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Table of Contents

 

 

 

LOGO

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

 

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended November 30, 2015

OR

 

¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                                to                               

Commission File Number 001-08399

WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Ohio

  

31-1189815

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

200 Old Wilson Bridge Road, Columbus, Ohio

  

43085

(Address of principal executive offices)

   (Zip Code)

 

(614) 438-3210

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Not applicable

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

YES  x    NO  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

YES  x    NO   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

x

  

Accelerated filer

 

¨

Non-accelerated filer

 

¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

  

Smaller reporting company

 

¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

YES  ¨    NO  x

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS:

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the Issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. On December 31, 2015, the number of Common Shares, without par value, issued and outstanding was 63,228,138.


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Safe Harbor Statement

     ii   

Part I. Financial Information

  

Item 1.

   Financial Statements (Unaudited)   
  

Consolidated Balance Sheets –
November 30, 2015 and May 31, 2015

     1   
  

Consolidated Statements of Earnings –
Three and Six Months Ended November 30, 2015 and 2014

     2   
  

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income –
Three and Six Months Ended November 30, 2015 and 2014

     3   
  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows –
Three and Six Months Ended November 30, 2015 and 2014

     4   
  

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     5   

Item 2.

   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      23   

Item 3.

   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      38   

Item 4.

   Controls and Procedures      38   

Part II. Other Information

  

Item 1.

   Legal Proceedings      38   

Item 1A.

   Risk Factors      38   

Item 2.

   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      39   

Item 3.

   Defaults Upon Senior Securities (Not applicable)      39   

Item 4.

   Mine Safety Disclosures (Not applicable)      39   

Item 5.

   Other Information (Not applicable)      39   

Item 6.

   Exhibits      40   

Signatures

     41   

Index to Exhibits

     42   

 

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SAFE HARBOR STATEMENT

Selected statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including, without limitation, in “PART I – Item 2. – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” constitute “forward-looking statements” as that term is used in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “Act”). Forward-looking statements reflect our current expectations, estimates or projections concerning future results or events. These statements are often identified by the use of forward-looking words or phrases such as “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “may,” “could,” “intend,” “estimate,” “plan,” “foresee,” “likely,” “will,” “should” or other similar words or phrases. These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements relating to:

   

outlook, strategy or business plans;

   

the ability to correct performance issues at operations;

   

future or expected growth, forward momentum, performance, sales, volumes, cash flows, earnings, balance sheet strengths, debt, financial condition or other financial measures;

   

projected profitability potential, capacity, and working capital needs;

   

demand trends for us or our markets;

   

additions to product lines and opportunities to participate in new markets;

   

pricing trends for raw materials and finished goods and the impact of pricing changes;

   

anticipated capital expenditures and asset sales;

   

anticipated improvements and efficiencies in costs, operations, sales, inventory management, sourcing and the supply chain and the results thereof;

   

the ability to make acquisitions and the projected timing, results, benefits, costs, charges and expenditures related to acquisitions, newly-created joint ventures, headcount reductions and facility dispositions, shutdowns and consolidations;

   

the alignment of operations with demand;

   

the ability to operate profitably and generate cash in down markets;

   

the ability to maintain margins and capture and maintain market share and to develop or take advantage of future opportunities, customer initiatives, new businesses, new products and new markets;

   

expectations for Company and customer inventories, jobs and orders;

   

expectations for the economy and markets or improvements therein;

   

expected benefits from transformation plans, cost reduction efforts and other new initiatives;

   

expectations for increasing volatility or improving and sustainable earnings, earnings potential, margins or shareholder value;

   

effects of judicial rulings; and

   

other non-historical matters.

Because they are based on beliefs, estimates and assumptions, forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. Any number of factors could affect actual results, including, without limitation, those that follow:

   

the effect of national, regional and worldwide economic conditions generally and within major product markets, including a recurrent slowing economy;

   

the effect of conditions in national and worldwide financial markets;

   

lower oil prices as a factor in demand for products;

   

product demand and pricing;

   

changes in product mix, product substitution and market acceptance of our products;

   

fluctuations in the pricing, quality or availability of raw materials (particularly steel), supplies, transportation, utilities and other items required by operations;

   

effects of facility closures and the consolidation of operations;

   

the effect of financial difficulties, consolidation and other changes within the steel, automotive, construction, oil and gas, and other industries in which we participate;

   

failure to maintain appropriate levels of inventories;

   

financial difficulties (including bankruptcy filings) of original equipment manufacturers, end-users and customers, suppliers, joint venture partners and others with whom we do business;

   

the ability to realize targeted expense reductions from headcount reductions, facility closures and other cost reduction efforts;

   

the ability to realize other cost savings and operational, sales and sourcing improvements and efficiencies, and other expected benefits from transformation initiatives, on a timely basis;

 

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Table of Contents
   

the overall success of, and the ability to integrate, newly-acquired businesses and joint ventures, maintain and develop their customers, and achieve synergies and other expected benefits and cost savings therefrom;

   

capacity levels and efficiencies, within facilities, within major product markets and within the industries as a whole;

   

the effect of disruption in the business of suppliers, customers, facilities and shipping operations due to adverse weather, casualty events, equipment breakdowns, acts of war or terrorist activities or other causes;

   

changes in customer demand, inventories, spending patterns, product choices, and supplier choices;

   

risks associated with doing business internationally, including economic, political and social instability, foreign currency exposure and the acceptance of our products in these markets;

   

the ability to improve and maintain processes and business practices to keep pace with the economic, competitive and technological environment;

   

the outcome of adverse claims experience with respect to workers’ compensation, product recalls or product liability, casualty events or other matters;

   

deviation of actual results from estimates and/or assumptions used by us in the application of our significant accounting policies;

   

level of imports and import prices in our markets;

   

the impact of judicial rulings and governmental regulations, both in the United States and abroad, including those adopted by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission and other governmental agencies as contemplated by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010;

   

the effect of changes to healthcare laws in the United States, which may increase our healthcare and other costs and negatively impact our operations and financial results; and

   

other risks described from time to time in our filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, including those described in “PART I – Item 1A. — Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2015.

We note these factors for investors as contemplated by the Act. It is impossible to predict or identify all potential risk factors. Consequently, you should not consider the foregoing list to be a complete set of all potential risks and uncertainties. Any forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are based on current information as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and we assume no obligation to correct or update any such statements in the future, except as required by applicable law.

 

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. – Financial Statements

WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

     November 30,
2015
     May 31,
2015
 

Assets

     

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 27,354       $ 31,067   

Receivables, less allowances of $3,163 and $3,085 at November 30, 2015 and May 31, 2015, respectively

     407,371         474,292   

Inventories:

     

Raw materials

     177,044         181,975   

Work in process

     89,877         107,069   

Finished products

     84,232         85,931   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total inventories

     351,153         374,975   

Income taxes receivable

     3,491         12,119   

Assets held for sale

     12,646         23,412   

Deferred income taxes

     21,356         22,034   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     48,525         54,294   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current assets

     871,896         992,193   

Investments in unconsolidated affiliates

     210,116         196,776   

Goodwill

     237,110         238,999   

Other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $42,744 and $47,547 at November 30, 2015 and May 31, 2015, respectively

     92,119         119,117   

Other assets

     25,676         24,867   

Property, plant & equipment:

     

Land

     14,367         16,017   

Buildings and improvements

     224,104         218,182   

Machinery and equipment

     898,384         872,986   

Construction in progress

     52,174         40,753   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total property, plant & equipment

     1,189,029         1,147,938   

Less: accumulated depreciation

     664,941         634,748   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

     524,088         513,190   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,961,005       $ 2,085,142   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities and equity

     

Current liabilities:

     

Accounts payable

   $ 265,984       $ 294,129   

Short-term borrowings

     49,538         90,550   

Accrued compensation, contributions to employee benefit plans and related taxes

     59,016         66,252   

Dividends payable

     13,293         12,862   

Other accrued items

     61,039         56,913   

Income taxes payable

     2,049         2,845   

Current maturities of long-term debt

     851         841   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     451,770         524,392   

Other liabilities

     63,429         58,269   

Distributions in excess of investment in unconsolidated affiliate

     58,214         61,585   

Long-term debt

     579,016         579,352   

Deferred income taxes

     4,802         21,495   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     1,157,231         1,245,093   

Shareholders’ equity - controlling interest

     713,006         749,112   

Noncontrolling interests

     90,768         90,937   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total equity

     803,774         840,049   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 1,961,005       $ 2,085,142   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months  Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November 30,
 
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

Net sales

   $ 699,816      $ 871,012      $ 1,457,963      $ 1,733,426   

Cost of goods sold

     590,637        745,789        1,235,768        1,478,696   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross margin

     109,179        125,223        222,195        254,730   

Selling, general and administrative expense

     72,722        77,308        148,673        152,563   

Impairment of long-lived assets

     22,962        14,235        25,962        16,185   

Restructuring and other expense

     1,523        488        4,592        588   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     11,972        33,192        42,968        85,394   

Other income (expense):

        

Miscellaneous income, net

     996        1,220        418        1,543   

Interest expense

     (7,799     (9,676     (15,653     (19,192

Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates

     29,247        22,319        55,828        50,243   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes

     34,416        47,055        83,561        117,988   

Income tax expense

     8,800        15,600        23,508        37,713   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings

     25,616        31,455        60,053        80,275   

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests

     2,375        1,993        5,402        6,645   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings attributable to controlling interest

   $ 23,241      $ 29,462      $ 54,651      $ 73,630   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic

        

Average common shares outstanding

     62,676        67,105        63,338        67,337   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per share attributable to controlling interest

   $ 0.37      $ 0.44      $ 0.86      $ 1.09   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

        

Average common shares outstanding

     64,527        69,181        65,015        69,780   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per share attributable to controlling interest

   $ 0.36      $ 0.43      $ 0.84      $ 1.06   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common shares outstanding at end of period

     62,101        66,912        62,101        66,912   

Cash dividends declared per share

   $ 0.19      $ 0.18      $ 0.38      $ 0.36   

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

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WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November  30,
 
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

Net earnings

   $ 25,616      $ 31,455      $ 60,053      $ 80,275   

Other comprehensive loss:

        

Foreign currency translation

     (9,214     (7,270     (7,391     (16,862

Pension liability adjustment, net of tax

     -        -        (8     -   

Cash flow hedges, net of tax

     (2,523     (1,881     (1,893     (920
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive loss

     (11,737     (9,151     (9,292     (17,782
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

     13,879        22,304        50,761        62,493   

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     1,760        1,559        4,731        5,031   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income attributable to controlling interest

   $ 12,119      $ 20,745      $ 46,030      $ 57,462   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November 30,
 
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

Operating activities

        

Net earnings

   $ 25,616      $ 31,455      $ 60,053      $ 80,275   

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:

        

Depreciation and amortization

     20,547        21,200        41,987        41,567   

Impairment of long-lived assets

     22,962        14,235        25,962        16,185   

Provision for deferred income taxes

     (9,851     (5,492     (15,391     (6,027

Bad debt expense (income)

     (2     143        8        (60

Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates, net of distributions

     (10,389     (813     (15,902     (7,803

Net loss (gain) on sale of assets

     (5,854     2,370        (4,248     (460

Stock-based compensation

     3,880        4,498        7,657        8,853   

Excess tax benefits - stock-based compensation

     (434     (621     (1,258     (5,753

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of impact of acquisitions:

        

Receivables

     23,474        (6,916     66,103        5,836   

Inventories

     31,645        16,087        23,821        (35,130

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     17,467        (5,232     28,633        (8,104

Other assets

     (3,245     3,095        (2,803     3,216   

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

     (72,711     (72,095     (30,527     (30,205

Other liabilities

     7,487        (505     4,300        (6,496
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     50,592        1,409        188,395        55,894   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investing activities

        

Investment in property, plant and equipment

     (21,995     (23,273     (60,492     (47,146

Investment in notes receivable

     -        (2,300     -        (7,300

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

     (2,950     (14,543     (2,950     (51,093

Distributions from (investments in) unconsolidated affiliates

     (226     129        (1,913     (3,671

Proceeds from sale of assets and insurance

     9,325        921        9,456        1,186   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used by investing activities

     (15,846     (39,066     (55,899     (108,024
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Financing activities

        

Net proceeds from (repayments of) short-term borrowings

     27,499        (196     (41,012     359   

Proceeds from long-term debt

     -        20,480        921        20,480   

Principal payments on long-term debt

     (220     (511     (428     (813

Proceeds from (payments for) issuance of common shares

     3,666        566        3,064        (454

Excess tax benefits - stock-based compensation

     434        621        1,258        5,753   

Payments to noncontrolling interest

     (1,564     -        (4,900     (2,867

Repurchase of common shares

     (43,914     (21,549     (71,496     (41,620

Dividends paid

     (12,065     (12,138     (23,616     (22,250
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used by financing activities

     (26,164     (12,727     (136,209     (41,412
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     8,582        (50,384     (3,713     (93,542

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     18,772        146,921        31,067        190,079   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 27,354      $ 96,537      $ 27,354      $ 96,537   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

NOTE A – Basis of Presentation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Worthington Industries, Inc. and consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, “we,” “our,” “Worthington,” or the “Company”). Investments in unconsolidated affiliates are accounted for using the equity method. Significant intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated.

dHybrid Systems, LLC (“dHybrid”), Spartan Steel Coating, LLC (“Spartan”), TWB Company, L.L.C. (“TWB”), Worthington Arıtaş Basınçlı Kaplar Sanayi (“Worthington Aritas”), Worthington Energy Innovations, LLC (“WEI”), and Worthington Nitin Cylinders Limited (“Worthington Nitin Cylinders”) in which we own controlling interests of 79.59%, 52%, 55%, 75%, 75%, and 60%, respectively, are consolidated with the equity owned by the other joint venture members shown as noncontrolling interests in our consolidated balance sheets, and the other joint venture members’ portions of net earnings and other comprehensive income (loss) shown as net earnings or comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests in our consolidated statements of earnings and consolidated statements of comprehensive income, respectively.

These unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, which are of a normal and recurring nature, except those which have been disclosed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, necessary for a fair presentation of the consolidated financial statements for these interim periods, have been included. Operating results for the three and six months ended November 30, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending May 31, 2016 (“fiscal 2016”). For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2015 (“fiscal 2015”) of Worthington Industries, Inc. (the “2015 Form 10-K”).

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In May 2014, amended accounting guidance was issued that replaces most existing revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP. The amended guidance requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The amended guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. We are in the process of evaluating the effect this guidance will have on our consolidated financial position and results of operations. The amended guidance permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. We have not selected a transition method nor have we determined the effect of the amended guidance on our ongoing financial reporting.

In April 2015, amended accounting guidance was issued to simplify the presentation of debt issuance costs by requiring that such costs be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the corresponding debt liability itself. For public business entities, the amended guidance is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early application is permitted for financial statements that have not been issued. The revised guidance is to be applied on a retrospective basis, and entities are to comply with the applicable disclosures for a change in an accounting principle accordingly. We are in the process of evaluating the effect this guidance will have on our consolidated financial position and results of operations, and we have not determined the effect of the amended guidance on our ongoing financial reporting.

In July 2015, amended accounting guidance was issued regarding the measurement of inventory. The amended guidance requires that inventory accounted for under the first-in, first-out (FIFO) or average cost methods be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value, where net realizable value represents the estimated selling

 

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price of inventory in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. The amended guidance has no impact on inventory accounted for under the last-in, first-out (LIFO) or retail inventory methods. For public business entities, the amended guidance is effective prospectively for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early application is permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. We are in the process of evaluating the effect this guidance will have on our consolidated financial position and results of operations, and we have not determined the effect of the amended guidance on our ongoing financial reporting.

In September 2015, amended accounting guidance was issued regarding adjustments to provisional amounts reported in conjunction with a business combination. The amended guidance requires that an acquirer in a business combination recognize adjustments to provisional amounts identified during the measurement period in the reporting period in which the adjustment amounts are determined. The amendment also requires that the acquirer record, in the same period’s financial statements, the effect on earnings of changes in depreciation, amortization, or other income effects, if any, as a result of the change, calculated as if the accounting had been completed at the acquisition date. Additionally, the amendment requires the acquirer to present separately on the face of the income statement or disclose in the notes the portion of the amount recorded in current-period earnings by line item that would have been recorded in previous reporting periods if the adjustment to the provisional amounts had been recognized as of the acquisition date. For public business entities, the amended guidance is effective prospectively for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early application is permitted for financial statements that have not been issued. We are in the process of evaluating the effect this guidance will have on our consolidated financial position and results of operations, and we have not determined the effect of the amended guidance on our ongoing financial reporting.

In November 2015, amended accounting guidance was issued that simplifies the presentation of deferred income taxes. The amended guidance requires that all deferred income tax assets and liabilities be classified as noncurrent on a classified statement of financial position. For public business entities, the amended guidance is effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those annual periods. Early application is permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period, and the change may be applied either prospectively or retrospectively. We are in the process of evaluating the effect this guidance will have on our consolidated financial position and results of operations, and we have not determined the effect of the amended guidance on our ongoing financial reporting.

NOTE B – Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates

Our investments in affiliated companies that we do not control, either through majority ownership or otherwise, are accounted for using the equity method. These include ArtiFlex Manufacturing, LLC (“ArtiFlex”) (50%), Clarkwestern Dietrich Building Systems LLC (“ClarkDietrich”) (25%), Samuel Steel Pickling Company (31.25%), Serviacero Planos, S. de R. L. de C.V. (“Serviacero”) (50%), Worthington Armstrong Venture (“WAVE”) (50%), Worthington Specialty Processing (“WSP”) (51%), and Zhejiang Nisshin Worthington Precision Specialty Steel Co., Ltd. (10%). WSP is considered to be jointly controlled and not consolidated due to substantive participating rights of the minority partner.

We received distributions from unconsolidated affiliates totaling $39,926,000 during the six months ended November 30, 2015. We have received cumulative distributions from WAVE in excess of our investment balance totaling $58,214,000 at November 30, 2015. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, these excess distributions are reclassified to the liabilities section of our consolidated balance sheet. We will continue to record our equity in the net income of WAVE as a debit to the investment account, and if it becomes positive, it will again be shown as an asset on our consolidated balance sheet. If it becomes obvious that any excess distribution may not be returned (upon joint venture liquidation or otherwise), we will recognize any balance classified as a liability as income immediately.

We use the “cumulative earnings” approach for determining cash flow presentation of distributions from our unconsolidated joint ventures. Distributions received are included in our consolidated statements of cash flows as operating activities, unless the cumulative distributions exceed our portion of the cumulative equity in the net earnings of the joint venture, in which case the excess distributions are deemed to be returns of the investment and are classified as investing activities in our consolidated statements of cash flows.

 

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Combined financial information for our unconsolidated affiliates is summarized as follows:

 

(in thousands)    November 30,
2015
     May 31,
2015
 

Cash

   $ 95,214       $ 101,011   

Receivable from member (1)

     8,383         11,092   

Other current assets

     467,747         491,507   

Noncurrent assets

     347,783         318,939   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 919,127       $ 922,549   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Current liabilities

   $ 130,169       $ 184,028   

Short-term borrowings

     15,503         -   

Current maturities of long-term debt

     4,156         4,489   

Long-term debt

     270,451         272,861   

Other noncurrent liabilities

     19,488         20,471   

Equity

     479,360         440,700   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 919,127       $ 922,549   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
     Six Months Ended
November 30,
 
(in thousands)    2015      2014      2015      2014  

Net sales

   $ 389,185       $ 388,712       $ 793,648       $ 781,262   

Gross margin

     84,767         76,193         173,785         164,945   

Operating income

     55,810         49,864         117,057         113,343   

Depreciation and amortization

     8,068         8,983         16,165         18,105   

Interest expense

     2,136         2,173         4,295         4,335   

Other income (expense) (2)

     18,663         (59      23,564         (129

Income tax expense

     2,164         2,799         4,723         5,552   

Net earnings

     71,144         44,490         134,070         103,930   

 

 

(1)

Represents cash owed from a joint venture partner as a result of centralized cash management.

 

(2)

The increase in other income as compared to the comparable period in the prior year is primarily attributable to the impact of ClarkDietrich’s legal settlement related to successful disparagement litigation against several competitors in an industry trade association.

NOTE C – Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

We review the carrying value of our long-lived assets, including intangible assets with finite useful lives, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset or asset group may not be recoverable.

Impairment testing of long-lived assets with definite useful lives involves a comparison of the sum of the undiscounted future cash flows of the asset or asset group to its respective carrying amount. If the sum of the undiscounted future cash flows exceeds the carrying amount, then no impairment exists. If the carrying amount exceeds the sum of the undiscounted future cash flows, then a second step is performed to determine the amount of impairment, which would be recorded as an impairment charge in our consolidated statement of earnings.

During the first quarter of fiscal 2016, management finalized its plan to close the Engineered Cabs facility in Florence, South Carolina, and transfer the majority of the business to the Engineered Cabs facility in Greeneville, Tennessee. Under the plan, certain machinery and equipment will transfer to the Greeneville facility to support the higher volume requirements and the remaining long-lived assets will be liquidated. As a result of these developments, management reevaluated the recoverability of the asset group and determined that long-lived assets with a carrying value of $4,059,000 were impaired. As a result, these long-lived assets were written down to their estimated fair value of $1,059,000 resulting in an impairment charge of $3,000,000 during the six months ended November 30, 2015. The Company ceased production at the Florence facility on September 30, 2015.

 

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As a result of the decline in oil prices and resulting reduced demand for products, management determined that an impairment indicator was present for the long-lived assets of its facilities in the Oil & Gas Equipment business within Pressure Cylinders. The Company had tested the four asset groups in its Oil & Gas Equipment business for impairment during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015 and again in the first quarter of fiscal 2016. In each of these tests, the Company’s estimate of the undiscounted future cash flows for each asset group indicated that the carrying amounts were expected to be recovered as of those measurement dates.

During the second quarter of fiscal 2016, the continued decline of oil prices further reduced the demand for our Oil & Gas Equipment products, causing a significant decrease in the Company’s long-term cash flow projections of the business. Based on these revised cash flow projections, the Company determined that two of the asset groups with a total carrying amount of $59,895,000 were impaired and wrote them down to their estimated fair value of $36,933,000. Fair value was based on expected future cash flows using Level 3 inputs under Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) 820. The cash flows are those expected to be generated by market participants, discounted at a 13% discount rate to account for the risks inherent in those cash flow projections. Because of deteriorating market conditions (i.e. rising interest rates and lower marketplace demand), it is reasonably possible that our estimate of discounted cash flows may change resulting in the need to perform additional impairment testing.

As a result of the impairment of the Oil & Gas Equipment assets noted above, the Company also performed an impairment review of the goodwill of the Pressure Cylinders reporting unit during the second quarter of fiscal 2016. The Company first reviewed the reporting unit structure and determined that it was no longer appropriate to aggregate the Oil & Gas Equipment component with the rest of the Pressure Cylinders components for purposes of goodwill impairment testing. This determination was driven by changes in the economic characteristics of the Oil & Gas Equipment business as a result of sustained low oil prices, which now indicate that the risk profile and prospects for growth and profitability of the Oil & Gas Equipment component are no longer similar to the other components of our Pressure Cylinders businesses. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, the Company allocated a portion of Pressure Cylinders goodwill totaling $25,982,000 to the Oil & Gas Equipment reporting unit using a relative fair value approach. A subsequent comparison of the fair values of the Oil & Gas Equipment and Pressure Cylinders reporting units, determined using discounted cash flows, to their respective carrying values indicated that a step 2 calculation to quantify a potential impairment was not required. The key assumptions that drive the fair value calculations are projected cash flows and the discount rate. Prior to the allocation of goodwill, the Company tested the goodwill of the old Pressure Cylinders reporting unit for impairment and determined that fair value exceeded carrying value by a significant amount.

NOTE D – Restructuring and Other Expense

We consider restructuring activities to be programs whereby we fundamentally change our operations such as closing and consolidating manufacturing facilities, moving manufacturing of a product to another location, and employee severance (including rationalizing headcount or other significant changes in personnel).

A progression of the liabilities associated with our restructuring activities, combined with a reconciliation to the restructuring and other expense financial statement caption in our consolidated statement of earnings for the six months ended November 30, 2015 is summarized as follows:

 

(in thousands)    Beginning
Balance
     Expense     Payments     Adjustments     Ending
Balance
 

Early retirement and severance

   $ 2,170       $ 4,247      $ (3,244   $ (157   $ 3,016   

Facility exit and other costs

     371         4,767        (4,171     (11     956   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 2,541         9,014      $ (7,415   $ (168   $ 3,972   
  

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net gain on sale of assets

        (4,422      
     

 

 

       

Restructuring and other expense

      $ 4,592         
     

 

 

       

During fiscal 2016, the following activities were taken related to the Company’s restructuring activities:

 

   

In connection with the closure of the Engineered Cabs facility in Florence, South Carolina, the Company recognized severance expense of $2,343,000 and facility exit costs of $300,000.

 

   

The Company recognized severance expense of $643,000 related to workforce reductions in our Oil & Gas Equipment business within Pressure Cylinders announced on September 22, 2015.

 

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In connection with the closure of the Company’s stainless steel business, Precision Specialty Metals, Inc. (“PSM”), the Company recognized $4,296,000 of facility exit costs and severance expense of $1,000,000.

 

   

In connection with the pending closure of the steel packaging facility in York, Pennsylvania, the Company recognized severance expense of $416,000.

 

   

The Company sold the remaining fixed assets of its legacy Baltimore steel processing facility at a gain of $2,938,000. The Company also recorded a $240,000 credit to severance expense and recognized facility exit costs of $101,000 during fiscal 2016 related to this matter.

 

   

The Company sold the remaining land and building of its legacy metal framing business at a gain of $1,484,000.

 

   

The Company incurred severance expense and facility costs totaling $85,000 and $70,000, respectively, related to other non-significant restructuring activities.

The total liability as of November 30, 2015 is expected to be paid in the next twelve months.

NOTE E – Contingent Liabilities and Commitments

We are defendants in certain legal actions. In the opinion of management, the outcome of these actions, which is not clearly determinable at the present time, would not significantly affect our consolidated financial position or future results of operations. We believe that environmental issues will not have a material effect on our capital expenditures, consolidated financial position or future results of operations.

NOTE F – Guarantees

We do not have guarantees that we believe are reasonably likely to have a material current or future effect on our consolidated financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources. However, as of November 30, 2015, we were party to an operating lease for an aircraft in which we have guaranteed a residual value at the termination of the lease. The maximum obligation under the terms of this guarantee was approximately $11,128,000 at November 30, 2015. We have also guaranteed the repayment of a term loan entered into by our unconsolidated affiliate, ArtiFlex, which had $833,000 outstanding at November 30, 2015. Based on current facts and circumstances, we have estimated the likelihood of payment pursuant to these guarantees, and determined that the fair value of our obligation under each guarantee based on those likely outcomes is not material and, therefore, no amounts have been recognized in our consolidated financial statements.

NOTE G – Debt and Receivables Securitization

We maintain a $500,000,000 multi-year revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) with a group of lenders that matures in April 2020. Borrowings under the Credit Facility have maturities of less than one year. However, we can extend the term of amounts borrowed by renewing these borrowings for the term of the Credit Facility. We have the option to borrow at rates equal to an applicable margin over the LIBOR, Prime or Fed Funds rates. The applicable margin is determined by our credit rating. The applicable interest rate at November 30, 2015 was 1.301%. Borrowings outstanding under the Credit Facility totaled $25,191,000 at November 30, 2015, leaving $474,809,000 available for future use.

We also maintain a $100,000,000 revolving trade accounts receivable securitization facility (the “AR Facility”) which expires in January 2018. The AR Facility has been available throughout fiscal 2016 to date, and was available throughout fiscal 2015. Pursuant to the terms of the AR Facility, certain of our subsidiaries sell their accounts receivable without recourse, on a revolving basis, to Worthington Receivables Corporation (“WRC”), a wholly-owned, consolidated, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary. In turn, WRC may sell without recourse, on a revolving basis, up to $100,000,000 of undivided ownership interests in this pool of accounts receivable to a multi-seller, asset-backed commercial paper conduit (the “Conduit”). Purchases by the Conduit are financed with the sale of A1/P1 commercial paper. We retain an undivided interest in this pool and are subject to risk of loss based on the collectability of the receivables from this retained interest. Because the amount eligible to be sold excludes receivables more than 90 days past due, receivables offset by an allowance for doubtful accounts due to bankruptcy or other cause, concentrations over certain limits with specific customers and certain reserve amounts, we believe additional risk of loss is minimal. The book value of the retained portion of the pool of accounts receivable approximates fair value. As of November 30, 2015, the pool of eligible accounts receivable exceeded the $100,000,000 limit, and $20,000,000 of undivided interests in this pool of accounts receivable had been sold.

 

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The remaining balance of short-term borrowings at November 30, 2015 consisted of an aggregate of $2,257,000 outstanding under various credit facilities maintained by our consolidated affiliate, Worthington Aritas, and $2,090,000 outstanding under a credit facility maintained by our consolidated affiliate, Worthington Nitin Cylinders. Borrowings outstanding under the Nitin credit facility are currently in default; however, the lender has not called the note and the Company has settled its portion of the obligation.

We also have stand-by letters of credit totaling $15,216,000 outstanding as of November 30, 2015. These letters of credit are issued to third-party service providers and had no amounts drawn against them at November 30, 2015.

NOTE H – Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The following table summarizes the tax effects on each component of other comprehensive loss for the three months ended November 30:

 

     2015     2014  
     Before-Tax     Tax      Net-of-Tax     Before-Tax     Tax      Net-of-Tax  
(in thousands)                                       

Foreign currency translation

   $ (9,214   $ -       $ (9,214   $ (7,270   $ -       $ (7,270

Pension liability adjustment

     -        -         -        -        -         -   

Cash flow hedges

     (3,805     1,282         (2,523     (2,973     1,092         (1,881
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss )

   $ (13,019   $  1,282       $ (11,737   $ (10,243   $  1,092       $ (9,151
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the tax effects on each component of other comprehensive loss for the six months ended November 30:

 

     2015     2014  
     Before-Tax     Tax      Net-of-Tax     Before-Tax     Tax      Net-of-Tax  
(in thousands)                                       

Foreign currency translation

   $ (7,391   $ -       $ (7,391   $ (16,862   $ -       $ (16,862

Pension liability adjustment

     (8     -         (8     -        -         -   

Cash flow hedges

     (2,567     674         (1,893     (1,430     510         (920
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

   $ (9,966   $     674       $ (9,292   $ (18,292   $    510       $ (17,782
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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NOTE I – Changes in Equity

The following table provides a summary of the changes in total equity, shareholders’ equity attributable to controlling interest, and equity attributable to noncontrolling interests for the six months ended November 30, 2015:

 

     Controlling Interest              
(in thousands)    Additional
Paid-in
Capital
    Cumulative
Other
Comprehensive
Loss,

Net of Tax
    Retained
Earnings
    Total     Non-
controlling
Interests
    Total  

Balance at May 31, 2015

   $ 289,078      $ (50,704   $ 510,738      $ 749,112      $ 90,937      $ 840,049   

Net earnings

     -        -        54,651        54,651        5,402        60,053   

Other comprehensive loss

     -        (8,621     -        (8,621     (671     (9,292

Common shares issued, net of withholding tax

     3,064        -        -        3,064        -        3,064   

Common shares in NQ plans

     854        -        -        854        -        854   

Stock-based compensation

     9,636        -        -        9,636        -        9,636   

Purchases and retirement of common shares

     (11,580     -        (59,916     (71,496     -        (71,496

Cash dividends declared

     -        -        (24,194     (24,194     -        (24,194

Payments to noncontrolling interest

     -        -        -        -        (4,900     (4,900
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at November 30, 2015

   $ 291,052      $ (59,325   $ 481,279      $ 713,006      $ 90,768      $ 803,774   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The components of the changes in other comprehensive loss were as follows:

 

     Foreign
Currency
Translation
    Pension
Liability
Adjustment
    Cash
Flow
Hedges
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
(in thousands)                         

Balance as of May 31, 2015

   $ (20,717   $ (15,003   $ (14,984   $ (50,704

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications

     (6,720     (8     (18,503     (25,231

Reclassification adjustments to income (a)

     -        -        15,936        15,936   

Income taxes

     -        -        674        674   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of November 30, 2015

   $ (27,437   $ (15,011   $ (16,877   $ (59,325
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(a)

The statement of earnings classification of amounts reclassified to income for cash flow hedges is disclosed in “NOTE N – Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities.”

NOTE J – Stock-Based Compensation

Non-Qualified Stock Options

During the six months ended November 30, 2015, we granted non-qualified stock options covering a total of 153,500 common shares under our stock-based compensation plans. The option price of $30.92 per share was equal to the market price of the underlying common shares at the grant date. The fair value of these stock options, based on the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, calculated at the grant date, was $9.55 per share. The calculated pre-tax stock-based compensation expense for these stock options, after an estimate for forfeitures, is $1,305,000 and will be recognized on a straight-line basis over the three-year vesting period. The following assumptions were used to value these stock options:

 

Dividend yield

     2.33

Expected volatility

     38.40

Risk-free interest rate

     1.98

Expected term (years)

     6.0   

Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of our common shares and the risk-free interest rate is based on the United States Treasury strip rate for the expected term of the stock options. The expected term was developed using historical exercise experience.

 

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Service-Based Restricted Common Shares

During the six months ended November 30, 2015, we granted an aggregate of 204,550 service-based restricted common shares under our stock-based compensation plans. The fair value of these restricted common shares was equal to the closing market price of the underlying common shares on the date of grant, or $29.32 per share. The calculated pre-tax stock-based compensation expense for these restricted common shares, after an estimate for forfeitures, is $5,446,000 and will be recognized on a straight-line basis over the three-year service-based vesting period.

Performance Share Awards

We have awarded performance shares to certain key employees that are earned based on the level of achievement with respect to corporate targets for cumulative corporate economic value added, earnings per share growth and, in the case of business unit executives, business unit operating income targets for the three-year periods ending May 31, 2016, 2017 and 2018. These performance share awards will be paid, to the extent earned, in common shares of the Company in the fiscal quarter following the end of the applicable three-year performance period. The fair values of our performance shares are determined by the closing market prices of the underlying common shares at their respective grant dates and the pre-tax stock-based compensation expense is based on our periodic assessment of the probability of the targets being achieved and our estimate of the number of common shares that will ultimately be issued. During the six months ended November 30, 2015, we granted performance share awards covering an aggregate of 92,096 common shares (at target levels). The calculated pre-tax stock-based compensation expense for these performance shares is $2,774,000 and will be recognized over the three-year performance period.

NOTE K – Income Taxes

Income tax expense for the six months ended November 30, 2015 and November 30, 2014 reflected estimated annual effective income tax rates of 31.2% and 33.5%, respectively. The annual effective income tax rates exclude any impact from the inclusion of net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests in our consolidated statements of earnings. Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests is primarily a result of our Spartan, Worthington Nitin Cylinders, Worthington Aritas, and TWB consolidated joint ventures. The earnings attributable to the noncontrolling interest in Spartan and TWB’s U.S. operations do not generate tax expense to Worthington since the investors in Spartan and TWB’s U.S. operations are taxed directly based on the earnings attributable to them. The tax expense of Worthington Aritas and Worthington Nitin Cylinders (both foreign corporations), and TWB’s wholly-owned foreign corporations, is reported in our consolidated tax expense. Management is required to estimate the annual effective income tax rate based upon its forecast of annual pre-tax income for domestic and foreign operations. Our actual effective income tax rate for fiscal 2016 could be materially different from the forecasted rate as of November 30, 2015.

 

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NOTE L – Earnings Per Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share for the three and six months ended November 30, 2015 and 2014:

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
     Six Months Ended
November 30,
 
(in thousands, except per share amounts)    2015      2014      2015      2014  

Numerator (basic & diluted):

           

Net earnings attributable to controlling interest – income available to common shareholders

   $ 23,241       $ 29,462       $ 54,651       $ 73,630   

Denominator:

           

Denominator for basic earnings per share attributable to controlling interest – weighted average common shares

     62,676         67,105         63,338         67,337   

Effect of dilutive securities

     1,851         2,076         1,677         2,443   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator for diluted earnings per share attributable to controlling interest – adjusted weighted average common shares

     64,527         69,181         65,015         69,780   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share attributable to controlling interest

   $ 0.37       $ 0.44       $ 0.86       $ 1.09   

Diluted earnings per share attributable to controlling interest

   $ 0.36       $ 0.43       $ 0.84       $ 1.06   

Stock options and restricted common shares covering 367,094 and 147,859 common shares for the three months ended November 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and 346,557 and 113,744 common shares for the six months ended November 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, have been excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share because the effect would have been anti-dilutive as the exercise price of the stock options was greater than the average market price of the common shares during the period.

 

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NOTE M – Segment Operations

Summarized financial information for our reportable segments is shown in the following table:

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November 30,
 
(in thousands)    2015     2014     2015     2014  

Net sales

        

Steel Processing

   $ 467,812      $ 552,756      $ 958,612      $ 1,105,087   

Pressure Cylinders

     201,173        252,744        425,567        501,703   

Engineered Cabs

     28,699        51,540        67,316        101,094   

Other

     2,132        13,972        6,468        25,542   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net sales

   $ 699,816      $ 871,012      $ 1,457,963      $ 1,733,426   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

        

Steel Processing

   $ 26,642      $ 33,877      $ 50,280      $ 69,746   

Pressure Cylinders

     (10,309     9,580        6,510        29,186   

Engineered Cabs

     (4,290     (5,609     (13,581     (7,754

Other

     (71     (4,656     (241     (5,784
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating income

   $ 11,972      $ 33,192      $ 42,968      $ 85,394   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

        

Steel Processing

   $ -      $ 1,100      $ -      $ 3,050   

Pressure Cylinders

     22,962        9,567        22,962        9,567   

Engineered Cabs

     -        2,389        3,000        2,389   

Other

     -        1,179        -        1,179   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total impairment of long-lived assets

   $ 22,962      $ 14,235      $ 25,962      $ 16,185   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Restructuring and other expense (income)

        

Steel Processing

   $ 2,258      $ -      $ 2,720      $ (30

Pressure Cylinders

     (16     405        715        428   

Engineered Cabs

     765        -        2,643        -   

Other

     (1,484     83        (1,486     190   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total restructuring and other expense

   $ 1,523      $ 488      $ 4,592      $ 588   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
(in thousands)    November 30,
2015
    May 31,
2015
             

Total assets

        

Steel Processing

   $ 768,791      $ 829,116       

Pressure Cylinders

     750,809        804,799       

Engineered Cabs

     80,451        94,506       

Other

     360,954        356,721       
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

Total assets

   $ 1,961,005      $ 2,085,142       
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

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Table of Contents

NOTE N – Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

We utilize derivative instruments to manage exposure to certain risks related to our ongoing operations. The primary risks managed through the use of derivative instruments include interest rate risk, currency exchange risk and commodity price risk. While certain of our derivative instruments are designated as hedging instruments, we also enter into derivative instruments that are designed to hedge a risk, but are not designated as hedging instruments and therefore do not qualify for hedge accounting. These derivative instruments are adjusted to current fair value through earnings at the end of each period.

Interest Rate Risk Management – We are exposed to the impact of interest rate changes. Our objective is to manage the impact of interest rate changes on cash flows and the market value of our borrowings. We utilize a mix of debt maturities along with both fixed-rate and variable-rate debt to manage changes in interest rates. In addition, we enter into interest rate swaps to further manage our exposure to interest rate variations related to our borrowings and to lower our overall borrowing costs.

Currency Exchange Risk Management – We conduct business in several major international currencies and are therefore subject to risks associated with changing foreign exchange rates. We enter into various contracts that change in value as foreign exchange rates change to manage this exposure. Such contracts limit exposure to both favorable and unfavorable currency fluctuations. The translation of foreign currencies into United States dollars also subjects us to exposure related to fluctuating exchange rates; however, derivative instruments are not used to manage this risk.

Commodity Price Risk Management – We are exposed to changes in the price of certain commodities, including steel, natural gas, zinc and other raw materials, and our utility requirements. Our objective is to reduce earnings and cash flow volatility associated with forecasted purchases and sales of these commodities to allow management to focus its attention on business operations. Accordingly, we enter into derivative contracts to manage the associated price risk.

We are exposed to counterparty credit risk on all of our derivative instruments. Accordingly, we have established and maintain strict counterparty credit guidelines and enter into derivative instruments only with major financial institutions. We have credit support agreements in place with certain counterparties to limit our credit exposure. These agreements require either party to post cash collateral if its cumulative market position exceeds a predefined liability threshold. At November 30, 2015, we had posted total cash collateral of $9,670,000 to our margin accounts. Amounts posted to the margin accounts accrue interest at market rates and are required to be refunded in the period in which the cumulative market position falls below the required threshold. We do not have significant exposure to any one counterparty and management believes the risk of loss is remote and, in any event, would not be material.

Refer to “Note Q – Fair Value Measurements” for additional information regarding the accounting treatment for our derivative instruments, as well as how fair value is determined.

 

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Table of Contents

The following table summarizes the fair value of our derivative instruments and the respective financial statement caption in which they were recorded in our consolidated balance sheet at November 30, 2015:

 

     Asset Derivatives      Liability Derivatives  
(in thousands)    Balance
Sheet
Location
   Fair
Value
     Balance
Sheet
Location
   Fair
Value
 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:

           

Commodity contracts

   Receivables    $ -       Accounts payable    $ 16,349   
   Other assets      -       Other liabilities      974   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 
        -            17,323   

Interest rate contracts

   Receivables      -       Accounts payable      124   
   Other assets      -       Other liabilities      238   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 
        -            362   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Totals

      $ -          $ 17,685   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:

           

Commodity contracts

   Receivables    $ -       Accounts payable    $ 6,998   
   Other assets      -       Other liabilities      285   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 
        -            7,283   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Foreign exchange contracts

   Receivables      5       Accounts payable      -   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 
        5            -   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Totals

      $ 5          $ 7,283   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Total Derivative Instruments

      $ 5          $ 24,968   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

The amounts in the table above reflect the fair value of the Company’s derivative contracts on a net basis. Had these amounts been recognized on a gross basis, the impact would have been a $57,000 increase in receivables with a corresponding increase in accounts payable.

The following table summarizes the fair value of our derivative instruments and the financial statement caption in which they were recorded in the consolidated balance sheet at May 31, 2015:

 

     Asset Derivatives      Liability Derivatives  
(in thousands)    Balance
Sheet
Location
   Fair
Value
     Balance
Sheet
Location
     Fair
Value
 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:

           

Commodity contracts

   Receivables    $ -         Accounts payable       $ 17,241   
   Other assets      -         Other liabilities         592   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 
        -            17,833   

Interest rate contracts

   Receivables      -         Accounts payable         81   
   Other assets      -         Other liabilities         113   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 
        -            194   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Foreign exchange contracts

   Receivables      75         Accounts payable         -   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Totals

      $ 75          $ 18,027   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:

           

Commodity contracts

   Receivables    $ 96         Accounts payable       $ 4,104   
   Other assets      -         Other liabilities         -   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Totals

      $ 96          $ 4,104   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Total Derivative Instruments

      $ 171          $ 22,131   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

The amounts in the table above reflect the fair value of the Company’s derivative contracts on a net basis. Had these amounts been recognized on a gross basis, the impact would have been a $500,000 increase in receivables with a corresponding increase in accounts payable.

Cash Flow Hedges

We enter into derivative instruments to hedge our exposure to changes in cash flows attributable to interest rates, foreign exchange rates, and commodity price fluctuations associated with certain forecasted transactions. These derivative instruments are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges. Accordingly, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is reported as a component of other comprehensive income (loss) (“OCI”) and reclassified into earnings in the same financial statement caption associated with the forecasted transaction and in the same period during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. The ineffective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is recognized in earnings immediately.

The following table summarizes our cash flow hedges outstanding at November 30, 2015:

 

(in thousands)    Notional
Amount
     Maturity Date

Commodity contracts

   $ 73,757       December 2015 - November 2017

Interest rate contracts

     16,163       September 2019

The following table summarizes the gain (loss) recognized in OCI and the gain (loss) reclassified from accumulated OCI into earnings for derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges during the three months ended November 30, 2015 and 2014:

 

(in thousands)   Gain  (Loss)
Recognized
in OCI
(Effective
Portion)
    Location of
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified
from
Accumulated
OCI
(Effective
Portion)
  Gain  (Loss)
Reclassified
from
Accumulated
OCI
(Effective
Portion)
    Location of
Gain (Loss)
(Ineffective
Portion)
and Excluded
from
Effectiveness
Testing
  Gain  (Loss)
(Ineffective
Portion)
and  Excluded
from
Effectiveness
Testing
 

For the three months ended November 30, 2015:

         

Interest rate contracts

  $ (201   Interest expense   $ (146   Interest expense   $ -   

Commodity contracts

    (10,210   Cost of goods sold     (6,460   Cost of goods sold     -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Totals

  $ (10,411     $ (6,606     $ -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

For the three months ended November 30, 2014:

         

Interest rate contracts

  $ -      Interest expense   $ (1,137   Interest expense   $ -   

Commodity contracts

    (4,362   Cost of goods sold     (356   Cost of goods sold     -   

Foreign currency contracts

    (103   Miscellaneous income     -      Miscellaneous income     -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Totals

  $ (4,465     $ (1,493     $ -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

The following table summarizes the gain (loss) recognized in OCI and the gain (loss) reclassified from accumulated OCI into earnings for derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges during the six months ended November 30, 2015 and 2014:

 

(in thousands)   Gain  (Loss)
Recognized
in OCI
(Effective
Portion)
    Location of
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified
from
Accumulated
OCI
(Effective
Portion)
  Gain  (Loss)
Reclassified
from
Accumulated
OCI
(Effective
Portion)
    Location of
Gain (Loss)
(Ineffective
Portion)
and Excluded
from
Effectiveness
Testing
  Gain  (Loss)
(Ineffective
Portion)
and  Excluded

from
Effectiveness
Testing
 

For the six months ended November 30, 2015:

         

Interest rate contracts

  $ (167   Interest expense   $ (285   Interest expense   $ -   

Commodity contracts

    (18,336   Cost of goods sold     (15,647   Cost of goods sold     -   

Foreign currency contracts

    -      Miscellaneous income     (4   Miscellaneous income     -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Totals

  $ (18,503     $ (15,936     $ -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

For the six months ended November 30, 2014:

         

Interest rate contracts

  $ -      Interest expense   $ (2,285   Interest expense   $ -   

Commodity contracts

    (4,775   Cost of goods sold     (1,152   Cost of goods sold     -   

Foreign currency contracts

    (103   Miscellaneous income     -      Miscellaneous income     -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Totals

  $ (4,878     $ (3,437     $ -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

The estimated net amount of the losses recognized in accumulated OCI at November 30, 2015 expected to be reclassified into net earnings within the succeeding twelve months is $14,346,000 (net of tax of $8,161,000). This amount was computed using the fair value of the cash flow hedges at November 30, 2015, and will change before actual reclassification from OCI to net earnings during the fiscal years ending May 31, 2016 and 2017.

Economic (Non-designated) Hedges

We enter into foreign currency contracts to manage our foreign exchange exposure related to inter-company and financing transactions that do not meet the requirements for hedge accounting treatment. We also enter into certain commodity contracts that do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment. Accordingly, these derivative instruments are adjusted to current market value at the end of each period through earnings.

The following table summarizes our economic (non-designated) derivative instruments outstanding at November 30, 2015:

 

(in thousands)    Notional
Amount
     Maturity Date(s)

Commodity contracts

   $ 31,169       December 2015 - May 2017

Foreign currency contracts

     1,090       February 2016

 

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Table of Contents

The following table summarizes the gain (loss) recognized in earnings for economic (non-designated) derivative financial instruments during the three months ended November 30, 2015 and 2014:

 

     Location of Gain (Loss)    Gain (Loss) Recognized
in Earnings for the
Three Months  Ended
November 30,
 
(in thousands)    Recognized in Earnings    2015     2014  

Commodity contracts

   Cost of goods sold    $ (5,390   $ (2,360

Foreign currency contracts

   Miscellaneous income (expense)      70        (218
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

      $ (5,320   $ (2,578
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the gain (loss) recognized in earnings for economic (non-designated) derivative financial instruments during the six months ended November 30, 2015 and 2014:

 

     Location of Gain (Loss)    Gain (Loss) Recognized
in Earnings for the
Six Months  Ended
November 30,
 
(in thousands)    Recognized in Earnings    2015     2014  

Commodity contracts

   Cost of goods sold    $ (8,145   $ (2,417

Foreign currency contracts

   Miscellaneous income (expense)      70        43   
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

      $ (8,075   $ (2,374
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

The gain (loss) on the foreign currency derivatives significantly offsets the gain (loss) on the hedged item.

NOTE O – Fair Value

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Fair value is an exit price concept that assumes an orderly transaction between willing market participants and is required to be based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or a liability. Current accounting guidance establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy as a basis for considering such assumptions and for classifying the inputs used in the valuation methodologies. This hierarchy requires entities to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The three levels of inputs used to measure fair values are as follows:

 

Level 1

      Observable prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.

Level 2

      Observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical or similar assets and liabilities.

Level 3

      Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets and liabilities.

 

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Table of Contents

Recurring Fair Value Measurements

At November 30, 2015, our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis were as follows:

 

(in thousands)    Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)
     Totals  

Assets

           

Derivative contracts (1)

   $ -       $ 5       $ -       $ 5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ -       $ 5       $ -       $ 5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities

           

Derivative contracts (1)

   $ -       $ 24,968       $ -       $ 24,968   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

   $ -       $ 24,968       $ -       $ 24,968   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

At May 31, 2015, our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis were as follows:

 

(in thousands)    Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)
     Totals  

Assets

           

Derivative contracts (1)

   $ -       $ 171       $ -       $ 171   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ -       $ 171       $ -       $ 171   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities

           

Derivative contracts (1)

   $ -       $ 22,131       $ -       $ 22,131   

Contingent consideration obligations (2)

     -         -         3,979         3,979   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

   $ -       $ 22,131       $ 3,979       $ 26,110   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)

The fair value of our derivative contracts is based on the present value of the expected future cash flows considering the risks involved, including non-performance risk, and using discount rates appropriate for the respective maturities. Market observable, Level 2 inputs are used to determine the present value of the expected future cash flows. Refer to “Note N – Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities” for additional information regarding our use of derivative instruments.

 

(2)

The fair value of the contingent consideration obligations is determined using a probability weighted cash flow approach based on management’s projections of future cash flows of the acquired businesses. The fair value measurement was based on Level 3 inputs not observable in the market.

 

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Table of Contents

Non-Recurring Fair Value Measurements

At November 30, 2015, our assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis were as follows:

 

(in thousands)    Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)
     Totals  

Assets

           

Long-lived assets held and used (1)

   $ -       $ -       $ 36,933       $ 36,933   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ -       $ -       $ 36,933       $ 36,933   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)

During the second quarter of fiscal 2016, management reviewed certain long-lived assets of its Oil & Gas Equipment business in Pressure Cylinders for impairment. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, two asset groups within Oil & Gas Equipment with a total carrying value of $59,895,000 were written down to their estimated fair value of $36,933,000 resulting in an impairment charge of $22,962,000 during the three months ended November 30, 2015. Fair value was based on expected future cash flows using Level 3 inputs under ASC 820. The cash flows are those expected to be generated by market participants, discounted at a 13% discount rate to account for the risks inherent in those cash flow projections. Because of deteriorating market conditions (i.e. rising interest rates and lower marketplace demand), it is reasonably possible that our estimate of discounted cash flows may change resulting in the need to perform additional impairment testing. Refer to “NOTE C – Impairment of Long-Lived Assets” for additional information.

At May 31, 2015, our assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis were categorized as follows:

 

(in thousands)    Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)
     Totals  

Assets

           

Long-lived assets held and used (1)

   $ -       $ -       $ 12,403       $ 12,403   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ -       $ -       $ 12,403       $ 12,403   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015, management reviewed certain intangible assets related to our CNG fuel systems joint venture, dHybrid, for impairment. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, the intangible assets were written down to their fair value of $600,000, resulting in an impairment charge of $2,344,000. The key assumptions that drove the fair value calculation were projected cash flows and the discount rate.

During the third quarter of fiscal 2015, the Company concluded that an interim impairment test of the goodwill of its Engineered Cabs operating segment was necessary. Prior to conducting the goodwill impairment test, the Company first evaluated the other long-lived assets of the Engineered Cabs operating segment for recoverability. Recoverability was tested using future cash flow projections based on management’s long-range estimates of market conditions. The sum of the undiscounted future cash flows for the customer relationship intangible asset and the property, plant and equipment of the Florence, South Carolina facility were less than their respective carrying values. As a result, these assets were written down to their respective fair values of $2,000,000 and $9,803,000. The fair value measurements were based on Level 3 inputs not observable in the market. The key assumptions that drove the fair value calculations were projected cash flows and the discount rate.

The fair value of non-derivative financial instruments included in the carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, receivables, notes receivable, income taxes receivable, other assets, accounts payable, short-term borrowings, accrued compensation, contributions to employee benefit plans and related taxes, other accrued items,

 

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Table of Contents

income taxes payable and other liabilities approximate carrying value due to their short-term nature. The fair value of long-term debt, including current maturities, based upon models utilizing market observable (Level 2) inputs and credit risk, was $603,198,000 and $610,028,000 at November 30, 2015 and May 31, 2015, respectively. The carrying amount of long-term debt, including current maturities, was $579,867,000 and $580,193,000 at November 30, 2015 and May 31, 2015, respectively.

NOTE P – Subsequent Events

On December 7, 2015, the Company completed the acquisition of the global CryoScience business of Taylor Wharton, including a manufacturing facility in Theodore, Alabama, for $31,400,000, after adjusting for estimated working capital. The asset purchase was made pursuant to the Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings of Taylor Wharton. The purchase price allocation will be completed in the third quarter of fiscal 2016. The acquired business will be reported within the Pressure Cylinders operating segment.

 

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Table of Contents

Item 2. — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Selected statements contained in this “Item 2. – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” constitute “forward-looking statements” as that term is used in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements are based, in whole or in part, on management’s beliefs, estimates, assumptions and currently available information. For a more detailed discussion of what constitutes a forward-looking statement and of some of the factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from such forward-looking statements, please refer to the “Safe Harbor Statement” in the beginning of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and “Part I - Item 1A. - Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2015.

Introduction

The following discussion and analysis of market and industry trends, business developments, and the results of operations and financial position of Worthington Industries, Inc., together with its subsidiaries (collectively, “we,” “our,” “Worthington,” or our “Company”), should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in “Item 1. – Financial Statements” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2015 (“fiscal 2015”) includes additional information about Worthington, our operations and our consolidated financial position and should be read in conjunction with this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

As of November 30, 2015, excluding our joint ventures, we operated 31 manufacturing facilities worldwide, principally in three operating segments, which correspond with our reportable business segments: Steel Processing, Pressure Cylinders and Engineered Cabs. Our remaining operating segments, which do not meet the applicable aggregation criteria or quantitative thresholds for separate disclosure, are combined and reported in the “Other” category. These include Construction Services and Worthington Energy Innovations (“WEI”). The Company is in the process of exiting the businesses within Construction Services.

We also held equity positions in 13 active joint ventures, which operated 51 manufacturing facilities worldwide, as of November 30, 2015. Six of these joint ventures are consolidated with the equity owned by the other joint venture member(s), shown as noncontrolling interests in our consolidated balance sheets, and the other joint venture member(s)’ portion of net earnings and other comprehensive income (loss), shown as net earnings or comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests in our consolidated statements of earnings and consolidated statements of comprehensive income, respectively. The remaining seven of these joint ventures are accounted for using the equity method.

Overview

The Company delivered a steady performance in the second quarter of fiscal 2016. Lower manufacturing costs, improved profitability in Industrial Products and Consumer Products and strong contributions from our unconsolidated joint ventures highlighted the quarter. Demand remains healthy in many of our key end markets with the exception of Oil & Gas and Agriculture. The quarter included several unique items including $23.0 million of non-cash charges related to the impairment of certain long-lived assets in our Oil & Gas Equipment business; net restructuring charges of $2.3 million in Steel Processing tied to the ongoing closure of PSM, our stainless business, and the disposal of the remaining fixed assets of our legacy Baltimore steel processing facility; and $1.5 million of gains from the sale of real estate in our legacy metal framing business.

Pressure Cylinders’ operating income was down $19.9 million. The decline was driven by significant declines in the Oil & Gas Equipment business. Operating margins for the quarter were essentially flat as compared to the prior year quarter helped by lower manufacturing costs and improvements in operations in Industrial Products and Consumer Products.

Steel Processing operating income was down $7.3 million from the prior year quarter to $26.6 million. The decline was driven primarily by lower tolling volume at our Spartan joint venture and steel price declines, however, lower freight costs combined with contributions from the Rome acquisition led to an increase in gross margin as a percent of sales.

Revenue in Engineered Cabs was down 44% to $28.7 million and operating losses were $4.3 million. The closure of the Florence facility and transition of the business to the Greeneville facility is complete and despite the revenue decline, profitability improved by $1.3 million from the comparable quarter in the prior year.

 

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Table of Contents

Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates (“equity income”) was up $6.9 million, or 31%, from the prior year quarter. WAVE and ArtiFlex were up $1.4 million and $0.9 million respectively. ClarkDietrich was $6.0 million better and still up $2.0 million after excluding the impact of a $4.0 million legal settlement related to successful disparagement litigation against several competitors in an industry trade association. Serviacero fell $800,000 due to falling steel prices and WSP declined $400,000. We received dividends from unconsolidated joint ventures of $18.9 million during the quarter.

Recent Business Developments

 

   

On December 7, 2015, subsequent to quarter-end, the Company completed the acquisition of the global CryoScience business of Taylor Wharton, including a manufacturing facility in Theodore, Alabama, for $31.4 million after adjusting for estimated working capital. The asset purchase was made pursuant to the Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings of Taylor Wharton. The acquired business will be reported within the Pressure Cylinders operating segment.

 

   

During the quarter, the Company repurchased a total of 1,500,000 common shares for $43.9 million at an average price of $29.26.

 

   

On December 16, 2015, the Board of Directors of Worthington Industries, Inc. (the “Board”) declared a quarterly dividend of $0.19 per share payable on March 29, 2016 to shareholders of record on March 15, 2016.

Market & Industry Overview

We sell our products and services to a diverse customer base and a broad range of end markets. The breakdown of our net sales by end market for the second quarter of each of fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 is illustrated in the following chart:

 

 

LOGO

The automotive industry is one of the largest consumers of flat-rolled steel, and thus the largest end market for our Steel Processing operating segment. Approximately 66% of the net sales of our Steel Processing operating segment are to the automotive market. North American vehicle production, primarily by Chrysler, Ford and General Motors (the “Detroit Three automakers”), has a considerable impact on the activity within this operating segment. The majority of the net sales of four of our unconsolidated joint ventures are also to the automotive end market.

Approximately 9% of the net sales of our Steel Processing operating segment, 50% of the net sales of our Engineered Cabs operating segment and substantially all of the net sales of our Construction Services operating segment are to the construction market. The construction market is also the predominant end market for two of our unconsolidated joint ventures: WAVE and ClarkDietrich. While the market price of steel significantly impacts these businesses, there are other key indicators that are meaningful in analyzing construction market demand, including U.S. gross domestic product (“GDP”), the Dodge Index of construction contracts and, in the case of ClarkDietrich, trends in the relative price of framing lumber and steel.

 

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Substantially all of the net sales of our Pressure Cylinders operating segment, and approximately 25% and 50% of the net sales of our Steel Processing and Engineered Cabs operating segments, respectively, are to other markets such as consumer products, industrial, lawn and garden, agriculture, oil and gas equipment, heavy truck, mining, forestry and appliance. Given the many different products that make up these net sales and the wide variety of end markets, it is very difficult to detail the key market indicators that drive these portions of our business. However, we believe that the trend in U.S. GDP growth is a good economic indicator for analyzing these operating segments.

We use the following information to monitor our costs and demand in our major end markets:

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November 30,
 
     2015     2014     Inc /
(Dec)
    2015     2014     Inc /
(Dec)
 

U.S. GDP (% growth year-over-year) 1

     1.0     2.4     -1.4     1.2     2.6     -1.4

Hot-Rolled Steel ($ per ton) 2

   $ 419      $ 651      ($ 232   $ 440      $ 662      ($ 222

Detroit Three Auto Build (000’s vehicles) 3

     2,460        2,350        110        4,778        4,588        190   

No. America Auto Build (000’s vehicles) 3

     4,598        4,485        113        8,989        8,401        588   

Zinc ($ per pound) 4

   $ 0.75      $ 1.04      ($ 0.29   $ 0.82      $ 1.01      ($ 0.19

Natural Gas ($ per mcf) 5

   $ 2.59      $ 3.98      ($ 1.39   $ 2.69      $ 4.30      ($ 1.61

On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices ($ per gallon) 6

   $ 2.50      $ 3.71      ($ 1.21   $ 2.63      $ 3.80      ($ 1.17

 

1 

2014 figures based on revised actuals 2 CRU Hot-Rolled Index; period average 3 IHS Global 4 LME Zinc; period average 5 NYMEX Henry Hub Natural Gas; period average 6 Energy Information Administration; period average

U.S. GDP growth rate trends are generally indicative of the strength in demand and, in many cases, pricing for our products. A year-over-year increase in U.S. GDP growth rates is indicative of a stronger economy, which generally increases demand and pricing for our products. Conversely, decreasing U.S. GDP growth rates generally indicate a weaker economy. Changes in U.S. GDP growth rates can also signal changes in conversion costs related to production and in selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expense.

The market price of hot-rolled steel is one of the most significant factors impacting our selling prices and operating results. When steel prices fall, we typically have higher-priced material flowing through cost of goods sold, while selling prices compress to what the market will bear, negatively impacting our results. On the other hand, in a rising price environment, our results are generally favorably impacted, as lower-priced material purchased in previous periods flows through cost of goods sold, while our selling prices increase at a faster pace to cover current replacement costs.

The following table presents the average quarterly market price per ton of hot-rolled steel during fiscal 2016 (first and second quarters), fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014:

 

(Dollars per ton 1)                                              
     Fiscal Year      Inc / (Dec)  
     2016      2015      2014      2016 vs. 2015     2015 vs. 2014  

1st Quarter

   $ 461       $ 671       $ 627       ($ 210     -31.3   $ 44        7.0

2nd Quarter

   $ 419       $ 651       $ 651       ($ 232     -35.6   $ 0        0.0

3rd Quarter

     N/A       $ 578       $ 669         N/A        N/A      ($ 91     -13.6

4th Quarter

     N/A       $ 464       $ 655         N/A        N/A      ($ 191     -29.2

Annual Avg.

     N/A       $ 591       $ 651         N/A        N/A      ($ 60     -9.2

 

1

CRU Hot-Rolled Index, period average

No single customer contributed more than 10% of our consolidated net sales during the second quarter of fiscal 2016. While our automotive business is largely driven by the production schedules of the Detroit Three automakers, our customer base is much broader and includes other domestic manufacturers and many of their suppliers. During the second quarter of fiscal 2016, overall vehicle production for the Detroit Three automakers was up 5% and North American vehicle production as a whole increased 3%.

 

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Certain other commodities, such as zinc, natural gas and diesel fuel, represent a significant portion of our cost of goods sold, both directly through our plant operations and indirectly through transportation and freight expense.

Results of Operations

Second Quarter - Fiscal 2016 Compared to Fiscal 2015

Consolidated Operations

The following table presents consolidated operating results for the periods indicated:

 

     Three Months Ended November 30,  
(Dollars in millions)    2015      % of
Net sales
    2014      % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

   $ 699.9         100.0   $ 871.0         100.0   $ (171.1

Cost of goods sold

     590.7         84.4     745.8         85.6     (155.1
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Gross margin

     109.2         15.6     125.2         14.4     (16.0

Selling, general and administrative expense

     72.7         10.4     77.3         8.9     (4.6

Impairment of long-lived assets

     23.0         3.3     14.2         1.6     8.8   

Restructuring and other expense

     1.5         0.2     0.5         0.1     1.0   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Operating income

     12.0         1.7     33.2         3.8     (21.2

Miscellaneous income

     1.0         0.1     1.2         0.1     (0.2

Interest expense

     (7.8      -1.1     (9.7      -1.1     1.9   

Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates (1)

     29.2         4.2     22.3         2.6     6.9   

Income tax expense

     (8.8      -1.3     (15.6      -1.8     (6.8
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Net earnings

     25.6         3.7     31.4         3.6     (5.8

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests

     2.4         0.3     1.9         0.2     (0.5
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Net earnings attributable to controlling interest

   $ 23.2         3.3   $ 29.5         3.4   $ (6.3
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

(1)    Equity income by unconsolidated affiliate

            

WAVE

   $ 19.1         $ 17.7         $ 1.4   

ClarkDietrich

     6.4           0.4           6.0   

Serviacero

     0.4           1.2           (0.8

ArtiFlex

     2.6           1.7           0.9   

WSP

     0.7           1.1           (0.4

Other

     -           0.2           (0.2
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Total

   $ 29.2         $ 22.3         $ 6.9   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Net earnings attributable to controlling interest for the three months ended November 30, 2015 decreased $6.3 million from the comparable period in the prior year. Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales decreased $171.1 million from the comparable period in the prior year. The decrease was driven by lower volume in nearly all business segments, combined with lower average selling prices in Steel Processing driven by the market decline in steel prices.

 

   

Gross margin decreased $16.0 million from the comparable period in the prior year on lower volume, partially offset by lower manufacturing expenses and a favorable pricing spread.

 

   

SG&A expense decreased $4.6 million over the comparable prior year period to $72.7 million on lower profit sharing and bonus expense.

 

   

Impairment charges of $23.0 million in the current period related to the impairment of certain long-lived assets in our Oil & Gas Equipment business. For additional information, refer to “Item 1. – Financial Statements – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – NOTE C – Impairment of Long-Lived Assets” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

   

Restructuring and other expense of $1.5 million in the current period consisted of $2.3 million in net restructuring charges in Steel Processing primarily tied to the ongoing closure of PSM ($4.9 million) and a net gain related to the disposal of the remaining fixed assets of our legacy Baltimore steel processing

 

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facility ($3.0 million). The remaining restructuring activity in the current quarter consisted of $1.5 million of gains from the sale of real estate in our legacy metal framing business and $765,000 of facility exit costs related to the closure of the Florence facility in Engineered Cabs.

 

   

Interest expense of $7.8 million was $1.9 million lower than the comparable period in the prior year. The decrease was driven by lower average debt levels, partially due to the lower market price of steel favorably impacting working capital, combined with the repayment of $100 million of unsecured floating rate notes in December 2014.

 

   

Equity income increased $6.9 million from the comparable period in the prior year. WAVE and ArtiFlex were up $1.4 million and $0.9 million, respectively. ClarkDietrich was $6.0 million better and still up $2.0 million after excluding the impact of a $4.0 million legal settlement related to successful disparagement litigation against several competitors in an industry trade association. Serviacero fell $800,000 from falling steel prices and WSP declined $400,000. We received dividends from unconsolidated joint ventures of $18.9 million during the quarter. For additional financial information regarding our unconsolidated affiliates, refer to “Item 1. – Financial Statements – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – NOTE B – Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

   

Income tax expense decreased $6.8 million from the comparable period in the prior year due to lower earnings, primarily resulting from the impact of impairment charges recorded in the current year. The current quarter expense of $8.8 million was calculated using an estimated annual effective income tax rate of 31.2% versus 33.5% in the prior year quarter. Refer to “Item 1. – Financial Statements – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – NOTE K – Income Taxes” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for more information on our tax rates.

Segment Operations

Steel Processing

The following table presents a summary of operating results for our Steel Processing operating segment for the periods indicated:

 

     Three Months Ended November 30,  
(Dollars in millions)    2015      % of
Net sales
    2014      % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

   $ 467.8         100.0   $ 552.8         100.0   $ (85.0

Cost of goods sold

     406.0         86.8     487.6         88.2     (81.6
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Gross margin

     61.8         13.2     65.2         11.8     (3.4

Selling, general and administrative expense

     32.9         7.0     30.2         5.5     2.7   

Impairment of long-lived assets

     -         0.0     1.1         0.2     (1.1

Restructuring and other expense

     2.3         0.5     -         0.0     2.3   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Operating income

   $ 26.6         5.7   $ 33.9         6.1   $ (7.3
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Material cost

   $ 322.5         $ 400.7         $ (78.2

Tons shipped (in thousands)

     828           899           (70

Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales decreased $85.0 million from the comparable period in the prior year on lower volume and lower average selling prices. Declining steel prices led to lower average selling prices, which reduced net sales by $66.7 million. Volume also declined in the current period reducing net sales by an additional $18.3 million as lower tolling volume more than offset contributions from the recent acquisition of Rome Strip Steel. The mix of direct versus toll tons processed was 65% to 35% compared to 60% to 40% in the second quarter of fiscal 2015.

 

   

Operating income decreased $7.3 million from the comparable period in the prior year due primarily to the combined impact of lower volume and a decrease in spread between average selling prices and material cost. However, a $2.6 million credit in material cost related to successful price-fixing litigation against

 

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certain steel mills combined with lower freight costs and contributions from the Rome acquisition led to an increase in gross margin as a percent of sales. Restructuring and other expense in the current quarter consisted primarily of costs related to the ongoing closure of PSM ($4.9 million) and a net gain related to the disposal of the remaining fixed assets of our legacy Baltimore steel processing facility ($3.0 million).

Pressure Cylinders

The following table presents a summary of operating results for our Pressure Cylinders operating segment for the periods indicated:

 

    Three Months Ended November 30,  
(Dollars in millions)   2015     % of
Net sales
    2014     % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

  $ 201.2        100.0   $ 252.7        100.0   $ (51.5

Cost of goods sold

    154.6        76.8     197.2        78.0     (42.6
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Gross margin

    46.6        23.2     55.5        22.0     (8.9

Selling, general and administrative expense

    33.9        16.8     35.9        14.2     (2.0

Impairment of long-lived assets

    23.0        11.4     9.6        3.8     13.4   

Restructuring and other expense

    (0.0     0.0     0.4        0.2     (0.4
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

  $ (10.3     -5.1   $ 9.6        3.8   $ (19.9
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Material cost

  $ 85.5        $ 115.8        $ (30.3

Net sales by principal class of products:

         

Consumer Products

  $ 49.5        $ 51.3        $ (1.8

Industrial Products*

    97.6          99.2          (1.6

Mississippi*

    -          6.3          (6.3

Alternative Fuels

    24.0          22.8          1.2   

Oil & Gas Equipment

    25.0          66.9          (41.9

Cryogenics

    5.1          6.2          (1.1
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Total Pressure Cylinders

  $ 201.2        $ 252.7        $ (51.5
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Units shipped by principal class of products:

         

Consumer Products

    10,523,692          11,240,094          (716,402

Industrial Products*

    5,926,739          6,161,759          (235,020

Mississippi*

    -          1,577,717          (1,577,717

Alternative Fuels

    107,121          107,300          (179

Oil & Gas Equipment

    1,044          2,994          (1,950

Cryogenics

    227          182          45   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Total Pressure Cylinders

    16,558,823          19,090,046          (2,531,223
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

*

Mississippi, an industrial gas facility, was sold in May 2015. It has been broken out so as not to distort the Industrial Products comparisons as the products previously produced at the Mississippi facility have been discontinued.

Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales decreased $51.5 million from the comparable period in the prior year on lower volume, particularly in the Oil & Gas Equipment business where volumes decreased 65%. Volumes in the current quarter were also negatively impacted by the May 2015 disposition of our high-pressure cylinders business in Mississippi.

 

   

Operating income decreased $19.9 million from the comparable period in the prior year as declines in Oil & Gas Equipment more than offset improvements in the Industrial Products and Consumer Products businesses resulting from lower manufacturing costs and an improved product mix. Impairment charges in the current quarter related to the write-off of certain long-lived assets in the Oil & Gas Equipment business.

 

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Engineered Cabs

The following table presents a summary of operating results for our Engineered Cabs operating segment for the periods indicated:

 

     Three Months Ended November 30,  
(Dollars in millions)    2015      % of
Net sales
    2014      % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

   $ 28.7         100.0   $ 51.5         100.0   $ (22.8

Cost of goods sold

     27.4         95.5     47.6         92.4     (20.2
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Gross margin

     1.3         4.5     3.9         7.6     (2.6

Selling, general and administrative expense

     4.9         17.1     7.1         13.8     (2.2

Impairment of long-lived assets

     -         0.0     2.4         4.7     (2.4

Restructuring and other expense

     0.7         2.4     -         0.0     0.7   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Operating loss

   $ (4.3      -15.0   $ (5.6      -10.9   $ 1.3   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Material cost

   $ 13.4         $ 23.7         $ (10.3

Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales decreased $22.8 million from the comparable period in the prior year due to declines in market demand in most lines of business combined with the impact of the January 2015 sale of the assets of Advanced Component Technologies, Inc.

 

   

Operating loss decreased $1.3 million as efficiencies gained from the transition of the Engineered Cabs business from the Florence facility to the Greeneville facility helped to reduce the operating loss.

Other

The Other category includes the Construction Services and WEI operating segments, which do not meet the quantitative thresholds for separate disclosure. Certain income and expense items not allocated to our operating segments are also included in the Other category. The following table presents a summary of operating results for the Other category for the periods indicated:

 

     Three Months Ended November 30,  
(Dollars in millions)    2015      % of
Net sales
    2014      % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

   $ 2.2         100.0   $ 14.0         100.0   $ (11.8

Cost of goods sold

     2.7         122.7     13.4         95.7     (10.7
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Gross margin

     (0.5      -22.7     0.6         4.3     (1.1

Selling, general and administrative expense

     1.1         50.0     4.0         28.6     (2.9

Impairment of long-lived assets

     -         0.0     1.2         8.6     (1.2

Restructuring and other expense (income)

     (1.5      -68.2     0.1         0.7     (1.6
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Operating loss

   $ (0.1      -4.5   $ (4.7      -33.6   $ 4.6   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales decreased $11.8 million from the comparable period in the prior year on lower volume in Construction Services, which the Company is exiting.

 

   

Operating loss of $0.1 million in the current period was driven primarily by losses within Construction Services.

 

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Six Months Year-to-Date - Fiscal 2016 Compared to Fiscal 2015

Consolidated Operations

The following table presents consolidated operating results for the periods indicated:

 

     Six Months Ended November 30,  
(Dollars in millions)    2015     % of
Net sales
    2014     % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

   $ 1,458.0        100.0   $ 1,733.4        100.0   $ (275.4

Cost of goods sold

     1,235.8        84.8     1,478.7        85.3     (242.9
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Gross margin

     222.2        15.2     254.7        14.7     (32.5

Selling, general and administrative expense

     148.6        10.2     152.6        8.8     (4.0

Impairment of long-lived assets

     26.0        1.8     16.2        0.9     9.8   

Restructuring and other expense

     4.6        0.3     0.5        0.0     4.1   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Operating income

     43.0        2.9     85.4        4.9     (42.4

Miscellaneous income

     0.5        0.0     1.5        0.1     (1.0

Interest expense

     (15.7     -1.1     (19.2     -1.1     3.5   

Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates (1)

     55.8        3.8     50.2        2.9     5.6   

Income tax expense

     (23.5     -1.6     (37.7     -2.2     (14.2
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net earnings

     60.1        4.1     80.2        4.6     (20.1

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests

     5.4        0.4     6.6        0.4     1.2   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net earnings attributable to controlling interest

   $ 54.7        3.8   $ 73.6        4.2   $ (18.9
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

(1)    Equity income by unconsolidated affiliate

          

WAVE

   $ 41.2        $ 38.7        $ 2.5   

ClarkDietrich

     9.0          2.2          6.8   

Serviacero

     1.2          3.6          (2.4

ArtiFlex

     4.2          3.2          1.0   

WSP

     1.5          2.1          (0.6

Other

     (1.3       0.4          (1.7
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Total

   $ 55.8        $ 50.2        $ 5.6   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net earnings attributable to controlling interest for the six months ended November 30, 2015 decreased $18.9 million from the comparable period in the prior year. Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales decreased $275.4 million from the comparable period in the prior year. The decrease was driven by lower volume in nearly all business segments, combined with lower average selling prices in Steel Processing driven by the market decline in steel prices and an unfavorable change in product mix in Engineered Cabs.

 

   

Gross margin decreased $32.5 million from the comparable period in the prior year on lower volume and the unfavorable impact of inventory holding losses in Steel Processing in the current period compared to gains in the prior year period. Lower manufacturing expenses partially offset the overall decrease in gross margin.

 

   

SG&A expense decreased $4.0 million from the comparable period in the prior year on lower profit sharing and bonus expense.

 

   

Impairment charges of $26.0 million consisted of $23.0 million related to the impairment of certain long-lived assets in our Oil & Gas Equipment business and $3.0 million related to the September 30, 2015 closure of the Engineered Cabs facility in Florence, South Carolina. For additional information, refer to “Item 1. – Financial Statements – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – NOTE C – Impairment of Long-Lived Assets” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

   

Restructuring and other expense of $4.6 million in the current period consisted of $2.3 million in net restructuring charges in Steel Processing primarily tied to the ongoing closure of PSM ($5.3 million) and a net gain related to the disposal of the remaining fixed assets of our legacy Baltimore steel processing facility ($3.0 million). The remaining restructuring activity in the current quarter consisted of $1.5 million of gains from the sale of real estate in our legacy metal framing business and $2.6 million of severance and facility exit costs related to the closure of the Florence facility in Engineered Cabs.

 

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Interest expense of $15.7 million was $3.5 million lower than the comparable period in the prior year. The decrease was driven by lower average debt levels, partially due to the lower market price of steel favorably impacting working capital, combined with the repayment of $100 million of unsecured floating rate notes in December 2014.

 

   

Equity income increased $5.6 million over the prior year period to $55.8 million on net sales of $793.6 million. The equity portion of income from WAVE, ClarkDietrich and ArtiFlex exceeded the prior year period by $2.5 million, $6.8 million and $1.0 million, respectively, and ClarkDietrich was still up $2.8 million after excluding the impact of a $4.0 million legal settlement related to successful disparagement litigation against several competitors in an industry trade association. These increases were partially offset by $1.7 million of product development expenses related to the alternative fuels business and lower earnings at Serviacero, which fell $2.4 million as a result of declining steel prices. For additional financial information regarding our unconsolidated affiliates, refer to “Item 1. – Financial Statements – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – NOTE B – Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

   

Income tax expense decreased $14.2 million from the comparable period in the prior year due to lower earnings resulting primarily from the impact of impairment charges recorded in the current year. Tax expense of $23.5 million for the six months was calculated using an estimated annual effective rate of 31.2% versus 33.5% in the prior year comparable period. See “Item 1. – Financial Statements – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – NOTE K – Income Taxes” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for more information on our tax rates.

Segment Operations

Steel Processing

The following table presents a summary of operating results for our Steel Processing operating segment for the periods indicated:

 

     Six Months Ended November 30,  
(Dollars in millions)    2015      % of
Net sales
    2014      % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

   $ 958.6         100.0   $ 1,105.1         100.0   $ (146.5

Cost of goods sold

     839.8         87.6     970.2         87.8     (130.4
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Gross margin

     118.8         12.4     134.9         12.2     (16.1

Selling, general and administrative expense

     65.8         6.9     62.2         5.6     3.6   

Impairment of long-lived assets

     -         0.0     3.1         0.3     (3.1

Restructuring and other expense (income)

     2.7         0.3     (0.1      0.0     2.8   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Operating income

   $ 50.3         5.2   $ 69.7         6.3   $ (19.4
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Material cost

   $ 670.8         $ 795.6         $ (124.8

Tons shipped (in thousands)

     1,695           1,804           (109

Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales decreased $146.5 million from the comparable period in the prior year on lower volume and lower average selling prices. Declining steel prices led to lower average selling prices, which reduced net sales by $126.7 million. Volume also declined in the current period reducing net sales by an additional $19.8 million as lower tolling volume more than offset contributions from the recent acquisition of Rome Strip Steel. The mix of direct versus toll tons processed was 64% to 36% compared to 60% to 40% in the comparable period of fiscal 2015.

 

   

Operating income decreased $19.4 million from the comparable period in the prior year due primarily to the combined impact of lower volume and a decrease in spread between average selling prices and material cost and the unfavorable impact of inventory holding losses in Steel Processing in the current period

 

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compared to gains in the prior year period. However, a $2.6 million credit in material cost related to successful price-fixing litigation against certain steel mills led to an increase in gross margin as a percent of sales. Restructuring and other expense in the current period consisted primarily of costs related to the ongoing closure of PSM ($5.3 million) and a net gain related to the disposal of the remaining fixed assets of our legacy Baltimore steel processing facility ($3.0 million). The $3.1 million impairment charge in the prior year period related to the ongoing closure of the PSM facility.

Pressure Cylinders

The following table presents a summary of operating results for our Pressure Cylinders operating segment for the periods indicated:

 

    Six Months Ended November 30,  
(Dollars in millions)   2015     % of
Net sales
    2014     % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

  $ 425.6        100.0   $ 501.7        100.0   $ (76.1

Cost of goods sold

    324.6        76.3     391.6        78.1     (67.0
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Gross margin

    101.0        23.7     110.1        21.9     (9.1

Selling, general and administrative expense

    70.8        16.6     70.9        14.1     (0.1

Impairment of long-lived assets

    23.0        5.4     9.6        1.9     13.4   

Restructuring and other expense

    0.7        0.2     0.4        0.1     0.3   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Operating income

  $ 6.5        1.5   $ 29.2        5.8   $ (22.7
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Material cost

  $ 184.6        $ 234.3        $ (49.7

Net sales by principal class of products:

         

Consumer Products

  $ 104.5        $ 107.0        $ (2.5

Industrial Products*

    202.7          201.3          1.4   

Mississippi*

    -          13.2          (13.2

Alternative Fuels

    48.8          44.6          4.2   

Oil & Gas Equipment

    57.9          124.2          (66.3

Cryogenics

    11.7          11.4          0.3   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Total Pressure Cylinders

  $ 425.6        $ 501.7        $ (76.1
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Units shipped by principal class of products:

         

Consumer Products

    22,501,637          23,586,725          (1,085,088

Industrial Products*

    13,074,691          12,668,561          406,130   

Mississippi*

    -          2,987,407          (2,987,407

Alternative Fuels

    199,077          211,389          (12,312

Oil & Gas Equipment

    2,364          5,981          (3,617

Cryogenics

    464          369          95   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Total Pressure Cylinders

    35,778,233          39,460,432          (3,682,199
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

*

Mississippi, an industrial gas facility, was sold in May 2015. It has been broken out so as not to distort the Industrial Products comparisons as the products previously produced at the Mississippi facility have been discontinued.

Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales decreased $76.1 million over the comparable period in the prior year on lower volume, particularly in the Oil & Gas Equipment business. Volumes in the current quarter were also negatively impacted by the May 2015 disposition of our high-pressure cylinders business in Mississippi.

 

   

Operating income decreased $22.7 million from the comparable period in the prior year as declines in Oil & Gas Equipment more than offset improvements in the Industrial Products and Consumer Products businesses resulting from lower manufacturing costs and an improved product mix. Impairment charges in the current period related to the write-off of certain long-lived assets in the Oil & Gas Equipment business.

 

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Engineered Cabs

The following table presents a summary of operating results for our Engineered Cabs operating segment for the periods indicated: