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Table of Contents

 

 

LOGO

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

 

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended February 28, 2015

OR

 

¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                                to                               

Commission File Number 001-08399

WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Ohio

  

31-1189815

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

200 Old Wilson Bridge Road, Columbus, Ohio

  

43085

(Address of principal executive offices)

   (Zip Code)

 

(614) 438-3210

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Not applicable

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

YES  x    NO   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

YES  x    NO   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

x

  

Accelerated filer

 

¨

Non-accelerated filer

 

¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

  

Smaller reporting company

 

¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

YES  ¨    NO  x

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS:

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the Issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. On March 31, 2015, the number of Common Shares, without par value, issued and outstanding was 65,364,681.


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Safe Harbor Statement

     ii   

Part I. Financial Information

  

Item 1.

   Financial Statements (Unaudited)   
  

Consolidated Balance Sheets –
February 28, 2015 and May 31, 2014

     1   
  

Consolidated Statements of Earnings –
Three and Nine Months Ended February 28, 2015 and 2014

     2   
  

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) –
Three and Nine Months Ended February 28, 2015 and 2014

     3   
  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows –
Three and Nine Months Ended February 28, 2015 and 2014

     4   
  

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     5   

Item 2.

   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      28   

Item 3.

   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      45   

Item 4.

   Controls and Procedures      45   

Part II. Other Information

  

Item 1.

   Legal Proceedings      45   

Item 1A.

   Risk Factors     

45

  

Item 2.

   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds     

46

  

Item 3.

   Defaults Upon Senior Securities (Not applicable)      46   

Item 4.

   Mine Safety Disclosures (Not applicable)      46   

Item 5.

   Other Information (Not applicable)      46   

Item 6.

   Exhibits      47   

Signatures

     48   

Index to Exhibits

     49   

 

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Table of Contents

SAFE HARBOR STATEMENT

Selected statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including, without limitation, in “PART I – Item 2. – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” constitute “forward-looking statements” as that term is used in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “Act”). Forward-looking statements reflect our current expectations, estimates or projections concerning future results or events. These statements are often identified by the use of forward-looking words or phrases such as “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “may,” “could,” “intend,” “estimate,” “plan,” “foresee,” “likely,” “will,” “should” or other similar words or phrases. These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements relating to:

   

outlook, strategy or business plans;

   

the ability to correct performance issues at operations;

   

future or expected growth, forward momentum, performance, sales, volumes, cash flows, earnings, balance sheet strengths, debt, financial condition or other financial measures;

   

projected profitability potential, capacity, and working capital needs;

   

pricing trends for raw materials and finished goods and the impact of pricing changes;

   

anticipated improvements and efficiencies in costs, operations, sales, inventory management, sourcing and the supply chain and the results thereof;

   

the ability to make acquisitions and the projected timing, results, benefits, costs, charges and expenditures related to acquisitions, newly-created joint ventures, headcount reductions and facility dispositions, shutdowns and consolidations;

   

the alignment of operations with demand;

   

the ability to operate profitably and generate cash in down markets;

   

anticipated capital expenditures and asset sales;

   

demand trends for us or our markets;

   

additions to product lines and opportunities to participate in new markets;

   

the ability to maintain margins and capture and maintain market share and to develop or take advantage of future opportunities, customer initiatives, new businesses, new products and new markets;

   

expectations for Company and customer inventories, jobs and orders;

   

expectations for the economy and markets or improvements therein;

   

expected benefits from transformation plans, cost reduction efforts and other new initiatives;

   

expectations for increasing volatility or improving and sustaining earnings, earnings potential, margins or shareholder value;

   

effects of judicial rulings; and

   

other non-historical matters.

Because they are based on beliefs, estimates and assumptions, forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. Any number of factors could affect actual results, including, without limitation, those that follow:

   

the effect of national, regional and worldwide economic conditions generally and within major product markets, including a recurrent slowing economy;

   

the effect of conditions in national and worldwide financial markets;

   

product demand and pricing;

   

fluctuations in the pricing, quality or availability of raw materials (particularly steel), supplies, transportation, utilities and other items required by operations;

   

the ability to realize targeted expense reductions from headcount reductions, facility closures and other cost reduction efforts;

   

effects of facility closures and the consolidation of operations;

   

the effect of financial difficulties, consolidation and other changes within the steel, automotive, oil and gas, construction and other industries in which we participate;

   

failure to maintain appropriate levels of inventories;

   

changes in product mix, product substitution and market acceptance of our products;

   

financial difficulties (including bankruptcy filings) of original equipment manufacturers, end-users and customers, suppliers, joint venture partners and others with whom we do business;

   

the ability to realize other cost savings and operational, sales and sourcing improvements and efficiencies, and other expected benefits from transformation initiatives, on a timely basis;

   

the overall success of, and the ability to integrate, newly-acquired businesses and joint ventures, maintain and develop their customers, and achieve synergies and other expected benefits and cost savings therefrom;

 

ii


Table of Contents
   

capacity levels and efficiencies, within facilities, within major product markets and within the industry as a whole;

   

the effect of disruption in the business of suppliers, customers, facilities and shipping operations due to adverse weather, casualty events, equipment breakdowns, acts of war or terrorist activities or other causes;

   

changes in customer demand, inventories, spending patterns, product choices, and supplier choices;

   

risks associated with doing business internationally, including economic, political and social instability, foreign currency exposure and the acceptance of our products in these markets;

   

the ability to improve and maintain processes and business practices to keep pace with the economic, competitive and technological environment;

   

the outcome of adverse claims experience with respect to workers’ compensation, product recalls or product liability, casualty events or other matters;

   

deviation of actual results from estimates and/or assumptions used by us in the application of our significant accounting policies;

   

level of imports and import prices in our markets;

   

the impact of the outcome of judicial rulings and governmental regulations, both in the United States and abroad, including those adopted by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission and other governmental agencies as contemplated by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010;

   

the effect of changes to healthcare laws in the United States, which may increase our healthcare and other costs and negatively impact our consolidated financial results and operations; and

   

other risks described from time to time in our filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, including those described in “PART I – Item 1A. — Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2014, as well as in “Part II – Item 1A. — Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

We note these factors for investors as contemplated by the Act. It is impossible to predict or identify all potential risk factors. Consequently, you should not consider the foregoing list to be a complete set of all potential risks and uncertainties. Any forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are based on current information as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and we assume no obligation to correct or update any such statements in the future, except as required by applicable law.

 

iii


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. – Financial Statements

WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

     February 28,
2015
     May 31,
2014
 

Assets

     

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 42,468       $ 190,079   

Receivables, less allowances of $2,838 and $3,043 at February 28, 2015 and May 31, 2014, respectively

     495,861         493,127   

Inventories:

     

Raw materials

     230,507         213,173   

Work in process

     135,759         105,872   

Finished products

     111,831         90,957   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total inventories

     478,097         410,002   

Income taxes receivable

     8,440         5,438   

Assets held for sale

     24,560         32,235   

Deferred income taxes

     24,832         24,272   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     51,672         43,769   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current assets

     1,125,930         1,198,922   

Investments in unconsolidated affiliates

     195,788         179,113   

Goodwill

     240,738         251,093   

Other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $42,906 and $35,506 at February 28, 2015 and May 31, 2014, respectively

     126,558         145,993   

Other assets

     20,697         22,399   

Property, plant & equipment:

     

Land

     16,148         15,260   

Buildings and improvements

     214,541         213,848   

Machinery and equipment

     866,928         848,889   

Construction in progress

     43,157         32,135   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total property, plant & equipment

     1,140,774         1,110,132   

Less: accumulated depreciation

     629,084         611,271   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

     511,690         498,861   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 2,221,401       $ 2,296,381   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities and equity

     

Current liabilities:

     

Accounts payable

   $ 386,408       $ 333,744   

Short-term borrowings

     123,054         10,362   

Accrued compensation, contributions to employee benefit plans and related taxes

     67,273         78,514   

Dividends payable

     12,850         11,044   

Other accrued items

     58,627         49,873   

Income taxes payable

     2,920         4,953   

Current maturities of long-term debt

     835         101,173   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     651,967         589,663   

Other liabilities

     55,744         76,426   

Distributions in excess of investment in unconsolidated affiliate

     63,933         59,287   

Long-term debt

     575,968         554,790   

Deferred income taxes

     22,116         71,333   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     1,369,728         1,351,499   

Shareholders’ equity — controlling interest

     760,740         850,812   

Noncontrolling interest

     90,933         94,070   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total equity

     851,673         944,882   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 2,221,401       $ 2,296,381   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
    Nine Months Ended
February 28,
 
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

Net sales

   $ 804,785      $ 773,230      $ 2,538,211      $ 2,235,421   

Cost of goods sold

     706,294        650,743        2,184,990        1,873,738   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross margin

     98,491        122,487        353,221        361,683   

Selling, general and administrative expense

     66,764        75,680        219,327        225,615   

Impairment of goodwill and long-lived assets

     81,600        -        97,785        35,375   

Restructuring and other expense (income)

     2,093        1,398        2,491        (3,781

Joint venture transactions

     84        120        274        1,048   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

     (52,050     45,289        33,344        103,426   

Other income (expense):

        

Miscellaneous income

     213        488        1,756        13,897   

Interest expense

     (8,381     (6,196     (27,573     (18,694

Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates

     18,800        21,186        69,043        69,223   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) before income taxes

     (41,418     60,767        76,570        167,852   

Income tax expense (benefit)

     (18,173     16,556        19,540        38,948   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss)

     (23,245     44,211        57,030        128,904   

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest

     2,465        3,608        9,110        10,767   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss) attributable to controlling interest

   $ (25,710   $ 40,603      $ 47,920      $ 118,137   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic

        

Average common shares outstanding

     66,359        68,895        67,013        69,268   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per share attributable to controlling interest

   $ (0.39   $ 0.59      $ 0.72      $ 1.71   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

        

Average common shares outstanding

     66,359        71,528        69,301        71,910   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per share attributable to controlling interest

   $ (0.39   $ 0.57      $ 0.69      $ 1.64   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common shares outstanding at end of period

     65,078        68,302        65,078        68,302   

Cash dividends declared per share

   $ 0.18      $ 0.15      $ 0.54      $ 0.45   

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28.
    Nine Months Ended
February 28,
 
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

Net earnings (loss)

   $ (23,245   $ 44,211      $ 57,030      $ 128,904   

Other comprehensive income (loss):

        

Foreign currency translation

     (14,873     3,043        (31,735     5,594   

Pension liability adjustment, net of tax

     (701     450        (701     450   

Cash flow hedges, net of tax

     (9,538     (94     (10,458     3,610   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

     (25,112     3,399        (42,894     9,654   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

     (48,357     47,610        14,136        138,558   

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest

     1,626        4,057        6,657        10,515   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to controlling interest

   $ (49,983   $ 43,553      $ 7,479      $ 128,043   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
    Nine Months Ended
February 28,
 
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

Operating activities

        

Net earnings (loss)

   $ (23,245   $ 44,211      $ 57,030      $ 128,904   

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

        

Depreciation and amortization

     21,762        20,208        63,329        59,763   

Impairment of long-lived assets

     81,600        -        97,785        35,375   

Provision for deferred income taxes

     (35,334     1,278        (41,361     (20,256

Bad debt income

     (46     (134     (106     (430

Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates, net of distributions

     (571     1,048        (8,374     (8,373

Net loss (gain) on sale of assets and insurance

     3,047        990        3,481        (10,860

Stock-based compensation

     4,058        4,705        12,911        13,207   

Excess tax benefits - stock-based compensation

     (663     (1,462     (6,416     (7,294

Gain on previously held interest in TWB

     -        -        -        (11,000

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of impact of acquisitions:

        

Receivables

     5,078        (30,228     10,914        (14,999

Inventories

     (8,795     (38,260     (43,925     (59,583

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     (3,078     2,429        (11,182     4,136   

Other assets

     2,415        (762     5,631        (187

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

     40,260        91,485        10,055        108,185   

Other liabilities

     (3,612     1,316        (10,108     4,019   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     82,876        96,824        139,664        220,607   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investing activities

        

Investment in property, plant and equipment

     (26,119     (21,743     (73,265     (52,157

Investment in notes receivable

     -        -        (7,300     -   

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

     (54,389     (35,599     (105,482     17,634   

Distributions from (investments in) unconsolidated affiliates

     (4,559     -        (8,230     9,223   

Proceeds from sale of assets and insurance

     3,521        580        3,813        24,313   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used by investing activities

     (81,546     (56,762     (190,464     (987
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Financing activities

        

Net proceeds from (repayments of) short-term borrowings

     112,285        (8,347     112,644        (78,624

Proceeds from long-term debt

     5,916        -        26,396        -   

Principal payments on long-term debt

     (101,832     (286     (102,645     (855

Proceeds from (payments for) issuance of common shares

     2,081        (1,241     1,627        5,246   

Excess tax benefits - stock-based compensation

     663        1,462        6,416        7,294   

Payments to noncontrolling interest

     (9,200     (36,512     (12,067     (39,150

Repurchase of common shares

     (52,795     (40,762     (94,415     (91,078

Dividends paid

     (12,517     (10,545     (34,767     (20,952
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used by financing activities

     (55,399     (96,231     (96,811     (218,119
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (54,069     (56,169     (147,611     1,501   

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     96,537        109,055        190,079        51,385   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 42,468      $ 52,886      $ 42,468      $ 52,886   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

NOTE A – Basis of Presentation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Worthington Industries, Inc. and consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, “we,” “our,” “Worthington,” or the “Company”). Investments in unconsolidated affiliates are accounted for using the equity method. Significant intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated.

dHybrid Systems, LLC (“dHybrid”), Spartan Steel Coating, LLC (“Spartan”), TWB Company, L.L.C. (“TWB”), Worthington Arıtaş Basınçlı Kaplar Sanayi (“Worthington Aritas”), Worthington Energy Innovations, LLC (“WEI”), and Worthington Nitin Cylinders Limited (“Worthington Nitin Cylinders”) in which we own controlling interests of 79.59%, 52%, 55%, 75%, 75%, and 60%, respectively, are consolidated with the equity owned by the other joint venture members shown as noncontrolling interest in our consolidated balance sheets, and the other joint venture members’ portions of net earnings and other comprehensive income (loss) shown as net earnings or comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest in our consolidated statements of earnings and consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss), respectively.

These unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, which are of a normal and recurring nature, except those which have been disclosed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations of these interim periods, have been included. Operating results for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending May 31, 2015 (“fiscal 2015”). For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2014 (“fiscal 2014”) of Worthington Industries, Inc. (the “2014 Form 10-K”).

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In March 2013, amended accounting guidance was issued regarding the accounting for cumulative translation adjustment. The amended guidance specifies that a cumulative translation adjustment should be recorded to earnings when an entity ceases to have a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary or a group of assets within a consolidated foreign entity and the sale or transfer results in the complete or substantially complete liquidation of the foreign entity. For sales of an equity method investment that is a foreign entity, a pro rata portion of the cumulative translation adjustment attributable to the investment would be recognized in earnings upon sale of the investment. The amended guidance is effective prospectively for annual reporting periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2013. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this amended accounting guidance on June 1, 2014 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

In May 2014, amended accounting guidance was issued that replaces most existing revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP. The amended guidance requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The amended guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period. Early application is not permitted. We are in the process of evaluating the effect this guidance will have on our consolidated financial position and results of operations. The amended guidance permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. We have not selected a transition method nor have we determined the effect of the amended guidance on our ongoing financial reporting.

 

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NOTE B – Inventory

Due to the recent severe decline in steel pricing, the replacement cost of our inventory was lower than what was reflected in our records at February 28, 2015. Accordingly, we recorded a lower of cost or market adjustment during the third quarter of fiscal 2015 totaling $5,115,000 to reflect this lower value. The entire amount related to our Steel Processing operating segment and was recorded in cost of goods sold.

NOTE C – Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates

Our investments in affiliated companies that we do not control, either through majority ownership or otherwise, are accounted for using the equity method. These include ArtiFlex Manufacturing, LLC (“ArtiFlex”) (50%), Clarkwestern Dietrich Building Systems LLC (“ClarkDietrich”) (25%), Samuel Steel Pickling Company (31.25%), Serviacero Planos, S. de R. L. de C.V. (“Serviacero”) (50%), Worthington Armstrong Venture (“WAVE”) (50%), Worthington Specialty Processing (“WSP”) (51%), and Zhejiang Nisshin Worthington Precision Specialty Steel Co., Ltd. (10%). WSP is considered to be jointly controlled and not consolidated due to substantive participating rights of the minority partner.

We received distributions from unconsolidated affiliates totaling $61,239,000 during the nine months ended February 28, 2015. We have received cumulative distributions from WAVE in excess of our investment balance totaling $63,933,000 at February 28, 2015. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, these excess distributions are reclassified to the liabilities section of our consolidated balance sheet. We will continue to record our equity in the net income of WAVE as a debit to the investment account, and if it becomes positive, it will again be shown as an asset on our consolidated balance sheet. If it becomes obvious that any excess distribution may not be returned (upon joint venture liquidation or otherwise), we will recognize any balance classified as a liability as income immediately.

We use the “cumulative earnings” approach for determining cash flow presentation of distributions from our unconsolidated joint ventures. Distributions received are included in our consolidated statements of cash flows as operating activities, unless the cumulative distributions exceed our portion of the cumulative equity in the net earnings of the joint venture, in which case the excess distributions are deemed to be returns of the investment and are classified as investing activities in our consolidated statements of cash flows. During the nine months ended February 28, 2015, we received excess distributions from ClarkDietrich of $570,000.

 

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Combined financial information for our unconsolidated affiliates is summarized as follows:

 

(in thousands)    February 28,
2015
     May 31,
2014
 

Cash

   $ 48,422       $ 52,997   

Receivable from member (1)

     10,865         12,717   

Other current assets

     462,631         454,417   

Noncurrent assets

     286,170         294,001   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 808,088       $ 814,132   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Current liabilities

   $ 131,216       $ 128,595   

Short-term borrowings

     38,324         40,992   

Current maturities of long-term debt

     4,480         4,510   

Long-term debt

     264,982         268,350   

Other noncurrent liabilities

     20,407         20,217   

Equity

     348,679         351,468   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 808,088       $ 814,132   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
     Nine Months Ended
February 28,
 
(in thousands)    2015      2014      2015      2014  

Net sales

   $ 356,604       $ 340,645       $ 1,137,866       $ 1,121,362   

Gross margin

     67,636         73,217         232,580         239,098   

Operating income

     41,335         48,752         154,678         164,824   

Depreciation and amortization

     8,827         8,622         26,932         28,063   

Interest expense

     2,157         2,494         6,492         6,950   

Income tax expense

     2,555         2,937         8,107         8,829   

Net earnings

     37,859         44,018         141,789         149,801   

 

 

(1)

Represents cash owed from a joint venture member as a result of centralized cash management.

The financial results of TWB have been included in the amounts presented in the tables above through July 31, 2013. On July 31, 2013, we completed the acquisition of an additional 10% interest in TWB. As a result, TWB’s results have been consolidated within Steel Processing since that date with the minority member’s portion of earnings eliminated within earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest.

NOTE D – Impairment of Goodwill and Long-Lived Assets

During the third quarter of fiscal 2015, the Company concluded that an interim impairment test of the goodwill of its Engineered Cabs reporting unit was necessary. This conclusion was based on certain indicators of impairment, including the decision to close the Company’s Engineered Cabs’ facility in Florence, South Carolina, and significant downward revisions to forecasted cash flows as a result of continued weakness in the mining and agricultural end markets and higher than expected manufacturing costs. The Company expects to incur approximately $3,000,000 of severance expense associated with the facility closure. This amount will be recognized as restructuring expense ratably over the future service period.

Prior to conducting the goodwill impairment test, the Company first evaluated the other long-lived assets of the Engineered Cabs reporting unit for recoverability. Recoverability was tested using future cash flow projections based on management’s long-range estimates of market conditions. The sums of the undiscounted future cash flows for the customer relationship intangible asset and the property, plant and equipment of the Florence facility were less than their respective carrying values. As a result, these assets were written down to their respective fair values, resulting in impairment charges of $22,356,000 for the customer relationship intangible asset and $14,311,000 for the property, plant and equipment of the Florence asset group during the third quarter of fiscal 2015.

As noted above, the Company determined that indicators of potential impairment existed to require an interim goodwill analysis of the Engineered Cabs reporting unit. A comparison of the fair value of the Engineered Cabs

 

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reporting unit, determined using discounted cash flows, to its carrying value indicated that a step 2 calculation to quantify the potential impairment was required. After a subsequent review of the fair value of the net assets of Engineered Cabs, it was determined that the implied fair value of goodwill was $0 and as a result the entire $44,933,000 goodwill balance was written-off during the third quarter of fiscal 2015. The key assumptions that drive the fair value calculations are projected cash flows and the discount rate.

During the second quarter of fiscal 2015, management committed to a plan to sell the assets of the Advanced Component Technologies, Inc. business within Engineered Cabs. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, the net assets were recorded at the lower of net book value or fair value less costs to sell, resulting in an impairment charge of $2,389,000. During the third quarter of fiscal 2015, the Company completed the sale of this business and recognized a gain of $313,000.

During the second quarter of fiscal 2015, we determined that indicators of impairment were present at the Company’s aluminum high-pressure cylinder business in New Albany, Mississippi, due to current and projected operating losses. Recoverability of the identified asset group was tested using future cash flow projections based on management’s long-range estimates of market conditions. The sum of these undiscounted future cash flows was less than the net book value of the asset group. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, the net assets were written down to their fair value, resulting in an impairment charge of $3,221,000.

During the second quarter of fiscal 2015, we determined that indicators of impairment were present at the Company’s military construction business. Recoverability of the identified asset group was tested using future cash flow projections based on management’s long-range estimates of market conditions. The sum of these undiscounted future cash flows was less than the net book value of the asset group. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, the net assets were written down to their fair value, resulting in an impairment charge of $1,179,000, which represents the remaining book value of the asset group.

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014, management committed to a plan to sell the Company’s 60%-owned consolidated joint venture in India, Worthington Nitin Cylinders. As all of the criteria for classification as assets held for sale were met, the net assets of the business were presented separately as assets held for sale in our consolidated balance sheet as of May 31, 2014. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, the net assets were recorded at the lower of net book value or fair value less costs to sell as of May 31, 2014. As a result of changes in facts and circumstances related to the planned sale of Worthington Nitin Cylinders during the second quarter of fiscal 2015, the Company reassessed the fair value of the business and determined that the remaining book value should be written off resulting in an impairment charge of $6,346,000.

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014, management committed to a plan to sell certain non-core Steel Processing assets. As all of the criteria for classification as assets held for sale were met, the net assets of the business have been presented separately as assets held for sale in our consolidated balance sheets as of February 28, 2015 and May 31, 2014. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, the net assets were recorded at the lower of net book value or fair value less costs to sell as of May 31, 2014. As a result of changes in facts and circumstances related to the planned sale, the Company reassessed the fair value of the business resulting in additional impairment charges totaling $3,050,000 during fiscal 2015.

NOTE E – Restructuring and Other Expense

In fiscal 2008, we initiated a Transformation Plan (the “Transformation Plan”) with the overall goal to improve our sustainable earnings potential, asset utilization and operational performance. The Transformation Plan focuses on cost reduction, margin expansion and organizational capability improvements and, in the process, seeks to drive excellence in three core competencies: sales; operations; and supply chain management. Most of the work is now being done by our internal teams. These internal teams are now an integral part of our business. The Transformation teams will continue to monitor performance metrics and new processes instituted across our transformed operations and drive continuous improvements in all areas of our operations. The expenses related to these teams have been included in selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expense since the beginning of fiscal 2013.

To date, we have completed the transformation phases in each of the core facilities within our Steel Processing operating segment, including the facilities of our Mexican joint venture, Serviacero. We also substantially completed the transformation phases at our metal framing facilities prior to their contribution to ClarkDietrich. Transformation efforts within our Pressure Cylinders and Engineered Cabs operating segments, which began during the first quarter of fiscal 2012 and the first quarter of fiscal 2013, respectively, are ongoing.

 

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A progression of the liabilities associated with our restructuring activities, combined with a reconciliation to the restructuring and other expense financial statement caption in our consolidated statement of earnings for the nine months ended February 28, 2015 is summarized as follows:

 

(in thousands)    Beginning
Balance
     Expense     Payments     Adjustments      Ending
Balance
 

Early retirement and severance

   $ 6,495       $ 2,169      $ (5,313   $ 46       $ 3,397   

Facility exit and other costs

     534         909        (1,203     79         319   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 7,029         3,078      $ (6,516   $ 125       $ 3,716   
  

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gain on asset disposal

        (313       

Less: joint venture transactions

        (274       
     

 

 

        

Restructuring and other expense

      $ 2,491          
     

 

 

        

Severance expense in the current year consisted primarily of $2,291,000 recognized in connection with the recently announced workforce reductions in our oil and gas equipment business within Pressure Cylinders.

Approximately $3,552,000 of the total liability as of February 28, 2015 is expected to be paid in the next twelve months. The remaining liability will be paid through September 2016.

NOTE F – Contingent Liabilities

We are defendants in certain legal actions. In the opinion of management, the outcome of these actions, which is not clearly determinable at the present time, would not significantly affect our consolidated financial position or future results of operations. We believe that environmental issues will not have a material effect on our capital expenditures, consolidated financial position or future results of operations.

Insurance Recoveries

On August 19, 2013, a fire occurred at our Pressure Cylinders facility in Kienberg, Austria, in the building that houses the massing process in the production of acetylene cylinders. The other portions of the Austrian facility were not damaged; however, the massing process building sustained extensive damage and was rendered inoperable. Additionally, we have incurred incremental business interruption costs. The Company has business interruption and property damage insurance and, as a result, the fire did not have a material adverse impact on the Company’s consolidated financial results.

During fiscal 2015, the Company received proceeds of $1,248,000 representing advance payments for the replacement value of damaged equipment. These proceeds were in excess of the $243,000 remaining book value of the assets, resulting in a gain of $1,005,000 within miscellaneous income.

Total proceeds received related to insurance claims since the date of loss have been as follows:

 

(in thousands)       

Property and equipment

   $ 6,892   

Business interruption

     5,521   

Other expenses

     1,001   
  

 

 

 

Total insurance proceeds

   $ 13,414   
  

 

 

 

The proceeds for business interruption relate to the loss of profits since the date of the fire and have been recorded as a reduction of manufacturing expense, including $2,653,000 during the nine months ended February 28, 2015. The proceeds for other expenses represent reimbursement for incremental expenses related to the fire and were recorded as an offset to manufacturing expense, including $256,000 during the nine months ended February 28, 2015. This claim was settled during the third quarter of fiscal 2015.

NOTE G – Guarantees

We do not have guarantees that we believe are reasonably likely to have a material current or future effect on our consolidated financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources. However, as of February 28, 2015, we were party to an operating

 

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lease for an aircraft in which we have guaranteed a residual value at the termination of the lease. The maximum obligation under the terms of this guarantee was approximately $12,036,000 at February 28, 2015. We have also guaranteed the repayment of a $2,083,000 term loan entered into by one of our unconsolidated affiliates, ArtiFlex. Based on current facts and circumstances, we have estimated the likelihood of payment pursuant to these guarantees, and determined that the fair value of our obligation under each guarantee based on those likely outcomes is not material and, therefore, no amounts have been recognized in our consolidated financial statements.

NOTE H – Debt and Receivables Securitization

On September 26, 2014, our consolidated joint venture in Turkey, Worthington Aritas, executed a $28,605,000 five-year term loan credit facility denominated in Euros. As of February 28, 2015, we had borrowed $23,432,000 against the facility, leaving $5,173,000 available for future borrowings. The facility bears interest at a variable rate based on EURIBOR. The applicable variable rate was 1.569% at February 28, 2015. On October 15, 2014, we entered into an interest rate swap to fix the interest rate on $17,131,000 of borrowings under this facility at 2.015% starting on December 26, 2014 through September 26, 2019. Borrowings against the facility will be used for the construction of a new cryogenics manufacturing facility in Turkey.

We have a $425,000,000 multi-year revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) with a group of lenders that matures in May 2017. Borrowings under the Credit Facility have maturities of less than one year. However, we can extend the term of amounts borrowed by renewing these borrowings for the term of the Credit Facility. We have the option to borrow at rates equal to an applicable margin over the LIBOR, Prime or Fed Funds rates. The applicable margin is determined by our credit rating. The applicable interest rate at February 28, 2015 was 1.23%. Borrowings outstanding under the Credit Facility totaled $33,840,000 at February 28, 2015, leaving $391,160,000 available for future use. We are currently in the process of amending the Credit Facility, which we expect to be completed during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015.

We also maintain a $100,000,000 revolving trade accounts receivable securitization facility (the “AR Facility”). The AR Facility has been available throughout fiscal 2015 to date, and was available throughout fiscal 2014. During the third quarter of fiscal 2015, we extended the maturity under the AR Facility to January 2018. Pursuant to the terms of the AR Facility, certain of our subsidiaries sell their accounts receivable without recourse, on a revolving basis, to Worthington Receivables Corporation (“WRC”), a wholly-owned, consolidated, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary. In turn, WRC may sell without recourse, on a revolving basis, up to $100,000,000 of undivided ownership interests in this pool of accounts receivable to a multi-seller, asset-backed commercial paper conduit (the “Conduit”). Purchases by the Conduit are financed with the sale of A1/P1 commercial paper. We retain an undivided interest in this pool and are subject to risk of loss based on the collectability of the receivables from this retained interest. Because the amount eligible to be sold excludes receivables more than 90 days past due, receivables offset by an allowance for doubtful accounts due to bankruptcy or other cause, concentrations over certain limits with specific customers and certain reserve amounts, we believe additional risk of loss is minimal. The book value of the retained portion of the pool of accounts receivable approximates fair value. As of February 28, 2015, the pool of eligible accounts receivable exceeded the $100,000,000 limit, and $80,000,000 of undivided interests in this pool of accounts receivable had been sold.

Short-term borrowings at February 28, 2015 also included $3,305,000 outstanding under a credit facility maintained by our consolidated affiliate, Worthington Aritas, that matures in May 2015 and bears interest at a fixed rate of 5.55%, and $5,909,000 outstanding under a $9,500,000 credit facility maintained by our consolidated affiliate, Worthington Nitin Cylinders, that matured in November 2014 and bears interest at a variable rate. The applicable variable rate was 9.05% at February 28, 2015. The borrowings outstanding under the Nitin credit facility are currently in default; however, the lender has not called the note.

 

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NOTE I – Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The following table summarizes the tax effects on each component of other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended February 28, 2015 and 2014:

 

     2015     2014  
     Before-Tax
Amount
    Tax Benefit      Net-of-Tax
Amount
    Before-Tax
Amount
    Tax Expense     Net-of-Tax
Amount
 
(in thousands)                                      

Foreign currency translation

     (14,873   $ -       $ (14,873   $ 3,043        -      $ 3,043   

Pension liability adjustment

     (1,072     371         (701     691        (241     450   

Cash flow hedges

     (15,253     5,715         (9,538     (62     (32     (94
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss )

   $ (31,198   $ 6,086       $ (25,112   $   3,672      $     (273   $ 3,399   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the tax effects on each component of other comprehensive income (loss) for the nine months ended February 28, 2015 and 2014:

 

     2015     2014  
     Before-Tax
Amount
    Tax Benefit      Net-of-Tax
Amount
    Before-Tax
Amount
     Tax Expense     Net-of-Tax
Amount
 
(in thousands)                                       

Foreign currency translation

   $ (31,735   $ -       $ (31,735   $ 5,594       $ -      $ 5,594   

Pension liability adjustment

     (1,072     371         (701     691         (241     450   

Cash flow hedges

     (16,683     6,225         (10,458     5,419         (1,809     3,610   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

   $ (49,490   $ 6,596       $ (42,894   $ 11,704       $ (2,050   $ 9,654   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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NOTE J – Changes in Equity

The following table provides a summary of the changes in total equity, shareholders’ equity attributable to controlling interest, and equity attributable to noncontrolling interest for the nine months ended February 28, 2015:

 

     Controlling Interest              
(in thousands)    Additional
Paid-in
Capital
    Cumulative
Other
Comprehensive
Loss,
Net of Tax
    Retained
Earnings
    Total     Non-
controlling
Interest
    Total  

Balance at May 31, 2014

   $ 262,610      $ (3,581   $ 591,783      $ 850,812      $ 94,070      $ 944,882   

Net earnings

     -        -        47,920        47,920        9,110        57,030   

Other comprehensive loss

     -        (40,441     -        (40,441     (2,453     (42,894

Common shares issued, net of withholding tax

     1,627        -        -        1,627        -        1,627   

Common shares in NQ plans

     14,323        -        -        14,323        -        14,323   

Stock-based compensation

     21,344        -        -        21,344        -        21,344   

Purchases and retirement of common shares

     (13,007     -        (85,278     (98,285     -        (98,285

Cash dividends declared

     -        -        (36,560     (36,560     -        (36,560

Acquisition of dHybrid Systems, LLC

     -        -        -        -        4,082        4,082   

Payments to noncontrolling interest

     -        -        -        -        (13,876     (13,876
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at February 28, 2015

   $ 286,897      $ (44,022   $ 517,865      $ 760,740      $ 90,933      $ 851,673   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The components of the changes in other comprehensive loss for the nine months ended February 28, 2015, were as follows:

 

     Foreign
Currency
Translation
    Pension
Liability
Adjustment
    Cash
Flow
Hedges
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
(in thousands)                         

Balance as of May 31, 2014

   $ 11,015      $ (11,265   $ (3,331   $ (3,581

Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications

     (29,281     (1,072     (19,742     (50,095

Reclassification adjustments to income (a)

     -        -        3,058        3,058   

Income taxes

     -        371        6,225        6,596   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of February 28, 2015

   $ (18,266   $ (11,966   $ (13,790   $ (44,022
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(a)

The statement of earnings classification of amounts reclassified to income for cash flow hedges is disclosed in “NOTE P – Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities.”

NOTE K – Stock-Based Compensation

Non-Qualified Stock Options

During the nine months ended February 28, 2015, we granted non-qualified stock options covering a total of 96,200 common shares under our stock-based compensation plans. The option price of $43.04 per share was equal to the market price of the underlying common shares at the grant date. The fair value of these stock options, based on the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, calculated at the grant date, was $17.96 per share. The calculated pre-tax stock-based compensation expense for these stock options, after an estimate for forfeitures, is $1,538,000 and will be recognized on a straight-line basis over the three-year vesting period. The following assumptions were used to value these stock options:

 

Dividend yield

     1.88

Expected volatility

     50.92

Risk-free interest rate

     1.88

Expected term (years)

     6.0   

Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of our common shares and the risk-free interest rate is based on the United States Treasury strip rate for the expected term of the stock options. The expected term was developed using historical exercise experience.

 

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Service-Based Restricted Common Shares

During the nine months ended February 28, 2015, we granted an aggregate of 237,815 service-based restricted common shares under our stock-based compensation plans. The fair values of these restricted common shares were equal to the weighted average closing market prices of the underlying common shares on the respective dates of grant, or $40.18 per share. The calculated pre-tax stock-based compensation expense for these restricted common shares, after an estimate for forfeitures, is $8,596,000 and will be recognized on a straight-line basis over the three-year service-based vesting period.

Market-Based Restricted Common Shares

During the nine months ended February 28, 2015, we granted an aggregate of 50,000 restricted common shares to two key employees under one of our stock-based compensation plans. Vesting of these restricted common share awards is contingent upon the price of our common shares reaching $60.00 per share and remaining at or above that price for 30 consecutive days during the five-year period following the date of grant and the completion of a five-year service vesting period. The grant-date fair value of these restricted common shares, as determined by a Monte Carlo simulation model, was $32.06 per share. The Monte Carlo simulation model is a statistical technique that incorporates multiple assumptions to determine the probability that the market condition will be achieved. The following assumptions were used to determine the grant-date fair value and the derived service period for these restricted common shares:

 

Dividend yield

     1.60

Expected volatility

     44.00

Risk-free interest rate

     1.70

The calculated pre-tax stock-based compensation expense for these restricted common shares is $1,603,000 and will be recognized on a straight-line basis over the five-year service vesting period.

Performance Share Awards

We have awarded performance shares to certain key employees that are earned based on the level of achievement with respect to corporate targets for cumulative corporate economic value added, earnings per share growth and, in the case of business unit executives, business unit operating income targets for the three-year periods ending May 31, 2015, 2016 and 2017. These performance share awards will be paid, to the extent earned, in common shares of the Company in the fiscal quarter following the end of the applicable three-year performance period. The fair values of our performance shares are determined by the closing market prices of the underlying common shares at their respective grant dates and the pre-tax stock-based compensation expense is based on our periodic assessment of the probability of the targets being achieved and our estimate of the number of common shares that will ultimately be issued. During the nine months ended February 28, 2015, we granted performance share awards covering an aggregate of 61,500 common shares (at target levels). The calculated pre-tax stock-based compensation expense for these performance shares is $2,627,000 and will be recognized over the three-year performance period.

NOTE L – Income Taxes

Income tax expense for the nine months ended February 28, 2015 and February 28, 2014 reflected estimated annual effective income tax rates of 30.9% and 27.3%, respectively. The annual effective income tax rates exclude any impact from the inclusion of net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests in our consolidated statements of earnings. Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest is a result of our Spartan, TWB, Worthington Aritas, WEI, dHybrid, and Worthington Nitin Cylinders consolidated joint ventures. The earnings attributable to the noncontrolling interest in Spartan, WEI, dHybrid and TWB’s U.S. operations do not generate tax expense to Worthington since the investors in Spartan, WEI, dHybrid, and TWB’s U.S. operations are taxed directly based on the earnings attributable to them. All of the tax expense of Worthington Aritas and Worthington Nitin Cylinders, both foreign corporations, is reported in our consolidated tax expense. Since the consolidation of TWB on July 31, 2013, all of the tax expense of TWB’s wholly-owned foreign corporations has been reported in our consolidated tax expense. Management is required to estimate the annual effective income tax rate based upon its forecast of annual pre-tax income for domestic and foreign operations. Our actual effective income tax rate for fiscal 2015 could be materially different from the forecasted rate as of February 28, 2015.

 

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NOTE M – Earnings (Loss) Per Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to controlling interest for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2015 and 2014:

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
     Nine Months Ended
February 28,
 
(in thousands, except per share amounts)    2015      2014      2015      2014  

Numerator (basic & diluted):

           

Net earnings (loss) attributable to controlling interest – income (loss) available to common shareholders

   $ (25,710    $ 40,603       $ 47,920       $ 118,137   

Denominator:

           

Denominator for basic earnings (loss) per share attributable to controlling interest – weighted average common shares

     66,359         68,895         67,013         69,268   

Effect of dilutive securities

     -         2,633         2,288         2,642   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator for diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to controlling interest – adjusted weighted average common shares

     66,359         71,528         69,301         71,910   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings (loss) per share attributable to controlling interest

   $ (0.39    $ 0.59       $ 0.72       $ 1.71   

Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to controlling interest

   $ (0.39    $ 0.57       $ 0.69       $ 1.64   

Stock options and restricted common shares covering 1,924,019 and 9,922 common shares for the three months ended February 28, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and 122,721 and 8,048 common shares for the nine months ended February 28, 2015 and 2014, respectively, have been excluded from the computation of diluted earnings (loss) per share because the effect would have been anti-dilutive. All potentially dilutive shares have been excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share for the three months ended February 28, 2015, because the effect would have been anti-dilutive due to the overall net loss for the period.

 

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NOTE N – Segment Operations

Summarized financial information for our reportable segments is shown in the following table:

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
    Nine Months Ended
February 28,
 
(in thousands)    2015     2014     2015     2014  

Net sales

        

Steel Processing

   $ 500,703      $ 477,983      $ 1,605,790      $ 1,372,558   

Pressure Cylinders

     248,086        233,290        749,789        664,212   

Engineered Cabs

     45,390        51,485        146,484        147,814   

Other

     10,606        10,472        36,148        50,837   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Consolidated net sales

   $ 804,785      $ 773,230      $ 2,538,211      $ 2,235,421   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

        

Steel Processing

   $ 16,406      $ 28,264      $ 86,152      $ 85,713   

Pressure Cylinders

     18,611        21,278        47,797        49,007   

Engineered Cabs

     (85,780     (1,088     (93,534     (22,284

Other

     (1,287     (3,165     (7,071     (9,010
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Consolidated operating income (loss)

   $ (52,050   $ 45,289      $ 33,344      $ 103,426   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Impairment of goodwill and long-lived assets

        

Steel Processing

   $ -      $ -      $ 3,050      $ 4,641   

Pressure Cylinders

     -        -        9,567        11,634   

Engineered Cabs

     81,600        -        83,989        19,100   

Other

     -        -        1,179        -   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Consolidated impairment of goodwill and long-lived assets

   $ 81,600      $ -      $ 97,785      $ 35,375   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Restructuring and other expense (income)

        

Steel Processing

   $ (28   $ 1,380      $ (58   $ (3,382

Pressure Cylinders

     2,498        412        2,926        (1,035

Engineered Cabs

     (313     -        (313     -   

Other

     (64     (394     (64     636   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Consolidated restructuring and other expense (income)

   $ 2,093      $ 1,398      $ 2,491      $ (3,781
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Joint venture transactions

        

Steel Processing

   $ -      $ -      $ -      $ -   

Pressure Cylinders

     -        -        -        -   

Engineered Cabs

     -        -        -        -   

Other

     84        120        274        1,048   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Consolidated joint venture transactions

   $ 84      $ 120      $ 274      $ 1,048   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
(in thousands)    February 28,
2015
    May 31,
2014
             

Total assets

        

Steel Processing

   $ 927,717      $ 850,748       

Pressure Cylinders

     851,279        818,720       

Engineered Cabs

     93,597        181,251       

Other

     348,808        445,662       
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

Consolidated total assets

   $ 2,221,401      $ 2,296,381       
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

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NOTE O – Acquisitions

Rome Strip Steel Company, Inc.

On January 16, 2015, the Company acquired the net assets of Rome Strip Steel Company, Inc. (“Rome Strip Steel”) for cash consideration of $54,495,000. This amount differs from the $55,312,000 paid at closing due to an estimated working capital deficit of $817,000. Located in Rome, New York, the Rome Strip Steel business manufactures cold rolled steel to extremely tight tolerances. The acquired net assets became part of our Steel Processing operating segment upon closing.

The assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recognized at their acquisition-date fair values, with goodwill representing the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired. In connection with the acquisition of the net assets of Rome Strip Steel, we identified and valued the following identifiable intangible assets:

 

(in thousands)           Useful Life  

Category

   Amount      (Years)  

Customer relationships

   $ 4,300         10   

Non-compete agreements

     1,200         5   
  

 

 

    

Total acquired identifiable intangible assets

   $ 5,500      
  

 

 

    

The purchase price includes the fair values of other assets that were not identifiable, not separately recognizable under accounting rules (e.g., assembled workforce) or of immaterial value. The purchase price also includes a going-concern element that represents our ability to earn a higher rate of return on this group of assets than would be expected on the separate assets as determined during the valuation process. This additional investment value resulted in goodwill, which is expected to be deductible for income tax purposes.

The following table summarizes the consideration transferred for the net assets of Rome Strip Steel and the fair value assigned to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date:

 

(in thousands)       

Cash

   $ 10   

Accounts receivable

     6,333   

Inventories

     17,063   

Prepaid expenses

     41   

Intangible assets

     5,500   

Property, plant and equipment

     22,775   
  

 

 

 

Total identifiable assets

     51,722   

Accounts payable

     (3,091

Other accrued items

     (410

Other liabilities

     (313
  

 

 

 

Net assets

     47,908   

Goodwill

     6,587   
  

 

 

 

Purchase price

   $ 54,495   

Plus: estimated working capital deficit

     817   
  

 

 

 

Cash paid at closing

   $ 55,312   
  

 

 

 

Operating results of the acquired business have been included in our consolidated statement of earnings for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2015 from the acquisition date, forward, and have not been material. Pro forma net sales and net earnings, including the acquired business since the beginning of fiscal 2014, would not be materially different than reported results.

dHybrid Systems, LLC

On October 20, 2014, we acquired a 79.59% ownership interest in dHybrid, a leader in compressed natural gas (“CNG”) systems for large trucks. The remaining 20.41% was retained by a founding member. The total purchase price was $15,918,000, which includes contingent consideration with an estimated fair value of $3,979,000. The acquired business became part of our Pressure Cylinders operating segment upon closing.

 

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Table of Contents

The contingent consideration arrangement requires the Company to pay $3,979,000 of additional consideration when cumulative net sales beginning January 1, 2013 reach $20,000,000 plus 50% of gross margin above certain thresholds in each of the five twelve-month periods following the closing date. We determined the acquisition-date fair value of the contingent consideration obligation using a probability weighted cash flow approach based on management’s projections of future sales and gross margin. Refer to “Note Q – Fair Value Measurements” for additional information regarding the fair value measurement of the contingent consideration obligation.

The assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recognized at their acquisition-date fair values, with goodwill representing the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired. In connection with the acquisition of the net assets of dHybrid, we identified and valued the following identifiable intangible assets:

 

(in thousands)           Useful Life  

Category

   Amount      (Years)  

Technological know-how

   $ 3,100         10   

Customer relationships

     600         7   

Backlog

     88         Less than 1   
  

 

 

    

Total acquired identifiable intangible assets

   $ 3,788      
  

 

 

    

The purchase price includes the fair values of other assets that were not identifiable, not separately recognizable under accounting rules (e.g., assembled workforce) or of immaterial value. The purchase price also includes a going-concern element that represents our ability to earn a higher rate of return on this group of assets than would be expected on the separate assets as determined during the valuation process. This additional investment value resulted in goodwill, which is expected to be deductible for income tax purposes.

The following table summarizes the consideration transferred for our 79.59% interest in dHybrid and the fair value assigned to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date:

 

(in thousands)       

Consideration Transferred:

  

Cash consideration

   $ 11,939   

Fair value of contingent consideration

     3,979   
  

 

 

 

Total consideration

   $ 15,918   
  

 

 

 

Estimated Fair Value of Assets Acquired and Liabilities Assumed:

  

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 795   

Accounts receivable

     1,459   

Inventories

     3,300   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     38   

Intangible assets

     3,788   

Property, plant and equipment

     396   
  

 

 

 

Total identifiable assets

     9,776   

Accounts payable

     (1,163

Accrued liabilities

     (160

Long-term debt

     (5,000
  

 

 

 

Net identifiable assets

     3,453   

Goodwill

     16,547   
  

 

 

 

Net assets

     20,000   

Noncontrolling interest

     (4,082
  

 

 

 

Total consideration

   $ 15,918   
  

 

 

 

 

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Operating results of the acquired business have been included in our consolidated statements of earnings for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2015 from the acquisition date, forward, and have not been material. Pro forma net sales and net earnings, including the acquired business since the beginning of fiscal 2014, would not be materially different than reported results.

Midstream Equipment Fabrication, LLC

On August 1, 2014, we acquired the net assets of Midstream Equipment Fabrication LLC (“MEF”) for cash consideration of $38,441,000 and the assumption of certain liabilities. The MEF business manufactures patented horizontal heated and high pressure separators used to separate oilfield fluids and gas for customers drilling in the Eagle Ford Shale and is well-situated to serve customers in the Permian Basin. The acquired net assets became part of our Pressure Cylinders operating segment upon closing.

The assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recognized at their acquisition-date fair values, with goodwill representing the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired. In connection with the acquisition of the net assets of MEF, we identified and valued the following identifiable intangible assets:

 

(in thousands)           Useful Life  

Category

   Amount      (Years)  

Technological know-how

   $ 5,100         10   

Customer relationships

     4,300         7   

Non-compete agreements

     2,400         4   

Backlog

     1,800         Less than 1   
  

 

 

    

Total acquired identifiable intangible assets

   $ 13,600      
  

 

 

    

The purchase price includes the fair values of other assets that were not identifiable, not separately recognizable under accounting rules (e.g., assembled workforce) or of immaterial value. The purchase price also includes a going-concern element that represents our ability to earn a higher rate of return on this group of assets than would be expected on the separate assets as determined during the valuation process. This additional investment value resulted in goodwill, which is expected to be deductible for income tax purposes.

The following table summarizes the consideration transferred for the net assets of MEF and the fair value assigned to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date:

 

(in thousands)       

Accounts receivable

   $ 3,329   

Inventories

     3,550   

Intangible assets

     13,600   

Property, plant and equipment

     166   
  

 

 

 

Total identifiable assets

     20,645   

Accounts payable

     (555

Other accrued items

     (92

Deferred revenue

     (4,808
  

 

 

 

Net assets

     15,190   

Goodwill

     23,251   
  

 

 

 

Cash consideration

     38,441   
  

 

 

 

The Company incurred $273,000 of acquisition-related costs that were expensed within SG&A expense during the nine months ended February 28, 2015. Operating results of the acquired business have been included in our consolidated statements of earnings for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2015 from the acquisition date, forward, and have not been material. Pro forma net sales and net earnings, including the acquired business since the beginning of fiscal 2014, would not be materially different than reported results.

 

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Table of Contents

James Russell Engineering Works, Inc.

On July 31, 2014, we acquired the net assets of James Russell Engineering Works, Inc. (“JRE”) for cash consideration of $1,571,000. The JRE business manufactures aluminum and stainless steel cryogenic transport trailers used for hauling liquid oxygen, nitrogen, argon, hydrogen and liquefied natural gas (“LNG”) for producers and distributors of industrial gases and LNG. The acquired net assets became part of our Pressure Cylinders operating segment upon closing.

The assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recognized at their acquisition-date fair values. The purchase price includes the fair values of other assets that were not identifiable, not separately recognizable under accounting rules (e.g., assembled workforce) or of immaterial value. The purchase price also includes a going-concern element that represents our ability to earn a higher rate of return on this group of assets than would be expected on the separate assets as determined during the valuation process. This additional investment value resulted in goodwill, which is expected to be deductible for income tax purposes.

The following table summarizes the consideration transferred for the net assets of JRE and the fair value assigned to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date:

 

(in thousands)       

Cash

   $ 253   

Accounts receivable

     509   

Inventories

     2,793   

Prepaid expense and other current assets

     40   

Property, plant and equipment

     250   
  

 

 

 

Total identifiable assets

     3,845   

Accounts payable

     (514

Other accrued items

     (2,160
  

 

 

 

Net identifiable assets

     1,171   

Goodwill

     400   
  

 

 

 

Total cash consideration

   $ 1,571   
  

 

 

 

Operating results of the acquired business have been included in our consolidated statements of earnings for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2015 from the acquisition date, forward, and have not been material. Pro forma net sales and net earnings, including the acquired business since the beginning of fiscal 2014, would not be materially different than reported results.

NOTE P – Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

We utilize derivative financial instruments to manage exposure to certain risks related to our ongoing operations. The primary risks managed through the use of derivative instruments include interest rate risk, currency exchange risk and commodity price risk. While certain of our derivative instruments are designated as hedging instruments, we also enter into derivative instruments that are designed to hedge a risk, but are not designated as hedging instruments and therefore do not qualify for hedge accounting. These derivative instruments are adjusted to current fair value through earnings at the end of each period.

Interest Rate Risk Management – We are exposed to the impact of interest rate changes. Our objective is to manage the impact of interest rate changes on cash flows and the market value of our borrowings. We utilize a mix of debt maturities along with both fixed-rate and variable-rate debt to manage changes in interest rates. In addition, we enter into interest rate swaps to further manage our exposure to interest rate variations related to our borrowings and to lower our overall borrowing costs.

Currency Exchange Risk Management – We conduct business in several major international currencies and are therefore subject to risks associated with changing foreign exchange rates. We enter into various contracts that change in value as foreign exchange rates change to manage this exposure. Such contracts limit exposure to both favorable and unfavorable currency fluctuations. The translation of foreign currencies into United States dollars also subjects us to exposure related to fluctuating exchange rates; however, derivative instruments are not used to manage this risk.

 

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Table of Contents

Commodity Price Risk Management – We are exposed to changes in the price of certain commodities, including steel, natural gas, zinc and other raw materials, and our utility requirements. Our objective is to reduce earnings and cash flow volatility associated with forecasted purchases and sales of these commodities to allow management to focus its attention on business operations. Accordingly, we enter into derivative instruments to manage the associated price risk.

We are exposed to counterparty credit risk on all of our derivative instruments. Accordingly, we have established and maintain strict counterparty credit guidelines and enter into derivative instruments only with major financial institutions. We have credit support agreements in place with certain counterparties to limit our credit exposure. These agreements require either party to post cash collateral if its cumulative market position exceeds a predefined liability threshold. At February 28, 2015, we had posted total cash collateral of $6,300,000 to our margin accounts. Amounts posted to the margin accounts accrue interest at market rates and are required to be refunded in the period in which the cumulative market position falls below the required threshold. We do not have significant exposure to any one counterparty and management believes the risk of loss is remote and, in any event, would not be material.

Refer to “Note Q – Fair Value” for additional information regarding the accounting treatment for our derivative instruments, as well as how fair value is determined.

The following table summarizes the fair value of our derivative instruments and the respective financial statement caption in which they were recorded in our consolidated balance sheet at February 28, 2015:

 

(in thousands)    Location      Value      Location    Value  

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:

           

Interest rate contracts

     Receivables       $ -       Accounts payable    $ 246   

Foreign exchange contracts

     Receivables         438       Accounts payable      -   

Commodity contracts

     Receivables         -       Accounts payable      18,207   

Commodity contracts

     Other assets         -       Other liabilities      413   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Totals

      $ 438          $ 18,866   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:

           

Commodity contracts

     Receivables       $ 73       Accounts payable    $ 5,422   

Commodity contracts

     Other assets         -       Other liabilities      590   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Totals

      $ 73          $ 6,012   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Total Derivative Instruments

      $ 511          $ 24,878   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

The amounts in the table above reflect the fair value of the Company’s derivative contracts on a net basis. Had these amounts been recognized on a gross basis, the impact would have been a $345,000 increase in receivables with a corresponding increase in accounts payable.

 

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Table of Contents

The following table summarizes the fair value of our derivative instruments and the respective line in which they were recorded in the consolidated balance sheet at May 31, 2014:

 

     Asset Derivatives      Liability Derivatives  
(in thousands)    Balance
Sheet
Location
   Fair
Value
     Balance
Sheet
Location
   Fair
Value
 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:

           

Interest rate contracts

   Receivables    $ -       Accounts payable    $ 4,180   

Commodity contracts

   Receivables      456       Accounts payable      -   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Totals

      $ 456          $ 4,180   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:

           

Commodity contracts

   Receivables    $ 796       Accounts payable    $ 295   

Foreign exchange contracts

   Receivables      32       Accounts payable      -   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Totals

      $ 828          $ 295   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

Total Derivative Instruments

      $ 1,284          $ 4,475   
     

 

 

       

 

 

 

The amounts in the table above reflect the fair value of the Company’s derivative contracts on a net basis. Had these amounts been recognized on a gross basis, the impact would have been a $730,000 increase in receivables with a corresponding increase in accounts payable.

Cash Flow Hedges

We enter into derivative instruments to hedge our exposure to changes in cash flows attributable to interest rates, foreign exchange rates, and commodity price fluctuations associated with certain forecasted transactions. These derivative instruments are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges. Accordingly, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is reported as a component of other comprehensive income (loss) (“OCI”) and reclassified into earnings in the same financial statement caption associated with the forecasted transaction and in the same period during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. The ineffective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is recognized in earnings immediately.

The following table summarizes our cash flow hedges outstanding at February 28, 2015:

 

(in thousands)    Notional
Amount
     Maturity Date

Commodity contracts

   $ 95,228       March 2015 - June 2016

Interest rate contracts

     17,131       September 2019

Foreign currency contracts

     3,810       March 2015 - June 2015

 

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Table of Contents

The following table summarizes the gain (loss) recognized in OCI and the gain (loss) reclassified from accumulated OCI into earnings for derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges during the three months ended February 28, 2015 and 2014:

 

(in thousands)   Gain (Loss)
Recognized
in OCI
(Effective
Portion)
    Location of
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified
from
Accumulated
OCI
(Effective
Portion)
  Gain (Loss)
Reclassified
from
Accumulated
OCI
(Effective
Portion)
    Location of
Gain (Loss)
(Ineffective
Portion)
and Excluded
from
Effectiveness
Testing
    Gain (Loss)
(Ineffective
Portion)
and Excluded
from
Effectiveness
Testing
 

For the three months ended February 28, 2015:

         

Interest rate contracts

  $ -      Interest expense   $ (160     Interest expense      $ -   

Commodity contracts

    (15,178   Cost of goods sold     539        Cost of goods sold        -   

Foreign currency contracts

    314      Miscellaneous income     -        Miscellaneous income        -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Totals

  $ (14,864     $ 379        $ -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

For the three months ended February 28, 2014:

         

Interest rate contracts

  $ 4      Interest expense   $ (1,059     Interest expense      $ -   

Commodity contracts

    (3,644   Cost of goods sold     (2,519     Cost of goods sold        -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Totals

  $ (3,640     $ (3,578     $ -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

The following table summarizes the gain (loss) recognized in OCI and the gain (loss) reclassified from accumulated OCI into earnings for derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges during the nine months ended February 28, 2015 and 2014:

 

(in thousands)   Gain (Loss)
Recognized
in OCI
(Effective
Portion)
    Location of
Gain  (Loss)
Reclassified

from
Accumulated
OCI
(Effective
Portion)
  Gain (Loss)
Reclassified
from
Accumulated
OCI
(Effective
Portion)
    Location of
Gain (Loss)

(Ineffective
Portion)
and Excluded

from
Effectiveness
Testing
  Gain (Loss)
(Ineffective
Portion)
and Excluded
from
Effectiveness
Testing
 

For the nine months ended February 28, 2015:

         

Interest rate contracts

  $ -      Interest expense   $ (2,445   Interest expense   $ -   

Commodity contracts

    (19,953   Cost of goods sold     (613   Cost of goods sold     -   

Foreign currency contracts

    211      Miscellaneous income     -      Miscellaneous income     -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Totals

  $ (19,742     $ (3,058     $ -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

For the nine months ended February 28, 2014:

         

Interest rate contracts

  $ (380   Interest expense   $ (3,179   Interest expense   $ -   

Commodity contracts

    (1,027   Cost of goods sold     (3,647   Cost of goods sold     -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Totals

  $ (1,407     $ (6,826     $ -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

The estimated net amount of the losses recognized in accumulated OCI at February 28, 2015 expected to be reclassified into net earnings within the succeeding twelve months is $11,742,000 (net of tax of $6,982,000). This amount was computed using the fair value of the cash flow hedges at February 28, 2015, and will change before actual reclassification from OCI to net earnings during the fiscal years ending May 31, 2015 and 2016.

Economic (Non-designated) Hedges

We enter into foreign currency contracts to manage our foreign exchange exposure related to inter-company and financing transactions that do not meet the requirements for hedge accounting treatment. We also enter into certain commodity contracts that do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment. Accordingly, these derivative instruments are adjusted to current market value at the end of each period through earnings.

The following table summarizes our economic (non-designated) derivative instruments outstanding at February 28, 2015:

 

(in thousands)    Notional
Amount
     Maturity Date(s)

Commodity contracts

   $ 50,973       March 2015 - February 2016

 

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The following table summarizes the loss recognized in earnings for economic (non-designated) derivative financial instruments during the three months ended February 28, 2015 and 2014:

 

     Location of Loss    Loss Recognized
in Earnings for the
Three Months Ended
February  28,
 
(in thousands)    Recognized in Earnings    2015     2014  

Commodity contracts

   Cost of goods sold    $ (4,105   $ (1,241

Foreign currency contracts

   Miscellaneous income (expense)      -        (205
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

      $ (4,105   $ (1,446
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the gain (loss) recognized in earnings for economic (non-designated) derivative financial instruments during the nine months ended February 28, 2015 and 2014:

 

     Location of Gain (Loss)    Gain (Loss) Recognized
in Earnings for the
Nine Months  Ended
February 28,
 
(in thousands)    Recognized in Earnings    2015     2014  

Commodity contracts

   Cost of goods sold    $ (6,522   $ (959

Foreign currency contracts

   Miscellaneous income (expense)      43        (210
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

      $ (6,479   $ (1,169
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

The gain (loss) on the foreign currency derivatives significantly offsets the gain (loss) on the hedged item.

NOTE Q – Fair Value

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Fair value is an exit price concept that assumes an orderly transaction between willing market participants and is required to be based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or a liability. Current accounting guidance establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy as a basis for considering such assumptions and for classifying the inputs used in the valuation methodologies. This hierarchy requires entities to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The three levels of inputs used to measure fair values are as follows:

 

Level 1

      Observable prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.

Level 2

      Observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.

Level 3

      Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets and liabilities.

 

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Recurring Fair Value Measurements

At February 28, 2015, our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis were as follows:

 

(in thousands)    Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
     Totals  

Assets

           

Derivative contracts (1)

   $ -       $ 511       $ -       $ 511   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ -       $ 511       $ -       $ 511   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities

           

Derivative contracts (1)

   $ -       $ 24,878       $ -       $ 24,878   

Contingent consideration obligation (2)

     -         -         3,979         3,979   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

   $ -       $ 24,878       $ 3,979       $ 28,857   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

At May 31, 2014, our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis were as follows:

 

(in thousands)    Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
     Totals  

Assets

           

Derivative contracts (1)

   $ -       $ 1,284       $ -       $ 1,284   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ -       $ 1,284       $ -       $ 1,284   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities

           

Derivative contracts (1)

   $ -       $ 4,475       $ -       $ 4,475   

Contingent consideration obligation (2)

     -         -         404         404   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

   $ -       $ 4,475       $ 404       $ 4,879   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)

The fair value of our derivative contracts is based on the present value of the expected future cash flows considering the risks involved, including non-performance risk, and using discount rates appropriate for the respective maturities. Market observable, Level 2 inputs are used to determine the present value of the expected future cash flows. Refer to “Note P – Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities” for additional information regarding our use of derivative instruments.

 

(2)

The fair value of the Company’s contingent consideration obligations is determined using a probability weighted cash flow approach based on management’s projections of future cash flows of the acquired businesses. The fair value measurements are based on significant inputs not observable in the market and thus represent Level 3 measurements.

 

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Non-Recurring Fair Value Measurements

At February 28, 2015, our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis were as follows:

 

(in thousands)    Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
     Totals  

Assets

           

Long-lived assets held and used (1)

   $ -       $ -       $ 11,803       $ 11,803   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ -       $ -       $ 11,803       $ 11,803   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)

During the third quarter of fiscal 2015, the Company concluded that an interim impairment test of the goodwill of its Engineered Cabs operating segment was necessary. Prior to conducting the goodwill impairment test, the Company first evaluated the other long-lived assets of the Engineered Cabs operating segment for recoverability. Recoverability was tested using future cash flow projections based on management’s long-range estimates of market conditions. The sum of the undiscounted future cash flows for the customer relationship intangible asset and the property, plant and equipment of the Florence facility were less than their respective carrying values. As a result, these assets were written down to their respective fair values of $2,000,000 and $9,803,000, resulting in impairment charges of $22,356,000 for the customer relationship intangible asset and $14,311,000 for the property, plant and equipment of the Florence asset group during the third quarter of fiscal 2015. The fair value measurements are based on significant inputs not observable in the market and thus represent Level 3 measurements.

 

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At May 31, 2014, our assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis were categorized as follows:

 

(in thousands)    Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
     Totals  

Assets

           

Long-lived assets held for sale (1)

   $ -       $ 25,040       $ -       $ 25,040   

Long-lived assets held and used (2)

     -         7,034         -         7,034   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ -       $ 32,074       $ -       $ 32,074   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014, management committed to a plan to sell the Company’s 60%-owned consolidated joint venture in India, Worthington Nitin Cylinders. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, the net assets were recorded at the lower of net book value or fair value less costs to sell. As the fair value of the asset group, or $5,925,000, was lower than its net book value, an impairment charge of $18,959,000 was recognized within impairment of long-lived assets in our fiscal 2014 consolidated statement of earnings. The portion of this impairment loss attributable to the noncontrolling interest, or $7,583,000, was recorded within net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest in our fiscal 2014 consolidated statement of earnings.

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014, management committed to plans to sell certain non-core Steel Processing assets. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, the net assets were recorded at the lower of net book value or fair value less costs to sell. As the fair value of the asset group, or $19,115,000, was lower than its net book value, an impairment charge of $7,141,000 was recognized within impairment of long-lived assets in our fiscal 2014 consolidated statement of earnings.

 

(2)

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014, we determined that indicators of impairment were present at the Company’s aluminum high-pressure cylinder business in New Albany, Mississippi, due to current and projected operating losses. Recoverability of the identified asset group was tested using future cash flow projections based on management’s long-range estimates of market conditions. The sum of these undiscounted future cash flows was less than the net book value of the asset group. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, the net assets were written down to their fair value of $7,034,000, resulting in an impairment charge of $1,412,000 within impairment of long-lived assets in our fiscal 2014 consolidated statement of earnings.

The fair value of non-derivative financial instruments included in the carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, receivables, notes receivable, income taxes receivable, other assets, accounts payable, short-term borrowings, accrued compensation, contributions to employee benefit plans and related taxes, other accrued items, income taxes payable and other liabilities approximate carrying value due to their short-term nature. The fair value of long-term debt, including current maturities, based upon models utilizing market observable (Level 2) inputs and credit risk, was $624,142,000 and $674,488,000 at February 28, 2015 and May 31, 2014, respectively. The carrying amount of long-term debt, including current maturities, was $576,803,000 and $655,963,000 at February 28, 2015 and May 31, 2014, respectively.

 

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Item 2. – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Selected statements contained in this “Item 2. – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” constitute “forward-looking statements” as that term is used in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements are based, in whole or in part, on management’s beliefs, estimates, assumptions and currently available information. For a more detailed discussion of what constitutes a forward-looking statement and of some of the factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from such forward-looking statements, please refer to the “Safe Harbor Statement” in the beginning of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and “Part I - Item 1A. - Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2014, as well as in “Part II – Item 1A. – Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Introduction

The following discussion and analysis of market and industry trends, business developments, and the results of operations and financial position of Worthington Industries, Inc., together with its subsidiaries (collectively, “we,” “our,” “Worthington,” or our “Company”), should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in “Item 1. – Financial Statements” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2014 (“fiscal 2014”) includes additional information about Worthington, our operations and our consolidated financial position and should be read in conjunction with this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

We are primarily a diversified metals manufacturing company, focused on value-added steel processing and manufactured metal products. As of February 28, 2015, excluding our joint ventures, we operated 34 manufacturing facilities worldwide, principally in three operating segments, which correspond with our reportable business segments: Steel Processing, Pressure Cylinders and Engineered Cabs. Our remaining operating segments, which do not meet the applicable aggregation criteria or quantitative thresholds for separate disclosure, are combined and reported in the “Other” category. These include Construction Services and Worthington Energy Innovations.

We also held equity positions in 13 active joint ventures, which operated 48 manufacturing facilities worldwide, as of February 28, 2015. Six of these joint ventures are consolidated with the equity owned by the other joint venture member(s) shown as noncontrolling interest in our consolidated balance sheets, and the other joint venture member(s)’ portion of net earnings and other comprehensive income shown as net earnings or comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest in our consolidated statements of earnings and consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss), respectively. The remaining seven of these joint ventures are accounted for using the equity method.

Overview

Net sales increased 4% during the third quarter of fiscal 2015; however, rapidly declining steel prices and higher than expected manufacturing costs in a few plants had a significant adverse impact on results. The falling price of steel resulted in higher inventory holding losses recognized throughout the current quarter, and a $5.1 million inventory write-down to reflect the lower replacement cost of steel at February 28, 2015. Demand remained strong in most of our key end markets, with the exception of oil and gas equipment and agriculture. To address softness in these markets, the Company decided to close its Engineered Cabs facility in Florence, South Carolina, and scale down costs in its oil and gas equipment business in Pressure Cylinders. These decisions led to non-cash impairment charges of $81.6 million for goodwill and other long-lived assets in Engineered Cabs and a restructuring charge of $2.3 million for the estimated severance expense covering those affected by the workforce reductions within Pressure Cylinders.

Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates (“equity income”) for the quarter of $18.8 million was $2.4 million lower than the prior year quarter. The overall decrease was primarily due to a $3.3 million decrease at Serviacero, which was negatively impacted by the falling price of steel, and a $0.8 million decrease at ClarkDietrich on lower volumes. Equity income from ArtiFlex was $2.3 million higher than the prior year quarter on increased volumes and gains on asset disposals. We received $18.7 million in cash distributions from our unconsolidated affiliates during the quarter.

Recent Business Developments

 

   

On July 31, 2014, the Company acquired the net assets of James Russell Engineering Works, Inc. (“JRE”) for cash consideration of $1.6 million. The JRE business manufactures aluminum and stainless steel

 

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cryogenic transport trailers used for hauling liquid oxygen, nitrogen, argon, hydrogen and liquefied natural gas (“LNG”) for producers and distributors of industrial gases and LNG. The acquired net assets became part of our Pressure Cylinders operating segment upon closing.

 

   

On August 1, 2014, the Company acquired the net assets of Midstream Equipment Fabrication LLC (“MEF”) for cash consideration of $38.4 million and the assumption of certain liabilities. The MEF business manufactures patented horizontal heated and high pressure separators used to separate oilfield fluids and gas for customers drilling in the Eagle Ford Shale and is well-situated to serve customers in the Permian Basin. The acquired net assets became part of our Pressure Cylinders operating segment upon closing.

 

   

On October 20, 2014, we acquired a 79.59% ownership interest in dHybrid Systems, LLC (“dHybrid”), a leader in compressed natural gas (“CNG”) systems for large trucks. The remaining 20.41% was retained by a founding member. The total purchase price was $15.9 million, which includes contingent consideration with an estimated fair value of $4.0 million. The acquired business became part of our Pressure Cylinders operating segment upon closing.

 

   

On November 13, 2014, the Company’s consolidated tailor welded blanking joint venture, TWB, opened a new facility in Cambridge, Ontario. The facility will initially operate one laser welding line with the capacity to produce two million tailor welded blanks per year.

 

   

On January 16, 2015, the Company acquired the net assets of Rome Strip Steel Company, Inc. (“Rome Strip Steel”) for cash consideration of $54.5 million after an adjustment for estimated working capital. Located in Rome, New York, the Rome Strip Steel business manufactures cold rolled steel to extremely tight tolerances. The acquired net assets became part of our Steel Processing operating segment upon closing.

 

   

On March 12, 2015, WAVE, Worthington’s joint venture with Armstrong World Industries, Inc., acquired the Axiom® and Serpentina® ceiling system manufacturing capabilities from Fry Reglet Corporation.

 

   

On March 24, 2015, the Company announced its decision to close its Engineered Cabs facility in Florence, South Carolina, and a workforce reduction in several oil and gas equipment locations due to slowing demand. These decisions led to non-cash impairment charges of $81.6 million for goodwill and other long-lived assets in Engineered Cabs and a restructuring charge of $2.3 million for the estimated severance expense covering those affected by the workforce reductions within Pressure Cylinders.

 

   

On March 25, 2015, the Board of Directors of Worthington Industries, Inc. (the “Board”) declared a quarterly dividend of $0.18 per share payable on June 29, 2015 to shareholders of record on June 12, 2015.

 

   

During the quarter, the Company repurchased a total of 1,990,000 common shares for $56.6 million at an average price of $28.46.

 

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Table of Contents

Market & Industry Overview

We sell our products and services to a diverse customer base and a broad range of end markets. The breakdown of our net sales by end market for the third quarter of fiscal 2015 and the third quarter of fiscal 2014 is illustrated in the following chart:

 

 

LOGO

The automotive industry is one of the largest consumers of flat-rolled steel, and thus the largest end market for our Steel Processing operating segment. Approximately 60% of the net sales of our Steel Processing operating segment are to the automotive market. North American vehicle production, primarily by Chrysler, Ford and General Motors (the “Detroit Three automakers”), has a considerable impact on the activity within this operating segment. The majority of the net sales of four of our unconsolidated joint ventures are also to the automotive end market.

Approximately 10% of the net sales of our Steel Processing operating segment, 60% of the net sales of our Engineered Cabs operating segment and substantially all of the net sales of our Construction Services operating segment are to the construction market. The construction market is also the predominant end market for two of our unconsolidated joint ventures: WAVE and ClarkDietrich. While the market price of steel significantly impacts these businesses, there are other key indicators that are meaningful in analyzing construction market demand, including U.S. gross domestic product (“GDP”), the Dodge Index of construction contracts and, in the case of ClarkDietrich, trends in the relative price of framing lumber and steel.

Substantially all of the net sales of our Pressure Cylinders operating segment, and approximately 30% and 40% of the net sales of our Steel Processing and Engineered Cabs operating segments, respectively, are to other markets such as consumer products, industrial, lawn and garden, agriculture, oil and gas equipment, heavy truck, mining, forestry and appliance. Given the many different products that make up these net sales and the wide variety of end markets, it is very difficult to detail the key market indicators that drive this portion of our business. However, we believe that the trend in U.S. GDP growth is a good economic indicator for analyzing these operating segments.

We use the following information to monitor our costs and demand in our major end markets:

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
          Nine Months Ended
February 28,
       
     2015     2014     Inc /
(Dec)
    2015     2014     Inc /
(Dec)
 

U.S. GDP (% growth year-over-year) 1

     2.3     2.2     0.1     2.6     1.6     1.0

Hot-Rolled Steel ($ per ton) 2

   $ 578      $ 669      ($ 91   $ 634      $ 649      ($ 15

Detroit Three Auto Build (000’s vehicles) 3

     2,106        2,065        41        6,694        6,656        38   

No. America Auto Build (000’s vehicles) 3

     4,024        3,800        224        12,682        12,028        654   

Zinc ($ per pound) 4

   $ 0.93      $ 0.85      $ 0.08      $ 0.99      $ 0.85      $ 0.14   

Natural Gas ($ per mcf) 5

   $ 3.33      $ 4.58      ($ 1.25   $ 3.97      $ 3.95      $ 0.02   

On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices ($ per gallon) 6

   $ 3.09      $ 3.92      ($ 0.83   $ 3.56      $ 3.89      ($ 0.33

 

1 

2014 and 2015 figures based on revised actuals 2 CRU Hot-Rolled Index; period average 3 IHS Global 4 LME Zinc; period average 5 NYMEX Henry Hub Natural Gas; period average 6 Energy Information Administration; period average

 

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U.S. GDP growth rate trends are generally indicative of the strength in demand and, in many cases, pricing for our products. A year-over-year increase in U.S. GDP growth rates is indicative of a stronger economy, which generally increases demand and pricing for our products. Conversely, decreasing U.S. GDP growth rates generally indicate a weaker economy. Changes in U.S. GDP growth rates can also signal changes in conversion costs related to production and in selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expense.

The market price of hot-rolled steel is one of the most significant factors impacting our selling prices and operating results. When steel prices fall, which was the case during the second and third quarters of fiscal 2015, we typically have higher-priced material flowing through cost of goods sold, while selling prices compress to what the market will bear, negatively impacting our results. On the other hand, in a rising price environment, our results are generally favorably impacted, as lower-priced material purchased in previous periods flows through cost of goods sold, while our selling prices increase at a faster pace to cover current replacement costs.

The following table provides the average quarterly market price per ton of hot-rolled steel during fiscal 2015 (first, second and third quarters), fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2013:

 

(Dollars per ton 1)                                               
     Fiscal Year      Increase / (Decrease)  
     2015      2014      2013      2015 vs. 2014     2014 vs. 2013  

1st Quarter

   $ 673       $ 627       $ 616       $ 46        7.3   $ 11         1.8

2nd Quarter

   $ 651       $ 651       $ 622       $ 0        0.0   $ 29         4.7

3rd Quarter

   $ 578       $ 669       $ 629       ($ 91     -13.6   $ 40         6.4

4th Quarter

     N/A       $ 655       $ 595         N/A        N/A      $ 60         10.1

Annual Avg.

     N/A       $ 651       $ 616         N/A        N/A      $ 35         5.7

 

1

CRU Hot-Rolled Index, period average

No single customer contributed more than 10% of our consolidated net sales during the third quarter of fiscal 2015. While our automotive business is largely driven by the production schedules of the Detroit Three automakers, our customer base is much broader and includes other domestic manufacturers and many of their suppliers. During the third quarter of fiscal 2015, vehicle production for the Detroit Three automakers was up 2% from the comparable period in the prior year. North American vehicle production as a whole during the third quarter of fiscal 2015 increased 6% over the comparable period in the prior year.

Certain other commodities, such as zinc, natural gas and diesel fuel, represent a significant portion of our cost of goods sold, both directly through our plant operations and indirectly through transportation and freight expense.

 

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Results of Operations

Third Quarter – Fiscal 2015 Compared to Fiscal 2014

Consolidated Operations

The following table presents consolidated operating results for the periods indicated:

 

    Three Months Ended February 28,  
(Dollars in millions)   2015     %of
Net sales
    2014     %of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

  $ 804.8        100.0   $ 773.2        100.0   $ 31.6   

Cost of goods sold

    706.3        87.8     650.7        84.2     55.6   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Gross margin

    98.5        12.2     122.5        15.8     (24.0

Selling, general and administrative expense

    66.8        8.3     75.7        9.8     (8.9

Impairment of goodwill and long-lived assets

    81.6        10.1     -        0.0     81.6   

Restructuring and other expense

    2.1        0.3     1.4        0.2     0.7   

Joint venture transactions

    0.1        0.0     0.1        0.0     -   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

    (52.1     -6.5     45.3        5.9     (97.4

Miscellaneous income

    0.2        0.0     0.5        0.1     (0.3

Interest expense

    (8.4     -1.0     (6.2     -0.8     2.2   

Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates

    18.8        2.3     21.2        2.7     (2.4

Income tax benefit (expense)

    18.2        2.3     (16.6     -2.1     (34.8
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss)

    (23.3     -2.9     44.2        5.7     (67.5

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest

    2.4        0.3     3.6        0.5     1.2   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss) attributable to controlling interest

  $ (25.7     -3.2   $ 40.6        5.3   $ (66.3
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to controlling interest for the three months ended February 28, 2015 of $25.7 million represents a $66.3 million decrease from the $40.6 million of net earnings attributable to controlling interest in the comparable period in the prior year. Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales increased $31.6 million over the comparable period in the prior year. Higher overall volume favorably impacted net sales by $31.4 million driven by the impact of recent acquisitions in Steel Processing and Pressure Cylinders.

 

   

Gross margin decreased $24.0 million from the comparable period in the prior year to $98.5 million. Lower volumes in consumer and industrial products within Pressure Cylinders and higher inventory holding losses caused by rapidly falling steel prices in Steel Processing more than offset contributions from recent acquisitions.

 

   

SG&A expense decreased $8.9 million from the comparable period in the prior year driven by lower profit sharing and bonus expense partially offset by the impact of acquisitions.

 

   

Impairment charges of $81.6 million were due to the impairment of goodwill and other long-lived assets in Engineered Cabs. For additional information, refer to “Item 1. – Financial Statements – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – NOTE D – Impairment of Goodwill and Long-Lived Assets” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

   

Restructuring and other expense of $2.1 million was driven by $2.3 million of severance expense related to the recently announced workforce reductions in our oil and gas equipment business within Pressure Cylinders.

 

   

Interest expense of $8.4 million was $2.2 million higher than the comparable period in the prior year. The increase was due to the impact of higher average debt levels resulting from the issuance of $250.0 million of 4.55% unsecured senior notes in April 2014. However, interest expense in the current quarter was down $1.3 million from the second quarter of fiscal 2015 as $100.0 million of 2004 notes matured and were repaid in December 2014.

 

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Equity income decreased $2.4 million over the prior year quarter to $18.8 million on net sales of $356.6 million. The overall decrease was driven by Serviacero and ClarkDietrich where our equity portion of income decreased by $3.3 million and $0.8 million, respectively, on lower volume. The decrease at Serviacero was also due in part to inventory holding losses resulting from declining steel prices. Equity income from ArtiFlex increased $2.3 million on higher volumes and gains on asset disposals. For additional financial information regarding our unconsolidated affiliates, refer to “Item 1. – Financial Statements – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – NOTE C – Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

   

An income tax benefit of $18.2 million was recorded in the current year, resulting primarily from the impairment charges in Engineered Cabs. Excluding the impact of these impairment charges, current year income tax expense was approximately $10.9 million compared to $16.6 million in the comparable period in the prior year primarily due to lower earnings. The current quarter tax benefit was calculated using an estimated annual effective income tax rate of 30.9% versus 27.3% in the prior year quarter. Refer to “Item 1. – Financial Statements – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – NOTE L – Income Taxes” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for more information on our tax rates.

Segment Operations

Steel Processing

The following table presents a summary of operating results for our Steel Processing operating segment for the periods indicated:

 

     Three Months Ended February 28,  
(Dollars in millions)    2015      % of
Net sales
    2014      % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

   $ 500.7         100.0   $ 478.0         100.0   $ 22.7   

Cost of goods sold

     457.0         91.3     415.9         87.0     41.1   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Gross margin

     43.7         8.7     62.1         13.0     (18.4

Selling, general and administrative expense

     27.3         5.5     32.4         6.8     (5.1

Restructuring and other expense

     -         0.0     1.4         0.3     (1.4
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Operating income

   $ 16.4         3.3   $ 28.3         5.9   $ (11.9
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Material cost

   $ 375.6         $ 342.2         $ 33.4   

Tons shipped (in thousands)

     831           796           35   

Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales increased $22.7 million over the comparable period in the prior year to $500.7 million due to the recent acquisition of Rome Strip Steel and higher volume, which increased 4%. The mix of direct versus toll tons was relatively unchanged from the prior year at 60% to 40%.

 

   

Operating income of $16.4 million was $11.9 million lower than the prior year quarter due to the unfavorable impact of inventory holding losses in the current quarter combined with higher manufacturing expenses. The falling price of steel resulted in higher inventory holding losses recognized throughout the current quarter, and a $5.1 million inventory write-down to reflect the lower replacement cost of steel at February 28, 2015. The overall decrease in operating income was partially offset by lower SG&A expenses resulting from a decrease in profit sharing and bonus accruals and depreciation expense.

 

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Pressure Cylinders

The following table presents a summary of operating results for our Pressure Cylinders operating segment for the periods indicated:

 

    Three Months Ended February 28,  
(Dollars in millions)   2015     % of
Net sales
    2014     % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

  $ 248.1        100.0   $ 233.3        100.0   $ 14.8   

Cost of goods sold

    193.9        78.2     178.9        76.7     15.0   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Gross margin

    54.2        21.8     54.4        23.3     (0.2

Selling, general and administrative expense

    33.1        13.3     32.7        14.0     0.4   

Restructuring and other expense

    2.5        1.0     0.4        0.2     2.1   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Operating income

  $ 18.6        7.5   $ 21.3        9.1   $ (2.7
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Material cost

  $ 117.2        $ 105.6        $ 11.6   

Net sales by principal class of products:

         

Consumer Products

  $ 54.1        $ 60.0        $ (5.9

Industrial Products

    106.6          112.0          (5.4

Alternative Fuels

    23.7          22.3          1.4   

Oil and Gas Equipment

    60.2          37.7          22.5   

Cryogenics

    3.5          1.3          2.2   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Total Pressure Cylinders

  $ 248.1        $ 233.3        $ 14.8   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Units shipped by principal class of products:

         

Consumer Products

    11,826,910          14,093,639          (2,266,729

Industrial Products

    7,634,572          8,427,042          (792,470

Alternative Fuels

    105,460          100,303          5,157   

Oil and Gas Equipment

    2,548          2,149          399   

Cryogenics

    95          13          82   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Total Pressure Cylinders

    19,569,585          22,623,146          (3,053,561
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales increased $14.8 million over the comparable period in the prior year to $248.1 million. The increase was driven by contributions from recent acquisitions partially offset by lower volume in the industrial and consumer products end markets.

 

   

Operating income decreased $2.7 million from the prior year quarter to $18.6 million as contributions from recent acquisitions were more than offset by higher restructuring charges and lower contributions from the industrial and consumer products end markets. Restructuring charges in the current quarter related to the $2.3 million of severance expense resulting from efforts to scale down costs at our oil and gas equipment facilities.

 

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Engineered Cabs

The following table presents a summary of operating results for our Engineered Cabs operating segment for the periods indicated:

 

     Three Months Ended February 28,  
(Dollars in millions)    2015      % of
Net sales
    2014      % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

   $ 45.4         100.0   $ 51.5         100.0   $ (6.1

Cost of goods sold

     43.6         96.0     45.0         87.4     (1.4
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Gross margin

     1.8         4.0     6.5         12.6     (4.7

Selling, general and administrative expense

     6.3         13.9     7.6         14.8     (1.3

Impairment of goodwill and long-lived assets

     81.6         179.7     -         0.0     81.6   

Restructuring and other income

     (0.3      -0.7     -         0.0     (0.3
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Operating loss

   $ (85.8      -189.0   $ (1.1      -2.1   $ (84.7
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales decreased $6.1 million over the comparable period in the prior year on lower tooling revenue from startup programs and the January 2015 sale of the assets of Advanced Component Technologies, Inc.

 

   

Operating loss of $85.8 million in the current quarter includes impairment charges of $81.6 million for the impairment of goodwill and other long-lived assets. Excluding the impact of impairment charges, operating loss in the current quarter increased $3.1 million due to lower average selling prices and higher operating costs at the facility in Florence, South Carolina. For additional information, refer to “Item 1. – Financial Statements – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – NOTE D – Impairment of Goodwill and Long-Lived Assets” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Other

The Other category includes the Construction Services and Worthington Energy Innovations operating segments, as they do not meet the quantitative thresholds for separate disclosure. Certain income and expense items not allocated to our operating segments are also included in the Other category, including costs associated with our non-captive insurance company, as is the activity related to the wind-down of our former Metal Framing operating segment. The following table presents a summary of operating results for the Other category for the periods indicated:

 

     Three Months Ended February 28,  
(Dollars in millions)    2015      % of
Net sales
    2014      % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

   $ 10.6         100.0   $ 10.5         100.0   $ 0.1   

Cost of goods sold

     11.9         112.3     11.1         105.7     0.8   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Gross margin

     (1.3      -12.3     (0.6      -5.7     (0.7

Selling, general and administrative expense

     -         0.0     2.9         27.6     (2.9

Restructuring and other income

     (0.1      -0.9     (0.4      -3.8     0.3   

Joint venture transactions

     0.1         0.9     0.1         1.0     -   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Operating loss

   $ (1.3      -12.3   $ (3.2      -30.5   $ 1.9   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales were $10.6 million, slightly higher than the $10.5 million reported in the prior year quarter. Increased sales in the Energy Innovations business were mostly offset by lower revenue in Construction Services.

 

   

Operating loss of $1.3 million was $1.9 million lower than the prior year quarter. The improvement resulted from lower losses in Construction Services.

 

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Nine Months Year-to-Date – Fiscal 2015 Compared to Fiscal 2014

Consolidated Operations

The following table presents consolidated operating results for the periods indicated:

 

     Nine Months Ended February 28,  
(Dollars in millions)    2015      % of
Net sales
    2014      % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

   $ 2,538.2         100.0   $ 2,235.4         100.0   $ 302.8   

Cost of goods sold

     2,185.0         86.1     1,873.7         83.8     311.3   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Gross margin

     353.2         13.9     361.7         16.2     (8.5

Selling, general and administrative expense

     219.3         8.6     225.6         10.1     (6.3

Impairment of goodwill and long-lived assets

     97.8         3.9     35.4         1.6     62.4   

Restructuring and other expense (income)

     2.5         0.1     (3.8      -0.2     6.3   

Joint venture transactions

     0.3         0.0     1.0         0.0     (0.7
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Operating income

     33.3         1.3     103.5         4.6     (70.2

Miscellaneous income

     1.8         0.1     13.8         0.6     (12.0

Interest expense

     (27.6      -1.1     (18.7      -0.8     8.9   

Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates

     69.0         2.7     69.2         3.1     (0.2

Income tax expense

     (19.5      -0.8     (38.9      -1.7     (19.4
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Net earnings

     57.0         2.2     128.9         5.8     (71.9

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest

     (9.1      -0.4     (10.8      -0.5     (1.7
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Net earnings attributable to controlling interest

   $ 47.9         1.9   $ 118.1         5.3   $ (70.2
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Net earnings attributable to controlling interest for the nine months ended February 28, 2015 decreased $70.2 million from the comparable period in the prior year. Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales increased $302.8 million from the comparable period in the prior year. Higher overall volume favorably impacted net sales by $268.2 million driven by the impact of recent acquisitions in Steel Processing and Pressure Cylinders.

 

   

Gross margin decreased $8.5 million from the comparable period in the prior year. Higher manufacturing expenses combined with inventory holding losses caused by rapidly falling steel prices in Steel Processing more than offset contributions from recent acquisitions in Steel Processing and Pressure Cylinders.

 

   

SG&A expense decreased $6.3 million from the comparable period in the prior year due primarily to lower profit sharing and bonus expense partially offset by the impact of acquisitions.

 

   

Impairment charges of $97.8 million consisted primarily of $81.6 million for the impairment of goodwill and other long-lived assets in Engineered Cabs. Additional impairment charges in the current period include $6.4 million related to the Company’s 60%-owned consolidated joint venture in India, $3.2 million related to the Company’s aluminum high-pressure cylinder business in New Albany, Mississippi, $3.1 million related to certain non-core Steel Processing assets, $2.4 million related to certain non-core Engineered Cabs assets, and $1.2 million related to the military construction business. Impairment charges in the comparable period in the prior year consisted of $30.7 million related to the write-off of certain trade name intangible assets in connection with a branding initiative committed to during the second quarter of fiscal 2014 and $4.7 million related to certain non-core assets within Steel Processing. For additional information, refer to “Item 1. – Financial Statements – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – NOTE D – Impairment of Goodwill and Long-Lived Assets” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

   

Restructuring and other expense of $2.5 million consisted primarily of $2.3 million of severance expense related to the recently announced workforce reductions in our oil and gas equipment business within Pressure Cylinders.

 

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Miscellaneous income decreased $12.0 million from the comparable period in the prior year due to an $11.0 million non-cash gain in the prior year period related to the acquisition of an additional 10% interest in the TWB joint venture.

 

   

Interest expense of $27.6 million was $8.9 million higher than the comparable period in the prior year. The increase was due to the impact of higher average debt levels resulting from the issuance of $250.0 million of 4.55% unsecured senior notes in April 2014.

 

   

Equity income decreased $0.2 million over the prior year period to $69.0 million on net sales of $1,137.9 million. The equity portion of income from ArtiFlex and WAVE exceeded the prior year period by $3.8 million and $3.5 million, respectively. However, equity income from ClarkDietrich and Serviacero decreased $3.7 million and $1.5 million, respectively, on lower volumes. Inventory holding losses resulting from declining steel prices also contributed to the overall decline in equity income at Serviacero. Additionally, TWB contributed equity income of $1.8 million in the prior year, prior to its consolidation in July of 2013. For additional financial information regarding our unconsolidated affiliates, refer to “Item 1. – Financial Statements – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – NOTE C – Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

   

Income tax expense decreased $19.4 million from the comparable period in the prior year due to lower earnings, primarily resulting from the impact of the impairment charges within Engineered Cabs, offset partially by (i) the impact of trade name impairment charges recorded in the prior year, and (ii) an approximately $7.2 million favorable tax impact associated with the acquisition of an additional 10% interest in TWB recorded in the prior year (the “TWB acquisition adjustment”). The TWB acquisition adjustment related primarily to the estimated U.S. deferred tax liability associated with the unremitted earnings of TWB’s wholly-owned foreign corporations. Tax expense of $19.5 million for the nine months ended February 28, 2015 was calculated using an estimated annual effective rate of 30.9% versus 27.3% in the prior year comparable period. See “Item 1. – Financial Statements – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – NOTE L – Income Taxes” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for more information on our tax rates.

Segment Operations

Steel Processing

The following table presents a summary of operating results for our Steel Processing operating segment for the periods indicated:

 

     Nine Months Ended February 28,  
(Dollars in millions)    2015      % of
Net sales
    2014      % of
Net sales
    Increase/
(Decrease)
 

Net sales

   $ 1,605.8         100.0   $ 1,372.6         100.0   $ 233.2   

Cost of goods sold

     1,427.2         88.9     1,189.7         86.7     237.5   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Gross margin

     178.6         11.1     182.9         13.3     (4.3

Selling, general and administrative expense

     89.5         5.6     95.9         7.0     (6.4

Impairment of long-lived assets

     3.1         0.2     4.7         0.3     (1.6

Restructuring and other income

     (0.1      0.0     (3.4      -0.2     3.3   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Operating income

   $ 86.1         5.4   $ 85.7         6.2   $ 0.4   
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Material cost

   $ 1,171.2         $ 979.8         $ 191.4   

Tons shipped (in thousands)

     2,635           2,333           302   

Net sales and operating highlights were as follows:

 

   

Net sales increased $233.2 million from the comparable period in the prior year on higher volume resulting from the consolidation of TWB and increased sales in the automotive market. Overall volumes were up 11% and the mix of direct versus toll tons processed was 55% to 45%, compared to 57% to 43% in the comparable prior year period.

 

   

Operating income increased $0.4 million from the comparable period in the prior year. Higher manufacturing expenses combined with the unfavorable impact of inventory holding losses in the current year substantially offset the impact of higher volume. SG&A expense decreased due to lower profit sharing and bonus expense. Operating income in the current period included an impairment charge of $3.1 million compared to $4.7 million in the comparable period in the prior year. Impairment charges in both periods related to certain non-core Steel Processing assets. Operating income in the prior year period was favorably impacted by a net restructuring gain of $3.4 million, which consisted of $4.8 million related to the sale of the Company’s Integrated Terminals warehouse facility in Detroit, Michigan, offset by $1.4 million of severance costs accrued in connection with the closure of the Company’s Baltimore steel facility.

 

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Pressure Cylinders

The following table presents a summary of operating results for our Pressure Cylinders operating segment for the periods indicated: