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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - ACTUANT CORPatu10-k08312018ex322.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - ACTUANT CORPatu10-k08312018ex321.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - ACTUANT CORPatu10-k08312018ex312.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - ACTUANT CORPatu10-k08312018ex311.htm
EX-23 - EXHIBIT 23 - ACTUANT CORPatu10-k08312018ex23.htm
EX-21 - EXHIBIT 21 - ACTUANT CORPatu10-k08312018ex21.htm
EX-10.16B - EXHIBIT 10.16B - ACTUANT CORPatu10-k08312018ex1016b.htm
EX-10.16A - EXHIBIT 10.16A - ACTUANT CORPatu10-k08312018ex1016a.htm
EX-10.15B - EXHIBIT 10.15B - ACTUANT CORPatu10-k08312018ex1015b.htm
EX-10.15A - EXHIBIT 10.15A - ACTUANT CORPatu10-k08312018ex1015a.htm
EX-10.14 - EXHIBIT 10.14 - ACTUANT CORPatu10-k08312018ex1014.htm
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended August 31, 2018
OR
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition period from to                             to                             
Commission File No. 1-11288
ACTUANT CORPORATION
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Wisconsin
 
39-0168610
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
N86 W12500 WESTBROOK CROSSING
MENOMONEE FALLS, WISCONSIN 53051
Mailing address: P.O. Box 3241, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201
(Address of principal executive offices)
(262) 293-1500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
(Title of each class)        
  
(Name of each exchange on
which registered)
 
 
Class A Common Stock, par value $0.20 per share
  
New York Stock Exchange
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by checkmark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.        Yes   ☒           No    ☐
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15d of the Act.        Yes    ☐          No    ☒
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.        Yes    ☒          No    ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).        Yes    ☒          No    ☐
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See definition of “accelerated filer,” “large accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
 
x
 
Accelerated filer
 
¨
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
Emerging growth company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.     Yes  ¨    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.):        Yes             No   

As of February 28, 2018, the end of the Registrant's second fiscal quarter, the aggregate market value of the shares of Common Stock (based upon the closing price on the New York Stock Exchange on February 28, 2018) held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was approximately $1.37 billion.

There were 61,016,012 shares of the Registrant’s Class A Common Stock outstanding as of September 30, 2018.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on January 22, 2019 are incorporated by reference into Part III hereof.
 




TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 15.













Actuant Corporation provides free-of-charge access to our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments thereto, through our website, www.actuant.com, as soon as reasonably practical after such reports are electronically filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.



FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS AND CAUTIONARY FACTORS
This annual report on Form 10-K contains certain statements that constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that involve risks and uncertainties. The terms “may,” “should,” “could,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “objective,” “plan,” “project” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results or events to differ materially from those contemplated by such forward-looking statements. In addition to the assumptions and other factors referred to specifically in connection with such statements, factors that may cause actual results or events to differ materially from those contemplated by such forward-looking statements include, without limitation, general economic uncertainty, market conditions in the industrial, oil & gas, energy, power generation, infrastructure, commercial construction, truck, automotive, specialty vehicle and agriculture industries, market acceptance of existing and new products, successful integration of acquisitions and related restructuring, operating margin risk due to competitive pricing and operating efficiencies, supply chain risk, material, labor, or overhead cost increases, foreign currency risk, interest rate risk, commodity risk, the impact of geopolitical activity, tariffs, litigation matters, impairment of goodwill or other intangible assets, the Company’s ability to access capital markets and other factors that may be referred to or noted in the Company’s reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time, including those described under "Item 1A. Risk Factors" of this annual report on Form 10-K. We disclaim any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements as a result of new information, future events or any other reason.
When used herein, the terms “Actuant,” “we,” “us,” “our,” and the “Company” refer to Actuant Corporation and its subsidiaries.
PART I
Item  1.    Business
General
Actuant Corporation, headquartered in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin, was incorporated in 1910. We are a global diversified company that designs, manufactures and distributes a broad range of industrial products and systems to various end markets. As part of our ongoing assessment of segment reporting, during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, the Company’s financial reporting segments were modified to reflect changes in the operating structure of the Company, with the combination of our tools and services businesses and all OEM-related businesses into two operating segments: Industrial Tools & Services and Engineered Components & Systems. All prior period disclosures have been adjusted to reflect the two reportable segments. The Industrial Tools & Services segment is primarily engaged in the design, manufacture and distribution of branded hydraulic and mechanical tools as well as providing services and tool rentals to the industrial, maintenance, infrastructure, oil & gas, energy and other markets. The Engineered Components & Systems segment provides highly engineered components for on-highway, off-highway, agriculture, energy, medical, construction and other vertical markets. Financial information related to the Company's segments is included in Note 15, "Business Segment, Geographic and Customer Information" in the notes to the consolidated financial statements.
businessmodel18.jpg

1


Our long-term goal is to grow diluted earnings per share faster than other multi-industry peers. We intend to leverage our strong market positions to generate organic core sales growth that exceeds end-market growth rates. Organic growth is accomplished through a combination of share capture, product innovation and market expansion into emerging industries and geographic regions. In addition to organic growth, strong cash flow generation is achieved by maximizing returns on assets and minimizing primary working capital needs. The cash flow that results from efficient asset management and improved profitability is used to fund internal growth opportunities, strategic acquisitions and common stock repurchases. We also focus on profit margin expansion and cash flow generation to achieve our financial objectives. Our LEAD (“Lean Enterprise Across Disciplines”) Business System utilizes continuous improvement techniques to reduce costs, improve efficiencies and drive operational excellence across all locations and functions worldwide, thereby expanding profit margins and improving the customer experience. Our LEAD efforts also support our core sales growth.
Our businesses provide an array of products and services across multiple end markets and geographies, which results in significant diversification. The long-term sales growth and profitability of our business is dependent not only on increased demand in end markets and the overall economic environment, but also on our ability to identify, consummate and integrate strategic acquisitions, develop and market innovative new products, expand our business activity geographically and continuously improve operational excellence. We remain focused on improving our financial position and flexibility by adjusting our cost structure to reflect changes in demand levels and by proactively managing working capital and cash flow generation.
Description of Business Segments
Industrial Tools & Services
The Industrial Tools & Services segment is a global supplier of both products and services to a broad array of end markets, including industrial, energy, mining and production automation markets. Our primary products include branded tools, highly engineered heavy lifting technology solutions, connectors for oil & gas and hydraulic torque wrenches. On the services side of the segment, we provide energy maintenance and manpower services to meet customer-specific needs and rental capabilities for certain of our products. Our branded tools and services are marketed primarily through the Enerpac, Hydratight, Larzep, Simplex, Biach, Equalizer and Mirage brand names.
Our Industrial Tools & Services segment includes high-force hydraulic and mechanical tools (cylinders, pumps, valves and specialty tools) which are designed to allow users to apply controlled force and motion to increase productivity, reduce labor costs and make work safer and easier to perform. These tools operate at very high pressures of approximately 5,000 to 12,000 pounds per square inch and are generally sold by a diverse group of industrial and specialty fluid power distributors to customers in various industries. Examples of industrial distributors include W.W. Grainger, MSC and Blackwoods.
Our products also include bolt tensioners, connectors for oil & gas and other miscellaneous products. With our products used in a wide variety of end markets, they are often deployed in harsh operating conditions, such as oil & gas production, machining and infrastructure maintenance and repair, where safety is a key differentiator. As a result, we hold ourselves to a world class safety standard to ensure both our employees and our customers are safe.
In addition to providing a comprehensive line of tools and other products, the Industrial Tools & Services segment sustains a services and rental network providing highly trained technicians to perform bolting, machining and joint integrity work for our customers. The segment delivers products and services through a localized infrastructure of product, rental and maintenance depots.
We will also focus on acquiring complementary businesses that provide product line and regional expansion opportunities, while leveraging existing and new distribution channels.
Engineered Components & Systems
The Engineered Components & Systems segment is a leading global designer, manufacturer and assembler of system critical position and motion control systems, high performance ropes, cables and umbilicals and other customized industrial components to various vehicle, construction, agricultural and other niche markets. The segment focuses on providing technical and highly engineered products, including actuation systems, mechanical power transmission products, engine air flow management systems, human to machine interface ("HMI") solutions and other rugged electronic instrumentation. Products in the Engineered Components & Systems segment are primarily marketed directly to original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) and other diverse customers through a technical sales organization. Within this segment, engineering capabilities, technical service, price, quality and established customer relationships are key competitive advantages.
Approximately forty percent of the Engineered Components & Systems segment's revenue comes from our On-Highway product line (Power-Packer and Gits brands), with sales to the heavy duty truck, automotive and specialty vehicle markets. Products include hydraulic cab-tilt and latching systems which are sold to global heavy duty truck OEMs such as Volvo, Scania, Paccar-DAF, FAW and CNHTC, as well as automotive electro-hydraulic convertible top latching and actuation systems.

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The automotive convertible top actuation systems are utilized on both retractable soft and hard top vehicles manufactured by OEMs such as Daimler, General Motors, Volkswagen and BMW. Our diesel engine air flow solutions, such as exhaust gas recirculation (“EGR”) systems and air flow actuators, are used by diesel engine and turbocharger manufacturers to reduce emissions, improve fuel efficiency and increase horsepower. Primary end markets include heavy duty truck and equipment serving customers such as Caterpillar, Cummins, MAN, Honeywell and Borg Warner.
The Agriculture, Off-Highway and Other product line within the segment includes severe-duty electronic instrumentation (including displays and clusters, machine controls and sensors), HMI solutions and power transmission products (highly engineered power transmission components including drive shafts, torque limiters, gearboxes, torsional dampers and flexible shafts). These products are sold to a variety of niche markets including agricultural, lawn & turf, construction, forestry, industrial, aerospace, material handling and security. Representative customers include John Deere, Caterpillar, AGCO, MacDon, CNH, Stihl and MTD Products.
In addition, our Concrete Tensioning and Rope & Cable product lines provide customized solutions and products to our diverse customer base. Our Concrete Tensioning product line (chucks and wedges, stressing jacks and anchors) is used by concrete tensioning designers, fabricators and installers for residential and commercial construction and bridge, infrastructure and mining markets. We also develop highly-engineered rope, umbilical and cable solutions that maximize performance, safety, and efficiency for our customers in various markets including oil & gas, heavy marine, medical and aerospace defense. Until the fiscal 2018 divestiture of our Viking business, this segment also offered a comprehensive range of marine mooring equipment such as chains, anchors and fiber rope.
International Business
Our products and services are generally available globally, with our principal markets outside the United States being Europe and Asia. In fiscal 2018, we derived 43% of our net sales from the United States, 35% from Europe, 9% from Asia, 5% from the Middle East and 8% from other geographic areas. We have operations around the world and our geographic diversity allows us to draw on the skills of a global workforce, provides flexibility to our operations, allows us to drive economies of scale, provides revenue streams that may help offset economic trends that are specific to individual countries and offers us an opportunity to access new markets. Although international operations are subject to certain risks, we continue to believe that a global presence is key to maintaining strong relationships with many of our global customers. Financial information related to the Company's geographic footprint is included in Note 15, "Business Segment, Geographic and Customer Information" in the notes to the consolidated financial statements.
Product Development and Engineering
We conduct research and development activities to develop new products, enhance the functionality, effectiveness, ease of use and reliability of our existing products and expand the applications for our products. We believe that our engineering and research and development efforts have been and continue to be key drivers of our success in the marketplace. Our advanced design and engineering capabilities contribute to the development of innovative and highly engineered products, maintain our technological leadership in each segment and enhance our ability to provide customers with unique and customized solutions and products. We anticipate that we will continue to make significant expenditures for research and development as we seek to provide innovative products to maintain and improve our competitive position. Research and development costs are expensed as incurred and were $26 million in fiscal 2018, an increase of 18% from $22 million in fiscal 2017 and an increase of 41% from $18 million in fiscal 2016. We also incur costs in connection with fulfilling custom orders and developing unique solutions for distinct customer needs, which are not included in these expense totals.
The Company holds numerous patents and trademarks; however, no individual patent or trademark is believed to be of such importance that its termination would have a material adverse effect on our business.
Competition
The markets for our products are highly competitive. We provide a diverse and broad range of industrial products and systems to numerous global end markets, many of which are highly fragmented. Although we face larger competitors in several served markets, some of our competition is comprised of smaller companies which may lack the global footprint or financial resources to serve global customers. We compete for business principally on the basis of customer service, product quality and availability, engineering, research and development expertise and price. In addition, we believe that our cost structure, strategic global sourcing capabilities and global distribution support our competitive position.

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Manufacturing and Operations
While we do have extensive manufacturing capabilities including machining, stamping, injection molding and fabrication, our manufacturing consists primarily of light assembly of components we source from a network of global suppliers. We have implemented single piece flow processes in most of our manufacturing plants, which reduces inventory levels, lowers “re-work” costs and shortens lead times to customers. Components are built to our highly engineered specifications by a variety of suppliers, including those in low cost countries such as China, Turkey, India and Mexico. We have built strong relationships with our key suppliers and, while we single source certain of our components, in most cases there are several qualified alternative sources.
Raw Material Costs and Inflation
We source materials and components from a network of global suppliers. These items are typically available from multiple suppliers. Raw materials that go into the components we source, such as steel and plastic resin, are subject to price fluctuations and tariffs, which could have an impact on our results. While no meaningful measures of inflation specific to our products are available because we have significant operations in countries with diverse rates of inflation and currency rate movements, we have more than offset the impact of inflation in recent years with manufacturing efficiencies, cost reductions and annual pricing actions.
Order Backlogs and Seasonality
Our Industrial Tools & Services segment has a relatively short order-to-ship cycle, while our OEM-oriented Engineered Components & Systems segment has a longer cycle, and therefore typically has a larger backlog. We had order backlogs of $197 million and $195 million at August 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Substantially all orders are expected to be filled within twelve months. While we typically experience a stronger second half to our fiscal year, our consolidated sales are not subject to significant seasonal fluctuations.

Sales Percentages by Fiscal Quarter
 
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
Quarter 1 (September - November)
 
24
%
 
24
%
 
 
Quarter 2 (December - February)
 
23
%
 
24
%
 
 
Quarter 3 (March - May)
 
27
%
 
27
%
 
 
Quarter 4 (June - August)
 
26
%
 
25
%
 
 
 
 
100
%
 
100
%
 
Employees
At August 31, 2018, we had approximately 5,300 employees. Our employees generally are not subject to collective bargaining agreements, with the exception of approximately 300 U.S. production employees and certain international employees covered by government mandated collective labor agreements. We believe we have a good working relationship with our employees globally.
Environmental Matters
Our operations, like those of most industrial businesses, are subject to federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment, including those regulating discharges of hazardous materials into the air and water, the storage and disposal of such hazardous materials and the clean-up of soil and groundwater contamination. We believe that we are in material compliance with applicable environmental regulations. Compliance with these laws requires expenditures on an ongoing basis. However, environmental expenditures over the last three years have not been material. Soil and groundwater contamination has been identified at certain facilities that we operate or formerly owned or operated. We are also a party to certain state and local environmental matters, have provided environmental indemnifications for certain divested businesses and retain responsibility for certain potential environmental liabilities. For further information, see Note 16, “Commitments and Contingencies” in the notes to consolidated financial statements.

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Executive Officers of the Registrant
The names, ages and positions of all of the executive officers of the Company as of October 15, 2018 are listed below.
Name
 
Age
 
Position
Randal W. Baker
 
55
 
President and Chief Executive Officer
Rick T. Dillon
 
47
 
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Fabrizio R. Rasetti
 
52
 
Executive Vice President—General Counsel and Secretary
Roger A. Roundhouse
 
53
 
Executive Vice President—Engineered Components & Systems Segment
J. Jeffrey Schmaling
 
59
 
Executive Vice President—Industrial Tools & Services Segment
Andre L. Williams
 
59
 
Executive Vice President—Global Human Resources
Randal W. Baker, President, Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Baker was appointed President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company in March 2016. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Baker held multiple roles during a six year tenure at Joy Global, including most recently as Chief Operating Officer. Prior to Joy Global, Mr. Baker was an executive with Case New Holland Inc., holding a variety of roles including President and CEO of its agricultural equipment business. Mr. Baker also held diverse leadership roles in marketing, sales, product development and engineering at Komatsu America Corporation, Ingersoll-Rand and Sandvik Corporation.
Rick T. Dillon, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, joined the Company in December 2016. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Dillon served as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Century Aluminum Co. Prior to that, Mr. Dillon served as Vice President-Finance Global Surface Mining Group and Vice President-Controller and Chief Accounting Officer of Joy Global Inc. from 2009 to 2014. Prior to Joy Global, Mr. Dillon served as Vice President-Business Planning and Analysis and Vice President-Controller and Chief Accounting Officer at Newell Brands, and Vice President-Controller and Chief Accounting Officer at Briggs & Stratton Corporation.
Fabrizio R. Rasetti, Executive Vice President—General Counsel and Secretary, joined Actuant in May 2018 from Boart Longyear where he held the position of Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary since 2006. For the ten years prior he worked at SPX Corporation in roles of increasing responsibility including Segment General Counsel & Vice President, Business Development, Flow Segment. Earlier in his career he worked in private law practice.
Roger A. Roundhouse, Executive Vice President—Engineered Components & Systems segment. Mr. Roundhouse joined the Company in 2014, from General Cable, where he most recently held the position of Senior Vice President and General Manager Utility Products. Mr. Roundhouse brings extensive automotive, industrial and OEM knowledge, as well as over 20 years of experience with global operations and mergers & acquisitions.
J. Jeffrey Schmaling, Executive Vice President—Industrial Tools & Services segment joined Actuant in his current role in February 2018. Prior to Actuant he held the position of President, North America for Komatsu Mining Corporation (formerly Joy Global Inc.) since 2010. Prior to that, he served as Senior Director Dealer Development and Account Management at Case International Harvester, a Division of Fiat S.p.A. Earlier in his 30 plus year career he held various sales, marketing and product development roles.
Andre L. Williams, Executive Vice President—Global Human Resources. Mr. Williams joined the Company in January 2017 as Vice President Human Resources within our segments and was promoted to Executive Vice President—Global Human Resources in September 2017. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Williams was the Vice President Human Resources for Global Sales & Marketing and Control Products & Solutions at Rockwell Automation. Prior to Rockwell Automation, Mr. Williams held Human Resource roles of increasing responsibility at Joy Global, Accenture, Best Buy, Beloit Corporation, Morton International and South African Breweries.
Item  1A.    Risk Factors
The risks and uncertainties described below are those that we have identified as material, but are not the only risks and uncertainties facing the Company. If any of the events contemplated by the following risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition, or results of operations could be materially adversely affected. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently believe are immaterial also may adversely impact our business.
Deterioration of, or instability in, the domestic and international economy and challenging end market conditions could impact our ability to grow the business and adversely impact our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Our businesses and operating results have been, and will continue to be, affected by domestic and international economic conditions. The level of demand for our products depends, in part, on general economic conditions in our served end markets. A substantial portion of our revenues is derived from customers in cyclical industries (vehicles, industrial, oil & gas, agriculture

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and mining) that typically are adversely affected by downward economic cycles. As global economic uncertainty continues, our customers may experience deterioration of their businesses, which may delay or lengthen sales cycles. Beginning in fiscal 2016, we experienced challenging and inconsistent demand in several of our served markets, including oil & gas, mining, infrastructure, commercial and off-highway vehicles and agriculture markets. As a result of these and other factors, we implemented various restructuring initiatives aimed at reducing our cost structure and improving operational performance. While we have seen recovery in those end markets, we are still executing on restructuring initiatives previously announced. Further, we may implement additional restructuring initiatives in response to further market challenges to achieve additional efficiencies. Such initiatives could result in restructuring costs, including facility consolidations, workforce reductions and structural realignment. Although we expect that the related cost savings and realization of efficiencies will offset the restructuring related costs over time, we may not achieve the desired net benefits of these efforts (see Note 3, "Restructuring Charges" and "Business Update" within Item 7 for further discussion of our restructuring activities and future anticipated cost savings).
The integration of our three historic operating segments into two segments could negatively impact our business.
We have reorganized our operations, in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, into two new operating segments: the Industrial Tools & Services and the Engineered Components & Systems segments. The segment realignment may not yield expected benefits and also could result in unexpected negative impacts, including, without limitation, loss of key employees, integration difficulties, loss of key customers or other adverse effects.
Our growth strategy includes strategic acquisitions. We may not be able to consummate future acquisitions or successfully integrate them.
A significant portion of our growth has come from strategic acquisitions of businesses. We plan to continue making acquisitions to enhance our global market position and broaden our product offerings. Our ability to successfully execute acquisitions will be impacted by a number of factors, including the availability of financing on terms acceptable to us, our ability to identify acquisition candidates that meet our valuation parameters and increased competition for acquisitions. The process of integrating acquired businesses into our existing operations also may result in unforeseen operating difficulties and may require additional financial resources and attention from management that would otherwise be available for the ongoing development or expansion of our existing operations. Although we expect to successfully integrate any acquired businesses, we may not achieve the desired net benefit in the time-frame planned. Failure to effectively execute our acquisition strategy or successfully integrate the acquired businesses could have an adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
We may not be able to realize planned benefits from acquired companies.
We may not be able to realize planned benefits from acquired companies. Achieving those benefits depends on the timely, efficient and successful execution of a number of post-acquisition events, including integrating the acquired business into the Company. Factors that could affect our ability to achieve these benefits include:
difficulties in integrating and managing personnel, financial reporting and other systems used by the acquired businesses;
the failure of acquired businesses to perform in accordance with our expectations;
failure to achieve anticipated synergies between our business units and the business units of acquired businesses;
the loss of customers of acquired businesses;
the loss of key managers of acquired businesses; or
other material adverse events in the acquired businesses.
If acquired businesses do not operate as we anticipate, it could materially impact our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, acquired businesses may operate in niche markets in which we have little or no experience. In such instances, we will be highly dependent on existing managers and employees to manage those businesses, and the loss of any key managers or employees of the acquired business could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
The indemnification provisions of acquisition agreements may result in unexpected liabilities.
Certain acquisition agreements from past and current acquisitions require the former owners to indemnify us against certain liabilities related to the operation of each of their companies. In most of these agreements, the liability of the former owners is limited to specific warranties given in the agreement, as well as, in amount and duration and certain former owners may not be able to meet their indemnification responsibilities. These indemnification provisions may not fully protect us, and as a result we may face unexpected liabilities that adversely affect our profitability and financial position.

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Our goodwill and other intangible assets represent a substantial amount of our total assets.
Our total assets reflect substantial intangible assets, primarily goodwill. At August 31, 2018, goodwill and other intangible assets totaled $693 million, or 47% of our total assets. The goodwill results from acquisitions, representing the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and other identifiable intangible assets we have acquired. We assess annually whether there has been impairment in the value of our goodwill or indefinite-lived intangible assets. If future operating performance at one or more of our reporting units were to fall below current levels, we could be required to recognize a non-cash charge to operating earnings to impair the related goodwill or other intangible assets. We recognized $34 million,$16 million, and $187 million in non-cash impairment charges in fiscal 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively, related to the goodwill, intangible assets and long-lived assets of several of our businesses (see Note 6, "Goodwill, Intangible Assets and Long-Lived Assets" and "Critical Accounting Policies" for further discussion on goodwill, intangible asset and long-lived asset impairments). Any future goodwill or intangible asset impairments could negatively affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Divestitures and discontinued operations could negatively impact our business, and retained liabilities from businesses that we sell could adversely affect our financial results.
As part of our portfolio management process, we review our operations for businesses which may no longer be aligned with our strategic initiatives and long-term objectives. For example, over the past three years, we have divested our Sanlo product line and Viking business and currently are marketing our Cortland Fibron business for sale. We continue to review our portfolio and may pursue additional divestitures. Divestitures pose risks and challenges that could negatively impact our business, including required separation or carve-out activities and costs, disputes with buyers or potential impairment charges. We may also dispose of a business at a price or on terms that are less than we had previously anticipated. During the past three years, we have recognized charges related to divestitures and loss on product line divestiture of $49 million, $117 million and $5 million in fiscal 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively (see Note 5, "Divestiture Activities" for further discussion on divestiture activities and related charges). After reaching an agreement with a buyer for the disposition of a business, we are also subject to satisfaction of pre-closing conditions, as well as necessary regulatory and governmental approvals on acceptable terms, which may prevent us from completing a transaction. Dispositions may also involve continued financial involvement, as we may be required to retain responsibility for, or agree to indemnify buyers against contingent liabilities related to a businesses sold, such as lawsuits, tax liabilities, lease payments, product liability claims or environmental matters. Under these types of arrangements, performance by the divested businesses or other conditions outside of our control could affect future financial results.
If we do not realize the expected benefits or synergies of any divestiture transaction, our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows could be negatively impacted. Any divestiture may result in a dilutive impact to our future earnings if we are unable to offset the dilutive impact from the loss of revenue associated with the divestiture, as well as significant write-offs, including those related to goodwill and other intangible assets, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
If we fail to develop new products, or customers do not accept our new products, our business could be adversely affected.
Our ability to develop innovative new products can affect our competitive position and often requires the investment of significant resources. Difficulties or delays in research, development, production or commercialization of new products, or failure to gain market acceptance of new products and technologies, may reduce future sales and adversely affect our competitive position. Operational excellence processes including effective product sourcing, lean manufacturing, acquisition integration and leadership development, along with other continuous improvement activities, are utilized to improve our businesses. There can be no assurance that we will have sufficient resources to make such investments, that we will be able to make the technological advances necessary to maintain competitive advantages or that we can recover major research and development expenses. If we fail to make innovations, launch products with quality problems, experience development cost overruns, or the market does not accept our new products, then our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and liquidity could be adversely affected.
Uncertainty over global tariffs, or the financial impact of tariffs, may negatively affect our results.
Recent changes in U.S. domestic and global tariff frameworks have increased our costs of producing goods and resulted in additional risks to our supply chain. More tariff changes also are possible. We have developed strategies to mitigate previously implemented and, in some cases, proposed tariff increases, but there is no assurance we will be able to continue to mitigate tariff increases in substantial part. Further, uncertainties about future tariff changes could result in mitigation actions that prove to be detrimental to our business.


7


Our indebtedness could harm our operating flexibility and competitive position.
We have incurred, and may in the future incur, significant indebtedness in connection with acquisitions and share repurchases. We have, and will continue to have, a substantial amount of debt which requires interest and principal payments. Our level of debt and the limitations imposed on us by our debt agreements could adversely affect our operating flexibility and put us at a competitive disadvantage.
Our ability to make scheduled principal and interest payments, refinance our indebtedness and satisfy our other debt and lease obligations will depend upon our future operating performance and credit market conditions, which could be adversely affected by factors beyond our control. In addition, there can be no assurance that future borrowings or equity financings will be available to us on favorable terms, or at all, for the payment or refinancing of our indebtedness. If we are unable to service our indebtedness, our business, financial condition and results of operations will be adversely affected.
The financial and other covenants in our debt agreements may adversely affect us.
Our senior credit agreement and our other debt agreement contain financial and other restrictive covenants. These covenants could adversely affect us by limiting our financial and operating flexibility as well as our ability to plan for and react to market conditions and to meet our capital needs. Our failure to comply with these covenants could result in events of default which, if not cured or waived, could result in us being required to repay indebtedness before its due date and we may not have the financial resources or be able to arrange alternative financing to do so. Borrowings under our senior credit facility are secured by most domestic personal property assets and are guaranteed by most of our domestic subsidiaries and by a pledge of the stock of most of our domestic and certain foreign subsidiaries. If borrowings under our senior credit facility were declared or became due and payable immediately as the result of an event of default and we were unable to repay or refinance those borrowings, the lenders could foreclose on the pledged assets and stock. Any event that requires us to repay any of our debt before it is due could require us to borrow additional amounts at unfavorable borrowing terms, cause a significant reduction in our liquidity and impair our ability to pay amounts due on our indebtedness. Moreover, if we are required to repay any of our debt before it becomes due, we may be unable to borrow additional amounts or otherwise obtain the cash necessary to repay that debt, when due, which could seriously harm our business.
Our businesses operate in highly competitive markets, so we may be forced to cut prices or incur additional costs.
Our businesses generally face substantial competition, domestically and internationally, in each of their respective markets. We may lose market share in certain businesses or be forced to reduce prices or incur increased costs to maintain existing business. We compete globally on the basis of product design, quality, availability, performance, customer service and price. The entry of a new, well-capitalized large company into one of our markets, or its acquisition of an existing competitor, could adversely impact our competitiveness due to the new entrant's greater financial or other resources. Present or future competitors may have greater financial, technical or other resources which could put us at a competitive disadvantage. In addition, some of our competitors may be willing to reduce prices and accept lower margins in order to compete with us.
Our international operations pose currency and other risks.
We continue to focus on penetrating global markets as part of our overall growth strategy and expect sales from and into foreign markets to continue to represent a significant portion of our revenue. Approximately 57% of our sales in fiscal 2018     were outside the United States. In addition, many of our manufacturing operations and suppliers are located outside the United States. Our international operations present special risks, primarily from currency exchange rate fluctuations, exposure to local economic and political conditions, export and import restrictions, controls on repatriation of cash and exposure to local political conditions. Changes in foreign currency exchange rates will continue to add volatility as over one-half of our sales are generated outside of the United States in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. In addition, United States tax reform has significantly changed how foreign operations are taxed in the United States. We are monitoring new regulations related to tax reform as they become available and continue to review how tax reform will impact our tax rate going forward.  We earn a substantial portion of our income from international operations and therefore changes to United States international tax rules may have a material adverse effect on future results of operations or liquidity. To the extent that we expand our international presence, these risks may increase.


8


Geopolitical unrest and terrorist activities may cause the economic conditions in the U.S. or abroad to deteriorate, which could harm our business.
Terrorist attacks against targets in the U.S. or abroad, rumors or threats of war, other geopolitical activity or trade disruptions may impact our operations or cause general economic conditions in the U.S. and abroad to deteriorate. A prolonged economic slowdown or recession in the U.S. or in other areas of the world could reduce the demand for our products and, therefore, negatively affect our future sales. Any of these events could have a significant impact on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
Our significant reliance on third-party suppliers for components for the manufacture, assembly and sale of our products involves risks.
We rely on suppliers to secure component products and finished goods required for the manufacture and assembly of our products. A disruption in deliveries to or from key suppliers, or decreased availability of components or commodities, could have an adverse effect on our ability to meet our commitments to customers or increase our operating costs.  Further, poor supplier quality or an insecure supply chain could adversely affect the reliability, performance and reputation of our products. Additionally, if demand for our products is less than we expect, we may experience excess inventories and be forced to incur additional charges and our profitability may suffer. Our business, competitive position, results of operations or financial condition could be negatively impacted if supply is insufficient for our operations, if we experience excess inventories or if we are unable to adjust our production schedules or our purchases from suppliers to reflect changes in customer demand and market fluctuations on a timely basis.
A material disruption at a significant manufacturing facility could adversely affect our ability to generate sales and meet customer demand.
Our financial performance could be adversely affected as a result of our inability to meet customer demand for our products in the event of a material disruption at one of our significant manufacturing facilities. Equipment failures, natural disasters, power outages, fires, explosions, terrorism, adverse weather conditions, labor disputes or other influences could create a material disruption. Interruptions to production could increase our cost of sales, harm our reputation and adversely affect our ability to attract or retain our customers. Our business continuity plans may not be sufficient to address disruptions attributable to such risks. Any interruption in production capability could require us to make substantial capital expenditures to remedy the situation, which could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Large or rapid increases in the costs of commodities and raw materials, including impact of tariffs, or substantial decreases in their availability could adversely affect our operations.
The primary raw materials that are used in our products include steel, plastic resin, brass, steel wire and rubber. Most of our suppliers are not currently parties to long-term contracts with us. Consequently, we are vulnerable to fluctuations in prices of such raw materials, including the impact of tariffs. Factors such as supply and demand, freight costs and transportation availability, inventory levels, the level of imports and general economic conditions may affect the prices of raw materials that we need. If we experience a significant increase in raw material prices, or if we are unable to pass along increases in raw material prices to our customers, our results of operations could be adversely affected. In addition, an increasing portion of our products are sourced from low cost regions. Changes in export laws, taxes, tariffs and disruptions in transportation routes could adversely impact our results of operations.
We are subject to a wide variety of laws and regulations that may change in ways that are detrimental to our competitiveness or results.
Our businesses are subject to regulation under a broad range of U.S. and foreign laws and regulations. There is no assurance that such laws, regulations and policies will not be changed in ways that will require us to modify our business models and objectives or affect our results by restricting existing activities and products, subjecting them to escalating costs or prohibiting them outright. Particular legislative, regulatory or other areas that may have an effect on our structure, operations, markets, sales, liquidity, tax rate or the results of our businesses include exports controls, anti-corruption law, competition law, data privacy regulations, currency controls and economic or political sanctions.
Costs and liabilities arising from legal proceedings, including from divested or discontinued businesses, could be material and adversely impact our financial results.
We are subject to a variety of legal and regulatory proceedings. We maintain insurance and have established reserves for these matters as appropriate and in accordance with applicable accounting standards and practices. Insurance coverage, to the extent it is available, may not cover all losses arising from such contingencies. Also, estimating legal reserves or possible losses involves significant judgment and may not reflect the full range of uncertainties and unpredictable outcomes inherent in litigation and investigations, and the actual losses arising from particular matters may exceed our current estimates and

9


adversely affect our results of operations. We also expect that additional legal proceedings and other contingencies will arise from time to time, and we cannot predict the magnitude and outcome of such additional matters. Moreover, we operate in jurisdictions where claims involving us may be adjudicated within legal systems that are less developed and less reliable than those of the U.S. or other more developed markets, and this can create additional uncertainty about the outcome of proceedings before courts or other governmental bodies in such markets.
Legal compliance risks could result in significant costs to our business or cause us to restrict current activities or curtail growth plans.
We and our representatives operate in industries, markets and jurisdictions in which we are exposed to inherent compliance risks and that are subject to significant scrutiny by regulators, governmental authorities and other persons. We continue to strengthen our risk management and compliance programs to mitigate such risks and operate in compliance with applicable laws, but the global and diverse nature of our operations, the complex and high-risk nature of some of our markets and the current enforcement environment mean that legal and compliance risks will continue to exist throughout our operations. The consequences of compliance risks could include enforcement actions or private litigation resulting in significant defense and investigation costs, fines and penalties, and a broad range of remedial actions, including potential restrictions on our operations and other adverse changes to our business plans. See Note 16, "Commitments and Contingencies" in the notes to the consolidated financial statements for additional information about compliance risks.
Health, Safety and Environmental laws and regulations may result in additional costs.
We are subject to federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations governing public and worker health and safety. Violations of these laws could cause us to incur unanticipated liabilities that could harm our operating results. Pursuant to such laws, governmental authorities have required us to contribute to the cost of investigating or remediating certain matters at current or previously owned and operated sites. In addition, we provided environmental indemnities in connection with the sale of certain businesses and product lines. Liability as an owner or operator, or as an arranger for the treatment or disposal of hazardous substances, can be joint and several and can be imposed without regard to fault. There is a risk that costs relating to these matters could be greater than what we currently expect or exceed our insurance coverage, or that additional remediation and compliance obligations could arise which require us to make material expenditures. In particular, more stringent environmental laws, unanticipated remediation requirements or the discovery of previously unknown conditions could materially harm our financial condition and operating results. We are also required to comply with various environmental laws and maintain permits, some of which are subject to discretionary renewal from time to time, for many of our businesses, and our business operations could be restricted if we are unable to renew existing permits or to obtain any additional permits that we may require.
Our inability to attract, develop and retain qualified employees could have a material adverse impact on our operations.
Our ability to deliver financial results and drive growth and pursue competitive advantages in our business substantially depends on our ability to retain key employees and continually attract new talent to the business. If we experience losses of key employees, such as our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, or experience significant delays or difficulty in replacing them, our operations, competitive positions and financial results may be adversely affected. Competition for highly qualified personnel is intense and our competitors and others can be expected to attempt to hire our skilled employees from time to time. Additionally, we need qualified managers and skilled employees with technical and manufacturing industry experience to operate our businesses successfully. From time to time there may be shortages of skilled labor which may make it more difficult and expensive for us to attract and retain qualified employees or lead to increased labor costs.
Cyber security vulnerabilities, threats and more sophisticated and targeted computer crime could pose a risk to our systems, networks, products, solutions, services and data. 
Increased global cyber security vulnerabilities, threats, computer viruses and more sophisticated and targeted cyber-related attacks, as well as cyber security failures resulting from human error and technological errors, pose a risk to our systems, products and data as well as potentially to our employees’, customers', partners', suppliers' and third-party service providers' data. We attempt to mitigate these risks by employing a number of measures, including employee training, monitoring and testing, and maintenance of protective systems and contingency plans, but we remain potentially vulnerable to additional known or unknown threats. There is no assurance the impact from such threats will not be material and it could result in security breaches, theft, lost or corrupted data, misappropriation of sensitive, confidential or personal data or information, loss of trade secrets and commercially valuable information, production downtimes and operational disruptions.


10


Our intellectual property portfolio may not prevent competitors from developing products and services similar to or duplicative to ours, and the value of our intellectual property may be negatively impacted by external dependencies.
Our patents, trademarks and other intellectual property may not prevent competitors from independently developing or selling products and services similar to or duplicative of ours or that our intellectual property portfolio will adequately deter misappropriation or improper use of our innovations and technology. In addition, additional steps we take to protect our intellectual property, including non-disclosure agreements, may not prevent the misappropriation of our business critical secrets and information. In such circumstances, our competitive position and the value of our brand may be negatively impacted.
Our competitors or other persons could assert that we have infringed their intellectual property rights.
We may be the target of enforcement of patents or other intellectual property rights by third parties. Regardless of the merit of such claims, responding to infringement claims can be expensive and time-consuming. If we are found to infringe any third-party rights, we could be required to pay substantial damages or we could be enjoined from offering some of our products and services.
Our customers and other business partner often require terms and conditions that expose us to significant risks and liabilities.
We operate in end-markets and industries in which our customers and business partners seek to contractually shift significant risks associated with their operations or projects to us. We continue to review and improve our commercial and contracting practices to manage the risks we are assuming, but we cannot assure that material liabilities will not arise from our contracts with our business partners. Also, as we impose more stringent contracting standards on our operations, we may experience market share losses or the reduction in growth opportunities.
Item  1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments
None.

Item  2.    Properties
As of August 31, 2018, we operated the following facilities (square footage in thousands):
 
 
Number of Locations
 
Square Footage
 
 
 
 
Distribution /
Sales /
Admin
 
 
 
 
 
 
Manufacturing
 
Total
 
Owned
 
Leased
 
Total
Industrial Tools & Services
 
13

 
31

 
44

 
228

 
1,102

 
1,330

Engineered Components & Systems
 
17

 
6

 
23

 
823

 
1,013

 
1,836

Corporate and other
 
1

 
5

 
6

 
353

 
165

 
518

 
 
31

 
42

 
73

 
1,404

 
2,280

 
3,684

We consider our facilities suitable and adequate for the purposes for which they are used and do not anticipate difficulty in renewing existing leases as they expire or in finding alternative facilities. Our largest facilities are located in the United States, the United Kingdom, Turkey, China, the Netherlands, Mexico and Spain. We also maintain a presence in Australia, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Norway, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden and the United Arab Emirates. See Note 10, “Leases” in the notes to the consolidated financial statements for information regarding our lease commitments.
Item  3.    Legal Proceedings
We are a party to various legal proceedings that have arisen in the normal course of business. These legal proceedings typically include claims for product liability, labor and employment, patent and breach of contract.
We have recorded reserves for estimated losses based on the specific circumstances of each case. Such reserves are recorded when it is probable that a loss has been incurred as of the balance sheet date and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. In our opinion, the resolution of these contingencies is not likely to have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. For further information refer to Note 16, “Commitments and Contingencies” in the notes to consolidated financial statements.
Item  4.    Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.

11



PART II
 
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The Company’s Class A common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol ATU. At September 30, 2018, there were 1,215 shareholders of record of Actuant Corporation Class A common stock. The high and low closing prices of the common stock were as follows for the previous two fiscal years:
Fiscal Year
 
Period
 
High
 
Low
2018
 
June 1, 2018 to August 31, 2018
 
$
29.75

 
$
23.55

 
 
March 1, 2018 to May 31, 2018
 
25.05

 
22.05

 
 
December 1, 2017 to February 28, 2018
 
27.50

 
22.50

 
 
September 1, 2017 to November 30, 2017
 
27.00

 
24.30

2017
 
June 1, 2017 to August 31, 2017
 
$
27.40

 
$
22.25

 
 
March 1, 2017 to May 31, 2017
 
28.90

 
24.55

 
 
December 1, 2016 to February 28, 2017
 
29.30

 
21.60

 
 
September 1, 2016 to November 30, 2016
 
24.19

 
21.68

Dividends
In fiscal 2018, the Company declared a dividend of $0.04 per common share payable on October 15, 2018 to shareholders of record on September 28, 2018. In fiscal 2017, the Company declared a dividend of $0.04 per common share payable on October 16, 2017 to shareholders of record on September 29, 2017.
Share Repurchases
The Company's Board of Directors has authorized the repurchase of shares of the Company's common stock under publicly announced share repurchase programs. Since the inception of the initial share repurchase program in fiscal 2012, the Company has repurchased 20,439,434 shares of common stock for $618 million. There were no share repurchases during the fiscal year ended August 31, 2018.
Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans
The information required by Item 201(d) of Regulation S-K is provided under Item 12, Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters, which is incorporated herein by reference.


12


Performance Graph:
The graph below compares the cumulative 5-year total return of Actuant Corporation’s common stock with the cumulative total returns of the S&P 500 index and the Dow Jones US Diversified Industrials index. The graph tracks the performance of a $100 investment in our common stock and in each of the indexes (assuming the reinvestment of all dividends) from August 31, 2013 to August 31, 2018.
chart-169a5b29bdc352b69f4.jpg
Copyright© 2018 Standard & Poor's, a division of S&P Global. All rights reserved.
Copyright© 2018 S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC, a division of S&P Global. All rights reserved.



 
8/13
 
8/14
 
8/15
 
8/16
 
8/17
 
8/18
Actuant Corporation
 
$
100.00

 
$
94.53

 
$
60.16

 
$
67.02

 
$
67.75

 
$
83.10

S&P 500
 
100.00

 
125.25

 
125.84

 
141.64

 
164.64

 
197.01

Dow Jones US Diversified Industrials
 
100.00

 
119.37

 
119.23

 
150.89

 
149.18

 
133.71

The stock price performance included in this graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.


13



Item 6.    Selected Financial Data
The following selected historical financial data have been derived from the consolidated financial statements of the Company. The data should be read in conjunction with these financial statements and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
 
 
Year Ended August 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
(in millions, except per share data)
Statement of Earnings Data(1)(2):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
$
1,183

 
$
1,096

 
$
1,149

 
$
1,249

 
$
1,400

Gross profit
 
415

 
380

 
403

 
462

 
547

Selling, administrative and engineering expenses
 
292

 
278

 
274

 
300

 
332

Amortization of intangible assets
 
21

 
20

 
23

 
24

 
25

Loss (gain) on product line divestiture
 

 

 
5

 

 
(13
)
Director & officer transition charges
 

 
8

 

 

 

Restructuring charges
 
12

 
7

 
15

 

 

Impairment & divestiture charges
 
73

 
117

 
187

 
84

 

Operating profit (loss)
 
18

 
(50
)
 
(100
)
 
54

 
203

(Loss) earnings from continuing operations
 
(22
)
 
(66
)
 
(105
)
 
20

 
141

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted (loss) earnings per share from continuing operations
 
$
(0.36
)
 
$
(1.11
)
 
$
(1.78
)
 
$
0.32

 
$
1.95

Cash dividends per share declared
 
$
0.04

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.04

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted weighted average common shares
 
60,441

 
59,436

 
59,010

 
62,055

 
72,486

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance Sheet Data (at end of period)(2):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
 
$
250

 
$
230

 
$
180

 
$
169

 
$
109

Assets
 
1,481

 
1,517

 
1,439

 
1,637

 
1,857

Debt
 
533

 
562

 
580

 
588

 
390

Net debt (debt less cash)
 
283

 
332

 
400

 
419

 
281

 _______________________
(1)
Results are from continuing operations and exclude the financial results of previously divested businesses reported as discontinued operations (former Electrical segment) in fiscal 2014.

(2)
We have completed various acquisitions that impact the comparability of the selected financial data. The results of operations for these acquisitions are included in our financial results for all periods subsequent to their acquisition date. The following table summarizes the acquisitions that were completed during the last five fiscal years (amounts in millions):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisition
 
Segment
 
Date Completed
 
Sales (a)
 
Purchase Price
Equalizer
 
Industrial Tools & Services
 
May 2018
 
$
6

 
6

Mirage Machines
 
Industrial Tools & Services
 
December 2017
 
12

 
17

Pipeline and Process Services (b)
 
Industrial Tools & Services
 
March 2016
 
32

 
66

Larzep, S.A.
 
Industrial Tools & Services
 
February 2016
 
8

 
16

Hayes Industries, Ltd.
 
Engineered Components & Systems
 
May 2014
 
25

 
31

 _______________________
(a)Represents approximate annual sales at the time of the acquisition.
(b)Acquired the Middle East, Caspian and North Africa operations of Four Quest Energy Inc.

14



Item 7.     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Background
As discussed in Item 1, “Business,” during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, we realigned our Company’s financial reporting segments to reflect changes in our go to market strategy, the operating structure and leadership of the Company, resulting in two reportable segments: Industrial Tools & Services ("IT&S") and Engineered Components & Systems ("EC&S"). The Industrial Tools & Services segment is primarily engaged in the design, manufacture and distribution of branded hydraulic and mechanical tools, as well as providing services and tool rental to the industrial, maintenance, infrastructure, oil & gas, energy and other markets. The Engineered Components & Systems segment provides highly engineered components on-highway, off-highway, agriculture, energy, medical, construction and other vertical markets. Financial information related to the Company's segments is included in Note 15, "Business Segment, Geographic and Customer Information" in the notes to the consolidated financial statements.
Business Update
Our businesses provide an array of products and services across multiple markets and geographies which results in significant diversification. Industrial Tools & Services and Engineered Components & Systems segments continue to benefit from improvements within the broad industrial landscape, mining, infrastructure, commercial and off-highway vehicle and agriculture markets. We expect continued growth, though at a moderated pace, in these markets in fiscal 2019. Reduced capital and maintenance spending in the oil & gas and energy markets in the form of project cancellations, deferrals and scope reductions were headwinds throughout much of fiscal 2018. However, we are expecting to see stabilization of the oil & gas and energy markets in fiscal 2019, which should result in modest improvement in maintenance spending. As a result, we expect consolidated fiscal 2019 core sales (sales growth excluding the impact of acquisitions, divestitures and changes in foreign currency exchange rates) growth of 3% to 5%, compared to a 6% core sales growth in fiscal 2018.
We remain focused on pursuing both organic and inorganic growth opportunities aligned with our strategic objectives. This includes the advancement of our commercial effectiveness initiatives along with new product development efforts. We also remain focused on our lean efforts across our manufacturing, assembly and service operations. Our Industrial Tools & Services segment is focused on accelerating global sales growth through geographic expansion, continuing emphasis on sales and marketing efforts, new product introductions and regional growth via second tier brands. In addition, we remain focused on redirecting sales, marketing and engineering resources to non-oil & gas vertical markets and providing new and existing customers with critical products, rentals, services and solutions in a dynamic energy environment. We expect IT&S segment year-over-year core sales growth of 3% to 5% in fiscal 2019. The EC&S segment is capitalizing on their served end market demand recovery, while also expanding content and engineering capabilities across customers and geographies, resulting in an expected 2% to 5% core sales growth in fiscal 2019.
We continue to analyze our businesses in line with our strategic objectives and are taking portfolio management and segment consolidation actions that are anticipated to improve the operational performance of the Company. During the second quarter of fiscal 2018, we completed the divestiture of our Viking business, thus exiting the offshore mooring business and substantially reducing our exposure to the upstream, offshore oil & gas market. The expected divestiture of our Cortland Fibron business in fiscal 2019 will further limit our exposure to the upstream oil & gas market. During fiscal 2018, we also completed the acquisition of Equalizer and Mirage, both niche providers of industrial and energy maintenance tools, to further strengthen our product and solutions offerings in the IT&S segment.
Across the Company, we are continuing the cost reduction programs initiated at the beginning of 2016. During fiscal 2018, 2017, and 2016 we incurred $13 million, $7 million and $15 million of restructuring costs, respectively. These restructuring costs related primarily to facility consolidation, headcount reductions and operational improvement. We continue to execute on previously announced restructuring initiatives; however, we do not expect associated costs to be material to fiscal 2019 operating results.
Pre-tax cost savings realized from executing these restructuring initiatives totaled approximately $27 million in fiscal 2018, 2017 and 2016 combined. Realized cost savings were comprised of $9 million within the Industrial Tools & Services segment, $15 million within the Engineered Components & Systems segment and $3 million within Corporate. The Company anticipates realizing an incremental $4 million to $7 million in pre-tax cost savings in fiscal 2019 for all previously executed restructuring initiatives. Sixty percent of the anticipated future cost savings are expected to benefit the IT&S segment, another 30% are expected to benefit the EC&S segment and the remaining 10% are expected to benefit Corporate. The annual benefit of these gross cost savings may be impacted by a number of factors, including sales and production volume variances and annual bonus expense differential.


15


Historical Financial Data (in millions)
 
 
Year Ended August 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Statements of Earnings Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
$
1,183

 
100
 %
 
$
1,096

 
100
 %
 
$
1,149

 
100
 %
Cost of products sold
 
767

 
65
 %
 
716

 
65
 %
 
746

 
65
 %
Gross profit
 
416

 
35
 %
 
380

 
35
 %
 
403

 
35
 %
Selling, administrative and engineering expenses
 
292

 
25
 %
 
278

 
25
 %
 
274

 
24
 %
Amortization of intangible assets
 
21

 
2
 %
 
20

 
2
 %
 
23

 
2
 %
Loss on product line divestiture
 

 
0
 %
 

 
0
 %
 
5

 
0
 %
Director & officer transition charges
 

 
0
 %
 
8

 
1
 %
 

 
0
 %
Restructuring charges
 
12

 
1
 %
 
7

 
1
 %
 
15

 
1
 %
Impairment & divestiture charges
 
73

 
6
 %
 
117

 
11
 %
 
187

 
16
 %
Operating profit (loss)
 
18

 
2
 %
 
(50
)
 
(5
)%
 
(100
)
 
(9
)%
Financing costs, net
 
31

 
3
 %
 
30

 
3
 %
 
29

 
3
 %
Other (income) expense, net
 
(1
)
 
0
 %
 
3

 
0
 %
 
1

 
0
 %
Loss before income tax expense (benefit)
 
(12
)
 
(1
)%
 
(83
)
 
(8
)%
 
(130
)
 
(11
)%
Income tax expense (benefit)
 
9

 
1
 %
 
(17
)
 
(2
)%
 
(25
)
 
(2
)%
Net loss
 
$
(21
)
 
(2
)%
 
$
(66
)
 
(6
)%
 
$
(105
)
 
(9
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Financial Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation
 
$
20

 
 
 
$
23

 
 
 
$
25

 
 
Capital expenditures
 
21

 
 
 
28

 
 
 
20

 
 

Fiscal 2018 compared to Fiscal 2017
Consolidated sales in fiscal 2018 were $1.18 billion, 8% higher than the prior year sales of $1.10 billion.  Core sales were up $65 million (6%), with solid core sales growth in both the Industrial Tools & Services and Engineered Components & Systems segments. Changes in foreign currency exchange rates favorably impacted sales comparisons by $29 million, while the net impact from the Mirage and Equalizer acquisitions, net of the Viking divestiture, reduced core sales by $7 million. In addition to changes in foreign currency exchange rates, acquisitions, divestitures and end market conditions, the comparability of results between periods is impacted by sales levels, product mix and the timing and amount of restructuring costs and related benefits. Gross profit margins remained consistent year-over-year as a result of a balanced sales mix and the realization of benefits from restructuring activities was offset by project overruns and production inefficiencies. Additionally, fiscal 2018 results included $46 million of impairment and divestiture charges related to the anticipated sale of the Cortland Fibron business, impairment charges of $24 million on our Precision Hayes International business and $3 million of divestiture charges related to the sale of our Viking business, while fiscal 2017 results included $8 million of director and officer transition charges as well as $117 million of impairment and divestiture charges related to the then pending sale of Viking. Fiscal 2018 included an increase in our effective income tax rate compared to the prior year due to provisional tax charges for the U.S. Tax Reform, the non-recurrence of fiscal 2017 income tax planning benefits and the deductibility and timing related to impairment and divestiture charges in both comparable years.

Fiscal 2017 compared to Fiscal 2016
Consolidated sales in fiscal 2017 were $1.10 billion, 5% lower than the prior year sales of $1.15 billion.  Core sales were down $45 million (4%), as a result of flat core sales in the Engineered Components & Systems segment and an 8% core sales decrease in the Industrial Tools & Services segment due to challenging end market conditions. Changes in foreign currency exchange rates also unfavorably impacted sales comparisons by $11 million, while fiscal 2016 net acquisitions and divestitures added $3 million of sales. Gross profit margins remained consistent year-over-year as a result of a balanced sales mix and realization of benefits from restructuring activities which were offset by difficult market conditions in the oil & gas markets. Additionally, fiscal 2017 results included $8 million of director and officer transition charges as well as impairment and divestiture charges related to the pending sale of the Viking business, while fiscal 2016 results included impairment charges related to the write-down of acquired goodwill, intangible assets and long-lived assets, which reduced operating profits.


16


Segment Results
Industrial Tools & Services Segment
The Industrial Tools & Services segment is a global supplier of branded hydraulic and mechanical tools to a broad array of end markets, including industrial, energy, mining and production automation markets. Its primary products include branded tools, highly engineered heavy lifting technology solutions, connectors for oil & gas, as well as hydraulic torque wrenches (Product product line). On the services side, we provide energy maintenance and manpower services to meet customer-specific needs and rental capabilities for certain of our products (Service & Rental product line). The following table sets forth the results of operations for the IT&S segment (in millions):

 
 
 
Year Ended August 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Net Sales
 
$
591

 
$
553

 
$
588

Operating Profit
 
99

 
96

 
120

Operating Profit %
 
16.8
%
 
17.3
%
 
20.4
%
Fiscal 2018 compared to Fiscal 2017
Fiscal 2018 Industrial Tools & Services segment net sales increased by $39 million (7%) from fiscal 2017 to $591 million. Changes in foreign currency exchange rates favorably impacted sales comparisons by 2%, while the Mirage and Equalizer acquisitions increased net sales by 2%. The IT&S segment core sales increased $16 million (3%) on a year-over-year basis. The core sales increase of 6% for the Product product line reflected broad based industrial tool demand across all major geographies and end markets and contributions from our commercial effectiveness and new product development efforts. This increase was offset by a core sales decrease of $7 million (4%) in the Service & Rental product line as global maintenance activity levels declined from prior year. Operating profit margins decreased from 17.3% in fiscal 2017 to 16.8% in fiscal 2018, due to production inefficiencies and ongoing investments in commercial and engineering activities which were partially offset by the margin expansion impact of incremental volume. Restructuring charges were $4 million and $3 million in fiscal 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Fiscal 2017 compared to Fiscal 2016
Fiscal 2017 Industrial Tools & Services segment net sales decreased by $36 million (6%) from fiscal 2016 to $553 million. Excluding $14 million (2%) of additional sales from fiscal 2016 acquisitions, Larzep and Pipeline and Process Services, and a negligible change in foreign currency exchange rates, fiscal 2017 core sales declined 8% on a year-over-year basis. Sales declined due to the impact of maintenance cancellations, deferrals and scope reductions in the Service & Rental product line, which was offset by a slight increase in industrial tool demand growth across major geographies and end markets. Operating profit margins were 17.3% in fiscal 2017 compared to 20.4% in fiscal 2016. Lower operating profit margin was a result of low labor and tool utilization rates associated with significantly lower volumes. Restructuring charges were $3 million and $4 million for fiscal 2017 and 2016, respectively.
Engineered Components & Systems Segment
The Engineered Components & Systems segment is a leading global designer, manufacturer and assembler of system critical position and motion control systems, high performance ropes, cables and umbilicals and other customized industrial components, to various vehicle, construction, agricultural, energy, medical and other niche markets. The segment focuses on providing technical and highly engineered products, including actuation systems, mechanical power transmission products, engine air flow management systems, HMI solutions, other rugged electronic instrumentation, concrete tensioning and rope and cable. Products in the EC&S segment are primarily marketed directly to OEMs and other diverse customers through our technical sales organization. The following table sets forth comparative results of operations for the EC&S segment (in millions):
 
 
Year Ended August 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Net Sales
 
$
592

 
$
543

 
$
561

Operating Loss (1)
 
(52
)
 
(113
)
 
(191
)
Operating Loss %
 
(8.8
)%
 
(20.8
)%
 
(34.0
)%
(1) Operating loss includes impairment and divestiture charges of $73 million, $117 million and
$187 million in fiscal 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

17


Fiscal 2018 compared to Fiscal 2017
Fiscal 2018 Engineered Components & Systems segment net sales increased $48 million (9%) to $592 million versus the prior year. Excluding the 3% favorable impact of foreign currency rate changes and net $16.0 million of sales from the Viking business we divested in fiscal 2018, core sales increased 9% in fiscal 2018. Core sales growth was broad-based in the Off-highway product line (12%), including increased agriculture, mining and forestry customer demand. The On-highway product line core sales increased 9% due to a stronger European truck market, which was partially offset by a decline in sales to the China truck market. The Rope & Cable Solutions product line experienced strong double-digit core sales growth (14%) due to higher medical demand and improving offshore oil & gas and seismic markets, whereas, the Concrete Tensioning product line experienced a 7% core sales decline from fiscal 2017 due to market share losses. Fiscal 2018 operating loss included impairment and divestiture charges of $46 million related to the anticipated sale of our Cortland Fibron business, impairment charges of $24 million related to our Precision-Hayes International business and divestiture charges of $3 million related to the sale of our Viking business, while fiscal 2017 included impairment charges of $117 million related to the then pending sale of the Viking business. Excluding the impairment and divestiture charges, the EC&S segment operating profit margin was 4.2% and 1.6% for fiscal 2018 and 2017, respectively, which is the result of higher volumes, the absence of prior year Viking losses and net benefits of prior period restructuring initiatives offset by production inefficiencies. Restructuring charges were $4 million in both fiscal 2018 and 2017.
Fiscal 2017 compared to Fiscal 2016
Fiscal 2017 Engineered Components & Systems segment net sales decreased $18 million (3%) to $543 million versus the prior year. Excluding the 1% unfavorable impact of foreign currency rate changes and the negative 2% sales impact from the Viking business and Sanlo product line divestitures, core sales remained relatively constant year-over-year. The flat core sales was a result of robust sales to China's heavy-duty truck OEMs (On-highway product line) and cores sales growth in the Concrete Tensioning product line due to improving domestic construction, offset by the decline in off-highway markets including agriculture and construction. In addition, the Rope and Cable Solutions product line experienced a decline due to decreased customer spending on upstream offshore oil & gas related demand and competitive pricing pressures. The operating loss in fiscal 2017 included impairment and divestiture charges of $117 million related to the then pending sale of Viking, while fiscal 2016 results included impairment charges of $187 million related to the write-down of acquired goodwill, intangible assets and long-lived assets for our Cortland, Viking and maximatecc businesses. In addition, a $5 million loss on the Sanlo business divestiture recorded in fiscal 2016 reduced operating profits. Excluding the impairment and divestiture charges, the Engineered Components & Services operating profit margin was 1.6% and 2.0% for fiscal 2017 and 2016, respectively. In addition, restructuring costs to consolidate facilities and reduce headcount totaled $4 million and $10 million in fiscal 2017 and 2016, respectively.
Corporate
Since corporate expenses are considered to be for general corporate purposes, we do not allocate these expenses to our segments. Corporate expenses decreased $4 million in fiscal 2018 to $29 million compared to $33 million in fiscal 2017 and $29 million in fiscal 2016. The decrease in fiscal 2018 expenses was primarily due to the non-recurring director and officer transition charges of $8 million in fiscal 2017, partially offset by increased restructuring charges of $5 million related to executive leadership changes in fiscal 2018.
Financing Costs, Net
Net financing costs of $31 million, $30 million and $29 million in fiscal 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively, have slowly increased due to rising interest rates.
Income Tax Expense
The Company's income tax expense or benefit is impacted by a number of factors, including the amount of taxable earnings generated in foreign jurisdictions with tax rates that are lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate, permanent items, state tax rates, changes in tax laws, acquisitions and divestitures and the ability to utilize various tax credits and net operating loss carryforwards. The Company's global operations, acquisition activity and specific tax attributes provide opportunities for continuous global tax planning initiatives to maximize tax credits and deductions. Income tax expense also includes the impact of provision to tax return adjustments, changes in valuation allowances and reserve requirements for unrecognized tax benefits. Pre-tax earnings (loss), income tax expense (benefit) and effective income tax rate from continuing operations for the past three years were as follows:

18


 
 
Year Ended August 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Loss before income tax expense (benefit)
 
$
(12,672
)
 
$
(82,691
)
 
$
(130,344
)
Income tax expense (benefit)
 
8,976

 
(16,478
)
 
(25,170
)
Effective income tax rate
 
(70.8
)%
 
19.9
%
 
19.3
%

On December 22, 2017, the U.S. enacted the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”). The Act changes the U.S. corporate income tax system by reducing the corporate tax rate from 35% to 21% as of January 1, 2018 and significantly changing the taxation of foreign earnings by implementing a largely territorial system and imposing a minimum level of tax on low-taxed foreign earnings beginning in fiscal 2019.  We recorded additional tax expense of approximately $0.5 million in fiscal 2018, attributable to the net impact of the one-time transition tax on foreign earnings and the remeasurement of balance sheet items to account for the new legislation.  This is our initial estimate of the tax effects related to the Act and we expect to finalize these amounts no later than the second quarter of fiscal 2019.  See further discussion of the effects of the Act at Note 12, "Income Taxes” in the notes of the consolidated financial statements.
The comparability of pre-tax earnings (loss), income tax expense (benefit) and the related effective income tax rates are impacted by the Act as described below, along with impairment and other divestiture charges. Fiscal 2018 results included $73 million ($75 million after tax) of impairment and other divestiture charges, while fiscal 2017 and 2016 results included $117 million ($109 million after tax) and $187 million ($169 million after tax), respectively.  Excluding the impairment and divestiture charges, the fiscal 2018 effective tax rate was 11.1% (tax expense), which increased from the fiscal 2017 effective tax rate of (24.4)% (tax benefit) due to fiscal 2017 tax planning initiatives resulting from certain business losses recognized for tax purposes from prior years for which no benefits were previously recognized.
Both the current and prior year income tax provisions were impacted by the mix of earnings in foreign jurisdictions with income tax rates different than the U.S. federal income tax rate and the amount of income tax benefits from global tax planning initiatives. The Company’s earnings (loss) before income taxes, excluding impairment and other divestiture charges, included approximately 79% of earnings from foreign jurisdictions for fiscal 2018 compared to 63% in fiscal 2017. The impact of the newly lowered U.S. tax rate is not expected to be a significant overall rate driver due to the global mix of income. The fiscal 2018 tax provision included tax expense of approximately $10 million for the reversal of deferred tax benefits recorded in fiscal 2017 related to the sale of the Viking business in the second quarter. In addition to the deferred tax benefits related to the Viking impairment, the fiscal 2017 tax benefits related to tax planning initiatives resulted in a $15 million benefit, which is not expected to repeat in future periods due to certain tax attributes that are no longer available and subsequent changes in relevant tax law.
Divestiture Activities
At August 31, 2018, the Cortland Fibron business (Engineered Components & Systems segment) met the criteria for assets held for sale treatment. As a result, the Company recognized impairment and divestiture charges in fiscal 2018 of $46 million, comprised of: (i) $10 million charge representing the excess of the net book value of assets held for sale to the anticipated proceeds; (ii) non-cash impairment charge of $35 million related to the recognition in earnings of the cumulative effect of foreign currency rate changes since acquisition and (iii) $1 million of other divestiture charges. The write down of net assets generated an income tax benefit of $1 million in fiscal 2018.
During fiscal 2017, the Company committed to a plan to sell the Viking business (Engineered Components & Systems segment) resulting in the Company's exit from the offshore mooring market and significantly limiting our exposure to upstream, offshore oil & gas markets. As a result, the Company recognized impairment and other divestiture charges in fiscal 2017 of $117 million, comprised of: (i) $16 million charge representing the excess of the net book value of assets held for sale to the anticipated proceeds; (ii) non-cash impairment charge of $69 million related to the recognition in earnings of the cumulative effect of foreign currency rate changes since acquisition; (iii) $29 million cash charge related to the operating lease buyout of certain rental assets and (iv) $3 million of other divestiture charges. The write down of net assets generated an income tax benefit of $8 million in fiscal 2017. On December 1, 2017, the Company completed the sale of the Viking business for net cash proceeds of $9 million which resulted in an additional after-tax impairment and divestiture charge of $12 million comprised of: (i) $3 million of real estate lease exit charges related to retained facilities that became vacant as a result of the Viking divestiture; and (ii) $9 million of associated discrete income tax expense.
The historic results of the Cortland Fibron and Viking businesses are not material to the consolidated financial results of the Company and are included in continuing operations. These two businesses had net sales of $24 million, $34 million and $58 million for the years-ended August 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Refer to Note 5, "Divestiture Activities" in the notes of the consolidated financial statements for information regarding the carrying value of assets and liabilities held for sale as of August 31, 2018 and 2017.

19


Liquidity and Capital Resources
At August 31, 2018, cash and cash equivalents comprised of $182 million of cash held by foreign subsidiaries and $68 million held domestically. We periodically utilize income tax safe harbor provisions to make temporary short-term intercompany advances from our foreign subsidiaries to our U.S. parent. There were no temporary intercompany advances outstanding at August 31, 2018. We had $5 million and $54 million in temporary intercompany advances outstanding at August 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The following table summarizes the cash flow attributable to operating, investing and financing activities (in millions):
 
 
 
Year Ended August 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
$
106

 
$
88

 
$
118

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(63
)
 
(28
)
 
(83
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(18
)
 
(15
)
 
(18
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
 
(4
)
 
4

 
(5
)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
$
21

 
$
49

 
$
11


Cash flow from operations was $106 million in fiscal 2018, an increase of $18 million from the prior year due primarily to higher cash earnings and reduced net cash tax payments. This cash flow from operations, along with $16 million of proceeds from stock option exercises and $9 million of proceeds from the sale of Viking, were more than enough to fund the $28 million rental asset lease buyout from the Viking divestiture, $23 million of business acquisitions, $21 million of capital expenditures and $30 million of principal repayments on our term loan.
Cash flow from operating activities in fiscal 2017 was $88 million, a decrease of $30 million from the prior year due primarily to lower cash earnings. These cash flows from operations were utilized to fund $28 million of capital expenditures and $19 million of principal repayments on our term loan.
Cash flow from operating activities in fiscal 2016 were $118 million. Operating cash flows, $7 million of proceeds from the sale leaseback of several facilities, $10 million from the sale of Sanlo, were utilized to repurchase 712,955 shares of common stock ($17 million), fund $82 million of acquisitions and fund $20 million of capital expenditures.

Primary Working Capital Management
We use primary working capital as a percentage of sales as a key metric for working capital efficiency. We define this metric as the sum of net accounts receivable and net inventory less accounts payable, divided by the past three months' sales annualized. The following table shows the components of our primary working capital (in millions):
 
 
 
August 31, 2018
 
August 31, 2017
 
 
$
 
PWC %
 
$
 
PWC %
Accounts receivable, net
 
$
188

 
16
 %
 
$
190

 
17
 %
Inventory, net
 
156

 
13
 %
 
144

 
13
 %
Accounts payable
 
(131
)
 
(11
)%
 
(133
)
 
(12
)%
Net primary working capital
 
$
213

 
18
 %
 
$
201

 
18
 %
Total primary working capital was $213 million at August 31, 2018 which increased compared to $201 million at August 31, 2017. Excluding the $3 million reduction in primary working capital due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates and net acquisition/divestiture activity, primary working capital increased $15 million in the year, largely reflecting higher inventory levels to support increasing sales levels.

Liquidity
At August 31, 2018, we had $250 million of cash and cash equivalents.
During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 and pursuant to the provision of the Senior Credit Facility, the Company reduced the borrowing capacity on the revolver from $600 million to $300 million. This reduction in borrowing capacity is expected to reduce the non-use fee on the average unused credit line under the revolver. The Company recorded a charge of $1 million in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 to write-off deferred financing costs associated with the reduced borrowing capacity. Unused revolver capacity was $299 million at August 31, 2018, of which $256 million was available for borrowing.

20


Our Senior Credit Facility matures on May 8, 2020, which includes a $300 million revolver, a $300 million term loan and a $450 million expansion option. Quarterly principal payments of $4 million on the term loan commenced on June 30, 2016, increased to $8 million per quarter on June 30, 2017 and extend through March 31, 2020, with the remaining principal due at maturity.
We believe that the reduced revolver, combined with our existing cash on hand and anticipated operating cash flows will be adequate to meet operating, debt service, acquisition and capital expenditure funding requirements in the foreseeable future.
Seasonality and Working Capital
Although there are modest seasonal factors within certain of our businesses, on a consolidated basis, we do not experience material changes in seasonal working capital or capital resource requirements. We meet working capital and capital expenditure requirements through a combination of cash on hand, operating cash flow and revolver availability under our Senior Credit Facility.
Our receivables are derived from a diverse customer base spread across a number of industries, with our largest single customer generating approximately 3% of fiscal 2018 net sales.
Capital Expenditures
The majority of our manufacturing activities consist of assembly operations. We believe that our capital expenditure requirements are not as extensive as other industrial companies given the nature of our operations. Capital expenditures were $21 million, $28 million and $20 million in fiscal 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Capital expenditures for fiscal 2019 are expected to be $25-$30 million, but could vary depending on business performance, growth opportunities and the amount of assets leased instead of purchased.
Commitments and Contingencies
Given our desire to allocate cash flow and revolver availability to fund growth initiatives, we have historically leased most of our operating equipment and facilities. We lease certain facilities, computers, equipment and vehicles under various operating lease agreements, generally over periods ranging from one to twenty years. Under most arrangements, we pay the property taxes, insurance, maintenance and expenses related to the leased property. Many of our leases include provisions that enable us to renew the leases based upon fair value rental rates on the date of expiration of the initial leases.
We are contingently liable for certain lease payments under leases within businesses we previously divested or spun-off. If any of these businesses do not fulfill their future lease payment obligations under the leases, we could be liable for such leases. As of August 31, 2018, the present value of future minimum lease payments, using a weighted average discount rate of 3.24%, on previously divested or spun-off businesses was as follows: $2 million in each fiscal 2019, 2020 and 2021; $1 million in both fiscal 2022 and 2023 and $3 million in aggregate thereafter.
We had outstanding letters of credit totaling $24 million and $22 million at August 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, the majority of which relate to commercial contracts and self-insured workers' compensation programs.

Contractual Obligations
The timing of payments due under our contractual commitments is as follows (in millions): 
 
 
Payments Due
 
 
2019
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
 
2023
 
Thereafter
 
Total
Debt (short-term and long-term)
 
$
30

 
$
218

 
$

 
$
288

 
$

 
$

 
$
536

Interest on long-term debt
 
26

 
25

 
16

 
14

 

 

 
81

Operating leases
 
29

 
21

 
15

 
13

 
11

 
35

 
124

Deferred acquisition purchase price
 

 
2

 

 

 

 

 
2

 
 
$
85

 
$
266

 
$
31

 
$
315

 
$
11

 
$
35

 
$
743

 
Interest on long-term debt assumes the current interest rate environment and revolver borrowings consistent with August 31, 2018 debt levels.
Our contractual obligations generally relate to amounts due under contracts with third party service providers. These contracts are primarily for real estate leases, information technology services and telecommunications services. Only those obligations that are not cancelable are included in the table.
We routinely issue purchase orders to numerous vendors for inventory and other supplies. These purchase orders are

21


generally cancelable with reasonable notice to the vendor, and are therefore, excluded from the table.
We have long-term obligations related to our deferred compensation, pension and postretirement plans that are excluded from this table and summarized in Note 11, “Employee Benefit Plans” in the notes to consolidated financial statements.
Our liability for unrecognized tax benefits was $24 million at August 31, 2018, but is not included in the table of contractual obligations because the timing of the potential settlements of these uncertain tax positions cannot be reasonably estimated.
Critical Accounting Policies
We prepare our consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). This requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts and related disclosures. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The following policies are considered by management to be the most critical in understanding judgments involved in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements and uncertainties that could impact our results of operations, financial position and cash flow.
Revenue recognition: We recognize revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the sales price is fixed or determinable and collectability of the sales price is reasonably assured. For product sales, delivery does not occur until the passage of title and risk of loss have transferred to the customer (generally when products are shipped). Revenue from service and rental contracts are recognized when the services are provided or ratably over the contract term. Revenue for highly custom product sales with a project duration greater than three months and exceeding a value of approximately $0.5 million is generally recognized under the percentage-of-completion method utilizing efforts expended or cost-to-cost input measures. Revenues for long-term contracts that do not meet these criteria are recognized under the completed contract method once delivery has occurred and passage of title and risk of loss have transferred to the customer. We record allowances for discounts, product returns and customer incentives at the time of sale as a reduction to revenue provided such allowances can be reliably estimated based upon historical experience and known trends. We also offer warranty on our products and accrue for warranty claims at the time of sale based upon the length of the warranty period, historical warranty cost trends and any other related information.
Inventories:  Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Inventory cost is determined using the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method for a portion of U.S. owned inventory (approximately 17% and 18% of total inventories at August 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively). The first-in, first-out or average cost method is used for all other inventories. If the LIFO method were not used, inventory balances would be higher than amounts presented in the consolidated balance sheet by $6 million and $4 million at August 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. We perform an analysis on historical sales usage of individual inventory items on hand and record a reserve to adjust inventory cost to market value. The inventory valuation assumptions used are based on historical experience. We believe that such estimates are made based on consistent and appropriate methods; however, actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
Goodwill and Long-lived Assets:
Goodwill Impairment Review and Estimates: The purchase price allocation for acquired businesses typically results in recording goodwill and other intangible assets, which are significant portions of our total assets. On an annual basis, or more frequently if triggering events occur, we compare the estimated fair values of our reporting units to their carrying values to determine if impairments exist. If the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, an impairment loss is recorded. The estimated fair value represents the amount we believe a reporting unit could be bought or sold for in a current transaction between willing parties on an arms-length basis.
In estimating the fair value of a reporting unit, we generally use a discounted cash flow model, which is dependent upon a number of assumptions including estimated future revenues and expenses, weighted average cost of capital, capital expenditures and other variables. The expected future revenue growth rates and operating profit margins are determined after taking into consideration our historical revenue growth rates and earning levels, our assessment of future market potential and our expectation of future business performance. Under the discounted cash flow approach, fair value is calculated as the sum of the projected discounted cash flows over a discrete seven year period plus an estimated terminal value.
Fiscal 2018 Impairment Charge: Our fourth quarter fiscal 2018 impairment review resulted in a review of the recoverability of the goodwill and long-lived assets of two reporting units (Cortland and Precision-Hayes).

Cortland Reporting Unit: The Cortland reporting unit recognized impairment charges in conjunction with Cortland Fibron’s held for sale classification, resulting in a $10 million impairment charge representing the excess of net book value of assets held for sale over anticipated proceeds. This impairment charge included $4 million related to goodwill. Subsequent to this adjustment, there is $31 million of remaining goodwill related to the Cortland reporting unit. See Note 5, “Divestiture Activities” in the notes to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion.

22



Precision-Hayes Reporting Unit: The Precision-Hayes International business (“Precision-Hayes”) primarily designs, manufactures and distributes concrete tensioning products. Changes in certain assumptions used in our annual goodwill impairment analysis, which are linked, in part, to recent market share losses, resulted in a fair value estimate of the reporting unit lower than its carrying value. As a result, we recognized a $17 million impairment charge related to the goodwill of the Precision-Hayes business, which represented the entire goodwill balance of the reporting unit.

The annual impairment review of the remaining reporting units did not result in any reporting units having an estimated fair value that exceeded the carrying value (expressed as a percentage of the carrying value) by less than 30%.

Fiscal 2017 Year-End Impairment Test: Our annual fiscal 2017 impairment review resulted in one reporting unit (Cortland) having an estimated fair value that exceeded the carrying value (expressed as a percentage of the carrying value) by less than 30%. In fiscal 2017, we believed that the Cortland business would generate positive cash flow and earnings in the long-term. The financial projections utilized in the impairment review considered both historical results, challenging conditions in the global oil & gas markets and the strategic sales initiatives of the reporting unit. The financial results of this reporting unit are dependent on the realization of savings from restructuring actions and material cost reductions, the timing and level of recovery in the global oil & gas markets and our ability to retain and win new business in the medical and other non-oil & gas markets.

Fiscal 2016 Impairment Charge: During the second quarter of fiscal 2016, we determined that there were interim “triggering events” which required review of recoverability of goodwill and long-lived assets for three reporting units (Cortland, Viking and maximatecc).

Cortland and Viking Reporting Units: Continued unfavorable market conditions, including cuts in oil & gas capital spending, reduced exploration, drilling and commissioning activities as well as excess capacity for mooring rental assets, resulted in a 33% core sales decline in the second quarter of fiscal 2016 for Viking and Cortland, which comprise our Rope & Cable Solutions and Offshore Mooring product lines. As a result of lower projected sales and profits, we recognized a goodwill impairment charge of $74 million. 

Maximatecc Reporting Unit:  The maximatecc reporting unit, including the legacy North American business and acquisitions of CrossControl (Europe) and Turotest (South America), manufactures severe-duty electronic instrumentation including displays and clusters, machine controls and sensors. These products are primarily marketed to industrial vehicle OEMs and system suppliers in a number of industries including industrial, material hauling, construction, agriculture, forestry, mining, utility, cargo, marine and rail. Weakness in off-highway vehicle and agricultural markets, coupled with challenging overall industrial fundamentals, reductions in OEM customer build rates and production schedules (in order to reduce inventory levels) and delayed production by certain European OEMs for new or updated design models, resulted in reduced sales and profitability of the maximatecc business. As a result of lower projected sales and profits, we recognized a $46 million impairment charge related to goodwill of the maximatecc business.

Indefinite-lived intangibles (tradenames): Indefinite-lived intangible assets are also subject to annual impairment testing. On an annual basis or more frequently if a triggering event occurs, the fair value of indefinite lived assets, based on a relief of royalty valuation approach, are evaluated to determine if an impairment charge is required. We recognized impairment charges during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 to write-down the value of tradenames by $7 million in relation to the Cortland Fibron held for sale treatment discussed in Note 5, "Divestiture Activities" in the notes to the consolidated financial statements. During fiscal 2016, we recognized impairment charges to write-down the value of tradenames by $17 million, as the result of reduced sales projections and royalty rates, which reflected current and future profitability estimates.

The fiscal 2018 annual impairment review of the remaining indefinite-lived intangible assets did not result in any indefinite-lived assets having an estimated fair value that exceeded the carrying value (expressed as a percentage of the carrying value) by less than 30%.

A considerable amount of management judgment and assumptions is required in performing impairment tests, principally in determining the fair value of each reporting unit and the indefinite-lived intangible assets. While we believe our judgments and assumptions are reasonable, different assumptions could change the estimated fair values and, therefore, future additional impairment charges could be required. Weakening industry or economic trends, disruptions to our business, loss of significant customers, inability to effectively integrate acquired businesses, unexpected significant changes or planned changes in the use

23


of the assets or in entity structure and divestitures may adversely impact the assumptions used in the valuations and ultimately result in future impairment charges.

Long-lived assets (fixed assets and amortizable intangible assets): We also review long-lived assets for impairment when events or changes in business circumstances indicate the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable. If such indicators are present, we prepare an undiscounted operating cash flow analysis to determine if an impairment exists. If an impairment is determined to exist, any related impairment loss is calculated based on fair value.

Also in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, related to the held for sale treatment of our Cortland Fibron business, we recognized a $46 million long-lived asset impairment, representing the excess of net book value of assets held for sale over anticipated proceeds which consisted of $35 million related to the recognition in earnings of the cumulative effect of foreign currency rate changes since acquisition. See Note 5, "Divestiture Activities" in the notes to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion.

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, the undiscounted operating cash flows of our Precision-Hayes business did not exceed their carrying value resulting in a long-lived asset impairment charge of $6 million, consisting of charges of $5 million and $1 million on amortizable intangible assets and fixed assets (primarily machinery and equipment), respectively.

In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017, related to the pending sale of our Viking business, we recognized an $85 million long-lived asset impairment, representing the excess of the net book value of assets held for sale over the anticipated proceeds which includes $69 million related to the recognition in earnings of the cumulative effect of foreign currency rate changes since acquisition. See Note 5, "Divestiture Activities" in the notes to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion.

In the second quarter of fiscal 2016, the undiscounted operating cash flows of our Viking business did not exceed their carrying value and therefore a $52 million long-lived asset impairment was recognized, including $28 million of amortizable intangible assets and $24 million of fixed assets (primarily mooring rental assets).
A considerable amount of management judgment and assumptions is required in performing impairment tests, principally in determining the fair value of long-lived assets. While we believe our judgments and assumptions are reasonable, different assumptions could change the estimated fair values and, therefore, future additional impairment charges could be required. Weakening industry or economic trends, disruptions to our business, loss of significant customers, inability to effectively integrate acquired businesses, unexpected significant changes or planned changes in the use of the assets or in entity structure and divestitures may adversely impact the assumptions used in the valuations and ultimately result in future impairment charges.
Business Combinations and Purchase Accounting: We account for business combinations using the acquisition method of accounting, and accordingly, the assets and liabilities of the acquired business are recorded at their respective fair values. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value is recorded as goodwill. Assigning fair market values to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of an acquisition requires knowledge of current market values and the values of assets in use, and often requires the application of judgment regarding estimates and assumptions. While the ultimate responsibility resides with management, for certain acquisitions we retain the services of certified valuation specialists to assist with assigning estimated values to certain acquired assets and assumed liabilities, including intangible assets and tangible long-lived assets. Acquired intangible assets, excluding goodwill, are valued using discounted cash flow methodology based on future cash flows specific to the type of intangible asset purchased. This methodology incorporates various estimates and assumptions, the most significant being projected revenue growth rates, profit margins and forecasted cash flows based on discount rates and terminal growth rates.
Employee Benefit Plans: We provide a variety of benefits to employees and former employees including, in some cases, pensions and postretirement health care. Plan assets and obligations are recorded based on an August 31 measurement date utilizing various actuarial assumptions such as discount rates, assumed rates of return on plan assets and health care cost trend rates. We determine the discount rate assumptions by referencing high-quality, long-term bond rates that are matched to the duration of our benefit obligations, with appropriate consideration of local market factors, participant demographics and benefit payment forecasts. At August 31, 2018 and 2017, the discount rates on domestic benefit plans were 4.05% and 3.60%, respectively. In estimating the expected return on plan assets, we consider historical returns, forward-looking considerations, inflation assumptions and the asset allocation strategy in investing such assets. Domestic benefit plan assets consist primarily of participating units in mutual funds, index funds and bond funds. The expected return on domestic benefit plan assets was 7.00% and 7.15% at August 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. A 25 basis point change in the assumptions for the discount rate or expected return on plan assets would not materially change fiscal 2018 domestic benefit plan expense.
We review actuarial assumptions on an annual basis and make modifications based on current rates and trends, when appropriate. As required by GAAP, the effects of any modifications are recorded currently or amortized over future periods.

24


Based on information provided by independent actuaries and other relevant sources, we believe that the assumptions used are reasonable; however, changes in these assumptions could impact our financial position, results of operations or cash flow. See Note 11, “Employee Benefit Plans” in the notes to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion.
Income Taxes: Judgment is required to determine the annual effective income tax rate, deferred tax assets and liabilities, reserves for unrecognized tax benefits and any valuation allowances recorded against net deferred tax assets. Our effective income tax rate is based on annual income, statutory tax rates, tax planning opportunities available in the various jurisdictions in which we operate and other adjustments. Our annual effective income tax rate includes the impact of discrete income tax matters including adjustments to reserves for uncertain tax positions and the benefits of various income tax planning activities.  Tax regulations require items to be included in our tax returns at different times than these same items reflected in our consolidated financial statements. As a result, the effective income tax rate in our consolidated financial statements differs from that reported in our tax returns. Some of these differences are permanent, such as expenses that are not tax deductible, while others are temporary differences, such as amortization and depreciation expenses.                        
Temporary differences create deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. We establish valuation allowances for our deferred tax assets when the amount of expected future taxable income is not large enough to utilize the entire deduction or credit. Relevant factors in determining the realizability of deferred tax assets include future taxable income, the expected timing of the reversal of temporary differences, tax planning strategies and the expiration dates of the various tax attributes.    
Use of Estimates: We record reserves, asset write-downs or allowances for customer rebates, returns and discounts, doubtful accounts, inventory, incurred but not reported medical claims, environmental matters, warranty claims, workers' compensation claims, product and non-product litigation, acquisition earn out obligations and incentive compensation. These reserves require the use of estimates and judgment. We base our estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. We believe that such estimates are made on a consistent basis and with appropriate assumptions and methods. However, actual results may differ from these estimates.
Item  7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
We are exposed to market risk from changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates and, to a lesser extent, commodities. To reduce such risks, we selectively use financial instruments and other proactive management techniques. All hedging transactions are authorized and executed pursuant to clearly defined policies and procedures, which strictly prohibit the use of financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. A discussion of our accounting policies for derivative financial instruments is included within Note 9, “Derivatives” in the notes to the consolidated financial statements.
Foreign Currency Risk—We maintain operations in the U.S. and various foreign countries. Our non-U.S. operations, the largest of which are located in Australia, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Mexico, United Arab Emirates and China, have foreign currency risk relating to receipts from customers, payments to suppliers and intercompany transactions denominated in foreign currencies. Under certain conditions, we enter into hedging transactions, primarily forward foreign currency swaps, that enable us to mitigate the potential adverse impact of foreign currency exchange rate risk (see Note 9, “Derivatives” in the notes to the consolidated financial statements for further information). We do not engage in trading or other speculative activities with these transactions, as established policies require that these hedging transactions relate to specific currency exposures.
The strengthening of the U.S. dollar can have an unfavorable impact on our results of operations and financial position as foreign denominated operating results are translated into U.S. dollars. To illustrate the potential impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on the translation of our results of operations, annual sales and operating profit were remeasured assuming a ten percent reduction in foreign exchange rates compared to the U.S. dollar. Under this assumption, annual sales and operating profit would have been $58 million and less than $1 million lower, respectively, for the twelve months ended August 31, 2018. This sensitivity analysis assumes that each exchange rate would change in the same direction relative to the U.S. dollar and excludes the potential effects that changes in foreign currency exchange rates may have on actual sales or price levels. Similarly, a ten percent decline in foreign currency exchange rates relative to the U.S. dollar on our August 31, 2018 financial position would result in a $57 million reduction to equity (accumulated other comprehensive loss), as a result of non U.S. dollar denominated assets and liabilities being translated into U.S. dollars, our reporting currency.
Interest Rate Risk—We manage interest expense using a mixture of fixed-rate and variable-rate debt. A change in interest rates impacts the fair value of our 5.625% Senior Notes, but not our earnings or cash flow because the interest rate on such debt is fixed. Our variable-rate debt obligations consist primarily of revolver and term loan borrowings under our Senior Credit Facility. A ten percent increase in the average cost of our variable rate debt would have resulted in an approximate $1 million increase in financing costs for the year-ended August 31, 2018.
Commodity Risk—We source a wide variety of materials and components from a network of global suppliers. While such materials are typically available from numerous suppliers, commodity raw materials, such as steel and plastic resin, are subject

25


to price fluctuations which could have a negative impact on our results. We strive to timely pass along such commodity price increases to customers to avoid profit margin erosion.

26


Item 8.        Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 
All other schedules are omitted because they are not applicable, not required or because the required information is included in the consolidated financial statements or notes thereto.

27


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Actuant Corporation:
Opinions on the Financial Statements and Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Actuant Corporation and its subsidiaries as of August 31, 2018 and August 31, 2017, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), shareholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended August 31, 2018, including the related notes and financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). We also have audited the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of August 31, 2018, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of August 31, 2018 and August 31, 2017, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended August 31, 2018 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of August 31, 2018, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the COSO.

Basis for Opinions
The Company's management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting, appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) ("PCAOB") and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud, and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.
Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
As described in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting, appearing under Item 9A, management has excluded Mirage and Equalizer from its assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of August 31, 2018 because it was acquired by the Company in a purchase business combination during 2018. We have also excluded Mirage and Equalizer from our audit of internal control over financial reporting. Mirage and Equalizer are wholly-owned subsidiaries whose total assets and total revenues excluded from management’s assessment and our audit of internal control over financial reporting represent less than 2% and less than 1%, respectively, of the related consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended August 31, 2018.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and

28


expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.


/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Milwaukee, Wisconsin
October 29, 2018

We have served as the Company’s or its predecessor's auditor since 1997.








29


ACTUANT CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
 
Year Ended August 31,
 
 
2018

2017

2016
Net sales
 
$
1,182,611

 
$
1,095,784

 
$
1,149,410

Cost of products sold
 
767,351

 
716,067

 
746,013

Gross profit
 
415,260

 
379,717

 
403,397

Selling, administrative and engineering expenses
 
291,444

 
277,488

 
274,497

Amortization of intangible assets
 
20,565

 
20,474

 
22,943

Loss on product line divestiture
 

 

 
5,092

Director & officer transition charges
 

 
7,784

 

Restructuring charges
 
11,995

 
7,228

 
14,571

Impairment & divestiture charges
 
73,058

 
116,979

 
186,511

Operating profit (loss)
 
18,198

 
(50,236
)
 
(100,217
)
Financing costs, net
 
31,491

 
29,703

 
28,768

Other (income) expense, net
 
(621
)
 
2,752

 
1,359

Loss before income tax expense (benefit)
 
(12,672
)
 
(82,691
)
 
(130,344
)
Income tax expense (benefit)
 
8,976

 
(16,478
)
 
(25,170
)
Net loss
 
$
(21,648
)
 
$
(66,213
)
 
$
(105,174
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
(0.36
)
 
$
(1.11
)
 
$
(1.78
)
Diluted
 
$
(0.36
)
 
$
(1.11
)
 
$
(1.78
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
60,441

 
59,436

 
59,010

Diluted
 
60,441

 
59,436

 
59,010


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


30


ACTUANT CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in thousands)

 
 
Year Ended August 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Net loss
 
$
(21,648
)
 
$
(66,213
)
 
$
(105,174
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
49,307

 
20,470

 
(32,203
)
Pension and other postretirement benefit plans
 
3,709

 
4,092

 
(6,003
)
Cash flow hedges
 

 

 
23

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
53,016

 
24,562

 
(38,183
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
31,368

 
$
(41,651
)
 
$
(143,357
)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

31


ACTUANT CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
 
August 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
A S S E T S
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
250,490

 
$
229,571

Accounts receivable, net
 
187,749

 
190,206

Inventories, net
 
156,356

 
143,651

Assets held for sale
 
23,573

 
21,835

Other current assets
 
42,732

 
61,663

Total current assets
 
660,900

 
646,926

Property, plant and equipment
 
 
 
 
Land, buildings and improvements
 
47,468

 
43,737

Machinery and equipment
 
229,445

 
227,535

Gross property, plant and equipment
 
276,913

 
271,272

Less: Accumulated depreciation
 
(186,693
)
 
(176,751
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
 
90,220

 
94,521

Goodwill
 
512,412

 
530,081

Other intangible assets, net
 
181,037

 
220,489

Other long-term assets
 
36,769

 
24,938

Total assets
 
$
1,481,338

 
$
1,516,955

 
 
 
 
 
L I A B I L I T I E S  A N D  S H A R E H O L D E R S’  E Q U I T Y
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
Trade accounts payable
 
$
130,838

 
$
133,387

Accrued compensation and benefits
 
54,508

 
50,939

Current maturities of debt
 
30,000

 
30,000

Income taxes payable
 
4,091

 
6,080

Liabilities held for sale
 
44,225

 
101,083

Other current liabilities
 
67,299

 
57,445

Total current liabilities
 
330,961

 
378,934

Long-term debt, net
 
502,695

 
531,940

Deferred income taxes
 
21,933

 
29,859

Pension and postretirement benefit liabilities
 
14,869

 
19,862

Other long-term liabilities
 
52,168

 
55,821

Total liabilities
 
922,626

 
1,016,416

Commitments and contingencies (Note 16)
 
 
 
 
Shareholders’ equity
 
 
 
 
Class A common stock, $0.20 par value per share, authorized 168,000,000 shares, issued 81,423,584 and 80,200,110 shares, respectively
 
16,285

 
16,040

Additional paid-in capital
 
167,448

 
138,449

Treasury stock, at cost, 20,439,434 shares
 
(617,731
)
 
(617,731
)
Retained earnings
 
1,166,955

 
1,191,042

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(174,245
)
 
(227,261
)
Stock held in trust
 
(2,450
)
 
(2,696
)
Deferred compensation liability
 
2,450

 
2,696

Total shareholders’ equity
 
558,712

 
500,539

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
$
1,481,338

 
$
1,516,955

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

32


ACTUANT CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
 
 
Year Ended August 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(21,648
)
 
$
(66,213
)
 
$
(105,174
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-cash items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Impairment & other divestiture charges, net of tax effect
 
75,334

 
108,860

 
169,056

Depreciation and amortization
 
40,707

 
43,110

 
47,777

Stock-based compensation expense
 
14,457

 
16,733

 
10,442

Benefit for deferred income taxes
 
(6,890
)
 
(8,956
)
 
(17,403
)
Amortization of debt issuance costs
 
2,399

 
1,657

 
1,652

Other non-cash adjustments
 
619

 
1,202

 
(517
)
Loss on disposal of business, net of tax benefit
 

 

 
(1,557
)
Changes in components of working capital and other, excluding acquisitions and divestitures:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
(3,093
)
 
(3,475
)
 
20,261

Inventories
 
(18,704
)
 
(11,277
)
 
10,202

Trade accounts payable
 
2,593

 
18,117

 
(7,727
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
(10,625
)
 
(5,367
)
 
(3,291
)
Income tax accounts
 
16,785

 
(10,646
)
 
(7,916
)
Accrued compensation and benefits
 
4,827

 
3,752

 
3,912

Other accrued liabilities
 
9,332

 
1,002

 
(2,020
)
Cash provided by operating activities
 
106,093

 
88,499

 
117,697

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investing Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
(20,870
)
 
(28,195
)
 
(20,209
)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment
 
153

 
570

 
9,296

Rental asset buyout for Viking divestiture
 
(27,718
)
 

 

Proceeds from sale of business, net of transaction costs
 
8,902

 

 
9,695

Cash paid for business acquisitions, net of cash acquired
 
(23,218
)
 

 
(81,916
)
Cash used in investing activities
 
(62,751
)
 
(27,625
)
 
(83,134
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financing Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net repayments on revolving credit facility
 

 

 
(210
)
Principal repayments on term loan
 
(30,000
)
 
(18,750
)
 
(3,750
)
Redemption of 5.625% senior notes
 

 
(500
)
 

Purchase of treasury shares
 

 

 
(17,101
)
Taxes paid related to the net share settlement of equity awards
 
(1,284
)
 
(1,065
)
 
(1,409
)
Stock option exercises & other
 
15,681

 
8,265

 
6,416

Payment of deferred acquisition consideration
 

 
(742
)
 

Cash dividend
 
(2,390
)
 
(2,358
)
 
(2,376
)
Cash used in financing activities
 
(17,993
)
 
(15,150
)
 
(18,430
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
 
(4,430
)
 
4,243

 
(5,375
)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
20,919

 
49,967

 
10,758

Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period
 
229,571

 
179,604

 
168,846

Cash and cash equivalents - end of period
 
$
250,490

 
$
229,571

 
$
179,604

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

33






ACTUANT CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands)
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Stock
Held in
Trust
 
Deferred
Compensation
Liability
 
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 
 
Issued
Shares
 
Amount
 
Balance at August 31, 2015
 
78,933

 
$
15,787

 
$
104,308

 
$
(600,630
)
 
$
1,367,176

 
$
(213,640
)
 
$
(4,292
)
 
$
4,292

 
$
673,001

Net loss
 

 

 

 

 
(105,174
)
 

 

 

 
(105,174
)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 

 

 

 

 

 
(38,183
)
 

 

 
(38,183
)
Stock contribution to employee benefit plans and other
 
20

 
4

 
449

 

 

 

 

 

 
453

Restricted stock awards
 
235

 
47

 
(47
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash dividend ($0.04 per share)
 

 

 

 

 
(2,357
)
 

 

 

 
(2,357
)
Treasury stock repurchases
 

 

 

 
(17,101
)
 

 

 

 

 
(17,101
)
Stock based compensation expense
 

 

 
10,442

 

 

 

 

 

 
10,442

Stock option exercises
 
175

 
35

 
3,529

 

 

 

 

 

 
3,564

Tax effect of stock option exercises and restricted stock vesting
 

 

 
(3,943
)
 

 

 

 

 

 
(3,943
)
Stock issued to, acquired for and distributed from rabbi trust
 
30

 
6

 
242

 

 

 

 
1,646

 
(1,646
)
 
248

Balance at August 31, 2016
 
79,393

 
15,879

 
114,980

 
(617,731
)
 
1,259,645

 
(251,823
)
 
(2,646
)
 
2,646

 
520,950

Net loss
 

 

 

 

 
(66,213
)
 

 

 

 
(66,213
)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
 

 

 

 

 

 
24,562

 

 

 
24,562

Stock contribution to employee benefit plans and other
 
17

 
3

 
890

 

 

 

 

 

 
893

Restricted stock awards
 
397

 
79

 
(79
)