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EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS INCv447696_ex32-1.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS INCv447696_ex31-2.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS INCv447696_ex31-1.htm
EX-21 - EXHIBIT 21 - GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS INCv447696_ex21.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2015

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission file number: 001-33717

 

General Steel Holdings, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Nevada 41-2079252
(State of Incorporation) (I.R.S. Employer
  Identification Number)

 

Level 2, Building G,

No. 2A Chen Jia Lin, Ba Li Zhuang

Chaoyang District, Beijing, China 100025

 

(Address of Principal Executive Office, Including Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number: +86 (10) 8572 3073

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share None
(Title of each class) (Name of each exchange on which registered)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ¨ No x

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ¨ No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  ¨   Accelerated filer  ¨
     
Non-accelerated filer  ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company  x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ¨ No x

 

The aggregate market value of the voting common equity held by non-affiliates as of June 30, 2015, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, based upon the price of $1.06 that was the closing price of the common stock as reported on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “GSI” on such date, was approximately $7.6 million. The registrant has no non-voting common equity. 

 

As of August 19, 2016, 17,827,481 (excluding 494,462 shares of treasury stock) shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, were outstanding. 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I
     
ITEM 1. BUSINESS. 4
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS. 10
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS. 20
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES. 20
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS. 20
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES. 21
     
PART II
     
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES. 21
ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA. 21
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS. 21
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK. 35
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA. 36
ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE. 93
ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES. 93
ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION. 94
     
PART III
     
ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE. 95
ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION. 99
ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS. 101
ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE. 102
ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES. 108
     
PART IV
     
ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES. 109
   
SIGNATURES. 112

 

 2 

 

 

Cautionary Statement

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These statements relate to future events or the Company’s future financial performance. The Company has attempted to identify forward-looking statements by terminology including “anticipates,” “believes,” “expects,” “can,” “continues,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “potential,” “predicts,” “should” or “will” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. Such statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties, including the matters set forth in this Annual Report on Form 10-K or other reports or documents the Company files with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time, which could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those projected. Although the Company believes that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, the Company cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Undue reliance should not be placed on these forward-looking statements which speak only as of the date hereof. The Company’s expectations are as of the date this Annual Report on Form 10-K is filed, and the Company does not intend to update nor is obligated to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date this Annual Report on Form10-K is filed to confirm these statements to actual results, unless required by applicable law.

 

 3 

 

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS.

 

Overview

 

Unless the context indicates otherwise, as used herein the terms “General Steel”, the “Company”, “we”, “our” and “us” all refer to General Steel Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

 

We were incorporated on August 5, 2002, in the State of Nevada. We are headquartered in Beijing, China and through our 100% owned subsidiary, General Steel Investment, we had been operating steel companies serving various industries in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”). Our main operation through December 30, 2015 had been the manufacturing and sales of steel products such as steel rebar, hot-rolled carbon and silicon sheets and spiral-weld pipes.

 

Since the first quarter of 2015, in view of the near-term challenges for the steel manufacturing sector, we strategically accelerated our business transformation. Our transformation strategy is to pursue opportunities that offer compelling benefits to our organization and shareholders, including:

 

·strengthening the Company’s financials while providing the financial flexibility to pursue higher return, higher growth opportunities;
·reducing the complexity of the Company’s business structure, which is consistent with the Company’s objectives for internal simplification and operating efficiency;
·diversifying operating risk in order to lower the Company’s high reliance on steel business, while at the same time leverage on the Company’s vast vertical resources in the steel industry; and
·pursuing opportunities for additional value creation.

 

In June 2014, the Board approved our plan to transform from an integrated steel producer into a multi-faceted, synergistic platform that will comprise not only steel-related businesses but also high-growth, high-margin non-steel businesses.

  

Our growth strategy is a combination of optimizing operating efficiencies in our steel business and expanding into other high-growth and high-margin non-steel industries:

 

·We aim to drive profitability through improved operational efficiencies and optimization of our cost structure and continual cooperation and partnerships with leading state-owned enterprises (SOEs).
·We aim to continue of focusing and expanding growth on our trading activities.

 

On November 4, 2015, the Board authorized the Company's management to pursue the potential sale of all its ownership in Maoming Hengda Steel Company, Ltd. ("Maoming Hengda") and Longmen Joint Venture in order to unlock the hidden value in Maoming Hengda's land assets, as well as divest from and restructure the steel business. On December 30, 2015, we sold our equity interest in General Steel (China) Co., Ltd and Longmen Joint Venture. On March 21, 2016, we sold our equity interest in Maoming Hengda and completed the divestiture of our steel business as planned.

 

In October 2015, we completed our acquisition of an 84.5% equity interest in Catalon Chemical Corp. (“Catalon”), a Delaware corporation headquartered in Virginia that develops and manufactures De-NOx honeycomb catalysts and industrial ceramics.  Prior to December 31, 2015, we became aware of operational issues related to Catalon. It was determined that such issues might have affected Catalon’s prior operations, as well as its ability to conduct business in the future. As such, we are expected to cancel the shares issued to the 84.5% original owners of Catalon in accordance with the terms of the agreement. Because we have decided to dispose of Catalon in the near future, we are presenting Catalon’s remaining assets after impairment charges and liabilities as held for sale as of December 31, 2015 in the consolidated financial statements. See Note 21 in the accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

Our remaining steel business is primarily comprised of Tianjin Shuangsi, a trading company that mainly sources overseas iron ore for steel mills we acquired 100% equity interest of on February 16, 2016.

 

As a result of the restructuring, our former steel-related subsidiaries, including Longmen Joint Venture (prior to December 30, 2015), Maoming Hengda and our recently acquired non steel-related subsidiary, Catalon, all of which represented over a majority of our consolidated sales and operations, are presented as single-line items as assets held for sale and discontinued operations in our Consolidated Balance Sheets and Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

 4 

 

 

The following are percentages of operations held for sale to the consolidated totals for major financial statement amounts:

 

   For the year ended   For the year ended 
   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
Sales   100.0%   100.0%
Cost of goods sold   100.0%   100.0%
Provision for income taxes   100.0%   100.0%
Net loss   99.2%   89.8%
Net loss attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.   98.6%   83.6%

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
Current assets   71.2%   99.8%
Other assets   55.6%   100.0%
Total assets   56.6%   99.9%
Current liabilities   39.9%   100.0%
Noncurrent liabilities   -%    100.0%
Total liabilities   39.9%   100.0%

 

Recent Developments

 

On July 18, 2016, we received a notice from the staff of the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) stating that the NYSE has determined to commence proceedings to delist our common stock, and our common stock would be suspended at the close of trading on the same date.

 

In the notice and in a public announcement distributed by the NYSE on July 18, 2016, the NYSE stated that we were previously deemed below compliance with the NYSE’s continued listing standard requiring listed companies to maintain either (i) at least $50 million in stockholders’ equity or (ii) at least $50 million in total market capitalization on a 30 trading day average basis. The NYSE noted that they had previously accepted our 18-month plan to regain compliance with the listing standard. However, the NYSE stated that as of the expiration of the plan period on July 9, 2016, we were unable to demonstrate that we had regained compliance with the applicable continued listing standard. The NYSE also included in its public announcement that we were delayed in filing with the SEC of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 and our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, 2016 and June 30, 2016.

 

We appealed the delisting determination by submitting a request for review in writing to the Committee of the Board of Directors of the NYSE.

 

Prior to the NYSE notice, we had presented to the NYSE the steps we intended to take to address the deficiencies raised by the staff at NYSE. We reached an agreement with a number of our current debt holders to forgive existing debt and/or exchange debt for equity, which when completed, would have increased our stockholders’ equity to at least $50 million thereby satisfying the NYSE’s continued listing standard. However, there can be no assurance that we will be successful in our appeal and our request for continued listing will be granted.Subsidiaries

 

We presently have controlling interests in one trading subsidiary and one internet-of-things subsidiary under continuing operations:

 

·Tianjin Shuangsi Trading Co., Ltd. (“Tianjin Shuangsi”)
·Tongyong Shengyuan (Tianjin) Technology Development Co., Ltd. (“Tongyong Shengyuan”)

 

 5 

 

 

Our Company, together with our subsidiary and majority owned subsidiary are referred to as the “Group.” Longmen Joint Venture, which was consolidated into our Company through December 30, 2015, represented the majority of our revenue. It was determined to be a variable interest entity in which we were considered the primary beneficiary, as fully explained below.

 

General Steel (China) Co., Ltd

 

General Steel (China), formerly known as “Tianjin Daqiuzhuang Metal Sheet Co., Ltd.” started operations in 1988.

 

On May 14, 2009, General Steel (China) changed its official name from “Tianjin Daqiuzhuang Metal Sheet Co., Ltd.” to better reflect its role as a merger and acquisition platform for steel company investments in China.  In some instances, General Steel (China) retains the use of the name “Daqiuzhuang Metal” for brand recognition purposes within the industry.

 

On January 1, 2010, General Steel (China) entered into a lease agreement with Tianjin Shuangjie Liansheng Rolled Steel Co., Ltd. (the “Lessee”), an unrelated third party, whereby General Steel (China) leased parts of its facility located at No. 1, Tonga Street, Daqiuzhuang Town, Jinghai County, Tianjin City to the Lessee for a monthly payment of $0.1 million (RMB 0.5 million). The lease expires in May 2021.

 

On December 30, 2015, we sold 100% of our equity interest in General Steel (China) as a part of our plan to divest our steel business.

 

Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Co., Ltd

 

Effective June 1, 2007, through General Steel (China) and Tianjin Qiu Steel Investment Co., Ltd. (“Qiu Steel”), a 99% owned subsidiary of General Steel (China), we entered into a Joint Venture Agreement with Shaanxi Longmen Iron & Steel Group Co., Ltd. (“Long Steel Group”) to form Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. (“Longmen Joint Venture”). Through General Steel (China) and Qiu Steel, we invested approximately $39.3 million in cash and collectively held a 60% ownership interest in Longmen Joint Venture until April 29, 2011, when a 20-year Unified Management Agreement (the “Unified Management Agreement”) was entered into between our Company, Longmen Joint Venture, Shaanxi Coal and Shaanxi Steel. Longmen Joint Venture was determined as a Variable Interest Entity (“VIE”) and we are the primary beneficiary. 

  

Longmen Joint Venture had five branch offices, four consolidated subsidiaries/VIE and one entity in which it has a noncontrolling interest. It employed approximately 8,400 full-time workers.  In addition to steel production, Longmen Joint Venture operated transportation services through its Changlong Branch, located in Hancheng city, Shaanxi Province. Changlong Branch owned 177 vehicles and provides transportation services exclusively to Longmen Joint Venture

 

Longmen Joint Venture’s rebar products are categorized within the steel industry as “longs” (in reference to their shape). Rebar is generally considered a regional product because its weight and dimension make it ill-suited for cost-effective long-haul ground transportation. By our estimates, the market demand for rebar in Shaanxi Province is six to eight million metric tons per year. Slightly more than half of this demand comes from Xi’an, the capital of Shaanxi Province, located 180km from Longmen Joint Venture’s main steel production site. Longmen Joint Venture is estimated to have approximately a 72% share of the Xi’an market for rebar.

 

An established regional network of approximately one hundred twenty-eight distributors, together with smaller distributors and three sales offices sell Longmen Joint Venture’s products. All products are sold under the registered brand name of “Yulong”, which has strong regional recognition and awareness. Rebar and billet products carry ISO 9001 and 9002 certification and other of Longmen Joint Venture’s products have won national quality awards. Products produced at the facility have been used in the construction of the Yangtze River Three Gorges Dam, the Xi’an International Airport, the Xi’an city subway system and the Xi Luo Du and Xiang Jia Ba hydropower projects.

 

From June 2009 to March 2011, we worked with Shaanxi Steel to build new iron and steel making facilities, including two 1,280 cubic meter blast furnaces, two 120 metric ton converters, one 400 square meter sintering machine and some auxiliary systems.  As a result, Longmen Joint Venture incurred certain costs of construction as well as economic losses on suspended production of certain small furnaces and other equipment to accommodate the construction of the new equipment, on behalf of Shaanxi Steel.

 

 6 

 

 

On April 29, 2011, a 20-year Unified Management Agreement (“the Agreement”) was entered into between the Company, the Company’s 60%-owned subsidiary Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. (“Longmen Joint Venture”), Shaanxi Coal and Chemical Industry Group Co., Ltd. (“Shaanxi Coal”) and Shaanxi Iron and Steel Group (“Shaanxi Steel”). Shaanxi Steel is the controlling shareholder of Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd (“Long Steel Group”) which is the non-controlling interest holder in Longmen Joint Venture, and Shaanxi Coal, a state owned entity, is the parent company of Shaanxi Steel. Under the terms of the Agreement, all manufacturing machinery and equipment of Longmen Joint Venture and the $605.8 million (or approximately RMB 3.7 billion) of the constructed iron and steel making facilities owned by Shaanxi Steel, which includes one 400 m 2 sintering machine, two 1,280 m 3 blast furnaces, two 120 ton converters and some auxiliary systems, are managed collectively as a single virtual asset pool (“Asset Pool”). Longmen Joint Venture manages the Asset Pool as the principal operating entity and is responsible for the daily operations of the new and existing facilities. The Agreement leverages each of the parties’ operating strengths, allowing Longmen Joint Venture to derive the greatest benefit from the cooperation and the newly constructed iron and steel making facilities. At the designed efficiency level, the facilities contribute three million tons of crude steel production capacity per year.

 

Longmen Joint Venture paid Shaanxi Steel for the use of the constructed iron and steel making facilities an amount equaling the depreciation expense on the equipment constructed by Shaanxi Steel as well as 40% of the pre-tax profit generated by the Asset Pool. The remaining 60% of the pre-tax profit was allocated to Longmen Joint Venture. The distribution of profit was subject to a prospective adjustment after the first two years based on each entity’s actual investment of time and resources into the Asset Pool. There had been no adjustment to the Agreement from its inception to the present time and disposition.. The Agreement did not preclude the Company from selling its 60% ownership interest of Longmen Joint Venture.

 

The parties to the Agreement established the Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Unified Management Supervisory Committee ("Supervisory Committee") to ensure that the facilities and related resources are operated and managed according to the stipulations set forth in the Agreement. The Board of Directors of Longmen Joint Venture, of which we held 4 out of 7 seats, required a simple majority vote and remains the controlling decision-making body of Longmen Joint Venture and the Asset Pool.

 

The Agreement constituted an arrangement that involves a lease which meets certain of the criteria of a capital lease and therefore the assets constructed by Shaanxi Steel were accounted for by Longmen Joint Venture as a capital lease. The profit sharing liability portion of the lease obligation, representing 40% of the pre-tax profit generated by the Asset Pool, was accounted for by Longmen Joint Venture as a derivative financial instrument at fair value.

 

Due to recurring losses and the deterioration of steel industry conditions, management impaired the fair value of Longmen Joint Venture’s long-lived assets in the second quarter of 2015, and an impairment charge of approximately $974 million was recorded (Also see critical accounting policies – impairment of long-lived assets below).

 

On December 30, 2015, we sold our equity interest in General Steel (China) Co., Ltd, which included our variable interest entity, Longmen Joint Venture, to Victory Energy Resource Limited, a HK registered company indirectly-owned by Henry Yu, the Company's Chairman, a related party for $1million.

 

Maoming Hengda Steel Co., Ltd

 

On June 25, 2008, through our subsidiary Qiu Steel, we paid approximately $7.1 million (RMB 50 million) in cash to purchase 99% of Maoming Hengda Steel Group, Ltd. (“Maoming Hengda”).  The total registered capital of Maoming Hengda is approximately $77.8 million (RMB 544.6 million)

 

Maoming Hengda’s core business was the production of rebar products used in the construction industry.  Located on 140 hectares (approximately 346 acres) in Maoming city, Guangdong Province, the Maoming Hengda facility previously had two production lines capable of annual production capacities of 1.8 million metric tons of 5.5mm to 16mm diameter high-speed wire and 12mm to 38mm diameter rebar. The products were sold through nine distributors that targeted customers in Guangxi Province and the western region of Guangdong. To take advantage of a stronger market demand in Shaanxi Province, between 2009 and 2010, we relocated the 1.8 million metric ton capacity rebar production line and high-speed wire production line from Maoming Hengda's facility to Longmen Joint Venture.

 

In December 2010, we brought online a new 400,000 ton capacity rebar production line. On December 15, 2013, Maoming Hengda entered into a lease agreement with Zhongshan Baohua Rebar Factory, with which Maoming Hengda leased the 400,000 ton capacity rebar production line and various other buildings and equipment to Zhongshan Baohua Rebar Factory, for an annual payment of $1.2 million (RMB 7.2 million) for eight years between March 2014 and February 2022.

 

 7 

 

 

Management evaluates the fair value of Maoming Hengda’s long-lived assets on an annual basis, or upon a triggering event which would require an assessment sooner. As of December 31, 2015, Management is of the opinion that the fair value of the property, plant and equipment exceeded their current carrying value based on a third-party valuation.

 

On March 21, 2016, we sold our equity interest in Maoming Hengda to Tianwu Tongyong (Tianjin) International Trade Co., Ltd, ("Tianwu Tongyong"), for which the Company already had 32% equity interest in, for RMB 328.0 million in cash or approximately $50.5 million and with this transaction completed the full divestiture of our steel manufacturing and distribution business was completed.

 

Tongyong Shengyuan (Tianjin) Technology Development Co., Ltd

 

We established a subsidiary wholly owned by General Steel Investment Co., Ltd., Tongyong Shengyuan (Tianjin) Technology Development Co., Ltd. (“Tongyong Shengyuan”) in June 2015. Tongyong Shengyuan is still in the development stage and has no revenues or significant operating expenses during the year ended December 31, 2015 as well as through the reporting date of this Form 10K.

 

Catalon Chemical Corp.

 

In October 2015, we acquired an 84.5% equity interest in Catalon Chemical Corp. (“Catalon”), a Delaware corporation headquartered in Virginia that develops and manufactures De-NOx honeycomb catalysts and industrial ceramics.  Prior to December 31, 2015, we became aware of some operational issues related to Catalon. It was determined that such issues might have affected Catalon’s prior operations as well as its ability to conduct business in the future. As such, we are expected to cancel the shares issued to the 84.5% original owners of Catalon in accordance with the terms of the agreement at the end of 2016. Because we have decided to dispose of Catalon in the near future, we are presenting Catalon’s remaining assets, after impairment charges, and liabilities as held for sale as of December 31, 2015 in the consolidated financial statements. See Note 21 in the accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

Steel Production Capacity Information Summary by Subsidiary

 

Annual Production
Capacity (metric tons)
  General Steel
(China) (1)
    Longmen Joint
Venture
  Maoming
Hengda (1)
 
Crude Steel     -     7 million     -  
Processing     400,000     5 million     400,000  
                     
Main Products     Hot-rolled sheet     Rebar/High-speed wire     Rebar  
                     
Main Application     Light Agricultural vehicles     Infrastructure and construction     Infrastructure and construction  

 

  (1) The production facilities of General Steel (China) and Maoming Hengda were leased to unrelated parties through the respective disposition dates.

 

Marketing and Customers

 

We sell our products primarily to distributors and related parties, and we typically collect payment from these distributors in advance.  Our marketing efforts are mainly directed toward those customers who have demanding requirements for on-time delivery, timeliness of customer services, and product quality.  We believe that these requirements, as well as product planning, are critical factors in our ability to serve this segment of the market.

 

Our revenue is dependent, in large part, on significant contracts with a limited number of large customers. For the year ended December 31, 2015, approximately 15.1% of our sales were to one customer from our disposed operations. We believe that revenue derived from our current customers of our trading business will represent a significant portion of our total revenue going forward.

 

Moreover, our success will depend in part upon our ability to obtain orders from new customers, as well as the financial condition and success of our customers and general economic conditions in China.

 

 8 

 

 

Demand for our Products

 

We anticipate consistent demand for our products driven by the China construction and infrastructure projects despite pricing challenges under the current industry climate. We believe there will be sustained regional demand for several years as both the central and provincial governments continue to drive western region development efforts through our trading business customer.

 

Supply of Raw Materials

 

After our restructuring, our remaining businesses primarily trade iron ore, nickel-iron-manganese alloys, and other steel-related products. We do not anticipate any shortage on these products.

 

Industry Environment

 

Despite the growth in demand experienced throughout the past years, the overall nationwide steelmaking capacity still exceeds steel demand. There is significant over-capacity in the Chinese steel sector which is putting pressure on operators’ profitability and has become the most significant challenge in the steel manufacturing business. Chinese crude steel production reached a record high of 823 million tons in 2014, an increase of 0.89% over 2013, while the total consumption of crude steel was only 738 million tons in 2014, a decrease of 3.4% from the same period last year, according to the China Iron and Steel Association.

 

For steelmakers, operating performance depends on the volatility of the cost of raw materials. The shortage of these raw materials in the market has allowed suppliers of iron ore and metallurgical coal to rebuild the pricing mechanisms by shifting from annual to shorter-term price contracts. This has created numerous challenges for steelmakers as they must now deal with volatility in raw material prices, as well as maintain margins with fluctuating demand. Over the past few years, we have witnessed perseverance in steel prices that has given iron ore producers an opportunity to increase the prices in the next contract; however the reverse may not be true as steel companies cannot always pass on the rise in iron ore prices to end consumers due to the market overcapacity.

 

China’s steel industry is highly fragmented, and the Chinese government continues to encourage industry consolidation. The Chinese central government has had a long-stated goal to consolidate 60% of domestic steel production among the top ten producers by 2015, and expanding to 70% by 2020. The top ten producers’ output fell to 39% of the national output in 2013 from 49% in 2010, which is still below the 60% target for 2015 set in the 12th year plan.

 

Meanwhile, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China is targeting to reduce up to 80 million metric tons of capacity by the end of 2018. In April 2012, the central government announced its goal of reducing obsolete iron and steel capacities by 17.8 million tons in 2012 and successfully reached the goal and eliminated 20.2 million tons of obsolete iron and steel capacity. In April 2013, the central government published the industry target of eliminating 10.4 million tons of obsolete iron and steel capacities in 2013 and successfully eliminated 16.9 million tons of obsolete iron and steel capacity. In May 2014, the government reaffirmed its determination of industry consolidation, and announced that it plans to eliminate 28.7 million tons of obsolete iron and steel capacity in 2014 and successfully eliminated 31.1 million tons, which was more than the original target amount. Such industry consolidation through the reduction of obsolete iron and steel capacities are not expected to directly impact our Company because we continue to see a strong demand for our products, especially in Western China, and believe there are significant growth opportunities in the industry.

   

Despite the government’s initiatives to encourage industry consolidation and cut over-capacity, it is estimated that new capacity of approximately 20~25 million metric tons was added in 2014. Excess supply, weakening economic growth, and sagging prices have resulted in depressed margins and operating losses. According to statistics by China Iron and Steel Association, the blended net margin of China steel enterprises in 2014 was only 0.85%, with approximately 15% of major steel companies monitored by China Iron and Steel Association still incurring operating losses.

 

On July 12, 2010, the Ministry of Industry & Information Technology enacted the Steel Industry Admittance and Operation Qualifications standards. The new standards specify requirements for all aspects of steel production in China, which include: size of blast furnaces, size of converters, emission of waste water, dust per ton from steel production, quantity of coal used for each process in steel production and output capacity.  According to the new standards, blast furnaces under 450 cubic meters are targeted to be eliminated. These standards once again confirmed the central government’s determination to push forward the consolidation of this fragmented industry.

 

 9 

 

 

Since 2013, the government has exerted a more stringent environment protection policy on the steel industry. In January 2014, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China (the "MIIT") announced a List of Enterprises Fulfilling the Iron and Steel Industry Specification (the "List").  The List includes a highly-selected group of large and medium steel manufacturers that have met or exceeded more stringent national requirements and standards on product quality, environmental protection, energy consumption, workmanship and equipment, production scale, as well as work safety and social responsibility. The MIIT will collaborate with China's other governmental agencies to provide support to the List's members and to speed up the steel industry's restructuring and consolidation. Steel makers omitted from the List will most likely face higher electricity costs, more restrictive administrative measures, and adverse effects of forceful regulations intent on reducing the nation's overcapacity. Longmen Joint Venture, which was our major facility, is included on the List as one of the key steel enterprises in China’s Shaanxi Province.

 

Intellectual Property Rights

 

“Qiu Steel” is the registered trademark under which we sell hot-rolled carbon and silicon steel sheets products produced at General Steel (China). The “Qiu Steel” logo has been registered with the China National Trademark Bureau under No. 586433. “Qiu Steel” is registered under the GB 912-89 national quality standard and certified under the National Quality Assurance program.

 

“Yu Long” is the registered trademark under which we sell rebar and high-speed wire products produced in Longmen Joint Venture. The trademark is registered under the ISO9001:2000 international quality standard.

 

“Heng Da” is the registered trademark under which we sell high-speed wire and rebar products produced at our Maoming facility. The trademark is registered under the ISO9001:2000 international quality standard.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2015, we had approximately 76 full-time employees.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

 

Our business, financial condition and results of operations are subject to various risks, including those discussed below, which may affect the value of our securities. The risks discussed below are those that we believe are currently the most significant, although additional risks not presently known to us or that we currently deem less significant may also impact our business, financial condition and results of operations, perhaps materially.

 

Risks Related to Our Business

 

Our inability to fund our capital expenditure requirements may adversely affect our growth and profitability.

 

Our continued growth is dependent upon our ability to raise additional capital from outside sources. Our strategy is to grow through mergers, joint ventures and acquisitions targeting selected entities we believe have outstanding potential. Our growth strategy will require us to obtain additional financing. In the future, we may be unable to obtain the necessary financing on a timely basis and on favorable terms, if at all, and our failure to do so may weaken our financial position, reduce our competitiveness, limit our growth and reduce our profitability. Our ability to obtain acceptable financing at any given time may depend on a number of factors, including:

 

• Our financial condition and results of operations;

• The condition of the PRC economy and the industry sectors in which we operate; and

• Conditions in relevant financial markets in the United States, the PRC and elsewhere in the world.

 

Future disruptions in world financial markets and the resulting governmental action of the United States and other countries could have a material adverse impact on our ability to obtain financing, our results of operations, financial condition and cash flow and could cause the market price of our common stock to decline.

 

The credit markets worldwide and in the United States have experienced significant contraction, de-leveraging and reduced liquidity in the past, and the United States government and foreign governments have either implemented or are considering a broad variety of governmental action and/or new regulation of the financial markets to prevent these from occurring again. Securities and futures markets and the credit markets are subject to comprehensive statutes, regulations and other requirements.

 

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The uncertainty surrounding the future of the global credit markets has resulted in reduced access to credit worldwide. Major market disruptions, the current adverse changes in global market conditions, and the regulatory climate in the United States and worldwide may adversely affect our business or impair our ability to borrow funds as needed. The current market conditions may last longer than we anticipate. Such economic and governmental factors may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows and could cause the price of our common stock to decline significantly.

 

We have made and may continue to make acquisitions which could divert management's attention, cause ownership dilution to our stockholders, or be difficult to integrate, which may adversely affect our financial results.

 

It is our current plan to acquire companies and technologies that we believe are strategic to our future business. Integrating newly acquired businesses or technologies could put a strain on our resources, could be costly and time consuming, and might not be successful. Such acquisitions could divert our management's attention from other business concerns. In addition, we might lose key employees while integrating new organizations. Acquisitions could also result in customer dissatisfaction, performance problems with an acquired company or technology, potentially dilutive issuances of equity securities or the incurrence of debt, assumption or incurrence of contingent liabilities, possible impairment charges related to goodwill or other intangible assets or other unanticipated events or circumstances, any of which could harm our business. We might not be successful in integrating any acquired businesses, products or technologies, and might not achieve anticipated revenues and cost benefits.

 

The divestiture of our steel business and the limited operating history of our newly acquired entity may adversely affect our growth and profitability.

 

We sold our entire equity interest in General Steel (China) Co., Ltd. together with Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. (“Longmen Joint Venture”) to Victory Energy Resource Limited, a HK registered company indirectly-owned by Henry Yu, our Chairman, in December 2015. In addition, we sold our entire equity interest in Maoming Hengda Steel Company, Ltd. ("Maoming Hengda") to a non-related party and completed the divestiture of our steel manufacturing business due to certain near-term challenges in the steel sector. The majority of our operating assets and businesses were divested at the end of 2015 and in the first quarter of 2016 and our only operating entity, Tianjin Shuangsi, a trading company that primarily trades iron ore, nickel-iron-manganese alloys, and other steel-related products, which we acquired in February 2016, has a limited operating history. We are still in an early phase, and are just beginning to implement our business plan. The likelihood of our success should be considered in light of the problems, expenses, difficulties, complications and delays usually encountered by companies in their early stages of development, with low barriers to entry. We may not be successful in attaining the objectives necessary for us to overcome these risks and uncertainties. There can be no assurance that we can properly develop and operate our newly acquired entity and as a result our future growth and profitability may be adversely effected.

 

We may not be able to effectively control and manage our growth.

 

If our business and markets grow and develop, it will be necessary for us to finance and manage such an expansion in an orderly fashion. This growth will lead to an increase in the responsibilities of existing personnel, the hiring of additional personnel and expansion of our scope of operations. It is possible that we may not be able to obtain the required financing under terms that are acceptable to us or hire additional personnel to meet the needs of our expansion.

 

Because we have entered into a significant number of related party transactions through the course of our routine business operations, there is a risk that we may not be able to control the valuation of such transactions, which could then adversely impact our profitability.

 

In the course of our normal business, we have purchased raw materials and supplies from our related parties and also engaged in sales of our products to our related parties. Because such related party transactions may not always be completed at arm’s length due to their nature, we may not be able to control the valuation of such transactions and as a result, there is a risk that the value of such related party transactions exceeds market value, which could ultimately impact our profitability.

 

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We depend on bank financing for our working capital needs.

 

We have various financing facilities which are due on demand or within one year. So far, we have not experienced any difficulties in repaying such financing facilities. However, we may in the future encounter difficulties in repaying or refinancing such financings on time and may face severe difficulties in our operations and financial position.

 

We rely on Mr. Zuosheng Yu for important business leadership.

 

We depend, to a large extent, on the abilities and operations of our current management team. However, we have a particular reliance upon Mr. Zuosheng Yu, our Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and significant shareholder, for the direction of our business and leadership in our growth efforts. The loss of the services of Mr. Yu, for any reason, may have a material adverse effect on our business and prospects. We cannot guarantee that Mr. Yu will continue to be available to us, or that we will be able to find a suitable replacement for Mr. Yu on a timely basis.

 

Failure to achieve and maintain effective internal control over financial reporting could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and the trading price of our common stock. Also, we are exposed to potential risks from regulations requiring companies to evaluate controls under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

We are exposed to potential risks from regulations requiring companies to evaluate controls under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Ensuring that we have adequate internal financial and accounting controls and procedures in place to produce accurate financial statements on a timely basis is a costly and time-consuming effort that needs to be re-evaluated frequently. Failure on our part to have effective internal financial and accounting controls, including the material weakness, had and could in the future cause our financial reporting to be unreliable, had and could in the future have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition, and had and could in the future cause the trading price of our common stock to fall dramatically.

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, we have and will continue to evaluate our internal controls systems in order to allow management to report on our internal controls, as required by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. We have and will continue to perform the system and process evaluation and testing required in an effort to comply with the management certification and auditor attestation requirements of Section 404. As a result, we have and will continue to incur additional expenses and a diversion of management’s time. If we are not able to meet the requirements of Section 404 in a timely manner or with adequate compliance, we might be subject to sanctions or investigation by regulatory authorities, such as the SEC. Any such action could adversely affect our financial results and the market price of our stock.

 

We do not presently maintain product liability insurance in China, and our property and equipment insurance does not cover the full value of our property and equipment, which leaves us with exposure in the event of loss or damage to our properties or claims filed against us.

 

We currently do not carry any product liability or other similar insurance in China. We cannot assure you that we would not face liability in the event of the failure of any of our products.

 

We have purchased automobile insurance with third party liability coverage for our vehicles. In addition, we have purchased property insurance to cover production equipment. Except for property and automobile insurance, we do not have other insurance such as business liability or disruption insurance coverage for our operations in China. In the event of a significant product liability claim or other uninsured event, our financial results and the price of our common stock may be adversely affected.

 

Risks Related to Operating Our Business in China

 

We face the risk that changes in the policies of the Chinese government could have significant impact upon the business we may be able to conduct in China and the profitability of such business.

 

The economy in China is transitioning from a planned economy to a market oriented economy, subject to five-year and annual plans adopted by the government that set forth national economic development goals. Policies of the Chinese government can have significant effects on the economic conditions of China. The Chinese government has confirmed that economic development will follow a model of a market economy under socialism. Under this direction, we believe that China will continue to strengthen its economic and trading relationships with foreign countries and business development in China will follow market forces. While we believe that this trend will continue, there can be no assurance that such will be the case. A change in policies by the Chinese government could adversely affect our interests through, among other factors: changes in laws; regulations or the interpretation thereof; confiscatory taxation; restrictions on currency conversion; imports or sources of supplies; or the expropriation or nationalization of private enterprises. Although the Chinese government has been pursuing economic reform policies for approximately two decades, the Chinese government may significantly alter such policies, especially in the event of a change in leadership, social or political disruption, or other circumstances affecting China’s political, economic and social climate.

 

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The PRC laws and regulations governing our current business operations and contractual arrangements are uncertain, and if we are found to be in violation of such laws and regulations, we could be subject to sanctions, which along with, any changes in such laws and regulations may have a material and adverse effect on our business.

 

There are substantial uncertainties regarding the interpretation and application of PRC laws and regulations, including but not limited to the laws and regulations governing our business, or the enforcement and performance of our arrangements with customers in the event of the imposition of statutory liens, bankruptcy, or criminal proceedings against us or our customers. Along with our subsidiaries, we are considered foreign persons or foreign funded enterprises under PRC law, and, as a result, we are required to comply with certain PRC laws and regulations. These laws and regulations are relatively new and may be subject to future changes, and their official interpretation and enforcement may involve substantial uncertainty. The effectiveness of newly enacted laws, regulations or amendments may be delayed, resulting in detrimental reliance by foreign investors. New laws and regulations that affect existing and proposed future businesses may also be applied retroactively. In addition, the Chinese authorities retain broad discretion in dealing with violations of laws and regulations, including levying fines, revoking business licenses and requiring actions necessary for compliance. In particular, licenses, permits and beneficial treatment issued or granted to us by relevant governmental bodies may be revoked at a later time under contrary findings of higher regulatory bodies. We cannot predict what effect the interpretation of existing or new PRC laws or regulations may have on our businesses. We may be subject to sanctions, including fines, and could be required to restructure our operations. Such restructuring may not be deemed effective or may encounter similar or other difficulties. As a result of these substantial uncertainties, there is a risk that we may be found in violation of current or future PRC laws or regulations. In addition, PRC laws and regulations relating to land use have caused, and may cause again in the future, us to pay fines relating to the alleged misuse of certain agricultural land for industrial purposes.  When such misuse is alleged, the PRC also reserves the right to seize, and may seize, our equipment on the land in question. 

 

A slowdown or other adverse developments in the Chinese economy may materially and adversely affect our customers, demand for our services and our business.

 

Substantially all of our assets, and the assets of our operating subsidiaries and VIE, are located in China and our revenue is derived from our operations in China. We anticipate that our revenues generated in China will continue to represent all of our revenues in the near future. Accordingly, our results of operations and prospects are subject, to a significant extent, to the economic, political and legal developments in China. Although the PRC economy has grown significantly in recent years, we cannot assure you that such growth will continue. In addition, the Chinese government also exercises significant control over Chinese economic growth through the allocation of resources, controlling payment of foreign currency-denominated obligations, setting monetary policy and providing preferential treatment to particular industries or companies. Efforts by the Chinese government to slow the pace of growth of the Chinese economy could result in reduced demand for our products. A slowdown in overall economic growth, an economic downturn or recession or other adverse economic developments in the PRC may materially reduce the demand for our products and materially and adversely affect our business.

 

The PRC government’s recent measures to curb inflation rates could adversely affect future results of operations.

 

In recent years, the Chinese economy has experienced periods of rapid expansion and high rates of inflation. Rapid economic growth can lead to growth in the money supply and rising inflation. China’s Consumer Price Index increased by 2.0% for full year of 2014 according to the National Bureau of Statistics of China, or the NBS. If prices for our products rise at a rate that is insufficient to compensate for the rise in the costs of supplies, it may have an adverse effect on profitability. These factors have led to the adoption by the Chinese government, from time to time, of various corrective measures designed to restrict the availability of credit or regulate growth and contain inflation. High inflation may in the future cause the Chinese government to impose controls on credit and/or prices, or to take other action, which could inhibit economic activity in China, and thereby harm the market for our products.

 

In recent years, the government of China has undertaken various measures to alleviate the effects of inflation, especially with respect to key commodities. From time to time, the PRC National Development and Reform Commission announces national price controls on various products. The government of China has also encouraged local governments to institute price controls products. Such price controls could adversely affect our future results of operations and, accordingly, the price of our common stock.

 

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If relations between the United States and China deteriorate, our stock price may decrease and we may experience difficulties accessing the United States capital markets.

 

At various times during recent years, the United States and China have had disagreements over political and economic issues. Controversies may arise in the future between these two countries. Any political or trade controversies between the United States and China could impact the market price of our common stock and our ability to access United States capital markets.

 

The Chinese Government could change its policies toward private enterprises, which could result in the total loss of our investments in China.

 

Our business is subject to political and economic uncertainties in China and may be adversely affected by its political, economic and social developments. Over the past several years, the Chinese government has pursued economic reform policies including the encouragement of private economic activity and greater economic decentralization. The Chinese government may not continue to pursue these policies or may alter them to our detriment. Conducting our business might become more difficult or costly due to changes in policies, laws and regulations, or in their interpretation or the imposition of confiscatory taxation, restrictions on currency conversion, restrictions or prohibitions on dividend payments to stockholders, devaluations of currency or the nationalization or other expropriation of private enterprises. In addition, nationalization or expropriation could result in the total loss of our investments in China.

 

The Chinese State Administration of Foreign Exchange, or SAFE, requires Chinese residents to register with, or obtain approval from SAFE regarding their direct or indirect offshore investment activities.

 

China’s State Administration of Foreign Exchange Regulations regarding offshore financing activities by Chinese residents has undertaken continuous changes which may increase the administrative burden we face and create regulatory uncertainties that could adversely affect the implementation of our acquisition strategy. A failure by our shareholders who are Chinese residents to make any required applications and filings pursuant to such regulations may prevent us from being able to distribute profits and could expose us and our Chinese resident shareholders to liability under PRC law.

 

Our business, results of operations and overall profitability are linked to the economic, political and social conditions in China.

 

All of our business, assets and operations are located in China. The economy of China differs from the economies of most developed countries in many respects, including government involvement, level of development, growth rate, control of foreign exchange, and allocation of resources. The economy of China has been transitioning from a planned economy to a more market-oriented economy. Although the Chinese government has implemented measures emphasizing the utilization of market forces for economic reform, the reduction of state ownership of productive assets and the establishment of sound corporate governance in business enterprises, a substantial portion of productive assets in China is still owned by the Chinese government. In addition, the Chinese government continues to play a significant role in regulating industry by imposing industrial policies. It also exercises significant control over China’s economic growth through the allocation of resources, controlling payment of foreign currency denominated obligations, setting monetary policy and providing preferential treatment to particular industries or companies. Therefore, the Chinese government’s involvement in the economy may negatively affect our business operations, results of operations and our financial condition.

 

Governmental control of currency conversion may cause the value of your investment in our common stock to decrease.

 

The Chinese government imposes controls on the conversion of Renminbi or RMB into foreign currencies and, in certain cases, the remittance of currency out of China. We receive substantially all of our revenues in Renminbi, which is currently not a freely convertible currency. Shortages in the availability of foreign currency may restrict our ability to remit sufficient foreign currency to pay dividends, or otherwise satisfy foreign currency denominated obligations. Under existing Chinese foreign exchange regulations, payments of current account items, including profit distributions, interest payments and expenditures from a transaction, can be made in foreign currencies without prior approval from China’s State Administration of Foreign Exchange by complying with certain procedural requirements. However, approval from appropriate governmental authorities is required where Renminbi is to be converted into foreign currency and remitted out of China to pay capital expenses such as the repayment of bank loans denominated in foreign currencies.

 

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The Chinese government may also at its discretion restrict access in the future to foreign currencies for current account transactions. If the foreign exchange control system prevents us from obtaining sufficient foreign currency to satisfy our currency demands, we may not be able to pay certain of our expenses as they come due.

 

Currency fluctuations and restrictions on currency exchanges may adversely affect our business, including limiting our ability to convert RMB into foreign currencies and, if RMB were to decline in value, reducing our revenue in U.S. dollar terms.

 

Our reporting currency is the U.S. dollar and our operations in China use their local currency as their functional currencies. Substantially all of our revenue and expenses are in Renminbi, or RMB. We are subject to the effects of exchange rate fluctuations with respect to local currencies. For example, the value of the RMB depends to a large extent on Chinese government policies and China’s domestic and international economic and political developments, as well as supply and demand in the local market. Prior to July 21, 2005, the official exchange rate for the conversion of RMB to the U.S. dollar had generally been stable and the RMB had appreciated slightly against the U.S. dollar. However, on July 21, 2005, the Chinese government changed its policy of pegging the value of RMB to the U.S. dollar. Under the new policy, RMB may fluctuate within a narrow and managed band against a basket of certain foreign currencies. The four main currencies in the basket are the U.S. dollar, the Euro, the Japanese yen and the Korean won. In the three years that followed, a slight appreciation against the U.S. currency occurred and by the end of October 2008, the RMB exchange rate with the U.S. dollar had risen to nearly 6.8 to the U.S. dollar. Since mid-2008, the RMB has been held stable as the Chinese government considers how best to respond to the global economic crisis. In June 2010, the temporary dollar peg was again abandoned, after the Chinese RMB rose approximately 16% against the Euro as a result of the Greek fiscal crisis. However, the Chinese government has signaled that going forward its currency will only be allowed to appreciate gradually against the dollar. It is possible that the Chinese government could adopt a more flexible currency policy, which could result in more significant fluctuation of RMB against the U.S. dollar. We can offer no assurance that RMB will be stable against the U.S. dollar or any other foreign currency. Our financial statements are translated into U.S. dollars at the average exchange rates in each applicable period. To the extent the U.S. dollar strengthens against foreign currencies, the translation of these foreign currency-denominated transactions results in reduced revenue, operating expenses and net income for our international operations. Similarly, to the extent the U.S. dollar weakens against foreign currencies, the translation of these foreign currency-denominated transactions results in increased revenue, operating expenses and net income for our international operations. We are also exposed to foreign exchange rate fluctuations as we convert the financial statements of our foreign consolidated subsidiaries into U.S. dollars in consolidation. If there is a change in foreign currency exchange rates, the conversion of the foreign consolidated subsidiaries’ financial statements into U.S. dollars will lead to a translation gain or loss which is recorded as a component of other comprehensive income. In addition, we have certain assets and liabilities that are denominated in currencies other than the relevant entity’s functional currency. Changes in the functional currency value of these assets and liabilities create fluctuations that will lead to a transaction gain or loss. We have not entered into agreements or purchased instruments to hedge our exchange rate risks, although we may do so in the future. The availability and effectiveness of any hedging transaction may be limited and we may not be able to hedge our exchange rate risks.

 

We are subject to environmental and safety regulations, which may increase our compliance costs and reduce our overall profitability.

 

We are subject to the requirements of environmental and occupational safety and health laws and regulations in China. We may incur substantial costs or liabilities in connection with these requirements. Additionally, these regulations may become stricter, which will increase our costs of compliance in a manner that could reduce our overall profitability. The capital requirements and other expenditures that may be necessary to comply with environmental requirements could increase and become a significant expense linked to the conduct of our business.

 

Our operating subsidiaries must comply with environmental protection laws that could adversely affect our profitability.

 

We are required to comply with the environmental protection laws and regulations promulgated by the national and local governments of China. Yearly inspections of waste treatment systems require the payment of a license fee which could become a penalty fee if standards are not maintained. If we fail to comply with any of these environmental laws and regulations in China, depending on the types and seriousness of the violation, we may be subject to, among other things, warning from relevant authorities, imposition of fines, specific performance and/or criminal liability, forfeiture of profits made, being ordered to close down our business operations and suspension of relevant permits.

 

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Because the Chinese legal system is not fully developed, our legal protections may be limited.

 

The Chinese legal system is based upon written statutes. Prior court decisions may be cited for reference but are not binding on subsequent cases and have limited value as precedent. Since 1979, China’s legislative bodies have promulgated laws and regulations dealing with economic matters such as foreign investment, corporate organization and governance, commerce, taxation and trade. However, China has not developed a fully integrated legal system and the array of new laws and regulations may not be sufficient to cover all aspects of economic activities in China. In particular, because these laws and regulations are relatively new, and because of the limited volume of published decisions and their non-binding nature, the interpretation and enforcement of these laws and regulations involves uncertainties. In addition, published government policies and internal rules may have retroactive effects and, in some cases, the policies and rules are not published at all. As a result, we may be unaware of our violation of these policies and rules until sometime later. The laws of China govern our contractual arrangements with our affiliated entities and the enforcement of these contracts and the interpretation of the laws governing these relationships are subject to uncertainty.

 

In addition, our VIE and all of our subsidiaries that are incorporated in China are subject to all applicable PRC laws and regulations. Because of the relatively short period for enacting such a comprehensive legal system, the laws, regulations and legal requirements are relatively recent, and their interpretation and enforcement involve uncertainties. These uncertainties could limit the legal protections available to us and other foreign investors, including you, and may lead to penalties imposed on us because of the different understanding between the relevant authority and us. For example, according to current tax laws and regulations, we are responsible to pay business tax on a “Self-examination and Self-application” basis. However, since there is no clear guidance as to the applicability of certain preferential tax treatments, we may be found in violation of the interpretation of local tax authorities with regard to the scope of taxable services and the percentage of tax rate and therefore might be subject to penalties, including but not limited to, monetary penalties. In addition, we cannot predict the effect of future developments in the PRC legal system, including the promulgation of new laws, changes to existing laws or the interpretation or enforcement thereof, or the preemption of local regulations by national laws.

 

The resolution of these matters may be subject to the exercise of considerable discretion by agencies of the Chinese government, and forces unrelated to the legal merits of a particular matter or dispute may influence their determination. Any rights we may have to specific performance or to seek an injunction under PRC law, in either of these cases, are severely limited, and without a means of recourse by virtue of the Chinese legal system, we may be unable to prevent these situations from occurring. Although legislation in China over the past 30 years has significantly improved the protection afforded to various forms of foreign investment and contractual arrangements in China, these laws, regulations and legal requirements are relatively new and their interpretation and enforcement involve uncertainties, which could limit the legal protection available to us and foreign investors, including you.

 

The PRC State Administration of Foreign Exchange, or SAFE, restrictions on currency exchange may limit our ability to receive and use our sales revenue effectively and to pay dividends.

 

All of our sales revenues and expenses are denominated in RMB. Under PRC law, RMB is currently convertible under the “current account,” which includes dividends and trade and service-related foreign exchange transactions, but not under the “capital account,” which includes foreign direct investment and loans. Currently, our PRC operating subsidiaries may purchase foreign currencies for settlement of current account transactions, including payments of dividends to us, without the approval of SAFE, by complying with certain procedural requirements. However, the relevant PRC government authorities may limit or eliminate our ability to purchase foreign currencies in the future. Since substantially all of our future revenue will be denominated in RMB, any existing and future restrictions on currency exchange may limit our ability to utilize revenue generated in RMB to fund our business activities outside China that are denominated in foreign currencies.

 

Foreign exchange transactions by PRC operating subsidiaries under the capital account continue to be subject to significant foreign exchange controls and require the approval of or need to register with PRC government authorities, including SAFE. In particular, if our PRC operating subsidiaries borrow foreign currency through loans from us or other foreign lenders, these loans must be registered with SAFE, and if we finance our PRC operating subsidiaries by means of additional capital contributions, these capital contributions must be approved by certain government authorities, including the Ministry of Commerce People’s Republic of China, or their respective local counterparts. These limitations could affect our PRC operating subsidiaries’ ability to obtain foreign exchange through debt or equity financing.

 

The PRC government also may at its discretion restrict access in the future to foreign currencies for current account transactions. If the foreign exchange control system prevents us from obtaining foreign currency, we may be unable to meet obligations that may be incurred in the future that require payment in foreign currency.

 

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Under the New EIT Law, as defined below, we may be classified as a “resident enterprise” of China, which would likely result in unfavorable tax consequences to us and our non-PRC shareholders.

 

Under China’s Enterprise Income Tax Law, or the “EIT Law”, and its implementing rules, which became effective in 2008, an enterprise established with “de facto management bodies” within China is considered a “resident enterprise,” meaning that it can be treated in a manner similar to a Chinese enterprise for enterprise income tax purposes. Under the implementing rules of the New EIT Law, de facto management means substantial and overall management and control over the production and operations, personnel, accounting, and properties of the enterprise. Because the New EIT Law and its implementing rules are new, it is unclear how tax authorities will determine tax residency based on the facts of each case.

 

In April 2009, the State Administration of Taxation (“SAT”) issued a new circular to clarify the criteria for recognizing the resident enterprise status for Chinese controlled foreign companies. According to the Circular Regarding the Determination Criteria on Chinese Controlled Offshore Companies as Resident Enterprises (Circular Guoshuifa 2009 No. 82), if a foreign company simultaneously satisfies the following four criteria it will have resident enterprise status:

 

·It constitutes a Chinese controlled foreign company and shall be deemed to be a PRC resident enterprise.
·The premises where the senior management and the senior management bodies responsible for the routine production and business management of the enterprise perform their functions are mainly located within China.
·The financial decisions (including, borrowing, lending, financing, financial risk management, etc.) and the personnel decisions (for example, appointment, dismissal, remuneration, etc.) of the enterprise are made by the bodies or persons within China or are subject to the approval of the bodies or persons within China.
·The enterprise’s primary properties, accounting books, company seals, minutes and archives of the meetings of the board of directors and shareholders are located or preserved within China. The enterprise’s directors or senior management with fifty percent or more of the voting rights usually live in China.

 

Despite the issuance of the new clarifying circular referenced above, the application of these standards remains uncertain. If the PRC tax authorities determine that we are a “resident enterprise” for PRC enterprise income tax purposes, unfavorable PRC tax consequences could follow. First, we will be subject to enterprise income tax at a rate of 25% on our worldwide taxable income as well as PRC enterprise income tax reporting obligations. Second, although under the EIT Law and its implementing rules dividends paid to us from our PRC subsidiaries would qualify as “tax-exempt income,” such dividends may be subject to a 10% withholding tax, as the PRC foreign exchange control authorities, which enforce the withholding tax, have not yet issued guidance with respect to the processing of outbound remittances to entities that are treated as resident enterprises for PRC enterprise income tax purposes. Finally, it is possible that future guidance issued with respect to the new “resident enterprise” classification would result in a situation in which a 10% withholding tax is imposed on dividends we pay to our non-PRC shareholders and with respect to gains derived by our non-PRC shareholders from transferring our shares.

 

If we were treated as a “resident enterprise” by PRC tax authorities, we would be subject to tax in both the U.S. and China, and our PRC tax may not be creditable against our U.S. tax. In addition, we have not accrued any tax liability associated with the possible payment of dividends to our U.S. parent company. Such a tax would be an added expense appearing on our income statement, which would reduce our net income.

 

Failure to comply with the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act could subject us to penalties and other adverse consequences.

 

We are subject to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, or FCPA, which generally prohibits United States companies from engaging in bribery or other prohibited payments to foreign officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. In addition, we are required to maintain records that accurately and fairly represent our transactions and have an adequate system of internal accounting controls. Foreign companies, including some that may compete with us, are not subject to these prohibitions, and therefore may have a competitive advantage over us. Corruption, extortion, bribery, pay-offs, theft and other fraudulent practices occur from time-to-time in the PRC. We can make no assurance that our employees or other agents will not engage in such conduct for which we might be held responsible. If our employees or other agents are found to have engaged in such practices, we could suffer severe penalties and other consequences that may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

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If we become subject to the recent scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity involving U.S.-listed Chinese companies, we may have to expend significant resources to investigate and resolve such allegations, which could harm our business operations, stock price and reputation, especially if such matter cannot be addressed and resolved favorably.

 

Recently, U.S. public companies that have substantially all of their operations in China, particularly companies like us which have completed so-called reverse merger transactions, have been the subject of intense scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity by investors, financial commentators and regulatory agencies, such as the SEC. Much of the scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity has centered around financial and accounting irregularities and mistakes, a lack of effective internal controls over financial accounting, inadequate corporate governance policies or a lack of adherence thereto and, in many cases, allegations of fraud. As a result of the scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity, the publicly traded stock of many U.S. listed Chinese companies has sharply decreased in value and, in some cases, has become virtually worthless. Many of these companies are now subject to shareholder lawsuits, SEC enforcement actions and are conducting internal and external investigations into the allegations. It is not clear what effect this sector-wide scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity will have on our Company, our business and our stock price. If we become the subject of any unfavorable allegations, whether such allegations are proven to be true or untrue, we will have to expend significant resources to investigate such allegations and/or defend our Company. This situation will be costly and time consuming and distract our management from growing our Company. If such allegations are not proven to be groundless, our Company and our business operations will be severely impacted and your investment in our stock could be rendered worthless.

 

The disclosures in our reports and other filings with the SEC and our other public pronouncements are not subject to the scrutiny of any regulatory bodies in the PRC. Accordingly, our public disclosure should be reviewed in light of the fact that no governmental agency that is located in China where substantially all of our operations and business are located had conducted any due diligence on our operations or reviewed or cleared any of our disclosure.

 

We are regulated by the SEC and our reports and other filings with the SEC are subject to SEC review in accordance with the rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC under the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Since substantially all of our operations and business takes place in China, it may be more difficult for the SEC to overcome the geographic and cultural obstacles when reviewing our disclosure. These same obstacles are not present for similar companies whose operations or business take place entirely or primarily in the United States. Furthermore, our SEC reports and other disclosure and public pronouncements are not subject to the review or scrutiny of any PRC regulatory authority. For example, the disclosure in our SEC reports and other filings are not subject to the review of the Chinese Securities Regulatory Commission, a PRC regulator that is tasked with oversight of the capital markets in China. Accordingly, you should review our SEC reports, filings and our other public pronouncements with the understanding that no local regulator has done any due diligence on our Company and with the understanding that none of our SEC reports, other filings or any of our other public pronouncements has been reviewed or otherwise been scrutinized by any local regulator.

 

We make equity compensation grants to persons who are PRC citizens and they may be required to register with SAFE. We may also face regulatory uncertainties that could restrict our ability to adopt equity compensation plans for our directors and employees and other parties under PRC laws.

 

On March 28, 2007, SAFE issued the “Operating Procedures for Administration of Domestic Individuals Participating in the Employee Stock Ownership Plan or Stock Option Plan of An Overseas Listed Company,” also known as “Circular 78.” It is not clear whether Circular 78 covers all forms of equity compensation plans or only those which provide for the granting of stock options. For any plans which are so covered and are adopted by a non-PRC listed company, such as our Company, after March 28, 2007, Circular 78 requires all participants who are PRC citizens to register with and obtain approvals from SAFE prior to their participation in the plan. In addition, Circular 78 also requires PRC citizens to register with SAFE and make the necessary applications and filings if they participated in an overseas listed company’s covered equity compensation plan prior to March 28, 2007. We believe that the registration and approval requirements contemplated in Circular 78 are burdensome and time consuming.

 

We currently have an effective equity incentive plan and make numerous stock grants under the plan to our officers, directors and employees, some of whom are PRC citizens and may be required to register with SAFE. If it is determined that any of our equity compensation plans are subject to Circular 78, failure to comply with relevant provisions may subject us and participants of any such equity incentive plan who are PRC citizens to fines and legal sanctions and prevent us from being able to grant equity compensation to our PRC employees. In that case, our ability to compensate our employees and directors through equity compensation and to attract and retain employees and directors may be hindered and our business operations may be adversely affected.

 

Due to various restrictions under PRC law on the distribution of dividends by our PRC operating companies, we may not be able to pay dividends to our shareholders.

 

The Wholly-Foreign Owned Enterprise Law (1986) (“WFOE”), as amended and the Wholly-Foreign Owned Enterprise Law Implementing Rules (1990), as amended and the Company Law of the PRC (2006) contain the principal regulations governing dividend distributions by wholly foreign owned enterprises. Under these regulations WFOE’s may pay dividends only out of their accumulated profits, if any, determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. Additionally, a WFOE is required to set aside a certain amount of its accumulated profits each year, if any, to fund certain reserve funds. These reserves are not distributable as cash dividends, except in the event of liquidation, and cannot be used for working capital purposes.

 

 18 

 

 

Furthermore, if any of our consolidated subsidiaries in China incurs debt in the future, the instruments governing the debt may restrict our ability to pay dividends or make other payments. If we or our consolidated subsidiaries are unable to receive all of the revenues from our operations due to these contractual or dividend arrangements, we may be unable to pay dividends on our common stock. In addition, under WFOE regulations mentioned above, we must retain a reserve equal to 10 percent of net income after taxes, not to exceed 50 percent of registered capital. Accordingly, this reserve will not be available to be distributed as dividends to our shareholders. We presently do not intend to pay dividends in the foreseeable future. Our management intends to follow a policy of retaining all of our earnings to finance the development and execution of our strategy and the expansion of our business.

 

We may have difficulty establishing adequate management, legal and financial controls in the PRC.

 

The PRC historically has been deficient in western style management and financial reporting concepts and practices, as well as in modern banking and other control systems. We may have difficulty in hiring and retaining a sufficient number of qualified employees to work in the PRC. As a result of these factors, and especially given that we are an exchange listed company in the U.S. and subject to regulation as such, we may experience difficulty in establishing management, legal and financial controls, collecting financial data and preparing financial statements, books of account and corporate records and instituting business practices that meet western standards. As there is a shortage of well-educated and experienced professionals who have bilingual and bicultural backgrounds in China, especially in remote areas where our factories are located, we may experience high turnover in our staff. Therefore, we may, in turn, experience difficulties in implementing and maintaining adequate internal controls as required under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and other applicable laws, rules and regulations. This may result in significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in our internal controls which could impact the reliability of our financial statements and prevent us from complying with SEC rules and regulations and the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Any such deficiencies, weaknesses or lack of compliance could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and the public announcement of such deficiencies could adversely impact our stock price.

 

Risks Related to Our Common Stock

 

Our officers, directors and affiliates control us through their positions and stock ownership and their interests may differ from other stockholders.

 

Our officers, directors and affiliates beneficially own approximately 45.7% of our common stock. Mr. Zuosheng Yu, our major stockholder, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board, beneficially owns approximately 45.0% of our common stock in addition to Series A Preferred Stock which carries a voting power of 30% of the combined voting power of our common stock and preferred stock while outstanding. Mr. Yu can effectively control us and his interests may differ from other stockholders.

 

All of our subsidiaries and substantially all of our assets are located outside the United States.

 

All our subsidiaries are located in China and substantially all of our assets are located outside the United States. It may therefore be difficult for investors in the United States to enforce their legal rights based on the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities laws against us in the courts of either the United States or China and, even if civil judgments are obtained in United States courts, such judgments may not be enforceable in Chinese courts. Most of our directors and officers reside outside of the United States. It is unclear if extradition treaties now in effect between the United States and China would permit effective enforcement against us or our officers and directors of criminal penalties under the U.S. federal securities laws or otherwise.

 

We have never paid cash dividends and are not likely to do so in the foreseeable future.

 

We currently intend to retain any future earnings for use in the operation and expansion of our business. We do not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future but will review this policy as circumstances dictate.

 

Our common stock is subject to price volatility unrelated to our operations.

 

The market price of our common stock could fluctuate substantially due to a variety of factors, including market perception of our ability to achieve our planned growth, quarterly operating results of other steel makers, trading volume in our common stock, changes in general conditions in the economy and the financial markets or other developments affecting our competitors or us. In addition, the stock market is subject to extreme price and volume fluctuations. This volatility has had a significant effect on the market price of securities issued by many companies for reasons unrelated to their operating performance and could have the same effect on our common stock.

 

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There can be no assurance that we will be successful in our appeal from the NYSE’s decision to commence proceedings to delist our common stock and delisting of our common stock from the NYSE could have a significant negative effect on the value and liquidity of our securities as well as other matters.

 

We received a notice from NYSE Regulations, Inc. stating that the NYSE has determined to commence proceedings to delist our common stock, and our common stock was suspended from trading at the close of trading on July 18, 2016. We were previously deemed not in compliance with the continued listing standard set forth in Section 802.01B of the Listed Company Manual of the NYSE (the “Manual”). Noncompliance with Section 802.01B of the Manual (the “Market Cap Standard”) is due to the Company not maintaining an average market capitalization of at least fifty million dollars ($50,000,000) over a consecutive 30 trading-day period. The NYSE also included in its public announcement that we were delayed in filing with the SEC of our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 and our Form 10-Q for the quarter end March 31, 2016.

 

We have submitted a written request appealing the delisting determination and have requested that such determination be reviewed by a Committee of the Board of Directors of the NYSE by submitting a request for review in writing. However, there is no assurance that our appeal will be successful and our request for continued listing will be granted. If our common stock is delisted from the NYSE, such securities may be traded over-the-counter on the “pink sheets.” The alternative market, however, is generally considered to be less efficient than, and not as broad as, the NYSE. Accordingly, delisting of our common stock from the NYSE could have a significant negative effect on the value and liquidity of our securities. In addition, the delisting of such stock could adversely affect our ability to raise capital on terms acceptable to us or at all. In addition, delisting of our common stock may preclude us from using exemptions from certain state and federal securities regulations, including the SEC’s “penny stock” rules.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.

 

Not Applicable.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES.

 

After the disposition of Maoming Hengda in March 2016, we no longer have the land use rights disclosed here.

 

Maoming Hengda

 

The properties of Maoming Hengda consist of our production and administrative sites located in two separated sites inside Maoming city, Guangdong province, on land totaling approximately 240 acres (96.9 hectares).

 

Maoming Hengda is the registered owner of the land use rights for the parcels of land identified in the chart below.

 

Registered Owner
Of Land Use Right
  Location & Certificate
Of Land Use Right
  Usage   Space
(acres)
    Life of Land
Use
Right
  Remaining
Life
                         
Maoming Hengda   Diancheng Town,
Dianbai County, Maoming City, Industrial Zone of Bohe Port, Guangdong
  Industrial Use     240     50 Years   40 Years

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

 

From time to time, we are subject to certain legal proceedings, claims and disputes that arise in the ordinary course of our business. Although we cannot predict the outcomes of these legal proceedings, we do not believe these actions, in the aggregate, will have a material adverse impact on our financial position, results of operations or liquidity. We are currently not a party to any material legal proceedings.

 

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ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

 

The information required by Item 4 is not applicable to us, as we have no mining operations in the United States.

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

 

Until July 18, 2016, our common stock was listed on the NYSE under the symbol “GSI”. As of the close of trading on such date, our common stock was suspended from the NYSE and is now quoted on the “pink sheets.” We have timely submitted a written request to appeal the delisting determination and such determination will be reviewed by a Committee of the Board of Directors of the NYSE. Our common stock will remain suspended until a determination has been made by the Committee of the Board of Directors of the NYSE with respect to our listing.

 

The high and low closing common stock price for each quarter of the last two years is as follows:

 

HIGH AND LOW SALES PRICES  1ST QTR   2ND QTR   3RD QTR   4TH QTR 
2015                    
High  $5.15   $5.15   $4.15   $3.50 
Low  $3.15   $3.45   $3.00   $0.83 
2014                    
High  $7.35   $6.6   $5.95   $5.30 
Low  $4.50   $4.50   $4.85   $3.20 

 

As of August 25, 2016, there were approximately 335 holders of record of our common stock.

 

Dividend Policy

 

Our Board of Directors currently does not intend to declare dividends or make any other distributions to our shareholders. Any determination to pay dividends in the future will be at our board’s discretion and will depend upon our results of operations, financial condition and prospects as well as other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Sale Securities

 

None.

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.

 

Not Applicable.

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

 

Forward-Looking Statements:

 

The following discussion of the financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included elsewhere in this Annual Report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements. General Steel Holdings, Inc. is referred to herein as “we”, “our,” “us” and “the Company.” The words or phrases “would be,” “will allow,” “expect to”, “intends to,” “will likely result,” “are expected to,” “will continue,” “is anticipated,” “estimate,” or similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements include those concerning our expected financial performance, our corporate strategy and operational plans. Actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of a number of risks and uncertainties, including: (a) those risks and uncertainties related to general economic conditions in People’s Republic of China, including regulatory factors that may affect such economic conditions; (b) whether we are able to manage our planned growth efficiently and operate profitable operations, including whether our management will be able to identify, hire, train, retain, motivate and manage required personnel or that management will be able to successfully manage and exploit existing and potential market opportunities; (c) whether we are able to generate sufficient revenues or obtain financing to sustain and grow our operations; and (d) whether we are able to successfully fulfill our primary requirements for cash which are explained below under “Liquidity and Capital Resources” as well as other factors described in “Item 1A: Risk Factors” in this Annual Report. You should carefully review all of these factors, as well as the comprehensive discussion of forward-looking statements on page 4 of this Annual Report. Unless otherwise required by applicable law, we do not undertake, and we specifically disclaim any obligation, to update any forward-looking statements to reflect occurrences, developments, unanticipated events or circumstances after the date of such statement.

 

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OVERVIEW

 

On November 4, 2015, our Board of Directors (the "Board"), including the audit committee, committed to a plan and authorized our management to pursue the potential sale of all our ownership interest in Maoming Hengda and Longmen Joint Venture in order to unlock the hidden value in Maoming Hengda's land assets, as well as divest from and restructure our steel business. On December 30, 2015, we sold our equity interest in General Steel (China) Co., Ltd and Longmen Joint Venture. On March 21, 2016, we sold our equity interest in Maoming Hengda and completed the divestiture of our steel business as planned. As a result, General Steel (China) Co., Ltd. which included Longmen Joint Venture and subsidiaries’ financial information was presented as operation disposed and Maoming Hengda’s financial information was presented as operations to be disposed and assets and liabilities held for sale for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 in the consolidated financial statements.

 

Our growth strategy is a combination of optimizing operating efficiencies in our steel business and expanding into other high-growth and high-margin non-steel industries:

 

·We aim to drive profitability through improved operational efficiencies and optimization of our cost structure and continual cooperation and partnerships with leading state-owned enterprises (SOEs).
·We aim to expand into other high-growth and high-margin non-steel industries, such as logistics and Internet-of-Things.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The continuing operations mainly consists of our holding companies since we completed the divestiture of our steel manufacturing business as planned through the December 30, 2015 and the March 21, 2016 sale and disposition of Longmen Joint Venture and Maoming Hengda, respectively.

 

Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014:

 

(In thousands except share data)  2015   2014   Change   Percentage
Change
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses  $(10,811)  $(8,188)  $(2,623)   32.0%
Change in Fair Value of Profit Sharing Liability   -    -    -    0.0%
Loss from Operations   (10,811)   (8,188)   (2,623)   32.0%
                     
Other (Expense) Income, net   (3)   216    (219)   (101.4)%
Loss Before Provision for Income Taxes and Noncontrolling Interest   (10,814)   (7,972)   (2,842)   35.6%
Provision for Income Taxes   -    -    -    0.0%
Loss from Continuing Operations   (10,814)   (7,972)   (2,842)   35.6%
Net Loss from Operations to Be Disposed, Net of Application Income Taxes   (13,680)   (1,658)   (12,022)   725.1%
Net Loss from Operations Disposed, Net of Application Income Taxes   (1,279,820)   (68,646)   (1,211,174)   1,764.4%
Net Loss   (1,304,314)   (78,276)   (1,226,038)   1,566.3%
Less: Net Loss Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest from Continuing operations   -    -    -    0.0%
Less: Net Loss Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest from Operations to Be Disposed   (1,933)   (53)   (1,880)   3543.3%
Less: Net Loss Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest from Operations Disposed   (513,092)   (29,500)   (483,592)   1,639.3%
Net Loss Attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.  $(789,289)  $(48,723)  $(740,566)   1,520.0%
Net Loss  $(1,304,314)  $(78,276)  $(1,226,038)   1,566.3%
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments   93,824    590    93,234    15,802.4%
Comprehensive Loss   (1,210,490)   (77,686)   (1,132,804)   1,458.2%
Less Comprehensive Loss Attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.   (483,442)   (28,652)   (454,790)   1,587.3%
Comprehensive Loss Attributable to General Steel Holding, Inc.  $(727,048)  $(49,034)  $(678,014)   1,382.7%
                     
Weighted Average Number of Shares   13,749    11,169    2,580    23.1%
Loss Per Share – Basic and Diluted                    
Continuing Operations  $(0.79)  $(0.71)  $(0.08)   11.3%
Operations to be disposed   (0.85)   (0.14)   (0.71)   507.1%
Operations disposed   (55.77)   (3.50)   (52.27)   1,493.4%
Net Loss  $(57.41)  $(4.35)  $(53.06)   1,219.8%

 

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General and Administrative Expenses (“G&A”)

 

Fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 compared with fiscal year ended December 31, 2014

 

(in thousands)

   December 31,
2015
   December 31,
2014
   Change % 
             
General and administrative expenses  $(10,811)  $(8,188)   32.0%

 

G&A expenses increased by 32.0% to $(10.8) million for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to $(8.2) million for the same period in 2014. The increase was mainly due to the increase in consulting expenses of approximately $3.8 million in related to the shares that we issued to a consulting firm for business growth and strategic consulting.

 

(Loss) Income from Operations

 

Fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 compared with fiscal year December 31, 2014

 

(in thousands)        
   2015   2014   Change % 
             
Loss from operations  $(10,811)  $(8,188)   32.0%

 

Loss from operations for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $(10.8) million as compared to a loss of $(8.2) million for the same period in 2014. The increase in loss from operations was predominantly due to the increase in G&A expenses as discussed above.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

Fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 compared with fiscal year ended December 31, 2014

 

(in thousands)        
   2015   2014   Change % 
             
Interest income   -    315    (100.0)%
Finance/interest expense   (3)   (99)   (97.0)%
Total other (expense) income, net  $(3)  $216    (101.4)%

 

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Total other (expense) income, net, for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $3 thousand, a 101.4% decrease compared to $0.2 million other income for the same period in 2014. The decrease was mainly a result of the $0.3 million decrease in interest income.

 

Income Taxes

 

For the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, we had no tax provision for income taxes. We evaluated the deferred tax assets and concluded the net operating loss may not be fully realizable and to provide 100% valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets for our continuing operations. No deferred income tax benefit was recorded for the year ended December 31, 2015 as the resulting deferral of tax assets being fully reserved because the benefit was not considered to be realizable due to recent historical experience.

 

Net Loss from Continuing Operations

 

Fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 compared with fiscal year ended December 31, 2014

 

(in thousands)        
   2015   2014   Change % 
             
Net loss from continuing operations  $(10,814)  $(7,972)   35.6%

 

 Net loss from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $(10.8) million as compared to a loss of approximately $(8.0) million for the same period in 2014. The increase in loss from operations was predominantly due to the increase of consulting expenses of approximately $3.8 million related to the shares that we issued to a consulting firm for business growth and strategic consulting.

 

Net Loss from Operations to be Disposed

 

Fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 compared with fiscal ended December 31, 2014

 

(in thousands)        
   2015   2014   Change % 
             
Net loss from operations to be disposed, net of applicable income taxes  $(13,680)  $(1,658)   725.1%

 

Net loss from operations to be disposed for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $(13.7) million as compared to a loss of $(1.6) million for the same period in 2014. The increase in loss from operations to be disposed was predominantly due to the impairment charge of $12.2 million from our Catalon acquisition after we became aware of operational issues related to Catalon, which we determined impaired the future viability of Catalon.

 

Net Loss from Operations Disposed

 

Fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 compared with fiscal ended December 31, 2014

 

(in thousands)        
   2015   2014   Change % 
             
Net loss from operations to be disposed, net of applicable income taxes  $(1,279,820)  $(68,646)   1,764.4%

 

Net loss from operations disposed for the year ended December 31, 2015 was approximately $(1.3) billion as compared to a loss of approximately $(70.0) million for the same period in 2014. The increase in loss from our Longmen Joint Venture operations was a result of a significant decrease in rebar selling price despite an increase of sales volume during the period.

 

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For the year ended 2015, sales from operations disposed amounted to $1.5 billion, a decrease of $0.7 billion or 32.6% compared to $2.3 billion for the year ended of 2014. The decrease was mainly due to a significant decrease in rebar selling price despite an increase of sales volume during the period.

 

For the year ended of 2015, cost of goods sold from operations to be disposed amounted to $1.7 billion, a decrease of $0.6 billion or 25.1% compared to $2.3 billion for the year ended of 2014. The decrease was mainly driven by the decreased unit costs of raw materials which is consistent with the decrease in selling price.

 

As a result, our gross loss from operations disposed in 2015 was $(187.2) million, an increase in loss of $168.0 million compared to a gross loss of $19.2 million in 2014. Along with a $3.8 million increase in selling, general and administrative expenses mainly due to increase in freight cost along with the increase in sales volume, an impairment charge of $974 million in our Longmen Joint Venture’s long-lived assets, a decrease in $20.6 million gain from change in fair value of profit sharing liabilities and $1.0 million increase in finance/interest expense, net loss from operations disposed increased to $(1.3) billion as compared to a $(68.6) million loss for the same period in 2014.

 

Net Loss attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.

 

Fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 compared with the year ended December 31, 2014

 

(in thousands)        
   2015   2014   Change % 
             
Net loss  $(1,304,314)  $(78,276)   1,566.3%
Less: Net loss attributable to the noncontrolling interest from continuing operations   -    -    - 
Less: Net loss attributable to the noncontrolling interest from operations to be disposed   (1,933)   (53)   3,543.3%
Less: Net loss attributable to the noncontrolling interest from operations disposed   (513,092)   (29,500)   1,639.3%
Net loss attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.  $(789,289)  $(48,723)   1,520.0%

 

Net loss attributable to us for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $(789.3) million as compared to $(48.7) million for the same period in 2014. The increase in net loss attributable to us for the year ended December 31, 2015 was mainly a result of the loss from our Longmen Joint Venture operations, which we disposed of on December 30, 2015.

 

We have subsidiaries in which we do not have a 100% ownership interest. Allocation of income or loss to these non-controlling interests is based on the percentage of their equity investment times the subsidiaries’ net income or loss.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

As of December 31, 2015, our current liabilities exceeded the current assets by approximately $75.9 million. Given our expected expenditures in the foreseeable future together with our cash flow from trading operations, we have comprehensively considered our available sources of funds as follows:

 

·Financial support and credit guarantee from related parties; and

 

·Disposal of subsidiary.

 

Based on the above considerations, our Board of Directors is of the opinion that we may not be able to obtain sufficient funds to meet our working capital requirements and debt obligations as they become due over the twelve months from the balance sheet date.  However, we have completed the divestiture of our steel manufacturing business as planned on terms favorable to the Company by reducing our net deficiency and although recently acquired businesses are not yet profitable or proven, they are not expected to result in net working capital deficiency as compared to our steel business.

 

As of December 31, 2015, we had cash aggregating $4 thousand.

 

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Substantially all our operations are conducted in China and all of our revenues are denominated in Renminbi (RMB). RMB is subject to the exchange control regulation in China, and, as a result, we may have difficulty distributing any dividends outside of China due to PRC exchange control regulations that restrict its ability to convert RMB into U.S. Dollars.

 

Under applicable PRC regulations, foreign-invested enterprises in China may pay dividends only out of their accumulated profits, if any, determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. In addition, a foreign-invested enterprise in China is required to set aside at least 10.0% of its after-tax profit based on PRC accounting standards each year to its general reserves until the accumulative amount of such reserves reaches 50.0% of its registered capital. These reserves are not distributable as cash dividends. The board of directors of a foreign-invested enterprise has the discretion to allocate a portion of its after-tax profits to staff welfare and bonus funds, which may not be distributed to equity owners except in the event of liquidation. Under PRC law, RMB is currently convertible into U.S. Dollars under a company’s “current account,” which includes dividends, trade and service-related foreign exchange transactions, without prior approval of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE), but is not from a company’s “capital account,” which includes foreign direct investments and loans, without the prior approval of the SAFE.

 

Short-term Loans – Other

 

As of December 31, 2015, we had $4.1 million in short-term loans - other, of which $0.5 million are held for sale. These were third party loans which are due on demand.

 

We are able to repay our short-term loans - other upon maturity using available capital resources.

 

For more details about our debt, see Note 10 in our Notes to the consolidated financial statements included in this report.

 

For more details about our related party debt financing, see Note 19 in our Notes to the consolidated financial statements included in this report.

 

Liquidity and Going Concern

 

In view of the near-term challenges for the steel sector, the Company strategically accelerated its business transformation. On November 4, 2015, our Board of Directors (the "Board"), including the audit committee, committed to a plan and authorized the Company's management to pursue the potential sale of all its ownership interest in Maoming Hengda and Longmen Joint Venture in order to unlock the hidden value in Maoming Hengda's land assets, as well as divest from and restructure the steel business. On December 30, 2015, we sold its entire equity interest in General Steel (China) Co., Ltd. together with Longmen Joint Venture to Victory Energy Resource Limited, a HK registered company indirectly-owned by Henry Yu, our Chairman. On March 21, 2016, we sold our entire equity interest in Maoming Hengda to a related party and completed the divestiture of its steel business as planned. Accordingly, Maoming Hengda’s assets and liabilities were presented as held for sale as of December 31, 2015 in our consolidated financial statements.

 

Our remaining business is primarily comprised of Tianjin Shuangsi, a trading company that mainly sources overseas iron ore for steel mills. We acquired 100% equity interest of Tianjin Shuangsi on February 16, 2016.

 

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As of December 31, 2015, the Company’s current liabilities was $78.2 million. However, the Company has consummated the following transactions subsequent to year end which summarized as follows:

 

1)The current liabilities of Maoming Hengda which was disposed on March 21, 2016 is expected to reduce its current liabilities by $28.8 million.

 

2)In August 2016, the Company signed two debt cancellation agreements with two creditors and converted approximately $25.2 million of its debt into the Company’s common stock and Series B preferred stock, of which $19.9 million was assumed by the Company prior to the disposal of Maoming Hengda. The net result is expected to reduce our current liabilities by $5.3 million.

 

3)In August 2016, the Company had signed two offset agreements with Tianwu Tongyuan and two of its debtors to offset its payables of RMB 262.3 million (approximately $40.4 million) to its debtors by offsetting some of the receivables as a result of the sale of Maoming Hengda to a related party.

 

The cash flows, taking these transactions into consideration as well as the expected cash needs to support the operations, is expected to yield the following: 

 

   Cash inflow (outflow)
(in thousands)
 
   For the twenty
months ended
August 29, 2017
 
Current liabilities as of December 31, 2015  $(78,161)
Deconsolidation of current liabilities in Maoming Hengda in March 2016   28,820 
Conversion of debt into common stock and Series B Preferred Stock in August 2016   5,313 
Reduction of other payables - related parties after execution of offset agreements   40,412 

Estimated operating expenses for the twenty months ended August 29, 2017

   (1,200)
Net projected change in cash for the twenty months ended August 29, 2017  $(4,816)

 

The Company’s net projected outflow for the twenty months ended August 29, 2017 is expected to be at approximately $4.8 million. The Company is expected to complete the following plan to remediate our projected cash shortfall for the twenty months ended August 29, 2017:

 

1)The Company is expected to cancel the shares issued to the 84.5% original owners of Catalon in accordance with the terms of the agreement, as a result, we expected that the $2.3 million liabilities due by Catalon as of December 31, 2015 will be rescind as a result of the shares cancellation.

 

2)The Company is expected to raise approximately $2 to $3 million capital through a private placement.

 

The majority of the Company’s operating assets and businesses have been divested at year end and in the first quarter of 2016 as previously disclosed. The Company’s only operating entity is a new trading company on February 16, 2016 which has limited operating history. Management has commenced a strategy to raise capital which will be utilized to fund other strategic acquisitions. However, there can be no certainty that these additional financings will be available on acceptable terms, or at all and that future strategic acquisitions will generate enough cash or generate sufficient cash prior to the Company utilizing its cash on hand. If management is unable to execute this plan, there would likely be a material adverse effect on the Company’s business. As a result, management has substantial doubt about the ability of the company.

 

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Cash-flow

 

Operating Activities

 

Net cash used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 was $16.6 million compared to $137.9 million net cash provided by operating activities, respectively. This change was mainly due to the combination of the following factors:

 

·The impact of some non-cash items included in net loss from continuing operations of $7.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to $1.1 million in the same period in 2014. The non-cash items include the following:

 

-Stock issued for service and compensation;

 

·The primary reasons for the material fluctuations in cash inflow were as follows:

 

  - Other payables and accrued labilities: The increase in other payables and accrued labilities was mainly because we incurred more professional expense that we had not paid for prior to December 31, 2015; and

 

 

·The primary reasons for material fluctuations in cash outflow were as follows:

 

  - Other payable – related parties: The increase was mainly because we made more payments to our related parties for the year ended December 31, 2015;

 

  - Net cash used in operating activities from operations to be disposed/operations disposed: The cash outflow was mainly becausewe incurred significant losses from our Longmen Joint Venture from January 1, 2015 to December 30, 2015.

 

Investing activities

 

Net cash provided by investing activities was $151.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 compared to net cash used in investing activities of $229.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. Fluctuation in cash inflow between the two periods was mainly due to the net cash provided by the investing activities from operations to be disposed and from our disposed entity, Longmen Joint Venture, from January 1, 2015 to December 30, 2015 resulting in the decrease of restricted cash. Restricted cash was used as a pledge for our notes payable as required by the bank. During the period, Longmen Joint Venture needed less note payable to settle with suppliers.

 

Financing activities

 

Net cash used in financing activities was $148.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 compared to $70.6 million provided by financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2014. Compared to the same period in 2014, the increase of cash inflow from financing activities was mainly driven by our disposed entity, Longmen Joint Venture, from January 1, 2015 to December 30, 2015 as mainly due to repayment of short term notes payable and short term bank loans offset by the borrowing from short term unrelated parties loans.

 

Restrictions on our ability to distribute dividends

 

Substantially all of our assets are located within the PRC. Under the laws of the PRC governing foreign invested enterprises, dividend distribution and other funds transfers are allowed but subject to special procedures under relevant rules and regulations. Foreign-invested enterprises in China may pay dividends only out of their accumulated profits, if any, determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. In addition, a foreign-invested enterprise in China is required to set aside at least 10.0% of its after-tax profit based on PRC accounting standards each year to its general reserves until the accumulative amount of such reserves reaches 50.0% of its registered capital. These reserves are not distributable as cash dividends. The board of directors of a foreign-invested enterprise has the discretion to allocate a portion of its after-tax profits to staff welfare and bonus funds, which may not be distributed to equity owners except in the event of liquidation. Under PRC regulations, RMB is currently convertible into U.S. Dollars under a company’s “current account” which includes dividends, trade and service-related foreign exchange transactions, without prior approval of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE). Transfers from a company’s “capital account,” which includes foreign direct investments and loans, can’t be executed without the prior approval of the SAFE.

 

There are no restrictions to distribute or transfer other funds from General Steel Investment to us.

 

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends to our shareholders. We do not plan to pay any dividends out of our retained earnings for the year ended December 31, 2014. With respect to retained earnings accrued after such date, our Board of Directors may declare dividends after taking into account our operations, earnings, financial condition, cash requirements and availability and other factors as it may deem relevant at such time. Any declaration and payment, as well as the amount, of dividends will be subject to our By-Laws, charter and applicable Chinese and U.S. state and federal laws and regulations, including the approval from the shareholders of each subsidiary which intends to declare such dividends, if applicable.

 

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We have previously raised money in the U.S. capital markets which has provided the capital needed for our operations and investments activities. Thus, the foreign currency restrictions and regulations in the PRC on the dividends distribution will not have a material impact on our liquidity, financial condition, and results of operation.

 

Impact of Inflation

 

We are subject to commodity price risks arising from price fluctuations in the market prices of the raw materials. We have generally been able to pass on cost increases through price adjustments. However, the ability to pass on these increases depends on market conditions influenced by the overall economic conditions in China. We manage our price risks through productivity improvements and cost-containment measures. We do not believe that inflation risk is material to our business or our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

 

There were no off-balance sheet arrangements for the 2015 fiscal year that have or that in the opinion of management are likely to have, a current or future material effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

 

Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments

 

We have certain fixed contractual obligations and commitments that include future estimated payments. Changes in our business needs, cancellation provisions, changing interest rates, and other factors may result in actual payments differing from the estimates. We cannot provide certainty regarding the timing and amounts of payments. Throughout our operating history, we have funded our contractual obligations and commercial commitments through financing arrangements and operating cash flow, including, but not limited to, the operating income, payments collected from the customers in advance and stock issuances. Below, we have presented a summary of the most significant contractual obligations and commercial commitments in the tables, in order to assist in the review of this information within the context of our consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

 

The following tables summarize our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2015 and the effect these obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flows in future periods.

 

   Principal due by period     
       Less than             
Contractual obligations  Total   1 year   1-3 years   3- 5 years   5 years after 
   (in thousands)     
Short-term loan – other  $4,061   $4,061   $-   $-   $- 
Other payables - related parties   64,563    64,563    -    -    - 
Total  $68,624   $68,624   $-   $-   $- 

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Management’s discussion and analysis of its financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Our consolidated financial statements reflect the selection and application of accounting policies which require management to make significant estimates and judgments. See Note 2 to our Consolidated Financial Statements “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies”. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

We believe that the following reflect the more critical accounting policies that currently affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Principles of consolidation – subsidiaries

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of our Company, our subsidiaries, our variable interest entity (“VIE”) for which our Company is the ultimate primary beneficiary, and the VIE’s subsidiaries.

 

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The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis to reflect the financial position and results of operations of the Company in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”).

 

Subsidiaries are those entities in which our Company, directly or indirectly, controls more than one half of the voting power; or has the power to govern the financial and operating policies, to appoint or remove the majority of the members of the board of directors, or to cast a majority of votes at the meeting of directors.

 

A VIE is an entity in which our Company, or our subsidiary, through contractual arrangements, bears the risks of, and enjoys the rewards normally associated with, ownership of the entity, and therefore our Company or our subsidiary is the primary beneficiary of the entity.

 

All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.

 

Consolidation of VIE

 

Prior to entering into the Unified Management Agreement on April 29, 2011, Longmen Joint Venture had been consolidated as our 60% directly owned subsidiary. Upon entering into the Unified Management Agreement, Longmen Joint Venture was evaluated by our Company to determine if Longmen Joint Venture is a VIE and if we are the primary beneficiary.

 

Based on the projected profit in this entity and future operating plans, Longmen Joint Venture ’s equity at risk is considered insufficient to finance its activities and therefore Longmen Joint Venture is considered to be a VIE.

 

We would be considered the primary beneficiary of the VIE if we have both of the following characteristics:

 

  a. The power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance; and

 

  b. The obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE.

 

A Supervisory Committee was formed during the negotiation of the Unified Management Agreement. Given there is both a Supervisory Committee and a board of directors with respect to Longmen Joint Venture, the powers rights and roles of both bodies were considered to determine which has the power to direct the activities of Longmen Joint Venture, and by extension, whether we continue to have the power to direct Longmen Joint Venture’s activities after this Supervisory Committee was formed. The Supervisory Committee, which we hold 2 out of 4 seats, requires a ¾ majority vote, while the board of directors, which we hold 4 out of 7 seats, requires a simple majority vote. As the Supervisory Committee’s role is limited to supervising and monitoring management of Longmen Joint Venture and in the event there is any disagreement between the board of directors and the Supervisory Committee, the board of directors prevails. In other words, the Supervisory Committee is considered to be subordinate to the board of directors. Thus, the board of directors of Longmen Joint Venture continues to be the controlling decision-making body with respect to Longmen Joint Venture. We control 60% of the voting rights of the board of directors, have control over the operations of Longmen Joint Venture and as such, have the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact Longmen Joint Venture’s economic performance.

 

In connection with the Unified Management Agreement, Shaanxi Coal, we and Shaanxi Steel may provide such support on a discretionary basis in the future, which could expose us to a loss.

 

As discussed in Note 2(c) to the consolidated financial statements – Consolidation of VIE, we have the obligation to absorb losses and the rights to receive benefits based on the profit allocation as stipulated by the Unified Management Agreement. As both conditions are met, we are the primary beneficiary of Longmen Joint Venture and therefore, continue to consolidate Longmen Joint Venture.

 

We believe that the Unified Management Agreement between Longmen Joint Venture and Shaanxi Coal is in compliance with PRC law and is legally enforceable. The board of directors of Longmen Joint Venture continues to be the controlling decision-making body with respect to Longmen Joint Venture. We control 60% of the voting rights of the board of directors and have control over the operations of Longmen Joint Venture. As such, we have the power to direct the activities of the VIE. However, uncertainties in the PRC legal system could limit our ability to enforce the Unified Management Agreement, which in turn, may lead to reconsideration of the VIE assessment.

 

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Longmen Joint Venture has two 100% owned subsidiaries, Yuxin Trading Co., Ltd. (“Yuxin”) and Yuteng Trading Co., Ltd. (“Yuteng”). Longmen Joint Venture has two consolidated subsidiaries, Hualong and Huatianyulong, in which it does not hold a controlling interest. Hualong and Huatianyulong are separate legal entities which were established in the PRC as limited liability companies and subsequently invested in by Longmen Joint Venture in June 2007 and July 2008, respectively. However, these two entities do not meet the definition of variable interest entities. Further consideration was given to whether consolidation was appropriate under the voting interest model, specifically where the power of control may exist with a lesser percentage of ownership (i.e. less than 50%), for example, by contract, lease, agreement with other stockholders or by court decree.

 

Hualong

 

Longmen Joint Venture, the single largest shareholder, holds a 36.0% equity interest in Hualong. The other two shareholders, who own 34.67% and 29.33% respectively, assigned their voting rights to Longmen Joint Venture in writing at the time of the acquisition of Hualong. The voting rights have been assigned through the date Hualong ceases its business operation or the other two shareholders sell their interest in Hualong. Hualong’s main business is to supply refractory. The assets, liabilities and the operating results of Hualong are immaterial to our consolidated financial statements as for and during the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

Huatianyulong

 

Longmen Joint Venture holds a 50.0% equity interest in Huatianyulong and the other unrelated shareholder holds the remaining 50.0%. The other shareholder assigned its voting rights to Longmen Joint Venture in writing at the time of acquisition of Huatianyulong. The voting rights have been assigned through the date Huatianyulong ceases its business operation or the other unrelated shareholder sells its interest in Huatianyulong. Huatianyulong mainly sells imported iron ore. The assets, liabilities and the operating results of Huatianyulong are immaterial to our consolidated financial statements as for and during the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

We have determined that it is appropriate for Longmen Joint Venture to consolidate Hualong and Huatianyulong with appropriate recognition in our financial statements of the non-controlling interests in each entity, beginning on the acquisition dates as these were also the effective dates of the agreements with other stockholders granting a majority voting rights in each entity, and thereby, the power of control, to Longmen Joint Venture.

 

Revenue recognition

 

We follow U.S. GAAP regarding revenue recognition. Sales revenue is recognized at the date of shipment to customers when a formal arrangement exists, the price is fixed or determinable, the delivery is completed, we have no other significant obligations and collectability is reasonably assured. Payments received before all of the relevant criteria for revenue recognition are recorded as customer deposits. Sales revenue represents the invoiced value of goods, net of value-added tax (VAT). All our products sold in the PRC are subject to a Chinese VAT at a rate of 13% to 17% of the gross sales price. This VAT may be offset by VAT paid by us on raw materials and other materials included in the cost of producing the finished product.

 

We infrequently engage in trading transactions in which we acts as an agent between the suppliers and the customers. The trading arrangements are such that the suppliers are the primary obligators, we do not have any general inventory risk, physical inventory loss risk or credit risk, and we do not have latitude in establishing price. Sales and cost of goods sold from these trading arrangements are recorded at the net amount retained in accordance with ASC 605-45.

 

Operations held for sale

 

In accordance with ASU No. 2014-08, Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity, a disposal of a component of an entity or a group of components of an entity is required to be reported as discontinued operations if the disposal represents a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results when the components of an entity meets the criteria in paragraph 205-20-45-1E to be classified as held for sale. When all of the criteria to be classified as held for sale are met, including management, having the authority to approve the action, commits to a plan to sell the entity, the major current assets, other assets, current liabilities, and noncurrent liabilities shall be reported as components of total assets and liabilities separate from those balances of the continuing operations. At the same time, the results of all discontinued operations (which we presented as operations to be disposed and operations disposed), less applicable income taxes (benefit), shall be reported as components of net income (loss) separate from the net income (loss) of continuing operations in accordance with ASC 205-20-45.

 

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Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Significant accounting estimates reflected in our financial statements include the useful lives of and impairment for property, plant and equipment, potential losses on uncollectible receivables, the recognition of contingent liabilities, the interest rate used in financing sales, the fair value of the assets recorded under capital lease, the present value of the net minimum lease payments of the capital lease and the fair value of the profit share liability. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

One of our most significant estimates is the determination of fair value of the profit sharing liability. Since the liability is calculated and largely based on management’s expectations of product demand, pricing, raw materials cost and projected manufacturing efficiencies, it is susceptible to material changes when actual results deviate from those expectations. While we believe our current assumptions are reasonable and achievable, there is no assurance that those future expectations will be met or that significant adjustments won’t be required in the future.

 

Financial instruments

 

The accounting standard regarding “Disclosures about fair value of financial instruments” defines financial instruments and requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments held by us. We consider the carrying amount of cash, accounts receivable, other receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities to approximate their fair values because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization. For short-term loans and notes payable, we concluded the carrying values are a reasonable estimate of fair value because of the short period of time between the origination and repayment and their stated interest rate approximates current rates available.

 

We also analyze all financial instruments with features of both liabilities and equity under the accounting standard establishing, “accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of both liabilities and equity,” the accounting standard regarding “accounting for derivative instruments and hedging activities” and “accounting for derivative financial instruments indexed to, and potentially settled in, a company’s own stock.” Additionally, we analyze registration rights agreements associated with any equity instruments issued to determine if penalties triggered for late filing should be accrued under accounting standard establishing “accounting for registration payment arrangements.”

 

Fair value measurements

 

The accounting standards regarding fair value of financial instruments and related fair value measurement define fair value, establish a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosures of fair value measurement and enhance disclosures requirements for fair value measures. The three levels are defined as follow:

 

  Level 1: inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

 

  Level 2: inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and inputs that are observable for the assets or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instruments.

 

  Level 3: inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value.

 

Income Taxes

 

We did not conduct any business and did not maintain any branch office in the United States during the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014. Therefore, no provision for withholding of U.S. federal or state income taxes has been made. The tax impact from undistributed earnings from overseas subsidiaries is not recognized as there is no intention for future repatriation of these earnings.

 

General Steel (China), our disposed entity, is located in Tianjin Costal Economic Development Zone and is subject to an income tax rate of 25%.

 

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Longmen Joint Venture, our disposed entity, is located in the Mid-West Region of China. It qualifies for the “Go-West” tax rate of 15% promulgated by the government. In 2010, the central government announced that the “Go-West” tax initiative was extended for 10 years, and thus, the preferential tax rate of 15% will be in effect until 2020. This special tax treatment will be evaluated on a year-to-year basis by the local tax bureau.

 

Maoming Hengda is located in Guangdong Province and is subject to an income tax rate of 25%.

 

Operations held for sale

 

In accordance with ASU No. 2014-08, Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity, a disposal of a component of an entity or a group of components of an entity is required to be reported as discontinued operations if the disposal represents a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results when the components of an entity meets the criteria in paragraph 205-20-45-1E to be classified as held for sale. When all of the criteria to be classified as held for sale are met, including management, having the authority to approve the action, commits to a plan to sell the entity, the major current assets, other assets, current liabilities, and noncurrent liabilities shall be reported as components of total assets and liabilities separate from those balances of the continuing operations. At the same time, the results of all discontinued operations (which we presented as operations to be disposed), less applicable income taxes (benefit), shall be reported as a component of net income (loss) separate from the net income (loss) of continuing operations in accordance with ASC 205-20-45.

 

Recently issued accounting pronouncements

 

In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-02, Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis. Under both current GAAP requirements and the amendments in this update, a decision maker is determined to be the primary beneficiary of a VIE if it satisfies both the power and the economics criteria. The primary beneficiary consolidates a VIE because it has a controlling financial interest. Under the requirements in current GAAP, if a fee arrangement paid to a decision maker, such as an asset management fee, is determined to be a variable interest in a VIE, the decision maker must include the fee arrangement in its primary beneficiary determination and could consolidate the VIE on the basis of power (decision-making authority) and economics (the fee arrangement). However, the amendments in this Update specify that some fees paid to a decision maker are excluded from the evaluation of the economics criterion if the fees are both customary and commensurate with the level of effort required for the services provided. Those amendments make it less likely for a decision maker to meet the economics criterion solely on the basis of a fee arrangement. The amendments in this update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. Management is evaluating the impact that will arise from these Amendments.

 

In April 2015, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on accounting for Interest-Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30); Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs (“ASU 2015-03”). This update requires that debt issuance cost related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the debt liability, consistent with debt discounts, without changing existing recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs. The new guidance is required to be applied on a retrospective basis and to be accounted for as a change in an accounting principle. The amendments in this update are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015 and interim periods within those fiscal years and early adoption of the amendments in this update is permitted. We have applied early adoption of this standard in the second quarter of 2015. The implementation of this standard resulted in the reclassification of certain debt issuance costs from deferred financing cost to a reduction in the carrying amount of the related debt liability within our consolidated balance sheets.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11, an amendment to Topic 330 for simplifying the measurement of inventory. The update requires that inventory be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value where net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. Subsequent measurement is unchanged for inventory measured using LIFO or the retail inventory method. The amendment is intended to provide clarification on the measurement and disclosure of inventory in Topic 330 and not intended for those clarifications to result in any changes in practice. The ASU is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Early application is permitted for all entities and should be applied prospectively. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2015-11 to have material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

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In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, to defer the effective date of ASC 2014-09 for all entities by one year. Public business entities, certain not-for-profit entities, and certain employee benefit plans should apply the guidance in ASC 2014-09 to annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. Earlier application is permitted only as of annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. We are evaluating the effect, if any, on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 Amendments to the ASC 842 Leases. This update requires lessee to recognize the assets and liability (the lease liability) arising from operating leases on the balance sheet for the lease term. When measuring assets and liabilities arising from a lease, a lessee (and a lessor) should include payments to be made in optional periods only if the lessee is reasonably certain to exercise an option to extend the lease or not to exercise an option to terminate the lease. Within a twelve months or less lease term, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election not to recognize lease assets and liabilities. If a lessee makes this election, it should recognize lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term. In transition, this update will be effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We are evaluating the effect, if any, on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-07 Investments-Equity and Joint Ventures (Topic 323): Simplifying the Transition to the Equity Method of Accounting. The objective is to simplify investor’s accounting for equity method investments as a result of an increase in ownership level or degree of influence over the investee from prior period and requires prospective application of equity method accounting from the date when an equity investment qualifies for equity method of accounting. The amendments in this Update are effective for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016. The amendments should be applied prospectively upon their effective date to increases in the level of ownership interest or degree of influence that result in the adoption of the equity method. Earlier application is permitted. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2016-07 to have material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2016, 2016-08—Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net). The object is to reduce the potential for diversity in practice arising from inconsistent application of the principal verse agent guidance and to reduce the cost and complexity of applying Topic 606 both at transition and on an ongoing basis. The amendments in this Update affect the guidance in Accounting Standards Update 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which is not yet effective. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments in this Update are the same as the effective date and transition requirements of Update 2014-09. Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, defers the effective date of Update 2014-09 by one year. We are evaluating the effect, if any, on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. The objective is to identity, evaluate, and improve areas of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for which cost and complexity can be reduced while maintain or improving the usefulness of the information provided to users of financial statements. The areas for simplification include the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. Some of the areas apply only to nonpublic entities. For public business entities, the ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. For all other entities, the ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted for any entity in any interim or annual period. If an entity early adopts the amendments in an interim period, any adjustments should be reflected as of the beginning of the fiscal year that includes that interim period. An entity that elects early adoption must adopt all of the amendments in the same period. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2016-09 to have material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing. The objective is to clarify the two aspects of Topic 606: identifying performance obligations and the licensing implementation guidance, while retaining the related principles for these areas. The ASU affects the guidance in ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which is not yet effective. The effective date and transition requirements for this ASU are the same as the effective date and transition requirements in Topic 606 (and any other Topic amended by ASU 2014-09). ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, defers the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year. We are evaluating the effect, if any, on our consolidated financial statements.

 

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In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients. The object is to address certain issues identified by the FASB-IASB Joint Transition Resource Group for Revenue Recognition. The amendments in this Update affect the guidance in Accounting Standards Update 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which is not yet effective. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments in this Update are the same as the effective date and transition requirements for Topic 606 (and any other Topic amended by Update 2014-09). Accounting Standards Update 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, defers the effective date of Update 2014-09 by one year. We are evaluating the effect, if any, on our consolidated financial statements

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

 

Not Applicable.

 

 35 

 

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Index to consolidated financial statements

  

 

Page

Number 

   
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm – Friedman LLP 37
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2015 and 2014 38
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 39
   
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Deficiency for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 40
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 41
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements 42

 

 36 

 

 

  

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders

General Steel Holdings, Inc.

 

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of General Steel Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, and the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, change in deficiency and cash flows for the years then ended. General Steel Holdings, Inc.’s management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of General Steel Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, and the consolidated results of their operations and their cash flows for the years then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As more fully discussed in Note 2(d) to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has an accumulated deficit, has incurred continued losses from operations, and has a working capital deficiency at December 31, 2015. In addition, the majority of the Company’s operating assets and business has been divested at year-end or in the first quarter of 2016 to related parties as disclosed in Note 1 and Note 2(d) and Note 2(v). These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans regarding this matter are also described in Note 2(d). The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty. If the Company is unable to successfully obtain the alternative forms of financing specified in Note 2(d) and/or achieve operating profitability, there could be a material adverse effect on the Company.

 

/s/ Friedman LLP

 

New York, NY

August 30, 2016

 

  

 37 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands)

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
ASSETS          
           
CURRENT ASSETS:          
Cash  $4   $68 
Other receivables   163    136 
Other receivables - related parties   -    1,245 
Prepaid expense and other   481    29 
Current assets held for sale   1,609    968,931 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS   2,257    970,409 
           
OTHER ASSETS:          
Investment in unconsolidated entities   14,886    - 
Other assets held for sale   18,618    1,594,815 
TOTAL OTHER ASSETS   33,504    1,594,815 
           
TOTAL ASSETS  $35,761   $2,565,224 
           
LIABILITIES AND DEFICIENCY          
           
CURRENT LIABILITIES:          
Short-term loan - other  $3,600   $- 
Other payables and accrued liabilities   636    26 
Other payables - related parties   42,756    25 
Taxes payable   14    2 
Current liabilities held for sale   31,155    2,251,360 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES   78,161    2,251,413 
           
NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES HELD FOR SALE   -    875,936 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES   78,161    3,127,349 
           
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES          
           
DEFICIENCY:          
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 3,092,899 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2015 and 2014   3    3 
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 40,000,000 shares authorized, 17,802,357 shares and 12,891,718 shares issued, and 17,307,895 shares and 12,397,256 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively (given retroactive effect to the 1-for-5 reverse stock split effective on October 29, 2015)   18    13 
Treasury stock, at cost, 494,462 shares as of December 31, 2015 and 2014 (given retroactive effect to the 1-for-5 reverse stock split effective on October 29, 2015)   (840)   (840)
Paid-in-capital   1,208,667    112,186 
Statutory reserves   1,107    6,472 
Accumulated Deficit   (1,252,810)   (463,521)
Accumulated other comprehensive income   2,009    644 
TOTAL GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. DEFICIENCY   (41,846)   (345,043)
           
NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS   (554)   (217,082)
           
TOTAL DEFICIENCY   (42,400)   (562,125)
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND DEFICIENCY  $35,761   $2,565,224 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 38 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2014

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

   2015   2014 
         
GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES  $(10,811)  $(8,188)
           
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS   (10,811)   (8,188)
           
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)          
Interest income   -    315 
Finance/interest expense   (3)   (99)
Other (expense) income, net   (3)   216 
           
LOSS BEFORE PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES AND NONCONTROLLING INTEREST   (10,814)   (7,972)
           
PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES   -    - 
           
NET LOSS FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS   (10,814)   (7,972)
           
DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS - Note 2(v):          
NET LOSS FROM OPERATIONS TO BE DISPOSED, net of applicable income taxes   (13,680)   (1,658)
NET LOSS FROM OPERATIONS DISPOSED, net of applicable income taxes   (1,279,820)   (68,646)
           
NET LOSS   (1,304,314)   (78,276)
           
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest from continuing operations   -    - 
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest from operations to be disposed   (1,933)   (53)
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest from operations disposed   (513,092)   (29,500)
           
NET LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC.  $(789,289)  $(48,723)
           
NET LOSS  $(1,304,314)  $(78,276)
           
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME          
Foreign currency translation adjustments   93,824    590 
           
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS   (1,210,490)   (77,686)
           
Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest   (483,442)   (28,652)
           
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC.  $(727,048)  $(49,034)
           
WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF SHARES          
Basic and Diluted (given retroactive effect to the 1-for-5 reverse stock split effective on October 29, 2015)   13,749    11,169 
           
LOSS PER SHARE - BASIC AND DILUTED          
Continuing operations  $(0.79)  $(0.71)
Operations to be disposed  $(0.85)  $(0.14)
Operations disposed  $(55.77)  $(3.50)
           
Net loss  $(57.41)  $(4.35)
           

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 39 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN DEFICIENCY

(In thousands)

 

   Preferred stock   Common stock (1)   Treasury stock (1)       Retained earnings / Accumulated Deficit   Accumulated other         
                           Paid-in   Statutory       comprehensive   Noncontrolling     
   Shares   Par value   Shares   Par value   Shares   At cost   capital   reserves   Unrestricted   income   interest   Total 
BALANCE, December 31, 2013   3,093   $3    11,647   $12    (494)  $(840)  $103,565   $6,243   $(414,798)  $729   $(188,911)  $(493,997)
                                                             
Net income attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.                                           (48,723)             (48,723)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest                                                     (29,553)   (29,553)
Addition to special reserve                                      605              451    1,056 
Usage of special reserve                                      (376)             (384)   (760)
Common stock transferred by CEO for compensation                                 276                        276 
Common stock issued for services             245                   846                        846 
Common stock issued to CEO             1,000    1              7,499                        7,500 
Deconsolidation of a subsidiary                                                226    414    640 
Foreign currency translation adjustments                                                (311)   901    590 
                                                             
BALANCE, December 31, 2014   3,093   $3    12,892   $13    (494)  $(840)  $112,186   $6,472   $(463,521)  $644   $(217,082)  $(562,125)
                                                             
Net loss attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.                                           (789,289)             (789,289)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest                                                     (515,025)   (515,025)
Addition to special reserve                                      427              416    843 
Usage of special reserve                                      (252)             (283)   (535)
Common stock transferred by CEO for compensation                                 2,211                        2,211 
Common stock issued for services             1,300    1              4,088                        4,089 
Common stock issued to senior management             1,010    1              2,100                        2,101 
Contribution commitment from noncontrolling interest                                                     489    489 
Contribution receivable from noncontrolling interest                                                     (489)   (489)
Acquisition of Catalon             2,600    3              8,317                   1,526    9,846 
Sale of Steel Operations to entity under common control                                 1,079,765    (5,540)        (60,876)   698,311    1,711,660 
Foreign currency translation adjustments                                                62,241    31,583    93,824 
                                                             
BALANCE, December 31, 2015   3,093   $3    17,802   $18    (494)  $(840)  $1,208,667   $1,107   $(1,252,810)  $2,009   $(554)  $(42,400)

 

(1) Given retroactive effect to the 1-for-5 reverse stock split effective on October 29, 2015

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 40 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2014

(In thousands)

 

   2015   2014 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:          
Net loss  $(1,304,314)  $(78,276)
Net loss from operations to be disposed   (13,680)   (1,658)
Net loss from operations disposed   (1,279,820)   (68,646)
Net loss from continuing operations   (10,814)   (7,972)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash provided by (used in) operating activities from continuing operations:          
Share-based compensation   7,918    1,122 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities          
Other receivables   (27)   (35)
Other receivables - related parties   -    (793)
Prepaid expense and other   29    272 
Other payables and accrued liabilities   610    (204)
Other payables - related parties   (6,463)   (1,370)
Taxes payable   13    1 
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities from operations to be disposed/ operations disposed   (7,847)   146,863 
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities   (16,581)   137,884 
           
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:          
Loans receivable - related party   -    4,540 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities from operations to be disposed / operations disposed   151,249    (233,546)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   151,249    (229,006)
           
CASH FLOWS FINANCING ACTIVITIES:          
Proceeds from common stock issued to CEO   -    7,500 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities from operations to be disposed / operations disposed   (148,737)   63,132 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities   (148,737)   70,632 
           
EFFECTS OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGE IN CASH   2,470    164 
           
DECREASE IN CASH   (11,599)   (20,326)
           
CASH, beginning of year   11,641    31,967 
           
CASH, end of year   42    11,641 
           
Less: cash from operations to be disposed, end of year   (38)   (11,573)
           
CASH FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS, end of year  $4   $68 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 41 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 1 – Organization and Operations

 

General Steel Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated on August 5, 2002 in the state of Nevada. The Company through its 100% owned subsidiary, General Steel Investment, has been operating steel companies serving various industries in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”). The Company’s main operation through December 30, 2015 had been the manufacturing and sales of steel products such as steel rebar, hot-rolled carbon and silicon sheets and spiral-weld pipes. The Company, together with its subsidiaries, majority owned subsidiaries and variable interest entity, is referred to as the “Group”.

 

In view of the near-term challenges for the steel manufacturing sector, the Company strategically accelerated its business transformation. The Company’s transformation strategy is to pursue opportunities that offer compelling benefits to the Company’s organization and shareholders, including:

 

•             First, strengthen the Company’s financials while providing the financial flexibility to pursue higher return, higher growth opportunities;

•             Second, reduce the complexity of the Company’s business structure, which is consistent with the Company’s objectives for internal simplification and operating efficiency;

•             Third, diversify operating risk in order to lower the Company’s high reliance on steel business, while at the same time leverage on the Company’s vast vertical resources in the steel industry; and

•             Fourth, pursue opportunities for additional value creation.

  

On November 4, 2015, the Company's Board of Directors (the "Board"), including the audit committee, committed to a plan and authorized the Company's management to pursue the potential sale of all its ownership interest in Maoming Hengda Steel Company, Ltd. ("Maoming Hengda") and Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. (“Longmen Joint Venture”) in order to unlock the value in Maoming Hengda's land assets, as well as divest from and restructure the steel business. On December 30, 2015, the Company sold its equity interest in General Steel (China) Co., Ltd (“General Steel (China)”) and Longmen Joint Venture to a related party (See Notes 2(a) and 2(v)). On March 21, 2016, the Company sold its interest in Maoming Hengda thereby fully completing the divestiture of its steel manufacturing business as planned. As a result, General Steel (China) Co., Ltd. which included Longmen Joint Venture and subsidiaries’ financial information was presented as operation disposed and Maoming Hengda’s financial information was presented as operations to be disposed and assets and liabilities held for sale for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 in the consolidated financial statements. Certain prior period data has been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation and to reflect the results of operations expected to be disposed. See Notes 2(a) and 2(v) for details.

 

Longmen Joint Venture: On April 29, 2011, a 20-year Unified Management Agreement (“the Agreement”) was entered into between the Company, the Company’s former 60%-owned subsidiary Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. (“Longmen Joint Venture”), Shaanxi Coal and Chemical Industry Group Co., Ltd. (“Shaanxi Coal”) and Shaanxi Iron and Steel Group (“Shaanxi Steel”). Shaanxi Steel is the controlling shareholder of Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd (“Long Steel Group”) which is the non-controlling interest holder in Longmen Joint Venture, and Shaanxi Coal, a state owned entity, is the parent company of Shaanxi Steel. Under the terms of the Agreement, all manufacturing machinery and equipment of Longmen Joint Venture and the $605.8 million (or approximately RMB 3.7 billion) of the constructed iron and steel making facilities owned by Shaanxi Steel, which includes one 400 m 2 sintering machine, two 1,280 m 3 blast furnaces, two 120 ton converters and some auxiliary systems, are managed collectively as a single virtual asset pool (“Asset Pool”). Longmen Joint Venture manages the Asset Pool as the principal operating entity and is responsible for the daily operations of the new and existing facilities. At the designed efficiency level, the facilities could contribute three million tons of crude steel production capacity per year.

 

Longmen Joint Venture had agreed to pay Shaanxi Steel for the use of the constructed iron and steel making facilities an amount equaling the depreciation expense on the equipment constructed by Shaanxi Steel as well as 40% of the pre-tax profit, if any, generated by the Asset Pool. The remaining 60% of the pre-tax profit was allocated to Longmen Joint Venture. As a result, the Company’s economic interest in the profit or loss generated by Longmen Joint Venture is 36%. The distribution of profit is subject to a prospective adjustment after the first two years based on each entity’s actual investment of time and resources into the Asset Pool. There has been no adjustment to the Agreement from its inception through the sale and disposition .

 

The parties to the Agreement established the Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Unified Management Supervisory Committee ("Supervisory Committee") to ensure that the facilities and related resources are operated and managed according to the stipulations set forth in the Agreement. The Board of Directors of Longmen Joint Venture, of which the Company held 4 out of 7 seats, required a simple majority vote and remains the controlling decision-making body of Longmen Joint Venture and the Asset Pool. See Note 2(c) “Consolidation of VIE.” The Agreement does not preclude the Company from selling its 60% ownership interest of Longmen Joint Venture.

 

 42 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The Agreement constitutes an arrangement that involves a lease which meets certain of the criteria of a capital lease and therefore the assets constructed by Shaanxi Steel are accounted for by Longmen Joint Venture as a capital lease. The profit sharing liability portion of the lease obligation, representing 40% of the cumulative pre-tax profit generated by the Asset Pool, is accounted for by Longmen Joint Venture as a derivative financial instrument at fair value. See Notes 2(h) “Financial instruments”, Note 2(v) “Operations held for sale and operations disposed/to be disposed”, Note 15 “Capital lease obligations” and Note 16 “Profit sharing liability”.

 

Other Business Operations:

 

The Company formed a joint venture, Tianjin General Shengyuan IoT Technology Co., Ltd. (“General Shengyuan IoT”), in February of 2015 with an RFID Expert team to develop and commercialize RFID technologies and data solutions. General Shengyuan IoT was still in the development stage and no revenues and significant operating expenses were incurred during the year ended December 31, 2015 and through the Filing date.

 

The Company also established a subsidiary wholly owned by General Steel Investment Co., Ltd., Tongyong Shengyuan (Tianjin) Technology Development Co., Ltd. (“Tongyong Shengyuan”) in June 2015. Tongyong Shengyuan is still in the development stage and has no revenues or significant operating expenses during the year ended December 31, 2015 and through the Filing date.

 

In October 2015, the Company completed its acquisition of an 84.5% equity interest in Catalon Chemical Corp. (“Catalon”), a Delaware corporation headquartered in Virginia that develops and manufactures De-NOx honeycomb catalysts and industrial ceramics.  Prior to December 31, 2015, the Company became aware of some of the operations issues related to Catalon. It was determined that such issues might have affected the prior operations of Catalon as well as the ability to conduct business in the future. As such, the Company is expected to cancel the shares issued to the 84.5% original owners of Catalon in accordance with the terms of the agreement. Because the Company has decided to dispose of Catalon in the near future, it is presenting Catalon’s remaining assets, after impairment charges, and liabilities as held for sale as of December 31, 2015 in the consolidated financial statements. See Note 21 – Catalon Acquisition.

 

The Company’s remaining business is primarily comprised of Tianjin Shuangsi Trading Co. Ltd. (“Tianjin Shuangsi”), a trading company in which the Company received 100% equity interest on February 16, 2016 at no cost as Tianjin Shuangsi was established by the chief executive office of the Company’s related entity and his relative. Tianjin Shuangsi primarily trades iron ore, nickel-iron-manganese alloys, and other steel-related products, which the Company would continue on its trading business after the disposition of General Steel (China).

 

Note 2 – Summary of significant accounting policies

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for information pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The financial statements include the accounts of all directly, indirectly owned subsidiaries and the variable interest entity listed below. All material intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

  (a) Basis of presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements of the Company reflect the activities of the following major directly owned subsidiaries: 

 

Subsidiary  Percentage
of Ownership
 
General Steel Investment Co., Ltd.  British Virgin Islands   100.0%
General Steel (China) Co., Ltd. (“General Steel (China)”)*  PRC   100.0%
Tianjin General Shengyuan IoT Technology Co., Ltd. (“General Shengyuan”)*  PRC   70.0%
Yangpu Shengtong Investment Co., Ltd. (“Yangpu Shengtong”)*  PRC   99.1%
Tianjin Qiu Steel Investment Co., Ltd. (“Qiu Steel”)*  PRC   98.7%
Longmen Joint Venture*  PRC   VIE/60.0%
Maoming Hengda Steel Company, Ltd. (“Maoming Hengda”) **  PRC   99.0%
Tongyong Shengyuan (Tianjin) Technology Development Co., Ltd. (“Tongyong Shengyuan”)***  PRC   100.0%
Catalon Chemical Corp. (“Catalon”)**  U.S.   84.5%

  

 43 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

*On December 30, 2015, the Company entered into an agreement to sell its wholly-owned General Steel (China) and its entire equity interest in all of its subsidiaries for $1 million to Victory Energy Resource Limited, a HK registered company indirectly-owned by Henry Yu, the Company's Chairman. As a result of this transaction, the Company met the criteria under ASC 810-10-40-4 to deconsolidate General Steel (China), General Shengyuan, Yangpu Shengtong, Qiu Steel, and Longmen Joint Venture and subsidiaries at disposal date. The disposed entities’ net loss through the disposal date were consolidated and presented as operations disposed for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 in the consolidated financial statements. Certain prior period data has been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation and to reflect the results of operations disposed. See Note 2(v) “Summary of significant accounting policies – operations held for sale and operations disposed/to be disposed” for details.

 

**See Note 1 “Organization and Operations” and Note 2(v) “Summary of significant accounting policies – operations held for sale and operations disposed/to be disposed” for details.

 

***Tongyong Shengyuan is a holding company of Tianjin Shuangsi that the Company received 100% equity interest on February 16, 2016.

 

Baotou Steel

 

Prior to December 31, 2014, the Company held an 80.0% equity interest in Baotou Steel – General Steel Special Steel Pipe Joint Venture Co., Ltd. (“Baotou Steel”) through General Steel (China). On December 31, 2014, the Company sold its 80.0% equity interest in Baotou Steel to Tianjin Shuangjie Liansheng Rolled Steel Co., Ltd., an unrelated party for $0.7 million (RMB 4.0 million). As a result of this transaction, the Company met the criteria under ASC 810-10-40-4 to deconsolidate Baotou Steel at disposal date and recognized a gain in accordance with ASC 810-10-40-5. See Note 17 – Other income (expense) under the section “Gain on deconsolidation of a subsidiary” for details.

 

  (b) Principles of consolidation – subsidiaries

  

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of the Company, its subsidiaries, its variable interest entity (“VIE”) for which the Company is the ultimate primary beneficiary, and the VIE’s subsidiaries.

 

Subsidiaries are those entities in which the Company, directly or indirectly, controls more than one half of the voting power; or has the power to govern the financial and operating policies, to appoint or remove the majority of the members of the board of directors, or to cast a majority of votes at the meeting of directors.  

 

A VIE is an entity in which the Company, or its subsidiary, through contractual arrangements, bears the risks of, and enjoys the rewards normally associated with ownership of the entity, and therefore the Company or its subsidiary is the primary beneficiary of the entity. 

 

All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.

 

  (c) Consolidation of VIE

 

Upon entering into the Unified Management Agreement on April 29, 2011, Longmen Joint Venture was re-evaluated by the Company to determine if Longmen Joint Venture is a VIE and if the Company is the primary beneficiary.

 

Longmen Joint Venture’s equity at risk was and continues to be insufficient to finance its activities and therefore Longmen Joint Venture was considered to be a VIE.

 

The Company would be considered the primary beneficiary of the VIE if it has both of the following characteristics:

 

  a. The power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance; and
  b. The obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE.

 

 44 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

A Supervisory Committee was formed during the negotiation of the Unified Management Agreement. Given there is both a Supervisory Committee and a Board of Directors with respect to Longmen Joint Venture , the powers (rights and roles) of both bodies were considered to determine which party has the power to direct the activities of Longmen Joint Venture, and by extension, whether the Company continued to have the power to direct Longmen Joint Venture’s activities after this Supervisory Committee was formed and the significant investment in plant and equipment by owners of the Longmen Joint Venture partner. The Supervisory Committee, in which the Company held 2 out of 4 seats, required a ¾ majority vote, while the Board of Directors, on which the Company held 4 out of 7 seats, required a simple majority vote. As the Supervisory Committee’s role is limited to supervising and monitoring management of Longmen Joint Venture and in the event there is any disagreement between the Board and the Supervisory Committee, the Board prevailed, the Supervisory Committee was considered subordinate to the Board. Thus, the Board of Directors of Longmen Joint Venture continued to be the controlling decision-making body with respect to Longmen Joint Venture. The Company, which controlled 60% of the voting rights of the Board of Directors, had control over the operations of Longmen Joint Venture and as such, had the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact Longmen Joint Venture’s economic performance.

 

The Company had the obligation to absorb losses and the rights to receive benefits based on the profit allocation as stipulated by the Unified Management Agreement that were significant to the VIE. As both conditions were met, the Company was the primary beneficiary of Longmen Joint Venture and therefore, continued to consolidate Longmen Joint Venture as a VIE until its disposal on December 30, 2015. See Note 2(v) “Summary of significant accounting policies – operations held for sale and operations disposed/to be disposed” for details.

 

The carrying amount of the VIE and its subsidiaries’ consolidated assets and liabilities were as follows:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Current assets  $-   $837,135 
Plant and equipment, net   -    1,537,687 
Other noncurrent assets   -    33,396 
Total assets   -    2,408,218 
Total liabilities   -    (2,946,126)
Net liabilities  $-   $(537,908)

 

VIE and its subsidiaries’ liabilities consist of the following:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Current liabilities:          
Short term notes payable  $-   $638,829 
Accounts payable   -    605,025 
Accounts payable - related parties   -    205,914 
Short term loans – bank   -    216,940 
Short term loans – others   -    54,524 
Short term loans - related parties   -    45,710 
Other payables and accrued liabilities   -    47,121 
Other payables - related parties   -    78,615 
Customer deposits   -    87,372 
Customer deposits - related parties   -    34,895 
Deposit due to sales representatives   -    17,871 
Deposit due to sales representatives – related parties   -    2,509 
Taxes payable   -    4,026 
Deferred lease income   -    2,176 
Capital lease obligations, current   -    8,508 
Intercompany payable to be eliminated   -    20,155 
Total current liabilities   -    2,070,190 
Non-current liabilities:   -      
Long term loans - related parties   -    339,549 
Deferred lease income - noncurrent   -    72,713 
Capital lease obligations, noncurrent   -    393,252 
Profit sharing liability   -    70,422 
Total non-current liabilities   -    875,936 
Total liabilities of consolidated VIE  $-   $2,946,126 

 

 45 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

   For the year ended
December 31, 2015
through date of disposal
(December 30, 2015)
   For the year ended
December 31, 2014
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Sales  $1,541,564   $2,284,485 
Gross loss  $(188,153)  $(19,496)
(Loss) income from operations  $(1,189,740)  $4,219 
Net loss attributable to controlling interest  $(763,512)  $(45,425)

 

  (d) Liquidity and Going Concern

 

The Company’s accounts have been prepared assuming that the company will continue as a going concern basis. The going concern basis assumes that assets are realized and liabilities are extinguished in the ordinary course of business at amounts disclosed in the financial statements. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern depends upon aligning its sources of funding (debt and equity) with the expenditure requirements of the Company and repayment of the short-term debt facilities as and when they fall due.

 

The Company’s equity was in deficiencies as of December 31, 2015. As December 31, 2015, the Company’s current liabilities exceed current assets by $75.9 million, which together with continued losses from operations raises substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern.

 

In view of the near-term challenges for the steel sector, the Company strategically accelerated its business transformation. On November 4, 2015, the Company's Board of Directors (the "Board"), including the audit committee, committed to a plan and authorized the Company's management to pursue the potential sale of all its ownership interest in Maoming Hengda and Longmen Joint Venture in order to unlock the hidden value in Maoming Hengda's land assets, as well as divest from and restructure the steel business. On December 30, 2015, the Company sold its entire equity interest in General Steel (China) Co., Ltd. together with Longmen Joint Venture to Victory Energy Resource Limited, a HK registered company indirectly-owned by Henry Yu, the Company’s Chairman. On March 21, 2016, the Company sold its entire equity interest in Maoming Hengda to a related party and completed the divestiture of its steel business as planned. Accordingly, Maoming Hengda’s assets and liabilities were presented as held for sale as of December 31, 2015 in the consolidated financial statements.

 

The Company’s remaining businesses primarily comprised of Tianjin Shuangsi, a trading company that mainly sources overseas iron ore for steel mills. The Company received 100% equity interest of Tianjin Shuangsi on February 16, 2016.

 

As of December 31, 2015, the Company’s current liabilities was $78.2 million. However, the Company has consummated the following transactions subsequent to year end summarized as follows:

 

1)The current liabilities of Maoming Hengda which was disposed on March 21, 2016 is expected to reduce its current liabilities by $28.8 million.

 

2)In August 2016, the Company signed two debt cancellation agreements with two creditors and converted approximately $25.2 million of its debt into the Company’s common stock and Series B preferred stock, of which $19.9 million was assumed by the Company prior to the disposal of Maoming Hengda. The net result is expected to reduce our current liabilities by $5.3 million.

 

3)In August 2016, the Company had signed two offset agreements with Tianwu Tongyuan and two of its debtors to offset its payables of RMB 262.3 million (approximately $40.4 million) to its debtors by offsetting some of the receivables as a result of the sale of Maoming Hengda to a related party subsequent to year end.

 

 46 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The cash flows, taking these transactions into consideration as well as the expected cash needs to support the operations, is expected to yield the following: 

 

   Cash inflow (outflow)
(in thousands)
 
   For the twenty
months ended
August 29, 2017
 
Current liabilities as of December 31, 2015  $(78,161)
Deconsolidation of current liabilities in Maoming Hengda in March  2016   28,820 
Conversion of debt into common stock and Series B Preferred Stock in August 2016   5,313 
Reduction of other payables - related parties after execution of offset agreements   40,412 

Estimated operating expenses for the twenty months ended August 29, 2017

   (1,200)
Net projected cash need for the twenty months ended August 29, 2017  $(4,816)

 

The Company’s net projected outflow for the twenty months ended August 29, 2017 is expected to be at approximately $4.8 million. The Company is expected to complete the following plan to remediate our projected cash shortfall for the twenty months ended August 29, 2017:

 

1)The Company is expected to cancel the shares issued to the 84.5% original owners of Catalon in accordance with the terms of the agreement, as a result, we expected that the $2.3 million liabilities due by Catalon as of December 31, 2015 will be rescind as a result of the shares cancellation.

 

2)The Company is expected to raise approximately $2 to $3 million capital through a private placement.

 

The majority of the Company’s operating assets and businesses have been divested at year end and in the first quarter of 2016 as previously disclosed. The Company’s only operating entity is a new trading company received on February 16, 2016 which has limited operating history. Management has commenced a strategy to raise equity which, will be utilized to fund other strategic acquisitions. However, there can be no certainty that these additional financings will be available on acceptable terms, or at all and that future strategic acquisitions will generate enough cash or generate sufficient cash prior to the Company utilizing its cash on hand. If management is unable to execute this plan, there would likely be a material adverse effect on the Company’s business. All of these factors raise substantial doubt about the ability of the Company to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2015 have been prepared on a going concern basis and do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classifications of assets or the amounts and classifications of liabilities that may result from the inability of the Company to continue as a going concern.

 

  (e) Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the accompanying consolidated financial statements and footnotes. Significant accounting estimates reflected in the Company’s consolidated financial statements include the fair value of the profit sharing liability, the useful lives of and the weighted average calculation used in the impairment for property, plant and equipment, and potential losses on uncollectible receivables, allowance for inventory valuation, the interest rate used in the financing sales, the fair value of the assets recorded under capital lease and the present value of the net minimum lease payments of the capital lease. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

One of the Company’s most significant estimates are the determination of fair value of the profit sharing liability see note 2(h). Since the liability is calculated and largely based on management’s expectations of product demand, pricing, raw materials cost and projected manufacturing efficiencies, it is susceptible to material changes when actual results deviate from those expectations. While management believes its current assumptions are reasonable and achievable, there is no assurance that those future expectations will be met.

  

 47 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

  (f) Concentration of risks and other uncertainties

 

The Company’s operations are carried out in the PRC. Accordingly, the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations may be influenced by the political, economic and legal environment in the PRC, and by the general state of the PRC’s economy. The Company’s operations in the PRC are subject to specific considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America and Western Europe. The Company’s results may be adversely affected by changes in governmental policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion and remittance abroad, and rates and methods of taxation, among other things.

 

The Company has significant exposure to the price fluctuation of raw materials and energy prices as part of its normal operations. As of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the Company did not have any open commodity contracts to mitigate such risks.

 

Cash includes demand deposits in accounts maintained with banks within the PRC, Hong Kong and the United States. Total cash (including restricted cash balances) in these banks on December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 amounted to $0.04 million and $367.2 million, including $0 and $1.0 million that were deposited in Shaanxi Coal and Chemical Industry Group Financial Co., Ltd., a related party, respectively. As of December 31, 2015, $0.02 million cash in the bank was covered by insurance. The Company has not experienced any losses in other bank accounts and believes it is not exposed to any risks on its cash in bank accounts.

 

One of the Company’s customers individually accounted for 15.1% of total sales from operations disposed for the year ended December 31, 2015. One of the Company’s customers from operation held for sale individually accounted for 96.2% of total accounts receivable, including related parties as of December 31, 2015. None of the Company’s customers individually accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s total sales for the year ended December 31, 2014. Two customer from operations held for sale accounted for 32.1% and 20.5% of total accounts receivable, including related parties as of December 31, 2014.

 

None of the Company’s suppliers individually accounted for more than 10% of the total purchases for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014. None of the Company’s suppliers individually accounted for more than 10% of total accounts payable as of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

 

  (g) Foreign currency translation and other comprehensive income

 

The reporting currency of the Company is the U.S. dollar. The Company’s subsidiaries and VIE in China use the local currency, Renminbi (“RMB”), as their functional currency. Assets and liabilities are translated at the unified exchange rate as quoted by the People’s Bank of China at the end of the period. The statement of operations accounts are translated at the average translation rates and the equity accounts are translated at historical rates. Translation adjustments resulting from this process are included in accumulated other comprehensive income in the statement of equity. Transaction gains and losses that arise from exchange rate fluctuations on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in the results of operations as incurred.

 

Translation adjustments included in accumulated other comprehensive income amounted to $2.0 million and $0.6 million as of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. The balance sheet amounts, with the exception of equity at December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 were translated at 6.49 RMB and 6.14 RMB to $1.00, respectively. The equity accounts were stated at their historical rate. The average translation rates applied to statement of operations accounts for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 were 6.23 RMB and 6.14 RMB, respectively. Cash flows are also translated at average translation rates for the periods, therefore, amounts reported on the statement of cash flows will not necessarily agree with changes in the corresponding balances on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

The PRC government imposes significant exchange restrictions on fund transfers out of the PRC that are not related to business operations. These restrictions have not had a material impact on the Company because it has not engaged in any significant transactions that are subject to the restrictions.

 

  (h) Financial instruments

 

The accounting standard regarding fair value of financial instruments and related fair value measurements defines financial instruments and requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments held by the Company. The Company considers the carrying amount of cash, short term investments, accounts receivable, other receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, to approximate their fair values because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization. For short term loans and notes payable, the Company concluded the carrying values are a reasonable estimate of fair values because of the short period of time between the origination and repayment and as their stated interest rates approximate current rates available. The carrying value of the long term loans-related party approximates its fair value as of the reporting date as their stated interest rates approximate current market rates available.

 

 48 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The accounting standards define fair value, establish a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosures of fair value measurement and enhance disclosure requirements for fair value measures. The three levels are defined as follow:

 

·Level 1 inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
·Level 2 inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and inputs that are observable for the assets or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instruments.
·Level 3 inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value.

 

As described in Note 15 - Capital lease obligations, payments related to the capital lease of the Asset Pool consist of two components: (1) a fixed monthly payment of $2.3 million (RMB 14.6 million), based on Shaanxi Steel’s cost to construct the assets, to be paid for the 20 year term of the Unified Management Agreement; and (2) 40% of any remaining pre-tax profits from the Asset Pool, which included Longmen Joint Venture and the constructed iron and steel making facilities. The aforementioned profit sharing component met the definition of a derivative instrument under ASC 815-10-15-83 and, accordingly, the profit sharing liability was accounted for separately as a derivative liability. It was recognized initially at its estimated fair value at inception. The estimated fair value was adjusted each reporting period, with changes in the estimated fair value of the profit sharing liability charged or credited to operating income each period.

 

The Company determined the fair value of the profit sharing liability using Level 3 inputs by considering the present value of Longmen Joint Venture’s projected profits/losses, discounted based on our average borrowing rate, which was 6.5%.

 

The fair value of the profit sharing liability would change each period as a result of (a) any changes in our estimate of Longmen Joint Venture’s projected profits/losses over the remaining term of the Agreement, (b) any change in the discount rate used, based on changes in our current or expected borrowing rate, (c) the change in fair value related to the passage of time and change in the number of future periods over which the present value of future cash flows is estimated and (d) any difference between the previously estimated operating results for the current period and actual results.

 

Each reporting period, the Company considered whether the discount rate based on the Company’s average borrowing rate should be adjusted based upon the current and expected future financial condition of the Company. On November 22, 2014, the People’s Bank of China decreased standard bank borrowing rate across the board by 0.4%. Accordingly, the Company adjusted down the present value discount rate for profit sharing liability by 0.4% from 7.3% to 6.9%. On May 11, 2015, the People’s Bank of China decreased the standard bank borrowing rate again across the board by 0.25%. Accordingly, the Company adjusted down the present value discount rate for profit sharing liability by 0.25% from 6.9% to 6.7%. On June 27, 2015 the People’s Bank of China decreased the standard bank borrowing rate again across the board by 0.25%. Accordingly, the Company adjusted down the present value discount rate for profit sharing liability by 0.25% from 6.7% to 6.5%.

 

The projected profits/losses in Longmen Joint Venture were based upon, but not limited to, the following assumptions:

 

  · projected selling units and growth in the steel market
  · projected unit selling price in the steel market
  · projected unit purchase cost in the coal and iron ore markets
  · selling and general and administrative expenses to be in line with the growth in the steel market
  · projected bank borrowings
  · interest rate index
  · gross national product index
  · industry index
  · government policy

 

The major drivers of the change in our estimate were the continuing decrease in the selling price of Longmen Joint Venture’s products as well as a continuing downtrend in the sluggish infrastructure investment and consumption growth for the next ten years or so. As such, as of December 31, 2014 financial statement issuance we had lowered our projected growth in the steel market for approximately ten years as compared to our previous estimates at December 31, 2013. The variables and the impact on our inputs to the 2014 valuation of profit sharing fair value, as compared to the 2013 valuation of the profit sharing fair value can be summarized as follows:

 

 49 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

  - Volume Inputs: The most recent 5 year China GDP forecast and Shaanxi GDP forecast decreased on average by 0.4% and 1.4% of GDP, respectively, versus the forecast used in 2013.
  - Steel Sales Price Inputs: The most recent China Steel Association price index, together with our actual result decreased, on average, by 5.6% versus the same forecast used in 2013.
  - Raw Material Cost Inputs: The most recent China Steel Association price index, together with the our actual result decreased, on average, by 4.7% versus the same forecast used in 2013.

 

The above reduced our Gross Profit % over the next 5 years by, on average, 0.4% from the 2013 valuation. In addition, the above reduced our Gross Profit % over the remaining profit sharing period of 11.33 years by, on average, 1.75% from the 2013 valuation at December 31, 2014.

 

As a result of the changes in valuation inputs noted above for the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company recognized a gain on the change in the fair value of the profit sharing liability of $91.0 million due to a $110.6 million reduction in the fair value of profit sharing liability resulting from the change in estimates of future operating profits and a $0.1 million reduction resulting from the Asset Pool’s operating results for the year ended December 31, 2014 being slightly less favorable than previously estimated as of December 31, 2013, offset by a $8.1 million loss resulting from the 0.4% reduction of the present value discount rate and a $11.5 million loss from the present value discount.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2015, the Company recognized a $12.9 million reduction in the fair value of profit sharing liability resulting from the change in estimates of future operating profits based on the April 2015 actual operating results and consideration for the Chinese steel market trends in April 2015 as well as the May 11, 2015 change to the Borrowing Rate by 0.25%. These further recent changes in market conditions resulted in a decrease in the expected liability of $16.6 million primarily from adjustments to the 2015 and 2016 expected cash flows as well as a $2.5 million loss from the reduction in the present value discount rate of 0.25% and a $1.2 million loss from the present value discount.

 

The variables and the impact on the Company’s inputs to the first quarter of 2015 valuation of profit sharing fair value, as compared to the 2014 valuation of the profit sharing fair value can be summarized as follows:

 

  - Volume Inputs: the Company reduced our projected sales volume in 2015 by 3% versus the forecast used in 2014.
  - Steel Sales Price Inputs: the Company reduced our projected selling price in 2015 by 12% versus the forecast used in 2014 and reduced our projected selling price in 2016 by 7% versus the forecast used in 2014.

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2015, the Company recognized a $57.5 million reduction in the fair value of profit sharing liability resulting from the change in estimates of future operating profits based on the actual operating results through June 2015 and the continued deterioration of steel market conditions in the second quarter of 2015, which deviated from our previously anticipated industry environment improvement, as well as the June 27, 2015 change to the Borrowing Rate by 0.25%. These further recent changes in market conditions resulted in a decrease in the expected liability of $54.8 million primarily from adjustments to the 2015 to 2031 expected cash flows as well as a $2.6 million loss from the reduction in the present value discount rate of 0.25%, a $1.2 million loss from the present value discount, and a $6.5 million gain resulting from the Asset Pool’s operating results for the three months ended June 30, 2015 being less favorable than previously estimated as of March 31, 2015. The estimated fair value of the profit sharing liability at June 30, 2015 and through the date of the business disposition on December 30, 2016 was reduced to $0. At the same time, the reduction in the estimated future cash flows expected to be generated from Longmen Joint Venture’s operations caused the value of the Assets Pool to fall below the carrying value of Longmen Joint Venture’s long-lived assets, which triggered an impairment of $973.9 million (see Note 2(r)).

 

The variables and the impact on the Company’s inputs to the second quarter of 2015 valuation of profit sharing fair value, as compared to the first quarter valuation of the profit sharing fair value can be summarized as follows:

 

  - Volume Inputs: the Company increased our projected sales volume between 2015 and 2031 in response to recent policy initiatives from the Chinese government to boost infrastructure investment and further steel industry consolidation.
  - Steel Sales Price Inputs: the Company reduced the projected selling price in 2015 by 19% versus the forecast used in the first quarter of 2015 and reduced the projected selling price between 2016 and 2031 proportionally based on the reduction for 2015.
  - Raw Material Cost Inputs: based on the actual results in the second quarter of 2015 and the latest market trends, the Company reduced cost of goods sold in 2015 by 12% versus the forecast used in the first quarter of 2015 and reduced our projected cost of goods sold between 2016 and 2031 proportionally based on the reduction for 2015.

 

 50 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The following table sets forth by level within the fair value hierarchy, the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis in operations held for sale as of December 31, 2014:

 

(in thousands)  Carrying Value
as of
December 31, 2014
   Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2014
Using Fair Value Hierarchy
 
       Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
Profit sharing liability  $70,422   $-   $-   $70,422 

 

The following is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balance of the assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis in operations disposed for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014:

 

   December 31,
2015
   December 31,
2014
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $70,422   $162,295 
Change in fair value of profit sharing liability:          
Change in preset value of estimate of future operating profits   (71,395)   (110,589)
Change in discount rate   5,012    8,106 
Interest expense - present value discount amortization   2,443    11,544 
Difference between the previously estimated operating results for the current period and actual results   (6,483)   (79)
Exchange rate effect   1    (855)
Ending balance  $-   $70,422 

 

The Company did not identify any other assets or liabilities that are required to be presented on the balance sheet at fair value.

 

(i)Cash

 

Cash includes cash on hand and demand deposits in banks with original maturities of less than three months.

 

(j)Restricted cash

 

The Company had notes payable outstanding with various banks and was required to keep certain amounts on deposit that were subject to withdrawal restrictions. The notes payable were generally short term in nature due to its maturity period of six months or less, thus restricted cash was classified as a current asset.

 

(k)Short term investment

 

Short-term investments are certificated deposits maintained with banks within the PRC with maturity date of less than one year.

 

(l)Loans receivable

 

Loans receivable, including to related parties represent interest-bearing amounts the Company expects to collect from unrelated and related parties with maturity dates of less than one year or due on demand.

 

(m)Accounts receivable and allowance for doubtful accounts

 

Accounts receivable include trade accounts due from customers and other receivables from cash advances to employees, related parties or third parties. An allowance for doubtful accounts is established and recorded based on managements’ assessment of potential losses based on the credit history and relationships with the customers. Management reviews its receivables on a regular basis to determine if the bad debt allowance is adequate, and adjusts the allowance when necessary. Delinquent account balances are written-off against allowance for doubtful accounts after management has determined that the likelihood of collection is not probable.

 

 51 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

  (n) Notes receivable

 

Notes receivable represents trade accounts receivable due from various customers where the customers’ banks have guaranteed the payment. The notes are non-interest bearing and normally paid within three to six months. The Company has the ability to submit request for payment to the customer’s bank earlier than the scheduled payment date, but will incur an interest charge and a processing fee.

 

Restricted notes receivable represents notes receivable pledged as collateral for short-term loans and short-term notes payable issued by banks.

 

Interest expense for early submission request of payment for operations disposed amounted to $21.9 million and $49.3 million for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

(o)Advances on inventory purchase

 

Advances on inventory purchases are monies deposited or advanced to outside vendors or related parties on future inventory purchases. Due to the shortage of raw material in China, most of the Company’s vendors require a certain amount of money to be deposited with them as a guarantee that the Company will complete its purchases on a timely basis.

 

This amount is refundable and bears no interest. The Company has legally binding contracts with its vendors, which required the deposit to be returned to the Company when the contract ends. The inventory is normally delivered within one month after the monies have been advanced.

 

(p)Inventories

 

Inventories are comprised of raw materials, work in progress and finished goods and are stated at the lower of cost or market using the weighted average cost method. Management reviews inventories for obsolescence and cost in excess of net realizable value at least annually and records a reserve against the inventory and additional cost of goods sold when the carrying value exceeds net realizable value.

 

(q)Shipping and handling

 

Shipping and handling for raw materials purchased are included in cost of goods sold. Shipping and handling cost incurred to ship finished products to customers are included in selling expenses. Shipping and handling expenses for finished goods for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 amounted to $26.9 million and $25.5 million, respectively, from operations disposed.

 

   (r) Plant and equipment, net

 

Plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets with a 3%-5% residual value. The depreciation expense on assets acquired under capital leases is included with depreciation expense on owned assets. The estimated useful lives are as follows:

 

Buildings and Improvements   10-40 Years  
Machinery   10-30 Years  
Machinery and equipment under capital lease   10-20 Years  
Other equipment   5 Years  
Transportation Equipment   5 Years  

 

The Company assesses all significant leases for purposes of classification as either operating or capital. At lease inception, if the lease meets any of the four following criteria, the Company will classify it as a capital lease; otherwise it will be treated as an operating lease: a) transfer of ownership to lessee at the end of the lease term, b) bargain purchase option, c) lease term is equal to 75% or more of the estimated economic life of the leased property, d) the present value of the minimum lease payments is 90% or more of the fair value of the leased asset.

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Construction in progress represents the costs incurred in connection with the construction of buildings or new additions to the Company’s plant facilities. No depreciation is provided for construction in progress until such time as the assets are completed and are placed into service, maintenance, repairs and minor renewals are charged directly to expense as incurred. Major additions and betterment to buildings and equipment are capitalized. Interest incurred during construction is capitalized into construction in progress. All other interest is expensed as incurred.

 

Long lived assets, including buildings and improvements, equipment and intangible assets are reviewed if events and changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable, to determine whether their carrying value has become impaired. The Company considers assets to be impaired if the carrying value exceeds the future projected cash flows from related operations. The Company also re-evaluates the periods of depreciation and amortization to determine whether subsequent events and circumstances warrant revised estimates of useful lives.

 

Due to the recurring losses in the Longmen Joint Venture’s operations, the most recent economic down turn, the major sell off of the Chinese stock market and the lacking of government expansion in major infrastructure, the Company considered Longmen Joint Venture’s carrying amount for property and equipment not being recoverable. The Company used the undiscounted cash flow approach for the purpose of performing a recoverability test, which included future cash inflows less associated cash outflows that were directly associated with and that were expected to arise as a direct result of the use and eventual disposition of the assets. For purposes of assessment, the long lived assets were grouped at the lowest level for which there was identifiable cash flows. The major groupings analyses include Longmen Joint Venture, Maoming Hengda and General Steel (China). Further, the Company’s estimate of future cash flows included estimated future cash flows necessary to maintain our existing production potential over the entire period and within the various groups. The projections were based on a best estimate approach of likely outcomes. When the Company identified an impairment, the Company reduced the carrying amount of the asset to its estimated fair value based on a discounted cash flows method. During the quarter ended June 30, 2015, the Company expected Longmen Joint Venture’s long-lived assets to be not fully recoverable and recognized an impairment loss of $973.9 million to reduce its carrying value to its fair value. See Note 2 (c) and note 8 for further details.

 

  (s) Intangible assets

 

Finite lived intangible assets of the Company are reviewed for impairment if events and circumstances require. The Company considers assets to be impaired if the carrying value exceeds the future projected cash flows from related operations. The Company also re-evaluates the periods of amortization to determine whether subsequent events and circumstances warrant revised estimates of useful lives.  As of December 31, 2015, the Company expects these assets to be fully recoverable.

 

Land use rights

 

All land in the PRC is owned by the government. However, the government grants “land use rights.” The Company amortizes the land use rights over the twenty-year business term because its business license had a twenty-year term.

 

Maoming Hengda has land use rights amounting to $2.7 million (RMB 16.6 million) for 50 years that expire in 2054.

 

  (t) Investments in unconsolidated entities

 

Entities in which the Company has the ability to exercise significant influence, but does not have a controlling interest, are accounted for using the equity method. Significant influence is generally considered to exist when the Company has an ownership interest in the voting stock between 20% and 50%, and other factors, such as representation on the Board of Directors, voting rights and the impact of commercial arrangements, are considered in determining whether the equity method of accounting is appropriate. The Company accounts for investments with ownership less than 20% using the cost method.

 

Longmen Joint Venture acquired 24.1% equity interest in Xi’an Delong Powder Engineering Materials Co., Ltd. in 2007. As of December 31, 2014, Longmen Joint Venture’s net investment in the unconsolidated entity was $1.2 million.

 

General Steel (China) acquired 32.0% equity interest in Tianwu General Steel Material Trading Co., Ltd. in 2010. As of December 31, 2014, General Steel (China)’s net investment in the unconsolidated entity was $15.7 million.

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

On December 28, 2015 General Steel (China) sold its 32% equity interest in Tianwu General Steel Material Trading Co., Ltd. to Tongyong Shengyuan, one of our wholly owned subsidiaries, for $14.9 million (RMB 96.6 million). As of December 31, 2015, Tongyong Shengyuan’s net investment in the unconsolidated entity was $14.9 million.

 

Total investment loss in unconsolidated subsidiaries from continuing operations amounted to $0 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively, which was included in “Income from equity investments” in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

 

Total investment income in unconsolidated subsidiaries from operations disposed amounted to $0.3 million and $0.1 million for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively, which was included in net loss from operations disposed in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

 

  (u) Revenue recognition

 

Sales is recognized at the date of shipment to customers when a formal arrangement exists, the price is fixed or determinable, the delivery is completed, the Company has no other significant obligations and collectability is reasonably assured. Payments received before all of the relevant criteria for revenue recognition are recorded as customer deposits. Sales represent the invoiced value of goods, net of value-added tax (VAT). All of the Company’s products sold in the PRC are subject to a Chinese value-added tax at a rate of 13% or 17% of the gross sales price. This VAT may be offset by VAT paid by the Company on raw materials and other materials included in the cost of producing the finished product.

 

The Company engaged in trading transactions in which the Company act as an agent between the suppliers and the customers. The trading arrangements are such that the suppliers were the primary obligators, the Company did not have any general inventory risk, physical inventory loss risk or credit risk, and the Company did not have latitude in establishing price. Sales and cost of goods sold from these trading arrangements were recorded at the net amount retained in accordance with ASC 605-45. Sales in trading transactions, which were netted against corresponding cost of goods sold, amounted to $336.6 million and $335.0 million for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The net gain (loss) included in either net sales or cost of sales from operations disposed amounted to $1.0 million and $(0.5) million for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

  (v) Operations held for sale and operations disposed/to be disposed

 

In accordance with ASU No. 2014-08, Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity, a disposal of a component of an entity or a group of components of an entity is required to be reported as discontinued operations if the disposal represents a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results when the components of an entity meets the criteria in paragraph 205-20-45-1E to be classified as held for sale. When all of the criteria to be classified as held for sale are met, including management, having the authority to approve the action, commits to a plan to sell the entity, the major current assets, other assets, current liabilities, and noncurrent liabilities shall be reported as components of total assets and liabilities separate from those balances of the continuing operations. At the same time, the results of all discontinued operations (which we presented as operations to be disposed and operations disposed), less applicable income taxes (benefit), shall be reported as components of net income (loss) separate from the net income (loss) of continuing operations in accordance with ASC 205-20-45.

 

Reconciliation of the Carrying Amounts of Major Classes of Assets and Liabilities of Discontinued Operations Classified as Held for Sale in the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

 

 54 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
(In thousands)  2015   2014 
         
Carrying amounts of major classes of assets included as part of discontinued operations:          
           
CURRENT ASSETS:          
Cash  $38*  $11,573 
Restricted cash   -    355,685 
Notes receivable   -    10,290 
Restricted notes receivable   -    111,801 
Loans receivable   -    36,001 
Loan receivable – related parties   -    34,713 
Accounts receivable, net   342    9,321 
Accounts receivable - related parties, net   -    8,498 
Other receivables, net   11    63,610 
Other receivables - related parties, net   -    38,425 
Inventories   -    156,327 
Advances on inventory purchase, net   -    73,819 
Advances on inventory purchase - related parties   -    45,617 
Prepaid expense and other   -    4,774 
Prepaid taxes   1,218    5,789 
Short-term investment   -    2,688 
Total current assets held for sale   1,609    968,931 
           
OTHER ASSETS:          
Property and equipment, net   16,593    1,543,136 
Advances on equipment purchase   -    11,438 
Investment in unconsolidated entities   -    16,823 
Long-term deferred expense   2    458 
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization   2,023    22,960 
Total other assets held for sale   18,618    1,594,815 
           
Total assets of the disposal group classified as held for sale  $20,227   $2,563,746 
           
Carrying amounts of major classes of liabilities included as part of discontinued operations:          
CURRENT LIABILITIES:          
Short term notes payable  $-   $661,635 
Accounts payable   6,336    612,801 
Accounts payable - related parties   -    207,783 
Short term loans - bank   -    257,502 
Short term loans - others   461    60,717 
Short term loans - related parties   -    46,380 
Other payables and accrued liabilities   2,551*   55,462 
Other payables - related parties   21,807*   87,227 
Customer deposits   -    92,974 
Customer deposits - related parties   -    132,616 
Deposit due to sales representatives   -    17,871 
Deposit due to sales representatives - related parties   -    2,509 
Taxes payable   -    5,199 
Deferred lease income, current   -    2,176 
Capital lease obligations, current   -    8,508 
Total current liabilities held for sale   31,155    2,251,360 
           
NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES HELD FOR SALE          
Long-term loans - related party   -    339,549 
Deferred lease income, noncurrent   -    72,713 
Capital lease obligations, noncurrent   -    393,252 
Profit sharing liability at fair value   -    70,422 
Total non-current liabilities held for sale   -    875,936 
           
Total liabilities of the disposal group classified as held for sale  $31,155   $3,127,296 

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

*As of December 31, 2015, Catalon has total cash of $24 thousand, incurred other payables of $0.9 million and other payable – related party of $1.4 million. All the remaining assets and liabilities held for sale are held and for Maoming Hengda.

 

Reconciliation of the Amounts of Major Classes of Income and Losses from Operations to be Disposed Classified as Held for Sale and Disposed in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.

 

   For the years ended December 31, 
Operations to be disposed:  2015   2014 
         
SALES  $125   $32 
COST OF GOODS SOLD   242    13 
GROSS (LOSS) PROFIT   (117)   19 
           
SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES   (13,394)*   (1,309)
           
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS   (13,511)   (1,290)
           
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)          
Finance/interest expense   -    (1)
(Loss) gain on disposal of equipment and intangible assets   (9)   22 
Other non-operating expense, net   (160)   (389)
Other expense, net   (169)   (368)
LOSS BEFORE PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES AND NONCONTROLLING INTEREST   (13,680)   (1,658)
PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES   -    - 
NET LOSS FROM OPERATIONS TO BE DISPOSED   (13,680)   (1,658)
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest from operations to be disposed   (1,933)   (53)
NET LOSS FROM OPERATIONS TO BE DISPOSED ATTRIBUTABLE TO GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC.  $(11,747)  $(1,605)

 

*Included an impairment charge of $12.2 million in December 2015 associated with Catalon intangible assets (See Note 21)

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

   For the years ended December 31, 
Operations Disposed:  2015   2014 
         
SALES  $993,744   $1,900,260 
SALES - RELATED PARTIES   549,197    389,120 
TOTAL SALES   1,542,941    2,289,380 
COST OF GOODS SOLD   1,123,690    1,913,536 
COST OF GOODS SOLD - RELATED PARTIES   606,414    395,029 
TOTAL COST OF GOODS SOLD   1,730,104    2,308,565 
GROSS LOSS   (187,163)   (19,185)
           
SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES   (72,827)   (69,058)
EXCESS OVERHEAD DURING MAINTENANCE   (27,701)   - 
IMPAIRMENT CHARGE   (973,860)   - 
CHANGE IN FAIR VALUE OF PROFIT SHARING LIABILITY   70,423    91,018 
(LOSS) INCOME FROM OPERATIONS   (1,191,128)   2,775 
           
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)          
Interest income   7,242    21,385 
Finance/interest expense   (97,734)   (96,573)
Loss on disposal of equipment and intangible assets   (29)   (1,147)
Government grant   2,056    327 
Income from equity investments   342    139 
Foreign currency transaction (loss) gain   (3,174)   786 
Lease income   2,145    2,175 
Gain on deconsolidated of a subsidiary   -    1,795 
Other non-operating income (expense), net   1,063    (39)
Other expense, net   (88,089)   (71,152)
LOSS BEFORE PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES AND NONCONTROLLING INTEREST   (1,279,217)   (68,377)
PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES   603    269 
NET LOSS FROM OPERATIONS DISPOSED   (1,279,820)   (68,646)
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest from operations disposed   (513,092)   (29,500)
NET LOSS FROM OPERATIONS DISPOSED ATTRIBUTABLE TO GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC.  $(766,728)  $(39,146)

 

On December 30, 2015, the Company entered into an agreement to sell its wholly-owned General Steel (China) and its entire equity interest in all of its subsidiaries for $1 million to Victory Energy Resource Limited, a HK registered company indirectly-owned by Henry Yu, the Company's Chairman. As Victory Energy Resource Limited is a related party under common control with the Company under Mr. Henry Yu, the net consideration has recognized as a contribution to capital as opposed to a gain. As of December 30, 2015, the net deficiency of GS China amounted to $1.0 billion and a net consideration of $1.0 million. Accordingly, the Company recorded the total amount of net consideration of $1.0 billion in additional-paid-in capital. The net deficiency of GS China as of December 30, 2015 is as follows:

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

   December 31, 
(In thousands)  2015 
     
CURRENT ASSETS:     
Cash  $122,577 
Restricted cash   12,336 
Notes receivable   9,010 
Loan receivable – related parties   5,769 
Accounts receivable, net   4,966 
Accounts receivable - related parties, net   173,287 
Other receivables, net   118,106 
Other receivables - related parties, net   236,162 
Inventories   72,024 
Advances on inventory purchase, net   39,463 
Advances on inventory purchase - related parties   15,968 
Prepaid expense and other   26 
Prepaid taxes   762 
Short-term investment   2,064 
Total current   812,520 
      
OTHER ASSETS:     
Property and equipment, net   515,169 
Advances on equipment purchase   9,140 
Investment in unconsolidated entities   1,024 
Long-term deferred expense   412 
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization   19,048 
Total other assets   544,793 
      
Total assets  $1,357,313 
      
CURRENT LIABILITIES:     
Short term notes payable  $273,632 
Accounts payable   571,366 
Accounts payable - related parties   465,858 
Short term loans - bank   45,151 
Short term loans - related parties   23,038 
Other payables and accrued liabilities   93,193 
Other payables - related parties   191,276 
Customer deposits   42,515 
Customer deposits - related parties   203,413 
Taxes payable   1,849 
Deferred lease income, current   2,059 
Capital lease obligations, current   11,201 
Total current liabilities   1,924,551 
      
NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES HELD FOR SALE     
Long-term loans   702,261 
Deferred lease income, noncurrent   68,407 
Capital lease obligations, noncurrent   385,576 
Total non-current liabilities held for sale   1,156,244 
      
NON-CONTROLLING INTEREST   (698,311)
      
Total net deficiency   (1,025,171)
Net consideration   (1,000)
Currency translation adjustment   12,822 
Total addition to paid-in capital  $(1,013,349)

 

(w)Reclassifications

 

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. These reclassifications have no effect on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and cash flows.

 

(x)Short-term notes payable

 

Short-term notes payable are lines of credit extended by banks. The banks in-turn issue the Company a bankers acceptance note, which can be endorsed and assigned to vendors as payments for purchases. The notes payable are generally payable at a determinable period, generally three to six months. This short-term notes payable bears no interest and is guaranteed by the bank for its complete face value and usually matures within three to six-month period. The banks usually require the Company to deposit a certain amount of cash at the bank as a guarantee deposit, which is classified on the balance sheet as restricted cash.

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(y)Customer deposits

 

Customer deposits represent amounts advanced by customers on product orders. The product normally is shipped within one month after receipt of the advance payment, and the related sale is recognized in accordance with the Company’s revenue recognition policy.

 

(z)Deferred lease income

 

To reimburse Longmen Joint Venture for certain construction costs incurred as well as economic losses on suspended production to accommodate the construction of the new iron and steel making facilities on behalf of Shaanxi Steel, in the fourth quarter of 2010, Shaanxi Steel reimbursed Longmen Joint Venture for the value of assets dismantled, various site preparation costs incurred and rent under a 40-year land sub-lease that was entered into by the parties in June 2009 (the "Longmen Sub-lease"), and for the reduced production efficiency caused by the construction. Applying the lease accounting guidance, the Company had concluded that, except for the reimbursement for site preparation costs incurred, the amount of reimbursement should be deferred and recognized as a component of the land that was sub-leased during the construction, to be amortized to income over the remaining term of the 40-year sub-lease. Deferred lease income represents the remaining balance of compensation being deferred. See Note 14 - “Deferred lease income”.

 

(aa)Non-controlling interest

 

Non-controlling interest mainly consists of Long Steel Group’s 40% interest in Longmen Joint Venture, an individuals’ 0.9% interest in Yangpu Shengtong, two individuals’ 1.3% interest in Qiu Steel, an individual’s 1% interest in Maoming Hengda, and two individuals’ 15.5% interest in Catalon. The non-controlling interests are presented in the consolidated balance sheets, separately from equity attributable to the shareholders of the Company. Non-controlling interests in the results of the Company are presented on the face of the consolidated statement of operations as an allocation of the total income or loss for the year between non-controlling interest holders and the shareholders of the Company.

 

(bb)Earnings (loss) per share

 

The Company has adopted the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States regarding earnings per share (“EPS”), which requires presentation of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share in conjunction with the disclosure of the methodology used in computing such earnings (loss) per share.

 

Basic earnings (loss) per share are computed by dividing income available to common stockholders by the weighted average common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings (loss) per share takes into account the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised and converted into common stock.

 

(cc)Treasury Stock

 

Treasury stock consists of shares repurchased by the Company that are no longer outstanding and are held by the Company. Treasury stock is accounted for under the cost method.

 

As of both December 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company had repurchased 494,462 total shares of its common stock, given retroactive effect to the 1-for-5 reverse stock split effective on October 29, 2015, under the share repurchase plan approved by the Board of Directors in December 2010.

 

(dd)Income taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for income taxes. Under the asset and liability method as required by this accounting standard, the recognition of deferred income tax liabilities and assets for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the income tax basis and financial reporting basis of assets and liabilities. Provision for income taxes consists of taxes currently due plus deferred taxes. The accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for accounting for uncertainty in income taxes clarify the accounting and disclosure for uncertain tax positions.  A tax position is recognized as a benefit only if it is “more likely than not” that the tax position would be sustained in a tax examination, with a tax examination being presumed to occur. The amount recognized is the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized on examination. For tax positions not meeting the “more likely than not” test, no tax benefit is recorded.

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The charge for taxation is based on the results for the year as adjusted for items, which are non-assessable or disallowed. It is calculated using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

 

Deferred tax is accounted for using the balance sheet liability method in respect of temporary differences arising from differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities in the consolidated financial statements and the corresponding tax basis used in the computation of assessable tax profit. In principle, deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable temporary differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which deductible temporary differences can be utilized. Deferred tax is calculated using tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled. Deferred tax is charged or credited in the income statement, except when it is related to items credited or charged directly to equity, in which case the deferred tax is also dealt with in equity.

 

Deferred income taxes are recognized for temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements, net operating loss carry forwards and credits, by applying enacted statutory tax rates applicable to future years. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Current income taxes are provided for in accordance with the laws of the relevant taxing authorities.

 

An uncertain tax position is recognized as a benefit only if it is “more likely than not” that the tax position would be sustained in a tax examination, with a tax examination being presumed to occur. The amount recognized is the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized on examination. For tax positions not meeting the “more likely than not” test, no tax benefit is recorded. Penalties and interest incurred related to underpayment of income tax are classified as income tax expense in the period incurred. No significant penalties or interest relating to income taxes have been incurred during the years ended December 31, 2015, and 2014. As of December 31, 2015, the Company’s income tax returns filed for December 31, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012 and 2011 remain subject to examination by the taxing authorities.

 

(ee)Share-based compensation

 

The Company accounts for equity instruments issued in exchange for the receipt of goods or services from other than employees in accordance with the accounting standards regarding accounting for stock-based compensation and accounting for equity instruments that are issued to other than employees for acquiring or in conjunction with selling goods or services. Costs are measured at the estimated fair market value of the consideration received or the estimated fair value of the equity instruments issued, whichever is more reliably determinable. The value of equity instruments issued for consideration other than employee services is determined on the earlier of a performance commitment or completion of performance by the provider of goods or services as defined by these accounting standards. In the case of equity instruments issued to consultants, the fair value of the equity instrument is recognized over the term of the consulting agreement.

 

(ff)Recently issued accounting pronouncements

 

In February 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2015-02, Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis. Under both current GAAP requirements and the amendments in this update, a decision maker is determined to be the primary beneficiary of a VIE if it satisfies both the power and the economics criteria. The primary beneficiary consolidates a VIE because it has a controlling financial interest. Under the requirements in current GAAP, if a fee arrangement paid to a decision maker, such as an asset management fee, is determined to be a variable interest in a VIE, the decision maker must include the fee arrangement in its primary beneficiary determination and could consolidate the VIE on the basis of power (decision-making authority) and economics (the fee arrangement). However, the amendments in this Update specify that some fees paid to a decision maker are excluded from the evaluation of the economics criterion if the fees are both customary and commensurate with the level of effort required for the services provided. Those amendments make it less likely for a decision maker to meet the economics criterion solely on the basis of a fee arrangement. The amendments in this update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. Management is evaluating the impact that will arise from these Amendments.

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

In April 2015, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on accounting for Interest-Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30); Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs (“ASU 2015-03”). This update requires that debt issuance cost related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the debt liability, consistent with debt discounts, without changing existing recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs. The new guidance is required to be applied on a retrospective basis and to be accounted for as a change in an accounting principle. The amendments in this update are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015 and interim periods within those fiscal years and early adoption of the amendments in this update is permitted. The Company has applied early adoption of this standard in the second quarter of 2015. The implementation of this standard resulted in the reclassification of certain debt issuance costs from deferred financing cost to a reduction in the carrying amount of the related debt liability within the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11, an amendment to Topic 330 for simplifying the measurement of inventory. The update requires that inventory be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value where net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. Subsequent measurement is unchanged for inventory measured using LIFO or the retail inventory method. The amendment is intended to provide clarification on the measurement and disclosure of inventory in Topic 330 and not intended for those clarifications to result in any changes in practice. The ASU is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Early application is permitted for all entities and should be applied prospectively. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2015-11 to have material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, to defer the effective date of ASC 2014-09 for all entities by one year. Public business entities, certain not-for-profit entities, and certain employee benefit plans should apply the guidance in ASC 2014-09 to annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. Earlier application is permitted only as of annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. Management is evaluating the effect, if any, on the Company’s consolidated financial statements

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 Amendments to the ASC 842 Leases. This update requires lessee to recognize the assets and liability (the lease liability) arising from operating leases on the balance sheet for the lease term. When measuring assets and liabilities arising from a lease, a lessee (and a lessor) should include payments to be made in optional periods only if the lessee is reasonably certain to exercise an option to extend the lease or not to exercise an option to terminate the lease. Within a twelve months or less lease term, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election not to recognize lease assets and liabilities. If a lessee makes this election, it should recognize lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term. In transition, this update will be effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Management is evaluating the effect, if any, on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-07 Investments-Equity and Joint Ventures (Topic 323): Simplifying the Transition to the Equity Method of Accounting. The objective is to simplify investor’s accounting for equity method investments as a result of an increase in ownership level or degree of influence over the investee from prior period and requires prospective application of equity method accounting from the date when an equity investment qualifies for equity method of accounting. The amendments in this Update are effective for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016. The amendments should be applied prospectively upon their effective date to increases in the level of ownership interest or degree of influence that result in the adoption of the equity method. Earlier application is permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2016-07 to have material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2016, 2016-08—Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net). The object is to reduce the potential for diversity in practice arising from inconsistent application of the principal verse agent guidance and to reduce the cost and complexity of applying Topic 606 both at transition and on an ongoing basis. The amendments in this Update affect the guidance in Accounting Standards Update 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which is not yet effective. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments in this Update are the same as the effective date and transition requirements of Update 2014-09. Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, defers the effective date of Update 2014-09 by one year. Management is evaluating the effect, if any, on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. The objective is to identity, evaluate, and improve areas of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for which cost and complexity can be reduced while maintain or improving the usefulness of the information provided to users of financial statements. The areas for simplification include the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. Some of the areas apply only to nonpublic entities. For public business entities, the ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. For all other entities, the ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted for any entity in any interim or annual period. If an entity early adopts the amendments in an interim period, any adjustments should be reflected as of the beginning of the fiscal year that includes that interim period. An entity that elects early adoption must adopt all of the amendments in the same period. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2016-09 to have material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing. The objective is to clarify the two aspects of Topic 606: identifying performance obligations and the licensing implementation guidance, while retaining the related principles for these areas. The ASU affects the guidance in ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which is not yet effective. The effective date and transition requirements for this ASU are the same as the effective date and transition requirements in Topic 606 (and any other Topic amended by ASU 2014-09). ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, defers the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year. Management is evaluating the effect, if any, on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients. The object is to address certain issues identified by the FASB-IASB Joint Transition Resource Group for Revenue Recognition. The amendments in this Update affect the guidance in Accounting Standards Update 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which is not yet effective. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments in this Update are the same as the effective date and transition requirements for Topic 606 (and any other Topic amended by Update 2014-09). Accounting Standards Update 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, defers the effective date of Update 2014-09 by one year. Management is evaluating the effect, if any, on the Company’s consolidated financial statements

 

Note 3 – Loans receivable – held for sale

 

Loans receivable, including to related parties represent amounts the Company expects to collect from unrelated and related parties upon maturity.

 

The Company had the following loan receivable held for sale due within one year as of:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Loan to unrelated party; due on demand; interest rate is 8.0%.  $-   $36,001 

 

The Company has the following loans receivable – related parties held for sale due within one year as of:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Loan to Tianjin Hengying Trading Co., Ltd.; due on demand; interest rate is 10.0%.  $-   $13,997 
Loan to Tianjin Dazhan Industry Co., Ltd.; due on demand; interest rate is 10.0%.   -    14,617 
Loan to Beijing Shenghua Xinyuan Metal Materials Co., Ltd.; due on demand; interest rate is 10.0%.   -    6,099 
Total loans receivable – related parties  $-   $34,713 

 

See Note 19 “Related party transactions and balances” for the nature of the relationship of related parties.

 

Total interest income for the loans in operations disposed amounted to $0 and $8.2 million for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 4 – Accounts receivable (including related parties), net – held for sale

 

Accounts receivable, including related party receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts consists of the following:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Accounts receivable  $342   $9,804 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts   -    (483)
Accounts receivable – related parties   -    8,624 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts – related parties   -    (126)
Net accounts receivable – held for sale  $342   $17,819 

 

Movement of allowance for doubtful accounts is as follows:

 

   December 31,
2015
   December 31,
2014
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $609   $1,053 
Charge to expense   201    368 
Less: recovery   -    (8)
Deconsolidation   (769)   (798)
Exchange rate effect   (41)   (6)
Ending balance  $-   $609 

 

Note 5 – Other receivables (including related parties), net

 

Other receivables, including related party receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts consists of the following:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Other receivables  $174   $73,944 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts   -    (10,198)
Other receivables – related parties   -    39,734 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts – related parties   -    (64)
Net other receivables   174    103,416 
Less: other receivables – held for sale   (11)   (102,035)
Net other receivables – continuing operations  $163   $1,381 

 

Movement of allowance for doubtful accounts, including related parties, is as follows:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $10,262   $2,606 
Charge to expense   5,007    7,670 
Less: recovery   (5)   (6)
Less: deconsolidation   (15,119)   - 
Exchange rate effect   (145)   (8)
Ending balance   -    10,262 
Less: balance – held for sale   -    (10,262)
Ending balance – continuing operations  $-   $- 

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 6 – Inventories – held for sale

 

Inventories consist of the following:

 

   December 31,
2015
   December 31,
2014
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Supplies  $-   $18,838 
Raw materials   -    143,563 
Finished goods   -    12,301 
Less: allowance for inventory valuation   -    (18,375)
Inventories – held for sale  $-   $156,327 

 

Raw materials consist primarily of iron ore and coke at Longmen Joint Venture. The cost of finished goods includes direct costs of raw materials as well as direct labor used in production. Indirect production costs at normal capacity such as utilities and indirect labor related to production such as assembling, shipping and handling costs for purchasing are also included in the cost of inventory.

 

The Company values its inventory at the lower of cost or market, determined on a weighted average method, or net realizable value. As of December 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company had provided allowance for inventory valuation in the amounts of $0 and $18.4 million, respectively.

 

Movement of allowance for inventory valuation is as follows:

 

   December 31,
2015
   December 31,
2014
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $18,375   $15,397 
Addition   22,192    18,362 
Less: write-off   (18,115)   (15,311)
Less: inventory disposed of - Note 2(v)   (22,192)   - 
Exchange rate effect   (260)   (73)
Ending balance  $-   $18,375 

 

Note 7 – Advances on inventory purchases – held for sale

 

Advances on inventory purchases, including related party, net of allowance for doubtful accounts consists of the following:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Advances on inventory purchases  $439   $76,320 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts   (439)   (2,501)
Advances on inventory purchases – related parties   -    45,617 
Net advances on inventory purchases – held for sale  $-   $119,436 

 

Movement of allowance for doubtful accounts, including related parties, is as follows:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $2,501   $105 
Charge to expense   -    2,395 
Less recovery   (462)   - 
Less deconsolidation   (1,927)   - 
Exchange rate effect   327   1 
Ending balance  $439   $2,501 

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 8 – Plant and equipment, net – held for sale

 

Plant and equipment consist of the following:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Buildings and improvements  $21,895   $279,776 
Machinery   9,344    669,427 
Machinery under capital lease   262    626,735 
Transportation and other equipment   -    22,765 
Construction in progress   -    342,660 
Subtotal   31,501    1,941,363 
Less: accumulated depreciation   (14,908)   (398,227)
Plant and equipment, net – held for sale  $16,593   $1,543,136 

 

Longmen Joint Venture was obligated under a capital lease for the iron and steel making facilities, including one sintering machine, two converters, two blast furnaces and some auxiliary systems that expire on April 30, 2031. During 2013, Longmen Joint Venture entered into a number of capital lease agreements for energy-saving equipment installed throughout the steel production line. Longmen Joint Venture is obligated under the capital lease for the equipment upon the confirmation of the energy-saving rate between the Company and its vendors.

 

The carrying value of assets acquired under the capital lease under operations held for sale consists of the following:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Machinery  $-   $626,735 
Less: accumulated depreciation   -    (107,782)
Carrying value of leased assets – held for sale  $-   $518,953 

 

Long-lived assets, including construction in progress, are reviewed if events and changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable to determine whether their carrying value has become impaired. The Company assessed the recoverability of all of its remaining long-lived assets at December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. While such assessment did not result in any impairment charges for the year ended December 31, 2014, as the Chinese steel industry conditions continued to worsen during the six months ended June 30, 2015, which deviated from the Company’s previous anticipated industry environment improvement, the sum of the discounted cash flows expected to generate from the long-lived assets and their disposition were less than the carrying value by $973.9 million (RMB 6.0 billion). As a result, an impairment was recorded and included in operating expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2015 (see Note 2(r)). The discounted cash flows were determined using certain expected changes to the current operational assumptions using the average of three possible cash flow scenarios (see Note 2(h)). The Company reassessed the recoverability of its remaining long-lived assets at December 30, 2015, the disposal date of GS China and deemed no more additional impairment are deemed necessary.

 

Depreciation expense from operations to be disposed for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 amounted to $1.3 million and $1.1 million, respectively. Depreciation expense from operations disposed for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 amounted to $78.2 million and $94.2 million, respectively. These amounts include depreciation of assets held under capital leases for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, which amounted to $31.0 million and $31.1 million, respectively (See Notes 2(h) and 2(r)).

 

 65 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 9 – Intangible assets, net – held for sale

 

Intangible assets consist of the following:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Land use rights  $2,558   $30,726 
Mining right   -    2,447 
Software   10    1,058 
Subtotal   2,568    34,231 
Less:          
Accumulated amortization – land use rights   (535)   (9,127)
Accumulated amortization – mining right   -    (1,431)
Accumulated amortization – software   (10)   (713)
Subtotal   (545)   (11,271)
Intangible assets, net – held for sale  $2,023   $22,960 

 

The gross amount of the intangible assets amounted to $2.6 million and $34.2 million as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The remaining weighted average amortization period is 39 years as of December 31, 2015.

 

Total amortization expense from operations disposed for both of the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 amounted to $0.8 million and $0.9 million, respectively.

 

Total depletion expense from operations disposed for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 amounted to $0.2 million and $0.1 million, respectively.

 

The estimated aggregate amortization and depletion expenses for each of the five succeeding years is as follows:

 

Year ending  Estimated
amortization and
depletion expenses
   Gross carrying
amount
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
December 31, 2016  $52   $1,971 
December 31, 2017   52    1,919 
December 31, 2018   52    1,867 
December 31, 2019   52    1,815 
December 31, 2020   52    1,763 
Thereafter   1,763    - 
Total  $2,023      

 

Note 10 – Debt

 

Short-term notes payable – held for sale

 

Short-term notes payable are lines of credit extended by banks. Banks in turn issue the Company a bank acceptance note, which can be endorsed and assigned to vendors as payments for purchases. The notes payable are generally payable within three to six months. This short-term note payable is guaranteed by the bank for its complete face value. The banks do not charge interest on these notes, but usually charge a transaction fee of 0.05% of the notes value. In addition, the banks usually require the Company to deposit either a certain amount of cash at the bank as a guarantee deposit, which is classified on the balance sheet as restricted cash, or provide notes receivable as security, which are classified on the balance sheet as restricted notes receivable. Restricted cash as a guarantee for the notes payable held for sale amounted to $0 and $339.4 million as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

The Company had the following short-term notes payable held for sale as of:

 

   December 31,
2015
   December 31,
2014
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
General Steel (China): Notes payable to various banks in China, due various dates from January to June 2015. Restricted cash required of $14.7 million as of December 31, 2014; guaranteed by third parties. These notes payable were repaid on the due dates.  $-   $22,806 
Longmen Joint Venture: Notes payable to various banks in China, due various dates from January to October 2014. $324.7 million restricted cash are secured for notes payable as of December 31, 2014, some notes are further guaranteed by third parties. These notes payable were either repaid or renewed subsequently on the due dates.   -    638,829 
Total short-term notes payable – held for sale  $-   $661,635 

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Short-term loans

 

Short-term loans represent amounts due to various banks, other companies and individuals, including related parties, normally due within one year. The principal of the loans are due at maturity but can be renewed at the bank’s option. Accrued interest is due either monthly or quarterly.

 

Short term loans due to banks, related parties and other parties consisted of the following as of:

 

Due to banks – held for sale

 

   December 31,
2015
   December 31,
2014
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
General Steel (China): Loans from various banks in China, due various dates from January to August 2015. Weighted average interest rate was 7.2% per annum as of December 31, 2014; some are guaranteed by third parties. These loans were either repaid or renewed subsequently on the due dates.  $-   $40,562 
Longmen Joint Venture: Loans from various banks in China, due various dates from January to November 2015. Weighted average interest rate was 7.1% per annum as of December 31, 2014; some are guaranteed by third parties; $16.3 million restricted cash and $111.8 million notes receivable were secured for the loans as of December 31, 2014; These loans were either repaid or renewed subsequently on the due dates.   -    216,940 
Total short-term loans – bank – held for sale  $-   $257,502 

 

As of December 31, 2014, the Company had not met its financial covenants stipulated by certain loan agreements related to the Company’s debt to asset ratio. Two of General Steel (China)’s bank loans contained financial covenants stipulating debt to asset ratios below 70%. At December 31, 2014, General Steel (China)’s debt to asset ratio was 90.8%.

 

Furthermore, the Company was a party to a loan agreement with a cross default clause whereby any breach of loan covenants would automatically result in default of the loan. The outstanding balance of the short term loans affected by the above breach of covenants and cross default as of December 31, 2014 was $4.7 million. According to the Company’s short term loan agreements, the banks had the rights to request for more collateral or additional guarantees if the breach of covenant was not remedied or request early repayment of the loan if the Company did not cure such breach within a certain period of time. As of the date of this report, the Company has repaid these loans and did not received any notice from the banks to request more collateral, additional guarantees or early repayment of the short term loans due to the breach of covenant.

 

Short-term Loan - other

   December 31,
2015
   December 31,
2014
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Longmen Joint Venture: Loans from various unrelated companies and individuals, due various dates from January to September 2015, and weighted average interest rate was 5.7% per annum as of December 31, 2014. These loans were repaid on the due dates.  $-   $16,999 
Longmen Joint Venture: Loans from financing sales.   -    37,525 
Maoming Hengda: Loans from one unrelated parties and one related party, due on demand, none interest bearing.   461    6,193 
General Steel Investment Co., Ltd.: Loan from one unrelated parties, due to demand, the interest rate was 5% per annum as of December 31, 2015.   3,600    - 
Total short-term loans – others   4,061    60,717 
Less: short-term loans – others – held for sale   (461)   (60,717)
Short-term loans – others – continuing operations  $3,600   $- 

 

 67 

 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

All short term loans from unrelated companies are payable on demand and unsecured.

 

As part of its working capital management, Longmen Joint Venture entered into a number of sale and purchase back contracts ("contracts") with third party companies and Yuxin and Yuteng. According to the contracts, Longmen Joint Venture would sell rebar to the third party companies at a certain price, and within the same month, Yuxin and Yuteng would purchase back the rebar from the third party companies at a price of 4.6% to 12.0% higher than the original selling price from Longmen Joint Venture. Based on the contract terms, Longmen Joint Venture would be paid in advance for the rebar sold to the third party companies and Yuxin and Yuteng would be given a credit period of several months to one year from the third party companies. There was no physical movement of the inventory during the sale and purchase back arrangement. The margin of 4.6% to 12.0% was determined by reference to the bank loan interest rates at the time when the contracts were entered into, plus an estimated premium based on the financing sale amount, which represented the interest charged by the third party companies for financing Longmen Joint Venture through the above sale and purchase back arrangement. The revenue and cost of goods sold arising from the above transactions were eliminated and the incremental amounts paid by Yuxin and Yuteng to purchase back the goods were treated as financing costs in the consolidated financial statements.

 

Longmen Joint Venture’s total financing sales for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 amounted to $329.3 million and $922.6 million, respectively, which were eliminated in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. The financial cost related to financing sales for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 amounted to $1.5 million and $4.2 million, respectively, and classified in net loss from operation disposed in the consolidated statements of opearitons.

 

Short term loans - related parties – held for sale

 

   December 31,
2015
   December 31,
2014
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
General Steel China: Loans from Yangpu Capital Automobile, due on demand, and interest rates is 10% per annum.  $-   $670 
Longmen Joint Venture: Loan from Shaanxi Coal and Chemical Industry Group Co., Ltd., due on demand, and interest rate is 7.0% per annum.   -    128 
Longmen Joint Venture: Loans from financing sales.   -    45,582 
Total short-term loans – related parties – held for sale  $-   $46,380 

 

Long-term loans - related party – held for sale

 

   December 31,
2015
   December 31,
2014
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Longmen Joint Venture: Loans from Shaanxi Steel Group, due on various dates through March 2018 and interest rate are 5.6% - 8.0% per annum.  $-   $339,549 

 

As of December 31, 2015 and 2014, total assets used by the Company as collateral for the aforementioned debts were $0 and $96.9 million, respectively.

 

Total interest expense, net of capitalized interest, from operations disposed amounted to $55.6 million and $26.1 million for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

Capitalized interest from operations disposed amounted to $8.8 million and $11.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

Note 11 – Customer deposits – held for sale

 

Customer deposits represent amounts advanced by customers on product orders. The product normally is shipped within one month after receipt of the advance payment, and the related sale is recognized in accordance with the Company’s revenue recognition policy. As of December 31, 2015 and 2014, customer deposits held for sale amounted to $0 and $225.6 million, respectively, including deposits received from related parties, which amounted to $0 and $132.6 million, respectively.

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 12 – Deposits due to sales representatives – held for sale

 

Longmen Joint Venture entered into agreements with various entities to act as the Company’s exclusive sales agent in a specified geographic area.  These exclusive sales agents must meet certain criteria and are required to deposit a certain amount of money with the Company. In return the sales agents receive exclusive sales rights in a specified area and at discounted prices on products they order. These deposits bear no interest and are required to be returned to the sales agent once the agreement is terminated. The agreement is normally entered/or renewed on an annual basis. Termination of the agreement can be mutually agreed to by both parties at any time. The Company had $0 and $20.4 million in deposits due to sales representatives at December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively, including deposits due to related parties, held for sale which amounted to $0 and $2.5 million as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

Note 13 - Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information

 

Interest paid, net of capitalized, amounted to $9.1 million and $10.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

The Company paid income tax from operations disposed amounted to $0.2 and $0.2 million for years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

During the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company used $21.3 million and $4.2 million inventory, respectively, in plant and equipment constructions for the disposed operation.

 

The Company had $24.4 million and $2.5 million notes receivable from financing sales loans to be converted to cash as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

The Company transferred $24.9 million purchase deposits - related parties from loan receivables – related parties for the disposed operations as of December 31, 2015.

 

The Company transferred $3.6 million other payable – related parties to short-term loan – other during the year ended December 31, 2015.

 

The Company prepaid $0.5 million for consulting services through the issuance of common stocks for the year ended December 31, 2015.

 

The Company offset $2.6 million other receivables – related parties and other payables – related parties during the years ended December 31, 2015.

 

The Company incurred unpaid equity investment in Tianwu Tongyong and investment in Maoming Hengda of $56.2 million due to the disposed operations.

 

The Company issued $8.3 million in common stocks to acquire Catalon on October 23, 2015.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company had receivables of $43 thousand as a result of the disposal of equipment that has not been collected.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company converted $57 thousand of equipment into inventory productions.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company capitalized $5.9 million on energy-saving equipment under capital lease agreements.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company incurred $130.4 million accounts payable to be paid for the purchase of equipment and construction in progress.

 

The Company had $0.7 million receivable from the sale of Baotou Steel as of December 31, 2014.

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 14 - Deferred lease income – operations disposed

 

To compensate Longmen Joint Venture for costs and economic losses incurred during construction of the iron and steel making facilities owned by Shaanxi Steel, Shaanxi Steel reimbursed Longmen Joint Venture $11.4 million (RMB 70.1 million) in the fourth quarter of 2010 for the value of assets dismantled and rent under a 40-year property sub-lease that was entered into by the parties in June 2009 (the "Longmen Sub-lease"), and $29.9 million (RMB 183.1 million) for the reduced production efficiency caused by the construction. In addition, in 2010 and 2011, Shaanxi Steel reimbursed Longmen Joint Venture $14.6 million (RMB 89.5 million) and $14.6 million (RMB 89.3 million), respectively, for trial production costs related to the new equipment.

 

During the period from June 2010 to March 2011, as construction progressed and certain of the assets came online, Longmen Joint Venture used the assets free of charge to produce saleable units of steel products during this period. As such, the cost of using these assets and therefore the fair value of the free rent received was imputed with reference to what the depreciation charge would have been on these assets had they been owned or under capital lease to Longmen Joint Venture during the free use period. This cost of $7.2 million (RMB 43.9 million) each year were deferred and will be recognized over the term of the land sub-lease similar to the other charges and credits related to the construction of these assets.

 

The deferred lease income from operations disposed is amortized to income over the remaining term of the 40-year land sub-lease. For the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company recognized $2.1 million and $2.2 million, respectively. As of December 31, 2015 and 2014, the balance of deferred lease income held for sale amounted to $0 and $74.9 million, respectively, of which $0 and $2.2 million represents balance to be amortized within one year. See Note 19 – Related party transactions and balances (k) – Deferred lease income – held for sale for details.

 

Note 15 - Capital lease obligations – operations disposed

 

Iron and steel production facilities

 

On April 29, 2011, Longmen Joint Venture entered into a Unified Management Agreement with Shaanxi Steel and Shaanxi Coal under which Longmen Joint Venture used new iron and steel making facilities including one sintering machine, two converters, two blast furnaces and other auxiliary systems constructed by Shaanxi Steel. As the 20-year term of the agreement exceeded 75% of the assets’ useful lives, this arrangement was accounted for as a capital lease. The ongoing lease payments were comprised of two elements: (1) a monthly payment based on Shaanxi Steel’s cost to construct the assets of $2.3 million (RMB 14.6 million) to be paid over the term of the Unified Management Agreement of 20 years and (2) 40% of any remaining pre-tax profits from the Asset Pool which includes Longmen Joint Venture and the newly constructed iron and steel making facilities. In February 2014, Shaanxi Steel agreed that it will not demand capital lease payment from Longmen Joint Venture until February 2017. The profit sharing component did not meet the definition of contingent rent because it was based on future revenue and was therefore considered part of the financing for the capital leased assets which was related to the Unified Management Agreement. For purposes of determining the value of the leased asset and obligation at the inception of the lease, the lease liability was then reduced by the value of the profit sharing component, which was recognized as a derivative liability, which was carried at fair value. See Note 16 – “Profit sharing liability – operations disposed”.

 

Energy-saving equipment

 

During 2013 and 2014, Longmen Joint Venture entered into capital lease agreements for energy-saving equipment to be installed throughout the production chain. Under these agreements, Longmen Joint Venture used the energy-saving equipment for which the vendors were responsible for the design, purchase, installation, and on-site testing, as well as the ownership rights to the equipment during the lease periods. The lease periods, which varied between four to six years, began upon the completion of the equipment installation, testing, and the issuance of the energy-saving rate reports to be agreed upon by both the vendors and Longmen Joint Venture. As the ownership rights of the equipment transfer to Longmen Joint Venture at the end of the lease periods, these agreements were accounted for as capital leases.

 

The minimum lease payments were based on the energy cost saved during the lease periods, which was determined by the estimated annual equipment operating hours per the lease agreements. If the actual annual equipment operating hours were less than the estimated amount, the lease periods might be extended, subject to further negotiation and agreement between Longmen Joint Venture and the vendors. If the actual annual equipment operating hours exceeded the estimated amount, Longmen Joint Venture was obligated to make additional lease payments based on the additional energy cost saved during the lease period and would recognize the additional lease payments as contingent rent expense. $23.0 million (RMB $146.5) energy-saving equipment under these lease agreements had been capitalized through the date of the Company’s disposal of Longmen Joint Venture and no contingent rent expense had been incurred.

 

Interest expense for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 on the capital lease obligations from operations disposed was $20.2 million and $21.3 million, respectively.

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 16 – Profit sharing liability – operations disposed

 

The profit sharing liability component of the capital lease obligation was recognized initially at its estimated fair value at the lease commencement date and included in the initial measurement and recognition of the capital lease, in addition to the fixed payment component of the minimum lease payments. The profit sharing liability was accounted for separately from the fixed portion of the capital lease obligation (see Note 15 - “Capital lease obligation – operations disposed”) and was accounted for as a derivative instrument in accordance with ASC 815-10-15-83. The estimated fair value of the profit sharing liability was reassessed at the end of each reporting period, with any change in fair value charged or credited to income as “Change in Fair Value of Profit Sharing Liability”. As of December 30, 2015, date of disposal of GS China, the profit sharing liability was reduced to $0. See Note 2(h) – “Financial instruments” for details.

 

Payments to Shaanxi Steel for the profit sharing liability are not required until net cumulative profits are achieved. Based on the performance of the Asset Pool, no profit sharing payment was made from inception to date.

 

Note 17– Other income (expense) – operations disposed

 

Government grant

 

For the year ended December 31, 2015, Longmen Joint Venture received government grants totaling $2.1 million (RMB 12.8 million) and recognized as income. These government grants included $0.2 million from local business growth awards, $0.03 million from technology innovation award, $0.8 million from technology upgrade fund, $0.1 million from bank loan interest reimbursement, and $0.9 million from unemployment insurance grants.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2014, Longmen Joint Venture received government grants totaling $0.3 million (RMB 2.0 million) and recognized as income from the local government as reward for timely tax reporting and payment and outstanding contribution to local economic growth.

 

Lease income

 

The deferred lease income from the reimbursement from Shaanxi Steel for the net book value of the fixed assets that were demolished and for the inefficiency costs caused by the construction and loss incurred in the beginning stages of the system production is amortized to income over the remaining sub-lease term. For the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company recognized lease income of $2.1 million and $2.2 million from operation disposed, respectively.

 

Gain on deconsolidation of a subsidiary – operations disposed

 

On December 31, 2014, the Company sold its 80% equity interest of Baotou Steel held by General Steel (China) to an unrelated party for $0.7 million (RMB 4.0 million). As a result of this transaction, the Company met the criteria under ASC 810-10-40-4 to deconsolidate Baotou Steel at disposal date and recognized a gain in accordance with ASC 810-10-40-5. At the same time, Baotou Steel’s cumulative translation adjustment as of the disposal date was released to net income in accordance with ASC 830-30-40-1A. At the time of deconsolidation, the carrying value of Baotou Steel’s net deficit was $(1.8) million (RMB 11.0 million). $0.4 million (RMB 2.2 million) noncontrolling interest in Baotou Steel was deconsolidated (see Note 20 – Equity) while $0.3 million cumulative translation adjustment was released to net income. The total gain from the deconsolidation of Baotou Steel was approximately $1.8 million.

 

Note 18 – Taxes

 

Income tax

 

Significant components of the provision for income taxes on earnings and deferred taxes on net operating losses from operations disposed for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 are as follows:

 

(In thousands)  For the year ended
December 31, 2015
   For the year ended
December 31, 2014
 
Current  $603   $269 
Deferred   -    - 
Total provision for income taxes  $603   $269 
Operations disposed   (603)   (269)
Continuing operations  $-   $- 

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Under the Income Tax Laws of the PRC, General Steel (China) and Maoming Hengda (located in Guangdong province) are subject to income tax at a rate of 25%.

 

Longmen Joint Venture is located in the Mid-West region of China and as such, qualifies for the “Go-West” tax rate of 15% promulgated by the government. In 2010, the Chinese government announced that the “Go-West” tax initiative would be extended for 10 years, and thus, the preferential tax rate of 15% will be in effect until 2020. This special tax treatment for Longmen Joint Venture will be evaluated on a year-to-year basis by the local tax bureau.

 

The following table reconciles the U.S. statutory rates to the Company’s effective tax rate for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 are as follows:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
         
U.S. Statutory rates   34.0%   34.0%
Foreign income not recognized in the U.S.   (34.0)%   (34.0)%
China income tax rate   25.0%   25.0%
Effect of tax rate differential of subsidiaries/VIE   (9.1)%   (9.5)%
Effect of change in deferred tax assets valuation allowance   (15.3)%   (23.5)%
Effect of permanent difference – change in fair value of profit sharing liability   0.9%   17.5%
Effect of permanent difference – capital lease obligation for iron and steel production facilities   (1.1)%   (9.4)%
Nondeductible expenses   (0.4)%   (0.4)%
Total provision for income taxes*   0.0%   (0.3)%

 

*The negative effective tax rates for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 were mainly due to a consolidated loss before income tax while the Company provided 100% valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets at subsidiaries with losses and incurred income tax expenses in our profitable subsidiaries.

 

Deferred taxes assets – China

 

According to Chinese tax regulations, net operating losses can be carried forward to offset operating income for the next five years. The Company’s losses carried forward from operations disposed of $930.6 million will begin to expire in 2016. The Company’s losses carried forward from operations to be disposed of $4.0 million will begin to expire in 2016. The Chinese government recently announced several policies to curb the real estate price increases across the country which led to a slowdown in demand for construction steel products. Additionally due to the continued global economic slowdown and the overcapacity issues in China's steel market, management expected there would be a sustained increase in margin pressure in the next five years until all the existing but outdated steel capacity across the whole industry are eliminated. Management took into consideration this potential negative impact on average selling price and gross margin of its products, re-performed an operating forecast for the next five years and concluded that the beginning-of-the-year balance of deferred tax assets mainly relating to the net operating loss carry forward may not be fully realizable due to the reduction in the projection of income to be available in the next 5 years. Management therefore decided to provide 100% valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets. The valuation allowance for operations held for sale as of December 31, 2015 and 2014 was $4.1 million and $114.8 million, respectively. Management will review this valuation allowance periodically and make adjustments as warranted. Temporary differences represent tax and book differences in various items, such as receivable allowances, inventory allowances, impairments on fixed assets and deferred lease income.

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The movement of the deferred income tax assets arising from carried forward losses is as follows:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $-(A)  $-(A)
(Tax assets realized) net operating losses carried forward
for subsidiaries subject to a 25% tax rate
   7,140    5,064 
Effective tax rate   25%   25%
Addition (deduction) in deferred tax asset   1,785(B)   1,266(B)
Net operating losses carried forward for Longmen Joint
Venture and subsidiaries subject to a 15% tax rate
   317,027    104,313 
Effective tax rate   15%   15%
Addition in deferred tax asset   47,554(C)   15,647(C)
Temporary difference carried forward for subsidiaries subject to a 25% tax rate   (991)   2,947 
Effective tax rate   25%   25%
Addition (deduction) in deferred tax asset   (248)(D)   737(D)
Temporary difference carried forward for subsidiaries subject to a 15% tax rate   893,881    4,660 
Effective tax rate   15%   15%
Addition (deduction) in deferred tax asset   134,082(E)   699(E)
Addition in valuation allowance   (190,899)(F)   (18,337)(F)
Exchange difference   7,726(H)   (12)(H)
Total (A+B+C+D+E+F+G+H)  $-   $- 

 

Movement of valuation allowance:

 

   December 31,
2015
   December 31,
2014
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $114,820   $97,569 
Current period addition   192,182    18,951 
Current period reversal   (1,283)   (614)
Disposal and sale of subsidiaries   (299,499)   (625)
Exchange difference   (2,148)   (461)
Ending balance – held for sale  $4,072   $114,820 

 

Deferred taxes assets – U.S.

 

General Steel Holdings, Inc. was incorporated in the United States and has incurred net operating losses for income tax purposes for the year ended December 31, 2015. The net operating loss carry forwards for United States income taxes amounted to $8.0 million, which may be available to reduce future years’ taxable income. These carry forwards will expire, if not utilized, starting from 2027 through 2034. Management believes that the realization of the benefits from these losses appears uncertain due to the Company’s limited operating history and continuing losses for United States income tax purposes. Accordingly, the Company has provided a 100% valuation allowance on the deferred tax asset benefit to reduce the asset to zero. The valuation allowance as of December 31, 2015 was $2.7 million. The net change in the valuation allowance for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $1.6 million. Management will review this valuation allowance periodically and make adjustments as warranted.

 

The Company has no cumulative proportionate retained earnings from profitable subsidiaries as of December 31, 2015. Accordingly, no provision has been made for U.S. deferred taxes related to future repatriation of these earnings, nor is it practicable to estimate the amount of income taxes that would have to be provided if we concluded that such earnings will be remitted in the future.

 

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GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Value added tax

 

Enterprises or individuals who sell commodities, engage in repair and maintenance or import and export goods in the PRC are subject to a value added tax in accordance with PRC laws. The value added tax (“VAT”) standard rates are 13% to 17% of the gross sales price. A credit is available whereby VAT paid on the purchases of semi-finished products or raw materials used in the production of the Company’s finished products can be used to offset the VAT due on sales of the finished product. As of December 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company had $0 and $3.2 million in value added tax credit which are available to offset future VAT payables, respectively.

 

Sales and purchases are recorded net of VAT collected and paid as the Company acts as an agent for the government for VAT collection. VAT on sales and VAT on purchases from disposed operations amounted to $654.4 million and $635.8 million, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2015 and $852.9 million and $835.2 million, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

Taxes payable consisted of the following:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
VAT taxes payable  $-   $3,147 
Income taxes payable   -    243 
Misc. taxes   14    1,811 
Totals   14    5,201 
Less: taxes payable held for sale   -    (5,199)
Taxes payable – continuing operations  $14   $2 

 

Note 19 – Related party transactions and balances

 

Related party transactions

 

  a. Capital lease - operations disposed:

 

As disclosed in Notes 15 – “Capital lease obligations – operations disposed”, Longmen Joint Venture entered into a capital lease arrangement on April 29, 2011, with Shaanxi Coal and Shaanxi Steel, which are related parties of the Group. The following is an analysis of the leased assets under the capital lease:

 

   December 31,
2015
   December 31,
2014
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Machinery  $-   $602,878 
Less: accumulated depreciation   -    (105,001)
Carrying value of leased assets  $-   $497,877 

 

b. The following chart summarized sales to related parties from operations disposed for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

Name of related parties  Relationship  For the year
ended 
December 31,
2015
   For the year
ended 
December 31,
2014
 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Long Steel Group  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture  $76,939   $164,879 
Tianjin Dazhan Industry Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding**   1,956    - 
Shaanxi Haiyan Trade Co., Ltd  Significant influence by Long Steel Group*   45,031    40,224 
Shaanxi Shenganda Trading Co., Ltd  Significant influence by Long Steel Group   23,974    112,231 
Shaanxi Steel  Majority shareholder of Long Steel Group   304,086    2,527 
Shaanxi Coal and Chemical Industry Group Co., Ltd.  Shareholder of Shaanxi Steel   67,293    46,637 
Shaanxi Long Steel Group Baoji Steel Rolling Co., Ltd  Subsidiary of Long Steel Group   28,882    13,739 
Shaanxi Junlong Rolling Co., Ltd  Investee of Long Steel Group   -    8,883 
Tianjin Hengying Trading Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   763    - 
Tianwu General Steel International Trading Co., Ltd  Investee of Tongyong Shengyuan   273    -