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EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION - GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS INCv346815_ex32-1.htm
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EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION - GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS INCv346815_ex31-2.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION - GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS INCv346815_ex31-1.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012

 

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from __________ to __________

 

Commission File Number 001-33717

 

General Steel Holdings, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   41-2079252
(State or other Jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
Incorporation or Organization)    

  

Level 21, Tower B, Jia Ming Center

No. 27 Dong San Huan North Road

Chaoyang District, Beijing, China 100020 

 

(Address of Principal Executive Office, Including Zip Code)

 

+86(10) 5775 7691

 

(Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ¨    No  x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  ¨  No  x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  ¨   Accelerated filer ¨  

Non-accelerated filer  ¨

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

  Smaller reporting company  x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨  No  x

 

As of June 3, 2013, 54,972,432 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, were outstanding.

 

 
 

 

Table of Contents

 

    Page
Part I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Unaudited Financial Statements. 3
     
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. 3
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011. 4
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes In Deficiency. 5
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011. 6
     
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited). 7
     
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. 42
     
Item 4. Controls and Procedures. 62
     
Part II. OTHER INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings. 63
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors. 63
     
Item 6. Exhibits. 64
     
Signatures 65

 

2
 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
(In thousands)

 

   March 31,
2012
   December 31,
2011
 
ASSETS          
CURRENT ASSETS:          
Cash  $84,516   $120,016 
Restricted cash   455,501    398,216 
Notes receivable   69,373    92,910 
Restricted notes receivable   608,917    584,241 
Loans receivable - related party   63,199    - 
Accounts receivable, net   18,577    12,601 
Accounts receivable - related parties   53,056    20,593 
Other receivables, net   11,410    22,411 
Other receivables - related parties   76,052    87,679 
Inventories   360,064    297,729 
Advances on inventory purchase   97,321    63,585 
Advances on inventory purchase - related parties   76,849    20,244 
Prepaid expense and other   335    531 
Prepaid taxes   18,891    24,189 
Short-term investment   2,851    2,906 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS   1,996,912    1,747,851 
           
PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, net   1,228,772    1,257,236 
           
OTHER ASSETS:          
Advances on equipment purchase   12,780    10,420 
Investment in unconsolidated entities   904    12,840 
Long-term loan receivable - related party   2,000    - 
Long-term deferred expense   549    631 
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization   24,908    25,143 
TOTAL OTHER ASSETS   41,141    49,034 
           
TOTAL ASSETS  $3,266,825   $3,054,121 
           
LIABILITIES AND DEFICIENCY          
           
CURRENT LIABILITIES:          
Short term notes payable  $1,248,235   $1,113,504 
Accounts payable   282,613    413,345 
Accounts payable - related parties   190,063    121,828 
Short term loans - bank   318,662    253,954 
Short term loans - others   299,707    246,657 
Short term loans - related parties   82,992    15,710 
Other payables and accrued liabilities   34,461    49,538 
Other payable - related parties   95,032    28,873 
Customer deposits   80,669    90,556 
Customer deposits - related parties   57,403    68,277 
Deposit due to sales representatives   33,534    22,890 
Deposit due to sales representatives - related parties   1,236    943 
Taxes payable   5,355    11,374 
Deferred lease income, current   2,116    2,099 
Derivative liabilities   23    10 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES   2,732,101    2,439,558 
           
NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES:          
Long-term loans - related party   92,797    92,035 
Deferred lease income, noncurrent   76,524    76,425 
Capital lease obligations   314,080    306,350 
Profit sharing liability   311,358    303,233 
TOTAL NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES   794,759    778,043 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES   3,526,860    3,217,601 
           
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES          
           
DEFICIENCY:          
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 3,092,899 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011   3    3 
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 56,767,388 and 56,601,988 shares issued, 55,676,410 and 55,511,010 shares outstanding as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively   56    56 
Treasury stock, at cost, 1,090,978 shares as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011   (2,795)   (2,795)
Paid-in capital   105,059    107,940 
Statutory reserves   6,227    6,388 
Accumulated deficits   (263,867)   (229,083)
Accumulated other comprehensive income   8,751    10,200 
TOTAL GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. DEFICIENCY   (146,566)   (107,291)
           
NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS   (113,469)   (56,189)
           
TOTAL DEFICIENCY   (260,035)   (163,480)
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND DEFICIENCY  $3,266,825   $3,054,121 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3
 

  

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2012 AND 2011
(UNAUDITED)
(In thousands, except per share data)

  

   2012   2011 
         
SALES  $383,797   $501,479 
           
SALES - RELATED PARTIES   264,244    208,985 
TOTAL SALES   648,041    710,464 
           
COST OF GOODS SOLD   381,726    497,915 
           
COST OF GOODS SOLD - RELATED PARTIES   260,685    207,500 
TOTAL COST OF GOODS SOLD   642,411    705,415 
           
GROSS PROFIT   5,630    5,049 
           
SELLING, GENERAL AND  ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES   18,629    14,501 
           
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS   (12,999)   (9,452)
           
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)          
Interest income   5,556    1,063 
Finance/interest expense   (48,366)   (14,119)
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   (13)   3,552 
Loss on disposal of equipment   (119)   (397)
Income (loss) from equity investments   (43)   1,655 
Foreign currency transaction gain   385    619 
Lease income   530    452 
Other non-operating income (expense), net   (143)   305 
Other expense, net   (42,213)   (6,870)
           
LOSS BEFORE PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES AND NONCONTROLLING INTEREST   (55,212)   (16,322)
           
PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES          
Current   367    750 
Deferred   169    (3,501)
Provision (benefit) for income taxes   536    (2,751)
           
NET LOSS   (55,748)   (13,571)
           
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest   (20,964)   (4,654)
           
NET LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC.  $(34,784)  $(8,917)
           
NET LOSS  $(55,748)  $(13,571)
           
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS          
Foreign currency translation adjustments   (1,469)   1,687 
           
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS   (57,217)   (11,884)
           
Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest   (21,440)   (4,412)
           
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC.  $(35,777)  $(7,472)
           
WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF SHARES          
Basic and Diluted   55,520    54,840 
           
LOSS PER SHARE          
Basic and Diluted  $(0.63)  $(0.16)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4
 

  

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN DEFICIENCY

(UNAUDITED)

(In thousands)

  

   Preferred stock   Common stock   Treasury stock       Retained earnings / Accumulated deficits   Accumulated other         
                           Paid-in   Statutory       comprehensive   Noncontrolling     
   Shares   Par value   Shares   Par value   Shares   At cost   capital   reserves   Unrestricted   income   interest   Total 
BALANCE, December 31, 2010   3,093   $3    54,523   $55    317   $(871)  $104,970   $6,202   $(51,793)  $10,987   $51,969   $121,522 
                                                             
Net loss attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.                                           (8,917)             (8,917)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest                                                     (4,654)   (4,654)
Adjustment to special reserve                                      44                   44 
Common stock issued for compensation             241                   579                        579 
Common stock transferred by CEO for compensation                                 69                        69 
Treasury stock purchased             (397)        397    (1,127)                            (1,127)
Foreign currency translation adjustments                                                1,445    242    1,687 
                                                             
BALANCE, March 31, 2011   3,093   $3    54,367   $55    714   $(1,998)  $105,618   $6,246   $(60,710)  $12,432   $47,557   $109,203 
                                                             
Net loss attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.                                           (168,270)             (168,270)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest                                                     (101,458)   (101,458)
Adjustment to statutory reserve                                      60    (103)        608    565 
Adjustment to special reserve                                      82              128    210 
Common stock issued for compensation             547                   674                        674 
Common stock issued for debt settlement             974    1              1,441                        1,442 
Common stock transferred by CEO for compensation                                 207                        207 
Treasury stock purchased             (377)        377    (797)                            (797)
Dividend declared to noncontrolling shareholders                                                     (2,982)   (2,982)
Foreign currency translation adjustments                                                (2,232)   (42)   (2,274)
                                                             
BALANCE, December 31, 2011   3,093   $3    55,511   $56    1,091   $(2,795)  $107,940   $6,388   $(229,083)  $10,200   $(56,189)  $(163,480)
                                                             
Net loss attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.                                           (34,784)             (34,784)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest                                                     (20,964)   (20,964)
Addition to special reserve                                      264              180    444 
Usage of special reserve                                      (113)             (77)   (190)
Common stock transferred by CEO for compensation                                 138                        138 
Common stock issued for compensation             165                   124                        124 
Deconsolidation of a subsidiary                                 (3,143)   (312)             (35,943)   (39,398)
Foreign currency translation adjustments                                                (1,449)   (476)   (1,925)
                                                             
BALANCE, March 31, 2012   3,093   $3    55,676   $56    1,091   $(2,795)  $105,059   $6,227   $(263,867)  $8,751   $(113,469)  $(260,035)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5
 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2012 AND 2011
(UNAUDITED)
(In thousands)

  

   2012   2011 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:          
Net loss  $(55,748)  $(13,571)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash provided by (used in) operating activities:          
Depreciation, amortization and depletion   20,559    8,922 
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   13    (3,552)
Loss on disposal of equipment   119    397 
Bad debt allowance   5    5 
Reservation of mine maintenance fee   254    - 
Stock issued for services and compensation   262    647 
Amortization of deferred financing cost on capital lease   10,839    - 
(Income) loss from equity investments   43    (1,655)
Foreign currency transaction gain   (385)   (619)
Deferred tax assets   169    (2,730)
Deferred lease income   (530)   6,220 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities          
Notes receivable   22,048    (68,315)
Accounts receivable   (5,887)   (7,269)
Accounts receivable - related parties   (32,374)   3,591 
Other receivables   3,371    3,686 
Other receivables - related parties   (5,999)   17,436 
Inventories   (61,814)   (41,747)
Advances on inventory purchases   (36,580)   (7,451)
Advances on inventory purchases - related parties   (68,061)   (3,137)
Prepaid expense and other   32    - 
Long-term deferred expense   88    - 
Prepaid taxes   5,513    - 
Accounts payable   (104,700)   27,484 
Accounts payable - related parties   103,918    34,958 
Other payables and accrued liabilities   (5,924)   8,246 
Other payables - related parties   72,220    (14,732)
Customer deposits   (10,653)   103,096 
Customer deposits - related parties   (11,467)   (14,583)
Taxes payable   (6,355)   18,791 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   (167,024)   54,118 
           
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:          
Restricted cash   (54,126)   (4,516)
Loans to related parties   (65,359)   - 
Cash proceeds from short term investment   79    - 
Cash proceeds from sales of equipment   -    328 
Advance on equipment purchases   (2,280)   (190)
Equipment purchase and intangible assets   (8,449)   (10,912)
Effect on cash due to deconsolidating of a subsidiary   (2,977)   - 
Net cash used in investing activities   (133,112)   (15,290)
           
CASH FLOWS FINANCING ACTIVITIES:          
Payments made for treasury stock acquired   -    (1,128)
Notes receivable - restricted   (19,891)   (81,509)
Borrowings on short term notes payable   467,269    243,985 
Payments on short term notes payable   (341,435)   (169,105)
Borrowings on short term loans - bank   150,252    85,312 
Payments on short term loans - bank   (87,102)   (59,876)
Borrowings on short term loan - others   119,089    36,128 
Payments on short term loans - others   (65,486)   (44,664)
Borrowings on short term loan - related parties   85,197    - 
Payments on short term loans - related parties   (54,453)   - 
Deposits due to sales representatives   10,481    (23,771)
Deposit due to sales representatives - related parties   286    - 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   264,207    (14,628)
           
EFFECTS OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGE IN CASH   429    (161)
           
INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH   (35,500)   24,039 
           
CASH, beginning of period   120,016    65,271 
           
CASH, end of period  $84,516   $89,310 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6
 

 

GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

Note 1 – Background

 

General Steel Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated on August 5, 2002 in the state of Nevada. The Company through its 100% owned subsidiary, General Steel Investment, operates steel companies serving various industries in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”). The Company’s main operation is manufacturing and sales of steel products such as steel rebar, hot-rolled carbon and silicon sheets and spiral-weld pipes. The Company, together with its subsidiaries, majority owned subsidiaries and variable interest entity, is referred to as the “Group”.

 

On April 29, 2011, a 20-year Unified Management Agreement (“the Agreement”) was entered into between the Company, the Company’s 60%-owned subsidiary Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. (“Longmen Joint Venture”), Shaanxi Coal and Chemical Industry Group Co., Ltd. (“Shaanxi Coal”) and Shaanxi Iron and Steel Group (“Shaanxi Steel”). Shaanxi Steel is the controlling shareholder of Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd (“Long Steel Group”) which is the non-controlling interest holder in Longmen Joint Venture, and Shaanxi Coal, a state owned entity, is the parent company of Shaanxi Steel. Under the terms of the Agreement, all manufacturing machinery and equipment of Longmen Joint Venture and the $586.2 million (or approximately RMB 3.7 billion) of newly constructed iron and steel making facilities owned by Shaanxi Steel, which includes one 400m 2 sintering machine, two 1,280m 3 blast furnaces, two 120 ton converters and some auxiliary systems, are managed collectively as a single virtual asset pool (“Asset Pool”). Longmen Joint Venture manages the Asset Pool as the principal operating entity and is responsible for the daily operations of the new and existing facilities.

 

The Agreement leverages each of the parties’ operating strengths, allowing the Longmen Joint Venture to derive the greatest benefit from the cooperation and the newly constructed iron and steel making facilities. At the designed efficiency level, these new facilities are expected to contribute three million tons of crude steel production capacity per year.

 

Longmen Joint Venture pays Shaanxi Steel for the use of the newly constructed iron and steel making facilities an amount equaling the depreciation expense on the equipment constructed by Shaanxi Steel as well as 40% of the pre-tax profit generated by the Asset Pool. The remaining 60% of the pre-tax profit is allocated to Longmen Joint Venture. As a result, the Company’s economic interest in the profit generated by the Asset Pool decreased from 60% to 36%. However, the overall capacity under the management of Longmen Joint Venture has increased by three million tons, or 75%. The Agreement is also expected to improve Longmen Joint Venture’s cost structure through sustainable and steady sourcing of key raw materials and reduced transportation costs. The distribution of profit is subject to a prospective adjustment after the first two years based on each entity’s actual investment of time and resources into the Asset Pool.

 

The parties to the Agreement have agreed to establish the Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Unified Management Supervisory Committee ("Supervisory Committee") to ensure that the facilities and related resources are being operated and managed according to the stipulations set forth in the Agreement. However, the Board of Directors of Longmen Joint Venture, of which the Company holds 4 out of 7 seats, requires a simple majority vote. Therefore, the Board of Directors of Longmen Joint Venture remains the controlling decision-making body of Longmen Joint Venture and the Asset Pool.

 

The Agreement constitutes an arrangement that involves a lease which met certain of the criteria of a capital lease and therefore, the lease is accounted for as such by Longmen Joint Venture as a capital lease. See Notes 2 “Summary of significant accounting policies”, 13 “Capital lease obligations” and 14 “Profit sharing liability”.

 

Note 2 – Summary of significant accounting policies

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, they do not include all information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. The financial statements include the accounts of all directly, indirectly owned subsidiaries and the variable interest entity listed below. All material intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary to give a fair statement have been included. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year. The information included in this Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with information included in the 2011 annual report filed on Form 10-K filed on February 15, 2013.

  

7
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

  (a) Basis of presentation

 

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company reflect the activities of the following major directly owned subsidiaries: 

 

Subsidiary      Percentage
of Ownership
  
General Steel Investment Co., Ltd.  British Virgin Islands   100.0% 
General Steel (China) Co., Ltd. (“General Steel (China)”)  PRC   100.0% 
Baotou Steel – General Steel Special Steel Pipe Joint Venture Co., Ltd.  PRC   80.0% 
Yangpu Shengtong Investment Co., Ltd.  PRC   99.1% 
Tianjin Qiu Steel Investment Co., Ltd. (“Qiu Steel”)  PRC   98.7% 
Longmen Joint Venture  PRC   VIE/60.0% 
Maoming Hengda Steel Company, Ltd. (“Maoming Hengda”)  PRC   99.0% 
Tianwu General Steel Material Trading Co., Ltd (“Tianwu Joint Venture”)  PRC   60.0% 

 

  (b) Principles of consolidation – subsidiaries

  

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of the Company, its subsidiaries, its variable interest entity (“VIE”) for which the Company is the ultimate primary beneficiary, and the VIE’s subsidiaries.

 

Subsidiaries are those entities in which the Company, directly or indirectly, controls more than one half of the voting power; or has the power to govern the financial and operating policies, to appoint or remove the majority of the members of the board of directors, or to cast a majority of votes at the meeting of directors.  

 

A VIE is an entity in which the Company, or its subsidiary, through contractual arrangements, bears the risks of, and enjoys the rewards normally associated with, ownership of the entity, and therefore the Company or its subsidiary is the primary beneficiary of the entity. 

 

All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.

 

  (c) Consolidation of VIE

 

Prior to entering into the Unified Management Agreement on April 29, 2011, Longmen Joint Venture had been consolidated as the Company’s 60% direct owned subsidiary. Upon entering into the Unified Management Agreement on April 29, 2011, Longmen Joint Venture was re-evaluated by Company to determine if Longmen Joint Venture is a VIE and if the Company is the primary beneficiary.

 

Based on projected profits in this entity and future operating plans, Longmen Joint Venture ’s equity at risk is considered insufficient to finance its activities and therefore Longmen Joint Venture is considered to be a VIE.

 

The Company would be considered the primary beneficiary of the VIE if it has both of the following characteristics:

 

  a. The power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance; and
  b. The obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE.

 

A Supervisory Committee was formed during the negotiation of the Unified Management Agreement. Given there is both a Supervisory Committee and a Board with respect to Longmen Joint Venture , the powers (rights and roles) of both bodies were considered to determine which party has the power to direct the activities of Longmen Joint Venture , and by extension, whether the Company continues to have the power to direct Longmen Joint Venture ’s activities after this Supervisory Committee was formed and the significant investment in plant and equipment by owners of the Longmen Joint Venture partner, as discussed in Note 1- “Background”. The Supervisory Committee, which the Company holds 2 out of 4 seats, requires a ¾ majority vote, while the Board, which the Company holds 4 out of 7 seats, requires a simple majority vote. As the Supervisory Committee’s role is limited to supervising and monitoring management of Longmen Joint Venture and in the event there is any disagreement between the Board and the Supervisory Committee, the Board prevails, the Supervisory Committee is considered subordinate to the Board. Thus, the Board of Directors of Longmen Joint Venture continues to be the controlling decision-making body with respect to Longmen Joint Venture. The Company, which controls 60% of the voting rights of the Board of Directors, has control over the operations of Longmen Joint Venture and as such, has the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact Longmen Joint Venture ’s economic performance.

 

8
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

  

In connection with the Unified Management Agreement, the Company, Shaanxi Coal and Shaanxi Steel may provide such support on a discretionary basis or as needed in the future. See Note 2 item (d) Liquidity.

 

As discussed in Note 1 - “Background”, the Company has the obligation to absorb losses and the rights to receive benefits based on the profit allocation as stipulated by the Unified Management Agreement that are significant to the VIE. As both conditions are met, the Company is the primary beneficiary of Longmen Joint Venture and therefore, continues to consolidate Longmen Joint Venture as a VIE.

 

The Company believes that the Unified Management Agreement between Longmen Joint Venture and Shaanxi Coal is in compliance with PRC law and is legally enforceable. The Board of Directors of Longmen Joint Venture continues to be the controlling decision-making body with respect to Longmen Joint Venture. The Company, which controls 60% of the voting rights of the Board of Directors, has control over the operations of Longmen Joint Venture and as such, has the power to direct the activities of the VIE. However, PRC law and/or uncertainties in the PRC legal system could limit the Company’s ability to enforce the Unified Management Agreement, which in turn, may lead to reconsideration of the VIE assessment and the potential for a different conclusion. The Company makes ongoing assessment to determine whether Longmen Joint Venture is a VIE.

 

The carrying amount of the VIE and its subsidiaries’ consolidated assets and liabilities are as follows:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Current assets  $1,857,257   $1,674,171 
Plant and equipment, net   1,189,687    1,217,264 
Other noncurrent assets   36,069    45,836 
Total assets   3,083,013    2,937,271 
Total liabilities   (3,370,233)   (3,132,766)
Net liabilities  $(287,220)  $(195,495)

 

VIE and its subsidiaries’ liabilities consist of the following:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Current liabilities:          
Short term notes payable  $1,227,564   $1,105,570 
Accounts payable   253,936    401,158 
Accounts payable - related parties   156,738    81,403 
Short term loans - bank   277,136    209,234 
Short term loans - others   293,686    240,684 
Short term loans - related parties   31,682    15,710 
Other payables and accrued liabilities   25,819    31,249 
Other payables - related parties   85,053    20,677 
Customer deposits   75,495    84,767 
Customer deposits - related parties   49,483    66,932 
Deposit due to sales representatives   33,534    22,890 
Deposit due to sales representatives – related parties   1,236    943 
Taxes payable   4,478    5,386 
Deferred lease income - current   2,116    2,099 
Intercompany payable to be eliminated   57,518    66,021 
Total current liabilities   2,575,474    2,354,723 
           
Non-current liabilities:          
Long term loans - related parties   92,797    92,035 
Deferred lease income - noncurrent   76,524    76,425 
Capital lease obligations   314,080    306,350 
Profit sharing liability   311,358    303,233 
Total non-current liabilities   794,759    778,043 
Total liabilities of consolidated VIE  $3,370,233   $3,132,766 

 

9
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

 VIE and its subsidiaries’ statements of operations are as follows:

 

   Three months ended
March 31, 2012
   Three months ended
March 31, 2011
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Sales  $643,276   $709,305 
Gross profit  $5,275   $4,518 
Loss from operations  $(11,594)  $(7,508)
Net loss attributable to controlling interest  $(30,348)  $(10,178)

 

Longmen Joint Venture has two 100% owned subsidiaries, Yuxin Trading Co., Ltd. (“Yuxin”) and Yuteng Trading Co., Ltd. (“Yuteng”). Prior to March 1, 2012, Longmen Joint Venture had three consolidated subsidiaries, Hualong Fire Retardant Material Co., Ltd. (“Hualong”), Hancheng Tongxing Metallurgy Co., Ltd. (“Tongxing”) and Beijing Huatianyulong International Steel Trading Co., Ltd. (“Huatianyulong”), in which Longmen Joint Venture did not hold a controlling interest. On March 1, 2012, Longmen Joint Venture sold its equity interest in Tongxing, and, as of March 31, 2012, Longmen Joint Venture has two consolidated subsidiaries, Hualong and Huatianyulong, in which it does not hold a controlling interest. Hualong and Huatianyulong are separate legal entities which were established in the PRC as limited liability companies and subsequently acquired by Longmen Joint Venture in June 2007 and July 2008, respectively. Prior to and subsequent to their acquisition by Longmen Joint Venture, these two entities have been operating as self-sustaining integrated sets of activities and assets conducted and managed for the purpose of providing a return to shareholders consisting of all the inputs, processes and outputs of a business. However, these two entities do not meet the definition of variable interest entities. Further consideration was given to whether consolidation was appropriate under the voting interest model, specifically where the power of control may exist with a lesser percentage of ownership (i.e. less than 50%), for example, by contract, lease, agreement with other stockholders or by court decree.

 

Hualong

 

Longmen Joint Venture, the single largest shareholder, holds a 36.0% equity interest in Hualong. The other two shareholders, who own 34.67% and 29.33% respectively, assigned their voting rights to Longmen Joint Venture in writing at the time of the acquisition of Hualong. The voting rights have been assigned through the date Hualong ceases its business operations or the other two shareholders sell their interest in Hualong. Hualong’s main business is to supply refractory.

  

Tongxing

 

Prior to March 1, 2012, Longmen Joint Venture held a 22.76% equity interest in Tongxing while hundreds of employees of Longmen Joint Venture owned the remaining 77.24%. Each individual employee shareholder comprising the remaining 77.24% assigned its voting rights to Longmen Joint Venture in writing at the time of the acquisition of Tongxing. The voting rights assigned were effective until Tongxing ceased its business operations or Longmen Joint Venture liquidated its equity interest of Tongxing, whichever came first.

 

On March 1, 2012, Longmen Joint Venture sold its 22.76% equity interest of Tongxing to two individuals, who are the representatives from Long Steel Group. As of March 1, 2012, Tongxing had a carrying value of net assets of $40.5 million which were included in the consolidated net assets of the Company and a noncontrolling interest in Tongxing of $32.5 million. The Company retained the land use right associated with the Tongxing property adjacent to the Longmen Joint Venture facility, which had a carrying value of $3.6 million immediately prior to the transaction and relinquished its controlling interest in the remaining net assets (primarily operating assets). In connection with the transaction, the Company also settled with a payable in cash of $0.3 million and transferred the dividend receivable of $0.9 million from Tongxing to the two individuals. These arrangements meet the criteria of ASC 810-10-40-6b and 6d, deconsolidation of a Subsidiary with multiple arrangements treated as a single transaction. As the land use rights held in Tongxing have been included as part of the Company’s consolidated assets, this transaction was considered as a change in the Company’s ownership interest in the land use right similar to a change in a parent company’s ownership interest in a subsidiary in accordance with ASC 810-10-45-23 and therefore the carrying value of the land use right was not stepped up to fair value. The net impact of these transactions resulted in a reduction of $3.1 million paid-in capital.

 

10
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

  

See Note 21 “Equity” for the reconciliation of Tongxing’s noncontrolling interest.

 

Huatianyulong

 

Longmen Joint Venture holds a 50.0% equity interest in Huatianyulong and the other unrelated shareholder holds the remaining 50.0%. The other shareholder assigned its voting rights to Longmen Joint Venture in writing at the time of acquisition of Huatianyulong. The voting rights have been assigned through the date Huatianyulong ceases its business operation or the other unrelated shareholder sells its interest in Huatianyulong. Huatianyulong mainly sells imported iron ore.

 

The Company has determined that it is appropriate for Longmen Joint Venture to consolidate Hualong and Huatianyulong with appropriate recognition in the Company’s financial statements of the non-controlling interests in each entity, beginning on the acquisition dates as these were also the effective dates of the agreements with other stockholders granting a majority voting rights in each entity, and thereby, the power of control, to Longmen Joint Venture. The Company also has determined that it is appropriate for Longmen Joint Venture to consolidate Tongxing’s net income from the beginning of the acquisition date to March 1, 2012, the date on which Longmen Joint Venture relinquished its equity interest and majority voting rights in Tongxing, and thereby its power of control of Tongxing.

 

  (d) Liquidity

 

The Company’s accounts have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP on a going concern basis. The going concern basis assumes that assets are realized and liabilities are extinguished in the ordinary course of business at amounts disclosed in the financial statements. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern depends upon aligning its sources of funding (debt and equity) with the expenditure requirements of the Company and repayment of the short-term debt facilities as and when they fall due.

  

The steel business is capital intensive and as a normal industry practice in PRC, the Company is highly leveraged. Debt financing in the form of short term bank loans, loans from related parties, financing sales, bank acceptance notes, and capital leases have been utilized to finance the working capital requirements and the capital expenditures of the Company. As a result, the Company’s debt to equity ratio as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were (13.6) and (19.8), respectively. As of March 31, 2012, the Company’s current liabilities exceed current assets (excluding non-cash item) by $733.1 million. And as of June 30, 2013, the Company’s estimated current liabilities may exceed current assets (excluding non-cash item) by $777.4 million.

 

Longmen Joint Venture, as the most important subsidiary of the Company, accounted for majority of total sales of the Company. As such, the majority of the Company’s working capital needs come from Longmen Joint Venture. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern depends heavily on Longmen Joint Venture’s operations. Longmen Joint Venture has obtained different types of financial supports, which are listed below by category:

 

Line of credit

 

The Company received lines of credit from six major banks totaling $202.1 million with expiration dates ranging from April 2, 2014 to October 26, 2014.

 

Banks  Amount of
Line of Credit
(in millions)
   Repayment Date
Bank of China   19.1   August 25, 2014 to October 26, 2014
China Everbright Bank   47.7   October 8, 2014
Bank of Ningxia   23.9   September 27, 2014
Ping’an Bank   47.8   April 2, 2014
SPD Bank   15.9   May 15, 2014
Bank of Xi’an   47.7   April 7 to October 9, 2014
Total  $202.1    

 

As of the date of this report, the Company utilized $133.8 million of these lines of credit.

 

11
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

Vendor financing

 

Longmen Joint Venture signed additional vendor financing agreements, which will provide liquidity to the Company in a total amount of $477.6 million with the following companies:

 

Company  Financing period covered  Financing Amount
(in millions)
 
         
Company A – related party  January 6, 2013 – January 5, 2015  $79.6 
Company B – third party  January 6, 2013 – January 5, 2015   79.6 
Company C – third party 

October 1, 2013 – September 30, 2014

   318.4 
Total     $477.6 

 

Company A, a related party company and Company B, a third party company, are both Longmen Joint Venture’s major coke suppliers. They have been doing business with Longmen Joint Venture for years. Each company has signed a two-year agreement with Longmen Joint Venture which was effective on January 6, 2013 to finance Longmen Joint Venture for its coke purchase for a two-year period. According to the above signed agreement, both Company A and B will not demand any cash payments for next two years. As of the date of this report, our payables to Company A and Company B are approximately $61.3 million and $47.9 million, respectively.

 

As a critical business stakeholder to the Company’s Tianwu Joint Venture, Company C is a Fortune 500 Company. In October 2012, Company C signed a one year agreement which is effective and payable from October 2012 to finance Longmen Joint Venture up to $158.3 million for its iron ore purchase. In June 2013, Company C signed another one year agreement which is effective and payable from October 1, 2013 to finance Longmen Joint Venture up to $318.4 million for its iron ore purchase. According to the agreement, during the contract period, Company C agrees to provide the amount of not less than $318.4 million in iron ore to Longmen Joint Venture. During the contract term, Longmen Joint Venture is subject to a penalty of 0.05% of the daily outstanding balance owed to Company C in an event of late payment. This agreement also helps secure Company C’s iron ore sales to Longmen Joint Venture. As of the date of this report, our payable to Company C is approximately $1.2 million.

 

Financing sales

 

As part of our working capital management, Longmen Joint Venture has entered into an additional financing sales agreement with a third party company, Company D and two 100% owned subsidiaries of Longmen Joint Venture, named Yuxin Trading Co., Ltd. (“Yuxin”) and Yuteng Trading Co., Ltd. (“Yuteng”) (“financing sales”) to provide liquidity to the Company in the total amount of $79.6 million. See Note 9 for financing sales details.

 

Based on the contract terms, from December 31, 2012 until the earlier of the expiration date of the contract or December 31, 2013, the advance payment balance from Company D cannot be less than $79.6 million. The contract has been extended to December 31, 2014. The remaining financing sales balance can be paid by installment based on Longmen Joint Venture’s goods delivery volume. As of the date of this report, our payable to Company D is approximately $8.3 million.

 

Other financing

 

On January 7, 2013, Longmen Joint Venture signed a payment extension agreement with each company listed below. In total, Longmen Joint Venture can get $43.8 million in financial support from a two-year balancing payment extension granted by the following three companies:

 

Company  Financing period covered  Financing Amount
(in millions)
 
         
Company E – related party  January 7, 2013 – January 6, 2015  $15.9 
Company F – related party  January 7, 2013 – January 6, 2015   20.7 
Company G – related party  January 7, 2013 – January 6, 2015   7.2 
Total     $43.8 

 

12
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

According to the contract terms, Company E, Company F and Company G, have agreed to grant a two year payment extension in the amounts of $15.9 million, $20.7 million and $7.2 million respectively. As of the date of this report, our payables to Company E, Company F and Company G are approximately $25.6 million, $15.7 million and $16.9 million, respectively.

 

Amount due to sales representatives

 

Longmen Joint Venture entered into agreements with various entities to act as the Company’s exclusive sales agents in specified geographic areas.  These exclusive sales agents must meet certain criteria and are required to deposit a certain amount of money with the Company. In return the sales agents receive exclusive sales rights in a specified area and discounted prices on products they order. These deposits bear no interest and are required to be returned to the sales agent once the agreement is terminated. As of March 31, 2013, Longmen Joint Venture has collected a total amount of $35.2 million. Historically, this amount is quite stable and we do not expect a big fluctuation in this amount for the next twelve months from June 30, 2013 onwards.

 

With the financial support from the banks and the companies above, management is of the opinion that the Company has sufficient funds to meet its future operations, working capital requirements and debt obligations until the end of June 30, 2014. The detailed breakdown of Longmen Joint Venture’s estimated cash flows items are listed below.

 

   Cash inflow (outflow)
(in millions)
 
   For the twelve months ended
June 30, 2014
 
Current liabilities over current assets (excluding non-cash items) as of June 30, 2013 (unaudited)  $(777.4)
Projected cash financings and outflows:     
Cash provided by line of credit from banks   202.1 
Cash provided by vendor financing   477.6 
Cash provided by financing sales   79.6 
Cash provided by other financing   43.8 
Cash provided by sales representatives   35.2 
Cash projected to be used in operations in the twelve months ended June 30, 2014   (27.7)
Net projected change in cash for the twelve months ended June 30, 2014  $33.2 

 

As a result, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the period ended March 31, 2012 have been prepared on a going concern basis.

 

  (e) Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and footnotes. Significant accounting estimates reflected in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the fair value of the profit sharing liability, the useful lives of and impairment for property, plant and equipment, and potential losses on uncollectible receivables, the interest rate used in the financing sales, the fair value of the assets recorded under capital lease, the present value of the net minimum lease payments of the capital lease and the fair value of the profit share liability. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

  (f) Concentration of risks and uncertainties

 

The Company’s operations are carried out in the PRC. Accordingly, the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations may be influenced by the political, economic and legal environment in the PRC, and by the general state of the PRC’s economy. The Company’s operations in the PRC are subject to specific considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America and Western Europe. The Company’s results may be adversely affected by changes in governmental policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion and remittance abroad, and rates and methods of taxation, among other things.

 

The Company has significant exposure to the fluctuation of raw materials and energy prices as part of its normal operations. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company does not have any open commodity contracts to mitigate such risks.

 

13
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

  

Cash includes demand deposits in accounts maintained with banks within the PRC, Hong Kong and the United States. Total cash (including restricted cash balances) in these banks on March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 amounted to $540.0 million and $518.2 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2012, $7.1 million cash in the bank was covered by insurance. The Company has not experienced any losses in other bank accounts and believes it is not exposed to any risks on its cash in bank accounts.

 

The Company’s five major customers are all distributors and collectively represented approximately 45.0% and 32.3% of the Company’s total sales for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. These five major customers accounted for 48.9% and 27.2% of total accounts receivable as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. One of the five major customers accounted for more than 10% of total accounts receivable, including related parties, both as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, the Company purchased approximately 65.3% and 60.3% of its raw materials from five major suppliers, respectively. These five vendors accounted for 26.0% and 16.9% of total accounts payable as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. One of the five major suppliers individually accounted for more than 10% of total accounts payable, including related parties, as of March 31, 2012 and none of the five major suppliers individually accounted for more than 10% of total accounts payable as December 31, 2011.

 

  (g) Foreign currency translation and other comprehensive income

 

The reporting currency of the Company is the U.S. dollar. The Company’s subsidiaries in China use the local currency, Renminbi (RMB), as their functional currency. Assets and liabilities are translated at the unified exchange rate as quoted by the People’s Bank of China at the end of the period. The statement of operations accounts are translated at the average translation rates and the equity accounts are translated at historical rates. Translation adjustments resulting from this process are included in accumulated other comprehensive income in the statement of equity. Transaction gains and losses that arise from exchange rate fluctuations on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in the results of operations as incurred.

 

Translation adjustments included in accumulated other comprehensive income amounted to $8.8 million and $10.2 million as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. The balance sheet amounts, with the exception of equity at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were translated at 6.31 RMB and 6.37 RMB to $1.00, respectively. The equity accounts were stated at their historical rate. The average translation rates applied to statement of operations accounts for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were 6.30 RMB and 6.59 RMB, respectively. Cash flows are also translated at average translation rates for the periods, therefore, amounts reported on the statement of cash flows will not necessarily agree with changes in the corresponding balances on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

The PRC government imposes significant exchange restrictions on fund transfers out of the PRC that are not related to business operations. These restrictions have not had a material impact on the Company because it has not engaged in any significant transactions that are subject to the restrictions.

 

  (h) Financial instruments

 

The accounting standards regarding fair value of financial instruments and related fair value measurements defines financial instruments and requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments held by the Company. The Company considers the carrying amount of cash, short term investment, accounts receivable, other receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, to approximate their fair values because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization. For short term loans and notes payable, the Company concluded the carrying values are a reasonable estimate of fair values because of the short period of time between the origination and repayment and as their stated interest rates approximate current rates available.

  

The Company analyzes all financial instruments with features of both liabilities and equity, pursuant to which the Company’s warrants were required to be recorded as a liability at fair value and marked to market each reporting period.

 

The accounting standards define fair value, establish a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosures of fair value measurement and enhance disclosure requirements for fair value measures. The three levels are defined as follow:

 

  · Level 1 inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
  · Level 2 inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and inputs that are observable for the assets or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instruments.

 

14
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

  · Level 3 inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value.

 

On December 13, 2007, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Agreement”) with certain institutional investors issuing $40.0 million (“Notes”) and 1,154,958 warrants. The warrants can be exercised for common stock through May 13, 2013 at $13.51 per share, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments.

 

On December 24, 2009, the holders of the existing warrants of 1,154,958 shares entered into an agreement with the Company that reset the exercise price from $13.51 to $5 per share and increased the number of warrants from 1,154,958 to 3,900,871.

 

In December 2009, the Company issued an additional 2,777,778 warrants in connection with a registered direct offering.

 

The aforementioned warrants and the conversion option embedded in the Notes meet the definition of a derivative instrument in the accounting standards. Therefore these instruments are accounted for as derivative liabilities and recorded at their fair value as of each reporting period. As all of the Notes were converted to common stocks by the end of 2010, the derivative instruments include only the outstanding warrants of 6,678,649 as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The change in the value of the derivative liabilities is charged against or credited to income.  The fair value was determined using the Cox Rubenstein Binomial Model, defined in the accounting standard as Level 2 inputs, and recorded the change in earnings. See Note 12 – “Convertible notes and derivative liabilities” for the variables used in the Cox Rubenstein Binomial model.

 

The Company determined the carrying value of the profit sharing liability using Level 3 inputs by considering the present value of Longmen Joint Venture’s projected profits/losses with a discount rate of 7.3% based on the Company’s average borrowing rate. The projected profits/losses in Longmen Joint Venture were based upon, but not limited to, the following assumptions until April 30, 2031:

 

  · projected selling units and growth in the steel market
  · projected unit selling price in the steel market
  · projected unit purchase cost in the coal and iron ore markets
  · selling and general and administrative expenses to be in line with the growth in the steel market
  · projected bank borrowings

 

The following table sets forth by level within the fair value hierarchy, the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2012:

 

(in thousands)  Carrying Value as
of March 31, 2012
   Fair Value Measurements at March 31, 2012
Using Fair Value Hierarchy
 
       Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
Derivative liabilities  $23   $-   $23   $- 
Profit sharing liability   311,358    -    -    311,358 
Total  $311,381   $-   $23   $311,358 

 

We re-measured the fair value of the 40% profit sharing liability as of March 31, 2012 and the difference is immaterial in comparing to the initial value.

 

The following table sets forth by level within the fair value hierarchy the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2011:

 

(in thousands)  Carrying Value as
of December 31,
2011
   Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 20111
Using Fair Value Hierarchy
 
       Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
Derivative liabilities  $10   $-   $10   $- 
Profit sharing liability   303,233    -    -    303,233 
Total  $303,243   $-   $10   $303,233 

 

15
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

The following is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balance of the assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis for the three month ended March 31, 2012 and for the year ended December 31, 2011:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $303,243   $5,573 
Initial measurement and recognition of the 40% profit sharing liability on April 29, 2011   -    280,857 
Current period interest expense accreted   5,630    14,047 
Change of derivative liabilities charged to earnings   13    (5,563)
Exchange rate effect   2,495    8,329 
Ending balance  $311,381   $303,243 

 

Except for the derivative liabilities and profit sharing liability, the Company did not identify any other assets or liabilities that are required to be presented on the balance sheet at fair value in accordance with the accounting standard. The carrying value of the long term loans-related party approximates to its fair value as of the reporting date.

 

  (i) Plant and equipment, net

 

Plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets with a 3%-5% residual value. The depreciation expense on assets acquired under capital leases is included with depreciation expense on owned assets. The estimated useful lives are as follows:

  

Buildings and Improvements   10-40 Years  
Machinery   10-30 Years  
Machinery and equipment under capital lease   20 Years  
Other equipment   5 Years  
Transportation Equipment   5 Years  

 

The Company assesses all significant leases for purposes of classification as either operating or capital. At lease inception, if the lease meets any of the four following criteria, the Company will classify it as a capital lease; otherwise it will be treated as an operating lease: a) transfer of ownership to lessee at the end of the lease term, b) bargain purchase option, c) lease term is equal to 75% or more of the estimated economic life of the leased property, d) the present value of the minimum lease payments is 90% or more of the fair value of the leased asset.

 

Construction in progress represents the costs incurred in connection with the construction of buildings or new additions to the Company’s plant facilities. No depreciation is provided for construction in progress until such time as the assets are completed and are placed into service, maintenance, repairs and minor renewals are charged directly to expense as incurred. Major additions and betterment to buildings and equipment are capitalized. Interest incurred during construction is capitalized into construction in progress. All other interest is expensed as incurred.

 

Long lived assets, including buildings and improvements, equipment and intangible assets are reviewed if events and changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable, to determine whether their carrying value has become impaired. The Company considers assets to be impaired if the carrying value exceeds the future projected cash flows from related operations. The Company also re-evaluates the periods of depreciation and amortization to determine whether subsequent events and circumstances warrant revised estimates of useful lives.

 

16
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

  (j) Intangible assets

 

Intangible assets of the Company are reviewed at least annually, more often when circumstances require, determining whether their carrying value has become impaired. The Company considers assets to be impaired if the carrying value exceeds the future projected cash flows from related operations. The Company also re-evaluates the periods of amortization to determine whether subsequent events and circumstances warrant revised estimates of useful lives.  As of March 31, 2012, the Company expects these assets to be fully recoverable.

 

Land use rights

 

All land in the PRC is owned by the government. However, the government grants “land use rights.”  General Steel (China) acquired land use rights in 2001 for a total of $3.8 million (RMB 23.7 million). These land use rights are for 50 years and expire in 2050 and 2053. The Company amortizes the land use rights over the twenty-year business term because its business license had a twenty-year term.

 

Long Steel Group contributed land use rights for a total amount of $23.5 million (RMB 148.7 million) to the Longmen Joint Venture. The contributed land use rights are for 50 years and expire in 2048 to 2052.

 

Maoming Hengda has land use rights amounting to $2.6 million (RMB 16.6 million) for 50 years that expire in 2054.

 

Other than the land use rights that General Steel (China) acquired in 2001, the Company amortizes the land use rights over their 50 year term.

  

Entity  Original Cost   Expires on 
   (in thousands)     
General Steel (China)  $3,758    2050 & 2053 
Longmen Joint Venture  $23,549    2048 & 2052 
Maoming Hengda  $2,629    2054 

 

Mining right

 

Mining rights are capitalized at cost when acquired, including amounts associated with any value beyond proven and probable reserves, and amortized to operations as depletion expense using the units-of-production method over the estimated proven and probable recoverable tons. In October 2011, Longmen Joint Venture acquired iron ore mining right amounting to $2.3 million (RMB 14.9 million), which is amortized over the estimated recoverable reserve of 4.2 million tons.

  

  (k) Investments in unconsolidated entities

 

Entities in which the Company has the ability to exercise significant influence, but does not have a controlling interest, are accounted for using the equity method. Significant influence is generally considered to exist when the Company has an ownership interest in the voting stock between 20% and 50%, and other factors, such as representation on the Board of Directors, voting rights and the impact of commercial arrangements, are considered in determining whether the equity method of accounting is appropriate. The Company accounts for investments with ownership less than 20% using the cost method.

  

Longmen Joint Venture and its previously consolidated subsidiary prior to March 1, 2012,Tongxing, invested in several companies from 2003 to 2007. Tongxing, along with its investments in Shaanxi Daxigou Mining Co., Ltd, Huashan Metallurgical Equipment Co., Ltd, and Shaaxi Long Steel Group Baoji Steel Rolling Co., Ltd were deconsolidated from the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of March 1, 2012. The table below summarizes Longmen Joint Venture and Tongxing’s investment holdings as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

Unconsolidated entities 

Year

acquired

   March 31, 2012
Net investment
(In thousands)
  

Owned

%

   December 31,
2011
Net investment
(In thousands)
   Owned
%
 
Shaanxi Daxigou Mining Co., Ltd   2004   $-    -   $8,304    22.1 
Huashan Metallurgical Equipment Co.,  Ltd.   2003    -    -    3,067    25.0 
Shaanxi Long Steel Group Baoji Steel Rolling Co., Ltd   2003    -    -    428    25.0 
Xian Delong Powder Engineering Materials Co., Ltd.   2007    904    24.1    1,041    27.0 
Total       $904        $12,840      

 

17
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

Total investment loss in unconsolidated subsidiaries amounted to $0.04 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012, and total investment income in unconsolidated subsidiaries amounted to $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011, respectively, which is included in “Income (loss) from equity investments” in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

 

  (l) Recently issued accounting pronouncements

 

In February 2013, the FASB issued an accounting standards update ("ASU") No. 2013-02 "Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income," requiring new disclosures for items reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income ("AOCI"), including (1) changes in AOCI balances by component and (2) significant items reclassified out of AOCI. The guidance does not amend any existing requirements for reporting net income or OCI in the financial statements. The standards update was effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012, to be applied prospectively. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this standard on its consolidated financial statements. As this guidance only requires expanded disclosures, the adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company's unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2013, the FASB issued an accounting standards update (“ASU”) No. 2013-05 “Foreign Currency Matters (Topic 830): Parent’s Accounting for the Cumulative Translation Adjustment upon Derecognition of Certain Subsidiaries or Groups of Assets within a Foreign Entity or of an Investment in a Foreign Entity,’ requiring the release of the cumulative translation adjustment into net income when a parent either sells a part or all of its investment in a foreign entity or no longer holds a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary or group of assets that is a nonprofit activity or a business within a foreign entity. The standards update is effective prospectively for fiscal years and interim reporting periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2013. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance will have a significant impact on the Company's unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

  (m) Reclassifications

 

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. These reclassifications have no effect on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and cash flows.

 

Note 3 – Loans receivable – related parties

 

Loans receivable – related parties represents amounts the Company expects to collect from related parties upon maturity.

 

The Company had the following loans receivable – related party due within one year as of:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Loans to Long Steel Group; due dates various from July to August 2012; interest rate was 6.10%. At the end of the loan period, both parties agreed to extend the loan to be due on demand and non-interest bearing.  $63,199   $- 
Total loans receivable – related party  $63,199   $- 

 

The Company had the following long-term loan receivable – related party as of:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Loan to Teamlink Investment Co., Ltd.; due in December 2013; interest rate was 4.75%  $2,000   $- 
Total long-term loan receivable – related party  $2,000   $- 

 

18
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

See Note 20 “Related party transactions and balances” for the nature of the relationship of related parties.

  

Total interest income for the loans amounted to $0.9 million and $0 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

Note 4 – Accounts receivable (including related parties), net

 

Accounts receivable, including related party receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts consists of the following:  

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Accounts receivable  $20,602   $14,624 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts   (2,025)   (2,023)
Accounts receivable – related parties   53,056    20,593 
Net accounts receivable  $71,633   $33,194 

 

 

Movement of allowance for doubtful accounts is as follows:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $2,023   $296 
Charge to expense   -    1,972 
Less: write-off   -    (284)
Exchange rate effect   2    39 
Ending balance  $2,025   $2,023 

 

Note 5 – Inventories

 

Inventories consist of the following:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Supplies  $22,035   $20,869 
Raw materials   276,931    279,041 
Finished goods   74,528    35,962 
Less: allowance for inventory valuation   (13,430)   (38,143)
Total inventories  $360,064   $297,729 

 

Raw materials consist primarily of iron ore and coke at Longmen Joint Venture. The cost of finished goods includes direct costs of raw materials as well as direct labor used in production. Indirect production costs at normal capacity such as utilities and indirect labor related to production such as assembling, shipping and handling costs for purchasing are also included in the cost of inventory.

 

The Company values its inventory at the lower of cost or market, determined on a weighted average method, or net realizable value. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company had provided allowance for inventory valuation in the amounts of $13.4 million and $38.1 million, respectively.

 

Movement of allowance for inventory valuation is as follows:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $38,143   $- 
Addition   13,464    37,512 
Less: write-off   (38,556)   - 
Exchange rate effect   379    631 
Ending balance  $13,430   $38,143 

 

Note 6 – Advances on inventory purchases

 

Advances on inventory purchases are monies deposited or advanced to outside vendors or related parties on future inventory purchases. Most of the Company’s vendors require a certain amount of money to be deposited with them as a guarantee that the Company will complete its purchases on a timely basis.

 

19
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

This amount is refundable and bears no interest. The Company has legally binding contracts with its vendors, which require the deposit to be returned to the Company or netted against accounts payable due to its vendors to the extent there are unpaid balances when the contract ends. The inventory is normally delivered within one month after the monies have been advanced. The total outstanding amount, including advances to related parties, was $174.2 million and $83.8 million as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

 

Note 7 – Plant and equipment, net

 

Plant and equipment consist of the following:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Buildings and improvements  $182,925   $181,644 
Machinery   603,931    623,162 
Machinery under capital lease   586,224    581,413 
Transportation and other equipment   18,431    18,132 
Construction in progress   9,035    8,203 
Subtotal   1,400,546    1,412,554 
Less: accumulated depreciation   (171,774)   (155,318)
Total  $1,228,772   $1,257,236 

 

Construction in progress consisted of the following as of March 31, 2012:

 

Construction in progress  Value   Completion 
description  (In thousands)   date 
Thousands tons gas tank piping transformation  $ 751   May 2012 
8 Thousands tons gas tank pressure motor and room   167    May 2012 
Steelmaking system transformation   96    June 2012 
Project materials   7,494      
Others   527      
Total  $9,035      

  

The Group is obligated under a capital lease for new iron and steel making facilities, including one sintering machine, two converters, two blast furnaces and some auxiliary systems that expire on April 30, 2031. The carrying value of assets acquired under the capital lease consists of the following:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Machinery  $586,224   $581,413 
Less: accumulated depreciation   (25,525)   (18,411)
Carrying value of leased assets  $560,699   $563,002 

  

Long lived assets, including construction in progress are reviewed if events and changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable, to determine whether their carrying value has become impaired. General Steel (China) leases facility to Tianjin Daqiuzhuang Steel Plates Co., Ltd. (“Lessee”) including approximately 776,078 square feet of workshops, land, equipment and other facilities, which amounted to RMB 215.8 million ($34.2 million). The term of the original lease is from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2011 and the monthly base rental rate due to General Steel (China) is approximately $0.3 million (RMB 1.7 million). On July 28, 2011, General Steel (China) signed a supplemental agreement with the lessee to extend the lease for an additional five years to December 31, 2016. However, due to current steel market conditions, the lessee has informed the Company that they did not plan to lease the assets after June 30, 2012 and will terminate the supplemental agreement early. There was no penalty for early termination of the lease.

 

The Company assessed the recoverability of all of its remaining long lived assets at March 31, 2012 and such assessment did not result in any other impairment charges for the period ended March 31, 2012.

 

20
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

   

Depreciation expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 amounted to $20.1 million and $8.7 million, respectively. These amounts include depreciation of assets held under capital leases for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, which amounted to $7.0 million and $0, respectively.

 

Note 8 – Intangible assets, net

 

Intangible assets consist of the following:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Land use rights  $29,936   $29,685 
Mining right   2,326    2,338 
Software   689    685 
Subtotal   32,951    32,708 
Less:          
Accumulated amortization – land use rights   (6,811)   (6,442)
Accumulated amortization – mining right   (893)   (822 
Accumulated amortization – software   (339)   (301)
Subtotal   (8,043)   (7,565)
Intangible assets, net  $24,908   $25,143 

 

The gross amount of the intangible assets amounted to $33.0 million and $32.7 million as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. The remaining weighted average amortization period is 35.0 years as of March 31, 2012.

 

Total amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 amounted to $0.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively.

 

Total depletion expense for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 amounted to $0.06 million and $0, respectively.

 

The estimated aggregate amortization and depletion expenses for each of the five succeeding years is as follows:

 

Year ending  Estimated
amortization and
depletion expenses
   Gross carrying
amount
 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
March 31, 2013  $1,657    23,251 
March 31, 2014   1,657    21,594 
March 31, 2015   1,657    19,937 
March 31, 2016   1,657    18,280 
March 31, 2017   1,657    16,623 
Thereafter   16,623    - 
Total  $24,908      

 

Note 9 – Debt

 

Short-term notes payable

 

Short-term notes payable are lines of credit extended by banks. Banks in turn issue the Company a bank acceptance note, which can be endorsed and assigned to vendors as payments for purchases. The notes payable are generally payable within three to six months. This short-term note payable is guaranteed by the bank for its complete face value. The banks do not charge interest on these notes, but usually charge a transaction fee of 0.05% of the notes value. In addition, the banks usually require the Company to deposit either a certain amount of cash at the bank as a guarantee deposit, which is classified on the balance sheet as restricted cash, or provide notes receivable as security, which are classified on the balance sheet as restricted notes receivable. Restricted cash as a guarantee for the notes payable amounted to $440.0 million and $363.3 million as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. Restricted notes receivable as a guarantee for the notes payable amounted to $401.4 million and $451.1 million as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

 

21
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

  

The Company had the following short-term notes payable as of:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
General Steel (China): Notes payable to various banks in China, due June 2012 and February 2013. Restricted cash required of $14.3 million and $7.9 million as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively; guaranteed by third parties. These notes payable were either repaid or renewed subsequently on the due dates.  $20,671   $7,934 
Longmen Joint Venture: Notes payable to various banks in China, due various dates from April to September 2012. $425.7 million restricted cash and $401.4 million notes receivable are secured for notes payable as of March 31, 2012, and comparatively $355.4 restricted cash and $451.1 million notes receivable secured as of December 31, 2011, respectively; some notes are further guaranteed by third parties while others are secured by equipment and land use rights. These notes payable were either repaid or renewed subsequently on the due dates.   1,227,564    1,105,570 
Total short-term notes payable  $1,248,235   $1,113,504 

 

Short-term loans

 

Short-term loans represent amounts due to various banks, other companies and individuals, including related parties, normally due within one year. The principal of the loans are due at maturity but can be renewed at the bank’s option. Accrued interest is due either monthly or quarterly.

 

Short term loans due to banks, related parties and other parties consisted of the following as of:

 

Due to banks

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
General Steel (China): Loans from various banks in China, due various dates from April to December 2012. Weighted average interest rate was 7.5% per annum; some are guaranteed by third parties while others are secured by equipment and inventory. These loans were either repaid or renewed subsequently on the due dates.  $41,526   $43,149 
Longmen Joint Venture: Loans from various banks in China, due various dates from April to December 2012. Weighted average interest rate was 6.6% per annum; some are guaranteed by third parties, restricted cash or notes receivables while others are secured by equipment, buildings, land use right and inventory. These loans were either repaid or renewed subsequently on the due dates.   277,136    209,234 
Tianwu: Loans from Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Limited, due date various from March to August 2012. Interest rate was 5% additional to standard bank interest rate, and secured by accounts receivables. These loans were repaid in the first quarter of 2012.   -    1,571 
Total short-term loans - bank  $318,662   $253,954 

 

As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company has not met its financial covenant stipulated by certain loan agreements related to the Company’s debt to asset ratio. Based on the financial covenant, the Company should keep its debt to asset ratio below 85%, however, as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company's debt to asset ratio was 108.0% and 105.4%, respectively.

 

22
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

 

Furthermore, the Company is party to a loan agreement with a cross default clause whereby any breach of loan covenants will automatically result in default of the loan. The outstanding balances of the short term loans affected by the above breach of covenant and cross default as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were $12.7 million and $12.6 million, respectively. According to the Company’s short term loan agreements, the banks have the rights to request for more collateral or additional guarantees if the breach of covenant is not remedied or request early repayment of the loan if the Company does not cure such breach within a certain period of time. As of the date of this report, the Company has not received any notice from the banks to request more collateral, additional guarantees or early repayment of the short term loans due to the breach of covenant.

 

Due to unrelated parties

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Longmen Joint Venture: Loans from various unrelated companies and individuals, due various dates from April to October 2012, and weighted average interest rate was 6.6% per annum. These loans were either repaid or renewed subsequently on the due dates.  $104,227   $143,102 
Longmen Joint Venture: Loans from financing sales.   189,458    97,583 
Maoming Hengda: Loans from one unrelated parties and one related party, due on demand, none interest bearing.   6,022    5,972 
Total short-term loans – others  $299,707   $246,657 

  

The Company had various loans from unrelated companies amounting to $299.7 million and $246.7 million as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. Of the $299.7 million, $6.0 million loans carry no interest, $189.5 million of financing sales are subject to interest rates ranging between 2.0% and 5.8%, and the remaining $104.2 million are subject to interest rates ranging from 5.0% to 8.3%. All short term loans from unrelated companies are payable on demand and unsecured.

 

As part of its working capital management, Longmen Joint Venture has entered into a number of sale and purchase back contracts ("contracts") with third party companies and Yuxin and Yuteng. According to the contracts, Longmen Joint Venture sells rebar to the third party companies at a certain price, and within the same month, Yuxin and Yuteng will purchase back the rebar from the third party companies at a price of 2.0% to 5.8% higher than the original selling price from Longmen Joint Venture. Based on the contract terms, Longmen Joint Venture is paid in advance for the rebar sold to the third party companies and Yuxin and Yuteng are given a credit period of several months to one year from the third party companies. There is no physical movement of the inventory during the sale and purchase back arrangement. The margin of 2.0% to 5.8% is determined by reference to the bank loan interest rates at the time when the contracts are entered into, plus an estimated premium based on the financing sale amount, which represents the interest charged by the third party companies for financing Longmen Joint Venture through the above sale and purchase back arrangement. The revenue and cost of goods sold arising from the above transactions are eliminated and the incremental amounts paid by Yuxin and Yuteng to purchase back the goods are treated as financing costs in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Total financing sales for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 amounted to $144.2 million and $159.7 million, respectively, which are eliminated in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. The financial cost related to financing sales for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, accounted to $1.2 million and $1.6 million, respectively.

  

Short term loans due to related parties

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Longmen Joint Venture: Loans from Tianjin Hengying Trading Co., Ltd, due in April 2012, and interest rate was 5.2% per annum. This loan was repaid subsequently on the due date.  $15,840   $15,710 
Baotou Steel: Loans from Tianjin Hengying Trading Co., Ltd., due on demand, and interest rate is 10% per annum.   5,075    - 
General Steel China:Loans from Tianjin Hengying Trading Co., Ltd., due on demand, and interest rate is 10% per annum.   18,795    - 
General Steel China:Loans from Tianjin Dazhan Industry Co, Ltd., due on demand, and interest rate is 10% per annum.   24,674    - 
General Steel China:Loans from Beijing Shenhua Xinyuan Metal Materials Co., Ltd., due on demand, and interest rate is 10% per annum.   1,356    - 
General Steel China:Loans from Yangpu Capital Automobile, due on demand, and interest rate is 10% per annum.   1,410    - 
Longmen Joint Venture: Loans from financing sales.   15,842    - 
Total short-term loans - related parties  $82,992   $15,710 

  

23
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

Long-term loans due to related party

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Longmen Joint Venture: Loans from Shaanxi Steel Group, due various dates from July 2013 to November 2015 and interest rates are 5.6% - 5.9% per annum  $92,797   $92,035 
Total long-term loans - related party  $97,797   $92,035 

  

As of March 31, 2012, the total assets used by the Company as collateral were $67.6 million for the aforementioned debts.

 

Total interest expense, net of capitalized interest, amounted to $48.4 million and $14.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

Capitalized interest amounted to $0.03 million and $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

Note 10 – Customer deposits

 

Customer deposits represent amounts advanced by customers on product orders. The product normally is shipped within one month after receipt of the advance payment, and the related sale is recognized in accordance with the Company’s revenue recognition policy. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, customer deposits amounted to $138.1 million and $158.8 million, respectively, including deposits received from relate parties, which amounted to $57.4 million and $68.3 million, respectively

 

Note 11 – Deposits due to sales representatives

 

Longmen Joint Venture entered into agreements with various entities to act as the Company’s exclusive sales agent in a specified geographic area.  These exclusive sales agents must meet certain criteria and are required to deposit a certain amount of money with the Company. In return the sales agents receive exclusive sales rights in a specified area and at discounted prices on products they order. These deposits bear no interest and are required to be returned to the sales agent once the agreement is terminated. The agreement is normally entered/or renewed on an annual basis. Termination of the agreement can be mutually agreed to by both parties at any time. The Company had $34.8 million and $23.8 million in deposits due to sales representatives, including deposits due to related parties, as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

 

Note 12 – Convertible notes and derivative liabilities

 

The Company has 3,900,871 warrants outstanding in connection with the $40 million convertible notes issued in 2007, which expire on May 13, 2013 and 2,777,778 warrants outstanding in connection with a registered direct offering in 2009, which expire on June 24, 2012. The aforementioned warrants met the definition of a derivative instrument in the accounting standards and are recorded at their fair value on each reporting date. The change in the value of the derivative liabilities is charged against or credited to income each period.

 

The fair value of the warrants as of March 31, 2012 was calculated using the Cox Rubenstein Binomial model based on the following variables:

 

   2007 Warrants   2009 Warrants 
Expected volatility   65%   80%
Expected dividend yield   0%   0%
Risk-free interest rate   0.21%   0.07%
Expected lives   1.12 years    0.23years
Market price  $1.05   $1.05 
Strike price  $5.00   $5.00 

 

24
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

The fair value of the warrants as of December 31, 2011 was calculated using the Cox Rubenstein Binomial model based on the following variables:

 

   2007 Warrants   2009 Warrants 
Expected volatility   55%   50%
Expected dividend yield   0%   0%
Risk-free interest rate   0.17%   0.24%
Expected lives   1.37 years    0.48 years 
Market price  $0.99   $0.99 
Strike price  $5.00   $5.00 

 

As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, derivative liabilities amounted to $23.1 thousand and $10.2 thousand, respectively.

 

The Company has the following warrants outstanding:

 

Outstanding as of December 31, 2011   6,678,649 
Granted   - 
Forfeited   - 
Exercised   - 
Outstanding as of March 31, 2012   6,678,649 

 

   Exercise Price   Quantity   Remaining Contractual
Life
(Years)
 
Outstanding and exercisable warrants issued in 2007  $5.00    3,900,871    1.12 
Outstanding and exercisable warrants issued in 2009  $5.00    2,777,778    0.23 

 

Note 13 - Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information

 

Interest paid, net of capitalized, amounted to $7.5 million and $4.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

The Company paid income tax amounted to $0.1 million and $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2012, one of the Company’s unconsolidated entities declared dividend and the Company was entitled for the dividend amounted to $0.1 million, which was not yet collected.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2012, the Company sold its 22.76% equity interest of Tongxing at carrying value of $8.0 million to two individuals who are representatives from Long Steel Group, a related party. In connection with this transaction, the Company received a land use rights from Tongxing at carrying value for $3.6 million and settled with a payable in cash of $0.3 million that the Company has not been paid. In addition, the Company determined that dividend receivables of $0.9 million will be transferring to the two individuals and will not be collected from Tongxing after these transactions.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2012, the Company converted $48.1 million of our accounts payable and other payables from our related parties to short term loans upon the execution of the loan agreements.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2012, the Company offset $11.5 million of advance on inventory purchases to related parties as short-term loan repayments.

  

25
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2011, the Company recognized $13.8 million of deferred lease income in related to other receivables – related parties that have not been collected.

 

Other receivables – related parties from Shaanxi Steel of $59.3 was offset with short-term loans due to the same related party as of March 31, 2011.

 

Note 14 - Deferred lease income

 

To compensate the Group for costs and economic losses incurred during construction of the new iron and steel making facilities owned by Shaanxi Steel, Shaanxi Steel reimbursed Longmen Joint Venture $11.1 million (RMB 70.1 million) in the fourth quarter of 2010 for the value of assets dismantled and rent under a 40-year property sub-lease that was entered into by the parties in June 2009 (the "Longmen Sub-lease"), and $29.0 million (RMB 183.1 million) for the reduced production efficiency caused by the construction. In addition, in 2010 and 2011, Shaanxi Steel reimbursed Longmen Joint Venture $14.2 million (RMB 89.5 million) and $14.2 million (RMB 89.3 million), respectively, for trial production costs related to the new equipment.

 

During the period from June 2010 to March 2011, as construction progressed and certain of the assets came online, Longmen Joint Venture used the assets free of charge to produce saleable units of steel products during this period. As such, the cost of using these assets and therefore the fair value of the free rent received was imputed with reference to what the depreciation charge would have been on these assets had they been owned or under capital lease to Longmen Joint Venture during the free use period. This cost of $7.0 million (RMB 43.9 million) each year were deferred and will be recognized over the term of the land sub-lease similar to the other charges and credits related to the construction of these assets.

 

The deferred lease income is amortized to income over the remaining term of the 40-year land sub-lease. For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, the Company recognized $0.5 million in each period. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the balance of deferred lease income amounted to $78.6 million and $78.5 million, respectively, of which $2.1 million and $2.1 million represents balance to be amortized within one year.

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $78,524   $57,591 
Add: Reimbursement for trial production cost   -    14,042 
Add: Deferred depreciation cost during free use period   -    6,904 
Less: Lease income realized   (530)   (2,008)
Exchange rate effect   646    1,995 
Ending balance   78,640    78,524 
Current portion   (2,116)   (2,099)
Noncurrent portion  $76,524   $76,425 

 

Note 15 - Capital lease obligations

 

On April 29, 2011, the Company’s subsidiary, Longmen Joint Venture entered into a Unified Management Agreement with Shaanxi Steel and Shaanxi Coal under which Longmen Joint Venture uses new iron and steel making facilities including one sintering machine, two converters, two blast furnaces and other auxiliary systems constructed by Shaanxi Steel. As the 20-year term of the agreement exceeds 75% of the assets’ useful lives, this arrangement is accounted for as a capital lease. The ongoing lease payments are comprised of two elements: (1) a monthly payment based on Shaanxi Steel’s cost to construct the assets of $2.3 million (RMB14.6 million) to be paid over the term of the Unified Management Agreement of 20 years and (2) 40% of any remaining pre-tax profits from the Asset Pool which includes Longmen Joint Venture and the newly constructed iron and steel making facilities. In October 2012, Shaanxi Steel agreed that it will not demand capital lease payment from Longmen Joint Venture until October 2014. The profit sharing component does not meet the definition of contingent rent because it is based on future revenue and is therefore considered part of the financing for the capital leased assets which is related to the Unified Management Agreement. For purposes of determining the value of the leased asset and obligation at the inception of the lease, the lease liability is then reduced by the value of the profit sharing component, which is recognized as a separate financial liability carried at fair value. See Note 16 – “Profit sharing liability”.

 

26
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

Presented below is a schedule of estimated minimum lease payments on the capital lease obligation as well as payments for the profit sharing liability for the next five years as of March 31, 2012:

 

Year ending  Capital Lease Obligation
Minimum Lease Payments
   Capital Lease Obligation
Profit (Loss) Sharing
   Total 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
March 31, 2013  $-   $-   $- 
March 31, 2014   -    -    - 
March 31, 2015   109,062    -    109,062 
March 31, 2016   27,846    -    27,846 
March 31, 2017   27,846    -    27,846 
Thereafter   392,159    861,225    1,253,384 
Total minimum lease payments   556,913    861,225    1,418,138 
Less: amounts representing interest   (242,833)   (549,867)   (792,700)
Ending balance  $314,080   $311,358   $625,438 

 

Longmen Joint Venture does not expect to make payments on the profit sharing payment until year 2021 when Longmen Joint Venture will start to generating accumulated profit after recovering from the previous years’ losses.

 

Interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2012 on the minimum lease payments were $5.2 million and on the profit sharing liabilities were $5.6 million.

  

Note 16 – Profit sharing liability

 

The profit sharing liability is recognized initially at its estimated fair value at the lease commencement date and included in the initial measurement and recognition of the capital lease in addition to the fixed payment component of the minimum lease payments. Subsequently, this financial instrument is accounted for separately from the lease accounting (Note 15- “Capital lease obligations”). The initial fair value of the expected payments under the profit sharing component of the Unified Management Agreement is amortized over the term of the agreement using the effective interest method. The value of the profit sharing liability will be reassessed each reporting period with any change in fair value accounted for on a prospective basis. Refer to Note 1(h) – “Financial instruments” for details.

 

Based on the performance of the Asset Pool, no profit sharing payment was made for the three months ended March 31, 2012. Payments to Shaanxi Steel for the profit sharing are made based on net cumulative profits.

 

Note 17 – Other income (expense)  

   

Lease income

 

The deferred lease income from the reimbursement from Shaanxi Steel for the net book value of the fixed assets that were demolished and for the inefficiency costs caused by the construction and loss incurred in the beginning stages of the system production is amortized to income over the remaining sub-lease term. For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, the Company recognized lease income of $0.5 million and $0.5 million, respectively.

 

Note 18 – Taxes

 

Income tax

 

Significant components of the provision for income taxes on earnings and deferred taxes on net operating losses from operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 are as follows:

  

(In thousands)  March 31, 2012   March 31, 2011 
Current  $367   $750 
Deferred   169    (3,501)
Total provision (benefit) for income taxes  $536   $(2,751)

 

27
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

Under the Income Tax Laws of the PRC, General Steel (China), Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture (located in Inner Mongolia province), Maoming Hengda (located in Guangdong province) and Tianwu Joint Venture (located in Tianjin Port Free Trade Zone) are subject to income tax at a rate of 25%.

 

Longmen Joint Venture is located in the Mid-West region of China and as such, qualifies for the “Go-West” tax rate of 15% promulgated by the government. In 2010, the Chinese government announced that the “Go-West” tax initiative would be extended for 10 years, and thus, the preferential tax rate of 15% will be in effect until 2020. This special tax treatment for Longmen Joint Venture will be evaluated on a year-to-year basis by the local tax bureau.

  

Deferred taxes assets – China

  

According to Chinese tax regulations, net operating losses can be carried forward to offset operating income for the next five years. The Group’s losses carried forward of $253.9 million will begin to expire in 2014. Originally, management believed the deferred tax asset is fully realizable. After the filing of the 2010 Form 10-K/A, management reevaluated the Company's future operating forecast based on the current steel market condition. The Chinese government recently announced several policies to curb the real estate price increases across the country which led to a slowdown in demand for construction steel products. Additionally due to the continued global economic slowdown and the overcapacity issues in China's steel market, management expected there would be a sustained increase in margin pressure in the next five years until all the existing but outdated steel capacity across the whole industry are eliminated. Management took into consideration this potential negative impact on average selling price and gross margin of its products, re-performed an operating forecast for the next five years and concluded that the beginning-of-the-year balance of deferred tax assets mainly relating to the net operating loss carry forward may not be fully realizable due to the reduction in the projection of income to be available in the next 5 years. Management therefore decided to provide 100% valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets. The valuation allowance as of March 31, 2012 was $54.9 million. Management will review this valuation allowance periodically and make adjustments as warranted. Temporary differences, representing tax and book differences in various items, such as receivable allowances, inventory allowances, impairments on fixed assets and deferred lease income, have been reclassified from the net operating losses carried forward for the year ended December 31, 2011 to conform with the 2012 presentation.

  

The movement of the deferred income tax assets arising from carried forward losses is as follows:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $167(A)  $15,301(A)
(Tax assets realized) net operating losses carried forward
for subsidiaries subject to a 25% tax rate
   696    912 
Effective tax rate   25%   25%
Addition in deferred tax asset   174(B)   228(B)
Net operating losses carried forward for Longmen Joint
Venture and subsidiaries subject to a 15% tax rate
   5,147    143,180 
Effective tax rate   15%   15%
Addition in deferred tax asset   772(C)   21,477(C)
Temporary difference carried forward for subsidiaries subject to a 25% tax rate   3,001    6,112 
Effective tax rate   25%   25%
Addition in deferred tax asset   750(D)   1,528(D)
Temporary difference carried forward for subsidiaries subject to a 15% tax rate   35,418    58,611 
Effective tax rate   15%   15%
Addition (deduction) in deferred tax asset   5,313(E)   8,792(E)
(Addition) reversal in valuation allowance   (7,194)(F)   (46,914)(F)
Deconsolidation of Tongxing   (216)(G)   -(G)
Exchange difference   234(H)   (245)(H)
Total (A+B+C+D+E+F+G+H)  $-   $167 

  

28
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

Movement of valuation allowance:

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $47,703   $- 
Current period addition   7,194    46,914 
Current period reversal   -    - 
Deconsolidation of Tongxing   (216)     
Exchange difference   198    789 
Ending balance  $54,879   $47,703 

  

Deferred taxes assets – U.S.

 

General Steel Holdings, Inc. was incorporated in the United States and has incurred net operating losses for income tax purposes for the three months ended March 31, 2012. The net operating loss carry forwards for United States income taxes amounted to $1.7 million, which may be available to reduce future years’ taxable income. These carry forwards will expire, if not utilized, through 2031. Management believes that the realization of the benefits from these losses appears uncertain due to the Company’s limited operating history and continuing losses for United States income tax purposes. Accordingly, the Company has provided a 100% valuation allowance on the deferred tax asset benefit to reduce the asset to zero. The valuation allowance as of March 31, 2012 was $0.6 million. The net change in the valuation allowance for the three months ended March 31, 2012 was $0. Management will review this valuation allowance periodically and make adjustments as warranted.

 

Value added tax

 

Enterprises or individuals who sell commodities, engage in repair and maintenance or import and export goods in the PRC are subject to a value added tax in accordance with PRC laws. The value added tax (“VAT”) standard rates are 13% to 17% of the gross sales price. A credit is available whereby VAT paid on the purchases of semi-finished products or raw materials used in the production of the Company’s finished products can be used to offset the VAT due on sales of the finished product. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company had $1.6 million and $5.8 million in value added tax credit which are available to offset future VAT payables, respectively.

 

Sales and purchases are recorded net of VAT collected and paid as the Company acts as an agent for the government for VAT collection. VAT on sales and VAT on purchases amounted to $179.5 million and $ 171.3 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2012, $214.5 million and $176.9 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2011. 

 

Taxes payable consisted of the following: 

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
VAT taxes payable  $30   $4,856 
Income taxes payable   147    96 
Misc. taxes   5,178    6,422 
Totals  $5,355   $11,374 

   

Note 19 – Loss per share

 

The computation of loss per share is as follows:

 

 (in thousands, except per share data)

 

   March 31, 2012   March 31, 2011 
Loss attributable to holders of common stock  $(34,784)  $(8,917)
Basic and diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding   55,520    54,840 
Loss per share          
Basic and diluted  $(0.63)  $(0.16)

 

The Company had warrants exercisable for 6,678,649 shares of the Company’s common stock at March 31, 2012 and 2011. For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, all outstanding warrants were excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation since they are anti-dilutive.

 

Other than the aforementioned potentially dilutive securities, there were no other potentially dilutive securities outstanding for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.

 

29
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

Note 20 – Related party transactions and balances

 

Related party transactions

 

a. Capital lease

 

As disclosed in Notes 15 – “Capital lease obligations”, Longmen Joint Venture entered into a capital lease arrangement on April 29, 2011, with Shaanxi Coal and Shaanxi Steel, which are related parties of the Group. The following is an analysis of the leased assets under the capital lease:

 

   Balance at March 31, 2012 
   (in thousands) 
Machinery  $586,224 
Less: accumulated depreciation   (25,525)
Carrying value of leased assets  $560,699 

 

b. On January 1, 2010, General Steel (China), entered into a lease agreement with Tianjin Daqiuzhuang Steel Plates Co., Ltd. (the “Lessee”), whereby General Steel (China) leases its facility located at No. 1, Tonga Street, Daqiuzhuang Town, Jinghai County, Tianjin City to the Lessee (the “Lease Agreement”). The Lease Agreement provides approximately 776,078 square feet of workshops, land, equipments and other facilities amounting to RMB 215.8 million ($34.2 million) to the Lessee and allows the Company to reduce overhead costs while providing a recurring monthly income stream resulting from payments due under the lease. The term of the Lease Agreement was from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2011 and the monthly base rental rate due to General Steel (China) was approximately $0.2 million (RMB1.7 million). On July 28, 2011, General Steel (China) (lessor) signed a supplemental agreement with the lessee to extend the lease for an additional five years to December 31, 2016. However, due to current steel market conditions, the lessee informed the Company that they did not intend to extend the lease at June 30, 2012 and plans to terminate the supplemental agreement early. There is no penalty for early termination.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, General Steel (China) realized rental income in each period of $0.8 million which has been included in “other non-operating income (expense), net” in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Original cost of fixed assets leased  $34,183   $33,903 
Less: Accumulated depreciation   (18,535)   (17,813)
Less : Impairment of long-lived assets   (5,561)   (5,515)
Fixed assets leased, net  $10,087   $10,575 

 

The future rental payments to be received associated with the Lease Agreement entered into on March 31, 2010 and the supplemental agreement entered into on July 28, 2011 and ending on March 31, 2013, are as follows:

 

Year Ending March 31,  Amount 
   (in thousands) 
2013  $2,401 
Thereafter   - 
Total  $2,401 

 

c. The following chart summarized sales to related parties for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.

 

30
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

Name of related parties  Relationship  March 31, 2012   March 31, 2011 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Long Steel Group  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture  $96,541   $144,173 
Tianjin Hengying Trading Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO* through indirect shareholding   -    25,486 
Tianjin Dazhan Industry Co, Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   -    20,261 
Sichuan Yutai Trading Co., Ltd  Significant influence by Long Steel Group**   76,739    - 
Shaanxi Yuchang Trading Co., Ltd  Significant influence by Long Steel Group   41,482    - 
Shaanxi Haiyan Trade Co.,Ltd  Significant influence by Long Steel Group   14,444    11,393 
Shaanxi Shenganda Trading Co., Ltd  Significant influence by Long Steel Group   16,967    - 
Tianjin General Qiugang Pipe Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   -    7,150 
Shaanxi Steel  Majority shareholder of Long Steel Group   582    521 
Shaanxi Long Steel Group Baoji Steel Rolling Co., Ltd  Subsidiary of Long Steel Group   7,337    - 
Shaanxi Junlong Rolling Co., Ltd  Investee of Long Steel Group   10,037    - 
Others  Entities either owned or have significant influence by our affiliates or management   115    1 
Total     $264,244   $208,985 

 

*The CEO is referred to herein as the chief executive officer of General Steel Holdings, Inc. 

 

**Long Steel Group has the ability to significantly influence the operating and financial decisions of the entity through equity ownership either directly or through key employees, commercial contractual terms, or the ability to assign management personnel.

 

d. The following charts summarize purchases from related parties for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.

 

Name of related parties  Relationship  March 31, 2012   March 31, 2011 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Long Steel Group  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture  $202,024   $194,361 
Hancheng Jinma Coking Co., Ltd  Investee of Longmen Joint Venture’s subsidiary (unconsolidated)   -    4,689 
Hancheng Haiyan Coking Co., Ltd  Noncontrolling shareholder of Long Steel Group   75,984    100,036 
Xi’an Pinghe Metallurgical Raw
Material Co., Ltd
  Noncontrolling shareholder of Long Steel Group   51,381    - 
Shaanxi Long Steel Group Baoji
Steel Rolling Co., Ltd
  Subsidiary of Long Steel Group   1,544    - 
Shaanxi Junlong Rolling Co., Ltd  Investee of Long Steel Group   2,134    - 
Shaanxi Huafu New Energy Co., Ltd  Significant influence by the Long Steel Group   5,281    - 
Beijing Daishang Trading Co., Ltd.  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture’s subsidiary   402    - 
Others  Entities either owned or have significant influence by our affiliates or management   88    23 
Total     $338,838   $299,109 

 

31
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

  

Related party balances

 

a.Loans receivable – related party:

 

Name of related parties  Relationship  March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Long Steel Group  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture  $63,199   $- 
Total     $63,199   $- 

 

See Note 3 – loans receivable – related party for loan details.

 

b. Accounts receivables – related parties:

 

Name of related parties  Relationship  March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Long Steel Group  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture  $35,650   $9,187 
Shaanxi Long Steel Group Baoji
Steel Rolling Co., Ltd
  Subsidiary of Long Steel Group   4,749    3,141 
Hancheng Haiyan Coking Co., Ltd  Noncontrolling shareholder of Long Steel Group   306    303 
Tianjin Daqiuzhuang Steel Plates  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   762    755 
Gansu Yulong Trading Co., Ltd.  Significant influence by Long Steel Group   2,525    - 
Shaanxi Steel  Majority shareholder of Long Steel Group   9,064    7,207 
Total     $53,056   $20,593 

 

c. Other receivables – related parties:

 

Other receivables - related parties are those nontrade receivables arising from transactions between the Company and its related parties, such as advances or payments on behalf of these related parties.

  

Name of related parties  Relationship  March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Long Steel Group  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture  $-   $15,244 
Shaanxi Steel  Majority shareholder of Long Steel Group   64,855    66,869 
Maoming Shengze Trading Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   747    937 
Tianjin Daqiuzhuang Steel Plates Co., Ltd.  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   55    - 
Tianjin General Qiugang Pipe Co., Ltd.  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   9,508    - 
Shaanxi Huafu New Energy Co., Ltd  Significant influence by Long Steel Group   -    2,441 
Tianjin Dazhan Industry Co, Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   475    - 
Teamlink Investment Co., Ltd.  Owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   -    2,000 
Others  Entities either owned or have significant influence by our affiliates or management   412    188 
Total     $76,052   $87,679 

  

32
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

d. Advances on inventory purchase – related parties:

 

Name of related parties  Relationship  March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Long Steel Group  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture  $-   $1,028 
Tianjin General Qiugang Pipe Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   73,123    15,678 
Maoming Shengze Trading Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   3,726    3,538 
Total     $76,849   $20,244 

 

e.Long-term loan receivable – related party

 

Name of related parties  Relationship  March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Teamlink Investment Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding  $2,000   $- 
Total     $2,000   $- 

 

See Note 3 – loans receivable – related party for loan details.

  

f. Accounts payable - related parties:

 

Name of related parties  Relationship  March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Hancheng Haiyan Coking Co., Ltd  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture  $37,984   $46,487 
Long Steel Group  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture   56,582    11,231 
Tianjin Dazhan Industry Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   3    25,511 
Xi’an Pinghe Metallurgical Raw Material Co., Ltd  Noncontrolling shareholder of Long Steel Group   48,920    12,800 
Tianjin Hengying Trading Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   40,115    14,856 
Henan Xinmi Kanghua Fire Refractory Co., Ltd  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture’s subsidiary   1,008    1,185 
Beijing Daishang Trading Co., Ltd  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture’s subsidiary   93    1,600 
Tianjin General Qiugang Pipe Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   5,233    8,034 
Others  Entities either owned or have significant influence by our affiliates or management   125    124 
Total     $190,063   $121,828 

 

g . Short-term loans - related parties:

  

Name of related parties  Relationship  March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Shaanxi Steel  Majority shareholder of Long Steel Group  $15,842   $- 
Tianjin Hengying Trading Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   39,710    15,710 
Tianjin Dazhan Industry Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   24,674    - 
Beijing Shenhua Xinyuan Metal Materials Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   1,356    - 
Yangpu Capital Automobile  artially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   1,410    - 
Total     $82,992   $15,710 

 

See Note 9 – Debt for the loan details.

 

33
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

h. Other payables – related parties:

 

Other payables – related parties are those nontrade payables arising from transactions between the Company and its related parties, such as advances or payments from these related parties on behalf of the Group.

 

Name of related parties  Relationship  March 31,
2012
   December 31,
2011
 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Tianjin Hengying Trading Co, Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding  $939   $1,040 
Long Steel Group  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture   85,052    20,001 
Wendlar Investment & Management Group Co., Ltd  Common control under CEO   263    241 
Yangpu Capital Automobile  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   -    1,398 
Tianjin Daqiuzhuang Steel Plates Co., Ltd.  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   -    5,771 
Victory Energy Resource Limited  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   7,320    - 
Others  Entities either owned or have significant influence by our affiliates or management   1,458    422 
Total     $95,032   $28,873 

  

i. Customer deposits – related parties:

  

Name of related parties  Relationship  March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Shaanxi Yuchang Trading Co., Ltd  Significant influence by Long Steel Group  $13,205   $24,256 
Sichuan Yutai Trading Co., Ltd  Significant influence by Long Steel Group   10,738    5,972 
Tianjin Hengying Trading Co, Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   20,592    1,506 
Tianjin General Qiugang Pipe Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   -    9,102 
Long Steel Group  Noncontrolling shareholder of Longmen Joint Venture   1,713    4,755 
Beijing Shenhua Xinyuan Metal
Materials Co., Ltd
  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   -    1,345 
Shaanxi Haiyan Trade Co.,Ltd  Significant influence by Long Steel Group   5,911    6,822 
Shaanxi Junlong Rolling Co., Ltd  Investee of Long Steel Group   2,026    1,540 
Tianjin Dazhan Industry Co., Ltd  Partially owned by CEO through indirect shareholding   3,169    11,178 
Shaanxi Shenganda Trading Co., Ltd  Significant influence by Long Steel Group   -    1,750 
Others  Entities either owned or have significant influence by our affiliates or management   49    51 
Total     $57,403   $68,277 

 

34
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

  

j. Deposits due to sales representatives – related parties

 

Name of related parties  Relationship  March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Hancheng Haiyan Coking Co., Ltd  Noncontrolling shareholder of Long Steel Group  $618   $471 
Shaanxi Junlong Rolling Co., Ltd  Investee of Long Steel Group   618    472 
Total     $1,236   $943 

 

k. Long-term loans – related party:

 

Name of related party  Relationship  March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
      (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Shaanxi Steel  Majority shareholder of Long Steel Group  $92,797   $92,035 
Total     $92,797   $92,035 

 

The Company also provided guarantee on related parties’ bank loans amounting to $159.2 million and $56.6 million as of March 31, 2012 and as of December 31, 2011, respectively.

 

 l. Deferred lease income

 

   March 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
   (in thousands)   (in thousands) 
Beginning balance  $78,524   $57,591 
Add: Reimbursement for trial production costs   -    14,042 
Add: Deferred depreciation cost during free use period   -    6,904 
Less: Lease income realized   (530)   (2,008)
Exchange rate effect   646    1,995 
Ending balance   78,640    78,524 
Current portion   (2,116)   (2,099)
Noncurrent portion  $76,524   $76,425 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, the Company realized lease income from Shaanxi Steel, a related party amounted $0.5 million and $ 0, respectively.

 

Note 21 - Equity

 

Preferred Stock

 

On May 18, 2007, the Company entered into a Purchase Agreement with Victory New Holdings Limited (“Victory New”), a British Virgin Islands registered company under the control of the Company’s Chairman, CEO and majority shareholder, Zuosheng Yu (aka Henry Yu), to acquire Victory New’s 30% interest in General Steel (China ). The Company agreed to issue to Victory New an aggregate of 3,092,899 shares of its Series A Preferred Stock with a fair value of $8,374,000, and these shares of Series A Preferred Stock carry a voting power of 30% of the combined voting power of the Company’s common and preferred stock while outstanding. The holders of preferred stock are entitled to receive noncumulative dividends, when and if declared by the board of directors.  Dividends are not mandatory and shall not accrue. Preferred shares are non-redeemable.

 

35
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

2011 Equity Transactions

 

On March 31, 2011, the Company granted senior management and directors 240,734 shares of common stock at $2.40 per share, as compensation. The shares were valued at the quoted market price on the grant date. The Company recorded compensation expense of $0.6 million.

 

On June 1, 2011, the Company announced an increase of additional 1,000,000 shares of common stock may be purchased under the Share Repurchase Program launched in December 2010, bringing the total authorized shares of its common stock available for purchase to 2,000,000. During the year ended December 31, 2011, the Company has repurchased 774,218 shares with $1.9 million pursuant to the Share Repurchase Program. The Company had a total of 1,090,978 shares of treasury stock as of December 31, 2011.

 

On June 16, 2011, the Company and Maoming Hengda entered into a Debt Repayment Agreement with Guangzhou Hengda and its sole shareholder Ms Ding Yumei whereby the Company issued 974,571 shares of its common stock to Ms Ding Yumei, the designee and sole shareholder of Guangzhou Hengda, to repay loan balance of $4.8 million due to Guangzhou Hengda.

 

On June 28, 2011, the Company granted senior management and directors 191,150 shares of common stock at $1.44 per share, as compensation. The shares were valued at the quoted market price on the grant date. The Company recorded compensation expense of $0.3 million.

 

On September 26, 2011, the Company granted senior management and directors 189,650 shares of common stock at $1.18 per share, as compensation. The shares were valued at the quoted market price on the grant date. The Company recorded compensation expense of $0.2 million.

 

On December 28, 2011, the Company granted senior management and directors 166,150 shares of common stock at $1.04 per share, as compensation. The shares were valued at the quoted market price on the grant date. The Company recorded compensation expense of $0.2 million.

 

2012 Equity Transactions

 

On March 1, 2012, Longmen Joint Venture sold its 22.76% equity interest of Tongxing to two individuals, who are the representatives from Long Steel Group. As of March 1, 2012, Tongxing had a carrying value of net assets of $40.5 million which were included in the consolidated net assets of the Company and a noncontrolling interest in Tongxing of $32.5 million. The Company retained the land use right associated with the Tongxing property adjacent to the Longmen Joint Venture facility, which had a carrying value of $3.6 million immediately prior to the transaction and relinquished its controlling interest in the remaining net assets (primarily operating assets). In connection with the transaction, the Company also settled with a payable in cash of $0.3 million and transferred the dividend receivable of $0.9 million from Tongxing to the two individuals. These arrangements meet the criteria of ASC 810-10-40-6b and 6d, deconsolidation of a Subsidiary with multiple arrangements treated as a single transaction. As the land use rights held in Tongxing have been included as part of the Company’s consolidated assets, this transaction was considered as a change in the Company’s ownership interest in the land use right similar to a change in a parent company’s ownership interest in a subsidiary in accordance with ASC 810-10-45-23 and therefore the carrying value of the land use right was not stepped up to fair value. The net impact of these transactions resulted in a reduction of $3.1 million paid-in capital.

 

The following is a reconciliation of Tongxing’s noncontrolling interest for the three months ended March 31, 2012:

 

(in thousands)  Noncontrolling interest 
   Total   Tongxing   Others 
Balance at December 31, 2011  $(56,189)  $32,934   $(89,123)
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest   (20,964)   341    (21,305)
Addition to special reserve   180    -    180 
Usage of special reserve   (77)   -    (77)
Deconsolidation of Tongxing   (35,943)   (33,654)   (2,289)
Foreign currency translation adjustments   (476)   379    (855)
Balance at March 31, 2012  $(113,469)  $-   $(113,469)

 

On March 26, 2012, the Company granted senior management and directors 165,400 shares of common stock at $0.75 per share, as compensation. The shares were valued at the quoted market price on the grant date. The Company recorded compensation expense of $0.1 million.

 

36
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

On March 27, 2012, we launched another share repurchase program to repurchase up to an aggregate of 2,000,000 shares of our common stock. Together with the previous share repurchase program launched in December 2010 and this newly announced Share Repurchase Program, it brought the total authorized shares of our common stock available for purchase to 4,000,000. As of March 31, 2012, we had repurchased 1,090,978 shares of common stock in open market transactions at an average price of $1.70 per share pursuant to the above mentioned expansion of the Share Repurchase Program.

 

Note 22 – Retirement plan

 

Regulations in the PRC require the Company to contribute to a defined contribution retirement plan for all employees. All the employees of the Company’s entities in China are entitled to a retirement pension amount calculated based upon their salary at their date of retirement and their length of service in accordance with a government managed pension plan. The PRC government is responsible for the pension liability to the retired staff. The Company’s entities in China are required to contribute based on the higher of 20% of the employees’ monthly base salary or 12% of the minimum social average salary of the city where the facilities are located. Employees are required to contribute 8% of their base salary to the plan. The minimum social average salary is announced by the local Social Security bureau and updated annually. Total pension expense incurred by the Company amounted to $1.8 million and $1.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

Note 23 – Statutory reserves

 

The laws and regulations of the People’s Republic of China require that before a foreign -invested enterprise distributes profits to its shareholders, it must first satisfy all tax liabilities, provision for losses in previous years, and make allocations, in proportions determined at the discretion of the board of directors, to the statutory reserves. The statutory reserves include the surplus reserve funds and the enterprise fund and these statutory reserves represent restricted retained earnings.

 

Surplus reserve fund

 

The Company is required to transfer 10% of its net income, as determined in accordance with the PRC accounting rules and regulations, to a statutory surplus reserve fund until such reserve balance reaches 50% of the Company’s registered capital.

 

The transfer to this reserve must be made before distribution of any dividend to shareholders. The surplus reserve fund is non-distributable other than during liquidation and can be used to fund previous years’ losses, if any, and may be utilized for business expansion or converted into share capital by issuing new shares to existing shareholders in proportion to their shareholding or by increasing the par value of the shares currently held by them, provided that the remaining reserve balance after such issue is not less than 25% of the registered capital. For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, the Company did not make any contributions these reserves.

 

Special reserve

 

The Company is required by the PRC government to reserve safety and maintenance expense to the cost of production based on the actual quantity of mineral exploited.  The amount of reserves is determined within the unit price range provided by Ministry of Finance of PRC. For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, the Company made contributions of $0.4 million and $0.1 million to these reserves, respectively, and used $0.2 million and $0 of safety and maintenance expense, respectively.

 

Note 24 – Commitment and contingencies

 

Operating Lease Commitments

 

Total operating lease commitments for rental of offices, buildings, equipment and land use rights of the Company’s PRC subsidiaries as of March 31, 2012 is as follows:

 

Year ending March 31,  Minimum lease payment 
   (in thousands) 
   (Unaudited) 
2013  $2,941 
2014   1,425 
2015   1,207 
2016   552 
2017   552 
Years after   20,204 
 Total minimum payments required  $26,881 

 

37
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

Total rental expense amounted to $0.7 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

Longmen Joint Venture has $3.0 million contractual obligations related to construction projects as of March 31 2012.

 

Purchase Commitments

 

Longmen Joint Venture has signed an annual purchase agreement with a vendor to supply iron ore to be delivered based on the production demand. From October 2012 to October 2013, the minimum purchase commitment is 3 million tons at market price.

 

Contingencies

 

As of March 31, 2012, Longmen Joint Venture provided guarantees to related parties’ and third parties’ bank loans, including lines of credit and others, amounting to $475.4 million.

 

Nature of guarantee  Guarantee
amount
   Guaranty Due Date
   (In thousands)    
Line of credit  $174,764   Various from April 2012 to March 2015
Bank loans   261,670   Various from April 2012 to August 2013
Confirming storage   33,793   Various from April 2012 to March 2013
Financing by the rights of goods delivery in future   1,965   Various from August 2012 to September 2012
Others   3,168    
Total  $475,360    

 

Name of parties being guaranteed 

Guarantee

amount

   Guaranty Due Date
   (In thousands)    
Long Steel Group  $88,165   Various from April 2012 to March 2013
Hancheng Haiyan Coking Co., Ltd   20,493   Various from May 2012 to March 2013
Long Steel Group Fuping Rolling Steel Co., Ltd   8,159   Various from July 2012 to February 2013, partial guarantee amount extended to March 2013
Yichang Zhongyi Industrial Co., Ltd   27,931   Various from June 2012 to April 2013, partial guarantee amount extended to May 2013
Jingmen Desheng Metal Co., Ltd   43,624   Various from June 2012 to August 2013
Chengdu Yusheng Steel Trading Co., Ltd   13,773   Various from April to July 2012
Shaanxi Shengzilong Industry Co., Ltd   10,399   Various from June to December 2012
Shaanxi Tianyi Metal Materials Trading Co., Ltd   1,965   Various from August to September 2012
Shaanxi Hongan Material Co., Ltd.   10,109   Various from August to October 2012, partial guarantee amounts extended to October and December 2013
Shaanxi Anlin Material Co., Ltd.   7,013   November 2012
Luoyang Shangyang Metallurgy Trading Co., Ltd   3,168   May 2012
Chongqing Qiaorui Technology Trading Co., Ltd   6,075   Various from November to December 2012
Chengdu Zhongyi Steel Co., Ltd.   1,901   April 2012, extended to December 2013
Hancheng Sanli Furnace Burden Co., Ltd.   157,691   March 2015
Shaanxi Heimao Coking Co., Ltd   23,760   July 2012
Tianjin Dazhan Industry Co, Ltd   22,967   Various from November 2012 to January 2013
Tianjin General Qiugang Pipe Co., Ltd   27,539   February 2013
Hancheng Shenglong Coal and Coke Co., Ltd   597   May 2012
Xi'an Shengkai Measurment Tecnology Co., Ltd   31   June 2012
Total  $475,360    

 

38
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

As of March 31, 2012, the Company did not accrue any liability for the amounts the Group has guaranteed for third and related parties because those parties are current in their payment obligations and the Company has not experienced any losses from providing guarantees. The Company has evaluated the debt guarantees and concluded that the likelihood of having to make payments under the guarantees is remote and that the fair value of the stand-ready obligation under these commitments is not material.

 

Note 25 – Segments

 

The Company’s chief operating decision maker evaluates performance and determines resource allocations based on a number of factors, the primary measure being income from operations of the Group’s four regional divisions in the PRC: Longmen Joint Venture in Shaanxi province, Maoming Hengda in Guangdong province, Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture in Inner Mongolia province and General Steel (China) & Tianwu Joint Venture in Tianjin City.

 

The Group operates in one business segment that includes four different divisions. These reportable divisions are consistent with the way the Company manages its business, each division operates under separate management groups and produces discrete financial information. The accounting principles applied at the operating division level in determining income from operations is generally the same as those applied at the consolidated financial statement level.

 

The following represents results of division operations for three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011:

 

(In thousands)

 

Sales:  2012   2011 
Longmen Joint Venture  $643,276   $709,305 
Maoming Hengda   1,980    544 
Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture   177    614 
General Steel (China) & Tianwu Joint Venture   5,192    10,366 
Total sales   650,625    720,829 
Interdivision sales   (2,584)   (10,365)
Consolidated sales  $648,041   $710,464 

 

Gross profit:  2012   2011 
Longmen Joint Venture  $5,275   $4,518 
Maoming Hengda   (83)   (422)
Baotou Steel   19    (127)
General Steel (China) & Tianwu Joint Venture   419    (495)
Total gross profit   5,630    3,474 
Interdivision gross profit   -    1,575 
Consolidated gross profit  $5,630   $5,049 

 

Income (loss) from operations:  2012   2011 
Longmen Joint Venture  $(11,594)  $(7,508)
Maoming Hengda   (702)   (892)
Baotou Steel   (166)   (421)
General Steel (China) & Tianwu Joint Venture   (1)   (997)
Total loss from operations   (12,463)   (9,818)
Interdivision income (loss) from operations   -    1,575 
Reconciling item (1)   (536)   (1,209)
Consolidated loss from operations  $(12,999)  $(9,452)

  

39
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

Net income (loss) attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.:  2012   2011 
Longmen Joint Venture  $(30,348)  $(10,178)
Maoming Hengda   (536)   (1,095)
Baotou Steel   (374)   (240)
General Steel (China) & Tianwu Joint Venture   (2,978)   (1,322)
Total net loss attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.   (34,236)   (12,835)
Interdivision net loss   -    1,575 
Reconciling item (1)   (548)   2,343 
Consolidated net loss attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.  $(34,784)  $(8,917)

 

Depreciation, amortization and depletion:  2012   2011 
Longmen Joint Venture  $19,246   $7,503 
Maoming Hengda   504    590 
Baotou Steel   11    60 
General Steel (China) & Tianwu Joint Venture   798    769 
Consolidated depreciation, amortization and depletion  $20,559   $8,922 

 

Finance/interest expenses:  2012   2011 
Longmen Joint Venture  $45,195   $13,730 
Maoming Hengda   12    - 
Baotou Steel   128    - 
General Steel (China) & Tianwu Joint Venture   3,031    389 
Interdivision interest expenses   -    - 
Consolidated interest expenses  $48,366   $14,119 

 

Capital expenditures:  2012   2011 
Longmen Joint Venture  $8,443   $10,662 
Maoming Hengda   -    216 
Baotou Steel   5    23 
General Steel (China) & Tianwu Joint Venture   1    8 
Reconciling item (1)   -    3 
Consolidated capital expenditures  $8,449   $10,912 

 

Total Assets as of:   March 31, 2012     December 31, 2011  
Longmen Joint Venture   $ 3,083,013     $ 2, 937,271   
Maoming Hengda     47,787       48,350  
Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture     8,044       8,093  
General Steel (China) & Tianwu Joint Venture     197,443       146,150  
Interdivision assets     (78,892 )     (88,326 )
Reconciling item (2)     9,430       2,583  
Total Assets   $ 3,266,825     $ 3,054,121  

 

  (1) Reconciling item represents the unallocated income or expenses of the Company, arising from General Steel Investment Co., Ltd, Yangpu Shengtong Investment Co., Ltd and Qiu Steel for three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.

 

  (2) Reconciling item represents assets held at General Steel Holdings, Inc., General Steel Investment Co., Ltd, Yangpu Shengtong Investment Co., Ltd and Qiu Steel as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

Note 26 – Subsequent events

 

On June 28, 2012, the Company granted senior management and directors 165,400 shares of common stock at $0.80 per share, as compensation. The shares were valued at the quoted market price on the grant date.

 

On September 27, 2012, the Company granted senior management and directors 167,900 shares of common stock at $1.29 per share, as compensation. The shares were valued at the quoted market price on the grant date.

 

In October 2012, Shaanxi Steel agreed that it will not demand capital lease payment from Longmen Joint Venture until October 2014.

 

40
GENERAL STEEL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 

On December 28, 2012, the Company granted senior management and directors 169,150 shares of common stock at $1.00 per share, as compensation. The shares were valued at the quoted market price on the grant date.

 

In March 2013, Shaanxi Coal has agreed to provide bank loan guarantees to Longmen Joint Venture in the amount of $310.5 million (RMB 2.0 billion).

 

On March 28, 2013, the Company granted senior management and directors 174,900 shares of common stock at $1.01 per share, as compensation. The shares were valued at the quoted market price on the grant date.

 

41
 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

The following discussion of the financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements. General Steel Holdings, Inc. is referred to herein as “we,” “our,” “us” and “the Company.” The words or phrases “would be,” “will allow,” “expect to,” “intends to,” “will likely result,” “are expected to,” “will continue,” “is anticipated,” “estimate,” or similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements include those concerning our expected financial performance, our corporate strategy and operational plans. Actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of a number of risks and uncertainties, including: (a) those risks and uncertainties related to general economic conditions in the PRC, including regulatory factors that may affect such economic conditions; (b) whether we are able to manage our planned growth efficiently and operate profitable operations, including whether our management will be able to identify, hire, train, retain, motivate and manage required personnel or that management will be able to successfully manage and exploit existing and potential market opportunities; (c) whether we are able to generate sufficient revenues or obtain financing to sustain and grow our operations; and (d) whether we are able to successfully fulfill our primary requirements for cash which are explained below under “Liquidity and Capital Resources.” Unless otherwise required by applicable law, we do not undertake, and we specifically disclaim any obligation, to update any forward-looking statements to reflect occurrences, developments, unanticipated events or circumstances after the date of such statement. Additional information regarding certain factors which could cause actual results to differ from such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those described in Item 1A, “Risk Factors”, to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011 filed with the SEC on February 15, 2013.

 

Recent Developments and First Quarter Highlights

 

The first quarter of 2012 was highlighted with the following:

 

·Sales in the first quarter of 2012 decreased by 8.8% to $648.0 million, from $710.5 million in first quarter of 2011, due to decreased sales volume as well as a decrease in the average selling price of our products. For the first quarter of 2012, sales volume of rebar in Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Co. Ltd. ("Longmen Joint Venture") totaled 1.1 million metric tons, a decrease of 6.6%, compared to 1.2 million metric tons in the first quarter of 2011, with an average selling price of $588.7 per ton, compared to $606.6 per ton in the first quarter of 2011.

 

·Gross profit in the first quarter of 2012 totaled $5.6 million, or 0.9% of total revenue, as compared to a gross profit of $5.0 million, or 0.7% of total revenue in the first quarter of 2011. Gross profit in the first quarter of 2012 also had a turnaround as compared to a gross loss of $150.7 million, or (19.0)% of total revenue in the fourth quarter of 2011.

 

·Total finance expenses in the first quarter of 2012 totaled $48.3 million, of which, $10.8 million was the interest expense on capital lease as compared to $0 in the same period of 2011, and $37.5 million was the interest expense on bank borrowings, related parties borrowings and discounted notes receivable as compared to $14.1 million in the first quarter of 2011.

 

·Loss per share was $0.63 in the first quarter of 2012, compared to a loss of $0.16 per share in the first quarter of 2011. The increase in the loss in the first quarter was mainly due to the increased interest expenses on capital lease, bank borrowings, related parties borrowings and discounted notes receivable expenses.

 

·On March 27, 2012, we launched another share repurchase program to repurchase up to an aggregate of 2,000,000 shares of our common stock (the “Share Repurchase Program”). Together with the previous share repurchase program launched in December 2010 and this newly announced Share Repurchase Program, it brought the total authorized shares of our common stock available for purchase to 4,000,000. As of March 31, 2012, we had repurchased 1,090,978 shares of common stock in open market transactions at an average price of $1.70 per share pursuant to the above mentioned expansion of the Share Repurchase Program.

 

OVERVIEW

 

We were incorporated on August 5, 2002, in the State of Nevada. We are headquartered in Beijing, China and operate a portfolio of Chinese steel companies. We serve various industries and produce a variety of steel products including, but not limited to: reinforced bars (“rebar”), hot-rolled carbon, spiral-weld pipes and high-speed wire. Our current aggregate annual production capacity of steel products is 7 million metric tons of crude steel. Our individual product categories have a variety of demand drivers, such as rural income, infrastructure construction and energy consumption. Domestic economic conditions are also an overall demand driver for all our products.

 

42
 

 

Our vision is to become one of the largest and most profitable non-government owned steel companies in the PRC. Our mission is to grow our business organically and through the acquisition of Chinese steel companies to increase their profitability and efficiencies by utilizing western management practices and advanced production technologies, and the infusion of capital resources.

 

 Our two-pronged growth strategy focuses on a combination of capacity expansion, as well as optimizing operating efficiencies and leverage:

 

·We aim to grow our revenue by increasing capacity and through continual cooperation and partnerships with leading state-owned enterprises (SOEs).
·We aim to drive profitability through improved operational efficiencies and optimization of our cost structure.

 

Unless the context indicates otherwise, as used herein the terms “General Steel”, the “Company”, “we”, “our” and “us” refer to General Steel Holdings, Inc.

 

Steel-Related Subsidiaries and Raw Material Trading Company

 

We presently have controlling interests in four steel-related subsidiaries and one raw material trading subsidiary:

 

  · General Steel (China) Co., Ltd. (“General Steel (China)”);
  · Baotou Steel - General Steel Special Steel Pipe Joint Venture Company Limited (“Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture”);
  · Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. (“Longmen Joint Venture”);
  · Maoming Hengda Steel Co., Ltd. (“Maoming Hengda”); and
  · Tianwu General Steel Material Trading Co., Ltd. (“Tianwu Joint Venture”).

 

Our Company, together with our subsidiaries, majority owned subsidiaries and valuable interest entity, are referred to as the Group.

 

General Steel (China) Co., Ltd

 

General Steel (China), formerly known as “Tianjin Daqiuzhuang Metal Sheet Co., Ltd.”, started operations in 1988.

 

On May 14, 2009, General Steel (China) changed its official name from “Tianjin Daqiuzhuang Metal Sheet Co., Ltd.” to better reflect its role as a merger and acquisition platform for steel company investments in China.  In some instances, General Steel (China) retains the use of the name “Daqiuzhuang Metal” for brand recognition purposes within the industry.

 

On January 1, 2010, General Steel (China) entered into a lease agreement with Tianjin Daqiuzhuang Steel Plates Co., Ltd. (the “Lessee”), whereby General Steel (China) leases its facility located at No. 1, Tonga Street, Daqiuzhuang Town, Jinghai County, Tianjin City to the Lessee (the “Lease Agreement”). The Lease Agreement provides approximately 776,078 square feet of workshops, land, equipment and other facilities to the Lessee and allows the Company to reduce overhead costs while providing a recurring monthly income stream resulting from payments due under the lease. The initial term of the Lease Agreement was from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2011 and the monthly base rental rate due to General Steel (China) was approximately $0.2 million (RMB1.7 million). On July 28, 2011, General Steel (China) signed a supplemental agreement with the Lessee to extend the lease for an additional five years to December 31, 2016. However, due to current steel market conditions, the Lessee has informed us that they do not intend to continue with the lease at June 30, 2012. There is no penalty for early termination. General Steel (China) currently does not have plans to lease the facility to another company and as such, a write-down in the carrying value of property, plant and equipment in relation to this event has been assessed and the impairment amount was estimated to be $5.5 million (RMB 35.1 million) was recorded in the selling, general and administrative expenses in the second quarter of 2011. Management also re-evaluates the fair value of its long-term assets on annual basis, or if there is a triggering event, which would require an assessment sooner.

 

Baotou Steel - General Steel Special Steel Pipe Joint Venture Company Limited

 

On April 27, 2007, General Steel (China) and Baotou Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd. (“Baotou Steel”) entered into an Amended and Restated Joint Venture Agreement, amending the Joint Venture Agreement entered into on September 28, 2005, to increase General Steel (China)'s ownership interest in the related joint venture to 80%. The joint venture’s name is Baotou Steel - General Steel Special Steel Pipe Joint Venture Company Limited, a Chinese limited liability company (“Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture”). Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture obtained its business license from government authorities in the PRC on May 25, 2007, and started its operations in July 2007. Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture has four production lines capable of producing 100,000 metric tons of double spiral-weld pipes primarily used in the energy sector to transport oil and steam. These pipes have a diameter ranging from 219mm to 1240mm, a wall thickness ranging from 6mm to 13mm, and a length ranging from 6m to 12m. Presently, Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture sells its products using an internal sales force to customers in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and the northwest region of the PRC.

 

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Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Co., Ltd

 

Effective June 1, 2007, through General Steel (China) and Tianjin Qiu Steel Investment Co., Ltd. (“Qiu Steel”), a 99% owned company of General Steel (China), we entered into a Joint Venture Agreement with Shaanxi Longmen Iron & Steel Group Co., Ltd. (“Long Steel Group”) to form Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. (“Longmen Joint Venture”). Through General Steel (China) and Qiu Steel, we invested approximately $39.3 million in cash and collectively held a 60% ownership interest in Longmen Joint Venture until April 29, 2011 when we entered into a 20-year Unified Management Agreement (the “Unified Management Agreement”) with Longmen Joint Venture, Shaanxi Coal and Chemical Industry Group Co., Ltd. (“Shaanxi Coal”) and Shaanxi Iron and Steel Group co., Ltd. (“Shaanxi Steel”). Longmen Joint Venture was determined to be a Variable Interest Entity (“VIE”) and we are the primary beneficiary.

 

Long Steel Group, located in Hancheng city, Shaanxi Province, in China’s Western region, was founded in 1958 and incorporated in 2002. Long Steel Group is owned by a state owned entity through Shaanxi Steel. Long Steel Group holds the remaining 40% ownership interest in Longmen Joint Venture and operates as a fully-integrated steel production facility.  Fewer than 10% of steel companies in China have fully-integrated steel production capabilities.

 

Currently, Longmen Joint Venture has five branch offices, four consolidated subsidiaries/VIE and five entities in which it has a noncontrolling interest.  It employs approximately 9,600 full-time workers.  In addition to steel production, Longmen Joint Venture operates transportation services through its Changlong Branch, located in Hancheng city, Shaanxi Province. Changlong Branch owns 185 vehicles and provides transportation services exclusively to Longmen Joint Venture.

 

Longmen Joint Venture’s rebar products are categorized within the steel industry as “longs” (referencing their shape). Rebar is generally considered a regional product because its weight and dimension make it ill-suited for cost-effective long-haul ground transportation. By our estimates, the market demand for rebar in Shaanxi Province is six to eight million metric tons per year. Slightly more than half of this demand comes from Xi’an, the capital of Shaanxi Province, located 180km from Longmen Joint Venture’s main steel production site. Currently, we estimate that we have an approximate 72% share of the Xi’an market for rebar.

 

An established regional network of approximately one hundred and twenty-eight distributors together with those small distributors and three sales offices sell Longmen Joint Venture’s products. All products sell under the registered brand name of “Yulong”, which has strong regional recognition and awareness. Rebar and billet products carry ISO 9001 and 9002 certification and other of Longmen Joint Venture’s products have won national quality awards. Products produced at the facility have been used in the construction of the Yangtze River Three Gorges Dam, the Xi’an International Airport, the Xi’an city subway system and the Xi Luo Du and the Xiang Jia Ba hydropower projects.

 

On September 24, 2007, Longmen Joint Venture acquired a 74.92% ownership interest in Longmen Iron and Steel Group. Environmental Protection Industry Development Co., Ltd. (“Longmen EPID”). At the same time, Longmen Joint Venture entered into an equity transfer agreement with Long Steel Group to acquire a 36% ownership interest in its subsidiary, Hualong Fire Retardant Materials Co., Ltd. (“Hualong”). Longmen Joint Venture paid $0.4 million (RMB 3.3 million) in exchange for the ownership interest and is the largest shareholder in Hualong. Hualong’s facility produces fire-retardant materials used in various steel making processes.

  

In January 2010, Longmen Joint Venture completed its acquisition of the remaining 25.08% interest in Longmen EPID pursuant to an equity transfer agreement with Shaanxi Fangxin Industrial Co., Ltd. (“Shaanxi Fangxin”), the other shareholder of Longmen EPID for RMB 8.7 million. Longmen EPID then became a branch of Longmen Joint Venture.

 

From June 2009 to March 2011, we worked with Shaanxi Steel to build new iron and steel making facilities including two 1,280 cubic meter blast furnaces, two 120 metric ton converters, one 400 square meter sintering machine and some auxiliary systems.  As a result, Longmen Joint Venture incurred certain costs of construction as well as economic losses on suspended production of certain small furnaces and other equipment to accommodate the construction of the new equipment, on behalf of Shaanxi Steel.

 

Dismantling of certain assets and a sub-lease of Longmen Joint Venture’s land associated with the construction by Shaanxi Steel began in June 2009. At the beginning of the construction in June 2009, Longmen Joint Venture reached an oral agreement with Shaanxi Steel that all costs incurred related to the construction would be reimbursed by Shaanxi Steel. From that point forward, through construction and testing and until the completion of the project in March 2011, Longmen Joint Venture recorded the related costs as they were incurred according to the nature of these costs and recognized the related receivable from Shaanxi Steel. In December 2010, Shaanxi Steel and Longmen Joint Venture were able to finalize the amount of costs incurred by Longmen Joint Venture to be reimbursed and executed in two signed agreements between the two parties on December 20, 2010. Therefore, to compensate us, in the fourth quarter of 2010, Shaanxi Steel reimbursed Longmen Joint Venture $11.1 million (RMB 70.1 million) related to the value of assets dismantled and rent under a 40-year property sub-lease that was entered into by the parties in June 2009, and $29.0 million (RMB 183.1 million) for the reduced production efficiency caused by the construction. In addition, in 2010 and 2011, Shaanxi Steel reimbursed Longmen Joint Venture $14.2 million (RMB 89.5 million) and $14.2 million (RMB 89.3 million), respectively, for trial production costs related to the new equipment.

 

 During the period from June 2010 to March 2011, as construction progressed and certain of the assets came online, Longmen Joint Venture used the assets free of charge to produce saleable units of steel products during this period. As such, the cost of using these assets and therefore the fair value of the free rent received was imputed with reference to what the depreciation charge would have been on these assets had they been owned or under capital lease to Longmen Joint Venture during this period. This cost of $7.0 million (RMB 43.9 million) each year were deferred and will be recognized over the term of the land sub-lease similar to the other charges and credits related to the construction of these assets.

 

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The amount of reimbursement is deferred as lease income and recognized as a component of the property that was sub-leased during the construction, and is to be amortized to income over the remaining terms of the 40-year sub-lease.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, we recognized lease income of $0.5 million and $0.5 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the deferred lease income on the land sub-lease was $78.6 million and $78.5 million, respectively. The remaining life of amortization was 37.5 years as of March 31, 2012.

 

On April 29, 2011, we entered into a 20-year Unified Management Agreement (the “Unified Management Agreement”) with Longmen Joint Venture, Shaanxi Coal and Shaanxi Steel. Shaanxi Steel is the controlling shareholder of Long Steel Group which is the non-controlling interest holder in Longmen Joint Venture, and Shaanxi Coal, a state-owned entity, the parent company of Shaanxi Steel. Under the terms of the Unified Management Agreement, all manufacturing machinery and other equipment of Longmen Joint Venture plus the $586.2 million (or approximately RMB 3.7 billion) of the newly constructed iron and steel making facilities owned by Shaanxi Steel which includes one 400m 2 sintering machine, two 1,280m 3 blast furnaces, two 120 ton converters and some auxiliary systems, are managed collectively as a single virtual asset pool (“Asset Pool”). Longmen Joint Venture manages the Asset Pool as the principal operating entity and is responsible for the daily operation of the new and existing facilities.

 

Furthermore, under the terms of the Unified Management Agreement, Shaanxi Coal has committed to providing Longmen Joint Venture with raw materials, including coke and coal, at a cost not higher than the market rate. In addition, the Unified Management Agreement includes provisions pursuant to which both Shaanxi Coal and Shaanxi Steel are expected to provide financial support, including credit guarantees, as needed for operations by Longmen Joint Venture. In October 2012, Shaanxi Steel agreed that it will not demand capital lease payment from Longmen Joint Venture until October 2014. In March 2013, Shaanxi Coal has agreed to provide bank loan guarantees to Longmen Joint Venture for amount of RMB 2.0 billion ($310.5 million).

 

Longmen Joint Venture pays Shaanxi Steel for the use of the newly constructed iron and steel making facilities at an amount equal to the depreciation expense on the equipment constructed by Shaanxi Steel in addition to 40% of the pre-tax profit generated by the Asset Pool. The remaining 60% of the pre-tax profit is allocated to Longmen Joint Venture. As a result, our economic interest in the profits generated by the Asset Pool decreased from 60% to 36%. However, the overall capacity under the management of Longmen Joint Venture has increased by three million tons, or 75%. The Unified Management Agreement is also expected to improve Longmen Joint Venture’s cost structure through sustainable and steady sourcing of key raw materials and reduced transportation costs. The distribution of profit is subject to a prospective adjustment after the first two years based on each entity’s actual investment of time and resources into the Asset Pool.

 

The parties to the Unified Management Agreement have agreed to establish the Shaanxi Longmen Iron and Steel Unified Management Supervisory Committee (“Supervisory Committee”) to ensure that the facilities and related resources are being operated and managed according to the stipulations set forth in the Unified Management Agreement. However, the Board of Directors of Longmen Joint Venture remains as the controlling decision-making body of Longmen Joint Venture and the Asset Pool.

 

The Unified Management Agreement constitutes an arrangement that involves a lease which met certain of the criteria of a capital lease and therefore, the lease is accounted for as such by Longmen Joint Venture. See Note 15 - “Capital lease obligations” and Note 16 -“Profit sharing liability” of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included herein.

 

In November 2010, we brought online a 1,200,000 metric ton capacity rebar production line which was renovated based on an existing 800,000 metric ton capacity rebar production line. In July 2011, we brought online a 1,000,000 metric ton capacity high speed wire production line. These two installed production lines were both relocated from the Maoming Hengda (as defined below) facility and consume less energy when running at maximum efficiencies compared to our previous production line.

 

Maoming Hengda Steel Co., Ltd

 

On June 25, 2008, through our subsidiary Qiu Steel, we paid approximately $7.1 million (RMB 50 million) in cash to purchase 99% of Maoming Hengda Steel Group, Ltd. (“Maoming Hengda”).  The total registered capital of Maoming Hengda is approximately $77.8 million (RMB 544.6 million).

 

Maoming Hengda’s core business is the production of rebar products used in the construction industry.  Located on 140 hectares (approximately 346 acres) in Maoming city, Guangdong Province, the Maoming Hengda facility previously had two production lines capable of annual production capacities of 1.8 million metric tons of 5.5mm to 16mm diameter high-speed wire and 12mm to 38mm diameter rebar. The products were sold through nine distributors targeting customers in Guangxi Province and the Western region of Guangdong.

 

To take advantage of a stronger market demand in Shaanxi Province, in the second quarter of 2009, we relocated the 800,000 metric ton capacity rebar production line from Maoming Hengda’s facility to Longmen Joint Venture.  In December 2010, we relocated the 1,000,000 metric ton capacity high-speed wire production line from Maoming Hengda’s facility to Longmen Joint Venture to meet the increased demand in Shaanxi Province.

 

In December 2010, we brought online a new 400,000 ton capacity rebar production line. The new rebar line was constructed as a result of a strategic alliance agreement between Maoming Hengda and Zhuhai Yueyufeng Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. (“Yueyufeng”), executed on February 3, 2010.  According to this agreement, Yueyufeng paid $4.4 million in advance in three installments to support the construction of the rebar production line for Maoming Hengda, and charged Maoming Hengda an interest at rate of 10% annually. The interest expense incurred was recorded in finance expense.

 

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Tianwu General Steel Material Trading Co., Ltd

 

We formed Tianwu General Steel Material Trading Co., Ltd. (“Tianwu Joint Venture”) with Tianjin Material and Equipment Group Corporation (“TME Group”).  The contributed capital of Tianwu Joint Venture is approximately $2.9 million (or RMB 20 million), and we hold a 60% controlling interest.  TME Group is one of the largest and most diversified commodity trading groups in China.

 

Tianwu Joint Venture sources raw materials, mainly overseas iron ore, and is expected to supply approximately 20% to 50% of our imported iron-ore needs, amounting to approximately two to three million metric tons on an annual basis.

 

Production Capacity Information Summary by Subsidiary

 

    General Steel
(China)
    Baotou Steel Pipe
Joint Venture
  Longmen Joint
Venture 
  Maoming
Hengda
 
Annual Production Capacity (metric tons)                    
Crude Steel   -     -   7 million   -  
Processing   400,000     100,000   3.6 million   400,000  
                     
Main Products   Hot-rolled sheet     Spiral-weld pipe   Rebar/High-speed
wire
  Rebar  
                     
Main Application   Light Agricultural vehicles     Energy transport   Infrastructure and
construction
  Infrastructure and
construction
 

 

Marketing and Customers

 

We sell our products primarily to distributors, and we typically collect payment from these distributors in advance.  Our marketing efforts are mainly directed toward those customers who have demanding requirements for on-time delivery, general inquiries and product quality.  We believe that these requirements as well as product planning are critical factors in our ability to serve this segment of the market.

 

Our revenue is dependent, in large part, on significant contracts with a limited number of large customers. For the three months ended March 31, 2012, approximately 45.0% of our sales were to five customers. We believe that revenue derived from our current and future large customers will continue to represent a significant portion of our total revenue.

 

Moreover, our success will depend in part upon our ability to obtain orders from new customers, as well as the financial condition and success of our customers and general economic conditions in China.

 

Demand for our Products

 

Overall, domestic economic growth is an important driver of our products, especially from construction and infrastructure projects, rural income growth and energy demand.

 

At Longmen Joint Venture, growth in regional construction and infrastructure projects drives demand for our products. According to the 12th Five Year National Economic and Social Development Plan (“NESDP”) (2011-2015), development in China’s Western region is one of the top five economic priorities of the nation. Shaanxi Province, where Longmen Joint Venture is located, has been designated as a focal point for development in the western region. Longmen Joint Venture is 180 km from Xi’an, the capital city of Shaanxi Province and it does not have a major competitor within a 250 km radius. 

 

The Western region of China where our major sale market is located has experienced a higher rate of growth than other Chinese regions in recent years. Compared to an increase of 9.6% for the national GDP, the GDP increase of 13.9% was reported by Shaanxi Province in 2011 over the previous year. Additionally, according to Accounting and Corporate Finance Production Statistics in China, Sichuan Province also reported a GDP increase of 14.7%, where we have opened a sales office in Chengdu City, Sichuan Province to meet the increasing demand for the construction of steel.

 

According to the Shaanxi provincial government, the total fixed asset investment for the Shaanxi Province was approximately RMB 1.0 trillion (approximately $157.1 billion) for the year ended December 31, 2011, an increase of 18% over 2010.

 

At the end of June 2009, the State Council Office announced that it approved the Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone development program. This program covers the development of two western provinces and seven cities from 2009 to 2020.

 

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In addition, the Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone will concentrate on the development of the Xi’an area. The metropolitan area construction program focuses on the cities of Xi’an and Xianyang, and their surrounding areas, covering up to 12,000 square kilometers, including the construction of railways, highways, subways, airport expansion and newly developed areas. Under this program, the Shaanxi provincial government has announced that it will build approximately 4,500 kilometers of railway with the investment of RMB260 billion (approximately $41.2 billion) by 2015 and 8,080 kilometers of highway by 2020. The infrastructure and constructions projects provide strong and stable demand for our steel product in this area, in which we have over 70% of the market share.

 

In January 2011, the central government announced a new low-income housing policy. Under this policy, 10 million low-income houses will be built in 2011, with a total of 36 million low-income houses to be built over a five-year period. To ensure the construction of the low-income housing, the central government has announced that it will increase its investment in the project by 34.7% over its 2010 investment to approximately RMB103 billion, and the local governments are expected to increase their investment as well.

 

As part of this policy, the Shaanxi provincial government also targets to build 470,000 low-income houses in 2011, covering approximately 30 million square meters, which is 2.5 times the amount of low-income houses initiated in 2010. This will generate a stable demand for steel construction within the Shaanxi Province.

 

In January 2011, the Shaanxi provincial government announced that it will invest RMB80 billion (approximately $12.2 billion) in the construction of hydro projects, which is three times the amount invested during the 11th Five Year National Economic and Social Development Plan.  In addition to hydro projects, according to the central government, 5,000 kilometers of high-speed railway will be built in 2011, with 16,000 total kilometers to be built by 2020.

 

In May 2011, the central government passed the Cheng-Yu Economic Zone Plan focusing on Chongqing City and Sichuan Province, covering 206,000 square kilometers, to further accelerate the development of the Western region of China.  We anticipate that in the near future, the demand for our products will increase in those areas, and we expect that our expanded production capacity will be able to successfully meet the increase in demand. Furthermore, we have a sales office located in Chengdu to help facilitate such increased demand.

 

We anticipate strong demand for our products driven by these and many other construction and infrastructure projects. We believe there will be sustained regional demand for several years as both the central and provincial governments continue to drive Western region development efforts. Government supported housing and infrastructure development projects in the Western region of China are driving demand, particularly in Shaanxi Province, which is the center of Western China's development. Although steel prices faced pressure in the second half of 2011, they have rebounded in 2012 which, coupled with the strong end-market demand, should support growth in sales of rebar and other steel products. Notably, during the 2012 National People's Congress, the central government raised its 2012 fiscal spending budget 14% year-over-year to $1.92 trillion. Under this new budget, public housing has risen to 23% of total spending, which we believe presents a meaningful opportunity to support the ongoing infrastructure growth in Western China.

 

At Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture, energy sector growth, which spurs the need to transport oil, natural gas and steam, drives demand for spiral-weld steel pipe. Presently, demand is fueled by smaller pipeline projects and municipal energy infrastructure projects within the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

 

At Maoming Hengda, infrastructure growth and business development in Maoming city, the surrounding Guangxi cities and the Western region of Guangdong Province, drive demand for our construction steel products. As a third tier city, the industrialization and urbanization of Maoming city is one of the focuses of economic development in the west Guangdong Province.

 

Supply of Raw Materials

 

The primary raw materials we use for steel production are iron ore, coke, hot-rolled steel coil and steel billets.  Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture uses hot-rolled steel coil as its main raw material.  Longmen Joint Venture uses iron ore and coke as its main raw materials.  Maoming Hengda uses steel billets as its main raw material. Iron ore and coke are the main raw material used to produce hot-rolled steel coil and steel billets. As a result, the prices of iron ore and coke are the primary raw material cost drivers for our products.

 

Iron Ore

 

Longmen Joint Venture has 7 million tons of annual crude steel production capacity. At Longmen Joint Venture, approximately 85% of production costs are associated with raw materials, with iron ore being the largest component.

 

In September 2010, we formed Tianwu Joint Venture with TME Group, one of the largest and most diversified commodity trading groups in China. Tianwu Joint Venture sources raw materials, mainly overseas iron ore, and is expected to supply approximately 20% to 50% of our imported iron-ore needs, amounting to approximately two to three million metric tons on an annual basis. For the three months ended March 31, 2012, we sourced approximately 0.3% of our iron ore purchases from Tianwu Joint Venture directly.

 

According to the China Iron and Steel Association, approximately 60% of the China domestic steel industry demand for iron ore must be filled by imports. At Longmen Joint Venture, we purchase iron ore from four primary sources: Mulonggou mine (owned by Longmen Joint Venture), Daxigou mine (owned by Long Steel Group, our partner in Longmen Joint Venture), surrounding local mines and mines located abroad. According to the terms of Longmen Joint Venture’s Agreement with the Long Steel Group, we have a first right of refusal for sales from the Daxigou mine and for its development. We presently purchase all of the products from this mine.

 

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Coke

 

Coke, produced from metallurgical coal (also known as coking coal), is our second most consumed raw material, after iron ore. It requires approximately 550kg to 600kg of coke to make one metric ton of crude steel.

 

Under the terms of the Unified Management Agreement, our partner, Shaanxi Coal has committed to providing coke and coal to us at a cost not higher than the market price.

 

Our Longmen Joint Venture facility is located in the center of China’s coal belt. We source all coke used at Longmen Joint Venture from the town in which Longmen Joint Venture is located. This ensures a dependable, local supply and minimum transportation costs.

 

The sources and/or our top five major suppliers of our raw materials for the quarter ended March 31, 2012 are as follows:

 

Longmen Joint Venture

 

 

 

Name of Major Supplier

 

Raw Material

Purchased

  % of Total Raw
Material
Purchased
   Relationship with
Company
Long Steel Group  Iron Ore   24.8%  Related Party
Shaanxi Haiyan Coal Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.  Coke   16.0%  Related Party
Xi'an Pinghe Metallurgical Raw Material Co., Ltd.  Iron Ore   10.8%  Related Party
Shaanxi Long Steel Group Import & Export Co., Ltd.  Iron Ore   10.5%  Related Party
China Railway Materials Xi’an Co., Ltd  Alloy/ Ore Powder   7.2%  Third Party
   Total   69.3%   

 

Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture

 

 

 

Name of Major Suppliers

 

 

Raw Material

Purchased

  % of Total Raw
Material
Purchased
  

 

Relationship with

Company

Baotou Dingxin Steel Trading Co., Ltd.  Steel coil   93.0%  Third Party
Weifang Jinertai Welding Material Co., Ltd.  Steel coil   7.0%  Third Party
   Total   100.0%   

 

Maoming Hengda

 

 

Name of Major Suppliers

 

Items Purchased

  % of Total Items
Purchased
   Relationship with
Company
Hunan Xiangtan Guoshun Electricity & Coal Co., Ltd.  Coal   48.8%  Third Party
Hefei Jinggong Accessories Co., Ltd  Mechanical accessories   5.4%  Third Party
Maoming Yongxin Valve Co., Ltd.  Mechanical accessories   3.5%  Third Party
Kaifeng Zhonghua Instrument Co., Ltd.  Mechanical accessories   0.4%  Third Party
Guangzhou Dingding Automatic Machine Co., Ltd  Mechanical accessories   0.1%  Third Party
       58.2%   

 

Industry Environment

 

Despite demand growth experienced during 2010 and 2011, the overall nationwide steelmaking capacity still exceeds steel demand. There is significant over-capacity in the Chinese steel sector which is putting pressure on operators’ profitability which became the most significant challenge in the steel manufacturing business. Chinese crude steel capacity is expected to be around 840 million tons in 2012, which would be 22.1% in excess of the expected 688 million tons of consumption, according to the HIS Global Insight daily analysis, January 2012.

 

For steelmakers, operating performance depends on the volatility of the cost of raw materials. The shortage of these raw materials in the market has allowed suppliers of iron ore and metallurgical coal to rebuild the pricing mechanisms through the shift from annual to shorter-term price contracts. This has created numerous challenges for steelmakers as they must now deal with volatility in raw material prices, as well as maintain margins with fluctuating demand. Over the past two years, we have witnessed perseverance in steel prices that has given iron ore producers an opportunity to increase the prices in the next contract; however the reverse may not be true as steel companies cannot always pass on the rise in iron ore prices to end consumers due to the market overcapacity and fragmentation.

 

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The central government has had a long-stated goal to consolidate 50% of domestic steel production among the top ten producers by 2010 and 70% by 2020. Currently, there are approximately over 500 crude steel producers throughout China, and the top ten producers account for approximately 48% of total national output. In 2011, the central government had successfully reduced obsolete iron production capacities by 31.92 million tons.

 

On July 12, 2010, the Ministry of Industry & Information Technology Commission enacted the Steel Industry Admittance and Operation Qualifications standards. The new standards specify requirements for all aspects of steel production in China, which include: size of blast furnaces, size of converters, emission of waste water, dust per ton from steel production, quantity of coal used for each process in steel production and output capacity.  According to the new standards, blast furnaces under 450 cubic meters are targeted to be eliminated. These standards once again confirmed the central government’s determination to push forward the consolidation of this fragmented industry.  While the operational conditions become more stringent, more small and medium sized companies will likely to aggressively look for valued partners which could lead to opportunities for high quality acquisitions for us.  We believe the above government policy will strengthen our position as an industry consolidator by creating quantitative qualified potential acquisition targets.

 

Intellectual Property Rights

 

“Qiu Steel” is the registered trademark under which we sell hot-rolled carbon and silicon steel sheets products produced at General Steel (China). The “Qiu Steel” logo has been registered with the China National Trademark Bureau under No. 586433. “Qiu Steel” is registered under the GB 912-89 national quality standard and certified under the National Quality Assurance program.

 

“Baogang Tongyong” is the trademark under which we sell spiral-weld steel pipes products produced at Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture. This trademark is registered with China National Trademark Bureau.

 

 “Yu Long” is the registered trademark under which we sell rebar and high-speed wire products produced in Longmen Joint Venture. The trademark is registered under the ISO9001:2000 international quality standard.

 

“Heng Da” is the registered trademark under which we sell high-speed wire and rebar products produced at our Maoming facility. The trademark is registered under the ISO9001:2000 international quality standard.

 

 

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012

 

Sales

 

Three months ended March 31, 2012 compared with three months ended March 31, 2011

 

The following table sets forth sales and volume in metric tons for our Longmen Joint Venture.

 

    Three months ended              
    March 31, 2012     March 31, 2011     Change     Change  
in thousands, except metric tons   Volume     Sales     %     Volume     Sales     %    

Volume

%

    Sales %  
                                                 
Longmen Joint Venture     1,092,615     $ 643,275       99.3 %   1,169,314      $ 709,306       99.8 %     (6.6 )%     (9.3 )%
Others     82,685       4,766       0.7 %   19,625        1,158       0.2 %     321.3 %     311.7 %
Total Sales     1,175,300     $ 648,041       100.0 %   1,188,939      $ 710,464       100.0 %     (1.1 )%     (8.8 )%

 

Total sales for the three months ended March 31, 2012 decreased by 8.8% to $648.0 million from $710.5 million for the same period in 2011. The decrease in sales compared to the same period in 2011 was predominantly due to the combined effects of decreased sales volume and average selling price. Longmen Joint Venture comprised approximately 99.3% and 99.8% of total sales for the first quarter 2012 and 2011, respectively. Sales volume of rebar decreased by 6.6% to 1.1 million metric tons, compared to 1.2 million metric tons in the same period in 2011.  The average selling price of rebar decreased by 2.9% to approximately $588.7 per ton in the first quarter of 2012 from approximately $606.6 per ton in the same period of 2011. Our product demands and prices had been rising in the first three quarters of 2011 until the end of the third quarter of 2011. In the fourth quarter of 2011, as a result of the China and global steel industry over-capacity, Chinese economic control polices and the financial crisis, commodity prices abruptly plummeted in the fourth quarter of 2011. With weakened demand, market forces kicked-in and the price of steel dropped substantially. As such, both our sales volume and prices have dropped during the first quarter of 2012 in comparison to the same period of 2011.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2012, sales to third parties decreased by 23.5% to $383.8 million as compared to $501.5 million for the same period in 2011, while sales to related parties increased by 26.4% to $264.2 million as compared to $209.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011. The increase of sales to related parties was mainly due to our marketing strategy to expand our markets in rural areas in Xian city, and Sichuan Province and the sales network to the new related party customers were established after the first quarter of 2011. As such, we had sales to the new related party customers during the first quarter of 2012 while we did not have any sales to these customers in the same period of 2011. However, the decrease of sales to third parties is mainly due to weakened demand resulting from the over-capacity issues discussed above, along with sales to third parties in the rural areas in Xian city and Sichuan Province being affected by the weakened demand.

 

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Our five major customers were all distributors and collectively represented approximately 45.0% of our total sales for the three months ended March 31, 2012 as compared to 32.3% of our total sales for the three months ended March 31, 2011. These five customers included related parties and major distributors owned by central government. As we are the largest supplier in Shaanxi province, we maintain a good relationship with these five customers to stabilize our sales channel. 

 

Cost of Goods Sold

 

Three months ended March 31, 2012 compared with three months ended March 31, 2011

 

    Three months ended              
    March 31, 2012     March 31, 2011     Change     Change  
in thousands, except metric tons   Volume     Cost of
Goods Sold
    %     Volume     Cost of
Goods Sold
    %     Volume
%
   

Cost of
Goods Sold

%

 
                                                 
Longmen Joint Venture     1,092,615     $ 637,177       99.2 %    1,169,314      $ 703,708       99.8 %     (6.6 )%     (9.5 )%
Others     82,685       5,234       0.8 %    19,625        1,707       0.2 %     321.3 %     206.7 %
Total Cost of Goods Sold     1,175,300     $ 642,411       100.0 %   1,188,939      $ 705,415       100.0 %     (1.1 )%     (8.9 )%

 

 Our primary cost of goods sold is the cost of raw materials such as iron ore, coke, alloy and scrap steel. The costs of iron ore and coke account for approximately 85% of our total cost of sales. The cost of goods sold decreased by 8.9% to $642.4 million in the first quarter of 2012 from $705.4 million in the same period of 2011. The decrease was mainly driven by the decreasing sales volume and unit costs of raw materials as a result of the decline in iron ore and coke purchase prices of approximately 6.3% and 4.7%, respectively for the three months ended March 31, 2012 as compared to the same period in 2011, offset by higher overhead cost rate being allocated to each individual unit. In addition, we provided valuation allowance of approximately $13.5 million of inventory for impairment for our raw materials due to the drop in market price of iron ore and coke products as of March 31, 2012. As such, the average costs of rebar manufactured decreased by 3.1% to approximately $583.2 per ton in the first quarter of 2012 from approximately $601.8 per ton in the same period of 2011.

 

Gross Profit

 

Three months ended March 31, 2012 compared with three months ended March 31, 2011

 

    Three months ended        
    March 31, 2012     March 31, 2011     Change  
in thousands, except metric tons   Volume     Gross
Profit
(Loss)
    Margin
%
  Volume     Gross
Profit
(Loss)
    Margin
%
    Gross
Profit
%
 
                                           
Longmen Joint Venture     1,092,615     $ 6,098       0.9 %     1,169,314     $ 5,598       0.8 %     8.9 %
Others     82,685       (468 )     (9.8 )%     19,625       (549     (47.4 )%     (14.8 )%
Total Gross Profit     1,175,300     $ 5,630       0.9 %     1,188,939     $ 5,049       0.7 %     11.5 %

 

Gross profit for the first quarter of 2012 was $5.6 million, or 0.9% of total sales, as compared to a gross profit of $5.0 million, or 0.7% of total sales in the same period in 2011. The increase in gross margin percentage was mainly attributable to the percentage decrease of average rebar selling price of 2.9%, which was lower than the percentage decrease of costs of rebar manufactured of 3.1% for three months ended March 31, 2012 as compared to the same period of 2011.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (“SG&A”)

 

Three months ended March 31, 2012 compared with three months ended March 31, 2011

 

(in thousands)   Three months ended        
    March 31, 2012     March 31, 2011     Change %  
                   
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses   $ 18,629     $ 14,501       28.5 %
SG&A Expenses As a Percentage of Total Revenue     2.9 %     2.0 %        

 

 SG&A expenses, such as travel expenses and transportation fees, executive compensation, salaries and wages, land use rental fees, legal and accounting fees, increased by 28.5% to $18.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012, compared to $14.5 million for the same period in 2011.

 

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Selling expenses increased by 69.7% to $8.9 million as compared to $5.3 million in the same period of 2011. The increase was mainly due to the rise of transportation and sales agent charges at Longmen Joint Venture, which related to the increase of shipment volume and long distance sales deliveries expanding to markets in rural areas in Xian city, Sichuan Province and Gansu Province.

 

In addition, general and administration (“G&A”) expenses increased by 5.1% to $9.7 million as compared to $9.2 million in the same period of 2011. The increase was mainly due to the rise of executive compensation, salaries and wages, land use rental fees, legal and accounting and maintenance facility expenses.

 

Loss from Operations

 

Three months ended March 31, 2012 compared with three months ended March 31, 2011

 

(in thousands)   Three months ended        
    March 31, 2012     March 31, 2011     Change %  
                         
Loss from Operations   $ (12,999 )   $ (9,452 )     37.5 %

 

 

Loss from operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012 increased to $13.0 million from $9.5 million for the same period in 2011. The increase in loss from operations was predominantly due to the increase in SG&A expenses offset by the increase in gross profit during the three months ended March 31, 2012, as compared to the same period in 2011.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

Three months ended March 31, 2012 compared with three months ended March 31, 2011

 

(in thousands)  Three months ended     
   March 31, 2012   March 31, 2011   Change % 
             
Interest income  $5,556   $1,063    422.7%
Finance/interest expense   (37,527)   (14,119)   165.8%
Financing cost on capital lease   (10,839)   -    - 
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   (13)   3,552    (100.4)%
Gain (loss) on disposal of equipment   (119)   (397)   (70.0)%
Income (loss) from equity investment   (43)   1,655    (102.6)%
Foreign currency transaction gain   385    619    (37.8)%
Lease income   530    452    17.3%
Other non-operating income (expense), net   (143)   305    (146.9)%
Total other expense, net  $(42,213)  $(6,870)   514.5%

 

Total other expense, net, for the three months ended March 31, 2012 were $42.2 million, a 514.5% increase compared to $6.9 million for the same period in 2011. The increase was mainly a result of an increase of $34.2 million in financial expense, of which, $10.8 million was interest expense on capital lease, which we did not have for the first three months ended March 31, 2011, and $23.4 million of interest expense increase was primarily due to increased discounted notes receivable during the quarter of 2012 as compared to the same period in 2011 with higher discount rate than 2011 after the central government tightened the funding policy. The increased discount notes receivables in the first quarter of 2012 as we intended to cash out the notes receivables early before the maturity date to finance our operations.

 

The change in fair value of derivative liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2012 was a loss of $0.01 million compared to a gain of $3.6 million for the same period in 2011.

 

 According to U.S. GAAP, our December 2007 notes, December 2007 warrants and the December 2009 warrants are considered derivatives and therefore are carried at their fair market value at each financial reporting date with any changes in the fair value reported as gains or losses in our income statements.  One of the major drivers used to calculate the value of the derivatives is our stock price.

 

Income Taxes

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, we had a total tax provision of $0.5 million and a tax benefit of $2.8 million, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, we had current income tax provisions for our profitable subsidiaries, amounting to $0.3 million and $0.7 million, respectively. We had deferred income tax benefit of $3.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011, due to the Group’s net operating loss carried forward to offset operating income for the next five years. After the filing of the Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2010, management evaluated our future operating forecast based on the current steel market condition, and concluded the net operating loss may not be fully realizable and decided to provide 100% valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets. For the three months ended March 31, 2012, we evaluated the deferred tax assets remained in Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture and concluded the net operating loss may not be fully realizable and to provide 100% valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets. As such, we provided an allowance against the remaining deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2011 and had $0.2 million of deferred provision for income taxes.

 

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For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, we had effective tax rates of (1.0%) and 16.9%, respectively. The negative effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2012 was mainly due to a consolidated loss before income tax while we provided 100% valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets at Longmen Joint Venture and Baotou Steel Pipe Joint Venture. 

  

Net Loss

 

Three months ended March 31, 2012 compared with three months ended March 31, 2011

 

(in thousands)   Three months ended        
    March 31, 2012     March 31, 2011     Change %  
                   
Net Loss   $ (55,748 )    $ (13,571 )     310.8 %

 

 Net Loss attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.

 

Three months ended March 31, 2012 compared with three months ended March 31, 2011

 

(in thousands)   Three months ended        
    March 31, 2012     March 31, 2011     Change %  
                   
Net loss   $ (55,748 )   $ (13,571 )     310.8 %
Less: Net loss attributable to the noncontrolling interest     (20,964 )     (4,654 )     350.4 %
Net loss attributable to General Steel Holdings, Inc.   $ (34,784 )   $ (8,917 )     290.1 %

 

Net loss attributable to us for the three months ended March 31, 2012 increased to $34.8 million compared to $8.9 million for the same period in 2011. The increase in net loss attributable to us for the three months ended March 31, 2012 was mainly a result of an increase of $10.8 million in interest expense on the capital lease and an increase in $23.4 million of interest expense on bank borrowings, related parties borrowings and discounted notes receivables.

 

 We have subsidiaries in which we do not have a 100% ownership interest. Allocation of income or loss to these non-controlling interests is based on the percentage of their equity investment times the subsidiaries’ net income or loss.

 

Liquidity and capital resources

 

As of March 31, 2012, our current liabilities exceeded the current assets by approximately $735.2 million. Given our expected capital expenditure in the foreseeable future, we have comprehensively considered our available sources of funds as follows:

 

  · Financial support and credit guarantee from related parties; and
  · Other available sources of financing from domestic banks and other financial institutions given our credit history.

 

 Based on the above considerations, our Board of Directors is of the opinion that we have sufficient funds to meet our working capital requirements and debt obligations as they become due. As a result, our unaudited consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2012 have been prepared on a going concern basis.

 

As of March 31, 2012, we had cash and restricted cash aggregating $540.0 million, of which $455.5 million was restricted.

 

We believe our cash flows generated from operations and financing, which include customer prepayments and vendor financing, existing cash balances, and credit facilities will be adequate to finance our working capital requirements, fund capital expenditures, make required debt and interest payments, pay taxes, and support our operating strategies.

 

The steel business is capital intensive and we utilize leverage greater than our industry peers, which we believe enables us to generate revenue compared to our shareholder equity at a rate higher than our industry peers. We utilize leverage in the form of credit from banks, vendor financing and customer deposits and from other sources. This blended form of financing reduces our reliance on any single source.

 

Substantially all our operations are conducted in China and all of our revenues are denominated in Renminbi (RMB). RMB is subject to the exchange control regulation in China, and, as a result, we may have difficulty distributing any dividends outside of China due to People’s Republic of China (“PRC”) exchange control regulations that restrict its ability to convert RMB into U.S. Dollars.

 

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