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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 10-Q

 

(X)   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 for the quarterly period ended MARCH 31, 2014

 

(  )    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 for the transition period from ___________ to___________

 

Commission file number 1-8339

 

 

NORFOLK SOUTHERN CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Virginia

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation)

52-1188014

(IRS Employer Identification No.)

Three Commercial Place

Norfolk, Virginia

(Address of principal executive offices)

23510-2191

(Zip Code)

(757) 629-2680

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

No Change

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 

Large accelerated filer [X] Accelerated filer [  ]  Non-accelerated filer [  ]  Smaller reporting company [   ] 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2014

Common Stock ($1.00 par value per share)

 

309,646,086 (excluding 20,320,777 shares held by the registrant’s consolidated subsidiaries)


 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

 

NORFOLK SOUTHERN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES (NS)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Page

Part I.

Financial Information:

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements:

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Income

First Quarters of 2014 and 2013

 

 

3

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

First Quarters of 2014 and 2013

 

 

4

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

At March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013

 

 

5

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

First Quarters of 2014 and 2013

 

 

6

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

7

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

17

 

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

18

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

27

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

 

27

Part II.

Other Information:

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

 

28

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 

28

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

29

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

 

29

Signatures

 

 

30

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit Index

 

 

31

 

 

 

 

 


 


PART 1. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

Norfolk Southern Corporation and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Income

(Unaudited)

 

 

First Quarter

 

2014

 

2013

 

($ in millions, except per

 

share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Railway operating revenues

$ 

2,689 

 

$ 

2,738 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Railway operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

     Compensation and benefits

 

740 

 

 

780 

     Purchased services and rents

 

392 

 

 

393 

     Fuel

 

432 

 

 

429 

     Depreciation

 

237 

 

 

227 

     Materials and other

 

221 

 

 

218 

 

 

 

 

 

 

          Total railway operating expenses

 

2,022 

 

 

2,047 

 

 

 

 

 

 

          Income from railway operations

 

667 

 

 

691 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income – net

 

26 

 

 

135 

Interest expense on debt

 

139 

 

 

129 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Income before income taxes

 

554 

 

 

697 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for income taxes

 

186 

 

 

247 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Net income

$ 

368 

 

$ 

450 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Per share amounts

 

 

 

 

 

      Net income:

 

 

 

 

 

          Basic

$ 

1.18 

 

$ 

1.43 

          Diluted

 

1.17 

 

 

1.41 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Dividends

 

0.54 

 

 

0.50 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


 


Norfolk Southern Corporation and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(Unaudited)

 

 

First Quarter

 

2014

 

2013

 

($ in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

$ 

368 

 

$ 

450 

Other comprehensive income, before tax:

 

 

 

 

 

     Pension and other postretirement benefits

 

299 

 

 

36 

     Other comprehensive income of equity investees

 

3 

 

 

1 

Other comprehensive income, before tax

 

302 

 

 

37 

Income tax expense related to items of other   

 

 

 

 

 

     comprehensive income

 

(114)

 

 

(14)

     Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

188 

 

 

23 

 

 

 

 

 

 

          Total comprehensive income

$ 

556 

 

$ 

473 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.




Norfolk Southern Corporation and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

 

 

March 31,

 

December 31,

 

2014

 

2013

 

($ in millions)

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

   Cash and cash equivalents

$ 

1,522 

 

$ 

1,443 

   Short-term investments

 

10 

 

 

118 

   Accounts receivable – net

 

1,109 

 

 

1,024 

   Materials and supplies

 

240 

 

 

223 

   Deferred income taxes

 

179 

 

 

180 

   Other current assets

 

70 

 

 

87 

  Total current assets

 

3,130 

 

 

3,075 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments

 

2,466 

 

 

2,439 

Properties less accumulated depreciation of $10,512 and

 

 

 

 

 

   $10,387, respectively

 

26,768 

 

 

26,645 

Other assets

 

336 

 

 

324 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Total assets

$ 

32,700 

 

$ 

32,483 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

   Accounts payable

$ 

1,194 

 

$ 

1,265 

   Short-term debt

 

- 

 

 

100 

   Income and other taxes

 

323 

 

 

225 

   Other current liabilities

 

359 

 

 

270 

   Current maturities of long-term debt

 

445 

 

 

445 

   Total current liabilities

 

2,321 

 

 

2,305 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt

 

8,909 

 

 

8,903 

Other liabilities

 

1,130 

 

 

1,444 

Deferred income taxes

 

8,647 

 

 

8,542 

  Total liabilities

 

21,007 

 

 

21,194 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

   Common stock $1.00 per share par value, 1,350,000,000 shares

 

 

 

 

 

    authorized; outstanding 309,646,086 and 308,878,402 shares,

 

 

 

    respectively, net of treasury shares

311 

 

310 

   Additional paid-in capital

 

2,085 

 

 

2,021 

   Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(193)

 

 

(381)

   Retained income

 

9,490 

 

 

9,339 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Total stockholders’ equity

 

11,693 

 

 

11,289 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$ 

32,700 

 

$ 

32,483 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.




Norfolk Southern Corporation and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

 

First Quarter

 

2014

 

2013

 

($ in millions)

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

  Net income

$ 

368 

 

$ 

450 

  Reconciliation of net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

238 

 

 

228 

Deferred income taxes

 

(8)

 

 

74 

Gains and losses on properties and investments

 

(2)

 

 

(99)

Changes in assets and liabilities affecting operations:

 

 

 

 

 

   Accounts receivable

 

(85)

 

 

(49)

   Materials and supplies

 

(17)

 

 

(30)

   Other current assets

 

17 

 

 

17 

   Current liabilities other than debt

 

86 

 

 

96 

Other – net

 

(9)

 

 

36 

         Net cash provided by operating activities

 

588 

 

 

723 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

  Property additions

 

(381)

 

 

(379)

  Property sales and other transactions

 

22 

 

 

19 

  Investments, including short-term

 

(3)

 

 

(5)

  Investment sales and other transactions

 

108 

 

 

(1)

          Net cash used in investing activities

 

(254)

 

 

(366)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

  Dividends

 

(167)

 

 

(157)

  Common stock issued – net

 

62 

 

 

55 

  Purchase and retirement of common stock

 

(50)

 

 

(33)

  Debt repayments

 

(100)

 

 

(203)

          Net cash used in financing activities

 

(255)

 

 

(338)

 

 

 

 

 

 

          Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

79 

 

 

19 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

   At beginning of period

 

1,443 

 

 

653 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   At end of period

$ 

1,522 

 

$ 

672 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

  Cash paid during the period for:

 

 

 

 

 

Interest (net of amounts capitalized)

$ 

75 

 

$ 

62 

Income taxes (net of refunds)

 

60 

 

 

23 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.




Norfolk Southern Corporation and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary to present fairly Norfolk Southern Corporation (Norfolk Southern) and subsidiaries’ (collectively, NS, we, us, and our) financial condition at March 31, 2014, and December 31, 2013, our results of operations, comprehensive income, and cash flows for the first quarters of 2014 and 2013 in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).

 

These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes included in our latest Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

1.  Stock-Based Compensation

 

During the first quarter of 2014, a committee of non-employee directors of our Board of Directors granted stock options, restricted stock units (RSUs) and performance share units (PSUs) pursuant to the Long-Term Incentive Plan (LTIP) and granted stock options pursuant to the Thoroughbred Stock Option Plan (TSOP) as discussed below. Stock-based compensation expense was $32 million and $37 million during the first quarters of 2014 and 2013, respectively. The total tax effects recognized in income in relation to stock-based compensation were net benefits of $10 million and $12 million for the first quarters of 2014 and 2013, respectively.

 

Stock Options

 

In the first quarter of 2014, 515,240 options were granted under LTIP and 181,070 options were granted under TSOP. In each case, the grant price was $94.17, which was the greater of the average fair market value of Norfolk Southern common stock (Common Stock) or the closing price of Common Stock on the effective date of the grant, and the options have a term of ten years. The options granted under LTIP and TSOP in 2014 may not be exercised prior to the fourth and third anniversaries of the date of grant, respectively. Holders of the 2014 options granted under LTIP who remain actively employed receive cash dividend equivalent payments for four years in an amount equal to the regular quarterly dividends paid on Common Stock. Dividend equivalent payments are not made on TSOP options.

 

The fair value of each option award in 2014 was measured on the date of grant using a lattice-based option valuation model. Expected volatilities are based on implied volatilities from traded options on, and historical volatility of, Common Stock. Historical data is used to estimate option exercises and employee terminations within the valuation model. The average expected option life is derived from the output of the valuation model and represents the period of time that all options granted are expected to be outstanding, including the branches of the model that result in options expiring unexercised. The average risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. For options granted that include dividend equivalent payments, a dividend yield of zero was used. A dividend yield of 2.29% was used for LTIP options for periods where no dividend equivalent payments are made as well as for TSOP options, which do not receive dividend equivalents.

 



The assumptions for the 2014 LTIP and TSOP grants are shown in the following table:

 

Expected volatility range

23% - 27%

Average expected volatility

25%

Average risk-free interest rate

2.79%

Average expected option term LTIP

8.9 years

Per-share grant-date fair value LTIP

$29.87

Average expected option term TSOP

8.8 years

Per-share grant-date fair value TSOP

$24.38

 

For the first quarter of 2014, options relating to 880,744 shares were exercised, yielding $40 million of cash proceeds and $11 million of tax benefit recognized as additional paid-in capital. For the first quarter of 2013, options relating to 1,024,614 shares were exercised, yielding $35 million of cash proceeds and $13 million of tax benefit recognized as additional paid-in capital.

 

Restricted Stock Units

 

During the first quarter of 2014, there were 113,505 RSUs granted with a grant-date fair value of $94.17 and a five-year restriction period. The RSUs granted in 2014 will be settled through the issuance of shares of Common Stock.

 

During the first quarter of 2014, 318,150 of the RSUs granted in 2009 vested, with 187,449 shares of Common Stock issued net of withholding taxes.  For the first quarter of 2013, 298,400 of the RSUs granted in 2008 vested, with 178,250 shares of Common Stock issued net of withholding taxes.  The total related tax benefits recognized as additional paid-in capital were $6 million and $2 million for the first quarters of 2014 and 2013, respectively.

 

Performance Share Units

 

PSUs provide for awards based on achievement of certain predetermined corporate performance goals at the end of a three-year cycle and are paid in the form of shares of Common Stock. During the first quarter of 2014, there were 399,530 PSUs granted.  PSUs will earn out based on the achievement of a return on average invested capital target (a performance condition) and a total shareholder return target (a market condition).  The grant-date fair values of the PSUs associated with the performance and market conditions were $94.17 and $50.31, respectively, with the market condition fair value measured on the date of grant using a Monte Carlo simulation model.

 

During the first quarter of 2014, 374,099 of the PSUs granted in 2011 were earned, with 223,253 shares of Common Stock issued net of withholding taxes.  For the first quarter of 2013, 577,585 of the PSUs granted in 2010 were earned, with 348,189 shares of Common Stock issued net of withholding taxes. The total related tax benefits recognized as additional paid-in capital were $5 million for the first quarter of both 2014 and 2013.




2.  Income Taxes

 

There have been no material changes to the balance of unrecognized tax benefits reported at December 31, 2013.  IRS examinations have been completed for all years prior to 2011, and we are not currently under audit for subsequent years.

 

3.  Earnings Per Share

 

 

Basic

 

Diluted

 

First Quarter

 

2014

 

2013

 

2014

 

2013

 

($ in millions except per share amounts,

 

shares in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

$ 

368 

 

$ 

450 

 

$ 

368 

 

$ 

450 

Dividend equivalent payments

 

(2)

 

 

(2)

 

 

(1)

 

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Income available to common stockholders

 

366 

 

 

448 

 

 

367 

 

 

449 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding

 

309.5 

 

 

314.5 

 

 

309.5 

 

 

314.5 

Dilutive effect of outstanding options

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     and share-settled awards

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.1 

 

 

3.6 

Adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

312.6 

 

 

318.1 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Earnings per share

$ 

1.18 

 

$ 

1.43 

 

$ 

1.17 

 

$ 

1.41 

 

During the first quarters of 2014 and 2013, dividend equivalent payments were made to holders of stock options and RSUs. For purposes of computing basic earnings per share, dividend equivalent payments made to holders of stock options and RSUs were deducted from net income to determine income available to common stockholders. For purposes of computing diluted earnings per share, we evaluate on a grant-by-grant basis those stock options and RSUs receiving dividend equivalent payments under the two-class and treasury stock methods to determine which method is the more dilutive for each grant. For those grants for which the two-class method was more dilutive, net income was reduced by dividend equivalent payments to determine income available to common stockholders. The diluted calculations exclude options having exercise prices exceeding the average market price of Common Stock as follows: 0.7 million for 2014 and 0.8 million for 2013.

 

4.  Stockholders’ Equity

 

Common Stock

 

Common Stock is reported net of shares held by our consolidated subsidiaries (Treasury Shares). Treasury Shares at March 31, 2014, and December 31, 2013, amounted to 20,320,777 shares, with a cost of $19 million at both dates.




Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

 

“Accumulated other comprehensive loss” reported in the Consolidated Balance Sheets consisted of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

Pensions

 

Other

 

Accumulated

 

and Other

 

Comprehensive

 

Other

 

Postretirement

 

Loss of Equity

 

Comprehensive

 

Benefits

 

Investees

 

Loss

 

($ in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2013

$ 

(310)

 

$ 

(71)

 

$ 

(381)

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Prior service benefit

 

367 

 

 

- 

 

 

367 

  Amounts reclassified into net income

 

12 

(1)

 

- 

 

 

12 

  Net gain (loss)

 

(80)

 

 

3 

 

 

(77)

  Tax expense

 

(114)

 

 

- 

 

 

(114)

     Other comprehensive income

 

185 

 

 

3 

 

 

188 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2014

$ 

(125)

 

$ 

(68)

 

$ 

(193)

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

Pensions

 

Other

 

Accumulated

 

and Other

 

Comprehensive

 

Other

 

Postretirement

 

Loss of Equity

 

Comprehensive

 

Benefits

 

Investees

 

Loss

 

($ in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2012

$ 

(999)

 

$ 

(110)

 

$ 

(1,109)

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Amounts reclassified into net income

 

36 

(1)

 

- 

 

 

36 

  Net gain

 

- 

 

 

1 

 

 

1 

  Tax expense

 

(14)

 

 

- 

 

 

(14)

     Other comprehensive income

 

22 

 

 

1 

 

 

23 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2013

$ 

(977)

 

$ 

(109)

 

$ 

(1,086)

 

(1) These items are included in the computation of net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs. See               

     Note 7, “Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits” for additional information.

 

5.  Stock Repurchase Program

 

We repurchased and retired 0.5 million shares of Common Stock in each of the first quarters of 2014 and 2013 at a cost of $50 million and $33 million, respectively. The timing and volume of purchases is guided by our assessment of market conditions and other pertinent factors. Any near-term share repurchases are expected to be made with internally generated cash, cash on hand, or proceeds from borrowings. Since the beginning of 2006, we have repurchased and retired 137.3 million shares at a total cost of $8.2 billion.

 




6.  Investment in Conrail

 

Through a limited liability company, we and CSX Corporation (CSX) jointly own Conrail Inc. (Conrail), whose primary subsidiary is Consolidated Rail Corporation (CRC). We have a 58% economic and 50% voting interest in the jointly owned entity, and CSX has the remainder of the economic and voting interests. Our investment in Conrail was $1.1 billion at both March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013.

 

CRC owns and operates certain properties (the Shared Assets Areas) for the joint and exclusive benefit of Norfolk Southern Railway Company (NSR) and CSX Transportation, Inc. (CSXT). The costs of operating the Shared Assets Areas are borne by NSR and CSXT based on usage. In addition, NSR and CSXT pay CRC a fee for access to the Shared Assets Areas. “Purchased services and rents” and “Fuel” include expenses for the use of the Shared Assets Areas totaling $34 million for both the first quarter of 2014 and 2013 Our equity in the earnings of Conrail, net of amortization, included in “Purchased services and rents” was $6 million the first quarter of 2014.  For the first quarter of 2013, this amounted to $9 million and was included in “Other income – net.

 

“Accounts payable” includes $193 million at March 31, 2014, and $187 million at December 31, 2013, due to Conrail for the operation of the Shared Assets Areas. In addition, “Other liabilities” includes $133 million at both March 31, 2014, and December 31, 2013, for long-term advances from Conrail, maturing 2035, that bear interest at an average rate of 4.4%.

 

7.  Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits

 

We have both funded and unfunded defined benefit pension plans covering principally salaried employees. We also provide specific health care and life insurance benefits to eligible retired employees; these plans can be amended or terminated at our option.  Under our self-insured retiree health care plan, a defined percentage of health care expenses is covered for retired employees and their dependents, reduced by any deductibles, coinsurance, and, in some cases, coverage provided under other group insurance policies. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Postretirement

 

Pension Benefits

 

Benefits

 

First Quarter

 

2014

 

2013

 

2014

 

2013

 

($ in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Service cost

$ 

9 

 

$ 

10 

 

$ 

2 

 

$ 

4 

Interest cost

 

23 

 

 

20 

 

 

8 

 

 

13 

Expected return on plan assets

 

(38)

 

 

(35)

 

 

(4)

 

 

(4)

Amortization of net losses

 

14 

 

 

22 

 

 

- 

 

 

14 

Amortization of prior service benefit

 

- 

 

 

- 

 

 

(2)

 

 

- 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Net cost

$ 

8 

 

$ 

17 

 

$ 

4 

 

$ 

27 

 

In the first quarter of 2014, we amended our retiree medical plan for participants who are Medicare eligible resulting in a remeasurement of our plan assets and obligations.  Effective July 1, 2014, participants who are Medicare-eligible will not be covered under the self-insured retiree health care plan but instead will be provided with an employer-funded health reimbursement account which can be used for reimbursement of health insurance premiums or eligible out-of-pocket medical expenses.  As required, the discount rate assumption was revised as a result of the remeasurement to 3.90% from 4.65% at December 31, 2013, and there were no significant changes to the expected return on plan assets, asset mix, mortality rates, or health care trend rates.   The prior service benefit associated with the plan amendment was $367 million and the actuarial losses associated with the change in discount rate were $80 million, resulting in a decrease in the benefit obligation of $287 million.  The estimated prior service benefit for the other postretirement benefit plans that will be amortized from accumulated other comprehensive loss into net periodic cost during the remainder of the year is $18 million.



For the remainder of 2014, we expect to contribute approximately $39 million to our other postretirement benefit plans for retiree health and life insurance benefits.  Benefit payments, which reflect expected future service, as appropriate, are expected to be paid as follows:

 

 

Other

 

Postretirement

 

Benefits

 

($ in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

Remainder of 2014

$ 

39 

2015

 

47 

2016

 

46 

2017

 

45 

2018

 

44 

Years 2019 - 2023

 

201 

 

8.  Fair Value

 

Fair Value Measurements

 

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codifications (ASC) 820-10, “Fair Value Measurements,” established a framework for measuring fair value and a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels, as follows:

 

Level 1

Inputs to the valuation methodology are unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that we have the ability to access.

 

 

Level 2

Inputs to the valuation methodology include:

 

         quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets;

         quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets;

         inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability;

         inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means.

 

 

 

If the asset or liability has a specified (contractual) term, the Level 2 input must be observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.

 

 

Level 3

Inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement.

 

The asset’s or liability’s fair value measurement level is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Other than those assets and liabilities described below that approximate fair value, there were no assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2014 or December 31, 2013.

 



Fair Values of Financial Instruments

 

We have evaluated the fair values of financial instruments and methods used to determine those fair values. The fair values of “Cash and cash equivalents,” “Short-term investments,” “Accounts receivable,” “Accounts payable,” and “Short-term debt” approximate carrying values because of the short maturity of these financial instruments. The carrying value of corporate-owned life insurance is recorded at cash surrender value and, accordingly, approximates fair value. The carrying amounts and estimated fair values for the remaining financial instruments, excluding investments accounted for under the equity method, consisted of the following:

 

 

March 31, 2014

 

December 31, 2013

 

Carrying

 

Fair

 

Carrying

 

Fair

 

Amount

 

Value

 

Amount

 

Value

 

($ in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term investments

$ 

149 

 

$ 

180 

 

$ 

148 

 

$ 

177 

Long-term debt, including current maturities

 

(9,354)

 

 

(10,989)

 

 

(9,348)

 

 

(10,673)

 

Underlying net assets were used to estimate the fair value of investments with the exception of notes receivable, which are based on future discounted cash flows. The fair values of long-term debt were estimated based on quoted market prices or discounted cash flows using current interest rates for debt with similar terms, company rating, and remaining maturity.

 

The following table sets forth the fair value of long-term investment and long-term debt balances disclosed above by valuation technique level, within the fair value hierarchy (there were no level 3 valued assets or liabilities).

 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Total

 

($ in millions)

March 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Long-term investments

$ 

49 

 

$ 

131 

 

$ 

180 

   Long-term debt, including current maturities

 

(10,763)

 

 

(226)

 

 

(10,989)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Long-term investments

$ 

47 

 

$ 

130 

 

$ 

177 

    Long-term debt, including current maturities

 

(10,449)

 

 

(224)

 

 

(10,673)

 

9.  Commitments and Contingencies

 

Lawsuits

 

We and/or certain subsidiaries are defendants in numerous lawsuits and other claims relating principally to railroad operations.  When we conclude that it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the liability can be reasonably estimated, it is accrued through a charge to earnings.  While the ultimate amount of liability incurred in any of these lawsuits and claims is dependent on future developments, in our opinion, the recorded liability is adequate to cover the future payment of such liability and claims.  However, the final outcome of any of these lawsuits and claims cannot be predicted with certainty, and unfavorable or unexpected outcomes could result in additional accruals that could be significant to results of operations in a particular year or quarter.  Any adjustments to the recorded liability will be reflected in earnings in the periods in which such adjustments are known.

 

Two of our customers, DuPont and Sunbelt Alkai Partnership (Sunbelt), filed rate reasonableness complaints before the Surface Transportation Board (STB) alleging that our tariff rates for transportation of regulated movements are unreasonable.  Since June 1, 2009, in the case of DuPont, and since April 1, 2011, in the case of Sunbelt, we have been billing and collecting amounts based on the challenged tariff rates.  On March 14, 2014,



the STB resolved DuPont’s rate reasonableness complaint in our favor.  The STB’s findings in the DuPont rate case remain subject to technical corrections, requests for reconsideration, and appeal.  We dispute the allegations of the Sunbelt complaint and presently expect resolution of that case to occur in 2014.  With respect to the Sunbelt case, we believe the estimate of reasonably possible loss will not have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.  With regard to rate cases, we record adjustments to revenues in the periods, if and when, such adjustments are probable and estimable.

 

On November 6, 2007, various antitrust class actions filed against us and other Class I railroads in various Federal district courts regarding fuel surcharges were consolidated in the District of Columbia by the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation.  On June 21, 2012, the court certified the case as a class action.  The defendant railroads appealed this certification, and the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia vacated the District Court’s decision and remanded the case for further consideration.  We believe the allegations in the complaints are without merit and intend to vigorously defend the cases.  We do not believe the outcome of these proceedings will have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.  A lawsuit containing similar allegations against us and four other major railroads that was filed on March 25, 2008, in the U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota, was voluntarily dismissed by the plaintiff subject to a tolling agreement entered into in August 2008, and most recently extended in August 2013.

 

Casualty Claims

 

Casualty claims include employee personal injury and occupational claims as well as third-party claims, all exclusive of legal costs.  To aid in valuing our personal injury liability and determining the amount to accrue with respect to such claims during the year, we utilize studies prepared by an independent consulting actuarial firm.  Job-related accidental injury and occupational claims are subject to the Federal Employers’ Liability Act (FELA), which is applicable only to railroads.  FELA’s fault-based system produces results that are unpredictable and inconsistent as compared with a no-fault workers’ compensation system.  The variability inherent in this system could result in actual costs being different from the liability recorded.  While the ultimate amount of claims incurred is dependent on future developments, in our opinion, the recorded liability is adequate to cover the future payments of claims and is supported by the most recent actuarial study.  In all cases, we record a liability when the expected loss for the claim is both probable and estimable.

 

Employee personal injury claims – The largest component of casualties and other claims expense is employee personal injury costs.  The independent actuarial firm engaged by us provides quarterly studies to aid in valuing our employee personal injury liability and estimating personal injury expense.  The actuarial firm studies our historical patterns of reserving for claims and subsequent settlements, taking into account relevant outside influences.  The actuarial firm uses the results of these analyses to estimate the ultimate amount of liability, which includes amounts for incurred but unasserted claims. We adjust the liability quarterly based upon our assessment and the results of the study. Our estimate of loss liabilities is subject to inherent limitation given the difficulty of predicting future events such as jury decisions, court interpretations, or legislative changes and as such the actual loss may vary from the estimated liability recorded.

 

Occupational claims – Occupational claims (including asbestosis and other respiratory diseases, as well as conditions allegedly related to repetitive motion) are often not caused by a specific accident or event but rather allegedly result from a claimed exposure over time.  Many such claims are being asserted by former or retired employees, some of whom have not been employed in the rail industry for decades.  The independent actuarial firm provides an estimate of the occupational claims liability based upon our history of claim filings, severity, payments, and other pertinent facts.  The liability is dependent upon judgments we make as to the specific case reserves as well as judgments of the actuarial firm in the quarterly studies.  The actuarial firm’s estimate of ultimate loss includes a provision for those claims that have been incurred but not reported.  This provision is derived by analyzing industry data and projecting our experience into the future as far as can be reasonably determined.  We adjust the liability quarterly based upon our assessment and the results of the study.  However, it is possible that the recorded liability may not be adequate to cover the future payment of claims.  Adjustments to the recorded liability are reflected in operating expenses in the periods in which such adjustments become known.



 

Third-party claimsWe record a liability for third-party claims including those for highway crossing accidents, trespasser and other injuries, automobile liability, property damage, and lading damage.  The actuarial firm assists us with the calculation of potential liability for third-party claims, except lading damage, based upon our experience including the number and timing of incidents, amount of payments, settlement rates, number of open claims, and legal defenses. The actuarial estimate includes a provision for claims that have been incurred but not reported. We adjust the liability quarterly based upon our assessment and the results of the study.  Given the inherent uncertainty in regard to the ultimate outcome of third-party claims, it is possible that the actual loss may differ from the estimated liability recorded.

 

Environmental Matters

 

We are subject to various jurisdictions’ environmental laws and regulations.  We record a liability where such liability or loss is probable and its amount can be estimated reasonably.  Claims, if any, against third parties, for recovery of cleanup costs we have incurred are reflected as receivables (when collection is probable) in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and are not netted against the associated liability.  Environmental engineers regularly participate in ongoing evaluations of all known sites and in determining any necessary adjustments to liability estimates.  We have an Environmental Policy Council, composed of senior managers, to oversee and interpret our environmental policy.

 

Our Consolidated Balance Sheets include liabilities for environmental exposures of $57 million at March 31, 2014, and $58 million at December 31, 2013 (of which $15 million is classified as a current liability at the end of each period). At March 31, 2014, the liability represents our estimate of the probable cleanup, investigation, and remediation costs based on available information at 145 known locations and projects compared with 142 locations and projects at December 31, 2013. At March 31, 2014, eleven sites accounted for $30 million of the liability, and no individual site was considered to be material. We anticipate that much of this liability will be paid out over five years; however, some costs will be paid out over a longer period.

 

At 12 locations, one or more of our subsidiaries in conjunction with a number of other parties have been identified as potentially responsible parties under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 or comparable state statutes that impose joint and several liability for cleanup costs.  We calculate our estimated liability for these sites based on facts and legal defenses applicable to each site and not solely on the basis of the potential for joint liability.

 

With respect to known environmental sites (whether identified by us or by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or comparable state authorities), estimates of our ultimate potential financial exposure for a given site or in the aggregate for all such sites are necessarily imprecise because of the widely varying costs of currently available cleanup techniques, unpredictable contaminant recovery and reduction rates associated with available cleanup technologies, the likely development of new cleanup technologies, the difficulty of determining in advance the nature and full extent of contamination and each potential participant’s share of any estimated loss (and that participant’s ability to bear it), and evolving statutory and regulatory standards governing liability.

 

The risk of incurring environmental liability – for acts and omissions, past, present, and future – is inherent in the railroad business.  Some of the commodities we transport, particularly those classified as hazardous materials, pose special risks that we work diligently to minimize.  In addition, several of our subsidiaries own, or have owned, land used as operating property, or which is leased and operated by others, or held for sale.  Because environmental problems that are latent or undisclosed may exist on these properties, there can be no assurance that we will not incur environmental liabilities or costs with respect to one or more of them, the amount and materiality of which cannot be estimated reliably at this time.  Moreover, lawsuits and claims involving these and potentially other unidentified environmental sites and matters are likely to arise from time to time.  The resulting liabilities could have a significant effect on our financial position, results of operations, or liquidity in a particular year or quarter.

 



Based on our assessment of the facts and circumstances now known, we believe we have recorded the probable and reasonably estimable costs for dealing with those environmental matters of which we are aware.  Further, we believe that it is unlikely that any known matters, either individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.

 

Insurance

 

We obtain on behalf of ourself and our subsidiaries insurance for potential losses for third-party liability and first-party property damages.  We are currently self-insured up to $50 million and above $1.0 billion per occurrence and/or policy year for bodily injury and property damage to third parties and up to $25 million and above $175 million per occurrence and/or policy year for property owned by us or in our care, custody, or control.

 

Purchase Commitments

 

At March 31, 2014, we had outstanding purchase commitments totaling approximately $656 million for freight cars and containers, locomotives, track material, vehicle fleet additions, and track and yard expansion projects in connection with our capital programs through 2018 as well as long-term service contracts through 2018.




Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Stockholders

Norfolk Southern Corporation:

 

We have reviewed the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Norfolk Southern Corporation and subsidiaries as of March 31, 2014, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income and cash flows for the threemonth periods ended March 31, 2014 and 2013. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management.

 

We conducted our review in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.

 

Based on our review, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the consolidated financial statements referred to above for them to be in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

/s/KPMG LLP

KPMG LLP

Norfolk, Virginia
April 23, 2014




Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Norfolk Southern Corporation and Subsidiaries

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes.

 

OVERVIEW

 

We are one of the nation’s premier transportation companies.  Our Norfolk Southern Railway Company subsidiary operates approximately 20,000 miles of road in 22 states and the District of Columbia, serves every major container port in the eastern United States, and provides efficient connections to other rail carriers.  We operate the most extensive intermodal network in the East and are a major transporter of coal, automotive, and industrial products. 

 

Reflecting the absence of the gain from the sale of certain assets to the Michigan Department of Transportation in 2013, in addition to lower coal volumes and the impact of severe weather on our network in the current year, our net income decreased 18% in the first quarter of 2014, compared with the same period of 2013, and earnings per share declined 17%

 

Cash provided by operating activities for the first quarter of 2014 totaled $588 million, which along with cash on hand allowed for property additions, dividends, debt repayments, and share repurchases. In the first quarter of 2014, we repurchased 0.5 million shares of Norfolk Southern common stock (Common Stock) at a total cost of $50 million. Since inception of our stock repurchase program in 2006, we have repurchased and retired 137.3 million shares of Common Stock at a total cost of $8.2 billion. At March 31, 2014, cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments totaled $1.5 billion.

 

SUMMARIZED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

First quarter 2014 net income was $368 million, down $82 million, or 18%, compared with the same period last year. The prior year reflected the gain from the sale of certain assets to the Michigan Department of Transportation, which benefited net income by $60 million and earnings per share by $0.19.  First quarter 2014 net income reflected a $24 million, or 3%, decrease in income from railway operations, primarily due to a $49 million, or 2%, decline in railway operating revenues, as softness in our coal markets and the effects of severe weather on our operations overshadowed growth in our intermodal and general merchandise businesses.  The railway operating ratio (a measure of the amount of operating revenues consumed by operating expenses) rose to 75.2% for the first quarter of 2014, compared with 74.8% for the first quarter of 2013.

 

Oil prices affect our results of operations in a variety of ways and can have an overall favorable or unfavorable impact in any particular period. In addition to the impact of oil prices on general economic conditions, volume, and supplier costs, oil prices directly affect our revenues through market-based fuel surcharges and contract escalators (see “Railway Operating Revenues”) and also affect fuel costs (see “Railway Operating Expenses”).  For the first quarter of 2014, excluding the impact of consumption, fuel surcharge revenue increased, whereas fuel expense decreased.  Future changes in oil prices may cause volatility in operating results that could be material to a particular year or quarter.




DETAILED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Railway Operating Revenues

 

First quarter railway operating revenues were $2.7 billion in 2014, down $49 million, or 2%, compared with the first quarter of 2013As shown in the following table, the decrease for the quarter resulted from lower volume and average revenue per unit (which includes the effects of fuel surcharges).  Fuel surcharge revenue totaled $295 million for the first quarter of 2014 and $274 million for the first quarter of 2013.

 

 

First Quarter

 

2014 vs. 2013

 

(Decrease)

 

($ in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

Volume (units)

 

$ 

(32)

 

Revenue per unit

 

 

(17)

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Total

 

$ 

(49)

 

 

Many of our negotiated fuel surcharges for coal and industrial products shipments are based on the monthly average price of West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil (WTI Average Price). These surcharges are reset the first day of each calendar month based on the WTI Average Price for the second preceding calendar month. This two-month lag in applying WTI Average Price decreased fuel surcharge revenue by approximately $17 million for the first quarter of 2014 and approximately $23 million for the first quarter of 2013

 

Two of our customers, DuPont and Sunbelt Chlor Alkai Partnership (Sunbelt), filed rate reasonableness complaints before the Surface Transportation Board (STB) alleging that our tariff rates for transportation of regulated movements are unreasonable.  Since June 1, 2009, in the case of DuPont, and April 1, 2011, in the case of Sunbelt, we have been billing and collecting amounts based on the challenged tariff rates.  On March 14, 2014, the STB resolved DuPont’s rate reasonableness complaint in our favor.  The STB’s findings in the DuPont rate case remain subject to technical corrections, requests for reconsideration, and appeal.  We dispute the allegations of the Sunbelt complaint and presently expect resolution of that case to occur in 2014.  With respect to the Sunbelt case, we believe the estimate of reasonably possible loss will not have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.  With regard to rate cases, we record adjustments to revenues in the periods if and when such adjustments are probable and estimable.



 

Revenues, units, and average revenue per unit for our market groups were as follows:

 

 

First Quarter

 

Revenues

 

Units

 

Revenue per Unit

 

2014

 

2013

 

2014

 

2013

 

2014

 

2013

 

($ in millions)

 

(in thousands)

 

($ per unit)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coal

$ 

541 

 

$ 

635 

 

299.7 

 

343.2 

 

$ 

1,805 

 

$ 

1,850 

General merchandise:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Chemicals

 

443 

 

 

394 

 

116.1 

 

106.0 

 

 

3,820 

 

 

3,719 

    Agriculture/consumer/gov’t

 

361 

 

 

361 

 

147.1 

 

147.9 

 

 

2,457 

 

 

2,441 

    Metals and construction

 

331 

 

 

336 

 

149.9 

 

154.8 

 

 

2,207 

 

 

2,172 

    Automotive

 

227 

 

 

244 

 

92.3 

 

98.7 

 

 

2,455 

 

 

2,467 

    Paper/clay/forest

 

190 

 

 

195 

 

72.4 

 

76.6 

 

 

2,620 

 

 

2,539 

General merchandise

 

1,552 

 

 

1,530 

 

577.8 

 

584.0 

 

 

2,686 

 

 

2,619 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intermodal

 

596 

 

 

573 

 

885.1 

 

856.4 

 

 

673 

 

 

669 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

        Total

$ 

2,689 

 

$ 

2,738 

 

1,762.6 

 

1,783.6 

 

 

1,525 

 

 

1,535 

 

Coal

 

Coal revenues decreased $94 million, or 15%, in the first quarter, compared with the same period last year, reflecting a 13% decline in carload volume and a 2% decrease in average revenue per unit.  Coal tonnage by market was as follows:

 

 

First Quarter

 

2014

 

2013

 

(tons in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Utility

 

21,196 

 

 

23,958 

Export

 

6,503 

 

 

8,419 

Domestic metallurgical

 

3,186 

 

 

4,042 

Industrial

 

1,971 

 

 

1,800 

 

 

 

 

 

 

        Total

 

32,856 

 

 

38,219 

 

Utility coal tonnage decreased 12%, primarily due to the loss of business from a northern utility and customer sourcing changes.  Export coal tonnage declined 23%, as US coal suppliers faced strong competition in a well-supplied global market.  Domestic metallurgical coal tonnage was down 21% due to the impact of severe winter weather on our network (which led to lower network velocity that delayed equipment), facility shutdowns and curtailments related to weakened customer demand, and customer sourcing shifts.  Industrial coal tonnage increased 10% as a result of new business opportunities with existing customers.

 

Coal revenues for the remainder of the year are expected to be lower compared to last year due to lower volumes and lower average revenue per unit.

 

General Merchandise

 

General merchandise revenues increased $22 million, or 1%, in the first quarter, compared with the same period last year, as a 3% improvement in average revenue per unit was partially offset by a 1% decrease in carload volume.

 



Chemicals volume increased 10%, largely driven by higher shipments of crude oil originated from the Bakken and Canadian oil fields.  Additionally, the cold winter weather boosted demand for liquefied petroleum gas, but it also resulted in fewer shipments of liquid sulfur and asphalt.

 

Agriculture, consumer products, and government volume reflected a slight decline of 1%, as the late harvest and deferred purchases by farmers led to fewer shipments of fertilizer, in addition to lower more normalized soybean meal volumes.  These declines were partially offset by higher shipments of corn and wheat.

 

Metals and construction volume decreased 3%, reflecting fewer shipments of scrap metal as demand from mills declined, as well as reduced shipments of iron and steel as result of a plant closure and customer sourcing changes.

 

Automotive volume declined 6%, as the severe winter weather led to lower network velocity that produced equipment shortages.

 

Paper, clay, and forest products volume decreased 5%, reflecting the continued impact of the decline in demand for newsprint and paper, fewer shipments of miscellaneous wood driven by loss of business, and reduced carloads of pulp due to production issues and loss of business.

 

General merchandise revenues for the remainder of the year are expected to increase as compared to last year due to higher volumes and improved average revenue per unit.

 

Intermodal

 

Intermodal revenues increased $23 million, or 4%, in the first quarter, compared with the same period last year, reflecting a 3% increase in volumes and a 1% increase in average revenue per unit.   

 

Domestic volume grew 4% as a result of continued highway conversions and growth associated with the Crescent Corridor. 

 

International volume improved 1% due to growth with existing customers, as well as new service lanes.

 

Intermodal revenues for the remainder of the year are expected to be higher compared to last year due to volume increases and improved average revenue per unit.

 

Railway Operating Expenses

 

First-quarter railway operating expenses were $2.0 billion in 2014, down $25 million, or 1%, compared with the same period last year, primarily due to lower postretirement and pension benefit costs.  These declines were partially offset by higher costs incurred as a result of more severe winter weather conditions which we estimate to be approximately $45 million.

 



Compensation and benefits expense decreased $40 million, or 5%, reflecting changes in:

         postretirement and pension benefit costs (down $32 million) primarily due to net actuarial gains and the effects of plan amendments to our retiree medical plan,

         lower employee activity levels (down $12 million) that offset increased weather-related labor costs,

         health and welfare benefit costs (down $7 million), and

         pay rates (up $14 million).

 

During the first quarter, we amended our retiree medical plan to provide for fixed contributions to retiree health reimbursement accounts.  We now expect expenses for postretirement and pension benefits to be about $40 million lower per quarter for the remainder of 2014.

 

Purchased services and rents includes the costs of services provided by outside contractors, the net costs of operating joint (or leased) facilities with other railroads and the net cost of equipment rentals. This category of expenses decreased $1 million, reflecting lower locomotive and equipment rents, in addition to lower professional services and consultant fees.  These favorable items were partially offset by higher weather-related expenses. 

 

The following table shows the components of purchased services and rents expenses:

 

 

First Quarter

 

2014

 

2013

 

($ in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchased services

$ 

324 

 

$ 

321 

Equipment rents

 

68 

 

 

72 

 

 

 

 

 

 

        Total

$ 

392 

 

$ 

393 

 

Fuel expense, which includes the cost of locomotive fuel as well as other fuel used in railway operations, increased $3 million, or 1%, as higher locomotive fuel consumption (up 3%) was partially offset by lower fuel prices (down 3%).  The increase in fuel consumption was largely due to network inefficiencies caused by the severe winter weather.

 

Materials and other expenses increased $3 million, or 1%, as shown in the following table.   

 

 

First Quarter

 

2014

 

2013

 

($ in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Materials

$ 

108 

 

$ 

101 

Casualties and other claims

 

30 

 

 

35 

Other

 

83 

 

 

82 

 

 

 

 

 

 

        Total

$ 

221 

 

$ 

218 

 

In the first quarter, increased maintenance activity (partly due to weather) led to higher material costs that more than offset lower expenses for casualties and other claims (related to environmental matters).  Casualties and other claims expenses include the estimates of costs related to personal injury, property damage, and environmental matters. 

 

Depreciation expense increased $10 million, or 4%, due to the effects of a larger capital base.

 




Other Income – Net

 

Other income – net decreased $109 million in the first quarter of 2014, primarily due to the absence of the prior year $97 million land sale gain in Michigan.  The quarter also reflected reduced coal royalties and returns on corporate-owned life insurance.

 

Provision for Income Taxes

 

The first-quarter effective income tax rate was 33.6%, compared with 35.4% for the same period last year.  The decrease was primarily due to a $20 million favorable reduction in deferred tax expense for state law changes (which reduced the effective rate by three and a half percentage points), offset in part by the absence of $9 million in income tax benefits we recognized in the first quarter of 2013 for certain tax credits retroactively reinstated by the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, which was signed into law on January 2, 2013.

 

Fifty-percent bonus depreciation was allowed for federal income taxes in 2013 but has not been extended to 2014.  While bonus depreciation does not affect our total provision for income taxes or effective rate, the absence of bonus depreciation will increase current income tax expense and the related cash outflows for the payment of income taxes in 2014 as compared to 2013.

 

IRS examinations have been completed for all years prior to 2011, and we are not currently under audit for subsequent years.

 

FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY

 

Cash provided by operating activities, our principal source of liquidity, was $588 million for the first quarter of 2014, compared with $723 million for the same period of 2013, primarily reflecting higher tax payments and lower operating income. 

 

We had working capital of $809 million at March 31, 2014, compared with $770 million at December 31, 2013.  Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments totaled $1.5 billion at March 31, 2014, and were invested in accordance with our corporate investment policy as approved by our Board of Directors. The portfolio contains securities that are subject to market risk.  There are no limits or restrictions on our access to the assets.  We expect cash on hand combined with cash provided by operating activities will be sufficient to meet our ongoing obligations.  During the first quarter of 2014, we committed to purchase approximately $270 million of freight cars and containers.  Other than these items, there have been no material changes to the information on our future obligations contained in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.

 

Cash used in investing activities was $254 million for the first quarter of 2014, compared with $366 million in the same period last year, primarily reflecting an increase in investment maturities.

 

Cash used in financing activities was $255 million in the first quarter of 2014, compared with $338 million in the same period last year. The change includes reduced debt repayments, offset in part by higher share repurchase activity and increased dividends.  In the first quarters of 2014 and 2013, we repurchased 0.5 million shares of Common Stock, totaling $50 million and $33 million, respectively.  The timing and volume of future share repurchases will be guided by our assessment of market conditions and other pertinent factors.  Any near-term purchases under the program are expected to be made with internally generated cash, cash on hand, or proceeds from borrowings. 

 

Our total debt-to-total capitalization ratio was 44.4% at March 31, 2014, and 45.6% at December 31, 2013.

 

We have authority from our Board of Directors to issue an additional $800 million of debt or equity securities through public or private sale.  We have on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission a Form S-3



automatic shelf registration statement for well-known seasoned issuers under which securities may be issued pursuant to this authority.

 

We also have in place and available a $750 million, five-year credit agreement expiring in 2016, which provides for borrowings at prevailing rates and includes covenants.  We had no amounts outstanding under this facility at March 31, 2014, and are in compliance with all of our covenants.  In October 2013, we renewed our $350 million accounts receivable securitization program with a 364-day term to run until October 2014. There was $100 million and $200 million outstanding under this program at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.

 

APPLICATION OF CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

 

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. These estimates and assumptions may require significant judgment about matters that are inherently uncertain, and future events are likely to occur that may require us to make changes to these estimates and assumptions. Accordingly, we regularly review these estimates and assumptions based on historical experience, changes in the business environment, and other factors we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances.  We regularly discuss the development, selection, and disclosures concerning critical accounting estimates with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors. There have been no significant changes to the application of critical accounting estimates disclosure contained in our Form 10-K at December 31, 2013.

 

OTHER MATTERS

 

Labor Agreements

 

More than 80% of our railroad employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements with various labor unions. These agreements remain in effect until changed pursuant to the Railway Labor Act.  We largely bargain nationally in concert with other major railroads, represented by the National Carriers Conference Committee (NCCC).  Moratorium provisions in the labor agreements govern when the railroads and the unions may propose change to the agreements.

 

We and the NCCC have concluded the round of bargaining that began in November 2009 and reached agreements that extend through December 31, 2014 with all applicable labor unions.  With regard to the Wheelersburg (Ohio) Terminal workers who are represented by the Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employes Division (BMWED), negotiations were concluded and an agreement was reached on February 27, 2014.

 

Environmental Matters

 

We are subject to various jurisdictions’ environmental laws and regulations.  We record a liability where such liability or loss is probable and its amount can be estimated reasonably. Claims, if any, against third parties for recovery of cleanup costs we have incurred, are reflected as receivables (when collection is probable) in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and are not netted against the associated liability. Environmental engineers regularly participate in ongoing evaluations of all known sites and in determining any necessary adjustments to liability estimates.  We have an Environmental Policy Council, composed of senior managers, to oversee and interpret our environmental policy.

 

Our Consolidated Balance Sheets include liabilities for environmental exposures of $57 million at March 31, 2014, and $58 million at December 31, 2013 (of which $15 million is classified as a current liability at the end of each period).  At March 31, 2014, the liability represents our estimate of the probable cleanup, investigation, and remediation costs based on available information at 145 known locations and projects. At that date, eleven sites



accounted for $30 million of the liability, and no individual site was considered to be material. We anticipate that much of this liability will be paid out over five years; however, some costs will be paid out over a longer period.

 

At 12 locations, one or more of our subsidiaries in conjunction with a number of other parties, have been identified as potentially responsible parties under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, or comparable state statutes that impose joint and several liability for cleanup costs.  We calculate our estimated liability for these sites based on facts and legal defenses applicable to each site and not solely on the basis of the potential joint liability.

 

With respect to known environmental sites (whether identified by us or the EPA, or comparable state authorities), estimates of our ultimate potential financial exposure for a given site or in the aggregate for all such sites are necessarily imprecise because of the widely varying costs of currently available cleanup techniques, unpredictable contaminant recovery and reduction rates associated with available clean-up technologies, the likely development of new cleanup technologies, the difficulty of determining in advance the nature and full extent of contamination and each potential participant’s share of any estimated loss (and that participant’s ability to bear it), and evolving statutory and regulatory standards governing liability. We estimate our environmental remediation liability on a site-by-site basis, using assumptions and judgments we deem appropriate for each site. As a result, it is not practical to quantitatively describe the effects of changes in these many assumptions and judgments. We have consistently applied our methodology of estimating our environmental liabilities.

 

Based on our assessment of facts and circumstances now known, we believe we have recorded the probable and reasonably estimable costs for dealing with those environmental matters of which we are aware. Further, we believe that it is unlikely that any known matters, either individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.

 

Inflation

 

In preparing financial statements, GAAP requires the use of historical cost that disregards the effects of inflation on the replacement cost of property.  As a capital-intensive company, most of our capital is invested in long-lived assets.  The replacement cost of these assets, as well as the related depreciation expense, would be substantially greater than the amounts reported on the basis of historical cost.

 



FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains forward-looking statements that may be identified by the use of words like “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “consider,” “project, and similar references to the future.  Forward-looking statements reflect our good-faith evaluation of information currently available.

 

However, such statements are dependent on and, therefore, can be influenced by, a number of external variables over which we have little or no control, including: significant governmental legislation and regulation over commercial, operating and environmental matters; transportation of hazardous materials as a common carrier by rail; acts of terrorism or war; general economic conditions including, but not limited to, fluctuation and competition within the industries of our customers; climate change legislative and regulatory developments; competition and consolidation within the transportation industry; the operations of carriers with which we interchange; disruptions to our technology infrastructure, including computer systems; labor difficulties, including strikes and work stoppages; results of litigation; natural events such as severe weather, hurricanes, and floods; unpredictable demand for rail services; fluctuation in supplies and prices of key materials, in particular diesel fuel; and changes in securities and capital markets.  For a discussion of significant risk factors applicable to our business, see Part II, Item 1A “Risk Factors.”  Forward-looking statements are not, and should not be relied upon as, a guarantee of future performance or results, nor will they necessarily prove to be accurate indications of the times at or by which any such performance or results will be achieved. As a result, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from those expressed in forward-looking statements.  We undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements.




Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

The information required by this item is included in Part I, Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” under the heading “Market Risks.”

 

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, with the assistance of management, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act)) at March 31, 2014.  Based on such evaluation, our officers have concluded that, at March 31, 2014, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective in alerting them on a timely basis to material information required to be included in our periodic filings under the Exchange Act.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

During the first quarter of 2014, we have not identified any changes in internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.




PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings

 

On November 6, 2007, various antitrust class actions filed against us and other Class I railroads in various Federal district courts regarding fuel surcharges were consolidated in the District of Columbia by the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation.  On June 21, 2012, the court certified the case as a class action.  The defendant railroads appealed this certification, and the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia vacated the District Court’s decision and remanded the case for further consideration.  We believe the allegations in the complaints are without merit and intend to vigorously defend the cases.  We do not believe the outcome of these proceedings will have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.  A lawsuit containing similar allegations against us and four other major railroads that was filed on March 25, 2008, in the U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota was voluntarily dismissed by the plaintiff subject to a tolling agreement entered into in August 2008, and most recently extended in August 2013.

 

We received a Notice of Violation (NOV) issued by the Tennessee Department of Environmental Conservation concerning soil runoff in connection with construction of the Memphis Regional Intermodal Facility in Rossville, Tennessee.  Although we will contest liability and the imposition of any penalties, this matter is described here consistent with SEC rules and requirements concerning governmental proceedings with respect to environmental laws and regulations.  We do not believe that the outcome of this proceeding will have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.

 

In or around 2012, a building located on non-operating property formerly leased to various tenants in Williamson, West Virginia, was demolished and the related debris and waste were disposed of at a local landfill.  Upon further investigation in March 2014, it became uncertain as to whether asbestos abatement was properly conducted on the building prior to demolition.  Although the matter is under further investigation, we have self-reported it to the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection, and it is described here consistent with SEC rules and requirements concerns governmental proceedings with respect to environmental laws and regulations.  We do not believe that the outcome of this proceeding will have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

The risk factors included in our 2013 Form 10-K remain unchanged and are incorporated herein by reference.




Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(c) Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of

 

 

(d) Maximum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Number (or

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(or Units)

 

 

Approximate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchased

 

 

Dollar Value)

 

 

 

 

 

(a) Total

 

 

 

 

 

as Part of

 

 

of Shares (or Units)

 

 

 

 

 

Number

 

 

(b) Average

 

 

Publicly

 

 

that may yet be

 

 

 

 

 

of Shares

 

 

Price Paid

 

 

Announced

 

 

purchased under

 

 

 

 

 

(or Units)

 

 

per Share

 

 

Plans or

 

 

the Plans or

 

 

 

Period

 

 

Purchased

(1)

 

(or Unit)

 

 

Programs

(2)

 

Programs

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

January 1-31, 2014

 

 

5,109 

 

 

91.74

 

 

- 

 

 

38,278,367 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February 1-28, 2014

 

 

257,258 

 

 

91.96

 

 

252,650 

 

 

38,025,717 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 1-31, 2014

 

 

284,225 

 

 

95.67

 

 

279,932 

 

 

37,745,785 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

546,592 

 

 

 

 

 

532,582 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

Of this amount, 14,010 represents shares tendered by employees in connection with the exercise of options under the stockholder-approved Long-Term Incentive Plan.

(2)

Our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program, pursuant to which up to 125 million shares of Common Stock could be purchased through December 31, 2014.  On August 1, 2012, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to an additional 50 million shares of Common Stock through December 31, 2017.

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

See Exhibit Index beginning on page 31 for a description of the exhibits filed as part of this report.




SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NORFOLK SOUTHERN CORPORATION

Registrant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Date:

 

April 23, 2014

 

/s/Thomas E. Hurlbut

Thomas E. Hurlbut

Vice President and Controller

(Principal Accounting Officer) (Signature)