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EX-31.2 - SECTION 302 CERTIFICATION UNDER SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002 OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER - Friendable, Inc.exhibit_31-2.htm
EX-31.1 - SECTION 302 CERTIFICATION UNDER SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002 OF THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER - Friendable, Inc.exhibit_31-1.htm
EX-32.1 - SECTION 302 CERTIFICATION UNDER SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002 OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER - Friendable, Inc.exhibit_32-1.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended:   December 31, 2012
or

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from __________________ to __________________

Commission file number: 000-52917

TITAN IRON ORE CORP. 

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Nevada
 
98-0546715
State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization
 
Identification No.)

3040 North Campbell Ave. #110, Tucson, Arizona 85719 

(Address of principal executive offices and Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
(520) 989-0020

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act

Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Nil
 
N/A

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act

Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share 

(Title of Class)

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes o No x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.   Yes o No x

Note – Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of  the Exchange Act from their obligations under those Sections.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
 Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). 
Yes x   No o

 
1

 


Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information  statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer
o
 
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
 Yes o No x

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

As of June 30, 2012, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $20,219,870, based on the closing price (last sale of the day) for the registrant’s common stock on the OTC Bulletin Board on June 30, 2012 of $0.47 per share.

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE REGISTRANTS

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. As of March 25, 2013, there were 53,320,040, shares of the registrant’s common stock issued and outstanding.


DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Not Applicable



 
2

 

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
PART I
   ITEM 1.
BUSINESS
  4
   ITEM 1A.
RISK FACTORS
  13
   ITEM 1B.
UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
  22
   ITEM 2.
PROPERTIES
  22
   ITEM 3.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
  27
   ITEM 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
  27
       
PART II 
 
   ITEM 5.
MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
  27
   ITEM 6
SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
  29
   ITEM 7.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
  29
   ITEM 7A
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
  35
   ITEM 8.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
  36
   ITEM 9.
CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE
  37
   ITEM 9A.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
  37
   ITEM 9B.
OTHER INFORMATION
  38
       
PART III 
 
   ITEM 10.
DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
  38
   ITEM 11.
EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
  42
   ITEM 12.
SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS
  45
   ITEM 13.
CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE
  46
   ITEM 14.
PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES
  47
       
PART IV 
 
   ITEM 15.
EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES
  48
       
   SIGNATURES   50

 

 
3

 

PART I
 
 
ITEM 1. BUSINESS
 
Forward-looking Statements
 
This annual report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements.  Forward-looking statements are projections of events, revenues, income, future economic performance or management’s plans and objectives for future operations.  In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by the use of terminology such as “may”, “should”, “expect”, “plan”, “anticipate”, “believe”, “estimate”, “predict”, “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology.  Examples of forward-looking statements made in this annual report on Form 10-K include statements about:
 
our future exploration programs and results;
 
 
our future capital expenditures; and
 
 
our future investments in and acquisitions of mineral resource properties.
 
 
These statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including:
 
risks and uncertainties relating to the interpretation of sampling results, the geology, grade and continuity of mineral deposits;
 
risks and uncertainties that results of initial sampling and mapping will not be consistent with our expectations;
 
risks and uncertainties that the mineral deposits will never constitute proven and probable reserves which can be developed and mined economically;
 
mining and development risks, including risks related to accidents, weather, equipment breakdowns, labor disputes, permitting, or other unanticipated difficulties with or interruptions  and delays in development and production;
 
the potential for delays in exploration activities; risks related to the inherent uncertainty of cost estimates and the potential for unexpected costs and expenses in exploration, development and production which are beyond the capacity of our company to manage;
 
risks related to commodity price fluctuations;
 
the uncertainty of an unproven business plan and lack of revenue generation and profitability based upon our limited history;
 
substantial risks inherent in the establishment of a new business venture since our company is at a very early stage;
 
risks and uncertainties inherent in mineral exploration ventures which by their very nature face a high risk of business failure;
 
risks related to intense competition in the mineral exploration and exploitation industry which causes our company to have to compete with our company’s competitors for financing and for qualified managerial and technical employees;
 
risks related to the engagement of our company’s directors and officers in other business activities whereby they may not have sufficient time to attend to our company’s business affairs;
 
risks related to failure to obtain adequate financing and additional capital on a timely basis and on acceptable terms for our planned exploration and development;
 
risks related to environmental regulation and liability, and the ability to secure bonds, permits, and governmental consents and approvals;
 
 
 
 
4

 
 
ITEM 1. BUSINESS - continued
 
 
risks that the amounts reserved or allocated for environmental compliance, reclamation, post-closure control measures, monitoring and on-going maintenance may not be sufficient to cover such costs;
 
risks related to tax assessments;
 
political and regulatory risks associated with mining exploration, development and production; and
 
the risks in the section entitled “Risk Factors”.
 
Any of these risks could cause our company’s or our industry’s actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in this annual report on Form 10-K.
 
While these forward-looking statements and any assumptions upon which they are based are made in good faith and reflect our current judgment regarding the direction of our business, actual results will almost always vary, sometimes materially, from any estimates, predictions, projections, assumptions or other future performance suggested herein. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, we do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results.
 
In this annual report on Form 10-K, unless otherwise specified, all dollar amounts are expressed in United States dollars and all references to “common shares” refer to the common shares in our capital stock.
 
As used in this report, the terms “we”, “us”, “our” and “our company” mean Titan Iron Ore Corp. unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
 
Corporate Overview
 
We were incorporated in the State of Nevada on June 5, 2007. Our plan after our inception on June 5, 2007 was to produce user-friendly software that creates interactive digital yearbook software for schools and allows them to create and burn their own interactive digital yearbooks on CD/DVD. We produced nominal revenues of $4,855 in our early stages as a result of sales efforts undertaken.
 
Effective June 15, 2011, we completed a merger with our subsidiary, Titan Iron Ore Corp., a Nevada corporation, which was incorporated solely to effect a change in our name from “Digital Yearbook Inc.” to “Titan Iron Ore Corp.”
 
Also effective June 15, 2011, we effected a 37 to one forward stock split of our authorized and issued and outstanding common and preferred stock.  As a result, our authorized capital increased from 100,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.0001 to 3,700,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.0001 of which 5,151,000 shares of common stock outstanding increased to 190,587,000 shares of common stock. Subsequently, on June 20, 2011, we issued 2,100,000 common shares pursuant to a private placement unit offering, increasing the number of shares of common stock outstanding to 192,687,000.
 
Effective June 30, 2011 and in connection with the closing of the Acquisition Agreement, as defined below under the heading “Acquisition Agreement”, Ohad David, Ruth Navon and Service Merchant Corp. (the “Vendors”), entered into an affiliate stock purchase agreement, whereby, among other things, the Vendors surrendered 142,950,000 common shares for cancellation.
 
On October 18, 2012 we entered into agreements to secure up to $10 million in equity line financing. Separately, we also received $200,000 in funding from convertible debentures.
 
Acquisition Agreement for Wyoming Iron Complex
 
Effective June 30, 2011 and in connection with the entry into an agreement (the “Acquisition Agreement”) with J2 Mining Ventures Ltd. (“J2 Mining”) dated June 13, 2011 and attached as Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed June 16, 2011, we completed the acquisition of a 100% right, title and interest in and to a properties option agreement (the “Option Agreement”) from J2 Mining with respect to iron ore mineral properties located in Albany County, Wyoming, by way of entering an assignment of mineral property option agreement with J2 Mining and Wyomex LLC (the “Assignment Agreement”), whereby our company was assigned 100% of the right, title and interest in and to the Option Agreement from J2 Mining.

 
5

 
 
ITEM 1. BUSINESS - continued
 
The Option Agreement assigned to us from J2 Mining on September 30, 2011 was entered into on May 26, 2011 between J2 Mining and Wyomex LLC, pursuant to which Wyomex LLC, as optionor, granted to J2 Mining, as optionee, an exclusive right and option to acquire 100% undivided legal and beneficial interests in and to certain unpatented lode mining claims, fee lands, leased lands, and other interests in real property situated in Albany County, Wyoming (the “Wyoming Iron Complex”). Pursuant to the Assignment Agreement, J2 Mining agreed to assign all its rights and interests in the property and the Option Agreement, and transfer all of its obligations under the Option Agreement, to our company, and our company accepted and agreed to be bound by the terms of the Option Agreement.
 
The term of the option commenced on May 26, 2011 and was extended for a total of six successive one-month periods, up through and including December 26, 2011, by providing notice to Wyomex LLC and payment of $5,000 for each of the first three additional months and $15,000 for the last three additional months (for a total payment of $60,000). Our company elected to exercise the option on December 21, 2011 by giving Wyomex LLC written notice of such election.
 
On April 10, 2012, we entered into and closed an asset purchase agreement (the “Asset Purchase Agreement”) with Wyomex LLC whereby we purchased the Wyoming Iron Complex mineral project located in Albany County, Wyoming.
 
The purchase price for the Wyoming Iron Complex is $7,000,000 payable as follows:
Acknowledgement by Wyomex and credit to us of the sum of US $60,000, previously received by Wyomex for expenses and option payments related to the Wyoming Iron Complex.
Immediate payment by us to Wyomex of US $85,000, which payment was received by Wyomex on April 1, 2012.
A promissory note (the “Note”) in the principal amount of US $6,855,000 was executed by us and delivered to Wyomex on April 10, 2012. The Note is interest-free. All Advance Production Payments and Production Payments (defined below) paid to Wyomex will be credited against any outstanding balance of or amounts due under the Note. The Note is secured by a purchase money mortgage (the “Mortgage”). As of March 25, 2013, there was $6,791,438 outstanding under the Note.
Commencing six months from the date of closing and every six months thereafter, we will pay Wyomex, as an advance production payment, the initial amount of $62,500 (the “Advance Production Payment”), as adjusted for inflation, until Commencement of Commercial Production from the Property, which is defined as the first quarter of production in which 4.5 percent of the metal values or gross proceeds from the sales of mineral materials derived from the Wyoming Iron Complex exceeds the amount of the Advance Production Payment.
We assumed all liabilities of Wyomex to make all lease or other payments required following the closing under the mineral lease agreement between Wyomex and Chugwater Iron Company (the “Mineral Lease Agreement”) relating to certain leased real property (the “Leased Real Property”), including payment of real property taxes and payment of the sum of $1,000 per month to be paid as an advance production payment under the Mineral Lease Agreement. We also assumed the responsibility of Wyomex to make the payments to maintain the federal unpatented lode mining claims described below, in the approximate yearly amount of $3,200.
 
 
 
6

 
 
ITEM 1. BUSINESS - continued
 
At the Commencement of Commercial Production, the Advance Production Payment is converted to a 4.5% gross metal value payment (“GMP”) on iron ore, concentrates, and/or other mineral materials produced and sold from the Wyoming Iron Complex by us to unrelated third parties (the “Production Payment”), provided, that for the Leased Real Property, the GMP payable to Wyomex is reduced by 50% such that Wyomex receives a 2.25% GMP on production from such lands, and the owner of the Leased Real Property shall receive the balance or a 2.25% GMP. Except for events of force majeure (including non-operation of the facilities after startup) in no event shall the total Production Payment paid by us to Wyomex and the owner of the Leased Real Property be less than US$150,000 in any given calendar year. All Advance Production Payments and Production Payments, as they relate to Leased Real Property, shall be reduced to Wyomex by the amounts of such payments that must be transmitted to the lessor of the Leased Real Property in accordance with the terms and obligations of the Mineral Lease for the Leased Real Property.
 
Subsequent to the payment by us of the full amount of $7 million, the Purchase Price is deemed to be satisfied, and the Production Payment is reduced such that we pay to Wyomex, and the owner of the Leased Real Property, a total GMP royalty of 1.5% for all iron product and/or other mineral materials produced and sold from the Wyoming Iron Complex during the previous month.  The Production Payments due to Wyomex and the owner of Leased Real Property shall be similarly reduced, as provided above, such that Wyomex receives a 0.75% GMP on such assets, and the owner of Leased Real Property shall receive a 0.75% GMP.
 
The Wyoming Iron Complex consist of certain unpatented lode mining claims situated in an unorganized mining district, Albany County, Wyoming, in Sections 14 and 24, Township 19 North, Range 72 West, 6th Principal Meridian, the names of which and the place of record of the location notices thereof in the official records of the county recorder and the authorized office of the Bureau of Land Management.
 
Our Current Business
 
With the entry into the Asset Purchase Agreement with respect to the Wyoming Iron Complex, we abandoned our efforts as an interactive software developer, and we are focusing our efforts in the mineral exploration. Our business plan is to proceed with the exploration of the Wyoming Iron Complex consisting of mineral leases on 320 acres and 23 unpatented mining claims aggregating approximately 463 acres located in the county of Albany, Wyoming, USA.
 
Proposed Initial Work Program
 
The initial two phases lasted six to seven months and entailed expenditures of approximately $258,000.
 
The initial phase lasted three months and included:
Compilation of all existing geological data into one comprehensive data base for each of  the Strong Creek and Iron Mountain Deposits; and
Development of an additional work program for the properties.
 
The second phase took a further three to four months. The specific work undertaken included confirmation drilling of existing drill targets to validate historic data (2000 feet).
 
The third phase will involve expansion and infill drilling to expand the resource on the Strong Creek deposit to upgrade and enhance the quality of the resource data base, bulk testing of Iron Mountain Ores to confirm the validity of the Krupp Renn or other pyrometallurgical process as applied to Strong Creek and Iron Mountain ores, bench scale tests on the Strong Creek ores to validate the Hazen /USBM separation  results, and the initiation of a prefeasibility study based on historic and current data. This work program, subject to the receipt of adequate funding, is expected to take at least one year and entail an aggregate expenditure of up to $8 million.
 
Once we complete each phase of exploration, we will make a decision as to whether or not and how we proceed with each successive phase based upon the analysis of the results of that program.

 
7

 
 
ITEM 1. BUSINESS - continued
 
Progress
 
On October 13, 2011, we announced a targeted first phase drilling program of 1700 feet at the Strong Creek Property in the Wyoming Iron Complex.  A total of three HQ (2.5 inch diameter) diamond drill holes were completed to duplicate and verify drilling results obtained by Union Pacific Resources [c.  1955], the State of Wyoming [1995], and Radar Acquisitions Limited (2005).  One hole was extended to a depth of 700 feet to explore the vertical potential of the mineralized zone.  All work during this phase was done on the Strong Creek Project, the larger of Titan’s two projects within the Wyoming Iron Complex.  All samples were collected by drill crews with onsite supervision and placed in standard core boxes then transported to the facilities of Wyoming Analytical Laboratories Inc. in Laramie Wyoming.   There, the core samples were cut in half lengthwise, then logged as to rock type, mineralization and structure.  Samples were then taken consisting of one half of the cut core over a five foot interval, bagged and transported to the staff of the laboratory.  There, samples were catalogued in the laboratory’s management system and then taken to their preparation lab where they were crushed, screened and split to obtain a representative sample for analysis.  These representative samples were then sent to Wyoming Analytical Laboratories’ satellite lab in Golden Colorado where they were analyzed using X-Ray Fluorescence [XRF] methodology for Iron, Titanium, and Vanadium. The results of the Phase 1 drilling program are summarized as follows:
 
 
From
To
Interval
     
Hole SC - 2011 - 01
feet
feet
feet
Fe2O3
TiO2
V2O5
Total weighted average
0
700
700
19.719%
6.129%
0.117%
Including  430 ft
70
500
430
19.950%
6.225%
0.119%
Which itself included 5 ft
350
355
5
26.720%
12.560%
0.155%
Including an additional 196 ft
504
700
196
19.617%
6.110%
0.114%
 
From
To
Interval
     
Hole SC - 2011 - 02
feet
feet
feet
Fe2O3
TiO2
V2O5
Total weighted average
0
652
652
16.184%
5.049%
0.090%
Including  410 ft
0
410
410
17.511%
5.606%
0.433%
Which itself included
0
258
258
17.839%
5.925%
0.107%
And 65 ft of
340
405
65
18.945%
5.822%
0.118%
Including an additional 30 feet of
550
580
30
21.408%
6.490%
0.104%
 
From
To
Interval
     
Hole SC - 2011 - 03
feet
feet
feet
Fe2O3
TiO2
V2O5
Total weighted average
22
597
575
16.947%
4.690%
0.111%
Including  137 ft of Lower grade
22
137
115
13.559%
2.098%
0.074%
Including  460 ft Higher Grade
137
597
460
17.745%
5.335%
0.120%
 
All three holes were collared in iron-titanium-vanadium mineralization and were terminated in iron mineralization higher than hole averages, suggesting that mineralization extends to greater depth.  Holes 1 and 2 were in higher grade material from the surface to the bottom of the hole.  Hole 3 encountered weaker iron grades near the surface but strengthened for the last 3/4 of the hole.   All values expressed here are weighted average grades over the core length specified.
 
In the case of the Strong Creek Property the prospect is without known reserves and our program of work has been and remains exploratory in nature.  There are no existing facilities or historic mining or mineral processing facilities on this site.
 
Quality assurance and control (QA/QC) measures consisted of the analysis of duplicate samples which were taken at 50 foot intervals and tested in the same manner and a random series of samples from rejects were sent to SGS Lakefield Laboratories in Lakefield Ontario, Canada which acted as an umpire laboratory.  SGS also performed Davis tube tests on selected random samples as a preliminary test for magnetic iron recovery.

 
8

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS - continued
 
All sample rejects were retained for a period of 90 days in the event any retesting was considered necessary.  All remaining core was retained for future reference and analysis and sent to a secure and locked storage facility.
 
All work conducted during this program is under the direct control of the independent consulting geologist who managed the activities of the drilling contractor, civil contractor, and laboratory personnel.  Water for drilling was provided by the rancher who holds the surface and water rights.  All other supplies, fuel and power were provided by the drilling contractor.
 
All permits were obtained through the Land Division of the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality, (WDEQ), the lead agency in Wyoming for permitting and reclamation matters. All holes were abandoned and reclaimed in accordance with the policies and procedures of WDEQ and included capping of the holes, re-contouring the surface and reseeding with an approved seed mix vegetation.  In November 2012, the drill sites were re-contoured and reseeded to the satisfaction of the surface rights owner. On November 30, 2012, as required by Wyoming statutes, the Company filed Notices of Abandonment for the three drillholes with the Wyoming State Engineer’s Office.
 
Titan also has the Iron Mountain property under lease at the Wyoming Iron Complex.   This is an historic mining operation, located approximately 6 miles to the east of Strong Creek, which has a small, existing open pit and iron ore stockpile, estimated by visual inspection at 50,000 tons, on the property. This stockpile has not been professionally surveyed as we do not currently have access to the site, as described below. Four representative samples from this stockpile were taken by Mountain Cement Company in 2009 and tested in their Laramie laboratory using X- Ray Fluorescence methods which yielded the following results:
 
Sample Name
 
TiO2%
Fe2O3%
Surface Material
 
18.62
56.63
North Side Pile
 
16.43
53.24
South Pile 1
 
14.55
52.66
South Pile 2
 
13.88
48.26
South Pile 3
 
13.75
49.99
       
Average
 
15.446
52.156
 
This range of values is consistent with the grades found in historic drill holes which were completed in the 1950’s and 1960’s.
 
The Iron Mountain Project is situated on private fee property, and the lease held by Titan includes all surface, mineral, and water rights on the 160 acre parcel.  When this property was operating it was served by a dedicated power line connecting to the grid which can be reconnected should the project be reactivated. There are no other existing facilities on this site, but there are internal pit roads. Some 100 drill holes were drilled on this property in the 1950’s and 1960’s defining an iron-titanium mining resource which underpinned internal feasibility work undertaken by previous operators. Titan does not currently have access to Iron Mountain (please see the discussion under the heading “Mineral Properties – Description of Property, Location, Means and Access” for additional details)
 
Physical access to the site is obtained over county and state public roads, and private roads. The site lies 40.2 miles by road northeast of the city of Laramie, Wyoming.  Access from Laramie is as follows:
 
staring in Laramie go north on US 287/State Road (SR) 30 (paved) for 18.1 miles to the Junction with SR 34,
turn Northeast on SR 34 (paved) and proceed for 10.8 miles to the junction with County Road 12 (Sybille Rd),
 
 
 
9

 
 
ITEM 1. BUSINESS - continued
 
proceed 10.8 miles along County road 12 (asphalt) to the intersection with Wayside Rd, veer left and continue on County Rd 12 (dirt) for another 1.3 miles, and
turn East (Left) on a private dirt road and continue for 4.3 miles until arriving at the Iron Mountain Project.
 
Work Program
 
Currently our work at Iron Mountain remains exploratory in nature. We have not performed any feasibility level work to ascertain whether Iron Mountain ores are economically viable in terms of processing and shipping to potential customers . At this time we maintain an environmental bond with the WDEQ covering historic reclamation liabilities at Iron Mountain and an operating permit for Limited Mining Operations under a 10 acre exemption pursuant to W.S. Section 35-11-401 (c)(vi).
 
Our planned work program is focused on proving up a viable reserve at Iron Mountain.  There is considerable information available from past work programs which can potentially be incorporated into a modern mine plan and plan of operations if substantiated by confirming drill data.
 
This work program, when access is granted, will involve:
1.
The twinning of several of the historic drill holes to confirm the grades of Fe, Ti and other elements, followed by a more extensive drilling program.
2.
The testing and evaluation of the Iron Mountain ores by potential customers as well as Titan’s use of independent third party laboratories.
3.
Benchmark environmental and archeological studies to satisfy the requirements of permitting with the WDEQ.
4.
Establishing cost and scheduling parameters for a feasibility study/operations plan that along with funding will permit the initiation of production.
 
Much of the above work can be done contemporaneously and can be completed in such a manner that the operating plan and feasibility study can for the basis for a production decision.
 
Markets
 
The market for iron ore has seen a substantial improvement over the last 6 years, as demand and market prices have increased.

 
10

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS - continued
 
Figure 1 China import Iron Ore Fines 62% FE spot (CFR Tianjin port), US Dollars per Dry Metric Ton
 
Source: http://www.indexmundi.com/commodities/?commodity=iron-ore&months=60
 
Iron Mountain ores are rich in titanium, and alone are not suitable for the production of typical iron concentrates (through conventional mining concentrating and processing methods) which are normally used by blast furnaces for manufacturing steel. However, more recently, steelmaking companies have been importing iron ores with higher titanium content as a blend in their blast furnaces.  As the ore melts, the titanium fills in cracks in the carbon bricks that line the hearth in the blast furnace which develop over time.  This can extend the life of the hearth and increase the useful life of a furnace before a major and costly relining of the blast furnace is necessary.  Currently much of this type of material used by US and Canadian Midwestern blast furnaces, in the Great Lakes region, is imported as ilmenite (FeTiO3) from South Africa, Canada or the Ukraine and has a TiO2 content of 30% to 32% at a landed cost (CIF) at the furnace of $300 per tonne. Potential customers for Iron Mountain ore are steel blast furnaces, for example in Gary, Indiana (1030 rail miles from Laramie) or Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (1470 rail miles from Laramie). Pricing for the Iron Mountain ores will be subject to direct negotiations with customers.  There are no “typical market specifications” or “typical furnace terms” for these sorts of Fe-Ti ores within the steel blast furnace industry, although we understand generally that are limits on certain types of elements in the ore which could trigger a penalty, such as sulphur, phosphorus, and aluminum, and size and density characteristics.  Preliminary discussions with potential customers through our marketing agents, based on historical sampling analyses set forth above, indicate that the Iron Mountain ores at 15% TiOcould be a competitive alternative to imported ilmenites at 30% TiOlevels, and that the Fe and Ti grades at Iron Mountain are acceptable to these customers. We have not yet provided ore samples to potential blast furnace customers for analysis and testing.
 
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is primarily used in the manufacture of pigments for paint and coloring.  Ilmenites used in the manufacture of pigments have a TiO2 content of 50% to 52%.  This indicates that the Ti material being sold to the steel industry is subgrade material that is not suitable for the primary titanium market without further processing and concentrating.
 
Iron Mountain Ores would be produced on a Run of Mine (ROM) basis and shipped as “Lump Ore” or “Direct Ship Ore”.  ROM ores generally signifies mined materials, for which processing usually includes only mining (drilling and blasting), crushing and screening to size.  Based on preliminary discussions, with our marketing agents and potential customers, Iron Mountain ores would be crushed and screened to between 1.5 to 3 inches to meet general steel industry customer specifications.
 
 
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ITEM 1. BUSINESS - continued
 
Fines or undersize material (less than 1.5 inches) will be marketed to the regional cement industry for use in the production of cement where fine, iron-containing material is preferred.  The current stockpile at Iron Mountain fits this purpose and Iron Mountain material has been used historically to meet the needs of area cement producers. Pricing and quantity of potential off-take is dependent on the quality and process requirements of each potential cement plant customer. Prices paid by local cement companies for iron ore are in the range of $25-30 per ton FOB minesite.
 
Estimated Production Costs to a Marketable Product.
 
Material at Iron Mountain is not directly marketable without some basic mining and processing operations. We have not performed a feasibility study to determine the economic viability of these operations.  The operating costs stated herein for Fe/Ti ores going to Midwestern blast furnaces, and for Fe-containing stockpile materials to local cement plants, are estimates only, and are based on information from public records, and discussions with potential contractors. These estimated costs are as follows: 
 
For mining and shipping of ROM Fe-Ti ores to Midwestern blast furnaces:
Contract Mining (Drill, Blast, Load, Haul, Crush & Screen)
$15.00/tonne
 
Truck transportation to Union Pacific Rail
   
Siding in Laramie (40 miles @ 0.22/tonne mile)
$8.80/tonne
 
Rail Transportation to US Midwest Market
$28.00/tonne
 
Site supervision and Management
$1.50/tonne
 
Total Delivered Cost
$53.30/tonne
 
 
For loading and shipping of stockpile materials to local cement producers:
Loading Trucks
$0.50/tonne
 
Site supervision and Management
$1.50/tonne
 
Shipping via truck to Laramie (Mountain Cement)
$8.80/ton
 
Total Delivered Cost
$10.80/ton
 
 
Option Agreement with Globex Mining
 
On July 19, 2011, we entered into an option agreement with Globex Mining Enterprises Inc. ("Globex") effective July 12, 2011 (the "Globex Agreement"), pursuant to which Globex granted us the right (the "Option") for a period of 90 days from July 12, 2011 to acquire an undivided 100% interest in and to 202 mining claims (the "Property") located in the Labrador trough area in the Province of Quebec, Canada.
 
In September 2011, we initiated a geological reconnaissance survey of a magnetic geophysical anomaly located on the Labrador Trough iron property.  This survey determined that the anomaly was not of sufficient mineral type, grade or size to merit further exploration costs.  Accordingly, we have determined to drop the option on the Labrador Trough iron property and on October 12, 2011 notified the owner of the property that we will not be exercising its option to acquire the property.
 
Competition
 
We are a mineral resource exploration company. We compete with other mineral resource exploration companies for financing and for the acquisition of new mineral properties. Many of the mineral resource exploration companies with whom we compete have greater financial and technical resources than those available to us. Accordingly, these competitors may be able to spend greater amounts on acquisitions of mineral properties of merit, on exploration of their mineral properties and on development of their mineral properties. In addition, they may be able to afford more geological expertise in the targeting and exploration of mineral properties. This competition could result in competitors having mineral properties of greater quality and interest to prospective investors who may finance additional exploration and development. This competition could adversely impact on our ability to achieve the financing necessary for us to conduct further exploration of our mineral properties.

 
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ITEM 1. BUSINESS - continued
 
We also compete with other mineral resource exploration companies for financing from a limited number of investors that are prepared to make investments in mineral resource exploration companies. The presence of competing mineral resource exploration companies may impact on our ability to raise additional capital in order to fund our exploration programs if investors are of the view that investments in competitors are more attractive based on the merit of the mineral properties under investigation and the price of the investment offered to investors. We also compete with other mineral resource exploration companies for available resources, including, but not limited to, professional geologists, camp staff, helicopter or float planes, mineral exploration supplies and drill rigs.
 
Compliance with Environmental Laws
 
Our business plan calls for exploration activities and future mining operations. These activities are subject to extensive laws and regulations governing the protection of the environment, waste disposal, worker safety, mine construction, and protection of endangered and protected species. We expect to make in the future, significant    expenditures to comply with such laws and regulations. Future changes in applicable laws, regulations and permits or changes in their enforcement or regulatory interpretation could have an adverse impact on our financial    condition or results of operations. In the event that we make a mineral discovery and decide to proceed to production, the costs and delays associated with compliance with these laws and regulations could stop us from proceeding with a project or the operation or further improvement of a mine or increase the costs of improvement or production.
 
Government Regulation
 
Mining operations and exploration activities are subject to various federal, state, provincial and local laws and regulations in the United States, which govern prospecting, development, mining, production, exports, taxes, labor standards, occupational health, waste disposal, protection of the environment, mine safety, hazardous substances and other matters. In the United States, the Federal government owns public lands that are administered by the Bureau of Land Management or the United States Forest Service. Ownership of the subsurface mineral estate can be acquired by staking a twenty (20) acre mining claim granted under the General Mining Law of 1872, as amended (the "General Mining Law").  Unless it has been conveyed, the Federal government still owns the surface estate even though the subsurface can be controlled with a right to extract through claim staking.
 
Employees and Key Consultants
 
Our company has one full time employee and 5 part time consultants.
 
Intellectual Property
 
We do not own, either legally or beneficially, any patents or trademarks.
 
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
 
An investment in our common stock involves a number of very significant risks.  You should carefully consider the following risks and uncertainties in addition to other information in this annual report on Form 10-K in evaluating our company and our business before purchasing shares of our common stock.  Our business, operating results and financial condition could be seriously harmed as a result of the occurrence of any of the following risks.  You could lose all or part of your investment due to any of these risks. You should invest in our common stock only if you can afford to lose your entire investment.

 
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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS - continued
 
Risks Associated with Mining
 
All of our mineral properties are in the exploration stage. There is no assurance that we can establish the existence of any mineral resource or reserve on any of our properties in commercially exploitable quantities. Until we can do so, we cannot earn any revenues from operations and if we do not do so we will lose all of the funds that we expend on exploration. If we do not discover any mineral resource in a commercially exploitable quantity, we will not be able to develop our properties.
 
We have not established that our mineral properties contain any mineral reserve, nor can there be any assurance that we will be able to do so. If we do not, we will not be able to develop our properties.
 
A mineral reserve is defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission in its Industry Guide 7 (which can be viewed over the Internet at http://www.sec.gov/divisions/corpfin/forms/industry.htm#secguide7) as that part of a mineral deposit which could be economically and legally extracted or produced at the time of the reserve determination. The probability of an individual prospect ever having a “reserve” that meets the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission’s Industry Guide 7 is extremely remote; in all probability our mineral properties  do not contain any ‘reserve’ and any funds that we spend on exploration will probably be lost.
 
Even if we do eventually discover a mineral reserve on one or more of our properties, there can be no assurance that we will be able to develop our properties into producing mines and extract those resources. Both mineral exploration and development involve a high degree of risk and few properties which are explored are ultimately developed into producing mines.
 
The commercial viability of an established mineral deposit will depend on a number of factors including, by way of example, the size, grade and other attributes of the mineral deposit, the proximity of the resource to infrastructure such as a smelter or processing facilities, power, and water, roads and a point for shipping, available workforce, government regulation, proximity to markets and consumers, and market prices. Most of these factors will be beyond our control, and any of them could increase costs and make extraction of any identified mineral resource unprofitable.
 
Mineral operations are subject to applicable law and government regulation. Even if we discover a mineral resource in a commercially exploitable quantity, these laws and regulations could restrict or prohibit the exploitation of that mineral resource. If we cannot exploit any mineral resource that we might discover on our properties, our ability to fund future exploration activities will be impeded, we will not be able to operate profitably and investors may lose all of their investment in our company.
 
Both mineral exploration and extraction require permits from various foreign, federal, state, provincial and local governmental authorities and are governed by laws and regulations, including those with respect to prospecting, mine development, mineral production, transport, export, taxation, labor standards, occupational health, waste disposal, toxic substances, land use, environmental protection, mine safety and other matters. There can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain or maintain any of the permits or bonds required for the continued exploration of our mineral properties or for the construction and operation of a mine on our properties at economically viable costs. If we cannot accomplish these objectives, our ability to fund future exploration activities will be impeded, we will not be able to operate profitably and investors may lose all of their investment in our company.
 
There can be no assurance that we can comply with all material laws and regulations that apply to our activities. Current laws and regulations could be amended and we might not be able to comply with them. Further, there can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain or maintain all permits or bonds necessary for our future operations, or that we will be able to obtain them on reasonable terms. To the extent such approvals are required and are not obtained, we may be delayed or prohibited from proceeding with planned exploration or development of our mineral properties.

 
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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS - continued
 
Exploration, development and exploitation activities are subject to comprehensive regulation and permitting which may cause substantial delays or require capital outlays in excess of those anticipated.
 
Exploration, development and exploitation activities are subject to federal, provincial, state and local laws, regulations and policies, including laws regulating permitting, bonding, and the removal of natural resources from the ground and the discharge of materials into the environment. Exploration, development and exploitation activities are also subject to federal, provincial, state and local laws and regulations which seek to maintain health and safety standards by regulating the design and use of drilling methods and equipment and other operational activities.
 
Environmental and other legal standards imposed by federal, provincial, state or local authorities may be changed and any such changes may prevent us from conducting planned activities or may increase our costs of doing so. Moreover, compliance with such laws may cause substantial delays or require capital outlays in excess of those anticipated, thus causing a material adverse effect on us. Additionally, we may be subject to liability for pollution or other environmental damages that we may not be able to or elect not to insure against due to prohibitive premium costs and other reasons. Any laws, regulations or policies of any government body or regulatory agency may be changed, applied or interpreted in a manner which could materially alter and negatively affect our ability to carry on our business.
 
If we establish the existence of a mineral resource on any of our properties in a commercially exploitable quantity, we will require additional capital in order to develop the property into a producing mine. If we cannot raise this additional capital, we will not be able to exploit the resource.
 
If we do discover mineral resources in commercially exploitable quantities on any of our properties, we will be required to expend substantial sums of money to explore and fully establish the extent of the resource, develop processes to extract it and develop extraction and processing facilities and infrastructure. Although we may derive substantial benefits from the discovery of a major deposit, there can be no assurance that such a resource will be large enough to justify commercial operations, nor can there be any assurance that we will be able to raise the funds required for development on a timely basis. If we cannot raise the necessary capital or complete the necessary facilities and infrastructure, our ability to fund future exploration activities will be impeded, we will not be able to operate profitably and investors may lose all of their investment in our company.
 
Mineral exploration and development is subject to extraordinary operating risks. We do not currently insure against these risks. In the event of a cave-in or similar occurrence, our liability may exceed our resources.
 
Mineral exploration, development and production involve many risks which even a combination of experience, knowledge and careful evaluation may not be able to overcome. Our operations will be subject to all the geological, technical and operating hazards and risks inherent in the exploration for mineral resources and, if we discover a mineral resource in commercially exploitable quantity, our operations could be subject to all of the hazards and risks inherent in the development and production of resources, including liability for pollution, cave-ins or similar hazards against which we cannot insure or against which we may elect not to insure. Any such event could result in work stoppages and damage to property, including damage to the environment. We do not currently maintain any insurance coverage against these operating hazards. The payment of any liabilities that arise from any such occurrence would have a material adverse impact on our company.
 
Mineral prices are subject to dramatic and unpredictable fluctuations.
 
We expect to derive revenues, if any, either from the sale of our mineral resource properties or from the extraction and sale of iron ore, iron tailings, titanium ore, and associated byproducts. The price of those commodities has fluctuated widely in recent years, and is affected by numerous factors beyond our control, including international, economic and political trends, expectations of inflation, currency exchange fluctuations, interest rates, global or regional consumptive patterns, speculative activities and increased production due to new extraction developments and improved extraction and production methods. The effect of these factors on the price of base and precious metals, and therefore the economic viability of any of our exploration properties and projects, cannot accurately be predicted.

 
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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS - continued
 
The mining industry is highly competitive and there is no assurance that we will be successful in acquiring additional mineral claims or selling all of the products that we produce. If we cannot acquire properties to explore for mineral resources, or successfully sell our mineral products, our ability to fund future exploration activities will be impeded, we will not be able to operate profitably and investors may lose all of their investment in our company.
 
The mineral exploration, development, and production industry is largely un-integrated. We compete with other exploration companies looking for mineral resource properties. While we compete with other exploration companies in the effort to locate and acquire mineral resource properties, we may also compete with them for the removal or sales of mineral products from our properties if we should eventually discover the presence of them in quantities sufficient to make production economically feasible. Readily available markets for the sale of mineral products do not always exist for all mineral commodities Therefore, we may not be able to sell all of the mineral products that we identify and produce.
 
In identifying and acquiring mineral resource properties, we compete with many companies possessing greater financial resources and technical capabilities. This competition could adversely affect our ability to acquire suitable prospects for exploration in the future. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that we will acquire any interest in additional mineral resource properties that might yield reserves or result in commercial mining operations.
 
Our competition includes large established mining companies with substantial capabilities and with greater financial and technical resources than us. As a result of this competition, we may have to compete for financing and may be unable to acquire financing on terms we consider acceptable. We may also have to compete with the other mining companies for the recruitment and retention of qualified managerial and technical employees. If we are unable to successfully compete for financing or for qualified employees, our exploration programs may be slowed down or suspended, which may cause us to cease operations as a company.
 
If our costs of exploration are greater than anticipated, then we may not be able to complete the exploration program for our Wyoming Iron Complex without additional financing, of which there is no assurance that we would be able to obtain.
 
We are proceeding with the initial stages of exploration on our Wyoming Iron Complex. Our exploration program outlines a budget for completion of the program. However, there is no assurance that our actual costs will not exceed the budgeted costs. Factors that could cause actual costs to exceed budgeted costs include increased prices due to competition for personnel and supplies during the exploration season, unanticipated problems in completing the exploration program and delays due to weather or other factors experienced in completing the exploration program. Increases in exploration costs could result in our not being able to carry out our exploration program without additional financing. There is no assurance that we would be able to obtain additional financing in this event.
 
Because of the speculative nature of exploration of mining properties, there is substantial risk that no commercially exploitable minerals will be found.
 
We have only commenced the initial stage of exploration of our mineral property, and have no way to evaluate the likelihood that we will be successful in establishing commercially exploitable reserves of iron ore or other valuable minerals on our Wyoming Iron Complex. The search for valuable minerals as a business is extremely risky. We may not find commercially exploitable reserves of iron ore or other valuable minerals in our mineral property. Exploration for minerals is a speculative venture necessarily involving substantial risk. The expenditures to be made by us on our exploration program may not result in the discovery of commercial quantities of ore. The likelihood of success must be considered in light of the problems, expenses, difficulties, complications and delays encountered in connection with the exploration of the mineral properties that we plan to undertake. Problems such as unusual or unexpected geologic formations and other conditions are involved in mineral exploration and often result in unsuccessful exploration efforts. In such a case, we would be unable to complete our business plan.

 
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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS - continued
 
Because of the inherent dangers involved in mineral exploration, there is a risk that we may incur liability or damages as we conduct our business.
 
The search for valuable minerals involves numerous hazards. In the course of carrying out exploration of our Wyoming Iron Complex, we may become subject to liability for such hazards, including pollution, cave-ins and other hazards against which we cannot insure or against which we may elect not to insure. We currently have no such insurance nor do we expect to get such insurance for the foreseeable future. If a hazard were to occur, the costs of rectifying the hazard may exceed our asset value and cause us to liquidate all of our assets, resulting in the loss of your entire investment in this offering.
 
We are currently unable to conduct activities on our property because an owner of an adjoining property has denied us access to our property.
 
On December 7, 2012, we filed suit in state court in Albany County, Wyoming against DSS Holdings LLC and Douglas Samuelson (“Samuelson”) to regain, on a preliminary basis, use of a  road to access the Iron Mountain part of the Wyoming Iron Complex, which crosses Samuelson’s property. On February 11, 2013, our petition to use the road was denied. Samuelson has locked the gate across the road and denied our repeated requests for access. The suit was filed in the District Court of the Second Judicial District in Wyoming, after negotiations between the parties were unsuccessful. We are now pursuing  condemnation efforts, and are also seeking another preliminary access hearing, but if we cannot gain access to our property, we may not be able to conduct studies and collect samples of iron ore from the existing Iron Mountain pit and stockpile in order to evaluate the suitability of these materials to meet the specifications of potential customers. We have sent a letter to Samuelson as a requirement to condemn an easement over the road under Wyoming Statute§1-26-505 through 1-26-508, and have sent another letter as a precursor to a second preliminary access hearing.
 
Because access to our mineral property is often restricted by inclement weather, we may be delayed in our exploration and any future mining efforts.
 
Access to the mineral property may be restricted during the period between October and April of each year because the period between these months can typically feature heavy snow cover, extreme cold and high winds which makes it difficult if not impossible to carry out exploration and other activities at the Wyoming Iron Complex.  We can attempt to visit, test or explore our mineral property only when weather permits such activities. These limitations can result in significant delays in exploration efforts, as well as in mining and production in the event that commercial amounts of minerals are found. Such delays may prevent us from exploring and developing the Wyoming Iron Complex property.
 
Because our Chief Executive Officer has other business interests, he may not be able or willing to devote a sufficient amount of time to our business operation, causing our business to fail.
 
Our President and Chief Executive Officer will devote approximately 50% of his working time on providing management services to us. If the demands on our executive officer from his other obligations increase, he may no longer be able to devote sufficient time to the management of our business. This could negatively impact our business development.
 
We may have to pay severance to our Chief Executive Officer.
 
If we terminate Mr. Brodkey’s employment prior to the end of his employment period for any reason other than cause or disability or if Mr. Brodkey terminates his employment for good reason, Mr. Brodkey shall be entitled to one (1) month’s severance pay for each one month of service up to a maximum of two (2) year’s wages, and we shall maintain all employee benefit plans and programs for the number of years remaining in the term of his employment in which he was entitled to immediately prior to the date of termination.
 
 
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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS - continued
 
Mr. Brodkey’s employment contract defines "cause" to mean (i) following delivery to Mr. Brodkey of a written demand for performance from us, which describes the basis for our belief that Mr. Brodkey has not substantially performed his duties, Mr. Brodkey’s continued willful violation of his obligations to us, which are demonstrably willful and deliberate on his part for a period of thirty (30) days after written notice thereof, (ii) Mr. Brodkey being convicted of a felony involving moral turpitude, (iii) Mr. Brodkey willfully breaching any material term of his employment agreement or any other agreement with us, which continues uncured for a period of thirty (30) days after written notice, or (iv) without the consent of us, or as otherwise provided for herein, his commencement of employment with another employer while he is an employee of our company.
 
Mr. Brodkey’s employment with our company may be regarded as having been constructively terminated by us, and Mr. Brodkey may therefore terminate his employment for “good reasons” if, before the end of his employment period, one or more of the following events shall occur: (i) the relocation of him to a facility or a location more than 50 miles from his then present employment location, without his express written consent; or (ii) the failure of our company to obtain the unqualified assumption of his employment agreement by any successor upon a change of control.
 
As of March 25, 2013, we would have to pay our Chief Executive Officer $270,000 in severance and the maximum amount we would have to pay is $360,000.  In the event we are required to make these severance payments, it could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations for the fiscal period in which such payments are made.
 
Risks Related to Our Company
 
If we are unable to pay the promissory note when obligations become due, Wyomex LLC may take proceedings to liquidate our holdings.
 
In connection with the acquisition of the Wyoming Iron Ore Complex, we issued a promissory note to Wyomex LLC. The promissory note has a principal amount of US$6,855,000 and is interest-free. As of March 25, 2013, there was $6,791,438 outstanding under the promissory note. The promissory note is secured by a purchase money mortgage of $6.8 million. The obligations under the promissory note are significantly greater than our current financial resources and we may not have the ability to pay the obligations under the promissory note. If we default on the promissory note and Wyomex LLC forecloses on the promissory note, Wyomex LLC could potentially liquidate the holdings of our company.
 
Our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting are not effective, which may cause our financial reporting to be unreliable and lead to misinformation being disseminated to the public.
 
Our management evaluated our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2012 and concluded that as of those dates, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective. The ineffectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures was due to (i) inadequate segregation of duties and ineffective risk assessment; and (ii) insufficient written policies and procedures for accounting and financial reporting with respect to the requirements and application of both US GAAP and SEC guidelines.
 
As of the date of this annual report on Form 10-K, we believe that these material weaknesses continue to exist and our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting are not effective. If such material weakness and ineffective controls are not promptly corrected in the future, our ability to report quarterly and annual financial results or other information required to be disclosed on a timely and accurate basis may be adversely affected. Also such material weakness and ineffective controls could cause our financial reporting to be unreliable and lead to misinformation being disseminated to the public. Investors relying upon this misinformation may make an uninformed investment decision.
 
We have a limited operating history on which to base an evaluation of our business and prospects.
 
 
18

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS - continued
 
We have been in the business of exploring mineral resource properties only since June 2011 and we have not yet located or identified any mineral reserves. As a result, we have never had any revenues from our mining operations. In addition, our operating history has been restricted to the acquisition and exploration of our mineral properties and this does not provide a meaningful basis for an evaluation of our prospects if we ever determine that we have a mineral reserve and commence the construction and operation of a mine. We have no way to evaluate the likelihood of whether our mineral properties contain any mineral reserve or, if they do that we will be able to build or operate a mine successfully. We anticipate that we will continue to incur operating costs without realizing any revenues during the period when we are exploring our properties. We therefore expect to continue to incur significant losses into the foreseeable future. We recognize that if we are unable to generate significant revenues from mining operations and any dispositions of our properties, we will not be able to earn profits or continue operations. At this early stage of our operation, we also expect to face the risks, uncertainties, expenses and difficulties frequently encountered by companies at the start up stage of their business development. We cannot be sure that we will be successful in addressing these risks and uncertainties and our failure to do so could have a materially adverse effect on our financial condition. There is no history upon which to base any assumption as to the likelihood that we will prove successful and we can provide investors with no assurance that we will generate any operating revenues or ever achieve profitable operations.
 
The fact that we have not earned any significant operating revenues since our incorporation raises substantial doubt about our ability to continue to explore our mineral properties as a going concern.
 
We have not generated any significant revenue from operations since our incorporation and we anticipate that we will continue to incur operating expenses without revenues unless and until we are able to identify a mineral resource in a commercially exploitable quantity on one or more of our mineral properties and we build and operate a mine. At December 31, 2012, we had a working capital deficiency of $51,092. We incurred a net loss of $(4,440,179) since inception. We will require additional financing to sustain our business operations if we are not successful in earning revenues once exploration is complete. If our exploration programs are successful in discovering reserves of commercial tonnage and grade, we will require significant additional funds in order to place the Wyoming Iron Complex into commercial production. Should the results of our planned exploration require us to increase our current operating budget, we may have to raise additional funds to meet our currently budgeted operating requirements for the next 12 months. As we cannot assure a lender that we will be able to successfully explore and develop our mineral properties, we will probably find it difficult to raise debt financing from traditional lending sources. We have traditionally raised our operating capital from sales of equity and debt securities, but there can be no assurance that we will continue to be able to do so. If we cannot raise the money that we need to continue exploration of our mineral properties, we may be forced to delay, scale back, or eliminate our exploration activities. If any of these were to occur, our ability to fund future exploration activities will be impeded, we will not be able to operate profitably and investors may lose all of their investment in our company.
 
These circumstances lead our independent registered public accounting firm, in their report dated March 29, 2013, to comment about our company’s ability to continue as a going concern. When an auditor issues a going concern opinion, the auditor has substantial doubt that our company will continue to operate indefinitely and not go out of business and liquidate its assets. These conditions raise substantial doubt about our company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded assets, or the amounts of and classification of liabilities that might be necessary in the event our company cannot continue in existence. We continue to experience net operating losses.
 
Risks Associated with Our Common Stock
 
If we issue additional shares in the future, it will result in the dilution of our existing shareholders.
 
Our articles of incorporation authorize the issuance of up to 3,700,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share. Our board of directors may choose to issue some or all of such shares to acquire one or more companies or properties and to fund our overhead and general operating requirements. The issuance of any such shares will reduce the book value per share and may contribute to a reduction in the market price of the outstanding shares of our common stock. If we issue any such additional shares, such issuance will reduce the proportionate ownership and voting power of all current shareholders. Further, such issuance may result in a change of control of our corporation.

 
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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS - continued
 
Our common stock is illiquid and the price of our common stock may be negatively impacted by factors which are unrelated to our operations.
 
The market price of our common stock could fluctuate substantially due to a variety of factors, including market perception of our ability to achieve our planned growth, quarterly operating results of our competitors, trading volume in our common stock, changes in general conditions in the economy and the financial markets or other developments affecting our competitors or us. In addition, the stock market is subject to extreme price and volume fluctuations. This volatility has had a significant effect on the market price of securities issued by many companies for reasons unrelated to their operating performance and could have the same effect on our common stock.
 
We do not intend to pay cash dividends on any investment in the shares of stock of our company.
 
We have never paid any cash dividends and currently do not intend to pay any cash dividends for the foreseeable future. Because we do not intend to declare cash dividends, any gain on an investment in our company will need to come through an increase in the stock’s price. This may never happen and investors may lose all of their investment in our company.
 
Trading of our stock is restricted by the Securities Exchange Commission’s penny stock regulations, which may limit a stockholder’s ability to buy and sell our common stock.
 
The Securities and Exchange Commission has adopted regulations which generally define “penny stock” to be any equity security that has a market price (as defined) less than $5.00 per share or an exercise price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions. Our securities are covered by the penny stock rules, which impose additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers who sell to persons other than established customers and “accredited investors”. The term “accredited investor” refers generally to institutions with assets in excess of $5,000,000 or individuals with a net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or annual income exceeding $200,000 or $300,000 jointly with their spouse. The penny stock rules require a broker-dealer, prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from the rules, to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document in a form prepared by the Securities and Exchange Commission, which provides information about penny stocks and the nature and level of risks in the penny stock market. The broker-dealer also must provide the customer with current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson in the transaction and monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customer’s account. The bid and offer quotations, and the broker-dealer and salesperson compensation information, must be given to the customer orally or in writing prior to effecting the transaction and must be given to the customer in writing before or with the customer’s confirmation. In addition, the penny stock rules require that prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from these rules; the broker-dealer must make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction. These disclosure requirements may have the effect of reducing the level of trading activity in the secondary market for the stock that is subject to these penny stock rules. Consequently, these penny stock rules may affect the ability of broker-dealers to trade our securities. We believe that the penny stock rules discourage investor interest in and limit the marketability of our common stock.
 
FINRA sales practice requirements may also limit a stockholder’s ability to buy and sell our stock.
 
In addition to the “penny stock” rules described above, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (known as “FINRA”) has adopted rules that require that in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for that customer. Prior to recommending speculative low priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA believes that there is a high probability that speculative low priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. FINRA requirements make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our common stock, which may limit your ability to buy and sell our stock and have an adverse effect on the market for our shares.

 
20

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS - continued
 
Risks Relating to the Early Stage of our Company and Ability to Raise Capital
 
We are at a very early stage and our success is subject to the substantial risks inherent in the establishment of a new business venture.
 
The implementation of our business strategy is in a very early stage and subject to all of the risks inherent in the establishment of a new business venture. Accordingly, our intended business and prospective operations may not prove to be successful in the near future, if at all. Any future success that we might enjoy will depend upon many factors, many of which are beyond our control, or which cannot be predicted at this time, and which could have a material adverse effect upon our financial condition, business prospects and operations and the value of an investment in our company.
 
We have no operating history and our business plan is unproven and may not be successful.
 
We have no commercial operations. None of our projects have proven or provable reserves, are built, or are in production. We have not licensed or sold any mineral products commercially and do not have any definitive agreements to do so. We have not proven that our business model will allow us to generate a profit.
 
We expect to suffer continued operating losses and we may not be able to achieve profitability.
 
We expect to continue to incur significant discovery and development expenses in the foreseeable future related to exploration and the completion of feasibility, development and commercialization of our projects. As a result, we will be sustaining substantial operating and net losses, and it is possible that we will never be able to sustain or develop the revenue levels necessary to attain profitability.
 
We may have difficulty raising additional capital, which could deprive us of necessary resources.
 
We expect to continue to devote significant capital resources to fund exploration and development of our properties. In order to support the initiatives envisioned in our business plan, we will need to raise additional funds through public or private debt or equity financing, collaborative relationships or other arrangements. Our ability to raise additional financing depends on many factors beyond our control, including the state of capital markets, the market price of our common stock, the market price for commodities, and the development or prospects for development of competitive technology or competitive projects by others. Because our common stock is not listed on a major stock market, many investors may not be willing or allowed to purchase our common shares or may demand steep discounts. Sufficient additional financing may not be available to us or may be available only on terms that would result in further dilution to the current owners of our common stock.
 
As of January 11, 2012, closed a private placement financing in the gross amount of $1,000,500, and on October 18, 2012, we closed a private placement financing in the gross amount of $200,000, and received a commitment for up to $10 million through a securities purchase agreement/equity line financing. However, we do not have any firm commitments for funding beyond this recent placement as the ability to receive funding through the securities purchase agreement/equity line is dependent upon a number of conditions, which may or may not be satisfied. If we are unsuccessful in raising additional capital, or the terms of raising such capital are unacceptable, we may have to modify our business plan and/or significantly curtail our planned activities. If we are successful raising additional capital through the issuance of additional equity, our investor’s interests will be diluted.
 
There are substantial doubts about our ability to continue as a going concern and if we are unable to continue our business, our shares may have little or no value.
 
Our ability to become a profitable operating company is dependent upon our ability to generate revenues and/or obtain financing adequate to explore and develop our properties. Achieving a level of revenues adequate to support our cost structure has raised substantial doubts about our ability to continue as a going concern. We plan to attempt to raise additional equity capital by issuing shares covered and, if necessary through one or more private placement or public offerings, and via the securities purchase agreement/equity line financing. However, the doubts raised relating to our ability to continue as a going concern may make our shares an unattractive investment for potential investors. These factors, among others, may make it difficult to raise any additional capital.

 
21

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS - continued
 
Failure to effectively manage our growth could place additional strains on our managerial, operational and financial resources and could adversely affect our business and prospective operating results.
 
Our anticipated growth is expected to continue to place a strain on our managerial, operational and financial resources. Further, as we acquire interests in more properties or subsidiaries and other entities, we will be required to manage multiple relationships. Any further growth by us, or an increase in the number of our strategic relationships will increase this strain on our managerial, operational and financial resources. This strain may inhibit our ability to achieve the rapid execution necessary to implement our business plan, and could have a material adverse effect upon our financial condition, business prospects and prospective operations and the value of an investment in our company.
 
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
 
Not Applicable.
 
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES
 
Principal Office
 
Our executive offices consist of 1,500 square feet are located at 3040 North Campbell Ave, Suite 110 Tucson, Arizona 85719. The office lease costs $2,100 per month, which, along with utilities and related expenses, is allocated proportionally among our company and several other junior mining companies which are administered by Kriyah Consultants LLC out of the same location. We believe that our office space and facilities are sufficient to meet our present needs and do not anticipate any difficulty securing alternative or additional space, as needed, on terms acceptable to us.
 
Our registered agent is located at Eastbiz.com, Inc., 5348 Vegas Drive, Las Vegas, NV  89108.
 
Mineral Properties
 
Pursuant to the Asset Purchase Agreement, we have acquired a 100% interest in the Wyoming Iron Complex properties. The mineral concessions and rights that form the Wyoming Iron Complex property consist of 23 unpatented US mining claims (Strong Creek Claims) located under the Mining Law of 1872, comprising approximately 463 acres, and a  mineral leases (Iron Mountain Lease) totalling approximately 320 acres with Chugwater Mining Company. The mining claims were originally staked by John Simons, an individual, then conveyed to Wyomex Resources Inc, and then assigned to Wyomex LLC, a duly incorporated limited liability company under the laws of Wyoming., and are registered with the Office of the Registrar Albany County, Wyoming and with the US Bureau of Land Management located in Cheyenne Wyoming and registered in the name of Wyomex LLC in accordance with the requirements of the Mining Law of 1872.  Costs of maintaining the unpatented mining claims in 2010 were $140 per claim payable annually by August 31st. Wyomex LLC is also the lessee under the  aforementioned mineral lease, covering the fee estate for the SE¼ of Section 22, T.19N., R. 71W., 6th P.M., Albany County, Wyoming. Cost of the mining lease is $1000 per month payable as an advance royalty.
 
 
 
22

 
 
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES - continued
 
The unpatented lode mining claims are situated in an unorganized mining district, Albany County, Wyoming, in Sections 14 and 24, Township 19 North, Range 72 West, 6th Principal Meridian, the names of which and the place of record of the location notices thereof in the official records of the county recorder and the authorized office of the Bureau of Land Management are as follows:
 
County Records
BLM Serial #
     
Claim Name
Location Date
Book
Page
WMC & Location
VAN NO. 1
10-12-1976
256
946
127756 SW¼  Sec. 24
VAN NO. 2
10-12-1976
256
947
127757 SW¼  Sec. 24
VAN NO. 3
10-12-1976
256
948
127758 SW¼  Sec. 24
VAN NO. 4
10-12-1976
256
949
127759 SW¼  Sec. 24
VAN NO. 5
10-12-1976
256
950
127760 SW¼  Sec. 24
VAN NO. 6
10-12-1976
256
951
127761 SW¼  Sec. 24
VAN NO. 7
10-12-1976
256
952
127762 SW¼  Sec. 24
VAN NO. 8
10-12-1976
256
953
127763 SW¼  Sec. 24
VAN NO. 9
10-12-1976
256
954
127764 SW¼  Sec. 24
VAN NO. 10
10-12-1976
256
955
127765 SW¼  Sec. 24
VAN NO. 11
10-12-1976
256
956
127766 SW¼  Sec. 24
VAN NO. 12
10-12-1976
256
957
127767 SE¼  Sec. 24
         
TI  NO. 15
10-12-1976
256
993
127744 NW¼  Sec 14
TI  NO. 16
10-12-1976
256
993
127745 NE¼  Sec. 14

Document Number
     
VAN 13
07-17-2005
2005-6333
268116 SE¼  Sec. 24
VAN 14
07-17-2005
2005-6334
268117 SE¼  Sec. 24
VAN 15
07-17-2005
2005-6335
268118 E½  Sec. 24
VAN 16
07-17-2005
2005-6336
268119 E½  Sec. 24
VAN 17
07-17-2005
2005-6337
268120 NW¼  Sec 24
VAN 18
07-17-2005
2005-6338
268121 NW¼  Sec 24
VAN 19
07-17-2005
2005-6339
268122 NW¼  Sec 24
VAN 20
07-17-2005
2005-6340
268123 SW¼  Sec. 24
VAN 21
07-17-2005
2005-6341
268124 NW¼  Sec 24
VAN 22
07-17-2005
2005-6342
268125 NE¼  Sec. 24
VAN 23
07-17-2005
2005-6343
268126 NE¼  Sec. 24
VAN 24
07-17-2005
2005-6344
268127 NE¼  Sec. 24
 
Note:  The VAN Nos. 1-12 are included within Mineral Survey No. 605.
 
Technical Reports
 
All reports completed prior to January 2002 are considered to be “historic in nature” and are not compliant with National Instrument 43-101 or SEC Guide 7, and therefore cannot be relied upon.  In August 2005, a due diligence program was undertaken by Radar Acquisitions Corp. in which 10 rotary air blast drill holes were completed on a selected area of the Strong Creek portion of the property that exhibited higher grade titanium grades.  A technical report compliant with National Instrument 43-101 was produced for this area but its content is not considered to be applicable to our planned work program.

 
23

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES - continued
 
Description of Property, Location, Means and Access
 
The Wyoming Iron Complex is located approximately 30 miles north-northeast of the city Laramie in southeastern Wyoming, (See Figure 1 below). The Strong Creek Claims are located in the central portion of the Laramie Anorthosite Complex (LAC), approximately a one hour drive north from Laramie, along Hwy 287 to 34 and then secondary roads from the Greaser Ranch.  The Iron Mountain Leases are located approximately 6 miles to the east of Strong Creek and are accessible by secondary roads.  The Strong Creek portion of the Wyoming Iron Complex also lies 9 miles to the east of the main rail line of the Union Pacific. Power and water are available at the property.
 
On December 7, 2012, we filed suit in state court in Albany County, Wyoming against DSS Holdings LLC and Douglas Samuelson (“Samuelson”) to regain preliminary access to the Wyoming Iron Complex. The road used by us to access the Wyoming Iron Complex crosses Samuelson’s property. Samuelson has locked the gate across the road and denied our repeated requests for access. The suit was filed in the District Court of the Second Judicial District in Wyoming, after negotiations between the parties were unsuccessful. Under Wyoming Statute§ 1-26-507, we hoped to gain access to our property in order to conduct studies and collect samples of iron ore from the existing Iron Mountain pit and stockpile in order to evaluate the suitability of these materials to meet the specifications of potential customers. On February 11, 2013, our petition to use the road was denied. We are now pursuing the condemnation efforts and are also seeking another preliminary access hearing. We have sent a letter to Samuelson as a requirement to condemn an easement over the road under Wyoming Statute§1-26-505 through 1-26-508, and have sent another letter as a precursor to a second preliminary access hearing..
 
The leases relating to the Wyoming Iron Complex, as amended by instrument dated February 1, 2012, continues in perpetuity until commercial production provided that a $1,000 per month advance royalty is paid (as adjusted for inflation). At the commencement of commercial production, the royalty is paid as a function of gross metal values on products produced and sold.
 
The closest major town to the Wyoming Iron Complex is Laramie, Wyoming, a city of approximately 25,000 people. It has an elevation of 7,200 feet, resulting in a varied, but semi-arid climate. Laramie is located along the I-80 corridor and is on the main rail line of the Union Pacific. Laramie is a full-service city which hosts all amenities, and is the home of the University of Wyoming.

 
24

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES - continued
 
Figure 2 Wyoming Iron Complex
 
Climate, Local Resources, Infrastructure and Physiography
 
Albany County, population 27,204 (US Census Bureau, 2003), is located in the high plains region of south-eastern Wyoming. Most of the county is located in a cool and arid basin (<12 inches of precipitation annually) containing the Laramie River watershed, a major tributary to the North Platte River system. The county is flanked on the west by the Medicine Bow Mountains and on the east by the Laramie Range.
 
Due to its elevation, Wyoming has a relatively cool climate. Above the 6,000 foot level, the temperature rarely exceeds 100 F. Summer nights are usually cool, though daytime readings may be quite high. Away from the mountains, low July temperatures range from 50 to 60 F. A typical winter would see freezing temperatures from December through March with most accumulation of snow occurring in March.
 
History of Exploration
 
Since the earliest geological investigations of the area by Stansbury in 1851, and Hayden in 1871, Fe-Ti oxide deposits have been known in Albany County. There have been numerous economic evaluations of these deposits by Ball, 1907; Singewald, 1913; Frey, 1946 and Hild, 1953.
 
From the completion of the railway until 1975 the property was owned by Union Pacific Resources (“UPR”) a wholly owned subsidiary of Union Pacific. From the mid 1950’s through 1972 the properties were drilled and evaluated which produced a resource estimate (non-compliant with SEC Guide 7 or Canadian NI 43-101) for contained iron, titanium dioxide and vanadium.

 
25

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES - continued
 
UPR conducted a comprehensive drilling program on both of the properties and which included bulk sampling and a 30,000 ton pilot plant test based on the Krupp Renn pyrometallurgical recovery process.  This was part of a study produced in 1968 later revisited in 1972 for the processing of Fe and Ti ore  which concluded that Iron  can be recovered  using the Iron Mountain ores and that the Strong Creek concentrates may also be  amenable to the Krupp Renn process.  The iron material produced from this process is referred to as Luppen – a semi-steel product containing 98.5% iron, considered to be a superior feed stock for electric arc furnaces as it contains none of the contaminants found in scrap or Pig Iron.  This test also confirmed that a portion of the Vanadium could be recovered as Vanadium Pentoxide.
 
In 1995, the State of Wyoming drilled 27 large bore rotary drill holes on the Strong Creek Property to obtain a bulk sample for testing by the laboratories US Bureau of Mines of Salt Lake City,  Utah and by Hazen Research Inc. of Golden, Colorado.  These tests demonstrated that the ore can be concentrated using a coarsely ground product (-20 + 40 mesh), followed by spiral concentration, magnetic separation, and electrostatic concentration to produce two distinct concentrates of Titanium Dioxide  and Magnetite – Vanadium .
 
To date, our activities have been limited to organizational matters, obtaining a geology report on the Strong Creek claims and planning and carrying out our initial, 2000 foot, 3-hole exploration program on the Strong Creek claims.
 
Geological Setting and Mineralization
 
The Laramie Anorthosite Complex (LAC), hosting the Strong Creek Fe-Ti deposits, is a 1.4 Billion year old intrusion that was emplaced into the Cheyenne suture between the Archean Wyoming Province and Early Proterozoic island-arc assemblages of the south-western United States. The LAC is comprised of older, layered anorthositic and gabbroic rocks and younger syenitic to monzonitic rocks.
 
The oxide-bearing gabbro-noritic and anothorositic rocks at Strong Creek host layered, late stage cumulate horizons of disseminated oxide mineralization. These rocks are unaltered and only show weak alteration along late fractures. A north-south, doubly plunging antiform produces local geology that has a core complex of anorthosite grading into progressively more differentiated leuco-gabbro-norite and syenite outer rims.
 
The economic model proposed for the Wyoming Iron Complex is an example of a Magmatic Ti­Fe-V Oxide Deposit, which is described in “Magmatic Ti-Fe±V Oxide Deposits, in Geological Fieldwork 1997, British Columbia Ministry of Employment and Investment” by Gross, G.A., Gower, C.F., and Lefebure, D. V., as follows:
 
Geologic Setting: Deposits occur in intrusive complexes which typically are emplaced at deeper levels in the crust. Progressive differentiation of liquids residual from anorthosite-nodte magmas leads to late stage intrusions enriched in Fe and Ti oxides and apatite. Some of the iron-titanium deposits occur at continental margins related to island arc magmatism, followed by an episode of orogenic compression.
 
Age of Mineralization: Mainly Mid proterozoic (1.65 to 0.90 Bn Years old) for the ilmenite deposits, but this may be a consequence of a particular combination of tectonic circumstances, rather than any a prior temporal control. The Fe-Ti deposits with titaniferous magnetite do not appear to be restricted in time.
 
Host/Associated Rocks: Hosted by massive, layered or zoned intrusive complexes - anorthosite, norite, gabbro, diorite, diabase, quartz monzonite and hornblende pyroxenite. The anorthosites are commonly emplaced in granitoid gneiss, granulite, schist, amphibolite and quartzite. Some deposits associated with lower grade rocks.
 


 
26

 

 
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
On December 7, 2012, we filed suit in state court in Albany County, Wyoming against DSS Holdings LLC and Douglas Samuelson (“Samuelson”) to regain preliminary access to our Iron Mountain holdings. This road crosses Samuelson’s property. Samuelson has locked the gate across the road providing access to the Iron Mountain holdings and denied our repeated requests for access. The suit was filed in the District Court of the Second Judicial District in Wyoming, after negotiations between the parties were unsuccessful. Under Wyoming Statute§ 1-26-507, we hoped to gain access to our property in order to conduct studies and collect samples of iron ore from the existing Iron Mountain pit and stockpile in order to evaluate the suitability of these materials to meet the specifications of potential customers.
 
On February 11, 2013, our petition to use the road was denied. We are now pursuing the condemnation efforts and are seeking a second preliminary access hearing.. We have sent a letter to Samuelson as a requirement to condemn an easement over the road under Wyoming Statute§1-26-505 through 1-26-508 and have sent another letter as a precursor to a second preliminary access hearing.
 
Other than the suit against DSS Holdings LLC and Samuelson, we know of no material pending legal proceedings to which our company or any of our subsidiaries is a party or of which any of our properties, or the properties of any of our subsidiaries, is the subject. In addition, we do not know of any such proceedings contemplated by any governmental authorities.
 
We know of no material proceedings in which any of our directors, officers or affiliates, or any registered or beneficial stockholder is a party adverse to our company or any of our subsidiaries or has a material interest adverse to our company or any of our subsidiaries.
 
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Pursuant to Section 1503(a) of the recently enacted Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, issuers that are operators, or that have a subsidiary that is an operator, of a coal or other mine in the United States are required to disclose in their periodic reports filed with the SEC information regarding specified health and safety violations, orders and citations, related assessments and legal actions, and mining-related fatalities. During the year ended December 31, 2012, our U.S. exploration properties were not subject to regulation by the Federal Mine Safety and Health Administration ("MSHA") under the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 as no mining activity has occurred on our properties.
 
 
PART II
 
 
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
Market Information
 
Our common stock is quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board of Financial Industry Regulatory Authority under the symbol “TFER”.
 
Set forth below are the range of high and low bid quotations for the periods indicated as reported by the OTC Bulletin Board. The market quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commissions and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.
 
Quarter Ended
 
High Bid
   
Low Bid
 
December 31, 2012
  $ 1.13     $ 0.18  
September 30, 2012
  $ 0.53     $ 0.20  
June 30, 2012
  $ 1.23     $ 0.17  
March 31, 2012
  $ 1.81     $ 0.90  
December 31, 2011
  $ 1.10     $ 0.40  
September 30, 2011(1)
  $ 1.01     $ 0.98  
 
 
1
The first trade of the shares of our common stock on the OTC Bulletin Board was July 12, 2011
 
On March 21, 2013, the closing price of our common stock as reported by the OTC Bulletin Board was $0.15 per share.
 
 
 
27

 
 
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES - continued
 
Transfer Agent
 
Our shares of common stock are issued in registered form.  Our transfer agent is Computershare, Inc., 350 Indiana Street, Suite 750, Golden CO 80401, phone (303) 262.0678.
 
Holders of Our Common Stock
 
As of March 21, 2013, there were 18 registered holders of record of our common stock. As of such date, 53,320,040 shares of our common stock were issued and outstanding.
 
Dividends
 
The payment of dividends, if any, in the future, rests within the sole discretion of our board of directors. The payment of dividends will depend upon our earnings, our capital requirements and our financial condition, as well as other relevant factors.  We have not declared any cash dividends since our inception and have no present intention of paying any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.
 
There are no restrictions in our articles of incorporation or bylaws that prevent us from declaring dividends. The Nevada Revised Statutes, however, do prohibit us from declaring dividends where, after giving effect to the distribution of the dividend:
1.
We would not be able to pay our debts as they become due in the usual course of business; or
2.
Our total assets would be less than the sum of our total liabilities plus the amount that would be needed to satisfy the rights of shareholders who have preferential rights superior to those receiving the distribution.
 
Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans
 
Effective November 22, 2011 our board of directors adopted and approved the stock option plan. The purpose of the stock option plan is to enhance the long-term stockholder value of our company by offering opportunities to directors, key employees, officers, independent contractors and consultants of our company to acquire and maintain stock ownership in our company in order to give these persons the opportunity to participate in our company’s growth and success, and to encourage them to remain in the service of our company. A total of 9,947,400 shares of our common stock are available for issuance under the stock option plan.

Plan Category
Number of Securities to be Issued Upon Exercise of Outstanding Options, Warrants and Rights
Weighted-Average Exercise Price of Outstanding Options, Warrants and Rights
Number of Securities Remaining Available for Future Issuance under Equity Compensation Plan
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
Nil
Nil
Nil
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders
4,950,000
$0.71
4,997,400
Total
4,950,000
$0.71
4,997,400
 


 
28

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES - continued
 
Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
 
Since the beginning of our fiscal year ended December 31, 2012, we have not sold any equity securities that were not registered under the Securities Act of 1933 that were not previously reported in an annual report on Form 10-K, in a quarterly report on Form 10-Q or in a current report on Form 8-K.
 
Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
 
None.
 
ITEM 6 SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
 
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Our management’s discussion and analysis provides a narrative about our financial performance and condition that should be read in conjunction with the audited and unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in this annual report on Form 10-K. This discussion contains forward looking statements reflecting our current expectations and estimates and assumptions about events and trends that may affect our future operating results or financial position. Our actual results and the timing of certain events could differ materially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements due to a number of factors, including, but not limited to, those set forth in the sections of this annual report on Form 10-K titled “Risk Factors” beginning at page 13 above and “Forward-Looking Statements” beginning at page 4 above.
 
Overview
 
We are a mineral exploration company. Our plan of operation is to carry out exploration work on our Wyoming Iron Complex in order to ascertain whether it possesses commercially exploitable quantities of iron ore and other metals. We intend to primarily explore for iron ore but if we discover that our mineral property hold potential for other minerals that our management determines are worth exploring further, then we intend to explore for those other minerals. We will not be able to determine whether or not the property contains a commercially exploitable mineral deposit, or reserve, until appropriate exploratory work is done and an economic evaluation based on that work indicates economic viability.
 
According to our plan of operation for a full exploration program, we estimate our cash needs for the next 12 months to be as follows:
 
Expense
 
Amount
Mineral exploration expenses for Wyoming Complex
$
8,000,000
Amounts payable under acquisition agreement for Wyoming Iron Complex
 
210,000
Professional Fees
 
130,000
General Administrative Expenses
 
650,000
Investor Relations
 
120,000
Travel
 
30,000
Total
$
9,140,000
 
We have no ongoing revenues, have achieved losses since inception, have been issued a going concern opinion by our auditors and rely upon the sale of our securities to fund operations.  Accordingly, we will be dependent on future additional financing in order to fund our anticipated cash needs, and to seek other business opportunities in the mining industry or new business opportunities. There are no assurances that we will be able to complete such future additional financings or seek other business opportunities.

 
29

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - continued
 
We are considered an exploration stage company as we are involved in the examination and investigation of the mineral property that we believe may contain valuable minerals, for the purpose of discovering the presence of ore, if any, and its extent. Since we are an exploration stage company, there is no assurance that a commercially viable mineral deposit exists on our property, and a great deal of further exploration will be required before a final evaluation as to the economic and legal feasibility for our exploration is determined. We have no known reserves of any type of mineral. To date, we have not discovered an economically viable mineral deposit on the mineral property, and there is no assurance that we will discover one.
 
Results of Operations
 
Years Ended December 31, 2012 and 2011
 
We were incorporated in the State of Nevada on June 5, 2007. Our plan after our inception on June 5, 2007 was to produce user-friendly software that creates interactive digital yearbook software for schools and allows them to create and burn their own interactive digital yearbooks on CD/DVD.
 
On June 13, 2011, we entered into a mineral property option acquisition agreement (“Acquisition Agreement”) with J2 Mining Ventures Ltd. pursuant to which J2 Mining agreed to transfer, sell and assign all (100%) of its right, title and interest in and to an iron ore mineral property option agreement (the “Option Agreement”) regarding property located in Albany County, Wyoming.
 
On June 30, 2011, we closed the Acquisition Agreement and entered into an assignment agreement (the “Assignment Agreement”) with J2 Mining and the owner of the property, Wyomex LLC, transferring J2 Mining’s interest in the Option Agreement to our company.
 
Our cash as at December 31, 2012 was $120,433. As a result of our minimal amount of revenues and ongoing expenditures in pursuit of our business, we incurred net losses since our inception. For the period from inception (June 5, 2007) to December 31, 2012 we had operating revenues of $4,855 and incurred a net loss of $4,437,953. For the year ended December 31, 2012, our net loss was $3,407,757.
 
Our operating expenses for our fiscal years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 and the changes between those periods for the respective items are summarized as follows:
 
   
Year
Ended December 31, 2012
   
Year
Ended December 31, 2011
 
   
$
   
$
 
REVENUES
   
-
     
-
 
                 
OPERATING EXPENSES
               
    Advertising
   
2,653
     
22,732
 
    General and administrative
   
586,421
     
345,928
 
    Impairment of mineral acquisition costs
   
-
     
50,124
 
    Accretion on promissory note
   
113,394
     
-
 
    Financing costs
   
8,391
     
-
 
    Interest expense
   
2,385
     
-
 
    Investor relations
   
227,687
     
22,046
 
    Professional fees
   
154,767
     
93,056
 
    Mineral property exploration costs
   
164,564
     
329,107
 
    Stock-based compensation
   
2,133,251
     
107,772
 
    Travel
   
14,244
     
1,543
 
                 
 TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES
   
3,407,757
     
972,308
 
                 
 


 
30

 

 
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - continued
 
Total operating expenses increased by 251% for the year ended December 31, 2012 compared to the same period ended December 31, 2011.  The increase in expenses over the prior year was due primarily to higher general and administrative expenses, inverstor relations, and stock based compensation.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Working Capital
   
December 31, 2012
   
December 31, 2011
 
   
(audited)
   
(audited)
 
Current Assets
  $ 145,433     $ 143,066  
Current Liabilities
  $ 196,525     $ 22,104  
Working Capital Deficiency
  $ (51,092 )   $ 120,962  
 
As of December 31, 2012, we had $120,433 in cash, as compared to $118,066 as of December 31, 2011. Our cash increased due to raising of capital via a private placement, offset by operating expenses during the period. As of December 31, 2012, we had accounts payable of $60,862, as compared to $21,457 as of December 31, 2011. Our accounts payable increased due to increased operating costs.
 
As of December 31, 2012, we had a current portion of promissory note of $127,353, as compared to nil as of December 31, 2011. Our current portion of promissory note increased due to payments due under the Wyomex property acquisition.
 
As of December 31, 2012, we had accrued expenses to related parties of $6,479, as compared to $647 as of December 31, 2011. Our accrued expenses to related parties increased due to amounts due to an officer.
 
We currently do not have sufficient capital to funds our needs for the next 12 months. We anticipate that the equity line, described below, once approved and effective, may be sufficient to meet our needs and we plan to rely upon it at least in part. Other possible sources of capital relate to: (1) sales from the stockpile of iron ore tailings at Iron Mountain which are a potential source of product to area cement producers, which we believe can provide revenue upon sale and delivery with minimal operational costs and under our existing State of Wyoming permit; and (2) the pit and titaniferous iron ore resource at Iron Mountain which is of interest to domestic steel mills as direct-ship feedstock, and which we believes could be developed and put in production upon securing of  permits, under a basic mine plan, and after minimal capital outlays of approximately $1,000,000. Both of these mining revenue possibilities are dependent first upon access to Iron Mountain which currently does not exist, and for which we have commenced a lawsuit in Albany County, Wyoming against the recalcitrant landowner.

Assuming that access to Iron Mountain can be gained, and that an operations plan and favorable economic cost data can be calculated,  Iron Mountain Ores would be produced on a Run of Mine (ROM) basis and shipped as “Lump Ore” or “Direct Ship Ore”.  ROM ores generally signifies mined materials, for which processing usually includes only mining (drilling and blasting), crushing and screening to size.  Based on preliminary discussions, with our marketing agents and potential customers, Iron Mountain ores would be crushed and screened to 100% > 3 inches, < 1.5 inches to meet general steel industry customer specifications. Currently much of this type of material used by US and Canadian Midwestern blast furnaces, in the Great Lakes region, is imported as ilmenite (FeTiO3) from South Africa, Canada or the Ukraine and has a TiO2 content of 30% to 32% at a landed cost (CIF) at the furnace of $300 per tonne. Fines or undersize material (less than 1.5 inches)will be marketed to the regional cement industry for use in the production of cement where fine, iron-containing material is preferred.  The current stockpile at Iron Mountain fits this purpose and Iron Mountain material has been used historically to meet the needs of area cement producers. Pricing and quantity of potential off-take is dependent on the quality and process requirements of each potential cement plant customer. Prices paid by local cement companies for iron ore are in the range of $25-30 per ton FOB minesite.

 
31

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - continued
 
We currently have no plans to prepay the Note to Wyomex, and intend to remit to Wyomex in advance of commercial production only the required advance minimum royalty payments, which are due semi-annually in the amount of $62,500 as adjusted for inflation.
 
Cash Flows
   
Year Ended
     
Year Ended
 
   
December 31, 2012
     
December 31, 2011
 
Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities
$
(983,734
)
 
$
(817,246
)
Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Investing Activities
 
(85,000
)
   
(110,124
Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Financing Activities
 
1,071,101
     
1,045,436
 
Net Increase in Cash
$
2,367
   
$
118,066
 
 
Operating Activities
 
Net cash used in operating activities increased by 25% for our 12-month period ended December 31, 2012 compared to the same period in 2011.  The reason for the increase is increased operating expenses.
 
Investing Activities
 
Net cash used in investing activities decreased by 23% for our 12-month period ended December 31, 2012 compared to the same period in 2011.  The reason for the decrease is fewer payments on mineral properties.
 
Financing Activities
 
Net cash provided by financing activities increased by 2% for our 12-month period ended December 31, 2012 compared to the same period in 2011.  The reason for the increase is the issuance of new convertible notes.
 
Securities Purchase Agreement with Ascendiant Capital Partners, LLC (Equity Line of Credit)
 
On October 18, 2012, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with Ascendiant Capital Partners, LLC, pursuant to which we may sell and issue to Ascendiant Capital Partners, LLC, and Ascendiant Capital Partners, LLC is obligated to purchase from us, up to $10,000,000 worth of shares of our common stock from time to time over a 36-month period, provided that certain conditions are met. The financing arrangement entered into by us and Ascendiant Capital Partners, LLC is commonly referred to as an “equity line of credit” or an “equity drawdown facility.” For further information regarding the securities purchase agreement with Ascendiant Capital Partners, LLC, see the section titled “The Offering” in our Registration Statement on Form S-1 dated February 22, 2013.
 
Securities Purchase Agreements (Debentures)
 
On October 18, 2012, we entered into securities purchase agreements with two investors, pursuant to which we sold an aggregate of $235,300 face value in principal amount of 5% convertible debentures due October 18, 2013. In addition to the debentures, we issued an aggregate of 705,901 common stock purchase warrants with each warrant entitling the holder to acquire one share of our common stock at a price of $0.25 per share for three years. The investors paid us the aggregate subscription amount of $200,000 for the debentures and the warrants, which subscription amount was at a 15% discount from the principal amount of the debentures. For further information regarding the debentures, see the section titled “The Offering” in our Registration Statement on Form S-1 dated February 22, 2013.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

 
32

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - continued
 
Going Concern
 
At December 31, 2012, we had an accumulated deficit of $4,440,179 since our inception and incurred a net loss of $3,409,983 for the period ended December 31, 2012.  We expect to incur further losses in the development of our business, all of which casts substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to generate future profitable operations and/or to obtain the necessary financing to meet our obligations and repay our liabilities arising from normal business operations when they come due. Our independent auditors included an explanatory paragraph regarding substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern in their report on our annual financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2012.
 
We have generated minimal revenues and have incurred losses since inception. Accordingly, we will be dependent on future additional financing in order to seek other business opportunities in the mining industry or new business opportunities. We are considered an exploration stage company as we are involved in the examination and investigation of the mineral property that we believe may contain valuable minerals, for the purpose of discovering the presence of ore, if any, and its extent. Since we are an exploration stage company, there is no assurance that a commercially viable mineral deposit exists on our property, and a great deal of further exploration will be required before a final evaluation as to the economic and legal feasibility for our exploration is determined. We have no known reserves of any type of mineral. To date, we have not discovered an economically viable mineral deposit on the mineral property, and there is no assurance that we will discover one.
 
Application of Critical Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation
 
Our financial statements and related notes are presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, and are expressed in US dollars. Our fiscal year-end is December 31, 2012.
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of these statements in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses in the reporting period. We regularly evaluates estimates and assumptions related to useful life and recoverability of long-lived assets, deferred income tax asset valuations, asset retirement obligations, financial instrument valuations, and loss contingencies. We base our estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience and various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the accrual of costs and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. The actual results experienced by us may differ materially and adversely from our estimates. To the extent there are material differences between the estimates and the actual results, future results of operations will be affected.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
We recognize revenue when products are fully delivered or services have been provided and collection is reasonably assured.
 
Advertising Costs
 
Our policy regarding advertising is to expense advertising when incurred.

 
33

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - continued
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
We consider all highly liquid instruments purchased with a maturity of six months or less to be cash equivalents to the extent the funds are not being held for investment purposes.
 
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
 
We continually monitor events and changes in circumstances that could indicate carrying amounts of long-lived assets may not be recoverable. When such events or changes in circumstances are present, we assess the recoverability of long-lived assets by determining whether the carrying value of such assets will be recovered through undiscounted expected future cash flows.
 
If the total of the future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of those assets, we recognize an impairment loss based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or the fair value less costs to sell.
 
Stock-based compensation
 
We record stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation – Stock Based Compensation, which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense based on estimated fair values for all share-based awards made to employees and directors, including stock options.
 
ASC 718 requires companies to estimate the fair value of share-based awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model. We use the Black-Scholes option pricing model as its method in determining fair value. This model is affected by our stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of subjective variables. These subjective variables include, but are not limited to our expected stock price volatility over the terms of the awards, and actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as an expense in the statement of operations over the requisite service period.
 
Mineral Property Costs
 
We are in the exploration stage and have not yet realized any revenues from operations.  We are primarily engaged in the acquisition and exploration of mineral properties. Mineral property exploration costs are expensed as incurred. Mineral property acquisition costs are initially capitalized.  We assess the carrying costs for impairment, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying cost may not be recoverable under ASC 360, Property, Plant, and Equipment at each reporting date. When it has been determined that a mineral property can be economically developed as a result of establishing proven and probable reserves, the costs then incurred to develop such property, will be capitalized. Such costs will be amortized using the units-of-production method over the estimated recoverable reserves. If mineral properties are subsequently abandoned or impaired, any capitalized costs will be charged to operations.
 
Asset Retirement Obligations
 
We record asset retirement obligations in accordance with ASC 410-20, Asset Retirement Obligations, which addresses financial accounting and reporting for obligations associated with the retirement of tangible long-lived assets and the associated retirement costs. The standard applies to legal obligations associated with the retirement of long-lived assets that result from the acquisition, construction, development and normal use of the asset. ASC 410-20 requires that the fair value of a liability for an asset retirement obligation be recognized in the period in which it is incurred if a reasonable estimate of fair value can be made. The fair value of the liability is added to the carrying amount of the associated asset and this additional carrying amount is depreciated over the life of the asset. The liability is accreted at the end of each period through charges to operating expense. If the obligation is settled for other than the carrying amount of the liability, we will recognize a gain or loss on settlement. As at December 31, 2012, we have not incurred any asset retirement obligation related to the exploration and development of its resource properties.

 
34

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - continued
 
Comprehensive Loss
 
ASC 220, Comprehensive Income establishes standards for the reporting and display of comprehensive loss and its components in the consolidated financial statements. As at December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, we have no items that represent other comprehensive loss and, therefore, have not included a schedule of other comprehensive loss in the financial statements.
 
Financial Instruments
 
FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value under generally accepted accounting principles and enhances disclosures about fair value measurements. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value, as required by ASC 820, must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.
 
Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurements requires judgment, and may affect the valuation of the assets and liabilities being measured and their placement within the fair value hierarchy. The carrying values of cash, accounts payable, and due to related parties approximate fair values because of the short-term maturity of these instruments. Unless otherwise noted, it is management’s opinion that we are not exposed to significant interest, currency or credit risks arising from these financial instruments.
 
Basic and Diluted Net Loss Per Share
 
We compute net loss per share in accordance with ASC 260, Earnings per Share.  ASC 260 requires presentation of both basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS) on the face of the statement of operations. Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to common shareholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Diluted EPS gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method and convertible preferred stock using the if-converted method. In computing diluted EPS, the average stock price for the period is used in determining the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise of stock options or warrants. Diluted EPS excludes all dilutive potential shares if their effect is anti-dilutive. Shares underlying these securities totaled approximately 5,000,000 as of December 31, 2012.
 
Income Taxes
 
We account for income taxes using the asset and liability method in accordance with ASC 740, Income Taxes. The asset and liability method provides that deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and for operating loss and tax credit carry forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the currently enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. We record a valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is believed more likely than not to be realized.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
We have implemented all other new accounting pronouncements that are in effect and that may impact its financial statements and does not believe that there are any other new accounting pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.
 
ITEM 7A QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
Not Applicable

 
35

 

ITEM 8 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
 
 


 


 


TITAN IRON ORE CORP.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2012




 
 Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm   F-1
     
 Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011
 
F-2
     
 Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, and for the period from June 5, 2007 (inception) to December 31, 2012
 
F-3
     
Statement of Stockholders’ Equity  (Deficit) for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, and for the period from June 5, 2007 (inception) to December 31, 2012
 
F-4
     
 Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, and for the period from June 5, 2007 (inception) to December 31, 2012
 
F-5
     
 Notes to the Financial Statements 
 
F-6
 

 
36 

 
 


 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm


To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Titan Iron Ore Corp.
(An Exploration Stage Company)


We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Titan Iron Ore Corp. (An Exploration Stage Company) as of December 31, 2012 and 2011 and the related statements of comprehensive loss, cash flows and stockholders’ equity (deficit) for the years then ended and for the period from June 5, 2007 (date of inception) through to December 31, 2012. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. An audit includes consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Titan Iron Ore Corp. (An Exploration Stage Company) as of December 31, 2012 and 2011, and the results of its operations, cash flows and stockholders’ deficit for the years then ended and for the period from June 5, 2007 (date of inception) through December 31, 2012 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, the Company has a working capital deficit and has accumulated losses since inception. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also discussed in Note 1. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.


/s/ "Manning Elliott LLP"

CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS
 
Vancouver, Canada
 
March 28, 2013


 
F-1

 




TITAN IRON ORE CORP.
(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)
BALANCE SHEETS
(Expressed in US dollars)

 
 
             
ASSETS
 
December 31,
2012
   
December 31,
2011
 
             
Current Assets
           
Cash
  $ 120,433     $ 118,066  
Prepaid expenses (Note 9)
    25,000       25,000  
Total current assets
    145,433       143,066  
                 
Deferred financing costs (Note 13)
    366,684       -  
Debt issue costs (Note 12)
    32,998       -  
Mineral properties (Note 3)
    1,206,011       60,000  
                 
TOTAL ASSETS
  $ 1,751,126     $ 203,066  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
                 
LIABILITIES
               
Current Liabilities
               
Accounts payable
  $ 60,862     $ 21,457  
Convertible debentures (Note 12)
    1,831       -  
Current portion of promissory note (Note 6)
    127,353       -  
Accrued expenses - related party (Note 9)
    6,479       647  
Total Current Liabilities
    196,525       22,104  
                 
Promissory note (Note 6)
    982,159       -  
                 
Total Liabilities
    1,178,684       22,104  
                 
Contingency (Note 1)
               
Commitments (Note 8)
               
Subsequent events (Note 15)
               
                 
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
Preferred stock, 50,000,000 shares authorized at par value of $0.0001, no shares issued and outstanding
    -       -  
Common stock, 3,700,000,000 shares authorized at par value of $0.0001, 52,501,110 (December 31, 2011 – 49,737,000) shares issued and outstanding (Note 4)
    5,250       4,974  
Additional paid-in capital
    4,833,170       1,206,184  
Common stock issuable (Note 13)
    171,975       -  
Deficit accumulated during the exploration stage
    (4,437,953 )     (1,030,196 )
Total Stockholders' Equity
    572,442       180,962  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
  $ 1,751,126     $ 203,066  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements.

 
F-2

 
 


TITAN IRON ORE CORP.
 (AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)
STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(Expressed in US dollars)
 
 
 
   
Year
Ended December 31, 2012
   
Year
Ended December 31, 2011
   
Period from June 5, 2007 (Inception) to December 31, 2012
 
   
$
   
$
   
$
 
REVENUES
   
-
     
-
     
4,855
 
                         
OPERATING EXPENSES
                       
    Advertising
   
2,653
     
22,732
     
25,385
 
    General and administrative (Note 9)
   
586,421
     
345,928
     
978,484
 
    Impairment of mineral acquisition costs (Note 3)
   
-
     
50,124
     
50,124
 
    Accretion on promissory note (Note 6)
   
113,394
     
-
     
113,394
 
    Financing costs
   
8,391
     
-
     
8,391
 
    Interest expense
   
2,385
     
-
     
2,385
 
    Investor relations
   
227,687
     
22,046
     
249,733
 
    Professional fees
   
154,767
     
93,056
     
280,895
 
    Mineral property exploration costs (Note 11)
   
164,564
     
329,107
     
493,671
 
    Stock-based compensation (Note 7)
   
2,133,251
     
107,772
     
2,241,023
 
    Travel
   
14,244
     
1,543
     
15,787
 
                         
 TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES
   
3,407,757
     
972,308
     
4,459,272
 
                         
 LOSS FROM OPERATIONS
   
(3,407,757
)
   
(972,308
)
   
(4,454,417
)
                         
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES)
                       
    Gain on debt settlement
   
-
     
17,631
     
17,631
 
    Other income (expenses)
   
-
     
-
     
(1,167)
 
                         
NET LOSS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
   
(3,407,757
)
   
(954,677
)
   
(4,437,953
)
                         
BASIC LOSS PER SHARE
   
(0.07
)
   
(0.01
)
       
                         
WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF SHARES OUTSTANDING
   
51,331,037
     
121,990,562
         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements.

 
F-3

 
 
 
TITAN IRON ORE CORP.
(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)
STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)
FOR THE PERIOD FROM JUNE 15, 2007 (INCEPTION) TO DECEMBER 31, 2012
(Expressed in US dollars)
 
   
Common # Stock
(Note 4)
   
Common Stock Amount
   
Additional Paid-in Capital
   
Common stock issuable
   
Deficit Accumulated During the Development Stage
   
Total
 
Balance, June 5, 2007 (Inception)
    -     $ -     $ -           $ -     $ -  
                                               
Common Stock issued for cash
                                             
at $0.0001 per share
    148,000,000       14,800       (14,400 )     -       -       400  
                                                 
Common Stock issued for cash
                                               
at $0.05 per share
    29,637,000       2,964       37,086       -       -       40,050  
                                                 
Net loss for the period ended
                                               
December 31, 2007
    -       -       -       -       (21,874 )     (21,874 )
                                                 
Balance, December 31, 2007
    177,637,000       17,764       22,686       -       (21,874 )     18,576  
                                                 
Common Stock issued for creditors
                                               
at $0.05 per share
    12,950,000       1,295       16,205               -       17,500  
                                                 
Net loss 2008
    -       -       -       -       (34,675 )     (34,675 )
                                                 
Balance, December 31, 2008
    190,587,000       19,059       38,891       -       (56,549 )     1,401  
                                                 
Net loss 2009
    -       -       -       -       (9,485 )     (9,485 )
                                                 
Balance, December 31, 2009
    190,587,000       19,059       38,891       -       (66,034 )     (8,084 )
                                                 
Net loss 2010
    -       -       -       -       (9,485 )     (9,485 )
                                                 
Balance, December 31, 2010
    190,587,000       19,059       38,891       -       (75,519 )     (17,569 )
                                                 
Common Stock issued for cash
                                               
at $0.50 per share
    2,100,000       210       1,049,790       -       -       1,050,000  
                                                 
Share issuance costs
    -       -       (4,564 )     -       -       (4,564 )
                                                 
Shares cancelled
    (142,950,000 )     (14,295 )     14,295       -       -       -  
                                                 
Stock-based compensation
    -       -       107,772       -       -       107,772  
                                                 
Net loss 2011
    -       -       -       -       (954,677 )     (954,677 )
                                                 
Balance, December 31, 2011
    49,737,000     $ 4,974     $ 1,206,184       -     $ (1,030,196 )   $ 180,962  
                                     
Common Stock issued for cash
                                   
at $0.75 per share (net of issuance costs)
    1,334,000       133       993,405       -       -       993,538  
                                                 
Shares issued for services
    550,000       55       126,445       -       -       126,500  
                                                 
Stock-based compensation
    -       -       2,133,251       -       -       2,133,251  
                                                 
Shares issued under equity line (Note 13)
    323,928       32       182,177       -       -      
182,209
 
                                                 
Shares to be issued under equity line (Note 13)     -       -       -       171,975       -      
171,975
 
                                                 
Exercise of warrants
    556,182       56       (56 )     -       -       -  
                                                 
Convertible notes (net proceeds)
    -       -       191,764       -       -       191,764  
                                                 
Net loss 2012
    -       -       -       -       (3,407,757 )     (3,407,757 )
                                                 
Balance,  December 31, 2012
    52,501,110     $ 5,250     $ 4,833,170       171,975     $ (4,437,953 )   $ 572,442  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements.

 
F-4

 
 


TITAN IRON ORE CORP.
 (AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)
STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Expressed in US dollars)
 

   
Year Ended
 December 31, 2012
   
Year Ended
 December 31, 2011
   
Period from June 5, 2007 (Inception) to December 31, 2012
 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
                 
Net loss
 
$
(3,407,757
)
 
$
(954,677
)
 
$
(4,437,953
)
                         
Adjustments to Reconcile Net Loss to Net Cash Used in Operating Activities:
                       
Depreciation expense
   
-
     
-
     
5,833
 
Stock-based compensation
   
2,133,251
     
107,772
     
2,241,023
 
Loss on disposal of assets
   
-
     
-
     
1,167
 
Impairment of mineral property
   
-
     
50,124
     
50,124
 
Financing costs
   
8,391
     
-
     
8,391
 
Accretion on promissory note
   
113,394
     
-
     
113,394
 
Shares issued for services
   
126,500
     
-
     
144,000
 
Gain on debt settlement
   
-
     
(17,631
)
   
(17,631
)
Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities
                       
Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses
   
-
     
(25,000
)
   
(25,000
)
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable
   
36,655
     
21,519
     
66,529
 
Increase (decrease) in accrued expenses – related party
   
5,832
     
647
     
15,693
 
Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities
   
(983,734
)
   
(817,246
)
   
(1,872,517
)
                         
Cash Flows used in Investing Activities:
                       
Acquisition of property and equipment
   
-
     
-
     
(7,000
)
Payment on mineral property options
   
(85,000
)
   
(110,124
)
   
(195,124
)
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities
   
(85,000
)
   
(110,124
)
   
(202,124
)
                         
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
                       
Common stock issued for cash (net of issuance costs)
   
993,538
     
1,045,436
     
2,086,386
 
Proceeds from convertible debentures (net proceeds)
   
168,875
     
-
     
200,000
 
Repayment of promissory note
   
(63,562
)
   
-
     
(63,562
)
Deferred financing costs
   
(27,750
)
   
-
     
(27,750
)
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities
   
1,071,101
     
1,045,436
     
2,195,074
 
                         
Net Increase in Cash
   
2,367
     
118,066
     
120,433
 
                         
Cash– Beginning
   
118,066
     
-
     
-
 
                         
Cash– Ending
 
$
120,433
   
$
118,066
   
$
120,433
 
                         
Supplemental Cash Flow Information:
                       
Cash paid for interest
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
Cash paid for income taxes
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
                         
Non-cash Investing and Financing Items:
                 
Shares issued for services
 
$
126,500
   
$
-
   
$
144,000
 
Promissory note issued for mineral property
   
1,061,011
     
-
     
1,061,011
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements.

 
F-5

 
 
TITAN IRON ORE CORP.
 (AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)
NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2012
(Expressed in US dollars)

1.  NATURE AND CONTINUANCE OF BUSINESS

Titan Iron Ore Corp. (the Company) (formerly Digital Yearbook, Inc.) was incorporated in the State of Nevada on June 5, 2007. Effective June 15, 2011, the Company completed a merger with its subsidiary, Titan Iron Ore Corp., a Nevada corporation, which was incorporated solely to effect a change in our name from “Digital Yearbook Inc.” to “Titan Iron Ore Corp.” effective becoming an exploration stage company. The Company’s principal business includes the acquisition, and exploration of mineral properties. Also effective June 15, 2011, the Company effected a 37 to one forward stock split of our authorized and issued and outstanding common stock.  As a result, 5,151,000 shares of common stock outstanding increased to 190,587,000 shares of common stock. Subsequently, on June 20, 2011, the Company issued 2,100,000 common shares pursuant to a private placement unit offering, increasing the number of shares of common stock outstanding to 192,687,000. Effective June 30, 2011 and in connection with the acquisition of an option to purchase a mineral property, certain shareholders surrendered 142,950,000 common shares of the Company. As a result of the Company’s cancellation of these shares, the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock decreased to 49,737,000. During the year ended December 31, 2012 the Company issued 1,334,000 shares in a private placement, issued 550,000 shares for services received, issued 323,928 shares under an equity credit line financing, and issued 556,182 shares resulting from the exercise of warrants, bringing the total outstanding shares to 52,501,110.

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern, which implies that the Company would continue to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company has never paid any dividends and is unlikely to pay dividends or generate earnings in the immediate or foreseeable future. As at December 31, 2012 the Company has a working capital deficiency of $51,092 and has accumulated losses of $4,437,953 since inception and its operations continue to be funded primarily from sales of its stock. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management intends to seek additional capital from a equity line of credit to continue the exploration for mineral resources (see Notes 13 and 15). The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern, including completion of the acquisition, exploration and development of its mineral properties is dependent on the Company’s ability to obtain the necessary financing from sales of its stock financings. The financial statements do not include any adjustments to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Basis of Presentation
These financial statements and related notes are presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, and are expressed in US dollars. The Company’s fiscal year end is December 31.
 
Use of Estimates
The preparation of these statements in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses in the reporting period. The Company regularly evaluates estimates and assumptions related to useful life and recoverability of long-lived assets, deferred income tax asset valuations, asset retirement obligations, financial instrument valuations, share based payments, other equity-based payments, and loss contingencies. The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience and various other factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the accrual of costs and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. The actual results experienced by the Company may differ materially and adversely from the Company’s estimates. To the extent there are material differences between the estimates and the actual results, future results of operations will be affected. 

Revenue Recognition
The Company recognizes revenue when products are fully delivered or services have been provided and collection is reasonably assured.

Advertising Costs
The Company’s policy regarding advertising is to expense advertising when incurred.

Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.


 
F-6

 
TITAN IRON ORE CORP.
 (AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)
NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2012
(Expressed in US dollars)

2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
The Company continually monitors events and changes in circumstances that could indicate carrying amounts of long-lived assets may not be recoverable. When such events or changes in circumstances are present, the Company assesses the recoverability of long-lived assets by determining whether the carrying value of such assets will be recovered through undiscounted expected future cash flows.

If the total of the future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of those assets, the Company recognizes an impairment loss based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or the fair value less costs to sell.

Stock-based Compensation
The Company records stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation – Stock Based Compensation and ASC 505, Equity Based Payments to Non-Employees, which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense based on estimated fair values for all share-based awards made to employees and directors, including stock options.

ASC 718 requires companies to estimate the fair value of share-based awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model as its method in determining fair value. This model is affected by the Company’s stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of subjective variables. These subjective variables include, but are not limited to the Company’s expected stock price volatility over the terms of the awards, and actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as an expense in the statement of operations over the requisite service period.

All transactions in which goods or services are the consideration received for the issuance of equity instruments are accounted for based on the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instrument issued, whichever is more reliably measurable.

Mineral Property Costs
The Company is in the exploration stage and has not yet realized any revenues from its planned operations. It is primarily engaged in the acquisition and exploration of mineral properties. Mineral property exploration costs are expensed as incurred. Mineral property acquisition costs are capitalized.  The Company assesses the carrying costs for impairment, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying cost may not be recoverable under ASC 360, Property, Plant, and Equipment at each reporting date. When it has been determined that a mineral property can be economically developed as a result of establishing proven and probable reserves, the costs then incurred to develop such property, will be capitalized. Such costs will be amortized using the units-of-production method over the estimated recoverable reserves. If mineral properties are subsequently abandoned or impaired, any capitalized costs will be charged to operations.

Asset Retirement Obligations
The Company records asset retirement obligations in accordance with ASC 410-20, Asset Retirement Obligations, which addresses financial accounting and reporting for obligations associated with the retirement of tangible long-lived assets and the associated retirement costs. The standard applies to legal obligations associated with the retirement of long-lived assets that result from the acquisition, construction, development and normal use of the asset. ASC 410-20 requires that the fair value of a liability for an asset retirement obligation be recognized in the period in which it is incurred if a reasonable estimate of fair value can be made. The fair value of the liability is added to the carrying amount of the associated asset and this additional carrying amount is depreciated over the life of the asset. The liability is accreted at the end of each period through charges to operating expense. If the obligation is settled for other than the carrying amount of the liability, the Company will recognize a gain or loss on settlement. As at December 31, 2012, the Company has not incurred any asset retirement obligation related to the exploration of its mineral property option.

Comprehensive Loss
ASC 220, Comprehensive Income establishes standards for the reporting and display of comprehensive loss and its components in the consolidated financial statements.




 
F-7

 
TITAN IRON ORE CORP.
 (AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)
NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2012
(Expressed in US dollars)
 
2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

Financial Instruments
FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value under generally accepted accounting principles and enhances disclosures about fair value measurements. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value, as required by ASC 820, must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.

The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurements requires judgment, and may affect the valuation of the assets and liabilities being measured and their placement within the fair value hierarchy. The carrying values of cash, accounts payable, and due to related parties approximate fair values because of the short-term maturity of these instruments. The fair value of the Company’s promissory note approximates carrying value as the underlying imputed interest rate approximates the estimated market rate. Unless otherwise noted, it is management’s opinion that the Company is not exposed to significant interest, currency or credit risks arising from these financial instruments.

Basic and Diluted Net Loss Per Share
The Company computes net loss per share in accordance with ASC 260, Earnings per Share.  ASC 260 requires presentation of both basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS) on the face of the statement of operations. Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to common shareholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Diluted EPS gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method and convertible preferred stock using the if-converted method. In computing diluted EPS, the average stock price for the period is used in determining the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise of stock options or warrants. Diluted EPS excludes all dilutive potential shares if their effect is anti-dilutive. Shares underlying these securities totaled approximately 6,667,000 as of December 31, 2012.

Income Taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method in accordance with ASC 740, Income Taxes. The asset and liability method provides that deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and for operating loss and tax credit carry forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the currently enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The Company records a valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is believed more likely than not to be realized.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
The Company has implemented all other new accounting pronouncements that are in effect and that may impact its financial statements and does not believe that there are any other new accounting pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
F-8

 
TITAN IRON ORE CORP.
 (AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)