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EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - Ault Global Holdings, Inc.ex31_1.htm

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 
Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
    
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018
 
 
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
    
 
For the transition period from ________ to ________.
 
 
Commission file number 1-12711
 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
94-1721931
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or
organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
 
201 Shipyard Way, Suite E
Newport Beach, CA 92663
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(510) 657-2635
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding year (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  ☑    No  ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding year (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  ☑    No  ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer  ☐
Accelerated filer  ☐
Non-accelerated filer  ☐
Smaller reporting company  ☑
 (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Emerging growth company  ☐
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  ☐    No  ☑
 
At May 18, 2018 the registrant had outstanding 59,256,783 shares of common stock.
 

 

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC.
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS  
 
 
 
Page
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 (Unaudited) and December 31,
2017 (Audited)
1-2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three
months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (Unaudited)
3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31,
2018 and 2017 (Unaudited)
4-5
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notes to Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
6 – 35
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
36
       
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
44
 
 
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
44
 
 
 
 
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
45
 
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
45
 
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
45
 
Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
46
 
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
47
 
Item 5.
Other Information
47
 
Item 6.
Exhibits
48
 
 
Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Words such as "anticipates," "expects," "intends," "goals," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," "continues," "may," "will," “would,” "should," “could,” and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. In addition, any statements that refer to projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth and trends in our businesses, uncertain events or assumptions, and other characterizations of future events or circumstances are forward-looking statements. Such statements are based on management's expectations as of the date of this filing and involve many risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include those described throughout this report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, particularly the "Risk Factors" sections of such reports. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made in this Form 10-Q and in other documents we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission that disclose risks and uncertainties that may affect our business. The forward-looking statements in this Form 10-Q do not reflect the potential impact of any divestitures, mergers, acquisitions, or other business combinations that had not been completed as of May 21, 2018. In addition, the forward-looking statements in this Form 10-Q are made as of the date of this filing, and we do not undertake, and expressly disclaims any duty, to update such statements, whether as a result of new information, new developments or otherwise, except to the extent that disclosure may be required by law.
 

 
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.  Financial Statements.
 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
U.S. dollars in thousands, except per share data

   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
ASSETS
           
             
CURRENT ASSETS
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
630
   
$
1,478
 
Marketable securities
   
1,938
     
1,835
 
Digital currencies
   
166
     
 
Accounts receivable
   
1,565
     
1,898
 
Accounts and other receivable, related party
   
1,967
     
174
 
Inventories, net
   
2,237
     
1,993
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
2,702
     
1,407
 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS
   
11,205
     
8,785
 
Intangible assets, net
   
2,868
     
2,898
 
Goodwill
   
3,652
     
3,652
 
Property and equipment, net
   
8,590
     
1,217
 
Investments - related party, net of original issue discount of $3,082
               
  and $2,115, respectively
   
2,970
     
2,333
 
Investments in warrants and common stock - related party
   
4,624
     
7,728
 
Investments in preferred stock of private company
   
1,000
     
1,000
 
Other investments
   
2,011
     
1,637
 
Other investments, related parties
   
893
     
917
 
Other assets
   
680
     
343
 
TOTAL ASSETS
 
$
38,493
   
$
30,510
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
CURRENT LIABILITIES
               
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
$
4,680
   
$
4,273
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses, related party
   
81
     
70
 
Advances on future receipts
   
3,775
     
1,963
 
Short term advances
   
2,776
     
2,439
 
Short term advances, related party
   
295
     
245
 
Revolving credit facility
   
339
     
388
 
Notes payable, net
   
3,160
     
402
 
Notes payable, related party
   
162
     
134
 
Convertible notes payable
   
     
398
 
Other current liabilities
   
727
     
708
 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES
   
15,995
     
11,020
 
                 
LONG TERM LIABILITIES
               
Notes payable
   
520
     
525
 
Notes payable, related parties
   
146
     
175
 
TOTAL LIABILITIES
 
$
16,661
   
$
11,720
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
1

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (continued)
U.S. dollars in thousands, except shares and per share data


   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
           
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
           
Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value, designated in the following classes;
 
$
   
$
 
  25,000,000 shares authorized; 224,776 and 478,776 shares issued and
               
   outstanding at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
               
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value –
   
     
 
  500,000 shares authorized; nil shares issued and outstanding at
               
  March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017
               
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, $10 stated value per share,
   
     
 
  share, $0.001 par value – 500,000 shares authorized; 100,000 shares issued
               
  and outstanding at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
               
  (liquidation preference of $1,000 at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017)
               
Series C Convertible Preferred Stock, $2.40 stated value per share,
   
     
 
  $0.001 par value – 460,000 shares authorized; nil shares issued and outstanding
               
   at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017
               
Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.01 stated value per
   
     
 
  share, $0.001 par value – 378,776 shares authorized; 124,276 and 378,776
               
  shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017,
               
  respectively (liquidation preference of $1 and $4 at March 31, 2018, and
               
  and December 31, 2017, respectively)
               
Series E Convertible Preferred Stock, $45 stated value per share,
   
     
 
  $0.001 par value – 10,000 shares authorized; nil shares issued and outstanding
               
  at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017
               
Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value – 23,151,224 shares authorized; nil shares
   
     
 
  issued and outstanding at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017
               
Class A Common Stock, $0.001 par value – 200,000,000 shares authorized;
   
42
     
30
 
 42,035,134 and 30,222,299 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2018
               
 and December 31, 2017, respectively
               
Class B Common Stock, $0.001 par value – 25,000,000 shares authorized;
   
     
 
 nil shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017
               
Additional paid-in capital
   
50,728
     
36,888
 
Accumulated deficit
   
(29,471
)
   
(23,412
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
(212
)
   
4,503
 
TOTAL DPW HOLDINGS STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
   
21,087
     
18,009
 
Non-controlling interest
   
745
     
781
 
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
   
21,832
     
18,790
 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
$
38,493
   
$
30,510
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
2

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHNSIVE LOSS (Unaudited)
U.S. dollars in thousands, except shares and per share data


   
For the Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
             
Revenue
 
$
3,166
   
$
1,628
 
Revenue, cryptocurrency mining
   
237
     
 
Revenue, related party
   
1,793
     
 
Total revenue
   
5,196
     
1,628
 
Cost of revenue
   
3,803
     
920
 
Gross profit
   
1,393
     
708
 
Operating expenses
               
Engineering and product development
   
343
     
227
 
Selling and marketing
   
725
     
295
 
General and administrative
   
3,222
     
973
 
Change in fair value of digital currency
   
70
     
 
Total operating expenses
   
4,360
     
1,495
 
Loss from operations
   
(2,967
)
   
(787
)
Interest expense
   
(3,132
)
   
(207
)
Loss before income taxes
   
(6,099
)
   
(994
)
Income tax benefit
   
4
     
 
Net loss
   
(6,095
)
   
(994
)
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest
   
36
     
 
Net loss available to common stockholders
 
$
(6,059
)
 
$
(994
)
Basic and diluted net loss per common share
 
$
(0.17
)
 
$
(0.12
)
Basic and diluted weighted average common shares outstanding
   
36,709,506
     
8,382,713
 
Comprehensive Loss
               
Loss available to common stockholders
 
$
(6,059
)
 
$
(994
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
               
Foreign currency translation adjustment
   
26
     
21
 
Net unrealized loss on securities available-for-sale
   
(4,741
)
   
 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
   
(4,715
)
   
21
 
Total Comprehensive loss
 
$
(10,774
)
 
$
(973
)
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
3

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
U.S. dollars in thousands



   
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
             
Cash flows from operating activities:
           
Net loss
 
$
(6,095
)
 
$
(994
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
         
Depreciation
   
115
     
33
 
Amortization
   
33
     
 
Interest expense – debt discount
   
3,051
     
195
 
Accretion of original issue discount on notes receivable – related party
   
(485
)
   
(7
)
Interest expense on conversion of promissory notes to common stock
   
     
13
 
Stock-based compensation
   
1,438
     
157
 
Revaluation of digital currencies
   
71
     
 
Realized losses on sale of marketable securities
   
42
     
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
   
344
     
413
 
Accounts receivable, related party
   
(1,793
)
   
28
 
Digital currencies
   
(237
)
   
 
Inventories
   
(215
)
   
193
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
604
     
15
 
Other assets
   
(381
)
   
(29
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
   
527
     
(338
)
Accounts payable, related parties
   
11
     
 
Other current liabilities
   
11
     
49
 
Net cash used in operating activities
   
(2,959
)
   
(272
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Purchase of property and equipment
   
(7,478
)
   
(3
)
Purchase of intangible asset
   
(3
)
   
 
Investments – related party
   
(147
)
   
(610
)
Investments in warrants and common stock - related party
   
(1,555
)
   
 
Investments in marketable securities
   
(657
)
   
 
Sales of marketable securities
   
430
     
 
Loans to related parties
   
     
(59
)
Proceeds from loans to related parties
   
16
     
 
Investments in debt and equity securities
   
(371
)
   
(20
)
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(9,765
)
   
(692
)
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
4

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited) (continued)
U.S. dollars in thousands


   
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
             
Cash flows from financing activities:
           
Gross proceeds from sales of common stock and warrants
 
$
6,243
   
$
300
 
Financing cost in connection with sales of equity securities
   
(858
)
   
(73
)
Proceeds from stock option exercises
   
98
     
 
Proceeds from warrant exercises
   
867
     
 
Proceeds from convertible notes payable
   
1,000
     
 
Proceeds from notes payable – related party
   
     
350
 
Proceeds from notes payable
   
8,550
     
520
 
Proceeds from short-term advances – related party
   
50
     
 
Proceeds from short-term advances
   
762
     
 
Payments on short-term advances
   
(425
)
   
 
Payments on notes payable
   
(5,247
)
   
 
Proceeds from advances on future receipts
   
2,990
     
 
Payments on advances on future receipts
   
(1,917
)
   
 
Payments on revolving credit facilities, net
   
(221
)
   
 
                 
Net cash provided by financing activities
   
11,892
     
1,097
 
                 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
   
(16
)
   
9
 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
   
(848
)
   
142
 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
   
1,478
     
996
 
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
630
   
$
1,138
 
                 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
               
Cash paid during the period for interest
 
$
226
   
$
12
 
                 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
               
Cancellation of convertible note payable into shares of common stock
 
$
2,168
   
$
 
Issuance of common stock for prepaid services
 
$
1,924
   
$
 
Cancellation of notes payable – related party into shares of
               
common stock
 
$
   
$
100
 
Cancellation of notes payable into shares of common stock
 
$
   
$
300
 
Cancellation of note payable – related party into series B
               
convertible preferred stock
 
$
   
$
250
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
5

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
 
DPW Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“DPW” or the “Company”), formerly known as Digital Power Corporation, was incorporated in September 2017. The Company is a diversified holding company owning subsidiaries engaged in the following operating businesses: commercial and defense solutions, commercial lending, cryptocurrency blockchain mining and advanced textile technology. The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiaries are Coolisys Technologies, Inc. (“Coolisys”), Digital Power Limited (“DP Limited”), Digital Power Lending, LLC (“DP Lending”) Super Crypto Mining, Inc. (“SC Mining”), and Power-Plus Technical Distributors, LLC. The Company also has a controlling interest in Microphase Corporation (“Microphase”). The Company has three reportable segments – North America with operations conducted by Microphase, Coolisys, Power-Plus and DP Lending, Europe with operations through DP Limited and digital currency blockchain mining through SC Mining.

2. LIQUIDITY, GOING CONCERN AND MANAGEMENT’S PLANS

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the basis that the Company will continue as a going concern. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $630, an accumulated deficit of $29,471 and a negative working capital of $4,790. The Company has incurred recurring losses and reported losses for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, totaled $6,095 and $994, respectively.  In the past, the Company has financed its operations principally through issuances of convertible debt, promissory notes and equity securities. During 2018, the Company continued to successfully obtain additional equity and debt financing and in restructuring existing debt.

The Company expects to continue to incur losses for the foreseeable future and needs to raise additional capital to continue its business development initiatives and to support its working capital requirements. In March 2017, the Company was awarded a 3-year, $50 million purchase order by MTIX Ltd. (“MTIX”) to manufacture, install and service the Multiplex Laser Surface Enhancement (“MLSE”) plasma-laser system. Management believes that the MLSE purchase order will be a source of revenue and generate significant cash flows for the Company. Management believes that the Company has access to capital resources through potential public or private issuance of debt or equity securities. However, if the Company is unable to raise additional capital, it may be required to curtail operations and take additional measures to reduce costs, including reducing its workforce, eliminating outside consultants and reducing legal fees to conserve its cash in amounts sufficient to sustain operations and meet its obligations. These matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments that might become necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

3. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Regulation S-X and do not include all the information and disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The Company has made estimates and judgments affecting the amounts reported in our condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes.  The actual results experienced by the Company may differ materially from our estimates. The condensed consolidated financial information is unaudited but reflects all normal adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to provide a fair statement of results for the interim periods presented. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 17, 2018.  The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 was derived from the Company’s audited 2017 financial statements contained in the above referenced Form 10-K.  Results of the three months ended March 31, 2018, are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year ending December 31, 2018.
 
6

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
Principles of Consolidation

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of DPW, its wholly-owned subsidiaries, DP Limited, Coolisys, Power-Plus SC Mining and DP Lending and its majority-owned subsidiary, Microphase. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Accounting Estimates

The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with U.S. GAAP, requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions. The Company's management believes that the estimates, judgments and assumptions used are reasonable based upon information available at the time they are made. These estimates, judgments and assumptions can affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Key estimates include acquisition accounting, fair value of certain financial instruments, reserve for trade receivables and inventories, carrying amounts of investments, fair value of digital currencies, accruals of certain liabilities including product warranties, and deferred income taxes and related valuation allowance.

Revenue Recognition
 
The Company recognizes revenue under ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.  The core principle of the new revenue standard is that a company should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The following five steps are applied to achieve that core principle:

·
Step 1: Identify the contract with the customer
·
Step 2: Identify the performance obligations in the contract
·
Step 3: Determine the transaction price
·
Step 4: Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract
·
Step 5: Recognize revenue when the company satisfies a performance obligation

   
Three Months ended March 31, 2018
 
   
DPC
   
DPL
   
SC Mining
   
Total
 
                         
Primary Geographical Markets
                       
North America
 
$
4,505
   
$
5
   
$
237
   
$
4,747
 
Europe
   
     
267
     
     
267
 
Other
   
128
     
54
     
     
182
 
   
$
4,633
   
$
326
   
$
237
   
$
5,196
 
                                 
Major Goods
                               
RF/Microwave Filters
 
$
1,232
   
$
   
$
   
$
1,232
 
Detector logarithmic video amplifiers
   
58
     
     
     
58
 
Power Supply Units
   
1,550
     
     
     
1,550
 
Power Supply Systems
   
     
326
     
     
326
 
Digital Currency Mining
   
     
     
237
     
237
 
MLSE Systems
   
1,793
     
     
     
1,793
 
 
 
$
4,633
   
$
326
   
$
237
   
$
5,196
 
                                 
Timing of Revenue Recognition
                               
Goods transferred at a point in time
 
$
2,840
   
$
326
   
$
237
   
$
3,403
 
Services transferred over time
   
1,793
     
     
     
1,793
 
 
 
$
4,633
   
$
326
   
$
237
   
$
5,196
 
 
7

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
Sales of Products

The Company generates revenues from the sale of its products through a direct and indirect sales force. The Company’s performance obligations to deliver products are satisfied at the point in time when products are received by the customer, which is when the customer has title and the significant risks and rewards of ownership. The Company provides standard assurance warranties that the products function as intended. The Company primarily receives fixed consideration for sales of product.  Some of the Company’s contracts with distributors include stock rotation rights after six months for slow moving inventory, which represents variable consideration. The Company uses an expected value method to estimate variable consideration and constrains revenue for estimated stock rotations until it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur. To date, returns have not been material. The Company’s customers generally pay within 30 days from the receipt of a valid invoice.
 
Because the Company’s product sales agreements have an expected duration of one year or less, the Company has elected the practical expedient in ASC 606-10-50-14(a) to not disclose information about its remaining performance obligations.

Manufacturing Services

The Company provides manufacturing services in exchange for fixed fees. The Company’s performance obligation for manufacturing services is satisfied over time as the Company creates or enhances an asset that the customer controls as the asset is created or enhanced. The Company recognizes revenue over time using a cost to cost method which measures progress based on the costs incurred to total expected costs in satisfying its performance obligation. This method provides a faithful depiction of the progress in providing the manufacturing service because there is a direct relationship between the costs incurred by the Company and the transfer of the manufacturing service to the customer.

The period between when the Company transfers its promised good or service to the customer and when the customer pays is one year or less. Therefore, the Company has elected the practical expedient to not adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component.

The aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to the performance obligation that is partially unsatisfied as of March 31, 2018 was $50,457. The Company expects to recognize the remaining revenue related to the partially unsatisfied performance obligation over the next two and a half years.  The Company will be paid in installments for this performance obligation over the next two and a half years.

Digital Currency Blockchain Mining

The Company derives its revenue by providing transaction verification services within the digital currency networks of cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash and Litecoin. The Company satisfies its performance obligation at the point in time that the transaction is verified within the applicable digital currency network, which is when the Company has the present right to payment and the customer has the benefit of the verification service. In consideration for these services, the Company receives digital currencies which are recorded as revenue, using the closing U. S. dollar price of the related cryptocurrency on the date of receipt. The coins are recorded on the balance sheet at their fair value and re–measured at each reporting date. Revaluation gains or losses, as well as gains or losses on sale of digital currencies are recorded as a component of operating expenses in the statement of operations. Expenses associated with running the cryptocurrency mining business, such as equipment deprecation and electricity cost are recorded as a component of cost of revenues.
 
8

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
There is currently no specific definitive guidance in U.S. GAAP or alternative accounting frameworks for the accounting for the production and mining of digital currencies. The Company has exercised significant judgement in determining appropriate accounting treatment for the recognition of revenue for mining of digital currencies. Management has examined various factors surrounding the substance of the Company's operations and the guidance in ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, including the transfer of control being the completion and addition of a block to a blockchain and the reliability of the measurement of the digital currency received. In the event authoritative guidance is enacted by the FASB, the Company may be required to change its policies which could result in a change in the Company's financial statements.

Property and Equipment, Net

Property and equipment as well as an intangible asset are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization. Repairs and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred. Depreciation and amortization are calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, at the following annual rates:

   
Useful lives (in years)
Cryptocurrency machines and related equipment
 
3 - 5
Computer, software and related equipment
 
3 - 5
Office furniture and equipment
 
5 - 10
Leasehold improvements
 
Over the term of the lease or the life of the asset, whichever is shorter.

Fair value of Financial Instruments

In accordance with ASC No. 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received for the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date.
 
The guidance also establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company’s assumptions about the factors that market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability. The guidance establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

Level 1:          Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2:          Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or model-derived valuations.  All significant inputs used in our valuations are observable or can be derived principally from or corroborated with observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs also include quoted prices that were adjusted for security-specific restrictions which are compared to output from internally developed models such as a discounted cash flow models.

Level 3: Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
 
9

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
The carrying amounts of financial instruments carried at cost, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivables and accounts and other receivable – related party, investments, notes receivable, trade payables and trade payables – related party approximate their fair value due to the short-term maturities of such instruments.

As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the fair value of the Company’s investments were $6,728 and $9,563, respectively, and were concentrated in equity securities of AVLP, a related party (See Note 9), which are classified as available-for-sale investments. At March 31, 2018, the Company's investment in AVLP included marketable equity securities of $539 and warrants to purchase 11,167,440 shares of AVLP common stock at an exercise price of $0.50 per share of common stock. At December 31, 2017, the Company's investment in AVLP included marketable equity securities of $826 and warrants to purchase 8,248,440 shares of AVLP common stock at an exercise price of $0.50 per share of common stock. For investments in marketable equity securities, the Company took into consideration general market conditions, the duration and extent to which the fair value is above cost, and the Company’s ability and intent to hold the investment for a sufficient period of time to allow for recovery of value in the foreseeable future. As a result of this analysis, the Company has determined that its investment in AVLP marketable equity securities are valued based upon the closing market price of common stock at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, which resulted in an unrealized gain of $164 and $550, respectively.
 
At March 31, 2018, the Company held shares of common stock in four companies and held certain cryptocurrencies that it had either purchased at the market or, in the case of the cryptocurrencies, received from mining for its own account, for a total cost of $2,149. In accordance with ASC No. 320-10, these investments are accounted for based upon the closing market prices of the respective common stock and cryptocurrency at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, resulting in an unrealized (loss) gain of ($45) and $133, respectively.

The categorization of a financial instrument within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The following table sets forth the Company’s financial instruments that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy:

   
Fair Value Measurement at March 31, 2018
 
   
Total
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
 
Investments in common stock and warrants of AVLP – a related party
 
$
4,624
   
$
539
   
$
   
$
4,085
 
Investments in digital currencies
 
$
166
   
$
166
   
$
   
$
 
Investments in marketable securities
 
$
1,938
   
$
1,938
   
$
   
$
 
Total Investments
 
$
6,728
   
$
2,643
   
$
   
$
4,085
 

   
Fair Value Measurement at December 31, 2017
 
   
Total
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
 
Investments in common stock and warrants of AVLP – a related party
 
$
7,728
   
$
826
   
$
   
$
6,902
 
Investments in marketable securities
 
$
1,835
   
$
1,835
   
$
   
$
 
Total Investments
 
$
9,563
   
$
2,661
   
$
   
$
6,902
 

We assess the inputs used to measure fair value using a three-tier hierarchy based on the extent to which inputs used in measuring fair value are observable in the market:
 
·
Level 1 – inputs include quoted prices for identical instruments and are the most observable.
·
Level 2 – inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and observable inputs such as interest rates, currency exchange rates and yield curves.
·
Level 3 – inputs are not observable in the market and include management’s judgments about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.
 
10

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
Net Loss per Share

Net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. The calculation of the basic and diluted earnings per share is the same for all periods presented, as the effect of the potential common stock equivalents is anti-dilutive due to the Company’s net loss position for all periods presented. The Company has included 317,460 warrants, with an exercise price of $.01, in its earnings per share calculation for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.  Anti-dilutive securities, which are convertible into the Company’s Class A common stock, consisted of the following at March 31,

   
2018
   
2017
 
Stock options
   
4,457,500
     
2,766,000
 
Warrants 1
   
6,157,402
     
2,122,142
 
Convertible notes
   
     
963,636
 
Conversion of preferred stock
   
1,677,123
     
357,143
 
Total
   
12,292,025
     
6,208,921
 

(1)
The Company has excluded the 317,460 warrants with an exercise price of $0.01 per share in its anti-dilutive securities.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), (“ASU 2014-09”). ASU 2014-09 supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in ASC 605 - Revenue Recognition (“ASC 605”) and most industry-specific guidance throughout ASC 605. The FASB has issued numerous updates that provide clarification on a number of specific issues as well as requiring additional disclosures. The core principle of ASC 606 requires that an entity recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

The Company adopted ASC 606 effective January 1, 2018 to all contracts using the modified retrospective approach. The adoption of ASU 2014-09 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations, equity or cash flows.

FASB, the Emerging Issues Task Force and the SEC have issued certain other accounting standards, updates, and regulations as of March 31, 2018 that will become effective in subsequent periods; however, management does not believe that any of those updates would have significantly affected our financial accounting measures or disclosures had they been in effect during 2018 or 2017, and it does not believe that any of those pronouncements will have a significant impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements at the time they become effective.

4. Digital Currencies

The following table presents additional information about digital currencies:

   
Digital
Currencies
 
Balance at January 1, 2018
 
$
 
Additions of digital currencies
   
237
 
Change in fair value of digital currencies
   
(71
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
 
$
166
 
 
11

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
As March 31, 2018, the Company’s digital currencies consisted of bitcoin, bitcoin cash, Litecoin and Ethereum with a fair value of $128, $10, $22 and $6, respectively. Digital currencies are recorded at their fair value on the date they are received as revenues and are revalued to their current fair value at each reporting date. Fair value is determined by taking the closing price from the most liquid exchanges.

5. Marketable Securities
 
Marketable securities in equity securities with readily determinable market prices consisted of the following as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017:
 

   
Available-for-sale securities at March 31, 2018
 
         
Gross unrealized
   
Gross realized
       
   
Cost
   
gains (losses)
   
gains (losses)
   
Fair value
 
Common shares
 
$
1,912
   
$
26
   
$
   
$
1,938
 
 

   
Available-for-sale securities at December 31, 2017
 
         
Gross unrealized
   
Gross realized
       
   
Cost
   
gains (losses)
   
gains (losses)
   
Fair value
 
Common shares
 
$
1,702
   
$
133
   
$
   
$
1,835
 


The following table presents additional information about marketable securities:

Balance at January 1, 2018
 
$
1,835
 
Purchases of marketable securities
   
657
 
Sales of marketable securities
   
(430
)
Realized losses on marketable securities
   
(42
)
Unrealized gains on marketable securities
   
(82
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
 
$
1,938
 

Available-for-sale Securities
 
At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had invested in the marketable securities of certain publicly traded companies. The Company’s investment in marketable securities included an investment in WSI Industries, Inc., with a fair value of $1,214 at March 31, 2018, or approximately 10.8% of the Company’s current assets. At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company recorded an unrealized gain of $26 and $133, respectively, representing the difference between the cost basis and the estimated fair value, as accumulated other comprehensive income in the stockholder's equity section of the Company’s consolidated balance sheet and as a change in unrealized gains and losses on marketable securities in the Company’s consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss). The Company’s investment in marketable securities shall be revalued on each balance sheet date.  The fair value of the Company’s holdings in marketable securities at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 is a Level 1 measurement based on quoted prices in an active market.
 
12

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
6. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET
 
At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, property and equipment consist of:

   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
Cryptocurrency machines and related equipment
 
$
7,443
   
$
 
Computer, software and related equipment
   
2,165
     
2,432
 
Office furniture and equipment
   
312
     
289
 
Buildings and improvements
   
305
     
 
Leasehold improvements
   
815
     
788
 
     
11,040
     
3,509
 
Accumulated depreciation and amortization
   
(2,450
)
   
(2,292
)
Property and equipment, net
 
$
8,590
   
$
1,217
 

For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, depreciation expense amounted to $115 and $33, respectively.

7. INTANGIBLE ASSETS, NET
 
At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 intangible assets consist of:

   
Intangible Assets
 
Balance as of December 31, 2016
 
$
 
Trade name and trademark
   
1,740
 
Customer list
   
988
 
Non-competition agreements
   
150
 
Domain name
   
81
 
Accumulated amortization
   
(61
)
Balance as of December 31, 2017
 
$
2,898
 
Trade name and trademark
   
3
 
Accumulated amortization
   
(33
)
Balance as of March 31, 2018
 
$
2,868
 

During 2017, the Company acquired the trade name and trademark of Microphase, that was determined to have an indefinite life, for $1,740. The remaining definite lived intangible assets are being amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. Amortization expense was $33 and nil for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

8. GOODWILL

The Company’s goodwill relates to the acquisitions of a controlling interest in Microphase and all of the outstanding membership interests in Power Plus on June 2, 2017 and September 1, 2017, respectively.  
 
13

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
9. INVESTMENTS – RELATED PARTIES

Investments in AVLP at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, are comprised of the following:

   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
Investment in convertible promissory note of AVLP
 
$
5,583
   
$
4,124
 
Investment in warrants of AVLP
   
4,085
     
6,902
 
Investment in common stock of AVLP
   
539
     
826
 
Accrued interest in convertible promissory note of AVLP
   
468
     
324
 
Total investment in AVLP – Gross
   
10,675
     
12,176
 
Less: original issue discount
   
(3,081
)
   
(2,115
)
Total investment in AVLP – Net
 
$
7,594
   
$
10,061
 

The following table summarizes the changes in our investments in AVLP during the three months ended March 31, 2018:

   
Investment in
   
Investment in
       
   
warrants and
   
convertible
   
Total
 
   
common stock
   
promissory
   
investment
 
   
of AVLP
   
note of AVLP
   
in AVLP – Net
 
Balance at January 1, 2018
 
$
7,728
   
$
2,333
   
$
10,061
 
Investment in convertible promissory notes of AVLP
   
     
3
     
3
 
Investment in common stock of AVLP
   
99
     
     
99
 
Fair value of warrants issued by AVLP
   
1,456
     
     
1,456
 
Unrealized gain in warrants of AVLP
   
(4,273
)
   
     
(4,273
)
Unrealized gain in common stock of AVLP
   
(386
)
   
     
(386
)
Accretion of discount
   
     
490
     
490
 
Accrued Interest
   
     
144
     
144
 
Balance at March 31, 2018
 
$
4,624
   
$
2,970
   
$
7,594
 

The Company has made a strategic decision to invest in AVLP, a related party controlled by Philou, an existing majority stockholder. The Company’s investments in AVLP primarily consist of convertible promissory notes, warrants and shares of common stock of AVLP.  On September 6, 2017, the Company and AVLP entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (“AVLP Loan Agreement”) with an effective date of August 21, 2017 pursuant to which the Company will provide Avalanche a non-revolving credit facility of up to $5,000 for a period ending on August 21, 2019, subject to the terms and conditions stated in the Loan Agreement, including that the Company having available funds to grant such credit. At March 31, 2018, the Company has provided loans to AVLP in the principal amount $5,584 and, in addition to the 12% convertible promissory notes, AVLP has issued to the Company warrants to purchase 11,167,440 shares of AVLP common stock. Under the terms of the AVLP Loan Agreement, any notes issued by AVLP are secured by the assets of AVLP.
 
14

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
The warrants entitle the Company to purchase up to 11,167,440 shares of AVLP common stock at an exercise price of $0.50 per share for a period of five years. The exercise price of $0.50 is subject to adjustment for customary stock splits, stock dividends, combinations or similar events. The warrant may be exercised for cash or on a cashless basis. At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company recorded an unrealized gain on its investment in warrants of AVLP of $240 and $4,513, respectively, representing the difference between the cost basis and the estimated fair value of the warrants net of tax, in the Company’s accumulated other comprehensive income in the stockholder's equity section of the Company’s consolidated balance sheet and as a change in net unrealized gains on securities available-for-sale in the Company’s consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company’s investment in warrants and common stock of AVLP represented $4,659 of the Company’s aggregate $4,741 in net unrealized loss on securities available-for-sale. The Company’s investment in Avalanche will be revalued on each balance sheet date. The fair value of the Company’s holdings in the Avalanche warrants was estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing method. The risk-free rate, which ranged between 2.18% and 2.27%, was derived from the U.S. Treasury yield curve, matching the term of our investment, in effect at the measurement date. The volatility factor of 82.4% was determined based on historical stock prices for similar technology companies with market capitalizations under $100 million. The warrant valuation is a Level 3 measurement.

In accordance with ASC No. 310, Receivables (“ASC 310”), the Company accounts for its convertible promissory notes in AVLP at amortized cost, which represents the amount at which the convertible promissory notes were acquired, adjusted for accrued interest and accretion of original issue discount and discount attributed to the fair value of the 11,167,440 warrants that the Company received in conjunction with its investment.  Interest is accreted using the effective interest method. The Company records interest on an accrual basis and recognizes it as earned in accordance with the contractual terms of the convertible promissory notes, to the extent that such amounts are expected to be collected. The original issue discount of $165 on the New Note and the discount attributed to the fair value of the warrants of $3,845 is being amortized as interest income through the maturity date. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded $490 and $7, respectively, of interest income for the discount accretion. As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company recorded contractual interest receivable attributed to the AVLP Notes and AVLP Loan Agreement of $468 and 324, respectively.

The Company evaluated the collectability of both interest and principal for the convertible promissory notes in AVLP to determine whether there was an impairment. Based on current information and events, the Company determined that it is probable that it will be able to collect amounts due according to the existing contractual terms. Impairment assessments require significant judgments and are based on significant assumptions related to the borrower’s credit risk, financial performance, expected sales, and estimated fair value of the collateral.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company also acquired in the open market 78,200 shares of AVLP common stock for $99 and 221,333 shares of AVLP common stock for $192, respectively. At March 31, 2018, the closing market price of AVLP’s common stock was $0.98, a decline from $1.75 at December 31, 2017. The Company has determined that its investment in AVLP marketable equity securities are accounted for pursuant to the fair value method and based upon the closing market price of common stock at March 31, 2018, the Company has recognized an unrealized gain of $164.

10. INVESTMENTS IN PREFERRED STOCK OF PRIVATE COMPANY AND OTHER INVESTMENTS
 
We hold a portfolio of investments in equity and debt securities in other entities that are accounted for under the cost method.

Investment in Preferred Stock of Private Company

On December 15, 2017, the Company and Sandstone Diagnostics, Inc. (“Sandstone”) entered into a Series A1 Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement (“Loan Agreement”) pursuant to which the Company purchased 976,286 shares of Sandstone’s Series A1 Preferred Shares for $1,000. Sandstone is a medical device company focused on a data-driven approach to men’s reproductive health. Founded in 2012 in part by government scientists from Sandia National Laboratories, Sandstone’s mission is to provide innovative, data-driven tools to help men assess, manage, and improve their reproductive health. The funding from the Series A1 Preferred Stock financing will support sales growth and continued product development leveraging the company’s unique technology platform, Sandstone’s Trak™ Male Fertility Testing System.
 
15

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
The Company elected to follow the guidance of ASC No. 321, Equity Securities (“ASC 321”), which provides a measurement alternative to the requirement to carry equity interests at fair value in accordance with ASC 820, Fair value measurement, for certain equity interests without readily determinable fair values. Equity interests measured in accordance with the measurement alternative in ASC 321 are not required to be included within the fair value hierarchy. The Company’s equity investment in Sandstone is recorded at cost. However, any change to the carrying amount will be subsequently adjusted up or down for observable price changes (i.e., prices in orderly transactions for the identical investment or similar investment of the same issuer) and any adjustments to the carrying amount shall be recorded in net income.

Other Investments

On November 1, 2017, the Company and I. AM, Inc. (“I. AM”) entered into a Loan and Security Agreement pursuant to which the Company provided I.AM a non-revolving credit facility of up to $1,600 for a period ending on September 25, 2022. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had provided loans of $1,313 to I. AM which accrue interest at a rate of 6.0% on the outstanding daily balance. The Loan Agreement is secured by the assets of I.AM’s membership interests in three restaurant LLCs. The Company has provided additional loans of $698 to various entities. These additional loans and the Company’s investment in I. AM are carried at amortized cost.

11. OTHER INVESTMENTS, RELATED PARTIES

The Company’s other related party investments primarily consist of two investments.

MTIX, Ltd.

On December 5, 2017, the Company entered into an exchange agreement with WT Johnson pursuant to which the Company issued to WT Johnson two convertible promissory notes in the principal amount of $600 (“Note A”) and $1,668 (“Note B”), in exchange for cancellation of amounts due to WT Johnson by MTIX Ltd., a related party of the Company.
 
During December 2017, the Company issued 600,000 shares of its common stock to WT Johnson & Sons upon the conversion of Note A and WT Johnson subsequently sold the 600,000 shares. The proceeds from the sale of Note A were sufficient to satisfy the entire $2,268 obligation as well as an additional $400 of value added tax due to WT Johnson. Concurrent with entering into the exchange agreement, the Company received a promissory note in the amount of $2,668 from MTIX and cancelled Note B. At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company has valued the note receivable at $600, the carrying amount of Note A. The Company will recognize the remainder of the amount due from MTIX upon payment of the promissory note by MTIX.

Israeli Property

During the year ended December 31, 2017, our President, Amos Kohn, purchased certain real property that serves as a facility for the Company’s business operations in Israel. The Company made $300 of payments to the seller of the property and received a 28% undivided interest in the real property (“Property’). The Company’s subsidiary, Coolisys, entered into a Trust Agreement and Tenancy In Common Agreement with Roni Kohn, who owns a 72% interest in the Property, is the daughter of Mr. Kohn and is an Israeli citizen. The Property was purchased to serve as a residence/office facility for the Company in order to oversee its European operations and to expand its business in the hi-tech industry located in Israel. Pursuant to the Trust Agreement, Ms. Kohn will hold and manage Coolisys’ undivided 28% interest in the Property. The trust will be in effect until it is terminated by mutual agreement of the parties. During the term of the trust, Ms. Kohn will not sell, lease, sublease, transfer, grant, encumber, change or effect any other disposition with respect to the Property or the Coolisys’ interest without the Company’s approval.
 
16

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
Under the Tenancy In Common Agreement, Coolisys and its executive officers shall have the exclusive rights to use the Property for the Company and its affiliates’ business operations. The Property shall be managed by the Ms. Kohn. Further, pursuant to the Tenancy In Common Agreement, for each completed calendar month of employment of Mr. Kohn by the Company, Ms. Kohn shall have the right to purchase a portion of the Company’s interest in the Property. Such right shall fully vest at the end of five years of continuous employment and the Trustee shall have the right to purchase the Company’s 28% interest in the Property for a nominal value. The Company will amortize its $300,000 investment over ten years, subject to a cliff vesting after five years. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized $7 and nil, respectively, in amortization expense. In the event that Mr. Kohn is not employed by the Company, the Company shall have the right to demand that Ms. Kohn purchase the Company’s remaining interest in the Property that was not subject to vesting for the fair market value of such unvested Property interest.
 
Other investments and interest receivable

During the year ended December 31, 2017, DP Lending made loans to Alzamend Neuro, Inc. (“Alzamend”), in the amount of $44, these loans were repaid during the three months ended March 31, 2018. AVLP is a party to a management services agreement pursuant to which Avalanche provides management, consulting and financial services to Alzamend. As additional consideration, the Company received a warrant to purchase 22,000 shares of Alzamend’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.30 per share of common stock. The warrants were determined to have a deminimis value. Finally, the Company has accrued interest of $8 from its lending activities.

12. ACQUISITIONS

Microphase Corporation and Power-Plus Technical Distributors

The following pro forma data summarizes the results of operations for the period indicated as if the Microphase and Power-Plus acquisitions, which closed on June 2, 2017 and September 1, 2017, respectively, had been completed as of the beginning of each period presented. The pro forma data gives effect to actual operating results prior to the acquisition. These pro forma amounts do not purport to be indicative of the results that would have actually been obtained if the acquisition occurred as of the beginning of each period presented or that may be obtained in future periods:

   
For the Three
 
   
Months Ended
 
   
March 31, 2017
 
Total Revenue
 
$
3,329
 
Net loss
 
$
(2,118
)
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest
   
505
 
Net loss attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(1,613
)
Basic and diluted net loss per common share
 
$
(0.16
)
Basic and diluted weighted average common shares outstanding
   
10,225,161
 
Comprehensive Loss
       
Loss available to common shareholders
 
$
(1,613
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
       
Change in net foreign currency translation adjustments
   
21
 
Net unrealized gain (loss) on securities available-for-sale,
       
net of income taxes
   
130
 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
   
151
 
Total Comprehensive loss
 
$
(1,462
)
 
17

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
Enertec Systems 2001 Ltd.

On December 31, 2017, CooliSys entered into a share purchase agreement with Micronet Enertec Technologies, Inc. (“MICT”), a Delaware corporation, Enertec Management Ltd., an Israeli corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of MICT (“EML” and, together with MICT, the “Seller Parties”), and Enertec Systems 2001 Ltd. (“Enertec”), an Israeli corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of EML, pursuant to which Coolisys shall acquire Enertec, subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Agreement (the “Acquisition”). Enertec is Israel’s largest private manufacturer of specialized electronic systems for the military market.

The purchase price shall be $5,250, as adjusted for any closing debt surplus or deficit (the “Purchase Price”). If Enertec’s outstanding debt owed to certain creditors (the “Bank Debt”) at the closing shall be less than $4,000, then the Purchase Price shall be increased by the difference between $4,000 and such lower Bank Debt. If Enertec’s outstanding Bank Debt at the closing shall be greater than $4,000, then the Purchase Price shall be reduced by the difference between $4,000 and the higher Bank Debt. Consummation of the Acquisition is subject to customary closing conditions.

Either party may terminate the Agreement if the Acquisition has not been consummated within the later of 60 days following signing or 15 days following the Seller Parties’ delivery to Coolisys of Enertec’s audited financial statements for the year ending December 31, 2017 (the “End Date”), provided however, that the End Date shall be extended by an additional 30 days if Enertec’s Bank Debt is accelerated as a result of the Agreement and such accelerated Bank Debt is greater than $2,000.  Coolisys shall be required to pay the Seller Parties a termination fee of $300 in the event that Coolisys fails to consummate the Acquisition by the End Date following satisfaction of all of its closing conditions, or upon termination by the Seller Parties due to Coolisys’s breach of its representations and warranties that have not been cured for 15 days.

13. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
 
Under the Company's 2017 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2017” Plan), 2016 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”) and the 2012 Stock Option Plan, as amended (the “2012 Plan”) (collectively, the “Plans”), options may be granted to employees, officers, consultants, service providers and directors of the Company. The Plans, as amended, provide for the issuance of a maximum of 7,372,630 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company also has 206,000 outstanding options that were granted between 2009 and 2011 pursuant to the terms of the Company's 2002 Stock Option Plan (the “2002 Plan”). Options granted pursuant to the 2002 Plan expire between September 2008 and February 2021.

Options granted under the Plans have an exercise price equal to or greater than the fair value of the underlying common stock at the date of grant and become exercisable based on a vesting schedule determined at the date of grant. Typically, options granted generally become fully vested after four years. Any options that are forfeited or cancelled before expiration become available for future grants. The options expire between 5 and 10 years from the date of grant.  Restricted stock awards granted under the Plans are subject to a vesting period determined at the date of grant. As of March 31, 2018, an aggregate of 1,355,773 of the Company's options are still available for future grant.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company did not grant any options from the Plans; however, the Company did grant options outside of the Plans. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company granted 510,000 options from the Plans to its employees at an average exercise price of $0.60 per share. These options become fully vested after four years. The Company estimated that the grant date fair value of options granted utilizing the Black-Scholes option pricing model during the three months ended March 31, 2017 was $229, which is being recognized as stock-based compensation expense over the requisite four-year service period. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company also issued 1,283,059 and nil, respectively, shares of common stock to its consultants and service providers pursuant to the 2017 Plan. The Company estimated that the grant date fair value of these shares of common stock was $2,457, which was determined from the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance.
 
18

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
The Company has valued the options at their date of grant utilizing the Black-Scholes option pricing model.  This model is dependent upon several variables such as the options’ term, exercise price, current stock price, risk-free interest rate estimated over the expected term and estimated volatility of our stock over the expected term of the options. The risk-free interest rate used in the calculations is based on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury issues with an equivalent term approximating the expected life of the options as calculated using the simplified method. The estimated volatility was determined based on the historical volatility of our common stock.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company estimated the fair value of stock options granted using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions:
   
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31, 2018
   
March 31, 2017
 
Weighted average risk-free interest rate
   
2.41% — 2.43
%
   
1.89% — 2.14
%
Weighted average life (in years)
   
5.0
     
5.0
 
Volatility
   
124.7
%
   
98.4% — 98.5
%
Expected dividend yield
   
0
%
   
0
%
Weighted average grant-date fair value per share of
options granted
 
$
1.91
   
$
0.45
 


The options outstanding as of March 31, 2018, have been classified by exercise price, as follows:

Outstanding
   
Exercisable
 
         
Weighted
                   
         
Average
   
Weighted
         
Weighted
 
         
Remaining
   
Average
         
Average
 
Exercise
 
Number
   
Contractual
   
Exercise
   
Number
   
Exercise
 
Price
 
Outstanding
   
Life (Years)
   
Price
   
Exercisable
   
Price
 
$0.57 - $0.79
   
2,350,000
     
8.64
   
$
0.66
     
1,749,999
   
$
0.67
 
$1.32 - $1.38
   
170,000
     
9.28
   
$
1.37
     
65,000
   
$
1.37
 
$1.51 - $1.69
   
62,500
     
4.46
   
$
1.64
     
55,000
   
$
1.63
 
$0.57 - 1.69
   
2,582,500
     
8.58
   
$
0.73
     
1,869,999
   
$
0.72
 
                                         
Issuances outside of Plans
 
$1.38 - $2.32
   
1,875,000
     
9.73
   
$
1.77
     
252,084
   
$
1.56
 
                                         
Total Options
 
$0.57 - 2.32
   
4,457,500
     
9.07
   
$
1.17
     
2,122,083
   
$
0.82
 
 
19

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
The total stock-based compensation expense related to stock options and stock awards issued pursuant to the Plans to the Company’s employees, consultants and directors, included in reported net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, is comprised as follows:

   
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
March 31, 2018
   
March 31, 2017
 
Cost of revenues
 
$
5
   
$
1
 
Engineering and product development
   
14
     
7
 
Selling and marketing
   
12
     
5
 
General and administrative
   
664
     
111
 
Stock-based compensation from Plans
 
$
695
   
$
124
 
Stock-based compensation from issuances outside of Plans
   
743
     
 
Total Stock-based compensation
 
$
1,438
   
$
124
 

The combination of stock-based compensation of $695 from the issuances of equity-based awards pursuant to the Plans and stock-based compensation attributed to stock awards of $576 and warrants and options of $167, which were issued outside of the Plans, resulted in aggregate stock-based compensation of $1,438 during the three months ended March 31, 2018. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company issued 775,000 options to purchase shares of common stock at $2.32 per share to a director and officer. These shares were issued outside of the Plans and are subject to shareholder approval. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the only stock-based compensation expense was from issuances pursuant to the Plans.

A summary of option activity under the Company's stock option plans as of March 31, 2018, and changes during the three months ended are as follows:

         
Outstanding Options
 
                     
Weighted
       
               
Weighted
   
Average
       
   
Shares
         
Average
   
Remaining
   
Aggregate
 
   
Available
   
Number
   
Exercise
   
Contractual
   
Intrinsic
 
   
for Grant
   
of Shares
   
Price
   
Life (years)
   
Value
 
January 1, 2018
   
2,538,832
     
2,742,500
   
$
0.77
     
8.80
   
$
6,688
 
Restricted stock awards
   
(1,283,059
)
   
                         
Forfeited
   
100,000
     
(100,000
)
 
$
1.38
                 
Exercised
   
     
(60,000
)
 
$
1.63
                 
March 31, 2018
   
1,355,773
     
2,582,500
   
$
0.73
     
8.58
   
$
336
 

The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total intrinsic value (the difference between the Company's closing stock price on March 31, 2018, $0.80 and the exercise price, multiplied by the number of in-the-money-options).
 
As of March 31, 2018, there was $542 of unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock-based compensation arrangements granted under the Plans. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.9 years.
 
14. WARRANTS 
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company issued a total of 2,450,000 warrants at an average exercise price of $1.16 per share.
 
(i)
On January 23, 2018, the Company issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 625,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price equal to $2.20 per share of common stock in connection with the issuance of a 10% senior convertible promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $1,250 (See Note 18c).
 
(ii)
On January 25, 2018, the Company entered into three agreements for the Purchase and Sale of Future Receipt, pursuant to which the Company sold up to (i) $562 of the Company’s future receipts for a purchase price of $375, (ii) $337 in future receipts for a purchase price of $225 and (iii) $118 in future receipts for a purchase price of $100. Under the terms of these agreements, the Company issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 112,500 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.25 per share of common stock and warrants to purchase 162,500 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.50 per share of common stock (See Note 15).
 
20

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
(iii)
On March 22, 2018, the Company issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 1,250,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price equal to $1.15 per share of common stock in connection with the issuance of a promissory note in the principal amount of $1,750,000 with a term of two months, subject to the Company’s ability to prepay within one month (See Note 16a).
 
(iv)
On March 23, 2018, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement to sell and issue a 12% promissory note in the principal amount of $1,000 and a warrant to purchase 300,000 shares of common stock to an accredited investor if the promissory note is paid in full on or before May 23, 2018, or up to 450,000 shares of common stock, if the promissory note is paid by June 22, 2018 (See Note 16b).
 
The following table summarizes information about common stock warrants outstanding at March 31, 2018:

Outstanding
   
Exercisable
 
         
Weighted
                   
         
Average
   
Weighted
         
Weighted
 
         
Remaining
   
Average
         
Average
 
Exercise
 
Number
   
Contractual
   
Exercise
   
Number
   
Exercise
 
Price
 
Outstanding
   
Life (Years)
   
Price
   
Exercisable
   
Price
 
$0.01
   
317,460
     
8.59
   
$
0.01
     
238,092
   
$
0.01
 
$0.55
   
283,636
     
4.61
   
$
0.55
     
283,636
   
$
0.55
 
$0.66
   
148,133
     
4.59
   
$
0.66
     
0
   
$
0.66
 
$0.70
   
1,768,572
     
4.53
   
$
0.70
     
1,768,572
   
$
0.70
 
$0.75
   
135,909
     
4.13
   
$
0.75
     
135,909
   
$
0.75
 
$0.80
   
481,666
     
2.45
   
$
0.80
     
481,666
   
$
0.80
 
$1.00
   
130,000
     
4.20
   
$
1.00
     
130,000
   
$
1.00
 
$1.10
   
759,486
     
3.43
   
$
1.10
     
759,486
   
$
1.10
 
$1.15
   
1,550,000
     
4.98
   
$
1.15
     
1,550,000
   
$
1.15
 
$2.20
   
625,000
     
4.82
   
$
2.20
     
625,000
   
$
2.20
 
$2.25
   
112,500
     
4.82
   
$
2.25
     
112,500
   
$
2.25
 
$2.50
   
162,500
     
4.82
   
$
2.50
     
162,500
   
$
2.50
 
$0.01 - 2.50
   
6,474,862
     
4.58
   
$
1.04
     
6,247,361
   
$
1.07
 

The Company has valued the warrants at their date of grant utilizing the Black-Scholes option pricing model.  This model is dependent upon several variables such as the warrants’ term, exercise price, current stock price, risk-free interest rate and estimated volatility of our stock over the contractual term of the warrants. The risk-free interest rate used in the calculations is based on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury issues with an equivalent term approximating the contractual life of the warrants.

The Company utilized the Black-Scholes option pricing model and the assumptions used during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017:
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
Weighted average risk-free interest rate
   
2.41% — 2.61
%
   
1.86% — 2.01
%
Weighted average life (in years)
   
4.0
     
5.3
 
Volatility
   
124.8% — 138.4
%
   
98.5% — 104.6
%
Expected dividend yield
   
0
%
   
0
%
Weighted average grant-date fair value per
share of warrants granted
 
$
1.16
   
$
0.55
 
 
21

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
15. ADVANCES ON FUTURE RECEIPTS

During the second half of 2017, the Company received funding as a result of entering into multiple Agreements for the Purchase and Sale of Future Receipts pursuant to which the Company sold in the aggregate $4,068 in future receipts of the Company for $2,889. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had repaid $1,526. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company entered into a total of nine additional Agreements for the Purchase and Sale of Future Receipts (collectively, the “Agreements on Future Receipts”) pursuant to which the Company sold up to $5,632 in “future receipts” for a purchase price in the amount of $4,100. The term “future receipts” means cash, check, ACH, credit card, debit card, bank card, charge card or other form of monetary payment. The Agreements on Future Receipts have been personally guaranteed by the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and in one instance has also been guaranteed by Philou Ventures, LLC (“Philou”).

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded a discount in the amount of $1,651 based upon the difference between the amount of future receipts sold and the actual proceeds received by the Company. Under the terms of these agreements, the Company also issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 112,500 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.25 per share of common stock and warrants to purchase 162,500 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.50 per share of common stock. The Company recorded an additional discount of $258 based on the estimated fair value of these warrants. The Company computed the fair value of these warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. These discounts are reflected as a reduction on the outstanding liability and is being amortized as non-cash interest expense over the term of the agreement. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, non-cash interest expense of $996 and nil, respectively, was recorded from the amortization of debt discounts.

16.  NOTES PAYABLE

Notes Payable at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, are comprised of the following.

   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
Plankton Note (a)
 
$
2,100
   
$
 
12% short-term promissory note (b)
   
1,000
     
 
Other short-term notes payable (c)
   
920
     
 
Notes payable to Wells Fargo (d)
   
303
     
300
 
Note payable to Dept. of Economic and Community Development (e)
   
285
     
292
 
Power-Plus Credit Facilities (f)
   
     
171
 
Note payable to Power-Plus Member (g)
   
98
     
130
 
Note payable to People's United Bank (h)
   
20
     
19
 
10% short-term promissory notes (i)
   
     
15
 
Total notes payable
   
4,726
     
927
 
Less:
               
Unamortized debt discounts
   
(1,014
)
   
 
Unamortized financing cost
   
(32
)
   
 
Total notes payable, net of financing cost
 
$
3,680
   
$
927
 
Less: current portion
   
3,160
 
   
402
 
Notes payable – long-term portion
 
$
520
   
$
525
 
 
22

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
(a)
On February 20, 2018, the Company issued a promissory note in the principal face amount of $900 to an accredited investor. This promissory note included an original issue discount (“OID”) of $150 resulting in net proceeds of $750. The principal and OID on this note was due and payable on March 22, 2018. On March 23, 2018, we entered into a new promissory note in the principal amount of $2,100 for a term of two months, subject to our ability to prepay within one month. The new promissory note included an OID of $350 if paid within one month and $700 if paid within two months, resulting in net proceeds of $1,750. The Company also issued to the lender a warrant to purchase 1,250,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.15 per share. The principal amount of the new promissory note consisted of cash of $1,000 and the cancellation of principal of $750 from the February 20, 2018 promissory note. The interest on the February 20, 2018 note in the amount of $150 was paid to the lender prior to entering into the new promissory note. The warrants are exercisable commencing on issuance date for a term of three years. The exercise price of these warrants is subject to adjustment for customary stock splits, stock dividends, combinations and other standard anti-dilution events. The warrants may be exercised for cash or on a cashless basis. During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded debt discount in the amount of $604 based on the estimated fair value of these warrants. The Company computed the fair value of these warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The debt discount is being amortized as non-cash interest expense over the term of the debt. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, non-cash interest expense of $156 was recorded from the amortization of debt discount and interest expense of $90 was recorded from the amortization of the OID on the new promissory note. On April 23, 2018, the Company paid the entire outstanding principal on the new promissory note of $2,100. The new promissory note had been guaranteed by our Chief Executive Officer and had also been guaranteed by Philou.
 
(b)
On March 23, 2018, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement to sell and issue a 12% promissory note and a warrant to purchase 300,000 shares of common stock to an accredited investor if the promissory note is paid in full on or before May 23, 2018, or up to 450,000 shares of common stock, if the promissory note is paid by June 22, 2018. The promissory note was issued with a 10% OID. The promissory note is in the principal amount of $1,000 and was sold for $900, bears interest at 12% simple interest, and is due on June 22, 2018. Interest only payments are due, in arrears, on a monthly basis commencing on April 23, 2018. The exercise price of the warrant is $1.15 per share. During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded debt discount in the amount of $202 based on the estimated fair value of these warrants. The Company computed the fair value of these warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The debt discount is being amortized as non-cash interest expense over the term of the debt. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, non-cash interest expense of $26 was recorded from the amortization of debt discount and interest expense of $13 was recorded from the amortization of the OID on the 12% promissory note. The 12% promissory note is unsecured by any of the Company’s assets but is guaranteed by our Chief Executive Officer.
 
(c)
During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the Company entered into three short-term promissory notes:
 
(i)
On February 7, 2018, we issued demand promissory notes in the aggregate principal face amount of $440 to accredited investors. These promissory notes included an aggregate OID of $40 resulting in net proceeds to the Company of $400. The principal and OID on these notes is due and payable on demand after April 24, 2018. These loans were paid on April 27, 2018. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recognized $26 from the amortization of OID on these demand promissory notes.
 
(ii)
On February 26, 2018, the Company issued a 10% promissory note in the principal amount of $330 to an accredited investor. This promissory note included an OID of $30 resulting in net proceeds to us of $300. The principal and accrued interest on this note was due and payable on April 12, 2018, subject to a 30-day extension available to the Company. This 10% promissory note was paid on April 27, 2018. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recognized $25 from interest and the amortization of OID on this 10% promissory note.
 
23

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
(iii)
On March 27, 2018, the Company issued a 10% promissory note in the principal amount of $200 to an accredited investor. The principal and accrued interest on this note was due and payable on March 29, 2018. On March 29, 2018 and April 24, 2018, the Company paid $50 and $150, respectively, on this 10% promissory note of $200,000.
 
(d)
At March 31, 2018, Microphase had guaranteed the repayment of two equity lines of credit in the aggregate amount of $300 with Wells Fargo Bank, NA (“Wells Fargo”) (collectively, the “Wells Fargo Notes”). These loans originated prior to the Company’s acquisition of Microphase and Microphase was the recipient of the actual proceeds from the loans. Microphase had previously guaranteed the payment under the first Wells Fargo equity line during 2008, the proceeds of which Microphase had received from a concurrent loan from Edson Realty Inc., a related party owned real estate holding company. As of March 31, 2018, the first line of credit, which is secured by residential real estate owned by a former officer, had an outstanding balance of $215, with an annual interest rate of 4.00%. Microphase had guaranteed the payment under the second Wells Fargo equity line in 2014. Microphase had received working capital loans from the former CEO from funds that were drawn against the second Wells Fargo equity line. As of March 31, 2018, the second line of credit, secured by the former CEO’s principal residence, had an outstanding balance of $88, with an annual interest rate of 3.00%. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, Microphase incurred $9 of interest on the Wells Fargo Notes.
 
(e)
In August 2016, Microphase received a $300 loan, of which $15 has been repaid, pursuant to the State of Connecticut Small Business Express Job Creation Incentive Program which is administered through the Department of Economic and Community Development (“DECD”) (the “DECD Note”). The DECD Note bears interest at a rate of 3% per annum and is due in August 2026. Payment of principal and interest was deferred during the initial year and commencing in September 2017, payable in equal monthly installments over the remaining term. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, Microphase incurred $2 of interest on the DECD Note. In conjunction with the DECD Note, Microphase was awarded and received a Small Business Express Matching Grant of $100 by the State of Connecticut. State grant funding requires Microphase to spend an equal amount of cash on eligible expense. The Company has utilized $18 of the grant and the balance of $82 is reported within deferred revenue and classified in accounts payable and accrued in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2018.
 
(f)
At December 31, 2017, Power-Plus had guaranteed the repayment of two lines of credit in the aggregate amount of $169 with Bank of America NA (“B of A”) and Wells Fargo (collectively, the “Power-Plus Lines”). During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Power-Plus Lines had been paid.

(g)
Pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement with Power-Plus, the Company entered into a two-year promissory note in the amount of $255 payable to the former owner as part of the purchase consideration. The $255 note is payable in 24 equal monthly installments. On October 18, 2017, for cancellation of debt, the Company entered into a subscription agreement with the former owner under which the Company sold 138,806 shares of common stock at $0.67 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $93. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company paid $32 in principal payments.

(h)
In December 2016, Microphase utilized a $20 overdraft credit line at People’s United Bank with an annual interest rate of 15%. As of March 31, 2018, the balance of that overdraft credit line was $20.
 
24

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
(i)
In December 2016, Microphase issued $705 in 10% short-term promissory notes to nineteen accredited investors which, after deducting $71 of placement fees to its selling agent, Spartan Capital Securities, LLC (“Spartan”), resulted in $634 in net proceeds to Microphase (the “10% Short-Term Notes”). The 10% Short-Term Notes were due one year from the date of issuance. The amount due pursuant to the 10% Short-Term Notes is equal to the entire original principal amount multiplied by 125% (the “Loan Premium”) plus accrued interest. On December 5, 2017, in exchange for the cancellation of $690 of outstanding principal and $250 of accrued interest owed to the investors by Microphase Corporation, the Company entered into an Exchange Agreement pursuant to which the Company issued an aggregate of 1,523,852 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 380,466 shares of common stock with an exercise price of $1.10 per share of common stock. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company paid the remaining balance of principal and accrued interest of $15 and $6, respectively.
 
(j)
On January 25, 2018, the Company issued two 5% promissory notes, each in the principal face amount of $2,500, for an aggregate debt of $5,000 to two institutional investors.  The entire unpaid balance of the principal and accrued interest on each of the 5% promissory notes was due and payable on February 23, 2018, subject to a 30-day extension available to the Company. The proceeds from these two 5% promissory notes were used to purchase 1,000 Antminer S9s (“Miners”) manufactured by Bitmain Technologies, Inc. in connection with our crypto mining operations. Between March 23 and March 27, 2018, the Company paid the entire outstanding principal and accrued interest on the 5% promissory notes of $5,101,127.
 
17. NOTES PAYABLE – RELATED PARTIES

Notes Payable – Related parties at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, are comprised of the following:

   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
Notes payable to former officer and employee
 
$
308
   
$
309
 
Total notes payable
   
308
     
309
 
Less: current portion
   
(162
)
   
(134
)
Notes payable – long-term portion
 
$
146
   
$
175
 

Microphase is a party to several notes payable agreements with seven of its past officers, employees and their family members. As of March 31, 2018, the aggregate outstanding balance pursuant to these notes payable agreements, inclusive of $50 of accrued interest, was $359, with annual interest rates ranging between 3.00% and 6.00%. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, Microphase incurred $3 of interest on these notes payable agreements. In July 2016, one of these noteholders initiated litigation to collect the balance owed under the terms of his respective agreement. In October 2017, Microphase and the noteholder entered into a settlement agreement whereby Microphase agreed to pay the outstanding principal and interest of $122 and $43, respectively, by issuing to the noteholder 95,834 shares of Microphase common stock valued at $115 and paying $25 in cash. The value of the Microphase common stock was derived from the Company’s recent acquisition of a majority interest in Microphase. Further, the parties agreed a final $25 would be paid within 18 months of the settlement agreement or Microphase would be required to pay the noteholder an additional $25.

18. CONVERTIBLE NOTES

At March 31, 2018 the Company did not have any Convertible Notes whereas at December 31, 2017, Convertible notes are comprised of the following:
   
2017
 
5% Convertible Note (a)
 
$
550
 
12% Convertible Note (b)
   
202
 
Total convertible notes payable
   
752
 
Less:
       
Unamortized debt discounts
   
(351
)
Unamortized financing cost
   
(3
)
Total convertible notes payable, net of financing cost
 
$
398
 
 
25

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
(a)
On December 4, 2017, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement to sell a 5% Convertible Note (the “5% Convertible Note”) and 150,000 shares of restricted common stock to an institutional investor. The principal of the 5% Convertible Note and interest thereon may be converted into shares of common stock at $0.60 per share of common stock, subject to adjustments for lower priced issuances, stock splits, stock dividends, combinations or similar events. The 5% Convertible Note is in the principal amount of $550, included an OID of $50 resulting in net proceeds to the Company of $500, bears interest at 5% simple interest on the principal amount, and is due on August 13, 2018. Interest only payments are due on a quarterly basis and the principal is due on June 3, 2018.
 
At the time of issuance of the 5% Convertible Note, the closing price of the Company’s common stock was in excess of the conversion price, resulting in a beneficial conversion feature, or BCF. The BCF embedded in the 5% Convertible Note is accounted for under ASC No. 470, Debt. At issuance, the intrinsic value of the BCF totaled $244 based on the difference between the effective conversion price and the fair value of the Company’s common stock at the commitment date of the transaction. The intrinsic value of the BCF exceeded the proceeds allocated to the relative fair value of the 5% Convertible Note. The BCF is being amortized to interest expense over the term of the 5% Convertible Note using the effective interest method.  The valuation of the BCF was calculated based on the effective conversion price compared with the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance of the Convertible Note.

In aggregate, the Company recorded debt discount in the amount of $550 based on the relative fair values of the 150,000 shares of common stock of $256, BCF of $244 and OID of $50. The debt discount is being amortized as non-cash interest expense over the term of the debt. During the year ended December 31, 2017, non-cash interest expense of $381 was recorded from the amortization of debt discounts. In January 2018, the 5% Convertible Note was converted into 921,645 shares of the Company’s common stock based upon the contractual rights included in the 5% Convertible Note (See Note 19).
 
(b)
On August 3, 2017, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement to sell a 12% Convertible Note (the “12% Convertible Note”) and a warrant to purchase 666,666 shares of common stock to an accredited investor. The principal of the 12% Convertible Note may be converted into shares of common stock at $0.55 per share and under the terms of the Warrant, up to 666,666 shares of common stock may be purchased at an exercise price of $0.70 per share.
 
The 12% Convertible Note is in the principal amount of $400, included an OID of $40 resulting in net proceeds to the Company of $360, bears interest at 12% simple interest on the principal amount, and is due on August 13, 2018. Interest only payments are due on a quarterly basis and the principal is due on August 3, 2018. The principal may be converted into shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.55 per share.  

The Company computed the fair value of the 666,666 warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and, as a result of this calculation, recorded debt discount in the amount of $167 based on the estimated fair value of the 666,666 warrants.

The BCF embedded in the 12% Convertible Note is accounted for under ASC No. 470, Debt. At issuance, the intrinsic value of the BCF totaled $187. The Company, however, was prohibited from issuing shares of common stock pursuant to the 12% Convertible Note until stockholder approval of such issuance of securities was obtained as required by applicable NYSE American listing rules. The Company received stockholder approval for the share issuances on December 28, 2017. The intrinsic value of the BCF is being amortized to interest expense over the term of the 12% Convertible Note using the effective interest method. The valuation of the BCF was calculated based on the effective conversion price compared with the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance of the 12% Convertible Note. In aggregate, the Company recorded debt discount in the amount of $394 based on the relative fair values of the 666,666 warrants, BCF and OID of $40. During the year ended December 31, 2017, non-cash interest expense of $212 was recorded from the amortization of debt discounts.
 
26

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
On December 28, 2017, principal and accrued interest of $198 and $5, respectively, on the 12% Convertible Note was satisfied through the issuance of 368,760 shares of the Company’s common stock and the remaining balance was converted into 377,678 shares of the Company’s common stock on January 10, 2018 (See Note 19). The fair value of the warrants was estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing method. The risk-free rate of 1.79% was derived from the U.S. Treasury yield curve, matching the term of the warrant, in effect at the measurement date. The volatility factor of 107.3% was determined based on the Company’s historical stock prices.
 
(c)
On January 23, 2018, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with an institutional investor to sell, for an aggregate purchase price of $1,000, a 10% senior convertible promissory note (the “January 2018 10% Convertible Note”) with an aggregate principal face amount of $1,250, a warrant to purchase an aggregate of 625,000 shares of our common stock and 543,478 shares of our common stock. The transactions contemplated by the Securities Purchase Agreement closed on February 8, 2018.  The January 2018 10% Convertible Note is convertible into 625,000 shares of our common stock, a conversion price of $2.00 per share, subject to adjustment. The exercise price of the warrant to purchase 625,000 shares of our common stock is $2.20 per share, subject to adjustment. On February 9, 2018, in addition to the 543,478 shares of common stock provided for pursuant to the securities purchase agreement, we issued to the investor an aggregate of 691,942 shares of our common stock upon the conversion of the entire outstanding principal and accrued interest on the January 2018 10% Convertible Note of $1,384 (See Note 19).
 
19. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Preferred Stock

The Company is authorized to issue 25,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock $0.001 par value. The Board of Directors has designated 500,000 shares of its Preferred Stock as Series A cumulative Redeemable Convertible Preferred shares (the “Series A Preferred Stock”), 500,000 shares as Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”), 460,000 shares as Series C Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series C Preferred Stock”), 378,776 shares as Series D Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series D Preferred Stock”), and 10,000 shares as Series E Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series E Preferred Stock”). The rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions on the remaining authorized 23,151,224 shares of Preferred Stock have not been determined. The Company’s Board of Directors is authorized to create a new series of preferred shares and determine the number of shares, as well as the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions granted to or imposed upon any series of preferred shares. As of March 31, 2018, there were 100,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock, 124,276 shares of Series D Preferred Stock and no other shares of Preferred Stock were issued or outstanding.

Common Stock

Common stock confers upon the holders the rights to receive notice to participate and vote in the general meeting of shareholders of the Company, to receive dividends, if and when declared, and to participate in a distribution of surplus of assets upon liquidation of the Company.

Issuance of Common Stock pursuant to the At the Market Offering

On February 27, 2018, the Company entered into a sales agreement with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC (“HCW”) to sell shares of the Company’s common stock, having an aggregate offering price of up to $50 million from time to time, through an “at the market offering” program (the “ATM Offering”) under which HCW will act as sales agent. Between February 27, 2018 and March 31, 2018, we had received net proceeds of $5,928 through the sale of 5,120,812 shares of the Company’s common stock through the ATM Offering. The offer and sale of the shares through the ATM Offering are made pursuant to the Company’s effective “shelf” registration statement on Form S-3 and an accompanying base prospectus contained therein (Registration Statement No. 333-222132) filed with the SEC on December 18, 2017, amended on January 8, 2018, and declared effective by the SEC on January 11, 2018, and a prospectus supplement related to the ATM Offering, dated February 27, 2018.
 
27

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
Issuance of Common Stock for Services

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company issued to its consultants a total of 1,683,059 shares of its common stock, with a value of $3,033, an average of $1.80 per share for services rendered.

Issuance of common stock for conversion of debt

On January 3, 2018, accrued interest of $23 on the 10% Convertible Notes was satisfied through the issuance of 37,750 shares of the Company’s common stock.

On January 10, 2018, principal and accrued interest of $202 and $6, respectively, on the 12% Convertible Note was satisfied through the issuance of 377,678 shares of the Company’s common stock (See Note 18b).

On January 12, 2018, principal and accrued interest of $550 and $3, respectively, on the 5% Convertible Note was satisfied through the issuance of 921,645 shares of the Company’s common stock (See Note 18a).

On February 9, 2018, principal and accrued interest of $1,250 and $134, respectively, on the January 2018 10% Convertible Note was satisfied through the issuance of 691,942 shares of the Company’s common stock (See Note 18c).

Issuances of Common Stock upon Exercise of Stock Options

During January 2018, the Company issued a total of 60,000 shares of its common stock upon the cash exercise of options. These options were issued pursuant to the Company’s Plans. The Company received cash of $98 as a result of these option exercises.

Issuances of Common Stock upon Exercise of Warrants

During January 2018, the Company issued a total of 1,866,471 shares of its common stock upon the cash and cashless exercise of warrants to purchase an aggregate of 2,187,646 shares of its common stock. These warrants were issued between August 2017 and December 2017 in conjunction with various common stock and debt financings. The Company received cash of $867 as a result of these warrant exercises.

Issuances of common stock in connection with convertible notes

On February 9, 2018, in conjunction with the securities purchase agreement to sell the January 2018 10% Convertible Note in the principal amount of $1,250, the Company issued 543,478 shares of restricted common stock to the institutional investor (See Note 18c).

Issuances of Common Stock upon Conversion of Series D Preferred Stock

During January 2018, pursuant to the conversion terms of the Series D Preferred Stock, 254,500 shares of the Series D Preferred Stock was converted into 509,000 shares of the Company’s Common Stock.
 
28

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
20. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTION

a.
In anticipation of the acquisition of MTIX Ltd., an advanced materials and processing technology company located in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, UK (“MTIX”) by AVLP and the expectation of future business generated by the Company from a strategic investment into AVLP, on October 5, 2016, November 30, 2016, and February 22, 2017, the Company entered into three 12% Convertible Promissory Notes with AVLP (the “AVLP Notes”) in the principal amount of $525 each. The AVLP Notes included a 5% original issue discount, resulting in net loans to AVLP of $1,500 and an original issue discount of $75. The AVLP notes accrued interest at 12% per annum and were due on or before two years from the origination dates of each note. The Company had the right, at its option, to convert all or any portion of the principal and accrued interest into shares of common stock of AVLP at approximately $0.74536 per share. Subject to adjustment, the AVLP Notes, inclusive of the original issue discount, were convertible into 2,113,086 shares of the Company’s common stock. During the period from March 29, 2017 to August 16, 2017, the Company funded $1,809 in excess of the $1,500 net loan amount required pursuant to the terms of the AVLP Notes

On September 6, 2017, the Company and AVLP entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (“AVLP Loan Agreement”) with an effective date of August 21, 2017 pursuant to which the Company will provide Avalanche a non-revolving credit facility of up to $5,000, inclusive of prior amounts loaned to AVLP, for a period ending on August 21, 2019, subject to the terms and conditions stated in the Loan Agreement, including that the Company having available funds to grant such credit. 

In consideration of entering into the AVLP Loan Agreement, the Company and AVLP cancelled the AVLP Notes and consolidated the AVLP Notes and prior advances totaling $3,309 plus original issue discount of $165 and issued a new Convertible Promissory Note in the aggregate principal amount of $3,474 (the “New Note”) that is convertible into shares of AVLP at a conversion price of $0.50 per share. The New Note is due in two years and accrues interest at 12% per annum on the principal amount. Prior interest accrued under the AVLP Notes and advances will continue to be an obligation of AVLP. The New Note contains standard events of defaults. In addition, concurrent to issuing the New Note, AVLP issued to the Company a five-year Warrant to purchase 6,948,800 shares of AVLP Common Stock at $0.50 per share. Further, the Company made additional advances under the AVLP Loan Agreement in the aggregate amount of $2,109 At March 31, 2018, in aggregate, the Company has provided loans to AVLP in the principal amount $5,584 and AVLP has issued to the Company warrants to purchase 11,167,440 shares of AVLP common stock. Future advances under the AVLP Loan Agreement, if any, will be evidenced by a convertible promissory containing a conversion price feature at $0.50 per share and warrant with an exercise price of $0.50 per share. Further, under the terms of the AVLP Loan Agreement, any notes issued by AVLP are secured by the assets of AVLP.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company also acquired in the open market 78,200 shares of AVLP common stock for $99 and 221,333 shares of AVLP common stock for $192, respectively. At March 31, 2018, the closing market price of AVLP’s common stock was $0.98. The Company has determined that its investment in AVLP marketable equity securities are accounted for pursuant to the fair value method and based upon the closing market price of common stock at March 31, 2018, the Company has recognized an unrealized gain of $164.

Philou is AVLP’s controlling shareholder.  Mr. Ault is Chairman of AVLP’s Board of Directors and the Executive Chairman of the Company’s Board of Directors. Mr. William B. Horne is the Chief Financial Officer of AVLP and also the audit committee chairman of the Company.

On October 24, 2016, AVLP entered into a letter of intent to acquire MTIX and made an initial payment of $50 towards the purchase. On August 22, 2017, pursuant to the terms of a Share Exchange Agreement dated as of March 3, 2017, and as amended on July 13, 2017 and August 21, 2017 (the “Exchange Agreement”) with MTIX Limited, a company formed under the laws of England and Wales (“MTIX”) and the three (3) shareholders of MTIX (the “Sellers”), AVLP completed its acquisition of MTIX. Upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Exchange Agreement, AVLP acquired MTIX from the Sellers through the transfer of all issued and outstanding ordinary shares of MTIX (the “MTIX Shares”) by the Sellers to AVLP in exchange (the “Exchange”) for the issuance by AVLP of: (a) 7% secured convertible promissory notes (individually, a “Note” and collectively, the “Notes”) in the aggregate principal face amount of $9,500 to the Sellers in pro rata amounts commensurate with their current respective ownership percentages of MTIX’s ordinary shares, (b) (i) $500 in cash, $50, of which was paid on October 26, 2016, and (ii) 100,000 shares of AVLP’s newly designated shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Class B Shares”) to the principal shareholder of MTIX (the “Majority Shareholder”).
 
29

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
On the closing date, the fully-diluted AVLP shares shall be approximately 52 million shares of common stock, assuming that (i) the MTIX promissory notes are convertible into shares of AVLP common stock at a conversion price of $0.50 per share, (ii) the shares of AVLP Class B Convertible Preferred Stock are convertible into shares of AVLP common stock at a conversion rate of $0.50 per share and (iii) the issuance of stock options to purchase an aggregate of 531,919 shares of AVLP common stock to the members of the MTIX management group.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, we recognized $1,793 in revenues resulting from our relationship with MTIX Limited, a company formed under the laws of England and Wales (“MTIX”).  MTIX was acquired by Avalanche on August 22, 2017 and is therefore deemed to be a related party.  In March 2017, the Company was awarded a 3-year, $50 million purchase order by MTIX to manufacture, install and service the Multiplex Laser Surface Enhancement (“MLSE”) plasma-laser system. Management believes that the MLSE purchase order will be a source of revenue and generate significant cash flows for the Company. However, at March 31, 2018, the $1,967 in revenues recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and year ended December 31, 2017, had not yet been received and was reflected on the financial statements as accounts receivable, related party.

b.
On September 22, 2016, the Company entered into a consulting agreement with Mr. Ault to assist the Company in developing a business strategy, identifying new business opportunities, developing a capital raising program and implementing of a capital deployment program.  For his services, Mr. Ault was paid $100 during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and $208 during the year ended December 31, 2017.

c.
On March 9, 2017, the Company entered into a Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement with Philou. Pursuant to the terms of the Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement, Philou may invest up to $5,000 in the Company through the purchase of Series B Preferred Stock over 36 months. Between April 1, 2017 and June 2, 2017, Philou purchased 75,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock pursuant to the terms of the Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement. Further, at March 31, 2018, Philou had made a $250 payment in the form of a short-term advance which was converted into Series B Preferred Stock on April 24, 2018.

d.
Between July 6, 2017 and March 31, 2018, Milton C. Ault, III, the Company’s Executive Chairman, personally guaranteed the repayment of (i) $8,218 from the sale of Advances on Future Receipts (ii) and $4,380 from the sale of the promissory notes. These personal guarantees were necessary to facilitate the consummation of these financing transactions. Mr. Ault’s payment obligations would be triggered if the Company failed to perform under these financing obligations. Our board of directors has agreed to compensate Mr. Ault for his personal guarantees. The amount of annual compensation for each of these guarantees, which will be in the form of non-cash compensation, is approximately 1.5% of the amount of the obligation.

e.
During the year ended December 31, 2017, DP Lending made loans to Alzamend Neuro, Inc. (“Alzamend”), in the amount of $44. AVLP is a party to a management services agreement pursuant to which Avalanche provides management, consulting and financial services to Alzamend. At March 31, 2018, the outstanding principal under these loans had been repaid. As additional consideration, the Company received a warrant to purchase 22,000 shares of Alzamend’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.30 per share of common stock.
 
30

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
21. SEGMENT, CUSTOMERS AND GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION

The Company has three reportable segments as of March 31, 2018 and two reportable segments as of December 31, 2017; see Note 1 for a brief description of the Company’s business.

The following data presents the revenues, expenditures and other operating data of the Company’s geographic operating segments and presented in accordance with ASC No. 280.
 
   
Three Months ended March 31, 2018
 
   
DPC
   
DPL
   
SC Mining
   
Eliminations
   
Total
 
Revenues
 
$
2,840
   
$
326
   
$
237
   
$
   
$
3,403
 
Revenue, related party
 
$
1,793
   
$
   
$
   
$
   
$
1,793
 
Inter-segment revenues
 
$
5
   
$
   
$
   
$
(5
)
 
$
 
Total revenues
 
$
4,638
   
$
326
   
$
237
   
$
(5
)
 
$
5,196
 
                                         
Depreciation and amortization expense
 
$
43
   
$
17
   
$
55
   
$
   
$
115
 
                                         
Loss from operations
 
$
(1,851
)
 
$
(253
)
 
$
(863
)
 
$
   
$
(2,967
)
Interest expense, net
                                 
$
(3,132
)
Income tax benefit
                                 
$
4
 
Net loss attributable to non-controlling
interest
                                 
$
36
 
Net loss attributable to DPW Holdings
                                 
$
(6,059
)
Capital expenditures for segment assets, as
of December 31, 2017
 
$
311
   
$
1
   
$
7,166
   
$
   
$
7,478
 
                                         
Identifiable assets as of March 31, 2018
 
$
29,104
   
$
1,488
   
$
7,901
   
$
   
$
38,493
 

 

 
   
Three Months ended March 31, 2017
 
   
DPC
   
DPL
   
Eliminations
   
Total
 
Revenues
 
$
1,013
   
$
615
   
$
   
$
1,628
 
Inter-segment revenues
 
$
25
   
$
   
$
(25
)
 
$
 
Total revenues
 
$
1,038
   
$
615
   
$
(25
)
 
$
1,628
 
                                 
Depreciation and amortization expense
 
$
16
   
$
17
   
$
   
$
33
 
                                 
Loss from operations
 
$
(744
)
 
$
(43
)
 
$
   
$
(787
)
Interest income, net
                         
$
(207
)
Income tax benefit
                         
$
 
Net loss
                         
$
(994
)
Capital expenditures for segment assets, as of
December 31, 2016
 
$
   
$
2
   
$
   
$
2
 
                                 
Identifiable assets as of March 31, 2017
 
$
3,528
   
$
2,177
   
$
   
$
5,705
 
 
31

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
Concentration Risk:

The following table provides the percentage of total revenues attributable to a single customer from which 10% or more of total revenues are derived:
 
   
For the three months ended March 31, 2018
 
             
   
Total Revenues
       
   
by Major
   
Percentage of
 
   
Customers
   
Total Company
 
   
(in thousands)
   
Revenues
 
Customer A
 
$
1,793
     
35
%


   
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
             
   
Total Revenues
       
   
by Major
   
Percentage of
 
   
Customers
   
Total Company
 
   
(in thousands)
   
Revenues
 
Customer A
 
$
309
     
19
%
Customer B
 
$
224
     
14
%


Revenue from Customer A is related party revenue attributable to Coolisys and revenue from Customer B is attributable to DP Limited. At March 31, 2018, one customer represented 17.4% of the Company’s accounts receivable and MTIX represented all of the Company’s accounts and other receivable, related party.

For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, total revenues from external customers divided on the basis of the Company’s product lines are as follows:

   
2018
   
2017
 
Revenues:
           
Commercial products
 
$
3,665
   
$
1,078
 
Defense products
   
1,531
     
550
 
Total revenues
 
$
5,196
   
$
1,628
 

Financial data relating to geographic areas:

The Company’s total revenues are attributed to geographic areas based on the location. The following table presents total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016. Other than as shown, no foreign country contributed materially to revenues or long-lived assets for these periods:

   
2018
   
2017
 
Revenues:
           
North America
 
$
4,747
   
$
1,002
 
Europe
   
267
     
514
 
Other
   
182
     
112
 
Total revenues
 
$
5,196
   
$
1,628
 
 
32

 
DPW HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
MARCH 31, 2018
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
22. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

In accordance with FASB ASC 855-10, the Company has analyzed its operations subsequent to December 31, 2017 and has determined that it does not have any material subsequent events to disclose in these financial statements except for the following.
 
Convertible Promissory Notes
 
On April 16, 2018, the Company entered into securities purchase agreements with three institutional investors to sell, for an aggregate purchase price of $1,550, 12% secured convertible promissory notes (“Convertible Notes”) with an aggregate principal face amount of $1,722, warrants to purchase an aggregate of 993,588 shares of the Company’s common stock, and an aggregate of 200,926 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Convertible Notes bear simple interest at 12% on the principal amount with a guarantee of interest during the initial six months in the amount of $103. Subject to certain beneficial ownership limitations and an event of default having occurred and not been cured, the investors may convert the principal amount of the Convertible Notes and accrued interest earned thereon into shares of the Company’s common Stock at $0.70 per share, subject to adjustment for customary stock splits, stock dividends, combinations or similar events. Beginning on May 16, 2018, the Company is required to make six monthly cash payments in the aggregate amount of $304 until the Convertible Notes are satisfied in full, which is to occur on October 16, 2018. The warrants entitle the holders to purchase, in the aggregate, up to 993,588 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.30 per share for a period of five years. In connection with these three securities purchase agreements, the Company entered into security agreements pursuant to which it granted to each investor a security interest in, among others, SC Mining’s accounts, chattel paper, documents, equipment, general intangibles, instruments and inventory, and all proceeds, as set forth in the security agreements.