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EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - Ault Global Holdings, Inc.ex32_1.htm
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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 
Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017 
 
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
 
For the transition period from ________ to ________. 
 
Commission file number 1-12711
 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
California
94-1721931
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or
organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
 
48430 Lakeview Blvd
Fremont, CA 94538-3158
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(510) 657-2635
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes    No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer  
 
 
 
 
 
Accelerated filer  
             
Non-accelerated filer  
 
 (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
 Smaller reporting company  
             
Emerging growth company
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12(b)-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes    No

At November 17, 2017 the registrant had outstanding 15,817,393 shares of common stock.
 

 

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS  
 
 
 
 
Page
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2017 (Unaudited) and December
31, 2016 (Audited)
1-2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three and
nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (Unaudited)
3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30,
2017 and 2016 (Unaudited)
4-5
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notes to Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
6 - 42
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
43
       
 
Item 3. 
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
51
       
 
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
51
 
 
 
 
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
52
 
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
52
 
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
53
 
Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
53
 
Item 4.
Reserved
54
 
Item 5.
Other Information
54
 
Item 6.
Exhibits
55
 
 
 
 
 
Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Words such as "anticipates," "expects," "intends," "goals," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," "continues," "may," "will," “would,” "should," “could,” and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. In addition, any statements that refer to projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth and trends in our businesses, uncertain events or assumptions, and other characterizations of future events or circumstances are forward-looking statements. Such statements are based on management's expectations as of the date of this filing and involve many risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include those described throughout this report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, particularly the "Risk Factors" sections of such reports. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made in this Form 10-Q and in other documents we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission that disclose risks and uncertainties that may affect our business. The forward-looking statements in this Form 10-Q do not reflect the potential impact of any divestitures, mergers, acquisitions, or other business combinations that had not been completed as of November 20, 2017. In addition, the forward-looking statements in this Form 10-Q are made as of the date of this filing, and we do not undertake, and expressly disclaims any duty, to update such statements, whether as a result of new information, new developments or otherwise, except to the extent that disclosure may be required by law.
 

 
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.  Financial Statements.
 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
U.S. dollars in thousands, except shares and per share data
 
   
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
ASSETS
           
             
CURRENT ASSETS
           
             
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
314
   
$
996
 
Accounts receivable, net
   
2,892
     
1,439
 
Inventories, net
   
1,858
     
1,122
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
603
     
285
 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS
   
5,667
     
3,842
 
                 
Intangible assets
   
420
     
 
Goodwill
   
6,490
     
 
Property and equipment, net
   
603
     
570
 
Investments - related parties, net of original issue discount of $127
               
  and $45, respectively, at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016
   
3,782
     
1,036
 
Other investments
   
679
     
 
Other investments, related parties
   
354
     
 
Other assets
   
265
     
24
 
TOTAL ASSETS
 
$
18,260
   
$
5,472
 
 
               
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
                 
CURRENT LIABILITIES
               
                 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
$
5,460
   
$
1,231
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses, related party
   
104
     
 
Advances on future receipts, net of discount of $671
   
1,475
     
 
Revolving credit facility
   
310
     
 
Notes payable
   
1,609
     
 
Notes payable, related parties
   
274
     
250
 
Convertible notes payable, net
   
465
     
 
Other current liabilities
   
144
     
398
 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES
   
9,841
     
1,879
 
                 
LONG TERM LIABILITIES
               
Notes payable
   
659
     
 
Notes payable, related parties
   
132
     
 
Convertible notes payable, related party, net of discount of $364
               
  and $496, respectively, at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016
   
166
     
34
 
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES
 
$
10,798
   
$
1,913
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
1

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (continued)
U.S. dollars in thousands, except shares and per share data
 
   
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
             
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
   
     
 
                 
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
                 
Series A Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock, no par value –
   
     
 
  500,000 shares authorized; nil shares issued and outstanding at
               
  September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016
               
Series B Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock, $10 stated value per
   
     
 
  share, no par value – 500,000 shares authorized; 100,000 and nil
               
  shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and December 31,
               
  2016, respectively (liquidation preference of $1,000 and nil at
               
  September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively)
               
Series C Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock, $2.40 stated value
   
     
 
  per share, no par value – 460,000 shares authorized; 455,002 and
               
  nil shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and December
               
  31, 2016, respectively (liquidation preference of $1,092 and nil at
               
  September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively)
               
Series D Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.01 stated value
   
     
 
  per share, no par value – 378,776 shares authorized; 378,776 and
               
  nil shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and December
               
  31, 2016, respectively (liquidation preference of $0.01 per share)
               
Series E Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock, $45 stated value per
   
     
 
  share, no par value – 10,000 shares authorized; 10,000 and nil shares
               
  issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016,
               
  respectively (liquidation preference of $0.01 per share)
               
Preferred Stock, no par value – 151,224 shares authorized; nil shares
   
     
 
  issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016
               
Common Stock, no par value – 30,000,000 shares authorized; 14,150,154
               
 and 7,677,637 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and
   
     
 
 December 31, 2016, respectively
               
Additional paid-in capital
   
24,667
     
16,537
 
Accumulated deficit
   
(17,212
)
   
(12,158
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
(722
)
   
(820
)
TOTAL DIGITAL POWER STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
   
6,733
     
3,559
 
                 
Non-controlling interest
   
729
     
 
                 
TOTAL EQUITY
   
7,462
     
3,559
 
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
$
18,260
   
$
5,472
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
2

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHNSIVE LOSS
(Unaudited)
U.S. dollars in thousands, except shares and per share data
 
   
For the Three Months Ended
   
For the Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
   
2017
   
2016
   
2017
   
2016
 
                         
Revenue
 
$
3,220
   
$
1,826
   
$
6,670
   
$
5,603
 
Cost of revenue
   
2,124
     
1,123
     
4,136
     
3,526
 
Gross profit
   
1,096
     
703
     
2,534
     
2,077
 
                                 
Operating expenses
                               
Engineering and product development
   
306
     
147
     
798
     
511
 
Selling and marketing
   
423
     
235
     
1,045
     
723
 
General and administrative
   
1,685
     
404
     
4,240
     
1,115
 
Total operating expenses
   
2,414
     
786
     
6,083
     
2,349
 
                                 
Loss from operations
   
(1,318
)
   
(83
)
   
(3,549
)
   
(272
)
                                 
Interest (expense) income, net
   
(753
)
   
23
     
(1,367
)
   
85
 
                                 
Loss before income taxes
   
(2,071
)
   
(60
)
   
(4,916
)
   
(187
)
                                 
Income tax benefit
   
     
22
     
     
22
 
                                 
Net loss
 
$
(2,071
)
 
$
(38
)
 
$
(4,916
)
 
$
(165
)
                                 
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest
   
104
     
     
216
     
 
                                 
Net loss attributable to Digital Power Corp
   
(1,967
)
   
(38
)
   
(4,700
)
   
(165
)
                                 
Preferred deemed dividends
   
     
     
(319
)
   
 
Preferred dividends
   
(27
)
   
     
(35
)
   
 
                                 
Loss available to common shareholders
 
$
(1,994
)
 
$
(38
)
 
$
(5,054
)
 
$
(165
)
                                 
Basic and diluted net loss per common share
 
$
(0.15
)
 
$
(0.01
)
 
$
(0.46
)
 
$
(0.02
)
                                 
Basic and diluted weighted average common shares outstanding
   
13,745,540
     
6,775,971
     
10,884,948
     
6,775,971
 
                                 
Comprehensive Loss
                               
Loss available to common shareholders
 
$
(1,994
)
 
$
(38
)
 
$
(5,054
)
 
$
(165
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
                               
Change in net foreign currency translation adjustments
   
42
     
(55
)
   
141
     
(265
)
Net unrealized loss on securities available-for-sale, net of income taxes
   
(43
)
   
     
(43
)
   
 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
   
(1
)
   
(55
)
   
98
     
(265
)
Total Comprehensive loss
 
$
(1,995
)
 
$
(93
)
 
$
(4,956
)
 
$
(430
)
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
3

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
U.S. dollars in thousands, except shares and per share data
 
   
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
             
Cash flows from operating activities:
           
Net loss
 
$
(4,916
)
 
$
(165
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation
   
128
     
123
 
Amortization
   
6
     
 
Interest expense – debt discount
   
1,239
     
 
Accretion of original issue discount on notes receivable – related party
   
(36
)
   
 
Interest expense on conversion of demand notes to common stock
   
13
     
 
Stock-based compensation
   
1,269
     
129
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
   
(737
)
   
82
 
Inventories
   
228
     
243
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
(166
)
   
(60
)
Other assets
   
(197
)
   
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
   
2,083
     
(101
)
Accounts payable, related parties
   
104
     
 
Other current liabilities
   
(595
)
   
(113
)
                 
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
   
(1,577
)
   
138
 
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Purchase of property and equipment
   
(22
)
   
(78
)
Purchase of intangible asset
   
(50
)
   
 
Purchase of Power-Plus
   
(409
)
   
 
Sale of investment
   
     
90
 
Investments – related party
   
(2,710
)
   
 
Investment in real property
   
(300
)
   
 
Investments – others
   
(25
)
   
 
Loans to related parties
   
(54
)
   
 
Loans to third parties
   
(814
)
   
 
                 
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities
   
(4,384
)
   
12
 
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Gross proceeds from sales of common stock and warrants
   
745
     
 
Proceeds from issuance of preferred stock
   
1,540
     
 
Financing cost in connection with sales of equity securities
   
(275
)
   
 
Proceeds from convertible notes payable
   
1,514
     
 
Payments on convertible notes payable
   
(157
)
   
 
Proceeds from notes payable – related party
   
350
     
 
Proceeds from notes payable
   
785
     
 
Payments on notes payable
   
(30
)
   
 
Proceeds from advances on future receipts
   
1,772
     
 
Payments on advances on future receipts
   
(439
)
   
 
Payments of preferred dividends
   
(8
)
   
 
Financing cost in connection with sales of debt securities
   
(122
)
   
 
Payments on revolving credit facilities, net
   
(481
)
   
 
                 
Net cash provided by financing activities
   
5,194
     
 
                 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
   
85
     
(99
)
                 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
   
(682
)
   
51
 
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
   
996
     
1,241
 
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
314
   
$
1,292
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
4

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited) (continued)
U.S. dollars in thousands
 
   
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
             
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
           
Cash paid during the period for interest
 
$
69
   
$
-
 
                 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
               
Cancellation of notes payable – related party into shares of common stock
 
$
100
   
$
-
 
Cancellation of notes payable into shares of common stock
 
$
648
   
$
-
 
Cancellation of note payable – related party into series B convertible preferred stock
 
$
500
   
$
-
 
Cancellation of convertible note payable into shares of common stock
 
$
145
   
$
-
 
                 
In connection with the Company's acquisition of Microphase Corporation, equity instruments were issued and liabilities assumed during 2017 as follows:
 
                 
Fair value of assets acquired
 
$
7,893
         
Equity instruments issued
   
(1,451
)
       
Minority interest
   
(945
)
       
Liabilities assumed
 
$
5,497
         

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
5

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
 
Digital Power Corporation ("Digital Power") was incorporated in 1969, under the General Corporation Law of the State of California. Digital Power and Digital Power Limited ("DP Limited"), a wholly owned subsidiary, located in the United Kingdom, are currently engaged in the design, manufacture and sale of switching power supplies and converters. On November 30, 2016, Digital Power formed Digital Power Lending, LLC (“DP Lending”), and on April 25, 2017, Digital Power formed Coolisys Technologies, Inc. (“Coolisys”). Both DP Lending and Coolisys are wholly-owned subsidiaries. DP Lending is engaged in providing commercial loans to companies throughout the United States to provide them with operating capital to finance the growth of their businesses. The loans will primarily be short-term, ranging from six to twelve months. The Company intends to operate its existing businesses in the customized and flexible power system solutions for the medical, military, telecom and industrial markets, other than the European markets which are primarily served by DP Limited, in Coolisys. On June 2, 2017, Digital Power purchased 56.4% of the outstanding equity interests of Microphase Corporation, a Delaware corporation (the “Microphase”). Microphase is a design-to-manufacture original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”) delivering radio frequency (“RF”) and microwave filters, diplexers, multiplexers, detectors, switch filters, integrated assemblies and detector logarithmic video amplifiers (“DLVA”) to the military, aerospace and telecommunications industries. Microphase is headquartered in Shelton, Connecticut. Further, on September 1, 2017, Coolisys acquired all of the outstanding membership interests in Power-Plus Technical Distributors, LLC, a California limited liability company (“Power-Plus”). Power-Plus is an industrial distributor of value added power supply solutions, UPS systems, fans, filters, line cords, and other power-related components. The Company’s results of operations include the results of Microphase and Power-Plus from their respective acquisition dates forward. Digital Power, DP Limited, Microphase, Coolisys, Power-Plus and DP Lending (collectively, the “Company”) has two reportable geographic segments - North America (sales through Digital Power, Microphase, Coolisys, Power-Plus and DP Lending) and Europe (sales through DP Limited).

2. LIQUIDITY, GOING CONCERN AND MANAGEMENT’S PLANS

As of September 30, 2017, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $314, an accumulated deficit of $17,212 and a negative working capital of $4,174. The Company has incurred recurring losses and reported losses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, totaled $1,967 and $4,700, respectively.  In the past, the Company has financed its operations principally through issuances of convertible debt, promissory notes and equity securities. During 2017, as reflected below, the Company continues to successfully obtain additional equity and debt financing and in restructuring existing debt. The following financings transactions were consummated during 2017:

·
In February 2017, the Company issued demand promissory notes and warrants to purchase 333,333 shares of common stock at $ 0.70 per share for aggregate proceeds of $400. Further in February 2017, the holders of $400 in demand promissory notes agreed to extinguish their $400 of debt by cancelling their notes to purchase 666,667 shares of common stock of the Company at $0.60 per share (See Note 10).

·
On March 9, 2017, the Company entered into a Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement with Philou Ventures LLC (“Philou”), a related party, pursuant to which Philou was granted the right to invest up to $5,000 in the Company through the purchase of Series B Preferred Stock over a term of 36 months.   On March 24, 2017, Philou purchased 25,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock pursuant to the Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement in consideration of cancellation of Company debt of $250 due to MCKEA, an affiliate of Philou. On May 5, 2017, Philou purchased an additional 50,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock pursuant to the Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement for $500 (See Note 14).

·
On March 15, 2017, the Company entered into a subscription agreement with one investor for the sale of 500,000 shares of common stock at $0.60 per share for the aggregate purchase price of $300 (See Note 14).
 
6

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
·
On March 20, 2017, the Company issued $250 in demand promissory note to one of the Company's shareholders (See Note 14). This $250 demand promissory note was converted in shares of the Series B Preferred Stock for the benefit of Philou.

·
On March 28, 2017, the Company issued $270 in demand promissory notes to several investors. The Company received gross proceeds of $220 on March 31, 2017 and the remaining balance of $50 was received on April 3, 2017. On April 5, 2017, the Company canceled these promissory notes by issuing to the holders 360,000 shares of common stock at $0.75 per share and warrants to purchase 180,000 shares of common stock at $0.90 per share (See Note 10).

·
On April 17, 2017, the Company entered into two 7% convertible notes (the “7% Convertible Notes”) in the aggregate principal amount of $250. The 7% Convertible Notes accrue interest at 7% simple interest on the principal amount and were due on June 2, 2017. The 7% Convertible Notes were not repaid on the maturity date and as such were in default at June 30, 2017. During July 2017 these two 7% Convertible Notes were repaid (See Note 12).

·
On April 26, 2017, the Company entered into a 7% convertible note in the aggregate principal amount of $104. On June 28, 2017, the noteholder converted the outstanding balance into 189,091 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $0.55 per share (See Note 12).

·
Between May 5, 2017 and June 30, 2017, the Company received additional short-term loans of $140 from four accredited investors of which $75 was from the Company’s corporate counsel, a related party. As additional consideration, the investors received five-year warrants to purchase 224,371 shares of common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $0.77 per share.On June 28, 2017, the holders of $55 of these short-term loans cancelled their notes for the purchase of 100,001 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $0.55 per share. An additional $52 in short-term loans that was received from the related party was also converted on June 28, 2017, into one of the Series C Units (See Note 10).

·
Between May 24, 2017 and June 19, 2017, the Company entered into subscription agreements (the “Series C Subscription Agreement”) with approximately twenty accredited investors (the “Series C Investors”) in connection with the sale of twenty-one Units at a purchase price of $52 per Unit raising in the aggregate $1,092 with each Unit consisting of Series C Preferred Stock and Warrants (See Note 14).

·
Between July 6, 2017 and September 13, 2017, the Company received funding as a result of entering into multiple Agreements for the Purchase and Sale of Future Receipts with TVT Capital, LLC pursuant to which the Company sold in the aggregate $2,585 in Future Receipts of the Company for $1,772. Under the terms of the agreements, the Company will be obligated to pay the initial daily amount of $13 until the $2,585 has been paid in full. The term Future Receipts means cash, check, ACH, credit card, debit card, bank card, charged card or other form of monetary payment (See Note 8).

·
On July 24, 2017, we entered into subscription agreements with six investors, and on July 25, 2017 we entered into securities purchase agreements (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”) with an institutional investor, under which we agreed to issue and sell in the aggregate 851,363 shares of common stock to the investors at $0.55 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $468. Of the aggregate purchase price of $468, $445 was paid in cash and $23 was in consideration for the cancellation of debt from a related party of the Company (See Note 14).
 
7

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
·
On July 28, 2017, we entered into an exchange agreement with an institutional investor who was the owner of (i) a 7% Convertible Note in the principal amount of $125 and a warrant dated April 17, 2017 to purchase 83,334 shares of our common stock at $0.90. Under the terms of the exchange agreement, we agreed to exchange the 7% Convertible Note for three new promissory notes in the principal amounts of $110 due August 1, 2017; $35 due August 1, 2017; and $34 due August 8, 2017 (individually an Exchange Note and collectively the Exchange Notes) and to exchange the prior warrant for a new warrant to purchase 83,334 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share. Concurrent with entering into this exchange agreement, the institutional investor entered into a subscription agreement under which we issued and sold in a registered direct offering 200,000 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $110. The 200,000 shares of common stock were purchased through the cancellation of the Exchange Note in the principal amount of $110. In addition, in a concurrent private placement, the institutional investor entered into a separate securities purchase agreement under which we issued and sold 63,600 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share for an aggregate of purchase price of $35. The 63,600 shares of common stock were purchased through the cancellation of the Exchange Note in the principal amount of $35. Further, we issued a warrant to purchase 120,000 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share (See Note 14).

·
On August 3, 2017, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement to sell a 12% Convertible (“12% Convertible Note”) and a warrant to purchase 666,666 shares of common stock to an accredited investor (the “Investor”). The principal of the Convertible Note may be converted into shares of common stock at $0.55 per share and under the terms of the Warrant, up to 666,666 shares of common stock may be purchased at an exercise price of $0.70 per share. The Convertible Note is in the principal amount of $400 and was sold for $360, bears interest at 12% simple interest on the principal amount, and is due on August 13, 2018. Interest only payments are due on a quarterly basis and the principal is due on August 3, 2018. The principal may be converted into shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.55 per share (See Note 12).  

·
On August 10, 2017, the Company, entered into Securities Purchase Agreements (“Agreements”) with five institutional investors (the “Investors”) to sell for an aggregate purchase price of $800, 10% Senior Convertible Promissory Notes (“Convertible Notes”) with an aggregate principal face amount of $880 and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 1,475,000 shares of common stock. The principal of the Convertible Notes and interest earned thereon may be converted into shares of common stock at $0.60 per share and under the terms of the Warrant, up to 1,475,000 shares of common stock may be purchased at an exercise price of $0.66 per share. The Convertible Notes are in the aggregate principal amount of $880 and were sold for $800 and bear simple interest at 10% on the principal amount, and principal and interest are due on February 10, 2018. Subject to certain beneficial ownership limitations, each Investor may convert the principal amount of the Convertible Note and accrued interest earned thereon at any time into shares of common stock at $0.60 per share. The conversion price of the Convertible Notes is subject to adjustment for customary stock splits, stock dividends, combinations or similar events (See Note 12).

The Company expects to continue to incur losses for the foreseeable future and needs to raise additional capital to continue its business development initiatives and to support its working capital requirements. In March 2017, the Company was awarded a 3-year, $50 million purchase order by MTIX Ltd. (“MTIX") to manufacture, install and service the Multiplex Laser Surface Enhancement (“MLSE”) plasma-laser system. Management believes that the MLSE purchase order will be a source of revenue and generate significant cash flows for the Company. Management believes that the Company has access to capital resources through potential public or private issuance of debt or equity securities. However, if the Company is unable to raise additional capital, it may be required to curtail operations and take additional measures to reduce costs, including reducing its workforce, eliminating outside consultants and reducing legal fees to conserve its cash in amounts sufficient to sustain operations and meet its obligations. These matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments that might become necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.
 
8

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
3. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Regulation S-X and do not include all the information and disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The Company has made estimates and judgments affecting the amounts reported in our consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes.  The actual results experienced by the Company may differ materially from our estimates. The consolidated financial information is unaudited but reflects all normal adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to provide a fair statement of results for the interim periods presented. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 10, 2017.  The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2016 was derived from the Company’s audited 2016 financial statements contained in the above referenced Form 10-K.  Results of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year ending December 31, 2017.
 
Principles of Consolidation

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Digital Power, its wholly-owned subsidiaries, DP Limited, Coolisys, Power-Plus and DP Lending and its majority-owned subsidiary, Microphase. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Accounting Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with GAAP, requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions. The Company's management believes that the estimates, judgments and assumptions used are reasonable based upon information available at the time they are made. These estimates, judgments and assumptions can affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Key estimates include acquisition accounting, fair value of certain financial instruments, reserve for trade receivables and inventories, carrying amounts of investments, accruals of certain liabilities including product warranties, and deferred income taxes and related valuation allowance.
 
Investments in Debt and Equity Securities

The Company classifies its investments in Avalanche International, Corp (“AVLP”), consisting of shares of common stock and debt securities, in accordance with ASC No. 320, Investment in Debt and Equity Securities (“ASC No. 320”) and ASC No. 325, Investment – Other (“ASC No. 325”). The investment in marketable securities and convertible promissory notes are both classified as “available-for-sale securities” and are carried at fair value, based on quoted market prices. Unrealized gains and losses are reported as a separate component of stockholder’s equity, accumulated other comprehensive loss. When evaluating the Company’s debt and equity investments for other-than-temporary impairment, the Company reviews factors such as the length of time and extent to which fair value has been below cost basis, the financial condition of the issuer and any changes thereto, and the Company’s intent to sell, or whether it is more likely than not that it will be required to sell, the investment before recovery of the investment’s amortized cost basis. Equity securities that do not have readily determinable fair values (i.e., non-marketable equity securities) and are not required to be accounted for under the equity method are typically carried at cost (i.e., cost method investments), as described in ASC No. 325-20. Additionally, the investment in debt securities of AVLP qualifies for application of the fair value option in accordance with ASC No. 825.
  
Revenue Recognition

The Company generates revenues from the sale of its products through a direct and indirect sales force. Revenues from products are recognized in accordance with ASC No. 605, Revenue Recognition, when the following criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the seller's price to the buyer is fixed or determinable, no further obligation exists and collectability is reasonably assured. Generally, the Company does not grant a right of return. However, certain distributors are allowed, in the six months after the initial stock purchase, to rotate stock that has not been sold for other products. Revenues subject to stock rotation rights are deferred until the products are sold to the end customer or until the rotation rights expire. Service revenues are deferred and recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the service agreement. Service revenues are immaterial in proportion to the Company's revenues. 
 
9

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
Warranty
 
The Company offers a warranty period for all its products. Warranty periods range from one to two years depending on the product. The Company estimates the costs that may be incurred under its warranty and records a liability in the amount of such costs at the time product revenue is recognized. Factors that affect the Company's warranty liability include the number of units sold, historical rates of warranty claims and cost per claim. The Company periodically assesses the adequacy of its recorded warranty liability and adjusts the amounts as necessary. As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company’s accrued warranty liability was $86.
 
Common Stock Purchase Warrants and Other Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company classifies common stock purchase warrants and other free standing derivative financial instruments as equity if the contracts (i) require physical settlement or net-share settlement or (ii) give the Company a choice of net-cash settlement or settlement in its own shares (physical settlement or net-share settlement). The Company classifies any contracts that (i) require net-cash settlement (including a requirement to net cash settle the contract if an event occurs and if that event is outside the control of the Company), (ii) give the counterparty a choice of net-cash settlement or settlement in shares (physical settlement or net-share settlement), or (iii) contain reset provisions as either an asset or a liability. The Company assesses classification of its freestanding derivatives at each reporting date to determine whether a change in classification between assets and liabilities is required. The Company determined that certain freestanding derivatives, which principally consist of issuance of warrants to purchase shares of common in connection with convertible notes, units and to employees of the Company, satisfy the criteria for classification as equity instruments as these warrants do not contain cash settlement features or variable settlement provision that cause them to not be indexed to the Company’s own stock.
  
Stock-Based Compensation

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC No. 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation ("ASC No. 718"). Under ASC No. 718, compensation expense related to stock-based payments is recorded over the requisite service period based on the grant date fair value of the awards.  Compensation previously recorded for unvested stock options that are forfeited is reversed upon forfeiture.  The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model for determining the estimated fair value for stock-based awards.  The Black-Scholes model requires the use of assumptions which determine the fair value of stock-based awards, including the option’s expected term and the price volatility of the underlying stock.

The Company’s accounting policy for equity instruments issued to consultants and vendors in exchange for goods and services follows the provisions of ASC No. 505-50, Equity Based Payments to Non-Employees.  Accordingly, the measurement date for the fair value of the equity instruments issued is determined at the earlier of (i) the date at which a commitment for performance by the consultant or vendor is reached or (ii) the date at which the consultant or vendor’s performance is complete.  In the case of equity instruments issued to consultants, the fair value of the equity instrument is recognized over the term of the consulting agreement.

Convertible Instruments

The Company accounts for hybrid contracts that feature conversion options in accordance with ASC No. 815, Derivatives and Hedging Activities (“ASC No. 815”). ASC No. 815 requires companies to bifurcate conversion options from their host instruments and account for them as freestanding derivative financial instruments according to certain criteria. The criteria includes circumstances in which (a) the economic characteristics and risks of the embedded derivative instrument are not clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract, (b) the hybrid instrument that embodies both the embedded derivative instrument and the host contract is not re-measured at fair value under otherwise applicable GAAP with changes in fair value reported in earnings as they occur and (c) a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative instrument would be considered a derivative instrument.
 
10


DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 


 
Conversion options that contain variable settlement features such as provisions to adjust the conversion price upon subsequent issuances of equity or equity linked securities at exercise prices more favorable than that featured in the hybrid contract generally result in their bifurcation from the host instrument.
 
The Company accounts for convertible instruments, when the Company has determined that the embedded conversion options should not be bifurcated from their host instruments, in accordance with ASC No. 470-20, Debt with Conversion and Other Options (“ASC No. 470-20”). Under ASC No. 470-20 the Company records, when necessary, discounts to convertible notes for the intrinsic value of conversion options embedded in debt instruments based upon the differences between the fair value of the underlying common stock at the commitment date of the note transaction and the effective conversion price embedded in the note. The Company accounts for convertible instruments (when the Company has determined that the embedded conversion options should be bifurcated from their host instruments) in accordance with ASC No. 815.
  
Comprehensive Loss

The Company reports comprehensive loss in accordance with ASC No. 220, Comprehensive Income. This statement establishes standards for the reporting and presentation of comprehensive loss and its components in a full set of general purpose financial statements. Comprehensive loss generally represents all changes in equity during the period except those resulting from investments by, or distributions to, stockholders. The Company determined that its items of other comprehensive loss relate to changes in foreign currency translation adjustments.

Fair value of Financial Instruments

In accordance with ASC No. 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received for the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date.
 
The guidance also establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company’s assumptions about the factors that market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability. The guidance establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

Level 1: Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2: Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or model-derived valuations.  All significant inputs used in our valuations are observable or can be derived principally from or corroborated with observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs also include quoted prices that were adjusted for security-specific restrictions which are compared to output from internally developed models such as a discounted cash flow models.

Level 3: Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
 

11


DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
The carrying amounts of financial instruments carried at cost, including cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables and trade receivable – related party, investments, notes receivable, trade payables and trade payables – related party approximate their fair value due to the short-term maturities of such instruments.
 
As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the fair value of the Company’s investments were $3,782 and $1,036, respectively, and were concentrated in debt and equity securities of AVLP, a related party (See Note 4), which are classified as available-for-sale investments.  At September 30, 2017, the Company's investment in AVLP is comprised of convertible promissory notes of $3,670, net of unamortized discount, and marketable equity securities of $112. At December 31, 2016, the Company's investment in AVLP is comprised of convertible promissory notes of $952, net of unamortized discount, and marketable equity securities of $84. For investments in marketable equity securities, the Company took into consideration general market conditions, the duration and extent to which the fair value is below cost, and the Company’s ability and intent to hold the investment for a sufficient period of time to allow for recovery of value in the foreseeable future. As a result of this analysis, the Company has determined that its cost basis in AVLP equitable securities approximates the current fair value.
 
Consistent with the guidance at ASC No. 835, the Company’s presumption is that the fair value of its convertible promissory notes in AVLP have a present value equivalent to the cash proceeds exchanged. Further, the discount shall be reported in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the face amount of the convertible promissory notes. Thus, the Company has determined that the amortized cost of its convertible promissory notes approximates fair value and are subject to a periodic impairment review. The interest income, including amortization of the discount arising at acquisition, for the convertible promissory notes are included in earnings. In the future, if the Company does not expect to recover the entire amortized cost basis, the Company shall recognize other-than-temporary impairments in other comprehensive income (loss).
 
During 2017, the Company purchased at the market shares of common stock of three companies for a total cost of $25. In accordance with ASC No. 320-10, these investments are accounted for pursuant to the fair value method based upon the closing market prices of common stock for these three companies at September 30, 2017.
 
The categorization of a financial instrument within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The following table sets forth the Company’s financial instruments that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy:
 
   
Fair Value Measurement at September 30, 2017
 
   
Total
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
 
Investments – AVLP – a related party
 
$
3,782
   
$
112
   
$
3,670
   
$
 
                                 
Investments in other companies
 
$
25
   
$
25
   
$
   
$
 
       
   
Fair Value Measurement at December 31, 2016
 
   
Total
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
 
Investments – AVLP – a related party
 
$
1,036
   
$
84
   
$
952
   
$
 
 
We assess the inputs used to measure fair value using a three-tier hierarchy based on the extent to which inputs used in measuring fair value are observable in the market:
 
·
Level 1 – inputs include quoted prices for identical instruments and are the most observable.
·
Level 2 – inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and observable inputs such as interest rates, currency exchange rates and yield curves.
·
Level 3 – inputs are not observable in the market and include management’s judgments about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.
 
12

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 

Debt Discounts
 
The Company accounts for debt discount according to ASC No. 470-20, Debt with Conversion and Other Options. Debt discounts are amortized through periodic charges to interest expense over the term of the related financial instrument using the effective interest method. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recorded amortization of debt discounts of $652 and $1,239, respectively. The Company did not recognize any debt discount during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016.
 
Net Loss per Share

Net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. The calculation of the basic and diluted earnings per share is the same for all periods presented, as the effect of the potential common stock equivalents is anti-dilutive due to the Company’s net loss position for all periods presented. The Company has included 317,460 warrants, with an exercise price of $.01, in its earnings per share calculation for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017.  Anti-dilutive securities consisted of the following at September 30,

   
2017
   
2016
 
Stock options
   
2,891,000
     
1,001,000
 
Warrants
   
10,233,199
     
 
Convertible notes
   
3,157,576
     
 
Conversion of preferred stock
   
4,606,131
     
 
Total
   
20,887,906
     
1,001,000
 
 
At September 30, 2017, the 20,887,906 of potential common stock equivalents included 6,926,095 in warrants, convertible notes and preferred stock in which the holders are contractually prohibited from exercising or converting the warrants, convertible notes and preferred stock into shares of the Company’s common stock. The restriction shall remain until shareholder approval is received.

Subsequent to September 30, 2017, the Company entered into agreements to issue an additional 2,042,239 shares of common stock and issued convertible notes and warrants that when exercised would result in the issuance of an additional 2,274,800 shares of common stock. As a result, on November 2, 2017, if all of the potential common stock equivalents in which there are no contractual restrictions upon exercise were converted into shares of the Company’s common stock it would exceed the Company’s authorized shares of common stock.
 
Recently Issued Accounting Standards

The Company has considered all other recently issued accounting standards and does not believe the adoption of such standards will have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

4. INVESTMENTS – RELATED PARTIES

Investments in AVLP at September 30, 2017, and December 31, 2016, are comprised of the following:
 
   
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
Investment in convertible promissory note of AVLP
 
$
3,797
   
$
997
 
Investment in common stock of AVLP
   
112
     
84
 
Total investment in AVLP P – Gross
   
3,909
     
1,081
 
Less: original issue discount
   
(127
)
   
(45
)
Total investment in AVLP P – Net
 
$
3,782
   
$
1,036
 
 
13

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 


 
 
During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company made a strategic decision to invest in AVLP, a related party controlled by Philou, an existing majority stockholder. The Company’s investments in AVLP primarily consist of convertible promissory notes and shares of common stock of AVLP.
 
On October 5, 2016, November 30, 2016, and February 22, 2017, the Company entered into three 12% Convertible Promissory Notes with AVLP (the "AVLP Notes") in the principal amount of $525 each. The AVLP Notes included a 5% original issue discount, resulting in net loans to AVLP of $1,500 and an original issue discount of $75. The AVLP notes accrued interest at 12% per annum and were due on or before two years from the origination dates of each note. The Company had the right, at its option, to convert all or any portion of the principal and accrued interest into shares of common stock of AVLP at approximately $0.74536 per share. Subject to adjustment, the AVLP Notes, inclusive of the original issue discount, were convertible into 2,113,086 shares of the Company’s common stock. During the period from March 29, 2017 to August 16, 2017, the Company funded $1,809 in excess of the $1,500 net loan amount required pursuant to the terms of the AVLP Notes

On September 6, 2017, the Company and AVLP entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (“AVLP Loan Agreement”) with an effective date of August 21, 2017 pursuant to which the Company will provide Avalanche a non-revolving credit facility of up to $5,000, inclusive of prior amounts loaned to AVLP, for a period ending on August 21, 2019, subject to the terms and conditions stated in the Loan Agreement, including that the Company having available funds to grant such credit.

In consideration of entering into the AVLP Loan Agreement, the Company and AVLP cancelled the AVLP Notes and consolidated the AVLP Notes and prior advances totaling $3,309 plus original issue discount of $165 and issued a new Convertible Promissory Note in the aggregate principal amount of $3,474 (the “New Note”) that is convertible into shares of AVLP at a conversion price of $0.50 per share. The New Note is due in two years and accrues interest at 12% per annum on the principal amount. Prior interest accrued under the AVLP Notes and advances will continue to be an obligation of AVLP. The New Note contains standard events of defaults. In addition, concurrent to issuing the New Note, AVLP issued to the Company a five-year Warrant to purchase 6,948,800 shares of AVLP Common Stock at $0.50 per share. Future advances under the AVLP Loan Agreement, if any, will be evidenced by a convertible promissory containing a conversion price feature at $0.50 per share and warrant with an exercise price of $0.50 per share. Further, under the terms of the AVLP Loan Agreement, any notes issued by AVLP are secured by the assets of AVLP.
 
The Warrant entitles the Company to purchase up to 6,948,800 shares of AVLP common stock at an exercise price of $0.50 per share for a period of five years. The exercise price of $0.50 is subject to adjustment for customary stock splits, stock dividends, combinations or similar events. The Warrant may be exercised for cash or on a cashless basis.

The original issue discount of $165 on the New Note is being amortized as interest income through the maturity date using the interest rate method. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recorded $18 and $38, respectively, of interest income for the discount accretion. As of September 30, 2017, and December 31, 2016, the Company recorded contractual interest receivable attributed to the AVLP Notes and AVLP Loan Agreement of $208 and $13, respectively.

The Company has classified the AVLP Notes as Available-for-Sale securities, subject to the guidance in ASC No. 320. The Company elected to apply the Fair Value Option Subsections of Subtopic 320-10 and 825-10 to the AVLP Notes. At September 30, 2017, the closing market price of AVLP’s common Stock was $0.64. Subsequent to quarter-end, the closing market price of AVLP’s common stock was in the range of $0.51 and $ 0.85 and due to the illiquidity and significant volatility of AVLP’s common stock, the Company has determined that its cost basis in AVLP common stock approximates the current fair value.
 
14

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
The Company has concluded that indicators of impairment, including those described in ASC No. 320-10-35-27, do not currently exist for the Company’s investment in debt and equity securities of AVLP.

5. ACQUISITIONS

Microphase Corporation

On April 28, 2017, the Company entered into a Share Exchange Agreement (the “Share Exchange Agreement”) with Microphase; Microphase Holding Company LLC, a limited liability company organized under the laws of Connecticut (“MHC”), Ergul Family Limited Partnership, a partnership organized under the laws of Connecticut (“EFLP”) RCKJ Trust, a trust organized under the laws of New Jersey (“RCKJ” and with MHC and EFLP, the “Significant Stockholders”) and those additional persons who have executed the Agreement (collectively, the “Minority Stockholders” and with the Significant Stockholders, the “Stockholders”).  Upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Agreement, the Company acquired 1,603,434 shares (the “Subject Shares”) of the issued and outstanding common stock of Microphase (the “MPC Common Stock”), from the Stockholders in exchange (the “Exchange”) for the issuance by the Company of 1,842,448 shares of Digital Power common stock (“Common Stock”) and 378,776 shares of Digital Power Series D Preferred Stock (collectively, the “Exchange Shares”), which shares of Digital Power Series D Preferred Stock are, subject to shareholder approval, convertible into an aggregate of 757,552 shares of Common Stock and warrants (the “Exchange Warrants”) to purchase an aggregate of 1,000,000 shares of Common Stock (the “Warrant Shares”).  The Exchange Shares and the Exchange Warrants are at times collectively referred to herein as the “Exchange Securities.” At the time of the closing of the acquisition the Exchange Shares constituted 56.4% of the outstanding equity interests of Microphase Corporation. The operating results of Microphase from the closing date of the acquisition, June 2, 2017, through September 30, 2017, are included in the consolidated financial statements.

At closing, the purchase price of Digital Power’s 56.4% interest in Microphase was determined to be $1,451, comprised of the Exchange Shares, valued at $1,222 based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on June 2, 2017, and the Exchange warrants, valued at $229. The Company computed the fair value of these warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

Power-Plus Technical Distributors

On August 3, 2017, Coolisys entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) to acquire all the outstanding membership Interests of Power-Plus. Power-Plus is an industrial distributor of value added power supply solutions, UPS systems, fans, filters, line cords, and other power-related components. On September 1, 2017, Coolisys completed the acquisition.

Under the terms of the Agreement, Coolisys Technologies acquired all the membership Interests of Power-Plus for a price of $850, which was reduced by certain debts of Power-Plus in the amount of $186. The purchase price of $664 will be paid by (i) a two-year promissory note in the amount of $255,000 payable in 24 monthly installments; and (ii) cash at closing of $409 resulting in a net purchase price of $664.

The acquisition of Microphase and Power-Plus is being accounted for under the purchase method of accounting in accordance with ASC No. 805, Business Combinations. Under the purchase method, assets acquired and liabilities assumed are recorded at their estimated fair values. Goodwill is recorded to the extent the purchase price exceeds the fair value of the net identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired less liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition.
 
15

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
Upon initial measurement, components of the purchase price are as follows:
 
   
Microphase
   
Power-Plus
 
             
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
11
   
$
27
 
Accounts receivable
   
439
     
235
 
Inventories
   
667
     
241
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
139
     
2
 
Restricted cash
   
100
     
 
Intangible assets
   
95
     
250
 
Property and equipment
   
93
     
23
 
Other investments
   
303
     
 
Deposits and loans
   
44
     
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
   
(1,680
)
   
(392
)
Revolving credit facility
   
(880
)
   
(210
)
Notes payable
   
(2,204
)
   
 
Notes payable, related parties
   
(406
)
   
 
Other current liabilities
   
(327
)
   
 
Net liabilities assumed/assets acquired
   
(3,606
)
   
176
 
Goodwill and other intangibles
   
6,002
     
488
 
Non-controlling interest
   
(945
)
   
 
Purchase price
 
$
1,451
   
$
664
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The following pro forma data summarizes the results of operations for the periods indicated as if the Microphase and Power-Plus acquisitions had been completed as of the beginning of each period presented. The pro forma data gives effect to actual operating results prior to the acquisition. These pro forma amounts do not purport to be indicative of the results that would have actually been obtained if the acquisition occurred as of the beginning of each period presented or that may be obtained in future periods:
 
   
For the Three Months Ended
   
For the Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
   
2017
   
2016
   
2017
   
2016
 
                         
Revenue
 
$
3,583
   
$
3,751
   
$
10,329
   
$
12,692
 
                                 
Net loss
 
$
(2,277
)
 
$
(711
)
 
$
(4,820
)
 
$
(1,742
)
                                 
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest
   
103
     
290
     
103
     
714
 
                                 
Net loss attributable to Digital Power Corp
 
$
(2,144
)
 
$
(421
)
 
$
(4,717
)
 
$
(1,028
)
                                 
Preferred deemed dividends
   
     
     
(319
)
   
 
Preferred dividends
   
(27
)
   
     
(35
)
   
 
                                 
Loss available to common shareholders
 
$
(2,171
)
 
$
(421
)
 
$
(5,071
)
 
$
(1,028
)
                                 
Basic and diluted net loss per common share
 
$
(0.14
)
 
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.40
)
 
$
(0.12
)
                                 
Basic and diluted weighted average common shares
outstanding
   
15,587,988
     
8,618,419
     
12,727,396
     
8,618,419
 
                                 
Comprehensive Loss
                               
Loss available to common shareholders
 
$
(2,171
)
 
$
(421
)
 
$
(5,071
)
 
$
(1,028
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
                               
Change in net foreign currency translation adjustments
   
42
     
(55
)
   
141
     
(265
)
Net unrealized gain (loss) on securities available-for-
sale, net of income taxes
   
(43
)
   
186
     
(43
)
   
204
 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
   
(1
)
   
131
   
98
     
(61
)
Total Comprehensive loss
 
$
(2,172
)
 
$
(290
)
 
$
(4,973
)
 
$
(1,089
)
 
16

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
6. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
 
Under the Company's 2016 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”) and the 2012 Stock Option Plan, as amended (the “2012 Plan”) (collectively, the “Plans”), options may be granted to employees, officers, consultants, service providers and directors of the Company. The Plans, as amended, provide for the issuance of a maximum of 5,372,630 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company also has 206,000 outstanding options that were granted between 2009 and 2011 pursuant to the terms of the Company's 2002 Stock Option Plan (the “2002 Plan”). Options granted pursuant to the 2002 Plan expire between September 2008 and February 2021.

Options granted under the Plans have an exercise price equal to or greater than the fair value of the underlying common stock at the date of grant and become exercisable based on a vesting schedule determined at the date of grant. Typically, options granted generally become fully vested after four years. Any options that are forfeited or cancelled before expiration become available for future grants. The options expire between 5 and 10 years from the date of grant.  Restricted stock awards granted under the Plans are subject to a vesting period determined at the date of grant. As of September 30, 2017, an aggregate of 1,350,832 of the Company's options are still available for future grant.
 
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company granted 50,000 and 560,000 options, respectively, from the Plans to its employees at an average exercise price of $0.61 per share.  These options become fully vested after four years. The Company estimated that the grant date fair value of these options was $251, which is being recognized as stock-based compensation expense over the requisite four-year service period. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company also issued 380,645 and 1,336,798, respectively, shares of common stock to its consultants and service providers pursuant to the 2016 Plan. The Company estimated that the grant date fair value of these shares of common stock was $742, which was determined from the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance. The Company did not grant any options or restricted stock awards during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016.
 
The Company has valued the options at their date of grant utilizing the Black-Scholes option pricing model.  This model is dependent upon several variables such as the options’ term, exercise price, current stock price, risk-free interest rate estimated over the expected term and estimated volatility of our stock over the expected term of the options. The risk-free interest rate used in the calculations is based on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury issues with an equivalent term approximating the expected life of the options as calculated using the simplified method. The estimated volatility was determined based on the historical volatility of our common stock.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company estimated the fair value of stock options granted using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions:
 
   
September 30, 2017
 
Weighted average risk free interest rate
   
1.73% — 2.14
%
Weighted average life (in years)
   
5.0
 
Volatility
   
98.41% — 107.22
%
Expected dividend yield
   
0
%
Weighted average grant-date fair value per share of options granted
 
$
0.45
 
 
17

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
The options outstanding as of September 30, 2017, have been classified by exercise price, as follows:

Outstanding
   
Exercisable
 
         
Weighted
                   
         
Average
   
Weighted
         
Weighted
 
         
Remaining
   
Average
         
Average
 
Exercise
 
Number
   
Contractual
   
Exercise
   
Number
   
Exercise
 
Price
 
Outstanding
   
Life (Years)
   
Price
   
Exercisable
   
Price
 
$0.57 - $0.79
   
2,425,000
     
9.14
   
$
0.66
     
1,249,167
   
$
0.66
 
$1.10 - $1.32
   
25,000
     
6.10
   
$
1.28
     
20,000
   
$
1.27
 
$1.51 - $1.69
   
441,000
     
5.11
   
$
1.61
     
378,500
   
$
1.60
 
                                         
$0.57 - 1.69
   
2,891,000
     
8.50
   
$
1.10
     
1,647,667
   
$
0.88
 
 
 
 
The total stock-based compensation expense related to stock options and restricted stock awards issued pursuant to the Plans to the Company’s employees, consultants and directors, included in reported net loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, is comprised as follows:
 
   
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
Sept. 30, 2017
   
Sept. 30, 2016
   
Sept. 30, 2017
   
Sept. 30, 2016
 
Cost of revenues
 
$
2
   
$
1
   
$
6
   
$
5
 
Engineering and product development
   
6
     
1
     
20
     
3
 
Selling and marketing
   
8
     
5
     
18
     
13
 
General and administrative
   
349
     
35
     
1,017
     
108
 
                                 
Stock-based compensation from Plans
   
365
     
42
     
1,061
     
129
 
                                 
Stock-based compensation from
issuances outside of Plans
   
152
     
     
208
     
 
Total stock-based compensation
 
$
517
   
$
42
   
$
1,269
   
$
129
 
 
The combination of stock-based compensation of $1,061 from the issuances of equity based awards pursuant to the Plans and stock-based compensation attributed to restricted stock awards of $130 and warrants and options of $78, which were issued outside of the Plans, resulted in aggregate stock-based compensation of $1,269 during the nine months ended September 30, 2017. During the three months ended September 30, 2017, aggregate stock-based compensation was $517, which consisted of $365 from the issuances of equity based awards pursuant to the Plans and stock-based compensation attributed to restricted stock award of $120 warrants and options of $32, which were issued outside of the Plans. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the only stock-based compensation expense was from issuances pursuant to the Plans.
 
18

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 

A summary of option activity under the Company's stock option plans as of September 30, 2017, and changes during the nine months ended are as follows:
 
         
Outstanding Options
 
                     
Weighted
       
               
Weighted
   
Average
       
   
Shares
         
Average
   
Remaining
   
Aggregate
 
   
Available
   
Number
   
Exercise
   
Contractual
   
Intrinsic
 
   
for Grant
   
of Shares
   
Price
   
Life (years)
   
Value
 
                               
December 31, 2016
   
3,247,630
     
2,331,000
   
$
0.83
     
9.08
   
$
0
 
Restricted stock awards
   
(1,336,798
)
                               
Grants
   
(510,000
)
   
560,000
   
$
0.61
                 
                                         
September 30, 2017
   
1,350,832
     
2,891,000
   
$
0.81
     
8.50
   
$
0
 

The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total intrinsic value (the difference between the Company's closing stock price on September 30, 2017, $0.55 and the exercise price, multiplied by the number of in-the-money-options).
 
As of September 30, 2017, there was $425 of unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock-based compensation arrangements granted under the Company's stock option plans. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.3 years.
 
7. WARRANTS 
 
During the nine months and ended September 30, 2017, the Company issued a total of 8,484,073 warrants, at an average exercise price of $0.81 per share.  Warrant issuances during the current quarter ended September 30, 2017, included:
 
(i)
On April 17, 2017, the Company issued warrants to purchase 166,668 shares of common stock, at an exercise price of $0.90 per share of common stock, in connection with the issuance of two 7% convertible notes in the aggregate principal amount of $250. On July 25, 2017, the Company agreed to reduce the exercise price of warrants to purchase 83,334 shares of common stock from $0.90 per share to $0.55 per share and on July 28, 2017, the Company issued a new warrant to purchase 83,334 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share and cancelled the prior warrant to purchase 83,334 shares of common stock at $0.90 per share (See Note 12).
 
(ii)
On July 25, 2017, we issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 163,636 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to $0.55 per share in connection with a private placement agreement under which we issued and sold 272,727 shares of common stock to the investor at $0.55 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $150. At that time, we also issued warrants to purchase 109,090 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to $0.75 per share to two investors that purchased shares of our common stock at $0.55 per share pursuant to subscription agreements (See Note 14).
 
19

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
(iii)
On July 28, 2017, we entered into an exchange agreement related to a 7% Convertible Note in the principal amount of $125 in which we exchanged the 7% Convertible Note for three new promissory notes in the principal amounts of $110,000 due August 1, 2017; $35,000 due August 1, 2017; and $34,000 due August 8, 2017 (individually an Exchange Note and collectively the Exchange Notes). Concurrent with entering into the exchange agreement, the investor entered into a subscription agreement under which we issued and sold in a registered direct offering 200,000 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $110,000. The 200,000 shares of common stock were purchased through the cancellation of the Exchange Note in the principal amount of $110,000. Further, we issued a warrant to purchase 120,000 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share (See Note 12).
 
(iv)
On August 3, 2017, we issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 666,666 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to $0.70 per share in connection with the issuance of a 12% Convertible Promissory Note in the aggregate principal amount of $400 (See Note 12). 
 
(v)
On August 10, 2017, we issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 1,475,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to $0.66 per share in connection with the issuance of 10% Convertible Promissory Notes in the aggregate principal amount of $880 (See Note 12).
 
(vi)
On August 23, 2017, the Company issued warrants to purchase 272,727 shares of common stock at an exercise price equal to $0.65 per share in connection with entering into securities purchase agreements to issue and sell 272,727 shares of common stock at to the investors at $0.55 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $150. The common stock has yet to be issued and is subject to approval from the NYSE American prior to issuance, which had not been received at September 30, 2017.
 
 
The following table summarizes information about common stock warrants outstanding at September 30, 2017:

Outstanding
         
Exercisable
 
         
Weighted
                   
         
Average
   
Weighted
         
Weighted
 
         
Remaining
   
Average
         
Average
 
Exercise
 
Number
   
Contractual
   
Exercise
   
Number
   
Exercise
 
Price
 
Outstanding
   
Life (Years)
   
Price
   
Exercisable
   
Price
 
$0.01
   
317,460
     
9.09
   
$
0.01
     
79,364
   
$
0.01
 
$0.55
   
450,304
     
5.05
   
$
0.55
     
     
 
$0.65
   
272,727
     
2.90
   
$
0.65
     
     
 
$0.66
   
1,475,000
     
4.86
   
$
0.66
     
1,475,000
   
$
0.66
 
$0.70
   
2,428,571
     
4.92
   
$
0.70
     
690,476
   
$
0.70
 
$0.72
   
182,003
     
4.72
   
$
0.72
     
     
 
$0.75
   
244,999
     
4.69
   
$
0.75
     
     
 
$0.80
   
1,415,128
     
2.55
   
$
0.80
     
1,166,666
   
$
0.80
 
$0.90
   
445,002
     
3.05
   
$
0.90
     
265,000
   
$
0.90
 
$1.00
   
2,002,005
     
4.68
   
$
1.00
     
     
 
$1.10
   
1,000,000
     
2.67
   
$
1.10
     
     
 
                                         
$0.01 - 1.10
   
10,233,199
     
4.26
   
$
0.79
     
3,676,506
   
$
0.32
 
 
20

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
The Company has valued the warrants at their date of grant utilizing the Black-Scholes option pricing model.  This model is dependent upon several variables such as the warrants’ term, exercise price, current stock price, risk-free interest rate and estimated volatility of our stock over the contractual term of the options. The risk-free interest rate used in the calculations is based on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury issues with an equivalent term approximating the contractual life of the warrants.

The Company utilized the Black-Scholes option pricing model and the assumptions used during the nine months ended September 30, 2017:
 
   
September 30, 2017
 
Weighted average risk free interest rate
   
1.42% — 2.01
%
Weighted average life (in years)
   
4.9
 
Volatility
   
98.5% — 107.5
%
Expected dividend yield
   
0
%
Weighted average grant-date fair value per
share of warrants granted
 
$
0.41
 
 
 
8. ADVANCES ON FUTURE RECEIPTS

Between July 6, 2017 and September 13, 2017, the Company received funding as a result of entering into multiple Agreements for the Purchase and Sale of Future Receipts with TVT Capital, LLC pursuant to which the Company sold in the aggregate $2,585 in future receipts of the Company for $1,772. Under the terms of the agreements, the Company will be obligated to pay the initial daily amount of $13 until the $2,585 has been paid in full. As of September 30, 2017, the Company had paid back $439. The term future receipts means cash, check, ACH, credit card, debit card, bank card, charged card or other form of monetary payment. The Company recorded a discount in the amount of $813. The discount is being amortized as non-cash interest expense over the term of the agreement. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, non-cash interest expense of $142 was recorded from the amortization of debt discounts.

9. REVOLVING CREDIT FACILITY

Microphase entered into a revolving loan agreement with Gerber Finance, Inc. (“Gerber”) in February of 2012, as amended in September 2015 and July 2017 (the “Revolving Credit Facility”). Under the Revolving Credit Facility, Microphase can receive funds based on a borrowing base, which consists of a percentage of eligible accounts receivable, up to a maximum revolving amount of $1,400 (the “Maximum Revolving Amount”). Pursuant to the terms of the Revolving Credit Facility, Microphase is subject to an annual facility fee in an amount equal to 1.75% of the Maximum Revolving Amount due on each anniversary, a monthly collateral monitoring fees of $1 and other fees. Interest accrues at the prime rate plus three and three-quarters percent (3.75%) on the unpaid principal. Effective June 15, 2017, the prime rate was increased from 4.00% to 4.25% resulting in a base rate of 8.00%. If borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility exceed the collateral borrowing base, then Microphase is subject to an additional 2.5% interest charge per month on the over-advance amounts and a separate additional charge of 2.5% if borrowings exceed the Maximum Revolving Amount. At September 30, 2017, the amount due pursuant to the Revolving Credit Facility, was $310. The interest expense for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and for the period from June 3, 2017 (date loan was assumed) to September 30, 2017, was $35 and $49, respectively.
 
21

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 

On July 14, 2017, as a result of a notice that Microphase received from Gerber identifying several events of default under the terms of the Revolving Credit Facility, Microphase and Gerber entered into a Forbearance Agreement. The events of default were primarily related to, (i) the change in control that occurred on June 2, 2017, when Digital Power acquired a majority interest in Microphase, and (ii) borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility exceeding the collateral borrowing base. The Forbearance agreement accelerated the repayment of borrowings that were secured by inventories and equipment until such borrowings were repaid and required the Company to provide a corporate guarantee for amounts advanced under the Revolving Credit Facility, which guarantee was provided on July 20, 2017. As of September 30, 2017, approximately $65 of borrowings subject to acceleration remained outstanding on the Revolving Credit Facility.
 
10.  NOTES PAYABLE

Notes Payable at September 30, 2017, are comprised of the following. At December 31, 2016 the Company did not have any Notes Payable.

   
September 30,
 
   
2017
 
10% short-term promissory notes (a)
 
$
705
 
Notes payable to Lucosky Brookman, LLP (b)
   
450
 
Notes payable to Wells Fargo (c)
   
304
 
Note payable to Department of Economic and
Community Development (d)
   
298
 
Note payable to People's United Bank ( e)
   
19
 
Power-Plus Credit Facilities (f)
   
182
 
Note payable to Power-Plus Member (g)
   
255
 
Other short-term notes payable (h)
   
55
 
Total notes payable
   
2,268
 
Less: current portion
   
(1,609
)
Notes payable – long-term portion
 
$
659
 
 
(a)
In December 2016, Microphase issued $705 in 10% short-term promissory notes to nineteen accredited investors which, after deducting $71 of placement fees to its selling agent, Spartan Capital Securities, LLC (“Spartan”), resulted in $634 in net proceeds to Microphase (the “10% Short-Term Notes”). The 10% Short-Term Notes are due one year from the date of issuance. The amount due pursuant to the 10% Short-Term Notes is equal to the entire original principal amount multiplied by 125% (the “Loan Premium”) plus accrued interest. During the three months ended September 30, 2017 and the period June 3, 2017 to September 30, 2017, Microphase incurred $19 and $25, respectively, of interest on these 10% short-term promissory notes. Concurrently, Microphase entered into a one-year agreement with Spartan for investment banking services which provided for: (i) $120 of consulting fees that were paid in cash from the proceeds of the 10% Short-Term Notes; and (ii) if Microphase completes an initial public offering, $90 payable in shares of Microphase common stock. As of September 30, 2017, accrued interest on the 10% Short-Term Notes was $237.

(b) On June 2, 2017, pursuant to the terms of the Share Exchange Agreement and in consideration of legal services, Microphase issued a $450 8% promissory note with a maturity date of November 25, 2017 to Lucosky Brookman, LLP (the “Lucosky Note”). In conjunction with the issuance of the Lucosky Note, the Company issued Lucosky Brookman 10,000 shares of redeemable convertible Series E preferred stock (the “Series E Preferred Stock”) with a stated value of $45 per share as an alternative to providing a guarantee for the amount of the Lucosky Note. The Company, at its option, may redeem for cash, in whole or in part, at any time and from time to time, the shares of Series E Preferred Stock at the time outstanding, upon written notice to the holder of the shares, at a cash redemption price equal to $45 multiplied by the number of shares being redeemed. Any such optional redemption by the Company shall be credited against the Lucosky Note. During the three months ended September 30, 2017 and the period June 3, 2017 to September 30, 2017, Microphase incurred $3 and $6, respectively, of interest on the Lucosky Note. As of September 30, 2017, accrued interest on the Lucosky Note was $6.
 
22

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
(c) At September 30, 2017, Microphase had guaranteed the repayment of two equity lines of credit in the aggregate amount of $304 with Wells Fargo Bank, NA (“Wells Fargo”) (collectively, the “Wells Fargo Notes”). Microphase had previously guaranteed the payment under the first Wells Fargo equity line during 2008, the proceeds of which Microphase had received from a concurrent loan from Edson Realty Inc., a related party owned real estate holding company. As of September 30, 2017, the first line of credit, which is secured by residential real estate owned by a former officer, had an outstanding balance of $214, with an annual interest rate of 4.00%. Microphase had guaranteed the payment under the second Wells Fargo equity line in 2014. Microphase had received working capital loans from the former CEO from funds that were drawn against the second Wells Fargo equity line. As of September 30, 2017, the second line of credit, secured by the former CEO’s principal residence, had an outstanding balance of $90, with an annual interest rate of 3.00%. During the three months ended September 30, 2017 and the period June 3, 2017 to September 30, 2017, Microphase incurred $3 and $4, respectively, of interest on the Wells Fargo Notes.

(d)
In August 2016, Microphase received a $300 loan, of which $2 has been repaid, pursuant to the State of Connecticut Small Business Express Job Creation Incentive Program which is administered through the Department of Economic and Community Development (“DECD”) (the “DECD Note”). The DECD Note bears interest at a rate of 3% per annum and is due in August 2026. Payment of principal and interest was deferred during the initial year and commencing in September 2017, payable in equal monthly installments over the remaining term. During the three months ended September 30, 2017 and the period June 3, 2017 to September 30, 2017, Microphase incurred $3 of interest on the DECD Note. In conjunction with the DECD Note, Microphase was awarded a Small Business Express Matching Grant of $100. State grant funding requires a dollar for dollar match on behalf of Microphase. As of June 30, 2017, the Company has utilized $18 of the grant and the balance of $82 is reported within deferred revenue and classified in Accounts payable and accrued in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2017.

(e) In December 2016, Microphase utilized a $20 overdraft credit line at People’s United Bank with an annual interest rate of 15%. As of September 30, 2017, the balance of that overdraft credit line was $19.

(f)
       At September 30, 2017, Power-Plus had guaranteed the repayment of two lines of credit in the aggregate amount of $182 with Bank of America NA (“B of A”) and Wells Fargo (collectively, the “Power-Plus Lines”). As of September 30, 2017, the B of A line of credit had an outstanding balance of $107, with an annual interest rate of 6.25%. As of September 30, 2017, the Wells Fargo line of credit had an outstanding balance of $75, with an annual interest rate of 10.00%. During the period September 2 to September 30, 2017, Power-Plus incurred $1 of interest on the Power-Plus Lines.

(g)
Pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement with Power-Plus, the Company entered into a two-year promissory note in the amount of $255 payable to the former owner as part of the purchase consideration. The $255 note is payable in 24 equal monthly installments.

(h)
Between May 5, 2017 and September 30, 2017, the Company received additional short-term loans of $215 from five accredited investors, of which $75 was from the Company’s corporate counsel, a related party. As additional consideration, the investors received five-year warrants to purchase 224,371 shares of common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $0.77 per share. The warrants are exercisable commencing six months after the issuance date and are subject to certain beneficial ownership limitations. The exercise price of these warrants is subject to adjustment for customary stock splits, stock dividends, combinations and other standard anti-dilution events. The warrants may be exercised for cash or on a cashless basis. During the quarter ended June 30, 2017, the Company recorded debt discount in the amount of $95 based on the estimated fair value of these warrants. The Company computed the fair value of these warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. As a result of the short-term feature of these loans and advances, the debt discount was amortized as non-cash interest expense upon issuance of the warrants using the effective interest method.
 
23

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
During June 2017, the holders of $55 of these short-term loans agreed to cancel their notes for the purchase of 100,001 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $0.55 per share. An additional $75 in short-term loans from the Company’s corporate counsel was converted into the Company’s equity securities; $52 was converted into one of the Series C Units and $23 was converted into the Company’s common stock. The Company did not record any additional interest expense as a result of the extinguishment of $130 in short-term loans since the carrying amount of the short-term loans was equivalent to the fair value of the consideration transferred, which was determined from the closing price of the Company’s equity securities on the date of extinguishment. During the three months ended September 30, 2017, the Company also repaid $30 in short-term loans.
 
Other Notes Payable

In February 2017, the Company issued to eight accredited investors $400 in demand promissory notes bearing interest at a rate of 6% per annum. Of the eight accredited investors, one investor was deemed a related party. As additional consideration, the investors received five-year warrants to purchase 333,333 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.70 per share (the “Feb. 2017 Warrants”). The Feb. 2017 Warrants are exercisable commencing six months after the issuance date and are subject to certain beneficial ownership limitations. The exercise price of the Feb. 2017 Warrants is subject to adjustment for customary stock splits, stock dividends, combinations and other standard anti-dilution events. The Feb. 2017 Warrants may be exercised for cash or on a cashless basis. During the quarter ended March 31, 2017, the Company recorded debt discount in the amount of $151 based on the estimated fair value of the Feb. 2017 Warrants. The Company computed the fair value of these warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. As a result of the due on demand feature of the promissory notes, the debt discount was amortized as non-cash interest expense upon issuance of the Feb. 2017 Warrants using the effective interest method.

Between February 16, 2017 and February 23, 2017, the holders of the $400 in demand promissory notes agreed to cancel their demand promissory notes for the purchase of 666,667 shares of the Company’s common stock, an extinguishment price of $0.60 per share. During the quarter ended March 31, 2017, the Company recorded additional interest expense of $13 as a result of the extinguishment of the $400 in demand promissory notes based on the difference of the carrying amount of the demand promissory notes and the fair value of the consideration transferred, which was determined from the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of extinguishment.

On March 28, 2017, the Company issued $270 in demand promissory notes to several investors. These demand promissory notes accrued interest at the rate of 6% per annum. The Company received gross proceeds of $220 on March 31, 2017. The remaining balance of $50 was received on April 3, 2017. On April 5, 2017, the Company canceled these promissory notes by issuing to the investors 360,000 shares of common stock, at $0.75 per share, and warrants to purchase 180,002 shares of common stock at $0.90 per share. During the quarter ended June 30, 2017, the Company recorded additional interest expense of $109 as a result of the extinguishment of the $270 in demand promissory notes based on the difference of the carrying amount of the demand promissory notes and the fair value of the consideration transferred, which was determined from the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of extinguishment.
 
24

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
11. NOTES PAYABLE – RELATED PARTIES

Notes Payable – Related parties at September 30, 2017, and December 31, 2016, are comprised of the following:

   
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
Notes payable to MCKEA Holdings, LLC (a)
 
$
   
$
250
 
Notes payable to former officer and employee (b)
   
406
     
 
Total notes payable
   
406
     
250
 
Less: current portion
   
(274
)
   
 
Notes payable – long-term portion
 
$
132
   
$
250
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a) On December 29, 2016, the Company entered into an agreement with MCKEA Holdings, LLC (“MCKEA”). MCKEA is the majority member of Philou Ventures, LLC, which is the Company’s controlling shareholder. Kristine L. Ault, a director and the wife of Milton C. Ault III, Executive Chairman of the Company’s Board of Directors, is the manager and owner of MCKEA, for a demand promissory note (The “MCKEA Note”) in the amount of $250 bearing interest at the rate of 6% per annum on unpaid principal. The MCKEA Note may be prepaid, in whole or in part, without penalty, at the option of the Company and without the consent of MCKEA. As of December 31, 2016, no interest was accrued on the MCKEA Note. On March 24, 2017, the MCKEA Note was cancelled to purchase the Company’s Series B Preferred Stock pursuant to the terms of the Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement entered into on March 9, 2017 (See Note 14). Since there was no difference between the reacquisition price and the net carrying value of the cancelled debt, no gain or loss was recognized as a result of this transaction.

(b) Microphase is a party to several notes payable agreements with seven of its past officers, employees and their family members. As of September 30, 2017, the aggregate outstanding balance pursuant to these notes payable agreements, inclusive of $87 of accrued interest, was $493, with annual interest rates ranging between 3.00% and 6.00%. During the three months ended September 30, 2017 and the period June 3, 2017 to September 30, 2017, Microphase incurred $7 of interest on these notes payable agreements. In July 2016, one of these noteholders initiated litigation to collect the balance owed under the terms of his respective agreement. At September 30, 2017, the outstanding principal balance and accrued interest owed under this particular agreement was $162.

12. CONVERTIBLE NOTES
 
Convertible notes at September 30, 2017, are comprised of the following. At December 31, 2016 the Company did not have any Convertible Notes.
 
   
September 30,
 
   
2017
 
10% Convertible secured notes
 
$
880
 
12% Convertible secured note
   
400
 
Total convertible notes payable
   
1,280
 
Less:
       
Unamortized debt discounts
   
(726
)
Unamortized financing cost
   
(89
)
Total convertible notes payable, net of debt discounts and
financing cost
 
$
465
 
 
12% Convertible secured notes

On August 3, 2017, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (“Agreement”) to sell a 12% Convertible (“Convertible Note”) and a warrant to purchase 666,666 shares of common stock to an accredited investor (the “Investor”). The principal of the Convertible Note may be converted into shares of common stock at $0.55 per share and under the terms of the Warrant, up to 666,666 shares of common stock may be purchased at an exercise price of $0.70 per share.
 
25

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 

The Convertible Note is in the principal amount of $400, included an original issue discount (“OID”) of $40 resulting in net proceeds to the Company of $360, bears interest at 12% simple interest on the principal amount, and is due on August 13, 2018. Interest only payments are due on a quarterly basis and the principal is due on August 3, 2018. The principal may be converted into shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.55 per share.
 
The Company computed the fair value of the 666,666 warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and, as a result of this calculation, recorded debt discount in the amount of $167 based on the estimated fair value of the 666,666 warrants.
 
The beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) embedded in the Convertible Note is accounted for under ASC No. 470, Debt. At issuance, the estimated fair value of the BCF totaled $187. The Company, however, is prohibited from issuing shares of common stock pursuant to the Convertible Note unless stockholder approval of such issuance of securities is obtained as required by applicable NYSE MKT listing rules. The Company has not yet received stockholder approval of such share issuances. The fair value of the BCF was allocated from the net proceeds of the Convertible Note and, upon stockholder approval, if received, will be amortized to interest expense over the term of the Convertible Note using the effective interest method. The valuation of the BCF was calculated based on the effective conversion price compared with the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance of the Convertible Note. In aggregate, the Company recorded debt discount in the amount of $207 based on the relative fair values of the 666,666 warrants and OID of $40. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, non-cash interest expense of $37 was recorded from the amortization of debt discounts.
 
10% Convertible secured note
 
On August 10, 2017, the Company, entered into Securities Purchase Agreements (“Agreements”) with five institutional investors (the “Investors”) to sell for an aggregate purchase price of $800, 10% Senior Convertible Promissory Notes (“Convertible Notes”) with an aggregate principal face amount of $880 and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 1,475,000 shares of common stock. The principal of the Convertible Notes and interest earned thereon may be converted into shares of common stock at $0.60 per share and under the terms of the Warrant, up to 1,475,000 shares of common stock may be purchased at an exercise price of $0.66 per share.
 
The Convertible Notes are in the aggregate principal amount of $880, included an OID of $80 resulting in net proceeds to the Company of $800, bear simple interest at 10% on the principal amount, and principal and interest are due on February 10, 2018. Subject to certain beneficial ownership limitations, each Investor may convert the principal amount of the Convertible Note and accrued interest earned thereon at any time into shares of common stock at $0.60 per share. The conversion price of the Convertible Notes is subject to adjustment for customary stock splits, stock dividends, combinations or similar events.
 
The Company computed the fair value of the 1,475,000 warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and, as a result of this calculation, recorded debt discount in the amount of $357 based on the estimated fair value of the 1,475,000 warrants.
 
The beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) embedded in the Convertible Notes is accounted for under ASC No. 470, Debt. At issuance, the estimated fair value of the BCF totaled $327. The fair value of the BCF was allocated from the net proceeds of the Convertible Notes and was amortized to interest expense over the term of the Convertible Notes using the effective interest method.  The valuation of the BCF was calculated based on the effective conversion price compared with the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance of the Convertible Note. In aggregate, the Company recorded debt discount in the amount of $764 based on the relative fair values of the 1,475,000 warrants of $357, BCF of $327 and OID of $80. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, non-cash interest expense of $212 was recorded from the amortization of debt discounts.
 
26

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
Other Convertible Notes Payable
 
On April 17, 2017, the Company entered into two 7% convertible notes (the “7% Convertible Notes”) each in the aggregate principal amount of $125 for a total of $250. The 7% Convertible Notes accrue interest at 7% simple interest on the principal amount and were due on June 2, 2017. The principal may be converted into shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.75 per share. The noteholder may convert the principal amount of the 7% Convertible Notes at any time into common stock. The 7% Convertible Notes contains standard and customary events of default including, but not limited to, failure to make payments when due under the 7% Convertible Note agreements and bankruptcy or insolvency of the Company. The Company has the right to prepay the 7% Convertible Notes. The 7% Convertible Notes were repaid during July 2017.
 
As additional consideration, the investors received five and a half year warrants to purchase 166,668 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.90 per share (collectively the “7% Convertible Note Warrants”). The 7% Convertible Note Warrants are exercisable commencing six months after the issuance date. The exercise price of the 7% Convertible Note Warrants is subject to adjustment for customary stock splits, stock dividends, combinations and other standard anti-dilution events. The 7% Convertible Note Warrants may be exercised for cash or on a cashless basis. The Company computed the fair value of the 7% Convertible Note Warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and, as a result of this calculation, recorded debt discount in the amount of $61 based on the estimated fair value of the 7% Convertible Note Warrants.
 
The beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) embedded in the 7% Convertible Notes is accounted for under ASC No. 470, Debt. At issuance, the estimated fair value of the BCF totaled $31. The fair value of the BCF was allocated from the net proceeds of the 7% Convertible Note and was amortized to interest expense over the term of the 7% Convertible Notes using the effective interest method.  The valuation of the BCF was calculated based on the effective conversion price compared with the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance of the Convertible Note. In aggregate, the Company recorded debt discount in the amount of $93 based on the relative fair values of the 7% Convertible Note Warrants of $61 and BCF of $32. During the three months ended June 30, 2017, the entire non-cash interest expense of $93 was recorded from the amortization of debt discounts.
 
On July 25, 2017, the Company repaid one of the 7% Convertible Notes. Due to the event of default, the Company agreed to reduce the exercise price of warrants to purchase 83,334 shares of common stock from $0.90 per share to $0.55 per share and made a payment of $144. As a result of this transaction, the Company recorded additional interest expense of $17 and recorded an additional $3 in non-cash interest expense based upon the change in the fair value of the warrants due to the adjustment to the exercise price.
 
On July 28, 2017, we entered into an exchange agreement related to the second 7% Convertible Note. Under the terms of the exchange agreement, we agreed to exchange the 7% Convertible Note for three new promissory notes in the principal amounts of $110,000 due August 1, 2017; $35,000 due August 1, 2017; and $34,000 due August 8, 2017 (individually an Exchange Note and collectively the Exchange Notes) and issue a new warrant to purchase 83,334 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share and cancel the prior warrant to purchase 83,334 shares of common stock at $0.90 per share.
 
Concurrent with entering into the exchange agreement, the investor entered into a subscription agreement under which we issued and sold in a registered direct offering 200,000 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $110,000. The 200,000 shares of common stock were purchased through the cancellation of the Exchange Note in the principal amount of $110,000. In addition, in a concurrent private placement, the investor entered into a separate securities purchase agreement under which we issued and sold 63,600 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share for an aggregate of purchase price of $35,000. The 63,600 shares of common stock were purchased through the cancellation of the Exchange Note in the principal amount of $35,000. Further, we issued a warrant to purchase 120,000 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share. The final Exchange Note in the principal amount of $34 was repaid. During the quarter ended September 30, 2017, the Company recorded additional non-cash interest expense of $110 as a result of the extinguishment of the $125 7% Convertible Note based on the difference of the carrying amount of the 7% Convertible Note and the fair value of the consideration transferred, which was determined from the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of extinguishment and based upon (i) the change in the fair value of the warrants due to the exchange of the warrant with an exercise price of $0.90 per share with a new warrant with an exercise price of $0.55 per share, (ii) the fair value of the warrant to purchase 120,000 shares of common stock and (iii) the value of the shares of cash and common stock in excess of the amount owed pursuant to the 7% Convertible Note.
 
27

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
On April 26, 2017, the Company entered into a 7% convertible note in the aggregate principal amount of $104. On June 28, 2017, the noteholder converted the outstanding balance into 189,091 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company did not record any additional interest expense as a result of the extinguishment since the carrying amount of the convertible notes was equivalent to the fair value of the consideration transferred, which was determined from the closing price of the Company’s equity securities on the date of extinguishment.
 
As additional consideration, the investor received a five-year warrant to purchase 160,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.80 per share. The warrants are exercisable commencing six months after the issuance date. The exercise price of the warrants is subject to adjustment for customary stock splits, stock dividends, combinations and other standard anti-dilution events. The warrants may be exercised for cash or on a cashless basis. The Company computed the fair value of these warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and, as a result of this calculation, recorded debt discount in the amount of $25 based on the estimated fair value of the warrants.

The beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) embedded in this convertible note is accounted for under ASC No. 470, Debt. At issuance, the estimated fair value of the BCF totaled $26. The fair value of the BCF was allocated from the net proceeds of the convertible note and was amortized to interest expense over the term of the convertible note using the effective interest method. The valuation of the BCF was calculated based on the effective conversion price compared with the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance of the convertible note. In aggregate, the Company recorded debt discount in the amount of $51 based on the relative fair values of the warrants of $25 and BCF of $26. During the three months ended June 30, 2017, non-cash interest expense of $51 was recorded from the amortization of debt discounts.

13. CONVERTIBLE NOTE – RELATED PARTY

Convertible notes – related party at September 30, 2017, and December 31, 2016, are comprised of the following:

   
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
12% Convertible secured note
 
$
530
   
$
530
 
Less:
               
Unamortized debt discounts
   
(355
)
   
(484
)
Unamortized financing cost
   
(9
)
   
(12
)
Convertible note – related party, net of debt discounts and
financing cost
 
$
166
   
$
34
 

On October 21, 2016, the Company entered into a 12% convertible secured note (the “Convertible Note”) in the principal amount of $530. The Convertible Note included an original issue discount (“OID”) of $30 resulting in net proceeds to the Company of $500. Additionally, the Convertible Note accrues interest at 12% simple interest on the principal amount, is secured by all the assets of the Company, and is due on October 20, 2019. Interest only payments are due on a quarterly basis and the principal may be converted into shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.55 per share. Subject to certain beneficial ownership limitations, the noteholder may convert the principal amount of the Convertible Note at any time into common stock. The conversion price of the Convertible Note is subject to adjustment for customary stock splits, stock dividends, combinations or other standard anti-dilution events.
 
28

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
The Convertible Note contains standard and customary events of default including, but not limited to, failure to make payments when due under the Convertible Note agreement and bankruptcy or insolvency of the Company. Upon 30 days’ notice, the Company has the right to prepay the Convertible Note. In addition, provided that the closing price for a share of the Company’s common stock exceeds $3.00 per share for 30 consecutive trading days, the Company has the right to compel the noteholder to convert the principal amount into shares of common stock at the contractual conversion price.
 
As additional consideration, the investor received a three-year warrant to purchase 265,000 shares of common stock, at an exercise price of $0.80 per share, and a three-year warrant to purchase 265,000 shares of common stock, at an exercise price of $0.90 per share (collectively the “Convertible Note Warrants”). The Convertible Note Warrants are exercisable commencing six months after the issuance date and are subject to certain beneficial ownership limitations. The exercise price of the Convertible Note Warrants is subject to adjustment for customary stock splits, stock dividends, combinations and other standard anti-dilution events. The Convertible Note Warrants may be exercised for cash or on a cashless basis. The Convertible Note Warrants have a call feature that permits the Company to force redemption at $0.001 per share in the event the closing price for a share of the Company’s common stock exceeds $3.00 for 30 consecutive trading days. The Company computed the fair value of the Convertible Note Warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and, as a result of this calculation, recorded debt discount in the amount of $159 based on the estimated fair value of the Convertible Note Warrants.

The beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) embedded in the Convertible Note is accounted for under ASC No. 470, Debt. At issuance, the estimated fair value of the BCF totaled $329. The fair value of the BCF was allocated from the net proceeds of the Convertible Note and the respective discount and is being amortized to interest expense over the term of the Convertible Note using the effective interest method.  The valuation of the BCF was calculated based on the effective conversion price compared with the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance of the Convertible Note.

In aggregate, the Company recorded debt discount in the amount of $518 based on the relative fair values of the Convertible Note Warrants of $159, BCF of $329 and OID of $30. The debt discount is being amortized as non-cash interest expense over the term of the debt. In addition, the Company incurred $13 of debt issuance costs which are also being amortized as non-cash interest expense over the term of the debt. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, non-cash interest expense of $44 and $129, respectively, was recorded from the amortization of debt discounts and debt financing cost. As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, accrued interest on the Convertible Note was $16 and $12, respectively.
 
14. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Preferred Stock

The Company is authorized to issue 2,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock with no par value. The Board of Directors has designated 500,000 shares of its Preferred Stock as Series A cumulative Redeemable Convertible Preferred shares (the “Series A Preferred Stock”), 500,000 shares as Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”), 460,000 shares as Series C Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series C Preferred Stock”), 378,776 shares as Series D Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series D Preferred Stock”), and 10,000 shares as Series E Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series E Preferred Stock”). The rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions on the remaining authorized 151,224 shares of Preferred Stock have not been determined. The Company’s Board of Directors is authorized to create a new series of preferred shares and determine the number of shares, as well as the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions granted to or imposed upon any series of preferred shares. As of September 30, 2017, there were 100,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock, 455,002 shares of Series C Preferred Stock, 378,776 shares of Series D Preferred Stock, 10,000 shares of Series E Preferred Stock issued and outstanding and no other shares of Preferred Stock were issued or outstanding. As of December 31, 2016, there were no shares of Preferred Stock issued or outstanding.
 
29

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
Series B Preferred Stock

On March 9, 2017, the Company entered into a Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement with Philou, a related party. Pursuant to the terms of the Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement, Philou may invest up to $5,000 in the Company through the purchase of Series B Preferred Stock over the term of 36 months.

Each share of Series B Preferred Stock has a stated value of $10.00 per share. Each share of Series B Preferred Stock may be convertible at the holder’s option into shares of common stock of the Company at a conversion rate of $0.70 per share, upon the earlier to occur of: (i) 60 months from the closing date, or (ii) upon the filing by the Company of one or more periodic reports that, singly or collectively, evidence(s) that the Company’s gross revenues have reached no less than $10,000 in the aggregate, on a consolidated reporting basis, over four consecutive quarters in accordance with U.S.  GAAP. The conversion price will be subject to standard anti-dilution provisions in connection with any stock split, stock dividend, subdivision or similar reclassification of the common stock.

Each share of Series B Preferred Stock shall have the right to receive dividends equal to one ten millionth (0.0000001) of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and stock-based compensation (“EBITDAS”) calculated for a particular calendar year. Assuming the purchase of the entire $5,000 of shares of Preferred Stock, the holders thereof will be entitled to receive dividends equal to five percent (5%) in the aggregate of EBITDAS. Payment of dividends shall be calculated for a calendar year, payable on a quarterly basis, with payments to occur no later than 90 days in arrears from each reporting period subject to a year-end reconciliation. EBITDAS shall mean earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, and stock-based compensation.

At such time as (i) all shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of all outstanding shares of Series B Preferred Stock (the “Conversion Shares”) shall have been registered for resale pursuant to an effective Registration Statement covering such Conversion Shares, (ii) but no earlier than the twenty-fifth (25th) anniversary of the effective date, the shares of Series B Preferred Stock shall be subject to redemption in cash at the option of the Company in an amount per share equal to 120% of the greater of (a) the stated value plus all accrued and unpaid dividends, if any and (b) the fair market value of such shares of Series B Preferred Stock.

In addition, for each share of Series B Preferred Stock purchased, Philou will receive warrants to purchase shares of common stock in a number equal to the stated value of each share of Series B Preferred Stock purchased divided by $0.70, at an exercise price equal to $0.70 per share of common stock. The warrants do not require a net cash-settlement or provide the holder with a choice of net-cash settlement. The warrants also do not contain a variable settlement provision. Accordingly, any warrants issued to Philou pursuant to the terms of the Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement shall be classified as equity instruments.
 
Further, Philou shall have the right to participate in the Company’s future financings under substantially the same terms and conditions as other investors in those respective financings in order to maintain its then percentage ownership interest in the Company. Philou’s right to participate in such financings shall accrue and accumulate provided that it still owns at least 100,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock.

Between March 24, 2017 and June 2, 2017, Philou purchased 1,000,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock pursuant to the Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement in consideration of the cancellation of the Company debt due to an affiliate of Philou in the amount of $250 and cash of $750. In addition, Philou received warrants to purchase 1,428,572 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.70 per share of common stock, which have been classified as equity instruments. The Company determined that the estimated relative fair value of these warrants, which are classified as equity, was $401 using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Since the warrants were classified as equity securities, the Company allocated the $1,000 purchase price based on the relative fair values of the Series B Preferred Stock and the warrants following the guidance in ASC No. 470, Debt.
 
30

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
The Series B Convertible Preferred Stock is convertible at any time, in whole or in part, at the option of Philou, into shares of common stock at a fixed conversion price, which is subject to adjustment for stock splits, stock dividends, combinations or similar events, of $0.70 per share. As the effective conversion price of the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock on a converted basis was below the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance, it was determined that these discounts represent contingent beneficial conversion features, which were valued at $265 based on the difference between the effective conversion price and the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance.

The Company, however, is prohibited from issuing shares of common stock pursuant to the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock unless stockholder approval of such issuance of securities is obtained as required by applicable NYSE MKT listing rules. The Company has not yet received stockholder approval of such share issuances. This provision resulted in a contingent beneficial conversion feature that shall be recognized once the contingency is resolved. These features are analogous to preference dividends and shall be recorded as a non-cash return to preferred shareholders through accumulated deficit upon resolution of the contingency.

Series C Preferred Stock

Between May 24, 2017 and June 19, 2017, Digital Power entered into subscription agreements (the “Series C Subscription Agreement”) with approximately twenty accredited investors (the “Series C Investors”) in connection with the sale of twenty-one Units at a purchase price of $52 per Unit raising in the aggregate $1,092 with each Unit consisting of Series C Preferred Stock and Warrants. Each Unit consists of 21,667 shares of Series C Preferred Stock and Warrants to purchase 86,667 shares of common stock.
 
Each share of Series C Preferred Stock has a stated value of $2.40 per share. Each share of Series C Preferred Stock may be convertible at the holder’s option into shares of Common Stock of the Company at a conversion price of $0.60 per share, which, currently, represents four shares of Common Stock. The conversion price is subject to standard anti-dilution provisions in connection with any stock split, stock dividend, subdivision or similar reclassification of the Common Stock. Each share of Series C Preferred stock is mandatorily converted into shares of Common Stock based on the then conversion price in effect in the event that the Company’s Common Stock closing price exceeds $1.20 per share for 20 consecutive trading days. As the effective conversion price of the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock on a converted basis was below the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance, it was determined that these discounts represent beneficial conversion features, which were valued at $371 and recognized as a deemed dividend, based on the difference between the effective conversion price and the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance.
 
Each share of Series C Preferred Stock has the right to receive dividends equal $0.24 per share per annum as declared by the Company’s Board of Directors. The dividends will be paid on a quarterly basis on the 20th day following each calendar quarter.
  
Each share of Series C Preferred Stock shall have dividend and liquidation rights in priority to any shares of Common Stock, the Company’s Series A Preferred Stock (of which none are outstanding) and any other subordinated securities; but shall be subordinated to any senior securities including the Company’s Series B Preferred Stock.
 
Each share of Series C Preferred Stock is subject to redemption by the Company for the stated value plus accrued but unpaid dividends five years after issuance, provided the holders of Series C Preferred Stock had not elected previously to convert the Series C Preferred Stock into shares of Common Stock.
 
Series D Preferred Stock
 
On June 2, 2017, pursuant to the terms of the Share Exchange Agreement, the Company acquired 1,603,434 shares of the issued and outstanding common stock of Microphase Common Stock in exchange for the issuance by the Company of 1,842,448 shares of the Company’s Common Stock and 378,776 shares of the Company’s Series D Preferred Stock, no par value per share, and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s Common Stock.
 
31

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
In the event the Company shall liquidate, dissolve or wind up, the holders of Series D Preferred Stock shall be entitled to receive, prior and in preference to any distribution of any of the assets of the Company to the holders of the Common Stock, the Company’s Series A Preferred Stock, or to the holders of any other junior series of preferred stock, by reason of their ownership thereof and subject to the rights of the Company’s Series B Preferred Stock, Series C Preferred Stock and any other class or series of Company stock subsequently issued that ranks senior to the Series D Preferred Stock, an amount per share in cash or equivalent value in securities or other consideration equal to its Stated Value of $0.01 per share.

The holders of Series D Preferred Stock shall not be entitled to receive dividends and shall have no voting rights except as otherwise required by law. Upon the shareholders of DPW Common Stock approving the conversion of the Series D Preferred Stock into shares of DPW Common Stock in connection with the acquisition of MPC Common Stock and for purposes of compliance with Rule 713 of the NYSE MKT, then each share of Series D Preferred Stock shall automatically be converted into two shares of DPW Common Stock, for an aggregate of 757,552 shares of DPW Common Stock.

Series E Preferred Stock

On June 2, 2017, pursuant to the terms of the Share Exchange Agreement and in consideration of legal services, Microphase issued a $450 8% promissory note with a maturity date of November 25, 2017 to an unsecured creditor, Lucosky Brookman, LLP (the “Lucosky Note”). In conjunction with the issuance of the Lucosky Note, the Company issued Lucosky Brookman 10,000 shares of Series E Preferred Stock, no par value per share, with a stated value equal to forty-five dollars ($45.00) per share. The Company, at its option, may redeem for cash, in whole or in part, at any time and from time to time, the shares of Series E Preferred Stock at the time outstanding, upon written notice to the holder of the shares, at a cash redemption price equal to $45 multiplied by the number of shares being redeemed. Any such optional redemption by the Company shall be credited against the Lucosky Note.
 
In the event the Company shall liquidate, dissolve or wind up, the holders of Series E Preferred Stock shall be entitled to receive, prior and in preference to any distribution of any of the assets of the Company to the holders of the DPW Common Stock, the Company’s Series A Preferred Stock, or to the holders of any other junior series of preferred stock, by reason of their ownership thereof and subject to the rights of the Company’s Series B Preferred Stock, Series C Preferred Stock and any other class or series of Company stock subsequently issued that ranks senior to the Series E Preferred Stock an amount per share in cash or equivalent value in securities or other consideration equal to $0.01 per share. The holders of Series E Preferred Stock shall not be entitled to receive dividends and shall have no voting rights except as otherwise required by law. Subject to the shareholders of DPW Common Stock of the Company approving the conversion of the Series E Preferred Stock into shares of Common Stock in connection with the acquisition of MPC Common Stock and for purposes of compliance with Rule 713 of the NYSE MKT, then each share of Series E Preferred Stock may be converted into sixty (60) shares of DPW Common Stock, for an aggregate of 600,000 shares of DPW Common Stock.
 
Common Stock

Common stock confers upon the holders the rights to receive notice to participate and vote in the general meeting of shareholders of the Company, to receive dividends, if and when declared, and to participate in a distribution of surplus of assets upon liquidation of the Company.

On November 15, 2016, the Company entered into subscription agreements (the “2016 Subscription Agreements”) with nine accredited investors. Pursuant to the terms of the 2016 Subscription Agreements, the Company sold 901,666 units at $0.60 for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $541. Each unit consists of one share of common stock and one warrant to purchase one share of common stock (the “Nov. 2016 Warrants”) at an exercise price of $0.80.
 
32

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
The 2016 Subscription Agreement provides that, until November 15, 2017, investors who purchased at least $100,000 have the right to participate in the purchase of up to 50% of the securities offered by the Company in any future financing transactions, with limited exceptions.
 
The Nov. 2016 Warrants entitle the holders to purchase, in the aggregate, up to 901,666 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.80 per share for a period of three years. The Nov. 2016 Warrants are exercisable upon the six-month anniversary of the issuance date. The exercise price of the Nov. 2016 Warrants is subject to adjustment for stock splits, stock dividends, combinations and other standard anti-dilution events. The Nov. 2016 Warrants may be exercised for cash or, upon the failure to maintain an effective registration statement, on a cashless basis.

Between February 16, 2017 and February 23, 2017, the Company issued 666,667 shares of its common stock, an extinguishment price of $0.60 per share, for the cancellation of $400 in demand promissory notes.

On March 8, 2017, the Company issued an aggregate of 12,549 shares of its common stock as payment for services to a consultant.  The shares were valued at $10, an average of $0.80 per share.

On March 15, 2017, Company entered into a subscription agreement with a related party for the sale of 500,000 shares of common stock at $0.60 per share for the aggregate purchase price of $300.

On April 5, 2017, the Company issued 360,002 shares of its common stock, at a price of $0.75 per share, for the cancellation of $270 in demand promissory notes.

Between May 9, 2017 and June 18, 2017, the Company issued an aggregate of 956,153 shares of its common stock as payment for services to its consultant.  The shares were valued at $498, an average of $0.52 per share.
 
On June 28, 2017, the Company issued 189,091 shares of its common stock, at a price of $0.55 per share, for the cancellation of a 7% convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $104.

On June 28, 2017, the holders of $55 of in short-term loans agreed to cancel their notes for the purchase of 100,001 shares of the Digital Power’s common stock at a price of $0.55 per share.
 
On July 7, 2017, the Company entered into an asset purchase agreement to acquire the intellectual property of Coolisys.com, consisting of the common law rights associated with the trademarks and name as well as the domain name and content of www.Coolisys.com. The aggregate purchase price of $81 was comprised of 50,000 shares of common stock, valued at $31 based on the closing price of the Common Stock on the date of the acquisition, and cash of $50.
 
On July 24, 2017, we entered into subscription agreements with six investors, and on July 25, 2017 we entered into securities purchase agreements (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”) with an institutional investor, under which we agreed to issue and sell in the aggregate 851,363 shares of common stock to the investors at $0.55 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $468. Of the aggregate purchase price of $468, $445 was paid in cash and $23 was in consideration for the cancellation of debt of the Company. The company granted warrants to purchase 109,090 shares of common stock to two of the investors that entered into the subscription agreements at $0.75 per share.
 
In a concurrent private placement, we sold to the institutional investor warrants to purchase an aggregate of 163,636 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to $0.55 per share.
 
On July 28, 2017, we entered into an exchange agreement with an institutional investor who was the owner of (i) a 7% Convertible Note in the principal amount of $125 and a warrant dated April 17, 2017 to purchase 83,334 shares of our common stock at $0.90. Under the terms of the exchange agreement, we agreed to exchange the 7% Convertible Note for three new promissory notes in the principal amounts of $110 due August 1, 2017; $35 due August 1, 2017; and $34 due August 8, 2017 (individually an Exchange Note and collectively the Exchange Notes) and to exchange the prior warrant for a new warrant to purchase 83,334 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share.
 
33

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 
 
Concurrent with entering into this exchange agreement, the institutional investor entered into a subscription agreement under which we issued and sold in a registered direct offering 200,000 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $110. The 200,000 shares of common stock were purchased through the cancellation of the Exchange Note in the principal amount of $110. In addition, in a concurrent private placement, the institutional investor entered into a separate securities purchase agreement under which we issued and sold 63,600 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share for an aggregate of purchase price of $35. The 63,600 shares of common stock were purchased through the cancellation of the Exchange Note in the principal amount of $35. Further, we issued a warrant to purchase 120,000 shares of common stock at $0.55 per share.

Between August 21, 2017 and September 5, 2017, the Company issued an aggregate of 680,645 shares of its common stock as payment for services to its consultant.  The shares were valued at $424, an average of $0.62 per share.

15. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTION

a.
In anticipation of the acquisition of MTIX Ltd., an advanced materials and processing technology company located in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, UK (“MTIX”) by AVLP and the expectation of future business generated by the Company from a strategic investment into AVLP, the Company entered into the AVLP Notes, three 12% Convertible Promissory Notes agreements in the principal amount of $525 each. The AVLP Notes included a 5% original issue discount, resulting in net loans to AVLP of $1,500 and an original issue discount of $75. The AVLP notes accrued interest at 12% per annum and were due on or before two years from the origination dates of each note. The Company had the right, at its option, to convert all or any portion of the principal and accrued interest into shares of common stock of AVLP at approximately $0.74536 per share. Subject to adjustment, the AVLP Notes, inclusive of the original issue discount, were convertible into 2,113,086 shares of the Company’s common stock. During the period from March 29, 2017 to August 16, 2017, the Company funded $1,809 in excess of the $1,500 net loan amount required pursuant to the terms of the AVLP Notes.
 
On September 6, 2017, the Company and AVLP entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (“AVLP Loan Agreement”) with an effective date of August 21, 2017 pursuant to which the Company provided Avalanche a non-revolving credit facility of up to $5,000, inclusive of prior amounts loaned to AVLP, for a period ending on August 21, 2019, subject to the terms and conditions stated in the Loan Agreement, including that the Company having available funds to grant such credit. In consideration of entering into the AVLP Loan Agreement, the Company and AVLP cancelled the AVLP Notes and consolidated the AVLP Notes and prior advances and issued a new Convertible Promissory Note in the aggregate principal amount of $3,474 (the “New Note”) that is convertible into shares of AVLP at a conversion price of $0.50 per share. The New Note is due in two years and accrues interest at 12% per annum on the principal amount. Prior interest accrued under the AVLP Notes and advances will continue to be an obligation of AVLP. The New Note contains standard events of defaults. In addition, concurrent to issuing the New Note, AVLP issued to the Company a five-year Warrant to purchase 6,948,800 shares of AVLP Common Stock at $0.50 per share. Future advances under the AVLP Loan Agreement, if any, will be evidenced by a convertible promissory containing a conversion price feature at $0.50 per share and warrant with an exercise price of $0.50 per share. Further, under the terms of the AVLP Loan Agreement, any notes issued by AVLP are secured by the assets of AVLP. (See Note 4).
 
During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company invested $2,682 pursuant to the AVLP Loan Agreement and acquired 71,746 shares of AVLP common stock in the open market for $28.
 
34

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 

During the three months ended December 31, 2016, the Company invested $950 pursuant to the AVLP Loan Agreement and acquired 250,900 shares of AVLP common stock in the open market for $85.
 
Philou is AVLP’s controlling shareholder.  Mr. Ault is Chairman of AVLP’s Board of Directors and the Executive Chairman of the Company’s Board of Directors. Mr. William B. Horne is the Chief Financial Officer of AVLP and also the audit committee chairman of the Company.
 
On October 24, 2016, AVLP entered into a letter of intent to acquire MTIX and made an initial payment of $50 towards the purchase. On August 22, 2017, pursuant to the terms of a Share Exchange Agreement dated as of March 3, 2017, and as amended on July 13, 2017 and August 21, 2017 (the “Exchange Agreement”) with MTIX Limited, a company formed under the laws of England and Wales (“MTIX”) and the three (3) shareholders of MTIX (the “Sellers”), AVLP completed its acquisition of MTIX. Upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Exchange Agreement, AVLP acquired MTIX from the Sellers through the transfer of all issued and outstanding ordinary shares of MTIX (the “MTIX Shares”) by the Sellers to AVLP in exchange (the “Exchange”) for the issuance by AVLP of: (a) 7% secured convertible promissory notes (individually, a “Note” and collectively, the “Notes”) in the aggregate principal face amount of $9,500 to the Sellers in pro rata amounts commensurate with their current respective ownership percentages of MTIX’s ordinary shares, (b) (i) $500 in cash, $50, of which was paid on October 26, 2016, and (ii) 100,000 shares of AVLP’s newly designated shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Class B Shares”) to the principal shareholder of MTIX (the “Majority Shareholder”).
 
On the closing date, the fully-diluted AVLP shares shall be approximately 52 million shares of common stock, assuming that (i) the MTIX promissory notes are convertible into shares of AVLP common stock at a conversion price of $0.50 per share, (ii) the shares of AVLP Class B Convertible Preferred Stock are convertible into shares of AVLP common stock at a conversion rate of $0.50 per share and (iii) the issuance of stock options to purchase an aggregate of 531,919 shares of AVLP common stock to the members of the MTIX management group.

During March 2017, the Company was awarded a 3-year, $50 million purchase order by MTIX to manufacture, install and service the MLSE plasma-laser system.

b.
On September 22, 2016, the Company entered into consulting agreement with Mr. Ault to assist the Company in developing a business strategy, identifying new business opportunities, developing a capital raising program and implementing of a capital deployment program.  For his services, Mr. Ault was paid $135 during the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

c.
On October 21, 2016, the Company entered into a 12% convertible secured note in the principal amount of $530 and warrants with the Barry Blank Living Trust, an existing stockholder of the Company, for $500 due on October 20, 2019. The principal amount of the 12% convertible secured note may be convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.55 per share. Subject to certain beneficial ownership limitations, the Barry Blank Living Trust may convert the principal amount of the convertible note at any time into common stock. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017 the Company recorded interest expenses of $48 on the convertible note obligation.

d.
On December 29, 2016, the Company received a $250 short term loan from MCKEA. Kristine Ault, a director of the Company and the wife of Mr. Ault, is the managing member of MCKEA which, in turn, is the Manager of Philou, the majority stockholder of the Company. On March 24, 2017, the $250 loan was cancelled in consideration for the issuance of 25,000 shares of Series B preferred stock of the Company to Philou. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017 the Company recorded interest expenses of $3 on the short-term loan from MCKEA.
 
35

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 

e.
In February 2017, the Company issued to eight accredited investors $400 in demand promissory notes bearing interest at a rate of 6% per annum. Of the eight accredited investors, one investor was deemed a related party.

f.
On March 9, 2017, the Company entered into a Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement with Philou. Pursuant to the terms of the Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement, Philou may invest up to $5,000 in the Company through the purchase of Series B Preferred Stock over 36 months. Between March 24, 2017 and June 2, 2017, Philou purchased 100,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock pursuant to the terms of the Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement.

g.
On March 15, 2017, Company entered into a subscription agreement with a related party for the sale of 500,000 shares of common stock at $0.60 per share for the aggregate purchase price of $300.

h.
On March 20, 2017, the Company received a $250 short term loan from JLA Realty, an entity which owns 666,667 shares of the Company’s common stock, constituting approximately 4.7% of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock at September 30, 2017, on behalf of Philou. The proceeds from this short-term loan comprised a portion of Philou’s purchase of Series B Preferred Stock.

i.
Between May 5, 2017 and June 30, 2017, the Company received additional short-term loans of $140 from four accredited investors of which $75 was from the Company’s corporate counsel, a related party. As additional consideration, the investors received five-year warrants to purchase 224,371 shares of common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $0.77 per share.On June 28, 2017, $52 in short-term loans that was received from the related party was converted into one of the Series C Units (See Note 10) and on        July 24, 2017, the remaining $23 in short-term loans was converted in 41,818 shares of the Company’s common stock in conjunction with the subscription agreements that the Company entered into with six investors (See Note 14).
 
j.
Between July 6, 2017 and September 30, 2017, Milton C. Ault, III, the Company’s Executive Chairman, personally guaranteed the repayment of (i) $2,585 to TVT Capital, (ii) $400 from the sale of the Convertible Note and (iii) $880 from the sale of the Convertible Notes. These personal guarantees were necessary to facilitate the consummation of these financing transactions. Mr. Ault’s payment obligations would be triggered if the Company failed to perform under these financing obligations. Our board of directors has agreed to compensate Mr. Ault for his personal guarantees. The amount of annual compensation for each of these guarantees, which will be in the form of non-cash compensation, is approximately 2% of the amount of the obligation.
 
k.
During the three months ended June 30, 2017, our Chief Executive Officer Amos Kohn purchased certain real property that will serve as a facility for the Company’s business operations in Israel. The Company made $300 of payments to the seller of the property that will be applied to either (i) an ownership interest, that would be transferred to the Company upon the approval of certain governmental authorities that authorize foreign ownership of real property in Israel or (ii) a leasing arrangement providing for the Company’s use of the property should such authorization not be obtained. The payments are classified as Other investments, related party in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2017.
 
l.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, DP Lending made loans to related parties of $54. The loans were made to Alzamend Neuro, Inc. (“Alzamend”), Restaurant Capital Group, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of AVLP, and Click Media, Inc. (“Cross Click”) in the amounts of $44, $5, and $5, respectively.  The loans are classified as Other investments, related party in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2017. AVLP is a party to a management services agreement with Alzamend Neuro, Inc. (“Alzamend”) pursuant to which Avalanche provides management, consulting and financial services to Alzamend. MCKEA is the controlling shareholder of Cross Click.
 
36

 
DIGITAL POWER CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – Unaudited (Continued)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data
 

 

16. SEGMENT, CUSTOMERS AND GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION

The Company has two reportable geographic segments; see Note 1 for a brief description of the Company’s business.

The following data presents the revenues, expenditures and other operating data of the Company’s geographic operating segments and presented in accordance with ASC No. 280.
 
 
   
Nine months ended September 30, 2017 (unaudited)
 
   
DPC
   
DPL
   
Eliminations
   
Total
 
                         
Revenues
 
$
5,206
   
$
1,464
   
$
   
$
6,670
 
Inter-segment revenues
 
$
43
   
$
   
$
(43
)
 
$
 
Total revenues
 
$
5,249
   
$
1,464
   
$
(43
)
 
$
6,670
 
                                 
Depreciation and amortization expense
 
$
75
   
$
53
   
$
   
$
128
 
                                 
Loss from operations
 
$
(3,277
)
 
$
(272
)
 
$
   
$
(3,549
)
                                 
Interest expense, net
                         
$
(1,367
)
                                 
Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest