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EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL SAexhibit321q2fy18.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL SAexhibit312q2fy18.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL SAexhibit311q2fy18.htm
EX-10.1 - EXHIBIT 10.1 - LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL SAexhibit101q2fy18.htm
EX-2.2 - EXHIBIT 2.2 - LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL SAexhibit22q2fy18.htm
EX-2.1 - EXHIBIT 2.1 - LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL SAexhibit21q2fy18.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
 
ý      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017
 
Or
 
o         TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Transition Period from                to                
 
Commission File Number: 0-29174
 
LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL S.A.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Canton of Vaud, Switzerland
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
 
None
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
Logitech International S.A.
EPFL - Quartier de l'Innovation
Daniel Borel Innovation Center
1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
c/o Logitech Inc.
7700 Gateway Boulevard
Newark, California 94560
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
 
(510) 795-8500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes  ý  No  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data file required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes  ý  No  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 

1


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Large accelerated filer ý
 
Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 (Do not check if a
smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company o
 Emerging Growth Company o

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standard s provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes o  No  ý
 
As of October 10, 2017, there were 164,272,886 shares of the Registrant’s share capital outstanding.
 

2


TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
Part I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exhibits
 
In this document, unless otherwise indicated, references to the “Company” or “Logitech” are to Logitech International S.A., its consolidated subsidiaries and predecessor entities. Unless otherwise specified, all references to U.S. Dollar, Dollar or $ are to the United States Dollar, the legal currency of the United States of America. All references to CHF are to the Swiss Franc, the legal currency of Switzerland.
 
Logitech, the Logitech logo, and the Logitech products referred to herein are either the trademarks or the registered trademarks of Logitech. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

The Company’s fiscal year ends on March 31. Interim quarters are generally thirteen-week periods, each ending on a Friday of each quarter. The second quarter of fiscal year 2018 ended on September 29, 2017. The same quarter in the prior fiscal year ended on September 30, 2016. For purposes of presentation, the Company has indicated its quarterly periods ending on the last day of the calendar quarter.


      

3


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION 

ITEM 1.   FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) 

LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL S.A.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Six Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Net sales
 
$
632,470

 
$
564,304

 
$
1,162,416

 
$
1,044,168

Cost of goods sold
 
402,722

 
356,268

 
737,496

 
665,893

Amortization of intangible assets and purchase accounting effect on inventory
 
2,011

 
1,163

 
3,515

 
2,776

Gross profit
 
227,737

 
206,873

 
421,405

 
375,499

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Marketing and selling
 
107,386

 
93,792

 
209,764

 
177,664

Research and development
 
36,647

 
32,632

 
71,746

 
64,583

General and administrative
 
25,205

 
25,290

 
50,559

 
50,945

Amortization of intangible assets and acquisition-related costs
 
2,491

 
1,748

 
3,881

 
3,041

Change in fair value of contingent consideration for business acquisition
 
(2,930
)
 

 
(4,908
)
 

Total operating expenses
 
168,799

 
153,462

 
331,042

 
296,233

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
 
58,938

 
53,411

 
90,363

 
79,266

Interest income (expense), net
 
1,048

 
(90
)
 
2,223

 
61

Other income (expense), net
 
459

 
(683
)
 
(570
)
 
(1,691
)
Income before income taxes
 
60,445

 
52,638

 
92,016

 
77,636

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes
 
4,087

 
5,593

 
(1,349
)
 
8,650

Net income
 
$
56,358

 
$
47,045

 
$
93,365

 
$
68,986


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
 
$
0.34

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.57

 
$
0.43

Diluted
 
$
0.33

 
$
0.28

 
$
0.55

 
$
0.42

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares used to compute net income per share:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
 
164,120

 
162,222

 
163,765

 
162,176

Diluted
 
169,078

 
165,549

 
168,710

 
164,926

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash dividend per share
 
$
0.63

 
$
0.57

 
$
0.63

 
$
0.57

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL S.A.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Six Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Net income
 
$
56,358

 
$
47,045

 
$
93,365

 
$
68,986

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Currency translation gain, net of taxes
 
2,185

 
550

 
3,641

 
254

Defined benefit pension plans:
 
 

 
 

 


 
 
Net gain and prior service costs, net of taxes
 
532

 
17

 
380

 
327

Amortization included in operating expenses
 
52

 
432

 
102

 
865

Hedging gain (loss):
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Deferred hedging gain (loss), net of taxes
 
(2,140
)
 
564

 
(5,349
)
 
1,529

Reclassification of hedging loss included in cost of goods sold
 
2,596

 
155

 
3,129

 
895

Other comprehensive income:
 
3,225

 
1,718

 
1,903

 
3,870

Total comprehensive income
 
$
59,583

 
$
48,763

 
$
95,268

 
$
72,856

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


5


LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL S.A.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)
 
 
September 30,
2017
 
March 31,
2017
Assets
 


 
 
Current assets:
 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
398,848

 
$
547,533

Short-term investments
 
6,789

 

Accounts receivable, net
 
277,839

 
185,179

Inventories
 
330,422

 
253,401

Other current assets
 
47,721

 
41,732

Total current assets
 
1,061,619

 
1,027,845

Non-current assets:
 
 

 
 

Property, plant and equipment, net
 
87,355

 
85,408

Goodwill
 
271,154

 
249,741

Other intangible assets, net
 
93,846

 
47,564

Other assets
 
138,144

 
88,119

Total assets
 
$
1,652,118

 
$
1,498,677

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
 
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Accounts payable
 
$
386,963

 
$
274,805

Accrued and other current liabilities
 
229,176

 
232,273

Total current liabilities
 
616,139

 
507,078

Non-current liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Income taxes payable
 
33,241

 
51,797

Other non-current liabilities
 
80,903

 
83,691

Total liabilities
 
730,283

 
642,566

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)
 


 


Shareholders’ equity:
 
 

 
 

Registered shares, CHF 0.25 par value:
 
30,148

 
30,148

Issued and authorized shares —173,106 at September 30 and March 31, 2017
 


 


Conditionally authorized shares — 50,000 at September 30 and March 31, 2017
 


 


Additional paid-in capital
 
29,940

 
26,596

Shares in treasury, at cost — 8,745 at September 30, 2017 and 10,727 at March 31, 2017
 
(156,589
)
 
(174,037
)
Retained earnings
 
1,117,139

 
1,074,110

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(98,803
)
 
(100,706
)
Total shareholders’ equity
 
921,835

 
856,111

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
$
1,652,118

 
$
1,498,677

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


6


LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL S.A.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
Six Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Net income
 
$
93,365

 
$
68,986

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Depreciation
 
19,368

 
23,616

Amortization of intangible assets
 
6,238

 
3,867

Gain on investments in privately held companies
 
(436
)
 
(172
)
Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment
 
12

 

Share-based compensation expense
 
21,683

 
16,967

Deferred income taxes
 
(11,933
)
 
(385
)
Change in fair value of contingent consideration for business acquisition
 
(4,908
)
 

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
 
 

 
 

Accounts receivable, net
 
(91,718
)
 
(97,001
)
Inventories
 
(58,078
)
 
(28,317
)
Other assets
 
(8,490
)
 
(4,738
)
Accounts payable
 
110,136

 
83,676

Accrued and other liabilities
 
(7,739
)
 
25,387

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
67,500

 
91,886

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 

 
 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment
 
(17,188
)
 
(14,758
)
Investment in privately held companies
 
(520
)
 
(480
)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
 
(85,000
)
 
(66,987
)
Proceeds from return of investment in privately held companies
 
237

 

Changes in restricted cash
 

 
715

Purchases of short-term investments
 
(6,789
)
 

Purchases of trading investments
 
(999
)
 
(5,271
)
Proceeds from sales of trading investments
 
1,057

 
5,296

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(109,202
)
 
(81,485
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 

 
 

Payment of cash dividends
 
(104,248
)
 
(93,093
)
Purchases of registered shares
 
(10,682
)
 
(42,894
)
Proceeds from exercises of stock options and purchase rights
 
30,000

 
14,484

Tax withholdings related to net share settlements of restricted stock units
 
(23,706
)
 
(11,047
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(108,636
)
 
(132,550
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
 
1,653

 
(1,845
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
 
(148,685
)
 
(123,994
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of the period
 
547,533

 
519,195

Cash and cash equivalents, end of the period
 
$
398,848

 
$
395,201

Supplementary Cash Flow Disclosures:
 
 
 
 
Non-cash investing activities:
 
 

 
 

Property, plant and equipment purchased during the period and included in period end liability accounts
 
$
6,219

 
$
4,008

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

7


LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL S.A.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Total Shareholders’ Equity
 
Registered Shares
 
 
Treasury Shares
 
Retained Earnings
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
March 31, 2016
173,106

 
$
30,148

 
$
6,616

 
10,697

 
$
(128,407
)
 
$
963,576

 
$
(111,985
)
 
$
759,948

Total comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 
68,986

 
3,870

 
72,856

Purchases of registered shares

 

 

 
2,441

 
(42,894
)
 

 

 
(42,894
)
Tax effects from share-based awards

 

 
(1,138
)
 

 

 

 

 
(1,138
)
Sales of shares upon exercise of stock options and purchase rights

 

 
4,556

 
(1,100
)
 
9,928

 

 

 
14,484

Issuance of shares upon vesting of restricted stock units

 

 
(18,101
)
 
(1,029
)
 
9,303

 
(2,249
)
 

 
(11,047
)
Share-based compensation expense

 

 
16,918

 

 

 

 

 
16,918

Cash dividends

 

 

 

 

 
(93,093
)
 

 
(93,093
)
September 30, 2016
173,106

 
$
30,148

 
$
8,851

 
11,009

 
$
(152,070
)
 
$
937,220

 
$
(108,115
)
 
$
716,034

 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Total Shareholders’ Equity
 
Registered Shares
 
 
Treasury Shares
 
Retained Earnings
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
March 31, 2017
173,106

 
$
30,148

 
$
26,596

 
10,727

 
$
(174,037
)
 
$
1,074,110

 
$
(100,706
)
 
$
856,111

Cumulative effect of adoption of new accounting standard (Note 1)

 

 
3,293

 

 

 
53,912

 

 
57,205

Total comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 
93,365

 
1,903

 
95,268

Purchases of registered shares

 

 

 
307

 
(10,682
)
 

 

 
(10,682
)
Sales of shares upon exercise of stock options and purchase rights

 

 
15,628

 
(1,084
)
 
14,372

 

 

 
30,000

Issuance of shares upon vesting of restricted stock units

 

 
(37,464
)
 
(1,205
)
 
13,758

 

 

 
(23,706
)
Share-based compensation expense

 

 
21,887

 

 

 

 

 
21,887

Cash dividends

 

 

 

 

 
(104,248
)
 

 
(104,248
)
September 30, 2017
173,106

 
$
30,148

 
$
29,940

 
8,745

 
$
(156,589
)
 
$
1,117,139

 
$
(98,803
)
 
$
921,835

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


8


LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL S.A.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)

Note 1 — The Company and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates

The Company
 
Logitech International S.A, together with its consolidated subsidiaries, ("Logitech" or the "Company") designs, manufactures and markets products that allow people to connect through music, gaming, video, computing, and other digital platforms.
The Company sells its products to a broad network of domestic and international customers, including direct sales to retailers and indirect sales through distributors.
Logitech was founded in Switzerland in 1981 and Logitech International S.A. has been the parent holding company of Logitech since 1988. Logitech International S.A. is a Swiss holding company with its registered office in Apples, Switzerland and headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland, which conducts its business through subsidiaries in the Americas, Europe, Middle East and Africa ("EMEA") and Asia Pacific. Shares of Logitech International S.A. are listed on both the SIX Swiss Exchange under the trading symbol LOGN and the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the trading symbol LOGI.

Business Acquisition

In August 2017, the Company acquired the ASTRO Gaming business. See "Note 2 - Business Acquisition" for more information.

Basis of Presentation
 
The condensed consolidated interim financial statements include the accounts of Logitech and its subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. The condensed consolidated financial statements are presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and therefore do not include all the information required by GAAP for complete financial statements. They should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on May 26, 2017. 

In the opinion of management, these condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of only normal and recurring adjustments, necessary and in all material aspects, for a fair statement of the results of operations, comprehensive income, financial position, cash flows and changes in shareholders' equity for the periods presented. Operating results for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2018, or any future periods.

Reclassification

Certain amounts from the comparative period in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the condensed consolidated financial statement presentation as of and for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017.

Changes in Significant Accounting Policies
 
Other than the recent accounting pronouncements adopted, discussed below, there have been no substantial changes in the Company’s significant accounting policies during the six months ended September 30, 2017 compared with the significant accounting policies described in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017.
 

9


Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions believed to be reasonable. Significant estimates and assumptions made by management involve the fair value of goodwill, intangible assets acquired from business acquisitions, warranty liabilities, accruals for customer programs and related breakage when appropriate, sales return reserves, allowance for doubtful accounts, inventory valuation, contingent consideration from business acquisitions and periodical reassessment of its fair value, share-based compensation expense, uncertain tax positions, and valuation allowances for deferred tax assets. Although these estimates are based on management’s best knowledge of current events and actions that may impact the Company in the future, actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Adopted

In July 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2015-11, "Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory (Topic 330)" ("ASU 2015-11"). Topic 330, Inventory, previously required an entity to measure inventory at the lower of cost or market, with market value represented by replacement cost, net realizable value or net realizable value less a normal profit margin. ASU 2015-11 requires an entity to measure inventory at the lower of cost or net realizable value and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company adopted this standard effective April 1, 2017, which has not had a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, "Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting" ("ASU 2016-09"). ASU 2016-09 simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payments, including immediate recognition of all excess tax benefits and deficiencies in the income statement, changing the threshold to qualify for equity classification up to the employees' maximum statutory tax rates, allowing an entity-wide accounting policy election to either estimate the number of awards that are expected to vest or account for forfeitures as they occur, and clarifying the classification on the statement of cash flows for the excess tax benefits and employee taxes paid when an employer withholds shares for tax withholding purposes. ASU 2016-09 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company adopted this standard effective April 1, 2017. Changes to the statements of cash flows related to the classification of excess tax benefits were implemented on a retroactive basis and accordingly, to conform to the current year presentation, the Company reclassified $4.1 million of excess tax benefits previously reported under financing activities to operating activities for the six months ended September 30, 2016 on its condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. Under the new standard, the Company accounts for forfeitures as they occur. The change in accounting for forfeitures resulted in a cumulative-effect adjustment to decrease retained earnings as of March 31, 2017 by $3.3 million. The Company further recognized a cumulative-effect adjustment to increase retained earnings as of March 31, 2017 by $57.2 million upon adoption of the new guidance to account for gross excess tax benefits of $75.2 million that were previously not recognized because the related tax deduction had not reduced current income taxes, offset by a valuation allowance of $18.0 million to reduce the deferred tax assets to amounts that are more likely than not to be realized.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, "Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (Topic
350)" ("ASU 2017-04"), which removes Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. ASU 2017-04 is effective for annual or any interim goodwill impairments in annual periods beginning December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this standard effective April 1, 2017, which has not had a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, "Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of
Modification Accounting" ("ASU 2017-09"), which provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions
of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. ASU 2017-09 is
effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted, including adoption in any interim period for which financial statements have not yet been issued. The Company adopted this standard effective April 1, 2017, which has not had a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.


10


Recent Accounting Pronouncements to be Adopted

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)" ("ASU 2014-09") which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements under ASC 605, Revenue Recognition. ASU 2014-09 outlines a new, single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. Under the new model, recognition of revenue occurs when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard requires reporting companies to disclose the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. The new standard will become effective for the Company on April 1, 2018. The standard allows for either a "full retrospective" adoption, meaning the standard is applied to all of the periods presented subject to practical expedients, or a "modified retrospective" adoption, meaning the standard is applied only in the initial year, or interim period in year of initial application with a cumulative adjustment to opening retained earnings for existing contracts. The Company currently expects to utilize the modified retrospective transition method. The Company continues to evaluate the impact this new standard could have on the current contracts with customers and the accruals of various sales and marketing programs the Company offers and on the related breakage estimates. The Company has not completed its analysis of the impact to its consolidated financial statements and this information will not be available until the Company completes its full assessment. It is possible that during the fiscal year 2018, the Company may identify certain areas which may result in material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements, or the Company may revise its adoption method.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, "Financial Instruments-Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (Subtopic 825-10)" ("ASU 2016-01"). ASU 2016-01 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not believe that the adoption of ASU 2016-01 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and will adopt this standard effective April 1, 2018.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)" ("ASU 2016-02"), which requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities arising from operating leases in the statement of financial position. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company is evaluating the full effect that ASU 2016-02 will have on its consolidated financial statements and will adopt this standard effective April 1, 2019.

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, "Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory"  ("ASU 2016-16"), which eliminates the deferral of income tax effects of intra-entity asset transfers until the transferred asset is sold to an unrelated party or recovered through use. However, this standard does not apply to intra-entity transfer of inventory.  ASU 2016-16 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted but only in the first interim period of an annual period.  The cumulative effect of change on equity upon adoption is to be quantified under the modified retrospective approach and recorded as of the beginning of the period of adoption.  The Company is evaluating the full effect that ASU 2016-16 will have on its consolidated financial statements and will adopt this standard effective April 1, 2018.

In December 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, "Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash" ("ASU 2016-18"), which requires that a statement of cash flows explains the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. ASU 2016-18 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this standard should be applied using a retrospective transition method to each period presented. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2016-18 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and will adopt this standard effective April 1, 2018.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, "Business Combination  (ASC Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business" ("ASU 2017-01"), which changes the definition of a business to assist with evaluating when a set of transferred assets and activities is a business. ASU 2017-01 is effective for annual or any interim goodwill impairments in annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2017-01 will have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements and will adopt this standard effective April 1, 2018.

11



In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, "Compensation-Retirement Benefit (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost" ("ASU 2017-07"), which requires that the Company disaggregate the service cost component from the other components of net benefit cost, and also provides guidance on how to present the service cost component and the other components of net benefit cost in the income statement and allow only the service cost component of net benefit cost to be eligible for capitalization. ASU 2017-07 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2017-07 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and will adopt this standard effective April 1, 2018.

In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, "Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities" ("ASU 2017-12"), which improves the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better portray the economic results of an entity’s risk management activities in its financial statements and simplifies the application of the hedge accounting guidance. ASU 2017-12 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2017-12 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and is currently assessing the timing of adoption.

Note 2 — Business Acquisition

ASTRO Acquisition

On August 11, 2017 (the "Acquisition Date"), the Company acquired certain assets and liabilities constituting the ASTRO Gaming business ("ASTRO") from AG Acquisition Corporation for a preliminary purchase price of $85.0 million in cash (the "ASTRO Acquisition"). ASTRO is a leading console gaming brand with a history of producing award-winning headsets for professional gamers and enthusiasts. ASTRO provides a strong growth platform in the console gaming accessories market.

ASTRO meets the definition of a business, and its acquisition is accounted for using the acquisition method. The following table summarizes the preliminary estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the Acquisition Date (in thousands):
 
 
Estimated Fair Value
Inventories
 
$
10,331

Property, plant, and equipment
 
2,760

Intangible assets
 
52,520

Other assets
 
605

Total identifiable assets acquired
 
$
66,216

Accrued liabilities
 
(2,602
)
Net identifiable assets acquired
 
$
63,614

Goodwill
 
21,386

Net assets acquired
 
$
85,000


Goodwill related to the transaction is primarily attributable to opportunities and economies of scale from combining the operations and technologies of Logitech and ASTRO. Goodwill is expected to be deductible for tax purposes.

The fair value of the inventory acquired is estimated at its net realizable value, which uses the estimated selling prices, less the cost of disposal and a reasonable profit allowance for the selling efforts. The difference between the fair value of the inventories and the amount recognized by the acquiree immediately before the acquisition date is $0.8 million, which will be recognized in "amortization of intangibles assets and purchase accounting effect on inventory" in the condensed consolidated statements of operations upon the sale of the acquired inventory.


12


The Company included ASTRO's estimated fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in its condensed consolidated balance sheets beginning the Acquisition Date. The results of operations for ASTRO for this partial quarter have been included in, but are not material to, the Company's condensed consolidated statements of operations from the Acquisition Date. Pro forma results of operations for the ASTRO Acquisition have not been presented because they are not material to the condensed consolidated statements of operations. 

The following table sets forth the components of identifiable intangible assets acquired at their estimated fair values and their estimated useful lives as of the Acquisition Date (Dollars in thousands):
 
Preliminary Fair Value
 
Estimated Useful Life (years)
Developed technology
$
12,540

 
4.0
Customer relationships
33,100

 
8.0
Trade name
6,880

 
6.0
Total intangible assets acquired
$
52,520

 
6.8

Intangible assets acquired as a result of the ASTRO Acquisition are being amortized over their estimated useful lives using the straight-line method of amortization. Amortization of acquired developed technology of $0.4 million during the three months ended September 30, 2017 is included in "amortization of intangible assets and purchase accounting effect of inventory" in the gross profit of the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Amortization of the acquired customer relationships and trade name of $0.7 million during the three months ended September 30, 2017 is included in "amortization of intangible assets and acquisition-related costs" in the operating expense of the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Developed technology relates to existing ASTRO gaming headset products. The economic useful life was determined based on the technology cycle related to developed technology of existing products, as well as the cash flows anticipated over the forecasted periods.

Customer relationships represent the fair value of future projected revenue that will be derived from sales of products to existing customers of ASTRO. The economic useful life was determined based on historical customer turnover rates and industry benchmarks.

Trade name relates to the “ASTRO” trade name. The economic useful life was determined based on the expected life of the trade name and the cash flows anticipated over the forecasted periods.

The fair value of developed technology and trade name were estimated using the relief-from-royalty method, an income approach (Level 3), which estimates the cost savings that accrue to the owner of the intangible assets that would otherwise be payable as royalties or license fees on revenues earned through the use of the asset. A royalty rate is applied to the projected revenues associated with the intangible assets to determine the amount of savings, which is then discounted to determine the fair value. The developed technology and trade name were valued using royalty rates of 10% and 2%, respectively, and both were discounted at a rate of 13%.

The fair value of customer relationships was estimated using the excess earnings method, an income approach (Level 3), which converts projected revenues and costs into cash flows. To reflect the fact that certain other assets contributed to the cash flows generated, the returns for these contributory assets were removed to arrive at estimated cash flows solely attributable to the customer relationships, which were discounted at a rate of 13%.

The Company believes the preliminary value of purchased intangible assets recorded above represent the fair values of, and approximate the amounts a market participant would pay for, these intangible assets as of the Acquisition Date.

The Company incurred acquisition-related costs for the ASTRO Acquisition of approximately $0.7 million and $1.0 million for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. The acquisition-related costs are included in "amortization of intangible assets and acquisition-related costs" in the operating expenses of the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

The fair value of identifiable intangible assets acquired was based on estimates and assumptions made by management at the time of the acquisition. As additional information becomes available, such as finalization of the

13


estimated fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, and any dispute that may affect the total consideration transferred, the Company may revise its preliminary estimates of fair values during the remainder of the measurement periods (which will not exceed 12 months from the Acquisition Date). Any such revisions or changes may be material as we finalize the fair values of the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed.

Note 3 — Net Income Per Share
 
The computations of basic and diluted net income per share for the Company were as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Six Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Net Income
 
$
56,358

 
$
47,045

 
$
93,365

 
$
68,986

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares used in net income per share computation:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Weighted average shares outstanding - basic
 
164,120

 
162,222

 
163,765

 
162,176

Effect of potentially dilutive equivalent shares
 
4,958

 
3,327

 
4,945

 
2,750

Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted
 
169,078

 
165,549

 
168,710

 
164,926

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
 
$
0.34

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.57

 
$
0.43

Diluted
 
$
0.33

 
$
0.28

 
$
0.55

 
$
0.42

 
Share equivalents attributable to outstanding stock options and restricted stock units of 0.6 million and 2.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and 1.2 million and 3.1 million for the six months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, were anti-dilutive and excluded from the calculation of diluted net income per share.
 
Note 4 — Employee Benefit Plans
 
Employee Share Purchase Plans and Stock Incentive Plans
 
As of September 30, 2017, the Company offers the 2006 ESPP (2006 Employee Share Purchase Plan (Non-U.S.)), the 1996 ESPP (1996 Employee Share Purchase Plan (U.S.)), the 2006 Plan (2006 Stock Incentive Plan) and the 2012 Plan (2012 Stock Inducement Equity Plan).

The following table summarizes the share-based compensation expense and total income tax benefit recognized for share-based awards for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Six Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Cost of goods sold
 
$
1,091

 
$
638

 
$
1,802

 
$
1,313

Marketing and selling
 
4,343

 
3,244

 
8,724

 
6,681

Research and development
 
1,633

 
917

 
3,176

 
1,831

General and administrative
 
3,911

 
3,651

 
7,981

 
7,142

Total share-based compensation expense
 
10,978

 
8,450

 
21,683

 
16,967

Income tax benefit
 
(3,677
)
 
(1,886
)
 
(14,959
)
 
(3,701
)
Total share-based compensation expense, net of income tax
 
$
7,301

 
$
6,564

 
$
6,724

 
$
13,266



14


The income tax benefit in the respective period primarily consists of tax benefit related to the share-based compensation expense for the period and direct tax benefit realized, including net excess tax benefits recognized, from stock-based awards vested or exercised during the period.

As of September 30, 2017 and 2016, the Company capitalized $0.8 million and $0.4 million of stock-based compensation expense to inventory, respectively.
 
Defined Benefit Plans
 
Certain of the Company’s subsidiaries sponsor defined benefit pension plans or non-retirement post-employment benefits covering substantially all of their employees. Benefits are provided based on employees’ years of service and earnings, or in accordance with applicable employee benefit regulations. The Company’s practice is to fund amounts sufficient to meet the requirements set forth in the applicable employee benefit and tax regulations. The cost recorded of $2.3 million and $2.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $4.6 million and $5.6 million for the six months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, was primarily related to service costs.
 
Note 5 — Income Taxes
 
The Company is incorporated in Switzerland but operates in various countries with differing tax laws and rates. Further, a portion of the Company’s income before taxes and the provision for (benefit from) income taxes are generated outside of Switzerland.
 
The income tax provision for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was $4.1 million based on an effective income tax rate of 6.8% of pre-tax income, compared to an income tax provision of $5.6 million based on an effective income tax rate of 10.6% of pre-tax income for the three months ended September 30, 2016. The income tax benefit for the six months ended September 30, 2017 was $1.3 million based on an effective income tax rate of (1.5)% of pre-tax income, compared to an income tax provision of $8.7 million based on an effective income tax rate of 11.1% for the six months ended September 30, 2016

The change in the effective income tax rate is primarily due to the recognition of excess tax benefits of $1.1 million and $11.0 million, respectively, in the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 after adoption of ASU 2016-09, compared to the same periods ended September 30, 2016. In the three and six months ended September 30, 2017, there was a discrete tax benefit of $0.7 million and $1.9 million, respectively, from the reversal of uncertain tax positions from the expiration of statutes of limitations. In the same periods ended September 30, 2016, the tax benefit from the reversal of uncertain tax positions from the expiration of statutes of limitations was $0.7 million and $1.8 million, respectively.

As of September 30 and March 31, 2017, the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits due to uncertain tax positions was $68.7 million and $63.7 million, respectively, all of which would affect the effective income tax rate if recognized.
 
The Company had $33.2 million in non-current income taxes payable and $1.9 million in current income taxes payable, including interest and penalties, related to its income tax liability for uncertain tax positions as of September 30, 2017, compared to $51.8 million in non-current income taxes payable and $1.5 million in current income taxes payable as of March 31, 2017. The Company anticipates a settlement of $1.9 million with the tax authorities in a foreign jurisdiction in the third quarter of fiscal year 2018.
 
The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax positions in income tax expense. As of September 30 and March 31, 2017, the Company had $3.2 million and $3.0 million, respectively, of accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions.
 
Although the Company has adequately provided for uncertain tax positions, the provisions on these positions may change as revised estimates are made or the underlying matters are settled or otherwise resolved. During fiscal year 2018, the Company will continue to review its tax positions and provide for or reverse unrecognized tax benefits as issues arise. During the next twelve months, it is reasonably possible that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits could increase or decrease significantly due to changes in tax law in various jurisdictions, new tax audits and changes in the U.S. dollar as compared to other currencies. Excluding these factors, uncertain tax

15


positions may decrease by as much as $7.8 million from the lapse of the statutes of limitations in various jurisdictions during the next twelve months.

Note 6 — Balance Sheet Components
 
The following table presents the components of certain balance sheet asset amounts as of September 30 and March 31, 2017 (in thousands): 
 
 
September 30,
2017
 
March 31,
2017
Accounts receivable, net:
 
 

 
 

Accounts receivable
 
$
529,842

 
$
395,754

Allowance for doubtful accounts
 
(229
)
 
(607
)
Allowance for sales returns
 
(21,712
)
 
(18,800
)
Allowance for cooperative marketing arrangements
 
(28,758
)
 
(28,022
)
Allowance for customer incentive programs
 
(70,413
)
 
(60,857
)
Allowance for pricing programs
 
(130,891
)
 
(102,289
)
 
 
$
277,839

 
$
185,179

Inventories:
 
 

 
 

Raw materials
 
$
46,405

 
$
30,582

Finished goods
 
284,017

 
222,819

 
 
$
330,422

 
$
253,401

Other current assets:
 
 

 
 

Value-added tax receivables
 
$
23,693

 
$
23,132

Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
24,028

 
18,600

 
 
$
47,721

 
$
41,732

Property, plant and equipment, net:
 
 

 
 

Property, plant and equipment at cost
 
$
359,333

 
$
348,760

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
(271,978
)
 
(263,352
)
 
 
$
87,355

 
$
85,408

Other assets:
 
 

 
 

Deferred tax assets
 
$
103,071

 
$
57,303

Trading investments for deferred compensation plan
 
17,583

 
15,043

Investments in privately held companies
 
11,495

 
10,776

Other assets
 
5,995

 
4,997

 
 
$
138,144

 
$
88,119






16


The following table presents the components of certain balance sheet liability amounts as of September 30 and March 31, 2017 (in thousands): 
 
 
September 30,
2017
 
March 31,
2017
Accrued and other current liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Accrued personnel expenses
 
$
68,645

 
$
88,346

Indirect customer incentive programs
 
41,710

 
36,409

Warranty accrual
 
14,567

 
13,424

Employee benefit plan obligation
 
1,841

 
1,266

Income taxes payable
 
6,950

 
6,232

Contingent consideration for business acquisition - current portion
 
5,000

 
2,889

Other current liabilities
 
90,463

 
83,707

 
 
$
229,176

 
$
232,273

Other non-current liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Warranty accrual
 
$
9,782

 
$
8,487

Obligation for deferred compensation plan
 
17,583

 
15,043

Employee benefit plan obligation
 
43,057

 
41,998

Deferred tax liability
 
1,789

 
1,789

Contingent consideration for business acquisition - non-current portion
 

 
7,019

Other non-current liabilities
 
8,692

 
9,355

 
 
$
80,903

 
$
83,691


Note 7 — Fair Value Measurements
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
The Company considers fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company utilizes the following three-level fair value hierarchy to establish the priorities of the inputs used to measure fair value:
 
Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
 
Level 2 — Observable inputs other than quoted market prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
 
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.


17


The following table presents the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis, excluding assets related to the Company’s defined benefit pension plans, classified by the level within the fair value hierarchy (in thousands): 
 
 
September 30, 2017
 
March 31, 2017
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash equivalents
 
$
286,074

 
$

 
$

 
$
448,742

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Time deposits included in short-term investments
 
$

 
$
6,789

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Trading investments for deferred compensation plan included in other assets:
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

Money market funds
 
$
3,110

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,813

 
$

 
$

Mutual funds
 
14,473

 

 

 
12,230

 

 

Total of trading investments for deferred compensation plan
 
$
17,583

 
$

 
$

 
$
15,043

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency exchange derivative assets
included in other current assets
 
$

 
$
165

 
$

 
$

 
$
48

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisition-related contingent
consideration included in accrued and
other current liabilities and other non-current liabilities
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
9,908

Currency exchange derivative liabilities
included in accrued and other current liabilities
 
$

 
$
107

 
$

 
$

 
$
443

 
$

 
The following table summarizes the changes in fair value of the Company’s contingent consideration balance measured with Level 3 inputs during the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Six Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Beginning of the period
 
$
7,475

 
$
18,000

 
$
9,908

 
$

Fair value of contingent consideration upon acquisition
 

 

 

 
18,000

Change in fair value of contingent consideration
 
(2,930
)
 

 
(4,908
)
 

Expected payment
 
(4,545
)
 

 
(5,000
)
 

End of the period
 
$

 
$
18,000

 
$

 
$
18,000


Acquisition-related contingent consideration

On April 20, 2016 (the "Jaybird Acquisition Date"), the Company acquired all of the equity interest of Jaybird, LLC (“Jaybird”). The acquisition-related contingent consideration liability arising from the Jaybird acquisition represents the future potential earn-out payments of up to $45.0 million based on the achievement of certain net revenue targets over approximately a two year period. If the net revenue targets are met, the Company will pay a maximum of $25.0 million and $20.0 million in fiscal years 2018 and 2019, respectively. The fair value of the earn-out as of the Jaybird Acquisition Date was $18.0 million, which was determined by using a Monte Carlo Simulation that includes significant unobservable inputs such as a risk-adjusted discount rate of 16% and projected net sales of Jaybird over the earn-out period. The fair value is remeasured at each reporting period at the estimated fair value based on the inputs on the date of remeasurement, with the change in fair value recognized as "change in fair value of contingent consideration for business acquisition" in the operating expense section in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Projected net sales are based on the Company's internal projections, including analysis of the target markets. In October 2017, the Company and the sellers of Jaybird entered into an agreement fully, irrevocably and unconditionally releasing the Company from the earn-out rights and payments in

18


exchange for $5.0 million in cash, which approximates the fair value of the contingent consideration as of September 30, 2017 and the expected cash payment is included in the accrued and other current liabilities.
 
Investment Securities
 
The marketable securities for the Company's deferred compensation plan are recorded at a fair value of $17.6 million and $15.0 million, respectively, as of September 30, 2017 and March 31, 2017, based on quoted market prices. Quoted market prices are observable inputs that are classified as Level 1 within the fair value hierarchy. Unrealized trading gains / (losses) related to trading securities for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 were not material and are included in other income (expense), net in the Company's condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

The Company’s non-marketable cost method investments, and non-financial assets, such as goodwill, intangible assets and property, plant and equipment, are recorded at fair value only upon initial recognition or if an impairment is recognized. There were no material impairments of long-lived assets during the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 or 2016.

Non-marketable cost method investments. These investments are classified as Level 3 due to the absence of quoted market prices, the inherent lack of liquidity, and the fact that inputs used to measure fair value are unobservable and require management's judgment. When certain events or circumstances indicate that impairment may exist, the Company revalues the investments using various assumptions, including the financial metrics and ratios of comparable public companies.

The primary investment included in non-marketable investments is the Company’s investment in Series A Preferred Stock of Lifesize Inc. ("Lifesize") recorded at the fair value of $5.6 million on the date of the Lifesize divestiture.
 
The aggregate recorded amount of cost method investments included in other assets as of September 30, 2017 and March 31, 2017 was $7.1 million and $7.4 million, respectively.

Note 8 — Derivative Financial Instruments
 
Under certain agreements with the respective counterparties to the Company’s derivative contracts, subject to applicable requirements, the Company is allowed to net settle transactions of the same type with a single net amount payable by one party to the other. However, the Company presents its derivative assets and derivative liabilities on a gross basis on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2017 and March 31, 2017.

The fair values of the Company’s derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments were not material as of September 30, 2017 or March 31, 2017. The following table presents the fair values of the Company’s derivative instruments designated as hedging instruments on a gross basis in other current assets or accrued and other current liabilities on its condensed consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2017 and March 31, 2017 (in thousands):
 
 
Derivatives
 
 
Asset
 
Liability
 
 
September 30,
2017
 
March 31,
2017
 
September 30,
2017
 
March 31,
2017
Cash flow hedges
 
$
165

 
$
48

 
$
38

 
$
402


19


 
The amount of gain (loss) recognized on derivatives not designated as hedging instruments were not material in all periods presented herein. The following table presents the amounts of gains (losses) on the Company’s derivative instruments designated as hedging instruments and their locations on its condensed consolidated statements of operations and condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Deferred as a Component of Accumulated
Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Amount of Loss
Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss to
Costs of Goods Sold
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Cash flow hedges
 
$
(2,140
)
 
$
564

 
$
2,596

 
$
155

 
 
Six Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Deferred as a Component of Accumulated
Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Amount of Loss
Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss to
Costs of Goods Sold
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Cash flow hedges
 
$
(5,349
)
 
$
1,529

 
$
3,129

 
$
895



Cash Flow Hedges
 
The Company enters into cash flow hedge contracts to protect against exchange rate exposure of forecasted inventory purchases. These hedging contracts mature within four months. Gains and losses in the fair value of the effective portion of the hedges are deferred as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss until the hedged inventory purchases are sold, at which time the gains or losses are reclassified to cost of goods sold. Cash flows from such hedges are classified as operating activities in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. The notional amounts of foreign currency exchange forward contracts outstanding related to forecasted inventory purchases were $149.1 million and $59.4 million as of September 30, 2017 and March 31, 2017, respectively. The Company estimates that $2.7 million of net losses related to its cash flow hedges included in accumulated other comprehensive loss as of September 30, 2017 will be reclassified into earnings within the next 12 months.
 
Other Derivatives
 
The Company also enters into foreign currency exchange forward and swap contracts to reduce the short-term effects of currency exchange rate fluctuations on certain receivables or payables denominated in currencies other than the functional currencies of its subsidiaries. These contracts generally mature within one month. The primary risk managed by using forward and swap contracts is the currency exchange rate risk. The gains or losses on these contracts are recognized in other income (expense), net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations based on the changes in fair value. The notional amounts of these contracts outstanding as of September 30, 2017 and March 31, 2017 were $95.6 million and $56.7 million, respectively. Open forward and swap contracts outstanding as of September 30, 2017 and March 31, 2017 consisted of contracts in Mexican Pesos, Japanese Yen, British Pounds, Taiwanese Dollars, Canadian Dollars, Australian Dollars and Chinese Renminbi to be settled at future dates at pre-determined exchange rates.
 
The fair value of all foreign currency exchange forward and swap contracts is determined based on observable market transactions of spot currency rates and forward rates. Cash flows from these contracts are classified as operating activities in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.

Note 9 — Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

The Company conducts its impairment analysis of the goodwill annually at December 31 and as necessary if changes in facts and circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the Company’s

20


reporting units may be less than its carrying amount. There have been no events or circumstances during the six months ended September 30, 2017 that have required the Company to perform an interim assessment of goodwill.
 
The following table summarizes the activities in the Company’s goodwill balance during the six months ended September 30, 2017 (in thousands):
As of March 31, 2017
 
$
249,741

Business acquisitions (See Note 2)
 
21,386

Currency impact
 
27

As of September 30, 2017
 
$
271,154

The Company's acquired intangible assets subject to amortization were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
September 30, 2017
 
March 31, 2017
 
 
Gross Carrying Amount
(Note 2)
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Carrying Amount
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Carrying Amount
Trademark and trade names
 
$
23,380

 
$
(8,012
)
 
$
15,368

 
$
16,500

 
$
(6,933
)
 
$
9,567

Developed Technology
 
75,825

 
(46,225
)
 
29,600

 
63,285

 
(42,831
)
 
20,454

Customer contracts/relationships
 
58,280

 
(9,402
)
 
48,878

 
25,180

 
(7,637
)
 
17,543

Total
 
$
157,485

 
$
(63,639
)
 
$
93,846

 
$
104,965

 
$
(57,401
)
 
$
47,564

    

Note 10 — Financing Arrangements
 
The Company had several uncommitted, unsecured bank lines of credit aggregating $68.2 million as of September 30, 2017. There are no financial covenants under these lines of credit with which the Company must comply. As of September 30, 2017, the Company had outstanding bank guarantees of $39.8 million under these lines of credit. There was no borrowing outstanding under these lines of credit as of September 30, 2017 or March 31, 2017.

Note 11— Commitments and Contingencies
 
Product Warranties
 
All of the Company’s peripherals products sold are covered by warranty to be free from defects in material and workmanship. The warranty period varies by product and by region.
 
Changes in the Company’s warranty liability for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 were as follows (in thousands): 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Six Months Ended
September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Beginning of the period
$
22,056

 
$
21,752

 
$
21,911

 
$
20,380

Assumed from business acquisition
1,230

 
150

 
1,230

 
1,963

Provision
5,414

 
3,163

 
9,715

 
6,340

Settlements
(4,611
)
 
(3,452
)
 
(9,179
)
 
(6,880
)
Currency translation
260

 
(1
)
 
672

 
(191
)
End of the period
$
24,349

 
$
21,612

 
$
24,349

 
$
21,612

 
Guarantees
 

21


Logitech Europe S.A., one of our wholly-owned subsidiaries, guaranteed payments of certain third-party contract manufacturers’ purchase obligations. As of September 30, 2017, the maximum amount of this guarantee was $3.8 million, of which $1.4 million of guaranteed purchase obligations were outstanding.

Indemnifications
 
The Company indemnifies certain of its suppliers and customers for losses arising from matters such as intellectual property disputes and product safety defects, subject to certain restrictions. The scope of these indemnities varies, but in some instances, includes indemnification for damages and expenses, including reasonable attorneys’ fees. As of September 30, 2017, no amounts have been accrued for these indemnification provisions. The Company does not believe, based on historical experience and information currently available, that it is probable that any material amounts will be required to be paid under its indemnification arrangements.
 
The Company also indemnifies its current and former directors and certain of its current and former officers. Certain costs incurred for providing such indemnification may be recoverable under various insurance policies. The Company is unable to reasonably estimate the maximum amount that could be payable under these arrangements because these exposures are not limited, the obligations are conditional in nature and the facts and circumstances involved in any situation that might arise are variable.

The stock purchase agreement entered on December 28, 2015 in connection with the investment by three venture capital firms in Lifesize contains representations, warranties and covenants of Logitech and Lifesize, Inc. to the Investors. Logitech has agreed, subject to certain limitations, to indemnify the Investors and certain persons related to the Investors for certain losses resulting from breaches of or inaccuracies in such representations, warranties and covenants as well as certain other obligations, including third-party expenses, restructuring costs and pre-closing tax obligations of Lifesize.
 
Legal Proceedings
 
From time to time the Company is involved in claims and legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of its business. The Company is currently subject to several such claims and a small number of legal proceedings. The Company believes that these matters lack merit and intends to vigorously defend against them. Based on currently available information, the Company does not believe that resolution of pending matters will have a material adverse effect on its financial condition, cash flows or results of operations. However, litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and there can be no assurances that the Company’s defenses will be successful or that any such lawsuit or claim would not have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business, financial condition, cash flows or results of operations in a particular period. Any claims or proceedings against the Company, whether meritorious or not, can have an adverse impact because of defense costs, diversion of management and operational resources, negative publicity and other factors. Any failure to obtain a necessary license or other rights, or litigation arising out of intellectual property claims, could adversely affect the Company’s business.

Note 12 — Shareholders’ Equity
 
Share Repurchase Program

In March 2014, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the 2014 share buyback program, which authorizes the Company to use up to $250.0 million to purchase its own shares. This share buyback program expired in April 2017.

In March 2017, the Company's Board of Directors approved the 2017 share buyback program, which authorizes the Company to use up to $250.0 million to purchase up to 17.3 million shares of its own shares following the expiration date of the 2014 buyback program. The Company's share buyback program is expected to remain in effect for a period of three years. Shares may be repurchased from time to time on the open market, through block trades or otherwise. Purchases may be started or stopped at any time without prior notice depending on market conditions and other factors.

During the six months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, 0.3 million and 2.4 million shares, respectively, were repurchased for $10.7 million and $42.9 million, respectively.

22



Cash Dividend on Shares of Common

During the three and six months ended September 30, 2017, the Company declared and paid cash dividends of CHF 0.61 (USD equivalent of $0.63) per common share, totaling $104.2 million on the Company's outstanding common stock. During the three and six months ended September 30, 2016, the Company declared and paid cash dividends of CHF 0.56 (USD equivalent of $0.57) per common share, totaling $93.1 million on the Company's outstanding common stock.

Any future dividends will be subject to the approval of the Company's shareholders.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
The components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
Cumulative
Translation
Adjustment (1)
 
Defined
Benefit
Plan (1)
 
Deferred
Hedging
Losses
 
Total
March 31, 2017
 
$
(89,708
)
 
$
(10,480
)
 
$
(518
)
 
$
(100,706
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
3,641

 
482

 
(2,220
)
 
1,903

September 30, 2017
 
$
(86,067
)
 
$
(9,998
)
 
$
(2,738
)
 
$
(98,803
)
 
(1)        Tax effect was not significant as of September 30 or March 31, 2017.
 
Note 13 — Segment Information
 
The Company has determined that it operates in a single operating segment that encompasses the design, manufacturing and marketing of peripherals for PCs, tablets and other digital platforms. Operating performance measures are provided directly to the Company's Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”), who is considered to be the Company’s Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”). The CEO periodically reviews information such as net sales and operating income (loss) to make business decisions. These operating performance measures do not include restructuring charges (credits), net, share-based compensation expense, amortization of intangible assets, charges from the purchase accounting effect on inventory, acquisition-related costs, investigation and related expenses, or change in fair value of contingent consideration from business acquisition.

Net sales by product categories, excluding intercompany transactions, for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Six Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Pointing Devices
 
$
123,643

 
$
123,300

 
$
245,717

 
$
240,083

Keyboards & Combos
 
119,200

 
116,516

 
235,313

 
234,535

PC Webcams
 
27,466

 
24,307

 
53,091

 
49,569

Tablet & Other Accessories
 
30,784

 
20,614

 
54,002

 
34,499

Video Collaboration
 
46,139

 
28,581

 
81,756

 
52,491

Mobile Speakers
 
90,548

 
97,172

 
153,466

 
154,468

Audio-PC & Wearables
 
62,445

 
62,254

 
112,647

 
118,833

Gaming
 
113,722

 
79,193

 
191,430

 
135,693

Smart Home
 
18,323

 
11,807

 
34,789

 
22,974

Other (1)
 
200

 
560

 
205

 
1,023

Total net sales
 
$
632,470

 
$
564,304

 
$
1,162,416

 
$
1,044,168


(1) Other category includes products that the Company currently intends to transition out of, or has already transitioned out of, because they are no longer strategic to the Company's business.

23


Net sales by geographic region (based on the customers’ locations) for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Six Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Americas
 
$
261,993

 
$
239,830

 
$
507,393

 
$
462,455

EMEA
 
218,323

 
200,636

 
368,914

 
343,558

Asia Pacific
 
152,154

 
123,838

 
286,109

 
238,155

Total net sales
 
$
632,470

 
$
564,304

 
$
1,162,416

 
$
1,044,168

 
Sales are attributed to countries on the basis of the customers’ locations.

The United States and Germany each represented more than 10% of the total consolidated net sales for the periods presented herein. No other countries represented more than 10% of the Company’s total consolidated net sales for the periods presented herein.

Switzerland, the Company’s home domicile, represented 2% of the Company’s total consolidated net sales for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017, and 3% and 2% for the three and six months ended September 30, 2016, respectively.

Two customer groups of the Company each represented more than 10% of the total consolidated net sales for the periods presented herein.
 
Tangible long-lived assets by geographic region were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
September 30,
2017
 
March 31,
2017
Americas
 
$
37,725

 
$
37,242

EMEA
 
4,110

 
4,006

Asia Pacific
 
45,520

 
44,160

Total tangible long-lived assets
 
$
87,355

 
$
85,408

 
Tangible long-lived assets in the United States and China were $37.6 million and $38.1 million, respectively, as of September 30, 2017, and $37.1 million and $37.2 million, respectively, as of March 31, 2017. No other countries represented more than 10% of the Company’s total consolidated tangible long-lived assets as of September 30, 2017 or March 31, 2017. Tangible long-lived assets in Switzerland, the Company’s home domicile, were $2.0 million and $2.1 million as of September 30, 2017 and March 31, 2017, respectively.
 

24


ITEM 2.   MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
You should read the following discussion in conjunction with the interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes.
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements regarding our strategy for growth, future revenues, earnings, cash flow, uses of cash and other measures of financial performance, and market position, our business strategy, the impact of investment prioritization decisions, product offerings, sales and marketing initiatives, strategic investments, addressing execution challenges, trends in consumer demand affecting our products and markets, trends in the composition of our customer base, our current or future revenue and revenue mix by product, among our lower- and higher-margin products, our new product introductions and by geographic region, our expectations regarding the potential growth opportunities for our products in mature and emerging markets and the enterprise market, our expectations regarding economic conditions in international markets, including China, Russia and Ukraine, our expectations regarding trends in global economic conditions and consumer demand for PCs and mobile devices, tablets, gaming, audio, pointing devices, wearables, remotes and other accessories and computer devices and the interoperability of our products with such third party platforms, our expectations regarding the convergence of markets for computing devices and consumer electronics, our expectations regarding the growth of cloud-based services, our expected reduction in size of our product portfolio and dependence on new products, our competitive position and the effect of pricing, product, marketing and other initiatives by us and our competitors, the potential that our new products will overlap with our current products, our expectations regarding competition from well-established consumer electronics companies in existing and new markets, our expectations regarding the recoverability of our goodwill, goodwill impairment charge estimates and the potential for future impairment charges, the impact of our current and proposed product divestitures, changes in our planned divestitures, and the timing thereof, our expectations regarding the success of our strategic acquisitions, including integration of acquired operations, products, technology, internal controls, personnel and management teams, significant fluctuations in currency exchange rates and commodity prices, the impact of new product introductions and product innovation on future performance or anticipated costs and expenses and the timing thereof, cash flows, the sufficiency of our cash and cash equivalents, cash generated and available borrowings (including the availability of our uncommitted lines of credit) to fund future cash requirements, our expectations regarding future sales compared to actual sales, our expectations regarding share repurchases, dividend payments and share cancellations, our expectations regarding our future working capital requirements and our anticipated capital expenditures needed to support our product development and expanded operations, our expectations regarding our future tax benefits, tax settlements, and the adequacy of our provisions for uncertain tax positions, our expectations regarding our potential indemnification obligations, and the outcome of pending or future legal proceedings and tax audits, our remediation efforts to address our material weaknesses, our belief that our disclosure controls and procedures will become effective at the reasonable assurance level by the end of fiscal year 2018, our expectations regarding the impact of new accounting pronouncements on our operating results, and our ability to achieve and sustain renewed growth, profitability and future success. Forward-looking statements also include, among others, those statements including the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “project,” “predict,”, "seek", “should,” “will,” and similar language. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual performance to differ materially from that anticipated in the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We undertake no obligation to publicly release any revisions to the forward-looking statements or reflect events or circumstances after the date of this document.
 
Overview of Our Company
 
Logitech is a world leader in designing, manufacturing and marketing products that have an everyday place in people's lives, connecting them to the digital experiences they care about. More than 35 years ago Logitech created products to improve experiences around the PC platform, and now it is designing products that enable better experiences consuming, sharing and creating any digital content (e.g. music, gaming, video), whether it is on a computer, mobile device or in the cloud. Logitech's brands include Logitech, Jaybird, ASTRO, Logitech G and Ultimate Ears.


25


Our products participate in five large markets that all have growth opportunities: Music, Gaming, Video Collaboration, Smart Home and Creativity & Productivity. We sell our products to a broad network of domestic and international customers, including direct sales to retailers and e-tailers, and indirect sales through distributors. Our worldwide channel network includes consumer electronics distributors, retailers, mass merchandisers, specialty electronics stores, computer and telecommunications stores, value-added resellers and online merchants.
From time to time, we may seek to partner with, or acquire when appropriate, companies that have products, personnel, and technologies that complement our strategic direction. We continually review our product offerings and our strategic direction in light of our profitability targets, competitive conditions, changing consumer trends and the evolving nature of the interface between the consumer and the digital world.
On August 11, 2017 (the "Acquisition Date"), we acquired certain assets and liabilities constituting the ASTRO Gaming business ("ASTRO") from AG Acquisition Corporation for a preliminary purchase price of $85.0 million in cash (the "ASTRO Acquisition"). ASTRO is a leading console gaming brand with a history of producing award-winning headsets for professional gamers and enthusiasts.

Summary of Financial Results

Our net sales for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 increased 12% and 11%, respectively, compared to the three and six months ended September 30, 2016, due to stronger net sales across all regions. The results of operations for ASTRO have been included in our condensed consolidated statements of operations from the Acquisition Date. For the three and six months ended September 30, 2017, Saitek, which was acquired on September 15, 2016, and ASTRO contributed a combined total of $7.0 million and $9.7 million to net sales, respectively, representing approximately 1% of the net sales for both periods.

Our net sales for the three months ended September 30, 2017 increased 9%9% and 23% in the Americas, EMEA and Asia Pacific, respectively, compared to the same period of the prior fiscal year. Our net sales for the six months ended September 30, 2017 increased 10%7% and 20% in the Americas, EMEA and Asia Pacific, respectively, compared to the same period of the prior fiscal year.

Given our global sales presence and the reporting of our financial results in U.S. Dollars, our financial results could be affected by shifts in currency exchange rates. See “Results of Operations” for information on the effect of currency exchange results on our net sales. If the U.S. Dollar becomes stronger or weaker in comparison to other currencies, it will also affect our results of operations in future periods.

We added a new third party logistics provider and distribution center in the United States in the second half of the second quarter of fiscal year 2018 to support our growth.  We experienced significant challenges in the transition, operating procedures and in ramping fulfillment in the second quarter and early third quarter of fiscal year 2018. Those challenges have added additional cost in these periods.

Our gross margin for the three months ended September 30, 2017 decreased to 36.0% from 36.7% for the three months ended September 30, 2016. The decrease in gross margin was primarily driven by an increase in promotions related to product transition, product mix, and additional costs from transition of the distribution center in the United States, partially offset by product cost reductions.

Our gross margin for the six months ended September 30, 2017 increased to 36.3% from 36.0% for the six months ended September 30, 2016. The increase in gross margin was primarily driven by product cost reductions, partially offset by an increase in promotions related to product transition, product mix, and additional costs from transition of the distribution center in the United States.

Operating expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2017 were $168.8 million, or 26.7% of net sales, compared to $153.5 million, or 27.2% of net sales, in the same period of the prior fiscal year. Operating expenses for the six months ended September 30, 2017 were $331.0 million, or 28.5% of net sales, compared to $296.2 million, or 28.4% of net sales, in the same period of the prior fiscal year. The increases were primarily driven by higher personnel-related costs due to increased headcount and higher external expenses to support the advertising, marketing, and research and development efforts for our new products, partially offset by a credit from change in fair value of contingent consideration from the Jaybird Acquisition.


26


Net income for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 was $56.4 million and $93.4 million, compared to $47.0 million and $69.0 million for the three and six months ended September 30, 2016.
 
Trends in Our Business
 
Our strategy focuses on five large multi-category markets, including Music, Gaming, Video Collaboration, Smart Home and Creativity & Productivity. We see opportunities to deliver growth in all these markets.

We believe our future growth will be determined by our ability to rapidly create innovative products across multiple digital platforms, including gaming, digital music devices, video and computing. The following discussion represents key trends specific to our market opportunities.
Trends Specific to Our Five Market Opportunities
Music: The music market grew during the first half of fiscal year 2018, driven by growing consumption of music through mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. According to the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), revenues from streaming music platforms grew significantly in the first half of 2017. This market growth, together with our investments in the Ultimate Ears and Jaybird brands, new channel expansion, integration of personal voice assistants, such as Google Home and Amazon Alexa, and our new product introductions, has driven our growth in this market. The integration of personal voice assistants has become increasingly competitive in the speaker categories.

Gaming: The PC gaming and console gaming platforms continue to show strong growth as online gaming, multi-platform experiences, and eSports gain greater popularity and gaming content becomes increasingly more demanding. We believe Logitech is well positioned to benefit from the PC gaming market growth. With the ASTRO Acquisition, we are also strengthening our portfolio in adjacent categories, such as the console gaming market.

Video Collaboration: The near and long-term structural growth opportunities in the video collaboration market is still significant. We are continuing our efforts to create and sell innovative products to accommodate the increasing demand from medium-sized meeting rooms to small-sized rooms such as huddle rooms. We will continue to invest in select business-specific products, targeted product marketing and sales channel development.

Smart Home: This market increased in fiscal year 2017 and has continued to grow in the first half of fiscal year 2018. In October 2016, we integrated Amazon Alexa and Google Assistant voice capabilities into our Logitech Harmony Hub that enables voice control of the living room entertainment experience when used with an Amazon Echo or Echo Dot or a Google Home device. Through Harmony, Alexa can turn on/off and control a TV and AV system. We have also seen success with the professional installer channel through the recent introduction of the Harmony Pro. We will continue to explore other innovative experiences for the Smart Home. 

Creativity & Productivity: Although new PC shipments continue to decline, the installed base of PC users remains large. We believe that innovative PC peripherals, such as our mice and keyboards, can renew the PC usage experience, providing growth opportunities. Smaller mobile computing devices, such as tablets, have created new markets and usage models for peripherals and accessories. We offer a number of products to enhance the use of mobile devices, including keyboard folios for the iPad Pro and iPad Mini, and keyboard covers and folios for the iPad Air.
Business Seasonality, Product Introductions and Acquisitions
We have historically experienced higher net sales in our third fiscal quarter ending December 31, compared to other fiscal quarters in our fiscal year, due in part to seasonal holiday demand. Additionally, new product introductions and business acquisitions can significantly impact net sales, product costs and operating expenses. Product introductions can also impact our net sales to our distribution channels as these channels are filled with new product inventory following a product introduction, and often channel inventory of an earlier model product declines as the next related major product launch approaches. Net sales can also be affected when consumers and distributors anticipate a product introduction. However, neither historical seasonal patterns nor historical patterns of product introductions should be considered reliable indicators of our future pattern of product introductions, future net sales or financial performance.


27


Critical Accounting Estimates

 The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with GAAP requires us to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets, liabilities, goodwill and intangible assets from business acquisitions, contingent consideration from business acquisitions, and net sales and expenses.

We consider an accounting estimate critical if it: (i) requires management to make judgments and estimates about matters that are inherently uncertain; and (ii) is important to an understanding of our financial condition and operating results.

We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Although these estimates are based on management's best knowledge of current events and actions that may impact us in the future, actual results could differ from those estimates. Management has discussed the development, selection and disclosure of these critical accounting estimates with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.
 
Other than the recent accounting pronouncement adoptions discussed below, there have been no substantial changes in the Company’s significant accounting policies during the six months ended September 30, 2017, compared with the significant accounting policies described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017.

Adoption of New Accounting Guidance

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11, "Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory (Topic 330)" ("ASU 2015-11"). Topic 330, Inventory, previously required an entity to measure inventory at the lower of cost or market, with market value represented by replacement cost, net realizable value or net realizable value less a normal profit margin. ASU 2015-11 requires an entity to measure inventory at the lower of cost or net realizable value and effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. We adopted this standard effective April 1, 2017, which has not had a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, "Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting" ("ASU 2016-09"). ASU 2016-09 simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payments, including immediate recognition of all excess tax benefits and deficiencies in the income statement, changing the threshold to qualify for equity classification up to the employees' maximum statutory tax rates, allowing an entity-wide accounting policy election to either estimate the number of awards that are expected to vest or account for forfeitures as they occur, and clarifying the classification on the statement of cash flows for the excess tax benefits and employee taxes paid when an employer withholds shares for tax withholding purposes. ASU 2016-09 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. We adopted this standard effective April 1, 2017. Changes to the statements of cash flows related to the classification of excess tax benefits were implemented on a retroactive basis and accordingly, to conform to the current year presentation, we reclassified $4.1 million of excess tax benefits previously reported under financing activities to operating activities for the six months ended September 30, 2016 on our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. Under the new standard, we account for forfeitures as they occur. The change in accounting for forfeitures resulted in a cumulative-effect adjustment to decrease retained earnings as of March 31, 2017 by $3.3 million. We further recognized a cumulative-effect adjustment to increase retained earnings as of March 31, 2017 by $57.2 million upon adoption of the new guidance to account for gross excess tax benefits of $75.2 million that were previously not recognized because the related tax deduction had not reduced current income taxes, offset by a valuation allowance of $18.0 million to reduce the deferred tax assets to amounts that are more likely than not to be realized.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, "Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (Topic 350)" ("ASU 2017-04"), which removes Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. ASU 2017-04 is effective for for annual or any interim goodwill impairments in annual periods beginning December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. We adopted this standard effective April 1, 2017, which has not had a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, "Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting" ("ASU 2017-09"), which provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions

28


of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. ASU 2017-09 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted, including adoption in any interim period for which financial statements have not yet been issued. We adopted this standard effective April 1, 2017, which has not had a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

Refer to Note 1 to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for recent accounting pronouncements to be adopted.

Impact of Constant Currency

We refer to our net sales growth rates excluding the impact of currency exchange rate fluctuations as "constant dollar" sales growth rates. Percentage of constant dollar sales growth is calculated by translating prior period sales in each local currency at the current period’s average exchange rate for that currency and comparing that to current period sales.

Given our global sales presence and the reporting of our financial results in U.S. Dollars, our financial results could be affected by significant shifts in currency exchange rates. See “Results of Operations” for information on the effect of currency exchange results on our net sales. If the U.S. Dollar appreciates in comparison to other currencies in future periods, this will affect our results of operations in future periods as well.

Sales Denominated in Other Currencies

Although our financial results are reported in U.S. Dollars, a portion of our sales were generated in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar, such as the Euro, Chinese Renminbi, Japanese Yen, Canadian Dollar, Taiwan New Dollar, British Pound and Australian Dollar. During the three months ended September 30, 2017, 51% of our net sales were denominated in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar.
Results of Operations
 Net Sales
Net sales for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 were as follows (Dollars in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Six Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
Change
 
2017
 
2016
 
Change
Net Sales
 
$
632,470

 
$
564,304

 
12
%
 
$
1,162,416

 
$
1,044,168

 
11
%

Our net sales in the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 increased 12% and 11%, respectively, compared to the same periods of the prior fiscal year. Sales increased across all three regions during the three and six months ended September 30, 2017. If currency exchange rates had been constant in the three and six months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, our constant dollar sales growth rates would have been 11% and 12%, respectively. We grew across most of our product categories, out of which Gaming, Video Collaboration, Tablet and Other Accessories, and Smart Home grew double digits for both periods presented above. For the three months ended September 30, 2017, growth in these product categories was partially offset by the decline in the sales of our Mobile Speakers.


29


Net Sales by Region
 
The following table presents the change in net sales by region for the three and six months ended September 30, 2017, compared with the three and six months ended September 30, 2016:
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2017 Change in Sales
 
Six Months Ended
September 30, 2017
Change in Sales
Americas
9
%
 
10
%
EMEA
9

 
7

Asia Pacific
23

 
20

 
Americas:
 
Net sales in the Americas increased 9% and 10% during the three and six months ended September 30, 2017, respectively, compared to the same periods of the prior fiscal year. If currency exchange rates had been constant in