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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON CO N Va20170331ex322.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON CO N Va20170331ex321.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON CO N Va20170331ex312.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON CO N Va20170331ex311.htm
EX-10.11 - EXHIBIT 10.11 - CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON CO N Va20170331ex1011.htm
EX-10.10 - EXHIBIT 10.10 - CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON CO N Va20170331ex1010.htm
EX-10.9 - EXHIBIT 10.9 - CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON CO N Va20170331ex109.htm
EX-10.8 - EXHIBIT 10.8 - CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON CO N Va20170331ex108.htm
EX-10.7 - EXHIBIT 10.7 - CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON CO N Va20170331ex107.htm
EX-10.1 - EXHIBIT 10.1 - CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON CO N Va20170331ex101.htm
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2017
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                       to                      
Commission File Number 1-12815
 
  CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON COMPANY N.V.
The Netherlands
 
Prinses Beatrixlaan 35
 
98-0420223
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
2595 AK The Hague
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)
 
The Netherlands
 
 
 
 
31 70 373 2010
 
 
 
 
(Address and telephone number of principal executive offices)
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    
x  Yes    o  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    
x  Yes    o  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
x
 
Accelerated filer
 
o
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
o  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company
 
o
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
o
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
 
o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    
o  Yes    x  No
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock as of April 27, 2017100,844,555
 



CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON COMPANY N.V.
Table of Contents
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON COMPANY N.V.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
(Unaudited)
Revenue
$
1,827,352

 
$
2,134,629

Cost of revenue
1,676,401

 
1,879,059

Gross profit
150,951

 
255,570

Selling and administrative expense
73,057

 
80,946

Intangibles amortization
6,486

 
7,077

Equity earnings
(7,611
)
 
(3,605
)
Other operating expense (income), net
31

 
(180
)
Operating income from continuing operations
78,988

 
171,332

Interest expense
(24,101
)
 
(20,065
)
Interest income
1,228

 
2,180

Income from continuing operations before taxes
56,115

 
153,447

Income tax expense
(13,704
)
 
(39,524
)
Net income from continuing operations
42,411

 
113,923

Net income from discontinued operations
9,494

 
6,039

Net income
51,905

 
119,962

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests ($413 and $448 related to discontinued operations)
(27,250
)
 
(13,037
)
Net income attributable to CB&I
$
24,655

 
$
106,925

Net income attributable to CB&I per share (Basic):
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.16

 
$
0.97

Discontinued operations
0.09

 
0.05

Total
$
0.25

 
$
1.02

Net income attributable to CB&I per share (Diluted):
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.15

 
$
0.96

Discontinued operations
0.09

 
0.05

Total
$
0.24

 
$
1.01

Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Basic
100,451

 
104,803

Diluted
101,360

 
105,785

Cash dividends on shares:
 
 
 
Amount
$
7,047

 
$
7,359

Per share
$
0.07

 
$
0.07

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

3


CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON COMPANY N.V.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
(Unaudited)
Net income
$
51,905

 
$
119,962

Other comprehensive income (loss) from continuing operations, net of tax:
 
 
 
Change in cumulative translation adjustment
24,410

 
22,459

Change in unrealized fair value of cash flow hedges
353

 
1,303

Change in unrecognized prior service pension credits/costs
(76
)
 
27

Change in unrecognized actuarial pension gains/losses
(1,433
)
 
(2,153
)
Other comprehensive income from discontinued operations, net of tax
495

 
233

Comprehensive income
75,654

 
141,831

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests ($413 and $448 related to discontinued operations)
(27,250
)
 
(13,037
)
Change in cumulative translation adjustment attributable to noncontrolling interests
(970
)
 
(1,257
)
Comprehensive income attributable to CB&I
$
47,434

 
$
127,537

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

4



CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON COMPANY N.V.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands)
 
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents ($234,309 and $328,387 related to variable interest entities ("VIEs"))
$
402,297

 
$
490,679

Accounts receivable, net ($148,964 and $53,159 related to VIEs)
679,147

 
488,513

Inventory
202,766

 
190,102

Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings ($83,198 and $26,186 related to VIEs)
493,828

 
410,749

Current assets of discontinued operations
915,324

 
414,732

Other current assets ($431,914 and $426,515 related to VIEs)
538,421

 
546,977

Total current assets
3,231,783

 
2,541,752

Equity investments
171,605

 
165,256

Property and equipment, net
500,187

 
505,944

Goodwill
2,816,232

 
2,813,803

Other intangibles, net
213,207

 
219,409

Deferred income taxes
714,574

 
730,108

Non-current assets of discontinued operations

 
462,144

Other non-current assets
416,383

 
401,004

Total assets
$
8,063,971

 
$
7,839,420

Liabilities
 
 
 
Revolving facility and other short-term borrowings
$
917,500

 
$
407,500

Current maturities of long-term debt, net
223,829

 
503,910

Accounts payable ($334,155 and $337,089 related to VIEs)
893,757

 
964,548

Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings ($446,849 and $407,325 related to VIEs)
1,481,540

 
1,395,349

Current liabilities of discontinued operations
258,817

 
247,469

Other current liabilities
959,173

 
1,017,473

Total current liabilities
4,734,616

 
4,536,249

Long-term debt, net
1,266,027

 
1,287,923

Deferred income taxes
6,454

 
7,307

Non-current liabilities of discontinued operations

 
5,388

Other non-current liabilities
439,122

 
441,216

Total liabilities
6,446,219

 
6,278,083

Shareholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Common stock, Euro .01 par value; shares authorized: 250,000; shares issued: 108,857 and 108,857; shares outstanding: 100,702 and 100,113
1,288

 
1,288

Additional paid-in capital
757,158

 
782,130

Retained earnings
1,388,214

 
1,370,606

Treasury stock, at cost: 8,155 and 8,744 shares
(313,105
)
 
(344,870
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(372,837
)
 
(395,616
)
Total CB&I shareholders’ equity
1,460,718

 
1,413,538

Noncontrolling interests ($7,288 and $6,874 related to discontinued operations)
157,034

 
147,799

Total shareholders’ equity
1,617,752

 
1,561,337

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
8,063,971

 
$
7,839,420

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5


CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON COMPANY N.V.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
(Unaudited)
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
51,905

 
$
119,962

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
26,264

 
31,801

Deferred income taxes
15,101

 
30,457

Stock-based compensation expense
10,247

 
14,532

Other operating income, net
(77
)
 
(219
)
Unrealized loss on foreign currency hedges
1,380

 
1,578

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

 
(34
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Increase in receivables, net
(217,122
)
 
(57,207
)
Change in contracts in progress, net
(6,057
)
 
58,361

(Increase) decrease in inventory
(12,346
)
 
27,477

Decrease in accounts payable
(95,117
)
 
(87,753
)
Decrease (increase) in other current and non-current assets
12,926

 
(13,305
)
(Decrease) increase in other current and non-current liabilities
(78,037
)
 
8,944

Decrease in equity investments
953

 
2,158

Change in other, net
(702
)
 
5,098

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
(290,682
)
 
141,850

Cash Flows from Investing Activities
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(12,274
)
 
(11,180
)
Advances with partners of proportionately consolidated ventures, net
(23,788
)
 
(25,787
)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment
1,108

 
4,331

Other, net
(8,342
)
 
(14,863
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(43,296
)
 
(47,499
)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
 
 
 
Revolving facility and other short-term borrowings (repayments), net
510,000

 
(82,700
)
Advances with equity method and proportionately consolidated ventures, net
47,099

 
137,219

Repayments on long-term debt
(300,000
)
 
(37,500
)
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

 
34

Purchase of treasury stock
(7,359
)
 
(7,562
)
Issuance of stock
3,877

 
4,477

Dividends paid
(7,047
)
 
(7,359
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(18,985
)
 
(18,001
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
227,585

 
(11,392
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
21,316

 
8,305

(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
(85,077
)
 
91,264

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
505,156

 
550,221

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
420,079

 
641,485

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period - discontinued operations
(17,782
)
 
(20,563
)
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period - continuing operations
$
402,297

 
$
620,922


The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

6


CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON COMPANY N.V.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands, except per share data)

 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Treasury Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive (Loss) Income
 
Non -
controlling Interests
 
Total
Shareholders’ Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 (Unaudited)
Balance at December 31, 2016
100,113

 
$
1,288

 
$
782,130

 
$
1,370,606

 
8,744

 
$
(344,870
)
 
$
(395,616
)
 
$
147,799

 
$
1,561,337

Net income

 

 

 
24,655

 

 

 

 
27,250

 
51,905

Change in cumulative translation adjustment, net

 

 

 

 

 

 
23,935

 
970

 
24,905

Change in unrealized fair value of cash flow hedges, net

 

 

 

 

 

 
353

 

 
353

Change in unrecognized prior service pension credits/costs, net

 

 

 

 

 

 
(76
)
 

 
(76
)
Change in unrecognized actuarial pension gains/losses, net

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1,433
)
 

 
(1,433
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(18,985
)
 
(18,985
)
Dividends paid ($0.07 per share)

 

 

 
(7,047
)
 

 

 

 

 
(7,047
)
Stock-based compensation expense

 

 
10,247

 

 

 

 

 

 
10,247

Purchase of treasury stock
(219
)
 

 

 

 
219

 
(7,359
)
 

 

 
(7,359
)
Issuance of stock
808

 

 
(35,219
)
 

 
(808
)
 
39,124

 

 

 
3,905

Balance at March 31, 2017
100,702

 
$
1,288

 
$
757,158

 
$
1,388,214

 
8,155

 
$
(313,105
)
 
$
(372,837
)
 
$
157,034

 
$
1,617,752

 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Treasury Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive (Loss) Income
 
Non -
controlling Interests
 
Total
Shareholders’ Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 (Unaudited)
Balance at December 31, 2015
104,427

 
$
1,288

 
$
800,641

 
$
1,712,508

 
4,430

 
$
(206,407
)
 
$
(294,040
)
 
$
149,600

 
$
2,163,590

Net income

 

 

 
106,925

 

 

 

 
13,037

 
119,962

Change in cumulative translation adjustment, net

 

 

 

 

 

 
21,435

 
1,257

 
22,692

Change in unrealized fair value of cash flow hedges, net

 

 

 

 

 

 
1,303

 

 
1,303

Change in unrecognized prior service pension credits/costs, net

 

 

 

 

 

 
27

 

 
27

Change in unrecognized actuarial pension gains/losses, net

 

 

 

 

 

 
(2,153
)
 

 
(2,153
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(18,001
)
 
(18,001
)
Dividends paid ($0.07 per share)

 

 

 
(7,359
)
 

 

 

 

 
(7,359
)
Stock-based compensation expense

 

 
14,532

 

 

 

 

 

 
14,532

Purchase of treasury stock
(226
)
 

 

 

 
226

 
(7,562
)
 

 

 
(7,562
)
Issuance of stock
923

 

 
(44,317
)
 

 
(923
)
 
42,620

 

 

 
(1,697
)
Balance at March 31, 2016
105,124

 
$
1,288

 
$
770,856

 
$
1,812,074

 
3,733

 
$
(171,349
)
 
$
(273,428
)
 
$
145,893

 
$
2,285,334


The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


7


CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON COMPANY N.V.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2017
($ and share values in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
1. ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS
Organization and Nature of Operations—Founded in 1889, Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V. (“CB&I” or the “Company”) provides a wide range of services, including conceptual design, technology, engineering, procurement, fabrication, modularization, construction and commissioning services to customers in the energy infrastructure market throughout the world. Our business is aligned into three operating groups, which represent our reportable segments: Engineering & Construction; Fabrication Services; and Technology. See Note 2 and Note 4 for discussions of our discontinued operations and Note 15 for a discussion of our reportable segments and related financial information.
2. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Accounting and Consolidation—The accompanying unaudited interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (“Financial Statements”) are prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the United States (“U.S.”) Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). These Financial Statements include all wholly-owned subsidiaries and those entities which we are required to consolidate. See the “Partnering Arrangements” section of this footnote for further discussion of our consolidation policy for those entities that are not wholly-owned. Intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.
Basis of Presentation—We believe these Financial Statements include all adjustments, which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair presentation of our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, our financial position as of March 31, 2017 and our cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016. The December 31, 2016 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet (the “Balance Sheet”) was derived from our December 31, 2016 audited Consolidated Balance Sheet, adjusted to conform to our current year presentation.
On February 27, 2017, we entered into a definitive agreement (the “Agreement”) with CSVC Acquisition Corp (“CSVC”) in which CSVC will acquire our capital services operations, which are primarily comprised of our former Capital Services reportable segment and provides comprehensive and integrated maintenance services, environmental engineering and remediation, construction services, program management, and disaster response and recovery services for private-sector customers and governments (“Capital Services Operations”). The Capital Services Operations are considered a discontinued operation as the divestiture represents a strategic shift and will have a material effect on our operations and financial results. Operating results of the Capital Services Operations have been classified as a discontinued operation within the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (the “Statement of Operations”) for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016. Further, the assets and liabilities of the Capital Services Operations have been classified as assets and liabilities of discontinued operations within our March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 Balance Sheets, with all balances reported as current on our March 31, 2017 Balance Sheet. Cash flows of the Capital Services Operations are not reported separately within our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash flows. See Note 4 for additional discussion of our discontinued operations. Unless otherwise noted, the footnotes to our Financial Statements relate to our continuing operations.
We believe the disclosures accompanying these Financial Statements are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC for interim reporting periods. The results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. The accompanying Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in our 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K (“2016 Annual Report”).
Use of Estimates—The preparation of our Financial Statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. We believe the most significant estimates and judgments are associated with revenue recognition for our contracts, including estimating costs and the recognition of incentive fees and unapproved change orders and claims; fair value and recoverability assessments that must be periodically performed with respect to long-lived tangible assets, goodwill and other intangible assets; valuation of deferred tax assets and financial instruments; the determination of liabilities related to self-insurance programs and income taxes; and consolidation determinations with respect to our partnering arrangements. If the underlying estimates and assumptions upon which our Financial Statements are based change in the future, actual amounts may differ from those included in the accompanying Financial Statements.

8

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Revenue Recognition—Our revenue is primarily derived from long-term contracts and is generally recognized using the percentage of completion (“POC”) method, primarily based on the percentage that actual costs-to-date bear to total estimated costs to complete each contract. We follow the guidance of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Revenue Recognition Topic 605-35 for accounting policies relating to our use of the POC method, estimating costs, and revenue recognition, including the recognition of incentive fees, unapproved change orders and claims, and combining and segmenting contracts. We primarily utilize the cost-to-cost approach to estimate POC as we believe this method is less subjective than relying on assessments of physical progress. Under the cost-to-cost approach, the use of estimated costs to complete each contract is a significant variable in the process of determining recognized revenue and is a significant factor in the accounting for contracts. Significant estimates that impact the cost to complete each contract are costs of engineering, materials, components, equipment, labor and subcontracts; labor productivity; schedule durations, including subcontractor or supplier progress; liquidated damages; contract disputes, including claims; achievement of contractual performance requirements; and contingency, among others. The cumulative impact of revisions in total cost estimates during the progress of work is reflected in the period in which these changes become known, including, to the extent required, the reversal of profit recognized in prior periods and the recognition of losses expected to be incurred on contracts in progress. Due to the various estimates inherent in our contract accounting, actual results could differ from those estimates. See Note 14 for discussion of projects with significant changes in estimated margins during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.
Our long-term contracts are awarded on a competitively bid and negotiated basis and the timing of revenue recognition may be impacted by the terms of such contracts. We use a range of contracting options, including cost-reimbursable, fixed-price and hybrid, which has both cost-reimbursable and fixed-price characteristics. Fixed-price contracts, and hybrid contracts with a more significant fixed-price component, tend to provide us with greater control over project schedule and the timing of when work is performed and costs are incurred, and accordingly, when revenue is recognized. Cost-reimbursable contracts, and hybrid contracts with a more significant cost-reimbursable component, generally provide our customers with greater influence over the timing of when we perform our work, and accordingly, such contracts often result in less predictability with respect to the timing of revenue recognition. Contract revenue for our long-term contracts recognized under the POC method reflects the original contract price adjusted for approved change orders and estimated recoveries for incentive fees, unapproved change orders and claims. We recognize revenue associated with incentive fees when the value can be reliably estimated and recovery is probable. We recognize revenue associated with unapproved change orders and claims to the extent the related costs have been incurred, the value can be reliably estimated and recovery is probable. Our recorded incentive fees, unapproved change orders and claims reflect our best estimate of recovery amounts; however, the ultimate resolution and amounts received could differ from these estimates. See Note 14 for additional discussion of our recorded unapproved change orders, claims and incentives.
With respect to our engineering, procurement, and construction (“EPC”) services, our contracts are not segmented between types of services, such as engineering and construction, if each of the EPC components is negotiated concurrently or if the pricing of any such services is subject to the ultimate negotiation and agreement of the entire EPC contract. However, an EPC contract including technology or fabrication services may be segmented if we satisfy the segmenting criteria in ASC 605-35. Revenue recorded in these situations is based on our prices and terms for similar services to third party customers. Segmenting a contract may result in different interim rates of profitability for each scope of service than if we had recognized revenue without segmenting. In some instances, we may combine contracts that are entered into in multiple phases, but are interdependent and include pricing considerations by us and the customer that are impacted by all phases of the project. Otherwise, if each phase is independent of the other and pricing considerations do not give effect to another phase, the contracts will not be combined.
Cost of revenue for our long-term contracts includes direct contract costs, such as materials and labor, and indirect costs that are attributable to contract activity. The timing of when we bill our customers is generally dependent upon advance billing terms, milestone billings based on the completion of certain phases of the work, or when services are provided. Projects with costs and estimated earnings recognized to date in excess of cumulative billings is reported on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet (“Balance Sheet”) as costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings. Projects with cumulative billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings recognized to date is reported on the Balance Sheet as billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings. The net balances on our Balance Sheet are collectively referred to as Contracts in Progress, net and the components of these balances at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 were as follows:

9

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
 
Asset
 
Liability
 
Asset
 
Liability
Costs and estimated earnings on contracts in progress
 
$
9,014,256

 
$
23,771,468

 
$
8,466,638

 
$
23,408,316

Billings on contracts in progress
 
(8,520,428
)
 
(25,253,008
)
 
(8,055,889
)
 
(24,803,665
)
Contracts in Progress, net
 
$
493,828

 
$
(1,481,540
)
 
$
410,749

 
$
(1,395,349
)
Any uncollected billed amounts, including contract retentions, are reported as accounts receivable. At March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, accounts receivable included contract retentions of approximately $77,300 and $72,100, respectively. Contract retentions due beyond one year were approximately $42,900 and $37,500 at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.
Revenue for our service contracts that do not satisfy the criteria for revenue recognition under the POC method is recorded at the time services are performed. Revenue associated with incentive fees for these contracts is recognized when earned. Unbilled receivables for our service contracts are recorded within accounts receivable and were approximately $9,200 and $16,100 at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.
Revenue for our pipe and steel fabrication and catalyst manufacturing contracts that are independent of an EPC contract, or for which we satisfy the segmentation criteria discussed above, is recognized upon shipment of the fabricated or manufactured units. During the fabrication or manufacturing process, all related direct and allocable indirect costs are capitalized as work in process inventory and such costs are recorded as cost of revenue at the time of shipment.
Our billed and unbilled revenue may be exposed to potential credit risk if our customers should encounter financial difficulties, and we maintain reserves for specifically-identified potential uncollectible receivables. At March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, our allowances for doubtful accounts were not material.
Other Operating Expense (Income), NetOther operating expense (income), net generally represents (gains) losses associated with the sale or disposition of property and equipment.
Recoverability of Goodwill—Goodwill is not amortized to earnings, but instead is reviewed for impairment at least annually at a reporting unit level, absent any indicators of impairment or when other actions require an impairment assessment (such as a change in reporting units). We perform our annual impairment assessment during the fourth quarter of each year based upon balances as of October 1. We identify a potential impairment by comparing the fair value of the applicable reporting unit to its net book value, including goodwill. If the net book value exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit, an indication of potential impairment exists, and we measure the impairment by comparing the carrying value of the reporting unit’s goodwill to its implied fair value. To determine the fair value of our reporting units and test for impairment, we utilize an income approach (discounted cash flow method) as we believe this is the most direct approach to incorporate the specific economic attributes and risk profiles of our reporting units into our valuation model. This is consistent with the methodology used to determine the fair value of our reporting units in previous years. We generally do not utilize a market approach given the lack of relevant information generated by market transactions involving comparable businesses. However, to the extent market indicators of fair value become available, we consider such market indicators in our discounted cash flow analysis and determination of fair value. See Note 6 for additional discussion of our goodwill.
Recoverability of Other Long-Lived Assets—We amortize our finite-lived intangible assets on a straight-line basis with lives ranging from 6 to 20 years, absent any indicators of impairment. We review tangible assets and finite-lived intangible assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. If a recoverability assessment is required, the estimated future cash flow associated with the asset or asset group will be compared to the asset’s carrying amount to determine if an impairment exists. See Note 6 for additional discussion of our intangible assets.
Earnings Per Share (“EPS”)—Basic EPS is calculated by dividing net income attributable to CB&I by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS reflects the assumed conversion of dilutive securities, consisting of restricted shares, performance based shares (where performance criteria have been met), stock options and directors’ deferred-fee shares. See Note 3 for calculations associated with basic and diluted EPS.
Cash Equivalents—Cash equivalents are considered to be highly liquid securities with original maturities of three months or less.

10

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Inventory—Inventory is recorded at the lower of cost and net realizable value and cost is determined using the first-in-first-out or weighted-average cost method. The cost of inventory includes acquisition costs, production or conversion costs, and other costs incurred to bring the inventory to a current location and condition. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. An allowance for excess or inactive inventory is recorded based upon an analysis that considers current inventory levels, historical usage patterns, estimates of future sales expectations and salvage value. See Note 5 for additional discussion of our inventory.
Foreign Currency—The nature of our business activities involves the management of various financial and market risks, including those related to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. The effects of translating financial statements of foreign operations into our reporting currency are recognized as a cumulative translation adjustment in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“AOCI”) which is net of tax, where applicable. Foreign currency transactional and re-measurement exchange gains (losses) are included within cost of revenue and were not material for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.
Financial Instruments—We do not engage in currency speculation; however, we utilize foreign currency exchange rate derivatives on an ongoing basis to hedge against certain foreign currency related operating exposures. We generally seek hedge accounting treatment for contracts used to hedge operating exposures and designate them as cash flow hedges. Therefore, gains and losses, exclusive of credit risk and forward points (which represent the time value component of the fair value of our derivative positions), are included in AOCI until the associated underlying operating exposure impacts our earnings. Changes in the fair value of (1) credit risk and forward points, (2) instruments deemed ineffective during the period, and (3) instruments that we do not designate as cash flow hedges are recognized within cost of revenue.
For those contracts designated as cash flow hedges, we document all relationships between the derivative instruments and associated hedged items, as well as our risk-management objectives and strategy for undertaking hedge transactions. This process includes linking all derivatives to specific firm commitments or highly-probable forecasted transactions. We continually assess, at inception and on an ongoing basis, the effectiveness of derivative instruments in offsetting changes in the cash flow of the designated hedged items. Hedge accounting designation is discontinued when (1) it is determined that the derivative is no longer highly effective in offsetting changes in the cash flow of the hedged item, including firm commitments or forecasted transactions, (2) the derivative is sold, terminated, exercised, or expires, (3) it is no longer probable that the forecasted transaction will occur, or (4) we determine that designating the derivative as a hedging instrument is no longer appropriate. See Note 9 for additional discussion of our financial instruments.
Income TaxesDeferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis using currently enacted income tax rates for the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. A valuation allowance (“VA”) is provided to offset any net deferred tax assets (“DTA(s)”) if, based upon the available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the DTAs will not be realized. The realization of our net DTAs depends upon our ability to generate sufficient future taxable income of the appropriate character and in the appropriate jurisdictions.
Income tax and associated interest and penalty reserves, where applicable, are recorded in those instances where we consider it more likely than not that additional tax will be due in excess of amounts reflected in income tax returns filed worldwide, irrespective of whether or not we have received tax assessments. We continually review our exposure to additional income tax obligations and, as further information is known or events occur, changes in our tax and penalty reserves may be recorded within income tax expense and changes in interest reserves may be recorded in interest expense.
Partnering ArrangementsIn the ordinary course of business, we execute specific projects and conduct certain operations through joint venture, consortium and other collaborative arrangements (collectively referred to as “venture(s)”). We have various ownership interests in these ventures, with such ownership typically proportionate to our decision making and distribution rights. The ventures generally contract directly with the third party customer; however, services may be performed directly by the ventures, or may be performed by us, our partners, or a combination thereof.
Venture net assets consist primarily of working capital and property and equipment, and assets may be restricted from being used to fund obligations outside of the venture. These ventures typically have limited third party debt or have debt that is non-recourse in nature; however, they may provide for capital calls to fund operations or require participants in the venture to provide additional financial support, including advance payment or retention letters of credit.
Each venture is assessed at inception and on an ongoing basis as to whether it qualifies as a VIE under the consolidations guidance in ASC 810. A venture generally qualifies as a VIE when it (1) meets the definition of a legal entity, (2) absorbs the operational risk of the projects being executed, creating a variable interest, and (3) lacks sufficient capital investment from the partners, potentially resulting in the venture requiring additional subordinated financial support, if necessary, to finance its future activities.

11

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

If at any time a venture qualifies as a VIE, we perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether we are the primary beneficiary of the VIE and, therefore, need to consolidate the VIE. We are the primary beneficiary if we have (1) the power to direct the economically significant activities of the VIE and (2) the right to receive benefits from, and obligation to absorb losses of, the VIE. If the venture is a VIE and we are the primary beneficiary, or we otherwise have the ability to control the venture, we consolidate the venture. If we are not determined to be the primary beneficiary of the VIE, or only have the ability to significantly influence, rather than control the venture, we do not consolidate the venture. We account for unconsolidated ventures using either proportionate consolidation for both the Balance Sheet and Statement of Operations, when we meet the applicable accounting criteria to do so, or utilize the equity method. See Note 7 for additional discussion of our material partnering arrangements.
New Accounting Standards—In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, which provides a single comprehensive accounting standard for revenue recognition for contracts with customers and supersedes current industry-specific guidance, including ASC 605-35. The new standard prescribes a five-step revenue recognition model that focuses on transfer of control and entitlement to payment when determining the amount of revenue to be recognized. The new model requires companies to identify contractual performance obligations and determine whether revenue should be recognized at a point in time or over time for each of these obligations. These concepts, as well as other aspects of the ASU, may change the method and/or timing of revenue recognition for certain of our contracts, primarily associated with our fabrication and manufacturing contracts. We expect that revenue generated from our EPC and engineering services contracts will continue to be recognized over time utilizing the cost-to-cost measure of progress consistent with current practice. We also expect our revenue recognition disclosures to significantly expand due to the new qualitative and quantitative requirements regarding the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from our contracts. We will adopt the standard, including any updates to the standard, upon its effective date in the first quarter 2018 utilizing the modified retrospective approach. This approach will result in a cumulative adjustment to beginning equity in the first quarter 2018 for uncompleted contracts impacted by the adoption of the standard. We are continuing to assess the potential impact of the new standard on our Financial Statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, which requires the recognition of a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for most lease arrangements with a term greater than one year, and increases qualitative and quantitative disclosures regarding leasing transactions. The standard is effective for us in the first quarter 2019, although early adoption is permitted. Transition requires application of the new guidance at the beginning of the earliest comparative balance sheet period presented utilizing a modified retrospective approach. We are assessing the timing of adoption of the new standard and its potential impact on our Financial Statements.
In the first quarter 2017, we adopted ASU 2015-11, which simplifies the subsequent measurement of our inventory by requiring inventory to be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. Our adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our Financial Statements.
In the first quarter 2017, we adopted ASU 2016-09, which modified the accounting for excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies associated with share-based payments, amended the associated cash flow presentation, and allows for forfeitures to be either recognized when they occur, or estimated. ASU 2016-09 eliminated the requirement to recognize excess tax benefits in additional paid-in capital (“APIC”), and the requirement to evaluate tax deficiencies for APIC or income tax expense classification, and provided for these benefits or deficiencies to be recorded as an income tax expense or benefit in the Statement of Operations. Additionally, tax benefits of dividends on share-based payment awards are reflected as an income tax expense or benefit in the income statement. With these changes, tax-related cash flows resulting from share-based payments are classified as operating activities as opposed to financing, as previously presented. We have elected to recognize forfeitures as they occur, rather than estimating expected forfeitures. Our adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our Financial Statements.
In the first quarter 2017, the FASB issued, and we early adopted, ASU 2017-04, which eliminated the second step of the goodwill impairment test that required a hypothetical purchase price allocation. ASU 2017-04 requires that if a reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, an impairment charge would be recognized for the excess amount, not to exceed the carrying amount of goodwill. Our early adoption of the standard in the first quarter 2017 did not have a material impact on our Financial Statements.

12

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

3. EARNINGS PER SHARE
A reconciliation of weighted average basic shares outstanding to weighted average diluted shares outstanding and the computation of basic and diluted EPS are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Net income from continuing operations attributable to CB&I (net of $26,837 and $12,589 of noncontrolling interests)
 
$
15,574

 
$
101,334

Net income from discontinued operations attributable to CB&I (net of $413 and $448 of noncontrolling interests)
 
9,081

 
5,591

Net income attributable to CB&I
 
$
24,655

 
$
106,925

 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding—basic
 
100,451

 
104,803

Effect of restricted shares/performance based shares/stock options (1)
 
892

 
969

Effect of directors’ deferred-fee shares
 
17

 
13

Weighted average shares outstanding—diluted
 
101,360

 
105,785

Net income attributable to CB&I per share (Basic):
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
0.16

 
$
0.97

Discontinued operations
 
0.09

 
0.05

Total
 
$
0.25

 
$
1.02

Net income attributable to CB&I per share (Diluted):
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
0.15

 
$
0.96

Discontinued operations
 
0.09

 
0.05

Total
 
$
0.24

 
$
1.01

(1)
Antidilutive shares excluded from diluted EPS were not material for the three months ended March 31, 2017 or 2016.

13

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

4. DISPOSITION OF CAPITAL SERVICES OPERATIONS
Transaction Summary— As discussed in Note 2, on February 27, 2017, we entered into the Agreement for the sale of our Capital Services Operations. Under the Agreement, we will receive estimated transaction consideration of approximately $755,000 (the “Sales Price”) upon closing, which is anticipated in the second quarter 2017. The Sales Price will be reduced or increased to the extent working capital of the Capital Services Operations is below or exceeds, respectively, required closing working capital under the Agreement. Although differences between actual closing working capital and required closing working capital will impact our net proceeds, we do not anticipate a material pre-tax gain or loss to result from the transaction upon closing. In addition, the transaction is anticipated to result in a taxable gain (due to the non-deductibility of goodwill) and corresponding income tax expense of approximately $100,000 in the quarter of close; however, we do not anticipate any material cash taxes associated with the taxable gain due to the use of previously recorded net operating loss carryforwards. The net proceeds of the transaction will be used to reduce our outstanding debt. At March 31, 2017, the fair value of the Capital Services Operations exceeded the carrying value of its net assets.
Assets and Liabilities—The carrying values of the major classes of assets and liabilities of the discontinued Capital Services Operations within our Balance Sheets at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 were as follows:
 
 
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Assets
 
 
 
 
Cash
 
$
17,782

 
$
14,477

Accounts receivable, net
 
265,634

 
239,146

Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings
 
163,404

 
153,275

Other assets
 
36,751

 
7,834

Property and equipment, net
 
56,256

 

Goodwill (1)
 
229,607

 

Other intangibles, net
 
145,890

 

Current assets of discontinued operations
 
915,324

 
414,732

 
 
 
 
 
Property and equipment, net
 

 
59,746

Goodwill (1)
 

 
229,607

Other intangibles, net
 

 
148,440

Other assets
 

 
24,351

Non-current assets of discontinued operations
 

 
462,144

 
 
 
 
 
Total assets of discontinued operations
 
$
915,324

 
$
876,876

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
116,702

 
$
141,028

Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings
 
54,946

 
53,986

Other liabilities
 
87,169

 
52,455

Current liabilities of discontinued operations
 
258,817

 
247,469

 
 
 
 
 
Other liabilities
 

 
5,388

Non-current liabilities of discontinued operations
 

 
5,388

 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities of discontinued operations
 
$
258,817

 
$
252,857

 
 
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interests of discontinued operations
 
$
7,288

 
$
6,874

(1) 
The carrying value of goodwill for the Capital Services Operations includes the impact of a $655,000 impairment charge recorded in the fourth quarter 2016 in connection with our annual impairment assessment.

14

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Results of Operations—The results of our Capital Services Operations that have been reflected within discontinued operations in our Statement of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Revenue
 
$
552,947

 
$
564,981

Cost of revenue
 
518,687

 
532,946

Gross profit
 
34,260

 
32,035

Selling and administrative expense
 
13,038

 
11,651

Intangibles amortization
 
2,550

 
4,200

Other operating income
 
(372
)
 
(424
)
Operating income from discontinued operations
 
19,044

 
16,608

Interest expense (1)
 
(6,863
)
 
(5,833
)
Interest income
 
9

 
309

Income from discontinued operations before taxes
 
12,190

 
11,084

Income tax expense
 
(2,696
)
 
(5,045
)
Net income from discontinued operations
 
9,494

 
6,039

Net income from discontinued operations attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
(413
)
 
(448
)
Net income from discontinued operations attributable to CB&I
 
$
9,081

 
$
5,591

(1) Interest expense was allocated to the Capital Services Operations due to a requirement to use the net proceeds of the transaction to repay our debt on a pro-rata basis. The allocation was based upon the anticipated pro-rata debt amounts to be repaid.
Cash Flows—Cash flows for our Capital Services Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Operating cash flows
 
$
(17,544
)
 
$
(11,696
)
Investing cash flows
 
$
(844
)
 
$
(793
)
Unapproved Change Orders, Claims and Incentives—At March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, our Capital Services Operations had unapproved change orders, claims and incentives included in project price of approximately $19,600 and $8,400, respectively. Of the aforementioned amounts, approximately $16,800 had been recognized as revenue for the discontinued operations on a cumulative POC basis through March 31, 2017.
5. INVENTORY
The components of inventory at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 were as follows:
 
 
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Raw materials
 
$
107,898

 
$
65,969

Work in process
 
62,041

 
51,625

Finished goods
 
32,827

 
72,508

Total
 
$
202,766

 
$
190,102


15

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

6. GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLES
Goodwill—At March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, our goodwill balances were $2,816,232 and $2,813,803, respectively, attributable to the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of net assets acquired in connection with our acquisitions. The change in goodwill for the three months ended March 31, 2017 is as follows:
 
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2016
 
$
2,813,803

Foreign currency translation and other
 
2,631

Amortization of tax goodwill in excess of book goodwill
 
(202
)
Balance at March 31, 2017 (1)
 
$
2,816,232

(1) 
At March 31, 2017, we had approximately $453,100 of cumulative impairment losses which were recorded in our Engineering & Construction operating group during 2015 related to the sale of our nuclear power construction business (our “Nuclear Operations”) on December 31, 2015.
As discussed further in Note 2, goodwill is not amortized to earnings, but instead is reviewed for impairment at least annually at a reporting unit level, absent any indicators of impairment or when other actions require an impairment assessment (such as a change in reporting units). We perform our annual impairment assessment during the fourth quarter of each year based upon balances as of October 1. At December 31, 2016, we had the following three operating groups and reporting units:
Engineering & Construction—Our Engineering & Construction operating group represented a reporting unit.
Fabrication Services—Our Fabrication Services operating group represented a reporting unit.
Technology—Our Technology operating group represented a reporting unit.
During the three months ended December 31, 2016, we performed a quantitative assessment of goodwill for each of the aforementioned reporting units. Based upon these quantitative assessments, the fair value of each of these reporting units substantially exceeded their respective net book values, and accordingly, no impairment charge was necessary as a result of our impairment assessments. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, no indicators of goodwill impairment were identified for any of these reporting units. If, based on future assessments our goodwill is deemed to be impaired, the impairment would result in a charge to earnings in the period of impairment. There can be no assurance that future goodwill impairment tests will not result in charges to earnings. See Note 4 for discussion of our goodwill impairment for the Capital Services Operations recorded in the fourth quarter 2016 in connection with our annual impairment assessment.
Other Intangible Assets—The following table presents our acquired finite-lived intangible assets at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, including the March 31, 2017 weighted-average useful lives for each major intangible asset class and in total:
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
 
Weighted Average Life
 
Gross Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Gross Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
Backlog and customer relationships
 
18 Years
 
$
99,086

 
$
(22,758
)
 
$
99,086

 
$
(21,374
)
Process technologies
 
15 Years
 
259,189

 
(134,005
)
 
258,516

 
(129,261
)
Tradenames
 
12 Years
 
27,125

 
(15,430
)
 
27,090

 
(14,648
)
Total (1)
 
16 Years
 
$
385,400

 
$
(172,193
)
 
$
384,692

 
$
(165,283
)
(1) 
The decrease in other intangibles, net during the three months ended March 31, 2017 primarily related to amortization expense of approximately $6,500.

16

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

7. PARTNERING ARRANGEMENTS
As discussed in Note 2, we account for our unconsolidated ventures using either proportionate consolidation, when we meet the applicable accounting criteria to do so, or the equity method. Further, we consolidate any venture that is determined to be a VIE for which we are the primary beneficiary, or which we otherwise effectively control.
Proportionately Consolidated Ventures—The following is a summary description of our significant joint ventures which have been accounted for using proportionate consolidation:
CB&I/Zachry—We have a venture with Zachry (CB&I—50% / Zachry—50%) to perform EPC work for two liquefied natural gas (“LNG”) liquefaction trains in Freeport, Texas. Our proportionate share of the venture project value is approximately $2,700,000. In addition, we have subcontract and risk sharing arrangements with Chiyoda to support our responsibilities to the venture. The costs of these arrangements are recorded in cost of revenue.
CB&I/Zachry/Chiyoda—We have a venture with Zachry and Chiyoda (CB&I—33.3% / Zachry—33.3% / Chiyoda—33.3%) to perform EPC work for an additional LNG liquefaction train at the aforementioned project site in Freeport, Texas. Our proportionate share of the venture project value is approximately $675,000.
CB&I/Chiyoda—We have a venture with Chiyoda (CB&I—50% / Chiyoda—50%) to perform EPC work for three LNG liquefaction trains in Hackberry, Louisiana. Our proportionate share of the venture project value is approximately $3,200,000.
The following table presents summarized balance sheet information for our share of our proportionately consolidated ventures at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016:
 
 
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
CB&I/Zachry
 
 
 
 
Current assets (1)
 
$
284,106

 
$
260,934

Non-current assets
 
2,571

 
3,204

Total assets
 
$
286,677

 
$
264,138

Current liabilities (1)
 
$
397,540

 
$
379,339

CB&I/Zachry/Chiyoda
 
 
 
 
Current assets (1)
 
$
92,371

 
$
84,279

Non-current assets
 
1,745

 
1,969

Total assets
 
$
94,116

 
$
86,248

Current liabilities (1)
 
$
76,741

 
$
73,138

CB&I/Chiyoda
 
 
 
 
Current assets (1)
 
$
344,070

 
$
337,479

Current liabilities (1)
 
$
138,372

 
$
150,179

(1) 
Our venture arrangements allow for excess working capital of the ventures to be advanced to the venture partners. Such advances are returned to the ventures for working capital needs as necessary. Accordingly, at a reporting period end a venture may have advances to its partners which are reflected as an advance receivable within current assets of the venture. At March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, other current assets on the Balance Sheet included approximately $398,600 and $374,800, respectively, related to our proportionate share of advances from the ventures to our venture partners, and other current liabilities included approximately $420,800 and $394,400, respectively, related to advances to CB&I from the ventures.
Equity Method Ventures—The following is a summary description of our significant joint ventures which have been accounted for using the equity method:
Chevron-Lummus Global (“CLG”)—We have a venture with Chevron (CB&I—50% / Chevron—50%) which provides proprietary process technology licenses and associated engineering services and catalyst, primarily for the refining industry. As sufficient capital investments in CLG have been made by the venture partners, it does not qualify as a VIE.

17

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

NET Power—We have a venture with Exelon and 8 Rivers Capital (CB&I—33.3% / Exelon—33.3% / 8 Rivers Capital—33.3%) to commercialize a new natural gas power generation system that recovers the carbon dioxide produced during combustion. NET Power is building a first-of-its-kind demonstration plant which is being funded by contributions and services from the venture partners and other parties. We have determined the venture to be a VIE; however, we do not effectively control NET Power and therefore do not consolidate it. Our cash commitment for NET Power totals $47,300 and at March 31, 2017, we had made cumulative investments totaling approximately $44,900.
CB&I/CTCI—We have a venture with CTCI (CB&I—50% / CTCI—50%) to perform EPC work for a liquids ethylene cracker and associated units in Sohar, Oman. We have determined the venture to be a VIE; however, we do not effectively control the venture and therefore do not consolidate it. Our proportionate share of the venture project value is approximately $1,400,000. Our venture arrangement allows for excess working capital of the venture to be advanced to the venture partners. Such advances are returned to the venture for working capital needs as necessary. At March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, other current liabilities included approximately $167,700 and $147,000, respectively, related to advances to CB&I from the venture.
Consolidated Ventures—The following is a summary description of our significant joint ventures we consolidate due to their designation as VIEs for which we are the primary beneficiary:
CB&I/Kentz—We have a venture with Kentz (CB&I—65% / Kentz—35%) to perform the structural, mechanical, piping, electrical and instrumentation work on, and to provide commissioning support for, three LNG trains, including associated utilities and a gas processing and compression plant, for the Gorgon LNG project, located on Barrow Island, Australia. Our venture project value is approximately $5,900,000.
CB&I/AREVA—We have a venture with AREVA (CB&I52% / AREVA—48%) to design, license and construct a mixed oxide fuel fabrication facility in Aiken, South Carolina. Our venture project value is approximately $5,800,000.
The following table presents summarized balance sheet information for our consolidated ventures at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016:
 
 
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
CB&I/Kentz
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
$
126,162

 
$
68,867

Current liabilities
 
$
117,520

 
$
87,822

CB&I/AREVA
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
$
25,674

 
$
16,313

Current liabilities
 
$
43,349

 
$
47,652

All Other (1)
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
$
34,285

 
$
69,785

Non-current assets
 
16,634

 
16,382

Total assets
 
$
50,919

 
$
86,167

Current liabilities
 
$
9,475

 
$
7,748

(1) 
Other ventures that we consolidate are not individually material to our financial results and are therefore aggregated as “All Other”.
Other—The use of these ventures exposes us to a number of risks, including the risk that our partners may be unable or unwilling to provide their share of capital investment to fund the operations of the venture or complete their obligations to us, the venture, or ultimately, our customer. Differences in opinions or views among venture partners could also result in delayed decision-making or failure to agree on material issues, which could adversely affect the business and operations of the venture. In addition, agreement terms may subject us to joint and several liability for our venture partners, and the failure of our venture partners to perform their obligations could impose additional performance and financial obligations on us. The aforementioned factors could result in unanticipated costs to complete the projects, liquidated damages or contract disputes, including claims against our partners.

18

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

8. DEBT
Our outstanding debt at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 was as follows:
 
 
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Current
 
 
 
 
Revolving facility and other short-term borrowings
 
$
917,500

 
$
407,500

 
 
 
 
 
Current maturities of long-term debt
 
225,000

 
506,250

Less: unamortized debt issuance costs
 
(1,171
)
 
(2,340
)
Current maturities of long-term debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs
 
223,829

 
503,910

Current debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs
 
$
1,141,329

 
$
911,410

Long-Term
 
 
 
 
Term Loan: $1,000,000 term loan (interest at LIBOR plus a floating margin)
 
$

 
$
300,000

Second Term Loan: $500,000 term loan (interest at LIBOR plus a floating margin)
 
500,000

 
500,000

Senior Notes: $800,000 senior notes, series A-D (fixed interest ranging from 4.15% to 5.30%)
 
800,000

 
800,000

Second Senior Notes: $200,000 senior notes (fixed interest of 4.53%)
 
200,000

 
200,000

Less: unamortized debt issuance costs
 
(8,973
)
 
(5,827
)
Less: current maturities of long-term debt
 
(225,000
)
 
(506,250
)
Long-term debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs
 
$
1,266,027

 
$
1,287,923

Committed Facilities—We have a five-year, $1,350,000 committed revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Facility”) with Bank of America N.A. (“BofA”), as administrative agent, and BNP Paribas Securities Corp., BBVA Compass, Credit Agricole Corporate and Investment Bank (“Credit Agricole”) and TD Securities, each as syndication agents, which expires in October 2018. The Revolving Facility has a $270,000 financial letter of credit sublimit and has financial and restrictive covenants described further below. The Revolving Facility also includes customary restrictions regarding subsidiary indebtedness, sales of assets, liens, investments, type of business conducted, and mergers and acquisitions, and includes a limitation for dividend payments and share repurchases, among other restrictions. In addition to interest on debt borrowings, we are assessed quarterly commitment fees on the unutilized portion of the facility as well as letter of credit fees on outstanding instruments. The interest, commitment fee, and letter of credit fee percentages are based upon our quarterly leverage ratio. In the event we borrow funds under the facility, interest is assessed at either prime plus an applicable floating margin, or LIBOR plus an applicable floating margin, as described further below. At March 31, 2017, we had $505,000 of outstanding borrowings under the facility and $69,073 of outstanding letters of credit under the facility (none of which were financial letters of credit), providing $775,927 of available capacity. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, our weighted average interest rate on borrowings under the facility was approximately 2.9%, inclusive of the applicable floating margin.
We have a five-year, $800,000 committed revolving credit facility (the “Second Revolving Facility”) with BofA, as administrative agent, and BNP Paribas Securities Corp., BBVA Compass, Credit Agricole and Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi UFJ, each as syndication agents, which expires in July 2020. The Second Revolving Facility supplements our Revolving Facility, has a $50,000 financial letter of credit sublimit and has financial and restrictive covenants described further below. In addition to interest on debt borrowings, we are assessed quarterly commitment fees on the unutilized portion of the facility as well as letter of credit fees on outstanding instruments. The interest, commitment fee, and letter of credit fee percentages are based upon our quarterly leverage ratio. In the event we borrow funds under the facility, interest is assessed at either prime plus an applicable floating margin, or LIBOR plus an applicable floating margin, as described further below. At March 31, 2017, we had $212,500 of outstanding borrowings and $7,551 of outstanding letters of credit under the facility (including $2,757 of financial letters of credit), providing $579,949 of available capacity. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, our weighted average interest rate on borrowings under the facility was approximately 5.0%, inclusive of the applicable floating margin.
Uncommitted Facilities—We also have various short-term, uncommitted letter of credit and borrowing facilities (the “Uncommitted Facilities”) across several geographic regions of approximately $4,567,776, of which $563,000 may be utilized for borrowings. At March 31, 2017, we had $200,000 of outstanding borrowings and $1,737,589 of outstanding letters of credit under these facilities, providing $2,630,187 of available capacity, of which $363,000 may be utilized for borrowings. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, our weighted average interest rate on borrowings under the facilities was approximately 2.2%.

19

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Term Loans—On February 13, 2017, we paid the remaining $300,000 of principal on our four-year, $1,000,000 unsecured term loan (the “Term Loan”) with BofA as administrative agent. Interest was based upon LIBOR plus an applicable floating margin for the period (0.98% and 2.25%, respectively). In conjunction with the settlement of the Term Loan, we also settled our associated interest rate swap that hedged against a portion of the Term Loan, which resulted in a weighted average interest rate of approximately 2.6% during the three months ended March 31, 2017.
At March 31, 2017, we had $500,000 outstanding on a five-year, $500,000 term loan (the “Second Term Loan”) with BofA as administrative agent. Interest and principal under the Second Term Loan is payable quarterly in arrears beginning in June 2017 and bears interest at LIBOR plus an applicable floating margin, as described further below. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, our weighted average interest rate on the Second Term Loan was approximately 2.4%, inclusive of the applicable floating margin. Future annual maturities for the Second Term Loan are $56,250, $75,000, $75,000 and $293,750 for 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020, respectively. The Second Term Loan has financial and restrictive covenants described further below.
Senior Notes—We have a series of senior notes totaling $800,000 in the aggregate (the “Senior Notes”) with Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated, and Credit Agricole, as administrative agents. The Senior Notes have financial and restrictive covenants described further below. The Senior Notes include Series A through D, which contain the following terms:
Series A—Interest due semi-annually at a fixed rate of 4.15%, with principal of $150,000 due in December 2017
Series B—Interest due semi-annually at a fixed rate of 4.57%, with principal of $225,000 due in December 2019
Series C—Interest due semi-annually at a fixed rate of 5.15%, with principal of $275,000 due in December 2022
Series D—Interest due semi-annually at a fixed rate of 5.30%, with principal of $150,000 due in December 2024
We have senior notes totaling $200,000 (the “Second Senior Notes”) with BofA as administrative agent. Interest is due semi-annually at a fixed rate of 4.53%, with principal of $200,000 due in July 2025. The Second Senior Notes have financial and restrictive covenants described further below.
Compliance and Other—On February 24, 2017, and effective for the period ended December 31, 2016, we amended our Revolving Facility, Second Revolving Facility, Second Term Loan, Senior Notes and Second Senior Notes (collectively, “Senior Facilities”). The amendments established a new maximum leverage ratio of 3.50 at December 31, 2016, decreasing to 3.00 at December 31, 2017, or 45 days subsequent to the closing of the sale of our Capital Services Operations (the “Closing Date”) as described in Note 4, if earlier. The amendments also established a new minimum net worth of $1,201,507, maintained our required fixed charge ratio at 1.75, and will reduce our Revolving Facility from $1,350,000 to $1,150,000 at the Closing Date. The amendments also included other financial and restrictive covenants.
On May 8, 2017, and effective for the period ended March 31, 2017, we further amended our Senior Facilities. The amendments require us to secure the Senior Facilities through the pledge of cash, accounts receivable, inventory, fixed assets, and stock of subsidiaries. In addition, the amendments require us to repay the Senior Facilities on a pro-rata basis with the proceeds from the sale of our Capital Services Operations, the issuance of any unsecured debt that is subordinate (“Subordinated Debt”) to the Senior Facilities, the issuance of any equity securities, or the sale of any assets. The amendments also establish new maximum leverage ratios for borrowings under the Senior Facilities (“Senior Secured Leverage Ratio”) as follows: 4.00 at March 31, 2017; 4.50 at June 30, 2017 and September 30, 2017; 3.00 at December 31, 2017 and March 31, 2018; and 2.50 at June 30, 2018. The amendments prohibit mergers and acquisitions, open-market share repurchases, and increases to dividends until our leverage ratio is below 3.00 for two consecutive quarters. In addition to the Senior Secured Leverage Ratio, the amendments establish total maximum leverage ratios for all borrowings among the Senior Facilities and any Subordinated Debt as follows: 5.25 at June 30, 2017; 6.00 at September 30, 2017; 4.00 at December 31, 2017 and March 31, 2018; 3.25 at June 30, 2018; and 3.00 at September 30, 2018.
Interest on outstanding borrowings under the amended Revolving Facility, Second Revolving Facility and the Second Term Loan is based on our quarterly leverage ratio and is assessed at either prime plus an applicable floating margin (4.00% and 1.50%, respectively at March 31, 2017), or LIBOR plus an applicable floating margin (0.98% and 2.50%, respectively at March 31, 2017). Our fixed rate interest on our amended Senior Notes and Second Senior Notes was increased by an incremental 0.50% over the rates in effect at March 31, 2017 discussed above. Further, the amended Senior Notes and Second Senior Notes include provisions relating to our credit profile, which if not maintained will result in an incremental annual cost of up to 2.00% of the outstanding balance under the notes.

20

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

During the three months ended March 31, 2017, maximum outstanding borrowings under our Revolving Facility and Second Revolving Facility (collectively, “Committed Facilities”) and Uncommitted Facilities were approximately $1,709,000. At March 31, 2017, we were in compliance with all our amended financial and restrictive covenants of our Senior Facilities with a leverage ratio of 3.91, a fixed charge coverage ratio of 3.07, and net worth of $1,460,718. If we are unable to remain in compliance with these covenants, and such covenants are not further amended, it could result in all of our debt becoming current. Our ability to remain in compliance with such covenants in the second quarter 2017, and over the next twelve months, will require the successful securitization of the assets required under the amendments to our Senior Facilities and will likely require us to complete the sale of our Capital Services Operations during the second quarter 2017 to reduce our debt, which we believe is probable.
In addition to providing letters of credit, we also issue surety bonds in the ordinary course of business to support our contract performance. At March 31, 2017, we had $837,707 of outstanding surety bonds. Capitalized interest was insignificant for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.
9. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Derivatives
Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Derivatives—At March 31, 2017, the notional value of our outstanding forward contracts to hedge certain foreign exchange-related operating exposures was approximately $143,600. These contracts vary in duration, maturing up to five years from period-end. We designate certain of these hedges as cash flow hedges and accordingly, changes in their fair value are recognized in AOCI until the associated underlying operating exposure impacts our earnings. Forward points, which are deemed to be an ineffective portion of the hedges, are recognized within cost of revenue and are not material.
Financial Instruments Disclosures
Fair Value—Financial instruments are required to be categorized within a valuation hierarchy based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The three levels of the valuation hierarchy are as follows:
Level 1—Fair value is based upon quoted prices in active markets.
Level 2—Fair value is based upon internally-developed models that use, as their basis, readily observable market parameters. Our derivative positions are classified within level 2 of the valuation hierarchy as they are valued using quoted market prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets. These level 2 derivatives are valued utilizing an income approach, which discounts future cash flow based upon current market expectations and adjusts for credit risk.
Level 3—Fair value is based upon internally-developed models that use, as their basis, significant unobservable market parameters. We did not have any level 3 classifications at March 31, 2017 or December 31, 2016.
The following table presents the fair value of our foreign currency exchange rate derivatives and interest rate derivatives at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively, by valuation hierarchy and balance sheet classification:
 
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Derivative Assets (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other current assets
 
$

 
$
1,220

 
$

 
$
1,220

 
$

 
$
1,146

 
$

 
$
1,146

Other non-current assets
 

 
242

 

 
242

 

 
82

 

 
82

Total assets at fair value
 
$

 
$
1,462

 
$

 
$
1,462

 
$

 
$
1,228

 
$

 
$
1,228

Derivative Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other current liabilities
 
$

 
$
(4,372
)
 
$

 
$
(4,372
)
 
$

 
$
(3,509
)
 
$

 
$
(3,509
)
Other non-current liabilities
 

 
(581
)
 

 
(581
)
 

 
(725
)
 

 
(725
)
Total liabilities at fair value
 
$

 
$
(4,953
)
 
$

 
$
(4,953
)
 
$

 
$
(4,234
)
 
$

 
$
(4,234
)
(1) 
We are exposed to credit risk on our hedging instruments associated with potential counterparty non-performance, and the fair value of our derivatives reflects this credit risk. The total level 2 assets at fair value above represent the maximum loss that we would incur on our outstanding hedges if the applicable counterparties failed to perform according to the hedge contracts. To help mitigate counterparty credit risk, we transact only with counterparties that are rated as investment grade or higher and monitor all counterparties on a continuous basis.

21

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

The carrying values of our cash and cash equivalents (primarily consisting of bank deposits), accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate their fair values because of the short-term nature of these instruments. At March 31, 2017, the fair values of our Second Term Loan, based upon the current market rates for debt with similar credit risk and maturities, approximated its carrying value as interest is based upon LIBOR plus an applicable floating margin. Our Senior Notes and Second Senior Notes are categorized within level 2 of the valuation hierarchy. Our Senior Notes had a total fair value of approximately $796,100 and $785,700 at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively, based on current market rates for debt with similar credit risk and maturities. Our Second Senior Notes had a total fair value of approximately $204,000 and $206,400 at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively, based on current market rates for debt with similar credit risk and maturities.
Derivatives Disclosures
Fair Value—The following table presents the total fair value by underlying risk and balance sheet classification for derivatives designated as cash flow hedges and derivatives not designated as cash flow hedges at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016:
 
 
Other Current and
Non-Current Assets
 
Other Current and
Non-Current Liabilities
 
 
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
 
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate
 
$

 
$
49

 
$

 
$

Foreign currency
 
505

 
109

 
(325
)
 
(536
)
Fair value
 
$
505

 
$
158

 
$
(325
)
 
$
(536
)
Derivatives not designated as cash flow hedges
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency
 
$
957

 
$
1,070

 
$
(4,628
)
 
$
(3,698
)
Fair value
 
$
957

 
$
1,070

 
$
(4,628
)
 
$
(3,698
)
Total fair value
 
$
1,462

 
$
1,228

 
$
(4,953
)
 
$
(4,234
)
Master Netting Arrangements (“MNAs”)—Our derivatives are executed under International Swaps and Derivatives Association MNAs, which generally allow us and our counterparties to net settle, in a single net payable or receivable, obligations due on the same day, in the same currency and for the same type of derivative instrument. We have elected the option to record all derivatives on a gross basis in our Balance Sheet. The following table presents our derivative assets and liabilities at March 31, 2017 on a gross basis and a net settlement basis:
 
 
Gross
Amounts
Recognized
(i)
 
Gross Amounts
Offset on the
Balance Sheet
(ii)
 
Net Amounts
Presented on the
Balance Sheet
(iii) = (i) - (ii)
 
Gross Amounts Not Offset on
the Balance Sheet (iv)
 
Net Amount
(v) = (iii) - (iv)
 
 
Financial
Instruments
 
Cash Collateral Received
 
Derivative Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency
 
1,462

 

 
1,462

 
(167
)
 

 
1,295

Total assets
 
$
1,462

 
$

 
$
1,462

 
$
(167
)
 
$

 
$
1,295

Derivative Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency
 
(4,953
)
 

 
(4,953
)
 
167

 

 
(4,786
)
Total liabilities
 
$
(4,953
)
 
$

 
$
(4,953
)
 
$
167

 
$

 
$
(4,786
)

22

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

AOCI/Other—The following table presents the total value, by underlying risk, recognized in other comprehensive income (“OCI”) and reclassified from AOCI to interest expense (interest rate derivatives) and cost of revenue (foreign currency derivatives) during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 for derivatives designated as cash flow hedges:
 
 
Amount of Gain (Loss) on Effective Derivative Portion
 
 
Recognized in OCI
 
Reclassified from AOCI into Earnings (1)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate
 
$

 
$
(713
)
 
$
49

 
$
(181
)
Foreign currency
 
682

 
1,476

 
124

 
(1,062
)
Total
 
$
682

 
$
763

 
$
173

 
$
(1,243
)
(1) 
Net unrealized gains totaling approximately $400 are anticipated to be reclassified from AOCI into earnings during the next 12 months due to settlement of the associated underlying obligations.
The following table presents the total value recognized in cost of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 for foreign currency derivatives not designated as cash flow hedges:
 
 
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Earnings
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Derivatives not designated as cash flow hedges
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency
 
$
(6,170
)
 
$
(4,299
)
Total
 
$
(6,170
)
 
$
(4,299
)

23

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

10. RETIREMENT BENEFITS
Our 2016 Annual Report disclosed anticipated 2017 defined benefit pension and other postretirement plan contributions of approximately $17,000 and $2,500, respectively. The following table provides updated contribution information for these plans at March 31, 2017:
 
 
Pension Plans
 
Other Postretirement Plans
Contributions made through March 31, 2017
 
$
7,384

 
$
479

Contributions expected for the remainder of 2017
 
9,817

 
1,857

Total contributions expected for 2017
 
$
17,201

 
$
2,336

The following table provides a breakout of the components of net periodic benefit cost (income) associated with our defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Pension Plans
 
 
 
 
Service cost
 
$
2,782

 
$
2,327

Interest cost
 
4,591

 
5,918

Expected return on plan assets
 
(5,786
)
 
(6,796
)
Amortization of prior service credits
 
(150
)
 
(154
)
Recognized net actuarial losses
 
1,498

 
1,461

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
2,935

 
$
2,756

Other Postretirement Plans
 
 
 
 
Service cost
 
$
171

 
$
176

Interest cost
 
342

 
340

Recognized net actuarial gains
 
(685
)
 
(840
)
Net periodic benefit income
 
$
(172
)
 
$
(324
)
11. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal Proceedings
GeneralWe have been and may from time to time be named as a defendant in legal actions claiming damages in connection with engineering and construction projects, technology licenses, other services we provide, and other matters. These are typically claims that arise in the normal course of business, including employment-related claims and contractual disputes or claims for personal injury or property damage which occur in connection with services performed relating to project or construction sites. Contractual disputes normally involve claims relating to the timely completion of projects, performance of equipment or technologies, design or other engineering services or project construction services provided by us. We do not believe that any of our pending contractual, employment-related personal injury or property damage claims and disputes will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or cash flow. See Note 14 for additional discussion of claims associated with our projects.
Project Arbitration Matter—The customer for one of our large cost-reimbursable projects has filed a request for arbitration with the International Chamber of Commerce, alleging cost overruns on the project. The customer has not provided evidence to substantiate its allegations and we believe all amounts incurred and billed on the project, including outstanding receivables of approximately $241,000 as of March 31, 2017, are contractually due under the provisions of our contract and are recoverable, but have been classified as a non-current asset on our Balance Sheet as we do not anticipate collection within the next year. We do not believe a risk of material loss is probable related to this matter, and accordingly, no amounts have been accrued. While it is possible that a loss may be incurred, we are unable to estimate the range of potential loss, if any. Further, we have asserted counterclaims for our outstanding receivables.

24

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Dispute Related to Sale of Nuclear OperationsOn December 31, 2015, we sold our Nuclear Operations to Westinghouse Electric Company LLC (“WEC”). In connection with the transaction, a customary post-closing purchase price adjustment mechanism was negotiated between CB&I and WEC (the “Parties”) to account for any difference between target working capital and actual working capital as finally determined. On April 28, 2016, WEC delivered to us a purported closing statement estimating closing working capital to be negative $976,506, which was $2,150,506 less than target working capital. In contrast, we calculated closing working capital to be $1,601,805, which is $427,805 greater than target working capital. On July 21, 2016, we filed a complaint against WEC in the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware (the “Court”) seeking a declaration that WEC has no remedy for the vast majority of its claims and requesting an injunction barring WEC from bringing such claims. On December 2, 2016, the Court granted WEC’s motion for judgment on the pleadings and dismissed our complaint, stating that the dispute should follow the dispute resolution process as set forth in the sales agreement. We filed an appeal of the Court’s ruling to the Delaware Supreme Court. Due to the bankruptcy filing by WEC on March 29, 2017, the claim resolution proceedings were automatically stayed pursuant to the Bankruptcy Code. At the parties request, the Bankruptcy Court lifted the automatic stay to permit the appeal and dispute resolution process to continue. As such, the oral argument before the Delaware Superior Court was held on May 3, 2017 and we anticipate a decision within approximately 30 days.  The Parties intend to move forward with the dispute resolution process, involving the selection of a new independent auditor to replace the previous auditor that resigned. We do not believe a risk of material loss is probable related to this matter, and accordingly, no amounts have been accrued. While it is possible that a loss may be incurred, we are unable to estimate the range of potential loss, if any. We intend to vigorously pursue this litigation and our rights under the purchase agreement.
Asbestos Litigation—We are a defendant in lawsuits wherein plaintiffs allege exposure to asbestos due to work we may have performed at various locations. We have never been a manufacturer, distributor or supplier of asbestos products. Over the past several decades and through March 31, 2017, we have been named a defendant in lawsuits alleging exposure to asbestos involving approximately 6,100 plaintiffs and, of those claims, approximately 1,200 claims were pending and 4,900 have been closed through dismissals or settlements. Over the past several decades and through March 31, 2017, the claims alleging exposure to asbestos that have been resolved have been dismissed or settled for an average settlement amount of approximately two thousand dollars per claim. We review each case on its own merits and make accruals based upon the probability of loss and our estimates of the amount of liability and related expenses, if any. While we have seen an increase in the number of recent filings, especially in one specific venue, we do not believe the increase or any unresolved asserted claims will have a material adverse effect on our future results of operations, financial position or cash flow, and at March 31, 2017, we had approximately $8,800 accrued for liability and related expenses. With respect to unasserted asbestos claims, we cannot identify a population of potential claimants with sufficient certainty to determine the probability of a loss and to make a reasonable estimate of liability, if any. While we continue to pursue recovery for recognized and unrecognized contingent losses through insurance, indemnification arrangements or other sources, we are unable to quantify the amount, if any, that we may expect to recover because of the variability in coverage amounts, limitations and deductibles, or the viability of carriers, with respect to our insurance policies for the years in question.
Environmental MattersOur operations are subject to extensive and changing U.S. federal, state and local laws and regulations, as well as the laws of other countries, that establish health and environmental quality standards. These standards, among others, relate to air and water pollutants and the management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes. We are exposed to potential liability for personal injury or property damage caused by any release, spill, exposure or other accident involving such pollutants, substances or wastes.
In connection with the historical operation of our facilities, including those associated with acquired operations, substances which currently are or might be considered hazardous were used or disposed of at some sites that will or may require us to make expenditures for remediation. In addition, we have agreed to indemnify parties from whom we have purchased or to whom we have sold facilities for certain environmental liabilities arising from acts occurring before the dates those facilities were transferred.
We believe we are in compliance, in all material respects, with environmental laws and regulations and maintain insurance coverage to mitigate our exposure to environmental liabilities. We do not believe any environmental matters will have a material adverse effect on our future results of operations, financial position or cash flow. We do not anticipate we will incur material capital expenditures for environmental controls or for the investigation or remediation of environmental conditions during the remainder of 2017 or 2018.

25

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

12. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
The following table presents changes in AOCI, net of tax, by component, during the three months ended March 31, 2017:
 
 
Currency
Translation
Adjustment
(1)
 
Unrealized
Fair Value Of
Cash Flow Hedges
 
Defined Benefit
Pension and Other
Postretirement Plans
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2016
 
$
(264,562
)
 
$
(213
)
 
$
(130,841
)
 
$
(395,616
)
OCI before reclassifications
 
23,935

 
451

 
(2,081
)
 
22,305

Amounts reclassified from AOCI
 

 
(98
)
 
572

 
474

Net OCI
 
23,935

 
353

 
(1,509
)
 
22,779

Balance at March 31, 2017
 
$
(240,627
)
 
$
140

 
$
(132,350
)
 
$
(372,837
)
(1) 
During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the currency translation adjustment component of AOCI was favorably impacted by net movements in the Australian Dollar, British Pound, and Euro exchange rates against the U.S. Dollar.
The following table presents reclassification of AOCI into earnings, net of tax, for each component, during the three months ended March 31, 2017:
 
 
Amount Reclassified From AOCI
Unrealized Fair Value Of Cash Flow Hedges (1)
 
 
Interest rate derivatives (interest expense)
 
$
(49
)
Foreign currency derivatives (cost of revenue)
 
(124
)
Total before tax
 
$
(173
)
Tax
 
75

Total net of tax
 
$
(98
)
Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans (2)
 
 
Amortization of prior service credits
 
$
(150
)
Recognized net actuarial losses
 
813

Total before tax
 
$
663

Tax
 
(91
)
Total net of tax
 
$
572