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EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC./MDpsb-20170331xex32_1.htm
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EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC./MDpsb-20170331xex31_1.htm
EX-12 - EX-12 - PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC./MDpsb-20170331xex12.htm



UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549



FORM 10-Q



Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934



For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2017



or



Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934



For the transition period from ____________ to ____________



Commission File Number 1-10709



PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)



California

95-4300881

(State or Other Jurisdiction

(I.R.S. Employer

of Incorporation)

Identification Number)



701 Western Avenue, Glendale, California 91201-2397

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)



Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (818) 244-8080



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes  No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes  No  



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,”  and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.





 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes No



As of April 24, 2017, the number of shares of the registrant’s common stock, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding was 27,186,490.




 

PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

INDEX







 



 



Page

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

Consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2017 (unaudited) and December 31, 2016

3

Consolidated statements of income (unaudited) for the three months ended

 

March 31, 2017 and 2016

4

Consolidated statement of equity (unaudited) for the three months ended March 31, 2017

5

Consolidated statements of cash flows (unaudited) for the three months ended

 

March 31, 2017 and 2016

6

Notes to consolidated financial statements (unaudited)

7

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

20

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

33

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

33

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

34

Item 1A. Risk Factors

34

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

34

Item 6. Exhibits

35











 


 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION



ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share data)





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



March 31,

 

December 31,



2017

 

2016



(Unaudited)

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

4,766 

 

$

128,629 



 

 

 

 

 

Real estate facilities, at cost:

 

 

 

 

 

Land

 

789,531 

 

 

789,531 

Buildings and improvements

 

2,231,748 

 

 

2,226,881 



 

3,021,279 

 

 

3,016,412 

Accumulated depreciation

 

(1,178,909)

 

 

(1,159,808)



 

1,842,370 

 

 

1,856,604 

Land and building held for development

 

28,276 

 

 

27,028 



 

1,870,646 

 

 

1,883,632 

Investment in and advances to unconsolidated joint venture

 

82,104 

 

 

67,190 

Rent receivable, net

 

3,320 

 

 

1,945 

Deferred rent receivable, net

 

30,651 

 

 

29,770 

Other assets

 

5,706 

 

 

8,205 



 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

$

1,997,193 

 

$

2,119,371 



 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

Accrued and other liabilities

$

75,824 

 

$

78,657 

Credit facility

 

107,000 

 

 

Preferred stock called for redemption

 

 

 

230,000 

Total liabilities

 

182,824 

 

 

308,657 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

PS Business Parks, Inc.’s shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized,

 

 

 

 

 

35,190 shares issued and outstanding at

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016

 

879,750 

 

 

879,750 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized,

 

 

 

 

 

27,186,490 and 27,138,138 shares issued and outstanding at

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively

 

271 

 

 

271 

Paid-in capital

 

733,266 

 

 

733,671 

Cumulative net income

 

1,542,574 

 

 

1,502,643 

Cumulative distributions

 

(1,539,444)

 

 

(1,503,076)

Total PS Business Parks, Inc.’s shareholders’ equity

 

1,616,417 

 

 

1,613,259 

Noncontrolling interests:

 

 

 

 

 

Common units

 

197,952 

 

 

197,455 

Total noncontrolling interests

 

197,952 

 

 

197,455 

Total equity

 

1,814,369 

 

 

1,810,714 

Total liabilities and equity

$

1,997,193 

 

$

2,119,371 



See accompanying notes.

 

3


 

PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)







 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



For The Three Months



Ended March 31,

 

2017

 

2016

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

Rental income

$

100,061 

 

$

95,845 

Facility management fees

 

128 

 

 

128 

Total operating revenues

 

100,189 

 

 

95,973 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of operations

 

31,033 

 

 

31,894 

Depreciation and amortization

 

23,078 

 

 

25,041 

General and administrative

 

2,831 

 

 

3,635 

Total operating expenses

 

56,942 

 

 

60,570 

Other income and (expenses):

 

 

 

 

 

Interest and other income

 

105 

 

 

267 

Interest and other expenses

 

(184)

 

 

(3,190)

Total other income and (expenses)

 

(79)

 

 

(2,923)

Gain on sale of development rights

 

3,865 

 

 

Net income

$

47,033 

 

$

32,480 



 

 

 

 

 

Net income allocation:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income allocable to noncontrolling interests:

 

 

 

 

 

Noncontrolling interests—common units

$

7,102 

 

$

3,936 

Total net income allocable to noncontrolling interests

 

7,102 

 

 

3,936 

Net income allocable to PS Business Parks, Inc.:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred shareholders

 

13,291 

 

 

13,833 

Restricted stock unit holders

 

248 

 

 

142 

Common shareholders

 

26,392 

 

 

14,569 

Total net income allocable to PS Business Parks, Inc.

 

39,931 

 

 

28,544 

Net income

$

47,033 

 

$

32,480 



 

 

 

 

 

Net income per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

0.97 

 

$

0.54 

Diluted

$

0.97 

 

$

0.54 



 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

27,148 

 

 

27,043 

Diluted

 

27,234 

 

 

27,122 



 

 

 

 

 

Dividends declared per common share

$

0.85 

 

$

0.75 







 

See accompanying notes.

 

4


 

PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EQUITY

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2017

(Unaudited, in thousands, except share data)







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total PS

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Business Parks,

 

 

 

 

 

 



Preferred Stock

 

Common Stock

 

Paid-in

 

Cumulative

 

Cumulative

 

Inc.’s Shareholders’

 

Noncontrolling

 

Total

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Capital

 

Net Income

 

Distributions

 

Equity

 

Interests

 

Equity

Balances at December 31, 2016

35,190 

 

$

879,750 

 

27,138,138 

 

$

271 

 

$

733,671 

 

$

1,502,643 

 

$

(1,503,076)

 

$

1,613,259 

 

$

197,455 

 

$

1,810,714 

Issuance of common stock in

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

connection with stock-based

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

compensation

 

 

 

48,352 

 

 

 

 

689 

 

 

 

 

 

 

689 

 

 

 

 

689 

Stock compensation, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,867 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,867 

 

 

 

 

1,867 

Cash paid for taxes in lieu of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

shares upon vesting of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

restricted stock units

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3,356)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3,356)

 

 

 

 

(3,356)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

39,931 

 

 

 

 

39,931 

 

 

7,102 

 

 

47,033 

Distributions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(13,291)

 

 

(13,291)

 

 

 

 

(13,291)

Common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(23,077)

 

 

(23,077)

 

 

 

 

(23,077)

Noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(6,210)

 

 

(6,210)

Adjustment to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in underlying operating partnership

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

395 

 

 

 

 

 

 

395 

 

 

(395)

 

 

Balances at March 31, 2017

35,190 

 

$

879,750 

 

27,186,490 

 

$

271 

 

$

733,266 

 

$

1,542,574 

 

$

(1,539,444)

 

$

1,616,417 

 

$

197,952 

 

$

1,814,369 





 

See accompanying notes.

 

5


 

PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited, in thousands)









 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

For The Three Months



Ended March 31,

 

2017

 

2016

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

$

47,033 

 

$

32,480 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

23,078 

 

 

25,041 

In-place lease adjustment

 

(25)

 

 

(193)

Tenant improvement reimbursements, net of lease incentives

 

(362)

 

 

(423)

Gain on sale of development rights

 

(3,865)

 

 

Stock compensation

 

2,083 

 

 

2,805 

Amortization of financing costs

 

135 

 

 

126 

Decrease (increase) in receivables and other assets

 

641 

 

 

(80)

Decrease in accrued and other liabilities

 

(996)

 

 

(2,383)

Total adjustments

 

20,689 

 

 

24,893 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

67,722 

 

 

57,373 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures to real estate facilities

 

(8,672)

 

 

(6,499)

Capital expenditures to land and building held for development

 

(1,248)

 

 

Investment in and advances to unconsolidated joint venture

 

(14,914)

 

 

(3,940)

Proceeds from sale of development rights

 

2,400 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(22,434)

 

 

(10,439)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings on credit facility

 

133,000 

 

 

Repayment of borrowings on credit facility

 

(26,000)

 

 

Payment of financing costs

 

(690)

 

 

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

 

689 

 

 

900 

Redemption of preferred stock

 

(230,000)

 

 

Cash paid for taxes in lieu of shares upon vesting of restricted stock units

 

(3,356)

 

 

(1,758)

Cash paid to restricted stock unit holders

 

(216)

 

 

(142)

Distributions paid to preferred shareholders

 

(13,291)

 

 

(13,833)

Distributions paid to common shareholders

 

(23,077)

 

 

(20,280)

Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests

 

(6,210)

 

 

(5,479)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(169,151)

 

 

(40,592)

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

(123,863)

 

 

6,342 

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period

 

128,629 

 

 

188,912 

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

$

4,766 

 

$

195,254 



 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Adjustment to noncontrolling interests in underlying operating partnership:

 

 

 

 

 

Noncontrolling interests — common units

$

(395)

 

$

168 

Paid-in capital

$

395 

 

$

(168)







 

See accompanying notes.

 

6


 

PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2017



1. Organization and description of business



PS Business Parks, Inc. (“PSB”) was incorporated in the state of California in 1990. As of March 31, 2017, PSB owned 77.9% of the common partnership units (the “common partnership units”) of PS Business Parks, L.P. (the “Operating Partnership”). The remaining common partnership units are owned by Public Storage (“PS”). PSB, as the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, has full, exclusive and complete responsibility and discretion in managing and controlling the Operating Partnership. PSB and its subsidiaries, including the Operating Partnership, are collectively referred to as the “Company.” Assuming issuance of the Company’s common stock upon redemption of its common partnership units, PS would own 41.9% (or 14.5 million shares) of the outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock.



The Company is a fully-integrated, self-advised and self-managed real estate investment trust (“REIT”) that owns, operates, acquires and develops commercial properties, primarily multi-tenant flex, office and industrial space. As of  March 31, 2017, the Company owned and operated 28.1 million rentable square feet of commercial space in six states. The Company also manages 684,000 rentable square feet on behalf of PS.



References to the number of properties or square footage are unaudited and outside the scope of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm’s review of the Company’s financial statements in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).



2. Summary of significant accounting policies



Basis of presentation



The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of PSB and the Operating Partnership. All significant inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidated financial statements. The financial statements are presented on an accrual basis in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ended December 31, 2017. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.  



Consolidation and Equity Method of Accounting



The Company accounts for its investment in a joint venture that it has significant influence over, but does not control, using the equity method of accounting eliminating intra-entity profits and losses as if the joint venture were a consolidated subsidiary.



The Company consolidates all variable interest entities (each a “VIE”) for which it is the primary beneficiary. Generally, a VIE is a legal entity in which the equity investors do not have the characteristics of a controlling financial interest or the equity investors lack sufficient equity at risk for the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support. A limited partnership may be considered a VIE if the limited partners do not participate in operating decisions. Under this criteria, the Operating Partnership is considered a VIE. The Company’s significant asset is its investment in the Operating Partnership, and consequently, substantially all of the Company’s assets and

7

 


 

liabilities represent those assets and liabilities of the Operating Partnership. All of the Company’s debt is an obligation of the Operating Partnership.



Noncontrolling interests



The Company’s noncontrolling interests are reported as a component of equity separate from the parent’s equity. Purchases or sales of equity interests that do not result in a change in control are accounted for as equity transactions. In addition, net income attributable to the noncontrolling interests is included in net income on the face of the income statement and, upon a gain or loss of control, the interests purchased or sold, as well as any interests retained, are recorded at fair value with any gain or loss recognized in earnings. At the end of each reporting period, the Company determines the amount of equity (book value of net assets) which is allocable to the noncontrolling interests based upon the ownership interest, and an adjustment is made to the noncontrolling interests, with a corresponding adjustment to paid-in capital, to reflect the noncontrolling interests’ equity interest in the Company.



Use of estimates



The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from these estimates.



Allowance for doubtful accounts



The Company monitors the collectability of its receivable balances including the deferred rent receivable on an ongoing basis. Based on these reviews, the Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the possible inability of tenants to make contractual rent payments to the Company. A provision for doubtful accounts is recorded during each period. The allowance for doubtful accounts is netted against tenant and other receivables on the consolidated balance sheets. Tenant receivables are net of an allowance for uncollectible accounts totaling $400,000 at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016. Deferred rent receivable is net of an allowance for uncollectible accounts totaling $907,000 and $916,000 at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.



Financial instruments



The methods and assumptions used to estimate the fair value of financial instruments are described below. The Company has estimated the fair value of financial instruments using available market information and appropriate valuation methodologies. Considerable judgment is required in interpreting market data to develop estimates of market value. Accordingly, estimated fair values are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that could be realized in current market exchanges. The Company determines the estimated fair value of financial assets and liabilities utilizing a hierarchy of valuation techniques based on whether the inputs to a fair value measurement are considered to be observable or unobservable in a marketplace. Observable inputs reflect market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect market assumptions. This hierarchy requires the use of observable market data when available. The following is the fair value hierarchy:



·

Level 1—quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets;

·

Level 2—quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations in which significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets; and

·

Level 3—fair value measurements derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.



Financial assets that are exposed to credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents and receivables. The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents, which consist primarily of money market investments,

8

 


 

are only invested in entities with an investment grade rating. Receivables are comprised of balances due from a large number of customers. Balances that the Company expects to become uncollectible are reserved for or written off. Due to the short period to maturity of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, other assets and accrued and other liabilities, the carrying values as presented on the consolidated balance sheets are reasonable estimates of fair value.



Carrying values of the Company’s unsecured Credit Facility (as defined on page 14)  approximate fair value. The characteristics of these financial instruments, market data and other comparative metrics utilized in determining these fair values are “Level 2” inputs.



Real estate facilities



Real estate facilities are recorded at cost. Costs related to the renovation or improvement of the properties are capitalized. Expenditures for repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. Expenditures that are expected to benefit a period greater than two years and exceed $2,000 are capitalized and depreciated over their estimated useful life. Buildings and improvements are depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives, which generally range from five to 30 years. Transaction costs, which include tenant improvements and lease commissions, of $1,000 or more for leases with terms greater than one year are capitalized and depreciated over their estimated useful lives. Transaction costs less than $1,000 or for leases of one year or less are expensed as incurred.



Land and building held for development



Property taxes, insurance, interest and costs essential to the development of property for its intended use are capitalized during the period of development. Upon classification of an asset as held for development, depreciation of the asset is ceased.



Properties held for disposition



An asset is classified as an asset held for disposition when it meets certain requirements, which include, among other criteria, the approval of the sale of the asset, the marketing of the asset for sale and the expectation by the Company that the sale will likely occur within the next 12 months. Upon classification of an asset as held for disposition, depreciation of the asset is ceased, and the net book value of the asset is included on the balance sheet as properties held for disposition.



Intangible assets/liabilities



Intangible assets and liabilities include above-market and below-market in-place lease values of acquired properties based on the present value (using an interest rate which reflects the risks associated with the leases acquired) of the difference between (i) the contractual amounts to be paid pursuant to the in-place leases and (ii) management’s estimate of fair market lease rates for the corresponding in-place leases, measured over a period equal to the remaining non-cancelable term of the lease. The capitalized above-market and below-market lease values (included in other assets and accrued liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets) are amortized to rental income over the remaining non-cancelable terms of the respective leases.



As of March 31, 2017, the value of in-place leases resulted in net intangible assets of $996,000, net of $9.3 million of accumulated amortization with a weighted average amortization period of 9.5 years, and net intangible liabilities of $642,000, net of $10.2 million of accumulated amortization with a weighted average amortization period of 6.9 years. As of December 31, 2016, the value of in-place leases resulted in net intangible assets of $1.1 million, net of $9.2 million of accumulated amortization and net intangible liabilities of $784,000, net of $10.0 million of accumulated amortization.



The Company recorded net increases in rental income of $25,000 and $193,000 for the three months ended March

9

 


 

31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, due to the amortization of net intangible liabilities resulting from the above-market and below-market lease values.



Evaluation of asset impairment



The Company evaluates its assets used in operations for impairment by identifying indicators of impairment and by comparing the sum of the estimated undiscounted future cash flows for each asset to the asset’s carrying value. When indicators of impairment are present and the sum of the estimated undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying value of such asset, an impairment loss is recorded equal to the difference between the asset’s current carrying value and its value based on discounting its estimated future cash flows. In addition, the Company evaluates its assets held for disposition for impairment. Assets held for disposition are reported at the lower of their carrying value or fair value, less cost of disposition. At March 31, 2017, the Company did not consider any assets to be impaired.



Stock compensation



All share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, are recognized as stock compensation in the Company’s income statement based on their grant date fair values. See Note 11.



Revenue and expense recognition



The Company must meet four basic criteria before revenue can be recognized: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; the delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; the fee is fixed or determinable; and collectability is reasonably assured. All leases are classified as operating leases. Rental income is recognized on a straight-line basis over the terms of the leases. Straight-line rent is recognized for all tenants with contractual fixed increases in rent that are not included on the Company’s credit watch list. Deferred rent receivable represents rental revenue recognized on a straight-line basis in excess of billed rents. Reimbursements from tenants for real estate taxes and other recoverable operating expenses are recognized as rental income in the period the applicable costs are incurred. Property management fees are recognized in the period earned.



Costs incurred in connection with leasing (primarily tenant improvements and lease commissions) are capitalized and amortized over the lease period.



Gains from sales of real estate facilities



The Company recognizes gains from sales of real estate facilities at the time of sale using the full accrual method, provided that various criteria related to the terms of the transactions and any subsequent involvement by the Company with the properties sold are met. If the criteria are not met, the Company defers the gains and recognizes them when the criteria are met or uses the installment or cost recovery methods as appropriate under the circumstances.



General and administrative expenses



General and administrative expenses include executive and other compensation, office expenses, professional fees, acquisition transaction costs, state income taxes and other such administrative items.



Income taxes



The Company has qualified and intends to continue to qualify as a REIT, as defined in Section 856 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. As a REIT, the Company is not subject to federal income tax to the extent that it distributes its REIT taxable income to its shareholders. A REIT must distribute at least 90% of its REIT taxable income each year. In addition, REITs are subject to a number of organizational and operating requirements. The Company may be subject to certain state and local taxes on its income and property and to federal income and excise taxes on its undistributed taxable income. The Company believes it met all organization and operating requirements to maintain

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its REIT status during 2016 and intends to continue to meet such requirements for 2017. Accordingly, no provision for income taxes has been made in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.



The Company can recognize a tax benefit only if it is “more likely than not” that a particular tax position will be sustained upon examination or audit. To the extent that the “more likely than not” standard has been satisfied, the benefit associated with a position is measured as the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely of being recognized upon settlement. As of March 31, 2017, the Company did not recognize any tax benefit for uncertain tax positions.



Accounting for preferred equity issuance costs



The Company records issuance costs as a reduction to paid-in capital on its balance sheet at the time the preferred securities are issued and reflects the carrying value of the preferred equity at the stated value. Such issuance costs are recorded as non-cash preferred equity distributions at the time the Company notifies the holders of preferred stock of its intent to redeem such shares.



Net income per common share



Per share amounts are computed using the number of weighted average common shares outstanding. “Diluted” weighted average common shares outstanding includes the dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock units under the treasury stock method. “Basic” weighted average common shares outstanding excludes such effect. The Company's restricted stock units are participating securities and are included in the computation of basic and diluted weighted average common shares outstanding. The Company’s restricted stock unit holders are paid non-forfeitable dividends in excess of the expense recorded which results in a reduction in net income allocable to common shareholders and unit holders.



Earnings per share has been calculated as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



For The Three Months



Ended March 31,

 

2017

 

2016

Net income allocable to common shareholders

$

26,392 

 

$

14,569 

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

 

27,148 

 

 

27,043 

Net effect of dilutive stock compensation—based on

 

 

 

 

 

treasury stock method using average market price

 

86 

 

 

79 

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

 

27,234 

 

 

27,122 

Net income per common share—Basic

$

0.97 

 

$

0.54 

Net income per common share—Diluted

$

0.97 

 

$

0.54 



No options were excluded from the computation of diluted net income per share for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 as no options were considered anti-dilutive.



Segment reporting



The Company views its operations as one segment.



Reclassifications



Certain reclassifications have been made to the consolidated financial statements for 2016 in order to conform to the 2017 presentation.

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Recently issued accounting standards



In May, 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which amended the existing accounting standards for revenue recognition. The core principle underlying this guidance is that entities will recognize revenue upon the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled for such exchange. The guidance also provides a model for the measurement and recognition of gains and losses on the sale of certain nonfinancial assets, such as property and equipment, including real estate. This guidance is currently effective for the Company’s fiscal year beginning January 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted for the Company’s fiscal year beginning January 1, 2017. ASU 2014-09 allows for full retrospective adoption applied to all periods presented or modified retrospective adoption with the cumulative effect of initially applying the standard recognized at the date of initial application. The Company intends to adopt the guidance using the modified retrospective approach for the fiscal year beginning January 1, 2018. The Company anticipates no impact upon adoption of the new accounting guidance on its consolidated financial statements relating to the Company’s facility management fees for property management services provided to PS or the recognition of gains and losses on the sale of real estate assets as the Company’s current accounting for such transactions is consistent with the new guidance’s core principle. Rental income from leasing arrangements are a substantial portion of the Company’s revenue and is specifically excluded from ASU 2014-09 and will be governed by the applicable lease codification (ASU 2016-02, Leases). In conjunction with the adoption of the leasing guidance, the Company is currently in the process of evaluating certain variable payment terms included in these lease arrangements which are governed by ASU 2014-09.



In February, 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, which amends the existing accounting standards for lease accounting. The accounting applied by a lessor is largely unchanged under this guidance. However, the guidance requires lessees to classify leases as either finance or operating leases based on the principle of whether or not the lease is effectively a financed purchase of the leased asset by the lessee. The classification will determine whether the lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method or on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. A lessee is also required to record a right-of-use asset and related liability for most leases with a term of greater than 12 months, regardless of their classification. Leases with a term of 12 months or less will be accounted for similar to existing guidance for operating leases today. The new guidance is expected to result in the recognition of a right-of-use asset and related liability to account for the Company’s future obligations under the ground lease arrangements for which the Company is the lessee. As of March 31, 2017, the remaining contractual payments under the ground lease agreements aggregated $348,000. Additionally, the new guidance will require that lessees and lessors capitalize, as initial direct costs, only those costs that are incurred due to the execution of a lease. This guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. The guidance must be adopted using a modified retrospective approach for leases that exist or are entered into after the beginning of the earliest comparative period in the financial statements. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the impact of adoption of the new accounting guidance on its consolidated financial statements.



In January, 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805) - Clarifying the Definition of a Business, which provides guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions of assets or businesses. Under the new guidance, a set of transferred assets and activities is not a business when substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or group of similar identifiable assets. If a set of transferred assets and activities does not meet this threshold, then an entity must evaluate whether the set meets the requirement that a business include, at a minimum, an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create outputs. The new standard is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 and for interim periods therein. Early adoption is permitted. The guidance will be applied prospectively to any transactions occurring within the period of adoption. The Company adopted the guidance effective January 1, 2017 and expects the guidance will likely result in future acquisitions of operating properties being accounted for as asset acquisitions instead of business combinations with transaction costs of such acquisitions to be capitalized as part of the purchase price of the acquisition. Prior to

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the adoption of the new guidance, the Company accounted for acquisitions of operating properties as business combinations and expensed transaction costs as acquisition-related expenses.



3. Real estate facilities



The activity in real estate facilities for the three months ended March 31, 2017 is as follows (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

Buildings and

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

Land

 

Improvements

 

Depreciation

 

Total

Balances at December 31, 2016

$

789,531 

 

$

2,226,881 

 

$

(1,159,808)

 

$

1,856,604 

Capital expenditures

 

 

 

8,844 

 

 

 

 

8,844 

Disposals

 

 

 

(3,977)

 

 

3,977 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

 

 

 

(23,078)

 

 

(23,078)

Balances at March 31, 2017

$

789,531 

 

$

2,231,748 

 

$

(1,178,909)

 

$

1,842,370 



The purchase price of acquired properties is recorded to land, buildings and improvements (including tenant improvements, unamortized lease commissions, acquired in-place lease values, and tenant relationships, if any) and intangible assets and liabilities associated with the value of above-market and below-market leases based on their respective estimated fair values. Acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred.



In determining the fair value of the tangible assets of the acquired properties, management considers the value of the properties as if vacant as of the acquisition date. Management must make significant assumptions in determining the value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Using different assumptions in the recording of the purchase cost of the acquired properties would affect the timing of recognition of the related revenue and expenses. Amounts recorded to land are derived from comparable sales of land within the same region. Amounts recorded to buildings and improvements, tenant improvements and unamortized lease commissions are based on current market replacement costs and other market information. The amount recorded to acquired in-place leases is determined based on management’s assessment of current market conditions and the estimated lease-up periods for the respective spaces.



The Company did not acquire any assets or assume any liabilities during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016. 



During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company sold development rights it held to build medical office buildings on land adjacent to its Westech Business Park in Silver Spring, Maryland for $6.5 million. The Company had acquired the development rights as part of its 2006 acquisition of the park. The Company has received $4.0 million of proceeds, of which $1.5 million was received in prior years and $2.5 million was received in March, 2017. The Company recorded a gain of $3.9 million related to the proceeds received through March 31, 2017 less transaction costs of $135,000 as these amounts are non-refundable. The Company will report an additional gain of $2.5 million when the final proceeds are received in the fourth quarter of 2017 and the remaining contingencies have lapsed.



4. Investment in and advances to unconsolidated joint venture



In 2013, the Company entered into a joint venture known as Amherst JV LLC (the “Joint Venture”) with an unrelated real estate development company (the “JV Partner”) for the purpose of developing a 395-unit multi-family building on a five-acre site within The Mile in Tysons, Virginia (the “Project”).  PSB holds a 95.0% interest in the Joint Venture with the remaining 5.0% held by the JV Partner. The JV Partner is responsible for the development and construction of the Project and through an affiliate will oversee the leasing and management of the Project. The Project is expected to deliver its first completed units in the spring of 2017, with final completion expected in early 2018.



On  October 5, 2015 (the “Contribution Date”), the Company contributed the site, along with capitalized improvements, to the Joint Venture. Subsequent to the Contribution date, demolition, site preparation and construction

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commenced. The JV partner serves as the managing member, with mutual consent from both the Company and the managing member required for all significant decisions. As such, the Company accounts for its investment in the Joint Venture using the equity method.



Along with the equity capital the Company has committed to the Joint Venture, the Company has also agreed to provide the Joint Venture with a construction loan in the amount of $75.0 million. The Joint Venture will pay interest under the construction loan at a rate equal to the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 2.25%. The loan will mature on April 5, 2019 with two one-year extension options. The Company has reflected the aggregate value of the contributed site, its’ equity contributions, capitalized interest and loan advances to date as investment in and advances to unconsolidated joint venture. The aggregate amount of development costs are estimated to be $105.6 million (excluding unrealized land appreciation), of which the Company is committed to funding $75.0 million through a construction loan in addition to capital contributions of $28.5 million, which includes a land basis of $15.3 million, to the Joint Venture.



The Company’s investment in and advances to unconsolidated joint venture was $82.1 million and $67.2 million as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company made loan advances of $14.9 million and capitalized $279,000 of interest. For the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company made capital contributions of $3.6 million and capitalized $394,000 of interest.



5. Leasing activity



The Company leases space in its real estate facilities to tenants primarily under non-cancelable leases generally ranging from one to 10 years. Future minimum rental revenues, excluding recovery of operating expenses under these leases, are as follows as of March 31, 2017 (in thousands):





 

 



 

 

Remainder of 2017

$

211,806 

2018

 

228,153 

2019

 

159,029 

2020

 

104,012 

2021

 

70,731 

Thereafter

 

128,044 

Total

$

901,775 



In addition to minimum rental payments, certain tenants reimburse the Company for their pro rata share of specified operating expenses. Such reimbursements amounted to $23.1 million and $20.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. These amounts are included as rental income in the accompanying consolidated statements of income.



Leases accounting for 3.6% of total leased square footage are subject to termination options, of which 2.3% of total leased square footage have termination options exercisable through December 31, 2017. In general, these leases provide for termination payments should the termination options be exercised. The future minimum rental revenues in the above table assume such options are not exercised.



6. Bank loans



In January, 2017, the Company modified and extended the terms of its line of credit (the “Credit Facility”) and the Company’s related guaranty with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (“Wells Fargo”). The Credit Facility has a borrowing limit of $250.0 million and expires January 10, 2022. The rate of interest charged on borrowings is based on the LIBOR plus 0.80% to LIBOR plus 1.55% depending on the Company’s credit ratings. Currently, the Company’s rate under the Credit Facility is LIBOR plus 0.825%. In addition, the Company is required to pay an annual facility fee ranging from 0.10% to 0.30% of the borrowing limit depending on the Company’s credit ratings (currently 0.125%). In connection with the extension, the Company paid $613,000 of loan origination costs. As of

14

 


 

March 31, 2017, the Company had $107.0 million outstanding on the Credit Facility at an interest rate of 1.68%. Subsequent to March 31, 2017, the Company repaid $7.0 million on the Credit Facility. The Company had no balance outstanding on the Credit Facility at December 31, 2016. The Company had $1.1 million and $539,000 of unamortized loan origination costs as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively, which is included in other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The Credit Facility requires the Company to meet certain covenants, all of which the Company was in compliance with as of March 31, 2017. Interest on outstanding borrowings is payable monthly.  



7. Noncontrolling interests



As described in Note 2, the Company reports noncontrolling interests within equity in the consolidated financial statements, but separate from the Company’s shareholders’ equity. In addition, net income allocable to noncontrolling interests is shown as a reduction from net income in calculating net income allocable to common shareholders.



Common partnership units



The Company presents the accounts of PSB and the Operating Partnership on a consolidated basis. Ownership interests in the Operating Partnership that can be redeemed for common stock, other than PSB’s interest, are classified as noncontrolling interests—common units in the consolidated financial statements. Net income allocable to noncontrolling interests—common units consists of the common units’ share of the consolidated operating results after allocation to preferred units and shares. Beginning one year from the date of admission as a limited partner (common units) and subject to certain limitations described below, each limited partner other than PSB has the right to require the redemption of its partnership interest.



A limited partner (common units) that exercises its redemption right will receive cash from the Operating Partnership in an amount equal to the market value (as defined in the Operating Partnership Agreement) of the partnership interests redeemed. In lieu of the Operating Partnership redeeming the common units for cash, PSB, as general partner, has the right to elect to acquire the partnership interest directly from a limited partner exercising its redemption right, in exchange for cash in the amount specified above or by issuance of one share of PSB common stock for each unit of limited partnership interest redeemed.



A limited partner (common units) cannot exercise its redemption right if delivery of shares of PSB common stock would be prohibited under the applicable articles of incorporation, or if the general partner believes that there is a risk that delivery of shares of common stock would cause the general partner to no longer qualify as a REIT, would cause a violation of the applicable securities laws, or would result in the Operating Partnership no longer being treated as a partnership for federal income tax purposes.



At March 31, 2017, there were 7,305,355 common units owned by PS, which are accounted for as noncontrolling interests. Combined with PS’s existing common stock ownership, on a fully converted basis, PS has a combined ownership of 41.9% (or 14.5 million shares) of the Company’s common equity.



8. Related party transactions



The Operating Partnership manages industrial, office and retail facilities for PS. These facilities, all located in the United States, operate under the “Public Storage” or “PS Business Parks” names. The PS Business Parks name and logo are owned by PS and licensed to the Company under a non-exclusive, royalty-free license agreement. The license can be terminated by either party for any reason with six months written notice.



Under the property management contract with PS, the Operating Partnership is compensated based on a percentage of the gross revenues of the facilities managed. Under the supervision of the property owners, the Operating Partnership coordinates rental policies, rent collections, marketing activities, the purchase of equipment and supplies, maintenance activities, and the selection and engagement of vendors, suppliers and independent contractors. In

15

 


 

addition, the Operating Partnership assists and advises the property owners in establishing policies for the hire, discharge and supervision of employees for the operation of these facilities, including property managers and leasing, billing and maintenance personnel.



The property management contract with PS is for a seven-year term with the agreement automatically extending for an additional one-year period upon each one-year anniversary of its commencement (unless cancelled by either party). Either party can give notice of its intent to cancel the agreement upon expiration of its current term. Management fee revenues under this contract were $128,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.



PS also provides property management services for the self-storage component of two assets owned by the Company. These self-storage facilities, located in Palm Beach County, Florida, operate under the “Public Storage” name.



Under the property management contract, PS is compensated based on a percentage of the gross revenues of the facilities managed. Under the supervision of the Company, PS coordinates rental policies, rent collections, marketing activities, the purchase of equipment and supplies, maintenance activities, and the selection and engagement of vendors, suppliers and independent contractors. In addition, PS is responsible for establishing the policies for the hire, discharge and supervision of employees for the operation of these facilities, including on-site managers, assistant managers and associate managers.



Either the Company or PS can cancel the property management contract upon 60 days’ notice. Management fee expenses under the contract were $22,000 and $21,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.  



Pursuant to a cost sharing and administrative services agreement, the Company shares costs with PS for certain administrative services and rental of corporate office space, which are allocated between the Company and PS in accordance with a methodology intended to fairly allocate those costs. Costs allocated to the Company totaled $132,000 and  $123,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Costs allocated to PS totaled $8,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017.



The Company had net amounts due from PS of $164,000 and $295,000 at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively, for these contracts, as well as for certain operating expenses paid by the Company on behalf of PS.



9. Shareholders’ equity



Preferred stock



As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had the following series of preferred stock outstanding:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

Earliest Potential

 

Dividend

 

Shares

 

Amount

Series 

 

Issuance Date

 

Redemption Date

 

Rate

 

Outstanding

 

(in thousands)

Series T

 

May, 2012

 

May, 2017

 

6.000% 

 

14,000 

 

$

350,000 

Series U

 

September, 2012

 

September, 2017

 

5.750% 

 

9,200 

 

 

230,000 

Series V

 

March, 2013

 

March, 2018

 

5.700% 

 

4,400 

 

 

110,000 

Series W

 

October, 2016

 

October, 2021

 

5.200% 

 

7,590 

 

 

189,750 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

35,190 

 

$

879,750 



On December 7, 2016, the Company called for the redemption of its 6.45% Cumulative Preferred Stock, Series S, at its par value of $230.0 million and subsequently completed the redemption on January 18, 2017. The Company reported non-cash distributions of $7.3 million, representing the original issuance costs, as a reduction of net income allocable to common shareholders and unit holders for the year ended December 31, 2016. As of December 31, 2016,

16

 


 

the Company reclassified the 6.45% Cumulative Preferred Stock, Series S, of $230.0 million from equity to liabilities as preferred stock called for redemption.



The Company paid $13.3 million and $13.8 million in distributions to its preferred shareholders for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.



Holders of the Company’s preferred stock will not be entitled to vote on most matters, except under certain conditions. In the event of a cumulative arrearage equal to six quarterly dividends, the holders of the preferred stock will have the right to elect two additional members to serve on the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) until all events of default have been cured. At March 31, 2017, there were no dividends in arrears.



Except under certain conditions relating to the Company’s qualification as a REIT, the preferred stock is not redeemable prior to the previously noted redemption dates. On or after the respective redemption dates, the respective series of preferred stock will be redeemable, at the option of the Company, in whole or in part, at $25.00 per depositary share, plus any accrued and unpaid dividends. The Company had $28.4 million of deferred costs in connection with the issuance of preferred stock as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, which the Company will report as additional non-cash distributions upon notice of its intent to redeem such shares.



Common stock



During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Board increased its quarterly dividends from $0.75 per common share to $0.85 per common share. 



The Company paid $23.1 million ($0.85 per common share) and $20.3 million ($0.75 per common share) in distributions to its common shareholders for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.



No shares of common stock were repurchased under the board-approved common stock repurchase program during either of the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.



Equity stock



In addition to common and preferred stock, the Company is authorized to issue 100.0 million shares of Equity Stock. The Articles of Incorporation provide that Equity Stock may be issued from time to time in one or more series and give the Board broad authority to fix the dividend and distribution rights, conversion and voting rights, redemption provisions and liquidation rights of each series of Equity Stock.



10. Commitments and contingencies



The Company currently is neither subject to any other material litigation nor, to management’s knowledge, is any material litigation currently threatened against the Company other than routine litigation and administrative proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business.



11. Stock compensation



PSB has a 2003 Stock Option and Incentive Plan (the “2003 Plan”) and a 2012 Equity and Performance-Based Incentive Compensation Plan (the “2012 Plan”) covering 1.5 million and 1.0 million shares of PSB’s common stock, respectively. Under the 2003 Plan and 2012 Plan, PSB has granted non-qualified options to certain directors, officers and key employees to purchase shares of PSB’s common stock at a price not less than the fair market value of the common stock at the date of grant. Additionally, under the 2003 Plan and 2012 Plan, PSB has granted restricted shares of common stock to certain directors and restricted stock units to officers and key employees. 



No options were granted for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.

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The weighted average grant date fair value of restricted stock units granted during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was $88.91 and $83.59, respectively. The Company calculated the fair value of each restricted stock unit grant using the market value on the date of grant.



At March 31, 2017, there was a combined total of 1.1 million options and restricted stock units authorized to be granted.



Information with respect to outstanding options and nonvested restricted stock units granted under the 2003 Plan and 2012 Plan is as follows:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

Aggregate

 

 

 

Weighted

 

Average

 

 

Intrinsic

 

Number of

 

Average

 

Remaining

 

 

Value

Options:

Options

 

Exercise Price

 

Contract Life

 

 

(in thousands)

Outstanding at December 31, 2016

229,655 

 

$

68.93 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

(10,344)

 

$

66.63 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2017

219,311 

 

$

69.03 

 

5.34 Years

 

$

10,028 

Exercisable at March 31, 2017

147,224 

 

$

58.19 

 

3.96 Years

 

$

8,329 







 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 



 

 

Weighted



Number of

 

Average Grant

Restricted Stock Units:

Units

 

Date Fair Value

Nonvested at December 31, 2016

144,693 

 

$

58.56 

Granted

100,150 

 

$

88.91 

Vested

(67,914)

 

$

83.05 

Forfeited

(700)

 

$

89.83 

Nonvested at March 31, 2017

176,229 

 

$

77.30 



Effective March, 2014, the Company entered into a performance-based restricted stock unit program, the Senior Management Long-Term Equity Incentive Program for 2014-2017 (“LTEIP”), with certain employees of the Company. Under the LTEIP, the Company established three levels of targeted restricted stock unit awards for certain employees, which would be earned only if the Company achieved one of three defined targets during 2014 to 2017. Under the LTEIP there is an annual award following the end of each of the four years in the program, with the award subject to and based on the achievement of total return targets during the previous year, as well as an award based on achieving total return targets during the cumulative four-year period 2014-2017. In the event the minimum defined target is not achieved for an annual award, the restricted stock units allocated to be awarded for such year are added to the restricted stock units that may be received if the four-year target is achieved. All restricted stock unit awards under the LTEIP vest in four equal annual installments beginning from the date of award. Up to 100,150 restricted stock units would be awarded for each of the four years assuming achievement was met and up to 93,400 restricted stock units would be awarded for the cumulative four-year period assuming achievement was met. Compensation expense is recognized based on the restricted stock units expected to be awarded based on the target level that is expected to be achieved. Net compensation expense of $1.8 million and $2.5 million related to the LTEIP was recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.



In connection with the LTEIP, targets for 2016 were achieved at the highest threshold total return level. As such, 100,150 restricted stock units were granted during the three months ended March 31, 2017 at a weighted average grant date fair value of $88.91.



Included in the Company’s consolidated statements of income for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, was $49,000 and $131,000, respectively, in net compensation expense related to stock options. Net

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compensation expense of $2.0 million and $2.6 million related to restricted stock units was recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.  



As of March 31, 2017, there was $480,000 of unamortized compensation expense related to stock options expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 3.4 years. As of March 31, 2017, there was $11.7 million of unamortized compensation expense related to restricted stock units expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 3.4 years.



Cash received from 10,344 stock options exercised during the three months ended March 31, 2017 was $689,000.  Cash received from 16,823 stock options exercised during the three months ended March 31, 2016 was $900,000. The aggregate intrinsic value of the stock options exercised was $513,000 and $723,000 during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.



During the three months ended March 31, 2017,  67,914 restricted stock units vested; in settlement of these units,  38,008 shares were issued, net of 29,906 shares applied to payroll taxes. The aggregate fair value of the shares vested for the three months ended March 31, 2017 was $7.6 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2016,  43,689 restricted stock units vested; in settlement of these units, 25,604 shares were issued, net of 18,085 shares applied to payroll taxes. The aggregate fair value of the shares vested for the three months ended March 31, 2016 was $3.6 million. In addition to the vesting of these shares, tax deposits totaling $3.4 million and $1.8 million were made during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, on behalf of employees in exchange for common shares withheld upon vesting.



In April, 2015, the shareholders of the Company approved the issuance of up to 130,000 shares of common stock under the Retirement Plan for Non-Employee Directors (the “Director Plan”). Under the Director Plan, the Company grants 1,000 shares of common stock for each year served as a director up to a maximum of 8,000 shares issued upon retirement. The Company recognizes compensation expense over the requisite service period. As a result, included in the Company’s consolidated statements of income was $76,000 and $83,000 in compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.  As of March 31, 2017 and 2016, there was $811,000 and $1.1 million, respectively, of unamortized compensation expense related to these shares. No shares were issued during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS



Forward-Looking Statements: Forward-looking statements, within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, are made throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. For this purpose, any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Without limiting the foregoing, the words “may,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “expects,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “intends” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. There are a number of important factors that could cause the results of the Company to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements, including but not limited to: (a) changes in general economic and business conditions; (b) decreases in rental rates or increases in vacancy rates/failure to renew or replace expiring leases; (c) tenant defaults; (d) the effect of the recent credit and financial market conditions; (e) our failure to maintain our status as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended; (f) the economic health of our tenants; (g) increases in operating costs; (h) casualties to our properties not covered by insurance; (i) the availability and cost of capital; (j) increases in interest rates and its effect on our stock price; and (k) other factors discussed under the heading “Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included herein, the inclusion of such information should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that our objectives and plans will be achieved. Moreover, we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting such forward-looking statements, except as required by law.



Overview



As of March 31, 2017, the Company owned and operated 28.1 million rentable square feet of multi-tenant flex, industrial and office properties concentrated primarily in six states.



The Company focuses on increasing profitability and cash flow aimed at maximizing shareholder value. The Company strives to maintain high occupancy levels while increasing rental rates and minimizing capital expenditures when market conditions allow, although the Company may decrease rental rates in markets where conditions require. The Company also acquires properties it believes will create long-term value, and from time to time disposes of properties which no longer fit within the Company’s strategic objectives. Operating results are driven primarily by income from rental operations and are therefore substantially influenced by demand for rental space within our properties and our markets, which impacts occupancy, rental rates and capital requirements.



Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates: Our accounting policies are described in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We believe our most critical accounting policies relate to revenue recognition, property acquisitions, allowance for doubtful accounts, impairment of long-lived assets, depreciation, accruals of operating expenses and accruals for contingencies, each of which are more fully described in “Part I, Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.  



Effect of Acquisitions, Development and Dispositions of Properties on the Company’s Operations: The Company is focused on growing its operations by looking for opportunities to expand its presence in existing and new markets through strategic acquisitions that meet the Company’s focus on multi-tenant flex, industrial and office parks in markets where it has or may obtain a substantial market presence. The Company may also from time to time dispose of assets based on market conditions.



On September 28, 2016, the Company acquired two multi-tenant office buildings, which comprise the 226,000 square feet of Non-Same Park portfolio (defined below), in Rockville, Maryland, for a purchase price of $13.3 million. As of March 31, 2017, the occupancy rate of this asset remained unchanged since the date of acquisition at 18.5%. The Company had 184,000 square feet of vacant space spread within the acquired buildings as of March 31, 2017.  

20

 


 

The buildings are located within Shady Grove Executive Park, where the Company owns three other buildings aggregating 352,000 square feet, which were 91.8% leased as of March 31, 2017.



As of November 1, 2016, the Company transferred a 123,000 square foot building also located within The Mile in Tysons, Virginia to land and building held for development, as the Company is pursuing entitlements to develop an additional multi-family complex on this site. The scope and timing of any future development will be subject to a variety of approvals and contingencies. Prior to being classified as land and building held for development, the building was occupied by a single user. The net operating income (“NOI”) associated with the prior tenant is reflected as NOI from asset held for development.



In 2013, the Company entered into a joint venture known as Amherst JV LLC (the “Joint Venture”) with an unrelated real estate development company (the “JV Partner”) for the purpose of developing a 395-unit multi-family building on a five-acre site within The Mile in Tysons, Virginia (the “Project”). PSB holds a 95.0% interest in the Joint Venture with the remaining 5.0% held by the JV Partner. The JV Partner is responsible for the development and construction of the Project and through an affiliate will oversee the leasing and management of the Project. The Project is expected to deliver its first completed units in the spring of 2017, with final completion expected in early 2018.



On October 5, 2015 (the “Contribution Date”), the Company contributed the site, along with capitalized improvements, to the Joint Venture. Subsequent to the Contribution Date, demolition, site preparation and construction commenced. The JV partner serves as the managing member, with mutual consent from both the Company and the managing member required for all significant decisions. As such, the Company accounts for its investment in the Joint Venture using the equity method.



Along with the equity capital the Company has committed to the Joint Venture, the Company has also agreed to provide the Joint Venture with a construction loan in the amount of $75.0 million. The Joint Venture will pay interest under the construction loan at a rate equal to the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 2.25%. The loan will mature on April 5, 2019 with two one-year extension options. The Company has reflected the aggregate value of the contributed site, its’ equity contributions, capitalized interest and loan advances to date as investment in and advances to unconsolidated joint venture. The aggregate amount of development costs are estimated to be $105.6 million (excluding unrealized land appreciation), of which the Company is committed to funding $75.0 million through a construction loan ($49.2 million was outstanding as of March 31, 2017) in addition to capital contributions of $28.5 million, which includes a land basis of $15.3 million, to the Joint Venture. 



The Company’s investment in and advances to unconsolidated joint venture was $82.1 million and $67.2 million at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company made loan advances of $14.9 million and capitalized $279,000 of interest. 



During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company sold development rights it held to build medical office buildings on land adjacent to its Westech Business Park in Silver Spring, Maryland for $6.5 million. The Company had acquired the development rights as part of its 2006 acquisition of the park. The Company has received $4.0 million of proceeds, of which $1.5 million was received in prior years and $2.5 million was received in March, 2017. The Company recorded a gain of $3.9 million related to the proceeds received through March 31, 2017 less transaction costs of $135,000 as these amounts are non-refundable. The Company will report an additional gain of $2.5 million when the final proceeds are received in the fourth quarter of 2017 and the remaining contingencies have lapsed.



Impact of Inflation: Although inflation has not been significant in recent years, it remains a potential factor in our economy, and the Company continues to seek ways to mitigate its potential impact. A substantial portion of the Company’s leases require tenants to pay operating expenses, including real estate taxes, utilities, and insurance, as well as increases in common area expenses, partially reducing the Company’s exposure to inflation.

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Key Operating Metrics



The Company’s operations are substantially concentrated in eight regions. Each of the eight regions in which the Company owns assets is subject to its own unique market influences. All operating metrics discussed in this section as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 exclude asset held for development. Management believes excluding the results of such assets provides the most relevant perspective on the ongoing operations of the Company. Please refer to “Part I, Item 1. Financial Statements” included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for financial metrics that include results from asset held for development.



Net Operating Income: Rental income, cost of operations and rental income less cost of operations, excluding depreciation and amortization, or NOI, are summarized for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.  NOI is a non-GAAP financial measure that is often used by investors to determine the performance and value of commercial real estate.  Depreciation and amortization have been excluded from NOI as they are generally not used in determining the value of commercial real estate by management or the investment community. Depreciation and amortization are generally not used in determining value as they consider the historical costs of an asset compared to its current value; therefore, to understand the effect of the assets’ historical cost on the Company’s results, investors should look at GAAP financial measures, such as total operating costs including depreciation and amortization. The Company’s calculation of NOI may not be comparable to those of other companies and should not be used as an alternative to measures of performance calculated in accordance with GAAP. As part of the tables below, we have reconciled total NOI to net income, which we consider the most directly comparable financial measure calculated in accordance with GAAP.



To present comparative results,  for the purpose of computing NOI, the tables below exclude amortization of the Senior Management Long-Term Equity Incentive Plan (“LTEIP”) for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.



Concentration of Portfolio by Region: The table below reflects the Company’s square footage based on regional concentration as of March 31, 2017. As part of the table below, we have reconciled total NOI to net income (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

Percent of

 

 

 

NOI

 

 



 

Square

 

Square

 

Occupancy at

 

For The Three Months

 

Percent

Region

 

Footage

 

Footage

 

March 31, 2017

 

Ended March 31, 2017

 

of Total NOI

California

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Northern California

 

7,245 

 

25.7% 

 

98.2% 

 

$

17,406 

 

24.9% 

Southern California

 

3,988 

 

14.2% 

 

95.7% 

 

 

10,989 

 

15.7% 

Texas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Northern Texas

 

3,125 

 

11.1% 

 

91.2% 

 

 

5,546 

 

8.0% 

Southern Texas

 

1,963 

 

7.0% 

 

93.7% 

 

 

5,028 

 

7.2% 

Virginia

 

3,917 

 

14.0% 

 

90.3% 

 

 

12,971 

 

18.6% 

Florida

 

3,866 

 

13.8% 

 

97.7% 

 

 

7,186 

 

10.3% 

Maryland

 

2,578 

 

9.2% 

 

81.8% 

 

 

7,686 

 

11.0% 

Washington

 

1,390 

 

5.0% 

 

98.6% 

 

 

3,012 

 

4.3% 

Total

 

28,072 

 

100.0% 

 

94.1% 

 

$

69,824 

 

100.0% 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation of NOI to net income

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total NOI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

69,824 

 

 

Other income and (expenses):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LTEIP amortization:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(796)

 

 

General and administrative

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(973)

 

 

Facility management fees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

128 

 

 

Other income and (expenses)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(79)

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(23,078)

 

 

Adjusted general and administrative (1)

 

 

(1,858)

 

 

Gain on sale of development rights

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,865 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

47,033 

 

 

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____________________________

(1)

Adjusted general and administrative expenses exclude LTEIP amortization of $973,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017.



Leasing Production: During the first three months of 2017, the Company executed leases comprising 1.8 million square feet of space (1.2 million square feet of lease renewals and 615,000 square feet of new leases) while achieving initial rental rate growth on new and renewed leases of 3.5% over expiring rents. Total portfolio occupancy percentage decreased by 30 basis points to 94.1%  since December 31, 2016.



The following table summarizes the Company’s leasing production by these eight regions for the three months ended March 31, 2017 (in thousands):