Attached files

file filename
EX-32.2 - CERTIFICATION - LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS LLCexhibit322-certification12.htm
EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION - LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS LLCexhibit321-certification12.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION - LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS LLCexhibit312-certification12.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION - LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS LLCexhibit311-certification12.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
                    
FORM 10-K
                    
x
Annual report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016
 
o
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
 
Commission file number 000-50254
LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
South Dakota
 
46-0460790
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
46269 SD Highway 34
P.O. Box 100
Wentworth, South Dakota
 
57075
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(605) 483-2676
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: Membership Units

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
o Yes x No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
o Yes x No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.        x Yes o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
x Yes    o No

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer o
 
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer x
 
Smaller Reporting Company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). o Yes x No

As of June 30, 2016, the last day of the registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter, the aggregate market value of the registrant's membership units held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $14,314,125 computed by reference to the most recent public offering price on Form S-4.
 
As of March 2, 2017, there were 29,620,000 membership units of the registrant outstanding.


DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

The registrant has incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K portions of its definitive information statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the close of the fiscal year covered by this Annual Report (December 31, 2016). This information statement is referred to in this report as the 2017 Information Statement.







INDEX
 
Page No.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2


CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This annual report contains historical information, as well as forward-looking statements that involve known and unknown risks and relate to future events, our future financial performance, or our expected future operations and actions. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as "may," "will," "should," "expect," "plan," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "future," "intend," "could," "hope," "predict," "target," "potential," or "continue" or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are only our predictions based upon current information and involve numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties. Our actual results or actions may differ materially from these forward-looking statements for many reasons, including the reasons described in this report. While it is impossible to identify all such factors, factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those estimated by us include:

Reductions in the corn-based ethanol use requirement in the Federal Renewable Fuels Standard;
Lower oil prices which result in lower ethanol prices;
Negative operating margins which result from lower ethanol prices;
Lower distillers grains prices due to the Chinese antidumping and countervailing duty tariffs;
Lower gasoline prices may negatively impact ethanol prices which could hurt our profitability;
Availability and costs of raw materials, particularly corn and natural gas;
Changes in the price and market for ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil;
Our ability to maintain liquidity and maintain our risk management positions;
Changes in the availability and cost of credit;
Changes and advances in ethanol production technology;
The effectiveness of our risk management strategy to offset increases in the price of our raw materials and decreases in the prices of our products;
Overcapacity within the ethanol industry causing supply to exceed demand;
Our ability to market and our reliance on third parties to market our products;
The decrease or elimination of governmental incentives which support the ethanol industry;
Changes in the weather or general economic conditions impacting the availability and price of corn;
Our ability to generate free cash flow to invest in our business and service our debt;
Changes in plant production capacity or technical difficulties in operating the plant;
Changes in our business strategy, capital improvements or development plans;
Our ability to retain key employees and maintain labor relations;
Our liability resulting from potential litigation;
Competition from alternative fuels and alternative fuel additives; and
Other factors described elsewhere in this report.

The cautionary statements referred to in this section also should be considered in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements that may be issued by us or persons acting on our behalf. We undertake no duty to update these forward-looking statements, even though our situation may change in the future. Furthermore, we cannot guarantee future results, events, levels of activity, performance, or achievements. We caution you not to put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report.  You should read this report and the documents that we reference in this report and have filed as exhibits completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we currently expect.  We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.

PART I

ITEM 1.    BUSINESS.

Overview

Lake Area Corn Processors, LLC is a South Dakota limited liability company that owns and manages an ethanol plant that has a nameplate production capacity of 40 million gallons of ethanol per year through its wholly-owned subsidiary Dakota Ethanol, L.L.C. The ethanol plant is located near Wentworth, South Dakota. Lake Area Corn Processors, LLC is referred to in this report as "LACP," the "Company," "we," or "us." Dakota Ethanol, L.L.C. is referred to in this report as "Dakota Ethanol" or the "ethanol plant."

Since September 4, 2001, we have been engaged in the production of ethanol and distillers grains. Fuel grade ethanol is our primary product accounting for the majority of our revenue.  We also sell distillers grains and corn oil, the principal co-products of the ethanol production process.


3


General Development of Business

LACP was formed as a South Dakota cooperative on May 25, 1999. On August 20, 2002, our members approved a plan to reorganize into a South Dakota limited liability company. The reorganization became effective on August 31, 2002, and the assets and liabilities of the cooperative were transferred to the newly formed limited liability company. Following the reorganization, our legal name was changed to Lake Area Corn Processors, LLC.

Our ownership of Dakota Ethanol represents our primary asset and source of revenue. Since we operate Dakota Ethanol as a wholly-owned subsidiary, all net income generated by Dakota Ethanol is passed to LACP. We make distributions of the income received from Dakota Ethanol to our unit holders in proportion to the number of units held by each member compared to the units held by our members generally.

We recently completed an expansion of our railroad siding to accommodate shipping unit trains. The project reached substantial completion during the third quarter of 2016. We used cash from our continuing operations and amounts we had available to borrow on our long-term revolving debt to finance this capital project which cost approximately $7 million.

During our 2016 fiscal year, we paid a total of $11,848,000 in distributions to our members or approximately $0.40 per membership unit.

Financial Information

Please refer to "Item 7 - Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" for information regarding our results of operations and "Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" for our audited consolidated financial statements.

Principal Products

The principal products produced at the ethanol plant are fuel grade ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil. The table below shows the approximate percentage of our total revenue which is attributed to each of our primary products for each of our last three fiscal years.
Product
 
Fiscal Year 2016
 
Fiscal Year 2015
 
Fiscal Year 2014
Ethanol
 
78%
 
76%
 
75%
Distillers Grains
 
18%
 
20%
 
22%
Corn Oil
 
3%
 
3%
 
3%

Ethanol

Ethanol is ethyl alcohol, a fuel component made primarily from corn and various other grains. Ethanol is primarily used as: (i) an octane enhancer in fuels; (ii) an oxygenated fuel additive for the purpose of reducing ozone and carbon monoxide vehicle emissions; and (iii) a non-petroleum-based gasoline substitute. Ethanol produced in the United States is primarily used for blending with unleaded gasoline and other fuel products. Ethanol blended fuel is typically designated in the marketplace according to the percentage of the fuel that is ethanol, with the most common fuel blend being E10, which includes 10% ethanol. The United States Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") has approved the use of gasoline blends that contain 15% ethanol, or E15, for use in all vehicles manufactured in model year 2001 and later. In addition, flexible fuel vehicles can use gasoline blends that contain up to 85% ethanol called E85.

An ethanol plant is essentially a fermentation plant. Ground corn and water are mixed with enzymes and yeast to produce a substance called "beer," which contains approximately 15% alcohol, 11% solids and 74% water. The "beer" is boiled to separate the water, resulting in ethyl alcohol, which is then dehydrated to increase the alcohol content. This product is then mixed with a certified denaturant, such as gasoline, to make the product unfit for human consumption which allows it to be sold commercially.

Distillers Grains

A principal co-product of the ethanol production process is distillers grains, a high protein, high-energy animal feed supplement primarily marketed to the dairy and beef industry. We primarily produce distillers grains in two forms, modified/wet distillers grains and dried distillers grains. Modified/wet distillers grains have a higher moisture content than dried distillers grains. Our modified/wet distillers grains are sold primarily in our local market because they have a shorter shelf life and are more

4


expensive to transport than dried distillers grains. During our 2016 and 2015 fiscal years, approximately 64%, based on volume, of the distillers grains we sold were in the modified/wet form and approximately 36% were in the dried form.

Corn Oil

We separate a portion of the corn oil contained in our distillers grains which we market separately from our distillers grains. The corn oil that we produce is not food grade corn oil and therefore cannot be used for human consumption. The primary uses for the corn oil that we produce are animal feed, industrial uses and biodiesel production.

Principal Product Markets

Ethanol

The primary market for our ethanol is the domestic fuel blending market. However, in recent years the United States has experienced increased ethanol exports. This increase in ethanol exports follows a conscious effort by the United States ethanol industry to expand ethanol exports along with lower ethanol prices which encouraged exports. During 2016, the primary export markets served by the United States ethanol industry were Canada, Brazil, India, China and the Philippines. However, ethanol export demand is more unpredictable than domestic demand and tends to fluctuate throughout the year as it is subject to monetary and political forces in other nations. An example of this, the recent imposition of a tax on imported ethanol by Brazil has created uncertainty as to the viability of that market for ethanol produced in the United States and may require United States producers to seek out other markets for their products. In addition, the strong U.S. Dollar may have negatively impacted ethanol exports from the United States during 2016. Following the end of 2016, the Chinese indicated they would increase the tariff on United States ethanol from 5% to 30% which could also impact ethanol exports.

In 2011, the European Union launched anti-dumping and anti-subsidy investigations related to ethanol exports from the United States. In August 2012, the European Union concluded the anti-subsidy investigation and decided not to impose a tariff related to the anti-subsidy portion of the investigation. However, the European Union decided to impose a tariff on ethanol imported from the United States based on the anti-dumping portion of the investigation. While this tariff has negatively impacted ethanol exports to the European Union, other countries have increased their ethanol imports. Further, some ethanol exports to the European Union have continued despite the tariff due to the relatively lower price of ethanol produced in the United States.

Ethanol is generally blended with gasoline before it is sold to the end consumer. Therefore, the primary purchasers of ethanol are fuel blending companies who mix the ethanol we produce with gasoline. As discussed below in the section entitled "Distribution of Principal Products," we have a third party marketer that sells all of our ethanol. Our ethanol marketer makes substantially all decisions regarding where our ethanol is sold.

Distillers Grains

Distillers grains are primarily used as animal feed. Distillers grains are typically fed to animals instead of other traditional animal feeds such as corn and soybean meal. Distillers grains exports have increased in recent years as distillers grains have become a more accepted animal feed. Currently, the United States ethanol industry exports a significant amount of distiller grains. During 2016, the largest importers of United States distiller grains were China, Mexico, South Korea, Vietnam and Canada. During 2016, China began an anti-dumping and countervailing duty investigation related to distillers grains imported from the United States which contributed to a decline in distillers grains shipped to China. In September 2016, China issued a preliminary ruling on the anti-dumping investigation imposing an immediate duty on distillers grains that are produced in the United States. In addition, China implemented an anti-subsidy duty as of September 30, 2016. In January 2017, the Chinese finalized the anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties at rates higher than the preliminary rates set in September 2016.  The anti-dumping duties will range from 42.2% to 53.7%, an increase from the preliminary duty of 33.8% issued in September 2016. The final anti-subsidy tariffs will range from 11.2% to 12%, up from 10% to 10.7% issued in September 2016. The trade actions taken by the Chinese have resulted in further declines in distillers grains demand and prices. The significant reduction in distillers grains exports to China requires United States distillers grains producers to seek out alternative markets.

We anticipate that the vast majority of our distillers grains will continue to be sold in the domestic market due to our plant's location. Further, management anticipates that we will continue to sell a large proportion of our distillers grains in the modified/wet form which is marketed locally.

    

5


Corn Oil

The primary markets for corn oil are the industrial chemicals market, animal feeding market and the biodiesel production market. Corn oil demand was higher during 2016 partially as a result of the reintroduction of the biodiesel blenders' tax credit during 2016 which increased biodiesel production. This biodiesel blenders' tax credit expired at the end of 2016. Further, additional corn oil supply has continued to enter the market which has negatively impacted corn oil prices. The market for corn oil is expected to continue to shift as changes in supply and demand of corn oil interact. Our corn oil is primarily marketed in the United States and we do not expect that significant exports of corn oil will occur in the near future.

Distribution of Principal Products

Ethanol Distribution

We have an ethanol marketing agreement with RPMG, Inc. ("RPMG"), a professional third party marketer, which is the sole marketer of our ethanol. We are an equity owner of Renewable Products Marketing Group, LLC ("RPMG, LLC"), the parent company of RPMG, which allows us to realize favorable marketing fees in the sale of our ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil. Our ethanol marketing agreement provides that we can sell our ethanol either through an index arrangement or at a fixed price agreed to between us and RPMG. The term of our ethanol marketing agreement is perpetual, until it is terminated according to the terms of the agreement. The primary reasons our ethanol marketing agreement would terminate are if we cease to be an owner of RPMG, LLC, if there is a breach of our ethanol marketing agreement which is not cured, or if we give advance notice to RPMG that we wish to terminate our ethanol marketing agreement. Notwithstanding our right to terminate our ethanol marketing agreement, we may be obligated to continue to market our ethanol through RPMG for a period of time after termination. Further, following termination we agreed to accept an assignment of certain railcar leases which RPMG has secured to service our ethanol sales. If our ethanol marketing agreement is terminated, it would trigger a redemption by RPMG, LLC of our ownership interest in RPMG, LLC.

Distillers Grains Distribution

Other than the distillers grains that we market locally without a third party marketer, our distillers grains are marketed by RPMG. Our distillers grains marketing agreement with RPMG automatically renews for additional one-year terms unless notice of termination is given as provided by the distillers grains marketing agreement. We pay RPMG a commission based on each ton of distillers grains sold by RPMG.

We market a portion of our distillers grains to our local market without the use of an external marketer. Currently, we market approximately 64%, based on volume, of our distillers grains internally. Shipments of these products are made to local markets by truck. This has allowed us to sell less distillers grains in the form of dried distillers grains which has decreased our natural gas usage and improved our margins from the sale of distillers grains.

Corn Oil Distribution

We market all of our corn oil through RPMG. Our corn oil marketing agreement automatically renews for additional one year terms unless either party gives 180 days notice that the agreement will not be renewed. We pay RPMG a commission based on each pound of our corn oil that is sold by RPMG.

New Products and Services

We did not introduce any new products or services during our 2016 fiscal year.

Patents, Trademarks, Licenses, Franchises and Concessions

We do not currently hold any patents, trademarks, franchises or concessions. We were granted a license by Broin and Associates, Inc. ("Broin"), the company that designed and built the ethanol plant, to use certain ethanol production technology necessary to operate our ethanol plant. The cost of the license granted by Broin was included in the amount we paid Broin to design and build our ethanol plant.


6


Sources and Availability of Raw Materials

Corn Feedstock Supply

The major raw material required for our ethanol plant to produce ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil is corn.  The plant operates in excess of its nameplate capacity of 40 million gallons of ethanol per year, producing approximately 51 million gallons of ethanol annually from approximately 18 million bushels of corn.  The area surrounding the ethanol plant currently provides an ample supply of corn to meet and exceed our raw material requirements for the production capacity of the plant.

Corn prices have been volatile in recent years due to changes in corn demand as well as yield and production fluctuations that have had a significant impact on corn prices. Corn prices were lower during our 2016 fiscal year as a result of four consecutive years of favorable corn crops which has increased the amount of corn available to us. As a result of these favorable corn crops, we have not had difficulty securing the corn we need to operate the ethanol plant at prices that have allowed us to operate profitably. However, as we experienced during 2012, an unfavorable corn crop can have a significant negative impact on our profitability. We could experience a drought or other unfavorable weather condition during our 2017 fiscal year which could impact the price we pay for corn and could negatively impact the availability of corn near our plant. If we experience a localized shortage of corn, we may be forced to purchase corn from producers who are farther away from our ethanol plant which can increase our transportation costs. In addition, if new corn customers enter the market, it can increase demand for corn which could result in higher corn prices. Since corn is the primary raw material we use to produce our products, the availability and cost of corn can have a significant impact on the profitability of our operations.

Corn is supplied to us primarily from our members who are local agricultural producers and from purchases of corn on the open market. We anticipate purchasing corn from third parties should our members fail to supply us with enough corn to operate the ethanol plant at capacity. We do not anticipate experiencing difficulty purchasing the corn we require to operate the ethanol plant.

We have an agreement with John Stewart & Associates ("JSA") to provide us with consulting services related to our risk management strategy. We pay JSA a fee of $2,500 per month to assist us in making risk management decisions regarding our commodity purchases. The agreement renews on a month-to-month basis.

Natural Gas

Natural gas is an important input to our manufacturing process.  We purchase our natural gas on the open market and the price for our natural gas is based on market rates. We have a contract with Northern Natural Gas for the interstate transportation of our natural gas. We contract with NorthWestern Energy for the local transportation of our natural gas. Both contracts expire in 2018. We have had no interruptions or shortages in the supply of natural gas to the plant since operations commenced in 2001. We anticipate that we will be able to purchase sufficient natural gas to continue to operate the ethanol plant during our 2017 fiscal year.

Electricity

Electricity is necessary for lighting and powering much of the machinery and equipment used in the production process. We contract with Sioux Valley Energy, Inc. to provide all of the electric power and energy requirements for the ethanol plant. We have had no interruptions or shortages in the supply of electricity to the plant since operations commenced in 2001.

Water

Water is a necessary part of the ethanol production process. It is used in the fermentation process and to produce steam for the cooking, evaporation, and distillation processes. We contract with Big Sioux Community Water System, Inc. to meet our water requirements. Our current agreement with Big Sioux is for a five-year term commencing in December 2014 and is renewable for additional five year terms. Since our operations commenced in September 2001, we have had no interruption in the supply of water and all of our requirements have been met.

Seasonal Factors in Business

We experience some seasonality of demand for our ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil. Since ethanol is predominantly blended with gasoline for use in automobiles, ethanol demand tends to shift in relation to gasoline demand. As a result, we experience some seasonality of demand for ethanol in the summer months related to increased driving and, as a result, increased gasoline demand. In addition, we experience some increased ethanol demand during holiday seasons related to increased gasoline

7


demand. We also experience decreased distillers grains demand during the summer months due to natural depletion in the size of herds at cattle feed lots. Further, we expect some seasonality of demand for our corn oil since the biodiesel industry is a major corn oil user and biodiesel plants typically reduce production during the winter months. We experience some seasonality in the price we pay for natural gas with premium pricing during the winter months. This increase in natural gas prices coincides with increased natural gas demand for heating needs in the winter months.

Working Capital

We primarily use our working capital for purchases of raw materials necessary to operate the ethanol plant, for payments on our credit facilities, for distributions to our members and for capital expenditures to maintain and upgrade the ethanol plant. Our primary sources of working capital are income from our operations and investments as well as our revolving lines of credit with our primary lender, Farm Credit Services of America, PCA and Farm Credit Services of America, FLCA (collectively "FCSA"). For our 2017 fiscal year, we anticipate using cash from our operations to maintain our current plant infrastructure. Management believes that our current sources of working capital are sufficient to sustain our operations for our 2017 fiscal year and beyond.

Dependence on One or a Few Major Customers

As discussed above, we have entered into marketing agreements with RPMG to market our ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil. Therefore, we rely on RPMG to market almost all of our products, except for the modified/wet distillers grains that we market locally. Our financial success will be highly dependent on RPMG's ability to market our products at competitive prices. Any loss of RPMG as our marketing agent or any lack of performance under these agreements or inability to secure competitive prices could have a significant negative impact on our revenues. While we believe we can secure new marketers if RPMG were to fail, we may not be able to secure such new marketers at rates which are competitive with RPMG's.

Our Competition

Ethanol Competition

We are in direct competition with numerous ethanol producers in the sale of our products and with respect to raw material purchases related to those products. Many of the ethanol producers with which we compete have greater resources than we do. While management believes we are a lower cost producer of ethanol, larger ethanol producers may be able to take advantage of economies of scale due to their larger size and increased bargaining power with both ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil customers and raw material suppliers. As of December 1, 2016, the Renewable Fuels Association estimates that there are 213 ethanol production facilities in the United States with capacity to produce approximately 15.8 billion gallons of ethanol per year. According to RFA estimates, approximately 2% of the ethanol production capacity in the United States was not operating as of December 1, 2016. The largest ethanol producers include Archer Daniels Midland, Flint Hills Resources, Green Plains Renewable Energy, POET, and Valero Renewable Fuels, each of which is capable of producing significantly more ethanol than we produce.

The following table identifies the largest ethanol producers in the United States along with their production capacities.

U.S. FUEL ETHANOL PRODUCTION CAPACITY
BY TOP PRODUCERS
Producers of Approximately 700
million gallons per year (MMgy) or more
Company
 
Current Capacity
(MMgy)
 
Percent of Total
Archer Daniels Midland
 
1,761
 
11%
POET Biorefining
 
1,629
 
10%
Valero Renewable Fuels
 
1,400
 
9%
Green Plains Renewable Energy
 
1,461
 
9%
Flint Hills Resources
 
820
 
5%
Updated: December 1, 2016

The products that we produce are commodities. Since our products are commodities, there are typically no significant differences between the products we produce and the products of our competitors that would allow us to distinguish our products in the market. As a result, competition in the ethanol industry is primarily based on price and consistent fuel quality.

8



We have experienced increased competition from oil companies that have purchased ethanol production facilities. These oil companies are required to blend a certain amount of ethanol each year. Therefore, the oil companies may be able to operate their ethanol production facilities at times when it is unprofitable for us to operate our ethanol plant. Further, some ethanol producers own multiple ethanol plants which may allow them to compete more effectively by providing them flexibility to run certain production facilities while they have other facilities shut down. Finally some ethanol producers who own ethanol plants in geographically diverse areas of the United States may spread the risk they encounter related to feedstock prices due to localized corn shortages or poor growing conditions.

We anticipate increased competition from renewable fuels that do not use corn as the feedstock. Many of the current ethanol production incentives are designed to encourage the production of renewable fuels using raw materials other than corn. One type of ethanol production feedstock that is being explored is cellulose. Cellulose is the main component of plant cell walls and is the most common organic compound on earth. Cellulose is found in wood chips, corn stalks, rice straw, amongst other common plants. Cellulosic ethanol is ethanol produced from cellulose. There are several commercial scale cellulosic ethanol production facilities either in production or in the construction phase. If this technology can be profitably employed on a commercial scale, it could potentially lead to ethanol that is less expensive to produce than corn based ethanol, especially when corn prices are high. Cellulosic ethanol may also capture more government subsidies and assistance than corn based ethanol. This could decrease demand for our product or result in competitive disadvantages for our ethanol production process.

A number of automotive, industrial and power generation manufacturers are developing alternative clean power systems using fuel cells, plug-in hybrids, electric cars or clean burning gaseous fuels. Electric car technology has recently grown in popularity, especially in urban areas, and continues to represent a source of competition for the ethanol industry. While there are currently a limited number of vehicle recharging stations, making electric cars not feasible for all consumers, there has been increased focus on developing these recharging stations to make electric car technology more widely available in the future. Additional competition from these other sources of alternative energy, particularly in the automobile market, could reduce the demand for ethanol, which would negatively impact our profitability.

Distillers Grains Competition

Our ethanol plant competes with other ethanol producers in the production and sales of distillers grains. Distillers grains are primarily used as an animal feed supplement which replaces corn and soybean meal. As a result, we believe that distillers grains prices are positively impacted by increases in corn and soybean prices. In addition, in recent years the United States ethanol industry has increased exports of distillers grains which management believes has positively impacted demand and prices for distillers grains in the United States. In the event these distillers grains exports decrease, including as a result of the Chinese tariffs which have significantly reduced export demand for distillers grains, it could lead to an oversupply of distillers grains in the United States. An oversupply of distillers grains could result in increased competition among ethanol producers for sales of distillers grains which could negatively impact market distillers grains prices in the United States.

Corn Oil Competition

We compete with many ethanol producers for the sale of corn oil. Many ethanol producers have installed the equipment necessary to separate corn oil from the distillers grains they produce which has increased competition for corn oil sales and has resulted in lower market corn oil prices.

Research and Development

We do not conduct any research and development activities associated with the development of new technologies for use in producing ethanol, distillers grains or corn oil. However, we continually work to develop new methods of operating our ethanol plant more efficiently.

Governmental Regulation

Federal Ethanol Supports

The ethanol industry is dependent on several economic incentives to produce ethanol, the most significant of which is the Federal Renewable Fuels Standard (the "RFS"). The RFS requires that in each year, a certain amount of renewable fuels must be used in the United States. The RFS is a national program that does not require that any renewable fuels be used in any particular area or state, allowing refiners to use renewable fuel blends in those areas where it is most cost-effective. The RFS statutory volume requirement increases incrementally each year until the United States is required to use 36 billion gallons of renewable fuels by

9


2022. Starting in 2009, the RFS required that a portion of the RFS must be met by certain "advanced" renewable fuels. These advanced renewable fuels include ethanol that is not made from corn, such as cellulosic ethanol and biomass based biodiesel. The use of these advanced renewable fuels increases each year as a percentage of the total renewable fuels required to be used in the United States.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (the "EPA") has the authority to waive the RFS statutory volume requirement, in whole or in part, provided one of the following two conditions have been met: (1) there is inadequate domestic renewable fuel supply; or (2) implementation of the requirement would severely harm the economy or environment of a state, region or the United States. Annually, the EPA is supposed to pass a rule that establishes the number of gallons of different types of renewable fuels that must be used in the United States which is called the renewable volume obligations.

The RFS statutory Renewable Volume Obligation (RVO) for corn-based ethanol is 14.4 billion gallons in 2014, 15 billion gallons in 2015 and 15 billion gallons in 2016. On November 30, 2015, the EPA released its final RVO for corn-based ethanol for 2014 through 2016. The final RVO reduced the corn-based ethanol use requirements pursuant to the RFS below the statutory requirements. Pursuant to the final RVO release, the RFS requirement for corn-based ethanol was 13.61 billion gallons for 2014, 14.05 billion gallons for 2015 and 14.5 billion gallons for 2016. On May 18, 2016, the EPA released a proposed rule to set the RVO for 2017. The EPA proposed to set the total RVO at 18.8 billion gallons of which 14.8 billion gallons could be met by corn-based ethanol. A public hearing on the proposed rule was held in June and the public comment period expired on July 11, 2016. The final rule was released on November 23, 2016 and the corn-based ethanol RVO was increased to 15 billion gallons, which equals the statutory requirement in the RFS. However, previous reductions in the RVO have negatively impacted the ethanol industry.

In February 2010, the EPA issued new regulations governing the RFS. These new regulations are called RFS2. The most controversial part of RFS2 involves what is commonly referred to as the lifecycle analysis of greenhouse gas emissions. Specifically, the EPA adopted rules to determine which renewable fuels provided sufficient reductions in greenhouse gases, compared to conventional gasoline, to qualify under the RFS program. RFS2 establishes a tiered approach, where regular renewable fuels are required to accomplish a 20% greenhouse gas reduction compared to gasoline, advanced biofuels and biomass-based biodiesel must accomplish a 50% reduction in greenhouse gases, and cellulosic biofuels must accomplish a 60% reduction in greenhouse gases. Any fuels that fail to meet this standard cannot be used by fuel blenders to satisfy their obligations under the RFS program. The scientific method of calculating these greenhouse gas reductions has been a contentious issue. Many in the ethanol industry were concerned that corn based ethanol would not meet the 20% greenhouse gas reduction requirement based on certain parts of the environmental impact model that many in the ethanol industry believed was scientifically suspect. However, RFS2 as adopted by the EPA provides that corn-based ethanol from modern ethanol production processes does meet the definition of a renewable fuel under the RFS program. Our ethanol plant was grandfathered into the RFS due to the fact that it was constructed prior to the effective date of the lifecycle greenhouse gas requirement and is not required to prove compliance with the lifecycle greenhouse gas reductions. Many in the ethanol industry are concerned that certain provisions of RFS2 as adopted may disproportionately benefit ethanol produced from sugarcane which could make sugarcane based ethanol, which is primarily produced in Brazil, more competitive in the United States ethanol market. If this were to occur, it could reduce demand for the ethanol that we produce.

Most ethanol that is used in the United States is sold in a blend called E10. E10 is a blend of 10% ethanol and 90% gasoline. E10 is approved for use in all standard vehicles. Estimates indicate that gasoline demand in the United States is approximately 140 billion gallons per year. Assuming that all gasoline in the United States is blended at a rate of 10% ethanol and 90% gasoline, the maximum demand for ethanol is 14.0 billion gallons per year. This is commonly referred to as the "blend wall," which represents a theoretical limit where more ethanol cannot be blended into the national gasoline pool. This is a theoretical limit because it is believed that it would not be possible to blend ethanol into every gallon of gasoline that is being used in the United States and it discounts the use of higher percentage blends such as E15 or E85. These higher percentage blends may lead to additional ethanol demand if they become more widely available and accepted by the market.

Many in the ethanol industry believe that it will be impossible to meet the RFS requirement in future years without an increase in the percentage of ethanol that can be blended with gasoline for use in standard (non-flex fuel) vehicles. The EPA has approved the use of E15, gasoline which is blended at a rate of 15% ethanol and 85% gasoline, in vehicles manufactured in the model year 2001 and later. However, there are still state hurdles that need to be addressed in some states before E15 will become more widely available. Many states still have regulatory issues that prevent the sale of E15. Sales of E15 may be limited because it is not approved for use in all vehicles, the EPA requires a label that management believes may discourage consumers from using E15, and retailers may choose not to sell E15 due to concerns regarding liability. In addition, different gasoline blendstocks may be required at certain times of the year in order to use E15 due to federal regulations related to fuel evaporative emissions which may limit E15 sales in these markets. As a result, the approval of E15 by the EPA has not had an immediate impact on ethanol demand in the United States.


10


Effect of Governmental Regulation

The government's regulation of the environment changes constantly. We are subject to extensive air, water and other environmental regulations and we have been required to obtain a number of environmental permits to construct and operate the ethanol plant. It is possible that more stringent federal or state environmental rules or regulations could be adopted, which could increase our operating costs and expenses. It also is possible that federal or state environmental rules or regulations could be adopted that could have an adverse effect on the use of ethanol. Plant operations are governed by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration ("OSHA"). OSHA regulations may change such that the costs of operating the ethanol plant may increase. Any of these regulatory factors may result in higher costs or other adverse conditions effecting our operations, cash flows and financial performance.

We have obtained all of the necessary permits to operate the ethanol plant. During our 2016 fiscal year, our costs of environmental compliance were approximately $233,000. We anticipate that our environmental compliance costs will be approximately $192,000 during our 2017 fiscal year. Although we have been successful in obtaining all of the permits currently required, any retroactive change in environmental regulations, either at the federal or state level, could require us to obtain additional or new permits or spend considerable resources in complying with such regulations.

In late 2009, California passed a Low Carbon Fuels Standard ("LCFS"). The California LCFS requires that renewable fuels used in California must accomplish certain reductions in greenhouse gases which is measured using a lifecycle analysis, similar to the RFS. On December 29, 2011, a federal district court in California ruled that the California LCFS was unconstitutional which halted implementation of the California LCFS. However, the California Air Resources Board ("CARB") appealed this court ruling and on September 18, 2013, the federal appellate court reversed the federal district court finding the LCFS constitutional and remanding the case back to federal district court to determine whether the LCFS imposes a burden on interstate commerce that is excessive in light of the local benefits. On June 30, 2014, the United States Supreme Court declined to hear the appeal of the federal appellate court ruling and CARB recently re-adopted the LCFS with some slight modifications. The LCFS could have a negative impact on demand for corn-based ethanol and result in decreased ethanol prices affecting our ability to operate profitably.

The European Union concluded an anti-dumping investigation related to ethanol produced in the United States and exported to Europe. As a result of this investigation, the European Union imposed a tariff on ethanol which is produced in the United States and exported to Europe. This tariff could result in decreased exports of ethanol to Europe which could negatively impact the market price of ethanol in the United States.

We are subject to environmental oversight by the EPA. There is always a risk that the EPA may enforce certain rules and regulations differently than South Dakota's environmental administrators. South Dakota or EPA rules are subject to change, and any such changes could result in greater regulatory burdens on plant operations. We could also be subject to environmental or nuisance claims from adjacent property owners or residents in the area arising from possible foul smells or other air or water discharges from the ethanol plant. Such claims may result in an adverse result in court if we are deemed to engage in a nuisance that substantially impairs the fair use and enjoyment of property.

Employees

As of December 31, 2016, we had a total of 39 full-time employees. We do not expect to hire a significant number of employees in the next 12 months.

Financial Information about Geographic Areas

All of our operations are domiciled in the United States. All of the products sold to our customers for fiscal years 2016, 2015 and 2014 were produced in the United States and all of our long-lived assets are domiciled in the United States. We have engaged a third-party professional marketer that decides where the majority of our products are marketed and we have limited control over the marketing decisions made by our third-party professional marketer. Therefore, some of our products may be sold outside of the United States based on decisions made by our marketer.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

You should carefully read and consider the risks and uncertainties below and the other information contained in this report. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we may face. The following risks, together with additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial could impair our financial condition and results of operation.


11


Risks Relating to Our Business

The spread between ethanol and corn prices can vary significantly which can negatively impact our financial condition. Our only source of revenue comes from sales of our ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil. The primary raw materials we use to produce our ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil are corn and natural gas. In order to operate the ethanol plant profitably, we must maintain a positive spread between the revenue we receive from sales of our products and our corn and natural gas costs. This spread between the market price of our products and our raw material costs has been volatile in the past. If we were to experience a period of time where this spread is negative, and the negative margins continue for an extended period of time, it may prevent us from profitably operating the ethanol plant which could decrease the value of our units.

Decreasing gasoline prices may lower ethanol prices which could negatively impact our ability to operate profitably. In recent years, the price of ethanol has been less than the price of gasoline which increased ethanol demand. However, in recent years, at times gasoline prices decreased significantly which reduced the spread between the price of gasoline and the price of ethanol. This trend has negatively impacted ethanol prices. If this trend continues for a significant period of time, it could hurt our ability to profitably operate the ethanol plant which could decrease the value of our units.

Distillers grains demand and prices may be negatively impacted by the Chinese antidumping and countervailing duty investigation. China was historically the world's largest importer of distillers grains produced in the United States. On January 12, 2016, the Chinese government announced that it would commence an anti-dumping and countervailing duty investigation related to distillers grains imported from the United States. On September 23, 2016, the Chinese instituted a preliminary anti-dumping duty of 33% in response to this investigation and an anti-subsidy duty on September 30, 2016 of approximately 10%. In January 2017, the Chinese finalized the anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties at rates higher than the preliminary rates set in September 2016.  The anti-dumping duties will range from 42.2% to 53.7%, an increase from the preliminary duty of 33.8% issued in September 2016. The final anti-subsidy tariffs will range from 11.2% to 12%, up from 10% to 10.7% issued in September 2016. Both during the investigation and after the announcement of the duty, distillers grains demand and prices have been negatively impacted. While we expect China to continue to import some distillers grains, we do not anticipate that the imports will be at the same level as previous years which could continue to negatively impact market distillers grains demand and prices. This potential reduction in demand along with lower domestic corn prices could negatively impact our ability to profitably operate the ethanol plant.

We may be forced to reduce production or cease production altogether if we are unable to secure the corn we require to operate the ethanol plant. Our ability to operate the ethanol plant requires us to purchase a sufficient amount of corn throughout the year in order to continuously operate the ethanol plant. If we are unable to secure the corn we require, either now or in the future, it could negatively impact our operations. If we are unable to secure the corn we require to continue to operate the ethanol plant, we may have to reduce production or cease operating altogether which may negatively impact the value of our units.

Our revenue will be greatly affected by the price at which we can sell our ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil. Our ability to generate revenue is dependent on our ability to sell the ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil that we produce. Ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil prices can be volatile as a result of a number of factors. These factors include overall supply and demand, the market price of corn, the market price of gasoline, levels of government support, general economic conditions and the availability and price of competing products. Ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil prices tend to fluctuate based on changes in energy prices and other commodity prices, such as corn and soybean meal. Recently, exports of our products and the various trade actions taken by China have impacted the market prices for our products. If we experience lower prices for our products for a significant period of time, the value of our units may be negatively affected.

Our business is not diversified. Our success depends primarily on our ability to profitably operate our ethanol plant. We do not have any other lines of business or any other significant source of revenue if we are unable to operate our ethanol plant and manufacture ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil. If economic or political factors adversely affect the market for ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil, we may not be able to continue our operations. Our business would also be significantly harmed if our ethanol plant could not operate at full capacity for any extended period of time, which could reduce or eliminate the value of our units.

Our inability to secure credit facilities we may require in the future may negatively impact our liquidity. While we do not currently require more financing than we have, in the future we may need additional financing. If we require financing in the future and we are unable to secure such financing, or we are unable to secure the financing we require on reasonable terms, it may have a negative impact on our liquidity which could negatively impact the value of our units.

Our product marketer may fail to market our products at competitive prices which may cause us to operate unprofitably. RPMG is the sole marketer of all of our ethanol, corn oil and some of our distillers grains, and we rely heavily on its marketing efforts to successfully sell our products. Because RPMG sells ethanol, corn oil and distillers grains for a number of other producers,

12


we have limited control over its sales efforts. Our financial performance is dependent upon the financial health of RPMG as most of our revenue is attributable to RPMG's sales. If RPMG breaches our marketing agreements or it cannot market all of the ethanol, corn oil and distillers grains we produce, we may not have any readily available means to sell our ethanol, corn oil and distillers grains and our financial performance could be negatively affected. While we market a portion of our distillers grains internally to local consumers, we do not anticipate that we would have the ability to sell all of the distillers grains, corn oil and ethanol we produce ourselves. If our agreements with RPMG terminate, we may seek other arrangements to sell our ethanol, corn oil and distillers grains, including selling our own products, but we may not be able to achieve results comparable to those achieved by RPMG which could harm our financial performance. Switching marketers may negatively impact our cash flow and our ability to continue to operate the ethanol plant. If we are unable to sell all of our ethanol, distillers grain and corn oil at prices that allow us to operate profitably, it may decrease the value of our units.

We engage in hedging transactions which involve risks that could harm our business. We are exposed to market risk from changes in commodity prices. Exposure to commodity price risk results from our dependence on corn and natural gas in the ethanol production process. We seek to minimize the risks from fluctuations in the prices of corn, natural gas and ethanol through the use of hedging instruments. These hedging instruments can be risky and can negatively impact our liquidity. In times when commodity prices are volatile, we may be required to use significant amounts of cash to make margin calls as a result of our hedging positions. The effectiveness of our hedging strategies is dependent on the price of corn, natural gas and ethanol and our ability to sell sufficient products to use all of the corn and natural gas for which we have futures contracts. Our hedging activities may not successfully reduce the risk caused by price fluctuation which may leave us vulnerable to corn and natural gas prices. We may choose not to engage in hedging transactions in the future and our operations and financial conditions may be adversely affected during periods in which corn and/or natural gas prices increase. These hedging transactions could impact our ability to profitably operate the ethanol plant and negatively impact our liquidity.

We may incur casualty losses that are not covered by insurance which could negatively impact the value of our units. We have purchased insurance which we believe adequately covers our potential losses from foreseeable risks. However, there are risks that we may encounter for which there is no insurance or for which insurance is not available on terms that are acceptable to us. If we experience a loss which materially impairs our ability to operate the ethanol plant which is not covered by insurance, the value of our units could be reduced or eliminated.

Our operations may be negatively impacted by natural disasters, severe weather conditions, and other unforeseen plant shutdowns which can negatively impact our operations. Our operations may be negatively impacted by events outside of our control such as natural disasters, severe weather, strikes, train derailments and other unforeseen events which may negatively impact our operations. If we experience any of these unforeseen circumstances which negatively impact our operations, it may affect our cash flow and negatively impact the value of our business.

We depend on our management and key employees, and the loss of these relationships could negatively impact our ability to operate profitably. We are highly dependent on our management team to operate our ethanol plant. We may not be able to replace these individuals should the decide to cease their employment with us, or if they become unavailable for any other reason. While we seek to compensate our management and key employees in a manner that will encourage them to continue their employment with us, they may choose to seek other employment. Any loss of these managers or key employees may prevent us from operating the ethanol plant profitably and could decrease the value of our units.

We may violate the terms of our loan agreements and financial covenants which could result in our lender demanding immediate repayment of our loans. We have a credit facility with Farm Credit Services of America ("Farm Credit"). Our credit agreements with Farm Credit include various financial loan covenants. We are currently in compliance with all of our financial loan covenants. Current management projections indicate that we will be in compliance with our loan covenants for at least the next 12 months. However, unforeseen circumstances may develop which could result in us violating our loan covenants. If we violate the terms of our loan agreements, FCSA, our primary lender, could deem us in default of our loans and require us to immediately repay any outstanding balance of our loans. If we do not have the funds available to repay the loans and we cannot find another source of financing, we may fail which could decrease the value of our units.

Risks Related to Ethanol Industry

Excess ethanol supply in the market could put negative pressure on the price of ethanol which could lead to tight operating margins and may impact our ability to operate profitably. In the past the ethanol industry has confronted market conditions where ethanol supply exceeded demand which led to unfavorable operating conditions. Most recently, in 2012, profitability in the ethanol industry was reduced due to increased ethanol imports from Brazil at a time when gasoline demand in the United States was lower and domestic ethanol supplies were higher. This disconnect between ethanol supply and demand resulted in lower ethanol prices at a time when corn prices were higher which led to unfavorable operating conditions. We may

13


experience periods of time when ethanol supply exceeds demand which could negatively impact our profitability. The United States benefited from additional exports of ethanol during our 2015 and 2016 fiscal years which may not continue to occur during our 2017 fiscal year. We may experience periods of ethanol supply and demand imbalance during our 2017 fiscal year. If we experience excess ethanol supply, either due to increased ethanol production or lower gasoline demand, it could negatively impact the price of ethanol which could hurt our ability to profitably operate the ethanol plant.

Demand for ethanol may not increase past current levels unless higher percentage blends of ethanol are more widely used. Currently, ethanol is primarily blended with gasoline for use in standard (non-flex fuel) vehicles to create a blend which is 10% ethanol and 90% gasoline. Estimates indicate that approximately 140 billion gallons of gasoline are sold in the United States each year. Assuming that all gasoline in the United States is blended at a rate of 10% ethanol and 90% gasoline, the maximum demand for ethanol is 14.0 billion gallons. This is commonly referred to as the "blend wall," which represents a theoretical limit where more ethanol cannot be blended into the national gasoline pool. Many in the ethanol industry believe that the ethanol industry has reached this blend wall. In order to expand demand for ethanol, higher percentage blends of ethanol must be utilized in standard vehicles. Such higher percentage blends of ethanol are a contentious issue. Automobile manufacturers and environmental groups have fought against higher percentage ethanol blends. The EPA approved the use of E15 for standard (non-flex fuel) vehicles produced in the model year 2001 and later. The fact that E15 has not been approved for use in all vehicles and the labeling requirements associated with E15 may lead to gasoline retailers refusing to carry E15. In addition, restrictions on the evaporative emissions of E15 during the summer months can limit the availability of E15 in some markets. Without an increase in the allowable percentage blends of ethanol that can be used in all vehicles, demand for ethanol may not continue to increase which could decrease the selling price of ethanol and could result in our inability to operate the ethanol plant profitably, which could reduce or eliminate the value of our units.

Technology advances in the commercialization of cellulosic ethanol may decrease demand for corn-based ethanol which may negatively affect our profitability. The current trend in ethanol production research is to develop an efficient method of producing ethanol from cellulose-based biomass, such as agricultural waste, forest residue, municipal solid waste, and energy crops. This trend is driven by the fact that cellulose-based biomass is generally cheaper than corn, and producing ethanol from cellulose-based biomass would create opportunities to produce ethanol in areas of the country which are unable to grow corn. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 and the 2008 Farm Bill offer strong incentives to develop commercial scale cellulosic ethanol. The RFS requires that 16 billion gallons per year of advanced bio-fuels must be consumed in the United States by 2022. Additionally, state and federal grants have been awarded to several companies which are seeking to develop commercial scale cellulosic ethanol plants. This has encouraged innovation and has led to several companies that are either in the process of building or have completed and are operating commercial scale cellulosic ethanol plants. If an efficient method of producing ethanol from cellulose-based biomass is developed, we may not be able to compete effectively. If we are unable to produce ethanol as cost-effectively as cellulose-based producers, our ability to generate revenue and our financial condition will be negatively impacted.

Changes and advances in ethanol production technology could require us to incur costs to update our plant or could otherwise hinder our ability to compete in the ethanol industry or operate profitably.  Advances and changes in the technology of ethanol production are expected to occur.  Such advances and changes may make the ethanol production technology installed in our plant less desirable or obsolete.  These advances could also allow our competitors to produce ethanol at a lower cost than we are able.  If we are unable to adopt or incorporate technological advances, our ethanol production methods and processes could be less efficient than our competitors, which could cause our plant to become uncompetitive or completely obsolete.  If our competitors develop, obtain or license technology that is superior to ours or that makes our technology obsolete, we may be required to incur significant costs to enhance or acquire new technology so that our ethanol production remains competitive.  Alternatively, we may be required to seek third-party licenses, which could also result in significant expenditures.  These third-party licenses may not be available or, once obtained, they may not continue to be available on commercially reasonable terms.  These costs could negatively impact our financial performance by increasing our operating costs and reducing our net income.

Decreases in ethanol demand may result in excess production capacity in our industry. The supply of domestically produced ethanol is at an all-time high. According to the Renewable Fuels Association, as of December 1, 2016, there are 213 ethanol plants in the United States with capacity to produce approximately 15.8 billion gallons of ethanol per year. Excess ethanol production capacity may have an adverse impact on our results of operations, cash flows and general financial condition. According to the Renewable Fuels Association, approximately 2% of the ethanol production capacity in the United States was idled as of December 1, 2016. Further, ethanol demand may be negatively impacted by reductions in the RFS. While the United States is currently exporting ethanol which has resulted in increased ethanol demand, these ethanol exports may not continue. If ethanol demand does not grow at the same pace as increases in supply, we expect the selling price of ethanol to decline. If excess capacity in the ethanol industry continues to occur, the market price of ethanol may decline to a level that is inadequate to generate sufficient cash flow to cover our costs, which could negatively affect our profitability.


14


We operate in an intensely competitive industry and compete with larger, better financed companies which could impact our ability to operate profitably.  There is significant competition among ethanol producers. There are numerous producer-owned and privately-owned ethanol plants operating throughout the Midwest and elsewhere in the United States.  We also face competition from ethanol producers located outside of the United States. The largest ethanol producers include Archer Daniels Midland, Flint Hills Resources, Green Plains Renewable Energy, POET, and Valero Renewable Fuels, each of which is capable of producing significantly more ethanol than we produce. Further, many believe that there will be consolidation occurring in the ethanol industry which will likely lead to a few companies that control a significant portion of the United States ethanol production market. We may not be able to compete with these larger producers. These larger ethanol producers may be able to affect the ethanol market in ways that are not beneficial to us which could negatively impact our financial performance and the value of our units.

Competition from the advancement of alternative fuels may lessen demand for ethanol. Alternative fuels, gasoline oxygenates and ethanol production methods are continually under development. A number of automotive, industrial and power generation manufacturers are developing alternative clean power systems using fuel cells, plug-in hybrids, and electric cars or clean burning gaseous fuels. Like ethanol, these emerging technologies offer an option to address worldwide energy costs, the long-term availability of petroleum reserves and environmental concerns. If these alternative technologies continue to expand and gain broad acceptance and become readily available to consumers for motor vehicle use, we may not be able to compete effectively. This additional competition could reduce the demand for ethanol, resulting in lower ethanol prices that might adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Consumer resistance to the use of ethanol based on the belief that ethanol is expensive, adds to air pollution, harms engines and/or takes more energy to produce than it contributes or based on perceived issues related to the use of corn as the feedstock to produce ethanol may affect demand for ethanol.  Certain individuals believe that the use of ethanol will have a negative impact on gasoline prices at the pump. Some also believe that ethanol adds to air pollution and harms car and truck engines. Still other consumers believe that the process of producing ethanol actually uses more fossil energy, such as oil and natural gas, than the amount of energy that is produced. Further, some consumers object to the fact that ethanol is produced using corn as the feedstock which these consumers perceive as negatively impacting food prices. These consumer beliefs could potentially be wide-spread and may be increasing as a result of recent efforts to increase the allowable percentage of ethanol that may be blended for use in vehicles. If consumers choose not to buy ethanol based on these beliefs, it would affect demand for the ethanol we produce which could negatively affect our profitability and financial condition.

If exports of ethanol are reduced, including as a result of the imposition by the European Union of a tariff on U.S. ethanol, ethanol prices may be negatively impacted. The United States ethanol industry was supported during our 2016 fiscal year with exports of ethanol which increased demand for our ethanol. Management believes these additional exports of ethanol were due to lower market ethanol prices in the United States and increased global demand for ethanol. However, these ethanol exports may not continue. In 2012, the European Union concluded an anti-dumping investigation related to ethanol produced in the United States and exported to Europe. As a result of this investigation, the European Union has imposed a tariff on ethanol which is produced in the United States and exported to Europe. While we continue to experience some ethanol exports to Europe, as a result of this tariff, if ethanol prices increase, these exports to the European Union may cease. Further, ethanol exports could potentially be higher without the European Union tariff. In addition, other importers of United States ethanol could reduce their imports which could negatively impact ethanol prices in the United States and could result in an imbalance between ethanol supply and ethanol demand. Any decrease in ethanol prices or demand may negatively impact our ability to profitably operate the ethanol plant.

Overcapacity within the ethanol industry could cause an oversupply of ethanol and a decline in ethanol prices. Excess ethanol production capacity could have an adverse impact on our results of operations, cash flows and general financial condition. If demand for ethanol does not grow at the same pace as increases in supply, we would expect the price of ethanol to decline. If excess capacity in the ethanol industry occurs, the market price of ethanol may decline to a level that is inadequate to generate sufficient cash flow to cover our costs which could reduce the value of our units.

We made a significant investment in Guardian Hankinson, LLC which may fail. In December 2013, we made a $12 million investment in Guardian Hankinson, LLC, an entity that owns an ethanol plant in North Dakota. Since Guardian Hankinson, LLC operates an ethanol plant, it faces many of the same risks that we face in operating our ethanol plant. Further, we have limited control over the management decisions made by Guardian Hankinson, LLC. If Guardian Hankinson, LLC is ultimately unsuccessful, it could negatively impact the return we receive on our investment which could negatively impact our financial performance and the value of our units.


15


Risks Related to Regulation and Governmental Action

Government incentives for ethanol production may be eliminated in the future, which could hinder our ability to operate at a profit. The ethanol industry is assisted by various federal ethanol incentives, including the RFS set forth in the Energy Policy Act of 2005. The RFS helps support a market for ethanol that might disappear without this incentive. The United States Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") has the authority to waive the RFS statutory volume requirement, in whole or in part, provided certain conditions have been met. Annually, the EPA is supposed to pass a rule that establishes the number of gallons of different types of renewable fuels that must be used in the United States which is called the renewable volume obligations. However, the EPA decided to delay finalizing the rule on the 2014 and 2015 RFS standards until after the end of 2014. On November 30, 2015, the EPA released the final renewable volume obligations for 2014, 2015 and 2016 which lowered the renewable volume obligations below the statutory volume requirements. On November 23, 2016, the EPA released the final renewable volume obligations for 2017 which returned the renewable volume obligation for corn-based ethanol to the statutory volume requirement. However, any future reduction of the volume requirements under the RFS by the EPA could decrease the market price and demand for ethanol which will negatively impact our financial performance.

The California Low Carbon Fuel Standard may decrease demand for corn-based ethanol which could negatively impact our profitability. California passed a Low Carbon Fuels Standard ("LCFS") which requires that renewable fuels used in California must accomplish certain reductions in greenhouse gases which reductions are measured using a lifecycle analysis. Management believes that these regulations could preclude corn-based ethanol produced in the Midwest from being used in California. California represents a significant ethanol demand market. If the ethanol industry is unable to supply corn-based ethanol to California, it could significantly reduce demand for the ethanol we produce. This could result in a reduction of our revenues and negatively impact our ability to profitably operate the ethanol plant.

Changes in environmental regulations or violations of these regulations could be expensive and reduce our profitability.  We are subject to extensive air, water and other environmental laws and regulations. In addition, some of these laws require our plant to operate under a number of environmental permits. These laws, regulations and permits can often require expensive pollution control equipment or operational changes to limit actual or potential impacts to the environment. A violation of these laws and regulations or permit conditions can result in substantial fines, damages, criminal sanctions, permit revocations and/or plant shutdowns. In the future, we may be subject to legal actions brought by environmental advocacy groups and other parties for actual or alleged violations of environmental laws or our permits. Additionally, any changes in environmental laws and regulations, both at the federal and state level, could require us to spend considerable resources in order to comply with future environmental regulations. The expense of compliance could be significant enough to reduce our profitability and negatively affect our financial condition.

Carbon dioxide may be regulated in the future by the EPA as an air pollutant requiring us to obtain additional permits and install additional environmental mitigation equipment, which could adversely affect our financial performance. In 2007, the Supreme Court decided a case in which it ruled that carbon dioxide is an air pollutant under the Clean Air Act for motor vehicle emissions. In 2011 the EPA issued a tailoring rule that deferred greenhouse gas regulations for ethanol plants until July of 2014. However, in July of 2013 the D.C. Circuit issued an opinion vacating the EPA's deferral of those regulations for biogenic sources, including ethanol plants. On June 23, 2014 the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed in part and reversed in part the D.C. Circuit’s decision. For plants that already hold PSD permits the court generally affirmed the EPA's ability to regulate greenhouse gas regulations. Our plant produces a significant amount of carbon dioxide. While there are currently no regulations restricting carbon dioxide emissions, if the EPA or the State of South Dakota were to regulate carbon dioxide emissions by plants such as ours, we may have to apply for additional permits or we may be required to install carbon dioxide mitigation equipment or take other as yet unknown steps to comply with these potential regulations. Compliance with any future regulation of carbon dioxide, if it occurs, could be costly and may prevent us from operating the ethanol plant profitably which could decrease or eliminate the value of our units.

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES.

We own Dakota Ethanol as a wholly-owned subsidiary. The ethanol plant is located on Dakota Ethanol's 210-acre rural site near Wentworth, South Dakota. All of our operations occur at our plant in Wentworth, South Dakota.

All of Dakota Ethanol's tangible and intangible property, real and personal, serves as the collateral for debt financing with FCSA described below under "Item 7 - Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Indebtedness."



16


ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

From time to time in the ordinary course of business, Dakota Ethanol or Lake Area Corn Processors may be named as a defendant in legal proceedings related to various issues, including, worker's compensation claims, tort claims, or contractual disputes. We are not currently involved in any material legal proceedings, directly or indirectly, and we are not aware of any claims pending or threatened against us or any of the managers that could result in the commencement of material legal proceedings.

ITEM 4.     MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

None.

PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED MEMBER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities

None.

Market Information

There is no public trading market for our units. Our units may only be transferred in accordance with our Capital Units Transfer System, which provides for transfers by gift to family members, upon death, and through a qualified matching service, subject to approval by our board of managers. Our qualified matching service is operated through Variable Investment Advisors, Inc., a registered broker-dealer based in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Variable Investment Advisor's Alternative Trading System may be accessed at www.agstocktrade.com. The matching service consists of an electronic bulletin board that provides information to prospective sellers and buyers of our units. We do not receive any compensation relating to the matching service. We have no role in effecting the transactions beyond approval, as required under our operating agreement, and the issuance of new certificates. So long as we remain a publicly reporting company, information about us will be publicly available through the SEC's filing system.

Unit Holders

As of March 2, 2017, we had 29,620,000 membership units issued and outstanding and a total of approximately 1,066 unit holders.

Bid and Asked Prices

The following table contains information concerning completed unit transactions that occurred during our last two fiscal years. Our bulletin board trading system does not track bid and asked prices and therefore we only have information concerning completed unit transactions.

Quarter
 
Low Price
 
High Price
 
Average Price
 
Number of
Units Traded
First Quarter 2015
 
$
3.70

 
$
4.00

 
$
3.83

 
16,000

Second Quarter 2015
 
3.51

 
4.00

 
3.58

 
46,500

Third Quarter 2015
 
3.34

 
3.56

 
3.48

 
35,000

Fourth Quarter 2015
 
3.51

 
3.80

 
3.71

 
47,500

First Quarter 2016
 
2.87

 
3.80

 
3.27

 
23,500

Second Quarter 2016
 
2.79

 
3.00

 
2.88

 
64,500

Third Quarter 2016
 
4.00

 
4.00

 
4.00

 
2,000

Fourth Quarter 2016
 
3.05

 
4.15

 
3.77

 
19,000

 

17


Distributions

Under the terms of our Third Amended and Restated Operating Agreement, we are required to make distributions to our members and may not retain more than $200,000 of net cash from operations, unless: (1) a 75% super-majority of our board of managers decides otherwise; (2) it would violate or cause a default under the terms of any debt financing or other credit facilities; or (3) it is otherwise prohibited by law. Our ability to make distributions to our members is dependent upon the distributions made to us by Dakota Ethanol. All net income generated from plant operations is distributed by Dakota Ethanol to us since Dakota Ethanol is our wholly-owned subsidiary. We distribute the net income received from Dakota Ethanol to our unit holders in proportion to the number of units held by each unit holder. A unit holder's distribution percentage is determined by dividing the number of units owned by such unit holder by the total number of units outstanding. We anticipate continuing to monitor our financial performance and projected financial performance and we expect to make distributions at such times and in such amounts as will allow us to continue to profitably operate the ethanol plant, maintain compliance with our loan covenants and maintain our liquidity.

2016 Distributions

Our board of managers declared three distributions during our 2016 fiscal year. Two distributions were for $0.10 per membership unit and the third was for $0.20 per membership unit for a total of $0.40 per membership unit during our 2016 fiscal year. Our distributions were declared and paid in May, July and November 2016. The total amount of the distributions we paid was $11,848,000.

2015 Distributions

Our board of managers declared three distributions during our 2015 fiscal year. Each distribution was for $0.10 per membership unit for a total of $0.30 per membership unit during our 2015 fiscal year. Our distributions were declared and paid in March, September and November 2015. The total amount of the distributions we paid was $8,989,512.

Performance Graph

The following graph shows a comparison of cumulative total member return since January 1, 2012, calculated on a dividend reinvested basis, for the Company, the NASDAQ Composite Index (the "NASDAQ Market Index") and an index of other companies that have the same SIC code as the Company (the "SIC Code Index"). The graph assumes $100 was invested in each of our units, the NASDAQ Market Index, and the SIC Code Index on December 31, 2011. Data points on the graph are annual. Note that historic unit price performance is not necessarily indicative of future unit price performance. The data for this performance graph was compiled for us by Zacks Investment Research, Inc.

18


lacp2016performancegrapha02.jpg

Pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, the performance graph and the information set forth therein shall not be deemed to be filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such a filing.

19


ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following table sets forth selected consolidated financial data, which is derived from our audited financial statements for the periods indicated. The selected consolidated balance sheet financial data as of December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012 and the selected consolidated income statement data and other financial data for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements that are not included in this Form 10-K. The selected consolidated balance sheet financial data as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 and the selected consolidated income statement data and other financial data for each of the years in the three year period ended December 31, 2016 have been derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. You should read the following table in conjunction with (i) the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K; (ii) "Item 7 - Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations"; and (iii) "Item 1A - Risk Factors" found elsewhere in this Form 10-K. Among other things, those items include more detailed information regarding the basis of presentation for the following consolidated financial data.
Statement of Operations Data:
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Revenues
 
$
88,812,550

 
$
88,997,947

 
$
124,469,094

 
$
145,412,968

 
$
132,284,993

Cost of Revenues
 
76,097,861

 
81,445,770

 
89,068,125

 
129,091,165

 
130,851,882

Gross Profit
 
12,714,689

 
7,552,177

 
35,400,969

 
16,321,803

 
1,433,111

Operating Expense
 
3,642,087

 
1,827,789

 
3,550,980

 
3,511,026

 
2,864,188

Income (Loss) From Operations
 
9,072,602

 
5,724,388

 
31,849,989

 
12,810,777

 
(1,431,077
)
Other Income (Expense)
 
2,332,606

 
2,929,142

 
7,957,330

 
494,070

 
153,596

Net Income (Loss)
 
$
11,405,208

 
$
8,653,530

 
$
39,807,319

 
$
13,304,847

 
$
(1,277,481
)
Capital Units Outstanding
 
29,620,000

 
29,620,000

 
29,620,000

 
29,620,000

 
29,620,000

Net Income (Loss) Per Capital Unit
 
$
0.39

 
$
0.29

 
$
1.34

 
$
0.45

 
$
(0.04
)
Cash Distributions per Capital Unit
 
$
0.40

 
$
0.30

 
$
1.00

 
$
0.20

 
$
0.05

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance Sheet Data:
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Working Capital
 
$
11,313,046

 
$
8,443,572

 
$
6,634,185

 
$
17,836,992

 
$
12,286,617

Net Property, Plant & Equipment
 
34,824,202

 
34,184,059

 
28,349,272

 
22,958,064

 
25,086,125

Total Assets
 
78,116,089

 
79,746,514

 
78,574,975

 
82,577,805

 
65,973,079

Long-Term Obligations
 
26,556

 
106,475

 
226,940

 
9,170,592

 
166,261

Members' Equity
 
67,821,454

 
68,264,246

 
68,600,228

 
58,455,182

 
51,074,335

Book Value Per Capital Unit
 
$
2.29

 
$
2.30

 
$
2.32

 
$
1.97

 
$
1.72




20


ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Results of Operations

Comparison of the Fiscal Years Ended December 31, 2016 and 2015

The following table shows the results of our operations and the percentage of revenues, cost of revenues, operating expenses and other items to total revenues in our consolidated statements of operations for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
2016
 
2015
Income Statement Data
 
Amount
 
%
 
Amount
 
%
Revenue
 
$
88,812,550

 
100.0

 
$
88,997,947

 
100.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of Revenues
 
76,097,861

 
85.7

 
81,445,770

 
91.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross Profit
 
12,714,689

 
14.3

 
7,552,177

 
8.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Expense
 
3,642,087

 
4.1

 
1,827,789

 
2.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from Operations
 
9,072,602

 
10.2

 
5,724,388

 
6.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Income
 
2,332,606

 
2.6

 
2,929,142

 
3.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income
 
$
11,405,208

 
12.8

 
$
8,653,530

 
9.7


Revenues

Revenue from ethanol sales increased by approximately 3% during our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015. Revenue from distillers grains sales decreased by approximately 10% during our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015. Revenue from corn oil sales decreased by approximately 4% during our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015.

Ethanol

Our ethanol revenue increased by approximately $1.8 million during our 2016 fiscal year compared to our 2015 fiscal year, an increase of approximately 3%. This increase in ethanol revenue was due to an increase in the average price we received for our ethanol of approximately $0.02 per gallon along with an increase in the total gallons of ethanol we sold. Management attributes this increase in ethanol prices with higher gasoline prices and demand during our 2016 fiscal year. Ethanol in recent years has sold at a discount compared to gasoline prices which has made ethanol an attractive fuel for blending with gasoline and has increased export demand for ethanol. Ethanol provides additional octane to fuels and the lower price of ethanol positively impacts the overall cost of ethanol blended fuels. Management believes ethanol prices were impacted by uncertainty regarding the amount of ethanol that would be required pursuant to the Federal Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) during 2017. The RFS requires the EPA to establish renewable volume obligations (RVO) for various types of renewable fuels on an annual basis. In recent years, the EPA proposed RVOs for corn-based ethanol which were less than the statutory requirements in the RFS. Further, the preliminary RVO for corn-based ethanol for 2017 was than the statutory requirement. However, when the final RVO was released in late 2016, the RVO for corn-based ethanol was set at the statutory limit. While the RVO for 2017 was a positive step, it came late in the year and as a result may not have had a significant impact on ethanol prices during our 2016 fiscal year. Management expects relatively stable ethanol prices during our 2017 fiscal year, provided ethanol exports remain strong. However, export demand for ethanol is less certain compared to domestic demand. As a result, if ethanol demand decreases in the future, it could negatively impact the price we receive for our ethanol. In addition, gasoline prices have been increasing recently which management believes will positively impact ethanol prices. If the spread between the price of ethanol and the price of gasoline increases during our 2017 fiscal year, it may lead to additional domestic ethanol demand which could positively impact prices.

Ethanol sales volumes were higher during our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015 due to a reduction in inventory during our 2016 fiscal year partially offset by a slight decrease in ethanol production during our 2016 fiscal year compared to our 2015 fiscal year. Our total gallons of ethanol sold during our 2016 fiscal year was approximately 1% greater

21


than during the same period of 2015, an increase of approximately 602,000 gallons. Management anticipates relatively stable ethanol production and sales during our 2017 fiscal year compared to our 2016 fiscal year.

Distillers Grains

Our total distillers grains revenue decreased for our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015. For both our 2016 fiscal year and 2015 fiscal year, we sold approximately 36% of our total distillers grains, by volume, in the dried form and approximately 64% of our total distillers grains in the modified/wet form. The average price we received for our dried distillers grains was approximately 12% less during our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015, a decrease of approximately $15 per ton. Management attributes this decrease in dried distillers grains prices with significantly decreased export demand from China during our 2016 fiscal year along with lower corn and soybean prices. Since distillers grains are typically used as a feed substitute for corn and soybean meal, as the prices of corn and soybeans decrease, the price of distillers grains typically also decreases. In recent years, China has imported a significant amount of distillers grains from the United States. However, at the request of Chinese distillers grains producers, China commenced an anti-dumping and countervailing duty investigation against the United States during 2016. In September 2016, the Chinese implemented a preliminary anti-subsidy duty of between 10% and 10.7% in addition to a preliminary anti-dumping duty of 33.8%. However, in January 2017, China finalized the duties to between 11.2% and 12% for the anti-subsidy duty and between 42.2% and 53.7% for the anti-dumping duty. As a result, distillers grains exports decreased sharply during our 2016 fiscal year which significantly impacted distillers grains prices. The average price we received for our modified/wet distillers grains was approximately 6% less for our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015, a decrease of approximately $8 per dry equivalent ton. Management believes the decreased export demand for distillers grains had less of an impact on modified/wet distillers grains prices since this product is typically used locally and is not exported.

Management anticipates continued low distillers grains prices and lower export demand for distillers grains until the Chinese increase their imports. However, the low price of distillers grains has resulted in increased export demand to other countries and may be positively impacting domestic distillers grains demand.
    
Corn Oil

Our total corn oil revenue decreased by approximately 4% during our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015. Our total pounds of corn oil sold decreased by approximately 10% during our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015, a decrease of approximately 1,162,000 pounds, primarily due to decreased corn oil yield from the corn we used during our 2016 fiscal year compared to our 2015 fiscal year. Management anticipates relatively stable corn oil production during our 2017 fiscal year compared to our 2016 fiscal year, depending on the amount of oil in the corn harvested in the fall of 2016.

The average price we received for our corn oil increased by approximately 7% for our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015, an increase of approximately $0.02 per pound. The biodiesel blenders' tax credit was reinstated for 2016 which had a positive impact on biodiesel production. Since corn oil can be used as a feedstock to produce biodiesel, when biodiesel production increases it has a positive impact on corn oil prices. However, the biodiesel blenders' credit expired again at the end of 2016. As a result, management anticipates lower corn oil prices during our 2017 fiscal year unless the biodiesel blenders' credit is reinstated again.

Government Incentives

We received less revenue from the State of South Dakota during our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015 due to the end of our eligibility for this state ethanol production incentive. We received approximately $378,000 in incentive revenue during our 2016 fiscal year and approximately $417,000 during our 2015 fiscal year. We do not anticipate receiving this state incentive in future years.
    
Cost of Revenues

The primary raw materials we use to produce ethanol and distillers grains are corn and natural gas.

Corn

Our cost of revenues relating to corn was approximately 9% less for our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015. Our average cost per bushel of corn decreased by approximately 7% for our 2016 fiscal year compared to our 2015 fiscal year. Management attributes the decrease in corn prices with several years of large corn crops and additional corn carryover from

22


the 2015 corn crop. This increase in corn supply resulted in lower market corn prices during our 2016 fiscal year. Management anticipates relatively stable corn prices during our 2017 fiscal year due to strong corn supplies and anticipated stable corn demand.

We used approximately 2% fewer bushels of corn during our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015 due to improved corn to ethanol yields during our 2016 fiscal year. Management expects our corn consumption will be consistent in our 2017 fiscal year compared to our 2016 fiscal year.

Natural Gas

Our cost of revenues related to natural gas decreased by approximately $655,000, a decrease of approximately 14%, for our 2016 fiscal year compared to our 2015 fiscal year. This decrease was due to a decrease in market natural gas prices along with decreased natural gas consumption during our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015. During our 2016 fiscal year, we experienced strong natural gas supplies and relatively stable natural gas demand which positively impacted our natural gas costs. Our average cost per MMBtu of natural gas during our 2016 fiscal year was approximately 13% less compared to the price for our 2015 fiscal year. Management anticipates relatively stable natural gas prices during 2017, however, recent increases in energy prices may have an impact on natural gas prices. However, the 2016/2017 winter has been mild which may keep natural gas prices low for the rest of our 2017 fiscal year.

We used approximately 1% less MMBtus of natural gas during our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015 due to energy efficiency improvements we made to the ethanol plant which decreased our natural gas needs. Management anticipates that our natural gas consumption during our 2017 fiscal year will be comparable to our consumption during our 2016 fiscal year.

We experienced approximately $167,000 of combined realized and unrealized gains for our 2016 fiscal year related to our corn and natural gas derivative instruments which decreased our cost of goods sold. By comparison, We experienced approximately $331,000 of combined realized and unrealized gains for our 2015 fiscal year related to our corn and natural gas derivative instruments which decreased our cost of goods sold. We recognize the gains or losses that result from the changes in the value of our derivative instruments from corn and natural gas in cost of goods sold as the changes occur.  As corn and natural gas prices fluctuate, the value of our derivative instruments are impacted, which affects our financial performance.

Operating Expense

Our operating expenses were higher for our 2016 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2015 due primarily to property and casualty insurance proceeds we received during our 2015 fiscal year which decreased our operating expenses. The insurance proceeds in excess of the loss equaled approximately $1.8 million in 2015.

Other Income and Expense

Our interest income was lower during our 2016 fiscal year compared to our 2015 fiscal year due to decreased cash on hand during the 2016 period. In addition, our other income was lower during our 2016 fiscal year compared to our 2015 fiscal year due to approximately $600,000 in business interruption insurance proceeds which were included in our other income for the 2015 period. Our equity in the net income of our investments was higher during our 2016 fiscal year compared to our 2015 fiscal year due to more income being generated by our investments which are in the ethanol industry and are directionally consistent with our performance during the 2016 period.

Comparison of the Fiscal Years Ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

The following table shows the results of our operations and the percentage of revenues, cost of revenues, operating expenses and other items to total revenues in our consolidated statements of operations for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014:

23


 
 
2015
 
2014
Income Statement Data
 
Amount
 
%
 
Amount
 
%
Revenue
 
$
88,997,947

 
100.0

 
$
124,469,094

 
100.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of Revenues
 
81,445,770

 
91.5

 
89,068,125

 
71.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross Profit
 
7,552,177

 
8.5

 
35,400,969

 
28.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Expense
 
1,827,789

 
2.1

 
3,550,980

 
2.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from Operations
 
5,724,388

 
6.4

 
31,849,989

 
25.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Income
 
2,929,142

 
3.3

 
7,957,330

 
6.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income
 
$
8,653,530

 
9.7

 
$
39,807,319

 
32.0


Revenues

Revenue from ethanol sales decreased by approximately 33% during our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014. Revenue from distillers grains sales decreased by approximately 13% during our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014. Revenue from corn oil sales decreased by approximately 2% during our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014.

Ethanol

Our ethanol revenue decreased by approximately $32.7 million during our 2015 fiscal year compared to our 2014 fiscal year, a decrease of approximately 33%. This decrease in ethanol revenue was primarily due to a decrease in the average price we received for our ethanol of approximately $0.75 per gallon, partially offset by an increase in the total gallons of ethanol we sold. Management attributes this decrease in ethanol prices with lower corn and gasoline prices during our 2015 fiscal year which negatively impacted ethanol prices.

Ethanol sales volumes were higher during our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014 due to less plant downtime and increased production capacity during our 2015 fiscal year. Our total ethanol sales during our 2015 fiscal year were approximately 5% greater than during the same period of 2014, an increase of approximately 2,392,000 gallons.

Distillers Grains

Our total distillers grains revenue decreased for our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014. For our 2015 fiscal year, we sold approximately 36% of our total distillers grains, by volume, in the dried form and approximately 64% of our total distillers grains in the modified/wet form. For our 2014 fiscal year, we sold approximately 39% of our total distillers grains in the dried form and approximately 61% of our total distillers grains in the modified/wet form. This change in the composition of our distillers grains sales was due to market conditions. The average price we received for our dried distillers grains was approximately 9% less during our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014, a decrease of approximately $12 per ton. Management attributes this decrease in dried distillers grains prices with lower corn and soybean prices. Since distillers grains are typically used as a feed substitute for corn and soybean meal, as the prices of corn and soybeans decrease, the price of distillers grains typically also decreases. The average price we received for our modified/wet distillers grains was approximately 11% less for our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014, a decrease of approximately $17 per dry equivalent ton.
    
Corn Oil

Our total corn oil revenue decreased by approximately 2% during our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014. Our total pounds of corn oil sold increased by approximately 16% during our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014, an increase of approximately 1,561,000 pounds, primarily due to increased corn oil yield from the corn we used during our 2015 fiscal year compared to our 2014 fiscal year along with an increase in our total production. The average price we received for our corn oil decreased by approximately 16% for our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014, a decrease of approximately $0.05 per pound. This decrease in market corn oil prices was primarily due to lower market corn oil demand along with an increase in the market supply of corn oil. Corn oil demand was negatively impacted by the expiration of the biodiesel blenders' credit on December 31, 2014.

24



Government Incentives

We received less revenue from the State of South Dakota during our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014 due to decreased state funding for an ethanol production incentive. We received approximately $417,000 in incentive revenue during our 2015 fiscal year and approximately $439,000 during our 2014 fiscal year.
    
Cost of Revenues

Corn

Our cost of revenues relating to corn was approximately 4% less for our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014. Our average cost per bushel of corn decreased by approximately 9% for our 2015 fiscal year compared to our 2014 fiscal year. Management attributes the decrease in corn prices with the third largest corn crop ever recorded which was harvested in the fall of 2015 along with additional corn carryover from the corn crop in 2014 which was the largest corn crop ever harvested. This increase in corn supply resulted in lower market corn prices during our 2015 fiscal year.

We used approximately 5% more bushels of corn during our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014 due to increased production capacity partially offset by improved corn to ethanol yields during our 2015 fiscal year. We also experienced less plant downtime during our 2015 fiscal year compared to our 2014 fiscal year which resulted in an increase in our corn consumption.

Natural Gas

Our cost of revenues related to natural gas decreased by approximately $3,521,000, a decrease of approximately 43%, for our 2015 fiscal year compared to our 2014 fiscal year. This decrease was due to a decrease in market natural gas prices along with decreased natural gas consumption during our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014. We experienced abnormally high natural gas prices during the first quarter of our 2014 fiscal year due to increased natural gas demand and natural gas transportation costs. During our 2015 fiscal year, we experienced a more mild winter with decreased natural gas demand which had a corresponding impact on natural gas prices. Our average cost per MMBtu of natural gas during our 2015 fiscal year was approximately 38% less compared to the price for our 2014 fiscal year.

We used approximately 7% less MMBtus of natural gas during our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014 due to energy efficiency improvements we made to the ethanol plant which decreased our natural gas needs.

We experienced approximately $331,000 of combined realized and unrealized gains for our 2015 fiscal year related to our corn and natural gas derivative instruments which decreased our cost of goods sold. By comparison, we experienced approximately $2.0 million of combined realized and unrealized losses for our 2014 fiscal year related to our corn and natural gas derivative instruments which increased our cost of goods sold.

Operating Expense

Our operating expenses were lower for our 2015 fiscal year compared to the same period of 2014 due primarily to property and casualty insurance proceeds we received during our 2015 fiscal year which decreased our operating expenses along with decreased wages and bonuses due to our decreased profitability during our 2015 fiscal year compared to our 2014 fiscal year.

Other Income and Expense

Our interest income was higher during our 2015 fiscal year compared to our 2014 fiscal year due to increased cash on hand during the 2015 period. In addition, during our 2015 fiscal year, we received approximately $600,000 in business interruption insurance proceeds which were included in our other income. In addition, our equity in the net income of our investments was lower during our 2015 fiscal year compared to our 2014 fiscal year due to less income generated by our investment in Guardian Hankinson, LLC. Our interest expense was lower during our 2015 fiscal year compared to our 2014 fiscal year due to having less borrowing during our 2015 fiscal year as we had repaid the funds we borrowed to make the investment in Guardian Hankinson, LLC.


25


Changes in Financial Condition for the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2016 compared to the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2015.

Current Assets

We had more cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2016 compared to December 31, 2015, primarily due to the increase in our net income during our 2016 fiscal year along with continued strong distributions from our investments. We had more accounts receivable at December 31, 2016, compared to December 31, 2015, due to the timing of our 2016 fiscal year end in relation to our ethanol payments. We had less inventory at December 31, 2016, compared to December 31, 2015, due primarily to having less corn inventory along with less finished goods inventory at December 31, 2016 due to the timing of shipments of our products at our fiscal year end. The average price we used to value our corn inventory at the end of our 2016 fiscal year was less than the end of our 2015 fiscal year which also impacts the value of our corn inventory. The value of our derivative financial instruments was greater at December 31, 2016 compared to December 31, 2015, primarily because we had more cash deposited in our margin account with our commodities broker.

Property and Equipment

The value of our property and equipment was higher at December 31, 2016 compared to December 31, 2015 due to plant improvement projects which were placed into service during our 2016 fiscal year. This increase in the value of our property and equipment was partially offset by the regular depreciation of our assets during our 2016 fiscal year.

Other Assets

The value of our investments was lower at December 31, 2016, compared to December 31, 2015, mainly due to the net effect of the net income generated by Guardian Hankinson, LLC, in which we hold an investment interest, offset by cash distributions we received from Guardian Hankinson, LLC which reduces the value of our investment.

Current Liabilities

At December 31, 2016, we had more checks which were issued in excess of the amount of cash we had in our bank accounts, compared to at December 31, 2015, due to the timing of transfers between our accounts. Any checks which are presented for payment in excess of the balances in our bank accounts are paid from our revolving lines of credit. Our accounts payable was lower at December 31, 2016, compared to December 31, 2015, due to decreased corn payables at the end of our 2016 fiscal year. We had a greater accrued liabilities at December 31, 2016, compared to December 31, 2015 due to increased payroll accruals due to the timing of payroll. The liability on our balance sheet related to our derivative instruments was greater at December 31, 2016, compared to December 31, 2015, due to having more unrealized losses on our forward corn purchase contracts at December 31, 2016, compared to at December 31, 2015.

Long-Term Liabilities

Our long-term liabilities were lower at December 31, 2016, compared to December 31, 2015, due to payments we made on our long-term pledges and guarantee obligation related to our TIF bond guarantee during our 2016 fiscal year.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our main sources of liquidity are cash from our continuing operations, distributions we receive from our investments and amounts we have available to draw on our revolving lines of credit. Management does not anticipate that we will need to raise additional debt or equity financing in the next twelve months and management believes that our current sources of liquidity will be sufficient to continue our operations during that time period. We do not currently anticipate any significant capital expenditures in the next 12 months which would require us to secure additional debt or equity financing. We anticipate that any the capital expenditures we undertake will be paid out of cash from operations and existing revolving loans.

Currently, we have two revolving loans which allow us to borrow funds for working capital. These two revolving loans are described in greater detail below in the section entitled "Item 7 - Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Indebtedness." As of December 31, 2016, we had $1,000 outstanding and $13,199,000 available to be drawn on these revolving loans. Management anticipates that this is sufficient to maintain our liquidity and continue our operations.


26


The following table shows cash flows for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
Fiscal Years Ended December 31
 
 
2016
 
2015
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
$
15,679,756

 
$
19,475,629

Net cash (used in) investing activities
 
(2,680,173
)
 
(8,409,309
)
Net cash (used in) financing activities
 
(11,335,414
)
 
(8,841,537
)

Cash Flow From Operations. Our operating activities generated less cash during our fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, compared to the same period of 2015, primarily due to the net effect of decreased distributions in excess of earnings from our investments offset by increased net income during the 2016 period.

Cash Flow From Investing Activities. Our investing activities used less cash during our fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, compared to the same period of 2015, primarily due to the net effect of less capital purchases during our 2016 fiscal year, partially offset by greater insurance proceeds we received during our 2015 fiscal year due to storm damage at the ethanol plant.

Cash Flow From Financing Activities. Our financing activities used more cash during our fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, compared to the same period of 2015, primarily due to increased distributions to our members during our 2016 fiscal year compared to our 2015 fiscal year.

The following table shows cash flows for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014:
 
 
Fiscal Years Ended December 31
 
 
2015
 
2014
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
$
19,475,629

 
$
33,485,235

Net cash (used in) investing activities
 
(8,409,309
)
 
(8,640,124
)
Net cash (used in) financing activities
 
(8,841,537
)
 
(39,447,186
)

Cash Flow From Operations. Our operating activities generated significantly less cash during our fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, compared to the same period of 2014, primarily due to decreased net income during the 2015 period. We experienced record profitability during our 2014 fiscal year which was not matched by our 2015 fiscal year.

Cash Flow From Investing Activities. Our investing activities used less cash during our fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, compared to the same period of 2014, primarily due to the net effect of additional capital purchases due to our capital improvement projects during our 2015 fiscal year offset by insurance proceeds we received during our 2015 fiscal year due to storm damage at the ethanol plant.

Cash Flow From Financing Activities. Our financing activities used less cash during our fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, compared to the same period of 2014, as a result of less debt payments and decreased distributions to our members during our 2015 fiscal year.

Indebtedness
 
Effective May 15, 2013, we entered into a new comprehensive credit facility with Farm Credit Services of America, PCA and Farm Credit Services of America, FLCA (collectively "FCSA"). Our FCSA credit facility replaced our prior loans with First National Bank of Omaha. For the majority of our 2014 fiscal year, we had three loans with FCSA, a $10 million revolving operating line of credit (the "Operating Line"), a $5 million revolving term commitment (the "Term Revolver"), and a $10 million term loan (the "Term Loan"). However, on November 11, 2014, we restructured our loans with FCSA by consolidating our Term Revolver and our Term Loan into a new $15 million reducing revolving loan (the "Reducing Revolving Loan"). All of our assets, including the ethanol plant and equipment, its accounts receivable and inventory, serve as collateral for our loans with FCSA.

Operating Line

The Operating Line was renewed on November 1, 2016. The Operating Line's maturity date is November 1, 2018. The total amount that we can draw on the Operating Line is restricted by a formula based on the amount of inventory, receivables and equity we have in certain CBOT futures positions. Interest on the Operating Line accrues at the one month London Interbank

27


Offered Rate ("LIBOR") plus 300 basis points. There is a fee of 0.25% on the portion of the Operating Line that we are not using, which is billed quarterly. The interest rate for this loan at December 31, 2016 was 3.60%. As of December 31, 2016, we had $0 outstanding on the Operating Line and $1.2 million available to be drawn, taking into account the borrowing base calculation.

Reducing Revolving Loan

On November 11, 2014, we executed a loan amendment with FCSA which eliminated the Term Loan and Term Revolver and replaced them with the new $15 million Reducing Revolving Loan. Interest accrues on the Reducing Revolving Loan at a rate of 325 basis points in excess of the one-month LIBOR and we agreed to pay a fee of 50 basis points for any unused amount of the Reducing Revolving Loan. The amount we can borrow on the Reducing Revolving Loan decreases by $750,000 semi-annually starting on April 1, 2015 until the maximum balance reaches $7.5 million on October 1, 2019. The Reducing Revolving Loan matures on October 1, 2024. The interest rate for this loan at December 31, 2016 was 3.85%. As of December 31, 2016, we had $1,000 outstanding on the Operating Line and $11,999,000 available to be drawn.

Covenants

Our credit facilities with FCSA are subject to various loan covenants. If we fail to comply with these loan covenants, FCSA can declare us to be in default of our loans. The material loan covenants applicable to our credit facilities are our working capital covenant, local net worth covenant and our debt service coverage ratio. We are required to maintain working capital (current assets minus current liabilities) of at least $6 million. We are required to maintain local net worth (total assets minus total liabilities minus the value of certain investments) of at least $18 million. We are required to maintain a debt service coverage ratio of at least 1.25:1.00.

As of December 31, 2016, we were in compliance with our financial covenants under the FCSA loans. Management's current financial projections indicate that we will be in compliance with our financial covenants for the next 12 months and we expect to remain in compliance thereafter. Management does not believe that it is reasonably likely that we will fall out of compliance with our material loan covenants in the next 12 months. If we fail to comply with the terms of our credit agreements with FCSA, and FCSA refuses to waive the non-compliance, FCSA may require us to immediately repay all amounts outstanding on our loans.

County Bond Obligation

We have a long-term debt obligation on a portion of a tax increment revenue bond series issued by Lake County, South Dakota of which we were the recipient of the proceeds. Taxes levied on our property are used for paying the debt service on the bonds. We are obligated to pay any shortfall in debt service on the bonds should the property taxes collected not be sufficient to pay the entire debt service. The interest rate on the bonds is 7.75% annually.  The bonds require semi-annual payments of interest on December 1 and June 1, in addition to a payment of principal on December 1 of each year. While our obligation under the guarantee is expected to continue until maturity in 2018, such obligation may cease at some point in time if the property on which the plant is located appreciates in value to the extent that Lake County is able to collect a sufficient amount in taxes to cover the principal and interest payments on the taxable bonds. Our estimated liability related to this bond was approximately $97,000 as of December 31, 2016. The guarantee liability is included in other liabilities on the balance sheet.

Contractual Cash Obligations

In addition to our debt obligations, we have certain other contractual cash obligations and commitments.  The following table provides information regarding our consolidated contractual obligations and commitments as of December 31, 2016:
 
 
Payments Due By Period
Contractual Cash Obligations
 
Total
 
Less than One Year
 
One to Three Years
 
Three to Five Years
 
After Five Years
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-Term Debt Obligations
 
$
1,000

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,000

Estimated Interest on Long-Term Debt
 

 

 

 

 

Operating Lease Obligations
 

 

 

 

 

Purchase Obligations
 
10,652,761

 
10,652,761

 

 

 

Other Liabilities
 
166,879

 
141,323

 
17,556

 
8,000

 

Total Contractual Cash Obligations
 
$
10,820,640

 
$
10,794,084

 
$
17,556

 
$
8,000

 
$
1,000



28


Application of Critical Accounting Policies

Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing our consolidated financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. Of the significant accounting policies described in the notes to our consolidated financial statements, we believe that the following are the most critical:

Derivative Instruments

We enter into short-term forward grain, option and futures contracts as a means of securing corn and natural gas for the ethanol plant and managing exposure to changes in commodity and energy prices. We enter into short-term forward, option and futures contracts for sales of ethanol to manage exposure to changes in energy prices. All of our derivatives are designated as non-hedge derivatives, and accordingly are recorded at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income. Although the contracts are considered economic hedges of specified risks, they are not designated as nor accounted for as hedging instruments.

As part of our trading activity, we use futures and option contracts offered through regulated commodity exchanges to reduce our risk and we are exposed to risk of loss in the market value of inventories. To reduce that risk, we generally take positions using cash and futures contracts and options.

Unrealized gains and losses related to derivative contracts for corn and natural gas purchases are included as a component of cost of revenues and derivative contracts related to ethanol sales are included as a component of revenues in the accompanying financial statements. The fair values of derivative contracts are presented on the accompanying balance sheets as derivative financial instruments.

Goodwill

Annually, as well as when an event triggering impairment may have occurred, the Company performs an impairment test on goodwill. The Company performs a quantitative analysis that tests for impairment. The second step, if necessary, measures the impairment. The Company performs the annual analysis on December 31 of each fiscal year. The Company determined that there was no impairment of goodwill at December 31, 2016 and 2015.

Inventory Valuation

Inventories are generally valued using methods which approximate the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or net realizable value. In the valuation of inventories and purchase commitments, net realizable value is based on estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue from the production of ethanol and related products is recorded when title transfers to customers. Generally, ethanol and related products are shipped FOB shipping point, based on written contract terms between Dakota Ethanol and its customers. Collectability of revenue is reasonably assured based on historical evidence of collectability between Dakota Ethanol and its customers. Interest income is recognized as earned.

Shipping costs incurred by the Company in the sale of ethanol, dried distillers grains and corn oil are not specifically identifiable and as a result, revenue from the sale of those products is recorded based on the net selling price reported to the Company from the marketer.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We are exposed to the impact of market fluctuations associated with commodity prices and interest rates as discussed below.  We have no exposure to foreign currency risk as all of our business is conducted in U.S. Dollars. We use derivative financial instruments as part of an overall strategy to manage market risk. We use cash, futures and option contracts to hedge changes to the commodity prices of corn and natural gas. We do not enter into these derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes, nor do we designate these contracts as hedges for accounting purposes.

29



Interest Rate Risk

We are exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates. Exposure to interest rate risk results primarily from holding loans which bear variable interest rates. As of December 31, 2016, we had $1,000 outstanding on our variable interest rate loans with interest accruing at a rate of 3.85%. Our variable interest rates are calculated by adding a set basis to LIBOR. If we were to experience a 10% increase in LIBOR, the annual effect such change would have on our statement of operations, based on the amount we had outstanding on our variable interest rate loans as of December 31, 2016, would be approximately $1.

Commodity Price Risk

We are exposed to market risk from changes in commodity prices.  Exposure to commodity price risk results from our dependence on corn and natural gas in the ethanol production process.  We seek to minimize the risks from fluctuations in the prices of corn and natural gas through the use of hedging instruments.  In practice, as markets move, we actively manage our risk and adjust hedging strategies as appropriate.  Although we believe our hedge positions accomplish an economic hedge against our future purchases, they are not designated as such for hedge accounting purposes, which would match the gain or loss on our hedge positions to the specific commodity purchase being hedged.  We are marking to market our hedge positions, which means as the current market price of our hedge positions changes, the gains and losses are immediately recognized in our cost of revenues.

The immediate recognition of hedging gains and losses can cause net income to be volatile from quarter to quarter due to the timing of the change in value of the derivative instruments relative to the cost and use of the commodity being hedged.  We recorded a decrease to our cost of revenues of approximately $167,000 related to derivative instruments for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. We recorded a decrease to our cost of revenues of approximately $331,000 related to derivative instruments for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015. There are several variables that could affect the extent to which our derivative instruments are impacted by price fluctuations in the cost of corn or natural gas.  However, it is likely that commodity cash prices will have the greatest impact on the derivatives instruments with delivery dates nearest the current cash price.
  
As of December 31, 2016, we were committed to purchasing approximately 3.0 million bushels of corn with an average price of $3.39 per bushel. These corn purchases represent approximately 15% of our expected corn usage for the next 12 months. As corn prices move in reaction to market trends and information, our statement of operations will be affected depending on the impact such market movements have on the value of our derivative instruments. Depending on market movements, crop prospects and weather, these price protection positions may cause immediate adverse effects to our financial results, but are designed to produce long-term positive growth for us.

As of December 31, 2016, we were not committed to purchasing any natural gas.

As of December 31, 2016, the Company is committed to selling approximately 25,000 dry equivalent tons of distillers grains with an average price of $110 per ton.  The distillers grains sales represent approximately 17% of the projected annual plant production.

As of December 31, 2016, the Company is committed to selling approximately 768,000 pounds of distillers corn oil with an average price of $0.27 per pound.  The distillers corn oil sales represent approximately 7% of the projected annual plant production.

A sensitivity analysis has been prepared to estimate our exposure to ethanol, corn and natural gas price risk. Market risk related to these factors is estimated as the potential change in income resulting from a hypothetical 10% adverse change in the average cost of our corn and natural gas prices and average ethanol price as of December 31, 2016, net of the forward and future contracts used to hedge our market risk for corn and natural gas usage requirements. The volumes are based on our expected use and sale of these commodities for a one year period from December 31, 2016. The results of this analysis, which may differ from actual results, are as follows:
 
 
Estimated Volume Requirements for the next 12 months (net of forward and futures contracts)
 
Unit of Measure
 
Hypothetical Adverse Change in Price
 
Approximate Adverse Change to Income
Ethanol
52,500,000

 
Gallons
 
10
%
 
$
8,190,000

Corn
16,539,575

 
Bushels
 
10
%
 
$
4,994,952

Natural Gas
1,181,250

 
MMBTU
 
10
%
 
$
429,975


30



For comparison purposes, our sensitivity analysis for our 2015 fiscal year is set forth below.
 
Estimated Volume Requirements for the next 12 months (net of forward and futures contracts)
 
Unit of Measure
 
Hypothetical Adverse Change in Price
 
Approximate Adverse Change to Income
Ethanol
55,000,000

 
Gallons
 
10
%
 
$
6,490,000

Corn
17,590,797

 
Bushels
 
10
%
 
$
5,787,372

Natural Gas
1,117,500

 
MMBTU
 
10
%
 
$
219,030



31


ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Managers and Members
Lake Area Corn Processors, LLC
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Lake Area Corn Processors, LLC and subsidiary as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in members’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2016. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Lake Area Corn Processors, LLC and subsidiary as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2016, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

rsmsignaturelinea01.jpg


Des Moines, Iowa
March 2, 2017


32


LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
Consolidated Balance Sheets

 
December 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
9,993,335

 
$
8,329,166

Accounts receivable
4,054,667

 
1,503,956

Other receivables
25,216

 
1,462,207

Inventory
6,212,619

 
7,565,490

Derivative financial instruments
1,057,465

 
676,991

Prepaid expenses
237,823

 
281,555

Total current assets
21,581,125

 
19,819,365

 
 
 
 
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
 
 
 
Land
874,473

 
874,473

Land improvements
9,449,920

 
4,099,149

Buildings
8,955,206

 
8,955,206

Equipment
52,614,358

 
52,041,058

Construction in progress

 
1,979,945

 
71,893,957

 
67,949,831

Less accumulated depreciation
(37,069,755
)
 
(33,765,772
)
Net property and equipment
34,824,202

 
34,184,059

 
 
 
 
OTHER ASSETS
 
 
 
Goodwill
10,395,766

 
10,395,766

Investments
11,192,032

 
15,224,992

Other
122,964

 
122,332

Total other assets
21,710,762

 
25,743,090

 
 
 
 
TOTAL ASSETS
$
78,116,089

 
$
79,746,514

 
 
 
 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements










33


LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
Consolidated Balance Sheets






December 31, 2016

December 31, 2015
LIABILITIES AND MEMBERS’ EQUITY







CURRENT LIABILITIES



Outstanding checks in excess of bank balance
$
1,035,671


$
477,166

Accounts payable
7,670,550


9,671,856

Accrued liabilities
592,749


498,735

Derivative financial instruments
827,786


607,571

Other
141,323


120,465

Total current liabilities
10,268,079


11,375,793





LONG-TERM LIABILITIES



Notes payable
1,000


1,000

Other
25,556

 
105,475

Total long-term liabilities
26,556


106,475





COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES







MEMBERS' EQUITY (29,620,000 units issued and outstanding)
67,821,454


68,264,246





TOTAL LIABILITIES AND MEMBERS' EQUITY
$
78,116,089


$
79,746,514






See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements



34


LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
Consolidated Statements of Operations
 
December 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
 

REVENUES
$
88,812,550

 
$
88,997,947

 
$
124,469,094

 
 
 
 
 

COSTS OF REVENUES
76,097,861

 
81,445,770

 
89,068,125

 
 
 
 
 

GROSS PROFIT
12,714,689

 
7,552,177

 
35,400,969

 
 
 
 
 

OPERATING EXPENSES
3,642,087

 
1,827,789

 
3,550,980

 
 
 
 
 

INCOME FROM OPERATIONS
9,072,602

 
5,724,388

 
31,849,989

 
 
 
 
 

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
 
 
 
 

Interest and other income
40,367

 
117,471

 
103,237

Business interruption claims recovery

 
617,771

 

Equity in net income of investments
2,293,928

 
2,195,535

 
8,041,347

Interest expense
(1,689
)
 
(1,635
)
 
(187,254
)
Total other income (expense)
2,332,606

 
2,929,142

 
7,957,330

 
 
 
 
 

NET INCOME
$
11,405,208

 
$
8,653,530

 
$
39,807,319

 
 
 
 
 

BASIC AND DILUTED EARNINGS PER UNIT
$
0.39

 
$
0.29

 
$
1.34

 
 
 
 
 

WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF UNITS OUTSTANDING FOR THE CALCULATION OF BASIC & DILUTED EARNINGS PER UNIT
29,620,000

 
29,620,000

 
29,620,000

 
 
 
 
 
 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


35


LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Members' Equity
Years Ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014

 
 
Members'
 
 
Equity
Balance, December 31, 2013
 
$
58,455,182

Net income
 
39,807,319

Distributions paid ($1.00 per capital unit)
 
(29,662,273
)
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2014
 
68,600,228

Net income
 
8,653,530

Distributions paid ($.30 per capital unit)
 
(8,989,512
)
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2015
 
68,264,246

Net income
 
11,405,208

Distributions paid ($.40 per capital unit)
 
(11,848,000
)
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2016
 
$
67,821,454

 
 
 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


36


LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

December 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014


 

 
 
OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 
 
Net income
$
11,405,208

 
$
8,653,530

 
$
39,807,319

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities

 

 
 
Depreciation and amortization
3,375,012

 
3,373,935

 
2,943,796

Distributions in excess of earnings (earnings in excess of distributions) from investments
4,032,960

 
8,004,464

 
(8,041,347
)
(Gain) on insurance proceeds for damage to equipment

 
(2,818,955
)
 

(Gain) loss on disposal of property and equipment

 
849,734

 

(Increase) decrease in

 

 
 
Receivables
(2,432,676
)
 
759,945

 
2,493,211

Inventory
1,352,871

 
(1,458,844
)
 
767,561

Prepaid expenses
43,732

 
24,796

 
(140,771
)
Derivative financial instruments
(160,259
)
 
(59,474
)
 
513,693

Other assets

 

 
(26,686
)
Increase (decrease) in


 

 
 
Accounts payable
(2,017,964
)
 
2,211,376

 
(4,726,410
)
Accrued and other liabilities
80,872

 
(64,878
)
 
(105,131
)
NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES
15,679,756

 
19,475,629

 
33,485,235



 

 
 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
Insurance proceeds received for damage to equipment
1,318,955

 
1,500,000

 

Purchase of property and equipment
(3,999,128
)
 
(9,894,309
)
 
(8,185,124
)
Purchase of investments

 
(15,000
)
 
(455,000
)
NET CASH (USED IN) INVESTING ACTIVITIES
(2,680,173
)
 
(8,409,309
)
 
(8,640,124
)


 

 
 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 
 
Increase in outstanding checks in excess of bank balance
558,505

 
230,319

 
246,847

Payments for long-term debt
(45,919
)
 
(82,344
)
 
(10,031,760
)
Distributions to members
(11,848,000
)
 
(8,989,512
)
 
(29,662,273
)
NET CASH (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES
(11,335,414
)
 
(8,841,537
)
 
(39,447,186
)



 

 
 
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
1,664,169

 
2,224,783

 
(14,602,075
)


 

 
 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD
8,329,166

 
6,104,383

 
20,706,458




 

 
 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD
$
9,993,335

 
$
8,329,166

 
$
6,104,383



 

 
 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION

 

 
 
Cash paid during the period for interest, net of capitalized interest of $6,175, $95,771 and $0 in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively
$
1,687

 
$
1,689

 
$
236,524

Capital expenditures in accounts payable
69,647

 
52,989

 
293,233

 
 
 
 
 
 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

37

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2016, 2015 AND 2014    




NOTE 1    .    NATURE OF OPERATIONS

Principal Business Activity

Lake Area Corn Processors, LLC and subsidiary (the Company) is a South Dakota limited liability company.

The Company owns and manages Dakota Ethanol, LLC (Dakota Ethanol), a 40 million-gallon (annual nameplate capacity) ethanol plant located near Wentworth, South Dakota. Dakota Ethanol sells ethanol and related products to customers located primarily in North America.

In addition, the Company has investment interests in five companies in related industries. See note 4 for further details.

NOTE 2.    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of its wholly owned subsidiary, Dakota Ethanol. All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue from the production of ethanol and related products is recorded when title transfers to customers. Generally, ethanol and related products are shipped FOB shipping point, based on written contract terms between Dakota Ethanol and its customers. Collectability of revenue is reasonably assured based on historical evidence of collectability between Dakota Ethanol and its customers. Interest income is recognized as earned.

Shipping costs incurred by the Company in the sale of ethanol, dried distillers grains and corn oil are not specifically identifiable and as a result, revenue from the sale of those products is recorded based on the net selling price reported to the Company from the marketer.

Cost of Revenues

The primary components of cost of revenues from the production of ethanol and related co-product are corn expense, energy expense (natural gas and electricity), raw materials expense (chemicals and denaturant), and direct labor costs.

Shipping costs on modified and wet distillers grains are included in cost of revenues.

Inventory Valuation

Inventories are generally valued using methods which approximate the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or net realizable value. In the valuation of inventories and purchase commitments, net realizable value is based on estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of demand accounts and other accounts with original maturities of three months or less that provide withdrawal privileges.

Receivables and Credit Policies

Accounts receivable are uncollateralized customer obligations due under normal trade terms requiring payment within fifteen days from the invoice date. Unpaid accounts receivable with invoice dates over thirty days old bear interest at 1.5% per month. Accounts receivable are stated at the amount billed to the customer. Payments of accounts receivable are allocated to the specific invoices identified on the customer’s remittance advice or, if unspecified, are applied to the earliest unpaid invoices.


38

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2016, 2015 AND 2014    



The carrying amount of trade receivables is reduced by a valuation allowance that reflects management’s best estimate of the amounts that will not be collected. Management regularly reviews trade receivable balances and based on an assessment of current creditworthiness, estimates the portion, if any, of the balance that will not be collected. The valuation allowance was $51,791 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015.

Investment in commodities contracts, derivative instruments and hedging activities

The Company is exposed to certain risks related to our ongoing business operations.  The primary risks that the Company manages by using forward or derivative instruments are price risk on anticipated purchases of corn and natural gas and the sale of ethanol, distillers grains and distillers corn oil.
 
The Company is subject to market risk with respect to the price and availability of corn, the principal raw material the Company uses to produce ethanol and ethanol by-products.  In general, rising corn prices result in lower profit margins and, therefore, represent unfavorable market conditions.  This is especially true when market conditions do not allow us to pass along increased corn costs to our customers.  The availability and price of corn is subject to wide fluctuations due to unpredictable factors such as weather conditions, farmer planting decisions, governmental policies with respect to agriculture and international trade and global demand and supply.

Certain contracts that literally meet the definition of a derivative may be exempted from derivative accounting as normal purchases or normal sales.  Normal purchases and normal sales are contracts that provide for the purchase or sale of something other than a financial instrument or derivative instrument that will be delivered in quantities expected to be used or sold over a reasonable period in the normal course of business.  Contracts that meet the requirements of normal purchases or sales are documented as normal and exempted from the accounting and reporting requirements of derivative accounting.

The Company does not apply the normal purchase and sales exemption for forward corn purchase contacts. As of December 31, 2016, the Company is committed to purchasing approximately 3 million bushels of corn on a forward contract basis with an average price of $3.39 per bushel. The total corn purchase contracts represent 15% of the projected annual plant corn usage.

The Company enters into firm-price purchase commitments with natural gas suppliers under which the Company agrees to buy natural gas at a price set in advance of the actual delivery.  Under these arrangements, the Company assumes the risk of a price decrease in the market price of natural gas between the time the price is fixed and the time the natural gas is delivered.  At December 31, 2016, the Company does not have any firm-price purchase commitments for natural gas. The Company accounts for these transactions as normal purchases, and accordingly, does not mark these transactions to market.

The Company enters into firm-price sales commitments with distillers grains customers under which the Company agrees to sell distillers grains at a price set in advance of the actual delivery.  Under these arrangements, the Company assumes the risk of a price increase in the market price of distillers grain between the time the price is fixed and the time the distillers grains are delivered.  At December 31, 2016, the Company is committed to selling approximately 25,000 dry equivalent tons of distillers grains with an average price of $110 per ton.  The Company accounts for these transactions as normal sales, and accordingly, does not mark these transactions to market. The distillers grains sales represent approximately 17% of the projected annual plant production.

The Company enters into firm-price sales commitments with distillers corn oil customers under which the Company agrees to sell distillers corn oil at a price set in advance of the actual delivery.  Under these arrangements, the Company assumes the risk of a price increase in the market price of distillers corn oil between the time the price is fixed and the time the distillers corn oil is delivered.  At December 31, 2016, the Company is committed to selling approximately 768,000 pounds of distillers corn oil with an average price of $0.27 per pound.  The Company accounts for these transactions as normal sales, and accordingly, does not mark these transactions to market. The distillers corn oil sales represent approximately 7% of the projected annual plant production.

The Company does not have any firm-priced sales commitments for ethanol as of December 31, 2016.

The Company enters into short-term forward, option and futures contracts for ethanol, corn and natural gas as a means of managing exposure to changes in commodity and energy prices. All of the Company's derivatives are designated as non-hedge derivatives, and accordingly are recorded at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income. Although the contracts are considered economic hedges of specified risks, they are not designated as and accounted for as hedging instruments.

39

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2016, 2015 AND 2014    




As part of our trading activity, The Company uses futures and option contracts offered through regulated commodity exchanges to reduce risk of loss in the market value of inventories and purchase commitments. To reduce that risk, the Company generally takes positions using forward and futures contracts and options.

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments at December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were as follows:

 
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
December 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Forward contracts in gain position
 
 
 
$
6,491

 
$
300

Futures contracts in gain position
 
 
 
246,900

 
189,244

Futures contracts in loss position
 
 
 
(12,575
)
 

     Total forward and futures contracts
 
 
 
240,816

 
189,544

Cash held by broker
 
 
 
816,649

 
487,447

 
 
 Current Assets
 
$
1,057,465

 
$
676,991

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Forward contracts in loss position
 
 (Current Liabilities)
 
$
(827,786
)
 
$
(607,571
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Futures contracts and cash held by broker are all with one party and the right of offset exists. Therefore, on the balance sheet, these items are netted in one balance regardless of position.

Forward contracts are with multiple parties and the right of offset does not exist. Therefore, these contracts are reported at the gross amounts on the balance sheet.

Realized and unrealized gains and losses related to derivative contracts related to corn and natural gas purchases are included as a component of cost of revenues and derivative contracts related to ethanol sales are included as a component of revenues in the accompanying financial statements.

 
 
 Statement of Operations
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
Classification
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Net realized and unrealized gains (losses) related to purchase contracts:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Futures contracts
 
Cost of Revenues
 
$
1,874,523

 
$
1,325,265

 
$
1,249,072

Forward contracts
 
Cost of Revenues
 
(1,707,414
)
 
(994,242
)
 
(3,231,490
)

Investments

The Company has investment interests in five companies in related industries. All of these interests are at ownership shares less than 20%. These investments are flow-through entities and are being accounted for by the equity method of accounting under which the Company’s share of net income is recognized as income in the Company’s statements of operations and added to the investment account.  Distributions or dividends received from the investments are treated as a reduction of the investment account. Cash flows from investments are classified based on the nature of the distribution approach. The Company consistently follows the practice of recognizing the net income based on the most recent reliable data. 


40

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2016, 2015 AND 2014    



Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include the fair value of derivative financial instruments, lower of cost or net realizable value accounting for inventory and forward purchase contracts and goodwill impairment evaluation.

Concentrations of Credit Risk

The Company’s cash balances are maintained in bank depositories and regularly exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in connection with these balances.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment is stated at cost. Significant additions and betterments are capitalized, while expenditures for maintenance, repairs and minor renewals are charged to operations when incurred. Depreciation on assets placed in service is computed using the straight-line method over estimated useful lives as follows:

 
Minimum
Maximum
Land improvements
20 years
40 years
Equipment
5 years
20 years
Buildings
 
40 years

Equipment relates to two general categories: mechanical equipment and administrative and maintenance equipment. Mechanical equipment generally relates to equipment for handling inventories and the production of ethanol and related products, with useful lives of 15 to 20 years, including boilers, cooling towers, grain bins, centrifuges, conveyors, fermentation tanks, pumps and drying equipment. Administrative and maintenance equipment is equipment with useful lives of 5 to 15 years, including vehicles, computer systems, security equipment, testing devices and shop equipment.

The Company reviews its property and equipment for impairment whenever events indicate that the carrying amount of an asset group may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recorded when the sum of the undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset group. An impairment loss is measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset group exceeds its fair value. No indicators of impairment were identified during the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015.

Goodwill

Annually, as well as when an event triggering impairment may have occurred, the Company performs an impairment test on goodwill. The Company performs a quantitative analysis that tests for impairment. The second step, if necessary, measures the impairment. The Company performs the annual analysis on December 31 of each fiscal year. The Company determined that there was no impairment of goodwill at December 31, 2016 and 2015.

Earnings Per Unit

For purposes of calculating basic earnings per unit, units issued are considered outstanding on the effective date of issuance. Diluted earnings per unit are calculated by including dilutive potential equity units in the denominator. There were no dilutive equity units for the years ending December 31, 2016, 2015, and 2014.

41

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2016, 2015 AND 2014    



Income Taxes

The Company is taxed as a limited liability company under the Internal Revenue Code. The income of the Company flows through to the members to be taxed at the member level rather than the corporate level. Accordingly, the Company has no tax liability.

Management has evaluated the Company’s tax positions under the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued guidance on accounting for uncertainty in income taxes and concluded that the Company had taken no uncertain tax positions that require adjustment to the financial statements to comply with the provisions of this guidance. Generally, the Company is no longer subject to income tax examinations by the U.S. federal, state or local authorities for the years before 2013.

Environmental Liabilities

The Company’s operations are subject to environmental laws and regulations adopted by various governmental authorities in the jurisdictions in which it operates. These laws require the Company to investigate and remediate the effects of the release or disposal of materials at its locations. Accordingly, the Company has adopted policies, practices and procedures in the areas of pollution control, occupational health and the production, handling, storage and use of hazardous materials to prevent material environmental or other damage, and to limit the financial liability which could result from such events. Environmental liabilities are recorded when the Company’s liability is probable and the costs can be reasonably estimated.

Operating Segment

The Company uses the “management approach” for reporting information about segments in annual and interim financial statements. The management approach is based on the way the chief operating decision-maker organizes segments within a company for making operating decisions and assessing performance. Reportable segments are based on products and services, geography, legal structure, management structure and any other manner in which management disaggregates a company. Based on the “management approach” model, the Company has determined that its business is comprised of a single operating segment.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), requiring an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The updated standard will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) when it becomes effective and permits the use of either a full retrospective or retrospective with cumulative effect transition method. Early adoption is not permitted. The updated standard becomes effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018. The Company has not yet selected a transition method and is currently evaluating the effect that the updated standard will have on the consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)” (ASU 2016-02). ASU 2016-02 requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for all leases greater than one year in duration and classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and for interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company does not expect this standard to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-07, "Investments-Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323)" (ASU 2016-07). ASU 2016-07 simplifies the process for transitioning investments from cost basis to equity method accounting. ASU 2016-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and for interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company does not expect this standard to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15 (ASU 2016-15), "Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230)" (ASU 2016-15). ASU 2016-15 clarifies and provides guidance for specific cash flow issues. The guidance addresses classification for proceeds from insurance settlements and distributions received from equity method investees. ASU 2016-15 is effective for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company has chosen to early adopt the standard. The Company has chosen the nature of distributions approach for equity method distributions. The Company has also adopted the insurance settlement guidance which includes retrospective application to the 2015 cash flow statement. 2015 cash provided by operations increased and cash used in

42

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2016, 2015 AND 2014    



investing activities increased by approximately $1,937,000 per the retrospective application.

Risks and Uncertainties

The Company has certain risks and uncertainties that it will experience during volatile market conditions, which can have a severe impact on operations. The Company's revenues are derived from the sale and distribution of ethanol and distiller grains to customers primarily located in the United States. Corn for the production process is supplied to the plant primarily from local agricultural producers and from purchases on the open market. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2016, ethanol sales averaged approximately 78% of total revenues, while approximately 19% of revenues were generated from the sale of distiller grains and 3% of revenues were generated from the sale of corn oil. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2016, corn costs averaged approximately 73% of cost of goods sold.

The Company's operating and financial performance is largely driven by the prices at which it sells ethanol and the net expense of corn. The price of ethanol is influenced by factors such as supply and demand, weather, government policies and programs, and unleaded gasoline and the petroleum markets. Excess ethanol supply in the market, in particular, puts downward pressure on the price of ethanol. The Company's largest cost of production is corn. The cost of corn is generally impacted by factors such as supply and demand, weather, and government policies and programs. The Company's risk management program is used to protect against the price volatility of these commodities.

NOTE 3.     INVENTORY

Inventory consisted of the following as of December 31, 2016 and 2015:

 
 
December 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Raw materials
 
$
3,217,822

 
$
4,257,537

Finished goods
 
1,124,660

 
1,642,684

Work in process
 
593,197

 
570,510

Parts inventory
 
1,276,940

 
1,094,759

 
 
$
6,212,619

 
$
7,565,490


NOTE 4.    INVESTMENTS

Dakota Ethanol has a 7% investment interest in the Company’s ethanol marketer, Renewable Products Marketing Group, LLC (RPMG).  The net income which is reported in the Company’s income statement for RPMG is based on RPMG’s September 30 audited results. The carrying amount of the Company’s investment was approximately $1,283,000 and $2,141,000 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Dakota Ethanol has a 6% investment interest in Prairie Gold Venture Partnership, LLC (PGVP), a venture capital fund investing in cellulosic ethanol production.  The net income which is reported in the Company’s income statement for PGVP is based on PGVP’s June 30 unaudited interim results. The carrying amount of the Company’s investment was approximately $308,000 and $867,000 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Dakota Ethanol has a 10% investment interest in Lawrenceville Tanks, LLC (LT), a partnership to construct and operate an ethanol storage terminal in Georgia.  The net income which is reported in the Company’s income statement for LT is based on LT’s December 31 unaudited results. The carrying amount of the Company’s investment was approximately $460,000 and $577,000 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 respectively.

Lake Area Corn Processors has a 10% investment interest in Guardian Hankinson, LLC (GH), a partnership to operate an ethanol plant in North Dakota.  The net income which is reported in the Company’s income statement for GH is based on GH’s December 31 audited results. The carrying amount of the Company’s investment was approximately $9,108,000 and $11,597,000 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 respectively.

43

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2016, 2015 AND 2014    




Lake Area Corn Processors has a 17% investment interest in Guardian Energy Management, LLC (GEM), a partnership to provide management services to ethanol plants.  The net income which is reported in the Company’s income statement for GEM is based on GEM’s December 31 unaudited interim results. The carrying amount of the Company’s investment was approximately $33,000 and $41,000 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015.

Condensed, combined unaudited financial information of the Company's investments in RPMG, PGVP, LT, GH and GEM are as follows:
Balance Sheet
 
12/31/2016
 
12/31/2015
 
12/31/2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
$
178,539,108

 
$
157,550,341

 
$
209,600,962

Other assets
 
151,378,628

 
163,122,840

 
176,468,346

Current liabilities
 
140,898,148

 
115,222,336

 
95,234,540

Long-term liabilities
 
49,924,355

 
37,502,031

 
34,280,219

Member's equity
 
139,095,233

 
167,948,814

 
256,554,549

Revenue
 
255,245,069

 
259,096,005

 
320,484,814

Gross Profit
 
42,635,837

 
35,135,377

 
105,589,056

Net Income
 
29,555,855

 
25,650,869

 
79,122,028


The following table shows the condensed financial information of Guardian Hankinson, which represents greater than 10% of the Company's net income for the year ended December 31, 2016.
Balance Sheet
 
12/31/2016
 
12/31/2015
 
12/31/2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
$
31,337,860

 
$
30,957,066

 
$
90,121,911

Other assets
 
133,415,881

 
144,336,737

 
157,660,672

Current liabilities
 
23,822,812

 
21,819,143

 
16,384,133

Long-term liabilities
 
49,856,355

 
37,502,031

 
34,264,219

Members' equity
 
91,074,574

 
115,972,629

 
197,134,231

Revenue
 
237,885,377

 
240,928,085

 
307,142,125

Gross Profit
 
30,731,135

 
21,352,587

 
93,397,938

Net Income
 
25,601,946

 
19,838,398

 
75,078,238


The Company recorded equity in net income of approximately $2,561,000, $1,984,000 and $7,719,000 from GH for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 respectively. The Company recorded equity in net income (loss) of approximately $(267,000), $212,000 and $322,000 from our other investments for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 respectively. The Company has undistributed net earnings in investees of approximately $680,000 and $1,575,000 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

NOTE 5.    REVOLVING OPERATING NOTE

On November 1, 2016, Dakota Ethanol executed a revolving promissory note with Farm Credit Services of America (FCSA) in the amount up to $10,000,000 or the amount available in accordance with the borrowing base calculation. Interest on the outstanding principal balances will accrue at 300 basis points above the 1 month LIBOR rate and is not subject to a floor. The rate was 3.60% at December 31, 2016. There is a non-use fee of 0.25% on the unused portion of the $10,000,000 availability. The note is collateralized by substantially all assets of the Company. The note expires on November 1, 2018. On December 31, 2016, Dakota Ethanol had $0 outstanding and approximately $1,200,000 available to be drawn on the revolving promissory note under the borrowing base.


44

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2016, 2015 AND 2014    



NOTE 6.    LONG-TERM NOTES PAYABLE

On November 11, 2014, Dakota Ethanol executed a reducing revolving promissory note from FCSA in the amount of $15,000,000. The amount Dakota Ethanol can borrow on the note decreases by $750,000 semi-annually starting on April 1, 2015 until the maximum balance reaches $7.5 million on October 1, 2019. The note matures on October 1, 2024. Interest on the outstanding principal balance will accrue at 325 basis points above the 1 month LIBOR rate and is not subject to a floor. The rate was 3.85% at December 31, 2016. The note contains a non-use fee of 0.5% on the unused portion of the note. On December 31, 2016, Dakota Ethanol had $1,000 outstanding and $11,999,000 available to be drawn on the note.

As part of the note payable agreement, Dakota Ethanol is subject to certain restrictive covenants establishing financial reporting requirements, distribution and capital expenditure limits, minimum debt service coverage ratios, net worth and working capital requirements. The note is collateralized by substantially all assets of the Company.
 
NOTE 7.    EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

Dakota Ethanol maintains a 401(k) plan for the employees who meet the eligibility requirements set forth in the plan documents. Dakota Ethanol matches a percentage of the employees' contributed earnings. Employer contributions to the plan totaled approximately $103,000, $103,000 and $105,000 for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

NOTE 8.    FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

The Company complies with the fair value measurements and disclosures standard which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosure for those assets and liabilities carried on the balance sheet on a fair value basis.

The Company’s balance sheet contains derivative financial instruments that are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. Fair value measurements and disclosures require that assets and liabilities carried at fair value be classified and disclosed according to the process for determining fair value. There are three levels of determining fair value.

Level 1 uses quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 uses observable market based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data.

Level 3 uses unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data.

A description of the valuation methodologies used for instruments measured at fair value, as well as the general classification of such instruments pursuant to the valuation hierarchy, is set forth below.

Derivative financial instruments. Commodity futures and options contracts are reported at fair value utilizing Level 1 inputs. For these contracts, the Company obtains fair value measurements from an independent pricing service. The fair value measurements consider observable data that may include dealer quotes and live trading levels from the CBOT and NYMEX markets. Over-the-counter commodity options contracts are reported at fair value utilizing Level 2 inputs. For these contracts, the Company obtains fair value measurements from an independent pricing service. The fair value measurements consider observable data that may include dealer quotes and live trading levels from the over-the-counter markets. Forward purchase contracts are reported at fair value utilizing Level 2 inputs. For these contracts, the Company obtains fair value measurements from local grain terminal bid values. The fair value measurements consider observable data that may include live trading bids from local elevators and processing plants which are based off the CBOT markets.

The following table summarizes financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, segregated by the level of the valuation inputs within the fair value hierarchy utilized to measure fair value:

45

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2016, 2015 AND 2014    



 
 
 Total
 
 Level 1
 
 Level 2
 
 Level 3
December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments, futures contracts
 
$
246,900

 
$
246,900

 
$

 
$

forward contracts
 
6,491

 

 
6,491

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments, futures contracts
 
$
(12,575
)
 
$
(12,575
)
 
$

 
$

forward contracts
 
(827,786
)
 

 
(827,786
)
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments, futures contracts
 
$
189,244

 
$
189,244

 
$

 
$

forward contracts
 
300

 

 
300

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments, forward contracts
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

forward contracts
 
(607,571
)
 

 
(607,571
)
 


During the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company did not make any changes between Level 1 and Level 2 assets and liabilities. As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company did not have any Level 3 assets or liabilities.

Certain financial assets and financial liabilities are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis; that is, the instruments are not measured at fair value on an ongoing basis but are subject to fair value adjustments in certain circumstances (for example, when there is evidence of impairment). Financial assets and financial li