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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - POPEYES LOUISIANA KITCHEN, INC.exhibit322q22016.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - POPEYES LOUISIANA KITCHEN, INC.exhibit321q22016.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - POPEYES LOUISIANA KITCHEN, INC.exhibit312q22016.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - POPEYES LOUISIANA KITCHEN, INC.exhibit311q22016.htm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q 
 
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended July 10, 2016
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to                
Commission file number 000-32369 
 

Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
 
Minnesota
 
58-2016606
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
400 Perimeter Center Terrace, Suite 1000
Atlanta, Georgia
 
30346
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip code)
(404) 459-4450
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes    x      No    ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes    x      No    ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (check one):
Large accelerated filer
x
  
Accelerated filer
 
¨
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
¨
–  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)      
  
Smaller reporting company                    
 
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes    ¨      No    x
As of August 5, 2016 there were 21,274,149 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $.01 per share, outstanding.



Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
INDEX 
 
 
Page
PART 1. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART 2. OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EX-101
 
 
 
 
 


1


Part 1. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited)
(In millions, except share and per share data)
 
 
7/10/2016

12/27/2015
Current assets:



Cash and cash equivalents
$
7.9


$
9.1

Accounts and current notes receivable, net
9.7


9.2

Other current assets
5.0


8.5

Advertising cooperative assets, restricted
32.9


35.4

Total current assets
55.5


62.2

Long-term assets:



Property and equipment, net
98.9


97.7

Goodwill
11.1


11.1

Trademarks and other intangible assets, net
94.0


94.2

Other long-term assets, net
0.8


0.8

Total long-term assets
204.8


203.8

Total assets
$
260.3


$
266.0

Current liabilities:



Accounts payable
$
6.4


$
6.7

Other current liabilities
7.6


13.1

Current debt maturities
0.5


0.3

Advertising cooperative liabilities
32.9


35.4

Total current liabilities
47.4


55.5

Long-term liabilities:



Long-term debt
145.9


111.6

Deferred credits and other long-term liabilities
41.1


39.3

Total long-term liabilities
187.0


150.9

Commitments and contingencies





Shareholders’ equity:



Preferred stock ($.01 par value; 2,500,000 shares authorized; 0 shares issued and outstanding)



Common stock ($.01 par value; 150,000,000 shares authorized; 21,450,410 and 22,449,697 shares issued and outstanding at July 10, 2016 and December 27, 2015, respectively)
0.2


0.2

Capital in excess of par value



Accumulated earnings
26.2


59.6

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(0.5
)

(0.2
)
Total shareholders’ equity
25.9


59.6

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
260.3


$
266.0

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


2


Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited)
(In millions, except per share data)
 
 
12 Weeks Ended

28 Weeks Ended
 
7/10/2016

7/12/2015

7/10/2016

7/12/2015
Revenues:







Sales by Company-operated restaurants
$
25.2


$
25.1


$
59.8


$
59.8

Franchise royalties and fees
35.3


33.0


81.0


76.1

Rent from franchised restaurants
1.2


1.3


3.1


3.0

Total revenues
61.7


59.4


143.9


138.9

Expenses:







Restaurant food, beverages and packaging
8.0


8.1


18.9


19.4

Restaurant employee, occupancy and other expenses
12.5


12.1


29.2


28.0

General and administrative expenses
20.8


19.0


49.5


44.3

Occupancy expenses - franchise restaurants
0.6


0.7


1.5


1.6

Depreciation and amortization
2.3


2.3


5.3


5.2

Other expenses (income), net


(0.3
)

(0.1
)

(0.2
)
Total expenses
44.2


41.9


104.3


98.3

Operating profit
17.5


17.5


39.6


40.6

Interest expense, net
1.0


0.8


2.3


1.9

Income before income taxes
16.5


16.7


37.3


38.7

Income tax expense
6.2


6.4


14.1


14.8

Net income
$
10.3


$
10.3


$
23.2


$
23.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share, basic:
$
0.48


$
0.45


$
1.06


$
1.04

Earnings per common share, diluted:
$
0.47


$
0.44


$
1.05


$
1.03

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
21.6


22.9


21.9


22.9

Diluted
21.8


23.2


22.1


23.3

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


3


Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (unaudited)
(In millions)
 
 
12 Weeks Ended
 
28 Weeks Ended
 
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
 
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
Net income
$
10.3

 
$
10.3

 
$
23.2

 
$
23.9

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized derivative losses arising during the period
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.7
)
 
(0.7
)
Reclassification of derivative losses into net income
0.1

 
0.1

 
0.3

 
0.3

Other comprehensive (loss), before income taxes

 

 
(0.4
)
 
(0.4
)
Income tax benefit on other comprehensive (loss)

 

 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
Other comprehensive (loss), net of income taxes

 

 
(0.3
)
 
(0.3
)
Comprehensive income
$
10.3

 
$
10.3

 
$
22.9

 
$
23.6

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


4


Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity (unaudited)
(In millions, except share data)
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
 
 
Number of Shares         
 
Amount
 
Capital in
Excess of Par
 
Accumulated Earnings
 
 
Total    
Balance at December 27, 2015
22,449,697

 
$
0.2

 
$

 
$
59.6

 
$
(0.2
)
 
$
59.6

Net income

 

 

 
23.2

 

 
23.2

Other comprehensive loss, net of
income tax

 

 

 

 
(0.3
)
 
(0.3
)
Repurchases and retirement of shares
(1,086,950
)
 

 
(3.4
)
 
(56.6
)
 

 
(60.0
)
Issuance of common stock under stock
 option plan
26,167

 

 
0.4

 

 

 
0.4

Issuance of restricted stock awards,
net of forfeitures
61,496

 

 
(2.4
)
 

 

 
(2.4
)
Excess tax benefits from stock-based
 compensation

 

 
1.5

 

 

 
1.5

  Stock-based compensation expense

 

 
3.9

 

 

 
3.9

Balance at July 10, 2016
21,450,410

 
$
0.2

 
$

 
$
26.2

 
$
(0.5
)
 
$
25.9

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


5


Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)
(In millions)
 
28 Weeks Ended
 
7/10/2016

7/12/2015
Cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities:



Net income
$
23.2


$
23.9

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:



Depreciation and amortization
5.3


5.2

Net (gain) loss on sale and disposal of assets
(0.1
)

(0.2
)
Deferred income taxes
(0.5
)

0.5

Non-cash interest expense, net
0.3


0.2

Excess tax benefits from stock-based payment arrangements
(1.5
)

(6.7
)
Stock-based compensation expense
3.9


3.2

Change in operating assets and liabilities:



Accounts receivable
(0.4
)

0.2

Other operating assets
4.9


6.5

Accounts payable and other operating liabilities
(6.2
)

(5.3
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
28.9


27.5

Cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities:



Capital expenditures
(5.3
)

(7.9
)
Proceeds from dispositions of property and equipment
0.2


0.1

Net cash used in investing activities
(5.1
)

(7.8
)
Cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities:



Principal payments — 2013 credit facility
(109.0
)


Borrowings under 2016 credit facility
143.5



Share repurchases
(60.0
)

(26.0
)
Proceeds from exercise of employee stock options
0.4


1.0

Excess tax benefits from stock-based payment arrangements
1.5


6.7

Debt issuance costs
(1.1
)
 

Other financing activities, net
(0.3
)

(0.3
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(25.0
)

(18.6
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
(1.2
)

1.1

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
9.1


8.4

Cash and cash equivalents at end of quarter
$
7.9


$
9.5

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


6


Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Note 1 — Description of Business
Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc. (“PLKI” or the “Company”) develops, operates and franchises quick-service restaurants under the trade names Popeyes ® Louisiana Kitchen and Popeyes ® Chicken & Biscuits (collectively “Popeyes”) in 48 states, the District of Columbia, three territories, and 26 foreign countries.
Note 2 — Significant Accounting Policies
The Company’s significant accounting policies are presented in Note 2 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 27, 2015, which are contained in the Company’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “2015 Form 10-K”). The significant accounting policies that are most critical and aid in fully understanding and evaluating the reported financial results include the following:
Basis of Presentation. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, certain information required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements is not included. The Consolidated Balance Sheet data as of December 27, 2015 that is presented herein was derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year then ended. The condensed consolidated financial statements as of July 10, 2016, have not been audited by the Company’s independent registered public accountants, but in the opinion of management, they contain all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations for the interim periods presented. Interim period operating results are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full fiscal year. The Company suggests that the accompanying financial statements be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the 2015 Form 10-K. Except as disclosed herein, there has been no material change in the information disclosed in the notes to our consolidated financial statements included in the 2015 Form 10-K.
Use of Estimates. The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the Company’s management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities. These estimates affect the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Revenue Recognition — Franchise Operations.  Revenues from franchising activities include development fees associated with a franchisee’s planned development of a specified number of restaurants within a defined geographic territory, franchise fees associated with the opening of new restaurants, renewal fees associated with the renewal of franchise agreements, transfer fees for the transfer of a restaurant to another entity, and ongoing royalty fees which are generally based on five percent of net restaurant sales. Development fees and franchise fees are recorded as deferred franchise revenue when received and are recognized as revenue when the restaurants covered by the fees are opened or all material services or conditions relating to the fees have been substantially performed or satisfied by the Company. The Company recognizes royalty revenues as earned. Franchise renewal fees are recognized when a renewal agreement becomes effective.
 
12 Weeks Ended
 
28 Weeks Ended
(In millions)
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
 
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
Franchise royalties
$
34.3

 
$
32.2

 
$
78.6

 
$
73.8

Franchise fees
1.0

 
0.8

 
2.4

 
2.3

Franchise royalties and fees
$
35.3

 
$
33.0

 
$
81.0

 
$
76.1

Derivative Financial Instruments.  The Company uses interest rate swap agreements to reduce its interest rate risk on its floating rate debt under the terms of its credit facility. The Company recognizes all derivatives on the balance sheet at fair value. At inception and on an on-going basis, the Company assesses whether each derivative that qualifies for hedge accounting continues to be highly effective in offsetting changes in the cash flows of the hedged item. If the derivative meets the hedge criteria as defined by certain accounting standards, changes in the fair value of the derivative are recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) until the hedged item is recognized in earnings. The ineffective portion of a derivative’s change in fair value, if any, is immediately recognized in earnings.

7


Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)




Revisions. To conform with current year presentation, a revision was made to the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the twelve and twenty-eight week periods ended July 12, 2015 to reflect the reclassification of derivative losses into net income separate from unrealized derivative losses arising during the period. The reclassification of derivative losses into net income was $0.1 million and $0.3 million for the twelve and twenty-eight weeks ended July 12, 2015, respectively. The revision had no impact on other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes. The reclassifications noted above represent corrections that are not deemed material, individually or in the aggregate, to the prior period consolidated financial statements.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements. In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2015-3, “Interest -Imputation of Interest: Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs.” The update issued guidance that requires debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the associated debt liability, consistent with the presentation a debt discount. The Company adopted ASU 2015-3 in the first quarter of 2016 and for all retrospective periods as required. The Company had $1.5 million and $0.7 million of debt issuance costs at July 10, 2016 and December 27, 2015, respectively. The reclassification for debt issuance costs resulted in a decrease to Other long-term assets, net and a decrease to Long-term debt on the Company’s December 27, 2015 condensed consolidated balance sheet.
In June 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-12, “Compensation - Stock Compensation.” This guidance required that a performance target for a share-based payment award that affects vesting and that could be achieved after the requisite service period be treated as a performance condition. The performance condition should not be reflected in the grant date fair value of the award. Compensation cost should be recognized in the period which it becomes probable that the performance target will be achieved and should represent the compensation cost attributable to the period for which the requisite service has already been rendered. The Company already applied the standards proscribed in this guidance so it did not have an impact to the consolidated financial statements presented when adopted in the first quarter of 2016.
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, “Income Taxes: Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes”, to simplify the classification of deferred tax assets and liabilities in a classified statement of financial position. Under the new guidance, all deferred income tax liabilities and assets are to be classified as non-current in a classified statement of financial position. The standard is effective retrospectively for all periods presented for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company early adopted this standard in the first quarter of 2016 and retrospectively adjusted the prior period, resulting in a $0.8 million reclassification of Other Current Liabilities to Deferred Credits and Other Long-Term Liabilities on the Company’s December 27, 2015 condensed consolidated balance sheet.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements That the Company Has Not Yet Adopted. In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”, which is guidance for recognizing revenue in contracts with customers across all industries. This guidance requires entities to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The standard allows for either a full retrospective or modified retrospective transition method. This guidance will be effective for our fiscal 2018 which begins on January 1, 2018. The guidance is not expected to impact our recognition of sales from Company-operated restaurants, ongoing royalty fees which are based on a percentage of franchise sales, or rent from franchised restaurants which is composed of rental income and other fees associated with properties leased or subleased to franchisees. We are continuing to evaluate the impact the adoption of this standard will have on the recognition of development, franchise, renewal and other franchise fees.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-2, “Leases,” which amends the current lease standards by requiring companies to recognize a right-of-use asset, a lease liability for all operating and capital leases (financing) with lease terms greater that twelve months, and disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements. This guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018 (fiscal 2019 for the Company), and early adoption is permitted. We have not yet determined the effect of the adoption on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-9, “Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting”. This guidance changes how companies account for certain aspects of share-based payment awards to employees including the accounting for income taxes, forfeitures, and statutory tax withholding requirements, as well as classification in the statement of cash flows. This standard is effective for the reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 (fiscal 2017 for the Company). We have not yet determined the effect of the adoption on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

8


Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)




We have reviewed other recently issued accounting pronouncements by the FASB and other standards-setting bodies and concluded that they are either not applicable to our business or are not expected to have a material impact on the financial statements upon adoption.
Note 3 — Other Current Assets

(In millions)
7/10/2016
 
12/27/2015
Prepaid income taxes
$
0.7

 
$
3.6

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
4.3

 
4.9

Total
$
5.0

 
$
8.5

Note 4 — Other Current Liabilities
 
(In millions)
7/10/2016
 
12/27/2015
Accrued wages, bonuses and severances
$
4.6

 
$
8.7

Other
3.0

 
4.4

Total
$
7.6

 
$
13.1


Note 5 — Fair Value Measurements
The following table reflects assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of July 10, 2016 and December 27, 2015:
 
(In millions)
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Asset or
Liability
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Carrying
Value
July 10, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
6.7

 
$

 
$

 
$
6.7

Total assets at fair value
$
6.7

 
$

 
$

 
$
6.7

Financial Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long term debt and other borrowings
$

 
$
149.9

 
$

 
$
147.9

Interest rate swap agreement

 
0.8

 

 
0.8

Total liabilities at fair value
$

 
$
150.7

 
$

 
$
148.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
9.6

 
$

 
$

 
$
9.6

Restricted cash (advertising cooperative assets)
4.3

 

 

 
4.3

Total assets at fair value
$
13.9

 
$

 
$

 
$
13.9

Financial Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long term debt and other borrowings
$

 
$
115.5

 
$

 
$
112.6

Interest rate swap agreement

 
0.4

 

 
0.4

Total liabilities at fair value
$

 
$
115.9

 
$

 
$
113.0

There were no transfers among levels within the fair value hierarchy during the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016.
At July 10, 2016 and December 27, 2015, the fair value of the Company’s current assets and current liabilities approximates carrying value because of the short-term nature of these instruments.

9


Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)




The fair value of the Company’s interest rate swap at July 10, 2016 and December 27, 2015, respectively, was based on the sum of all future net present value cash flows. The future cash flows are derived based on the terms of our interest rate swap, as well as considering published discount factors, and projected London Interbank Offered Rates (“LIBOR”). The fair value of each of the Company’s long-term debt instruments is based on the amount of future cash flows associated with each instrument, discounted using the Company’s current borrowing rate for a similar debt instrument of comparable maturity and is considered a Level 2 valuation.
Note 6 — Long-term Debt
 
 
(In millions)
 
7/10/2016
 
12/27/2015
2013 Revolving Credit Facility
 
$

 
$
109.0

2016 Revolving Credit Facility
 
143.5

 

Capital lease obligations
 
2.2

 
2.2

Promissory note
 
1.0

 

Other notes
 
1.2

 
1.4

 
 
147.9

 
112.6

Less current portion
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.3
)
Less unamortized debt issuance costs
 
(1.5
)
 
(0.7
)
Long-term debt
 
$
145.9

 
$
111.6

2016 Revolving Credit Facility. On January 22, 2016, the Company entered into a five-year $250.0 million secured revolving credit facility (the “2016 Revolving Credit Facility”) that replaced the Company’s 2013 revolving credit facility (the “2013 Revolving Credit Facility”) that consisted of a five-year $135.0 million revolving credit facility.
Under the terms of the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility, the Company can request additional revolving loan commitments of up to $150.0 million. The Company may also obtain other short-term borrowings up to $10.0 million and letters of credit up to $20.0 million. Collectively, these other borrowings and letters of credit may not exceed the amount of unused borrowings under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility. As of July 10, 2016, the Company had $0.1 million of outstanding letters of credit. Availability for short-term borrowings and letters of credit under the revolving credit facility was $106.4 million as of July 10, 2016. Other key terms in the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility include the following:
The Company must maintain a Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio of less than or equal to 4.00 to 1.0.
The Company must maintain a Minimum Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio of greater than or equal to 1.25 to 1.0.
The Company may repurchase and retire its common shares when the Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio is less than or equal to 3.50 to 1.0 (subject to certain conditions).
Borrowings under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility will bear interest based upon the LIBOR Rate or the Base Rate (each as defined in the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility) plus an applicable margin based on the Company’s Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio (as defined in the facility). The borrowings currently bear interest at the LIBOR Rate plus 1.50%, the same as in the prior facility. The Company will pay (quarterly in arrears) an annual commitment fee based on its Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio on the unused portions of the facility.
As of the end of the second quarter 2016, the Company was in compliance with the financial and other covenants of the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility. The Company’s weighted average interest rate for all outstanding indebtedness under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility, including fixed and floating rate debt, was 2.4% as of July 10, 2016.
Promissory Note. On February 12, 2016, the Company entered into a five-year $1.0 million promissory note for the purchase of land. Under the terms of the promissory note, the Company will pay five equal annual installments of $0.2 million plus 1.75% interest beginning in the first quarter 2017.

10


Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)




Interest Rate Swap Agreements. The Company uses interest rate swap agreements to fix the interest rate exposure on a portion of its outstanding revolving debt. On December 16, 2014 and June 15, 2015 the Company entered into interest rate swap contracts effective January 5, 2015 and July 6, 2015, respectively. The Company’s interest rate swap contracts limit the interest rate exposure on $85 million of floating rate debt borrowed under its 2016 Revolving Credit Facility to a fixed rate of 2.70%. The swap agreements are scheduled to expire January 5, 2018.
The Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Statement of Operations
Amount of Loss Reclassified from AOCI to Income
 
12 Weeks Ended
 
28 Weeks Ended
($ in Millions)
7/10/16
 
7/12/15
 
7/10/16
 
7/12/15
Interest expense, net
$
0.1

 
$
0.1

 
$
0.3

 
$
0.3


Note 7 — Deferred Credits and Other Long-Term Liabilities
(In millions)
7/10/2016
 
12/27/2015
Deferred franchise revenues
$
7.7

 
$
5.4

Deferred rentals
7.9

 
8.1

Deferred income taxes
19.9

 
20.5

Other long-term liabilities
5.6

 
5.3

Total
$
41.1

 
$
39.3

Note 8 — Other Expenses (Income), Net
 
12 Weeks Ended
 
28 Weeks Ended
(In millions)
7/10/2016

 
7/12/2015

 
7/10/2016

 
7/12/2015

Net gain on sale of assets

 
(0.1
)
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
(0.2
)
Executive transition expenses

 
0.2

 

 
0.4

Recoveries under Settlement Program

 
(0.4
)
 

 
(0.4
)
Other expenses (income), net
$

 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
(0.2
)
During the second quarter 2015, the Company received $0.4 million in settlement of its outstanding claims filed pursuant to the Deepwater Horizon Economic and Property Damages Settlement Program (“Settlement Program”).
Note 9 — Commitments and Contingencies
Litigation. The Company is a defendant in various legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business, including claims resulting from “slip and fall” accidents, employment-related claims, claims from guests or employees alleging illness, injury or other food quality, health or operational concerns and claims related to franchise matters. The Company establishes reserves to provide for the settlement of such matters when payment is probable and reasonably estimable. The Company’s management believes their ultimate resolution will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or its results of operations.
Insurance Programs. The Company carries property, general liability, business interruption, crime, directors and officers liability, privacy and network liability, employment practices liability, environmental and workers’ compensation insurance policies which it believes are customary for businesses of its size and type. Pursuant to the terms of their franchise agreements, the Company’s franchisees are also required to maintain certain types and levels of insurance coverage, including commercial general liability insurance, workers’ compensation insurance, all risk property and automobile insurance.


11


Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)




Note 10 — Interest Expense, Net
 
  
12 Weeks Ended
 
28 Weeks Ended
(In millions)
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
 
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
Interest on debt
$
0.7

 
$
0.5

 
$
1.5

 
$
1.2

Reclassification of derivative losses from AOCI
0.1

 
0.1

 
0.3

 
0.3

Amortization and write-offs of debt issuance costs
0.1

 
0.1

 
0.3

 
0.1

Other debt related charges, net
0.1

 
0.1

 
0.2

 
0.3

Total
$
1.0

 
$
0.8

 
$
2.3

 
$
1.9


The $0.2 million and $0.4 million increases in interest expense on debt for the twelve and twenty eight week periods ended July 10, 2016 were primarily due to higher outstanding borrowing under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility. The increase in amortization and write-offs of debt issuance costs of $0.2 million for the twenty eight week period ending July 10, 2016 includes the write-off of debt issuance costs of $0.1 million associated with the replacement of the 2013 Revolving Credit Facility.
Note 11 — Income Taxes
The Company’s effective tax rates were 37.6% and 38.3% for the twelve week periods ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015, respectively. The Company’s effective tax rates were 37.8% and 38.2% for the twenty-eight week periods ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015, respectively. The lower effective tax rate for the twenty-eight week period ended July 10, 2016 is primarily due to the re-enactment of research and employment credits through 2019. No credits were recorded in the twelve or twenty-eight week period ended July 12, 2015. The Company’s effective tax rates differ from statutory rates due to adjustments to estimated tax reserves, tax credits and permanent differences between reported income and taxable income for tax purposes.
 
The amount of unrecognized tax benefits were approximately $1.3 million as of July 10, 2016 and December 27, 2015, of which approximately $0.1 million, if recognized, would affect the effective income tax rate.
The Company files income tax returns with the United States federal government and with various state jurisdictions. The U.S. federal tax years 2011 through 2014 are open to audit. In general, the state tax years open to audit range from 2011 through 2014.
Note 12 — Components of Earnings Per Common Share Computation
The Company’s basic earnings per share calculation is computed based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding. The diluted earnings per share calculation is computed based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding adjusted by the number of additional shares that would have been outstanding had the potentially dilutive common shares been issued. Potentially dilutive common shares include employee stock options, non-vested restricted stock awards and non-vested restricted share units. Performance based awards are included in the average diluted shares outstanding each period if the performance criteria have been met at the end of the respective periods.

Potentially dilutive shares are excluded from the diluted earnings per share computation in periods in which they have an anti-dilutive effect. There were approximately 0.1 million potentially dilutive shares excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share for the twelve and twenty-eight week periods ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015, respectively.

  
12 Weeks Ended
 
28 Weeks Ended
(In millions)
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
 
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
Net Income
$
10.3

 
$
10.3

 
$
23.2

 
$
23.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator for basic earnings per share — weighted average shares
21.6

 
22.9

 
21.9

 
22.9

Dilutive employee stock awards
0.2

 
0.3

 
0.2

 
0.4

Denominator for diluted earnings per share
21.8

 
23.2

 
22.1

 
23.3

 

12


Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)




Note 13 — Segment Information
The Company is engaged in developing, operating and franchising Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen quick-service restaurants. Based on its internal reporting and management structure, the Company has determined that it has two reportable segments: franchise operations and Company-operated restaurants. The Company-operated restaurant segment derives its revenues from the operation of Company-owned restaurants. The franchise segment consists of domestic and international franchising activities and derives its revenues principally from (1) ongoing royalty payments that are determined based on a percentage of franchisee sales; (2) franchise fees associated with new restaurant openings; (3) development fees associated with the opening of new franchised restaurants in a given market; and (4) rental income associated with properties leased or subleased to franchisees.

  
12 Weeks Ended
 
28 Weeks Ended
(In millions)
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
 
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Franchise operations
$
36.5

 
$
34.3

 
$
84.1

 
$
79.1

Company-operated restaurants
25.2

 
25.1

 
59.8

 
59.8

 
$
61.7

 
$
59.4

 
$
143.9

 
$
138.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating profit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Franchise operations
$
16.3

 
$
15.8

 
$
35.8

 
$
36.0

Company-operated restaurants
3.5

 
3.7

 
9.0

 
9.6

 
19.8

 
19.5

 
44.8

 
45.6

Less unallocated expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
2.3

 
2.3

 
5.3

 
5.2

Other expenses (income), net

 
(0.3
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.2
)
Operating Profit
17.5

 
17.5

 
39.6

 
40.6

Interest expense, net
1.0

 
0.8

 
2.3

 
1.9

Income before income taxes
$
16.5

 
$
16.7

 
$
37.3

 
$
38.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Franchise operations
$
0.5

 
$
0.3

 
$
1.3

 
$
0.6

Company-operated restaurants
1.4

 
1.9

 
4.0

 
7.3

Total
$
1.9

 
$
2.2

 
$
5.3

 
$
7.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


13



Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis for Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc. (“PLKI,” “Popeyes” or the “Company”) should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part 1, Item 1 of this quarterly report and in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form10-K for the fiscal year ended December 27, 2015 (the “2015 Form 10-K”).
Popeyes Profile
Popeyes was founded in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1972 and is the world’s second largest quick-service chicken concept, based on the number of units. Within the Quick Service Restaurant (“QSR”) industry, Popeyes distinguishes itself with a unique “Louisiana” style menu that features spicy chicken, chicken tenders, fried shrimp and other seafood, red beans and rice and other regional items. Popeyes is a highly differentiated QSR brand with a passion for its Louisiana heritage and flavorful authentic food.
As of July 10, 2016, we operated and franchised 2,594 Popeyes restaurants in 48 states, the District of Columbia, three territories, and 26 foreign countries.
Total Operating Restaurants as of:
7/10/2016
 
12/27/2015
Domestic restaurants:
 
 
 
Company-operated
71

 
70

Franchised
1,934

 
1,900

International restaurants:
 
 
 
Franchised
589

 
569

Total
2,594

 
2,539


Our Business Strategy
In February 2016, the Company defined a set of growth goals to deliver over the next seven to ten years:
Drive our domestic restaurant average unit volumes from $1.4 million to $2.0 million;
Drive domestic franchisee profitability from $333,000 to $500,000 per restaurant; and
Continue to expand Popeyes brand globally, increasing restaurant count from 2,500 to 4,000 restaurants.
To deliver these growth goals, the Company introduced its next generation strategic roadmap organized around three strategic pillars:
1.
Louisiana Heritage the source of our relevant, distinctive brand.
2.
Passionate Teams our conviction that people drive restaurant profitability.
3.
Routine Excellence our commitment to consistent operational excellence in our restaurants.
The first pillar is our Louisiana Heritage, marking the rich traditions of Popeyes’ birthplace and differentiating us from all our competitors. Our Louisiana Heritage will serve as the foundation on which everything else is built. The characteristics of Louisiana provide a platform for ongoing culinary innovation, creating distinctive building design, exuding warm Louisiana hospitality, and giving back to the communities where we serve.
Our second strategic pillar, Passionate Teams, represents our belief in people as the driver of profitability. Engaged passionate teams will deliver a superior guest experience that results in more loyal customers that revisit our Popeyes restaurants more often, driving sales and profits for our franchisees and shareholder returns for our investors.
Our third strategic pillar, Routine Excellence, is about delivering operational consistency in our restaurants.
The three strategic pillars will be enabled by ONE Technology, an initiative to build a common technology platform for the Popeyes system that will bring together innovative systems to better support our restaurant general managers, while improving the experience of our team members and guests.
We will continue to accelerate our international unit growth. Our primary focus will be the traditional franchising model, supported with brand-building media and innovative new products to create awareness and trial of our Louisiana Heritage.  We will selectively consider direct capital investments where we believe opportunities exist to unlock new unit growth.
Additionally, we will continue to make select investments in domestic Company-operated restaurants to lead the system on matters such as real estate selection, store design and layout, and people practices.
Binding our culture and our new roadmap together is our brand purpose, “Food That Ignites Our Desire to Serve”. Our brand purpose and the principles that support it are a meaningful belief system that defines our food, our people and our focus on the guest. These beliefs will guide our franchisees, restaurant general managers, and team members in a way that we believe will sustain superior performance results.
Second Quarter 2016 Highlights

Total revenues increased 3.9% to $61.7 million, compared to $59.4 million in the second quarter of 2015. The $2.3 million increase in revenues was primarily due to $2.1 million increase in franchise royalties and a $0.2 million increase in franchise fees. Franchise royalties were driven by net unit growth and positive same store sales.
Reported net income was $10.3 million, or $0.47 per diluted share, compared to $10.3 million, or $0.44 per diluted share in the second quarter 2015. Adjusted earnings per diluted share was $0.47 in the second quarter of 2016 compared to $0.44 in the second quarter of 2015. Both earnings per diluted share and adjusted earnings per diluted share had a year over year growth of 6.8%. Adjusted earnings per diluted share is a supplemental non-GAAP measure of performance. See the heading entitled “Management’s Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
Total system-wide sales increased by 6.5% in the second quarter 2016 as a result of net new unit growth and same-store sales performance.
Global same-store sales increased 0.7% in 2016 compared to a 7.5% increase in the second quarter of 2015.
Total domestic same-store sales were flat, compared to a 7.9% increase in the second quarter of 2015. Popeyes increased its domestic market share of the chicken-QSR category to a record high 26.6%, compared to 25.4% in the second quarter of 2015.
International same-store sales increased 6.4%, compared to a 4.3% increase in the second quarter of 2015 marking the 26th consecutive quarter of positive international same-store sales growth.
Sales by Company-operated restaurants were $25.2 million in the second quarter compared to $25.1 million last year. Company-operated restaurant operating profit was $4.7 million, or 18.7% of sales, compared to $4.9 million, or 19.5% of sales, in the second quarter of 2015. The decrease in restaurant operating profit was primarily due to lower sales in our new markets and higher labor costs which were partially offset by lower chicken and grocery basket costs. Company-operated restaurant operating profit and Company-operated restaurant operating profit margin are supplemental non-GAAP measures of performance.  See the heading entitled “Management’s Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
Operating EBITDA was $19.8 million, or 32.1% of total revenue, in the second quarter, compared to $19.5 million, or 32.8% of total revenue, last year.  Operating EBITDA is a supplemental non-GAAP measure of performance. See the heading entitled “Management’s Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.” The $0.3 million increase in Operating EBITDA was primarily due to a $2.3 million increase in franchise royalties and fees partially offset by a $1.8 million planned increase in general and administrative expenses to support the Company’s new strategic roadmap and a $0.2 million decrease in Company-operated restaurant operating profit.
Through the first 28 weeks of fiscal 2016, free cash flow was $23.6 million, compared to $19.6 million in 2015. Free cash flow is a supplemental non-GAAP measure of performance. See the heading entitled “Management’s Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
The Popeyes system opened 43 restaurants, which included 23 domestic and 20 international restaurants, compared to 37 total openings in the same period of last year. Net new restaurant openings were 36, compared to 31 net new restaurant openings in the same period last year.
As of the end of the second quarter, the Company operated and franchised 2,594 restaurants, compared to 2,443 at the end of the second quarter in 2015, representing a net new unit growth of 6.2% over the last twelve months.
The Company repurchased 532,864 shares of its common stock for approximately $30.0 million in the second quarter.



14




A summary of our financial results and key operational metrics is presented below:  
 
12 Weeks Ended

28 Weeks Ended
(Dollars in millions except per share data)
7/10/2016

7/12/2015

7/10/2016

7/12/2015
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales by Company-operated restaurants
$
25.2

 
$
25.1

 
$
59.8

 
$
59.8

Franchise royalties and fees (a)
35.3

 
33.0

 
81.0

 
76.1

Rent from franchised restaurants
1.2

 
1.3

 
3.1

 
3.0

Total revenues
$
61.7

 
$
59.4

 
$
143.9

 
$
138.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating profit
$
17.5

 
$
17.5

 
$
39.6

 
$
40.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
10.3

 
$
10.3

 
$
23.2

 
$
23.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share, basic
$
0.48

 
$
0.45

 
$
1.06

 
$
1.04

Earnings per common share, diluted
$
0.47

 
$
0.44

 
$
1.05

 
$
1.03

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Global system-wide sales increase
6.5
 %
 
13.6
%
 
6.5
 %
 
13.7
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Same-store sales increase (b)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Company-operated restaurants
(4.3
)%

2.3
%

(3.2
)%

1.6
%
Domestic franchised restaurants
0.2
 %

8.1
%

0.8
 %

7.7
%
Total domestic (Company-operated and franchised restaurants)
 %

7.9
%

0.6
 %

7.5
%
International franchised restaurants
6.4
 %

4.3
%

6.2
 %

5.3
%
Total global system
0.7
 %

7.5
%

1.2
 %

7.2
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Company-operated restaurants (all domestic)



 
 
 
 
Restaurants at beginning of period
70


66


70


65

New restaurant openings
1


1


1


2

Restaurants at quarter-end
71


67

 
71

 
67

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Franchised restaurants (domestic and international)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restaurants at beginning of period
2,499


2,354


2,469


2,314

New restaurant openings
42


36


86


88

Permanent closings
(7
)

(6
)

(26
)

(24
)
Temporary (closings)/re-openings, net
(11
)

(8
)

(6
)

(2
)
Restaurants at quarter-end
2,523

 
2,376

 
2,523

 
2,376

Total system restaurants
2,594

 
2,443

 
2,594

 
2,443


(a)
Franchise revenues are principally comprised of royalty payments from franchisees that are based upon franchisee sales. While franchisee sales are not recorded as revenue by the Company, we believe they are important in understanding the Company’s financial performance and overall financial health, given the Company’s strategic focus on growing its overall business through franchising. For the second quarter of 2016 and 2015, franchisee sales, as reported by our franchisees, were approximately $731.7 million and $685.8 million, respectively. For the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015, franchisee sales, as reported by our franchisees, were approximately $1,677.6 million and $1,572.3 million, respectively.
(b)
Same-store sales statistics exclude temporarily and permanently closed restaurants and stores that have been open for less than 65 weeks. Unit conversions are included immediately upon conversion. Temporary closings are excluded from same- store sales for the period they are closed.

15



Fiscal 2016 Guidance

Based on performance through the second quarter, the Company is making the following adjustments to guidance for the full-year fiscal 2016:

System-wide same-store sales growth in the range of 1.0% to 2.0%, a decrease from previous guidance in the range of 2.0% to 3.0%.
Two new Company-operated restaurant openings, a decrease from previous guidance of three to five.

In addition, the Company reiterates the following guidance for full-year fiscal 2016:

New restaurant openings in the range of 200 to 235, including approximately 85 to 100 internationally.
Net new restaurant openings in the range of 140 to 185, for a net new unit growth rate of approximately 6% to 7%.
General and administrative expenses to be approximately 2.9% to 3.0% of system-wide sales, maintaining an investment rate that supports long-term growth.
Capital expenditures to be in the range of $10 million to $15 million, including approximately $10 million for new Company-operated restaurants and other capital improvements at existing restaurants.
Earnings per diluted share and adjusted earnings per diluted share to be in the range of $2.10 to $2.15.
Share repurchases of $80 million to $120 million in outstanding shares, compared to $62 million in 2015, with $60 million purchased from operating cash flows and up to $60 million from additional borrowings.
Effective income tax rate in 2016 to be approximately 38%.
Comparisons of the Second Quarter for 2016 and 2015
Company-operated Restaurants
Sales by Company-operated restaurants were $25.2 million in the second quarter of 2016, a $0.1 million increase from the second quarter of 2015. The increase was primarily due to four net openings over the last four consecutive quarters, partially offset by a same-store sales decrease of 4.3% and lower sales at new openings rolling over high opening volumes.
Company-operated restaurant operating profit (“ROP”) was $4.7 million, or 18.7% of sales, compared to $4.9 million, or 19.5% of sales last year. The $0.2 million decrease in ROP was primarily due to lower sales in our new markets and higher labor costs partially off-set by lower chicken and grocery basket costs. Company-operated restaurant operating profit and Company-operated restaurant operating profit margin are supplemental non-GAAP measures of performance.  See the heading entitled “Management’s Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures”.
Franchise Royalties and Fees
Franchise royalties and fees have three basic components: (1) royalties that are based on a percentage (typically 5%) of franchisee sales; (2) franchise and development fees associated with new unit openings; and (3) renewal, transfer and other franchise fees. Royalties are the largest component of franchise revenues, generally constituting more than 95% of franchise revenues.
Franchise royalties and fees were $35.3 million in the second quarter of 2016, a $2.3 million increase from the second quarter of 2015. The increase was primarily due to a $2.3 million increase in royalty revenue from positive same-store sales and new franchised restaurants and $0.2 million increase in franchise fees and other franchise revenues partially offset by the negative impacts of weakening foreign currencies against the U.S. dollar of approximately $0.2 million.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses were $20.8 million, or 2.7% of system-wide sales, compared to $19.0 million, or 2.7% of system-wide sales last year.

16


The $1.8 million increase in general and administrative expenses was primarily due to planned investments to support our new strategic roadmap, information technology and other general and administrative expenses, specifically:
a $1.0 million increase in domestic franchisee operations support expenses,
a $0.4 million increase in information technology expenses, and
a $0.4 million increase in stock-based compensation expense.
Other Expenses (Income), Net
Other expense (income), net was not significant for the twelve week period ended July 10, 2016 compared to $0.3 million other income, net, last year. In 2015, other income included $0.4 million recovered in the settlement of the Company’s claims pursuant to the Deepwater Horizon Economic and Property Damages Settlement and $0.1 million net gain on the sale and disposal of property and equipment, partially offset by $0.2 million of executive transition expenses.
Operating Profit
Operating profit was $17.5 million, for the second quarter of 2016 and 2015. Fluctuations in the components of revenue and expense giving rise to this change are discussed above. The following is an analysis of the fluctuations in operating profit by business segment. Operating profit for each reportable segment includes operating results directly attributable to each segment.
 
  
12 Weeks Ended
 
  
 
  
(Dollars in millions)
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
 
Fluctuation
 
As a Percent     
Franchise operations
$
16.3

 
$
15.8

 
$
0.5

 
3.2
 %
Company-operated restaurants
3.5

 
3.7

 
(0.2
)
 
(5.4
)%
Operating profit before unallocated expenses
19.8

 
19.5

 
0.3

 
1.5
 %
Less unallocated expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
2.3

 
2.3

 

 
 %
Other expenses (income), net

 
(0.3
)
 
(0.3
)
 
100.0
 %
Operating profit
$
17.5

 
$
17.5

 
$

 
 %
Franchise operations segment operating profit was $16.3 million for the twelve weeks ended July 10, 2016, a $0.5 million or 3.2% increase from 2015. The $0.5 million increase in operating profit was primarily due to a $2.3 million increase in franchise royalties and fees, partially offset by the $1.8 million increase in general and administrative expenses primarily associated with increases in domestic franchisee operations support and information technology.
Company-operated restaurants segment operating profit was $3.5 million for the twelve weeks ended July 10, 2016, a $0.2 million or 5.4% decrease from 2015. The decrease was attributable to the $0.2 million decrease in restaurant operating profit.

Interest Expense, Net
Interest expense, net for the twelve weeks ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015 was $1.0 million and $0.8 million, respectively. The $0.2 million increase in interest expense was primarily due to higher outstanding borrowings under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility.

Income Tax Expense
Income tax expense was $6.2 million at an effective tax rate of 37.6%, compared to $6.4 million and an effective tax rate of 38.3% in 2015. The lower effective tax rate for the second quarter 2016 is primarily due to the re-enactment of research and employment credits through 2019.

17


Comparisons of the Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015
Company-operated Restaurants
Sales by Company-operated restaurants were $59.8 million in the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015. Lower sales from a same store sales decrease of 3.2% and lower sales at new openings rolling over high opening volumes were offset by sales from four net openings over the last four consecutive quarters.
Company-operated restaurant operating profit (“ROP”) was $11.7 million, or 19.6% of sales, compared to $12.4 million million, or 20.7% of sales last year. The $0.7 million decrease in ROP was primarily due to lower sales and restaurant operating profit in our new markets and higher labor costs partially offset by lower chicken and grocery basket costs. Company-operated restaurant operating profit and Company-operated restaurant operating profit margin are supplemental non-GAAP measures of performance.  See the heading entitled “Management’s Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures”.
Franchise Royalties and Fees
Franchise royalties and fees were $81.0 million in the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016, a $4.9 million increase from 2015. The increase was primarily due to a $5.3 million increase in royalty revenue from positive same-store sales and new franchised restaurants and a $0.1 million increase in franchise fees partially offset by the negative impacts of weakening foreign currencies against the U.S. dollar of approximately $0.5 million.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses were $49.5 million, or 2.8% of system-wide sales, compared to $44.3 million, or 2.7% of system-wide sales last year.
The $5.2 million increase in general and administrative expenses was primarily due to planned investments to support our new strategic roadmap, information technology and other general and administrative expenses, specifically:
a $2.5 million increase in domestic franchisee operations support expenses,
a $1.4 million increase in information technology expenses,
a $0.7 million increase in stock-based compensation expense, and
a $0.6 million increase in other general and administrative expenses, net.
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization was $5.3 million compared to $5.2 million in 2015. The $0.1 million increase in depreciation and amortization was primarily attributable to depreciation associated with ownership of additional Company-operated restaurants.
Other Expenses (Income), Net
Other expense (income), net consisted of $0.1 million other income for the twenty-eight week period ended July 10, 2016 compared to $0.2 million other income last year. Other income in 2016 consisted of $0.1 million in net gain on the sale of assets. In 2015, other income included $0.4 million recovered in the settlement of the Company’s claims pursuant to the Deepwater Horizon Economic and Property Damage Settlement Program and $0.2 million net gain on the sale and disposal of property, partially offset by $0.4 million of executive transition expense.
Operating Profit
Operating profit was $39.6 million, a $1.0 million decrease compared to 2015. Fluctuations in the components of revenue and expense giving rise to this change are discussed above. The following is an analysis of the fluctuations in operating profit by business segment. Operating profit for each reportable segment includes operating results directly attributable to each segment.
 

18


  
28 Weeks Ended
 
  
 
  
(Dollars in millions)
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
 
Fluctuation
 
As a Percent     
Franchise operations
$
35.8

 
$
36.0

 
$
(0.2
)
 
(0.6
)%
Company-operated restaurants
9.0

 
9.6

 
(0.6
)
 
(6.3
)%
Operating profit before unallocated expenses
44.8

 
45.6

 
(0.8
)
 
(1.8
)%
Less unallocated expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
5.3

 
5.2

 
(0.1
)
 
(1.9
)%
Other expenses (income), net
(0.1
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(0.1
)
 
50.0
 %
Operating profit
$
39.6

 
$
40.6

 
$
(1.0
)
 
(2.5
)%
Franchise operations segment operating profit was $35.8 million for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016, a $0.2 million or 0.6% decrease from 2015. The $0.2 million decrease in operating profit was primarily due to the $5.3 million increase in general and administrative expenses primarily associated with increases in domestic franchisee operations and information technology support, business conference expenses and other administrative expenses, partially offset by a $4.9 million increase in franchise royalties and fees and by a $0.2 million increase in rent from franchised restaurants, net of occupancy expenses.
Company-operated restaurants segment operating profit was $9.0 million for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016, a $0.6 million or 6.3% decrease from 2015. The decrease was primarily attributable to the $0.7 million decrease in restaurant operating profit partially offset by a $0.1 million decrease in above restaurant general and administrative support costs, net.
Interest Expense, Net
Interest expense, net for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015 was $2.3 million and $1.9 million, respectively. The $0.4 million increase in interest expense was primarily due to higher outstanding borrowing under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility and higher amortization of debt issuance costs.
Income Tax Expense
Income tax expense was $14.1 million at an effective tax rate of 37.8%, compared to $14.8 million and an effective tax rate of 38.2% in 2015. The lower effective tax rate for 2016 is primarily due to the re-enactment of research and employment credits through 2019.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We finance our business activities with cash flows generated from our operating activities and borrowings under our credit facility.
Based primarily upon our generation of cash flow from operations, our existing cash reserves (approximately $7.9 million as of July 10, 2016), available borrowings under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility (approximately $106.4 million available as of July 10, 2016) and the ability to request incremental revolving credit commitments up to an additional $150.0 million under the 2016 Credit Facility, we believe that we will have adequate cash flow to meet our anticipated future requirements for working capital, including various contractual obligations and expected capital expenditures.
Our franchise model provides diverse and reliable cash flows. Net cash provided by operating activities of the Company was $28.9 million and $27.5 million for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015, respectively. The $1.4 million increase in cash flows from operating activities was primarily due to a $5.2 million decrease in excess tax benefits from stock-based payment arrangements and a $0.7 million increase in stock-based compensation expense partially offset by $0.8 million decrease in Operating EBITDA, a $0.9 million dollar increase in income tax payments, a $0.4 million increase in interest payments, and $2.4 million decrease in changes to other operating assets and liabilities, net.
Our cash flows from operating activities and available borrowings allow us to reinvest in our core business activities that promote the Company’s strategic initiatives. Our priorities in the use of available cash after investment in growth strategies are to repurchase shares of our common stock and to reduce long-term debt.
Net cash used in investing activities was $5.1 million and $7.8 million for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015, respectively. The $2.7 million decrease in investing activities consists of a $2.6 million decrease in capital expenditures and $0.1 million increase in proceeds from the disposition of property and equipment. The $2.6 million decrease in capital expenditures is primarily due to the reduction in construction of new Company-operated restaurants:
 
28 Weeks Ended
(In millions)
7/10/2016
7/12/2015
Construction of new Company-operated restaurants
$
3.6

$
6.9

Information technology and corporate office expansion
1.0

0.6

Other capital assets
0.7

0.4

Total capital expenditures
$
5.3

$
7.9

Net cash used in financing activities was $25.0 million for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016 compared to net cash used in financing activities of $18.6 million for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 12, 2015. The increase of net cash used in financing activities of $6.4 million was primarily due to a $34.0 million increase in share repurchases, a $5.2 million decrease in excess tax benefits from stock-based payment arrangements, and a $1.1 million increase in debt issuance costs, and a $0.6 million decrease in proceeds from the exercise of employee stock options, partially offset by a $34.5 million net borrowings under the credit facilities in 2016.
The Company uses Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio (“Total Leverage Ratio”) to measure compliance with its covenants and borrowing capacity under its 2016 Revolving Credit Facility. The Company also believes that its total leverage ratio is a helpful measure for investors to assess its overall debt leverage, which affects its ability to refinance its long-term debt as it matures, the cost of existing debt, the capacity to incur additional debt to invest in its strategic initiatives, and the ability to repurchase and retire its common shares. The Total Leverage Ratio was 1.6 to 1 and 1.2 to 1 at July 10, 2016 and December 27, 2015, respectively. Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure. See the heading “Management’s Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
The Company is in compliance with all debt covenant requirements.
We repurchased 1,086,950 shares of our common stock for approximately $60.0 million during the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016. The Company also repurchased 176,261 shares of our common stock for approximately $10.0 million after the end of its second quarter 2016. The remaining value of shares that may be repurchased under the Company’s current share repurchase program is now approximately $123.0 million.
Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to adopt accounting policies related to estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period, as well as the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates its accounting policies, estimates and judgments, including those related to long-lived assets, goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets, fair value measurement, income taxes, allowances for accounts and notes receivables, contingent liabilities and stock-based compensation. These policies involve estimations of the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and may significantly impact our quarterly or annual results of operations or financial condition. Changes in the estimates and judgments could significantly affect our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows in future years.
There have been no material changes to the Company’s critical accounting policies and estimates from the information provided in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”, included in the 2015 Form 10-K.
Contractual Obligations
The Company’s material contractual obligations are summarized and included in the 2015 Form 10-K.
Long-Term Debt
For a discussion of our long-term debt, see Note 6 to our condensed consolidated financial statements at Part 1, Item 1 to this quarterly report. That note is hereby incorporated by reference into this Item 2. See Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements in the 2015 Form 10-K for more information about the Company’s long-term debt.

19


Impact of Inflation
The impact of inflation on the cost of food, labor, fuel and energy costs, and other commodities has affected our operating expenses. To the extent permitted by the competitive environment in which we operate, increased costs are partially recovered through menu price increases coupled with purchasing price and productivity improvements.
Accounting Pronouncements That We Have Not Yet Adopted
See Note 2 to our condensed consolidated financial statements at Part 1, Item 1 to this quarterly report for impacts of accounting pronouncements which have been issued but not yet adopted on the Company’s financial position and results of operations. That note is hereby incorporated by reference into this Item 2. See Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements in the 2015 Form 10-K for more information about recent accounting pronouncements that the Company has not yet adopted.
Management’s Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Adjusted earnings per diluted share, operating EBITDA, Company-operated restaurant operating profit, free cash flow and consolidated total leverage ratio are supplemental non-GAAP financial measures. The Company uses adjusted earnings per diluted share, operating EBITDA, Company-operated restaurant operating profit, free cash flow and consolidated total leverage ratio, in addition to earnings per share, net income, operating profit and cash flows from operating activities to assess its performance and believes it is important for investors to be able to evaluate the Company using the same measures used by management. The Company believes these measures are important indicators of its operational strength and the performance of its business. Adjusted earnings per diluted share, operating EBITDA, Company-operated restaurant operating profit, free cash flow and consolidated total leverage ratio as calculated by the Company are not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies. In addition, adjusted earnings per diluted share, operating EBITDA, Company-operated restaurant operating profit, free cash flow and consolidated total leverage ratio: (a) do not represent earnings per share, net income, operating profit or cash flows from operating activities defined by GAAP; (b) are not necessarily indicative of cash available to fund cash flow needs; and (c) should not be considered as an alternative to earnings per share, net income, operating profit, cash flows from operating activities or other financial information determined under GAAP.

Adjusted earnings per diluted share: Calculation and Definition

The Company defines adjusted earnings for the periods presented as the Company’s reported net income after adjusting for certain non-operating items consisting of the following:
i.
other expense (income), net, which included $0.1 million net gain on sale of assets for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016 and $0.1 million and $0.2 million net gain on sales of assets for the twelve and twenty-eight weeks ended July 12, 2015, respectively,
ii.
$0.2 million and $0.4 million in executive transition expenses in the twelve and twenty-eight weeks ended July 12, 2015, respectively,
iii.
other income of $0.4 million for recoveries under the Deepwater Horizon Economic and Property Damages Settlement Program for the twelve and twenty-eight weeks ended July 12, 2015, and
iv.
the tax effect of these adjustments at the effective statutory rates.
Adjusted earnings per diluted share provides the per share effect of adjusted net income on a diluted basis. The following table reconciles on a historical basis for the twelve and twenty-eight week periods ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015, respectively, the Company’s adjusted earnings per diluted share on a consolidated basis to the line on its condensed consolidated statement of operations entitled net income, which the Company believes is the most directly comparable GAAP measure.


12 Weeks Ended
 
28 Weeks Ended
(In millions, except per share data)
7/10/2016

7/12/2015
 
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
Net income
$
10.3


$
10.3

 
$
23.2

 
$
23.9

Other expense (income), net


(0.3
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.2
)
Tax effect


0.2

 
0.1

 
0.1

Adjusted earnings
$
10.3


$
10.2

 
$
23.2

 
$
23.8

Adjusted earnings per diluted share
$
0.47


$
0.44

 
$
1.05

 
$
1.02

Weighted average diluted shares outstanding
21.8


23.2

 
22.1

 
23.3


20


Operating EBITDA: Calculation and Definition
The Company defines operating EBITDA as earnings before interest expense, taxes, depreciation and amortization, and other expenses (income), net. The following table reconciles on a historical basis for the twelve and twenty-eight week periods ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015, respectively, the Company’s operating EBITDA on a consolidated basis to the line on its condensed consolidated statement of operations entitled net income, which the Company believes is the most directly comparable GAAP measure. Operating EBITDA margin is defined as operating EBITDA divided by total revenues.  

12 Weeks Ended
 
28 Weeks Ended
(Dollars in millions)
7/10/2016
 
7/12/2015
 
7/10/2016

7/12/2015
Net income
$
10.3

 
$
10.3


$
23.2


$
23.9

Interest expense, net
1.0

 
0.8

 
2.3


1.9

Income tax expense
6.2

 
6.4

 
14.1


14.8

Depreciation and amortization
2.3

 
2.3

 
5.3


5.2

Other expenses (income), net

 
(0.3
)
 
(0.1
)

(0.2
)
Operating EBITDA
$
19.8

 
$
19.5

 
$
44.8


$
45.6

Total revenues
$
61.7

 
$
59.4

 
$
143.9


$
138.9

Operating EBITDA margin
32.1
%
 
32.8
%
 
31.1
%

32.8
%

Company-operated restaurant operating profit: Calculation and Definition
The Company defines Company-operated restaurant operating profit as sales by Company-operated restaurants minus restaurant food, beverages and packaging minus restaurant employee, occupancy and other expenses. The following table reconciles on a historical basis for the twelve and twenty-eight week periods ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015, respectively, Company-operated restaurant operating profit to the line item on its condensed consolidated statement of operations entitled sales by Company-operated restaurants, which the Company believes is the most directly comparable GAAP measure. Company-operated restaurant operating profit margin is defined as Company-operated restaurant operating profit divided by sales by Company-operated restaurants.

12 Weeks Ended
 
28 Weeks Ended
(Dollars in millions)
7/10/2016

7/12/2015
 
7/10/2016

7/12/2015
Sales by Company-operated restaurants
$
25.2


$
25.1

 
$
59.8


$
59.8

Restaurant food, beverages and packaging
8.0


8.1

 
18.9


19.4

Restaurant employee, occupancy and other expenses
12.5


12.1

 
29.2


28.0

Company-operated restaurant operating profit
$
4.7


$
4.9

 
$
11.7


$
12.4

Company-operated restaurant operating profit margin
18.7
%

19.5
%
 
19.6
%

20.7
%

Free cash flow: Calculation and Definition
The Company defines “free cash flow” as net cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures. Free cash flow is an important measure utilized by management in determining the amount of cash available for reinvestment in our strategic initiatives, share repurchases, and reduction of long-term debt. We believe it provides a more representative assessment of operating cash flows and that it is important for investors to be able to evaluate the Company using the same measures as management. Free cash flow is not a term defined by GAAP, and as a result, our measure of free cash flow might not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies and does not represent residual cash available for discretionary investments. Free cash flow should be considered as supplemental in nature and not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for our liquidity as reported in the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows prepared in accordance with GAAP.
The following table reconciles on a historical basis for the twenty-eight week periods ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015, respectively, the Company’s free cash flow on a consolidated basis to the line on its consolidated statements of cash flows entitled net cash provided by operating activities, which the Company believes is the most directly comparable GAAP measure:

21




28 Weeks Ended
(Dollars in millions)
7/10/2016

7/12/2015
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
28.9

 
$
27.5

Capital expenditures (a)
(5.3
)
 
(7.9
)
Free cash flow
$
23.6

 
$
19.6


(a) Our capital expenditures consist primarily of new restaurant construction, equipment replacements, re-imaging activities associated with Company-operated restaurants, investments in information technology and other capital assets.

Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio: Calculation and Definition
The Company calculates Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio, in accordance with its 2016 Revolving Credit Facility, as the ratio of Consolidated Total Indebtedness divided by Consolidated EBITDA. Consolidated Total Indebtedness is generally defined under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility as total indebtedness reflected on our balance sheet plus outstanding letters of credit. Consolidated EBITDA is defined in the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility as earnings before interest expense, taxes, depreciation and amortization, other expenses (income), net, and stock-based compensation expense for the four immediately preceding fiscal quarters.
Set forth below is the calculation of Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio as of July 10, 2016 and December 27, 2015 and the reconciliations of Consolidated Total Indebtedness and Consolidated EBITDA to their most comparable GAAP measures: current debt maturities and long-term debt, for Consolidated Total Indebtedness, and net income, for Consolidated EBITDA.

 
52 weeks ended
(Dollars in millions)
7/10/2016

 
12/27/2015

Current debt maturities
$
0.5

 
$
0.3

Long-term debt
147.4

 
112.3

Total indebtedness
147.9

 
112.6

Outstanding letters of credit
0.1

 
0.1

Consolidated Total Indebtedness
$
148.0

 
$
112.7

 
 
 
 
Net income
$
43.4

 
$
44.1

Interest expense, net
4.1

 
3.7

Income tax expense
25.8

 
26.5

Depreciation and amortization
9.8

 
9.7

Other expenses (income), net
0.1

 

Stock-based compensation expense
7.4

 
6.7

Consolidated EBITDA
$
90.6

 
$
90.7

 
 
 
 
Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio
1.6
 
1.2



22


Forward-Looking Statements

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Statements regarding future events and developments and our future performance, as well as management’s current expectations, beliefs, plans, estimates or projections relating to the future, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of these laws. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties. Examples of such statements in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q include discussions regarding the Company’s planned implementation of its strategic plan, planned share repurchases, projections and expectations regarding same-store sales for fiscal 2016 and beyond, expectations regarding future growth and commodity costs, expectations regarding restaurant reimaging, guidance for new restaurant openings and closures, effective income tax rate, and the Company’s anticipated 2016 and long-term performance, including projections regarding general and administrative expenses, capital expenditures, and adjusted earnings per diluted share, and similar statements of belief or expectation regarding future events. Among the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements are: competition from other restaurant concepts and food retailers, continued disruptions in the financial markets, the loss of franchisees and other business partners, labor shortages or increased labor costs, increased costs of our principal food products, changes in consumer preferences and demographic trends, as well as concerns about health or food quality, our ability to protect our information systems against cyber attacks or information security breaches, our ability to protect individually identifiable data of our customers, franchisees and employees, instances of avian flu or other food-borne illnesses, general economic conditions, the loss of senior management and the inability to attract and retain additional qualified management personnel, limitations on our business under our 2016 Revolving Credit Facility, our ability to comply with the repayment requirements, covenants, tests and restrictions contained in our 2016 Revolving Credit Facility, failure of our franchisees, a decline in the number of franchised units, a decline in our ability to franchise new units, slowed expansion into new markets, unexpected and adverse fluctuations in quarterly results, increased government regulation, effects of volatile gasoline prices, supply and delivery shortages or interruptions, currency, economic and political factors that affect our international operations, inadequate protection of our intellectual property and liabilities for environmental contamination and the other risk factors detailed in the Company’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which details are incorporated herein by reference. Therefore, you should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements.



23


Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Commodity Market Risk. We are exposed to market risk from changes in chicken and other commodity prices. Chicken is the principal raw material for our Popeyes operations, constituting approximately 40% of our combined “Restaurant food, beverages and packaging” costs. Food costs are significantly affected by fluctuations in the cost of chicken, which can result from a number of factors, including increases in the cost of corn and soy, disease, declining market supply of QSR sized chickens and other factors that affect availability, and greater international demand for domestic chicken products. We are affected by fluctuations in the cost of other commodities including shortening, wheat, gasoline and utility price fluctuations. Our ability to recover increased costs through higher pricing is limited by the competitive environment in which we operate.
In order to ensure favorable pricing for fresh chicken purchases and to maintain an adequate supply of fresh chicken for the Popeyes system, Supply Management Services, Inc. (a not-for-profit purchasing cooperative of which we are a member) has entered into chicken pricing contracts with chicken suppliers. The contracts, which pertain to a vast majority of our system-wide purchases for Popeyes, are “cost-plus” contracts that utilize prices based upon the cost of feed grains plus certain agreed upon non-feed and processing costs. In order to stabilize pricing for the Popeyes system, Supply Management Services, Inc. has entered into commodity pricing agreements for certain commodities including corn, soy and wheat which impact the price of chicken and other food costs.
Instances of food-borne illness or avian flu could adversely affect the price and availability of chicken. In addition to losses associated with higher prices and a lower supply of our food ingredients, instances of food-borne illnesses could result in negative publicity for us and could result in a decline in our sales.
Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk. We are exposed to foreign currency exchange rate risk associated with our international franchise operations. Foreign currency exchange rate changes directly impact our revenues and cash flows from these operations. For the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016 and July 12, 2015, foreign currency revenues represented approximately 3.8% and 4.0%, respectively, of our total revenues. All other things being equal, for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 10, 2016, operating profit would have decreased by approximately $0.5 million if all foreign currencies uniformly weakened 10% relative to the U.S. dollar.
As of July 10, 2016, approximately $1.4 million of our accounts receivable were denominated in foreign currencies. Our international franchised operations are in 26 foreign countries with approximately 52% of our revenues from international royalties originating from restaurants in South Korea, Canada and Turkey.
Interest Rate Risk With Respect to our 2016 Revolving Credit Facility. We have a market risk exposure to changes in interest rates. Borrowings made pursuant to the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility include interest rates that are benchmarked to U.S. and European short-term floating-rate interest rates. As of July 10, 2016, we had outstanding borrowings under our 2016 Revolving Credit Facility of $143.5 million.
As of July 10, 2016, the Company’s weighted average interest rate for all outstanding indebtedness under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility was approximately 2.4%. The impact on our annual results of operations of a hypothetical one-point interest rate change on the outstanding borrowings under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility would be approximately $0.6 million.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
(a) Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures of a registrant designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the registrant in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as amended(the “Exchange Act”) are properly recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC”) rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include processes to accumulate and evaluate relevant information and communicate such information to a registrant’s management, including its principal executive and financial officers, as appropriate, to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosures.
(b) CEO and CFO Certifications
Attached as Exhibit 31.1 and 31.2 to this quarterly report are certifications by our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”). These certifications are required in accordance with Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. This portion of our quarterly report describes the results of our controls evaluation referred to in those certifications.

24



(c) Our Evaluation of Popeyes’s Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As of the end of the period covered by this report, we evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of Popeyes’s disclosure controls and procedures, as required by Rule 13a-15 of the Exchange Act. This evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our CEO and CFO. Based on the evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this report, our CEO and CFO concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms.
(d) Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes to our internal control over financial reporting or in other factors that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting during the twenty-eight week period ended July 10, 2016 covered by this report.
(e) Inherent Limitations of Any Control System
We do not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting will prevent all error and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system’s objectives will be met. However, the control system has been designed to provide reasonable assurance of the control objectives are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected.

25


PART 2. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
For a discussion of our legal matters, see Note 9 to our condensed consolidated financial statements at Part 1, Item 1 to this quarterly report. That note is hereby incorporated by reference into this Part 2, Item 1.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
There have been no material changes to the risk factors presently disclosed in our 2015 Form 10-K.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
During the second quarter of 2016, we repurchased 532,864 shares of our common stock as scheduled below:
Period
Number of
Shares
  Repurchased  
 
Average
Price
Paid
Per
Share
 
Total
Number of
Shares
Repurchased
as Part of a
Publicly
Announced
Plan
 
Maximum
Value of
Shares that
May Yet Be
Repurchased
Under the
Plan
Period 5 (04/18/16 — 05/15/16)
80,622

 
$
54.77

 
80,622

 
$
158,615,122

Period 6 (05/16/16 — 06/12/16)
171,528

 
$
58.32

 
171,528

 
$
148,611,863

Period 7 (06/13/16 — 07/10/16)
280,714

 
$
55.50

 
280,714

 
$
133,032,498

Total
532,864

 
$
56.30

 
532,864

 
$
133,032,498

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



26


Item 6. Exhibits
(a) Exhibits
 
Exhibit 3.1
  
Articles of Incorporation of Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, Inc. (the “Company”) (f/k/a AFC Enterprises, Inc.), as amended (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended July 14, 2002).
 
 
 
 
Exhibit 3.2
 
Articles of Amendment of Articles of Incorporation of the Company dated January 17, 2014 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed January 21, 2014).
 
 
 
 
 
Exhibit 3.3
  
Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed April 16, 2008).
 
 
 
 
Exhibit 3.4