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EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.irt-ex311_6.htm
EX-32.2 - EX-32.2 - INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.irt-ex322_7.htm
EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.irt-ex321_8.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.irt-ex312_9.htm
EX-12.1 - EX-12.1 - INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.irt-ex121_10.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016

OR

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission file number 001-36041

 

INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

Maryland

26-4567130

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

Two Logan Square

100 N. 18th St., 23rd Floor

Philadelphia, PA

19103

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(Zip Code)

(215) 207-2100

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

Cira Centre, 2929 Arch St., 17th  Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large Accelerated filer

o

Accelerated filer

x

 

 

 

 

Non-Accelerated filer

o

Smaller reporting company

¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  o    No   x

As of May 5, 2016 there were 47,458,250 shares of the Registrant’s common stock issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 


INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.

INDEX

 

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

3

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements (unaudited)

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months ended March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2015

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity for the Three Months ended March 31, 2016

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months ended March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2015

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements as of March 31, 2016 (unaudited)

8

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

21

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

27

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

28

 

 

 

 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

28

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

28

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

28

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

28

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

29

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

29

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

 

Other Information

29

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

29

 

 

 

 

Signatures

30

 

 

 


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.

Financial Statements

Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2016

 

 

As of December 31, 2015

 

ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments in real estate:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments in real estate, at cost

 

$

1,357,338

 

 

$

1,372,015

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(44,422

)

 

 

(39,638

)

Investments in real estate, net

 

 

1,312,916

 

 

 

1,332,377

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

21,924

 

 

 

38,301

 

Restricted cash

 

 

7,015

 

 

 

5,413

 

Accounts receivable and other assets

 

 

2,795

 

 

 

3,362

 

Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $0 and $3,736 respectively

 

 

 

 

 

3,735

 

Total Assets

 

$

1,344,650

 

 

$

1,383,188

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indebtedness, net of unamortized discount and deferred financing costs of $8,185 and $8,920, respectively

 

$

940,336

 

 

$

966,611

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

16,089

 

 

 

19,304

 

Accrued interest payable

 

 

1,175

 

 

 

1,239

 

Dividends payable

 

 

3,007

 

 

 

3,006

 

Other liabilities

 

 

3,071

 

 

 

2,998

 

Total Liabilities

 

 

963,678

 

 

 

993,158

 

Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized, 0 and 0 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 300,000,000 shares authorized, 47,458,250 and 47,070,678 shares issued and outstanding, including 284,339 and 117,000 unvested restricted common share awards, respectively

 

 

475

 

 

 

471

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

380,152

 

 

 

378,187

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

(26

)

 

 

(8

)

Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)

 

 

(23,094

)

 

 

(14,500

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

357,507

 

 

 

364,150

 

Noncontrolling interests

 

 

23,465

 

 

 

25,880

 

Total Equity

 

 

380,972

 

 

 

390,030

 

Total Liabilities and Equity

 

$

1,344,650

 

 

$

1,383,188

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

3


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

REVENUE:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental income

 

$

34,753

 

 

$

19,443

 

Tenant reimbursement income

 

 

1,438

 

 

 

950

 

Other income

 

 

2,475

 

 

 

1,264

 

Total revenue

 

 

38,666

 

 

 

21,657

 

EXPENSES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property operating expenses

 

 

17,120

 

 

 

10,095

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

926

 

 

 

499

 

Asset management fees

 

 

1,696

 

 

 

1,212

 

Acquisition and integration expenses

 

 

10

 

 

 

33

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

11,527

 

 

 

6,038

 

Total expenses

 

 

31,279

 

 

 

17,877

 

Operating income

 

 

7,387

 

 

 

3,780

 

Interest expense

 

 

(9,977

)

 

 

(4,022

)

Interest income

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Net gains (losses) on sale of assets

 

 

2,453

 

 

 

 

Gains (losses) on TSRE merger and property acquisitions

 

 

91

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss):

 

 

(46

)

 

 

(241

)

(Income) loss allocated to noncontrolling interest

 

 

(29

)

 

 

8

 

Net income (loss) allocable to common shares

 

$

(75

)

 

$

(233

)

Earnings (loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

-

 

 

$

(0.01

)

Diluted

 

$

-

 

 

$

(0.01

)

Weighted-average shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

47,093,343

 

 

 

31,768,468

 

Diluted

 

 

47,093,343

 

 

 

31,768,468

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

4


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(46

)

 

$

(241

)

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of interest rate hedges

 

 

(18

)

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income

 

 

(18

)

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss) before allocation to noncontrolling interests

 

 

(64

)

 

 

(241

)

Allocation to noncontrolling interests

 

 

(29

)

 

 

8

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

$

(93

)

 

$

(233

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

5


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share information)

 

 

 

Common

Shares

 

 

Par

Value

Common

Shares

 

 

Additional

Paid In

Capital

 

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

 

 

Retained

Earnings

(Deficit)

 

 

Total

Shareholders’

Equity

 

 

Noncontrolling

Interests

 

 

Total

Equity

 

Balance, January 1, 2016

 

 

47,070,678

 

 

$

471

 

 

$

378,187

 

 

$

(8

)

 

$

(14,500

)

 

$

364,150

 

 

$

25,880

 

 

$

390,030

 

Net income

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(75

)

 

 

(75

)

 

 

29

 

 

 

(46

)

Common dividends declared

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(8,519

)

 

 

(8,519

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(8,519

)

Other comprehensive income

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(18

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(18

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(18

)

Stock compensation expense

 

 

210,000

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

203

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

205

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

205

 

Common shares issued for equity compensation

 

 

(26,541

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(137

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(137

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(137

)

Conversion of noncontrolling interest to common shares

 

 

204,113

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

1,899

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,901

 

 

 

(1,901

)

 

 

-

 

Distribution to noncontrolling interest declared

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(543

)

 

 

(543

)

Balance, March 31, 2016

 

 

47,458,250

 

 

$

475

 

 

$

380,152

 

 

$

(26

)

 

$

(23,094

)

 

$

357,507

 

 

$

23,465

 

 

$

380,972

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

6


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

(46

)

 

$

(241

)

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to cash flow from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

11,527

 

 

 

6,038

 

Amortization of deferred financing costs and premium on indebtedness, net

 

 

890

 

 

 

(159

)

Stock compensation expense

 

 

205

 

 

 

70

 

Net (gains) losses on sale of assets

 

 

(2,453

)

 

 

-

 

(Gains) losses on TSRE merger and property acquisitions

 

 

(91

)

 

 

-

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable and other assets

 

 

597

 

 

 

452

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

(3,192

)

 

 

2,338

 

Accrued interest payable

 

 

(64

)

 

 

(18

)

Other liabilities

 

 

84

 

 

 

23

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

7,457

 

 

 

8,503

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disposition of real estate properties

 

 

9,684

 

 

 

-

 

TSRE merger

 

 

91

 

 

 

-

 

Capital expenditures

 

 

(2,273

)

 

 

(993

)

(Decrease) in restricted cash

 

 

(1,602

)

 

 

(1,022

)

Cash flow provided by (used in) investing activities

 

 

5,900

 

 

 

(2,015

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Payments related to) proceeds from issuance of common stock

 

 

(137

)

 

 

(58

)

Proceeds from Secured Credit Facility and mortgage indebtedness

 

 

53,477

 

 

 

22,900

 

Secured Credit Facility and mortgage principal repayments

 

 

(73,826

)

 

 

(18,882

)

Payments for deferred financing costs

 

 

(187

)

 

 

(177

)

Distributions on common stock

 

 

(8,506

)

 

 

(5,719

)

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

 

(555

)

 

 

(231

)

Cash flow used in financing activities

 

 

(29,734

)

 

 

(2,167

)

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(16,377

)

 

 

4,321

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

 

38,301

 

 

 

14,763

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of the period

 

$

21,924

 

 

$

19,084

 

Supplemental cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

9,151

 

 

$

4,199

 

Non-cash decrease in noncontrolling interest from conversion of common limited

   partnership units to share of common stock

 

$

1,901

 

 

$

-

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

7


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2016

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

NOTE 1: Organization

Independence Realty Trust, Inc. was formed on March 26, 2009 as a Maryland corporation that has elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, commencing with the taxable year ended December 31, 2011. We are externally managed by a subsidiary of RAIT Financial Trust, or RAIT, a publicly traded Maryland REIT whose common shares are listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “RAS.” As used herein, the terms “we,” “our” and “us” refer to Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and, as required by context, Independence Realty Operating Partnership, LP, which we refer to as IROP, and their subsidiaries. We own apartment properties in geographic submarkets that we believe support strong occupancy and have the potential for growth in rental rates. We seek to provide stockholders with attractive risk-adjusted returns, with an emphasis on distributions and capital appreciation. We own substantially all of our assets and conduct our operations through IROP, of which we are the sole general partner.

 

 

NOTE 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

a. Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared by management in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or GAAP. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although we believe that the included disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2015 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly our consolidated financial position and consolidated results of operations and cash flows are included. The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year.  Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform with the current period presentation.

b. Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements reflect our accounts and the accounts of IROP and other wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.  Pursuant to the accounting standard issued in February 2015 classified under Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, Accounting Standards Codification, or ASC, Topic 810, “Consolidation”, IROP is considered a variable interest entity.  As our significant asset is our investment in IROP, substantially all of our assets and liabilities represent the assets and liabilities of IROP.    

c. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

d. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include cash held in banks and highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less when purchased.  Cash, including amounts restricted, may at times exceed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation deposit insurance limit of $250 per institution.  We mitigate credit risk by placing cash and cash equivalents with major financial institutions.  To date, we have not experienced any losses on cash and cash equivalents.

e. Restricted Cash

Restricted cash includes tenant escrows and our funds held by lenders to fund certain expenditures or to be released at our discretion upon the occurrence of certain pre-specified events.  As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we had $7,015 and $5,413, respectively, of restricted cash.

8


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2016

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

f. Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Bad Debts

We make estimates of the collectability of our accounts receivable related to base rents, expense reimbursements and other revenue.  We analyze accounts receivable and historical bad debt levels, tenant credit worthiness and current economic trends when evaluating the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts.  In addition, tenants experiencing financial difficulties are analyzed and estimates are made in connection with expected uncollectible receivables.  Our reported operating results are affected by management’s estimate of the collectability of accounts receivable.

g. Investments in Real Estate

Allocation of Purchase Price of Acquired Assets

We account for acquisitions of properties that meet the definition of a business pursuant to FASB ASC Topic 805, “Business Combinations”. The fair value of the real estate acquired is allocated to the acquired tangible assets, consisting of land, building and tenant improvements, and identified intangible assets and liabilities, consisting of the value of above-market and below-market leases for acquired in-place leases and the value of tenant relationships, based in each case on their fair values. Purchase accounting is applied to assets and liabilities associated with the real estate acquired. Transaction costs and fees incurred related to acquisitions are expensed as incurred. Transaction costs and fees incurred related to the financing of an acquisition are capitalized and amortized over the life of the related financing.

Upon the acquisition of properties, we estimate the fair value of acquired tangible assets (consisting of land, building and improvements) and identified intangible assets (consisting of in-place leases), and assumed debt at the date of acquisition, based on the evaluation of information and estimates available at that date. Based on these estimates, we allocate the initial purchase price to the applicable assets and liabilities. As final information regarding fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed is received and estimates are refined, appropriate adjustments will be made to the purchase price allocation, in no case later than twelve months of the acquisition date. During the three months ended March 31, 2016, we made an adjustment related to the TSRE acquisition described in NOTE 3: Investments in Real Estate, for further information.  

The aggregate value of in-place leases is determined by evaluating various factors, including the terms of the leases that are in place and assumed lease-up periods.  During the period ended March 31, 2016, we did not acquire any properties and, therefore, did not acquire any in-place leases. The value assigned to this intangible asset is amortized over the assumed lease up period, typically six months. For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 we recorded $3,735 and $1,909, respectively, of amortization expense for intangible assets. As of March 31, 2016, all of our intangible assets were fully amortized.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

Management evaluates the recoverability of our investment in real estate assets, including related identifiable intangible assets, in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment”. This statement requires that long-lived assets be reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that recoverability of the assets is not assured.

Management reviews its long-lived assets on an ongoing basis and evaluates the recoverability of the carrying value when there is an indicator of impairment. An impairment charge is recorded when it is determined that the carrying value of the asset exceeds the fair value. The estimated cash flows used for the impairment analysis and the determination of estimated fair value are based on our plans for the respective assets and our views of market and economic conditions. The estimates consider matters such as current and historical rental rates, occupancies for the respective and/or comparable properties, and recent sales data for comparable properties. Changes in estimated future cash flows due to changes in our plans or views of market and economic conditions could result in recognition of impairment losses, which, under the applicable accounting guidance, could be substantial.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

Depreciation expense for real estate assets is computed using a straight-line method based on a life of 40 years for buildings and improvements and five to ten years for equipment and fixtures. Expenditures for tenant improvements are capitalized and amortized over the initial term of each lease. For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 we recorded $7,791 and $4,129 of depreciation expense, respectively.

9


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2016

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

h. Revenue and Expenses

Minimum rents are recognized on an accrual basis, over the terms of the related leases on a straight-line basis. Any above market lease value and the capitalized below-market lease values are amortized as an adjustment to rental income over the lease term. Recoveries from residential tenants for utility costs are recognized as revenue in the period that the applicable costs are incurred.

For the three months ended March 31, 2016, we recognized revenues of $75 related to recoveries of lost rental revenue due to natural disasters and other insurable events from our insurance providers.

For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, we incurred $447 and $312 of advertising expenses, respectively.

i. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Where available, fair value is based on observable market prices or parameters or derived from such prices or parameters. Where observable prices or inputs are not available, valuation models are applied. These valuation techniques involve management estimation and judgment, the degree of which is dependent on the price transparency for the instruments or market and the instruments’ complexity for disclosure purposes. Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value in the consolidated balance sheets are categorized based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure their value. Hierarchical levels, as defined in FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” and directly related to the amount of subjectivity associated with the inputs to fair valuations of these assets and liabilities, are as follows:

 

·

Level 1: Valuations are based on unadjusted, quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities at the measurement date. The types of assets carried at Level 1 fair value generally are equity securities listed in active markets. As such, valuations of these investments do not entail a significant degree of judgment.

 

·

Level 2: Valuations are based on quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets or quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active or for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly.

 

·

Level 3: Inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability, and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability. In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement in its entirety falls has been determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset.

The availability of observable inputs can vary depending on the financial asset or liability and is affected by a wide variety of factors, including, for example, the type of investment, whether the investment is new, whether the investment is traded on an active exchange or in the secondary market, and the current market condition. To the extent that valuation is based on models or inputs that are less observable or unobservable in the market, the determination of fair value requires more judgment. Accordingly, the degree of judgment exercised by us in determining fair value is greatest for instruments categorized in Level 3.

Fair value is a market-based measure considered from the perspective of a market participant who holds the asset or owes the liability rather than an entity-specific measure. Therefore, even when market assumptions are not readily available, our own assumptions are set to reflect those that management believes market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. We use prices and inputs that management believes are current as of the measurement date, including during periods of market dislocation. In periods of market dislocation, the observability of prices and inputs may be reduced for many instruments. This condition could cause an instrument to be transferred from Level 1 to Level 2 or Level 2 to Level 3.

Fair value for certain of our Level 3 financial instruments is derived using internal valuation models. These internal valuation models include discounted cash flow analyses developed by management using current interest rates, estimates of the term of the particular instrument, specific issuer information and other market data for securities without an active market. In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”, the impact of our own credit spreads is also considered when

10


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2016

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

measuring the fair value of financial assets or liabilities, including derivative contracts. Where appropriate, valuation adjustments are made to account for various factors, including bid-ask spreads, credit quality and market liquidity. These adjustments are applied on a consistent basis and are based on observable inputs where available. Management’s estimate of fair value requires significant management judgment and is subject to a high degree of variability based upon market conditions, the availability of specific issuer information and management’s assumptions.

FASB ASC Topic 825, “Financial Instruments” requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate that value. The fair value of mortgage indebtedness is based on a discounted cash flows valuation technique. As this technique utilizes current credit spreads for various maturities and types of loans, which are generally unobservable, this is classified as a Level 3 fair value measurement within the fair value hierarchy. The carrying value and fair value of mortgage indebtedness as of March 31, 2016 was $530,204 and $546,464 respectively. The carrying value and fair value of mortgage indebtedness as of December 31, 2015 was $581,038 and $589,320, respectively. The fair value of secured credit facility, bridge term loan, cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash as of March 31, 2016 approximated unpaid principal balance due to the nature of these instruments and were $324,977, $90,216, $21,924, and $7,015, respectively.  The fair value of our secured credit facility, bridge term loan, cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash as of December 31, 2015 approximated unpaid principal balance due to the nature of these instruments and were $271,500, $120,000, $38,301, and $5,413, respectively.

j. Deferred Financing Costs

Costs incurred in connection with debt financing are deferred and classified within indebtedness and charged to interest expense over the terms of the related debt agreements, under the effective interest method.

k. Derivative Instruments

We may use derivative financial instruments to hedge all or a portion of the interest rate risk associated with our borrowings. The principal objective of such arrangements is to minimize the risks and/or costs associated with our operating and financial structure as well as to hedge specific anticipated transactions. The counterparties to these contractual arrangements are major financial institutions with which we and our affiliates may also have other financial relationships. In the event of nonperformance by the counterparties, we are potentially exposed to credit loss. However, because of the high credit ratings of the counterparties, we do not anticipate that any of the counterparties will fail to meet their obligations.

In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”, we measure our derivative instruments at fair value.  For derivatives designated as cash flow hedges, the changes in the fair value of the effective portion of the derivative is reported in other comprehensive income and changes in the ineffective portion, if any, is recognized in earnings.  For derivatives not designated as hedges (or designated as fair value hedges), the change in fair value of the derivative instrument is recognized in earnings.  Any derivatives that we designate in hedge relationships are done so at inception.  At inception, we determine whether or not the derivative is highly effective in offsetting changes in the designated interest rate risk associated with the identified indebtedness using regression analysis.  At each reporting period, we update our regression analysis and use the hypothetical derivative method to measure any ineffectiveness.  

On September 30, 2015, we entered into an interest rate cap contract with a notional value of $200 million, a strike rate of 3.0% based on 1-month LIBOR and a maturity date of October 17, 2017 to hedge our interest rate exposure on floating rate indebtedness. We designated this interest rate cap as a cash flow hedge at inception and determined that the hedge is highly effective in offsetting interest rate fluctuations associated with the identified indebtedness. As of March 31, 2016, this derivative had a fair value of $6 and we concluded that this hedging relationship was and will continue to be highly effective and, using the hypothetical derivative method, did not recognize any ineffectiveness.  As of March 31, 2016, $26 was reported in accumulated other comprehensive income.  During the three months ended March 31, 2016 no amounts have been reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income to earnings.  

l. Income Taxes

We have elected to be taxed as a REIT beginning with the taxable year ended December 31, 2011.  Accordingly, we recorded no income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.

11


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2016

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

To qualify as a REIT, we must meet certain organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement to distribute at least 90% of our ordinary taxable income to stockholders.  As a REIT, we generally are not subject to federal income tax on taxable income that we distribute to our stockholders.  If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we will be subject to federal income taxes on our taxable income at regular corporate rates and will not be permitted to qualify for treatment as a REIT for federal income tax purposes for four years following the year during which qualification is lost unless the Internal Revenue Service grants us relief under certain statutory provisions.  Such an event could materially adversely affect our net income and net cash available for distribution to stockholders; however, we believe that we are organized and operate in such a manner as to qualify and maintain treatment as a REIT and intend to operate in such a manner so that we will remain qualified as a REIT for federal income tax purposes.  

m. Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”. This accounting standard generally replaces existing guidance by requiring an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. This standard is currently effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Management is currently evaluating the impact that this standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 810, “Consolidation”. This accounting standard amends the consolidation analysis required under GAAP and requires management to reevaluate all previous consolidation conclusions. This standard considers limited partnerships to be VIEs, unless the limited partners have either substantive kick-out or participating rights. The presumption that a general partner should consolidate a limited partnership has also been eliminated. The standard amends the effect that fees paid to a decision maker or service provider have on the consolidation analysis, as well as amends how variable interests held by a reporting entity’s related parties affect the consolidation conclusion. This standard also clarifies how to determine whether equity holders as a group have power over an entity. This standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015, with an early adoption permitted. The adoption of this accounting standard did not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements as it did not changTe any of our existing consolidation conclusions.

In April 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 835, “Interest”. This accounting standard amends existing guidance to change reporting requirements for debt issuance costs by requiring debt issuance costs to be presented on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the debt liability. This standard was effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015, with an early adoption permitted. Retrospective application to prior periods is required. The adoption of this accounting standard resulted in the reclassification in our December 31, 2015 consolidated balance sheet of $9,226 of net deferred costs to total indebtedness on our consolidated balance sheet.

In September 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 805, “Business Combinations”.  This accounting standard amends existing guidance related to measurement period adjustments by requiring the adjustments to be recognized prospectively with disclosure of the impact of the adjustments had they been applied previously.  This standard is effective for interim and annual reporting beginning after December 15, 2015, with early adoption permitted.  As this standard only applied to measurement period adjustments that occur after the effective date, this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.  

In January 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 825, “Financial Instruments”. This accounting standard addresses certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments.  Among other things, the amendment (i) eliminates certain disclosure requirements for financial instruments measured at amortized cost; (ii) requires the use of the exit price notion when measuring the fair value of financial instruments for disclosure purposes; (iii) requires separate presentation, in other comprehensive income, of the change in fair value of a liability, when the fair value option has been elected, resulting from a change in the instrument-specific credit risk; and (iv) requires separate presentation of financial instruments by measurement category and form.  This standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years.  Early adoption is permitted for the separate presentation of changes in fair value due to changes in instrument-specific credit risk. Management is currently evaluating the impact that this standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.

12


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2016

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 842, “Leases”.  This accounting standard amends lease accounting by requiring the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements.  This standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years.  Early application of the amendments in this standard is permitted.  Management is currently evaluating the impact that this standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”.  This accounting standard clarifies that a change in the counterparty to a derivative instrument that has been designated as the hedging instrument under Topic 815 does not, in and of itself, require dedesignation of that hedging relationship provided that all other hedge accounting criteria continue to be met.  This standard is effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period.  Management does not expect this standard to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”. This accounting standard clarifies the requirements for assessing whether contingent call (put) options that can accelerate the payment of principal on debt instruments are clearly and closely related to their debt hosts.  This accounting standard clarifies what steps are required when assessing whether the economic characteristics and risks of call (put) options are clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of their debt hosts, which is one of the criteria for bifurcating an embedded derivative.  Consequently, when a call (put) option is contingently exercisable, an entity does not have to assess whether the event that triggers the ability to exercise a call (put) option is related to interest rates or credit risks.  This standard is effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those fiscal years.  Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. Management does not expect this standard to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”.  This accounting standard clarifies the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations in Topic 606.  This accounting standard clarifies the following: (i) an entity determines whether it is a principal or an agent for each specified good or service promised to the customer; (ii) an entity determines the nature of each specified good or service (for example, whether it is a good, a service, or a right to a good or service); (iii) when a principal obtains control of a good or right to service whether another party is involved in providing goods or services to a customer; and (iv) the indicators in the assessment of control may be more or less relevant to the control assessment and that one or more indicators may be more or less persuasive to the control assessment, depending on the facts and circumstances.  This standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Management is currently evaluating the impact that this standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 718, “Compensation – Stock Compensation”.  This accounting standard simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment award transactions, including: (i) income tax consequences; (ii) classification of awards as either equity or liabilities; and (iii) classification on the statement of cash flows.  This standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim period within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted for any entity in any interim or annual period. Management is currently evaluating the impact that this standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.

In April 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.” The amendments in this standard add further guidance on identifying performance obligations and clarifying the licensing implementation guidance.  The amendments do not change the core principle of the guidance in Topic 606.  This standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods therein.  Management is currently evaluating the impact that this standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.

 

 

13


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2016

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

NOTE 3: Investments in Real Estate

As of March 31, 2016, our investments in real estate consisted of 48 apartment properties with 13,502 units (unaudited). The table below summarizes our investments in real estate:

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2016

 

 

As of December 31, 2015

 

 

Depreciable Lives

(In years)

 

Land

 

$

187,485

 

 

$

190,585

 

 

 

 

Building

 

 

1,155,339

 

 

 

1,168,453

 

 

 

40

 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

 

 

14,514

 

 

 

12,977

 

 

5-10

 

Total investment in real estate

 

$

1,357,338

 

 

$

1,372,015

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(44,422

)

 

 

(39,638

)

 

 

 

 

Investments in real estate, net  (1)

 

$

1,312,916

 

 

$

1,332,377

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

As of March 31, 2016, two of our multi-family real estate properties were considered held-for-sale.  The carrying amount and fair value less estimated to costs to sell of these properties was $39,347 and $69,300, respectively.  

Acquisitions

During the first quarter of 2016, we received additional information regarding estimates we had made for certain accrued expenses related to our acquisition of Trade Street Residential Inc., or the TSRE acquisition, that was completed on September 17, 2015.  This information led to an increase in fair value of the net assets we acquired of $91, which we recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2016.  

Dispositions

On February 18, 2016, we disposed of one multi-family real estate property for a total sale price of $18,000.  We recorded a gain on the sale of this asset of $2,453.

In April 2016, we disposed of one multi-family real estate property for a total sale price of $23,000.  We will recognize a gain on the sale of this asset.

In May 2016, we disposed of one multi-family real estate property for a total sale price of $47,000.  We will recognize a gain on the sale of this asset.    

 

 

NOTE 4: Indebtedness

The following tables contains summary information concerning our indebtedness as of March 31, 2016:

 

Debt:

 

Outstanding Principal

 

 

Unamortized Discount and Debt Issuance Costs

 

 

Carrying Amount

 

 

Type

 

Weighted Average Rate

 

 

Weighted Average Maturity (in years)

 

     Secured credit facility (1)

 

$

324,977

 

 

$

(4,122

)

 

$

320,855

 

 

Floating

 

 

2.9%

 

 

 

2.5

 

     Bridge term loan (2)

 

 

90,216

 

 

$

(939

)

 

 

89,277

 

 

Floating

 

 

5.4%

 

 

 

0.5

 

     Mortgages-Fixed rate

 

 

495,253

 

 

 

(3,124

)

 

 

492,129

 

 

Fixed

 

 

3.8%

 

 

 

7.2

 

     Mortgages-Floating rate

 

 

38,075

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

38,075

 

 

Floating

 

 

2.8%

 

 

 

5.1

 

Total Debt

 

$

948,521

 

 

$

(8,185

)

 

$

940,336

 

 

 

 

 

3.6%

 

 

 

4.9

 

 

 

(1)

The secured credit facility total capacity is $325.0 million, of which $325.0 million was outstanding as of March 31, 2016.

 

(2)

The bridge term loan may be extended by 6 months at our option.  If extended, the maturity date would be March 2017.

 

14


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2016

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

 

Original maturities on or before December 31,

 

Debt:

 

2016

 

 

2017

 

 

2018

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

Thereafter

 

     Secured credit facility

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

324,977

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

     Bridge term loan (1)

 

 

90,216

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

     Mortgages-Fixed rate

 

 

911

 

 

 

2,825

 

 

 

3,549

 

 

 

3,834

 

 

 

5,920

 

 

 

478,214

 

     Mortgages-Floating rate

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

38,075

 

Total

 

$

91,127

 

 

$

2,825

 

 

$

328,526

 

 

$

3,834

 

 

$

5,920

 

 

$

516,289

 

 

 

(1)

The bridge term loan may be extended by 6 months at our option.  If extended, the maturity date would be March 2017.

As of March 31, 2016 we were in compliance with all financial covenants contained in our indebtedness.

The following tables contains summary information concerning our indebtedness as of December 31, 2015:

 

Debt:

 

Outstanding Principal

 

 

Unamortized Discount and Debt Issuance Costs

 

 

Carrying Amount

 

 

Type

 

Rate

 

 

Weighted Average Maturity (in years)

 

     Secured credit facility (1)

 

$

271,500

 

 

$

(4,345

)

 

$

267,155

 

 

Floating

 

 

2.9%

 

 

 

2.7

 

  Bridge term loan (2)

 

 

120,000

 

 

$

(1,582

)

 

 

118,418

 

 

Floating

 

 

5.4%

 

 

 

0.7

 

     Mortgages-Fixed rate

 

 

545,956

 

 

 

(2,993

)

 

 

542,963

 

 

Fixed

 

 

3.8%

 

 

 

6.9

 

     Mortgages-Floating rate

 

 

38,075

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

38,075

 

 

Floating

 

 

2.8%

 

 

 

5.4

 

Total Debt

 

$

975,531

 

 

$

(8,920

)

 

$

966,611

 

 

 

 

 

3.7%

 

 

 

4.9

 

 

 

(1)

The secured credit facility total capacity was $325.0 million, of which $271.5 million was outstanding as of December 31, 2015.

 

(2)

The bridge term loan may be extended by 6 months at our option.  If extended, the maturity date would be March 2017.

 

The weighted average interest rate of our mortgage indebtedness was 3.7% as of March 31, 2016. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, RAIT held $38,075 and $38,075 of our mortgage indebtedness, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2015, we incurred approximately $265 and $238 of interest expense related to the RAIT indebtedness, respectively.

Secured Credit Facility

On September 17, 2015, IROP entered into a credit agreement with KeyBank with respect to a $325 million senior secured credit facility, or the KeyBank senior facility, which will mature on September 17, 2018. The KeyBank senior facility is available for additional loans, may be increased to $450.0 million and/or extended for two 12-month terms.  At March 31, 2016, amounts outstanding under the KeyBank secured facility bear interest at 245 basis points over 1-month LIBOR.           

On September 17, 2015, IROP entered into a credit agreement with respect to a $120 million senior interim term loan facility, or the KeyBank interim facility, which will mature on September 16, 2016. The KeyBank interim facility may be extended for a six-month term.  The KeyBank interim facility requires monthly payments of interest only. IROP was required to reduce the principal amount outstanding under the KeyBank interim facility to no greater than $100.0 million within six months of closing and must apply 100% of all net proceeds from equity issuances, sales of assets, or refinancing of assets towards repaying the KeyBank interim facility.  At March 31, 2016, the KeyBank interim facility bears interest at 500 basis points over 1-month LIBOR.             

In January and February of 2016, IROP repaid $23,784 of the KeyBank interim facility subsequent to two property dispositions.

In March of 2016, IROP drew down $8,000 on the KeyBank senior facility, which was used to repay $6,000 of the KeyBank interim facility.

15


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2016

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

In March of 2016, IROP drew down $45,476 on the KeyBank senior facility, which was used to satisfy the existing mortgages and closing costs relating to the Oklahoma City portfolio of properties we acquired in 2014.  

In April of 2016, IROP repaid $11,600 of the KeyBank interim facility subsequent to a property disposition.

In May of 2016, IROP repaid $18,400 of the KeyBank interim facility subsequent to a property disposition.

Mortgages-Fixed Rate

In February of 2016, we repaid $6,659 of mortgage indebtedness as part of a property disposition.

Mortgages-Floating Rate

In April of 2016, we repaid $10,575 of mortgage indebtedness as part of a property disposition.  This indebtedness was held by RAIT as of March 31, 2016.

In May of 2016, we repaid $27,500 of mortgage indebtedness as part of a property disposition.  This indebtedness was held by RAIT as of March 31, 2016.

 

 

NOTE 5: Shareholder Equity and Noncontrolling Interests

Stockholder Equity

Common Shares

On January 14, 2016, our board of directors declared the following dividends:

 

Month

 

Record Date

 

Payment Date

 

Dividend

Declared

Per Share

 

January 2016

 

January 29, 2016

 

February 16, 2016

 

$

0.06

 

February 2016

 

February 29, 2016

 

March 15, 2016

 

$

0.06

 

March 2016

 

March 31, 2016

 

April 15, 2016

 

$

0.06

 

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2016, we also paid $42 of dividends on restricted common share awards that vested this period.

On April 14, 2016, our board of directors declared the following dividends:

 

Month

 

Record Date

 

Payment Date

 

Dividend

Declared

Per Share

 

April 2016

 

April 29, 2016

 

May 16, 2016

 

$

0.06

 

May 2016

 

May 31, 2016

 

June 15, 2016

 

$

0.06

 

June 2016

 

June 30, 2016

 

July 15, 2016

 

$

0.06

 

 

Noncontrolling Interest

On February 1, 2016, holders of IROP units exchanged 204,115 units for 204,113 shares of our common stock with fractional units being settled in cash. As a result of this exchange, as of March 31, 2016, 2,950,816 IROP units held by unaffiliated third parties remain outstanding with a redemption value of $21,010, based on IRT’s stock price as of March 31, 2016.

16


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2016

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

On January 14, 2016, our board of directors declared the following distributions on IROP’s LP units:

 

Month

 

Record Date

 

Payment Date

 

Dividend

Declared

Per Share

 

January 2016

 

January 29, 2016

 

February 16, 2016

 

$

0.06

 

February 2016

 

February 29, 2016

 

March 15, 2016

 

$

0.06

 

March 2016

 

March 31, 2016

 

April 15, 2016

 

$

0.06

 

 

On April 14, 2016, our board of directors declared the following distributions on IROP’s LP units:

 

Month

 

Record Date

 

Payment Date

 

Dividend

Declared

Per Share

 

April 2016

 

April 29, 2016

 

May 16, 2016

 

$

0.06

 

May 2016

 

May 31, 2016

 

June 15, 2016

 

$

0.06

 

June 2016

 

June 30, 2016

 

July 15, 2016

 

$

0.06

 

 

 

NOTE 6: Equity Compensation Plans

Long Term Incentive Plan

On April 5, 2011, our board of directors approved and adopted the Long Term Incentive Plan, or the incentive plan, and the Independent Directors Compensation Plan, or the director plan. Our incentive plan provides for the grants of awards to our directors, officers and full-time employees (in the event we ever have employees), full-time employees of our advisor and its affiliates, full-time employees of entities that provide services to our advisor, directors of our advisor or of entities that provide services to it, certain of our consultants and certain consultants to our advisor and its affiliates or to entities that provide services to our advisor. The incentive plan authorizes the grant of restricted or unrestricted shares of our common stock, non-qualified and incentive stock options, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, dividend equivalents and other stock- or cash-based awards. On July 29, 2013, our board of directors and stockholders approved the amendment and restatement of our incentive plan to reduce the number of shares of common stock issuable thereunder to 800,000 shares.

Under the director plan, which operates as a sub-plan of our incentive plan, each of our independent directors will receive 3,000 shares of common stock annually. In addition, our independent directors may elect to receive their annual cash fee in the form of our common shares or a combination of common shares and cash.

On February 12, 2016, our compensation committee awarded 210,000 restricted stock awards valued at $6.22 per share, or $1,306 in the aggregate.  The awards vest over a three-year period.

 

 

NOTE 7: Related Party Transactions and Arrangements

Fees and Expenses Paid to Our Advisor

As of September 25, 2015 we entered into the Second Amendment to the Second Amended and Restated Advisory Agreement.  The Second Amendment amends the advisory agreement to extend its term to October 1, 2020, and so that, for periods subsequent to October 1, 2015, our Advisor will be compensated as follows:

 

·

Quarterly base management fee of 0.375% of our cumulative equity raised; and

 

·

Quarterly incentive fee equal to 20% of our Core FFO, as defined in the advisory agreement, in excess of $0.20 per share.

Prior to the Second Amendment, the Second Amended and Restated Advisory Agreement, which was effective as of May 7, 2013 through September 30, 2015, provided that our Advisor was compensated as follows:

 

·

Quarterly base management fee of 0.1875% of average gross real estate assets as of the last day of such quarter. Average gross real estate assets means the average of the aggregate book value of our real estate assets before reserves for depreciation or other similar noncash reserves and excluding the book values attributable to the eight properties that were

17


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2016

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

acquired prior to August 16, 2013. We computed average gross real estate assets by taking the average of these book values at the end of each month during the quarter for which we are calculated the fee.  

 

·

An incentive fee based on our pre-incentive fee core funds from operations, or Core FFO. The incentive fee is computed at the end of each fiscal quarter as follows:

 

·

no incentive fee in any fiscal quarter in which our pre-incentive fee Core FFO does not exceed the hurdle rate of 1.75% (7% annualized) of the cumulative gross amount of equity capital we have obtained; and

 

·

20% of the amount of our pre-incentive fee Core FFO that exceeds 1.75% (7% annualized) of the cumulative gross proceeds from the issuance of equity securities.

For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, our advisor earned $1,631 and $1,001 of asset management fees, respectively.

For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, our advisor earned $65 and $211 of incentive fees, respectively. These fees are included within asset management fees in our consolidated statements of operations.

As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2015 we had liabilities payable to our Advisor for asset management fees and incentive fees of $1,696 and $1,856, respectively. These liabilities are presented within accounts payable and accrued expenses in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.                 

Property Management Fees Paid to Our Property Manager

We have entered into property management agreements with RAIT Residential, or our property manager, which is wholly owned by RAIT, with respect to each of our properties. Pursuant to the property management agreements, we pay our property manager property management and leasing fees on a monthly basis of an amount up to 4.0% of the gross revenues from the property for each month. Additionally, we may pay our property manager a separate fee for the one-time initial rent-up or leasing-up of newly constructed properties in an amount not to exceed the fee customarily charged in arm’s length transactions by others rendering similar services in the same geographic area for similar properties as determined by a survey of brokers and agents in such area. Each management agreement has an initial one year term, subject to automatic one-year renewals unless either party gives prior notice of its desire to terminate the management agreement. For the three months ended March 31, 2016 our property manager earned $1,262 of property management and leasing fees. For the three months ended March 31, 2015 our property manager earned $755 of property management and leasing fees. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we had liabilities payable to our property manager for property management and leasing fees of $428 and $263, respectively.  These liabilities are presented within accounts payable and accrued expenses in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

Dividends Paid to Affiliates of our Advisor

As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, RAIT owned 15.4% and 15.5% of the outstanding shares of our common stock, respectively.  For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, we declared and subsequently paid dividends of $1,309 and $1,309, respectively, related to shares of common stock owned by RAIT.

 

RAIT Indebtedness

See NOTE 4: Indebtedness, for a description of our mortgage indebtedness owed to RAIT.

 

 

18


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2016

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

NOTE 8: Earnings (Loss) Per Share

The following table presents a reconciliation of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015:

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

Net Income (loss)

 

$

(46

)

 

$

(241

)

(Income) loss allocated to non-controlling interests

 

 

(29

)

 

 

8

 

Net Income (loss) allocable to common shares

 

 

(75

)

 

 

(233

)

Weighted-average shares outstanding—Basic

 

 

47,093,343

 

 

 

31,768,468

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding—Diluted

 

 

47,093,343

 

 

 

31,768,468

 

Earnings (loss) per share—Basic

 

$

-

 

 

$

(0.01

)

Earnings (loss) per share—Diluted

 

$

-

 

 

$

(0.01

)

 

Certain IROP units, stock appreciation rights, or SARs, and unvested shares were excluded from the earnings (loss) per share computation because their effect would have been anti-dilutive, totaling 3,061,585 and 1,421,950 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

 

NOTE 9: Other Disclosures

Litigation

On June 11, 2015, three purported stockholders filed a complaint in the Circuit Court of Maryland for Baltimore City on behalf of a putative class of TSRE stockholders and naming as defendants TSRE’s Board of Directors, or the individual defendants, and TSRE.  The case is captioned Tony Blank Family Trust et al. v. Trade Street Residential, Inc. et al., Case No. 24-C-15-003081, or the Blank action.  TSRE is listed as a defendant in the caption of plaintiffs’ complaint, but no claim is asserted against TSRE.  On July 15, 2015, the plaintiffs amended their complaint and added Monarch Alternative Capital, LP, Senator Investment Group, LP, and BHR Capital LLC, or the shareholder defendants, as defendants.

The amended complaint generally alleges that, in connection with the acquisition of TSRE by IRT, the individual defendants breached their fiduciary duties by approving an acquisition that was financially unfair to TSRE’s stockholders and by conducting a sale process in which the individual defendants had conflicts of interest.  The amended complaint also alleges that the shareholder defendants aided and abetted the individual defendants’ alleged breaches of their fiduciary duties and were unjustly enriched by the TSRE acquisition.  The amended complaint seeks, among other things, compensatory damages, pre- and post-judgment interest, an order requiring that the individual defendants affiliated with the shareholder defendants disgorge all profits, compensation and other benefits obtained by them as a result of their conduct in connection with the TSRE acquisition, and an award of the plaintiffs’ costs and disbursements of this action, including attorney’s fees.  On September 25, 2015 the defendants moved to dismiss the amended complaint.  On November 6, 2015, plaintiffs in the Blank action amended their complaint for a second time in response to certain arguments raised by defendants in their motions to dismiss.  The second amended complaint adds a claim against the shareholder defendants for breach of fiduciary duty as controlling stockholders of TSRE.  The defendants have moved to dismiss the second amended complaint and the motions are currently pending.

IRT, as successor by the TSRE acquisition to TSRE, and the individual defendants intend to vigorously defend against the claim. We cannot assure you that the matter will be resolved favorably to us. We have included in our loss contingency an estimate of probable loss relating to our legal defense costs in connection with this matter, but currently cannot reasonably estimate any further possible loss, or any range of reasonably possible loss, in connection with this matter.

In addition, we are subject to various other legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business operations. Matters which arise out of allegations of bodily injury, property damage, and employment practices are generally covered by insurance. While the resolution of these other matters cannot be predicted with certainty, we currently believe the final outcome of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

19


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2016

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Other Matters

To the extent that a natural disaster or similar event occurs with more than a remote risk of having a material impact on the consolidated financial statements, we will disclose the estimated range of possible outcomes, and, if an outcome is probable, accrue an appropriate liability.

 

 

 

20


Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

The Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, encourages companies to disclose forward-looking information so that investors can better understand a company’s future prospects and make informed investment decisions. This report contains or incorporates by reference such “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or Exchange Act.

Words such as “anticipates,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes” and words and terms of similar substance used in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance identify forward-looking statements. As used herein, the terms “we,” “our” and “us” refer to Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and, as required by context, Independence Realty Operating Partnership, LP, which we refer to as IROP, and their subsidiaries.

We claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements provided in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements may be made directly in this report and they may also be incorporated by reference in this report to other documents filed with the SEC, and include, but are not limited to, statements about future financial and operating results and performance, statements about our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions with respect to future operations, products and services, and other statements that are not historical facts. These forward-looking statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of our management and are inherently subject to significant business, economic and competitive uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are difficult to predict and generally beyond our control. In addition, these forward-looking statements are subject to assumptions with respect to future business strategies and decisions that are subject to change. Actual results may differ materially from the anticipated results discussed in these forward-looking statements.

The risk factors discussed and identified in Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 11, 2016, and in other of our public filings with the SEC, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements. We caution you not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section. Except to the extent required by applicable law or regulation, we undertake no obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this filing or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

Overview

We are a Maryland corporation that owns apartment properties in geographic submarkets that we believe support strong occupancy and have the potential for growth in rental rates. We seek to provide stockholders with attractive risk-adjusted returns, with an emphasis on distributions and capital appreciation. We are externally advised by a wholly-owned subsidiary of RAIT Financial Trust, or RAIT (NYSE: RAS), a multi-strategy commercial real estate company organized as an internally managed REIT with approximately $5.9 billion of assets under management as of March 31, 2016. RAIT invests primarily in commercial mortgage loans and, to a lesser extent, apartment properties. RAIT owned 15.4% of our outstanding common shares as of March 31, 2016. We elected to be taxed as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code, commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2011.

We seek to acquire and operate apartment properties that:

 

·

have stable occupancy;

 

·

are located in submarkets that we do not expect will experience substantial new apartment construction in the foreseeable future;

 

·

in appropriate circumstances, present opportunities for repositioning or updating through capital expenditures; and

 

·

present opportunities to apply tailored marketing and management strategies to attract and retain residents and enable rent increases.

In the three month period ended March 31, 2016, we focused on absorbing the growth we experienced during 2015 due primarily to our acquisition of TSRE in September 2015 and implementing our capital recycling strategy described below to reduce our leverage over time. During the three-month period ended March 31, 2016, revenue increased $17.0 million as compared to last year. This increase was primarily due to $16.7 million of revenue associated with properties we acquired in the TSRE acquisition.

21


 

On a same-store basis, rental revenue was up this quarter as compared to first quarter last year, as rental rates increased 3.3% on average across the same-store portfolio.  On a same-store basis, net operating income increased 3.7% year-to-year.  See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures – Same Store Portfolio Net Operating Income” below for our definition of same store and definitions and reconciliations related to our net operating income margin.

As of March 31, 2016, we had $1.4 billion of gross investments in real estate, representing 13,502 units and $0.9 billion of debt, with a weighted average effective interest cost of 3.6%. Since we completed the TSRE acquisition in September 2015, we have been actively reducing IRT’s leverage through targeted asset sales.  As of the date of this filing, we have sold four properties for an aggregate purchase price $121.6 million, realizing an aggregate of $53.9 million of proceeds after costs and repayment of property specific financing.  All of these proceeds were used to reduce our KeyBank interim facility to $60.2 million in May 2016.    We are contemplating options to retire and/or finance the remaining balance of the KeyBank interim facility prior to its maturity.  After that refinancing, IRT would have no debt maturities in 2016 or 2017, other than normal principal amortization.

As of March 31, 2016, we own 48 apartment properties containing an aggregate of 13,502 apartment units. We refer to these apartment properties as our “existing portfolio.” As of March 31, 2016, our existing portfolio had an average occupancy of 93.5% and an average monthly effective rent per occupied apartment unit of $952. 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Funds from Operations and Core Funds from Operations

We believe that FFO and Core FFO, each of which is a non-GAAP financial measure, are additional appropriate measures of the operating performance of a REIT and us in particular. We compute FFO in accordance with the standards established by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, or NAREIT, as net income or loss allocated to common shares (computed in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP), excluding real estate-related depreciation and amortization expense, gains or losses on sales of real estate and the cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles.

Core FFO is a computation made by analysts and investors to measure a real estate company’s operating performance by removing the effect of items that do not reflect ongoing property operations, including acquisition and integration expenses, expensed costs related to the issuance of shares of our common stock, gains or losses on real estate transactions and equity-based compensation expenses, from the determination of FFO. We incur acquisition and integration expenses in connection with acquisitions of real estate properties and expense those costs when incurred in accordance with U.S. GAAP. As these expenses are one-time and reflective of investing activities rather than operating performance, we add back these costs to FFO in determining Core FFO.

Our calculation of Core FFO differs from the methodology used for calculating Core FFO by some other REITs and, accordingly, our Core FFO may not be comparable to Core FFO reported by other REITs. Our management utilizes FFO and Core FFO as measures of our operating performance, and believes they are also useful to investors, because they facilitate an understanding of our operating performance after adjustment for certain non-cash items, such as depreciation and amortization expenses, and with respect to Core FFO, acquisition and integration expenses and pursuit costs that are required by GAAP to be expensed but may not necessarily be indicative of current operating performance and that may not accurately compare our operating performance between periods. Furthermore, although FFO, Core FFO and other supplemental performance measures are defined in various ways throughout the REIT industry, we also believe that FFO and Core FFO may provide us and our investors with an additional useful measure to compare our financial performance to certain other REITs. We also use Core FFO for purposes of determining the quarterly incentive fee, if any, payable to our advisor.

Neither FFO nor Core FFO is equivalent to net income or cash generated from operating activities determined in accordance with GAAP. Furthermore, FFO and Core FFO do not represent amounts available for management’s discretionary use because of needed capital replacement or expansion, debt service obligations or other commitments or uncertainties. Neither FFO nor Core FFO should be considered as an alternative to net income as an indicator of our operating performance or as an alternative to cash flow from operating activities as a measure of our liquidity.

22


 

Set forth below is a reconciliation of net income (loss) to FFO and Core FFO for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 (in thousands, except share and per share information):

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Per Share (1)

 

 

Amount

 

 

Per Share (2)

 

Funds From Operations: