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EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.irt-ex321_16.htm
EX-32.2 - EX-32.2 - INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.irt-ex322_17.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.irt-ex312_15.htm
EX-12.1 - EX-12.1 - INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.irt-ex121_667.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.irt-ex311_14.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2015

OR

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission file number 001-36041

 

INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

Maryland

26-4567130

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

Cira Centre

2929 Arch St., 17th Floor

Philadelphia, PA

19104

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(Zip Code)

(215) 243-9000

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large Accelerated filer

o

Accelerated filer

x

 

 

 

 

Non-Accelerated filer

o

Smaller reporting company

¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  o    No   x

As of November 6, 2015 there were 47,070,678 shares of the Registrant’s common stock issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 


INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.

INDEX

 

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

3

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements (unaudited)

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three-Month and Nine-Month Periods ended September 30, 2015 and September 30, 2014

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity for the Nine-Month Period ended September 30, 2015

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine-Month Periods ended September 30, 2015 and September 30, 2014

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements as of September 30, 2015 (unaudited)

8

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

22

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

29

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

31

 

 

 

 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

31

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

31

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

32

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

32

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

32

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

32

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

 

Other Information

32

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

32

 

 

 

 

Signatures

33

 

 

 


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item  1.

Financial Statements

Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

 

As of

September 30,

2015

 

 

As of

December 31,

2014

 

ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments in real estate:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments in real estate, at cost

 

$

1,400,892

 

 

$

689,112

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(35,304

)

 

 

(23,376

)

Investments in real estate, net

 

 

1,365,588

 

 

 

665,736

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

16,939

 

 

 

14,763

 

Restricted cash

 

 

7,330

 

 

 

5,206

 

Accounts receivable and other assets

 

 

5,153

 

 

 

2,270

 

Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $7,743 and $4,346, respectively

 

 

7,544

 

 

 

3,251

 

Deferred costs, net of accumulated amortization of $792 and $505, respectively

 

 

10,701

 

 

 

2,924

 

Total Assets

 

$

1,413,255

 

 

$

694,150

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indebtedness

 

$

993,908

 

 

$

418,901

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

18,724

 

 

 

8,353

 

Accrued interest payable

 

 

558

 

 

 

49

 

Dividends payable

 

 

2,427

 

 

 

1,982

 

Other liabilities

 

 

3,183

 

 

 

1,831

 

Total Liabilities

 

 

1,018,800

 

 

 

431,116

 

Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized, 0 and

   0 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 300,000,000 shares authorized, 47,070,678

   and 31,800,076 shares issued and outstanding, including 124,000 and 36,000

   unvested restricted common share awards, respectively

 

 

471

 

 

 

318

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

377,989

 

 

 

267,683

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

5

 

 

 

-

 

Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)

 

 

(10,174

)

 

 

(16,728

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

368,291

 

 

 

251,273

 

Noncontrolling interests

 

 

26,164

 

 

 

11,761

 

Total Equity

 

 

394,455

 

 

 

263,034

 

Total Liabilities and Equity

 

$

1,413,255

 

 

$

694,150

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

3


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

 

For the Three-Month

Periods Ended September 30

 

 

For the Nine-Month

Periods Ended September 30

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

REVENUE:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental income

 

$

22,758

 

 

$

11,872

 

 

$

62,469

 

 

$

29,838

 

Tenant reimbursement income

 

 

1,039

 

 

 

505

 

 

 

2,980

 

 

 

1,307

 

Other income

 

 

1,695

 

 

 

672

 

 

 

4,418

 

 

 

1,677

 

Total revenue

 

 

25,492

 

 

 

13,049

 

 

 

69,867

 

 

 

32,822

 

EXPENSES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property operating expenses

 

 

11,945

 

 

 

6,144

 

 

 

32,557

 

 

 

15,706

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

546

 

 

 

248

 

 

 

1,468

 

 

 

794

 

Asset management fees

 

 

1,259

 

 

 

445

 

 

 

3,731

 

 

 

1,092

 

Acquisition expenses

 

 

12,830

 

 

 

687

 

 

 

13,031

 

 

 

1,201

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

4,704

 

 

 

3,309

 

 

 

16,462

 

 

 

8,664

 

Total expenses

 

 

31,284

 

 

 

10,833

 

 

 

67,249

 

 

 

27,457

 

Operating income

 

 

(5,792

)

 

 

2,216

 

 

 

2,618

 

 

 

5,365

 

Interest expense

 

 

(5,094

)

 

 

(2,281

)

 

 

(13,393

)

 

 

(5,510

)

Interest income

 

 

18

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

12

 

TSRE financing extinguishment and employee separation expenses

 

 

(27,508

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(27,508

)

 

 

-

 

Gains (losses) on TSRE merger and property acquisitions

 

 

64,012

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

64,012

 

 

 

2,882

 

Net income (loss):

 

 

25,636

 

 

 

(58

)

 

 

25,748

 

 

 

2,749

 

(Income) loss allocated to noncontrolling interest

 

 

(1,621

)

 

 

2

 

 

 

(1,629

)

 

 

2

 

Net income (loss) allocable to common shares

 

$

24,015

 

 

$

(56

)

 

$

24,119

 

 

$

2,751

 

Earnings (loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.71

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

0.74

 

 

$

0.14

 

Diluted

 

$

0.71

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

0.74

 

 

$

0.14

 

Weighted-average shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

33,962,015

 

 

 

24,011,540

 

 

 

32,516,470

 

 

 

19,004,591

 

Diluted

 

 

33,962,015

 

 

 

24,011,540

 

 

 

32,520,684

 

 

 

19,040,301

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

4


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

For the Three-Month

Periods Ended September 30

 

 

For the Nine-Month

Periods Ended September 30

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

25,636

 

 

$

(58

)

 

$

25,748

 

 

$

2,749

 

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of interest rate hedges

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss) before allocation to noncontrolling interests

 

 

25,641

 

 

 

(58

)

 

 

25,753

 

 

 

2,749

 

Allocation to noncontrolling interests

 

 

(1,621

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,629

)

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

$

24,020

 

 

$

(58

)

 

$

24,124

 

 

$

2,749

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

5


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share information)

 

 

 

Common

Shares

 

 

Par

Value

Common

Shares

 

 

Additional

Paid In

Capital

 

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

 

 

Retained

Earnings

(Deficit)

 

 

Total

Shareholders’

Equity

 

 

Noncontrolling

Interests

 

 

Total

Equity

 

Balance, January 1, 2015

 

 

31,800,076

 

 

$

318

 

 

$

267,683

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

(16,728

)

 

$

251,273

 

 

$

11,761

 

 

$

263,034

 

Net income

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

24,119

 

 

 

24,119

 

 

 

1,629

 

 

 

25,748

 

Common dividends declared

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(17,565

)

 

 

(17,565

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(17,565

)

Other comprehensive income

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

5

 

Stock compensation expense

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

297

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

297

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

297

 

Common shares issued, net

 

 

15,217,669

 

 

 

153

 

 

 

109,516

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

109,669

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

109,669

 

Issuance of noncontrolling interests

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

13,998

 

 

 

13,998

 

Converson of noncontrolling interest to common shares

 

 

52,933

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

493

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

493

 

 

 

(493

)

 

 

-

 

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(731

)

 

 

(731

)

Balance, September 30, 2015

 

 

47,070,678

 

 

$

471

 

 

$

377,989

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

(10,174

)

 

$

368,291

 

 

$

26,164

 

 

$

394,455

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

6


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

For the Nine-Month

Periods Ended September 30

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

25,748

 

 

$

2,749

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash flow from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

16,462

 

 

 

8,664

 

Amortization of deferred financing costs and premium on indebtedness, net

 

 

(339

)

 

 

(478

)

Stock compensation expense

 

 

297

 

 

 

175

 

TSRE financing extinguishment expenses

 

 

23,219

 

 

 

-

 

(Gains) losses on TSRE merger and property acquisitions

 

 

(64,012

)

 

 

(2,882

)

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable and other assets

 

 

3,332

 

 

 

(78

)

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

2,302

 

 

 

2,415

 

Accrued interest payable

 

 

379

 

 

 

(33

)

Other liabilities

 

 

(2,421

)

 

 

(35

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

4,967

 

 

 

10,497

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of real estate properties

 

 

(24,746

)

 

 

(178,158

)

TSRE merger, net of cash acquired

 

 

(137,094

)

 

 

-

 

Capital expenditures

 

 

(5,641

)

 

 

(2,522

)

(Increase) in restricted cash

 

 

(2,124

)

 

 

(3,427

)

Cash flow used in investing activities

 

 

(169,605

)

 

 

(184,107

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Debt issuances

 

 

488,725

 

 

 

100,917

 

Debt repayments

 

 

(272,295

)

 

 

(20,618

)

(Payments related to) proceeds from issuance of common stock

 

 

(190

)

 

 

134,881

 

TSRE financing extinguishment expenses

 

 

(23,219

)

 

 

-

 

(Payments) for deferred financing costs

 

 

(8,356

)

 

 

(75

)

Distributions on common stock

 

 

(17,166

)

 

 

(9,981

)

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

 

(685

)

 

 

(62

)

Net cash from financing activities

 

 

166,814

 

 

 

205,062

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

2,176

 

 

 

31,452

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

 

14,763

 

 

 

3,334

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of the period

 

$

16,939

 

 

$

34,786

 

Supplemental cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

13,354

 

 

$

6,022

 

Non-cash decrease in noncontrolling interest from conversion of common limited

   partnership units to share of common stock

 

$

493

 

 

$

-

 

Mortgage debt assumed

 

$

121,885

 

 

$

66,963

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

7


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of September 30, 2015

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

NOTE 1: Organization

Independence Realty Trust, Inc. was formed on March 26, 2009 as a Maryland corporation that has elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, commencing with the taxable year ended December 31, 2011. We are externally managed by a subsidiary of RAIT Financial Trust, or RAIT, a publicly traded Maryland REIT whose common shares are listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “RAS.” As used herein, the terms “we,” “our” and “us” refer to Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and, as required by context, Independence Realty Operating Partnership, LP, which we refer to as IROP, and their subsidiaries. We own apartment properties in geographic submarkets that we believe support strong occupancy and have the potential for growth in rental rates. We seek to provide stockholders with attractive risk-adjusted returns, with an emphasis on distributions and capital appreciation. We own substantially all of our assets and conduct our operations through IROP, of which we are the sole general partner.

 

On September 17, 2015, we completed the merger, or the TSRE merger, with Trade Street Residential, Inc., or TSRE, whereby we acquired TSRE. Pursuant to the TSRE merger, (i) a subsidiary of IROP merged into the operating partnership subsidiary of TSRE, or the TSR OP, with TSR OP continuing as the surviving entity, and (ii) TSRE merged with and an IRT’s subsidiary, with our subsidiary continuing as the surviving entity and a wholly-owned subsidiary of IRT. As a result of the TSRE merger, each outstanding share of common stock of TSRE was converted automatically into the right to receive (a) $3.80 in cash and (b) 0.4108 shares of common stock of IRT, plus cash in lieu of fractional shares.  As a result, we issued approximately 15.1 million shares of common stock as equity consideration in the TSRE merger.  Immediately prior to the TSRE merger, the third party holder of units of limited partnership interest of TSR OP, or TSR OP units, contributed all of their TSR OP units to IROP in exchange for 1,925,419 units of limited partnership interest of IROP, or IROP Units, plus cash in lieu of fractional IROP Units. As a result of the TSRE merger, we have over $1.4 billion of total capitalization and own 14,044 units across 50 properties.  The net assets and results of operations of TSRE will be included in our condensed consolidated financial statements beginning September 17, 2015.  As a result, a gain from a bargain purchase was recognized.  See Note 3: TSRE Merger for further information.  

 

 

 

NOTE 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

a. Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared by management in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or GAAP. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although we believe that the included disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2014 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly our consolidated financial position and consolidated results of operations and cash flows are included. The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year.  Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform with the current period presentation.

b. Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements reflect our accounts and the accounts of IROP and other wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

c. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

8


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of September 30, 2015

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

d. Investments in Real Estate

Allocation of Purchase Price of Acquired Assets

We account for acquisitions of properties that meet the definition of a business pursuant to Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, Accounting Standards Codification, or ASC, Topic 805, “Business Combinations”. The fair value of the real estate acquired is allocated to the acquired tangible assets, consisting of land, building and tenant improvements, and identified intangible assets and liabilities, consisting of the value of above-market and below-market leases for acquired in-place leases and the value of tenant relationships, based in each case on their fair values. Purchase accounting is applied to assets and liabilities associated with the real estate acquired. Transaction costs and fees incurred related to acquisitions are expensed as incurred. Transaction costs and fees incurred related to the financing of an acquisition are capitalized and amortized over the life of the loan.

Upon the acquisition of properties, we estimate the fair value of acquired tangible assets (consisting of land, building and improvements) and identified intangible assets and liabilities (consisting of above and below-market leases, in-place leases and tenant relationships), and assumed debt at the date of acquisition, based on the evaluation of information and estimates available at that date. Based on these estimates, we allocate the initial purchase price to the applicable assets and liabilities. As final information regarding fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed is received and estimates are refined, appropriate adjustments will be made to the purchase price allocation, in no case later than twelve months of the acquisition date. During the three and nine month period ended September 30, 2015, we did not make any adjustments to purchase price allocations.

In determining the fair value of the identified intangible assets and liabilities of an acquired property, above-market and below-market in-place lease values are recorded based on the present value (using an interest rate which reflects the risks associated with the leases acquired) of the differences between (i) the contractual amounts to be paid pursuant to the in-place leases and (ii) management’s estimate of fair market lease rates for the corresponding in-place leases, measured over a period equal to the remaining term of the lease. The capitalized above-market lease values and the capitalized below-market lease values are amortized as an adjustment to rental income over the lease term. During the three and nine month period ended September 30, 2015, we acquired in-place leases with a value of $7,471 and $7,690, respectively, related to our acquisitions that are discussed further in NOTE 3: TSRE Merger and NOTE 4: Investments in Real Estate.

 

The aggregate value of in-place leases is determined by evaluating various factors, including an estimate of carrying costs during the expected lease-up periods, current market conditions and similar leases. In estimating carrying costs, management includes real estate taxes, insurance and other operating expenses, and estimates of lost rental revenue during the expected lease-up periods based on current market demand. Management also estimates costs to execute similar leases including leasing commissions, legal and other related costs. The value assigned to this intangible asset is amortized over the assumed lease up period, typically six months. For the three and nine-months ended September 30, 2015 we recorded $109 and $3,397 of amortization expense for intangible assets, respectively. For the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2014 we recorded $983 and $2,927 of amortization expense for intangible assets, respectively. As of September 30, 2015, we expect to record additional amortization expense on current in-place lease intangible assets of $3,809 and $3,735 for the remainder of 2015 and 2016, respectively.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

Management evaluates the recoverability of our investment in real estate assets, including related identifiable intangible assets, in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment”. This statement requires that long-lived assets be reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that recoverability of the assets is not assured.

Management evaluates the long-lived assets on an ongoing basis and records an impairment charge when there is an indicator of impairment. The estimated cash flows used for the impairment analysis and the determination of estimated fair value are based on our plans for the respective assets and our views of market and economic conditions. The estimates consider matters such as current and historical rental rates, occupancies for the respective and/or comparable properties, and recent sales data for comparable properties. Changes in estimated future cash flows due to changes in our plans or views of market and economic conditions could result in recognition of impairment losses, which, under the applicable accounting guidance, could be substantial.

9


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of September 30, 2015

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

Depreciation expense for real estate assets is computed using a straight-line method based on a life of 40 years for buildings and improvements and five to ten years for equipment and fixtures. Expenditures for tenant improvements are capitalized and amortized over the initial term of each lease. For the three and nine-months ended September 30, 2015 we recorded $4,594 and $13,064 of depreciation expense, respectively. For the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2014 we recorded $2,326 and $5,737 of depreciation expense, respectively.

e. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Where available, fair value is based on observable market prices or parameters or derived from such prices or parameters. Where observable prices or inputs are not available, valuation models are applied. These valuation techniques involve management estimation and judgment, the degree of which is dependent on the price transparency for the instruments or market and the instruments’ complexity for disclosure purposes. Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value in the consolidated balance sheets are categorized based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure their value. Hierarchical levels, as defined in FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” and directly related to the amount of subjectivity associated with the inputs to fair valuations of these assets and liabilities, are as follows:

 

·

Level 1: Valuations are based on unadjusted, quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities at the measurement date. The types of assets carried at level 1 fair value generally are equity securities listed in active markets. As such, valuations of these investments do not entail a significant degree of judgment.

 

·

Level 2: Valuations are based on quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets or quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active or for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly.

 

·

Level 3: Inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability, and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability. In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement in its entirety falls has been determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset.

The availability of observable inputs can vary depending on the financial asset or liability and is affected by a wide variety of factors, including, for example, the type of investment, whether the investment is new, whether the investment is traded on an active exchange or in the secondary market, and the current market condition. To the extent that valuation is based on models or inputs that are less observable or unobservable in the market, the determination of fair value requires more judgment. Accordingly, the degree of judgment exercised by us in determining fair value is greatest for instruments categorized in level 3.

Fair value is a market-based measure considered from the perspective of a market participant who holds the asset or owes the liability rather than an entity-specific measure. Therefore, even when market assumptions are not readily available, our own assumptions are set to reflect those that management believes market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. We use prices and inputs that management believes are current as of the measurement date, including during periods of market dislocation. In periods of market dislocation, the observability of prices and inputs may be reduced for many instruments. This condition could cause an instrument to be transferred from Level 1 to Level 2 or Level 2 to Level 3.

Fair value for certain of our Level 3 financial instruments is derived using internal valuation models. These internal valuation models include discounted cash flow analyses developed by management using current interest rates, estimates of the term of the particular instrument, specific issuer information and other market data for securities without an active market. In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”, the impact of our own credit spreads is also considered when measuring the fair value of financial assets or liabilities, including derivative contracts. Where appropriate, valuation adjustments are made to account for various factors, including bid-ask spreads, credit quality and market liquidity. These adjustments are applied on a consistent basis and are based on observable inputs where available. Management’s estimate of fair value requires significant management judgment and is subject to a high degree of variability based upon market conditions, the availability of specific issuer information and management’s assumptions.

10


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of September 30, 2015

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

FASB ASC Topic 825, “Financial Instruments” requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate that value. The fair value of mortgage indebtedness is based on a discounted cash flows valuation technique, which classifies this as a level 3 liability within the fair value hierarchy. The carrying value and fair value of mortgage indebtedness as of September 30, 2015 was $602,408 and $597,547, respectively. The carrying value and fair value of mortgage indebtedness as of December 31, 2014 was $400,509 and $411,311, respectively. The fair value of secured credit facility, bridge term loan, cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash approximates cost due to the nature of these instruments.

f. Derivative Instruments

We may use derivative financial instruments to hedge all or a portion of the interest rate risk associated with our borrowings. The principal objective of such arrangements is to minimize the risks and/or costs associated with our operating and financial structure as well as to hedge specific anticipated transactions. The counterparties to these contractual arrangements are major financial institutions with which we and our affiliates may also have other financial relationships. In the event of nonperformance by the counterparties, we are potentially exposed to credit loss. However, because of the high credit ratings of the counterparties, we do not anticipate that any of the counterparties will fail to meet their obligations.

In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”, we measure our derivative instruments at fair value.  For derivatives designated as cash flow hedges, the changes in the fair value of the effective portion of the derivative is reported in other comprehensive income and changes in the ineffective portion, if any, is recognized in earnings.  For derivatives not designated as hedges (or designated as fair value hedges), the change in fair value of the derivative instrument is recognized in earnings.  Any derivatives that we designate in hedge relationships are done so at inception.  At inception, we determine whether or not the derivative is highly effective in offsetting changes in the designated interest rate risk associated with the identified indebtedness using regression analysis.  At each reporting period, we update our regression analysis and use the hypothetical derivative method to measure any ineffectiveness.  

On September 30, 2015, we entered into an interest rate cap contract with a notional value of $200 million, a strike rate of 3.0% based on 1-month LIBOR and a maturity date of October 17, 2017 to hedge our interest rate exposure on floating rate indebtedness. We designated this interest rate cap as a cash flow hedge at inception and determined that the hedge is highly effective in offsetting interest rate fluctuations associated with the identified indebtedness. As of September 30, 2015, this derivative had a fair value of $0.04 million and we concluded that this hedging relationship was and will continue to be highly effective, and using the hypothetical derivative method, did not recognize any ineffectiveness.  As of September 30, 2015, less than $0.01 million was reported in accumulated other comprehensive income.  During the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015 no amounts have been reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income to earnings.  

g. Recent Accounting Pronouncements

On January 1, 2015, we adopted the accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 205, “Presentation of Financial Statements”. This accounting standard amends existing guidance to change reporting requirements for discontinued operations by requiring the disposal of an entity to be reported in discontinued operations if the disposal represents a strategic shift that has or will have a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results. This standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2014. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”. This accounting standard generally replaces existing guidance by requiring an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. This standard is currently effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. On July 9, 2015, the FASB affirmed its proposal to defer the effective date of this accounting standard by one year. Management is currently evaluating the impact that this standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 810, “Consolidation”. This accounting standard amends the consolidation analysis required under GAAP and requires management to reevaluate all previous consolidation conclusions. This standard considers limited partnerships as VIEs, unless the limited partners have either substantive kick-out or participating rights. The presumption that a general partner should consolidate a limited partnership has also been

11


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of September 30, 2015

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

eliminated. The standard amends the effect that fees paid to a decision maker or service provider have on the consolidation analysis, as well as amends how variable interests held by a reporting entity’s related parties affect the consolidation conclusion. This standard also clarifies how to determine whether equity holders as a group have power over an entity. This standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015, with an early adoption permitted. Management is currently evaluating the impact that this standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 835, “Interest”. This accounting standard amends existing guidance to change reporting requirements for debt issuance costs by requiring debt issuance costs to be presented on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the debt liability. This standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015, with an early adoption permitted. Retrospective application to prior periods is required. Management does not expect that this accounting standard will have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In September 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 805, “Business Combinations”.  This accounting standard amends existing guidance related to measurement period adjustments by requiring the adjustments to be recognized prospectively with disclosure of the impact of the adjustments had they been applied previously.  This standard is effective for interim and annual reporting beginning after December 15, 2015, with early adoption permitted.  As this standard only applies to measurement period adjustments that occur after the effective date, this standard is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.  

 

 

NOTE 3: TSRE Merger

 

As previously discussed in Note 1, the TSRE merger closed on September 17, 2015. The preliminary fair value of the assets and liabilities acquired on acquired on September 17, 2015 was as follows:

 

Investments in real estate

$

682,237

 

Cash assumed

 

2,685

 

Accounts receivable and other assets

 

6,123

 

Intangible assets

 

7,471

 

Indebtedness

 

(359,495

)

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

(7,581

)

Accrued interest payable

 

(130

)

Other liabilities

 

(3,662

)

Net assets acquired

$

327,648

 

 

The fair value of the consideration transferred on September 17, 2015 was as follows:

 

Cash consideration for TSRE merger

$

139,781

 

Equity consideration for TSRE merger

 

123,855

 

 Total

$

263,636

 

 

The fair value of the equity consideration transferred was comprised of $109,857 of common shares and $13,998 of IRT OP units.  The fair value was based on the price of our common shares upon completion of the merger.

As the fair value of the net assets acquired exceeded the fair value of the consideration transferred, we recognized a gain from a bargain purchase of $64,012.  In determining whether a gain from a bargain purchase was appropriate, we reassessed whether we correctly identified all of the assets acquired and all of the liabilities assumed from TSRE.  We determined that we correctly identified all of the assets acquired and all of the liabilities assumed from TSRE and, as a result, a gain from a bargain purchase was appropriate.  

The gain from a bargain purchase was a result of the following: (i) the fair value of IRT’s common stock at closing was lower than the negotiated price pursuant to the TSRE merger Agreement (resulting in approximately $34 million of the gain), and (ii), the fair value of the 19 TSRE properties acquired, which was supported by appraisals and broker opinions of value received, was higher

12


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of September 30, 2015

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

than the expectation that served as a basis for the negotiated purchase price (resulting in approximately $30 million of the gain, primarily due to the use of current, market-based capitalization rates).

The $359,495 of indebtedness acquired was comprised of $237,610 of indebtedness that we paid off at the closing of the TSRE merger and $121,885 of indebtedness that remained on our balance sheet, which was recognized at its fair value.  

As part of the TSRE merger, we incurred $12,530 of acquisition expenses, which were recognized in earnings immediately.  We also incurred $23,219 of expenses associated with extinguishing financing arrangements and $4,289 of expenses associated with employee separations.  

The initial purchase accounting is based on our preliminary assessment, which may differ when final information becomes available. We believe that the information gathered to date provides a reasonable basis for estimating the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. We have received appraisals or broker opinions of value for all of the properties acquired and have performed fair value analyses for the liabilities assumed. We expect to complete the purchase accounting process as soon as practicable, but no later than one year from the date of acquisition.  

Unaudited pro forma financial information relating to the 19 TSRE properties acquired on September 17, 2015 has been included in Note 4: Investments in Real Estate.

 

 

NOTE 4: Investments in Real Estate

As of September 30, 2015, our investments in real estate consisted of 50 apartment properties with 14,044 units (unaudited). The table below summarizes our investments in real estate:

 

 

 

As of September 30,

2015

 

 

As of December 31,

2014

 

 

Depreciable Lives

(In years)

 

Land (1)

 

$

199,488

 

 

$

112,600

 

 

 

 

Building

 

 

1,190,856

 

 

 

570,475

 

 

 

40

 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

 

 

10,548

 

 

 

6,037

 

 

5-10

 

Total investment in real estate

 

$

1,400,892

 

 

$

689,112

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(35,304

)

 

 

(23,376

)

 

 

 

 

Investments in real estate, net

 

$

1,365,588

 

 

$

665,736

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

As of September 30, 2015, includes a parcel of land acquired with the TSRE merger that is held-for-sale and has a carrying amount of $3,283 and a fair value of $3,350.

Acquisitions

On May 1, 2015, we acquired a 236-unit (unaudited) apartment residential community located in Indianapolis, Indiana. We acquired the property for an aggregate purchase price of $25,250 exclusive of closing costs. Upon acquisition, we recorded the investment in real estate, including any related working capital and intangible assets, at fair value of $25,250 and did not record a gain.

As previously discussed, we completed the TSRE merger on September 17, 2015.  As part of the TSRE merger we acquired 19 properties containing 4,989 units (unaudited).  See Note 3: TSRE Merger for details on the assets acquired, liabilities assumed and consideration paid as part of the TSRE merger.  

13


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of September 30, 2015

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

The following table summarizes the aggregate fair value of the assets and liabilities associated with all of the properties acquired during the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, on the date of each acquisition, for the real estate accounted for under FASB ASC Topic 805.

 

Description

 

Fair Value

of Assets Acquired

During the

Nine-Month Period Ended

September 30,

2015

 

Assets acquired:

 

 

 

 

Investments in real estate

 

$

707,268

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

2,685

 

Accounts receivable and other assets

 

 

6,210

 

Intangible assets

 

 

7,690

 

Total assets acquired

 

$

723,853

 

Liabilities assumed:

 

 

 

 

Indebtedness

 

$

359,495

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

8,069

 

Accrued interest payable

 

 

130

 

Other liabilities

 

 

3,764

 

Total liabilities assumed

 

$

371,458

 

Estimated fair value of net assets acquired

 

$

352,395

 

 

The table below presents the revenue and net income (loss) for the properties acquired during the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015 as reported in our consolidated financial statements. 

 

 

 

For the Three-Month Period

Ended September 30, 2015

 

 

For the Nine-Month Period

Ended September 30, 2015

 

Property

 

Total revenue

 

 

Net income (loss) allocable to common shares

 

 

Total revenue

 

 

Net income (loss) allocable to common shares

 

TSRE portfolio

 

$

2,668

 

 

$

1,539

 

 

$

2,668

 

 

$

1,539

 

Bayview Club

 

 

546

 

 

 

(175

)

 

 

1,143

 

 

 

53

 

Total

 

$

3,214

 

 

$

1,364

 

 

$

3,811

 

 

$

1,592

 

 

The table below presents the revenue, net income and earnings per share effect of the acquired properties on a pro forma basis as if the acquisitions occurred on January 1, 2014. These pro forma results are not necessarily indicative of the results which actually would have occurred if the acquisition had occurred on the first day of the periods presented, nor does the pro forma financial information purport to represent the results of operations for future periods: 

 

Description

 

For the

Three-Month

Period Ended

September 30, 2015

 

 

For the

Three-Month

Period Ended

September 30, 2014

 

Pro forma total revenue (unaudited)

 

 

16,735

 

 

 

15,033

 

Pro forma net income (loss) allocable to common shares (unaudited)

 

 

4,702

 

 

 

2,961

 

Earnings (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic-pro forma (unaudited)

 

 

0.14

 

 

 

0.12

 

Diluted-pro forma (unaudited)

 

 

0.13

 

 

 

0.12

 

14


Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As of September 30, 2015

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

Description

 

For the

Nine-Month

Period Ended

September 30, 2015

 

 

For the

Nine-Month

Period Ended

September 30, 2014

 

Pro forma total revenue (unaudited)

 

 

50,653

 

 

 

45,098

 

Pro forma net income (loss) allocable to common shares (unaudited)

 

 

13,237

 

 

 

8,882

 

Earnings (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic-pro forma (unaudited)

 

$

0.41

 

 

$

0.47

 

Diluted-pro forma (unaudited)

 

$

0.39

 

 

$

0.47

 

 

Dispositions

On October 15, 2015, we sold a parcel of land acquired in the TSRE merger for $3,350.  

      

 

 

 

NOTE 5: Indebtedness

The following tables contains summary information concerning our indebtedness as of September 30, 2015:

 

Debt:

 

Outstanding Principal

 

 

Carrying Amount

 

 

Type

 

Weighted Average Rate

 

 

Weighted Average Maturity (in years)

 

     Secured credit facility (1)

 

$

271,500

 

 

$

271,500

 

 

Floating

 

 

2.6%

 

 

 

3.0

 

     Bridge term loan

 

 

120,000

 

 

 

120,000

 

 

Floating

 

 

5.2%

 

 

 

1.0

 

     Mortgages-Fixed rate

 

 

563,721

 

 

 

564,333

 

 

Fixed

 

 

3.8%

 

 

 

7.0

 

     Mortgages-Floating rate

 

 

38,075

 

 

 

38,075

 

 

Floating

 

 

2.4%

 

 

 

5.6

 

Total Debt

 

$

993,296

 

 

$

993,908

 

 

 

 

 

3.6%

 

 

 

5.1

 

 

 

(1)

The secured credit facility total capacity is $325.0 million, of which $271.5 million was drawn as of September 30, 2015.

 

 

 

Original maturities on or before December 31,

 

Debt:

 

2015

 

 

2016

 

 

2017

 

 

2018

 

 

2019

 

 

Thereafter

 

     Secured credit facility

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

271,500

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

     Bridge term loan

 

 

-

 

 

 

120,000

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

     Mortgages-Fixed rate

 

 

498