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EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTFinancial_Report.xls
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTq115exhibit312.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTq115exhibit321.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTq115exhibit322.htm
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EX-10.3 - EXHIBIT 10.3 - PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTexhibit1032015-2017rsuprog.htm
EX-10.4 - EXHIBIT 10.4 - PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTexhibit1042015-2017rsuawar.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTq115exhibit311.htm
Table of Contents        

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
____________________________________________________
Form 10-Q
____________________________________________________ 
x
Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015
or
o
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number: 1-6300
  ____________________________________________________
PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
  ____________________________________________________
Pennsylvania
 
23-6216339
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
200 South Broad Street
Philadelphia, PA
 
19102
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (215) 875-0700
____________________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
x
 
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
o
Indicate by check mark whether registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes  o   No  x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Common shares of beneficial interest, $1.00 par value per share, outstanding at April 28, 2015: 69,117,325
 



Table of Contents        


PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST

CONTENTS
 

 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
Item 2.

 
 
 
Item 3.

 
 
 
Item 4.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.

 
 
 
Item 1A.

 
 
 
Item 2.

 
 
 
Item 3.
Not Applicable

 
 
 
Item 4.
Not Applicable

 
 
 
Item 5.
Not Applicable

 
 
 
Item 6.

 
 
 
 


Except as the context otherwise requires, references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to “we,” “our,” “us,” the “Company” and “PREIT” refer to Pennsylvania Real Estate Investment Trust and its subsidiaries, including our operating partnership, PREIT Associates, L.P. References in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to “PREIT Associates” or the “Operating Partnership” refer to PREIT Associates, L.P.



Table of Contents        

Item 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
 
(unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS:
 
 
 
INVESTMENTS IN REAL ESTATE, at cost:
 
 
 
Operating properties
$
3,676,010

 
$
3,216,231

Construction in progress
59,054

 
60,452

Land held for development
8,721

 
8,721

Total investments in real estate
3,743,785

 
3,285,404

Accumulated depreciation
(1,082,959
)
 
(1,061,051
)
Net investments in real estate
2,660,826

 
2,224,353

INVESTMENTS IN PARTNERSHIPS, at equity:
147,847

 
140,882

OTHER ASSETS:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
37,480

 
40,433

Tenant and other receivables (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $12,774 and $11,929 at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively)
37,500

 
40,566

Intangible assets (net of accumulated amortization of $11,974 and $11,873 at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively)
24,294

 
6,452

Deferred costs and other assets
87,653

 
87,017

Total assets
$
2,995,600

 
$
2,539,703

LIABILITIES:
 
 
 
Mortgage loans payable
$
1,409,049

 
$
1,407,947

Term Loans
250,000

 
130,000

Revolving Facility
210,000

 

Tenants’ deposits and deferred rent
16,833

 
15,541

Distributions in excess of partnership investments
65,746

 
65,956

Fair value of derivative liabilities
4,377

 
2,490

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
86,916

 
73,032

Total liabilities
2,042,921

 
1,694,966

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (Note 6):

 

EQUITY:
 
 
 
Series A Preferred Shares, $.01 par value per share; 25,000 preferred shares authorized; 4,600 shares of Series A Preferred Shares issued and outstanding at each of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014; liquidation preference of $115,000
46

 
46

Series B Preferred Shares, $.01 par value per share; 25,000 preferred shares authorized; 3,450 shares of Series B Preferred Shares issued and outstanding at each of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014; liquidation preference of $86,250
35

 
35

Shares of beneficial interest, $1.00 par value per share; 200,000 shares authorized; issued and outstanding 69,116 shares at March 31, 2015 and 68,801 shares at December 31, 2014
69,116

 
68,801

Capital contributed in excess of par
1,470,716

 
1,474,183

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(7,204
)
 
(6,002
)
Distributions in excess of net income
(753,585
)
 
(721,605
)
Total equity—Pennsylvania Real Estate Investment Trust
779,124

 
815,458

Noncontrolling interest
173,555

 
29,279

Total equity
952,679

 
844,737

Total liabilities and equity
$
2,995,600

 
$
2,539,703


See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
1

Table of Contents        

PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
(in thousands of dollars)
2015
 
2014
 
REVENUE:
 
 
 
 
Real estate revenue:
 
 
 
 
Base rent
$
64,273

 
$
71,342

 
Expense reimbursements
31,510

 
34,351

 
Percentage rent
524

 
590

 
Lease termination revenue
441

 
100

 
Other real estate revenue
2,035

 
2,226

 
Total real estate revenue
98,783

 
108,609

 
Other income
1,274

 
779

 
Total revenue
100,057

 
109,388

 
EXPENSES:
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 Property operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
CAM and real estate taxes
(33,807
)
 
(39,403
)
 
Utilities
(5,149
)
 
(8,210
)
 
Other property operating expenses
(4,196
)
 
(4,104
)
 
Total property operating expenses
(43,152
)
 
(51,717
)
 
 Depreciation and amortization
(33,189
)
 
(36,235
)
 
 General and administrative expenses
(8,943
)
 
(9,077
)
 
 Acquisition costs and other expenses
(4,451
)
 
(1,646
)
 
Total operating expenses
(89,735
)
 
(98,675
)
 
Interest expense, net
(20,145
)
 
(20,170
)
 
Impairment of assets
(6,240
)
 
(1,300
)
 
Total expenses
(116,120
)
 
(120,145
)
 
Loss before equity in income of partnerships and gain on sale of interest in non operating real estate
(16,063
)
 
(10,757
)
 
Equity in income of partnerships
2,083

 
2,402

 
Gain on sale of interest in non operating real estate
43

 

 
Net loss
(13,937
)
 
(8,355
)
 
Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
429

 
252

 
Net loss attributable to PREIT
(13,508
)
 
(8,103
)
 
Less: preferred share dividends
(3,962
)
 
(3,962
)
 
Net loss attributable to PREIT common shareholders
$
(17,470
)
 
$
(12,065
)
 


See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
2

Table of Contents        

 
PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)

(in thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
Net loss
$
(13,937
)
 
$
(8,355
)
 
Noncontrolling interest
429

 
252

 
Dividends on preferred shares
(3,962
)
 
(3,962
)
 
Dividends on unvested restricted shares
(86
)
 
(113
)
 
Net loss used to calculate loss per share—basic and diluted
$
(17,556
)
 
$
(12,178
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted loss per share:
$
(0.26
)
 
$
(0.18
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in thousands of shares)
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding—basic
68,566

 
67,944

 
Effect of common share equivalents (1) 

 

 
Weighted average shares outstanding—diluted
68,566

 
67,944

 
_________________________
(1) 
The Company had net losses used to calculate earnings per share for all periods presented. Therefore, the effects of common share equivalents of 432 and 403 for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively, are excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share for these periods because they would be antidilutive.



See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
3

Table of Contents        


PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
(in thousands of dollars)
2015
 
2014
 
Comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(13,937
)
 
$
(8,355
)
 
Unrealized loss on derivatives
(2,011
)
 
(1,183
)
 
Amortization of losses of settled swaps, net of gains
772

 
292

 
Total comprehensive loss
(15,176
)
 
(9,246
)
 
Less: comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
466

 
279

 
Comprehensive loss attributable to PREIT
$
(14,710
)
 
$
(8,967
)
 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
4

Table of Contents        



PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2015
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
PREIT Shareholders
 
 
(in thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)
Total
Equity
 
Series A
Preferred
Shares,
$.01 par
 
Series B
Preferred
Shares,
$.01 par
 
Shares of
Beneficial
Interest,
$1.00 Par
 
Capital
Contributed
in Excess of
Par
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Distributions
in Excess of
Net Income
 
Non-
controlling
interest
Balance December 31, 2014
$
844,737

 
$
46

 
$
35

 
$
68,801

 
$
1,474,183

 
$
(6,002
)
 
$
(721,605
)
 
$
29,279

Net loss
(13,937
)
 

 

 

 

 

 
(13,508
)
 
(429
)
Other comprehensive loss
(1,239
)
 

 

 

 

 
(1,202
)
 

 
(37
)
Shares issued under employee compensation plans, net of shares retired
(4,955
)
 

 

 
315

 
(5,270
)
 

 

 

Amortization of deferred compensation
1,803

 

 

 

 
1,803

 

 

 

Distributions paid to common shareholders ($0.21 per share)
(14,510
)
 

 

 

 

 

 
(14,510
)
 

Distributions paid to Series A preferred shareholders ($0.5156 per share)
(2,372
)
 

 

 

 

 

 
(2,372
)
 

Distributions paid to Series B preferred shareholders ($0.4609 per share)
(1,590
)
 

 

 

 

 

 
(1,590
)
 

Noncontrolling interests:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distributions paid to Operating Partnership unit holders ($0.21 per unit)
(446
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(446
)
Operating Partnership Units issued in connection with the purchase of Springfield Town Center
145,188

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
145,188

Balance March 31, 2015
$
952,679

 
$
46

 
$
35

 
$
69,116

 
$
1,470,716

 
$
(7,204
)
 
$
(753,585
)
 
$
173,555



See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
5

Table of Contents        

PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in thousands of dollars)
2015
 
2014
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(13,937
)
 
$
(8,355
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation
31,364

 
33,760

Amortization
2,450

 
2,710

Straight-line rent adjustments
(272
)
 
(518
)
Provision for doubtful accounts
1,259

 
745

Amortization of deferred compensation
1,803

 
2,124

Loss on hedge ineffectiveness
512

 

Gain on sale of interest in real estate
(43
)
 

Equity in income of partnerships in excess of distributions
(748
)
 
(392
)
Impairment of assets and expensed project costs
6,332

 
1,341

Change in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Net change in other assets
4,530

 
3,238

Net change in other liabilities
(6,332
)
 
(4,695
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
26,918

 
29,958

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Investments in consolidated real estate acquisitions
(319,986
)
 
(20,000
)
Additions to construction in progress
(3,211
)
 
(6,687
)
Investments in real estate improvements
(6,426
)
 
(5,931
)
Additions to leasehold improvements
(288
)
 
(270
)
Investments in partnerships
(7,708
)
 
(112
)
Capitalized leasing costs
(1,655
)
 
(1,420
)
Decrease in cash escrows
981

 
1,564

Cash distributions from partnerships in excess of equity in income
1,323

 
2,299

Net cash used in investing activities
(336,970
)
 
(30,557
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Borrowings from term loans
120,000

 
130,000

Net borrowings from (repayments of) revolving facility
210,000

 
(105,000
)
Proceeds from mortgage loans
5,844

 

Principal installments on mortgage loans
(4,742
)
 
(3,828
)
Payment of deferred financing costs
(130
)
 
(1,882
)
Dividends paid to common shareholders
(14,510
)
 
(13,727
)
Dividends paid to preferred shareholders
(3,962
)
 
(3,962
)
Distributions paid to Operating Partnership unit holders and non controlling interest
(446
)
 
(427
)
Value of shares of beneficial interest issued
337

 
1,916

Value of shares retired under equity incentive plans, net of shares issued
(5,292
)
 
(4,168
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
307,099

 
(1,078
)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
(2,953
)
 
(1,677
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
40,433

 
34,230

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
37,480

 
$
32,553


See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
6

Table of Contents        

PENNSYLVANIA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2015

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Nature of Operations

Pennsylvania Real Estate Investment Trust (“PREIT” or the “Company”) prepared the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although we believe that the included disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. Our unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the notes thereto included in PREIT’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014. In our opinion, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly our consolidated financial position, the consolidated results of our operations, consolidated statements of other comprehensive income (loss), consolidated statements of equity and our consolidated statements of cash flows are included. The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year.

PREIT, a Pennsylvania business trust founded in 1960 and one of the first equity real estate investment trusts (“REITs”) in the United States, has a primary investment focus on retail shopping malls located in the eastern half of the United States, primarily in the Mid-Atlantic region. As of March 31, 2015, our portfolio consisted of a total of 43 properties in 12 states, including 32 operating shopping malls, six other retail properties, four development properties and one property under redevelopment (The Gallery at Market East), with two of the development properties classified as “mixed use” (a combination of retail and other uses), one of the properties classified as “other retail” (outlet) and one of the development properties classified as “other.”

We hold our interest in our portfolio of properties through our operating partnership, PREIT Associates, L.P. (“PREIT Associates” or the “Operating Partnership”). We are the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership and, as of March 31, 2015, we held an 89.2% controlling interest in the Operating Partnership, and consolidated it for reporting purposes. The presentation of consolidated financial statements does not itself imply that the assets of any consolidated entity (including any special-purpose entity formed for a particular project) are available to pay the liabilities of any other consolidated entity, or that the liabilities of any consolidated entity (including any special-purpose entity formed for a particular project) are obligations of any other consolidated entity.

Pursuant to the terms of the partnership agreement of the Operating Partnership, each of the limited partners has the right to redeem such partner’s units of limited partnership interest in the Operating Partnership (“OP Units”) for cash or, at our election, we may acquire such OP Units in exchange for our common shares on a one-for-one basis, in some cases beginning one year following the respective issue dates of the OP Units and in other cases immediately. If all of the outstanding OP Units held by limited partners had been redeemed for cash as of March 31, 2015, the total amount that would have been distributed would have been $194.5 million, which is calculated using our March 31, 2015 closing price on the New York Stock Exchange of $23.23 per share multiplied by the number of outstanding OP Units held by limited partners, which was 8,372,215 as of March 31, 2015.

We provide management, leasing and real estate development services through two of our subsidiaries: PREIT Services, LLC (“PREIT Services”), which generally develops and manages properties that we consolidate for financial reporting purposes, and PREIT-RUBIN, Inc. (“PRI”), which generally develops and manages properties that we do not consolidate for financial reporting purposes, including properties owned by partnerships in which we own an interest and properties that are owned by third parties in which we do not have an interest. PREIT Services and PRI are consolidated. PRI is a taxable REIT subsidiary, as defined by federal tax laws, which means that it is able to offer an expanded menu of services to tenants without jeopardizing our continuing qualification as a REIT under federal tax law.

We evaluate operating results and allocate resources on a property-by-property basis, and do not distinguish or evaluate our consolidated operations on a geographic basis. Due to the nature of our operating properties, which involve retail shopping, we have concluded that our individual properties have similar economic characteristics and meet all other aggregation criteria. Accordingly, we have aggregated our individual properties into one reportable segment. In addition, no single tenant accounts for 10% or more of consolidated revenue, and none of our properties are located outside the United States.


7

Table of Contents        

Fair Value

Fair value accounting applies to reported balances that are required or permitted to be measured at fair value under existing accounting pronouncements. Fair value measurements are determined based on the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. As a basis for considering market participant assumptions in fair value measurements, these accounting requirements establish a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between market participant assumptions based on market data obtained from sources independent of the reporting entity (observable inputs that are classified within Levels 1 and 2 of the hierarchy) and the reporting entity’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions (unobservable inputs classified within Level 3 of the hierarchy).

Level 1 inputs utilize quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that we have the ability to access.

Level 2 inputs are inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 2 inputs might include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, as well as inputs that are observable for the asset or liability (other than quoted prices), such as interest rates, foreign exchange rates, and yield curves that are observable at commonly quoted intervals.

Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability, and are typically based on an entity’s own assumptions, as there is little, if any, related market activity.

In instances where the determination of the fair value measurement is based on inputs from different levels of the fair value hierarchy, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the entire fair value measurement falls is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset or liability. We utilize the fair value hierarchy in our accounting for derivatives (Level 2) and financial instruments (Level 2) and in our reviews for impairment of real estate assets (Level 3) and goodwill (Level 3).

New Accounting Developments

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.” The objective of this new standard is to establish a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. The core principle of this new standard is that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The new guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 for public companies. Early adoption is not permitted. Entities have the option of using either a full retrospective or modified approach to adopt this standard. We are currently evaluating the new guidance and have not determined the impact this standard might have on our consolidated financial statements, nor have we decided upon the method of adoption.


2. REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES

Investments in real estate as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 were comprised of the following:
 
(in thousands of dollars)
As of March 31,
2015
 
As of December 31,
2014
Buildings, improvements and construction in progress
$
3,184,555

 
$
2,843,326

Land, including land held for development
559,230

 
442,078

Total investments in real estate
3,743,785

 
3,285,404

Accumulated depreciation
(1,082,959
)
 
(1,061,051
)
Net investments in real estate
$
2,660,826

 
$
2,224,353



8

Table of Contents        

Capitalization of Costs

The following table summarizes our capitalized salaries, commissions, benefits and interest for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
(in thousands of dollars)
2015
 
2014
 
Development/Redevelopment Activities:
 
 
 
 
Salaries and benefits
$
154

 
$
394

 
Interest
35

 
103

 
Leasing Activities:
 
 
 
 
Salaries, commissions and benefits
1,655

 
1,420

 

Acquisition

On March 31, 2015, we acquired Springfield Town Center in Springfield, Virginia for aggregate consideration of $486.6 million, consisting of the following components: (i) the assumption and immediate payoff of $263.8 million of indebtedness owed to affiliates of Vornado Realty L.P.; (ii) 6,250,000 OP Units valued at $145.2 million, (iii) liabilities relating to tenant improvements and allowances of $14.8 million, (iv) the estimated present value of the “Earnout” (as described below) of $7.7 million, and (v) the remainder in cash. The seller is potentially entitled to receive consideration under the terms of the Contribution Agreement (the “Earnout”) which will be calculated as of March 31, 2018. Our initial allocation of the purchase price is as follows (amounts are subject to change pending final determination of fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed):
(in thousands of dollars)
 
 
Land
 
 
$
119,934

Building
 
 
315,845

Site improvements and tenant improvements
 
36,424

Intangible assets (liabilities):
 
 
 
In-place lease value
 
18,126

 
Above market lease value
 
260

 
Below market lease value
 
(393
)
 
Above market ground lease value (as lessor)
 
(5,882
)
Deferred and other assets
 
2,290

Total
 
$
486,604


Impairment of Assets

Uniontown Mall

In March 2015, we recorded a loss on impairment of assets at Uniontown Mall in Uniontown, Pennsylvania (“Uniontown Mall”) of $6.2 million. In April 2015, we entered into negotiations with a prospective buyer of the property, which are ongoing and could result in changes to our underlying assumptions. As a result of these negotiations, we determined that the holding period for the property was less than had been previously estimated, which we concluded was a triggering event, leading us to conduct an analysis of possible asset impairment at this property. Based upon the purchase and sale agreement with the prospective buyer of the property, we determined that the estimated undiscounted cash flows, net of estimated capital expenditures, for Uniontown Mall were less than the carrying value of the property, and recorded the loss on impairment of assets.


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3. INVESTMENTS IN PARTNERSHIPS

The following table presents summarized financial information of the equity investments in our unconsolidated partnerships as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014:
 
(in thousands of dollars)
As of March 31, 2015
 
As of December 31, 2014
ASSETS:
 
 
 
Investments in real estate, at cost:
 
 
 
Operating properties
$
660,431

 
$
654,024

Construction in progress
63,067

 
41,919

Total investments in real estate
723,498

 
695,943

Accumulated depreciation
(194,729
)
 
(190,100
)
Net investments in real estate
528,769

 
505,843

Cash and cash equivalents
21,871

 
15,229

Deferred costs and other assets, net
41,711

 
37,274

Total assets
592,351

 
558,346

LIABILITIES AND PARTNERS’ INVESTMENT:
 
 
 
Mortgage loans payable
394,324

 
383,190

Other liabilities
42,488

 
34,314

Total liabilities
436,812

 
417,504

Net investment
155,539

 
140,842

Partners’ share
81,336

 
74,663

PREIT’s share
74,203

 
66,179

Excess investment (1)
7,898

 
8,747

Net investments and advances
$
82,101

 
$
74,926

 
 
 
 
Investment in partnerships, at equity
$
147,847

 
$
140,882

Distributions in excess of partnership investments
(65,746
)
 
(65,956
)
Net investments and advances
$
82,101

 
$
74,926

_________________________
(1) 
Excess investment represents the unamortized difference between our investment and our share of the equity in the underlying net investment in the partnerships. The excess investment is amortized over the life of the properties, and the amortization is included in “Equity in income of partnerships.”

We record distributions from our equity investments as cash from operating activities up to an amount equal to the equity in income of partnerships. Amounts in excess of our share of the income in the equity investments are treated as a return of partnership capital and recorded as cash from investing activities.


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The following table summarizes our share of equity in income of partnerships for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
(in thousands of dollars)
2015
 
2014
 
Real estate revenue
$
26,497

 
$
21,175

 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
Property operating expenses
(10,706
)
 
(7,100
)
 
Interest expense
(5,350
)
 
(5,475
)
 
Depreciation and amortization
(6,370
)
 
(3,649
)
 
Total expenses
(22,426
)
 
(16,224
)
 
Net income
4,071

 
4,951

 
Less: Partners’ share
(2,036
)
 
(2,473
)
 
PREIT’s share
2,035

 
2,478

 
Amortization of excess investment
48

 
(76
)
 
Equity in income of partnerships
$
2,083

 
$
2,402

 

Lehigh Valley Mall

We have a 50% partnership interest in Lehigh Valley Associates LP, the owner of the substantial majority of Lehigh Valley Mall, which is a significant unconsolidated subsidiary, and which is included in the amounts above. Summarized balance sheet information as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 and summarized statement of operations information for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 for this entity, which is accounted for using the equity method, is as follows:


 
 
As of
(in thousands of dollars)
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Summarized balance sheet information
 
 
 
 
     Total assets
 
$
51,392

 
$
51,703

     Mortgage loan payable
 
130,837

 
131,394

 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
(in thousands of dollars)
 
2015
 
2014
 
Summarized statement of operations information
 
 
 
 
 
     Revenue
 
$
8,944

 
$
9,034

 
     Property operating expenses
 
(2,480
)
 
(2,764
)
 
     Interest expense
 
(1,940
)
 
(1,971
)
 
     Net income
 
3,461

 
3,247

 
     PREIT’s share of equity in income of partnership
 
1,730

 
1,623

 












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4. FINANCING ACTIVITY

2013 Revolving Facility, as amended

In April 2013, PREIT, PREIT Associates, and PRI (collectively, the “Borrower” or “we”) entered into a credit agreement (as amended, the “2013 Revolving Facility”) with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, and the other financial institutions signatory thereto, for a $400.0 million senior unsecured revolving credit facility. The 2013 Revolving Facility replaced the previously existing 2010 Credit Facility. In December 2013, we amended the 2013 Revolving Facility to make certain terms of the 2013 Revolving Facility consistent with the terms of the 2014 Term Loans (discussed below). The 2013 Revolving Facility and the 2014 Term Loans are collectively referred to as the “Credit Agreements.” All capitalized terms used in this note 4 and not otherwise defined herein have the meanings ascribed to such terms in the 2013 Revolving Facility.

As of March 31, 2015, $210.0 million was outstanding under our 2013 Revolving Facility, $15.0 million was pledged as collateral for letters of credit and the unused portion that was available to us was $175.0 million. In April 2015, we borrowed an additional $50.0 million from our 2013 Revolving Facility, and one of our letters of credit for $7.1 million was terminated, leaving an aggregate of $132.1 million available under the 2013 Revolving Facility.

Interest expense related to the 2013 Revolving Facility was $0.4 million and $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Deferred financing fee amortization associated with the 2013 Revolving Facility was $0.4 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

The initial maturity of the 2013 Revolving Facility is April 17, 2016, and the Borrower has options for two one-year extensions of the initial maturity date, subject to certain conditions and to the payment of extension fees of 0.15% and 0.20% of the Facility Amount for the first and second options, respectively.

Subject to the terms of the Credit Agreements, the Borrower has the option to increase the maximum amount available under the 2013 Revolving Facility, through an accordion option, from $400.0 million to as much as $600.0 million, in increments of $5.0 million (with a minimum increase of $25.0 million), based on Wells Fargo Bank’s ability to obtain increases in Revolving Commitments from the current lenders or Revolving Commitments from new lenders. No option to increase the maximum amount available under the 2013 Revolving Facility has been exercised by the Borrower.

Amounts borrowed under the 2013 Revolving Facility bear interest at a rate between 1.50% and 2.05% per annum, depending on PREIT’s leverage at the end of each quarter, in excess of LIBOR, with no floor, as set forth in the table below. The rate in effect at March 31, 2015 was 1.70% per annum in excess of LIBOR. In determining PREIT’s leverage (the ratio of Total Liabilities to Gross Asset Value), the capitalization rate used to calculate Gross Asset Value is (a) 6.50% for each Property having an average sales per square foot of more than $500 for the most recent period of 12 consecutive months, and (b) 7.50% for any other Property.
 
Level
Ratio of Total Liabilities to Gross Asset Value
Applicable Margin
1
Less than 0.450 to 1.00
1.50
%
2
Equal to or greater than 0.450 to 1.00 but less than 0.500 to 1.00
1.70
%
3
Equal to or greater than 0.500 to 1.00 but less than 0.550 to 1.00
1.85
%
4
Equal to or greater than 0.550 to 1.00
2.05
%

In the event that we seek and obtain an investment grade credit rating, alternative interest rates would apply. The unused portion of the 2013 Revolving Facility is subject to a fee of 0.30% per annum and is recorded in interest expense in the consolidated statements of operations. In the event that we seek and obtain an investment grade credit rating, alternative facility fees would apply.

PREIT and the subsidiaries of PREIT that either (1) account for more than 2.5% of adjusted Gross Asset Value (other than an Excluded Subsidiary), (2) own or lease an Unencumbered Property, or (3) own, directly or indirectly, a subsidiary described in clause (2) serve as guarantors for funds borrowed under the 2013 Credit Facility. In the event that we seek and obtain an investment grade credit rating, we may request that a subsidiary guarantor be released, unless such guarantor becomes obligated in respect of the debt of the Borrower or another subsidiary or owns Unencumbered Property or incurs recourse debt.

The Credit Agreements are cross-defaulted with one another.


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The Credit Agreements contain certain affirmative and negative covenants which are identical and which are described in detail below in the section entitled “Identical covenants contained in the Credit Agreements." As of March 31, 2015, the Borrower was in compliance with all such financial covenants.

The Borrower may prepay the 2013 Revolving Facility at any time without premium or penalty, subject to reimbursement obligations for the lenders’ breakage costs for LIBOR borrowings. The Borrower must repay the entire principal amount outstanding under the 2013 Revolving Facility at the end of its term, as the term may be extended.

Upon the expiration of any applicable cure period following an event of default, the lenders may declare all of the obligations in connection with the 2013 Revolving Facility immediately due and payable, and the Commitments of the lenders to make further loans under the 2013 Revolving Facility will terminate. Upon the occurrence of a voluntary or involuntary bankruptcy proceeding of PREIT, PREIT Associates, PRI, any Material Subsidiary, any subsidiary that owns or leases an Unencumbered Property or certain other subsidiaries, all outstanding amounts will automatically become immediately due and payable and the Commitments of the lenders to make further loans will automatically terminate.

2014 Term Loans

In January 2014, the Borrower entered into two unsecured term loans in the initial aggregate amount of $250.0 million, comprised of:

(1) a 5 Year Term Loan Agreement (the “5 Year Term Loan”) with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, U.S. Bank National Association and the other financial institutions signatory thereto, for a $150.0 million senior unsecured 5 year term loan facility, of which we initially borrowed $100.0 million in January 2014; and

(2) a 7 Year Term Loan Agreement (the “7 Year Term Loan” and, together with the 5 Year Term Loan, the “2014 Term Loans”) with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, Capital One, National Association and the other financial institutions signatory thereto, for a $100.0 million senior unsecured 7 year term loan facility, of which we initially borrowed $30.0 million in January 2014.

Under the 2014 Term Loans, there was a deferred draw feature that enabled us to borrow the amounts specified in each of the term loans until April 8, 2015. In March 2015, we utilized this feature and borrowed an additional $50.0 million and $70.0 million under the 5 Year Term Loan and 7 Year Term Loan, respectively, increasing our aggregate borrowing to $150.0 million and $100.0 million under the 5 Year Term Loan and 7 Year Term Loan, respectively.


The table set forth below presents the amounts outstanding, interest rate (inclusive of the LIBOR spread and excluding the impact of interest rate swap agreements on LIBOR-based debt) in effect and the maturity dates of the 2014 Term Loans as of March 31, 2015:
(in millions of dollars)
5 Year Term Loan
 
7 Year Term Loan
Total facility
$
150.0

 
$
100.0

Amount outstanding
$
150.0

 
$
100.0

Interest rate
1.63
%
 
2.13
%
Maturity date
January 2019

 
January 2021


Interest expense related to the 2014 Term Loans was $1.3 million and $0.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Deferred financing fee amortization associated with the 2014 Term Loans was $0.1 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
Amounts borrowed under the 2014 Term Loans bear interest at the rate specified below per annum, depending on PREIT’s leverage at the end of each quarter, in excess of LIBOR, with no floor. In determining PREIT’s leverage (the ratio of Total Liabilities to Gross Asset Value), the capitalization rate used to calculate Gross Asset Value is (a) 6.50% for each Property having an average sales per square foot of more than $500 for the most recent period of 12 consecutive months, and (b) 7.50% for any other Property.

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Level


Ratio of Total Liabilities
to Gross Asset Value
5 Year Term Loan
Applicable Margin
7 Year Term Loan
Applicable Margin
1
Less than 0.450 to 1.00
1.35%
1.80%
2
Equal to or greater than 0.450 to 1.00 but less than 0.500 to 1.00
1.45%
1.95%
3
Equal to or greater than 0.500 to 1.00 but less than 0.550 to 1.00
1.60%
2.15%
4
Equal to or greater than 0.550 to 1.00
1.90%
2.35%

The current rate in effect under the 5 Year Term Loan is 1.45% per annum in excess of LIBOR. The current rate in effect under the 7 Year Term Loan is 1.95% per annum in excess of LIBOR. If PREIT seeks and obtains an investment grade credit rating and so notifies the lenders under the respective 2014 Term Loans, alternative interest rates would apply.

PREIT and the subsidiaries of PREIT that either (1) account for more than 2.5% of adjusted Gross Asset Value (other than an Excluded Subsidiary), (2) own or lease an Unencumbered Property, (3) own, directly or indirectly, a subsidiary described in clause (2), or (4) are guarantors under the 2013 Revolving Facility serve as guarantors for funds borrowed under the 2014 Term Loans. In the event that we seek and obtain an investment grade credit rating, we may request that a subsidiary guarantor be released, unless such guarantor becomes obligated in respect of the debt of the Borrower or another subsidiary, or owns Unencumbered Property and incurs recourse debt.

Subject to the terms of the Credit Agreements, the Borrower has the option to increase the maximum amount available under the 5 Year Term Loan, through an accordion option (subject to certain conditions), from $150.0 million to as much as $300.0 million, in increments of $5.0 million (with a minimum increase of $25.0 million), based the ability to obtain increases in commitments from the current lenders or from new lenders.

Subject to the terms of the Credit Agreements, the Borrower has the option to increase the maximum amount available under the 7 Year Term Loan, through an accordion option (subject to certain conditions), from $100.0 million to as much as $200.0 million, in increments of $5.0 million (with a minimum increase of $25.0 million), based on the ability to obtain increases in commitments from the current lenders or from new lenders.

The Credit Agreements contain certain affirmative and negative covenants which are identical and are described in detail below in the section “Identical covenants contained in the Credit Agreements.” As of March 31, 2015, the Borrower was in compliance with all such financial covenants.

The Borrower may prepay the 5 Year Term Loan at any time without premium or penalty, subject to reimbursement obligations for the lenders’ breakage costs for LIBOR borrowings. The payment of the 7 Year Term Loan prior to its maturity is subject to reimbursement obligations for the lenders’ breakage costs for LIBOR borrowings and a declining prepayment penalty ranging from 3% from closing to one year after closing, to 2% from one year after closing to two years after closing, to 1% from two years after closing to three years after closing and without penalty thereafter.

Upon the expiration of any applicable cure period following an event of default, the lenders may declare all of the obligations in connection with the 2014 Term Loans immediately due and payable, and the commitments of the lenders to make further loans, if any, under the 2014 Term Loans would terminate. Upon the occurrence of a voluntary or involuntary bankruptcy proceeding of PREIT, PREIT Associates, PRI, any material subsidiary, any subsidiary that owns or leases an Unencumbered Property or certain other subsidiaries, all outstanding amounts would automatically become immediately due and payable and the commitments of the lenders to make further loans will automatically terminate.

Identical covenants contained in the Credit Agreements

The Credit Agreements contain certain affirmative and negative covenants which are identical, including, without limitation, requirements that PREIT maintain, on a consolidated basis: (1) minimum Tangible Net Worth of not less than 75% of the Company’s tangible net worth on December 31, 2012, plus 75% of the Net Proceeds of all Equity Issuances effected at any time after December 31, 2012; (2) maximum ratio of Total Liabilities to Gross Asset Value of 0.60:1, provided that it will not be a Default if the ratio exceeds 0.60:1 but does not exceed 0.625:1, for more than two consecutive quarters on more than two occasions during the term; (3) minimum ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to Fixed Charges of 1.50:1 (4) minimum Unencumbered Debt Yield of 12.0%; (5) minimum Unencumbered NOI to Unsecured Interest Expense of 1.75:1; (6) maximum ratio of Secured Indebtedness to Gross Asset Value of 0.60:1; (7) maximum Investments in unimproved real estate and predevelopment

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costs not in excess of 5.0% of Gross Asset Value; (8) maximum Investments in Persons other than Subsidiaries, Consolidated Affiliates and Unconsolidated Affiliates not in excess of 5.0% of Gross Asset Value; (9) maximum Mortgages in favor of the Borrower or any other Subsidiary not in excess of 5.0% of Gross Asset Value; (10) the aggregate value of the Investments and the other items subject to the preceding clauses (7) through (9) not in excess of 10.0% of Gross Asset Value; (11) maximum Investments in Consolidation Exempt Entities not in excess of 25.0% of Gross Asset Value; (12) maximum Projects Under Development not in excess of 15.0% of Gross Asset Value; (13) the aggregate value of the Investments and the other items subject to the preceding clauses (7) through (9) and (11) and (12) not in excess of 35.0% of Gross Asset Value; (14) Distributions may not exceed (A) with respect to our preferred shares, the amounts required by the terms of the preferred shares, and (B) with respect to our common shares, the greater of (i) 95.0% of Funds From Operations and (ii) 110% of REIT taxable income for a fiscal year; and (15) PREIT may not permit the amount of the Gross Asset Value attributable to assets directly owned by PREIT, PREIT Associates, PRI and the guarantors to be less than 95% of Gross Asset Value excluding assets owned by Excluded Subsidiaries or Unconsolidated Affiliates.

These covenants and restrictions limit PREIT’s ability to incur additional indebtedness, grant liens on assets and enter into negative pledge agreements, merge, consolidate or sell all or substantially all of its assets and enter into certain transactions with affiliates. The Credit Agreements are subject to customary events of default and are cross-defaulted with one another. As of March 31, 2015, the Borrower was in compliance with all such financial covenants.

Mortgage Loans

The carrying values and estimated fair values of mortgage loans based on interest rates and market conditions at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 were as follows:
 
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
(in millions of dollars)
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
Mortgage loans
$
1,409.0

 
$
1,425.5

 
$
1,407.9

 
$
1,415.5


The mortgage loans contain various customary default provisions. As of March 31, 2015, we were not in default on any of the mortgage loans.

Mortgage Loan Activity

In March 2015, we borrowed an additional $5.8 million under the mortgage loan secured by Francis Scott Key Mall in Frederick, Maryland.

In April 2015, we repaid a $55.6 million mortgage loan plus accrued interest secured by Magnolia Mall in Florence, South Carolina using $40.0 million from our 2013 Revolving Facility and $15.6 million from available working capital.


Interest Rate Risk

We follow established risk management policies designed to limit our interest rate risk on our interest bearing liabilities, as further discussed in note 7 to our unaudited consolidated financial statements.


5. CASH FLOW INFORMATION

Cash paid for interest was $17.0 million (net of capitalized interest of less than $0.1 million) and $17.0 million (net of capitalized interest of $0.1 million) for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

In our statement of cash flows, we show cash flows on our revolving facility on a net basis. Aggregate borrowings on our revolving facility were $210.0 million and $90.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Aggregate paydowns were $195.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014.

In connection with our acquisition of Springfield Town Center in March 2015, we issued 6,250,000 OP Units with a value of $145.2 million as partial consideration for the purchase.


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Table of Contents        

6. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Contractual Obligations

As of March 31, 2015, we had unaccrued contractual and other commitments related to our capital improvement projects and development projects of $19.2 million in the form of tenant allowances and contracts with general service providers and other professional service providers.

7. DERIVATIVES

In the normal course of business, we are exposed to financial market risks, including interest rate risk on our interest bearing liabilities. We attempt to limit these risks by following established risk management policies, procedures and strategies, including the use of financial instruments such as derivatives. We do not use financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

Cash Flow Hedges of Interest Rate Risk

Our outstanding derivatives have been designated under applicable accounting authority as cash flow hedges. The effective portion of changes in the fair value of derivatives designated as, and that qualify as, cash flow hedges is recorded in “Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)” and is subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period that the hedged forecasted transaction affects earnings. To the extent these instruments are ineffective as cash flow hedges, changes in the fair value of these instruments are recorded in “Interest expense, net.”

We recognize all derivatives at fair value as either assets or liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The carrying amount of the derivative assets is reflected in “Deferred costs and other assets,” the amount of the associated liabilities is reflected in “Accrued expenses and other liabilities” and the amount of the net unrealized income or loss is reflected in “Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)” in the accompanying balance sheets.

Amounts reported in “Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)” that are related to derivatives will be reclassified to “Interest expense, net” as interest payments are made on our corresponding debt. During the next 12 months, we estimate that $3.4 million will be reclassified as an increase to interest expense in connection with derivatives. The amortization of these amounts could be accelerated in the event that we repay amounts outstanding on the debt instruments and do not replace them with new borrowings.

Interest Rate Swaps

As of March 31, 2015, we had entered into 12 interest rate swap agreements with a weighted average interest rate of 1.67% on a notional amount of $327.4 million maturing on various dates through January 2019. In April 2015, we entered into four additional interest rate swap agreements with a weighted average interest rate of 1.16% on a notional amount of $95.0 million, maturing in January 2019.

We entered into these interest rate swap agreements in order to hedge the interest payments associated with our issuances of variable interest rate long term debt. We have assessed the effectiveness of these interest rate swap agreements as hedges at inception and on a quarterly basis. As of March 31, 2015, except as set forth below, we considered these interest rate swap agreements to be highly effective as cash flow hedges. The interest rate swap agreements are net settled monthly.
Accumulated other comprehensive loss as of March 31, 2015 includes a net loss of $2.4 million relating to forward starting swaps that we cash settled in prior years that are being amortized over 10 year periods commencing on the closing dates of the debt instruments that are associated with these settled swaps.

In the three months ended March 31, 2015, we recorded net loss on hedge ineffectiveness of $0.5 million. Following our July 2014 repayment of the $25.8 million mortgage loan secured by 801 Market Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, we anticipated that we would not have sufficient 1-month LIBOR based interest payments to meet the entire swap notional amount related to two of our swaps, and we estimated that this condition would exist until approximately March 2015, when we planned to incur variable rate debt as part of the consideration for the acquisition of Springfield Town Center. These swaps, with an aggregate notional amount of $40.0 million, did not qualify for ongoing hedge accounting after July 2014 as a result of the unrealized forecasted transactions. We recognized mark-to-market interest expense on these two swaps of $0.5 million for the period from January 2015 to March 31, 2015, the date the Springfield Town Center acquisition closed and variable rate debt was issued. These swaps are scheduled to expire by their terms in January 2019.


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Table of Contents        


The following table summarizes the terms and estimated fair values of our interest rate swap derivative instruments at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014. The notional values provide an indication of the extent of our involvement in these instruments, but do not represent exposure to credit, interest rate or market risks.
 
(in millions of dollars)
Notional Value
 
Fair Value at
March 31, 2015 (1)
 
Fair Value at
December 31, 2014 (1)
 
Interest
Rate
 
Maturity Date
Interest Rate Swaps
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$25.0
 
$
(0.2
)
 
$
(0.2
)
 
1.10
%
 
July 31, 2016
28.1
 
(0.4
)
 
(0.4
)
 
1.38
%
 
January 2, 2017
33.7
 
(0.1
)
 
0.1

 
3.72
%
 
December 1, 2017
7.6
 

 

 
1.00
%
 
January 1, 2018
55.0
 
(0.3
)
 

 
1.12
%
 
January 1, 2018
48.0
 
(0.2
)
 

 
1.12
%
 
January 1, 2018
30.0
 
(0.7
)
 
(0.4
)
 
1.78
%
 
January 2, 2019
20.0
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.3
)
 
1.78
%
 
January 2, 2019
20.0
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.3
)
 
1.78
%
 
January 2, 2019
20.0
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.3
)
 
1.79
%
 
January 2, 2019
20.0
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.3
)
 
1.79
%
 
January 2, 2019
20.0
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.3
)
 
1.79
%
 
January 2, 2019
 
 
$
(4.4
)
 
$
(2.4
)
 
 
 
 
_________________________
(1) 
As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, derivative valuations in their entirety were classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy and we did not have any significant recurring fair value measurements related to derivative instruments using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3).

The table below presents the effect of derivative financial instruments on our consolidated statements of operations and on our share of our partnerships’ statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Consolidated
Statements of
Operations 
Location
(in millions of dollars)
 
2015
 
2014
 
Derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate products
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss recognized in Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) on derivatives
 
$
(1.7
)
 
$
(1.9
)
 
N/A
Loss reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) into income (effective portion)
 
$
1.0

 
$
1.0

 
Interest expense
Loss recognized in income on derivatives (ineffective portion and amount excluded from effectiveness testing)
 
$
(0.5
)
 
$

 
Interest expense

Credit-Risk-Related Contingent Features

We have agreements with some of our derivative counterparties that contain a provision pursuant to which, if our entity that originated such derivative instruments defaults on any of its indebtedness, including default where repayment of the indebtedness has not been accelerated by the lender, then we could also be declared in default on our derivative obligations. As of March 31, 2015, we were not in default on any of our derivative obligations.


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Table of Contents        

We have an agreement with a derivative counterparty that incorporates the loan covenant provisions of our loan agreement with a lender affiliated with the derivative counterparty. Failure to comply with the loan covenant provisions would result in our being in default on any derivative instrument obligations covered by the agreement.

As of March 31, 2015, the fair value of derivatives in a net liability position, which excludes accrued interest but includes any adjustment for nonperformance risk related to these agreements, was $4.4 million. If we had breached any of the default provisions in these agreements as of March 31, 2015, we might have been required to settle our obligations under the agreements at their termination value (including accrued interest) of $4.8 million. We had not breached any of these provisions as of March 31, 2015.


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Table of Contents        

Item 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

The following analysis of our consolidated financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included elsewhere in this report.

OVERVIEW

Pennsylvania Real Estate Investment Trust, a Pennsylvania business trust founded in 1960 and one of the first equity real estate investment trusts (“REITs”) in the United States, has a primary investment focus on retail shopping malls located in the eastern half of the United States, primarily in the Mid-Atlantic region.

We currently own interests in 43 retail properties, of which 38 are operating properties, four are development properties, and one is under redevelopment (The Gallery at Market East). The 38 operating properties include 32 shopping malls and six other retail properties, have a total of 28.5 million square feet and are located in 11 states. We and partnerships in which we own an interest own 21.4 million square feet at these properties (excluding space owned by anchors).

There are 32 operating retail properties in our portfolio that we consolidate for financial reporting purposes. These consolidated operating properties have a total of 24.5 million square feet, of which we own 18.9 million square feet. The six operating retail properties that are owned by unconsolidated partnerships with third parties have a total of 4.0 million square feet, of which 2.5 million square feet are owned by such partnerships.

The development portion of our portfolio contains four properties in three states, with two classified as “mixed use” (a combination of retail and other uses), one classified as “retail” (outlet) and one classified as “other.”

Our primary business is owning and operating retail shopping malls, which we primarily do through our operating partnership, PREIT Associates, L.P. (“PREIT Associates”). We provide management, leasing and real estate development services through PREIT Services, LLC (“PREIT Services”), which generally develops and manages properties that we consolidate for financial reporting purposes, and PREIT-RUBIN, Inc. (“PRI”), which generally develops and manages properties that we do not consolidate for financial reporting purposes, including properties in which we own interests through partnerships with third parties and properties that are owned by third parties in which we do not have an interest. PRI is a taxable REIT subsidiary, as defined by federal tax laws, which means that it is able to offer additional services to tenants without jeopardizing our continuing qualification as a REIT under federal tax law.

Net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $13.9 million, an increase of $5.6 million compared to net loss of $8.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. This increase was primarily due to a $6.2 million impairment loss on Uniontown Mall and the effects of the dispositions of a 50% interest in The Gallery and another property, the sale of three other malls since March 31, 2014, and Springfield Town Center acquisition costs. These effects were partially offset by increased Same Store NOI.

We evaluate operating results and allocate resources on a property-by-property basis, and do not distinguish or evaluate our consolidated operations on a geographic basis. Due to the nature of our operating properties, which involve retail shopping, we have concluded that our individual properties have similar economic characteristics and meet all other aggregation criteria. Accordingly, we have aggregated our individual properties into one reportable segment. In addition, no single tenant accounts for 10% or more of consolidated revenue, and none of our properties are located outside the United States.

We hold our interests in our portfolio of properties through our operating partnership, PREIT Associates. We are the sole general partner of PREIT Associates and, as of March 31, 2015, held an 89.2% controlling interest in PREIT Associates, and consolidated it for reporting purposes. We hold our investments in six of the 38 operating retail properties and two of the four development properties in our portfolio through unconsolidated partnerships with third parties in which we own a 25% to 50% interest. We hold a noncontrolling interest in each unconsolidated partnership, and account for such partnerships using the equity method of accounting. We do not control any of these equity method investees for the following reasons:

Except for three properties that we co-manage with our partner, all of the other entities are managed on a day-to-day basis by one of our other partners as the managing general partner in each of the respective partnerships. In the case of the co-managed properties, all decisions in the ordinary course of business are made jointly.
The managing general partner is responsible for establishing the operating and capital decisions of the partnership, including budgets, in the ordinary course of business.

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All major decisions of each partnership, such as the sale, refinancing, expansion or rehabilitation of the property, require the approval of all partners.
Voting rights and the sharing of profits and losses are generally in proportion to the ownership percentages of each partner.

We record the earnings from the unconsolidated partnerships using the equity method of accounting under the statements of operations caption entitled “Equity in income of partnerships,” rather than consolidating the results of the unconsolidated partnerships with our results. Changes in our investments in these entities are recorded in the balance sheet caption entitled “Investment in partnerships, at equity.” In the case of deficit investment balances, such amounts are recorded in “Distributions in excess of partnership investments.”

We hold our interest in three of our unconsolidated partnerships through tenancy in common arrangements. For each of these properties, title is held by us and another person or persons, and each has an undivided interest in the property. With respect to each of the three properties, under the applicable agreements between us and the other persons with ownership interests, we and such other persons have joint control because decisions regarding matters such as the sale, refinancing, expansion or rehabilitation of the property require the approval of both us and the other person (or at least one of the other persons) owning an interest in the property. Hence, we account for each of the properties using the equity method of accounting. The balance sheet items arising from these properties appear under the caption “Investments in partnerships, at equity.” The statements of operations items arising from these properties appear in “Equity in income of partnerships.”

For further information regarding our unconsolidated partnerships, see note 3 to our unaudited consolidated financial statements.

Current Economic Conditions and Our Near Term Capital Needs

The conditions in the economy have caused relatively slow job growth and have caused fluctuations and variations in retail sales, business and consumer confidence, and consumer spending on retail goods. As a result, the sales and profit performance of certain retailers has fluctuated, and in some cases, has led to bankruptcy filings by them. We continue to adjust our plans and actions to take into account the current environment as it evolves. In particular, we continue to contemplate ways to maintain or reduce our leverage through a variety of means available to us, subject to and in accordance with the terms of our Credit Agreements. These steps might include (i) obtaining capital from joint ventures or other partnerships or arrangements involving our contribution of assets with institutional investors, private equity investors or other REITs, or through sales of properties or interests in properties with values in excess of their mortgage loans and application of the excess proceeds to debt reduction, and (ii) obtaining equity capital, including through the issuance of common or preferred equity securities if market conditions are favorable, or through other actions.

Springfield Town Center

On March 31, 2015, we acquired Springfield Town Center in Springfield, Virginia for aggregate consideration of $486.6 million, consisting of the following components: (i) the assumption and immediate payoff of $263.8 million of indebtedness owed to affiliates of Vornado Realty L.P.; (ii) 6,250,000 OP Units valued at $145.2 million, (iii) liabilities relating to tenant improvements and allowances of $14.8 million, (iv) the estimated present value of the “Earnout” (as described below) of $7.7 million, and (v) the remainder in cash. The seller is potentially entitled to receive consideration under the terms of the Contribution Agreement (the “Earnout”) which will be calculated as of March 31, 2018. In future periods, the acquisition of Springfield Town Center is expected to affect our occupancy, real estate revenue, property operating expenses and depreciation and amortization. In addition, the debt incurred to finance a portion of the purchase price will cause us to incur interest expense. The impact of the acquisition on our net income, net operating income and Funds From Operations in future periods will depend on rental rates, occupancy and the overall performance of the Property.

The Gallery Joint Venture

In July 2014, we entered into a 50/50 joint venture with The Macerich Company (“Macerich”) to redevelop The Gallery at Market East in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (“The Gallery”). Prior to July 29, 2014, while it was still a consolidated property, we included the assets, liabilities and operating results of The Gallery in their respective line items of our consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP. On and after July 29, 2014, we account for The Gallery under the equity method of accounting. Under the equity method, we report our net investment in The Gallery in the balance sheet line item entitled “Investments in partnerships, at equity,” and we report our share of the operations of the property in the line item entitled

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“Equity in income of partnerships.” With respect to FFO, we now calculate FFO from The Gallery in the same manner as we do for all of our unconsolidated properties. We determine our share of the property’s FFO, which is calculated by making the same adjustments to net income (determined in accordance with GAAP) as we make for our consolidated operations. As we redevelop The Gallery, operating results in the short term, as measured by sales, occupancy, real estate revenue, property operating expenses, net operating income and depreciation will likely be negatively affected until the newly constructed space is completed, leased and occupied.

Capital Improvements and Development Projects

At our operating properties, we might engage in various types of capital improvement projects. Such projects vary in cost and complexity, and can include building out new or existing space for individual tenants, upgrading common areas or exterior areas such as parking lots, or redeveloping the entire property, among other projects. Project costs are accumulated in “Construction in progress” on our consolidated balance sheet until the asset is placed into service, and amounted to $59.1 million as of March 31, 2015.

At our new development properties, we are also engaged in several types of projects. However, we do not expect to make any significant investment in these projects in the short term. As of March 31, 2015, we had incurred $54.0 million of costs, net of impairment charges recorded in prior years, related to our activity at our consolidated development properties.


CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Critical Accounting Policies are those that require the application of management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often because of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and that might change in subsequent periods. In preparing the unaudited consolidated financial statements, management has made estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. In preparing the financial statements, management has utilized available information, including historical experience, industry standards and the current economic environment, among other factors, in forming its estimates and judgments, giving due consideration to materiality. Management has also considered events and changes in property, market and economic conditions, estimated future cash flows from property operations and the risk of loss on specific accounts or amounts in determining its estimates and judgments. Actual results may differ from these estimates. In addition, other companies may utilize different estimates, which may affect comparability of our results of operations to those of companies in similar businesses. The estimates and assumptions made by management in applying critical accounting policies have not changed materially during 2015 or 2014 except as otherwise noted, and none of these estimates or assumptions have proven to be materially incorrect or resulted in our recording any significant adjustments relating to prior periods. We will continue to monitor the key factors underlying our estimates and judgments, but no change is currently expected.
For additional information regarding our Critical Accounting Policies, see “Critical Accounting Policies” in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
Asset Impairment
Real estate investments and related intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the property might not be recoverable. A property to be held and used is considered impaired only if management’s estimate of the aggregate future cash flows, less estimated capital expenditures, to be generated by the property, undiscounted and without interest charges, are less than the carrying value of the property. This estimate takes into consideration factors such as expected future operating income, trends and prospects, as well as the effects of demand, competition and other factors. In addition, these estimates may consider a probability weighted cash flow estimation approach when alternative courses of action to recover the carrying amount of a long-lived asset are under consideration or when a range of possible values is estimated.
The determination of undiscounted cash flows requires significant estimates by management, including the expected course of action at the balance sheet date that would lead to such cash flows. Subsequent changes in estimated undiscounted cash flows arising from changes in the anticipated action to be taken with respect to the property could impact the determination of whether an impairment exists and whether the effects could materially affect our net income. To the extent estimated undiscounted cash flows are less than the carrying value of the property, the loss will be measured as the excess of the carrying amount of the property over the estimated fair value of the property.

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Assessment of our ability to recover certain lease related costs must be made when we have a reason to believe that the tenant might not be able to perform under the terms of the lease as originally expected. This requires us to make estimates as to the recoverability of such costs.

See “Results of Operations” for a description of the loss on impairment of assets relating to Uniontown Mall that was recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2015.

New Accounting Developments

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.” The objective of this new standard is to establish a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. The core principle of this new standard is that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The new guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 for public companies. Early adoption is not permitted. Entities have the option of using either a full retrospective or modified approach to adopt this standard. We are currently evaluating the new guidance and have not determined the impact this standard might have on our consolidated financial statements, nor have we decided upon the method of adoption.


OFF BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

We have no material off-balance sheet items other than the partnerships described in note 3 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements and in the “Overview” section above.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Occupancy

The table below sets forth certain occupancy statistics for our properties as of March 31, 2015 and 2014:
 
 
Occupancy (1) as of March 31,
 
Consolidated
Properties
 
Unconsolidated
Properties
 
Combined(2)
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Retail portfolio weighted average:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total excluding anchors
90.2
%
 
90.9
%
 
97.0
%
 
92.2
%
 
91.3
%
 
91.1
%
Total including anchors
94.4
%
 
94.7
%
 
97.7
%
 
89.4
%
 
94.8
%
 
93.8
%
Malls weighted average:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total excluding anchors
90.2
%
 
90.8
%
 
93.0
%
 
89.5
%
 
90.5
%
 
90.7
%
Total including anchors
94.5
%
 
94.7
%
 
95.3
%
 
86.0
%
 
94.5
%
 
93.6
%
Other retail properties
87.8
%
 
94.8
%
 
100.0
%
 
96.1
%
 
99.3
%
 
96.0
%
_________________________
(1) 
Occupancy for both periods presented includes all tenants irrespective of the term of their agreements. Retail portfolio and mall occupancy as of March 31, 2015 excludes The Gallery at Market East because the property is under redevelopment, and Springfield Town Center, which was acquired on the last day of the quarter.
(2) 
Combined occupancy is calculated by using occupied gross leasable area (“GLA”) for consolidated and unconsolidated properties and dividing by total GLA for consolidated and unconsolidated properties.



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Leasing Activity

The table below sets forth summary leasing activity information with respect to our consolidated and unconsolidated properties for the three months ended March 31, 2015:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Average Gross Rent
psf
 
Increase in Gross Rent psf
 
Annualized
Tenant
Improvements
psf(2)
 
 
Number
 
GLA
 
Previous
 
New(1)
 
Dollar
 
Percentage
 
New Leases - non anchor tenants less than 10,000 square feet:(3)
1st Quarter
 
23

 
43,481

 
N/A

 
$
70.36

 
$
70.36

 
N/A
 
$
5.73

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
New Leases - non anchor tenants 10,000 square feet or greater:(3)
1st Quarter
 
1

 
13,000

 
N/A

 
$
22.49

 
$
22.49

 
N/A
 
$
12.64

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Renewal - non anchor tenants less than 10,000 square feet:(4)
1st Quarter
 
60

 
137,227

 
$
45.25

 
$
45.95

 
$
0.70

 
1.5
%
 
$
0.18

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Renewal - non anchor tenants 10,000 square feet or greater:(4)
1st Quarter
 
1

 
12,608

 
$
13.00

 
$
13.50

 
$
0.50

 
3.8
%
 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 _________________________
(1) 
New rent is the initial amount payable upon rent commencement. In certain cases, a lower rent may be payable until certain conditions in the lease are satisfied.
(2) 
These leasing costs are presented as annualized costs per square foot and are spread uniformly over the initial lease term.
(3) 
This category includes newly constructed and recommissioned space.
(4) 
This category includes expansions and lease extensions.

As of March 31, 2015, for non-anchor leases, the average gross rent per square foot as of the expiration date was $33.81 for the renewing leases in “Holdover” status and $42.15 for leases expiring in 2015.

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Overview

Net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $13.9 million, an increase of $5.6 million compared to net loss of $8.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. This increase was primarily due to a $6.2 million impairment loss on Uniontown Mall and the effects of the dispositions of a 50% interest in The Gallery and another property, the sale of three other malls since March 31, 2014, and Springfield Town Center acquisition costs. These effects were partially offset by increased Same Store NOI.

The following table sets forth our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014.

 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
% Change
2014 to
2015
 
(in thousands of dollars)
2015
 
2014
 
 
Real estate revenue
$
98,783

 
$
108,609

 
(9
)%
 
Other income
1,274

 
779

 
64
 %
 
Property operating expenses
(43,152
)
 
(51,717
)
 
(17
)%
 
Depreciation and amortization
(33,189
)
 
(36,235
)
 
(8
)%
 
General and administrative expenses
(8,943
)
 
(9,077
)
 
(1
)%
 
Impairment of assets
(6,240
)
 
(1,300
)
 
380
 %
 
Acquisition costs and other expenses
(4,451
)
 
(1,646
)
 
170
 %
 
Interest expense, net
(20,145
)
 
(20,170
)
 
 %
 
Equity in income of partnerships
2,083

 
2,402

 
(13
)%
 
Gain on sales of interest in non operating real estate
43

 

 
N/A

 
Net loss
$
(13,937
)
 
$
(8,355
)
 
67
 %
 

The amounts in the preceding table reflect our consolidated properties and our unconsolidated properties. Our unconsolidated properties are presented under the equity method of accounting in the line item “Equity in income of partnerships.”

Real Estate Revenue

Real estate revenue decreased by $9.8 million, or 9%, in the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014, primarily due to:

a decrease of $7.4 million in real estate revenue related to the July 2014 sale of a 50% interest in The Gallery at Market East; and

a decrease of $3.7 million in real estate revenue related to properties sold in 2014; partially offset by

an increase of $0.7 million in Same Store base rent due to new store openings and lease renewals with higher base rent, with notable increases at Moorestown Mall, Francis Scott Key Mall, Valley View Mall and Washington Crown Center.

Property Operating Expenses

Property operating expenses decreased by $8.6 million, or 17%, in the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014, primarily due to:


a decrease of $4.9 million in operating expenses related to the July 2014 sale of a 50% interest in The Gallery at Market East;

a decrease of $2.0 million in property operating expenses related to properties sold in 2014;

a decrease of $1.9 million in Same Store non-common area utility expense. The three months ended March 31, 2014

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saw a significant increase in electric rates at many of our properties. The extreme cold weather in the winter of 2013-14, and the resulting natural gas supply constraints, led to an historic spike in wholesale electricity rates that particularly affected our properties located in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland; and

a decrease of $1.1 million in Same Store common area maintenance expense, including decreases of $0.7 million in common area utilities and $0.6 million in snow removal expense. Snow removal expense at our properties located in the Mid-Atlantic States, particularly Pennsylvania and New Jersey, was affected by a severe winter with numerous snowfalls during the three months ended March 31, 2014; partially offset by

an increase of $0.6 million in Same Store bad debt expense. The three months ended March 31, 2015 was affected by three tenant bankruptcies involving 43 stores and with associated bad debt expense of $0.4 million; and

an increase of $0.3 million in Same Store real estate tax expense, including a $0.1 million increase at one of our New Jersey properties due to a combination of increases in the real estate tax assessment value and the real estate tax rate.


Net Operating Income (“NOI”)

NOI (a non-GAAP measure) is derived from real estate revenue (determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, including lease termination revenue) minus property operating expenses (determined in accordance with GAAP), plus our share of revenue and property operating expense of our partnership investments. It does not represent cash generated from operating activities in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered to be an alternative to net income (determined in accordance with GAAP) as an indication of our financial performance or to be an alternative to cash flow from operating activities (determined in accordance with GAAP) as a measure of our liquidity. It is not indicative of funds available for our cash needs, including our ability to make cash distributions. We believe that NOI is helpful to management and investors as a measure of operating performance because it is an indicator of the return on property investment and provides a method of comparing property performance over time. We believe that net income is the most directly comparable GAAP measurement to NOI.

NOI excludes other income, general and administrative expense, interest expense, depreciation and amortization, gain on sale of interest in non operating real estate, impairment losses and acquisition costs and other expenses.

The following table presents NOI for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014. The results are presented using the “proportionate-consolidation method” (a non-GAAP measure), which includes our share of the results of our partnership investments. Under GAAP, we account for our partnership investments under the equity method of accounting. Operating results for retail properties that we owned for the full periods presented (“Same Store”) exclude properties acquired or disposed of or reclassified as held for sale during the periods presented. A reconciliation of NOI to net income (loss) determined in accordance with GAAP appears under the heading “Reconciliation of GAAP Net Income (Loss) to Non-GAAP Measures.”
 
 
Same Store
 
Non Same Store
 
Total
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in thousands of dollars)
2015
 
2014
 
%
Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
%
Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
%
Change
Real estate revenue
$
106,874

 
$
105,794

 
1.0
 %
 
$
5,072

 
$
13,324

 
(61.9
)%
 
$
111,946

 
$
119,118

 
(6.0
)%
Property operating expenses
(45,151
)
 
(47,572
)
 
(5.1
)%
 
(3,202
)
 
(7,680
)
 
(58.3
)%
 
(48,353
)
 
(55,252
)
 
(12.5
)%
Net Operating Income
$
61,723

 
$
58,222

 
6.0
 %
 
$
1,870

 
$
5,644

 
(66.9
)%
 
$
63,593

 
$
63,866

 
(0.4
)%

Total NOI decreased by $0.3 million, or 0.4%, in the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014 primarily due to a decrease of $3.8 million in NOI from Non Same Store properties, partially offset by a $3.5 million increase in NOI from Same Store properties. The decrease in NOI from Non Same Store properties was primarily due to properties and interests in properties sold in 2014. See “—Real Estate Revenue” and “—Property Operating Expenses” above for further information about the factors affecting NOI from our consolidated properties. Same Store NOI includes lease termination revenue of $0.4 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

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Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased by $3.0 million, or 8%, in the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014, primarily due to:

a decrease of $3.5 million related to the July 2014 sale of a 50% interest in The Gallery at Market East; and

a decrease of $1.0 million related to properties sold in 2014; partially offset by

an increase of $1.5 million primarily due to a higher asset base resulting from capital improvements related to new tenants at our properties.

Impairment of Assets

In March 2015, we recorded a loss on impairment of assets at Uniontown Mall in Uniontown, Pennsylvania of $6.2 million. In April 2015, we entered into negotiations with with a prospective buyer of the property, which are ongoing and could result in changes to our underlying assumptions. As a result of these negotiations, we determined that the holding period for the property was less than had been previously estimated, which we concluded was a triggering event, leading us to conduct an analysis of possible asset impairment at this property. Based upon the purchase and sale agreement with the prospective buyer of the property, we determined that the estimated undiscounted cash flows, net of estimated capital expenditures, for Uniontown Mall were less than the carrying value of the property, and recorded the loss on impairment of assets.

In March 2014, we recorded a loss on impairment of assets at South Mall in Allentown, Pennsylvania of $1.3 million. We sold the property in June 2014.

Acquisition Costs and Other Expenses

Acquisition costs and other expenses increased by $2.8 million during the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014 primarily due to acquisition costs related to our March 2015 acquisition of Springfield Town Center.

Interest Expense

Interest expense was essentially unchanged in the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014. Our weighted average effective borrowing rate was 4.86% for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to 4.92% for the three months ended March 31, 2014. Our weighted average debt balance was $1,619.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $1,647.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. We also recorded a loss on hedge ineffectiveness of $0.5 million in the three months ended March 31, 2015 because our aggregate floating rate debt balance was lower than the notional amount of our interest rate swaps during that time period.

Equity in Income of Partnerships

Equity in income of partnerships decreased by $0.3 million, or 13%, for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014. This decrease was primarily due to $0.4 million of net loss from The Gallery at Market East, which became a 50% equity method investment as a result of the transaction with The Macerich Company in July 2014, due to the de-tenanting of the mall in anticipation of the construction phase of the redevelopment.


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Funds From Operations

The National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”) defines Funds From Operations (“FFO”), which is a non-GAAP measure commonly used by REITs, as net income (computed in accordance with GAAP) excluding gains and losses on sales of operating properties, extraordinary items (computed in accordance with GAAP) and significant non-recurring events that materially distort the comparative measurement of company performance over time; plus real estate depreciation and amortization; and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures to reflect funds from operations on the same basis. We compute FFO in accordance with standards established by NAREIT, which may not be comparable to FFO reported by other REITs that do not define the term in accordance with the current NAREIT definition, or that interpret the current NAREIT definition differently than we do. NAREIT’s established guidance provides that excluding impairment write downs of depreciable real estate is consistent with the NAREIT definition.

FFO is a commonly used measure of operating performance and profitability among REITs. We use FFO and FFO per diluted share and unit of limited partnership interest in our operating partnership (“OP Unit”) in measuring our performance against our peers and as one of the performance measures for determining incentive compensation amounts earned under certain of our performance-based executive compensation programs.

FFO does not include gains and losses on sales of operating real estate assets or impairment write downs of depreciable real estate, which are included in the determination of net income in accordance with GAAP. Accordingly, FFO is not a comprehensive measure of our operating cash flows. In addition, since FFO does not include depreciation on real estate assets, FFO may not be a useful performance measure when comparing our operating performance to that of other non-real estate commercial enterprises. We compensate for these limitations by using FFO in conjunction with other GAAP financial performance measures, such as net income and net cash provided by operating activities, and other non-GAAP financial performance measures, such as NOI. FFO does not represent cash generated from operating activities in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered to be an alternative to net income (determined in accordance with GAAP) as an indication of our financial performance or to be an alternative to cash flow from operating activities (determined in accordance with GAAP) as a measure of our liquidity, nor is it indicative of funds available for our cash needs, including our ability to make cash distributions. We believe that net income is the most directly comparable GAAP measurement to FFO.

We also present Funds From Operations, as adjusted, and Funds From Operations per diluted share and OP Unit, as adjusted, which are non-GAAP measures, for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 to show the effect of acquisition costs and loss on hedge ineffectiveness, which had a significant effect on our results of operations, but are not, in our opinion, indicative of our operating performance.

We believe that FFO is helpful to management and investors as a measure of operating performance because it excludes various items included in net income that do not relate to or are not indicative of operating performance, such as gains on sales of operating real estate and depreciation and amortization of real estate, among others. We believe that Funds From Operations, as adjusted, is helpful to management and investors as a measure of operating performance because it adjusts FFO to exclude items that management does not believe are indicative of our operating performance, such as acquisition costs and loss on hedge ineffectiveness.


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The following table presents FFO and FFO per diluted share and OP Unit and FFO, as adjusted, and FFO per diluted share and OP Unit, as adjusted, for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014: 
(in thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended 
 March 31, 2015
 
% Change
2014 to 2015
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31, 2014
Funds from operations
$
24,364

 
(8.5)%
 
$
26,615

Acquisition costs
3,330

 

 
1,387

Loss on hedge ineffectiveness
512

 

 

Funds from operations, as adjusted
$
28,206

 
0.7%
 
$
28,002

Funds from operations per diluted share and OP Unit
$
0.34

 
(10.5)%
 
$
0.38

Funds from operations per diluted share and OP Unit, as adjusted
$
0.40

 
 
$
0.40

 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding
68,566

 
 
 
67,944

Weighted average effect of full conversion of OP Units
2,192

 
 
 
2,129

Effect of common share equivalents
432

 
 
 
403

Total weighted average shares outstanding, including OP Units
71,190

 
 
 
70,476


FFO was $24.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, a decrease of $2.3 million, or 8.5%, compared to $26.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. This decrease was primarily due to a $1.9 million increase in acquisition costs, and a $1.0 million increase in professional fee expenses, partially offset by an increase in management fee income.

FFO per diluted share decreased by $0.04 per share to $0.34 per share for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to $0.38 per share for the three months ended March 31, 2014.

Reconciliation of GAAP Net Income (Loss) to Non-GAAP Measures

The preceding discussion compares our unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations results for different periods based on GAAP. Also, the non-GAAP measures of NOI and FFO have been discussed. We believe that NOI is helpful to management and investors as a measure of operating performance because it is an indicator of the return on property investment, and provides a method of comparing property performance over time. We believe that FFO is helpful to management and investors as a measure of operating performance because it excludes various items included in net income that do not relate to or are not indicative of operating performance, such as gains on sales of operating real estate and depreciation and amortization of real estate, among others. FFO is a commonly used measure of operating performance and profitability among REITs, and we use FFO and FFO per diluted share and OP Unit as supplemental non-GAAP measures to compare our performance for different periods to that of our industry peers.


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The following information is provided to reconcile NOI and FFO, which are non-GAAP measures, to net income (loss), a GAAP measure:
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2015
(in thousands of dollars)
Consolidated
 
Share of
Unconsolidated
Partnerships
 
Total
Real estate revenue
$
98,783

 
$
13,163

 
$
111,946

Property operating expenses
(43,152
)
 
(5,201
)
 
(48,353
)
     Net operating income (NOI)
55,631

 
7,962

 
63,593

General and administrative expenses
(8,943
)
 

 
(8,943
)
Other income
1,274

 

 
1,274

Acquisition costs and other expenses
(4,451
)
 
(27
)
 
(4,478
)
Interest expense, net
(20,145
)
 
(2,640
)
 
(22,785
)
Depreciation of non real estate assets
(378
)
 

 
(378
)
Gain on sale of interest in non operating real estate
43

 

 
43

Preferred share dividends
(3,962
)
 

 
(3,962
)
     Funds from operations (FFO)
19,069

 
5,295

 
24,364

Depreciation of real estate assets
(32,811
)
 
(3,212
)
 
(36,023
)
Equity in income of partnerships
2,083

 
(2,083
)
 

Impairment of assets
(6,240
)
 

 
(6,240
)
Preferred share dividends
3,962

 

 
3,962

     Net loss
$
(13,937
)
 
$

 
$
(13,937
)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2014
(in thousands of dollars)
Consolidated
 
Share of
Unconsolidated
Partnerships
 
Total
Real estate revenue
$
108,609

 
$
10,509

 
$
119,118

Property operating expenses
(51,717
)
 
(3,535
)
 
(55,252
)
     Net operating income (NOI)
56,892

 
6,974

 
63,866

General and administrative expenses
(9,077
)
 

 
(9,077
)
Other income
779

 

 
779

Acquisition costs and other expenses
(1,646
)
 

 
(1,646
)
Interest expense, net
(20,170
)
 
(2,730
)
 
(22,900
)
Depreciation of non real estate assets
(445
)
 

 
(445
)
Preferred share dividends
(3,962
)
 

 
(3,962
)
     Funds from operations (FFO)
22,371

 
4,244

 
26,615

Depreciation of real estate assets
(35,790
)
 
(1,842
)
 
(37,632
)
Equity in income of partnerships
2,402

 
(2,402
)
 

Impairment of assets
(1,300
)
 

 
(1,300
)
Preferred share dividends
3,962

 

 
3,962

     Net loss
$
(8,355
)
 
$

 
$
(8,355
)



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LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

This “Liquidity and Capital Resources” section contains certain “forward-looking statements” that relate to expectations and projections that are not historical facts. These forward-looking statements reflect our current views about our future liquidity and capital resources, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that might cause our actual liquidity and capital resources to differ materially from the forward-looking statements. Additional factors that might affect our liquidity and capital resources include those discussed herein and in the section entitled “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We do not intend to update or revise any forward-looking statements about our liquidity and capital resources to reflect new information, future events or otherwise.

Capital Resources

We expect to meet our short-term liquidity requirements, including distributions to common and preferred shareholders, recurring capital expenditures, tenant improvements and leasing commissions, but excluding acquisitions and development and redevelopment projects, generally through our available working capital and net cash provided by operations, subject to the terms and conditions of our 2013 Revolving Facility and our 2014 Term Loans (collectively, the “Credit Agreements”). We believe that our net cash provided by operations will be sufficient to allow us to make any distributions necessary to enable us to continue to qualify as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. The aggregate distributions made to preferred shareholders, common shareholders and OP Unit holders for the first three months of 2015 were $18.9 million, based on distributions of $0.5156 per Series A Preferred Share, $0.4609 per Series B Preferred Share and $0.21 per common share and OP Unit. The following are some of the factors that could affect our cash flows and require the funding of future cash distributions, recurring capital expenditures, tenant improvements or leasing commissions with sources other than operating cash flows:

adverse changes or prolonged downturns in general, local or retail industry economic, financial, credit or capital market or competitive conditions, leading to a reduction in real estate revenue or cash flows or an increase in expenses;
deterioration in our tenants’ business operations and financial stability, including anchor or non anchor tenant bankruptcies, leasing delays or terminations, or lower sales, causing deferrals or declines in rent, percentage rent and cash flows;
inability to achieve targets for, or decreases in, property occupancy and rental rates, resulting in lower or delayed real estate revenue and operating income;
increases in operating costs, including increases that cannot be passed on to tenants, resulting in reduced operating income and cash flows; and
increases in interest rates resulting in higher borrowing costs.

We expect to meet certain of our longer-term requirements, such as obligations to fund redevelopment and development projects and certain capital requirements (including scheduled debt maturities), future property and portfolio acquisitions, renovations, expansions and other non-recurring capital improvements, through a variety of capital sources, subject to the terms and conditions of our Credit Agreements.
In December 2014, our universal shelf registration statement was filed with the SEC and became effective. We may use the availability under our shelf registration statement to offer and sell common shares of beneficial interest, preferred shares and various types of debt securities, among other types of securities, to the public.


2013 Revolving Facility, as amended

In April 2013, we entered into a Credit Agreement (as amended, the “2013 Revolving Facility”) with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, and the other financial institutions signatory thereto, for a $400.0 million senior unsecured revolving credit facility. The 2013 Revolving Facility replaced the previously existing 2010 Credit Facility. In December 2013, we amended the 2013 Revolving Facility to make certain terms of the 2013 Revolving Facility consistent with the terms of the 2014 Term Loans (discussed below). All capitalized terms used in the discussion below that are and not otherwise defined have the meanings ascribed to such terms in the 2013 Revolving Facility.

As of March 31, 2015, $210.0 million was outstanding under our 2013 Revolving Facility, $15.0 million was pledged as collateral for letters of credit, and the unused portion that was available to us was $175.0 million. In April 2015, we borrowed an additional $50.0 million from our 2013 Revolving Facility, and one of our letters of credit for $7.1 million was terminated,

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leaving an aggregate of $132.1 million available under the 2013 Revolving Facility on the date we filed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
   
The initial maturity of the 2013 Revolving Facility is April 17, 2016, and we have options for two one-year extensions of the initial maturity date, subject to certain conditions and to the payment of extension fees of 0.15% and 0.20% of the Facility Amount for the first and second options, respectively.

Subject to the terms of the Credit Agreements, we have the option to increase the maximum amount available under the 2013 Revolving Facility, through an accordion option, from $400.0 million to as much as $600.0 million, in increments of $5.0 million (with a minimum increase of $25.0 million), based on Wells Fargo Bank’s ability to obtain increases in Revolving Commitments from the current lenders or Revolving Commitments from new lenders. No option to increase the maximum amount available under the 2013 Revolving Facility has been exercised by us.

Amounts borrowed under the 2013 Revolving Facility bear interest at a rate between 1.50% and 2.05% per annum, depending on PREIT’s leverage at the end of each quarter, in excess of LIBOR, with no floor, as set forth in the table below. The rate in effect at March 31, 2015 was 1.70% per annum in excess of LIBOR. In determining PREIT’s leverage (the ratio of Total Liabilities to Gross Asset Value), the capitalization rate used to calculate Gross Asset Value is (a) 6.50% for each Property having an average sales per square foot of more than $500 for the most recent period of 12 consecutive months, and (b) 7.50% for any other Property.
Level
Ratio of Total Liabilities to Gross Asset Value
Applicable Margin
1
Less than 0.450 to 1.00
1.50
%
2
Equal to or greater than 0.450 to 1.00 but less than 0.500 to 1.00
1.70
%
3
Equal to or greater than 0.500 to 1.00 but less than 0.550 to 1.00
1.85
%
4
Equal to or greater than 0.550 to 1.00
2.05
%

In the event that we seek and obtain an investment grade credit rating, alternative interest rates would apply. The unused portion of the 2013 Revolving Facility is subject to a fee of 0.30% per annum and is recorded in interest expense in the consolidated statements of operations. In the event that we seek and obtain an investment grade credit rating, alternative facility fees would apply.

PREIT and the subsidiaries of PREIT that either (1) account for more than 2.5% of adjusted Gross Asset Value (other than an Excluded Subsidiary), (2) own or lease an Unencumbered Property, or (3) own, directly or indirectly, a subsidiary described in clause (2) will serve as guarantors for funds borrowed under the 2013 Credit Facility. In the event that we seek and obtain an investment grade credit rating, we may request that a subsidiary guarantor be released, unless such guarantor becomes obligated in respect of the debt of the Borrower or another subsidiary or owns Unencumbered Property or incurs recourse debt.

The Credit Agreements are cross-defaulted with one another.

See note 4 in the notes to our unaudited consolidated financial statements for a description of the identical covenants contained in the Credit Agreements.

2014 Term Loans

In January 2014, we entered into two unsecured term loans in the initial aggregate amount of $250.0 million, comprised of:

(1) a 5 Year Term Loan Agreement (the “5 Year Term Loan”) with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, U.S. Bank National Association and the other financial institutions signatory thereto, for a $150.0 million senior unsecured 5 year term loan facility, of which we initially borrowed $100.0 million in January 2014; and

(2) a 7 Year Term Loan Agreement (the “7 Year Term Loan” and, together with the 5 Year Term Loan, the “2014 Term Loans”) with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, Capital One, National Association and the other financial institutions signatory thereto, for a $100.0 million senior unsecured 7 year term loan facility, of which we initially borrowed $30.0 million in January 2014.

Under the 2014 Term Loans, there was a deferred draw feature that enabled us to borrow the amounts specified in each of the term loans until April 8, 2015. In March 2015, we utilized this feature and borrowed an additional $50.0 million and $70.0 million under the 5 Year Term Loan and 7 Year Term Loan, respectively, increasing our aggregate borrowing to $150.0 million

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and $100.0 million under the 5 Year Term Loan and 7 Year Term Loan, respectively. We used the proceeds to fund a portion of the consideration for the acquisition of Springfield Town Center in Springfield, Virginia.

The table set forth below presents the amounts outstanding, interest rate (inclusive of the LIBOR spread and excluding the impact of interest rate swap agreements on LIBOR based debt) in effect and the maturity dates of the 2014 Term Loans as of March 31, 2015:

(in millions of dollars)
5 Year Term Loan
 
7 Year Term Loan
Total facility
$
150.0

 
$
100.0

Amount outstanding
$
150.0

 
$
100.0

Interest rate
1.63
%
 
2.13
%
Maturity date
January 2019

 
January 2021


Amounts borrowed under the 2014 Term Loans bear interest at the rate specified below per annum, depending on PREIT’s leverage, in excess of LIBOR, with no floor. In determining PREIT’s leverage (the ratio of Total Liabilities to Gross Asset Value), the capitalization rate used to calculate Gross Asset Value is (a) 6.50% for each Property having an average sales per square foot of more than $500 for the most recent period of 12 consecutive months, and (b) 7.50% for any other Property.
 
Level


Ratio of Total Liabilities
 to Gross Asset Value
5 Year Term Loan
Applicable Margin
7 Year Term Loan
Applicable Margin
1
Less than 0.450 to 1.00
1.35%
1.80%
2
Equal to or greater than 0.450 to 1.00 but less than 0.500 to 1.00
1.45%
1.95%
3
Equal to or greater than 0.500 to 1.00 but less than 0.550 to 1.00
1.60%
2.15%
4
Equal to or greater than 0.550 to 1.00
1.90%
2.35%

The current rate in effect under the 5 Year Term Loan is 1.45% per annum in excess of LIBOR. The current rate in effect under the 7 Year Term Loan is 1.95% per annum in excess of LIBOR. If PREIT seeks and obtains an investment grade credit rating and so notifies the lenders under the respective 2014 Term Loans, alternative interest rates would apply.
PREIT and the subsidiaries of PREIT that either (1) account for more than 2.5% of adjusted Gross Asset Value (other than an Excluded Subsidiary), (2) own or lease an Unencumbered Property, (3) own, directly or indirectly, a subsidiary described in clause (2), or (4) are guarantors under the 2013 Revolving Facility serve as guarantors for funds borrowed under the 2014 Term Loans. In the event that we seek and obtain an investment grade credit rating, we may request that a subsidiary guarantor be released, unless such guarantor becomes obligated in respect of the debt of the Borrower or another subsidiary, or owns Unencumbered Property and incurs recourse debt.

Subject to the terms of the Credit Agreements, we have the option to increase the maximum amount available under the 5 Year Term Loan, through an accordion option (subject to certain conditions), from $150.0 million to as much as $300.0 million, in increments of $5.0 million (with a minimum increase of $25.0 million), based on the ability to obtain increases in commitments from the current lenders or from new lenders.

Subject to the terms of the Credit Agreements, we have the option to increase the maximum amount available under the 7 Year Term Loan, through an accordion option (subject to certain conditions), from $100.0 million to as much as $200.0 million, in increments of $5.0 million (with a minimum increase of $25.0 million), based on the ability to obtain increases in commitments from the current lenders or from new lenders.

See note 4 in the notes to our unaudited consolidated financial statements for a description of the identical covenants contained in the Credit Agreements.


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Interest Rate Derivative Agreements

As of March 31, 2015, we had entered into 12 interest rate swap agreements with a weighted average interest rate of 1.67% on a notional amount of