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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)

ý QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2014
or 
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                                 to                                
Commission File Number:  000-23970
FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
DELAWARE
77-0216135
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
2 Huntington Quadrangle
Melville, New York
11747
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
 
631-777-5188
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
 
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes ý  No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý  No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):
Large accelerated filer o
Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o No ý
 
The number of shares of Common Stock outstanding as of October 31, 2014 was 45,222,846.




FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
FORM 10-Q
INDEX
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2



PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
13,697,061

 
$
19,288,340

Restricted cash
 
750,000

 
750,000

Marketable securities
 
12,136,254

 
8,073,108

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $146,108 and $276,302, respectively
 
7,259,882

 
11,150,323

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
1,827,244

 
1,636,891

Inventory
 
314,423

 
919,390

Deferred tax assets, net
 
358,092

 
358,092

Total current assets
 
36,342,956

 
42,176,144

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $16,550,400 and $16,022,230, respectively
 
2,377,106

 
3,317,344

Deferred tax assets, net
 
35,984

 
49,651

Software development costs, net
 
1,551,015

 
1,796,075

Other assets
 
1,363,695

 
1,549,255

Goodwill
 
4,150,339

 
4,150,339

Other intangible assets, net
 
156,676

 
179,596

Total assets
 
$
45,977,771

 
$
53,218,404

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Accounts payable
 
$
846,847

 
$
1,024,180

Accrued expenses
 
6,515,932

 
8,658,863

Deferred tax liabilities, net
 
18,005

 
18,005

Deferred revenue, net
 
16,803,671

 
18,148,268

Total current liabilities
 
24,184,455

 
27,849,316

Other long-term liabilities
 
734,615

 
617,300

Deferred tax liabilities, net
 
212,028

 
193,705

Deferred revenue, net
 
17,172,135

 
11,602,177

Total liabilities
 
42,303,233

 
40,262,498

Commitments and contingencies
 


 


Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, $.001 par value, 2,000,000 shares authorized, 900,000 shares issued and outstanding, redemption value of $9,000,000
 
7,099,400

 
6,737,578

Stockholders' equity:
 
 

 
 

Common stock - $.001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 56,360,222 and 56,036,972 shares issued, respectively and 45,222,846 and 48,031,737 shares outstanding, respectively
 
56,360

 
56,037

Additional paid-in capital
 
166,991,326

 
166,683,726

Accumulated deficit
 
(116,545,959
)
 
(111,842,709
)
Common stock held in treasury, at cost (11,137,376 and 8,005,235 shares, respectively)
 
(52,209,658
)
 
(46,916,339
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net
 
(1,716,931
)
 
(1,762,387
)
Total stockholders' (deficit) equity
 
(3,424,862
)
 
6,218,328

Total liabilities and stockholders' (deficit) equity
 
$
45,977,771

 
$
53,218,404


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3



FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product revenues
 
$
3,940,479

 
$
6,584,876

 
$
13,156,024

 
$
20,886,761

Support and services revenues
 
7,234,961

 
8,145,162

 
21,323,582

 
23,102,233

Total revenues
 
11,175,440

 
14,730,038

 
34,479,606

 
43,988,994

Cost of revenues:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Product
 
834,628

 
1,202,489

 
2,107,974

 
3,465,245

Support and service
 
1,757,716

 
2,566,471

 
5,866,408

 
8,436,866

Total cost of revenues
 
2,592,344

 
3,768,960

 
7,974,382

 
11,902,111

Gross profit
 
$
8,583,096

 
$
10,961,078

 
$
26,505,224

 
$
32,086,883

Operating expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Research and development costs
 
2,995,150

 
3,645,283

 
9,487,169

 
12,689,715

Selling and marketing
 
5,776,558

 
6,070,697

 
18,016,971

 
19,790,583

General and administrative
 
2,140,460

 
3,018,091

 
6,896,250

 
9,627,039

Investigation, litigation, and settlement related costs
 
(22,502
)
 
99,316

 
(5,186,711
)
 
275,774

Restructuring costs
 
259,078

 
2,290,831

 
1,045,564

 
2,290,831

Total operating expenses
 
11,148,744

 
15,124,218

 
30,259,243

 
44,673,942

Operating loss
 
(2,565,648
)
 
(4,163,140
)
 
(3,754,019
)
 
(12,587,059
)
Interest and other loss, net
 
(504,124
)
 
(3,212
)
 
(484,998
)
 
(821,178
)
Loss before income taxes
 
(3,069,772
)
 
(4,166,352
)
 
(4,239,017
)
 
(13,408,237
)
Provision (Benefit) for income taxes
 
162,627

 
(1,946,689
)
 
464,233

 
(1,600,836
)
Net loss
 
$
(3,232,399
)
 
$
(2,219,663
)
 
$
(4,703,250
)
 
$
(11,807,401
)
Less: Accrual of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock dividends
 
186,904

 
28,875

 
560,712

 
28,875

Less: Accretion to redemption value of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock
 
125,915

 
17,061

 
361,822

 
17,061

Net loss attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(3,545,218
)
 
$
(2,265,599
)
 
$
(5,625,784
)
 
$
(11,853,337
)
Basic net loss per share attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.12
)
 
$
(0.25
)
Diluted net loss per share attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.12
)
 
$
(0.25
)
Weighted average basic shares outstanding
 
45,158,184

 
48,024,916

 
47,025,887

 
47,961,853

Weighted average diluted shares outstanding
 
45,158,184

 
48,024,916

 
47,025,887

 
47,961,853


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


4



FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(UNAUDITED)

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Net loss
 
$
(3,232,399
)
 
$
(2,219,663
)
 
$
(4,703,250
)
 
$
(11,807,401
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Foreign currency translation
 
183,858

 
(932
)
 
45,388

 
13,858

Net unrealized loss on marketable securities
 
(3,900
)
 
(2,307
)
 
(3,282
)
 
(3,757
)
Net minimum pension liability
 
(754
)
 
2,965

 
3,350

 
2,019

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes:
 
179,204

 
(274
)
 
45,456

 
12,120

Total comprehensive loss
 
$
(3,053,195
)
 
$
(2,219,937
)
 
$
(4,657,794
)
 
$
(11,795,281
)
Less: Accrual of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock dividends
 
186,904

 
28,875

 
560,712

 
28,875

Less: Accretion to redemption value of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock
 
125,915

 
17,061

 
361,822

 
17,061

Total comprehensive loss attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(3,366,014
)
 
$
(2,265,873
)
 
$
(5,580,328
)
 
$
(11,841,217
)

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


5



FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2014
 
2013
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(4,703,250
)
 
$
(11,807,401
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash from operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
1,968,810

 
2,081,953

Share-based payment compensation
 
1,205,476

 
1,258,000

Non-cash professional services expenses
 
297

 
36,942

Gain on Estate litigation settlement
 
(5,293,319
)
 

Restructuring costs
 
832,149

 
2,265,542

Payment of restructuring costs
 
(1,004,799
)
 
(1,346,693
)
Realized gain on marketable securities
 

 
(3,545
)
Provision for returns and doubtful accounts
 
(68,838
)
 
(391,371
)
Deferred income tax provision
 
(18,407
)
 
(11,737
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Accounts receivable
 
3,976,230

 
5,851,286

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
(188,627
)
 
663,592

Inventory
 
604,967

 
(109,621
)
Other assets
 
210,587

 
(32,900
)
Accounts payable
 
(160,432
)
 
(1,075,552
)
Accrued expenses and other long-term liabilities
 
(1,733,806
)
 
(6,211,327
)
Deferred revenue
 
4,333,607

 
1,339,297

Net cash used in operating activities
 
(39,355
)
 
(7,493,535
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 

 
 

Sales of marketable securities
 
31,901,030

 
20,806,642

Purchases of marketable securities
 
(35,967,458
)
 
(16,044,295
)
Purchases of property and equipment
 
(688,579
)
 
(1,124,170
)
Capitalized software development costs
 
(100,885
)
 
(830,301
)
Security deposits
 
(44,247
)
 
(250,000
)
Purchase of intangible assets
 
(67,793
)
 
(100,556
)
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities
 
(4,967,932
)
 
2,457,320

Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 

 
 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options
 
24,684

 
697,500

Dividends paid on Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock
 
(590,187
)
 

Proceeds from issuance of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, net of issuance costs
 

 
8,731,677

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
 
(565,503
)
 
9,429,177

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
 
(18,489
)
 
(93,787
)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
(5,591,279
)
 
4,299,175

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
 
19,288,340

 
18,651,468

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
13,697,061

 
$
22,950,643

Supplemental disclosures:
 
 

 
 

Cash paid for income taxes, net
 
$
146,246

 
$
59,023

Non-cash financing activities:
 
 

 
 

Undistributed Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock dividends
 
$
186,904

 
$
28,875

The Company did not pay any interest for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013.
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6



FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 

(1) Basis of Presentation

(a)  The Company and Nature of Operations
 
FalconStor Software, Inc., a Delaware Corporation (the "Company"), develops, manufactures and sells data migration, business continuity, disaster recovery, optimized backup and de-duplication solutions and provides the related maintenance, implementation and engineering services.
 
(b)  Principles of Consolidation
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries.  All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
(c)  Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company’s significant estimates include those related to revenue recognition, accounts receivable allowances, share-based payment compensation, marketable securities, valuation of embedded derivatives, software development costs, goodwill and other intangible assets and income taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
The financial market volatility in many countries where the Company operates has impacted and may continue to impact the Company’s business. Such conditions could have a material impact to the Company’s significant accounting estimates discussed above.
 
(d)  Unaudited Interim Financial Information
 
The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations relating to interim financial statements.
 
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the financial position of the Company at September 30, 2014, and the results of its operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013. The results of operations of any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for the full fiscal year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes set forth in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 ("2013 Form 10-K").

(e) Reclassifications

Certain reclassifications were made to the prior period amounts to conform to the current period presentation.

(f)  Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
 
In July 2013, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued new guidance which requires the netting of an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, against a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carry forward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carry forward if such settlement is required or expected in the event the uncertain tax position is disallowed.  The new guidance is effective prospectively to all existing unrecognized tax benefits, but entities can choose to apply it retrospectively. The adoption of this new accounting guidance in the first quarter of 2014 did not have any impact on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.


7



(g)  Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In August 2014, the FASB issued new guidance which requires an entity to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity's ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or within one year after the financial statements are available to be issued when applicable), and to provide related footnote disclosures in certain circumstances. The new standard is effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual and interim periods thereafter, which for the Company will be the annual period ending December 31, 2016. Early application is permitted. The Company has not yet adopted this guidance and currently does not expect the adoption of the new guidance by the Company to have a significant impact on our financial results.

In May 2014, the FASB issued new guidance which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. This new guidance will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States when it becomes effective. The new standard is effective for the Company on January 1, 2017. Early application is not permitted. The standard permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. The Company is evaluating the effect that this new guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. The Company has not yet selected a transition method nor has it determined the effect of the standard on its ongoing financial reporting.
 
(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The Company's significant accounting policies were described in Note (1) "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" of the 2013 Form 10-K. There have been no significant changes in the Company's significant accounting policies since December 31, 2013. The Company's revenue recognition accounting policy is included below. For a description of the Company's other significant accounting policies refer to the 2013 Form 10-K.

Revenue Recognition
 
The Company derives its revenue from sales of its products, support and services. Product revenue consists of the Company’s software integrated with industry standard hardware and sold as complete turn-key integrated solutions and as stand-alone software applications. Support and services revenue consists of both maintenance revenues and professional services revenues. Revenue is recorded net of applicable sales taxes.
 
In accordance with the authoritative guidance issued by the FASB on revenue recognition, the Company recognizes revenue from product sales when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the fee is fixed and determinable, the product is delivered, and collection of the resulting receivable is deemed probable. Products delivered to a customer on a trial basis are not recognized as revenue until the trial period has ended and acceptance has occurred by the customer. Reseller customers typically send the Company a purchase order when they have an end user identified. Distributor customers typically send the Company a purchase order when they have a reseller and an end user identified. For bundled arrangements that include either maintenance or both maintenance and professional services, the Company uses the residual method to determine the amount of product revenue to be recognized. Under the residual method, consideration is allocated to the undelivered elements based upon vendor-specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) of the fair value of those elements, with the residual of the arrangement fee allocated to and recognized as product revenue. If VSOE does not exist for all undelivered elements of an arrangement, the Company recognizes total revenue from the arrangement ratably over the term of the maintenance agreement. The Company's long-term portion of deferred revenue consists of (i) payments received for maintenance contracts with terms in excess of one year as of the balance sheet date, (ii) payments received for product sales bundled with multiple years of maintenance but for which VSOE did not exist for all undelivered elements of the arrangement, and (iii) payments received in connection with a joint development agreement entered into by the Company in 2013 pursuant to which certain revenue is being deferred until final delivery, acceptance and notification of first customer shipment of the software product being developed and which the Company anticipates will be recognized ratably over the contractual twenty-four month maintenance period. If at any time, the customer elects to terminate their maintenance agreement, any unrecognized deferred revenue would be accelerated and recognized as revenue during the period in which the termination becomes effective. The Company provides an allowance for product returns as a reduction of revenue, based upon historical experience and known or expected trends.

Revenues associated with maintenance services are deferred and recognized as revenue ratably over the term of the contract. Revenues associated with software implementation and software engineering services are recognized when the services are performed. Costs of providing these services are included in cost of support and services.
 

8



The Company has entered into various distribution, licensing and joint promotion agreements with OEMs, whereby the Company has provided to the OEM a non-exclusive software license to install the Company’s software on certain hardware or to resell the Company’s software in exchange for payments based on the products distributed by these OEMs. Such payments from the OEM or distributor are recognized as revenue in the period reported by the OEM.

From time to time the Company will enter into funded software development arrangements. Under such arrangements, revenue recognition will not commence until final delivery and/or acceptance of the product. For arrangements where the Company has VSOE for the undelivered elements, the Company will follow the residual method and recognize product revenue upon final delivery and/or acceptance of the product. For arrangements where the Company does not have VSOE for the undelivered elements, the Company will recognize the entire arrangement fee ratably commencing at the time of final delivery and/or acceptance through the end of the service period in the arrangement.
 
(3) Earnings Per Share

Basic EPS is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding. Diluted EPS is computed based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding increased by dilutive common stock equivalents, attributable to stock option awards, restricted stock awards and redeemable convertible preferred stock outstanding.

The following represents the common stock equivalents that were excluded from the computation of diluted shares outstanding because their effect would have been anti-dilutive for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Stock options and restricted stock
 
8,453,854

 
9,337,725

 
8,453,854

 
9,337,725

Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock
 
8,781,516

 
8,781,516

 
8,781,516

 
8,781,516

Total anti-dilutive common stock equivalents
 
17,235,370

 
18,119,241

 
17,235,370

 
18,119,241


The following represents a reconciliation of the numerators and denominators of the basic and diluted EPS computation:  
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,

 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Numerator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(3,232,399
)
 
$
(2,219,663
)
 
$
(4,703,250
)
 
$
(11,807,401
)
Effects of redeemable convertible preferred stock:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Less: Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock dividends
 
186,904

 
28,875

 
560,712

 
28,875

Less: Accretion to redemption value of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock
 
125,915

 
17,061

 
361,822

 
17,061

Net loss attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(3,545,218
)
 
$
(2,265,599
)
 
$
(5,625,784
)
 
$
(11,853,337
)
Denominator
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Weighted average basic shares outstanding
 
45,158,184

 
48,024,916

 
47,025,887

 
47,961,853

Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Stock options and restricted stock
 

 

 

 

Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock
 

 

 

 

Weighted average diluted shares outstanding
 
45,158,184

 
48,024,916

 
47,025,887

 
47,961,853

EPS
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic net loss per share attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.12
)
 
$
(0.25
)
Diluted net loss per share attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.12
)
 
$
(0.25
)


9



(4) Inventories
 
At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 inventories are as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Component materials
 
$
11,330

 
$
10,073

Finished systems
 
303,093

 
909,317

Total Inventory
 
$
314,423

 
$
919,390

 
As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company has not recorded any reserve for excess and/or obsolete inventories in arriving at estimated net realizable value of its inventory.
 
(5) Property and Equipment

The gross carrying amount and accumulated depreciation of property and equipment as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 are as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Property and Equipment:
 
 
 
 
Gross carrying amount
 
$
18,927,506

 
$
19,339,574

Accumulated depreciation
 
(16,550,400
)
 
(16,022,230
)
Property and Equipment, net
 
$
2,377,106

 
$
3,317,344


For the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, depreciation expense was $378,010 and $570,711, respectively.  For the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, depreciation expense was $1,318,737 and $1,719,139, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, in connection with the Company's 2013 restructuring plan, the Company wrote-off gross property and equipment of $318,757 and $559,674, respectively, and the associated accumulated depreciation of $203,351, and $346,259, respectively, related to assets that were no longer in use as a result of the closure of foreign facilities. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, in connection with the Company's 2013 restructuring plan, the Company wrote-off gross property and equipment of $51,070 and $51,070, respectively, and the associated accumulated depreciation of $25,781 and $25,781, respectively, related to assets that were no longer in use as a result of the closure of foreign facilities. For further information, refer to Note (18) Restructuring Costs.

(6) Software Development Costs

The gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization of software development costs as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 are as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Software development costs:
 
 
 
 
Gross carrying amount
 
$
2,819,785

 
$
2,718,900

Accumulated amortization
 
(1,268,770
)
 
(922,825
)
Software development costs, net
 
$
1,551,015

 
$
1,796,075


During the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, the Company recorded $121,821 and $82,063, respectively, of amortization expense related to capitalized software costs. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, the Company recorded $345,945 and $246,188, respectively, of amortization expense related to capitalized software costs.


10



(7) Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

The gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization of goodwill and other intangible assets as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 are as follows: 
 
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Goodwill
 
$
4,150,339

 
$
4,150,339

Other intangible assets:
 
 

 
 

Gross carrying amount
 
$
3,324,502

 
$
3,256,709

Accumulated amortization
 
(3,167,826
)
 
(3,077,113
)
Net carrying amount
 
$
156,676

 
$
179,596


For the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, amortization expense was $29,897 and $34,108, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, amortization expense was $90,713 and $91,337, respectively.

(8) Share-Based Payment Arrangements
 
The following table summarizes the plans under which the Company was able to grant equity compensation as of September 30, 2014
 
 
Shares
 
Shares Available
 
Shares
 
Last Date for Grant
Name of Plan
 
Authorized
 
for Grant
 
Outstanding
 
of Shares
FalconStor Software, Inc., 2006 Incentive Stock Plan
 
13,455,546
 
3,237,347
 
7,284,597
 
May 17, 2016
FalconStor Software, Inc., 2013 Outside Directors Equity Compensation Plan
 
400,000
 
290,000
 
93,500
 
May 9, 2016
 
The following table summarizes the Company’s equity plans that have expired but that still have equity awards outstanding as of September 30, 2014
Name of Plan
 
Shares Available for Grant
 
Shares Outstanding
 
 
 
 
 
FalconStor Software, Inc., 2000 Stock Option Plan
 
 
778,757
 
 
 
 
 
2004 Outside Directors Stock Option Plan
 
 
120,000
 
 
 
 
 
FalconStor Software, Inc., 2007 Outside Directors Equity Compensation Plan
 
 
160,000
 
 
 
 
 
FalconStor Software, Inc., 2010 Outside Directors Equity Compensation Plan
 
 
17,000
 
The Company recognized share-based compensation expense for all awards issued under the Company’s stock equity plans in the following line items in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Cost of revenues - Product
 
$

 
$
82

 
$

 
$
181

Cost of revenues - Support and Service
 
20,563

 
7,990

 
74,900

 
112,182

Research and development costs
 
47,085

 
69,542

 
222,492

 
291,480

Selling and marketing
 
67,214

 
(56,838
)
 
280,188

 
215,352

General and administrative
 
236,196

 
142,636

 
628,193

 
675,747

 
 
$
371,058

 
$
163,412

 
$
1,205,773

 
$
1,294,942


11



  
On April 1, 2014 the Company granted 2,037,857 shares of restricted stock to certain Company officers and employees. The restricted shares have terms of four years. The restrictions on various portions of the restricted stock lapse upon the Company's achievement of performance criteria related to: Common Stock price; GAAP earnings per share; non-GAAP earnings per share; cash related targets; and revenue/billings related targets. The restricted stock agreement contained a clause that provided the Company with discretion to recover the awards in certain circumstances. This discretion clause was amended on July 30, 2014 and as a result the grant date was determined to be July 30, 2014 in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

The fair value for awards related to the earnings per share, cash and revenue performance criteria is the closing stock price of the Company's common stock on the date of grant of $1.58. Share-based compensation expense for the performance criteria is recorded when the achievement of the performance condition is considered probable of achievement and is recorded straight-line over the requisite service period. The fair value of the common stock price market condition was calculated using the Monte Carlo simulation model resulting in a weighted average fair value of $0.80. Share-based compensation expense for the common stock price market condition is recorded straight-line over the longer of the explicit service period or the service period derived from the Monte Carlo simulation. The explicit service period and the service period derived from the Monte Carlo simulation were the same for the grant.

(9) Income Taxes
 
The Company’s provision for income taxes consists of state and local, and foreign taxes, as applicable, in amounts necessary to align the Company’s year-to-date tax provision with the effective rate that it expects to achieve for the full year.
 
For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company recorded an income tax provision of $464,233, consisting primarily of state and local and foreign taxes. For the nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $1.6 million, consisting of a $2.1 million reversal of unrecognized tax benefits due to the expiration of applicable statutes of limitations partly offset by state and local and foreign taxes. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and September 30, 2013 was (11.0%) and 11.9%, respectively. As of September 30, 2014, the Company’s conclusion did not change with respect to the realizability of its domestic deferred tax assets and, therefore, the Company has not recorded any benefit for its expected net domestic deferred tax assets for the full year 2014 estimated annual effective tax rate. As of September 30, 2014, the valuation allowance totaled approximately $35.8 million.
 
The Company’s total unrecognized tax benefits, excluding interest, at both September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 were $217,237. At September 30, 2014, $296,675 of unrecognized tax benefits, including interest, if recognized, would reduce the Company’s effective tax rate. As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had $79,438 and $66,875, respectively, of accrued interest.
 
(10) Fair Value Measurements
 
The Company measures its cash equivalents, marketable securities and derivative instruments at fair value. Fair value is an exit price, representing the amount that would be received on the sale of an asset or that would be paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As a basis for considering such assumptions, the Company utilizes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in the valuation methodologies in measuring fair value.
 
The methodology for measuring fair value specifies a hierarchy of valuation techniques based upon whether the inputs to those valuation techniques reflect assumptions other market participants would use based upon market data obtained from independent sources (observable inputs) or reflect the Company’s own assumptions of market participant valuation (unobservable inputs). As a result, observable and unobservable inputs have created the following fair value hierarchy:
 
Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets that are unadjusted and accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities. At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Level 1 category included money market funds and commercial paper, which are included within cash and cash equivalents in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Level 2 – Quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or financial instruments for which significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly. At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Level 2 category included government securities and corporate debt securities, which are included within cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.


12



Level 3 – Prices or valuations that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable. At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Level 3 category included derivatives, which are included within other long-term liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company did not hold any cash, cash equivalents or marketable securities categorized as Level 3 as of September 30, 2014 or December 31, 2013.

The following table presents the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis at September 30, 2014:
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
 
 
Total
 
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant other
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
 
$
4,905,462

 
$
4,905,462

 
$

 
$

Corporate debt and government securities
 
543,435

 

 
543,435

 

Total cash equivalents
 
5,448,897

 
4,905,462

 
543,435

 

Marketable securities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Corporate debt and government securities
 
12,136,254

 

 
12,136,254

 

Total marketable securities
 
12,136,254

 

 
12,136,254

 

Derivative liabilities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Derivative Instruments
 
178,197

 

 

 
178,197

Total derivative liabilities
 
178,197

 

 

 
178,197

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets and liabilities measured at fair value
 
$
17,763,348

 
$
4,905,462

 
$
12,679,689

 
$
178,197


The following table presents the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis at December 31, 2013
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
 
 
Total
 
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant other
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds and commercial paper
 
$
8,486,633

 
$
8,486,633

 
$

 
$

Total cash equivalents
 
8,486,633

 
8,486,633

 

 

Marketable securities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Corporate debt and government securities
 
8,073,108

 

 
8,073,108

 

Total marketable securities
 
8,073,108

 

 
8,073,108

 

Derivative liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative Instruments
 
159,134

 

 

 
159,134

Total derivative liabilities
 
159,134

 

 

 
159,134

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets and liabilities measured at fair value
 
$
16,718,875

 
$
8,486,633

 
$
8,073,108

 
$
159,134

 
The fair value of the Company’s investments in corporate debt and government securities have been determined utilizing third party pricing services and verified by the Company. The pricing services use inputs to determine fair value which are derived from observable market sources including reportable trades, benchmark curves, credit spreads, broker/dealer quotes, bids, offers, and other industry and economic events. These investments are included in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.


13



The fair value of the Company’s derivatives were valued using the Black-Scholes pricing model adjusted for probability assumptions, with all significant inputs, except for the probability and volatility assumptions, derived from or corroborated by observable market data such as stock price and interest rates.  The probability and volatility assumptions are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.  These embedded derivatives are included in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

The following table presents a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances of the Company's liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and September 30, 2013:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Beginning Balance
 
$
111,470

 
$

 
$
159,134

 
$

Issuance of Derivative Instruments
 

 
170,337

 

 
170,337

Total loss recognized in earnings
 
66,727

 

 
19,063

 

Ending Balance
 
$
178,197

 
$
170,337

 
$
178,197

 
$
170,337


(11) Marketable Securities
 
The Company’s marketable securities consist of available-for-sale securities, which are carried at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses reported as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. Unrealized gains and losses are computed on the specific identification method. Realized gains, realized losses and declines in value judged to be other-than-temporary, are included in interest and other income, net. The cost of available-for-sale securities sold is based on the specific identification method and interest earned is included in interest and other income.
 
The cost and fair values of the Company’s available-for-sale marketable securities as of September 30, 2014, are as follows: 
 
 
Aggregate
Fair Value
 
Cost or Amortized
Cost
 
Net Unrealized
Gains/(losses)
Government securities
 
$
7,577,349

 
$
7,576,249

 
$
1,100

Corporate debt securities
 
4,558,905

 
4,559,877

 
(972
)
Marketable Securities
 
$
12,136,254

 
$
12,136,126

 
$
128


The cost and fair values of the Company’s available-for-sale marketable securities as of December 31, 2013, are as follows: 
 
 
Aggregate
Fair Value
 
Cost or Amortized
Cost
 
Net Unrealized
Gains
Government securities
 
$
6,252,339

 
$
6,249,483

 
$
2,856

Corporate debt securities
 
1,820,769

 
1,820,215

 
554

Marketable Securities
 
$
8,073,108

 
$
8,069,698

 
$
3,410

 
(12) Commitments and Contingencies
 
The Company has an operating lease covering its corporate office facility that expires in April 2021. The Company also has several additional operating leases related to offices in foreign countries. The expiration dates for these leases range from 2014 through 2017. The following is a schedule of future minimum lease payments for all operating leases as of September 30, 2014
2014
$
715,210

2015
2,144,155

2016
1,708,468

2017
1,591,012

2018
1,459,190

Thereafter
3,577,335

 
$
11,195,370


14




The Company typically provides its customers a warranty on its software products for a period of no more than 90 days. Such warranties are accounted for in accordance with the authoritative guidance issued by the FASB on contingencies. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company has not incurred any costs related to warranty obligations.
 
Under the terms of substantially all of its software license agreements, the Company has agreed to indemnify its customers for all costs and damages arising from claims against such customers based on, among other things, allegations that the Company’s software infringes the intellectual property rights of a third party. In most cases, in the event of an infringement claim, the Company retains the right to (i) procure for the customer the right to continue using the software; (ii) replace or modify the software to eliminate the infringement while providing substantially equivalent functionality; or (iii) if neither (i) nor (ii) can be reasonably achieved, the Company may terminate the license agreement and refund to the customer a pro-rata portion of the license fee paid to the Company. Such indemnification provisions are accounted for in accordance with the authoritative guidance issued by the FASB on guarantees. From time to time, in the ordinary course of business, the Company receives claims for indemnification, typically from OEMs. The Company is not currently aware of any material claims for indemnification.
 
Upon certain triggering events, such as bankruptcy, insolvency or a material adverse effect, failure to achieve minimum financial covenants or failure of the Company to issue shares upon conversion of the redeemable convertible preferred stock in accordance with its obligations, the redeemable convertible preferred stockholders may require the Company to redeem all or some of the redeemable convertible preferred stock at a price equal to the greater of 100% of the stated value plus accrued and unpaid dividends or the product of the number of shares of common stock underlying the redeemable convertible preferred stock and the closing price as of the occurrence of the triggering event.  On or after August 5, 2017, each redeemable convertible preferred stockholder can require the Company to redeem its redeemable convertible preferred stock in cash at a price equal to 100% of the stated value being redeemed plus accrued and unpaid dividends. As of September 30, 2014, the Company was not in compliance with the financial covenant based on earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA") for two consecutive quarters which, provided the redeemable convertible preferred stockholders the right to require the Company to redeem any of the redeemable convertible preferred stock for the greater of 100% of the stated value plus accrued and unpaid dividends or the product of the number of shares of common stock underlying the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock and the closing price as of September 30, 2014. On October 20, 2014 the Company obtained a waiver from the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock waiving the holders' rights arising from the EBITDA covenant violation as of September 30, 2014. The Company is working on addressing financial measures needed to pass the quarterly EBITDA covenant for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014. However, there can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in these efforts and in the event the Company is unable to maintain compliance with the covenant in the future, the Company intends to work with the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock to obtain additional waivers, as necessary. As of September 30, 2014, the Company did not fail any other financial or non-financial covenants related to the Company's Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock. However, as described under Note (13), Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock, the Company was also required to obtain a waiver to enable it to pay the required quarterly dividends on the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock in cash for the third quarter of 2014.

On July 23, 2013, the Company entered into an Employment Agreement (“Quinn Employment Agreement”) with Gary Quinn. Pursuant to the Quinn Employment Agreement, the Company agreed to employ Mr. Quinn as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company effective July 23, 2013 through July 22, 2015, at an annual salary of $400,000 per annum. The Quinn Employment Agreement also provided for the grant of 500,000 restricted shares which vest over a two-year period at 50% and 50% annually. The 500,000 restricted shares were granted to Mr. Quinn by the Company’s Compensation Committee on August 5, 2013.
 
In July, 2013, the Company signed a joint development agreement with Violin Memory under which Violin will pay the Company $12.0 million for licenses to certain of the Company's software and for further development of that software.  The first two milestones under the contract were met during 2013 and as a result the Company received $6.0 million under the agreement during 2013. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company met additional milestones under the contract and billed an additional $4.5 million, of which $3.0 million has been collected as of September 30, 2014, with the full amount of the billings reflected as long term deferred revenue as of September 30, 2014. The final $3.0 million to be collected is broken into two remaining milestone payments with receipt contingent upon delivery and acceptance of the final two milestones for the software product by December 31, 2014. The Company delivered, and Violin accepted, one part of the final software milestone during the third quarter, and delivered the second part of the final software milestone on October 16, 2014. As of September 30, 2014, the Company has recorded $10.5 million as long term deferred revenue and has received $9.0 million in payments, with the remaining balance reflected in accounts receivable. While we believe that the software we have delivered as of October 16, 2014 meets the specifications set forth in the agreement with Violin, Violin is entitled to test the software before it accepts it. If the software is not accepted, and the Company is unable to remediate any software problems identified by Violin, the Company will not receive the additional payments and could be required to refund up to $0.5 million of the payments received as of September 30, 2014.  

15



  
From time to time, the Company has undertaken restructuring and expense control measures to support its business performance and to align the Company’s cost structure with its resources. During the third quarter of 2013, the Company adopted a restructuring plan intended to better align the Company’s cost structure with the skills and resources required to more effectively execute the Company’s long-term growth strategy and to support revenue levels the Company expects to achieve on a go forward basis (the “2013 Plan”).  In connection with the 2013 Plan, the Company eliminated over 100 positions worldwide, implemented tighter expense controls, ceased non-core activities and closed or downsized several facilities.  As of September 30, 2014 the restructuring accrual totaled $1.1 million. The remaining payments under the 2013 Plan are expected to be paid through the first half of 2015; however, there can be no assurance that all payments will be completed by that time.

On December 1, 2005, the Company adopted the 2005 FalconStor Software, Inc., Key Executive Severance Protection Plan, which was amended April 1, 2014 (“Severance Plan”). Pursuant to the Severance Plan, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and certain other key personnel are entitled to receive certain contingent benefits, as set forth in the Severance Plan, including lump sum payments and acceleration of stock option vesting, each in certain circumstances.
 
(13) Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock
 
On September 16, 2013, the Company issued to Hale Capital Partners, LP (“Hale”) 900,000 shares of the Company’s newly created Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock (the "redeemable convertible preferred stock"), par value $0.001 per share, at a price of $10 per share, for an aggregate purchase consideration of $9.0 million.  Hale subsequently assigned and transferred all of its shares of the redeemable convertible preferred stock to HCP-FVA LLC. Each share of redeemable convertible preferred stock is convertible into common stock equivalents, at the option of the holder and upon certain mandatory conversion events described below, at a conversion rate of $1.02488 (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, reverse stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications and similar events).  The Company received net proceeds of approximately $8,731,677 from the issuance of the redeemable convertible preferred stock in 2013, net of transaction costs.
 
If the volume weighted average price of common stock for each trading day of any 60 consecutive trading days exceeds 250% of the conversion price and exceeds 225% of the conversion price through the conversion date, and certain equity conditions are met such that shares of common stock issued upon conversion can be immediately saleable by the redeemable convertible preferred stockholders, the Company can convert the redeemable convertible preferred stock up to an amount equal to the greater of 25% of the daily trading volume for the 20 consecutive trading days immediately preceding the conversion date or the amount of an identified bona fide block trade at a price reasonably acceptable to the applicable redeemable convertible preferred stockholder, but which price is not less than the arithmetic average of the weighted average prices of the common stock for the five trading days immediately preceding such sale.
 
Upon certain triggering events, such as bankruptcy, insolvency or a material adverse effect, failure to achieve minimum financial covenants or failure of the Company to issue shares upon conversion of the redeemable convertible preferred stock in accordance with its obligations, the redeemable convertible preferred stockholders may require the Company to redeem all or some of the redeemable convertible preferred stock at a price equal to the greater of 100% of the stated value plus accrued and unpaid dividends or the product of the number of shares of common stock underlying the redeemable convertible preferred stock and the closing price as of the occurrence of the triggering event.  On or after August 5, 2017, each redeemable convertible preferred stockholder can require the Company to redeem its redeemable convertible preferred stock in cash at a price equal to 100% of the stated value being redeemed plus accrued and unpaid dividends. If the Company does not have the funds necessary to redeem the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, the dividends accruing on any outstanding Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock will increase to prime plus 10% (from prime plus 5%). For each six months that the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock remains unredeemed, the dividend rate increases by 1%, subject to a maximum dividend rate of 19%. In addition, the Company's failure to redeem the redeemable convertible preferred stock would be considered a “Breach Event” under the agreements with the holders of the redeemable convertible preferred stock. If a Breach Event were to occur, then, under the agreements with the holders of our redeemable convertible preferred stock, the Company's Board of Directors would automatically be increased, with the holders of the redeemable convertible preferred stock having the right to appoint the new directors, so that the holders of the redeemable convertible preferred stock would have appointed a majority of the Board of Directors. This would give the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock control of the Company. As of September 30, 2014, the Company was not in compliance with the financial covenant based on EBITDA for two consecutive quarters, which provided the redeemable convertible preferred stockholders the right to require the Company to redeem any of the redeemable convertible preferred stock waiving the holders' rights arising from the greater of 100% of the stated value plus accrued and unpaid dividends or the product of the number of shares of common stock underlying the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock and the closing price as of September 30, 2014. On October 20, 2014 the Company obtained a waiver from the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock for the EBITDA covenant violation as of September 30, 2014. The Company is working on addressing financial measures needed to pass the quarterly EBITDA covenant for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014. However,

16



there can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in their efforts and in the event the Company is unable to maintain compliance with the covenant in the future, the Company intends to work with the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock to obtain additional waivers, as necessary. As of September 30, 2014, the Company did not fail any other financial or non-financial covenants related to the Company's Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock. However, as described below, the Company was also required to obtain a waiver to enable it to pay the required quarterly dividends on the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock in cash for the third quarter of 2014.

The Purchase Agreement for the redeemable convertible preferred stock provided that the Company would use commercially reasonable efforts to file a registration statement with the SEC within 90 days for the resale of all of the common stock issuable on the conversion of the Preferred Stock and as dividends.  On December 2, 2013 the registration statement was declared effective by the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Purchase Agreement also contained other representations, warranties and financial and non-financial covenants, customary for an issuance of Preferred Stock in a private placement of this nature.  

Holders of the redeemable convertible preferred stock are entitled to receive quarterly dividends at the Prime Rate (Wall Street Journal Eastern Edition) plus 5% (up to a maximum amount of 10%), payable in cash, provided, that if the Company will not have at least $1.0 million in positive cash flow for any calendar quarter after giving effect to the payment of such dividends, the Company, at its election, can pay such dividends in whole or in part in cash, provided that cash flow from operations is not negative, and the remainder can be accrued or paid in common stock to the extent certain equity conditions are satisfied. As of September 30, 2014, the Company was not in compliance with the cash flow requirement to pay dividends in cash. On October 20, 2014, the Company obtained a waiver from the holders to pay the third quarter 2014 quarterly dividend in cash. The Company paid the 2014 quarterly dividends in cash on April 16, 2014, July 17, 2014 and October 21, 2014.

Each share of redeemable convertible preferred stock has a vote equal to the number of shares of common stock into which the redeemable convertible preferred stock would be convertible as of the record date of September 13, 2013.  The Company’s closing stock price on the record date was $1.23 per share, which results in voting power of 7,317,073 shares.  In addition, holders of a majority of the redeemable convertible preferred stock must approve certain actions, including any amendments to the Company's charter or bylaws that adversely affects the voting powers, preferences or other rights of the redeemable convertible preferred stock; payment of dividends or distributions; any liquidation, capitalization, reorganization or any other fundamental transaction of the Company; issuance of certain equity securities senior to or in parity with the redeemable convertible preferred stock as to dividend rights, redemption rights, liquidation preference and other rights; issuances of equity below the conversion price; any liens or borrowings other than non-convertible indebtedness from standard commercial lenders which does not exceed 80% of the company’s accounts receivable; and the redemption or purchase of any capital stock of the Company.
 
The Company has classified the redeemable convertible preferred stock as temporary equity in the financial statements as it is subject to redemption at the option of the holder under certain circumstances.  As a result of the Company’s analysis of all the embedded conversion and put features within the preferred stock, the contingent redemption put options in the redeemable convertible preferred stock were determined to not be clearly and closely related to the debt-type host and also did not meet any other scope exceptions for derivative accounting. Therefore the contingent redemption put options are being accounted for as derivative instruments and the fair value of these derivative instruments were bifurcated from the redeemable convertible preferred stock and recorded as a liability.  These derivative instruments were determined, in the aggregate, to have a fair value of $170,337 at the time of issuance of the preferred stock and were recorded as a reduction to preferred stock.  This discount is being accreted to the redeemable convertible preferred stock using the effective interest method through the stated redemption date of August 5, 2017, which represents the earliest redemption date of the instrument.  As of September 30, 2014, the fair value of these derivative instruments was $178,197. The change in fair value of these derivative instruments for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 of $66,727 and $19,063, respectively, was included in “Interest and other loss, net” within the consolidated statement of operations.
 
A beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) is recorded when the consideration allocated to a convertible security, divided by the number of common shares into which the security converts, is below the fair value of the common stock at the commitment date. The Company’s common stock price on the date one day prior to the closing of the Preferred Stock Agreement (the commitment date) was $1.23 per share, which was $0.21 greater than the conversion price of the redeemable convertible preferred stock. As the closing stock price on the commitment date was greater than the conversion price, the Company recognized a BCF at the time of issuance.  The Company allocated $1,951,266 to the BCF through an increase to additional paid-in capital and a corresponding decrease to the preferred stock. The resulting additional discount to the preferred stock is also being accreted to the redeemable convertible preferred stock using the effective interest method through the stated redemption date of August 5, 2017, which represents the earliest redemption date of the instrument.
 

17



The Company included deductions of $125,915 and $361,822 as adjustments to net loss attributable to common stockholders on the statement of operations and in determining loss per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, respectively.  This represents the accretion for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 of the transaction costs of $268,323, BCF of $1,951,266 and fair value allocated to the embedded derivatives of $170,337 recorded at the time of the issuance.  The Company also included deductions of $186,904 and $560,712 as adjustments to net loss attributable to common shareholders on the statement of operations and in determining loss per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, respectively, for accrued dividends on the redeemable convertible preferred stock during the period. The 2014 quarterly dividends were paid in cash in April 2014, July 2014 and October 2014.

(14) Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss 

The changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) income, net of tax, for the three months ended September 30, 2014 are as follows:
 
 
Foreign Currency
Translation
 
Net Unrealized
Gains on Marketable
Securities
 
Net Minimum
Pension Liability
 
Total
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at June 30, 2014
 
$
(1,832,375
)
 
$
4,028

 
$
(67,788
)
 
$
(1,896,135
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
 
183,858

 
(3,900
)
 
(3,986
)
 
175,972

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
 

 

 
3,232

 
3,232

Total other comprehensive (loss) income
 
183,858

 
(3,900
)
 
(754
)
 
179,204

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at September 30, 2014
 
$
(1,648,517
)
 
$
128

 
$
(68,542
)
 
$
(1,716,931
)

The changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income, net of tax, for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 are as follows:
 
 
Foreign Currency
Translation
 
Net Unrealized
Gains on Marketable
Securities
 
Net Minimum
Pension Liability
 
Total
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at December 31, 2013
 
$
(1,693,905
)
 
$
3,410

 
$
(71,892
)
 
$
(1,762,387
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
 
45,388

 
(3,282
)
 
(6,303
)
 
35,803

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
 

 

 
9,653

 
9,653

Total other comprehensive (loss) income
 
45,388

 
(3,282
)
 
3,350

 
45,456

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at September 30, 2014
 
$
(1,648,517
)
 
$
128

 
$
(68,542
)
 
$
(1,716,931
)


18



The changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income, net of tax, for the three months ended September 30, 2013 are as follows:
 
 
Foreign Currency
Translation
 
Net Unrealized
Gains on Marketable
Securities
 
Net Minimum
Pension Liability
 
Total
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at June 30, 2013
 
$
(1,586,348
)
 
$
4,760

 
$
(56,068
)
 
$
(1,637,656
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
 
(932
)
 
(1,961
)
 
829

 
(2,064
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
 

 
(346
)
 
2,136

 
1,790

Total other comprehensive (loss) income
 
(932
)
 
(2,307
)
 
2,965

 
(274
)
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at September 30, 2013
 
$
(1,587,280
)
 
$
2,453

 
$
(53,103
)
 
$
(1,637,930
)
 
The changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income, net of tax, for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 are as follows:
 
 
Foreign Currency
Translation
 
Net Unrealized
Gains on Marketable
Securities
 
Net Minimum
Pension Liability
 
Total
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at December 31, 2012
 
$
(1,601,138
)
 
$
6,210

 
$
(55,122
)
 
$
(1,650,050
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
 
13,858

 
(212
)
 
(4,388
)
 
9,258

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
 

 
(3,545
)
 
6,407

 
2,862

Total other comprehensive (loss) income
 
13,858

 
(3,757
)
 
2,019

 
12,120

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at September 30, 2013
 
$
(1,587,280
)
 
$
2,453

 
$
(53,103
)
 
$
(1,637,930
)

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, the amounts reclassified to net loss related to the Company’s defined benefit plan and sale of marketable securities. These amounts are included within “Operating loss” within the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
 
(15) Stockholders' Equity

Stock Repurchase Activity
 
At various times from October 2001 through February 2009, the Company’s Board of Directors has authorized the repurchase of up to 14 million shares of the Company’s outstanding common stock in the aggregate. The repurchases may be made from time to time in open market transactions in such amounts as determined at the discretion of the Company’s management. The terms of the stock repurchases are determined by management based on market conditions.
 
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, the Company did not repurchase any shares of its common stock. Since October 2001, the Company has repurchased a total of 8,005,235 shares of its common stock at an aggregate purchase price of $46,916,339. As of September 30, 2014, the Company had the authorization to repurchase 5,994,765 shares of its common stock based upon its judgment and market conditions. The Company is required to get approval from the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stockholders prior to repurchasing its common stock.


19



On June 12, 2014, the Company entered into an agreement to settle the action it filed against the Estate of ReiJane Huai (the “Estate”) in Surrogates Court, Nassau County, State of New York. Mr. Huai was the former Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company. Effective June 27, 2014, pursuant to the settlement agreement, the Estate transferred 3,132,141 shares of FalconStor common stock to the Company. The Company has recorded these shares within treasury and recorded a gain of $5,293,319 within "Investigation, litigation, and settlement related costs" in the condensed consolidated statement of operations based upon the closing price of the Company's stock price on June 26, 2014 of $1.69 per share.

(16)  Litigation
 
In view of the inherent difficulty of predicting the outcome of litigation, particularly where the claimants seek very large or indeterminate damages, the Company generally cannot predict what the eventual outcome of the pending matters will be, what the timing of the ultimate resolution of these matters will be, or what the eventual loss, fines or penalties related to each pending matter may be.
 
In accordance with the authoritative guidance issued by the FASB on contingencies, the Company accrues anticipated costs of settlement, damages and losses for claims to the extent specific losses are probable and estimable. The Company records a receivable for insurance recoveries when such amounts are probable and collectable.  In such cases, there may be an exposure to loss in excess of any amounts accrued.  If, at the time of evaluation, the loss contingency related to a litigation  is not both probable and estimable, the matter will continue to be monitored for further developments that would make such loss contingency both probable and estimable and, the Company will expense these costs as incurred. If the estimate of a probable loss is a range and no amount within the range is more likely, the Company will accrue the minimum amount of the range.

Stockholder Litigation
 
Company stockholders filed actions in the Suffolk County Division of the Supreme Court of the State of New York, putatively derivatively on behalf of the Company, against the Company, each of the Company’s Directors, Mr. Weber, the former Chief Financial Officer and Vice President of Operations of the Company, Wayne Lam, a former Vice president of the Company, the estate of Mr. Huai, the former Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, and Jason Lin, a former employee of the Company (the “Derivative Action”). The consolidated amended Derivative Action complaint alleged that the defendants breached their duties to the Company by: (1) causing or allowing the dissemination of false and misleading information; (2) failing to maintain internal controls; (3) failing to manage the Company properly; (4) unjustly enriching themselves; (5) abusing their control of the Company; and (6) wasting Company assets.

On March 5, 2013, the Suffolk County Division of the Supreme Court of the State of New York granted a motion made by all of the defendants in the Derivative Action, except Mr. Lin, and dismissed the Derivative Action as to all defendants other than Mr. Lin. The stockholders have appealed the dismissal of the Derivative Action. All documents relating to the appeal have been filed with the court and the parties are awaiting a date for oral argument. The Company cannot predict when the appeal will be resolved or the ultimate outcome of the matter. Certain of the defendants may be entitled to indemnification by the Company under the laws of Delaware and/or the Company’s by-laws.

 The Company has insurance policies that were purchased to cover, among other things, lawsuits like the Derivative Action and a class action lawsuit that has been settled by the Company (the "Class Action"). The Company’s Directors and Officers (“D&O”) Insurance, is composed of more than one layer, with each layer written by a different insurance company. However, the events that gave rise to the claims in the Derivative Action and the Class Action caused the Company’s insurers to reserve their rights to disclaim, rescind, or otherwise not be obligated to provide coverage to the Company and certain other insureds under the policies. In light of these uncertainties, the Company entered into settlements with two of its insurers. Pursuant to these settlements, the Company will not receive repayment of all amounts it might otherwise have received.

In October 2012 the Company entered into an agreement with the carrier of the first $5.0 million layer of the Company’s D&O insurance. Pursuant to this agreement, the Company accepted a payment of $3.9 million from the first layer insurance carrier in satisfaction of the carrier’s obligations to the Company under the first layer D&O insurance policy.
 
Because the carrier of the next layer of insurance would not be obligated to make payment to the Company until the full $5.0 million first layer limit had been exhausted, this means that the Company was responsible for $1.1 million out of pocket before it could again seek reimbursement from its insurers. The Company accrued for the $1.1 million during 2012.

On July 31, 2013 the Company entered into an agreement with the carrier of the second $5.0 million layer of the Company’s D&O insurance. Pursuant to the agreement, the insurer agreed to pay seventy five percent (75%) of the Company’s losses attributable to the Class Action and the Derivative Action above the first $5.25 million of such losses.

20




While, at present, the Company does not believe that the amounts it will pay in connection with the Class Action and the Derivative Action will exceed the limits of the first two layers of its coverage, there can be no assurance that if the Company seeks recovery from the additional layers, the recovery the Company makes on the remainder of its insurance will be adequate to cover the costs of its defense or settlement of the Derivative Action, or any damages that might ultimately be awarded against the Company or anyone to whom the Company might owe indemnification if the appeal is successful.

The Company’s remaining insurers may deny coverage under the policies. If the plaintiffs are awarded damages and the Company’s insurance is not adequate to cover the amounts, or its insurers deny coverage, the amounts to be paid by the Company could have a significant negative impact on its financial results, cash flow and cash balances.
 
Since October 1, 2012, the Company has recorded $7.3 million of total costs associated with the Class Action and the Derivative Actions. As a result of the agreement reached with the insurer carriers of the Company’s D&O insurance, the Company recorded insurance recoveries of $5.4 million since October 1, 2012 of which $5.3 million have been reimbursed by the Company's insurance carriers and the remaining $0.1 million is recorded as a receivable in “prepaid expenses and other current assets” in the consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2014.

The Estate of ReiJane Huai

On June 12, 2014, the Company entered into an agreement to settle the action it filed against the Estate of ReiJane Huai (the “Estate”) in Surrogates Court, Nassau County, State of New York. Mr. Huai was the former Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company. The Company believes that prior to entering into the settlement agreement, the Estate owned more than 10% of the voting stock of the Company.
Effective June 27, 2014, pursuant to the settlement agreement, the Estate transferred 3,132,141 shares of the Company's common stock to the Company. The Company has recorded these shares within treasury. On July 16, 2014, in accordance with the settlement agreement, the Company’s action against the Estate was voluntarily discontinued. The settlement agreement also contained various other terms and conditions. Among the other terms of the agreement were the following:

The Company agreed to register for resale, by the Estate, the remaining shares of the Company's common stock formerly registered in the name of Mr. Huai.
The Company has a right of first refusal to purchase the remaining shares of the Company's common stock held by the Estate if the Estate proposes to dispose of such shares in any private transactions.
Any shares of FalconStor stock held by the Estate are subject to a five-year voting agreement that requires the Estate to vote the shares in accordance with the recommendations of the Company’s Board of Directors.

In September 2014, the Estate informed the Company that it had an agreement for the sale of 600,000 shares of the Company's common stock in a private transaction. In accordance with its rights under the Settlement Agreement, the Company assigned its right of first refusal to purchase those shares to an unrelated third party.

 During the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, the Company recorded a benefit of $22,502 and an expense of $99,316, respectively, of investigation, litigation and settlement related legal costs, net of expected recoveries, related to expenses related to the Class Action and Derivative Action lawsuits, the Estate settlement and other settlement related activities that are not recoverable through insurance. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, the Company recorded a benefit of $5.2 million and expense of $0.3 million, respectively, of investigation, litigation and settlement related legal costs, net of expected recoveries, related to expenses related to the Class Action and Derivative Action lawsuits, the Estate settlement and other settlement related activities that are not recoverable through insurance. 

 Other Claims
 
The Company is subject to various legal proceedings and claims, asserted or unasserted, which arise in the ordinary course of business. While the outcome of any such matters cannot be predicted with certainty, such matters are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or operating results.
 
The Company continues to assess certain litigation and claims to determine the amounts, if any, that the Company believes may be paid as a result of such claims and litigation and, therefore, additional losses may be accrued and paid in the future, which could materially adversely impact the Company’s financial results, its cash flows and its cash reserves.
 

21



(17) Segment Reporting
 
The Company is organized in a single operating segment for purposes of making operating decisions and assessing performance. Revenues from the United States to customers in the following geographical areas for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, and the location of long-lived assets as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, are summarized as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,

 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Americas
 
$
3,814,197

 
$
5,973,198

 
$
12,693,541

 
$
17,604,779

Asia Pacific
 
3,537,043

 
3,983,078

 
10,676,928

 
13,094,120

Europe, Middle East, Africa and Other
 
3,824,200

 
4,773,762

 
11,109,137

 
13,290,095

Total Revenues
 
$
11,175,440

 
$
14,730,038

 
$
34,479,606

 
$
43,988,994

 

 
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Long-lived assets:
 
 
 
 
Americas
 
$
8,500,093

 
$
9,447,517

Asia Pacific
 
871,942

 
982,685

Europe, Middle East, Africa and Other
 
262,780

 
612,058

Total long-lived assets
 
$
9,634,815

 
$
11,042,260

 
For the three months ended September 30, 2014 the Company did not have any customers that accounted for 10% or more of total revenues. For the three months ended September 30, 2013 the Company had one customer that accounted for 10% or more of total revenues.  As of September 30, 2014, the Company had one customer that accounted for 20% of the accounts receivable balance. As of December 31, 2013, the Company had one customer that accounted for 12% of the accounts receivable balance.
 
Due to cash collections of previously reserved accounts receivable balances, the Company recorded benefits of $45,308 and $12,448 during the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and $68,838 and $118,671 during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. These amounts are included within revenues in the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of operations.

(18) Restructuring Costs
 
From time to time, the Company has undertaken restructuring and expense control measures to support its business performance and to align the Company’s cost structure with its resources. In the third quarter of 2013, the Company adopted the 2013 Plan to better align the Company’s cost structure with the skills and resources required to more effectively execute the Company’s long-term growth strategy and to support revenue levels the Company expects to achieve on a go forward basis.  In connection with the 2013 Plan, the Company eliminated over 100 positions worldwide, implemented tighter expense controls, ceased non-core activities and closed or downsized several facilities.  The 2013 Plan is expected to be completed by December 31, 2014, except for certain payments under the 2013 Plan that are expected to be paid through the first six months of 2015. There can be no assurance that all payments will be completed by that time. The following table summarizes the activity related to restructuring liabilities recorded in connection with the Company's 2013 Plan:

22



 
 
Severance related costs
 
Facility and other costs
 
Total
Original charge
 
$
3,179,131

 
$
426,889

 
$
3,606,020

Utilized/Paid
 
(2,067,554
)
 
(231,973
)
 
(2,299,527
)
Balance at December 31, 2013
 
$
1,111,577

 
$
194,916

 
$
1,306,493

Provisions/Additions
 
59,279

 
164,294

 
223,573

Utilized/Paid
 
(450,650
)
 
(104,866
)
 
(555,516
)
Balance at March 31, 2014
 
$
720,206

 
$
254,344

 
$
974,550

Provisions/Additions
 
147,525

 
415,388

 
562,913

Utilized/Paid
 
(52,170
)
 
(240,046
)
 
(292,216
)
Balance at June 30, 2014
 
$
815,561

 
$
429,686

 
$
1,245,247

Provisions/Additions
 
91,451

 
167,627

 
259,078

Utilized/Paid
 
(36,513
)
 
(333,968
)
 
(370,481
)
Balance at September 30, 2014
 
$
870,499

 
$
263,345

 
$
1,133,844

 
  
Included in facility and other costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, is a charge of $115,406 and $213,415, respectively, related to the write-off of property and equipment that were no longer in use due to the closure of two of the Company's foreign facilities. Included in facility and other costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, is a charge of $25,289 and $25,289, respectively, related to the write-off of property and equipment that were no longer in use due to the closure of one of the Company's foreign facilities. The severance related liabilities and facility and other liabilities are included within “accrued expenses” and "accounts payable" in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. The expenses under the 2013 Plan are included within “restructuring costs” in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.


23



Item 2.     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of predictive, future-tense or forward-looking terminology, such as “believes,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “estimates,” “plans,” “may,” “intends,” “will,” or similar terms.  Investors are cautioned that any forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve significant risks and uncertainties, and that actual results may differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. The following discussion should be read together with the consolidated financial statements and notes to those financial statements included elsewhere in this report.
 
OVERVIEW
 
2014 continues to be a transition year for the Company. Sales of our legacy products continued to decline in the third quarter. Bookings in our Americas were particularly weak compared to our expectations. We hope to reverse these declines in 2015 when we release our new products and ramp up new go-to-market strategies. 

Total revenues for the third quarter of 2014 were $11.2 million compared with $14.7 million in the same period a year ago. Net operating loss for the third quarter of 2014 was $2.6 million, compared with an operating loss of $4.2 million for the third quarter of 2013. Included in the operating results for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 were; (i) a benefit of less than $0.1 million and an expense of $0.1 million, respectively, of investigation, litigation and settlement related costs; (ii) $0.4 million and $0.2 million, respectively, of share-based compensation expense; and (iii) $0.3 million and $2.3 million, respectively, of restructuring costs. Net loss for the quarter was $3.2 million, compared with a net loss of $2.2 million for the same period a year ago. Included in our net loss for the three months ended September 30, 2014 was an income tax provision of $0.2 million, compared with an income tax benefit of $1.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013.

Product revenues from our OEM partners increased $0.3 million, while product revenues from our non-OEM partners decreased $3.0 million in the third quarter of 2014 compared with the same period in 2013. Our current OEM revenue is primarily attributable to our largest OEM partner in China. While we anticipate that this company will continue to be a significant partner, we still expect that our FalconStor-branded solutions will be the main driver of future revenue generation.

Support and services revenue decreased from $8.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013 to $7.2 million for the same period in 2014. The decline in maintenance and technical support services revenue was primarily attributable to the continued wind-down in maintenance revenue from certain legacy OEM partners and a decrease in maintenance revenue from our non-OEM channel business in the Americas. In addition, our professional services revenues, which are also included in our support and services revenue decreased $0.3 million to $0.3 million during the third quarter of 2014 compared to the same period in 2013.

We closed the quarter with $26.6 million in cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. Cash flow used in operations for the three months ended September 30, 2014 was $1.5 million compared with cash used in operations of $0.7 million during the same period in 2013. However, cash used in operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was less than $0.1 million as compared with cash used in operations of $7.5 million for the same period in 2013. Deferred revenue at September 30, 2014 was $34.0 million, compared with $29.8 million at December 31, 2013.
 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS – FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 COMPARED WITH THE THREE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2013.
 
Our primary sales focus is on selling software solutions and platforms which includes stand-alone software applications and software integrated with industry standard hardware and sold as one complete integrated solution. As a result, our revenue is classified as either: (i) product revenue, or (ii) support and services revenue. Product revenue consists of both integrated solutions and stand-alone software revenues. Support and services revenues consists of both maintenance revenues and professional services revenues.

24



 
Total revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2014 decreased 24% to $11.2 million, compared with $14.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013. Our cost of revenues decreased 31% to $2.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014, compared with $3.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013. Our operating expenses decreased 26% from $15.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013 to $11.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014. Included in the operating results for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 were; (i) a benefit of less than $0.1 million and an expense of $0.1 million, respectively, of investigation, litigation and settlement related costs; (ii) $0.4 million and $0.2 million, respectively, of share-based compensation expense; and (iii) $0.3 million and $2.3 million, respectively, of restructuring costs. Net loss for the three months ended September 30, 2014 was $3.2 million, compared with a net loss of $2.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013. Included in our net loss for the three months ended September 30, 2014 was an income tax provision of $0.2 million, compared with an income tax benefit of $1.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013. Net income attributable to common stockholders, which includes the effects of preferred stock dividends and accretion of the discounts related to the issuance of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, was $3.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014, compared with $2.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013.

Overall, our total operating expenses decreased $4.0 million, or 26%, to $11.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014, compared with $15.1 million for the same period in 2013. This decrease was primarily attributable to our restructuring efforts and to tighter expense controls which we commenced during the third quarter of 2013 to better align our current business plan on a run-rate basis, which included among other items, a decrease in salary and personnel costs and the closure or downsizing of certain foreign offices based on our redesigned go-to-market coverage model. We will continue to evaluate the appropriate headcount levels to properly align our resources with our current and long-term outlook and to take actions in areas of the Company that are not performing. Our worldwide headcount was 273 employees as of September 30, 2014, compared with 319 employees as of September 30, 2013.

Revenues 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2014
 
2013
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
Product revenue
 
$
3,940,479

 
$
6,584,876

Support and services revenue
 
7,234,961

 
8,145,162

Total Revenues
 
$
11,175,440

 
$
14,730,038

Year-over-year percentage change
 
 

 
 

Product revenue
 
(40)%
 
(23)%
Support and services revenue
 
(11)%
 
(5)%
Total percentage change
 
(24)%
 
(14)%

Product revenue
 
Product revenue is comprised of sales of both licenses for our software solutions and sales of the platforms on which the software is installed. This includes stand-alone software applications and software integrated with industry standard hardware and sold as one complete integrated solution. The products are sold through our OEMs, and through (i) value-added resellers, (ii) distributors, and/or (iii) directly to end-users (collectively “non-OEMs”). These revenues are recognized when all the applicable criteria under Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States are met. Product revenue decreased 40% from $6.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013, to $3.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014. These amounts are net of a sales return expense of less than $0.1 million recognized during both the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013. Product revenue represented 35% and 45% of our total revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.


25



Product revenues from our OEM partners increased $0.3 million, while product revenues from our non-OEM partners decreased $3.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014, compared with the same period in 2013. The decline in product revenue from our non-OEM channel was primarily due to (i) a decrease in the volume of new product license sales, both for expansion of our existing installed base and in the acquisition of new customers, and (ii) the timing of deals closing and elongated sales cycles associated with the more significant transactions, across all of our regions, compared with the same period in 2013. The increase in OEM product revenues was primarily the result of an increase in sales volume from one of our largest OEM partners in China. Product revenue from our non-OEM channel represented 83% and 94% of our total product revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Product revenue from our OEM partners represented 17% and 6% of our total product revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

We continue to invest in our product portfolio by refreshing our existing product lines and developing our next generation of innovative product offerings to drive our sales volume in support of our long-term outlook.

Support and services revenue

Support and services revenue is comprised of revenue from (i) maintenance and technical support services, (ii) professional services primarily related to the implementation of our software, and (iii) engineering services. Revenues derived from maintenance and technical support contracts are deferred and recognized ratably over the contractual maintenance term. Professional services revenue is recognized in the period that the related services are performed or over the contractual term if VSOE does not exist for all undelivered elements. Engineering services are recognized upon customer acceptance or over the remaining contract term if VSOE does not exist for remaining deliverables upon acceptance.  Support and services revenue decreased 11% from $8.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013 to $7.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014. The decrease in support and services revenue was attributable to a decrease in both maintenance and technical support services revenue and professional services revenue.

Maintenance and technical support services revenue decreased from $7.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013 to $6.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014. Our maintenance and technical support service revenue results primarily from (i) the purchase of maintenance and support contracts by our customers, and (ii) the renewal of maintenance and support contracts by our existing and new customers after their initial contracts expire. During the three months ended September 30, 2014, the decline in maintenance and technical support services revenue was primarily attributable to the continued wind-down in maintenance revenue from certain legacy OEM partners of $0.4 million and a decrease in maintenance revenue from our non-OEM channel business in the Americas.
 
Professional services revenues decreased $0.3 million, to $0.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014, compared with $0.6 million for the same period in 2013. Professional services revenue varies from period to period based upon (i) the number of solutions sold during the existing and previous periods, (ii) the number of our customers who elect to purchase professional services, (iii) the number of professional services contracts that are performed during the period, and (iv) the number of customers who elect to purchase engineering services. We expect professional services revenues to continue to vary from period to period based upon the number of customers who elect to utilize our professional services upon purchasing any of our solutions.
 
Cost of Revenues 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2014
 
2013
Cost of revenues:
 
 
 
 
Product
 
$
834,628

 
$
1,202,489

Support and service
 
1,757,716

 
2,566,471

Total cost of revenues
 
$
2,592,344

 
$
3,768,960

Total Gross Profit
 
$
8,583,096

 
$
10,961,078

Gross Margin:
 
 

 
 

Product
 
79%
 
82%
Support and service
 
76%
 
68%
Total gross margin
 
77%
 
74%


26



 Cost of revenues, gross profit and gross margin
 
Cost of product revenue consists primarily of industry standard hardware we purchase and integrate with our software for turn-key integrated solutions, personnel costs, amortization of capitalized software and shipping and logistics costs. Cost of support and service consists primarily of personnel and other costs associated with providing software implementations, technical support under maintenance contracts and training.

Cost of product revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2014 decreased $0.4 million, or 31%, to $0.8 million, compared with $1.2 million for the same period in 2013. Product gross margin decreased to 79% for the three months ended September 30, 2014, compared with 82% for the same period in 2013. The decrease in product gross margin was primarily attributable to a decrease in the percentage of our product revenue from sales of our stand-alone software applications, which have higher gross margins than sales of our fully integrated solutions with hardware appliances, compared with the same period in 2013. Our cost of support and service revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2014 decreased $0.8 million, or 32%, to $1.8 million, compared with $2.6 million for the same period in 2013. Support and service gross margin increased to 76% for the three months ended September 30, 2014 from 68% for the same period in 2013. The increase in support and service gross margin was primarily attributable to the streamlining of our support functions globally as part of the rebalancing efforts that commenced in the third quarter of 2013 which resulted in a decrease in personnel and facility costs.
 
Total gross profit decreased $2.4 million, or 22%, to $8.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 from $11.0 million for the same period in 2013. Total gross margin increased to 77% for the three months ended September 30, 2014, from 74% for the same period in 2013. While our total gross profit decreased for the three months ended September 30, 2014, compared with the same period in 2013, we improved our gross margin because we reduced our expense structure. Generally, our total gross profits and total gross margins fluctuate based on several factors, including (i) revenue growth levels, (ii) changes in personnel headcount and related costs, and (iii) our product offerings and mix of sales.

Operating Expenses
 
Research and Development Costs
 
Research and development costs consist primarily of personnel costs for product development, share-based compensation expense, and other related costs associated with the development of new products, enhancements to existing products, quality assurance and testing. Research and development costs decreased $0.7 million, or 18%, to $3.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014, from $3.6 million in the same period in 2013. The decrease in research and development costs was primarily the result of a decline in personnel related costs due to the reduction in headcount as we discontinued the development efforts on our small-to-medium business product line and re-focused our engineering efforts on our core enterprise class solutions as part of the rebalancing efforts that commenced in the third quarter of 2013. This decrease was partly offset by a decrease of $0.5 million in capitalized research and development costs for the three months ended September 30, 2014 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2013. We believe we continue to provide adequate levels of resources in support of our research and development activities to continue to enhance and to test our core products and in the development of new innovative products, features and options. Share-based compensation expense included in research and development costs was $0.1 million for each of the three months ended September 30, 2014 and September 30, 2013.
 
Selling and Marketing
 
Selling and marketing expenses consist primarily of sales and marketing personnel and related costs, share-based compensation expense, travel, public relations expense, marketing literature and promotions, commissions, trade show expenses, and the costs associated with our foreign sales offices. Selling and marketing expenses decreased $0.3 million, or 5%, to $5.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014, from $6.1 million for the same period in 2013. The decrease in selling and marketing expenses was primarily attributable to a decrease in personnel costs as a result of lower sales and marketing headcount as we closed or downsized several of our foreign office locations during the second half of 2013.  In those geographic regions where we closed our physical locations, we now service our customers through our partners or other regional locations in order to be more cost effective. These decreases were partly offset by an increase in marketing and advertising costs associated with our new brand awareness campaigns and investments in new verticals. Share-based compensation expense included in selling and marketing was $0.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 compared with a benefit of $0.1 million for the same period in 2013.
 

27



General and Administrative
 
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of personnel costs of general and administrative functions, share-based compensation expense, public company related costs, directors’ and officers’ insurance, legal and professional fees, bad debt expense, and other general corporate overhead costs. General and administrative expenses decreased $0.9 million, or 29%, to $2.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014, compared with $3.0 million for the same period in 2013. The decrease in general and administrative expenses was primarily due to a decrease in personnel related costs as a result of streamlining our consolidation and reporting process through the implementation of a global ERP system, a decrease in overall general and administrative expenses as a result of the rebalancing efforts that commenced in the third quarter of 2013 and the continued reduction of non-essential general and administrative expenses. Share-based compensation expense included in general and administrative expenses was $0.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 compared with $0.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013.

Investigation, Litigation and Settlement Related Costs
 
During the three months ended September 30, 2014, our investigation, litigation, and settlement related costs totaled a benefit of less than $0.1 million. During the three months ended September 30, 2013, our investigation, litigation, and settlement related costs totaled $0.1 million. For further information, refer to Note (16) Litigation, to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

Restructuring costs
 
From time to time, we have undertaken restructuring and expense control measures to support our business performance and to align our cost structure with our resources. In the third quarter of 2013, we adopted a restructuring plan intended to better align our cost structure with the skills and resources required to more effectively execute our long-term growth strategy and to support revenue levels we expect to achieve on a go forward basis.  In connection with the 2013 Plan, we eliminated over 100 positions worldwide, implemented tighter expense controls, ceased non-core activities and closed or downsized several facilities.  Restructuring costs incurred during the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, under the 2013 Plan were $0.3 million and $2.3 million, respectively. For further information, refer to Note (18) Restructuring Costs, to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
Interest and Other Loss, net
 
We invest our cash primarily in money market funds, commercial paper, government securities, and corporate bonds. As of September 30, 2014, our cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities totaled $26.6 million, compared with $29.5 million as of September 30, 2013. Interest and other loss, net, increased $0.5 million to $0.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 compared with less than $0.1 million for the same period in 2013. The change in interest and other loss, net, was primarily due to a foreign currency loss of $0.5 million during the three months ended September 30, 2014, compared with a foreign currency loss of less than $0.1 million for the same period in 2013.

Income Taxes
 
Our provision for income taxes consists of federal, state and local, and foreign taxes. For the three months ended September 30, 2014, the Company recorded an income tax provision of $0.2 million, consisting primarily of state and local and foreign taxes.  For the three months ended September 30, 2013, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $1.9 million, consisting primarily of a $2.1 million reversal of unrecognized tax benefits due to the expiration of applicable statues of limitations partly offset by state and local and foreign taxes. Our domestic deferred tax assets are not realizable on a more-likely-than-not basis and, therefore, we have recorded a full valuation allowance against our domestic deferred tax assets. During the three months ended September 30, 2014, our conclusion did not change with respect to our domestic deferred tax assets and therefore, we have not recorded any benefit for our expected net domestic deferred tax assets for the full year 2014 estimated annual effective tax rate.


28



RESULTS OF OPERATIONS – FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 COMPARED WITH THE NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2013.
 
Total revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 decreased 22% to $34.5 million, compared with $44.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. Our cost of revenues decreased 33% to $8.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared with $11.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. Our operating expenses decreased 32% from $44.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 to $30.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. Included in the operating results for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 were; (i) a benefit of $5.2 million and an expense of $0.3 million, respectively, of investigation, litigation and settlement related costs; (ii) $1.2 million and $1.3 million, respectively, of share-based compensation expense; and (iii) $1.0 million and $2.3 million, respectively, of restructuring costs. Net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $4.7 million, compared with a net loss of $11.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. Included in our net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was an income tax provision of $0.5 million, compared with an income tax benefit of $1.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013. Net loss attributable to common stockholders, which includes the effects of preferred stock dividends and accretion of the discounts related to the issuance of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, was $5.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared with $11.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013.

Overall, our total operating expenses decreased $14.4 million, or 32%, to $30.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared with $44.7 million for the same period in 2013. Excluding the gain of $5.3 million recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 related to the settlement of the Estate litigation, our total operating expenses decreased $9.1 million, or 20%. This decrease was primarily attributable to our restructuring efforts and to tighter expense controls which we commenced during the third quarter of 2013 to better align our current business plan on a run-rate basis, which included among other items, a decrease in salary and personnel costs and the closure or downsizing of certain foreign offices based on our redesigned go-to-market coverage model. We will continue to evaluate the appropriate headcount levels to properly align our resources with our current and long-term outlook and to take actions in areas of the Company that are not performing. Our worldwide headcount was 273 employees as of September 30, 2014, compared with 319 employees as of September 30, 2013.

Revenues 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2014
 
2013
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
Product revenue
 
$
13,156,024

 
$
20,886,761

Support and services revenue
 
21,323,582

 
23,102,233

Total Revenues
 
$
34,479,606

 
$
43,988,994

Year-over-year percentage change
 
 

 
 

Product revenue
 
(37)%
 
(23)%
Support and services revenue
 
(8)%
 
(11)%
Total percentage change
 
(22)%
 
(17)%

Product revenue
 
Product revenue decreased 37% from $20.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013, to $13.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. These amounts are net of sales return benefits of $0.1 million recognized during both the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, resulting from the impact of our collection efforts of previously reserved accounts receivable. Product revenue represented 38% and 47% of our total revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.


29



Product revenues from our OEM partners increased $1.9 million, while product revenues from our non-OEM partners decreased $9.5 million, for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared with the same period in 2013. The decline in product revenue from our non-OEM channel was primarily due to (i) a decrease in the volume of new product licenses sales, both for expansion of our existing installed base and in the acquisition of new customers, and (ii) the timing of deals closing and elongated sales cycles associated with the more significant transactions, across all of our regions, compared with the same period in 2013. In addition, commencing in 2014, we began to offer revenue arrangements that provide our customers with more flexibility in licensing and payment structures, which resulted in product revenue from some deals being recognized ratably over the term of the associated maintenance agreement, rather than upon transaction completion and product delivery as with our standard model. We anticipate that as we continue to focus on bookings achievements, our revenue recognized each quarter may lag behind our bookings for the near-term. The increase in OEM product revenues was primarily the result of an increase in sales volume from one of our largest OEM partners in China. Product revenue from our non-OEM channel represented 81% and 97% of our total product revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Product revenue from our OEM partners represented 19% and 3% of our total product revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

We continue to invest in our product portfolio by refreshing our existing product lines and developing our next generation of innovative product offerings to drive our sales volume in support of our long-term outlook.

Support and services revenue

Support and services revenue decreased 8% from $23.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 to $21.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. The decrease in support and services revenue was attributable to decreases in both maintenance and technical support services revenue and professional services revenue.

Maintenance and technical support services revenue decreased from $21.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 to $20.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. Our maintenance and technical support service revenue result primarily from (i) the purchase of maintenance and support contracts by our customers, and (ii) the renewal of maintenance and support contracts by our existing and new customers after their initial contracts expire. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the decline in maintenance and technical support services revenue was primarily attributable to the continued wind-down in maintenance revenue from certain legacy OEM partners of $1.1 million and, to a lesser degree, competitive pricing on products and maintenance in the current environments.
 
Professional services revenues decreased from $1.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 to $1.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. Professional services revenue varies from period to period based upon (i) the number of solutions sold during the existing and previous periods, (ii) the number of our customers who elect to purchase professional services, (iii) the number of professional services contracts that are performed during the period, and (iv) the number of customers who elect to purchase engineering services and the timing of acceptance from the customer. We expect professional services revenues to continue to vary from period to period based upon the number of customers who elect to utilize our professional services upon purchasing any of our solutions.
 
Cost of Revenues 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2014
 
2013
Cost of revenues:
 
 
 
 
Product
 
$
2,107,974

 
$
3,465,245

Support and service
 
5,866,408

 
8,436,866

Total cost of revenues
 
$
7,974,382

 
$
11,902,111

Total Gross Profit
 
$
26,505,224

 
$
32,086,883

Gross Margin:
 
 

 
 

Product
 
84%
 
83%
Support and service
 
72%
 
63%
Total gross margin
 
77%
 
73%


30



 Cost of revenues, gross profit and gross margin
 
Cost of product revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 decreased $1.4 million, or 39%, to $2.1 million, compared with $3.5 million for the same period in 2013. Product gross margin increased to 84% for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared with 83% for the same period in 2013. The increase in product gross margin was primarily attributable to an increase in the percentage of our product revenue from sales of our stand-alone software applications, which have higher gross margins than sales of our fully integrated solutions with hardware appliances, compared with the same period in 2013. Our cost of support and service revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 decreased $2.6 million, or 30%, to $5.9 million, compared with $8.4 million for the same period in 2013. Support and service gross margin increased to 72% for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 from 63% for the same period in 2013. The increase in support and service gross margin was primarily attributable to the streamlining of our support functions globally as part of the rebalancing efforts that commenced in the third quarter of 2013 which resulted in a decrease in personnel and facility costs.
 
Total gross profit decreased $5.6 million, or 17%, to $26.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 from $32.1 million for the same period in 2013. Total gross margin increased to 77% for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, from 73% for the same period in 2013. While our total gross profit decreased for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared with the same period in 2013, we improved our gross margin because we reduced our expense structure and we had a higher percentage of our product revenue from sales of our stand-alone software applications, which have higher gross margins than sales of our fully integrated solutions, compared with the same period in 2013. Generally, our total gross profits and total gross margins fluctuate based on several factors, including (i) revenue growth levels, (ii) changes in personnel headcount and related costs, and (iii) our product offerings and mix of sales.

Operating Expenses
 
Research and Development Costs
 
Research and development costs decreased $3.2 million, or 25%, to $9.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, from $12.7 million in the same period in 2013. The decrease in research and development costs was primarily the result of a decline in personnel related costs due to the reduction in headcount as we discontinued the development efforts on our small-to-medium business product line and re-focused our engineering efforts on our core enterprise class solutions as part of the rebalancing efforts that commenced in the third quarter of 2013. This decrease was partly offset by a decrease of $0.7 million in capitalized research and development costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2013. We believe we continue to provide adequate levels of resources in support of our research and development activities to continue to enhance and to test our core products and in the development of new innovative products, features and options. Share-based compensation expense included in research and development costs was $0.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared with $0.3 million for the same period in 2013.
 
Selling and Marketing
 
Selling and marketing expenses decreased $1.8 million, or 9%, to $18.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, from $19.8 million for the same period in 2013. The decrease in selling and marketing expenses was primarily attributable to a decrease in personnel costs as a result of lower sales and marketing headcount as we closed or downsized several of our foreign office locations during the second half of 2013. In those geographic regions where we closed our physical locations, we now service our customers through our partners or other regional locations in order to be more cost effective. These decreases were partly offset by an increase in marketing and advertising costs associated with our new brand awareness campaigns and investments in new verticals. Share-based compensation expense included in selling and marketing was $0.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared with $0.2 million for the same period in 2013.
 
General and Administrative
 
General and administrative expenses decreased $2.7 million, or 28%, to $6.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared with $9.6 million for the same period in 2013. The decrease in general and administrative expenses was primarily due to a decrease in personnel related costs as a result of streamlining our consolidation and reporting process through the implementation of a global ERP system, a decrease in overall general and administrative expenses as a result of the rebalancing efforts that commenced in the third quarter of 2013 and the continued reduction of non-essential general and administrative expenses. Share-based compensation expense included in general and administrative expenses was $0.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared with $0.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013.


31



Investigation, Litigation and Settlement Related Costs
 
During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, our investigation, litigation, and settlement related costs totaled a benefit of $5.2 million related to a gain of $5.3 million recorded for the settlement of the Estate litigation, partly offset by legal expenses related to the class action and derivative lawsuits, and legal fees associated with other settlement related activities. During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, our investigation, litigation, and settlement related costs totaled $0.3 million, which was comprised of $0.5 million of legal expenses related to the class action and derivative lawsuits partially offset by $0.2 million of insurance recoveries. For further information, refer to Note (16) Litigation, to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

Restructuring costs
 
From time to time, we have undertaken restructuring and expense control measures to support our business performance and to align our cost structure with our resources. In the third quarter of 2013, we adopted a restructuring plan intended to better align our cost structure with the skills and resources required to more effectively execute our long-term growth strategy and to support revenue levels we expect to achieve on a go forward basis.  In connection with the 2013 Plan, we eliminated over 100 positions worldwide, implemented tighter expense controls, ceased non-core activities and closed or downsized several facilities. Restructuring costs incurred during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, under the 2013 Plan, were $1.0 million and $2.3 million, respectively. For further information, refer to Note (18) Restructuring Costs, to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
Interest and Other Loss, net
 
We invest our cash primarily in money market funds, commercial paper, government securities, and corporate bonds. As of September 30, 2014, our cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities totaled $26.6 million, compared with $29.5 million as of September 30, 2013. Interest and other loss, net, decreased $0.3 million to $0.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared with $0.8 million for the same period in 2013. The change in interest and other loss, net, was primarily due to a foreign currency loss of $0.5 million recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared with a foreign currency loss of $0.8 million for the same period in 2013.

Income Taxes
 
Our provision for income taxes consists of federal, state and local, and foreign taxes. For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company recorded an income tax provision of $0.5 million, consisting primarily of state and local and foreign taxes.  For the nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $1.6 million, consisting primarily of a $2.1 million reversal of unrecognized tax benefits due to the expiration of applicable statutes of limitations partly offset by state and local and foreign taxes. Our domestic deferred tax assets are not realizable on a more-likely-than-not basis and, therefore, we have recorded a full valuation allowance against our domestic deferred tax assets. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, our conclusion did not change with respect to our domestic deferred tax assets and therefore, we have not recorded any benefit for our expected net domestic deferred tax assets for the full year 2014 estimated annual effective tax rate.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2014