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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE INCex322-q32016.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE INCex321-q32016.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE INCex312-q32016.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE INCex311-q32016.htm
EX-10.3 - EXHIBIT 10.3 - FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE INCex103-q32016.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)

ý QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2016
or 
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                                 to                                
Commission File Number:  000-23970
FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
DELAWARE
77-0216135
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
2 Huntington Quadrangle
Melville, New York
11747
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
 
631-777-5188
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
 
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes ý  No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý  No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):
Large accelerated filer o
Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o No ý
 
The number of shares of Common Stock outstanding as of October 31, 2016 was 43,650,930.




FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
FORM 10-Q
INDEX
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2



PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
 
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
5,643,610

 
$
6,013,382

Marketable securities
 
500,040

 
7,420,042

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $199,853 and $191,285, respectively
 
3,253,257

 
6,635,262

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
1,357,254

 
1,742,668

Inventory
 
6,181

 
70,534

Deferred tax assets, net
 
533,589

 
205,816

Total current assets
 
11,293,931

 
22,087,704

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $18,536,559 and $17,947,675, respectively
 
1,129,565

 
1,565,932

Deferred tax assets, net
 
128,990

 
110,060

Software development costs, net
 
636,799

 
1,116,816

Other assets
 
1,037,763

 
1,139,377

Goodwill
 
4,150,339

 
4,150,339

Other intangible assets, net
 
227,883

 
256,137

Total assets
 
$
18,605,270

 
$
30,426,365

Liabilities and Stockholders' Deficit
 
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Accounts payable
 
$
716,709

 
$
1,005,944

Accrued expenses
 
5,069,086

 
6,783,514

Deferred tax liabilities, net
 
89,662

 
89,343

Deferred revenue, net
 
14,589,751

 
16,553,519

Total current liabilities
 
20,465,208

 
24,432,320

Other long-term liabilities
 
1,008,067

 
735,089

Deferred tax liabilities, net
 
46,938

 
27,069

Deferred revenue, net
 
8,887,015

 
9,122,289

Total liabilities
 
30,407,228

 
34,316,767

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)
 


 


Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, $.001 par value, 2,000,000 shares authorized, 900,000 shares issued and outstanding, redemption value of $9,000,000
 
8,331,823

 
7,818,554

Stockholders' deficit:
 
 

 
 

Common stock - $.001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 59,083,743 and 57,194,817 shares issued, respectively and 43,555,673 and 41,666,747 shares outstanding, respectively
 
59,082

 
57,195

Additional paid-in capital
 
169,825,670

 
167,953,871

Accumulated deficit
 
(130,791,558
)
 
(120,983,891
)
Common stock held in treasury, at cost (15,528,070 and 15,528,070 shares, respectively)
 
(57,032,917
)
 
(57,032,917
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net
 
(2,194,058
)
 
(1,703,214
)
Total stockholders' deficit
 
(20,133,781
)
 
(11,708,956
)
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit
 
$
18,605,270

 
$
30,426,365


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3



FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product revenue
 
$
2,245,544

 
$
3,756,579

 
$
7,465,996

 
$
21,377,450

Support and services revenue
 
5,081,266

 
5,926,647

 
15,361,096

 
17,798,241

Total revenue
 
7,326,810

 
9,683,226

 
22,827,092

 
39,175,691

Cost of revenue:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Product
 
145,986

 
510,861

 
710,233

 
1,619,142

Support and service
 
1,914,383

 
1,915,090

 
5,675,728

 
5,875,837

Total cost of revenue
 
2,060,369

 
2,425,951

 
6,385,961

 
7,494,979

Gross profit
 
$
5,266,441

 
$
7,257,275

 
$
16,441,131

 
$
31,680,712

Operating expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Research and development costs
 
2,514,822

 
3,454,128

 
9,475,678

 
9,727,727

Selling and marketing
 
2,991,901

 
4,128,814

 
11,385,051

 
13,805,689

General and administrative
 
1,561,335

 
2,132,665

 
5,100,739

 
7,209,499

Investigation, litigation, and settlement related costs
 

 

 

 
8,842

Restructuring costs
 

 
15,024

 
177,389

 
172,995

Total operating expenses
 
7,068,058

 
9,730,631

 
26,138,857

 
30,924,752

Operating (loss) income
 
(1,801,617
)
 
(2,473,356
)
 
(9,697,726
)
 
755,960

Interest and other (loss) income, net
 
(90,037
)
 
25,697

 
265,397

 
(339,968
)
(Loss) income before income taxes
 
(1,891,654
)
 
(2,447,659
)
 
(9,432,329
)
 
415,992

Provision for income taxes
 
84,519

 
134,280

 
375,338

 
403,736

Net (loss) income
 
$
(1,976,173
)
 
$
(2,581,939
)
 
$
(9,807,667
)
 
$
12,256

Less: Accrual of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock dividends
 
194,012

 
190,786

 
581,986

 
568,476

Less: Accretion to redemption value of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock
 
178,619

 
149,969

 
513,269

 
430,943

Net loss attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(2,348,804
)
 
$
(2,922,694
)
 
$
(10,902,922
)
 
$
(987,163
)
Basic net loss per share attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.07
)
 
$
(0.25
)
 
$
(0.02
)
Diluted net loss per share attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.07
)
 
$
(0.25
)
 
$
(0.02
)
Weighted average basic shares outstanding
 
43,488,448

 
41,113,431

 
42,847,038

 
41,004,976

Weighted average diluted shares outstanding
 
43,488,448

 
41,113,431

 
42,847,038

 
41,004,976


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


4



FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(UNAUDITED)

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net (loss) income
 
$
(1,976,173
)
 
$
(2,581,939
)
 
$
(9,807,667
)
 
$
12,256

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of applicable taxes:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Foreign currency translation
 
59,527

 
(93,045
)
 
(502,049
)
 
(124,023
)
Net unrealized (loss) gain on marketable securities
 
(279
)
 
1,429

 
3,477

 
6,105

Net minimum pension liability
 
3,874

 
(5,733
)
 
7,728

 
75

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of applicable taxes:
 
63,122

 
(97,349
)
 
(490,844
)
 
(117,843
)
Total comprehensive loss
 
$
(1,913,051
)
 
$
(2,679,288
)
 
$
(10,298,511
)
 
$
(105,587
)
Less: Accrual of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock dividends
 
194,012

 
190,786

 
581,986

 
568,476

Less: Accretion to redemption value of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock
 
178,619

 
149,969

 
513,269

 
430,943

Total comprehensive loss attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(2,285,682
)
 
$
(3,020,043
)
 
$
(11,393,766
)
 
$
(1,105,006
)

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


5



FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
 
$
(9,807,667
)
 
$
12,256

Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
1,041,762

 
1,511,147

Share-based payment compensation
 
851,449

 
1,098,305

Non-cash professional services expenses
 
1,540,713

 
74,642

Restructuring costs
 
177,389

 
172,995

Payment of restructuring costs
 
(63,714
)
 
(469,247
)
Loss on disposal of fixed assets
 

 
45,213

Provision for returns and doubtful accounts
 
41,970

 
(20,004
)
Deferred income tax (benefit) provision
 
(273,648
)
 
41,208

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Accounts receivable
 
3,170,149

 
3,837,502

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
425,663

 
(73,428
)
Inventory
 
64,353

 
195,622

Other assets
 
32,587

 
15,978

Accounts payable
 
(271,992
)
 
144,828

Accrued expenses and other long-term liabilities
 
(1,539,956
)
 
1,010,797

Deferred revenue
 
(2,517,096
)
 
(11,623,998
)
Net cash used in operating activities
 
(7,128,038
)
 
(4,026,184
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 

 
 

Sales of marketable securities
 
7,066,000

 
11,116,000

Purchases of marketable securities
 
(150,000
)
 
(10,916,401
)
Purchases of property and equipment
 
(132,268
)
 
(741,926
)
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets
 

 
3,130

Capitalized software development costs
 

 
(14,100
)
Security deposits
 
82,633

 
193,790

Purchase of intangible assets
 
(93,167
)
 
(177,826
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
 
6,773,198

 
(537,333
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 

 
 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options
 

 
59,242

Repurchase of common stock
 

 
(137,859
)
Dividends paid on Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock
 

 
(377,690
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 

 
(456,307
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
 
(14,932
)
 
(370,688
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
 
(369,772
)
 
(5,390,512
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
 
6,013,382

 
10,873,891

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
5,643,610

 
$
5,483,379

Supplemental disclosures:
 
 

 
 

Cash paid for income taxes, net
 
$
549,289

 
$
158,313

Non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 

 
 

Undistributed Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock dividends
 
$
194,012

 
$
377,690

Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock dividend payment
 
$
576,779

 
$

The Company did not pay any interest for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015.
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6



FALCONSTOR SOFTWARE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 

(1) Basis of Presentation

(a)  The Company and Nature of Operations
 
FalconStor Software, Inc., a Delaware Corporation (the "Company"), is a leading software-defined storage company offering a converged data services software platform that is hardware agnostic. As a global company, our vision is to deliver enterprise class, software-defined, intelligent data services combined with predictive analytics across any primary or secondary storage hardware, in the cloud or on premise. The Company mission is to help IT organizations realize more economic value out of existing environments and any future storage investments while reducing complexity, maximizing flexibility and improving operational efficiency. Our award-winning solutions are available and supported worldwide by OEMs as well as leading service providers, system integrators, resellers and the Company.

The Company has incurred operating losses in twenty-six of the previous twenty-nine quarters. The Company currently has a working capital deficiency of $9.2 million, which is inclusive of current deferred revenue of $14.6 million, a stockholders' deficit and covenants associated with its Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock that are mutually agreed to annually. The Company believes it continues to have sufficient liquidity to meet its operating requirements which includes marketing its new product offering FreeStor, and expanding its existing suite of software offerings. The Company failed to meet certain targets required by the terms of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock for the period ended September 30, 2016 and also expects to fail to meet such targets for the period ended December 31, 2016. If this failure to meet the targets occurs, the Company will be in breach of its covenants. In such event and absent a waiver, the holder, under the terms of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock may request that the Company redeem the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock. In addition, the holder has the right to request a redemption of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock on or after August 5, 2017. If the holder requests that the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock be redeemed, the Company may not have sufficient liquidity or have sufficient surplus as such term is defined under the Delaware General Corporation Law to undertake the redemption. If the Company does not redeem the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, the holder of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock can pursue other remedies. Refer to Note (13) Series A Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock for further discussion regarding these other remedies.

In the event of a redemption request by the holder, the Company’s ability to redeem the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock depends on its ability to execute its business plan, increase revenue and billings and reduce expenditures. During 2016 the Company has focused on aligning its expense structure with revenue expectations which has included tighter expense controls and overall operational efficiencies which better align the Company's current business plan on a run-rate basis. These efficiencies include among other items, stream-lined personnel related costs and global overhead costs and efficiencies realized on the Company's redesigned go-to-market coverage models. The Company has reduced its worldwide headcount to 185 employees as of September 30, 2016, compared with 226 employees as of December 31, 2015. There is no assurance that the Company will be successful in generating sufficient revenue or reducing operating costs. 
 
(b)  Principles of Consolidation
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
(c)  Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company’s significant estimates include those related to revenue recognition, accounts receivable allowances, share-based payment compensation, valuation of derivatives, capitalizable software development costs, valuation of goodwill and other intangible assets and income taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
The financial market volatility in many countries where the Company operates has impacted and may continue to impact the Company’s business. Such conditions could have a material impact on the Company’s significant accounting estimates discussed above.
 

7



(d)  Unaudited Interim Financial Information
 
The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations relating to interim financial statements.
 
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the financial position of the Company at September 30, 2016, and the results of its operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015. The results of operations of any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for the full fiscal year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes set forth in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 ("2015 Form 10-K").

(e)  Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In November 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued new guidance which requires an entity to determine whether the host contract in a hybrid financial instrument issued in the form of a share is more akin to debt or to equity by considering the economic characteristics and risks of the entire hybrid financial instrument, including the embedded derivative feature that is being evaluated for separate accounting from the host contract. The effects of initially adopting the amendments in this update should be applied on a modified retrospective basis to existing hybrid financial instruments issued in the form of a share as of the beginning of the fiscal year for which the amendments are effective. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015, which for the Company was the first quarter of 2016. The adoption of this new accounting guidance by Company has not had any impact on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In August 2014, the FASB issued new guidance which requires an entity to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity's ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or within one year after the financial statements are available to be issued when applicable), and to provide related footnote disclosures in certain circumstances. The amendments in this update are effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual and interim periods thereafter, which for the Company is the annual period ending December 31, 2016. The adoption of this new accounting guidance by Company has not had any impact on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

(f)  Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In August 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on presentation and classification of eight specific items within the statement of cash flows, including (i) debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs, (ii) settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments or other debt instruments with coupon rates that are insignificant in relation to the effective interest rate of the borrowing, (iii) contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, (iv) proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims, (v) proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies, including bank-owned life insurance policies, (vi) distributions received from equity method investees, (vii) beneficial interests in securitization transactions, and (viii) separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. This update is effective for annual reporting periods, and interim periods therein, beginning after December 15, 2017, which for the Company will be the annual period ending December 31, 2018. Early adoption, including adoption in an interim period, is permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In March 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on accounting for employee share-based payment awards to simplify the accounting related to several aspects of accounting for share-based payment transactions, including income tax consequences of share-based payment transactions, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, forfeitures, and classification on the statement of cash flows. The new standard is effective for the annual period beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim reporting periods within that period, which for the Company will be the annual period ending December 31, 2017. Early adoption, including adoption in an interim period, is permitted. The standard requires the use of several transition methods including a modified retrospective transition method, retrospective method and prospective method. The Company is evaluating the effect that this new guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.


8



In February 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on leases to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. This new guidance will replace existing guidance on leases in accounting principles generally accepted in the United States when it becomes effective. The new standard is effective for the annual period beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim reporting periods within that period, which for the Company will be the annual period ending December 31, 2019. Early application is permitted. The standard requires the use of a modified retrospective transition method; however, certain optional practical expedients may be applied. The Company is evaluating the effect that this new guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In January 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial assets and financial liabilities. The standard (i) requires an entity to measure equity investments, except those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation of the investee, at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income, (ii) simplifies the impairment assessment of equity investments without readily determinable fair values by requiring an entity to perform a qualitative assessment to identify impairment, (iii) changes certain presentation and disclosure requirements related to financial assets and financial liabilities, and (iv) clarifies that an entity should evaluate the need for a valuation allowance on a deferred tax asset related to available-for-sale securities in combination with the entity's other deferred tax assets. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, which for the Company will be the annual period ending December 31, 2018. Early adoption, including adoption in an interim period, is not permitted except for certain amendments in this update. The Company has not yet adopted this guidance and currently does not expect the adoption of the new guidance by the Company to have a significant impact on the Company's financial results.

In November 2015, the FASB issued new guidance which requires an entity to classify deferred tax liabilities and assets, along with any related valuation allowance, as non-current in its consolidated balance sheet. The amendments in this update may be applied either prospectively to all deferred tax liabilities and assets or retrospectively to all periods presented. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016, which for the Company will be the annual period ending December 31, 2017. Early adoption, including adoption in an interim period, is permitted. The Company has not yet adopted this guidance and currently does not expect the adoption of the new guidance by the Company to have a significant impact on the Company's financial results.

In May 2014, the FASB issued new guidance which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. This new guidance will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States when it becomes effective. The new standard is effective for the annual period beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that period, which for the Company will be the annual period ending December 31, 2018. Early application as of January 1, 2017 is permitted. The standard permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. The Company is evaluating the effect that this new guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. The Company has not yet selected a transition method nor has it determined the effect of the standard on its financial reporting.
 
(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The Company's significant accounting policies were described in Note (1) "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" of the 2015 Form 10-K. There have been no significant changes in the Company's significant accounting policies since December 31, 2015. The Company's revenue recognition accounting policy is included below. For a description of the Company's other significant accounting policies refer to the 2015 Form 10-K.

Revenue Recognition
 
The Company derives its revenue from sales of its products, support and services. Product revenue consists of the Company’s software integrated with industry standard hardware and sold as complete turn-key integrated solutions, as stand-alone software applications or sold on a subscription or consumption basis. Depending on the nature of the arrangement revenue related to turn-key solutions and stand-alone software applications are generally recognized upon shipment and delivery of license keys. For certain arrangements revenue is recognized based on usage or ratably over the term of the arrangement. Support and services revenue consists of both maintenance revenues and professional services revenues. Revenue is recorded net of applicable sales taxes.
 

9



In accordance with the authoritative guidance issued by the FASB on revenue recognition, the Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the fee is fixed or determinable, delivery has occurred, and collection of the resulting receivable is deemed probable. Products delivered to a customer on a trial basis are not recognized as revenue until the trial period has ended and acceptance has occurred by the customer. Reseller and distributor customers typically send the Company a purchase order when they have an end user identified. For bundled arrangements that include either maintenance or both maintenance and professional services, the Company uses the residual method to determine the amount of product revenue to be recognized. Under the residual method, consideration is allocated to the undelivered elements based upon vendor-specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) of the fair value of those elements, with the residual of the arrangement fee allocated to and recognized as product revenue. If VSOE does not exist for all undelivered elements of an arrangement, the Company recognizes total revenue from the arrangement ratably over the term of the maintenance agreement. The Company's long-term portion of deferred revenue consists of (i) payments received for maintenance contracts with terms in excess of one year as of the balance sheet date, and (ii) payments received for product sales bundled with multiple years of maintenance but for which VSOE did not exist for all undelivered elements of the arrangement. The Company provides an allowance for product returns as a reduction of revenue, based upon historical experience and known or expected trends.

When more than one element, such as hardware, software and services are contained in a single arrangement, the Company will first allocate revenue based upon the relative selling price into two categories: (1) non-software components, such as hardware and any hardware-related items, as required system software that functions with the hardware to deliver the essential functionality of the hardware and related post-contract customer support, and software as service subscriptions and (2) software components and applications, such as post-contract customer support and other services. The Company will then allocate revenue within the non-software category to each element based upon their relative selling price using a hierarchy of VSOE, third-party evidence of selling price (“TPE”) or estimated selling prices (“ESP”), if VSOE or TPE does not exist. The Company will allocate revenue within the software category to the undelivered elements based upon their fair value using VSOE with the residual revenue allocated to the delivered elements. If the Company cannot objectively determine the VSOE of the fair value of any undelivered software element, the Company will defer revenue for all software components until all elements are delivered and services have been performed, until fair value can objectively be determined for any remaining undelivered elements, or until software maintenance is the only undelivered element which the Company does not have VSOE for, in which case revenue is recognized over the maintenance term for all software elements.

Revenues associated with maintenance services are deferred and recognized as revenue ratably over the term of the contract. Revenues associated with software implementation and software engineering services are recognized when the services are performed. Costs of providing these services are included in cost of support and services.
 
The Company has entered into various distribution, licensing and joint promotion agreements with OEMs, whereby the Company has provided the OEM a non-exclusive software license to install the Company’s software on certain hardware or to resell the Company’s software in exchange for payments based on the products distributed by these OEMs. Such payments from the OEM or distributor are recognized as revenue in the period reported by the OEM.

From time to time the Company will enter into funded software development arrangements. Under such arrangements, revenue recognition will not commence until final delivery and/or acceptance of the product. For arrangements where the Company has VSOE for the undelivered elements, the Company will follow the residual method and recognize product revenue upon final delivery and/or acceptance of the product. For arrangements where the Company does not have VSOE for the undelivered elements, the Company will recognize the entire arrangement fee ratably commencing at the time of final delivery and/or acceptance through the end of the service period in the arrangement. Certain arrangements, for which VSOE of fair value for the undelivered maintenance elements cannot be established, are accounted for as a single unit of account. The revenue recognized from single units of accounting are typically allocated and classified on the consolidated statements of operations as product revenue and support and services revenue. Since VSOE cannot be established, VSOE of similar maintenance offerings provides the basis for the support and services revenue classification, and the remaining residual consideration provides the basis for the product revenue classification.

In 2013, the Company entered into a joint development agreement whereby final acceptance of the software delivered under the joint development agreement occurred on November 16, 2014. During 2014, the Company began to recognize the total committed fee as revenue ratably over a twenty-five and a half month period which began on November 16, 2014 and included a contractual twenty-four month maintenance period. During 2015, the customer elected to terminate its maintenance agreement and as such all unrecognized deferred revenue was accelerated and recognized as product revenue during the first quarter of 2015. During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company recorded total product revenue of approximately $11.3 million related to this agreement. There was no product revenue recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 related to this agreement.
 

10



(3) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share ("EPS") is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding. Diluted EPS is computed based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding increased by dilutive common stock equivalents, attributable to stock option awards, restricted stock awards and the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock outstanding.

The following represents the common stock equivalents that were excluded from the computation of diluted shares outstanding because their effect would have been anti-dilutive for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Stock options and restricted stock
 
6,677,895

 
7,948,021

 
6,677,895

 
7,948,021

Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock
 
8,781,516

 
8,781,516

 
8,781,516

 
8,781,516

Total anti-dilutive common stock equivalents
 
15,459,411

 
16,729,537

 
15,459,411

 
16,729,537


The following represents a reconciliation of the numerators and denominators of the basic and diluted EPS computation:  
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,

 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Numerator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
 
$
(1,976,173
)
 
$
(2,581,939
)
 
$
(9,807,667
)
 
$
12,256

Effects of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Less: Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock dividends
 
194,012

 
190,786

 
581,986

 
568,476

Less: Accretion to redemption value of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock
 
178,619

 
149,969

 
513,269

 
430,943

Net loss attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(2,348,804
)
 
$
(2,922,694
)
 
$
(10,902,922
)
 
$
(987,163
)
Denominator
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Weighted average basic shares outstanding
 
43,488,448

 
41,113,431

 
42,847,038

 
41,004,976

Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Stock options and restricted stock
 

 

 

 

Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock
 

 

 

 

Weighted average diluted shares outstanding
 
43,488,448

 
41,113,431

 
42,847,038

 
41,004,976

EPS
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic net loss per share attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.07
)
 
$
(0.25
)
 
$
(0.02
)
Diluted net loss per share attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.07
)
 
$
(0.25
)
 
$
(0.02
)

(4) Inventories
 
At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, inventories are as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Finished systems
 
$
6,181

 
$
70,534

Total Inventory
 
$
6,181

 
$
70,534

 
As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company had not recorded any reserve for excess and/or obsolete inventories in arriving at the estimated net realizable value of its inventory.
 

11



(5) Property and Equipment

The gross carrying amount and accumulated depreciation of property and equipment as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 are as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Property and Equipment:
 
 
 
 
Gross carrying amount
 
$
19,666,124

 
$
19,513,607

Accumulated depreciation
 
(18,536,559
)
 
(17,947,675
)
Property and Equipment, net
 
$
1,129,565

 
$
1,565,932


For the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, depreciation expense was $154,948 and $280,663, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, depreciation expense was $560,324 and $1,003,224, respectively.

(6) Software Development Costs

The gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization of software development costs as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 are as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Software development costs:
 
 
 
 
Gross carrying amount
 
$
2,917,215

 
$
3,037,215

Accumulated amortization
 
(2,280,416
)
 
(1,920,399
)
Software development costs, net
 
$
636,799

 
$
1,116,816


During the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recorded $99,654 and $131,736, respectively, of amortization expense related to capitalized software costs. During the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recorded $360,017 and $394,064, respectively, of amortization expense related to capitalized software costs.

(7) Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

The gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization of goodwill and other intangible assets as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 are as follows: 
 
 
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Goodwill
 
$
4,150,339

 
$
4,150,339

Other intangible assets:
 
 

 
 

Gross carrying amount
 
$
3,702,691

 
$
3,609,524

Accumulated amortization
 
(3,474,808
)
 
(3,353,387
)
Net carrying amount
 
$
227,883

 
$
256,137


For the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, amortization expense was $39,186 and $40,167, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, amortization expense was $121,421 and $113,859, respectively.

(8) Share-Based Payment Arrangements
On April 27, 2016, the Company’s stockholders adopted the FalconStor Software, Inc. 2016 Incentive Stock Plan (the "2016 Plan"). The 2016 Plan is administered by the Compensation Committee and initially provided for the issuance of up to 1,500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock upon the exercise of options or upon the grant of shares with such restrictions as determined by the Compensation Committee to the employees, consultants and non-employee directors of the Company. Exercise prices of the options must be equal to the fair market value of the common stock on the date of grant. Options granted have terms of ten years. Shares of restricted stock have the terms and conditions set by the Board of Directors and are forfeitable until the terms of the grant have been satisfied. The 2016 Plan replaces the Company's 2006 Incentive Stock Plan.

12



On April 27, 2016, the Company’s stockholders adopted the FalconStor Software, Inc. 2016 Outside Directors Equity Compensation Plan (the “2016 Director Plan”). The 2016 Director Plan is administered by the Board of Directors and provides for the issuance of up to 400,000 shares of the Company’s common stock upon the exercise of options or upon the grant of shares with such restrictions as determined by the Board of Directors to the non-employee directors of the Company. Exercise prices of the options must be equal to the fair market value of the common stock on the date of grant. Options granted have terms of ten years. Shares of restricted stock have the terms and conditions set by the Board of Directors and are forfeitable until the terms of the grant have been satisfied. The 2016 Director Plan replaces the 2013 Outside Directors Equity Compensation Plan.

The following table summarizes the plans under which the Company was able to grant equity compensation as of September 30, 2016
 
 
Shares
 
Shares Available
 
Shares
 
Last Date for Grant
Name of Plan
 
Authorized
 
for Grant
 
Outstanding
 
of Shares
FalconStor Software, Inc., 2016 Incentive Stock Plan
 
2,166,606
 
2,166,606
 
 
April 27, 2026
FalconStor Software, Inc., 2016 Outside Directors Equity Compensation Plan
 
400,000
 
330,000
 
70,000
 
April 27, 2019

On June 30, 2016, the total shares available for issuance under the 2016 Plan totaled 1,500,000. Pursuant to the 2016 Plan, if, on July 1st of any calendar year in which the 2016 Plan is in effect, the number of shares of stock as to which options, restricted shares and restricted stock units may be granted under the 2016 Plan is less than five percent (5%) of the number of outstanding shares of stock, then the number of shares of stock available for issuance under the 2016 Plan is automatically increased so that the number equals five percent (5%) of the shares of stock outstanding. In no event shall the number of shares of stock subject to the 2016 Plan in the aggregate exceed twenty million shares, subject to adjustment as provided in the 2016 Plan. On July 1, 2016, the total number of outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock totaled 43,332,111. Pursuant to the 2016 Plan, the total shares available for issuance under the 2016 Plan thus increased 666,606 to 2,166,606 shares available for issuance as of July 1, 2016.

The following table summarizes the Company’s equity plans that have expired but that still have equity awards outstanding as of September 30, 2016
Name of Plan
 
Shares Available for Grant
 
Shares Outstanding
FalconStor Software, Inc., 2006 Incentive Stock Plan
 
 
6,226,395
FalconStor Software, Inc., 2013 Outside Directors Equity Compensation Plan
 
 
74,000
FalconStor Software, Inc., 2007 Outside Directors Equity Compensation Plan
 
 
160,000
FalconStor Software, Inc., 2000 Stock Option Plan
 
 
147,500
 
The Company recognized share-based compensation expense for all awards issued under the Company’s stock equity plans in the following line items in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Cost of revenue - Product
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Cost of revenue - Support and Service
 
16,684

 
26,653

 
85,521

 
80,357

Research and development costs
 
80,310

 
57,478

 
1,652,107

 
228,993

Selling and marketing
 
88,907

 
73,575

 
231,979

 
225,155

General and administrative
 
88,305

 
214,467

 
422,555

 
638,442

 
 
$
274,206

 
$
372,173

 
$
2,392,162

 
$
1,172,947

 

13



On March 7, 2016, the Company issued an aggregate of 507,070 shares of the Company's common stock to Cumulus Logic, LLC, as a milestone payment pursuant to the terms of a Software License and Development Agreement between the Company and Cumulus Logic, LLC. The shares have an aggregate value of $765,000 based on the 30 day trading day average of the Company's common stock immediately prior to July 29, 2015, the date that the License and Development Agreement was executed. The Company recognized share-based compensation expense of $699,757 related to this transaction based on the fair value of the common stock on the date of issue of $1.38. This expense was included in "research and development costs" in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

On April 1, 2016, the Company issued an aggregate of 591,582 shares of the Company's common stock to Cumulus Logic, LLC, as the final milestone payment pursuant to the terms of a Software License and Development Agreement between the Company and Cumulus Logic, LLC. The shares have an aggregate value of $892,500 based on the 30 day trading day average of the Company's common stock immediately prior to July 29, 2015, the date that the License and Development Agreement was executed. On April 1, 2016, the Company recognized share-based compensation expense of $786,804 related to this transaction based on the fair value of the common stock on the date of issue of $1.33. This expense was included in "research and development costs" in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

(9) Income Taxes
 
The Company’s provision for income taxes consists of state and local, and foreign taxes, as applicable, in amounts necessary to align the Company’s year-to-date tax provision with the effective rate that it expects to achieve for the full year.
 
For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recorded an income tax provision of $375,338 and $403,736, respectively, consisting primarily of state and local and foreign taxes. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015 was (4.0%) and 97.1%, respectively. The change in the effective tax rate is attributable to the mix of foreign and domestic earnings as no tax expense or benefit is being recognized on domestic earnings or losses. As of September 30, 2016, the Company’s conclusion did not change with respect to the realizability of its domestic deferred tax assets and, therefore, the Company has not recorded any benefit for its expected net domestic deferred tax assets for the full year 2016 estimated annual effective tax rate. As of September 30, 2016, the valuation allowance totaled approximately $39.5 million.
 
The Company’s total unrecognized tax benefits, excluding interest, at both September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were $217,289. At September 30, 2016, $331,762 of unrecognized tax benefits, including interest, if recognized, would reduce the Company’s effective tax rate. As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company had $114,473 and $100,202, respectively, of accrued interest.
 
(10) Fair Value Measurements
 
The Company measures its cash equivalents, marketable securities and derivative instruments at fair value. Fair value is an exit price, representing the amount that would be received on the sale of an asset or that would be paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As a basis for considering such assumptions, the Company utilizes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in the valuation methodologies in measuring fair value.
 
The methodology for measuring fair value specifies a hierarchy of valuation techniques based upon whether the inputs to those valuation techniques reflect assumptions other market participants would use based upon market data obtained from independent sources (observable inputs) or reflect the Company’s own assumptions of market participant valuation (unobservable inputs). As a result, observable and unobservable inputs have created the following fair value hierarchy:
 
Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets that are unadjusted and accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities. At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Level 1 category included money market funds and commercial paper, which are included within cash and cash equivalents in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Level 2 – Quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or financial instruments for which significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly. At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Level 2 category included government securities and corporate debt securities, which are included within cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.


14



Level 3 – Prices or valuations that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable. At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Level 3 category included derivatives, which are included within other long-term liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company did not hold any cash, cash equivalents or marketable securities categorized as Level 3 as of September 30, 2016 or December 31, 2015.

The following table presents the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis at September 30, 2016:
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
 
 
Total
 
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant other Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
 
$
3,430,911

 
$
3,430,911

 
$

 
$

Total cash equivalents
 
3,430,911

 
3,430,911

 

 

Marketable securities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Corporate debt and government securities
 
500,040

 

 
500,040

 

Total marketable securities
 
500,040

 

 
500,040

 

Derivative liabilities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Derivative Instruments
 
173,667

 

 

 
173,667

Total derivative liabilities
 
173,667

 

 

 
173,667

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets and liabilities measured at fair value
 
$
4,104,618

 
$
3,430,911

 
$
500,040

 
$
173,667


The following table presents the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis at December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
 
 
Total
 
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant other Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds and commercial paper
 
$
2,725,094

 
$
2,725,094

 
$

 
$

Total cash equivalents
 
2,725,094

 
2,725,094

 

 

Marketable securities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Corporate debt and government securities
 
7,420,042

 

 
7,420,042

 

Total marketable securities
 
7,420,042

 

 
7,420,042

 

Derivative liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative Instruments
 
82,024

 

 

 
82,024

Total derivative liabilities
 
82,024

 

 

 
82,024

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets and liabilities measured at fair value
 
$
10,227,160

 
$
2,725,094

 
$
7,420,042

 
$
82,024

 
The fair value of the Company’s investments in corporate debt and government securities have been determined utilizing third party pricing services and reviewed by the Company. The pricing services use inputs to determine fair value which are derived from observable market sources including reportable trades, benchmark curves, credit spreads, broker/dealer quotes, bids, offers, and other industry and economic events. These investments are included in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.


15



The fair value of the Company’s derivatives were valued using the Black-Scholes pricing model adjusted for probability assumptions, with all significant inputs, except for the probability and volatility assumptions, derived from or corroborated by observable market data such as stock price and interest rates. The probability and volatility assumptions are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable. These embedded derivatives are included in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

The following table presents a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances of the Company's liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Beginning Balance
 
$
164,670

 
$
100,561

 
$
82,024

 
$
137,171

Total loss (gain) recognized in earnings
 
8,997

 
(40,868
)
 
91,643

 
(77,478
)
Ending Balance
 
$
173,667

 
$
59,693

 
$
173,667

 
$
59,693


(11) Marketable Securities
 
The Company’s marketable securities consist of available-for-sale securities, which are carried at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses reported as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. Unrealized gains and losses are computed on the specific identification method. Realized gains, realized losses and declines in value judged to be other-than-temporary, are included in interest and other income (loss), net. The cost of available-for-sale securities sold is based on the specific identification method and interest earned is included in interest and other income.
 
The cost and fair values of the Company’s available-for-sale marketable securities as of September 30, 2016, were as follows: 
 
 
Aggregate
Fair Value
 
Cost or Amortized
Cost
 
Net Unrealized
Gains
Government securities
 
$
500,040

 
$
499,969

 
$
71

Corporate debt securities
 

 

 

Marketable Securities
 
$
500,040

 
$
499,969

 
$
71


The cost and fair values of the Company’s available-for-sale marketable securities as of December 31, 2015, were as follows: 
 
 
Aggregate
Fair Value
 
Cost or Amortized
Cost
 
Net Unrealized
Losses
Government securities
 
$
6,560,303

 
$
6,562,792

 
$
(2,489
)
Corporate debt securities
 
859,739

 
860,656

 
(917
)
Marketable Securities
 
$
7,420,042

 
$
7,423,448

 
$
(3,406
)
 
The cost and fair values of available-for-sale securities by contractual maturity as of September 30, 2016, were as follows:
 
 
Fair Value
 
Cost
Due within one year
 
$
500,040

 
$
499,969

Due after one year
 

 

 
 
$
500,040

 
$
499,969



16



(12) Commitments and Contingencies
 
The Company has an operating lease covering its corporate office facility that expires in April 2021. The Company also has several additional operating leases related to offices in foreign countries with expiration dates ranging from 2016 through 2018. The following is a schedule of future minimum lease payments for all operating leases as of September 30, 2016
2016
$
538,561

2017
1,682,631

2018
1,400,649

2019
1,402,181

2020
1,444,247

Thereafter
491,020

 
$
6,959,289


The Company typically provides its customers a warranty on its software products for a period of no more than 90 days. Such warranties are accounted for in accordance with the authoritative guidance issued by the FASB on contingencies. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company has not incurred any costs related to warranty obligations.
 
Under the terms of substantially all of its software license agreements, the Company indemnifies its customers for all costs and damages arising from claims against such customers based on, among other things, allegations that the Company’s software infringes the intellectual property rights of a third party. In most cases, in the event of an infringement claim, the Company retains the right to (i) procure for the customer the right to continue using the software; (ii) replace or modify the software to eliminate the infringement while providing substantially equivalent functionality; or (iii) if neither (i) nor (ii) can be reasonably achieved, the Company may terminate the license agreement and refund to the customer a pro-rata portion of the license fee paid to the Company. Such indemnification provisions are accounted for in accordance with the authoritative guidance issued by the FASB on guarantees. From time to time, in the ordinary course of business, the Company receives claims for indemnification, typically from OEMs. The Company is not currently aware of any material claims for indemnification.
 
Upon certain triggering events, such as bankruptcy, insolvency or a material adverse effect, failure to achieve minimum financial covenants or failure of the Company to issue shares upon conversion of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock in accordance with its obligations, the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stockholders may require the Company to redeem all or some of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock at a price equal to the greater of 100% of the stated value plus accrued and unpaid dividends or the product of the number of shares of common stock underlying the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock and the closing price as of the occurrence of the triggering event. On or after August 5, 2017, each Series A redeemable convertible preferred stockholder can require the Company to redeem its Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock in cash at a price equal to 100% of the stated value being redeemed plus accrued and unpaid dividends. As of September 30, 2016, there were no triggering events that would allow the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock to require the Company to redeem any of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock. As of September 30, 2016, we did not fail any financial or non-financial covenants related to our Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, though the Company did not meet certain required targets for the three months ended September 30, 2016. Based on the Company's financial projections, the Company does not expect to meet certain of these required targets for the fourth quarter of 2016, which will result in the Company not being in compliance with the financial covenants of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock as of December 31, 2016. In such event, the Company would attempt to remedy the failed covenants and obtain waivers from the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock. If the Company is unable to obtain waivers, the Company may not have sufficient liquidity or have sufficient surplus as such term is defined under the Delaware General Corporation Law to undertake the redemption. If the Company does not redeem the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, the holder of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock can pursue other remedies.

On July 24, 2015, the Company entered into an Independent Marketing Agreement with RFN Prime Marketing Inc., to provide among other items, certain sales and marketing deliverables to the Company in exchange for up to 2.55 million shares of restricted Company common stock which will be issued based on certain milestone achievements and/or transactions over a twenty-four month period. The restricted Company common stock will be valued as it is earned, and the resulting value will be recorded as an expense in the period in which the performance milestone is met and the stock is earned. As of September 30, 2016, none of the performance milestones have been met, and therefore no restricted Company common stock has been issued.


17



On July 24, 2015, the Company renewed its Employment Agreement (“Quinn Employment Agreement”) with Gary Quinn. Pursuant to the Quinn Employment Agreement, the Company agreed to continue to employ Mr. Quinn as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company effective July 24, 2015, at an annual salary of $475,000 per annum, which will automatically renew every twelve (12) months unless either party gives notice to the other that it will not renew at least sixty (60) days prior to the end of the term. Among other items, the Quinn Employment Agreement also provided for the grant of 500,000 restricted shares which vest 50% and 50% based upon the achievement of two predetermined milestones of the Company’s Common Stock closing trading price for ninety (90) consecutive trading days. The 500,000 restricted shares were granted to Mr. Quinn by the Company’s Compensation Committee on July 28, 2015. As of September 30, 2016, neither of the milestones related to this award have been met.

From time to time, the Company has undertaken restructuring and expense control measures to support its business performance and to align the Company’s cost structure with its resources. During the third quarter of 2013, the Company adopted a restructuring plan intended to better align the Company’s cost structure with the skills and resources required to more effectively execute the Company’s long-term growth strategy and to support revenue levels the Company expects to achieve on a go forward basis (the “2013 Plan”).  In connection with the 2013 Plan, the Company eliminated over 100 positions worldwide, implemented tighter expense controls, ceased non-core activities and closed or downsized several facilities. As of September 30, 2016 the restructuring accrual totaled $846,337. The 2013 Plan was substantially completed by December 31, 2014; however, the Company expects the majority of the remaining accrued severance related costs to be paid once final settlement litigation is completed, which can be at various times over the next three to twenty-four months.

In addition, as of September 30, 2016, our liability for uncertain tax positions totaled $331,762. At this time, the settlement period for the positions, including related accrued interest, cannot be determined.
 
(13) Series A Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock
 
On September 16, 2013, the Company issued to Hale Capital Partners, LP (“Hale”) 900,000 shares of the Company’s Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, at a price of $10 per share, for an aggregate purchase consideration of $9.0 million, which was subsequently transferred to HCP-FVA LLC. Each share of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock is convertible into common stock equivalents, at the option of the holder and upon certain mandatory conversion events described below, at a conversion rate of $1.02488 (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, reverse stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications and similar events). The Company received net proceeds of approximately $8.7 million from the issuance of the redeemable convertible preferred stock in 2013, net of transaction costs.

If the volume weighted average price of common stock for each trading day of any 60 consecutive trading days exceeds 250% of the conversion price and exceeds 225% of the conversion price through the conversion date, and certain equity conditions are met such that shares of common stock issued upon conversion can be immediately salable by the redeemable convertible preferred stockholders, the Company can convert the redeemable convertible preferred stock up to an amount equal to the greater of 25% of the daily trading volume for the 20 consecutive trading days immediately preceding the conversion date or the amount of an identified bona fide block trade at a price reasonably acceptable to the applicable redeemable convertible preferred stockholder, but which price is not less than the arithmetic average of the weighted average prices of the common stock for the five trading days immediately preceding such sale.

The holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock have veto power over certain future financings, and certain rights to participate in any subsequent financing, whether through debt or equity (subject to certain exclusions). In addition, the Company's agreements with the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock provide that if, at the time of certain future debt or equity financings, the proceeds of which exceed $5.0 million, the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock still have outstanding Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, then the Company must offer to repurchase their Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock. The holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock have the right to accept the offer or to retain their Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock. If the Company does a financing, and the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock elect to have their Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock repurchased, then the capital raised in excess of $5.0 million will go to repurchase the holders’ Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, instead of being able to be used for our business.

The Company cannot consummate a fundamental sale transaction in which the consideration is stock or a combination of cash and stock without the consent of the holder of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock.


18



In addition to the veto rights set forth in the preceding paragraph, upon consummation of a fundamental sale transaction in which the consideration is cash and is not approved by the holder of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock shall be redeemed at a per share redemption price equal to the greater of (i) 250% of the stated value of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock (which is currently equal to $22.5 million or $2.56 per share of common stock held by the holder of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock on an as converted basis as of September 30, 2016) and (ii) the price such holder would receive in the transaction on an as converted basis.

Upon certain triggering events, such as bankruptcy, insolvency or a material adverse effect, failure to achieve minimum financial covenants or failure of the Company to issue shares upon conversion of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock in accordance with its obligations, the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stockholders may require the Company to redeem all or some of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock at a price equal to the greater of 100% of the stated value plus accrued and unpaid dividends or the product of the number of shares of common stock underlying the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock and the closing price as of the occurrence of the triggering event. On or after August 5, 2017, each Series A redeemable convertible preferred stockholder can require the Company to redeem its Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock in cash at a price equal to 100% of the stated value being redeemed plus accrued and unpaid dividends. If the Company does not have the funds necessary to redeem the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, the dividends accruing on any outstanding Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock will increase to prime plus 10% (from prime plus 5%). For each six months that the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock remains unredeemed, the dividend rate increases by 1%, subject to a maximum dividend rate of 19%. In addition, the Company's failure to redeem the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock would be considered a “Breach Event” under the agreements with the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock. If a Breach Event were to occur and the Company is in default under or has breached any provision in respect of its obligations to redeem the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, then, under the agreements with the holders of our Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, the Company's Board of Directors would automatically be increased, with the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock having the right to appoint the new directors, so that the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock would have appointed a majority of the Board of Directors. This would give the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock control of the Company. As of September 30, 2016, there were no triggering events that would allow the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock to require the Company to redeem any of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock. As of September 30, 2016, we did not fail any financial or non-financial covenants related to our Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, though the Company did not meet certain required targets for the three months ended September 30, 2016. Based on the Company's financial projections, the Company does not expect to meet certain of these required targets for the fourth quarter of 2016, which will result in the Company not being in compliance with the financial covenants of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock as of December 31, 2016. In such event, the Company would attempt to remedy the failed covenants and obtain waivers from the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock. If the Company is unable to obtain waivers, the Company may not have sufficient liquidity or have sufficient surplus as such term is defined under the Delaware General Corporation Law to undertake the redemption. If the Company does not redeem the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, the holder of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock can pursue other remedies.

Holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock are entitled to receive quarterly dividends at the Prime Rate (Wall Street Journal Eastern Edition) plus 5% (up to a maximum amount of 10%), payable in cash, provided, that if the Company will not have at least $1.0 million in positive cash flow for any calendar quarter after giving effect to the payment of such dividends, the Company, at its election, can pay such dividends in whole or in part in cash, provided that cash flow from operations is not negative, and the remainder can be accrued or paid in common stock to the extent certain equity conditions are satisfied. The Company issued 103,200, 143,737 and 186,062 shares of the Company's common stock to the holder of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock in January, May and July 2016, respectively, as payment for the fourth quarter 2015 and the first and second quarter 2016 dividends, respectively. As of September 30, 2016, the Company's liability for dividends to the holders of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock totaled $194,012. The Company intends to pay this dividend through the issuance of its common stock during the fourth quarter of 2016.


19



Each share of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock has a vote equal to the number of shares of common stock into which the redeemable convertible preferred stock would be convertible as of the record date of September 13, 2013. The Company’s closing stock price on the record date was $1.23 per share, which results in voting power of an aggregate of 7,317,073 shares. In addition, holders of a majority of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock must approve certain actions, including any amendments to the Company's charter or bylaws that adversely affects the voting powers, preferences or other rights of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock; payment of dividends or distributions; any liquidation, capitalization, reorganization or any other fundamental transaction of the Company, other than as set forth above; issuance of certain equity securities senior to or in parity with the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock as to dividend rights, redemption rights, liquidation preference and other rights; issuances of equity below the conversion price; incur any liens or borrowings other than non-convertible indebtedness from standard commercial lenders which does not exceed 80% of the Company’s accounts receivable; and the redemption or purchase of any capital stock of the Company.
 
The Company has classified the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock as temporary equity in the financial statements as it is subject to redemption at the option of the holder under certain circumstances. As a result of the Company’s analysis of all the embedded conversion and put features within the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, the contingent redemption put options in the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock were determined to not be clearly and closely related to the debt-type host and also did not meet any other scope exceptions for derivative accounting. Therefore the contingent redemption put options are being accounted for as derivative instruments and the fair value of these derivative instruments were bifurcated from the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock and recorded as a liability. 

The fair value of these derivative instruments and the loss (gain) recorded on the change in the fair value of these derivative instruments, which was included in “Interest and other (loss) income, net” within the condensed consolidated statement of operations, for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Beginning Balance
 
$
164,670

 
$
100,561

 
$
82,024

 
$
137,171

Total loss (gain) recognized in earnings
 
8,997

 
(40,868
)
 
91,643

 
(77,478
)
Ending Balance
 
$
173,667

 
$
59,693

 
$
173,667

 
$
59,693


At the time of issuance the Company recorded transaction costs, a beneficial conversion feature and the fair value allocated to the embedded derivatives as discounts to the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock. These costs are being accreted to the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock using the effective interest method through the stated redemption date of August 5, 2017, which represents the earliest redemption date of the instrument. The Company included deductions for accretion and accrued dividends as adjustments to net loss attributable to common stockholders on the condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015. The following represents a reconciliation of net loss attributable to common stockholders for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net (loss) income
 
$
(1,976,173
)
 
$
(2,581,939
)
 
$
(9,807,667
)
 
$
12,256

Effects of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Less: Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock dividends
 
194,012

 
190,786

 
581,986

 
568,476

Less: Accretion to redemption value of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock
 
178,619

 
149,969

 
513,269

 
430,943

Net loss attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(2,348,804
)
 
$
(2,922,694
)
 
$
(10,902,922
)
 
$
(987,163
)


20



(14) Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss 

The changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income, net of tax, for the three months ended September 30, 2016 are as follows:
 
 
Foreign Currency
Translation
 
Net Unrealized Gains (Losses) on Marketable
Securities
 
Net Minimum
Pension Liability
 
Total
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at June 30, 2016
 
$
(2,288,570
)
 
$
350

 
$
31,040

 
$
(2,257,180
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
59,527

 
(1,289
)
 
2,616

 
60,854

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 

 
1,010

 
1,258

 
2,268

Total other comprehensive income (loss)
 
59,527

 
(279
)
 
3,874

 
63,122

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at September 30, 2016
 
$
(2,229,043
)
 
$
71

 
$
34,914

 
$
(2,194,058
)

The changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income, net of tax, for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 are as follows:
 
 
Foreign Currency
Translation
 
Net Unrealized (Losses) Gains on Marketable
Securities
 
Net Minimum
Pension Liability
 
Total
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at December 31, 2015
 
$
(1,726,994
)
 
$
(3,406
)
 
$
27,186

 
$
(1,703,214
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
 
(502,049
)
 
1,224

 
4,039

 
(496,786
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
 

 
2,253

 
3,689

 
5,942

Total other comprehensive (loss) income
 
(502,049
)
 
3,477

 
7,728

 
(490,844
)
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at September 30, 2016
 
$
(2,229,043
)
 
$
71

 
$
34,914

 
$
(2,194,058
)

The changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income, net of tax, for the three months ended September 30, 2015 are as follows:
 
 
Foreign Currency
Translation
 
Net Unrealized
Gains (Losses) on Marketable
Securities
 
Net Minimum
Pension Liability
 
Total
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at June 30, 2015
 
$
(1,567,473
)
 
$
3,268

 
$
32,421

 
$
(1,531,784
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
 
(93,045
)
 
1,511

 
(7,348
)
 
(98,882
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
 

 
(82
)
 
1,615

 
1,533

Total other comprehensive (loss) income
 
(93,045
)
 
1,429

 
(5,733
)
 
(97,349
)
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at September 30, 2015
 
$
(1,660,518
)
 
$
4,697

 
$
26,688

 
$
(1,629,133
)
 

21



The changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income, net of tax, for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 are as follows:
 
 
Foreign Currency
Translation
 
Net Unrealized (Losses) Gains on Marketable
Securities
 
Net Minimum
Pension Liability
 
Total
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at December 31, 2014
 
$
(1,536,495
)
 
$
(1,408
)
 
$
26,613

 
$
(1,511,290
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
 
(124,023
)
 
6,536

 
(4,898
)
 
(122,385
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
 

 
(431
)
 
4,973

 
4,542

Total other comprehensive (loss) income
 
(124,023
)
 
6,105

 
75

 
(117,843
)
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at September 30, 2015
 
$
(1,660,518
)
 
$
4,697

 
$
26,688

 
$
(1,629,133
)

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the amounts reclassified to net loss related to the Company’s defined benefit plan and maturity of marketable securities. These amounts are included within “Operating (loss) income” within the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
 
(15) Stockholders' Equity

Stock Repurchase Activity
 
On April 22, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors (the "Board") approved a new stock buy-back program (the "Repurchase Program"). The Repurchase Program authorizes management to repurchase in the aggregate up to five million shares of the Company's common stock. Repurchases may be made by the Company from time to time in open-market or privately-negotiated transactions as permitted by securities laws and other legal requirements, and subject to market conditions and other factors. The Repurchase Program superseded and replaced the Company's prior stock buy-back program. The Repurchase Program does not obligate the Company to make repurchases at any specific time or situation. The Company was required to obtain approvals from the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stockholders for the Repurchase Program. The Repurchase Program does not have an expiration date and may be amended or terminated by the Board at any time without prior notice.
 
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and the three months ended September 30, 2015, the Company did not repurchase any shares of its common stock. During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company repurchased 92,161 shares of its common stock at an aggregate purchase price of $137,859 or $1.50 per share. As of September 30, 2016, the Company had the authorization to repurchase 4,907,839 shares of its common stock based upon its judgment and market conditions.

Independent Marketing Agreement

On July 24, 2015, the Company entered into an Independent Marketing Agreement with RFN Prime Marketing Inc., to provide among other items, certain sales and marketing deliverables to the Company in exchange for up to 2.55 million shares of restricted Company common stock which will be issued based on certain milestone achievements and/or transactions over a twenty-four month period. The restricted Company common stock will be valued as it is earned, and the resulting value will be recorded as an expense in the period in which the performance milestone is met and the stock is earned. As of September 30, 2016, none of the performance milestones have been met, and therefore no restricted Company common stock has been issued.


22



(16)  Litigation
 
In view of the inherent difficulty of predicting the outcome of litigation, particularly where the claimants seek very large or indeterminate damages, the Company generally cannot predict what the eventual outcome of the pending matters will be, what the timing of the ultimate resolution of these matters will be, or what the eventual loss, fines or penalties related to each pending matter may be.
 
In accordance with the authoritative guidance issued by the FASB on contingencies, the Company accrues anticipated costs of settlement, damages and losses for claims to the extent specific losses are probable and estimable. The Company records a receivable for insurance recoveries when such amounts are probable and collectable. In such cases, there may be an exposure to loss in excess of any amounts accrued. If, at the time of evaluation, the loss contingency related to a litigation is not both probable and estimable, the matter will continue to be monitored for further developments that would make such loss contingency both probable and estimable and, the Company will expense these costs as incurred. If the estimate of a probable loss is a range and no amount within the range is more likely, the Company will accrue the minimum amount of the range.

 Other Claims
 
The Company is subject to various legal proceedings and claims, asserted or unasserted, which arise in the ordinary course of business. While the outcome of any such matters cannot be predicted with certainty, such matters are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or operating results.
 
The Company continues to assess certain litigation and claims to determine the amounts, if any, that the Company believes may be paid as a result of such claims and litigation and, therefore, additional losses may be accrued and paid in the future, which could materially adversely impact the Company’s financial results, its cash flows and its cash reserves.
 
(17) Segment Reporting
 
The Company is organized in a single operating segment for purposes of making operating decisions and assessing performance. Revenue from the United States to customers in the following geographical areas for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, and the location of long-lived assets as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, are summarized as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,

 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Americas
 
$
1,856,175

 
$
2,980,427

 
$
6,909,801

 
$
20,613,518

Asia Pacific
 
2,958,989

 
3,441,168

 
8,645,233

 
9,547,455

Europe, Middle East, Africa and Other
 
2,511,646

 
3,261,631

 
7,272,058

 
9,014,718

Total Revenue
 
$
7,326,810

 
$
9,683,226

 
$
22,827,092

 
$
39,175,691

 

 
 
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Long-lived assets:
 
 
 
 
Americas
 
$
6,570,271

 
$
7,519,787

Asia Pacific
 
622,935

 
650,633

Europe, Middle East, Africa and Other
 
118,133

 
168,241

Total long-lived assets
 
$
7,311,339

 
$
8,338,661

 
For both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company had one customer, Hitachi Data Systems, that accounted for 11% of total revenue. For the three months ended September 30, 2015, the Company had one customer, Hitachi Data Systems, that accounted for 15% of total revenue. For the nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company had one customer, Violin Memory, Inc., that accounted for 29% of total revenue.


23



As of September 30, 2016, the Company had two customers, Datang Telecom International Technology Co., Ltd and Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd that accounted for 18% and11%, respectively, of the gross accounts receivable balance. As of December 31, 2015, the Company had two customers, Datang Telecom International Technology Co., Ltd and Hitachi Data Systems, that accounted for 11% and 10%, respectively, of the gross accounts receivable balance.

(18) Restructuring Costs
 
From time to time, the Company has undertaken restructuring and expense control measures to support its business performance and to align the Company’s cost structure with its resources. In the third quarter of 2013, the Company adopted the 2013 Plan to better align the Company’s cost structure with the skills and resources required to more effectively execute the Company’s long-term growth strategy and to support revenue levels the Company expects to achieve on a go forward basis.  In connection with the 2013 Plan, the Company eliminated over 100 positions worldwide, implemented tighter expense controls, ceased non-core activities and closed or downsized several facilities. The 2013 Plan was substantially completed by December 31, 2014; however, we expect the majority of the severance related costs to be paid once final settlement litigation is completed, which can be at various times over the next three to twenty-four months. The following table summarizes the activity related to restructuring liabilities recorded in connection with the 2013 Plan:
 
 
Severance related costs
 
Facility and other costs
 
Total
Original charge
 
$
3,179,131

 
$
426,889

 
$
3,606,020

Utilized/Paid
 
(2,067,554
)
 
(231,973
)
 
(2,299,527
)
Balance at December 31, 2013
 
$
1,111,577

 
$
194,916

 
$
1,306,493

Provisions/Additions
 
365,174

 
770,136

 
1,135,310

Utilized/Paid
 
(653,325
)
 
(759,563
)
 
(1,412,888
)
Balance at December 31, 2014
 
$
823,426

 
$
205,489

 
$
1,028,915

Provisions/Additions
 
55,527

 
117,468

 
172,995

Utilized/Paid
 
(161,313
)
 
(307,935
)
 
(469,248
)
Balance at December 31, 2015
 
$
717,640

 
$
15,022

 
$
732,662

Provisions/Additions
 
76,030

 
7,954

 
83,984

Utilized/Paid
 
(36,531
)
 
(18,315
)
 
(54,846
)
Balance at March 31, 2016
 
$
757,139

 
$
4,661

 
$
761,800

Provisions/Additions
 
89,198

 
4,207

 
93,405

Utilized/Paid
 

 
(4,664
)
 
(4,664
)
Balance at June 30, 2016
 
$
846,337

 
$
4,204

 
$
850,541

Provisions/Additions
 

 

 

Utilized/Paid
 

 
(4,204
)
 
(4,204
)
Balance at September 30, 2016
 
$
846,337

 
$

 
$
846,337

 
  
The severance related liabilities are included within “accrued expenses” in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. The expenses under the 2013 Plan are included within “restructuring costs” in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.


24



Item 2.     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of predictive, future-tense or forward-looking terminology, such as “believes,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “estimates,” “plans,” “may,” “intends,” “will,” or similar terms.  Investors are cautioned that any forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve significant risks and uncertainties, and that actual results may differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. The following discussion should be read together with the consolidated financial statements and notes to those financial statements included elsewhere in this report.
 
OVERVIEW

Over the past eight-teen months we have continued to drive FreeStor® sales through our originally targeted routes to market which included OEMs, Managed Service Providers and Enterprise customers. We have achieved critical customer and marketplace credibility with the early adopter OEMs and Managed Service Providers. Since the introduction and release of FreeStor in mid-2015, FreeStor has won 11 software-defined storage (SDS) product-of-the-year awards at various leading industry publications, including three publications servicing the Asia markets and six publications servicing the European marketplace and two publications in the Americas.

Since the introduction of FreeStor in May 2015, we have continued to develop and enhance the FreeStor platform to address the ever changing market dynamics to ensure that FreeStor continues to be a leader in the SDS market place. The latest enhancements were delivered in October 2016, including new primary instance only pricing, public cloud connectors (AWS, Azure, Oracle Cloud, Aliyun, Huawei), enhanced Core-to-Edge Analytics, Unified Client Management, improved secure multi-tenancy, external security (A.D. and LDAP), and numerous performance optimizations. The FreeStor Cinder Driver for OpenStack has also been approved and is now included in the OpenStack Newton distribution as well as the RedHat OpenStack 8 distribution. Enhancements delivered in the first quarter of 2016, included end-to-end intelligent predictive analytics which offers insight across heterogeneous storage environments. FreeStor gives customers the ability to move workloads to the right destination, on-premise or in the cloud, with real insight for the right price. FreeStor is an SDS platform that gives customers the power to seamlessly migrate, recover, protect and deduplicate data - on or off the cloud - without tying their business to specific hardware, networks or protocols. FreeStor’s Intelligent Abstraction® Layer enables the free flow of data and common services between the front end and back end, regardless of environment or location. Intelligent Abstraction virtualizes both existing and future storage for a more efficient and consolidated storage infrastructure. Unlike array-based analytics, FreeStor’s new Intelligent Predictive Analytics provides real-time and historical analytics across heterogeneous storage systems to better manage capacity, performance, and availability. By combining Intelligent Abstraction with Predictive Analytics, users are able to take intelligent action based on real-time information to optimize and maintain their storage environment from a single pane of glass regardless of storage vendor or location. FreeStor addresses heterogeneous storage portfolios, all-flash array and hybrid flash array hardware manufacturers which do not have a software stack or do not have an enterprise-ready software stack, and solutions for managed service providers. FreeStor provides centralized management, monitoring, reporting and provisioning through a web browser, tablet or smartphone which gives end-users or storage administrators the ability to be completely mobile when managing their virtual storage portfolio.

Since our inception as a Company through the third quarter of 2013, we used the “up front” revenue model for revenue from nearly all sales of product licenses and hardware. Since then, we have offered more flexibility in licensing and payment structures, and as a result the product revenue for some transactions are being recognized ratably over the contractual maintenance term. We expect to continue this flexibility going forward, and also expect that the number of transactions with flexible sales terms will increase over time, which could result in variable periods for recognizing the revenue. Furthermore, our FreeStor platform is primarily sold on a subscription based offering with revenue recognition recorded over the term of the subscription. Our support and maintenance revenue has always been recognized ratably over the term of the support and maintenance agreement and this has not changed. Our professional services revenue will continue to be recognized upon delivery of the professional services unless it is sold as part of a bundled arrangement for which we have not established fair value for all undelivered elements which would require the revenue from the entire arrangement be recognized over the maintenance period.

We believe that the flexibility in licensing, payment structures and subscription based offerings has made and will continue to make us more competitive in the marketplace by allowing us more flexibility to work with partners and customers to design licensing and payment terms that meet their needs. Offering flexibility in licensing, payment structures and subscription based offerings results in ratable revenue recognition, and accordingly our GAAP revenue will be dependent on the volume of ratable and/or subscription sales from period-to-period.


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Bookings for the third quarter of 2016 totaled $5.5 million, compared with $8.8 million in the third quarter of 2015 and $8.8 million in the second quarter of 2016. For the first nine months of 2016, the entire FreeStor technology and subscription-based platform achieved 128% of the entire 2015 bookings results. We believe these bookings achievements in such a short period of time validate FreeStor as a leader within the newly emerging SDS marketplace in such a short period of time. However, while we are pleased with the bookings growth for the FreeStor technology and subscription-based platform, especially during the first nine months of 2016, these bookings failed to make up for booking declines in our legacy product lines. In addition, the level of customer deal elongation and customer indecisiveness to purchase in a timely manner as a result of customers working through their organizational purchasing strategies continues to provide significant headwinds for both the storage software industry and FalconStor. As a result, we will continually look to optimize our cost-structures and allocate resources in order to gain operational efficiencies in order to match our run-rate outlook of bookings, billings and total revenue to ensure we are optimizing our business operations.

For the third quarter of 2016, GAAP revenue totaled $7.3 million, compared with $9.7 million in the third quarter of 2015. This decrease was partially attributable to an increase in the mix of ratable product license sales in the third quarter of 2016 as compared with the same period in 2015 of 65% and 45%, respectively. In addition, as discussed above, declines in our traditional product lines also contributed to the decline in current period GAAP revenue.

Product revenue from our OEM partners decreased $0.1 million, while product revenue from our non-OEM partners decreased $1.3 million. We had one customer which accounted for more than 10% of our total GAAP revenue; Hitachi Data Systems which accounted for 11% of our total revenue in the third quarter of 2016.

Deferred revenue as of September 30, 2016 totaled $23.5 million, which decreased 5% compared with September 30, 2015, and 9% compared with December 31, 2015.

Support and services revenue decreased 14% from $5.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015 to $5.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016.

Overall, our operating expenses decreased 27% or $2.7 million to $7.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, compared with $9.7 million in the same period in 2015. Included in our operating expenses for both the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $0.3 million of share-based compensation expense, respectively.

Net loss for the three months ended September 30, 2016 was $2.0 million, compared with $2.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS – FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2016 COMPARED WITH THE THREE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2015.
 
Our primary sales focus is on selling software solutions and platforms which includes stand-alone software applications, software integrated with industry standard hardware and sold as one complete integrated solution or sold on a subscription or consumption basis. As a result, our revenue is classified as either: (i) product revenue, or (ii) support and services revenue. Product revenue consists of both integrated solutions and stand-alone software revenue. Support and services revenue consists of both maintenance revenue and professional services revenue.
 
Total revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2016 decreased 24% to $7.3 million, compared with $9.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. Our cost of revenue decreased 15% to $2.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, compared with $2.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. Our operating expenses decreased 27% to $7.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, compared with $9.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. Included in the operating results for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $0.3 million and $0.4 million of share-based compensation expense, respectively. Net loss for the three months ended September 30, 2016 was $2.0 million, compared with $2.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. Net loss attributable to common stockholders, which includes the effects of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock dividends and accretion of the discounts related to the issuance of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, was $2.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, compared with $2.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015.


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Overall, our total operating expenses decreased $2.7 million, or 27%, to $7.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, compared with $9.7 million for the same period in 2015. This decrease was primarily attributable to tighter expense controls and overall operational efficiencies which better align our current business plan on a run-rate basis. These efficiencies include among other items, stream-lined personnel related costs and global overhead costs and efficiencies realized on our redesigned go-to-market coverage models. Our worldwide headcount was 185 employees as of September 30, 2016, compared with 237 employees as of September 30, 2015. We will continue to evaluate the appropriate headcount levels to properly align our resources with our current and long-term outlook and to take actions in areas of the Company that are not performing.

Revenue 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
Product revenue

$
2,245,544

 
$
3,756,579

Support and services revenue
 
5,081,266

 
5,926,647

Total Revenue
 
$
7,326,810

 
$
9,683,226

Year-over-year percentage change
 
 

 
 

Product revenue
 
(40)%
 
(5)%
Support and services revenue
 
(14)%
 
(18)%
Total percentage change
 
(24)%
 
(13)%

Product revenue
 
Product revenue is comprised of sales of both licenses for our software solutions and sales of the platforms on which the software is installed. This includes stand-alone software applications and software integrated with industry standard hardware, sold as one complete integrated solution or sold on a subscription or consumption basis. The products are sold through our OEMs, and through (i) value-added resellers, (ii) distributors, and/or (iii) directly to end-users (collectively “non-OEMs”). These revenues are recognized when all the applicable criteria under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States are met.

Product revenue decreased 40% from $3.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015, to $2.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016. These amounts are net of sales return expense of less than $0.1 million recognized during the three months ended September 30, 2016, and less than $0.1 million benefit recognized during the same period in 2015. Product revenue represented 31% and 39% of our total revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Product revenue from our OEM partners decreased $0.1 million, and from our non-OEM partners decreased $1.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, compared with the same period in 2015. The decline in product revenue from our non-OEM channel was primarily due to, (i) challenges in obtaining new customers, (ii) a decrease in the volume of sales from our legacy product line(s), and (iii) the mix of deals where revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the associated maintenance agreement, rather than upon transaction completion and product delivery. Product revenue from our non-OEM partners represented 77% and 83% of our total product revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Product revenue from our OEM partners represented 23% and 17% of our total product revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

We continue to invest in our product portfolio by refreshing our existing product lines and developing our next generation of innovative product offerings to drive our sales volume in support of our long-term outlook.


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Support and services revenue

Support and services revenue is comprised of revenue from (i) maintenance and technical support services, (ii) professional services primarily related to the implementation of our software, and (iii) engineering services. Revenue derived from maintenance and technical support contracts are deferred and recognized ratably over the contractual maintenance term. Professional services revenue is recognized in the period that the related services are performed or over the contractual term if vendor-specific objective evidence ("VSOE") does not exist for all undelivered elements. Engineering services are recognized upon customer acceptance or over the remaining contract term if VSOE does not exist for the remaining deliverables upon acceptance. Support and services revenue decreased 14% from $5.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015 to $5.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016. The decrease in support and services revenue was attributable to a decrease in both maintenance and technical support services revenue and professional services revenue.

Maintenance and technical support services revenue decreased from $5.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015 to $4.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016. Our maintenance and technical support service revenue results primarily from (i) the purchase of maintenance and support contracts by our customers, and (ii) the renewal of maintenance and support contracts by our existing and new customers after their initial contracts expire. During the three months ended September 30, 2016, the decline in maintenance and technical support services revenue was primarily attributable to a decrease of $0.9 million in maintenance revenue from our non-OEM partners primarily driven by the overall decline in product license sales over the past twelve to twenty-four months. Additionally, the conversion of existing customers using our legacy products to our Freestor subscription product has resulted and will continue to result in a shift of revenue from maintenance and technical support services revenue to product revenue.
 
Professional services revenue decreased $0.1 million, to $0.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, compared with $0.2 million for the same period in 2015. Professional services revenue varies from period to period based upon (i) the number of solutions sold during the existing and previous periods, (ii) the number of our customers who elect to purchase professional services, (iii) the number of professional services contracts that are performed during the period, and (iv) the number of customers who elect to purchase engineering services. We expect professional services revenue to continue to vary from period to period based upon the number of customers who elect to utilize our professional services upon purchasing any of our solutions.
 
Cost of Revenue
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Cost of revenue:
 
 
 
 
Product
 
$
145,986

 
$
510,861

Support and service
 
1,914,383

 
1,915,090

Total cost of revenue
 
$
2,060,369

 
$
2,425,951

Total Gross Profit
 
$
5,266,441

 
$
7,257,275

Gross Margin:
 
 

 
 

Product
 
93%
 
86%
Support and service
 
62%
 
68%
Total gross margin
 
72%
 
75%

 Cost of revenue, gross profit and gross margin
 
Cost of product revenue consists primarily of industry standard hardware we purchase and integrate with our software for turn-key integrated solutions, personnel costs, amortization of capitalized software and shipping and logistics costs. Cost of support and service consists primarily of personnel and other costs associated with providing software implementations, technical support under maintenance contracts and training.


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Cost of product revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2016 decreased $0.4 million, or 71%, to $0.1 million, compared with $0.5 million for the same period in 2015. Product gross margin increased to 93% for the three months ended September 30, 2016, compared with 86% for the same period in 2015. The increase in product gross margin was primarily attributable to an increase in the percentage of our product revenue from sales of our stand-alone software applications, which have higher gross margins than sales of our fully integrated solutions with hardware appliances, compared with the same period in 2015. Our cost of support and service revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2016 remained consistent with the same period in 2015. Support and service gross margin decreased to 62% for the three months ended September 30, 2016, compared with 68% for the three months ended September 30, 2015, as a result of the decrease in support and services revenue.
 
Total gross profit decreased $2.0 million, or 27%, to $5.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, compared with $7.3 million for the same period in 2015. Total gross margin decreased to 72% for the three months ended September 30, 2016, compared with 75% for the same period in 2015. The decrease in our total gross margin was primarily due to the decrease in revenue and the mix of sales. Generally, our total gross profits and total gross margins fluctuate based on several factors, including (i) revenue growth levels, (ii) changes in personnel headcount and related costs, and (iii) our product offerings and mix of sales.

Operating Expenses
 
Research and Development Costs
 
Research and development costs consist primarily of personnel costs for product development, share-based compensation expense, and other related costs associated with the development of new products, enhancements to existing products, quality assurance and testing. Research and development costs decreased $0.9 million, or 27%, to $2.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, from $3.5 million in the same period in 2015. The decrease was primarily related to cost associated with our exclusive source code license and distribution agreement, which totaled approximately $0.8 million and was included in the 2015 results which did not repeat in the third quarter of 2016. In addition, the decrease was also due to a decrease in personnel related costs, as we continue to allocate the appropriate level of resources based upon the product development roadmap schedule. We believe we continue to provide adequate levels of resources in support of our research and development activities to continue to enhance and to test our core products and in the development of new innovative products, features and options. Share-based compensation expense included in research and development costs was $0.1 million for each the three months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015.
 
Selling and Marketing
 
Selling and marketing expenses consist primarily of sales and marketing personnel and related costs, share-based compensation expense, travel, public relations expense, marketing literature and promotions, commissions, trade show expenses, and the costs associated with our foreign sales offices. Selling and marketing expenses decreased $1.1 million, or 28%, to $3.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, from $4.1 million for the same period in 2015. The decrease in selling and marketing expenses was primarily attributable to a decrease in personnel related costs including a decrease in our sales and marketing headcount as we continue to optimize our go-to-market coverage models around the world. Share-based compensation expense included in selling and marketing was $0.1 million for each of the three months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015.
 
General and Administrative
 
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of personnel costs of general and administrative functions, share-based compensation expense, public company related costs, directors’ and officers’ insurance, legal and professional fees, and other general corporate overhead costs. General and administrative expenses decreased $0.6 million or 27%, to $1.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, from $2.1 million for the same period in 2015. The decrease in general and administrative expenses was primarily attributable to continuing to optimize personnel costs, professional fees and other various general and administrative costs within the Company. Share-based compensation expense included in general and administrative expenses was $0.1 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015, respectively.
 
Interest and Other (Loss) Income, net
 
Interest and other (loss) income, net, decreased $0.1 million to expense of $0.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, compared with income of less than $0.1 million for the same period in 2015. The change in interest and other (loss) income, net, was primarily due to reduced cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities balances compared to the comparable 2015 period and net foreign currency loss of $0.1 million recorded during the three months ended September 30, 2016.

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Income Taxes
 
Our provision for income taxes consists of federal, state and local, and foreign taxes. For the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recorded an income provision of $0.1 million each. Our domestic deferred tax assets are not realizable on a more-likely-than-not basis and, therefore, we have recorded a full valuation allowance against our domestic deferred tax assets. During the three months ended September 30, 2016, our conclusion did not change with respect to our domestic deferred tax assets and therefore, we have not recorded any benefit for our expected net domestic deferred tax assets for the full year 2016 estimated annual effective tax rate.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS – FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2016 COMPARED WITH THE NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2015.
 
Total revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 decreased 42% to $22.8 million, compared with $39.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. This decrease was mainly attributable to $11.3 million of revenue recorded for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 from a joint development agreement which did not repeat in 2016. Excluding revenue from the joint development agreement, revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 decreased 18% to $22.8 million, compared with $27.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. Our cost of revenue decreased 15% to $6.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, compared with $7.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. Our operating expenses decreased 15% to $26.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, compared with $30.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. Included in the operating results for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $2.4 million and $1.2 million of share-based compensation expense, respectively. Net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was $9.8 million, compared with net income of less than $0.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. Net loss attributable to common stockholders, which includes the effects of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock dividends and accretion of the discounts related to the issuance of the Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, was $10.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, compared with $1.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015.

Overall, our total operating expenses decreased $4.8 million, or 15%, to $26.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, compared with $30.9 million for the same period in 2015. This decrease was primarily attributable to tighter expense controls and overall operational efficiencies which better align our current business plan on a run-rate basis. These efficiencies include among other items, stream-lined personnel related costs and global overhead costs and efficiencies realized on our redesigned go-to-market coverage models. Our worldwide headcount was 185 employees as of September 30, 2016, compared with 237 employees as of September 30, 2015. We continue to evaluate the appropriate headcount levels to properly align our resources with our current and long-term outlook and to take actions in areas of the Company that are not performing. These decreases were partly offset by an increase of $1.2 million in share-based compensation expense due to $1.5 million related to costs associated with our exclusive source code license and development agreement paid through the issuance of our common stock.

Revenue