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EX-3.1 - Talon Therapeutics, Inc.v177968_ex3-1.htm
EX-23.1 - Talon Therapeutics, Inc.v177968_ex23-1.htm
EX-31.1 - Talon Therapeutics, Inc.v177968_ex31-1.htm
EX-32.1 - Talon Therapeutics, Inc.v177968_ex32-1.htm
EX-31.2 - Talon Therapeutics, Inc.v177968_ex31-2.htm
 


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

 
FORM 10-K
 

 
x
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended: December 31, 2009
or

¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from: _____________ to _____________

Hana Biosciences, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
1-32626
32-0064979
(State or Other Jurisdiction
(Commission
(I.R.S. Employer
of Incorporation or Organization)
File Number)
Identification No.)
7000 Shoreline Ct., Suite 370, South San Francisco 94080
(Address of Principal Executive Office) (Zip Code)
(650) 588-6404
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:  None

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  Common stock, $0.001 par value


Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  ¨ No  x
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes  ¨     No  x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  x     No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  ¨     No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or  information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.
Large accelerated filer  ¨  Accelerated filer  ¨  Non-accelerated filer  ¨  Smaller reporting company  x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes  ¨ No  x
The approximate aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $15,282,141 as of June 30, 2009, based on the last sale price of the registrant’s common stock as reported on the OTC Bulletin Board on such date..
As of March 24, 2010, there were 79,649,976 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of our definitive Proxy Statement for our 2010 Annual Meeting of Shareholders (the “2010 Proxy Statement”) are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K, to the extent described in Part III. The 2010 Proxy Statement will be filed within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009.
 


 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  
Page
PART I
 
Item 1
Business
4
Item 1A
Risk Factors
19
Item 1B
Unresolved Staff Comments
32
Item 2
Properties
32
Item 3
Legal Proceedings
32
Item 4
Reserved and removed
32
     
PART II
 
Item 5
Market for Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
33
Item 6
Selected Financial Data
33
Item 7
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
34
Item 7A
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
41
Item 8
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
41
Item 9
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
41
Item 9A
Controls and Procedures
41
Item 9B
Other Information
42
     
PART III
 
Item 10
Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance
43
Item 11
Executive Compensation
43
Item 12
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
43
Item 13
Certain Relationships, Related Transactions and Director Independence
44
Item 14
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
44
     
PART IV
 
Item 15
Exhibits and Financial Statements Schedules
45
Signatures
47
Index to Financial Statements
F-1
 
 
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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This Annual Report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. Any statements about our expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or future events or performance are not historical facts and may be forward-looking. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about:
 
·
the development of our drug candidates, including when we expect to undertake, initiate and complete clinical trials of our product candidates;

·
the regulatory approval of our drug candidates;

·
our use of clinical research centers and other contractors;

·
our ability to find collaborative partners for research, development and commercialization of potential products;

·
acceptance of our products by doctors, patients or payors and the availability of reimbursement for our product candidates;

·
our ability to market any of our products;

·
our history of operating losses;

·
our ability to secure adequate protection for our intellectual property;

·
our ability to compete against other companies and research institutions

·
the effect of potential strategic transactions on our business;

·
our ability to attract and retain key personnel;

·
the volatility of our stock price; and

·
other risks and uncertainties detailed in “ Risk Factors ” in Item 1A if this report.

These statements are often, but not always, made through the use of words or phrases such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “project,” “continuing,” “ongoing,” “expect,” “believe” “intend” and similar words or phrases. For such statements, we claim the protection of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Readers of this Annual Report on Form 10-K are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the time this Annual Report on Form 10-K was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC. These forward-looking statements are based largely on our expectations and projections about future events and future trends affecting our business, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements. Discussions containing these forward-looking statements may be found throughout this Form 10-K, including Part I, the sections entitled “Item 1: Description of Business” as well as “Item 1A: Risk Factors” and Part II, the sections entitled “Item 7: Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations or Plan of Operations.”  These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, including the risks discussed in Part 1 of this form in the section entitled “Item 1A: Risk Factors,” that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly revise our forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that arise after the filing of this Annual Report on Form 10-K or documents incorporated by reference herein that include forward-looking statements. The risks discussed in this report should be considered in evaluating our prospects and future financial performance.

In addition, past financial or operating performance is not necessarily a reliable indicator of future performance and you should not use our historical performance to anticipate results or future period trends. We can give no assurances that any of the events anticipated by the forward-looking statements will occur or, if any of them do, what impact they will have on our results of operations and financial condition.

References to the “Company,” “Hana,” the “Registrant,” “we,” “us,” or “our” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K refer to Hana Biosciences, Inc., a Delaware corporation, unless the context indicates otherwise. Marqibo® is our U.S. registered trademark for our vincristine sulfate liposomes injections product candidate. Alocrest™ and Brakiva™ are our trademarks for our vinorelbine liposomes injection and topotecan liposomes injection product candidates, respectively. Optisome™ is our trademark for our liposome encapsulation technology, which we currently utilize with respect to our Marqibo, Alocrest and Brakiva product candidates. We have applied for registration for our Alocrest, Brakiva and Optisome trademarks, and for our Hana Biosciences logo, in the United States. All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are the properties of their respective owners.

 
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PART I
  
ITEM 1.         BUSINESS

Overview

We are a South San Francisco, California-based biopharmaceutical company dedicated to developing and commercializing new and differentiated cancer therapies designed to improve and enable current standards of care.  Our two lead product candidates target large markets.  We are developing Marqibo for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia and other blood cancers including lymphoma.  Menadione topical lotion is a first-in-class compound that we are developing for the potential prevention and/or treatment of skin toxicity associated with epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors.  We have additional pipeline opportunities that, like Marqibo, we believe may improve delivery and enhance the therapeutic benefits of well-characterized, proven chemotherapies and enable high potency dosing without increased toxicity.
  
Our executive offices are located at 7000 Shoreline Court, Suite 370, South San Francisco, California 94080. Our telephone number is (650) 588-6404 and our Internet address is www.hanabiosciences.com . We were originally incorporated under Delaware law in 2002 under the name Hudson Health Sciences, Inc. In July 2004, we acquired Email Real Estate.com, Inc., a Colorado corporation and public shell company in a reverse acquisition.  In September 2004, we reincorporated under Delaware law under the name Hana Biosciences, Inc.

Our Research and Development Programs
  
We currently have rights to the following product candidates in various stages of development.
 
·
Marqibo® (vincristine sulfate liposomes injection), our lead product candidate, is a novel, targeted Optisome™ encapsulated formulation product candidate of the FDA-approved anticancer drug vincristine, currently in development primarily for the treatment of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia, or ALL.
 
·
Menadione Topical Lotion, a novel supportive care product candidate being developed for the prevention and/or treatment of the skin toxicities associated with the use of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors, or EGFRIs, a type of anti-cancer agent used in the treatment of lung, colon, head and neck, pancreatic and breast cancer.

·
Brakiva™ (topotecan liposomes injection), a novel targeted Optisome™ encapsulated formulation product candidate of the FDA-approved anticancer drug topotecan, being developed for the treatment of solid tumors including small cell lung cancer and ovarian cancer.

·
Alocrest™ (vinorelbine liposomes injection), a novel, targeted Optisome™ encapsulated formulation product candidate of the FDA-approved anticancer drug vinorelbine.

Pursuant to a license agreement originally entered into with NovaDel Pharma, Inc. in October 2004, we also maintain certain rights to Zensana (ondansetron HCI) Oral Spray, which is being developed to alleviate chemotherapy and radiation-induced and post-operative nausea and vomiting.  In July 2007, we sublicensed our rights to develop and commercialize Zensana to Par Pharmaceutical, Inc. in exchange for upfront payment and other future consideration, including royalties.
 
Industry Background and Market Opportunity
 
Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by either the uncontrolled growth of cells or the failure of cells to function normally. Cancer is caused by a series of mutations, or alterations, in genes that control cells’ ability to grow and divide. These mutations cause cells to rapidly and continuously divide or lose their normal ability to die. There are more than 100 different varieties of cancer, which can be divided into six major categories. Carcinomas, the most common category, include breast, lung, colorectal and prostate cancer. Sarcomas begin in tissue that connects, supports or surrounds other tissues and organs. Lymphomas are cancers of the lymphatic system, a part of the body’s immune system. Leukemias are cancers of blood cells, which originate in the bone marrow. Brain tumors are cancers that begin in the brain, and skin cancers, including melanomas, originate in the skin. Cancers are considered metastatic if they spread via the blood or lymphatic system to other parts of the body to form secondary tumors.
 
According to the American Cancer Society, nearly 1.5 million new cases of cancer were expected to be diagnosed in 2009 in the United States alone. Cancer is the second leading cause of death, after heart disease, in the United States, and was expected to account for more than 562,000 deaths in 2009.    Major cancer treatments include surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Supportive care, such as blood cell growth factors, represents another major segment of the cancer treatment market. There are many different drugs that are used to offer supportive care and to treat cancer, including cytotoxics or antineoplastics, hormones and biologics. Major categories include:

 
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·
Chemotherapy. Cytotoxic chemotherapy refers to anticancer drugs that destroy cancer cells by stopping them from multiplying. Healthy cells can also be harmed with the use of cytotoxic chemotherapy, especially those that divide quickly. Cytotoxic agents act primarily on macromolecular synthesis, repair or activity, which affects the production or function of DNA, RNA or proteins. Our product candidates Marqibo, Alocrest and Brakiva are liposome encapsulated cytotoxic agents that we are currently evaluating for the treatment of solid tumor and hematological malignancies.

·
Supportive care. Cancer treatment can include the use of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biologic response modifiers, surgery or some combination of these or other therapeutic options. All of these treatment options are directed at killing or eradicating the cancer that exists in the patient’s body. Unfortunately, the delivery of many cancer therapies adversely affects the body’s normal organs. These complications of treatment or side effects not only cause discomfort, but may also prevent the optimal delivery of therapy to a patient at its maximal dose and time.  Our product candidate Menadione Topical Lotion is a supportive care product candidate designed to treat and prevent skin toxicities associated with the use of EGFRIs, a class of anti-cancer agents.

Our Strategy
 
We are a committed to developing and commercializing new, differentiated cancer therapies designed to improve and enable current standards of care. Key aspects of our strategy include:
 
·
Focus on developing innovative cancer therapies. We focus on oncology product candidates in order to capture efficiencies and economies of scale. We believe that drug development for cancer markets is particularly attractive because relatively small clinical trials can provide meaningful information regarding patient response and safety. Our main focus is the development of Marqibo, our lead product candidate.
 
·
Build a sustainable pipeline by employing multiple therapeutic approaches and disciplined decision criteria based on clearly defined proof of principle goals. We seek to build a sustainable product pipeline by employing multiple therapeutic approaches and by acquiring product candidates belonging to known drug classes. In addition, we employ disciplined decision criteria to assess product candidates. By pursuing this strategy, we seek to minimize our clinical development risk and accelerate the potential commercialization of current and future product candidates.  For a majority of our product candidates, we intend to pursue regulatory approval in multiple indications.

Product Pipeline
  
Background of Optisomal Targeted Drug Delivery   
  
Optisomal encapsulation is a novel method of liposomal drug delivery, which is designed to significantly increase tumor targeting and duration of exposure for cell-cycle specific anticancer agents. Optisomal drug delivery consists of using a generic FDA-approved cancer agent, such as vincristine, encapsulated in a lipid envelope composed of a unique, sphingomyelin/cholesterol composition. The encapsulated agent is carried through the bloodstream and delivered to disease sites where it is released to carry out its therapeutic action. When used in unencapsulated form, chemotherapeutic drugs diffuse indiscriminately throughout the body, diluting drug effectiveness and potentially causing toxic side effects in the patient’s healthy tissues. Our proprietary Optisomal formulation technology is designed to permit loading high concentrations of therapeutic agent inside the lipid envelope, which promotes accumulation of the drug in tumors and prolongs the drug’s release at disease sites. Non-clinical studies have demonstrated the Optisomal formulation technology’s ability to deliver dose intensification to the tumor, which we believe has the potential to increase the therapeutic benefit of the drug.

·
Targeted delivery with improved pharmacokinetics. In normal tissues, a continuous endothelial (blood vessel) lining constrains liposomes within capillaries, limiting accumulation of the drug in the healthy tissues. In contrast, the immature blood vessel system within tumors is created during tumor growth and has numerous gaps up to 800 nanometers in size. With an average diameter of approximately 100 nanometers, Optisomes can pass through these gaps.  Once lodged within the tumor interstitial space, these Optisomes gradually release the encapsulated drug. We believe that gradual release of the drug from Optisomes increases drug levels within the tumor, extends drug exposure through multiple cell cycles, and significantly increases tumor cell killing. A limited fraction of a patient’s tumor cells are in a particular drug-sensitive phase at any point in time, which we believe indicates that duration of drug exposure is critical to increased drug efficacy.

·
Increased drug concentration. The link between drug exposure and anti-tumor efficacy is especially pronounced for cell cycle-specific agents such as vincristine, vinorelbine and topotecan, which destroy tumor cells by interfering in one specific phase in cell division (e.g., the mitosis, synthesis and/or rapid growth phases).

 
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·
Prolonged exposure. The advanced liposomal technology of the capsule which protects the active drug increases the circulating half-life and is designed to extend the duration of drug release within cancerous tissues.

 
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Unmet Medical Needs in ALL
  
ALL is a type of cancer of the blood and bone marrow, the spongy tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. Acute leukemias progress rapidly and are characterized by the accumulation of immature blood cells. ALL affects a group of white blood cells, called lymphocytes, which fight infection and constitute our immune systems. Normally, bone marrow produces immature cells or stem cells, in a controlled way, and they mature and specialize into the various types of blood cells, as needed. In people with ALL, this production process breaks down. Abnorally large numbers of immature, abnormal lymphocytes called lymphoblasts are produced and released into the bloodstream. These abnormal cells are not able to mature and perform their usual functions. Furthermore, they multiply rapidly and can crowd out healthy blood cells like neutrophils and platelets, leaving an adult or child with ALL vulnerable to infection or bleeding. Leukemic cells can also collect in certain areas of the body, including the central nervous system and spinal cord, which can cause serious problems. According to the American Cancer Society, almost 6,000 people in the United States over the age of 15 were expected to be diagnosed with ALL in 2009, and over 1,400 people were expected to die.  Multiple clinical trials have suggested the overall survival rate for adults diagnosed with ALL is approximately 20% to 50%, underscoring the need for new therapeutic options.
 
Marqibo ® (vincristine sulfate liposomes injection)
 
Marqibo is a novel, targeted Optisome™ encapsulated formulation product candidate of the FDA-approved anticancer drug vincristine that we are primarily developing for the treatment of adult ALL. This encapsulation is designed to provide prolonged circulation of the drug in the blood and accumulation at the tumor site. These characteristics are intended to increase the effectiveness and potentially reduce the side effects of the encapsulated drug. Vincristine, a microtubule inhibitor, is FDA-approved for ALL and is widely used as a single agent and in combination regimens for treatment for hematologic malignancies such as lymphomas and leukemias.
 
Marqibo has been evaluated in 15 clinical trials with over 600 patients, including Phase 2 clinical trials in patients with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, or NHL and ALL. Based on the results from these studies, we conducted a global, Phase 2 clinical trial of Marqibo in adult Philadelphia chromosome negative ALL patients in second relapse, or those who have progressed following two prior lines of anti-leukemia therapy.  We refer to this clinical trial as the rALLy study.  The primary outcome measure was complete remission or CR, or complete remission without full hematologic recovery, or CRi.  The sample size is 56 evaluable subjects from up to 50 sites. In August 2009, we announced achievement of our enrollment goal of 56 evaluable subjects.  We chose to exceed the enrollment target to collect a more robust pharmacokinetic data set and in December 2009, we completed enrollment of the study total of 65 evaluable patients.  In December 2009, we announced top-line data on the first 56 patients enrolled in the trial.  The analysis demonstrated that of the first 56 patients dosed, the overall response rate was 36% with 12 patients or 21% achieving a CR or CRi.  The estimated median overall survival in responders was 7.3 months.  Subject to the final results of the rALLy study, we plan to initiate a rolling submission NDA filing seeking accelerated approval of Marqibo for the treatment of ALL in the second half of 2010. We also plan to conduct a confirmatory Phase 3 study of Marqibo.
 
In addition, we are conducting a Phase 2 study to assess the efficacy of Marqibo in patients with metastatic malignant uveal melanoma as determined by Disease Control Rate (CR, partial response or durable stable disease).  Secondary objectives are to assess the safety and antitumor activity of Marqibo as determined by response rate, progression free survival and overall survival. In addition, patients undergo continuous electrocardiographic evaluation during the first dose of Marqibo exposure.   The patient population is defined as adults with uveal melanoma and confirmed metastatic disease that is untreated.  We have enrolled 3 subjects to date and plan to enroll up to a total of approximately 20 subjects in this clinical trial.
 
Marqibo received a U.S. orphan drug designation in January 2007 as well as a European Commission orphan drug designation in June 2008 for the ALL indication. Marqibo also received a U.S. orphan drug designation in July 2008 for metastatic uveal melanoma. Marqibo received a fast track designation from the FDA in August 2007 for the treatment of adult ALL.   

 
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Menadione Topical Lotion (Supportive Care Product)
  
Menadione Topical Lotion, which we licensed from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, or AECOM, in October 2006, is a novel, product candidate under development for the treatment and/or prevention of skin rash associated with the use of EGFR inhibitors in the treatment of certain cancers. EGFR inhibitors, which include Tarceva, Erbitux, Iressa, Tykerb and Vectibix, are currently approved to treat non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic, colorectal, breast and head and neck cancer. EGFR inhibitors are associated with significant skin toxicities presenting as acne-like rash on the face, neck and upper-torso of the body in approximately 75% of patients.  Fifty percent of patients who manifest skin toxicity experience significant discomfort. This results in discontinuation or dose reduction in at least 10% and up to 30% of patients that receive the EGFR inhibitor.  Menadione, a small organic molecule, has been shown to activate the EGFR signaling pathway by inhibiting phosphatase activity which is an important enzyme in the EGFR pathway. In vivo studies have suggested that topically-applied Menadione may restore EGFR signaling specifically in the skin of patients treated systemically with EGFR inhibitors. Currently, there are no FDA-approved products or therapies available to treat these skin toxicities. We completed a Phase 1 clinical trial in cancer patients in December 2009 and another Phase 1 study in healthy volunteers in September 2008.  We are currently analyzing data from this study and plan to release the results in mid-2010.
 
Brakiva™ (topotecan liposomes injection)
  
Brakiva is our proprietary product candidate comprised of the anti-cancer drug topotecan encapsulated in Optisomes. Topotecan is FDA-approved for the treatment of metastatic carcinoma of the ovary after failure of initial or subsequent chemotherapy, and small cell lung cancer sensitive disease after failure of first-line chemotherapy.  In November 2008, we initiated a Phase 1 dose-escalation clinical trial of Brakiva, which is primarily designed to assess the safety, tolerability and maximum tolerated dose.

Alocrest™ (vinorelbine liposomes injection)
  
Alocrest is a novel Optisomal encapsulated formulation product candidate of the FDA-approved drug vinorelbine, a microtubule inhibitor for use as a single agent or in combination with cisplatin for the first-line treatment of unresectable, advanced non-small cell lung cancer. In February 2008, we completed enrollment in a Phase 1 study of Alocrest. The trial enrolled 30 adult subjects with confirmed solid tumors refractory to standard therapy or for which no standard therapy was known to exist. The objectives of the Phase 1 clinical trial were: (1) to assess the safety and tolerability of Alocrest; (2) to determine the maximum tolerated dose of Alocrest; (3) to characterize the pharmacokinetic profile of Alocrest; and (4) to explore preliminary efficacy of Alocrest. The study was conducted at the Cancer Therapy and Research Center and South Texas Accelerated Research Therapeutics (START), both located in San Antonio, Texas and at McGill University in Montreal.  Reversible neutropenia, a low white blood cell count, was the dose-limiting toxicity. The results of this study revealed expected toxicity, and a 50% disease control rate was achieved across a range of doses in patients with previously treated, advanced cancers.
  
License Agreements
  
Marqibo, Alocrest and Brakiva
  
In May 2006, we completed a transaction with Tekmira Pharmaceuticals Corporation, formerly Inex Pharmaceuticals Corporation, pursuant to which we acquired exclusive, worldwide rights to develop and commercialize Marqibo, Alocrest and Brakiva, which we collectively refer to as the Optisome products. The following is a summary of the various agreements entered into to consummate the transaction.
 
Tekmira License Agreement
 
Pursuant to the terms of a license agreement dated May 6, 2006, which was amended and restated on April 30, 2007, between us and Tekmira, Tekmira granted us:
 
·
an exclusive license under certain patents held by Tekmira to commercialize the Optisome products for all uses throughout the world;

·
an exclusive license under certain patents held by Tekmira to commercialize the Optisome products for all uses throughout the world under the terms of certain research agreements between Tekmira and the British Columbia Cancer Agency, or BCCA; and

·
an exclusive license to all technical information and know-how relating to the technology claimed in the patents held exclusively by Tekmira and to all confidential information possessed by Tekmira relating to the Optisome products, including all data, know-how, manufacturing information, specifications and trade secrets, collectively called the Tekmira Technology, to commercialize the Optisome products for all uses throughout the world.

We have the right to grant sublicenses to third parties and in such event we and Tekmira will share sublicensing revenue received by us at varying rates for each Optisome product depending on such Optisome product’s stage of clinical development.  Under the license agreement, we also granted back to Tekmira a limited, royalty-free, non-exclusive license in certain patents and technology owned or licensed to us solely for use in developing and commercializing liposomes having an active agent encapsulated, intercalated or entrapped therein.

We and Tekmira entered into an amendment to the license agreement in June 2009. The amendment is summarized as follows:

·
As amended, the amount of the milestone payment required to be made by the Company to Tekmira upon the FDA’s approval of a Marqibo NDA was increased.

 
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·
The original license agreement previously required us to make milestone payments upon the dosing of the first patient in any clinical trial of each of Alocrest and Brakiva.  Following the amendment, such milestones are payable following the FDA’s acceptance for review of an NDA for such product candidates.  In addition, the milestone payments payable under the license agreement upon the FDA’s approval of an NDA for Alocrest and Brakiva were both increased in amount.
 
·
Tekmira’s share of any payments received by us from third parties in consideration of sublicenses granted to such third parties or for royalties received by us from such third parties was reduced.
 
·
The maximum aggregate amount of milestone payments for all product candidates was increased from $30.5 million to $37.0 million.
 
As a result of this amendment, the Company reversed recognition of a previously accrued milestone payment to Tekmira which was achieved upon the enrollment of the first patient in the Company’s Phase 1 clinical trial in Brakiva

At our option, the milestones may be paid in cash or, subject to certain restrictions, shares of our common stock. In addition to the milestone payments, we agreed to pay royalties to Tekmira in the range of 5% to 10% based on net sales of the Optisome products, against which we may offset a portion of the research and development expenses we incur. In addition to our obligations to make milestone payments and pay royalties to Tekmira, we also assumed all of Tekmira’s obligations to its licensors and collaborators relating to the Optisome products, which include aggregate milestone payments of up to $2.5 million, annual license fees and additional royalties.

The license agreement provides that we will use our commercially reasonable efforts to develop each Optisome product, including causing the necessary and appropriate clinical trials to be conducted in order to obtain and maintain regulatory approval for each Optisome product and preparing and filing the necessary regulatory submissions for each Optisome product. We also agreed to provide Tekmira with periodic reports concerning the status of each Optisome product.
 
We are required to use commercially reasonable efforts to commercialize each Optisome product in each jurisdiction where an Optisome product has received regulatory approval. We will be deemed to have breached our commercialization obligations in the United States, or in Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy or Spain, if for a continuous period of 180 days at any time following commercial sales of an Optisome product in any such country, no sales of an Optisome product are made in the ordinary course of business in such country by us (or a sublicensee), unless the parties agree to such delay or unless we are prohibited from making sales by a reason beyond our control. If we breach this obligation, then Tekmira is entitled to terminate the license with respect to such Optisome product and for such country.

Under the license agreement, Tekmira will be the owner of patents and patent applications claiming priority to certain patents licensed to us, and we have an obligation to assign to Tekmira our rights to inventions covered by such patents or patent applications, and, when negotiating any joint venture, collaborative research, development, commercialization or other agreement with a third party, to require such third party to do the same.

The prosecution and maintenance of the licensed patents will be overseen by an IP committee having equal representation from us and Tekmira. We will have the right and obligation to file, prosecute and maintain most of the licensed patents, although Tekmira maintained primary responsibility to prosecute certain of the licensed patents.  The parties agreed to share the expenses of prosecution at varying rates.  We also have the first right, but not the obligation, to enforce such licensed patents against third party infringers, or to defend against any infringement action brought by any third party.

We agreed to indemnify Tekmira for all losses resulting from our breach of our representations and warranties, or other default under the license agreement, our breach of any regulatory requirements, regulations and guidelines in connection with the Optisome products, complaints alleging infringement against Tekmira with respect to our manufacture, use or sale of an Optisome product, and any injury or death to any person or damage to property caused by any Optisome product provided by us or our sublicensee, except to the extent such losses are due to Tekmira’s breach of a representation or warranty, Tekmira’s default under the agreement, and the breach by Tekmira of any regulatory requirements, regulations and guidelines in connection with licensed patent and related know-how. Tekmira has agreed to indemnify us for losses arising from Tekmira’s breach of representation or warranty, Tekmira’s default under the agreement, and the breach by Tekmira of any regulatory requirements, regulations and guidelines in connection with licensed patent and related know-how, except to the extent such losses are due to our breach of our representations and warranties, our default under the agreement, our breach of any regulatory requirements, regulations and guidelines in connection with the Optisome products, complaints alleging infringement against Tekmira with respect to our manufacture, use or sale of an Optisome product, and any injury or death to any person or damage to property caused by any Optisome product provided by us or our sublicensee.
  
Unless terminated earlier, the license grants made under the license agreement expire on a country-by-country basis upon the later of (i) the expiration of the last to expire patents covering each Optisome product in a particular country, (ii) the expiration of the last to expire period of product exclusivity covered by an Optisome product under the laws of such country, or (iii) with respect to the Tekmira Technology, on the date that all of the Tekmira Technology ceases to be confidential information. The covered issued patents are scheduled to expire between 2014 and 2021.

 
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Either we or Tekmira may terminate the license agreement in the event that the other has materially breached its obligations thereunder and fails to remedy such breach within 90 days following notice by the non-breaching party. If such breach is not cured, then the non-breaching party may, upon 6 months’ notice to the breaching party, terminate the license in respect of the Optisome products or countries to which the breach relates. Tekmira may also terminate the license if we assert or intend to assert any invalidity challenge on any of the patents licensed to us. The license agreement also provides that either party may, upon written notice, terminate the agreement in the event of the other’s bankruptcy, insolvency, dissolution or similar proceeding. In the event Tekmira validly terminates the license agreement, all data, materials, regulatory filings and all other documentation reverts to Tekmira.
 
In April 2007, Tekmira assigned to us its right and interest in and to a Patent and Technology License Agreement dated February 14, 2000 between Tekmira and M.D. Anderson Cancer Center.  As assigned to us, this agreement grants to us a royalty-bearing license to certain patents relating to Marqibo that are owned by M.D. Anderson.  As consideration for the license, we are required to pay to M.D. Anderson royalties on net sales of Marqibo, as well as an annual maintenance fee.  The M.D. Anderson license provides that we have the first right to prosecute and maintain the licensed patents at our expense.  In addition, we also have the first right to control any infringement claims against third parties. The M.D. Anderson license will be automatically terminated in the event we become bankrupt or insolvent, and may be terminated by M.D. Anderson in the event we default on our obligations under the agreement.
 
UBC Sublicense Agreement

In May 2006, we also entered into a sublicense agreement with Tekmira relating to Tekmira’s rights to certain patents it licensed from the University of British Columbia, or UBC. Under the UBC sublicense agreement, Tekmira granted to us an exclusive, worldwide sublicense under several patents relating to Alocrest and Brakiva, together with all knowledge, know-how, and techniques relating to such patents, called the UBC Technology. The UBC Technology is owned by UBC and licensed to Tekmira pursuant to a license agreement dated July 1, 1998. The UBC sublicense agreement provides that we will undertake all of Tekmira’s obligations contained in Tekmira’s license agreement with UBC, which includes the payment of royalties (in addition to the royalties owing to Tekmira under the license agreement between Tekmira and us) and an annual license fee. The provisions of the UBC sublicense agreement relating to our obligation to develop and commercialize the UBC Technology, termination and other material obligations are substantially similar to the terms of license agreement between Tekmira and us, as discussed above.
 
Assignment of Agreement with Elan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Pursuant to an Amended and Restated License Agreement dated April 3, 2003, between Tekmira (including two of its wholly-owned subsidiaries) and Elan Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Tekmira held a paid up, exclusive, worldwide license to certain patents, know-how and other intellectual property relating to vincristine sulfate liposomes. In connection with our transaction with Tekmira, Tekmira assigned to us all of its rights under the Elan license agreement pursuant to an Assignment and Novation Agreement dated May 6, 2006 among us, Tekmira and Elan.

As assigned to us, the Elan license agreement provides that Elan will own all improvements to the licensed patents or licensed know-how made by us or our sublicensees, which will in turn be licensed to us as part of the technology we license from Elan. Elan has the first right to file, prosecute and maintain all licensed patents and we have the right to do so if Elan decides that it does not wish to do so only pertaining to certain portions of the technology. Elan also has the first right to enforce such licensed patents and we may do so only if Elan elects not to enforce such patents. In addition, Elan has the right but not the obligation to control any infringement claim brought against Elan.

We have indemnification obligations to Elan for all losses arising from the research, testing, manufacture, transport, packaging, storage, handling, distribution, marketing, advertising, promotion or sale of the products by us, our affiliates or sublicensees, any personal injury suits brought against Elan, any infringement claim, certain third party agreements entered into by Elan, and any acts or omissions of any of our sublicensees.

The Elan license agreement, unless earlier terminated, will expire on a country by country basis, upon the expiration of the life of the last to expire licensed patent in that country. Elan may terminate the Elan license agreement earlier for our material breach upon 60 days’ written notice if we do not cure such breach within such 60 day period (we may extend such cure period for up to 90 days if we propose a course of action to cure the breach within the initial 60 day period and act in good faith to cure such breach), for our bankruptcy or going into liquidation upon 10 days’ written notice, or immediately if we, or our sublicense, directly or indirectly disputes the ownership, scope or validity of any of the licensed technology or support any such attack by a third party.

 
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Menadione

In October 2006, we entered into a license agreement with the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, a division of Yeshiva University, or the College. Pursuant to the agreement, we acquired an exclusive, worldwide, royalty-bearing license to certain patent applications, and other intellectual property relating to topical menadione. We are required to make milestone payments in the aggregate amount of $2.8 million upon the achievement of various clinical and regulatory milestones, as described in the agreement. We also agreed to pay annual maintenance fees, and to make royalty payments to the College on net sales of any products covered by a claim in any licensed patent. We may also grant sublicenses to the licensed patents and the proceeds resulting from such sublicenses will be shared with the College.

Zensana  (ondansetron HCI) Oral Spray

Our rights to Zensana were originally subject to the terms of an October 2004 license agreement with NovaDel Pharma, Inc. under which we obtained a royalty-bearing, exclusive right and license to develop and commercialize Zensana within the United States and Canada. Zensana is an oral spray formulation of the FDA approved drug odansetron. The technology licensed to us under the license agreement currently covers one United States issued patent, which expires in March 2022. In consideration for the license, we issued 73,121 shares of our common stock to NovaDel and agreed to make royalty payments to NovaDel based on a double-digit percentage of “net sales” (as defined in the agreement). In addition, we purchased from NovaDel (and continue to hold) 400,000 shares of its common stock at a price of $2.50 per share for an aggregate payment of $1 million. 

On July 31, 2007, we entered into a sublicense agreement with Par Pharmaceutical, Inc. and NovaDel, pursuant to which we granted to Par and its affiliates, and NovaDel consented to such grant, a royalty-bearing exclusive right and license to develop and commercialize Zensana within the United States and Canada. As agreed by us and NovaDel, Par assumed primary responsibility for the development, regulatory approval by the FDA, and sales and marketing of Zensana.
 
As additional consideration for the sublicense, following regulatory approval of Zensana, Par is required to pay us an additional one-time payment of $6.0 million, of which $5.0 million is payable by us to NovaDel pursuant to our obligations under our agreement with NovaDel. In addition, the sublicense agreement provides for an additional aggregate of $44.0 million in commercialization milestone payments based upon actual net sales of Zensana in the United States and Canada, which amounts are not subject to any corresponding obligations to NovaDel. We will also be entitled to royalty payments based on net sales of Zensana by Par or any of its affiliates in such territory, however, the amount of such royalty payments is generally equal to the same amount of royalties that we will owe NovaDel under the License Agreement, except to the extent that aggregate net sales of Zensana exceed a specified amount in the first 5 years following FDA approval of an NDA, in which case the royalty rate payable to us increases beyond its royalty obligation to NovaDel.
 
In order to give effect to and accommodate the terms of the sublicense agreement with Par, on July 31, 2007, we and NovaDel amended and restated our original October 2004 license agreement. The primary modifications to the amended and restated license agreement are as follows:

·
We relinquished our right under the original license agreement to reduced royalty rates to NovaDel until such time as we have recovered one-half of our costs and expenses incurred in developing Zensana from sales of Zensana or payments or other fees from a sublicensee;

·
NovaDel surrendered for cancellation all 73,121 shares of our common stock that it acquired upon the execution of the original license agreement;

·
We will have the right, but not the obligation, to exploit the licensed product in Canada;

·
We or our sublicensee must consummate the first commercial sale of the licensed product within 9 months of regulatory approval by the FDA of such product; and

·
If the sublicense agreement is terminated, we may elect to undertake further development of Zensana.

Intellectual Property
  
General

Patents and other proprietary rights are very important to the development of our business. We will be able to protect our proprietary technologies from unauthorized use by third parties only to the extent that our proprietary rights are covered by valid and enforceable patents or are effectively maintained as trade secrets. It is our intention to seek and maintain patent and trade secret protection for our product candidates and our proprietary technologies. As part of our business strategy, our policy is to actively file patent applications in the United States and internationally to cover methods of use, new chemical compounds, pharmaceutical compositions and dosing of the compounds and compositions and improvements in each of these. We also rely on trade secret information, technical know-how, innovation and agreements with third parties to continuously expand and protect our competitive position. We own, or license the rights to, a number of patents and patent applications related to our product candidates, but we cannot be certain that issued patents will be enforceable or provide adequate protection or that the pending patent applications will issue as patents.

 
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The patent positions of biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies are highly uncertain and involve complex legal and factual questions. Therefore, we cannot predict with certainty the breadth of claims allowed in biotechnology and pharmaceutical patents, or their enforceability. To date, there has been no consistent policy regarding the breadth of claims allowed in biotechnology patents. Third parties or competitors may challenge or circumvent our patents or patent applications, if issued. If our competitors prepare and file patent applications in the United States that claim technology also claimed by us, we may have to participate in interference proceedings declared by the United States Patent and Trademark Office to determine priority of invention, which could result in substantial cost, even if the eventual outcome is favorable to us. Because of the extensive time required for development, testing and regulatory review of a potential product, it is possible that before we commercialize any of our product candidates, any related patent may expire or remain in existence for only a short period following commercialization, thus reducing any advantage of the patent.

If patents are issued to others containing preclusive or conflicting claims and these claims are ultimately determined to be valid, we may be required to obtain licenses to these patents or to develop or obtain alternative technology. Our breach of an existing license or failure to obtain a license to technology required to commercialize our products may seriously harm our business. We also may need to commence litigation to enforce any patents issued to us or to determine the scope and validity of third-party proprietary rights. Litigation would create substantial costs. An adverse outcome in litigation could subject us to significant liabilities to third parties and require us to seek licenses of the disputed rights from third parties or to cease using the technology if such licenses are unavailable.

Optisomal product candidates

Pursuant to our license agreement with Tekmira and related sublicense with UBC, we have exclusive rights to 13 issued U.S. patents, 77 issued foreign patents, 5 pending U.S. patent applications and 20 pending foreign applications, covering composition of matter, method of use and treatment, formulation and process. These patents and patent applications cover sphingosome based pharmaceutical compositions including Marqibo, Alocrest and Brakiva, formulation, dosage, process of making the liposome compositions, and methods of use of the compositions in the treatment cancer, relapsed cancer, and solid tumors. The earliest of these issued patents expires in 2014 and the last of the issued patents expires in 2021.

Menadione

We have exclusive, worldwide rights to a patent family consisting of 6 pending foreign patent applications and 1 pending U.S. patent application pursuant to our October 2006 license agreement with AECOM. These patent applications cover, pharmaceutical compositions and methods of use (e.g., methods of treating and preventing a skin rash secondary to an anti-epidermal growth factor receptor therapy). If any U.S. or foreign patent issues from these applications, such a patent would be scheduled to expire in 2026, excluding any patent term extensions.
 
In addition, we solely own 2 pending provisional U.S. patent applications.  These applications cover topical formulations of menadione and methods of use of the formulations. If any U.S. or foreign patent issues from these applications, such a patent would be scheduled to expire in 2029, excluding any patent term extensions.

Zensana

On July 31, 2007, we entered into a definitive agreement providing for the sublicense of all our rights to any patents related to Zensana to Par Pharmaceutical, Inc.  See “License Agreements – Zensana.”  Under this agreement, Par Pharmaceutical agreed to take on full responsibility to discharge patent prosecution and enforcement for all patents related to the Zensana product candidate.

Other Intellectual Property Rights

We also depend upon trademarks, trade secrets, know-how and continuing technological advances to develop and maintain our competitive position. To maintain the confidentiality of trade secrets and proprietary information, we require our employees, scientific advisors, consultants and collaborators, upon commencement of a relationship with us, to execute confidentiality agreements and, in the case of parties other than our research and development collaborators, to agree to assign their inventions to us. These agreements are designed to protect our proprietary information and to grant us ownership of technologies that are developed in connection with their relationship with us. These agreements may not, however, provide protection for our trade secrets in the event of unauthorized disclosure of such information.

In addition to patent protection, we may utilize orphan drug regulations to provide market exclusivity for certain of our product candidates. The orphan drug regulations of the FDA provide incentives to pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies to develop and manufacture drugs for the treatment of rare diseases, currently defined as diseases that exist in fewer than 200,000 individuals in the United States, or, diseases that affect more than 200,000 individuals in the United States but that the sponsor does not realistically anticipate will generate a net profit. Under these provisions, a manufacturer of a designated orphan drug can seek tax benefits, and the holder of the first FDA approval of a designated orphan product will be granted a seven-year period of marketing exclusivity for such FDA-approved orphan product. We believe that certain of the indications for our product candidates will be eligible for orphan drug designation; however, we cannot assure you that our drugs will obtain such orphan drug designation or will be the first to reach the market and provide us with such market exclusivity protection.    

 
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Government Regulation and Product Approval

The FDA and comparable regulatory agencies in state and local jurisdictions and in foreign countries impose substantial requirements upon the testing (preclinical and clinical), manufacturing, labeling, storage, recordkeeping, advertising, promotion, import, export, marketing and distribution, among other things, of drugs and drug product candidates. If we do not comply with applicable requirements, we may be fined, the government may refuse to approve our marketing applications or allow us to manufacture or market our products, and we may be criminally prosecuted.  We and our manufacturers may also be subject to regulations under other United States federal, state, and local laws.

United States Government Regulation

In the United States, the FDA regulates drugs under the FDCA and implementing regulations. The process required by the FDA before our product candidates may be marketed in the United States generally involves the following (although the FDA is given wide discretion to impose different or more stringent requirements on a case-by-case basis):

·
completion of extensive preclinical laboratory tests, preclinical animal studies and formulation studies, all performed in accordance with the FDA’s good laboratory practice regulations and other regulations;

·
submission to the FDA of an IND application which must become effective before clinical trials may begin;

·
performance of multiple adequate and well-controlled clinical trials meeting FDA requirements to establish the safety and efficacy of the product candidate for each proposed indication;

·
submission of an NDA to the FDA;

·
satisfactory completion of an FDA pre-approval inspection of the manufacturing facilities at which the product candidate is produced, and potentially other involved facilities as well, to assess compliance with current good manufacturing practice, or cGMP, regulations and other applicable regulations; and

·
the FDA review and approval of the NDA prior to any commercial marketing, sale or shipment of the drug.
 
The testing and approval process requires substantial time, effort and financial resources, and we cannot be certain that any approvals for our product candidates will be granted on a timely basis, if at all. Risks to us related to these regulations are described under Item 1A of this Annual Report under the subheading “Risks Related to the Clinical Testing, Regulatory Approval and Manufacturing of our Product Candidates.”
  
Preclinical tests may include laboratory evaluation of product chemistry, formulation and stability, as well as studies to evaluate toxicity and other effects in animals. The results of preclinical tests, together with manufacturing information and analytical data, among other information, are submitted to the FDA as part of an IND application. Subject to certain exceptions, an IND becomes effective 30 days after receipt by the FDA, unless the FDA, within the 30-day time period, issues a clinical hold to delay a proposed clinical investigation due to concerns or questions about the conduct of the clinical trial, including concerns that human research subjects will be exposed to unreasonable health risks. In such a case, the IND sponsor and the FDA must resolve any outstanding concerns before the clinical trial can begin. Our submission of an IND, or those of our collaboration partners, may not result in the FDA authorization to commence a clinical trial. A separate submission to an existing IND must also be made for each successive clinical trial conducted during product development. The FDA must also approve changes to an existing IND. Further, an independent institutional review board, or IRB, for each medical center proposing to conduct the clinical trial must review and approve the plan for any clinical trial before it commences at that center and it must monitor the study until completed. The FDA, the IRB or the sponsor may suspend a clinical trial at any time on various grounds, including a finding that the subjects or patients are being exposed to an unacceptable health risk. Clinical testing also must satisfy extensive Good Clinical Practice requirements and regulations for informed consent.
  
Clinical Trials

For purposes of NDA submission and approval, clinical trials are typically conducted in the following three sequential phases, which may overlap (although additional or different trials may be required by the FDA as well):

·
Phase 1 clinical trials are initially conducted in a limited population to test the drug candidate for safety, dose tolerance, absorption, metabolism, distribution and excretion in healthy humans or, on occasion, in patients, such as cancer patients. In some cases, particularly in cancer trials, a sponsor may decide to conduct what is referred to as a “Phase 1b” evaluation, which is a second safety-focused Phase 1 clinical trial typically designed to evaluate the impact of the drug candidate in combination with currently FDA-approved drugs.

 
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·
Phase 2 clinical trials are generally conducted in a limited patient population to identify possible adverse effects and safety risks, to determine the efficacy of the drug candidate for specific targeted indications and to determine dose tolerance and optimal dosage. Multiple Phase 2 clinical trials may be conducted by the sponsor to obtain information prior to beginning larger and more expensive Phase 3 clinical trials. In some cases, a sponsor may decide to conduct what is referred to as a “Phase 2b” evaluation, which is a second, confirmatory Phase 2 clinical trial that could, if positive and accepted by the FDA, serve as a pivotal clinical trial in the approval of a drug candidate.

·
Phase 3 clinical trials are commonly referred to as pivotal trials. When Phase 2 clinical trials demonstrate that a dose range of the drug candidate is effective and has an acceptable safety profile, Phase 3 clinical trials are undertaken in large patient populations to further evaluate dosage, to provide substantial evidence of clinical efficacy and to further test for safety in an expanded and diverse patient population at multiple, geographically dispersed clinical trial sites.

New Drug Application
  
The results of drug candidate development, preclinical testing and clinical trials, together with, among other things, detailed information on the manufacture and composition of the product and proposed labeling, and the payment of a user fee, are submitted to the FDA as part of an NDA. The FDA reviews all NDAs submitted before it accepts them for filing and may request additional information rather than accepting an NDA for filing. Once an NDA is accepted for filing, the FDA begins an in-depth review of the application.
  
During its review of an NDA, the FDA may refer the application to an advisory committee for review, evaluation and recommendation as to whether the application should be approved. The FDA may refuse to approve an NDA and issue a not approvable letter if the applicable regulatory criteria are not satisfied, or it may require additional clinical or other data, including one or more additional pivotal Phase III clinical trials. Even if such data are submitted, the FDA may ultimately decide that the NDA does not satisfy the criteria for approval. Data from clinical trials are not always conclusive and the FDA may interpret data differently than we or our collaboration partners interpret data. If the FDA’s evaluations of the NDA and the clinical and manufacturing procedures and facilities are favorable, the FDA may issue either an approval letter or an approvable letter, which contains the conditions that must be met in order to secure final approval of the NDA. If and when those conditions have been met to the FDA’s satisfaction, the FDA will issue an approval letter, authorizing commercial marketing of the drug for certain indications. The FDA may withdraw drug approval if ongoing regulatory requirements are not met or if safety problems occur after the drug reaches the market. In addition, the FDA may require testing, including Phase IV clinical trials, and surveillance programs to monitor the effect of approved products that have been commercialized, and the FDA has the power to prevent or limit further marketing of a drug based on the results of these post-marketing programs. Drugs may be marketed only for the FDA-approved indications and in accordance with the FDA-approved label. Further, if there are any modifications to the drug, including changes in indications, other labeling changes, or manufacturing processes or facilities, we may be required to submit and obtain FDA approval of a new NDA or NDA supplement, which may require us to develop additional data or conduct additional preclinical studies and clinical trials.
 
The Hatch-Waxman Act
  
Under the Hatch-Waxman Act, newly-approved drugs and new conditions of use may benefit from a statutory period of non-patent marketing exclusivity. The Hatch-Waxman Act provides five-year marketing exclusivity to the first applicant to gain approval of an NDA for a new chemical entity, meaning that the FDA has not previously approved any other new drug containing the same active entity. The Hatch-Waxman Act prohibits the submission of an abbreviated NDA, or ANDA, or a Section 505(b)(2) NDA for another version of such drug during the five-year exclusive period; however, submission of a Section 505(b)(2) NDA or an ANDA for a generic version of a previously-approved drug containing a paragraph IV certification is permitted after four years, which may trigger a 30-month stay of approval of the ANDA or Section 505(b)(2) NDA. Protection under the Hatch-Waxman Act does not prevent the submission or approval of another “full” 505(b)(1) NDA; however, the applicant would be required to conduct its own preclinical and adequate and well-controlled clinical trials to demonstrate safety and effectiveness. The Hatch-Waxman Act also provides three years of marketing exclusivity for the approval of new and supplemental NDAs, including Section 505(b)(2) NDAs, for, among other things, new indications, dosages, or strengths of an existing drug, if new clinical investigations that were conducted or sponsored by the applicant are essential to the approval of the application. Some of our product candidates may qualify for Hatch-Waxman non-patent marketing exclusivity.

In addition to non-patent marketing exclusivity, the Hatch-Waxman Act amended the FDCA to require each NDA sponsor to submit with its application information on any patent that claims the drug for which the applicant submitted the NDA or that claims a method of using such drug and with respect to which a claim of patent infringement could reasonably be asserted if a person not licensed by the owner engaged in the manufacture, use, or sale of the drug. Generic applicants that wish to rely on the approval of a drug listed in the Orange Book must certify to each listed patent, as discussed above. We intend to submit for Orange Book listing all relevant patents for our product candidates.

Finally, the Hatch-Waxman Act amended the patent laws so that certain patents related to products regulated by the FDA are eligible for a patent term extension if patent life was lost during a period when the product was undergoing regulatory review, and if certain criteria are met. We intend to seek patent term extensions, provided our patents and products, if they are approved, meet applicable eligibility requirements.

 
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Orphan Drug Designation and Exclusivity
 
The FDA may grant orphan drug designation to drugs intended to treat a rare disease or condition, which generally is a disease or condition that affects fewer than 200,000 individuals in the United States. Orphan drug designation must be requested before submitting an NDA. If the FDA grants orphan drug designation, which it may not, the identity of the therapeutic agent and its potential orphan use are publicly disclosed by the FDA. Orphan drug designation does not convey an advantage in, or shorten the duration of, the review and approval process. If a product which has an orphan drug designation subsequently receives the first FDA approval for the indication for which it has such designation, the product is entitled to seven years of orphan drug exclusivity, meaning that the FDA may not approve any other applications to market the same drug for the same indication for a period of seven years, except in limited circumstances, such as a showing of clinical superiority to the product with orphan exclusivity (superior efficacy, safety, or a major contribution to patient care or situations of manufacturing “short supply”). Orphan drug designation does not prevent competitors from developing or marketing different drugs for that indication. We received orphan drug status for Marqibo in January 2007, for the treatment of ALL.
 
Under European Union medicines laws, the criteria for designating a product as an “orphan medicine” are similar but somewhat different from those in the United States. A drug is designated as an orphan drug if the sponsor can establish that the drug is intended for a life-threatening or chronically debilitating condition affecting no more than five in 10,000 persons in the European Union or that is unlikely to be profitable, and if there is no approved satisfactory treatment or if the drug would be a significant benefit to those persons with the condition. Orphan medicines are entitled to ten years of marketing exclusivity, except under certain limited circumstances comparable to United States law. During this period of marketing exclusivity, no “similar” product, whether or not supported by full safety and efficacy data, will be approved unless a second applicant can establish that its product is safer, more effective or otherwise clinically superior. This period may be reduced to six years if the conditions that originally justified orphan designation change or the sponsor makes excessive profits.   
 
Fast Track Designation
 
The FDA’s fast track program is intended to facilitate the development and to expedite the review of drugs that are intended for the treatment of a serious or life-threatening condition and that demonstrate the potential to address unmet medical needs. Under the fast track program, applicants may seek traditional approval for a product based on data demonstrating an effect on a clinically meaningful endpoint, or approval based on a well-established surrogate endpoint.  The sponsor of a new drug candidate may request the FDA to designate the drug candidate for a specific indication as a fast track drug at the time of original submission of its IND, or at any time thereafter prior to receiving marketing approval of a marketing application. The FDA will determine if the drug candidate qualifies for fast track designation within 60 days of receipt of the sponsor’s request. In August 2007, w received fast track designation for Marqibo for the treatment of adult ALL
 
If the FDA grants fast track designation, it may initiate review of sections of an NDA before the application is complete. This so-called “rolling review” is available if the applicant provides and the FDA approves a schedule for the submission of the remaining information and the applicant has paid applicable user fees. The FDA’s PDUFA review clock for both a standard and priority NDA for a fast track product does not begin until the complete application is submitted. Additionally, fast track designation may be withdrawn by the FDA if it believes that the designation is no longer supported by emerging data, or if the designated drug development program is no longer being pursued.   
 
In some cases, a fast track designated drug candidate may also qualify for one or more of the following programs:

·
Priority Review.  As explained above, a drug candidate may be eligible for a six-month priority review. The FDA assigns priority review status to an application if the drug candidate provides a significant improvement compared to marketed drugs in the treatment, diagnosis or prevention of a disease. A fast track drug would ordinarily meet the FDA’s criteria for priority review, but may also be assigned a standard review. We do not know whether any of our drug candidates will be assigned priority review status or, if priority review status is assigned, whether that review or approval will be faster than conventional FDA procedures, or that the FDA will ultimately approve the drug.

·
Accelerated Approval.  Under the FDA’s accelerated approval regulations, the FDA is authorized to approve drug candidates that have been studied for their safety and efficacy in treating serious or life-threatening illnesses and that provide meaningful therapeutic benefit to patients over existing treatments based upon either a surrogate endpoint that is reasonably likely to predict clinical benefit or on the basis of an effect on a clinical endpoint other than patient survival or irreversible morbidity. In clinical trials, surrogate endpoints are alternative measurements of the symptoms of a disease or condition that are substituted for measurements of observable clinical symptoms. A drug candidate approved on this basis is subject to rigorous post-marketing compliance requirements, including the completion of randomized post-approval clinical trials to validate the surrogate endpoint or confirm the effect on the clinical endpoint. Failure to conduct required post-approval studies with due diligence, or to validate a surrogate endpoint or confirm a clinical benefit during post-marketing studies, may cause the FDA to seek to withdraw the drug from the market on an expedited basis. All promotional materials for drug candidates approved under accelerated regulations are subject to prior review by the FDA.

 
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We plan to pursue accelerated approval for our product candidate Marqibo, subject to the results of the rALLy trial.  There is no assurance that the FDA will grant accelerated approval of Marqibo based on the rALLy trial.  Instead, the FDA may require us to conduct the Phase 3 confirmatory study of Marqibo to obtain full approval.  We and our collaboration partners intend to seek fast track designation, accelerated approval or priority review for our other product candidates, when appropriate. We cannot predict whether any of our product candidates will obtain fast track, accelerated approval, or priority review designation, or the ultimate impact, if any, of these expedited review mechanisms on the timing or likelihood of the FDA approval of any of our product candidates.
 
Satisfaction of the FDA regulations and approval requirements or similar requirements of foreign regulatory agencies typically takes several years, and the actual time required may vary substantially based upon the type, complexity and novelty of the product or disease. Typically, if a drug candidate is intended to treat a chronic disease, as is the case with some of the product candidates we are developing, safety and efficacy data must be gathered over an extended period of time. Government regulation may delay or prevent marketing of drug candidates for a considerable period of time and impose costly procedures upon our activities. The FDA or any other regulatory agency may not grant approvals for changes in dosage form or new indications for our product candidates on a timely basis, or at all. Even if a drug candidate receives regulatory approval, the approval may be significantly limited to specific disease states, patient populations and dosages. Further, even after regulatory approval is obtained, later discovery of previously unknown problems with a drug may result in restrictions on the drug or even complete withdrawal of the drug from the market. Delays in obtaining, or failures to obtain, regulatory approvals for any of our product candidates would harm our business. In addition, we cannot predict what adverse governmental regulations may arise from future United States or foreign governmental action.
 
Pediatric Studies and Exclusivity
 
The FDA provides an additional six months of non-patent marketing exclusivity and patent protection for any such protections listed in the Orange Book for new or marketed drugs if a sponsor conducts specific pediatric studies at the written request of the FDA. The Pediatric Research Equity Act of 2003, or PREA, authorizes the FDA to require pediatric studies for drugs to ensure the drugs’ safety and efficacy in children. PREA requires that certain new NDAs or NDA supplements contain data assessing the safety and effectiveness for the claimed indication in all relevant pediatric subpopulations. Dosing and administration must be supported for each pediatric subpopulation for which the drug is safe and effective. The FDA may also require this data for approved drugs that are used in pediatric patients for the labeled indication, or where there may be therapeutic benefits over existing products. The FDA may grant deferrals for submission of data, or full or partial waivers from PREA. PREA pediatric assessments may qualify for pediatric exclusivity. Unless otherwise required by regulation, PREA does not apply to any drug for an indication with orphan designation. We may also seek pediatric exclusivity for conducting any required pediatric assessments.
 
Other Regulatory Requirements
 
Any drugs manufactured or distributed by us or our collaboration partners pursuant to future FDA approvals are subject to continuing regulation by the FDA, including recordkeeping requirements and reporting of adverse experiences associated with the drug. Drug manufacturers and their subcontractors are required to register with the FDA and certain state agencies, and are subject to periodic unannounced inspections by the FDA and certain state agencies for compliance with ongoing regulatory requirements, including cGMP, which impose certain procedural and documentation requirements upon us and our third-party manufacturers. Failure to comply with the statutory and regulatory requirements can subject a manufacturer to possible legal or regulatory action, such as warning letters, suspension of manufacturing, sales or use, seizure of product, injunctive action or possible civil penalties. We cannot be certain that we or our present or future third-party manufacturers or suppliers will be able to comply with the cGMP regulations and other ongoing FDA regulatory requirements. If our present or future third-party manufacturers or suppliers are not able to comply with these requirements, the FDA may halt our clinical trials, require us to recall a drug from distribution, or withdraw approval of the NDA for that drug.
 
The FDA closely regulates the post-approval marketing and promotion of drugs, including standards and regulations for direct-to-consumer advertising, off-label promotion, industry-sponsored scientific and educational activities and promotional activities involving the Internet. A company can make only those claims relating to safety and efficacy that are approved by the FDA. Failure to comply with these requirements can result in adverse publicity, warning and/or untitled letters, corrective advertising and potential civil and criminal penalties.

 
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Foreign Regulation
 
In addition to regulations in the United States, we will be subject to a variety of foreign regulations governing clinical trials and commercial sales and distribution of our future products. Whether or not we obtain FDA approval for a product, we must obtain approval of a product by the comparable regulatory authorities of foreign countries before we can commence clinical trials or marketing of the product in those countries. The approval process varies from country to country, and the time may be longer or shorter than that required for FDA approval. The requirements governing the conduct of clinical trials, product licensing, pricing and reimbursement vary greatly from country to country.
  
Under European Union regulatory systems, marketing authorizations may be submitted either under a centralized or mutual recognition procedure. The centralized procedure provides for the grant of a single marking authorization that is valid for all European Union member states. The mutual recognition procedure provides for mutual recognition of national approval decisions. Under this procedure, the holder of a national marking authorization may submit an application to the remaining member states. Within 90 days of receiving the applications and assessment report, each member state must decide whether to recognize approval.
  
In addition to regulations in Europe and the United States, we will be subject to a variety of foreign regulations governing clinical trials and commercial distribution of our future products.
 
Reimbursement
  
In many of the markets where we intend to commercialize a product following regulatory approval, the prices of pharmaceutical products are subject to direct price controls by law and to drug reimbursement programs with varying price control mechanisms.
  
In the United States, there has been an increased focus on drug pricing in recent years. Although there are currently no direct government price controls over private sector purchases in the United States, federal legislation requires pharmaceutical manufacturers to pay prescribed rebates on certain drugs to enable them to be eligible for reimbursement under certain public health care programs such as Medicaid. Various states have adopted further mechanisms under Medicaid and otherwise that seek to control drug prices, including by disfavoring certain higher priced drugs and by seeking supplemental rebates from manufacturers. Managed care has also become a potent force in the market place that increases downward pressure on the prices of pharmaceutical products. Federal legislation, enacted in December 2003, has altered the way in which physician-administered drugs covered by Medicare are reimbursed. Under the new reimbursement methodology, physicians are reimbursed based on a product’s “average sales price,” or ASP. This new reimbursement methodology has generally led to lower reimbursement levels. The new federal legislation also has added an outpatient prescription drug benefit to Medicare, effective January 2006. In the interim, Congress has established a discount drug card program for Medicare beneficiaries. Both benefits will be provided primarily through private entities, which will attempt to negotiate price concessions from pharmaceutical manufacturers.
  
Public and private health care payors control costs and influence drug pricing through a variety of mechanisms, including through negotiating discounts with the manufacturers and through the use of tiered formularies and other mechanisms that provide preferential access to certain drugs over others within a therapeutic class. Payors also set other criteria to govern the uses of a drug that will be deemed medically appropriate and therefore reimbursed or otherwise covered. In particular, many public and private health care payors limit reimbursement and coverage to the uses of a drug that are either approved by the FDA or that are supported by other appropriate evidence (for example, published medical literature) and appear in a recognized drug compendium. Drug compendia are publications that summarize the available medical evidence for particular drug products and identify which uses of a drug are supported or not supported by the available evidence, whether or not such uses have been approved by the FDA. For example, in the case of Medicare coverage for physician-administered oncology drugs, the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993, with certain exceptions, prohibits Medicare carriers from refusing to cover unapproved uses of an FDA-approved drug if the unapproved use is supported by one or more citations in the American Hospital Formulary Service Drug Information, the American Medical Association Drug Evaluations, or the U.S. Pharmacopoeia Drug Information. Another commonly cited compendium, for example under Medicaid, is the DRUGDEX Information System.
 
Different pricing and reimbursement schemes exist in other countries. For example, in the European Union, governments influence the price of pharmaceutical products through their pricing and reimbursement rules and control of national health care systems that fund a large part of the cost of such products to consumers. The approach taken varies from member state to member state. Some jurisdictions operate positive and/or negative list systems under which products may only be marketed once a reimbursement price has been agreed. Other member states allow companies to fix their own prices for medicines, but monitor and control company profits. The downward pressure on health care costs in general, particularly prescription drugs, has become very intense. As a result, increasingly high barriers are being erected to the entry of new products, as exemplified by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence in the UK, which evaluates the data supporting new medicines and passes reimbursement recommendations to the government. In addition, in some countries cross-border imports from low-priced markets (parallel imports) exert a commercial pressure on pricing within a country.
 
Manufacturing
  
We currently rely on a number of third-parties, including contract manufacturing organizations and our collaborative partners, to produce our compounds. Marqibo requires three separate ingredients, sphingomyelin/cholesterol liposomes for injection (SCLI), vincristine sulfate injection (VSI), and sodium phosphate for injection (SPI), all of which are handled by separate suppliers.  SCLI is manufactured by Cangene Corporation, VSI is manufactured by Hospira and SPI is manufactured by Hollister-Steir Laboratories.  Alocrest and Brakiva are both manufactured by Gilead.  For Menadione, we have contracted with Contract Pharmaceuticals Limited.

 
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Competition
 
We compete primarily in the segment of the biopharmaceutical market that addresses cancer and cancer supportive care, which is highly competitive. We face significant competition from many pharmaceutical, biopharmaceutical and biotechnology companies that are researching and selling products designed to address cancer in this market. Many of our competitors have significantly greater financial, manufacturing, marketing and drug development resources than we do. Large pharmaceutical companies in particular have extensive experience in clinical testing and in obtaining regulatory approvals for drugs. These companies also have significantly greater research capabilities than we do. In addition, many universities and private and public research institutes are active in cancer research. We also compete with commercial biotechnology companies for the rights to product candidates developed by public and private research institutes. Smaller or early-stage companies are also significant competitors, particularly those with collaborative arrangements with large and established companies.
 
We believe that our ability to successfully compete will depend on, among other things:

·
our ability to develop novel compounds with attractive pharmaceutical properties and to secure and protect intellectual property rights based on our innovations;

·
the efficacy, safety and reliability of our product candidates;

·
the speed at which we develop our product candidates;

·
our ability to design and successfully complete appropriate clinical trials;

·
our ability to maintain a good relationship with regulatory authorities;

·
the timing and scope of regulatory approvals;

·
our ability to manufacture and sell commercial quantities of future products to the market or enter into strategic partnership agreements with others; and

·
acceptance of future products by physicians and other healthcare providers.

Research and Development Expenses
 
Research and development expenses, which include salaries and related personnel costs, fees paid to consultants and outside service providers for laboratory development, manufacturing, legal expenses resulting from intellectual property protection, business development and organizational affairs and other expenses relating to the acquiring, design, development, testing, and enhancement of our product candidates, including milestone payments for licensed technology, are the primary source of our overall expenses.  Research and development expenses totaled $15.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 and $18.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2008.
 
Employees

As of December 31, 2009, we employed 25 full-time employees and no part-time employees.  All employees are based at our South San Francisco office. None of our employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. We believe our relationship with our employees to be good.
 
Additional Information
 
Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to these reports filed or furnished pursuant to Sections 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act are available free of charge via our website (www.hanabiosciences.com) as soon as reasonably practicable after they are filed with, or furnished to, the SEC.

 
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ITEM 1A.        RISK FACTORS
  
Investment in our common stock involves significant risk. You should carefully consider the information described in the following risk factors, together with the other information appearing elsewhere in this prospectus, before making an investment decision regarding our common stock. If any of these risks actually occur, our business, financial conditions, results of operation and future growth prospects would likely be materially and adversely affected. In these circumstances, the market price of our common stock could decline, and you may lose all or a part of your investment in our common stock. Moreover, the risks described below are not the only ones that we face. Additional risks not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also affect our business, operating results, prospects or financial condition.

Risks Related to Our Business
 
We need to raise additional capital to fund our planned operations beyond mid-2010. If we are unable to raise additional capital when needed, we will have to discontinue our product development programs or relinquish our rights to some or all of our product candidates. The manner in which we raise any additional funds may affect the value of your investment in our common stock.

 We believe that our currently available capital is only sufficient to fund our operations into mid-2010.  Given our desired clinical development plans for the next 12 months, our financial statements reflect an uncertainty about our ability to continue as a going concern, which is also stated in the report from our auditors on the audit of our financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2009.  Accordingly, we need additional capital to fund our operations beyond such point.  Further, our available capital may be consumed sooner than we anticipate depending on a variety of factors, including:

 
·
costs associated with conducting our ongoing and planned clinical trials and regulatory development activities;

 
·
costs, timing and outcome of regulatory reviews;

 
·
costs of establishing arrangements for manufacturing our product candidates;

 
·
costs associated with commercializing our lead programs, including establishing sales and marketing functions;

 
·
payments required under our current and any future license agreements and collaborations;

 
·
costs of obtaining, maintaining and defending patents on our product candidates; and

 
·
costs of acquiring any new drug candidates.

 Since we do not generate any recurring revenue, the most likely sources of such additional capital include private placements of our equity securities, including our common stock, debt financing or from a potential strategic licensing or collaboration transaction involving the rights to one or more of our product candidates.  To the extent that we raise additional capital by issuing equity securities, our stockholders will likely experience significant dilution. We may also grant future investors rights superior to those of our current stockholders. If we raise additional funds through collaborations and licensing arrangements, it may be necessary to relinquish some rights to our technologies, product candidates or products, or grant licenses on terms that are not favorable to us. If we raise additional funds by incurring debt, we could incur significant interest expense and become subject to covenants in the related transaction documentation that could affect the manner in which we conduct our business.
  
 However, we have no committed sources of additional capital and our access to capital funding is always uncertain. This uncertainty is exacerbated due to the ongoing global economic turmoil, which has severely restricted access to the U.S. and international capital markets, particularly for small biopharmaceutical and biotechnology companies like us. Accordingly, despite our ability to secure adequate capital in the past, there is no assurance that additional equity or debt financing will be available to us when needed, on acceptable terms or even at all. If we fail to obtain the necessary additional capital when needed, we will be forced to significantly curtail our planned research and development activities, which will cause a delay in our drug development programs.  If we do not obtain additional capital before we have consumed our currently available resources, we may be forced to cease our operations altogether, in which case you will lose your entire investment in our company.

 
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Our business is substantially dependent on the results of our ongoing rALLy study of Marqibo and our ability to obtain accelerated approval of Marqibo.

A substantial portion of our current human and financial resources is focused in the development of Marqibo, our lead product candidate.  We are currently evaluating Marqibo in a global, registration-enabling Phase 2 clinical trial in adult Philadelphia chromosome negative ALL patients in second relapse or those who have progressed following two prior lines of therapy.  We refer to this Phase 2 clinical trial as the rALLy study.  The primary outcome measure of the rALLy study is complete remission, or CR, or CR without full hematological recovery, or CRi.  Our target enrollment for the rALLy study is 65 patients, which we achieved in December 2009.  In December 2009, we announced preliminary data indicating that of the first 56 patients dosed in the study, 12 patients, or 21 % of the first 56 patients enrolled, had achieved a CR or CRi and that the estimated median overall survival in complete responders was 7.3 months.  Subject to the final results of the rALLy study, we plan to file a rolling submission new drug application, or NDA, with the FDA seeking accelerated approval of Marqibo for the treatment of ALL in the second half of 2010.  See “ITEM 1. Description of Business – Product Pipeline – Marqibo (vincristine sulfate liposomes injection).”

If the final data is insufficient to support the submission of an NDA for accelerated approval, or if the FDA accepts our NDA for review but subsequently denies approval, our business would be substantially and adversely affected and we would be forced to significantly curtail or even cease our operations. 

We have a limited operating history and may not be able to commercialize any products, generate significant revenues or attain profitability.
 
 We have not generated significant revenue and have incurred significant net losses in each year since our inception. We expect to incur substantial losses and negative cash flow from operations for the foreseeable future, and we may never achieve or maintain profitability. For the years ended December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, we had net losses of $24.1 million and $22.2 million, respectively.  

 We expect our cash requirements to increase substantially in the foreseeable future as we:

·
continue to undertake clinical development of our current product candidates;

·
seek regulatory approvals for Marqibo and our other product candidates at the appropriate time in the future;

·
implement additional internal systems and infrastructure;

·
seek to acquire additional technologies to develop; and

·
hire additional personnel.

 We expect to incur losses for the foreseeable future as we fund our operations and capital expenditures. As a result, we will need to generate significant revenues in order to achieve and maintain profitability. Even if we succeed in developing and commercializing/partnering one or more of our product candidates, which success is not assured, we may not be able to generate significant revenues. Even if we do generate significant revenues, we may never achieve or maintain profitability. Our failure to achieve or maintain profitability could negatively impact the trading price of our common stock.
 
If we are unable to successfully manage our growth, our business may be harmed.
 
In the future, if we are able to advance Marqibo or our other product candidates to the point of, and thereafter through, clinical trials, we may need to expand our development, regulatory, manufacturing, marketing and sales capabilities or contract with third parties to provide these capabilities. Any future growth will place a significant strain on our management and on our administrative, operational and financial resources. Our future financial performance and our ability to commercialize Marqibo and our product candidates and to compete effectively will depend, in part, on our ability to manage any future growth effectively. We must manage our development efforts and clinical trials effectively, and hire, train and integrate additional management, administrative and sales and marketing personnel. We may not be able to accomplish these tasks, and our failure to accomplish any of them could prevent us from successfully growing.
 
If we are unable to hire additional qualified personnel, our ability to grow our business may be harmed.
 
We will need to hire additional qualified personnel with expertise in preclinical testing, clinical research and testing, government regulation, formulation and manufacturing and sales and marketing. We compete for qualified individuals with numerous biopharmaceutical companies, universities and other research institutions. Competition for such individuals, particularly in the San Francisco Bay Area where we are headquartered, is intense, and we cannot be certain that our search for such personnel will be successful. Our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel is critical to our success.
 
We may incur substantial liabilities and may be required to limit commercialization of our products in response to product liability lawsuits.
 
 The testing and marketing of pharmaceutical products entail an inherent risk of product liability. If we cannot successfully defend ourselves against product liability claims, we may incur substantial liabilities or be required to limit commercialization of our product candidates, if approved. Even successful defense would require significant financial and management resources. Regardless of the merit or eventual outcome, liability claims may result in:

 
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·
decreased demand for our product candidates;

·
injury to our reputation;

·
withdrawal of clinical trial participants;

·
withdrawal of prior governmental approvals;

·
costs of related litigation;

·
substantial monetary awards to patients;

·
product recalls;

·
loss of revenue; and

·
the inability to commercialize our product candidates.

Our inability to obtain sufficient product liability insurance at an acceptable cost to protect against potential product liability claims could prevent or inhibit the commercialization of pharmaceutical products we develop, alone or with collaborators. We currently do not carry product liability insurance but instead maintain a $10 million clinical trial insurance policy for our ongoing clinical trials of our product candidates. Even if our agreements with any future collaborators entitle us to indemnification against damages from product liability claims, such indemnification may not be available or adequate should any claim arise.

If we fail to acquire and develop other product candidates we may be unable to grow our business.

We hope to acquire rights to develop and commercialize additional product candidates. Because we currently neither have nor intend to establish internal research capabilities, we are dependent upon pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies and academic and other researchers to sell or license us their product candidates. The success of our strategy depends upon our ability to identify, select and acquire pharmaceutical product candidates.

Proposing, negotiating and implementing an economically viable product acquisition or license agreement is a lengthy and complex process. We compete for partnering arrangements and license agreements with pharmaceutical, biopharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, many of which have significantly more experience than us and have significantly more financial resources than we do. Our competitors may have stronger relationships with certain third parties with whom we are interested in partnering, such as academic research institutions, and may, therefore, have a competitive advantage in entering into partnering arrangements with those third parties. We may not be able to acquire rights to additional product candidates on terms that we find acceptable, or at all.

We expect that any product candidate to which we acquire rights will require significant additional development and other efforts prior to commercial sale, including extensive clinical testing and approval by the FDA and applicable foreign regulatory authorities. All product candidates are subject to the risks of failure inherent in pharmaceutical product development, including the possibility that the product candidate will not be shown to be sufficiently safe or effective for approval by regulatory authorities. Even if our product candidates are approved, they may not be manufactured or produced economically or commercialized successfully.
 
Risks Related to the Clinical Testing, Regulatory Approval and Manufacturing of Our Product Candidates
 
If we are unable to obtain regulatory approval to sell our lead product candidate, Marqibo, or any of our other product candidates, our business will suffer.
 
In May 2006, we licensed Marqibo from Inex, which was succeeded by Tekmira Pharmaceuticals Corp. in April 2007. Marqibo is not currently permitted to be commercially used. Inex submitted an NDA pursuant to Section 505(b)(2) of the FDCA for accelerated marketing approval of Marqibo primarily based upon a single arm, Phase II clinical trial, which was reviewed by the FDA in 2004 and 2005. In January 2005, the FDA issued a not approvable letter to Inex for the Marqibo NDA for the treatment of patients with relapsed refractory NHL previously treated with at least two chemotherapy regimens. The FDA’s not approvable letter cited a variety of reasons for not approving the NDA, including the following:

·
The information presented by Inex was inadequate and contained clinical deficiencies;

 
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·
The information presented by Inex failed to provide evidence of an effect on a surrogate that is reasonably likely to predict clinical benefit;

·
The information presented by Inex contained chemistry, manufacturing and control deficiencies;

·
A supportive study in NHL patients and ALL patients was not well conducted or well controlled; and

·
The information presented by Inex did not demonstrate an improvement over available therapy.

In rejecting the NDA, the FDA recommended that, if Inex planned to pursue development of Marqibo for the treatment of relapsed refractory NHL, Inex should conduct additional studies, including but not limited to randomized controlled studies comparing Marqibo to other chemotherapy regimens. Even if such studies are successfully performed, Marqibo may not receive FDA approval.
 
With respect to Marqibo and any of our other product candidates, additional FDA regulatory risks exist which may prevent FDA approval of these drug candidates and thereby prevent their commercial use. Additionally, if Marqibo or any of our product candidates are approved by the FDA, such approval may be withdrawn by the FDA for a variety of reasons, including:

·
that clinical or other experience, tests, or other scientific data show that the drug is unsafe for use;

·
that new evidence of clinical experience or evidence from new tests, evaluated together with the evidence available to the FDA when the NDA was approved, shows that the drug is not shown to be safe for use under the approved conditions of use;

·
that on the basis of new information presented to the FDA, there is a lack of substantial evidence that the drug will have the effect it purports or is represented to have under the approved conditions of use;

·
that an NDA contains any untrue statement of a material fact; or

·
for a drug approved under the FDA’s accelerated approval regulations or as a fast track drug, if any required post-approval study is not conducted with due diligence or if such study fails to verify the clinical benefit of the drug.

Other regulatory risks may arise as a result of a change in applicable law or regulation or the interpretation thereof, and may result in material modification or withdrawal of prior FDA approvals.

Many of our product candidates are in early stages of clinical trials, which are very expensive and time-consuming. Any failure or delay in completing clinical trials for our product candidates could harm our business.
 
 Other than Marqibo, the other product candidates that we are developing, Alocrest, Brakiva, and Menadione, are in early stages of development and will require extensive clinical and other testing and analysis before we will be in a position to consider seeking FDA approval to sell such product candidates. In addition to the risks set forth above for Marqibo, which also apply to Alocrest, Brakiva and Menadione, these product candidates also have additional risks as each is in an earlier stage of development and review.
 
 Conducting clinical trials is a lengthy, time consuming and very expensive process and the results are inherently uncertain. The duration of clinical trials can vary substantially according to the type, complexity, novelty and intended use of the product candidate. We estimate that clinical trials of our product candidates will take at least several years to complete. The completion of clinical trials for our product candidates may be delayed or prevented by many factors, including:

·
delays in patient enrollment, and variability in the number and types of patients available for clinical trials;

·
difficulty in maintaining contact with patients after treatment, resulting in incomplete data;

·
poor effectiveness of product candidates during clinical trials;
 
·
safety issues, side effects, or other adverse events;
 
·
results that do not demonstrate the safety or effectiveness of the product candidates;

·
governmental or regulatory delays and changes in regulatory requirements, policy and guidelines; and

·
varying interpretation of data by the FDA.

 
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In conducting clinical trials, we may fail to establish the effectiveness of a compound for the targeted indication or discover that it is unsafe due to unforeseen side effects or other reasons. Even if our clinical trials are commenced and completed as planned, their results may not support our product candidate claims. Further, failure of product candidate development can occur at any stage of the clinical trials, or even thereafter, and we could encounter problems that cause us to abandon or repeat clinical trials. These problems could interrupt, delay or halt clinical trials for our product candidates and could result in FDA, or other regulatory authorities, delaying approval of our product candidates for any or all indications. The results from preclinical testing and prior clinical trials may not be predictive of results obtained in later or other larger clinical trials. A number of companies in the pharmaceutical industry have suffered significant setbacks in clinical trials, even in advanced clinical trials after showing promising results in earlier clinical trials. Our failure to adequately demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of any of our product candidates will prevent us from receiving regulatory approval to market these product candidates and will negatively impact our business.
 
In addition, we or the FDA may suspend or curtail our clinical trials at any time if it appears that we are exposing participants to unacceptable health risks or if the FDA finds deficiencies in the conduct of these clinical trials or in the composition, manufacture or administration of the product candidates. Accordingly, we cannot predict with any certainty when or if we will ever be in a position to submit an NDA for any of our product candidates, or whether any such NDA would ever be approved.
 
If we do not obtain the necessary U.S. or foreign regulatory approvals to commercialize our product candidates, we will not be able to market and sell our product candidates.
 
None of our product candidates have been approved for commercial sale in any country. FDA approval is required to commercialize all of our product candidates in the United States and approvals from the FDA equivalent regulatory authorities are required in foreign jurisdictions in order to commercialize our product candidates in those jurisdictions. We possess world-wide rights to develop and commercialize Marqibo and our other product candidates.

In order to obtain FDA approval of any of our product candidates, we must submit to the FDA an NDA, demonstrating that the product candidate is safe for humans and effective for its intended use and otherwise meets the requirements of existing laws and regulations governing new drugs. This demonstration requires significant research and animal tests, which are referred to as preclinical studies, and human tests, which are referred to as clinical trials, as well as additional information and studies. Satisfaction of the FDA’s regulatory requirements typically takes many years, depending on the type, complexity and novelty of the product candidate and requires substantial resources for research, development and testing as well as for other purposes. To date, none of our product candidates have been approved for sale in the United States or in any foreign market. We cannot predict whether our research and clinical approaches will result in drugs that the FDA considers safe for humans and effective for indicated uses. Historically, only a small percentage of all drug candidates that start clinical trials are eventually approved by the FDA for sale. After clinical trials are completed, the FDA has substantial discretion in the drug approval process and may require us to conduct additional preclinical and clinical testing or to perform post-marketing studies. The approval process may also be delayed by changes in government regulation, future legislation or administrative action or changes in FDA policy that occur prior to or during our regulatory review. Delays in obtaining regulatory approvals may:

·
delay or prevent commercialization of, and our ability to derive product revenues from, our product candidates;

·
impose costly procedures on us;

·
reduce the potential prices we may be able to charge for our product candidates, assuming they are approved for sale; and

·
diminish any competitive advantages that we may otherwise enjoy.

Even if we comply with all FDA requests, the FDA may ultimately reject one or more of our NDAs. We cannot be sure that we will ever obtain regulatory approval for any of our product candidates. Additionally, a change in applicable law or regulation, or the interpretation thereof, may result in material modification or withdrawal of prior FDA approvals.
 
Failure to obtain FDA approval of any of our product candidates will severely undermine our business by reducing our number of saleable products and, therefore, corresponding product revenues. If we do not complete clinical trials and obtain regulatory approval for a product candidate, we will not be able to recover any of the substantial costs invested by us in the development of the product candidate.

In foreign jurisdictions, we must receive approval from the appropriate regulatory authorities before we can commercialize our drugs. Foreign regulatory approval processes generally include all of the risks associated with the FDA approval procedures described above. We cannot assure you that we will receive the approvals necessary to commercialize any of our product candidates for sale outside the United States.

 
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Our competitive position may be harmed if a competitor obtains orphan drug designation and approval for the treatment of ALL for a clinically superior drug.

Orphan drug designation is an important element of our competitive strategy because the latest of our licensors’ patents for Marqibo expires in November 2021. In 2007, the FDA granted orphan drug designation for the use of Marqibo in treating adult ALL and adult metastatic uveal melanoma. The company that obtains the first FDA approval for a designated orphan drug for a rare disease generally receives marketing exclusivity for use of that drug for the designated condition for a period of seven years. However, even though we obtained orphan drug status for Marqibo in the treatments noted, the FDA may permit other companies to market a drug for the same designated and approved condition during our period of orphan drug exclusivity if it can be demonstrated that the drug is clinically superior to our drug. This could create a more competitive market for us.

Even if we obtain regulatory approvals for our products, the terms of approvals and ongoing monitoring and regulation of our products may limit how we manufacture and market our products, which could materially impair our ability to generate revenue.

Even if regulatory approval is granted in the United States or in a foreign country, the approved product and its manufacturer, as well as others involved in the manufacturing and packaging process, remain subject to continual regulatory review and monitoring. Any regulatory approval that we receive for a product candidate may be subject to limitations on the indicated uses for which the product may be marketed, or include requirements for potentially costly post-approval clinical trials. In addition, if the FDA and/or foreign regulatory agencies approve any of our product candidates, the labeling, packaging, storage, advertising, promotion, recordkeeping and submission of safety and other post-marketing information on the product will be subject to extensive regulatory requirements which may change over time. We and the manufacturers of our products, their ingredients, and many aspects of the packaging are also required to comply with current good manufacturing practice regulations, which include requirements relating to quality control and quality assurance as well as the corresponding maintenance of records and documentation. Further, regulatory agencies must approve these manufacturing facilities before they can be used to manufacture our products or their ingredients or certain packaging, and these facilities are subject to ongoing regulatory inspection. Discovery of problems with a product or manufacturer may result in restrictions or sanctions with respect to the product, manufacturer and relevant manufacturing facility, including withdrawal of the product from the market. If we fail to comply with the regulatory requirements of the FDA and other applicable foreign regulatory authorities, or if problems with our products, manufacturers or manufacturing processes are discovered, we could be subject to administrative or judicially imposed sanctions, including:

·
restrictions on the products, manufacturers or manufacturing process;

·
warning letters or untitled letters;

·
civil or criminal penalties or fines;

·
injunctions;

·
product seizures, detentions or import bans;

·
voluntary or mandatory product recalls and publicity requirements;

·
suspension or withdrawal of regulatory approvals;

·
total or partial suspension of production and/or sale; and

·
refusal to approve pending applications for marketing approval of new drugs or supplements to approved applications.
 
 In order to market any products outside of the United States, we must establish and comply with the numerous and varying regulatory requirements of other countries regarding safety and efficacy. Approval procedures vary among countries and can involve additional product testing and additional administrative review periods. The time required to obtain approval in other countries might differ from that required to obtain FDA approval. Regulatory approval in one country does not ensure regulatory approval in another, but failure or delay in obtaining regulatory approval in one country may have a negative effect on the regulatory process in others.
 
Because we are dependent on clinical research institutions and other contractors for clinical testing and for research and development activities, the results of our clinical trials and such research activities are, to a certain extent, beyond our control.
 
We depend upon independent investigators and collaborators, such as universities and medical institutions, to conduct our preclinical and clinical trials under agreements with us. These parties are not our employees and we cannot control the amount or timing of resources that they devote to our programs. These investigators may not assign as great a priority to our programs or pursue them as diligently as we would if we were undertaking such programs ourselves. If outside collaborators fail to devote sufficient time and resources to our drug-development programs, or if their performance is substandard, the approval of our FDA applications, if any, and our introduction of new drugs, if any, will be delayed. These collaborators may also have relationships with other commercial entities, some of whom may compete with us. If our collaborators assist our competitors at our expense, our competitive position would be harmed.

 
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Our reliance on third parties to formulate and manufacture our product candidates exposes us to a number of risks that may delay the development, regulatory approval and commercialization of our products or result in higher product costs.
 
We have no experience in drug formulation or manufacturing and do not intend to establish our own manufacturing facilities. We lack the resources and expertise to formulate or manufacture our own product candidates. We contract with one or more manufacturers to manufacture, supply, store and distribute drug supplies for our clinical trials. If any of our product candidates receive FDA approval, we will rely on one or more third-party contractors to manufacture our drugs. Our anticipated future reliance on a limited number of third-party manufacturers exposes us to the following risks:
 
·
We may be unable to identify manufacturers on acceptable terms or at all because the number of potential manufacturers is limited and the FDA must approve any replacement contractor. This approval would require new testing and compliance inspections. In addition, a new manufacturer would have to be educated in, or develop substantially equivalent processes for, production of our products after receipt of FDA approval, if any. 
 
 
·
Our third-party manufacturers might be unable to formulate and manufacture our drugs in the volume and of the quality required to meet our clinical and/or commercial needs, if any.
 
 
·
Our future contract manufacturers may not perform as agreed or may not remain in the contract manufacturing business for the time required to supply our clinical trials or to successfully produce, store and distribute our products.
 
 
·
Drug manufacturers are subject to ongoing periodic unannounced inspection by the FDA and corresponding state agencies to ensure strict compliance with good manufacturing practice and other government regulations and corresponding foreign standards. We do not have control over third-party manufacturers’ compliance with these regulations and standards, but we will be ultimately responsible for any of their failures.
 
 
·
If any third-party manufacturer makes improvements in the manufacturing process for our products, we may not own, or may have to share, the intellectual property rights to the innovation. This may prohibit us from seeking alternative or additional manufacturers for our products.   
 
Each of these risks could delay our clinical trials, the approval, if any, of our product candidates by the FDA, or the commercialization of our product candidates or result in higher costs or deprive us of potential product revenues.

Risks Related to Our Ability to Commercialize Our Product Candidates
 
Our success depends substantially on our most advanced product candidate, Marqibo, which is still under development and requires further regulatory approvals. If we are unable to obtain regulatory approval of and commercialize Marqibo alone or with a strategic partner, or experience significant delays in doing so, our ability to generate product revenue and our likelihood of success will be significantly diminished. 

In 2009, we completed enrollment of the rALLy study. We intend to use the results of the rALLy study to file a new drug application, or NDA, with the FDA under an “accelerated approval” pathway.  We also plan to conduct a confirmatory Phase 3 clinical trial to commence in 2010.  The design of this confirmatory study is still under review.  A significant portion of our time and financial resources for at least the next twelve months will be used in the development of our Marqibo program. We anticipate that our ability to generate revenues in the near term will depend solely on the successful development, regulatory approval and commercialization of Marqibo or our ability to enter into a partnership or licensing agreement wherein we receive cash payments.  We currently do not have sufficient funds to continue operations through the time period required to obtain NDA approval for Marqibo and will need to obtain significant additional capital before we obtain FDA approval for an NDA in Marqibo.
 
All of our other product candidates are in the very early stages of development. Any of our product candidates could be unsuccessful if they:

·
do not demonstrate acceptable safety and efficacy in preclinical studies or clinical trials or otherwise do not meet applicable regulatory standards for approval; 
 
 
·
do not offer therapeutic or other improvements over existing or future therapies used to treat the same conditions; 
 
 
·
are not capable of being produced in commercial quantities at acceptable costs or pursuant to applicable rules and regulations; or 
 
 
·
are not accepted in the medical community and by third-party payors.
 
If we are unable to commercialize our product candidates, we will not generate product revenues. The results of our clinical trials to date do not provide assurance that acceptable efficacy or safety will be shown.

 
25

 
 
If we are unable either to create sales, marketing and distribution capabilities or enter into agreements with third parties to perform these functions, we will be unable to commercialize our product candidates successfully.
 
We currently have no sales, marketing or distribution capabilities nor do we currently have funds sufficient to develop these capabilities. To commercialize our product candidates, we must either develop internal sales, marketing and distribution capabilities, which will be expensive and time consuming, or make arrangements with third parties to perform these services. If we decide to market any of our products directly, we must commit financial and managerial resources to develop marketing capabilities and a sales force with technical expertise and with supporting distribution capabilities. Other factors that may inhibit our efforts to commercialize our product candidates, if approved, directly and without strategic partners include:
 
·
our inability to recruit and retain adequate numbers of effective sales and marketing personnel;  
 
 
·
the inability of sales personnel to obtain access to or persuade adequate numbers of physicians to prescribe our products;
 
 
·
the lack of complementary products to be offered by sales personnel, which may put us at a competitive disadvantage relative to companies with more extensive product lines; and
 
 
·
unforeseen costs and expenses associated with creating an independent sales and marketing organization.
 
If we are not able to partner with a third party and are not successful in recruiting sales and marketing personnel or in building a sales and marketing infrastructure, we will have difficulty commercializing our product candidates, which would harm our business. If we rely on pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies with established distribution systems to market our products, we will need to establish and maintain partnership arrangements, and we may not be able to enter into these arrangements on acceptable terms or at all. To the extent that we enter into co-promotion or other arrangements, any revenues we receive will depend upon the efforts of third parties which may not be successful and which will be only partially in our control. Our product revenues would likely be lower than if we marketed and sold our products directly.

The terms of our license agreements relating to intellectual property ownership rights may make it more difficult for us to establish collaborations for the development and commercialization of our product candidates.

The terms of our license agreements obligate us to include intellectual property assignment provisions in any sublicenses or collaboration agreements that may be unacceptable to our potential sublicensees and partners. These terms may impede our ability to enter into partnerships for some of our existing product candidates. Under our license agreement with Tekmira, Tekmira will be the owner of patents and patent applications claiming priority to certain patents licensed to us, and we not only have an obligation to assign to Tekmira our rights to inventions covered by such patents or patent applications, but also, when negotiating any joint venture, collaborative research, development, commercialization or other agreement with a third party, to require such third party to do the same. Our license agreement with Elan Pharmaceuticals, Inc., or Elan, relating to Marqibo, provides that Elan will own all improvements to the licensed patents or licensed know-how made by us or any of our sublicensees. Potential collaboration and commercialization partners for these product candidates may not agree to such intellectual property ownership requirements and therefore not elect to partner with us for these product candidates.

If physicians and patients do not accept and use our product candidates, our ability to generate revenue from sales of our products will be materially impaired.
 
Even if the FDA approves Marqibo or any of our product candidates, if physicians and patients do not accept and use them, our business will be adversely affected. Acceptance and use of our products will depend upon a number of factors including:
 
·
perceptions by members of the health care community, including physicians, about the safety and effectiveness of our drugs; 
 
 
·
pharmacological benefit and cost-effectiveness of our products relative to competing products;
 
 
·
availability of reimbursement for our products from government or other healthcare payors;
 
 
·
effectiveness of marketing and distribution efforts by us and our licensees and distributors, if any; and
 
 
·
the price at which we sell our products.

 
26

 

Adequate coverage and reimbursement may not be available for our product candidates, which could diminish our sales or affect our ability to sell our products profitably.

Market acceptance and sales of our product candidates will depend in significant part on the levels at which government payors and other third-party payors, such as private health insurers and health maintenance organizations, cover and pay for our products. We cannot provide any assurances that third-party payors will provide adequate coverage of and reimbursement for any of our product candidates. If we are unable to obtain adequate coverage of and payment levels for our product candidates from third-party payors, physicians may limit how much or under what circumstances they will prescribe or administer them and patients may decline to purchase them. This in turn could affect our ability to successfully commercialize our products and impact our profitability and future success.

In both the U.S. and certain foreign jurisdictions, there have been a number of legislative and regulatory policies and proposals in recent years to change the healthcare system in ways that could impact our ability to sell our products profitably. In 2003, Congress enacted the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003, or the MMA, which contains, among other changes to the law, a wide variety of changes that impact Medicare reimbursement of pharmaceuticals to physicians and hospitals. The MMA requires that, as of January 1, 2005, payment rates for most drugs covered under Medicare Part B, including drugs furnished incident to physicians’ services, are to be based on manufacturer’s average sales price, or ASP, of the product. Implementation of the ASP payment methodology for drugs furnished in physician’s offices generally resulted in reduced payments in 2005, and could result in lower payment rates for drugs in the future.

The MMA requires that, beginning in 2006, payment amounts for most drugs administered in physician offices are to be based on either ASP or on amounts bid by vendors under the Competitive Acquisition Program, or CAP. Under the CAP, physicians who administer drugs in their offices will be offered an option to acquire drugs covered under the Medicare Part B benefit from vendors that are selected in a competitive bidding process. Winning vendors would be selected based on criteria that included bid prices. The ASP payment methodology and the CAP could negatively impact our ability to sell our product candidates.

The MMA also revised the method by which Medicare pays for many drugs administered in hospital outpatient departments beginning in 2005. In addition, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, or CMS, which administers the Medicare program, published a proposed rule on payment amounts for drugs administered in hospital outpatient departments for 2006. As a result of the changes in the MMA and, if the methods suggested by CMS in the proposed 2006 rule are implemented, certain newly introduced drugs administered in hospital outpatient departments, which we believe would include our therapeutics and supportive care product candidates, will generally be reimbursed under an ASP payment methodology, except that during a short introductory period in which drugs have not been assigned a billing code a higher payment rate is applicable. As in the case of physician offices, implementation of the ASP payment methodology in the hospital outpatient department could negatively impact our ability to sell our product candidates.

The MMA created a new, voluntary prescription drug benefit for Medicare beneficiaries, Medicare Part D, which took effect in 2006. Medicare Part D is a new type of coverage that allows for payment for certain prescription drugs not covered under Part B. This new benefit will be offered by private managed care organizations and freestanding prescription drug plans, which, subject to review and approval by CMS, may, and are expected to, establish drug formularies and other drug utilization management controls based in part on the price at which they can obtain the drugs involved. The drugs that will be covered in each therapeutic category and class on the formularies of participating Part D plans may be limited, and obtaining favorable treatment on formularies and with respect to utilization management controls may affect the prices we can obtain for our products. If our product candidates are not placed on such formularies, or are subject to utilization management controls, this could negatively impact our ability to sell them. It is difficult to predict which of our candidate products will be placed on the formularies or subjected to utilization management controls and the impact that the Part D program, and the MMA generally, will have on us.

There also likely will continue to be legislative and regulatory proposals that could bring about significant changes in the healthcare industry. We cannot predict what form those changes might take or the impact on our business of any legislation or regulations that may be adopted in the future. The implementation of cost containment measures or other healthcare reforms may prevent us from being able to generate revenue, attain profitability or commercialize our products.

In addition, in many foreign countries, particularly the countries of the European Union, the pricing of prescription drugs is subject to government control. We may face competition for our product candidates from lower priced products in foreign countries that have placed price controls on pharmaceutical products. In addition, there may be importation of foreign products that compete with our own products which could negatively impact our profitability.

If we cannot compete successfully for market share against other drug companies, we may not achieve sufficient product revenues and our business will suffer.
 
The market for our product candidates is characterized by intense competition and rapid technological advances. If our product candidates receive FDA approval, they will compete with a number of existing and future drugs and therapies developed, manufactured and marketed by others. If approved, Marqibo will compete with unencapsulated vincristine, which is generic, other cytotoxic agents such as antimetabolites, alkylating agents, cytotoxic antibiotics, vinca alkyloids, platinum compounds and taxanes, and other cytotoxic agents that use different encapsulation technologies. These or other future competing products and product candidates may provide greater therapeutic convenience or clinical or other benefits for a specific indication than our products, or may offer comparable performance at a lower cost. If our products fail to capture and maintain market share, we may not achieve sufficient product revenues and our business will suffer.

 
27

 
 
We will compete against fully integrated pharmaceutical companies and smaller companies that are collaborating with larger pharmaceutical companies, academic institutions, government agencies and other public and private research organizations. In addition, many of these competitors, either alone or together with their collaborative partners, operate larger research and development programs and have substantially greater financial resources than we do, as well as significantly greater experience in:
 
·
developing drugs;
 
 
·
undertaking preclinical testing and human clinical trials;
 
 
·
obtaining FDA and other regulatory approvals of drugs;
 
 
·
formulating and manufacturing drugs; and 
 
 
·
launching, marketing and selling drugs.

Developments by competitors may render our products or technologies obsolete or non-competitive.
 
Alternative technologies are being developed to treat cancer and immunological disease, several of which are in advanced clinical trials. In addition, companies pursuing different but related fields represent substantial competition. Many of these organizations have substantially greater capital resources, larger research and development staffs and facilities, longer drug development history in obtaining regulatory approvals and greater manufacturing and marketing capabilities than we do. These organizations also compete with us to attract qualified personnel, parties for acquisitions, joint ventures or other collaborations.
 
Risks Related to Our Intellectual Property
 
If we fail to adequately protect or enforce our intellectual property rights or secure rights to patents of others, the value of our intellectual property rights would diminish.
 
Our success, competitive position and future revenues will depend in large part on our ability and the abilities of our licensors to obtain and maintain patent protection for our products, methods, processes and other technologies, to preserve our trade secrets, to prevent third parties from infringing on our proprietary rights and to operate without infringing the proprietary rights of third parties.
 
We have licensed from third parties rights to numerous issued patents and patent applications. To date, through our license agreements for Marqibo, Alocrest, Brakiva and Menadione, we hold certain exclusive patent rights, including rights under U.S. patents and U.S. patent applications. We also have patent rights to applications pending in several foreign jurisdictions. We have filed and anticipate filing additional patent applications both in the United States and internationally, as appropriate.
 
The rights to product candidates that we acquire from licensors or collaborators are protected by patents and proprietary rights owned by them, and we rely on the patent protection and rights established or acquired by them. We generally do not unilaterally control, or do not control at all, the prosecution of patent applications licensed from third parties. Accordingly, we are unable to exercise the same degree of control over this intellectual property as we may exercise over internally developed intellectual property.
 
The patent positions of pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies can be highly uncertain and involve complex legal and factual questions. Even if we are able to obtain patents, any patent may be challenged, invalidated, held unenforceable or circumvented. The existence of a patent will not necessarily protect us from competition. Competitors may successfully challenge our patents, produce similar drugs or products that do not infringe our patents or produce drugs in countries where we have not applied for patent protection or that do not respect our patents. Under our license agreements, we generally do not unilaterally control, or do not control at all, the enforcement of the licensed patents or the defense of third party suits of infringement or invalidity.

Furthermore, if we become involved in any patent litigation, interference or other administrative proceedings, we will incur substantial expense and the efforts of our technical and management personnel will be significantly diverted. As a result of such litigation or proceedings we could lose our proprietary position and be restricted or prevented from developing, manufacturing and selling the affected products, incur significant damage awards, including punitive damages, or be required to seek third-party licenses that may not be available on commercially acceptable terms, if at all.

The degree of future protection for our proprietary rights is uncertain in part because legal means afford only limited protection and may not adequately protect our rights, and we will not be able to ensure that:
 
·
we or our licensors or collaborators were the first to make the inventions described in patent applications;

 
28

 

·
we or our licensors or collaborators were the first to file patent applications for inventions;
 
 
·
others will not independently develop similar or alternative technologies or duplicate any of our technologies without infringing our intellectual property rights;
 
 
·
any of our pending patent applications will result in issued patents;
 
 
·
any patents licensed or issued to us will provide a basis for commercially viable products or will provide us with any competitive advantages or will not be challenged by third parties;

 ·
we will ultimately be able to enforce our owned or licensed patent rights pertaining to our products;
 
 
·
any patents licensed or issued to us will not be challenged, invalidated, held unenforceable or circumvented;
 
 
·
we will develop or license proprietary technologies that are patentable; or
 
 
·
the patents of others will not have an adverse effect on our ability to do business.
 
Our success also depends upon the skills, knowledge and experience of our scientific and technical personnel, our consultants and advisors as well as our licensors and contractors. To help protect our proprietary know-how and our inventions for which patents may be unobtainable or difficult to obtain, we rely on trade secret protection and confidentiality agreements. To this end, we require all of our employees to enter into agreements which prohibit the disclosure of confidential information and, where applicable, require disclosure and assignment to us of the ideas, developments, discoveries and inventions important to our business. These agreements may not provide adequate protection for our trade secrets, know-how or other proprietary information in the event of any unauthorized use or disclosure or the lawful development by others of such information. If any of our trade secrets, know-how or other proprietary information is disclosed, the value of our trade secrets, know-how and other proprietary rights would be significantly impaired and our business and competitive position would suffer.

Our license agreements relating to our product candidates may be terminated in the event we commit a material breach, the result of which would harm our business and future prospects.
 
In the event any of our license agreements relating to our product candidates are terminated, we could lose all of our rights to develop and commercialize the applicable product candidate covered by such license, which would harm our business and future prospects. Our license agreement with Albert Einstein College of Medicine, or AECOM, provides that AECOM may terminate the agreement, after providing us with notice and an opportunity to cure, for our material breach or default, or upon our bankruptcy.  Our license to Marqibo, Alocrest and Brakiva are governed by a series of agreements which may be individually or collectively terminated, not only by Tekmira, but also by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, British Columbia Cancer Agency or University of British Columbia under the underlying agreements governing the license or assignment of technology to Tekmira. Tekmira may terminate these agreements for our uncured material breach, for our involvement in a bankruptcy, for our assertion or intention to assert any invalidity challenge on any of the patents licensed to us for these products or for our failure to meet our development or commercialization obligations, including the obligations of continuing to sell each product in all major market countries after its launch. In the event that these agreements are terminated, not only will we lose all rights to these products, we will also have the obligation to transfer all of our data, materials, regulatory filings and all other documentation to our licensor, and our licensor may on its own exploit these products without any compensation to us, regardless of the progress or amount of investment we have made in the products.
 
Third party claims of intellectual property infringement would require us to spend significant time and money and could prevent us from developing or commercializing our products.
 
In order to protect or enforce patent rights, we may initiate patent litigation against third parties. Similarly, we may be sued by others. We also may become subject to proceedings conducted in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, including interference proceedings to determine the priority of inventions, or reexamination proceedings. In addition, any foreign patents that are granted may become subject to opposition, nullity, or revocation proceedings in foreign jurisdictions having such proceedings opposed by third parties in foreign jurisdictions having opposition proceedings. The defense and prosecution, if necessary, of intellectual property actions are costly and divert technical and management personnel from their normal responsibilities.

No patent can protect its holder from a claim of infringement of another patent. Therefore, our patent position cannot and does not provide any assurance that the commercialization of our products would not infringe the patent rights of another. While we know of no actual or threatened claim of infringement that would be material to us, there can be no assurance that such a claim will not be asserted.
 
If such a claim is asserted, there can be no assurance that the resolution of the claim would permit us to continue marketing the relevant product on commercially reasonable terms, if at all. We may not have sufficient resources to bring these actions to a successful conclusion. If we do not successfully defend any infringement actions to which we become a party or are unable to have infringed patents declared invalid or unenforceable, we may have to pay substantial monetary damages, which can be tripled if the infringement is deemed willful, or be required to discontinue or significantly delay commercialization and development of the affected products.

 
29

 

Any legal action against us or our collaborators claiming damages and seeking to enjoin developmental or marketing activities relating to affected products could, in addition to subjecting us to potential liability for damages, require us or our collaborators to obtain licenses to continue to develop, manufacture or market the affected products. Such a license may not be available to us on commercially reasonable terms, if at all.
 
An adverse determination in a proceeding involving our owned or licensed intellectual property may allow entry of generic substitutes for our products.

Risks Related to Our Securities
 
Our stock price has, and we expect it to continue to, fluctuate significantly, and the value of your investment may decline.
 
From January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2009, the market price of our common stock has ranged from a high of $1.22 per share to a low of $0.08 per share. The volatile price of our stock makes it difficult for investors to predict the value of their investment, to sell shares at a profit at any given time, or to plan purchases and sales in advance. You might not be able to sell your shares of common stock at or above the offering price due to fluctuations in the market price of the common stock arising from changes in our operating performance or prospects. In addition, the stock markets in general, and the markets for biotechnology and biopharmaceutical companies in particular, have experienced extreme volatility that has often been unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. A variety of factors may affect our operating performance and cause the market price of our common stock to fluctuate. These include, but are not limited to: 
 
·
announcements by us or our competitors of regulatory developments, clinical trial results, clinical trial enrollment, regulatory filings, product development updates, new products and product launches, significant acquisitions, strategic partnerships or joint ventures;
 
 
·
any intellectual property infringement, product liability or any other litigation involving us;
 
 
·
developments or disputes concerning patents or other proprietary rights;
 
 
·
regulatory developments in the United States and foreign countries;  
 
 
·
market conditions in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology sectors and issuance of new or changed securities analysts’ reports or recommendations;
 
 
·
economic or other crises and other external factors;
 
 
·
actual or anticipated period-to-period fluctuations in our results of operations;
 
 
·
departure of any of our key management personnel; or
 
 
·
sales of our common stock.
 
These and other factors may cause the market price and demand of our common stock to fluctuate substantially, which may limit investors from readily selling their shares of common stock and may otherwise negatively affect the liquidity or value of our common stock.

If our results do not meet analysts’ forecasts and expectations, our stock price could decline.
 
While research analysts and others have published forecasts as to the amount and timing of our future revenues and earnings, we have stated that we will not be providing any forecasts of the amount and timing of our future revenues and earnings until after two quarters of our sales and marketing efforts. Analysts who cover our business and operations provide valuations regarding our stock price and make recommendations whether to buy, hold or sell our stock. Our stock price may be dependent upon such valuations and recommendations. Analysts’ valuations and recommendations are based primarily on our reported results and their forecasts and expectations concerning our future results regarding, for example, expenses, revenues, clinical trials, regulatory marketing approvals and competition. Our future results are subject to substantial uncertainty, and we may fail to meet or exceed analysts’ forecasts and expectations as a result of a number of factors, including those discussed in this “Risk Factors” section. If our results do not meet analysts’ forecasts and expectations, our stock price could decline as a result of analysts lowering their valuations and recommendations or otherwise.

 
30

 

We are at risk of securities class action litigation.
 
In the past, securities class action litigation has often been brought against a company following a decline in the market price of its securities. This risk is especially relevant for us because biotechnology companies have experienced greater than average stock price volatility in recent years. If we faced such litigation, it could result in substantial costs and a diversion of management’s attention and resources, which could harm our business.

Our common stock is considered a “penny stock.”

The SEC has adopted regulations which generally define “penny stock” to be an equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to specific exemptions. Because the market price of our common stock is currently less than $5.00 per share, and none of the specific exemptions are applicable, our common stock is considered a “penny stock” according to SEC rules. This designation requires any broker or dealer selling our common stock to disclose certain information concerning the transaction, obtain a written agreement from the purchaser and determine that the purchaser is reasonably suitable to purchase our common stock. These rules may restrict the ability of brokers or dealers to sell shares of our common stock.

Because we do not expect to pay dividends, you will not realize any income from an investment in our common stock unless and until you sell your shares at profit.
 
We have never paid dividends on our common stock and do not anticipate paying any dividends for the foreseeable future. You should not rely on an investment in our stock if you require dividend income. Further, you will only realize income on an investment in our shares in the event you sell or otherwise dispose of your shares at a price higher than the price you paid for your shares. Such a gain would result only from an increase in the market price of our common stock, which is uncertain and unpredictable.

There may be issuances of shares of blank check preferred stock in the future.

Our certificate of incorporation authorizes the issuance of up to 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, none of which are issued or currently outstanding. Our board of directors will have the authority to fix and determine the relative rights and preferences of preferred shares, as well as the authority to issue such shares, without further stockholder approval. As a result, our board of directors could authorize the issuance of a series of preferred stock that is senior to our common stock and that would grant to holders preferred rights to our assets upon liquidation, the right to receive dividends, additional registration rights, anti-dilution protection, the right to the redemption to such shares, together with other rights, none of which will be afforded holders of our common stock.

Because our common stock is primarily traded on the OTC Bulletin Board, the volume of shares traded and the prices at which such shares trade may result in lower prices than might otherwise exist if our common stock was traded on a national securities exchange.

We were delisted from the Nasdaq Capital Market in September 2009 and trading in our common stock has since been conducted on the OTC Bulletin Board.  Stocks traded on the OTC Bulletin Board are often less liquid than stocks traded on national securities exchanges, not only in terms of the number of shares that can be bought and sold at a given price, but also in terms of delays in the timing of transactions and reduced coverage of us by security analysts and the media. This may result in lower prices for our common stock than might otherwise be obtained if our common stock were traded on a national securities exchange, and could also result in a larger spread between the bid and asked prices for our common stock.

 
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None.
  

Our executive offices are located at 7000 Shoreline Court, Suite 370, South San Francisco, California 94080. We occupy this space, which consists of 18,788 square feet of office space, pursuant to a written sublease agreement under which we currently pay rent of approximately $46,000 per month, decreasing to approximately $36,600 per month beginning in June 2010. Our sublease currently expires on March 31, 2011. We believe that our existing facilities are adequate to meet our current requirements. We do not own any real property.
  

We are not a party to any material legal proceedings.
  

 
32

 

 
 
Market for Common Stock

From April 17, 2006 to June 2, 2008 our common stock traded on the NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol “HNAB.”  From June 3, 2008 to September 9, 2009, our common stock traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the same symbol.  Since September 11, 2009, our common stock has traded on the OTC Bulletin Board under the symbol “HNAB.OB.”

The following table lists the high and low sale price for our common stock as quoted, in U.S. dollars, by the NASDAQ Global Market, the NASDAQ Capital Market, and the OTC Bulletin Board, as applicable, during each quarter within the last two fiscal years.
  
   
Price Range
 
Quarter Ended
 
High
   
Low
 
             
March 31, 2008
 
1.48
   
$
0.74
 
June 30, 2008
   
1.10
     
0.70
 
September 30, 2008
   
0.79
     
0.50
 
December 31, 2008
   
0.63
     
0.15
 
March 31, 2009
   
0.33
     
0.08
 
June 30, 2009
   
1.00
     
0.13
 
September 30, 2009
   
0.94
     
0.42
 
December 31, 2009
   
0.65
     
0.13
 

Record Holders

As of March 24, 2010, we had approximately 137 holders of record of our common stock, one of which was Cede & Co., a nominee for Depository Trust Company, or DTC. Shares of common stock that are held by financial institutions as nominees for beneficial owners are deposited into participant accounts at DTC, and are considered to be held of record by Cede & Co. as one stockholder.

Dividends

 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

None

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

On December 30, 2009, a holder of warrants issued by us in our October 2009 private placement exercised its right to purchase 3,504,827 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $0.01 per share.  The sale of these shares was made pursuant to a private transaction that did not involve a public offering, and accordingly, we  believe this transaction was exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933 pursuant to Section 4(2) thereof and the rules and regulations promulgated thereto, that the holder acquired the shares for investment and not distribution, it could bear the risks of the investment, and it could hold the securities for an indefinite period of time. The holder received written disclosures that the securities had not been registered under the Securities Act and any resale must be made pursuant to a registration or an available exemption from such registration. All of the foregoing securities are deemed restricted securities for purposes of the Securities Act.

Not applicable.

 
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MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes to those statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report. This discussion includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. As a result of many factors, such as those set forth under “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this Annual Report, our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements.

Overview

We are a biopharmaceutical company dedicated to developing and commercializing new, differentiated cancer therapies designed to improve and enable current standards of care.  We currently have four product candidates in various stages of development:
 
·
Marqibo® (vincristine sulfate liposomes injection), a novel, targeted Optisome™ encapsulated formulation product candidate of the FDA-approved anticancer drug vincristine, being developed for the treatment of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
 
 
·
Menadione Topical Lotion, a novel supportive care product candidate, being developed for the prevention and/or treatment of the skin toxicities associated with the use of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors, a type of anti-cancer agent used in the treatment of certain cancers.
 
 
·
Brakiva™ (topotecan liposomes injection), a novel targeted Optisome™ encapsulated formulation product candidate of the FDA-approved anticancer drug topotecan, being developed for the treatment of solid tumors including small cell lung cancer and ovarian cancer.
 
 
·
Alocrest™ (vinorelbine liposomes injection), a novel, targeted Optisome™ encapsulated formulation product candidate of the FDA-approved anticancer drug vinorelbine, being developed for the treatment of solid tumors such as non-small-cell lung cancer.

Revenues

We do not expect to generate any significant revenue from product sales or royalties in the foreseeable future. We anticipate that any revenues that we may recognize prior to the approval of any of our product candidates will be related to upfront, milestone development funding payments received pursuant to strategic license agreements or partnerships and that we may have large fluctuations of revenue recognized from quarter to quarter as a result of the timing and the amount of these payments. We may be unable to control the development of commercialization of these products and may be unable to estimate the timing and amount of revenue to be recognized pursuant to these agreements. Revenue from these agreements and partnerships helps us fund our continuing operations. Our revenues may increase in the future if we are able to develop and commercialize our products, license our technology and/or enter into strategic partnerships. If we are unsuccessful, our future revenues will decrease and we may be forced to limit our development of our product candidates.

Research and Development Expenses

 
While expenditures on current and future clinical development programs are expected to be substantial, particularly in light of our available resources, they are subject to many uncertainties, including the results of clinical trials and whether we develop any of our drug candidates with a partner or independently. As a result of such uncertainties, we cannot predict with any significant degree of certainty the duration and completion costs of our research and development projects or whether, when and to what extent we will generate revenues from the commercialization and sale of any of our product candidates. The duration and cost of clinical trials may vary significantly over the life of a project as a result of unanticipated events arising during clinical development and a variety of factors, including:

 
34

 

 
·
the number of trials and studies in a clinical program;

 
·
the number of patients who participate in the trials;

 
·
the number of sites included in the trials;

 
·
the rates of patient recruitment and enrollment;

 
·
the duration of patient treatment and follow-up;

 
·
the costs of manufacturing our drug candidates; and

 
·
the costs, requirements, timing of, and the ability to secure regulatory approvals.
General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and related expenses for executive, finance and other administrative personnel, recruitment expenses, professional fees and other corporate expenses, including accounting and general legal activities.  

Share-Based Compensation

Share-based compensation expenses consist primarily of expensing the fair-market value of a share-based award over the vesting term.  This expense is included in our operating expenses for each reporting period.  As of December 31, 2009, we estimate that there is $0.6 million in total, unrecognized compensation costs related to non-vested share-based awards, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.1 years.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
    
The accompanying discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. We believe there are certain accounting policies that are critical to understanding our financial statements, as these policies affect the reported amounts of expenses and involve management’s judgment regarding significant estimates. We have reviewed our critical accounting policies and their application in the preparation of our financial statements and related disclosures with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors. Our critical accounting policies and estimates are described below.
  
Share-Based Compensation
 
We have adopted revised authoritative guidance related to stock-based compensation under FASB ASC TOPIC 718 “Compensation – Stock Compensation.”  We have adopted a Black-Scholes-Merton model to estimate the fair value of stock options issued and the resultant expense is recognized in the statement of operations each reporting period.  See Note 4 of our unaudited condensed financial statements included elsewhere in this Form 10-K for further information regarding the required disclosures related to share-based compensation.
 
Warrant Liabilities
 
On October 30, 2007, we entered into a loan facility agreement with Deerfield Private Design Fund, L.P., Deerfield Special Situations Fund, L.P., Deerfield Special Situations Fund International Limited and Deerfield Private Design International, L.P. We collectively refer to these entities as Deerfield. As partial consideration for the loan, we also issued to Deerfield warrants to purchase shares of our common stock. Certain of these warrants included an anti-dilution feature. This feature required that, as we issued additional shares of our common stock during the term of the warrant, the number of shares purchasable under this series was automatically increased so that they always represented a fixed percentage of our then outstanding common stock. Because the warrants were redeemable if certain events occurred, we recorded the fair value of the warrants as a liability, updating our estimate of the fair value of the warrant liabilities in each reporting period as new information became available and any gains or losses resulting from the changes in fair value from period to period being included as other income or expense.   

 
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On September 8, 2009, we received a notice from the Staff of The NASDAQ Stock Market indicating that we had failed to regain compliance with NASDAQ listing requirements and that trading of our common stock on the NASDAQ Capital Market would be suspended effective at the opening of business on September 10, 2009.  In accordance with the terms of the warrants issued pursuant to the October 2007 loan agreement, Deerfield had previously notified us of its intention to require us to redeem the warrants, upon such suspension.  However, pursuant to the terms of a September 3, 2009 letter agreement, we and Deerfield agreed that, in lieu of satisfying the warrant redemption price of approximately $3.87 million in cash, we could satisfy such obligation at Deerfield’s election as follows:

 
·
upon the completion by us of a “Qualified Financing” at any time or from time to time on or prior to June 30, 2010, by the issuance to Deerfield of the same type of securities that Deerfield would have received had the redemption price been invested in such financing; or
 
·
on any date on or prior to July 1, 2010 specified in a written notice by Deerfield to us, by the issuance to Deerfield of shares of our common stock equal to the redemption price divided by the lesser of $.60 or the average closing sale price of the common stock during the 10 trading days immediately preceding the date of such notice.

We satisfied the warrant redemption price by issuing to Deerfield securities in connection with our October 2009 private placement.  Also in conjunction with this financing, we issued certain warrants that had characteristics of both equity and liabilities.  These warrants were evaluated to be classified as liabilities at the time of issuance and are revalued at fair value from period to period with the resulting change in value included in the statement of operations.
 
Licensed In-Process Research and Development
 
Licensed in-process research and development relates primarily to technology, intellectual property and know-how acquired from another entity. We evaluate the stage of development as well as additional time, resources and risks related to development and eventual commercialization of the acquired technology. As we historically have acquired non-FDA approved technologies, the nature of the remaining efforts for completion and commercialization generally include completion of clinical trials, completion of manufacturing validation, interpretation of clinical and preclinical data and obtaining marketing approval from the FDA and other regulatory bodies. The cost in resources, probability of success and length of time to commercialization are extremely difficult to determine. Numerous risks and uncertainties exist with respect to the timely completion of development projects, including clinical trial results, manufacturing process development results and ongoing feedback from regulatory authorities, including obtaining marketing approval. Additionally, there is no guarantee that the acquired technology will ever be successfully commercialized due to the uncertainties associated with the pricing of new pharmaceuticals, the cost of sales to produce these products in a commercial setting, changes in the reimbursement environment or the introduction of new competitive products. Due to the risks and uncertainties noted above, we will expense such licensed in-process research and development projects when incurred. However, the cost of acquisition of technology is capitalized if there are alternative future uses in other research and development projects or otherwise based on internal review. All milestone payments will be expensed in the period the milestone is reached.
  
Clinical Study Activities and Other Expenses from Third-Party Contract Research Organizations
 
Much of our research and development activities related to clinical study activity are conducted by various third parties, including contract research organizations, which may also provide contractually defined administration and management services. Expense incurred for these contracted activities are based upon a variety of factors, including actual and estimated patient enrollment rates, clinical site initiation activities, labor hours and other activity-based factors. On a regular basis, our estimates of these costs are reconciled to actual invoices from the service providers, and adjustments are made accordingly.

Revenue Recognition

We recognize all revenue in accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104, “Revenue Recognition,” where revenue is recognized when (i) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (ii) delivery of the services, supplies or technology license has occurred; (iii) the price is fixed or determinable; and (iv) collectability is reasonably assured.

We recognize revenue from the license or assignment of intellectual property and rights to third parties, including development milestone payments associated with such agreement if the funds have been received, the rights to the property have been delivered, and we have no further obligations on the date(s) when the payment has been received or collection is assured.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Year Ended December 31, 2009 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2008
  
General and administrative expenses. For the year ended December 31, 2009, general and administrative, or G&A, expense was $4.0 million, as compared to $5.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2008.  The decrease of $1.8 million is due to decreased personnel related expenses of $1.3 million, decreased costs for outside services and professional services of $0.3 million and decreased allocable expenses of $0.2 million.

 
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The $1.3 million decrease in employee-related expenses includes:

·
a decrease of $1.2 million in employee related share-based compensation expense is due to the decreased valuation of stock options issued to employees as a result of the decrease in value of the Company’s stock price; and

·
a decrease of $0.1 million in salary and benefits.  

Research and development expenses. The following table summarizes our R&D expenses incurred for preclinical support, contract manufacturing for clinical supplies and clinical trial services provided by third parties, as well as milestone payments for in-licensed technology for each of our current major product development programs for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, plus the cumulative amounts for the last five years or since we began development of a product candidate if it has not been in development for five years.  The table also summarizes unallocated costs, which consist of personnel, facilities and other costs not directly allocable to development programs.
  
Product candidates ($ in thousands)
 
2009
   
2008
   
Annual %
Change
   
(5 years) Jan.
1, 2005 to Dec
31, 2009
 
Marqibo
  $ 5,362     $ 4,248       26 %   $ 8,420  
Menadione
    550       2,929       -81 %     5,681  
Brakiva
    444       953       -53 %     3,319  
Alocrest
    2       699       -99 %     3,413  
Discontinued/out-licensed product candidates
    10       (17 )     N/A       12,372  
Total third party costs
    2,729       3,222       -15 %     24,644  
Allocable costs and overhead
    1,092       1,421       -23 %     5,517  
Personnel related expense
    4,909       4,309       14 %     15,112  
Share-based compensation expense
    515       663       -22 %     7,452  
Total research and development expense
  $ 15,613     $ 18,427       -15 %   $ 85,930  
 
Marqibo.   Marqibo costs increased by $1.1 million in 2009 compared to 2008.  The main cause of the increase costs was increased enrollment in the rALLy study in 2009.  In 2009, we completed enrollment in our Phase 2, open-label trial in relapsed adult ALL and continued enrollment in our pilot Phase 2 trial in metastic uveal melanoma. Pending final results of the Phase 2 trial in ALL we intend to submit a rolling New Drug Application (NDA) with the FDA in mid-2010 to seek limited approval in the ALL indication.  We also plan to initiate a confirmatory trial in 2010.  We expect to spend approximately $7.3 million on external project costs relating to Marqibo in 2010. We estimate that we will need to expend at least an additional aggregate of approximately $45 million in order for us to obtain full FDA approval for Marqibo, if ever, which includes milestone payments that would be owed to our licensor upon FDA approval.  We expect that it will take approximately three to four years until we will have completed development and obtained full FDA approval of Marqibo, if ever.  We anticipate that we will need to spend at least an additional $5 million in order to obtain accelerated, limited approval.

Menadione Topical Lotion.   Menadione costs decreased by $2.4 million in 2009 compared to 2008, due largely to a Phase 1 study started and completed in 2008 in healthy volunteers.  In 2009, we completed enrollment in a Phase 1 clinical trial in cancer patients.   We plan to initiate a Phase 2 clinical trial in cancer patients in mid 2010, pending final results of the Phase 1 study.  As this drug is early in its clinical development, both the registrational strategy and total expenditures to obtain FDA approval are still being evaluated. However, we expect to spend approximately $0.5 million on external project costs relating to Menadione in 2010, and we estimate that we will need to expend at least an aggregate of approximately $40 million of additional funds in order for us to obtain full FDA approval for Menadione, if ever, which includes milestone payments that would be owed to our licensor upon FDA approval.  We expect that it will take approximately two to three years until we will have completed development and obtained FDA approval, if ever.  Per the terms of the securities purchase agreement completed in October 2009, we agreed to use the proceeds of the sale of those securities solely for the clinical and regulatory development of our Marqibo program. As such, future development of Menadione is contingent on obtaining additional funding, if any such funding is available in the future.

Brakiva.   Brakiva costs decreased by $0.5 million in 2009, due to decreased manufacturing costs.  We continued enrollment in a Phase 1 clinical trial in 2009. We plan to complete enrollment in this clinical trial in 2010 and expect that we will expend approximately $0.5 million in 2010.  We are exploring options for further development of Brakiva beyond the phase 1 trial.  As this drug is early in its clinical development, both the registrational strategy and total expenditures to obtain FDA approval are still being evaluated.  Per the terms of the securities purchase agreement completed in October 2009, we agreed to use the proceeds of the sale of those securities solely for the clinical and regulatory development of our Marqibo program. As such, future development of Brakiva is contingent on obtaining additional funding, if any such funding is available in the future.

Alocrest.   We are currently exploring options for the continued development of Alocrest and do not expect to incur significant project costs in 2010.

 
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Discontinued/Out-licensed projects.   We did not pursue development on our Zensana product candidates in 2009 which was out-licensed in 2007.   We may incur only incidental expenses in 2010 related to the continued disposition of this product.

Other R&D expenses.   Third-party costs related to indirect support of our clinical trials and product candidates decreased to $2.7 million in 2009 compared to $3.2 million in 2008.  The decrease of $0.5 million is largely due to decreased payment to license partners in 2009.  These costs are not directly allocable to an individual product candidate.  We expect these costs to remain flat or decrease slightly in 2010 as we have finished the rALLy study in Marqibo and are preparing for a confirmatory study and prepare for filing an NDA in mid-2010.

Allocable costs decreased by $0.2 million as a result of cost-cutting measures pursued by us.  We expect these costs to stay flat or decrease slightly in 2010. 

Personnel related costs increased by $0.6 million in 2009 compared to 2008.  The increase was due largely to certain key executive positions that were filled in late 2008 and early 2009 as well as higher compensation costs.  This was partially offset by lower benefit costs in 2009.  We expect these costs to increase slightly in 2010.  Stock compenstation decreased slightly due to a lower valuation for options issued in 2009 due to the Company’s lower stock price.  We expect stock-based compensation will continue to decrease until our stock price increases or the amount of options issued increases.

Interest income. For the year ended December 31, 2009, interest income was less than $15,000 as compared to interest income of $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The decrease resulted from decreased cash balance in our interest bearing accounts and lower yields on our deposits.

 
Other expense, net. For the year ended December 31, 2009, net other expense was insignificant.  In 2008, we incurred a $0.1 million loss related to an impairment of our available-for-sale securities.    

Gain on change in fair market value of warrant liabilities. For the year ended December 31, 2009, we recognized a loss related to the change in fair market value of the warrant liabilities, (see Note 5) of $1.1 million.  In 2008, our gain on this warrant liability was $3.3 million.  The value of these warrants is largely dependant the price of our common stock, and as the stock price is reduced, the value of these warrants will decrease and our gain on the change in market value will increase.

 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
  
As of December 31, 2009, we had aggregate cash and cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities of $9.6 million.  In addition, pursuant to the Deerfield loan facility, we have $2.5 million that may become available to us if we achieve a certain milestone in the development of our product candidate Menadione.  However, we do not anticipate achieving this milestone by the middle of 2010, unless we are able to obtain additional capital by such time to fund the additional development needed to achieve the milestone.  We have drawn down $27.5 million of the total $30 million available under the loan facility agreement.

Through December 31, 2009, we have sustained recurring net losses, such that we have an accumulated deficit of $135.1 million and a stockholders deficit of $17.5 million.  Management expects this deficit to increase in future periods as we continue to develop our product candidates.  We expect to incur sizeable expenses in our Marqibo development program as we finalize data from the Phase 2 rALLy and prepare to initiate a rolling NDA submission in mid-2010.  We also expect to incur considerable expenses by initiating a confirmatory trial in Marqibo in 2010.  Our continued operations will depend on whether we are able to raise additional funds through various potential sources, such as equity and debt financing. Through December 31, 2009, a significant portion of our financing has been and will continue to be through private placements of common stock and debt financing.

 
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In October 2009, we entered into a securities purchase agreement to sell in a private placement an aggregate of 54,593,864 units of our securities, each unit consisting of (i) either (a) one share of common stock, or (b) a seven-year warrant to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $0.01 per share (a “Series A Warrant”), and (ii) a seven-year warrant to purchase one-tenth of one share of common stock at an exercise price of $0.60 (a “Series B Warrant”), which represented the closing bid price of our common stock on October 7, 2009.  Pursuant to the securities purchase agreement, we sold 43,562,142 units consisting of shares of common stock and Series B Warrants at a purchase price of $0.30 per unit, and 11,031,722 units consisting of Series A Warrants and Series B Warrants at a purchase price of $0.29 per unit, for total gross proceeds of approximately $16.27 million.  Of these proceeds, approximately $12.4 million was received as cash and approximately $3.87 million represents the satisfaction of an outstanding warrant redemption obligation we owed to Deerfield.  In total, Deerfield received 12,906,145 units consisting of an equal number of shares of common stock and Series B Warrants in the offering in satisfaction of our warrant redemption obligation

We do not currently have sufficient capital to fund operations through the next twelve months.  We can give no assurances that any additional capital that we are able to obtain will be sufficient to meet our needs which raises substantial doubt about our ability to continue operating as a going concern.  Given the current and desired pace of clinical development of our product candidates, we estimate that we only have sufficient cash on hand to fund clinical development into mid-2010.  We will be required to raise additional capital in 2010 in order to fund our future development activities, likely by selling shares of our capital stock or through debt financing. If we are unable to raise additional capital or enter into strategic partnerships and/or license agreements, we will be required to cease operations or curtail our desired development activities, which will delay the development of our product candidates.  There can be no assurance that such capital will be available to us on favorable terms or at all, particularly in light of the general economic conditions, which have severely limited our access to the capital markets. We will need additional financing thereafter until we can achieve profitability, if ever.

Current and Future Financing Needs. We currently do not have enough capital resources to fund our entire development plan through 2010. Our plan of operation for the year ending December 31, 2010 is to continue implementing our business strategy, including the continued development of our main product candidate Marqibo.  We expect our principal expenditures during the next 12 months to include:
 
·
operating expenses, including expanded research and development and general and administrative expenses;
 
 
·
product development expenses, including the costs incurred with respect to applications to conduct clinical trials in the United States, as well as outside of the United States, for our product candidates, including manufacturing, intellectual property prosecution and regulatory compliance.
 
 
We believe that our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, which totaled $9.6 million at December 31, 2009, will only be sufficient to meet our anticipated operating needs to mid-2010 based upon current operating and spending assumptions. However, we expect to incur substantial expenses as we continue our drug development efforts, particularly to the extent we advance our lead candidate Marqibo through a pivotal clinical study.  Pursuant to the terms of the October 2009 private placement, we agreed to use those proceeds solely for the clinical and regulatory development of our Marqibo program. Future development of our other products, including Menadione, is therefore contingent on obtaining additional financing. We cannot guarantee that future financing will be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to us, if at all.

The actual amount of funds we will need to operate is subject to many factors, some of which are beyond our control. These factors include the following:
 
·
costs associated with conducting preclinical and clinical testing;
 
 
·
costs of establishing arrangements for manufacturing our product candidates;
 
 
·
payments required under our current and any future license agreements and collaborations;
 
 
·
costs, timing and outcome of regulatory reviews;
 
 
·
costs of obtaining, maintaining and defending patents on our product candidates; and
 
 
·
costs of increased general and administrative expenses.
 
We have based our estimate on assumptions that may prove to be wrong. We may need to obtain additional funds sooner or in greater amounts than we currently anticipate. Potential sources of financing include strategic relationships, public or private sales of our stock or debt and other sources. We may seek to access the public or private equity markets when conditions are favorable due to our long-term capital requirements. We do not have any committed sources of financing at this time, and it is uncertain whether additional funding will be available when we need it on terms that will be acceptable to us, or at all.  If we raise funds by selling additional shares of common stock or other securities convertible into common stock, the ownership interest of our existing stockholders will be diluted.  If we are not able to obtain financing when needed, we will be unable to carry out our business plan. As a result, we will have to significantly limit our operations and our business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially harmed. 

 
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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any “off-balance sheet agreements,” as that term is defined by SEC regulation. We do, however, have various commitments under certain agreements, as follows:

Contractual Obligations

In the event we achieve certain milestones in connection with the development of our product candidates, we will be obligated to make milestone payments to our licensors in accordance with the terms of our license agreements, as discussed below. The development of pharmaceutical product candidates is subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including, without limitation, the following: (1) risk of delays in or discontinuation of development from lack of financing, (2) our inability to obtain necessary regulatory approvals to market the products, (3) unforeseen safety issues relating to the products, (4) our ability to enroll a sufficient number of patients in our clinical trials, and (5) dependence on third party collaborators to conduct research and development of the products. Additionally, on a historical basis, only approximately 11 % of all product candidates that enter human clinical trials are eventually approved for sale. Accordingly, we cannot state that it is reasonably likely that we will be obligated to make any milestone payments under our license agreements. Summarized below are our future commitments under our license agreements, as well as the amounts we have paid to date under such agreements.
 
Tekmira License Agreement.   In May 2006, we entered into a series of related agreements with Tekmira Pharmaceuticals Corporation, formerly Inex Pharmaceuticals Corporation. Pursuant to a license agreement with Tekmira, as amended in April 2007, we received an exclusive, worldwide license to patents, technology and other intellectual property relating to our Marqibo, Alocrest and Brakiva product candidates. We also hold an exclusive, worldwide license to other patents and intellectual property relating to these product candidates owned by the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. In addition, we entered into a sublicense agreement with Tekmira and the University of British Columbia, or UBC, which licenses to Tekmira other patents and intellectual property relating to the technology used in Marqibo, sphingosome encapsulated vinorelbine and sphingosome encapsulated topotecan. Further, Tekmira assigned to us its rights under a license agreement with Elan Pharmaceuticals, Inc., from which Tekmira had licensed additional patents and intellectual property relating to the three Optisomal product candidates.


Menadione License Agreement. In October 2006, we entered into a license agreement with the AECOM. Pursuant to the Agreement, we acquired an exclusive, worldwide, royalty-bearing license to certain patent applications, and other intellectual property relating to topical menadione. In consideration for the license, we agreed to issue the college $0.2 million of our common stock.  We also made a cash payment within 30 days of signing the agreement and we agreed to pay annual maintenance fees. Further, we agreed to make milestone payments in the aggregate amount of $2.8 million upon the achievement of various clinical and regulatory milestones, as described in the agreement, of which we have achieved one milestone and have paid AECOM total consideration of $0.3 million. We may also make annual maintenance fees as part of the agreement. We also agreed to make royalty payments to the College on net sales of any products covered by a claim in any licensed patent.

Lease Agreements. We entered into a three year sublease, which commenced on May 31, 2006, for property at 7000 Shoreline Court in South San Francisco, California, where our executive offices are located. In May 2008, we and our sublessor entered into an amendment to the sublease agreement, which increased the term of the lease from three years to four years. The total cash payments due for the duration of the sublease equaled approximately $0.9 million at December 31, 2009.

Employment Agreements. On June 6, 2008, we entered into a new employment agreement with our President and Chief Executive Officer. This agreement provides for an employment term that expires in December 2010. The minimum aggregate amount of gross salary compensation to be provided for over the remaining term of the agreement amounted to approximately $0.4 million at December 31, 2009.

 
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RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
  
In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, established the FASB Accounting Standards Codification TM, or ASC, as the source of authoritative accounting principles recognized by the FASB to be applied by nongovernmental entities in preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. All other accounting literature not included in the ASC is now nonauthoritative. The ASC was effective for financial statements issued for interim and annual periods ending after September 15, 2009 and its adoption did not have any impact on the Company’s financial statements. The ASC is updated through the FASB’s issuance of Accounting Standard Updates, or ASUs. Summarized below are recently issued accounting pronouncements as described under the new ASC structure
 
In August 2009, the FASB issued ASU No. 2009-05, “Measuring Liabilities at Fair Value,” or ASU 2009-05, which amends ASC 820 to provide clarification of circumstances in which a quoted price in an active market for an identical liability is not available. A reporting entity is required to measure fair value using one or more of the following methods: 1) a valuation technique that uses a) the quoted price of the identical liability when traded as an asset or b) quoted prices for similar liabilities (or similar liabilities when traded as assets) and/or 2) a valuation technique that is consistent with the principles of ASC 820. ASU 2009-05 also clarifies that when estimating the fair value of a liability, a reporting entity is not required to adjust to include inputs relating to the existence of transfer restrictions on that liability. The adoption of this ASU did not have an impact on the Company’s financial statements.

Not applicable.
  

The response to this Item is submitted as a separate section of this report commencing on Page F-1.
 

 
Not applicable.


Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
  
We conducted an evaluation as of December 31, 2009, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, which are defined under SEC rules as controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within required time periods. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.
  
Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
  
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act. Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and directors; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
   
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on criteria established in the Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Management’s assessment included evaluation of such elements as the design and operating effectiveness of key financial reporting controls, process documentation, accounting policies, and our overall control environment. Based on this evaluation, our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2009.
  
This annual report does not include an attestation report of the Company’s registered public accounting firm regarding internal controls over financial reporting.  Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s registered public accounting firm pursuant to the temporary rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit the Company to only provide management’s report in this annual report.

 
41

 
  
Limitations on the Effectiveness of Controls
  
Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting will prevent all error and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefit of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within Hana have been detected. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting
  
There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act) that occurred during the fourth quarter of the year ended December 31, 2009 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
  

We held a Special Meeting of Stockholders at the Radisson Sierra Point Hotel, 5000 Sierra Point Parkway in Brisbane, California on December 17, 2009. At the meeting, our stockholders approved  an amendment to our certificate of incorporation to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock from 100,000,000 to 200,000,000. The stockholders present in person or by proxy cast 42,412,546 votes in favor of proposed amendment and 2,391,571 votes against.

 
42

 
 

  
Information in response to this Item is incorporated herein by reference to our 2010 Proxy Statement to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this form 10-K.
  
  
Information in response to this Item is incorporated herein by reference to our 2010 Proxy Statement to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K.
  
SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

Equity Compensation Plan Information
  
The following table provides additional information on the Company's equity based compensation plans as of December 31, 2009:
 
Plan category
 
Number of
securities to
be
issued upon
exercise of
Outstanding
options,
warrants and
Rights
(a)
   
Weighted
average
exercise price
of
Outstanding
options,
warrants
and rights
(b)
   
Number of
Securities
Remaining
available for
future
issuance
(excluding
Securities
reflected in
column (a)
(c)
 
  
                 
Equity compensation plans not approved by stockholders-outside any plan(1)
    239,713     $ 0.65       N/A  
Equity compensation plans approved by stockholders-2003 Plan(2)
    342,997       2.95       0  
Equity compensation plans approved by stockholders-2004 Plan(2)
    4,251,328       1.80       0  
Equity compensation plans approved by stockholders-2006 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (3)
     138,315     $ 0.16        283,189  
Total
    4,972,353                 283,189  

(1)
Represents shares of common stock issuable outside of any stock option plan.
(2)
Represents shares issued under the Company's 2003 Stock Option Plan, or 2003 Plan, and 2004 Stock Incentive Plan, or 2004 Plan.  During 2004 the Company's Board of Directors adopted the 2004 Plan.  In February 2010, the Company’s Board of Directors amended the 2003 and 2004 Plans such that the total number of shares issuable under the plan equaled the total shares issuable under the current awards outstanding at the time plus any previously exercised awards.  For the 2003 plan, the total plan was reduced from 1,410,068 to 528,342 shares of common stock issuable, of which 259,664 shares are reserved for issuance for awards outstanding at the time of adoption.  For the 2004 plan, the total plan was reduced from 7,000,000 to 4,747,257 shares of common stock issuable, of which 4,279,661 shares are reserved for issuance for awards outstanding at the time of adoption. Thus, there are no shares available for issuance under these plans.  Also in February 2010, the Company adopted the 2010 Equity Incentive Plan or the 2010 Plan.  See also Note 4 of the Company's audited financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2009 included in this Annual Report.
(3)
Represents shares issued under the Company's 2006 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, or 2006 Plan. During 2006, the Company’s Board of Directors adopted the 2006 Plan. Shares to be issued are shares that were purchased on January 2, 2010.  See also Note 4 of the Company's audited financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2009 included in this Annual Report.

Information in response to this Item relating to security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management is incorporated herein by reference to our 2010 Proxy Statement to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K.

 
43

 
 
CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE
  
Information in response to this Item is incorporated herein by reference to our 2010 Proxy Statement to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K.
  
Information in response to this Item is incorporated herein by reference to our 2010 Proxy Statement to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K.

 
44

 

  

Exhibit
No.
  
 
Description
2.1
 
Agreement and Plan of Merger dated June 17, 2004 by and among the Registrant, Hudson Health Sciences, Inc. (n/k/a Hana Biosciences, Inc.) and EMLR Acquisition Corp. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.0 of the Registrant’s Form 8-K filed June 24, 2004).
3.1
 
Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Hana Biosciences, Inc., as amended (filed herewith).
3.2
 
Amended and Restated Bylaws of Hana Biosciences, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2/A (SEC File No. 333-118426) filed on October 12, 2004).
4.1
 
Specimen common stock certificate (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2/A (SEC File No. 333-118426) filed October 12, 2004).
4.2
 
Form of common stock purchase warrant issued to Paramount BioCapital, Inc. in connection with February 2004 and April 2005 private placement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 of the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-KSB (SEC File No. 000-50782) for the year ended December 31, 2004).
4.3
 
Form of option to purchase an aggregate of 138,951 shares of common stock originally issued to Yale University and certain employees thereof (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 of the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-KSB (SEC File No. 000-50782) for the year ended December 31, 2004).
4.4
 
Schedule of options in form of Exhibit 4.3 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 of the Registration’s Annual Report on Form 10-KSB (SEC. File No. 000-50782) for the year ended December 31, 2004).
4.5
 
Form of warrant issued in connection with April 2005 private placement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.5 of Registrant’s Form SB-2 (SEC File. No. 333-125083) filed on May 20, 2005).
4.6
 
Form of warrant issued in connection with Registrant’s October 2005 private placement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.6 of Registrant’s Form S-3 (SEC File No. 333-129722) filed on November 15, 2005).
4.7
 
Form of Promissory Note issued to lenders in connection with October 30, 2007 Facility Agreement. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.9 to the Registrant’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007).
4.8
 
Form of Series A warrant to purchase common stock issued in connection with October 2009 private placement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.8 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed November 3, 2009 (SEC File No. 333-162836)).
4.9
 
Schedule of warrants issued on form of warrant attached as Exhibit 4.8 hereof (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.9 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed November 3, 2009 (SEC File No. 333-162836)).
4.10
 
Form of Series B warrant to purchase common stock issued in connection with October 2009 private placement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.10 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed November 3, 2009 (SEC File No. 333-162836)).
4.11
 
Schedule of warrants issued on form of warrant attached as Exhibit 4.10 hereof (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.11 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed November 3, 2009 (SEC File No. 333-162836)).
10.1
 
Hana Biosciences, Inc. 2004 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended through June 22, 2007 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed June 27, 2007).*
10.2
 
Form of stock option agreement for use in connection with 2004 Stock Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006).*
10.3
 
2003 Stock Option Plan of Hana Biosciences, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Appendix B of the Company's Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed April 7, 2006).*
10.4
 
Summary terms of non-employee director compensation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2007).*
10.5
 
2006 Employee Stock Purchase Plan of Hana Biosciences, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Appendix D of the Company's Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed April 7, 2006).*
10.6
 
Amended and Restated License Agreement dated April 30, 2007 between the Company and Tekmira Pharmaceuticals Corp., as successor in interest to Inex Pharmaceuticals Corp. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2007)+
10.7
 
Sublicense Agreement dated May 6, 2006 among the Registrant, Inex Pharmaceuticals Corporation and the University of British Columbia (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.5 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2006).+
10.8
 
Registration Rights Agreement dated May 6, 2006 between the Registrant and Inex Pharmaceuticals Corporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.6 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2006).
10.9
 
Amended and Restated License Agreement among Elan Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Inex Pharmaceuticals Corporation (for itself and as successor in interest to IE Oncology Company Limited), as assigned to the Registrant by Inex Pharmaceuticals Corporation on May 6, 2006 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.8 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2006).

 
45

 

10.10
 
Form of common stock purchase agreement dated May 17, 2006 between the Registrant and certain investors (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of the Registrant’s Form 8-K filed May 17, 2006).
10.11
 
Sublease Agreement dated May 31, 2006 between the Registrant and MJ Research Company, Inc., including amendment thereto dated May 31, 2006 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.15 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2006).
10.12
 
Research and License Agreement dated October 9, 2006 between the Registrant and Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, a division of Yeshiva University (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.38 to the Registrant’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006).+
10.13
 
Patent and Technology License Agreement dated February 14, 2000 (including amendment dated August 15, 2000) between the Board of Regents of the University of Texas System on behalf of the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center and Hana Biosciences, Inc., as successor in interest to Inex Pharmaceuticals Corp. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2007).+
10.14
 
Facility Agreement dated October 30, 2007 among Hana Biosciences, Inc., Deerfield Private Design Fund, L.P., Deerfield Special Situations Fund L.P., Deerfield Special Situations Fund International Limited, and Deerfield Private Design International, L.P. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.24 to the Registrant’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007).
10.15
 
Security Agreement dated October 30, 2007 between Hana Biosciences, Inc. in favor of Deerfield Private Design Fund, L.P., Deerfield Special Situations Fund L.P., Deerfield Special Situations Fund International Limited, and Deerfield Private Design International, L.P. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.25 to the Registrant’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007).
10.16
 
Letter agreement dated March 16, 2008 between Hana Biosciences, Inc. and Anne E. Hagey, M.D. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2008).*
10.17
 
Employment Agreement by and between Hana Biosciences, Inc. and Steven R. Deitcher, dated June 6, 2008 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Company’s Form 8-K filed June 11, 2008).
10.18
 
Second Amendment to Sublease Agreement dated May 19, 2008 by and between MJ Research Company and Hana Biosciences, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2008).
10.19
 
Amendment No. 1 dated June 2, 2009 to Amended and Restated License Agreement dated April 30, 2007 between Hana Biosciences, Inc. and Tekmira Pharmaceuticals Corp. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2009).+
10.20
 
Agreement dated September 3, 2009 by and among Hana Biosciences, Inc., Deerfield Private Design Fund, L.P., Deerfield Special Situations Fund L.P., Deerfield Special Situations Fund International Limited, and Deerfield Private Design International, L.P. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed September 10, 2009).
10.21
 
Form of Securities Purchase Agreement entered into among the Company and certain accredited investors on October 7, 2009 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed October 8, 2009).
10.22
 
Hana Biosciences, Inc. 2010 Equity Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed February 22, 2010).*
10.23
 
Form of Stock Option Agreement under 2010 Equity Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed February 22, 2010).*
23.1
 
Consent of BDO Seidman, LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm (filed herewith).
24.1
 
Power of Attorney (included on signature page hereof).
31.1
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer (filed herewith).
31.2
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer (filed herewith).
32.1
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith).
 

 
+
Confidential treatment has been granted as to certain omitted portions of this exhibit pursuant to Rule 406 of the Securities Act or Rule 24b-2 of the Exchange Act.
*
Indicates a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement required to be filed as an exhibit to this Form 10-K.

 
46

 


Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
         
HANA BIOSCIENCES, INC.
   
  
     
Date: March 25, 2010
By:  
/s/ Steven R. Deitcher
   
Steven R. Deitcher, M.D
   
President and Chief Executive Officer
  
POWER OF ATTORNEY
 
KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Steven R. Deitcher and Tyler M. Nielsen, and each of them, his or her true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for him or her and in his or her name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this annual report on Form 10-K, and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto, and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in connection therewith, as fully to all intents and purposes as he or she might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorney-in-fact and agent or his substitutes or substitute, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof. Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act, this report has been duly signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
Signature
  
Title
  
Date
  
  
  
  
  
/s/  Steven R. Deitcher
  
President, Chief Executive Officer and Director
(principal executive officer)
  
March 25, 2010
Steven R. Deitcher
  
 
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
/s/  Tyler M. Nielsen
  
Interim Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and
Controller (principal financial and accounting officer)
  
March 25, 2010
Tyler M. Nielsen
  
 
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
 /s/  Howard P. Furst
  
Director
  
March 24, 2010
Howard P. Furst
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
/s/  Paul V. Maier
 
Director
 
March 24, 2010
Paul V. Maier
       
  
  
  
  
  
/s/  Leon E. Rosenberg
  
Director
  
March 24, 2010
Leon E. Rosenberg
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
/s/  Michael Weiser
  
Director
  
March 24, 2010
Michael Weiser
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
Director
  
March 24, 2010
Linda (Lyn) E. Wiesinger
  
  
  
  

 
47

 

Hana Biosciences, Inc.
  
Audited Financial Statements:   

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
F-2
Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2009 and 2008
 
F-3
Statements of Operations and Other Comprehensive Loss for the Years Ended December 31, 2009 and 2008
 
F-4
Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Equity (Deficit) for the Years Ended December 31, 2009 and 2008
 
F-5
Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2009 and 2008
 
F-6
Notes to Financial Statements
 
F-7

 
F-1

 

 
Board of Directors and Stockholders
Hana Biosciences, Inc.
South San Francisco, California
 
We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Hana Biosciences, Inc. as of December 31, 2009 and 2008 and the related statements of operations and comprehensive loss, stockholders’ equity (deficit), and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2009.  These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management.  Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement.  The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting.  Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.  An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements and schedules.  We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Hana Biosciences, Inc. at December 31, 2009 and 2008, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2009, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, the Company has suffered recurring losses from operations and has a net capital deficiency.  These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 1. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 /s/ BDO SEIDMAN, LLP
 
BDO SEIDMAN, LLP
 
   
San Francisco, California
 
March 25, 2010
 

 
F-2

 

HANA BIOSCIENCES, INC.

BALANCE SHEETS

   
December 31,
2009
   
December 31,
2008
 
ASSETS
           
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 9,570,453     $ 13,999,080  
Available-for-sale securities
    68,000       128,000  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    114,067       131,663  
Total current assets
    9,752,520       14,258,743  
                 
Property and equipment, net
    252,455       400,168  
Restricted cash
    125,000       125,000  
Debt issuance costs
    1,193,594       1,361,356  
Total assets
  $ 11,323,569     $ 16,145,267  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
  $ 4,027,075     $ 4,225,863  
Other short-term liabilities
    43,586       61,341  
Warrant liabilities, short-term
          1,450,479  
Total current liabilities
    4,070,661       5,737,683  
Notes payable, net of discount
    22,597,050       16,851,541  
Warrant liabilities, long-term
    2,145,511        
Other long-term liabilities
    6,540       41,775  
Total long term liabilities
    24,749,101       16,893,316  
Total liabilities
    28,819,762       22,630,999  
Commitments and contingencies (Notes 3, 5 ,8, 10, 12 and 15):
               
                 
Stockholders' deficit:
               
Common stock; $0.001 par value:
               
200,000,000 and 100,000,000 shares authorized, 79,649,976 and 32,386,130 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively
    79,650       32,386  
Additional paid-in capital
    117,572,373       104,431,469  
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
    (24,000 )     36,000  
Accumulated deficit
    (135,124,216 )     (110,985,587 )
Total stockholders' deficit
    (17,496,193 )     (6,485,732 )
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit
  $ 11,323,569     $ 16,145,267  
 
See accompanying notes to financial statements.

 
F-3

 

HANA BIOSCIENCES, INC.

STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
 
   
Years Ended
December 31,
 
   
2009
   
2008
 
             
Operating expenses:
           
General and administrative
  $ 3,986,992     $ 5,800,595  
Research and development
    15,613,105       18,426,757  
Total operating expenses
    19,600,097       24,227,352  
                 
Loss from operations
    (19,600,097 )     (24,227,352 )
                 
Other income (expense):
               
Interest income
    12,935       336,968  
Interest expense
    (3,442,893 )     (1,415,913 )
Other expense, net
    (4,908 )     (130,622 )
Change in fair market value of warrant liabilities
    (1,103,666 )     3,265,090  
                 
Total other income (expense)
    (4,538,532 )     2,055,523  
                 
Net loss
  $ (24,138,629 )   $ (22,171,829 )
Net loss per share, basic and diluted
  $ (0.57 )   $ (0.69 )
Weighted average shares used in computing net loss per share, basic and diluted
    42,551,419       32,295,455  
                 
Comprehensive loss:
               
Net loss
  $ (24,138,629 )   $ (22,171,829 )
Unrealized holdings gains (losses) arising during the period
    (60,000 )     32,000  
Less: reclassification adjustment for losses included in net loss
          108,000  
Comprehensive loss
  $ (24,198,629 )   $ (22,031,829 )
 
See accompanying notes to financial statements.

 
F-4

 

HANA BIOSCIENCES, INC.

STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)

   
Common Stock
                         
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Additional
paid-in
capital
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
income (loss)
   
Accumulated
deficit
   
Total
stockholders'
equity (deficit)
 
                                     
Balance at January 1, 2008
    32,169,553     $ 32,170     $ 101,843,390     $ (104,000 )   $ (88,813,758 )   $ 12,957,802  
                                                 
Stock-based compensation of employees amortized over vesting period of stock options
                2,410,396                   2,410,396  
                                                 
Share-based compensation to nonemployees for services
                (825 )                 (825 )
                                                 
Issuance of shares under employee stock purchase plan
    82,168       82       53,642                   53,724  
                                                 
Issuance of shares-partial consideration of license milestone
    134,409       134       124,866                   125,000  
                                                 
Unrealized gain on marketable securities
                      140,000             140,000  
                                                 
Net loss
                            (22,171,829 )     (22,171,829 )
                                                 
Balance at December 31, 2008
    32,386,130     $ 32,386     $ 104,431,469     $ 36,000     $ (110,985,587 )   $ (6,485,732 )
                                                 
Stock-based compensation of employees amortized over vesting period of stock options
                1,046,926                   1,046,926  
                                                 
Issuance of shares under employee stock purchase plan
    196,874       197       39,965                   40,162  
                                                 
Issuance of shares upon exercise of warrants
    3,504,827       3,505       662,651                   666,156  
                                                 
Proceeds from October 2009 from private placement
    30,655,999       30,656       7,804,679                   7,835,335  
                                                 
Issuance of shares to satisfy warrant redemption obligation
    12,906,146       12,906       3,586,683                   3,599,589  
                                                 
Unrealized loss on marketable securities
                      (60,000 )           (60,000 )