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EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14 - PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPdex311.htm
EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 - PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPdex321.htm
EX-32.2 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 - PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPdex322.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14 - PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPdex312.htm
EX-14.1 - JOINT CODE OF ETHICS OF THE REGISTRANT - PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPdex141.htm
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

   FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2009

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

   FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                          TO                         

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 814-00736

 

 

PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

MARYLAND   20-8250744

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

590 Madison Avenue,

15th Floor New York, N.Y.

  10022
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (212)-905-1000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share   The NASDAQ Global Select Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨.

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ¨    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer” and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer  ¨.    Accelerated filer  x.    Non-accelerated filer  ¨.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x.

The aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant on September 30, 2009 based on the closing price on that date of $8.11 on the NASDAQ Global Select Market was approximately $200.1 million. For the purposes of calculating this amount only, all directors and executive officers of the Registrant have been treated as affiliates. There were 25,808,772 shares of the Registrant’s common stock outstanding as of November 18, 2009.

Documents Incorporated by Reference: Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement relating to the Registrant’s 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Report.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPORATION

FORM 10-K

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2009

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

   PART I   
Item 1.    Business    1
Item 1A.    Risk Factors    15
Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments    27
Item 2.    Properties    27
Item 3.    Legal Proceedings    27
Item 4.    Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders    27
   PART II   
Item 5.    Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities    28
Item 6.    Selected Financial Data    30
Item 7.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations    31
Item 7A.    Quantitative And Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk    38
Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data    39
Item 9.    Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure    62
Item 9A.    Controls and Procedures    62
Item 9B.    Other Information    62
   PART III   
Item 10.    Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance    63
Item 11.    Executive Compensation    63
Item 12.    Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters    63
Item 13.    Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence    63
Item 14.    Principal Accountant Fees and Services    63
   PART IV   
Item 15.    Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules    64
   Signatures    65


Table of Contents

PART I

In this annual report on Form 10-K, except where the context suggests otherwise, the terms “we,” “us,” “our” and “PennantPark Investment” refer to PennantPark Investment Corporation; “PennantPark Investment Advisers” or the “Investment Adviser” refers to PennantPark Investment Advisers, LLC; “PennantPark Investment Administration” or the “Administrator” refers to PennantPark Investment Administration, LLC. Some of the statements in this annual report constitute forward-looking statements, which relate to future events or our future performance or financial condition. The forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties and our actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements for any reason, including those factors discussed in “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this report, or the Report.

 

Item 1. Business

PennantPark Investment Corporation

PennantPark Investment Corporation, a Maryland corporation organized on January 11, 2007, is a closed-end, externally managed, non-diversified investment company that has elected to be treated as a business development company under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the “1940 Act”). In addition, for tax purposes we have elected to be treated as a regulated investment company (“RIC”), under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”).

Our investment objectives are to generate both current income and capital appreciation through debt and equity investments primarily in U.S. middle-market private companies in the form of mezzanine debt, senior secured loans and equity investments. We consider our core assets, by value and investment focus, to consist of subordinate debt, second lien secured debt, certain senior secured investments, and to a lesser extent, equity investments.

PennantPark Investment seeks to create a diversified portfolio that includes mezzanine debt, senior secured loans and equity investments by investing approximately $10 to $50 million of capital, on average, in the securities of middle-market companies. In this Report, we use the term “middle-market” to refer to companies with annual revenues between $50 million and $1 billion. We expect this investment size to vary proportionately with the size of our capital base. The companies in which we invest are typically highly leveraged, and, in most cases, are not rated by national rating agencies. If such companies were rated, we believe that they would typically receive a rating below investment grade (between BB and CCC under the Standard & Poor’s system) from the national rating agencies. In addition, we expect our debt investments to generally range in maturity from three to ten years.

We are currently operating in a constrained credit market. Our investment activity depends on many factors, including the amount of debt and equity capital available to middle-market companies, the level of merger and acquisition activity for such companies, the general economic environment and the competitive environment for the types of investments we make. The turmoil in the credit markets has adversely affected each of these factors and has resulted in a broad-based reduction in the demand for, and valuation of, high-risk debt instruments. These conditions may present us with attractive investment opportunities, as we believe that there are many middle-market companies that need senior secured and mezzanine debt financing. However, these market conditions may also adversely affect our portfolio valuations and increase the risk of default among our portfolio companies, which could negatively impact our performance. We have used, and will continue to use, the proceeds of our public offerings of securities and of our credit facility in accordance with our investment objectives. We did not experience compromised liquidity during the recent turmoil in the global credit markets because of our ability to sell loans from our senior secured portfolio, our availability under our credit facility, and our ability to access the capital markets to issue common stock.

For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009, we purchased $112.7 million of investments issued by eleven new and eight existing portfolio companies with an overall weighted average yield of 14.5% on debt investments. This compares to purchasing $206.8 million of investments, issued by fourteen new and two existing portfolio companies with an overall average yield of 13.8% on debt investments during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2008 and purchases of $414.0 million of investments, issued by eight new and five existing portfolio companies with an overall average yield of 13.0% on debt investments during the period April 24, 2007 (the date of our initial public offering) to September 30, 2007.

For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009, sales and repayments generated proceeds of $28.0 million. This compares to sales and repayments that generated proceeds for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2008 of $70.1 million, and for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007 sales and repayments generated proceeds of $99.6 million.

        As of September 30, 2009, our portfolio totaled $469.8 million and consisted of $157.1 million of subordinated debt, $134.4 million of second lien secured debt, $150.6 million of senior secured loans and $27.7 million of preferred and common equity investments. Our core assets totaled $427.1 million and consisted of investments in thirty different companies with an average investment size of $14.2 million per company and a weighted average yield of 12.5% on debt investments. Our non-core senior secured loan portfolio totaled $42.7 million and consisted of thirteen different companies (including one company also in our core portfolio) with an average investment size of $3.3 million, and a weighted average yield of 3.1%. Our portfolio consisted of 53% fixed-rate and 47% variable-rate investments. Overall, the portfolio had an unrealized depreciation of $27.5 million. Our overall portfolio consisted of forty-two companies with an average investment size of $11.2 million, a weighted average yield on debt investments of 11.4%, and was invested 33% in subordinated debt, 29% in second lien secured debt, 32% in senior secured loans and 6% in preferred and common equity investments.

As of September 30, 2008, our portfolio totaled $372.1 million and consisted of $166.2 million of subordinated debt, $104.2 million of second lien secured debt, $78.8 million of senior secured loans and $22.9 million of preferred and common equity investments. Our core assets totaled $305.5 million and consisted of investments in nineteen different companies with an average investment size of $16.1 million per company and a weighted average yield of 12.5% on debt investments. Our non-core senior secured loan portfolio totaled $66.6 million and consisted of nineteen different companies (including one company also in our core portfolio) with an average investment size of $3.5 million, and a weighted average yield of 5.2%. Our portfolio consisted of 45% fixed-rate and 55% variable-rate investments. Overall, the portfolio had an unrealized depreciation of $72.0 million. Our overall portfolio consisted of thirty-seven companies with an average investment size of $10.1 million, a weighted average yield on debt investments of 11.1%, and was invested 45% in subordinated debt, 28% in second lien secured debt, 21% in senior secured loans and 6% in preferred and common equity investments.

 

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Information Available

Our address is 590 Madison Avenue, 15th Floor, New York, NY 10022. Our phone number is (212) 905-1000 and our internet address is www.pennantpark.com. We make available, free of charge, on our website our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC. Information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into this annual report on Form 10-K and you should not consider information contained on our website to be part of this annual report on Form 10-K or any other report we file with the SEC.

Operating Structure

Our investment activities are managed by PennantPark Investment Advisers. Under our Investment Management Agreement, we have agreed to pay our Investment Adviser an annual base management fee based on our average adjusted gross total assets as well as an incentive fee based on our investment performance. See “Business – Investment Management Agreement.”

We have also entered into an Administration Agreement with the Administrator. Under our Administration Agreement, we have agreed to reimburse the Administrator for our allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by the Administrator in performing its obligations under our Administration Agreement, including rent and our allocable portion of the costs of compensation and related expenses of our chief compliance officer, chief financial officer and their respective staffs. See “Business – Administration Agreement.”

If any of our contractual obligations discussed above is terminated, our costs under new agreements that we enter into may increase. In addition, we will likely incur significant time and expense in locating alternative parties to provide the services we expect to receive under our Investment Management Agreement and our Administration Agreement. Any new Investment Management Agreement would also be subject to approval by our stockholders. Our activities are supervised by our board of directors, a majority of whom are independent of us and our Investment Adviser.

Our Investment Adviser and Administrator

We utilize the investing experience and contacts of Arthur H. Penn, the founder of PennantPark Investment Corporation and PennantPark Investment Advisers, as well as the other investment professionals of the Investment Adviser. Mr. Penn has over 20 years of experience in the mezzanine lending, leveraged finance, distressed debt and private equity businesses. He has been involved in originating, structuring, negotiating, consummating, managing and monitoring investments in each of these businesses. Mr. Penn was a Co-founder and former Managing Partner of Apollo Investment Management, which is the investment adviser of Apollo Investment Corporation, a publicly traded business development company. Mr. Penn served as the Chief Operating Officer and a member of the investment committee of Apollo Investment from its inception in April 2004 through February 2006 and was its President and Chief Operating Officer from February 2006 through November 30, 2006.

During his more than 20-year career in the financial services industry, Mr. Penn has developed a network of financial sponsor relationships as well as relationships with management teams, investment bankers, attorneys and accountants, which provide us with access to substantial investment opportunities.

Our Investment Adviser has three experienced investment professionals, in addition to Mr. Penn. These professionals, Geoffrey Chang, Salvatore Giannetti III and Whit Williams, have a combined 48 years of experience in the mezzanine, private equity and leveraged finance businesses. Our Administrator has experienced professionals including, Aviv Efrat, who serves as our Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer. Mr. Efrat has extensive experience in finance and administration of registered investment companies.

In addition to furnishing us with clerical, bookkeeping and record keeping services, the Administrator also oversees our financial records as well as the preparation of our reports to stockholders and reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC. The Administrator oversees the determination and publication of our net asset value, oversees the preparation and filing of our tax returns and generally monitors the payment of our expenses and the performance of administrative and professional services rendered to us by others. Furthermore, our Administrator provides, on our behalf, managerial assistance to those portfolio companies to which we are required to provide such assistance. See “Risk Factors—Risks Related to our Business and Structure.”

Market Opportunity

We believe that the size of the middle-market companies, coupled with the demands of these companies for flexible sources of capital, creates an attractive investment environment for PennantPark Investment.

 

   

We believe middle-market companies have faced increasing difficulty in raising debt through the capital markets. While many middle-market companies were formerly able to raise funds by issuing high-yield bonds, we believe this approach to financing has become more difficult as institutional investors have sought to invest in larger, more liquid offerings. We believe this has made it harder for middle-market companies to raise funds by issuing high-yield debt securities.

 

   

We believe that the current credit market dislocation improves the risk/reward of our investments. The downturn in the credit market has resulted in less competition, more conservative capital structures, higher yields and stronger covenants.

 

   

We believe there is a large pool of uninvested private equity capital likely to seek to combine their capital with sources of debt capital to complete private investments. We expect that private equity firms will continue to be active investors in middle-market companies. These private equity funds generally seek to leverage their investments by combining capital with mezzanine loans and/or senior secured loans provided by other sources, and we believe that our capital is well-positioned to partner with such equity investors. We expect such activity to be funded by the substantial amounts of private equity capital that have been raised in recent years.

 

   

We believe that opportunities to invest mezzanine and other debt capital will remain strong. We expect that the volume of domestic “public-to-private” transactions as well as the number of companies selecting a “sale” alternative versus raising capital in the public equity markets as a means of increasing liquidity will remain large. Additionally, the cost and effort associated with being a public company in the United States have become more onerous, causing many management teams to consider alternative liquidity strategies.

 

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Competitive Advantages

We believe that we have the following competitive advantages over other capital providers in middle-market companies:

Disciplined Investment Approach with Strong Value Orientation

We employ a disciplined approach in selecting investments that meet our value-oriented investment criteria employed by the Investment Adviser. Our value-oriented investment philosophy focuses on preserving capital and ensuring that our investments have an appropriate return profile in relation to risk. When market conditions make it difficult for us to invest according to our criteria, we are highly selective in deploying our capital. We believe our approach has and will continue to enable us to build an attractive investment portfolio that meets our return and value criteria over the long-term.

We believe it is critical to conduct extensive due diligence on investment targets. In evaluating new investments we, through our Investment Adviser, conduct a rigorous due diligence process that draws from our Investment Adviser’s experience, industry expertise and network of contacts. Among other things, our due diligence is designed to ensure that each prospective portfolio company will be able to meet its debt service obligations. See “Business – Investment Selection Criteria.”

Ability to Source and Evaluate Transactions through our Investment Adviser’s Research Capability and Established Network

The management team of the Investment Adviser has long-term relationships with financial sponsors, management consultants and management teams that we believe enable us to evaluate investment opportunities effectively in numerous industries, as well as provide us access to substantial information concerning those industries. We identify potential investments both through active origination and through dialogue with numerous financial sponsors, management teams, members of the financial community and corporate partners with whom the professionals of our Investment Adviser have long-term relationships.

Flexible Transaction Structuring

Our Investment Adviser seeks to minimize the risk of capital loss without foregoing potential for capital appreciation. In making investment decisions, we seek to invest in companies that we believe can generate positive risk-adjusted returns.

We believe that the in-depth coverage and experience of our Investment Adviser, will enable us to invest throughout various stages of the economic cycle and to provide us with ongoing market insights in addition to a significant investment sourcing engine.

Longer Investment Horizon with Attractive Publicly Traded Model

Unlike private equity and venture capital funds, we are not subject to standard periodic capital return requirements. Such requirements typically stipulate that funds raised by a private equity or venture capital fund, together with any capital gains on such invested funds, can only be invested once and must be returned to investors after a pre-agreed time period. We believe that our flexibility to make investments with a long-term view and without the capital return requirements of traditional private investment vehicles enables us to generate returns on invested capital and to be a better long-term partner for our portfolio companies.

Competition

Our primary competitors provide financing to middle-market companies and include other business development companies, commercial and investment banks, commercial financing companies and, to the extent they provide an alternative form of financing, private equity funds. Additionally, alternative investment vehicles, such as hedge funds, frequently invest in middle-market companies. As a result, competition for investment opportunities at middle-market companies can be intense. However, we believe that there has been a reduction in the amount of debt capital available since the downturn in the credit markets, which began in mid-2007. We believe this has resulted in a less competitive environment for making new investments.

Many of our competitors are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial, technical and marketing resources than we do. For example, we believe some competitors have a lower cost of funds and access to funding sources that are not available to us. In addition, some of our competitors have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments, which could allow them to consider a wider variety of investments and establish more relationships than us. Furthermore, many of our competitors are not subject to the regulatory restrictions that the 1940 Act imposes on us as a business development company.

We use the industry information available to our Investment Adviser to assess investment risks and determine appropriate pricing for our investments in portfolio companies. We benefit from the relationships of our Investment Adviser, which enables us to learn about, and compete effectively for, financing opportunities with attractive middle-market companies in the industries in which we invest. For additional information concerning the competitive risks we face, please see “Risk Factors—Risks Relating to our Business and Structure—We operate in a highly competitive market for investment opportunities.”

Leverage

We maintain a five-year, multi-currency $300.0 million senior secured credit facility, which matures in 2012, with a group of lenders, under which we had $225.1 million (including a $7.0 million temporary draw) and $202.0 million (including a $40.0 million temporary draw) of indebtedness outstanding at September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Pricing of borrowings under our credit facility is set at 100 basis points over LIBOR. We believe that our capital resources will provide us with the flexibility to take advantage of market opportunities when they arise.

Investment Policy Overview

PennantPark Investment seeks to create a diversified portfolio that includes mezzanine debt, senior secured loans and equity by targeting investment size of $10 to $50 million in securities of middle-market companies. We expect this investment size to vary proportionately with the size of our capital base. The companies in which we invest are typically highly leveraged, and, in most cases, are not rated by national rating agencies. If such companies were rated, we believe that they would typically receive a rating below investment grade (between BB and CCC under the Standard & Poor’s system) from the national rating agencies. In addition, we expect our debt investments to range in maturity from three to ten years.

 

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Over time, we expect that our portfolio will continue to consist primarily of mezzanine debt, senior secured loans and, to a lesser extent, equity investments in qualifying assets such as private or thinly traded or small market-cap, public middle-market U.S. companies. In addition, we may invest up to 30% of our portfolio in non-qualifying assets. See “Regulation—Qualifying Assets.” These investments may include investments in public companies whose securities are not thinly traded or do not have a market capitalization of less than $250 million, securities of middle-market companies located outside of the United States and investment companies as defined in the 1940 Act. We expect that these companies will generally issue debt securities that are not investment grade. Moreover, we may acquire investments in the secondary market.

Additionally, we may in the future seek to securitize our loans to generate cash for funding new investments. To securitize loans, we may create a wholly owned subsidiary and contribute a pool of loans to the subsidiary. This could include sales of interests in the subsidiary on a non-recourse basis to purchasers who we would expect to be willing to accept a lower interest rate to invest in investment grade loan pools, and we would retain a portion of the equity in the securitized pool of loans. See “Investment Policy Overview —Investment selection criteria.”

Our board of directors has the authority to modify or waive certain of our operating policies and strategies without prior notice and without stockholder approval (except as required by the 1940 Act). However, absent stockholder approval, we may not change the nature of our business so as to cease to be, or withdraw our election as, a business development company. We cannot predict the effect any changes to our current operating policies and strategies would have on our business, operating results and value of our stock. Nevertheless, the effects may adversely affect our business and impact our ability to make distributions.

Mezzanine Debt

Structurally, mezzanine debt (which we define to include second lien secured debt and subordinated debt) usually ranks subordinate in priority of payment to senior secured loans. Our second lien secured debt is subordinated debt that benefits from a collateral interest in the borrower. As such, other creditors may rank senior to us in the event of insolvency. However, mezzanine debt ranks senior to common and preferred equity in a borrowers’ capital structures. Due to its higher risk profile and often less restrictive covenants as compared to senior secured loans, mezzanine debt generally earns a higher return than senior secured loans. In many cases mezzanine investors receive opportunities to invest directly in the equity investments of borrowers and from time to time may also receive warrants to purchase equity investments. We evaluate these investment opportunities on a case-by-case basis.

Senior Secured Debt

Structurally, senior secured debt (which we define to include first lien debt) ranks senior in priority of payment to mezzanine debt and equity, and usually benefits from a senior collateral interest in the borrower. As such, other creditors rank junior to our investments in these securities in the event of insolvency. Due to its lower risk profile and often more restrictive covenants as compared to mezzanine debt, senior secured debt generally earns a lower return than mezzanine debt. In some cases senior secured lenders receive opportunities to invest directly in the equity securities of borrowers and from time to time may also receive warrants to purchase equity securities. We evaluate these investment opportunities on a case-by-case basis.

Our Portfolio

Our principal investment focus is to provide mezzanine debt and senior secured loans to U.S. middle-market companies in a variety of industries. We generally seek to target companies that generate positive cash flows from the broad variety of industries in which our Investment Adviser has direct expertise. We may invest in other industries if we are presented with attractive opportunities. The following is a sample list of the industries in which we have invested:

 

   

Aerospace and Defense

 

   

Business Services

 

   

Chemicals, Plastics and Rubber

 

   

Consumer Products

 

   

Education

 

   

Energy/Utilities

 

   

Environmental Services

 

   

Healthcare, Education and Childcare

 

   

Hotels, Motels, Inns and Gaming

 

   

Insurance

 

   

Logistics

 

   

Oil and Gas

 

   

Transportation


 

Listed below are our top ten portfolio companies and industries represented as a percentage of portfolio assets (excluding cash equivalents) as of:

 

Portfolio Company

   September 30,
2009
  

Portfolio Company

   September 30,
2008
CT Technologies    6%    i2 Holdings, LTD.    7%
i2 Holdings, LTD.    6%    UP Acquisition Sub Inc.    7%
UP Acquisition Sub Inc.    6%    Brand Energy and Infrastructure Services, Inc.    6%
Affinion Group Holding, Inc.    5%    CT Technologies    6%
Brand Energy and Infrastructure Services, Inc.    5%    Trizetto Group, Inc.    6%
Saint Acquisition Corp.    5%    Affinion Group Holding, Inc.    5%
Specialized Technology Resources, Inc.    5%    IDQ Holdings, Inc.    5%
Trizetto Group, Inc.    5%    Performance Holdings, Inc.    5%
IDQ Holdings, Inc.    4%    Specialized Technology Resources, Inc.    5%
Lyondell Chemical Co.    4%    TransFirst Holdings, Inc.    4%

 

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Industry

   September 30,
2009
  

Industry

   September 30,
2008
Chemicals, Plastics and Rubber    9%    Aerospace and Defense    10%  
Aerospace and Defense    8%    Other Media    10%  
Business Services    7%    Business Services    8%
Healthcare, Education and Childcare    7%    Oil and Gas    7%
Hotels, Motels, Inns and Gaming    7%    Consumer Products    6%
Oil and Gas    6%    Energy / Utilities    6%
Consumer Products    5%    Healthcare, Education and Childcare    6%
Energy/Utilities    5%    Insurance    6%
Insurance    5%    Auto Sector    5%
Transportation    5%    Chemicals, Plastics and Rubber    5%

We may invest, to the extent permitted by law, in the securities and instruments of other investment companies and companies that would be investment companies but are excluded from the definition of an investment company provided in Section 3(c) of the 1940 Act. We may also co-invest in the future on a concurrent basis with affiliates of PennantPark Investment, subject to compliance with applicable regulations and our allocation procedures. Some types of negotiated co-investments may be made only if we receive an order from the SEC permitting us to do so. There can be no assurance that any such order will be obtained.

On September 30, 2009, our portfolio consisted of forty-two companies and was invested 33% in subordinated debt, 29% in second lien secured debt, 32% in senior secured loans, and 6% in preferred and common equity investments.

Investment Selection Criteria

We are committed to a value oriented philosophy used by the investment professionals who manage our portfolio and seek to minimize the risk of capital loss without foregoing potential for capital appreciation.

We have identified several criteria that we believe are important in identifying and investing in prospective portfolio companies. These criteria provide general guidelines for our investment decisions. However, we caution that not all of these criteria will be met by each prospective portfolio company in which we choose to invest.

Generally, we seek to use our experience and access to market information to identify investment candidates and to structure investments quickly and effectively.

Value orientation and positive cash flow

Our investment philosophy places a premium on fundamental analysis from an investor’s perspective and has a distinct value orientation. We focus on companies in which we can invest at relatively low multiples of operating cash flow and that are profitable at the time of investment on an operating cash flow basis. Typically, we do not expect to invest in start-up companies or companies having speculative business plans.

Experienced management and established financial sponsor relationship

We generally require that our portfolio companies have an experienced management team. We also require the portfolio companies to have proper incentives in place to induce management to succeed and to act in concert with our interests as investors, including having significant equity interests. In addition, we focus our investments in companies backed by strong financial sponsors that have a history of creating value and with whom members of our Investment Adviser have an established relationship.

Strong and defensible competitive market position in industry

We seek to invest in target companies that have developed leading market positions within their respective markets and are well positioned to capitalize on growth opportunities. We also seek companies that demonstrate significant competitive advantages versus their competitors, which should help to protect their market position and profitability.

Viable exit strategy

We seek to invest in companies that we believe will provide a steady stream of cash flow to repay our loans and reinvest in their respective businesses. We expect that such internally generated cash flow, leading to the payment of interest on, and the repayment of the principal of, our investments in portfolio companies to be a key means by which we exit from our investments over time. In addition, we also seek to invest in companies whose business models and expected future cash flows offer attractive exit possibilities. These companies include candidates for strategic acquisition by other industry participants and companies that may repay our investments through an initial public offering of common stock or another capital market transaction.

Due diligence

We believe it is critical to conduct extensive due diligence on investment targets and in evaluating new investments. We, through our Investment Adviser, conduct a rigorous due diligence process that is applied to prospective portfolio companies that draws from our Investment Adviser’s experience, industry expertise and network of contacts. In conducting due diligence, our Investment Adviser uses publicly available information as well as information from its relationships with former and current management teams, consultants, competitors and investment bankers.

Our due diligence typically includes:

 

   

review of historical and prospective financial information;

 

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on-site visits;

 

   

interviews with management, employees, customers and vendors of the potential portfolio company;

 

   

review of loan documents;

 

   

background checks; and

 

   

research relating to the company’s management, industry, markets, products and services and competitors.

Upon the completion of due diligence and a decision to proceed with an investment in a company, the principals leading the investment present the investment opportunity to our Investment Adviser’s investment committee. This committee determines whether to pursue the potential investment. All new investments are required to be reviewed by the investment committee of our Investment Adviser, which currently consists of Messrs. Penn, Chang, Giannetti and Williams, subject to approval by Mr. Penn. As our Investment Adviser adds senior investment professionals, our Investment Adviser may add them to its investment committee. The members of the investment committee receive no compensation from us. These members are employees of our Investment Adviser and receive compensation from our Investment Adviser.

Additional due diligence with respect to any investment may be conducted on our behalf by attorneys and independent auditors prior to the closing of the investment, as well as other outside advisers, as appropriate.

Investment structure

Once we determine that a prospective portfolio company is suitable for investment, we work with the management of that company and its other capital providers, including senior, junior and equity capital providers, to structure an investment. We negotiate among these parties to agree on how our investment is expected to perform relative to the other capital in the portfolio company’s capital structure.

Mezzanine debt typically has interest-only payments in the early years, with amortization of principal deferred to the later years of the mezzanine debt. In some cases, we may enter into mezzanine debt that, by its terms, converts into equity or additional debt securities or defers payments of interest for the first few years after our investment. Also, in some cases our mezzanine debt may be collateralized by a subordinated lien on some or all of the assets of the borrower. Typically, our mezzanine debt has maturities of three to ten years.

We expect our senior secured loans to have terms of three to ten years. We generally obtain security interests in the assets of our portfolio companies that will serve as collateral in support of the repayment of these loans. This collateral may take the form of first or second priority liens on the assets of a portfolio company.

In the case of our mezzanine debt and senior secured loan investments, we seek to tailor the terms of the investment to the facts and circumstances of the transaction and the prospective portfolio company, negotiating a structure that protects our rights and manages our risk while creating incentives for the portfolio company to achieve its business plan and improve its profitability. For example, in addition to seeking a senior position in the capital structure of our portfolio companies, we seek to limit the downside potential of our investments by:

 

   

requiring a total return on our investments (including both interest and potential equity appreciation) that compensates us for credit risk;

 

   

incorporating “put” rights and call protection into the investment structure; and

 

   

negotiating covenants in connection with our investments that afford our portfolio companies as much flexibility in managing their businesses as possible, consistent with preservation of our capital. Such restrictions may include affirmative and negative covenants, default penalties, lien protection, change of control provisions and board rights, including either observation or participation rights.

Our investments may include equity features, such as direct investments in the equity securities of borrowers or warrants or options to buy a minority interest in a portfolio company. Any warrants we may receive with our debt securities generally require only a nominal cost to exercise, so as a portfolio company appreciates in value, we may achieve additional investment return from these equity investments. We may structure the warrants to provide provisions protecting our rights as a minority-interest holder, as well as puts, or rights to sell such securities back to the company, upon the occurrence of specified events. In many cases, we may also obtain registration rights in connection with these equity investments, which may include demand and “piggyback” registration rights.

We expect to hold most of our core investments to maturity or repayment, but may sell certain investments earlier if a liquidity event takes place, such as the sale or recapitalization of a portfolio company.

Ongoing relationships with portfolio companies

Monitoring

The Investment Adviser monitors our portfolio companies on an ongoing basis. The Investment Adviser monitors the financial trends of each portfolio company to determine if they are meeting their respective business plans and to assess the appropriate course of action for each company.

The Investment Adviser has several methods of evaluating and monitoring the performance and fair value of our investments, which may include the following:

 

   

Assessment of success in adhering to portfolio company’s business plan and compliance with covenants;

 

   

Periodic and regular contact with portfolio company management and, if appropriate, the financial or strategic sponsor, to discuss financial position, requirements and accomplishments;

 

   

Comparisons to other PennantPark Investment portfolio companies in the industry, if any;

 

   

Attendance at and participation in board meetings; and

 

   

Review of monthly and quarterly financial statements and financial projections for portfolio companies.

 

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Valuation of Portfolio Investments

As a business development company, we generally invest in illiquid securities including debt and equity investments of middle-market companies. All of our investments are recorded using broker/dealers quotes or at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors. Our board of directors generally uses market quotations to assess the value of our investments for which market quotations are readily available. We obtain these market values from an independent pricing service or at the bid prices, if available, obtained from at least two broker/dealers or by a principal market maker or a primary market dealer. If the board of directors has a bona fide reason to believe any such market quote does not reflect the fair value of an investment, it may independently value such investments by using the valuation procedure that it uses with respect to assets for which market quotations are not readily available. Debt and equity investments that are not publicly traded or whose market prices are not readily available are valued at fair value as determined in good faith by or under the direction of our board of directors. Such determination of fair values involves subjective judgments and estimates. Investments, of sufficient credit quality, purchased within 60 days of maturity are valued at cost plus accreted discount, or minus amortized premium, which approximates value. With respect to unquoted securities, our board of directors, together with our independent third party valuation firms, values each investment considering, among other measures, discounted cash flow models, comparisons of financial ratios of peer companies that are public and other factors.

When an external event such as a purchase transaction, public offering or subsequent equity sale occurs in connection with one of our portfolio companies, our board of directors uses the pricing indicated by the external event to corroborate and/or assist us in our valuation of our investment in such portfolio company. Because there are not always readily available markets for most of the investments in our portfolio, we value certain of our portfolio investments at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors using a documented valuation policy and a consistently applied valuation process. Due to the inherent uncertainty of determining the fair value of investments that do not have a readily available market value, the fair value of our investments may differ significantly from the values that would have been used had a readily available market value existed for such investments, and the differences could be material.

With respect to investments for which market quotations are not readily available or are readily available but believed not to reflect the fair value of an investment, our board of directors undertakes a multi-step valuation process each quarter, as described below:

 

  1) Our quarterly valuation process begins with each portfolio company or investment being initially valued by the investment professionals of the Investment Adviser responsible for the portfolio investment;

 

  2) Preliminary valuation conclusions are then documented and discussed with the management of our Investment Adviser;

 

  3) Our board of directors also engages independent valuation firms to conduct independent appraisals of our investments for which market quotations are not readily available or are readily available but deemed not reflective of the fair value of an investment. The independent valuation firm reviews management’s preliminary valuations in light of its own independent assessment and also in light of any market quotations obtained from an independent pricing service, broker, dealer or market maker;

 

  4) The audit committee of our board of directors reviews the preliminary valuations of the Investment Adviser and that of the independent valuation firms and responds and supplements the valuation recommendations of the independent valuation firms to reflect any comments; and

 

  5) The board of directors discusses the valuations and determines the fair value of each investment in our portfolio in good faith, based on the input of our Investment Adviser, the independent valuation firms and the audit committee.

Our investments are generally structured as debt and equity investments in the form of mezzanine debt, senior secured loans and equity co-investments. The transaction price, excluding transaction costs, is typically the best estimate of fair value at inception. When evidence supports a subsequent change to the carrying value from the original transaction price, adjustments are made to reflect the expected exit values. Ongoing reviews by our Investment Adviser and independent valuation firms are based on an assessment of each underlying investment, incorporating valuations that consider the evaluation of financing and sale transactions with third parties, expected cash flows and market-based information, including comparable transactions, and performance multiples, among other factors.

It is possible that future events unforeseen by us or our Investment Adviser, such as a disturbance in the global credit markets, a severe decline in the value of the U.S. dollar, a sharp economic downturn or other general market disturbance, will negatively impact the market for leveraged finance instruments. If the market for our investments is substantially eroded, we may not find purchasers for our portfolio securities at all, or we may be able to sell them only for a fraction of their previously recorded value. During such times, our board of directors, in conjunction with our Investment Adviser and one or more independent valuation firms will continue to determine the fair value of our investments in accordance with our valuation process enumerated above. They will take into account the applicable market conditions, the nature and realizable value of any collateral, the portfolio company’s ability to make payments, its earnings and cash flows, the markets in which the portfolio company does business, comparison to publicly traded companies and other relevant factors. Determining fair value requires that judgment be applied to the specific facts and circumstances of each portfolio investment while employing a consistently applied valuation process for the types of investments we make.

Managerial assistance

As a business development company, we offer, and must provide upon request, managerial assistance to certain of our portfolio companies. This assistance could involve monitoring the operations of our portfolio companies, participating in board and management meetings, consulting with and advising officers of portfolio companies and providing other organizational and financial guidance. Our Administrator may provide such managerial assistance on our behalf to portfolio companies that request this assistance. We have not received any fees for such services since inception, but may receive compensation in the future.

 

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Staffing

We do not currently have any employees. Mr. Penn, our Chief Executive Officer, is the Managing Member of our Investment Adviser. Our Investment Adviser currently has four senior investment professionals, Messrs. Chang, Giannetti, Penn and Williams. In addition, Mr. Efrat, our Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer, is a Managing Director of our Administrator, and Mr. Guy F. Talarico is our Chief Compliance Officer. Our Investment Adviser and Administrator have hired and expect to continue to hire professionals with skills applicable to our business plan, including experience in middle-market investing, leveraged finance and capital markets.

Investment Management Agreement

PennantPark Investment has entered into the Investment Management Agreement with the Investment Adviser under which the Investment Adviser, subject to the overall supervision of PennantPark Investment’s board of directors, manages the day-to-day operations of and provides investment advisory services to, PennantPark Investment. Under the terms of our Investment Management Agreement, PennantPark Investment Advisers:

 

   

determines the composition of our portfolio, the nature and timing of the changes to our portfolio and the manner of implementing such changes;

 

   

identifies, evaluates and negotiates the structure of the investments we make (including performing due diligence on our prospective portfolio companies); and

 

   

closes and monitors the investments we make.

PennantPark Investment Advisers’ services under our Investment Management Agreement are not exclusive, and it is free to furnish similar services to other entities so long as its services to us are not impaired. The Investment Adviser has not yet undertaken any such services, but may do so at any time and without the prior approval of our stockholders or our board of directors. Our board of directors would monitor any potential conflicts that may arise upon such a development. For providing these services, the Investment Adviser receives a fee from PennantPark Investment, consisting of two components—a base management fee and an incentive fee (collectively, “Management Fees”).

Investment Advisory Fees

The base management fee is calculated at an annual rate of 2.00% of our gross assets (net of U.S. Treasury Bills and/or temporary draws on the credit facility (“adjusted gross assets”), if any). Although the base management fee is 2.00% of our adjusted gross assets, the Investment Adviser waived a portion of the base management fee such that the base management fee equaled 1.50% from the consummation of the initial public offering through September 30, 2007. The base management fee was 1.75% from October 1, 2007 through March 31, 2008. Our base management fee has been 2.00% since March 31, 2008. For services rendered under our Investment Management Agreement the base management fee is payable quarterly in arrears. The base management fee is calculated based on the average value of our average adjusted gross total assets at the end of the two most recently completed calendar quarters, and appropriately adjusted for any share issuances or repurchases during the current calendar quarter. Base investment advisory fees for any partial month or quarter are appropriately prorated. For the fiscal years ended September 30, 2009, and 2008 and for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007, the Investment Adviser earned base management fees, after fee waivers, if any, of $7.7 million, $6.7 million and $1.9 million, respectively.

The incentive fee has two parts, as follows:

        One part is calculated and payable quarterly in arrears based on our Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income for the immediately preceding calendar quarter. For this purpose, “Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income” means interest income, distribution income and any other income (including any other fees (other than fees for providing managerial assistance), such as commitment, origination, structuring, diligence and consulting fees or other fees that we receive from portfolio companies) accrued during the calendar quarter, minus our operating expenses for the quarter (including the base management fee, expenses payable under our Administration Agreement, and any interest expense and distributions paid on any issued and outstanding preferred stock, but excluding the incentive fee). Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income includes, in the case of investments with a deferred interest feature (such as original issue discount, debt instruments with pay in kind interest and zero coupon securities), accrued income that we have not yet received in cash. Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income does not include any realized capital gains, realized capital losses or unrealized capital appreciation or depreciation. Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income, expressed as a rate of return on the value of our net assets at the end of the immediately preceding calendar quarter, will be compared to a Hurdle of 1.75% per quarter (7.00% annualized). We have agreed to pay PennantPark Investment Advisers an incentive fee with respect to our Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income in each calendar quarter as follows: (1) no incentive fee in any calendar quarter in which PennantPark Investment’s Pre-Incentive Fee Net Income does not exceed the hurdle rate of 1.75%, (2) 100% of our Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income with respect to that portion of such Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income, if any, that exceeds the Hurdle but is less than 2.1875% in any calendar quarter (8.75% annualized). We refer to this portion of our Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income (which exceeds the Hurdle but is less than 2.1875%) as the “catch-up.” The “catch-up” is meant to provide our Investment Adviser with 20% of our Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income as if a Hurdle did not apply if this net investment income exceeds 2.1875% in any calendar quarter, and (3) 20% of the amount of our Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income, if any, that exceeds 2.1875% in any calendar quarter (8.75% annualized) is payable to our Investment Adviser (once the Hurdle is reached and the catch-up is achieved, 20% of all Pre-Incentive Fee Investment Income thereafter is allocated to our Investment Adviser). These calculations are appropriately prorated for any period of less than three months and adjusted for any share issuances or repurchases during the current quarter.

The following is a graphical representation of calculation of quarterly incentive fee based on Net Investment Income

Pre-incentive fee net investment income

(expressed as a percentage of the value of net assets)

LOGO

Percentage of pre-incentive fee net investment income

allocated to income-related portion of incentive fee

 

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The second part of the incentive fee is determined and payable in arrears as of the end of each calendar year (or upon termination of the investment advisory and management agreement, as of the termination date), commencing on December 31, 2007 and equals 20.0% of our realized capital gains, if any, on a cumulative basis from inception through the end of each calendar year, computed net of all realized capital losses and unrealized capital depreciation on a cumulative basis, less the aggregate amount of any previously paid capital gain incentive fees. For the fiscal years ended September 30, 2009, and 2008 and the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007, the Investment Adviser earned $5.7 million, $3.8 million and $0.0 million, respectively, in incentive fees.

Examples of Quarterly Incentive Fee Calculation

Example 1: Income Related Portion of Incentive Fee (*):

Alternative 1

Assumptions

Investment income (including interest, distributions, fees, etc.) = 1.25%

Hurdle(1) = 1.75%

Base management fee(2) = 0.50%

Other expenses (legal, accounting, custodian, transfer agent, etc.)(3) = 0.20%

Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income

(investment income—(base management fee + other expenses)) = 0.55%

Pre-incentive net investment income does not exceed Hurdle; therefore there is no incentive fee.

Alternative 2

Assumptions

Investment income (including interest, distributions, fees, etc.) = 2.70%

Hurdle(1) = 1.75%

Base management fee(2) = 0.50%

Other expenses (legal, accounting, custodian, transfer agent, etc.)(3) = 0.20%

Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income

(investment income—(base management fee + other expenses)) = 2.00%

 

Incentive fee    = 20% x Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income, subject to “catch-up”
   = 2.00% – 1.75%
   = 0.25%
   = 100% x 0.25%
   = 0.25%

Alternative 3

Assumptions

Investment income (including interest, distributions, fees, etc.) = 3.00%

Hurdle(1) = 1.75%

Base management fee(2) = 0.50%

Other expenses (legal, accounting, custodian, transfer agent, etc.)(3) = 0.20%

Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income

(investment income—(base management fee + other expenses)) = 2.30%

Incentive fee = 20% x Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income, subject to “catch-up”

Incentive fee = 100% x “catch-up” + (20% x (Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income – 2.1875%))

Catch-up = 2.1875% – 1.75%

= 0.4375%

= (100% x 0.4375%) + (20% x (2.30% – 2.1875%))

= 0.4375% + (20% x 0.1125%)

= 0.4375% + 0.0225%

= 0.46%

 

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Example 2: Capital Gains Portion of Incentive Fee:

Assumptions

Year 1 = no net realized capital gains or losses

Year 2 = 6% net realized capital gains and 1% realized capital losses and unrealized capital depreciation capital gain incentive fee = 20% x (realized capital gains for year computed net of all realized capital losses and unrealized capital depreciation at year end)

 

Year 1 incentive fee    = 20% x (0)
   = 0
   = no incentive fee
Year 2 incentive fee    = 20% x (6% – 1%)
   = 20% x 5%
   = 1%

 

(*) The hypothetical amount of Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income shown is based on a percentage of total net assets.
(1) Represents 7.0% annualized Hurdle.
(2) Represents 2.0% annualized base management fee. Although the management fee is 2.00% of our average adjusted gross total assets, the Investment Adviser agreed to waive a portion of the base management fee such that the base management fee equaled 1.50% from the consummation of the initial public offering through September 30, 2007, 1.75% from October 1, 2007 through March 31, 2008, and 2.00% thereafter.
(3) Excludes organizational and offering expenses.

Duration and Termination

The Investment Management Agreement was re-approved by our board of directors, including a majority of our directors who are not interested persons of PennantPark Investment, in February 2009. Unless terminated earlier as described below, our Investment Management Agreement will continue in effect for a period of one year through February 2010. It will remain in effect if approved annually by our board of directors, or by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of our outstanding voting securities, including, in either case, approval by a majority of our directors who are not interested persons. The Investment Management Agreement will automatically terminate in the event of its assignment. The Investment Management Agreement may be terminated by either party without penalty upon not more than 60 days’ written notice to the other. See “Risk Factors-Risks relating to our business and structure—We are dependent upon PennantPark Investment Advisers’ key personnel for our future success, and if we are unable to hire and retain qualified personnel or if we lose any member of our management team, our ability to achieve our investment objectives could be significantly harmed.”

Indemnification

Our Investment Management Agreement provides that, absent willful misfeasance, bad faith or gross negligence in the performance of its duties or by reason of the reckless disregard of its duties and obligations, PennantPark Investment Advisers and its officers, managers, partners, agents, employees, controlling persons, members and any other person or entity affiliated with it are entitled to indemnification from PennantPark Investment for any damages, liabilities, costs and expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees and amounts reasonably paid in settlement) arising from the rendering of PennantPark Investment Advisers’ services under each respective agreement or otherwise as an Investment Adviser of PennantPark Investment.

Organization of the Investment Adviser

PennantPark Investment Advisers is a registered investment adviser under the Advisers Act of 1940. The principal executive offices of PennantPark Investment Advisers are located at 590 Madison Avenue, 15th Floor, New York, NY 10022.

Administration Agreement

        Pursuant to the Administration Agreement, the Administrator furnishes us with office facilities, equipment and clerical, bookkeeping and record keeping services at such facilities. Under our Administration Agreement, the Administrator performs, or oversees the performance of, our required administrative services, which include, among other things, being responsible for the financial records which we are required to maintain and preparing reports to our stockholders and reports filed with the SEC. In addition, the Administrator assists us in determining and publishing our net asset value, oversees the preparation and filing of our tax returns and the printing and dissemination of reports to our stockholders, and generally oversees the payment of our expenses and the performance of administrative and professional services rendered to us by others. Payments under our Administration Agreement are equal to an amount based upon our allocable portion of the Administrator’s overhead in performing its obligations under our Administration Agreement, including rent and our allocable portion of the cost of compensation and related expenses of our Chief Compliance Officer and Chief Financial Officer and their respective staffs. Under our Administration Agreement, the Administrator provides on our behalf managerial assistance to those portfolio companies to which we are required to provide such assistance. To the extent that our Administrator outsources any of its functions, we will pay the fees associated with such functions on a direct basis without profit to the Administrator. For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009, 2008 and for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) to September 30, 2007, the Investment Adviser was reimbursed $1.7 million, $2.0 million and approximately $0.5 million, respectively, from PennantPark Investment, including expenses it incurred on behalf of the Administrator for the services described above.

Duration and Termination

The Administration Agreement was re-approved by our board of directors, including a majority of our directors who are not interested persons of PennantPark Investment, in February 2009. Unless terminated earlier as described below, our Administration Agreement will continue in effect for a period of one year through February 2010. It will remain in effect if approved annually by our board of directors, or by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of our outstanding voting securities, including, in either case, approval by a majority of our directors who are not interested persons. The Administration Agreement will automatically terminate in the event of its assignment. The Administration Agreement may be terminated by either party without penalty upon not more than 60 days’ written notice to the other.

 

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Indemnification

The Administration Agreement provides that, absent willful misfeasance, bad faith or gross negligence in the performance of its duties or by reason of the reckless disregard of its duties and obligations, PennantPark Investment Administration and its officers, manager, partners, agents, employees, controlling persons, members and any other person or entity affiliated with it are entitled to indemnification from PennantPark Investment for any damages, liabilities, costs and expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees and amounts reasonably paid in settlement) arising from the rendering of PennantPark Investment Administration’s services under our Administration Agreement or otherwise as Administrator for PennantPark Investment.

License Agreement

We have entered into the License Agreement with PennantPark Investment Advisers pursuant to which PennantPark Investment Advisers has granted us a royalty-free, non-exclusive license to use the name “PennantPark.” Under this agreement, we have a right to use the PennantPark name, for so long as PennantPark Investment Advisers or one of its affiliates remains our Investment Adviser. Other than with respect to this limited license, we have no legal right to the “PennantPark” name.

REGULATION

General

We are a business development company under the 1940 Act, which has qualified and intends to continue to qualify to maintain an election to be treated as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code. The 1940 Act contains prohibitions and restrictions relating to transactions between business development companies and their affiliates (including any investment advisers or sub-advisers), principal underwriters and affiliates of those affiliates or underwriters and requires that a majority of the directors be persons other than “interested persons,” as that term is defined in the 1940 Act. In addition, the 1940 Act provides that we may not change the nature of our business so as to cease to be, or to withdraw our election as, a business development company unless approved by a majority of our outstanding voting securities.

We may invest up to 100% of our assets in securities acquired directly from issuers in privately negotiated transactions. With respect to such securities, we may, for the purpose of public resale, be deemed an “underwriter” as that term is defined in the Securities Act. We may purchase or otherwise receive warrants to purchase the common stock of our portfolio companies in connection with acquisition financing or other investment. Similarly, in connection with an acquisition, we may acquire rights to require the issuers of acquired securities or their affiliates to repurchase them under certain circumstances. We also do not intend to acquire securities issued by any investment company that exceed the limits imposed by the 1940 Act. Under these limits, we generally cannot acquire more than 3% of the voting stock of any investment company, invest more than 5% of the value of our total assets in the securities of one investment company or invest more than 10% of the value of our total assets in the securities of more than one investment company. With regard to that portion of our portfolio invested in securities issued by investment companies, it should be noted that such investments might subject our stockholders to additional expenses. We may enter into hedging transactions to manage the risks associated with interest rate fluctuations. None of these policies are fundamental and may be changed without stockholder approval.

Qualifying Assets

Under the 1940 Act, a business development company may not acquire any asset other than assets of the type listed in Section 55(a) of the 1940 Act, which are referred to as qualifying assets, unless, at the time the acquisition is made, qualifying assets represent at least 70% of the company’s total assets. The principal categories of qualifying assets relevant to our proposed business are the following:

 

  (1) Securities purchased in transactions not involving any public offering from the issuer of such securities, which issuer (subject to certain limited exceptions) is an eligible portfolio company, or from any person who is, or has been during the preceding 13 months, an affiliated person of an eligible portfolio company, or from any other person, subject to such rules as may be prescribed by the SEC. An eligible portfolio company is defined under the 1940 Act to include any issuer which:

 

  (a) is organized under the laws of, and has its principal place of business in, the United States;

 

  (b) is not an investment company (other than a small business investment company wholly owned by the business development company) or a company that would be an investment company but is excluded from the definition of an investment company by Section 3(c) of the 1940 Act; and

 

  (c) does not have any class of securities listed on a national securities exchange; has any class of securities listed on a national securities exchange subject to a market capitalization maximum of $250.0 million; or is controlled by us which has an affiliated person who is a director of such portfolio company.

 

  (2) Securities of any eligible portfolio company which we control.

 

  (3) Securities purchased in a private transaction from a U.S. operating company or from an affiliated person of the issuer, or in transactions incidental thereto, if such issuer is in bankruptcy and subject to reorganization or if the issuer, immediately prior to the purchase of its securities was unable to meet its obligations as they came due without material assistance other than conventional lending or financing arrangements.

 

  (4) Securities of an eligible portfolio company purchased from any person in a private transaction if there is no ready market for such securities and we already own 60% of the outstanding equity of the eligible portfolio company.

 

  (5) Securities received in exchange for or distributed on or with respect to securities described in (1) through (4) above, or pursuant to the exercise of warrants or rights relating to such securities.

 

  (6) Cash, cash equivalents, U.S. Government securities or high-quality debt securities maturing in one year or less from the time of investment.

 

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In addition, a business development company must have been organized and have its principal place of business in the United States and must be operated for the purpose of making investments in the types of securities described in (1), (2) or (3) above.

Managerial Assistance to Portfolio Companies

In order to count portfolio securities as qualifying assets for the purpose of the 70% test, a business development company must either control the issuer of the securities or must offer to make available to the issuer of the securities significant managerial assistance. However, if a business development company purchases securities in conjunction with one or more other persons acting together, one of the other persons in the group may make available such managerial assistance. Making available managerial assistance means any arrangement whereby the business development company, through its directors, officers or employees, offers to provide, and, if accepted, does provide, significant guidance and counsel concerning the management, operations or business objectives and policies of a portfolio company.

Temporary Investments

Pending investment in other types of “qualifying assets,” as described above, our investments may consist of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. Government securities or high-quality debt securities maturing in one year or less from the time of investment, which we refer to, collectively, as temporary investments, so that 70% of our assets are qualifying assets. We may invest in U.S. Treasury bills or in repurchase agreements, provided that such agreements are fully collateralized by cash or securities issued by the U.S. Government or its agencies. A repurchase agreement involves the purchase by an investor, such as us, of a specified security and the simultaneous agreement by the seller to repurchase it at an agreed-upon future date and at a price which is greater than the purchase price by an amount that reflects an agreed-upon interest rate. There is no percentage restriction on the proportion of our assets that may be invested in such repurchase agreements. However, if more than 25% of our total assets constitute repurchase agreements from a single counterparty, we would not meet the Diversification Tests, as defined later in this report, in order to qualify as a RIC for federal income tax purposes. Thus, we do not intend to enter into repurchase agreements with a single counterparty in excess of this limit. Our Investment Adviser will monitor the creditworthiness of the counterparties with which we enter into repurchase agreement transactions.

Senior Securities

We are permitted, under specified conditions, to issue multiple classes of indebtedness and one class of stock senior to our common stock if our asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, is at least equal to 200% immediately after each such issuance. In addition, while any senior securities remain outstanding, we must make provisions to prohibit any distribution to our stockholders or the repurchase of such securities or shares unless we meet the applicable asset coverage ratios at the time of the distribution or repurchase. We may also borrow amounts up to 5% of the value of our total assets for temporary or emergency purposes without regard to asset coverage. For a discussion of the risks associated with leverage, see “Risk Factors—Risks relating to our business and structure—Regulations governing our operation as a business development company will affect our ability to, and the way in which we, raise additional capital.”

Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures

We have delegated our proxy voting responsibility to our Investment Adviser. The Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures of our Investment Adviser are set forth below. The guidelines are reviewed periodically by our Investment Adviser and our non-interested directors, and, accordingly, are subject to change. For purposes of these Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures described below, “we” “our” and “us” refers to our Investment Adviser.

Introduction

As an Investment Adviser registered under the Advisers Act, we have a fiduciary duty to act solely in the best interests of our clients. As part of this duty, we recognize that we must vote client securities in a timely manner free of conflicts of interest and in the best interests of our clients.

These policies and procedures for voting proxies for our investment advisory clients are intended to comply with Section 206 of, and Rule 206(4)-6 under, the Advisers Act.

Proxy Policies

We vote proxies relating to our portfolio securities in what we perceive to be the best interest of our clients’ stockholders. We review on a case-by-case basis each proposal submitted to a shareholder vote to determine its impact on the portfolio securities held by our clients. Although we will generally vote against proposals that may have a negative impact on our clients’ portfolio securities, we may vote for such a proposal if there exists compelling long-term reasons to do so.

Our proxy voting decisions are made by the senior officers who are responsible for monitoring each of our clients’ investments. To ensure that our vote is not the product of a conflict of interest, we require that: (1) anyone involved in the decision making process disclose to our Chief Compliance Officer any potential conflict that he or she is aware of and any contact that he or she has had with any interested party regarding a proxy vote; and (2) employees involved in the decision making process or vote administration are prohibited from revealing how we intend to vote on a proposal in order to reduce any attempted influence from interested parties.

Proxy Voting Records

You may obtain information about how we voted proxies by making a written request for proxy voting information to: Aviv Efrat, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer, 590 Madison Avenue, 15th Floor, New York, New York 10022.

 

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Joint Code of Ethics

We and PennantPark Investment Advisers have each adopted a code of ethics pursuant to Rule 17j-1 under the 1940 Act that establishes procedures for personal investments and restricts certain personal securities transactions. Personnel subject to each code may invest in securities for their personal investment accounts, including securities that may be purchased or held by us, so long as such investments are made in accordance with the code’s requirements. Our joint code of ethics is available, free of charge, on our website at www.pennantpark.com. You may read and copy the joint code of ethics at the SEC’s Public Reference Room in Washington, D.C. You may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at (202) 551-8090. In addition, the joint code of ethics is attached as an exhibit to this Report and is available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s Internet site at www.sec.gov. You may also obtain copies of our joint code of ethics, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at the following Email address: publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the SEC’s Public Reference Section, 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549.

Privacy Principles

We are committed to maintaining the privacy of our stockholders and to safeguarding their non-public personal information. The following information is provided to help you understand what personal information we collect, how we protect that information and why, in certain cases, we may share information with select other parties.

Generally, we do not receive any non-public personal information relating to our stockholders, although certain non-public personal information of our stockholders may become available to us. We do not disclose any non-public personal information about our stockholders or former stockholders to anyone, except as permitted by law or as is necessary in order to service stockholder accounts (for example, to a transfer agent or third party Administrator).

We restrict access to non-public personal information about our stockholders to employees of our Investment Adviser and its affiliates with a legitimate business need for the information. We maintain physical, electronic and procedural safeguards designed to protect the non-public personal information of our stockholders.

Our privacy policy is available, free of charge, on our website at www.pennantpark.com. In addition, the privacy policy is available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s Internet site at www.sec.gov. You may also obtain copies of our privacy policy, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at the following Email address: publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the SEC’s Public Reference Section, 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549.

Other

We may also be prohibited under the 1940 Act from knowingly participating in certain transactions with our affiliates without the prior approval of our board of directors who are not interested persons and, in some cases, prior approval by the SEC.

We will be periodically examined by the SEC for compliance with the 1940 Act.

We are required by law to provide and maintain a bond issued by a reputable fidelity insurance company to protect us against larceny and embezzlement. Furthermore, as a business development company, we are prohibited from protecting any director or officer against any liability to PennantPark Investment or our stockholders arising from willful misfeasance, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard of the duties involved in the conduct of such person’s office.

We and PennantPark Investment Advisers have each adopted and implemented written policies and procedures reasonably designed to prevent violation of the federal securities laws. We review these policies and procedures annually for their adequacy and the effectiveness of their implementation, and we designate a chief compliance officer to be responsible for administering the policies and procedures.

Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 imposes several regulatory requirements on publicly held companies and their insiders. Many of these requirements affect us. For example:

 

   

pursuant to Rule 13a-14 of the Exchange Act, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer must certify the accuracy of the financial statements contained in our periodic reports;

 

   

pursuant to Item 307 of Regulation S-K, our periodic reports must disclose our conclusions about the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures;

 

   

pursuant to Rule 13a-15 of the Exchange Act, our management must prepare an annual report regarding its assessment of our internal controls over financial reporting, which must be audited by our independent registered public accounting firm; and

 

   

pursuant to Item 308 of Regulation S-K and Rule 13a-15 of the 1934 Act, our periodic reports must disclose whether there were significant changes in our internal controls over financial reporting or in other factors that could significantly affect these controls subsequent to the date of their evaluation, including any corrective actions with regard to significant deficiencies and material weaknesses.

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires us to review our current policies and procedures to determine whether we comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the regulations promulgated there-under. We continue to monitor our compliance with all regulations that are adopted under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and continue to take actions necessary to ensure that we are in compliance with that act.

 

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Election to be Taxed as a RIC

We have elected to be taxed, and intend to qualify annually to maintain our election to be taxed, as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code. For a short period ending April 30, 2007, we were not a RIC and were subject to corporate-level income tax. To maintain RIC tax benefits, we must, among other requirements, meet certain source-of-income and quarterly asset diversification requirements (as described below). We also must annually distribute dividends of at least 90% of the sum of our ordinary income and realized net short-term capital gains, if any, out of the assets legally available for distribution (the “Annual Distribution Requirement”). Although not required for us to maintain our RIC tax status, in order to preclude the imposition of a 4% nondeductible federal excise tax imposed on RICs, we may distribute during each calendar year an amount at least equal to the sum of (1) 98% of our ordinary income for the calendar year, (2) 98% of our realized net short-term capital gains for the one-year period ending on October 31 of the calendar year and (3) any ordinary income and net capital gains for preceding years that were not distributed during such years (the “Excise Tax Avoidance Requirement”). In addition, although we may distribute realized net capital gains (i.e., net long-term capital gains in excess of short-term capital losses), if any, at least annually, out of the assets legally available for such distributions, we may decide to retain such net capital gains or ordinary income to provide us with additional liquidity.

In order to qualify as a RIC for federal income tax purposes, we must:

 

   

maintain an election to be treated as a business development company under the 1940 Act at all times during each taxable year;

 

   

derive in each taxable year at least 90% of our gross income from distributions, interest, payments with respect to certain securities loans, gains from the sale of stock or other securities, net income from certain qualified publicly traded partnerships or other income derived with respect to our business of investing in such stock or securities (the “90% Income Test”); and

 

   

diversify our holdings so that at the end of each quarter of the taxable year:

 

   

at least 50% of the value of our assets consists of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. Government securities, securities of other RICs, and other securities if such other securities of any one issuer do not represent more than 5% of the value of our assets or more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the issuer; and

 

   

no more than 25% of the value of our assets is invested in the securities, other than U.S. Government securities or securities of other RICs, of one issuer or of two or more issuers that are controlled, as determined under applicable tax rules, by us and that are engaged in the same or similar or related trades or businesses or in certain qualified publicly traded partnerships (the “Diversification Tests”).

Taxation as a RIC

If we qualify as a RIC, and satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement, then we will not be subject to federal income tax on the portion of our investment company taxable income and net capital gain (i.e., realized net long-term capital gains in excess of realized net short-term capital losses) we distribute to stockholders. We will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at the regular corporate rates on any income or capital gain not distributed (or deemed distributed) to our stockholders.

We may be required to recognize taxable income in circumstances in which we do not receive cash. For example, if we hold debt obligations that are treated under applicable tax rules as having original issue discount (such as debt instruments with pay in kind interest or, in certain cases, increasing interest rates or issued with warrants), we must include in income each year a portion of the original issue discount that accrues over the life of the obligation, regardless of whether cash representing such income is received by us in the same taxable year. Because any original issue discount accrued will be included in our investment company taxable income for the year of accrual, we may be required to make a distribution to our stockholders in order to satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement, even though we will not have received any corresponding cash amount.

Gain or loss realized by us from warrants acquired by us as well as any loss attributable to the lapse of such warrants generally will be treated as capital gain or loss. Such gain or loss generally will be long-term or short-term, depending on how long we held a particular warrant.

Although we do not presently expect to do so, we are authorized to borrow funds and to sell assets in order to satisfy distribution requirements. However, under the 1940 Act, we are not permitted to make distributions to our stockholders while our debt obligations and other senior securities are outstanding unless certain “asset coverage” tests are met. Moreover, our ability to dispose of assets to meet our distribution requirements may be limited by (1) the illiquid nature of our portfolio and/or (2) other requirements relating to our status as a RIC, including the Diversification Tests. If we dispose of assets in order to meet the Annual Distribution Requirement or the Excise Tax Avoidance Requirement, we may make such dispositions at times that, from an investment standpoint, are not advantageous.

Failure to Qualify as a RIC

If we fail to satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement or fail to qualify as a RIC in any taxable year, we will be subject to tax in that year on all of our taxable income, regardless of whether we make any distributions to our stockholders. In that case, all of our income will be subject to corporate-level federal income tax, reducing the amount available to be distributed to our stockholders. In contrast, assuming we qualify as a RIC, our corporate-level federal income tax should be substantially reduced or eliminated. See “Election to be Taxed as a RIC” above.

If we are unable to maintain our status as a RIC, we would be subject to tax on all of our taxable income at regular corporate rates. We would not be able to deduct distributions to stockholders, nor would they be required to be made. Distributions would generally be taxable to our stockholders as ordinary distribution income eligible for the 15% maximum rate to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits. Subject to certain limitations under the Code, dividends paid by us to corporate distributees would be eligible for the dividends received deduction. Distributions in excess of our current and accumulated earnings and profits would be treated first as a return of capital to the extent of the stockholder’s tax basis in our common stock, and any remaining distributions would be treated as a capital gain.

 

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Item 1A. Risk Factors

Before you invest in our securities, you should be aware of various risks, including those described below. You should carefully consider these risk factors, together with all of the other information included in this Form 10-K, before you decide whether to make an investment in our securities. The risks set out below are not the only risks we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or operating results. If any of the following events occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected. In such case, our net asset value and the trading price of our common stock could decline and you may lose all or part of your investment.

RISKS RELATING TO OUR BUSINESS AND STRUCTURE

Global capital markets have entered a period of severe disruption and instability. These market conditions have materially and adversely affected debt and equity capital markets in the United States, which has had, and may continue to have, a negative impact on our business and operations.

Beginning in the summer of 2007 and continuing as of the date of this Report, the U.S. capital markets have experienced a period of disruption characterized by the freezing of credit, a lack of liquidity in the debt capital markets, significant losses in the principal value of investments, the re-pricing of credit risk in the broadly syndicated credit market and the failure of major financial institutions. As a result of these events, general economic conditions have deteriorated with material and adverse consequences for the broader financial and credit markets, and the availability of debt and equity capital for the market as a whole and financial services firms in particular has been reduced significantly. These conditions could continue for a prolonged period of time or even materially worsen in the future. While these conditions persist, we may have difficulty accessing debt and equity capital in order to grow and may suffer material adverse effects on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Volatility or a prolonged disruption in the credit markets could materially damage our business.

We are required to record our assets at fair value, as determined in good faith by our board of directors in accordance with our valuation policy. As a result, volatility in the capital markets may adversely affect our valuations and our net asset value, even if we intend to hold respective investments to maturity. Volatility or dislocation in the capital markets may depress our stock price below our net asset value per share and create a challenging environment in which to raise debt and equity capital. As a business development company, we are generally not able to issue additional shares of our common stock at a price less than net asset value without first obtaining approval for such issuance from our stockholders and our independent directors. Additionally, our ability to incur indebtedness is limited by applicable regulations such that our asset coverage under the 1940 Act must equal at least 200% of total indebtedness immediately after each time we incur indebtedness. Shrinking portfolio values negatively impact our ability to borrow additional funds under our credit facility because our net asset value is reduced for purposes of the 200% asset leverage test. If the fair value of our assets declines substantially, we may fail to maintain the asset coverage ratios stipulated by the 1940 Act, which could, in turn, cause us to lose our status as a business development company and materially impair our business operations. A protracted disruption in the credit markets could also materially decrease demand for our investments.

The significant disruption in the capital markets has had and may continue to have a negative effect on the valuations of our investments, and on the potential for liquidity events involving our investments. The debt capital that will be available to us, if at all, may be at a higher cost and on less favorable terms and conditions in the future. A prolonged inability to raise capital will require us to reduce the volume of loans we originate and/or fund and could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition or results of operations. This may also increase the probability that other structural risks negatively impact us. These situations may arise due to circumstances that we may be unable to control, such as a protracted disruption in the credit markets, a severe decline in the value of the U.S. dollar, a sharp economic downturn or an operational problem that affects third parties or us, and could materially damage our business.

Current market developments may adversely affect our business and results of operations by reducing availability under our credit facility.

In addition to the applicable asset coverage test that restricts our ability to borrow under our credit facility, this facility contains various covenants which, if not complied with, could accelerate repayment under the facility, thereby materially and adversely affecting our liquidity, financial condition and results of operations. Our borrowings under our credit facility are collateralized by the assets in our investment portfolio. The agreements governing the credit facility require us to comply with certain financial and operational covenants. These covenants include:

 

   

A requirement to retain our status as a RIC;

 

   

A requirement to maintain a minimum amount of shareholder’s equity; and

 

   

A requirement that our outstanding borrowings under the credit facility not exceed a certain percentage of the values of our portfolio companies.

Our continued compliance with these covenants depends on many factors, some of which are beyond our control. Material net asset devaluation in connection with additional borrowings could result in an inability to comply with our obligation to restrict the level of indebtedness that we are able to incur in relation to the value of our assets or to maintain a minimum level of shareholders’ equity. This could have a material adverse effect on our operations, as it would trigger mandatory pre-payment obligations under the terms of the credit facility.

We rely in part on our senior secured investments to provide us with adequate liquidity, but even these investments may face liquidity constraints under current market conditions.

The market for senior secured debt investments and other over-the-counter traded securities has weakened as the viability of any over-the-counter secondary market depends on the continued willingness of dealers and other participants to purchase the investments, which has decreased under current market conditions.

 

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PennantPark Investment incurs credit risk when it loans money or commits to loan money to a portfolio company.

Our primary business exposes us to credit risk, and the quality of our portfolio will have a significant impact on our earnings. Credit risk is a component part of our fair valuation of our portfolio companies. Negative credit events will lead to a decrease in the fair value of our portfolio companies.

In addition, current market conditions have affected consumer confidence levels which may result in adverse changes in payment patterns. Increased delinquencies and default rates would impact our results of operations. Deterioration in the quality of our credit portfolio could have a material adverse effect on our capital, financial condition and results of operations.

Any unrealized losses we experience on our investment portfolio may be an indication of future realized losses, which could reduce our income available for distribution.

As a business development company, we are required to carry our investments at market value or, if no market value is ascertainable or if market value does not reflect the fair value of such investment in the bona fide determination of our board of directors, then, at fair value as determined in good faith by or under the direction of our board of directors. Decreases in the market values or fair values of our investments will be recorded as unrealized depreciation. The fair value of our portfolio companies on the whole has decreased substantially over the past three fiscal years. Unrealized losses of any given portfolio company could be an indication of such company’s inability in the future to meet its repayment obligations to us. If the fair value of our portfolio companies reflects future realized losses, this would ultimately result in reductions of our income available for distribution in future periods and could materially harm our results of operations.

In the past following periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities, securities class action litigation has often been brought against that company.

If our stock price fluctuates significantly, we may be the target of securities litigation in the future. Securities litigation could result in substantial costs and divert management’s attention and resources from our business.

Our borrowers may default on their payments, which may have a materially negative effect on our financial performance.

We make long-term loans and invest in equity securities, which may involve a high degree of repayment risk. We invest in companies that may have limited financial resources, may be highly leveraged and may be unable to obtain financing from traditional sources. Accordingly, a general economic downturn or severe tightening in the credit markets could materially impact the ability of our borrowers to repay their loans, which could significantly damage our business. Numerous other factors may affect a borrower’s ability to repay its loan, including the failure to meet its business plan or a downturn in its industry. A portfolio company’s failure to satisfy financial or operating covenants imposed by us or other lenders could lead to defaults and, potentially, termination of its loans or foreclosure on its secured assets. This could trigger cross defaults under other agreements and jeopardize our portfolio company’s ability to meet its obligations under the loans or debt securities that we hold. In addition, our portfolio companies may have, or may be permitted to incur, other debt that ranks senior to or equally with our securities. This means that payments on such senior-ranking securities may have to be made before we receive any payments on our subordinated loans or debt securities. Deterioration in a borrower’s financial condition and prospects may be accompanied by deterioration in any related collateral and may have a materially negative effect on our financial results.

We have a limited operating history.

We were incorporated in January 2007. We are subject to all of the business risks and uncertainties associated with any relatively new business, including the risk that we will not achieve our investment objectives and that the value of our common stock could decline substantially. We have used, and will continue to use, the proceeds of public offerings of securities and of borrowings under our credit facility in accordance with our investment objectives.

We are dependent upon our Investment Adviser’s key personnel for our future success, and if we or our Investment Adviser is unable to hire and retain qualified personnel or if we lose any member of our management team, our ability to achieve our investment objectives could be significantly harmed.

We depend on the diligence, skill and network of business contacts of the investment professionals of our Investment Adviser. We also depend, to a significant extent, on PennantPark Investment Advisers’ access to the investment information and deal flow generated by these investment professionals and any others that may be hired by PennantPark Investment Advisers. Managers of our Investment Adviser evaluate, negotiate, structure, close and monitor our investments. Our future success depends on the continued service of management personnel of our Investment Adviser. The departure of managers of PennantPark Investment Advisers could have a material adverse effect on our ability to achieve our investment objectives. In addition, we can offer no assurance that PennantPark Investment Advisers will remain our Investment Adviser.

Our financial condition and results of operation will depend on our ability to manage future growth effectively.

Our ability to achieve our investment objectives will depend on our ability to grow, which will depend, in turn, on our Investment Adviser’s ability to identify, invest in and monitor companies that meet our investment criteria. Accomplishing this result on a cost-effective basis will be largely a function of our Investment Adviser’s structuring of the investment process, its ability to provide competent, attentive and efficient services to us and our access to financing on acceptable terms. The management team of PennantPark Investment Advisers has substantial responsibilities under our Investment Management Agreement. In order to grow, we and our Investment Adviser will need to hire, train, supervise and manage new employees. However, we can offer no assurance that any such employees will contribute effectively to the work of the Investment Adviser. We caution you that the principals of our Investment Adviser or Administrator may also be called upon to provide managerial assistance to portfolio companies and other investment vehicles which may be managed by the Investment Adviser. Such demands on their time may distract them or slow our rate of investment. Any failure to manage our future growth effectively could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We operate in a highly competitive market for investment opportunities.

A number of entities compete with us to make the types of investments that we make in middle-market companies. We compete with public and private funds, including other business development companies, commercial and investment banks, commercial financing companies, and, to the extent they provide an alternative form of financing, private equity funds. Additionally, alternative investment vehicles, such as hedge funds, also invest in middle-market companies. As a result, competition for investment opportunities at middle-market companies can be intense. Most of our potential competitors are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial, technical and marketing resources than we do. For example, we believe some competitors have a lower cost of funds and access to funding sources that are not available to us. In addition, some of our competitors have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments, which could allow them to consider a wider variety of investments and establish more relationships than us. Furthermore, many of our competitors are not subject to the regulatory restrictions that the 1940 Act imposes on us as a business development company. We cannot offer any assurances that the competitive pressures we face will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Also, as a result of this competition, we may not be able to take advantage of attractive investment opportunities from time to time, and we can offer no assurance that we will be able to identify and make investments that are consistent with our investment objectives.

 

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Entrants in our industry compete on several factors, including price, flexibility in transaction structuring, customer service, reputation, market knowledge and speed in decision-making. We do not seek to compete primarily based on the interest rates we offer, and we believe that some of our competitors may make loans with interest rates that are lower than the rates we offer. We may lose investment opportunities if we do not match our competitors’ pricing, terms and structure. However, if we match our competitors’ pricing, terms and structure, we may experience decreased net interest income and increased risk of credit loss.

PennantPark Investment may not replicate the historical performance of other investment companies with which Mr. Penn and our other investment professionals have been affiliated.

The 1940 Act imposes numerous constraints on the investment activities of business development companies. For example, business development companies are required to invest at least 70% of their total assets primarily in securities of U.S. private companies or thinly traded public companies, with a market capitalization of less than $250 million, cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities and high-quality debt investments that mature in one year or less. These constraints may hinder our Investment Adviser’s ability to take advantage of attractive investment opportunities and to achieve our investment objectives. Mr. Penn, our Chief Executive Officer and the Managing Member of our Investment Adviser, has had more than two years of experience managing the investments of PennantPark Investment and approximately three years of experience managing another business development company. However, current market conditions and the depressed economic cycle present significant challenges to us that have not been present in recent years, if ever. In addition, the investment philosophy and techniques used by our Investment Adviser may differ from those used by other investment companies. Accordingly, we can offer no assurance that PennantPark Investment will replicate the historical performance of other investment companies with which Mr. Penn and our other investment professionals have been affiliated, and we caution that our investment returns could be substantially lower than the returns achieved by such other companies.

Any failure on our part to maintain our status as a business development company would reduce our operating flexibility.

If we do not remain a business development company, we might be regulated as a closed-end investment company under the 1940 Act, which would subject us to substantially more regulatory restrictions under the 1940 Act and correspondingly decrease our operating flexibility.

Loss of RIC tax treatment would substantially reduce net assets and income available for debt service and dividends.

We have operated so as to qualify as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code. If we meet source-of-income, quarterly asset diversification, and Annual Distribution Requirements, we generally will not be subject to corporate-level income taxation on income we timely distribute, or deem to distribute, to our stockholders as dividends. We would cease to qualify for such tax treatment if we were unable to comply with these requirements. In addition, we may have difficulty meeting the requirement to make distributions to our stockholders because in certain cases we may recognize income before or without receiving cash representing such income. If we fail to qualify as a RIC, we will have to pay corporate-level taxes on all of our income whether or not we distribute it, which would substantially reduce the amount of income available for debt service as well as reduce and/or affect the character and amount of our distributions to our stockholders. Even if we qualify as a RIC, we generally will be subject to a corporate-level income tax on the income we do not distribute. If we do not distribute at least 98% of our annual taxable income (excluding net long-term capital gains retained or deemed to be distributed) in the year earned, we generally will be required to pay an excise tax on amounts carried over and distributed to shareholders in the next year equal to 4% of the amount by which 98% of our annual taxable income available for distribution exceeds the distributions from such income for the current year.

We may have difficulty paying our required distributions if we recognize income before or without receiving cash representing such income.

For federal income tax purposes, we will include in income certain amounts that we have not yet received in cash, such as original issue discount or contracted payment-in-kind, or “PIK,” interest, which represents contractual interest added to the loan balance and due at the end of the loan term. Original issue discount, which could be significant relative to our overall investment assets, and increases in loan balances as a result of contracted PIK interest will be included in income before we receive any corresponding cash payments. We also may be required to include in income certain other amounts that we will not receive in cash.

The part of the incentive fee payable by us that relates to our net investment income is computed and paid on income that may include interest that has been accrued but not yet received in cash. If a portfolio company defaults on a loan that is structured to provide accrued interest, it is possible that accrued interest previously used in the calculation of the incentive fee will become uncollectible.

In some cases we may recognize income before or without receiving cash representing such income. As a result, we may have difficulty meeting the tax requirement to distribute at least 90% of the sum of our ordinary income and realized net short-term capital gains, if any, to obtain RIC tax benefits. Accordingly, we may have to sell some of our investments at times we would not consider advantageous, raise additional debt or equity capital or reduce new investment originations to meet these distribution requirements. If we are not able to obtain cash from other sources, we may fail to qualify for RIC tax benefits and thus be subject to corporate level income tax.

Regulations governing our operation as a business development company will affect our ability to, and the way in which we, raise additional capital.

Our business requires a substantial amount of capital. We may acquire additional capital from the issuance of senior securities or other indebtedness, the issuance of additional shares of our common stock, the issuance of warrants or subscription rights to purchase certain of our securities, or from securitization transactions. However, we may not be able to raise additional capital in the future on favorable terms or at all. We may issue debt securities or preferred securities, which we refer to collectively as “senior securities,” and we may borrow money from banks or other financial institutions, up to the maximum amount permitted by the 1940 Act. The 1940 Act permits us to issue senior securities or incur indebtedness only in amounts such that our asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, equals at

 

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least 200% after such issuance or incurrence. Our ability to pay dividends or issue additional senior securities would be restricted if our asset coverage ratio were not at least 200%. If the value of our assets declines, we may be unable to satisfy this test. If that happens, we may be required to liquidate a portion of our investments and repay a portion of our indebtedness at a time when such sales may be disadvantageous, which could materially damage our business.

 

   

Senior Securities. As a result of issuing senior securities, we would also be exposed to typical risks associated with leverage, including an increased risk of loss. If we issue preferred securities, they would rank “senior” to common stock in our capital structure. Preferred stockholders would have separate voting rights and may have rights, preferences or privileges more favorable than those of holders of our common stock. Furthermore, the issuance of preferred securities could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a transaction or a change of control that might involve a premium price for our common stockholders or otherwise be in your best interest.

 

   

Additional Common Stock. Our board of directors may decide to issue common stock to finance our operations rather than issuing debt or other senior securities. As a business development company, we are generally not able to issue our common stock at a price below net asset value without first obtaining required approvals from our stockholders and our board of directors. We have obtained such approval from our shareholders in August 2009, which will remain in effect for twelve months. Also, subject to the requirements of the 1940 Act,we may issue rights to acquire our common stock at a price below the current net asset value of the common stock if our board of directors determines that such sale is in our best interests and the best interests of our common stockholders. In any such case, the price at which our securities are to be issued and sold may not be less than a price, that in the determination of our board of directors, closely approximates the market value of such securities. We will not offer transferable subscription rights to our stockholders at a price equivalent to less than the then current net asset value per share of common stock, excluding underwriting commissions, unless we first file a post-effective amendment that is declared effective by the SEC with respect to such issuance and the common stock to be purchased in connection with the rights represents no more than one-third of our outstanding common stock at the time such rights are issued. In addition, we note that for us to file a post-effective amendment to a registration statement on Form N-2, we must then be qualified to register our securities on Form S-3. If we raise additional funds by issuing more common stock or warrants or senior securities convertible into, or exchangeable for, our common stock, the percentage ownership of our common stockholders at that time would decrease, and our common stockholders may experience dilution.

 

   

Securitization. In addition to issuing securities to raise capital as described above, we anticipate that in the future, as market conditions permit, we may securitize our loans to generate cash for funding new investments. To securitize loans, we may create a wholly owned subsidiary, contribute a pool of loans to the subsidiary and have the subsidiary issue primarily investment grade debt securities to purchasers who we would expect to be willing to accept a substantially lower interest rate than the loans earn. We would retain all or a portion of the equity in the securitized pool of loans. Our retained equity would be exposed to any losses on the portfolio of loans before any of the debt securities would be exposed to such losses. Accordingly, if the pool of loans experienced a low level of losses due to defaults, we would earn an incremental amount of income on our retained equity but we would be exposed, up to the amount of equity we retained, to that proportion of any losses we would have experienced if we had continued to hold the loans in our portfolio. We would not treat the debt issued by such a subsidiary as senior securities. An inability to successfully securitize our loan portfolio could limit our ability to grow our business and fully execute our business strategy and adversely affect our earnings, if any. Moreover, the successful securitization of a portion of our loan portfolio might expose us to losses as the residual loans in which we do not sell interests will tend to be those that are riskier and more apt to generate losses.

We currently use borrowed funds to make investments and are exposed to the typical risks associated with leverage.

Because we borrow funds to make investments we are exposed to increased risk of loss due to our use of debt to make investments. A decrease in the value of our investments will have a greater negative impact on the net asset value attributable to our common stock than it would if we did not use debt. Our ability to pay distributions is restricted when our asset coverage ratio is not at least 200%, and any amounts that we use to service our indebtedness are not available for distribution to our common stockholders.

Our current and future debt is governed by the terms of our credit facility and may be governed by an indenture or other instrument containing covenants restricting our operating flexibility. We, and indirectly our stockholders, bear the cost of issuing and servicing debt. Any convertible or exchangeable securities that we issue in the future may have rights, preferences and privileges more favorable than those of our common stock.

Market conditions may make it difficult to extend the maturity of or refinance our existing indebtedness and any failure to do so could have a material adverse effect on our business.

We currently utilize a revolving five-year, $300.0 million credit facility to make investments in our portfolio companies. Our credit facility expires in June 2012. The life of our investments typically exceeds the duration of our indebtedness under our credit facility. This means that we will have to extend the maturity of our credit facility or refinance our indebtedness under our credit facility in order to continue to maintain control over our portfolio assets. In addition, under current market conditions, we believe it will be difficult to renew or refinance our credit facility on terms as favorable as those in our existing credit facility. In particular, market interest rates have escalated significantly for borrowers such as us since we entered into our credit facility in June 2007. If we fail to refinance the indebtedness outstanding under our credit facility at the time it becomes due and payable, the administrative agent of the credit facility may elect to exercise various remedies, including the sale of all or a portion of the collateral securing the credit facility, subject to certain restrictions. The illiquidity of our investments may make it difficult for us to sell such investments. If we are required to sell our investments on short-term notice, we may not receive the value that we have recorded for such investments, and this could materially damage our results of operations.

If we incur additional debt, it could increase the risk of investing in our shares.

We have indebtedness outstanding pursuant to our credit facility and expect in the future to borrow additional amounts under our credit facility and, subject to market availability, to increase the size of our credit facility. Lenders have fixed dollar claims on our assets that are superior to the claims of our common stockholders or preferred stockholders, if any, and we have granted a security interest in our assets in connection with our credit facility borrowings. In the case of a liquidation

 

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event, those lenders would receive proceeds before our stockholders. In addition, borrowings, also known as leverage, magnify the potential for gain or loss on amounts invested and, therefore, increase the risks associated with investing in our securities. Leverage is generally considered a speculative investment technique. If the value of our assets decreases, leveraging would cause the net asset value attributable to our common stock to decline more than it otherwise would have had we not leveraged. Similarly, any decrease in our revenue would cause our net income to decline more than it would have had we not borrowed funds and could negatively affect our ability to make distributions on our common or preferred stock. Our ability to service any debt that we incur depends largely on our financial performance and is subject to prevailing economic conditions and competitive pressures.

As of September 30, 2009 we had outstanding borrowings of $225.1 million under our credit facility (including a temporary draw of $7.0 million) with a weighted average annual interest rate at the time of 1.31% exclusive of the fee on undrawn commitment of 0.20%. Accordingly, to cover the annual interest on our borrowings outstanding at September 30, 2009, at the then current rate, we would have to receive an annual yield of at least 0.6%. This example is for illustrative purposes only, and actual interest rates on our credit facility borrowings are likely to fluctuate. The costs associated with our borrowings, including any increase in the management fee payable to our Investment Adviser, will be borne by our common stockholders.

As a business development company, we generally are required to meet a coverage ratio of total assets to total borrowings and other senior securities, which include all of our borrowings and any preferred stock we may issue in the future, of at least 200% of total indebtedness. If this ratio declines below 200%, we may not be able to incur additional debt and may need to sell a portion of our investments to repay some debt when it is disadvantageous to do so, and we may not be able to make distributions.

The following table is designed to illustrate the effect on return to a holder of our common stock of the leverage created by our use of borrowing at September 30, 2009 of 34% of total assets (including such borrowed funds), at a weighted average rate at the time of 1.31%, and assuming hypothetical annual returns on our portfolio of minus 10 to plus 10 percent. As can be seen, leverage generally increases the return to stockholders when the portfolio return is positive and decreases return when the portfolio return is negative. Actual returns may be greater or less than those appearing in the table.

 

Assumed return on portfolio (net of expenses)(1)

   -10.0 %   -5.0 %   0      5.0 %   10.0 %

Corresponding return to common stockholders(2)

   -18.0 %   -9.5 %   -1.0 %   7.5 %   16.1 %

 

(1) The assumed portfolio return is required by regulation of the SEC and is not a prediction of, and does not represent, our projected or actual performance.
(2) In order to compute the “corresponding return to common stockholders,” the “assumed return on portfolio” is multiplied by the total value of our assets at the beginning of the period to obtain an assumed return to us. From this amount, all interest expense expected to be accrued during the period is subtracted to determine the return available to stockholders. The return available to stockholders is then divided by the total value of our net assets as of the beginning of the period to determine the “corresponding return to common stockholders.”

The table also assumes that we will maintain a constant level of leverage. The amount of leverage that we use will vary from time to time.

We are exposed to risks associated with changes in interest rates that may affect our cost of capital and net investment income.

Since we borrow money to make investments, our net investment income depends, in part, upon the difference between the rate at which we borrow funds and the rate at which we invest those funds. As a result, we can offer no assurance that a significant change in market interest rates will not have a material adverse effect on our net investment income. In the period from June 25, 2007, when we executed our credit facility, through September 30, 2009, the applicable LIBOR rate has decreased from 5.3% to 0.3%. In periods of rising interest rates, our cost of funds will increase, which could reduce our net investment income. We may use interest rate risk management techniques in an effort to limit our exposure to interest rate fluctuations. These techniques may include various interest rate hedging activities to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act. These activities may limit our ability to participate in the benefits of lower interest rates with respect to the hedged portfolio. Adverse developments resulting from changes in interest rates or hedging transactions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Also, we have limited experience in entering into hedging transactions, and we will initially have to purchase or develop such expertise. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations—Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.”

A rise in the general level of interest rates can be expected to lead to higher interest rates applicable to our debt investments. Accordingly, an increase in interest rates would make it easier for us to meet or exceed the incentive fee hurdle and may result in a substantial increase of the amount of incentive fees payable to our Investment Adviser with respect to Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income.

General interest rate fluctuations may have a substantial negative impact on our investments, the value of our common stock and our rate of return on invested capital. A reduction in the interest rates on new investments relative to interest rates on current investments could also have an adverse impact on our net interest income. An increase in interest rates could decrease the value of any investments we hold which earn fixed interest rates, including subordinated loans, senior and junior secured and unsecured debt securities and loans and high-yield bonds, and also could increase our interest expense, thereby decreasing our net income. Also, an increase in interest rates available to investors could make investment in our common stock less attractive if we are not able to increase our dividend rate, which could reduce the value of our common stock.

We may in the future determine to fund a portion of our investments with preferred stock, which would magnify the potential for loss and the risks of investing in us in the same way as our borrowings.

Preferred stock, which is another form of leverage, has the same risks to our common stockholders as borrowings because the dividends on any preferred stock we issue must be cumulative. If we issue preferred securities they would rank “senior” to common stock in our capital structure. Payment of dividends on, and repayment of the liquidation preference of, such preferred stock would typically take preference over any dividends or other payments to our common stockholders.

 

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Also, preferred stockholders are not, typically, subject to any of our expenses or losses and are not entitled to participate in any income or appreciation in excess of their stated preference. Furthermore, preferred stockholders would have separate voting rights and may have rights, preferences or privileges more favorable than those of our common stock. Also, the issuance of preferred securities could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a transaction or a change of control that might involve a premium price for our common stockholders or otherwise be in your best interest.

We may in the future determine to fund a portion of our investments with debt securities, which would magnify the potential for loss and the risks of investing in us in the same way as our borrowings.

As a result of an issuance of debt securities, we would be exposed to typical risks associated with leverage, including an increased risk of loss and an increase in expenses, which are ultimately borne by our common stockholders. Payment of interest on such debt securities must take preference over any other dividends or other payments to our common stockholders. If we issue debt securities, it is likely that such securities will be governed by an indenture or other instrument containing covenants restricting our operating flexibility. In addition, such securities may be rated by rating agencies, and in obtaining a rating for such securities, we may be required to abide by operating and investment guidelines that could further restrict our operating flexibility. Furthermore, any amounts that we use to service our indebtedness would not be available for distributions to our common stockholders.

If we issue preferred stock and/or debt securities, the net asset value and market value of our common stock may become more volatile.

We cannot assure you that the issuance of preferred stock and/or debt securities would result in a higher yield or return to the holders of our common stock. The issuance of preferred stock and/or debt securities would likely cause the net asset value and market value of our common stock to become more volatile. If the dividend rate on the preferred stock, or the interest rate on the debt securities, were to approach the net rate of return on our investment portfolio, the benefit of leverage to the holders of our common stock would be reduced. If the dividend rate on the preferred stock, or the interest rate on the debt securities, were to exceed the net rate of return on our portfolio, the use of leverage would result in a lower rate of return to the holders of common stock than if we had not issued the preferred stock or debt securities. Any decline in the net asset value of our investment would be borne entirely by the holders of our common stock. Therefore, if the market value of our portfolio were to decline, the leverage would result in a greater decrease in net asset value to the holders of our common stock than if we were not leveraged through the issuance of preferred stock. This decline in net asset value would also tend to cause a greater decline in the market price for our common stock.

There is also a risk that, in the event of a sharp decline in the value of our net assets, we would be in danger of failing to maintain required asset coverage ratios which may be required by the preferred stock and/or debt securities or of a downgrade in the ratings of the preferred stock and/or debt securities or our current investment income might not be sufficient to meet the dividend requirements on the preferred stock or the interest payments on the debt securities. In order to counteract such an event, we might need to liquidate investments in order to fund redemption of some or all of the preferred stock and/or debt securities. In addition, we would pay (and the holders of our common stock would bear) all costs and expenses relating to the issuance and ongoing maintenance of the preferred stock and/or debt securities. Holders of preferred stock and/or debt securities may have different interests than holders of common stock and may at times have disproportionate influence over our affairs.

Holders of any preferred stock that we may issue will have the right to elect members of the board of directors and have class voting rights on certain matters.

The 1940 Act requires that holders of shares of preferred stock must be entitled as a class to elect two directors at all times and to elect a majority of the directors if dividends on such preferred stock are in arrears by two years or more, until such arrearage is eliminated. In addition, certain matters under the 1940 Act require the separate vote of the holders of any issued and outstanding preferred stock, including changes in fundamental investment restrictions and conversion to open-end status and, accordingly, preferred stockholders could veto any such changes. Restrictions imposed on the declarations and payment of dividends or other distributions to the holders of our common stock and preferred stock, both by the 1940 Act and by requirements imposed by rating agencies, might impair our ability to maintain our qualification as a RIC for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

The trading market or market value of any publicly issued debt securities may be volatile.

If we publicly issue debt securities, they may or may not have an established trading market. We cannot assure investors that a trading market for our publicly issued debt securities would develop or be maintained if developed. In addition to our creditworthiness, many factors may materially adversely affect the trading market for, and market value of, our publicly issued debt securities. These factors include the following:

 

   

the time remaining to the maturity of these debt securities;

 

   

the outstanding principal amount of debt securities with terms identical to these debt securities;

 

   

the supply of debt securities trading in the secondary market, if any;

 

   

the redemption or repayment features, if any, of these debt securities;

 

   

the level, direction and volatility of market interest rates generally; and

 

   

market rates of interest higher or lower than rates borne by the debt securities.

There also may be a limited number of buyers for our debt securities. This too may materially adversely affect the market value of the debt securities or the trading market for the debt securities.

Our credit ratings may not reflect all risks of an investment in debt securities.

Our credit ratings are an assessment of our ability to pay our obligations. Consequently, real or anticipated changes in our credit ratings will generally affect the market value of any publicly issued debt securities. Our credit ratings, however, may not reflect the potential impact of risks related to market conditions generally or other factors discussed above on the market value of, or trading market for, any publicly issued debt securities.

 

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Terms relating to redemption may materially adversely affect the return on any debt securities.

If we issue debt securities that are redeemable at our option, we may choose to redeem the debt securities at times when prevailing interest rates are lower than the interest rate paid on the debt securities. In addition, if the debt securities are subject to mandatory redemption, we may be required to redeem the debt securities at times when prevailing interest rates are lower than the interest rate paid on the debt securities. In this circumstance, a holder of our debt securities may not be able to reinvest the redemption proceeds in a comparable security at an effective interest rate as high as the debt securities being redeemed.

If we issue subscription rights or warrants for our common stock, your interest in us may be diluted as a result of such rights or warrants offering.

Stockholders who do not fully exercise rights or warrants issued to them in an offering of subscription rights or warrants to purchase our common stock should expect that they will, at the completion of the offering, own a smaller proportional interest in us than would otherwise be the case if they fully exercised their rights or warrants. We cannot state precisely the amount of any such dilution in share ownership because we do not know what proportion of the common stock would be purchased as a result of any such offering.

In addition, if the subscription price or warrant price is less than our net asset value per share of common stock at the time of such offering, then our stockholders would experience an immediate dilution of the aggregate net asset value of their shares as a result of the offering. The amount of any such decrease in net asset value is not predictable because it is not known at this time what the subscription price, warrant price or net asset value per share will be on the expiration date of such rights offering or what proportion of our common stock will be purchased as a result of any such offering.

We may experience fluctuations in our quarterly results.

We could experience fluctuations in our quarterly operating results due to a number of factors, including the interest rate payable on the debt securities we acquire, the default rate on such securities, the level of our expenses, variations in, and the timing of the recognition of, realized and unrealized gains or losses, the degree to which we encounter competition in our markets and general economic conditions. However, as a result of our irrevocable election to apply the fair value option to our credit facility future decreases of fair value of our debt will have a corresponding increase to our net asset value. Further increases of fair value of our debt will have the opposite effect. This will tend to mitigate volatility in our earnings. As a result of these factors, results for any period should not be relied upon as being indicative of performance in future periods.

There are significant potential conflicts of interest which could impact our investment returns.

The professionals of our Investment Adviser and Administrator may serve as officers, directors or principals of entities that operate in the same or a related line of business as we do or of investment funds managed by affiliates of PennantPark Investment that may be formed in the future. The Investment Adviser and Administrator has not yet undertaken any such services, but may do so at any time and without the prior approval of our stockholders or our board of directors. Our board of directors monitors any potential conflict that may arise upon such a development. Accordingly, if this occurs, they may have obligations to investors in those entities, the fulfillment of which might not be in the best interests of us or our stockholders.

In the course of our investing activities, we will pay investment advisory and incentive fees to our Investment Adviser, and will reimburse our Investment Adviser for certain expenses it incurs. As a result, investors in our common stock will invest on a “gross” basis and receive distributions on a “net” basis after expenses, resulting in a lower rate of return than an investor might achieve through direct investments. Accordingly, there may be times when the management team of the Investment Adviser has interests that differ from those of our stockholders, giving rise to a conflict.

We have entered into a license agreement (the “License Agreement”) with PennantPark Investment Advisers, pursuant to which our Investment Adviser has agreed to grant us a royalty-free non-exclusive license to use the name “PennantPark.” Under the License Agreement, we will have the right to use the “PennantPark” name for so long as the Investment Adviser or one of its affiliates remains our investment adviser. Other than with respect to this limited license, we have no legal right to the “PennantPark” name. In addition, we pay PennantPark Investment Administration, an affiliate of the Investment Adviser, our allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by PennantPark Investment Administration in performing its obligations under our Administration Agreement, including rent and our allocable portion of the cost of our chief financial officer and chief compliance officer and their respective staffs. These arrangements may create conflicts of interest that our board of directors must monitor.

Changes in laws or regulations governing our operations may adversely affect our business.

We and our portfolio companies are subject to regulation by laws at the local, state and federal levels. These laws and regulations, as well as their interpretation, may be changed from time to time. Accordingly, any change in these laws or regulations could have a material adverse effect on our business.

Our board of directors may change our investment objectives, operating policies and strategies without prior notice or stockholder approval.

Our board of directors has the authority to modify or waive certain of our operating policies and strategies without prior notice and without stockholder approval (except as required by the 1940 Act). However, absent stockholder approval, we may not change the nature of our business so as to cease to be, or withdraw our election as, a business development company. We cannot predict the effect any changes to our current operating policies and strategies would have on our business, operating results and value of our stock. Nevertheless, the effects may adversely affect our business and impact our ability to make distributions.

RISKS RELATING TO THE ILLIQUID NATURE OF OUR PORTFOLIO ASSETS

We invest in illiquid assets, and our valuation procedures with respect to such assets may result in our recording values that are materially different than the values we ultimately receive upon disposition of such assets.

All of our investments are recorded using broker/dealers quotes, or at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors. We expect that primarily most, if not all, of our investments (other than cash and cash equivalents) and credit facility borrowings will be classified as Level 3 under ASC 820 (formerly known as SFAS No. 157). This means that our portfolio valuations will be based on unobservable inputs and our own assumptions about how market participants would price the asset or liability. We expect that inputs into the determination of fair value of our portfolio investments and credit facility borrowings will require significant management judgment or estimation. Even if observable market data is available, such information may be the result of consensus pricing information or broker quotes which include a disclaimer that the broker would not be held to such a price in an actual transaction. The non-binding nature of consensus pricing and/or quotes accompanied by disclaimer materially reduces the reliability of such information.

 

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Determining fair value requires that judgment be applied to the specific facts and circumstances of each portfolio investment while employing a consistently applied valuation process for the types of investments we make. In determining fair value in good faith, we generally obtain financial and other information from portfolio companies, which may represent unaudited, projected or pro forma financial information. Unlike banks, we are not permitted to provide a general reserve for anticipated loan losses; we are instead required by the 1940 Act to specifically fair value each individual investment on a quarterly basis. We record unrealized appreciation if we believe that the underlying portfolio company has appreciated in value. Likewise, we record unrealized depreciation if we believe that the underlying portfolio company has depreciated in value. As a result, there will be uncertainty as to the value of our portfolio investments.

We adjust quarterly the valuation of our portfolio to reflect our board of directors’ determination of the fair value of each investment in our portfolio. Any changes in fair value are recorded in our statement of operations as net change in unrealized appreciation or depreciation.

At September 30, 2009, most of our portfolio assets were recorded at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors. As we invest a greater percentage of our total assets in core assets, more of our portfolio assets will be recorded at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors. Our board of directors uses the services of one or more nationally recognized independent valuation firms to aid it in determining the fair value of these securities. The factors that may be considered in fair value pricing of our investments include the nature and realizable value of any collateral, the portfolio company’s ability to make payments and its earnings and cash flows, the markets in which the portfolio company does business, comparison to publicly traded companies and other relevant factors. Because valuations may fluctuate over short periods of time and may be based on estimates, our determinations of fair value may differ materially from the values that would have been used if a ready market for these securities existed. Additionally, valuations of private securities and private companies are inherently uncertain. Our net asset value could be adversely affected if our determinations regarding the fair value of our investments were materially higher than the values that we ultimately realize upon the disposal of such securities.

The lack of liquidity in our investments may adversely affect our business.

We may acquire our core investments directly from the issuer in privately negotiated transactions. Substantially all of these securities are subject to legal and other restrictions on resale or are otherwise less liquid than publicly traded securities. We typically exit our investments when the portfolio company has a liquidity event such as a sale, recapitalization, or initial public offering of the company, but we are not required to do so.

The illiquidity of our investments may make it difficult or impossible for us to sell such investments if the need arises, particularly in light of current market developments in which investor appetite for illiquid securities has substantially diminished. In addition, if we are required to liquidate all or a portion of our portfolio quickly, we may realize significantly less than the value at which we have previously recorded our investments. In addition, we may face other restrictions on our ability to liquidate an investment in a portfolio company to the extent that we have material non-public information regarding such portfolio company.

Securities purchased by us that are liquid at the time of purchase may subsequently become illiquid due to events relating to the issuer of the securities, market events, economic conditions or investor perceptions. Domestic and foreign markets are complex and interrelated, so that events in one sector of the world markets or economy, or in one geographical region, can reverberate and have materially negative consequences for other market, economic or regional sectors in a manner that may not be foreseen and which may materially harm our business.

A general disruption in the credit markets could materially damage our business.

We are susceptible to the risk of significant loss if we are forced to discount the value of our investments in order to provide liquidity to meet our liability maturities. Our borrowings under our credit facility are collateralized by the assets in our investment portfolio. A general disruption in the credit markets could result in a diminished appetite for our securities. In addition, with respect to over-the-counter traded securities, the continued viability of any over-the-counter secondary market depends on the continued willingness of dealers and other participants to purchase the securities.

If the fair value of our assets declines substantially, we may fail to maintain the asset coverage ratios stipulated by the 1940 Act, which could, in turn, cause us to lose our status as a business development company and materially impair our business operations. Our liquidity could be impaired further by an inability to access the capital markets or to draw down our credit facility. These situations may arise due to circumstances that we may be unable to control, such as a general disruption in the credit markets, a severe decline in the value of the U.S. dollar, a sharp economic downturn or an operational problem that affects third parties or us, and could materially damage our business.

We rely in part on our senior secured securities to provide us with adequate liquidity, but even these securities face liquidity constraints under current market conditions.

The market for senior secured debt securities and other over-the-counter traded securities has weakened as the viability of any over-the-counter secondary market depends on the continued willingness of dealers and other participants to purchase the securities. This demand has slackened under current market conditions.

RISKS RELATED TO OUR INVESTMENTS

Our investments in prospective portfolio companies may be risky, and you could lose all or part of your investment.

We intend to invest primarily in mezzanine debt, senior secured loans and selected equity investments issued by U.S. middle-market companies.

 

   

Mezzanine Debt: Our mezzanine debt investments will generally be subordinated to senior secured loans and will generally be unsecured. This may result in an above average amount of risk and volatility or a loss of principal. These investments may involve additional risks that could adversely affect our investment returns. To the extent interest payments associated with such debt are deferred, such debt may be subject to greater fluctuations in valuations, and such debt could subject us and our stockholders to non-cash income. Since we will not receive cash prior to the maturity of some of our mezzanine debt investments, such investments may be of greater risk than cash paying loans.

 

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Senior Secured Loans: When we extend senior secured loans, we will generally take a security interest in the available assets of these portfolio companies, including the equity interests of their subsidiaries, although this will not always be the case. We expect this security interest, if any, to help mitigate the risk that we will not be repaid. However, there is a risk that the collateral securing our loans may decrease in value over time, may be difficult to sell in a timely manner, may be difficult to appraise and may fluctuate in value based upon the success of the business and market conditions, including as a result of the inability of the portfolio company to raise additional capital. Also, in some circumstances, our lien could be subordinated to claims of other creditors. In addition, deterioration in a portfolio company’s financial condition and prospects, including its inability to raise additional capital, may be accompanied by deterioration in the value of the collateral for the loan. Consequently, the fact that a loan is secured does not guarantee that we will receive principal and interest payments according to the loan’s terms, or at all, or that we will be able to collect on the loan should we be forced to enforce our remedies.

 

   

Equity Investments: We have made and expect to continue to make selected equity investments. In addition, when we invest in senior secured loans or mezzanine debt, we may acquire warrants to purchase equity investments from time to time. Our goal is ultimately to dispose of these equity investments and realize gains upon our disposition of such interests. However, the equity investments we receive may not appreciate in value and, in fact, may decline in value. Accordingly, we may not be able to realize gains from our equity investments, and any gains that we do realize on the disposition of any equity investments may not be sufficient to offset any other losses we experience.

In addition, investing in middle-market companies involves a number of significant risks, including:

 

   

companies may have limited financial resources and may be unable to meet their obligations under their debt securities that we hold, which may be accompanied by a deterioration in the value of any collateral and a reduction in the likelihood of us realizing any guarantees we may have obtained in connection with our investment;

 

   

they typically have shorter operating histories, narrower product lines and smaller market shares than larger businesses, which tend to render them more vulnerable to competitors’ actions and changing market conditions, as well as general economic downturns;

 

   

they are more likely to depend on the management talents and efforts of a small group of persons; therefore, the death, disability, resignation or termination of one or more of these persons could have a material adverse impact on our portfolio company and, in turn, on us;

 

   

they generally have less predictable operating results, may from time to time be parties to litigation, may be engaged in rapidly changing businesses with products subject to a substantial risk of obsolescence, and may require substantial additional capital to support their operations, finance expansion or maintain their competitive position. In addition, our executive officers, directors and our Investment Adviser may, in the ordinary course of business, be named as defendants in litigation arising from our investments in the portfolio companies; and

 

   

they may have difficulty accessing the capital markets to meet future capital needs, which may limit their ability to grow or to repay their outstanding indebtedness upon maturity.

We may invest up to 30% of our assets in investments that are not qualifying assets for business development companies under the 1940 Act. If we do not invest a sufficient portion of our assets in qualifying assets, we could be precluded from investing in assets that we deem to be attractive.

As a business development company, we may not acquire any asset other than qualifying assets, as defined under the 1940 Act, unless at the time the acquisition is made such qualifying assets represent at least 70% of the value of our total assets. Qualifying assets include investments in U.S. operating companies whose securities are not listed on a national securities exchange and companies listed on a national securities exchange subject to a market capitalization limit of $250 million. Qualifying assets also include cash, cash items, government securities and high quality debt securities maturing in one year or less from the time of investment.

We believe that most of our senior secured loans and mezzanine debt investments will constitute qualifying assets. However, we may be precluded from investing in what we believe are attractive investments if such investments are not qualifying assets for purposes of the 1940 Act. If we do not invest a sufficient portion of our assets in qualifying assets, we will be prohibited from making any additional investment that is not a qualifying asset and could be forced to forgo attractive investment opportunities. Similarly, these rules could prevent us from making follow-on investments in existing portfolio companies (which could result in the dilution of our position) or could require us to dispose of investments at inappropriate times in order to comply with the 1940 Act. If we need to dispose of such investments quickly, it would be difficult to dispose of such investments on favorable terms. For example, we may have difficulty in finding a buyer and, even if we do find a buyer, we may have to sell the investments at a substantial loss.

We are a non-diversified investment company within the meaning of the 1940 Act, and therefore we generally are not limited with respect to the proportion of our assets that may be invested in securities of a single issuer.

We are classified as a non-diversified investment company within the meaning of the 1940 Act, which means that we are not limited by the 1940 Act with respect to the proportion of our assets that we may invest in securities of a single issuer, excluding limitations on stake holdings in investment companies. To the extent that we assume large positions in the securities of a small number of issuers, our net asset value may fluctuate to a greater extent than that of a diversified investment company as a result of changes in the financial condition or the market’s assessment of the issuer. We may also be more susceptible to any single economic or regulatory occurrence than a diversified investment company. Beyond our income tax diversification requirements, we do not have fixed guidelines for diversification, and our investments could be concentrated in relatively few portfolio companies.

Economic recessions or downturns could impair our portfolio companies and harm our operating results.

We are in a prolonged recession. Many of our portfolio companies are susceptible to economic slowdowns or recessions and may be unable to repay our loans during these periods. Therefore, our non-performing assets are likely to increase, and the value of our portfolio is likely to decrease during these periods. Adverse economic conditions also may decrease the value of collateral securing some of our loans and the value of our equity investments. Economic slowdowns or recessions could lead to financial losses in our portfolio and a material decrease in revenues, net income and assets. Unfavorable economic conditions also could increase our funding costs, limit our access to the capital markets or result in a decision by lenders not to extend credit to us. These events could prevent us from increasing investments and materially harm our operating results.

A portfolio company’s failure to satisfy financial or operating covenants imposed by us or other lenders could lead to defaults and potential termination of its loans and foreclosure on its secured assets, which could trigger cross-defaults under other agreements and jeopardize our portfolio company’s ability to meet its obligations under the debt securities that we hold. We may incur expenses to the extent necessary to seek recovery upon default or to negotiate new terms with a

 

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defaulting portfolio company. Depending on the facts and circumstances of our investments and the extent of our involvement in the management of a portfolio company, upon the bankruptcy of a portfolio company, a bankruptcy court may recharacterize our debt investments as equity investments and subordinate all or a portion of our claim to that of other creditors. This could occur even though we may have structured our investment as senior secured loans.

If we fail to make follow-on investments in our portfolio companies, this could impair the value of our portfolio.

Following an initial investment in a portfolio company, we may make additional investments in that portfolio company as “follow-on” investments, in order to:

 

   

increase or maintain in whole or in part our equity ownership percentage;

 

   

exercise warrants, options or convertible securities that were acquired in the original or subsequent financing; or

 

   

attempt to preserve or enhance the value of our investment. We may elect not to make follow-on investments or otherwise lack sufficient funds to make those investments.

We have the discretion to make any follow-on investments, subject to the availability of capital resources. Any failure to make follow-on investments may, in some circumstances, jeopardize the continued viability of a portfolio company and our initial investment, or may result in a missed opportunity for us to increase our participation in a successful operation. Even if we have sufficient capital to make a desired follow-on investment, we may elect not to make a follow-on investment because we may not want to increase our concentration of risk, because we prefer other opportunities, or because we are inhibited by compliance with business development company requirements or the desire to maintain our tax status.

Because we do not generally hold controlling equity interests in our portfolio companies, we may not be in a position to exercise control over our portfolio companies or to prevent decisions by management of our portfolio companies that could decrease the value of our investments.

Although we may do so in the future, we do not currently have controlling equity positions in our portfolio companies. As a result, we are subject to the risk that a portfolio company may make business decisions with which we disagree, and the stockholders and management of a portfolio company may take risks or otherwise act in ways that are adverse to our interests. Due to the lack of liquidity for the debt and equity investments that we typically hold in our portfolio companies, we may not be able to dispose of our investments in the event we disagree with the actions of a portfolio company, and may therefore suffer a decrease in the value of our investments.

An investment strategy focused primarily on privately held companies presents certain challenges, including the lack of available information about these companies, a dependence on the talents and efforts of only a few key portfolio company personnel and a greater vulnerability to economic downturns.

We have invested and intend to continue to invest primarily in privately held companies. Generally, little public information exists about these companies, and we will rely on the ability of our Investment Adviser’s investment professionals to obtain adequate information to evaluate the potential returns from investing in these companies. If they are unable to uncover all material information about these companies, we may not make a fully informed investment decision, and we may lose money on our investments. Also, privately held companies frequently have less diverse product lines and smaller market presence than larger competitors. These factors could materially adversely affect our investment returns as compared to companies investing primarily in the securities of public companies.

Our portfolio companies may incur debt that ranks equally with, or senior to, our investments in such companies.

We invest primarily in mezzanine debt, senior secured loans and equity investments issued by our portfolio companies. The portfolio companies usually will have, or may be permitted to incur, other debt that ranks equally with, or senior to, the debt securities in which we invest. By their terms, such debt instruments may provide that the holders are entitled to receive payment of interest or principal on or before the dates on which we are entitled to receive payments in respect of the debt securities in which we invest. Also, in the event of insolvency, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or bankruptcy of a portfolio company, holders of debt instruments ranking senior to our investment in that portfolio company would typically be entitled to receive payment in full before we receive any distribution in respect of our investment. After repaying such senior creditors, the portfolio company may not have any remaining assets to use for repaying its obligation to us. In the case of debt ranking equally with debt securities in which we invest, we would have to share on an equal basis any distributions with other creditors holding such debt in the event of an insolvency, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or bankruptcy of the relevant portfolio company.

Our incentive fee may induce the Investment Adviser to make speculative investments.

The incentive fee payable by us to PennantPark Investment Advisers may create an incentive for PennantPark Investment Advisers to make investments on our behalf that are risky or more speculative than would be the case in the absence of such compensation arrangement. The incentive fee payable to our Investment Adviser is calculated based on a percentage of our return on invested capital. This may encourage our Investment Adviser to use leverage to increase the return on our investments. Under certain circumstances, the use of leverage may increase the likelihood of default, which would disfavor the holders of our common stock. In addition, our Investment Adviser will receive the incentive fee based, in part, upon net capital gains realized on our investments. Unlike that portion of the incentive fee based on income, there is no hurdle applicable to the portion of the incentive fee based on net capital gains. As a result, the Investment Adviser may have a tendency to invest more capital in investments that are likely to result in capital gains as compared to income producing securities. Such a practice could result in our investing in more speculative securities than would otherwise be the case, which could result in higher investment losses, particularly during economic downturns.

We may make investments that cause our shareholders to bear investment advisory fees and other expenses on such investments in addition to our management fees and expenses.

We may invest, to the extent permitted by law, in the securities and instruments of other investment companies and companies that would be investment companies but are excluded from the definition of investment company provided in Section 3(c) of the 1940 Act. To the extent we so invest, we will bear our ratable share of any such investment company’s expenses, including management and performance fees. We will also remain obligated to pay investment advisory fees, consisting of a base management fee and incentive fees, to PennantPark Investment Advisers with respect to investments in the securities and instruments of other investment companies under our Investment Management Agreement. With respect to any such investments, each of our stockholders will bear his or her share of the investment advisory fees of PennantPark Investment Advisers as well as indirectly bearing the investment advisory fees and other expenses of any investment companies in which we invest.

 

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We may be obligated to pay our Investment Adviser incentive compensation even if we incur a loss.

Our investment adviser is entitled to incentive compensation for each fiscal quarter in an amount equal to a percentage of the excess of our investment income for that quarter (before deducting incentive compensation, net operating losses and certain other items) above a threshold return for that quarter. Our pre-incentive fee net investment income for incentive compensation purposes excludes realized and unrealized capital losses that we may incur in the fiscal quarter, even if such capital losses result in a net loss on our statement of operations for that quarter. Thus, we may be required to pay our manager incentive compensation for a fiscal quarter even if there is a decline in the value of our portfolio or we incur a net loss for that quarter.

Our investments in foreign debt securities may involve significant risks in addition to the risks inherent in U.S. investments.

Our investment strategy contemplates potential investments in securities of companies located outside of the United States. Investing in companies located outside of the United States may expose us to additional risks not typically associated with investing in U.S. companies. These risks include changes in exchange control regulations, political and social instability, expropriation, imposition of foreign taxes, less liquid markets and less available information than is generally the case in the United States, higher transaction costs, less government supervision of exchanges, brokers and issuers, less developed bankruptcy laws, difficulty in enforcing contractual obligations, lack of uniform accounting and auditing standards and greater price volatility.

Although most of our investments will be U.S. dollar-denominated, any investments denominated in a foreign currency will be subject to the risk that the value of a particular currency will change in relation to one or more other currencies. Among the factors that may affect currency values are trade balances, the level of short-term interest rates, differences in relative values of similar assets in different currencies, long-term opportunities for investment and capital appreciation, and political developments. We may employ hedging techniques to minimize these risks, but we can offer no assurance that we will, in fact, hedge currency risk or, that if we do, such strategies will be effective.

We may expose ourselves to risks if we engage in hedging transactions.

If we engage in hedging transactions, we may expose ourselves to risks associated with such transactions. We may borrow under a credit facility in currencies selected to minimize our foreign currency exposure or use instruments such as forward contracts, currency options and interest rate swaps, caps, collars and floors to seek to hedge against fluctuations in the relative values of our portfolio positions from changes in currency exchange rates and market interest rates. Hedging against a decline in the values of our portfolio positions does not eliminate the possibility of fluctuations in the values of such positions or prevent losses if the values of such positions decline. However, such hedging can establish other positions designed to gain from those same developments, thereby offsetting the decline in the value of such portfolio positions. Such hedging transactions may also limit the opportunity for gain if the values of the underlying portfolio positions should increase. Moreover, it may not be possible to hedge against an exchange rate or interest rate fluctuation that is so generally anticipated that we are not able to enter into a hedging transaction at an acceptable price.

While we may enter into such transactions to seek to reduce currency exchange rate and interest rate risks, unanticipated changes in currency exchange rates or interest rates may result in poorer overall investment performance than if we had not engaged in any such hedging transactions. In addition, the degree of correlation between price movements of the instruments used in a hedging strategy and price movements in the portfolio positions being hedged may vary. Moreover, for a variety of reasons, we may not seek to establish a perfect correlation between such hedging instruments and the portfolio holdings being hedged. Any such imperfect correlation may prevent us from achieving the intended hedge and expose us to risk of loss. In addition, it may not be possible to hedge fully or perfectly against currency fluctuations affecting the value of securities denominated in non-U.S. currencies because the value of those securities is likely to fluctuate as a result of factors not related to currency fluctuations.

Provisions of the Maryland General Corporation Law and of our charter and bylaws could deter takeover attempts and have an adverse impact on the price of our common stock.

The Maryland General Corporation Law, our charter and our bylaws contain provisions that may discourage, delay or make more difficult a change in control of PennantPark Investment or the removal of our directors. We are subject to the Maryland Business Combination Act, the application of which is subject to any applicable requirements of the 1940 Act. Our board of directors has adopted a resolution exempting us from the Business Combination Act any business combination between us and any other person, subject to prior approval of such business combination by our board, including approval by a majority of our disinterested directors. If the resolution exempting business combinations is repealed or our board does not approve a business combination, the Business Combination Act may discourage third parties from trying to acquire control of us and increase the difficulty of consummating such an offer. Our bylaws exempt from the Maryland Control Share Acquisition Act acquisitions of our common stock by any person. If we amend our bylaws to repeal the exemption from the Control Share Acquisition Act, the Control Share Acquisition Act also may make it more difficult for a third party to obtain control of us and increase the difficulty of consummating such an offer.

We have also adopted other measures that may make it difficult for a third party to obtain control of us, including provisions of our charter classifying our board of directors in three classes serving staggered three-year terms, and provisions of our charter authorizing our board of directors to classify or reclassify shares of our stock in one or more classes or series, to cause the issuance of additional shares of our stock, and to amend our charter, without stockholder approval, to increase or decrease the number of shares of stock that we have authority to issue. These provisions, as well as other provisions of our charter and bylaws, may delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change in control that might otherwise be in the best interests of our stockholders.

 

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RISKS RELATING TO AN INVESTMENT IN OUR COMMON STOCK

We have obtained and may again obtain, the approval of our stockholders to issue shares of our common stock at prices below the then current net asset value per share of our common stock. We have also issued, and in the future we may again issue shares of our common stock at a price below the then current net asset value per share of common stock. Any such issuance could materially dilute your interest in our common stock and reduce our net asset value per share.

On August 25, 2009, our stockholders approved a proposal that authorizes us to sell shares of our common stock below the then current net asset value per share of our common stock in one or more offerings for a 12-month period. On September 29, 2009, we sold shares of our common stock below the then current net asset value per share of common stock. This proposal has allowed and will continue to allow us to access the capital markets in a way that we were previously unable to as a result of restrictions that, absent stockholder approval, apply to business development companies under the 1940 Act. Any decision to sell shares of our common stock below the then current net asset value per share of our common stock in one or more offerings is subject to the determination by our board of directors that such issuance and sale is in our and our stockholders’ best interests.

Any sale or other issuance of shares of our common stock at a price below net asset value per share has resulted and will continue to result in an immediate dilution to your interest in our common stock and a reduction of our net asset value per share. This dilution would occur as a result of a proportionately greater decrease in a stockholder’s interest in our earnings and assets and voting interest in us than the increase in our assets resulting from such issuance. Because the number of future shares of common stock that may be issued below our net asset value per share and the price and timing of such issuances are not currently known, we cannot predict the actual dilutive effect of any such issuance. We also cannot determine the resulting reduction in our net asset value per share of any such issuance at this time. We caution you that such effects may be material, and we undertake to describe all the material risks and dilutive effects of any offering that we make at a price below our then current net asset value in the future in a prospectus supplement issued in connection with any such offering.

Because we intend to distribute substantially all of our income to our stockholders to maintain our status as a RIC, we will need to raise additional capital to finance our growth. If funds are not available to us, we may need to curtail new investments, and our common stock value could decline.

In order to satisfy the requirements applicable to a RIC, we intend to distribute to our stockholders substantially all of our net ordinary income and net capital gain income except for certain net long-term capital gains, some or all of which we may retain, pay applicable income taxes with respect thereto and elect to treat as deemed distributions to our stockholders. As a business development company, we generally are required to meet a coverage ratio of total assets to total senior securities, which includes all of our borrowings and any preferred stock we may issue in the future, of at least 200% of indebtedness. This requirement limits the amount we may borrow. If the value of our assets declines, we may be unable to satisfy this test. If that happens, we may be required to sell a portion of our investments or sell additional common stock and, depending on the nature of our leverage, to repay a portion of our indebtedness at a time when such sales and repayments may be disadvantageous. In addition, the issuance of additional securities could dilute the percentage ownership of our current stockholders in us.

There is a risk that our stockholders may not receive distributions or that our distributions may not grow over time.

We intend to make distributions on a quarterly basis to our stockholders out of assets legally available for distribution. We cannot assure you that we will achieve investment results that will allow us to make a specified level of cash distributions or year-to-year increases in cash distributions. In addition, due to the asset coverage test applicable to us as a business development company, we may be limited in our ability to make distributions. Further, if more stockholders opt to receive cash dividends and other distributions rather than participate in our dividend reinvestment plan, we may be forced to liquidate some of our investments and raise cash in order to make distribution payments, which could materially harm our business. Finally, to the extent we make distributions to stockholders which include a return of capital, that portion of the distribution essentially constitutes a return of the stockholders’ investment. Although such return of capital may not be taxable, such distributions may increase an investor’s tax liability for capital gains upon the future sale of our common stock.

Investing in our shares may involve an above average degree of risk.

The investments we make in accordance with our investment objectives may result in a higher amount of risk and volatility than alternative investment options or loss of principal. Our investments in portfolio companies may be highly speculative and aggressive and therefore, an investment in our shares may not be suitable for someone with lower risk tolerance.

There is a risk that our common stockholders may receive our stock as dividends.

        In January 2009, the Internal Revenue Service issued a revenue procedure that temporarily allows a regulated investment company to distribute its own stock as a dividend for the purpose of fulfilling its distribution requirements. Pursuant to this revenue procedure, a regulated investment company may treat a distribution of its own stock as a dividend if (1) the stock is publicly traded on an established securities market, (2) the distribution is declared with respect to a taxable year ending on or before December 31, 2009 and (3) each shareholder may elect to receive his or her entire distribution in either cash or stock of the regulated investment company subject to a limitation on the aggregate amount of cash to be distributed to all shareholders, which must be at least 10% of the aggregate declared distribution. If too many shareholders elect to receive cash, each shareholder electing to receive cash will receive a pro rata amount of cash (with the balance of the distribution paid in stock). In no event will any shareholder electing to receive cash receive less than 10% of his or her entire distribution in cash.

If we distribute our common stock as a dividend of our taxable income, a shareholder could receive up to 90% of the amount of the dividend declared in shares of our common stock with the remaining amount in cash. The total dividend declared would be taxable income to a shareholder although he or she may only receive 10% of the dividend in cash to pay any taxes due on the dividend.

We may allocate the net proceeds from an offering in ways with which you may not agree.

We have significant flexibility in investing the net proceeds of an offering and may use the net proceeds from an offering in ways with which you may not agree or for purposes other than those contemplated at the time of the offering.

Our shares may trade at discounts from net asset value or at premiums that are unsustainable over the long term.

Shares of business development companies may trade at a market price that is less than the net asset value that is attributable to those shares. Our shares have traded above and below our NAV. Our shares traded on NASDAQ Global Select Market at $8.11 and $7.41 as of September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Our NAV

 

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was $11.85 and $10.00, as of September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The possibility that our shares of common stock will trade at a discount from net asset value or at a premium that is unsustainable over the long term is separate and distinct from the risk that our net asset value will decrease. It is not possible to predict whether our shares will trade at, above or below net asset value in the future.

The market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly.

The market price and liquidity of the market for shares of our common stock may be significantly affected by numerous factors, some of which are beyond our control and may not be directly related to our operating performance. These factors include:

 

   

significant volatility in the market price and trading volume of securities of business development companies or other companies in our sector, which are not necessarily related to the operating performance of these companies;

 

   

changes in regulatory policies or tax guidelines, particularly with respect to RICs or business development companies;

 

   

any loss of RIC status;

 

   

changes in earnings or variations in operating results;

 

   

changes in the value of our portfolio of investments;

 

   

any shortfall in revenue or net income or any increase in losses from levels expected by investors or securities analysts;

 

   

the inability of our Investment Adviser to employ additional experienced investment professionals or the departure of any of the Investment Adviser’s key personnel;

 

   

operating performance of companies comparable to us;

 

   

general economic trends and other external factors; and

 

   

loss of a major funding source.

Since our initial listing on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, our shares of common stock have traded at a wide range of prices. We can offer no assurance that our shares of common stock will not display similar volatility in future periods.

We may be unable to invest the net proceeds raised from offerings on acceptable terms, which would harm our financial condition and operating results.

Until we identify new investment opportunities, we intend to either invest the net proceeds of future offerings in cash equivalents, U.S. government securities and other high-quality debt investments that mature in one year or less or use the net proceeds from such offerings to reduce then-outstanding obligations under our credit facility. We cannot assure you that we will be able to find enough appropriate investments that meet our investment criteria or that any investment we complete using the proceeds from an offering will produce a sufficient return.

Sales of substantial amounts of our securities may have an adverse effect on the market price of our securities.

Sales of substantial amounts of our securities, or the availability of such securities for sale, could adversely affect the prevailing market prices for our securities. If this occurs and continues it could impair our ability to raise additional capital through the sale of securities should we desire to do so.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None

 

Item 2. Properties

As of September 30, 2009, we do not own any real estate or other physical properties materially important to our operation. We believe that the office facilities of the Investment Adviser are suitable and adequate for our business as it is contemplated to be conducted.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

        Neither our Investment Adviser, our Administrator or us is currently subject to any material legal proceedings, nor, to our knowledge, is any material legal proceeding threatened against us, or against our Investment Adviser or Administrator. From time to time, we, our Investment Adviser or Administrator, may be a party to certain legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business, including proceedings relating to the enforcement of our rights under contracts with our portfolio companies. While the outcome of these legal proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty, we do not expect that these proceedings will have a material effect upon our financial condition of results of operations.

 

Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

On August 25, 2009, PennantPark Investment Corporation held a special meeting of stockholders in New York, NY for the purpose of considering and voting upon the approval to authorize us, with approval of our board of directors, to sell shares of our common stock at a price below our then current net asset value per share in one or more offerings, subject to certain conditions as set forth in the proxy statement filed on July 20, 2009, and approval to authorize us to sell or otherwise issue warrants or securities to subscribe for or convertible into shares of our common stock subject to certain limitations, also as set forth in the proxy statement filed July 20, 2009. The table below shows the votes casted as a percentage of shares outstanding and in terms of votes cast as follows:

 

Proposals:

   With Affiliates     Without Affiliates  

1) Sell shares of common stock below the then current net asset value

          
     Total Voted    % of
Outstanding
Shares
    Total Voted    % of
Outstanding
Shares
 

For

   14,415,069    68.42   13,788,833    67.65

Against

   1,058,669    5.02   1,058,669    5.19

Abstain

   62,211    0.30   62,211    0.31

Not voted

   5,532,823    26.26   5,472,823    26.85

2) Sell or issue warrants or securities convertible into common stock

          

For

   14,814,358    70.31   14,188,122    69.61

Against

   661,144    3.14   661,144    3.24

Abstain

   60,446    0.29   60,446    0.30

Not voted

   5,532,824    26.26   5,472,824    26.85

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

PRICE RANGE OF COMMON STOCK

Our common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “PNNT”. The following table lists the high and low closing sale price for our common stock, the closing sale price as a percentage of net asset value, or NAV, and quarterly dividends per share since shares of our common stock began being regularly quoted on the NASDAQ Global Select Market.

 

Period

        Closing Sales Price    High Sales
Price to
NAV (2)
    Low Sales
Price to
NAV (2)
    Dividends
Declared
   NAV(1)    High    Low       

Fiscal year ended September 30, 2009

               

Fourth quarter

   $ 11.85    $ 9.06    $ 6.28    76 %   53 %   $0.24

Third quarter

     11.72      7.65      3.85    65      33      0.24

Second quarter

     12.00      4.05      2.64    34      22      0.24

First quarter

     10.24      7.81      2.35    76      23      0.24

Fiscal year ended September 30, 2008

               

Fourth quarter

     10.00      8.50      5.92    85      59      0.24

Third quarter

     10.77      8.60      7.05    80      65      0.22

Second quarter

     10.26      11.31      8.38    110      82      0.22

First quarter

     12.07      14.49      9.08    120      75      0.22

Fiscal year ended September 30, 2007

               

Fourth quarter

     12.83      14.76      12.61    115      98      0.22

Third quarter*

     13.74      15.03      14.04    109      102      0.14

 

(1) NAV per share is determined as of the last day in the relevant quarter and therefore may not reflect the NAV per share on the date of the high and low sales prices. The NAVs shown are based on outstanding shares at the end of each period.
(2) Calculated as of the respective high or low closing sales price divided by the quarter end NAV.
 * From April 24, 2007 (initial public offering) to June 30, 2007.

While our common stock has from time to time traded in excess of our net asset value, there can be no assurance, however, that it will trade at such a premium (to net asset value) in the future.

We intend to continue making quarterly distributions to our stockholders. The timing and amount of our quarterly distributions, if any, is determined by our board of directors. Any distributions to our stockholders are declared out of assets legally available for distribution. We monitor available net investment income to determine if a tax return of capital may occur for the fiscal year. To the extent our taxable earnings fall below the total amount of our distributions for any given fiscal year, a portion of those distributions may be deemed to be a tax return of capital to our common stockholders. The following table reflects the cash distributions, including dividends and returns of capital per share that we have declared on our common stock since our inception (See Note 7 to our financial statements):

 

Record Dates

  

Payment Dates

   Dividends
Declared
 

Fiscal year ended September 30, 2009

     

September 8, 2009

   October 1, 2009    $ 0.24   

June 24, 2009

   July 1, 2009    $ 0.24   

March 25, 2009

   April 1, 2009    $ 0.24   

December 23, 2008

   January 2, 2009    $ 0.24   
           

Total

      $ 0.96   

Fiscal year ended September 30, 2008

     

September 24, 2008

   October 1, 2008    $ 0.24   

June 23, 2008

   June 30, 2008    $ 0.22   

March 24, 2008

   March 31, 2008    $ 0.22   

December 24, 2007

   December 31, 2007    $ 0.22   
           

Total

      $ 0.90   

Fiscal year ended September 30, 2007

     

September 25, 2007

   September 28, 2007    $ 0.22   

June 22, 2007

   June 29, 2007    $ 0.14   
           

Total

      $ 0.36 *

 

* $0.00107 per share is a tax return of capital

 

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In January 2010, a Form 1099-DIV will be sent to stockholders which, will state the amount and composition of distributions and provide information with respect to appropriate tax treatment of our distributions.

We maintain an “opt out” dividend reinvestment plan for our common stockholders. As a result, if we declare a dividend or other distribution, then stockholders’ cash distributions will be automatically reinvested in additional shares of our common stock, unless they specifically “opt out” of the dividend reinvestment plan so as to receive cash distributions.

We may not be able to achieve operating results that will allow us to make dividends and distributions at a specific level or to increase the amount of these dividends and distributions from time to time. In addition, we may be limited in our ability to make dividends and distributions due to the asset coverage test for borrowings when applicable to us as a business development company under the 1940 Act and due to provisions in future credit facilities. If we do not distribute a certain percentage of our income annually, we will suffer adverse tax consequences, including possible loss of our RIC status. We cannot assure stockholders that they will receive any dividends and distributions or dividends and distributions at a particular level.

Sale of Unregistered Securities

We did not engage in any sales of unregistered securities during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009.

Stock Performance Graph

This graph compares the return on our common stock with that of the Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index and the Russell 2000 Financial Services Index, for the period from April 24, 2007 (initial public offering) through September 30, 2009. The graph assumes that, on April 24, 2007, a person invested $100 in each of our common stock, the S&P 500 Index, and the Russell 2000 Financial Services Index. The graph measures total stockholder return, which takes into account both changes in stock price and dividends. It assumes that dividends paid are invested in like securities.

LOGO

The graph and other information furnished under this Part II Item 5 of this Form 10-K shall not be deemed to be “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the SEC or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C, or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the 1934 Act. The stock price performance included in the above graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.

 

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The Statement of operations, Per share data and Balance sheet data as of and for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2009, 2008 and as of and for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007 are derived from our financial statements which have been audited by KPMG LLP, our independent registered public accounting firm. This selected financial data should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes thereto and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and included elsewhere in this Report.

 

(Dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

  Year ended
September 30, 2009
    Year ended
September 30, 2008
    For the period
from January 11,
2007 (inception)
through
September 30, 2007
 

Statement of operations data:

     

Total investment income

  $  45,119      $  39,811      $  13,107   

Net expenses before base management fee waiver

  22,400      21,676      6,444   

Net expenses after base management fee waiver(1)

  22,400      21,255      5,803   

Net investment income

  22,719      18,556      7,304   

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss)

  13,083      (59,259 )   (24,004 )

Net increase/(decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

  35,802      (40,703 )   (16,699 )

Per share data:

     

Net asset value (at period end)

  11.85      10.00      12.83   

Net investment income(2)

  1.08      0.88      0.35   

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss)(2)

  0.62      (2.81 )   (1.15 )

Net increase/(decrease) in net assets resulting from operations(2)

  1.70      (1.93 )   (0.80 )

Distributions declared(2),(6)

  (0.96   (0.90 )   (0.36 )

Balance sheet data (at period end):

     

Total assets

  512,381      419,811      555,008   

Total investment portfolio

  469,760      372,148      291,017   

Borrowings outstanding

  175,475 (5)    202,000      10,000   

Payable for investments and unfunded investments

  25,821      —        273,339   

Total net asset value

  300,580      210,728      270,393   

Other data:

     

Total return(3)

  30.39   (38.58 )%   (8.29 )%

Number of portfolio companies (at period end)

  42 (4)    37 (4)   38 (4)

Yield on debt portfolio (at period end)

  11.4 %(4)    11.1 %(4)   10.1 %(4)

 

(1) The base management fee waiver was in effect from Inception through March 31, 2008.
(2) Net investment income and net realized and change in unrealized losses per share data are calculated based on the weighted average shares outstanding for the respective periods.
(3) Total return is based on the change in market price per share and takes into account dividends and distributions, if any, reinvested in accordance with our dividend reinvestment plan.
(4) Unaudited.
(5) At fair value.
(6) Determined based on taxable income calculated in accordance with income tax regulations which may differ from amounted determined under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Report, including the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contains statements that constitute forward-looking statements, which relate to future events or our future performance or financial condition. These forward-looking statements are not historical facts, but rather are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about our industry, our beliefs and our assumptions. The forward-looking statements contained in this Report involve risks and uncertainties, including statements as to:

 

   

our future operating results;

 

   

our business prospects and the prospects of our prospective portfolio companies;

 

   

the dependence of our future success on the general economy and its impact on the industries in which we invest;

 

   

the impact of a protracted decline in the liquidity of credit markets on our business;

 

   

the impact of investments that we expect to make;

 

   

the impact of fluctuations in interest rates on our business;

 

   

our contractual arrangements and relationships with third parties;

 

   

the valuation of our investments in portfolio companies, particularly those having no liquid trading market;

 

   

the ability of our prospective portfolio companies to achieve their objectives;

 

   

our expected financings and investments;

 

   

the adequacy of our cash resources and working capital;

 

   

the timing of cash flows, if any, from the operations of our prospective portfolio companies; and

 

   

the ability of the Investment Adviser to locate suitable investments for us and to monitor and administer our investments.

We use words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “expects,” “intends,” “seeks” and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements. Undue influence should not be placed on the forward looking statements as our actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements for any reason, including the factors in “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Report.

We have based the forward-looking statements included in this report on information available to us on the date of this report, and we assume no obligation to update any such forward-looking statements. Although we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements in this Report, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, you are advised to consult any additional disclosures that we may make directly to you or through reports that we in the future may file with the SEC, including, reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K.

The following analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes thereto contained elsewhere in this Report.

Overview

PennantPark Investment was organized under the Maryland General Corporation Law in January 2007. We are an externally managed, closed-end, non-diversified investment company that has elected to be treated as a business development company under the 1940 Act. As such, we are required to comply with certain regulatory requirements. For instance, we generally have to invest at least 70% of our total assets in “qualifying assets,” including securities of U.S. private companies or thinly traded public companies, public companies with a market capitalization of less than $250 million, cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities, and high-quality debt investments that mature in one year or less.

Our investment activities are managed by PennantPark Investment Advisers. Under our Investment Management Agreement, we have agreed to pay our Investment Adviser an annual base management fee based on our average adjusted gross total assets as well as an incentive fee based on our investment performance. We have also entered into an Administration Agreement with PennantPark Investment Administration. Under our Administration Agreement, we have agreed to reimburse the Administrator for our allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by the Administrator in performing its obligations under our Administration Agreement, including rent and our allocable portion of the costs of compensation and related expenses of our chief compliance officer, chief financial officer and their respective staffs. Our board of directors, a majority of whom are independent of us and PennantPark Investment Advisers supervise our activities.

Our investment objectives are to generate both current income and capital appreciation through debt and equity investments primarily in U.S. middle-market private companies in the form of mezzanine debt, senior secured loans and equity investments. We consider our core assets, by value and investment focus, to consist of subordinate debt, second lien secured debt, certain senior secured investments, and to a lesser extent, equity investments. The companies in which we invest are typically highly leveraged, often as a result of leveraged buy-outs or other recapitalization transactions, and, in most cases, are not rated by national rating agencies. If such companies were rated, we believe that they would typically receive a rating below investment grade (between BB and CCC under the Standard & Poor’s system) from the national rating agencies.

We expect that our investments in mezzanine debt, senior secured loans and other investments will range between $10 million and $50 million each. We expect this investment size to vary proportionately with the size of our capital base.

We are currently operating in a severely constrained credit market. Our investment activity depends on many factors, including the amount of debt and equity capital available to middle-market companies, the level of merger and acquisition activity for such companies, the general economic environment and the competitive environment for the types of investments we make. We have used, and will continue to use, the proceeds of our public offerings of securities and of our credit facility in

 

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accordance with our investment objectives. The turmoil in the credit markets is adversely affecting each of these factors and has resulted in broad-based reduction in the demand for, and valuation of, high-risk debt instruments. These conditions may present us with attractive investment opportunities, as we believe that there are many middle-market companies that need senior secured and mezzanine debt financing. However, these market conditions are also adversely affecting our portfolio valuations and increase the risk of default among our portfolio companies, which could negatively impact our performance.

Revenues

We generate revenue in the form of interest income on the debt securities we hold and capital gains and distributions, if any, on investment securities that we may acquire in portfolio companies. Our debt investments, whether in the form of mezzanine debt or senior secured loans, typically have a term of three to ten years and bear interest at a fixed or floating rate. Interest on debt securities is generally payable quarterly or semiannually. In some cases, some of our investments provide for deferred interest payments or PIK. The principal amount of the debt securities and any accrued but unpaid interest generally becomes due at the maturity date. In addition, we may generate revenue in the form of commitment, origination, structuring or diligence fees, fees for providing managerial assistance and possibly consulting fees. Loan origination fees, original issue discount and market discount or premium are capitalized, and we accrete or amortize such amounts as interest income. We record prepayment premiums on loans and debt securities as interest income. Dividend income, if any, is recognized on an accrual basis on the ex-dividend date to the extent that we expect to collect such amounts.

Expenses

Our primary operating expenses include the payment of management fees to our Investment Adviser, our allocable portion of overhead under our Administration Agreement and other operating costs as detailed below. Our management fee compensates our Investment Adviser for its work in identifying, evaluating, negotiating, consummating and monitoring our investments. Additionally, we pay interest expense on the outstanding debt we accrue under our credit facility. We bear all other costs and expenses of our operations and transactions, including:

 

   

the cost of calculating our net asset value, including the cost of any third-party valuation services;

 

   

the cost of effecting sales and repurchases of shares of our common stock and other securities;

 

   

fees payable to third parties relating to, or associated with, making investments, including fees and expenses associated with performing due diligence and reviews of prospective investments;

 

   

expenses incurred by the Investment Adviser in performing due diligence and reviews of investments;

 

   

transfer agent and custodial fees;

 

   

fees and expenses associated with marketing efforts;

 

   

federal and state registration fees and any stock exchange listing fees;

 

   

federal, state and local taxes;

 

   

independent directors’ fees and expenses;

 

   

brokerage commissions;

 

   

fidelity bond, directors and officers/errors and omissions liability insurance and other insurance premiums;

 

   

direct costs such as printing, mailing, long distance telephone and staff;

 

   

fees and expenses associated with independent audits and outside legal costs;

 

   

costs associated with our reporting and compliance obligations under the 1940 Act and applicable federal and state securities laws; and

 

   

all other expenses incurred by either the Administrator or us in connection with administering our business, including payments under our Administration Agreement that will be based upon our allocable portion of overhead, and other expenses incurred by the Administrator in performing its obligations under our Administration Agreement, including rent and our allocable portion of the costs of compensation and related expenses of our chief compliance officer, chief financial officer and their respective staffs.

PORTFOLIO AND INVESTMENT ACTIVITY

        As of September 30, 2009, our portfolio totaled $469.8 million and consisted of $157.1 million of subordinated debt, $134.4 million of second lien secured debt, $150.6 million of senior secured loans and $27.7 million of preferred and common equity investments. Our core assets totaled $427.1 million and consisted of investments in thirty different companies with an average investment size of $14.2 million per company and a weighted average yield of 12.5% on debt investments. Our non-core senior secured loan portfolio totaled $42.7 million and consisted of thirteen different companies (including one company also in our core portfolio) with an average investment size of $3.3 million, and a weighted average yield of 3.1%. Our debt portfolio consisted of 53% fixed-rate and 47% variable-rate investments. Overall, the portfolio had an unrealized depreciation of $27.5 million. Our overall portfolio consisted of forty-two companies with an average investment size of $11.2 million and a weighted average yield on debt investments of 11.4%, and was invested 33% in subordinated debt, 29% in second lien secured debt, 32% in senior secured loans and 6% in preferred and common equity investments.

As of September 30, 2008, our portfolio totaled $372.1 million and consisted of $166.2 million of subordinated debt, $104.2 million of second lien secured debt, $78.8 million of senior secured loans, and $22.9 million of preferred and common equity investments. Our core assets totaled $305.5 million and consisted of investments in nineteen different companies with an average investment size of $16.1 million per company and a weighted average yield of 12.5% on debt investments. Our non-core senior secured loan portfolio totaled $66.6 million and consisted of nineteen different companies (including one company also in our core portfolio) with an average investment size of $3.5 million, and a weighted average yield of 5.2%. Our debt portfolio consisted of 45% fixed-rate and 55% variable-rate investments. Overall, the portfolio had an unrealized depreciation of $72.0 million. Our overall portfolio consisted of thirty-seven companies with an average investment size of $10.1 million and a weighted average yield on debt investments of 11.1%, and was invested 45% in subordinated debt, 28% in second lien secured debt, 21% in senior secured loans and 6% in preferred and common equity investments.

 

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For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009, we purchased $112.7 million of investments in eleven new and six existing portfolio companies with an overall weighted average yield of 14.5% on debt investments. This compares to purchasing $206.8 million in fourteen new and two existing portfolio companies with an overall average yield of 13.8% on debt investments and compares to purchasing $414.0 million in eight new and five existing portfolio companies with an overall average yield of 13.0% on debt investments for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2008 and for the period April 24, 2007 (initial public offering) to September 30, 2007, respectively.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The discussion of our financial condition and results of operation is based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or “GAAP.” The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Changes in the economic environment, financial markets and any other parameters used in determining such estimates could cause actual results to differ. In addition to the discussion below, we describe our critical accounting policies in the notes to our financial statements.

Valuation of Portfolio Investments

As a business development company, we generally invest in illiquid securities including debt and equity investments of middle-market companies. All of our investments are recorded using broker/dealers quotes or at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors. Our board of directors generally uses market quotations to assess the value of our investments for which market quotations are readily available. We obtain these market values from an independent pricing service or at the bid prices, if available, obtained from at least two broker/dealers or by a principal market maker or a primary market dealer. If the board of directors has a bona fide reason to believe any such market quote does not reflect the fair value of an investment, it may independently value such investments by using the valuation procedure that it uses with respect to assets for which market quotations are not readily available. Debt and equity investments that are not publicly traded or whose market prices are not readily available are valued at fair value as determined in good faith by or under the direction of our board of directors. Such determination of fair values involves subjective judgments and estimates. Investments, of sufficient credit quality, purchased within 60 days of maturity are valued at cost plus accreted discount, or minus amortized premium, which approximates value. With respect to unquoted securities, our board of directors, together with our independent third party valuation firms, values each investment considering, among other measures, discounted cash flow models, comparisons of financial ratios of peer companies that are public and other factors.

When an external event such as a purchase transaction, public offering or subsequent equity sale occurs in connection with one of our portfolio companies, our board uses the pricing indicated by the external event to corroborate and/or assist us in our valuation of our investment in such portfolio company. Because there are not always readily available markets for most of the investments in our portfolio, we value certain of our portfolio investments at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors using a documented valuation policy and a consistently applied valuation process. Due to the inherent uncertainty of determining the fair value of investments that do not have a readily available market value, the fair value of our investments may differ significantly from the values that would have been used had a readily available market value existed for such investments, and the differences could be material.

With respect to investments for which market quotations are not readily available or are readily available but believed not to reflect the fair value of an investment, our board of directors undertakes a multi-step valuation process each quarter, as described below:

 

  1. Our quarterly valuation process begins with each portfolio company or investment being initially valued by the investment professionals of the Investment Adviser responsible for the portfolio investment;

 

  2. Preliminary valuation conclusions are then documented and discussed with the management of our Investment Adviser;

 

  3. Our board of directors also engages independent valuation firms to conduct independent appraisals of our investments for which market quotations are not readily available or are readily available but deemed not reflective of the fair value of an investment. The independent valuation firm reviews management’s preliminary valuations in light of its own independent assessment and also in light of any market quotations obtained from an independent pricing service, broker, dealer or market maker;

 

  4. The audit committee of our board of directors reviews the preliminary valuations of the Investment Adviser and that of the independent valuation firms and responds and supplements the valuation recommendations of the independent valuation firms to reflect any comments; and

 

  5. The board of directors discusses the valuations and determines the fair value of each investment in our portfolio in good faith, based on the input of our Investment Adviser, the independent valuation firms and the audit committee.

In September 2006, Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Statements on Financial Accounts Standards (“SFAS”) 157, Fair Value Measurements, which clarifies the definition of fair value and requires companies to expand their disclosure about the use of fair value to measure assets and liabilities in interim and annual periods subsequent to initial recognition. With adoption of the Accounting Standards Codification in September of 2009, or ASC and as more fully described in Note 2 of the financial statements, references to authoritative accounting literature now refer to the ASC. Adoption of ASC 820 (formerly known as SFAS 157) requires the use of the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC 820 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007 and interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted this statement on October 1, 2008. The adoption of ASC 820 did not affect our financial position or results of operations.

ASC 820 classifies the inputs used to measure these fair values into the following hierarchies:

Level 1: Inputs that are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities, accessible by PennantPark Investment at the measurement date.

Level 2: Inputs that are quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, or that are quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, and inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term, if applicable, of the financial instrument.

 

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Level 3: Inputs that are unobservable for an asset or liability because they are based on PennantPark Investment’s own assumptions about how market participants would price the asset or liability.

A financial instrument’s categorization within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. All of our investments (other than cash and cash equivalents) and long-term credit facility are classified as Level 3.

The inputs into the determination of fair value may require significant management judgment or estimation. Even if observable market data is available, such information may be the result of consensus pricing information or broker quotes which include a disclaimer that the broker would not be held to such a price in an actual transaction. The non-binding nature of consensus pricing and/or quotes accompanied by disclaimer would result in classification as Level 3 information, assuming no additional corroborating evidence.

In February 2007, the FASB issued SFAS 159, The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities—Including an Amendment of FASB 115. This statement permits an entity to choose to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value. ASC 825-10 (formerly known as SFAS 159) applies to all reporting entities and contains financial statement presentation and disclosure requirements for assets and liabilities reported at fair value as a consequence of the election. This statement is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007 and interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted ASC 825-10 on October 1, 2008 and have made an irrevocable election to apply the fair value option to our long-term credit facility liability. The fair value option was elected for our credit facility to align the measurement attributes of both the assets and liabilities while mitigating volatility in earnings from using different measurement attributes. Upon our adoption our net asset value increased by $41.8 million, or $1.99 per share, due to the fair value adjustment related to our credit facility. We have used a nationally recognized independent valuation service to measure the fair value of our credit facility in a manner consistent with the valuation process that our board of directors uses to value our investments. After adoption, subsequent changes in the fair value of our credit facility have been recorded in the statement of operations. We have not elected to apply ASC825-10 to any other financial assets or liabilities. For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009, $7.8 million was recorded as a change in unrealized appreciation on the credit facility in the statement of operations. See Note 5 to the financial statements.

In April 2009, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. 157-4, Determining Fair Value When the Volume and Level of Activity for the Asset or Liability Have Significantly Decreased and Identifying Transactions That Are Not Orderly (“FSP No. 157-4”). ASC 820-10-35-51A (formerly known as FSP No. 157-4) made amendments to ASC 820 to provide additional guidance for estimating fair value in accordance with ASC 820 when the volume and level of activity for the asset or liability have significantly decreased and includes guidance on identifying circumstances that indicate a transaction is not orderly. It emphasizes that even if there has been a significant decrease in the volume and level of activity for the asset or liability and regardless of the valuation technique used, the objective of a fair value measurement remains the same that the fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction (that is, not a forced liquidation or distressed sale) between market participants at the measurement date under current market conditions, the guidance in ASC 820-10-35-51A is effective for periods ending after June 15, 2009. We adopted ASC 820-10-35-51A on June 30, 2009 and it did not have a material impact on our financial statements. See Note 5 to the financial statements.

In August 2009, the FASB released Accounting Standards Update No. 2009-05 (ASU 2009-05) as an update to ASC 820, Measuring Liabilities at Fair Value. ASU 2009-05 provides additional clarity in circumstances where a quoted price in an active market for the identical liability is not available. ASU 2009-05 clarifies that a liability is required to measure fair value by using one or more of the following techniques: (a) The quoted price of the identical liability when traded as an asset; (b) Quoted prices for similar liabilities or similar liabilities when traded as an asset; or (c) Another valuation technique that is consistent with principles of ASC 820. This update clarifies that when estimating fair value of a liability, a reporting entity is not required to include a separate adjustment to an input relating to the existence of a restriction that prevents the transfer of the liability. The update also states that both a quoted price in an active market for a liability at the measurement date and the quoted price for the same liability when traded as an asset in an active market when no adjustments are made to the quoted price are Level 1 fair value measurements. We adopted ASU 2009-05 on September 30, 2009, and it did not have a material impact on our financial statements. See Note 5 to the financial statements.

Our investments are generally structured as debt and equity investments in the form of mezzanine debt, senior secured loans and equity co-investments. The transaction price, excluding transaction costs, is typically the best estimate of fair value at inception. When evidence supports a subsequent change to the carrying value from the original transaction price, adjustments are made to reflect the expected exit values. Ongoing reviews by our Investment Adviser and independent valuation firms are based on an assessment of each underlying investment, incorporating valuations that consider the evaluation of financing and sale transactions with third parties, expected cash flows and market-based information, including comparable transactions, and performance multiples, among other factors. These nonpublic investments are included in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

Revenue Recognition

We record interest income on an accrual basis to the extent that we expect to collect such amounts. For loans and debt investments with contractual PIK interest which represents contractual interest accrued and added to the loan balance that generally becomes due at maturity, we will generally not accrue PIK interest if the portfolio company valuation indicates that such PIK interest is not collectible. We do not accrue as a receivable interest on loans and debt investments if we determine that it is probable that we will not be able to collect such interest. Loan origination fees, original issue discount and market discount or premium are capitalized, and we then amortize such amounts as interest income. We record prepayment premiums on loans and debt investments as interest income. Dividend income, if any, is recognized on an accrual basis on the ex-dividend date to the extent that we expect to collect such amounts.

Net Realized Gains or Losses and Net Change in Unrealized Appreciation or Depreciation

We measure realized gains or losses by the difference between the net proceeds from the repayment or sale and the amortized cost basis of the investment, using the specific identification method, without regard to unrealized appreciation or depreciation previously recognized, but considering unamortized upfront fees and prepayment penalties. Net change in unrealized appreciation or depreciation reflects the change in portfolio investment values during the reporting period, including any reversal of previously recorded unrealized appreciation or depreciation, when gains or losses are realized.

 

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Payment-in-Kind Interest

We have investments in our portfolio which contain a PIK interest provision. PIK interest is added to the principal balance of the investment and is recorded as income. For us to maintain our status as a RIC, substantially all of this income must be paid out to stockholders in the form of dividends, even though we have not collected any cash with respect to PIK securities.

Federal Income Taxes

We operate so as to qualify to maintain our election to be taxed as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code and intend to continue to do so. Accordingly, we are not subject to federal income tax on the portion of our taxable income and gains distributed to stockholders. To qualify as a RIC, we are required to distribute at least 90% of our investment company taxable income as defined by the Code.

Because federal income tax regulations differ from GAAP, distributions in accordance with tax regulations may differ from net investment income and realized gains recognized for financial reporting purposes. Differences may be permanent or temporary. Permanent differences are reclassified among capital accounts in the financial statements to reflect their tax character. Temporary differences arise when certain items of income, expense, gain or loss are recognized at some time in the future.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The overall leveraged finance market has continued to experience pressure which has resulted in depreciation on some of our existing assets and improved risk/reward environment for new investments. We did not experience compromised liquidity during the turmoil in the global credit markets because of our ability to sell our senior secured loans and availability under our credit facility and our ability to access the capital markets to sell common stock.

Set forth below are our results of operations for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2009, 2008 and for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) to September 2007.

Investment Income

Investment income for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009, was $45.1 million, and was primarily attributable to $24.1 million from subordinated debt investments, $12.2 million from second lien secured debt investments, and $6.0 million from senior secured loan investments for the same period. The remaining investment income was primarily attributed to interest income from net accretion of discount and amortization of premium. The increase in investment income from fiscal year 2008 to 2009 was due to the growth in our overall portfolio.

Investment income for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2008, was $39.8 million, and was primarily attributable to $16.2 from senior secured loan investments, $14.7 million from second lien secured debt investments, and $7.2 million from subordinated debt investments for the same period. The remaining investment income was primarily attributed to interest income from short-term investments and to net accretion of discount and amortization of premium. The increase in investment income from fiscal year 2007 to 2008 was due to the growth of our portfolio and the transition of the portfolio from temporary to long-term investments.

Investment income for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007 was $13.1 million and was primarily attributed to senior secured loan investments.

Expenses

Expenses for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009, totaled $22.4 million. Base management fee for the same period totaled $7.7 million, performance-based incentive fee totaled $5.7 million, credit facility related expense totaled $4.6 million and general and administrative expenses totaled $4.4 million. The increases in expenses from fiscal year 2008 to 2009 were primarily due to the growth of our portfolio and offset by the reduced borrowing costs under our credit facility.

Net expenses for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2008, totaled $21.2 million. Net base management fee for the same period totaled $6.7 million, performance-based incentive fee totaled $3.8 million, credit facility related expense totaled $6.3 million and general and administrative expenses totaled $4.4 million. The increases in expenses from fiscal year 2007 to 2008 were due to the growth of our portfolio and the incurrence of additional borrowing costs under our credit facility.

Net expenses for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007 were $5.8 million. Of these totals, $1.8 million was attributable to credit facility related expenses, and $2.1 million to general and administrative expenses (including approximately $0.3 million non-recurring, primarily legal and corporate tax expenses). Net base management fee for both periods totaled $1.9 million. PennantPark Investment Advisers did not receive a management or incentive fee for its service performed on our behalf prior to completion of our initial public offering on April 24, 2007.

Net Investment Income

Net investment income totaled $22.7 million or $1.08 per share and $18.6 million or $0.88 per share, respectively, for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, and $7.3 million or $0.35 per share for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007.

Net Realized Loss

Sales and repayments of long-term investments for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, totaled $28.0 million and $70.1 million, respectively, and net realized losses totaled $39.2 and $11.2 million, respectively. Sales and repayments of long-term investments for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007 totaled $99.6 million and net realized losses totaled approximately $0.1 million.

 

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Net Unrealized Appreciation (Depreciation) on Investments, Cash Equivalents and Credit Facility

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments and cash equivalents totaled $44.5 million, $(48.1) million and $(23.9) million for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2009, 2008 and for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007, respectively. Net unrealized appreciation on the credit facility totaled $7.8 million for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009.

Net Increase/Decrease in Net Assets Resulting From Operations

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations totaled $35.8 million, or $1.70 per share, for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009, primarily due to the overall increases in market values for investments held in our portfolio and the decrease in the fair value of our credit facility, offset by realized losses. Net decrease in net assets resulting from operations totaled $40.7 million, or $1.93 per share, for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2008, primarily due to the overall decline in market values for investments held in our portfolio. Net decrease in net assets resulting from operations totaled $16.7 million, or $0.80 per share for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

On June 25, 2007, PennantPark Investment entered into a senior secured revolving credit agreement, or our credit facility, among us, various lenders and SunTrust Bank, as administrative agent for the lenders. SunTrust Robinson Humphrey Capital Markets acted as the joint lead arranger and JPMorgan Chase (Chase Lincoln First Commercial successor interest of Bear Stearns Corporate Lending Inc.) acted as joint lead arranger and syndication agent. As of September 30, 2009, PennantPark Investment had outstanding borrowings of $225.1 million (including a $7.0 million temporary draw) with a fair value of $175.5 million, with a weighted average interest rate at the time of 1.31% exclusive of the fee on undrawn commitment of 0.20%.

Under the credit facility, the lenders agreed to extend us credit in an initial aggregate principal or face amount not exceeding $300.0 million at any one time outstanding. The credit facility is a five-year revolving facility (with a stated maturity date of June 25, 2012) and is secured by substantially all of our investment portfolio assets. Pricing of borrowings under our credit facility is set at 100 basis points over LIBOR.

The credit facility contains affirmative and restrictive covenants, including: (a) periodic financial reporting requirements, (b) maintenance of a minimum shareholders’ equity of the greater of (i) 40% of the total assets of PennantPark Investment and its subsidiaries as of the last day of any fiscal quarter and (ii) the sum of (A) $120,000,000 plus (B) 25% of the net proceeds from the sale of equity interests in PennantPark Investment and its subsidiaries after the closing date of the credit facility, (c) maintenance of a ratio of total assets (less total liabilities other than indebtedness) to total indebtedness, in each case of PennantPark Investment, of not less than 2.0:1.0, (d) maintenance of minimum liquidity standards, (e) limitations on the incurrence of additional indebtedness, (f) limitations on liens, (g) limitations on fundamental corporate changes, (h) limitations on investments (other than PennantPark Investment’s portfolio investments and certain other ordinary course investments), (i) limitations on payments and distributions (other than distributions to PennantPark Investment’s shareholders as contemplated to maintain RIC status), (j) limitations on transactions with affiliates, (k) limitations on engaging in business not contemplated by PennantPark Investment’s investment objectives, and (l) limitations on the creation or existence of agreements that prohibit liens on properties of PennantPark Investment and its subsidiaries. In addition to the asset coverage ratio described in clause (c) of the preceding sentence, borrowings under our credit facility (and the incurrence of certain other permitted debt) will be subject to compliance with a borrowing base that will apply different advance rates to different types of assets in PennantPark Investment’s portfolio.

PennantPark Investment has and may continue to raise additional equity or debt capital through a registered offering off a shelf registration or may securitize a portion of its investments among other considerations. In addition, debt capital, to the extent it is available under stressed credit market conditions, may be issued at a higher cost and on less favorable terms and conditions. Furthermore, our credit facility availability depends on (i) our asset coverage, which generally requires that the valuation of our total assets less liabilities other than indebtedness be at least equal to 200% of our indebtedness, (ii) our maintenance of a blended percentage of the values of our portfolio companies, and (iii) restrictions on certain payments and issuance of debt. The primary use of existing funds and any funds raised in the future is expected to be for repayment of indebtedness, investments in portfolio companies, cash distributions to our shareholders or for other general corporate purposes.

        PennantPark Investment’s liquidity and capital resources are also generated and available from cash flows from operations, investment sales and repayments, and income earned. On August 25, 2009, our stockholders approved a proposal that authorizes us to sell shares of our common stock below the then current net asset value per share of our common stock in one or more offerings for a 12-month period. On September 29, 2009, we sold shares of our common stock below the then current net asset value per share of common stock. Any decision to sell shares of our common stock below the then current net asset value per share of our common stock in one or more offerings is subject to the determination by our board of directors that such issuance and sale is in our and our stockholders’ best interests. Any sale or other issuance of shares of our common stock at a price below net asset value per share has resulted and will continue to result in an immediate dilution to your interest in our common stock and a reduction of our net asset value per share.

Our operating activities used cash of $42.4 million for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009, and our financing activities provided net cash proceeds of $35.4 million for the same period, primarily from both proceeds on a follow-on public offering and net borrowings on our credit facility.

Our operating activities used cash of $390.7 million for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2008, and our financing activities provided cash proceeds of $173.0 million for the same period, primarily from net borrowings under our credit facility.

Our operating activities used cash of $37.9 million for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007 and our financing activities provided cash proceeds of $295.8 million for the same period, primarily from the issuance of our common stock.

Contractual Obligations

A summary of our significant contractual payment obligations for the repayment of outstanding borrowing under the multi-currency $300.0 million, five-year, revolving credit facility maturing in June 2012 is as follows:

 

     Payments due by period (millions)
     Total     Less than
1 year
   1-3
years
   3-5
years
   More than
5 years

Senior secured revolving credit facility(1)

   $ 225.1 (2)    —      $ 225.1    —      —  

 

(1) As of September 30, 2009, PennantPark Investment had $74.9 million of unused borrowing capacity under our credit facility, subject to maintenance of the applicable total assets to debt ratio of 200%, maintenance of a blended percentage of the values of our portfolio companies, and restrictions on certain payments and issuance of debt.
(2) Including a $7.0 million temporary draw.

 

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We have entered into certain contracts under which we have material future commitments. Under our Investment Management Agreement, which was renewed in February 2009, PennantPark Investment Advisers serves as our investment adviser in accordance with the terms of that Investment Management Agreement. Payments under our Investment Management Agreement in each reporting period is equal to (1) a management fee equal to a percentage of the value of our gross assets and (2) an incentive fee based on our performance. See Note 3 to the financial statements.

Under our Administration Agreement, which was renewed in February 2009, PennantPark Investment Administration furnishes us with office facilities and administrative services necessary to conduct our day-to-day operations. If requested to provide managerial assistance to our portfolio companies, PennantPark Investment Administration will be paid an additional amount based on the services provided, which amount will not in any case exceed the amount we receive from the portfolio companies for such services. Payment under our Administration Agreement is based upon our allocable portion of the Administrator’s overhead in performing its obligations under our Administration Agreement, including rent, technology systems, insurance and our allocable portion of the costs of our chief compliance officer, chief financial officer and their respective staff. See Note 3 to the financial statements.

If any of our contractual obligations discussed above is terminated, our costs under new agreements that we enter into may increase. In addition, we will likely incur significant time and expense in locating alternative parties to provide the services we expect to receive under our Investment Management Agreement and our Administration Agreement. Any new Investment Management Agreement would also be subject to approval by our stockholders.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We currently engage in no off-balance sheet arrangements, including any risk management of commodity pricing or other hedging practices.

Distributions

In order to qualify as a RIC and to not be subject to corporate-level tax on income, we are required, under Subchapter M of the Code, to distribute at least 90% of the sum of our ordinary income and realized net short-term capital gains, if any, to our stockholders on an annual basis. Although not required for us to maintain our RIC tax status, we also must distribute at least 98% of our income (both ordinary income and net capital gains) in order to preclude the imposition of an entity level excise tax.

During the fiscal years ended September 30, 2009, 2008, and for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007, we paid to stockholders distributions of $0.96, $0.90 and $0.36 per share, respectively, for total distributions of $20.2 million, $19.0 million and $7.6 million, respectively. We monitor available net investment income to determine if a tax return of capital may occur for the fiscal year. To the extent our taxable earnings fall below the total amount of our distributions for any given fiscal year, a portion of those distributions may be deemed to be a tax return of capital to our common stockholders. Tax characteristics of all distributions will be reported to stockholders on Form 1099-DIV after the end of the calendar year.

We intend to continue to distribute quarterly dividends to our stockholders. Our quarterly dividends, if any, are determined by our board of directors.

We can offer no assurance that we will achieve results that will permit the payment of any cash distributions and, if we issue senior securities, we will be prohibited from making distributions if doing so causes us to fail to maintain the asset coverage ratios stipulated by the 1940 Act or if distributions are limited by the terms of any of our borrowings.

We maintain an “opt out” dividend reinvestment plan for our common stockholders. As a result, if we declare a dividend, then stockholders’ cash dividends will be automatically reinvested in additional shares of our common stock, unless they specifically “opt out” of the dividend reinvestment plan so as to receive cash dividends.

In January 2009, the Internal Revenue Service issued a revenue procedure that temporarily allows a RIC to distribute its own stock as a dividend for the purpose of fulfilling its distribution requirements. Pursuant to this revenue procedure, a RIC may treat a distribution of its own stock as a dividend if (1) the stock is publicly traded on an established securities market, (2) the distribution is declared with respect to a taxable year ending on or before December 31, 2009 and (3) each shareholder may elect to receive his or her entire distribution in either cash or stock of the RIC subject to a limitation on the aggregate amount of cash to be distributed to all shareholders, which must be at least 10% of the aggregate declared distribution. If too many shareholders elect to receive cash, each shareholder electing to receive cash will receive a pro rata amount of cash (with the balance of the distribution paid in stock). In no event will any shareholder electing to receive cash receive less than 10% of his or her entire distribution in cash.

        We may not be able to achieve operating results that will allow us to make dividends and distributions at a specific level or to increase the amount of these dividends and distributions from time to time. In addition, we may be limited in our ability to make dividends and distributions due to the asset coverage test for borrowings when applicable to us as a business development company under the 1940 Act and due to provisions in future credit facilities. If we do not distribute a certain percentage of our income annually, we will suffer adverse tax consequences, including possible loss of RIC status. We cannot assure stockholders that they will receive any dividends and distributions at a particular level.

Recent Developments

On September 16, 2009, our board of directors approved an issuance of shares of common stock at a price below our current net asset value per share and at a price per share that approximates the market value of our shares traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, less an underwriting discount, at the time of sale. Our board of directors unanimously believed that such issuance was in our best interest and in the best interests of our stockholders.

 

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On September 29, 2009, PennantPark Investment closed its follow-on public offering and sold 4,300,000 shares of common stock at a price of $8.00 per share, resulting in proceeds, net of underwriting fees and expenses, of $32.5 million. On October 13, 2009, the underwriters of our public offering exercised their over-allotment option under the underwriting agreement and elected to purchase an additional 440,000 shares of common stock at a price of $8.00 per share, resulting in proceeds, net of underwriting fees, of $3.3 million.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative And Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

We are subject to financial market risks, including changes in interest rates. During the period covered by this report, many of the loans in our portfolio had floating interest rates. These loans are usually based on a floating LIBOR rate and typically have durations of three months after which they reset to current market interest rates.

Assuming that the balance sheet as of September 30, 2009 was to remain constant and no actions were taken to alter the existing interest rate sensitivity, a hypothetical immediate 1% change in interest rates may affect net income by more than 1% over a one-year horizon. Although management believes that this measure is indicative of our sensitivity to interest rate changes, it does not adjust for potential changes in the credit market, credit quality, size and composition of the assets on the balance sheet and other business developments that could affect net increase in net assets resulting from operations, or net income. Accordingly, no assurances can be given that actual results would not differ materially from the statement above.

Because we borrow money to make investments, our net investment income is dependent upon the difference between the rate at which we borrow funds and the rate at which we invest these funds. In periods of declining interest rates, our cost of funds would decrease, which may reduce our net investment income. As a result, there can be no assurance that a significant change in market interest rates will not have a material adverse effect on our net investment income.

We may hedge against interest rate fluctuations by using standard hedging instruments such as futures, options and forward contracts subject to the requirements of the 1940 Act. While hedging activities may insulate us against adverse changes in interest rates, they may also limit our ability to participate in benefits of lower interest rates with respect to our portfolio of investments with fixed interest rates. During the periods covered by this Report, we did not engage in interest rate hedging activities.

 

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

   40

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   41

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm On Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

   42

Statements of Assets and Liabilities as of September 30, 2009 and 2008

   43

Statements of Operations for the years ended September  30, 2009, 2008 and Consolidated Statement of Operations for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007

   44

Statements of Changes in Net Assets for the years ended September  30, 2009, 2008 and Consolidated Statement of Changes in Net Assets for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007

   45

Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended September  30, 2009, 2008 and Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007

   46

Schedules of Investments as of September 30, 2009 and 2008

   47

Notes to the Financial Statements

   53

 

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Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

The management of PennantPark Investment Corporation, except where the context suggests otherwise, the terms “we,” “us,” “our” and “PennantPark Investment” refer to PennantPark Investment Corporation, is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our internal control system is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance to our management and board of directors regarding the preparation and fair presentation of published financial statements.

PennantPark Investment’s internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect transactions and dispositions of assets; provide reasonable assurances that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and the directors of PennantPark Investment; and provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements.

All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Management assessed the effectiveness of PennantPark Investment’s internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2009. In making this assessment, we used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control—Integrated Framework. Based on the assessment management believes that, as of September 30, 2009, our internal control over financial reporting is effective based on those criteria.

PennantPark Investment’s independent registered public accounting firm that audited the financial statements has issued an audit report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2009. This report appears on page 43.

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Stockholders

PennantPark Investment Corporation:

We have audited the accompanying statements of assets and liabilities of PennantPark Investment Corporation (the “Company”) as of September 30, 2009 and 2008, including the schedules of investments, and the related statements of operations, changes in net assets, and cash flows for the years ended September 30, 2009, 2008 and for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of PennantPark Investment Corporation as of September 30, 2009 and 2008, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years ended September 30, 2009, 2008 and for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), PennantPark Investment Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2009, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework, issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated November 18, 2009 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

/s/ KPMG LLP

New York, New York

November 18, 2009

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

On Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

The Board of Directors and Stockholders

PennantPark Investment Corporation:

We have audited PennantPark Investment Corporation’s (the “Company”) internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2009, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework, issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Management of the Company is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included on page 40 of the Annual Report on Form 10-K, and Item 9A., Controls and Procedures—Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, PennantPark Investment Corporation maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2009, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework, issued by COSO.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the statements of assets and liabilities of PennantPark Investment Corporation as of September 30, 2009 and 2008, including the schedules of investments, and the related statements of operations, changes in net assets, and cash flows for the years ended September 30, 2009, 2008 and for the period from January 11, 2007 (inception) through September 30, 2007, and our report dated November 18, 2009 expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.

/s/ KPMG LLP

New York, New York

November 18, 2009

 

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PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPORATION

STATEMENTS OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES

 

     September 30,
2009
    September 30,
2008
 

Assets

    

Investments at fair value

    

Non-controlled, non-affiliated investments, at fair value (cost—$479,909,805 and $427,481,745, respectively)

   $ 453,644,335      $ 354,261,950   

Non-controlled, affiliated investments, at fair value (cost—$17,378,081 and $16,692,261, respectively)

     16,115,738        17,885,870   
                

Total of Investments, at fair value (cost—$497,287,886 and $444,174,006, respectively)

     469,760,073        372,147,820   

Cash equivalents (See Note 8)

     33,247,666        40,249,201   

Interest receivable

     5,539,056        6,046,199   

Receivables for investments sold

     2,726,007        —     

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     1,108,567        1,367,479   
                

Total assets

     512,381,369        419,810,699   
                

Liabilities

    

Distributions payable

     5,056,505        5,056,505   

Payable for investments purchased

     19,489,525        —     

Unfunded investments

     6,331,385        —     

Credit facility payable (fair value: $175,475,380 and $160,204,000, respectively, and cost: $225,100,000 and $202,000,000, respectively), (See Notes 5 and 11)

     175,475,380        202,000,000   

Interest payable on credit facility

     72,788        725,317   

Management fees payable (See Note 3)

     2,220,110        85,896   

Performance-based incentive fee payable (See Note 3)

     1,508,164        123,033   

Accrued other expenses

     1,647,244        1,091,688   
                

Total liabilities

     211,801,101        209,082,439   
                

Net Assets

    

Common stock, par value $0.001 per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized and 25,368,772 and 21,068,772 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

     25,369        21,069   

Paid-in capital in excess of par

     327,062,304        294,586,604   

Undistributed (distributions in excess of) net investment income

     1,890,235        (602,660

Accumulated net realized loss on investments and cash equivalents

     (50,494,447     (11,250,567 )

Net unrealized depreciation on investments and cash equivalents

     (27,527,813     (72,026,186 )

Cumulative effect of adoption of fair value option on credit facility (See Note 5)

     41,796,000        —     

Net unrealized depreciation on credit facility

     7,828,620        —     
                

Total net assets

   $ 300,580,268      $ 210,728,260   
                

Total liabilities and net assets

   $ 512,381,369      $ 419,810,699   
                

Net asset value per share

   $ 11.85      $ 10.00   
                

SEE NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

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PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPORATION

STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

     Year ended
September 30,
2009
    Year ended
September 30,
2008
    Period from
January 11,
2007
(inception)
through
September 30,
2007
 

Investment income:

      

From non-controlled, non-affiliated investments:

      

Interest

   $ 43,555,240      $ 38,149,813      $ 12,013,028   

Dividends

     —          —          879,537   

Other

     212,304        255,944        4,995   

From non-controlled, affiliated investments:

      

Interest

     1,351,227        1,405,205        209,781   
                        

Total investment income

     45,118,771        39,810,962        13,107,341   
                        

Expenses:

      

Base management fee (See Note 3)

     7,715,615        7,136,580        2,565,085   

Performance-based incentive fee (See Note 3)

     5,683,388        3,791,900        —     

Interest and other credit facility expenses

     4,628,564        6,308,933        1,835,816   

Administrative services expenses (See Note 3)

     2,319,759        2,301,973        778,587   

Other general and administrative expenses

     2,052,530        2,136,303        1,158,750   
                        

Expenses before base management fee waiver

     22,399,856        21,675,689        6,338,238   
                        

Base management fee waiver

     —          (420,731     (641,273

Income tax expense

     —          —          105,880   
                        

Net expenses

     22,399,856        21,254,958        5,802,845   
                        

Net investment income

     22,718,915        18,556,004        7,304,496   
                        

Realized and unrealized gain (loss) on investments, cash equivalents and credit facility:

      

Net realized loss on non-controlled, non-affiliated investments and cash equivalents

     (39,243,879     (11,154,735     (81,769

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on:

      

Non-controlled, non-affiliated investments and cash equivalents

     46,954,325        (49,052,812     (24,166,983

Non-controlled, affiliated investments

     (2,455,952     948,604        245,005   

Credit facility (See Note 5)

     7,828,620        —          —     
                        

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation)

     52,326,993        (48,104,208     (23,921,978
                        

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss) from investments, cash equivalents and credit facility

     13,083,114        (59,258,943     (24,003,747
                        

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

   $ 35,802,029      $ (40,702,939   $ (16,699,251
                        

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations per common share (See Note 6)

   $ 1.70      $ (1.93   $ (0.80

Net investment income per common share

   $ 1.08      $ 0.88      $ 0.35   

SEE NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

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PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPORATION

STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN NET ASSETS

 

    Year ended
September 30,
2009
    Year ended
September 30,
2008
    Period from
January 11,
2007
(inception)
through
September 30,
2007
 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets from operations:

     

Net investment income

  $ 22,718,915      $ 18,556,004      $ 7,304,496   

Net realized loss on investments and cash equivalents

    (39,243,879     (11,154,735     (81,769

Net change in unrealized (appreciation) depreciation on investments and cash equivalents

    44,498,373        (48,104,208     (23,921,978

Net change in unrealized depreciation on credit facility

    7,828,620        —          —     
                       

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

    35,802,029        (40,702,939     (16,699,251
                       

Dividends and distributions to stockholders:

     

Dividends from net investment income

    (20,226,021     (18,961,895     (7,545,458

Return of capital

    —          —          (28,356
                       

Total dividends and distributions

    (20,226,021     (18,961,895     (7,573,814
                       

Capital share transactions:

     

Issuance of shares of common stock

    34,400,000        —          315,375,000   

Offering costs related to public share offerings

    (1,920,000     —          (21,309,375

Reinvestment of dividends

    —          —          600,534   
                       

Net increase in net assets resulting from capital share transactions

    32,480,000        —          294,666,159   
                       

Total increase (decrease) in net assets

    48,056,008        (59,664,834     270,393,094   
                       

Net Assets:

     

Beginning of period

    210,728,260        270,393,094        —     

Cumulative effect of adoption of fair value option (See Note 5)

    41,796,000        —          —     
                       

Adjusted beginning of period balance

    252,524,260        —          —     

End of period

  $ 300,580,268      $ 210,728,260      $ 270,393,094   
                       

Undistributed (distributions in excess of) net investment income, at period end

  $ 1,890,235      $ (602,660   $ (196,769

Capital Share Activity:

     

Shares issued from subscriptions

    4,300,000        —          21,025,000   

Shares issued from reinvestment of dividend

    —          —          43,772   
                       

Total increase in capital shares

    4,300,000        —          21,068,772   
                       

SEE NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

45


Table of Contents

PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPORATION

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

     Year ended
September 30,
2009
    Year ended
September 30,
2008
    Period from
January 11,
2007
(inception)
through
September 30,
2007
 

Cash flows from operating activities:

      

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

   $ 35,802,029      $ (40,702,939   $ (16,699,251

Adjustments to reconcile net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations to net cash used for operating activities:

      

Net change in net unrealized (appreciation) depreciation on investments and cash equivalents

     (44,498,373     48,104,208        23,921,978   

Net change in unrealized (depreciation) on credit facility

     (7,828,620     —          —     

Net realized loss on investments and cash equivalents

     39,243,879        11,154,735        81,769   

Net accretion of discount and amortization of premium

     (2,890,687     (1,285,365     (15,875

Purchase of investments

     (112,693,490     (206,790,979     (413,972,173

Payment-in-kind interest

     (4,729,590     (2,434,562     (668,268

Proceeds from disposition of investments

     27,956,008        70,120,751        99,635,961   

Decrease (increase) in interest receivable

     507,143        (1,528,349     (4,517,850

Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses and other assets

     258,912        146,104        (252,287

Increase in distributions payable to stockholders

     —          5,056,505        —     

(Decrease) increase in payables for cash equivalents purchased

     —          (252,759,931     252,759,931   

Increase (decrease) in payables for investments purchased

     19,489,525        (16,583,921     16,583,921   

Increase (decrease) in unfunded investments

     6,331,385        (3,989,948     3,989,948   

(Decrease) increase in interest payable on credit facility

     (652,529     554,328        170,989   

(Increase) in receivables for investments sold

     (2,726,007     —          —     

Increase in management fee payable

     2,134,214        (288,585 )     374,481  

Increase in performance-based incentive fee payable

     1,385,131        123,033       —     

Increase in accrued other expenses

     555,556        356,376        735,312   
                        

Net cash used for operating activities

     (42,355,514     (390,748,539     (37,871,414

Cash flows from financing activities:

      

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

     34,400,000        —          315,375,000   

Offering costs

     (1,920,000     —          (21,309,375

Capitalized borrowing costs

     —          —          (1,261,296

Dividends and distributions to stockholders

     (20,226,021     (18,961,895     (6,973,280

Borrowings under credit facility (See Note 11 )

     169,600,000        461,040,000        271,913,786   

Repayments under credit facility (See Note 11)

     (146,500,000     (269,040,000     (261,913,786
                        

Net cash provided by financing activities

     35,353,979        173,038,105        295,831,049   
                        

Net (decrease) increase in cash equivalents

     (7,001,535     (217,710,434     257,959,635   

Cash equivalents, beginning of period

     40,249,201        257,959,635        —     
                        

Cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 33,247,666      $ 40,249,201      $ 257,959,635   
                        

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information and non-cash activity:

      

Interest paid

   $ 5,014,055      $ 4,982,247      $ 1,598,055   

Income taxes paid

     —          —          150,000   

Non-cash financing activities consist of the reinvestment of dividends totaling

     —          —          600,534   

Cumulative effect of adoption of fair value option on credit facility

     41,796,000        —          —     

SEE NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

46


Table of Contents

PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPORATION

SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2009

 

Issuer Name

  Maturity  

Industry

  Current
Coupon
    Basis Point
Spread
Above
Index (4)
    Par/ Shares   Cost   Fair Value(3)

Investments in Non-Controlled, Non-Affiliated Portfolio Companies—150.9% (1),(2)

             

Subordinated Debt/Corporate Notes — 50.6%

             

Affinion Group Holdings, Inc.

  03/01/2012   Consumer Products   8.27 %(6)    L+750      $ 23,572,133   $ 22,930,475   $ 21,497,875

Consolidated Foundries, Inc.

  04/17/2015   Aerospace and Defense   14.25 %(6)    —          8,109,468     7,952,769     8,190,563

CT Technologies Intermediate Holdings, Inc.

  03/22/2014   Business Services   14.00 %(6)    —          20,311,603     19,875,880     20,463,940

Digicel Limited (5)

  04/01/2014   Telecommunications   12.00   —          1,000,000     995,610     1,115,000

i2 Holdings Ltd.

  06/06/2014   Aerospace and Defense   14.75 %(6)    —          22,653,857     22,279,800     22,880,395

IDQ Holdings, Inc.

  05/20/2012   Auto Sector   13.75   —          20,000,000     19,632,400     20,060,000

Learning Care Group, Inc.

  12/28/2015   Education   13.50 %(6)    —          10,324,976     10,190,682     10,324,976

Realogy Corp.

  04/15/2015   Buildings and Real Estate   12.38   —          10,000,000     8,921,187     5,525,000

Trizetto Group, Inc.

  10/01/2016   Insurance   13.50 %(6)    —          20,197,856     20,010,210     20,652,308

UP Acquisitions Sub Inc.

  02/08/2015   Oil and Gas   13.50   —          21,000,000     20,472,809     21,420,000
                     

Total Subordinated Debt/Corporate Notes

              153,261,822     152,130,057
                     

Second Lien Secured Debt — 42.1%

             

Brand Energy and Infrastructure Services, Inc.

  02/07/2015   Energy/Utilities   6.36   L+600        13,600,000     13,153,077     12,416,800

Brand Energy and Infrastructure Services, Inc.

  02/07/2015   Energy/Utilities   7.44   L+700        12,000,000     11,735,965     11,364,000

Generics International (U.S.), Inc.

  04/30/2015  

Healthcare, Education and

Childcare

  7.78   L+750        12,000,000     11,949,634     11,376,000

Greatwide Logistics Services, L.L.C.

  03/01/2014   Cargo Transport   11.00 %(6)    L+700 (8)      2,309,343     2,309,344     2,309,344

Questex Media Group, Inc.

  11/04/2014   Other Media   6.91 %(7)    L+650        10,000,000     10,000,000     —  

Realogy Corp.

  10/15/2017   Buildings and Real Estate   13.50   —          10,000,000     10,000,000     10,387,500

Saint Acquisition Corp.(5)

  05/15/2015   Transportation   8.19   L+775        10,000,000     9,941,121     7,100,000

Saint Acquisition Corp.(5)

  05/15/2017   Transportation   12.50   —          19,000,000     16,890,972     14,250,000

Sheridan Holdings, Inc.

  06/15/2015  

Healthcare, Education and

Childcare

  6.00 %(6)    L+575        21,500,000     18,855,728     19,414,500

Specialized Technology Resources, Inc.

  12/15/2014   Chemical, Plastics and Rubber   7.25 %(6)    L+700        22,500,000     22,488,166     22,500,000

TransFirst Holdings, Inc.

  06/15/2015   Financial Services   7.04 %(6)    L+675        16,792,105     16,247,489     15,264,023
                     

Total Second Lien Secured Debt

              143,571,496     126,382,167
                     

Preferred Equity/Partnership Interests(7) — 3.6%

             

CFHC Holdings, Inc., Class A (Consolidated Foundries, Inc.)

  —     Aerospace and Defense   12.00   —          797     797,288     949,648

i2 Holdings Ltd.

  —     Aerospace and Defense   12.00   —          4,137,240     4,137,240     4,793,729

TZ Holdings, L.P., Series A (Trizetto Group, Inc.)

  —     Insurance   —        —          686     685,820     685,820

TZ Holdings, L.P., Series B (Trizetto Group, Inc.)

  —     Insurance   6.50   —          1,312     1,312,006     1,410,604

UP Holdings Inc., Class A-1 (UP Acquisitions Sub Inc.)

  —     Oil and Gas   8.00   —          91,608     2,499,067     3,094,252

VSS-AHC Holdings, LLC (Advanstar Inc.)

  —     Other Media   —        —          319     318,896     —  
                     

Total Preferred Equity/Partnership Interests

              9,750,317     10,934,053
                     

SEE NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

47


Table of Contents

PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPORATION

SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS—(Continued)

SEPTEMBER 30, 2009

 

Issuer Name

  Maturity  

Industry

  Current
Coupon
    Basis Point
Spread
Above
Index (4)
    Par / Shares   Cost   Fair Value(3)

Common Equity/Warrants/Partnership Interests (7) — 4.5%

             

AHC Mezzanine (Advanstar Inc.)

  —     Other Media   —        —        3,000   $ 3,005,163   $ —  

CFHC Holdings, Inc.
(Consolidated Foundries, Inc.)

  —     Aerospace and Defense   —        —        1,627     16,271     215,547

CT Technologies Holdings, LLC

(CT Technologies Intermediate Holdings, Inc.)

  —     Business Services   —        —        5,556     3,200,000     6,696,281

i2 Holdings Ltd.

  —     Aerospace and Defense   —        —        457,322     454,030     1,293,476

Transportation 100 Holdco, L.L.C.

(Greatwide Logistics Services, L.L.C)

  —     Cargo Transport   —        —        106,299     1,779,455     2,391,463

TZ Holdings, L.P. (Trizetto Group, Inc.)

  —     Insurance   —        —        2     6,467     1,337,451

UP Holdings Inc. (UP Acquisitions Sub Inc.)

  —     Oil and Gas   —        —        91,608     916     1,656,350

VSS-AHC Holdings, Inc. (Advanstar Inc.) (Warrant)

  11/06/2018   Other Media   —        —        85     —       —  
                     

Total Common Equity/Warrants/Partnership Interests

          8,462,302     13,590,568
                     

First Lien Secured Debt—50.1%

             

1-800 Contacts, Inc.

  03/04/2015   Distribution   7.70   P+295 (8)   13,929,825     11,941,660     13,720,877

Burlington Coat Factory Warehouse Corp.

  05/28/2013   Retail Store   2.57   L+225      2,837,374     2,835,299     2,578,464

Ceva Group PLC(5)

  10/01/2016   Logistics   11.63   —        7,500,000     7,284,525     7,284,525

Chester Downs and Marina, LLC

  07/31/2016   Hotels, Motels, Inns and Gaming   12.38   L+988 (8)   10,000,000     9,421,220     10,050,000

EnviroSolutions, Inc.

  07/07/2012   Environmental Services   11.00 %(6)    P+775 (8)   14,175,260     13,391,908     12,715,207

Hanley-Wood, L.L.C.

  03/08/2014   Other Media   2.49   L+225      8,842,500     8,842,500     6,225,120

Hughes Network Systems, L.L.C.

  04/15/2014   Telecommunications   2.88   L+250      5,000,000     5,000,000     4,562,500

Jacuzzi Brands Corp.

  02/07/2014   Home and Office Furnishings, Housewares and Durable Consumer Products   2.53   L+225      9,817,568     9,817,568     4,810,608

Levlad, L.L.C.

  03/08/2014   Consumer Products   7.75   L+475      4,434,548     4,434,548     1,064,292

Lyondell Chemical Co.

  12/15/2009   Chemicals, Plastics and Rubber   13.00   L+1,000 (8)    12,668,615     12,965,067     13,169,026

Lyondell Chemical Co. (9)

  12/15/2009   Chemicals, Plastics and Rubber   —        —        6,331,385     6,458,897     6,581,474

Mattress Holding Corp.

  01/18/2014   Home and Office Furnishings, Housewares and Durable Consumer Products   2.55   L+225      3,910,200     3,910,200     3,022,585

Mitchell International, Inc.

  03/28/2014   Business Services   2.31   L+200      1,910,204     1,910,204     1,687,346

National Bedding Co., L.L.C.

  02/28/2013   Home and Office Furnishings, Housewares and Durable Consumer Products   2.26   L+200      6,825,000     6,829,243     6,142,500

Penton Media, Inc.

  02/01/2013   Other Media   2.73   L+225      4,875,000     4,875,000     3,568,500

Philosophy, Inc.

  03/16/2014   Consumer Products   2.25   L+200      1,426,506     1,426,506     1,148,337

Questex Media Group, Inc.

  05/04/2014   Other Media   5.25 %(7)    L+200      4,886,667     4,886,667     2,912,600

Rexair, L.L.C.

  06/30/2010   Retail   4.50   L+425      6,695,795     5,507,847     5,189,241

Rexnord , L.L.C.

  07/19/2013   Manufacturing/Basic Industry   2.50   L+200      2,887,881     2,887,881     2,768,756

Sitel, L.L.C.

  01/30/2014   Business Services   5.95   L+550      2,682,328     2,682,328     2,226,332

Sugarhouse HSP Gaming Prop.

  09/23/2014   Hotels, Motels, Inns and Gaming   11.25   L+825 (8)    20,000,000     19,203,528     19,600,000

U.S. Xpress Enterprises, Inc.

  10/12/2014   Cargo Transportation   4.26   L+400      14,966,254     10,315,732     10,887,950

World Color Press Inc.

  07/21/2012   Printing   9.00   P+500 (8)    3,500,000     3,177,842     3,491,250

Yonkers Racing Corp. (5)

  07/15/2016   Hotels, Motels, Inns and Gaming   11.38   —        5,000,000     4,857,698     5,200,000
                     

Total First Lien Secured Debt

              164,863,868     150,607,490
                     

Investments in Non-Controlled, Non-Affiliated Portfolio Companies

          479,909,805     453,644,335
                     

SEE NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

48


Table of Contents

PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPORATION

SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS—(Continued)

SEPTEMBER 30, 2009

 

Issuer Name

  Maturity  

Industry

  Current
Coupon
    Basis Point
Spread
Above
Index (4)
  Par / Shares   Cost   Fair Value(3)  

Investments in Non-Controlled, Affiliated Portfolio Companies—5.4% (1),(2)

             

Subordinated Debt/Corporate Notes—1.7%

             

Performance Holdings, Inc.

  07/02/2014   Leisure, Amusement, Motion   14.25 %(6)    —     $ 5,077,822   $ 4,878,081   $ 4,988,960   
    Pictures, Entertainment          

Second Lien Secured Debt—2.7%

             

Performance, Inc.

  07/02/2013   Leisure, Amusement, Motion   6.24   L+575     8,750,000     8,750,000     8,019,375   
    Pictures, Entertainment          

Common Equity/Partnership Interest(7)—1.0%

             

NCP-Performance (Performance Holdings, Inc.)

  —     Leisure, Amusement, Motion   —        —       37,500     3,750,000     3,107,403   
    Pictures, Entertainment          

Investments in Non-Controlled, Affiliated Portfolio Companies

          17,378,081     16,115,738   
                       

Total Investments—156.3%

              497,287,886     469,760,073   
                       

Cash Equivalents—11.1%

            33,247,666     33,247,666     33,247,666  
                       

Total Investments and Cash Equivalents—167.4%

        $ 530,535,552   $ 503,007,739   
                       

Liabilities in Excess of Other Assets—(67.4%)

            (202,427,471

Net Assets—100.0%

              $ 300,580,268   
                   

 

(1) As used in this Schedule of Investments and in accordance with the 1940 Act, “non-controlled” means we own less than 25% of a portfolio company’s voting securities.
(2) As used in this Schedule of Investments and in accordance with the 1940 Act, “non-affiliated” means we own less than 5% of a portfolio company’s voting securities and “affiliated” means that we own 5% or more, but less than 25%, of a portfolio company’s voting securities.
(3) Valued based on our accounting policy (see Note 2 to our financial statements).
(4) Represents floating rate instruments that accrue interest at a predetermined spread relative to an index, typically the applicable London Interbank Offer Rate (LIBOR or “L”) or Prime Rate (Prime or “P”).
(5) Security is exempt from registration under Rule 144A promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933. The security may be resold in transactions that are exempt from registration, normally to qualified institutional buyers.
(6) Coupon is payable in cash and/or in-kind (“PIK”).
(7) Non-income producing securities.
(8) Coupon is subject to a LIBOR or Prime rate floor.
(9) Represents the purchase of a security with delayed settlement. This security does not have a basis point spread above an index.

SEE NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

49


Table of Contents

PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPORATION

SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2008

 

Issuer Name   Maturity   Industry   Current
Coupon
   

Basis Point

Spread

Above

Index (4)

  Par   Cost   Value(3)
     

Investments in Non-Controlled, Non-Affiliated Portfolio
Companies—168.1% (1), (2)

           

Subordinated Debt/Corporate Notes—76.8%

             

Advanstar, Inc.

  11/30/2015   Other Media   10.76 %(6)    L+700   $ 16,268,634   $ 16,268,634   $ 12,567,520

Affinion Group Holdings, Inc.

  03/01/2012   Consumer Products   9.37 %(6)    L+625     22,500,000     21,587,384     18,562,500

Consolidated Foundries, Inc.

  04/17/2015   Aerospace and Defense   14.25 %(6)    —       8,000,000     7,831,761     8,000,000

CT Technologies Intermediate Holdings, Inc.

  03/19/2014   Business Services   14.00 %(6)    —       20,000,000     19,502,246     20,000,000

i2 Holdings Ltd.

  06/06/2014   Aerospace and Defense   14.75 %(6)    —       22,041,438     21,649,325     22,041,438

IDQ Holdings, Inc.

  05/20/2012   Auto Sector   13.75   —       20,000,000     19,555,782     20,000,000

Learning Care Group, Inc.

  12/28/2015   Education   13.50 %(6)    —       10,067,361     9,922,722     10,067,361

Realogy Corp.

  04/15/2015   Buildings and Real Estate   12.38   —       28,000,000     26,337,698     9,520,000

Trizetto Group, Inc.

  10/01/2016   Insurance   13.50 %(6)    —       20,000,000     19,811,785     20,000,000

UP Acquisitions Sub Inc.

  02/08/2015   Oil and Gas   13.50   —       21,000,000     20,428,146     21,000,000
                         

Total Subordinated Debt/Corporate Notes

            187,877,433     182,895,483     161,758,819
                         

Second Lien Secured Debt—45.5%

             

Brand Energy and Infrastructure Services, Inc.

  02/07/2015   Energy/Utilities   9.81   L+700     12,000,000     11,682,795     11,160,000

Brand Energy and Infrastructure Services, Inc.

  02/07/2015   Energy/Utilities   8.81   L+600     13,600,000     13,068,290     12,342,000

Generics International (U.S.), Inc.

  04/30/2015  

Healthcare, Education and

Childcare

  11.26   L+750     12,000,000     11,947,073     10,080,000

Questex Media Group, Inc.

  11/04/2014   Other Media   9.31   L+650     10,000,000     10,000,000     8,700,000

Saint Acquisition Corp.(5)

  05/15/2015   Transportation   10.55   L+775     10,000,000     9,951,058     3,100,000

Saint Acquisition Corp.(5)

  05/15/2017   Transportation   12.50   —       19,000,000     16,565,952     6,270,000

Sheridan Holdings, Inc.

  06/15/2015  

Healthcare, Education and

Childcare

  8.54 %(6)    L+575     12,500,000     11,838,114     10,500,000

Specialized Technology Resources, Inc.

  12/15/2014   Chemical, Plastics and Rubber   10.70 %(6)    L+700     22,500,000     22,485,895     19,800,000

TransFirst Holdings, Inc.

  06/15/2015   Financial Services   9.77 %(6)    L+600     16,500,000     15,866,044     13,942,500
                         

Total Second Lien Secured Debt

            128,100,000     123,405,221     95,894,500
                         
                     

Shares

       

Preferred Equity—4.4%

             

CFHC Holdings, Inc., Class A (Consolidated Foundries, Inc.)

  —     Aerospace and Defense   12.00 %(6)    —       842     841,927     841,927

i2 Holdings Ltd.

  —     Aerospace and Defense   12.00 %(6)    —       3,960,000     3,960,000     3,960,000

TZ Holdings, L.P., Series A

(Trizetto Group, Inc.)

  —     Insurance   —  (7)    —       686     685,820     685,820

TZ Holdings, L.P., Series B

(Trizetto Group, Inc.)

  —     Insurance   6.50 %(6)    —       1,312     1,312,006     1,312,006

UP Holdings Inc., Class A-1

(UP Acquisitions Sub Inc.)

  —     Oil and Gas   8.00 %(6)    —       91,608     2,499,066     2,499,066
                         

Total Preferred Equity

            4,054,448     9,298,819     9,298,819
                         

SEE NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

50


Table of Contents

PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPORATION

SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS—(Continued)

SEPTEMBER 30, 2008

 

Issuer Name   Maturity   Industry   Current
Coupon
   

Basis Point

Spread

Above

Index (4)

  Shares   Cost   Value(3)
     

Common Equity/Partnership Interest (7)—4.0%

           

AHC Mezzanine (Advanstar Inc.)

  —     Other Media   —        —       3,000   $ 3,000,000   $ 998,883

CFHC Holdings, Inc., (Consolidated Foundries, Inc.)

  —     Aerospace and Defense   —        —       1,627     16,271     149,557

CT Technologies Holdings, LLC (CT Technologies Intermediate Holdings, Inc.)

  —     Business Services   —        —       5,556     3,200,000     3,200,000

i2 Holdings Ltd.

  —     Aerospace and Defense   —        —       440,000     440,000     1,545,062

TZ Holdings, L.P. (Trizetto Group, Inc.)

  —     Insurance   —        —       2     2,173     2,173

UP Holdings Inc. (UP Acquisitions Sub Inc.)

  —     Oil and Gas   —        —       91,608     916     2,569,208
                         

Total Common Equity/Partnership Interest

            541,793     6,659,360     8,464,883
                         
                     

Par

       

First Lien Secured Debt—37.4%

             

Burlington Coat Factory Warehouse Corp.

  05/28/2013   Retail Store   5.06   L+225   $ 7,896,473     7,889,120     5,401,187

Cohr Holdings, Inc.

  01/31/2013   Healthcare, Education and Childcare   5.35   L+250     2,955,000     2,955,000     1,484,888

EnviroSolutions, Inc.

  08/07/2012   Environmental Services   12.04 %(6)    L+825     14,014,177     12,965,204     12,192,334

EnviroSolutions, Inc.

  08/07/2012   Environmental Services   12.25   P+725     2,293     2,121     1,995

Gatehouse Media Operating, Inc.

  08/28/2014   Media   4.81   L+200     7,000,000     7,000,000     3,336,690

General Nutrition Centers, Inc.

  09/16/2013   Retail Store   5.57   L+225     3,410,095     3,411,892     2,821,854

Greatwide Logistics Services, Inc.

  12/19/2013   Cargo Transport   —  (7)    —       6,912,500     6,912,500     5,149,813

Hanley-Wood, L.L.C.

  03/08/2014   Other Media   4.83   L+225     8,932,500     8,932,500     6,327,185

Hughes Network Systems, L.L.C.

  04/15/2014   Telecommunications   5.31   L+250     5,000,000     5,000,000     4,275,000

Jacuzzi Brands Corp.

  02/07/2014   Home and Office Furnishings, Housewares and Durable Consumer Products   5.35   L+225     9,890,541     9,890,541     6,156,861

Levlad, L.L.C.

  03/08/2014   Consumer Products   5.46   L+225     4,564,563     4,564,563     2,639,837

Longview Power, L.L.C.

  02/28/2014   Utilities   5.54   L+225     3,000,000     3,000,000     2,630,001

Mattress Holding Corp.

  01/18/2014   Home and Office Furnishings, Housewares and Durable Consumer Products   5.96   L+225     3,950,100     3,950,100     2,567,565

Mitchell International, Inc.

  03/28/2014   Business Services   5.81   L+200     3,940,000     3,940,000     3,723,300

National Bedding Co., L.L.C.

  02/28/2013   Home and Office Furnishings, Housewares and Durable Consumer Products   4.62   L+200     6,895,000     6,900,583     5,274,675

Penton Media, Inc.

  02/01/2013   Other Media   5.07   L+225     4,925,000     4,925,000     3,558,313

Philosophy, Inc.

  03/16/2014   Consumer Products   5.71   L+200     1,474,667     1,474,667     1,194,480

Questex Media Group, Inc.

  05/04/2014   Other Media   5.81   L+300     4,924,167     4,924,167     4,825,683

Reader’s Digest Association, Inc.

  03/02/2014   Printing and Publishing   4.71   L+200     985,000     985,000     699,350

Rexnord , L.L.C.

  07/19/2013   Manufacturing/Basic Industry   5.76   L+200     2,917,576     2,917,576     2,625,819

Sitel, L.L.C.

  01/30/2014   Business Services   5.30   L+250     2,592,017     2,592,017     1,892,172

Sitel, L.L.C.

  01/30/2014   Business Services   6.50   P+150     90,311     90,311     65,927
                         

Total First Lien Secured Debt

            106,271,980     105,222,862     78,844,929
                         

Investments in Non-Controlled, Non-Affiliated Portfolio
Companies

            427,481,745     354,261,950
                     

SEE NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

51


Table of Contents

PENNANTPARK INVESTMENT CORPORATION

SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS—(Continued)

SEPTEMBER 30, 2008

 

<
Issuer Name    Maturity    Industry    Current
Coupon
   

Basis Point

Spread

Above

Index (4)

   Par    Cost    Value(3)  
        

Investments in Non-Controlled, Affiliated

Portfolio Companies—8.5% (1),(2)

                

Subordinated Debt/Corporate Notes—2.1%

                   

Performance Holdings, Inc.

   07/02/2014    Leisure, Amusement, Motion Pictures, Entertainment    14.25 %(6)    —      $ 4,414,356    $ 4,192,261    $ 4,414,356   
                                 

Second Lien Secured Debt—4.0%

                   

Performance, Inc.

   07/02/2013   

Leisure,

Amusement

Motion Pictures, Entertainment

   8.55   L+575      8,750,000      8,750,000      8,347,500   
                                 
                         

Shares

           

Common Equity/Partnership Interest(7)—2.4%

                

NCP-Performance (Performance Holdings, Inc.)

   —      Leisure, Amusement, Motion Pictures, Entertainment    —        —        37,500      3,750,000      5,124,014   
                                 

Investments in Non-Controlled, Affiliated Portfolio Companies

                   16,692,261      17,885,870   
                             

Total Investments—176.6%

                 $ 444,174,006    $ 372,147,820   
                             
                         

Par