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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549   

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 


 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission file number: 001-34246

 

LITHIUM & BORON TECHNOLOGY, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada

98-0514768

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation

or organization)

(IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

60 East Ren-Min Road
Dachaidan

(Da Qaidam Administrative Committee)
XaiXi, Qinghai Province 817000

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

 +86 (24) 2519-7699

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

  Title of each class

 

Trading Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.001

 

HEAT

 

Grey

 

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the last 90 days.     YES ☒  NO ☐ 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).       YES  ☐     NO  ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer, “accelerated filer,” “non-accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐

Accelerated filer ☐

Non-accelerated filer ☐

(do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company ☒

Emerging Growth Company ☐

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.         ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES  ☐   NO  ☒

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS

 

As of November 13, 2020 there were 185,986,370 shares of common stock outstanding.  

 

 

 

 

Lithium & Boron Technology, Inc.

Table of Contents

 

 

 

Page

Note about Forward-Looking Statements

 

 

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

5

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

24

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

33

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

33

 

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

34

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

34

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

34

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

34

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

34

Item 5.

Other Information

34

Item 6.

Exhibits

34

 

 

 

 

Exhibit Index

34

 

 

 

 

Signatures

35

  

 

 

 

NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND OTHER INFORMATION

 

This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, which include, but are not limited to, statements concerning our projected revenues, expenses, gross profit and income, mix of revenue, demand for our products, the benefits and potential applications for our products, the need for additional capital, our ability to obtain and successfully perform additional new contract awards and the related funding and profitability of such awards, the competitive nature of our business and markets and product qualification requirements of our customers. These forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations, estimates and projections about our industry, management’s beliefs and certain assumptions made by us. Words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “potential,” “believes,” “seeks,” “hopes,” “estimates,” “should,” “may,” “will,” “with a view to” and variations of these words or similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, our actual results could differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. Such factors include, but are not limited to the following:

 

 

our goals and strategies;

 

 

our expansion plans;

 

 

our future business development, financial conditions and results of operations;

 

 

our expectations regarding demand for our products;

 

 

our expectations regarding keeping and strengthening our relationships with key customers;

 

 

our ability to stay abreast of market trends and technological advances;

 

 

our ability to protect our intellectual property rights effectively and not infringe on the intellectual property rights of others;

 

 

our ability to attract and retain quality employees;

 

 

our ability to pursue strategic acquisitions and alliances;

 

 

competition in our industry in China;

 

 

general economic and business conditions in the regions in which we sell our products;

 

 

relevant government policies and regulations relating to our industry; and

 

 

market acceptance of our products.

 

Additionally, this report contains statistical data that we obtained from various publicly available government publications and industry-specific third party reports. Statistical data in these publications also include projections based on a number of assumptions. The changing nature of our customers’ industries results in uncertainties in any projections or estimates relating to the growth prospects or future condition of our markets. Furthermore, if any one or more of the assumptions underlying the market data is later found to be incorrect, actual results may differ from the projections based on these assumptions.

 

Unless otherwise indicated, information in this report concerning economic conditions and our industry is based on information from independent industry analysts and publications, as well as our estimates. Except where otherwise noted, our estimates are derived from publicly available information released by third party sources, as well as data from our internal research, and are based on such data and our knowledge of our industry, which we believe to be reasonable. None of the market data from independent industry publications cited in this report was prepared on our or our affiliates’ behalf.

 

 

Additional information on the various risks and uncertainties potentially affecting our operating results are discussed in this report and other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, or available upon written request to our corporate secretary at: 60 East Ren-Min Road, Da-Chai Dan Town, Xai Xi County, Qing Hai Province 8100000. We undertake no obligation to revise or update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason, except as required by law. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.

 

As used in this report, “LBTI,” “Company,” “we,” “our” and similar terms refer to Lithium & Boron Technology, Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.

 

Our functional currency is the US Dollar, or USD, while the functional currency of our subsidiaries in China are denominated in Chinese Yuan Renminbi, or RMB, the national currency of the People’s Republic of China, which we refer to as the PRC or China, and the functional currency of our subsidiary in Germany is denominated in Euros, or EUR. The functional currencies of our foreign operations are translated into USD for balance sheet accounts using the current exchange rates in effect as of the balance sheet date and for revenue and expense accounts using the average exchange rate during the fiscal year. See Note 2 of the consolidated financial statements included herein.

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

LITHIUM & BORON TECHNOLOGY, INC

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   

SEPTEMBER 30, 2020

(UNAUDITED)

   

DECEMBER 31, 2019

 

 

ASSETS

               
                 

CURRENT ASSETS

               

Cash and equivalents

  $ 1,173,571     $ 160,024  

Accounts receivable

    137,808       577,387  

Notes receivable

    366,258       79,478  

Other receivables

    19,857       354  

Prepaid expense

    3,133       -  

Advances to suppliers, net

    92,938       7,490  

Due from related parties

    1,807,187       554,527  

Inventories

    720,196       1,802,647  
                 

Total current assets

    4,320,948       3,181,907  
                 

NONCURRENT ASSETS

               

Long-term prepaid expense

    16,006       -  
Due from related party     1,352,763       -  

Property and equipment, net

    1,504,706       1,403,681  

Construction in progress

    33,264       1,635,912  
                 

Total noncurrent assets

    2,906,739       3,039,593  
                 

TOTAL ASSETS

  $ 7,227,687     $ 6,221,500  
                 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

               
                 

CURRENT LIABILITIES

               

Accounts payable

  $ 300,971     $ 332,706  

Unearned revenue

    54,026       117,188  

Accrued liabilities and other payables

    1,479,909       1,095,698  

Taxes payable

    352,888       295,255  

Due to related party

    1,029,355       678,533  
                 

Total current liabilities

    3,217,149       2,519,380  
                 

DEFERRED INCOME

    1,248,880       1,360,626  
                 

TOTAL LIABILITIES

    4,466,029       3,880,006  
                 

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

               
                 

STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

               

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 500,000,000 shares authorized, 185,968,370 shares issued and outstanding

    185,968       185,968  

Paid-in capital deficiency

    (6,666,351 )     (6,666,351 )

Statutory reserve

    146,650       71,252  

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

    31,071       (14,600 )

Retained earnings

    8,338,898       8,765,225  
                 

TOTAL COMPANY STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

    2,036,236       2,341,494  
                 

Noncontrolling interest

    725,422       -  
                 

TOTAL EQUITY

    2,761,658       2,341,494  
                 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

  $ 7,227,687     $ 6,221,500  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

LITHIUM & BORON TECHNOLOGY, INC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

   

NINE MONTHS ENDED

SEPTEMBER 30,

   

THREE MONTHS ENDED

SEPTEMBER 30,

 
   

2020

   

2019

   

2020

   

2019

 
                                 

Sales

  $ 5,458,052     $ 4,979,227     $ 2,229,722     $ 1,866,027  

Sales - related party

    202,130       112,855       100,570       17,300  
                                 

Total sales

    5,660,182       5,092,082       2,330,292       1,883,327  

Cost of sales

    5,031,305       4,233,772       2,126,770       1,533,599  
                                 

Gross profit

    628,877       858,310       203,522       349,728  
                                 

Operating expenses

                               

Selling

    125,407       279,755       39,858       85,568  

General and administrative

    922,681       550,506       308,686       159,339  
                                 

Total operating expenses

    1,048,088       830,261       348,544       244,907  
                                 

Income (loss) from operations

    (419,211 )     28,049       (145,022 )     104,821  
                                 

Non-operating income

                               

Financial expense

    (3,365 )     (3,893 )     (2,974 )     (2,800 )

Other income

    39,651       -       26,246       -  

Interest income

    1,833       -       999       -  

Subsidy income

    143,726       365,327       48,091       271,680  
                                 

Total non-operating income, net

    181,845       361,434       72,362       268,880  
                                 

Income (loss) before income tax

    (237,366 )     389,483       (72,660 )     373,701  
                                 

Income tax expense

    47,117       106,127       21,184       73,605  
                                 

Income (loss) from continuing operations

    (284,483 )     283,356       (93,844 )     300,096  
                                 

Gain on disposal of discontinued entities, net of tax

    -       5,666,187       -       5,666,187  
                                 

Loss from operations of discontinued entities, net of tax

    -       (215,835 )     -       (93,299 )
                                 

Income (loss) before noncontrolling interest

    (284,483 )     5,733,708       (93,844 )     5,872,984  
                                 

Less: loss attributable to noncontrolling interest from continuing operations

    (8,554 )     -       (5,809 )     -  
                                 

Net income (loss) to the Company

    (275,929 )     5,733,708       (88,035 )     5,872,984  
                                 

Other comprehensive item

                               

Foreign currency translation gain attributable to discontinued operations

    -       118,877       -       112,142  

Foreign currency translation gain (loss) attributable to the Company

    45,671       (176,065 )     162,633       (166,446 )

Foreign currency translation gain attributable to noncontrolling interest

    29,234       -       27,692       -  
                                 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to the Company

  $ (230,258 )   $ 5,676,520     $ 74,598     $ 5,818,680  
                                 

Comprehensive gain attributable to noncontrolling interest

  $ 20,680     $ -     $ 21,883     $ -  
                                 

Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding

    185,968,370       185,968,370       185,968,370       185,968,370  
                                 

Basic and diluted income (loss) per share from continuing operations

  $ (0.00 )   $ 0.00     $ (0.00 )   $ 0.00  
                                 

Basic and diluted income per share from discontinued operations

  $ -     $ 0.03     $ -     $ 0.03  
                                 

Basic and diluted net income (loss) per share

  $ (0.00 )   $ 0.03     $ (0.00 )   $ 0.03  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

LITHIUM & BORON TECHNOLOGY, INC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

   

NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30,

 
   

2020

   

2019

 
                 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

               

Income (loss) including noncontrolling interest

  $ (284,483 )   $ 5,733,708  

Adjustments to reconcile income (loss) including noncontrolling

interest to net cash provided by operating activities:

               

Depreciation and amortization

    236,026       235,286  

Provision for bad debts

    -       30,113  

Gain on sale of subsidiaries

    -       (5,666,187 )

Changes in deferred income

    (141,167 )     (73,532 )

(Increase) decrease in assets and liabilities:

               

Accounts receivable

    164,434       52,587  

Other receivables

    (18,997 )     10,255  

Advances to suppliers

    (83,051 )     54,710  

Inventories

    1,097,154       (216,528 )

Prepaid expense

    (18,642 )     -  

Accounts payable

    (38,817 )     166,955  

Unearned revenue

    (64,304 )     66,269  

Accrued liabilities and other payables

    248,051       (209,794 )

Taxes payable

    49,122       85,478  
                 

Net cash provided by operating activities

    1,145,326       269,320  
                 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

               

Purchase of property and equipment

    (301,080 )     -  

Construction in progress

    (32,400 )     -  

Cash disposed in disposal of subsidiaries

    -       (149,928 )
                 

Net cash used in investing activities

    (333,480 )     (149,928 )
                 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

               

Capital contribution from noncontrolling interest

    715,130       -  

Changes in due from related parties

    (892,286 )     1,348,508  

Changes in due to related parties

    348,724       (1,285,575 )
                 

Net cash provided by financing activities

    171,568       62,933  
                 

EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGE ON CASH AND EQUIVALENTS

    30,133       (15,972 )
                 

NET INCREASE IN CASH AND EQUIVALENTS

    1,013,547       166,353  
                 

CASH AND EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF PERIOD

    160,024       163,145  
                 

CASH AND EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD

  $ 1,173,571     $ 329,498  
                 

Supplemental cash flow data:

               

Income tax paid

  $ -     $ -  

Interest paid

  $ -     $ -  
                 

Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities:

               

Sale of the construction in progress to a related party company

  $ 1,632,277     $ -  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

LITHIUM & BORON TECHNOLOGY, INC

STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN CONSOLIDATED STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)

NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2020 AND 2019

(UNAUDITED)

 

   

Common Stock

    Paid-in capital     Statutory     Accumulated other     Retained             Noncontrolling  
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

(deficiency)

   

reserves

   

comprehensive loss

   

earnings

   

Total

   

interest

 

Balance at January 1, 2020

    185,968,370     $ 185,968     $ (6,666,351 )   $ 71,252     $ (14,600 )   $ 8,765,225     $ 2,341,494     $ -  
                                                                 

Net loss

    -       -       -       -       -       (230,628 )     (230,628 )     -  
                                                                 

Dividend accrued

    -       -       -       -       -       (25,000 )     (25,000 )     -  
                                                                 

Foreign currency translation loss

    -       -       -       -       (59,196 )     -       (59,196 )     -  
                                                                 

Balance at March 31, 2020

    185,968,370       185,968       (6,666,351 )     71,252       (73,796 )     8,509,597       2,026,670       -  
                                                                 

Net loss

    -       -       -       -       -       42,734       42,734       (2,745 )
                                                                 

Capital contribution

    -       -       -       -       -       -       -       704,742  
                                                                 

Dividend accrued

    -       -       -       -       -       (25,000 )     (25,000 )     -  
                                                                 

Statutory reserve

    -       -       -       64,424       -       (64,424 )     -       -  
                                                                 

Foreign currency translation loss

    -       -       -       -       (57,766 )     -       (57,766 )     1,542  
                                                                 

Balance at June 30, 2020

    185,968,370       185,968       (6,666,351 )     135,676       (131,562 )     8,462,907       1,986,638       703,539  
                                                                 

Net loss

    -       -       -       -       -       (88,035 )     (88,035 )     (5,809 )
                                                                 

Dividend accrued

    -       -       -       -       -       (25,000 )     (25,000 )     -  
                                                                 

Statutory reserve

    -       -       -       10,974       -       (10,974 )     -       -  
                                                                 

Foreign currency translation gain

    -       -       -       -       162,633       -       162,633       27,692  
                                                                 

Balance at September 30, 2020

    185,968,370     $ 185,968     $ (6,666,351 )   $ 146,650     $ 31,071     $ 8,338,898     $ 2,036,236     $ 725,422  

 

   

Common Stock

     Paid-in capital     Statutory     Accumulated other     Retained           
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

(deficiency)

   

reserves

   

comprehensive loss

   

earnings

   

Total

 

Balance at January 1, 2019

    185,968,370     $ 185,968     $ (7,645,727 )   $ 780,682     $ (11,951 )   $ 1,828,717     $ (4,862,311 )
                                                         

Net loss

    -       -       -       -       -       (95,686 )     (95,686 )
                                                         

Dividend accrued

    -       -       -       -       -       (25,000 )     (25,000 )
                                                         

Foreign currency translation loss

    -       -       -       -       (44,874 )     -       (44,874 )
                                                         

Balance at March 31, 2019

    185,968,370       185,968       (7,645,727 )     780,682       (56,825 )     1,708,031       (5,027,871 )
                                                         

Net loss

    -       -       -       -       -       (43,590 )     (43,590 )
                                                         

Dividend accrued

    -       -       -       -       -       (25,000 )     (25,000 )
                                                         

Foreign currency translation gain

    -       -       -       -       41,990       -       41,990  
                                                         

Balance at June 30, 2019

    185,968,370       185,968       (7,645,727 )     780,682       (14,835 )     1,639,441       (5,054,471 )
                                                         

Net loss

    -       -       -       -       -       5,872,984       5,872,984  
                                                         

Disposal of subsidiaries

    -       -       979,376       (780,682 )     -       -       198,694  
                                                         

Dividend accrued

    -       -       -       -       -       (25,000 )     (25,000 )
                                                         

Foreign currency translation loss

    -       -       -       -       (54,304 )     -       (54,304 )
                                                         

Balance at September 30, 2019

    185,968,370     $ 185,968     $ (6,666,351 )   $ -     $ (69,139 )   $ 7,487,425     $ 937,903  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

LITHIUM & BORON TECHNOLOGY, INC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2020 (UNAUDITED) AND DECEMBER 31, 2019

 

1. ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

 

Lithium & Boron Technology, Inc., (the “Company” or “Lithium Tech”), formerly known as SmartHeat, Inc. (“SmartHeat”), was incorporated August 4, 2006, in the State of Nevada. The Company currently produces boric acid in the People Republic of China (“PRC”) and plans to expand its manufacturing facilities through a joint venture to produce up to 30,000 tonnes of lithium carbonate for the electric vehicle battery market in China, subject to funding.

 

The Company formerly sold plate heat exchangers and heat pumps and sold these operations on September 30, 2019 recording them as discontinued operations.

 

On December 31, 2018 (the “Closing Date”), the Company entered into and closed a Share Exchange Agreement and Plan of Reorganization, as amended on January 24, 2019 (the “Share Exchange Agreement”) with Mid-Heaven Sincerity International Resources Investment Co., Ltd (Mid-heaven BVI) and its shareholders Mao Zhang, Jian Zhang, and Ying Zhao, constituting all the shareholders of Mid-heaven BVI (the “Mid-heaven Shareholders”). Pursuant to the terms of the Share Exchange Agreement, the shareholders of Mid-Heaven BVI delivered all of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of Mid-Heaven BVI to the Company, for 106,001,971 shares of the Company’s Common Stock. Mid-heaven BVI, through two subsidiaries, Qinghai Mid-Heaven Sincerity Technology Co., Ltd (“Sincerity”) and Qinghai Mid-Heaven Sincerity Salt-Lake R&D Co., Ltd (“Salt-Lake”) owns 100% of Qing Hai Mid-Heaven Boron & Lithium Technology Company, Ltd. (“Qinghai Technology”).

 

The Acquisition was structured as a tax-free reorganization. As a result of the Share Exchange Agreement, Mid-heaven BVI’s shareholders own approximately 57% of the combined company.  For accounting purposes, the transaction was accounted for as a reverse acquisition of the Company by Mid-heaven BVI.

 

The main operating entity, Qinghai Technology was incorporated December 18, 2018. The business of Qinghai Technology was carved out of the business of Qinghai Zhongtian Boron & Lithium Mining Co., Ltd (“Qinghai Mining”) on December 20, 2018. Qinghai Mining was founded March 6, 2001 and engaged in manufacture and wholesale of boric acid and related compounds for industrial and consumer usage. Qinghai Technology obtains its raw material minerals exclusively from Qinghai Mining and currently processes boric acid by crushing and processing ore. 

 

On September 30, 2019, Heat HP, Inc. and Heat PHE, Inc, wholly owned subsidiaries of the Company, sold all of their respective equity interests in Jinhui, SmartHeat Investment, SmartHeat Trading, SmartHeat Pump and Heat Exchange for $353. The equity interests were sold to individuals and businesses in the PRC. Each subsidiary was sold for nominal cash consideration as below and, as the transactions were structured as purchases of equity interests, the subsidiary companies retained all liabilities when purchased. Heat HP, Inc. and Heat PHE, Inc. did not have any operations and mainly serve the purpose as holding companies.

 

SmartHeat Jinhui (Beijing) Energy Technology Ltd - 100 RMB ($15)

SmartHeat (China) Investment Ltd - 400 RMB ($56)

SmartHeat (Shanghai) Trading Co., Ltd - 400 RMB ($56)

SmartHeat (Shenyang) Heat Pump Technology Co., Ltd - 400 RMB ($56)

SanDeKe Co., Ltd - 600 RMB ($85)

SmartHeat Heat Exchange Equipment Co - 600 RMB ($85)

 

On October 23, 2019, the Company filed a certificate of amendment to its certificate of incorporation to change its name from “SmartHeat, Inc.” to “Lithium & Boron Technology, Inc.” to better reflect the operations of the Company. The name change became effective October 23, 2019.

  

 

In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus (COVID-19) was reported in Wuhan, China. The World Health Organization declared the outbreak to constitute a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern.” This contagious disease outbreak, which continues to spread to additional countries, and disrupts supply chains and affecting production and sales across a range of industries as a result of quarantines, facility closures, and travel and logistics restrictions in connection with the outbreak. The COVID-19 outbreak impacted the Company’s operations for the first quarter of 2020.  The Company had less production in the first quarter of 2020; the Company’s factory was reopened one month later than originally planned, and it did not resume production one week after the factory reopened due to the shortage of master liquid pool resulting from the longer period of shutdown of the machine.  The cost of coal increased during the first quarter of 2020 due to the overall lockdown in China. The Company’s sales also decreased for the first quarter of 2020 due to logistics restrictions put into place to curb travel. To facilitate sales, the Company reduced its selling price by RMB 50 ($7) per tonne to certain customers.  The availability of transportation vehicles increased to meet the market’s needs since April 2020.  In addition, the Company was able to procure sulfuric acid, a major raw material, from a local supplier at lower prices than usual due to excess supplies on the market.  The Company’s production and sales has been increasing since April 2020. Since April 2020, there were some new COVID-19 cases discovered in a few provinces of China as of today, however, the number of new cases are not significant due to PRC government’s strict control, and the Company does not believe the new cases would have a significant impact on the Company’s operations.

 

On March 27, 2020, Qinghai Technology entered into an Investment Cooperation Agreement, Memorandum of Cooperation and Licensing Agreement with Xi'an Jinzang Membrane Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd. (Xi’an Jinzang) to produce up to 30,000 tonnes of battery grade lithium carbonate annually, subject to funding. On April 15, 2020, the parties formed a joint venture (“JV”) company Qinghai Zhonglixinmo Technology Co., Ltd (Qinghai Zhongli or JV) to process brine supplied by Qinghai Technology. Qinghai Technology owns 51% of the JV and Xi’ Jinzang owns the remaining 49%. The JV cooperation agreement calls for a capital contribution of RMB 140 million ($19,746,000), which shall be paid in three phases according to the project construction progress: RMB 36 million ($5,077,000) to be paid within 10 days from the date of registration and establishment of the JV, RMB 72 million ($10,155,000) to be paid before July 31, 2020, and RMB 32 million ($4,513,000) to be paid before October 31,2020. All shareholders are required to pay the capital in accordance with their respective shareholding ratio. Each party made an initial capital contribution of RMB 5 million ($0.71 million) in April 2020. As of the date of this report, the parties have not made all capital contributions on the dates due, pending financing, as the capital contribution amount and timing of making the capital contribution can be adjusted anytime upon both parties’ mutual consent. The Company promised and guaranteed that, during the existence of the project company, it will provide the JV with lithium bearing brine resources for free. During the construction and operation of the project, all parties agree to actively raise construction funds by means of bank loans, self-owned funds, etc. if the funds are not raised in time, the term of paid in capital can be extended accordingly upon consensus of all parties.

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Going Concern

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements were prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates continuity of operations, realization of assets, and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business.

 

As reflected in the accompanying consolidated financial statements, the Company had net loss of $275,929 and $88,035 for the nine and three months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, which raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

In addition to current boric acid production business, the Company plans to produce lithium carbonate electric vehicle batteries through a recently established JV from brine that is provided by Qinghai Technology for free. The cost for the brine is immaterial as it is pumped out directly from the nearby Salt Lake without any charge. Management also intends to raise additional funds by way of a private or public offering, or by obtaining loans from banks or others.  While the Company believes in the viability of its strategy to generate sufficient revenue and in its ability to raise additional funds on reasonable terms and conditions, there can be no assurances to that effect.  The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent upon the Company’s ability to further implement its business plan and generate sufficient revenue and its ability to raise additional funds by way of a public or private offering.

 

The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments related to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.  

 

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”). 

 

The interim consolidated financial information as of September 30, 2020 and for the nine and three-month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 were prepared without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures, which are normally included in consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP were not included. The interim consolidated financial information should be read in conjunction with the Financial Statements and the notes thereto, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, previously filed with the SEC.

 

In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include all significant normal and recurring adjustments) necessary to present a fair statement of the Company’s consolidated financial position as of September 30, 2020, its consolidated results of operations for the nine and three months ended September 30, 2020, and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, as applicable, were made.

 

Principles of Consolidation 

 

For the nine and three months ended September 30, 2020, the accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company’s US parent, and Mid-heaven BVI and its subsidiaries, Sincerity, Salt-Lake, Qinghai Technology and Qinghai Zhongli, which are collectively referred to as the “Company.” For the nine and three months ended September 30, 2019, the accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company’s US parent, and its subsidiaries Heat HP and Heat PHE, and their subsidiaries SanDeKe, Jinhui, SmartHeat Investment, SmartHeat Trading, SmartHeat Pump, and Heat Exchange and Mid-heaven BVI and its subsidiaries, Sincerity, Salt-Lake and Qinghai Technology, which are collectively referred to as the “Company.” All significant intercompany accounts and transactions were eliminated in consolidation. The consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2019 did not include the balance sheets of the Company’s subsidiaries that were sold on September 30, 2019.

 

Use of Estimates

 

In preparing financial statements in conformity with US GAAP, management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates, required by management, include the recoverability of long-lived assets, allowance for doubtful accounts and the reserve for obsolete and slow-moving inventories. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Cash and Equivalents

 

Cash includes cash on hand, demand deposits placed with banks or other financial institutions and all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less as of the purchase date of such investments.

 

Accounts Receivable, net

 

The Company maintains reserves for potential credit losses on accounts receivable. Management reviews the composition of accounts receivable and analyzes historical bad debts, customer concentrations, customer credit worthiness, current economic trends and changes in customer payment patterns to evaluate the adequacy of these reserves. Based on historical collection activity, the Company had allowance of $0 at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

Advances to Suppliers, net

 

The Company makes advances to certain vendors to purchase raw material, tools and equipment for production. The advances are interest-free and unsecured. As of September 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019, the Company had gross advance to suppliers of $95,570 and $7,490, respectively, and the Company had allowance for advances to suppliers of $2,632 and $0, respectively. In addition, as of September 30, 2020, advances to suppliers also included a prepayment of $29,368 to a third party company for purchasing equipment and a land use right; total purchase price is $161,525, the remaining $132,157 will be paid within three days after the completion of the land certificate and related deed, or the prepayment will be returned to the Company it failure to obtain the land use certificate and related deed.

 

 

Inventories, net

 

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value with cost determined on a weighted-average basis. Management compares the cost of inventories with the net realizable value and an allowance is made to write down inventories to market value, if lower.  

 

Property and Equipment, net

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred; major additions, repairs and betterments that significantly extend original useful lives or improve productivity are capitalized and depreciated over the period benefited. When property and equipment are retired or otherwise disposed of, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the respective accounts and any gain or loss is included in operations. Depreciation of property and equipment is provided using the straight-line method with a 3% - 10% salvage value and estimated lives as follows: 

 

Buildings

20 years

Structures and improvements

4-20 years

Vehicles

4-8 years

Office equipment

5 years

Production equipment

3-10 years

Equipment upgrade

5 years

 

Depreciation of plant, property and equipment attributable to manufacturing is capitalized as part of inventories, and expensed to cost of sales when inventories are sold. 

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

Long-lived assets, which include tangible assets, such as property and equipment, goodwill and other intangible assets, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable, but at least annually. 

 

Recoverability of long-lived assets to be held and used is measured by comparing the carrying amount of an asset to the estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated undiscounted future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of the assets. Fair value generally is determined using the asset’s expected future discounted cash flows or market value, if readily determinable. Based on its review, the Company believes that, as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there was no significant impairments of its long-lived assets.

 

Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU No. 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. The guidance removes Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test, which requires a hypothetical purchase price allocation. A goodwill impairment will now be the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the carrying amount of goodwill.

 

Deferred Income

 

Deferred income consists primarily of government grants and subsidies for supporting the Company’s technology innovation and transformation of boric acid, lithium and magnesium sulfate projects. The Company uses most of the subsidies to purchase machinery and equipment. Deferred income is amortized to revenue (other income) over the life of the assets for which the grant and subsidy was used. Subsidies for declared project fund require government inspection to ensure proper use of the funds for the designated project.

 

Unearned Revenue

 

The Company records payments received from customers in advance of their orders as unearned revenue. These orders normally are delivered (usually within one month) based upon contract terms and customer demand. 

 

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenues when its customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which it expects to receive for those goods. The Company recognizes revenues following the five step model prescribed under ASU No. 2014-09: (i) identify contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenues when (or as) we satisfy the performance obligation.

 

Revenues from product sales are recognized when the customer obtains control of the Company’s product, which occurs typically upon receipts of the goods by customers. Sales and purchases are recorded net of VAT collected and paid as the Company acts as an agent for the government. VAT taxes are not affected by the income tax holiday. 

 

Cost of Sales

 

Cost of sales consists primarily of material costs and direct labor and manufacturing overhead attributable to the production of the products. Write-down of inventory to lower of cost or net realizable value is also recorded in cost of sales. 

 

Research and Development Costs

 

Research and development (“R&D”) costs are expensed as incurred and included in general and administrative expenses. These costs primarily consist of cost of materials used, salaries paid for the Company’s development department and fees paid to third parties. R&D costs for the nine and three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 were immaterial.

 

Share-Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for share-based compensation awards to employees in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718, “Compensation – Stock Compensation”, which requires that share-based payment transactions with employees be measured based on the grant-date fair value of the equity instrument issued and recognized as compensation expense over the requisite service period. 

 

The Company accounts for share-based compensation awards to non-employees in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718 and FASB ASC Subtopic 505-50, “Equity-Based Payments to Non-employees”. Share-based compensation associated with the issuance of equity instruments to non-employees is measured at the fair value of the equity instrument issued or committed to be issued, as this is more reliable than the fair value of the services received. The fair value is measured at the date that the commitment for performance by the counterparty has been reached or the counterparty’s performance is complete.

 

Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU 2018-07, "Compensation — Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting," which expands the scope of ASC 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from non-employees. An entity should apply the requirements of FASB ASC 718 to non-employee awards except for specific guidance on inputs to an option pricing model and the attribution of cost. The amendments specify that FASB ASC 718 applies to all share-based payment transactions in which a grantor acquires goods or services to be used or consumed in a grantor's own operations by issuing share-based payment awards. The adoption of ASU 2018-07 did not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Income Taxes

 

Income taxes are accounted for using an asset and liability method. Under this method, deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences in future years of differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their financial reporting amounts at each period end based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates, applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.

 

The Company follows FASB ASC Topic 740, which prescribes a more-likely-than-not threshold for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. FASB ASC Topic 740 also provides guidance on recognition of income tax assets and liabilities, classification of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, accounting for interest and penalties associated with tax positions, accounting for income taxes in interim periods, and income tax disclosures.

 

 

Under the provisions of FASB ASC Topic 740, when tax returns are filed, it is likely that some positions taken would be sustained upon examination by the taxing authorities, while others are subject to uncertainty about the merits of the position taken or the amount of the position that would be ultimately sustained. The benefit of a tax position is recognized in the financial statements in the period during which, based on all available evidence, management believes it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon examination, including the resolution of appeals or litigation processes, if any. Tax positions taken are not offset or aggregated with other positions. Tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold are measured as the largest amount of tax benefit that is more than 50% likely of being realized upon settlement with the applicable taxing authority. The portion of the benefits associated with tax positions taken that exceeds the amount measured as described above is reflected as a liability for unrecognized tax benefits in the accompanying balance sheets along with any associated interest and penalties that would be payable to the taxing authorities upon examination. Interest associated with unrecognized tax benefits is classified as interest expense and penalties are classified in selling, general and administrative expenses in the statement of income.  At September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company did not take any uncertain positions that would necessitate recording a tax related liability.  

 

Noncontrolling Interests

 

The Company follows FASB ASC Topic 810, “Consolidation,” governing the accounting for and reporting of noncontrolling interests (“NCIs”) in partially owned consolidated subsidiaries and the loss of control of subsidiaries. Certain provisions of this standard indicate, among other things, that non-controlling interests (previously referred to as minority interests) be treated as a separate component of equity, not as a liability, that increases and decreases in the parent’s ownership interest that leave control intact be treated as equity transactions rather than as step acquisitions or dilution gains or losses, and that losses of a partially-owned consolidated subsidiary be allocated to non-controlling interests even when such allocation might result in a deficit balance. 

 

The net income (loss) attributed to non-controlling interests was separately designated in the accompanying statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss). Losses attributable to non-controlling interests in a subsidiary may exceed an non-controlling interest’s interests in the subsidiary’s equity. The excess attributable to non-controlling interests is attributed to those interests. non-controlling interests shall continue to be attributed their share of losses even if that attribution results in a deficit non-controlling interests balance.

 

On April 15, 2020, Qinghai Technology and Xi’an Jinzang formed a JV company Qinghai Zhongli to process brine supplied by Qinghai Technology. Qinghai Technology owns 51% of the JV and Xi’ Jinzang owns the remaining 49%. During the nine and three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company had loss of $8,554 and $5,809 attributable to the noncontrolling interest. 

 

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

Cash includes cash on hand and demand deposits in accounts maintained within China. Balances at financial institutions within China are not covered by insurance. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts.

 

Certain other financial instruments, which subject the Company to concentration of credit risk, consist of accounts and other receivables. The Company does not require collateral or other security to support these receivables. The Company conducts periodic reviews of its customers’ financial condition and customer payment practices to minimize collection risk on accounts receivable.

 

The operations of the Company are located primarily in China. Accordingly, the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations may be influenced by the political, economic and legal environments in China, as well as by the general state of the PRC economy.

 

Basic and Diluted Earnings (Loss) per Share (EPS)

 

Basic EPS is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS is computed similarly, except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the potential common shares had been issued and if the additional common shares were dilutive. Diluted EPS are based on the assumption that all dilutive convertible shares and stock options were converted or exercised. Dilution is computed by applying the treasury stock method. Under this method, options and warrants are assumed to have been exercised at the beginning of the period (or at the time of issuance, if later), and as if funds obtained thereby were used to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period.  

 

 

Foreign Currency Translation and Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

The accounts of the US parent company are maintained in USD. The functional currency of the Company’s China subsidiaries is the Chinese Yuan Renminbi (“RMB”). The accounts of the China subsidiaries were translated into USD in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 830, “Foreign Currency Matters.” According to FASB ASC Topic 830, all assets and liabilities were translated at the exchange rate on the balance sheet date, stockholders’ equity was translated at the historical rates and statement of operations items were translated at the average exchange rate for the period. The resulting translation adjustments are reported under other comprehensive income in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 220, “Comprehensive Income.”

 

Statement of Cash Flows

 

In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 230, “Statement of Cash Flows,” cash flows from the Company’s operations are calculated based upon the local currencies. As a result, amounts shown on the statement of cash flows may not necessarily agree with changes in the corresponding asset and liability on the balance sheet.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Certain of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash and equivalents, notes receivable, accrued liabilities and accounts payable, carrying amounts approximate their fair value due to their short maturities. FASB ASC Topic 825, “Financial Instruments,” requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments held by the Company. The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for current liabilities each qualify as financial instruments and are a reasonable estimate of their fair value because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and the current market rate of interest.

 

Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures

 

FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” defines fair value, and establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosures of fair value measurement that enhances disclosure requirements for fair value measures. The three levels are defined as follow:

 

  

Level 1 inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

  

Level 2 inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.

  

Level 3 inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement.

 

Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement: Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, which modifies the disclosure requirements for Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 instruments in the fair value hierarchy.

 

As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company did not identify any assets and liabilities that are required to be presented on the balance sheet at fair value. 

 

Leases

 

On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU  No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (ASU 2016-02), as amended, which supersedes the lease accounting guidance under Topic 840, and generally requires lessees to recognize operating and financing lease liabilities and corresponding right-of-use (ROU) assets on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months and to provide enhanced disclosures surrounding the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leasing arrangements. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for lessees for capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. The Company concluded the adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements since the Company does not have any lease that is longer than 12 months. 

 

 

Segment Reporting

 

FASB ASC Topic 280, “Segment Reporting,” requires use of the “management approach” model for segment reporting. The management approach model is based on the way a company’s management organizes segments within the company for making operating decisions and assessing performance. Reportable segments are based on products and services, geography, legal structure, management structure, or any other manner in which management disaggregates a company. Management determined the Company’s operations constitute a single reportable segment in accordance with ASC 280. The Company currently operates in one business and industry segment: manufacture and sale of boric acid. 

 

Reclassification

  

Certain prior period balance sheet accounts were reclassified for the purpose of consistency with the current year’s presentation.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements 

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326), which requires entities to measure all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This replaces the existing incurred loss model and is applicable to the measurement of credit losses on financial assets measured at amortized cost. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2022. Early application will be permitted for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the standard will have on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes, eliminates certain exceptions within FASB ASC 740, Income Taxes, and clarifies certain aspects of the current guidance to promote consistent application among reporting entities. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. Upon adoption, the Company must apply certain aspects of this standard retrospectively for all periods presented while other aspects are applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The Company is evaluating the impact this update will have on its consolidated financial statements.

 

3. INVENTORIES, NET 

 

Inventories at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, were as follows: 

 

   

2020

   

2019

 

Raw materials

  $ 280,018     $ 311,049  

Finished goods

    440,178       1,491,598  

Total

  $ 720,196     $ 1,802,647  

    

4. NOTES RECEIVABLE – BANK ACCEPTANCES

 

The Company sold goods to its customers and received notes (bank acceptances) from them in lieu of payment. These bank acceptances were issued by customers to the Company and would be honored by the applicable bank. The Company may hold a bank acceptance until the maturity for full payment, or have the bank acceptance cashed out by the bank at a discount at an earlier date, or transfer the bank acceptance to its vendors in lieu of payment for their own obligations. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had notes receivable of $366,258 and $79,478, respectively; and at September 30, 2020, the Company had $1.30 million notes receivable that were endorsed to its vendors, in lieu of payment. The Company was contingently liable for these notes receivable until paid.

 

5. OTHER RECEIVABLES

 

Other receivables consisted of the following at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

 

   

2020

   

2019

 

VAT tax receivable

  $ 19,503     $ -  

Other receivable – sale of discontinued operations

    354       354  

Total

  $ 19,857     $ 354  

 

 

6. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET

 

Property and equipment consisted of the following at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively:

 

   

2020

   

2019

 

Structures and improvements

  $ 461,115     $ 450,136  

Production equipment

    2,752,902       2,451,859  

Vehicle

    67,869       -  

Equipment

    254,758       248,692  

Total

    3,536,644       3,150,687  

Less: accumulated depreciation

    (2,031,938

)

    (1,747,006

)

Property and equipment, net

  $ 1,504,706     $ 1,403,681  

 

Depreciation for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $236,026 and $235,286, respectively.

 

Depreciation for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $84,483 and $76,141, respectively.

 

7. CONSTRUCTION IN PROGRESS

 

As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had construction in progress of $33,264 and $1,635,912, respectively. As of December 31, 2019, the construction in progress was mainly for Test and Experimental Plant I, which has no production currently; due to the existing coal-supported boiler in Plant I not meet the environment protection standard, and the delay of the government’s installing and connecting a natural gas pipeline to implement a Coal-to-Gas conversion project resulting from various factors including the Coronavirus outbreak, Qinghai Technology sold the Test and Experimental Plant I to Qinghai Mining at cost of RMB 11.41 million ($1.63 million) (Note 10) in September 2020. The payment term is five years with annual interest of 4.75%.  The first payment of $323,050 is due September 30, 2021. Qinghai Mining uses its accounts receivable as the pledge for the repayment, and  has the right to repay the purchase price in full any time before the maturity date.

 

8. TAXES PAYABLE

 

Taxes payable consisted of the following September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively:

 

   

2020

   

2019

 

Other

  $ 39,361     $ 29,350  

VAT

    313,527       265,905  

Taxes payable

  $ 352,888     $ 295,255  

     

9. ACCRUED LIABILITIES AND OTHER PAYABLES 

 

Accrued liabilities and other payables consisted of the following at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively:

 

   

2020

   

2019

 

Advances from third parties

  $ 4,720     $ 1,049  

Other

    524,000       534,275  

Accrued salary

    951,189       560,374  

Total

  $ 1,479,909     $ 1,095,698  

 

Advances from third parties were short term, non-interest-bearing and due on demand.  

  

As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, other mainly consisted of 1) dividend payable to Northtech of $475,000 and $400,000, respectively; and 2) payables for professional fees and other miscellaneous expenses of $49,000 and $134,275, respectively. 

 

As of September 30, 2020, accrued salary also included $840,000 accrued salary for three senior officers. As of December 31, 2019, accrued salary also included $480,000 accrued salary for three senior officers.

 

 

10. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Qinghai Technology purchased raw material boron rock from Qinghai Mining (owned by three major shareholders of the Company); in addition, Qinghai Technology sometimes received no-interest short-term advances from Qinghai Mining for daily operational needs. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, due from Qinghai Mining (representing the net amount of intercompany transactions between Qinghai Technology and Qinghai Mining) was $3.16 million and $0.55 million, respectively. Qinghai Technology purchased $1,188,802 and $1,113,250 boron ore from Qinghai Mining during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Qinghai Technology purchased $594,276 and $518,870 boron ore from Qinghai Mining during the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

On July 1, 2019, Qinghai Technology and Qinghai Mining entered a boron ore purchase contract for one year. Qinghai Mining is to supply Qinghai Technology boron ore based on Qinghai Technology’s monthly production plan at RMB 62 ($9.10) per tonne. The price is adjustable in the future if there is a significant fluctuation of the market price for the boron ore. In the fourth quarter of 2019, this price was adjusted to RMB 70.46 ($10.21) per tonne. In the first quarter of 2020, Qinghai Technology and Qinghai Mining entered a new purchase contract, the price for boron ore was adjusted to RMB 77.5 ($11.10) per tonne, and the price for slag was RMB 30 ($4.41) per tonne. This purchase contract will be in effect until a replacement contact with new purchase price is entered.

 

In September 2020, Qinghai Technology sold the Test and Experimental Plant I to Qinghai Mining at cost of RMB 11.41 million ($1.68 million) (see Note 7). The payment term is five years with annual interest of 4.75%.  The first payment of $323,050 is due September 30, 2021. As of September 30, 2020, the future minimum payment for next five years is: $323,050, $323,050, $323,050, $323,050 and $383,612.  Qinghai Mining uses its accounts receivable as the pledge for the repayment, and  has the right to repay the purchase price in full any time before the maturity date.

 

Qinghai Technology used equipment for production that belongs to Qinghai Province Dachaidan Zhongtian Resources Development Co., Ltd (“Zhongtian Resources”, and is owned by the Chairman and his brother who are also two major shareholders of the Company). The depreciation of these fixed assets had an impact on the production costs of boric acid of the Company and was included in the Company’s cost of sales. The depreciation of these fixed assets for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $19,547 and $25,658, respectively. The depreciation of these fixed assets for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $6,927 and $8,059, respectively. Due to Zhongtian Resources resulting from using its equipment and payment of worker’s compensation made by Zhongtian Resource for Qinghai Technology was $69,871 and $49,125 at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

Qinghai Technology sold boric acid to Qinghai Dingjia Zhixin Trading Co., Ltd (“Dingjia”), 90% owned by the son of the Company’s major shareholder (also the Chairman of the Company). For the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company’s sales to Dingjia was $202,130 and $112,855, respectively. For the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company’s sales to Dingjia was $100,570 and $17,300, respectively. At September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, payable to Dingjia was $19,893 and $56,144, respectively.

 

In addition, at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had $939,591 and $573,264 due to another major shareholder of the Company (also the Company’s CEO), resulting from certain Company operating expenses of the US parent company such as legal and audit fees that were paid by this major shareholder on behalf of the Company. This short term advance bore no interest, and was payable upon demand. 

 

The following table summarized the due from (to) related parties as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively:

 

 

Related party name

  2020     2019  

Due from

Qinghai Mining including $1.68 million sale of CIP

  $ 3,534,790     $ 1,173,881  

Due to

Qinghai Mining

    (374,840 )     (619,354 )

Due from, net (current and noncurrent)

  $ 3,159,950     $ 554,527  
                   

Due to

Dingjia

  $ 19,893     $ 56,144  

Due to

Zhongtian Resources

    69,871       49,125  

Due to

A major shareholder

    939,591       573,264  

Due to, total

  $ 1,029,355     $ 678,533  

 

 

11. DEFERRED INCOME

 

Deferred income consisted mainly of the government subsidy to the Company’s special projects. 

 

The detail of deferred income for the Company’s special projects at September 30, 2020 is:

 

   

Government

subsidy

amount

 

Project

completion

date

 

Useful life

in years

   

 

Accumulated

amortization

   

Net

 
                                   

Technology upgrade for using lean ore to produce magnesium sulfate

  $ 323,050  

8/1/2013

    10     $ 231,519     $ 91,531  

Technical transformation for boric acid and magnesium sulfate produced from low grade ore

    73,420  

5/1/2015

    10       39,769       33,651  

Project of comprehensive utilization of DaChaiDan Solid Boron Mine

    1,468,407  

1/1/2018

    10       403,812       1,064,595  

Project of high value utilization of magnesium-rich waste liquid

    293,681  

7/9/2019

    10       234,578       59,103  

Total

  $ 2,158,558               $ 909,678     $ 1,248,880  

 

The detail of deferred income for the Company’s special projects at December 31, 2019 is:

 

   

Government

subsidy

amount

 

Project

completion

date

 

Useful life

in years

   

 

Accumulated

amortization

   

Net

 
                                   

Technology upgrade for using lean ore to produce magnesium sulfate

  $ 315,358  

8/1/2013

    10     $ 202,355     $ 113,003  

Technical transformation for boric acid and magnesium sulfate produced from low grade ore

    71,672  

5/1/2015

    10       33,447       38,225  

Project of comprehensive utilization of DaChaiDan Solid Boron Mine

    1,433,445  

1/1/2018

    10       286,689       1,146,756  

Project of high value utilization of magnesium-rich waste liquid

    286,689  

7/9/2019

    10       224,047       62,642  

Total

  $ 2,107,164               $ 746,538     $ 1,360,626  

 

12. SUBSIDY INCOME

 

Subsidy income consisted of amortization of deferred income for declared special projects and government’s general incentive fund (recorded as income upon receipt) for the nine and three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively:

 

   

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 
   

2020

   

2019

 

Technology upgrade for using lean ore to produce magnesium sulfate

  $ 23,599     $ 24,073  

Technical transformation for boric acid and magnesium sulfate produced from low grade ore

    5,364       5,471  

Project of comprehensive utilization of DaChaiDan Solid Boron Mine

    107,270       109,424  

Project of high value utilization of magnesium-rich waste liquid

    4,934       226,359  

Subsidy for resuming work

    2,559       -  

Total

  $ 143,726     $ 365,327  

 

 

   

Three Months Ended September 30,

 
   

2020

   

2019

 

Technology upgrade for using lean ore to produce magnesium sulfate

  $ 7,956     $ 7,851  

Technical transformation for boric acid and magnesium sulfate produced from low grade ore

    1,809       1,784  

Project of comprehensive utilization of DaChaiDan Solid Boron Mine

    36,165       35,686  

Project of high value utilization of magnesium-rich waste liquid

    1,663       226,359  

Subsidy for resuming work

    498       -  

Total

  $ 48,091     $ 271,680  

 

13. DEFERRED TAX ASSETS

 

As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, deferred tax assets consisted of the following:

 

   

2020

   

2019

 

Deferred tax asset –NOL of US parent company

  $ 1,063,574     $ 941,203  

Less: valuation allowance

    (1,063,574

)

    (941,203

)

Deferred tax assets, net

  $ -     $ -  

 

The Company recorded a 100% valuation allowance for all deferred tax assets due to the uncertainty of its realization. 

 

14. INCOME TAXES

 

The Company is subject to income taxes by entity on income arising in or derived from the tax jurisdiction in which each entity is domiciled. The Company’s PRC subsidiaries file their income tax returns online with PRC tax authorities.

 

The H.R. 1 (the “Tax Reform”), effective for tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2018, except for certain provisions, resulted in changes to existing U.S. tax law, including various provisions that are expected to impact the Company. The Tax Reform Law reduces the federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018 for the U.S. entity of the Company.

 

The US parent company, was incorporated in the US and has net operating losses for income tax purposes, under the 2018 Tax Reform, the net operating losses arising in tax years beginning after 2017 may reduce 80% of a taxpayer’s taxable income, and be carried forward indefinitely. However, the coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (“the CARES Act”) issued in March 2020, provides tax relief to both corporate and noncorporate taxpayers by adding a five-year carryback period and temporarily repealing the 80% limitation for NOLs arising in 2018, 2019 and 2020. The U.S. parent Company has net operating losses carry forwards for income taxes of approximately $5.06 million at September 30, 2020. Management believes the realization of benefits from these losses remains uncertain due to the parent Company’s limited operating history and continuing losses. Accordingly, a 100% deferred tax asset valuation allowance was provided. 

 

The disposed entities - SanDeKe, Jinhui, SmartHeat Investment, SmartHeat Pump, SmartHeat Trading and Heat Exchange are subject to the regular 25% PRC income tax rate.

 

Mid-Heaven BVI is a BVI company, and there is no income tax for companies domiciled in the BVI. Sincerity and Salt-Lake are governed by the Income Tax Law of the PRC concerning privately-run enterprises, which are generally subject to tax at 25% on income reported in the statutory financial statements after appropriate tax adjustments. Mid-Heaven BVI, Sincerity and Salt-Lake do not have any operations, and are not expected to have any operations in the future. Qinghai Technology and Qinghai Zhongli enjoys 15% preferential PRC income tax rate.

 

 

The following is a reconciliation of the difference between the actual provision for income taxes and the (benefit) provision computed by applying the federal statutory rate on income before income taxes for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively:

 

   

2020

   

2019

 

Tax benefit at U.S. federal statutory rates

  $ (49,847

)

  $ 81,791  

Foreign income taxed at different rates

    13,815       28,301  

Tax holiday in PRC

    (34,536

)

    (70,751

)

Valuation allowance

    117,685       66,786  

Tax expense per financial statements

  $ 47,117     $ 106,127  

 

The income tax expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, consisted of the following:

 

   

2020

   

2019

 

Income tax expense – current

  $ 47,117     $ 106,127  

Income tax benefit – deferred

    -       -  

Total income tax benefit, net

  $ 47,117     $ 106,127  

 

The following is a reconciliation of the difference between the actual provision for income taxes and the (benefit) provision computed by applying the federal statutory rate on income before income taxes for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively:

 

   

2020

   

2019

 

Tax benefit at U.S. federal statutory rates

  $ (15,258

)

  $ 78,478  

Foreign income taxed at different rates

    5,135       19,628  

Tax holiday in PRC

    (12,834

)

    (49,070

)

Valuation allowance

    44,141       24,569  

Tax expense per financial statements

  $ 21,184     $ 73,605  

 

The income tax expense for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, consisted of the following:

 

   

2020

   

2019

 

Income tax expense – current

  $ 21,184     $ 73,605  

Income tax benefit – deferred

    -       -  

Total income tax benefit, net

  $ 21,184     $ 73,605  

 

15. MAJOR CUSTOMERS AND VENDORS 

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, three customers accounted for 14%, 12% and 10% of Company’s total sales. For the three months ended September 30, 2020, four customers accounted for 15%, 12%, 11% and 10% of Company’s total sales. Total accounts receivable from those major customers was $118,865 as of September 30, 2020.

 

Two customers accounted for 15% and 14%, respectively, of the Company’s sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Two customers accounted for 13% and 13%, respectively, of the Company’s sales for the three months ended September 30, 2019.

 

Qinghai Technology purchased $1,188,802 and $1,113,250 boron ore (the main raw material) from Qinghai Mining during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Qinghai Technology purchased $594,276 and $518,870 boron ore (the main raw material) from Qinghai Mining during the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

 

16. STATUTORY RESERVES AND RESTRICTED NET ASSETS

 

The Company’s ability to pay dividends primarily depends on the Company receiving funds from its subsidiaries. PRC laws and regulations permit payments of dividends by the Company’s PRC subsidiaries only out of the subsidiary’s retained earnings, if any, as determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. The results of operations reflected in the financial statements prepared in accordance with US GAAP differ from those reflected in the statutory financial statements of the Company’s PRC subsidiaries.

 

In accordance with the PRC Regulations on Enterprises with Foreign Investment and their articles of association, a foreign-invested enterprise (“FIE”) established in the PRC is required to provide certain statutory reserves, which are appropriated from net profit as reported in the FIE’s PRC statutory accounts. An FIE is required to allocate at least 10% of its annual after-tax profit to the surplus reserve until such reserve has reached 50% of its respective registered capital based on the FIE’s PRC statutory accounts. Appropriations to other funds are at the discretion of the BOD for all FIEs. The aforementioned reserves can only be used for specific purposes and are not distributable as cash dividends. Additionally, shareholders of an FIE are required to contribute capital to satisfy the registered capital requirement of the FIE. Until such contribution of capital is satisfied, the FIE is not allowed to repatriate profits to its shareholders, unless otherwise approved by the State Administration of Foreign Exchange. Sincerity, incorporated on July 9, 2018 in China as a wholly foreign-owned enterprise (“WFOE”) with registered capital of $1.00 million, has 10 years from the incorporation date to fulfill the registered capital requirement.

 

Additionally, in accordance with the Company Laws of the PRC, a domestic enterprise is required to provide surplus reserve at least 10% of its annual after-tax profit until such reserve has reached 50% of its respective registered capital based on the enterprise’s PRC statutory accounts. A domestic enterprise is also required to provide discretionary surplus reserve, at the discretion of the BOD, from the profits determined in accordance with the enterprise’s PRC statutory accounts. The aforementioned reserves can only be used for specific purposes and are not distributable as cash dividends. Qinghai Technology was established as domestic enterprises and therefore are subject to the above-mentioned restrictions on distributable profits.

 

As a result of these PRC laws and regulations that require annual appropriations of 10% of after-tax income to be set aside prior to payment of dividends as general reserve fund, the Company’s PRC subsidiaries are restricted in their ability to transfer a portion of their net assets to the Company as a dividend.

 

According to Administrative Measures for the Collection and Utilization of Enterprise Work Safety Funds issued by the PRC Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Work Safety, for the companies with dangerous goods production or storage, the company is required to make a special reverse for the use of enhancing and improving its safe production conditions. Under PRC GAAP, the reserve is recorded as cost of sales; however, under US GAAP, since the expense has not been incurred and the Company already recorded cost of sales for safety related expenses when incurred, this special reserve was recorded as an appropriation of its after-tax income. At September 30, 2020, the Company had $48,698 production safety related reserve, which was included in $146,650 statutory reserve in the balance sheet. The reserve is calculated at regressive rates levied on revenue in excess of specific amounts as follows: 

 

Annual revenue amount

Reserve ratio

Less than RMB 10 million ($1.41 million)

4.0% of annual revenue

Over RMB 10 million ($1.41 million), but less than RMB 100 million ($14.13 million)

2.0% of annual revenue

Over RMB 100 million ($14.13 million), but less than RMB 1 billion ($141.25 million)

0.5% of annual revenue

Over RMB 1 billion ($141.25 million)

0.2% of annual revenue

 

17. COMMITMENTS

 

Capital Contribution

 

Both Sincerity and Salt-Lake were incorporated in China in 2018 with registered capital of $1.00 million and $0.88 million, respectively, they have 10 years from the incorporation date to fulfill the registered capital requirement. Under PRC company law, registered capital must be used in the operations of the domestic company within its approved business scope.

 

 

18. CONTINGENCIES

 

The Company’s operations in the PRC are subject to specific considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America and Western Europe. These include risks associated with, among others, the political, economic and legal environments in China and foreign currency exchange. The Company’s results may be adversely affected by changes in PRC government policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion and remittance abroad and rates and methods of taxation, among other things.

 

The Company’s sales, purchases and expense transactions in China are denominated in RMB and all of the Company’s assets and liabilities in China are also denominated in RMB. The RMB is not freely convertible into foreign currencies under the current PRC law. In China, foreign exchange transactions are required by law to be transacted only by authorized financial institutions. Remittances in currencies other than RMB may require certain supporting documentation in order to affect the remittance.  

 

19. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

The Company follows the guidance in FASB ASC 855-10 for the disclosure of subsequent events. The Company evaluated subsequent events through the date the financial statements were issued and determined the Company has no material subsequent events.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Overview

 

The Company currently produces boric acid in the PRC and plans to expand its manufacturing facilities through a JV to produce up to 30,000 tonnes of lithium carbonate for the electric vehicle battery market in China, subject to funding. We formerly sold plate heat exchangers and heat pumps and sold those operations on September 30, 2019.

 

On December 31, 2018 (the "Closing Date"), we entered into a Share Exchange Agreement and Plan of Reorganization, as amended January 24, 2019 (the “Share Exchange Agreement”) with Mid-Heaven Sincerity International Resources Investment Co., Ltd (Mid-heaven BVI) and its shareholders Mao Zhang, Jian Zhang, and Ying Zhao, constituting all of the shareholders of Mid-heaven BVI (the “Mid-heaven Shareholders”). Pursuant to the terms of the Share Exchange Agreement, the shareholders of Mid-heaven BVI delivered all of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of Mid-Heaven BVI to SmartHeat, for 106,001,971 shares of our Common Stock. Mid-heaven BVI, through two subsidiaries, Qinghai Mid-Heaven Sincerity Technology Co., Ltd (“Sincerity”) and Qinghai Mid-Heaven Sincerity Salt-Lake R&D Co., Ltd (“Salt-Lake”) owns 100% of Qing Hai Mid-Heaven Boron & Lithium Technology Company, Ltd. (“Qinghai Technology”).

 

The Acquisition was structured as a tax-free reorganization. As a result of the share exchange agreement, Mid-heaven BVI’s shareholders own approximately 57% of the combined company.  For accounting purposes, the transaction was accounted for as a reverse acquisition of the Company by Mid-heaven BVI.

 

The main operating entity, Qinghai Technology was incorporated on December 18, 2018. The business of Qinghai Technology was carved out of the business of Qinghai Zhongtian Boron & Lithium Mining Co., Ltd (“Qinghai Mining”) on December 20, 2018. Qinghai Mining was founded March 6, 2001, and manufactures and wholesales boric acid and related compounds for industrial and consumer usage. Qinghai Technology obtains its raw material minerals exclusively from Qinghai Mining and currently processes boric acid by crushing and processing ore.

 

On September 30, 2019, Heat HP, Inc. and Heat PHE, Inc, our wholly owned subsidiaries, sold their respective equity interests in Jinhui, SmartHeat Investment, SmartHeat Trading, SmartHeat Pump and Heat Exchange for $353. The equity interests were sold to individuals and businesses in the PRC. Each subsidiary was sold for nominal cash consideration as below and, as the transactions were structured as purchases of equity interests, the subsidiary companies retained all liabilities when sold.

 

SmartHeat Jinhui (Beijing) Energy Technology Ltd - 100 RMB

SmartHeat (China) Investment Ltd - 400 RMB

SmartHeat (Shanghai) Trading Co., Ltd - 400 RMB

SmartHeat (Shenyang) Heat Pump Technology Co., Ltd - 400 RMB

SanDeKe Co., Ltd - 600 RMB

SmartHeat Heat Exchange Equipment Co - 600 RMB

 

On October 23, 2019, we filed a certificate of amendment to its certificate of incorporation to change its name from “SmartHeat, Inc.” to “Lithium & Boron Technology, Inc.” to better reflect the operations of the Company.

 

In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus (COVID-19) was reported in Wuhan, China. The World Health Organization declared the outbreak to constitute a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern.” This contagious disease outbreak, which continues to spread to additional countries, and disrupts supply chains and affecting production and sales across a range of industries as a result of quarantines, facility closures, and travel and logistics restrictions in connection with the outbreak. The COVID-19 outbreak impacted the Company’s operations for the first quarter of 2020.  The Company had less production in the first quarter of 2020; the Company’s factory was reopened one month later than originally planned, and it did not resume the production one week after the factory reopened due to the shortage of master liquid pool resulting from the longer period of shutdown of the machine.  The cost of our coal increased during the first quarter of 2020 due to the overall lockdown in China. The Company’s sales also decreased for the first quarter of 2020 due to logistics restrictions put into place to curb travel. To facilitate sales, the Company reduced its selling price by RMB 50 ($7) per tonne to certain customers.   The number of transportation vehicles has increased to meet the market’s shipping needs since April 2020.  In addition, the Company was able to procure sulfuric acid, a major raw material, from a local supplier at lower prices than usual due to excess supplies on the market.  The Company’s production and sales has been gradually increasing since April 2020. There was also a delay by the government’s planned installation and connection of a natural gas pipeline necessary to implement a Coal-to-Gas conversion project resulted from various factors including the Coronavirus outbreak. Since April 2020, there were some new COVID-19 cases discovered in a few provinces of China as of today, however, the number of new cases are not significant due to PRC government’s strict control, and, except with respect to the increase in the average cost of sales as disclosed in Results of Operations – Cost of Sales below, the Company does not believe the new cases would have a significant impact on the Company’s operations.

 

 

On March 27, 2020 (PRC time), Qinghai Technology entered into an Investment Cooperation Agreement, Memorandum of Cooperation and Licensing Agreement with Xi'an Jinzang Membrane Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd. (Xi’an Jinzang) to produce up to 30,000 tonnes of battery grade lithium carbonate annually, subject to funding. On April 15, 2020, the parties formed a JV company Qinghai Zhonglixinmo Technology Co., Ltd (Qinghai Zhongli or JV) to process brine supplied by Qinghai Technology. Qinghai Technology owns 51% of the JV and Xi’ Jinzang owns the remaining 49%. The JV cooperation agreement calls for a capital contribution of RMB 140 million ($19,746,000), which shall be paid in three phases according to the project construction progress: RMB 36 million ($5,077,000) to be paid within 10 days from the date of registration and establishment of the JV, RMB 72 million ($10,155,000) to be paid before July 31, 2020, and RMB 32 million ($4,513,000) to be paid before October 31,2020. All shareholders shall pay the capital in accordance with their respective shareholding ratio. The capital contribution amount and timing of making the capital contribution can be adjusted upon both parties’ mutual consent. Each party made an initial capital contribution of RMB 5 million ($0.71 million) in April 2020. The Company promises and guarantees that, during the existence of the project company, it will provide the JV with lithium bearing brine resources for free. During the construction and operation of the project, all parties agree to actively raise construction funds by means of bank loans, self-owned funds, etc. if the funds are not raised in time, the term of paid in capital can be extended accordingly upon consensus of all parties.

 

Related Party Transactions 

 

Qinghai Technology purchased raw material boron rock from Qinghai Mining (owned by three major shareholders of the Company); in addition, Qinghai Technology sometimes received no-interest short-term advances from Qinghai Mining for daily operational needs. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, due from Qinghai Mining (was the net amount of intercompany transactions between Qinghai Technology and Qinghai Mining) was $3.16 million and $0.55 million, respectively. Qinghai Technology purchased $1,188,802 and $1,113,250 boron ore from Qinghai Mining during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Qinghai Technology purchased $594,276 and $518,870 boron ore from Qinghai Mining during the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

On July 1, 2019, Qinghai Technology and Qinghai Mining entered a boron ore purchase contract for a term of one year. Qinghai Mining is to supply Qinghai Technology boron ore based on Qinghai Technology’s monthly production plan at a price of RMB 62 ($9.10) per tonne. The price is adjustable in the future if there is a significant fluctuation of the market price for the boron ore. In the fourth quarter of 2019, this price was adjusted to RMB 70.46 ($10.21) per tonne. In the first quarter of 2020, Qinghai Technology and Qinghai Mining entered a new purchase contract, the price for boron ore was adjusted to RMB 77.5 ($11.10) per tonne, and the price for slag was RMB 30 ($4.41) per tonne. This purchase contract will be in effect until a replacement contact with new purchase price is entered.

 

In September 2020, Qinghai Technology sold the Test and Experimental Plant I to Qinghai Mining at cost of RMB 11.41 million ($1.63 million) (see Note 7). The payment term is five years with annual interest of 4.75%.  The first payment of $323,050 is due September 30, 2021. Qinghai Mining uses its accounts receivable as the pledge for the repayment, and  has the right to repay the purchase price in full any time before the maturity date.

 

Qinghai Technology used equipment that belongs to Qinghai Province Dachaidan Zhongtian Resources Development Co., Ltd (“Zhongtian Resources”, and is owned by the Chairman and his brother who ae also two major shareholders of the Company) for production. The depreciation of these fixed assets had an impact on the production costs of boric acid of the Company and was included in the Company’s cost of sales. The depreciation of these fixed assets for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $19,547 and $25,658, respectively. The depreciation of these fixed assets for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $6,927 and $8,059, respectively. Due to Zhongtian Resources resulting from using its equipment and payment of worker’s compensation made by Zhongtian Resource for Qinghai Technology was $69,871 and $49,125 at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

Qinghai Technology sold boric acid to Qinghai Dingjia Zhixin Trading Co., Ltd (“Dingjia”), 90% owned by the son of the Company’s major shareholder (also the Chairman of the Company). For the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company’s sales to Dingjia was $202,130 and $112,855, respectively. For the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company’s sales to Dingjia was $100,570 and $17,300, respectively. At September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, outstanding payable to Dingjia was $19,893 and $56,144, respectively.

 

In addition, at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had $939,591 and $573,263 due to another major shareholder of the Company (also the Company’s CEO), resulting from the certain of the Company’s operating expenses such as legal and audit fees that were paid by this major shareholder on behalf of the Company. This short term advance bore no interest, and payable upon demand.

 

 

The following table summarized the due from (to) related parties as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively:

 

     

2020

   

2019

 
 

Related party name

               

Due from

Qinghai Mining

  $ 3,534,790     $ 1,173,881  

Due to

Qinghai Mining

    (374,840

)

    (619,354

)

Due from, net

  $ 3,159,950     $ 554,527  
                   

Due to

Dingjia

  $ 19,893     $ 56,144  

Due to

Zhongtian Resources

    69,871       49,125  

Due to

A major shareholder

    939,591       573,264  

Due to, total

  $ 1,029,355     $ 678,533  

 

Going Concern

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements (“CFS”) were prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates continuity of operations, realization of assets, and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business.

 

As reflected in the accompanying CFS, the Company had net loss of $275,929 and $88,035 for the nine and three months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, which raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

In addition to current boric acid production business, the Company plans to produce lithium carbonate for the electric vehicle batteries through a recently established JV from brine that is provided by Qinghai Technology for free. The cost for the brine is immaterial as it is pumped out directly from the nearby Salt Lake without any charge. Management also intends to raise additional funds by way of a private or public offering, or by obtaining loans from banks or others. While the Company believes in the viability of its strategy to generate sufficient revenue and in its ability to raise additional funds on reasonable terms and conditions, there can be no assurances to that effect.  The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent upon the Company’s ability to further implement its business plan and generate sufficient revenue and its ability to raise additional funds by way of a public or private offering. The CFS do not include any adjustments related to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.  

 

Significant Accounting Policies

 

While our significant accounting policies are more fully described in Note 2 to our CFS, we believe the following accounting policies are the most critical to aid you in fully understanding and evaluating this management discussion and analysis.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

Our CFS are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or US GAAP.  

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

For the nine and three months ended September 30, 2020, the accompanying CFS include the accounts of the Company’s US parent, and Mid-heaven BVI and its subsidiaries, Sincerity, Salt-Lake, Qinghai Technology and Qinghai Zhongli, which are collectively referred to as the “Company.” For the nine and three months ended September 30, 2019, the accompanying CFS include the accounts of the Company’s US parent, and its subsidiaries Heat HP and Heat PHE, and their subsidiaries SanDeKe, Jinhui, SmartHeat Investment, SmartHeat Trading, SmartHeat Pump, and Heat Exchange, and Mid-heaven BVI and its subsidiaries, Sincerity, Salt-Lake and Qinghai Technology, which are collectively referred to as the “Company.” All significant intercompany accounts and transactions were eliminated in consolidation.

 

Use of Estimates

 

In preparing the financial statements in conformity with US GAAP, management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates, required by management, include the recoverability of long-lived assets, allowance for doubtful accounts, and the reserve for obsolete and slow-moving inventories. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

 

Accounts Receivable

 

We maintain reserves for potential credit losses on accounts receivable. Management reviews the composition of accounts receivable and analyzes historical bad debts, customer concentrations, customer credit worthiness, current economic trends and changes in customer payment patterns to evaluate the adequacy of these reserves. Based on historical collection activity, we had bad debt allowance for accounts receivable of $0 at September 30, 2020 and December 31,2019.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenues when its customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which it expects to receive in exchange for those goods. The Company recognizes revenues following the five step model prescribed under ASU No. 2014-09: (i) identify contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenues when (or as) we satisfy the performance obligation.

 

Revenues from product sales are recognized when the customer obtains control of the Company’s product, which occurs at a point in time, typically upon receipts of the goods by customer. Sales and purchases are recorded net of VAT collected and paid as the Company acts as an agent for the government. VAT taxes are not affected by the income tax holiday. 

 

Deferred Income

 

Deferred income consists primarily of government grants and subsidies for supporting the Company’s technology innovation and transformation of boric acid, lithium and magnesium sulfate projects. The Company uses most of the subsidies to purchase machinery and equipment. Deferred income is amortized to revenue (other income) over the life of the assets for which the grant and subsidy was used for. Subsidies for declared project fund require government inspection to ensure proper use of the funds for the designated project.

 

Foreign Currency Translation and Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

The accounts of the US parent company are maintained in USD. The functional currency of the Company’s China subsidiaries is the Chinese Yuan Renminbi (“RMB”). The accounts of the China subsidiaries were translated into USD in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 830, “Foreign Currency Matters.” According to FASB ASC Topic 830, all assets and liabilities were translated at the exchange rate on the balance sheet date; stockholders’ equity was translated at the historical rates and statement of operations items were translated at the average exchange rate for the period. The resulting translation adjustments are reported under other comprehensive income in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 220, “Comprehensive Income.”

 

Noncontrolling Interests

 

The Company follows FASB ASC Topic 810, “Consolidation,”  governing the accounting for and reporting of noncontrolling interests (“NCIs”) in partially owned consolidated subsidiaries and the loss of control of subsidiaries. Certain provisions of this standard indicate, among other things, that non-controlling interests (previously referred to as minority interests) be treated as a separate component of equity, not as a liability, that increases and decreases in the parent’s ownership interest that leave control intact be treated as equity transactions rather than as step acquisitions or dilution gains or losses, and that losses of a partially-owned consolidated subsidiary be allocated to non-controlling interests even when such allocation might result in a deficit balance. 

 

The net income (loss) attributed to non-controlling interests was separately designated in the accompanying statements of operation and comprehensive income (loss). Losses attributable to non-controlling interests in a subsidiary may exceed an non-controlling interest’s interests in the subsidiary’s equity. The excess attributable to non-controlling interests is attributed to those interests. Non-controlling interests shall continue to be attributed their share of losses even if that attribution results in a deficit non-controlling interests balance.

 

On April 15, 2020, Qinghai Technology and Xi’an Jinzang formed a joint venture company Qinghai Zhongli to process brine supplied by Qinghai Technology. Qinghai Technology owns 51% of the JV and Xi’ Jinzang owns the remaining 49%. During the nine and three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company had loss of $8,554 and $5,809 that were attributable to the noncontrolling interest.

 

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326), which requires entities to measure all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This replaces the existing incurred loss model and is applicable to the measurement of credit losses on financial assets measured at amortized cost. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2022. Early application will be permitted for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the standard will have on its CFS.

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes, eliminates certain exceptions within FASB ASC 740, Income Taxes, and clarifies certain aspects of the current guidance to promote consistent application among reporting entities. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. Upon adoption, the Company must apply certain aspects of this standard retrospectively for all periods presented while other aspects are applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The Company is evaluating the impact this update will have on its CFS.

 

Results of Operations

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019

 

The following table sets forth the consolidated results of our operations for the periods indicated as a percentage of net sales, certain columns may not add due to rounding.

 

   

2020

   

% of Sales

   

2019

   

% of Sales

 

Sales

  $ 5,660,182             $ 5,092,082          

Cost of sales

    5,031,305       88.9

%

    4,233,772       83.1

%

Gross profit

    628,877       11.1

%

    858,310       16.9

%

Selling expenses

    125,407       2.2

%

    279,755       5.5

%

General and administrative expenses

    922,681       16.3

%

    550,506       10.8

%

Total operating expenses

    1,048,088       18.5

%

    830,261       16.3

%

Income (loss) from operations

    (419,211 )     (7.4

%)

    28,049       0.6

%

Other income

    181,845       3.2

%

    361,434       7.1

%

Income (loss) before income taxes

    (237,366 )     (4.2

%)

    389,483       7.6

%

Income tax expense

    47,117       0.8

%

    106,127       2.1

%

Income (loss) from continuing operations

    (284,483 )     (5.0

%

    283,356       5.6

%

Gain on disposal of discontinued operation, net of tax

                    5,666,187       111.3

%

Loss from operations of discontinued entities, net of tax

    -       -

%

    (215,835 )     (4.2

%)

Income (loss) before noncontrolling interest

    (284,483 )     (5.0

%)

    5,733,708       112.6

%

Less: loss attributable to noncontrolling interest from continuing operation

    (8,554 )     (0.1

%)

    -       -

%

Net income (loss)

  $ (275,929 )     (4.9

%)

  $ 5,733,708       112.6

%

   

Sales

 

Sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $5,660,182 and $5,092,082, respectively, an increase of $568,100 or 11.2%. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company’s sales to Dingjia, a related party company 90% owned by the son of the major shareholder of the Company (also the Chairman of the Company), was $202,130 and $112,855, respectively. Due to the outbreak of COVID19 and related logistic restriction, our sales was decreased during the first quarter of 2020; to facilitate sales, we reduced our selling price by RMB 50 ($7) per tonne to certain customers, and we developed new customers during the second and third quarter of 2020, which mitigated the decreased sales from the first quarter. In addition, in September 2020, we increased our selling price by RMB 50-150 ($7.3 - $22) per tonne due to increased market prices, these factors resulted an overall increased sales by 11.2% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

 

 

Cost of sales

 

Cost of sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $5,031,305 and $4,233,772, respectively, an increase of $797,533 or 18.8%. The increase was mainly due to increased sales. The cost of sales as a percentage of sales was 88.9% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared with 83.1% for 2019. The increase in cost of sales as a percentage of sales was mainly due to increased average cost of production. Due to COVID-19 outbreak, our factory was reopened one month later than originally planned, and we did not resume the production one week after the factory reopened due to the drought of master liquid pool resulting from the longer period of shutdown of the machine, we spent additional days and had extra acid and mineral consumption to cultivate the concentration level of master liquid pool. In addition, from July to September 2020, we started acquiring boron rock from Tibet to produce boric acid to increase our productivity. The Tibet boron rock has higher grade of the mineral deposit and thus the high unit cost, which resulted the increased raw material cost of boric acid production. However, since we are in the beginning and testing stage for using the Tibet boron rock, increased output has not yet occurred thus causing a higher cost per tonne refined. 

 

Gross profit

 

Gross profit for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $628,877 and $858,310, respectively, a decrease of $229,433 or 26.7%. The profit margin was 11.1% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 16.9% for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the decrease in profit margin was mainly due to increase production cost per tonne as described above.

 

Operating expenses

 

Selling expenses consist mainly of salespersons’ salaries and freight out. Selling expense were $125,407 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, compared to $279,755 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, a decrease of $154,348 or 55.2%, mainly resulting from decreased freight out expense of $56,000 and decreased salespersons’ salaries of $98,500.

 

General and administrative expenses consist mainly of salary, R&D, office, welfare, business meeting, maintenance, and utilities. General and administrative expenses were $922,681 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, compared to $550,506 for the nine months ended September 30 2019, an increase of $372,175 or 67.6%, mainly resulting from increased officer salary of $360,000.

 

Other income

 

Other income was $181,845 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, compared to $361,434 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, a decrease of $179,589 or 49.7%. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, other income mainly consisted of subsidy income of $143,726 and other income of $39,651. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, other income mainly consisted of subsidy income of $365,327.

 

Government provides grants and subsidies to support the Company’s technology innovation and transformation of boric acid, lithium and magnesium sulfate projects. The Company uses most of the subsidies to purchase machinery and equipment, which is amortized to revenue (other income) over the life of the assets for which the grant and subsidy was used for. Subsidies for declared project fund require government inspection to ensure proper use of the funds for the designated project.

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations

 

Loss from continuing operations was $284,483 loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, compared to net income of $283,356 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The $567,839 or 200.4% increase in loss from continuing operations was mainly due to decreased gross profit by $229,433 and increased operating expense by $217,827. 

 

Gain on disposal of discontinued entities

 

Gain from disposal of subsidiaries was $5,666,187 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. On September 30, 2019, Heat HP, Inc. and Heat PHE, Inc, our wholly owned subsidiaries, sold their respective equity interests in Jinhui, SmartHeat Investment, SmartHeat Trading, SmartHeat Pump and Heat Exchange for $353.  

 

Loss from operations of discontinued entities

 

Loss from operations of discontinued entities was $215,835 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, which was the operations from Jinhui, SmartHeat Investment, SmartHeat Trading, SmartHeat Pump and Heat Exchange, the Company sold these entities on September 30, 2019.

 

 

Net loss

 

We had a net loss of $275,929 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, compared to net income $5,733,708 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, an increase of net loss by $6,009,637 or 104.8%. The increase in our net loss mainly resulted from the reasons described above. 

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2020 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2019

 

The following table sets forth the consolidated results of our operations for the periods indicated as a percentage of net sales, certain columns may not add due to rounding.

 

   

2020

   

% of Sales

   

2019

   

% of Sales

 

Sales

  $ 2,330,292             $ 1,883,327          

Cost of sales

    2,126,770       91.3

%

    1,533,599       81.4

%

Gross profit

    203,522       8.7

%

    349,728       18.6

%

Selling expenses

    39,858       1.7

%

    85,568