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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - Air Transport Services Group, Inc.ex322atsg-2018630x10q.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - Air Transport Services Group, Inc.ex321atsg-2018630x10q.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - Air Transport Services Group, Inc.ex312atsg-2018630x10q.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - Air Transport Services Group, Inc.ex311atsg-2018630x10q.htm
EX-3.1 - EXHIBIT 3.1 - Air Transport Services Group, Inc.ex31restatedcertificateofi.htm


 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 ________________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q

x    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018
o    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________ to ________

Commission file number 000-50368
________________________________________________________________
atsglogocolora24.jpg
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
________________________________________________________________
Delaware
 
26-1631624
(State of Incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
145 Hunter Drive, Wilmington, OH
 
45177
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)

937-382-5591
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 ________________________________________________________________

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES x NO o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). YES x NO o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
  
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company o
Emerging growth company o
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). YES o NO  x
As of August 8, 2018, 59,080,387 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01, were outstanding.

 
 
 
 
 







AIR TRANSPORT SERVICES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
Page
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
  
 
  
 
  
 
  
 
  
 
  
Item 2.
 
Item 3.
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
  
Item 1A.
  
Item 2.
  
Item 5.
  
Item 6.
  





FILINGS WITH THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
The financial information, including the financial statements, included in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the Company's audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 1, 2018.
The Securities and Exchange Commission maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding Air Transport Services Group, Inc. at www.sec.gov. Additionally, our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to these reports, are available free of charge from our website at www.atsginc.com as soon as reasonably practicable after filing with the SEC.

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS
Statements contained in this Quarterly report on Form 10-Q that are not historical facts are considered forward-looking statements (as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995). Words such as “future,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “can,” “may,” and similar terms and expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on expectations, estimates and projections as of the date of this filing, and involve risks and uncertainties that are inherently difficult to predict. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements for any number of reasons, including those described in this report and in our 2017 Annual Report filed on Form 10-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission.





PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
AIR TRANSPORT SERVICES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
REVENUES
$
203,607

 
$
253,211

 
$
406,647

 
$
491,128

OPERATING EXPENSES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salaries, wages and benefits
74,049

 
65,833

 
144,832

 
138,319

Depreciation and amortization
41,620

 
37,781

 
81,624

 
74,223

Maintenance, materials and repairs
36,817

 
37,588

 
73,683

 
67,870

Fuel
5,913

 
32,258

 
11,701

 
67,099

Contracted ground and aviation services
2,444

 
32,151

 
4,828

 
52,838

Travel
7,288

 
6,820

 
13,920

 
14,186

Landing and ramp
1,311

 
4,357

 
2,459

 
9,656

Rent
3,760

 
3,753

 
6,990

 
7,039

Insurance
1,420

 
955

 
2,777

 
2,217

Other operating expenses
5,087

 
8,590

 
12,292

 
16,626

 
179,709

 
230,086

 
355,106

 
450,073

OPERATING INCOME
23,898

 
23,125

 
51,541

 
41,055

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
54

 
16

 
77

 
48

Non-service component of retiree benefit costs
2,045

 
(177
)
 
4,090

 
(354
)
Net gain (loss) on financial instruments
11,697

 
(67,649
)
 
10,812

 
(65,780
)
Loss from non-consolidated affiliate
(2,417
)
 

 
(4,953
)
 

Interest expense
(5,366
)
 
(3,759
)
 
(10,728
)
 
(7,307
)
 
6,013

 
(71,569
)
 
(702
)
 
(73,393
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EARNINGS (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAXES
29,911

 
(48,444
)
 
50,839

 
(32,338
)
INCOME TAX EXPENSE
(5,447
)
 
(5,474
)
 
(10,693
)
 
(11,784
)
EARNINGS (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
24,464

 
(53,918
)
 
40,146

 
(44,122
)
EARNINGS FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS, NET OF TAXES
170

 
192

 
366

 
384

NET EARNINGS (LOSS)
$
24,634

 
$
(53,726
)
 
$
40,512

 
$
(43,738
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
BASIC EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.42

 
$
(0.91
)
 
$
0.68

 
$
(0.75
)
Discontinued operations

 

 
0.01

 
0.01

TOTAL BASIC EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE
$
0.42

 
$
(0.91
)
 
$
0.69

 
$
(0.74
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DILUTED EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.21

 
$
(0.91
)
 
$
0.48

 
$
(0.75
)
Discontinued operations

 

 

 
0.01

TOTAL DILUTED EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE
$
0.21

 
$
(0.91
)
 
$
0.48

 
$
(0.74
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
58,739

 
59,035

 
58,790

 
59,084

Diluted
68,363

 
59,035

 
68,784

 
59,084


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


AIR TRANSPORT SERVICES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30
 
June 30
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
NET EARNINGS (LOSS)
$
24,634

 
$
(53,726
)
 
$
40,512

 
$
(43,738
)
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Defined Benefit Pension
687

 
1,235

 
1,374

 
2,469

Defined Benefit Post-Retirement
42

 
37

 
84

 
74

Foreign Currency Translation
(123
)
 
99

 
(139
)
 
136

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS), net of tax
$
25,240

 
$
(52,355
)
 
$
41,831

 
$
(41,059
)

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


5


AIR TRANSPORT SERVICES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share data)
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
2018
 
2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
31,704

 
$
32,699

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $1,130 in 2018 and $2,445 in 2017
100,805

 
109,114

Inventory
24,147

 
22,169

Prepaid supplies and other
13,017

 
20,521

TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS
169,673

 
184,503

Property and equipment, net
1,200,997

 
1,159,962

Lease incentive
72,232

 
80,684

Goodwill and acquired intangibles
43,999

 
44,577

Convertible note hedges

 
53,683

Other assets
30,573

 
25,435

TOTAL ASSETS
$
1,517,474

 
$
1,548,844

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
85,691

 
$
99,728

Accrued salaries, wages and benefits
34,189

 
40,127

Accrued expenses
10,833

 
10,455

Current portion of debt obligations
14,860

 
18,512

Unearned revenue
15,022

 
15,850

TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES
160,595

 
184,672

Long term debt
505,853

 
497,246

Convertible note obligations

 
54,359

Stock warrant obligations
203,426

 
211,136

Post-retirement obligations
53,032

 
61,355

Other liabilities
45,417

 
45,353

Deferred income taxes
113,571

 
99,444

TOTAL LIABILITIES
1,081,894

 
1,153,565

Commitments and contingencies (Note H)

 

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, 20,000,000 shares authorized, including 75,000 Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock

 

Common stock, par value $0.01 per share; 110,000,000 shares authorized; 59,080,387 and 59,057,195 shares issued and outstanding in 2018 and 2017, respectively
591

 
591

Additional paid-in capital
469,412

 
471,456

Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)
27,278

 
(13,748
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(61,701
)
 
(63,020
)
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
435,580

 
395,279

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
$
1,517,474

 
$
1,548,844

 
 
 
 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


AIR TRANSPORT SERVICES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30
 
2018
 
2017
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss) from continuing operations
$
40,146

 
$
(44,122
)
Net earnings from discontinued operations
366

 
384

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
94,270

 
80,097

Pension and post-retirement
1,884

 
3,990

Deferred income taxes
10,475

 
11,454

Amortization of stock-based compensation
2,304

 
1,710

Net (gain) loss on financial instruments
(10,812
)
 
65,780

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
11,006

 
1,905

Inventory and prepaid supplies
3,433

 
(1,822
)
Accounts payable
(2,067
)
 
14,244

Unearned revenue
(1,504
)
 
1,807

Accrued expenses, salaries, wages, benefits and other liabilities
(3,406
)
 
(6,793
)
Pension and post-retirement assets
(8,323
)
 
(5,847
)
Other
4,211

 
1,991

NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES
141,983

 
124,778

INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(150,816
)
 
(144,325
)
Proceeds from property and equipment
17,452

 

Acquisitions and investments in businesses
(5,150
)
 
(646
)
Redemption of long term deposits

 
9,975

NET CASH (USED IN) INVESTING ACTIVITIES
(138,514
)
 
(134,996
)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Principal payments on long term obligations
(29,140
)
 
(20,500
)
Proceeds from borrowings
30,000

 
90,000

Payments for financing costs
(414
)
 

Purchase of common stock
(3,581
)
 
(11,184
)
Withholding taxes paid for conversion of employee stock awards
(1,329
)
 
(1,436
)
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES
(4,464
)
 
56,880

 
 
 
 
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
(995
)
 
46,662

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF YEAR
32,699

 
16,358

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD
$
31,704

 
$
63,020

 
 
 
 
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
 
 
 
Interest paid, net of amount capitalized
$
6,450

 
$
7,101

Federal alternative minimum and state income taxes paid
$
806

 
$
1,220

SUPPLEMENTAL NON-CASH INFORMATION:
 
 
 
Accrued capital expenditures
$
18,755

 
$
12,615

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

7


AIR TRANSPORT SERVICES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE A—SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL STATEMENT PREPARATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Nature of Operations
Air Transport Services Group, Inc. is a holding company whose subsidiaries primarily operate within the airfreight and logistics industry. The Company leases aircraft and provides airline operations, ground services, aircraft modification and maintenance services and other support services. The Company's subsidiaries offer a range of complementary services to delivery companies, freight forwarders, airlines and government customers.
The Company's leasing subsidiary, Cargo Aircraft Management, Inc. (“CAM”), leases aircraft to each of the Company's airlines as well as to non-affiliated airlines and other lessees. The airlines, ABX Air, Inc. (“ABX”) and Air Transport International, Inc. (“ATI”), each have the authority, through their separate U.S. Department of Transportation ("DOT") and Federal Aviation Administration ("FAA") certificates, to transport cargo worldwide. The Company's airlines provide a combination of aircraft, crews, maintenance and insurance services for a customer's transportation network through "CMI" and "ACMI" agreements and through charter contracts in which aviation fuel is also included. ATI provides passenger transportation, primarily to the U.S. Military, using "combi" aircraft, which are certified to carry passengers as well as cargo on the main deck. Through its subsidiary Airborne Maintenance and Engineering Services, Inc. ("AMES"), the Company provides aircraft maintenance and modification services. In addition, the Company provides ground equipment maintenance and operates mail and package sorting facilities.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and such principles are applied on a basis consistent with the financial statements reflected in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC related to interim financial statements. In the opinion of management, the accompanying financial statements contain all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s results of operations and financial position for the periods presented. Due to seasonal fluctuations, among other factors common to the air cargo industry, the results of operations for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for the entire year or any interim period. The preparation of consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements. The accounting estimates reflect the best judgment of management, but actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Air Transport Services Group, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. Investments in affiliates in which the Company has significant influence but does not exercise control are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. Using the equity method, the Company’s share of the nonconsolidated affiliates' income or loss is recognized in the consolidated statement of earnings and cumulative post-acquisition changes in the investment are adjusted against the carrying amount of the investment. Inter-company balances and transactions are eliminated.
Accounting Standards Updates
Effective January 1, 2018 the Company adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board's ("FASB") Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)” ("Topic 606”) which superseded previous revenue recognition guidance. Topic 606 is a comprehensive new revenue recognition model that requires a company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to a customer at an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The Company's lease revenues within the scope of ASC 840, Leases, are specifically excluded from Topic 606.

8


The Company adopted the standard using a modified retrospective approach, under which financial statements are prepared under the revised guidance for the year of adoption, but not for prior years. Under this method, entities recognize a cumulative catch-up adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings at the effective date for open contract performance at that time. The Company's adoption efforts included the identification of revenue within the scope of the standard, the evaluation of customer contracts in conjunction with new guidance and an assessment of the qualitative and quantitative impacts of the new standard on its financial statements. The evaluation included the application of each of the five steps identified in the Topic 606 revenue recognition model.
The Company determined that under Topic 606, it is an agent for aviation fuel and certain other costs reimbursed by customers under its ACMI and CMI contracts and for certain cargo handling services that it arranges for a customer. Under the new revenue standard, such reimbursed amounts are reported net of the corresponding expenses beginning in 2018. This application of Topic 606 did not have a material impact on the Company's reported earnings in any period. Additionally under Topic 606, the Company is required to record revenue over time, instead of at the time of completion, for certain customer contracts for airframe and modification services that do not have an alternative use and for which the Company has an enforceable right to payment during the service cycle. The Company adopted the provisions of this new standard using the modified retrospective method which requires the Company to record a one time adjustment to retained deficit for the cumulative effect that the standard has on open contracts at the time of adoption. Upon adoption of the new standard the Company accelerated $3.6 million of revenue resulting in an immaterial adjustment to its January 1, 2018 retained deficit for open airframe and modification services contracts.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU "Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment" (“ASU 2017-04”). This new standard eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test and requires an entity to perform its goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity recognizes an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. ASU 2017-04 is effective for any annual or interim goodwill impairment tests in the fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and must be applied prospectively. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company adopted this new accounting guidance in January of 2018. The adoption did not have an impact on the Company's financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU "Compensation - Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost "(ASU 2017-07"). ASU 2017-07 requires an employer to report the service cost component of retiree benefits in the same line item or items as other compensation costs arising from services rendered by the pertinent employees during the period. The other components of net benefit cost are required to be presented separately from the service cost component and outside a subtotal of income from operations. The Company adopted ASU 2017-07 on January 1, 2018, retrospectively to all periods presented. As a result, retiree benefit plan interest expense, investment returns, settlements and other non-service cost components of retiree benefit expenses are excluded from the Company's operating income subtotal as reported in the Company's Consolidated Statement of Operations, but remain included in earnings before income taxes. Information about retiree benefit plans' interest expense, investment returns and other components of retiree benefit expenses can be found in Note I.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU "Leases (Topic 842)" ("ASU 2016-02"), which will require the recognition of right to-use-assets and lease liabilities for leases previously classified as operating leases by lessees. The standard will take effect for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim reporting periods. Early application will be permitted for all entities. In addition, the FASB has decided to require a lessee to apply a modified retrospective transition approach for capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements (the date of initial application). The modified retrospective approach would not require any transition accounting for leases that expired before the date of initial application. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the standard on its financial statements and disclosures.

9


In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU “Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects From Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income" ("ASU 2018-02"). ASU 2018-02 amends ASC 220, Income Statement — Reporting Comprehensive Income, to allow a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from U.S. federal tax legislation known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. In addition, under the ASU 2018-02, a Company will be required to provide certain disclosures regarding stranded tax effects. ASU 2018-02 is effective for years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the standard on its financial statements and disclosures.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU “Improvements to Non-employee Share-based Payment Accounting" ("ASU 2018-07"). ASU 2018-07 amends ASC 718, "Compensation - Stock Compensation" ("ASC 718"), to simplify the accounting for share-based payments granted to non-employees for goods and services. ASU 2018-07 supersedes ASC 505-50, "Equity-Based Payments to Non-employees" ("ASC 505-50"). ASU 2018-07 aligns much of the accounting for share-based payments granted to non-employees for goods and services with the accounting for share-based payments granted to employees. ASU 2018-07 is effective for years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. Companies will apply the new guidance to equity-classified non-employee awards for which a measurement date has not been established and liability-classified non-employee awards that have not been settled as of the date of adoption by recognizing a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the annual period of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the standard on its financial statements and disclosures.

NOTE B—SIGNIFICANT CUSTOMERS
DHL
The Company has had long term contracts with DHL Network Operations (USA), Inc. and its affiliates ("DHL") since August 2003. Revenues from aircraft leases and related services performed for DHL were approximately 28% and 28% of the Company's consolidated revenues from continuing operations for the three and six month periods ending June 30, 2018, respectively, compared to 25% and 26% for the corresponding periods of 2017. Revenues excluding directly reimbursed expenses from continuing operations performed for DHL comprised approximately 30% and 30% of the Company's consolidated revenues from continuing operations for the three and six month periods ending June 30, 2017. The Company’s balance sheets include accounts receivable with DHL of $10.7 million and $15.7 million as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
The Company leases Boeing 767 aircraft to DHL under both long-term and short-term lease agreements. Under a separate crew, maintenance and insurance (“CMI”) agreement, the Company operates Boeing 767 aircraft that DHL leases from the Company. Pricing for services provided through the CMI agreement is based on pre-defined fees, scaled for the number of aircraft operated and the number of flight crews provided to DHL for its U.S. network. The Company provides DHL with scheduled maintenance services for aircraft that DHL leases. The Company also provides Boeing 767 and Boeing 757 air cargo transportation services for DHL through additional ACMI agreements in which the Company provides the aircraft, crews, maintenance and insurance under a single contract. Revenues generated from the ACMI agreements are typically based on hours flown. The Company also provides ground equipment, such as power units, air starts and related maintenance services to DHL under separate agreements.
Amazon
The Company has been providing freighter aircraft and services for cargo handling and logistical support for Amazon.com Services, Inc. ("ASI"), successor to Amazon Fulfillment Services, Inc., a subsidiary of Amazon.com, Inc. ("Amazon") since September 2015. On March 8, 2016, the Company entered into an Air Transportation Services Agreement (the “ATSA”) with ASI, pursuant to which CAM leases 20 Boeing 767 freighter aircraft to ASI, including 12 Boeing 767-200 freighter aircraft for a term of five years and eight Boeing 767-300 freighter aircraft for a term of seven years. The ATSA also provides for the operation of those aircraft by the Company’s airline subsidiaries, and the management of ground services by the Company's subsidiary LGSTX Services Inc. ("LGSTX"). The ATSA became effective on April 1, 2016 and has a term of five years. CAM owns all 20 of the Boeing 767 aircraft that are leased and operated under the ATSA.

10


Revenues from continuing operations performed for Amazon comprised approximately 29% and 29% of the Company's consolidated revenues from continuing operations for the three and six month periods ending June 30, 2018, respectively, compared to 42% and 41% for the corresponding periods of 2017. Revenues excluding directly reimbursed expenses from continuing operations performed for Amazon comprised approximately 26% and 26% of the Company's consolidated revenues from continuing operations for the three and six month period ending June 30, 2017. The Company’s balance sheets include accounts receivable with Amazon of $34.5 million and $44.2 million as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
In conjunction with the execution of the ATSA, the Company and Amazon entered into an Investment Agreement and a Stockholders Agreement on March 8, 2016. The Investment Agreement calls for the Company to issue warrants in three tranches which will grant Amazon the right to acquire up to 19.9% of the Company’s outstanding common shares as described below. The first tranche of warrants, issued upon the execution of the Investment Agreement and all of which are now fully vested, granted Amazon the right to purchase approximately 12.81 million ATSG common shares, with the first 7.69 million common shares vesting upon issuance on March 8, 2016, and the remaining 5.12 million common shares vesting as the Company delivered additional aircraft leased under the ATSA. The second tranche of warrants, which were issued and vested on March 8, 2018, grants Amazon the right to purchase approximately 1.59 million ATSG common shares. The third tranche of warrants will be issued and vest on September 8, 2020, and will grant Amazon the right to purchase such additional number of ATSG common shares as is necessary to bring Amazon’s ownership to 19.9% of the Company’s pre-transaction outstanding common shares measured on a GAAP-diluted basis, adjusted for share issuances and repurchases by the Company following the date of the Investment Agreement and after giving effect to the warrants granted. The exercise price of the warrants is $9.73 per share, which represents the closing price of ATSG’s common shares on February 9, 2016. Each of the three tranches of warrants are exercisable in accordance with its terms through March 8, 2021. The Company anticipates making available the common shares required for the underlying warrants through a combination of share repurchases and the issuance of additional shares.
The Company’s accounting for the warrants has been determined in accordance with the financial reporting guidance for equity-based payments to non-employees and for financial instruments. The warrants issued to Amazon as of March 8, 2016, were recorded to stockholders equity, having a fair value of $4.89 per share. At that time, the fair value of the 7.69 million vested warrants issued to Amazon was recorded as a lease incentive asset and is being amortized against revenues over the duration of the aircraft leases. On May 12, 2016, the Company’s stockholders approved an amendment to the Certificate of Incorporation of the Company at the annual meeting of stockholders to increase the number of authorized common shares and to approve the warrants in full as required under the rules of the Nasdaq Global Select Market. The stockholders' approval enabled features of the warrants that required the vested warrants of the first tranche and the warrants of the second and third tranches to be classified as financial instruments as of May 12, 2016. Accordingly, the fair value of those warrants was measured and classified in liabilities on that date. Since May 12, 2016, 5.12 million additional warrants in the first tranche vested in conjunction with the execution of eight aircraft leases. As of June 30, 2018, the Company's liabilities reflected 14.83 million warrants having a fair value of $13.72 per share. The re-measurements of the warrants to fair value resulted in non-operating gains before the effect of income taxes of $10.8 million and $7.7 million for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018, respectively, compared to non-operating losses of $67.3 million and $65.6 million for the corresponding periods of 2017.
The Company's earnings in future periods will be impacted by the number of warrants granted, the re-measurements of warrant fair value, amortizations of the lease incentive asset and the related income tax effects. For income tax calculations, the value and timing of related tax deductions will differ from the guidance described above for financial reporting.

11


U.S. Military
A substantial portion of the Company's revenues is also derived from the U.S. Military. The U.S. Military awards flights to U.S. certificated airlines through annual contracts and through temporary "expansion" routes. Revenues from services performed for the U.S. Military were approximately 11% and 11% of the Company's total revenues from continuing operations for the three and six month periods ending June 30, 2018, respectively, compared to 7% and 7% for the corresponding periods of 2017. Revenues excluding directly reimbursed expenses from continuing operations performed for the U.S. Military comprised approximately 10% and 10% of the Company's consolidated revenues from continuing operations for the three and six month periods ending June 30, 2017. The Company's balance sheets included accounts receivable with the U.S. Military of 6.0 million and 6.7 million as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

NOTE C—GOODWILL, INTANGIBLES AND EQUITY INVESTMENTS
The Company's assets for CAM and the MRO Services segments each include goodwill. An annual impairment test was performed for each, respectively, at December, 31, 2017 using industry market multiples and discounted cash flows utilizing a market-derived rate of return (level 3 fair value inputs). Goodwill was not impaired.
The carrying amounts of goodwill are as follows (in thousands):
 
 
CAM
 
MRO Services
 
Total
Carrying value as of December 31, 2017
 
$
34,395

 
$
2,884

 
$
37,279

Carrying value as of June 30, 2018
 
$
34,395

 
$
2,884

 
$
37,279

The Company's acquired intangible assets are as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Airline
 
Amortizing
 
 
 
 
Certificates
 
Intangibles
 
Total
Carrying value as of December 31, 2017
 
$
3,000

 
$
4,298

 
$
7,298

Amortization
 

 
(578
)
 
(578
)
Carrying value as of June 30, 2018
 
$
3,000

 
$
3,720

 
$
6,720

The airline certificates have an indefinite life and therefore are not amortized. The Company amortizes finite-lived intangibles assets, including customer relationship and STC intangibles, over 4 to 7 years.
Stock warrants issued to a lessee (see Note B) as an incentive are recorded as a lease incentive asset using their fair value at the time that the lessee has met its performance obligation and amortized against revenues over the duration of related aircraft leases. The Company's lease incentive granted to the lessee was as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Lease
 
 
Incentive
Carrying value as of December 31, 2017
 
$
80,684

Amortization
 
(8,452
)
Carrying value as of June 30, 2018
 
$
72,232

The lease incentive began to amortize in April 2016, with the commencement of certain aircraft leases over the duration of the related leases.
In January 2014, the Company acquired a 25 percent equity interest in West Atlantic AB of Gothenburg, Sweden ("West") and in December 2017, the Company entered into a preferred equity instrument. West, through its two airlines, Atlantic Airlines Ltd. and West Air Sweden AB, operates a fleet of aircraft on behalf of European regional mail carriers and express logistics providers. The airlines operate a combined fleet of British Aerospace ATPs, Bombardier CRJ-200-PFs, and Boeing 767 and 737 aircraft. West leases three Boeing 767 aircraft and two Boeing 737 from the Company. The Company’s carrying value of West was $7.7 million and $7.1 million at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017,

12



respectively, including $5.5 million of excess purchase price over the Company's fair value of West's net assets in January of 2014. The Company's equity interest and the preferred equity instrument are reflected in “Other Assets” in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
On August 3, 2017 the Company entered into a joint-venture agreement with Precision Aircraft Solutions, LLC, to develop a passenger-to-freighter conversion program for Airbus A321-200 aircraft. The Company anticipates approval of a supplemental type certificate from the FAA in 2019. The Company expects to make contributions equal to its 49% ownership percentage of the program's total costs over the next two years. The Company accounts for its investment in the joint venture under the equity method of accounting, in which the carrying value of the investment is reduced for the Company's share of the joint ventures operating losses. The carrying value of the joint venture, reflected in “Other Assets” in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets, was $5.8 million and $5.6 million at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

NOTE D—FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The Company’s money market funds and interest rate swaps are reported on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets at fair values based on market values from identical or comparable transactions. The fair value of the Company’s money market funds, stock warrant obligations, convertible note, convertible note hedges and interest rate swaps are based on observable inputs (Level 2) from comparable market transactions. The fair value of the stock warrant obligations were determined using a Black-Scholes pricing model which considers the Company’s common stock price and various assumptions, such as the volatility of the Company’s common stock, the expected dividend yield, and the risk-free interest rate. The fair value of the note conversion obligations and the convertible note hedges were estimated using a Black-Scholes pricing model and incorporate the terms and conditions of the underlying financial instruments. The valuations are, among other things, subject to changes in both the Company's credit worthiness and the counter-parties to the instruments as well as change in general market conditions. While the change in fair value of the note conversion obligations and the convertible note hedges are generally expected to move in opposite directions, the net change in any given period may be material.
The following table reflects assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis (in thousands):
 
As of June 30, 2018
Fair Value Measurement Using
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents—money market
$

 
$
20,835

 
$

 
$
20,835

Interest rate swap

 
4,992

 

 
4,992

Total Assets
$

 
$
25,827

 
$

 
$
25,827

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock warrant obligations

 
(203,426
)
 

 
(203,426
)
Total Liabilities
$

 
$
(203,426
)
 
$

 
$
(203,426
)

13


As of December 31, 2017
Fair Value Measurement Using
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents—money market
$

 
$
1,326

 
$

 
$
1,326

Interest rate swap

 
1,840

 

 
1,840

Convertible note hedges

 
53,683

 

 
53,683

Total Assets
$

 
$
56,849

 
$

 
$
56,849

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Note conversion obligations

 
(54,359
)
 

 
(54,359
)
Stock warrant obligation

 
(211,136
)
 

 
(211,136
)
Total Liabilities
$

 
$
(265,495
)
 
$

 
$
(265,495
)
As a result of higher market interest rates compared to the stated interest rates of the Company’s fixed rate debt obligations, the fair value of the Company’s debt obligations, based on Level 2 observable inputs, was approximately $7.7 million less than the carrying value, which was $520.7 million at June 30, 2018. As of December 31, 2017, the fair value of the Company’s debt obligations was approximately $9.1 million more than the carrying value, which was $515.8 million. The non-financial assets, including goodwill, intangible assets and property and equipment are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis.

NOTE E—PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
The Company's property and equipment consists primarily of cargo aircraft, aircraft engines and other flight equipment. Property and equipment, to be held and used, is summarized as follows (in thousands):
 
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Flight equipment
$
1,870,120

 
$
1,801,808

Ground equipment
54,165

 
53,523

Leasehold improvements, facilities and office equipment
28,660

 
26,897

Aircraft modifications and projects in progress
148,999

 
121,760

 
2,101,944

 
2,003,988

Accumulated depreciation
(900,947
)
 
(844,026
)
Property and equipment, net
$
1,200,997

 
$
1,159,962

CAM owned aircraft with a carrying value of $751.1 million and $697.4 million that were under leases to external customers as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
The Company’s accounting policy for major airframe and engine maintenance varies by subsidiary and aircraft type. The costs of airframe maintenance for Boeing 767-200 operated by ABX are expensed as they are incurred. The costs of major airframe maintenance for the Company's other aircraft are capitalized and amortized over the useful life of the overhaul. Many of the Company's General Electric CF6 engines that power the Boeing 767-200 aircraft are maintained under “power by the hour” and "power by the cycle" agreements with an engine maintenance provider. Further, in May 2017, the Company entered into similar maintenance agreements for certain General Electric CF6 engines that power many of the Company's Boeing 767-300 aircraft. Under these agreements, the engines are maintained by the service provider for a fixed fee per cycle and/or flight hour. As a result, the cost of maintenance for these engines is generally expensed as flights occur. During their term, these maintenance agreements contain provisions for a minimum level of flight activity. Maintenance for the airlines’ other aircraft engines, including those powering Boeing 757 aircraft, are typically contracted to service providers on a time and material basis and the costs of those engine overhauls are capitalized and amortized over the useful life of the overhaul.


14


NOTE F—DEBT OBLIGATIONS
Debt obligations consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Unsubordinated term loan
$
63,061

 
$
70,568

Revolving credit facility
257,000

 
245,000

Aircraft loans

 
3,640

Convertible debt
200,652

 
196,550

Total debt obligations
520,713

 
515,758

Less: current portion
(14,860
)
 
(18,512
)
Total long term obligations, net
$
505,853

 
$
497,246

The Company executed a syndicated credit agreement ("Senior Credit Agreement") in May 2011 which includes an unsubordinated term loan and a revolving credit facility which has a capacity of $545.0 million. The Senior Credit Agreement expires May 30, 2023. Each year, through May 6, 2019, the Company may request a one year extension of the final maturity date, subject to the lenders' consent. The Senior Credit Agreement permits additional indebtedness of up to $300.0 million for the convertible debt. The Senior Credit Agreement limits the amount of dividends the Company can pay and the amount of common stock it can repurchase to $100.0 million during any calender year, provided the Company's total secured debt to earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization expenses ("EBITDA") ratio is under 3.00 times, after giving effect to the dividend or repurchase. As of June 30, 2018, the unused revolving credit facility totaled $278.8 million, net of draws of $257.0 million and outstanding letters of credit of $9.2 million. Additionally, the Senior Credit Agreement includes an accordion feature such that the Company can now draw up to an additional $100.0 million subject to the lenders' consent.
The Senior Credit Agreement is collateralized by certain of the Company's Boeing 767 and 757 aircraft that are not collateralized under aircraft loans. Under the terms of the Senior Credit Agreement, the Company is required to maintain collateral coverage equal to 125% of the outstanding balance of the term loan and the maximum capacity of revolving credit facility or 150% of the outstanding balance of the term loan and the total funded revolving credit facility, whichever is less. The minimum collateral coverage which must be maintained is 50% of the outstanding balance of the term loan plus the revolving credit facility commitment which was $545.0 million.
The balance of the unsubordinated term loan is net of debt issuance costs of $0.7 million and $0.7 million for the periods ending June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Under the terms of the Senior Credit Agreement, interest rates are adjusted quarterly based on the Company's EBITDA, its outstanding debt level and prevailing LIBOR or prime rates. At the Company's current debt-to-EBITDA ratio, the LIBOR based financing for the unsubordinated term loan and revolving credit facility bear a variable interest rate of 3.6% and 3.6%, respectively. The aircraft loan was paid off by the Company in January 2018.
The Senior Credit Agreement contains covenants including, among other things, limitations on certain additional indebtedness, guarantees of indebtedness, as well as a total debt to EBITDA ratio and a fixed charge coverage ratio. The Senior Credit Agreement stipulates events of default, including unspecified events that may have material adverse effects on the Company. If an event of default occurs, the Company may be forced to repay, renegotiate or replace the Senior Credit Agreement.
In September 2017, the Company issued $258.8 million aggregate principal amount of 1.125% Convertible Senior Notes due 2024 ("Notes") in a private offering to qualified institutional buyers pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act. The Notes bear interest at a rate of 1.125% per year payable semi-annually in arrears on April 15 and October 15 each year, beginning April 15, 2018. The Notes mature on October 15, 2024, unless repurchased or converted in accordance with their terms prior to such date. The Notes are unsecured indebtedness, subordinated to the Company's existing and future secured indebtedness and other liabilities, including trade payables. Conversion of the Notes can only occur upon satisfaction of certain conditions and during certain periods, beginning in any calendar quarter commencing after December 31, 2017 and thereafter, until the close of business on the second scheduled trading day

15


immediately preceding the maturity date. Upon the occurrence of certain fundamental changes, holders of the Notes can require the Company to repurchase their notes at the cash repurchase price equal to the principal amount of the notes, plus any accrued and unpaid interest.
The Notes may be settled in cash, the Company’s common shares or a combination of cash and the Company’s common shares, at the Company’s election. The initial conversion rate is 31.3475 common shares per $1,000 principal amount of Notes (equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $31.90 per common share). If a “make-whole fundamental change” (as defined in the offering circular with the Notes) occurs, the Company will, in certain circumstances, increase the conversion rate for a specified period of time.
In conjunction with the Notes, the Company purchased convertible note hedges having the same number of the Company’s common shares, 8.1 million shares, and same strike price of $31.90, that underlie the Notes. The convertible note hedges are expected to reduce the potential equity dilution with respect to the Company's common stock, and/or offset any cash payments in excess of the principal amount due, as the case may be, upon conversion of the Notes. The Company's current intent and policy is to settle all Note conversions through a combination settlement which satisfies the principal amount of the Notes outstanding with cash. The Notes could have a dilutive effect on the computation of earnings per share in accordance with accounting principles to the extent that the average traded market price of the Company’s common shares for a reporting period exceeds the conversion price.
The conversion feature of the Notes required bifurcation from the principal amount under the applicable accounting guidance. Settlement provisions of the Notes and the convertible note hedges required cash settlement of these instruments until the Company's shareholders increased the number of authorized shares of common stock to cover the full number of shares underlying the Notes. As a result, the conversion feature of the Notes and the convertible note hedges were initially accounted for as liabilities and assets, respectively, and marked to market at the end of each period. On May 10, 2018, the Company's shareholders increased the number of authorized shares of common stock to cover the full number of shares underlying the Notes. The Company reevaluated the Notes and convertible note hedges under the applicable accounting guidance including ASC 815, "Derivatives and Hedging," and determined that the instruments, which meet the definition of derivative and are indexed to the Company's own stock, should be classified in shareholder's equity. The fair value of the the conversion feature of the Notes and the convertible note hedges of $51.3 million and $50.6 million, respectively on May 10, 2018 were reclassified to paid-in capital.
The Notes issuance costs and discount are being amortized to interest expense through October 2024, using an effective interest rate of approximately 5.15%. The carrying value of the Company's Convertible debt is shown below:
 
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
Principal value, Convertible Senior Notes, due 2024
 
258,750

 
258,750

Unamortized issuance costs

 
(6,255
)
 
(6,685
)
Unamortized discount

 
(51,843
)
 
(55,515
)
Convertible debt
 
200,652

 
196,550

In conjunction with the offering of the Notes, the Company also sold warrants to the convertible note hedge counterparties in separate, privately negotiated warrant transactions at a higher strike price and for the same number of the Company’s common shares, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments. The amount received for these warrants and recorded in paid-in capital on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets was $38.5 million. These warrants could have resulted in 8.1 million additional shares of the Company's common stock, if the Company's traded market price exceeded the strike price which is $41.35 per share and is subject to certain adjustments under the terms of the warrant transactions. The warrants could have a dilutive effect on the computation of earnings per share to the extent that the average traded market price of the Company’s common shares for a reporting period exceeds the strike price.


16


NOTE G—DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
The Company's Senior Credit Agreement requires the Company to maintain derivative instruments for protection from fluctuating interest rates, for at least fifty percent of the outstanding balance of the term loan. Accordingly, the Company entered into interest rate swaps. The table below provides information about the Company’s interest rate swaps (in thousands):
 
 
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Expiration Date
Stated
Interest
Rate
 
Notional
Amount
 
Market
Value
(Liability)
 
Notional
Amount
 
Market
Value
(Liability)
May 5, 2021
1.090
%
 
31,875

 
943

 
35,625

 
719

May 30, 2021
1.703
%
 
31,875

 
570

 
35,625

 
240

March 31, 2022
1.900
%
 
50,000

 
1,444

 
50,000

 
416

March 31, 2022
1.950
%
 
75,000

 
2,035

 
75,000

 
465

The outstanding interest rate swaps are not designated as hedges for accounting purposes. The effects of future fluctuations in LIBOR interest rates on derivatives held by the Company will result in the recording of unrealized gains and losses into the statement of operations. The Company recorded pre-tax gains on derivatives of $3.2 million and pre-tax losses of $0.2 million for the six month periods ending June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The liability for outstanding derivatives is recorded in other liabilities and in accrued expenses.
The Company recorded a net loss before the effects of income taxes of $0.1 million during the six month periods ending June 30, 2018 for the revaluation of the convertible note hedges and the note conversion obligations to fair value before these instruments were reclassified to paid-in capital.

NOTE H—COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Lease Commitments
The Company leases portions of the air park in Wilmington, Ohio, under lease agreements with a regional port authority, the terms of which expire in May of 2019 and June of 2036 with options to extend the leases. The leased facilities include corporate offices, 310,000 square feet of maintenance hangars and a 100,000 square foot component repair shop at the air park. ABX also has the non-exclusive right to use the airport, which includes one active runway, taxi ways and ramp space. The Company also leases and operates a 311,500 square foot, two hangar aircraft maintenance complex in Tampa, Florida. Additionally, the Company leases certain equipment and airport facilities, office space, and maintenance facilities at other locations. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company did not lease any aircraft from lessors.
Purchase Commitments
The Company has agreements with Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd. ("IAI") for the conversion of Boeing 767 passenger aircraft into a standard configured freighter aircraft. The conversions primarily consist of the installation of a standard cargo door and loading system. At June 30, 2018, the Company was committed to acquire and modify additional Boeing 767-300 passenger aircraft into standard freighter aircraft. In addition to five aircraft that were in the modification process at June 30, 2018, the Company is committed to induct two more aircraft into the freighter modification process through 2019, including commitments to purchase two more Boeing 767-300 passenger aircraft during the second half of 2018. As of June 30, 2018, the Company's commitments to complete the conversions of aircraft it owns or has the contracts to purchase totaled $79.8 million. Additionally, the Company could incur a cancellation fee for part kits for any aircraft that is not inducted into conversion at IAI.
Guarantees and Indemnifications
Certain leases and agreements of the Company contain guarantees and indemnification obligations to the lessor, or one or more other parties that are considered reasonable and customary (e.g. use, tax and environmental

17


indemnifications), the terms of which range in duration and are often limited. Such indemnification obligations may continue after expiration of the respective lease or agreement.
Other
In addition to the foregoing matters, the Company is also a party to legal proceedings in various federal and state jurisdictions from time to time arising out of the operation of the Company's business. The amount of alleged liability, if any, from these proceedings cannot be determined with certainty; however, the Company believes that its ultimate liability, if any, arising from pending legal proceedings, as well as from asserted legal claims and known potential legal claims which are probable of assertion, taking into account established accruals for estimated liabilities, should not be material to our financial condition or results of operations.
Employees Under Collective Bargaining Agreements
As of June 30, 2018, the flight crewmember employees of ABX and ATI and flight attendant employees of ATI were represented by the labor unions listed below:
Airline
Labor Agreement Unit
Percentage of
the Company’s
Employees
ABX
International Brotherhood of Teamsters
7.6%
ATI
Air Line Pilots Association
6.9%
ATI
Association of Flight Attendants
1.1%

NOTE I—PENSION AND OTHER POST-RETIREMENT BENEFIT PLANS
Defined Benefit and Post-retirement Healthcare Plans
ABX sponsors a qualified defined benefit pension plan for ABX crewmembers and a qualified defined benefit pension plan for a major portion of its other ABX employees that meet minimum eligibility requirements. ABX also sponsors non-qualified defined benefit pension plans for certain employees. These non-qualified plans are unfunded. Employees are no longer accruing benefits under any of the defined benefit pension plans. ABX also sponsors a post-retirement healthcare plan for its ABX employees, which is unfunded. Benefits for covered individuals terminate upon reaching age 65 under the post-retirement healthcare plans.
The accounting and valuation for these post-retirement obligations are determined by prescribed accounting and actuarial methods that consider a number of assumptions and estimates. The selection of appropriate assumptions and estimates is significant due to the long time period over which benefits will be accrued and paid. The long term nature of these benefit payouts increases the sensitivity of certain estimates of our post-retirement costs. The assumptions considered most sensitive in actuarially valuing ABX’s pension obligations and determining related expense amounts are discount rates and expected long term investment returns on plan assets. Additionally, other assumptions concerning retirement ages, mortality and employee turnover also affect the valuations. Actual results and future changes in these assumptions could result in future costs significantly higher than those recorded in our results of operations.
ABX measures plan assets and benefit obligations as of December 31 of each year. Information regarding ABX’s sponsored defined benefit pension plans and post-retirement healthcare plans follow below. The accumulated benefit obligation reflects pension benefit obligations based on the actual earnings and service to-date of current employees.

18


The Company’s net periodic benefit costs for its defined benefit pension plans and post-retirement healthcare plans for both continuing and discontinued operations are as follows (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
Pension Plans
 
Post-Retirement Healthcare Plan
 
Pension Plans
 
Post-Retirement Healthcare Plan
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Service cost
$

 
$

 
$
30

 
$
39

 
$

 
$

 
$
60

 
$
78

Interest cost
7,284

 
8,775

 
32

 
36

 
14,568

 
17,550

 
64

 
72

Expected return on plan assets
(10,523
)
 
(10,930
)
 

 

 
(21,046
)
 
(21,859
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service cost

 

 

 
(13
)
 

 

 

 
(26
)
Amortization of net (gain) loss
887

 
1,937

 
55

 
71

 
1,774

 
3,874

 
110

 
142

Net periodic benefit cost (income)
$
(2,352
)
 
$
(218
)
 
$
117

 
$
133

 
$
(4,704
)
 
$
(435
)
 
$
234

 
$
266

During the six month period ending June 30, 2018, the Company contributed $1.8 million to the pension plans. The Company expects to contribute an additional $20.7 million during the remainder of 2018.

NOTE J—INCOME TAXES
The provision for income taxes for interim periods is based on management's best estimate of the effective income tax rate expected to be applicable for the current year, plus any adjustments arising from changes in the estimated amount of taxable income related to prior periods. Federal legislation known as the The Tax Cuts and Jobs Acts ("Tax Act") was enacted on December 22, 2017. The Tax Act reduces the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from the previous rate of 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018. The Tax Act also makes broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code, including, but not limited to a one time tax on earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries, limitations of net operating loss carryforwards created in tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, bonus depreciation for full expensing of qualified property, and limitations on the deductibility of certain executive compensation. The Company will continue to refine the calculations as additional analysis is completed and the Company gains a more thorough understanding of the Tax Act, including the tax law related to the deductibility of purchased assets, state tax treatment, and amounts related to employee compensation.
Income tax expense recorded through June 30, 2018 utilized a projected annualized 24.3% rate applied to year-to-date income. Additionally, the Company recorded discrete tax items for the conversion of employee stock awards during the first quarter of 2018, resulting in an effective tax rate of 21.0%. The final effective tax rate applied to 2018 will depend on the actual amount of pre-tax book results by the Company for the full year, the additional conversions of employee stock awards, issuance of stock warrants and other items.
The Company has operating loss carryforwards for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Management expects to utilize the loss carryforwards to offset federal income tax liabilities in the future. Due to the Company's deferred tax assets, including its loss carryforwards, management does not expect to pay federal income taxes until 2023 or later. The Company may, however, be required to pay some federal tax due to loss carryforward usage limitations and certain state and local income taxes before then.


19


NOTE K—ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) includes the following items by components for the three and six month periods ending June 30, 2018 and 2017 (in thousands):
 
 
Defined Benefit Pension
 
Defined Benefit Post-Retirement
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
Total
Balance as of March 31, 2017
 
(75,854
)
 
(1,264
)
 
(1,440
)
 
(78,558
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
 

 

 
152

 
152

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Actuarial costs (reclassified to non-service costs)
 
1,937

 
71

 

 
2,008

Negative prior service cost
 

 
(13
)
 

 
(13
)
Income Tax (Expense) or Benefit
 
(702
)
 
(21
)
 
(53
)
 
(776
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
1,235

 
37

 
99

 
1,371

Balance as of June 30, 2017
 
(74,619
)
 
(1,227
)
 
(1,341
)
 
(77,187
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Defined Benefit Pension
 
Defined Benefit Post-Retirement
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2016
 
(77,088
)
 
(1,301
)
 
(1,477
)
 
(79,866
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
 

 

 
210

 
210

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Actuarial costs (reclassified to non-service costs)
 
3,874

 
142

 

 
4,016

Negative prior service cost
 

 
(26
)
 

 
(26
)
Income Tax (Expense) or Benefit
 
(1,405
)
 
(42
)
 
(74
)
 
(1,521
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
2,469

 
74

 
136

 
2,679

Balance as of June 30, 2017
 
(74,619
)
 
(1,227
)
 
(1,341
)
 
(77,187
)

20


 
 
Defined Benefit Pension
 
Defined Benefit Post-Retirement
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
Total
Balance as of March 31, 2018
 
(59,888
)
 
(1,055
)
 
(1,364
)
 
(62,307
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
 

 

 
(186
)
 
(186
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Actuarial costs (reclassified to non-service costs)
 
887

 
55

 

 
942

Income Tax (Expense) or Benefit
 
(200
)
 
(13
)
 
63

 
(150
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
687

 
42

 
(123
)
 
606

Balance as of June 30, 2018
 
(59,201
)
 
(1,013
)
 
(1,487
)
 
(61,701
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Defined Benefit Pension
 
Defined Benefit Post-Retirement
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2017
 
(60,575
)
 
(1,097
)
 
(1,348
)
 
(63,020
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
 

 

 
(211
)
 
(211
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Actuarial costs (reclassified to non-service costs)
 
1,774

 
110

 

 
1,884

Income Tax (Expense) or Benefit
 
(400
)
 
(26
)
 
72

 
(354
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
1,374

 
84

 
(139
)
 
1,319

Balance as of June 30, 2018
 
(59,201
)
 
(1,013
)
 
(1,487
)
 
(61,701
)

21


NOTE L—STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
The Company's Board of Directors has granted stock incentive awards to certain employees and board members pursuant to a long term incentive plan which was approved by the Company's stockholders in May 2005 and in May 2015. Employees have been awarded non-vested stock units with performance conditions, non-vested stock units with market conditions and non-vested restricted stock. The restrictions on the non-vested restricted stock awards lapse at the end of a specified service period, which is typically three years from the date of grant. Restrictions could lapse sooner upon a business combination, death, disability or after an employee qualifies for retirement. The non-vested stock units will be converted into a number of shares of Company stock depending on performance and market conditions at the end of a specified service period, lasting approximately three years. The performance condition awards will be converted into a number of shares of Company stock based on the Company's average return on invested capital during the service period. Similarly, the market condition awards will be converted into a number of shares depending on the appreciation of the Company's stock compared to the NASDAQ Transportation Index. Board members were granted time-based awards with vesting periods of approximately six or twelve months. The Company expects to settle all of the stock unit awards by issuing new shares of stock. The table below summarizes award activity.
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30, 2018
 
June 30, 2017
 
Number of
Awards
 
Weighted
average
grant-date
fair value
 
Number of
Awards
 
Weighted
average
grant-date
fair value
Outstanding at beginning of period
873,849

 
$
12.30

 
1,040,569

 
$
9.97

Granted
207,295

 
26.50

 
243,940

 
17.52

Converted
(96,616
)
 
10.89

 
(173,210
)
 
9.69

Expired
(500
)
 
28.38

 

 

Forfeited
(2,600
)
 
26.76

 
(3,800
)
 
13.66

Outstanding at end of period
981,428

 
$
15.39

 
1,107,499

 
$
11.66

Vested
326,928

 
$
7.18

 
324,599

 
$
6.39

The average grant-date fair value of each performance condition award, non-vested restricted stock award and time-based award granted by the Company in 2018 was $25.15, the fair value of the Company’s stock on the date of grant. The average grant-date fair value of each market condition award granted in 2018 was $31.60. The market condition awards were valued using a Monte Carlo simulation technique, a risk-free interest rate of 2.4% and a volatility of 33.8% based on volatility over three years using daily stock prices.
For the six month periods ending June 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded expense of $2.3 million and $1.7 million, respectively, for stock incentive awards. At June 30, 2018, there was $7.2 million of unrecognized expense related to the stock incentive awards that is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.6 years. As of June 30, 2018, none of the awards were convertible, 326,928 units of the Board members time-based awards had vested and none of the outstanding shares of the restricted stock had vested. These awards could result in a maximum number of 1,216,478 additional outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock depending on service, performance and market results through December 31, 2020.


22



NOTE M—COMMON STOCK AND EARNINGS PER SHARE
Earnings per Share
The calculation of basic and diluted earnings per common share are as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
Three Months Ending
 
Six Months Ending
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations - basic
$
24,464

 
$
(53,918
)
 
$
40,146

 
$
(44,122
)
Gain from stock warrants revaluation, net of tax
(10,448
)
 

 
(7,473
)
 

Earnings (loss) from continuing operations - diluted
$
14,016

 
$
(53,918
)
 
$
32,673

 
$
(44,122
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares outstanding for basic earnings per share
58,739

 
59,035

 
58,790

 
59,084

Common equivalent shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effect of stock-based compensation awards and warrants
9,624

 

 
9,994

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding assuming dilution
68,363

 
59,035

 
68,784

 
59,084

Basic earnings per share from continuing operations
$
0.42

 
$
(0.91
)
 
$
0.68

 
$
(0.75
)
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
$
0.21

 
$
(0.91
)
 
$
0.48

 
$
(0.75
)
The determination of diluted earnings per share requires the exclusion of the fair value re-measurement of the stock warrants recorded as a liability (see Note B), if such warrants have a anti-dilutive effect on earnings per share. The dilutive effect of the weighted-average diluted shares outstanding is calculated using the treasury method for periods in which equivalent shares have a dilutive effect on earnings per share. Under this method, the number of diluted shares is determined by dividing the assumed proceeds of the warrants recorded as a liability by the average stock price during the period and comparing that amount with the number of corresponding warrants outstanding.
The underlying warrants recorded as a liability as of June 30, 2017, could result in 13.6 million additional shares of the Company's common stock if the warrants are settled by tendering cash. The number of equivalent shares that were not included in weighted average shares outstanding assuming dilution, because their effect would have been anti-dilutive, were 8.5 million and 7.2 million for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2017, respectively.

23


NOTE N—SEGMENT AND REVENUE INFORMATION
The Company operates in three reportable segments. The CAM segment consists of the Company's aircraft leasing operations and its segment earnings include an allocation of interest expense. The ACMI Services segment consists of the Company's airline operations, including CMI agreements as well as ACMI and charter service agreements that the Company has with its customers. The MRO Services segment provides airframe maintenance services, aircraft modifications and other maintenance services. The MRO Services became reportable during 2018 due to the size of its revenues. Prior periods presented below have been prepared by separating MRO Services from "All other" for comparative purposes. The Company's ground services and other activities, which include the mail and package sorting services, maintenance services for ground equipment, facilities and material handling equipment, the sales of aviation fuel and other services, are not large enough to constitute reportable segments and are combined in All other. Inter-segment revenues are valued at arms-length market rates. Cash and cash equivalents are reflected in Assets - All other below.
The Company's segment information for revenue from continuing operations is presented below (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ending
 
Six Months Ending
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Total revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CAM
$
54,377

 
$
49,530

 
$
106,753

 
$
97,508

ACMI Services
119,606

 
144,499

 
238,980

 
289,448

MRO Services
45,794

 
66,336

 
98,517

 
106,674

All other
19,730

 
50,172

 
39,013

 
99,040

Eliminate inter-segment revenues
(35,900
)
 
(57,326
)
 
(76,616
)
 
(101,542
)
Total
$
203,607

 
$
253,211

 
$
406,647

 
$
491,128

Customer revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CAM
$
38,016

 
$
32,380

 
$
73,903

 
$
63,162

ACMI Services
119,589

 
144,499

 
238,963

 
289,448

MRO Services
29,069

 
31,159

 
60,009

 
56,576

All other
16,933

 
45,173

 
33,772

 
81,942

Total
$
203,607

 
$
253,211

 
$
406,647

 
$
491,128

The Company adopted Topic 606 for revenue recognition using a modified retrospective approach, under which financial statements are prepared under the revised guidance for the year of adoption, but not for prior years. The effects of Topic 606 on the Company's customer revenues are summarized below:
 
 
For the three months ending
 
For the six months ending
 
 
June 30, 2018
 
June 30, 2018
 
 
Revenue
 
Revenue
 
 
As Reported
 
Without Topic 606
 
Increase (decrease)
 
As Reported
 
Without Topic 606
 
Increase (decrease)
ACMI Services
 
$
119,589

 
$
167,724

 
$
(48,135
)
 
$
238,963

 
$
336,272

 
$
(97,309
)
MRO Services
 
29,069

 
28,549

 
520

 
60,009

 
54,918

 
5,091

Other (ground services)
 
16,933

 
62,682

 
(45,749
)
 
33,772

 
130,868

 
(97,096
)

ACMI Services revenues are generated from airline service agreements and are typically based on hours flown, the amount of aircraft operated and crew resources provided during a month. ACMI Services revenues are recognized over time as flight hours are performed for the customer. Certain agreements include provisions for incentive payments

24


based upon on-time reliability. These incentives are measured on a monthly basis and recorded to revenue in the corresponding month earned. Under CMI agreements, the Company's airlines have an obligation to provide integrated services including flight crews, aircraft maintenance and insurance for the customer's cargo network. Under ACMI agreements, the Company's airlines are also obligated to provide aircraft. Under CMI and ACMI agreements, customers are generally responsible for aviation fuel, landing fees, navigation fees and certain other flight expenses. When functioning as the customers agent for arranging such services, the Company records amounts reimbursable from the customer as revenues net of the related expenses as the costs are incurred. Under charter agreements the Company's airline is obligated to provide full services for one or more flights having specific origins and destinations. Under charter agreements, in which the Company's airline is responsible for fuel, airport fees and all flight services, the related costs are recorded in operating expenses. ACMI Services are invoiced monthly or more frequently.
MRO Services revenues for customer contracts for airframe maintenance and aircraft modification services that do not have an alternative use and for which the Company has an enforceable right to payment are generally recognized over time based on the percentage of costs completed. Other MRO Services revenues for aircraft part sales, component repairs and line service are recognized at a point in time typically when the parts are delivered to the customer and the the services are completed. For airframe maintenance, aircraft modifications and aircraft component repairs, contracts include assurance warranties that are not sold separately.
Effective January 1, 2018 the Company records revenues and estimated earnings for its airframe maintenance and aircraft modification contracts using the percentage-of-completion cost-to-cost method. For such services, the Company estimates the earnings on a contract as the difference between the expected revenue and estimated costs to complete a contract and recognizes revenues and earnings based on the proportion of costs incurred compared to the total estimated costs. The Company's estimates consider the timing and extent of the services, including the amount and rates of labor, materials and other resources required to perform the services. The Company recognizes adjustments in estimated earnings on a contract under the cumulative catch-up method in which the impact of the adjustment on estimated earnings of a contract is recognized in the period the adjustment is identified.
The Company's external customer revenues for providing mail and package sorting services and related equipment maintenance for the three and six month periods ending June 30, 2018 were $16.2 million and $32.3 million, respectively, compared to $44.7 million and $80.9 million for the corresponding periods in 2017. During the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018, the Company netted $45.7 million and $97.1 million of customer reimbursable revenues against the related expenses when functioning as the customers agent for arranging ground services, respectively. These revenues are reported in All other. The Company's external customer revenues from providing mail and package sorting services are recognized as the services are performed for the customer over time. Revenues from related equipment maintenance services are recognized over time and at a point in time depending on the nature of the customer contracts.
Revenue is not recognized until collectibility of customer payment is probable. For customers that are not a governmental agency or department, the Company generally receives partial payment in advance of services, otherwise customer balances are typically paid within 30 to 60 days of service. For the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018, the Company recognized $3.4 million and $8.0 million of non lease revenue that was reported in deferred revenue at the beginning of the respective period.
CAM's aircraft lease revenues are recognized as operating lease revenues on a straight-line basis over the term of the applicable lease agreements. Customer payments for leased aircraft and equipment are typically paid monthly in advance.



25


The Company's other segment information from continuing operations is presented below (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ending
 
Six Months Ending
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Depreciation and amortization expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CAM
$
30,540

 
$
26,253

 
$
59,465

 
$
50,554

ACMI Services
10,327

 
10,491

 
20,552

 
21,563

MRO Services
830

 
685

 
1,680

 
1,359

All other
(77
)
 
352

 
(73
)
 
747

Total
$
41,620

 
$
37,781

 
$
81,624

 
$
74,223

Segment earnings (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CAM
$
15,394

 
$
12,795

 
$
30,858

 
$
26,125

ACMI Services
991

 
258

 
4,932

 
(3,276
)
MRO Services
1,321

 
11,103

 
5,783

 
14,291

     All other
2,749

 
1,400

 
5,330

 
3,863

Inter-segment earnings eliminated
(1,031
)
 
(5,958
)
 
(4,356
)
 
(6,820
)
Net unallocated interest expense
(838
)
 
(216
)
 
(1,657
)
 
(387
)
Net gain (loss) on financial instruments
11,697

 
(67,649
)
 
10,812

 
(65,780
)
Other non-service components of retiree benefit costs, net
2,045

 
(177
)
 
4,090

 
(354
)
Loss from non-consolidated affiliate
(2,417
)
 

 
(4,953
)
 

Pre-tax earnings from continuing operations
$
29,911

 
$
(48,444
)
 
$
50,839

 
$
(32,338
)
The Company's assets are presented below by segment (in thousands):
 
June 30
 
December 31
 
2018
 
2017
Assets:
 
 
 
CAM
$
1,214,986

 
$
1,192,890

ACMI Services
190,309

 
189,379

MRO Services
99,129

 
87,177

All other
13,050

 
79,398

Total
$
1,517,474

 
$
1,548,844

Interest expense allocated to CAM was $4.5 million and $9.0 million for the three and six month periods ending June 30, 2018, respectively, compared to $3.5 million and $6.9 million for the corresponding periods of 2017.


26


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis has been prepared with reference to the historical financial condition and results of operations of Air Transport Services Group, Inc., and its subsidiaries. Air Transport Services Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries may hereinafter individually and collectively be referred to as "the Company", "we", "our" or "us" from time to time. The following discussion and analysis describes the principal factors affecting the results of operations, financial condition, cash flows, liquidity and capital resources. It should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") contained in this report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

INTRODUCTION
The Company leases aircraft, provides air cargo transportation and performs aircraft maintenance and other support services primarily to the air cargo transportation and package delivery industries. Through the Company's subsidiaries, we offer a range of complementary services to delivery companies, freight forwarders, e-commerce operators, airlines and government customers. Our principal subsidiaries include ABX Air, Inc. (“ABX”), Air Transport International, Inc. (“ATI”), Cargo Aircraft Management, Inc. (“CAM”) and Airborne Maintenance and Engineering Services, Inc. ("AMES"). ABX and ATI are two independently certificated airlines. CAM provides competitive aircraft lease rates by converting passenger aircraft into cargo freighters and offering them to customers under long-term leases. AMES provides aircraft maintenance and modification services.
We have three reportable segments: CAM, which leases Boeing 767, Boeing 757 and Boeing 737 aircraft and aircraft engines, ACMI Services, which primarily includes the air transportation operations of the two airlines, and MRO Services, which provides aircraft maintenance and modification services to customers. Our other business operations, which primarily provide support services to the transportation industry, include mail and package sorting services as well as related equipment maintenance services. These operations do not constitute reportable segments due to their size.
Our largest customers are DHL Network Operations (USA), Inc. and its affiliates ("DHL"), Amazon.com Services, Inc. ("ASI"), successor to Amazon Fulfillment Services, Inc., a subsidiary of Amazon.com, Inc. ("Amazon"), and the U.S. Military.
DHL
The Company has had long-term contracts with DHL since August 2003. DHL accounted for 28% of the Company's consolidated revenues for the first six months of 2018, compared with 30% of the Company's consolidated revenues excluding directly reimbursed revenues in the corresponding period in 2017. As of June 30, 2018, the Company, through CAM, leased 16 Boeing 767 aircraft to DHL, 11 of which were being operated by the Company's airlines for DHL under a crew, maintenance and insurance agreement and five aircraft which are operated by a DHL-affiliated airline in the Middle East. Additionally, ATI operated four CAM-owned Boeing 757 aircraft under other operating arrangements with DHL.
Amazon
The Company has been providing freighter aircraft, operating flight services and arranging cargo handling and logistical support for ASI since September 2015. On March 8, 2016, the Company entered into an Air Transportation Services Agreement (the “ATSA”) with ASI pursuant to which CAM agreed to lease 20 Boeing 767 freighter aircraft to ASI, including 12 Boeing 767-200 freighter aircraft for a term of five years and eight Boeing 767-300 freighter aircraft for a term of seven years. CAM owns all of the Boeing 767 aircraft that are leased and operated under the ATSA. The ATSA became effective on April 1, 2016. Revenues from continuing operations performed for ASI comprised approximately 29% of the Company's consolidated revenues from continuing operations for the first six months of 2018, compared with 26% of revenues, excluding directly reimbursed revenues, during the corresponding period in 2017.
In conjunction with the execution of the ATSA, the Company and Amazon entered into an Investment Agreement and a Stockholders Agreement on March 8, 2016. The Investment Agreement calls for the Company to issue warrants in three tranches which grant Amazon the right to acquire up to 19.9% of the Company’s pre-transaction outstanding

27


common shares measured on a GAAP-diluted basis, adjusted for share issuances and repurchases by the Company following the date of the Investment Agreement and after giving effect to the warrants granted. The exercise price of the warrants is $9.73 per share, which represents the closing price of the Company’s common shares on February 9, 2016. Each of the three tranches of warrants will be exercisable in accordance with its terms through March 8, 2021.
Our accounting for the warrants issued to Amazon has been determined in accordance with the financial reporting guidance for equity-based payments to non-employees and for financial instruments. The fair value of the warrants issued or issuable to Amazon are recorded as a lease incentive asset and are amortized against revenues over the duration of the aircraft leases. The warrants are accounted for as financial instruments, and accordingly, the fair value of the outstanding warrants are measured and classified in liabilities at the end of each reporting period. The Company's earnings are impacted by the fair value re-measurement of warrants at the end of each period, lease incentive amortization and the related income tax effects. For income tax calculations, the value and timing of
related tax deductions will differ from the guidance described above for financial reporting. For additional information about the accounting for the warrants, see Note B to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
The U.S. Military comprised 11% and 10% of the Company's consolidated revenues excluding directly reimbursed revenues during the six month periods ending June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company's airlines contract their services to the Air Mobility Command ("AMC"), through the U.S. Transportation Command ("USTC"), both of which are organized under the U.S. Military.
Fleet Summary 2018
As of June 30, 2018, the combined operating fleet of owned freighter aircraft consisted of 34 Boeing 767-200 aircraft, 29 Boeing 767-300 aircraft, four Boeing 757-200 aircraft, four Boeing 757 "combi" aircraft and two Boeing 737-400 aircraft. The Boeing 757 combi aircraft are capable of simultaneously carrying passengers and cargo containers on the main flight deck. At June 30, 2018, the Company owned five Boeing 767-300 aircraft that were either already undergoing or awaiting induction into the freighter conversion process.
Aircraft fleet activity during the first six months of 2018 is summarized below:
- CAM completed the modification of five Boeing 767-300 freighter aircraft purchased in the previous year and began to lease four of those aircraft under multi-year leases to external customers. CAM began to lease the fifth aircraft to ATI.
- CAM completed the modification of one 737-400 freighter aircraft purchased the previous year and entered into a multi-year lease with an external customer.
- ABX returned one Boeing 767-300 freighter aircraft to CAM. That aircraft was then leased to an external customer under a multi-year lease and is being operated by ABX.
- CAM sold one Boeing 767-300 freighter aircraft, which was under lease to an external customer, to that same external customer.
- CAM purchased four Boeing 767-300 passenger aircraft for the purpose of converting the aircraft into a standard freighter configuration.
- External lessees returned two Boeing 767-200 freighter aircraft to CAM. Both of these aircraft are being prepped for redeployment to other lessees.


28


 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
ACMI
Services
CAM
Total
 
ACMI
Services
CAM
Total
In-service aircraft
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aircraft owned
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Boeing 767-200
7

27

34

 
7

29

36

Boeing 767-300
4

25

29

 
4

21

25

Boeing 757-200
4


4

 
4


4

Boeing 757-200 Combi
4


4

 
4


4

Boeing 737-400

2

2

 

1

1

Total
19

54

73

 
19

51

70

Other aircraft
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Owned Boeing 767-300 under modification

5

5

 

6

6

Owned Boeing 737-400 under modification



 

1

1

Owned Boeing 767 available or staging for lease

2

2

 



As of June 30, 2018, ABX and ATI were leasing 19 in-service aircraft internally from CAM for use in ACMI Services. As of June 30, 2018, four of CAM's 27 Boeing 767-200 aircraft and seven of the 25 Boeing 767-300 aircraft shown in the aircraft fleet table above were leased to DHL and operated by ABX. Additionally, 12 of CAM's 27 Boeing 767-200 aircraft and eight of CAM's 25 Boeing 767-300 aircraft were leased to ASI and operated by ABX or ATI. The other 11 Boeing 767-200 aircraft leased to external customers include five Boeing 767-200 aircraft leased to DHL and operated by a DHL-owned airline. One of the other 10 Boeing 767-300 aircraft leased to external customers was operated by ATI. The carrying values of the total in-service fleet as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were $998.7 million and $955.2 million, respectively. The table above does not reflect one Boeing 767-200 passenger aircraft owned by CAM.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Summary
External customer revenues from continuing operations decreased by $49.6 million to $203.6 million and decreased by $84.5 million to $406.6 million for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018, respectively, compared to the corresponding periods of 2017. Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)” ("Topic 606”). As a result of adopting Topic 606 beginning January 1, 2018, the Company reported certain revenues net of related expenses that are directly reimbursed by customers. Corresponding 2017 revenues include such expense reimbursements. Excluding revenues directly reimbursed in 2017, customer revenues increased $11.5 million, or 6% and $31.0 million, or 8% during the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018, respectively, compared with the corresponding periods of 2017. External customer revenues increased primarily due to additional aircraft leases and expanded CMI services.

29


The consolidated net earnings from continuing operations were $24.5 million and $40.1 million for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018, respectively, compared to net losses of $53.9 million and $44.1 million for the corresponding periods of 2017. The pre-tax earnings from continuing operations were $29.9 million and $50.8 million for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018, respectively, compared to pre-tax losses of $48.4 million and $32.3 million for the corresponding periods of 2017. Earnings were affected by specific events and certain adjustments that do not directly reflect our underlying operations among the years presented. Net earnings from continuing operations for 2018 benefited from a lower effective tax rate due to The Tax Cuts and Jobs Acts ("Tax Act") which was enacted on December 22, 2017. On a pre-tax basis, earnings included gains of $11.7 million and $10.8 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively, for the re-measurement of financial instruments, including the warrant obligations granted to Amazon. This compares to pre-tax losses for re-measurement of such financial instruments of $67.6 million and $65.8 million for the corresponding periods of 2017. Pre-tax earnings were also reduced by $4.2 million and $8.5 million for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018, respectively, for the amortization of lease incentives given to ASI in the form of warrants, compared to $3.3 million and $5.9 million for the corresponding periods of 2017. Additionally, pre-tax earnings from continuing operations included gains of $2.0 million and $4.1 million for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018, respectively, for the non-service components of retiree benefit plans, compared to losses of $0.2 million and $0.4 million for the corresponding periods of 2017. Pre-tax earnings for the three and six month periods ending June 30, 2018 included losses of $2.4 million and $5.0 million, respectively, for the Company's share of development costs for a new joint venture. After removing the effects of these items, adjusted pre-tax earnings from continuing operations, a non-GAAP measure (a definition and reconciliation of adjusted pre-tax earnings from continuing operations follows) increased $0.1 million and $9.7 million to $22.8 million and $49.3 million for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018, respectively, compared to 2017.
Adjusted pre-tax earnings from continuing operations for the first half of 2018 improved compared to 2017, driven primarily by additional aircraft lease revenues and the improved financial results of our airline operations. The pre-tax results included reduced earnings from MRO Services due to a lower level of recognized revenues and a mix of lower margin services through the first half of 2018 compared to 2017. Results for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018 included an additional pre-tax interest expense of $2.1 million and $4.1 million, respectively, for the amortization of convertible debt discount and issuance costs.

30


 
A summary of our revenues and pre-tax earnings and adjusted pre-tax earnings from continuing operations is shown below (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ending
 
Six Months Ending
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues from Continuing Operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CAM
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aircraft leasing and related services
$
58,603

 
$
52,813

 
115,205

 
103,382

Lease incentive amortization
(4,226
)
 
(3,283
)
 
(8,452
)
 
(5,874
)
Total CAM
54,377

 
49,530

 
106,753

 
97,508

ACMI Services
119,606

 
111,851

 
238,980

 
219,917

MRO Services
45,794

 
66,336

 
98,517

 
106,674

Other Activities
19,730

 
21,706

 
39,013

 
53,104

Total Revenues
239,507

 
249,423

 
483,263

 
477,203

Eliminate internal revenues
(35,900
)
 
(57,326
)
 
(76,616
)
 
(101,542
)
Customer Revenues - non reimbursed
$
203,607

 
$
192,097

 
$
406,647

 
$
375,661

Revenues for reimbursed expenses

 
61,114

 

 
115,467

Customer Revenues
$
203,607

 
$
253,211

 
$
406,647

 
$
491,128

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pre-Tax Earnings (Loss) from Continuing Operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CAM, inclusive of interest expense
$
15,394

 
$
12,795

 
30,858

 
26,125

ACMI Services
991

 
258

 
4,932

 
(3,276
)
MRO Services
1,321

 
11,103

 
5,783

 
14,291

Other Activities
2,749

 
1,400

 
5,330

 
3,863

Inter-segment earnings eliminated
(1,031
)
 
(5,958
)
 
(4,356
)
 
(6,820
)
Net unallocated interest expense
(838
)
 
(216
)
 
(1,657
)
 
(387
)
Net financial instrument re-measurement (loss) gain
11,697

 
(67,649
)
 
10,812

 
(65,780
)
Other non-service components of retiree benefit costs, net