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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - Triton International Ltdexhibit3226-30x2018.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - Triton International Ltdexhibit3216-30x2018.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - Triton International Ltdexhibit3126-30x2018.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - Triton International Ltdexhibit3116-30x2018.htm
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 

FORM 10-Q
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For The Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2018
Or
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition Period from                             to   
Commission file number- 001-37827
Triton International Limited
(Exact name of registrant as specified in the charter)
Bermuda
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
98-1276572
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
 
 
 
Canon's Court, 22 Victoria Street, Hamilton HM12, Bermuda
(Address of principal executive office)
 
 
 
(441) 294-8033
(Registrant's telephone number including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirement for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer ý
 
 
 
Accelerated Filer o
 
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company o
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES o    NO ý
As of August 3, 2018, there were 80,855,072 common shares, $0.01 par value, of the registrant outstanding.
 



Triton International Limited
Index


2


CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. In addition, we, or our executive officers on our behalf, may from time to time make forward-looking statements in reports and other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, or in connection with oral statements made to the press, potential investors or others. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, including statements regarding our strategy, future operations, future financial position, future revenues, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. The words "expect," "estimate," "anticipate," "predict," "believe," "think," "plan," "will," "should," "intend," "seek," "potential" and similar expressions and variations are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words.
Forward-looking statements in this report are subject to a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties described in the section entitled "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on February 27, 2018, (the "Form 10-K"), in this Report on Form 10-Q and in any Form 10-Q filed or to be filed by us, as well as in the other documents we file with the SEC from time to time, and such risks and uncertainties are specifically incorporated herein by reference.
Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date the statements are made. Except as required under the federal securities laws and rules and regulations of the SEC, we undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking information. We caution you not to unduly rely on the forward-looking statements when evaluating the information presented in this report.


3



ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
ASSETS:
 
 
 
Leasing equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $2,441,745 and $2,218,897
$
8,956,091

 
$
8,364,484

Net investment in finance leases
270,746

 
295,891

Equipment held for sale
50,068

 
43,195

Revenue earning assets
9,276,905

 
8,703,570

Cash and cash equivalents
48,145

 
132,031

Restricted cash
132,433

 
94,140

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $2,861 and $3,002
229,697

 
199,876

Goodwill
236,665

 
236,665

Lease intangibles, net of accumulated amortization of $177,187 and $144,081
121,270

 
154,376

Other assets
35,534

 
49,591

Fair value of derivative instruments
29,467

 
7,376

Total assets
$
10,110,116

 
$
9,577,625

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY:
 
 
 
Equipment purchases payable
$
159,454

 
$
128,133

Fair value of derivative instruments

 
2,503

Accounts payable and other accrued expenses
93,008

 
109,999

Net deferred income tax liability
243,342

 
215,439

Debt, net of unamortized debt costs of $44,603 and $40,636
7,282,056

 
6,911,725

Total liabilities
7,777,860

 
7,367,799

Shareholders' equity:
 
 
 
Common shares, $0.01 par value, 294,000,000 shares authorized, 80,855,072 and 80,687,757 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
809

 
807

Undesignated shares, $0.01 par value, 6,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding

 

Additional paid-in capital
894,005

 
889,168

Accumulated earnings
1,269,429

 
1,159,367

Accumulated other comprehensive income
38,358

 
26,942

Total shareholders' equity
2,202,601

 
2,076,284

Non-controlling interests
129,655

 
133,542

Total equity
2,332,256

 
2,209,826

Total liabilities and equity
$
10,110,116

 
$
9,577,625

   

The accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

4




TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Leasing revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating leases
$
324,954

 
$
276,160

 
$
635,185

 
$
535,745

Finance leases
4,817

 
5,779

 
9,683

 
11,796

Total leasing revenues
329,771

 
281,939

 
644,868

 
547,541

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equipment trading revenues
18,099

 
12,755

 
31,474

 
18,239

Equipment trading expenses
(14,105
)
 
(11,427
)
 
(24,489
)
 
(16,519
)
Trading margin
3,994

 
1,328

 
6,985

 
1,720

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net gain on sale of leasing equipment
11,105

 
9,639

 
20,323

 
14,800

Net gain on sale of building
20,953

 

 
20,953

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
133,894

 
124,091

 
264,327

 
241,971

Direct operating expenses
10,195

 
15,609

 
21,243

 
37,563

Administrative expenses
20,775

 
22,068

 
40,357

 
45,035

Transaction and other (income) costs
(1
)
 
836

 
(30
)
 
3,308

(Benefit) provision for doubtful accounts
(25
)
 
(113
)
 
(126
)
 
461

Total operating expenses
164,838

 
162,491

 
325,771

 
328,338

Operating income
200,985

 
130,415

 
367,358

 
235,723

Other expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest and debt expense
79,027

 
70,777

 
154,125

 
134,281

Realized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net
(492
)
 
283

 
(740
)
 
882

Unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net
(111
)
 
789

 
(1,297
)
 
(709
)
Write-off of debt costs
503

 
43

 
503

 
43

Other (income), net
(585
)
 
(974
)
 
(1,244
)
 
(1,716
)
Total other expenses
78,342

 
70,918

 
151,347

 
132,781

Income before income taxes
122,643

 
59,497

 
216,011

 
102,942

Income tax expense
15,890

 
11,483

 
26,393

 
18,625

Net income
$
106,753

 
$
48,014

 
$
189,618

 
$
84,317

Less: income attributable to noncontrolling interest
1,883

 
2,343

 
3,856

 
4,035

Net income attributable to shareholders
$
104,870

 
$
45,671

 
$
185,762

 
$
80,282

Net income per common share—Basic
$
1.31

 
$
0.62

 
$
2.32

 
$
1.09

Net income per common share—Diluted
$
1.30

 
$
0.62

 
$
2.30

 
$
1.08

Cash dividends paid per common share
$
0.52

 
$
0.45

 
$
0.97

 
$
0.90

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding—Basic
80,044

 
73,763

 
80,007

 
73,752

Dilutive restricted shares and share options
611

 
414

 
589

 
356

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding—Diluted
80,655

 
74,177

 
80,596

 
74,108

   

The accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

5




TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income
$
106,753

 
$
48,014

 
$
189,618

 
$
84,317

Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in fair value of derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges (net of income tax effect of $1,350, ($2,367), $4,704 and ($2,109), respectively)
5,005

 
(4,349
)
 
17,464

 
(3,917
)
Reclassification of (gain) loss on interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges (net of income tax effect of ($393), $204, ($745) and $461, respectively)
(1,461
)
 
490

 
(2,933
)
 
1,000

Tax reclassification to accumulated earnings for the adoption of ASU 2018-02

 

 
(3,029
)
 

Foreign currency translation adjustment
(179
)
 
115

 
(86
)
 
112

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
3,365

 
(3,744
)
 
11,416

 
(2,805
)
Comprehensive income
110,118

 
44,270

 
201,034

 
81,512

Other comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
1,883

 
2,343

 
3,856

 
4,035

Comprehensive income attributable to shareholders
$
108,235

 
$
41,927

 
$
197,178

 
$
77,477

   

The accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

6




TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
189,618

 
$
84,317

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
264,327

 
241,971

Amortization of deferred financing cost and other debt related amortization
6,627

 
6,761

Lease related amortization
37,722

 
47,093

Share-based compensation expense
5,661

 
3,298

Net (gain) on sale of leasing equipment
(20,323
)
 
(14,800
)
Net (gain) on sale of building
(20,953
)
 

Unrealized (gain) on derivative instruments
(1,297
)
 
(709
)
Write-off of debt cost
503

 
43

Deferred income taxes
23,946

 
17,106

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(30,551
)
 
(1,823
)
Accounts payable and other accrued expenses
(16,788
)
 
(25,396
)
Net equipment sold for resale activity
(11,686
)
 
248

Other assets
(1,218
)
 
(656
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
425,588

 
357,453

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of leasing equipment and investments in finance leases
(884,007
)
 
(665,473
)
Proceeds from sale of equipment, net of selling costs
83,443

 
90,139

Proceeds from the sale of building
27,630

 

Cash collections on finance lease receivables, net of income earned
29,598

 
29,953

Other
(64
)
 
55

Net cash (used in) in investing activities
(743,400
)
 
(545,326
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Redemption of common shares for withholding taxes
(822
)
 

Debt issuance costs
(9,567
)
 
(19,844
)
Borrowings under debt facilities
1,417,985

 
1,582,882

Payments under debt facilities and capital lease obligations
(1,049,996
)
 
(1,180,787
)
Dividends paid
(77,638
)
 
(66,384
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(7,743
)
 
(9,709
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
272,219

 
306,158

Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
$
(45,593
)
 
$
118,285

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period
226,171

 
163,492

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period
$
180,578

 
$
281,777

Supplemental disclosures:
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
148,007

 
$
127,360

Supplemental non-cash investing activities:
 
 
 
Equipment purchases payable
$
159,454

 
$
153,594

   

The accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

7


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Note 1—Description of the Business and Significant Accounting Policies

Description of the Business

Triton International Limited ("Triton" or the "Company"), through its subsidiaries, leases intermodal transportation equipment, primarily maritime containers, and provides maritime container management services through a worldwide network of service subsidiaries, third-party depots and other facilities. The majority of the Company's business is derived from leasing its containers to shipping line customers through a variety of long-term and short-term contractual lease arrangements. The Company also sells containers from its equipment leasing fleet as well as containers specifically acquired for resale from third parties. The Company's registered office is located in Bermuda.

Basis of Presentation

The unaudited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.

The interim consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2018, the consolidated statements of operations and the consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, and the consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 are unaudited. The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017, included herein, was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. These unaudited interim financial statements have been prepared on a basis consistent with the Company’s annual financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments necessary to state fairly the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income, and cash flows for the periods presented. The financial data and the other financial information disclosed in the notes to the financial statements related to these periods are also unaudited. The consolidated results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2018 or for any other future annual or interim period.

These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2017 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K which was filed with the SEC on February 27, 2018. The unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain changes in presentation have been made to conform the prior period presentation to current period reporting.
 
Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities in the financial statements. Such estimates include, but are not limited to, the Company's estimates in connection with leasing equipment, residual values, depreciable lives, values of assets held for sale and other long lived assets, provision for income tax, allowance for doubtful accounts, share-based compensation, goodwill and intangible assets. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Concentration of Credit Risk

The Company's equipment leases and trade receivables subject it to potential credit risk. The Company extends credit to its customers based upon an evaluation of each customer's financial condition and credit history. Evaluations of the financial condition and associated credit risk of customers are performed on an ongoing basis. The Company's two largest customers CMA CGM S.A. and MSC Mediterranean Shipping Company S.A., accounted for 20% and 14%, respectively, of the Company's lease billings during the six months ended June 30, 2018.


8


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)



New Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards Updates

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations, amending previous updates regarding this topic. Leasing revenue recognition is specifically excluded from this ASU, and therefore, the new standard only applied to equipment trading revenues and sales of leasing equipment. The adoption of this ASU had minimal impact on the Company since the majority of its sales contracts are for containers and do not contain multiple elements. The standard allows for either “full retrospective” adoption, meaning the standard is applied to all of the periods presented, or “modified retrospective” adoption, meaning the standard is applied only to the most current period presented in the financial statements. The Company adopted the standard on January 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective approach. The adoption of Topic 606 did not impact its leasing revenue recognition model because, as noted above, leasing revenue recognition, including ancillary fees, is specifically excluded from this ASU.

The Company has assessed the requirements of the new revenue standard with respect to its equipment trading revenue and sales of leasing equipment and has concluded that the timing and amount of recognition was not materially affected based on the fact that there generally are no long-term contracts, multiple element arrangements, or significant customer acquisition costs related to these revenue streams. The Company also considered the requirement to present disaggregated revenue for its equipment trading revenue and sales of leasing equipment upon the adoption of Topic 606. The Company currently presents these revenue items separately in its statement of operations. As a result, the Company has concluded that the adoption of Topic 606 does not have a significant impact on either the timing of its revenue recognition or manner of presentation.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Receipts and Cash Payments. The updated amendment provides guidance as to where certain cash flow items are presented, including debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs and proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims. The Company adopted the standard on January 1, 2018. The adoption of this ASU did not have an impact on the consolidated financial statements since none of the cash flows items specified in the guidance are currently presented in the Company's consolidated statement of cash flows.

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16, Accounting for Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other than Inventory. The ASU eliminates the deferral of the tax effects of intra-entity asset transfers other than inventory. As a result, the tax expense from the intercompany sale of assets, other than inventory, and associated changes to deferred taxes will be recognized when the sale occurs even though the pre-tax effects of the transaction have not been recognized. The Company adopted the standard on January 1, 2018. The adoption of this ASU did not have a significant impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash. The amendments in this ASU require that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. As a result, amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The amendments do not provide a definition of restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. The Company adopted this guidance on January 1, 2018 using the retrospective approach. Upon adoption, the Company recorded an increase of $61.8 million in net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2017 related to presentation changes of its restricted cash balance from financing activities to the cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash balance within the consolidated statements of cash flows.

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting. ASU 2017-09 provides clarification on when modification accounting should be used for changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. This ASU does not change the accounting for modifications but clarifies that modification accounting guidance should only be applied if there is a change to the value, vesting conditions, or award classification and would not be required if the changes are considered non-substantive. The Company adopted the standard on January 1, 2018 on a prospective basis. The adoption of this ASU did not have an impact on the consolidated financial statements since the Company did not modify its share-based payment awards since adoption of the standard.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. This ASU allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to accumulated earnings for tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”) and requires certain new disclosures. ASU 2018-02 will be effective for the Company for fiscal years beginning after

9


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)



December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The update should be applied either in the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Act is recognized. The Company elected to adopt this ASU in the first quarter of 2018 by making a one-time reclassification in the period of change of stranded tax effects from accumulated other comprehensive income to accumulated earnings related to the change in tax rates resulting from the Act. The reclassified amount of $3.0 million represents the difference between the amount initially recorded directly to accumulated other comprehensive income at the previously enacted US federal corporate income tax rate as of December 31, 2017 and the amount that would have been recorded directly to accumulated other comprehensive income as of December 31, 2017 by using the newly enacted US federal corporate income tax rate.

In March 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-05, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118. The amendments in this update add various Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC) paragraphs pursuant to the issuance of SEC Accounting Bulletin No. 118, Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“SAB 118”). The SEC issued SAB 118 to address concerns about reporting entities’ ability to timely comply with the accounting requirements to recognize all of the effects of the Act in the period of enactment. SAB 118 allows disclosure that timely determination of some or all of the income tax effects from the Act are incomplete by the due date of the financial statements and if possible to provide a reasonable estimate. The Company recorded the effects of the change in the tax law pursuant to SAB 118 as of December 31, 2017. The Company adopted the standard on January 1, 2018. There were no updates to the amounts recorded as of December 31, 2017 during the first six months of 2018.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards Updates

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) that replaces existing lease accounting guidance. The accounting standard will require lessees to recognize a right of use asset and a corresponding lease liability on their balance sheets. The accounting that will be applied by lessors under ASC 842 is largely unchanged from previous GAAP. Certain targeted improvements were made to align, where necessary, lessor accounting with the lessee accounting model and ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. We currently plan to adopt the standard on its effective date of January 1, 2019. We are currently quantifying the expected recognition on our balance sheet for a right to use asset and a lease liability as required by the standard. We do not expect the adoption of the standard to have a significant impact on the consolidated financial statements.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The guidance affects trade receivables and net investments in leases and requires the measurement of expected credit losses to be based on relevant information from past events, including historical experiences, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect collectability. The new guidance will be effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and early adoption is permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Different components of the guidance require modified retrospective and/or prospective adoption. Based on the composition of the Company's receivables, current market conditions and historical credit loss activity, the Company does not expect the adoption of this ASU to have a significant impact on the consolidated financial statements.

In August 2017, FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities. ASU 2017-12 changes the recognition and presentation requirements of hedge accounting, including: eliminating the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness; and presenting all items that affect earnings in the same income statement line item as the hedged item. The ASU also provides new alternatives for: applying hedge accounting to additional hedging strategies; measuring the hedged item in fair value hedges of interest rate risk; reducing the cost and complexity of applying hedge accounting by easing the requirements for effectiveness testing, hedge documentation and application of the critical terms match method; and reducing the risk of material error correction if a company applies the shortcut method inappropriately. This ASU is effective for interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this ASU on the consolidated financial statements.

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07 (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting that expands the scope of Topic 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. An entity should apply the requirements of Topic 718 to nonemployee awards except for certain exemptions specified in the amendment. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim reporting periods within that fiscal year. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of Topic 606. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the guidance on its consolidated financial statements.



10


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)



Note 2—Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair value represents the price that would be received upon the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company uses the following fair value hierarchy when selecting inputs for its valuation techniques, with the highest priority given to Level 1:
Level 1—quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2—inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are either directly or indirectly observable; and
Level 3—unobservable inputs in which little or no market activity exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing.

Fair Value of Debt

The Company does not measure debt, net of unamortized debt costs, at fair value in its consolidated balance sheets. The fair value was measured using Level 2 inputs and the carrying value and fair value are summarized in the following table (in thousands):
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Liabilities
 
 
 
Total debt - carrying value (1)
$
7,348,568

 
$
6,979,877

Total debt - fair value
$
7,328,218

 
$
6,991,537

(1)
Excludes unamortized debt costs of $44.6 million and $40.6 million and purchase price debt adjustments of $21.9 million and $27.5 million as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

Fair Value of Equipment Held for Sale

The Company’s equipment held for sale fair value is measured using Level 2 inputs and is based on recent sales prices and other factors. Equipment held for sale is recorded at the lower of fair value or carrying value and an impairment charge is recorded when the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair value. The following table summarizes the portion of the Company’s equipment held for sale measured at fair value and the cumulative impairment charges recorded to net gain on sale of leasing equipment through the periods summarized below (in thousands):
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Assets
 
 
 
Equipment held for sale - assets at fair value (1)
$
4,193

 
$
6,104

Cumulative impairment charges (2)
$
(1,462
)
 
$
(2,242
)
(1)
Represents the fair value of containers included in equipment held for sale in the consolidated balance sheets that have been impaired to write down the carrying value of the containers to their estimated fair value less cost to sell.
(2)
Represents the cumulative impairment charges recognized on equipment held for sale from the date of designated held for sale status to the indicated period end date.

The Company recognized net impairment charges of $0.5 million and $1.4 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively. The Company recognized net impairment reversals of $0.5 million and $1.0 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively.

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments

The Company has elected to use the income approach to value its interest rate swap and cap agreements, using Level 2 market expectations at the measurement date and standard valuation techniques to convert future amounts to a single present amount (discounted) assuming that participants are motivated, but not compelled to transact. The Level 2 inputs for the interest rate swap and cap valuations are inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability (specifically LIBOR and swap rates, basis swap adjustments and credit risk at commonly quoted intervals).

11


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)



The fair value of derivative instruments on its consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was as follows (in thousands):
 
Asset Derivatives
Liability Derivatives
Derivative Instrument
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Interest rate swap contracts, designated
$
24,347

 
$
3,554

 
$

 
$
2,503

Interest rate swap contracts, not designated
5,119

 
3,822

 

 

Interest rate cap, designated
1

 

 

 

Total derivatives
$
29,467

 
$
7,376

 
$

 
$
2,503


Fair Value of Other Assets and Liabilities

Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, equipment purchases payable and accounts payable carrying amounts approximate fair values because of the short-term nature of these instruments. The Company’s other financial and non-financial assets, which include leasing equipment, finance leases, intangible assets and goodwill, are not required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. However, if certain triggering events occur, or if an annual impairment test is required, and the Company determines that these other financial and non-financial assets are impaired after completing an evaluation, these assets would be written down to their fair value.

Note 3—Share-Based Compensation and Other Equity Matters

The Company recognizes share-based compensation expense for share-based payment transactions based on the grant date’s fair value. The expense is recognized over the employee's requisite service period which is generally the vesting period of the equity award. The Company recognized $3.2 million and $2.2 million of share-based compensation expense in administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and recognized $5.7 million and $3.3 million of share-based compensation expense in administrative expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017. Included in the expense are certain performance-based share expense where the achievement of the performance condition was deemed probable.

As of June 30, 2018, the total unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested restricted shares was approximately $10.5 million, which is expected to be recognized through 2020.

During the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company granted 138,445 time-based restricted shares and canceled 28,838 vested shares to settle payroll taxes on behalf of employees. Additional shares may be accrued and granted based upon the Company's performance measured against selected peers. On May 2, 2018, the Company granted 39,320 shares to non-employee directors at a fair value of $31.85 per share that vested immediately.




12


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)



Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

The following table summarizes the components of accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax, for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 (in thousands):
 
Cash Flow
Hedges
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
Balance as of December 31, 2017
$
31,215

 
$
(4,273
)
 
$
26,942

Change in fair value of derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges
17,464

 

 
17,464

Reclassification of (gain) on interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges
(2,933
)
 

 
(2,933
)
Tax reclassification for the adoption of ASU 2018-02 accumulated earnings
(3,029
)
 

 
(3,029
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment

 
(86
)
 
(86
)
Other comprehensive income
11,502

 
(86
)
 
11,416

Balance as of June 30, 2018
$
42,717

 
$
(4,359
)
 
$
38,358


 
Cash Flow
Hedges
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
Balance as of December 31, 2016
$
31,182

 
$
(4,424
)
 
$
26,758

Change in fair value of derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges
(3,917
)
 

 
(3,917
)
Reclassification of loss on interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges
1,000

 

 
1,000

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 
112

 
112

Other comprehensive income (loss)
(2,917
)
 
112

 
(2,805
)
Balance as of June 30, 2017
$
28,265

 
$
(4,312
)
 
$
23,953


The following table summarizes the reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income (in thousands):
 
Amounts Reclassified From Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
Affected Line Item
in the Consolidated
Statements of Income
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Reclassification of (gain) loss on interest rate swap agreements
$
(1,854
)
 
$
694

 
$
(3,678
)
 
$
1,461

Interest and debt expense
Income tax expense (benefit)
393

 
(204
)
 
745

 
(461
)
Income tax expense
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax
$
(1,461
)
 
$
490

 
$
(2,933
)
 
$
1,000

Net income


13


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)



Note 4—Debt

Debt consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Institutional notes
$
2,239,057

 
$
2,381,000

Asset-backed securitization term notes
3,004,419

 
2,378,470

Term loan facilities
1,496,942

 
1,701,998

Asset-backed warehouse facility
175,000

 
110,000

Revolving credit facilities
340,000

 
305,000

Capital lease obligations
93,150

 
103,409

Total debt outstanding
7,348,568

 
6,979,877

Debt costs
(44,603
)
 
(40,636
)
Unamortized fair value debt adjustment
(21,909
)
 
(27,516
)
Debt, net of unamortized debt costs
$
7,282,056

 
$
6,911,725


The Company is subject to certain financial covenants under its debt agreements. The agreements remain the obligations of the respective subsidiaries, and all related debt covenants are calculated at the subsidiary level. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company was in compliance with all financial covenants in accordance with the terms of its debt agreements.

As of June 30, 2018, the Company had $4,813.0 million of total debt outstanding on facilities with fixed interest rates. These fixed rate facilities had a contractual weighted average interest rate of 4.24%, are scheduled to mature between 2018 and 2029, and had a weighted average remaining term of 4.3 years as of June 30, 2018.

As of June 30, 2018, the Company had $2,535.5 million of debt outstanding on facilities with interest rates based on floating rate indices (LIBOR). These floating rate facilities had a contractual weighted average interest rate of 4.11%, are scheduled to mature between 2018 and 2024, and had a weighted average remaining term of 2.8 years as of June 30, 2018. Including the impact of the Company's interest rate swaps, the contractual weighted average interest rate on its floating rate facilities was 4.01% as of June 30, 2018.

The Company hedges the risks associated with fluctuations in interest rates on a portion of its floating rate borrowings by entering into interest rate swap agreements that convert a portion of its floating rate debt to a fixed rate basis, thus reducing the impact of interest rate changes on future interest expense. As of June 30, 2018, the Company had interest rate swaps in place with a notional amount of $1,225.2 million to fix the floating interest rates on a portion of its floating rate debt obligations, with a weighted average fixed leg interest rate of 1.88% and a weighted average remaining term of 4.1 years.

As of June 30, 2018, the Company had $6,038.2 million of total debt on facilities with fixed interest rates or floating interest rates that have been synthetically fixed through interest rate swap contracts. This accounts for 82.2% of total debt. These facilities had a contractual weighted average interest rate of 4.17% and a weighted average remaining term of 4.2 years as of June 30, 2018.

Overall, the Company's total debt had a contractual weighted average interest rate of 4.16% as of June 30, 2018, including the impact of the swap contracts.

The Company wrote-off $0.5 million of debt related costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and wrote-off a minimal amount of debt related costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017.

Institutional Notes

In accordance with the institutional note agreements, interest payments on the Company's institutional notes are due semi-annually. Institutional note maturities typically range from 7 - 12 years, with level principal payments due annually following an interest-only period. The Company's institutional notes are pre-payable (in whole or in part) at the Company's option at any time, subject to certain provisions in the note agreements, including the payment of a make-whole premium in respect to such prepayment. These facilities provide for an advance rate against the net book values of designated eligible equipment generally in the range

14


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)



from 83% to 85%. These institutional notes had a contractual weighted average interest rate of 4.74% as of June 30, 2018 and are scheduled to mature between 2018 and 2029.

Asset-Backed Securitization Term Notes

Under the Company’s Asset-Backed Securitization (“ABS”) facilities, indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company issue asset-backed notes. The issuance of asset-backed notes is the primary business objective of those subsidiaries. The ABS facilities are intended to be bankruptcy remote so that such assets are not available to creditors of the Company or its affiliates until and unless the related secured borrowings have been fully discharged. These transactions do not meet accounting requirements for sales treatment and are recorded as secured borrowings.

The Company’s borrowings under the ABS facilities amortize in monthly installments, typically in level payments over ten years. These facilities provide for an advance rate against the net book values of designated eligible equipment generally in the range from 77% to 87%. The net book values for purposes of calculating eligible equipment is determined according to the related debt agreement and may be different than those calculated per U.S. GAAP. The Company is required to maintain restricted cash balances on deposit in designated bank accounts equal to three to nine months of interest expense depending on the terms of each facility.

These asset-backed securitization term notes had a contractual weighted average interest rate of 3.87% as of June 30, 2018 and are scheduled to mature between 2018 and 2028.

On March 20, 2018, the Company completed an offering of $450.0 million of Class A and B fixed rate asset-backed notes. The notes have a contractual weighted average interest rate of 3.99% and a scheduled maturity of March 20, 2028.

On June 20, 2018, the Company completed an offering of $367.9 million of Class A and B fixed rate asset-backed notes. The notes have a contractual weighted average interest rate of 4.23% and a scheduled maturity of June 20, 2028.

Term Loan Facilities

The term loan facilities amortize in monthly or quarterly installments. These facilities provide for an advance rate against the net book values of designated eligible equipment generally in the range from 80% to 83%. These term loan facilities had a contractual weighted average interest rate of 4.09% as of June 30, 2018, and are scheduled to mature between 2019 and 2022.

On April 20, 2018, the Company sold an office building for net proceeds of $27.6 million and recorded a gain on sale of $21.0 million. The proceeds of the sale were used to pay off the mortgage balance of $18.3 million plus accrued interest of $0.1 million.

On May 31, 2018, the Company extinguished a term loan and paid the outstanding balance of $93.9 million. The Company wrote-off debt costs of $0.5 million relating to the loan.

Asset-Backed Warehouse Facilities

Under the Company’s asset-backed warehouse facilities, indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company issue asset-backed notes. The issuance of asset-backed notes is the primary business objective of those subsidiaries. The asset-backed warehouse facilities are intended to be bankruptcy remote so that such assets are not available to creditors of the Company or its affiliates until and unless the related secured borrowings have been fully discharged. These transactions do not meet accounting requirements for sales treatment and are recorded as secured borrowings.

The Company has two asset-backed warehouse facilities which have a combined maximum borrowing capacity of $600.0 million. One facility has a maximum borrowing capacity of $200.0 million which is available on a revolving basis until March 10, 2019, after which any borrowings would convert to term notes with a maturity date of March 21, 2022. This facility has a contractual interest rate of three-month LIBOR plus 2.25% margin until the conversion date when it would have a contractual interest rate of three-month LIBOR plus 3.25%. The second facility has a maximum borrowing capacity of $400.0 million which is available on a revolving basis until September 28, 2020, after which any borrowings would convert to term notes with a maturity date of September 20, 2024. This facility has a contractual interest rate of one-month LIBOR plus 1.85% margin until the conversion date when it would have a contractual interest rate of one-month LIBOR plus 2.85%. As of June 30, 2018, the asset-backed warehouse facilities had a contractual weighted average interest rate of 3.93% and are scheduled to mature between 2022 and 2024.

15


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)




During the revolving period, the borrowing capacity under the facilities is determined by applying an advance rate against the net book values of designated eligible equipment. The approximate average advance rate for the two facilities is 80%. The net book values for purposes of calculating eligible equipment is determined according to the related debt agreement and may be different than those calculated per U.S. GAAP. The Company is required to maintain restricted cash balances on deposit in designated bank accounts equal to three to five months of interest expense.

Revolving Credit Facilities

The revolving credit facilities have a maximum borrowing capacity of $1,175.0 million. These facilities provides for an advance rate against the net book values of designated eligible equipment. The approximate average advance rate for these facilities is 83%. The revolving credit facilities had a contractual weighted average interest rate of 4.15% as of June 30, 2018 and are scheduled to mature between 2020 and 2022.

On May 8, 2018, the Company increased its credit limit on one of its asset-backed revolving credit facilities from $1,025.0 million to $1,125.0 million. This revolving credit facility’s contractual weighted average interest rate remained at one-month LIBOR plus 2.00%.

Capital Lease Obligations

The Company has entered into a series of direct finance lease transactions with various financial institutions to finance chassis and containers. Each lease is accounted for as a capital lease, with interest expense recognized on a level yield basis over the period preceding early purchase options, if any, which is generally three to ten years from the transaction date. These agreements have fixed interest rates ranging from 3.26% to 4.93%, and mature between 2018 and 2024.

Note 5—Derivative Instruments

Interest Rate Hedging

The Company enters into interest rate swap agreements to manage interest rate risk exposure. Interest rate swap agreements are utilized to limit the Company's exposure to interest rate risk by converting a portion of its floating rate debt to a fixed rate basis, thus reducing the impact of interest rate changes on future interest expense. These agreements involve the receipt of floating rate amounts in exchange for fixed rate interest payments over the lives of the agreements without an exchange of the underlying principal amounts. The counterparties to the Company's interest rate swap agreements are highly rated financial institutions. In the unlikely event that the counterparties fail to meet the terms of the interest rate swap agreements, the Company's exposure is limited to the interest rate differential on the notional amount at each monthly settlement period over the life of the agreements. The Company does not anticipate any non-performance by the counterparties. Substantially all of the assets of certain indirect, wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company have been pledged as collateral for the underlying indebtedness and the amounts payable under the interest rate swap agreements for each of these entities. In addition, certain assets of the Company's subsidiaries, are pledged as collateral for various credit facilities and the amounts payable under certain interest rate swap agreements.

The Company entered into an interest rate cap agreement during the first quarter of 2018 for a total notional amount of $400.0 million. The agreement is amortizing over a one year term. The Company has designated this interest rate cap agreement as a cash flow hedge for accounting purposes.

As of June 30, 2018, the Company had interest rate swap and cap agreements in place to fix the floating interest rates on a portion of the borrowings under its debt facilities as summarized below:
Derivatives
 
Net Notional Amount
 
Weighted Average
Fixed Leg (Pay) Interest Rate
 
Cap Rate
 
Weighted Average
Remaining Term
Interest rate swaps
 
$
1,225.2
 Million
 
1.88%
 
n/a
 
4.1 years
Interest rate cap
 
$
391.7
 Million
 
n/a
 
2.9%
 
0.6 years





16


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)



The following table summarizes the impact of derivative instruments on the consolidated statements of operations and the consolidated statements of comprehensive income on a pretax basis (in thousands):
 
 
 
Three Months Ended  June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
Derivative instrument
Financial statement caption
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Non-designated interest rate swaps
Realized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net
 
$
(492
)
 
$
283

 
$
(740
)
 
$
882

Non-designated interest rate swaps
Unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net
 
$
(111
)
 
$
789

 
$
(1,297
)
 
$
(709
)
Designated interest rate swaps
Other comprehensive (income) loss
 
$
(6,355
)
 
$
6,716

 
$
(22,168
)
 
$
6,026

Designated interest rate swaps
Interest and debt (income) expense
 
$
(1,854
)
 
$
694

 
$
(3,678
)
 
$
1,461


17


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)



Note 6—Segment and Geographic Information

Segment Information

The Company operates its business in one industry, intermodal transportation equipment, and has two operating segments which also represent its reporting segments:

Equipment leasing—the Company owns, leases and ultimately disposes of containers and chassis from its lease fleet.

Equipment trading—the Company purchases containers from shipping line customers, and other sellers of containers, and resells these containers to container retailers and users of containers for storage or one-way shipment. Included in the equipment trading segment revenues are leasing revenues from equipment purchased for resale that is currently on lease until the containers are dropped off.

These operating segments were determined based on the chief operating decision maker's review and resource allocation of the products and service offered.

The following tables summarize segment information and the consolidated totals reported (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
Equipment
Leasing
 
Equipment
Trading
 
Totals
 
Equipment
Leasing
 
Equipment
Trading
 
Totals
Total leasing revenues
$
328,188

 
$
1,583

 
$
329,771

 
$
280,995

 
$
944

 
$
281,939

Trading margin

 
3,994

 
3,994

 

 
1,328

 
1,328

Net gain on sale of leasing equipment
11,105

 

 
11,105

 
9,639

 

 
9,639

Depreciation and amortization expense
133,810

 
84

 
133,894

 
123,932

 
159

 
124,091

Interest and debt expense
78,641

 
386

 
79,027

 
70,365

 
412

 
70,777

Realized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net
(491
)
 
(1
)
 
(492
)
 
283

 

 
283

Income before income taxes (1)(2)
116,430

 
6,605

 
123,035

 
58,466

 
1,863

 
60,329

(1)
Segment income before income taxes excludes unrealized gains or losses on derivative instruments and the write-off of debt costs. Unrealized gains on derivative instruments of $0.1 million and unrealized losses of $0.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Write-off of debt costs was $0.5 million and a minimal amount for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
(2)
Equipment leasing segment includes gain on sale of an office building of $21.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018.

 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
Equipment
Leasing
 
Equipment
Trading
 
Totals
 
Equipment
Leasing
 
Equipment
Trading
 
Totals
Total leasing revenues
$
642,617

 
$
2,251

 
$
644,868

 
$
545,854

 
$
1,687

 
$
547,541

Trading margin

 
6,985

 
6,985

 

 
1,720

 
1,720

Net gain on sale of leasing equipment
20,323

 

 
20,323

 
14,800

 

 
14,800

Depreciation and amortization expense
263,664

 
663

 
264,327

 
241,653

 
318

 
241,971

Interest and debt expense
153,415

 
710

 
154,125

 
133,493

 
788

 
134,281

Realized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net
(739
)
 
(1
)
 
(740
)
 
882

 

 
882

Income before income taxes (1)(2)
206,396

 
8,821

 
215,217

 
100,098

 
2,178

 
102,276

(1)
Segment income before income taxes excludes unrealized gains or losses on derivative instruments and the write-off of debt costs. Unrealized gains on derivative instruments were $1.3 million and $0.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Write-off of debt costs was $0.5 million and a minimal amount for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
(2)
Equipment leasing segment includes gain on sale of an office building of $21.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018.




18


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)



 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
Equipment
Leasing
 
Equipment
Trading
 
Totals
 
Equipment
Leasing
 
Equipment
Trading
 
Totals
Equipment held for sale
$
25,712

 
$
24,356

 
$
50,068

 
$
31,534

 
$
11,661

 
$
43,195

Goodwill
220,864

 
15,801

 
236,665

 
220,864

 
15,801

 
236,665

Total assets
10,055,673

 
54,443

 
10,110,116

 
9,534,330

 
43,295

 
9,577,625


There are no intercompany revenues or expenses between segments. Certain administrative expenses have been allocated between segments based on an estimate of services provided to each segment. A portion of the Company's equipment purchased for resale was purchased through certain sale-leaseback transactions with its shipping line customers. Due to the expected longer term nature of these transactions, these purchases are reflected as leasing equipment as opposed to equipment held for sale and the cash flows associated with these transactions are reflected as purchases of leasing equipment and proceeds from the sale of equipment in investing activities in the Company's consolidated statements of cash flows.

Geographic Segment Information

The Company generates the majority of its leasing revenues from international containers which are deployed by its customers in a wide variety of global trade routes. The majority of the Company's leasing related revenue is denominated in U.S. dollars.

The following table summarizes the geographic allocation of equipment leasing revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 based on the Company's customers' primary domicile (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Total equipment leasing revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asia
$
134,751

 
$
120,393

 
$
264,941

 
$
234,770

Europe
154,482

 
123,294

 
298,131

 
242,663

Americas
30,102

 
27,560

 
61,152

 
49,449

Other International
9,715

 
10,417

 
19,310

 
20,268

Bermuda
721

 
275

 
1,334

 
391

Total
$
329,771

 
$
281,939

 
$
644,868

 
$
547,541


Since the majority of the Company's containers are used internationally, where no one container is domiciled in one particular place for a prolonged period of time, all of the Company's long-lived assets are considered to be international.

The following table summarizes the geographic allocation of equipment trading revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 based on the location of the sale (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Total equipment trading revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asia
$
3,261

 
$
6,523

 
$
5,715

 
$
8,480

Europe
5,064

 
2,632

 
9,353

 
4,218

Americas
7,773

 
2,580

 
12,757

 
3,699

Other International
2,001

 
998

 
3,649

 
1,820

Bermuda

 
22

 

 
22

Total
$
18,099

 
$
12,755

 
$
31,474

 
$
18,239



19


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)



Note 7—Commitments and Contingencies

Lease Commitments

The Company has cancelable and non-cancelable operating lease agreements principally for facilities and office equipment used in the Company’s operations. Total operating lease rental expense included in administrative expenses on the consolidated statements of operations was $0.7 million and $0.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Total operating lease rental expense included in administrative expenses on the consolidated statements of operations was $1.4 million and $1.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Contingencies

The Company is party to various pending or threatened legal or regulatory proceedings arising in the ordinary course of its business. Based upon information presently available, the Company does not expect any liabilities arising from these matters to have a material effect on the consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows of the Company.

Container Equipment Purchase Commitments

At June 30, 2018, the Company had commitments to purchase equipment in the amount of $269.9 million payable in 2018.

Severance Plan

The Company established severance plans in order to provide severance benefits to eligible employees who are involuntarily terminated for reasons other than cause, or who resign for “good reason”. Employees eligible for benefits under the severance plans would receive a severance and other benefits based upon their tenure. The following table summarizes changes to the Company’s total severance balance (in thousands):
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
9,677

Accrual

Payments / Adjustments
(4,363
)
Balance at June 30, 2018
$
5,314


Note 8—Income Taxes

The Company's effective tax rates were 13.0% and 19.3% for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, and 12.2% and 18.1% for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company has computed the provision for income taxes based on the estimated annual effective tax rate and the application of discrete items, if any, in the applicable period. The decrease in the effective tax rate is primarily due to a decrease in the U.S. federal income tax rate from 35% to 21% resulting from passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act on December 22, 2017.


20


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)



Note 9—Related Party Transactions

The Company holds a 50% interest in TriStar Container Services (Asia) Private Limited (“TriStar”), which is primarily engaged in the selling and leasing of container equipment in the domestic and short sea markets in India. The Company's equity investment in TriStar is included in other assets on the consolidated balance sheet. The following table summarizes payments, direct finance lease, and a loan payable balance with TriStar (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Payments received from TriStar on direct finance leases
$
450

 
$
472

 
$
962

 
$
896

Payments received from TriStar on loan payable
$

 
$
43

 
$

 
$
85

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Direct finance lease balance
 
$
11,203

 
$
10,648

Loan payable balance
 
$

 
$


Note 10—Subsequent Events

Quarterly Dividend

On August 1, 2018, the Company's Board of Directors approved and declared a $0.52 per share quarterly cash dividend on its issued and outstanding common shares, payable on September 25, 2018 to shareholders of record at the close of business on September 4, 2018.

Term Loan Facilities

On August 1, 2018, the Company extended the term on one of its term loan facilities by three years. This facility will mature in April 2022.

Share Repurchase Authorization

On August 1, 2018, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $200 million of its common shares.



21



ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The statements in this discussion regarding industry outlook, our expectations regarding our future performance, liquidity and capital resources and other non-historical statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties described under "Risk Factors" and "Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements" as discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 with the SEC on February 27, 2018 (the "Form 10-K"), in this Report on Form 10-Q and in any Form 10-Q filed or to be filed by us, and in other documents we file SEC from time to time. Our actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements.

Our Company

Triton International Limited is the world's largest lessor of intermodal containers. Intermodal containers are large, standardized steel boxes used to transport freight by ship, rail or truck. Because of the handling efficiencies they provide, intermodal containers are the primary means by which many goods and materials are shipped internationally. We also lease chassis which are used for the transportation of containers.

We operate our business in one industry, intermodal transportation equipment, and have two business segments, which also represent our reporting segments:

Equipment leasing - we own, lease and ultimately dispose of containers and chassis from our lease fleet.

Equipment trading - we purchase containers from shipping line customers, and other sellers of containers, and resell these containers to container retailers and users of containers for storage or one-way shipment.

Operations

Our consolidated operations include the acquisition, leasing, re-leasing and subsequent sale of multiple types of intermodal containers and chassis. As of June 30, 2018, our total fleet consisted of 3.6 million containers and chassis, representing 6.0 million twenty-foot equivalent units ("TEU") or 7.4 million cost equivalent units ("CEU"). We have an extensive global presence, offering leasing service through offices strategically located in 15 countries and a network of approximately 400 third party container depot facilities in approximately 45 countries as of June 30, 2018. Our primary customers include the world's largest container shipping lines. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, our twenty largest customers accounted for 85% of our lease billings, our five largest customers accounted for 54% of our lease billings, and our two largest customers, CMA CGM S.A. and MSC Mediterranean Shipping Company S.A., accounted for 20% and 14% of our lease billings, respectively.
    
We lease five types of equipment: (1) dry containers, which are used for general cargo such as manufactured component parts, consumer staples, electronics and apparel, (2) refrigerated containers, which are used for perishable items such as fresh and frozen foods, (3) special containers, which are used for heavy and over-sized cargo such as marble slabs, building products and machinery, (4) tank containers, which are used to transport bulk liquid products such as chemicals, and (5) chassis, which are used for the transportation of containers. Our in-house equipment sales group manages the sale process for our used containers and chassis from our equipment leasing fleet and buys and sells new and used containers and chassis acquired from third parties.


22



The following tables summarize our equipment fleet as of June 30, 2018, December 31, 2017 and June 30, 2017 indicated in units, TEU and CEU.
 
Equipment Fleet in Units
 
Equipment Fleet in TEU
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
June 30,
2017
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
June 30,
2017
Dry
3,243,032

 
3,077,144

 
2,903,880

 
5,307,306

 
5,000,043

 
4,721,780

Refrigerated
227,040

 
218,429

 
218,238

 
437,038

 
419,673

 
419,170

Special
91,688

 
89,066

 
81,884

 
165,002

 
159,172

 
143,954

Tank
12,201

 
12,124

 
11,956

 
12,201

 
12,124

 
11,956

Chassis
23,405

 
22,523

 
21,468

 
42,884

 
41,068

 
38,933

Equipment leasing fleet
3,597,366

 
3,419,286

 
3,237,426

 
5,964,431

 
5,632,080

 
5,335,793

Equipment trading fleet
15,406

 
10,510

 
14,991

 
23,622

 
16,907

 
23,580

Total
3,612,772

 
3,429,796

 
3,252,417

 
5,988,053

 
5,648,987

 
5,359,373


 
Equipment Fleet in CEU (1)
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
June 30, 2017
Operating leases
7,047,168

 
6,678,282

 
6,384,590

Finance leases
320,763

 
328,024

 
354,727

Equipment trading fleet
56,048

 
51,762

 
62,969

Total
7,423,979

 
7,058,068

 
6,802,286

(1)
In the equipment fleet tables above, we have included total fleet count information based on CEU. CEU is a ratio used to convert the actual number of containers in our fleet to a figure based on the relative purchase prices of our various equipment types to that of a 20 foot dry container. For example, the CEU ratio for a 40 foot high cube dry container is 1.68, and a 40 foot high cube refrigerated container is 10.0. The CEU ratios used in this calculation are from our debt covenants and may differ slightly from CEU ratios used by others in the industry.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The following table summarizes the percentage of our equipment fleet in units and CEU as of June 30, 2018:
Equipment Type
Percentage of
total fleet in
units
 
Percentage of total
fleet in CEU
Dry
89.9
%
 
62.4
%
Refrigerated
6.3

 
30.0

Special
2.5

 
2.9

Tank
0.3

 
2.6

Chassis
0.6

 
1.3

Equipment leasing fleet
99.6

 
99.2

Equipment trading fleet
0.4

 
0.8

Total
100.0
%
 
100.0
%

We generally lease our equipment on a per diem basis to our customers under three types of leases:

Long-term leases, typically with initial contractual terms ranging from three to eight years, provide us with stable cash flow and low transaction costs by requiring customers to maintain specific units on-hire for the duration of the lease.
Finance leases, which are typically structured as full payout leases, provide for a predictable recurring revenue stream with the lowest cost to the customer as customers are generally required to retain the equipment for the duration of its useful life.
Service leases command a premium per diem rate in exchange for providing customers with a greater level of operational flexibility by allowing the pick-up and drop-off of units during the lease term.

We also have expired long-term leases whose fixed terms have ended but for which the related units remain on-hire and for which we continue to receive rental payments pursuant to the terms of the initial contract. Some leases have contractual terms that

23



have features reflective of both long-term and service leases and we classify such leases as either long-term or service leases, depending upon which features we believe are predominant.

The following table summarizes our lease portfolio by lease type, based on CEU on-hire as of June 30, 2018, December 31, 2017 and June 30, 2017:
Lease Portfolio
June 30,
2018

December 31,
2017

June 30,
2017
Long-term leases
71.1
%
 
72.2
%
 
71.2
%
Finance leases
4.6

 
4.9

 
5.6

Service leases
13.3

 
14.1

 
15.3

Expired long-term leases (units on-hire)
11.0

 
8.8

 
7.9

Total
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%

As of June 30, 2018, December 31, 2017 and June 30, 2017, our long-term and finance leases combined had an average remaining contractual term of approximately 43 months, 43 months, and 40 months, respectively, assuming no leases are renewed.

Operating Performance

Market conditions remained favorable in the second quarter of 2018. Demand for our containers was supported by several factors, including solid trade growth, an increased preference for leasing relative to direct container purchases by our shipping line customers, and a strong market share for Triton. The supply of containers remained well controlled, with a moderate inventory of available new containers and a very limited inventory of available used leasing containers. New container prices and market lease rates held steady during the quarter, while used container sale prices increased, highlighting the low availability of used containers for sale due to the favorable global supply / demand balance for containers. Pick-up activity for our containers was strong in the second quarter, reflecting the start of the traditional peak season for dry containers and the continued favorable market environment. Container pick-up and new lease transaction activity remains strong at the start of the third quarter.

We are currently facing increased market uncertainty due to the imposition of new tariffs on selected goods traded between the United States and China. Currently, these tariffs impact a very small portion of global trade, and we have not seen a noticeable impact on container demand. Many of our customers have also indicated to us that they have not experienced meaningful disruptions to their container flows. However, it is possible that they may start to have a noticeable impact on cargo flows and container demand.

Fleet size.    As of June 30, 2018, our fleet had a net book value of $9,276.9 million, which represents an increase of 13.0% as compared to June 30, 2017. The increase in our fleet size was due to significant investments in new containers during 2017 and the first six months of 2018.

We expect to continue to benefit from solid trade growth, an increase in the share of new containers purchased by leasing companies and an increase in our share of new leasing transactions. As of August 6, 2018, we have invested $1.4 billion in containers for delivery in 2018.

Utilization.    Our average utilization was 98.8% during the second quarter of 2018, an increase from 98.6% in the first quarter of 2018 and an increase from 96.5% in the second quarter of 2017. Our utilization is currently 98.8%. Our high utilization is supported by the current favorable supply / demand balance for containers.

The following table summarizes the equipment fleet utilization(1) for the periods indicated below.
 
Quarter Ended
 
June 30,
2018
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
 
September 30,
2017
 
June 30,
2017
Average Utilization (1)
98.8
%
 
98.6
%
 
98.3
%
 
97.6
%
 
96.5
%
Ending Utilization (1)
98.7
%
 
98.7
%
 
98.6
%
 
98.0
%
 
97.1
%
(1)
Utilization is computed by dividing our total units on lease (in CEU) by the total units in our fleet (in CEU) excluding new units not yet leased and off-hire units designated for sale.



24



Average lease rates.    Average lease rates for our dry container product line increased by 5.0% in the second quarter of 2018 compared to the second quarter of 2017. Market lease rates for new dry containers are currently slightly above the average lease rates of our dry container lease portfolio.

However, we have a large number of dry container leases which are expired or will expire in 2018, and we could face pressure on our average dry container lease rates if new container prices and market lease rates were to decrease.

Average lease rates for our refrigerated container product line decreased by 2.7% in the second quarter of 2018 compared to the second quarter of 2017. The cost of refrigerated containers has trended down over the last few years, which has led to lower market lease rates. Market lease rates for refrigerated containers have also been pressured for several years by new leasing company entrants. Market lease rates for refrigerated containers remain below the average lease rates of our refrigerated container lease portfolio, and we expect our average lease rates for refrigerated containers to continue to trend down.

The average lease rates for special containers remained flat in the second quarter of 2018 compared to the second quarter of 2017. Current market lease rates for special containers are comparable to the average lease rates in our lease portfolio.

Equipment disposals. Average used dry container disposal prices increased by 24% compared to the second quarter of 2017, reflecting the tight supply / demand for leasing containers, low drop-off volumes and reduced inventories of containers held for sale. Disposal volumes of our used leasing containers remained relatively low in the second quarter due to our reduced inventory of containers held for sale. Disposal volumes of new and used trading containers were relatively high in the second quarter due to ongoing activity under transactions negotiated with third parties.

Credit Risk.    We faced minimal credit losses in the second quarter of 2018, and we recorded a slight credit-related gain in the first and second quarters due to recoveries on doubtful accounts. However, our credit risk is currently elevated due to the ongoing financial pressure faced by our shipping line customers. The container shipping industry has faced several years of excess vessel capacity, weak freight rates and poor financial results due to aggressive ordering of mega container vessels. Most of our customers have recently generated financial losses and many are burdened with high levels of debt. We anticipate the high volume of new vessels entering service over the next several years will complicate our customers’ efforts to increase freight rates, and we expect our customers’ financial performance will remain under pressure for some time. The recent tariffs imposed on certain goods traded between the United States and China and the threat of additional tariffs could lead to reduced trade, lower freight rates and even more financial pressure on our customers.

We expect it will become more difficult for us to mitigate our exposure to credit risks in the future through the purchase of credit insurance. We let our credit insurance policies lapse at expiration since underwriters offered significantly reduced coverage and required a meaningful increase in insurance premiums. We currently have obtained a more limited credit insurance policy covering accounts receivable owed by some of our customers. This policy offers significantly reduced protections against a major customer default compared to the credit insurance we had in place previously, and the policy has exclusions and payment and other limitations, and therefore will not protect us from losses arising from customer defaults. We continue to monitor the availability and pricing of credit insurance and related products.

Dividends

We paid the following quarterly dividends during the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 on our issued and outstanding common shares:
Record Date
 
Payment
Date
 
Aggregate
Payment
 
Per Share
Payment
June 1, 2018
 
June 22, 2018
 
$41.6 Million
 
$0.52
March 12, 2018
 
March 28, 2018
 
$36.0 Million
 
$0.45
June 1, 2017
 
June 22, 2017
 
$33.2 Million
 
$0.45
March 20, 2017
 
March 30, 2017
 
$33.2 Million
 
$0.45



25



Results of Operations

The following table summarizes our results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 (in thousands).
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Leasing revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating leases
$
324,954

 
$
276,160

 
$
635,185

 
$
535,745

Finance leases
4,817

 
5,779

 
9,683

 
11,796

Total leasing revenues
329,771

 
281,939

 
644,868

 
547,541

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equipment trading revenues
18,099

 
12,755

 
31,474

 
18,239

Equipment trading expenses
(14,105
)
 
(11,427
)
 
(24,489
)
 
(16,519
)
Trading margin
3,994

 
1,328

 
6,985

 
1,720

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net gain on sale of leasing equipment
11,105

 
9,639

 
20,323

 
14,800

Net gain on sale of building
20,953

 

 
20,953

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
133,894

 
124,091

 
264,327

 
241,971

Direct operating expenses
10,195

 
15,609

 
21,243

 
37,563

Administrative expenses
20,775

 
22,068

 
40,357

 
45,035

Transaction and other (income) costs
(1
)
 
836

 
(30
)
 
3,308

(Benefit) provision for doubtful accounts
(25
)
 
(113
)
 
(126
)
 
461

Total operating expenses
164,838

 
162,491

 
325,771

 
328,338

Operating income
200,985

 
130,415

 
367,358

 
235,723

Other expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest and debt expense
79,027

 
70,777

 
154,125

 
134,281

Realized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net
(492
)
 
283

 
(740
)
 
882

Unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net
(111
)
 
789

 
(1,297
)
 
(709
)
Write-off of debt costs
503

 
43

 
503

 
43

Other (income), net
(585
)
 
(974
)
 
(1,244
)
 
(1,716
)
Total other expenses
78,342

 
70,918

 
151,347

 
132,781

Income before income taxes
122,643

 
59,497

 
216,011

 
102,942

Income tax expense
15,890

 
11,483

 
26,393

 
18,625

Net income
$
106,753

 
$
48,014

 
$
189,618

 
$
84,317

Less: income attributable to noncontrolling interest
1,883

 
2,343

 
3,856

 
4,035

Net income attributable to shareholders
$
104,870

 
$
45,671

 
$
185,762

 
$
80,282




26



The following table summarizes our comparative results of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 (in thousands).
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
Variance
Leasing revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
Operating leases
$
324,954

 
$
276,160

 
$
48,794

Finance leases
4,817

 
5,779

 
(962
)
Total leasing revenues
329,771

 
281,939

 
47,832

 
 
 
 
 


Equipment trading revenues
18,099

 
12,755

 
5,344

Equipment trading expenses
(14,105
)
 
(11,427
)
 
(2,678
)
Trading margin
3,994

 
1,328

 
2,666

 
 
 
 
 


Net gain on sale of leasing equipment
11,105

 
9,639

 
1,466

Net gain on sale of building
20,953

 

 
20,953

 
 
 
 
 


Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 

Depreciation and amortization
133,894

 
124,091

 
9,803

Direct operating expenses
10,195

 
15,609

 
(5,414
)
Administrative expenses
20,775

 
22,068

 
(1,293
)
Transaction and other (income) costs
(1
)
 
836

 
(837
)
(Benefit) provision for doubtful accounts
(25
)
 
(113
)
 
88

Total operating expenses
164,838

 
162,491

 
2,347

Operating income
200,985

 
130,415

 
70,570

Other expenses:
 
 
 
 

Interest and debt expense
79,027

 
70,777

 
8,250

Realized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net
(492
)
 
283

 
(775
)
Unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net
(111
)
 
789

 
(900
)
Write-off of debt costs
503

 
43

 
460

Other (income), net
(585
)
 
(974
)
 
389

Total other expenses
78,342

 
70,918

 
7,424

Income before income taxes
122,643

 
59,497

 
63,146

Income tax expense
15,890

 
11,483

 
4,407

Net income
$
106,753

 
$
48,014

 
$
58,739

Less: income attributable to noncontrolling interest
1,883

 
2,343

 
(460
)
Net income attributable to shareholders
$
104,870

 
$
45,671

 
$
59,199


27



Comparison of the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017

Leasing revenues.    Per diem revenue represents revenue earned under operating lease contracts. Fee and ancillary lease revenue represents fees billed for the pick-up and drop-off of containers in certain geographic locations and billings of certain reimbursable operating costs such as repair and handling expenses. Finance lease revenue represents interest income earned under finance lease contracts.
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
Variance
 
(in thousands)
Leasing revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
Operating lease revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
Per diem revenues
$
314,123

 
$
265,570

 
$
48,553

Fee and ancillary revenue
10,831

 
10,590

 
241

Total operating lease revenues
324,954

 
276,160

 
48,794

Finance leases
4,817

 
5,779

 
(962
)
Total leasing revenues
$
329,771

 
$
281,939

 
$
47,832


Total leasing revenues were $329.8 million, net of lease intangible amortization of $15.2 million, for the three months ended June 30, 2018, compared to $281.9 million, net of lease intangible amortization of $22.6 million, in the same period in 2017, an increase of $47.9 million.

Per diem revenues were $314.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to $265.6 million in the same period in 2017, an increase of $48.5 million. The primary reasons for this increase are as follows:
$34.1 million increase due to an increase of 672,969 CEU in the average number of containers on-hire under operating leases;
$7.0 million increase due to an increase in average CEU per diem rates, excluding the impact of a reduction in amortization of the lease intangible; and
$7.4 million increase due to reduced lease intangible amortization.

Fee and ancillary lease revenues were $10.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to $10.6 million in the same period in 2017, an increase of $0.2 million. The increase was due to an increase in redelivery fees relating to an increase in the volume of container redeliveries.

Finance lease revenues were $4.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to $5.8 million in the same period in 2017, a decrease of $1.0 million. The decrease was mainly due to a reduction in the size of our finance lease portfolio.

Trading margin.    Trading margin was $4.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to $1.3 million in the same period in 2017, an increase of $2.7 million. The increase was due to an increase in both trading volume and per unit margins.

Net gain on sale of leasing equipment.    Gain on sale of equipment was $11.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to $9.6 million in the same period in 2017, an increase of