Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 126-2 of the Exchange Act. Yes o No x
As of July 10, 2018 the aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates was approximately $0.
As of July 10, 2018, the Company had outstanding 8,944,909,409 shares of its common stock, par value $0.00001.
Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. (Pacific Gold or the Company) is engaged in the identification, acquisition, and development of mining prospects believed to have known gold, tungsten or uranium/vanadium mineral deposits. The main objective is to identify and develop commercially viable mineral deposits on prospects over which the company has rights that could produce revenues. Development of commercially viable mineral deposits of any metal includes a high degree of risk which careful evaluation, experience and factual knowledge may not eliminate, and therefore, we may never produce any significant revenues.
The Company was originally incorporated in Nevada on December 31, 1996 under the name of Demand Financial International, Ltd. On October 3, 2002, Demand Financial International, Ltd. changed its name to Blue Fish Entertainment, Inc. On August 5, 2003, the name was changed to Pacific Gold Corp. On August 22, 2017, the Company relocated its incorporation to the state of Wyoming and changed its name to Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. Additionally, on August 22, 2017, the Company changed its authorized common shares to 50,000,000,000 and changed its common share par value to $0.00001. The effect of this change was retroactively applied to the December 31, 2016 common stock and additional paid-in capital.
On July 28th, 2017, the Company and the SEC settled an action brought by the SEC whereby the Company would consent to its deregistering of its common shares. On August 4, 2017 the Companys common shares were deregistered. On October 4th, 2017 the Company file a new 10-12G registration.
Projects and Royalties
Black Rock Canyon Mine (formerly Nevada Rae Gold, Inc.)
On July 15, 2015, the Company sold all of its interest in Nevada Rae Gold, Inc. and the Black Rock Canyon Mine for the following consideration: $300,000, which was all used to satisfy some of the immediate accounts payable of Nevada Rae Gold, Inc.; $100,000 that was paid to the Company in July 2016, of which $54,777 was used to satisfy remaining payroll liability taxes; and a royalty of 4% on all Nevada Rae Gold, Inc. gold sales up to a maximum royalty of $720,000. All of the payments are subject to a 10% finders fee which has not yet been paid.
Project W (formerly Pilot Mountain Resources Inc.)
Pilot Mountain Resources Inc. (PMR) was merged into Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. on September 30, 2013.
On February 8, 2011 the Company entered into an Option and Asset Sale Agreement with Pilot Metals Inc. for the purchase of Project W. The main terms called for a payment of $50,000 for a 100 day initial option for Pilot Metals Inc. to conduct due diligence. At the end of the option period Pilot Metals had the right to exercise a second option for $450,000. The Agreement called for further payments 2 years after the date of the second option of $500,000 (failing payment the Agreement would terminate) and further payments of $500,000 on the third anniversary and $500,000 on the fourth anniversary. On payment of the final $500,000 payment ownership would transfer to Pilot Metals. In lieu of making the final payment Pilot Metals could elect a joint venture with the Company. Additionally the Agreement called for a payment of $1,000,000 to the Company upon the commencement of commercial mining at Project W.
On February 25th, 2011 the Company confirmed payment of the initial $50,000 option fee.
On September 8, 2011 Pilot Metals elected to exercise the second option and made a payment to the Company of $450,000.
On July 2nd, 2013 the Company entered into an amendment of the original Agreement for the payments of $500,000 each on the 2nd, 3rd and 4th anniversaries to $350,000 on July 8, 2013, which was received by the Company, and $850,000 on March 31, 2014.
On February 18, 2014, the Company completed another amendment to its Option and Asset Sale Agreement with Pilot Metals Inc. As amended, instead of $850,000 to be paid on March 31, 2014 and $1,000,000 on the commencement of commercial mining, the Company received $200,000 on February 18, 2014 and received $400,000 on March 31, 2014, with $1,500,000 now to be received on the commencement of commercial mining.
The payments made to the Company from Pilot Metals Inc. are subject to a 15% secondary royalty to be paid from the Company to Platoro West, Inc.
On November 22, 2017, the Company executed an Agreement with Pilot Metals Inc. to sell its remaining royalty interest in Project W for $125,000.
Graysill Vanadium/Uranium Mining Claims
The Company owns 40 unpatented federal lode mining claims, in San Juan and Dolores Counties, Colorado, staked in August 2006; immediately southeast of Bolam Pass. The lead claim file number for the file is San Juan County 145097 and Delores County 00150911.The claims are located within the San Juan Mountains, north of Durango, Colorado. The claims are situated on federal land. They cover approximately 800 acres of very rugged, mountainous terrain. The claims are subject to an annual renewal fee of $155 each, paid yearly by the Company to the BLM prior to September 1st of each year along with a notice of intent to hold the claims. The mining claims were acquired by staking land owned by the BLM. The staking process involved a physical visit to the site using a GPS to locate USGS corner posts and then placer location monuments at the 4 corners of each prospective claim. Subsequently a field map is prepared and then the claim location notices are filed with the proper county of location and once stamped by the county the claims are then submitted to the Colorado BLM with the appropriate location fee and advance renewal fee of $155 per claim for the subsequent year.
Description and Location
The claims are located at an elevation of 11,000 feet above mean sea level and are accessible by a dirt road that is maintained during the summer months by the United States Forest Service. The property, which is referred to as the Graysill Property, encompasses the historic Graysill Mine, a past producer of vanadium and uranium ore. Based on generally available public information, the Graysill Mine is known to have produced vanadium and by-product uranium during a period of approximately twenty years after World War II. It is generally estimated that before the mine ceased production in the early 1960s, approximately 32,000 tons of ore were mined with a reported grade of approximately 2.41% vanadium pentoxide and 0.09% uranium oxide. No assurance can be given that these reportable grades will be matched in future explorations and operations if commenced.
Vanadium is primarily used as a steel additive to strengthen it. Vanadium also is compatible with titanium, therefore vanadium foil is used in cladding titanium to steel. Vanadium also is a suitable material for the inner structure of a fusion reactor. Several vanadium alloys show superconducting behavior. Certain vanadium oxides are used in chemical reactions for the production of other products, such as sulfuric acid, ceramics and glass coatings.
Uranium has many uses, notably in the energy and military sectors. Medical and scientific uses are also important within the uranium industry, including for medical diagnostics, cell and medical research and scientific dating.
The property is underlain by a gently dipping assemblage of Paleozoic and Mesozoic sedimentary rocks within which vanadium and uranium occurs in many of the rock units in a stratabound manner, exhibiting little or no apparent relationship to regional structural trends. Although vanadium and uranium occurrences are ubiquitous and are known to exist in over 20 distinctly different sedimentary units in the vicinity of the property of American Uranium, the Pennsylvanian-Permian Rico Formation and the Upper Jurassic Entrada Sandstone are the only formations which have been mined previously for vanadium and uranium. Most of the past production has come from the Entrada Sandstone. Historically, there have been a number of uraniferous vanadium deposits developed in the Entrada Sandstone along a sinuous trend extending in a north-south direction for over 100 miles. This trend coincides with a major structural feature representing a transitional zone between the Colorado Plateau and the Southern Rocky Mountain physiographic provinces.
There is no modern determination of mineral reserves, which means there is no current evaluation of the economic or legally extractable or producible mineral deposits within the claims owned by the Company.
The Company has not completed any work on the property aside from an on-site inspection by a mining engineer.
There are currently no usable facilities or infrastructure on the property.
The Company has begun its exploration and development program as outlined below under the heading Business Plan.
No sources of water or power have yet been secured or identified at the property.
A geologist consulting firm, World Industrial Minerals, in April 2012, performed various evaluations of the Graysill uranium - vanadium mine located in Dolores and San Juan Counties Colorado USA. The engagement is broken into several phases, set forth below, and each is dependent on the successful completion of the earlier phases and the existence of positive results that justify the next phases. The engagement of the above firm is on the basis of a general work order for specific tasks. In the case of phase one, the company and the consulting firm agreed upon the work to be done and the time frame. There is no long term contract. The company is not obligated to continue to engage the above firm for future phases of the evaluation process, and the company believes that there are other firms available to carry out all or portions of the continued evaluative work. Therefore, investors should understand that at any point in the geological evaluation, it may be determined not to proceed, and in that case the expense of the evaluation will not be recoverable.
Phase 1: Detailed research of the existing mine, including the geology and potential for ultimate production. This phase will include location and assessment of all available literature on the existing mine and provision of a summary report of the findings. This report will include recommendations about the future work to be performed in respect of the exploration and production of the property. This report will also suggest budgeting requirements for the subsequent phases.
Phase 2: Field Evaluation of property and mine during summer field season. This work will be directed by results of research phase.
Phase 3: Exploration program drilling, sampling of old workings. This work will be directed by results of the field evaluation. Because of the short field season, it is possible that certain samplings by drilling may take place before the commencement of phase two.
Phase 4: Prepare NI-43-101 Report of exploration efforts.
Phase one was completed in May 2012, and the Company is now evaluating the report assessing the availability of information about the claims and the recommendations for the next phases of work that needs to be done.
The cost of phase one of the project was $21,000 and included all customary expenses (phone, report preparation, map work etc.). The costs for phases two through four will each be dependent on the results of the prior phase of work being completed and the recommendations of the consultant geologists.
After assessment of the phase one report, together with the test results, the Company has determined that Phase 2 and 3 should proceed. The Company will have to pursue fund raising activities to fund the exploration it plans to implement. Because it is very early stages of the exploration phases and the overall viability of the mining property has not been assessed, the Company has not developed a full plan or budget. Investors should be aware that as an early exploratory company, there may not be any conclusive results or the results of the initial exploration will indicate that the mining property is not viable. Therefore, investors will not be able to realize any gain on their investment.
Currently, we do not have any direct competition with respect to the specific claims that the Company owns. Within the industry of vanadium and uranium, if we were to develop production capacity, the Company would compete with other suppliers of these minerals. Because minerals are sourced world-wide, our competition would include companies operating in diverse locations such as Africa, Australia, the Peoples Republic of China and the Americas. The companies that commonly are producing minerals of this nature are large capitalization companies, with established mining clams and operations. Their deposits are often refined and sold through related parties or to and through companies with which they have long standing relationships. In some countries which are seeking to develop their mineral resource capabilities, there are direct and indirect subsidies and supports that give these producers market advantage. In the United States, we will also have to face the competitive differential imposed by a body of sophisticated, comprehensive environmental laws that cover mining, transportation, refining and distribution of minerals. Additionally, since there are dangerous aspects to the operation of shaft mining and associated with vanadium and uranium, there is a body of worker protection and similar laws that we will have to comply with. These may be more restrictive and costly rules than our competitors have to follow, which would make our operations more expensive and less competitive in the world market.
In terms of developing our business plan and conducting exploration and later mineral deposit development, we also expect to compete for qualified geological and environmental experts to assist us in our exploration of mining prospects, as well as any other consultants, employees and equipment that we may require in order to conduct our operations.
Currently, there is significant competition for financial capital to be deployed in mining and mineral extraction, particularly in relation to the oil and gas extractive industries. Therefore, it is difficult for smaller mineral companies such as Pacific Metals to attract investment for its exploration activities. We cannot give any assurances that we will be able to compete for capital funds, and without adequate financial resources management cannot assure that the company will be able to compete in exploration activities and ultimately in mineral deposit development, production and sales.
The exploration and development of a mining prospect is subject to regulation by a number of federal and state government authorities. These include the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Bureau of Land Management as well as the various state environmental protection agencies. The regulations address many environmental issues relating to air, soil and water contamination and apply to many mining related activities including exploration, mine construction, mineral extraction, ore milling, water use, waste disposal and use of toxic substances. In addition, we are subject to regulations relating to labor standards, occupational health and safety, mine safety, general land use, export of minerals and taxation. Many of the regulations require permits or licenses to be obtained and the filing of Notices of Intent and Plans of Operations, the absence of which or inability to obtain will adversely affect the ability for us to conduct our exploration, development and operation activities. The failure to comply with the regulations and terms of permits and licenses may result in fines or other penalties or in revocation of a permit or license or loss of a prospect.
For the purposes of exploration drilling, the company will be subject to the approval of a plan of operations submitted to the US Forest Service and/or the BLM. Additionally, the plan of operations for exploration drilling will have to be approved by the Colorado Division of Reclamation, Mining and Safety and the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. Once the plan of operations is approved by these agencies, the company must post a bond with the state prior to commencing any exploration work that disturbs the ground in a material manner, which bond amount will cover reclaimation and other costs in the event the Company fails to act in accordance with its plan.
The preparation and filing of the plan of operations for exploration drilling and the associated permitting is not difficult process because of the limited intrusion into the land. The Company believes that once it has the necessary reports that it will be able to formulate a plan and obtain the necessary permits. The permits related to the number of drill sites, the location, and the extent of the drilling, as well as the expected disruption to the land and the necessary steps for reclaimation.
In the future, if and when the Company progresses to establishing a mining operation, in order to begin operating a mine, the Company must have an approved plan of operations with the US Forest Service and/or BLM, an approved Air permit with the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, an approved water pollution control permit with the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, an approved and acceptable bond with the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment and US Forest Service and/or BLM, any business license required by the relevant counties and must also abide by al Mine Safety and Health Agency regulations. The Colorado Division of Reclamation has permitting oversight on all reclamation plans. Since the minerals include some that are may be radioactive, the company will also have to comply with the regulation of radioactive materials of the State of Colorado, which will be an added permitting process within the overall plan of operations for an operating mine. Before the plan of operations will be filed, the company will have to arrange for a source of water, develop a water pollution control system, and develop a air pollution control system, in addition to all the other aspects of opening a mine for operations.
We must comply with the annual staking and patent maintenance requirements of the State of Colorado and the United States Bureau of Land Management, which included the payment of the annual renewal fee for each claim. We must also comply with the filing requirements of our proposed exploration and development, including Notices of Intent and Plans of Operations. In connection with our exploration and assessment activities, we have pursued necessary permits where exemptions have not been available although, to date, most of these activities have been done under various exemptions. We will need to file for water use and other extractive-related permits in the future.
Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. has one employee who is the executive officer. From time to time we hire heavy machinery operators, geological experts, engineers and other operations consultants and independent contractors and laborers, for differing periods to facilitate the implementation of our business plan.
On July 28th, 2017, the Company and the SEC settled an action brought by the SEC whereby the Company would consent to its deregistering of its common shares. On August 4, 2017 the Companys common shares were deregistered. The reports that the Company had failed to file were the 10-Q reports for March, June and September 2016, the 10-K report for December 2016 and the 10-Q reports for March and June 2017.
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OR PLAN OF OPERATION
Forward Looking Statements
From time to time, we or our representatives have made or may make forward-looking statements, orally or in writing. Such forward-looking statements may be included in, but not limited to, press releases, oral statements made with the approval of an authorized executive officer or in various filings made by us with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Words or phrases "will likely result", "are expected to", "will continue", "is anticipated", "estimate", "project or projected", or similar expressions are intended to identify "forward-looking statements". Such statements are qualified in their entirety by reference to and are accompanied by the above discussion of certain important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from such forward-looking statements.
Management is currently unaware of any trends or conditions other than those mentioned in this management's discussion and analysis that could have a material adverse effect on the Company's consolidated financial position, future results of operations, or liquidity. However, investors should also be aware of factors that could have a negative impact on the Company's prospects and the consistency of progress in the areas of revenue generation, liquidity, and generation of capital resources. These include: (i) variations in revenue, (ii) possible inability to attract investors for its equity securities or otherwise raise adequate funds from any source should the Company seek to do so, (iii) increased governmental regulation, (iv) increased competition, (v) unfavorable outcomes to litigation involving the Company or to which the Company may become a party in the future and (vi) a very competitive and rapidly changing operating environment.
The risks identified here are not all inclusive. New risk factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for management to predict all of such risk factors, nor can it assess the impact of all such risk factors on the Company's business or the extent to which any factor or combination of factors may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Accordingly, forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results.
The financial information set forth in the following discussion should be read with the financial statements of Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. included elsewhere herein.
Financial Condition and Changes in Financial Condition
Overall Operating Results:
The Company had $523 in revenues from gold royalties and a one-time revenue of $125,000 on the sale of its Pilot Mountain royalty, for the year ended December 31, 2017.
Operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2017 totaled $96,559. Executive salaries incurred were $48,000 for the year. Legal and professional fees of $4,358 were incurred for services performed with respect to acquisitions and mining prospect evaluation, as well as SEC reporting compliance and accounting fees. The Company also incurred expenses related to geological studies, fieldwork, site visits, preparation of mining permit applications and consulting fees of $8,340. Advertising and public relations expenses totaled $226. Interest expense totaled $287,207 for the year for interest accrued on debt and interest expensed for late fees on trade payables. The remaining expenses relate to office, general administrative and stock transfer agent fees. We believe we will incur substantial expenses for the near term with our evaluations of future mining prospects.
The Company had no revenues from the sale of gold or from royalties for the year ended December 31, 2016.
Operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2016 totaled $125,235. Executive salaries incurred were $96,000 for the year. Legal and professional fees of $14,085 were incurred for services performed with respect to acquisitions and mining prospect evaluation, as well as SEC reporting compliance and accounting fees. The Company also incurred expenses related to geological studies, fieldwork, site visits, preparation of mining permit applications and consulting fees of $0. Advertising and public relations expenses totaled $425. Interest expense totaled $270,390 for the year for interest accrued on debt and interest expensed for late fees on trade payables. Amortization of debt discount was $312,500. The Company also had a gain on the extinguishment of old debt of $91,762. The remaining expenses relate to office, general administrative and stock transfer agent fees.
Liquidity and Capital Resources:
Since inception to December 31, 2017, we have funded our operations from the sale of securities, issuance of debt and loans from a shareholder.
As of December 31, 2017, our assets totaled $58,538, which consisted of cash. Our total liabilities were $3,819,982 which primarily consisted of related parties notes payable of $2,451,844, accounts payable and accrued expenses of $661,061, and promissory notes of $319,840. We had an accumulated deficit of $48,550,470 and a working capital deficit of $602,523 at December 31, 2017.
As of December 31, 2017, Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. owes $1,325,951 in principal and $170,390 in accrued interest to a company owned by the Chief Executive Officer. The amount due is represented by a promissory note accruing interest at 10% per year. The note is due on June 30, 2019 and is convertible into shares of common stock of Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. at $0.0001 per share.
As of December 31, 2017, Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. owes a total of $1,125,893 in principal and $168,876 in accrued interest to a related party of our Chief Executive Officer. The amount due is represented by promissory notes accruing interest at 10% per year and due on June 30, 2019 and is convertible into shares of common stock of Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. at $0.01 per share.
Our independent auditors, in their report on the consolidated financial statements, have indicated that the Company has experienced recurring losses from operations and may not have enough cash and working capital to fund its operations beyond the very near term, which raises substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. Management has made a similar note in the consolidated financial statements. As indicated herein, we need capital for the implementation of our business plan, and we will need additional capital for continuing our operations. We do not have sufficient revenues to pay our expenses of operations. Unless the company is able to raise working capital, it is likely that the Company either will have to cease operations or substantially change its methods of operations or change its business plan.
New Accounting Pronouncements
Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. does not expect the adoption of recently issued accounting pronouncements to have a significant impact on the Company, or any of its subsidiaries operating results, financial position, or cash flow.
Critical Accounting Principals
The Company follows Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standard Codification (ASC) 470-20, Debt Debt with Conversion and Other Options, to account for its convertible debentures. The Company records a beneficial conversion feature (BCF) related to the issuance of convertible debt that have conversion features at fixed or adjustable rates and records the fair value of warrants issued with those instruments. The BCF for the convertible instruments is recognized and measured by allocating a portion of the proceeds to warrants and as a reduction to the carrying amount of the convertible instrument equal to the intrinsic value of the conversion features, both of which are credited to paid-in-capital. The Company calculates fair value using the Black-Scholes valuation method using assumptions pertinent to the warrants or convertible note.
The derivative liability related to convertible notes arises because the conversion price of the Companys convertible notes is discounted from the market price of the Companys common stock. Thus, the number of shares that may be issued upon conversion of such notes is indeterminate, which gives rise to the possibility that the Company may not be able to fully settle its convertible note and warrant obligations by the issuance of common stock. The Company has adjusted the derivative liability to fair value at each reporting date using the Black-Scholes valuation model. Adjustments in fair value arising because of changes in the market conditions are recorded as a gain or loss. To the extent the derivative liability is reduced as a consequence of the conversion of notes, such reduction is recognized as additional paid-in-capital.
The Company records stock-based compensation according to the provisions of ASC Topic 718, Compensation Stock Compensation, which requires fair value compensation cost relating to share based payments be recognized in the financial statements. Fair value is measured at the grant date and recorded at the fair value of the award. Stock options are measured using the Black-Scholes valuation model.
Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the shareholders and the board of directors of Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp.
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. (the "Company") as of December 31, 2017, the related statement of operations, stockholders' equity (deficit), and cash flows for the year then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2017, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) ("PCAOB") and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud.
Our audit included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Substantial Doubt about the Companys Ability to Continue as a Going Concern
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 9 to the financial statements, the Companys significant operating losses raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
/s BF Borgers CPA PC
BF Borgers CPA PC
We have served as the Company's auditor since 2018
July 19, 2018
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders
Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp.
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. (the Company) as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders deficit, and cash flows for the years then ended. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of Companys management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. The company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the companys internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 10, the Company has incurred net losses and negative cash flow from operations since inception. These factors, and the need for additional financing in order for the Company to meet its business plans, raise substantial doubt about the Companys ability to continue as a going concern.
/s/ Accell Audit & Compliance, P.A.
September 29, 2017
4806 West Gandy Boulevard i Tampa, Florida 33611 i 813.440.6380
Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
December 31, 2017 and 2016
NOTE 1 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. (Pacific Gold or the Company) was originally incorporated in Nevada on December 31, 1996 under the name of Demand Financial International, Ltd. On October 3, 2002, Demand Financial International, Ltd. changed its name to Blue Fish Entertainment, Inc. On August 5, 2003, the name was changed to Pacific Gold Corp. On August 22, 2017 the name was changed to Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. and the Companys state of incorporation was moved to Wyoming additionally the Company changed its authorized common shares to 50,000,000,000 and changed its common share par value to $0.00001. Pacific Gold is engaged in the identification, acquisition, and development of prospects believed to have gold, vanadium, uranium, and tungsten mineral deposits. Pacific Gold currently owns mining claims and royalties on mining property in Nevada and Colorado.
Basis of Presentation
These consolidated financial statements and related notes are presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP") and are expressed in U.S. dollars. The Company's fiscal year-end is December 31.
Principle of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include all of the accounts of Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Reclassification of Accounts
Certain accounts in the prior period have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.
Significant Accounting Principles
Use of Estimates and Assumptions
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect (i) the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, (ii) the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities known to exist as of the date the consolidated financial statements are published, and (iii) the reported amount of net sales, expenses and costs recognized during the periods presented. Adjustments made with respect to the use of estimates often relate to improved information not previously available. Uncertainties with respect to such estimates and assumptions are inherent in the preparation of consolidated financial statements; accordingly, actual results could differ from these estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. At December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 cash includes cash in the bank.
Pacific Gold will recognize revenue from the sale of minerals when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, services have been rendered, the sales price is fixed or determinable, and collection is reasonably assured, which is determined when it places a sale order of gold from its inventory on hand with the refinery.
All mine-related costs, other than acquisition costs, are expensed prior to the establishment of proven or probable reserves. Reserves designated as proven and probable are supported by a final feasibility study, indicating that the reserves have had the requisite geologic, technical and economic work performed and are legally extractable at the time of reserve determination. Once proven or probable reserves are established, all development and other site-specific costs are capitalized.
Capitalized development costs and production facilities are depleted using the units-of-production method based on the estimated gold which can be recovered from the ore reserves processed.
Lease development costs for non-producing properties are amortized over their remaining lease term if limited. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred.
As per Industry Guide 7, there are no proven or probable reserves as of December 31, 2017.
In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 740, Income Taxes, Pacific Gold recognizes deferred tax assets and liabilities based on differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities using the enacted tax rates and laws that are expected to be in effect when the differences are expected to be recovered.
Loss per Share
The basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss adjusted on an as if converted basis, by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus potential dilutive securities. For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, potential dilutive securities had an anti-dilutive effect and were not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per common share. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively the Company had 15,129,677,300 and 17,656,113,300 of potentially dilutive common stock equivalents.
The Companys policy is to expense advertising costs as incurred. For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company incurred $227 and $425, respectively, in advertising costs.
Convertible debt is accounted for under ASC 470-20, Debt Debt with Conversion and Other Options. The Company records a beneficial conversion feature (BCF) related to the issuance of convertible debt that have conversion features at fixed or adjustable rates that are in-the-money when issued and records the fair value of warrants issued with those instruments. The BCF for the convertible instruments is recognized and measured by allocating a portion of the proceeds to warrants and as a reduction to the carrying amount of the convertible instrument equal to the intrinsic value of the conversion features, both of which are credited to paid-in-capital. The Company calculates the fair value of warrants issued with the convertible instruments using the Black-Scholes valuation method, using the same assumptions used for valuing employee options for purposes of following ASC Topic 718 Compensation Stock Compensation, except that the contractual life of the warrant is used. Under these guidelines, the Company allocates the value of the proceeds received from a convertible debt transaction between the conversion feature and any other detachable instruments (such as warrants) on a relative fair value basis. The allocated fair value is recorded as a debt discount or premium and is amortized over the expected term of the convertible debt to interest expense. For a conversion price change of a convertible debt issue, the additional intrinsic value of the debt conversion feature, calculated as the number of additional shares issuable due to a conversion price change multiplied by the previous conversion price, is recorded as additional debt discount and amortized over the remaining life of the debt.
Stock Based Compensation
The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC Topic 718, Compensation Stock Compensation which requires that the fair value compensation cost relating to share-based payment transactions be recognized in the consolidated financial statements. Share-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the fair value of the award, and is recognized over the employees requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period. The fair value of the Companys stock options is estimated using a Black-Scholes option valuation model. There were no stock options granted during the years ended December 31, 2016 or 2015.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
The Company does not expect the adoption of any other recently issued accounting pronouncements to have a significant impact on its results of operations, financial position or cash flow.
NOTE 2 MINERAL RIGHTS
On August 31, 2015, the Company acquired the Graysill Mining claims for no consideration but assumed the annual claims registration fees. These claims had been previously owned by the Companys subsidiary company, Pacific Metals Corp.
Pilot Mountain Resources Royalty
On February 10, 2011, our prior subsidiary Pilot Mountain Resources Inc. (PMR) entered into an Option and Asset Sale Agreement with Pilot Metals Inc., a subsidiary of Black Fire Minerals of Australia, whereby Pilot Metals secured an option on the Project W Tungsten claims. Pilot Metals exercised their purchase option and subsequently transferred their interest in Project W to Thor Mining LLC. Upon the commencement of commercial mining, Pacific Gold is owed a final payment of $1,500,000, subject to a 15% share of any payments received by the Company being forwarded to Platoro West, Inc.
On November 22, 2017, the Company executed an Agreement with Pilot Metals Inc. to sell its remaining royalty interest in Project W for $125,000.
NOTE 3 SHAREHOLDER NOTE PAYABLE/RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
As of December 31, 2017, Pacific Gold owes $1,325,951 in principal and $170,391 in accrued interest to a company owned by the Chief Executive Officer. The amount due is represented by a promissory note accruing interest at 10% per year with a maturity date of June 30, 2019 and is convertible into shares of common stock of Pacific Gold at $0.0001 per share. As of December 31, 2016 the balance on the note was $1,467,454 in principal and $72,748 in accrued interest.
As of December 31, 2017, Pacific Gold owes a total of $1,125,893 in principal and $168,876 in accrued interest to a related party of our Chief Executive Officer. The amount due is represented by promissory notes accruing interest at 10% per year with a maturity date of June 30, 2019 and is convertible into shares of common stock of Pacific Gold at $0.01 per share. As of December 31, 2016 the balance on the note was $1,125,893 in principal and $56,292 in accrued interest.
Compensation for Robert Landaus services as CEO is Paid to Leveljump Inc., a company that Mr. Landau controls.
As of December 31, 2017, Pacific Gold owes $115,457 to its CEO for accrued and unpaid services as CEO, which is included in Accrued Expenses in the accompanying balance sheet.
An officer of the Company has provided office space to the Company without charge. There is no obligation for the officer to continue this arrangement.
NOTE 4 PROMISSORY NOTE
The note accrues interest at a rate of 10% per annum with a maturity date of June 30, 2019. As of December 31, 2017, there was a principal balance of $319,840 and $47,970 in accrued interest and is convertible into shares of common stock of Pacific Gold at $0.01 per share.
NOTE 5 INCOME TAXES
Pacific Gold uses the asset/liability method, where deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial and income tax reporting purposes. During 2016 and 2015, Pacific Gold incurred net losses and, therefore, had no tax liability. The net deferred tax asset generated by the loss carry-forward has been fully reserved. The cumulative net operating loss carry-forward is $13,139,879 at December 31, 2016, and will expire in the years 2029 through 2036.
At December 31, 2016, and 2015 deferred taxes (34%) consisted of the following:
A valuation allowance is provided when it is more likely than not that some portion of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. Because of the lack of taxable earnings history, the Company has established a valuation allowance for all future deductible net operating loss carry forwards. The valuation allowance has changed by $209,563 from December 31, 2015.
A reconciliation between income taxes at statutory tax rates (34%) and the actual income tax provision for continuing operations as of December 31, 2016 follows:
There are no adjustments to deferred tax assets or liabilities for material uncertain tax positions on returns that have been filed or that will be filed. The Company continues to incur large net operating losses as disclosed above. Since it is not certain that these net operating loss carry forwards will ever produce a tax benefit, even if examined by taxing authorities and disallowed entirely, there would be no effect on the consolidated financial statements.
The Company has filed income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction.
The Company recognizes interest accrued related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in operating expenses. During the years ended December 31, 2016, and 2015, the Company recognized no interest and penalties. The Company had no payments of interest and penalties accrued at December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
On August 7, 2017, 1,500,000,000 shares of common stock were issued in exchange for $150,000 of interest on a related party convertible note.
On August 7, 2017, 2,975,000,000 shares of common stock were issued in exchange for 297,500 shares of preferred stock.
In the year ended December 31, 2016, 200,000,000 shares of common stock were issued in exchange for $20,000 of principal on a related party convertible promissory note.
The Company currently has no future operating lease commitments.
From time to time, the Company may become involved in minor trade, employment and other operational disputes, none of which have or are expected to have a material impact on the current or future consolidated financial statements or operations.
The Companys financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $48,550,470, negative working capital of $602,523, and negative operating cash flows from the year ended December 31, 2017 of $356,704 raising substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company financed its operations through the sale of securities, sale of its Nevada Rae Gold subsidiary and the issuance of debt.
Managements plan to address the Companys ability to continue as a going concern includes obtaining additional funding from the sale of the Companys securities and establishing revenues. Although management believes that it will be able to obtain the necessary funding to allow the Company to remain a going concern through the methods discussed above, there can be no assurances that such methods will prove successful. Should we be unsuccessful, the Company may need to discontinue its operations.
On March 17th the company sold the Graysill claims for $60,000 CDN and a 2% net smelter royalty with the purchaser having the option to purchase 1% of the 2% net smelter royalty for $1,000,000 CDN. The Company has assigned 25% of its rights under the net smelter agreement to a third party finder for this purchase.
The Company evaluated subsequent events through the date the consolidated financial statements were issued.
(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls
Our management evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2017. The term disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported, within the time periods specified in the SECs rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files and submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2017, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective.
(b) Managements Responsibility for Financial Statements
Our management is responsible for the integrity and objectivity of all information presented in this report. The consolidated financial statements were prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and include amounts based on managements best estimates and judgments. Management believes the consolidated financial statements fairly reflect the form and substance of transactions and that the financial statements fairly represent the Companys condensed consolidated financial position and results of operations for the periods and as of the dates stated therein.
(c) Managements Assessment of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
The Company management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined by Rules 13a15(f) and 15(d)-15(f) under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934. This system is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted accounting principles.
Our internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that: (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Companys assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements. Because of its inherent limitations, a system of internal control over financial reporting can only provide reasonable assurance and may not prevent or detect misstatements. Further, because of changes in conditions, effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting may vary over time.
Under the direction of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, management evaluated the effectiveness of the system of internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control-Integrated Framework, published by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Management is aware that there is a lack of segregation of duties due to the small number of employees dealing with general administrative and financial matters. However, at this time management has decided that taking into account the abilities of the employees now involved, the control procedures in place and its awareness of the issues presented, the risks associated with such lack of segregation are low and the potential benefits of adding employees to clearly segregate duties do not justify the substantial expenses associated with such increases. Management will periodically reevaluate this situation and report to the registered public accounting firm to the Company about this condition. Based on our overall controls, and taking into account the reporting and interaction by our Board of Directors, management determined that the Companys system of internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2017.
(d) Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
This annual report does not include an attestation report of the companys registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Managements report was not subject to attestation by the companys registered public accounting firm.
Mr. Robert Landau has been the President, Chief Executive Officer Chief Financial Officer and Chairman of the Board of Pacific Gold & Royalty Corp. since April 2005. Mr. Landau also works as a consultant advising other non-mining companies on mergers and acquisitions. He has a Bachelor of Commerce - Actuarial Science and Finance degree from the University of Toronto. Mr. Landau is responsible for the strategic direction of the Company.
During the last five years, no officers or directors have been involved in any legal proceedings, bankruptcy proceedings, and criminal proceedings or violated any federal or state securities or commodities laws or engaged in any activity that would limit their involvement in any type of business, securities or banking activities.
Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires the Companys directors and executive officers, and persons who own more than ten percent of an SEC registered class of the Companys equity securities, to file with the SEC initial reports of ownership and reports of changes in ownership of common stock and other equity securities of the Company. Officers, directors and greater than ten percent stockholders are required by SEC regulation to furnish the Company with copies of all Section 16(a) forms they file.
To the Companys knowledge, based solely on a review of the copies of such reports furnished to the Company or filed on Edgar, during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, all Section 16(a) filing requirements applicable to its officers, directors and greater than ten percent beneficial owners were complied with.
We are not required to have and we do not have an Audit Committee. The Company's directors perform some of the same functions of an Audit Committee, such as recommending a firm of independent certified public accountants to audit the financial statements; reviewing the auditors' independence, the financial statements and their audit report; and reviewing management's administration of the system of internal accounting controls. The Company does not currently have a written audit committee charter or similar document.
We have no audit committee financial expert. Our directors have financial statement preparation and interpretation ability obtained over the years from past business experience and education. We believe the cost related to retaining a financial expert at this time is prohibitive. Further, because of the nature of our current limited operations, we believe the services of a financial expert are not warranted.
A code of ethics relates to written standards that are reasonably designed to deter wrongdoing and to promote:
Honest and ethical conduct, including the ethical handling of actual or apparent conflicts of interest between personal and professional relationships.
Full, fair, accurate, timely and understandable disclosure in reports and documents that are filed with, or submitted to the Securities and Exchange Commission and in other public communications made by the Company.
Compliance with applicable government laws, rules and regulations.
The prompt internal reporting of violations of the code to an appropriate person or persons identified in the code; and,
Accountability for adherence to the code.
We have not adopted a formal code of ethics statement. The board of directors evaluated the business of the Company and the number of employees and determined that since the business is operated by a small number of persons who are also the officers and directors and many of the persons employed by the Company are independent contractors, general rules of fiduciary duty and federal and state criminal, business conduct and securities laws are adequate ethical guidelines.
The Company has two executive officers, whom are also the Companys directors. The Board of Directors serves as the Companys compensation committee and initiates and approves most compensation decisions. Annual bonuses, if any, for executives are determined by the Board of Directors.
The goal of the compensation program is to adequately reward the efforts and achievements of executive officers for the management of the Company. The Company has no pension plan and no deferred compensation arrangements. The Company has not used a compensation consultant in any capacity.
The executive officers of the Company do not currently have employment agreements with the Company that outline salary and benefit arrangements. Both officers are paid a gross base amount per month. The salary amounts are reviewed on an annual basis.
Persons who are directors and employees are not currently additionally compensated for their services as a director. There is no plan in place for compensation of persons who are directors who are not employees, but it is expected that in the future we will create a remuneration and expense reimbursement plan. It is anticipated that such a plan would be primarily based on stock options.
In accordance with the Exchange Act, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.