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EX-21.1 - SUBSIDIARIES - Monaker Group, Inc.ex21-1.htm
EX-32.2 - CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER - Monaker Group, Inc.ex32-2.htm
EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER - Monaker Group, Inc.ex32-1.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER - Monaker Group, Inc.ex31-2.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER - Monaker Group, Inc.ex31-1.htm
EX-23.1 - CONSENT - Monaker Group, Inc.ex23-1.htm
 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 For the fiscal year ended: February 28, 2018

 

TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from to ________________

 

Commission File No. 000-52669

 

MONAKER GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   26-3509845
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. employer incorporation
or formation)   identification number)

   

2893 Executive Park Drive
Suite 201

Weston, Florida 33331

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(954) 888-9779

(Registrant’s telephone number)

 

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class   Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock,

$0.00001 Par Value Per Share

 

The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

(Nasdaq Capital Market)

 

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act: None.

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. ☐ Yes     ☒  No

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. ☐ Yes    ☒  No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☒  Yes    ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). ☒ Yes    ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this

Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer ☐  
     
Non-accelerated filer ☐ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company ☒  
     
Emerging growth company ☐    

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). ☐ Yes ☒ No

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant on August 31, 2017, based on a closing price of $6.22 was approximately $21,642,920.

 

As of June 11, 2018, the registrant had 8,152,656 shares of its common stock, par value $0.00001 per share, outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

      Page No.:
       
  PART I  
     
Item 1. Business.   1
Item 1A. Risk Factors    12
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments    30
Item 2. Properties    31
Item 3. Legal Proceedings    31
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures    33
  PART II  
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholders Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities  34
Item 6. Selected Financial Data  38
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations  38
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk  45
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data  45
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure  45
Item 9A Controls and Procedures  46
Item 9B. Other Information  46
  PART III  
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance  47
Item 11. Executive Compensation  52
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholders Matters  54
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence  56
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services  59
 

PART IV 

 
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules  60

 

 

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

Discussions in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this “Annual Report”), including those under the captions “Business,” “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These include statements that involve expectations, plans or intentions (such as those relating to future business, future results of operations or financial condition, new or planned features or services, or management strategies) based on our management’s current beliefs and assumptions. You can identify these forward-looking statements by words such as “may,” “will,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan” and other similar expressions. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, among others, those discussed under the caption “Risk Factors” of this Annual Report, as well as in our consolidated financial statements, related notes, and the other information appearing elsewhere in this report and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC. Given these risks and uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. We do not intend, and, except as required by law, we undertake no obligation, to update any of our forward-looking statements after the date of this report to reflect actual results or future events or circumstances. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.

 

Where You Can Find Other Information

 

We file annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and proxy and information statements and amendments to reports filed or furnished pursuant to Sections 13(a) and 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. You may read and copy these materials at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. You may obtain information on the operation of the public reference room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC also maintains a website (http: //www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding us and other companies that file materials with the SEC electronically. Our periodic filings can also be found at monakergroup.com under “Stock Info”.

 

In this Annual Report, we may rely on and refer to information regarding the global vacation rental industry in general from market research reports, analyst reports and other publicly available information. Although we believe that this information is reliable, we cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of this information, and we have not independently verified any of it.

 

PART I

 

Unless the context requires otherwise, references to the “Company,” “we,” “us,” “our,” “Monaker” and “Monaker Group, Inc.” refer specifically to Monaker Group, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries including Extraordinary Vacations USA, Inc. (100% interest), NextTrip Holdings, Inc. (100% interest), Voyages North America, LLC (72.5% interest which was sold in August 2017) and Name Your Fee, LLC (51% interest which was sold in May 2016).

 

In addition, unless the context otherwise requires and for the purposes of this report only:

 

● “Exchange Act” refers to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended;

● “SEC” or the “Commission” refers to the United States Securities and Exchange Commission;

● “Securities Act” refers to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended; and

● “FYE” means fiscal year end.

 

Item 1. Business.

 

Organizational History

 

Our predecessor, Maximus Exploration Corporation, was incorporated in the State of Nevada on December 29, 2005, and was a reporting ‘shell company’ as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act (“Maximus”). Extraordinary Vacations Group, Inc. (“EXVG”) was incorporated in the State of Nevada in June 2004. Extraordinary Vacations USA Inc. (“EVUSA”), EXVG’s wholly-owned subsidiary, is a Delaware corporation, incorporated on June 24, 2002. On October 9, 2008, EXVG agreed to sell 100% of EVUSA to Maximus and consummated a reverse merger with Maximus. Maximus then changed its name to Next 1 Interactive, Inc. On June 24, 2015, we changed our name to Monaker Group, Inc.

 

On May 12, 2012, we effected a 1:500 reverse stock-split of all of our outstanding shares of common stock, which has been retroactively reflected herein.

 

On June 25, 2015, we effected a 1:50 reverse stock-split of all of our outstanding shares of common stock, which has been retroactively reflected herein.

 

On February 12, 2018, we effected a 1:2.5 reverse stock-split of all of our outstanding shares of common stock, which has been retroactively reflected herein.

 

 1

 

Executive Offices and Telephone Number

 

Our principal executive offices are located at 2893 Executive Park Drive, Suite 201, Weston, Florida 33331 and our telephone number is (954) 888-9779. Our web hosting operations are based in Florida and at Rackspace Hosting, Inc., an off-site hosting facility and our booking engine and websites will be hosted in the cloud with Microsoft Azure. Additional information about us is available on our website at www.monakergroup.com. The information on our website is not incorporated herein by reference.

 

Overview

 

Monaker Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries operate online marketplaces (described in greater detail below). We believe our most promising part of our business plan is the plan to incorporate alternative lodging rental units into our marketplaces while facilitating access to alternative lodging rentals to other distributors. Alternative lodging rentals (ALRs) are whole unit vacation homes or timeshare resort units that are fully furnished, privately owned residential properties, including homes, condominiums, apartments, villas and cabins that property owners and managers rent to the public on a nightly, weekly or monthly basis. NextTrip.com, one of our marketplaces, provides access to airline, car rental, lodgings and activities products and, it will soon (planned to be completed in or around July 2018) include our ALR offering which will unite travelers seeking ALRs located in countries around the world. Another one of our other marketplaces, Maupintour, also provides concierge tours and activities at destinations. Currently our Maupintour and NextTrip online marketplaces (each as discussed in greater detail below) are operational, provided that such marketplaces do not currently allow for the booking of ALRs, which capability we plan to have in place in or around the end of July 2018.

 

Our ambition is to become the largest instantly bookable vacation rental platform in the world, providing large travel distributors via a business-to-business model (B2B), our ALR inventory, as well as providing direct to consumers both ALR products and auxiliary services so travelers can purchase vacations through NextTrip.com, NextTrip.biz, Maupintour.com or EXVG.com. Additionally, we plan to provide the most qualified platform to assist property owners and managers the means to broaden their distribution for booking their homes. The Company serves three major constituents: (1) property owners and managers, (2) travelers and (3) other travel/lodging distributors. Property owners and managers provide detailed listings of their properties to the Company with the goal of reaching a broad audience of travelers seeking ALRs. The property owners and managers provide us their properties, at a preferential rate for each booking and, in return, their properties will be listed for free as an available ALR on NextTrip.com, NextTrip.biz, Maupintour.com or EXVG.com (as well as with distributors). Travelers will be able to visit NextTrip.com, Maupintour.com or EXVG.com (and distributors) and search and compare our large and detailed inventory of listings to find ALRs meeting their needs.

 

The global vacation rental industry is large and growing, but it is also fragmented and inefficient. We believe we will benefit from having both (a) a broad selection of ALR listings, and (b) a large audience of travelers who visit (i) NextTrip.com, Maupintour.com or EXVG.com as well as (ii) Distributors. We believe that the broad selection of ALRs will attract more travelers and the large audience of travelers will in turn attract more ALRs from property owners and managers.

 

Monaker is a technology driven travel company which has identified and sourced ALR products and plans to convert them into instantly bookable products as its distinguishing niche. The ALRs are owned and leased by third parties and will be available to rent through Monaker’s websites as well as other Distributors in or around the end of July 2018. Monaker’s services include critical elements such as technology, an extensive film library, trusted brands and established partnerships that enhance product offerings and reach. We believe that consumers are quickly adopting video for researching and educating themselves prior to purchases, and Monaker has carefully amassed video content, key industry relationships and a prestigious travel brand as cornerstones for the development and planned deployment of core-technology on both proprietary and partnership platforms.

 

Summary

 

Monaker sells travel services to leisure and corporate customers around the world. Our primary focus is to incorporate ALR options into our current offerings of scheduling, pricing and availability information for booking reservations for airlines, hotels, rental cars, cruises and other travel products such as sightseeing tours, shows and event tickets and theme park passes. The Company sells these travel services both individually and as components of dynamically-assembled packaged travel vacations and trips. In addition, the Company provides content that presents travelers with information about travel destinations, maps and other travel details. In February 2018, the Company introduced its new travel platform under the NextTrip brand. This platform continues to be improved with a focus on maximizing the consumer’s experience and assisting them in the decision and purchasing process.

 

The platform is a licensed technology (described below) that will connect our proprietary technology and will allow our users to search large travel suppliers of alternative lodging inventories and present consumers comprehensive and optimal alternatives at the most inexpensive rates to choose from.

 

In March 2018, the Company introduced Travelmagazine.com, an online travel publication with the aim of giving travelers around the world inspiration for future travel destinations and trips. The publication offers written articles, videos, and podcasts. Moving forward, we plan for Travelmagazine.com to become a central hub of information for travelers who are looking to get detailed information on destinations all around the world. We also plan to move Travelmagazine.com from having content created by a team of staff writers, to a team of worldwide writers who will contribute content to the page for publication. The website is planned to be supported by advertising and allow for promotion of both ALR and Maupintour vacation products.

 

The Company plans to sell its travel services through various distribution channels. The primary distribution channel will be through its B2B channel partners which includes sales via (i) other travel companies’ websites and (ii) networks of third-party travel agents. Secondary distribution will occur through its own website at NextTrip.com, the NextTrip mobile application (“app”) and Nexttrip.Biz. Additionally we will offer specialty travel services via EXVG.com and Maupintour, targeting high touch inventory to customers through a toll-free telephone number designed to assist customers with complex or high- priced offerings.

 

 2

 

Monaker’s core holdings include NextTrip.com, NextTrip.Biz, Maupintour.com and EXVG.com. NextTrip.com is the primary consumer website, where travel services and products are booked. The travel services and products include tours; activities/attractions; airline; hotel; and car rentals and ALRs. Maupintour complements the Nextrip.com offering by providing high-end tour packages and activities/attractions. EXVG.com is planned to be a specialized secondary website devoted to those ALRs that cannot be booked on a real-time basis. These ALRs tend to be sourced from owners and managers who have not invested in a reservation management system and/or the owner or manager prefers to personally vet the customer before accepting a booking; typically because the ALR is a high value property. EXVG.com travel services and products will only include the aforementioned ALRs as well as tours and activities from Maupintour. NextTrip.Biz is targeted at small to midsized businesses offering them a customized travel solution for staff business travel to meetings, conferences, conventions or even vacation travel and gives the companies lower costs, better expense control and the option for a “self-branded” website.

 

The Company owns an approximately 13% interest in RealBiz Media Group, Inc. (“RealBiz”) as of February 28, 2018 which is represented by 44,470,101 RealBiz Series A Preferred Stock shares.

 

Products and Services

 

Monaker plans to focus on marketing ALR options directly to consumers and to other travel distributors. The Company’s concentration on ALRs is driven by contracts with vacation home (including timeshare) unit owners and managers that are made available to consumers and to other travel portals (Distributors) for nightly or extended stays. In addition, we offer travelers activities and tours through our subsidiary, Maupintour. Therefore, not only can we assist a traveler with identifying a destination and the lodging at the destination, but we can provide options of activities while at the destination. We also provide the means for making arrangements for airline tickets, car rentals and lodging (i.e. hotels and ALRs in the near future). In summary, Monaker offers travelers the complete travel package made easy or… Travel Made EasyTM.

 

Products and Services For Property Owners And Managers

 

Listings. Once our website is fully operational, planned to be completed in or around the end of July 2018, property owners and managers will be able to list a property, with no initial upfront fees, and provide those listings at a negotiated preferential rate for traveler bookings generated on our websites.

 

Listings that are ‘real-time online bookable’ properties will be managed by the property owner or manager through an application program interface (API) which will provide real-time updates to each property and immediately notify the property owner or manager of all information regarding bookings, modifications to bookings and cancellations of bookings. Information such as content, descriptions and images are provided to us through that API.

 

Listings that are ‘request-accept’ properties will require communication and approval from the property owner or manager (hence ‘request-accept’) and will not be managed through an API (as discussed above). We will provide a set of tools for the property owner or manager which will enable them to manage an availability calendar, reservations, inquiries and the content of the listing. These tools will allow the property owner or manager to create the listing by uploading photographs, text descriptions or lists of amenities, a map showing the location of the property, and property availability, all of which can be updated throughout the term of the listing. Each listing will provide travelers the ability to use email or other methods to contact property owners and managers.

 

The listings will include tools and services to help property owners and managers run their vacation rental businesses more efficiently such as responding to and managing inquiries, preparing and sending rental quotes and payment invoices, allowing travelers to book online, including being able to enter into rental agreements with travelers online, and processing online payments. Property owners and managers that elect to process online payments will be subject to a transaction fee.

 

Redistribution of Listings. We will make selected, online bookable properties available to online travel agencies as well as channel partners (jointly referred to as “Distributors”). We will be compensated for these services by receiving a commission that is added to the negotiated net rate for each booking.

 

Products and Services for Travelers

 

Search Tools and Ability to Compare. Our online marketplace NextTrip.com provides travelers with tools to search for and filter several travel products including air, car, accommodations (soon to include ALRs) and activities based on various criteria, such as destination, travel dates, type of property, number of bedrooms, amenities, price, or keywords.

 

Traveler Login. Travelers are able to create accounts on the NextTrip.com website that enable them access to their booking activity through the website.

 

Travel Blog. Travel guides, videos and pictures as well as travel articles can be accessed through the NextTrip Travel Blog and Travelmagazine.com.

 

Security. We use a combination of technology and human review to evaluate the content of listings and to screen for inaccuracies or fraud with the goal of providing only accurate and trustworthy information to travelers.

 

 3

 

Reviews and Ratings. Travelers will be able to submit online reviews of the ALRs they have rented through our websites. These reviews should convey the accuracy of the listing information found on our websites.

 

Communication. Travelers who create an account on our website will receive regular communications, including notices about places of interest, special offers, new listings, and an email newsletter. The newsletter will be available to any traveler who agrees to receive it and offers introductions to new destinations and vacation rentals, as well as tips and useful information when staying in vacation rentals.

 

Mobile Websites and Applications. We provide versions of our websites formatted for web browsers, smart-phones and tablets so that property owners, managers and travelers can access our websites and tools from mobile devices.

 

Competition

 

The market to provide listing, searching and marketing services whether they are ALR, activities and tours, airline bookings, car rentals or hotel stays is highly competitive and fragmented with limited barriers to entry. Each of the ALR services that we will provide to property owners, managers and travelers is currently offered by competitors. Furthermore, ALRs are not typically marketed exclusively through any single channel, and many of our listing agreements are not exclusive, potentially allowing our competitors to aggregate a set of listings similar to ours. We believe we will compete primarily on the basis of the quantity, quality, and nature of the properties offered on our websites. The majority of ALRs that will be offered in our marketplace reflect a whole house or property rather than a room. In addition, we anticipate that we will benefit from the quality of the direct relationships we have with property owners and managers, the global diversity of the ALRs available on our websites, the quality of our websites, the tools provided to our property owners and managers, the strength of our brands, and the success of our marketing programs and price.

 

Our principal competitors include:

 

other vacation and short-term rental listing websites, such as TripAdvisor.com, HomeAway.com, VRBA.com, Booking.com and Airbnb.com;

 

websites that list both rooms to rent as well as ALRs, such as Airbnb.com, Booking.com, HomeAway.com and VRBO.com;

 

professional property managers who charge a percentage of booking revenue for their services, such as Wyndham Worldwide Corp. and InterHome, AG;

 

hotels that offer large rooms and amenities common in ALRs, such as Hyatt Vacation Clubs and Four Seasons Resorts;

 

websites that aggregate listings from property managers who advertise and take bookings on behalf of property managers, such as Perfect Places, Inc., Atraveo and E-Domizil;

 

online travel websites, such as those operated by Expedia.com, Hotels.com, Kayak.com, Booking.com, Orbitz.com, Priceline.com and Travelocity.com, that have traditionally provided comprehensive travel services and may expand or are now expanding into the ALR category;

 

timeshare exchange companies, such as Interval International, Inc. and RCI, LLC;

 

large Internet companies, such as Craigslist, Inc., eBay Inc., Google Inc., MSN.com and Yahoo!, which provide vacation rental listing or search services in addition to a wide variety of other products or services; and

 

offline publishers of classified vacation rental listings, including regional newspapers and travel-related magazines.

 

For a discussion of the risks attendant to the highly competitive nature of our market, see the information under the heading “Risk Factors” below under the caption “The market in which we participate is highly competitive, and we may be unable to compete successfully with our current or future competitors.

 

Seasonality

 

Property owners and managers tend to list their properties when travelers are most likely to make vacation plans. The timing primarily depends on whether travelers are taking a winter or summer vacation and tends to vary by country. The highest level of listings are expected in the first quarter of a year, which is typically when travelers are making plans for summer vacations in the United States and Europe. The lowest level of listings are expected in the third quarter. By the fourth quarter, property owners and managers of winter vacation destinations will be listing their properties in time to meet the needs of travelers planning those trips. Other vacation areas outside of the United States and Europe also have seasonality, which may not be reflected in the same quarters (for example, winter and summer months are reversed in the southern hemisphere).

 

As the listings grow, the seasonality of those transactions may result in higher revenues in the summer and winter vacation months. We also expect seasonality in the number of visitors to our websites, with the first quarter having the highest number of visitors.

 

 4

 

Research and Development

 

We have developed proprietary systems to create, maintain and operate our websites. This technology consists of systems developed by internal and third party designers, developers and engineers and software acquired or licensed from outside developers and companies. As soon as the development is complete (which is planned to be completed in the next few months, if not sooner), those third party designers, developers and engineers will be employed as full-time employees. Our systems are being designed to serve other property distributors, property owners, managers and travelers in an automated and scalable fashion. Costs associated with our research and development are included as capitalized development costs or included in several expenses including technology and development, salaries and benefits and in general and administrative expenses.

 

Technology and Infrastructure

 

Our websites are hosted using a combination of third-party data centers distributed globally across multiple regions. Our systems architecture has been designed to manage increases in traffic on our websites through the addition of server and network hardware without making software changes. Our third-party data centers provide our online marketplace with scalable and redundant Internet connectivity and redundant power and cooling to our hosting environments. We use security methods to ensure the integrity of our networks and protection of confidential data collected and stored on our servers, and we have developed and use internal policies and procedures to protect the personal information of our property owners, managers and travelers using our websites that we collect and use as part of our normal operations. Access to our networks, and the servers and databases, on which confidential data is stored, is protected by industry standard firewall technology. Physical access to our servers and related equipment is secured by limiting access to the data center to operations personnel only. Costs associated with our web hosting operation are included in general and administrative costs.

 

Intellectual Property

 

Our intellectual property includes the content of our websites, our registered domain names, our registered and unregistered trademarks, contracts with third party property managers and distributors. We believe that our intellectual property is an essential asset of our business and that our registered domain names and our technology infrastructure will give us a competitive advantage in the online market for ALR listings and arrangements with attractions and tour operators. We rely on a combination of trademark, copyright and trade secret laws in the United States as well as contractual provisions, to protect our proprietary technology and our brands. We also rely on copyright laws to protect the appearance and design of our sites and applications, although to date we have not registered for copyright protection on any particular content. We have registered numerous Internet domain names related to our business in order to protect our proprietary interests. We also enter into confidentiality and invention assignment agreements with our employees and consultants and seek to control access to and distribution of our proprietary information in a commercially prudent manner. The efforts we have taken to protect our intellectual property may not be sufficient or effective, and, despite these precautions, it may be possible for other parties to copy or otherwise obtain and use the content of our websites or our brand names without authorization.

 

The primary web properties are:

 

monakergroup.com
nexttrip.com (and nextrip.com)
nexttrip.biz
maupintour.com
exvg.com (and extraordinaryvacations.com)
travelmagazine.com

 

Please see the information under the heading “Risk Factors” under the caption “If we do not adequately protect our intellectual property, our ability to compete could be impaired.

 

Recent Events Through Year-End

 

Private Placement Offering

 

On August 11, 2017, the Company closed the transactions contemplated by the Common Stock and Warrant Purchase Agreement, entered into by the Company on July 31, 2017 (the “Purchase Agreement”), with certain accredited investors named therein (collectively, the “Purchasers”). Under the terms of the Purchase Agreement, the Company sold the Purchasers an aggregate of 613,000 shares of our common stock (the “Shares”) and 613,000 warrants to purchase one share of common stock (the “Offering Warrants” and together with the Shares, the “Units”). The combined purchase price for one Share and one Offering Warrant to purchase one share of common stock in the Private Placement offering was $5.00.

 

Pursuant to a Placement Agency Agreement (the “Agent Agreement”) entered into with Northland Securities, Inc. (the “Agent”) on July 31, 2017, in connection with the offering, the Agent served as the Company’s exclusive placement agent for the offering. In consideration therewith, we paid the Agent 8% of the gross proceeds from the sale of the Units ($245,200) and, for the consideration of $50, sold the Agent a warrant to purchase shares of common stock equal to 5% of the shares sold in the offering (i.e., warrants to purchase 30,650 shares of common stock)(the “Agent Warrants” and collectively with the Offering Warrants, the “Warrants”). The Company also agreed to reimburse up to $150,000 of the expenses of the Agent in connection with the offering. The Placement Agreement includes customary representations and warranties and includes indemnification rights of the Agent. The Agent is also entitled to the registration rights and liquidated damages associated therewith which the Purchasers have pursuant to the Purchase Agreement.

 

 5

  

William Kerby, the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Company, purchased $50,000 of the Securities (10,000 Shares and Offering Warrants); Simon Orange, a member of the Board of Directors of the Company, purchased $175,000 of the Securities (35,000 Shares and Offering Warrants); Donald Monaco, a member of the Board of Directors of the Company, purchased $175,000 of the Securities (35,000 Shares and Offering Warrants); Pat LaVecchia, a member of the Board of Directors of the Company, purchased $10,000 of the Securities (2,000 Shares and Offering Warrants); and Robert J. Post, a member of the Board of Directors of the Company, purchased $25,000 of the Securities (5,000 Shares and Offering Warrants). Additionally, Stephen Romsdahl, a then significant stockholder of the Company, purchased $50,000 of the Securities (10,000 Shares and Offering Warrants) and another non-related party, who is a key distributor of the Company, purchased $100,000 of the Securities (20,000 Shares and Offering Warrants).

 

The exercise price of the Warrants was originally $5.25 per share, subject to adjustment as provided therein, which as described below has since lowered the exercise price thereof to $5.09 per share, and the Warrants are exercisable beginning on July 31, 2017 through July 30, 2022. The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants are subject to adjustment in the event of any stock dividends and splits, reverse stock split, recapitalization, reorganization or similar transaction, and will also be subject to anti-dilution adjustments in the event the Company issues or is deemed to have issued any securities below the then exercise price of the Warrants, subject to certain exceptions (i.e., the Exempt Issuances, described below), during the 12 months following the closing date, each as described in greater detail in the Warrants. If after February 11, 2018, a registration statement covering the issuance or resale of the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants (the “Warrant Shares”) is not available for the issuance or resale, as applicable, the Purchasers and the Agent, may exercise the Warrants by means of a “cashless exercise.”

 

Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, we agreed that we will not, and we will ensure that our directors and officers and their affiliates would not, without the prior written consent of all Purchasers, from the date of execution of the Purchase Agreement and continuing to and including the date 90 days after the effective date of the registration statement to register the Shares and shares of common stock underlying the Offering Warrants (the “Offering Warrants” and the “Lock-Up Period”), (A) offer, pledge, announce the intention to sell, sell, contract to sell, sell any option or contract to purchase, purchase any option or contract to sell, grant any option, right or warrant to purchase or otherwise transfer or dispose of, directly or indirectly, any shares of common stock or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for common stock or (B) enter into any swap or other agreement that transfers, in whole or in part, any of the economic consequences of ownership of the common stock, whether any such transaction described in clause (A) or (B) above is to be settled by delivery of common stock or such other securities, in cash or otherwise, however, the Company may conduct an Exempt Issuance (as defined below) without the prior written consent of all Purchasers. “Exempt Issuance” means the issuance of (a) shares of common stock or options to employees, consultants, officers or directors of the Company pursuant to any stock or option plan duly adopted by a majority of the non-employee members of the board of directors of the Company or a majority of the members of a committee of non-employee directors established for such purpose, (b) securities upon the exercise of or conversion of any convertible securities, options or warrants issued and outstanding on the date of the Purchase Agreement, provided that such securities have not been amended since the date of the Purchase Agreement to increase the number of such securities or to decrease the exercise or conversion price of any such securities, and (c) securities issued pursuant to acquisitions or strategic transactions, provided any such issuance shall only be to a person which is, itself or through its subsidiaries, an operating company in which the Company receives benefits in addition to the investment of funds, but shall not include a transaction in which the Company is issuing securities primarily for the purpose of raising capital or to an entity whose primary business is investing in securities.

 

Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, we agreed that until the 12 month anniversary of the closing of the offering, i.e., August 11, 2018, if the Company or any subsidiary thereof issues or agrees to issue any (i) common stock or (ii) any securities of the Company or the subsidiary that would entitle the holder thereof to acquire at any time common stock, including without limitation, any debt, preferred stock, rights, options, warrants or other instrument that is at any time directly or indirectly convertible into or exchangeable for, or otherwise entitles the holder thereof to receive, common stock, except for the Exempt Issuances, entitling any person or entity to acquire shares of common stock at an effective price per share less than $5.00, within three trading days of the date thereof the Company is required to issue to such Purchaser additional shares of common stock based on the formula set forth in the Purchase Agreement. As of February 28, 2018, the Company has issued 15,686 shares of common stock to the Purchasers in order to adjust the purchase price for shares issued at an effective price per share less than $5.00 and through the date of this filing, an additional 4,390 shares of common stock to the Purchasers in order to adjust the purchase price for shares issued at an effective price per share less than $5.00, for a total of 20,076 common shares.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement, the Company agreed to use commercially reasonable efforts to file a registration statement on Form S-1 (or Form S-3, if available) with the SEC (the “Registration Statement”) within 45 days following the closing of the offering (which date was September 25, 2017, and which Registration Statement was timely filed) to register the resale of the Shares and Warrant Shares and to cause the Registration Statement to become effective within 120 days following the closing of the offering (which date was December 9, 2017, and the Registration Statement was declared effective on November 13, 2017), subject to penalties as described in the Purchase Agreement.

 

The Purchase Agreement also required the Company to apply for listing of its common stock on the NASDAQ Capital Market within 60 days following the closing of the offering (which date was October 10, 2017 and which application was submitted on October 6, 2017) and to cause the Shares to be listed on the NASDAQ no later than 120 days following closing of the offering (which date was December 9, 2017). The Company’s common stock was not approved for listing on the NASDAQ Capital Market by the deadline of December 9, 2017, and the Company was in default of this requirement.

 

 

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As a result of such default we were required to provide each Purchaser in the offering (and the placement agent in the offering), as partial liquidated damages for such delay, additional warrants equal to each Purchaser’s (and the agent’s) pro rata share of 1% of the warrants sold in the private placement offering (i.e. 6,437 warrants), per day, to each purchaser and the Agent. Such liquidated damages continued to be due, each day that we failed to comply with the requirements above, up to a maximum of 100 days. Pursuant to the liquidated damages provision of the purchase agreement, the Company, through the date of listing on the NASDAQ Capital Market (February 22, 2018), granted warrants to purchase an additional 465,066 shares of common stock to the Purchasers and the Agent in the offering.

 

The aggregate net proceeds from the offering, after deducting the placement agent’s fees payable in cash (described above) and other estimated offering expenses, were approximately $2.7 million. The Company intends to use the aggregate net proceeds to expand its technology division, increase its alternative lodging rental count, and general corporate purposes.

 

A required term of the offering was that William Kerby, our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman, and Donald P. Monaco, our Director, on behalf of themselves and the entities which they control, convert 1,869,611 shares of Series A 10% Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred Stock”) beneficially owned by them into 1,495,689 shares of common stock of the Company, which conversion occurred shortly after the closing of the offering. As a result of the conversion, we no longer have any outstanding shares of preferred stock.

 

As additional consideration for Pacific Grove Capital LP (“Pacific Grove”), agreeing to participate in the offering as a Purchaser, the Company entered into a Board Representation Agreement with Pacific Grove. Pursuant to the Board Representation Agreement, Pacific Grove will be granted the right to designate one person to be nominated for election to the Company’s Board of Directors so long as (i) Pacific Grove together with its affiliates beneficially own at least 4.99% of the Company’s common stock, or (ii) Pacific Grove together with its affiliates beneficially own at least 75% of the Securities purchased in the offering. Notwithstanding its rights under the Board Representation Agreement, Pacific Grove has not provided us notice of any nominees for appointment to the Board of Directors to date.

 

Wilton Debt Conversion and Voting Agreement

 

On August 24, 2017, and effective on August 22, 2017, we entered into a Debt Conversion and Voting Agreement with Mark A. Wilton, a significant stockholder of the Company (the “Debt Conversion Agreement”). Pursuant to the Debt Conversion Agreement, we converted various promissory notes which Mr. Wilton held in the Company, which had an aggregate principal balance of $1,409,326 and were due and payable on December 17, 2017 (the “Wilton Notes”), into 281,866 shares of our restricted common stock. The conversion was undertaken pursuant to the forced conversion terms of the Wilton Notes, which allowed us to force the conversion of the Wilton Notes into common stock at a conversion price equal to 80% of the 5 day trailing average closing price of our common stock prior to conversion. Additionally, pursuant to the Debt Conversion Agreement, we agreed to pay Mr. Wilton $45,000 in cash, payable at the rate of $15,000 per month in September, October and November, 2017, and Mr. Wilton agreed (a) to vote (and provided William Kerby, our Chief Executive Officer, and any other individual who is designated by us in the future, a proxy to vote), all of the voting shares held by him, in favor of any proposals recommended by the Board of Directors of the Company; and (b) to not transfer any of the voting shares which he held, subject to certain exceptions, until the earlier of August 22, 2020 and the date we provide Mr. Wilton notice of the termination of such voting proxy. We and Mr. Wilton also provided each other general releases pursuant to the Debt Conversion Agreement.

 

Bettwork Purchase Agreement, Secured Note and Assignment and Novation

 

Effective on August 31, 2017, we entered into a Purchase Agreement (the “Bettwork Agreement”) with Bettwork Industries, Inc. (“Bettwork”). Bettwork’s common stock is quoted on the OTC Pink market under the symbol “BETW”.

 

Pursuant to the Bettwork Agreement, we sold Bettwork:

 

a)our 71.5% membership interest in Voyages North America, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Voyages”), including the voyage.tv website and 16,000 hours of destination and promotional videos;
b)our 10% ownership in Launch360 Media, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“Launch360”);
c)Rights to broadcast television commercials for 60 minutes every day on R&R TV network stations which rights remain in place until the earlier of (i) the date the shares of Launch360 are no longer held by Bettwork; and (ii) the date that Launch360 no longer has rights to broadcast television commercials on R&R TV network stations, for whatever reason; and
d)Our Technology Platform for Home & Away Club and supporting I.C.E. partnership (collectively (a) through (d), the “Assets”).

 

Bettwork agreed to pay $2.9 million for the Assets, payable in the form of a Secured Convertible Promissory Note (the “Secured Note”). The amount owed under the Secured Note accrues interest at the rate of (a) six percent per annum until the end of the last day of the month in which the sale occurred; and (b) the greater of (i) six percent per annum and (ii) the prime rate plus 3 3/4% per annum, thereafter through maturity, which maturity date is August 31, 2020, provided that the interest rate increases to twelve percent upon the occurrence of an event of default.

 

Bettwork may prepay the Secured Note at any time, subject to its obligation to provide us 15 days prior written notice prior to any prepayment. The Secured Note is convertible into shares of Bettwork’s common stock, at our option, subject to a 4.99% beneficial ownership limitation (which may be waived by us with at least 61 days prior written notice). The conversion price of the Secured Note is $1.00 per share (the “Conversion Price”), unless, prior to the Secured Note being paid in full, Bettwork completes a capital raise or acquisition and issues common stock or common stock equivalents (including, but not limited to convertible securities) with a price per share (as determined in our reasonable discretion) less than the Conversion Price then in effect (each a “Transaction”), at which time the Conversion Price will be adjusted to match such lower pricing structure associated with the Transaction (provided such repricing shall continue to apply to subsequent Transactions which occur prior to the Secured Note being paid in full as well).

 

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The repayment of the Secured Note is secured by a first priority security interest in all of the Assets.

 

Bettwork and Crystal Falls Investments, LLC Assignment and Novation Agreement

 

Separate from the Purchase Agreement, on August 31, 2017, we entered into an Assignment and Novation Agreement (the “Assignment”) with Bettwork and Crystal Falls Investments, LLC (“Crystal Falls”), which entity purchased our 51% membership interest in Name Your Fee, LLC in May 2016, in consideration for among other things, $750,000 evidenced by a Promissory Note (the “Name Your Fee Note”). Pursuant to the Assignment, the Name Your Fee Note, which had a principal balance of $750,000 as of the date of the Assignment, was assigned from Crystal Falls to Bettwork, we agreed to only look to Bettwork for the repayment of the Name Your Fee Note, Bettwork agreed to repay the Name Your Fee Note pursuant to its terms, and we provided Crystal Falls a novation of amounts owed thereunder. Crystal Falls also released us from any and all claims in connection with such Name Your Fee Note and any other claims which Crystal Falls then had. The Assignment also amended the Name Your Fee Note to include an option which allows us to convert the amount owed under the Name Your Fee Note into shares of Bettwork’s common stock at a conversion price of $1.00 per share.

 

Replacement of Republic Bank Revolving Line of Credit

 

On September 15, 2017, we entered into a replacement revolving line of credit agreement with Republic Bank, Inc. of Duluth, Minnesota (“Republic”), which replaced and superseded our prior line of credit with Republic originally entered into in June 2016 and amended from time to time. The line of credit is in an amount of up to $1.2 million, which borrowed amount is due and payable by us on September 15, 2018 (previously the amounts due under the line of credit were due on September 13, 2017). Amounts borrowed under the line of credit accrue interest at the Wall Street Journal U.S. Prime Rate plus 1% (updated daily until maturity), payable monthly in arrears beginning on October 15, 2017. The loan contains standard and customary events of default and no financial covenants. From June 16, 2016 through the date of this Report, we have made draws of $1,193,000 under the line of credit.

 

Settlement Agreement

 

On or around December 22, 2017, we entered into a Settlement Agreement with RealBiz Media Group, Inc., our former consolidated subsidiary and NestBuilder.com Corp (“Nestbuilder”). As part of the Settlement Agreement, we agreed to pay NestBuilder $100,000 and to issue a total of 8,000 shares of our restricted common stock; with 5,200 restricted common shares being issued to NestBuilder valued at $27,820 and 2,800 restricted common shares being issued to Brian N Torres, PA valued at $14,980 as designated by NestBuilder; RealBiz agreed to reinstate to us 44,470,101 shares of RealBiz Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and ratify all rights under the Certificate of Designation as reformed and amended of the RealBiz Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (e.g., to provide for a conversion ratio of 1 share of RealBiz common stock for each 1 share of RealBiz Series A Convertible Preferred Stock converted from time to time) and remove any dividend obligations. The RealBiz designation of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock was also amended to provide us with anti-dilution protection below $0.05 per share. The agreement further provided for each party to dismiss various lawsuits which were pending involving the parties with prejudice and for general releases from each party.

 

First Amendment to Warrant January 10, 2018

 

On January 10, 2018, we entered into a First Amendment To Warrant (“Amendment”) agreement with Pacific Grove which amended the Common Stock and Warrant Purchase Agreement, provided to Pacific Grove in connection with the closing of the Purchase Agreement, whereby Pacific Grove acquired warrants to purchase 350,000 shares of our common stock. Through January 10, 2018, Pacific earned additional warrants to purchase 271,250 shares of our common as partial liquidated damages for delays in obtaining an uplisting to the NASDAQ Capital Market, which uplisting was required pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, to have occurred on or before December 9, 2017; these additional warrants (on substantially similar terms as the warrants granted in connection with the offering) are equal to Pacific’s pro rata share of 1% of the warrants sold pursuant to the Purchase Agreement for each day that the Company failed to obtain the NASDAQ listing (the “Liquidated Damages”). Total warrants held by Pacific Grove as of January 10, 2018 were 458,500. We desired to incentivize Pacific Grove to exercise the Warrants by reducing the exercise price of the warrants from $5.25 per share to $2.625 per share, provided that Pacific agreed to immediately exercise such 458,500 warrants for $1,203,563 in cash. Pursuant to the Amendment, the exercise price of the warrants was reduced as discussed above and Pacific exercised the warrants in cash.

 

Pursuant to the Liquidated Damages provision of the Purchase Agreement (as discussed above), and including the warrants granted to Pacific in consideration for the Liquidated Damages, the Company, through January 10, 2018, had granted warrants to purchase an additional 199,532 shares of common stock to the Purchasers and the Agent.

 

Additionally, as a result of the reduction in the exercise price of the Pacific Grove warrants which was agreed to pursuant to the Amendment, the anti-dilution provisions of the Purchase Agreement and the Purchasers warrants was triggered. Specifically, because the Company issued shares of common stock below (a) the $5.00 price per share of the securities sold pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, the Purchasers were due an additional 14,458 shares of the Company’s common stock; and (b) the $5.25 exercise price of the warrants sold pursuant to the Purchase Agreement (and the warrants granted to the placement agent), automatically decreased to $5.125 per share.

 

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First Amendment to Warrant January 29, 2018

 

On January 29, 2018, we entered into a First Amendment To Warrant agreement with The Stadlin Trust dated 5/25/01 (“Stadlin”) which amended the Common Stock and Warrant Purchase Agreement provided to Stadlin in connection with the closing of the offering, whereby Stadlin acquired warrants to purchase 20,000 shares of our common stock. Through January 29, 2018, Stadlin earned additional warrants to purchase 9,800 shares of our common as partial liquidated damages for delays in obtaining an uplisting to the NASDAQ Capital Market, which uplisting was required pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, to have occurred on or before December 9, 2017; these additional warrants (on substantially similar terms as the warrants granted in connection with the offering) are equal to Stadlin’s pro rata share of 1% of the warrants sold pursuant to the Purchase Agreement for each day that the Company failed to obtain the NASDAQ listing. Total warrants held by Stadlin as of January 29, 2018 were 29,800. We desired to incentivize Stadlin to exercise the Warrants by reducing the exercise price of the warrants from $5.125 per share to $2.625 per share, provided that Stadlin agreed to immediately exercise such 29,800 warrants for $78,225 in cash. Pursuant to the amendment, the exercise price of the warrants was reduced as discussed above and Stadlin exercised the warrants in cash.

 

Pursuant to the Liquidated Damages provision of the Purchase Agreement (as discussed above), and including the warrants granted to Stadlin in consideration for the Liquidated Damages, the Company, through January 29, 2018, had granted warrants to purchase an additional 315,388 shares of common stock to the Purchasers and the Agent.

 

Additionally, as a result of the reduction in the exercise price of the Stadlin warrants which was agreed to pursuant to the Amendment, the anti-dilution provisions of the Purchase Agreement and the Purchasers warrants was triggered. Specifically, because the Company issued shares of common stock below (a) the $5.00 price per share of the securities sold pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, the Purchasers were due an additional 1,220 shares of the Company’s common stock; and (b) the $5.125 exercise price of the warrants sold pursuant to the Purchase Agreement (and the warrants granted to the placement agent), the exercise price of such warrants remained unchanged at $5.125 per share.

 

Reverse Stock Split

 

Effective on February 6, 2018, the Board of Directors of the Company, approved a 1-for-2.5 reverse stock split of the Company’s outstanding common stock (the “Reverse Split”). The Company’s majority stockholders, effective on September 13, 2017, via a written consent to action without a meeting, provided the Board of Directors authority to affect a reverse stock split of the Company’s outstanding common stock in a ratio of between one-for-one and one-for-four, in their sole discretion, without further stockholder approval, by amending the Company’s Articles of Incorporation, at any time prior to the earlier of (a) September 13, 2018; and (b) the date of the Company’s 2018 annual meeting of stockholders (the “Stockholder Authority”). The Reverse Split was affected and approved by the Board of Directors pursuant to the Stockholder Authority.

 

Effective on February 8, 2018, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to the Company’s Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of Nevada to effect the 1-for-2.5 Reverse Split of all of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock, which was effective on Monday, February 12, 2018.

 

NASDAQ Listing

 

Effective on March 12, 2018, the Company’s common stock began trading on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the trading symbol “MKGI.

 

Recent Transactions Which Occurred After Year End 2018

 

On March 1, 2018, we entered into a First Amendment to Warrant agreement with Pacific Grove. Pursuant to the agreement, the Company and Pacific Grove agreed to reduce the exercise price of the warrants to purchase 147,000 shares of common stock which Pacific Grove was granted as penalty warrants in connection with the Company’s prior failure to obtain the timely listing of its common stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market, from $5.125 per share to $2.625 per share, in consideration for Pacific Grove immediately exercising such warrants for cash. Total consideration received from the exercise of the warrants by Pacific Grove pursuant to the Amendment was $385,875.

 

Pursuant to the anti-dilution provisions of the Purchase Agreement, the Purchasers were due their pro rata portion (less Stadlin, who had waived such rights) of an aggregate of an additional 4,390 shares of common stock in connection with the reduction in exercise price of the warrants held by Pacific Grove as described above.

 

As a result of all of the anti-dilutive transactions described above, a total of 14,458 shares of common stock were issued to the Purchasers (the “Liquidated Damage Shares”) and the exercise price of the warrants sold pursuant to the Purchase Agreement and granted as liquidated damages, as discussed below, was automatically adjusted from the original exercise price of $5.25 per share to $5.09 per share.

 

As a result of the liquidated damage provisions triggered by our failure to timely obtain an uplisting to the Nasdaq Capital Market, penalty warrants to purchase a total of 465,066 shares of common stock were granted to the Purchasers and the agent in the offering, of which warrants to purchase 265,300 shares of common stock have been exercised to date and which 265,300 shares of common stock have been issued in connection with the exercises thereof and warrants to purchase 199,766 shares of common stock remain unexercised as of the date of this Report.

 

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Employees

 

We employed 8 full-time employees at February 28, 2018. Additionally, we use independent contractors and temporary personnel to supplement our workforce, particularly in the development and technology tasks. Our employees are not represented by a labor union and we consider our employee relations to be good. Competition for qualified personnel in our industry has historically been intense, particularly for software engineers, developers and other technical staff.

 

Segments

 

We operate as one operating segment consisting of products and services related to our online marketplace of travel services. For a discussion of revenue, net income and total assets, see Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Our travel services are composed of the following services:

 

NextTrip.com is a travel portal that provides travelers with the ability to obtain flights, car and lodging rentals through third party relationships as well as a vast array of activities for entertainment while at their destinations. NextTrip.com will promote ALRs, in its lodging offering which includes vacation homes and unused timeshare properties.

 

Tours and activities are the focus of Maupintour. Maupintour is one of the oldest luxury tour companies in North America serving travel agents around the world. Maupintour has over 65 years’ experience with creating tours and activity-focused trips, from private tours of the Vatican to bicycling in the Alps to wine-tasting in Italy.
   
A vacation home platform for vacation home rentals to be made available to other Distributors is being incorporated into NextTrip.com and once incorporated (which is planned to be completed in the next few months, if not sooner), it will allow other travel distributors to have access to real-time on-line bookable ALRs and present these products to their customers. This platform will present, through a proprietary API, a diverse portfolio of properties.

 

A timeshare resort rental platform is also being incorporated into NextTrip.com with the goal of expanding the traditional “alternative lodging” definition to include higher-end resort units. This will allow consumers to search and book from hundreds of thousands of vacant timeshare units. This vacant inventory is global with a large portion in 4 and 5 star hotels and resorts. Once incorporated into Nextrip.com, consumers will be able to book resort properties, in real-time, at significant discounts and without fear of any timeshare Membership solicitation. Additionally, the platform (which is planned to be completed in the next few months, if not sooner) will provide timeshare Property Managers/Developers/Owners a complete management tool. This will allow them to add and edit their own properties, monitor inventory bookings and rent properties that would have previously been vacant.

 

A library of travel footage shot in many countries around the world. There are many clips of hotels, resorts, cruise and destination activities that are used in the creation of travel videos that are presented on NextTrip blog.

 

NextTrip.biz is an active, internet based, corporate booking solution as a standalone platform for business owners to be able to sign up, create accounts for employees, control expenditures, add markups, and manage overall business travel.

 

Travelmagazine.com is an online travel publication with the aim of giving travelers around the world inspiration for where to go next. The publication offers written articles, videos, and podcasts.

 

Other Investments:

 

We assess the potential impairment of our equity method investments when indicators such as a history of operating losses, negative earnings and cash flow outlook, and the financial condition and prospects for the investee’s business segment might indicate a loss in value. We have recognized an impairment loss on investment in unconsolidated affiliate. As of February 28, 2018, Monaker owned 44,470,101 shares of RealBiz Media Group, Inc. (RealBiz) Series A Preferred Stock. This interest, has been written down to zero ($0) as of February 28, 2018 and February 28, 2017 to reflect the realizable value of this investment.

 

Asset Purchases

 

On October 23, 2017, we entered into a Platform Purchase Agreement with Exponential, Inc. (“XPO”), which offers a white-label e- commerce platform. Pursuant to the Platform Purchase Agreement, XPO agreed to provide us software development services in connection with the development of an e-commerce platform (the Monaker Booking Engine (MBE)) and related application program interfaces (APIs). In consideration for the services agreed to be rendered by XPO, we issued XPO 200,000 shares of restricted common stock, valued at $1,485,000.

 

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On November 14, 2017, we entered into a Purchase Agreement with Michael Heinze, Michael Kistner and Rebecca Dernbach, whereby we purchased source code in connection with an alternative lodging platform for $75,000 in cash and 34,783 shares of restricted common stock with a market value of $5.75 per share and an aggregate value of $200,000 for a total acquisition of $275,000.

 

On November 21, 2017, Monaker entered into a Purchase Agreement and an addendum thereto (the “Purchase Addendum”) with A-Tech LLC (“A-Tech”) on behalf of its wholly-owned subsidiary Parula Village Ltd. (“Parula”) whereby Monaker purchased from A-Tech, through Parula, ownership of 12 parcels of land on Long Caye, Lighthouse Reef, Belize (the “Property”) for 240,000 shares of restricted common stock valued at a total of $1,500,000. Additionally, as part of the same consideration, A-Tech agreed to construct 12 vacation rental residences on the Property within 270 days of closing of the transaction (the “Construction Obligation”); and the agreement provided that if the vacation rental residences were not completed within the 270 days, Monaker would cancel 12,000 shares, valued at $75,000 (of the previously issued 240,000 shares of restricted common stock) for each residence not completed. In the event the average closing price of Monaker’s common stock for the 10 trading days prior to the 90th day after the closing of the transaction was less than $6.25 per share, Monaker was required to issue additional shares of restricted common stock such that the value of the shares issued to A-Tech totaled $1.5 million. On February 20, 2018 (the first business day following the 90th day after the closing), Monaker issued an additional 66,632 shares of common stock at $4.80 for a total of $319,834, to meet the 90 day anniversary look-back provision for a guaranteed purchase price of $1.5 million. In the event any encumbrances, taxes, levies, claims or liens of any kind are brought against the Property within 24 months of the closing, Monaker has the right at its sole discretion to either unwind the transaction and cancel all the shares issued to A-Tech or have A-Tech take actions to settle such claims. A-Tech also agreed to a leak out provision which prohibits it from selling shares of common stock exceeding 30% of the weekly volume of our common stock, up to a maximum of 96,000 shares each quarter, starting 180 days from the closing (provided that A-Tech is prohibited from selling any shares prior to the 180th day following the closing). Additionally, A-Tech granted us (or our assigns) a 48 hour first right of refusal to purchase any shares of common stock proposed to be sold by A-Tech at $6.25 per share, prior to A-Tech selling any such shares in the open market.

 

On May 31, 2018 effective February 28, 2018, Monaker and A-Tech entered into a First Amendment to the Purchase Agreement, to amend the terms of the Purchase Agreement to (a) provide for the acquisition by Monaker of a ‘right to own’ the Property instead of the ownership of the Property itself, as the title to the Property had not been legally transferred as of such date, which ‘right to own’ had an exercise price of $0 and was transferrable and exercisable by the Company at any time, (b) terminate the Construction Obligation, and (c) to correct certain inaccuracies in the original agreement. The First Amendment also required A-Tech to return 210,632 shares of common stock to Monaker for cancellation and were cancelled for non-performance. The First Amendment to the Purchase Agreement had an effective date of November 21, 2017.

 

Immediately thereafter, on May 31, 2018, Monaker and Bettwork entered into an agreement whereby Bettwork acquired the ‘right to own’ the Property from the Company in consideration for a Secured Convertible Promissory Note in the amount of $1.6 million (the “Secured Note”). The amount owed under the Secured Note accrues interest at a fluctuating interest rate, based on the prime rate, and is due and payable on May 31, 2020. The repayment of the Secured Note is secured by a first priority security interest in the ‘right to own’ and subsequent to the exercise thereof, the Property. Bettwork may prepay the Secured Note at any time, subject to its obligation to provide us 15 days prior written notice prior to any prepayment. The Secured Note is convertible into shares of Bettwork’s common stock, at our option, subject to a 9.99% beneficial ownership limitation. The conversion price of the Secured Note is $1.00 per share, unless, prior to the Secured Note being paid in full, Bettwork completes a capital raise or acquisition and issues common stock or common stock equivalents (including, but not limited to convertible securities) with a price per share (as determined in our reasonable discretion) less than the Conversion Price then in effect (each a “Transaction”), at which time the Conversion Price will be adjusted to match such lower pricing structure associated with the Transaction (provided such repricing shall continue to apply to subsequent Transactions which occur prior to the Secured Note being paid in full as well). Bettwork and A-Tech share a common principal.

 

The Company is actively working on creating several key relationships with travel suppliers to allow it to distribute its ALR offerings. Currently, travel revenues are principally generated by Maupintour. Maupintour’s revenue is generated from the sale of high-end escorted tours and Flexible Independent Travel (FIT) tours as well as upscale clientele seeking customized trips. The Company estimates that its target market for Maupintour represents less than 1% of all U.S. domestic leisure travelers. We believe that upscale travelers, primarily discerning “Baby Boomers,” seek travel solutions rather than pre-packaged tours, and Maupintour has consistently tried to cater to this niche marketplace, rather than compete on the lower end of the market.

 

The travel videos are active on the NextTrip Blog and the number of travel clips available is increasing. Our videos have calls-to-action that we plan to push across the web and to mobile devices. As brand awareness is created through this media, we anticipate that revenues should increase as well.

 

The Company’s target markets are a) those consumers that prefer a “home away from home” experience when choosing their lodging preference (i.e., vacation homes) and those consumers that want affordable high-end resort accommodations (i.e., timeshare resort units); and b) established distribution channels and portals that cater to those same consumers.

 

Essentially, the Company has identified its target products as ALRs along with activities / tours. Its historical television media and real estate assets have been disposed to focus exclusively on the travel sector. The Company continues to serve its existing travel clients through Maupintour and NextTrip.com.

 

Sources and Availability of Raw Materials and the Names of Principal Suppliers

 

Our products do not require the consumption of raw materials.

 

Dependence on One or a Few Customers

 

We do not depend on one or a few customers. As we expand our business, we do not anticipate that we will depend on one or a few customers.

 

Government Regulation

 

Our operations are subject to and affected by various government regulations, U.S. federal, state and local government authorities. These providers, distributors, etc. are also subject to periodic renewal and ongoing regulatory requirements. The rules, regulations, policies and procedures affecting our businesses are constantly subject to change. The following descriptions are summary in nature and do not purport to describe all present and proposed laws and regulations affecting our businesses.

 

Regulation of the Internet

 

We operate several internet websites which we use to distribute information about, and supplement our programs. Internet services are now subject to regulation in the United States relating to the privacy and security of personally identifiable user information and acquisition of personal information from children under the age of 13, including the federal Child Online Protection Act (COPA) and the federal Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing Act (CAN-SPAM). In addition, a majority of states have enacted laws that impose data security and security breach obligations. Additional federal and state laws and regulations may be adopted with respect to the Internet or other online services, covering such issues as user privacy, child safety, data security, advertising, pricing, content, copyrights and trademarks, access by persons with disabilities, distribution, taxation and characteristics and quality of products and services. In addition, to the extent we offer products and services to online consumers outside the United States, the laws and regulations of foreign jurisdictions, including, without limitation, consumer protection, privacy, advertising, data retention, intellectual property, and content limitations, may impose additional compliance obligations on us.

 

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Other Regulations

 

We are also subject to various local, state and federal regulations, including, without limitation, regulations promulgated by federal and state environmental, health and labor agencies.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

In addition to the other information in this Annual Report, readers should carefully consider the following important factors. These factors, among others, in some cases have affected, and in the future could affect, our financial condition and results of operations and could cause our future results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in any forward-looking statements that appear in this Annual Report or that we have made or will make elsewhere.

 

Risks Relating to the July/August 2017 Private Placement Offering

 

We face significant penalties and damages in the event the registration statement required to be filed by us in connection with our August 2017 private placement offering is subsequently suspended or terminated.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement entered into with the Purchasers in July 2017, relating to the sale of common stock and warrants, which closed in August 2017 (as described in greater detail above in “Item 1. Business” - “Recent Events Through Year-End” – “Private Placement Offering” and below under “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” – “Liquidity and Capital Resources” - “Recent Significant Funding Transactions” – “Private Placement Offering”), the Company agreed to use commercially reasonable efforts to file a registration statement on Form S-1 (or Form S-3, if available) with the SEC within 45 days following the closing of the August 2017 private placement offering (which date was September 25, 2017, and which filing deadline was met) to register the resale of the shares sold in connection therewith and the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants sold in connection therewith (collectively, the “Shares and Warrant Shares”) and to cause the registration statement to become effective within 120 days following the closing of the private placement offering (which date was December 9, 2017 and which registration statement became effective on November 13, 2017). In the event that there occurs a suspension in the availability of the registration statement, after effectiveness thereof, subject to certain exceptions described in the purchase agreement, we are required to pay to each purchaser (and the agent), on the 30th day following the first day of such suspension, and on each 30th day thereafter, an amount equal to 1% of the purchase price paid for the securities purchased by the purchaser (and agent) and not previously sold by the purchaser with such payments to be prorated on a daily basis during each 30 day period, up to a maximum of 6% of the purchase price paid for the securities.

 

We have already granted the purchasers additional warrants due to our failure to obtain the timely listing of our common stock on the NASDAQ Capital Market and in the event the required registration statement is subsequently suspended or terminated or we otherwise fail to meet certain requirements set forth in the purchase agreement, we could be required to pay significant additional penalties which could adversely affect our cash flow and cause the value of our securities to decline in value.

 

The restrictions and covenants in the purchase agreement, as well as any future financing agreements that we may enter into, may restrict our ability to finance our operations, engage in business activities or expand or fully pursue our business strategies. Our ability to comply with these covenants may be affected by events beyond our control and we may not be able to meet those covenants.

 

The warrants sold in the July/August private offering contain anti-dilution rights. The issuance and sale of common stock upon exercise of the warrants may cause substantial dilution to existing stockholders and may also depress the market price of our common stock.

 

The exercise price of the warrants sold in the July/August private offering (and the penalty warrants described above) was initially $5.25 per share, subject to adjustment as provided therein, and the warrants are exercisable beginning on July 31, 2017 through July 30, 2022. The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the warrants (and the penalty warrants described above) are subject to adjustment in the event of any stock dividends and splits, reverse stock split, recapitalization, reorganization or similar transaction, and are also subject to weighted average anti-dilution adjustments in the event the Company issues or is deemed to have issued any securities below the then exercise price of the warrants, subject to certain exceptions (i.e., the Exempt Issuances, described below), during the 12 months following the closing date, each as described in greater detail in the warrants. After the six month anniversary of the closing (February 11, 2018), if a registration statement covering the issuance or resale of the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants is not available for the issuance or resale, as applicable, the purchasers and the agent, may exercise the warrants by means of a “cashless exercise.”

 

As a result of the reduction in the exercise price of the Pacific Grove and Stadlin warrants as described above under “Part I” – “Item 1. Business” – “Recent Events Through Year-End”, the anti-dilution provision of the Purchasers warrants were triggered. Specifically, because the Company issued shares of common stock below the $5.25 exercise price of the warrants sold pursuant to the Purchase Agreement (and the warrants granted to the placement agent), the exercise price of such warrants automatically decreased to $5.09 per share.

 

If exercises of the warrants and sales of such shares issuable upon exercise thereof take place, the price of our common stock may decline. In addition, the common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants may represent overhang that may also adversely affect the market price of our common stock. Overhang occurs when there is a greater supply of a company’s stock in the market than there is demand for that stock. When this happens the price of the company’s stock will decrease, and any additional shares which stockholders attempt to sell in the market will only further decrease the share price. If the share volume of our common stock cannot absorb shares sold by the Warrant holders, then the value of our common stock will likely decrease.

 

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The shares sold pursuant to the July/August 2017 private offering purchase agreement were granted anti-dilution rights for a period of twelve months following the closing of such transaction.

 

Pursuant to the July/August 2017 private offering purchase agreement, we agreed that until the 12 month anniversary of the closing of the offering, i.e., August 11, 2018, if the Company or any subsidiary thereof issues or agrees to issue any (i) common stock or (ii) any securities of the Company or the subsidiary that would entitle the holder thereof to acquire at any time common stock, including without limitation, any debt, preferred stock, rights, options, warrants or other instrument that is at any time directly or indirectly convertible into or exchangeable for, or otherwise entitles the holder thereof to receive, common stock, except for the Exempt Issuances (defined above), entitling any person or entity to acquire shares of common stock at an effective price per share less than $5.00, within three trading days of the date thereof the Company is required to issue to such purchaser additional shares of common stock based on the formula set forth in the purchase agreement.

 

As a result of the reduction in the exercise price of the Pacific Grove and Stadlin warrants as described above under “Part I” – “Item 1. Business” – “Recent Events Through Year-End”, the anti-dilution provision of the Purchase Agreement was triggered. Specifically, because the Company issued shares of common stock below the $5.00 price per share of the securities sold pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, the Purchasers were issued an additional 15,686 shares of the Company’s common stock through the filing of this Report.

 

In the event we issue or are deemed to have issued additional securities for a value less than the adjusted price of $4.875, and we are required to issue the purchasers additional shares of common stock, it could cause significant dilution to existing stockholders.

 

If the holders of our common stock sell a large number of shares all at once or in blocks, the market price of our shares would most likely decline.

 

Up to 1,256,650 shares of common stock may be resold by certain stockholders through our resale registration statement filed to register the Shares and Warrant Shares, which became effective on November 13, 2017. Should such holders decide to sell their shares at a price below the market price as quoted on OTCQB, or any exchange on which our common stock might be listed in the future, the price may continue to decline. A steep decline in the price of our common stock upon being quoted on OTCQB, or any exchange on which our common stock might be listed in the future, would adversely affect our ability to raise additional equity capital, and even if we were successful in raising such capital, the terms of such raise may be substantially dilutive to current stockholders.

 

Risks Related to Our Operations, Business and Industry

 

We will need additional capital which may not be available on commercially acceptable terms, if at all, which raises questions about our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

As of February 28, 2018, and February 28, 2017, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $110,696,774 and $100,659,632, respectively. The net loss for the year ended February 28, 2018, amounted to $10,037,142 which is mostly attributable to $2,571,503 of general and administrative expenses (including $750,000 of bad debt reserve; $515,674 of professional fees related to RealBiz litigation; $295,128 of investor relations and; $282,134 of accounting and legal fees); $2,085,000 of impairment loss; $1,589,060 of salaries and benefits, $947,243 of stock-based compensation; $508,566 of technology and development; and other expenses of $84,423. The travel operations generated a gross profit of $102,462 while the costs to develop and repair the platforms and websites amounted to $508,566. Additional development expenses are expected and we believe that the platforms / websites are expected to be operational between the second and third quarter of the fiscal year ended February 28, 2019. The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern.

 

We are subject to all the substantial risks inherent in the development of a new business enterprise within an extremely competitive industry. Due to the absence of a long standing operating history and the emerging nature of the markets in which we compete, we anticipate operating losses until we can successfully implement our business strategy, which includes all associated revenue streams. Our revenue model is new and evolving, and we cannot be certain that it will be successful. The potential profitability of this business model is unproven. We may never ever achieve profitable operations or generate significant revenues. Our future operating results depend on many factors, including demand for our products, the level of competition, and the ability of our officers to manage our business and growth. As a result of the emerging nature of the market in which we compete, we may incur operating losses until such time as we can develop a substantial and stable revenue base. Additional development expenses may delay or negatively impact the ability of the Company to generate profits. Accordingly, we cannot assure you that our business model will be successful or that we can sustain revenue growth, achieve or sustain profitability, or continue as a going concern.

 

We currently have a monthly cash requirement of approximately $180,000, exclusive of capital expenditures. We believe that in the aggregate, we could require several millions of dollars to support and expand the marketing and development of our travel products, repay debt obligations, provide capital expenditures for additional equipment and development costs, payment obligations, office space and systems for managing the business, and cover other operating costs until our planned revenue streams from travel products are fully-implemented and begin to offset our operating costs. As described above, we believe that we have sufficient capital to support our operations with the funds raised in the July/August 2017 private placement offering (described above in “Part I” – “Item 1. Business” – “Recent Events Through Year End” – “Private Placement”), together with the warrants exercised in January 2018 and expected revenues which we anticipate generating beginning at the end of July 2018. Notwithstanding the above, if we require additional funding in the future and we are unable to obtain additional funding on acceptable terms, or at all, it will negatively impact our business, financial condition and liquidity. As of February 28, 2018 and February 28, 2017, we had $1,727,324 and $3,018,467, respectively, of current liabilities.

 

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Since our inception, we have funded our operations with the proceeds from private equity financings. Currently, revenues provide less than 10% of our cash requirements. Our remaining cash needs are derived from debt and equity raises.

 

We have experienced liquidity issues due to, among other reasons, our limited ability to raise adequate capital on acceptable terms. We have historically relied upon the issuance of promissory notes that are convertible into shares of our common stock to fund our operations and have devoted significant efforts to reduce that exposure. We anticipate that we will need to issue equity to fund our operations and continue to repay our outstanding debt for the foreseeable future. If we are unable to achieve operational profitability or we are not successful in securing other forms of financing, we will have to evaluate alternative actions to reduce our operating expenses and conserve cash.

 

These conditions raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern for the next twelve months. The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. Accordingly, the financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability of assets and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern. The financial statements included herein also include a going concern footnote from our auditors.

 

In the event we are unable to raise adequate funding in the future for our operations and to pay our outstanding debt obligations, we may be forced to scale back our business plan and/or liquidate some or all of our assets (or our creditors may undertake a foreclosure of such assets in order to satisfy amounts we owe to such creditors) or may be forced to seek bankruptcy protection, which could result in the value of our outstanding securities declining in value or becoming worthless.

 

The $4.5 million owed to us under Secured Convertible Promissory Notes and the $750,000 owed to us under a promissory note, each due from Bettwork Industries, Inc., may not be repaid timely, if at all.

 

Effective on August 31, 2017, we entered into a Purchase Agreement with Bettwork, pursuant to which we sold Bettwork certain of our media assets in consideration for a Secured Convertible Promissory Note in the principal amount of $2.9 million. The amount owed under the Secured Note accrues interest at a fluctuating interest rate, based on the prime rate, and is due and payable on August 31, 2020. The repayment of the Secured Note is secured by a first priority security interest in all of the acquired assets. Bettwork may prepay the Secured Note at any time, subject to its obligation to provide us 15 days prior written notice prior to any prepayment. The Secured Note is convertible into shares of Bettwork’s common stock, at our option, subject to a 4.99% beneficial ownership limitation. The conversion price of the Secured Note is $1.00 per share, unless, prior to the Secured Note being paid in full, Bettwork completes a capital raise or acquisition and issues common stock or common stock equivalents (including, but not limited to convertible securities) with a price per share (as determined in our reasonable discretion) less than the Conversion Price then in effect (each a “Transaction”), at which time the Conversion Price will be adjusted to match such lower pricing structure associated with the Transaction (provided such repricing shall continue to apply to subsequent Transactions which occur prior to the Secured Note being paid in full as well). On May 31, 2018, Monaker and Bettwork entered into an agreement whereby Bettwork acquired the ‘right to own’ certain property located in Belize from the Company in consideration for a Secured Convertible Promissory Note in the amount of $1.6 million. The amount owed under the Secured Convertible Promissory Note accrues interest at a fluctuating interest rate, based on the prime rate, and is due and payable on May 31, 2020. The repayment of the Secured Convertible Promissory Note is secured by a first priority security interest in the ‘right to own’ and subsequent to the exercise thereof, the property. Bettwork may prepay the Secured Convertible Promissory Note at any time, subject to its obligation to provide us 15 days prior written notice prior to any prepayment. The Secured Convertible Promissory Note is convertible into shares of Bettwork’s common stock, at our option, at a conversion price of $1.00, subject to adjustment as provided in the Secured Convertible Promissory Note, and subject to a 9.99% beneficial ownership limitation. Bettwork also owes us $750,000 under an outstanding promissory note.

 

Bettwork may not timely pay, or may not pay at all, the amounts due pursuant to the terms of the Secured Notes and promissory note. In the event that Bettwork fails to pay the amount due under the Secured Notes, we may be forced to attempt to foreclose on the assets securing the notes and/or enter into litigation against Bettwork, seeking the payment of the amount due. In the event that Bettwork does not have sufficient capital to pay the amounts due, we may be forced to accept a lesser amount of funding from Bettwork. Additionally, in the event that we are forced to foreclose on the assets securing the Secured Notes, such assets may not have a value equal to the amount owed under the notes and further, there may not be any other buyers for such assets. In the event we convert the amount due under the Secured Notes into common stock of Bettwork, such conversion may be at a premium to the market value of Bettwork’s common stock and there may be no market or liquidity for Bettwork’s common stock. In the event of the occurrence of any of the above described events, and/or in the event Bettwork fails to repay the promissory note, we may not have sufficient cash flow for our operations, may be forced to expend significant resources in litigation and/or in attempting to enforce our security interest over the assets, which may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, our ability to maintain any future listing we secure on a national stock exchange, and/or cause the value of our common stock to decline in value. As of February 28, 2018, the August 2017 Secured Note and promissory note have been reserved. The August 2017 Secured Note has been reserved with deferred revenue of $2,900,000 and the $750,000 promissory note has been reserved with bad debt expense. The $1.6 million Secured Convertible Promissory Note was entered into after February 28, 2018.

 

If we are not able to complete software interfaces with our property owners, managers and distributors, in a timely manner, our business is susceptible to shortfalls in revenues due to delays in remitting our ALRs to distributors and/or ALRs not being available for bookings or distribution.

 

The Company contracts with property owners and managers to list their ALRs on the Company’s system. Those ALRs will be populated into the system through an application programming interface (API) from the property owner and/or manager to the Company. If the technology of the API is inadequate, erroneous or corrupted, the Company may incur delays in populating the ALRs into the Company’s system until the issues related to their API are corrected. These delays could cause delays in realizing revenues from bookings from those additional ALRs.

 

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Also, the Company plans to provide its ALRs to distributors who will allow its customers to book those ALRs. The Company plans to make those ALRs available to distributors through its own API. If the technology of the distributor cannot write the correct program to request the ALRs from the Company’s operating system, the Company may incur delays in making the ALRs available to the distributor until the issues are resolved and the correct program is written by the distributor. These delays could cause delays in realizing revenues from bookings from those ALRs.

 

If we are unable to attract and maintain a critical mass of alternative lodging rental (ALR ) listings and travelers, whether due to competition or other factors, our marketplace will become less valuable to property owners and managers and to travelers, and it could significantly decrease our ability to generate revenue and net income in the future.

 

We anticipate that moving forward, most of our revenue will be generated when ALRs are booked by either customers to our website or, by customers to distributors we provide ALRs to (“Distributors”). Our revenue will be the difference between the funds received from our customers and distributors versus the net amount owed to the property owner / manager at the time of booking. Accordingly, our success primarily depends on our ability to attract owners, managers and travelers to NextTrip.com, Maupintour.com and to Distributors. If property owners and managers choose not to market their ALRs through our websites, or instead list them with a competitor, we may be unable to offer a sufficient supply and variety of ALRs to attract travelers to our websites. Similarly, our volume of new and renewal listings may suffer if we are unable to attract travelers to our websites or, to the Distributors. As a result of any of these events, the perceived usefulness of our online marketplace and the relationships with Distributors may decline, and, consequently, it could significantly decrease our ability to generate revenue and net income in the future. As a result, the value of our securities may decline in value or become worthless.

 

Currently pending or future litigation or governmental proceedings could result in material adverse consequences, including judgments or settlements.

 

From time to time, we are involved in lawsuits, regulatory inquiries and may be involved in governmental and other legal proceedings arising out of the ordinary course of our business. Many of these matters raise difficult and complicated factual and legal issues and are subject to uncertainties and complexities. The timing of the final resolutions to these types of matters is often uncertain. Additionally, the possible outcomes or resolutions to these matters could include adverse judgments or settlements, either of which could require substantial payments, adversely affecting our results of operations and liquidity.

 

Our business will depend substantially on property owners and managers renewing their listings.

 

Our business will depend substantially on property owners and managers renewing their listings. Significant declines in our listing renewals could harm our expected operating results. Property owners and managers will generally market their vacation rentals on our websites with no obligation to renew. We may be unable to predict future listing renewal rates accurately, and our renewal rates may decline materially or fluctuate as a result of a number of factors. These factors include property owners’ decisions to sell or to cease renting their properties, their decisions to use the services of our competitors, or their dissatisfaction with our pricing, products, services or websites. Property owners and managers may not establish or renew listings if we cannot generate a large number of travelers who book vacation rentals through our marketplace and/or through our distributors. As a result our revenue may decline and our results of operations may be negatively affected.

 

If Distributors are unable to drive customers to their websites and/or we are unable to drive visitors to our websites, from search engines or otherwise, this could negatively impact transactions on the websites of our Distributor websites as well as our websites and consequently cause our revenue to decrease.

 

Many visitors find the Distributors and our websites by searching for vacation rental information through Internet search engines. A critical factor in attracting visitors to our websites, and those of our Distributors, is how prominently our Distributors and we are displayed in response to search queries. Accordingly, we utilize search engine marketing, or SEM, as a means to provide a significant portion of our visitor acquisition. SEM includes both paid visitor acquisition (on a cost-per-click basis) and unpaid visitor acquisition, which is often referred to as organic search.

 

We will employ search engine optimization, or SEO to acquire visitors. SEO involves developing our websites in order to rank highly in relevant search queries. In addition to SEM and SEO, we may also utilize other forms of marketing to drive visitors to our websites, including branded search, display advertising and email marketing.

 

The various search engine providers, such as Google and Bing, employ proprietary algorithms and other methods for determining which websites are displayed for a given search query and how highly websites rank. Search engine providers may change these methods in a way that may negatively affect the number of visitors to our Distributors’ websites as well as our own websites and may do so without public announcement or detailed explanation. Therefore, the success of our SEO and SEM strategy depends, in part, on our ability to anticipate and respond to such changes in a timely and effective manner.

 

In addition, websites must comply with search engine guidelines and policies. These guidelines and policies are complex and may change at any time. If we or our Distributors fail to follow such guidelines and policies properly, the search engine may cause our content to rank lower in search results or could remove the content altogether. If we or our Distributors fail to understand and comply with these guidelines and policies and ensure our websites’ compliance, our SEO and SEM strategy may not be successful.

 

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If our Distributors or we are listed less prominently or fail to appear in search result listings for any reason, including as a result of our failure to successfully execute our SEO and SEM strategy, it is likely that we will acquire fewer visitors to our websites. Fewer visitors to our websites could lead to property owners and managers becoming dissatisfied with our websites, as well as fewer travelers inquiring and booking through our websites, either or both of which could adversely impact our revenue. We may not be able to replace this traffic in a cost-effective manner from other channels, such as cost-per-click SEM or display or other advertising, or even at all. Any attempt to replace this traffic through other channels may increase our sales and marketing expenditures, which could adversely affect our operating results.

 

Unfavorable changes in, or interpretations of, government regulations or taxation of the evolving alternative lodging rental (ALR), Internet and e- commerce industries could harm our operating results.

 

We have contracted for ALRs in markets throughout the world, in jurisdictions which have various regulatory and taxation requirements that can affect our operations or regulate the rental activity of property owners and managers.

 

Compliance with laws and regulations of different jurisdictions imposing different standards and requirements is very burdensome because each region has different regulations with respect to licensing and other requirements for ALRs. Our online marketplaces are accessible by property owners, managers and travelers in many states and foreign jurisdictions. Our efficiencies and economies of scale depend on generally uniform treatment of property owners, managers and travelers across all jurisdictions. Compliance requirements that vary significantly from jurisdiction to jurisdiction impose added costs and increased liabilities for compliance deficiencies. In addition, laws or regulations that may harm our business could be adopted, or interpreted in a manner that affects our activities, including but not limited to the regulation of personal and consumer information and real estate licensing requirements. Violations or new interpretations of these laws or regulations may result in penalties, negatively impact our operations and damage our reputation and business.

 

In addition, regulatory developments may affect the ALR industry and the ability of companies like us to list those vacation rentals online. For example, some municipalities have adopted ordinances that limit the ability of property owners and managers to rent certain properties for fewer than 30 consecutive days and other cities may introduce similar regulations. Some cities also have fair housing or other laws governing whether and how properties may be rented, which they assert apply to ALR. Many homeowners, condominium and neighborhood associations have adopted rules that prohibit or restrict short-term vacation rentals. In addition, many of the fundamental statutes and regulations that impose taxes or other obligations on travel and lodging companies were established before the growth of the Internet and e-commerce, which creates a risk of these laws being used, in ways not originally intended, that could burden property owners and managers or otherwise harm our business. These and other similar new and newly interpreted regulations could increase costs for, or otherwise discourage, owners and managers from listing their property with us, which could harm our business and operating results.

 

From time to time, we may become involved in challenges to, or disputes with government agencies regarding, these regulations. We may not be successful in defending against the application of these laws and regulations. Further, if we were required to comply with regulations and government requests that negatively impact our relations with property owners, managers and travelers, our business, operations and financial results could be adversely impacted.

 

Additionally, new, changed, or newly interpreted or applied tax laws, statutes, rules, regulations or ordinances could increase our property owners’ and managers’ and our compliance, operating and other costs. This, in turn, could deter property owners and managers from renting their ALR properties, negatively affect our new listings and renewals, or increase costs of doing business. Any or all of these events could adversely impact our business and financial performance.

 

Furthermore, as we expand or change the products and services that we offer or the methods by which we offer them, we may become subject to additional legal regulations, tax requirements or other risks. Regulators may seek to impose regulations and requirements on us even if we utilize third parties to offer the products or services. These regulations and requirements may apply to payment processing, insurance products or the various other products and services we may now or in the future offer or facilitate through our marketplace. Whether we comply with or challenge these additional regulations, our costs may increase and our business may otherwise be harmed.

 

If we are not able to maintain and enhance our NextTrip brand and the brands associated with each of our websites, our reputation and business may suffer.

 

It is important for us to maintain and enhance our brand identity in order to attract and retain property owners, managers, distributors and travelers. The successful promotion of our brands will depend largely on our marketing and public relations efforts. We expect that the promotion of our brands will require us to make substantial investments, and, as our market becomes more competitive, these branding initiatives may become increasingly difficult and expensive. In addition, we may not be able to successfully build our NextTrip brand identity without losing value associated with, or decreasing the effectiveness of, our other brand identities. If we do not successfully maintain and enhance our brands, we could lose traveler traffic, which could, in turn, cause property owners and managers to terminate or elect not to renew their listings with us. In addition, our brand promotion activities may not be successful or may not yield revenue sufficient to offset their cost, which could adversely affect our reputation and business.

 

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Our long-term success depends, in part, on our ability to expand our property owner, manager and traveler bases outside of the United States and, as a result, our business is susceptible to risks associated with international operations.

 

We have limited operating and e-commerce experience in many foreign jurisdictions and are making significant investments to build our international operations. We plan to continue our efforts to expand globally, including acquiring international businesses and conducting business in jurisdictions where we do not currently operate. Managing a global organization is difficult, time consuming and expensive and any international expansion efforts that we undertake may not be profitable in the near or long term or otherwise be successful. In addition, conducting international operations subjects us to risks that include:

 

the cost and resources required to localize our services, which requires the translation of our websites and their adaptation for local practices and legal and regulatory requirements;

 

adjusting the products and services we provide in foreign jurisdictions, as needed, to better address the needs of local owners, managers, distributors and travelers, and the threats of local competitors;

 

being subject to foreign laws and regulations, including those laws governing Internet activities, email messaging, collection and use of personal information, ownership of intellectual property, taxation and other activities important to our online business practices, which may be less developed, less predictable, more restrictive, and less familiar, and which may adversely affect financial results in certain regions;

 

competition with companies that understand the local market better than we do or who have pre-existing relationships with property owners, managers, distributors and travelers in those markets;

 

legal uncertainty regarding our liability for the transactions and content on our websites, including online bookings, property listings and other content provided by property owners and managers, including uncertainty resulting from unique local laws or a lack of clear precedent of applicable law;

 

lack of familiarity with and the burden of complying with a wide variety of other foreign laws, legal standards and foreign regulatory requirements, including invoicing, data collection and storage, financial reporting and tax compliance requirements, which are subject to unexpected changes;

 

laws and business practices that favor local competitors or prohibit or limit foreign ownership of certain businesses;

 

challenges associated with joint venture relationships and minority investments;

 

adapting to variations in foreign payment forms;

 

difficulties in managing and staffing international operations and establishing or maintaining operational efficiencies;

 

difficulties in establishing and maintaining adequate internal controls and security over our data and systems;

 

currency exchange restrictions and fluctuations in currency exchange rates;

 

potentially adverse tax consequences, which may be difficult to predict, including the complexities of foreign value added tax systems and restrictions on the repatriation of earnings;

 

increased financial accounting and reporting burdens and complexities and difficulties in implementing and maintaining adequate internal controls;

 

political, social and economic instability abroad, war, terrorist attacks and security concerns in general;

 

the potential failure of financial institutions internationally;

 

reduced or varied protection for intellectual property rights in some countries; and

 

higher telecommunications and Internet service provider costs.

 

Operating in international markets also requires significant management attention and financial resources. We cannot guarantee that our international expansion efforts in any or multiple territories will be successful. The investment and additional resources required to establish operations and manage growth in other countries may not produce desired levels of revenue or profitability and could instead result in increased costs.

 

 17

 

The market in which we participate is highly competitive, and we may be unable to compete successfully with our current or future competitors.

 

The market to provide listing, search and marketing services for the ALR industry is very competitive and highly fragmented. In addition, the barriers to entry are low and new competitors may enter. All of the services that we plan to provide to property owners, managers and travelers, including listing and search, are provided separately or in combination by current or potential competitors. Our competitors may adopt aspects of our business model, which could reduce our ability to differentiate our services. Additionally, current or new competitors may introduce new business models or services that we may need to adopt or otherwise adapt to in order to compete, which could reduce our ability to differentiate our business or services from those of our competitors. Furthermore, properties in the ALR industry are not typically marketed exclusively through any single channel, and our listing agreements are not typically exclusive. Accordingly, our competitors could aggregate a set of listings similar to ours. Increased competition could result in a reduction in revenue, rate of new listing acquisition, existing listings or market share.

 

There are thousands of vacation rental listing websites that compete directly with us for listings, travelers, or both, such as Booking.com, HomeAway.com, Airbnb, and TripAdvisor. Many of these competitors offer free or heavily discounted listings or focus on a particular geographic location or a specific type of rental property. Some of them also aggregate property listings obtained through various sources, including the websites of property managers some of whom will also market their properties on our websites.

 

Competitors also operate websites directed at the wider fragmented travel lodging market, such as Airbnb and HomeAway by listing either rooms or the owner’s primary home. These properties increase both the number of rental opportunities available to travelers and the competition for the attention of the traveler. Some vacation rental property owners and managers also list on these websites, and consequently these companies currently compete with us to some extent.

 

We will also compete with online travel agency websites, such as Expedia, Hotels.com, Kayak, Priceline, Booking.com, Orbitz and Travelocity, which have traditionally provided comprehensive travel services and some of whom are now expanding into the vacation rental category. We also compete with large Internet search companies, such as craigslist, eBay, Google, MSN.com and Yahoo!, which provide listing or advertising services in addition to a wide variety of other products or services. In addition, some competitors, such as Perfect Places, Inc., Atraveo and eDomizil, predominately serve the professional property manager marketplace, and therefore have the ability to create more products and features targeted to property managers. Hotels, corporate travel providers, travel metasearch engines, travel content aggregators, mobile platform travel applications, social media websites, and even mobile computing hardware providers all also have the potential to increase their competitive presence in the areas of our business as well.

 

We believe we will compete primarily on the basis of the quantity and quality of our listings, the quality of the direct relationships we have with distributors, property owners and managers, the volume of expected travelers who will visit our websites, the global diversity of the vacation rentals available on our websites, the quality of our websites, the tools provided to our distributors, property owners and managers to assist them with their business, customer service, brand identity, the success of our marketing programs, and price. If current or potential property owners, managers, distributors or travelers choose to use any of these competitive offerings in lieu of ours, our revenue could decrease and we could be required to make additional expenditures to compete more effectively. Any of these events or results could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

In addition, most of our current or potential competitors are larger and have more resources than we do. Many of our current and potential competitors enjoy substantial competitive advantages, such as greater name recognition in their markets, longer operating histories and larger marketing budgets, as well as substantially greater financial, technical and other resources. In addition, our current or potential competitors may have access to larger property owner, manager or traveler bases. As a result, our competitors may be able to respond more quickly and effectively than we can to new or changing opportunities, technologies, standards or owner, manager or traveler requirements. Furthermore, because of these advantages, existing and potential owners, managers, distributors and travelers might accept our competitors’ offerings, even if they may be inferior to ours. For all of these reasons, we may not be able to compete successfully against our current and future competitors.

 

If the businesses and/or assets that we have acquired or invested in do not perform as expected or we are unable to effectively integrate acquired businesses, our operating results and prospects could be harmed.

 

We have four platforms, a library of travel footage, an equity investment in RealBiz Media Group, Inc. and land in Belize to be developed into vacation rentals. The businesses we have acquired, or invested in, may not perform as well as we expect. Failure to manage and successfully integrate recently acquired businesses and technologies could harm our operating results and our prospects. If the companies we have invested in do not perform well, our investments could become impaired and our financial results could be negatively impacted.

 

Our mergers and acquisitions involve numerous risks, including the following:

 

difficulties in integrating and managing the combined operations, technologies, technology platforms and products of the acquired companies and realizing the anticipated economic, operational and other benefits in a timely manner, which could result in substantial costs and delays or other operational, technical or financial problems;

 

legal or regulatory challenges or post-acquisition litigation, which could result in significant costs or require changes to the businesses or unwinding of the transaction;

 

 18

 

failure of the acquired company or assets to achieve anticipated revenue, earnings or cash flow;

 

diversion of management’s attention or other resources from our existing business;

 

our inability to maintain key distributors and business relationships, and the reputations of acquired businesses;

 

uncertainty resulting from entering markets in which we have limited or no prior experience or in which competitors have stronger market positions;

 

our dependence on unfamiliar affiliates and partners of acquired businesses;

 

unanticipated costs associated with pursuing acquisitions;

 

liabilities of acquired businesses, which may not be disclosed to us or which may exceed our estimates, including liabilities relating to non-compliance with applicable laws and regulations, such as data protection and privacy controls;

 

difficulties in assigning or transferring to us or our subsidiaries intellectual property licensed to companies we acquired;

 

difficulties in maintaining our internal standards, controls, procedures and policies including financial reporting requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and extending these controls to acquired companies;

 

potential loss of key employees of the acquired companies;

 

difficulties in complying with antitrust and other government regulations;

 

challenges in integrating and auditing the financial statements of acquired companies that have not historically prepared financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles; and

 

potential accounting charges to the extent intangibles recorded in connection with an acquisition, such as goodwill, trademarks, customer relationships or intellectual property, are later determined to be impaired and written down in value.

 

Moreover, we rely heavily on the representations and warranties provided to us by the sellers of acquired companies and assets, including as they relate to creation, ownership and rights in intellectual property, existence of open source software and compliance with laws and contractual requirements. If any of these representations and warranties are inaccurate or breached, such inaccuracy or breach could result in costly litigation and assessment of liability for which there may not be adequate recourse against such sellers, in part due to contractual time limitations and limitations of liability.

 

If we are unable to introduce new or upgraded products, services or features that distributors, travelers or property owners and managers recognize as valuable, we may fail to (i) drive additional travelers to the websites of our distributors, (ii) drive additional travelers to our websites, (iii) retain existing property owners and managers, (iv) attract new property owners and managers, (v) retain existing distributors, and/or (vi) attract new distributors. Our efforts to develop new and upgraded services and products could require us to incur significant costs.

 

In order to attract travelers to (i) our distributors, as well as (ii) our own online marketplace while retaining, and attracting new, distributors, property owners and managers, we will need to continue to invest in the development of new products, services and features that both add value for travelers, distributors, property owners and managers and differentiate us from our competitors. The success of new products, services and features depends on several factors, including the timely completion, introduction and market acceptance of the product, service or feature. If travelers, distributors, property owners or managers do not recognize the value of our new services or features, they may choose not to utilize our products or list on our online marketplace.

 

Attempting to develop and deliver these new or upgraded products, services or features involves inherent hazards and difficulties, and is costly. Efforts to enhance and improve the ease of use, responsiveness, functionality and features of our existing websites have inherent risks, and we may not be able to manage these product developments and enhancements successfully. We may not succeed in developing new or upgraded products, services or features or new or upgraded products, services or features may not work as intended or provide value. In addition, some new or upgraded products, services or features may be difficult for us to market and may also involve unfavorable pricing. Even if we succeed, we cannot guarantee that our property owners and managers will respond favorably.

 

In addition to developing our own improvements, we may choose to license or otherwise integrate applications, content and data from third parties. The introduction of these improvements imposes costs on us and creates a risk that we may be unable to continue to access these technologies and content on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. In the event we fail to develop new or upgraded products, services or features, the demand for our services and ultimately our results of operations may be adversely affected.

 

 19

 

We have a relatively limited operating history and we operate in a rapidly evolving industry, which makes it difficult to evaluate our current business and future prospects. If we fail to predict the manner in which our business will perform or how the market will develop, our business and prospects may suffer materially.

 

Our limited operating history, together with our rapidly changing industry, may make it difficult to evaluate our current business and our future prospects. We have encountered, and will continue to encounter, risks and difficulties frequently experienced by growing companies in rapidly changing industries. These include challenges in accurate financial planning and forecasting as we develop new products or strategic plans with little or no historical reference as a basis for such planning and forecasting. Our business and prospects should be considered in light of the risks and difficulties we may encounter as a company operating in a highly competitive environment where changes to our business, plans, and products may be required to respond to such changes.

 

In addition, the market for online ALR is relatively new and, in many territories, is unproven with little data or research available regarding the market and industry. It is uncertain whether the ALR market in many territories will continue to develop or if our services will achieve and sustain a level of demand and market acceptance sufficient for us to generate revenue, net income and cash flow growth, at anticipated levels or at all; we may need to focus on, or offer, different types of products and services in order to remain competitive. Our success will depend, to a substantial extent, on the willingness of property owners and managers to use commercial online rental property listing services. Some property managers have developed (and use) their own proprietary online listing services and, therefore, may be reluctant or unwilling to use our services to market their properties. Furthermore, some travelers and property owners and managers may be reluctant or unwilling to use online listing services because of concerns regarding the security of data, the potential for fraudulent activity, including phishing, or the integrity of the online marketplace. If property owners and managers do not perceive the benefits of marketing their properties online, then our market may not develop as we expect, or it may develop more slowly than we expect, either of which could significantly harm our business and operating results. Moreover, our success will depend on travelers’ use of our distributors, as well as our own, online marketplace to search, locate and rent vacation rentals, which will depend on their willingness to use the Internet and their belief in the integrity of the websites. In addition, since we operate in unproven and unstudied markets, we have limited insight into trends that may develop in those markets and may affect our business. We may make errors in predicting and reacting to other relevant business trends, which could harm our business.

 

Changes in our effective tax rate could harm our future operating results.

 

We are subject to federal and state income taxes in the United States and in various foreign jurisdictions. Our provision for income taxes and our effective tax rate are subject to volatility and could be adversely affected by several circumstances, including:

 

earnings being lower than anticipated in countries that have lower tax rates and higher than anticipated in countries that have higher tax rates;

 

effects of certain non-tax deductible expenses;

 

changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets and liabilities;

 

transfer pricing adjustments, including the effect of acquisitions on our intercompany research and development cost sharing arrangement and legal structure;

 

adverse outcomes resulting from any tax audit;

 

our ability to utilize our net operating losses and other deferred tax assets; and

 

changes in accounting principles or changes in tax laws and regulations, or the application of the tax laws and regulations, including possible U.S. changes to the deductibility of expenses attributable to foreign income, or the foreign tax credit rules.

 

Significant judgment is required in the application of accounting guidance relating to uncertainty in income taxes. If tax authorities challenge our tax positions and any such challenges are settled unfavorably, it could adversely impact our provision for income taxes.

 

We are exposed to fluctuations in currency exchange rates.

 

Because we plan to conduct a significant portion of our business outside the United States but report our results in U.S. dollars, we face exposure to adverse movements in currency exchange rates, which may cause our revenue and operating results to differ materially from expectations. In addition, fluctuation in our mix of U.S. and foreign currency denominated transactions may contribute to this effect as exchange rates vary. Moreover, as a result of these exchange rate fluctuations, revenue, cost of revenue, operating expenses and other operating results may differ materially from expectations when translated from the local currency into U.S. dollars upon consolidation. For example, if the U.S. dollar strengthens relative to foreign currencies our non-U.S. revenue would be adversely affected when translated into U.S. dollars. Conversely, a decline in the U.S. dollar relative to foreign currencies would increase our non-U.S. revenue when translated into U.S. dollars. We may enter into hedging arrangements in order to manage foreign currency exposure but such activity may not completely eliminate fluctuations in our operating results.

 

 20

 

Our business depends on retaining and attracting capable management and operating personnel.

 

Our success depends in large part on our ability to attract and retain high-quality management and operating personnel, as well as skilled technical and marketing personnel, who are in high demand and are often subject to competing offers. Competition for qualified employees is intense in our industry, and the loss of even a few qualified employees, or an inability to attract, retain and motivate additional highly skilled employees required for the planned expansion of our business could harm our operating results and impair our ability to grow. To attract and retain key personnel, we use various measures, including an equity incentive program and incentive bonuses for executive officers and other key employees. While we attempt to provide additional or different incentive compensation tools to mitigate this impact, the measures we employ to attract and maintain key personnel may not be effective enough to enable us to attract and retain the personnel we require to operate our business effectively.

 

If we lose the services of our key personnel, including William Kerby, our Chief Executive Officer, our business would be materially and adversely affected. Furthermore, we do not have “key person” life insurance, and we do not presently intend to purchase such insurance, on Mr. Kerby or any of our other key personnel. We believe that our success is substantially dependent upon: (1) our ability to retain and motivate our senior management team and other key employees; and (2) our ability to identify, attract, hire, train, retain and motivate other qualified personnel. The development of our business and operations is dependent upon the efforts and talents of our executive officers, whose extensive experience and contacts within the industries in which we wish to compete are a critical component of our business strategy. We may not be successful in retaining the services of any of the members of our senior management team or other key personnel, or in hiring qualified technical, managerial, marketing and administrative personnel. If we do not succeed in retaining our employees and in attracting new employees, our business could suffer significantly.

 

The employment agreements of our officers include limited non-solicitation and non-compete provisions and provide for severance pay upon termination of such agreements for certain reasons.

 

William Kerby, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, entered into an employment agreement, dated October 15, 2006 and earns an annual base salary of $375,000. He may also, as determined by the Board of Directors (or an authorized committee thereof), receive a year-end performance bonus. The agreement has automatic renewal periods of four years each, and is currently in place until October 14, 2018. In the event the agreement is terminated by the Company with notice of non-renewal, the Company is required to pay Mr. Kerby all salary earned up until the date of termination, plus three months’ severance. The Agreement is also terminated upon the death or disability (i.e., he is unable to perform duties for a period of 120 days out of any 180 day period) of Mr. Kerby, and can be terminated by the Company for cause (gross negligence, willful misconduct, willful nonfeasance, material breach, conviction following final disposition of any available appeal of a felony or pleading guilty to or no contest to any felony) or without cause, and by Mr. Kerby for good reason (i.e., in the event the Company breaches any term of the agreement) or for no reason. In the event Mr. Kerby’s employment is terminated due to Mr. Kerby’s death, the Company is required to continue to pay his salary to his estate for a period of six months. In the event Mr. Kerby’s employment is terminated due to Mr. Kerby’s disability, the Company is required to continue to pay Mr. Kerby’s salary for the greater of two years or the period until disability insurance benefits furnished by the Company, if any, begin. In the event Mr. Kerby terminates his employment for good reason or the Company terminates his employment without cause, the Company is required to continue to pay Mr. Kerby’s salary and benefits for the remainder of the then term. In the event the Company terminates his employment for cause, Mr. Kerby is due his salary through the termination date. The agreement includes non-solicitation and non-competition clauses, prohibiting him from soliciting customers and clients of the Company or otherwise interfering with the Company’s employees for a period of six months from the date of termination, and prohibiting him from competing against the Company anywhere in the United States, for a period of three months from the date of termination, respectively, provided that the non-competition provision is voided in the event of the non-renewal of the agreement, in the event Mr. Kerby terminates his employment for good reason, in the event the Company terminates the agreement other than for cause, and certain other reasons described in greater detail in the agreement.

 

Omar Jimenez, our Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer, entered into an employment agreement, dated January 4, 2016, and earns an annual base salary of $325,000, and he is eligible for cash or common stock bonuses at the discretion of the board of directors. If the agreement is terminated by Mr. Jimenez for good reason (as defined in the agreement) or by the Company without cause, and other than due to Mr. Jimenez’s death or disability, Mr. Jimenez is due two calendar months of severance pay; if the agreement is terminated due to Mr. Jimenez’s disability, Mr. Jimenez, is due compensation through the remainder of the month during which he was terminated. The agreement includes a one year non-solicitation and non-competition clause following the date of the termination of the agreement, which non-competition clause prohibits him (without the prior written consent of the Company which consent will not be unreasonably withheld) from directly or through another person or another entity carrying on or being engaged in any business within North America which is competitive with the business of the Company, however the non-compete shall terminate in the event of a termination of employment by Mr. Jimenez for good reason or a termination by the Company other than for cause or disability.

 

The automatic renewal feature of the agreements may prevent us from terminating the employment of such officers, the non-solicitation and non-compete provisions may not provide us adequate protection from such persons competing with us after their termination, and the severance pay payable to such individuals may make it costly to terminate the employment of such individuals, make us less attractive for potential acquirers or prevent a change of control.

 

 21

 

If we fail to protect confidential information against security breaches, or if distributors, property owners, managers or travelers are reluctant to use our online marketplace because of privacy or security concerns, we might face additional costs, and activity on our websites could decline.

 

We collect and use personally identifiable information of distributors, property owners, managers and travelers in the operation of our business. Our systems may be vulnerable to computer viruses or physical or electronic break-ins that our security measures may not detect. Anyone that is able to circumvent our security measures could misappropriate confidential or proprietary information, cause interruption in our operations, damage our computers or those of our users, or otherwise damage our reputation and business. We may need to expend significant resources to protect against security breaches or to address problems caused by breaches. Security breaches of our systems, or even the systems of third parties we rely upon, such as credit card processors, could damage our reputation and expose us to litigation and possible liability under various laws and regulations. In addition, industry-wide incidents, or incidents specific to us, could deter people from using our distributors’, as well as, our online marketplaces. Concern among distributors, property owners, managers and travelers regarding our use of personal information collected on our websites could keep them from using, or continuing to use, our online marketplace.

 

There are risks of security breaches both on our own systems and on third party systems which store our information as we increase the types of technology we use to operate our marketplace, such as mobile applications. New and evolving technology systems and platforms may involve security risks that are difficult to predict and adequately guard against. In addition, third parties that process credit card transactions between us and property owners and managers maintain personal information collected from them. Such information could be stolen or misappropriated, and we could be subject to liability as a result. Further, property owners and managers may develop a lack of confidence in these third parties or in their ability to securely conduct credit card transactions on our distributors’ websites, our websites or the Internet in general, which could adversely impact our business, revenue and operating results. Our property owners, managers and travelers may be harmed by such breaches and we may in turn be subject to costly litigation or regulatory compliance costs, and harm to our reputation and brand. Moreover, some property owners, managers and travelers may cease using our marketplace altogether.

 

The laws of some states and countries require businesses that maintain personal information about their residents in electronic databases to implement reasonable measures to keep that information secure. Our practice is to encrypt all sensitive information, but we do not know whether our current practice will be challenged under these laws. In addition, under certain of these laws, if there is a breach of our computer systems and we know or suspect that unencrypted personal data has been stolen, we are required to inform any user whose data was stolen, which could harm our reputation and business. Complying with the applicable notice requirements in the event of a security breach could result in significant costs. We may also be subject to contractual claims, investigation and penalties by regulatory authorities, and claims by persons whose information was disclosed.

 

Compounding these legal risks, many states and countries have enacted different and often contradictory requirements for protecting personal information collected and maintained electronically. Compliance with these numerous and contradictory requirements is particularly difficult for us because we collect personal information from users in multiple jurisdictions. While we intend to comply fully with these laws, failure to comply could result in legal liability, cause us to suffer adverse publicity and lose business, traffic and revenue. If we were required to pay any significant amount of money in satisfaction of claims under these or similar laws, or if we were forced to cease our business operations for any length of time as a result of our inability to comply fully, our business, operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected.

 

In addition, third parties may target users of our websites directly with attempts to breach the security of their email accounts or management systems, such as through phishing attacks, which are fraudulent identity theft schemes designed to appear as legitimate emails from us or from our property owners and managers. Criminals may also employ other schemes aimed at defrauding our property owners, managers or travelers in ways that we may not anticipate or be able to adequately guard against. Although phishing attacks and other fraud schemes are generally not carried out through our systems, victims may nevertheless seek recovery from us. As a result, we may be required to defend ourselves in costly litigation and may suffer harm to our reputation, brand and business.

 

In the event any of the above risks were to occur our reputation could be harmed, we and/or our distributors could lose either website traffic or users and as a result, our results of operations and the value of our securities could be adversely affected.

 

If we are unable to adapt to changes in technology, our business could be harmed.

 

Because property owners, managers and travelers can access our websites using a variety of hardware and software platforms, we will need to continuously modify and enhance our service to keep pace with related technological changes. We may not be successful in developing necessary, functional and popular modifications and enhancements. Furthermore, uncertainties about the timing and nature of these necessary changes could result in unplanned research and development expenses. In addition, any failure of our online marketplace to operate effectively with future technologies could result in dissatisfaction from travelers, distributors, property owners, and managers, any of which could harm our business.

 

We may be subject to liability for the activities of our property owners and managers, which could harm our reputation and increase our operating costs.

 

We may receive complaints related to certain activities on our websites, including disputes over the authenticity of an ALR listing. We may be subject to claims of liability for unauthorized use of credit card and/or bank account information, identity theft, phishing attacks, potential breaches of system security, libel, and infringement of third-party copyrights, trademarks or other intellectual property rights. Fraud may be purported by owners or managers listing properties which either do not exist or are significantly not as described in the listing. The methods used by perpetrators of fraud constantly evolve and are complex. Moreover, our trust and security measures may not detect all fraudulent activity. Consequently, we expect to receive complaints from travelers and requests for reimbursement of their rental fees, as well as actual or threatened related legal action against us in the usual course of business.

 

 22

 

We may also be subject to claims of liability based on events that occur during travelers’ stays at ALRs, including those related to robbery, injury, death, and other similar incidents. These types of claims could increase our operating costs and adversely affect our business and results of operations, even if these claims do not result in liability, as we incur costs related to investigation and defense. The available terms and conditions of our websites specifically state that we are exempt from any liability to travelers relating to these matters. However, the enforceability of these terms varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, and the laws in this area are consistently evolving. If we are subject to liability or claims of liability relating to the acts of our property owners or managers, or due to fraudulent listings, we may be subject to negative publicity, incur additional expenses and be subject to liability, any of which could harm our business and our operating results.

 

Loss or material modification of our credit card acceptance privileges could have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results. Credit card acceptance privileges involve additional potential costs relating to reimbursements and fraud.

 

The loss of our credit card acceptance privileges could significantly limit the availability and desirability of our products and services. Moreover, if we fail to fully perform our contractual obligations we could be obligated to reimburse credit card companies for refunded payments that have been contested by the cardholders. In addition, even when we are in compliance with these obligations, we bear other expenses including those related to the acceptance of fraudulent credit cards. As a result of all of these risks, credit card companies may require us to set aside additional cash reserves, may increase the transaction fees they charge us, or may even refuse to renew our acceptance privileges.

 

In addition, credit card networks, such as Visa, MasterCard and American Express, have adopted rules and regulations that apply to all merchants who process and accept credit cards and include the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards, or the PCI DSS. Under these rules, we are required to adopt and implement internal controls over the use, storage and security of card data. We assess our compliance with the PCI DSS rules on a periodic basis and make necessary improvements to our internal controls. Failure to comply may subject us to fines, penalties, damages and civil liability and could prevent us from processing or accepting credit cards. However, we cannot guarantee that compliance with these rules will prevent illegal or improper use of our payments systems or the theft, loss or misuse of the credit card data.

 

The loss of, or the significant modification of, the terms under which we obtain credit card acceptance privileges could have a material adverse effect on our business, revenue and operating results.

 

Our revenue, expenses and operating results could be negatively affected by changes in travel, real estate and ALR markets, as well as general economic conditions.

 

Our business is particularly sensitive to trends in the travel, real estate and vacation rental markets, which are unpredictable, as well as trends in the general economy. Therefore, our operating results, to the extent they reflect changes in the broader travel, real estate and vacation rental industries, may be subject to significant fluctuations. For example, changes in the travel industry, such as disruptions caused by war, terrorist attacks, natural disasters, weather, bankruptcies or diseases could significantly reduce the willingness of potential travelers to plan vacation and other travel. Such disruptions that harm or destroy vacation homes could cause the property owners and managers of such homes to cancel or fail to renew their listings. Downturns in real estate markets may result in decreased new building rates and increases in foreclosures, which could also result in fewer vacation rentals available for listing. Also, since vacation travel is generally dependent on discretionary spending, negative general economic conditions could significantly reduce the overall amount that travelers spend on vacation travel.

 

Additionally, property owners may choose or be forced to sell their vacation rentals during periods of economic slowdown or recession. Any or all of these factors could reduce the demand for vacation rentals and our services, thereby reducing our revenue. This in turn could increase our need to make significant expenditures to continue to attract distributors, property owners, managers and travelers to our websites.

 

Vacation rentals are often located in popular vacation destinations around the world and utilized on a seasonal basis. Factors influencing the desirability of vacation rentals in a particular region or season could adversely affect our ability to obtain new listings and retain existing listings.

 

ALRs are often located in popular vacation destinations and utilized on a seasonal basis. As a result, our listings involve properties that are often concentrated in particular regions, and our revenue is dependent upon our ability (or willingness) to list properties in those regions. If we became unable (or unwilling) to list properties in a particular region, our listings in the region could decline or cease to grow, and revenue and results of operations could be adversely impacted.

 

In addition, factors influencing the desirability of ALRs in a particular region or during a specific season could adversely affect our ability to obtain new listings and retain existing listings. A significant natural disaster, political turmoil or other regional disturbance could reduce the number of available vacation rentals in that area, reducing our listing base and our revenue. In addition, if we do not have sufficient property listings in a newly popular vacation destination, we could fail to attract travelers; consequently, property owners and managers may opt to list their properties with a competitor having a greater presence in that area.

 

 23

 

We could face liability for transactions and information on (or accessible through) our or, our distributors’, online marketplaces.

 

A significant portion of the information available through our and our distributors’ online marketplaces is submitted by property owners and managers and third parties. Property owners and managers could assert that information concerning them on our websites contains errors or omissions and third parties could seek damages from us for losses incurred if they rely upon such incorrect information. We could also be subject to claims that such information is defamatory, libelous, or infringes on third-party copyrights and privacy and publicity rights. We might be subject to claims that by providing links to third party websites, we are liable for wrongful actions by those third parties. Even if these claims do not result in liability to us, we could incur significant costs in investigating and defending against these claims.

 

In addition, our services will feature a property review platform, which allows travelers to post property reviews and other information about properties, property owners and managers. Although this feedback is generated by users and not by us, claims of libel, defamation or other injury have been made against other Internet service providers offering similar forums and may be made against us for content posted in this forum. Our potential liability for this information could require us to expend substantial resources to reduce our liability exposure and may limit the attractiveness of our and our distributors’ online marketplace. Moreover, our general liability insurance may not cover all potential claims to which we are exposed and may not be adequate to indemnify us for all liability that may be imposed and as a result we could face significant liability for such claims which could have a material adverse effect on our cash flows.

 

Property owner, distributor, manager or traveler complaints or negative publicity about our company, our services or our business activities could diminish use of our online marketplace and our brand.

 

Property owner, distributor, manager or traveler complaints or negative publicity about our company, our services or our business activities could severely diminish consumer confidence in and use of our online marketplace and negatively affect our brand. Our measures to combat risks of fraud and breaches of privacy and security can damage relations with our property owners and managers, for instance when we remove listings which have repeatedly been reported as misleadingly described. These measures heighten the need for prompt and accurate customer service to resolve irregularities and disputes. Effective customer service requires significant personnel expense, and this expense, if not managed properly, could significantly impact our profitability. Failure to manage or train our customer service representatives properly could compromise our ability to handle property owner, manager and traveler complaints effectively. If we do not handle these complaints effectively, our reputation may suffer, and we may lose the confidence of property owners, distributors, managers and travelers. We may also be the subject of blog or forum postings that include inaccurate statements and create negative publicity. As a result of these complaints or negative publicity, property owners, distributors and managers may discontinue their listing or services with us or travelers may discontinue their use of our websites, and our business, brand and results of operations could be adversely impacted.

 

If we do not adequately protect our intellectual property, our ability to compete could be impaired.

 

Our intellectual property includes the content of our websites, registered domain names, as well as registered and unregistered trademarks. We believe that our intellectual property is an essential asset of our business and that our domain names and our technology infrastructure currently give us a competitive advantage in the online market for ALR listings. If we do not adequately protect our intellectual property, our brand, reputation and perceived content value could be harmed, resulting in an impaired ability to compete effectively.

 

To protect our intellectual property we rely on a combination of copyright, trademark, patent and trade secret laws, contractual provisions and our user policy and restrictions on disclosure. Upon discovery of potential infringement of our intellectual property, we promptly take action we deem appropriate to protect our rights. We also enter into confidentiality agreements with our employees and consultants and seek to control access to and distribution of our proprietary information in a commercially prudent manner. The efforts we have taken to protect our intellectual property may not be sufficient or effective, and, despite these precautions, it may be possible for other parties to copy or otherwise obtain and use the content of our websites without authorization. We may be unable to prevent competitors from acquiring domain names or trademarks that are similar to, infringe upon or diminish the value of our domain names, service marks and our other proprietary rights. Even if we do detect violations and decide to enforce our intellectual property rights, litigation may be necessary to enforce our rights, and any enforcement efforts we undertake could be time-consuming, expensive, distracting and result in unfavorable outcomes. A failure to protect our intellectual property in a cost-effective and meaningful manner could have a material adverse effect on our ability to compete.

 

Effective trademark, copyright and trade secret protection may not be available in every country in which our products are available over the Internet. In addition, the legal standards relating to the validity, enforceability and scope of protection of intellectual property rights are uncertain and still evolving.

 

We may be subject to claims that we violated intellectual property rights of others, which are extremely costly to defend and could require us to pay significant damages and limit our ability to operate.

 

Companies in the Internet and technology industries, and other patent and trademark holders seeking to profit from royalties in connection with grants of licenses, own large numbers of patents, copyrights, trademarks and trade secrets and frequently enter into litigation based on allegations of infringement or other violations of intellectual property rights. There may be intellectual property rights held by others, including issued or pending patents and trademarks, that cover significant aspects of our technologies, content, branding or business methods. Any intellectual property claim against us, regardless of merit, could be time-consuming and expensive to settle or litigate and could divert our management’s attention and other resources. These claims also could subject us to significant liability for damages and could result in our having to stop using technology, content, branding or business methods found to be in violation of another party’s rights. We might be required or may opt to seek a license for rights to intellectual property held by others, which may not be available on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. If we cannot license or develop technology, content, branding or business methods for any allegedly infringing aspect of our business, we may be unable to compete effectively. Even if a license is available, we could be required to pay significant royalties, which could increase our operating expenses. We may also be required to develop alternative non-infringing technology, content, branding or business methods, which could require significant effort and expense and be inferior. Any of these results could harm our operating results.

 

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We currently rely on a small number of third-party service providers to host and deliver a significant portion of our services, and any interruptions or delays in services from these third parties could impair the delivery of our services and harm our business.

 

We rely on third-party service providers for numerous products and services, including payment processing services, data center services, web hosting services, insurance products for customers and travelers and some customer service functions. We rely on these companies to provide uninterrupted services and to provide their services in accordance with all applicable laws, rules and regulations.

 

We use a combination of third-party data centers to host our websites and core services. We do not control the operation of any of the third-party data center facilities we use. These facilities may be subject to break-ins, computer viruses, denial-of-service attacks, sabotage, acts of vandalism and other misconduct. They are also vulnerable to damage or interruption from power loss, telecommunications failures, fires, floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes and similar events. We currently do not have a comprehensive disaster recovery plan in place nor do our systems provide complete redundancy of data storage or processing. As a result, the occurrence of any of these events, a decision by our third-party service providers to close their data center facilities without adequate notice or other unanticipated problems could result in loss of data as well as a significant interruption in our services and harm to our reputation and brand. Additionally, our third-party data center facility agreements are of limited durations, and our third-party data center facilities have no obligation to renew their agreements with us on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. If we are unable to renew our agreements with these facilities on commercially reasonable terms, we may experience delays in the provisioning of our services until an agreement with another data center facility can be arranged. This shift to alternate data centers could take more than 24 hours depending on the nature of the event.

 

Furthermore, we depend on continuous and uninterrupted access to the Internet through third-party bandwidth providers to operate our business. If we lose the services of one or more of our bandwidth providers for any reason or if their services are disrupted, we could experience disruption in our services or we could be required to retain the services of a replacement bandwidth provider, which could harm our business and reputation.

 

Our operations are dependent on the availability of electricity, which also comes from third-party providers. If we or the third-party data center facilities that we use to deliver our services were to experience a major power outage, it could result in disruption of our services and harm to our business.

 

If these companies experience difficulties and are not able to provide services in a reliable and secure manner, if they do not operate in compliance with applicable laws, rules and regulations and, with respect to payment and card processing companies, if they are unable to effectively combat the use of fraudulent payments on our websites, our results of operations and financial positions could be materially and adversely affected. In addition, if such third-party service providers were to cease operations or face other business disruption either temporarily or permanently, or otherwise face serious performance problems, we could suffer increased costs and delays until we find or develop an equivalent replacement, any of which could have an adverse impact on our business and financial performance.

 

Our processing, storage, use and disclosure of personal data will expose us to risks of internal or external security breaches and could give rise to liabilities as a result of governmental regulation, conflicting legal requirements or differing views of personal privacy rights.

 

The security of data when engaging in electronic commerce is essential in maintaining consumer and supplier confidence in our services. Substantial or ongoing security breaches whether instigated internally or externally on our systems or other internet based systems could significantly harm our future business. It is possible that advances in computer circumvention capabilities, new discoveries or other developments, including our own acts or omissions, could result in a compromise or breach of customer transaction data.

 

We cannot guarantee that our security measures will prevent security breaches or attacks. A party (whether internal, external, an affiliate or unrelated third party) that is able to circumvent our security systems could steal customer information or transaction data, proprietary information or cause significant interruptions in our operations. For instance, from time to time, companies have experienced “denial-of-service” type attacks that have made portions of websites slow or unavailable for periods of time. We may need to expend significant resources to protect against security breaches or to address problems caused by breaches, and reductions in website availability and response time could cause loss of substantial business volumes during the occurrence of any such incident. Security breaches could result in negative publicity, damage our reputation, expose us to risk of loss or litigation and possible liability and subject us to regulatory penalties and sanctions. Security breaches could also cause customers and potential customers to lose confidence in our security, which would have a negative effect on the value of our brand.

 

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We also face risks associated with security breaches affecting third parties conducting business over the Internet. Consumers generally are concerned with security and privacy on the Internet, and any publicized security problems could inhibit the growth of the Internet and, therefore, our services as a means of conducting commercial transactions. Additionally, security breaches at third parties such as supplier or distributor systems upon which we may rely could result in negative publicity, damage our reputation, expose us to risk of loss or litigation and possible liability and subject us to regulatory penalties and sanctions.

 

In our processing transactions, we expect to receive a large volume of personally identifiable data but, we will not store personally identifiable data. We could be adversely affected if legislation or regulations are expanded to require changes in our business practices or if governing jurisdictions interpret or implement their legislation or regulations in ways that negatively affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Our websites may encounter technical problems and service interruptions.

 

Our websites may in the future experience slower response times or interruptions as a result of increased traffic or other reasons. These delays and interruptions resulting from failure to maintain Internet service connections to our site could frustrate visitors and reduce our future web site traffic, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

If we do not successfully implement any acquisition strategies, our operating results and prospects could be harmed.

 

We face competition within our industry for acquisitions of businesses, technologies and assets, and, in the future, such competition may become more intense. As such, even if we are able to identify an acquisition that we would like to consummate, we may not be able to complete the acquisition on commercially reasonable terms or at all because of such competition. Furthermore, if we enter into negotiations that are not ultimately consummated, those negotiations could result in diversion of management time and significant out-of-pocket costs. Even if we are able to complete such acquisitions, we may additionally expend significant amounts of cash or incur substantial debt to finance them, which indebtedness could result in restrictions on our business and use of available cash. In addition, we may finance or otherwise complete acquisitions by issuing equity or convertible debt securities, which could result in dilution of our existing stockholders. If we fail to evaluate and execute acquisitions successfully, we may not be able to realize their benefits. If we are unable to successfully address any of these risks, our business, financial condition or operating results could be harmed.

 

If we fail to maintain effective internal controls, it could adversely affect our financial position and lower our stock price.

 

We are subject to reporting and other obligations under the Exchange Act, including the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. These provisions require annual management assessments of the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting. We also operate in a complex environment and expect these obligations, together with our rapid growth and expansion through acquisitions, to place significant demands on our management and administrative resources, including accounting and tax resources. If we are unable to conclude that our internal control over financial reporting is effective, our investors could lose confidence in the accuracy and completeness of our financial reports.

 

Shareholders may be diluted significantly through our efforts to obtain financing and satisfy obligations through the issuance of additional shares of our common stock.

 

Wherever possible, our Board of Directors will attempt to use non-cash consideration to satisfy obligations. In many instances, we believe that the non-cash consideration will consist of restricted shares of our common stock or where shares are to be issued to our officers, directors and applicable consultants, free trading shares pursuant to Form S-8 registration statements. Our Board of Directors has authority, without action or vote of the shareholders, to issue all or part of the authorized but unissued shares of common stock. In addition, we may attempt to raise capital by selling shares of our common stock, possibly at a discount to market. These actions will result in dilution of the ownership interests of existing shareholders, which may further dilute common stock book value, and that dilution may be material. Such issuances may also serve to enhance existing management’s ability to maintain control of the Company because the shares may be issued to parties or entities committed to supporting existing management.

 

We have significant indebtedness, which could adversely affect our business and financial condition.

 

As of February 28, 2018, the aggregate face value of our draws on a line of credit amounted to $1.193 million. Risks relating to our indebtedness include:

 

increasing our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions;

 

requiring us to dedicate a portion of our cash flow from operations to principal and interest payments on our indebtedness, thereby reducing the availability of cash flow to fund working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions and investments and other general corporate purposes;

 

making it more difficult for us to optimally capitalize and manage the cash flow for our businesses;

 

limiting our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our businesses and the markets in which we operate;

 

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possibly placing us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that have less debt; and

 

limiting our ability to borrow additional funds or to borrow funds at rates or on other terms that we find acceptable.

 

 

William Kerby (our CEO and Chairman) and Donald P. Monaco (our Director), together own approximately 29% of our voting securities which gives them significant influence over the affairs of our Company.

 

William Kerby (CEO and Chairman) and Donald P. Monaco (Director), collectively control approximately 29% of our voting securities which gives them significant voting control over our Company. In addition to the above, pursuant to a Voting Agreement entered into in August 2017, Mark A. Wilton, who holds 11.3% of our outstanding common stock agreed to vote (and provided William Kerby, our Chief Executive Officer, and any other individual who is designated by us in the future, a proxy to vote), all of the voting shares held by him, in favor of any proposals recommended by the Board of Directors of the Company. As a result of the ownership described above, Messrs. Kerby and Monaco have significant influence in matters affecting our stockholders and significant control in determining the outcome of corporate transactions or other matters, including the election of directors, mergers, consolidations, the sale of all or substantially all of our assets, and also the power to prevent or cause a change in control.

 

Because we are a small company, the requirements of being a public company, including compliance with the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act and the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the Dodd-Frank Act, may strain our resources, increase our costs and distract management, and we may be unable to comply with these requirements in a timely or cost-effective manner.

 

As a public company with listed equity securities, we must comply with the federal securities laws, rules and regulations, including certain corporate governance provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the Dodd-Frank Act, related rules and regulations of the SEC, with which a private company is not required to comply. Complying with these laws, rules and regulations will occupy a significant amount of time of our directors and management and will significantly increase our costs and expenses, which we cannot estimate accurately at this time. Among other things, we must:

 

establish and maintain a system of internal control over financial reporting in compliance with the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the related rules and regulations of the SEC and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board;

 

prepare and distribute periodic public reports in compliance with our obligations under the federal securities laws;

 

maintain various internal compliance and disclosures policies, such as those relating to disclosure controls and procedures and insider trading in our common stock;

 

involve and retain to a greater degree outside counsel and accountants in the above activities;

 

maintain a comprehensive internal audit function; and

 

maintain an investor relations function.

 

In addition, being a public company subject to these rules and regulations may require us to accept less director and officer liability insurance coverage than we desire or to incur substantial costs to obtain coverage. These factors could also make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified members of our Board of Directors.

 

 

Risks Related to the Ownership of our Common Stock

 

Nevada law and our Articles of Incorporation authorize us to issue shares of stock, which shares may cause substantial dilution to our existing stockholders.

 

We have authorized capital stock consisting of 500,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.00001 par value per share and 100,000,000 shares of preferred stock, $0.00001 par value per share. As of the date of this report, we have 8,152,656 shares of common stock issued and outstanding and no shares of preferred stock issued and outstanding. As a result, our Board of Directors has the ability to issue a large number of additional shares of common stock and/or to affect a reverse stock split, without stockholder approval, and if additional shares are issued, it could cause substantial dilution to our then stockholders. Additionally, shares of preferred stock may be issued by our Board of Directors without stockholder approval with voting powers, and such preferences and relative, participating, optional or other special rights and powers as determined by our Board of Directors, which may be greater than the shares of common stock currently outstanding. As a result, shares of preferred stock may be issued by our Board of Directors which cause the holders to have super majority voting power over our shares, provide the holders of the preferred stock the right to convert the shares of preferred stock they hold into shares of our common stock, which may cause substantial dilution to our then common stock stockholders and/or have other rights and preferences greater than those of our common stock stockholders. Investors should keep in mind that the Board of Directors has the authority to issue additional shares of common stock and preferred stock, which could cause substantial dilution to our existing stockholders. Additionally, the dilutive effect of any preferred stock, which we may issue may be exacerbated given the fact that such preferred stock may have super majority voting rights and/or other rights or preferences which could provide the preferred stockholders with voting control over us subsequent to this offering and/or give those holders the power to prevent or cause a change in control. As a result, the issuance of shares of common stock and/or preferred stock may cause the value of our securities to decrease and/or become worthless.

 

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Our outstanding warrants may adversely affect the trading price of our common stock.

 

As of the date of this report, there were (i) outstanding warrants to purchase 971,941 shares of common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $5.29 per share. For the life of the warrants, the holders have the opportunity to profit from a rise in the market price of our common stock without assuming the risk of ownership. The issuance of shares upon the exercise of outstanding securities will also dilute the ownership interests of our existing stockholders.

 

The availability of these shares for public resale, as well as any actual resales of these shares, could adversely affect the trading price of our common stock. We cannot predict the size of future issuances of our common stock pursuant to the exercise of outstanding options or warrants or conversion of other securities, or the effect, if any, that future issuances and sales of shares of our common stock may have on the market price of our common stock. Sales or distributions of substantial amounts of our common stock (including shares issued in connection with an acquisition), or the perception that such sales could occur, may cause the market price of our common stock to decline.

 

Our stock price may be volatile.

 

The market price of our common stock is likely to be volatile and could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to, among other things, the risk factors described in this section of this Annual Report, and other factors beyond our control. Factors affecting the trading price of our common stock could include:

 

variations in our operating results;

 

variations in operating results of similar companies and competitors;

 

changes in the estimates of our operating results or changes in recommendations by any securities analysts that elect to follow our common stock;

 

changes in our outlook for future operating results which are communicated to investors and analysts;

 

announcements of technological innovations, new products, services or service enhancements, strategic alliances or agreements by us or by our competitors;

 

marketing and advertising initiatives by us or our competitors;

 

the increase or decrease of listings;

 

threatened or actual litigation;

 

changes in our management;

 

recruitment or departures of key personnel;

 

market conditions in our industry, the travel industry and the economy as a whole;

 

the overall performance of the equity markets;

 

sales of shares of our common stock by existing stockholders;

 

the reports of industry research analysts who cover our competitors and us;

 

stock-based compensation expense under applicable accounting standards; and

 

adoption or modification of regulations, policies, procedures or programs applicable to our business.

 

Furthermore, the stock markets have experienced price and volume fluctuations that have affected and continue to affect the market prices of equity securities of many companies. These fluctuations often have been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. These broad market and industry fluctuations and general economic, political and market conditions, such as recessions, interest rate changes or international currency fluctuations, may negatively affect the market price of our common stock regardless of our actual operating performance. Each of these factors, among others, could harm the value of our common stock.

 

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In the past, many companies that have experienced volatility in the market price of their stock have been subject to securities class action litigation; we are currently the target of this type of litigation. Securities litigation against us, regardless of the merits or outcome, could result in substantial costs and divert our management’s attention from other business concerns, which could materially harm our business.

 

If securities analysts and other industry experts do not publish research or publish negative research about our business, our stock price and trading volume could decline.

 

The trading market for our common stock depends in part on the research, reports and other media that securities analysts and other industry experts publish about us or our business. If security analysts don’t cover our stock, downgrade our stock or publish negative research about our business, our stock price could decline. If analysts do not cover us in the future, cease coverage of our company or fail to publish reports on us regularly, we could lose visibility in the stock market and demand for our stock could decrease, which could cause our stock price or trading volume to decline. If one or more industry analysts publish negative statements about our business, our stock price could decline.

 

Failure to adequately manage our growth may seriously harm our business.

 

We plan to grow our business as rapidly as possible. If we do not effectively manage our growth, the quality of our services may suffer, which could negatively affect our reputation and demand for our services. Our growth may place a significant strain on our managerial, administrative, operational, and financial resources and our infrastructure. Our future success will depend, in part, upon the ability of our senior management to manage growth effectively. This will require us to, among other things:

 

implement additional management information systems;

 

further develop our operating, administrative, legal, financial, and accounting systems and controls;

 

hire additional personnel;

 

develop additional levels of management within our company;

 

locate additional office space;

 

maintain close coordination among our engineering, operations, legal, finance, sales and marketing, and client service and support organizations; and

 

manage our expanding international operations.

 

As a result, we may lack the resources to deploy our services on a timely and cost-effective basis. Failure to accomplish any of these requirements could impair our ability to deliver services in a timely fashion or attract and retain new customers.

 

We do not anticipate paying any dividends on our common stock.

 

We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. If we do not pay cash dividends, our stockholders could receive a return on their investment in our common stock only if the market price of our common stock has increased when they sell their shares.

 

Our incorporation documents and Nevada law may inhibit a takeover that stockholders consider favorable and could also limit the market price of our common stock, which may inhibit an attempt by our stockholders to change our direction or management.

 

Nevada law and our articles of incorporation contain provisions that could delay or prevent a change in control of our Company. Some of these provisions include the following:

 

authorize our board of directors to determine the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions granted to, or imposed upon, the preferred stock and to fix the number of shares constituting any series and the designation of such series without further action by our stockholders; and

 

Prohibit cumulative voting in the election of directors, which would otherwise allow less than a majority of stockholders to elect director candidates.

 

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These and other provisions in our articles of incorporation, as amended, and under Nevada law could reduce the price that investors might be willing to pay for shares of our common stock in the future and result in the market price being lower than it would be without these provisions. Furthermore, these provisions may inhibit an attempt by our stockholders to change our direction or management.

 

We adopted provisions in our amended and restated articles of incorporation limiting the liability of management to stockholders.

 

We have adopted provisions, and will maintain provisions, to our amended and restated articles of incorporation that limit the liability of our directors, and provide for indemnification by us of our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by Nevada law. Our amended and restated articles of incorporation and Nevada law provide that directors have no personal liability to third parties for monetary damages for actions taken as a director, except for breach of duty of loyalty, acts or omissions not in good faith involving intentional misconduct or knowing violation of law, unlawful payment of dividends or unlawful stock repurchases, or transactions from which the director derived improper personal benefit. Such provisions limit the stockholders’ ability to hold directors liable for breaches of fiduciary duty and reduce the likelihood of derivative litigation against directors and officers.

 

Our Common Stock may be delisted from the Nasdaq Capital Market if we cannot satisfy Nasdaq’s continued listing requirements.

 

Among the conditions required for continued listing on the Nasdaq Capital Market, Nasdaq requires us to maintain at least $2.5 million in stockholders’ equity or $500,000 in net income over the prior two years or two of the prior three years, to have a majority of independent directors, and to maintain a stock price over $1.00 per share. As of the date of this report, our stockholders’ equity is not above Nasdaq’s $2.5 million minimum. Additionally, moving forward, we may not generate over $500,000 of yearly net, we may not be able to maintain independent directors, and we may not be able to maintain a stock price over $1.00 per share. If we fail to timely comply with the applicable requirements, and/or to timely cure the deficiency in our stockholders’ equity, our stock may be delisted. In addition, even if we demonstrate compliance with the requirements above, we will have to continue to meet other objective and subjective listing requirements to continue to be listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market. Delisting from the Nasdaq Capital Market could make trading our common stock more difficult for investors, potentially leading to declines in our share price and liquidity. Without a Nasdaq Capital Market listing, stockholders may have a difficult time getting a quote for the sale or purchase of our stock, the sale or purchase of our stock would likely be made more difficult and the trading volume and liquidity of our stock could decline. Delisting from the Nasdaq Capital Market could also result in negative publicity and could also make it more difficult for us to raise additional capital. The absence of such a listing may adversely affect the acceptance of our common stock as currency or the value accorded by other parties. Further, if we are delisted, we would also incur additional costs under state blue sky laws in connection with any sales of our securities. These requirements could severely limit the market liquidity of our common stock and the ability of our stockholders to sell our common stock in the secondary market. If our common stock is delisted by Nasdaq, our common stock may be eligible to trade on an over-the-counter quotation system, such as the OTCQB market, where an investor may find it more difficult to sell our stock or obtain accurate quotations as to the market value of our common stock. In the event our common stock is delisted from the Nasdaq Capital Market, we may not be able to list our common stock on another national securities exchange or obtain quotation on an over-the counter quotation system.

 

If we are delisted from the Nasdaq Capital Market, your ability to sell your shares of our common stock could also be limited by the penny stock restrictions, which could further limit the marketability of your shares.

 

If our common stock is delisted, it could come within the definition of “penny stock” as defined in the Exchange Act and would then be covered by Rule 15g-9 of the Exchange Act. That Rule imposes additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers who sell securities to persons other than established customers and accredited investors. For transactions covered by Rule 15g-9, the broker-dealer must make a special suitability determination for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction prior to the sale. Consequently, Rule 15g-9, if it were to become applicable, would affect the ability or willingness of broker-dealers to sell our securities, and accordingly would affect the ability of stockholders to sell their securities in the public market. These additional procedures could also limit our ability to raise additional capital in the future.

 

Due to the fact that our common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market, we are subject to financial and other reporting and corporate governance requirements which increase our costs and expenses.

 

We are currently required to file annual and quarterly information and other reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission that are specified in Sections 13 and 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Additionally, due to the fact that our common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market, we are also subject to the requirements to maintain independent directors, comply with other corporate governance requirements and are required to pay annual listing and stock issuance fees. These obligations require a commitment of additional resources including, but not limited, to additional expenses, and may result in the diversion of our senior management’s time and attention from our day-to-day operations. These obligations increase our expenses and may make it more complicated or time consuming for us to undertake certain corporate actions due to the fact that we may require Nasdaq approval for such transactions and/or Nasdaq rules may require us to obtain shareholder approval for such transactions.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

Not applicable.

 

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Item 2. Properties

 

The Company leases its office space and certain office equipment under non-cancellable operating leases. Our executive, administrative and operating offices are primarily located in Weston, Florida where we leased approximately 2,500 square feet of office space at 2690 Weston Road, Suite 200, Weston, Florida 33331. In accordance with the terms of the office space lease agreement, the Company was renting the commercial office space, for a term of three years from January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2018. Monthly rental costs for calendar years 2016, 2017 and 2018 are $6,500, $6,695 and $6,896, respectively per month. The rent for the years ended February 28, 2018 and February 28, 2017 was $79,864 and $79,665, respectively.

 

The office lease described above terminated early on March 31, 2018, at the request of the landlord, without penalties to the Company. The Company entered into a new contract for new office space encompassing approximately 2,500 square feet at 2893 Executive Park Drive Suite 201, Weston, Florida 33331. The lease has a term of three years from April 15, 2018 through April 14, 2021. Monthly rental costs for the periods ending April 14, 2019, 2020 and 2021 are $6,243, $6,492 and $6,781, respectively.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

 

The Company is involved, from time to time, in litigation, other legal claims and proceedings involving matters associated with or incidental to our business, including, among other things, matters involving breach of contract claims, intellectual property, employment issues, and other related claims and vendor matters. The Company believes that the resolution of currently pending matters will not individually or in the aggregate have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations. However, assessment of the current litigation or other legal claims could change in light of the discovery of facts not presently known to the Company or by judges, juries or other finders of fact, which are not in accord with management’s evaluation of the possible liability or outcome of such litigation or claims.

 

On March 28, 2016, the Company was presented with a Demand for Arbitration, pursuant to Rule 4(a) of the American Arbitration Association Commercial Rules of Arbitration, whereby Acknew Investments, Inc. and Vice Regal Developments Inc. (Claimants) are arguing that $700,000 is due to them, even though they have already been paid said amounts through preferred shares that were issued as a guarantee and which Claimants converted into shares of common stock. In connection with the purchase of the stock of the entity that eventually became RealBiz Media Group, Inc., the Company issued 380,000 shares of Monaker Series D Preferred Stock shares with a value of $1,900,000, which was considered the $1,200,000 value of the stock portion of the purchase price, and was also meant to guaranty the payment of the balance of $700,000. The Company contends that the obligation to pay the $700,000 was extinguished with the conversion of the Monaker Series D Preferred Stock shares into shares of common stock. The date for arbitration has not been set and the Company will vehemently defend its position.

 

On June 2, 2016, the Company paid an arbitration award of $81,572 ($73,959 plus interest of $7,613) to Twelfth Child Entertainment, LLC for a License Agreement settlement for rights to air programs regarding “Foreclosure to Fabulous” television programming on the Company’s previously owned media business that was sold on January 21, 2016. The Company absorbed this settlement as part of its partnership commitment with Launch Media 360 which is an investment of the Company.

 

Litigation related to RealBiz Media Group, Inc. (“RealBiz”)

 

Case Number 1:16-cv-61017-FAM

 

On May 11, 2016, RealBiz filed a Complaint against us in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida (the “Complaint”). The Complaint alleges $1,287,517 is due from us to RealBiz, and seeks the recovery of such amount, plus pre-judgment interest from October 31, 2015 and costs. The Complaint alleged causes of action including ‘account stated’ and ‘unjust enrichment’.

 

On May 19, 2016, we filed an Answer and Counterclaim to the Complaint (the “Counterclaim”) denying RealBiz’s allegations and claims and pleading affirmative defenses including ‘failure to state a claim for which relief can be granted’, ‘set-off’ rights (including that if there was any amount owed, RealBiz’s obligation to us far exceeded the $1.3 million amount that RealBiz alleged was due to it), ‘mistake or error’, ‘unclean hands’, ‘waiver’, ‘release’, ‘breach of contract’ (we alleged there was an oral agreement that all intercompany balances would be written–off) and ‘rescission of letter addressing partial balance due’ (confirming that a letter upon which RealBiz’s case was predicated was rescinded shortly after its issuance and was of no force or effect). The Counterclaim against RealBiz alleged causes of action including ‘unjust enrichment’ (we alleged that the net amount due to us from RealBiz was in excess of $10 million dollars if there is no oral agreement), ‘money had and received’, and ‘breach of contract’ (we alleged there was an oral agreement that all intercompany balances would be written–off), and sought recovery of all actual damages, consequential damages and incidental damages, if any, including but not limited to attorney’s fees and costs, plus-prejudgment and post-judgment interest.

 

On December 22, 2017, we entered into a Settlement Agreement with RealBiz, NestBuilder and AST for the dismissal with prejudice of this lawsuit (as discussed below).

 

Case No.: CACE-16-019818

 

On October 27, 2016, the Company filed a Complaint (Monaker Group, Inc., f/k/a Next 1 Interactive, Inc. v. RealBiz Media Group, Inc., f/k/a Webdigs, Inc. and American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC (“AST”)) for damages and injunctive relief from the defendant’s unreasonable delay and/or refusal to register the transfer of certain securities. We instructed RealBiz to transfer our preferred or common stock in RealBiz to certain of our shareholders on several occasions, however, the defendant’s wrongfully refused to register the transfers in violation of the Delaware Code and the terms of RealBiz’s preferred and common stock.

 

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On December 22, 2017, we entered into a Settlement Agreement with RealBiz, NestBuilder and AST for the dismissal with prejudice of this lawsuit (as discussed below).

 

Case No.: 16-24978-CIV-GRAHAM

 

On November 16, 2016, RealBiz cancelled the 44,470,101 Series A preferred shares and 10,359,892 common shares which were held by the Company in RealBiz in connection with an alleged over issuance of common shares relating to the conversion of Monaker’s dual convertible preferred shares.

 

On November 30, 2016, the Company filed a Complaint (Monaker Group, Inc., f/k/a Next 1 Interactive, Inc. v. RealBiz Media Group, Inc., f/k/a Webdigs, Inc. and American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC) for damages and injunctive and declaratory relief, arising from RealBiz’s declared cancellation, retirement, and/or termination of certain securities. RealBiz notified Monaker of its intent to unilaterally cancel, retire, and/or terminate its preferred and common stock held by Monaker. RealBiz’s announced cancellation, retirement, and termination was without Monaker’s consent, and done in violation of Delaware law, federal law and the terms of RealBiz’s preferred and common stock.

 

The Company sought to reverse all actions taken by RealBiz that adversely and materially affected its rights under the Company’s preferred stock in RealBiz subsequent to the termination and cancellation of our stock or in the alternative to obtain damages for terminating and cancelling our stock.

 

On December 22, 2017, we entered into a Settlement Agreement with RealBiz, NestBuilder and AST for the dismissal with prejudice of this lawsuit (as discussed below).

 

Case No.: 0:16-cv-62902-WJZ

 

A class action lawsuit has been filed against us, William Kerby, our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman, Donald Monaco, our director, and D’Arelli Pruzansky, P.A., our former auditor, in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida on behalf of persons who purchased our common stock and exercised options between April 6, 2012 and June 23, 2016 (the “Class Period”). The case, McLeod v. Monaker Group, Inc. et al, was filed on December 9, 2016. The lawsuit focuses on whether the Company and its executives violated federal securities laws and whether the Company’s former auditor was negligent and makes allegations regarding the activities of certain Company executives. The lawsuit alleges and estimates total shareholders losses totaling approximately $20,000,000. The lawsuit stems from the Company’s announcement in June 2016 that it would have to restate its financial statements due to issues related to the Company’s investment in RealBiz. On February 16, 2017, we filed a Motion to Dismiss the lawsuit and on March 3, 2017, the Court entered an order staying discovery and all other proceedings pending resolution of the Motion to Dismiss. On March 30, 2017, we filed a Reply memorandum in support of our Motion to Dismiss. On January 24, 2018, the Court granted our Motion to Dismiss and dismissed Plaintiff’s complaint and gave Plaintiff leave to file an amended complaint. On February 23, 2018, Mcleod, joined by new plaintiff, Ronald Mims, filed an Amended Complaint with the same allegations of security fraud as alleged in the original complaint. On March 29, 2018, we filed a Motion to Dismiss Plaintiffs’ Amended Complaint. We believe the claims asserted in the lawsuit are without merit and intend to vigorously defend ourselves against the claims made in the lawsuit. The Company has no basis for determining whether there is any likelihood of material loss associated with the claims and/or the potential and/or the outcome of the litigation.

 

Case No.: C.A 2017-0189

 

On March 14, 2017, we filed a lawsuit against RealBiz pursuant to Section 220 of Delaware General Corporation Law, in The Court of Chancery of The State of Delaware seeking relief in the form of an order compelling RealBiz to make available to Monaker, for inspection and copying, certain corporate books and records as demanded by Monaker in a February 27, 2017 letter (the “Demand”). In addition to our statutory right to inspection under Section 220, we have contractual rights to access books and records as outlined in the documents governing our investment in RealBiz. Monaker’s purpose in making the Demand was, among other things, to: (1) determine the status of its investment and interest in RealBiz; (2) determine the appropriateness of certain actions recently announced by RealBiz; (3) investigate suspected wrongdoing by certain officers and directors of RealBiz; and (4) determine whether the RealBiz’s directors advanced their personal interests at the expense of Monaker and other investors. RealBiz declined to produce the requested books and records despite the Demand and communications between the parties’ counsels, filed a motion to dismiss taking the position that the Company was no longer a shareholder of RealBiz, and insisted instead that Monaker serve a second request for production in a separate action, Monaker Group, Inc. v. RealBiz Media Group, Inc., No. 1:16-cv-24978-DLG (the “Florida Action”).

 

On December 22, 2017, we entered into a Settlement Agreement with RealBiz, NestBuilder and AST for the dismissal with prejudice of this lawsuit (as discussed below).

 

Case No.: 2017-0351

 

On May 8, 2017, we filed a lawsuit in The Court of Chancery of The State of Delaware against Alex Aliksanyan, Thomas Grbelja, Keith White, Warren Kettlewell, Anshu Bhatnagar (collectively, the “Director Defendants”, each former directors of non-party RealBiz) and AST. The action against the Director Defendants was for damages for breaching their fiduciary duties to Monaker and the action against AST was for aiding and abetting those breaches. The suit alleged that the Director Defendants acted in concert to dilute and terminate Monaker’s ownership interest in and control of RealBiz to enrich themselves. The suit also alleged that the Director Defendants entered into self-serving agreements, issued securities below the stated value of the preferred stock as well as the sale of common stock at a substantial discount to the market value and improperly terminated and cancelled Monaker’s preferred and common stock in RealBiz. Finally, the suit alleged that AST aided and abetted the Defendants Directors in converting and eliminating Monaker’s beneficial ownership in RealBiz securities.

 

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On December 22, 2017, we entered into a Settlement Agreement with RealBiz, NestBuilder and AST for the dismissal with prejudice of the following lawsuits: Case Number 1:16-cv-61017-FAM; Case No.: CACE-16-019818; Case No.: 16-24978-CIV-GRAHAM; Case No.: C.A 2017-0189; Case No.: 2017-0351 and Case No.: 2017-0189-JRS. As part of the Settlement Agreement, Monaker agreed to pay NestBuilder $100,000 and to issue 20,000 shares of Monaker’s restricted common stock to person(s) to be designated by NestBuilder; RealBiz reinstated to Monaker 44,470,101 shares of RealBiz Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and ratified all rights under the Certificate of Designation as reformed and amended (to provide for a conversion ratio of 1 share of RealBiz common stock for each 1 share of RealBiz Series A preferred stock) and remove any dividend obligations. The RealBiz designation was also amended to provide us with anti-dilution protection below $0.05 per share. The agreement further provided for each party to dismiss the above referenced lawsuits with prejudice and for general releases from each party.

 

The Company is unable to determine the estimate of the probable or reasonable possible loss or range of losses arising from the above unsettled and dismissed legal proceedings.

 

Contractual Settlement

 

In May 2017, we entered into a settlement with a financial advisory firm who was engaged to raise capital per an agreement signed in October 2016. Based upon the firms inability to meet any of the agreed upon milestones, the firm agreed to return all the consideration paid for the services. The Company recorded a $450,943 credit to stock compensation in May 2017 as a result of the settlement.

 

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Market Information

 

Our common stock currently trades on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the ticker symbol “MKGI”. Prior to March 12, 2018, our common stock traded on the OTCQB market under the same symbol. Our fiscal year end is February 28 or 29 depending on the year. The following table sets forth the high and low trading price (restated to post reverse split of 1:2.5) of our common stock for each quarter during the past two (2) fiscal years:

 

Period   High     Low  
  Price     Price  
Fiscal Year Ended February 28, 2017                
First Quarter       9.625     $      3.325  
Second Quarter   $     10.875     $      4.275  
Third Quarter       9.500     $      5.275  
Fourth Quarter   $      7.000     $      4.875  

 

Fiscal Year Ended February 28, 2018                
First Quarter       8.125     $      4.500  
Second Quarter   $     7.125     $      4.375  
Third Quarter       7.950     $      4.225  
Fourth Quarter   $      6.750     $      4.350  

 

These quotations reflect interdealer prices, without retail markup, markdown, or commission and may not represent actual transactions.

 

Holders

 

On June 11, 2018, there were approximately 500 holders of record of our common stock. Because many of our shares of common stock are held by brokers and other institutions on behalf of stockholders, this number of record stockholders is not indicative of the total number of stockholders of the Company when including securities beneficially owned.

 

Dividend Policy

 

We have neither declared nor paid cash dividends on our common stock and do not expect to pay dividends on our common stock for the foreseeable future. We anticipate all of our earnings will be used for the operation and growth of our business. Any future determination to pay dividends on our common stock would be subject to the discretion of our board of directors and would depend upon various factors, including our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity requirements, restrictions that may be imposed by applicable law and our contracts, and other factors deemed relevant by our board of directors.

 

Equity Compensation Plan

 

On August 25, 2017, the Board of Directors adopted, subject to the ratification by the majority stockholders, which occurred effective on September 13, 2017, the Company’s 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Plan”). The Plan is intended to secure for the Company the benefits arising from ownership of the Company’s common stock by the employees, officers, directors and consultants of the Company, all of whom are and will be responsible for the Company’s future growth. The Plan is designed to help attract and retain for the Company, qualified personnel for positions of exceptional responsibility, to reward employees, officers, directors and consultants for their services to the Company and to motivate such individuals through added incentives to further contribute to the success of the Company.

 

The Plan provides an opportunity for any employee, officer, director or consultant of the Company, subject to any limitations provided by federal or state securities laws, to receive (i) incentive stock options (to eligible employees only); (ii) nonqualified stock options; (iii) restricted stock; (iv) stock awards; (v) shares in performance of services; or (vi) any combination of the foregoing. Incentive stock options granted under the Plan are intended to qualify as “incentive stock options” within the meaning of Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). Nonqualified (non-statutory stock options) granted under the Plan are not intended to qualify as incentive stock options under the Code.

 

No incentive stock option may be granted under the Plan to any person who, at the time of the grant, owns (or is deemed to own) stock possessing more than 10% of the total combined voting power of our Company or any affiliate of our Company, unless the exercise price is at least 110% of the fair market value of the stock subject to the option on the date of grant and the term of the option does not exceed five years from the date of grant.

 

The Plan is administered by the Board of Directors of the Company and/or the Company’s Compensation Committee. Subject to adjustment in connection with the payment of a stock dividend, a stock split or subdivision or combination of the shares of common stock, or a reorganization or reclassification of the Company’s common stock, the maximum aggregate number of shares of common stock which may be issued pursuant to awards under the Plan is 500,000 shares. Such shares of common stock shall be made available from the authorized and unissued shares of the Company.

 

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Transfer Agent

 

Our stock transfer agent is American Stock Transfer Co. (“AST”), 6201 15th Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11219. AST’s telephone number in the U.S. is (718) 921-8124 and their internet address is www.amstock.com.

 

 EQUITY COMPENSATION PLAN INFORMATION

 

Plan category   

Number of securities to be issued

upon exercise of outstanding

options, warrants and rights as of

February 28, 2018

    Weighted-average
exercise price of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
    Number of securities remaining
available for future issuance
under equity compensation
plans (excluding securities
reflected in column (a))
 
     (a)     (b)     (c)  
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders    591,541     $ 5.60     1,408,459  
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders        $     
Total    591,541    $5.60    1,408,459 

 

Description of Capital Stock

 

Common Stock

 

On October 28, 2011, the Board and the holders of a majority of the voting power of our shareholders approved an amendment to our Articles of Incorporation to increase our authorized shares of common stock from 200,000,000 to 500,000,000. On February 13, 2012, the Board and the holders of a majority of the voting power of our shareholders approved an amendment to our Articles of Incorporation to increase our authorized shares of common stock from 500,000,000 to 2,500,000,000. The increases in our authorized shares of common stock became effective upon the filing of the amendments to our Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada.

 

On May 2, 2012, the Board approved an amendment to our Articles of Incorporation to (i) effect a 1-for-500 reverse split of the Company’s outstanding common stock and (ii) reduce the number of authorized shares from 2,500,000,000 to 5,000,000. Such actions became effective upon the filing of the amendment to our Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada. The consolidated financial statements have been retroactively adjusted to reflect this reverse stock split.

 

On June 26, 2012, the Board and the holders of a majority of the voting power of our shareholders approved an amendment to our Articles of

Incorporation to increase our authorized shares of common stock from 5,000,000 shares to 500,000,000 shares.

 

On June 25, 2015, the Board approved an amendment to our Articles of Incorporation to (i) effect a 1-for-50 reverse split of the Company’s outstanding common stock and (ii) change the name of the Company from Next 1 Interactive, Inc. to Monaker Group, Inc. Such actions became effective upon the filing of the amendment to our Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada. The unaudited consolidated financial statements have been retroactively adjusted to reflect this reverse stock split.

 

On February 6, 2018, the Board of Directors of the Company, approved a 1-for-2.5 reverse stock split of the Company’s outstanding common stock (the “Reverse Split”). The Company’s majority stockholders, effective on September 13, 2017, via a written consent to action without a meeting, provided the Board of Directors authority to affect a reverse stock split of the Company’s outstanding common stock in a ratio of between one-for-one and one-for-four, in their sole discretion, without further stockholder approval, by amending the Company’s Articles of Incorporation, at any time prior to the earlier of (a) September 13, 2018; and (b) the date of the Company’s 2018 annual meeting of stockholders (the “Stockholder Authority”). The Reverse Split was affected and approved by the Board of Directors pursuant to the Stockholder Authority. Effective on February 8, 2018, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to the Company’s Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of Nevada to effect the 1-for-2.5 Reverse Split of all of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock, anticipated to be effective on Monday, February 12, 2018.

 

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Preferred stock

 

The aggregate number of shares of preferred stock that the Company is authorized to issue is up to One Hundred Million (100,000,000), with a par value of $0.00001 per share (the “Preferred Stock”) with the exception of Series A Preferred Stock shares having a $0.01 par value per share. The Preferred Stock may be divided into and issued in series. The Board of Directors of the Company is authorized to divide the authorized shares of Preferred Stock into one or more series, each of which shall be so designated as to distinguish the shares thereof from the shares of all other series and classes. The Board of Directors of the Company is authorized, within any limitations prescribed by law and the articles of incorporation, to fix and determine the designations, rights, qualifications, preferences, limitations and terms of the shares of any series of Preferred Stock.

 

On August 26, 2016, we converted all of our then outstanding Series B (110,200 shares), Series C (13,100 shares) and Series D (110,156 shares) Preferred Stock, into an aggregate of 444,712 shares of our common stock, pursuant to certain special conversion terms offered in connection therewith and the mandatory conversion terms thereof.

 

On September 22, 2017, we filed Certificate of Withdrawal of Certificate of Designations relating to our Series B, Series C and Series D Preferred Stock and terminated the designation of our Series B, Series C and Series D Preferred Stock. The designations previously included (a) 3,000,000 shares of preferred stock designated as Non-Voting Series B 10% Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock; (b) 3,000,000 shares of preferred stock designated as Non-Voting Series C 10% Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock; and (c) 3,000,000 shares of preferred stock designated as Non-Voting Series D 10% Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock. The Certificate of Withdrawal of Certificate of Designations did not affect the Company’s previously designated shares of Series A 10% Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

All Preferred Stock Series B, C and D shares have been retired. The Preferred Stock Series A have also been retired and there are no outstanding Preferred Stock Series A shares.

 

Series A Preferred Stock

 

The Company has authorized and designated 3,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock as Series A 10% Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock, par value

$0.01 per share (the “Series A Preferred Stock”). The holders of record of shares of Series A Preferred Stock shall be entitled to vote on all matters submitted to a vote of the shareholders of the Company and shall be entitled to one hundred (100) votes for each share of Series A Preferred Stock.

 

Per the terms of the Amended and Restated Certificate of Designations relating to the Series A Preferred Stock, subject to the availability of authorized and unissued shares of Series A Preferred Stock, the holders of Series A Preferred Stock may, by written notice to the Company:

 

elect to convert all or any part of such holder’s shares of Series A Preferred Stock into common stock at a conversion rate of the lower of:

          ○    (a) $62.50 per share; or

          ○    (b) at the lowest price the Company has issued stock as part of a financing.

convert all or part of such holder’s shares (excluding any shares issued pursuant to conversion of unpaid dividends) into debt obligations of the Company, secured by a security interest in all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, at a rate of $62.50 of debt for each share of Series A Preferred Stock.

 

On July 9, 2013, the Company amended the Certificate of Designations for the Company’s Series A Preferred Stock to allow for conversion into Series

C Preferred stock to grant to a holder of the Series A Preferred Stock the option to:

 

elect to convert all or any part of such holder’s shares of Series A Preferred Stock into shares of the Company’s Series C Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.00001 per share (“Series C Preferred Stock”), at a conversion rate of five (5) shares of Series A Preferred Stock for every one (1) share of Series C Preferred Stock; or to allow conversion into common stock at the lowest price the Company has issued stock as part of a financing to include all financing such as new debt and equity financing and stock issuances as well as existing debt conversions into stock.

 

On February 28, 2014, the Company’s Series A Preferred Stock shareholders agreed to authorize a change to the Certificate of Designations of the Series A Preferred Stock in Nevada to lock the conversion price to the lower of (a) a fixed price of $1.25 per share; and (b) the lowest price the Company has issued stock as part of a financing after January 1, 2006.

 

On July 31, 2017, the Company entered into a Common Stock and Warrant Purchase Agreement, with certain accredited investors. A required term of the Common Stock and Warrant Purchase Agreement was that William Kerby, our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman and Donald P. Monaco, our Director, on behalf of themselves and the entities which they control, convert the 1,869,611 shares of Series A 10% Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock beneficially owned by them (representing all of our then outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock) into 1,495,689 shares of common stock of the Company, which conversions were effective July 28, 2017. Dividends in arrears on the outstanding Series A Preferred Stock shares totaled $1,102,066 and $1,025,233 as of February 28, 2018 and February 28, 2017, respectively. These dividends will only be payable when and if declared by the Board.

 

The Company had 0 and 1,869,611 shares of Series A Preferred Stock issued and outstanding as of February 28, 2018 and February 28, 2017.

 

In the event of any liquidation, dissolution or winding up of this Company, either voluntary or involuntary (any of the foregoing, a “liquidation”), holders of Series A Preferred Stock shall be entitled to receive, prior and in preference to any distribution of any of the assets of this Company to the holders of the common Stock or any other series of Preferred Stock by reason of their ownership thereof an amount per share equal to $1.00 for each share (as adjusted for any stock dividends, combinations or splits with respect to such shares) of Series A Preferred Stock held by each such holder, plus the amount of accrued and unpaid dividends thereon (whether or not declared) from the beginning of the dividend period in which the liquidation occurred to the date of liquidation.

 

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Share Repurchase Transactions

 

During the years ended February 28, 2018 and February 28, 2017, there were no repurchases of the Company’s common stock by the Company.

 

Recent Issuances of Unregistered Securities

 

During the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ended February 28, 2018 and through the date of this filing, we have issued the following securities which were not registered under the Securities Act:

 

Settlement Agreement

On or around December 22, 2017, we entered into a Settlement Agreement with RealBiz Media Group, Inc., our former consolidated subsidiary and NestBuilder.com Corp. As part of the Settlement Agreement, we agreed to pay NestBuilder $100,000 and to issue a total of 8,000 shares of our restricted common stock; 5,200 restricted common shares to NestBuilder valued at $27,820 and 2,800 restricted common shares to Brian N Torres, PA valued at $14,980 as designated by NestBuilder; RealBiz agreed to reinstate to us 44,470,101 shares of RealBiz Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and ratify all rights under the Certificate of Designation as reformed and amended of the RealBiz Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (e.g., to provide for a conversion ratio of 1 share of RealBiz common stock for each 1 share of RealBiz Series A Convertible Preferred Stock converted from time to time) and remove any dividend obligations. The RealBiz designation of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock was also amended to provide us with anti-dilution protection below $0.05 per share. The agreement further provided for each party to dismiss certain lawsuits which were pending between the parties with prejudice and for general releases from each party.

 

Consulting

On December 11, 2017, we issued 800 shares of restricted common stock, valued at $5,000, as payment for services rendered.

 

Warrant Exercise/Anti-Dilution

On December 12, 2017, we received $105,000 from Monaco Investment Partners II, LP, whose managing general partner is Donald Monaco, a director of the Company, and issued 21,000 shares of restricted common stock in connection with the exercise of a warrant which had an exercise price of $5.00 per share.
On January 10, 2018, we received $1,203,563 from Pacific Grove Capital LP, a greater than 10% shareholder of the Company, and issued 458,500 shares of restricted common stock in connection with a First Amendment to Warrant. Pursuant to the First Amendment to Warrant Agreement, Pacific exercised warrants to purchase 350,000 shares of common stock at a reduced exercise price of $2.625 per share. Additionally, Pacific exercised penalty warrants to purchase 108,500 shares of common stock at a reduced exercise price of $2.625 per share.
As a result of the reduction in the exercise price of the Pacific warrants which was agreed to pursuant to the First Amendment to Warrant, the anti-dilution provisions of the Purchase Agreement entered into between the Company and the purchasers named therein dated July 31, 2017 (the “Purchase Agreement”) was triggered. The Purchasers were issued a total of 14,458 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock valued at $70,483 in connection with such anti-dilution rights.
On January 11, 2018, we received $130,200 from the Donald P. Monaco Insurance Trust, of which Donald Monaco is the trustee and a member of the Board of Directors of the Company, and issued 24,800 shares of restricted common stock in connection with the exercise of a warrant which had an exercise price of $5.25 per share.
On January 11, 2018, we received $10,500 from William Kerby, the CEO and Chairman of the Company, and issued 2,000 shares of restricted common stock in connection with the exercise of a warrant which had an exercise price of $5.25 per share.
On January 11, 2018, we received $95,000 from Monaco Investment Partners II LP, of which Donald Monaco is the managing general partner and a member of the Board of Directors of the Company, and issued 19,000 shares of restricted common stock in connection with the exercise of a warrant which had an exercise price of $5 per share.
On January 11, 2018, we received $200,000 from Charcoal Investment Ltd, which entity is owned by Simon Orange, a member of the Board of Directors of the Company, and issued 40,000 shares of restricted common stock in connection with the exercise of a warrant which had an exercise price of $5 per share.
On January 29, 2018, we received $78,225 from The Stadlin Trust dated 5/25/01 and issued 29,800 shares of restricted common stock in connection with a First Amendment to Warrant Agreement. Pursuant to the First Amendment to Warrant Agreement, The Stadlin Trust exercised warrants to purchase 20,000 shares of common stock at a reduced exercise price of $2.625 per share. Additionally, Pacific exercised penalty warrants to purchase 9,800 shares of common stock at a reduced exercise price of $2.625 per share.
As a result of the reduction in the exercise price of the The Stadlin Trust warrants which was agreed to pursuant to the First Amendment to Warrant, the anti-dilution provisions of the Purchase Agreement were triggered. The Purchasers were issued a total of 1,220 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock valued at $5,946 in connection with such anti-dilution rights.

 

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As a result of certain anti-dilutive transactions described herein, a total of 14,458 shares of common stock were issued to the Purchasers (the “Liquidated Damage Shares”) and the exercise price of the warrants sold pursuant to the Purchase Agreement and granted as liquidated damages, as discussed below, was automatically adjusted from the original exercise price of $5.25 per share to $5.09 per share.

 

As a result of the liquidated damage provisions triggered by our failure to timely obtain an uplisting to the Nasdaq Capital Market, penalty warrants to purchase a total of 465,066 shares of common stock were granted to the Purchasers and the agent in the offering, which have an exercise price of $5.09 per share (subject to potential further dilution rights) and a term through July 30, 2022, of which warrants to purchase 265,300 shares of common stock have been exercised to date and which 265,300 shares of common stock have been issued in connection with the exercises thereof and warrants to purchase 199,766 shares of common stock remain unexercised as of the date of this Report.

 

On November 21, 2017, Monaker entered into a Purchase Agreement and an addendum thereto (the “Purchase Addendum”) with A-Tech LLC (“A-Tech”) on behalf of its wholly-owned subsidiary Parula Village Ltd. (“Parula”) whereby Monaker purchased from A-Tech, through Parula, ownership of 12 parcels of land on Long Caye, Lighthouse Reef, Belize (the “Property”) for 240,000 shares of restricted common stock valued at a total of $1,500,000. Additionally, as part of the same consideration, A-Tech agreed to construct 12 vacation rental residences on the Property within 270 days of closing of the transaction (the “Construction Obligation”); and the agreement provided that if the vacation rental residences were not completed within the 270 days, Monaker would cancel 12,000 shares, valued at $75,000 (of the previously issued 240,000 shares of restricted common stock) for each residence not completed. In the event the average closing price of Monaker’s common stock for the 10 trading days prior to the 90th day after the closing of the transaction was less than $6.25 per share, Monaker was required to issue additional shares of restricted common stock such that the value of the shares issued to A-Tech totaled $1.5 million. On February 20, 2018 (the first business day following the 90th day after the closing), Monaker issued an additional 66,632 shares of common stock at $4.80 for a total of $319,834, to meet the 90 day anniversary look-back provision for a guaranteed purchase price of $1.5 million. In the event any encumbrances, taxes, levies, claims or liens of any kind are brought against the Property within 24 months of the closing, Monaker has the right at its sole discretion to either unwind the transaction and cancel all the shares issued to A-Tech or have A-Tech take actions to settle such claims. A-Tech also agreed to a leak out provision which prohibits it from selling shares of common stock exceeding 30% of the weekly volume of our common stock, up to a maximum of 96,000 shares each quarter, starting 180 days from the closing (provided that A-Tech is prohibited from selling any shares prior to the 180th day following the closing). Additionally, A-Tech granted us (or our assigns) a 48 hour first right of refusal to purchase any shares of common stock proposed to be sold by A-Tech at $6.25 per share, prior to A-Tech selling any such shares in the open market.

 

On May 31, 2018 effective February 28, 2018, Monaker and A-Tech entered into a First Amendment to the Purchase Agreement, to amend the terms of the Purchase Agreement to (a) provide for the acquisition by Monaker of a ‘right to own’ the Property instead of the ownership of the Property itself, as the title to the Property had not been legally transferred as of such date, which ‘right to own’ had an exercise price of $0 and was transferrable and exercisable by the Company at any time, (b) terminate the Construction Obligation, and (c) to correct certain inaccuracies in the original agreement. The First Amendment also required A-Tech to return 210,632 shares of common stock to Monaker for cancellation and were cancelled for non-performance. The First Amendment to the Purchase Agreement had an effective date of November 21, 2017.

 

Immediately thereafter, on May 31, 2018, Monaker and Bettwork entered into an agreement whereby Bettwork acquired the ‘right to own’ the Property from the Company in consideration for a Secured Convertible Promissory Note in the amount of $1.6 million (the “Secured Note”). The amount owed under the Secured Note accrues interest at a fluctuating interest rate, based on the prime rate, and is due and payable on May 31, 2020. The repayment of the Secured Note is secured by a first priority security interest in the ‘right to own’ and subsequent to the exercise thereof, the Property. Bettwork may prepay the Secured Note at any time, subject to its obligation to provide us 15 days prior written notice prior to any prepayment. The Secured Note is convertible into shares of Bettwork’s common stock, at our option, subject to a 9.99% beneficial ownership limitation. The conversion price of the Secured Note is $1.00 per share, unless, prior to the Secured Note being paid in full, Bettwork completes a capital raise or acquisition and issues common stock or common stock equivalents (including, but not limited to convertible securities) with a price per share (as determined in our reasonable discretion) less than the Conversion Price then in effect (each a “Transaction”), at which time the Conversion Price will be adjusted to match such lower pricing structure associated with the Transaction (provided such repricing shall continue to apply to subsequent Transactions which occur prior to the Secured Note being paid in full as well). Bettwork and A-Tech share a common principal.

 

We claim an exemption from registration for the issuances and sales described above pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) and/or Rule 506(b) of Regulation D of the Securities Act, since the foregoing issuances did not involve a public offering, the recipients were (a) “accredited investors”; and/or (b) had access to similar documentation and information as would be required in a Registration Statement under the Securities Act, the recipients acquired the securities for investment only and not with a view towards, or for resale in connection with, the public sale or distribution thereof. The securities were offered without any general solicitation by us or our representatives. No underwriters or agents were involved in the foregoing issuances and grant and we paid no underwriting discounts or commissions. The securities sold are subject to transfer restrictions, and the certificates evidencing the securities contain an appropriate legend stating that such securities have not been registered under the Securities Act and may not be offered or sold absent registration or pursuant to an exemption there-from. The securities were not registered under the Securities Act and such securities may not be offered or sold in the United States absent registration or an exemption from registration under the Securities Act and any applicable state securities laws.

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of our operations should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this filing. In addition to historical consolidated financial information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. These statements involve risks and uncertainties and our actual results could differ materially from those discussed below. See the “Forward-Looking Statements” disclosure above for a discussion of the uncertainties, risks and assumptions associated with these statements. See also the “Risk Factors” disclosure above for additional discussion of such risks.

 

Growth Opportunities and Trends

 

Our ability to further grow our revenue will depend largely on increasing the number of distributors, the number of paid listings, increasing revenue per listing and increasing revenue from other products and services through our marketplace.

 

Our achievement of these objectives will further depend on our ability to successfully enable more online bookable listings. Achieving growth in the number of distributors and the number of listings involves our ability to (i) increase our listing renewal rates, (ii) reach new distributors, property managers and owners through marketing activities, and/or (iii) obtain new listings through geographic expansion, strategic acquisitions or investments. Increasing revenue per listing and revenue from other products and services will involve our ability to successfully drive more bookings and to successfully introduce new products to our marketplace.

 

In the future, we believe it will become more important to increase marketing investments to grow and further advertise our brand and products to distributors and travelers. We have seen other companies launch online businesses offering ALRs or other alternatives to hotels and we believe this growing favorable awareness of alternatives to hotels will support growth in our business. However, we have also seen a trend of increased government regulation and taxation of the industry. We continue to monitor the effects of these trends and will take actions as necessary to mitigate their effects.

 

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Recent Significant Funding Transactions

 

On August 11, 2017, the Company closed the transactions contemplated by the Purchase Agreement, described in greater detail above under “Part I” – “Item 1. Business” – “Recent Events Through Year-End” – “Private Placement Offering”. The aggregate net proceeds from the offering, after deducting the placement agent’s fees payable in cash and other estimated offering expenses, were approximately $2.7 million. The Company intends to use the aggregate net proceeds to expand its technology division, increase its alternative lodging rental count, and general corporate purposes.

 

Key Financial Highlights

 

Key financial highlights for the fiscal year end (FYE) February 28, 2018 include the following:

 

Travel and commission revenue was approximately $431,000 compared to $400,000 for FYE February 28, 2017, or an increase of 8%;

 

Net loss attributable to Monaker Group, Inc. was approximately $10.0 million, or $1.61 per basic and diluted share for FYE February 28, 2018, compared to net loss of approximately $7.1 million, or $2.06 per diluted share, in FYE February 28, 2017, or a decrease of 18%;

 

Cash used in operating activities was approximately $3.72 million for FYE February 28, 2018 compared to approximately $3.74 million for FYE February 28, 2017, or a decrease of 0.3%;

 

Cash provided by financing activities was approximately $4.8 million for FYE February 28, 2018 compared to approximately $5.3 million for FYE February 28, 2017;

 

There was a net increase in cash of approximately $597,000 for FYE February 28, 2018, compared to an increase in cash of approximately $869,000 for FYE February 28, 2017; and

 

Cash and cash equivalents as of February 28, 2018 was approximately $1,604,000.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We recognize revenue when the customer has purchased the product, the occurrence of the earlier of date of travel or the date of cancellation has expired, the sales price is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured.

 

Revenue for customer travel packages purchased directly from the Company are recorded gross (the amount paid to the Company by the customer is shown as revenue and the cost of providing the respective travel package is recorded to cost of revenues).

 

We generate our revenues from sales directly to customers as well as through other distribution channels of tours and activities at destinations throughout the world. We also generate revenue from commissions on bookings and sales of ancillary products and services.

 

Payments for tours or activities received in advance of services being rendered are recorded as deferred revenue and recognized at the earlier of the date of travel or the last date of cancellation (i.e. the customer’s refund privileges lapse).

 

Business Combinations

 

The purchase prices of acquired businesses or acquired assets have been allocated to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed, based upon their estimated fair value at the date control is obtained. The difference between the purchase price and the fair value of the net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill.

 

Most of the businesses we have acquired did not have a significant amount of tangible assets. We typically identified the following identifiable intangible assets in each acquisition: trade name, customer relationships and internal software. In making certain assumptions on valuation and useful lives, we considered the unique nature of each acquired asset.

 

Determining the estimated fair value of assets involves the use of significant estimates, judgment and assumptions, such as future cash flows and selection of comparable companies. Future changes in our assumptions or the interrelationship of those assumptions may negatively impact future valuations and could result in an impairment of goodwill or intangible assets that may have a material effect on our financial condition and operating results.

 

Definite-lived intangible assets are recorded at cost and amortized using a method that reflects our best estimate of the pattern in which the economic benefit of the related intangible asset is utilized.

 

Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, such as certain trade names, are not amortized and are subject to annual impairment tests during the fourth quarter, or whenever events or circumstances indicate impairment may have occurred. For goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets, we complete a quantitative analysis that compares the fair value of our reporting unit or indefinite-lived intangible assets to the carrying amounts, and an impairment loss is recognized equivalent to the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value.

 

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Stock-Based Compensation

 

We have stock-based compensation plans which allow for the issuance of stock-based awards, restricted stock units and restricted stock awards. We account for stock-based compensation expense by amortizing the fair value of each stock-based award expected to vest over the requisite service or performance period. The fair value of restricted stock awards is based on the number of shares granted and the closing price of our common stock on the date of grant. The fair value of each stock warrant award is calculated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.

 

The Black-Scholes model requires various assumptions including fair value of the underlying stock, volatility, expected term, risk-free interest rate and expected dividends. We use our historical experience to estimate the expected forfeiture rate of awards, and only recognize expense for those awards expected to vest. To the extent the actual forfeiture rate is different from the estimate, the stock-based compensation expense is adjusted accordingly. If any of the assumptions we use in estimating the fair value of awards change significantly or the actual forfeiture rate is different than the estimate, stock-based compensation expense may differ materially in the future.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Results of Operations for the Fiscal Year Ended February 28, 2018 Compared to the Fiscal Year Ended February 28, 2017

 

Revenues

 

Total travel and commission revenues increased 7.6% to $430,797 for the fiscal year ended (FYE) February 28, 2018, compared to $400,277 for the FYE February 28, 2017, an increase of $30,520. This increase is mainly attributable to repeat business and the marketing efforts throughout the fiscal year.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Our operating expenses, including cost of revenues, technology and development, salaries and benefits, selling and promotion, amortization of intangibles, impairment of intangibles and general and administrative expenses, increased 11.2% to $8,154,450 for the FYE February 28, 2018, compared to $7,332,055 for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2017, an increase of $822,395.

  

Other Income (Expenses)

 

Other income (expense) includes interest expense, loss on legal settlement, interest income, penalty warrants, gain on extinguishment of debt, gain on sale of investments and the registration rights penalties. Other expense increased 1,298% to $2,313,489 for the FYE February 28, 2018, compared to $165,497 for the FYE February 28, 2017, an increase of $2,147,992.

 

The increase is mainly attributable to:

(i)a decrease in gain on extinguishment of debt, which decreased to $0 for the FYE February 28, 2018, compared to $97,943 for the FYE February 28, 2017. Gain on extinguishment of debt was in connection with the settlement of outstanding debts for discounted amounts which were offset by honoring debt obligations related to an entity (Next 1 Network, Inc.) that was sold in January 2016;
(ii)a decrease in the gain on sales of investment which decreased to $0 for the FYE February 28, 2018, compared to $66,011 for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2017. Gain on sales of investments was in connection with the sale of the 51% membership interest in Name Your Fee, LLC.;
(iii)the increase in loss on legal settlements to $142,800 for the FYE February 28, 2018, compared to $81,832 for the FYE February 28, 2017. The FYE February 28, 2018 amount of $142,800 is related to the RealBiz litigation (see “Part I” – “Item 3. Legal Proceedings”) and the FYE February 28, 2017 represents the payment of an arbitration award on June 2, 2016;
(iv)a decrease in interest expense to $198,038 for the FYE February 28, 2018, compared to $248,200 for the FYE February 28, 2017. The decrease is due primarily to the conversion, on August 22, 2017, of promissory notes held by Mark A Wilton, a significant stockholder of the Company, with an aggregate principal balance of $1,409,326, into 281,866 shares of restricted common stock of the Company; and
(v)an increase of $1,972,800 for warrants issued in connection with the failure to timely uplist on NASDAQ.

 

Net Loss

 

We had a net loss of $10,037,142 for the FYE February 28, 2018, compared to a net loss of $7,097,275 for the FYE February 28, 2017, an increase of $2,939,867. The increase in net loss was primarily attributable to the increase in other expenses of $2,147,992, largely related to registration rights penalties and an increase in operating expenses of $822,395.

 

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Contractual Obligations. The following schedule represents obligations and commitments on the part of the Company that are not included in liabilities:

 

   Current   Long Term     
   FYE 2018   FYE 2019   FYE 2020 and beyond   Totals 
Office Lease  $72,430   $77,534   $91,107   $241,071 
Other   51,167    3,150        54,317 
Totals  $123,597   $80,684   $91,107   $295,388 

  

Liquidity and Capital Resources; Going Concern

 

At February 28, 2018, we had $1,604,414 of cash on-hand, an increase of $597,349 from $1,007,065 at February 28, 2017. The increase in cash is due primarily to (i) the funds raised on August 11, 2017, in connection with the closing of the Purchase Agreement (as described above under “Part I” – “Item 1. Business” – “Recent Events Through Year-End” – “Private Placement Offering”) and (ii) the funds raised from the exercise of warrants by Directors of the Company and investors who participated in the Purchase Agreement, which raised an aggregate of $4,830,739. These funds were offset by the payment of operating expenses of $4,622,784 and website development costs of $415,182.

 

As of February 28, 2018, the Company had total current liabilities of $1,727,324, consisting of other notes payable in the form of a Line of Credit facility of $1,200,000 from Republic Bank (described below) of which $1,193,000 was drawn (the same as of February 28, 2017), accounts payable of $428,120 (an increase of $165,627 from $262,493 as of February 28, 2017), and other current liabilities of $106,204 (a decrease of $47,444 from $153,648 as of February 28, 2017). We anticipate that we will satisfy these amounts from proceeds derived from equity sales, conversions to equity securities and revenue generated from sales, as well as from our cash on hand.

 

As of February 28, 2018, we had $5.8 million in total assets, $4.6 million in total liabilities, negative working capital of $70,000 and a total accumulated deficit of $110.7 million.

 

Net cash used in operating activities increased to $3,724,856 for the FYE February 28, 2018, a decrease of $13,047 from the $3,737,903 cash used in operating activities during the FYE February 28, 2017.

 

Net cash used in investing activities decreased to $508,566 for the FYE February 28, 2018, a decrease of $176,848 from $685,414 during the FYE February 28, 2017. The change is due to fewer modifications required on live websites from the prior year and a resulting decrease in payments related to website development costs.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities decreased to $4,830,771 for the FYE February 28, 2018, a decrease of $461,667 from $5,292,438 for the FYE February 28, 2017. This decrease was primarily due to a decrease in (i) draw downs on the line of credit (described below), (ii) proceeds from shareholder loans and (iii) proceeds from the issuances of common stock and warrants which were offset by an increase in funds received from the exercises of common stock warrants, and the discontinuation of payments on convertible promissory notes and shareholder loans as they were paid off.

 

On June 15, 2016, we entered into a revolving line of credit agreement with Republic Bank, Inc. of Duluth, Minnesota (“Republic”), in the maximum amount of $1,000,000. Amounts borrowed under the line of credit accrue interest at the Wall Street Journal U.S. Prime Rate plus 1% (updated daily until maturity), payable monthly in arrears beginning on July 15, 2016. Any amounts borrowed under the line of credit were originally due on June 15, 2017; however, on June 12, 2017, the line of credit was extended for 90 days through September 13, 2017. On December 22, 2016, the revolving line of credit was increased to $1,200,000. On September 15, 2017, we entered into a replacement revolving line of credit agreement with Republic, which replaced and superseded our prior line of credit. The replacement Line of Credit is in an amount of up to $1.2 million, which borrowed amount is due and payable by us on September 15, 2018. Amounts borrowed under the Line of Credit accrue interest at the Wall Street Journal U.S. Prime Rate plus 1% (updated daily until maturity), payable monthly in arrears beginning on October 15, 2017. The loan contains standard and customary events of default and no financial covenants. From June 16, 2016 through February 28, 2018, we have made draws of $1,193,000 under the line of credit.

 

On May 31, 2018, Monaker and Bettwork entered into an agreement whereby Bettwork acquired the ‘right to own’ certain property located in Belize from the Company in consideration for a Secured Convertible Promissory Note in the amount of $1.6 million. The amount owed under the Secured Convertible Promissory Note accrues interest at a fluctuating interest rate, based on the prime rate, and is due and payable on May 31, 2020. The repayment of the Secured Convertible Promissory Note is secured by a first priority security interest in the ‘right to own’ and subsequent to the exercise thereof, the property. Bettwork may prepay the Secured Convertible Promissory Note at any time, subject to its obligation to provide us 15 days prior written notice prior to any prepayment. The Secured Convertible Promissory Note is convertible into shares of Bettwork’s common stock, at our option, at a conversion price of $1.00, subject to adjustment as provided in the Secured Convertible Promissory Note and subject to a 9.99% beneficial ownership limitation.

 

The growth and development of our business will require a significant amount of additional working capital. We currently have limited financial resources and based on our current operating plan, we will need to raise additional capital in order to continue as a going concern. We currently do not have adequate cash to meet our short or long-term objectives. In the event additional capital is raised, it may have a dilutive effect on our existing stockholders.

 

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We have very limited financial resources. We currently have a monthly cash requirement of approximately $180,000, exclusive of capital expenditures. We will need to raise substantial additional capital to support the on-going operation and increased market penetration of our products including the development of national advertising relationships, increases in operating costs resulting from additional staff and office space until such time as we generate revenues sufficient to support itself. We believe that in the aggregate, we could require several millions of dollars to support and expand the marketing and development of our travel products, repay debt obligations, provide capital expenditures for additional equipment and development costs, payment obligations, office space and systems for managing the business, and cover other operating costs until our planned revenue streams from travel products are fully-implemented and begin to offset our operating costs. Our failure to obtain additional capital to finance our working capital needs on acceptable terms, or at all, will negatively impact our business, financial condition and liquidity. As of February 28, 2018, we had approximately $1.6 million of current liabilities. We currently do not have the resources to satisfy these obligations, and our inability to do so could have a material adverse effect on our business and ability to continue as a going concern.

 

To date, we have funded our operations with the proceeds from the private equity and debt financings and we anticipate we will continue to meet our funding requirements through the sale of equity or debt financing, which funds may not be available on favorable terms, if at all. We anticipate that we would need several millions of dollars to properly market our products and fund the operations for the next 12 months. Assuming we are able to raise the funds discussed above, we anticipate that by the fourth fiscal quarter of FYE February 28, 2019, our operations will be self-sustaining and providing the necessary cash flow to enable us to continue to grow the Company.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, costs and expenses, and related disclosures. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates and assumptions. To the extent there are material differences between these estimates and our actual results, our consolidated financial statements will be affected.

 

Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

 

The methods, estimates and judgments we use in applying our accounting policies have a significant impact on our results of operations. We believe that the policies listed below involve the greatest degree of complexity and judgment by our management and are critical for understanding and evaluating our financial condition and results of operations. If actual results significantly differ from the Company’s estimates, the Company’s financial condition and results of operations could be materially impacted.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We recognize revenue when the customer has purchased the product, the occurrence of the earlier of date of travel or the date of cancellation has expired, the sales price is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured.

 

Revenue for customer travel packages purchased directly from the Company are recorded in gross amounts (the amount paid to the Company by the customer is shown as revenue and the cost of providing the respective travel package is recorded to cost of revenues).

 

We generate our revenues from sales directly to customers as well as through other distribution channels of tours and activities at destinations throughout the world. We also generate revenue from commissions on bookings and sales of ancillary products and services.

 

Payments for tours or activities received in advance of services being rendered are recorded as deferred revenue and recognized at the earlier of the date of travel or the last date of cancellation (i.e., the customer’s refund privileges lapse).

 

Business Combinations

 

The purchase prices of acquired businesses or acquired assets have been allocated to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed, based upon their estimated fair value at the date control is obtained. The difference between the purchase price and the fair value of the net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill.

 

Most of the businesses we have acquired did not have a significant amount of tangible assets. We typically identified the following identifiable intangible assets in each acquisition: trade name, customer relationships and internal software. In making certain assumptions on valuation and useful lives, we considered the unique nature of each acquired asset.

 

Determining the estimated fair value of assets involves the use of significant estimates, judgment and assumptions, such as future cash flows and selection of comparable companies. Future changes in our assumptions or the interrelationship of those assumptions may negatively impact future valuations and could result in an impairment of goodwill or intangible assets that may have a material effect on our financial condition and operating results.

 

Definite-lived intangible assets are recorded at cost and amortized using a method that reflects our best estimate of the pattern in which the economic benefit of the related intangible asset is utilized.

 

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Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, such as certain trade names, are not amortized and are subject to annual impairment tests during the fourth quarter, or whenever events or circumstances indicate impairment may have occurred. For goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets, we complete a quantitative analysis that compares the fair value of our reporting unit or indefinite-lived intangible assets to the carrying amounts, and an impairment loss is recognized equivalent to the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

We extend credit to our customers in the normal course of business. Further, we regularly review outstanding receivables, and provide for estimated losses through an allowance for doubtful accounts. In evaluating the level of established loss reserves, we make judgments regarding our customers’ ability to make required payments, economic events and other factors. As the financial condition of these parties change, circumstances develop or additional information becomes available, adjustments to the allowance for doubtful accounts may be required. We maintain reserves for potential credit losses, and such losses traditionally have been within our expectations. As of February 28, 2018 and February 28, 2017, we had no accounts receivable, therefore, our allowance for doubtful accounts was $0.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 360-10, “Property, Plant and Equipment”, we periodically review our long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable. We recognize an impairment loss when the sum of expected undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset. The amount of impairment is measured as the difference between the asset’s estimated fair value and its book value. As of February 28, 2018, we did not impair any long-lived assets.

 

Website Development Costs

 

We account for website development costs in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 350-50 “Website Development Costs”. Accordingly, all costs incurred in the planning stage are expensed as incurred, costs incurred in the website application and infrastructure development stage that meet specific criteria are capitalized subject to straight-line amortization over a three-year period and costs incurred in the day to day operation of the website are expensed as incurred.

 

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

 

In accordance with ASC 350-30-65 “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets”, we assess the impairment of identifiable intangible assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Factors we consider important, which could trigger an impairment review include the following:

 

1. Significant underperformance to historical or projected future operating results;

2. Significant changes in the manner or use of the acquired assets or the strategy for the overall business; and

3. Significant negative industry or economic trends.

 

When we determine that the carrying value of an intangible asset may not be recoverable based upon the existence of one or more of the above indicators of impairment and the carrying value of the asset cannot be recovered from projected undiscounted cash flow, we record an impairment charge. We measure any impairment based on a projected discounted cash flow method using a discount rate determined by management to be commensurate with the risk inherent to the current business model. Significant management judgment is required in determining whether an indicator of impairment exists and in projecting cash flows. We evaluated the remaining useful life of the intangibles and did not record an impairment of intangible assets during the years ended February 28, 2018 and February 28, 2017.

 

Intellectual properties that have finite useful lives are amortized over their useful lives. We incurred amortization expense of $211,115 and $1,779,820 for the years ended February 28, 2018 and February 28, 2017, respectively, which is included in general and administrative expenses. Also, $1,485,000 of website development costs and $600,000 of rights to purchase land were impaired as of February 28, 2018.

 

Convertible promissory notes

 

Upon issuance of convertible promissory senior notes, we separated the notes into liability and equity components. We record debt net of debt discount for beneficial conversion features and warrants, on a relative fair value basis. Beneficial conversion features are recorded pursuant to the Beneficial Conversion and Debt Topics of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. The carrying amount of the liability component was calculated by measuring the fair value of a similar liability that does not have an associated convertible feature. The carrying amount of the equity component representing the conversion option was determined by deducting the fair value of the liability component from the par value of the notes as a whole. The excess of the principal amount of the liability component over its carrying amount (“debt discount”) is amortized to interest expense over the term of the notes using the effective interest rate method. The equity component is not re- measured as long as it continues to qualify for equity classification. The balance of convertible promissory senior notes, as of February 28, 2018 and February 28, 2017, was $0 and $1,409,326, respectively.

 

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In accounting for the transaction costs related to the note issuance, we allocated the total amount incurred to the liability and equity components based on their relative values. Transaction costs attributable to the liability component are being amortized to expense over the term of the notes using the effective interest rate method, and transaction costs attributable to the equity component were netted with the equity component in stockholders’ equity.

 

Derivative Instruments

 

We enter into financing arrangements that consist of freestanding derivative instruments or are hybrid instruments that contain embedded derivative features. We account for these arrangements in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification topic 815, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities (“ASC 815”) as well as related interpretation of this standard. In accordance with this standard, derivative instruments are recognized as either assets or liabilities in the balance sheet and are measured at fair values with gains or losses recognized in earnings. Embedded derivatives that are not clearly and closely related to the host contract are bifurcated and are recognized at fair value with changes in fair value recognized as either a gain or loss in earnings. We determine the fair value of derivative instruments and hybrid instruments based on available market data using appropriate valuation models, considering all of the rights and obligations of each instrument.

 

We estimate fair values of derivative financial instruments using various techniques (and combinations thereof) that are considered consistent with the objective measuring fair values. In selecting the appropriate technique, we consider, among other factors, the nature of the instrument, the market risks that it embodies and the expected means of settlement. For less complex derivative instruments, such as freestanding warrants, we generally use the Black-Scholes model, adjusted for the effect of dilution, because it embodies all of the requisite assumptions (including trading volatility, estimated terms, dilution and risk free rates) necessary to fair value these instruments. Estimating fair values of derivative financial instruments requires the development of significant and subjective estimates that may, and are likely to, change over the duration of the instrument with related changes in internal and external market factors. In addition, option-based techniques (such as Black-Scholes model) are highly volatile and sensitive to changes in the trading market price of our common stock. Since derivative financial instruments are initially and subsequently carried at fair values, our income (expense) going forward will reflect the volatility in these estimates and assumption changes. Under the terms of the new accounting standard, increases in the trading price of our common stock and increases in fair value during a given financial quarter result in the application of non-cash derivative expense. Conversely, decreases in the trading price of our common stock and decreases in trading fair value during a given financial quarter result in the application of non-cash derivative income.

 

Based upon ASC 815-25 the Company has adopted a sequencing approach regarding the application of ASC 815-40 to its outstanding convertible debentures. Pursuant to the sequencing approach, the Company evaluates its contracts based upon earliest issuance date.

 

In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260) Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480) Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): I. Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features, II. Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests with a Scope Exception. ASU 2017-11 intends to reduce the complexity associated with the issuer’s accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity. Specifically, the Board determined that a down round feature (as defined) would no longer cause a freestanding equity-linked financial instrument (or an embedded conversion option) to be accounted for as a derivative liability at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in current earnings and is effective in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company adopted the new standard during 2017, preventing the need to account for several outstanding warrants that contain down round features as derivative instruments.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

We have stock-based compensation plans which allow for the issuance of stock-based awards, including stock options, restricted stock units and restricted stock awards. We compute share based payments in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 718-10 “Compensation” (ASC 718-10). ASC 718-10 establishes standards for the accounting for transactions in which an entity exchanges its equity instruments for goods and services at fair value, focusing primarily on accounting for transactions in which an entity obtains employees services in share-based payment transactions. It also addresses transactions in which an entity incurs liabilities in exchange for goods and services that are based on the fair value of an entity’s equity instruments or that may be settled by the issuance of those equity instruments.

 

SAB No. 107, Share-Based Payment (“SAB 107”) provides guidance regarding the interaction of ASC 718-10 and certain SEC rules and regulations. We have applied the provisions of SAB 107 in its adoption of ASC 718-10. We account for stock-based compensation expense by amortizing the fair value of each stock-based award expected to vest over the requisite service or performance period. The fair value of restricted stock awards is based on the number of shares granted and the closing price of our common stock on the date of grant. The fair value of each stock option award is calculated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.

 

The Black-Scholes model requires various assumptions including fair value of the underlying stock, volatility, expected term, risk-free interest rate and expected dividends. We use our historical experience to estimate the expected forfeiture rate of awards, and only recognize expense for those awards expected to vest. To the extent the actual forfeiture rate is different from the estimate, the stock-based compensation expense is adjusted accordingly. If any of the assumptions we use in estimating the fair value of awards change significantly or the actual forfeiture rate is different than the estimate, stock-based compensation expense may differ materially in the future.

 

We have implemented all new relevant accounting pronouncements that are in effect through the date of these financial statements. These pronouncements did not have a material impact on the financial statements and unless otherwise disclosed, we do not believe that there are any other new accounting pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations.

 

Income Taxes

 

We account for income taxes pursuant to the provisions of ASC 740-10, “Accounting for Income Taxes” in accordance with the liability method, whereby deferred tax asset and liability account balances are determined based on differences between financial reporting and the tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. These differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included in our consolidated balance sheets. We then assess the likelihood that the deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income and the reversal of temporary taxable differences. A valuation allowance is established against deferred tax assets to the extent we believe that recovery is not likely. Significant judgment is required in determining any valuation allowance to be recorded. In assessing the need for a valuation allowance, we consider all available evidence, including past operating results, estimates of future taxable income, reversals of taxable temporary differences and the feasibility of tax planning over the periods in which the temporary differences are deductible. In the event we change our determination as to the amount of deferred tax assets that can be realized, we will adjust our valuation allowance with a corresponding impact to the provision for income taxes in the period in which the determination is made.

 

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The difference between our effective income tax rate and the federal statutory rate is primarily a function of the mix of uncertain tax positions and permanent differences including non-deductible charges. Our provision for income taxes is subject to volatility and could be adversely impacted if earnings or tax rates differ from our expectations or if new tax laws are enacted.

 

Significant judgment is required in evaluating any uncertain tax positions, including the timing and amount of deductions and allocations of income among various tax jurisdictions. We are required to identify, evaluate and measure all uncertain tax positions taken or to be taken on tax returns and to record liabilities for the amount of these positions that may not be sustained, or may only partially be sustained, upon examination by the relevant taxing authorities. Although we believe that our estimates and judgments are reasonable, actual results may differ from these estimates. Some or all of these judgments are subject to review by the taxing authorities. We adjust these reserves in light of changing facts and circumstances, such as the closing of an audit or the refinement of an estimate. To the extent that the final outcome of a matter is different than the amount recorded, such differences will impact the provision for income taxes in the period in which the determination is made. The provision for income taxes includes the impact of reserve provisions and changes to reserves that are considered appropriate, as well as any related net interest and penalties.

 

We have adopted ASC 740-10-25 Definition of Settlement, which provides guidance on how an entity should determine whether a tax position is effectively settled for the purpose of recognizing previously unrecognized tax benefits and provides that a tax position can be effectively settled upon the completion of an examination by a taxing authority without being legally extinguished. For tax positions considered effectively settled, an entity would recognize the full amount of tax benefit, even if the tax position is not considered more likely than not to be sustained based solely on the basis of its technical merits and the statute of limitations remains open. As of February 28, 2018, the Company’s income tax returns for tax years ending February 28, 2017, February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, 2014, 2013, and 2012 remain potentially subject to audit by the taxing authorities.

 

We follow the guidance of ASC 740, “Income Taxes.” Deferred income taxes reflect the net effect of (a) temporary difference between carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial purposes and the amounts used for income tax reporting purposes, and (b) net operating loss carry- forwards. No current tax provision has been made in the accompanying statement of income (loss) because no taxes are due currently or were paid previously. Similarly, no deferred tax asset attributable to the net operating loss carry-forward has been recognized, as it is not deemed likely to be realized.

 

Earnings per Share

 

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock, common stock equivalents and potentially dilutive securities outstanding during each period. Diluted loss per common share is not presented because it is anti-dilutive.

 

On June 25, 2015, we effected a 1:50 reverse stock-split of all of our outstanding shares of common stock, which has been retroactively reflected herein.

 

On February 12, 2018, we effected a 1:2.5 reverse stock-split of all of our outstanding shares of common stock, which has been retroactively reflected herein.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

Pursuant to Item 305(e) of Regulation S-K (§ 229.305(e)), the Company is not required to provide the information required by this Item as it is a “smaller reporting company,” as defined by Rule 229.10(f)(1).

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

Our consolidated financial statements are contained in pages F-1 through which appear at the end of this annual report on Form 10-K.

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

None

 

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Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

The Company maintains a set of disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act) designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In accordance with Rule 13a-15(b) of the Exchange Act, as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, an evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of its disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures, as of February 28, 2018, the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, were effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act). Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the issuer’s principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, and effected by the issuer’s board of directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that our degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

Management assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting as of February 28, 2018 based on the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (COSO 2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organization of the Treadway Commission. On the basis of that assessment, management determined that our internal controls over financial reporting were effective as of that date.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the year ended February 28, 2018 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Limitations on the Effectiveness of Controls

 

Our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting are designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives as specified above. Management does not expect, however, that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting will prevent or detect all error and fraud. Any control system, no matter how well designed and operated, is based upon certain assumptions and can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that its objectives will be met. Further, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that misstatements due to error or fraud will not occur or that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected.

 

Item 9B. Other Information

 

On April 18, 2017, the Board of Directors adopted charters of the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee of the Board of the Directors, which are incorporated by reference herewith as Exhibits 99.1, 99.2 and 99.3, respectively. The Board of Directors appointed Mr. Pat LaVecchia (Chairman), Mr. Doug Checkeris and Mr. Robert Post, as members of the Audit Committee; Mr. Simon Orange (Chairman) and Mr. Checkeris, as members of the Compensation Committee; and Mr. Checkeris (Chairman) and Mr. LaVecchia, as members of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee.

 

The Board of Directors also adopted the Whistleblower Protection Policy, a copy of which is incorporated by reference hereto as Exhibit 14.3, on April 18, 2017.

 

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PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

The following table and biographical summaries set forth information, including principal occupation and business experience for at least the last five years, about our directors and executive officers. The terms of all the directors, as identified below, will run until their successors are elected and qualified or until their earlier resignation or removal.

 

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position

Officer and/or

Director Since

William Kerby 60

Chief Executive Officer and Chairman

2008

Omar Jimenez

56

Chief Financial Officer, Chief Operating Officer, Treasurer and Secretary and Director

2016

Pat LaVecchia

 51

Director

2011

Donald P. Monaco

65

Director

 

2012

Doug Checkeris

62

 

Director

 

2012

Simon Orange

50

 

Director

2017

Robert Post

 

 56

Director

 

2017

  

Management and Director Biographies:

 

William Kerby – Chief Executive Officer and Chairman

 

William Kerby is the Founder, Chairman, and CEO of Monaker Group, Inc. From July 2008 to present, he has been the architect of the Monaker model, overseeing the development and operations of the Company’s Travel, Real Estate and Television Media divisions. In October 2012, Monaker transferred its real estate assets into a public company - RealBiz Media Group, Inc., where Mr. Kerby served as CEO until August 2015 and on the Board until April of 2016. In July 2015, the decision was made to separate the Television and Real Estate operations from Monaker thereby allowing management to focus all efforts on the development of its travel operations. From April 2002 to July 2008, Mr. Kerby served as the CEO of various media and travel entities that ultimately became part of Extraordinary Vacations Group. Operations included Cruise & Vacation Shoppes, Maupintour Extraordinary Vacations, Attaché Travel and the Travel Magazine - a TV series of 160 travel shows. From February 1999 to April 2002, Mr. Kerby founded and managed Travelbyus, a publicly-traded company on the TSX and NASD Small Cap. The launch included an intellectually patented travel model that utilized technology-based marketing to promote its travel services and products. Mr. Kerby negotiated the acquisition and financing of 21 companies encompassing multiple tour operators, 2,100 travel agencies, media that included print, television, outdoor billboard and wireless applications and leading edge technology in order to build and complete the Travelbyus model. The company had over 500 employees, gross revenues exceeding $3 billion and a Market Cap over $900 million. From June 1989 to January 1999, Mr. Kerby founded and grew Leisure Canada – a company that included the Master Franchise for Thrifty Car Rental British Columbia, TravelPlus (a nationwide Travel Agency), Bluebird Holidays (an international tour company with operations in the U.S., Canada, Great Brittan, France, South Africa and the South Pacific) and Canadian Traveler (a travel magazine). Leisure Canada was acquired in May 1998 by Wilton Properties, a Canadian company developing hotel and resort properties in Cuba. From October 1980 through June 1989, Mr. Kerby worked in the financial industry as an investment advisor. Mr. Kerby graduated from York University in May 1980 with a Specialized Honors Economics degree. We selected Mr. Kerby to serve on our Board because he brings to the board extensive knowledge of the travel industry. Having served in senior corporate positions in many travel related companies, he has a vast knowledge of the industry.

 

Omar Jimenez – Chief Financial Officer, Chief Operating Officer, Treasurer, Secretary, and Director

 

In January 2017, the Board of Directors of the Company appointed Omar Jimenez as a member of the Board of Directors. On September 19, 2016, Mr. Jimenez was appointed by the Board of Directors of the Company to the positions of Treasurer and Secretary of the Company. In January 2016, the Board of Directors of the Company appointed Omar Jimenez to the position of Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer of the Company. Mr. Jimenez has held a variety of senior financial management positions during his career. From May 2009 to January 2016, he served as the founder of MARMEL International, Inc., a company that provides accounting and consulting services. In addition, from June 2004 to May 2009 he served as President and Chief Financial Officer at American Leisure Holdings, Inc., focusing on leisure and business travel, hospitality & hotels, call centers and real estate development. Mr. Jimenez also served from April 2002 to June 2004 as Director of Operations for US Installation Group, Inc., a selling and installation group for The Home Depot, and CFO and VP of Onyx Group, Inc., a conglomerate with 700 employees and annual revenues exceeding $400 million. Mr. Jimenez is a Certified Public Accountant (CPA), Chartered Global Management Accountant (CGMA), Chartered Property Casualty Underwriter (CPCU), a Member of the AICPA and FICPA. Mr. Jimenez holds a B.B.A in Accounting and a B.B.A in Finance from the University of Miami and an M.B.A from Florida International University.

 

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Pat LaVecchia – Director

 

Pat LaVecchia has served as a member of the Board of Directors since 2011. Mr. LaVecchia has been a founding principal and Managing Member of LaVecchia Capital LLC (“LaVecchia Capital”), a merchant banking and investment firm, since 2007 and has over 20 years of experience in the financial industry. Mr. LaVecchia has built and run several major Wall Street groups and has extensive expertise in capital markets, including initial public offerings, secondary offerings, raising capital for private companies and PIPEs as well as playing the leading role in numerous mergers, acquisitions, private placements and high yield transactions. Prior to forming LaVecchia Capital, Mr. LaVecchia ran several groups at major firms including: Managing Director and Head of the Private Equity Placement Group at Bear, Stearns & Company (1994 to 1997); Group Head of Global Private Corporate Equity Placements at Credit Suisse First Boston (1997 to 2000); Managing Director and Group Head of the Private Finance and Sponsors Group at Legg Mason Wood Walker, Inc (2001 to 2003); co-founder and Managing Partner of Viant Group (2003-2005) and Managing Director and Head of Capital Markets at FTN Midwest Securities Corp. (2005 to 2007). Mr. LaVecchia received his B.A., magna cum laude (and elected to Phi Beta Kappa), from Clark University and an M.B.A. from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania with a major in Finance and a concentration in Strategic Planning. In the past, Mr. LaVecchia has served on several public company boards, including as Vice Chairman of InfuSystems, Inc. (INFU). Mr. LaVecchia also served on the RealBiz Media Group, Inc. Board of Directors from April 2014 until April 2016. Mr. LaVecchia is also currently a managing partner of Sapphire Capital Management. Mr. LaVecchia also sits on several advisory boards and non-profit boards.

 

Donald P. Monaco – Director

 

Donald P. Monaco has served as a member of the Board of Directors since August 2011. Mr. Monaco served on the RealBiz Media Group, Inc. Board of Directors from October 2012 until April 2016. Mr. Monaco is the owner of Monaco Air Duluth, LLC, a full service, fixed-base operator aviation services business at Duluth International Airport serving airline, military and general aviation customers since November 2005; a partner in Lark O’ the Lake, LLC since April 2015; and the principal owner of the Duluth Flying Club, LLC since May 2015. Mr. Monaco also serves as a Commissioner on the Metropolitan Airports Commission in Minneapolis-St. Paul and is a Director at Republic Bank in Duluth, Minnesota. Mr. Monaco is the President and Chairman of the Monaco Air Foundation, Treasurer of Honor Flight Northland, Treasurer of the Duluth Aviation Institute, and a member of the Duluth Chamber of Commerce Military Affairs Committee. Mr. Monaco spent over 18 years as a Partner and Senior Executive and served 28 years as an international information technology and business management consultant with Accenture in Chicago, Illinois.

 

Doug Checkeris – Director

 

Doug Checkeris has served as a member of the Board of Directors since September 2012. Mr. Checkeris also served as the Company’s Chief Marketing Officer from February 2012 to February 2014. Mr. Checkeris is a Senior Media and Advertising Executive with nearly three decades of hands-on management in all facets of interactive media. Mr. Checkeris’s work experience includes 14 years of service with Mediacom where he rose through the ranks to become the CEO for Mediacom North America, until recently headquartered in New York. With close to $18 billion in global billings, 4,600 employees, and 116 offices in 89 countries, Mediacom provides and specializes in business-building media solutions for some of the world’s largest, well-known advertisers. Previous to Mediacom, Mr. Checkeris started his career in a media company in Toronto, Canada, and was a partner when the company was acquired by Grey Worldwide and the WPP. Mr. Checkeris served on the RealBiz Media Group, Inc. Board of Directors from October 2012 until April 2016.

 

Simon Orange – Director

 

Simon Orange has served as a member of the Board of Directors since January 2017. Mr. Orange is the founding partner and chairman of CorpAcq, a corporate acquisitions and investments company located in the United Kingdom. Mr. Orange served as the chairman of CorpAcq from 2006 to 2009 and from April 2014 to present. At CorpAcq, Mr. Orange is responsible for identifying and negotiating acquisitions in conjunction with its corporate finance partners, as well as overseeing strategic development, funding, and partnerships. Following a “buy and build” approach, CorpAcq maintains long-term investments in a diverse portfolio of successful businesses. Currently comprised of 19 portfolio companies, CorpAcq has been recognized as one of the fastest growing enterprises in the United Kingdom. Mr. Orange has been involved in funding and managing the growth of numerous business ventures, some which have been acquired by NASDAQ and London Stock Exchange listed companies. He is also a founding member of Cicero Consulting Group, based in New York City.

 

Robert J. Post – Director

 

Robert J. Post has served as a member of the Board of Directors since January 2017. Mr. Post has served as Chief Executive Officer of Cloud5, the largest provider of cloud based telecommunications and high speed Internet to major brands in the hospitality industry, including Marriott, IHG, Hilton, La Quinta, Motel 6 and Red Roof Inn, since January 2015. He has also served as a member of the Board of Directors of Cloud5 since January 2015. Mr. Post has served as the Executive Chairman of The Knowland Group, a hospitality and data analytics company since March 2014. From 2005 to December 2011, Mr. Post served as Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of TravelClick, a leading provider of global, hotel e-commerce solutions that supports more than 15,000 customers across 140 countries, including Blackstone, Hilton, Hyatt, Accor, Marriott and Trump. He also previously served as executive and corporate officer at MICROS Systems, a hospitality technology provider, where he helped lead its secondary NASDAQ offering. Since 2002, Mr. Post has also operated Pconsulting, providing start-up investment and restructuring services for mid-sized businesses, including OpenTable.com, HotelBank, and Radiant Systems. Mr. Post served as a member of the Board of Directors of Avatech Solutions, a publicly reporting company, and served on the Compensation and Audit Finance Committee of that entity, from March 2004 to October 2010. He is a graduate of Wharton’s Advanced Management Program, and earned his Bachelor’s of Science in Business from Duquesne University.

 

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Family Relationships amongst Directors and Officers:

 

There are no family relationships among our directors, executive officers, or persons nominated or chosen by the Company to become directors or executive officers.

 

Arrangements between Officers and Directors

 

To our knowledge, there is no arrangement or understanding between any of our officers and any other person, including directors, pursuant to which the officer was selected to serve as an officer.

 

Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

 

None of our executive officers or directors has been involved in any of the following events during the past ten years: (1) any bankruptcy petition filed by or against any business of which such person was a general partner or executive officer either at the time of the bankruptcy or within two years prior to that time; (2) any conviction in a criminal proceeding or being a named subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and minor offenses); (3) being subject to any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction, permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting his involvement in any type of business, securities or banking activities; (4) being found by a court of competent jurisdiction (in a civil action), the SEC or the Commodities Futures Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law; (5) being the subject of, or a party to, any Federal or State judicial or administrative order, judgment, decree, or finding, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, relating to an alleged violation of (i) any Federal or State securities or commodities law or regulation; (ii) any law or regulation respecting financial institutions or insurance companies, including, but not limited to, a temporary or permanent injunction, order of disgorgement or restitution, civil money penalty or temporary or permanent cease-and-desist order, or removal or prohibition order, or (iii) any law or regulation prohibiting mail or wire fraud or fraud in connection with any business entity; or (6) being the subject of, or a party to, any sanction or order, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any self-regulatory organization (as defined in Section 3(a)(26) of the Exchange Act), any registered entity (as defined in Section (1a)(40) of the Commodity Exchange Act), or any equivalent exchange, association, entity, or organization that has disciplinary authority over its members or persons associated with a member.

 

Committees of the Board of Directors

 

Board Committee Membership

 

  Independent Audit
Committee

Compensation

Committee

Nominating and
Corporate Governance

Committee

William Kerby (1)        
Omar Jimenez        
Pat LaVecchia                                      X C   M
Donald P. Monaco        
Doug Checkeris                                     X M M M
Simon Orange                                       X   C  
Robert Post                                         X      
    M    

 

(1) Chairman of Board of Directors.

C - Chairman of Committee.

M - Member.

 

The charter for each committee of the Board identified below is available on our website at www.monakergroup.com. Copies of the committee charters are also available for free upon written request to our Corporate Secretary. Additionally, the committee charters are incorporated by reference as exhibits to this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

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Audit Committee

 

The Audit Committee, which is comprised exclusively of independent directors, has been established by the Board to oversee our accounting and financial reporting processes and the audits of our financial statements.

 

The Board has selected the members of the Audit Committee based on the Board’s determination that the members are financially literate (as required by NASDAQ rules) and qualified to monitor the performance of management and the independent auditors and to monitor our disclosures so that our disclosures fairly present our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

The Board has also determined that Mr. Post, is an “audit committee financial expert” (as defined in the SEC rules) because he has the following attributes: (i) an understanding of generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and financial statements; (ii) the ability to assess the general application of such principles in connection with accounting for estimates, accruals and reserves; (iii) experience analyzing and evaluating financial statements that present a breadth and level of complexity of accounting issues that are generally comparable to the breadth and complexity of issues that can reasonably be expected to be raised by our financial statements; (iv) an understanding of internal control over financial reporting; and (v) an understanding of audit committee functions. Mr. Post has acquired these attributes by means of having held various positions that provided relevant experience, as described in his biographical above.

 

The Audit Committee has the sole authority, at its discretion and at our expense, to retain, compensate, evaluate and terminate our independent auditors and to review, as it deems appropriate, the scope of our annual audits, our accounting policies and reporting practices, our system of internal controls, our compliance with policies regarding business conduct and other matters. In addition, the Audit Committee has the authority, at its discretion and at our expense, to retain special legal, accounting or other advisors to advise the Audit Committee.

 

The Audit Committee was formed on April 18, 2017.

 

The Audit Committee Charter is incorporated herein by reference as Exhibit 99.1.

 

Compensation Committee

 

The Compensation Committee, which is comprised exclusively of independent directors, is responsible for the administration of our stock compensation plans, approval, review and evaluation of the compensation arrangements for our executive officers and directors and oversees and advises the Board on the adoption of policies that govern the Company’s compensation and benefit programs. In addition, the Compensation Committee has the authority, at its discretion and at our expense, to retain special legal, accounting or other advisors to advise the Compensation Committee.

 

The Compensation Committee was formed on April 18, 2017.

 

The Compensation Committee Charter is incorporated herein by reference as Exhibit 99.2.

 

Nominating and Governance Committee

 

The Nominating and Governance Committee, which is comprised exclusively of independent directors, is responsible for identifying prospective qualified candidates to fill vacancies on the Board, recommending director nominees (including chairpersons) for each of our committees, developing and recommending appropriate corporate governance guidelines and overseeing the self-evaluation of the Board.

 

In considering individual director nominees and Board committee appointments, our Nominating and Governance Committee seeks to achieve a balance of knowledge, experience and capability on the Board and Board committees and to identify individuals who can effectively assist the Company in achieving our short-term and long-term goals, protecting our stockholders’ interests and creating and enhancing value for our stockholders. In so doing, the Nominating and Governance Committee considers a person’s diversity attributes (e.g., professional experiences, skills, background, race and gender) as a whole and does not necessarily attribute any greater weight to one attribute. Moreover, diversity in professional experience, skills and background, and diversity in race and gender, are just a few of the attributes that the Nominating and Governance Committee takes into account. In evaluating prospective candidates, the Nominating and Governance Committee also considers whether the individual has personal and professional integrity, good business judgment and relevant experience and skills, and whether such individual is willing and able to commit the time necessary for Board and Board committee service.

 

While there are no specific minimum requirements that the Nominating and Governance Committee believes must be met by a prospective director nominee, the Nominating and Governance Committee does believe that director nominees should possess personal and professional integrity, have good business judgment, have relevant experience and skills, and be willing and able to commit the necessary time for Board and Board committee service. Furthermore, the Nominating and Governance Committee evaluates each individual in the context of the Board as a whole, with the objective of recommending individuals that can best perpetuate the success of our business and represent stockholder interests through the exercise of sound business judgment using their diversity of experience in various areas. We believe our current directors possess diverse professional experiences, skills and backgrounds, in addition to (among other characteristics) high standards of personal and professional ethics, proven records of success in their respective fields and valuable knowledge of our business and our industry.

 

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The Nominating and Governance Committee uses a variety of methods for identifying and evaluating director nominees. The Nominating and Governance Committee also regularly assesses the appropriate size of the Board and whether any vacancies on the Board are expected due to retirement or other circumstances. In addition, the Nominating and Governance Committee considers, from time to time, various potential candidates for directorships. Candidates may come to the attention of the Nominating and Governance Committee through current Board members, professional search firms, stockholders or other persons. These candidates may be evaluated at regular or special meetings of the Nominating and Governance Committee and may be considered at any point during the year.

 

The Committee evaluates director nominees at regular or special Committee meetings pursuant to the criteria described above and reviews qualified director nominees with the Board. The Committee selects nominees that best suit the Board’s current needs and recommends one or more of such individuals for election to the Board.

 

The Committee will consider candidates recommended by stockholders, provided the names of such persons, accompanied by relevant biographical information, and other information as required by the Company’s Bylaws, are properly submitted in writing to the Secretary of the Company in accordance with the Bylaws and applicable law. The Secretary will send properly submitted stockholder recommendations to the Committee. Individuals recommended by stockholders in accordance with these procedures will receive the same consideration received by individuals identified to the Committee through other means. The Committee also may, in its discretion, consider candidates otherwise recommended by stockholders without accompanying biographical information, if submitted in writing to the Secretary.

 

The Nominating and Governance Committee was formed on April 18, 2017.

 

The Nominating and Governance Committee Charter is incorporated herein by reference as Exhibit 99.3.

 

Board Leadership Structure

 

Our Board of Directors has the responsibility for selecting the appropriate leadership structure for the Company. In making leadership structure determinations, the Board of Directors considers many factors, including the specific needs of the business and what is in the best interests of the Company’s stockholders. Our current leadership structure is comprised of a combined Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”), Mr. Kerby. The Board of Directors believes that this leadership structure is the most effective and efficient for the Company at this time. Mr. Kerby possesses detailed and in-depth knowledge of the issues, opportunities, and challenges facing the Company, and is thus best positioned to develop agendas that ensure that the Board of Directors’ time and attention are focused on the most critical matters. Combining the Chairman of the Board and CEO roles promotes decisive leadership, fosters clear accountability and enhances the Company’s ability to communicate its message and strategy clearly and consistently to our stockholders, particularly during periods of turbulent economic and industry conditions. The Board believes that its programs for overseeing risk, as described below, would be effective under a variety of leadership frameworks and therefore do not materially affect its choice of structure.

 

Risk Oversight

 

Effective risk oversight is an important priority of the Board of Directors. Because risks are considered in virtually every business decision, the Board of Directors discusses risk throughout the year generally or in connection with specific proposed actions. The Board of Directors’ approach to risk oversight includes understanding the critical risks in the Company’s business and strategy, evaluating the Company’s risk management processes, allocating responsibilities for risk oversight, and fostering an appropriate culture of integrity and compliance with legal responsibilities. The directors exercise direct oversight of strategic risks to the Company.

 

Board of Directors Meetings

 

During the fiscal year that ended on February 28, 2018, the Board took all actions via the unanimous written consent of the Board of Directors; provided that the Board did confer on a regular, frequent and informal basis throughout the year. All directors attended at least 75% of the Board of Directors meetings during FYE February 28, 2018.

 

Stockholder Communications with the Board

 

In connection with all other matters other than the nomination of members of our Board of Directors (as described above), our stockholders and other interested parties may communicate with members of the Board of Directors by submitting such communications in writing to our Secretary, 2893 Executive Park Drive, Suite 201, Weston, Florida 33331, who, upon receipt of any communication other than one that is clearly marked “Confidential,” will note the date the communication was received, open the communication, make a copy of it for our files and promptly forward the communication to the director(s) to whom it is addressed. Upon receipt of any communication that is clearly marked “Confidential,” our Secretary will not open the communication, but will note the date the communication was received and promptly forward the communication to the director(s) to whom it is addressed. If the correspondence is not addressed to any particular member of the Board of Directors, the communication will be forwarded to a Board member to bring to the attention of the Board.

 

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Code of Ethics

 

We maintain a Code of Ethics and Code of Business Conduct, which are applicable to all of our directors, officers and employees. These codes set forth ethical standards to which these persons must adhere and other aspects of accounting, auditing and financial compliance, as applicable. We undertake to provide a printed copy of these codes free of charge to any person who requests. Any such request should be sent to our principal executive offices attention: Chief Operating Officer.

 

We intend to disclose any amendments to our Code of Ethics and Code of Business Conduct and any waivers with respect to our Code of Ethics and Code of Business Conduct granted to our principal executive officer, our principal financial officer, or any of our other employees performing similar functions on our website at www.monakergroup.com, within four business days after the amendment or waiver. In such case, the disclosure regarding the amendment or waiver will remain available on our website for at least 12 months after the initial disclosure. There have been no waivers granted with respect to our Code of Ethics and Code of Business Conduct to any such officers or employees to date.

 

Whistleblower Protection Policy

 

On April 18, 2017, the Company adopted a Whistleblower Protection Policy (“Whistleblower Policy”) that applies to all of its directors, officers, employees, consultants, contractors and agents of the Company. The Whistleblower Policy has been reviewed and approved by the Board.

 

COMPLIANCE WITH SECTION 16(a) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires our directors and officers, and persons who beneficially own more than 10% of a registered class of the Registrant’s equity securities, to file reports of beneficial ownership and changes in beneficial ownership of our securities with the SEC on Forms 3, 4 and 5. Officers, directors and greater than 10% stockholders are required by SEC regulation to furnish us with copies of all Section 16(a) forms they file.

 

Based solely upon our review of the Section 16(a) filings that have been furnished to us and representations by our directors and executive officers (where applicable), we believe that during FYE February 28, 2018, that no director, executive officer, or beneficial owner of more than 10% of our common stock failed to file a report on a timely basis, except for: Donald P. Monaco, our director, who inadvertently failed to timely disclose six transactions on Form 4; Robert J. Post, our director, who inadvertently failed to timely disclose four transactions on Form 4; Omar Jimenez, our Chief Financial Officer, Chief Operating Officer and director, who inadvertently failed to timely disclose one transaction on Form 4; William Kerby, our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman, who inadvertently failed to timely disclose four transactions on Form 4; Pat LaVecchia, our director, who inadvertently failed to timely disclose four transactions on Form 4; Simon Orange, our director, who inadvertently failed to timely disclose three transaction on Form 4; and Pacific Grove, a greater than 10% shareholder of the Company, which failed to timely disclose its initial ownership on Form 3 and failed to timely disclose two transactions on Form 4.

 

Pursuant to SEC rules, we are not required to disclose in this filing any failure to timely file a Section 16(a) report that has been disclosed by us in a prior annual report or proxy statement.

 

Item 11. Executive Compensation

 

DIRECTOR AND OFFICER COMPENSATION

 

The following table sets forth certain information concerning compensation earned by or paid to certain persons who we refer to as our “Named Executive Officers” for services provided for the fiscal years ended February 28, 2018 and February 28, 2017 (Fiscal 2018 and Fiscal 2017, respectively). Our Named Executive Officers include persons who (i) served as our principal executive officer or acted in a similar capacity during Fiscal 2018 and 2017, (ii) were serving at fiscal year-end as our two most highly compensated executive officers, other than the principal executive officer, whose total compensation exceeded $100,000, and (iii) if applicable, up to two additional individuals for whom disclosure would have been provided as a most highly compensated executive officer, but for the fact that the individual was not serving as an executive officer at fiscal year-end.

 

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Name and
Principal
Position
  Fiscal
Year
Ended
   Salary   Bonus  

 

 

Stock

Awards (a)

  

 

 Option

Awards

   Non-Equity Inventive Plan Compensation   Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Earnings  

 

 All Other

Compensation

   Total 
William Kerby, CEO and
Chairman of the Board (1),
(3), (5), (6)
  2018   $375,100   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $39,600   $414,700 
   2017   $306,250   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $39,600   $345,850 
Omar Jimenez, CFO, COO
and Director (2), (4)
  2018   $325,643   $70,000(8)  $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $395,643 
   2017   $231,250   $40,000(8)  $250,000(7)  $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $521,250 

 

(a)The value of the Stock Awards in the table above was calculated based on the fair value of such securities calculated in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification Topic 718.
(1)William Kerby is the CEO and Chairman of the Company. Mr. Kerby has been CEO since the inception of the Company.
(2)Omar Jimenez was hired as CFO and COO of the Company on January 21, 2016.
(3)William Kerby currently receives an annual base salary of $375,000.
(4)Omar Jimenez currently receives a base salary of $325,000.
(5)William Kerby receives additional compensation in the form of a Car Allowance in the amount of $1,200 per month.
(6)William Kerby receives additional compensation in the form of a Merchant Banking Guarantee in the amount of $2,100 per month.
(7)On April 19, 2017, we issued Omar Jimenez, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, Chief Operating Officer and director, 40,000 shares of restricted common stock valued at $250,000 or $6.25 per share as bonus compensation for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2017.
(8)As of February 28, 2018, Omar Jimenez has accrued an unpaid contractual bonus of $170,000 of which $70,000 was accrued for the year ended February 28, 2018; $40,000 was accrued for the year ended February 28, 2017; and $60,000 was accrued for periods prior to February 28, 2017, each pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement.

 

Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End

 

None.

 

Employment Agreements

 

We have the following employment contracts in place with our Named Executive Officers:

 

William Kerby

 

William Kerby entered into an employment agreement, dated October 15, 2006, with the Company. Pursuant to this employment agreement, Mr. Kerby is employed as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer at an annual base salary of $375,000 per year. He may also, as determined by the Board of Directors, receive a year-end performance bonus. The initial term of the agreement commenced October 15, 2006, with automatic renewal periods of four years each, which automatically renewed on October 15, 2010 and October 15, 2014, and is currently in place until October 14, 2018.

 

In the event the agreement is terminated by the Company with notice of non-renewal, the Company is required to pay Mr. Kerby all salary earned up until the date of termination, plus three months’ severance. The Agreement is also terminated upon the death or disability (i.e., he is unable to perform duties for a period of 120 days out of any 180 day period) of Mr. Kerby, and can be terminated by the Company for cause (gross negligence, willful misconduct, willful nonfeasance, material breach, conviction following final disposition of any available appeal of a felony or pleading guilty to or no contest to any felony) or without cause, and by Mr. Kerby for good reason (i.e., in the event the Company breaches any term of the agreement) or for no reason. In the event Mr. Kerby’s employment is terminated due to Mr. Kerby’s death, the Company is required to continue to pay his salary to his estate for a period of six months. In the event Mr. Kerby’s employment is terminated due to Mr. Kerby’s disability, the Company is required to continue to pay Mr. Kerby’s salary for the greater of two years or the period until disability insurance benefits furnished by the Company, if any, begin. In the event Mr. Kerby terminates his employment for good reason or the Company terminates his employment without cause, the Company is required to continue to pay Mr. Kerby’s salary and benefits for the remainder of the then term. In the event the Company terminates his employment for cause, Mr. Kerby is due his salary through the termination date. The agreement includes non-solicitation and non-competition clauses, prohibiting him from soliciting customers and clients of the Company or otherwise interfering with the Company’s employees for a period of six months from the date of termination, and prohibiting him from competing against the Company anywhere in the United States, for a period of three months from the date of termination, respectively, provided that the non-competition provision is voided in the event of the non-renewal of the agreement, in the event Mr. Kerby terminates his employment for good reason, in the event the Company terminates the agreement other than for cause, and certain other reasons described in greater detail in the agreement.

 

Omar Jimenez

 

Omar Jimenez has an employment agreement, dated January 21, 2016, with the Company. Mr. Jimenez is employed as the Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer of the Company. The employment agreement provides that Mr. Jimenez receives a base salary for such services at an annual rate of $325,000 per year, and is eligible for cash or common stock bonuses at the discretion of the board of directors. If the agreement is terminated by Mr. Jimenez for good reason (as defined in the agreement) or by the Company without cause, and other than due to Mr. Jimenez’s death or disability, Mr. Jimenez is due two calendar months of severance pay; if the agreement is terminated due to Mr. Jimenez’s disability, Mr. Jimenez, is due compensation through the remainder of the month during which he was terminated. The agreement includes a one year non-solicitation and non-competition clause following the date of the termination of the agreement, which non-competition clause prohibits him (without the prior written consent of the Company which consent will not be unreasonably withheld) from directly or through another person or another entity carrying on or being engaged in any business within North America which is competitive with the business of the Company, however that the non-compete shall terminate in the event of a termination of employment by Mr. Jimenez for good reason or a termination by the Company other than for cause or disability.

 

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STOCK OPTION PLAN

 

Other than the 2017 Equity Incentive Plan, described above under “Part II” – “Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities” - “Equity Incentive Plan”, the Company has no Stock Option or Incentive Plans.

 

DIRECTOR COMPENSATION TABLE

 

The following table sets forth information concerning the total compensation that we have paid or that has accrued on behalf of our non-executive directors during the fiscal year ended February 28, 2018. Our executive directors do not receive compensation for their service on the Board of Directors separate from the compensation they receive as an executive officer of the Company, as described above.

 

Name 

Fiscal

Year

  

Fees

Earned

  

Stock

Awards

  

Option

Awards

  

Non

Equity

Incentive

Plan Comp

  

Non

Qualified

Deferred Comp

   All other Compensation   Total  
Pat LaVecchia,
Director
  2018   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0- 
                                        
Donald P. Monaco, Director  2018   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0- 
                                        

Doug Checkeris,

Director

  2018   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0- 
                                        

Simon Orange,

Director

  2018   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0- 
                                        

Robert J. Post,

Director

  2018   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0-   $-0- 

 

A formalized Director Compensation plan has not been approved as of the date of this filing.

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

The following table sets forth certain information regarding the beneficial ownership of our common stock (there are currently no shares of preferred stock issued or outstanding) as of the date of this Annual Report by (i) each Named Executive Officer, (ii) each member of our Board of Directors, (iii) each person deemed to be the beneficial owner of more than five percent (5%) of any class of our capital stock, and (iv) all of our executive officers and directors as a group. Unless otherwise indicated, each person named in the following table is assumed to have sole voting power and investment power with respect to all shares of our common stock listed as owned by such person. The address of each person is deemed to be the address of the Company unless otherwise noted.

 

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC and includes voting and/or investing power with respect to securities. These rules generally provide that shares of common stock subject to options, warrants or other convertible securities that are currently exercisable or convertible, or exercisable or convertible within 60 days of June, 2018, are deemed to be outstanding and to be beneficially owned by the person or group holding such options, warrants or other convertible securities for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of such person or group, but are not treated as outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person or group.

 

To our knowledge, except as indicated in the footnotes to this table and pursuant to applicable community property laws, (a) the persons named in the table have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of common stock shown as beneficially owned by them, subject to applicable community property laws; and (b) no person owns more than 5% of our common stock. Unless otherwise indicated, the address for each of the officers or directors listed in the table below is 2893 Executive Park Drive, Suite 201, Weston, Florida 33331.

 

 

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Name of Beneficial Owner 

Shares of Common Stock

Beneficially Owned (a)

  

Percent of

Common Stock

Outstanding (1)

Executive Officers and Directors        
William Kerby  703,360 (3)(4)  8.6%
Omar Jimenez  40,000    *
Donald P. Monaco  1,681,534 (5)  20.1%
Pat LaVecchia  55,982    *
Doug Checkeris  40,000    *
Simon Orange  286,307 (6)  3.5%
Robert J. Post  53,815 (7)  *
All Named Executive Officers and Directors as a Group (7 persons)  2,860,998    34.4%
         
5% Stockholders        
         
Mark Wilton (8)  917,396 (4)  11.3%
Pacific Grove Master Fund LP (9)  996,306    12.2%

    

* Less than 1%.

 

(a)Includes options, warrants and convertible securities exercisable or convertible for common stock within 60 days of June 13, 2018.

 

(1)Based on 8,145,266 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

(2)Based on 8,145,266 total voting shares.

 

(3)William Kerby holds 608,074 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 15,300 shares of common stock of the Company individually. Mr. Kerby is deemed to own 80,000 shares held by In-Room Retail Systems, LLC, which entity he owns.

 

(4)On August 24, 2017, and effective on August 22, 2017, we entered into a Debt Conversion and Voting Agreement with Mark A. Wilton, pursuant to the Debt Conversion and Voting Agreement, Mr. Wilton agreed to vote (and provided William Kerby, our Chief Executive Officer, and any other individual who is designated by us in the future, a proxy to vote), all of the voting shares held by him, in favor of any proposals recommended by the Board of Directors of the Company (the “Wilton Voting Rights”). The Wilton Voting Rights are not included in Mr. Kerby’s beneficial ownership as described in the table above as such voting rights only apply when, and if, the Board of Directors adopts a proposal and recommends Mr. Wilton vote to approve such proposal. The shares of common stock subject to the Wilton Voting Rights are included in Mr. Wilton’s beneficial ownership as reported above.

 

(5)Donald P. Monaco beneficially owns (i) 823,525 shares of common stock owned by the Donald P. Monaco Insurance Trust (the “Trust”), and (ii) 822,302 shares are beneficially owned by Monaco Investment Partners II, LP (“MI Partners”). Mr. Monaco also beneficially owns warrants to purchase 35,750 shares of common stock of the Company owned by the Trust. Mr. Monaco is the managing general partner of MI Partners and trustee of the Trust. Mr. Monaco disclaims beneficial ownership of all shares held by the Trust and MI Partners in excess of his pecuniary interest, if any.

 

(6)Simon Orange holds 16,000 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 8,000 shares of common stock of the Company individually. Mr. Orange is deemed to own 186,608 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 75,750 shares of common stock of the Company held by Charcoal Investment LTD, which entity he owns.

 

(7)Robert Post beneficially owns 25,129 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 28,650 shares of common stock held by the Robert Post 2007 Revocable Trust (the “Trust”). Mr. Post is trustee of the trust. Mr. Post disclaims beneficial ownership of all shares held by the Trust in excess of his pecuniary interest, if any.

 

(8)Address: 1314 E. Las Olas Blvd Apt #45, Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33301.

 

(9)Robert James Mendola, Jr. (“Mr. Mendola”), serves as a Manager of Pacific Grove Capital LLC (“Pacific LLC”), Pacific Grove Capital GP LLC (“Pacific GP”), and the portfolio manager of Pacific Grove Master Fund LP (the “Master Fund”), Pacific Grove Partners LP (“Pacific Partnership”), and Pacific Grove International Ltd. (the “Fund”). The address of the principal office of each of the entities described in this Footnote 9 (with the exception of the Master Fund and Fund) is 580 California Street, Suite 1925, San Francisco, CA 94104. The principal business office of the Master Fund and Fund is located at c/o Walkers Corporate Limited, Cayman Corporate Centre, 27 Hospital Road, George Town, Grand Cayman KY1-9008, Cayman Islands. Mr. Mendola, due to his status as the Manager of Pacific LLC, Pacific GP, and portfolio manager of the Master Fund, the Fund and Pacific Partnership, is deemed to be the beneficial owner of the securities held by the Master Fund. Pacific GP is the general partner of the Master Fund and Pacific Grove Capital LP (“PGC”) is the investment adviser of the Master Fund, the Fund and Pacific Partnership pursuant to agreements that provide Pacific GP and/or PGC the authority, among other things, to invest their assets in the shares held in the Company, to vote and dispose of the shares held in the Company and other things. Pursuant to such agreements, PGC is entitled to allocations or other compensation based on the Master Fund’s realized and unrealized gains. The Master Fund holds the shares held in the Company directly, and each of the Fund and the Partnership holds its proportionate share of the shares held in the Company indirectly, for the benefit of its investors. The information set forth in this footnote 9 is based solely on information filed by Mr. Mendola and his related entities with the SEC on (i) Schedule 13D/A on January 26, 2018 and (ii) Form 4 on March 5, 2018, which information the Company has not independently confirmed.

 

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Changes in Control

 

We are not aware of any arrangements that may result in “changes in control” as that term is defined by the provisions of Item 403(c) of Regulation S- K.

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

 

Except as discussed below or otherwise disclosed above under “Director and Officer Compensation” (see above Item 11. Executive Compensation), which information is incorporated by reference where applicable in this “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence” section, the following sets forth a summary of all transactions since the beginning of the fiscal year of 2017, or any currently proposed transaction, in which the Company was to be a participant and the amount involved exceeded or exceeds the lesser of $120,000 or one percent of the average of the Company’s total assets at the fiscal year-end for 2018 and 2017, and in which any Related Person had or will have a direct or indirect material interest (other than compensation described under “Director and Officer Compensation”). We believe the terms obtained or consideration that we paid or received, as applicable, in connection with the transactions described below were comparable to terms available or the amounts that would be paid or received, as applicable, in arm’s-length transactions. “Related Persons” include each of our “Named Executive Officers” as defined under “Item 11. Executive Compensation” (see above), each person who was serving on our Board of Directors as of the date that the related party transaction occurred, Mark Wilton, his related entities and immediate family members, who is a greater than 10% shareholder of the Company, Stephen Romsdahl, his related entities and immediate family members, through August 11, 2017, the date that he ceased being a greater than 5% shareholder of the Company and Pacific Grove Master Fund LP, its related entities, commencing on August 11, 2017, the date it became a greater than 5% shareholder of the Company.

 

On March 15, 2016, Stephen Romsdahl, a then greater than 5% stockholder of the Company, subscribed for $120,000 of units (19,200 total units) in our offering of up to $400,000 of units of the Company, each comprised of 1 share of common stock and 2 Special Exchange warrants to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $0.625 per share.

 

On March 17, 2016, Mark Wilton, a greater than 5% stockholder of the Company, subscribed for $60,000 of units (9,600 total units) in our offering of up to $400,000 units of the Company, each comprised of 1 share of common stock and 2 Special Exchange warrants to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $0.625 per share.

 

Messrs. Donald P. Monaco, Pat LaVecchia, Douglas Checkeris and William Kerby who represented all of the then members of the Board of Directors of the Company, resigned as directors of RealBiz Media Group, Inc. (“RealBiz”), the Company’s former consolidated subsidiary, effective Monday April 11, 2016.

 

On April 17, 2016, Monaco Investment Partners II, L.P, of which Donald Monaco is the managing general partner and a Director of the Company, exercised warrants to purchase 80,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $3.75 per share.

 

On May 3, 2016, Monaco Investment Partners II, L.P, of which Donald Monaco is the managing general partner and a Director of the Company, exercised warrants to purchase 120,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $3.75 per share.

 

On May 31, 2016, the Company received $90,000 in proceeds from the Donald P. Monaco Insurance Trust (whose trustee is Donald Monaco a director of Monaker) and issued 24,000 common shares in connection with a partial warrant exercise for $3.75 per share.

 

On June 2, 2016, the Company borrowed three hundred thousand dollars ($300,000) from the Donald P. Monaco Insurance Trust (“Trust”), which was evidenced by a Promissory Note (“Note”) in the principal amount of three hundred thousand dollars ($300,000), which accrues interest at the rate of 6% per annum (12% upon the occurrence of an event of default). All principal, interest and other sums due under the Note were due and payable on the earlier of (a) the date the operations of NextTrip.com generate net revenues equal to $300,000; (b) the date the Company entered into an alternate financing in excess of $300,000; or (c) August 1, 2016. The Note contained standard and customary events of default. Donald P. Monaco, a member of our Board of Directors, is the trustee of the Trust. This Note could be prepaid in whole or in part at any time, without penalty or premium.

 

On June 15, 2016, we entered into a revolving line of credit agreement with Republic Bank, Inc. of Duluth, Minnesota, in the maximum amount of $1,000,000. Amounts borrowed under the line of credit accrue interest at the Wall Street Journal U.S. Prime Rate plus 1% (updated daily until maturity), payable monthly in arrears beginning on July 15, 2016. Any amounts borrowed under the line of credit were due on June 15, 2017 (since extended as discussed below). Amounts borrowed under the line of credit are planned to be used for marketing initiatives, working capital and to repay $300,000 previously borrowed from the Trust as discussed above. The loan contains standard and customary events of default. On June 16, 2016, we borrowed $450,000 under the line of credit.

 

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On July 8, 2016, Stephen Romsdahl, a then greater than 5% stockholder of the Company, exercised warrants to purchase 38,400 shares of common stock which had an exercise price of $0.625 per share for an aggregate of $24,000.

 

On August 23, 2016, Pat LaVecchia, our director, converted 1,000 shares of Series D Preferred Stock into shares of common stock in connection with a special exchange conversion whereby Series D Preferred Stock stockholders were offered a special conversion rate of $6.25 per share of the Company’s common stock, provided accrued dividends were waived (instead of the stated $12.50 conversion price), into 800 shares of common stock at $6.25 per share, valued at $5,000.

 

Effective September 8, 2016, the Company sold 55,200 units, each consisting of one share of common stock and one warrant to purchase one share of common stock (the “Units”), to Charcoal Investments Ltd. (“Charcoal”), which entity is owned by Simon Orange, who became a member of the Board of Directors of the Company on January 5, 2017, in consideration for $345,000 or $6.25 per unit. The warrants were evidenced by a Warrant to Purchase Common Stock (the “Charcoal Warrants”), had an exercise price of $6.25 per share and an expiration date of September 7, 2017.

 

Also on September 8, 2016, the Company entered into a consulting agreement with Mr. Orange, pursuant to which Mr. Orange agreed to provide the Company consulting services by aiding the Company in financial, organizational and developmental advice during a twelve month period. In connection with assisting with a $750,000 private offering of units (pursuant to which Charcoal subscribed for units as described above), Mr. Orange received compensation consisting of cash, shares and warrants. This consult