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EX-10.1 - EX-10.1 - Public Storagepsa-20180331xex10_1.htm
EX-32 - EX-32 - Public Storagepsa-20180331xex32.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - Public Storagepsa-20180331xex31_2.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - Public Storagepsa-20180331xex31_1.htm
EX-12 - EX-12 - Public Storagepsa-20180331xex12.htm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C.  20549

FORM 10-Q

[X]Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018

or

[   ]Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from ____________ to ____________.

Commission File Number:  001-33519

PUBLIC STORAGE
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)



 

Maryland

95-3551121

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)



 

701 Western Avenue, Glendale, California

91201-2349

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (818) 244-8080.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for at least the past 90 days.

[X]  Yes  [   ]  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

[X]  Yes  [   ]  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.



 

 

 

 

Large accelerated
filer

Accelerated
filer

Non-accelerated
filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

[X]

[   ]

[   ]

[   ]

[   ]

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [   ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

[   ]  Yes  [X]  No

Indicate the number of the registrant’s outstanding common shares of beneficial interest, as of May 1, 2018:

Common Shares of beneficial interest, $.10 par value per share – 174,229,383 shares

 

 


 

PUBLIC STORAGE



INDEX







 

 

PART I

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Pages



 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 



 

 



Balance Sheets at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017



 

 



Statements of Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017



 

 



Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended
March 31, 2018 and 2017



 

 



Statement of Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018



 

 



Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017

5-6 



 

 



Condensed Notes to Financial Statements

7-25 



 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operations

26-50 



 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

50 



 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

51 



 

 

PART II

OTHER INFORMATION (Items 3, 4 and 5 are not applicable)

 



 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

52 



 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

52 



 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

52 



 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

52 



 

 



 



 

 

 


 

 

PUBLIC STORAGE

BALANCE SHEETS

(Amounts in thousands, except share data)





 

 

 

 

 



March 31,

 

December 31,



2018

 

2017

ASSETS

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

Cash and equivalents

$

363,030 

 

$

433,376 

Real estate facilities, at cost:

 

 

 

 

 

Land

 

3,959,870 

 

 

3,947,123 

Buildings

 

10,806,814 

 

 

10,718,866 



 

14,766,684 

 

 

14,665,989 

Accumulated depreciation

 

(5,811,286)

 

 

(5,700,331)



 

8,955,398 

 

 

8,965,658 

Construction in process

 

279,624 

 

 

264,441 



 

9,235,022 

 

 

9,230,099 



 

 

 

 

 

Investments in unconsolidated real estate entities

 

746,254 

 

 

724,173 

Goodwill and other intangible assets, net

 

210,733 

 

 

214,957 

Other assets

 

130,481 

 

 

130,287 

Total assets

$

10,685,520 

 

$

10,732,892 



 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

Notes payable

$

1,442,911 

 

$

1,431,322 

Accrued and other liabilities

 

326,819 

 

 

337,201 

    Total liabilities

 

1,769,730 

 

 

1,768,523 



 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Public Storage shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred Shares, $0.01 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized,

 

 

 

 

 

161,000 shares issued (in series) and outstanding, (161,000 at

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2017), at liquidation preference

 

4,025,000 

 

 

4,025,000 

Common Shares, $0.10 par value, 650,000,000 shares authorized,

 

 

 

 

 

173,927,759 shares issued and outstanding  (173,853,370 shares at

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2017)

 

17,393 

 

 

17,385 

Paid-in capital

 

5,655,267 

 

 

5,648,399 

Accumulated deficit

 

(735,806)

 

 

(675,711)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(70,851)

 

 

(75,064)

Total Public Storage shareholders’ equity

 

8,891,003 

 

 

8,940,009 

Noncontrolling interests

 

24,787 

 

 

24,360 

  Total equity

 

8,915,790 

 

 

8,964,369 

Total liabilities and equity

$

10,685,520 

 

$

10,732,892 

 

 

See accompanying notes.

1

 


 

 

PUBLIC STORAGE

STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)





 

 

 

 

 



For the Three Months Ended March 31,



2018

 

2017



 

 

 

 

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

Self-storage facilities

$

631,537 

 

$

607,778 

Ancillary operations

 

38,387 

 

 

37,769 



 

669,924 

 

 

645,547 



 

 

 

 

 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

Self-storage cost of operations

 

182,187 

 

 

171,978 

Ancillary cost of operations

 

10,640 

 

 

10,924 

Depreciation and amortization

 

117,979 

 

 

110,929 

General and administrative

 

31,520 

 

 

25,028 



 

342,326 

 

 

318,859 



 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

327,598 

 

 

326,688 

Interest and other income

 

5,544 

 

 

3,998 

Interest expense

 

(8,107)

 

 

(1,048)

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated real estate entities

 

30,795 

 

 

19,949 

Foreign currency exchange loss

 

(11,818)

 

 

(5,566)

Gain on sale of real estate

 

424 

 

 

 -

Net income

 

344,436 

 

 

344,021 

Allocation to noncontrolling interests

 

(1,439)

 

 

(1,579)

Net income allocable to Public Storage shareholders

 

342,997 

 

 

342,442 

Allocation of net income to:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred shareholders - distributions

 

(54,081)

 

 

(60,121)

Restricted share units 

 

(1,097)

 

 

(1,190)

Net income allocable to common shareholders

$

287,819 

 

$

281,131 

Net income per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

1.66 

 

$

1.62 

Diluted

$

1.65 

 

$

1.62 



 

 

 

 

 

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

 

173,892 

 

 

173,364 

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

 

174,148 

 

 

174,069 



 

 

 

 

 



 

 

See accompanying notes.

2

 


 

 

PUBLIC STORAGE

STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Amounts in thousands)

(Unaudited)





 

 

 

 

 



For the Three Months Ended March 31,



2018

 

2017



 

 

 

 

 

Net income

$

344,436 

 

$

344,021 

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

Aggregate foreign currency exchange loss

 

(7,605)

 

 

(2,685)

Adjust for aggregate foreign currency exchange

 

 

 

 

 

loss included in net income

 

11,818 

 

 

5,566 

Other comprehensive income

 

4,213 

 

 

2,881 

Total comprehensive income

 

348,649 

 

 

346,902 

Allocation to noncontrolling interests

 

(1,439)

 

 

(1,579)

Comprehensive income allocable to

 

 

 

 

 

Public Storage shareholders

$

347,210 

 

$

345,323 



 



 

 

See accompanying notes.

3

 


 

 

 PUBLIC STORAGE

STATEMENT OF EQUITY

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 



Cumulative

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

Public Storage

 

 

 

 

 



Preferred

 

Common

 

Paid-in

 

Accumulated

 

Comprehensive

 

Shareholders’

 

Noncontrolling

 

Total



Shares

 

Shares

 

Capital

 

Deficit

 

Loss

 

Equity

 

Interests

 

Equity

Balances at December 31, 2017

$

4,025,000 

 

$

17,385 

 

$

5,648,399 

 

$

(675,711)

 

$

(75,064)

 

$

8,940,009 

 

$

24,360 

 

$

8,964,369 

Issuance of common shares in connection with

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

share-based compensation (74,389 shares) (Note 10)

 -

 

 

 

 

959 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

967 

 

 

 -

 

 

967 

Share-based compensation expense, net of cash

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

paid in lieu of common shares (Note 10)

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

5,909 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

5,909 

 

 

 -

 

 

5,909 

Contributions by noncontrolling interests

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

703 

 

 

703 

Net income

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

344,436 

 

 

 -

 

 

344,436 

 

 

 -

 

 

344,436 

Net income allocated to noncontrolling interests

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(1,439)

 

 

 -

 

 

(1,439)

 

 

1,439 

 

 

 -

Distributions to equity holders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred shares (Note 8)

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(54,081)

 

 

 -

 

 

(54,081)

 

 

 -

 

 

(54,081)

Noncontrolling interests

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(1,715)

 

 

(1,715)

Common shares and restricted share units

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

($2.00 per share)

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(349,011)

 

 

 -

 

 

(349,011)

 

 

 -

 

 

(349,011)

Other comprehensive income (Note 2)

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

4,213 

 

 

4,213 

 

 

 -

 

 

4,213 

Balances at March 31, 2018

$

4,025,000 

 

$

17,393 

 

$

5,655,267 

 

$

(735,806)

 

$

(70,851)

 

$

8,891,003 

 

$

24,787 

 

$

8,915,790 



 



 

 

See accompanying notes.

4

 


 

 

PUBLIC STORAGE

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Amounts in thousands)

(Unaudited)





 

 

 

 

 



For the Three Months Ended March 31,



2018

 

2017

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

$

344,436 

 

$

344,021 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash flows

 

 

 

 

 

from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Gain on real estate investment sales

 

(424)

 

 

 -

Depreciation and amortization

 

117,979 

 

 

110,929 

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated real estate entities

 

(30,795)

 

 

(19,949)

Distributions from retained earnings of unconsolidated

 

 

 

 

 

real estate entities

 

12,649 

 

 

13,252 

Foreign currency exchange loss

 

11,818 

 

 

5,566 

Share-based compensation expense

 

16,910 

 

 

8,897 

Other

 

(14,054)

 

 

(3,633)

Total adjustments

 

114,083 

 

 

115,062 

Net cash flows from operating activities

 

458,519 

 

 

459,083 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures to maintain real estate facilities 

 

(23,608)

 

 

(24,373)

Construction in process

 

(75,215)

 

 

(70,964)

Acquisition of real estate facilities and intangible assets

(18,024)

 

 

(22,784)

Proceeds from sale of real estate investments

 

1,947 

 

 

 -

Net cash flows from investing activities

 

(114,900)

 

 

(118,121)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Repayments on notes payable

 

(440)

 

 

(420)

Issuance of common shares

 

967 

 

 

18,034 

Cash paid upon vesting of restricted share units

 

(10,069)

 

 

(11,605)

Acquisition of noncontrolling interests

 

 -

 

 

(134)

Contributions by noncontrolling interests

 

703 

 

 

692 

Distributions paid to Public Storage shareholders

 

(403,092)

 

 

(408,334)

Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests

 

(1,715)

 

 

(2,021)

Net cash flows from financing activities

 

(413,646)

 

 

(403,788)

Net cash flows from operating, investing, and financing activities

 

(70,027)

 

 

(62,826)

Net effect of foreign exchange translation

 

(25)

 

 

17 

Decrease in cash, equivalents, and restricted cash

$

(70,052)

 

$

(62,809)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash, equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of the period:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and equivalents

$

433,376 

 

$

183,688 

Restricted cash included in other assets

 

22,677 

 

 

28,885 



$

456,053 

 

$

212,573 



 

 

 

 

 

Cash, equivalents, and restricted cash at end of the period:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and equivalents

$

363,030 

 

$

120,859 

Restricted cash included in other assets

 

22,971 

 

 

28,905 



$

386,001 

 

$

149,764 



 

 

 

 

 


See accompanying notes.

5

 


 

 

PUBLIC STORAGE

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Amounts in thousands)

(Unaudited)







 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



For the Three Months Ended March 31,



2018

 

2017

Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and

 

 

 

 

 

financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment:

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate facilities, net of accumulated depreciation

$

(256)

 

$

(45)

Investments in unconsolidated real estate entities

 

(3,935)

 

 

(2,792)

Notes payable

 

11,771 

 

 

5,539 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(7,605)

 

 

(2,685)



 

 

 

 

 

Accrued development costs and capital expenditures:

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures to maintain real estate facilities 

 

(736)

 

 

(2,677)

Construction in process

 

35 

 

 

7,137 

Accrued and other liabilities

 

701 

 

 

(4,460)



 



 

See accompanying notes.

6

 


 

PUBLIC STORAGE

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 

1.Description of the Business

Public Storage (referred to herein as “the Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”), a Maryland real estate investment trust (“REIT”), was organized in 1980.  Our principal business activities include the ownership and operation of self-storage facilities which offer storage spaces for lease, generally on a month-to-month basis, for personal and business use, ancillary activities such as merchandise sales and tenant reinsurance to the tenants at our self-storage facilities, as well as the acquisition and development of additional self-storage space. 

At March 31, 2018, we have direct and indirect equity interests in 2,392 self-storage facilities (with approximately 159 million net rentable square feet) located in 38 states in the United States (“U.S.”) operating under the “Public Storage” name.  We also own one self-storage facility in London, England and we have a 49% interest in Shurgard Europe, which owns 222 self-storage facilities (with approximately 12 million net rentable square feet) located in seven Western European countries, all operating under the “Shurgard” name.  We also have direct and indirect equity interests in approximately 29 million net rentable square feet of commercial space located in seven states in the U.S. primarily owned and operated by PS Business Parks, Inc. (“PSB”) under the “PS Business Parks” name.  At March 31, 2018, we have an approximate 42% common equity interest in PSB.

Disclosures of the number and square footage of facilities, as well as the number and coverage of tenant reinsurance policies (Note 12) are unaudited and outside the scope of our independent registered public accounting firm’s review of our financial statements in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (U.S.). 

2.Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

We have prepared the accompanying interim financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) as set forth in the Accounting Standards Codification of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB), and in conformity with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).  In our opinion, the interim financial statements presented herein reflect all adjustments, of a normal recurring nature, that are necessary to fairly present the interim financial statements.  Because they do not include all of the disclosures required by GAAP for complete annual financial statements, these interim financial statements should be read together with the audited financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.  

Consolidation and Equity Method of Accounting

We consider entities to be Variable Interest Entities (“VIEs”) when they have insufficient equity to finance their activities without additional subordinated financial support provided by other parties, or the equity holders as a group do not have a controlling financial interest.  We consolidate VIEs when we have (i) the power to direct the activities most significantly impacting economic performance, and (ii) either the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from the VIE.  We have no involvement with any material VIEs.  We consolidate all other entities when we control them through voting shares or contractual rights.  The entities we consolidate, for the period in which the reference applies, are referred to collectively as the “Subsidiaries,” and we eliminate intercompany transactions and balances. 

We account for our investments in entities that we do not consolidate but have significant influence over using the equity method of accounting.  These entities, for the periods in which the reference applies, are referred to collectively as the “Unconsolidated Real Estate Entities”, eliminating intra-entity profits and losses and amortizing any differences between the cost of our investment and the underlying equity in net assets against

 

7

 


 

PUBLIC STORAGE

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 

equity in earnings as if the Unconsolidated Real Estate Entity were a consolidated subsidiary.  Equity in earnings of unconsolidated real estate entities represents our pro-rata share of the earnings of the Unconsolidated Real Estate Entities. 

When we begin consolidating an entity owning primarily self-storage facilities, we reflect our preexisting equity interest at book value.  All changes in consolidation status are reflected prospectively.

Collectively, at March 31, 2018, the Company and the Subsidiaries own 2,392 self-storage facilities in the U.S., one self-storage facility in London, England and three commercial facilities in the U.S.  At March 31, 2018, the Unconsolidated Real Estate Entities are comprised of PSB and Shurgard Europe.  

Use of Estimates

The financial statements and accompanying notes reflect our estimates and assumptions.  Actual results could differ from those estimates and assumptions.

Income Taxes

We have elected to be treated as a REIT, as defined in the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”).  As a REIT, we do not incur federal income tax if we distribute 100% of our REIT taxable income each year, and if we meet certain organizational and operational rules.  We believe we have met these REIT requirements for all periods presented herein.  Accordingly, we have recorded no federal income tax expense related to our REIT taxable income.

Our merchandise and tenant reinsurance operations are subject to corporate income tax and such taxes are included in ancillary cost of operations.  We also incur income and other taxes in certain states, which are included in general and administrative expense. 

We recognize tax benefits of uncertain income tax positions that are subject to audit only if we believe it is more likely than not that the position would ultimately be sustained assuming the relevant taxing authorities had full knowledge of the relevant facts and circumstances of our positions.  As of March 31, 2018, we had no tax benefits that were not recognized.

Real Estate Facilities

Real estate facilities are recorded at cost.  We capitalize all costs incurred to acquire, develop, construct, renovate and improve facilities, including interest and property taxes incurred during the construction periodWe allocate the net acquisition cost of acquired real estate facilities to the underlying land, buildings, and identified intangible assets based upon their respective individual estimated fair values. 

Costs associated with dispositions of real estate, as well as repairs and maintenance costs, are expensed as incurred.  We depreciate buildings and improvements on a straight-line basis over estimated useful lives ranging generally between 5 to 25 years.

Other Assets

Other assets primarily consist of rents receivable from our tenants, prepaid expenses and restricted cash.



 

8

 


 

PUBLIC STORAGE

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 

Accrued and Other Liabilities

Accrued and other liabilities consist primarily of rents prepaid by our tenants, trade payables, property tax accruals, accrued payroll, accrued tenant reinsurance losses, and contingent loss accruals when probable and estimable.  We believe the fair value of our accrued and other liabilities approximates book value, due to the short period until repayment.  We disclose the nature of significant unaccrued losses that are reasonably possible of occurring and, if estimable, a range of exposure.

Cash Equivalents, Marketable Securities and Other Financial Instruments

Cash equivalents represent highly liquid financial instruments such as money market funds with daily liquidity or short-term commercial paper or treasury securities maturing within three months of acquisition.  Cash and equivalents which are restricted from general corporate use are included in other assets.  We believe that the book value of all such financial instruments for all periods presented approximates fair value, due to the short period to maturity.

Fair Value

As used herein, the term “fair value” is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants.  Our estimates of fair value involve considerable judgment and are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that could be realized in current market exchanges.

We estimate the fair value of our cash and equivalents, marketable securities, other assets, debt, and other liabilities by discounting the related future cash flows at a rate based upon quoted interest rates for securities that have similar characteristics such as credit quality and time to maturity.  Such quoted interest rates are referred to generally as “Level 2” inputs.

Currency and Credit Risk

Financial instruments that are exposed to credit risk consist primarily of cash and equivalents, certain portions of other assets including rents receivable from our tenants and restricted cash.  Cash equivalents we invest in are either money market funds with a rating of at least AAA by Standard & Poor’s, commercial paper that is rated A1 by Standard & Poor’s or deposits with highly rated commercial banks.

At March 31, 2018, due primarily to our investment in Shurgard Europe (Note 4) and our notes payable denominated in Euros (Note 6), our operating results and financial position are affected by fluctuations in currency exchange rates between the Euro, and to a lesser extent, other European currencies, against the U.S. Dollar. 

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are comprised of goodwill, the “Shurgard” trade name, acquired customers in place, and leasehold interests in land.

Goodwill totaled $174.6 million at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.  The “Shurgard” trade name, which is used by Shurgard Europe pursuant to a fee-based licensing agreement, has a book value of $18.8 million at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.  Goodwill and the “Shurgard” trade name have indefinite lives and are not amortized.

Acquired customers in place and leasehold interests in land are finite-lived assets and are amortized relative to the benefit of the customers in place or the benefit to land lease expense to each period.  At March 31,

 

9

 


 

PUBLIC STORAGE

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 

2018, these intangibles had a net book value of $17.3 million ($21.5 million at December 31, 2017).  Accumulated amortization totaled $32.3 million at March 31, 2018 ($31.0 million at December 31, 2017), and amortization expense of $5.0 million and $4.6 million was recorded in the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.  The estimated future amortization expense for our finite-lived intangible assets at March 31, 2018 is approximately $8.2 million in the remainder of 2018, $3.6 million in 2019 and $5.5 million thereafter.  During the three months ended March 31, 2018, intangibles increased $0.8 million in connection with the acquisition of self-storage facilities (Note 3). 

Evaluation of Asset Impairment

We evaluate our real estate and finite-lived intangible assets for impairment each quarter.  If there are indicators of impairment and we determine that the asset is not recoverable from future undiscounted cash flows to be received through the asset’s remaining life (or, if earlier, the expected disposal date), we record an impairment charge to the extent the carrying amount exceeds the asset’s estimated fair value or net proceeds from expected disposal. 

We evaluate our investments in unconsolidated real estate entities for impairment on a quarterly basis.  We record an impairment charge to the extent the carrying amount exceeds estimated fair value, when we believe any such shortfall is other than temporary.  

We evaluate goodwill for impairment annually and whenever relevant events, circumstances and other related factors indicate that fair value of the related reporting unit may be less than the carrying amount.  If we determine that the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds the aggregate carrying amount, no impairment charge is recorded.  Otherwise, we record an impairment charge to the extent the carrying amount of the goodwill exceeds the amount that would be allocated to goodwill if the reporting unit were acquired for estimated fair value.  

We evaluate other indefinite-lived intangible assets, such as the “Shurgard” trade name for impairment at least annually and whenever relevant events, circumstances and other related factors indicate that the fair value is less than the carrying amount.  When we conclude that it is likely that the asset is not impaired, we do not record an impairment charge and no further analysis is performed.  Otherwise, we record an impairment charge to the extent the carrying amount exceeds the asset’s estimated fair value. 

No impairments were recorded in any of our evaluations for any period presented herein.

Casualty Loss

We record casualty losses for a) the book value of assets destroyed and b) incremental repair, clean-up, and other costs associated with the casualty.  Insurance proceeds are recorded as a reduction in casualty loss when all uncertainties of collection are satisfied. 

Revenue and Expense Recognition

Revenues from self-storage facilities, which are primarily composed of rental income earned pursuant to month-to-month leases, as well as associated late charges and administrative fees, are recognized as earned.  Promotional discounts reduce rental income over the promotional period, which is generally one month.  Ancillary revenues and interest and other income are recognized when earned.   

We accrue for property tax expense based upon actual amounts billed and, in some circumstances, estimates when bills or assessments have not been received from the taxing authorities.  If these estimates are

 

10

 


 

PUBLIC STORAGE

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 

incorrect, the timing and amount of expense recognition could be incorrect.  Cost of operations (including advertising expenditures), general and administrative expense, and interest expense are expensed as incurred. 

Foreign Currency Exchange Translation

The local currency (primarily the Euro) is the functional currency for our interests in foreign operations.  The related balance sheet amounts are translated into U.S. Dollars at the exchange rates at the respective financial statement date, while amounts on our statements of income are translated at the average exchange rates during the respective period.  When financial instruments denominated in a currency other than the U.S. Dollar are expected to be settled in cash in the foreseeable future, the impact of changes in the U.S. Dollar equivalent are reflected in current earnings.  The Euro was translated at exchange rates of approximately 1.232 U.S. Dollars per Euro at March 31, 2018 (1.198 at December 31, 2017), and average exchange rates of 1.229 and 1.065 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.  Cumulative translation adjustments, to the extent not included in cumulative net income, are included in equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).

Comprehensive Income

Total comprehensive income represents net income, adjusted for changes in other comprehensive income (loss) for the applicable period.  The aggregate foreign currency exchange gains and losses reflected on our statements of comprehensive income are comprised primarily of foreign currency exchange gains and losses on our investment in Shurgard Europe and our unsecured notes denominated in Euros.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Guidance

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which requires revenue to be based upon the consideration expected from customers for promised goods or servicesIn February 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-05, Clarifying the Scope of Asset Derecognition Guidance and Accounting for Partial Sales of Nonfinancial Assets, which provides guidance with respect to the sale of real estate facilities.  The new standards permit either the retrospective or cumulative effects transition method.  We adopted the new standards effective January 1, 2018 utilizing the modified retrospective transition method applied to open contracts.  The new standards did not have a material impact on our results of operations or financial condition, primarily because most of our revenue is from rental revenue from self-storage facilities, and included in self-storage facilities revenue on our statements of income, which the new standards do not address, and because we do not provide any material products and services to our customers or sell material amounts of our real estate facilities.   The remainder of our revenues are composed of elements that are either covered by the new standards but not impacted, or are not covered by the new standards.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, which amends the existing accounting standards for lease accounting, including requiring lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets and making targeted changes to lessor accounting.  The new standard, effective on January 1, 2019, requires a modified retrospective transition approach for all leases existing at, or entered into after, the date of initial application, with an option to use certain transition relief and allows for early adoption on January 1, 2016.   The Company is currently assessing the impact of the guidance on our financial statements.  However, we do not believe this standard will have a material impact on our results of operations or financial condition, because substantially all of our lease revenues are derived from month-to-month self-storage leases, and we do not have material amounts of lease expense.    

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Stock Compensation: Scope of Modification Accounting, to increase clarity and consistency of practice and reduce cost and complexity when modifying the terms of share-

 

11

 


 

PUBLIC STORAGE

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 

based awardsWe prospectively adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2018, with no material impact on our financial statements.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) - Restricted Cash, which primarily requires the statement of cash flows to explain not only the change in cash and equivalents, but also the change in restricted cash.  The standard is effective on January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted and requires the use of the retrospective transition method. The Company early adopted the new guidance during the fourth quarter of 2017 and, accordingly, net cash flows from investing activities increased by $20,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 as compared to the current presentation on the statement of cash flows.

Net Income per Common Share

Net income is allocated to (i) noncontrolling interests based upon their share of the net income of the Subsidiaries, (ii) preferred shareholders, to the extent redemption cost exceeds the related original net issuance proceeds (an “EITF D-42 allocation”), and (iii) the remaining net income is allocated to each of our equity securities based upon the dividends declared or accumulated during the period, combined with participation rights in undistributed earnings. 

Basic and diluted net income per common share are each calculated based upon net income allocable to common shareholders presented on the face of our income statement, divided by (i) in the case of basic net income per common share, weighted average common shares, and (ii) in the case of diluted income per share, weighted average common shares adjusted for the impact, if dilutive, of stock options outstanding (Note 10).  The following table reconciles from basic to diluted common shares outstanding (amounts in thousands):



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

For the three Months Ended March 31,



 

2018

 

2017



 

 

 

 

 

 



Weighted average common shares and equivalents

 

 

 

 

 



outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 



Basic weighted average common

 

 

 

 

 



shares outstanding

 

173,892 

 

 

173,364 



Net effect of dilutive stock options -

 

 

 

 

 



based on treasury stock method

 

256 

 

 

705 



Diluted weighted average common

 

 

 

 

 



shares outstanding

 

174,148 

 

 

174,069 







3.Real Estate Facilities



Activity in real estate facilities during the three months ended March 31, 2018 is as follows:  

 

12

 


 

PUBLIC STORAGE

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 







 

 

 



 

 



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31, 2018



 

(Amounts in thousands)



Operating facilities, at cost:

 

 



Beginning balance

$

14,665,989 



Capital expenditures to maintain real estate facilities

24,344 



Acquisitions

 

17,238 



Dispositions

 

(1,603)



Developed or redeveloped facilities opened for operation

59,997 



Impact of foreign exchange rate changes

 

719 



Ending balance

 

14,766,684 



Accumulated depreciation:

 

 



Beginning balance

 

(5,700,331)



Depreciation expense

 

(110,572)



Dispositions

 

80 



Impact of foreign exchange rate changes

 

(463)



Ending balance

 

(5,811,286)



Construction in process:

 

 



Beginning balance

 

264,441 



Current development

 

75,180 



Developed or redeveloped facilities opened for operation

(59,997)



Ending balance

 

279,624 



Total real estate facilities at March 31, 2018

$

9,235,022 

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, we acquired two self-storage facilities (181,000 net rentable square feet), for a total cost of $18.0 million in cash, of which $0.8 million was allocated to intangible assets.  We completed development and redevelopment activities costing $60.0 million during the three months ended March 31, 2018, adding 0.5 million net rentable square feet of self-storage space.  Construction in process at March 31, 2018 consists of projects to develop new self-storage facilities and redevelop existing self-storage facilities, which will add a total of 5.0 million net rentable square feet of storage space at an aggregate estimated cost of approximately $661.9 million.  During the three months ended March 31, 2018, we sold portions of real estate facilities in connection with eminent domain proceedings for $2.0 million in cash proceeds and recorded a related gain on sale of real estate of approximately $0.4 million.

4.Investments in Unconsolidated Real Estate Entities

The following table sets forth our investments in, and equity in earnings of, the Unconsolidated Real Estate Entities (amounts in thousands):

 

13

 


 

PUBLIC STORAGE

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 





 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Investments in Unconsolidated Real Estate Entities at

 



 

March 31, 2018

 

December 31, 2017

 



 

 



PSB

$

411,670 

 

$

400,133 

 



Shurgard Europe

 

334,584 

 

 

324,040 

 



Total

$

746,254 

 

$

724,173 

 









 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Equity in Earnings of Unconsolidated Real Estate Entities for the



 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 



 

2018

 

2017

 



 

 



PSB

$

23,831 

 

$

13,700 

 



Shurgard Europe

 

6,964 

 

 

5,591 

 



Other Investments

 

 -

 

 

658 

 



Total

$

30,795 

 

$

19,949 

 



During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, we received cash distributions from our investments in the Unconsolidated Real Estate Entities totaling $12.6 million and $13.3 million, respectively.  At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the cost of our investment in the Unconsolidated Real Estate Entities exceeds our pro rata share of the underlying equity by approximately $67.3 million.  This differential is being amortized as a reduction in equity in earnings of the Unconsolidated Real Estate Entities based upon allocations to the underlying net assets.  Such amortization was approximately $0.4 million and $0.3 million during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.  

Investment in PSB

PSB is a REIT traded on the New York Stock Exchange.  We have an approximate 42% common equity interest in PSB as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017,  comprised of our ownership of 7,158,354 shares of PSB’s common stock and 7,305,355 limited partnership units (“LP Units”) in an operating partnership controlled by PSB.  The LP Units are convertible at our option, subject to certain conditions, on a one-for-one basis into PSB common stock.  Based upon the closing price at March 31, 2018  ($113.04 per share of PSB common stock), the shares and units we owned had a market value of approximately $1.6 billion.  At March 31, 2018, the adjusted tax basis of our investment in PSB approximates book value.

The following table sets forth selected financial information of PSB.  The amounts represent all of PSB’s balances and not our pro-rata share.

 

14

 


 

PUBLIC STORAGE

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 





 

 

 

 

 



2018

 

2017



(Amounts in thousands)

For the three months ended March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

$

103,759 

 

$

100,061 

Costs of operations

 

(33,000)

 

 

(31,033)

Depreciation and amortization

 

(23,882)

 

 

(23,078)

General and administrative

 

(2,306)

 

 

(2,831)

Other items

 

119 

 

 

49 

Loss allocated to joint venture partner

 

436 

 

 

 -

Gains on sale of real estate

 

26,835 

 

 

3,865 

Net income before allocation to preferred shareholders

 

71,961 

 

 

47,033 

and restricted share unitholders

 

 

 

 

 

Allocations to preferred shareholders and

 

 

 

 

 

restricted share unitholders

 

(13,577)

 

 

(13,539)

Net income allocated to common shareholders

 

 

 

 

 

and LP Unitholders

$

58,384 

 

$

33,494 



 

 

 

 

 













 

 

 

 

 



March 31,

 

December 31,



2018

 

2017



(Amounts in thousands)



 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

Total assets (primarily real estate)

$

2,000,960 

 

$

2,100,159 

Debt

 

2,500 

 

 

 -

Preferred stock called for redemption

 

 -

 

 

130,000 

Other liabilities

 

78,813 

 

 

80,223 

Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock

 

959,750 

 

 

959,750 

Common equity and LP units

 

959,897 

 

 

930,186 



Investment in Shurgard Europe

For all periods presented, we had a 49% equity investment in Shurgard Europe and our joint venture partner owns the remaining 51% interest.  Our equity in earnings of Shurgard Europe is comprised of our 49% share of Shurgard Europe’s net income and 49% of the trademark license fees that Shurgard Europe pays to us for the use of the “Shurgard” trademark.  The remaining 51% of the license fees are classified as interest and other income on our income statement. 

Changes in foreign currency exchange rates increased our investment in Shurgard Europe by approximately $3.9 million and $2.8 million in the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. 

The following table sets forth selected consolidated financial information of Shurgard Europe based upon all of Shurgard Europe’s balances for all periods, rather than our pro rata share.  Such amounts are based upon our historical acquired book basis.

 

15

 


 

PUBLIC STORAGE

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 









 

 

 

 

 



2018

 

2017



(Amounts in thousands)

For the three months ended March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

Self-storage and ancillary revenues

$

72,309 

 

$

60,866 

Self-storage and ancillary cost of operations

 

(26,750)

 

 

(23,224)

Depreciation and amortization

 

(18,780)

 

 

(14,702)

General and administrative

 

(2,600)

 

 

(3,467)

Interest expense on third party debt 

 

(5,701)

 

 

(5,008)

Trademark license fee payable to Public Storage

 

(724)

 

 

(610)

Income tax expense

 

(5,647)

 

 

(2,939)

Gain on real estate investment sale

 

1,187 

 

 

 -

Foreign exchange gain (loss)

 

194 

 

 

(116)



 

 

 

 

 

Net income

$

13,488 

 

$

10,800 

Average exchange rates of Euro to the U.S. Dollar

 

1.229 

 

 

1.065 



 

 

 

 

 







 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



March 31,

 

December 31,



2018

 

2017



 

(Amounts in thousands)



 

 

 

 

 

Total assets (primarily self-storage facilities)

$

1,475,202 

 

$

1,416,477 

Total debt to third parties

 

747,341 

 

 

726,617 

Other liabilities

 

160,555 

 

 

143,638 

Equity

 

567,306 

 

 

546,222 



 

 

 

 

 

Exchange rate of Euro to U.S. Dollar

 

1.232 

 

 

1.198 

 



5.Credit Facility

We have a revolving credit agreement (the “Credit Facility”) with a $500 million borrowing limit, which expires on March 31, 2020.  Amounts drawn on the Credit Facility bear annual interest at rates ranging from LIBOR plus 0.850% to LIBOR plus 1.450% depending upon the ratio of our Total Indebtedness to Gross Asset Value (as defined in the Credit Facility) (LIBOR plus 0.850% at March 31, 2018).  We are also required to pay a quarterly facility fee ranging from 0.080% per annum to 0.250% per annum depending upon the ratio of our Total Indebtedness to our Gross Asset Value (0.080% per annum at March 31, 2018).  At March 31, 2018 and May 2, 2018, we had no outstanding borrowings under this Credit Facility.  We had undrawn standby letters of credit, which reduce our borrowing capacity, totaling $16.1 million at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.  The Credit Facility has various customary restrictive covenants, all of which we were in compliance with at March 31, 2018.

6.Notes Payable

Our notes payable at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 are set forth in the table below:

 

16

 


 

PUBLIC STORAGE

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

Amounts at March 31, 2018

 

 



Coupon

Effective

 

 

 

 

Unamortized

 

 

Book

 

 

Fair 

 

 

Book Value at



Rate

Rate

 

 

Principal

 

Costs

 

 

Value

 

 

Value

 

 

December 31, 2017



 

 

 

($ amounts in thousands)

U.S. Dollar Denominated Unsecured Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes due September 2022 

2.370%

2.483%

 

$

500,000 

 

$

(2,343)

 

$

497,657 

 

$

482,477 

 

$

497,525 

Notes due September 2027 

3.094%

3.218%

 

 

500,000 

 

 

(5,000)

 

 

495,000 

 

 

477,541 

 

 

494,868 



 

 

 

 

1,000,000 

 

 

(7,343)

 

 

992,657 

 

 

960,018 

 

 

992,393 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Euro Denominated Unsecured Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes due April 2024

1.540%

1.540%

 

 

123,237 

 

 

 -

 

 

123,237 

 

 

127,564 

 

 

119,795 

Notes due November 2025 

2.175%

2.175%

 

 

298,250 

 

 

 -

 

 

298,250 

 

 

315,947 

 

 

289,921 



 

 

 

 

421,487 

 

 

 -

 

 

421,487 

 

 

443,511 

 

 

409,716 

Mortgage Debt, secured by 30 real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 facilities with a net book value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 of $116.5 million

4.043%

3.989%

 

 

28,767 

 

 

 -

 

 

28,767 

 

 

29,800 

 

 

29,213 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

$

1,450,254 

 

$

(7,343)

 

$

1,442,911 

 

$

1,433,329 

 

$

1,431,322 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Dollar Denominated Unsecured Debt

On September 18, 2017, we issued, in a public offering, two tranches each totaling $500.0 million of U.S. Dollar denominated unsecured notes (the “U.S. Dollar Notes”).  In connection with the offering, we incurred a total of $7.9 million in costs, which is reflected as a reduction in the principal amount and amortized, using the effective interest method, over the term of each respective note.  Interest on the U.S. Dollar Notes is payable semi-annually on March 15 and September 15 of each year, commencing March 15, 2018. 

The U.S. Dollar Notes have various financial covenants, all of which we were in compliance with at March 31, 2018.  Included in these covenants are a) a maximum Debt to Total Assets of 65%  (4.5% at March 31, 2018) and b) a minimum ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to Interest Expense of 1.5x  (103.5x for the twelve months ended March 31, 2018)  as well as covenants limiting the amount we can encumber our properties with mortgage debt. 

Euro Denominated Unsecured Debt

Our euro denominated unsecured notes (the “Euro Notes”) are payable to institutional investors.  The Euro Notes consist of two tranches, (i) €242.0 million were issued on November 3, 2015 for $264.3 million in net proceeds upon converting the Euros to U.S. Dollars and (ii) €100.0 million were issued on April 12, 2016 for $113.6 million in net proceeds upon converting the Euros to U.S. Dollars.  Interest is payable semi-annually.  The Euro Notes have various customary financial covenants, all of which we were in compliance with at March 31, 2018.

We reflect changes in the U.S. Dollar equivalent of the amount payable, as a result of changes in foreign exchange rates as “foreign currency exchange loss” on our income statement (losses of $11.8 million and $5.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively).

 

17

 


 

PUBLIC STORAGE

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 

Mortgage Debt

Our non-recourse mortgage debt was assumed in connection with property acquisitions, and recorded at fair value with any premium or discount to the stated note balance amortized using the effective interest method. 

At March 31, 2018, the related contractual interest rates are fixed, ranging between 2.9% and 7.1%, and mature between November 2018 and September 2028.

At March 31, 2018, approximate principal maturities of our Notes Payable are as follows (amounts in thousands):



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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