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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - BELDEN INC.bdc-11062017xex32211.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - BELDEN INC.bdc-11062017xex32111.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - BELDEN INC.bdc-11062017xex31211.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - BELDEN INC.bdc-11062017xex31111.htm
EX-10.1 - EXHIBIT 10.1 - BELDEN INC.bdc-11062017xex1011.htm
EX-4.5 - EXHIBIT 4.5 - BELDEN INC.bdc-11062017xex451.htm
EX-4.4 - EXHIBIT 4.4 - BELDEN INC.bdc-11062017xex441.htm
EX-4.3 - EXHIBIT 4.3 - BELDEN INC.bdc-11062017xex431.htm
EX-4.2 - EXHIBIT 4.2 - BELDEN INC.bdc-11062017xex421.htm
EX-4.1 - EXHIBIT 4.1 - BELDEN INC.bdc-11062017xex411.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 _________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_________________________________________________ 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended October 1, 2017
Commission File No. 001-12561 
_________________________________________________ 
BELDEN INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_________________________________________________
 
Delaware
 
36-3601505
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1 North Brentwood Boulevard
15th Floor
St. Louis, Missouri 63105
(Address of principal executive offices)
(314) 854-8000
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
_________________________________________________ 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ  No ¨.
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every interactive data file required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  þ  No ¨.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ   Accelerated filer ¨       Non-accelerated filer ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company ¨    Emerging growth company ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨  No  þ
As of November 2, 2017, the Registrant had 42,173,892 outstanding shares of common stock.




PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements
BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 
October 1, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
(In thousands)
ASSETS
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
461,363

 
$
848,116

Receivables, net
439,276

 
388,059

Inventories, net
262,494

 
190,408

Other current assets
67,048

 
29,176

Assets held for sale
35,953

 
23,193

Total current assets
1,266,134

 
1,478,952

Property, plant and equipment, less accumulated depreciation
324,617

 
309,291

Goodwill
1,475,467

 
1,385,995

Intangible assets, less accumulated amortization
566,958

 
560,082

Deferred income taxes
35,565

 
33,706

Other long-lived assets
36,107

 
38,777

 
$
3,704,848

 
$
3,806,803

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
301,173

 
$
258,203

Accrued liabilities
257,729

 
310,340

Liabilities held for sale
1,732

 
1,736

Total current liabilities
560,634

 
570,279

Long-term debt
1,530,077

 
1,620,161

Postretirement benefits
112,938

 
104,050

Deferred income taxes
21,528

 
14,276

Other long-term liabilities
37,311

 
36,720

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock
1

 
1

Common stock
503

 
503

Additional paid-in capital
1,123,623

 
1,116,090

Retained earnings
813,936

 
783,812

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(84,342
)
 
(39,067
)
Treasury stock
(412,059
)
 
(401,026
)
Total Belden stockholders’ equity
1,441,662

 
1,460,313

Noncontrolling interest
698

 
1,004

Total stockholders’ equity
1,442,360

 
1,461,317

 
$
3,704,848

 
$
3,806,803

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

- 1-



BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
October 1, 2017

October 2, 2016
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except per share data)
Revenues
$
621,745

 
$
601,109

 
$
1,783,759

 
$
1,744,237

Cost of sales
(381,921
)
 
(355,147
)
 
(1,079,312
)
 
(1,025,027
)
Gross profit
239,824

 
245,962

 
704,447

 
719,210

Selling, general and administrative expenses
(116,429
)
 
(126,662
)
 
(346,786
)
 
(372,125
)
Research and development
(35,442
)
 
(33,512
)
 
(105,108
)
 
(106,297
)
Amortization of intangibles
(27,162
)
 
(23,808
)
 
(77,944
)
 
(75,603
)
Operating income
60,791

 
61,980

 
174,609

 
165,185

Interest expense, net
(19,385
)
 
(23,513
)
 
(66,424
)
 
(71,958
)
Loss on debt extinguishment
(51,594
)
 

 
(52,441
)
 

Income (loss) before taxes
(10,188
)
 
38,467

 
55,744

 
93,227

Income tax benefit (expense)
11,133

 
(2,395
)
 
6,673

 
1,136

Net income
945

 
36,072

 
62,417

 
94,363

Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(82
)
 
(88
)
 
(274
)
 
(286
)
Net income attributable to Belden
1,027

 
36,160

 
62,691

 
94,649

Less: Preferred stock dividends
8,732

 
6,695

 
26,198

 
6,695

Net income (loss) attributable to Belden common stockholders
$
(7,705
)
 
$
29,465

 
$
36,493

 
$
87,954

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares and equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
42,256

 
42,126

 
42,251

 
42,073

Diluted
42,256

 
42,648

 
42,663

 
42,534

Basic income (loss) per share attributable to Belden common stockholders
$
(0.18
)
 
$
0.70

 
$
0.86

 
$
2.09

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted income (loss) per share attributable to Belden common stockholders
$
(0.18
)
 
$
0.69

 
$
0.86

 
$
2.07

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Belden
$
(18,127
)
 
$
32,353

 
$
17,416

 
$
90,760

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock dividends declared per share
$
0.05

 
$
0.05

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.15

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

- 2-



BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
62,417

 
$
94,363

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
112,538

 
110,857

Share-based compensation
13,431

 
13,943

Loss on debt extinguishment
52,441

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of the effects of currency exchange rate changes and acquired businesses:
 
 
 
Receivables
(32,950
)
 
(9,843
)
Inventories
(50,232
)
 
5,626

Accounts payable
30,290

 
(3,889
)
Accrued liabilities
(54,828
)
 
(43,594
)
Income taxes
(32,071
)
 
(17,375
)
Other assets
(9,046
)
 
2,798

Other liabilities
11,625

 
(5,457
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
103,615

 
147,429

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Cash used to acquire businesses, net of cash acquired
(166,896
)
 
(17,848
)
Capital expenditures
(33,430
)
 
(36,057
)
Other

 
(971
)
Proceeds from disposal of tangible assets
15

 
282

Net cash used for investing activities
(200,311
)
 
(54,594
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Payments under borrowing arrangements
(1,105,892
)
 
(51,875
)
Cash dividends paid
(32,535
)
 
(6,307
)
Debt issuance costs paid
(16,586
)
 

Payments under share repurchase program
(11,508
)
 

Withholding tax payments for share-based payment awards, net of proceeds from the exercise of stock options
(5,421
)
 
(5,302
)
Proceeds from the issuance of preferred stock, net

 
501,498

Borrowings under credit arrangements
866,700

 

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
(305,242
)
 
438,014

Effect of foreign currency exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
15,185

 
705

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
(386,753
)
 
531,554

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
848,116

 
216,751

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
461,363

 
$
748,305

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

- 3-




BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY STATEMENT
NINE MONTHS ENDED OCTOBER 1, 2017
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Belden Inc. Stockholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mandatory Convertible
 
 
 
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
Other
 
Non-controlling
 
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
 
Paid-In
 
Retained
 
Treasury Stock
 
Comprehensive
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Capital
 
Earnings
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Income (Loss)
 
Interest
 
Total
 
 
(In thousands)
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2016
52

 
$
1

 
50,335

 
$
503

 
$
1,116,090

 
$
783,812

 
(8,155
)
 
$
(401,026
)
 
$
(39,067
)
 
$
1,004

 
$
1,461,317

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 
62,691

 

 

 

 
(274
)
 
62,417

Foreign currency translation, net of $1.5 million tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(46,446
)
 
(32
)
 
(46,478
)
Adjustments to pension and postretirement liability, net of $0.7 million tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
1,171

 

 
1,171

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(45,307
)
Exercise of stock options, net of tax withholding forfeitures

 

 

 

 
(1,628
)
 

 
34

 
(68
)
 

 

 
(1,696
)
Conversion of restricted stock units into common stock, net of tax withholding forfeitures

 

 

 

 
(4,270
)
 

 
97

 
543

 

 

 
(3,727
)
Share repurchase program

 

 

 

 

 

 
(151
)
 
(11,508
)
 

 

 
(11,508
)
Share-based compensation

 

 

 

 
13,431

 

 

 

 

 

 
13,431

Preferred stock dividends

 

 

 

 

 
(26,198
)
 

 

 

 

 
(26,198
)
Common stock dividends ($0.15 per share)

 

 

 

 

 
(6,369
)
 

 

 

 

 
(6,369
)
Balance at October 1, 2017
52

 
$
1

 
50,335

 
$
503

 
$
1,123,623

 
$
813,936

 
(8,175
)
 
$
(412,059
)
 
$
(84,342
)
 
$
698

 
$
1,442,360

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

- 4-



BELDEN INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 1:  Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include Belden Inc. and all of its subsidiaries (the Company, us, we, or our). We eliminate all significant affiliate accounts and transactions in consolidation.
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements presented as of any date other than December 31, 2016:
Are prepared from the books and records without audit, and
Are prepared in accordance with the instructions for Form 10-Q and do not include all of the information required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete statements, but
Include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial statements.
These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data contained in our 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Business Description
We are a signal transmission solutions provider built around four global business platforms – Broadcast Solutions, Enterprise Solutions, Industrial Solutions, and Network Solutions. Our comprehensive portfolio of signal transmission solutions provides industry leading secure and reliable transmission of data, sound, and video for mission critical applications.
Reporting Periods
Our fiscal year and fiscal fourth quarter both end on December 31. Our fiscal first quarter ends on the Sunday falling closest to 91 days after December 31, which was April 2, 2017, the 92nd day of our fiscal year 2017. Our fiscal second and third quarters each have 91 days. The nine months ended October 1, 2017 and October 2, 2016 included 274 and 276 days, respectively.
Reclassifications
We have made certain reclassifications to the 2016 Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for our segment change with no impact to reported net income in order to conform to the 2017 presentation. See Note 4.
Operating Segments
To leverage the Company's strengths in networking, IoT, and cybersecurity technologies, effective January 1, 2017, we formed a new segment called Network Solutions, which represents the combination of the prior Industrial IT Solutions and Network Security Solutions segments.  The formation is a natural evolution in our organic and inorganic strategies for a range of industrial and non-industrial applications.  We have revised the prior period segment information to conform to the change in the composition of these reportable segments.  In connection with this change, we re-evaluated the useful life of the Tripwire trademark and concluded that an indefinite life is no longer appropriate. We have estimated a useful life of 10 years and will re-evaluate this estimate if and when our expected use of the Tripwire trademark changes. We began amortizing the Tripwire trademark in the first quarter of 2017, which resulted in amortization expense of $0.8 million and $2.4 million for the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively.
Fair Value Measurement
Accounting guidance for fair value measurements specifies a hierarchy of valuation techniques based upon whether the inputs to those valuation techniques reflect assumptions other market participants would use based upon market data obtained from independent sources or reflect our own assumptions of market participant valuation. The hierarchy is broken down into three levels based on the reliability of the inputs as follows:

- 5-



Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets that are unadjusted and accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;
Level 2 – Quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, or financial instruments for which significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3 – Prices or valuations that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable. 
As of and during the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017 and October 2, 2016, we utilized Level 1 inputs to determine the fair value of cash equivalents, and we utilized Level 2 and Level 3 inputs to determine the fair value of net assets acquired in business combinations (see Note 2). We did not have any transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements during the nine months ended October 1, 2017 and October 2, 2016.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
We classify cash on hand and deposits in banks, including commercial paper, money market accounts, and other investments with an original maturity of three months or less, that we hold from time to time, as cash and cash equivalents. We periodically have cash equivalents consisting of short-term money market funds and other investments. The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve our capital for the purpose of funding operations. We do not enter into investments for trading or speculative purposes. As of October 1, 2017, we did not have any significant cash equivalents.
Contingent Liabilities
We have established liabilities for environmental and legal contingencies that are probable of occurrence and reasonably estimable, the amounts of which are currently not material. We accrue environmental remediation costs based on estimates of known environmental remediation exposures developed in consultation with our environmental consultants and legal counsel. We are, from time to time, subject to routine litigation incidental to our business. These lawsuits primarily involve claims for damages arising out of the use of our products, allegations of patent or trademark infringement, and litigation and administrative proceedings involving employment matters and commercial disputes. Based on facts currently available, we believe the disposition of the claims that are pending or asserted will not have a materially adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flow.

As of October 1, 2017, we were party to standby letters of credit, surety bonds, and bank guaranties totaling $7.8 million, $2.4 million, and $2.0 million, respectively.

Contingent Gain

On July 5, 2011, our wholly-owned subsidiary, PPC Broadband, Inc. (PPC), filed an action for patent infringement against Corning Optical Communications RF LLC (Corning). The complaint alleged that Corning infringed two of PPC’s patents.  In July 2015, a jury found that Corning willfully infringed both patents.  In November 2016, following a series of post-trial motions, the trial judge issued rulings for a total judgment in our favor of approximately $61.3 million. In December 2016, Corning appealed the case to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, and that appeal remains pending. We have not recorded any amounts in our consolidated financial statements related to this matter due to the pendency of the appeal.
Revenue Recognition
We recognize revenue when all of the following circumstances are satisfied: (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, (2) price is fixed or determinable, (3) collectability is reasonably assured, and (4) delivery has occurred. Delivery occurs in the period in which the customer takes title and assumes the risks and rewards of ownership of the products specified in the customer’s purchase order or sales agreement. At times, we enter into arrangements that involve the delivery of multiple elements. For these arrangements, when the elements can be separated, the revenue is allocated to each deliverable based on that element’s relative selling price and recognized based on the period of delivery for each element. Generally, we determine relative selling price using vendor specific objective evidence (VSOE) of fair value.
We record revenue net of estimated rebates, price allowances, invoicing adjustments, and product returns. We record revisions to these estimates in the period in which the facts that give rise to each revision become known. Taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities are not included in our revenues.

- 6-



We have certain products subject to the accounting guidance on software revenue recognition. For such products, software license revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery of the product has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable, collection is probable and VSOE of the fair value of undelivered elements exists. As substantially all of the software licenses are sold in multiple-element arrangements that include either support and maintenance or both support and maintenance and professional services, we use the residual method to determine the amount of software license revenue to be recognized. Under the residual method, consideration is allocated to undelivered elements based upon VSOE of the fair value of those elements, with the residual of the arrangement fee allocated to and recognized as software license revenue. We have established VSOE of the fair value of support and maintenance, subscription-based software licenses, and professional services. Software license revenue is generally recognized upon delivery of the software if all revenue recognition criteria are met.
Revenue allocated to support services under our support and maintenance contracts is typically paid in advance and recognized ratably over the term of the service. Revenue allocated to subscription-based software and remote ongoing operational services is also paid in advance and recognized ratably over the term of the service. Revenue allocated to professional services, including remote implementation services, is recognized as the services are performed.
Subsequent Events
We have evaluated subsequent events after the balance sheet date through the financial statement issuance date for appropriate accounting and disclosure.
Pending Adoption of Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASU 2014-09), which will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP. The core principle of the ASU is that an entity should recognize revenue for the transfer of goods or services equal to the amount that it expects to be entitled to receive for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments. We plan to adopt ASU 2014-09 on January 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective method of adoption. Our overall, initial assessment indicates that the impact of adopting ASU 2014-09 on our consolidated financial statements will not be material. We do not expect significant changes in the timing or method of revenue recognition for any of our material revenue streams. We are currently completing detailed contract reviews to determine if any adjustments are necessary to our existing accounting policies and to support our overall, initial assessment. We believe the most significant impact of adopting ASU 2014-09 will be on our disclosures regarding revenue recognition. We will continue our evaluation of ASU 2014-09, including new or emerging interpretations of the standard, through the date of adoption.
In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (ASU 2016-02), a leasing standard for both lessees and lessors. Under its core principle, a lessee will recognize lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet for all arrangements with terms longer than 12 months. Lessor accounting remains largely consistent with existing U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The new standard will be effective for us beginning January 1, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The standard requires the use of a modified retrospective transition method. We are evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-02 will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 In October 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-16, Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory (ASU 2016-16), which requires recognition of the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. Consequently, the standard eliminates the exception to the recognition of current and deferred income taxes for an intra-entity asset transfer other than for inventory until the asset has been sold to an outside party. The new standard will be effective for us beginning January 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. We are evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-16 will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In March 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-07, Compensation - Retirement Benefits: Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost (ASU 2017-07), which requires an entity to report the service cost component in the same line item or items as other compensation costs arising from the service rendered by their employees during the period. The other components of net benefit cost are required to be presented in the Statement of Operations separately from the service cost component after Operating Income. Additionally, only the service cost component will be eligible for capitalization, when applicable. The standard requires the amendments to be applied retrospectively for the presentation of the service cost component and the other cost components of net periodic pension cost and net periodic OPEB cost in the Statement of Operations and prospectively, on and after the effective date, for the capitalization of the service cost component of net periodic pension and OPEB costs. The new standard will be effective for us beginning January 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. We are evaluating the effect that ASU 2017-07 will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

- 7-



Note 2:  Acquisitions
Thinklogical Holdings, LLC
We acquired 100% of the outstanding ownership interest in Thinklogical Holdings, LLC (Thinklogical) on May 31, 2017 for cash of $171.3 million. Thinklogical designs, manufactures, and markets high-bandwidth fiber matrix switches, video, and keyboard/video/mouse extender solutions, camera extenders, and console management solutions. Thinklogical is headquartered in Connecticut. The results of Thinklogical have been included in our Consolidated Financial Statements from May 31, 2017, and are reported within the Broadcast Solutions segment. The following table summarizes the estimated, preliminary fair value of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed as of May 31, 2017 (in thousands):
Cash
 
$
5,376

Receivables
 
4,355

Inventory
 
16,424

Prepaid and other current assets
 
320

Property, plant, and equipment
 
4,289

Intangible assets
 
76,400

Goodwill
 
68,394

   Total assets acquired
 
$
175,558

 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
1,231

Accrued liabilities
 
1,353

Deferred revenue
 
1,702

   Total liabilities assumed
 
$
4,286

 
 
 
Net assets
 
$
171,272


A single estimate of fair value results from a complex series of judgments about future events and uncertainties and relies heavily on estimates and assumptions. The judgments we have used in estimating the preliminary fair values assigned to each class of acquired assets and assumed liabilities could materially affect the results of our operations.

The preliminary fair value of acquired receivables is $4.4 million, which is equivalent to its gross contractual amount.

For purposes of the above allocation, we based our estimate of the preliminary fair value for the acquired inventory, intangible assets, and deferred revenue on a preliminary valuation study performed by a third party valuation firm. We have estimated a preliminary fair value adjustment for inventories based on the estimated selling price of the work-in-process and finished goods acquired at the closing date less the sum of the costs to complete the work-in-process, the costs of disposal, and a reasonable profit allowance for our post acquisition selling efforts. We used various valuation methods including discounted cash flows, lost income, excess earnings, and relief from royalty to estimate the preliminary fair value of the identifiable intangible assets and deferred revenue (Level 3 valuation).

Goodwill and other intangible assets reflected above were determined to meet the criterion for recognition apart from tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The goodwill is primarily attributable to expected synergies and the assembled workforce. The expected synergies for the Thinklogical acquisition primarily consist of utilizing Belden's fiber and connectivity portfolio with Thinklogical's connections between matrix switch, control systems, transmitters and source to expand our product portfolio across our segments to both existing and new customers. Our tax basis in the acquired goodwill is approximately $41.0 million and is deductible for tax purposes over a period of 15 years up to the amount of the tax basis. The intangible assets related to the acquisition consisted of the following:


- 8-



 
 
Fair Value
 
Amortization Period
 
 
(In thousands)
 
(In years)
Intangible assets subject to amortization:
 
 
 
 
Developed technologies
 
$
65,200

 
10.0
Customer relationships
 
6,600

 
8.0
Trademarks
 
3,100

 
10.0
Sales backlog
 
1,500

 
0.3
Total intangible assets subject to amortization
 
$
76,400

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intangible assets not subject to amortization:
 
 
 
 
Goodwill
 
$
68,394

 
n/a
Total intangible assets not subject to amortization
 
$
68,394

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total intangible assets
 
$
144,794

 
 
Weighted average amortization period
 
 
 
9.6

The amortizable intangible assets reflected in the table above were determined by us to have finite lives. The useful life for the customer relationship intangible asset was based on our forecasts of estimated sales from recurring customers. The useful life for the trademarks was based on the period of time we expect to continue to go to market using the trademarks. The useful life for the developed technology intangible asset was based on the estimated time that the technology provides us with a competitive advantage and thus approximates the period and pattern of consumption of the intangible asset. The useful life of the backlog intangible asset was based on our estimate of when the ordered items would ship.

Our consolidated revenues and consolidated loss before taxes for the three months ended October 1, 2017 included revenues of $11.6 million and a loss before taxes of $2.7 million, respectively, from Thinklogical. Our consolidated revenues and consolidated income before taxes for the nine months ended October 1, 2017 included revenues of $21.8 million and a loss before taxes of $1.7 million, respectively, from Thinklogical.

The following table illustrates the unaudited pro forma effect on operating results as if the Thinklogical acquisition had been completed as of January 1, 2016.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
October1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
 
(Unaudited)
Revenues
 
$
621,745

 
$
616,760

 
$
1,792,614

 
$
1,772,202

Net income (loss) attributable to Belden common stockholders
 
(5,128
)
 
34,564

 
37,097

 
85,588

Diluted income (loss) per share attributable to Belden common stockholders
 
$
(0.12
)
 
$
0.81

 
$
0.87

 
$
2.01


The above unaudited pro forma financial information is presented for informational purposes only and does not purport to represent what our results of operations would have been had we completed the acquisition on the date assumed, nor is it necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected in future periods. Pro forma adjustments exclude cost savings from any synergies resulting from the acquisition.
M2FX
We acquired 100% of the shares of M2FX Limited (M2FX) on January 7, 2016 for a purchase price of $19.0 million. M2FX is a manufacturer of fiber optic cable and fiber protective solutions for broadband access and telecommunications networks. M2FX is located in the United Kingdom. The results of M2FX have been included in our Consolidated Financial Statements from January 7, 2016, and are reported within the Broadcast Solutions segment. The M2FX acquisition was not material to our financial position or results of operations.

- 9-



Note 3:  Assets Held for Sale
We classify assets and liabilities as held for sale (disposal group) when management, having the authority to approve the action, commits to a plan to sell the disposal group, the sale is probable within one year, and the disposal group is available for immediate sale in its present condition. We also consider whether an active program to locate a buyer has been initiated, whether the disposal group is marketed actively for sale at a price that is reasonable in relation to its current fair value, and whether actions required to complete the plan indicate that it is unlikely that significant changes to the plan will be made or that the plan will be withdrawn. When we classify a disposal group as held for sale, we test for impairment. An impairment charge is recognized when the carrying value of the disposal group exceeds the estimated fair value, less costs to sell. We also cease depreciation and amortization for assets classified as held for sale.
During the fourth quarter of 2016, we committed to a plan to sell our MCS business and Hirschmann JV and determined that we met all of the criteria to classify the assets and liabilities of these businesses as held for sale. The MCS business is part of the Industrial Solutions segment and the Hirschmann JV is an equity method investment that is not included in an operating segment. The MCS business operates in Germany and the United States, and the Hirschmann JV is an equity method investment located in China. During the fourth quarter of 2016, we reached an agreement in principle to sell this disposal group for a total sales price of $39 million. The carrying value of the disposal group exceeded the fair value less costs to sell, which we determined based on the expected sales price, by $23.9 million. Therefore, we recognized an impairment charge equal to this amount in the fourth quarter of 2016. During the first quarter of 2017, we signed a definitive sales agreement for a purchase price of $39 million, and we expect the sale to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2017. The following table provides the major classes of assets and liabilities classified as held for sale as of October 1, 2017 and December 31, 2016. In addition, the disposal group had $5.1 million and $15.7 million of accumulated other comprehensive losses at October 1, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.
 
October 1, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Receivables, net
$
5,937

 
$
4,551

Inventories, net
4,302

 
2,848

Other current assets
1,101

 
1,131

Property, plant, and equipment, less accumulated depreciation
2,348

 
1,946

Intangible assets, less accumulated amortization
4,589

 
4,405

Goodwill
5,477

 
5,477

Other long-lived assets
36,130

 
26,766

Total assets of disposal group
59,884

 
47,124

Impairment of assets held for sale
(23,931
)
 
(23,931
)
Total assets held for sale
$
35,953

 
$
23,193

Accrued liabilities
$
1,325

 
$
1,288

Postretirement benefits
407

 
448

Total liabilities held for sale
$
1,732

 
$
1,736


Note 4:  Operating Segments
We are organized around four global business platforms:  Broadcast Solutions, Enterprise Solutions, Industrial Solutions, and Network Solutions. Each of the global business platforms represents a reportable segment.

To leverage the Company's strengths in networking, IoT, and cybersecurity technologies, effective January 1, 2017, we formed a new segment called Network Solutions, which represents the combination of the prior Industrial IT Solutions and Network Security Solutions segments.  The formation of this new segment is a natural evolution in our organic and inorganic strategies for a range of industrial and non-industrial applications.  We have revised the prior period segment information to conform to the change in the composition of these reportable segments. This change had no impact to our reporting units for purposes of goodwill impairment testing.


- 10-



Beginning in 2017, sales of certain audio-visual cable that had previously been reported in our Broadcast Solutions segment are now reported in our Enterprise Solutions segment.  As the annual revenues associated with this product line are not material, we have not revised the prior period segment information. 
The key measures of segment profit or loss reviewed by our chief operating decision maker are Segment Revenues and Segment EBITDA. Segment Revenues represent non-affiliate revenues and include revenues that would have otherwise been recorded by acquired businesses as independent entities but were not recognized in our Consolidated Statements of Operations due to the effects of purchase accounting and the associated write-down of acquired deferred revenue to fair value. Segment EBITDA excludes certain items, including depreciation expense; amortization of intangibles; asset impairment; severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs; purchase accounting effects related to acquisitions, such as the adjustment of acquired inventory and deferred revenue to fair value; and other costs. We allocate corporate expenses to the segments for purposes of measuring Segment EBITDA. Corporate expenses are allocated on the basis of each segment’s relative EBITDA prior to the allocation.
Our measure of segment assets does not include cash, goodwill, intangible assets, deferred tax assets, or corporate assets. All goodwill is allocated to reporting units of our segments for purposes of impairment testing.
 

- 11-



 
 
Broadcast
Solutions    
 
Enterprise
Solutions     
 
Industrial
Solutions     
 
Network Solutions
 
Total
Segments     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
As of and for the three months ended October 1, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenues
 
$
193,753

 
$
167,089

 
$
160,471

 
$
100,432

 
$
621,745

Affiliate revenues
 
129

 
1,419

 
332

 

 
1,880

Segment EBITDA
 
35,671

 
26,409

 
30,545

 
24,906

 
117,531

Depreciation expense
 
4,088

 
2,740

 
3,285

 
1,570

 
11,683

Amortization expense
 
13,482

 
438

 
646

 
12,596

 
27,162

Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs
 
3,056

 
6,253

 
6,840

 
530

 
16,679

Purchase accounting effects of acquisitions
 
2,922

 

 

 

 
2,922

Segment assets
 
373,848

 
284,327

 
291,984

 
108,554

 
1,058,713

As of and for the three months ended October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenues
 
$
196,173

 
$
156,658

 
$
149,847

 
$
99,790

 
$
602,468

Affiliate revenues
 
46

 
1,587

 
511

 
13

 
2,157

Segment EBITDA
 
36,545

 
27,294

 
23,649

 
24,448

 
111,936

Depreciation expense
 
4,063

 
3,210

 
2,738

 
1,592

 
11,603

Amortization expense
 
10,955

 
431

 
604

 
11,818

 
23,808

Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs
 
174

 
5,573

 
4,746

 
2,302

 
12,795

Deferred gross profit adjustments
 
283

 

 

 
1,076

 
1,359

Segment assets
 
314,020

 
265,085

 
261,923

 
105,938

 
946,966

As of and for the nine months ended October 1, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenues
 
$
550,420

 
$
473,504

 
$
465,907

 
$
293,928

 
$
1,783,759

Affiliate revenues
 
324

 
5,522

 
994

 
92

 
6,932

Segment EBITDA
 
90,681

 
77,310

 
87,314

 
65,563

 
320,868

Depreciation expense
 
12,095

 
8,034

 
9,659

 
4,806

 
34,594

Amortization expense
 
36,950

 
1,291

 
1,928

 
37,775

 
77,944

Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs
 
4,434

 
19,267

 
8,307

 
831

 
32,839

Purchase accounting effects of acquisitions
 
4,089

 

 

 

 
4,089

Segment assets
 
373,848

 
284,327

 
291,984

 
108,554

 
1,058,713

As of and for the nine months ended October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenues
 
$
560,966

 
$
452,951

 
$
438,746

 
$
296,986

 
$
1,749,649

Affiliate revenues
 
644

 
4,615

 
906

 
44

 
6,209

Segment EBITDA
 
89,317

 
80,605

 
73,700

 
66,715

 
310,337

Depreciation expense
 
12,086

 
10,028

 
8,165

 
4,974

 
35,253

Amortization expense
 
37,306

 
1,292

 
1,796

 
35,209

 
75,603

Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs
 
5,871

 
7,280

 
7,982

 
5,939

 
27,072

Purchase accounting effects of acquisitions
 
195

 

 

 

 
195

Deferred gross profit adjustments
 
1,391

 

 

 
4,021

 
5,412

Segment assets
 
314,020

 
265,085

 
261,923

 
105,938

 
946,966


The following table is a reconciliation of the total of the reportable segments’ Revenues and EBITDA to consolidated revenues and consolidated income before taxes, respectively.
 

- 12-



 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Total Segment Revenues
$
621,745

 
$
602,468

 
$
1,783,759

 
$
1,749,649

Deferred revenue adjustments (1)

 
(1,359
)
 

 
(5,412
)
Consolidated Revenues
$
621,745

 
$
601,109

 
$
1,783,759

 
$
1,744,237

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Segment EBITDA
$
117,531

 
$
111,936

 
$
320,868

 
$
310,337

Amortization of intangibles
(27,162
)
 
(23,808
)
 
(77,944
)
 
(75,603
)
Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs (2)
(16,679
)
 
(12,795
)
 
(32,839
)
 
(27,072
)
Depreciation expense
(11,683
)
 
(11,603
)
 
(34,594
)
 
(35,253
)
Purchase accounting effects related to acquisitions (3)
(2,922
)
 

 
(4,089
)
 
(195
)
Deferred gross profit adjustments (1)

 
(1,359
)
 

 
(5,412
)
Income from equity method investment
2,551

 
586

 
5,835

 
1,077

Eliminations
(845
)
 
(977
)
 
(2,628
)
 
(2,694
)
Consolidated operating income
60,791

 
61,980

 
174,609

 
165,185

Interest expense, net
(19,385
)
 
(23,513
)
 
(66,424
)
 
(71,958
)
Loss on debt extinguishment
(51,594
)
 

 
(52,441
)
 

Consolidated income (loss) before taxes
$
(10,188
)
 
$
38,467

 
$
55,744

 
$
93,227

(1) For the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016 , our segment results include revenues that would have been recorded by acquired businesses had they remained as independent entities. Our consolidated results do not include these revenues due to the purchase accounting effect of recording deferred revenue at fair value.
(2)  See Note 8, Severance, Restructuring, and Acquisition Integration Activities, for details.
(3)  For the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017 and nine months ended October 2, 2016, we recognized cost of sales for the adjustment of acquired inventory to fair value related to the Thinklogical and M2FX acquisitions, respectively.
Note 5: Income per Share
The following table presents the basis for the income per share computations:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
945

 
$
36,072

 
$
62,417

 
$
94,363

Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(82
)
 
(88
)
 
(274
)
 
(286
)
Less: Preferred stock dividends
8,732

 
6,695

 
26,198

 
6,695

Net income (loss) attributable to Belden common stockholders
$
(7,705
)
 
$
29,465

 
$
36,493

 
$
87,954

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic
42,256

 
42,126

 
42,251

 
42,073

Effect of dilutive common stock equivalents

 
522

 
412

 
461

Weighted average shares outstanding, diluted
42,256

 
42,648

 
42,663

 
42,534


For the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include outstanding equity awards of 0.9 million and 0.5 million, respectively, because to do so would have been anti-dilutive. In addition, for both the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include outstanding equity awards of 0.2 million because the related performance conditions have not been satisfied. Furthermore, for the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include the impact of preferred shares that are convertible into 6.8 million and 6.9 million common shares, respectively, because deducting the preferred stock dividends from net income was more dilutive.

- 13-




For the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include outstanding equity awards of 0.4 million and 0.7 million, respectively, because to do so would have been anti-dilutive. In addition, for both the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include outstanding equity awards of 0.1 million because the related performance conditions have not been satisfied. Furthermore, for the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include the impact of preferred shares that are convertible into 5.2 million and 1.7 million common shares, respectively, because deducting the preferred stock dividends from net income was more dilutive.
For purposes of calculating basic earnings per share, unvested restricted stock units are not included in the calculation of basic weighted average shares outstanding until all necessary conditions have been satisfied and issuance of the shares underlying the restricted stock units is no longer contingent. Necessary conditions are not satisfied until the vesting date, at which time holders of our restricted stock units receive shares of our common stock.
For purposes of calculating diluted earnings per share, unvested restricted stock units are included to the extent that they are dilutive. In determining whether unvested restricted stock units are dilutive, each issuance of restricted stock units is considered separately.
Once a restricted stock unit has vested, it is included in the calculation of both basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding.
Note 6:  Inventories
The major classes of inventories were as follows:
 
 
October 1, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Raw materials
$
119,754

 
$
90,019

Work-in-process
39,672

 
25,166

Finished goods
130,009

 
99,784

Gross inventories
289,435

 
214,969

Excess and obsolete reserves
(26,941
)
 
(24,561
)
Net inventories
$
262,494

 
$
190,408

Note 7:  Long-Lived Assets

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

We recognized depreciation expense of $11.7 million and $34.6 million in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively. We recognized depreciation expense of $11.6 million and $35.3 million in the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively. 

In connection with the segment change discussed in Note 4, we re-evaluated the useful life of the Tripwire trademark and concluded that an indefinite life is no longer appropriate. We have estimated a useful life of 10 years and will re-evaluate this estimate if and when our expected use of the Tripwire trademark changes. We began amortizing the Tripwire trademark in the first quarter of 2017, which resulted in amortization expense of $0.8 million and $2.4 million for the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively. As of October 1, 2017, the net book value of the Tripwire trademark was $28.6 million.

We recognized amortization expense related to our intangible assets of $27.2 million and $77.9 million in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively. We recognized amortization expense related to our intangible assets of $23.8 million and $75.6 million in the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively.




- 14-



Note 8:  Severance, Restructuring, and Acquisition Integration Activities

Industrial and Network Solutions Restructuring Program: 2015-2016
Both our Industrial Solutions and Network Solutions segments were negatively impacted by a decline in sales volume in 2015. At such time, global demand for industrial products was negatively impacted by the strengthened U.S. dollar and lower energy prices. As a result, our customers reduced their capital spending. In response to these industrial market conditions, we began to execute a restructuring program in the fourth fiscal quarter of 2015 to reduce our cost structure. We recognized $2.6 million and $8.4 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively. Most of these costs were incurred by our Network Solutions segment. We did not incur any severance and other restructuring costs for this program in 2017. To date, we have incurred a total of $13 million in severance and other restructuring costs for this program. We expect the restructuring program to generate approximately $18 million of savings on an annualized basis, and we are substantially realizing such benefits.
Industrial Manufacturing Footprint Program: 2016 - 2017
In 2016, we began a program to consolidate our manufacturing footprint. The manufacturing consolidation is expected to be completed in 2018. We recognized $10.0 million and $12.5 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively. We recognized $11.4 million and $25.3 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively. The costs were incurred by the Enterprise Solutions and Industrial Solutions segments, as the manufacturing locations involved in the program serve both platforms. To date, we have incurred a total of $43.1 million in severance and other restructuring costs, including manufacturing inefficiencies for this program. We expect to incur approximately $7 million of additional severance and other restructuring costs for this program over 2017 and 2018. We expect the program to generate approximately $13 million of savings on an annualized basis, which we began to realize in the third quarter of 2017.

Grass Valley Restructuring Program: 2015-2016
Our Broadcast Solutions segment’s Grass Valley brand was negatively impacted by a decline in global demand of broadcast technology infrastructure products beginning in 2015. Outside of the U.S., demand for these products was impacted by the relative price increase of products due to the strengthened U.S. dollar as well as the impact of weaker economic conditions which resulted in lower capital spending. Within the U.S., demand for these products was impacted by deferred capital spending. We believe broadcast customers deferred their capital spending as they navigated through a number of important industry transitions and a changing media landscape. In response to these broadcast market conditions, we began to execute a restructuring program beginning in the third fiscal quarter of 2015 to reduce our cost structure. We recognized $0.1 million and $5.1 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively. We did not incur any severance and other restructuring costs for this program in 2017. To date, we have incurred a total of $34.1 million in severance and other restructuring costs for this program. We expect the restructuring program to generate approximately $30 million of savings on an annualized basis, and we are substantially realizing such benefits.












- 15-





The following table summarizes the costs by segment of the various programs described above as well as other immaterial programs and acquisition integration activities:
 
 
Severance     
 
Other
Restructuring and
Integration Costs
 
Total Costs     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended October 1, 2017
 
(In thousands)
Broadcast Solutions
 
$
510

 
$
2,546

 
$
3,056

Enterprise Solutions
 
712

 
5,541

 
6,253

Industrial Solutions
 
712

 
6,128

 
6,840

Network Solutions
 

 
530

 
530

Total
 
$
1,934

 
$
14,745

 
$
16,679

Three Months Ended October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
Broadcast Solutions
 
$
(114
)
 
$
288

 
$
174

Enterprise Solutions
 
(21
)
 
5,594

 
5,573

Industrial Solutions
 
184

 
4,562

 
4,746

Network Solutions
 
1,103

 
1,199

 
2,302

Total
 
$
1,152

 
$
11,643

 
$
12,795

Nine Months Ended October 1, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
Broadcast Solutions
 
$
559

 
$
3,875

 
$
4,434

Enterprise Solutions
 
2,839

 
16,428

 
19,267

Industrial Solutions
 
865

 
7,442

 
8,307

Network Solutions
 

 
831

 
831

Total
 
$
4,263

 
$
28,576

 
$
32,839

Nine Months Ended October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
Broadcast Solutions
 
$
(865
)
 
$
6,736

 
$
5,871

Enterprise Solutions
 
55

 
7,225

 
7,280

Industrial Solutions
 
1,961

 
6,021

 
7,982

Network Solutions
 
3,734

 
2,205

 
5,939

Total
 
$
4,885

 
$
22,187

 
$
27,072

Of the total severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs recognized in the three months ended October 1, 2017, $12.4 million, $4.2 million, and $0.1 million were included in cost of sales; selling, general and administrative expenses; and research and development, respectively. Of the total severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs recognized in the three months ended October 2, 2016, $2.9 million, $9.9 million, and $0.0 million were included in cost of sales; selling, general and administrative expenses; and research and development, respectively.
Of the total severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs recognized in the nine months ended October 1, 2017, $26.5 million, $6.2 million, and $0.1 million were included in cost of sales; selling, general and administrative expenses; and research and development, respectively. Of the total severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs recognized in the nine months ended October 2, 2016, $6.8 million, $19.6 million, and $0.7 million were included in cost of sales; selling, general and administrative expenses; and research and development, respectively.
The other restructuring and integration costs primarily consisted of non-cash pension settlement charges due in part to our restructuring activities as well as equipment transfer, costs to consolidate operating and support facilities, retention bonuses, relocation, travel, legal, and other costs. The majority of the other cash restructuring and integration costs related to these actions were paid as incurred or are payable within the next 60 days.   
There were no significant severance accrual balances as of October 1, 2017 or December 31, 2016.

- 16-



Note 9:  Long-Term Debt and Other Borrowing Arrangements
The carrying values of our long-term debt were as follows:
 
 
October 1, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Revolving credit agreement due 2022
$

 
$

Senior subordinated notes:
 
 
 
3.375% Senior subordinated notes due 2027
528,165

 

4.125% Senior subordinated notes due 2026
234,740

 
209,081

2.875% Senior subordinated notes due 2025
352,110

 

5.25% Senior subordinated notes due 2024
200,000

 
200,000

5.50% Senior subordinated notes due 2023
238,805

 
529,146

5.50% Senior subordinated notes due 2022

 
700,000

9.25% Senior subordinated notes due 2019

 
5,221

Total senior subordinated notes
1,553,820

 
1,643,448

Less unamortized debt issuance costs
(23,743
)
 
(23,287
)
Long-term debt
$
1,530,077

 
$
1,620,161

Revolving Credit Agreement due 2022

On May 16, 2017, we entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the Revolver) to amend and restate our prior Revolving Credit Agreement. The Revolver provides a $400.0 million multi-currency asset-based revolving credit facility. The borrowing base under the Revolver includes eligible accounts receivable; inventory; and property, plant and equipment of certain of our subsidiaries in the U.S., Canada, Germany, and the Netherlands. The maturity date of the Revolver is May 16, 2022. Interest on outstanding borrowings is variable, based upon LIBOR or other similar indices in foreign jurisdictions, plus a spread that ranges from 1.25%-1.75%, depending upon our leverage position. We pay a commitment fee on our available borrowing capacity of 0.25%. In the event we borrow more than 90% of our borrowing base, we are subject to a fixed charge coverage ratio covenant. We recognized a $0.8 million loss on debt extinguishment for unamortized debt issuance costs related to creditors no longer participating in the new Revolver. In connection with executing the Revolver, we paid $2.2 million of fees to creditors and third parties that we will amortize over the remaining term of the Revolver. As of October 1, 2017, we had no borrowings outstanding on the Revolver, and our available borrowing capacity was $314.1 million.
Senior Subordinated Notes
In July 2017, we completed an offering for €450.0 million ($509.5 million at issuance) aggregate principal amount of 3.375% senior subordinated notes due 2027 (the 2027 Notes). The carrying value of the 2027 Notes as of October 1, 2017 is $528.2 million. The 2027 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by our current and future domestic subsidiaries. The 2027 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2026, 2025, 2024, and 2023 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on January 15 and July 15 of each year, beginning on January 15, 2018. We paid approximately $8.7 million of fees associated with the issuance of the 2027 Notes, which will be amortized over the life of the 2027 Notes using the effective interest method. We used the net proceeds from this offering and cash on hand to repurchase all of the $700.0 million 2022 Notes outstanding for cash consideration of $722.7 million. We recognized a $29.8 million loss on debt extinguishment including the write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs.
We have outstanding €200.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.125% senior subordinated notes due 2026 (the 2026 Notes). The carrying value of the 2026 Notes as of October 1, 2017 is $234.7 million. The 2026 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by our current and future domestic subsidiaries. The 2026 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2027, 2025, 2024, and 2023 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on April 15 and October 15 of each year.

- 17-



In September 2017, we completed an offering for €300.0 million ($357.2 million at issuance) aggregate principal amount of 2.875% senior subordinated notes due 2025 (the 2025 Notes). The carrying value of the 2025 Notes as of October 1, 2017 is $352.1 million. The 2025 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by our current and future domestic subsidiaries. The 2025 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2027, 2026, 2024, and 2023 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on March 15 and September 15 of each year, beginning on March 15, 2018. We paid approximately $5.7 million of fees associated with the issuance of the 2025 Notes, which will be amortized over the life of the 2025 Notes using the effective interest method. We used the net proceeds from this offering to repurchase €300.0 million of the €500.0 million 2023 Notes outstanding. See further discussion below.
We have outstanding $200.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.25% senior subordinated notes due 2024 (the 2024 Notes). The 2024 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by certain of our subsidiaries. The 2024 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2027, 2026, 2025, and 2023 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on January 15 and July 15 of each year.
We had outstanding €500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.5% senior subordinated notes due 2023 (the 2023 Notes). In September 2017, we repurchased €300.0 million of the €500.0 million 2023 Notes outstanding for cash consideration of $377.9 million and recognized a $21.8 million loss on debt extinguishment including the write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs. The carrying value of the 2023 Notes as of October 1, 2017 is $238.8 million. The 2023 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by certain of our subsidiaries. The notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2027, 2026, 2025, and 2024 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on April 15 and October 15 of each year.
We had outstanding $5.2 million aggregate principal amount of 9.25% senior subordinated notes due 2019 (the 2019 Notes). On June 15, 2017, we repaid all of the 2019 Notes outstanding, plus accrued interest, and recognized an immaterial loss on debt extinguishment related to unamortized debt issuance costs.
Fair Value of Long-Term Debt
The fair value of our senior subordinated notes as of October 1, 2017 was approximately $1,582.9 million based on quoted prices of the debt instruments in inactive markets (Level 2 valuation). This amount represents the fair values of our senior subordinated notes with a carrying value of $1,553.8 million as of October 1, 2017.
Note 10:  Net Investment Hedge
All of our euro denominated notes were issued by Belden Inc., a USD functional currency ledger. As of October 1, 2017, all of our outstanding foreign denominated debt is designated as a net investment hedge on the foreign currency risk of our net investment in our euro foreign operations. The objective of the hedge is to protect the net investment in the foreign operation against adverse changes in exchange rates. The transaction gain or loss is reported in the cumulative translation adjustment section of other comprehensive income. The amount of the cumulative translation adjustment associated with these notes at October 1, 2017 was $25.3 million.
Note 11:  Income Taxes

We recognized an income tax benefit of $11.1 million and $6.7 million for the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively, representing effective tax rates of 109.3% and (12.0)%, respectively. The effective tax rates were impacted by the following significant factors:

We recognized an income tax benefit of $2.5 million and $8.4 million in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively, as a result of the implementation of a foreign tax credit planning strategy.
Foreign tax rate differences reduced our income tax expense by approximately $1.4 million and $8.4 million in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively. The statutory tax rates associated with our foreign earnings generally are lower than the statutory U.S. tax rate of 35%. This had the greatest impact on our income before taxes that is generated in Germany, Canada, and the Netherlands, which have statutory tax rates of approximately 28%, 26%, and 25%, respectively.
We also recognized an income tax benefit of $6.4 million and $11.7 million in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively, related to non-taxable currency translation gains.

- 18-



All other items impacting the effective tax rate represented a net expense of $2.6 million and $2.3 million in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively.
We recognized income tax expense of $2.4 million for the three months ended October 2, 2016, representing an effective tax rate of 6.2% . We recognized an income tax benefit of $1.1 million for the nine months ended October 2, 2016, representing an effective tax rate of (1.2)%. The effective tax rates were impacted by the following significant factors:
We recognized $2.9 million and $11.0 million of tax benefit in the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively, as the result of securing a significant tax deduction for a foreign currency loss by implementing several transactions related to our international tax structure.
We also recognized a $7.0 million tax benefit in the nine months ended October 2, 2016 for the reduction of deferred tax liabilities related to a previously completed acquisition. As part of an implemented tax planning strategy, we secured a Private Letter Ruling from the Internal Revenue Service that effectively increased the tax basis in the acquired assets to the full fair value. Accordingly, a book-tax difference was eliminated, and we reversed deferred tax liabilities previously recorded, resulting in the tax benefit.
In the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, we recognized tax benefits of $2.2 million and $6.0 million, respectively, as a result of reducing a deferred tax valuation allowance related to net operating loss carryforwards in a foreign jurisdiction. Based on certain restructuring transactions in the nine months ended October 2, 2016, the net operating loss carryforwards are expected to be realizable.
 
The tax benefits described above for the nine months ended October 2, 2016 were partially offset by a $2.7 million tax expense to record a liability for uncertain tax positions in one of our foreign jurisdictions.
Note 12:  Pension and Other Postretirement Obligations
The following table provides the components of net periodic benefit costs for our pension and other postretirement benefit plans:
 
 
 
Pension Obligations
 
Other Postretirement Obligations
Three Months Ended
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Service cost
 
$
1,206

 
$
1,282

 
$
14

 
$
11

Interest cost
 
1,822

 
2,202

 
344

 
305

Expected return on plan assets
 
(2,487
)
 
(2,931
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service credit
 
(10
)
 
(11
)
 

 
(11
)
Actuarial losses
 
633

 
659

 
23

 
29

Settlement loss
 

 
7,385

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
1,164

 
$
8,586

 
$
381

 
$
334

Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
 
$
3,549

 
$
4,118

 
$
41

 
$
40

Interest cost
 
5,391

 
7,020

 
1,000

 
1,152

Expected return on plan assets
 
(7,415
)
 
(9,339
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service credit
 
(30
)
 
(29
)
 

 
(33
)
Actuarial losses
 
1,866

 
2,067

 
68

 
260

Settlement loss
 

 
7,385

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
3,361

 
$
11,222

 
$
1,109

 
$
1,419






- 19-



Note 13:  Comprehensive Income and Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following table summarizes total comprehensive income:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Net income
$
945

 
$
36,072

 
$
62,417

 
$
94,363

Foreign currency translation loss, net of $1.1 million, $0.4 million, $1.5 million, and $1.5 million tax, respectively
(19,535
)
 
(8,762
)
 
(46,478
)
 
(9,855
)
Adjustments to pension and postretirement liability, net of $0.2 million, $3.1 million, $0.7 million, and $3.7 million tax, respectively
397

 
4,952

 
1,171

 
5,934

Total comprehensive income (loss)
(18,193
)
 
32,262

 
17,110

 
90,442

Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(66
)
 
(91
)
 
(306
)
 
(318
)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Belden
$
(18,127
)
 
$
32,353

 
$
17,416

 
$
90,760


The accumulated balances related to each component of other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, are as follows: 

 
Foreign 
Currency    
Translation
Component
 
Pension and 
Other    
Postretirement
Benefit Plans
 
Accumulated
Other 
Comprehensive  
Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2016
$
(4,661
)
 
$
(34,406
)
 
$
(39,067
)
Other comprehensive loss attributable to Belden before reclassifications
(46,446
)
 

 
(46,446
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 
1,171

 
1,171

Net current period other comprehensive loss attributable to Belden
(46,446
)
 
1,171

 
(45,275
)
Balance at October 1, 2017
$
(51,107
)
 
$
(33,235
)
 
$
(84,342
)
The following table summarizes the effects of reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the nine months ended October 1, 2017:

 
  Amount 
Reclassified from  
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income
(Loss)
 
  Affected Line
 Item in the  
Consolidated Statements
of Operations and
Comprehensive Income
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
 
 
Amortization of pension and other postretirement benefit plan items:
 
 
 
Actuarial losses
$
1,934

 
(1)
Prior service credit
(30
)
 
(1)
Total before tax
1,904

 
 
Tax benefit
(733
)
 
 
Total net of tax
$
1,171

 
 
(1) The amortization of these accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) components are included in the computation of net periodic benefit costs (see Note 12).


- 20-



Note 14:  Preferred Stock
On July 26, 2016, we issued 5.2 million depositary shares, each of which represents 1/100th interest in a share of 6.75% Series B Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (the Preferred Stock), for an offering price of $100 per depositary share. Holders of the Preferred Stock may elect to convert their shares into common stock at any time prior to the mandatory conversion date. Unless earlier converted, each share of Preferred Stock will automatically convert into common stock on or around July 15, 2019 into between 120.46 and 132.50 shares of Belden common stock, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments. This represents a range of 6.2 million to 6.9 million shares of Belden common stock to be issued upon conversion. The number of shares of Belden common stock issuable upon the mandatory conversion of the Preferred Stock will be determined based upon the volume-weighted average price of Belden’s common stock over the 20 day trading period beginning on, and including, the 22nd scheduled trading day prior to July 15, 2019. The net proceeds from this offering were approximately $501 million. The net proceeds are for general corporate purposes. With respect to dividend and liquidation rights, the Preferred Stock ranks senior to our common stock and junior to all of our existing and future indebtedness. During the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, dividends on the Preferred Stock were $8.7 million and $26.2 million, respectively.
Note 15: Share Repurchases
On May 25, 2017, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program, which allows us to purchase up to $200.0 million of our common stock through open market repurchases, negotiated transactions, or other means, in accordance with applicable securities laws and other restrictions. This program is funded with cash on hand and cash flows from operating activities. The program does not have an expiration date and may be suspended at any time at the discretion of the Company. During both the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, we repurchased 0.2 million shares of our common stock under the share repurchase program for an aggregate cost of $11.5 million and an average price per share of $76.16.

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Item 2:       Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview
Belden Inc. (the Company, us, we, or our) is a signal transmission solutions company built around four global business platforms – Broadcast Solutions, Enterprise Solutions, Industrial Solutions, and Network Solutions. Our comprehensive portfolio of signal transmission solutions provides industry leading secure and reliable transmission of data, sound, and video for mission critical applications.
We strive for operational excellence through the execution of our Belden Business System, which includes three areas of focus: Lean enterprise initiatives, our Market Delivery System, and our Talent Management System. Through operational excellence we generate significant free cash flow on an annual basis. We utilize the cash flow generated by our business to fuel our continued transformation and generate shareholder value. We believe our business system, balance across markets and geographies, systematic go-to-market approach, extensive portfolio of innovative solutions, commitment to Lean principles, and improving margins present a unique value proposition for shareholders.
We use a set of tools and processes that are designed to continuously improve business performance in the critical areas of quality, delivery, cost, and innovation. We consider revenue growth, Adjusted EBITDA margin, free cash flows, and return on invested capital to be our key operating performance indicators. We also seek to acquire businesses that we believe can help us achieve these objectives.
Trends and Events
The following trends and events during 2017 have had varying effects on our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.
Foreign currency
Our exposure to currency rate fluctuations primarily relates to exchange rate movements between the U.S. dollar and the Euro, Canadian dollar, Hong Kong dollar, Chinese yuan, Japanese yen, Mexican peso, Australian dollar, British pound, and Brazilian real. Generally, as the U.S. dollar strengthens against these foreign currencies, our revenues and earnings are negatively impacted as our foreign denominated revenues and earnings are translated into U.S. dollars at a lower rate. Conversely, as the U.S. dollar weakens against foreign currencies, our revenues and earnings are positively impacted. During the nine months ended October 1, 2017, approximately 47% of our consolidated revenues were to customers outside of the U.S.
In addition to the translation impact described above, currency rate fluctuations have an economic impact on our financial results. As the U.S. dollar strengthens or weakens against foreign currencies, it results in a relative price increase or decrease for certain of our products that are priced in U.S. dollars in a foreign location.
Commodity prices
Our operating results can be affected by changes in prices of commodities, primarily copper and compounds, which are components in some of the products we sell. Generally, as the costs of inventory purchases increase due to higher commodity prices, we raise selling prices to customers to cover the increase in costs, resulting in higher sales revenue but a lower gross profit percentage. Conversely, a decrease in commodity prices would result in lower sales revenue but a higher gross profit percentage. Selling prices of our products are affected by many factors, including end market demand, capacity utilization, overall economic conditions, and commodity prices. Importantly, however, there is no exact measure of the effect of changing commodity prices, as there are thousands of transactions in any given quarter, each of which has various factors involved in the individual pricing decisions. Therefore, all references to the effect of copper prices or other commodity prices are estimates.
Channel Inventory
Our operating results also can be affected by the levels of Belden products purchased and held as inventory by our channel partners and customers. Our channel partners and customers purchase and hold the products they bought from us in their inventory in order to meet the service and on-time delivery requirements of their customers. Generally, as our channel partners and customers change the level of products they buy from us and hold in their inventory, it impacts our revenues. Comparisons of our results between periods can be impacted by changes in the levels of channel inventory. We use information provided to us by our channel partners

- 22-



and make certain assumptions based on our sales to them to determine the amount of products they bought from us and hold in their inventory. As such, all references to the effect of channel inventory changes are estimates.
Market Growth and Market Share
The markets in which we operate can generally be characterized as highly competitive and highly fragmented, with many players. We monitor available data regarding market growth, including independent market research reports, publicly available indices, and the financial results of our direct and indirect peer companies, in order to estimate the extent to which our served markets grew or contracted during a particular period. We expect that our unit sales volume will increase or decrease consistently with the market growth rate. Our strategic goal is to utilize our Market Delivery System to target faster growing geographies, applications, and trends within our end markets, in order to achieve growth that is higher than the general market growth rate. To the extent that we exceed the market growth rates, we consider it to be the result of capturing market share.
Operating Segments
To leverage the Company's strengths in networking, IoT, and cybersecurity technologies, effective January 1, 2017, we formed a new segment called Network Solutions, which represents the combination of the prior Industrial IT Solutions and Network Security Solutions segments.  The formation is a natural evolution in our organic and inorganic strategies for a range of industrial and non-industrial applications.  We have revised the prior period segment information to conform to the change in the composition of these reportable segments.  In connection with this change, we re-evaluated the useful life of the Tripwire trademark and concluded that an indefinite life is no longer appropriate. We have estimated a useful life of 10 years and will re-evaluate this estimate if and when our expected use of the Tripwire trademark changes. We began amortizing the Tripwire trademark in the first quarter of 2017, which resulted in amortization expense of $0.8 million and $2.4 million for the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively. As of October 1, 2017, the net book value of the Tripwire trademark was $28.6 million. See Note 4.
Acquisitions

We completed the acquisition of Thinklogical Holdings, LLC (Thinklogical) on May 31, 2017. The results of Thinklogical have been included in our Consolidated Financial Statements from the acquisition date and are reported in the Broadcast Solutions segment. See Note 2.
 
Industrial Manufacturing Footprint Program

In 2016, we began a program to consolidate our manufacturing footprint. The manufacturing consolidation is expected to be completed in 2018. We recognized $11.4 million and $25.3 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively. The costs were incurred by the Enterprise Solutions and Industrial Solutions segments, as the manufacturing locations involved in the program serve both platforms. We expect to incur approximately $7 million of additional severance and other restructuring costs for this program in 2017 and 2018. We expect the program to generate approximately $13 million of savings on an annualized basis, which we began to realize in the third quarter of 2017.
Long-term Debt

In July 2017, we issued €450.0 million aggregate principal amount of new senior subordinated notes due 2027 at an interest rate of 3.375%. We used the net proceeds of this offering and cash on hand to repurchase all of our outstanding $700.0 million 5.5% senior subordinated notes due 2022. In September, we issued €300.0 million aggregate principal amount of new senior subordinated notes due 2025 at an interest rate of 2.875%. We used the net proceeds of this offering to repurchase €300.0 million of our outstanding €500.0 million 5.5% senior subordinated notes due 2023. We recognized a loss on debt extinguishment in the third quarter of approximately $51.6 million for the premium paid to the bond holders to retire the 2022 and 2023 notes and for the unamortized debt issuance costs that we wrote-off.

In May 2017, we entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the Revolver) to amend and restate our prior Revolving Credit Agreement. The Revolver provides a $400.0 million multi-currency asset-based revolving credit facility. We recognized a $0.8 million loss on debt extinguishment for unamortized debt issuance costs related to creditors no longer participating in the new Revolver. In connection with executing the Revolver, we paid $2.2 million of fees to creditors and third parties that we will amortize over the remaining term of the Revolver. As of October 1, 2017, we had no borrowings outstanding on the Revolver, and our available borrowing capacity was $314.1 million. Additionally, in June 2017, we repaid all of the outstanding $5.2 million aggregate principal amount of 9.25% senior subordinated notes due 2019, plus accrued interest, and recognized an immaterial loss on debt extinguishment related to unamortized debt issuance costs. See Note 9.

- 23-



Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows that are or would be considered material to investors.
Critical Accounting Policies
During the nine months ended October 1, 2017:
We did not change any of our existing critical accounting policies from those listed in our 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K;
No existing accounting policies became critical accounting policies because of an increase in the materiality of associated transactions or changes in the circumstances to which associated judgments and estimates relate; and
There were no significant changes in the manner in which critical accounting policies were applied or in which related judgments and estimates were developed, except for the change in the Tripwire trademark discussed above.
Results of Operations
Consolidated Income before Taxes
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
%
Change  
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
%
Change  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except percentages)
 
 
Revenues
$
621,745

 
$
601,109

 
3.4
 %
 
$
1,783,759

 
$
1,744,237

 
2.3
 %
Gross profit
239,824

 
245,962

 
(2.5
)%
 
704,447

 
719,210

 
(2.1
)%
Selling, general and administrative expenses
(116,429
)
 
(126,662
)
 
(8.1
)%
 
(346,786
)
 
(372,125
)
 
(6.8
)%
Research and development
(35,442
)
 
(33,512
)
 
5.8
 %
 
(105,108
)
 
(106,297
)
 
(1.1
)%
Amortization of intangibles
(27,162
)
 
(23,808
)
 
14.1
 %
 
(77,944
)
 
(75,603
)
 
3.1
 %
Operating income
60,791

 
61,980

 
(1.9
)%
 
174,609

 
165,185

 
5.7
 %
Interest expense, net
(19,385
)
 
(23,513
)
 
(17.6
)%
 
(66,424
)
 
(71,958
)
 
(7.7
)%
Loss on debt extinguishment
(51,594
)
 

 
100.0
 %
 
(52,441
)
 

 
100.0
 %
Income (loss) before taxes
(10,188
)
 
38,467

 
(126.5
)%
 
55,744

 
93,227

 
(40.2
)%
Revenues increased in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017 from the comparable periods of 2016 due to the following factors:

Higher copper costs contributed $5.1 million and $22.6 million to the increase in revenues in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively.
Acquisitions contributed $11.6 million and $21.8 million to the increase in revenues, respectively.
Currency translation had an $8.1 million favorable impact and a $2.3 million unfavorable impact to revenues, respectively.
Lower sales volume resulted in a $4.2 million and $2.5 million decrease in revenues, respectively.

Gross profit decreased in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017 from the comparable periods of 2016 due to increases in severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs in cost of sales of $9.5 million and $19.7 million, respectively, and declines in volume. These decreases were partially offset by the impact of acquisitions and productivity resulting from our restructuring actions. Furthermore, the increase in copper costs which result in higher revenues as discussed above, has minimal impact to gross profit dollars, and as a result, lowers gross profit margins.
Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $10.2 million and $25.3 million, respectively, in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017 from the comparable periods of 2016. Decreases in severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs contributed $5.7 million and $13.4 million, respectively. The remaining decreases were primarily due to improved productivity.

Research and development expenses increased $1.9 million in the three months ended October 1, 2017 from the comparable period of 2016. Acquisitions, currency translation, and increases in severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs contributed

- 24-



$0.5 million, $0.4 million, and $0.1 million, respectively, to the increase in research and development expense in the three months ended October 1, 2017. The remaining increase is due to investments in research and development.

Research and development expenses decreased $1.2 million in the nine months ended October 1, 2017 from the comparable period of 2016. Improved productivity, currency translation, and decreases in severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs contributed $1.1 million, $0.4 million, and $0.6 million, respectively, to the decrease in research and development expense in the nine months ended October 1, 2017. These decreases were partially offset by the impact of acquisitions, which increased research and development expense by $0.9 million in the nine months ended October 1, 2017.

Amortization of intangibles increased $3.4 million and $2.3 million, respectively, in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017 from the comparable periods of 2016. This is primarily due to the acquisition of Thinklogical and amortization from the Tripwire trademark, which we began amortizing in 2017. These increases were partially offset by the intangible assets classified as held for sale for which we ceased amortizing in the fourth quarter of 2016 (see Note 3).
Operating income decreased $1.2 million in the three months ended October 1, 2017 from the comparable period of 2016 primarily due to the decrease in gross profit, increase in research and development, and increase in amortization expense, partially offset by the decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses discussed above. Operating income increased $9.4 million in the nine months ended October 1, 2017 from the comparable period of 2016 primarily due to the decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses and research and development, partially offset by the decrease in gross profit and increase in amortization expense discussed above.
Net interest expense decreased $4.1 million and $5.5 million, respectively, in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017 from the comparable periods of 2016 as a result of debt transactions during 2017. In July 2017, we issued €450.0 million aggregate principal amount of new senior subordinated notes due 2027 at an interest rate of 3.375%. We used the net proceeds of this offering and cash on hand to repurchase all of our outstanding $700.0 million 5.5% senior subordinated notes due 2022. In September 2017, we issued €300.0 million aggregate principal amount of new senior subordinated notes due 2025 at an interest rate of 2.875%. We used the net proceeds of this offering to repurchase €300.0 million of our outstanding €500.0 million 5.5% senior subordinated notes due 2023.
Loss on debt extinguishment was $51.6 million and $52.4 million, respectively, in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017 as a result of debt transactions during 2017. The loss on debt extinguishment recognized in the third quarter of 2017 represents the premium paid to the bond holders to retire the 2022 and 2023 notes and for the unamortized debt issuance costs written-off. The additional $0.8 million in the nine months ended October 1, 2017 represents the unamortized debt issuance costs that were written-off for the creditors no longer participating in the Revolving Credit Agreement, which we refinanced in May 2017 (see Note 9).
For the three months ended October 1, 2017, we recognized a $10.2 million loss before taxes, as compared to $38.5 million of income before taxes in the year ago period. Income before taxes decreased $37.5 million in the nine months ended October 1, 2017 from the comparable period of 2016. In addition to the changes in operating income, these decreases are predominantly due to the loss on debt extinguishment, partially offset by the decrease in interest expense, both discussed above (see Note 9).
Income Taxes

 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
%
Change  
 
October 1, 2017
 
October 2, 2016
 
%
Change  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except percentages)
 
 
Income (loss) before taxes
$
(10,188
)
 
$
38,467

 
(126.5