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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.rsgex32233117.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.rsgex32133117.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.rsgex31233117.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.rsgex31133117.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_________________________________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
 _________________________________________________________
(Mark One)
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2017
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                  to                     
Commission File Number: 1-14267
_________________________________________________________ 
REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_________________________________________________________ 
DELAWARE
65-0716904
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
18500 NORTH ALLIED WAY
PHOENIX, ARIZONA
85054
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (480) 627-2700
_________________________________________________________ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
þ
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
¨
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  þ
As of April 20, 2017, the registrant had outstanding 338,081,697 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (excluding treasury shares of 11,271,261).



REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
INDEX
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
 

2


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions, except per share data)
 
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
33.2

 
$
67.8

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts and other of $46.3 and $44.0, respectively
1,017.4

 
994.8

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
183.8

 
221.9

Total current assets
1,234.4

 
1,284.5

Restricted cash and marketable securities
90.8

 
90.5

Property and equipment, net
7,592.8

 
7,588.6

Goodwill
11,184.3

 
11,163.2

Other intangible assets, net
173.0

 
182.3

Other assets
320.5

 
320.5

Total assets
$
20,595.8

 
$
20,629.6

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
520.8

 
$
553.8

Notes payable and current maturities of long-term debt
6.2

 
5.8

Deferred revenue
325.4

 
312.9

Accrued landfill and environmental costs, current portion
135.7

 
142.7

Accrued interest
69.2

 
71.8

Other accrued liabilities
719.9

 
725.0

Total current liabilities
1,777.2

 
1,812.0

Long-term debt, net of current maturities
7,663.9

 
7,653.1

Accrued landfill and environmental costs, net of current portion
1,675.9

 
1,684.8

Deferred income taxes and other long-term tax liabilities
1,218.5

 
1,210.2

Insurance reserves, net of current portion
271.0

 
274.6

Other long-term liabilities
303.6

 
301.2

Commitments and contingencies

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share; 50 shares authorized; none issued

 

Common stock, par value $0.01 per share; 750 shares authorized; 349.3 and 348.2 issued including shares held in treasury, respectively
3.5

 
3.5

Additional paid-in capital
4,788.5

 
4,764.5

Retained earnings
3,402.5

 
3,324.0

Treasury stock, at cost; 10.5 and 8.8 shares, respectively
(524.7
)
 
(414.9
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax
13.5

 
14.2

Total Republic Services, Inc. stockholders’ equity
7,683.3

 
7,691.3

Noncontrolling interests in consolidated subsidiary
2.4

 
2.4

Total stockholders’ equity
7,685.7

 
7,693.7

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
20,595.8

 
$
20,629.6

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

3


REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in millions, except per share data)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Revenue
$
2,392.8

 
$
2,248.6

Expenses:
 
 
 
Cost of operations
1,484.1

 
1,381.4

Depreciation, amortization and depletion
249.9

 
243.2

Accretion
20.0

 
19.8

Selling, general and administrative
253.5

 
241.2

Withdrawal costs - multiemployer pension funds
1.1

 
5.6

Gain on disposition of assets and asset impairments, net
(8.3
)
 

Restructuring charges
4.4

 
11.9

Operating income
388.1

 
345.5

Interest expense
(89.4
)
 
(92.7
)
Loss from unconsolidated equity method investment
(2.9
)
 

Interest income
0.3

 
0.5

Other (expense) income, net
0.1

 
(0.7
)
Income before income taxes
296.2

 
252.6

Provision for income taxes
108.4

 
95.7

Net income
187.8

 
156.9

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests in consolidated subsidiary

 
(0.2
)
Net income attributable to Republic Services, Inc.
$
187.8

 
$
156.7

Basic earnings per share attributable to Republic Services, Inc. stockholders:
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
$
0.55

 
$
0.45

Weighted average common shares outstanding
339.9

 
345.4

Diluted earnings per share attributable to Republic Services, Inc. stockholders:
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share
$
0.55

 
$
0.45

Weighted average common and common equivalent shares outstanding
341.9

 
346.7

Cash dividends per common share
$
0.32

 
$
0.30

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.


4


REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in millions)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Net income
$
187.8

 
$
156.9

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 
 
 
Hedging activity:
 
 
 
Settlements
(1.0
)
 
(6.1
)
Realized loss reclassified into earnings
1.4

 
6.3

Unrealized loss
(1.1
)
 
(0.8
)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(0.7
)
 
(0.6
)
Comprehensive income
187.1

 
156.3

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

 
(0.2
)
Comprehensive income attributable to Republic Services, Inc.
$
187.1

 
$
156.1

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.


5


REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in millions)
 
 
Republic Services, Inc. Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Treasury Stock
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, Net of Tax
 
Noncontrolling
Interests In Consolidated Subsidiary
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2016
348.2

 
$
3.5

 
$
4,764.5

 
$
3,324.0

 
(8.8
)
 
$
(414.9
)
 
$
14.2

 
$
2.4

 
$
7,693.7

Net income

 

 

 
187.8

 

 

 

 

 
187.8

Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

 
(0.7
)
 

 
(0.7
)
Cash dividends declared

 

 

 
(108.4
)
 

 

 

 

 
(108.4
)
Issuances of common stock
1.1

 

 
13.5

 

 

 

 

 

 
13.5

Stock-based compensation

 

 
10.5

 
(0.9
)
 

 

 

 

 
9.6

Purchase of common stock for treasury

 

 

 

 
(1.7
)
 
(109.8
)
 

 

 
(109.8
)
Balance as of March 31, 2017
349.3

 
$
3.5

 
$
4,788.5

 
$
3,402.5

 
(10.5
)
 
$
(524.7
)
 
$
13.5

 
$
2.4

 
$
7,685.7

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.


6


REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
187.8

 
$
156.9

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation, amortization, depletion and accretion
269.9

 
263.0

Non-cash interest expense
10.9

 
11.6

Restructuring related charges
4.4

 
11.9

Stock-based compensation
9.6

 
6.5

Deferred tax provision (benefit)
8.7

 
(3.3
)
Provision for doubtful accounts, net of adjustments
5.4

 
4.6

Gain on disposition of assets and asset impairments, net
(9.0
)
 
(0.9
)
Withdrawal costs - multiemployer pension funds
1.1

 
5.6

Loss from unconsolidated equity method investment
2.9

 

Excess income tax benefit from stock-based compensation activity and other non-cash items
1.3

 
(4.1
)
Change in assets and liabilities, net of effects from business acquisitions and divestitures:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(26.1
)
 
22.6

Prepaid expenses and other assets
33.0

 
(44.1
)
Accounts payable
(18.2
)
 
(39.7
)
Restructuring expenditures
(5.5
)
 
(5.3
)
Capping, closure and post-closure expenditures
(9.7
)
 
(11.7
)
Remediation expenditures
(11.3
)
 
(14.8
)
Other liabilities
(10.9
)
 
72.7

Cash provided by operating activities
444.3

 
431.5

Cash used in investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment
(223.9
)
 
(271.5
)
Proceeds from sales of property and equipment
1.3

 
2.9

Cash used in business acquisitions and investments, net of cash acquired
(54.7
)
 
(6.0
)
Cash used in business divestitures
(14.5
)
 

Change in restricted cash and marketable securities
(0.3
)
 
4.6

Other
(0.1
)
 
(0.2
)
Cash used in investing activities
(292.2
)
 
(270.2
)
Cash used in financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from notes payable and long-term debt
1,085.3

 
812.0

Payments of notes payable and long-term debt
(1,076.2
)
 
(798.6
)
Issuances of common stock
13.5

 
12.8

Excess income tax benefit from stock-based compensation activity

 
3.9

Purchases of common stock for treasury
(98.9
)
 
(85.8
)
Cash dividends paid
(108.6
)
 
(103.7
)
Other
(1.8
)
 
(0.9
)
Cash used in financing activities
(186.7
)
 
(160.3
)
(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
(34.6
)
 
1.0

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
67.8

 
32.4

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
33.2

 
$
33.4

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.


7


REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Republic Services, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries (also referred to collectively as Republic, the Company, we, us, or our), is the second largest provider of non-hazardous solid waste collection, transfer, recycling, disposal and energy services in the United States, as measured by revenue. We manage and evaluate our operations through two field groups, Group 1 and Group 2, which we have identified as our reportable segments.
The unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Republic and its wholly owned and majority owned subsidiaries in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP). We account for investments in entities in which we do not have a controlling financial interest under either the equity method or cost method of accounting, as appropriate. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
We have prepared these unaudited consolidated financial statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Certain information related to our organization, significant accounting policies and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP has been condensed or omitted. In the opinion of management, these financial statements include all adjustments that, unless otherwise disclosed, are of a normal recurring nature and necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results you can expect for a full year. You should read these financial statements in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto appearing in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.
For comparative purposes, certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. All dollar amounts in tabular presentations are in millions, except per share amounts and unless otherwise noted.
Management’s Estimates and Assumptions
In preparing our financial statements, we make numerous estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in these financial statements and accompanying notes. We must make these estimates and assumptions because certain information we use is dependent on future events, cannot be calculated with a high degree of precision from data available or simply cannot be readily calculated based on generally accepted methodologies. In preparing our financial statements, the more critical and subjective areas that deal with the greatest amount of uncertainty relate to our accounting for our long-lived assets, including recoverability, landfill development costs, and final capping, closure and post-closure costs; our valuation allowances for accounts receivable and deferred tax assets; our liabilities for potential litigation, claims and assessments; our liabilities for environmental remediation, multiemployer pension funds, employee benefit plans, deferred taxes, uncertain tax positions, and insurance reserves; and our estimates of the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in any acquisition. Each of these items is discussed in more detail in our description of our significant accounting policies in Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016. Our actual results may differ significantly from our estimates.
New Accounting Pronouncements
Revenue Recognition
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, which created Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and Subtopic 340-40, Other Assets and Deferred Costs - Contracts with Customers. The new standard requires the use of a five step methodology to depict the transfer of promised goods and services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The standard also requires enhanced disclosures regarding revenue recognition. Due to the complexity of the new standard, the FASB subsequently issued several amendments intended to clarify ASU 2014-09. In July 2015, the FASB voted to amend the guidance by approving a one-year deferral of the effective date. As such, Republic will adopt the standard beginning January 1, 2018. As we progress to adopt the standard we continually monitor clarifying interpretations.
The new standard must be adopted using either a full retrospective approach for all periods presented in the period of adoption or a modified retrospective approach. We currently plan to adopt the standard using the modified retrospective approach and recognize a cumulative effect adjustment to Retained Earnings as of the date of adoption. Under ASU 2014-09, we will record revenue when control is transferred to the customer, generally at the time we provide waste collection services. We continue to assess our operating results under ASU 2014-09 for our residential, small-container, and large-container collection businesses, and we do not anticipate a significant change to the pattern or timing of revenue recognition as a result of adopting the new standard. We are also evaluating the effect of adopting this guidance on our transfer, landfill, recycling and energy services lines

8

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

of business, and we expect our operating results to remain significantly unchanged. In addition, we are assessing the effect this guidance may have on the recognition of costs we incur to obtain and fulfill our contracts, certain of which we currently expense as incurred.
We are assessing the disclosure requirements under ASU 2014-09, and we anticipate disclosing additional information, as necessary, to supplement our disaggregated revenue disclosure, as currently presented in our table showing total reported revenue by service line, and our discussion regarding the nature of our customer contracts included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016.
Other Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which increases transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. This guidance requires lessees to recognize lease assets and liabilities for most leases classified as operating leases under previous U.S. GAAP. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. We are currently assessing the potential effect this guidance may have on our consolidated financial statements.
On January 1, 2017, Republic adopted the guidance in ASU 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718) (ASU 2016-09). Under ASU 2016-09, entities are permitted to make an accounting policy election to either estimate forfeitures on share-based payment awards, as previously required, or to recognize forfeitures as they occur. We have elected to recognize forfeitures as they occur and the impact of that change in accounting policy has been evaluated and determined to be insignificant and resulted in no cumulative-effect change to our retained earnings. Additionally, ASU 2016-09 requires that all income tax effects related to settlements of share-based payment awards generally be reported in earnings as an increase or decrease to our income tax expense (benefit), net. Previously, income tax benefits at settlement of an award were reported as an increase (or decrease) to our additional paid-in capital to the extent that those benefits were greater than (or less than) the income tax benefits reported in earnings during the award's vesting period. The requirement to report those income tax effects in earnings has been applied on a prospective basis to settlements occurring on or after January 1, 2017 and the impact of applying that guidance was an $8.9 million reduction to the current tax provision in the consolidated financial statements for the period ended March 31, 2017.
ASU 2016-09 also requires that all income tax-related cash flows resulting from share-based payments be reported as operating activities in the statement of cash flows. Previously, income tax benefits at settlement of an award were reported as a reduction to operating cash flows and an increase to financing cash flows to the extent that those benefits exceeded the income tax benefits reported in earnings during the award's vesting period. Republic has elected to apply that change in cash flow classification on a prospective basis, leaving previously reported net cash provided by operating activities and net cash used in financing activities in the accompanying Unaudited Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the period ended March 31, 2016 unchanged. The remaining provisions of ASU 2016-09 did not have a material impact on the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) - Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. This ASU provides guidance on debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs, settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments or other debt instruments with coupon interest rates that are insignificant in relation to the effective interest rate of the borrowing, contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims, proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies, including bank-owned life insurance policies, distributions received from equity method investees, beneficial interests in securitization transactions, and separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The ASU will be applied using a retrospective transition method to each period presented. We are currently assessing the potential effect this guidance may have on our consolidated financial statements. However, at this time we do not expect significant changes to our reported cash flows.
In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) - Restricted Cash. This guidance clarifies how entities should present restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents in the statement of cash flows. The guidance requires that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. The ASU will be applied using a retrospective transition method to each period presented. We are currently assessing the potential effect this guidance may have on our consolidated financial statements.

9

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805) - Clarifying the Definition of Business. This guidance assists entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The new guidance provides a screen that when substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired (or disposed of) is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets, the set is not a business. If the screen is not met, the entity then evaluates whether the set meets the requirement that a business include, at a minimum, an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create outputs. The guidance is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. The ASU will be applied prospectively to any transactions occurring within the period of adoption. Early adoption is permitted, including for interim or annual periods in which the financial statements have not been issued or made available for issuance. We are currently assessing the potential effect this guidance may have on our consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) - Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. Under this guidance, entities should perform their annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. Entities should recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value; however, the loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. Additionally, entities should consider income tax effects from any tax deductible goodwill on the carrying amount of the reporting unit when measuring the goodwill impairment loss, if applicable. The guidance is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those years. The ASU will be applied prospectively. Early adoption is permitted for interim and annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. We are currently assessing the potential effect this guidance may have on our consolidated financial statements. However, at this time we do not expect any material impacts from adoption.
In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, Compensation - Retirement Benefits (Topic 715) - Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost. The amendments require that an employer report the service cost component in the same line item or items as other compensation costs arising from services rendered by the pertinent employees during the period. The other components of net benefit cost are required to be presented in the income statement separately from the service cost component and outside a subtotal of income from operations, if one is presented. If a separate line item or items are used to present the other components of net benefit cost, that line item or items must be appropriately described. If a separate line item or items are not used, the line item or items used in the income statement to present the other components of net benefit cost must be disclosed. The amendments also allow only the service cost component to be eligible for capitalization when applicable (e.g., as a cost of internally manufactured inventory or a self-constructed asset). The guidance is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. The ASU will be applied retrospectively for the presentation of the service cost component and the other components of net periodic pension cost and net periodic postretirement benefit cost in the income statement and prospectively, on and after the effective date, for the capitalization of the service cost component of net periodic pension cost and net periodic postretirement benefit in assets. Early adoption is permitted as of the beginning of an annual period for which financial statements (interim or annual) have not been issued or made available for issuance. We are currently assessing the potential effect this guidance may have on our consolidated financial statements. Service costs for the year ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 were $1.5 million and $2.9 million, respectively.

10

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

2. BUSINESS ACQUISITIONS AND RESTRUCTURING CHARGES
Acquisitions
We acquired various waste businesses during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.  The purchase price for these acquisitions and the allocations of the purchase price follow:
 
2017
 
2016
Purchase price:
 
 
 
Cash used in acquisitions, net of cash acquired
$
54.7

 
$
6.0

Holdbacks
1.5

 
0.1

Total
56.2

 
6.1

Allocated as follows:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
2.2

 
0.1

Property and equipment
23.7

 
1.8

Other assets

 
0.1

Inventory
0.4

 

Environmental remediation liabilities

 
(0.1
)
Closure and post-closure liabilities

 
(0.1
)
Other liabilities
(1.9
)
 
(0.1
)
Fair value of tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed
24.4

 
1.7

Excess purchase price to be allocated
$
31.8

 
$
4.4

Excess purchase price allocated as follows:
 
 
 
Other intangible assets
$
7.3

 
$
1.5

Goodwill
24.5

 
2.9

Total allocated
$
31.8

 
$
4.4

The purchase price allocations are preliminary and are based on information existing at the acquisition dates. Accordingly, the purchase price allocations are subject to change. Substantially all of the goodwill and intangible assets recorded for these acquisitions are deductible for tax purposes. These acquisitions are not material to the Company's results of operations, individually or in the aggregate. As a result, no pro forma financial information is provided.
Restructuring Charges
In January 2016, we realigned our field support functions by combining our three regions into two field groups, consolidating our areas and streamlining select operational support roles at our Phoenix headquarters. These changes included reducing administrative staffing levels, relocating office space and closing certain office locations.  Additionally during 2016, we began the redesign of our back-office functions as well as the consolidation of over 100 customer service locations into three Customer Resource Centers. The savings realized from these restructuring efforts have been reinvested in our customer-focused programs and initiatives. We expect our consolidation efforts to continue through 2017.
During the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, we incurred $4.4 million and $11.9 million, respectively, of restructuring charges that consisted of severance and other employee termination benefits, transition costs, relocation benefits, and the closure of offices with lease agreements with non-cancelable terms. During the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, we paid $5.5 million and $5.3 million, respectively, related to these restructuring efforts. We expect to incur additional charges of approximately $10 million through 2017 related to our field realignment, the consolidation of our customer service locations, and the redesign of our back-office functions. Substantially all of these restructuring charges will be recorded in our corporate segment.
3. GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS, NET
In January 2016, we realigned our field support functions by combining our three regions into two field groups, consolidating our areas and streamlining select operational support roles at our Phoenix headquarters.  Following our restructuring, our senior management now evaluates, oversees and manages the financial performance of our operations through two field groups, referred to as Group 1 and Group 2.

11

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

During the first quarter of 2016, we determined that our 2016 reportable segments are Group 1 and Group 2. We also evaluated our reporting units and determined that our 2016 reporting units are our reportable segments. We allocated goodwill to the new reporting units using a relative fair value approach and determined that there were no indicators of goodwill impairment.
Goodwill
A summary of the activity and balances in goodwill accounts by reporting segment follows:
 
 
Balance as of December 31, 2016
 
Acquisitions
 
Divestitures
 
Adjustments to
Acquisitions and Other
 
Balance as of March 31, 2017
Group 1
 
$
5,258.2

 
$

 
$
(3.0
)
 
$
(6.1
)
 
$
5,249.1

Group 2
 
5,905.0

 
24.5

 

 
5.7

 
5,935.2

Total
 
$
11,163.2

 
$
24.5

 
$
(3.0
)
 
$
(0.4
)
 
$
11,184.3

Adjustments to acquisitions during the three months ended March 31, 2017 primarily related to deferred taxes, which were recorded to goodwill in purchase accounting.
Other Intangible Assets, Net
Other intangible assets, net, include values assigned to customer relationships, franchise agreements, other municipal agreements, non-compete agreements and trade names, and are amortized over periods ranging from 1 to 20 years. A summary of the activity and balances by intangible asset type follows:
 
Gross Intangible Assets
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Other Intangible Assets, Net as of March 31, 2017
 
Balance as of December 31, 2016
 
Acquisitions
 
Balance as of March 31, 2017
 
Balance as of December 31, 2016
 
Additions
Charged to
Expense
 
Balance as of March 31, 2017
 
Customer relationships, franchise and other municipal agreements
$
650.8

 
$
0.7

 
$
651.5

 
$
(492.5
)
 
$
(15.6
)
 
$
(508.1
)
 
$
143.4

Non-compete agreements
32.1

 
1.0

 
33.1

 
(25.3
)
 
(0.8
)
 
(26.1
)
 
7.0

Other intangible assets
67.0

 
5.6

 
72.6

 
(49.8
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(50.0
)
 
22.6

Total
$
749.9

 
$
7.3

 
$
757.2

 
$
(567.6
)
 
$
(16.6
)
 
$
(584.2
)
 
$
173.0

4. OTHER ASSETS
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
A summary of prepaid expenses and other current assets as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 follows:
 
2017
 
2016
Inventories
$
45.0

 
$
44.0

Prepaid expenses
74.2

 
74.5

Other non-trade receivables
31.2

 
31.4

Reinsurance receivable
20.6

 
15.0

Income tax receivable
7.9

 
51.5

Commodity and fuel hedge assets
0.3

 

Other current assets
4.6

 
5.5

Total
$
183.8

 
$
221.9


12

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

Other Assets
A summary of other assets as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 follows:
 
2017
 
2016
Deferred compensation plan
$
91.8

 
$
87.9

Amounts recoverable for capping, closure and post-closure obligations
28.3

 
27.7

Reinsurance receivable
68.8

 
69.7

Interest rate swaps
32.3

 
32.4

Investments
21.7

 
24.8

Other
77.6

 
78.0

Total
$
320.5

 
$
320.5

5. OTHER LIABILITIES
Other Accrued Liabilities
A summary of other accrued liabilities as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 follows:
 
2017
 
2016
Accrued payroll and benefits
$
140.4

 
$
195.4

Accrued fees and taxes
121.2

 
131.2

Insurance reserves, current portion
137.6

 
143.9

Ceded insurance reserves, current portion
20.6

 
15.0

Accrued dividends
108.4

 
108.6

Current tax liabilities
56.1

 
1.4

Commodity and fuel hedge liabilities
7.2

 
5.9

Accrued professional fees and legal settlement reserves
44.7

 
49.2

Other
83.7

 
74.4

Total
$
719.9

 
$
725.0

Other Long-Term Liabilities
A summary of other long-term liabilities as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 follows:
 
2017
 
2016
Deferred compensation plan
$
98.7

 
$
88.3

Pension and other post-retirement liabilities
6.4

 
6.7

Ceded insurance reserves
68.8

 
69.7

Withdrawal liability - multiemployer pension funds
12.8

 
11.7

Contingent consideration and acquisition holdbacks
66.9

 
66.0

Other
50.0

 
58.8

Total
$
303.6

 
$
301.2

Insurance Reserves
Our liabilities for unpaid and incurred but not reported claims as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 (which include claims for workers’ compensation, commercial general and auto liability, and employee-related health care benefits) were $408.6 million and $418.5 million, respectively, under our risk management program and are included in other accrued liabilities and insurance reserves, net of current portion, in our consolidated balance sheets. While the ultimate amount of claims incurred depends on future developments, we believe the recorded reserves are adequate to cover the future payment of claims; however, it is possible that these recorded reserves may not be adequate to cover the future payment of claims. Adjustments, if any, to estimates recorded resulting from ultimate claim payments will be reflected in our consolidated statements of income in the periods in which such adjustments are known.

13

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

6. LANDFILL AND ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS
As of March 31, 2017, we owned or operated 191 active landfills with total available disposal capacity of approximately 5.0 billion in-place cubic yards. We also have post-closure responsibility for 125 closed landfills.
Accrued Landfill and Environmental Costs
A summary of accrued landfill and environmental liabilities as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 follows:
 
2017
 
2016
Landfill final capping, closure and post-closure liabilities
$
1,221.0

 
$
1,224.6

Environmental remediation liabilities
590.6

 
602.9

Total accrued landfill and environmental costs
1,811.6

 
1,827.5

Less: current portion
(135.7
)
 
(142.7
)
Long-term portion
$
1,675.9

 
$
1,684.8

Final Capping, Closure and Post-Closure Costs
The following table summarizes the activity in our asset retirement obligation liabilities, which include liabilities for landfill final capping, closure and post-closure, for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016:
 
2017
 
2016
Asset retirement obligation liabilities, beginning of year
$
1,224.6

 
$
1,181.6

Non-cash additions
10.6

 
9.3

Acquisitions, net of divestitures and other adjustments
(25.1
)
 
0.3

Asset retirement obligation adjustments
0.6

 
(2.0
)
Payments
(9.7
)
 
(11.7
)
Accretion expense
20.0

 
19.8

Asset retirement obligation liabilities, end of period
1,221.0

 
1,197.3

Less: current portion
(60.4
)
 
(88.2
)
Long-term portion
$
1,160.6

 
$
1,109.1

We review annually, in the fourth quarter, and update as necessary, our estimates of asset retirement obligation liabilities. However, if there are significant changes in the facts and circumstances related to a site during the year, we will update our assumptions prospectively in the period that we know all the relevant facts and circumstances and make adjustments as appropriate. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, we transferred our ownership of the landfill gas collection and control system and the remaining post-closure and environmental liabilities of $24.8 million and $6.3 million, respectively, associated with one of our divested landfills.
The fair value of assets that are legally restricted for purposes of settling final capping, closure and post-closure liabilities was $28.1 million and $27.9 million as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively, and is included in restricted cash and marketable securities in our consolidated balance sheets.
Landfill Operating Expenses
In the normal course of business, we incur various operating costs associated with environmental compliance. These costs include, among other things, leachate treatment and disposal, methane gas and groundwater monitoring, systems maintenance, interim cap maintenance, costs associated with the application of daily cover materials, and the legal and administrative costs of ongoing environmental compliance. These costs are expensed as cost of operations in the periods in which they are incurred.
Environmental Remediation Liabilities
We accrue for remediation costs when they become probable and can be reasonably estimated. There can sometimes be a range of reasonable estimates of the costs associated with remediation of a site. In these cases, we use the amount within the range that constitutes our best estimate. If no amount within the range appears to be a better estimate than any other, we use the amount that is at the low end of the range. It is reasonably possible that we will need to adjust the liabilities recorded for remediation to reflect the effects of new or additional information, to the extent such information impacts the costs, timing or duration of the required actions. If we used the reasonably possible high ends of our ranges, our aggregate potential

14

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

remediation liability as of March 31, 2017 would be approximately $377 million higher than the amount recorded. Future changes in our estimates of the cost, timing or duration of the required actions could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
The following table summarizes the activity in our environmental remediation liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016:
 
 
2017
 
2016
Environmental remediation liabilities, beginning of year
$
602.9

 
$
646.1

Payments
(11.3
)
 
(14.8
)
Accretion expense (non-cash interest expense)
5.3

 
5.8

Acquisitions, net of divestitures and other adjustments
(6.3
)
 
1.4

Environmental remediation liabilities, end of period
590.6

 
638.5

Less: current portion
(75.3
)
 
(68.5
)
Long-term portion
$
515.3

 
$
570.0

Bridgeton Landfill.  During the three months ended March 31, 2017, we paid $4.3 million related to management and monitoring of the remediation area for our closed Bridgeton Landfill in Missouri. We continue to work with state and federal regulatory agencies on our remediation efforts.  From time to time, this may require us to modify our future operating timeline and procedures, which could result in changes to our expected remediation liability.  As of March 31, 2017, the remediation liability recorded for this site is $192.9 million, of which approximately $22 million is expected to be paid during the remainder of 2017. We believe the remaining reasonably possible high end of our range would be approximately $156 million higher than the amount recorded as of March 31, 2017.

15

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)


7. DEBT
The carrying value of our notes payable, capital leases and long-term debt as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 is listed in the following table, and is adjusted for the fair value of interest rate swaps, unamortized discounts, deferred issuance costs and the unamortized portion of adjustments to fair value recorded in purchase accounting. Original issue discounts and adjustments to fair value recorded in purchase accounting are amortized to interest expense over the term of the applicable instrument using the effective interest method.
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Maturity
 
Interest Rate
 
Principal
 
Adjustments
 
Carrying  Value
 
Principal
 
Adjustments
 
Carrying Value
Credit facilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Uncommitted Credit Facility
 
Variable
 
$
62.0

 
$

 
$
62.0

 
$

 
$

 
$

June 2019
 
Variable
 
100.0

 

 
100.0

 
140.0

 

 
140.0

May 2021
 
Variable
 
60.0

 

 
60.0

 
70.0

 

 
70.0

Senior notes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
May 2018
 
3.800
 
700.0

 
(1.0
)
 
699.0

 
700.0

 
(1.2
)
 
698.8

September 2019
 
5.500
 
650.0

 
(3.0
)
 
647.0

 
650.0

 
(3.3
)
 
646.7

March 2020
 
5.000
 
850.0

 
(2.4
)
 
847.6

 
850.0

 
(2.6
)
 
847.4

November 2021
 
5.250
 
600.0

 
(1.8
)
 
598.2

 
600.0

 
(1.9
)
 
598.1

June 2022
 
3.550
 
850.0

 
(5.3
)
 
844.7

 
850.0

 
(5.6
)
 
844.4

May 2023
 
4.750
 
550.0

 
2.0

 
552.0

 
550.0

 
3.5

 
553.5

March 2025
 
3.200
 
500.0

 
(5.3
)
 
494.7

 
500.0

 
(5.4
)
 
494.6

June 2026
 
2.900
 
500.0

 
(5.3
)
 
494.7

 
500.0

 
(5.5
)
 
494.5

March 2035
 
6.086
 
181.9

 
(15.3
)
 
166.6

 
181.9

 
(15.4
)
 
166.5

March 2040
 
6.200
 
399.9

 
(3.9
)
 
396.0

 
399.9

 
(3.9
)
 
396.0

May 2041
 
5.700
 
385.7

 
(5.6
)
 
380.1

 
385.7

 
(5.6
)
 
380.1

Debentures:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
May 2021
 
9.250
 
35.3

 
(1.1
)
 
34.2

 
35.3

 
(1.1
)
 
34.2

September 2035
 
7.400
 
148.1

 
(35.0
)
 
113.1

 
148.1

 
(35.2
)
 
112.9

Tax-exempt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2019 - 2044
 
0.950 - 5.625
 
1,079.1

 
(6.2
)
 
1,072.9

 
1,079.1

 
(6.4
)
 
1,072.7

Capital leases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017 - 2046
 
3.980 - 12.203
 
107.3

 

 
107.3

 
108.5

 

 
108.5

Total Debt
 
 
 
$
7,759.3

 
$
(89.2
)
 
7,670.1

 
$
7,748.5

 
$
(89.6
)
 
7,658.9

Less: current portion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(6.2
)
 
 
 
 
 
(5.8
)
Long-term portion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
7,663.9

 
 
 
 
 
$
7,653.1

Credit Facilities
In 2016, we entered into a $1.0 billion unsecured revolving credit facility (the Replacement Credit Facility), which replaced our $1.0 billion credit facility maturing in May 2017. The Replacement Credit Facility matures in May 2021 and includes a feature that allows us to increase availability, at our option, by an aggregate amount up to $500.0 million through increased commitments from existing lenders or the addition of new lenders. At our option, borrowings under the Replacement Credit Facility bear interest at a Base Rate, or a Eurodollar Rate, plus an applicable margin based on our Debt Ratings (all as defined in the agreements).
Contemporaneous with the execution of the Replacement Credit Facility, we entered into Amendment No. 1 to our existing $1.25 billion unsecured credit facility (the Existing Credit Facility and, together with the Replacement Credit Facility, the

16

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

Credit Facilities), to conform certain terms of the Existing Credit Facility with those of the Replacement Credit Facility. Amendment No. 1 does not extend the maturity date of the Existing Credit Facility, which matures in June 2019. The Existing Credit Facility also maintains the feature that allows us to increase availability, at our option, by an aggregate amount of up to $500.0 million through increased commitments from existing lenders or the addition of new lenders.
Our Credit Facilities are subject to facility fees based on applicable rates defined in the credit facility agreements and the aggregate commitments, regardless of usage. Availability under our Credit Facilities totaled $1,627.6 million and $1,543.1 million as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively, and can be used for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, letters of credit and other general corporate purposes.  The credit agreements require us to comply with financial and other covenants. We may pay dividends and repurchase common stock if we are in compliance with these covenants. As of March 31, 2017, we had $160.0 million of borrowings under our Credit Facilities and $210.0 million of borrowings as of December 31, 2016.  We had $444.0 million and $478.4 million of letters of credit outstanding under our Credit Facilities as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.
During 2016, we amended our existing unsecured credit facility agreement (the Uncommitted Credit Facility), to increase the size to $135.0 million, with all other terms remaining unchanged. Our Uncommitted Credit Facility bears interest at LIBOR, plus an applicable margin and is subject to facility fees defined in the agreement, regardless of usage. We can use borrowings under the Uncommitted Credit Facility for working capital and other general corporate purposes. The agreement governing our Uncommitted Credit Facility requires us to comply with covenants. The Uncommitted Credit Facility may be terminated by either party at any time. As of March 31, 2017 we had $62.0 million of borrowings and no borrowings as of December 31, 2016, under our Uncommitted Credit Facility.
Senior Notes and Debentures
During 2016 we issued $500.0 million of 2.90% senior notes due 2026 (the 2.90% Notes). We used the net proceeds from the 2.90% Notes to purchase outstanding notes and debentures with coupons ranging from 5.70% to 7.40%.
Our senior notes and debentures are general unsecured obligations. Interest is payable semi-annually. The senior notes have a make-whole provision that is exercisable at any time prior to their respective maturity dates at a stated redemption price.
Tax-Exempt Financings
As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, we had $1,072.9 million and $1,072.7 million, respectively, of fixed and variable rate tax-exempt financings outstanding with maturities ranging from 2019 to 2044. Approximately 90% of our tax-exempt financings are remarketed quarterly by remarketing agents to effectively maintain a variable yield. The holders of the bonds can put them back to the remarketing agents at the end of each interest period. To date, the remarketing agents have been able to remarket our variable rate unsecured tax-exempt bonds. These bonds have been classified as long-term because of our ability and intent to refinance them using availability under our revolving Credit Facilities, if necessary.
Capital Leases
We had capital lease liabilities of $107.3 million and $108.5 million as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively, with maturities ranging from 2017 to 2046.
Interest Rate Swap and Lock Agreements
Our ability to obtain financing through the capital markets is a key component of our financial strategy. Historically, we have managed risk associated with executing this strategy, particularly as it relates to fluctuations in interest rates, by using a combination of fixed and floating rate debt. From time to time, we have also entered into interest rate swap and lock agreements to manage risk associated with interest rates, either to effectively convert specific fixed rate debt to a floating rate (fair value hedges), or to lock interest rates in anticipation of future debt issuances (cash flow hedges).
Fair Value Hedges
During the second half of 2013, we entered into various interest rate swap agreements relative to our 4.750% fixed rate senior notes due in May 2023. The goal was to reduce overall borrowing costs and rebalance our debt portfolio's ratio of fixed to floating interest rates. As of March 31, 2017, these swap agreements had a total notional value of $300.0 million and mature in May 2023, which is identical to the maturity of the hedged senior notes. We pay interest at floating rates based on changes in LIBOR and receive interest at a fixed rate of 4.750%. These transactions were designated as fair value hedges because the swaps hedge against the changes in fair value of the fixed rate senior notes resulting from changes in interest rates.
As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the interest rate swap agreements are reflected at their fair value of $10.7 million and $12.1 million, respectively, and are included in other assets. To the extent they are effective, these interest rate

17

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

swap agreements are included as an adjustment to long-term debt in our consolidated balance sheets. We recognized net interest income of $1.4 million and $1.7 million during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, related to net swap settlements for these interest rate swap agreements, which is included as an offset to interest expense in our unaudited consolidated statements of income.
For the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, we recognized a gain (loss) of $1.6 million and $(10.6) million, respectively, on the change in fair value of the hedged senior notes attributable to changes in the benchmark interest rate, with an offsetting (loss) gain of $(1.4) million and $11.0 million, respectively, on the related interest rate swaps. The difference of these fair value changes represents hedge ineffectiveness, which is recorded directly in earnings as other expense, net.
Cash Flow Hedges
During 2016, we entered into a number of interest rate lock agreements having an aggregate notional amount of $525.0 million with fixed interest rates ranging from 1.900% to 2.280% to manage exposure to fluctuations in interest rates in anticipation of planned future issuances of senior notes. Upon the expected issuance of the senior notes, we will terminate the interest rate locks and settle with our counterparties. These transactions were accounted for as cash flow hedges. The fair value of our interest rate locks as of March 31, 2017 was determined using standard valuation models with assumptions about interest rates being based on those observed in underlying markets (Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy). The aggregate fair value of the outstanding interest rate locks as of March 31, 2017 was $21.6 million and was recorded in other assets in our consolidated balance sheet. As of March 31, 2017, the effective portion of the interest rate locks recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax, was $13.0 million.
As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the effective portion of our previously terminated interest rate locks, recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax, was $13.0 million and $13.4 million, respectively. The effective portion of the interest rate locks is amortized as an adjustment to interest expense over the life of the issued debt using the effective interest method. We expect to amortize approximately $1.7 million of net expense, net of tax, over the next twelve months as a yield adjustment of our senior notes.
The effective portion of the interest rate locks amortized as a net increase to interest expense was $0.7 million and $0.3 million during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
8. INCOME TAXES
Our effective tax rate, exclusive of noncontrolling interests, for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was 36.6% and 37.9%, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2017 was favorably affected from the adoption of ASU 2016-09. For the three months ended March 31, 2017, settlements of share-based payment awards reduced tax expense by $8.9 million. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2016 was favorably affected by the resolution of a state tax matter.
Cash paid for income taxes (net of refunds) for the three months ended March 31, 2017 was $1.0 million and refunds received for income taxes (net of payments) for the three months ended March 31, 2016 was $1.3 million.
We are subject to income tax in the United States and Puerto Rico, as well as in multiple state jurisdictions. Our compliance with income tax rules and regulations is periodically audited by tax authorities. These authorities may challenge the positions taken in our tax filings. We are currently under examination or administrative review by state and local taxing authorities for various tax years. We recognize interest and penalties as incurred within the provision for income taxes in the consolidated statements of income. As of March 31, 2017, we accrued a liability for penalties of $0.5 million and a liability for interest (including interest on penalties) of $11.9 million related to our uncertain tax positions.
We believe that our recorded liabilities for uncertain tax positions are adequate. However, a significant assessment against us in excess of the liabilities recorded could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows. During the next twelve months, it is reasonably possible that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits will increase or decrease. Gross unrecognized benefits we expect to settle in the next twelve months are in the range of zero to $10 million.
We have deferred tax assets related to state net operating loss carryforwards. We provide a partial valuation allowance due to uncertainty surrounding the future utilization of these carryforwards in the taxing jurisdictions where the loss carryforwards exist. When determining the need for a valuation allowance, we consider all positive and negative evidence, including recent financial results, scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income and tax planning strategies. The weight given to the positive and negative evidence is commensurate with the extent such evidence can be objectively verified. We adjust the valuation allowance in the period management determines it is more likely than not that deferred tax assets will or will not be realized.

18

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

Substantially all of our valuation allowance is associated with state loss carryforwards. The realization of our deferred tax asset for state loss carryforwards ultimately depends upon the existence of sufficient taxable income in the appropriate state taxing jurisdictions in future periods. We continue to regularly monitor both positive and negative evidence in determining the ongoing need for a valuation allowance. As of March 31, 2017, the valuation allowance associated with our state loss carryforwards was approximately $60 million.
9. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
Available Shares
In March 2013, our board of directors approved the Republic Services, Inc. Amended and Restated 2007 Stock Incentive Plan (the Plan), and in May 2013 our shareholders ratified the Plan. We currently have approximately 14.2 million shares of common stock reserved for future grants under the Plan.
Stock Options
The following table summarizes stock option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2017:
 
Number of
Shares (in millions)
 
Weighted Average
Exercise
Price per Share
 
Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
(years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(in millions)
Outstanding as of December 31, 2016
3.2

 
$
30.35

 
 
 
 
Granted

 

 
 
 
 
Exercised
(0.7
)
 
29.22

 
 
 
$
20.4

Forfeited or expired

 

 
 
 
 
Outstanding as of March 31, 2017
2.5

 
$
30.64

 
2.3
 
$
81.4

Exercisable as of March 31, 2017
2.4

 
$
30.50

 
2.2
 
$
78.6

During the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, compensation expense for stock options was $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively.
As of March 31, 2017, total unrecognized compensation expense related to outstanding stock options was less than $0.1 million, which will be recognized over a weighted average period of 0.9 year. The total fair value of stock options that vested during the three months ended March 31, 2017 was $2.9 million.
Restricted Stock Units
The following table summarizes restricted stock unit (RSU) activity for the three months ended March 31, 2017:
 
Number of
RSUs
(in thousands)
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair
Value per Share
 
Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
(years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(in millions)
Outstanding as of December 31, 2016
1,823.8

 
$
37.49

 
 
 
 
Granted
457.1

 
59.83

 
 
 
 
Vested and issued
(385.5
)
 
26.31

 
 
 
 
Forfeited
(16.3
)
 
42.67

 
 
 
 
Outstanding as of March 31, 2017
1,879.1

 
$
42.80

 
1.2
 
$
118.0

Vested and unissued as of March 31, 2017
677.9

 
$
33.02

 
 
 
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2017, we awarded our non-employee directors 46,428 RSUs, which vested immediately. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, we awarded 400,196 RSUs to executives and employees that vest in four equal annual installments beginning on the anniversary date of the original grant or cliff vest after four years. In addition, 10,490 RSUs were earned as dividend equivalents. The RSUs do not carry any voting or dividend rights, except the right to receive additional RSUs in lieu of dividends.

19

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

The fair value of RSUs is based on the closing market price on the date of the grant. The compensation expense related to RSUs is amortized ratably over the vesting period, or to the employee's retirement eligible date, if earlier.
During the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, compensation expense related to RSUs totaled $7.4 million and $5.3 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2017, total unrecognized compensation expense related to outstanding RSUs was $51.3 million, which will be recognized over a weighted average period of 3.1 years.
Performance Shares
During the three months ended March 31, 2017, we awarded 116,872 performance shares (PSUs) to our named executive officers. These awards are performance-based as the number of shares ultimately earned depends on performance against pre-determined targets for return on invested capital (ROIC), cash flow value creation (CFVC), and total shareholder return relative to the S&P 500 index (RTSR). The PSUs are payable 50% in shares of common stock and 50% in cash after the end of a three-year performance period, when our financial performance for the entire performance period is reported, typically in February of the succeeding year. At the end of the performance period, the number of PSUs awarded can range from 0% to 150% of the targeted amount, depending on the performance against the pre-determined targets.
During the three months ended March 31, 2017, we awarded 175,230 PSUs to our employees other than our named executive officers. The PSUs are payable 100% in shares of common stock after the end of a three-year performance period, when the Company's financial performance for the entire performance period is reported, typically in February of the succeeding year. At the end of the performance period, the number of PSUs awarded can range from 0% to 150% of the targeted amount, depending on the performance against the pre-determined targets.
The following table summarizes PSU activity for the three months ended March 31, 2017:
 
Number of
PSUs
(in thousands)
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair
Value per Share
Outstanding as of December 31, 2016
504.8

 
$
44.40

Granted
294.9

 
60.80

Vested and issued

 

Forfeited
(3.3
)
 
49.86

Outstanding as of March 31, 2017
796.4

 
$
50.46

During the three months ended March 31, 2017, 2,845 PSUs accumulated as dividend equivalents. The PSUs do not carry any voting or dividend rights, except the right to accumulate additional PSUs in lieu of dividends.
For the stock-settled portion of the awards that vest based on future ROIC and CFVC performance, compensation expense is measured using the fair value of our common stock at the grant date. For the cash-settled portion of the awards that vest based on future ROIC and CFVC performance, compensation expense is recorded based on the fair value of our common stock at the end of each reporting period. Compensation expense is recognized ratably over the performance period based on our estimated achievement of the established performance criteria. Compensation expense is only recognized for the portion of the award that we expect to vest, which we estimate based on an assessment of the probability that the performance criteria will be achieved.
For the stock-settled portion of the awards that vest based on RTSR, the grant date fair value is based on a Monte Carlo valuation and compensation expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. For the cash-settled portion of the awards that vest based on RTSR, compensation expense incorporates the fair value of our PSUs at the end of each reporting period. Compensation expense is recognized for the RTSR portion of the award whether or not the market conditions are achieved.
During the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, compensation expense related to PSUs totaled $3.8 million and $1.6 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2017, total unrecognized compensation expense related to outstanding PSUs was $29.5 million, which we expect to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.9 years.

20

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

10. STOCK REPURCHASES, DIVIDENDS AND EARNINGS PER SHARE
Stock Repurchases
Stock repurchase activity during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 follows (in millions except per share amounts):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Number of shares repurchased
1.7

 
1.9

Amount paid
$
98.9

 
$
85.8

Weighted average cost per share
$
60.46

 
$
44.68

As of March 31, 2017 and 2016, 0.2 million and 0.1 million repurchased shares were pending settlement and $10.9 million and $4.7 million were unpaid and included within other accrued liabilities, respectively.
Dividends
In February 2017, our board of directors approved a quarterly dividend of $0.32 per share. Cash dividends declared were $108.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017. As of March 31, 2017, we recorded a quarterly dividend payable of $108.4 million to shareholders of record at the close of business on April 3, 2017.
Earnings per Share
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to Republic Services, Inc. by the weighted average number of common shares (including vested but unissued RSUs) outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is based on the combined weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding, which include, where appropriate, the assumed exercise of employee stock options, unvested RSUs, and unvested PSUs at the expected attainment levels. We use the treasury stock method in computing diluted earnings per share.
Earnings per share for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 are calculated as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Basic earnings per share:
 
 
 
Net income attributable to Republic Services, Inc.
$
187,800

 
$
156,700

Weighted average common shares outstanding
339,868

 
345,403

Basic earnings per share
$
0.55

 
$
0.45

Diluted earnings per share:
 
 
 
Net income attributable to Republic Services, Inc.
$
187,800

 
$
156,700

Weighted average common shares outstanding
339,868

 
345,403

Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
Options to purchase common stock
1,403

 
1,137

Unvested RSU awards
354

 
143

Unvested PSU awards
251

 
42

Weighted average common and common equivalent shares outstanding
341,876

 
346,725

Diluted earnings per share
$
0.55

 
$
0.45

Antidilutive securities not included in the diluted earnings per share calculations:
 
 
 
Options to purchase common stock

 



21

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

11. CHANGES IN ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME BY COMPONENT
A summary of changes in accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax, by component, for the three months ended March 31, 2017 follows:
 
Cash Flow Hedges
 
Defined Benefit Pension Items
 
Total
Accumulated other comprehensive (income) loss as of December 31, 2016
$
3.3

 
$
(17.5
)
 
$
(14.2
)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications
2.1

 

 
2.1

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
(1.4
)
 

 
(1.4
)
Net current period other comprehensive loss
0.7

 

 
0.7

Accumulated other comprehensive (income) loss as of March 31, 2017
$
4.0

 
$
(17.5
)
 
$
(13.5
)
A summary of reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
Details about Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income Components
 
Amount Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 
Affected Line Item in the Statement where Net Income is Presented
Gain (loss) on cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recyclable commodity hedges
 
$
(0.7
)
 
$

 
Revenue
Fuel hedges
 
(1.0
)
 
$
(10.1
)
 
Cost of operations
Terminated interest rate locks
 
(0.7
)
 
(0.3
)
 
Interest expense
Total before tax
 
(2.4
)
 
(10.4
)
 
 
Tax benefit
 
1.0

 
4.1

 
 
Total loss reclassified into earnings, net of tax
 
$
(1.4
)
 
$
(6.3
)
 
 
12. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Fuel Hedges
We have entered into multiple swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges to mitigate some of our exposure related to changes in diesel fuel prices. These swaps qualified for, and were designated as, effective hedges of changes in the prices of forecasted diesel fuel purchases (fuel hedges).
The following table summarizes our outstanding fuel hedges as of March 31, 2017:
Year
 
Gallons Hedged
 
Weighted Average Contract 
Price per Gallon
2017
 
9,000,000
 
2.92
2018
 
6,000,000
 
2.61
If the national U.S. on-highway average price for a gallon of diesel fuel as published by the Department of Energy exceeds the contract price per gallon, we receive the difference between the average price and the contract price (multiplied by the notional gallons) from the counterparty. If the average price is less than the contract price per gallon, we pay the difference to the counterparty.
The fair values of our fuel hedges are determined using standard option valuation models with assumptions about commodity prices based on those observed in underlying markets (Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy). The aggregate fair values of our outstanding fuel hedges as of March 31, 2017 were current assets of $0.2 million and current liabilities of $2.9 million, which are included in other assets and other accrued liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets, respectively. As of December 31,

22

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

2016, the aggregate fair values of our outstanding fuel hedges were current liabilities of $2.7 million, which are included in other accrued liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets. The ineffective portions of the changes in fair values resulted in no gain (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2017, and $0.2 million of gain for the same period in 2016 that was recorded in other expense, net in our consolidated statements of income.
For the three months ended March 31, 2017 no gain (loss) was recognized in other comprehensive income, net of tax, for fuel hedges (the effective portion) and $2.9 million was recognized for the same period in 2016. We classify cash inflows and outflows from our fuel hedges within operating activities in the unaudited consolidated statements of cash flows.
Recyclable Commodity Hedges
Revenue from the sale of recycled commodities is primarily from sales of old corrugated containers (OCC) and old newsprint. From time to time we use derivative instruments such as swaps and costless collars designated as cash flow hedges to manage our exposure to changes in prices of these commodities. During 2016, we entered into multiple agreements related to the forecasted OCC sales. The agreements qualified for, and were designated as, effective hedges of changes in the prices of certain forecasted recyclable commodity sales (commodity hedges).
We entered into costless collar agreements on forecasted sales of OCC. The agreements involve combining a purchased put option giving us the right to sell OCC at an established floor strike price with a written call option obligating us to deliver OCC at an established cap strike price. The puts and calls have the same settlement dates, are net settled in cash on such dates and have the same terms to expiration. The contemporaneous combination of options resulted in no net premium for us and represents costless collars. Under these agreements, we will make or receive no payments as long as the settlement price is between the floor price and cap price; however, if the settlement price is above the cap, we will pay the counterparty an amount equal to the excess of the settlement price over the cap times the monthly volumes hedged. If the settlement price is below the floor, the counterparty will pay us the deficit of the settlement price below the floor times the monthly volumes hedged. The objective of these agreements is to reduce variability of cash flows for forecasted sales of OCC between two designated strike prices.
As of March 31, 2017, we had outstanding costless collar hedges for OCC totaling 210,000 tons with a weighted average floor strike price of $81.50 per ton and a weighted average cap strike price of $120.00 per ton, all of which will be settled in 2017 and 2018. Costless collar hedges are recorded in our consolidated balance sheets at fair value. Fair values of costless collars are determined using standard option valuation models with assumptions about commodity prices based upon forward commodity price curves in underlying markets (Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy).
The aggregate fair values of the outstanding recyclable commodity hedges as of March 31, 2017 were current assets of $0.1 million and current liabilities of $3.9 million, which are included in other assets and other accrued liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets, respectively. As of December 31, 2016, the aggregate fair values of the outstanding recyclable commodity hedges were current liabilities of $0.8 million, which are included in other accrued liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets. No amounts were recognized in other (expense) income, net in our consolidated statements of income for the ineffectiveness portion of the changes in fair values during the three months ended March 31, 2017.
Total losses recognized in other comprehensive income for recyclable commodity hedges (the effective portion) were $1.9 million, net of tax, for the three months ended March 31, 2017.
Fair Value Measurements
In measuring the fair values of assets and liabilities, we use valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs (Level 1) and minimize the use of unobservable inputs (Level 3). We also use market data or assumptions that we believe market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability, including assumptions about risk when appropriate.
The carrying value for certain of our financial instruments, including cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and certain other accrued liabilities, approximates fair value because of their short-term nature.

23

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, our assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis include the following:
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements Using
 
Carrying Amount
 
Total as of March 31, 2017
 
Quoted
Prices in
Active
Markets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market mutual funds
$
26.4

 
$
26.4

 
$
26.4

 
$

 
$

Bonds - restricted cash and marketable securities and other assets
55.2

 
55.2

 

 
55.2

 

Fuel hedges - other current assets
0.2

 
0.2

 

 
0.2

 

Commodity hedges - other current assets
0.1

 
0.1

 

 
0.1

 

Interest rate swaps - other assets
10.7

 
10.7

 

 
10.7

 

Total assets
$
92.6

 
$
92.6

 
$
26.4

 
$
66.2

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fuel hedges - other accrued liabilities
$
2.9

 
$
2.9

 
$

 
$
2.9

 
$

Commodity hedges - other accrued liabilities
3.9

 
3.9

 

 
3.9

 

Contingent consideration - other long-term liabilities
68.8

 
68.8

 

 

 
68.8

Total liabilities
$
75.6

 
$
75.6

 
$

 
$
6.8

 
$
68.8

 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements Using
 
Carrying Amount
 
Total as of December 31, 2016
 
Quoted
Prices in
Active
Markets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market mutual funds
$
23.8

 
$
23.8

 
$
23.8

 
$

 
$

Bonds - restricted cash and marketable securities and other assets
57.6

 
57.6

 

 
57.6

 

Interest rate swaps - other assets
12.1

 
12.1

 

 
12.1

 

Total assets
$
93.5

 
$
93.5

 
$
23.8

 
$
69.7

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fuel hedges - other accrued liabilities
$
2.7

 
$
2.7

 
$

 
$
2.7

 
$

Commodity hedges - other accrued liabilities
0.8

 
0.8

 

 
0.8

 

Contingent consideration- other long-term liabilities
68.9

 
68.9

 

 

 
68.9

Total liabilities
$
72.4

 
$
72.4

 
$

 
$
3.5

 
$
68.9

Total Debt
As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the carrying value of our total debt was $7.7 billion and the fair value of our total debt was $8.3 billion. The estimated fair value of our fixed rate senior notes and debentures is based on quoted market prices. The fair value of our remaining notes payable, tax-exempt financings and borrowings under our credit facilities approximates the carrying value because the interest rates are variable. The fair value estimates are based on Level 2 inputs of the fair value hierarchy as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively. See Note 7, Debt, for further information related to our debt.

24

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

Contingent Consideration
In April 2015, we entered into a waste management contract with Sonoma County, California to operate the county's waste management facilities. As of March 31, 2017, the contingent consideration of $68.8 million represents the fair value of amounts payable to Sonoma County based on the achievement of future annual tonnage targets through the expected remaining capacity of the landfill, which we estimate to be approximately 30 years. The potential undiscounted amount of all future contingent payments that we could be required to make under the waste management contract is estimated to be between approximately $85 million and $174 million.
The fair value of the contingent consideration was determined using probability assessments of the expected future payments over the remaining useful life of the landfill, and applying a discount rate of 4.0%. The future payments are based on significant inputs that are not observable in the market. Key assumptions include annual volume of tons disposed at the landfill, the price paid per ton, and the discount rate that represent the best estimates of management, which are subject to remeasurement at each reporting date. The contingent consideration liability is classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.
13. SEGMENT REPORTING
In January 2016, we realigned our field support functions by combining our three regions into two field groups, consolidating our areas and streamlining select operational support roles at our Phoenix headquarters. Following our restructuring, our senior management now evaluates, oversees and manages the financial performance of our operations through two field groups, referred to as Group 1 and Group 2. Group 1 primarily consists of geographic areas located in the western and portions of the mid-western United States, and Group 2 primarily consists of geographic areas located in Texas, the southeastern and portions of the mid-western United States, and the eastern seaboard of the United States.
We manage and evaluate our operations through the two field groups, Group 1 and Group 2. These two groups are presented below as our reportable segments, which provide integrated waste management services consisting of non-hazardous solid waste collection, transfer, recycling, disposal and energy services.
Summarized financial information concerning our reportable segments for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 follows:
 
Gross
Revenue
 
Intercompany
Revenue
 
Net
Revenue
 
Depreciation,
Amortization,
Depletion and
Accretion
 
Operating
Income
(Loss)
 
Capital
Expenditures
 
Total Assets
Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Group 1
$
1,324.3

 
$
(262.0
)
 
$
1,062.3

 
$
102.3

 
$
213.8

 
$
79.6

 
$
9,109.1

Group 2
1,502.9

 
(224.4
)
 
1,278.5

 
137.0

 
272.9

 
72.5

 
9,943.0

Corporate entities
55.1

 
(3.1
)
 
52.0

 
30.6

 
(98.6
)
 
71.8

 
1,543.7

Total
$
2,882.3

 
$
(489.5
)
 
$
2,392.8

 
$
269.9

 
$
388.1

 
$
223.9

 
$
20,595.8

Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Group 1
$
1,245.1

 
$
(244.7
)
 
$
1,000.4

 
$
102.0

 
$
209.7

 
$
91.7

 
$
9,113.9

Group 2
1,424.2

 
(217.1
)
 
1,207.1

 
133.0

 
235.1

 
67.2

 
9,903.8

Corporate entities
44.1

 
(3.0
)
 
41.1

 
28.0

 
(99.3
)
 
112.6

 
1,521.5

Total
$
2,713.4

 
$
(464.8
)
 
$
2,248.6

 
$
263.0

 
$
345.5

 
$
271.5

 
$
20,539.2

Intercompany revenue reflects transactions within and between segments that generally are made on a basis intended to reflect the market value of such services. Capital expenditures for corporate entities primarily include vehicle inventory acquired but not yet assigned to operating locations and facilities. Corporate functions include legal, tax, treasury, information technology, risk management, human resources, closed landfills and other administrative functions.

25

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

The following table shows our total reported revenue by service line for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 (in millions of dollars and as a percentage of revenue):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Collection:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Residential
$
564.3

 
23.6
%
 
$
551.2

 
24.5
%
Small-container
733.6

 
30.7

 
707.8

 
31.5

Large-container
495.3

 
20.7

 
469.2

 
20.9

Other
9.7

 
0.4

 
9.1

 
0.4

Total collection
1,802.9

 
75.4

 
1,737.3

 
77.3

Transfer
282.2

 
 
 
268.2

 
 
Less: intercompany
(171.6
)
 
 
 
(164.5
)
 
 
Transfer, net
110.6

 
4.6

 
103.7

 
4.6

Landfill
504.7

 
 
 
489.4

 
 
Less: intercompany
(232.4
)
 
 
 
(227.7
)
 
 
Landfill, net
272.3

 
11.4

 
261.7

 
11.6

Energy services
27.1

 
1.1

 
18.7

 
0.8

Other:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sale of recycled commodities
133.9

 
5.6

 
86.8

 
3.9

Other non-core
46.0

 
1.9

 
40.4

 
1.8

Total other
179.9

 
7.5

 
127.2

 
5.7

Total revenue
$
2,392.8

 
100.0
%
 
$
2,248.6

 
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other non-core revenue consists primarily of revenue from National Accounts, which represents the portion of revenue generated from nationwide or regional contracts in markets outside our operating areas where the associated waste handling services are subcontracted to local operators. Consequently, substantially all of this revenue is offset with related subcontract costs, which are recorded in cost of operations.
14. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal Proceedings
We are subject to extensive and evolving laws and regulations and have implemented safeguards to respond to regulatory requirements. In the normal course of our business, we become involved in legal proceedings. Some may result in fines, penalties or judgments against us, or settlements, which may impact earnings and cash flows for a particular period. Although we cannot predict the ultimate outcome of any legal matter with certainty, we do not believe the outcome of any of our pending legal proceedings will have a material adverse impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
As used herein, the term legal proceedings refers to litigation and similar claims against us and our subsidiaries, excluding: (1) ordinary course accidents, general commercial liability and workers' compensation claims, which are covered by insurance programs, subject to customary deductibles, and which, together with insured employee health care costs, are discussed in Note 5, Other Liabilities; and (2) environmental remediation liabilities, which are discussed in Note 6, Landfill and Environmental Costs.
We accrue for legal proceedings when losses become probable and reasonably estimable. We have recorded an aggregate accrual of approximately $43 million relating to our outstanding legal proceedings as of March 31, 2017. As of the end of each applicable reporting period, we review each of our legal proceedings and, where it is probable that a liability has been incurred, we accrue for all probable and reasonably estimable losses. Where we can reasonably estimate a range of losses we may incur regarding such a matter, we record an accrual for the amount within the range that constitutes our best estimate. If we can reasonably estimate a range but no amount within the range appears to be a better estimate than any other, we use the amount that is the low end of such range. If we had used the high ends of such ranges, our aggregate potential liability would be approximately $27 million higher than the amount recorded as of March 31, 2017.

26

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (CONTINUED)

Multiemployer Pension Plans
We contribute to 26 multiemployer pension plans under collective bargaining agreements covering union-represented employees. These plans generally provide retirement benefits to participants based on their service to contributing employers. We do not administer these plans.
Under current law regarding multiemployer pension plans, a plan’s termination, and any termination of an employer’s obligation to make contributions, including our voluntary withdrawal (which we consider from time to time) or the mass withdrawal of all contributing employers from any under-funded multiemployer pension plan (each, a Withdrawal Event) would require us to make payments to the plan for our proportionate share of the plan’s unfunded vested liabilities. During the course of operating our business, we incur Withdrawal Events regarding certain of our multiemployer pension plans. We accrue for such events when losses become probable and reasonably estimable.
Restricted Cash and Marketable Securities
Our restricted cash and marketable securities include, among other things, restricted cash and marketable securities held for capital expenditures under certain debt facilities, restricted cash and marketable securities pledged to regulatory agencies and governmental entities as financial guarantees of our performance related to our final capping, closure and post-closure obligations at our landfills, and restricted cash and marketable securities related to our insurance obligations. The following table summarizes our restricted cash and marketable securities as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016:
 
2017
 
2016
Capping, closure and post-closure obligations
28.1

 
27.9

Insurance