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EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14(A)/15D-14(A) CERTIFICATIONS SECTION 302 OF - Paybox Corp.pbox_ex311.htm
EX-32.2 - CERTIFICATE PURSUANT TO SECTION 18 U.S.C. PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANE - Paybox Corp.pbox_ex322.htm
EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATE PURSUANT TO SECTION 18 U.S.C. PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANE - Paybox Corp.pbox_ex321.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14(A)/15D-14(A) CERTIFICATIONS SECTION 302 OF - Paybox Corp.pbox_ex312.htm
 
 

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
 
    ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016
OR

    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ________________ to ________________
 
Commission file number: 0-20660
 
 
PAYBOX CORP
 
 
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
Delaware
 
11-2895590
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
500 East Broward Boulevard, Suite 1550
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
 
33394
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (954) 510-3750
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.0001
 
OTC – QB
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes ☐ No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes     No   ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes    No   ☐
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐    No 
 
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the closing price as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter was approximately $4,931,412.
 
As of March 13, 2017, there were 13,153,160 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock outstanding.
 

 
 
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
PART I. 
1-7
 
 
ITEM 1. BUSINESS 
1
 
 
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS 
7
 
 
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS 
7
 
 
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES 
7
 
 
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 
7
 
 
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES 
7
 
 
PART II. 
8-16
 
 
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
8
 
 
ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA 
8
 
 
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
8
 
 
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
15
 
 
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA 
15
   
 
ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE
15
   
 
ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES 
16
 
 
ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION 
16
 
 
PART III. 
17-26
 
 
ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
17
 
 
ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION 
20
   
 
ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS
24
   
 
ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE
25
 
 
ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES 
25
 
 
PART IV. 
27-30
 
 
ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES 
27
 
 
EXHIBIT INDEX 
27
 
 
SIGNATURES 
31
 
 
 
 
PART I
 
Item 1. 
BUSINESS
 
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
All statements other than statements of historical fact included in this Form 10-K including, without limitation, statements under, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” regarding our financial position, business strategy and the plans and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements. When used in this Form 10-K, words such as “anticipate”, “believe”, “estimate”, “expect”, “intend” and similar expressions, as such words or expressions relate to us or our management, identify forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements are based on the beliefs of management, as well as assumptions made by, and information currently available to, our management. Actual results could differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors including but not limited to, fluctuations in future operating results, technological changes or difficulties, management of future growth, expansion of international operations, current economic conditions, the risk of errors or failures in our software products, dependence on proprietary technology, competitive factors, risks associated with potential acquisitions, the ability to recruit personnel, and dependence on key personnel. Such statements reflect the current views of management with respect to future events and are subject to these and other risks, uncertainties and assumptions relating to the operations, results of operations, growth strategy and liquidity. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by this paragraph.
 
OVERVIEW
 
Paybox Corp, originally named Unique Ventures, Inc., (hereinafter referred to at times as “Paybox”, “our”, “we”, or the “Company”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware on August 27, 1987. We consummated our initial public offering in 1992. In May 1990, we changed our name to Computer Concepts, Inc. and in August 2000, we changed our name to Direct Insite Corp. In September 2016, we changed our name to Paybox Corp to align the corporate name and brand with the Company’s globally deployed Working Capital Management Platform, PAYBOX®.
 
Our Business
 
Paybox operates as a software as a service provider (“SaaS”) that provides a powerful unified working capital management platform for Order-to-Cash and Procure-to-Pay processes that facilitate over $160 billion worth of transactions annually between more than 375,000 companies worldwide.
 
The flagship component of Paybox’s unified working capital management platform is PAYBOX®, an Order-to-Cash process that provides an innovative receivables automation solution which combines electronic invoicing, online approvals and adjustments, Payment Card Industry (“PCI”)-compliant electronic payments, and integration with any legacy accounting, enterprise resource planning (“ERP”) or lockbox system. PAYBOX is sold both through banks to corporate users of their treasury management and lockbox services, and directly to corporations. Banks and corporations use PAYBOX to reduce Days Sales’ Outstanding, lower costs, and improve straight-through accounts receivables (“AR”) posting.
 
Paybox’s unified working capital management platform also provides a powerful component that transforms Procure-to-Pay processes. The component delivers end-to-end capabilities for supplier registration, invoice capture, electronic invoicing, workflow, electronic payments, discount management, spend management, and business intelligence. The platform is uniquely suited for financial shared services environments.
 
Paybox’s clients include IBM, Siemens, Hewlett Packard Enterprise Services, Saint Gobain, Carlson Wagonlit Travel, and one of the world’s largest financial institutions.
 
 
1
 
 
Our revenue comes from (i) recurring, on-going services that are billed monthly; and (ii) non-recurring, professional services derived from the configuration of our software platform.
 
HP Enterprise Services (“HPE”) accounted for approximately 21.5%, 33% and 38% of our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. As of December 31, 2016, we had one principal contract remaining with HPE providing e-invoice services, which contract expires in June 2018. The contracts may be terminated by either party on ninety days’ advance written notice. As disclosed in our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on November 23, 2015 and February 19, 2016, we were notified by HPE that one of its clients, representing approximately 3.0% and 14.7% of our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, was terminating its contract with HPE effective February 23, 2016. Despite efforts to negotiate a direct contractual agreement with this client, the client ultimately decided to terminate its use of our services, and accordingly, the Company has not recorded revenue from this client after February 2016. We were further notified by HPE in August 2016 that another of its clients, representing 4.5% and 6.3% of our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, was terminating its contract with HPE effective August 15, 2016, and accordingly, the Company has not recorded revenue from this client after August 2016.
 
International Business Machines, Inc. (“IBM”), representing approximately 42.5%, 37.3% and 38.1% of our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively, utilizes our suite of services to allow its customers from around the globe to receive, analyze, dispute and cost allocate all of their invoice data in their local language and currency via the internet. We have two principal contracts with IBM to provide e-invoice services for substantially all of IBM’s operating units. Both of these contracts were extended for a one-year period, through December 31, 2017, and are renewable annually thereafter. The contracts may be terminated by either party with one hundred eighty days’ advance written notice. As noted in our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 3, 2017, we were notified by IBM that one of these contracts will be terminated on September 1, 2017. Approximately 35.1% and 31.3% of the Company’s revenues were attributable to this agreement with IBM in the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. It is possible that the Company may continue to provide certain services relating to this agreement on a month-to-month basis following termination, but there can be no assurances that the Company will continue to provide such services to this client.
 
We have two other customers, representing approximately 24.0%, 18.1% and 13.0% combined of our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. These customers both utilize our accounts payable automation solution and are contracted with us through September 2019 and December 2019, respectively
 
PRODUCTS AND SERVICES
 
Paybox provides a unified working capital management platform for Order-to-Cash and Procure-to-Pay processes.
 
Order-to-Cash: PAYBOX®
 
Paybox’s flagship solution is a working capital management platform, called PAYBOX. PAYBOX combines capabilities for: e-invoicing, online approvals and adjustments, electronic payments, and integration with ERP, AR, and lockbox systems.
 
In November 2014, Paybox successfully launched PAYBOX for a global bank client. The bank is using PAYBOX to provide white-label accounts receivable automation to a leading consumer goods provider. The bank is now marketing PAYBOX to its treasury management client base.
 
 
2
 
 
PAYBOX’s end-to-end approach to order-to-cash helps businesses accelerate Days Sales Outstanding (“DSO”), reduce receivables costs, improve straight-through AR posting, and increase visibility into financial information.
 
PAYBOX is a modular, “Reverse Lockbox” solution that integrates with legacy ERP, AR, lockbox (including remote deposit capture and mobile capture solutions) or treasury systems to provide a building block for an integrated receivables strategy.
 
PAYBOX streamlines receivables processes end-to-end by combining:
 
Invoice Presentment: Enables billers to present invoices in any format required by payers, including electronic invoicing, invoice network integration, and print. Payers access electronic invoices via a password-protected mailbox on the PAYBOX portal.
 
Online Adjustments & Approvals: Replicates a payer’s workflow to allow for online review, adjustment, and approval of invoices. Payers also can attach supplemental information (such as images of damaged items) for disputes, and manage credits. Billers receive real-time updates on adjusted invoices.
 
Electronic Payments: Enables payers to control the amount they pay, the payment type, and the settlement date. Payers can upload discount schedules and set rules for how payments are made. PAYBOX is PCI-compliant and supports most payment types.
 
Integration: Provides a remittance file for reconciliation and posting. PAYBOX is ERP-agnostic, and Paybox is an SAP-Certified Business Partner. Additionally, the PAYBOX platform was developed to coexist with legacy lockbox processing platforms.
 
Downstream Financing: Facilitates dynamic discount and supply chain financing.
 
Paybox rounds out its PAYBOX offering with a third-party print/mail partnership to manage the paper-to-electronic transition all firms face.
 
PAYBOX is delivered exclusively as a SaaS offering.
 
Although corporations can purchase PAYBOX directly from Paybox, we also sell PAYBOX through banks as a white-labeled solution. The flexibility of PAYBOX helps banks accelerate their integrated receivables strategy. A bank could, for example, use PAYBOX as an e-invoicing and electronic payments solution for commercial clients, while interfacing with wholesale lockbox to offer an integrated receivables solution later on.
 
Procure-to Pay: e-invoice Automation for Accounts Payable
 
Paybox’s e-invoice Management for Accounts Payable increases accounts payable productivity by streamlining and automating manual supplier invoice validation, inquiry and approval processes.
 
Paybox’s Procure-to-Pay service is focused on providing the following significant business benefits:
 
Eliminate manual invoice validation processes
Improve on-time payments and the ability to capture early payment discounts
 
3
 
 
Increase supplier e-invoice submission
Reduce Accounts Payable call center traffic
Enhance supplier relationships and overall ease of business
 
Supplier Self-Service Portal
 
Paybox’s Procure-to-Pay service offering includes a supplier self-service portal and e-invoice presentment capability that is able to reduce call center traffic by resolving inquiries without human intervention. Paybox’s online portal allows suppliers to access their invoice status, invoice line items, attachments, payment status, and other relevant billing information on their own time, at any time and without having to call or wait for support.
 
Supplier Electronic Invoice Submission
 
Suppliers are able to submit their invoices via electronic formats and/or adapters, including web form entry, supplier networks, spreadsheet upload, and ERP adapters such as Oracle, SAP, Great Plains, or legacy billing systems. Suppliers can also perform a purchase order ‘flip’ function where customer orders can be used to automatically generate preliminary bills for review and release for payment.
 
Invoice Matching and Workflow Exception Handling
 
Paybox’s Procure-to-Pay service allows Accounts Payable administrators the ability to configure robust invoice validation business rules where inbound supplier invoices can be automatically matched against orders, variable consumption reports, or other business documents. Noncompliant invoices and line items are flagged and routed for exception workflow handling.
 
Vendor Boarding and Supplier Services
 
A key component of deploying Procure-to-Pay services is to assure that suppliers register with such services and are properly ‘boarded’ into the Procure-to-Pay environment. Paybox provides a complete set of suppliers’ services such as webinars, training materials, and help services embedded within the service offering. Additionally, Paybox provides vendor boarding campaigns which include statistical analysis of vendor invoice submission, and calling and email programs that effectively communicate the buyer’s strategic direction to the suppliers requiring their participation.
 
Invoice Approval & Payment
 
Once invoices have been validated they can be routed to the Accounts Payable financial system for disbursement or paid within the Paybox self-service portal. The service fully integrates with all of the major ERP systems, ensuring seamless system interoperability.
 
Audit and Traceability
 
Paybox’s Procure-to-Pay and Order-to-Cash service offerings support a complete audit log whereby all internal and external user actions are logged, tracked and presented in views of user activity history. At any time, authorized administrators can review online user activity and monitor user adoption.
 
 
4
 
 
SALES AND MARKETING
 
Channels to Market
 
Paybox has two primary marketing channels: (i) direct: through our sales representatives; and (ii) indirect: through strategic partners, like HPE. These channels are supported by a technical sales support group.
 
Direct
 
Our direct sales organization consists of senior sales associates complemented by sales support resources. The sales associates and support resources are primarily responsible for qualifying direct opportunities. Sales associates engage in direct sales activities that include business value analysis and alignment, capabilities demonstrations, procurement and contract management. Paybox’s executive management team is actively involved with and complements Paybox’s direct sales organization.
 
Indirect
 
Paybox continues to pursue and utilize both reseller agreements and strategic partnerships as tools in our effort to acquire new customers and revenue streams and in certain instances enhance our current offerings to existing accounts. Paybox has executed reseller agreements with several business partners, such as HPE, who provide Business Process Outsourcing/Financial Services and offer our Accounts Payable/Accounts Receivable Automation and Payment services to their existing clients, or in certain cases we develop and deploy a dual go-to-market strategy to new clients. Paybox has formed strategic partnerships with several business partners who provide inbound mail drop boxes, paper scanning services, image capture, image and document routing and reporting services and in certain other cases, both software and financial certification and verification services. The utilization of both these reseller agreements and strategic partnerships is a critical and cost effective way to be introduced to new customers and potential revenue streams. Further, Paybox is able to leverage the investment of our partners to combine and enhance the Paybox suite of products that can be introduced and sold to the market.
 
The successful launch of PAYBOX in 2014 created a partnership with Paybox’s global bank client. As a result of such partnership, PAYBOX has been introduced to the global bank’s existing and potential customers and the Company expects that will continue in the future.
 
Technical Sales Support and Post-Sales Account Management
 
Paybox has a pre-sales support staff and adds post-sales support to the existing client services management group as it secures new business. This group is responsible for technical sales presentations, developing proposals and pricing, contract administration and post-implementation account relationship management.
 
Certified Partnerships
 
In 2010, Paybox achieved SAP partner certification. As a result of the certified integration, Invoices On-Line (“IOL”) now provides seamless interoperability with more than twenty different business objects supported by SAP ERP systems. This allows Paybox SAP customers the ability to automate and extend their Procure-to-Pay or Order-to-Cash processes to the cloud, including purchase order distribution, invoice receipt and validation, workflow, and electronic payments.
 
 
5
 
 
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
 
The computer software industry is characterized by rapid technological change, which requires ongoing development and maintenance of software products. It is customary for modifications to be made to a software product as experience with its use grows or changes in manufacturers’ hardware and software so require.
 
We believe that our research and development staff, many with extensive experience in the industry, represents a significant competitive advantage. As of December 31, 2016, our research and development group consisted of 14 employees. Further, when needed, we retain the services of independent professional consultants. We seek to recruit highly qualified employees, and our ability to attract and retain such employees is expected to be a principal factor in our success in maintaining a leading technological position. For the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, research and development expenses were approximately $1,367,000, $1,560,000 and $1,738,000, respectively. An additional $107,000, $194,000 and $474,000 were accounted for as capitalized software in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. We believe that continued investments in research and development are required in order to remain competitive.
 
COMPETITION
 
We believe our competitors may provide some or all of the services we provide to the marketplace. Our competitors offer some of the various components or functions in Accounts Receivable Automation, Accounts Payable Automation and Payments Processing. Our primary competitors include Ariba, Inc., Basware Corporation, Billtrust, Bottomline Technologies, Corcentric Cloud Solutions, LLC, Direct Commerce Inc., Genpact Limited, Taulia Inc., and Tradeshift Inc., among others.
 
Many of our current and potential competitors have greater name recognition, larger installed customer bases, longer operating histories, and substantially greater financial, technical and marketing resources than Paybox. We cannot assume that current and potential competitors will not develop products that may be or may be perceived to be more effective or responsive to technological change than are our current or future products or that our technologies and products will not be rendered obsolete by such developments. Increased competition could result in price reductions, reduced margins or loss of market share.
 
EMPLOYEES
 
We have 37 employees, of whom 32 were full-time, all in the United States, including 24 in production, development and technical support (20 full-time), 3 in sales and marketing, 5 in technical sales support and post-sales management, and 5 in corporate finance and administration. Our future success will depend in part upon our continued ability to attract and retain highly skilled and qualified personnel. We believe that our relations with our employees are good, and we have no collective bargaining agreements with any labor unions.
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
 
We rely on proprietary knowledge and employ various methods, including confidentiality agreements, to protect our software code, concepts, ideas and documentation of our proprietary technology. We own a copyright for Invoices on-Line (IOL), and trademarks for Direct Insite® and PAYBOX®.
 
Despite our efforts, unauthorized parties may attempt to copy aspects of our products, obtain and use information that we regard as proprietary or misappropriate our copyrights, trademarks, trade dress and similar proprietary rights. In addition, the laws of some foreign countries do not protect proprietary rights to as great an extent as do the laws of the United States. Our means of protecting our proprietary rights may not be adequate. In addition, our competitors might independently develop similar technology or duplicate our products or circumvent any patents or our other intellectual property rights.
 
 
6
 
 
AVAILABLE INFORMATION
 
We make available free of charge our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), including our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. Copies of our filings with the SEC are also available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.
 
Our principal executive office is located at 500 East Broward Boulevard, Suite 1550, Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33394. Our telephone number is (954) 510-3750. Our website is www.gopaybox.com. The information on, or that can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated by reference into this annual report and should not be considered to be a part of this annual report.
 
Item 1A. 
RISK FACTORS
 
Not Applicable.
 
Item 1B. 
UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
 
Not Applicable.
 
Item 2. 
DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTIES
 
As of December 31, 2016, we maintained leased facilities in the locations listed below:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Annual
Description 
 
Location 
 
Square Footage 
 
Lease Term 
 
Rental Cost 
Corporate office 
 
Ft. Lauderdale, FL
 
5,806
 
   02/08/13 – 07/31/18
 
$198,000
Co-location facility
 
Miami, FL
 
Note 1
 
   8/18/16 – 08/17/17
 
$ 121,000
Co-location facility
 
Amsterdam, Netherlands
 
Note 2
 
  11/1/14 – 10/31/18
 
$ 87,000
 
Note 1. The co-location facility in Miami, Florida provides rack space for our computer equipment and the rental is not based on square footage used.
 
Note 2. The Amsterdam data center is utilized for enterprise cloud services and no physical property is allocated.
 
 
Item 3. 
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
We are not currently involved in any legal or regulatory proceeding, or arbitration, the outcome of which is expected to have a material adverse effect on our business, and no such proceedings are contemplated.
 
Item 4. 
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
 
Not Applicable.
 
7
 
 
PART II
 
Item 5. 
MARKET FOR COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
(a) Market Information
 
Our common stock is traded on the OTC QB under the symbol “DIRI” through November 11, 2016, and since then has traded under the symbol “PBOX”. The following table sets forth the high and low closing prices for our common stock by the quarters indicated:
 
 
 
Closing Stock Price 
 
 
 
High 
 
 
Low 
 
 Year ended December 31, 2016:
 
 
 
 
 
 
1st Quarter 
 $0.74 
 $0.43 
2nd Quarter 
 $0.76 
 $0.56 
3rd Quarter 
 $0.69 
 $0.33 
4th Quarter 
 $0.56 
 $0.30 
 
    
    
Year ended December 31, 2015:
    
    
1st Quarter 
 $0.90 
 $0.72 
2nd Quarter 
 $1.18 
 $0.74 
3rd Quarter 
 $1.09 
 $0.86 
4th Quarter 
 $0.97 
 $0.54 
 
(b)            
As of March 13, 2017 there were 2,514 stockholders of record of our common stock.
(c)            
In 2016 and 2015, the Company paid no dividends to stockholders. Further dividend policy will be determined by our Board of Directors based on our earnings, financial condition, capital requirements and other then existing conditions. It is anticipated that cash dividends will not be paid to the holders of our common stock in the foreseeable future.
 
Item 6.    SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
 
Not Applicable.
 
Item 7. 
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
OVERVIEW
 
The Company was incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware on August 27, 1987. We consummated our initial public offering in 1992. In May 1990, we changed our name from Unique Ventures, Inc. to Computer Concepts, Inc., in August 2000, we changed our name to Direct Insite Corp., and in September 2016, we changed our name to Paybox Corp to align the corporate name and brand with the Company’s globally deployed Working Capital Management Platform, PAYBOX®.
 
Paybox operates as a SaaS provider, providing best practice financial supply chain automation and workflow efficiencies within the Order-to-Cash and Procure-to-Pay processes. Specifically, Paybox’s global e-invoice management services automate complex manual business processes such as e-invoice presentment, online approval and dispute handling, order matching, consolidation, and e-payment processing in a business-to-business transaction based “fee for services” business model.
 
 
8
 
 
Through the automation and workflow of Order-to-Cash and Procure-to-Pay processes and the presentation of invoices, orders, and attachment data via a self-service portal, Paybox is helping our customers reduce manual invoice-to-order reconciliation costs, reduce the frequency of inquiries and disputes, reduce days’ sales outstanding, improve cash flow, increase competitiveness, and improve customer satisfaction.
 
Paybox is currently delivering service and business value across the Americas, Europe, and Asia, including more than 100 countries, in 35 currencies and 17 languages. Paybox processes more than $160 billion in invoice value annually on behalf of our clients. Paybox processes, distributes and hosts millions of invoices, purchase orders, and supporting attachment documents, making them accessible on-line with an internet self-service portal. Suppliers, customers, and internal departments, such as Finance and Accounting or Customer Service users, can easily access their business documents. For more than ten years, Paybox has built a track record in automating some of the most demanding financial environments, including the global shared services environments for some of the world's largest companies.
 
HPE accounted for approximately 21.5% and 33% of our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. As of December 31, 2016, we had one remaining principal contract with HPE providing e-invoice services. This contract terminates in June 2018. The contract may be terminated by either party with ninety days’ advance written notice. In November 2015, we were notified by HPE that one of its clients, representing approximately 3.0% and 14.7% of our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, was terminating its contract with HPE effective February 23, 2016. As disclosed in our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 19, 2016, despite efforts to negotiate a direct contractual agreement with this client, the client ultimately decided to terminate its use of our services, and accordingly, the Company has not recorded revenue after February 2016 in connection with this contract. We were further notified by HPE in August 2016 that another of its clients, representing 4.5% and 6.3% of our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, was terminating its contract with HPE effective August 15, 2016, and accordingly, the Company has not recorded revenue from this client after August 2016.
 
IBM, representing approximately 42.5% and 37.3% of our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, utilizes our suite of services to allow its customers from around the globe to receive, analyze, dispute and cost allocate all of their invoice data in their local language and currency via the internet. We have two principal contracts with IBM to provide e-invoice services for substantially all of IBM’s operating units. During December 2016, both of these contracts were extended for a one-year period, through December 31, 2017, and are renewable annually thereafter. These contracts may be terminated on one hundred eighty days’ advance written notice. In February 2017, we were notified by IBM that they are terminating one of their contracts with us effective September 1, 2017. Approximately 35.1% and 31.3% of the Company’s revenues were attributable to this agreement with IBM in the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. We are in active discussions with IBM to continue providing a portion, if not all, of the level of services historically provided but there can be no assurances that such discussions will result in the continuing of services to this client.
 
We have two other customers, representing approximately 24.0% and 18.1% combined of our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. These customers both utilize our accounts payable automation solution and are contracted with us through September 2019 and December 2019, respectively.
 
 
9
 
 
SEASONALITY/QUANTITY FLUCTUATIONS
 
Revenue from SaaS ongoing services generally is not subject to fluctuations or seasonal flows. However, revenue derived from custom engineering services have a tendency to fluctuate significantly based on customer demand.
 
Other factors, including, but not limited to, new service introductions, domestic and global economic conditions, customer budgetary considerations, and the timing of product upgrades may create fluctuations. As a result, our operating results for any quarter are not necessarily indicative of results for any future period.
 
OUR CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Our financial statements and the notes to our financial statements contain information that is pertinent to management’s discussion and analysis and use of estimates. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. On a continual basis, management reviews its estimates utilizing currently available information, changes in facts and circumstances, historical experience and reasonable assumptions. After such reviews, and if deemed appropriate, those estimates are adjusted accordingly. Actual results may vary from these estimates and assumptions under different and/or future circumstances. Management considers an accounting estimate to be critical if:
 
it requires assumptions to be made that were uncertain at the time the estimate was made; and
changes in the estimate, or the use of different estimating methods that could have been selected, could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations or financial condition.
 
The following critical accounting policies have been identified that affect the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements. We have discussed the application of these critical accounting policies with our Audit Committee. The following critical accounting policies are not intended to be a comprehensive list of all of the Company’s accounting policies or estimates.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
We record revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 605, Revenue Recognition, and SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 13, Revenue Recognition in Financial Statements. Revenue is recognized when it is both earned and realizable, that is, when the following criteria are met:
 
persuasive evidence of arrangements exist;
delivery has occurred or services have been rendered;
the seller’s price is fixed and determinable; and
collectability is reasonably assured.
 
 
10
 
 
The following are the specific revenue recognition policies for each major category of revenue.
 
Recurring (Ongoing Services)
 
We provide transactional data processing services through our SaaS software solutions to our customers. The customer is charged a monthly fixed rate on a per transaction basis or a fixed fee based on monthly transaction volumes. Revenue is recognized as the services are provided.
 
Non-Recurring (Professional Services)
 
We provide non-recurring engineering services to our customers, which may include initial or additional development, modification, and customization services to our software platform. Such services are billed based on: (i) hourly rates; or (ii) milestone billings. For hourly billed services, revenue is recognized when work is performed. For milestone billed services, revenue is recognized when the project milestone has been accepted by the customer. We do not sell software licenses, upgrades or enhancements, or post-contract customer services.
 
Income Taxes
 
We account for income taxes using the asset and liability method. This method requires the determination of deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the differences between the financial statement and income tax basis of assets and liabilities, using enacted tax rates. Additionally, net deferred tax assets are adjusted by a valuation allowance if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the net deferred tax assets will not be realized. We review positive and negative evidence in conjunction with our expected taxable income for future periods to determine if it is more likely than not that it will be able to utilize the tax benefits related to net operating loss carry-forwards in future tax years.
 
In addition, we expect to provide a valuation allowance on the remaining future tax benefits until we can sustain a level of profitability that demonstrates our ability to utilize the remaining assets, or other significant positive evidence arises that suggests our ability to utilize the remaining assets.
 
The future realization of a portion of the reserved deferred tax assets related to tax benefits associated with the exercise of stock options, if and when realized, will not result in a tax benefit in the statement of income, but rather will result in an increase in additional paid-in capital. We will continue to re-assess its reserves on deferred income tax assets in future periods on a quarterly basis.
 
Stock-Based Compensation
 
We account for stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). ASC 718 establishes accounting for stock-based awards exchanged for employee services. Under the provisions of ASC 718, stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the fair value of the award, and is recognized as expense over the employee’s requisite service period (generally the vesting period of the equity grant) using the straight-line method.
 
The fair value of the Company’s common stock options are estimated using the Black Scholes-Merton option-pricing model with the following assumptions: expected volatility, dividend rate, risk free interest rate, and the expected life. We calculate the expected volatility using the historical volatility over the most recent period equal to the expected term and evaluates the extent to which available information indicate that future volatility may differ from historical volatility. The expected dividend rate is zero as the Company does not expect to pay or declare any cash dividends on common stock. The risk-free rates for the expected terms of the stock options are based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of the grant.
 
We have not experienced significant exercise activity on stock options. We determine the expected term of its stock option awards issued using the simplified method. The simplified method assumes each vesting tranche of the award has a term equal to the midpoint between when the award vests and when the award expires.
 
 
11
 
 
In accordance with ASC 718, excess tax benefits realized from the exercise of stock-based awards are classified in cash flows from financing activities. The future realization of the reserved deferred tax assets related to these tax benefits associated with the exercise of stock options will result in a credit to additional paid-in capital if the related tax deduction reduces taxes payable. We have elected the “with and without approach” regarding ordering of windfall tax benefits to determine whether the windfall tax benefit did reduce taxes payable in the current year. Under this approach, the windfall tax benefit would be recognized in additional paid-in-capital only if an incremental tax benefit is realized after considering all other benefits presently available.
 
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
 
ASC 360, Plant, Property, and Equipment, requires management judgments regarding the future operating and disposition plans for marginally performing assets, and estimates of expected realizable values for assets to be sold. We account for our long-lived assets in accordance with ASC 360 for purposes of determining and measuring impairment. It is our policy to review the value assigned to the Company’s long lived assets, to determine if they have been permanently impaired by adverse conditions whenever events or circumstances indicate the related carrying amount may not be recoverable. If required, an impairment charge would be recorded based on an estimate of future discounted cash flows.
 
In order to test for recoverability, we would compare the sum of an undiscounted cash flow projection from the related long-lived assets to the net carrying amount of such assets. Considerable management judgment is necessary to estimate undiscounted future operating cash flows and fair values and, accordingly, actual results could vary significantly from such estimates.
 
Capitalization of Internally Developed Software
 
In November 2014, we released the first phase of PAYBOX®, a next generation version of our accounts receivable platform. It was designed for a global bank client and will be available to all Order-to-Cash process customers. According to ASC 350-40, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other-Internal-Use Software, we are able to capitalize the costs associated with the application development stage of a project. We started amortizing capitalized costs of this first phase when the software was ready for use and placed in service in November 2014. The capitalized costs are being amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated five-year useful life of the software. As additional functionality is added, costs incurred are capitalized in accordance with ASC 350-40. During 2016, in accordance with professional standards the Company had been deferring precontract costs software development costs that were determined to be directly associated with specific anticipated contracts for which recovery is possible. Although we renewed our contract with IBM in December 2016, we were notified in February 2017 of their intention to terminate one of our contracts effective September 2017. We have therefore expensed all costs capitalized during the year ($372,000) during the fourth quarter of 2016.
 
 
12
 
 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
The following is a summary of our operating results for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 (in thousands):
 
 
 
2016 
 
 
2015 
 
 
Increase (Decrease) 
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recurring 
 $5,303 
 $6,745 
 $(1,442)
  (21.4) %
Non-recurring 
  1,209 
  1,266 
  (57)
  (4.5)%
Total revenues 
  6,512 
  8,011 
  (1,499)
  (18.7)%
 
    
    
    
    
Operating costs and expenses:
    
    
    
    
Operations, research and development
  3,015 
  3,389 
  (374)
  (11.0)%
Sales and marketing 
  1,468 
  1,417 
  51 
  3.6%
General and administrative 
  2,091 
  2,321 
  (230)
  (9.9)%
Amortization and depreciation 
  230 
  289 
  (59)
  (20.4)%
Total operating costs and expenses
  6,804 
  7,416 
  (612)
  (8.3)%
 
    
    
    
    
Operating income (loss) 
  (292)
  595 
  (887)
  (100%)+
Other expense, net 
  (263)
  (4)
  (259)
  (100%)+
 
    
    
    
    
Income (loss) before provision for income taxes
  (555)
  591 
  (1,146)
  (100%)+
Provision for income taxes 
  (916)
  (23)
  (893)
  (100%)+
 
    
    
    
    
Net income (loss) 
 $(1,471)
 $568 
 $(2,039)
  (100%)+
 
Revenues
 
For the year ended December 31, 2016, revenue decreased $1,499,000, or 18.7%, to $6,512,000 compared to $8,011,000 in 2015. Recurring revenue decreased $1,442,000, or 21.4%, to $5,303,000 in 2016 from $6,745,000 in 2015. This was primarily due to the loss of two significant channel partner customers during 2016. Non-recurring revenue decreased by $57,000, or 4.5%, to $1,209,000 in 2016 from $1,266,000 in 2015 primarily due to the non-recurrence of certain prior year customer-requested modifications, partially offset by higher scanning fees.
 
Operating Costs and Expenses
 
Costs of operations, research and development decreased by $374,000, or 11.0%, to $3,015,000 for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to $3,389,000 in 2015. These costs consist principally of salaries and related expenses for software development, programming, custom engineering, network services, and quality control and assurance. Also included are costs for purchased services, network costs, costs of the production co-location facilities and other expenses directly related to our custom engineering and SaaS services. The decrease was primarily due to reduced salary expense resulting from lower headcount ($274,000), a decrease in subcontractor usage and lower cloud license fees, partially offset by higher scanning charges. Salary costs of approximately $372,000 that had been deferred as precontract costs earlier in 2016 were expensed in the fourth quarter of 2016 due to the notification of termination of one of the IBM contracts.
 
Sales and marketing costs increased by approximately $51,000, or 3.6%, to $1,468,000 for the year ended December 31, 2016 from $1,417,000 for the comparable prior year period, primarily due to a lower consulting and professional fees, partially offset by increased trade show and marketing expenses, resulting from a more targeted marketing approach.
 
General and administrative costs decreased by $230,000, or 9.9%, to $2,091,000 for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $2,321,000 in 2015, primarily due to lower compensation-related costs.
 
 
13
 
 
Amortization and depreciation expense decreased by $59,000, or 20.4%, to $230,000 for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to $289,000 in 2015, as the amortization of internally developed software costs were offset by existing assets that became fully depreciated during the year.
 
Operating Income (Loss)
 
For the year ended December 31, 2016, we had an operating loss of $292,000, compared to operating income of $595,000 for the year ended December 31, 2015, a decrease of $887,000. The loss reflects the lower revenue that resulted from the loss of two significant channel partner customers as discussed above.
 
Other Expense, net
 
Other expense, net for the year ended December 31, 2016, was $263,000 compared to $4,000 in 2015, an increase of $259,000. The costs were related to the Company’s potential reverse stock split as disclosed on Form 8-K in December 2016.
 
Provision for Income Taxes
 
We had a provision for income taxes in 2016 of $916,000, compared with $23,000 in 2015, resulting from an additional valuation allowance against our deferred tax asset, resulting from revised projections of taxable income for future periods.
 
Net Income (Loss)
 
For the year ended December 31, 2016, we had a net loss of $1,471,000 compared to net income of $568,000 for the year ended December 31, 2015. The change resulted from the operating loss, the costs of the Company’s potential reverse stock split and the additional valuation allowance against our deferred tax asset.
 
Financial Condition and Liquidity
 
As of December 31, 2016, the Company had total stockholders’ equity of $3,758,000, working capital of $2,377,000 and an accumulated deficit of $112,538,000. The Company’s cash decreased by $29,000 during the year ended December 31, 2016, to $2,346,000 on hand as of December 31, 2016, while accounts receivable decreased by $169,000 to $1,275,000.
 
Cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $154,000, and primarily consisted of: (i) net loss of $1,471,000; (ii) non-cash valuation allowance against deferred tax asset of $916,000; (iii) non-cash charges for amortization and depreciation of $230,000; (iv) non-cash stock-based compensation expense of $145,000; (v) a decrease in accounts receivable of $169,000; and (vi) increases in accounts payable and accrued liabilities of $144,000.
 
Cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $1,732,000, and primarily consisted of: (i) net income of $568,000; (ii) non-cash charges for amortization and depreciation of $289,000; (iii) non-cash stock-based compensation expense of $213,000; and (iv) a decrease in accounts receivable of $963,000, partially offset by decreases in accounts payable and accrued liabilities of $217,000 and in deferred revenue of $52,000, and an increase in prepaid expenses and other current assets of $25,000.
 
Cash used in investing activities was $172,000 and $203,000 for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, due primarily to capitalization of internally developed software in both years.
 
 
14
 
 
Cash used in financing activities was $11,000 and $25,000 for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, reflecting payments on capital leases.
 
As a result of these operating, investing and financing activities, cash decreased by $29,000 to $2,346,000 at December 31, 2016, compared to a cash increase of $1,504,000 to $2,375,000 at December 31, 2015.
 
The Company’s primary source of liquidity is cash generated from operations. We believe that our current cash balance along with cash generated from operations, will meet our liquidity needs for the next twelve months from the filing of this annual report. No assurances can be given, however, that this will be the case. If the Company moves forward with its intended reverse stock split as described in the Form 8-K filed as of December 19, 2016, it is expected that substantial cost savings will be derived. Should we require more liquidity than our current cash balances and cash generated from operations will provide, we believe we could obtain additional liquidity through debt or equity financing.
 
The Company does not have any material commitments for capital expenditures.
 
Net Operating Loss Carry Forwards
 
At December 31, 2016, the Company has federal and state net operating loss carryforward (“NOLs”) remaining of approximately $25 million and $329,000, respectively, which may be available to reduce taxable income, if any. Due to changes in certain state tax laws, the previous state NOL of $20 million may no longer be utilized by the Company. Remaining federal net operating loss carry forwards expire from 2019 through 2036. However, Internal Revenue Code Section 382 rules limit the utilization of NOLs upon an ownership change of a company. During 2016, we performed an evaluation as to whether an ownership change had taken place. We believe that there has been no ownership change as such term is defined in Section 382. If it is determined that an ownership change has taken place, utilization of the NOLs will be subject to limitations in future periods, which could eliminate a substantial portion of the future income tax benefits of the NOLs.
 
During 2016, the Company reviewed previous positive and negative evidence and also reviewed its expected taxable income for future periods and concluded it is more likely than not that approximately $280,000 of tax benefits relating to NOLs will be utilized.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
The Company has no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on its financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to investors.
 
Item 7A.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
Not Applicable.
 
Item 8. 
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
 
The financial statements are included beginning on page F-1.
 
Item 9. 
CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE
 
None.
 
 
15
 
 
Item 9A. 
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
As of the end of the period covered by this report, we conducted an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act). The term disclosure controls and procedures means controls and other procedures of the Company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Based upon this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of December 31, 2016, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.
 
Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the Company’s principal executive and principal financial officers, and effected by the Board of Directors, management, and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“U.S. GAAP”) including those policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company, (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company, and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with policies and procedures may deteriorate.
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we have assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2016. In making this assessment, our management used the criteria described in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued in 2013 by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this assessment and those criteria, our management concluded that the Company did maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2016.
 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
There were no changes in internal controls during the quarter ended December 31, 2016 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting.
 
Item 9B. 
OTHER INFORMATION
 
None.
 
 
16
 
PART III
 
Item 10. 
DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
 
As of March 15, 2017, the names, ages and positions of the directors, executive officers and key employees of the Company are as follows:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Director
Name 
 
Age
 
Position                                        
 
Since
Matthew E. Oakes 
 
54
 
Chairman of the Board of Directors, Chief Executive Officer and President
 
2011
James A. Cannavino(1) 
 
72
 
Director
 
2000
Paul Lisiak(1)(2) 
 
43
 
Director
 
2012
Thomas C. Lund(3) 
 
73
 
Director
 
2011
John J. Murabito(1) 
 
61
 
Director
 
2011
Lowell Rush 
 
60
 
Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer
 
 
 
(1) Member of the Audit Committee
(2) Member of the Governance and Nominating Committee
(3) Member of the Compensation Committee
 
Matthew E. Oakes was appointed Chairman of the Board of Directors on June 3, 2014. He has held the position of Chief Executive Officer since May 25, 2011 and has served as President since March 2009. He previously held the position of Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer from August 2006, and Executive Vice President – Client Services since November of 2002. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Oakes served for three years as the Chief Operating Officer for Direct Media Networks a New York based e-commerce and technology company. He held executive positions in Westinghouse Communities Inc. including Managing Director of Operations. Mr. Oakes received a Juris Doctorate of Law from Nova Southeastern University and a Bachelor’s Degree in Business from Cornell University. Prior to attending Cornell University, he served with the United States Marine Corps in the Special Operations Group of the 3rd Marine Division and as a Marine Drill Instructor at the Marine Corp Recruit Depot, Paris Island, South Carolina. As President and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Oakes brings to the Board an intimate knowledge of the Company’s business and a management perspective. Mr. Oakes has shaped the corporate vision of Paybox and is focused on driving strategic business growth for the Company. He leads the organization in the development and execution of all business processes and operations, and drives constant improvement initiatives to ensure complete client satisfaction. 
 
 
17
 
 
James A. Cannavino has been a director since March 2000, served as Chairman of the Board from March 2000 to May 2011, and served as Chief Executive Officer from December 2002 to May 2011. From September 1997 to April 2000 he was the non-executive Chairman of Softworks, Inc. (a then wholly owned subsidiary of the Company), which went public and was later sold to EMC. Mr. Cannavino was also the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors of CyberSafe, Inc., a corporation specializing in network security, from April 1998 to July 2001. In August 1995, he was appointed as President and Chief Operating Officer of Perot Systems Corporation and in 1996 was elected to serve as Chief Executive Officer through July 1997. Prior to that, he served as a Senior Vice President at IBM, responsible for strategy and development. Mr. Cannavino held various positions at IBM for over thirty years beginning in 1963. He also served on the IBM Corporate Executive Committee and Worldwide Management Council, and on the Board of IBM’s integrated services and solutions company. Mr. Cannavino presently serves on the Boards of 1-800 Flowers, after 30 years as a Board member is now an emeritus Board member of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, and is the Chairman of the Board of the International Center for Missing and Exploited Children. He recently was the Chairman of the Board of Marist College in Poughkeepsie, New York and continues to serve on the Board. Mr. Cannavino brings to our Board knowledge and experience regarding our history and operations and, generally, the computer software industry, finance and capital markets.
 
Paul Lisiak has been a director since May 2012 and is the Managing Partner of Metropolitan Equity Partners, which employs a special situation investment strategy with a particular focus on financial services.  Prior thereto, he was a member of the Global High Yield team at Lazard Asset Management.  Mr. Lisiak graduated with a BA in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania and was an English Speaking Union Fellow. He is currently a board member of CreditMax, Paybox Corp (PBOX.QB), New Credit America and Next Level Finance Partners.  He is also an observer at BizFi.com.  Mr. Lisiak brings to our Board experience in finance and management oversight, as well as the perspective of the Companyís largest outside stockholder, whom he represents.
 
Thomas C. Lund has been a director since May 2011 and is the founder and Chief Executive Officer of Lund Capital Group, a private commercial real estate company that has holdings in various regions across the U.S. Prior to founding Lund Capital Group in 2000, Mr. Lund, in 1981, founded Customer Development Corporation (“CDC”), a company specializing in database management and marketing for financial institutions and other various companies around the world and that he sold in 1998. Mr. Lund is widely known as a pioneer of database marketing. In 1987, CDC was honored by Inc. Magazine as the 8th fastest growing privately held company in the country. Mr. Lund, who is credited worldwide with many technical and creative innovations in the database marketing industry, also received the coveted “High-Tech Entrepreneur of the Year” award by Entrepreneur Magazine. In addition to Mr. Lund’s business interests, he and his wife are active philanthropists. Mr. Lund brings to the Board extensive experience in marketing and business growth, which is especially important as the Company seeks to expand its customer base.
 
 
18
 
 
John J. Murabito has been a director since May 2011 and served as Chairman of the Board from May 2011 to May 2012. From November 2001 through February 2011, Mr. Murabito was Chief Executive Officer of Hapoalim Securities USA, Inc. and its predecessor companies, including Investec (US) Inc., an affiliate of the Investec Group, an international banking group. In his role as Chief Executive Officer of Investec (US) Inc., Mr. Murabito oversaw a firm with approximately 1,000 employees and $1 billion of assets. Mr. Murabito successfully restructured the company’s US operations, including the acquisition and disposition of businesses, to enhance stockholder value. Mr. Murabito was a Managing Director in Information Technology at the National Securities Clearing Corporation and served as deputy Chief Information Officer for this essential US securities industry clearing utility. Previously, Mr. Murabito was a general partner in the investment advisor Weiss Peck & Greer responsible for information technology and portfolio administration. Mr. Murabito spent ten years with the investment bank Dillon Read & Company, including as Chief Information Officer. Mr. Murabito earned a Masters of Business Administration from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. Mr. Murabito’s nearly thirty years of experience with investment banking and operations bring to the Board strong and effective knowledge of corporate governance, executive management and finance.
 
Lowell Rush joined Paybox as acting Chief Financial Officer in October 2013, and was appointed its Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer in December 2013.   Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Rush held positions as Chief Operating Officer of Cosmetic Dermatology, Inc. from 2011 to 2013, Vice President / Chief Financial Officer of Bijoux Terner from 2008 to 2010, and Chief Financial Officer of Little Switzerland, Inc. from 2006 to 2008, in addition to various financial management roles at Sunglass Hut International, Burger King Corp. and Knight-Ridder. He began his career with Big Four firms Ernst & Young and Deloitte & Touche. Mr. Rush is a Certified Public Accountant with a Bachelor of Science degree in Accounting from the State University of New York at Buffalo, and holds an Executive Masters of Business Administration degree in International Business from the University of Miami. Mr. Rush has more than 35 years of experience, primarily in financial management and operational development. He is experienced in strategic planning and implementation, SEC compliance and reporting, cost reduction and avoidance, and corporate development. He plays a key role in leading Paybox's financial organization as the Company continues to execute upon its growth strategy and explore new strategic opportunities. As noted in our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 15, 2017, Lowell Rush, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, has announced his resignation effective March 31, 2017.
 
Term of Office and Family Relationships
 
All directors hold office until the next annual meeting of shareholders or until their respective successors are elected or until their earlier death, resignation or removal. Executive officers are appointed by and serve at the discretion of our Board of Directors. There are no family relationships between any of our directors or executive officers. As noted in our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 15, 2017, Lowell Rush, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, has announced his resignation effective March 31, 2017.
 
Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance
 
Pursuant to Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act and the rules thereunder, the Company’s executive officers and directors and persons who own more than 10% of a registered class of the Company’s equity securities are required to file with the SEC reports of their ownership of, and transactions in, the Company's common stock. 
 
 
19
 
 
Code of Ethics
 
Paybox adopted a Corporate Code of Business Ethics in 2004 that applies to all employees, officers and directors. It is broad in scope and is intended to foster honest and ethical conduct, including accurate financial reporting, compliance with laws and the like. In addition, in 2005 the Company adopted an additional “Code of Ethics – Chief Executive and Chief Financial Officers” to comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the regulations of the SEC. This code is posted on our internet website at http://www.gopaybox.com/code-of-ethics/.
 
Audit Committee and Audit Committee Financial Expert
 
The Board has a standing Audit Committee. The Board has determined that each Director who serves on the Audit Committee is independent, as that term is defined by NASDAQ Listing Rule 5605(a)(2). From January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016, the Audit Committee consisted of John Murabito, Paul Lisiak, and James Cannavino. The Board has determined that Messrs. Murabito, who currently serves as Chairman of the Audit Committee, Lisiak and Cannavino each qualify as an Audit Committee financial expert, as that term is defined in applicable regulations of the SEC.
 
Item 11. 
EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
 
The following table sets forth the annual and long-term compensation with respect to the Principal Executive Officer (“PEO”) and Chief Financial Officer for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015.
 
 
 Summary Compensation Table              
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Options
 
 
All Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salary
 
 
Bonus
 
 
Awards
 
 
Compensation
 
 
TOTAL
 
Name                                          
 
Years
 
($)
 
 
($)
 
 
($)(1)
 
 
($)(2)
 
 
($)
 
Matthew E. Oakes
 
2016
 $295,000 
 $ 
 $ 
 $35,771 
 $330,771 
President, Chief Executive Officer, Chairman of the Board (PEO) (3)
 
2015
 $295,000 
 $102,500 
 $ 
 $33,875 
 $431,375 
 
 
    
    
    
    
    
Lowell M. Rush
 
2016
 $210,000 
 $10,000 
 $ 
 $ 
 $220,000 
Chief Financial Officer (4)
 
2015
 $202,500 
 $45,000 
 $44,100 
 $ 
 $291,600 
 
1. This represents the fair value of the award as of the grant date in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718. See assumptions used in determining the fair value in Note 6 to the financial statements.
2. All other compensation represents the value of corporate lodging for Mr. Oakes.
3. Mr. Oakes was appointed Chairman of the Board on June 3, 2014, Chief Executive Officer on May 25, 2011 and President on March 18, 2009. Mr. Oakes does not receive compensation for his service as a Director of the Company.
4. Mr. Rush was appointed Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer on December 19, 2013. As noted in our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 15, 2017, Lowell Rush, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, has announced his resignation effective March 31, 2017.
 
Employment Agreements
 
The Company had an employment agreement with Matthew E. Oakes, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors, for a term effective June 1, 2013 through December 31, 2016. On February 20, 2016, Mr. Oakes’ employment agreement was superseded by a new employment agreement extending the term through December 31, 2017. The agreement provides for a base salary of $24,583 per month, discretionary and annual incentive bonuses based on the Company’s performance in achieving prescribed revenue and earnings before interest and taxes (“EBIT”) targets. The agreement also provides for reimbursement of all out-of-pocket expenses reasonably incurred by him in the performance of his duties hereunder and certain severance benefits in the event of termination prior to the expiration date. If Mr. Oakes is terminated without cause or resigns from employment for “good reason” (as defined within Mr. Oakes’ employment agreement), he would receive one year of base salary and COBRA coverage at the Company’s expense. The Company shall continue to provide corporate lodging to Mr. Oakes through the term of his agreement.
 
 
20
 
 
Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End
 
The following table provides information concerning outstanding options, unvested stock and equity incentive plan awards for the named executives as of December 31, 2016:
 
 
 
Option Awards
 
Name
 
Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Options - Exercisable
 
 
Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Options - Unexercisable
 
 
Equity Incentive Plan Awards: Number of Underlying Unexercised Unearned Options
 
 
Option Exercise Price
 
 
Option Expiration Date
 
Matthew E. Oakes
  210,000 
  -- 
  -- 
 $1.15 
01/01/2017
Lowell Rush
  60,000 
  20,000(1)
  -- 
 $1.50 
12/19/2018
 
  30,000 
  60,000(2)
  -- 
 $0.90 
03/31/2020
 
(1)
These options vest over a four-year period: (i) 20,000 vesting on December 19, 2014, and (ii) 1,667 vesting each month over 36 months beginning on January 19, 2015.
(2)
These options vest over a three-year period: 30,000 vesting on each of March 31, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
 
Equity Compensation Plan Information
 
We maintain various stock plans under which options vest and shares are awarded at the discretion of our Board of Directors or its Compensation Committee. The purchase price of the shares under the plans and the shares subject to each option granted is not less than the fair market value on the date of the grant. The term of each option is generally five years and is determined at the time of the grant by our Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee. The participants in these plans are officers, directors, employees and consultants of the Company and its affiliates.
 
The Company has three plans under which stock options are currently outstanding: the 2003-A Stock Option/Stock Issuance Plan, the 2004 Stock Option/Stock Issuance Plan (both of which have expired and no future grants may be issued), and the 2014 Option/Stock Issuance Plan. On June 3, 2014, the stockholders approved the 2014 Option/Stock Issuance Plan for 1,200,000 shares. This plan expires in ten years. Both options and stock may be granted under this plan. The 2014 Plan continues the general purpose of the 2004 Plan.
 
Options granted under each plan may be incentive stock options qualified under Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code or non-qualified stock options. Under the terms of the plan, the exercise price of options granted under the plan will be the fair market value at the date of the grant. Prices for incentive stock options granted to employees who own 10% or more of our stock are at least 110% of the market value at the date of the grant. The nature and terms of the options to be granted are determined at the date of the grant by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors. Stock options granted under the plans may become exercisable in one or more installments in the manner and at the time or times specified by the committee. Options granted under the plans expire not later than five years from the date of grant.
 
21
 
 
The following table summarizes certain information concerning each of the plans.
 
Plan
 
Expiration
 
 
Original Number of Shares
 
 
Options Granted, Net of Forfeitures During 2016
 
 
Options Outstanding at December 31, 2016
 
 
Restricted Stock Granted and Unissued
 
 
Shares Available for Grant at December 31, 2016
 
2003-A Plan
April 1, 2013
  975,000 
   
  210,000 
   
   
2004 Plan
August 20, 2014
  1,200,000 
   
  169,999 
   
   
2014 Plan
  June 3, 2024
  1,200,000 
   
  90,000 
  503,933 
  606,067 
 
Directors’ Compensation
 
The following table provides the compensation earned by our non-employee Directors for the year ended December 31, 2016.
 
Name
 
Fees Earned or Paid in Cash
($)
 
 
Stock Awards
($)
 
 
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Earnings
($)
 
 
Total
($)
 
James A. Cannavino (1)
  -- 
 $26,824 
 $10,000 
 $36,824 
Paul Lisiak (2)
 $10,000 
 $26,824 
 $-- 
 $36,824 
Thomas C. Lund (3)
  -- 
 $26,824 
 $10,000 
 $36,824 
John J. Murabito (4)
  -- 
 $26,824 
 $10,000 
 $36,824 
 
Footnotes
(1)
Mr. Cannavino has been a Director since 2000 and a member of the Audit Committee since May 25, 2011. As of December 31, 2016, Mr. Cannavino had 226,189 shares of deferred and non-issued stock.
(2)
Mr. Lisiak has been a Director, member of the Audit Committee, and Chairman of the Governance and Nominating Committee since May 21, 2012. As of December 31, 2016, Mr. Lisiak had 168,491 shares of deferred and non-issued stock.
(3)
Mr. Lund was a Director and member of the Compensation Committee since May 25, 2011. As of December 31, 2016, Mr. Lund had 234,677 shares of deferred and non-issued stock.
(4)
Mr. Murabito has been a Director since May 25, 2011, and has been Chairman of the Audit Committee since May 21, 2012. As of December 31, 2016, Mr. Murabito had 283,605 shares of deferred and non-issued stock.
 
 
22
 
 
Narrative Disclosure to Director Compensation Table
 
Effective June 3, 2014, the compensation of the Directors, other than the Chairman of the Board, includes an annual fee of $10,000 payable in cash. In lieu of cash, a Director may elect to receive stock, distributed quarterly in arrears, with the number of shares distributed each quarter determined by dividing $2,500 by the average closing price in the last five trading days of each respective quarter. At the beginning of each calendar year, Directors additionally receive $25,000 in restricted stock vesting daily over two years, with the number of shares equal to $25,000 divided by the average closing price of the stock in the five prior trading days to year-end. The Chairman of the Board is not compensated.
 
In January 2008, the Company adopted a Deferred Compensation Plan for Directors whereby the Directors may elect to defer their compensation until January 15th of the year following such director’s termination of services as director. The Company also reimburses Directors for reasonable expenses incurred in attending Board and Committee meetings.
 
 
23
 
 
Item 12. 
SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS
 
The following table sets forth the beneficial ownership of shares of voting stock of the Company, as of March 1, 2017, (i) each person known by the Company to beneficially own more than 5% of the shares of outstanding common stock, based solely on filings with the SEC, (ii) each of the Company’s executive officers and directors and (iii) all of the Company’s executive officers and directors as a group. Except as otherwise indicated, all shares are beneficially owned, and the persons named as owners hold investment and voting power:
 
Name of Beneficial Owner (1)
 
 
 
Amount of Common Stock Beneficially Owned
 
 
Rights to Acquire Beneficial Ownership Through Exercise of Options and Warrants Within 60 Days
 
 
Total Beneficially Owned as % of Outstanding Shares
 
Metropolitan Equity Partners, LLC (2)
  1,782,703 
   
  14.4%
James Cannavino (3)
  2,654,479 
  8,021 
  19.6%
Thomas C. Lund (4)
  2,506,753 
  8,021 
  18.5%
Paul Lisiak (5)
  1,953,101 
  8,021 
  14.4%
Matthew E. Oakes
  404,993 
  210,000 
  4.5%
John J. Murabito (6)
  425,183 
  8,021 
  3.2%
Lowell M. Rush
  - 
  93,333 
  * 
All Officers and Directors as a Group (7 persons)
  7,944,509 
  335,418 
  60.9%
 
* = Less than 1%
 
Footnotes
(1)
Unless otherwise indicated, the address of all Beneficial Owners is c/o Paybox, Inc., 500 East Broward Boulevard, Suite 1550, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33394.
(2)
The address of Metropolitan Equity Partners, LLC is 70 East 55th Street, 15th Floor, New York, NY 10022. Amount includes 214,211 shares owned by Metropolitan MEIH19, LP.
(3)
Includes 267,767 shares of restricted stock that have fully vested but not been issued and 8,021 shares of restricted stock that are expected to vest within 60 days.
(4)
Includes 236,419 shares of restricted stock that have fully vested but not been issued, and 8,021 shares of restricted stock that are expected to vest within 60 days.
(5)
Includes 1,782,703 shares of common stock held by Metropolitan Equity Partners, LLC, 170,398 shares of restricted stock that have fully vested but not been issued and 8,021 shares of restricted stock that are expected to vest within 60 days. Mr. Lisiak serves as Managing Partner of Metropolitan Equity Partners, LLC, which is the Manager of Metropolitan GP Holdings, LLC, Series METVP II ("MetGP II") and Metropolitan GP Holdings, LLC, Series MEIH19 ("MetGP"). MetGP II is the general partner of Metropolitan Venture Partners II, L.P. ("MetVP II") and MetGP is the general partner of Metropolitan MEIH19, LP ("MEIH19"). In addition, Mr. Lisiak is one the members of the board of directors of the general partner of Metropolitan Venture Partners, L.P.
(6)
Includes 285,183 shares of restricted stock that have fully vested but not been issued and 8,021 shares of restricted stock that are expected to vest within 60 days.
 
 
24
 
 
The following table sets forth certain information as of December 31, 2016, for all compensation plans (a description of which can be found under Item 11 of this report), including individual compensation arrangements under which equity securities of the Company are authorized for issuance.
 
Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans
 
 
 
Number of Securities to be Issued Upon Exercise of Outstanding
 
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price Per Share of Outstanding
 
 
Number of Securities Available for Future Issuance Under Equity Compensation
 
 
 
Options 
 
 
Options 
 
 
Plans 
 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
  469,999 
 $1.16 
  606,067 
 
Item 13. 
CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE
 
Director Independence
 
The Board has affirmatively determined that each Director other than Mr. Oakes, is independent under the independence standards set forth in NASDAQ Listing Rule 5605(a)(2). The Board has standing Audit, Compensation, and Governance and Nominating Committees, each of whose members is also independent under the independence standards set forth in NASDAQ Listing Rule 5605(a)(2).
 
Item 14. 
PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES
 
The following is a summary of the aggregate fees for professional services rendered to us by Marcum LLP, our independent auditors, for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
 
2016 
 
 
2015 
 
Audit Fees (1) 
 $121,000 
 $132,000 
Tax Fees (2) 
 $12,000 
 $7,000 
All Other Fees (3) 
 $25,000 
 $23,000 
 
(1)
Audit Fees in 2016 and 2015 consisted of aggregate fees billed and to be billed for professional services rendered for the audit of our annual financial statements, review of the interim financial statements included in quarterly reports, and consents issued in connection with registration statements or services that are normally provided by the independent auditors in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements.
(2)
Tax Fees in 2016 and 2015 consisted of the aggregate fees billed for professional services rendered for tax compliance, tax advice, and tax planning, including fees related to the preparation of federal and state income tax returns.
(3)
Other Fees in 2016 and 2015 consisted of the aggregate fees billed for professional services rendered for the examination of controls and issuance of an SSAE 16 Type II report related to the Company’s global electronic invoice management system.
 
 
25
 
 
The Audit Committee has responsibility for the appointment, compensation and oversight of the work of the independent auditor. As part of this responsibility, the Audit Committee must pre-approve all permissible services to be performed by the independent auditor.
 
The Audit Committee has adopted an auditor pre-approval policy which sets forth the procedures and conditions pursuant to which pre-approval may be given for services performed by the independent auditor. Under the policy, the Audit Committee must give prior approval for any amount or type of service within four categories: audit, audit-related, tax services or, to the extent permitted by law, other services that the independent auditor provides. Prior to the annual engagement, the Audit Committee may grant general pre-approval for independent auditor services within these four categories at maximum pre-approved fee levels. During the year, circumstances may arise when it may become necessary to engage the independent auditor for additional services not contemplated in the original pre-approval and, in those instances, such service will require separate pre-approval by the Audit Committee if it is to be provided by the independent auditor. For any pre-approval, the Audit Committee will consider whether such services are consistent with the SEC’s rules on auditor independence, whether the auditor is best positioned to provide the most cost effective and efficient service and whether the service might enhance the Company’s ability to manage or control risk or improve audit quality. The Audit Committee may delegate to one or more of its members authority to approve a request for pre-approval provided the member reports any approval so given to the Audit Committee at its next scheduled meeting.
 
 
26
 
 
PART IV
 
Item 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES
 
(a)
 
1.
The financial statements listed in the index to the Financial Statements.
 
None.
 
2.
  Exhibits:
 
Exhibit Number  
 
Description
3.1
(a)
 
Certificate of Incorporation, as amended. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3(a) of Form S-1 Registration Statement). (1)
 
(b)
 
Certificate of Amendment (Change in Name) (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3(a) of Form S-1 Registration Statement). (1)
 
(c)
 
Certificate of Amendment (Change in Name) (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3(a) of Form S-1 Registration Statement). (1)
 
(d)
 
Certificate of Amendment (Authorizing Increase in Shares of Common Stock) (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3 (i) (d) to Form 10-K for the year ended 1995).
 
(e)
 
Certificate of Amendment (Authorizing one for ten reverse-stock split as of March 30, 1998) (Incorporated by reference to Form S-1 Registration Statement). (1)
 
(f)
 
Certificate of Designation, Preferences and Rights of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock filed October 3, 2002 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated October 17, 2002).
 
(g)
 
Certificate of Amendment of Certificate of Designation, Preferences and Rights of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock filed December 20, 2002 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 of Company's Current Report on Form 8-K filed January 7, 2003).
 
(h)
 
Certificate of Amendment of Certificate of Designation, Preferences and Rights of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock filed January 2, 2003 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K filed January 17, 2003).
 
(i)
 
Certificate of Designation, Preferences and Rights of Series B Redeemable Preferred Stock filed December 10, 2003 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3(i) to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-KSB filed April 14, 2004).
 
(j)
 
Certificate of Designation, Preferences and Rights of Series C redeemable Preferred Stock filed December 16, 2003 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3(j) to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-KSB filed April 14, 2004).
 
(k)
 
Certificate of Amendment of Certificate of Designation, Preferences and Rights of Series C Preferred Stock filed March 29, 2005.
 
3.2
 
By-Laws. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3(d) to the Company’s Form S-1 Registration Statement). (1)
 
4.1
 
Form of Common Stock Certificate. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4 to the Company’s Form S-1 Registration Statement). (1)
 
4.2
 
Securities Purchase Agreement between the Company, Sigma Opportunity Fund, LLC and Metropolitan Venture Partners II, LP (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 31, 2005).
 
 
27
 
 
Exhibit Number  
 
Description
10.1
 
 
2003 Stock Option /Stock Issuance Plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.8 to the Company’s Form 10-K filed on April 15, 2003).
10.2
 
 
2003A Stock Option /Stock Issuance Plan (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed May 6, 2003).
10.3
 
 
2004 Stock Option /Stock Issuance Plan (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed November 20, 2006).
10.4
 
 
2014 Stock Incentive Plan (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed May 5, 2014).
10.5
 
 
2008 Directors’ Deferred Compensation Plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Form 10-K filed on March 26, 2013).
10.6
 
 
Stock Purchase and Registration Rights Agreement between the Company and Metropolitan Venture Partners II, L.P. dated as of September 25, 2002 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 25, 2002).
10.7
 
 
Stock Purchase and Registration Rights Agreement between the Company and Metropolitan Venture Partners II, L.P. dated as of December 24, 2002 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated December 24, 2002).
10.8
 
 
Amendment letter dated January 29, 2004 to the Statement of Work between IBM Corporation and the Company, portions of the Exhibit have been omitted pursuant to a request for confidential treatment. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.28 to the Company’s S-1 registration statement filed on February 19, 2009).
10.9
 
 
Worldwide Invoices On-Line (IOL) Appendix A Payments and Fees for Ongoing Support (OCS)-Invoice Processing, Archiving, and Attachment Processing and Non-Recurring Engineering (NRE) between International Business Machines Corporation and the Company dated December 1, 2008; portions of the Exhibit have been omitted pursuant to a request for confidential treatment. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.29 to the Company’s S-1 registration statement filed on February 19, 2009).
10.1
 
 
Master Services Agreement #EDS-2004-01-2005 dated May 7, 2004 between Electronic Data Systems Corporation and the Company, portions of the Exhibit have been omitted pursuant to a request for confidential treatment. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.30 to the Company’s S-1 registration statement filed on February 19, 2009).
10.11
 
 
Statement of Work #EDS-2007-05-01 dated May 8, 2007 between Electronic Data Systems Corporation and the Company, portions of the Exhibit have been omitted pursuant to a request for confidential treatment. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.31 to the Company’s S-1 registration statement filed on February 19, 2009).
10.12
 
 
Master Services Agreement EIAP (OGS) Amendment (#8) dated June 27, 2007 between Electronic Data Systems Corporation and the Company, portions of the Exhibit have been omitted pursuant to a request for confidential treatment. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.32 to the Company’s S-1 registration statement filed on February 19, 2009).
 
 
28
 
 
Exhibit Number  
 
Description
10.13
 
 
Statement of Work #EDS-2008-05-07 dated May 7, 2008 between Electronic Data Systems Corporation and the Company, portions of the Exhibit have been omitted pursuant to a request for confidential treatment. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.33 to the Company’s S-1 filed registration statement filed on February 19, 2009).
10.14
 
 
Master Services Agreement MIAP (OGS) Amendment (#10) dated August 21, 2008 between Electronic Data Systems Corporation and the Company, portions of the Exhibit have been omitted pursuant to a request for confidential treatment. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.34 to the Company’s S-1 registration statement filed on February 19, 2009).
10.15
 
 
Agreement dated as of April 28, 2011 by and among Metropolitan Venture Partners II, L.P., Metropolitan Venture Partners (Advisors), L.P., Metropolitan Venture Partners Corp., Michael Levin, Tall Oaks Group LLC, Lawrence D. Hite, Thomas C. Lund, Carol A. Lund, Craig W. Thomas, Bradley M. Tirpak, John J. Murabito, Philip Summe and S.A.V.E. Partners III, LLC, James A. Cannavino and the Company, (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on April 29, 2011).
10.16
 
 
Employment Agreement effective January 1, 2015 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 24, 2015).
10.17
 
 
Office Lease Agreement between the Company and CTA Partners, L.P., dated October 24, 2012 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.17 to the Company’s Form 10-K filed on March 26, 2013).
10.18
 
 
Agreement, dated October 28, 2013, by and between the Company and International Business Machines Corporation (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 20, 2013).
31.1
 
 
Certification pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 – Chief Executive Officer.
31.2
 
 
Certification pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 – Chief Financial Officer.
32.1
 
 
Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 – Chief Executive Officer.
32.2
 
 
Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 – Chief Financial Officer.
 
 
29
 
 
Exhibit Number  
 
Description
101
 
 
Financial Statement from the Annual Report on Form 10-K of the Company for the year ended December 31, 2016, formatted in Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL): (i) Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2016 and 2015; (ii) Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015; (iii) Statements of Stockholders' Equity for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015; and (iv) Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015.*
 
Footnotes
 
(1)
Filed with Form S-1, Registration Statement of the Company Reg. No 3-47322 and incorporated herein by reference.
Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, the XBRL related information in Exhibit 101 to this Annual Report on Form 10-K shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, or otherwise subject to liability of that section and shall not be incorporated by reference into any filing or other document pursuant to the Securities Act, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing or document.
 
 
30
 
SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized on the 29 day of March, 2017.
 
 
 
PAYBOX CORP
 
 
 
 
 
 
By:  
 
 
 
 
Matthew E. Oakes, Chief Executive Officer
 
 
 
 
 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities indicated on March 29, 2017:
 
 
 
 
President, Chief Executive Officer and 
 
Matthew E. Oakes 
 
 
Chairman of the Board of Directors
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer
 
Lowell Rush
 
 
(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Director
 
James A. Cannavino
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Director
 
Paul Lisiak
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Director
 
Thomas C. Lund
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Director
 
John J. Murabito
 
 
 
 
 
 
31
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
F-2
 
 
Financial Statements
 
 
 
 Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2016 and 2015
F-3
 
 
 Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015
F-4
   

 Statement of Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015
F-5
   

 Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015
F-6
 
 
Notes to Financial Statements
F-7 through F-22
 
F-1
 
 
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED
PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
To the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors and Stockholders of Paybox Corp
 
 
We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Paybox Corp (formerly Direct Insite Corp.) (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 and the related statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the years then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Paybox Corp as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
 
/s/ Marcum LLP
Marcum LLP
Fort Lauderdale, FL
March 29, 2017
 
F-2
 
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share data)
DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015
 
 
 
2016 
 
 
2015 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents 
 $2,346 
 $2,375 
Accounts receivable 
  1,275 
  1,444 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 
  395 
  405 
Total current assets 
  4,016 
  4,224 
Property and equipment, net 
  876 
  934 
Deferred tax assets 
  280 
  1,195 
Other assets 
  225 
  247 
Total noncurrent assets 
  1,381 
  2,376 
Total assets 
 $5,397 
 $6,600 
 
    
    
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
    
    
Current liabilities:
    
    
Accounts payable and accrued expenses 
 $1,613 
 $1,468 
Current portion of capital lease obligations 
  -- 
  11 
Deferred rent 
  26 
  37 
 
    
    
Total current liabilities 
  1,639 
  1,516 
Total liabilities 
  1,639 
  1,516 
 
    
    
Commitments and contingencies
    
    
 
    
    
Stockholdersí equity:
    
    
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 2,000,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding
  --
 
  -- 
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized;13,138,007 and 12,979,536 shares issued and 13,098,080 and 12,939,609 shares outstanding in 2016 and 2015, respectively
  1 
  1 
Additional paid-in capital 
  116,623 
  116,478 
Accumulated deficit 
  (112,538)
  (111,067)
Common stock in treasury, at cost;24,371 shares in 2016 and 2015
  (328)
  (328)
Total stockholders' equity 
  3,758 
  5,084 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity 
 $5,397 
 $6,600 
 
See notes to financial statements.
 
F-3
 
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share data)
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015
 
 
 
2016 
 
 
2015 
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recurring 
 $5,303 
 $6,745 
Non-recurring 
  1,209 
  1,266 
Total revenues 
  6,512 
  8,011 
Operating costs and expenses: 
    
    
Operations, research and development 
  3,015 
  3,389 
Sales and marketing 
  1,468 
  1,417 
General and administrative 
  2,091 
  2,321 
Amortization and depreciation 
  230 
  289 
Total operating costs and expenses 
  6,804 
  7,416 
Operating income (loss) 
  (292)
  595 
Other expense
  (263)
  (4)
Income (loss) before provision for income taxes 
  (555)
  591 
Provision for income taxes 
  (916)
  (23)
Net income (loss) 
 $(1,471)
 $568 
 
    
    
Basic income (loss) per share 
 $(0.11)
 $0.04 
 
    
    
Diluted income (loss) per share 
 $(0.11)
 $0.04 
 
    
    
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding
  12,989 
  12,846 
 
    
    
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding
  12,989 
  12,865 
 
See notes to financial statements.
 
 
F-4
 
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
Paid-In
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
Treasury
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares 
 
 
Amount 
 
 
Capital 
 
 
Deficit 
 
 
Stock 
 
 
Total
 
Balance January 1, 2015 
  12,720 
 $1 
 $116,161 
 $(111,635)
 $(328)
 $4,199 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Issuance of common stock in settlement of accrued directors' fees
  112 
  --
 
  104 
  --
 
  --
 
  104 
Employee stock based compensation expense
  --
 
  --
 
  126 
  --
 
  --
 
  126 
Common stock issued or issuable for directors' fees  
  108 
  --
 
  87 
  --
 
  --
 
  87 
Net income 
  --
 
  --
 
  --
 
  568 
  --
 
  568 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Balance December 31, 2015 
  12,940 
  1 
  116,478 
  (111,067)
  (328)
  5,084 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Employee stock based compensation expense
  --
 
  --
 
  37 
  --
 
  --
 
  37 
Common stock issued or issuable for directors' fees
  158 
  --
 
  108 
  --
 
  --
 
  108 
Net loss 
  --
 
  --
 
  --
 
  (1,471)
  --
 
  (1,471)
Balance December 31, 2016 
  13,098 
 $1 
 $116,623 
 $(112,538)
 $(328)
 $3,758 
 
See notes to financial statements.
 
F-5
 
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015
(in thousands)
 
 
 
2016 
 
 
2015 
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) 
 $(1,471)
 $568 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
    
    
Amortization and depreciation 
  230 
  289 
Deferred taxes 
  916 
  - 
Stock-based compensation expense 
  145 
  213 
Deferred rent expense 
  (11)
  (7)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
    
    
Accounts receivable 
  169 
  963 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 
  32 
  (25)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses 
  144 
  (217)
Deferred revenue 
  - 
  (52)
Total adjustments 
  1,625 
  1,164 
Net cash provided by operating activities 
  154 
  1,732 
 
    
    
Cash flows from investing activities:
    
    
Purchases of property and equipment 
  (65)
  (9)
Capitalization of internally developed software 
  (107)
  (194)
Net cash used in investing activities 
  (172)
  (203)
 
    
    
Cash flows from financing activities:
    
    
Repayment of capital lease obligations 
  (11)
  (25)
Net cash used in financing activities 
  (11)
  (25)
 
    
    
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
  (29)
  1,504 
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning 
  2,375 
  871 
Cash and cash equivalents - ending 
 $2,346 
 $2,375 
 
    
    
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
    
    
Cash paid for interest 
 $3 
 $5 
Cash paid for income taxes 
 $- 
 $23 
 
    
    
Schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities:
    
    
Issuance of common stock in settlement of accrued directors' fees
 $- 
 $104 
 
See notes to financial statements.
 
F-6
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 1 – Nature of Business
 
Paybox Corp (“Paybox” or the “Company”) operates as a Software as a Service provider (“SaaS”), providing financial supply chain automation and workflow efficiencies within the Procure-to-Pay and Order-to-Cash processes. Specifically, Paybox’s global electronic invoice (“e-invoice”) management services automate complex manual business processes such as invoice validation, order matching, consolidation, dispute handling, and e-payment processing in a business-to-business transaction based “fee for services” business model.
 
On September 26, 2016, the Company changed its name from Direct Insite Corp. to Paybox Corp to align the corporate name and brand with the Company’s globally deployed Working Capital Management Platform, PAYBOX®.
 
The Company’s revenue comes from (i) recurring, on-going services that are billed monthly and (ii) non-recurring, professional services derived from the configuration of the Company’s software platform.
 
Throughout the year, the Company operated redundant data centers in Miami, Florida and Amsterdam, Netherlands.
 
As described in Note 9, the Company has four major customers (one of which had separate contracts with multiple companies) that accounted for 88.0% and 88.3% of the Company’s revenue for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Loss of any of these customers, or any of the separate contracts under a main customer, could have a material effect on the Company.
 
In November 2015, the Company was notified by HP Enterprise Services (“HPE”) that one of its clients, representing approximately 3.0% and 14.7% of our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, was terminating its contract with HPE effective February 23, 2016. Despite efforts to negotiate a direct contractual agreement with this client, the client ultimately decided to terminate its use of the Company’s services, and accordingly, the Company has not recorded revenue from this client after February 2016. The Company was further notified by HPE in August 2016 that another of its clients, representing 4.5% and 6.3% of our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, was terminating its contract with HPE effective August 15, 2016, and accordingly, the Company has not recorded revenue from this client after August 2016.
 
In February 2017, the Company was notified by International Business Machine Corporation (“IBM”) that IBM was terminating the larger of two agreements with the Company effective September 1, 2017. The agreement had been scheduled to expire on December 31, 2017, and IBM exercised its right under the agreement to terminate on 180 days advance notice. Approximately 35.1% and 31.3% of the Company’s revenue in 2016 and 2015, respectively, was attributable to this agreement. Although there can be no assurances, it is possible that the Company may continue to provide certain services in this agreement on a month-to-month basis following termination.
 
During 2016 and the early part of 2017, the Company has signed several contracts to provide its services to new customers. Management believes that our current cash balance along with cash generated from operations, will meet our liquidity needs for a minimum of the next twelve months from the filing of this annual report.
 
 
F-7
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  
Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Use of Estimates
 
In preparing financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period.
 
Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. The most significant estimates are used in the accounting related to stock based compensation, the valuation allowance on deferred tax assets and capitalized internally developed software. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
The Company records revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 605, Revenue Recognition (“ASC 605”), and SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 13, Revenue Recognition in Financial Statements. Revenue is recognized when it is both earned and realizable, that is, when the following criteria are met:
 
 persuasive evidence of arrangements exist;
 delivery has occurred or services have been rendered;
 the seller’s price is fixed and determinable; and
 collectability is reasonably assured.
 
The following are the specific revenue recognition policies for each major category of revenue.
 
Recurring (Ongoing Services)
 
The Company provides transactional data processing services through its SaaS software solutions to its customers. The customer is charged a monthly fixed rate on a per transaction basis or a fixed fee based on monthly transaction volumes. Revenue is recognized as the services are provided.
 
Non-Recurring (Professional Services)
 
The Company provides non-recurring engineering services to its customers, which may include initial or additional development, modification, and customization services to the Company’s software platform. Such services are billed based on: (i) hourly rates; or (ii) milestone billings. For hourly billed services, revenue is recognized when work is performed. For milestone billed services, revenue is recognized when the project milestone has been accepted by the customer. The Company does not sell software licenses, upgrades or enhancements, or post-contract customer services.
 
F-8
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)
 
Cost of Revenue
 
Cost of revenue in the statements of operations is included in operations, research and development costs and exclusive of amortization and depreciation which is shown separately. Professional Service costs related to uncompleted milestones are deferred and included in other current assets, when applicable. The Company expenses research and development costs as incurred except for costs in connection with the internally developed software, which are capitalized during the application development stage. For the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, research and development expenses were approximately $1,367,000 and $1,560,000, respectively.
 
Property and Equipment
 
Property and equipment are stated at cost and depreciated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the terms of the respective leases or the service lives of the related assets, whichever is shorter.
 
Capital lease assets are amortized over the shorter of the lease term or the service life of the related assets.
 
Internally Developed Software
 
The Company released the first phase of PAYBOX®, a next generation version of its accounts receivable platform in November 2014. It was designed for a global bank and is available to all Order-to-Cash process customers. According to ASC 350-40, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other-Internal-Use Software (“ASC 350-40”), the Company is able to capitalize the costs associated with the application development stage of a project. The Company started amortizing capitalized costs when the software was ready for use and placed in service in November 2014. The capitalized costs are being amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated five-year useful life of the software. As additional functionality is added, costs incurred are capitalized in accordance with ASC 350-40. Precontract software development costs are generally charged to operating costs and expensed as incurred, however, in accordance with professional standards the Company defers precontract costs when such costs are directly associated with specific anticipated contracts for which recovery is probable. Amortization of such costs is on a straight-line basis over the estimated term of the associated contracts when it is ready for use and placed in service. Although the Company renewed its contract with IBM in December 2016, the Company was notified in February 2017 of their intention to terminate one contract effective September 2017 (see Note 1). The Company has therefore written off all costs capitalized during 2016 ($372,000) during the fourth quarter of 2016. The costs are primarily included in operations, research and development in the accompanying statement of operations.
 
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
 
ASC 360, Property, Plant and Equipment (“ASC 360”) requires management judgment regarding the future operating and disposition plans for marginally performing assets, and estimates of expected realizable values for assets to be sold. The Company accounts for its long-lived assets in accordance with ASC 360 for purposes of determining and measuring impairment. It is the Company’s policy to review the value assigned to its long lived assets, to determine if they have been permanently impaired by adverse conditions whenever events or circumstances indicate the related carrying amount may not be recoverable. If required, an impairment charge would be recorded based on an estimate of future discounted cash flows. In order to test for recoverability, the Company would compare the sum of an undiscounted cash flow projection from the related long-lived assets to the net carrying amount of such assets.
 
F-9
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets (continued)
 
Considerable management judgment is necessary to estimate undiscounted future operating cash flows and fair values and, accordingly, actual results could vary significantly from such estimates. There were no impairment charges recognized during the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015.
 
Income Taxes
 
The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method. This method requires the determination of deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the differences between the financial statement and income tax basis of assets and liabilities, using enacted tax rates. Additionally, net deferred tax assets are adjusted by a valuation allowance if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the net deferred tax assets will not be realized. In addition, the Company expects to provide a valuation allowance on the remaining future tax benefits until it can sustain a level of profitability that demonstrates its ability to utilize the remaining assets, or other significant positive evidence arises that suggests its ability to utilize the remaining assets. The future realization of a portion of its reserved deferred tax assets related to tax benefits associated with the exercise of stock options, if and when realized, will not result in a tax benefit in the statement of operations, but rather will result in an increase in additional paid-in capital. The Company will continue to re-assess its reserves on deferred income tax assets in future periods on a quarterly basis.
 
Earnings Per Share
 
The Company displays earnings per share in accordance with ASC 260, Earnings Per Share (“ASC 260”). ASC 260 requires dual presentation of basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”). Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS includes the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company’s potentially dilutive securities were not included in the computation of diluted loss per share because their impact was anti-dilutive due to the net loss for the year.

 
F-10
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)              
                    Earnings Per Share (continued)
 
The computation of basic and diluted EPS for the year ended December 31, 2015 (in thousands, except per share amounts) is as follows:
 
 
 
Net Income
 
 
Shares
 
 
Per Share
 
 
 
Numerator
 
 
Denominator
 
 
Amount
 
Basic Earnings Per Share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Net income 
 $568 
  12,846 
 $0.04 
Effect of Dilutive Securities
    
    
    
  Options 
   
  2 
    
  Restricted stock 
   
  17 
    
Diluted Earnings Per Share 
 $568 
  12,865 
 $0.04 
 
Securities that could potentially dilute basic EPS in the future, that were not included in the computation of diluted EPS because to do so would have been anti-dilutive for the periods presented, consist of the following (in thousands):
 
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
Anti-Dilutive Potential Common Shares
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
Options   
  503 
  575 
Restricted stock 
  124 
  8 
 
    
    
Total Anti-Dilutive Potential Common Shares
  627 
  583 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
The Company considers all investments with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents.
 
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
 
The allowance for doubtful accounts reflects management’s best estimate of probable losses inherent in the accounts receivable balance. Management determines the allowance based on known troubled accounts, historical experience, and other currently available evidence.
 
Management performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers and adjusts credit limits based upon payment history and the customer's current credit worthiness, as determined by the review of their current credit information. Collections and payments from customers are continuously monitored. While such bad debt expenses have historically been within expectations and allowances established, the Company cannot guarantee that it will continue to experience the same credit loss rates that it has in the past. At December 31, 2016 and 2015, an allowance for doubtful accounts is not provided since, in the opinion of management, all accounts are deemed collectible. If the financial condition of customers were to deteriorate, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, allowances may be required.
 
 
F-11
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)
 
Stock-Based Compensation
 
The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). ASC 718 establishes accounting for stock-based awards exchanged for employee services. Under the provisions of ASC 718, stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the fair value of the award, and is recognized as expense over the employee’s requisite service period (generally the vesting period of the equity grant) using the straight-line method.
 
The fair value of the Company’s common stock options is estimated using the Black Scholes-Merton option-pricing model with the following assumptions: expected volatility, dividend rate, risk free interest rate; and the expected life. The Company calculates the expected volatility using the historical volatility over the most recent period equal to the expected term and evaluates the extent to which available information indicates that future volatility may differ from historical volatility. The expected dividend rate is zero as the Company does not expect to pay or declare any cash dividends on common stock. The risk-free rates for the expected terms of the stock options are based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of the grant.
 
The Company has not experienced significant exercise activity on stock options. The Company determines the expected term of its stock option awards issued using the simplified method. The simplified method assumes each vesting tranche of the award has a term equal to the midpoint between when the award vests and when the award expires.
 
In accordance with ASC 718, excess tax benefits realized from the exercise of stock-based awards are classified in cash flows from financing activities. The future realization of the reserved deferred tax assets related to these tax benefits associated with the exercise of stock options will result in a credit to additional paid-in capital if the related tax deduction reduces taxes payable. The Company has elected the “with and without approach” regarding ordering of windfall tax benefits to determine whether the windfall tax benefit did reduce taxes payable in the current year. Under this approach, the windfall tax benefit would be recognized in additional paid-in-capital only if an incremental tax benefit is realized after considering all other benefits presently available.
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
The carrying value of the Company’s accounts receivable and accounts payable approximates their fair value due to the short-term maturity of such instruments. The carrying value of capital lease obligations approximate their fair value because the terms of these instruments approximate prevailing market rates.
 
Concentration of Credit Risk
 
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and accounts receivable. The Company has cash deposits in excess of the maximum amounts insured by FDIC at December 31, 2016.
 
The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and, generally, requires no collateral from its customers. Concentrations of credit risk with respect to accounts receivable and revenue are disclosed in Note 9.
 
 
F-12
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)
 
Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
 
In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity's Ability to Continue as a Going Concern (“ASU 2014-15”). ASU 2014-15 is intended to define management's responsibility to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about an entity's ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures. Specifically, ASU 2014-15 provides a definition of the term substantial doubt and requires an assessment for a period of one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued). It also requires certain disclosures when substantial doubt is alleviated as a result of consideration of management's plans and requires an express statement and other disclosures when substantial doubt is not alleviated. The new standard will be effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. Management has not early adopted this standard. We do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on our financial statements.
 
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which changes how companies account for certain aspects of share-based payments to employees. The new guidance requires all income tax effects of awards to be recognized in the income statement when the awards vest or are settled, allows an employer to repurchase more of an employee's shares than previously allowed for tax withholding purposes without triggering liability accounting, allows a company to make a policy election to account for forfeitures as they occur, and eliminates the requirement that excess tax benefits be realized before companies can recognize them. The new guidance also requires excess tax benefits and tax shortfalls to be presented on the cash flow statement as an operating activity rather than as a financing activity, and clarifies that cash paid to a tax authority when shares are withheld to satisfy its statutory income tax withholding obligation are to be presented as a financing activity. The standard is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is still evaluating the overall effect the standard will have on the financial statements and related disclosures.
 
Several ASUs were issued that modified ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“Topic 606”). Topic 606 supersedes nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under GAAP. The core principle of Topic 606 is to recognize revenues when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that is expected to be received for those goods or services. Topic 606 defines a five-step process (ASC 606-10-05-4(a) through 4 (e)) to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, it is possible more judgment and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than are required under existing GAAP, including identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation, among others. Topic 606 also provides guidance on the recognition of costs related to obtaining customer contracts.
 
During 2016 we began discussions that addressed the potential impact Topic 606 would have on the financial statements. Assessment to the impact on the financial statements will include an evaluation of the five steps outlined in ASC 606-10-05-4 (a) through (e) of 2016 along with enhancement of disclosures that will be required under paragraphs 606-10-50-1 through 50-21. We are still evaluating the overall effect the standard will have on the financial statements and related disclosures.
 
Topic 606 is effective for Paybox on January 1, 2018 using either of two methods: (1) retrospective application of Topic 606 to each prior reporting period presented with the option to elect certain practical expedients as defined within Topic 606 or (2) retrospective application of Topic 606 with the cumulative effect of initially applying Topic 606 recognized at the date of initial application and providing certain additional disclosures as defined per Topic 606. Paybox has not yet selected a transition method.
 
 
F-13
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  
Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)
 
Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
 
Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective accounting standards, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Note 3 – Property and Equipment
 
Property and equipment consist of the following as of December 31, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
 
2016 
 
 
2015 
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Computer equipment and purchased software (3 years)
 $1,434 
 $1,378 
Internally developed software either placed or not yet placed in service (3 - 5 years)
  1,208 
  1,101 
Furniture and fixtures and leasehold improvements (5 – 7 years)
  168 
  159 
 
  2,810 
  2,638 
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
  (1,934)
  (1,704)
Property and equipment, net 
 $876 
 $934 
 
Depreciation and amortization expense related to property and equipment for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 was approximately $230,000 and $289,000, respectively.
 
Note 4 – Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses consist of the following as of December 31, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Trade accounts payable 
 $361 
 $262 
Sales taxes payable 
  539 
  539 
Accrued directors’ fees 
  407 
  377 
Other payables and accrued expenses 
  306 
  290 
Total Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses
 $1,613 
 $1,468 
 
Note 5 – Capital Lease Obligations
 
The Company had equipment under two capital lease obligations which expired at various times through June 2016. At December 31, 2015, the Company had outstanding future minimum payments of approximately $11,000 that were paid off in 2016. The implied annual interest rates related to these capital leases ranged from 7.4% to 8.9%. Amortization of assets under capital leases is included in depreciation expense.
 
 
F-14
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 6 – Stockholders’ Equity
 
Preferred Stock
 
The Company has 2,000,000 authorized preferred shares of which none were issued and outstanding at December 31, 2016 and 2015.
 
Common Stock, Options and Stock Grants
 
Year Ended December 31, 2016
 
During the year ended December 31, 2016, 161,812 restricted common shares were granted to Directors with an aggregate grant date fair value of approximately $100,000. During the year ended December 31, 2016, approximately 158,471 restricted common shares with an aggregate grant date fair value of approximately $108,000 vested.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2016, no options were awarded. During the year December 31, 2016, the Company recognized approximately $37,000 of expense related to the vesting of outstanding stock options. For the year ended December 31, 2016, options to acquire 20,000 shares of common stock with a weighted average exercise price of $1.20 expired unexercised, and options to acquire 110,000 shares of common stock with a weighted average exercise price of $1.60 were forfeited.
 
Year Ended December 31, 2015
 
During the year ended December 31, 2015, 135,136 restricted common shares were granted to Directors with an aggregate grant date fair value of approximately $100,000. During the year ended December 31, 2015, approximately 108,064 restricted common shares with an aggregate grant date fair value of approximately $87,000 vested.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company issued 111,602 shares of restricted common stock pursuant to the Company’s Directors’ Deferred Compensation Plan dated January 1, 2008. These shares were issued to settle approximately $104,000 of accrued directors’ fees to two former directors for past services.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2015, 90,000 options were awarded to an officer. These options vest over three years with one-third vesting at the end of each of the three years. These options expire after a five-year term. The Company estimated the grant date fair value of the stock options using the Black-Scholes-Merton option model and the following assumptions: volatility of 90%, risk free rate of 0.89%, dividend rate of zero, and expected term of 3.75 years. The grant date fair value of the stock options issued was determined to be approximately $44,100. During the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company recognized approximately $126,000 of expense related to the vesting of outstanding stock options. For the year ended December 31, 2015, options to acquire 20,980 shares of common stock with a weighted average exercise price of $1.16 expired unexercised, and options to acquire 18,020 shares of common stock with a weighted average exercise price of $1.34 were forfeited.
 
 
F-15
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 6 – Stockholders’ Equity (continued)
Common Stock, Options and Stock Grants (continued)
 
Stock Option Plans
 
The Company has granted options under multiple stock-based compensation plans that do not differ substantially in the characteristics of the awards.  Nonqualified and incentive stock options have been granted to directors, officers and employees of the Company under the Company’s stock option plans.  Options generally vest over three to four years and expire five years from the date of the grant. On June 3, 2014, the Company’s stockholders approved the adoption of the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2014 Plan”).  The 2014 Plan replaces the 2004 Stock Option/Stock Issuance Plan which expired on August 20, 2014.  The 2014 Plan provides for the grant of non-qualified stock options, incentive stock options, and stock appreciation rights, shares of restricted stock, stock units and shares of unrestricted stock.  Eligible participants include officers, employees and directors.  The aggregate number of shares authorized for issuance under the 2014 Plan is 1,200,000, and is subject to adjustment as described in the 2014 Plan.  There are 606,067 shares available for issue under the 2014 plan. Awards that expire or are cancelled without delivery of shares generally become available for issuance under the plans.
 
 
 
Shares
(in thousands)
 
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
 
 
Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Term
(in years)
 
 
Aggregate Intrinsic Value (in thousands)
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2016
  600 
 $1.24 
  2.10 
 $-- 
  Expired 
  (20)
 $1.20 
  -- 
 $-- 
  Forfeited 
  (110)
 $1.60 
  -- 
 $-- 
Outstanding at December 31, 2016
  470 
 $1.16 
  1.03 
 $-- 
Exercisable at December 31, 2016
  390 
 $1.16 
  0.39 
 $-- 
 
The following is a summary of stock option activity for the year ended December 31, 2016, relating to all of the Company’s common stock option plans (share amounts are in thousands):
 
 
F-16
 
 
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  
Note 6 – Stockholders’ Equity (continued)
 
Stock Option plans (continued)
 
The fair values of the stock options granted were estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model that uses the following weighted-average assumptions for the year ended December 31, 2015:
 
 
 
2015
 
Expected term 
  
3.75 years
 
Expected volatility 
  90%
Expected dividend yield 
  -- 
Risk-free interest rate 
  0.9%
 
The following table summarizes stock option information as of December 31, 2016:
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted Average
 
 
 
 
Number Outstanding
 
Remaining
 
Options Exercisable
Exercise Prices
 
(in thousands)
 
Contractual Life
 
(in thousands)
$0.90
 
90
 
3.25 years
 
30
$1.15
 
300
 
0.12 years
 
300
$1.50
 
80
 
1.97 years
 
60
Total
 
470
 
1.03 years
 
390
 
As of December 31, 2016, there was approximately $30,000 of unrecognized compensation costs related to stock options outstanding that will be recognized as expense over a weighted average period of 1.17 years.
 
Restricted Stock Grants
 
A summary of activity related to the Company’s non-vested stock grants for the year ended December 31, 2016 is presented below:
 
Non-Vested Shares
 
Shares
(in thousands)
 
 
Weighted-Average
Grant Date Fair Value
 
Non-Vested at January 1, 2016
  78 
 $0.74 
Granted 
  162 
 $0.62 
Vested 
  (159)
 $0.68 
Non-Vested at December 31, 2016
  81 
 $0.64 
 
The future expected expense for non-vested shares is approximately $75,000 and will be recognized on a straight-line basis over the period from January 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017.
 
 
F-17
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 7 – Income Taxes
 
The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740 which prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement process for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. ASC 740 also provides guidance on de-recognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim period, disclosure and transition. There were no unrecognized tax benefits as of December 31, 2016 and 2015.
 
The Company has identified its federal tax return and its state tax return in Florida as “major” tax jurisdictions, as defined in ASC 740, Income Taxes. Based on the Company’s evaluation, it has been concluded that there are no significant uncertain tax positions requiring recognition in the Company’s financial statements. The Company’s evaluation was performed for tax years ended 2013 through 2016, the only periods subject to examination. The Company believes that its income tax positions and deductions will be sustained upon audit and does not anticipate any adjustments that will result in a material change to its financial position. The Company has elected to classify interest and penalties incurred on income taxes, if any, as income tax expense. No interest or penalties on income taxes have been recorded during the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015. The Company does not expect its unrecognized tax benefit position to change during the next twelve months. Management is currently unaware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviations from its position.
 
The following table summarizes components of the provision for (benefit from) current and deferred income taxes for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Current
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Federal
 $0 
 $0 
   State and other
  1 
  25 
 
    
    
   Total Current
  1 
  25 
 
    
    
Deferred
    
    
   Federal
  827 
  (2)
   State and other
  88 
  (0)
 
    
    
   Total Deferred
  915 
  (2)
 
    
    
Provision for Income Taxes
 $916 
 $23 
 
 
 
F-18
 
PAYBOX CORP
(Formerly Direct Insite Corp.)
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 7 – Income Taxes (continued)
 
The following table summarizes the significant differences between the U.S. Federal statutory tax rate and the Company’s effective tax rate for financial statement purposes for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Federal Statutory Tax Rate
  34.0%
  34.0%
Permanent items
  (19.0)%
  2.0%
State taxes
  2.0%
  4.0%
Expiration of capital loss carryforward
  (93.0)%
  (0.0)%
Impact of change in state tax laws on net operating losses
  (165.0)%
  - 
Change in valuation allowance
  76.0%
  (36.0)%
 
    
    
Totals
  (165.0)%
  4.0%
 
The tax effects of temporary differences that give rise to deferred tax assets and liabilities as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 are summarized as follows:
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Deferred Tax Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Net operating loss carryforwards
 $8,622 
 $9,410 
   Tax credit carryforwards
  347 
  347 
   Fixed and intangible assets
  (182)
  (92)
   Charitable contributions
  1 
  - 
   Value of stock options and stock compensation
  501 
  453 
   Deferred rent
  10 
  14 
   Capital loss carryforward
  - 
  517 
   Accruals
  153 
  142 
 
  9,452 
  10,791 
Valuation Allowance