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EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - WYNN LAS VEGAS LLCex321.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - WYNN LAS VEGAS LLCex312.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - WYNN LAS VEGAS LLCex311.htm
EX-10.15 - EXHIBIT 10.15 - WYNN LAS VEGAS LLCex1015.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
ý
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period                    to                     
Commission File No. 333-100768
WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
NEVADA
 
88-0494875
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
3131 Las Vegas Boulevard South - Las Vegas, Nevada 89109
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(702) 770-7555
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
None
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
(Title of Class)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
¨
 
Accelerated filer
 
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
ý
 
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ¨    No  ý

The aggregate market value of the registrant’s voting and non-voting interests held by non-affiliates on June 30, 2016 was $0. Wynn Las Vegas Holdings, LLC owns all of the membership interests of the registrant.
The registrant meets the conditions set forth in General Instruction I(1)(a) and (b) of Form 10-K and is therefore filing this Form with the reduced disclosure format.




WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
FORM 10-K
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
 
 
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
 
 
Item 15.
 


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PART I

Item 1. Business

Overview

Wynn Las Vegas, LLC (together with its subsidiaries "we" or the "Company"), is a developer, owner and operator of destination casino resorts (integrated resorts). We currently own and operate Wynn Las Vegas, an integrated resort on the "Strip" in Las Vegas, Nevada. Wynn Las Vegas, LLC, a Nevada limited liability company, was formed on April 17, 2001. We are a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn Las Vegas Holdings, LLC ("WLVH"). WLVH is a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn America, LLC ("Wynn America"). Wynn America is a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn Resorts Holdings, LLC ("Holdings"). Holdings is a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn Resorts, Limited ("Wynn Resorts").

Wynn Las Vegas Capital Corp. ("Capital Corp.") is a wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn Las Vegas, LLC, incorporated on June 3, 2002, solely for the purpose of obtaining financing for Wynn Las Vegas. Capital Corp. is authorized to issue 2,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01. As of December 31, 2016, the Company owned the one share that was issued and outstanding. Capital Corp. has neither any significant net assets nor any operating activity. Its sole function is to serve as the co-issuer of the mortgage notes.

We file annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments of such reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Any document we file may be inspected, without charge, at the SEC's public reference room at 100 F Street, N.E. Washington, D.C. 20549 or at the SEC's internet site address at http://www.sec.gov. Information related to the operation of the SEC's public reference room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. In addition, through its own internet address at www.wynnresorts.com, Wynn Resorts provides a hyperlink to a third-party SEC filing website which posts our filings as soon as reasonably practicable, where they can be reviewed without charge. The information found on our website is not a part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K or any other report we file or furnish to the SEC.

Wynn Las Vegas

We opened Wynn Las Vegas on April 28, 2005 and opened Encore, an expansion of Wynn Las Vegas, on December 22, 2008. Wynn Las Vegas is located at the intersection of the Las Vegas Strip and Sands Avenue, and occupies approximately 215 acres of land fronting the Las Vegas Strip. In addition, we own approximately 18 acres across Sands Avenue, a portion of which is utilized for employee parking and an office building, and use approximately five acres adjacent to the golf course on which an office building is located.

Wynn Las Vegas features the following as of February 15, 2017:

Approximately 189,000 square feet of casino space, offering 24-hour gaming and a full range of games with 234 table games and 1,907 slot machines, private gaming salons, a sky casino, a poker room, and a race and sports book;
Two luxury hotel towers with a total of 4,748 guest rooms, suites and villas;
33 food and beverage outlets;
Approximately 99,000 square feet of high-end, brand-name retail space (of which, effective December 28, 2016, approximately 88,000 is owned and operated by a subsidiary of Wynn Resorts, as discussed below);
Approximately 290,000 square feet of meeting and convention space;
Three nightclubs and a beach club;
Recreation and leisure facilities, including an 18-hole golf course, swimming pools, private cabanas, two full service spas and salons, and a wedding chapel; and.
A specially designed theater presenting "Le Rêve-The Dream," a water-based theatrical production and a theater presenting entertainment productions and various headliner entertainment acts.

In December 2016, a subsidiary of Wynn Resorts formed a joint venture with Crown Acquisitions Inc. ("Crown") to own and operate approximately 88,000 square feet of existing retail space and entered into an agreement with Crown to form a joint venture to own and operate approximately 73,000 square feet of additional retail space that is currently under construction at Wynn Las Vegas. In connection with the transaction, we distributed $59.7 million in net assets associated with the existing Wynn Las Vegas retail stores to Wynn Resorts. We expect to transfer certain assets and liabilities associated with the additional retail space to Wynn Resorts prior to opening for business in the first quarter of 2018. As a result of the transaction, our

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financial results will no longer reflect the operations associated with the distributed retail net assets. The income before income taxes from the retail operations was $27.4 million during 2016.

Construction and Other Development

In response to our evaluation of our property and our commitment to creating a unique customer experience, we have made and expect to continue to make enhancements and refinements to this resort.

Our Strategy

We believe that Wynn Resorts, of which we are an indirect wholly owned subsidiary, is the world's preeminent designer, developer, and operator of integrated resorts. The Company's integrated-resort business model, pioneered by Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Stephen A. Wynn, integrates luxury hotel rooms, high-end retail, an array of dining and entertainment options, meeting spaces, and gaming, all supported by superior levels of customer service. Given his extensive design and operational experience, we believe that Mr. Wynn's involvement with our resort provides a distinct advantage over other gaming enterprises.
  
Our management team has a demonstrated track record in developing and operating successful integrated resort projects around the world. The senior executive team has an average of over 25 years of experience in the hotel and gaming industries. In addition, Wynn Resorts has a design, development and construction subsidiary, in which the senior management has significant experience across all major construction disciplines.
Our integrated resort attracts a wide range of customer segments (including premium international customers) and generates strong financial results. We continually refresh our integrated resort to create unique customer experiences across a wide range of gaming and non-gaming amenities. Our business is dependent upon repeat visitation from our guests. We believe superior customer experience and service is the best marketing strategy to attract and retain our customers. Human resources and staff training are essential to our strategy to ensure our employees are prepared to provide the luxury service that our guests expect.
We have been successful in attracting not only a wide range of domestic guests, but also extending our customer market areas into international markets. We leverage our international marketing team across branch offices located in five countries (Hong Kong SAR, Singapore, Japan, Taiwan and Canada) to attract international customers.
The Tower Suites at Wynn Las Vegas and the Tower Suites at Encore have received the Forbes Travel Guide Five-Star distinction for the eleventh year and eighth year, respectively.  In addition, our spas at Wynn Las Vegas and Encore, and our restaurant at Wynn Las Vegas, Wing Lei, have received Five-Star distinction and seven restaurants in our resorts have earned Four-Star distinction from Forbes Travel Guide.
Market and Competition

Las Vegas is the largest gaming market in the United States.  Although Las Vegas Strip gaming revenues remained relatively flat at $6.4 billion for the year ended December 31, 2016, the economic environment in the gaming and hotel markets in Las Vegas continued to improve with increased visitation and hotel room demand.  During 2016, the average daily room rate increased 4.5% and visitation increased 1.5% to 42.9 million visitors, compared to 2015. In addition, Las Vegas Strip resorts experienced 2016 year-over-year increases of 1.1% and 5.9% in occupancy and revenue per available room, respectively.

Wynn Las Vegas is located on the Las Vegas Strip and competes with other high-quality resorts and hotel casinos in Las Vegas. Wynn Las Vegas also competes, to some extent, with other casino resorts throughout the United States and elsewhere in the world.

Regulation and Licensing

Introduction. The gaming industry is highly regulated. The ownership and operation of casino gaming facilities in the State of Nevada are subject to the Nevada Gaming Control Act and the regulations made thereunder, as well as to various local ordinances. Our properties are subject to the licensing and regulatory control of the Nevada Gaming Commission, the Nevada Gaming Control Board and the Clark County Liquor and Gaming Licensing Board, which we refer to herein collectively as the "Nevada Gaming Authorities."


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Policy Concerns of Gaming Laws. The laws, regulations and supervisory procedures of the Nevada Gaming Authorities are based upon declarations of public policy. Such public policy concerns include, among other things:

preventing unsavory or unsuitable persons from being directly or indirectly involved with gaming at any time or in any capacity;
establishing and maintaining responsible accounting practices and procedures;
maintaining effective controls over the financial practices of licensees, including establishing minimum procedures for internal fiscal affairs and safeguarding assets and revenue, providing reliable recordkeeping and requiring the filing of periodic reports with the Nevada Gaming Authorities;
preventing cheating and fraudulent practices; and
providing a source of state and local revenue through taxation and licensing fees.

Changes in applicable laws, regulations and procedures could have significant negative effects on our Las Vegas gaming operations and our financial condition and results of operations.

Owner and Operator Licensing Requirements. Wynn Las Vegas, LLC has been approved by the Nevada Gaming Authorities as a limited liability company licensee, referred to as a company licensee, which includes approval to conduct casino gaming operations, including a race book and sports pool, pari-mutuel wagering and the operation of gaming salons. These gaming licenses are not transferable.

Company Registration Requirements. Wynn Resorts was found suitable by the Nevada Gaming Commission to own the equity interests of Holdings and to be registered by the Nevada Gaming Commission as a publicly traded corporation, referred to as a registered company, for the purposes of the Nevada Gaming Control Act. Holdings was found suitable by the Nevada Gaming Commission to own the equity interests of Wynn America and to be registered by the Nevada Gaming Commission as an intermediary company. Wynn America was found suitable by the Nevada Gaming Commission to own the equity interests of WLVH and to be registered by the Nevada Gaming Commission as an intermediary company. WLVH was found suitable by the Nevada Gaming Commission to own the equity interests of Wynn Las Vegas, LLC and to be registered by the Nevada Gaming Commission as an intermediary company. In addition to being licensed, Wynn Las Vegas, LLC, as an issuer of debt securities registered with the SEC, also qualified as a registered company. Capital Corp. was not required to be registered or licensed, but may be required to be found suitable as a lender or financing source.

Periodically, we are required to submit detailed financial and operating reports to the Nevada Gaming Commission and provide any other information that the Nevada Gaming Commission may require. Substantially all of our material loans, leases, sales of securities and similar financing transactions must be reported to, and/or approved by, the Nevada Gaming Commission.

Individual Licensing Requirements. No person may become a more than 5% stockholder or member of, or receive any percentage of the profits of, an intermediary company or company licensee without first obtaining licenses and approvals from the Nevada Gaming Authorities. The Nevada Gaming Authorities may investigate any individual who has a material relationship to or material involvement with us to determine whether the individual is suitable or should be licensed as a business associate of a gaming licensee. Certain of our officers, directors and key employees have been or may be required to file applications with the Nevada Gaming Authorities and are or may be required to be licensed or found suitable by the Nevada Gaming Authorities. All applications required as of the date of this report have been filed. However, the Nevada Gaming Authorities may require additional applications and may also deny an application for licensing for any reason which they deem appropriate. A finding of suitability is comparable to licensing, and both require submission of detailed personal and financial information followed by a thorough investigation. An applicant for licensing or an applicant for a finding of suitability must pay or must cause to be paid all the costs of the investigation. Changes in licensed positions must be reported to the Nevada Gaming Authorities and, in addition to their authority to deny an application for a finding of suitability or licensing, the Nevada Gaming Authorities have the jurisdiction to disapprove a change in a corporate position.

If the Nevada Gaming Authorities were to find an officer, director or key employee unsuitable for licensing or unsuitable to continue having a relationship with us, we would have to sever all relationships with that person. In addition, the Nevada Gaming Commission may require us to terminate the employment of any person who refuses to file appropriate applications. Determinations of suitability or questions pertaining to licensing are not subject to judicial review in Nevada.

Consequences of Violating Gaming Laws. If the Nevada Gaming Commission determines that we have violated the Nevada Gaming Control Act or any of its regulations, it could limit, condition, suspend or revoke our registrations and gaming license. In addition, we and the persons involved could be subject to substantial fines for each separate violation of the Nevada Gaming Control Act, or of the regulations of the Nevada Gaming Commission, at the discretion of the Nevada Gaming Commission. Further, the Nevada Gaming Commission could appoint a supervisor to operate Wynn Las Vegas and, under

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specified circumstances, earnings generated during the supervisor's appointment (except for the reasonable rental value of the premises) could be forfeited to the State of Nevada. Limitation, conditioning or suspension of any of our gaming licenses and the appointment of a supervisor could, and revocation of any gaming license would, have a significant negative effect on our gaming operations.

Requirements for Voting or Nonvoting Securities Holders. Regardless of the number of shares held, any beneficial owner of Wynn Resorts' voting or nonvoting securities may be required to file an application, be investigated and have that person's suitability as a beneficial owner of voting securities determined if the Nevada Gaming Commission has reason to believe that the ownership would be inconsistent with the declared policies of the State of Nevada. If the beneficial owner of the voting or nonvoting securities of Wynn Resorts who must be found suitable is a corporation, partnership, limited partnership, limited liability company or trust, it must submit detailed business and financial information, including a list of its beneficial owners. The applicant must pay all costs of the investigation incurred by the Nevada Gaming Authorities in conducting any investigation.

The Nevada Gaming Control Act requires any person who acquires more than 5% of the voting securities of a registered company to report the acquisition to the Nevada Gaming Commission. The Nevada Gaming Control Act requires beneficial owners of more than 10% of a registered company's voting securities to apply to the Nevada Gaming Commission for a finding of suitability within 30 days after the Chairman of the Nevada Gaming Control Board mails the written notice requiring such filing. However, an "institutional investor," as defined in the Nevada Gaming Control Act, which beneficially owns more than 10% but not more than 11% of a registered company's voting securities as a result of a stock repurchase by the registered company may not be required to file such an application. Further, an institutional investor which acquires more than 10%, but not more than 25%, of a registered company's voting securities may apply to the Nevada Gaming Commission for a waiver of a finding of suitability if the institutional investor holds the voting securities for investment purposes only. An institutional investor that has obtained a waiver may hold more than 25% but not more than 29% of a registered company's voting securities and maintain its waiver where the additional ownership results from a stock repurchase by the registered company. An institutional investor will not be deemed to hold voting securities for investment purposes unless the voting securities were acquired and are held in the ordinary course of business as an institutional investor and not for the purpose of causing, directly or indirectly, the election of a majority of the members of the Board of Directors of the registered company, a change in the corporate charter, bylaws, management, policies or operations of the registered company, or any of its gaming affiliates, or any other action which the Nevada Gaming Commission finds to be inconsistent with holding the registered company's voting securities for investment purposes only. Activities which are not deemed to be inconsistent with holding voting securities for investment purposes only include:

voting on all matters voted on by stockholders or interest holders;
making financial and other inquiries of management of the type normally made by securities analysts for informational purposes and not to cause a change in management, policies or operations; and,
other activities that the Nevada Gaming Commission may determine to be consistent with such investment intent.

The articles of incorporation of Wynn Resorts include provisions intended to assist its implementation of the above restrictions.

Wynn Resorts is required to maintain a current stock ledger in Nevada which may be examined by the Nevada Gaming Authorities at any time. If any securities are held in trust by an agent or by a nominee, the record holder may be required to disclose the identity of the beneficial owner to the Nevada Gaming Authorities. A failure to make the disclosure may be grounds for finding the record holder unsuitable. We are required to provide maximum assistance in determining the identity of the beneficial owner of any of Wynn Resorts' voting securities. The Nevada Gaming Commission has the power to require the stock certificates of any registered company to bear a legend indicating that the securities are subject to the Nevada Gaming Control Act. The certificates representing shares of Wynn Resorts' common stock note that the shares are subject to a right of redemption and other restrictions set forth in Wynn Resorts' articles of incorporation and bylaws and that the shares are, or may become, subject to restrictions imposed by applicable gaming laws.

Consequences of Being Found Unsuitable. Any person who fails or refuses to apply for a finding of suitability or a license within 30 days after being ordered to do so by the Nevada Gaming Commission or by the Chairman of the Nevada Gaming Control Board, or who refuses or fails to pay the investigative costs incurred by the Nevada Gaming Authorities in connection with the investigation of its application, may be found unsuitable. The same restrictions apply to a record owner if the record owner, after request, fails to identify the beneficial owner. Any person found unsuitable and who holds, directly or indirectly, any beneficial ownership of any voting security or debt security of a registered company beyond the period of time as may be prescribed by the Nevada Gaming Commission may be guilty of a criminal offense. We will be subject to

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disciplinary action if, after we receive notice that a person is unsuitable to hold an equity interest or to have any other relationship with us, we:

pay that person any dividend or interest upon any voting securities;
allow that person to exercise, directly or indirectly, any voting right held by that person relating to Wynn Resorts;
pay remuneration in any form to that person for services rendered or otherwise; or,
fail to pursue all lawful efforts to require the unsuitable person to relinquish such person's voting securities, including, if necessary, the immediate purchase of the voting securities for cash at fair market value.

Gaming Laws Relating to Debt Securities Ownership. The Nevada Gaming Commission may, in its discretion, require the owner of any debt or similar securities of a registered company, to file applications, be investigated and be found suitable to own the debt or other securities of the registered company if the Nevada Gaming Commission has reason to believe that such ownership would otherwise be inconsistent with the declared policies of the State of Nevada. If the Nevada Gaming Commission decides that a person is unsuitable to own the securities, then under the Nevada Gaming Control Act, the registered company can be sanctioned, including the loss of its approvals if, without the prior approval of the Nevada Gaming Commission, it:

pays to the unsuitable person any dividend, interest or any distribution whatsoever;
recognizes any voting right by the unsuitable person in connection with the securities;
pays the unsuitable person remuneration in any form; or,
makes any payment to the unsuitable person by way of principal, redemption, conversion, exchange, liquidation or similar transaction.

Approval of Public Offerings. We may not make a public offering without the prior approval of the Nevada Gaming Commission if the proceeds from the offering are intended to be used to construct, acquire or finance gaming facilities in Nevada, or to retire or extend obligations incurred for those purposes or for similar transactions. On March 21, 2013, the Nevada Gaming Commission granted us and Wynn Resorts prior approval, subject to certain conditions, to make public offerings for a period of three years (the "Shelf Approval"). The Shelf Approval granted by the Nevada Gaming Commission will expire on March 20, 2016. We do not intend to seek renewal of the approval; however, Wynn Resorts has renewed its Nevada Gaming Commission approval.

Approval of Changes in Control. A registered company must obtain the prior approval of the Nevada Gaming Commission with respect to a change in control through merger; consolidation; stock or asset acquisitions; management or consulting agreements; or any act or conduct by a person by which the person obtains control of the registered company.

Entities seeking to acquire control of a registered company must satisfy the Nevada Gaming Control Board and Nevada Gaming Commission with respect to a variety of stringent standards before assuming control of the registered company. The Nevada Gaming Commission may also require controlling stockholders, officers, directors and other persons having a material relationship or involvement with the entity proposing to acquire control to be investigated and licensed as part of the approval process relating to the transaction.

Approval of Defensive Tactics. The Nevada legislature has declared that some corporate acquisitions opposed by management, repurchases of voting securities and corporate defense tactics affecting Nevada corporate gaming licensees or affecting registered companies that are affiliated with the operations of Nevada gaming licensees may be harmful to stable and productive corporate gaming. The Nevada Gaming Commission has established a regulatory scheme to reduce the potential adverse effects of these business practices upon Nevada's gaming industry and to further Nevada's policy in order to:

assure the financial stability of corporate gaming licensees and their affiliated companies;
preserve the beneficial aspects of conducting business in the corporate form; and,
promote a neutral environment for the orderly governance of corporate affairs.

Approvals may be required from the Nevada Gaming Commission before a registered company can make exceptional repurchases of voting securities above its current market price and before a corporate acquisition opposed by management can be consummated. The Nevada Gaming Control Act also requires prior approval of a plan of recapitalization proposed by a registered company's Board of Directors in response to a tender offer made directly to its stockholders for the purpose of acquiring control.

Fees and Taxes. License fees and taxes, computed in various ways depending on the type of gaming or activity involved, are payable to the State of Nevada and to the counties and cities in which the licensed subsidiaries' respective operations are

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conducted. Depending upon the particular fee or tax involved, these fees and taxes are payable monthly, quarterly or annually and are based upon:

a percentage of the gross revenue received;
the number of gaming devices operated; or,
the number of table games operated.

A live entertainment tax also is imposed on admission charges where live entertainment is furnished.

Foreign Gaming Investigations. Any person who is licensed, required to be licensed, registered, required to be registered in Nevada, or is under common control with such persons (collectively, "licensees"), and who proposes to become involved in a gaming venture outside of Nevada, is required to deposit with the Nevada Gaming Control Board, and thereafter maintain, a revolving fund in the amount of $10,000 to pay the expenses of investigation of the Nevada Gaming Control Board of the licensee's or registrant's participation in such foreign gaming. The revolving fund is subject to increase or decrease at the discretion of the Nevada Gaming Commission. Licensees and registrants are required to comply with the foreign gaming reporting requirements imposed by the Nevada Gaming Control Act. A licensee or registrant is also subject to disciplinary action by the Nevada Gaming Commission if it:

knowingly violates any laws of the foreign jurisdiction pertaining to the foreign gaming operation;
fails to conduct the foreign gaming operation in accordance with the standards of honesty and integrity required of Nevada gaming operations;
engages in any activity or enters into any association that is unsuitable because it poses an unreasonable threat to the control of gaming in Nevada, reflects or tends to reflect, discredit or disrepute upon the State of Nevada or gaming in Nevada, or is contrary to the gaming policies of Nevada;
engages in activities or enters into associations that are harmful to the State of Nevada or its ability to collect gaming taxes and fees; or,
employs, contracts with or associates with a person in the foreign operation who has been denied a license or finding of suitability in Nevada on the ground of unsuitability.

Licenses for Conduct of Gaming and Sale of Alcoholic Beverages. The conduct of gaming activities and the service and sale of alcoholic beverages at Wynn Las Vegas are subject to licensing, control and regulation by the Clark County Liquor and Gaming Licensing Board, which has granted Wynn Las Vegas, LLC licenses for such purposes. In addition, the Clark County Liquor and Gaming Licensing Board has the authority to approve all persons owning or controlling the stock of any corporation controlling a gaming license. Clark County gaming and liquor licenses are not transferable. The County has full power to limit, condition, suspend or revoke any license. Any disciplinary action could, and revocation would, have a substantial negative impact upon our operations.

Other Regulations

In addition to gaming regulations, we are subject to extensive local, state and federal laws and regulations. These include, but are not limited to, laws and regulations relating to alcoholic beverages, environmental matters, employment and immigration, currency and other transactions, taxation, zoning and building codes, marketing and advertising, timeshare, lending, debt collection, privacy, telemarketing, money laundering, laws and regulations administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Control, and anti-bribery laws, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act ("FCPA"). Such laws and regulations could change or could be interpreted differently in the future, or new laws and regulations could be enacted. Any material changes, new laws or regulations, or material differences in interpretations by courts or governmental authorities could adversely affect our business and operating results.

Seasonality

We may experience fluctuations in revenues and cash flows from month to month; however, we do not believe that our business is materially impacted by seasonality.


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Employees

As of December 31, 2016, we had approximately 12,000 employees.

Our ten-year collective bargaining agreement with the Culinary and Bartenders Union, which covers approximately 5,600 employees, expired by its terms in July 2015. An extension was in place until February 2017 when we entered into a new collective bargaining agreement, which expires July 2021. In November 2010, we entered into a ten-year collective bargaining agreement with the Transportation Workers Union, which covers 430 of our table games dealers. Certain other unions may seek to organize our employees.

Intellectual Property

Among our most important marks are our trademarks and service marks that use the name "WYNN." Holdings has registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office ("PTO") a variety of WYNN-related trademarks and service marks in connection with a variety of goods and services.

We have also filed applications with various foreign patent and trademark registries, including registries in Macau, China, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, certain European countries and various other jurisdictions throughout the world, to register a variety of WYNN-related trademarks and service marks in connection with a variety of goods and services.

We recognize that our intellectual property assets, including the word and logo version of "WYNN," are among our most valuable assets. As a result, and in connection with expansion of our resort and gaming activities outside the United States, we have undertaken a program to register our trademarks and other intellectual property rights in relevant jurisdictions. We have retained counsel and intend to take all steps necessary to protect our intellectual property rights against unauthorized use throughout the world.

On August 6, 2004, Holdings entered into agreements with Mr. Wynn that confirm and clarify its rights to use the "Wynn" surname and Mr. Wynn's persona in connection with our casino resorts. Under a Surname Rights Agreement, Mr. Wynn has acknowledged Holdings' exclusive, fully paid-up, perpetual, worldwide right to use, and to own and register trademarks and service marks incorporating, the "Wynn" surname for casino resorts and related businesses, together with the right to sublicense the name and marks to our affiliates. Under a Rights of Publicity License, Mr. Wynn has granted Holdings the exclusive, royalty-free, worldwide right to use his full name, persona and related rights of publicity for casino resorts and related businesses, together with the ability to sublicense the persona and publicity rights to our affiliates, until October 24, 2017. Holdings has entered into sublicense agreements with us relating to our use of Mr. Wynn's name and persona, as well as other intellectual property.

For more information regarding the Company's intellectual property matters see Item 1A—"Risk Factors."

Forward-Looking Statements

We make forward-looking statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K based upon the beliefs and assumptions of our management and on information currently available to us. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, information about our business strategy, development activities, competition and possible or assumed future results of operations, throughout this report and are often preceded by, followed by or include the words "may," "will," "should," "would," "could," "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "estimate," "intend," "plan," "continue" or the negative of these terms or similar expressions.

Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those we express in these forward-looking statements, including the risks and uncertainties in Item 1A—"Risk Factors" and other factors we describe from time to time in our periodic filings with the SEC, such as:

our dependence on Stephen A. Wynn;
general global political and economic conditions;
tourism trends and impact on levels of travel, leisure and consumer spending, particularly from our international customers;
our dependence on Wynn Las Vegas for all of our cash flow;
competition in the casino/hotel and resort industries and actions taken by our competitors;
new development and construction activities of competitors;
our ability to maintain our customer relationships and collect and enforce gaming receivables;

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extensive regulation of our business and the cost of compliance or failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations;
our ability to maintain our gaming licenses and concessions;
any violations by us of the anti-money laundering laws or FCPA;
changes in gaming laws or regulations;
changes in federal or state tax laws and the administration of such laws;
pending or future legal proceedings;
potential violations of law by Mr. Kazuo Okada, a former shareholder of Wynn Resorts;
leverage and debt service;
continued compliance with all provisions in our debt agreements;
cybersecurity risk including misappropriation of customer information or other breaches of information security;
our ability to protect our intellectual property rights; and
our current and future insurance coverage levels.

Further information on potential factors that could affect our financial condition, results of operations and business are included in this report and our other filings with the SEC. You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which are based only on information available to us at the time this statement is made. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

You should carefully consider the risk factors set forth below, as well as the other information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, regarding matters which could have an adverse effect, including a material one, on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial may also have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
  
Risks Related to Our Indebtedness

We are highly leveraged and future cash flow may not be sufficient for us to meet our obligations, and we might have difficulty obtaining more financing.

We have a substantial amount of consolidated debt in relation to our equity. As of December 31, 2016, we had total outstanding debt of approximately $3.20 billion, and may incur more in the future. Our indebtedness could have important consequences. For example:

failure to meet our payment obligations or otherwise default under the agreements governing our indebtedness could result in acceleration of our indebtedness and bankruptcy;
servicing our indebtedness requires a substantial portion of our cash flow from the operations of Wynn Las Vegas and reduces the amount of available cash, if any, to fund working capital and other cash requirements or pay for other capital expenditures; and
we may not be able to obtain additional financing if needed, to satisfy working capital requirements, or pay for other capital expenditures, debt service or other obligations.

Under the terms of the instruments governing our indebtedness, subject to certain limitations, we are permitted to incur additional indebtedness. If we incur additional indebtedness, the risks described above will be exacerbated.
 
The Indentures governing our indebtedness contain covenants that restrict our ability to engage in certain transactions and may impair our ability to respond to changing business and economic conditions.

The indentures governing our indebtedness restrict our ability to engage in certain transactions and may limit our ability to respond to changing business and economic conditions. The restrictions include, among other things, limitations on our ability and the ability of our restricted subsidiaries to:

pay dividends or distributions or repurchase equity;
incur additional debt;
make investments;
create liens on assets to secure debt;
enter into transactions with affiliates;

10


issue stock of, or member's interests in, subsidiaries;
enter into sale-leaseback transactions;
engage in other businesses;
merge or consolidate with another company;
transfer and sell or otherwise dispose of assets;
issue disqualified stock;
create dividend and other payment restrictions affecting subsidiaries; and
designate restricted and unrestricted subsidiaries.

Future indebtedness could also contain covenants more restrictive than those under our existing indebtedness, including covenants requiring us to maintain minimum financial ratios.

A default under one of the instruments governing our indebtedness could result in acceleration of our indebtedness, which could result in an event of default under other debt. If our debt is accelerated, we may not have sufficient assets or cash flow to fully repay our borrowings and we may not be able to repay, refinance or restructure the payments on such debt. Such a default would have a significant adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Risks Related to Our Business

The loss of Stephen A. Wynn could significantly harm our business.

Our ability to maintain our competitive position is dependent to a large degree on the efforts, skills and reputation of Stephen A. Wynn, the Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and one of the principal stockholders of Wynn Resorts. Mr. Wynn's employment agreement expires in October 2022; however, we cannot assure you that Mr. Wynn will remain with Wynn Resorts. If we lose the services of Mr. Wynn, or if he is unable to devote sufficient attention to our operations for any other reason, our business may be significantly impaired.

Our business is particularly sensitive to reductions in discretionary consumer and corporate spending as a result of global economic conditions.

Consumer demand for casino/hotel resorts, trade shows and conventions and for the type of luxury amenities that we offer is particularly sensitive to changes in the global economy, which adversely impact discretionary spending on leisure activities. Changes in discretionary consumer spending or consumer preferences brought about by factors such as perceived or actual general global economic conditions, high unemployment, weakness in housing or oil markets, perceived or actual changes in disposable consumer income and wealth, an economic recession and changes in consumer confidence in the global economy, or fears of war and future acts of terrorism have in the past and could in the future reduce customer demand for the luxury amenities and leisure activities we offer, and may have a significant negative impact on our operating results.

Also, consumer demographics and preferences may evolve over time, which, for example, has resulted in growth in consumer demand for non-gaming offerings. Our success depends in part on our ability to anticipate the preferences of consumers and react to those trends and any failure to do so may negatively impact our operating results.

Our business is particularly sensitive to the willingness of our customers to travel. Acts or the threat of acts of terrorism, regional political events and developments in certain countries could cause severe disruptions in air travel that reduce the number of visitors to our facilities, resulting in a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

We are dependent on the willingness of our customers to travel. Only a small amount of our business is and will be generated by local residents. Most of our customers travel to reach our Las Vegas property. Acts of terrorism or concerns over the possibility of such acts may severely disrupt domestic and international travel, which would result in a decrease in customer visits to Las Vegas, including to Wynn Las Vegas. Disruptions in air or other forms of travel as a result of any terrorist act, outbreak of hostilities, escalation of war or worldwide infectious disease outbreak would have an adverse effect on our business and financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

We are entirely dependent on Wynn Las Vegas for all of our cash flow, which subjects us to greater risks than a gaming company with more operating properties.

We are entirely dependent upon Wynn Las Vegas for all of our cash flow and we do not expect to have material assets or operations other than Wynn Las Vegas. As a result, we are subject to a greater degree of risk than a gaming company with more

11


operating properties or greater geographic diversification. The risks to which we have a greater degree of exposure include the following:

changes in local economic and competitive conditions;
changes in local and state governmental laws and regulations, including gaming laws and regulations;
natural and other disasters, including the outbreak of infectious diseases;
an increase in the cost of maintaining our property;
a decline in the number of visitors to Las Vegas; and
a decrease in gaming and non-casino activities at Wynn Las Vegas.

Any of the factors outlined above could negatively affect our results of operations and our ability to generate sufficient cash flow make payments or maintain our covenants with respect to our debt.

Our casino, hotel, convention and other facilities face intense competition, which may increase in the future.

The casino/hotel industry is highly competitive and additional developments have recently opened or are currently underway. Resorts located on or near the Las Vegas Strip, such as Wynn Las Vegas, compete with other Las Vegas Strip hotels and with other hotel casinos in Las Vegas on the basis of overall atmosphere, range of amenities, level of service, price, location, entertainment, theme and size, among other factors.

Wynn Las Vegas also competes with other casino/hotel facilities in other cities. The proliferation of gaming activities in other areas could significantly harm our business as well. In particular, the legalization or expansion of casino gaming in or near metropolitan areas from which we attract customers could have a negative effect on our business. In addition, new or renovated casinos in Macau or elsewhere in Asia could draw Asian gaming customers away from Wynn Las Vegas. Increased competition could result in a loss of customers, which may negatively affect our cash flows and results of operations.

Our business relies on high-end international customers and may be affected by adverse political and economic conditions.

A significant portion of our revenue at Wynn Las Vegas is attributable to the play of a limited number of high-end international customers, primarily from Asia. As a result, our operations are subject to significant political, economic and social risks.  Any global economic disruption or contraction could impact the number of customers from this region who visit our property or the amount which they may be willing to spend. The loss or a reduction in the play of the most significant of these customers could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

We often extend credit to high-end international customers, and we may not be able to collect gaming receivables from our credit players or credit play may decrease.

We conduct our gaming activities on a credit as well as a cash basis. The casino credit we extend is generally unsecured and due on demand. We will extend casino credit to those customers whose level of play and financial resources, in the opinion of management, warrant such an extension. The collectability of receivables from international customers could be negatively affected by future business or economic trends or by significant events in the countries in which these customers reside.

While gaming debts evidenced by a credit instrument, including what is commonly referred to as a "marker," are enforceable under the current laws of Nevada, and judgments on gaming debts are enforceable in all states of the United States under the Full Faith and Credit Clause of the United States Constitution, other jurisdictions may determine that direct or indirect enforcement of gaming debts is against public policy. Although courts of some foreign nations will enforce gaming debts directly and the assets in the United States of foreign debtors may be used to satisfy a judgment, judgments on gaming debts from U.S. courts are not binding on the courts of many foreign nations. We cannot assure that we will be able to collect the full amount of gaming debts owed to us, even in jurisdictions that enforce them. Changes in economic conditions may make it more difficult to assess creditworthiness and more difficult to collect the full amount of any gaming debt owed to us. Our inability to collect gaming debts could have a significant negative impact on our operating results.


Win rates for our gaming operations depend on a variety of factors, some of which are beyond our control.

The gaming industry is characterized by an element of chance. In addition to the element of chance, win rates are also affected by other factors, including players' skill and experience, the mix of games played, the financial resources of players, the spread of table limits, the volume of bets played, the amount of time played and undiscovered acts of fraud or cheating. Our

12


gross gaming revenue is mainly derived from the difference between our casino winnings and the casino winnings of our gaming customers. Since there is an inherent element of chance in the gaming industry, we do not have full control over our winnings or the winnings of our gaming customers.

In addition, premium gaming is more volatile than other forms of gaming and variances in win-loss results attributable to high-end gaming may have a positive or negative impact on cash flow and earnings in a particular quarter.

We are subject to extensive state and local regulation, and licensing and gaming authorities have significant control over our operations. The cost of compliance or failure to comply with such regulations and authorities could have a negative effect on our business.

The operations of Wynn Las Vegas are contingent upon our obtaining and maintaining all necessary licenses, permits, approvals, registrations, findings of suitability, orders and authorizations. The laws, regulations and ordinances requiring these licenses, permits and other approvals generally relate to the responsibility, financial stability and character of the owners and managers of gaming operations, as well as persons financially interested or involved in gaming operations. The Nevada Gaming Commission may require the holder of any debt or securities that we or Wynn Resorts issue to file applications, be investigated and be found suitable to own our or Wynn Resorts' securities if it has reason to believe that the security ownership would be inconsistent with the declared policies of the State of Nevada.

Nevada regulatory authorities have broad powers to request detailed financial and other information, to limit, condition, suspend or revoke a registration, gaming license or related approvals; approve changes in our operations; and levy fines or require forfeiture of assets for violations of gaming laws or regulations may be levied. Complying with gaming laws, regulations and license requirements is costly. Any change in the laws, regulations or licenses applicable to our business or a violation of any current or future laws or regulations applicable to our business or gaming licenses could require us to make substantial expenditures or forfeit assets, and would negatively affect our gaming operations.

Any violation of applicable Anti-Money Laundering laws or regulations or the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act could adversely affect our business, performance, prospects, value, financial condition, and results of operations.

We deal with significant amounts of cash in our operations and are subject to various reporting and anti-money laundering laws and regulations. Recently, U.S. governmental authorities have increased their focus on the gaming industry and compliance with anti-money laundering laws and regulations. From time to time, the Company receives governmental and regulatory inquiries about compliance with such laws and regulations.  The Company cooperates with all such inquiries. Any violation of anti-money laundering laws or regulations could adversely affect our business, performance, prospects, value, financial condition, and results of operations.

Further, Wynn Resorts has operations, and a significant portion of its revenue is derived from customers, outside of the United States. Wynn Resorts and the Company are therefore subject to regulations imposed by the FCPA and other anti-corruption laws that generally prohibit U.S. companies and their intermediaries from offering, promising, authorizing or making improper payments to foreign government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Violations of the FCPA and other anti-corruption laws may result in severe criminal and civil sanctions as well as other penalties and the SEC and U.S. Department of Justice have increased their enforcement activities with respect such laws and regulations.

Internal control policies and procedures and employee training and compliance programs that we have implemented to deter prohibited practices may not be effective in prohibiting our directors, employees, contractors or agents from violating or circumventing our policies and the law. If we or our directors, employees or agents fail to comply with applicable laws or Company policies governing our operations, the Company may face investigations, prosecutions and other legal proceedings and actions, which could result in civil penalties, administrative remedies and criminal sanctions. Any such government investigations, prosecutions or other legal proceedings or actions could adversely affect our business, performance, prospects, value, financial condition, and results of operations.

Mr. Okada failed to comply with internal training in these matters and failed to return to Wynn Resorts an executed Acknowledgment agreeing to comply with the Wynn Resorts Code of Business Conduct and Ethics. On February 19, 2012, Wynn Resorts filed a complaint in Nevada state court against Mr. Okada and other entities alleging, among other things, breach of fiduciary duty in connection with alleged violations of the FCPA. For information on such complaint, the Freeh Report, which detailed numerous instances of conduct constituting prima facie violations of FCPA by Mr. Okada and certain of his affiliates, and the redemption of Aruze USA, Inc. ("Aruze") shares, see Item 8-"Financial Statements and Supplementary Data," Note 8 "Commitments and Contingencies."


13


We are subject to a variety of federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment and human health and safety, which could materially affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

We are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment and human health and safety, including those relating to air emissions, water discharges and remediation of contamination. Such laws and regulations require us to obtain, maintain and renew environmental operating or construction permits or approvals, as applicable. Certain environmental laws can impose cleanup responsibility and liability without regard to whether the owner or operator knew of or caused the presence of the contaminants. The liability under those laws has been interpreted to be joint and several unless the harm is divisible and there is a reasonable basis for allocation of the responsibility. The costs of investigation, remediation or removal of those substances may be substantial, and the presence of those substances, or the failure to remediate a property properly, may impair our ability to use our property.

Failure to comply with laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment and human health and safety, or any liabilities or claims arising under such laws or regulations, could require us to incur potentially significant costs or sanctions, including fines, penalties or cessation of operations, or otherwise adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Compliance with changing laws and regulations may result in additional expenses and compliance risks.

Changing laws and regulations are creating uncertainty for gaming companies. These changing laws and regulations are subject to varying interpretations in many cases due to their lack of specificity, recent issuance and/or lack of guidance. As a result, their application in practice may evolve over time as new guidance is provided by regulatory and governing bodies. In addition, further regulation of casinos, financial institutions and public companies is possible. This could result in continuing uncertainty and higher costs regarding compliance matters. Due to our commitment to maintain high standards of compliance with laws and public disclosure, our efforts to comply with evolving laws, regulations and standards have resulted in and are likely to continue to result in increased general and administrative expense. In addition, we are subject to different parties' interpretation of our compliance with these new and changing laws and regulations.

We are subject to taxation by various governments and agencies. The rate of taxation could change.

We are subject to taxation in the United States at the federal, state and local level. Specific rates of taxation can be changed by legislative action. Increases in taxation could adversely affect our results of operations.

Potential violations of law by Mr. Okada (former director and formerly the largest beneficial owner of Wynn Resorts' shares) and his affiliates could have adverse consequences to Wynn Resorts.

On February 18, 2012, the Board of Directors of Wynn Resorts (the “Board of Directors”) received a report from Freeh, Sporkin & Sullivan, LLP (the "Freeh Report") detailing numerous instances of conduct constituting prima facie violations of the FCPA by Kazuo Okada (formerly the largest beneficial owner of Wynn Resorts’ shares) and certain of his affiliates. See Item 8-"Financial Statements and Supplementary Data," Note 8 "Commitments and Contingencies." Wynn Resorts has provided the Freeh Report to applicable regulators and has been cooperating with related investigations of such regulators. The conduct of Mr. Okada and his affiliates and the outcome of any resulting regulatory findings could have adverse consequences to Wynn Resorts. A finding by regulatory authorities that Mr. Okada violated the FCPA on Company property and/or otherwise involved Wynn Resorts in criminal or civil violations could result in actions by regulatory authorities against Wynn Resorts. Relatedly, regulators have and may pursue separate investigations into Wynn Resorts' compliance with applicable laws in connection with the Okada matter, as discussed in Item 8-"Financial Statements and Supplementary Data," Note 8 "Commitments and Contingencies." While Wynn Resorts believes that it is in full compliance with all applicable laws, any such investigations could result in actions by regulators against Wynn Resorts, which could negatively affect not only Wynn Resorts' financial condition or results of operations, but those of Wynn Las Vegas as well.


14


Ongoing litigation and other disputes with Mr. Okada and certain of his affiliates, as well as claims by Ms. Wynn, could distract management and result in negative publicity and additional scrutiny from regulators.

There has been widespread publicity of the findings in the Freeh Report of prima facie violations of law by Mr. Okada and his affiliates, the Wynn Resorts Board of Directors' unsuitability finding, the redemption of shares and related litigation. In addition, Elaine P. Wynn has asserted various claims against Mr. Wynn, the Company and various Company officers, which have and may continue to draw adverse publicity or impugn the Company’s reputation. Ongoing litigation and other disputes can be expensive to defend and may divert management’s attention from the operations of our businesses. The disputes may also lead to additional scrutiny from regulators, which could lead to investigations relating to, and possibly a negative impact on, Wynn Resorts and its affiliates’ gaming licenses, including the gaming licenses held by Wynn Las Vegas, LLC. This could also potentially have a negative impact on Wynn Resorts' ability to bid successfully for new gaming market opportunities.

Our information technology and other systems are subject to cyber security risk including misappropriation of customer information or other breaches of information security.

We rely on information technology and other systems (including those maintained by third parties with whom we contract to provide data services) to maintain and transmit large volumes of customer financial information, credit card settlements, credit card funds transmissions, mailing lists and reservations information and other personally identifiable information. We also maintain important internal company data such as personally identifiable information about our employees and information relating to our operations. The systems and processes we have implemented to protect customers, employees and company information are subject to the ever-changing risk of compromised security. These risks include cyber and physical security breaches, system failure, computer viruses, and negligent or intentional misuse by customers, company employees, or employees of third-party vendors. The steps we take to deter and mitigate these risks may not be successful and our insurance coverage for protecting against cybersecurity risks may not be sufficient. Our third-party information system service providers face risks relating to cybersecurity similar to ours, and we do not directly control any of such parties' information security operations. A significant theft, loss or fraudulent use of customer or company data maintained by us or by a third-party service provider could have an adverse effect on our reputation, cause a material disruption to our operations and management team, and result in remediation expenses, regulatory penalties and litigation by customers and other parties whose information was subject to such attacks, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and cash flows.

Our collection and use of personal data are governed by privacy laws and regulations and privacy law is an area that changes often and varies significantly by jurisdiction. Compliance with applicable privacy regulations may increase our operating costs and/or adversely impact our ability to market our products, properties and services to our guests. In addition, non-compliance with applicable privacy regulations by us (or in some circumstances non-compliance by third parties engaged by us) or a breach of security on systems storing our data may result in damage of reputation and/or subject us to fines, payment of damages, lawsuits or restrictions on our use or transfer of data.

If a third party successfully challenges Holdings' ownership of, or right to use, the Wynn-related intellectual property rights, our business or results of operations could be harmed.

Our intellectual property assets, including the word and the logo version of "Wynn," are among our most valuable assets. We have sublicensed certain Wynn-related trademarks and service marks from Holdings. Holdings has filed applications with the United States Patent and Trademark Office ("PTO"), to register a variety of WYNN-related trademarks and service marks in connection with a variety of goods and services. These marks include "WYNN LAS VEGAS" and "ENCORE." Some of the applications are based upon ongoing use and others are based upon a bona fide intent to use the marks.

A common element of most of these marks is the use of the surname, "WYNN." As a general rule, a surname (or the portion of a mark primarily constituting a surname) is not eligible for registration unless the surname has acquired "secondary meaning." To date, Holdings has been successful in demonstrating to the PTO such secondary meaning for the Wynn name, in certain of the applications, based upon factors including Mr. Wynn's prominence as a resort developer, but we cannot assure you that we will be successful with the other pending applications.

Even if Holdings is able to obtain registration of the WYNN-related marks, such federal registrations are not completely dispositive of the right to such marks. Third parties who claim prior rights with respect to similar marks may nonetheless challenge our right to obtain registrations or our use of the marks and seek to overcome the presumptions afforded by such registrations.

Furthermore, due to the increased use of technology in computerized gaming machines and in business operations generally, other forms of intellectual property rights (such as patents and copyrights) are becoming of increased relevance. It is

15


possible that, in the future, third parties might assert superior intellectual property rights or allege that their intellectual property rights cover some aspect of our operations. The defense of such allegations may result in substantial expenses, and, if such claims are successfully prosecuted, may have a material impact on our business. Efforts we take to acquire and protect our intellectual property rights against unauthorized use throughout the world, which may include retaining counsel and commencing litigation in various jurisdictions, may be costly and may not be successful in protecting and preserving the status and value of our intellectual property assets.

Our insurance coverage may not be adequate to cover all possible losses that we could suffer, including losses resulting from terrorism, and our insurance costs may increase.

We have comprehensive property and liability insurance policies for our properties with coverage features and insured limits that we believe are customary in their breadth and scope. However, in the event of a substantial loss, the insurance coverage we carry may not be sufficient to pay the full market value or replacement cost of our lost investment or could result in certain losses being totally uninsured. As a result, we could lose some or all of the capital we have invested in a property, as well as the anticipated future revenue from the property, and we could remain obligated for debt or other financial obligations related to the property.

Market forces beyond our control may limit the scope of the insurance coverage we can obtain in the future or our ability to obtain coverage at reasonable rates. Certain catastrophic losses may be uninsurable or too expensive to justify obtaining insurance. As a result, if we suffer such a catastrophic loss, we may not be successful in obtaining future insurance without increases in cost or decreases in coverage levels. Furthermore, our debt instruments and other material agreements require us to maintain a certain minimum level of insurance. Failure to satisfy these requirements could result in an event of default under these debt instruments or material agreements, which would negatively affect our business and financial condition.

Wynn Resorts' officers, directors and substantial stockholders are able to exert significant influence over our operations and future direction.

Our ultimate parent company is Wynn Resorts. As of December 31, 2016, Mr. Wynn and Elaine P. Wynn beneficially owned 12,000,000 shares and 9,611,927 shares, respectively, or in the aggregate approximately 21.2%, of Wynn Resorts' outstanding common stock. As a result, Mr. Wynn and Elaine P. Wynn, to the extent they vote their shares in a similar manner, may be able to exert significant influence over all matters requiring our stockholders' approval, including the approval of significant corporate transactions. Until February 2012, Aruze owned 24,549,222 shares of Wynn Resorts' outstanding common stock. On February 18, 2012, Wynn Resorts redeemed all of the shares of Wynn Resorts' common stock held by Aruze. For additional information on the redemption, see Item 8-"Financial Statements and Supplementary Data," Note 8 "Commitments and Contingencies."

Under an Amended and Restated Stockholders Agreement, dated as of January 6, 2010, by and among Stephen A. Wynn, Elaine P. Wynn and Aruze (the "Stockholders Agreement"), Mr. Wynn and Elaine P. Wynn have agreed to vote the shares of Wynn Resorts' common stock held by them that are subject to the terms of the Stockholders Agreement in a manner so as to elect to Wynn Resorts' Board of Directors each of the nominees contained on each and every slate of directors endorsed by Mr. Wynn. As a result of this voting arrangement, Mr. Wynn, as a practical matter, exercises significant influence over the slate of directors to be elected to Wynn Resorts' Board of Directors. In addition, with stated exceptions, the Stockholders Agreement requires the written consent of the other party prior to any party selling any shares of the Wynn Resorts' common stock that it owns.

In June 2012, in connection with the pending litigation between the Company and Aruze, Elaine P. Wynn submitted a cross claim against Mr. Wynn and Mr. Okada seeking to void the Stockholders Agreement, which, if successful, could result in, a change in control under the Wynn Las Vegas, LLC debt documents. For additional information on the cross claim, see Item 8-"Financial Statements and Supplementary Data," Note 5 "Long-Term Debt" and Note 8 "Commitments and Contingencies."

In November 2006, the Board of Directors of Wynn Resorts approved an amendment of its bylaws that exempts future acquisitions of shares of Wynn Resorts' common stock by either Mr. Wynn or Aruze from Nevada's acquisition of controlling interest statutes. In light of the determination by the Wynn Resorts Board of Directors on February 18, 2012 that each of Aruze USA Inc., Universal Entertainment Corporation, and Mr. Kazuo Okada (collectively, the "Okada Parties") is an "Unsuitable Person" under Wynn Resorts’ articles of incorporation and the redemption and cancellation of Aruze's shares of Wynn Resorts’ common stock, Wynn Resorts’ Fifth Amended and Restated Bylaws amended these provisions to delete the reference to Aruze and its affiliates. The Nevada acquisition of controlling interest statutes require stockholder approval in order to exercise voting rights in connection with any acquisition of a controlling interest in certain Nevada corporations unless the articles of

16


incorporation or bylaws of the corporation in effect on the 10th day following the acquisition of a controlling interest by certain acquiring persons provide that these statutes do not apply to the corporation or to the acquisition specifically by types of existing or future stockholders. These statutes define a "controlling interest" as (i) one-fifth or more but less than one-third, (ii) one-third or more but less than a majority, or (iii) a majority or more, of the voting power in the election of directors. As a result of these bylaw provisions, Mr. Wynn or his affiliates may acquire ownership of outstanding voting shares of Wynn Resorts permitting him or them to exercise more than one-third but less than a majority, or a majority or more, of all of the voting power of Wynn Resorts in the election of directors, without requiring a resolution of the stockholders of Wynn Resorts granting voting rights in the control shares acquired.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2. Properties

Las Vegas Land

Wynn Las Vegas, located at the intersection of the Las Vegas Strip and Sands Avenue, occupies approximately 215 acres of land (of which approximately 140 acres comprise the Wynn Las Vegas golf course) fronting the Las Vegas Strip and utilizes approximately 18 additional acres across Sands Avenue, a portion of which is improved with an employee parking garage and approximately five acres adjacent to the golf course on which an office building is located. We lease the 140 acres on which the Wynn Las Vegas golf course is located from Wynn Resorts.

Las Vegas Water Rights

We lease from Wynn Resorts approximately 834 acre-feet of permitted and certificated water rights, which we currently use to irrigate the golf course. We also lease from Wynn Resorts approximately 151.5 acre-feet of permitted and certificated water rights for commercial use.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

We are occasionally party to lawsuits. As with all litigation, no assurance can be provided as to the outcome of such matters and we note that litigation inherently involves significant costs. For more information regarding the Company's legal matters see Item 8—"Financial Statements and Supplementary Data," Note 8 "Commitments and Contingencies."

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not Applicable.


17


PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market Information

There is no established trading market for our membership interests. We do not intend to list the membership interests on any national securities exchange or seek the admission thereof to trading in the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation System. We do not intend to make a market in the membership interests, nor are we obligated to do so.

Holders

WLVH owns all of the membership interests in the Company as of the date of this filing.

Distributions

On December 21, 2016, the Company distributed $59.7 million in net assets associated with its retail operations at Wynn Las Vegas to Wynn Resorts.

During the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company distributed cash of $170.0 million to Wynn Resorts.

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company distributed cash of $74.9 million and its equity interest of $3.6 million in Las Vegas Jet, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary, to Wynn Resorts.

Restrictions imposed by our debt instruments significantly restrict us, subject to certain exceptions for payment of allocable corporate overhead, from declaring or paying dividends or distributions. Specifically, we are restricted under the indentures governing the first mortgage notes from making certain "restricted payments" as defined therein. These restricted payments include the payment of dividends or distributions to any direct or indirect holders of our membership interests. These restricted payments may not be made unless certain financial and non-financial criteria have been satisfied.

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The following financial information for each of the five years ended December 31, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013 and 2012 has been derived from our consolidated financial statements. This selected consolidated financial data should be read together with Item 7—"Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," our consolidated financial statements and related notes and other information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Operating results for the periods presented are not indicative of the results that may be expected for future years.

Years Ended December 31,

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

(in thousands)
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) Data:









Net revenues
$
1,616,519


$
1,612,831


$
1,637,826


$
1,581,288


$
1,487,606

Pre-opening costs
2,274

 

 
4,250

 

 

Operating income
178,293


218,866


270,489


167,050


74,027

Net income (loss)
6,729


(85,622
)

57,037


(96,283
)

(154,496
)


18



As of December 31,

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

(in thousands)
Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:









Cash and cash equivalents
$
225,686


$
77,062


$
266,360


$
231,156


$
148,415

Construction in progress
33,229


12,294


5,971


4,619


2,518

Total assets (1)
3,130,237


3,145,743


3,442,675


3,541,203


3,629,010

Total long-term obligations (1) (2)
3,171,212


3,167,925


2,976,620


3,099,795


3,085,637

Member’s equity (deficit)
(343,961
)

(292,780
)

(39,950
)

(22,801
)

67,085


(1)
For fiscal years 2015 and prior, the total assets and total long-term debt obligations have been reclassified to conform to the presentation from the retrospective application of deferred financing costs accounting guidance we adopted on January 1, 2016. See recently adopted accounting guidance in Item 8—"Financial Statements and Supplementary Data," Note 2 "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies—Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Standards."

(2)
Includes long-term debt, long-term amounts due to affiliates, and other long-term liabilities.

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by, the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Overview

We are a developer, owner and operator of destination casino resorts (integrated resorts). We currently own and operate Wynn Las Vegas, an integrated casino resort on the "Strip" in Las Vegas, Nevada. Wynn Las Vegas, located at the intersection of the Las Vegas Strip and Sands Avenue, occupies approximately 215 acres of land (of which approximately 140 acres constitute the Wynn Las Vegas golf course) fronting the Las Vegas Strip, and utilizes approximately 18 additional acres across Sands Avenue, a portion of which is improved with an employee parking garage, and approximately five acres adjacent to the golf course on which an office building is located. We lease 140 acres where the golf course is located, along with related water rights, from Wynn Resorts.

Wynn Las Vegas features approximately 189,000 square feet of casino space with 234 table games, 1,907 slot machines and two luxury hotel towers with a total of 4,748 guest rooms, suites and villas. Wynn Las Vegas includes 33 food and beverage outlets, approximately 99,000 square feet of retail space (of which, effective December 28, 2016, approximately 88,000 square feet is owned and operated by a joint venture of which Wynn Resorts own 50.1%), approximately 290,000 square feet of meeting and convention space, an on-site 18 hole golf course, as well as two showrooms, three nightclubs and a beach club, and recreation and leisure facilities.

On December 28, 2016, a subsidiary of Wynn Resorts formed a joint venture (the "Retail Joint Venture") with Crown Acquisitions Inc. ("Crown") to own and operate approximately 88,000 square feet of existing retail space at Wynn Las Vegas. In connection with the transaction, we distributed $59.7 million in net assets associated with our retail operations to Wynn Resorts. These retail net assets include building and improvements, retail inventory for stores operated by us and other related assets and liabilities. We transferred all interests as lessor in third-party retail store leases to the Retail Joint Venture as part of the transaction and the majority of the retail stores previously operated by us are now operated under a master lease agreement between Wynn Retail, LLC ("Wynn Retail"), a wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn Resorts, as lessee, and the Retail Joint Venture, as lessor. As a result of the transaction, our financial results will no longer reflect the operations associated with the distributed retail net assets. The income before income taxes from the retail operations was $27.4 million during the year ended December 31, 2016.
Also in December 2016, Wynn Resorts entered into an agreement with Crown to form a joint venture that will own and operate approximately 73,000 square feet of additional retail space that is currently under construction at Wynn Las Vegas. We expect to transfer certain assets and liabilities associated with the additional retail space to Wynn Resorts prior to opening for business in the first quarter of 2018.

Key Operating Measures


19


Certain key operating measures specific to the gaming industry are included in our discussion of the Company’s operational performance for the periods for which a Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) is presented. Below are definitions of these key operating measures discussed:

Table drop is the amount of cash and net markers issued that are deposited in a gaming table’s drop box.
Table games win is the amount of drop that is retained and recorded as casino revenue.
Slot win is the amount of handle (representing the total amount wagered) that is retained and is recorded as casino revenue.
Average daily rate ("ADR") is calculated by dividing total room revenues including the retail value of promotional allowances (less service charges, if any) by total rooms occupied, including complimentary rooms.
Revenue per available room ("REVPAR") is calculated by dividing total room revenues including the retail value of promotional allowances (less service charges, if any) by total rooms available.
Occupancy is calculated by dividing total occupied rooms including complimentary rooms by the total rooms available.

Results of Operations

Summary Annual Results

The following table summarizes our financial results for the periods presented (in thousands).
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Net revenues
$
1,616,519

 
$
1,612,831

 
$
1,637,826

Net income (loss)
6,729

 
(85,622
)
 
57,037

Adjusted Property EBITDA
474,116

 
477,166

 
515,196


During the year ended December 31, 2016, net income was $6.7 million, compared to a net loss of $85.6 million for the same period of 2015. The change was primarily due to $126.3 million in losses from the extinguishment of debt incurred during the year ended December 31, 2015, related to the purchase of the 7 7/8% First Mortgage Notes due May 1, 2020 (the "7 7/8% 2020 Notes") and the 7 3/4% First Mortgage Notes due August 15, 2020 (the "7 3/4% 2020 Notes" and together with the 7 7/8% 2020 Notes, the "2020 Notes") pursuant to a cash tender offer and subsequent redemption of the untendered 2020 Notes. This change was partially offset by a $30.9 million increase in property charges and other incurred during the year ended December 31, 2016.

During the year ended December 31, 2015, we experienced a net loss of $85.6 million, compared to a net income of $57.0 million for the same period of 2014. The change was mainly attributable to the $126.3 million in losses on the extinguishment of debt related to the 2020 Notes and a reduction in operating income, partially offset by the impact from financing activities in the current year on our interest expense.

Adjusted Property EBITDA was relatively flat with $474.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $477.2 million for the same period of 2015.

We offer gaming, hotel accommodations, dining, entertainment, convention services and other amenities at our resort. We currently rely solely upon the operations of Wynn Las Vegas for our operating cash flow. Concentration of our cash flows to Wynn Las Vegas exposes us to certain risks that competitors, whose operations are more diversified, may be better able to control. In addition to the concentration of operations to Wynn Las Vegas, many of our customers are premium gaming customers who wager on credit, thus exposing us to increased credit risk. High-end gaming also increases the potential for variability in our results.


20


Financial results for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to the year ended December 31, 2015.

Net revenues

The following table presents net revenues from our casino revenues and non-casino revenues (dollars in thousands).
 
Years Ended December 31,


 
2016

2015

Percent
Change
Net revenues





Casino revenues
$
613,071

 
$
619,494


(1.0
)
Non-casino revenues
1,003,448

 
993,337


1.0


$
1,616,519

 
$
1,612,831


0.2


The percentage of our net revenues from non-casino revenues was 62.1% for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to 61.6% for the same period of 2015. Casino revenues were 37.9% of total net revenues for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to 38.4% of total net revenues for the same period of 2015.

Casino revenues

Casino revenues decreased to $613.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, from $619.5 million for the same period of 2015. We experienced a 10.8% year-over-year decrease in table drop, primarily from international customers, largely offset by an increase in table games win percentage of 1.5 percentage points from 23.8% to 25.3%.
  
The table below sets forth our casino revenues and associated key operating measures related to our operations (dollars in thousands except for win per unit per day).
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
Increase/ (Decrease)  
 
Percent
Change   
Total casino revenues
$
613,071

 
$
619,494

 
$
(6,423
)
 
(1.0
)
   Average number of table games
235

 
232

 
3

 
1.3

   Drop
$
1,838,479

 
$
2,060,189

 
$
(221,710
)
 
(10.8
)
   Table games win
$
465,041

 
$
490,920

 
$
(25,879
)
 
(5.3
)
   Table games win %
25.3
%
 
23.8
%
 
1.5

 
 
   Table games win per unit per day
$
5,406

 
$
5,786

 
$
(380
)
 
(6.6
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Average number of slot machines
1,893

 
1,866

 
27

 
1.4

   Slot machine handle
$
3,148,610

 
$
2,969,327

 
$
179,283

 
6.0

   Slot machine win
$
208,024

 
$
206,626

 
$
1,398

 
0.7

   Slot machine win per unit per day
$
300

 
$
303

 
$
(3
)
 
(1.0
)

Non-casino revenues

Non-casino revenues increased 1.0%, or $10.1 million, to $1.00 billion for the year ended December 31, 2016, from $993.3 million for the same period of 2015. The increase was primarily due to an increase of 5.7% in room revenues, partially offset by a decrease of 2.3% in food and beverage revenues and a decrease of 2.5% in entertainment, retail and other revenues.

Room revenues increased 5.7%, or $23.5 million, to $436.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, from $413.2 million for the same period of 2015. The increase was primarily attributable to a 3.9% increase in ADR to $296 for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $285 for the same period of 2015.


21


The table below sets forth our room revenues and associated key operating measures related to our operations.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
Percent
Change (a)
Total room revenues (dollars in thousands)
$
436,613

 
$
413,152

 
5.7
    Occupancy
85.3
%
 
85.2
%
 
0.1
    ADR
$
296

 
$
285

 
3.9
    REVPAR
$
252

 
$
243

 
3.7
(a) Except occupancy, which is presented as a percentage point change.

Food and beverage revenues decreased 2.3%, or $12.0 million, to $508.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $520.2 million for the same period of 2015, mainly due to a decline in revenues from our nightclubs.

Entertainment, retail and other revenues decreased 2.5%, or $5.8 million, to $227.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $233.7 million for the same period of 2015, primarily due to a decline in retail revenues. As previously discussed, as a result of the transaction involving the Retail Joint Venture, our financial results will no longer reflect the operations associated with the distributed net assets.

Promotional allowances decreased 2.5%, or $4.4 million, to $169.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, from $173.7 million for the same period of 2015, primarily as a result of fewer complimentaries due to the decrease in table drop.

Operating costs and expenses

Operating costs and expenses increased 3.2%, or $44.3 million, to $1.44 billion for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $1.39 billion for the same period of 2015, primarily due to a $30.9 million increase in property charges and other and an $8.3 million increase in general and administrative expenses.

Casino expenses decreased 2.6%, or $7.6 million, to $284.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $291.7 million for the same period of 2015, mainly due to a reduction in the cost of complimentaries and other casino expenses.

Room expenses were relatively flat with $148.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $144.4 million for the same period of 2015.

Food and beverage expense was relatively flat with $336.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $339.8 million for the same period of 2015.

Entertainment, retail and other expenses were relatively flat with $134.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to from $136.7 million for the same period of 2015.

General and administrative expense increased 3.4%, or $8.3 million, to $254.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $246.1 million for the same period of 2015. The increase was primarily due to an increase in advertising and payroll related expenses, partially offset by a decrease in corporate allocations.

Provision for doubtful accounts increased 141.6%, or $4.2 million, to $7.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $2.9 million for the same period of 2015. The increase was due to the impact of historical collection patterns and current collection trends, as well as a specific review of customer accounts, on our estimated allowance for the respective periods.

Management and license fees increased 9.0%, or $4.2 million, to $51.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, from $46.8 million for the same period of 2015. In February 2015, the Company began incurring fees associated with its license agreement with Wynn Resorts and a wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn Resorts for use of certain intellectual property. The license agreement resulted in additional fees of $4.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to the same period of 2015.


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Property charges and other expense was $34.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $3.5 million for the same period in 2015. During the year ended December 31, 2016, we incurred a $15.5 million exit fee for the right to procure energy from the wholesale energy markets instead of from the local public electric utility, $8.8 million in abandonment charges primarily related to construction of additional retail space and $5.5 million for the write-off of show production costs due to the closing of Steve Wynn's ShowStoppers in December 2016.

Non-operating income and expenses

Interest expense decreased 4.5%, or $8.1 million, to $171.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $180.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. In February 2015, we issued $1.8 billion of 5 1/2% Senior Notes due 2025 ("2025 Notes") and used the proceeds for the purchase of $305.8 million of 7 7/8% 2020 Notes and $1.15 billion of 7 3/4% 2020 Notes pursuant to a cash tender offer. In May 2015, we redeemed the remaining $71.1 million principal amount of the untendered 7 7/8% 2020 Notes, and in August 2015, we redeemed the remaining $80.1 million principal amount of the untendered 7 3/4% 2020 Notes. As a result of these financing activities, our weighted average interest rate was lower for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to the same period of 2015.

We incurred a loss of $126.3 million on the extinguishment of debt for the year ended December 31, 2015, in connection with the cash tender offer for the 2020 Notes and the subsequent redemption of the untendered 2020 Notes. We expensed $101.2 million for the consideration to holders who tendered, $17.3 million of unamortized deferred financing costs and original issue discount, and $0.1 million in other fees incurred. In connection with the redemption of the remaining untendered 2020 Notes, we recorded a loss for the premium portion of the consideration of $5.9 million and expensed $1.8 million of unamortized deferred financing costs and original discount. We incurred no loss on extinguishment of debt for the year ended December 31, 2016.

Financial results for the year ended December 31, 2015 compared to the year ended December 31, 2014.

Net revenues

The following table presents net revenues from our casino revenues and non-casino revenues (dollars in thousands).
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Percent Change
Net revenues
 
 
 
 
 
Casino revenues
$
619,494

 
$
687,440

 
(9.9
)
Non-casino revenues
993,337

 
950,386

 
4.5

 
$
1,612,831

 
$
1,637,826

 
(1.5
)

The percentage of our net revenues from non-casino revenues was 61.6% for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to 58.0% for the same period of 2014. Casino revenues were 38.4% of total net revenues for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to 42.0% of total net revenues for the same period of 2014. The increase in non-casino revenues as a percentage of total net revenues reflects performance of non-gaming amenities, such as our nightclubs and continued high occupancy and use of our facilities.


23


Casino revenues

Casino revenues decreased to $619.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, from $687.4 million for the same period of 2014. The decrease in casino revenues was primarily attributable to a 19.4% decrease in table drop, primarily from international customers, partially offset by a 10.8% increase in slot machine win driven by a higher slot win percentage.

The table below sets forth our casino revenues and associated key operating measures related to our operations (dollars in thousands, except for win per unit per day).  
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Increase/ (Decrease)  
 
Percent
  Change   
Total casino revenues
$
619,494

 
$
687,440

 
$
(67,946
)
 
(9.9
)
   Average number of table games
232

 
232

 

 

   Table drop
$
2,060,189

 
$
2,556,452

 
$
(496,263
)
 
(19.4
)
   Table games win
$
490,920

 
$
623,968

 
$
(133,048
)
 
(21.3
)
   Table games win %
23.8
%
 
24.4
%
 
(0.6
)
 
 
   Table games win per unit per day
$
5,786

 
$
7,354

 
$
(1,568
)
 
(21.3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Average number of slot machines
1,866

 
1,858

 
8

 
0.4

   Slot machine handle
$
2,969,327

 
$
3,008,563

 
$
(39,236
)
 
(1.3
)
   Slot machine win
$
206,626

 
$
186,458

 
$
20,168

 
10.8

   Slot machine win per unit per day
$
303

 
$
275

 
$
28

 
10.2


Non-casino revenues

Non-casino revenues increased 4.5%, or $43.0 million, to $993.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, from $950.4 million for the same period of 2014 with increases in all non-casino gross revenue line items.

Room revenues increased 1.0%, or $4.2 million, to $413.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, from $409.0 million for the same period of 2014, due to a 4.0% increase in ADR, partially offset by the impact of a 1.7 percentage point decrease in occupancy.

The table below sets forth our room revenues and associated key operating measures related to our operations.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Percent Change (a)
Total room revenues (dollars in thousands)
$
413,152

 
$
408,981

 
1.0

Occupancy
85.2
%
 
86.9
%
 
(1.7
)
ADR
$
285

 
$
274

 
4.0

REVPAR
$
243

 
$
238

 
2.1

(a) Except occupancy, which is presented as a percentage point change.

Food and beverage revenues increased 3.2%, or $16.4 million, to $520.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to $503.8 million for the same period of 2014, mainly due to increases in revenues at our nightclubs and from catering and banquets.

Entertainment, retail and other revenues increased 2.4%, or $5.6 million, to $233.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to $228.1 million for the same period of 2014, primarily as a result of the opening of Steve Wynn's ShowStoppers in December 2014.

Promotional allowances decreased 8.9%, or $16.9 million, to $173.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, from $190.5 million for the same period of 2014, primarily as a result of less complimentaries due to the decrease in table drop.


24


Operating costs and expenses

Operating costs and expenses increased 1.9%, or $26.6 million, to $1.39 billion for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to $1.37 billion for the same period of 2014.

Casino expenses decreased 6.2%, or $19.4 million, to $291.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to $311.1 million for the same period of 2014, primarily due to a decrease in gaming tax and other expenses associated with the casino revenue decrease.

Room expense was relatively flat with $144.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to $143.9 million for the same period of 2014.
 
Food and beverage expense increased 6.8%, or $21.8 million, to $339.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, from $318.0 million for the same period of 2014. The increase in food and beverage expense was primarily a result of higher costs in the current period for entertainment at our nightclubs.

Entertainment, retail and other expenses increased 5.8%, or $7.5 million, to $136.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, from $129.3 million for the same period of 2014, primarily attributable to costs associated with Steve Wynn's ShowStoppers, which opened in December 2014.

General and administrative expense decreased 3.4%, or $8.6 million, to $246.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, from $254.6 million for the same period of 2014, primarily attributable to a decrease in corporate allocations, partially offset by increased advertising expenses.

Provision for doubtful accounts was $2.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to $7.1 million for the same period of 2014. The change in the provision was due to the decrease in table drop as well as the historical collection patterns and current collection trends, as well as a specific review of customer accounts, on our estimated allowance for the respective periods.

Property charges and other expense was $3.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to a gain of $4.9 million for the same period in 2014.  For the year ended December 31, 2015, property charges and other expense primarily consisted of miscellaneous renovations and abandonments at our resort, while in the same period of 2014 we experienced a gain related to the sale of an aircraft.

Non-operating income and expenses

Interest expense decreased 11.9%, or $24.4 million, to $180.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to $204.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. In February 2015, we issued $1.8 billion of 5 1/2% senior notes due 2025 and used the proceeds for the purchase of $305.8 million of 7 7/8% 2020 Notes and $1.15 billion of 7 3/4% 2020 Notes pursuant to a cash tender offer. In May 2015, we redeemed the remaining $71.1 million principal amount of the untendered 7 7/8% 2020 Notes and in August 2015 redeemed the remaining $80.1 million principal amount of the untendered 7 3/4% 2020 Notes. As a result of these financing activities, our weighted average interest rate was lower for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to the same period of 2014.

We incurred a loss of $126.3 million on the extinguishment of debt for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to $9.6 million for the same period of 2014. During the year ended December 31, 2015, the loss was in connection with the cash tender offer of the 2020 Notes and subsequent redemption of the untendered 2020 Notes. We incurred a loss associated with the premium paid and the write-off of related unamortized deferred financing costs and original issue discount and other fees. During the year ended December 31, 2014, the loss was for the premium paid on the 2020 Notes through open market transactions and the write-off of related unamortized deferred financing costs and original issue discount.


25


Adjusted Property EBITDA

We use Adjusted Property EBITDA to manage the operating results of our resort. Adjusted Property EBITDA is net income (loss) before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, pre-opening costs, property charges and other, management and license fees, corporate expenses and other (including intercompany golf course and water rights leases), stock-based compensation, loss on extinguishment of debt, and other non-operating income and expenses and includes equity in income from unconsolidated affiliates. Adjusted Property EBITDA is presented exclusively as a supplemental disclosure because we believe that it is widely used to measure the performance, and as a basis for valuation, of gaming companies. We use Adjusted Property EBITDA as a measure of the operating performance of our resort and comparison with competitors, as well as a basis for determining certain incentive compensation. We also present Adjusted Property EBITDA because it is used by some investors as a way to measure a company's ability to incur and service debt, make capital expenditures and meet working capital requirements. Gaming companies have historically reported EBITDA as a supplement to financial measures in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). In order to view the operations of their casinos on a more stand-alone basis, gaming companies, including us, have historically excluded from their EBITDA calculations pre-opening expenses, property charges, corporate expenses and stock-based compensation that do not relate to the management of specific casino properties. However, Adjusted Property EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to operating income as an indicator of our performance, as an alternative to cash flows from operating activities as a measure of liquidity, or as an alternative to any other measure determined in accordance with GAAP. Unlike measures of net income, Adjusted Property EBITDA does not include depreciation or interest expense and therefore does not reflect current or future capital expenditures or the cost of capital. We have significant uses of cash flows, including capital expenditures, interest payments, debt principal repayments, taxes and other non-recurring charges, which are not reflected in Adjusted Property EBITDA. Also, our calculation of Adjusted Property EBITDA may be different from the calculation methods used by other companies and, therefore, comparability may be limited.

The following table presents a reconciliation of Adjusted Property EBITDA to net income (loss) (in thousands):
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Adjusted Property EBITDA
$
474,116

 
$
477,166

 
$
515,196

Other operating costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
Pre-opening costs
2,274

 

 
4,250

Depreciation and amortization
184,949

 
181,981

 
179,394

Property charges and other
34,409

 
3,480

 
(4,915
)
Management and license fees
51,035

 
46,835

 
24,580

Corporate expenses and other
20,075

 
21,469

 
36,621

Stock-based compensation
3,065

 
2,792

 
4,342

Equity in income from unconsolidated affiliates
16

 
1,743

 
435

Total other operating costs and expenses
295,823

 
258,300

 
244,707

Operating income
178,293

 
218,866

 
270,489

Other non-operating income and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
296

 
11

 
27

Interest expense
(171,876
)
 
(179,965
)
 
(204,345
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt

 
(126,277
)
 
(9,569
)
Equity in income from unconsolidated affiliates
16

 
1,743

 
435

Total other non-operating income and expenses
(171,564
)
 
(304,488
)
 
(213,452
)
Net income (loss)
$
6,729

 
$
(85,622
)
 
$
57,037



26


Liquidity and Capital Resources

Operating Activities

Our operating cash flows primarily consist of our operating income generated by our resort (excluding depreciation and amortization and other non-cash charges), interest paid and earned, and changes in working capital accounts such as receivables, inventories, prepaid expenses and payables. Our table games play is a mix of cash play and credit play, while our slot machine play is conducted primarily on a cash basis. A significant portion of our table games revenue is attributable to the play of a limited number of premium international customers who gamble on credit. The ability to collect these gaming receivables may impact our operating cash flow for the period. Our rooms, food and beverage, and entertainment, retail, and other revenue is conducted primarily on a cash basis or as a trade receivable. Accordingly, operating cash flows will be impacted by changes in operating income and accounts receivables.

Net cash provided by operations for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $264.9 million, compared to $24.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. The increase was primarily due to $192.8 million in accrued management fees paid to Wynn Resorts during the year ended December 31, 2015, as we were no longer subject to certain restrictive covenants under the indenture governing the 2020 Notes.

Net cash provided by operations for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $24.2 million, compared to $279.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The decrease was primarily due to $192.8 million in accrued management fees paid to Wynn Resorts during the year ended December 31, 2015, as we were no longer subject to certain restrictive covenants under the indenture governing the 2020 Notes.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $116.2 million, compared to $107.5 million for the same period of 2015, primarily consisting of capital expenditures. Capital expenditures for the year ended December 31, 2016 were primarily for the development of additional high-end, brand-name retail space, re-branding of one of our nightclubs and general property maintenance.

Net cash used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $107.5 million, compared to $29.6 million for the same period of 2014, primarily consisting of capital expenditures associated with general property maintenance and the remodel of guest rooms in our Encore hotel tower. The majority of cash used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2014 was for capital expenditures related to general property maintenance, partially offset by $29.8 million in proceeds primarily from the sale of an aircraft.

Financing Activities

Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $0.1 million for a cash distribution to our parent.

Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $106.0 million. During the year ended December 31, 2015, we issued $1.8 billion of 2025 Notes with proceeds used for the purchase of $1.60 billion of our 2020 Notes pursuant to a cash tender offer and subsequent redemptions of the untendered notes. During the year ended December 31, 2015, the proceeds from the issuance were partially offset by distributions to our parent of $170.0 million and payments of financing costs of $132.4 million.

Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $214.3 million, primarily attributable to the repurchase of $98.4 million in principal plus interest of our 2020 Notes through open market transactions, cash distribution of $74.9 million to our parent and $32.6 million for the repayment of the remaining principal amount and accrued interest on a note payable secured by an aircraft.

Capital Resources

As of December 31, 2016, we had approximately $225.7 million of cash and cash equivalents available for use without restriction, including for operations, debt service and extinguishment, new development activities, enhancements to our property and general corporate purposes. We require a certain amount of cash on hand for operations. We expect to meet our current debt maturities and planned capital expenditure requirements with future anticipated cash flow from operations and our existing cash balances.

27



Debt

Our debt consists of first mortgage notes and senior notes which rank pari passu in right of payment.

2022 Notes. In March 2012, Wynn Las Vegas, LLC and Capital Corp., (together with Wynn Las Vegas, the "Issuers"), issued $900 million aggregate principal amount of the 5 3/8% First Mortgage Notes due 2022 (the "2022 Notes") pursuant to an indenture, dated as of March 12, 2012 (the “2022 Indenture”), among the Issuers, the Guarantors (as defined below) and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee (the “Trustee”). The 2022 Notes will mature on March 15, 2022 and bear interest at the rate of 5 3/8% per annum. The Issuers may, at their option, redeem the 2022 Notes, in whole or in part, at any time or from time to time on or after March 15, 2017, in accordance with a premium schedule set forth in the 2022 Indenture, plus accrued and unpaid interest. If the Issuers undergo a change of control (as defined in the 2022 Indenture), the Issuers will be required to offer to repurchase the first mortgage notes at 101% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest.

2023 Notes. In May 2013, the Issuers issued $500 million aggregate principal amount of 4 1/4% Senior Notes due 2023 (the "2023 Notes") pursuant to an indenture, dated as of May 22, 2013 (the "2023 Indenture"), among the Issuers, the Guarantors and the Trustee. The 2023 Notes will mature on May 30, 2023 and bear interest at the rate of 4 1/4% per annum. The Issuers may, at their option, redeem the 2023 Notes, in whole or in part, at any time or from time to time prior to their stated maturity. The redemption price for 2023 Notes that are redeemed before February 28, 2023 will include a “make-whole” premium, plus accrued and unpaid interest. In the event of a change of control triggering event (as defined in the 2023 Indenture), the Issuers will be required to offer to repurchase the 2023 Notes at 101% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest.

2025 Notes. In February 2015, the Issuers issued $1.8 billion aggregate principal amount of the 2025 Notes pursuant to an indenture, dated as of February 18, 2015 (the "2025 Indenture"), among the Issuers, Guarantors and the Trustee. The 2025 Notes will mature on March 1, 2025 and bear interest at the rate of 5 1/2% per annum. The Issuers may, at their option, redeem the 2025 Notes, in whole or in part, at any time or from time to time prior to their stated maturity. The redemption price for 2023 Notes that are redeemed before December 1, 2024 will include a “make-whole” premium, plus accrued and unpaid interest. In the event of a change of control triggering event (as defined in the 2025 Indenture), the Issuers will be required to offer to repurchase the 2025 Notes at 101% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest.

Each of the 2022 Notes, 2023 Notes and 2025 Notes are senior obligations of the Issuers and are unsecured, except by a first priority pledge by Wynn Las Vegas Holdings, LLC of its equity interests in Wynn Las Vegas, LLC. If Wynn Resorts receives an investment grade rating from one or more ratings agencies, the first priority pledge securing the 2023 Notes and 2025 Notes will be released.

Each of the 2023 Notes and 2025 Notes are jointly and severally guaranteed by all of the Issuers' subsidiaries, other than Capital Corp. which was a co-issuer (the "Guarantors"). The guarantees are senior unsecured obligations and rank senior in right of payment to all of their existing and future subordinated debt. The guarantees rank equally in right of payment with all existing and future liabilities of the Issuers' subsidiaries that are not so subordinated and will be effectively subordinated in right of payment to all of such existing and future secured debt (to the extent of the collateral securing such debt).

The 2022 Indenture contains customary negative covenants and financial covenants, including, but not limited to, covenants that restrict the Issuers' and the Guarantors' ability to pay dividends or distributions or repurchase equity; incur additional debt; make investments; create liens on assets to secure debt; enter into transactions with affiliates; enter into sale-leaseback transactions; merge or consolidate with another company; and transfer and sell assets or create dividend and other payment restrictions affecting subsidiaries. Each of the 2023 Indenture and 2025 Indenture contains negative covenants and financial covenants, including, but not limited to, covenants limiting the Issuers' and the Guarantors' ability to create liens on assets to secure debt; enter into sale-leaseback transactions; and merge or consolidate with another company. These covenants are subject to a number of important and significant limitations, qualifications and exceptions.

Events of default under each of the 2022 Indenture, 2023 Indenture and 2025 Indenture include, among others, the following: default for 30 days in the payment of interest when due on the applicable notes; default in payment of the principal, or premium, if any, when due on the applicable notes; failure to comply with certain covenants in the applicable indenture; and certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency. In the case of an event of default arising from certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency with respect to the Issuers or Guarantors, all notes then outstanding will become due and payable immediately without further action or notice.

Each of the 2022 Notes, 2023 Notes and 2025 Notes are also subject to mandatory redemption requirements imposed by

28


gaming laws and regulations of gaming authorities in Nevada.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have not entered into any transactions with special purpose entities nor do we engage in any derivatives except for interest rate swaps entered into in the past to manage interest rate risk associated with variable rate borrowings. We do not have any retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to an unconsolidated entity. As of December 31, 2016, we had outstanding letters of credit totaling $13.7 million.

Contractual Obligations and Commitments

The following table summarizes our scheduled contractual commitments as of December 31, 2016 (in millions):
 
Payments Due By Period
 
Less
Than
1 Year
 
1 to
3 Years
 
4 to
5 Years
 
After
5 Years
 
Total
Long-term debt obligations
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
3,200.0

 
$
3,200.0

Fixed interest payments
168.6

 
337.3

 
337.3

 
353.7

 
1,196.8

Operating leases
3.2

 
6.2

 
4.6

 
7.6

 
21.6

Construction contracts and commitments
59.6

 

 

 

 
59.6

Employment agreements
32.6

 
27.7

 
1.9

 

 
62.1

Other (1)
48.3

 
32.2

 

 

 
80.5

Total commitments
$
312.3

 
$
403.2

 
$
343.8

 
$
3,561.2

 
$
4,620.5


(1)    Other includes open purchase orders, performance and other contracts.

Other Factors Affecting Liquidity

We are restricted under the 2022 Indenture from making certain "restricted payments" as defined. These restricted payments include the payments of dividends or distributions to any direct or indirect holders of equity interests of Wynn Las Vegas, LLC. These restricted payments may not be made unless certain financial and non-financial criteria have been satisfied.

We intend to fund our operations and capital requirements from cash on hand and operating cash flow. We cannot be sure that we will generate sufficient cash flow from operations or that future borrowings that are available to us, if any, will be sufficient to enable us to service and repay our indebtedness and to fund our other liquidity needs. We cannot be sure that we will be able to refinance any of our indebtedness on acceptable terms or at all.

Legal proceedings in which we are involved also may impact our liquidity. No assurance can be provided as to the outcome of such proceedings. In addition, litigation inherently involves significant costs. For information regarding legal proceedings, see Item 8— "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data," Note 8 "Commitments and Contingencies."

We have in the past repurchased, and in the future, we may periodically consider repurchasing our outstanding notes for cash. The amount of any notes to be repurchased, as well as the timing of any repurchases, will be based on business, market and other conditions and factors, including price, contractual requirements or consents, and capital availability.

New business developments or other unforeseen events may occur, resulting in the need to raise additional funds. We continue to explore opportunities to develop additional gaming or related businesses in the United States. There can be no assurances regarding the business prospects with respect to any other opportunity. Any other development would require us to obtain additional financing.


29


Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Management's discussion and analysis of our results of operations and liquidity and capital resources are based on our consolidated financial statements. Our consolidated financial statements were prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. A summary of our significant accounting policies are presented in Item 8—"Financial Statements and Supplementary Data", Note 2 "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies." Certain of our accounting policies require management to apply significant judgment in defining the appropriate assumptions integral to financial estimates. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates those estimates, including those relating to the estimated lives of depreciable assets, asset impairment, allowances for doubtful accounts, accruals for customer loyalty programs, contingencies, litigation and other items. Judgments are based on historical experience, terms of existing contracts, industry trends and information available from outside sources, as appropriate. However, by their nature, judgments are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty, and therefore actual results could differ from our estimates.

Development, Construction and Property and Equipment Estimates

During the construction and development of a resort, pre-opening or start-up costs are expensed when incurred. In connection with the construction and development of our resort, significant start-up costs were incurred and charged to pre-opening costs prior to the opening date. Once open, expenses associated with the opening of the resort are no longer charged as pre-opening costs.

During the construction and development stage, direct costs such as those incurred for the design and construction of our properties, including applicable portions of interest, are capitalized. Accordingly, the recorded amounts of property and equipment increase significantly during construction periods. Depreciation is provided over the estimated useful lives of the assets using the straight-line method. We determine the estimated useful lives based on our experience with similar assets, estimate of the usage of the asset, and other factors specific to the asset. Depreciation expense related to capitalized construction costs is recognized when the related assets are placed in service. Upon the opening of our resorts, we begin recognizing depreciation expense on the fixed assets. The remaining estimated useful lives of assets are periodically reviewed and adjusted as necessary.

Costs of repairs and maintenance are charged to expense when incurred. The cost and accumulated depreciation of property and equipment retired or otherwise disposed of are eliminated from the respective accounts and any resulting gain or loss is included in operating income or loss.

We also evaluate our property and equipment and other long-lived assets for impairment in accordance with applicable accounting standards. For assets to be disposed of, we recognize the asset at the lower of carrying value or fair market value less costs of disposal, as estimated based on comparable asset sales, solicited offers, or a discounted cash flow model. For assets to be held and used, we review for impairment whenever indicators of impairment exist. In reviewing for impairment we compare the estimated future cash flows of the asset, on an undiscounted basis, to the carrying value of the asset. If the undiscounted cash flows exceed the carrying value, no impairment is indicated. If the undiscounted cash flows do not exceed the carrying value, an impairment is recorded based on the fair value of the asset, typically measured using a discounted cash flow model. If an asset is still under development, future cash flows include remaining construction costs. All recognized impairment losses, whether for assets to be disposed of or assets to be held and used, are recorded as operating expenses.

Allowance for Estimated Doubtful Accounts Receivable

A substantial portion of our outstanding receivables relate to casino credit play. Credit play, through the issuance of markers, represents a significant portion of the table games volume at Wynn Las Vegas. We maintain strict controls over the issuance of markers and aggressively pursue collection from those customers who fail to pay their balances in a timely fashion. These collection efforts may include the mailing of statements and delinquency notices, personal contacts, the use of outside collection agencies, and litigation. Markers are generally legally enforceable instruments in the United States. Markers are not legally enforceable instruments in some foreign countries, but the United States assets of foreign customers may be used to satisfy judgments entered in the United States.

The enforceability of markers and other forms of credit related to gaming debt outside of the United States varies from country to country. Some foreign countries do not recognize the enforceability of gaming related debt, or make enforcement burdensome. We closely consider the likelihood and difficulty of enforceability, among other factors, when issuing credit to customers who are not residents of the United States. In addition to our internal credit and collection departments, located in Las Vegas, we have a network of legal, accounting and collection professionals to assist us in our determinations regarding enforceability and our overall collection efforts.

30



As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, 80.3% and 80.1%, respectively, of the Company's markers were due from customers residing outside the United States, primarily in Asia. The collectability of markers given to foreign customers is affected by a number of factors including changes in currency exchange rates and economic conditions in the customers' home countries.

We regularly evaluate our reserve for bad debts based on a specific review of customer accounts as well as management's prior experience with collection trends in the casino industry and current economic and business conditions. In determining our allowance for estimated doubtful accounts receivable, we apply loss factors based on historical marker collection history to aged account balances and we specifically analyze the collectability of each account with a balance over a specified dollar amount, based upon the age, the customer's financial condition, collection history and any other known information.

The following table presents key statistics related to our casino accounts receivables (dollars in thousands):
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Casino accounts receivable
$
107,519

 
$
116,723

Allowance for doubtful casino accounts receivable
$
28,880

 
$
37,723

Allowance as a percentage of casino accounts receivable
26.9
%
 
32.3
%

Our reserve for doubtful casino accounts receivable is based on our estimates of amounts collectible and depends on the risk assessments and judgments by management regarding realizability, the state of the economy and our credit policy.

As of December 31, 2016, a 100 basis-point change in the allowance for doubtful accounts as a percentage of casino accounts receivable would change the provision for doubtful accounts by approximately $1.1 million.

As our customer payment experience evolves, we will continue to refine our estimated reserve for bad debts. Accordingly, the associated provision for doubtful accounts expense may fluctuate. Because individual customer account balances can be significant, the reserve and the provision can change significantly between periods, as we become aware of additional information about a customer or as changes occur in a region's economy or legal system.

Wynn Resorts' Equity Instruments Issued to Employees—Stock-Based Compensation

Accounting standards for stock-based payments establish standards for the accounting for transactions in which an entity exchanges its equity instruments for goods and services or incurs a liability in exchange for goods and services that are based on the fair value of the entity's equity instruments or that may be settled by the issuance of those equity instruments. It requires an entity to measure the costs of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award and recognize that cost over the service period. Wynn Resorts uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the grant-date fair value of its stock options. The Black-Scholes model uses assumptions of expected volatility, risk-free interest rates, the expected term of options granted, and expected rates of dividends. Wynn Resorts determines these assumptions by reviewing current market rates, making industry comparisons and reviewing relevant conditions.

The expected volatility and expected term assumptions can significantly impact the fair value of stock options. We believe that the valuation techniques and the approach utilized to develop the assumptions are reasonable in calculating the fair value of the options granted by Wynn Resorts. Wynn Resorts estimates the expected stock price volatility using a combination of implied and historical factors related to its stock price in accordance with applicable accounting standards. As the Wynn Resorts stock price fluctuates, this estimate will change. A hypothetical 10% change in the volatility assumption for options granted in 2016 would not have a material effect on the change in fair value. Expected term represents the estimated average time between the option's grant date and its exercise date. A hypothetical 10% change in the expected term assumption for options granted in 2016 would not have a material effect on the change in fair value. These assumed changes in fair value would have been recognized over the vesting schedule of such awards.

Accounting standards also require the classification of stock compensation expense in the same financial statement line items as cash compensation, and therefore impacts our departmental expenses (and related operating margins), pre-opening costs and construction in progress for our development projects, and our general and administrative expenses (including corporate expenses).


31


Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Standards

See related disclosure at Item 8—"Financial Statements and Supplementary Data," Note 2 "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies."

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Market risk is the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices, such as interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and commodity prices.

Interest Rate Risks

We had $3.20 billion of fixed-rate debt outstanding as of December 31, 2016. As a result of all of our debt outstanding being based on fixed rates, we currently do not have exposure from adverse changes in market rates.






32


Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

33


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

The Member of Wynn Las Vegas, LLC and subsidiaries:

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Wynn Las Vegas, LLC and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the related consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss), member’s deficit, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2016. Our audits also included the financial statement schedule listed in the index at Item 15(a)2. These financial statements and schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and schedule based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. We were not engaged to perform an audit of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Wynn Las Vegas, LLC and subsidiaries at December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the consolidated results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2016, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also, in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule referred to above, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly in all material respects the information set forth therein.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP
Las Vegas, Nevada
February 24, 2017


34



WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands)
 
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
ASSETS
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
225,686

 
$
77,062

Receivables, net
112,558

 
119,356

Inventories
23,938

 
51,293

Prepaid expenses and other
31,556

 
29,162

Total current assets
393,738

 
276,873

Property and equipment, net
2,699,996

 
2,825,239

Intangible assets, net
1,387

 
1,387

Other assets
35,116

 
41,487

Investment in unconsolidated affiliates

 
727

Total assets
$
3,130,237

 
$
3,145,713

LIABILITIES AND MEMBER’S DEFICIT
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
41,329

 
$
42,992

Customer deposits
95,259

 
84,094

Gaming taxes payable
11,121

 
11,610

Accrued compensation and benefits
61,822

 
52,312

Accrued interest
48,939

 
48,939

Other accrued liabilities
25,512

 
23,290

Due to affiliates, net
19,004

 
7,331

Total current liabilities
302,986

 
270,568

Long-term debt
3,168,959

 
3,165,499

Other long-term liabilities
2,253

 
2,426

Total liabilities
3,474,198

 
3,438,493

Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)

 

Member’s deficit:
 
 
 
Contributed capital
899,228

 
957,138

Accumulated deficit
(1,243,189
)
 
(1,249,918
)
Total member’s deficit
(343,961
)
 
(292,780
)
Total liabilities and member’s deficit
$
3,130,237

 
$
3,145,713










The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

35


WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in thousands)
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Operating revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
Casino
$
613,071

 
$
619,494

 
$
687,440

Rooms
436,613

 
413,152

 
408,981

Food and beverage
508,237

 
520,187

 
503,829

Entertainment, retail and other
227,896

 
233,674

 
228,115

Gross revenues
1,785,817

 
1,786,507

 
1,828,365

Less: promotional allowances
(169,298
)
 
(173,676
)
 
(190,539
)
Net revenues
1,616,519

 
1,612,831

 
1,637,826

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Casino
284,076

 
291,710

 
311,093

Rooms
148,685

 
144,439

 
143,937

Food and beverage
336,689

 
339,764

 
317,988

Entertainment, retail and other
134,618

 
136,746

 
129,278

General and administrative
254,394

 
246,073

 
254,638

Provision for doubtful accounts
7,097

 
2,937

 
7,094

Management and license fees
51,035

 
46,835

 
24,580

Pre-opening costs
2,274

 

 
4,250

Depreciation and amortization
184,949

 
181,981

 
179,394

Property charges and other
34,409

 
3,480

 
(4,915
)
Total operating costs and expenses
1,438,226

 
1,393,965

 
1,367,337

Operating income
178,293

 
218,866

 
270,489

Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
296

 
11

 
27

Interest expense
(171,876
)
 
(179,965
)
 
(204,345
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt

 
(126,277
)
 
(9,569
)
Equity in income from unconsolidated affiliates
16

 
1,743

 
435

Other income (expense), net
(171,564
)
 
(304,488
)
 
(213,452
)
Net income (loss)
6,729

 
(85,622
)
 
57,037

Other comprehensive income

 

 

Total comprehensive income (loss)
$
6,729

 
$
(85,622
)
 
$
57,037
















The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

36


WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF MEMBER’S DEFICIT
(in thousands)
 
 
Balance as of January 1, 2014
$
(22,801
)
Net income
57,037

Wynn Resorts, Limited stock-based compensation
4,342

Distributions to parent
(78,528
)
Balance as of December 31, 2014
(39,950
)
Net loss
(85,622
)
Wynn Resorts, Limited stock-based compensation
2,792

Distributions to parent
(170,000
)
Balance as of December 31, 2015
(292,780
)
Net income
6,729

Wynn Resorts, Limited stock-based compensation
1,787

Distributions to parent
(59,697
)
Balance as of December 31, 2016
$
(343,961
)





































The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

37


WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
6,729

 
$
(85,622
)
 
$
57,037

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

Depreciation and amortization
184,949

 
181,981

 
179,394

Stock-based compensation expense
3,065

 
2,792

 
4,342

Amortization and write off of deferred financing costs and other
3,460

 
3,221

 
7,721

Loss on extinguishment of debt

 
126,277

 
9,569

Provision for doubtful accounts
7,097

 
2,937

 
7,094

Property charges and other
18,612

 
3,470

 
(5,048
)
Equity in income (loss) of unconsolidated affiliates, net of distributions

 
1,324

 
(172
)
Increase (decrease) in cash from changes in:

 

 

Receivables, net
(2,236
)
 
40,713

 
(1,381
)
Inventories and prepaid expenses and other
3,321

 
(4,693
)
 
(3,287
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
13,609

 
(34,075
)
 
9,753

Due to affiliates, net
26,300

 
(214,097
)
 
14,021

Net cash provided by operating activities
264,906

 
24,228

 
279,043

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures, net of construction payables and retention
(107,046
)
 
(117,011
)
 
(62,535
)
Return of investment in unconsolidated affiliates
727

 
1,901

 

Purchase of other assets
(7,772
)
 
(2,901
)
 
(8,855
)
Due to affiliates, net
(5,217
)
 
7,465

 
12,039

Proceeds from sale of assets
3,145

 
3,031

 
29,787

Net cash used in investing activities
(116,163
)
 
(107,515
)
 
(29,564
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Distributions to parent
(119
)
 
(170,000
)
 
(74,913
)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

 
1,800,000

 

Principal payments on long-term debt

 

 
(32,550
)
Repurchase of first mortgage notes

 
(1,603,610
)
 
(98,400
)
Payments of financing costs

 
(132,401
)
 
(8,412
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(119
)
 
(106,011
)
 
(214,275
)
Cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
148,624

 
(189,298
)
 
35,204

Balance, beginning of year
77,062

 
266,360

 
231,156

Balance, end of year
$
225,686

 
$
77,062

 
$
266,360

 
 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow disclosures:
 
 
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest, net of amounts capitalized
$
168,416

 
$
183,200

 
$
202,554

Change in accounts and construction payables related to property and equipment
$
(1,910
)
 
$
2,712

 
$
1,036

Equity interest distribution

 

 
$
3,615

Retail net assets distribution
$
59,578

 

 




The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

38

WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



Note 1 - Organization

Wynn Las Vegas, LLC, a Nevada limited liability company, was organized primarily to construct and operate Wynn Las Vegas, an integrated destination casino resort on the "Strip" in Las Vegas, Nevada. Unless the context otherwise requires, all references herein to the "Company" refer to Wynn Las Vegas, LLC and its consolidated subsidiaries.

The Company is a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn Las Vegas Holdings, LLC ("WLVH"). WLVH is a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn America, LLC ("Wynn America"). Wynn America is a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn Resorts Holdings, LLC ("Holdings"). Holdings is a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn Resorts, Limited ("Wynn Resorts").

Wynn Las Vegas Capital Corp. ("Capital Corp.") is a wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn Las Vegas, LLC organized solely for the purpose of obtaining financing for Wynn Las Vegas. Capital Corp. is authorized to issue 2,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01. As of December 31, 2016, the Company owned the one share that was issued and outstanding. Wynn Capital has no significant net assets nor any operating activity. Its sole function is to serve as the co-issuer of the mortgage notes. Wynn Las Vegas, LLC and Wynn Capital together are hereinafter referred to as the "Issuers."

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. In April 2016, the Company dissolved its 50% owned joint venture operating the Ferrari and Maserati automobile dealership inside Wynn Las Vegas, which was closed in October 2015 and accounted for under the equity method. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents are comprised of highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less. Cash equivalents are carried at cost, which approximates fair value.

Accounts Receivable and Credit Risk

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of casino accounts receivable. The Company issues credit in the form of "markers" to approved casino customers following investigations of creditworthiness. As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, approximately 80.3% and 80.1%, respectively, of the Company's markers were due from customers residing outside the United States, primarily in Asia. Business or economic conditions or other significant events in these countries could affect the collectability of such receivables.

Accounts receivable, including casino and hotel receivables, are typically non-interest bearing and are initially recorded at cost. An estimated allowance for doubtful accounts is maintained to reduce the Company's receivables to their carrying amount, which approximates fair value. The allowance estimate reflects specific review of customer accounts as well as management's experience with historical and current collection trends and current economic and business conditions. Accounts are written off when management deems them to be uncollectible. Recoveries of accounts previously written off are recorded when received.


39

WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)




Inventories

Inventories consist of retail merchandise, and food and beverage items, which are stated at the lower of cost or market value and certain operating supplies. Cost is determined by the first-in, first-out, weighted average and specific identification methods.

Property and Equipment

Purchases of property and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation is provided over the estimated useful lives of the assets using the straight-line method as follows:

Buildings and improvements
10 to 45 years
Land improvements
10 to 45 years
Furniture, fixtures and equipment
3 to 20 years

Costs related to improvements are capitalized, while costs of building repairs and maintenance are charged to expense as incurred. The cost and accumulated depreciation of property and equipment retired or otherwise disposed of are eliminated from the respective accounts and any resulting gain or loss is included in property charges and other.

Capitalized Interest

The interest cost associated with major development and construction projects is capitalized and included in the cost of the project. Interest capitalization ceases once a project is substantially complete or no longer undergoing construction activities to prepare it for its intended use. When no debt is specifically identified as being incurred in connection with a construction project, the Company capitalizes interest on amounts expended on the project at the weighted average cost of the Company's outstanding borrowings. Interest of $0.2 million was capitalized for the year ended December 31, 2016, and no interest was capitalized for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

Intangible Assets

The Company's intangible assets are indefinite-lived and consist primarily of trademarks. The value of the trademarks primarily represents the costs to acquire the "Le Rêve" name. Indefinite-lived intangible assets are not amortized, but are reviewed for impairment annually.

Long-Lived Assets

Long-lived assets, which are not to be disposed of, including intangibles and property and equipment, are periodically reviewed by management for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the asset may not be recoverable. For assets to be held and used, the Company reviews these assets for impairment whenever indicators of impairment exist. If an indicator of impairment exists, the Company compares the estimated future cash flows of the asset, on an undiscounted basis, to the carrying value of the asset. If the undiscounted cash flows exceed the carrying value, no impairment is indicated. If the undiscounted cash flows do not exceed the carrying value, then impairment is measured as the difference between fair value and carrying value, with fair value typically based on a discounted cash flow model. If an asset is still under development, future cash flows include remaining construction costs.

40

WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)





Deferred Financing Costs

Direct and incremental costs and original issue discounts and premiums incurred in connection with the issuance of long-term debt are deferred and amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method or, if the amounts approximate the effective interest method, on a straight-line basis. Deferred financing costs incurred in connection with the issuance of long-term debt are presented as a direct reduction of long-term debt on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. See the Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Standards section below for details on the presentation change of deferred financing costs. Approximately $3.5 million, $3.5 million and $4.0 million was amortized to interest expense during the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Revenue Recognition and Promotional Allowances

The Company recognizes revenues at the time persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the service is provided or the retail goods are sold, prices are fixed or determinable and collection is reasonably assured.

Casino revenues are measured by the aggregate net difference between gaming wins and losses. Cash discounts, other cash incentives and points earned by customers from the Company's loyalty programs are recorded as a reduction to casino revenues. Rooms, food and beverage, entertainment and other operating revenues are recognized when services are performed. Entertainment, retail and other revenue includes rental income, which is recognized on a time proportion basis over the lease term. Contingent rental income is recognized when the right to receive such rental income is established according to the lease agreements. Advance deposits on rooms and advance ticket sales are recorded as customer deposits until services are provided to the customer.

The retail value of accommodations, food and beverage, and other services furnished to guests without charge is included in gross revenues. Such amounts are then deducted as promotional allowances. The estimated retail value of providing such promotional allowances is as follows (in thousands):
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Rooms
$
77,058

 
$
75,234

 
$
83,112

Food and beverage
73,887

 
80,007

 
87,236

Entertainment, retail and other
18,353

 
18,435

 
20,191

 
$
169,298

 
$
173,676

 
$
190,539


The estimated cost of providing such promotional allowances, which is included primarily in casino expenses, is as follows (in thousands):
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Rooms
$
32,634

 
$
33,264

 
$
36,384

Food and beverage
57,920

 
61,658

 
66,528

Entertainment, retail and other
11,557

 
11,421

 
12,165

 
$
102,111

 
$
106,343

 
$
115,077


Customer Loyalty Program

The Company offers a loyalty program whereby customers earn points based on their level of slots play, which can be redeemed for free play. The points are recognized as a liability and as a separate element of the gaming transaction with allocation of the consideration received between the points and gaming transaction. The initial recognition of the point liability is at fair value based on points earned multiplied by redemption value, less an estimate for points not expected to be redeemed. The revenue from the points is recognized when redeemed.




41

WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)




Gaming Taxes

The Company is subject to taxes based on gross gaming revenue in the jurisdiction in which it operates, subject to applicable jurisdictional adjustments. These gaming taxes are an assessment on the Company's gross gaming revenue and are recorded as casino expenses in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss). These taxes totaled $44.6 million, $44.6 million and $49.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Advertising Costs

The Company expenses advertising costs the first time the advertising takes place. Advertising costs incurred in development periods are included in pre-opening costs. Once a project is completed, advertising costs are primarily included in general and administrative expenses. Total advertising costs were $24.9 million, $20.4 million and $14.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Pre-Opening Costs

Pre-opening costs represent personnel and other costs incurred prior to the opening of new ventures and are expensed as incurred.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation related to equity shares of Wynn Resorts granted to its employees in accordance with accounting standards which require the compensation cost relating to share-based payment transactions be recognized in the Company's Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss). The cost is measured at the grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award using the Black-Scholes option pricing model for stock options, and based on the closing share price of the Company's stock on the grant date for nonvested share awards. The cost is recognized as an expense on a straight-line basis over the employee's requisite service period (the vesting period of the award) net of estimated forfeitures. The Company's stock-based employee compensation arrangements are more fully discussed in Note 7 "Benefit Plans."

Income Taxes

The Company is organized as a limited liability company with one member. As a limited liability company, the Company is considered a flow-through entity for U.S. income tax purposes resulting in its owner being obligated for any taxes resulting from its operations. Accordingly, no provision has been made for federal income taxes as such taxes are the responsibility of its member.

Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Standards

In August 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued an accounting standards update that clarifies the classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments on the statement of cash flows. In particular, the new guidance clarifies the classification related to several types of cash flows, including items such as debt extinguishment costs and distributions received from equity method investees. The new guidance also provides a three-step approach for classifying cash receipts and payments that have aspects of more than one class of cash flows. The effective date for this guidance is for financial statements for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal periods and early application is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact the adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standards update that involves several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. Under the new guidance, income tax benefits and deficiencies are to be recognized as income tax expense or benefit in the income statement and the tax effects of exercised or vested awards should be treated as discrete items in the reporting period in which they occur. An entity should also recognize excess tax benefits regardless of whether the benefit reduces taxes payable in the current period. Excess tax benefits should be classified along with other income tax cash flows as an operating activity. In regards to forfeitures, the entity may make an entity-wide accounting policy election to either estimate the number of awards that are expected to vest or account for forfeitures when they occur. The

42

WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)




effective date for this guidance is for financial statements for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those fiscal periods and early application is permitted. The Company adopted this guidance on January 1, 2017, and does not expect the adoption of this update to have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standards update that changes the accounting for leases and requires expanded disclosures about leasing activities. Under the new guidance, lessees will be required to recognize a right-of-use asset and lease liability, measured on a discounted basis, at the commencement date for all leases with terms greater than 12 months. Lessor accounting will remain largely unchanged, other than certain targeted improvements intended to align lessor accounting with the lessee accounting model and with the updated revenue recognition guidance issued in 2014. Lessees and lessors are required to apply a modified retrospective transition approach for leases existing at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the adoption-period financial statements. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact the adoption of this standard will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standards update that requires deferred financing costs related to a recognized debt liability to be presented on the balance sheet as a direct reduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The recognition and measurement guidance for deferred financing costs is not affected by the amendments in this update. In August 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standards update that clarifies that the guidance issued in April 2015 does not apply to line-of-credit arrangements. According to the additional guidance, deferred financing costs related to line-of-credit arrangements will continue to be presented as an asset and subsequently amortized ratably over the term of the arrangement. The effective date for this guidance is for financial statements for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted the guidance on January 1, 2016, with retrospective application in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2015. This change in accounting principle resulted in net deferred financing costs of $34.5 million incurred in connection with the issuance of the Company's long-term debt being reclassified from noncurrent assets to a direct reduction of the long-term debt balance as of December 31, 2015.

In May 2014, the FASB issued an accounting standards update that amends the FASB Accounting Standards Codification and creates a new topic for Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The new guidance is expected to clarify the principles for revenue recognition and to develop a common revenue standard for GAAP applicable to revenue transactions. This guidance provides that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods and services. This guidance also provides substantial revision of interim and annual disclosures. The update allows for either full retrospective adoption, meaning the guidance is applied for all periods presented, or modified retrospective adoption, meaning the guidance is applied only to the most current period presented in the financial statements with the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance recognized at the date of initial application. In August 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standards update that defers the effective date of the new revenue recognition accounting guidance by one year, to annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Early application is permitted for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company will adopt this standard effective January 1, 2018. The Company is currently assessing the impact the adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements. The Company expects the goods and services provided to customers without charge currently included in both gross revenues and promotional allowances in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Income will be presented on a net basis.
 
Note 3 - Receivables, net

Receivables, net consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Casino
$
107,519

 
$
116,723

Hotel
17,989

 
20,014

Other
16,610

 
21,288


142,118

 
158,025

Less: allowance for doubtful accounts
(29,560
)
 
(38,669
)

$
112,558

 
$
119,356


43

WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)





Note 4 - Property and Equipment, net

Property and equipment, net consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
December 31,
 
2016

2015
Land and improvements
$
627,942


$
623,866

Buildings and improvements
2,596,743


2,630,788

Furniture, fixtures and equipment
1,418,814


1,419,018

Construction in progress
33,229


12,294

 
4,676,728


4,685,966

Less: accumulated depreciation
(1,976,732
)

(1,860,727
)

$
2,699,996


$
2,825,239


Depreciation expense for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 was $184.9 million, $182.0 million and $179.4 million, respectively.


Note 5 - Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
5 3/8% First Mortgage Notes, due March 15, 2022, net of debt issuance costs of $6,709 and $7,791 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively
$
893,291

 
$
892,209

4 1/4% Senior Notes, due May 30, 2023, net of debt issuance costs of $2,819 and $3,183 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively
497,181

 
496,817

5 1/2% Senior Notes, due March 1, 2025, net of debt issuance costs of $21,513 and $23,527 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively
1,778,487

 
1,776,473

 
3,168,959

 
3,165,499

Current portion of long-term debt

 

 
$
3,168,959

 
$
3,165,499


5 3/8% First Mortgage Notes due 2022

In March 2012, Wynn Las Vegas, LLC and Wynn Capital (together, the "Issuers") issued, in a private offering, $900 million aggregate principal amount of 5 3/8% First Mortgage Notes due 2022 (the "2022 Notes"). A portion of the proceeds was used to repay all amounts outstanding under the Wynn Las Vegas, LLC term loan facilities. In October 2012, the Issuers commenced an offer to exchange all of the 2022 Notes for notes registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The exchange offer closed on November 6, 2012. Interest is due on the 2022 Notes on March 15th and September 15th of each year. Commencing March 15, 2017, the 2022 Notes are redeemable at the Issuers' option at a price equal to 102.7% of the principal amount redeemed and the premium over the principal amount declines ratably on March 15th of each year thereafter to zero on or after March 15, 2022. The 2022 Notes are senior obligations of the Issuers and are unsecured (except by the first priority pledge by WLVH of its equity interests in Wynn Las Vegas, LLC). The Issuers' obligations under the 2022 Notes rank pari passu in right of payment with the 2023 Notes and 2025 Notes (each as defined below). The 2022 Notes are not guaranteed by any of the Company's subsidiaries. If the Issuers undergo a change of control, they must offer to repurchase the 2022 Notes at 101% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest. The indenture governing the 2022 Notes (the "2022 Indenture") contains customary negative covenants and financial covenants, including, but not limited to, covenants that restrict the Company's ability to: pay dividends or distributions or repurchase equity; incur additional debt; make investments; create liens on assets to secure debt; enter into transactions with affiliates; enter into sale-leaseback transactions; merge or consolidate with another company; and transfer and sell assets or create dividend and other payment restrictions affecting subsidiaries.


44

WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)




4 1/4% Senior Notes due 2023

In May 2013, the Issuers completed the issuance of $500 million aggregate principal amount of 4 1/4% Senior Notes due 2023 (the "2023 Notes") pursuant to an indenture, dated as of May 22, 2013 (the "2023 Indenture"), among the Issuers, the Guarantors (as defined below) and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee. The 2023 Notes were issued at par. The Issuers used the net proceeds from the 2023 Notes to cover the cost of purchasing the previously issued notes that were to mature in November 2017. In addition, the Issuers satisfied and discharged the indenture governing the 7 7/8% First Mortgage Notes due 2017 (the "2017 Notes") and, in November 2013, used the remaining net proceeds to redeem any and all of the 2017 Notes not previously tendered.

The 2023 Notes will mature on May 30, 2023 and bear interest at the rate of 4 1/4% per annum. The Issuers may, at their option, redeem the 2023 Notes, in whole or in part, at any time or from time to time prior to their stated maturity. The redemption price for the 2023 Notes that are redeemed before February 28, 2023 will be equal to the greater of (a) 100% of the principal amount of the 2023 Notes to be redeemed or (b) a "make-whole" amount described in the 2023 Indenture, plus in either case accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including, the redemption date. The redemption price for the 2023 Notes that are redeemed on or after February 28, 2023 will be equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2023 Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including, the redemption date. In the event of a change of control triggering event, the Issuers will be required to offer to repurchase the 2023 Notes at 101% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest to but not including the repurchase date. The 2023 Notes are also subject to mandatory redemption requirements imposed by gaming laws and regulations of gaming authorities in Nevada.

The 2023 Notes are the Issuers' senior unsecured obligations and rank pari passu in right of payment with the Issuers' 2022 Notes and 2025 Notes (as defined below). The 2023 Notes are unsecured (except by the first priority pledge by WLVH of its equity interests in Wynn Las Vegas, LLC). Such equity interests in Wynn Las Vegas, LLC also secure the Issuers' 2022 Notes and 2025 Notes. If Wynn Resorts receives an investment grade rating from one or more ratings agencies, the first priority pledge securing the 2023 Notes will be released.

The 2023 Notes are jointly and severally guaranteed by all of the Issuers' subsidiaries, other than Wynn Capital, which was a co-issuer (the "Guarantors"). The guarantees are senior unsecured obligations of the Guarantors and rank senior in right of payment to all of their existing and future subordinated debt. The guarantees rank equally in right of payment with all existing and future liabilities of the Guarantors that are not so subordinated and will be effectively subordinated in right of payment to all of such Guarantors' existing and future secured debt (to the extent of the collateral securing such debt).

The 2023 Indenture contains covenants limiting the Issuers' and the Guarantors' ability to create liens on assets to secure debt; enter into sale-leaseback transactions; and merge or consolidate with another company. These covenants are subject to a number of important and significant limitations, qualifications and exceptions.

Events of default under the 2023 Indenture include, among others, the following: default for 30 days in the payment of interest when due on the 2023 Notes; default in payment of the principal when due, or premium, if any, on the 2023 Notes; failure to comply with certain covenants in the 2023 Indenture; and certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency. In the case of an event of default arising from certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency with respect to the Issuers or any Guarantor, all 2023 Notes then outstanding will become due and payable immediately without further action or notice.

5 1/2% Senior Notes due 2025

On February 18, 2015, the Issuers completed the issuance of $1.8 billion aggregate principal amount of 5 1/2% Senior Notes due March 1, 2025 (the "2025 Notes") pursuant to an indenture, dated as of February 18, 2015 (the "2025 Indenture"), among the Issuers, all the Issuers' subsidiaries (other than Wynn Capital, which was a co-issuer) and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee. The 2025 Notes were issued at par. The Company used the net proceeds from the 2025 Notes to cover the cost of purchasing the 7 7/8% First Mortgage Notes due May 1, 2020 (the "7 7/8% 2020 Notes") and the 7 3/4% First Mortgage Notes due August 15, 2020 (the "7 3/4% 2020 Notes" and together with the 7 7/8% 2020 Notes, the "2020 Notes") and for general corporate purposes.

The 2025 Notes will mature on March 1, 2025 and bear interest at the rate of 5 1/2% per annum. The Issuers may, at their option, redeem the 2025 Notes, in whole or in part, at any time or from time to time prior to their stated maturity. The redemption price for 2025 Notes that are redeemed before December 1, 2024 will be equal to the greater of (a) 100% of the

45

WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)




principal amount of the 2025 Notes to be redeemed and (b) a "make-whole" amount described in the 2025 Indenture, plus in either case accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but not including, the redemption date. The redemption price for the 2025 Notes that are redeemed on or after December 1, 2024 will be equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2025 Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but not including, the redemption date. In the event of a change of control triggering event, the Issuers will be required to offer to repurchase the 2025 Notes at 101% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but not including the repurchase date. The 2025 Notes also are subject to mandatory redemption requirements imposed by gaming laws and regulations of gaming authorities in Nevada.
The 2025 Notes are the Issuers' senior unsecured obligations and rank pari passu in right of payment with the Issuers' outstanding 2022 Notes and 2023 Notes (together, the "Existing Notes"). The 2025 Notes are unsecured (except by the first priority pledge by WLVH of its equity interests in Wynn Las Vegas, LLC), effectiveness of which is subject to the prior approval of the Nevada gaming authorities. Such equity interests in Wynn Las Vegas, LLC also secure the Existing Notes. If Wynn Resorts receives an investment grade rating from one or more ratings agencies, the first priority pledge securing the 2025 Notes will be released.
The 2025 Notes are jointly and severally guaranteed by all of the Issuers' subsidiaries. The guarantees are senior unsecured obligations and rank senior in right of payment to all of their existing and future subordinated debt. The guarantees rank equally in right of payment with all existing and future liabilities of the Issuers' subsidiaries that are not so subordinated and will be effectively subordinated in right of payment to all of such existing and future secured debt (to the extent of the collateral securing such debt).
The 2025 Indenture contains covenants limiting the Issuers' and the Guarantors', ability to create liens on assets to secure debt, enter into sale-leaseback transactions and merge or consolidate with another company. These covenants are subject to a number of important and significant limitations, qualifications and exceptions.
Events of default under the 2025 Indenture include, among others, the following: default for 30 days in the payment of interest when due on the 2025 Notes; default in payment of the principal when due, or premium, if any, on the 2025 Notes; failure to comply with certain covenants in the 2025 Indenture; and certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency. In the case of an event of default arising from certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency with respect to the Issuers or Issuers' subsidiaries (as guarantors), other than Wynn Capital, all 2025 Notes then outstanding will become due and payable immediately without further action or notice.

The 2023 Notes and 2025 Notes were offered pursuant to an exemption under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"). The 2023 and 2025 Notes were offered only to qualified institutional buyers in reliance on Rule 144A under the Securities Act or outside the United States to certain persons in reliance on Regulation S under the Securities Act. The 2023 Notes and 2025 Notes have not been and will not be registered under the Securities Act of 1933 or under any state securities laws. Therefore, the 2023 and 2025 Notes may not be offered or sold within the United States to, or for the account or benefit of, any United States person unless the offer or sale would qualify for a registration exemption from the Securities Act and applicable state securities laws.

First Mortgage Notes due 2020

On February 10, 2015, the Issuers commenced a cash tender offer for any and all of the outstanding aggregate principal amounts of the 2020 Notes. The premium portion of the aggregate total consideration was $101.2 million and was recorded as a loss on extinguishment of debt in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss). In connection with the cash tender, the Company expensed $17.3 million of unamortized deferred financing costs and original issue discount related to the 2020 Notes and incurred other fees of $0.1 million that are included in loss on extinguishment of debt in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).

On May 1, 2015, the Company redeemed the remaining $71.1 million principal amount of the untendered 7 7/8% 2020 Notes. The Company recorded a loss for the premium portion of the consideration of $2.8 million and expensed $1.0 million of unamortized deferred financing costs and original discount that are included in loss on extinguishment of debt in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).

On August 15, 2015, the Company redeemed the remaining $80.1 million principal amount of the untendered 7 3/4% 2020 Notes. The Company recorded a loss for the premium portion of the consideration of $3.1 million and expensed $0.8

46

WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)




million of unamortized deferred financing costs that are included in loss on extinguishment of debt in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).

During the year ended December 31, 2014, Wynn Las Vegas, LLC repurchased and canceled $98.4 million in principal, plus interest, of the 2020 Notes through the open market. The Company incurred $9.6 million in expenses associated primarily with the premium paid for the repurchases and unamortized deferred financing costs included in loss on extinguishment of debt in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).

Cross Claim

As described in Note 8 "Commitments and Contingencies," on June 19, 2012, Elaine Wynn asserted a cross claim against Stephen A. Wynn and Aruze seeking a declaration that (1) any and all of Elaine Wynn's duties under the Stockholders Agreement shall be discharged; (2) the Stockholders Agreement is subject to rescission and is rescinded; (3) the Stockholders Agreement is an unreasonable restraint on alienation in violation of public policy; and/or (4) the restrictions on sale of shares shall be construed as inapplicable to Elaine Wynn. On March 28, 2016, Elaine Wynn filed an amended cross claim which added Wynn Resorts and Wynn Resorts' General Counsel (together with Stephen A. Wynn, the "Wynn Cross Defendants") as cross defendants. On May 5, 2016, the court granted Wynn Resorts' and Wynn Resorts' General Counsel's motions to dismiss. The 2023 Indenture provides that if Stephen A. Wynn ("Mr. Wynn"), together with certain related parties, in the aggregate beneficially owns a lesser percentage of the outstanding common stock of Wynn Resorts than are beneficially owned by any other person, a change of control will have occurred. The 2025 Indenture provides that if any event constitutes a "change of control" under the 2023 Indenture, it will constitute a change of control under the 2025 Indenture. If the Stockholders Agreement is determined not to be enforceable pursuant to Elaine Wynn's cross claim, Mr. Wynn would not beneficially own or control Elaine Wynn's shares, which could increase the likelihood that a change in control may occur under the Wynn Las Vegas, LLC debt documents. Under the 2023 Indenture and the 2025 Indenture, if a change of control occurs and within 60 days after that occurrence, the 2023 Notes or the 2025 Notes, as applicable, are rated below investment grade by both rating agencies that rate such notes, the Company is required to make an offer to each applicable holder to repurchase all or any part of such holder's notes at a purchase price equal to 101% of the aggregate principal amount thereof plus accrued and unpaid interest on the notes purchased, if any, to the date of repurchase (unless the notes have been previously called for redemption). Mr. Wynn is continuing to oppose Elaine Wynn's cross claim.

Debt Covenant Compliance

As of December 31, 2016, management believes the Company was in compliance with all debt covenants.

Fair Value of Long-term Debt

The estimated fair value of the Company's long-term debt as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 was approximately $3.18 billion and $2.93 billion, respectively, compared to its carrying value, excluding debt issuance costs, of $3.20 billion. The estimated fair value of the Company's long-term debt is based on recent trades, if available and indicative pricing from market information (Level 2 inputs).

Scheduled Maturities of Long-Term Debt

As of December 31, 2016, the Company's long-term debt of $3.20 billion is scheduled for maturity in 2022 and thereafter.

Note 6 - Related Party Transactions, net

Amounts Due to Affiliates, net

The Company periodically settles net amounts due to affiliates with cash payments. As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company's net current due to affiliates of $19.0 million and $7.3 million, respectively, are primarily comprised of management fees, license fees, and corporate allocations.


47

WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)




Management fee and corporate allocations

In February 2015, the Company entered into a new corporate support services agreement with Wynn Resorts and terminated the prior agreement. Wynn Resorts provides the Company legal, accounting, human resources, information technology services, real estate, and other corporate support services. The corporate support service allocations have been determined on a basis that Wynn Resorts and the Company consider to be reasonable estimates of the utilization of service provided or the benefit received by the Company. Wynn Resorts maintains corporate offices at Wynn Las Vegas without charge from the Company. Under the agreement, the Company also pays a management fee of 1.5% of net revenues. During the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, $39.1 million, $42.2 million and $59.5 million, respectively, were charged to the Company.

Intellectual property

Under an agreement with Wynn Resorts and a wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn Resorts, the Company licenses certain intellectual property, including certain trademarks, domain names, copyrights and service marks in connection with a variety of goods and services. In February 2015, the Company entered into a license agreement, which requires payment of fees equal to 1.5% of gross monthly revenues so long as the original license agreement is in effect and not terminated, and 3.0% subsequent to termination of the original license agreement. As of December 31, 2016, the original agreement is in effect and not terminated. During the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, $26.8 million and $22.6 million, respectively, in license fees were charged to the Company.

Retail services agreement

In December 2016, in connection with the distribution of the majority of the Company’s retail net assets, the Company entered into a retail services agreement with Wynn Retail, LLC ("Wynn Retail"), a wholly owned subsidiary of Wynn Resorts, to provide services to Wynn Retail to support retail operations at Wynn Las Vegas. See Note 9 "Member's Equity" for discussion of the retail net assets distribution. Under the agreement, the allocation of costs have been determined on a basis that Wynn Retail and the Company consider to be reasonable estimates of the utilization of services provided by the Company. During the year ended December 31, 2016, the amount charged by Wynn Las Vegas for services under the agreement was immaterial.

Amounts Due to Officers, net

The Company periodically provides services to Stephen A. Wynn, Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and one of the principal stockholders of Wynn Resorts, and certain other executive officers and directors of Wynn Resorts. These services include household services, construction work and other personal services. The cost of these services is transferred to Wynn Resorts on a periodic basis. Mr. Wynn and these other officers and directors have amounts on deposit with Wynn Resorts to prepay any such items, which are replenished on an ongoing basis as needed.

Villa Lease

Mr. Wynn currently leases property at Wynn Las Vegas for use as his personal residence and pays the Company annual rent at its fair market value of the accommodations based on an independent third-party expert opinion of value. Pursuant to the 2013 Second Amended and Restated Agreement of Lease, as amended (the "Second A&R Lease"), Mr. Wynn leased three fairway villas as his personal residence and paid $525,000 per year from November 5, 2013 through February 28, 2015, and $559,295 per year from March 1, 2015 through November 3, 2016. In December 2016, Mr. Wynn and Wynn Las Vegas replaced the Second A&R Lease with a Third Amended and Restated Agreement of Lease, which was effective November 3, 2016 (the "Third A&R Lease"), to reduce the space leased to Mr. Wynn as his personal residence and to adjust the annual rent paid to $305,680 per year. The lease, including each amendment and restatement, have been approved by the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors of Wynn Resorts and provides that Wynn Las Vegas, LLC pays for all capital improvements to the villas; certain services for, and maintenance of, the villas are included in the annual rent; and the annual rent will be re-determined every two years during the term of the lease.  


48

WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)




The "Wynn" Surname Rights Agreement

On August 6, 2004, Holdings entered into agreements with Mr. Wynn that confirm and clarify Holding's rights to use the "Wynn" surname and Mr. Wynn's persona in connection with casino resorts. Under the parties' Surname Rights Agreement, Mr. Wynn granted Holdings an exclusive, fully paid-up, perpetual, worldwide license to use, and to own and register trademarks and service marks incorporating the "Wynn" surname for casino resorts and related businesses, together with the right to sublicense the name and marks to its affiliates. Under the parties' Rights of Publicity License, Mr. Wynn granted Holdings the exclusive, royalty-free, worldwide right to use his full name, persona and related rights of publicity for casino resorts and related businesses, together with the ability to sublicense the persona and publicity rights to its affiliates, until October 24, 2017. Holdings has sub-licensed rights to the "Wynn" name, persona and marks to the Company.

Golf Course Lease

On September 18, 2012, the Company distributed to Wynn Resorts, the Wynn Las Vegas golf course land and the related water rights. Commencing September 18, 2012, the Company leases approximately 140 acres (upon which the golf course is located) and water rights from Wynn Resorts. The term of this lease is on a month-to-month basis provided, however, that either party may terminate this lease by providing written notice of such termination to the other party no later than 30 days prior to the expiration of any monthly period. The combined rental value for both the golf course land and the water rights is $598,000 per month.

Las Vegas Jet, LLC

On September 30, 2014, the Company distributed its equity interest of $3.6 million in Las Vegas Jet, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary, to Wynn Resorts. The distribution resulted in a reduction to the Company's contributed capital on its Consolidated Balance Sheets. Las Vegas Jet, LLC provides pilot and other aviation services with respect to several aircraft owned by wholly owned subsidiaries of Wynn Resorts.

Note 7 - Benefit Plans

Employee Savings Plan

Wynn Resorts established a retirement savings plan under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code covering its non-union employees in July 2000. The plan allows employees to defer, within prescribed limits, a percentage of their income on a pre-tax basis through contributions to this plan. The Company matches 50% of employee contributions, up to 6% of employees' eligible compensation, with a one-time annual matching cap per employee of $1,200, and $750 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. There was no matching cap per employee for the year ended December 31, 2016. The Company recorded expenses related to these matching contributions of $5.3 million, $3.0 million and $1.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Multi-employer pension plan

Wynn Las Vegas, LLC contributes to a multi-employer defined benefit pension plan for certain of its union employees under the terms of the Southern Nevada Culinary and Bartenders Union collective-bargaining agreement. The collective-bargaining agreement that covers these union-represented employees was set to expire in July 2015. An extension was in place until February 2017 when the Company entered into a new collective bargaining agreement, which expires July 2021. The legal name of the multi-employer pension plan is the Southern Nevada Culinary and Bartenders Pension Plan (the "Plan") (EIN: 88-6016617 Plan Number: 1). The Company recorded expenses of $9.3 million, $9.4 million and $9.2 million for contributions to the Plan for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. For the 2015 plan year, the most recent for which plan data is available, the Company's contributions were identified by the Plan to exceed 5% of total contributions for that year. Based on the information we received from the Plan, it was certified to be in neither endangered nor critical status for the 2015 plan year. Risks of participating in a multi-employer plan differ from single-employer plans for the following reasons: (1) assets contributed to a multi-employer plan by one employer may be used to provide benefits to employees of other participating employers; (2) if a participating employer stops contributing to the plan, the unfunded obligations of the plan may be borne by the remaining participating employers; and (3) if a participating employer stops participating, it may be required to pay those plans an amount based on the underfunded status of the plan, referred to as a withdrawal liability.


49

WYNN LAS VEGAS, LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
(A WHOLLY OWNED INDIRECT SUBSIDIARY OF WYNN RESORTS, LIMITED)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)




Stock-Based Compensation

Wynn Resorts established the 2002 Stock Incentive Plan (the "Stock Plan"), which provides for the grant of (i) Incentive Stock Options, (ii) compensatory (i.e. nonqualified) stock options, and (iii) nonvested shares of Wynn Resorts' common stock for employees, directors and independent contractors or consultants of Wynn Resorts and its subsidiaries, including the Company. However, only employees are eligible to receive incentive stock options.

On May 16, 2014, Wynn Resorts adopted the Wynn Resorts, Limited 2014 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the "Omnibus Plan") after approval from its stockholders. The Omnibus Plan allows for the grant of stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, performance awards and other share-based awards to the same eligible participants as the Stock Plan. Under the approval of the Omnibus Plan, no new awards may be made under the Stock Plan. The outstanding awards under the Stock Plan were transferred to the Omnibus Plan and will remain pursuant to their existing terms and related award agreements. Wynn Resorts reserved 4,409,390 shares of its common stock for issuance under the Omnibus Plan. These shares were transferred from the remaining available amount under the Stock Plan.

The Omnibus Plan is administered by the Compensation Committee (the "Committee") of the Wynn Resorts Board of Directors. The Committee has discretion under the Omnibus Plan regarding which type of awards to grant, the vesting and service requirements, exercise price and other conditions, in all cases subject to certain limits. For stock options, the exercise price of stock options must be at least equal to the fair market value of the stock on the date of grant and the maximum term of such an award is 10 years.

The total compensation cost relating to stock options and nonvested stock for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 is allocated as follows (in thousands):
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Casino
$
1,353

 
$
1,077

 
$
1,967

Food and beverage
81

 
107

 
107

General and administrative
1,631

 
1,608

 
2,268

Total stock-based compensation expense
$
3,065

 
$
2,792

 
$
4,342


Certain members of the Company's executive management team receive a portion of their annual incentive bonus in shares of Wynn Resorts' stock. The number of shares is determined based on the closing price on the date the annual incentive bonus is settled. As the number of shares is variable, the Company records a liability for the fixed monetary amount over the service period. For the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company recorded $1.3 million of stock-based compensation expense associated with these awards. Wynn resorts settled this obligation by issuing immediately vested shares in January 2017.

Note 8 - Commitments and Contingencies

Leases

The Company is the lessee under leases for certain buildings and office equipment. As of December 31, 2016, the Company was obligated under non-cancelable operating leases, to make future minimum lease payments as follows (in thousands):
Years Ending December 31,
 
 
2017
 
$
3,196

2018
 
3,224

2019
 
2,946

2020
 
2,373

2021
 
2,276