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EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - VILLAGE SUPER MARKET INCvlgea2016730-ex312.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - VILLAGE SUPER MARKET INCvlgea2016730-ex322.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - VILLAGE SUPER MARKET INCvlgea2016730-ex321.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - VILLAGE SUPER MARKET INCvlgea2016730-ex311.htm
EX-23 - EXHIBIT 23 - VILLAGE SUPER MARKET INCvlgea2016730-ex23.htm
EX-21 - EXHIBIT 21 - VILLAGE SUPER MARKET INCvlgea2016730-ex21.htm
EX-14 - EXHIBIT 14 - VILLAGE SUPER MARKET INCvlgea2016730-ex14.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES & EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D. C. 20549 
FORM 10-K
Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934.
 
For the fiscal year ended: July 30, 2016
 
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER:   0-33360
VILLAGE SUPER MARKET, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
NEW JERSEY
22-1576170
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I. R. S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
733 MOUNTAIN AVENUE, SPRINGFIELD, NEW JERSEY
07081
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
 
REGISTRANT'S TELEPHONE NUMBER, INCLUDING AREA CODE: (973) 467-2200
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
 
Class A common stock, no par value
The NASDAQ Stock Market
(Title of Class)
(Name of exchange on which registered)
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  NONE
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  o   No  ý
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No  ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  ý   No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  ý   No  o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§299.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer o
 
Accelerated filer x
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  o   No  ý
The aggregate market value of the Class A common stock of Village Super Market, Inc. held by non-affiliates was approximately $172.3 million and the aggregate market value of the Class B common stock held by non-affiliates was approximately $0.4 million based upon the closing price of the Class A shares on the NASDAQ on January 23, 2016, the last business day of the second fiscal quarter.  There are no other classes of voting stock outstanding.
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant's classes of common stock, as of latest practicable date.
 
Outstanding at
Class
October 12, 2016
 
 
Class A common stock, no par value
9,843,625 Shares
Class B common stock, no par value
4,319,256 Shares
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Information contained in the 2016 definitive Proxy Statement to be filed with the Commission and delivered to security holders in connection with the Annual Meeting scheduled to be held on December 16, 2016 are incorporated by reference into this Form 10-K at Part II, Item 5 and Part III.




PART I
(All dollar amounts are in thousands, except per share and per square foot data).

ITEM I.   BUSINESS
 
GENERAL
 
Village Super Market, Inc. (the “Company” or “Village”) was founded in 1937.   Village operates a chain of 29 ShopRite supermarkets, eighteen of which are located in northern New Jersey, eight in southern New Jersey, two in Maryland and one in northeastern Pennsylvania.   The Company is a member of Wakefern Food Corporation ("Wakefern"), the nation's largest retailer-owned food cooperative and owner of the ShopRite name.  This relationship provides Village many of the economies of scale in purchasing, distribution, private label products, advanced retail technology, marketing and advertising associated with chains of greater size and geographic coverage.
 
Village seeks to generate high sales volume by offering a wide variety of high quality products at consistently low prices with superior customer service.  During fiscal 2016, sales per store were $56,376 and sales per average square foot of selling space were $1,208.  The Company gives ongoing attention to the décor and format of its stores and tailors each store's product mix to the preferences of the local community.  Village competes by using low pricing, superior customer service, and a broad range of consistently available quality products, including ShopRite private labeled products.  The ShopRite Price Plus card also strengthens customer loyalty.
 
The remodel and expansion of the Stirling, New Jersey store to 68,000 sq. ft. was completed in October 2015. On April 30, 2014, Village opened a 59,000 sq. ft. store in Union, New Jersey that replaced our existing 40,000 sq. ft. store in Union.  On November 6, 2013, Village opened a 77,000 sq. ft. store in Hanover Township, New Jersey that serves the greater Morristown area and replaced the 40,000 sq. ft. Morris Plains store.  

Below is a summary of the range of store sizes at July 30, 2016:
 
Total Square Feet
Number of Stores
 
 
Greater than 60,000
15
50,001 to 60,000
7
40,000 to 50,000
5
Less than 40,000
2
Total
29
 
These larger store sizes enable the Company’s stores to provide a “one-stop” shopping experience and to feature expanded higher margin specialty departments such as an on-site bakery, an expanded delicatessen, a variety of natural and organic foods, ethnic and international foods, prepared foods and pharmacies.  Many of our stores emphasize a Power Alley, which features high margin, fresh, convenience offerings in an area within the store that provides quick customer entry and exit for those customers shopping for today's lunch or dinner. Certain of our stores include the Village Food Garden concept, featuring a restaurant style kitchen and several kiosks offering a wide variety of store prepared specialty foods for both take-home and in-store dining.
 
Village also has on-site registered dieticians in fifteen stores that provide customers with free, private consultations on healthy meals and proper nutrition, as well as leading health related events both in store and in the community as part of the Live Right with ShopRite program.  Expanded services such as a culinary classroom, fitness studio and a learning and childcare center have been incorporated into certain new and expanded stores.
 
We have thirteen stores that offer ShopRite from Home covering most of the communities served by our stores.  ShopRite from Home is an online ordering system that provides for in-store pickup or home delivery.  Customers can browse our circular, create and edit shopping lists and use ShopRite from Home through shoprite.com or on their smart phones or tablets through the ShopRite app.  




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The following table shows the percentage of the Company's sales allocable to various product categories during each of the periods indicated:
 
Product Categories
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Groceries
36.1
%
 
36.4
%
 
37.0
%
Dairy and Frozen
17.0

 
17.3

 
17.5

Produce
12.1

 
11.7

 
11.8

Meats
10.2

 
10.6

 
10.5

Non-Foods
8.4

 
8.2

 
8.1

Deli and Prepared Food
6.8

 
6.7

 
6.3

Pharmacy
4.5

 
4.2

 
4.1

Seafood
2.4

 
2.4

 
2.4

Bakery
2.1

 
2.1

 
2.1

Liquor
0.4

 
0.4

 
0.2

 
100
%
 
100
%
 
100
%
 
A variety of factors affect the profitability of each of the Company's stores, including competition, size, access and parking, lease terms, management supervision, and the strength of the ShopRite trademark in the local community.  Village continually evaluates individual stores to determine if they should be closed, remodeled or replaced.
 
DEVELOPMENT AND EXPANSION
 
The Company has an ongoing program to upgrade and expand its supermarket chain.  This program has included store remodels as well as the opening or acquisition of additional stores.  When remodeling, Village has sought, whenever possible, to increase the amount of selling space in its stores.
 
Village has budgeted $25 million for capital expenditures for fiscal 2017.  Planned expenditures include the beginning of construction of a new store in the Bronx, New York, one major remodel, several smaller remodels and certain energy efficient lighting projects.
 
In fiscal 2016, Village completed the expansion and remodel of the Stirling, New Jersey store, substantially completed one major remodel and completed several smaller remodels.

In fiscal 2015, Village completed a substantial portion of the expansion and remodel of the Stirling, New Jersey store and completed several smaller remodels.

In fiscal 2014, Village completed the construction of a replacement store in Union, New Jersey, and a replacement store in Hanover Township, New Jersey that serves the greater Morristown area and replaced the Morris Plains, New Jersey store.  
 
In fiscal 2013, Village began construction of the replacement store in Hanover Township, New Jersey and completed three major remodels.
 
In fiscal 2012, Village completed several smaller remodels and the installation of solar panels on one store.  In addition, on January 29, 2012, Village acquired the store fixtures, lease and other assets of the ShopRite in Old Bridge, New Jersey.
 
Additional store remodels and sites for new stores are in various stages of development.  Village will also consider additional acquisitions should appropriate opportunities arise.
 
WAKEFERN FOOD CORPORATION
 
The Company is the second largest member of Wakefern and owns 13.2% of Wakefern’s outstanding stock as of July 30, 2016.  Wakefern, which was organized in 1946, is the nation’s largest retailer-owned food cooperative.  Wakefern and its 49 shareholder members operate 336 supermarkets and other retail formats, including 94 stores operated by Wakefern.  Only Wakefern and its members are entitled to use the ShopRite name and trademark, and to participate in ShopRite advertising and promotional programs.

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The principal benefits to the Company from its relationship with Wakefern are the use of the ShopRite name and trademark, volume purchasing, ShopRite private label products, distribution and warehousing economies of scale, ShopRite advertising and promotional programs (including the ShopRite Price Plus card) and the development of advanced retail technology.  The Company believes that the ShopRite name is widely recognized by its customers and is a factor in their decisions about where to shop. ShopRite private label products accounted for approximately 11.8% of sales in fiscal 2016.
 
Wakefern distributes as a "patronage dividend" to each of its stockholders a share of substantially all of its earnings in proportion to the dollar volume of purchases by the stockholder from Wakefern during each fiscal year.
 
While Wakefern has a substantial professional staff, it operates as a member owned cooperative.  Executives of most members make contributions of time to the business of Wakefern.  Executives of the Company spend a significant amount of their time working on various Wakefern committees, which oversee and direct Wakefern purchasing, merchandising and other programs.  In addition, Nicholas Sumas, the Company’s Chief Marketing Officer, is a member of the Wakefern Board of Directors.
 
Most of the Company's advertising is developed and placed by Wakefern's professional advertising staff.  Wakefern is responsible for all television, radio and major newspaper advertisements. Wakefern bills its members using various formulas which allocate advertising costs in accordance with the estimated proportional benefits to each member from such advertising.  The Company also places Wakefern developed materials with local newspapers.  In addition, Wakefern and its affiliates provide the Company with other services including liability and property insurance, supplies, certain equipment purchasing, coupon processing, certain financial accounting applications, retail technology support, including shoprite.com and the ShopRite smart phone app, and other store services.
 
Wakefern operates warehouses and distribution facilities in Elizabeth, Keasbey, Whitehouse, Dayton, Newark and Jamesburg, New Jersey and Gouldsboro and Breinigsville, Pennsylvania.  The Company and all other members of Wakefern are parties to the Wakefern Stockholders' Agreement which provides for certain commitments by, and restrictions on, all shareholders of Wakefern.  This agreement extends until ten years from the date that stockholders representing 75% of Wakefern sales notify Wakefern that those stockholders request the Wakefern Stockholders' Agreement be terminated.  Each member is obligated to purchase from Wakefern a minimum of 85% of its requirements for products offered by Wakefern.  If this purchase obligation is not met, the member is required to pay Wakefern's profit contribution shortfall attributable to this failure.  The Company fulfilled this obligation in fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014.  This agreement also requires that in the event of unapproved changes in control of the Company or a sale of the Company or of individual Company stores, except to a qualified successor, the Company in such cases must pay Wakefern an amount equal to the annual profit contribution shortfall attributable to the sale of a store or change in control.  No payments are required if the volume lost by a shareholder as a result of the sale of a store is replaced by such shareholder by increased volume in existing or new stores.  A "qualified successor" must be, or agree to become, a member of Wakefern, and may not own or operate any supermarkets, other than ShopRite supermarkets, in the states of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine or the District of Columbia, or own or operate more than 25 non-ShopRite supermarkets in any other locations in the United States.
 
Wakefern, under circumstances specified in its bylaws, may refuse to sell merchandise to, and may repurchase the Wakefern stock of, any member.  Such circumstances include a member's bankruptcy filing, certain unapproved transfers by a member of its supermarket business or its capital stock in Wakefern, unapproved acquisition by a member of certain supermarket or grocery wholesale supply businesses, the material breach by a member of any provision of the bylaws of Wakefern or any agreement with Wakefern, or a failure to fulfill financial obligations to Wakefern.
 
Any material change in Wakefern's method of operation or a termination or material modification of the Company's relationship with Wakefern following termination of the above agreements, or otherwise, might have an adverse impact on the conduct of the Company's business and could involve additional expense for the Company.  The failure of any Wakefern member to fulfill its obligations under these agreements or a member's insolvency or withdrawal from Wakefern could result in increased costs to remaining members.
 
Wakefern does not prescribe geographical franchise areas to its members.  The specific locations at which the Company, other members of Wakefern, or Wakefern itself, may open new units under the ShopRite, PriceRite and The Fresh Grocer names are, however, subject to the approval of Wakefern's Site Development Committee.  This committee is composed of persons who are not employees or members of Wakefern.  Committee decisions to deny a site application may be appealed to the Wakefern Board of Directors.  Wakefern assists its members in their site selection by providing appropriate demographic data, volume projections and estimates of the impact of the proposed store on existing member supermarkets in the area.
 

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Each of Wakefern's members is required to make capital contributions to Wakefern based on the number of stores operated by that member and the purchases from Wakefern generated by those stores.  As additional stores are opened or acquired by a member, additional capital must be contributed by it to Wakefern.  The Company’s investment in Wakefern and affiliates was $26,467 at July 30, 2016.  The total amount of debt outstanding from all capital pledges to Wakefern is $718 at July 30, 2016.  The maximum per store capital contribution increased from $875 to $900 in fiscal 2016, resulting in an additional $717 capital pledge, which was paid in fiscal 2016.

As required by the Wakefern bylaws, the Company’s investment in Wakefern is pledged to Wakefern to secure the Company’s obligations to Wakefern.  In addition, five members of the Sumas family have guaranteed the Company’s obligations to Wakefern.  These personal guarantees are required of any 5% shareholder of the Company who is active in the operation of the Company.  Wakefern does not own any securities of the Company or its subsidiaries.  The Company’s investment in Wakefern entitles the Company to enough votes to elect one member to the Wakefern Board of Directors due to cumulative voting rights.
 
TECHNOLOGY
 
The Company considers automation and information technology important to its operations and competitive position. Electronic payment options are offered at all checkout locations.  In recent years, we have upgraded our communication network, which is used for secure, reliable, high speed processing of electronic payments and transmission of data.
 
The Company’s commitment to advanced point of sale and communication systems enables it to participate in Price Plus, ShopRite’s preferred customer program.  Customers receive electronic discounts by presenting a scannable Price Plus card.  This technology also enables Village to offer continuity programs, focus on target marketing initiatives and to attach digital coupons directly to a customer's Price Plus card. 
 
Wakefern and Village have responded to customers' increased use of the internet by creating a smart phone app and shoprite.com to provide weekly advertising and other shopping information.  On-line shopping is available in thirteen stores, with store pick-up and delivery options servicing our current market.  
 
Eighteen stores use self-checkout systems to provide improved customer service, especially during peak periods, and reduce operating costs.   RFID readers are installed in all checkout lanes to enable contactless payment options for customers to quicken checkout times. Certain in-store department records are computerized, including the records of all pharmacy departments.  In all stores, meat, seafood, delicatessen, and bakery prices are maintained on computer for automatic weighing and pricing. 
 
Village utilizes a computer generated ordering system, which is designed to reduce inventory levels and out of stock conditions, enhance shelf space utilization, and reduce labor costs. This system is also utilized to reduce the cost of taking periodic inventories. The Company utilizes a direct store delivery system, consisting of personal computers and advanced hand held scanners, for product not purchased through Wakefern to provide equivalent cost and retail price control over these products.
 
Village seeks to design its stores to use energy efficiently, including recycling waste heat generated by refrigeration equipment for heating and other purposes.  Most stores utilize computerized energy management systems.  The Company has solar panels on the roof of two stores, reducing both carbon emissions and energy costs.  
 
The Company has installed computer based training systems in all stores to assist in the training of associates.  Village utilizes a time and attendance system and labor scheduling system to improve scheduling and reduce labor. Automated cash handling systems are utilized in the store back office to improve accuracy and reduce costs.
 
Village uses digital surveillance systems that are integrated with the cashier monitoring systems in all stores to aid shrink reduction, increase productivity and assist in accident investigations.  These systems include electronic monitoring of the bottom of carts to reduce shrink.
 
The Company utilizes a division of Wakefern for data processing services, including financial accounting support.
 
COMPETITION
 
The supermarket industry is highly competitive and characterized by narrow profit margins.  The Company competes directly with multiple retail formats both in-store and online, including national, regional and local supermarket chains as well as warehouse clubs, supercenters, drug stores, discount general merchandise stores, fast food chains, restaurants, dollar stores and convenience stores.
 

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Some of the Company's principal competitors include Stop & Shop, Acme, Kings, Wal-Mart, Target, Wegmans, Whole Foods, Costco, BJ’s, Giant, Safeway, Weis and Foodtown.  Some of these competitors have financial resources substantially greater than those of the Company, and some are non-union.

SEASONALITY
 
The majority of our revenues are generally not seasonal in nature. However, revenues tend to be higher during the major holidays throughout the year.

LABOR
 
As of July 30, 2016, the Company employed approximately 6,544 persons with approximately 75% working part-time.  Approximately 92% of the Company’s employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements. Contracts with the Company’s seven unions have expiration dates between June 2015 and October 2020.  Approximately 13% of our associates are represented by unions whose contracts have expired or will expire within one year.  Most of the Company’s competitors are similarly unionized.
 
AVAILABLE INFORMATION
 
As a member of the Wakefern cooperative, Village relies upon our customer focused website, shoprite.com, for interaction with customers and prospective employees.  This website is maintained by Wakefern for the benefit of all ShopRite supermarkets, and therefore does not contain any financial information related to the Company.
 
The Company will provide paper copies of the annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and press releases free of charge upon request to any shareholder.  In addition, electronic copies of these filings can be obtained at sec.gov.
 
REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
 
The Company’s business requires various licenses and the registration of facilities with state and federal health and drug regulatory agencies.  These licenses and registration requirements obligate the Company to observe certain rules and regulations, and a violation of these rules and regulations could result in a suspension or revocation of licenses or registrations and fines or penalties.  In addition, most licenses require periodic renewals.  The Company has not experienced material difficulties with respect to obtaining or retaining licenses and registrations. 
 
ITEM 1A.   RISK FACTORS
 
COMPETITIVE ENVIRONMENT
 
The supermarket business is highly competitive and characterized by narrow profit margins.  Results of operations may be materially adversely impacted by competitive pricing and promotional programs, industry consolidation and competitor store openings.  Village competes directly with multiple retail formats both in-store and online, including national, regional and local supermarket chains as well as warehouse clubs, supercenters, drug stores, discount general merchandise stores, fast food chains, restaurants, dollar stores and convenience stores. Competition with these outlets is based on price, store location, convenience, promotion, product assortment, quality and service.  Some of these competitors have greater financial resources, lower merchandise acquisition costs and lower operating expenses than we do.  
 
GEOGRAPHIC CONCENTRATION AND NEW TRADE AREA
 
The Company’s stores are concentrated in New Jersey, with two stores in Maryland and one in northeastern Pennsylvania. We are vulnerable to economic downturns in New Jersey in addition to those that may affect the country as a whole.  Economic conditions such as inflation, deflation, interest rate fluctuations, movements in energy costs, social programs, minimum wage legislation, unemployment rates and changing demographics may adversely affect our sales and profits.  Further, since our store base is concentrated in densely populated metropolitan areas, opportunities for future store expansion may be limited, which may adversely affect our business and results of operations.
 

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Village acquired two stores in July 2011 in Maryland, a new market for Village where the ShopRite name is less known than in New Jersey. While we continue to invest in marketing and promotional programs to build market share, sales trends for our Maryland stores deteriorated in fiscal 2016 and remain worse than initially projected. If these trends continue, the performance of our Maryland stores may negatively impact the Company's results of operations.
 
WAKEFERN RELATIONSHIP
 
Village purchases substantially all of its merchandise from Wakefern.  In addition, Wakefern provides the Company with support services in numerous areas including advertising, liability and property insurance, supplies, certain equipment purchasing, coupon processing, certain financial accounting applications, retail technology support, and other store services.  Further, Village receives patronage dividends and other product incentives from Wakefern.
 
Any material change in Wakefern’s method of operation or a termination or material modification of Village’s relationship with Wakefern could have an adverse impact on the conduct of the Company’s business and could involve additional expense for Village.  The failure of any Wakefern member to fulfill its obligations to Wakefern or a member’s insolvency or withdrawal from Wakefern could result in increased costs to the Company.  Additionally, an adverse change in Wakefern’s results of operations could have an adverse effect on Village’s results of operations.

LABOR RELATIONS
 
Approximately 92% of the Company’s employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements with unions. Contracts with the Company’s seven unions have expiration dates between June 2015 and October 2020.  Approximately 13% of our associates are represented by unions whose contracts have expired or will expire within one year.  In future negotiations with labor unions, we expect that rising health care and pension costs, among other issues, will continue to be important topics for negotiation.  Upon the expiration of our collective bargaining agreements, work stoppages by the affected workers could occur if we are unable to negotiate acceptable contracts with labor unions.  This could significantly disrupt our operations or have an adverse impact on our financial results.  Further, if we are unable to control health care and pension costs provided for in collective bargaining agreements, we may experience increased operating costs and an adverse impact on our results of operations.
 
FOOD SAFETY
 
The Company could be adversely affected if consumers lose confidence in the safety and quality of the food supply chain.  Adverse publicity about these types of concerns, whether or not valid, could discourage consumers from buying our products.  The real or perceived sale of contaminated food products by us could result in a loss of consumer confidence and product liability claims, which could have a material adverse effect on our sales and operations.
 
MULTI-EMPLOYER PENSION PLANS
 
The Company is required to make contributions to multi-employer pension plans in amounts established under collective bargaining agreements.  Pension expense for these plans is recognized as contributions are funded.  Benefits generally are based on a fixed amount for each year of service.   Based on the most recent information available to us, certain of these multi-employer plans are underfunded.  As a result, we expect that contributions to these plans may increase.  Additionally, the benefit levels and related items will be issues in the negotiation of our collective bargaining agreements.  Under current law, an employer that withdraws or partially withdraws from a multi-employer pension plan may incur a withdrawal liability to the plan, which represents the portion of the plan’s underfunding that is allocable to the withdrawing employer under complex actuarial and allocation rules.  The failure of a withdrawing employer to fund these obligations can impact remaining employers.   The amount of any increase or decrease in our required contributions to these multi-employer pension plans will depend upon the outcome of collective bargaining, actions taken by trustees who manage the plans, government regulations and the actual return on assets held in the plans, among other factors. See Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for more information relating to our participation in multi-employer pension plans.
 
IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS
 
Our long-lived assets, primarily store property, equipment and fixtures, are subject to periodic testing for impairment. Failure of our asset groups to achieve sufficient levels of cash flow could result in impairment charges on long-lived assets.
 
TAXES
 
The Company’s effective tax rate may be impacted by the results of tax examinations and changes in tax laws.

6



 
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
 
Wakefern provides all members of the cooperative with information system support that enables us to effectively manage our business data, customer transactions, inventory management, communications and other business processes.  These information systems are subject to damage or interruption from power outages, computer or telecommunications failures, computer viruses and related malicious software, catastrophic weather events, or human error.  Any material interruption of our or Wakefern’s information systems could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations.

Due to the nature of our business, personal information about our customers, vendors and associates is received and stored in these information systems.  In addition, confidential information is transmitted through our ShopRite from Home online business at shoprite.com and through the ShopRite app.  Unauthorized parties may attempt to access information stored in or to sabotage or disrupt these systems.  Wakefern and the Company maintain substantial security measures to prevent and detect unauthorized access to such information, including utilizing third-party service providers for monitoring our networks, security reviews, and other functions.  It is possible that computer hackers, cyber terrorists and others may be able to defeat the security measures in place at the Company, Wakefern or those of third-party service providers.
 
Any breach of these security measures and loss of confidential information, which could be undetected for a period of time, could damage our reputation with customers, vendors and associates, cause Wakefern and Village to incur significant costs to protect any customers, vendors and associates whose personal data was compromised, cause us to make changes to our information systems and could result in government enforcement actions and litigation against Wakefern and/or Village from outside parties.  Any such breach could have a material adverse impact on our operations, consolidated financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity if the related costs to Wakefern and Village are not covered by or are in excess of carried insurance policies.  In addition, a security breach could require Wakefern and Village to devote significant management resources to address problems created by the security breach and restore our reputation.
 
ITEM 1B.   UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
 
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 2.   PROPERTIES

As of July 30, 2016, Village owns the sites of six of its supermarkets (containing 412,000 square feet of total space), all of which are freestanding stores, except the Egg Harbor store, which is part of a shopping center.  The remaining 23 supermarkets (containing 1,305,000 square feet of total space) and the corporate headquarters are leased, with initial lease terms generally ranging from 20 to 30 years, usually with renewal options.  Sixteen of these leased stores are located in shopping centers and the remaining seven are freestanding stores.  In October 2015, the Company sold the land and building of a closed store in Washington, New Jersey for $900.
 
The annual rent, including capitalized leases and closed stores, for all of the Company's leased facilities for the year ended July 30, 2016 was approximately $17,060.
 
Village is a limited partner in two partnerships, one of which owns a shopping center in which one of our leased stores is located.  The Company is also a general partner in a partnership that is a lessor of one of the Company's freestanding stores.
 
ITEM 3.   LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

In prior years, the state of New Jersey issued two separate tax assessments related to nexus beginning in fiscal 2000 and the deductibility of certain payments between subsidiaries beginning in fiscal 2002.  The Company had contested both of these assessments through the state’s conference and appeals process and Tax Court. On February 27, 2015, the Company reached an agreement with the New Jersey Division of Taxation (the "Division") whereby the Company paid $33,000 in March 2015 to settle the disputes with the Division for fiscal years 2000 through 2014. The dispute and related settlement with the Division is described in Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Superstorm Sandy devastated our area on October 29, 2012 and resulted in the closure of almost all of our stores for periods of time ranging from a few hours to eight days. Village disposed of substantial amounts of perishable product and also incurred repair, labor and other costs as a result of the storm. The Company has property, casualty and business interruption insurance, subject to deductibles and coverage limits. During fiscal 2013, Wakefern began the process of working with our insurers to recover the damages and Village recorded estimated insurance recoveries of $4,913. In October 2013, Wakefern, as the policy holder, filed

7



suit against the carrier seeking payment of the remaining claims due for all Wakefern members. The suit was the result of different interpretations of policy terms, including whether the policy's named storm deductible applied. On October 29, 2014, the Court issued its opinion on the matter in favor of the carrier. Based on this decision and its related impact, the Company concluded that recovery of further proceeds was not probable and recorded a $2,270 charge to Operating and administrative expense in the first quarter of fiscal 2015 to write-off the remaining insurance receivable. Wakefern continues to pursue further recovery of uncollected amounts from the carrier and other sources. As a result, the Company received an additional $940 in insurance proceeds in February 2016 which was recognized as a reduction in Operating and administrative expense in fiscal 2016. Any further proceeds recovered will be recognized as they are received. As of July 30, 2016, Village has collected $3,583.

The Company is involved in other litigation incidental to the normal course of business. Company management is of the opinion that the ultimate resolution of these legal proceedings should not have a material adverse effect on the consolidated financial position, results of operations or liquidity of the Company.

8



PART II
 
ITEM 5.   MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
(All dollar amounts are in thousands, except per share data).
 
Stock Price and Dividend Information
 
The Class A common stock of Village Super Market, Inc. is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “VLGEA.” The table below sets forth the high and low last reported sales price for the fiscal quarter indicated.

2016
High
 
Low
4th Quarter
$
31.64

 
$
24.40

3rd Quarter
26.51

 
23.54

2nd Quarter
27.45

 
23.43

1st Quarter
29.36

 
23.61

2015
High
 
Low
4th Quarter
$
33.98

 
$
28.31

3rd Quarter
34.35

 
27.56

2nd Quarter
29.40

 
23.90

1st Quarter
26.33

 
19.22

 
As of October 1, 2016, there were approximately 780 holders of Class A common stock.
 
During fiscal 2016, Village paid cash dividends of $12,634.  Dividends in fiscal 2016 consist of $1.00 per Class A common share and $.65 per Class B common share.

During fiscal 2015, Village paid cash dividends of $12,577.  Dividends in fiscal 2015 consist of $1.00 per Class A common share and $.65 per Class B common share.

 



9



Performance Graph
 
Set forth below is a graph comparing the cumulative total return on the Company’s Class A stock against the cumulative total return of the S&P 500 Composite Stock Index and the NASDAQ Retail Trade index for the Company’s last five fiscal years. The comparison assumes $100 was invested on July 31, 2011, in shares of our common stock and in each of the indices shown and assumes that all of the dividends were reinvested.


vlgea20167_chart-12935.jpg
 
*$100 invested on July 31, 2011
Assumes dividends are reinvested
Fiscal years ending July 31
 
 
Jul-11
 
Jul-12
 
Jul-13
 
Jul-14
 
Jul-15
 
Jul-16
Village Super Market, Inc.
$
100

 
$
135

 
$
149

 
$
99

 
$
125

 
$
143

S&P 500
$
100

 
$
109

 
$
136

 
$
160

 
$
177

 
$
187

NASDAQ Retail Trade
$
100

 
$
111

 
$
142

 
$
148

 
$
209

 
$
233



10



ITEM 6.   SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
 
Selected Financial Data
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data and per square foot data).
 
Fiscal 2016 contains 53 weeks, with the additional week included in the fourth quarter. All other fiscal years contain 52 weeks.
 
For year
July 30,
2016
 
July 25,
2015
 
July 26,
2014
 
July 27,
2013
 
July 28,
2012
 
Sales
$
1,634,904

 
$
1,583,789

 
$
1,518,636

 
$
1,476,457

 
$
1,422,243

 
Net income
25,044

(1)
30,620

(2
)
5,045

(3
)
25,784

(4
)
31,445

(5
)
Net income as a % of sales
1.53
%
 
1.93
%
 
0.33
%
 
1.75
%
 
2.21
%
 
Net income per share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Class A common stock:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Basic
$
1.98

 
$
2.44

 
$
0.41

 
$
2.18

 
$
2.74

 
Diluted
1.77

 
2.16

 
0.36

 
1.85

 
2.28

 
Class B common stock:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Basic
1.29

 
1.58

 
0.26

 
1.36

 
1.78

 
Diluted
1.29

 
1.58

 
0.26

 
1.36

 
1.77

 
Cash dividends per share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Class A
1.000

 
1.000

 
1.000

 
2.000

 
0.850

 
Class B
0.650

 
0.650

 
0.650

 
1.300

 
0.553

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
At year-end
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Total assets
$
450,254

 
$
431,889

 
$
457,412

 
$
427,412

 
$
409,538

 
Long-term debt
43,561

 
44,425

 
45,242

 
42,738

 
43,149

 
Working capital
60,538

 
41,760

 
16,782

 
94,299

 
71,672

 
Shareholders’ equity
271,735

 
252,767

 
233,136

 
244,560

 
230,311

 
Book value per share
19.20

 
17.84

 
16.59

 
17.66

 
16.74

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other data
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Same store sales increase (6)
1.4
%
 
2.1
%
 
0.2
%
 
2.9
%
 
4.9
%
 
Total square feet
1,717,000

 
1,717,000

 
1,700,000

 
1,644,000

 
1,644,000

 
Average total sq. ft. per store
59,000

 
59,000

 
59,000

 
57,000

 
57,000

 
Selling square feet
1,353,000

 
1,353,000

 
1,339,000

 
1,295,000

 
1,295,000

 
Sales per average square foot of selling space
$
1,208

 
$
1,177

 
$
1,153

 
$
1,140

 
$
1,112

 
Number of stores
29

 
29

 
29

 
29

 
29

 
Sales per average number of stores
$
56,376

 
$
54,613

 
$
52,367

 
$
50,912

 
$
49,903

 
Capital expenditures and acquisitions
19,971

 
23,517

 
50,322

 
21,888

 
20,852

 
 
(1) Includes estimated net income of $280 due to the fiscal year including a 53rd week and a $545 (net of tax) gain due to the recovery of insurance receivables related to Superstorm Sandy.
(2) Includes a charge to write-off insurance receivables related to Superstorm Sandy of $1,340 (net of tax), a $316 (net of tax) impairment charge related to the property of a closed store and a tax benefit of $6,452 related to settlement of the New Jersey tax dispute, net of interest and penalties accrued prior to settlement.
(3) Includes a $10,052 charge related to tax positions taken in prior years due to an unfavorable ruling by the New Jersey Tax Court, a higher tax rate due to $1,557 of accrued interest and penalties related to the New Jersey tax dispute, a charge for future

11



lease obligations due to the closure of the Morris Plains and Union stores of $2,551 (net of tax) and pre-opening costs for the replacement stores in greater Morristown and Union of $1,141 (net of tax). 
(4) Includes income from a partnership distribution of $840 (net of tax), income from the national credit card lawsuit of $693 (net of tax) and a charge for the settlement of a landlord dispute of $376 (net of tax).
(5) Includes the favorable settlement of a withdrawal liability from a multi-employer pension plan of $374 (net of tax).
(6) The increase in same store sales in fiscal 2016 excludes the impact of the 53rd week.

Unaudited Quarterly Financial Data
(Dollars in thousands except per share amounts).
 
 
First
Quarter
 
Second
Quarter
 
Third
Quarter
 
Fourth
Quarter (1)
 
Fiscal
Year
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales
$
389,529

 
$
420,170

 
$
387,905

 
$
437,300

 
$
1,634,904

Gross profit
105,487

 
112,726

 
106,738

 
120,079

 
445,030

Net income
4,430

 
6,284

 
5,882

 
8,448

 
25,044

Net income per share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Class A common stock:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
0.35

 
0.50

 
0.47

 
0.67

 
1.98

Diluted
0.31

 
0.44

 
0.42

 
0.60

 
1.77

Class B common stock:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
0.23

 
0.32

 
0.30

 
0.43

 
1.29

Diluted
0.23

 
0.32

 
0.30

 
0.43

 
1.29

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Sales
$
379,744

 
$
411,191

 
$
387,100

 
$
405,754

 
$
1,583,789

Gross profit
102,803

 
111,126

 
107,098

 
112,088

 
433,115

Net income
3,879

 
6,603

 
13,206

 
6,932

 
30,620

Net income per share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Class A common stock:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
0.31

 
0.53

 
1.05

 
0.55

 
2.44

Diluted
0.27

 
0.47

 
0.93

 
0.49

 
2.16

Class B common stock:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
0.20

 
0.34

 
0.68

 
0.36

 
1.58

Diluted
0.20

 
0.34

 
0.68

 
0.36

 
1.58


(1) The Fourth Quarter of fiscal 2016 contains 14 weeks.

ITEM 7.   MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
(Dollars in thousands, except per share and per square foot data).
 
OVERVIEW
 
Village Super Market, Inc. (the “Company” or “Village”) operates a chain of 29 ShopRite supermarkets in New Jersey, Maryland and northeastern Pennsylvania. On November 6, 2013, Village opened a 77,000 sq. ft. store in Hanover Township, New Jersey that serves the greater Morristown area and replaced the 40,000 sq. ft. Morris Plains store.  On April 30, 2014, Village opened a 59,000 sq. ft. store in Union, New Jersey and closed our existing 40,000 sq. ft. store. The remodel and expansion of the Stirling, New Jersey store to 68,000 sq. ft. was completed in October 2015.
 
Village is the second largest member of Wakefern Food Corporation (“Wakefern”), the nation’s largest retailer-owned food cooperative and owner of the ShopRite name. This ownership interest in Wakefern provides Village with many of the economies of scale in purchasing, distribution, advanced retail technology, marketing and advertising associated with larger chains.

12



 
The Company’s stores, six of which are owned, average 59,000 total square feet. These larger store sizes enable the Company’s stores to provide a “one-stop” shopping experience and to feature expanded higher margin specialty departments such as an on-site bakery, an expanded delicatessen, a variety of natural and organic foods, ethnic and international foods, prepared foods and pharmacies.  During fiscal 2016, sales per store were $56,376 and sales per average square foot of selling space were $1,208. Management believes these figures are among the highest in the supermarket industry. 
 
The supermarket industry is highly competitive and characterized by narrow profit margins.  The Company competes directly with multiple retail formats both in-store and online, including national, regional and local supermarket chains as well as warehouse clubs, supercenters, drug stores, discount general merchandise stores, fast food chains, restaurants, dollar stores and convenience stores. Village competes by using low pricing, superior customer service, and a broad range of consistently available quality products (including ShopRite private labeled products). The ShopRite Price Plus card also strengthens customer loyalty.

Many of our stores emphasize a Power Alley, which features high margin, fresh, convenience offerings in an area within the store that provides quick customer entry and exit for those customers shopping for today's lunch or dinner. Certain of our stores include the Village Food Garden concept, featuring a restaurant style kitchen and several kiosks offering a wide variety of store prepared specialty foods for both take-home and in-store dining.  Village also has on-site registered dieticians in fifteen stores that provide customers with free, private consultations on healthy meals and proper nutrition, as well as leading health related events both in store and in the community as part of the Live Right with ShopRite program.  Wakefern and Village have responded to customers' increased use of the internet by creating a smart phone app and shoprite.com to provide weekly advertising and other shopping information.  In addition, on-line shopping is available in thirteen stores with store pick-up and delivery options servicing our current market.
 
We consider a variety of indicators to evaluate our performance, such as same store sales; percentage of total sales by department (mix); shrink; departmental gross profit percentage; sales per labor hour; units per labor hour; and hourly labor rates.
 
The Company utilizes a 52 - 53 week fiscal year, ending on the last Saturday in the month of July. Fiscal 2016 contains 53 weeks. Fiscal 2015 and 2014 contain 52 weeks.
 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
The following table sets forth the components of the Consolidated Statements of Operations of the Company as a percentage of sales:
 
 
July 30, 2016
 
July 25, 2015
 
July 26, 2014
Sales
100.00
 %
 
100.00
 %
 
100.00
 %
Cost of sales
72.78
 %
 
72.65
 %
 
73.10
 %
Gross profit
27.22
 %
 
27.35
 %
 
26.90
 %
Operating and administrative expense
23.04
 %
 
23.13
 %
 
23.47
 %
Depreciation and amortization
1.47
 %
 
1.47
 %
 
1.47
 %
Operating income
2.71
 %
 
2.75
 %
 
1.96
 %
Interest expense
(0.27
)%
 
(0.29
)%
 
(0.24
)%
Interest income
0.15
 %
 
0.15
 %
 
0.17
 %
Income before income taxes
2.59
 %
 
2.61
 %
 
1.89
 %
Income taxes
1.06
 %
 
0.68
 %
 
1.56
 %
Net income
1.53
 %
 
1.93
 %
 
0.33
 %
 
SALES
 
Sales were $1,634,904 in fiscal 2016, an increase of $51,115, or 3.2% from the prior year. Sales increased $29,233, or 1.8%, due to fiscal 2016 containing 53 weeks. Same store sales, excluding the impact of the 53rd week, increased 1.4%. Same store sales increased due to the closing of two competitor stores and continued sales growth in the expanded or replaced stores in Stirling, Greater Morristown and Union. These increases were partially offset by six new competitor store openings, including stores formerly operated by A&P. New stores and replacement stores are included in same store sales in the quarter after the store has been in operation for four full quarters.  Store renovations and expansions are included in same store sales immediately.

13



 
Sales were $1,583,789 in fiscal 2015, an increase of $65,153, or 4.3% from the prior year. Sales increased due to the opening of the greater Morristown replacement store on November 6, 2013 and the Union replacement store on April 30, 2014.  Same store sales increased 2.1% due to improved sales in the greater Morristown replacement store in its second year of operations, higher average transaction size and increased customer counts.

GROSS PROFIT
 
Gross profit as a percentage of sales decreased .13% in fiscal 2016 compared to the prior year primarily due to decreased departmental gross margin percentages (.21%) and increased warehouse assessment charges from Wakefern (.04%). These decreases were partially offset by lower promotional spending (.07%), improved mix (.02%) and higher patronage dividends (.02%).

Gross profit as a percentage of sales increased .45% in fiscal 2015 compared to the prior year primarily due to lower promotional spending (.23%), increased departmental gross margin percentages (.23%) and decreased warehouse assessment charges from Wakefern (.06%). These increases were partially offset by lower patronage dividends (.06%).
 
OPERATING AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSE
 
Operating and administrative expense as a percentage of sales decreased .09% in fiscal 2016 compared to the prior year. As described in note 9 to the consolidated financial statements, fiscal 2015 includes a charge to write-off all remaining Superstorm Sandy insurance receivables (.14%) and fiscal 2016 includes a gain related to recovery of a portion of those receivables (.06%). Excluding these items from both periods, Operating and administrative expense as a percentage of sales increased .11% due primarily to higher claim costs in our self-insured medical plan (.11%) and legal and consulting fees (.13%). These increases were partially offset by lower workers compensation costs (.14%).
 
Operating and administrative expense as a percentage of sales decreased .34% in fiscal 2015 compared to the prior year primarily due to lower payroll (.11%) and advertising spending (.05%). Payroll decreased primarily due to sales growth and increased payroll efficiency in the greater Morristown store in its second year of operations. In addition, the prior year included charges for future lease obligations resulting from the closures of the Morris Plains and Union stores (.29%) and pre-opening costs for the greater Morristown and Union replacement stores (.13%). These decreases were partially offset by a charge to write-off all remaining insurance receivables related to Superstorm Sandy (.14%) and increased workers compensation costs (.11%).

DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION
 
Depreciation and amortization expense was $24,101, $23,330 and $22,274 in fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Depreciation and amortization expense increased in fiscal 2016 and 2015 compared to the prior years due to depreciation related to capital expenditures.
 
INTEREST EXPENSE
 
Interest expense was $4,495, $4,535 and $3,602, in fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Interest expense was flat in fiscal 2016 compared to fiscal 2015. Interest expense increased in fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014 primarily due to capitalized interest costs of $600 in fiscal 2014.
 
INTEREST INCOME
 
Interest income was $2,506, $2,399 and $2,622 in fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Interest income increased in fiscal 2016 compared to fiscal 2015 due primarily to higher interest rates earned on investments and higher amounts invested. Interest income declined in fiscal 2015 as compared to fiscal 2014 due to lower amounts invested.
 
INCOME TAXES
 
The Company’s effective income tax rate was 40.8%, 26.0% and 82.5% in fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
 
Income taxes in fiscal 2015 include a tax benefit of $6,452 related to the settlement with the New Jersey Division of Taxation, net of $841 of interest and penalties accrued prior to settlement. Income taxes in fiscal 2014 included a $10,052 charge related to tax positions taken in prior years as a result of the unfavorable ruling by the New Jersey Tax Court and a higher tax rate due to $1,557 of interest and penalties related to the New Jersey tax dispute. Excluding these items from both fiscal years, the effective income

14



tax rate was 41.6% in fiscal 2015 as compared to 42.2% in fiscal 2014. The decrease in the effective income tax rate in fiscal 2016 is due primarily to increased Work Opportunity Tax Credits.

The dispute and related settlement with the New Jersey Division of Taxation is described in Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

NET INCOME
 
Net income was $25,044 in fiscal 2016 compared to $30,620 in fiscal 2015.  Fiscal 2016 includes estimated net income of $280 due to the fiscal year including a 53rd week and a $545 (net of tax) gain due to the recovery of insurance receivables related to Superstorm Sandy. Fiscal 2015 includes a charge to write-off all remaining insurance receivables related to Superstorm Sandy of $1,340 (net of tax), a $316 (net of tax) impairment charge related to the property of a closed store and a tax benefit of $6,452 related to settlement of the New Jersey tax dispute, net of interest and penalties accrued prior to settlement. Excluding these items from both periods, net income decreased 6% in fiscal 2016 compared to the prior year primarily due to a lower gross profit percentage and higher operating and administrative expense.

Net income was $30,620 in fiscal 2015 compared to $5,045 in fiscal 2014. Fiscal 2015 includes a charge to write-off all remaining insurance receivables related to Superstorm Sandy of $1,340 (net of tax), a $316 (net of tax) impairment charge related to the property of a closed store, and a tax benefit of $6,452 related to settlement of the New Jersey tax dispute, net of interest and penalties accrued in fiscal 2015 prior to settlement. Fiscal 2014 includes a $10,052 charge related to tax positions taken in prior years as a result of the unfavorable ruling by the New Jersey Tax Court, a higher tax rate due to $1,557 of accrued interest and penalties related to the New Jersey tax dispute, a charge for future lease obligations due to the closure of the Morris Plains and Union stores of $2,551 (net of tax) and pre-opening costs for the replacement stores in greater Morristown and Union of $1,141 (net of tax).  Excluding these items from both fiscal years, net income in fiscal 2015 increased 27% compared to the prior year primarily due to the impact of the greater Morristown and Union replacement stores, the 2.1% same store sales increase and higher gross margin percentages.
 
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Critical accounting policies are those accounting policies that management believes are important to the portrayal of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations. These policies require management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain.
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
IMPAIRMENT
 
The Company reviews the carrying values of its long-lived assets, such as property, equipment and fixtures for possible impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of assets may not be recoverable. Such review analyzes the undiscounted estimated future net cash flows from asset groups at the store level to determine if the carrying value of such assets are recoverable from their respective cash flows. If impairment is indicated, it is measured by comparing the fair value of the long-lived asset groups to their carrying value.
 
Goodwill is tested for impairment at the end of each fiscal year, or more frequently if circumstances dictate. The Company utilizes valuation techniques, such as earnings multiples, in addition to the Company’s market capitalization, to assess goodwill for impairment. Calculating the fair value of a reporting unit requires the use of estimates. Management believes the fair value of Village’s one reporting unit exceeds its carrying value at July 30, 2016. Should the Company’s carrying value of its one reporting unit exceed its fair value, the amount of any resulting goodwill impairment may be material to the Company’s financial position and results of operations.
 

15



PATRONAGE DIVIDENDS
 
As a stockholder of Wakefern, Village earns a share of Wakefern’s earnings, which are distributed as a “patronage dividend.” This dividend is based on a distribution of substantially all of Wakefern’s operating profits for its fiscal year (which ends on or about September 30) in proportion to the dollar volume of purchases by each member from Wakefern during that fiscal year. Patronage dividends are recorded as a reduction of cost of sales as merchandise is sold. Village accrues estimated patronage dividends due from Wakefern quarterly based on an estimate of the annual Wakefern patronage dividend and an estimate of Village’s share of this annual dividend based on Village’s estimated proportional share of the dollar volume of business transacted with Wakefern that year. The patronage dividend receivable based on these estimates were $13,185 and $12,831 at July 30, 2016 and July 25, 2015, respectively.

PENSION PLANS
 
The determination of the Company’s obligation and expense for Company-sponsored pension plans is dependent, in part, on Village’s selection of assumptions used by actuaries in calculating those amounts. These assumptions are described in Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements and include, among others, the discount rate, the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets and the rate of increase in compensation costs. Actual results that differ from the Company’s assumptions are accumulated and amortized over future periods and, therefore, generally affect recognized expense in future periods. While management believes that its assumptions are appropriate, significant differences in actual experience or significant changes in the Company’s assumptions may materially affect cash flows, pension obligations and future expense.
 
The objective of the discount rate assumption is to reflect the rate at which the Company’s pension obligations could be effectively settled based on the expected timing and amounts of benefits payable to participants under the plans. Our methodology for selecting the discount rate as of July 30, 2016 was to match the plans' cash flows to that of a yield curve on high-quality fixed-income investments. Based on this method, we utilized a weighted-average discount rate of 3.08% at July 30, 2016 compared to 4.02% at July 25, 2015. Changes in the discount rate and the mortality table utilized increased the projected benefit obligation by approximately $9,758 at July 30, 2016. Village evaluated the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets of 7.5% and the expected increase in compensation costs of 4 to 4.5% and concluded no changes in these assumptions were necessary in estimating pension plan obligations and expense.
 
Sensitivity to changes in the major assumptions used in the calculation of the Company’s pension plans is as follows:
 
 
Percentage
 point change
 
Projected benefit
 obligation
decrease
 (increase)
 
Expense
decrease
 (increase)
Discount rate
+ / - 1.0 %
 
$
11,363

$
(14,520
)
 
$
439

$
(512
)
Expected return on assets
+ / - 1.0 %
 
$


 
$
486

$
(486
)

Village contributed $3,524 and $6,203 in fiscal 2016 and 2015, respectively, to these Company-sponsored pension plans. Village expects to contribute $3,000 in fiscal 2017 to these plans. The 2015 contributions include $3,113 in benefit payments related to the unfunded, non-qualified supplemental benefit plan. Substantially all other contributions in 2016 and 2015 are voluntary contributions.
 
UNCERTAIN TAX POSITIONS
 
The Company is subject to periodic audits by various taxing authorities. These audits may challenge certain of the Company’s tax positions such as the timing and amount of deductions and the allocation of income to various tax jurisdictions. Accounting for these uncertain tax positions requires significant management judgment.  Actual results could materially differ from these estimates and could significantly affect the effective tax rate and cash flows in future years.

On February 27, 2015, the Company reached an agreement with the New Jersey Division of Taxation to settle the disputes related to nexus and the deductibility of certain payments between subsidiaries for fiscal years 2000 through 2014. See Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.
 


16



RECENTLY ADOPTED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

Effective April 24, 2016, the Company early adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") ASU 2015-17, "Income Taxes (Topic 740): Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes," which requires all deferred tax assets and liabilities to be classified as noncurrent on the balance sheet. Current deferred tax liabilities of $2,013 have been reclassified from accounts payable and accrued expenses to other assets in the consolidated balance sheet as of July 25, 2015 to conform with the ASU.

RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” which provides guidance for revenue recognition. The standard’s core principle is that a company will recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact of ASU No. 2014-09 on its financial statements.

In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-02, "Consolidation (Topic 810): Amendments to the Consolidations Analysis", which changes the guidance for evaluating whether to consolidate certain legal entities. Specifically, the amendments modify the evaluation of whether limited partnerships and similar legal entities are variable interest entities ("VIEs") or voting interest entities. Further, the amendments eliminate the presumption that a general partner should consolidate a limited partnership, as well as affect the consolidation analysis of reporting entities that are involved with VIEs, particularly those that have fee arrangements and related party relationships. The updated guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted. Companies have an option of using either a full retrospective or modified retrospective adoption approach. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2015-02 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases." This guidance requires lessees to recognize lease liabilities and a right-of-use asset for all leases with terms of more than 12 months on the balance sheet. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018, with earlier adoption permitted. ASU 2016-02 requires a modified retrospective approach for all leases existing at, or entered into after the date of initial adoption. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-02 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, "Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting." The guidance changes several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment award transactions, including accounting for income taxes, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2016, with earlier adoption permitted. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-09 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

LIQUIDITY and CAPITAL RESOURCES
 
CASH FLOWS
 
Net cash provided by operating activities was $64,101 in fiscal 2016 compared to $17,468 in fiscal 2015 and $52,447 in fiscal 2014. Net cash provided by operating activities was generated primarily by changes in working capital and net income adjusted for non-cash expenses including depreciation and amortization, share-based compensation, deferred taxes and the provision to value inventories at LIFO.

The decrease in non-cash items in fiscal 2016, compared to fiscal 2015, was primarily due to the impact on deferred taxes in fiscal 2015 resulting from the $33,000 settlement with the New Jersey Division of Taxation. The increase in non-cash items in fiscal 2015, compared to fiscal 2014, was also primarily due to the impact on deferred taxes in fiscal 2015 resulting from the $33,000 settlement with the New Jersey Division of Taxation and increases in depreciation and amortization.

Working capital changes increased (decreased) net cash provided by operating activities by $12,002, $(54,616) and $30,163 in fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Working capital changes in income taxes receivable/payable, merchandise inventories, accounts payable to Wakefern and accrued wages and benefits increased cash provided by operating activities in fiscal 2016 compared to fiscal 2015. Working capital changes in income taxes receivable/payable, accounts payable to Wakefern and accrued wages and benefits decreased cash provided by operating activities in fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014. The decrease in income taxes receivable/payable in fiscal 2015 was due primarily to the $33,000 settlement with the New Jersey Division of Taxation.
 

17



During fiscal 2016, Village used cash to fund capital expenditures of $19,971, dividends of $12,634 and invested an additional $1,314 in notes receivable from Wakefern. Capital expenditures primarily includes costs associated with the completion of the remodel and expansion of the Stirling, New Jersey store, one major remodel and several smaller remodels of other existing stores. In October 2015, Village sold the land and building of a closed store in Washington, New Jersey for $900.
  
During fiscal 2015, Village used cash to fund capital expenditures of $23,517, dividends of $12,577 and invested an additional $823 in notes receivable from Wakefern. Capital expenditures primarily include costs associated with the major remodel and expansion of the Stirling, New Jersey store and smaller remodels of other existing stores.

During fiscal 2014, Village used cash to fund capital expenditures of $50,322, dividends of $12,432 and $18,177 of additional investments in notes receivable from Wakefern. Capital expenditures include the construction of the greater Morristown and Union replacement stores.
 
LIQUIDITY and DEBT
 
Working capital was $60,538, $41,760, and $16,782 at July 30, 2016, July 25, 2015 and July 26, 2014, respectively. Working capital ratios at the same dates were 1.61, 1.44, and 1.11 to one, respectively.  The increase in working capital in fiscal 2016 compared to fiscal 2015 is due primarily to operating cash flows in excess of capital expenditures and dividends. The increase in working capital in fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014 is due primarily to operating cash flows and the favorable settlement with the New Jersey Division of Taxation in relation to amounts accrued. The Company’s working capital needs are reduced, since inventories are generally sold by the time payments to Wakefern and other suppliers are due.
 
Village has budgeted approximately $25,000 for capital expenditures in fiscal 2017.  Planned expenditures include the beginning of construction of a new store in the Bronx, New York, one major remodel, several smaller remodels and certain energy efficient lighting projects. The Company’s primary sources of liquidity in fiscal 2017 are expected to be cash and cash equivalents on hand at July 30, 2016 and operating cash flow generated in fiscal 2017.
 
At July 30, 2016, the Company had $42,735 in notes receivable due from Wakefern. Half of these notes earn interest at the prime rate plus .25% and mature on August 15, 2017 and half earn interest at the prime rate plus 1.25% and mature on February 15, 2019. Wakefern has the right to prepay these notes at any time. Under certain conditions, the Company can require Wakefern to prepay the notes, although interest earned since inception would be reduced as if it was earned based on overnight money market rates as paid by Wakefern on demand deposits.

At July 30, 2016, Village had demand deposits invested at Wakefern in the amount of $63,609. These deposits earn overnight money market rates.

Village has an unsecured revolving credit agreement providing a maximum amount available for borrowing of $25,000.  This loan agreement expires on December 31, 2017. The revolving credit line can be used for general corporate purposes. Indebtedness under this agreement bears interest at the prime rate, or at the Eurodollar rate, at the Company’s option, plus applicable margins based on the Company’s fixed charge coverage ratio. There were no amounts outstanding at July 30, 2016 or July 25, 2015 under this facility.
 
The revolving loan agreement contains covenants that, among other conditions, require a maximum liabilities to tangible net worth ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio and a positive net income. At July 30, 2016, the Company was in compliance with all terms and covenants of the revolving loan agreement.
 
During fiscal 2016, Village paid cash dividends of $12,634.  Dividends in fiscal 2016 consist of $1.00 per Class A common share and $.65 per Class B common share.

During fiscal 2015, Village paid cash dividends of $12,577.  Dividends in fiscal 2015 consist of $1.00 per Class A common share and $.65 per Class B common share.
 








18



CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS AND COMMITMENTS
 
The table below presents significant contractual obligations of the Company at July 30, 2016:
 
 
Payments due by fiscal period
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020
 
2021
 
Thereafter
 
Total
Capital and financing leases (2)
$
4,875

 
$
4,959

 
$
5,001

 
$
5,173

 
$
5,240

 
$
59,596

 
$
84,844

Operating leases (2)
10,763

 
10,383

 
8,552

 
7,197

 
5,871

 
38,711

 
81,477

Notes payable to Wakefern
341

 
285

 
92

 

 

 

 
718

 
$
15,979

 
$
15,627

 
$
13,645

 
$
12,370

 
$
11,111

 
$
98,307

 
$
167,039

 
(1)
In addition, the Company is obligated to purchase 85% of its primary merchandise requirements from Wakefern (see Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements).
(2)
The above amounts for capital, financing and operating leases include interest, but do not include certain obligations under these leases for other charges. These charges consisted of the following in fiscal 2016: Real estate taxes - $5,011; common area maintenance - $2,790; insurance - $314; and contingent rentals - $929.
(3)
Pension plan funding requirements are excluded from the above table as estimated contribution amounts for future years are uncertain. Future contributions will be determined by, among other factors, actual investment performance of plan assets, interest rates required to be used to calculate pension obligations, and changes in legislation. The Company expects to contribute $3,000 in fiscal 2017 to fund Company-sponsored defined benefit pension plans compared to actual contributions of $3,524 in fiscal 2016. The table also excludes contributions under various multi-employer pension plans, which totaled $5,464 in fiscal 2016.

OUTLOOK
 
This annual report contains certain forward-looking statements about Village’s future performance. These statements are based on management’s assumptions and beliefs in light of information currently available. Such statements relate to, for example: economic conditions; uninsured losses; expected pension plan contributions; projected capital expenditures; expected dividend payments; cash flow requirements; inflation expectations; and legal matters; and are indicated by words such as “will,” “expect,” “should,” “intend,” “anticipates,” “believes” and similar words or phrases. The Company cautions the reader that there is no assurance that actual results or business conditions will not differ materially from the results expressed, suggested or implied by such forward-looking statements. The Company undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect developments or information obtained after the date hereof.
 
We expect same store sales to range from flat to an increase of 2% in fiscal 2017.
We have budgeted $25,000 for capital expenditures in fiscal 2017.  Planned expenditures include the beginning of construction of a new store in the Bronx, New York, one major remodel, several smaller remodels and certain energy efficient lighting projects.
The Board’s current intention is to continue to pay quarterly dividends in 2017 at the most recent rate of $.25 per Class A and $.1625 per Class B share.
We believe cash flow from operations and other sources of liquidity will be adequate to meet anticipated requirements for working capital, capital expenditures and debt payments for the foreseeable future.
We expect our effective income tax rate in fiscal 2017 to be in the range of 40.5% - 41.5%.
We expect operating expenses will be affected by increased costs in certain areas, such as medical and other fringe benefit costs.
We expect approximately $500 of net periodic pension costs in fiscal 2017 related to the four Company sponsored defined benefit pension plans. The Company expects to contribute $3,000 in cash to all defined benefit pension plans in fiscal 2017.

19



Various uncertainties and other factors could cause actual results to differ from the forward-looking statements contained in this report. These include:

The supermarket business is highly competitive and characterized by narrow profit margins. Results of operations may be materially adversely impacted by competitive pricing and promotional programs, industry consolidation and competitor store openings. Village competes with national and regional supermarkets, local supermarkets, warehouse club stores, supercenters, drug stores, convenience stores, dollar stores, discount merchandisers, restaurants and other local retailers. Some of these competitors have greater financial resources, lower merchandise acquisition costs and lower operating expenses than we do.
The Company’s stores are concentrated in New Jersey, with one store in northeastern Pennsylvania and two in Maryland. We are vulnerable to economic downturns in New Jersey in addition to those that may affect the country as a whole. Economic conditions such as inflation, deflation, interest rates, energy costs and unemployment rates may adversely affect our sales and profits.
Village acquired two stores in July 2011 in Maryland, a new market for Village where the ShopRite name is less known than in New Jersey. While we continue to invest in marketing and promotional programs to build market share, sales trends for our Maryland stores deteriorated in fiscal 2016 and remain worse than initially projected. If these trends continue, the performance of our Maryland stores may negatively impact the Company's results of operations.
Village purchases substantially all of its merchandise from Wakefern. In addition, Wakefern provides the Company with support services in numerous areas including supplies, advertising, liability and property insurance, technology support and other store services. Further, Village receives patronage dividends and other product incentives from Wakefern. Any material change in Wakefern’s method of operation or a termination or material modification of Village’s relationship with Wakefern could have an adverse impact on the conduct of the Company’s business and could involve additional expense for Village. The failure of any Wakefern member to fulfill its obligations to Wakefern or a member’s insolvency or withdrawal from Wakefern could result in increased costs to the Company. Additionally, an adverse change in Wakefern’s results of operations could have an adverse effect on Village’s results of operations.
Approximately 92% of our employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements. Any work stoppages could have an adverse impact on our financial results. If we are unable to control health care and pension costs provided for in the collective bargaining agreements, we may experience increased operating costs.
Village could be adversely affected if consumers lose confidence in the safety and quality of the food supply chain. The real or perceived sale of contaminated food products by us could result in a loss of consumer confidence and product liability claims, which could have a material adverse effect on our sales and operations.
Certain of the multi-employer plans to which we contribute are underfunded. As a result, we expect that contributions to these plans may increase. Additionally, the benefit levels and related items will be issues in the negotiation of our collective bargaining agreements. Under current law, an employer that withdraws or partially withdraws from a multi-employer pension plan may incur a withdrawal liability to the plan, which represents the portion of the plan’s underfunding that is allocable to the withdrawing employer under very complex actuarial and allocation rules. The failure of a withdrawing employer to fund these obligations can impact remaining employers. The amount of any increase or decrease in our required contributions to these multi-employer pension plans will depend upon the outcome of collective bargaining, actions taken by trustees who manage the plans, government regulations, withdrawals by other participating employers and the actual return on assets held in the plans, among other factors.
Our long-lived assets, primarily store property, equipment and fixtures, are subject to periodic testing for impairment. Failure of our asset groups to achieve sufficient levels of cash flow could result in impairment charges on long-lived assets.
Our effective tax rate may be impacted by the results of tax examinations and changes in tax laws.
Wakefern provides all members of the cooperative with information system support that enables us to effectively manage our business data, customer transactions, ordering, communications and other business processes.  These information systems are subject to damage or interruption from power outages, computer or telecommunications failures, computer viruses and related malicious software, catastrophic weather events, or human error.  Any material interruption of our or Wakefern’s information systems could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations.

20



Due to the nature of our business, personal information about our customers, vendors and associates is received and stored in these information systems. In addition, confidential information is transmitted through our ShopRite from Home online business at shoprite.com and through the ShopRite app. Unauthorized parties may attempt to access information stored in or to sabotage or disrupt these systems. Wakefern and the Company maintain substantial security measures to prevent and detect unauthorized access to such information, including utilizing third-party service providers for monitoring our networks, security reviews, and other functions. It is possible that computer hackers, cyber terrorists and others may be able to defeat the security measures in place at the Company, Wakefern or those of third-party service providers.
Any breach of these security measures and loss of confidential information, which could be undetected for a period of time, could damage our reputation with customers, vendors and associates, cause Wakefern and Village to incur significant costs to protect any customers, vendors and associates whose personal data was compromised, cause us to make changes to our information systems and could result in government enforcement actions and litigation against Wakefern and/or Village from outside parties. Any such breach could have a material adverse impact on our operations, consolidated financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity if the related costs to Wakefern and Village are not covered or are in excess of carried insurance policies. In addition, a security breach could require Wakefern and Village to devote significant management resources to address problems created by the security breach and restore our reputation.
RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
 
The Company holds an investment in Wakefern, its principal supplier. Village purchases substantially all of its merchandise from Wakefern in accordance with the Wakefern Stockholder Agreement. As part of this agreement, Village is required to purchase certain amounts of Wakefern common stock. At July 30, 2016, the Company’s indebtedness to Wakefern for the outstanding amount of this stock subscription was $718. The maximum per store investment, which is currently $900, increased by $25 in both fiscal 2016 and 2015, resulting in additional investments of $717 and $738, respectively. Wakefern distributes as a “patronage dividend” to each member a share of its earnings in proportion to the dollar volume of purchases by the member from Wakefern during the year. Wakefern provides the Company with support services in numerous areas including advertising, supplies, liability and property insurance, technology support and other store services. Additional information is provided in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
At July 30, 2016, the Company had $42,735 in notes receivable due from Wakefern. Half of these notes earn interest at the prime rate plus .25% and mature on August 15, 2017 and half earn interest at the prime rate plus 1.25% and mature on February 15, 2019. Wakefern has the right to prepay these notes at any time. Under certain conditions, the Company can require Wakefern to prepay the notes, although interest earned since inception would be reduced as if it was earned based on overnight money market rates as paid by Wakefern on demand deposits.

At July 30, 2016, Village had demand deposits invested at Wakefern in the amount of $63,609. These deposits earn overnight money market rates.
 
The Company subleases the Galloway and Vineland stores from Wakefern at combined current annual rents of $1,316. Both leases contain normal periodic rent increases and options to extend the lease.
 
The Company leases a supermarket from a realty firm 30% owned by certain officers of Village. The Company paid rent to related parties under this lease of $642, $640 and $640 in fiscal years 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. This lease expires in fiscal 2021 with options to extend at increasing annual rents.
 
The Company has ownership interests in three real estate partnerships. Village paid aggregate rents to two of these partnerships for leased stores of approximately $1,400, $1,300, and $1,008 in fiscal years 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
 
ITEM 7A.   QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
IMPACT OF INFLATION AND CHANGING PRICES
 
Although the Company cannot accurately determine the precise effect of inflation or deflation on its operations, it estimates that product prices overall experienced slight deflation in fiscal 2016 compared to slight inflation in 2015. The Company recorded pre-tax LIFO expense (benefit) of ($171), $124 and ($216) in fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The Company calculates LIFO based on CPI indices published by the Department of Labor, which indicated weighted-average CPI changes of (0.5%), 0.3%, and (0.6%), in fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
 


21



MARKET RISK
 
At July 30, 2016, the Company had demand deposits of $63,609 at Wakefern earning interest at overnight money market rates, which are exposed to the impact of interest rate changes.
 
At July 30, 2016, the Company had $42,735 in notes receivable due from Wakefern. Half of these notes earn interest at the prime rate plus .25% and mature on August 15, 2017 and half earn interest at the prime rate plus 1.25% and mature on February 15, 2019.  Wakefern has the right to prepay these notes at any time. Under certain conditions, the Company can require Wakefern to prepay the notes, although interest earned since inception would be reduced as if it was earned based on overnight money market rates as paid by Wakefern on demand deposits.


22



ITEM 8.   FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
 
VILLAGE SUPER MARKET, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands)
 
July 30,
2016
 
July 25,
2015
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
88,379

 
$
59,040

Merchandise inventories
42,011

 
45,772

Patronage dividend receivable
13,185

 
12,831

Income taxes receivable

 
3,917

Other current assets
16,259

 
14,351

 
 
 
 
Total current assets
159,834

 
135,911

 
 
 
 
Notes receivable from Wakefern
42,735

 
41,421

Property, equipment and fixtures, net
201,470

 
206,594

Investment in Wakefern
26,467

 
25,750

Goodwill
12,057

 
12,057

Other assets
7,691

 
10,156

 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
450,254

 
$
431,889

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES and SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 

 
 

Current Liabilities
 

 
 

Capital and financing lease obligations
$
514

 
$
469

Notes payable to Wakefern
341

 
430

Accounts payable to Wakefern
59,186

 
58,337

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
17,240

 
19,033

Accrued wages and benefits
16,313

 
15,117

Income taxes payable
5,702

 
765

 
 
 
 
Total current liabilities
99,296

 
94,151

 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
 

 
 

Capital and financing lease obligations
43,184

 
43,699

Notes payable to Wakefern
377

 
726

 
 
 
 
Total long-term debt
43,561

 
44,425

 
 
 
 
Pension liabilities
26,740

 
32,232

Other liabilities
8,922

 
8,314

 
 
 
 
Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 and 9) 


 


 
 
 
 
Shareholders' Equity
 

 
 

Preferred stock, no par value: Authorized 10,000 shares, none issued

 

Class A common stock, no par value: Authorized 20,000 shares; issued 10,190 shares at July 30, 2016 and 10,192 shares at July 25, 2015
55,196

 
51,618

Class B common stock, no par value: Authorized 20,000 shares; issued and outstanding 4,319 shares at July 30, 2016 and July 25, 2015
701

 
701

Retained earnings
234,175

 
221,765

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(13,339
)
 
(16,874
)
Less treasury stock, Class A, at cost: 353 shares at July 30, 2016 and 343 shares at July 25, 2015
(4,998
)
 
(4,443
)
 
 
 
 
Total shareholders’ equity
271,735

 
252,767

 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
450,254

 
$
431,889

 See notes to consolidated financial statements.

23



VILLAGE SUPER MARKET, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Years ended
July 30,
2016
 
July 25,
2015
 
July 26,
2014
 
(53 Weeks)
 
(52 Weeks)
 
(52 Weeks)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales
$
1,634,904

 
$
1,583,789

 
$
1,518,636

Cost of sales
1,189,874

 
1,150,674

 
1,110,138

 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
445,030

 
433,115

 
408,498

 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating and administrative expense
376,601

 
366,254

 
356,396

Depreciation and amortization
24,101

 
23,330

 
22,274

 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
44,328

 
43,531

 
29,828

 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(4,495
)
 
(4,535
)
 
(3,602
)
Interest income
2,506

 
2,399

 
2,622

 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
42,339

 
41,395

 
28,848

Income taxes
17,295

 
10,775

 
23,803

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
25,044

 
$
30,620

 
$
5,045

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share:
 

 
 

 
 

Class A common stock:
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
$
1.98

 
$
2.44

 
$
0.41

Diluted
$
1.77

 
$
2.16

 
$
0.36

 
 
 
 
 
 
Class B common stock:
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
$
1.29

 
$
1.58

 
$
0.26

Diluted
$
1.29

 
$
1.58

 
$
0.26

 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.


24



VILLAGE SUPER MARKET, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)
 
Years ended
 
July 30,
2016
 
July 25,
2015
 
July 26,
2014
 
(53 Weeks)
 
(52 Weeks)
 
(52 Weeks)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
25,044

 
$
30,620

 
$
5,045

 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 

 
 

 
 

Amortization of pension actuarial loss, net of tax (1)
892

 
768

 
475

Pension remeasurement, net of tax (2)
(7,973
)
 
(5,177
)
 
(4,473
)
Pension curtailment gain, net of tax (3)
10,616

 

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)
3,535

 
(4,409
)
 
(3,998
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income
$
28,579

 
$
26,211

 
$
1,047


(1)
Amounts are net of tax of $612, $527 and $329 for 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. All amounts are reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss to operating and administrative expense.
(2)
Amounts are net of tax of $5,478, $3,559 and $3,238 for 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
(3)
Amount is net of tax of $7,288.
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.


25



VILLAGE SUPER MARKET, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Years ended July 30, 2016, July 25, 2015 and July 26, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
 
Total
Shareholders'
Equity
 
Class A Common Stock
 
Class B Common Stock
 
 
 
 
Treasury Stock Class A
 
Shares Issued
 
Amount
 
Shares Issued
 
Amount
 
Retained Earnings
 
Shares
 
Amount
Balance, July 27, 2013
9,440

 
$
44,543

 
4,780

 
$
776

 
$
211,109

 
$
(8,467
)
 
375

 
$
(3,401
)
 
$
244,560

Net income

 

 

 

 
5,045

 

 

 

 
5,045

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax of $2,909

 

 

 

 

 
(3,998
)
 

 

 
(3,998
)
Dividends

 

 

 

 
(12,432
)
 

 

 

 
(12,432
)
Exercise of stock options

 
132

 

 

 

 

 
(9
)
 
85

 
217

Treasury stock purchases

 

 

 

 

 

 
88

 
(2,569
)
 
(2,569
)
Share-based compensation expense
288

 
3,229

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
3,229

Net tax deficit from exercise of stock options and restricted share vesting

 
(916
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(916
)
Conversion of Class B shares to Class A shares
419

 
68

 
(419
)
 
(68
)
 

 

 

 

 

Balance, July 26, 2014
10,147

 
47,056

 
4,361

 
708

 
203,722

 
(12,465
)
 
454

 
(5,885
)
 
233,136

Net income

 

 

 

 
30,620

 

 

 

 
30,620

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax of $3,032

 

 

 

 

 
(4,409
)
 

 

 
(4,409
)
Dividends

 

 

 

 
(12,577
)
 

 

 

 
(12,577
)
Exercise of stock options

 
950

 

 

 

 

 
(111
)
 
1,442

 
2,392

Share-based compensation expense
3

 
3,169

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
3,169

Excess tax benefits from exercise of stock options and restricted share vesting

 
436

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
436

Conversion of Class B shares to Class A shares
42

 
7

 
(42
)
 
(7
)
 

 

 

 

 

Balance, July 25, 2015
10,192

 
51,618

 
4,319

 
701

 
221,765

 
(16,874
)
 
343

 
(4,443
)
 
252,767

Net income

 

 

 

 
25,044

 

 

 

 
25,044

Other comprehensive income, net of tax of $2,422

 

 

 

 

 
3,535

 

 

 
3,535

Dividends

 

 

 

 
(12,634
)
 

 

 

 
(12,634
)
Exercise of stock options

 
390

 

 

 

 

 
(30
)
 
423

 
813

Treasury stock purchases

 

 

 

 

 

 
40

 
(978
)
 
(978
)
Restricted shares forfeited
(4
)
 
(55
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(55
)
Share-based compensation expense
2

 
3,250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
3,250

Net tax deficit from exercise of stock options and restricted share vesting

 
(7
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(7
)
Balance, July 30, 2016
10,190

 
$
55,196

 
4,319

 
$
701

 
$
234,175

 
$
(13,339
)
 
353

 
$
(4,998
)
 
$
271,735

 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

26



VILLAGE SUPER MARKET, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
 
Years ended
 
July 30, 2016
 
July 25, 2015
 
July 26, 2014
 
(53 Weeks)
 
(52 Weeks)
 
(52 Weeks)
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
25,044

 
$
30,620

 
$
5,045

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
24,101

 
23,330

 
22,274

Non-cash share-based compensation
3,195

 
3,169

 
3,229

Deferred taxes
(70
)
 
14,841

 
(8,048
)
Provision to value inventories at LIFO
(171
)
 
124

 
(216
)
 
 
 
 
 
 

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 

 
 

 
 
Merchandise inventories
3,932

 
(1,202
)
 
(2,963
)
Patronage dividend receivable
(354
)
 
92

 
(1,113
)
Accounts payable to Wakefern
849

 
(5,372
)
 
4,244

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
(1,389
)
 
1,329

 
3,228

Accrued wages and benefits
1,196

 
(3,739
)
 
4,146

Income taxes receivable / payable
8,819

 
(47,539
)
 
24,144

Other assets and liabilities
(1,051
)
 
1,815

 
(1,523
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
64,101

 
17,468

 
52,447

 
 
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

 
 
Capital expenditures
(19,971
)
 
(23,517
)
 
(50,322
)
Proceeds from the sale of assets
919

 

 

Investment in notes receivable from Wakefern
(1,314
)
 
(823
)
 
(41,597
)
Maturity of notes receivable from Wakefern

 

 
23,420

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash used in investing activities
(20,366
)
 
(24,340
)
 
(68,499
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

 
 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
813

 
2,392

 
217

Excess tax benefit related to share-based compensation
28

 
436

 
46

Principal payments of long-term debt
(1,625
)
 
(1,691
)
 
(1,429
)
Dividends
(12,634
)
 
(12,577
)
 
(12,432
)
Treasury stock purchases
(978
)
 

 
(2,569
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash used in financing activities
(14,396
)
 
(11,440
)
 
(16,167
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
29,339

 
(18,312
)
 
(32,219
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF YEAR
59,040

 
77,352

 
109,571

 
 
 
 
 
 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF YEAR
$
88,379

 
$
59,040

 
$
77,352

 
 
 
 
 
 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH PAYMENTS MADE FOR:
 

 
 

 
 
Interest
$
4,495

 
$
4,446

 
$
4,240

Income taxes
8,518

 
43,038

 
7,661

 
 
 
 
 
 
NONCASH SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES:
 

 
 

 
 
Capital lease obligations
$

 
$

 
$
3,525

 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

27



NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(All amounts are in thousands, except per share data).
 
NOTE 1 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Nature of operations

Village Super Market, Inc. (the “Company” or “Village”) operates a chain of 29 ShopRite supermarkets in New Jersey, eastern Pennsylvania and Maryland. The Company is a member of Wakefern Food Corporation ("Wakefern"), the nation's largest retailer-owned food cooperative and owner of the ShopRite name.  This relationship provides Village many of the economies of scale in purchasing, distribution, private label products, advanced retail technology, marketing and advertising associated with chains of greater size and geographic coverage.

Principles of consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Village Super Market, Inc. and its subsidiaries, which are wholly owned. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

Fiscal year

The Company and its subsidiaries utilize a 52-53 week fiscal year ending on the last Saturday in the month of July. Fiscal 2016 contains 53 weeks. Fiscal 2015 and 2014 contain 52 weeks.

Use of estimates

In conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, management of the Company has made a number of estimates and assumptions relating to the reporting of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Some of the more significant estimates are patronage dividends, pension accounting assumptions, accounting for uncertain tax positions, accounting for contingencies and the impairment of long-lived assets and goodwill. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Industry segment 

The Company consists of one operating segment, the retail sale of food and nonfood products.

Revenue recognition

Merchandise sales are recognized at the point of sale to the customer. Sales tax is excluded from revenue. Discounts provided to customers through ShopRite coupons and loyalty programs are recognized as a reduction of sales as the products are sold.

Cash and cash equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Included in cash and cash equivalents are proceeds due from credit and debit card transactions, which typically settle within five business days, of $7,534 and $7,633 at July 30, 2016 and July 25, 2015, respectively. Included in cash and cash equivalents at July 30, 2016 and July 25, 2015 are $63,609 and $35,428, respectively, of demand deposits invested at Wakefern at overnight money market rates.

Merchandise inventories

Approximately 64% of merchandise inventories are stated at the lower of LIFO (last-in, first-out) cost or market. If the FIFO (first-in, first-out) method had been used, inventories would have been $14,522 and $14,693 higher than reported in fiscal 2016 and 2015, respectively. All other inventories are stated at the lower of FIFO cost or market.

Vendor allowances and rebates

The Company receives vendor allowances and rebates, including the patronage dividend and amounts received as a pass through from Wakefern, related to the Company’s buying and merchandising activities. Vendor allowances and rebates are recognized as a reduction in cost of sales when the related merchandise is sold or when the required contractual terms are completed.

28




Property, equipment and fixtures

Property, equipment and fixtures are recorded at cost. Interest cost incurred to finance construction is capitalized as part of the cost of the asset. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred.

Depreciation is provided on a straight-line basis over estimated useful lives of thirty years for buildings, ten years for store fixtures and equipment, and three years for vehicles. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the related lease terms or the estimated useful lives of the related assets.

When assets are sold or retired, their cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and any gain or loss is reflected in the consolidated financial statements.

Investments

The Company’s investments in its principal supplier, Wakefern, and a Wakefern affiliate, Insure-Rite, Ltd., are stated at cost (see Note 3). Village evaluates its investments in Wakefern and Insure-Rite, Ltd. for impairment through consideration of previous, current and projected levels of profit of those entities.

The Company’s 20%-50% investments in certain real estate partnerships are accounted for under the equity method. One of these partnerships is a variable interest entity which does not require consolidation as Village is not the primary beneficiary (see Note 6).

Store opening and closing costs

All store opening costs are expensed as incurred. The Company records a liability for the future minimum lease payments and related costs for closed stores from the date of closure to the end of the remaining lease term, net of estimated cost recoveries that may be achieved through subletting, discounted using a risk-adjusted interest rate.

Leases

Leases that meet certain criteria are classified as capital leases, and assets and liabilities are recorded at amounts equal to the lesser of the present value of the minimum lease payments or the fair value of the leased properties at the inception of the respective leases. Such assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the related lease terms or the estimated useful lives of the related assets. Amounts representing interest expense relating to the lease obligations are recorded to effect constant rates of interest over the terms of the leases. Leases that do not qualify as capital leases are classified as operating leases. The Company accounts for rent holidays, escalating rent provisions, and construction allowances on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease.

For leases in which the Company is involved with the construction of the store, if Village concludes that it has substantially all of the risks of ownership during construction of the leased property and therefore is deemed the owner of the project for accounting purposes, an asset and related financing obligation are recorded for the costs paid by the landlord. Once construction is complete, the Company considers the requirements for sale-leaseback treatment. If the arrangement does not qualify for sale-leaseback treatment, the Company amortizes the financing obligation and depreciates the building over the lease term.

Advertising

Advertising costs are expensed as incurred. Advertising expense was $11,644, $11,121 and $11,474 in fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

29



Income taxes

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in operations in the period that includes the enactment date.

The Company recognizes a tax benefit for uncertain tax positions if it is “more likely than not” that the position is sustainable, based on its technical merits. The tax benefit of a qualifying position is the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized upon effective settlement with a taxing authority having full knowledge of all relevant information.

Fair value

Fair value is defined as the exit price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. Fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined using assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. The fair value guidance establishes a three-level hierarchy to prioritize the inputs used in measuring fair value.  Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement date.  Level 2 inputs are inputs other than quoted prices within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets observable at commonly quoted intervals.  Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.
 
Cash and cash equivalents, patronage dividend receivable, income taxes receivable/payable, accounts payable and accrued expenses are reflected in the consolidated financial statements at carrying value, which approximates fair value because of the short-term maturity of these instruments. The carrying values of the Company’s notes receivable from Wakefern approximate their fair value as interest is earned at variable market rates. As the Company’s investment in Wakefern can only be sold to Wakefern at amounts that approximate the Company’s cost, it is not practicable to estimate the fair value of such investment.

Long-lived assets

The Company reviews long-lived assets, such as property, equipment and fixtures on an individual store basis for impairment when circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset group may not be recoverable. Such review analyzes the undiscounted estimated future cash flows from such assets to determine if the carrying value of such assets are recoverable from their respective cash flows. If impairment is indicated, it is measured by comparing the fair value of the long-lived assets to their carrying value.

Goodwill

Goodwill is tested at the end of each fiscal year, or more frequently if circumstances dictate, for impairment. An impairment loss is recognized to the extent that the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value. Village operates as a single reporting unit for purposes of evaluating goodwill for impairment and primarily considers earnings multiples and other valuation techniques to measure fair value, in addition to the value of the Company’s stock.

Net income per share

The Company has two classes of common stock. Class A common stock is entitled to cash dividends as declared 54% greater than those paid on Class B common stock. Shares of Class B common stock are convertible on a share-for-share basis for Class A common stock at any time.

The Company utilizes the two-class method of computing and presenting net income per share. The two-class method is an earnings allocation formula that calculates basic and diluted net income per share for each class of common stock separately based on dividends declared and participation rights in undistributed earnings. Under the two-class method, Class A common stock is assumed to receive a 54% greater participation in undistributed earnings than Class B common stock, in accordance with the classes' respective dividend rights. Unvested share-based payment awards that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends are treated as participating securities and therefore included in computing net income per share using the two-class method.

Diluted net income per share for Class A common stock is calculated utilizing the if-converted method, which assumes the conversion of all shares of Class B common stock to Class A common stock on a share-for-share basis, as this method is more dilutive than the two-class method. Diluted net income per share for Class B common stock does not assume conversion of Class B common stock to shares of Class A common stock.

30




The tables below reconcile the numerators and denominators of basic and diluted net income per share for all periods presented.

 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
Class A
 
Class B
 
Class A
 
Class B
 
Class A
 
Class B
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income allocated, basic
$
18,967

 
$
5,563

 
$
23,050

 
$
6,885

 
$
3,788

 
$
1,141

Conversion of Class B to Class A shares
5,563

 

 
6,885

 

 
1,141

 

Effect of share-based compensation on allocated net income

 
(3
)
 
46

 
(23
)
 
(20
)
 
(11
)
Net income allocated, diluted
$
24,530

 
$
5,560

 
$
29,981

 
$
6,862

 
$
4,909

 
$
1,130

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Weighted average shares outstanding, basic
9,567