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EX-32 - EX-32 - WILLIS LEASE FINANCE CORPwlfc-20160630xex32.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - WILLIS LEASE FINANCE CORPwlfc-20160630ex312ee05c4.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - WILLIS LEASE FINANCE CORPwlfc-20160630ex311611ee1.htm
EX-11.1 - EX-11.1 - WILLIS LEASE FINANCE CORPwlfc-20160630ex111c64ab0.htm
EX-10.15 - EX-10.15 - WILLIS LEASE FINANCE CORPwlfc-20160630ex10158173c.htm

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2016

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File Number: 001-15369


 

WILLIS LEASE FINANCE CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

 

Delaware

 

68-0070656

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or
organization)

 

(IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

773 San Marin Drive, Suite 2215, Novato, CA

 

94998

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (415) 408-4700

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes   No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes   No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company 

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes   No

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:

 

 

 

 

Title of Each Class

 

Outstanding at August 5, 2016

Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share

 

6,693,011

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

WILLIS LEASE FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

INDEX

 

 

 

 

PART I. 

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1. 

Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015

 

 

 

 

Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

Item 2. 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

19 

 

 

 

Item 3. 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

25 

 

 

 

Item 4. 

Controls and Procedures

25 

 

 

 

PART II. 

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 2. 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

26 

 

 

 

Item 6. 

Exhibits

27 

 

2


 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

WILLIS LEASE FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except share data, unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

June 30,

    

December 31,

 

 

2016

 

2015 (1)

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

21,054

 

$

9,732

Restricted cash

 

 

38,816

 

 

33,026

Equipment held for operating lease, less accumulated depreciation of $334,390 and $316,366 at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

 

 

1,081,481

 

 

1,109,168

Maintenance rights

 

 

16,774

 

 

12,140

Equipment held for sale

 

 

29,727

 

 

23,454

Operating lease related receivables, net of allowances of $938 and $912 at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

 

 

14,270

 

 

13,626

Spare parts inventory

 

 

19,027

 

 

20,826

Investments

 

 

44,295

 

 

41,295

Property, equipment & furnishings, less accumulated depreciation of $5,170 and $11,102 at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

 

 

16,714

 

 

20,247

Other intangible assets, net

 

 

816

 

 

932

Other assets

 

 

9,423

 

 

9,839

Total assets (2)

 

$

1,292,397

 

$

1,294,285

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

19,203

 

$

21,665

Deferred income taxes

 

 

101,326

 

 

96,154

Notes payable

 

 

876,706

 

 

866,089

Maintenance reserves

 

 

69,273

 

 

71,054

Security deposits

 

 

24,905

 

 

25,010

Unearned lease revenue

 

 

4,834

 

 

5,090

Total liabilities (3)

 

 

1,096,247

 

 

1,085,062

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock ($0.01 par value, 20,000,000 shares authorized; 6,689,244 and 7,548,395 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively)

 

 

67

 

 

75

Paid-in capital in excess of par

 

 

7,933

 

 

28,720

Retained earnings

 

 

188,326

 

 

180,949

Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of income tax benefit of $93 and $275 at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

 

 

(176)

 

 

(521)

Total shareholders’ equity

 

 

196,150

 

 

209,223

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

$

1,292,397

 

$

1,294,285

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Certain amounts include adjustments to prior periods see "Note 1. Summary

     of Significant Accounting Policies (c) Correction of Errors - Consolidated

     Financial Statements" for further disclosure.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2) Total assets at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 include the

      following assets of a variable interest entity (VIE) that can only be used

      to settle the liabilities of the VIE:  Cash, $39,012 and $33,776; Equipment,

      $322,073 and $328,118; and Other, $12,768 and $12,692, respectively.

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3) Total liabilities at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 include

     the following liabilities of a VIE for which the VIE creditors do not have

     recourse to Willis Lease Finance Corporation: Notes payable, $283,077

     and $293,331, respectively.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

3


 

 

WILLIS LEASE FINANCE CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Income

(In thousands, except per share data, unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

    

2016

    

2015 (1)

    

2016

    

2015 (1)

REVENUE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lease rent revenue

 

$

29,181

 

$

25,882

 

$

57,457

 

$

51,142

Maintenance reserve revenue

 

 

15,514

 

 

10,477

 

 

31,333

 

 

22,916

Spare parts and equipment sales

 

 

3,673

 

 

3,716

 

 

6,305

 

 

5,867

Gain on sale of leased equipment

 

 

258

 

 

3,132

 

 

3,250

 

 

3,862

Other revenue

 

 

992

 

 

603

 

 

1,992

 

 

1,359

Total revenue

 

 

49,618

 

 

43,810

 

 

100,337

 

 

85,146

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EXPENSES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

16,188

 

 

17,626

 

 

32,607

 

 

35,288

Cost of spare parts and equipment sales

 

 

2,787

 

 

2,820

 

 

4,719

 

 

4,300

Write-down of equipment

 

 

1,893

 

 

3,058

 

 

3,929

 

 

3,082

General and administrative

 

 

10,685

 

 

9,112

 

 

22,437

 

 

19,084

Technical expense

 

 

1,803

 

 

2,434

 

 

3,499

 

 

4,266

Net finance costs:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Interest expense

 

 

10,397

 

 

9,860

 

 

20,405

 

 

19,427

  Loss (gain) on debt extinguishment

 

 

137

 

 

 —

 

 

137

 

 

(1,151)

Total net finance costs

 

 

10,534

 

 

9,860

 

 

20,542

 

 

18,276

Total expenses

 

 

43,890

 

 

44,910

 

 

87,733

 

 

84,296

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) from operations

 

 

5,728

 

 

(1,100)

 

 

12,604

 

 

850

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings from joint ventures

 

 

56

 

 

215

 

 

243

 

 

569

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

 

5,784

 

 

(885)

 

 

12,847

 

 

1,419

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

 

2,418

 

 

(399)

 

 

5,470

 

 

547

Net income (loss)

 

$

3,366

 

$

(486)

 

$

7,377

 

$

872

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings (loss) per common share:

 

$

0.50

 

$

(0.06)

 

$

1.07

 

$

0.11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share:

 

$

0.49

 

$

(0.06)

 

$

1.05

 

$

0.11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average common shares outstanding

 

 

6,685

 

 

7,841

 

 

6,917

 

 

7,845

Diluted average common shares outstanding

 

 

6,819

 

 

7,841

 

 

7,047

 

 

8,022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Certain amounts include adjustments to prior periods see "Note 1.  Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (c) Correction of Errors - Consolidated Financial Statements" for further disclosure.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

4


 

 

 

WILLIS LEASE FINANCE CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

    

2016

    

2015 (1)

    

2016

    

2015 (1)

Net income (loss)

 

$

3,366

 

$

(486)

 

$

7,377

 

$

872

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currency translation adjustment

 

 

967

 

 

 —

 

 

526

 

 

 —

Tax expense related to items of other comprehensive income

 

 

(334)

 

 

 —

 

 

(182)

 

 

 —

Other comprehensive income

 

 

633

 

 

 —

 

 

344

 

 

 —

Total comprehensive income (loss)

 

$

3,999

 

$

(486)

 

$

7,721

 

$

872

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Certain amounts include adjustments to prior periods see "Note 1.

     Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (c) Correction of

     Errors - Consolidated Financial Statements" for further disclosure.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

5


 

 

WILLIS LEASE FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
Six months Ended June 30, 2016 and 2015
(In thousands, unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Issued and

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares of

 

 

 

 

Paid-in

 

Other

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

Common

 

Common

 

Capital in

 

Comprehensive

 

Retained

 

Shareholders’

 

 

Stock

 

Stock

 

Excess of par

 

Income

 

Earnings (1)

 

Equity

Balances at December 31, 2014

 

8,346

 

$

83

 

$

42,076

 

$

 —

 

$

174,489

 

$

216,648

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

872

 

 

872

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares repurchased

 

(108)

 

 

(1)

 

 

(2,038)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(2,039)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares issued under stock compensation plans

 

26

 

 

1

 

 

84

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

85

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cancellation of restricted stock in satisfaction of withholding tax

 

(43)

 

 

(1)

 

 

(861)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(862)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation, net of forfeitures

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

1,947

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

1,947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax benefit on disqualified disposition of shares

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

130

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

130

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balances at June 30, 2015

 

8,221

 

$

82

 

$

41,338

 

$

 —

 

$

175,361

 

$

216,781

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balances at December 31, 2015

 

7,548

 

$

75

 

$

28,720

 

$

(521)

 

$

180,949

 

$

209,223

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

7,377

 

 

7,377

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net unrealized loss from currency translation adjustment, net of tax expense of $182

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

345

 

 

 —

 

 

345

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares repurchased

 

(942)

 

 

(9)

 

 

(22,390)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(22,399)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares issued under stock compensation plans

 

112

 

 

1

 

 

81

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

82

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cancellation of restricted stock in satisfaction of withholding tax

 

(29)

 

 

 —

 

 

(581)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(581)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation, net of forfeitures

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

1,849

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

1,849

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax benefit on disqualified disposition of shares

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

254

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

254

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balances at June 30, 2016

 

6,689

 

$

67

 

$

7,933

 

$

(176)

 

$

188,326

 

$

196,150

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Certain amounts include adjustments to

     prior periods see "Note 1. Summary of

     Significant Accounting Policies

     (c) Correction of Errors - Consolidated

      Financial Statements" for further disclosure.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

6


 

 

WILLIS LEASE FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

    

2016

    

2015 (1)

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

7,377

 

$

872

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

32,607

 

 

35,288

Write-down of equipment

 

 

3,929

 

 

3,082

Stock-based compensation expenses

 

 

1,849

 

 

1,947

Amortization of deferred costs

 

 

2,157

 

 

2,127

Allowances and provisions

 

 

(419)

 

 

50

Gain on sale of leased equipment

 

 

(3,250)

 

 

(3,862)

Loss (gain) on extinguishment of debt

 

 

137

 

 

(1,151)

Income from joint ventures

 

 

(243)

 

 

(569)

Deferred income taxes

 

 

4,990

 

 

441

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receivables

 

 

(225)

 

 

(5,062)

Spare parts inventory

 

 

1,799

 

 

(413)

Other assets

 

 

297

 

 

(2,722)

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

(2,322)

 

 

(3,473)

Restricted cash

 

 

(5,790)

 

 

2,341

Maintenance reserves

 

 

(1,782)

 

 

1,296

Security deposits

 

 

(105)

 

 

(464)

Unearned lease revenue

 

 

(256)

 

 

676

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

40,750

 

 

30,404

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from sale of equipment (net of selling expenses)

 

 

54,204

 

 

33,912

Restricted cash for investing activities

 

 

(1,345)

 

 

(15,906)

Capital contribution to joint ventures

 

 

(4,610)

 

 

(630)

Distributions received from joint ventures

 

 

1,167

 

 

 —

Maintenance rights payments received

 

 

 —

 

 

1,709

Purchase of equipment held for operating lease

 

 

(61,472)

 

 

(80,566)

Purchase of maintenance rights

 

 

(4,634)

 

 

5,802

Purchase of property, equipment and furnishings

 

 

(183)

 

 

(3,617)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(16,873)

 

 

(59,296)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of notes payable

 

 

55,000

 

 

118,700

Debt issuance cost

 

 

(3,755)

 

 

(13)

Interest bearing security deposit

 

 

 —

 

 

(1,046)

Restricted cash from financing activities

 

 

1,345

 

 

14,137

Proceeds from shares issued under stock compensation plans

 

 

82

 

 

85

Cancellation of restricted stock units in satisfaction of withholding tax

 

 

(581)

 

 

(862)

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

 

 

254

 

 

130

Repurchase of common stock

 

 

(22,399)

 

 

(2,039)

Principal payments on notes payable

 

 

(42,501)

 

 

(97,521)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

 

(12,555)

 

 

31,571

Increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

11,322

 

 

2,679

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

9,732

 

 

13,493

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

21,054

 

$

16,172

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash paid for:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest

 

$

18,563

 

$

17,675

Income Taxes

 

$

72

 

$

79

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Certain amounts include adjustments to prior periods see

    "Note 1. Summary of Signaficant Accounting Policies

     (c) Correction of Errors - Consolidated   Financial Statements"

      for further disclosure.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, liabilities of $2,565 and $822, respectively, were incurred but not paid in connection with our purchase of aircraft and engines.

 

 

 

 

 

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, engines and equipment totaling $18,371 and $15,377, respectively, were transferred from Held for Operating Lease to Held for Sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2016, an aircraft of $2,925 was transferred from Property, equipment and furnishings to Assets Held for Lease.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

7


 

Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

 

1.  Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

(a)    Basis of Presentation:

 

Our unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Willis Lease Finance Corporation and its subsidiaries (“we” or the “Company”) and have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission for reporting on Form 10-Q. Pursuant to such rules and regulations, certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted. The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto, together with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.

 

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments necessary to present fairly our financial position as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, and the results of our operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, and our cash flows for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015. The results of operations and cash flows for the period ended June 30, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations or cash flows which may be reported for the remainder of 2016.

 

(b)    Principles of Consolidation:

 

We evaluate all entities in which we have an economic interest firstly to determine whether for accounting purposes the entity is a variable interest entity or voting interest entity. If the entity is a variable interest entity we consolidate the financial statements of that entity if we are the primary beneficiary of the entities’ activities. If the entity is a voting interest entity we consolidate the entity when we have a majority of voting interests. All inter-company balances are eliminated upon consolidation.

 

(c)   Correction of Immaterial Errors – Consolidated Financial Statements:  

 

During the second quarter of 2016 the Company determined that its financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013 and for prior years and for the quarter ended March 31, 2016 contained errors resulting from the incorrect accounting for equipment purchased with in-place leases. The Company previously did not identify, measure and account for maintenance rights acquired.   The Company’s accounting policy for maintenance rights is described below as note 1(d).  Management evaluated the materiality of the errors described above from a qualitative and quantitative perspective in accordance with the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 99, Materiality (SAB 99).  Based on such evaluation, we have concluded that these corrections would not be material to any individual prior period and have corrected such balances herein.

   

The associated correcting entries were recorded in the respective period starting with the opening consolidated balance sheet of December 31, 2015.  The Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2015 presented herein has been revised as follows: decrease in Equipment Held for Operating Lease by $13.7 million, increase in Maintenance Rights by $12.1 million, decrease in Deferred Income Taxes by $0.6 million and decrease retained earnings by $1.1 million as of December 31, 2015.

 

 

 

 

 

8


 

 

The adjustments to the previously reported Consolidated Statement of Income for the three and six month periods ending June 30, 2015 were as follows: a decrease in Maintenance Reserve Revenue of nil and $1.7 million, respectively, an increase (decrease) in Gain on Sale of Leased Equipment of ($0.1 million) and $34,000, respectively, a decrease in Depreciation and Amortization expense of $42,000 and $0.1 million, respectively, and an increase in Income Tax Benefit of $0.4 million, a decrease in Income Tax Benefit of $3,000 and a decrease in Income Tax Expense of $0.5 million, an increase (decrease) in net income of $6,000 and ($0.9 million), respectively, and a decrease in basic and diluted earnings per share of nil and $(0.12), respectively.

 

The adjustments to the previously reported Consolidated Statement of cash flows for the six month periods ending June 30, 2015 were as follows: a decrease in cash provided by operating income of $1.7 million and a decrease in the cash used by investing activities of $1.7 million.

 

There were other immaterial out of period adjustments recorded that affected lease rent revenue, spare part sales revenue and expense and general and administrative expenses for the three and six month months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 as well as accounts receivable at June 30, 2016.

   

(d) Maintenance rights

 

We identify, measure and account for maintenance right assets and liabilities associated with acquisitions of equipment with in-place leases. A maintenance right asset represents the fair value of the contractual right under a lease to receive equipment in an improved maintenance condition as compared to the maintenance condition on the acquisition date. A maintenance right liability represents the Company's obligation to pay the lessee for the difference between the lease-end contractual maintenance condition of the equipment and the actual maintenance condition of the equipment on the acquisition date.  The equipment condition at the end of the lease term may result in either overhaul work being performed by the lessee to meet the required return condition or a financial settlement.

 

When a capital event is performed on the equipment by the lessee, which satisfies their maintenance right obligation, the maintenance rights are added to the equipment basis and depreciated to the next capital event.  When equipment is sold before the end of the pre-existing lease, the maintenance rights are applied against any accumulated maintenance reserves, if paid by the lessee, and the remaining balance is applied to the disposition gain or loss.  When a lease terminates, an end of lease true-up is performed and the maintenance right is applied against the accumulated maintenance reserves or, for non-reserve lessees the final settlement payment, and any remaining net maintenance right is recorded in the income statement.

 

Maintenance right assets were $16.8 million and $12.1 million as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

   

(e)    Fair Value Measurements:

 

Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs, to the extent possible. We use a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, to measure fair value which are the following:

 

Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 - Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

9


 

 

Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

Assets Measured and Recorded at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

 

We determine fair value of long-lived assets held and used, such as Equipment held for operating lease and Equipment held for sale, by reference to independent appraisals, quoted market prices (e.g. an offer to purchase) and other factors. An impairment charge is recorded when the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair value.

 

The following table shows by level, within the fair value hierarchy, the Company’s assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis during the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, and the losses recorded during the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 on those assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets at Fair Value

 

Total Losses

 

 

June 30, 2016

 

June 30, 2015

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

   

Total

   

Level 1

   

Level 2

   

Level 3

   

Total

   

Level 1

   

Level 2

   

Level 3

   

2016

   

2015

 

 

(in thousands)

 

(in thousands)

Equipment held for lease

 

$

758

 

$

 —

 

$

758

 

$

 —

 

$

2,422

 

$

 —

 

$

2,422

 

$

 —

 

$

(1,893)

 

$

(3,082)

Equipment held for sale

 

 

1,448

 

 

 —

 

 

1,448

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(2,036)

 

 

 —

Total

 

$

2,206

 

$

 —

 

$

2,206

 

$

 —

 

$

2,422

 

$

 —

 

$

2,422

 

$

 —

 

$

(3,929)

 

$

 —

 

At June 30, 2016, the Company used Level 2 inputs to measure equipment held for sale.  Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets in inactive markets.

 

An impairment charge is recorded when the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair value. A write-down of equipment totaling $3.9 million was recorded during the six months ended June 30, 2016, of which $2.0 million was recorded due to a management decision to consign one engine for part-out and sale, in which the asset’s net book value exceeded the estimated proceeds.  A further writedown of $1.9 million was recorded due to the adjustment of the carrying value for an impaired engine within the portfolio to reflect estimated market value.   Write-downs of equipment totaling $3.1 million were recorded in the six months ended June 30, 2015 due to a management decision to consign two engines for part-out and sale, in which the assets’ net book value exceeded the estimated proceeds from part-out.

 

(f)    Reclassifications: 

 

Reclassifications have been made to our consolidated financial statements for the prior periods to conform to classifications used during the three and six months ended June 30, 2016. 

 

(g)    Foreign Currency Translation:

 

The Company’s foreign investments have been converted at rates of exchange at June 30, 2016. The changes in exchange rates in our foreign investments reported under the equity method are included in stockholders’ equity as accumulated other comprehensive income.

 

(h)    Recent Accounting Pronouncements:

 

In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU")  No. 2016-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based

10


 

Payment Accounting. The updated guidance changes how companies account for certain aspects of share-based payment awards to employees, including the accounting for income taxes, forfeitures, and statutory tax withholding requirements, as well as classification in the statement of cash flows. The update to the standard is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2017, with early application permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the guidance will have on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases” (topic 842).  Under the new standard, the accounting for leases by lessors would basically remain unchanged from the existing concepts in ASC 840, Leases. In addition, FASB has decided that lessors would be precluded from recognizing selling profit and revenue at lease commencement for any sales-type or direct finance lease that does not transfer control of the underlying asset to the lessee. The standard will be effective for public business entities for annual periods (including interim periods), beginning after December 15, 2018, and early adoption will be permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact the adoption of the standard will have on its consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory, which simplifies the measurement of inventory by requiring certain inventory to be measured at the lower of cost or net realizable value. The amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016 and for interim periods therein. We are evaluating the impact that this new guidance will have on our consolidated financial position.

 

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU. 2015-03, "Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs".  ASU 2015-03 requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with the accounting treatment for debt discounts. We have adopted ASU 2015-03 during the six-month period ended June 30, 2016. Other assets and Long-term debt, net of discount have been revised as of December 31, 2015 to reflect the retroactive reclassification of $12.6 million of debt issuance costs that have been reclassified from Other assets to Notes payable.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which supersedes previous revenue recognition guidance. The new standard requires that a company recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the company expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. Companies will need to use more judgment and estimates than under the guidance currently in effect, including estimating the amount of variable revenue to recognize over each identified performance obligation. Additional disclosures will be required to help users of financial statements understand the nature, amount and timing of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts. In July 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 (including interim reporting periods within those periods). Early adoption is permitted to the original effective date of December 15, 2016 (including interim reporting periods within those periods). The amendments may be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented or retrospectively with the cumulative effect recognized as of the date of initial application. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this new guidance on the consolidated financial statements.

 

 

2.  Management Estimates

 

These financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to residual values, estimated asset lives, impairments, maintenance rights and bad debts. We base our estimates on historical experience and

11


 

on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

Management believes that the accounting policies on revenue recognition, maintenance reserves and expenditures, useful life of equipment, asset residual values, asset impairment and allowance for doubtful accounts are critical to the results of operations.

 

If the useful lives or residual values are lower than those estimated by us, upon sale of the asset a loss may be realized. Significant management judgment is required in the forecasting of future operating results, which are used in the preparation of projected undiscounted cash-flows and should different conditions prevail, material impairment write-downs may occur.

 

 

 

3. Commitments

We have made a purchase commitment to secure the purchase of an engine and related equipment for a gross purchase price of $26.9 million, for delivery in 2016. 

 

 

 

4.  Investments

 

On May 25, 2011, we entered into an agreement with Mitsui & Co., Ltd. to participate in a joint venture formed as a Dublin-based Irish limited company — Willis Mitsui & Company Engine Support Limited (“WMES”) for the purpose of acquiring and leasing jet engines. Each partner holds a fifty percent interest in the joint venture and the Company uses the equity method in recording investment activity. The investment has increased to $29.9 million as of June 30, 2016 as a result of the Company making a $4.6 million capital contributions to WMES, receiving $1.2 million in distributions, recording $1.2 million as deferred gain as a result of the Company selling four engines to WMES and the Company’s share of WMES reported income of $0.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016.

 

On June 3, 2014 we entered into an agreement with China Aviation Supplies Import & Export Corporation Limited (“CASC”) to participate in a joint venture named CASC Willis Engine Lease Company Limited (“CASC Willis”), a new joint venture based in Shanghai, China. Each partner holds a fifty percent interest in the joint venture and the Company uses the equity method in recording investment activity. In October 2014, each partner made a $15.0 million initial capital contribution representing the up-front funding for the new joint venture.  The new company will acquire and lease jet engines to Chinese airlines and will concentrate on meeting the fast growing demand for leased commercial aircraft engines and aviation assets in the People’s Republic of China.   The investment has increased to $14.4 million as of June 30, 2016 as a result of a foreign currency translation

12


 

adjustment of $0.5 million partially offset by the Company’s share of CASC Willis reported loss of $0.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016.         

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2016

    

WMES

 

CASC

 

Total

 

 

(in thousands)

Investment in joint ventures as of December 31, 2015

 

$

27,272

 

$

14,023

 

$

41,295

Capital contribution

 

 

4,610

 

 

 —

 

 

4,610

Earnings from joint venture

 

 

367

 

 

(124)

 

 

243

Deferred gain on engine sale

 

 

(1,212)

 

 

 —

 

 

(1,212)

Distribution

 

 

(1,167)

 

 

 —

 

 

(1,167)

Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment

 

 

 —

 

 

526

 

 

526

Investment in joint ventures as of June 30, 2016

 

$

29,870

 

$

14,425

 

$

44,295

 

“Other revenue” on the Consolidated Statement of Income includes management fees earned of $0.5 million and $0.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, related to the servicing of engines for the WMES lease portfolio.   “Other revenue” on the Consolidated Statement of Income includes management fees earned of $1.1 million and $0.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, related to the servicing of engines for the WMES lease portfolio.   “Gain on sale of leased equipment” on the Consolidated Statement of Income includes $1.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 related to the sale of four engines to WMES for $46.1 million.  As 50% owners of WMES, we deferred an incremental $1.2 million gain to our investment which is being amortized over a 15-year period to a 55% residual value. 

 

Summarized financial information for 100% of WMES is presented in the following tables:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

    

2016

    

2015

 

 

(in thousands)

Revenue

 

$

7,752

 

$

6,532

Expenses

 

 

7,209

 

 

6,023

WMES net income

 

$

543

 

$

509

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

    

2016

    

2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

Revenue

 

$

16,998

 

$

12,930

Expenses

 

 

16,390

 

 

11,750

WMES net income

 

$

608

 

$

1,180

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

    

December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

(in thousands)

Total assets

 

$

307,152

 

$

256,126

Total liabilities

 

 

238,790

 

 

195,258

Total WMES net equity

 

$

68,362

 

$

60,868

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13


 

5.  Notes Payable

 

Notes payable consisted of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

    

December 31,

 

 

    

2016

 

2015

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Credit facility at a floating rate of interest of LIBOR plus 2.75%, secured by engines. The facility has a committed amount of $890.0 million at June 30, 2016, which revolves until the maturity date of April 2021.

 

$

574,000

 

$

549,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEST II Series 2012-A term notes payable at a fixed rate of interest of 5.50%, maturing in September 2037. Secured by engines.

 

 

289,488

 

 

300,467

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note payable at fixed interest rates ranging from 2.60% to 2.97%, maturing in July 2024. Secured by an aircraft.

 

 

15,300

 

 

16,135

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note payable at a variable interest rate of LIBOR plus 2.25%, maturing in January 2018. Secured by engines.

 

 

12,395

 

 

13,082

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes payable

 

 

891,183

 

 

878,684

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less: unamortized debt issuance costs

 

 

(14,477)

 

 

(12,595)

 

Total notes payable

 

$

876,706

 

$

866,089

 

 

We maintain a revolving credit facility to finance the acquisition of aircraft engines for lease as well as for general working capital purposes.  On April 20, 2016 we entered into a Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement which increased the revolving credit facility to $890.0 million from $700.0 million and extended the term to April 2021.  This $890 million revolving credit facility has an accordion feature which would expand the entire credit facility up to $1 billion.  The initial interest rate on the facility is LIBOR plus 2.75%.  Quarterly, the interest rate is adjusted based on the Company’s leverage ratio, as calculated under the terms of the revolving credit facility.

 

For further information on our debt instruments, see the "Notes Payable" note in Part II, Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.

 

The following is a summary of the aggregate maturities of our long-term debt at June 30, 2016:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year

    

(in thousands)

2016

 

$

11,480

2017

 

 

23,624

2018

 

 

33,294

2019

 

 

23,430

2020

 

 

23,031

Thereafter

 

 

776,324

 

 

$

891,183

 

 

 

6.  Stock-Based Compensation Plans

 

Our 2007 Stock Incentive Plan (the 2007 Plan) was adopted on May 24, 2007. Under this 2007 Plan, a total of 2,000,000 shares are authorized for stock based compensation available in the form of either restricted stock or stock options.  On May 28, 2015, the Company’s shareholders authorized an increase in the number of shares of

14


 

Common Stock available for grant by 800,000 shares bringing the total to 2,800,000 shares authorized.  2,390,357 shares of restricted stock were granted under the 2007 Stock Incentive Plan by June 30, 2016. Of this amount, 155,579 shares of restricted stock were cancelled and returned to the pool of shares which could be granted under the 2007 Stock Incentive Plan resulting in a net number of 565,222 shares which were available as of June 30, 2016 for future issuance under the 2007 Incentive Plan. The fair value of the restricted stock awards equaled the stock price at the date of grants.  The following table summarizes restricted stock activity during the year ended December 31, 2015 and the six months ended June 30, 2016.

 

 

 

 

 

    

Shares

Restricted stock at December 31, 2014

 

525,356

Granted in 2015 (vesting over 3 years)

 

125,000

Granted in 2015 (vesting over 4 years)

 

5,000

Granted in 2015 (vesting on first anniversary from date of issuance)

 

16,440

Vested in 2015

 

(275,201)

Restricted stock at December 31, 2015

 

396,595

Granted in 2016 (vesting over 1 year)

 

18,395

Granted in 2016 (vesting over 2 years)

 

20,000

Granted in 2016 (vesting over 3 years)

 

75,000

Granted in 2016 (vesting over 4 years)

 

13,250

Vested in 2016

 

(102,523)

Cancelled in 2016

 

(20,211)

Restricted stock at June 30, 2016

 

400,506

 

All cancelled shares have reverted to the share reserve and are available for issuance at a later date, in accordance with the 2007 Plan.

 

Our accounting policy is to recognize the associated expense of such awards on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. At June 30, 2016, the stock compensation expense related to the restricted stock awards that will be recognized over the average remaining vesting period of 1.8 years totals $5.4 million. At June 30, 2016, the intrinsic value of unvested restricted stock awards is $8.9 million. The 2007 Plan terminates on May 24, 2017.

 

7.  Income Taxes

 

Income tax expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 was $2.4 million and $5.5 million, respectively.  Income tax (benefit) expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 was ($0.4 million) and $0.5 million respectively.  The effective tax rates for the three month and six months ended June 30, 2016 were 41.8% and 42.6%, respectively.  The effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 was 45.1% and 38.5%, respectively. The increase in the effective tax rate was primarily due to the impact of the IRS code 162(m) calculation for executive compensation for the three months ended June 30, 2016.

 

The Company records tax expense or benefit for unusual or infrequent items discretely in the period in which they occur.  Our tax rate is subject to change based on changes in the mix of assets leased to domestic and foreign lessees, the proportions of revenue generated within and outside of California, the amount of executive compensation exceeding $1.0 million as defined in IRS code 162(m) and numerous other factors, including changes in tax law.

 

8.  Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The carrying amount reported in the consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, operating lease related receivable and accounts payable approximates fair value because of the immediate or short-term maturity of these financial instruments.

 

15


 

The carrying amount of the Company’s outstanding balance on its Notes Payable as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 was estimated to have a fair value of approximately $864.1 million and $890.1 million, respectively, based on the fair value of estimated future payments calculated using the prevailing interest rates at each period end.

 

9. Operating Segments

 

The Company operates in two business segments: (i) Leasing and Related Operations which involves acquiring and leasing, primarily pursuant to operating leases, commercial aircraft, aircraft engines and other aircraft equipment and the selective purchase and resale of commercial aircraft engines and other aircraft equipment and (ii) Spare Parts Sales which involves the purchase and resale of after-market engine and airframe parts, whole engines, engine modules and portable aircraft components and leasing of engines destined for disassembly and sale of parts.

 

The Company evaluates the performance of each of the segments based on profit or loss after general and administrative expenses and inter-company allocation of interest expense. While the Company believes there are synergies between the two business segments, the segments are managed separately because each requires different business strategies.

 

16


 

The following tables present a summary of the operating segments (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Leasing and 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2016

 

Related Operations

 

Spare Parts Sales

 

Eliminations (1)

 

Total