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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - YUM BRANDS INCyum-6112016xex322.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - YUM BRANDS INCyum-6112016xex321.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - YUM BRANDS INCyum-6112016xex312.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - YUM BRANDS INCyum-6112016xex311.htm
EX-15 - EXHIBIT 15 - YUM BRANDS INCyum-6112016xex15.htm
EX-10.31 - EXHIBIT 10.31 - YUM BRANDS INCyum-6112016xexx1031.htm
EX-4.1 - EXHIBIT 4.1 - YUM BRANDS INCyum-6112016xexx41.htm


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D. C. 20549
___________

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)
[Ÿ]
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
 
 
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 for the quarterly period ended June 11, 2016
 
 
 
OR
 
 
 
[  ]
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ____________ to _________________
 
 Commission file number 1-13163
________________________
YUM! BRANDS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 
North Carolina
 
13-3951308
 
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
 
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification No.)
 
 
 
 
 
1441 Gardiner Lane, Louisville, Kentucky
 
40213
 
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
 
 
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (502) 874-8300

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [ü]  No [  ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes [ü] No [  ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Large accelerated filer:  [ü] Accelerated filer:  [  ] Non-accelerated filer:  [  ] Smaller reporting company:  [  ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes [  ] No [ü]

 The number of shares outstanding of the Registrant’s Common Stock as of July 12, 2016 was 389,887,084 shares.
 




YUM! BRANDS, INC.

INDEX
 
 
 
Page
 
 
No.
Part I.
Financial Information
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1 - Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income - Quarters and Years to date ended
June 11, 2016 and June, 13, 2015
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income - Quarters and Years to date ended June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – Years to date ended
June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets – June 11, 2016 and December 26, 2015
 
 
 
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
Item 2 - Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition
              and Results of Operations
 
 
 
 
Item 3 - Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
 
 
 
Item 4 – Controls and Procedures
 
 
 
 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
 
 
Part II.
Other Information and Signatures
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1 – Legal Proceedings
 
 
 
 
Item 1A – Risk Factors
 
 
 
 
Item 2 - Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
 
 
 
Item 6 – Exhibits
 
 
 
 
Signatures


2



PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
Financial Statements
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)
YUM! BRANDS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except per share data)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarter ended
 
Year to date
Revenues
6/11/2016
 
6/13/2015
 
6/11/2016
 
6/13/2015
Company sales
$
2,554


$
2,659


$
4,719


$
4,838

Franchise and license fees and income
454


446


908


889

Total revenues
3,008


3,105


5,627


5,727

Costs and Expenses, Net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Company restaurant expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Food and paper
764

 
841

 
1,413

 
1,529

Payroll and employee benefits
603

 
602

 
1,089

 
1,095

Occupancy and other operating expenses
779

 
805

 
1,376

 
1,421

Company restaurant expenses
2,146


2,248


3,878


4,045

General and administrative expenses
365


353


651


648

Franchise and license expenses
50


47


98


81

Closures and impairment (income) expenses
37


24


40


27

Refranchising (gain) loss
(53
)

68


(60
)

58

Other (income) expense
(28
)

(6
)

(35
)

(9
)
Total costs and expenses, net
2,517


2,734


4,572


4,850

Operating Profit
491


371


1,055


877

Interest expense, net
40


33


77


67

Income Before Income Taxes
451


338


978


810

Income tax provision
116


102


248


213

Net income – including noncontrolling interests
335


236


730


597

Net income (loss) – noncontrolling interests
(4
)

1





Net Income – YUM! Brands, Inc.
$
339


$
235


$
730


$
597

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic Earnings Per Common Share
$
0.82


$
0.54


$
1.77


$
1.36

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted Earnings Per Common Share
$
0.81


$
0.53


$
1.74


$
1.34

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends Declared Per Common Share
$
0.46

 
$
0.82

 
$
0.92

 
$
0.82

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
 
 
 
 
 


3



CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)
YUM! BRANDS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarter ended
 
Year to date
 
6/11/2016
 
6/13/2015
 
6/11/2016
 
6/13/2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income - including noncontrolling interests
$
335

 
$
236

 
$
730

 
$
597

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
 
 
 

 

Translation adjustments and gains (losses) from intra-entity transactions of a long-term investment nature
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustments and gains (losses) arising during the period
35

 
39

 
(36
)
 
(52
)
Reclassification of adjustments and (gains) losses into Net Income

 
68

 

 
68

 
35

 
107

 
(36
)
 
16

Tax (expense) benefit
1

 
(2
)
 
4

 

 
36

 
105

 
(32
)
 
16

Changes in pension and post-retirement benefits
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains (losses) arising during the period
(1
)
 
2

 

 
2

Reclassification of (gains) losses into Net Income
3

 
12

 
6

 
23

 
2

 
14

 
6

 
25

Tax (expense) benefit
(1
)
 
(5
)
 
(2
)
 
(9
)
 
1

 
9

 
4

 
16

Changes in derivative instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains (losses) arising during the period
(26
)
 
(1
)
 
(31
)
 
12

Reclassification of (gains) losses into Net Income
23

 
1

 
33

 
(12
)
 
(3
)
 

 
2

 

Tax (expense) benefit
1

 

 

 

 
(2
)
 

 
2

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
35

 
114

 
(26
)
 
32

Comprehensive Income - including noncontrolling interests
370

 
350

 
704

 
629

Comprehensive Income (loss) - noncontrolling interests
(3
)

1

 
1


(1
)
Comprehensive Income - YUM! Brands, Inc.
$
373

 
$
349

 
$
703

 
$
630

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
 


4



CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
YUM! BRANDS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
Year to date
 
6/11/2016
 
6/13/2015
Cash Flows – Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net Income – including noncontrolling interests
$
730

 
$
597

Depreciation and amortization
314

 
326

Closures and impairment (income) expenses
40


27

Refranchising (gain) loss
(60
)

58

Contributions to defined benefit pension plans
(3
)
 
(78
)
Deferred income taxes
(43
)
 
(77
)
Equity income from investments in unconsolidated affiliates
(26
)
 
(16
)
Distributions of income received from unconsolidated affiliates
13

 
4

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
(26
)
 
(40
)
Share-based compensation expense
27

 
28

Changes in accounts and notes receivable
32

 
16

Changes in inventories
(29
)
 
21

Changes in prepaid expenses and other current assets
3

 
(27
)
Changes in accounts payable and other current liabilities
(44
)
 
17

Changes in income taxes payable
84

 
91

Changes in restricted cash
(81
)
 
(6
)
Other, net
(35
)
 
6

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
896

 
947

 
 
 
 
Cash Flows – Investing Activities
 
 
 
Capital spending
(343
)
 
(404
)
Changes in short-term investments, net
(51
)
 
(16
)
Proceeds from refranchising of restaurants
98

 
29

Other, net
8

 
39

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities
(288
)
 
(352
)
 
 
 
 
Cash Flows – Financing Activities
 
 
 
Proceeds from long-term debt
2,300

 

Repayments of long-term debt
(304
)
 
(7
)
Short-term borrowings by original maturity
 
 
 
More than three months - proceeds
1,400

 

More than three months - payments
(2,000
)
 

Three months or less, net

 

Revolving credit facilities, three months or less, net
37

 
65

Repurchase shares of Common Stock
(1,559
)
 
(287
)
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
26

 
40

Employee stock option proceeds
2

 
11

Dividends paid on Common Stock
(379
)
 
(355
)
Other, net
(61
)
 
(43
)
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities
(538
)
 
(576
)
Effect of Exchange Rates on Cash and Cash Equivalents
(12
)
 
39

Net Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents
58

 
58

Cash and Cash Equivalents - Beginning of Period
737

 
578

Cash and Cash Equivalents - End of Period
$
795

 
$
636

 
 
 
 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
 
 


5



CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
YUM! BRANDS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
6/11/2016
 
12/26/2015
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
795


$
737

Accounts and notes receivable, net
395

 
377

Inventories
255

 
229

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
332

 
241

Advertising cooperative assets, restricted
102

 
103

Total Current Assets
1,879

 
1,687

 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
4,096


4,189

Goodwill
649

 
656

Intangible assets, net
264

 
271

Investments in unconsolidated affiliates
46

 
61

Other assets
528

 
521

Deferred income taxes
722

 
676

Total Assets
$
8,184

 
$
8,061

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
 
 
 
Accounts payable and other current liabilities
$
2,016

 
$
1,985

Income taxes payable
122

 
77

Short-term borrowings
39

 
922

Advertising cooperative liabilities
102

 
103

Total Current Liabilities
2,279

 
3,087

 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
5,324

 
3,041

Other liabilities and deferred credits
912

 
958

Total Liabilities
8,515

 
7,086

 
 
 
 
Redeemable noncontrolling interest

 
6

 
 
 
 
Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)
 
 
 
Common Stock, no par value, 750 shares authorized; 399 and 420 shares issued in 2016 and 2015, respectively

 

Retained earnings (Accumulated deficit)
(123
)
 
1,150

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(266
)

(239
)
Total Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit) – YUM! Brands, Inc.
(389
)
 
911

Noncontrolling interests
58

 
58

Total Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)
(331
)
 
969

Total Liabilities, Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest and Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)
$
8,184

 
$
8,061

 
 
 
 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
 
 

6



NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(Tabular amounts in millions, except per share data)

Note 1 - Financial Statement Presentation

We have prepared our accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (“Financial Statements”) in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial information.  Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements.  Therefore, we suggest that the accompanying Financial Statements be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 26, 2015 (“2015 Form 10-K”).  

YUM! Brands, Inc. and Subsidiaries (collectively referred to herein as “YUM” or the “Company”) comprise primarily the worldwide operations of KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell (collectively the “Concepts”).  References to YUM throughout these Notes to our Financial Statements are made using the first person notations of “we,” “us” or “our.”

YUM currently consists of four reporting segments:  

YUM China (“China” or “China Division”) which includes all operations in mainland China
The KFC Division which includes all operations of the KFC concept outside of China Division
The Pizza Hut Division which includes all operations of the Pizza Hut concept outside of China Division
The Taco Bell Division which includes all operations of the Taco Bell concept

Effective January 2016 our India business was segmented by brand, integrated into the global KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell Divisions, and is no longer a separate operating segment. While our consolidated results were not impacted, we have restated our historical segment information for consistent presentation. Integrating India into our Brand Divisions increased Total revenues for the KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell Divisions by $32 million, $2 million and $1 million, respectively, and decreased Operating Profit by $3 million, less than $1 million and less than $1 million, respectively, for the quarter ended June 13, 2015. Integrating India into our Brand Divisions increased Total revenues for the KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell Divisions by $52 million, $3 million and $2 million respectively, and decreased Operating Profit by $6 million, less than $1 million and $1 million, respectively, for the year to date ended June 13, 2015.

In October 2015 we announced our intent to separate YUM’s China business from YUM into an independent, publicly-traded company. This transaction, which is expected to be a tax-free spin-off of our China business, will create two powerful, independent, focused growth companies with distinct strategies, financial profiles and investment characteristics.

Completion of the spin-off, which currently has a targeted completion date around October 31, 2016, will be subject to certain conditions, including, among others, receiving final approval from the YUM Board of Directors, receipt of various regulatory approvals, receipt of an opinion of counsel with respect to certain tax matters, the effectiveness of filings related to public listing and applicable securities laws, and other terms and conditions as may be determined by the Board of Directors.

YUM’s fiscal year ends on the last Saturday in December.  The first three quarters of each fiscal year consist of 12 weeks and the fourth quarter consists of 16 weeks. Our subsidiaries operate on similar fiscal calendars except that China and certain other international subsidiaries operate on a monthly calendar with two months in the first quarter, three months in the second and third quarters and four months in the fourth quarter.  The current fiscal year of 2016 will have a 53rd week for YUM and our subsidiaries that do not operate on a monthly calendar, which will be included in our fourth quarter results. Our international subsidiaries that operate on a monthly calendar, including China, are not impacted by the addition of a 53rd week. Our international subsidiaries within our KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell divisions generally close approximately one month earlier to facilitate consolidated reporting.

Our preparation of the accompanying Financial Statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the Financial Statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from these estimates.

The accompanying Financial Statements include all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary to present fairly, when read in conjunction with our 2015 Form 10-K, our financial position as of June 11, 2016, and the results of our operations and comprehensive income for the quarters and years to date ended June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015 and cash flows for the years to

7



date ended June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015. Our results of operations, comprehensive income and cash flows for these interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

Our significant interim accounting policies include the recognition of certain advertising and marketing costs, generally in proportion to revenue, and the recognition of income taxes using an estimated annual effective tax rate.

In April 2015 the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-03, “Interest - Imputation of Interest: Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs” (ASU 2015-03). ASU 2015-03 amended the then-current presentation guidance by requiring that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. ASU 2015-03 was effective for the Company beginning with the quarter ended March 19, 2016. The adoption of this standard required restatement of our consolidated balance sheet as of December 26, 2015. As a result, Other assets and Long-term debt each decreased by $13 million and Prepaid expenses and other current assets and Short-term borrowings each decreased by $1 million versus amounts previously reported.

We have reclassified certain items in the Financial Statements for the prior periods to be comparable with the classification for the quarter and year to date ended June 11, 2016. These reclassifications had no effect on previously reported Net Income - YUM! Brands, Inc.



Note 2 - Earnings Per Common Share (“EPS”)
 
 
Quarter ended
 
Year to date
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net Income – YUM! Brands, Inc.
 
$
339

 
$
235

 
$
730

 
$
597

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding (for basic calculation)
 
410


437

 
413

 
437

Effect of dilutive share-based employee compensation
 
7

 
8

 
7

 
9

Weighted-average common and dilutive potential common shares outstanding (for diluted calculation)
 
417


445

 
420


446

Basic EPS
 
$
0.82

 
$
0.54

 
$
1.77

 
$
1.36

Diluted EPS
 
$
0.81

 
$
0.53

 
$
1.74

 
$
1.34

Unexercised employee stock options and stock appreciation rights (in millions) excluded from the diluted EPS computation(a)
 
6.6

 
4.3

 
6.8

 
5.3


(a)
These unexercised employee stock options and stock appreciation rights were not included in the computation of diluted EPS because to do so would have been antidilutive for the periods presented.


Note 3 - Shareholders’ Equity

Under the authority of our Board of Directors, we repurchased shares of our Common Stock during the years to date as indicated below.  All amounts exclude applicable transaction fees.


8



 
 
 
Shares Repurchased (thousands)
 
Dollar Value of Shares Repurchased
 
Remaining Dollar Value of Shares that may be Repurchased
 
 
Authorization Date
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
 
November 2013
 

 
 
1,779

 
 
$

 
 
$
133

 
 
$

 
 
 
November 2014
 

 
 
1,901

 
 

 
 
162

 
 

 
 
 
December 2015
 
13,369

 
 

 
 
933

 
 

 
 

 
 
 
March 2016
 
2,823

 
 

 
 
228

 
 

 
 

 
 
 
May 2016
 
6,102

 
 

 
 
503

 
 

 
 
3,697

 
 
 
Total
 
22,294

(a) 
 
3,680

(b) 
 
$
1,664

(a) 
 
$
295

(b) 
 
$
3,697

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a)
Includes the effect of $105 million in share repurchases (1.3 million shares) with trade dates prior to June 11, 2016 but cash settlement dates subsequent to June 11, 2016.

(b)
Includes the effect of $8 million in share repurchases (0.1 million shares) with trade dates prior to June 13, 2015 but cash settlement dates subsequent to June 13, 2015.

On May 20, 2016 our Board of Directors authorized additional share repurchases through December 2016 of up to $4.2 billion (excluding applicable transaction fees) of our outstanding Common Stock. This authorization superseded all previous unutilized authorizations.

Changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) ("OCI") are presented below.
 
 
Translation Adjustments and Gains (Losses) From Intra-Entity Transactions of a Long-Term Nature
 
Pension and Post-Retirement Benefits
 
Derivative Instruments
 
Total
Balance at December 26, 2015, net of tax
 
$
(109
)
 
$
(113
)
 
$
(17
)
 
$
(239
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gains (losses) arising during the year classified into accumulated OCI, net of tax
 
(33
)
 

 
(31
)
 
(64
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Gains) losses reclassified from accumulated OCI, net of tax
 

 
4

 
33

 
37

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
OCI, net of tax
 
(33
)
 
4

 
2

 
(27
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at June 11, 2016, net of tax
$
(142
)
 
$
(109
)
 
$
(15
)
 
$
(266
)


Note 4 - Items Affecting Comparability of Net Income and Cash Flows

Refranchising (Gain) Loss

The Refranchising (gain) loss by reportable segment is presented below. We do not allocate such gains and losses to our segments for performance reporting purposes.


9



During the quarter ended June 11, 2016 we refranchised 93 restaurants, primarily Pizza Hut restaurants in the U.S. We received $89 million in proceeds and recorded $53 million of net refranchising gains related to these transactions. These gains were not allocated to any segment for performance reporting.

 
 
Quarter ended
 
Year to date
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
China
 
$
(1
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
(4
)
 
$
(4
)
KFC Division(a)
 
2

 
35

 
1

 
32

Pizza Hut Division(a)
 
(54
)
 
36

 
(56
)
 
37

Taco Bell Division
 

 
(1
)
 
(1
)
 
(7
)
Worldwide
 
$
(53
)
 
$
68

 
$
(60
)
 
$
58


(a)
In 2010 we refranchised our then-remaining Company-operated restaurants in Mexico. To the extent we owned real estate related to these restaurants, we did not sell the real estate, but instead leased it to the franchisee. During the quarter ended June 13, 2015 we initiated plans to sell this real estate and determined it was held for sale in accordance with GAAP. The sales price we expected to receive for this real estate exceeded its book value. However, the sale of the real estate represented a substantial liquidation of our Mexican operations under GAAP. Accordingly, we were required to include accumulated translation losses associated with our Mexican business within our held for sale impairment evaluations. As such, we recorded a $68 million non-cash charge to Refranchising loss, consisting of losses of $36 million and $32 million related to KFC and Pizza Hut, respectively. The loss was not allocated to any segment for performance reporting. This loss represents the excess of the sum of the book value of the real estate and related assets, an insignificant amount of goodwill and our accumulated translation losses over the expected sales price. We subsequently sold this real estate in 2015.

Additionally, during the quarter ended June 13, 2015, we recognized a charge within Refranchising (gain) loss of $5 million associated with the planned refranchising of our Company-owned Pizza Hut restaurants in Korea.

KFC U.S. Acceleration Agreement

During the first quarter of 2015, we reached an agreement with our KFC U.S. franchisees that gave us brand marketing control as well as an accelerated path to expanded menu offerings, improved assets and enhanced customer experience. In connection with this agreement we anticipate investing approximately $125 million from 2015 through 2017 primarily to fund new back-of-house equipment for franchisees and to provide incentives to accelerate franchisee store remodels. We recorded pre-tax charges of $8 million for both the quarters ended June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015 for these investments. We recorded pre-tax charges of $17 million and $10 million for the years to date ended June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015, respectively, for these investments. These amounts were recorded primarily as Franchise and license expenses. We recorded total pre-tax charges of $72 million during the year ended December 26, 2015 and we currently expect a total pre-tax charge of approximately $30 million in 2016 for these investments. These charges are not being allocated to the KFC Division segment operating results.

In addition to the investments above we agreed to fund $60 million of incremental system advertising from 2015 through 2017. During the quarters ended June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015, we incurred $5 million and $3 million in incremental system advertising expense, respectively. During the years to date ended June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015, we incurred $9 million and $3 million in incremental system advertising expense, respectively. We funded approximately $10 million of such advertising during the year ended December 26, 2015. These amounts were recorded primarily in Franchise and license expenses and are included in the KFC Division segment operating results. We currently expect to fund approximately $20 million of such advertising in 2016 and $30 million in 2017.

Costs Associated with the Planned Spin-off of the China Business and YUM Recapitalization

In connection with our planned separation of the YUM China business into an independent, publicly-traded company and the related recapitalization of YUM, we incurred $10 million and $19 million of costs in the quarter and year to date ended June 11, 2016, respectively, which were recorded in General and administrative ("G&A") expenses. Cumulative project costs since the announcement of the planned separation total $28 million and we currently expect to incur additional cash costs of approximately $30 million to complete the spin-off transaction. Additionally, we expect to incur a non-cash charge related to certain share-based awards that will be modified in connection with the spin-off. The amount of the non-cash charge will be based on the intrinsic

10



values of the modified awards at the date of the spin-off. These costs are not being allocated to any of our segment operating results.

See Note 10 for details on YUM's recapitalization.


Note 5 - Other (Income) Expense
 
Quarter ended
 
Year to date
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Equity (income) loss from investments in unconsolidated affiliates
$
(10
)
 
$
(7
)
 
$
(26
)
 
$
(16
)
Foreign exchange net (gain) loss and other
(18
)
 
1

 
(9
)
 
7

Other (income) expense
$
(28
)
 
$
(6
)
 
$
(35
)
 
$
(9
)


Note 6 - Supplemental Balance Sheet Information

Accounts and Notes Receivable, net

The Company’s receivables are primarily generated as a result of ongoing business relationships with our franchisees and licensees as a result of franchise and lease agreements.  Trade receivables consisting of royalties from franchisees and licensees are generally due within 30 days of the period in which the corresponding sales occur and are classified as Accounts and notes receivable on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.  
 
6/11/2016
 
12/26/2015
Accounts and notes receivable, gross
$
413

 
$
393

Allowance for doubtful accounts
(18
)
 
(16
)
Accounts and notes receivable, net
$
395

 
$
377


Property, Plant and Equipment, net
 
6/11/2016
 
12/26/2015
Property, plant and equipment, gross
$
7,795

 
$
7,832

Accumulated depreciation and amortization
(3,699
)
 
(3,643
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
$
4,096

 
$
4,189


Assets held for sale at June 11, 2016 and December 26, 2015 total $35 million and $28 million, respectively, and are included in Prepaid expenses and other current assets on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Noncontrolling Interests

Noncontrolling interests represent the ownership interests of minority shareholders of the entities that operate KFC restaurants in Beijing and Shanghai, China.  At December 26, 2015 the Redeemable noncontrolling interest comprised the 7% ownership interest in Little Sheep held by the Little Sheep founding shareholders, and was classified outside of permanent equity on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets due to redemption rights held by the Little Sheep founding shareholders. During the quarter ended June 11, 2016, the Little Sheep founding shareholders sold their remaining 7% Little Sheep ownership interest to YUM pursuant to their redemption rights. The difference between the purchase price of less than $1 million, which was determined using a non-fair value based formula pursuant to the agreement governing the redemption rights, and the carrying value of their redeemable noncontrolling interest was recorded as an $8 million loss attributable to noncontrolling interests. Consistent with our 2012 gain on the acquisition of Little Sheep and subsequent impairments of Little Sheep goodwill and intangibles in 2013 and 2014, this loss attributable to noncontrolling interests is not being allocated to any segment operating results. A reconciliation of the beginning and ending carrying amount of the equity attributable to noncontrolling interests is as follows:


11



 
Noncontrolling Interests
 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
Balance at December 26, 2015
$
58

 
$
6

Net Income (loss) – noncontrolling interests
7


1

Noncontrolling interest loss upon redemption

 
(8
)
Dividends declared
(7
)
 

Currency translation adjustments and other

 
1

Balance at June 11, 2016
$
58

 
$


Note 7 - Income Taxes
 
Quarter ended
 
Year to date
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Income tax provision
$
116


$
102

 
$
248


$
213

Effective tax rate
25.8
%
 
30.4
%
 
25.4
%
 
26.3
%

Our effective tax rate was lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 35% primarily due to the majority of our income being earned outside the U.S. where tax rates are generally lower than the U.S. rate.

Our quarterly and year to date effective tax rates were lower than the prior year primarily due to lapping the unfavorable impact of the $68 million non-cash refranchising loss (See Note 4) with no associated tax benefit related to the decision to dispose of our real estate in Mexico, lapping the unfavorable impact of resolution of uncertain tax positions in certain jurisdictions, and the benefit associated with a prior year income tax return amendment, partially offset by the increased cost of repatriating current year foreign earnings.


Note 8 - Reportable Operating Segments

We identify our operating segments based on management responsibility. As described in Note 1, effective January 1, 2016 our India business was segmented by brand and integrated into the global KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell Divisions. Segment information for previous periods has been restated to reflect this reporting change. The following tables summarize Revenues and Operating Profit for each of our reportable operating segments:
 
Quarter ended
 
Year to date
Revenues
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
China
$
1,588

 
$
1,636

 
$
2,891

 
$
2,892

KFC Division
712

 
726

 
1,337

 
1,388

Pizza Hut Division
246

 
266

 
511

 
538

Taco Bell Division
463


477

 
889


909

Unallocated
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
 

 
$
3,008


$
3,105


$
5,627


$
5,727


12



 
Quarter ended
 
Year to date
Operating Profit
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
China(a)
$
147


$
144


$
403


$
334

KFC Division
149


149


309


315

Pizza Hut Division
64


60


151


141

Taco Bell Division
139


140

 
258


254

Unallocated and Corporate General and administrative expenses(b)
(76
)
 
(54
)
 
(133
)
 
(100
)
Unallocated Other income (expense)
15

 

 
7

 
(9
)
Unallocated Refranchising gain (loss)(c)
53


(68
)

60


(58
)
Operating Profit
$
491


$
371


$
1,055


$
877

Interest expense, net
(40
)

(33
)

(77
)

(67
)
Income Before Income Taxes
$
451


$
338


$
978


$
810


(a)
Includes equity income from investments in unconsolidated affiliates of $10 million and $7 million for the quarters ended June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015, respectively. Includes equity income from investments in unconsolidated affiliates of
$26 million and $16 million for the years to date ended June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015, respectively.

(b)
Primarily Corporate G&A expenses for the quarters ended June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015. Amounts also include costs associated with the KFC U.S. Acceleration Agreement of $8 million for both the quarters ended June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015, respectively, and $17 million and $10 million for the years to date ended June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015, respectively. Also included are $10 million and $19 million for the quarter and year to date ended June 11, 2016, respectively, related to the planned spin-off of the China business and YUM recapitalization. See Note 4.

(c)
See the Refranchising (Gain) Loss section of Note 4.


Note 9 - Pension Benefits

We sponsor qualified and supplemental (non-qualified) noncontributory defined benefit pension plans covering certain full-time salaried and hourly U.S. employees.  The most significant of these plans, the YUM Retirement Plan, is funded. We fund our other U.S. plans as benefits are paid.  The YUM Retirement Plan and our most significant non-qualified plan in the U.S. are closed to new salaried participants.  
  
The components of net periodic benefit cost associated with our significant U.S. pension plans are as follows:

 
Quarter ended
 
Year to date
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Service cost
$
4

 
$
4

 
$
8

 
$
8

Interest cost
12

 
12

 
25

 
25

Expected return on plan assets
(15
)
 
(14
)
 
(30
)
 
(28
)
Amortization of net loss
2

 
11

 
3

 
21

Amortization of prior service cost
1

 

 
2

 

Net periodic benefit cost
$
4

 
$
13

 
$
8

 
$
26

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


13




Note 10 - Short-term Borrowings and Long-term Debt

Short-term Borrowings
 
6/11/2016
 
12/26/2015

Current maturities of long-term debt
 
$
30

 
$
313

Unsecured Short-term Loan Credit Facility (the "Bridge Facility")
 

 
600

Other
 
9

 
9

 
 
$
39

 
$
922

 
 
 
 
 
Long-term Debt
 
 
 
 
Existing Senior Unsecured Notes
 
$
2,200

 
$
2,500

Existing Unsecured Revolving Credit Facility
 
738

 
701

Securitization Notes
 
2,300

 

Capital lease obligations
 
162

 
169

 
 
5,400

 
3,370

Less debt issuance costs and discounts
 
(46
)
 
(16
)
Less current maturities of long-term debt
 
(30
)
 
(313
)
Long-term debt
 
$
5,324

 
$
3,041


During the quarter ended June 11, 2016 we issued $2.3 billion in Securitization Notes, details of which are below. Also during the quarter we repaid $300 million in Existing Senior Unsecured Notes and we repaid and terminated the Bridge Facility, which had $600 million of outstanding borrowings as of December 26, 2015. Details of our short-term borrowings and long-term debt as of December 26, 2015 can be found within our 2015 Form 10-K.

Securitization Notes Issuance

On May 11, 2016 Taco Bell Funding, LLC (the “Issuer”), a newly formed, special purpose limited liability company and a direct, wholly-owned subsidiary of Taco Bell Corp., (“TBC”) which is a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, completed a securitization transaction and issued $800 million of its Series 2016-1 3.832% Fixed Rate Senior Secured Notes, Class A-2-I (the “Class A-2-I Notes”), $500 million of its Series 2016-1 4.377% Fixed Rate Senior Secured Notes, Class A-2-II (the “Class A-2-II Notes”) and $1.0 billion of its Series 2016-1 4.970% Fixed Rate Senior Secured Notes, Class A-2-III (the “Class A-2-III Notes” and, together with the Class A-2-I Notes and the Class A-2-II Notes, the “Class A-2 Notes”).  In connection with the issuance of the Class A-2 Notes, the Issuer also entered into a revolving financing facility of Series 2016-1 Senior Notes, Class A-1 (the “Variable Funding Notes”), which allows for the borrowing of up to $100 million and the issuance of up to $50 million in letters of credit.  The Class A-2 Notes and the Variable Funding Notes are referred to collectively as the “Securitization Notes”.  The Class A-2 Notes were issued under a Base Indenture, dated as of May 11, 2016 (the “Base Indenture”), and the related Series 2016-1 Supplement thereto, dated as of May 11, 2016 (the “Series 2016-1 Supplement”).  The Base Indenture and the Series 2016-1 Supplement (collectively, the “Indenture”) will allow the Issuer to issue additional series of notes.

The Securitization Notes were issued in a transaction pursuant to which certain of TBC’s domestic assets, consisting principally of franchise-related agreements, and domestic intellectual property, were contributed to the Issuer and the Issuer’s special purpose, wholly-owned subsidiaries (the “Guarantors”, and collectively with the Issuer, the "Securitization Entities") to secure the Notes. The Securitization Notes are secured by substantially all of these same assets, and include a lien on all existing and future U.S. Taco Bell franchise and license agreements and the royalties payable thereunder, existing and future U.S. Taco Bell intellectual property, certain transaction accounts and a pledge of the equity interests in asset-owning Securitization Entities. The remaining U.S. Taco Bell assets that were excluded from the transfers to the Securitization Entities continue to be held by Taco Bell of America, LLC, a limited liability company (“TBA”), and TBC. The Securitization Notes are not guaranteed by the remaining U.S. Taco Bell assets, the Company, or any other subsidiary of the Company.

Payments of interest and principal on the Securitization Notes are made from the royalty fees paid pursuant to the franchise and license agreements with all U.S. Taco Bell restaurants, including both company and franchise operated restaurants. Interest on and principal payments of the Class A-2 Notes are due on a quarterly basis. In general, no amortization of principal of the Class A-2 Notes is required prior to their anticipated repayment dates unless as of any quarterly measurement date the consolidated leverage ratio (the ratio of total debt to Net Cash Flow (as defined in the Indenture)) for the preceding four fiscal quarters of either the Company and its subsidiaries or the Issuer and its subsidiaries exceeds 5.0:1, in which case amortization payments of 1% per

14



year of the outstanding principal as of the closing of the Securitization Notes is required.  The legal final maturity date of the Notes is in May 2046, but the anticipated repayment dates of the Class A-2-I Notes, the Class A-2-II Notes and the Class A-2-III Notes will be 4, 7 and 10 years, respectively (the “Anticipated Repayment Dates”) from the date of issuance.  If the Issuer has not repaid or refinanced a series of Class A-2 Notes prior to its respective Anticipated Repayment Dates, rapid amortization of principal on all Securitization Notes will occur and additional interest will accrue on the Class A-2 Notes, as stated in the Indenture.

Interest on the Variable Funding Notes will be based on (i) the prime rate, (ii) the overnight federal funds rates, (iii) the London interbank offered rate (“LIBOR”) for U.S. Dollars or (iv) with respect to advances made by conduit investors, the weighted average cost of, or related to, the issuance of commercial paper allocated to fund or maintain such advances, plus any applicable margin, in each case as more fully set forth in the Variable Funding Note Purchase Agreement. It is anticipated that the principal of and interest on the Variable Funding Notes will be repaid in full on or prior to May 2021, subject to two additional one-year extensions at the option of the Issuer and further extensions as agreed between the Issuer and the Administrative Agent.  Following the anticipated repayment date and any extensions thereof, additional interest will accrue on the Variable Funding Notes equal to 5.00% per year.  As of June 11, 2016, $15 million of letters of credit were outstanding against the Variable Funding Notes, which relate primarily to interest reserves required under the Indenture. The Variable Funding Notes were undrawn at June 11, 2016.

During the year to date ended June 11, 2016, the Company incurred debt issuance costs of $31 million in connection with the issuance of the Securitization Notes. The debt issuance costs are being amortized to Interest expense through the Anticipated Repayment Dates of the Securitization Notes utilizing the effective interest rate method and are classified as a reduction of our Long-term debt in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. As of June 11, 2016, the effective interest rates, including the amortization of debt issuance costs, were 4.18%, 4.59%, and 5.14% for the Class A-2-I Notes, Class A-2-II Notes and Class A-2-III Notes, respectively.

The Securitization Notes are subject to a series of covenants and restrictions customary for transactions of this type, including (i) that the Issuer maintains specified reserve accounts to be available to make required interest payments in respect of the Securitization Notes, (ii) provisions relating to optional and mandatory prepayments and the related payment of specified amounts, including specified make-whole payments in the case of the Class A-2 Notes under certain circumstances, (iii) certain indemnification payments relating to taxes, enforcement costs and other customary items and (iv) covenants relating to recordkeeping, access to information and similar matters. The Securitization Notes are also subject to rapid amortization events provided for in the Indenture, including events tied to failure to maintain a stated debt service coverage ratio of at least 1.1:1, gross domestic sales for branded restaurants being below certain levels on certain measurement dates, a manager termination event, an event of default and the failure to repay or refinance the Class A-2 Notes on the Anticipated Repayment Date (subject to limited cure rights). The Securitization Notes are also subject to certain customary events of default, including events relating to non-payment of required interest or principal due on the Securitization Notes, failure to comply with covenants within certain time frames, certain bankruptcy events, breaches of specified representations and warranties, failure of security interests to be effective, certain judgments and failure of the Securitization Entities to maintain a stated debt service coverage ratio. We were in compliance with all of our debt covenant requirements at June 11, 2016.

In accordance with the Indenture, certain cash accounts have been established with the Indenture trustee for the benefit of the trustee and the note holders, and are restricted in their use. The Indenture requires a certain amount of securitization cash flow collections to be allocated on a weekly basis and maintained in a cash trap reserve account in the event that as of any quarterly measurement date the Securitization Entities fail to maintain a debt service coverage ratio (or the ratio of Net Cash Flow to all debt service payments for the preceding four fiscal quarters) of at least 1.75:1. The amount of weekly cash flow that exceeds the required weekly allocations is generally remitted to the Company. However, once the required obligations are satisfied, there are no further restrictions, including payment of dividends, on the cash flows of the Securitization Entities.

As of June 11, 2016 the Company had restricted cash of $51 million related to interest and commitment fee reserves held by the trustee. Such restricted cash is included in Prepaid expenses and other current assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 11, 2016. Changes in restricted cash have been presented as a component of cash flows from operating activities in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows since the cash is restricted to the payment of interest.

We used certain of the proceeds from the issuance of the Class A-2 Notes to repay $2.0 billion borrowed under the Company’s December 8, 2015 Bridge Facility, as amended, at which time the Bridge Facility was terminated.  The remaining proceeds were used for costs associated with the securitization transaction, to return capital to shareholders through repurchases and for general corporate purposes.


15



Debt Issuances Subsequent to Quarter End

Subsequent to the end of the second quarter, on June 16, 2016, KFC Holding Co., Pizza Hut Holdings, LLC, a limited liability company, and TBA, as co-issuers (collectively, the “Issuers”), each of which is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, issued $1.05 billion aggregate principal amount of 5.00% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2024 and $1.05 billion aggregate principal amount of 5.25% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2026 (together, the “Subsidiary Senior Unsecured Notes”). Interest on each series of Subsidiary Senior Unsecured Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on June 1 and December 1, beginning on December 1, 2016. The Subsidiary Senior Unsecured Notes are guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by (i) the Company, (ii) Restaurant Services Group, LLC, Restaurant Concepts LLC and TBC, each of which is also a direct subsidiary of the Company (together, the “Specified Guarantors”) and (iii) by each of the Issuer’s and the Specified Guarantors’ domestic subsidiaries that guarantees the Issuers’ obligations under the credit agreement entered into on June 16, 2016 (the “Credit Agreement”). None of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries or the Securitization Entities guarantee the Subsidiary Senior Unsecured Notes. The indenture governing the Subsidiary Senior Unsecured Notes contains covenants and events of default that are customary for debt securities of this type.

Additionally, on June 16, 2016, each of the Issuers, as co-borrowers (the “Borrowers”) entered into the Credit Agreement providing for senior secured credit facilities consisting of a $2.0 billion Term Loan B facility (the “Term Loan B Facility”), a $500 million Term Loan A facility (the “Term Loan A Facility"), and a $1.0 billion revolving facility (undrawn at close) (the “Revolving Facility”), each of which may be increased subject to certain conditions. The term loan facilities are subject to quarterly amortization over the respective terms of the facilities. Interest on any outstanding borrowings under the Credit Agreement is payable at least quarterly.

The Term Loan A Facility is subject to quarterly amortization payments beginning one full fiscal quarter after the first anniversary of the closing date, in an amount equal to 1.25% of the initial principal amount of the facility, in each of the second and third years of the facility; in an amount equal to 1.875% of the initial principal amount of the facility, in the fourth year of the facility; and in an amount equal to 3.75% of the initial principal amount of the facility, in the fifth year of the facility, with the balance payable at maturity on the fifth anniversary of the closing date. The Term Loan B Facility is subject to quarterly amortization payments in an amount equal to 0.25% of the initial principal amount of the facility, with the balance payable at maturity on the seventh anniversary of the closing date.

The interest rate for the Term Loan A Facility and for borrowings under the Revolving Facility ranges from 2.00% to 2.50% plus LIBOR or from 1.00% to 1.50% plus the Base Rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement), at the Borrowers’ election, based upon the total net leverage ratio of the Borrowers, the Specified Guarantors and their restricted subsidiaries, excluding the Taco Bell Securitization Entities (collectively, the “Restricted Group”), with an initial margin of LIBOR plus 2.25% or the Base Rate plus 1.25%. The interest rate for the Term Loan B Facility is either LIBOR plus 2.75% or the Base Rate plus 1.75%, at the Borrowers’ election. Interest on any outstanding borrowings under the Credit Agreement is payable at least quarterly. The Term Loan B Facility matures in June 2023 and the Term Loan A Facility and the Revolving Facility mature in June 2021.

The Credit Agreement is subject to certain mandatory prepayments, including an amount equal to 50% of excess cash flow (as defined in the Credit Agreement) on an annual basis and the proceeds of certain asset sales, casualty events and issuances of indebtedness, subject to customary exceptions and reinvestment rights.

The Credit Agreement includes two financial maintenance covenants which will require the Borrowers to maintain a total leverage ratio of 5.0:1 or less and a fixed charge coverage ratio (defined as the ratio of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and rental expense minus capital expenditures to fixed charges (inclusive of rental expense and scheduled amortization)) of at least 1.5:1, each as of the last day of each fiscal quarter. The Credit Agreement includes other affirmative and negative covenants and events of default that are customary for facilities of this type. The Credit Agreement contains financial covenants relating to maintenance of leverage and fixed charge coverage ratios and, among other things, limitations on certain additional indebtedness and liens, and certain other transactions specified in the agreement.

The Subsidiary Senior Unsecured Notes and the Credit Agreement are unconditionally guaranteed by the Company and certain of the Issuers’ principal domestic subsidiaries, none of which are the Securitization Entities. The Credit Agreement is also secured by first priority liens on substantially all assets of the Issuers and each subsidiary guarantor, excluding the stock of certain subsidiaries and certain real property, and subject to other customary exceptions.

We used certain of the net proceeds from the issuances of the Subsidiary Senior Unsecured Notes and the Credit Agreement to repay all outstanding amounts on our existing senior unsecured revolving credit facility (the “Existing Unsecured Revolving Credit Facility”), which had outstanding borrowings of $738 million as of June 11, 2016. Concurrent with this repayment the Existing Unsecured Revolving Credit Facility was terminated. The remaining proceeds will be used by the Company to return capital to shareholders through share repurchases and/or a special dividend and for general corporate purposes.

16




Note 11 - Fair Value Measurements

As of June 11, 2016 the carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximated their fair values because of the short-term nature of these instruments. The fair values of notes receivable net of allowances and lease guarantees less subsequent amortization approximates their carrying values. The Company’s Existing Senior Unsecured Notes were estimated to have a fair value of $2.2 billion (Level 2), compared to their carrying value of $2.2 billion as of June 11, 2016. We estimated the fair value of this debt using market quotes and calculations based on market rates. No significant events have impacted the fair value of the Securitization Notes since their issuance on May 11, 2016.

The Company has foreign currency forwards and swaps accounted for as cash flow hedges and other investments, all of which are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. Foreign currency forwards and swaps are used to reduce our exposure to cash flow volatility arising from foreign currency fluctuations associated with certain foreign currency denominated intercompany receivables and payables. The fair values of these forwards, swaps and other investments were not material as of June 11, 2016. In addition, certain of the Company's assets such as property, plant and equipment, goodwill and intangible assets, are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis if determined to be impaired. During the quarter and year to date ended June 11, 2016, we recorded restaurant-level impairment (Level 3) of $35 million and $36 million, respectively. During the quarter and year to date ended June 13, 2015, we recorded restaurant-level impairment (Level 3) of $17 million and $18 million, respectively. The remaining net book value of the assets measured at fair value as of June 11, 2016, subsequent to these impairments, was not significant.


Note 12 - Guarantees, Commitments and Contingencies

Lease Guarantees

As a result of having assigned our interest in obligations under real estate leases as a condition to the refranchising of certain Company restaurants and guaranteeing certain other leases, we are frequently contingently liable on lease agreements.  These leases have varying terms, the latest of which expires in 2065.  As of June 11, 2016 the potential amount of undiscounted payments we could be required to make in the event of non-payment by the primary lessees was approximately $550 million.  The present value of these potential payments discounted at our pre-tax cost of debt at June 11, 2016 was approximately $475 million.  Our franchisees are the primary lessees under the vast majority of these leases.  We generally have cross-default provisions with these franchisees that would put them in default of their franchise agreements in the event of non-payment under the leases.  We believe these cross-default provisions significantly reduce the risk that we will be required to make payments under these leases.  Accordingly, the liability recorded for our probable exposure under such leases as of June 11, 2016 was not material.

Other Franchise Guarantees

We have provided guarantees of $19 million on behalf of franchisees for several financing programs related to specific initiatives.  The total loans outstanding under these financing programs were $53 million as of June 11, 2016.

Legal Proceedings

We are subject to various claims and contingencies related to lawsuits, real estate, environmental and other matters arising in the normal course of business. An accrual is recorded with respect to claims or contingencies for which a loss is determined to be probable and reasonably estimable.

The Company and Taco Bell were named as defendants in a number of putative class action suits filed in 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010 alleging violations of California labor laws including unpaid overtime, failure to timely pay wages on termination, failure to pay accrued vacation wages, failure to pay minimum wage, denial of meal and rest breaks, improper wage statements, unpaid business expenses, wrongful termination, discrimination, conversion and unfair or unlawful business practices in violation of California Business & Professions Code §17200. Some plaintiffs also sought penalties for alleged violations of California’s Labor Code under California’s Private Attorneys General Act (“PAGA”) as well as statutory “waiting time” penalties and alleged violations of California’s Unfair Business Practices Act. Plaintiffs sought to represent a California state-wide class of hourly employees.

These matters were consolidated, and the consolidated case is styled In Re Taco Bell Wage and Hour Actions. The In Re Taco Bell Wage and Hour Actions plaintiffs filed a consolidated complaint in June 2009, and in March 2010 the court approved the parties’ stipulation to dismiss the Company from the action, leaving Taco Bell as the sole defendant. Plaintiffs filed their motion for class certification on the vacation and final pay claims in December 2010, and on September 26, 2011 the court issued its order

17



denying the certification of the vacation and final pay claims. Plaintiffs then sought to certify four separate meal and rest break classes. On January 2, 2013, the court rejected three of the proposed classes but granted certification with respect to the late meal break class. The parties thereafter agreed on a list of putative class members, and the class notice and opt out forms were mailed on January 21, 2014.

Per order of the court, plaintiffs filed a second amended complaint to clarify the class claims. Plaintiffs also filed a motion for partial summary judgment. Taco Bell filed motions to strike and to dismiss, as well as a motion to alter or amend the second amended complaint. On August 29, 2014, the court denied plaintiffs’ motion for partial summary judgment. On that same date, the court granted Taco Bell’s motion to dismiss all but one of the PAGA claims. On October 29, 2014, plaintiffs filed a motion to amend the operative complaint and a motion to amend the class certification order. On December 16, 2014, the court partially granted both motions, rejecting plaintiffs’ proposed on-duty meal period class but certifying a limited rest break class and certifying an underpaid meal premium class, and allowing the plaintiffs to amend the complaint to reflect those certifications. On December 30, 2014, plaintiffs filed the third amended complaint. On February 26, 2015, the court denied a motion by Taco Bell to dismiss or strike the underpaid meal premium class.

Beginning on February 22, 2016, the late meal period class claim, the limited rest break class claim, the underpaid meal premium class claim, and the associated statutory “waiting time” penalty claim was tried to a jury. On March 9, 2016, the jury returned verdicts in favor of Taco Bell on the late meal period claim, the limited rest break claim, and the statutory “waiting time” penalty claim. The jury found for the plaintiffs on the underpaid meal premium class claim, awarding approximately $0.5 million. A bench trial was subsequently conducted with respect to the PAGA claims and plaintiffs’ Business & Professions Code §17200 claim. On April 8, 2016, the court returned a verdict in favor of Taco Bell on the PAGA claims and the §17200 claim. In a separate ruling issued the same day, the court also ruled that plaintiffs were entitled to prejudgment interest on the underpaid meal premium class claim, awarding approximately $0.3 million. Taco Bell denies liability as to the underpaid meal premium class claim and has filed a post-trial motion to overturn the verdict. Plaintiffs’ have also filed various post-trial motions and have indicated an intention to appeal the jury and court verdicts. We have provided for a reasonable estimate of the possible loss relating to this lawsuit. However, in view of the inherent uncertainties of litigation, there can be no assurance that this lawsuit will not result in losses in excess of those currently provided for in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

On May 16, 2013, a putative class action styled Bernardina Rodriguez v. Taco Bell Corp. was filed in California Superior Court. The plaintiff sought to represent a class of current and former California hourly restaurant employees alleging various violations of California labor laws including failure to provide meal and rest periods, failure to pay hourly wages, failure to provide accurate written wage statements, failure to timely pay all final wages, and unfair or unlawful business practices in violation of California Business & Professions Code §17200. This case appears to be duplicative of the In Re Taco Bell Wage and Hour Actions case described above. Taco Bell removed the case to federal court and, on June 25, 2013, plaintiff filed a first amended complaint to include a claim seeking penalties for alleged violations of PAGA. Taco Bell’s motion to dismiss or stay the action in light of the In Re Taco Bell Wage and Hour Actions case was denied on October 30, 2013. In April 2014 the parties stipulated to address the sufficiency of plaintiff’s legal theory as to her discount meal break claim before conducting full discovery. A hearing on the parties’ cross-summary judgment motions was held on October 22, 2014, and on October 23, 2014, the court granted Taco Bell’s motion for summary judgment on the discount meal break claim and denied plaintiff’s motion. Trial was set for mid-April 2016. Plaintiff ceased to actively pursue this matter and failed to timely file the required pre-trial statement. Subsequently, plaintiff filed a request to dismiss with prejudice all of her remaining claims, which the court approved on March 2, 2016. Plaintiff then filed a notice of appeal concerning the court’s summary judgment ruling. The Ninth Circuit has set a briefing schedule, with plaintiff’s brief currently due on July 27, 2016, and Taco Bell’s answering brief due August 26, 2016.

Taco Bell denies liability and intends to vigorously defend against all claims in this lawsuit. A reasonable estimate of the amount of any possible loss or range of loss cannot be made at this time.

We are engaged in various other legal proceedings and have certain unresolved claims pending, the ultimate liability for which, if any, cannot be determined at this time. However, based upon consultation with legal counsel, we are of the opinion that such proceedings and claims are not expected to have a material adverse effect, individually or in the aggregate, on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


18



Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Introduction and Overview

Yum! Brands, Inc. (“YUM” or the “Company”) operates, franchises or licenses a worldwide system of nearly 43,000 restaurants in more than 130 countries and territories, primarily through the concepts of KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell. These three concepts are the global leaders in the chicken, pizza and Mexican-style food categories, respectively. Of the nearly 43,000 restaurants, 21% are operated by the Company and 79% are operated by franchisees, licensees or unconsolidated affiliates.

YUM currently consists of four reporting segments:

YUM China (“China” or “China Division”) which includes all operations in mainland China
The KFC Division which includes all operations of the KFC concept outside of China Division
The Pizza Hut Division which includes all operations of the Pizza Hut concept outside of China Division
The Taco Bell Division which includes all operations of the Taco Bell concept

Effective January 2016 our India business was segmented by brand, integrated into the global KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell Divisions, and is no longer a separate operating segment. While our consolidated results were not impacted, we have restated our historical segment information for consistent presentation.

In October 2015 we announced our intent to separate YUM’s China business from YUM into an independent, publicly-traded company. This transaction, which is expected to be a tax-free spin-off of our China business, will create two powerful, independent, focused growth companies with distinct strategies, financial profiles and investment characteristics. The new China entity will become a licensee of YUM in mainland China, with exclusive rights to the KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell concepts. Upon completion of the planned spin-off, which currently has a targeted completion date around October 31, 2016, YUM will become more of a "pure play" franchisor with more stable earnings, higher profit margins, lower capital requirements and stronger cash flow conversion. Consistent with this strategy YUM is targeting at least 96% franchisee ownership of its restaurants by the end of 2017.

We are returning substantial capital to shareholders as part of this planned spin-off, the majority of which is being funded by incremental borrowings. As a result of this recapitalization, which was completed in June 2016 subsequent to our second quarter end, the Company has transitioned to a non-investment grade credit rating with a balance sheet more consistent with highly-levered peer restaurant franchise companies. Moreover, this allows for an ongoing return-of-capital framework that will seek to optimize the Company's long-term growth rate on a per-share basis.

Completion of the spin-off will be subject to certain conditions, including receiving final approval from the YUM Board of Directors, receipt of various regulatory approvals, receipt of an opinion of counsel with respect to certain tax matters, the effectiveness of filings related to public listing and applicable securities laws, and other terms and conditions as may be determined by the Board of Directors. There can be no assurance regarding the ultimate timing of the proposed transaction or that the transaction will be completed.

This Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) should be read in conjunction with the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (“Financial Statements”), the Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 26, 2015 (“2015 Form 10-K”). References to YUM throughout this discussion are made in first person notations of “we,” “us” or “our.”

We intend for this MD&A to provide the reader with information that will assist in understanding our results of operations, including performance metrics that management uses to assess the Company's performance. Throughout this MD&A, we commonly discuss the following performance metrics:

The Company provides certain percentage changes excluding the impact of foreign currency translation (“FX” or “Forex”).  These amounts are derived by translating current year results at prior year average exchange rates.  We believe the elimination of the foreign currency translation impact provides better year-to-year comparability without the distortion of foreign currency fluctuations.

System sales growth includes the results of all restaurants regardless of ownership, including company-owned, franchise, unconsolidated affiliate and license restaurants that operate our Concepts, except for non-company-owned restaurants for which we do not receive a sales-based royalty.  Sales of franchise, unconsolidated affiliate and license restaurants typically generate ongoing franchise and license fees for the Company (typically at a rate of 4% to 6% of sales).  Franchise, unconsolidated affiliate and license restaurant sales are not included in Company sales on the Condensed Consolidated

19



Statements of Income; however, the franchise and license fees are included in the Company’s revenues.  We believe system sales growth is useful to investors as a significant indicator of the overall strength of our business as it incorporates all of our revenue drivers, Company and franchise same-store sales as well as net unit growth.

Same-store sales growth is the estimated percentage change in sales of all restaurants that have been open and in the YUM system one year or more.

Company Restaurant profit ("Restaurant profit") is defined as Company sales less expenses incurred directly by our Company-owned restaurants in generating Company sales.  Company restaurant margin as a percentage of sales is defined as Restaurant profit divided by Company sales. Within the Company Sales and Restaurant Profit analyses, Store Portfolio Actions represent the net impact of new unit openings, acquisitions, refranchising and store closures, and Other primarily represents the impact of same-store sales as well as the impact of changes in costs such as inflation/deflation.

Operating Margin is Operating Profit divided by Total revenues.

In addition to the results provided in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") , the Company has provided non-GAAP measurements which present Diluted Earnings Per Share before Special Items and Core Operating Profit. Core Operating Profit excludes Special Items and foreign currency translation and we use Core Operating Profit for the purposes of evaluating performance internally. Special Items are not included in any of our externally reported segment results, and we believe the elimination of the foreign currency translation impact provides better year-to-year comparability without the distortion of foreign currency fluctuations. These non-GAAP measurements are not intended to replace the presentation of our financial results in accordance with GAAP.  Rather, the Company believes that the presentation of Diluted Earnings Per Share before Special Items and Core Operating Profit provide additional information to investors to facilitate the comparison of past and present operations, excluding items that the Company does not believe are indicative of our ongoing operations due to their size and/or nature.

All Note references herein refer to the accompanying Notes to the Financial Statements.  Tabular amounts are displayed in millions of U.S. dollars except per share and unit count amounts, or as otherwise specifically identified. Percentages may not recompute due to rounding.


20



2016 Growth Model

As communicated in December 2015 (see specific guidance at www.yum.com/investors/financial-information/guidance) we expected Core Operating Profit growth of 10% in 2016, which includes the impact of 2016 having a 53rd week for certain of our businesses (our subsidiaries that report on a monthly basis, including our China Division, do not have a 53rd week). While we currently expect to spin off our China business around October 31, 2016, our targets assume our China business will remain part of YUM through the end of 2016. Full year GAAP Operating profit growth guidance is not provided due to our inability to forecast when gains and losses related to refranchising transactions classified as Special Items will occur, as the timing of these transactions is often outside of our control and the resulting gains and losses are dependent upon future market conditions.

Results of Operations

Summary  

For the quarter ended June 11, 2016 GAAP diluted EPS increased 54% to $0.81 per share, and diluted EPS, excluding Special Items, increased 9% to $0.75 per share.

For the year to date ended June 11, 2016 GAAP diluted EPS increased 30% to $1.74 per share, and diluted EPS, excluding Special Items, increased 14% to $1.71 per share.

Quarterly Division highlights:

 
% Change
 
System Sales(a)
Same-Store Sales
Units
GAAP Operating Profit
Core Operating Profit
China Division
+3
Even
+6
+1
+6
KFC Division
+6
+2
+3
Even
+6
Pizza Hut Division
+1
Even
+1
+6
+7
Taco Bell Division
+2
(1)
+3
(1)
(1)
Worldwide
+3
Even
+3
+32
+7

Year to date Division highlights:

 
% Change
 
System Sales(a)
Same-Store Sales
Units
GAAP Operating Profit
Core Operating Profit
China Division
+7
+2
+6
+20
+26
KFC Division
+5
+1
+3
(2)
+5
Pizza Hut Division
+3
+1
+1
+7
+8
Taco Bell Division
+3
Even
+3
+1
+1
Worldwide
+4
+1
+3
+20
+14

(a)
System Sales percentages as shown in tables exclude the impact of foreign currency translation.

Additionally:

Foreign currency translation negatively impacted our reported quarterly and year to date Operating Profit by $16 million and $44 million, respectively, which included $7 million and $20 million, respectively, from our China Division.

Our effective tax rate for the quarter, excluding Special Items, decreased to 24.6% from 25.6%. Our year to date effective tax rate, excluding Special Items, increased to 24.8% from 24.4%.


21



Given our strong first-half results and current trends in China, we are raising our 2016 Core Operating Profit growth forecast for YUM to at least 14% versus our original target of 10%. This increase is due to upside versus our original forecast in China, including strong year to date KFC sales, margin and profit growth and a balance of year that will be aided by a change in China's retail tax structure, partially offset by a return to commodity inflation and higher labor costs. Outside of China our three brand divisions remain on track to deliver results consistent with our initial 2016 targets.

Effective May 1, 2016 the Chinese government implemented reform of its retail tax structure, which is intended to be a progressive and positive shift to more closely align with a more modern service-based economy. Under this reform a 6% output value added tax ("VAT") replaces a 5% Business Tax currently applied to certain restaurant sales. Input VAT is creditable to the aforementioned 6% output VAT. We believe this change will have a material benefit to Yum China restaurant margins balance of year. However, the scale and nature of the reform, along with implementation and transition challenges, make it very difficult to pinpoint the exact magnitude of the impact. For the balance of the year we expect labor and commodity inflation to partially offset this benefit. Given this and our first half outperformance, our current guidance for full-year China restaurant margins is now at least 17% versus 16% previously.

Worldwide

The Consolidated Results of Operations for the quarters ended June 11, 2016 and June 13, 2015 are presented below:
 
Quarter ended
 
Year to date
 
2016
 
2015
 
% B/(W)
 
2016
 
2015
 
% B/(W)
Company sales
$
2,554

 
$
2,659

 
(4
)
 
 
$
4,719


$
4,838

 
(2
)
 
Franchise and license fees and income
454

 
446

 
2

 
 
908


889

 
2

 
Total revenues
$
3,008

 
$
3,105

 
(3
)
 
 
$
5,627


$
5,727

 
(2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restaurant profit
$
408


$
411

 
(1
)
 
 
$
841


$
793

 
6

 
Restaurant margin %
16.0
%
 
15.5
%
 
0.5

ppts.
 
17.8
%
 
16.4
%
 
1.4

ppts.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General and administrative ("G&A") expenses
$
365

 
$
353

 
(3
)
 
 
$
651


$
648

 
(1
)
 
Franchise and license expenses
50


47

 
(8
)
 
 
98


81

 
(20
)
 
Closures and impairment (income) expenses
37


24

 
(60
)
 
 
40


27

 
(52
)
 
Refranchising (gain) loss
(53
)

68

 
NM

 
 
(60
)

58

 
NM

 
Other (income) expense
(28
)

(6
)
 
NM

 
 
(35
)

(9
)
 
NM

 
Operating Profit
$
491


$
371

 
32

 
 
$
1,055


$
877

 
20

 
Operating margin %
16.3
%
 
12.0
%
 
4.3

ppts.
 
18.8
%
 
15.3
%
 
3.5

ppts.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
$
40

 
$
33

 
(22
)
 
 
77

 
67

 
(15
)
 
Income tax provision
116


102

 
(13
)
 
 
248

 
213

 
(16
)
 
Effective Tax Rate
25.8
%

30.4
%
 
4.6

ppts.
 
25.4
%

26.3
%
 
0.9
ppts.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income – including noncontrolling interests
$
335


$
236

 
42

 
 
$
730


$
597

 
22

 
Net Income (loss) – noncontrolling interests
(4
)

1

 
NM

 
 



 
NM

 
Net Income – YUM! Brands, Inc.
$
339


$
235

 
44

 
 
$
730


$
597

 
22

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share (a)
$
0.81


$
0.53

 
54

 
 
$
1.74


$
1.34

 
30

 
Diluted earnings per share before Special Items (a)
$
0.75

 
$
0.69

 
9

 
 
$
1.71

 
$
1.50

 
14

 

(a)
See Note 2 for the number of shares used in this calculation.

22



 
Quarter ended
 
 
 
 
Year to date
 
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
System Sales Growth, reported
%
 
(2
)%
 
 
 
1
%
 
(1
)%
 
 
 
System Sales Growth, excluding FX
3
%
 
3
 %
 
 
 
4
%
 
4
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unit Count
6/11/2016

 
6/13/2015

 
% Increase (Decrease)
 
 
 
 
 
Franchise & License
33,186

 
32,190

 
3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Company-owned
8,896

 
8,785

 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unconsolidated Affiliates
811

 
773

 
5
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
42,893

 
41,748

 
3
 


 


 
 


23



Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measurements to GAAP Results

 
 
Quarter ended
 
Year to date
Detail of Special Items
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Costs associated with the planned spin-off of the China business and YUM recapitalization (See Note 4)
 
$
(10
)
 
$

 
$
(19
)
 
$

Costs associated with KFC U.S. Acceleration Agreement (See Note 4)
 
(8
)
 
(8
)
 
(17
)
 
(10
)
Refranchising initiatives(a)
 
53

 
(72
)
 
56

 
(65
)
Other Special Items Income (Expense)
 
(6
)
 
2

 
(6
)
 
2

Total Special Items Income (Expense)
 
29

 
(78
)
 
14

 
(73
)
Tax Benefit (Expense) on Special Items(b)
 
$
(13
)
 
$
3

 
$
(9
)
 
$
1

Special Items Income (Expense), net of tax - including noncontrolling interests
 
$
16

 
$
(75
)
 
5

 
(72
)
Special Items Income (Expense), net of tax - noncontrolling interests (See Note 6)
 
(8
)
 

 
(8
)
 

Special Items Income (Expense), net of tax - YUM! Brands, Inc.
 
$
24

 
$
(75
)
 
$
13

 
$
(72
)
Average diluted shares outstanding
 
417


445

 
420


446

Special Items diluted EPS
 
$
0.06

 
$
(0.16
)
 
$
0.03

 
$
(0.16
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reconciliation of Core Operating Profit to GAAP Operating Profit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Core Operating Profit
 
$
478

 
$
449

 
$
1,085

 
$
950

Special Items Income (Expense)
 
29

 
(78
)
 
14

 
(73
)
Foreign Currency Impact on Operating Profit
 
(16
)
 
N/A

 
(44
)
 
N/A

GAAP Operating Profit
 
$
491


$
371


$
1,055


$
877

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reconciliation of EPS Before Special Items to GAAP EPS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted EPS before Special Items
 
$
0.75

 
$
0.69

 
$
1.71

 
$
1.50

Special Items EPS
 
0.06

 
(0.16
)
 
0.03

 
(0.16
)
GAAP EPS
 
$
0.81


$
0.53


$
1.74


$
1.34

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reconciliation of Effective Tax Rate Before Special Items to GAAP Effective Tax Rate
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effective Tax Rate before Special Items
 
24.6
%
 
25.6
%
 
24.8
%
 
24.4
%
Impact on Tax Rate as a result of Special Items(b)
 
1.2
%
 
4.8
%
 
0.6
%
 
1.9
%
GAAP Effective Tax Rate
 
25.8
%

30.4
%

25.4
%

26.3
%

(a)
We have historically recorded refranchising gains and losses in the U.S. as Special Items due to the scope of our refranchising program and the volatility in associated gains and losses. Beginning in 2016, we are also including all international refranchising gains and losses, excluding China, in Special Items. The inclusion in Special Items of these additional international refranchising gains and losses is the result of the anticipated size and volatility of refranchising initiatives outside the U.S. that will take place in connection with our previously announced plans to increase franchise ownership of our global restaurants to at least 96% by the end of 2017. International refranchising gains and losses in the quarter and year to date ended June 13, 2015 previously not included in Special Items were not significant and have not been reclassified into Special Items. (See Note 4)

(b)
The tax benefit (expense) was determined based upon the impact of the nature, as well as the jurisdiction of the respective individual components within Special Items.



24



China Division

The China Division has 7,246 units, predominately KFC and Pizza Hut Casual Dining restaurants which are the leading quick service and casual dining restaurant brands, respectively, in mainland China. Given our strong competitive position, a growing economy and a population of approximately 1.4 billion in mainland China, the Company has rapidly added KFC and Pizza Hut Casual Dining restaurants and accelerated the development of Pizza Hut Home Service (home delivery). Our original 2016 targets for the China Division included same-store sales growth of 2%-3%, at least 425 net new units and Operating Profit growth of 10%, excluding the impact of foreign currency translation. Given our strong year to date KFC sales, margin and profit growth and a balance of year that will be aided by the change in China's retail tax structure effective May 1, 2016, partially offset by a return to commodity inflation and higher labor costs, we believe 2016 operating profit growth will be greater than originally expected. Additionally, we are reallocating our capital to increase our pace of remodels in China to nearly 800 in 2016, up from our previous target of 550. At the same time we are reducing both our gross and net new unit forecasts for the year by around 50 to 100 openings versus our original expectations. This is primarily due to fewer new Pizza Hut Casual Dining unit openings this year.
 
 
Quarter ended
 
Year to date
 
 
 
 
 
 
% B/(W)
 
 
 
 
 
% B/(W)
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
Reported
 
Ex FX
 
2016
 
2015
 
Reported
 
Ex FX
Company sales
 
$
1,558

 
$
1,608

 
(3
)
 
 
1

 
 
$
2,836

 
$
2,843

 

 
 
5

 
Franchise and license fees and income
 
30

 
28

 
7

 
 
12

 
 
55

 
49

 
12

 
 
18

 
Total revenues
 
$
1,588

 
$
1,636

 
(3
)
 
 
2

 
 
$
2,891

 
$
2,892

 

 
 
5