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Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period                     to                    

Commission File No. 000-54899

 

 

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Maryland   80-0789789

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

520 Madison Avenue, 38th Floor, New York, NY 10022

(Address of principal executive office) (Zip Code)

(212) 813-4900

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days:    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ¨    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   x  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class

 

Outstanding at May 9, 2016

Common stock, $0.01 par value   34,856,996

 

 

 


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

INDEX

 

Part I.

 

Financial Information

  

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements

  
 

Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities as of March 31, 2016 (unaudited) and December 31, 2015

     3   
 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 (unaudited) and March 31, 2015 (unaudited)

     4   
 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Net Assets for the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 (unaudited) and March 31, 2015 (unaudited)

     5   
 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 (unaudited) and March 31, 2015 (unaudited)

     6   
 

Consolidated Schedules of Investments as of March 31, 2016 (unaudited) and December 31, 2015

     7   
 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

     22   

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     49   

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     67   

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

     68   

Part II.

  Other Information   

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

     70   

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

     70   

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     70   

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     70   

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

     70   

Item 5.

 

Other Information

     70   

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

     70   
 

Signatures

     71   

 

2


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES

(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

     March 31,
2016
    December 31,
2015
 
     (unaudited)        

ASSETS

    

Investments, at fair value

    

Investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated, at fair value (amortized cost of $1,182,885 and $1,079,720, respectively)

   $ 1,144,740      $ 1,052,666   

Investments—controlled/affiliated, at fair value (amortized cost of $1 and $0, respectively)

     1        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investments, at fair value (amortized cost of $1,182,886 and $1,079,720, respectively)

     1,144,741        1,052,666   

Cash and cash equivalents

     31,571        41,837   

Receivable for investment sold

     —          1,987   

Deferred financing costs

     3,665        3,877   

Interest receivable

     3,198        3,279   

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     16        386   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,183,191      $ 1,104,032   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES

    

Payable for investments purchased

   $ 18,258      $ —     

Secured borrowings (Note 6)

     279,313        234,313   

2015-1 Notes payable, net of unamortized debt issuance costs of $2,305 and $2,356, respectively (Note 7)

     270,695        270,644   

Due to Investment Adviser

     68        189   

Interest and credit facility fees payable (Note 6 and 7)

     3,015        2,577   

Dividend payable (Note 9)

     13,337        18,284   

Base management and incentive fees payable (Note 4)

     8,440        5,277   

Administrative service fees payable (Note 4)

     147        97   

Other accrued expenses and liabilities

     1,163        925   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     594,436        532,306   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Notes 8 and 11)

    

NET ASSETS

    

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 33,343,149 shares and 31,524,083 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

     333        315   

Paid-in capital in excess of par value

     647,000        613,944   

Offering costs

     (74     (74

Accumulated net investment income (loss), net of cumulative dividends of $79,188 and $65,851 at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

     (14,371     (12,994

Accumulated net realized gain (loss)

     (5,988     (2,411

Accumulated net unrealized appreciation (depreciation)

     (38,145     (27,054
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net assets

   $ 588,755      $ 571,726   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET ASSETS PER SHARE

   $ 17.66      $ 18.14   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

3


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

 

     For the three month periods ended  
       March 31, 2016         March 31, 2015    

Investment income:

    

Interest income from non-controlled/non-affiliated investments

   $ 22,111      $ 12,617   

Other income from non-controlled/non-affiliated investments

     999        362   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investment income

     23,110        12,979   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Expenses:

    

Base management fees (Note 4)

     4,140        2,723   

Incentive fees (Note 4)

     2,990        1,620   

Professional fees

     431        384   

Administrative service fees (Note 4)

     148        112   

Interest expense (Note 6 and 7)

     3,599        1,780   

Credit facility fees (Note 6)

     599        428   

Directors’ fees and expenses

     120        101   

Other general and administrative

     503        259   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

     12,530        7,407   

Waiver of base management fees (Note 4)

     1,380        908   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net expenses

     11,150        6,499   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net investment income (loss)

     11,960        6,480   

Net realized gain (loss) and net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments:

    

Net realized gain (loss) on investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated

     (3,577     (264

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated

     (11,091     3,572   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net realized gain (loss) and net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments

     (14,668     3,308   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

   $ (2,708   $ 9,788   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic and diluted earnings per common share (Note 9)

   $ (0.08   $ 0.50   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding—Basic and Diluted (Note 9)

     31,945,959        19,577,942   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Dividends declared per common share (Note 9)

   $ 0.40      $ 0.37   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

4


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN NET ASSETS

(dollar amounts in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

     For the three month periods ended  
       March 31, 2016         March 31, 2015    

Increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations:

    

Net investment income (loss)

   $ 11,960      $ 6,480   

Net realized gain (loss) on investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated

     (3,577     (264

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated

     (11,091     3,572   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

     (2,708     9,788   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Capital transactions:

    

Common stock issued

     33,000        63,005   

Reinvestment of dividends

     74        20   

Dividends declared (Note 12)

     (13,337     (7,833
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from capital share transactions

     19,737        55,192   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets

     17,029        64,980   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net assets at beginning of period

     571,726        338,257   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net assets at end of period

   $ 588,755      $ 403,237   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

5


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(dollar amounts in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

     For the three month periods ended  
       March 31, 2016         March 31, 2015    

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

   $ (2,708   $ 9,788   

Adjustments to reconcile net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

    

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     264        232   

Net accretion of discount on securities

     (611     (329

Net realized (gain) loss on investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated

     3,577        264   

Net change in unrealized (appreciation) depreciation on investments—non- controlled/non-affiliated

     11,091        (3,572

Cost of investments purchased and change in payable for investments purchased

     (114,034     (134,065

Proceeds from sales and repayments of investments and change in receivable for investments sold

     28,146        17,596   

Changes in operating assets:

    

Interest receivable

     81        2,290   

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     370        147   

Changes in operating liabilities:

    

Due to Investment Adviser

     (121     42   

Interest and credit facility fees payable

     438        268   

Base management and incentive fees payable

     3,163        (2,627

Administrative service fees payable

     50        (39

Other accrued expenses and liabilities

     238        146   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     (70,056     (109,859
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

     33,000        63,005   

Borrowings on Revolving Credit Facility and Facility

     111,000        105,699   

Repayments of Facility

     (66,000     (51,000

Dividends paid in cash

     (18,210     (6,256
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     59,790        111,448   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (10,266     1,589   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     41,837        8,754   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 31,571      $ 10,343   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures:

    

Interest paid during the period

   $ 3,227      $ 1,450   

Dividends declared during the period

   $ 13,337      $ 7,833   

Reinvestment of dividends

   $ 74      $ 20   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

6


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

As of March 31, 2016

(dollar amounts in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

Investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated (1)

  Industry   Interest
Rate
    Maturity
Date
    Par/
Principal
Amount
    Amortized
Cost (6)
    Fair
Value (7)
    Percentage
of
Net Assets
 

First Lien Debt (77.20%)

             

Access CIG, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Business Services     6.00     10/17/2021      $ 18,476      $ 18,346      $ 18,226        3.10

AF Borrower LLC (Accuvant) (2) (3) (4) (13)

  High Tech Industries     6.25        1/28/2022        16,236        16,022        16,012        2.72   

Alpha Packaging Holdings, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Containers, Packaging & Glass     5.25        5/12/2020        11,409        11,399        11,193        1.90   

Anaren, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Telecommunications     5.50        2/18/2021        10,953        10,873        10,721        1.82   

APX Group, Inc. (5) (8)

  Consumer Services     6.38        12/1/2019        10,000        9,762        10,030        1.70   

Audax AAMP Holdings Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Durable Consumer Goods     6.50        6/24/2017        10,875        10,816        10,698        1.82   

BAART Programs, Inc. (2) (4)

  Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals     8.38        10/9/2021        7,462        7,405        7,521        1.28   

Blue Bird Body Company (2) (3) (4) (8) (13)

  Transportation: Consumer     6.50        6/27/2020        9,350        8,992        9,062        1.54   

Brooks Equipment Company, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Construction & Building     6.00        8/29/2020        7,062        7,016        6,925        1.18   

Capstone Logistics Acquisition, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Transportation: Cargo     5.50        10/7/2021        19,750        19,589        19,330        3.28   

Captive Resources Midco, LLC (2) (3) (4) (5) (9) (13)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance &
Real Estate
    6.75        6/30/2020        29,275        28,839        28,819        4.90   

Castle Management Borrower LLC (Highgate Hotels L.P.) (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Hotel, Gaming & Leisure     5.50        9/18/2020        9,853        9,785        9,530        1.62   

Central Security Group, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (5) (13)

  Consumer Services     6.63        10/6/2020        28,877        28,460        28,940        4.92   

Colony Hardware Corporation (2) (3) (4) (13) (21)

  Construction & Building     7.00        10/23/2021        12,968        12,704        12,865        2.19   

CRCI Holdings Inc. (CLEAResult Consulting, Inc.) (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Utilities: Electric     5.25        7/10/2019        5,895        5,878        5,761        0.98   

Dent Wizard International Corporation (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Automotive     5.75        4/7/2020        7,661        7,629        7,540        1.28   

Dimensional Dental Management, LLC (2) (3) (5) (12) (15)

  Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals     8.00        2/12/2021        18,000        17,548        17,664        3.00   

Emerging Markets Communications, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Telecommunications     6.75        7/1/2021        17,865        16,244        16,525        2.81   

EP Minerals, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Metals & Mining     5.50        8/20/2020        10,342        10,305        10,140        1.72   

FCX Holdings Corp. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Capital Equipment     5.50        8/4/2020        10,021        10,016        9,793        1.66   

Genex Holdings, Inc. (2) (3) (13)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance &
Real Estate
    5.25        5/30/2021        4,232        4,217        4,090        0.69   

Green Energy Partners/Stonewall LLC (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Energy: Electricity     6.50        11/13/2021        16,600        16,460        16,498        2.80   

Hummel Station LLC (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Energy: Electricity     7.00        10/27/2022        21,000        20,223        20,780        3.53   

Imagine! Print Solutions, LLC (2) (3) (4) (5)

  Media: Advertising, Printing &
Publishing
    7.00        3/30/2022        18,600        18,321        18,786        3.19   

Imperial Bag & Paper Co. LLC (2) (3) (4) (5)

  Forest Products & Paper     7.00        1/7/2022        21,384        21,085        21,382        3.63   

Indra Holdings Corp. (Totes Isotoner) (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Non-durable Consumer Goods     5.25        5/1/2021        14,285        14,178        13,264        2.25   

International Medical Group, Inc. (2) (3) (5) (12)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance &
Real Estate
    5.75        10/30/2020        30,000        29,437        29,703        5.05   

Jackson Hewitt Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Retail     8.00        7/30/2020        14,800        14,538        14,612        2.48   

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

7


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS (Continued)

As of March 31, 2016

(dollar amounts in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

Investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated (1)

 

Industry

  Interest
Rate
    Maturity
Date
    Par/
Principal
Amount
    Amortized
Cost (6)
    Fair
Value (7)
    Percentage
of
Net Assets
 

First Lien Debt (77.20%) (continued)

             

Jensen Hughes, Inc. (2) (3) (5) (20)

  Construction & Building     6.00     12/4/2021      $ 14,900      $ 14,711      $ 14,474        2.46

Language Line, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Telecommunications     6.50        7/7/2021        23,365        23,157        23,189        3.94   

Miller Heiman, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Business Services     7.00        9/30/2019        19,016        18,910        14,368        2.44   

Ministry Brands, LLC (2) (3) (5) (10) (18)

  High Tech Industries     8.00        11/20/2021        994        972        960        0.16   

Ministry Brands, LLC (2) (3) (5) (12) (19)

  High Tech Industries     8.00        11/20/2021        25,374        24,975        25,069        4.26   

MSX International, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Automotive     6.00        8/21/2020        9,499        9,427        9,285        1.58   

National Technical Systems, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (5) (13) (14)

  Aerospace & Defense     7.00        6/12/2021        25,870        25,557        24,740        4.20   

NES Global Talent Finance US LLC (United Kingdom) (2) (3) (4) (8) (13)

  Energy: Oil & Gas     6.50        10/3/2019        11,719        11,569        10,873        1.85   

Paradigm Acquisition Corp. (2) (3) (4) (5) (13)

  Business Services     6.00        6/2/2022        23,423        23,106        22,964        3.90   

Pelican Products, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Containers, Packaging & Glass     5.25        4/11/2020        7,643        7,657        6,815        1.16   

Plano Molding Company, LLC (2) (3) (4) (5) (13)

  Hotel, Gaming & Leisure     7.00        5/12/2021        22,431        22,245        21,726        3.69   

Product Quest Manufacturing, LLC (2) (3) (4) (5) (12)

  Containers, Packaging & Glass     6.75        9/9/2020        28,000        27,498        27,294        4.64   

Prowler Acquisition Corp. (Pipeline Supply and Service, LLC) (2) (3) (4)

  Wholesale     5.50        1/28/2020        10,883        10,812        7,952        1.35   

PSC Industrial Holdings Corp (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Environmental Industries     5.75        12/5/2020        11,850        11,756        11,526        1.96   

PSI Services LLC (2) (3) (4) (5) (12)

  Business Services     8.00        2/27/2021        27,927        27,272        27,485        4.67   

SolAero Technologies Corp. (2) (3) (4)

  Telecommunications     5.75        12/10/2020        10,827        10,748        10,487        1.78   

SolAero Technologies Corp. (2) (3) (13)

  Telecommunications     6.25        12/10/2020        9,104        9,026        8,860        1.50   

Synarc-Biocore Holdings, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals     5.50        3/10/2021        13,230        13,133        12,684        2.15   

TASC, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (8) (13)

  Aerospace & Defense     7.00        5/23/2020        18,301        17,694        18,152        3.08   

Teaching Strategies, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Media: Advertising, Printing & Publishing     6.13        10/1/2019        13,858        13,812        13,741        2.33   

The Hilb Group, LLC (2) (3) (5) (12) (13)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate     6.75        6/24/2021        33,492        32,831        33,361        5.67   

The Hygenic Corporation (Performance Health) (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Non-durable Consumer Goods     6.00        10/11/2020        15,880        15,689        15,388        2.61   

The SI Organization, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Aerospace & Defense     5.75        11/23/2019        8,756        8,697        8,709        1.48   

The Topps Company, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Non-durable Consumer Goods     7.25        10/2/2018        11,366        11,369        11,366        1.93   

TruckPro, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Automotive     6.00        8/6/2018        9,585        9,553        9,416        1.60   

U.S. Farathane, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Automotive     6.75        12/23/2021        15,620        15,350        15,476        2.63   

Vetcor Professional Practices, LLC (2) (3) (4) (5) (13) (16)

  Consumer Services     7.00        4/20/2021        11,869        11,694        11,796        2.00   

Violin Finco S.A.R.L. (Alexander Mann Solutions)

             

(United Kingdom) (2) (3) (4) (8) (13)

  Business Services     5.75        12/20/2019        11,221        11,150        11,212        1.90   

Vistage Worldwide Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Business Services     6.50        8/19/2021        29,625        29,354        29,311        4.98   

Vitera Healthcare Solutions, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals     6.00        11/4/2020        9,413        9,348        9,152        1.55   

Zest Holdings, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Durable Consumer Goods     5.25        8/16/2020        9,530        9,530        9,459        1.61   
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

First Lien Debt Total

          $ 894,689      $ 883,700        150.10
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

8


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS (Continued)

As of March 31, 2016

(dollar amounts in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

Investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated (1)

 

Industry

  Interest
Rate
    Maturity
Date
    Par/
Principal
Amount
    Amortized
Cost (6)
    Fair
Value (7)
    Percentage
of
Net Assets
 

Second Lien Debt (19.91%)

             

AF Borrower LLC (Accuvant) (2) (3) (5)

  High Tech Industries     10.00     1/30/2023      $ 8,000      $ 7,929      $ 7,360        1.25

AIM Group USA Inc. (2) (3) (5)

  Aerospace & Defense     10.00        8/2/2022        23,000        22,673        21,590        3.67   

Allied Security Holdings LLC (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Business Services     8.00        8/13/2021        8,000        7,950        7,380        1.25   

AmeriLife Group, LLC (2) (3) (5)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate     9.75        1/10/2023        20,000        19,629        19,060        3.24   

Argon Medical Devices, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (5)

  Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals     10.50        6/23/2022        24,000        23,311        23,191        3.94   

Berlin Packaging L.L.C. (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Containers, Packaging & Glass     7.75        10/1/2022        9,200        9,140        8,200        1.39   

Charter NEX US Holdings, Inc. (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Chemicals, Plastics & Rubber     9.25        2/5/2023        10,000        9,867        9,444        1.60   

Confie Seguros Holding II Co. (2) (3) (5)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate     10.25        5/8/2019        12,000        11,902        11,589        1.97   

Creganna Finance (US) LLC (Ireland) (2) (3) (5) (8)

  Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals     10.50        6/1/2022        9,900        9,816        9,999        1.70   

DiversiTech Corporation (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Capital Equipment     10.50        11/19/2022        8,400        8,296        8,084        1.37   

Drew Marine Group Inc. (2) (3) 4) (5)

  Chemicals, Plastics & Rubber     8.00        5/19/2021        12,500        12,479        11,706        1.99   

Genex Holdings, Inc. (2) (3) (5)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate     8.75        5/30/2022        7,990        7,908        7,389        1.26   

Genoa, a QoL Healthcare Company, LLC (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Retail     8.75        4/28/2023        9,900        9,809        9,507        1.61   

Institutional Shareholder Services Inc. (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate     8.50        4/30/2022        12,500        12,399        11,968        2.03   

Jazz Acquisition, Inc. (Wencor) (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Aerospace & Defense     7.75        6/19/2022        6,700        6,674        5,471        0.93   

Landslide Holdings, Inc. (LANDesk Software) (2) (3) (13)

  Software     8.25        2/25/2021        3,500        3,480        3,121        0.53   

MRI Software, LLC (2) (3) (5)

  Software     9.00        6/23/2022        11,250        11,097        10,659        1.81   

Phillips-Medisize Corporation (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Chemicals, Plastics & Rubber     8.25        6/16/2022        5,000        4,960        4,445        0.76   

Power Stop, LLC (5) (17)

  Automotive     11.00        5/29/2022        10,000        9,817        9,987        1.70   

Prime Security Services Borrower, LLC (Protection One, Inc.) (2) (3) (5)

  Consumer Services     9.75        7/1/2022        6,700        6,610        6,259        1.06   

Prowler Acquisition Corp. (Pipeline Supply and Service, LLC) (2) (3) (5)

  Wholesale     9.50        7/28/2020        3,000        2,955        1,412        0.24   

Systems Maintenance Services Holding, Inc. (2) (3) (4)

  High Tech Industries     9.25        10/18/2020        6,000        5,960        5,831        0.99   

TASC, Inc. (5) (8)

  Aerospace & Defense     12.00        5/23/2021        6,000        5,895        5,695        0.97   

Vitera Healthcare Solutions, LLC (2) (3) (4)

  Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals     9.25        11/4/2021        2,000        1,977        1,787        0.30   

Watchfire Enterprises, Inc. (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Media: Advertising, Printing & Publishing     9.00        10/2/2021        7,000        6,925        6,756        1.15   
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Second Lien Debt Total

          $ 239,458      $ 227,890        38.71
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

9


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS (Continued)

As of March 31, 2016

(dollar amounts in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

Investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated (1)

 

Industry

   Maturity
Date
     Par
Amount
     Amortized
Cost (6)
     Fair
Value (7)
     Percentage
of
Net Assets
 

Structured Finance Obligations (2.65%) (5) (8) (11)

                

1776 CLO I, Ltd., Subordinated Notes

  Structured Finance      5/8/2020       $ 11,750       $ 7,721       $ 1,798         0.31

Ares XXVIII CLO Ltd., Subordinated Notes

  Structured Finance      10/17/2024         7,000         4,095         2,485         0.42   

Babson CLO Ltd., 2005-I, Subordinated Notes

  Structured Finance      4/15/2019         7,632         333         85         0.01   

CIFC Funding 2007-III, Ltd., Income Notes

  Structured Finance      7/26/2021         6,500         2,690         2,194         0.37   

Clydesdale CLO 2005, Ltd., Subordinated Notes

  Structured Finance      12/6/2017         5,750         —           10         0.00   

Flagship VII Limited, Subordinated Notes

  Structured Finance      1/20/2026         7,000         4,408         2,398         0.41   

ING IM CLO 2012-1 LLC, Preferred Shares

  Structured Finance      3/14/2022         7,610         4,371         2,930         0.50   

ING IM CLO 2012- 1 LLC, Subordinated Notes

  Structured Finance      3/14/2022         2,500         1,436         962         0.16   

MSIM Peconic Bay, Ltd., Subordinated Notes

  Structured Finance      7/20/2019         4,500         1,055         783         0.13   

Nautique Funding Ltd., Income Notes

  Structured Finance      4/15/2020         5,000         2,639         2,150         0.37   

Steele Creek CLO 2014-I, LLC, Subordinated Notes

  Structured Finance      8/21/2026         18,000         12,905         10,710         1.82   

Venture VI CDO Limited, Preference Shares

  Structured Finance      8/3/2020         7,000         3,320         2,870         0.49   

Westwood CDO I, Ltd., Subordinated Notes

  Structured Finance      3/25/2021         4,000         1,550         980         0.17   
          

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Structured Finance Obligations Total

           $ 46,523       $ 30,355         5.16
          

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated (1)

 

Industry

   Par
Amount
     Cost      Fair
Value (7)
     Percentage of
Net Assets
 

Equity Investments (0.24%) (5)

             

Power Stop, LLC

  Automotive    $ 7       $ 715       $ 859         0.15

The Hilb Group, LLC

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate      1,500         1,500         1,936         0.33   
       

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Equity Investments Total

        $ 2,215       $ 2,795         0.48
       

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Investments—controlled/affiliated

 

Industry

   LLC
Interest
    
Cost
     Fair
Value (7)
     Percentage of
Net Assets
 

Investment Funds (0.00%) (8)

          

Middle Market Credit Fund, LLC (5) (22)

  Investment Funds    $ 1       $ 1       $ 1         0.00
       

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Investment Funds Total

        $ 1       $ 1         0.00
       

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Investments

        $ 1,182,886       $ 1,144,741         194.45
       

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

10


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS (Continued)

As of March 31, 2016

(dollar amounts in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

(1) Unless otherwise indicated, issuers of debt and equity investments held by Carlyle GMS Finance, Inc. (“GMS Finance” or the “Company”) are domiciled in the United States and issuers of structured finance obligations are domiciled in the Cayman Islands. Under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (together with the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, the “Investment Company Act”), the Company would be deemed to “control” a portfolio company if the Company owned more than 25% of its outstanding voting securities and/or held the power to exercise control over the management or policies of the portfolio company. As of March 31, 2016, the Company does not “control” any of these portfolio companies. Under the Investment Company Act, the Company would be deemed an “affiliated person” of a portfolio company if the Company owns 5% or more of the portfolio company’s outstanding voting securities. As of March 31, 2016, the Company is not an “affiliated person” of any of these portfolio companies.
(2) Variable rate loans to the portfolio companies and variable rate notes of structured finance obligations bear interest at a rate that may be determined by reference to either LIBOR or an alternate base rate (commonly based on the Federal Funds Rate or the Prime Rate), which generally resets quarterly. For each such loan and note, the Company has provided the interest rate in effect as of March 31, 2016.
(3) Loan includes interest rate floor feature.
(4) Denotes that all or a portion of the assets are owned by the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Carlyle GMS Finance SPV LLC (the “Borrower Sub”). The Borrower Sub has entered into a senior secured revolving credit facility (as amended, the “Revolving Credit Facility”). The lenders of the Revolving Credit Facility have a first lien security interest in substantially all of the assets of the Borrower Sub (see Note 6, Borrowings). Accordingly, such assets are not available to creditors of the Company or Carlyle GMS Finance MM CLO 2015-1 LLC (the “2015-1 Issuer”), a wholly-owned and consolidated subsidiary of the Company.
(5) Denotes that all or a portion of the assets are owned by the Company. The Company has entered into a senior secured revolving credit facility (as amended, the “Facility”). The lenders of the Facility have a first lien security interest in substantially all of the portfolio investments held by the Company (see Note 6, Borrowings). Accordingly, such assets are not available to creditors of the Borrower Sub or the 2015-1 Issuer.
(6) Amortized cost represents original cost, including origination fees, adjusted for the accretion/amortization of discounts/premiums, as applicable, on debt investments using the effective interest method. Equity tranche collateralized loan obligation (“CLO”) fund investments, which are referred to as “structured finance obligations”, are recorded at amortized cost using the effective interest method.
(7) Fair value is determined in good faith by or under the direction of the Board of Directors of the Company (see Note 2, Significant Accounting Policies, and Note 3, Fair Value Measurements), pursuant to the Company’s valuation policy.
(8) The Company has determined the indicated investments are non-qualifying assets under Section 55(a) of the Investment Company Act. Under the Investment Company Act, the Company may not acquire any non-qualifying assets unless, at the time such acquisition is made, qualifying assets represent at least 70% of the Company’s total assets.
(9) Captive Resources Midco, LLC has an undrawn delayed draw term loan of $3,125 par value at LIBOR + 5.75%, 1.00% floor, and an undrawn revolver of $1,875 par value at LIBOR + 5.75%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 1.25% and 0.50% is charged on the delayed draw term loan and revolver principal, respectively, while undrawn.
(10) The Company receives less than the stated interest rate of this loan as a result of an agreement among lenders. Pursuant to the agreement among lenders, this investment represents a “first out” first lien loan, which has first priority ahead of the “last out” first lien loan with respect to principal, interest and other payments.
(11) As of March 31, 2016, the Company has a greater than 25% but less than 50% equity or subordinated notes ownership interest in certain structured finance obligations. These investments have governing documents that preclude the Company from controlling management of the entity and therefore the Company has determined that the issuer of the investment is not a controlled affiliate or a non-controlled affiliate because the investments are not “voting securities”.
(12) In addition to the interest earned based on the stated interest rate of this loan, which is the amount reflected in this schedule, the Company is entitled to receive additional interest as a result of an agreement among lenders. Pursuant to the agreement among lenders, this investment represents a “last out” first lien loan, which has a secondary priority behind the “first out” first lien loan with respect to principal, interest and other payments.
(13) Denotes that all or a portion of the assets are owned by the 2015-1 Issuer and secure the notes issued in connection with a $400 million term debt securitization completed by the Company on June 26, 2015 (see Note 7, 2015-1 Notes). Accordingly, such assets are not available to the creditors of the Borrower Sub or the Company.

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

11


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS (Continued)

As of March 31, 2016

(dollar amounts in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

(14) National Technical Systems, Inc. has an undrawn delayed draw term loan of $4,469 par value at LIBOR + 6.00%, 1.00% floor, and an undrawn revolver of $2,031 par value at LIBOR + 6.00%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 1.00% and 0.50% is charged on the delayed draw term loan and revolver principal, respectively, while undrawn.
(15) Dimensional Dental Management, LLC has an undrawn delayed last out draw term loan of $2,507 par value at LIBOR + 7.00%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 1.00% is charged on the delayed draw term loan principal while undrawn.
(16) Vetcor Professional Practices LLC has an undrawn delayed draw term loan of $4,860 par value at LIBOR + 6.00%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 1.00% is charged on the principal while undrawn.
(17) Represents a corporate mezzanine loan, which is subordinated to senior secured term loans of the portfolio company.
(18) Ministry Brands, LLC has an undrawn first out delayed draw term loan of $600 par value at LIBOR + 7.00%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 2.00% is charged on the delayed draw term loan principal while undrawn.
(19) Ministry Brands, LLC has an undrawn last out delayed draw term loan of $1,867 par value at LIBOR + 7.00%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 2.00% is charged on the delayed draw term loan principal while undrawn.
(20) Jensen Hughes, Inc has an undrawn delayed draw term loan of $3,100 par value at LIBOR + 5.00%, 1.00% floor, and an undrawn revolver of $2,000 par value at LIBOR + 5.00%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 1.00% is charged on the delayed draw term loan and the revolver principal while undrawn.
(21) Colony Hardware Corporation has an undrawn delayed draw term loan of $4,200 par value at LIBOR + 6.00%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 1.00% is charged on the principal while undrawn.
(22) Under the Investment Company Act, the Company is deemed to be an “affiliated person” of and “control” this investment fund because the Company owns more than 25% of the investment fund’s outstanding voting securities and/or has the power to exercise control over management or policies of such investment fund. See Note 5, Middle Market Credit Fund, LLC, for more details.

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

12


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS (Continued)

As of March 31, 2016

(dollar amounts in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

As of March 31, 2016, investments at fair value consisted of the following:

 

Type

   Amortized
Cost
     Fair Value      % of Fair Value  

First Lien Debt

   $ 894,689       $ 883,700         77.20

Second Lien Debt

     239,458         227,890         19.91   

Structured Finance Obligations

     46,523         30,355         2.65   

Equity Investments

     2,215         2,795         0.24   

Investment Funds

     1         1         0.00   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,182,886       $ 1,144,741         100.00
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The industrial composition of investments at fair value as of March 31, 2016 was as follows:

 

Industry

   Amortized
Cost
     Fair Value      % of Fair Value  

Aerospace & Defense

   $ 87,190       $ 84,357         7.37

Automotive

     52,491         52,563         4.59   

Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate

     148,662         147,915         12.92   

Business Services

     136,088         130,946         11.44   

Capital Equipment

     18,312         17,877         1.56   

Chemicals, Plastics & Rubber

     27,306         25,595         2.24   

Construction & Building

     34,431         34,264         3.00   

Consumer Services

     56,526         57,025         4.98   

Containers, Packaging & Glass

     55,694         53,502         4.67   

Durable Consumer Goods

     20,346         20,157         1.76   

Energy: Electricity

     36,683         37,278         3.26   

Energy: Oil & Gas

     11,569         10,873         0.95   

Environmental Industries

     11,756         11,526         1.01   

Forest Products & Paper

     21,085         21,382         1.87   

Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals

     82,538         81,998         7.16   

High Tech Industries

     55,858         55,232         4.82   

Hotel, Gaming & Leisure

     32,030         31,256         2.72   

Investment Funds

     1         1         0.00   

Media: Advertising, Printing & Publishing

     39,058         39,283         3.43   

Metals & Mining

     10,305         10,140         0.89   

Non-durable Consumer Goods

     41,236         40,018         3.50   

Retail

     24,347         24,119         2.11   

Software

     14,577         13,780         1.20   

Structured Finance

     46,523         30,355         2.65   

Telecommunications

     70,048         69,782         6.10   

Transportation: Cargo

     19,589         19,330         1.69   

Transportation: Consumer

     8,992         9,062         0.79   

Utilities: Electric

     5,878         5,761         0.50   

Wholesale

     13,767         9,364         0.82   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,182,886       $ 1,144,741         100.00
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

13


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS (Continued)

As of March 31, 2016

(dollar amounts in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

The geographical composition of investments at fair value as of March 31, 2016 was as follows:

 

Geography

   Amortized
Cost
     Fair Value      % of Fair Value  

Cayman Islands

   $ 46,523       $ 30,355         2.65

Ireland

     9,816         9,999         0.87   

United Kingdom

     22,719         22,085         1.93   

United States

     1,103,828         1,082,302         94.55   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,182,886       $ 1,144,741         100.00
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

14


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

As of December 31, 2015

(dollar amounts in thousands)

 

Investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated (1)

 

Industry

  Interest
Rate
    Maturity
Date
    Par/
Principal
Amount
    Amortized
Cost (6)
    Fair
Value (7)
    Percentage of
Net Assets
 

First Lien Debt (75.53%)

             

Access CIG, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Business Services     6.00     10/17/2021      $ 18,522      $ 18,388      $ 18,291        3.20

AF Borrower LLC (Accuvant) (2) (3) (5) (13)

  High Tech Industries     6.25        1/28/2022        16,277        16,055        15,829        2.77   

Alpha Packaging Holdings, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Containers, Packaging & Glass     5.25        5/12/2020        11,409        11,398        11,180        1.96   

Anaren, Inc. (2) (3) (4)(13)

  Telecommunications     5.50        2/18/2021        10,981        10,898        10,759        1.88   

APX Group, Inc. (5) (8)

  Consumer Services     6.38        12/1/2019        10,000        9,749        9,575        1.67   

Audax AAMP Holdings Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Durable Consumer Goods     6.50        6/24/2017        11,025        10,954        10,885        1.90   

BAART Programs, Inc. (2) (4)

  Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals     8.07        10/9/2021        7,481        7,422        7,556        1.32   

Blue Bird Body Company (2) (3) (4) (8) (13)

  Transportation: Consumer     6.50        6/27/2020        9,491        9,110        9,361        1.64   

Brooks Equipment Company, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Construction & Building     6.35        8/29/2020        7,209        7,160        7,097        1.24   

Capstone Logistics Acquisition, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Transportation: Cargo     5.50        10/7/2021        19,750        19,582        19,134        3.35   

Captive Resources Midco, LLC (2) (3) (4) (5) (9) (13)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate     6.75        6/30/2020        29,350        28,890        28,900        5.05   

Castle Management Borrower LLC (Highgate Hotels L.P.) (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Hotel, Gaming & Leisure     5.50        9/18/2020        9,878        9,807        9,535        1.67   

Central Security Group, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Consumer Services     6.25        10/6/2020        24,750        24,444        23,884        4.18   

Colony Hardware Corporation (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Construction & Building     7.00        10/23/2021        13,000        12,787        12,861        2.25   

CRCI Holdings Inc. (CLEAResult Consulting, Inc.) (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Utilities: Electric     5.25        7/10/2019        5,910        5,892        5,704        1.00   

Dent Wizard International Corporation (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Automotive     5.75        4/7/2020        7,809        7,775        7,591        1.33   

Emerging Markets Communications, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Telecommunications     6.75        7/1/2021        17,910        16,225        16,882        2.95   

EP Minerals, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Metals & Mining     5.50        8/20/2020        10,369        10,329        10,168        1.78   

FCX Holdings Corp. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Capital Equipment     5.50        8/4/2020        10,047        10,041        9,862        1.72   

Genex Holdings, Inc. (2) (3) (13)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate     5.25        5/30/2021        4,243        4,227        4,164        0.73   

Green Energy Partners/Stonewall LLC (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Energy: Electricity     6.50        11/13/2021        16,600        16,456        16,354        2.86   

Hummel Station LLC (2) (3) (5)

  Energy: Electricity     7.00        10/27/2022        21,000        20,174        20,553        3.59   

Indra Holdings Corp. (Totes Isotoner) (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Non-durable Consumer Goods     5.25        5/1/2021        14,285        14,173        13,818        2.42   

International Medical Group, Inc.(2) (3) (5) (12)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate     5.75        10/30/2020        30,000        29,415        30,276        5.30   

Jackson Hewitt Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Retail     8.00        7/30/2020        14,800        14,526        14,600        2.55   

Language Line, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Telecommunications     6.50        7/7/2021        23,896        23,675        23,697        4.14   

Miller Heiman, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Business Services     6.75        9/30/2019        19,094        18,901        16,904        2.96   

Ministry Brands, LLC (2) (3) (5) (10) (18)

  High Tech Industries     8.00        11/20/2021        936        926        901        0.16   

Ministry Brands, LLC (2) (3) (5) (12) (19)

  High Tech Industries     8.00        11/20/2021        17,471        17,190        17,371        3.04   

MSX International, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Automotive     6.00        8/21/2020        9,499        9,424        9,218        1.61   

National Technical Systems, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (5) (13) (14)

  Aerospace & Defense     7.00        6/12/2021        25,935        25,609        24,919        4.36   

NES Global Talent Finance US LLC (United Kingdom) (2) (3) (4) (8) (13)

  Energy: Oil & Gas     6.50        10/3/2019        11,875        11,715        11,327        1.98   

 

15


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS (Continued)

As of December 31, 2015

(dollar amounts in thousands)

 

Investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated (1)

 

Industry

  Interest
Rate
    Maturity
Date
    Par/
Principal
Amount
    Amortized
Cost (6)
    Fair
Value (7)
    Percentage of
Net Assets
 

First Lien Debt (75.53%) (continued)

             

Paradigm Acquisition Corp. (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Business Services     6.00     6/2/2022      $ 23,482      $ 23,154      $ 22,984        4.02

Pelican Products, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Containers, Packaging & Glass     5.25        4/11/2020        7,817        7,832        7,444        1.30   

Plano Molding Company, LLC (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Hotel, Gaming & Leisure     7.00        5/12/2021        22,487        22,294        21,779        3.81   

Product Quest Manufacturing, LLC (2) (3) (4) (5) (12)

  Containers, Packaging & Glass     6.75        9/9/2020        28,000        27,477        27,810        4.86   

Prowler Acquisition Corp. (Pipeline Supply and Service, LLC) (2) (3) (4)

  Wholesale     5.50        1/28/2020        10,911        10,836        9,736        1.70   

PSC Industrial Holdings Corp (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Environmental Industries     5.75        12/5/2020        11,880        11,782        11,622        2.03   

PSI Services LLC (2) (3) (4) (5) (12)

  Business Services     8.00        2/27/2021        23,471        22,885        23,933        4.19   

SolAero Technologies Corp. (2) (3) (4)

  Telecommunications     5.75        12/10/2020        10,827        10,744        10,511        1.84   

SolAero Technologies Corp. (2) (3) (13)

  Telecommunications     6.25        12/10/2020        9,104        9,023        8,887        1.55   

Synarc-Biocore Holdings, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals     5.50        3/10/2021        13,264        13,162        12,599        2.20   

Systems Maintenance Services Holding, Inc. (2) (3) (13)

  High Tech Industries     5.00        10/18/2019        2,193        2,187        2,155        0.38   

TASC, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (8) (13)

  Aerospace & Defense     7.00        5/23/2020        18,351        17,713        17,916        3.13   

Teaching Strategies, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Media: Advertising, Printing & Publishing     6.00        10/1/2019        13,953        13,904        13,844        2.42   

The Hilb Group, LLC (2) (3) (5) (12) (13) (15)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate     6.75        6/24/2021        23,458        22,850        23,555        4.12   

The Hygenic Corporation (Performance Health) (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Non-durable Consumer Goods     6.00        10/11/2020        15,920        15,721        15,368        2.69   

The SI Organization, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Aerospace & Defense     5.75        11/23/2019        8,778        8,716        8,724        1.53   

The Topps Company, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Non-durable Consumer Goods     7.25        10/2/2018        11,395        11,326        11,395        1.99   

TruckPro, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Automotive     6.00        8/6/2018        9,683        9,648        9,546        1.67   

U.S. Farathane, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Automotive     6.75        12/23/2021        15,818        15,535        15,586        2.73   

Vetcor Professional Practices, LLC (2) (3) (4) (5) (13) (16)

  Consumer Services     7.00        4/20/2021        11,085        10,983        11,034        1.93   

Violin Finco S.A.R.L. (Alexander Mann Solutions)

             

(United Kingdom) (2) (3) (4) (8) (13)

  Business Services     5.75        12/20/2019        11,252        11,176        11,241        1.97   

Vistage Worldwide Inc. (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Business Services     6.50        8/19/2021        29,813        29,529        29,505        5.16   

Vitera Healthcare Solutions, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals     6.00        11/4/2020        9,437        9,369        9,107        1.59   

Zest Holdings, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Durable Consumer Goods     5.00        8/16/2020        9,694        9,694        9,597        1.69   
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

First Lien Debt Total

          $ 800,857      $ 795,034        139.06
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Second Lien Debt (19.98%)

             

AF Borrower LLC (Accuvant) (2) (3) (5)

  High Tech Industries     10.00     1/30/2023      $ 8,000      $ 7,927      $ 7,666        1.34

Allied Security Holdings LLC (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Business Services     8.00        8/13/2021        8,000        7,948        7,460        1.30   

AmeriLife Group, LLC (2) (3) (5)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate     9.75        1/10/2023        20,000        19,619        19,598        3.44   

Argon Medical Devices, Inc. (2) (3) (4) (5)

  Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals     12.00        6/23/2022        24,000        23,294        23,354        4.09   

Berlin Packaging L.L.C. (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Containers, Packaging & Glass     7.75        10/1/2022        9,200        9,139        8,694        1.52   

Charter NEX US Holdings, Inc. (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Chemicals, Plastics & Rubber     9.25        2/5/2023        10,000        9,864        9,459        1.65   

 

16


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS (Continued)

As of December 31, 2015

(dollar amounts in thousands)

 

Investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated (1)

 

Industry

  Interest
Rate
    Maturity
Date
    Par/
Principal
Amount
    Amortized
Cost (6)
    Fair
Value (7)
    Percentage of
Net Assets
 

Second Lien Debt (19.98%) (continued)

             

Confie Seguros Holding II Co. (2) (3) (5)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate     10.25     5/8/2019      $ 12,000      $ 11,896      $ 11,820        2.07

Creganna Finance (US) LLC (Ireland) (2) (3) (5) (8)

  Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals     9.00        6/1/2022        9,900        9,814        9,740        1.70   

DiversiTech Corporation (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Capital Equipment     9.00        11/19/2022        8,400        8,294        8,131        1.42   

Drew Marine Group Inc. (2) (3) 4) (5)

  Chemicals, Plastics & Rubber     8.00        5/19/2021        12,500        12,478        11,743        2.05   

Genex Holdings, Inc. (2) (3) (5)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate     8.75        5/30/2022        7,990        7,906        7,390        1.29   

Genoa, a QoL Healthcare Company, LLC (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Retail     8.75        4/28/2023        9,900        9,807        9,523        1.67   

Institutional Shareholder Services Inc. (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate     8.50        4/30/2022        12,500        12,397        12,014        2.10   

Jazz Acquisition, Inc. (Wencor) (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Aerospace & Defense     7.75        6/19/2022        6,700        6,674        5,759        1.01   

Landslide Holdings, Inc. (LANDesk Software) (2) (3) (13)

  Software     8.25        2/25/2021        3,500        3,480        3,113        0.54   

MRI Software, LLC (2) (3) (5)

  Software     9.00        6/23/2022        11,250        11,093        10,890        1.91   

Phillips-Medisize Corporation (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Chemicals, Plastics & Rubber     8.25        6/16/2022        5,000        4,958        4,700        0.82   

Power Stop, LLC (5) (17)

  Automotive     11.00        5/29/2022        10,000        9,811        10,080        1.76   

Prime Security Services Borrower, LLC (Protection One, Inc.) (2) (3) (5)

  Consumer Services     9.75        7/1/2022        6,700        6,607        6,271        1.10   

Prowler Acquisition Corp. (Pipeline Supply and Service, LLC) (2) (3) (5)

  Wholesale     9.50        7/28/2020        3,000        2,953        2,493        0.44   

Systems Maintenance Services Holding, Inc. (2) (3) (4)

  High Tech Industries     9.25        10/18/2020        6,000        5,959        5,860        1.02   

TASC, Inc. (5) (8)

  Aerospace & Defense     12.00        5/23/2021        6,000        5,891        6,075        1.06   

Vitera Healthcare Solutions, LLC (2) (3) (4) (13)

  Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals     9.25        11/4/2021        2,000        1,976        1,784        0.31   

Watchfire Enterprises, Inc. (2) (3) (5) (13)

  Media: Advertising, Printing & Publishing     9.00        10/2/2021        7,000        6,923        6,779        1.19   
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Second Lien Debt Total

          $ 216,708      $ 210,396        36.80
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

17


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS (Continued)

As of December 31, 2015

(dollar amounts in thousands)

 

Investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated (1)

  

Industry

   Maturity
Date
     Par/
Principal
Amount
     Amortized
Cost (6)
     Fair
Value (7)
     Percentage
of
Net Assets
 

Structured Finance Obligations (4.26%) (5) (8) (11)

                 

1776 CLO I, Ltd., Subordinated Notes

   Structured Finance      5/8/2020       $ 11,750       $ 8,079       $ 3,347         0.59

AIMCO CLO, Series 2014-A, Class F, 5.47% (2)

   Structured Finance      7/20/2026         2,700         2,369         1,701         0.30   

AIMCO CLO, Series 2014-A, Subordinated Notes

   Structured Finance      7/20/2026         11,500         8,369         5,779         1.00   

Ares XXVIII CLO Ltd., Subordinated Notes

   Structured Finance      10/17/2024         7,000         4,416         3,255         0.57   

Babson CLO Ltd. 2005-I, Subordinated Notes

   Structured Finance      4/15/2019         7,632         333         86         0.02   

CIFC Funding 2007-III, Ltd., Income Notes

   Structured Finance      7/26/2021         6,500         2,902         2,453         0.43   

Clydesdale CLO 2005, Ltd., Subordinated Notes

   Structured Finance      12/6/2017         5,750         —           11         0.00   

Flagship VII Limited, Subordinated Notes

   Structured Finance      1/20/2026         7,000         4,781         3,184         0.56   

ING IM CLO 2012-1 LLC, Preferred Shares

   Structured Finance      3/14/2022         7,610         4,637         3,789         0.66   

ING IM CLO 2012- 1 LLC, Subordinated Notes

   Structured Finance      3/14/2022         2,500         1,523         1,245         0.22   

MSIM Peconic Bay, Ltd., Subordinated Notes

   Structured Finance      7/20/2019         4,500         1,112         923         0.16   

Nautique Funding Ltd., Income Notes

   Structured Finance      4/15/2020         5,000         2,760         2,275         0.40   

Steele Creek CLO 2014-I, LLC, Subordinated Notes

   Structured Finance      8/21/2026         18,000         13,453         12,241         2.14   

Venture VI CDO Limited, Preference Shares

   Structured Finance      8/3/2020         7,000         3,488         3,203         0.56   

Westwood CDO I, Ltd., Subordinated Notes

   Structured Finance      3/25/2021         4,000         1,718         1,320         0.23   
           

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Structured Finance Obligations Total

         $ 59,940       $ 44,812         7.84
           

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated (1)

   Industry    Par/
Principal
Amount
     Cost      Fair
Value (7)
     Percentage
of
Net Assets
 

Equity Investments (0.23%) (5)

              

Power Stop, LLC

   Automotive    $ 7       $ 715       $ 788         0.14

The Hilb Group, LLC

   Banking, Finance, Insurance &
Real Estate
     1,500         1,500         1,636         0.28   
        

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Equity Investments Total

         $ 2,215       $ 2,424         0.42
        

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated

         $ 1,079,720       $ 1,052,666         184.12

 

(1) Unless otherwise indicated, issuers of debt and equity investments held by GMS Finance are domiciled in the United States and issuers of structured finance obligations are domiciled in the Cayman Islands. Under the Investment Company Act, the Company would be deemed to “control” a portfolio company if the Company owned more than 25% of its outstanding voting securities and/or held the power to exercise control over the management or policies of the portfolio company. As of December 31, 2015, the Company does not “control” any of these portfolio companies. Under the Investment Company Act, the Company would be deemed an “affiliated person” of a portfolio company if the Company owns 5% or more of the portfolio company’s outstanding voting securities. As of December 31, 2015, the Company is not an “affiliated person” of any of these portfolio companies.

 

18


Table of Contents

CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS (Continued)

As of December 31, 2015

(dollar amounts in thousands)

 

(2) Variable rate loans to the portfolio companies and variable rate notes of structured finance obligations bear interest at a rate that may be determined by reference to either LIBOR or an alternate base rate (commonly based on the Federal Funds Rate or the Prime Rate), which generally resets quarterly. For each such loan and note, the Company has provided the interest rate in effect as of December 31, 2015.
(3) Loan includes interest rate floor feature.
(4) Denotes that all or a portion of the assets are owned by the Borrower Sub. The Borrower Sub has entered into the Revolving Credit Facility. The lenders of the Revolving Credit Facility have a first lien security interest in substantially all of the assets of the Borrower Sub (see Note 6, Borrowings). Accordingly, such assets are not available to creditors of the Company or the 2015-1 Issuer.
(5) Denotes that all or a portion of the assets are owned by the Company. The Company has entered into the Facility. The lenders of the Facility have a first lien security interest in substantially all of the portfolio investments held by the Company (see Note 6, Borrowings). Accordingly, such assets are not available to creditors of the Borrower Sub or the 2015-1 Issuer.
(6) Amortized cost represents original cost, including origination fees, adjusted for the accretion/amortization of discounts/premiums, as applicable, on debt investments using the effective interest method. Equity tranche CLO fund investments, which are referred to as “structured finance obligations”, are recorded at amortized cost using the effective interest method.
(7) Fair value is determined in good faith by or under the direction of the Board of Directors of the Company (see Note 2, Significant Accounting Policies, and Note 3, Fair Value Measurements), pursuant to the Company’s valuation policy.
(8) The Company has determined the indicated investments are non-qualifying assets under Section 55(a) of the Investment Company Act. Under the Investment Company Act, the Company may not acquire any non-qualifying assets unless, at the time such acquisition is made, qualifying assets represent at least 70% of the Company’s total assets.
(9) Captive Resources Midco, LLC has an undrawn delayed draw term loan of $3,125 par value at LIBOR + 5.75%, 1.00% floor, and an undrawn revolver of $1,875 par value at LIBOR + 5.75%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 1.25% and 0.50% is charged on the delayed draw term loan and revolver principal, respectively, while undrawn.
(10) The Company receives less than the stated interest rate of this loan as a result of an agreement among lenders. Pursuant to the agreement among lenders, this investment represents a “first out” first lien loan, which has first priority ahead of the “last out” first lien loan with respect to principal, interest and other payments.
(11) As of December 31, 2015, the Company has a greater than 25% but less than 50% equity or subordinated notes ownership interest in certain structured finance obligations. These investments have governing documents that preclude the Company from controlling management of the entity and therefore the Company has determined that the issuer of the investment is not a controlled affiliate or a non-controlled affiliate because the investments are not “voting securities”.
(12) In addition to the interest earned based on the stated interest rate of this loan, which is the amount reflected in this schedule, the Company is entitled to receive additional interest as a result of an agreement among lenders. Pursuant to the agreement among lenders, this investment represents a “last out” first lien loan, which has a secondary priority behind the “first out” first lien loan with respect to principal, interest and other payments.
(13) Denotes that all or a portion of the assets are owned by the 2015-1 Issuer and secure the notes issued in connection with a $400 million term debt securitization completed by the Company on June 26, 2015 (see Note 7, 2015-1 Notes). Accordingly, such assets are not available to the creditors of the Borrower Sub or the Company.
(14) National Technical Systems, Inc. has an undrawn delayed draw term loan of $4,469 par value at LIBOR + 6.00%, 1.00% floor, and an undrawn revolver of $2,031 par value at LIBOR + 6.00%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 1.00% and 0.50% is charged on the delayed draw term loan and revolver principal, respectively, while undrawn.
(15) The Hilb Group, LLC has an undrawn delayed draw term loan of $10,034 par value at LIBOR + 5.75%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 1.00% is charged on the principal while undrawn.
(16) Vetcor Professional Practices LLC has an undrawn delayed draw term loan of $1,473 par value at LIBOR + 6.00%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 1.00% is charged on the principal while undrawn.
(17) Represents a corporate mezzanine loan, which is subordinated to senior secured term loans of the portfolio company.
(18) Ministry Brands, LLC has an undrawn first out delayed draw term loan of $64 par value at LIBOR + 7.00%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 1.00% is charged on the delayed draw term loan principal while undrawn.
(19) Ministry Brands, LLC has an undrawn last out delayed draw term loan of $1,530 par value at LIBOR + 7.00%, 1.00% floor. An unused rate of 1.00% is charged on the delayed draw term loan principal while undrawn.

 

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CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS (Continued)

As of December 31, 2015

(dollar amounts in thousands)

 

As of December 31, 2015, investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated at fair value consisted of the following:

 

Type

   Amortized
Cost
     Fair Value      % of Fair Value  

First Lien Debt

   $ 800,857       $ 795,034         75.53

Second Lien Debt

     216,708         210,396         19.98   

Structured Finance Obligations

     59,940         44,812         4.26   

Equity Investments

     2,215         2,424         0.23   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,079,720       $ 1,052,666         100.00
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The industrial composition of investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated at fair value as of December 31, 2015 was as follows:

 

Industry

   Amortized
Cost
     Fair Value      % of Fair Value  

Aerospace & Defense

   $ 64,603       $ 63,393         6.02

Automotive

     52,908         52,809         5.02   

Banking, Finance, Insurance & Real Estate

     138,700         139,353         13.24   

Business Services

     131,981         130,318         12.38   

Capital Equipment

     18,335         17,993         1.71   

Chemicals, Plastics & Rubber

     27,300         25,902         2.46   

Construction & Building

     19,947         19,958         1.90   

Consumer Services

     51,783         50,764         4.82   

Containers, Packaging & Glass

     55,846         55,128         5.24   

Durable Consumer Goods

     20,648         20,482         1.94   

Energy: Electricity

     36,630         36,907         3.51   

Energy: Oil & Gas

     11,715         11,327         1.08   

Environmental Industries

     11,782         11,622         1.10   

Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals

     65,037         64,140         6.09   

High Tech Industries

     50,244         49,782         4.73   

Hotel, Gaming & Leisure

     32,101         31,314         2.97   

Media: Advertising, Printing & Publishing

     20,827         20,623         1.96   

Metals & Mining

     10,329         10,168         0.97   

Non-durable Consumer Goods

     41,220         40,581         3.85   

Retail

     24,333         24,123         2.29   

Software

     14,573         14,003         1.33   

Structured Finance

     59,940         44,812         4.26   

Telecommunications

     70,565         70,736         6.72   

Transportation: Cargo

     19,582         19,134         1.82   

Transportation: Consumer

     9,110         9,361         0.89   

Utilities: Electric

     5,892         5,704         0.54   

Wholesale

     13,789         12,229         1.16   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,079,720       $ 1,052,666         100.00
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

 

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CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS (Continued)

As of December 31, 2015

(dollar amounts in thousands)

 

The geographical composition of investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated at fair value as of December 31, 2015 was as follows:

 

Geography

   Amortized
Cost
     Fair Value      % of Fair Value  

Cayman Islands

   $ 59,940       $ 44,812         4.26

Ireland

     9,814         9,740         0.93   

United Kingdom

     22,891         22,568         2.14   

United States

     987,075         975,546         92.67   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,079,720       $ 1,052,666         100.00
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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CARLYLE GMS FINANCE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)

As of March 31, 2016

(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

1. ORGANIZATION

Carlyle GMS Finance, Inc. (“GMS Finance” or the “Company”) is a Maryland corporation formed on February 8, 2012, and structured as an externally managed, non-diversified closed-end investment company. GMS Finance has elected to be regulated as a business development company (“BDC”) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (together with the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, the “Investment Company Act”). GMS Finance has elected to be treated, and intends to continue to comply with the requirements to qualify annually, as a regulated investment company (“RIC”) under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”).

GMS Finance’s investment objective is to generate current income and capital appreciation primarily through debt investments in U.S. middle market companies, which the Company defines as companies with approximately $10 million to $100 million of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”). GMS Finance seeks to achieve its investment objective by investing primarily in first lien senior secured loans (which may include stand-alone first lien loans; “last out” first lien loans, which are loans that have a secondary priority behind “first out” first lien loans; “unitranche” loans, which are loans that combine features of first lien, second lien or subordinated loans, generally in a first lien position; and secured corporate bonds with features similar to the features of these categories of first lien loans) and second lien senior secured loans (which may include senior secured loans, and, to a lesser extent, secured corporate bonds, with a secondary priority behind first lien loans) (collectively, “Middle Market Senior Loans”). The Middle Market Senior Loans are generally made to private U.S. middle market companies that are, in many cases, controlled by private equity firms. Depending on market conditions, GMS Finance expects that between 70% and 80% of the value of its assets will be invested in Middle Market Senior Loans, with the balance invested in higher-yielding investments, which may include middle market junior loans such as corporate mezzanine loans, equity co-investments, broadly syndicated first lien and second lien senior secured loans, high-yield bonds, structured finance obligations and/or other opportunistic investments. GMS Finance expects that the composition of its portfolio will change over time given Carlyle GMS Investment Management L.L.C.’s (the “Investment Adviser”) view on, among other things, the economic and credit environment (including with respect to interest rates) in which the Company is operating.

On May 2, 2013, GMS Finance completed its initial closing of capital commitments (the “Initial Closing”) and subsequently commenced substantial investment operations. Prior to May 2, 2013, GMS Finance had not commenced operations and was a development stage company as defined by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 915, Development Stage Entity. During this time, GMS Finance focused substantially all of its efforts on establishing its business. If GMS Finance has not consummated an initial public offering of its common stock that results in an unaffiliated public float of at least 15% of the aggregate capital commitments received prior to the date of such initial public offering (a “Qualified IPO”) by May 2, 2018, then GMS Finance (subject to any necessary stockholder approvals and applicable requirements of the Investment Company Act) will use its best efforts to wind down and/or liquidate and dissolve.

GMS Finance is an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012. GMS Finance will remain an emerging growth company for up to five years following an initial public offering, although if the market value of the common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of any June 30 before that time, GMS Finance would cease to be an emerging growth company as of the following December 31.

Carlyle GMS Finance SPV LLC (the “Borrower Sub”) is a Delaware limited liability company that was formed on January 3, 2013. The Borrower Sub invests in first and second lien senior secured loans. The

 

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Borrower Sub is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and is consolidated in these consolidated financial statements commencing from the date of its formation, January 3, 2013.

On June 26, 2015, the Company completed a $400 million term debt securitization (the “2015-1 Debt Securitization”). The notes offered in the 2015-1 Debt Securitization (the “2015-1 Notes”) were issued by Carlyle GMS Finance MM CLO 2015-1 LLC (the “2015-1 Issuer”), a wholly-owned and consolidated subsidiary of the Company, and are secured by a diversified portfolio of the 2015-1 Issuer consisting primarily of first and second lien senior secured loans. Refer to Note 7 for details. The 2015-1 Issuer is consolidated in these consolidated financial statements commencing from the date of its formation, May 8, 2015.

On February 29, 2016, the Company and Credit Partners USA LLC (“Credit Partners”) entered into an amended and restated limited liability company agreement (the “Limited Liability Company Agreement”) to co-manage Middle Market Credit Fund, LLC (“Credit Fund”). Credit Fund will primarily invest in first lien loans of middle-market companies. Credit Fund is managed by a six-member board of managers, on which the Company and Credit Partners each have equal representation. The Company and Credit Partners each have 50% economic ownership of Credit Fund and have commitments to fund, from time to time, capital of up to $400,000 each. Refer to Note 5, Middle Market Credit Fund, LLC, for details.

GMS Finance is externally managed by the Investment Adviser, an investment adviser registered under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended. Carlyle GMS Finance Administration L.L.C. (the “Administrator”) provides the administrative services necessary for GMS Finance to operate. Both the Investment Adviser and the Administrator are wholly-owned subsidiaries of Carlyle Investment Management L.L.C., a subsidiary of The Carlyle Group L.P. “Carlyle” refers to The Carlyle Group L.P., its affiliates and its consolidated subsidiaries, a global alternative asset manager publicly traded on NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “CG”. Refer to the sec.gov website for further information on Carlyle.

As a BDC, GMS Finance is required to comply with certain regulatory requirements. As part of these requirements, the Company must not acquire any assets other than “qualifying assets” specified in the Investment Company Act unless, at the time the acquisition is made, at least 70% of its total assets are qualifying assets (with certain limited exceptions).

GMS Finance has elected to be treated, and intends to continue to comply with the requirements to qualify annually, as a RIC under the Code, and operates in a manner so as to qualify for the tax treatment applicable to RICs. To qualify as a RIC, GMS Finance must, among other things, meet certain source-of-income and asset diversification requirements and timely distribute to its stockholders generally at least 90% of its investment company taxable income, as defined by the Code, for each year. Pursuant to this election, GMS Finance generally does not have to pay corporate level taxes on any income that it distributes to stockholders, provided that GMS Finance satisfies those requirements.

2. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“US GAAP”). The Company is an investment company for the purposes of accounting and financial reporting in accordance with Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2013-08, Financial Services—Investment Companies (“ASU 2013-08”): Amendments to the Scope, Measurement and Disclosure Requirements. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of GMS Finance and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, the Borrower Sub and the 2015-1 Issuer. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. US GAAP for an investment company requires investments to be recorded at fair value. The carrying value for all other assets and liabilities approximates their fair value.

 

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The interim financial statements have been prepared in accordance with US GAAP for interim financial information and pursuant to the requirements for reporting on Form 10-Q and Articles 6 and 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, certain disclosures accompanying the annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with US GAAP are omitted. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for the fair presentation of consolidated financial statements for the interim period presented have been included. These adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. This Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015. The results of operations for the three month period ended March 31, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results to be expected for the full year.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make assumptions and estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Management’s estimates are based on historical experiences and other factors, including expectations of future events that management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. It also requires management to exercise judgment in the process of applying the Company’s accounting policies. Assumptions and estimates regarding the valuation of investments and their resulting impact on base management and incentive fees involve a higher degree of judgment and complexity and these assumptions and estimates may be significant to the consolidated financial statements. Actual results could differ from these estimates and such differences could be material.

Investments

Investment transactions are recorded on the trade date. Realized gains or losses are measured by the difference between the net proceeds from the repayment or sale and the amortized cost basis of the investment using the specific identification method without regard to unrealized appreciation or depreciation previously recognized, and includes investments charged off during the period, net of recoveries. Net change in unrealized appreciation or depreciation on investments as presented in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations reflects the net change in the fair value of investments, including the reversal of previously recorded unrealized appreciation or depreciation when gains or losses are realized. See Note 3 for further information about fair value measurements.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of demand deposits and highly liquid investments (e.g., money market funds, U.S. treasury notes) with original maturities of three months or less. Cash equivalents are carried at amortized cost, which approximates fair value. The Company’s cash and cash equivalents are held with two large financial institutions and cash held in such financial institutions may, at times, exceed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insured limit.

Revenue Recognition

Interest from Investments and Realized Gain/Loss on Investments

Interest income is recorded on an accrual basis and includes the accretion of discounts and amortization of premiums. Discounts from and premiums to par value on debt securities purchased are accreted/amortized into interest income over the life of the respective security using the effective interest method. The amortized cost of debt investments represents the original cost, including origination fees, adjusted for the accretion of discounts and amortization of premiums, if any. At time of exit, the realized gain or loss on an investment is the difference between the amortized cost at time of exit and the cash received at exit using the specific identification method.

 

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The Company may have loans in its portfolio that contain payment-in-kind (“PIK”) provisions. PIK represents interest that is accrued and recorded as interest income at the contractual rates, increases the loan principal on the respective capitalization dates, and is generally due at maturity. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 and for the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, no loans in the portfolio contained PIK provisions.

Interest income from investments in the “equity” class of collateralized loan obligation (“CLO”) funds, which are included in “structured finance obligations”, is recorded based upon an estimation of an effective yield to expected maturity utilizing assumed cash flows in accordance with ASC 325-40, Beneficial Interests in Securitized Financials Assets. We monitor the expected cash inflows from our CLO equity investments, including the expected residual payments and the effective yield is determined and updated at least quarterly. In estimating these cash flows, there are a number of assumptions that are subject to uncertainties, including the amount and timing of principal payments which are impacted by prepayments, repurchases, defaults, delinquencies and liquidations of or within the CLO funds. These uncertainties are difficult to predict and are subject to future events that could have impacted the Company’s estimates if the information was known at the time. As a result, actual results may differ significantly from these estimates.

Other Income

Other income may include income such as consent, waiver, amendment, and syndication fees associated with the Company’s investment activities as well as any fees for managerial assistance services rendered by the Company to portfolio companies. Such fees are recognized as income when earned or the services are rendered. The Company may receive fees for guaranteeing the outstanding debt of a portfolio company. Such fees will be amortized into other income over the life of the guarantee. The unamortized amount, if any, is included in other assets in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company earned $999 and $362, respectively, in other income.

Non-Accrual Income

Loans are generally placed on non-accrual status when principal or interest payments are past due 30 days or more or when there is reasonable doubt that principal or interest will be collected in full. Accrued and unpaid interest is generally reversed when a loan is placed on non-accrual status. Interest payments received on non-accrual loans may be recognized as income or applied to principal depending upon management’s judgment regarding collectability. Non-accrual loans are restored to accrual status when past due principal and interest are paid current and, in management’s judgment, are likely to remain current. Management may not place a loan on non-accrual status if the loan has sufficient collateral value and is in the process of collection. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 and for the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, no loans in the portfolio were on non-accrual status.

Revolving Credit Facility, Facility and 2015-1 Notes Related Costs, Expenses and Deferred Financing Costs (See Note 6, Borrowings, and Note 7, 2015-1 Notes)

Interest expense and unused commitment fees on the Revolving Credit Facility and Facility are recorded on an accrual basis. Unused commitment fees are included in credit facility fees in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The Revolving Credit Facility and Facility are recorded at carrying value, which approximates fair value.

Deferred financing costs include capitalized expenses related to the closing of the Revolving Credit Facility and Facility. Amortization of deferred financing costs for each credit facility is computed on the straight-line basis over the respective term of each credit facility, except for a portion that was accelerated in connection with the amendment of the Revolving Credit Facility as described in Note 6. The amortization of such costs is included in credit facility fees in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

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Deferred financing costs also include capitalized expenses including structuring and arrangement fees related to the offering of the 2015-1 Notes. Amortization of deferred financing costs for the 2015-1 Notes is computed on the effective yield method over the term of the 2015-1 Notes. The amortization of such costs is included in interest expense in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The 2015-1 Notes are recorded at carrying value, which approximates fair value.

Organization and Offering Costs

The Company agreed to reimburse the Investment Adviser for initial organization and offering costs incurred on behalf of GMS Finance up to $1,500. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, $1,500 of organization and offering costs had been incurred by GMS Finance and $57 of excess organization and offering costs had been incurred by the Investment Adviser since inception. The $1,500 of incurred organization and offering costs are allocated to all stockholders based on their respective capital commitment and are re-allocated amongst all stockholders at the time of each capital drawdown subsequent to the Initial Closing. The Company’s organization costs incurred are expensed and the offering costs are charged against equity when incurred.

Income Taxes

For federal income tax purposes, GMS Finance has elected to be treated as a RIC under the Code, and intends to make the required distributions to its stockholders as specified therein. In order to qualify as a RIC, GMS Finance must meet certain minimum distribution, source-of-income and asset diversification requirements. If such requirements are met, then GMS Finance is generally required to pay income taxes only on the portion of its taxable income and gains it does not distribute.

The minimum distribution requirements applicable to RICs require GMS Finance to distribute to its stockholders at least 90% of its investment company taxable income (“ICTI”), as defined by the Code, each year. Depending on the level of ICTI earned in a tax year, GMS Finance may choose to carry forward ICTI in excess of current year distributions into the next tax year. Any such carryover ICTI must be distributed before the end of that next tax year through a dividend declared prior to filing the final tax return related to the year which generated such ICTI.

In addition, based on the excise distribution requirements, GMS Finance is subject to a 4% nondeductible federal excise tax on undistributed income unless GMS Finance distributes in a timely manner an amount at least equal to the sum of (1) 98% of its ordinary income for each calendar year, (2) 98.2% of capital gain net income (both long-term and short-term) for the one-year period ending October 31 in that calendar year and (3) any income realized, but not distributed, in the preceding year. For this purpose, however, any ordinary income or capital gain net income retained by GMS Finance that is subject to corporate income tax is considered to have been distributed. GMS Finance intends to make sufficient distributions each taxable year to satisfy the excise distribution requirements.

The Company evaluates tax positions taken or expected to be taken in the course of preparing its consolidated financial statements to determine whether the tax positions are “more-likely than not” to be sustained by the applicable tax authority. All penalties and interest associated with income taxes, if any, are included in income tax expense.

The Borrower Sub and the 2015-1 Issuer are disregarded entities for tax purposes and are consolidated with the tax return of GMS Finance.

 

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Capital Calls and Dividends and Distributions to Common Stockholders

The Company records the shares issued in connection with capital calls as of the effective date of the capital call. To the extent that the Company has taxable income available, the Company intends to make quarterly distributions to its common stockholders. Dividends and distributions to common stockholders are recorded on the record date. The amount to be distributed is determined by the Board of Directors each quarter and is generally based upon the taxable earnings estimated by management and available cash. Net realized capital gains, if any, are generally distributed at least annually, although the Company may decide to retain such capital gains for investment.

The Company has adopted a dividend reinvestment plan that provides for reinvestment of any distributions on behalf of its stockholders, for those who have elected to participate in the plan. As a result of adopting such a plan, if the Board of Directors authorizes, and GMS Finance declares, a cash dividend or distribution, the stockholders who have elected to participate in the dividend reinvestment plan would have their cash dividends or distributions automatically reinvested in additional shares of the Company’s common stock, rather than receiving cash. Prior to a Qualified IPO, the Company intends to use primarily newly issued shares of its common stock to implement the plan issued at the net asset value per share most recently determined by the Board of Directors. After a Qualified IPO, the Company intends to use primarily newly issued shares to implement the plan so long as the market value per share is equal to or greater than the net asset value per share as of the close of business on the relevant payment date for such dividend or distribution. If the market value per share is less than the net asset value per share as of the close of business on the relevant payment date, the plan administrator would purchase the common stock on behalf of participants in the open market, unless the Company instructs the plan administrator otherwise.

Functional Currency

The functional currency of the Company is the U.S. Dollar and all transactions were in U.S. Dollars.

Recent Accounting Standards Updates

On April 7, 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued ASU 2015-3, Interest—Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30) Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs (“ASU 2015-3”). ASU 2015-3 requires debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts and premiums. This guidance was effective for the Company on January 1, 2016 and the ASU requires the guidance to be applied on a retrospective basis. The Company adopted this guidance on January 1, 2016 and reclassified $2,356 of debt issuance costs from deferred financing costs to 2015-1 Notes payable in the accompanying Consolidated Statement of Assets and Liabilities as of December 31, 2015.

In May 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued ASU 2015-7, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820)—Disclosures for Investments in Certain Entities That Calculate Net Asset Value per Share (or Its Equivalent) (“ASU 2015-7”). ASU 2015-7 provides amended guidance on the disclosures for investments in certain entities that calculate net asset value per share (or its equivalent). The amendments remove the requirement to categorize within the fair value hierarchy all investments for which fair value is measured using the net asset value per share practical expedient. The amendments also remove the requirement to make certain disclosures for all investments that are eligible to be measured at fair value using the net asset value per share practical expedient. Rather, those disclosures are limited to investments for which the entity has elected to measure the fair value using that practical expedient. The guidance is effective for the Company on January 1, 2016. The Company adopted the new accounting guidance on January 1, 2016 and presented the fair value disclosures accordingly.

In August 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued ASU 2015-15, Interest—Imputation of Interest (Sub-topic 835-30): Presentation and Subsequent Measurement of Debt Issuance Costs Associated with

 

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Line-of-Credit Arrangements (“ASU 2015-15”). ASU 2015-03 does not address presentation or subsequent measurement of debt issuance costs related to line-of-credit arrangements. In accordance with ASU 2015-15, an entity may defer and present debt issuance costs as an asset and subsequently amortize the deferred debt issuance costs ratably over the term of the line-of-credit arrangement, regardless of whether there are any outstanding borrowings on the line-of-credit arrangement. This guidance was effective for the Company on January 1, 2016. The Company adopted the new accounting guidance and it did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

3. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

The Company applies fair value accounting in accordance with the terms of Financial Accounting Standards Board ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement (“ASC 820”). ASC 820 defines fair value as the amount that would be exchanged to sell an asset or transfer a liability in an orderly transfer between market participants at the measurement date. The Company values securities/instruments traded in active markets on the measurement date by multiplying the closing price of such traded securities/instruments by the quantity of shares or amount of the instrument held. The Company may also obtain quotes with respect to certain of its investments, such as its securities/instruments traded in active markets and its liquid securities/instruments that are not traded in active markets, from pricing services, brokers, or counterparties (i.e., “consensus pricing”). When doing so, the Company determines whether the quote obtained is sufficient according to US GAAP to determine the fair value of the security. The Company may use the quote obtained or alternative pricing sources may be utilized including valuation techniques typically utilized for illiquid securities/instruments.

Securities/instruments that are illiquid or for which the pricing source does not provide a valuation or methodology or provides a valuation or methodology that, in the judgment of the Investment Adviser or GMS Finance’s Board of Directors, does not represent fair value shall each be valued as of the measurement date using all techniques appropriate under the circumstances and for which sufficient data is available. These valuation techniques may vary by investment and include comparable public market valuations, comparable precedent transaction valuations and/or discounted cash flow analyses. The process generally used to determine the applicable value is as follows: (i) the value of each portfolio company or investment is initially reviewed by the investment professionals responsible for such portfolio company or investment and, for non-traded investments, a standardized template designed to approximate fair market value based on observable market inputs, updated credit statistics and unobservable inputs is used to determine a preliminary value, which is also reviewed alongside consensus pricing, where available; (ii) preliminary valuation conclusions are documented and reviewed by a valuation committee comprised of members of senior management; (iii) the Board of Directors engages a third-party valuation firm to provide positive assurance on portions of the Middle Market Senior Loans and equity investments portfolio each quarter (such that each non-traded investment is reviewed by a third-party valuation firm at least once on a rolling twelve month basis) including a review of management’s preliminary valuation and conclusion on fair value; (iv) the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors (the “Audit Committee”) reviews the assessments of the Investment Adviser and the third-party valuation firm and provides the Board of Directors with any recommendations with respect to changes to the fair value of each investment in the portfolio; and (v) the Board of Directors discusses the valuation recommendations of the Audit Committee and determines the fair value of each investment in the portfolio in good faith based on the input of the Investment Adviser and, where applicable, the third-party valuation firm.

All factors that might materially impact the value of an investment are considered, including, but not limited to the assessment of the following factors, as relevant:

 

    the nature and realizable value of any collateral;

 

    call features, put features and other relevant terms of debt;

 

    the portfolio company’s leverage and ability to make payments;

 

    the portfolio company’s public or private credit rating;

 

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    the portfolio company’s actual and expected earnings and discounted cash flow;

 

    prevailing interest rates and spreads for similar securities and expected volatility in future interest rates;

 

    the markets in which the portfolio company does business and recent economic and/or market events; and

 

    comparisons to comparable transactions and publicly traded securities.

Investment performance data utilized are the most recently available financial statements and compliance certificates received from the portfolio companies as of the measurement date which in many cases may reflect a lag in information.

Due to the inherent uncertainty of determining the fair value of investments that do not have a readily available market value, the fair value of the Company’s investments may fluctuate from period to period. Because of the inherent uncertainty of valuation, these estimated values may differ significantly from the values that would have been reported had a ready market for the investments existed, and it is reasonably possible that the difference could be material.

In addition, changes in the market environment and other events that may occur over the life of the investments may cause the realized gains or losses on investments to be different from the net change in unrealized appreciation or depreciation currently reflected in the consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.

US GAAP establishes a hierarchical disclosure framework which ranks the level of observability of market price inputs used in measuring investments at fair value. The observability of inputs is impacted by a number of factors, including the type of investment and the characteristics specific to the investment and state of the marketplace, including the existence and transparency of transactions between market participants. Investments with readily available quoted prices or for which fair value can be measured from quoted prices in active markets generally have a higher degree of market price observability and a lesser degree of judgment applied in determining fair value.

Investments measured and reported at fair value are classified and disclosed based on the observability of inputs used in determination of fair values, as follows:

 

    Level I—inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices available in active markets for identical investments as of the reporting date. The types of financial instruments in Level I generally include unrestricted securities, including equities and derivatives, listed in active markets. The Company does not adjust the quoted price for these investments, even in situations where the Company holds a large position and a sale could reasonably impact the quoted price.

 

    Level II—inputs to the valuation methodology are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date and are those other than quoted prices in active markets. The type of financial instruments in this category generally includes less liquid and restricted securities listed in active markets, securities traded in other than active markets, government and agency securities, and certain over-the-counter derivatives where the fair value is based on observable inputs.

 

    Level III—inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to overall fair value measurement. The inputs into the determination of fair value require significant management judgment or estimation. Financial instruments that are in this category generally include investments in privately-held entities, CLOs, and certain over-the-counter derivatives where the fair value is based on unobservable inputs.

In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, an investment’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of

 

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input that is significant to the overall fair value measurement. The Investment Adviser’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the investment.

Transfers between levels, if any, are recognized at the beginning of the quarter in which the transfers occur. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, there were no transfers between levels.

The following tables summarize the Company’s investments measured at fair value on a recurring basis by the above fair value hierarchy levels as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015:

 

     March 31, 2016  
     Level I      Level II      Level III      Total  

Assets

           

First Lien Debt

   $ —         $ 10,030       $ 873,670       $ 883,700   

Second Lien Debt

     —           —           227,890         227,890   

Structured Finance Obligations

     —           —           30,355         30,355   

Equity Investments

     —           —           2,795         2,795   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

   $ —         $ 10,030       $ 1,134,710       $ 1,144,740   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Investments measured at net asset value (1)

  

     1   
           

 

 

 

Total

            $ 1,144,741   
           

 

 

 

 

     December 31, 2015  
     Level I      Level II      Level III      Total  

Assets

           

First Lien Debt

   $ —         $ 9,575       $ 785,459       $ 795,034   

Second Lien Debt

     —           —           210,396         210,396   

Structured Finance Obligations

     —           —           44,812         44,812   

Equity Investments

     —           —           2,424         2,424   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ —         $ 9,575       $ 1,043,091       $ 1,052,666   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Amount represents the Company’s investment in Credit Fund, which held cash as of March 31, 2016. The fair value of this investment has been estimated using the net asset value of the Company’s ownership interest in members’ capital.

 

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The changes in the Company’s investments at fair value for which the Company has used Level III inputs to determine fair value and net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) included in earnings for Level III investments still held are as follows:

 

           Financial Assets
For the three month period ended March 31, 2016
 
     First Lien
Debt
    Second
Lien Debt
    Structured
Finance
Obligations
    Equity
Investments
     Total  

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 785,459      $ 210,396      $ 44,812      $ 2,424       $ 1,043,091   

Purchases

     98,802        33,488        —          —           132,290   

Sales

     (2,193     (10,835     (9,805     —           (22,833

Paydowns

     (3,326     —          —          —           (3,326

Accretion of discount

     532        97        (31     —           598   

Net realized gains (losses)

     4        —          (3,581     —           (3,577

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation)

     (5,608     (5,256     (1,040     371         (11,533
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $ 873,670      $ 227,890      $ 30,355      $ 2,795       $ 1,134,710   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) included in earnings related to investments still held as of March 31, 2016 included in net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments non-controlled/non-affiliated on the Consolidated Statements of Operations

   $ (5,602   $ (5,256   $ (4,298   $ 371       $ (14,785
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Financial Assets
For the three month period ended March 31, 2015
 
     First Lien
Debt
    Second
Lien Debt
     Structured
Finance
Obligations
    Total  

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 505,212      $ 107,874       $ 76,001      $ 689,087   

Purchases

     86,297        9,853         7,819        103,969   

Sales

     —          —           (3,311     (3,311

Paydowns

     (12,348     —           (1,937     (14,285

Accretion of discount

     277        25         5        307   

Net realized gain (loss)

     2        —           (266     (264

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation)

     2,953        446         (180     3,219   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $ 582,393      $ 118,198       $ 78,131      $ 778,722   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) included in earnings related to investments still held as of March 31, 2015 included in net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments non-controlled/non-affiliated on the Consolidated Statements of Operations

   $ 3,024      $ 446       $ (446   $ 3,024   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

The Company generally uses the following framework when determining the fair value of investments that are categorized as Level III:

Investments in debt securities are initially evaluated to determine whether the enterprise value of the portfolio company is greater than the applicable debt. The enterprise value of the portfolio company is estimated using a market approach and an income approach. The market approach utilizes market value (EBITDA)

 

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multiples of publicly traded comparable companies and available precedent sales transactions of comparable companies. The Company carefully considers numerous factors when selecting the appropriate companies whose multiples are used to value its portfolio companies. These factors include, but are not limited to, the type of organization, similarity to the business being valued, relevant risk factors, as well as size, profitability and growth expectations. The income approach typically uses a discounted cash flow analysis of the portfolio company.

Investments in debt securities that do not have sufficient coverage through the enterprise value analysis are valued based on an expected probability of default and discount recovery analysis.

Investments in debt securities with sufficient coverage through the enterprise value analysis are generally valued using a discounted cash flow analysis of the underlying security. Projected cash flows in the discounted cash flow typically represent the relevant security’s contractual interest, fees and principal payments plus the assumption of full principal recovery at the security’s expected maturity date. The discount rate to be used is determined using an average of two market-based methodologies. Investments in debt securities may also be valued using consensus pricing.

Investments in structured finance obligations are generally valued using a discounted cash flow and/or consensus pricing.

Investments in equities are generally valued using a market approach and/or an income approach. The market approach utilizes EBITDA multiples of publicly traded comparable companies and available precedent sales transactions of comparable companies. The income approach typically uses a discounted cash flow analysis of the portfolio company.

Investments in investment funds are valued using the net asset value of the Company’s ownership interest in the funds.

 

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The following tables summarize the quantitative information related to the significant unobservable inputs for Level III instruments which are carried at fair value as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015:

 

    Fair Value as
of March 31,
2016
   

Valuation Techniques

 

Significant

Unobservable

Inputs

  Range     Weighted
Average
 
          Low     High    

Investments in First Lien Debt

  $ 742,795      Discounted Cash Flow   Discount Rate     5.64     15.19     8.22
    130,875      Consensus Pricing   Indicative Quotes     75.25        99.25        94.74   
 

 

 

           

Total First Lien Debt

    873,670             
 

 

 

           

Investments in Second Lien Debt

    201,739      Discounted Cash Flow   Discount Rate     9.59     13.75     11.07
    24,739      Consensus Pricing   Indicative Quotes     92.00        101.00        95.71   
    1,412      Income Approach   Discount Rate     16.75     16.75     16.75
    Market Approach   Comparable Multiple     7.84x        7.84x        7.84x   
 

 

 

           

Total Second Lien Debt

    227,890             
 

 

 

           

Investments in Structured Finance Obligations

    30,260      Discounted Cash Flow   Discount Rate     16.60     18.20     17.32
      Default Rate     0.14        1.84        1.48   
      Prepayment Rate     13.99        30.00        21.34   
      Recovery Rate     69.37        75.00        74.45   
    95      Consensus Pricing   Indicative Quotes     0.18        1.12        1.02   
 

 

 

           

Total Structured Finance Obligations

    30,355             
 

 

 

           

Investments in Equity

    2,795      Income Approach   Discount Rate     8.71     11.34     9.52
    Market Approach   Comparable Multiple     9.85x        11.09x        10.71x   
 

 

 

           

Total Equity Investments

    2,795             
 

 

 

           

Total Level III Investments

  $ 1,134,710             
 

 

 

           

 

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    Fair Value as
of December 31,
2015
   

Valuation Techniques

 

Significant

Unobservable Inputs

  Range     Weighted
Average
 
          Low     High    

Investments in First Lien Debt

  $ 618,172      Discounted Cash Flow   Discount Rate     5.57     13.37     8.19
    167,287      Consensus Pricing   Indicative Quotes     96.50        99.38        97.97   
 

 

 

           

Total First Lien Debt

    785,459             
 

 

 

           

Investments in Second Lien Debt

    161,907      Discounted Cash Flow   Discount Rate     9.37     15.44     10.56
    48,489      Consensus Pricing   Indicative Quotes     93.25        101.25        96.86   
 

 

 

           

Total Second Lien Debt

    210,396             
 

 

 

           

Investments in Structured Finance Obligations

    43,016      Discounted Cash Flow   Discount Rate     13.00     17.50     14.05
      Default Rate     0.19        1.56        1.09   
      Prepayment Rate     18.16        40.00        22.09   
      Recovery Rate     69.27        75.00        74.36   
    1,796      Consensus Pricing   Indicative Quotes     0.18        63.00        59.69   
 

 

 

           

Total Structured Finance Obligations

    44,812             
 

 

 

           

Investments in Equity

    2,424      Income Approach   Discount Rate     10.19     10.90     10.42
    Market Approach   Comparable Multiple     9.94x        11.09x        10.71x   
 

 

 

           

Total Equity Investments

    2,424             
 

 

 

           

Total Level III Investments

  $ 1,043,091             
 

 

 

           

The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of the Company’s investments in first and second lien debt securities are discount rates and indicative quotes. Significant increases in discount rates would result in a significantly lower fair value measurement. Significant decreases in indicative quotes in isolation may result in a significantly lower fair value measurement.

The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of the Company’s investments in structured finance obligations are discount rates, default rates, prepayment rates, recovery rates and indicative quotes. Significant increases in discount rates, default rates or prepayment rates in isolation would result in a significantly lower fair value measurement, while a significant increase in recovery rates in isolation would result in a significantly higher fair value. Significant decreases in indicative quotes in isolation may result in a significantly lower fair value measurement.

The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of the Company’s investments in equities are discount rates and comparable EBITDA multiples. Significant increases in discount rates would result in a significantly lower fair value measurement. Significant decreases in comparable EBITDA multiples would result in a significantly lower fair value measurement.

Financial instruments disclosed but not carried at fair value

The following table presents the carrying value and fair value of the Company’s secured borrowings disclosed but not carried at fair value as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015:

 

     March 31, 2016      December 31, 2015  
     Carrying Value      Fair Value      Carrying Value      Fair Value  

Secured borrowings

   $ 279,313       $ 279,313       $ 234,313       $ 234,313   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 279,313       $ 279,313       $ 234,313       $ 234,313   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The carrying values of the secured borrowings approximate their respective fair values and are categorized as Level III within the hierarchy. Secured borrowings are valued generally using discounted cash flow analysis. The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of the Company’s secured borrowings are discount rates. Significant increases in discount rates would result in a significantly lower fair value measurement.

The following table represents the carrying values (before debt issuance costs) and fair values of the Company’s 2015-1 Notes disclosed but not carried at fair value as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015:

 

     March 31, 2016      December 31, 2015  
     Carrying Value      Fair Value      Carrying Value      Fair Value  

Aaa/AAA Class A-1A Notes

   $ 160,000       $ 156,338       $ 160,000       $ 157,200   

Aaa/AAA Class A-1B Notes

     40,000         39,263         40,000         39,700   

Aaa/AAA Class A-1C Notes

     27,000         27,192         27,000         26,823   

Aa2 Class A-2 Notes

     46,000         44,669         46,000         45,122   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 273,000       $ 267,462       $ 273,000       $ 268,845   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The fair value determination of the Company’s 2015-1 Notes was based on the market quotation(s) received from broker/dealer(s). These fair value measurements were based on significant inputs not observable and thus represent Level III measurements as defined in the accounting guidance for fair value measurement.

The carrying value of other financial assets and liabilities approximates their fair value based on the short term nature of these items.

4. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Investment Advisory Agreement

On April 3, 2013, the Company’s Board of Directors, including a majority of the directors who are not “interested persons” as defined in Section 2(a)(19) of the Investment Company Act (the “Independent Directors”), approved an investment advisory agreement (the “Investment Advisory Agreement”) between the Company and the Investment Adviser in accordance with, and on the basis of an evaluation satisfactory to such directors as required by, Section 15(c) of the Investment Company Act. The initial term of the Investment Advisory Agreement is two years from April 3, 2013 and, unless terminated earlier, the Investment Advisory Agreement will renew automatically for successive annual periods, provided that such continuance is specifically approved at least annually by the vote of the Board of Directors and by the vote of a majority of the Independent Directors. On March 10, 2016, the Company’s Board of Directors, including a majority of the Independent Directors, approved the continuance of the Advisory Agreement for a one year period. The Investment Advisory Agreement will automatically terminate in the event of an assignment and may be terminated by either party without penalty upon at least 60 days’ written notice to the other party. Subject to the overall supervision of the Board of Directors, the Investment Adviser provides investment advisory services to the Company. For providing these services, the Investment Adviser receives fees from the Company consisting of two components—a base management fee and an incentive fee.

Prior to a Qualified IPO, the base management fee is calculated and payable quarterly in arrears at an annual rate of 1.50% of the average daily gross assets of the Company for the period adjusted for share issuances or repurchases, excluding any cash and cash equivalents and including assets acquired with leverage from use of the Revolving Credit Facility, Facility and 2015-1 Notes (see Note 6, Borrowings, and Note 7, 2015-1 Notes). For purposes of this calculation, cash and cash equivalents include any temporary investments in cash-equivalents, U.S. government securities and other high quality investment grade debt investments that mature in 12 months or less from the date of investment. Base management fees for any partial quarter are prorated. The Investment Adviser contractually waived one-third (0.50%) of the base management fee prior to a Qualified IPO. The fee waiver will terminate if and when a Qualified IPO has been consummated.

 

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The incentive fee has two parts. The first part is calculated and payable quarterly in arrears based on the pre-incentive fee net investment income for the immediately preceding calendar quarter. The second part is determined and payable in arrears based on capital gains as of the end of each calendar year.

Pre-incentive fee net investment income means interest income, dividend income and any other income (including any other fees (other than fees for providing managerial assistance), such as commitment, origination, structuring, diligence and consulting fees or other fees that the Company receives from portfolio companies) accrued during the calendar quarter, minus the operating expenses accrued for the quarter (including the base management fee, expenses payable under the administration agreement, and any interest expense or fees on any credit facilities or outstanding debt and dividends paid on any issued and outstanding preferred stock, but excluding the incentive fee). Pre-incentive fee net investment income does not include, in the case of investments with a deferred interest feature (such as original issue discount, debt instruments with pay-in-kind interest and zero coupon securities), accrued income that the Company has not yet received in cash. Pre-incentive fee net investment income does not include any realized capital gains, realized capital losses or unrealized capital appreciation or depreciation.

Prior to any Qualified IPO of the Company’s common stock, pre-incentive fee net investment income, expressed as a rate of return on the average daily Hurdle Calculation Value (as defined below) throughout the immediately preceding calendar quarter, is compared to a “hurdle rate” of 1.50% per quarter (6% annualized). “Hurdle Calculation Value” means, on any given day, the sum of (x) the value of net assets as of the end of the calendar quarter immediately preceding such day plus (y) the aggregate amount of capital drawn from investors (or reinvested in the Company pursuant to a dividend reinvestment plan) from the beginning of the current quarter to such day minus (z) the aggregate amount of distributions (including share repurchases) made by the Company from the beginning of the current quarter to such day but only to the extent such distributions were not declared and accounted for on the books and records in a previous quarter.

GMS Finance pays its Investment Adviser an incentive fee with respect to its pre-incentive fee net investment income in each calendar quarter as follows:

 

    no incentive fee based on pre-incentive fee net investment income in any calendar quarter in which its pre-incentive fee net investment income does not exceed the hurdle of 1.50%;

 

    100% of pre-incentive fee net investment income with respect to that portion of such pre-incentive fee net investment income, if any, that exceeds the hurdle but is less than 1.875% in any calendar quarter (7.50% annualized). The Company refers to this portion of the pre-incentive fee net investment income (which exceeds the hurdle but is less than 1.875%) as the “catch-up.” The “catch-up” is meant to provide the Investment Adviser with approximately 20% of the Company’s pre-incentive fee net investment income as if a hurdle did not apply if this net investment income exceeds 1.875% in any calendar quarter; and

 

    20% of the amount of pre-incentive fee net investment income, if any, that exceeds 1.875% in any calendar quarter (7.50% annualized) will be payable to the Investment Adviser. This reflects that once the hurdle is reached and the catch-up is achieved, 20% of all pre-incentive fee investment income thereafter is allocated to the Investment Adviser.

The second part of the incentive fee is determined and payable in arrears as of the end of each calendar year (or upon termination of the Investment Advisory Agreement, as of the termination date), and equals 20% of realized capital gains, if any, on a cumulative basis from inception through the date of determination, computed net of all realized capital losses on a cumulative basis and unrealized capital depreciation, less the aggregate amount of any previously paid capital gain incentive fees, provided that, the incentive fee determined at the end of the first calendar year of operations may be calculated for a period of shorter than twelve calendar months to take into account any realized capital gains computed net of all realized capital losses on a cumulative basis and unrealized capital depreciation.

 

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The Company will defer payment of any incentive fee otherwise earned by the Investment Adviser if, during the most recent four full calendar quarter periods (or, if less, the number of full calendar quarters completed since the initial drawdown of capital from the stockholders, “Initial Drawdown”) ending on or prior to the date such payment is to be made, the sum of (a) the aggregate distributions to stockholders and (b) the change in net assets (defined as gross assets less indebtedness and before taking into account any incentive fees payable during the period) is less than 6.0% of net assets (defined as gross assets less indebtedness) at the beginning of such period, provided, that such percentage will be appropriately prorated during the four full calendar quarters immediately following the Initial Drawdown. These calculations are adjusted for any share issuances or repurchases. Any deferred incentive fees are carried over for payment in subsequent calculation periods. The Investment Adviser may earn an incentive fee under the Investment Advisory Agreement on the Company’s repurchase of debt issued by the Company at a gain.

Prior to a Qualified IPO, from time to time, CGMSIM intends to pay certain individuals providing services to CGMSIM, including individuals who serve as our executive officer and/or director and individuals who are members of the CGMSIM team managing our investments (the “CGMSIM Investment Team”), a portion of each installment of the gross incentive fees that CGMSIM receives from us in consideration of their services on behalf of CGMSIM, with approximately 25% of the net after-tax amount paid to such members being paid in the form of newly issued shares of common stock purchased from us. In addition, following the completion of a Qualified IPO, from time to time, CGMSIM intends to purchase shares of our common stock in the open market at a purchase price, in the aggregate, equal to approximately 25% of each installment of the net after-tax incentive fees that CGMSIM receives from us, subject to market conditions. CGMSIM may then distribute those shares to individuals eligible for such payment in consideration of their services on behalf of CGMSIM.

For the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, base management fees were $2,760 and $1,815, respectively (net of waiver of $1,380 and $908, respectively), incentive fees related to pre-incentive fee net investment income were $2,990 and $1,620, respectively, and there were no incentive fees related to realized capital gains. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, there were no accrued capital gains incentive fees based upon the cumulative net realized and unrealized appreciation (depreciation) as of March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The accrual for any capital gains incentive fee under US GAAP in a given period may result in an additional expense if such cumulative amount is greater than in the prior period or a reduction of previously recorded expense if such cumulative amount is less than in the prior period. If such cumulative amount is negative, then there is no accrual.

As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, $8,440 and $5,277, respectively, was included in base management and incentive fees payable in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

On April 3, 2013, the Investment Adviser entered into a personnel agreement with The Carlyle Group Employee Co., L.L.C. (“Carlyle Employee Co.”), an affiliate of the Investment Adviser, pursuant to which Carlyle Employee Co. provides the Investment Adviser with access to investment professionals.

Administration Agreement

On April 3, 2013, the Company’s Board of Directors approved an administration agreement (the “Administration Agreement”) between the Company and the Administrator. Pursuant to the Administration Agreement, the Administrator provides services and receives reimbursements equal to an amount that reimburses the Administrator for its costs and expenses and the Company’s allocable portion of overhead incurred by the Administrator in performing its obligations under the Administration Agreement, including the Company’s allocable portion of the compensation paid to or compensatory distributions received by the Company’s officers (including the Chief Compliance Officer and Chief Financial Officer) and respective staff who provide services to the Company, operations staff who provide services to the Company, and any internal audit staff, to the extent internal audit performs a role in the Company’s Sarbanes-Oxley Act internal control assessment. Reimbursement under the Administration Agreement occurs quarterly in arrears.

 

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The initial term of the Administration Agreement is two years from April 3, 2013 and, unless terminated earlier, the Administration Agreement will renew automatically for successive annual periods, provided that such continuance is specifically approved at least annually by (i) the vote of the Board of Directors or by a majority vote of the outstanding voting securities of the Company and (ii) the vote of a majority of the Company’s Independent Directors. On March 10, 2016, the Company’s Board of Directors, including a majority of the Independent Directors, approved the continuance of the Administration Agreement for a one year period. The Administration Agreement may not be assigned by a party without the consent of the other party and may be terminated by either party without penalty upon at least 60 days’ written notice to the other party.

For the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, GMS Finance incurred $148 and $112, respectively in fees under the Administrative Agreement, which were included in administrative service fees in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, $147 and $97, respectively, was unpaid and included in administrative service fees payable in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

Sub-Administration Agreements

On April 3, 2013, the Administrator entered into sub-administration agreements with Carlyle Employee Co. and CELF Advisors LLP. Pursuant to the agreements, Carlyle Employee Co. and CELF Advisors LLP provide the Administrator with access to personnel.

On April 3, 2013, the Administrator entered into a sub-administration agreement with State Street Bank and Trust Company (as amended, the “Sub-Administration Agreement”). On March 11, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors, including a majority of the Independent Directors, approved an amendment to the Sub-Administration Agreement. The initial term of the Sub-Administration Agreement ends on April 1, 2017 and, unless terminated earlier, the Sub-Administration Agreement will renew automatically for successive annual periods, provided that such continuance is specifically approved at least annually by (i) the vote of the Board of Directors or by the vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of the Company and (ii) the vote of a majority of the Company’s Independent Directors. The Sub-Administration Agreement may be terminated upon at least 60 days’ written notice and without penalty by the vote of a majority of the outstanding securities of the Company, or by the vote of the Board of Directors or by either party to the Sub-Administration Agreement.

For the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, fees incurred in connection with the Sub-Administration Agreement, which amounted to $140 and $91, respectively, were included in other general and administrative in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, $140 and $138, respectively, was unpaid and included in other accrued expenses and liabilities in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

Placement Fees

On April 3, 2013, the Company entered into a placement fee arrangement with TCG Securities, L.L.C. (“TCG”), a licensed broker-dealer and an affiliate of the Investment Adviser, which may require stockholders to pay a placement fee to TCG for TCG’s services.

For the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, TCG earned placement fees of $3 and $1, respectively, from GMS Finance stockholders in connection with the issuance or sale of the Company’s common stock.

Board of Directors

GMS Finance’s Board of Directors currently consists of seven members, four of whom are Independent Directors. The Board of Directors has established an Audit Committee consisting of its Independent Directors and a Pricing Committee of the Board of Directors (the “Pricing Committee”), and may establish additional

 

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committees in the future. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, GMS Finance incurred $120 and $101, respectively, in fees and expenses associated with its Independent Directors, the Audit Committee and the Pricing Committee. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, $0 was unpaid and included in other accrued expenses and liabilities in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, certain current directors had committed $1,541 in capital commitments to the Company.

5. MIDDLE MARKET CREDIT FUND, LLC

On February 29, 2016, the Company and Credit Partners entered into the Limited Liability Company Agreement to co-manage Credit Fund, an unconsolidated Delaware limited liability company. Credit Fund will primarily invest in first lien loans of middle-market companies. Credit Fund is managed by a six-member board of managers, on which the Company and Credit Partners each have equal representation. The Company and Credit Partners each have 50% economic ownership of Credit Fund and have commitments to fund, from time to time, capital of up to $400,000 each.

Together with Credit Partners, the Company co-invests through Credit Fund. Portfolio and investment decisions with respect to Credit Fund must be unanimously approved by a quorum of Credit Fund’s investment committee consisting of an equal number of representatives of the Company and Credit Partners. Therefore, although the Company owns more than 25% of the voting securities of Credit Fund, the Company does not believe that it has control over Credit Fund (other than for purposes of the Investment Company Act).

During the quarter ended March 31, 2016, the Company and Credit Partners each made an initial capital contribution of $1. As of March 31, 2016, Credit Fund held cash totaling $2 and had members’ capital of $2. The Company’s ownership interest in such members’ capital was $1.

6. BORROWINGS

In accordance with the Investment Company Act, the Company is only allowed to borrow amounts such that its asset coverage, as defined in the Investment Company Act, is at least 200% after such borrowing. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, asset coverage was 206.60%, and 212.70%, respectively. During the three month period ended March 31, 2016, there were secured borrowings of $111,000 under the Revolving Credit Facility and Facility and repayments of $66,000 under the Facility. During the three month period ended March 31, 2015, there were secured borrowings of $105,699 under the Revolving Credit Facility and Facility and repayments of $51,000 under the Facility. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, there was $279,313 and $234,313, respectively, in secured borrowings outstanding.

Revolving Credit Facility

The Borrower Sub closed on May 24, 2013 on the Revolving Credit Facility, which was subsequently amended on June 30, 2014 (the “First Amendment”) and further amended on June 19, 2015. Advances under the Revolving Credit Facility first became available once the Borrower Sub held at least $30,000 of minimum equity in its assets. The Revolving Credit Facility provides for secured borrowings during the applicable revolving period up to an amount equal to the lesser of $400,000 (the borrowing base as calculated pursuant to the terms of the Revolving Credit Facility) and the amount of net cash proceeds and unpledged capital commitments the Company has received, with an accordion feature that can, subject to certain conditions, increase the aggregate maximum credit commitment up to an amount not to exceed $750,000, subject to restrictions imposed on borrowings under the Investment Company Act and certain restrictions and conditions set forth in the Revolving Credit Facility, including adequate collateral to support such borrowings. The Revolving Credit Facility has a revolving period through May 24, 2018 and a maturity date of May 22, 2021. Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility bear interest initially at the applicable commercial paper rate (if the lender is a conduit lender) or LIBOR (or, if applicable, a rate based on the prime rate or federal funds rate) plus 1.90% per year during the

 

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revolving period, with pre-determined future interest rate increases of 1.00%-1.85% over the three years following the end of the revolving period. The Borrower Sub is also required to pay an undrawn commitment fee of between 0.25% and 0.75% per year depending on the usage of the Revolving Credit Facility. Payments under the Revolving Credit Facility are made quarterly. The lenders have a first lien security interest on substantially all of the assets of the Borrower Sub.

As part of the Revolving Credit Facility, the Borrower Sub is subject to limitations as to how borrowed funds may be used and the types of loans that are eligible to be acquired by the Borrower Sub including, but not limited to, restrictions on sector and geographic concentrations, loan size, payment frequency, tenor and minimum investment ratings (or estimated ratings). In addition, borrowed funds are intended to be used primarily to purchase first lien loan assets, and the Borrower Sub is limited in its ability to purchase certain other assets (including, but not limited to, second lien loans, covenant-lite loans, revolving and delayed draw loans and discount loans) and other assets are not permitted to be purchased (including, but not limited to paid-in-kind loans and structured finance obligations). The Revolving Credit Facility has certain requirements relating to interest coverage, collateral quality and portfolio performance, including limitations on delinquencies and charge offs, certain violations of which could result in the immediate acceleration of the amounts due under the Revolving Credit Facility. The Revolving Credit Facility is also subject to a borrowing base that applies different advance rates to assets held by the Borrower Sub based generally on the fair market value of such assets. Under certain circumstances as set forth in the Revolving Credit Facility, the Company could be obliged to repurchase loans from the Borrower Sub.

As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Borrower Sub was in compliance with all covenants and other requirements of the Revolving Credit Facility.

Facility

The Company closed on March 21, 2014 on the Facility, which was subsequently amended on January 8, 2015. The maximum principal amount of the Facility is $150,000, subject to availability under the Facility, which is based on certain advance rates multiplied by the value of the Company’s portfolio investments (subject to certain concentration limitations) net of certain other indebtedness that the Company may incur in accordance with the terms of the Facility. Proceeds of the Facility may be used for general corporate purposes, including the funding of portfolio investments. Maximum capacity under the Facility may be increased to $225,000 through the exercise by the Company of an uncommitted accordion feature through which existing and new lenders may, at their option, agree to provide additional financing. The Facility includes a $20,000 limit for swingline loans and a $5,000 limit for letters of credit. The Company may borrow amounts in U.S. dollars or certain other permitted currencies. Amounts drawn under the Facility, including amounts drawn in respect of letters of credit, will bear interest at either LIBOR plus an applicable spread of 2.25%, or an “alternative base rate” (which is the highest of a prime rate, the federal funds effective rate plus 0.50%, or one month LIBOR plus 1.00%) plus an applicable spread of 1.25%. The Company may elect either the LIBOR or the “alternative base rate” at the time of drawdown, and loans may be converted from one rate to another at any time, subject to certain conditions. The Company also pays a fee of 0.375% on undrawn amounts under the Facility and, in respect of each undrawn letter of credit, a fee and interest rate equal to the then-applicable margin under the Facility while the letter of credit is outstanding. The availability period under the Facility will terminate on March 21, 2018 and the Facility will mature on March 21, 2019. During the period from March 21, 2018 to March 21, 2019, the Company will be obligated to make mandatory prepayments under the Facility out of the proceeds of certain asset sales, other recovery events and equity and debt issuances.

Subject to certain exceptions, the Facility is secured by a first lien security interest in substantially all of the portfolio investments held by the Company and the Company’s unfunded investor equity capital commitments (provided that the amount of unfunded capital commitments ultimately available to the lenders is limited to $100,000). The pledge of unfunded investor equity capital commitments was subject to release once $100,000 of incremental capital had been called and received by the Company subsequent to January 8, 2015. The pledge of

 

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unfunded investor equity capital commitments had been released as of March 31, 2016. The Facility includes customary covenants, including certain financial covenants related to asset coverage, shareholders’ equity and liquidity, certain limitations on the incurrence of additional indebtedness and liens, and other maintenance covenants, as well as usual and customary events of default for senior secured revolving credit facilities of this nature.

As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company was in compliance with all covenants and other requirements of the Facility.

Summary of Facilities

The facilities of the Company and the Borrower Sub consisted of the following as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015:

 

     March 31, 2016  
     Total Facility      Borrowings
Outstanding
     Unused Portion (1)      Amount
Available (2)
 

Revolving Credit Facility

   $ 400,000       $ 182,313       $ 217,687       $ 3,660   

Facility

     150,000         97,000         53,000         53,000   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 550,000       $ 279,313       $ 270,687       $ 56,660   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     December 31, 2015  
     Total Facility      Borrowings
Outstanding
     Unused Portion (1)      Amount
Available (2)
 

Revolving Credit Facility

   $ 400,000       $ 170,313       $ 229,687       $ 3,155   

Facility

     150,000         64,000         86,000         86,000   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 550,000       $ 234,313       $ 315,687       $ 89,155   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) The unused portion is the amount upon which commitment fees are based.
(2) Available for borrowing based on the computation of collateral to support the borrowings.

As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, $1,134 and $966, respectively, of interest expense, $267 and $141, respectively, of unused commitment fees and $22 and $22, respectively, of other fees were included in interest and credit facility fees payable. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, the weighted average interest rate was 2.60% and 2.18%, respectively, and average principal debt outstanding was $257,170 and $326,786, respectively. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the interest rate was 2.82% and 2.37%, respectively, based on floating LIBOR rates.

For the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, the components of interest expense and credit facility fees on the facilities were as follows:

 

     For the three month periods ended  
    

March 31, 2016

    

March 31, 2015

 

Interest expense

   $ 1,698       $ 1,780   

Facility unused commitment fee

     361         170   

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     213         232   

Other fees

     25         26   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest expense and credit facility fees

   $ 2,297       $ 2,208   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest expense

   $ 1,520       $ 1,450   

 

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7. 2015-1 Notes

On June 26, 2015, the Company completed the 2015-1 Debt Securitization. The 2015-1 Notes were issued by the 2015-1 Issuer, a wholly-owned and consolidated subsidiary of the Company, and are secured by a diversified portfolio of the 2015-1 Issuer consisting primarily of first and second lien senior secured loans. The 2015-1 Debt Securitization was executed through a private placement of the 2015-1 Notes, consisting of $160 million of Aaa/AAA Class A-1A Notes which bear interest at the three-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 1.85%; $40 million of Aaa/AAA Class A-1B Notes which bear interest at the three-month LIBOR plus 1.75% for the first 24 months and the three-month LIBOR plus 2.05% thereafter; $27 million of Aaa/AAA Class A-1C Notes which bear interest at 3.75%; and $46 million of Aa2 Class A-2 Notes which bear interest at the three month LIBOR plus 2.70%. The 2015-1 Notes were issued at par and are scheduled to mature on July 15, 2027. The Company received 100% of the preferred interests (the “Preferred Interests”) issued by the 2015-1 Issuer on the closing date of the 2015-1 Debt Securitization in exchange for the Company’s contribution to the Issuer of the initial closing date loan portfolio. The Preferred Interests do not bear interest and had a nominal value of $125.9 million at closing. In connection with the contribution, the Company made customary representations, warranties and covenants to the 2015-1 Issuer in the purchase agreement. The Class A-1A, Class A-1B and Class A-1C and Class A-2 Notes are included in the March 31, 2016 consolidated financial statements. The Preferred Interests were eliminated in consolidation.

On the closing date of the 2015-1 Debt Securitization, the 2015-1 Issuer effected a one-time distribution to the Company of a substantial portion of the proceeds of the private placement of the 2015-1 Notes, net of expenses, which distribution was used to repay a portion of certain amounts outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility and the Facility. As part of the 2015-1 Debt Securitization, certain first and second lien senior secured loans were distributed by the Borrower Sub to the Company pursuant to a distribution and contribution agreement. The Company contributed the loans that comprised the initial closing date loan portfolio (including the loans distributed to the Company from the Borrower Sub) to the 2015-1 Issuer pursuant to a contribution agreement. Future loans transfers from the Company to the 2015-1 Issuer will be made pursuant to a sale agreement and are subject to the approval of the Company’s Board of Directors. Assets of the 2015-1 Issuer are not available to the creditors of the Borrower Sub or the Company. In connection with the issuance and sale of the 2015-1 Notes, the Company made customary representations, warranties and covenants in the purchase agreement.

During the reinvestment period, pursuant to the indenture governing the 2015-1 Notes, all principal collections received on the underlying collateral may be used by the 2015-1 Issuer to purchase new collateral under the direction of Investment Adviser in its capacity as collateral manager of the 2015-1 Issuer and in accordance with the Company’s investment strategy.

The Investment Adviser serves as collateral manager to the 2015-1 Issuer under a collateral management agreement (the “Collateral Management Agreement”). Pursuant to the Collateral Management Agreement, the 2015-1 Issuer pays management fees (comprised of base management fees, subordinated management fees and incentive management fees) (“Management Fees”) to the Investment Adviser for rendering collateral management services. As per the Collateral Management Agreement, for the period the Company retains all of the Preferred Interests, the Investment Adviser does not earn Management Fees for providing such collateral management services. The Company currently retains all of the Preferred Interests, thus the Investment Adviser did not earn any management fees from the 2015-1 Issuer for the three month period ended March 31, 2016.

Pursuant to an undertaking by the Company in connection with the 2015-1 Debt Securitization, the Company has agreed to hold on an ongoing basis Preferred Interests with an aggregate dollar purchase price at least equal to 5% of the aggregate outstanding amount of all collateral obligations by the 2015-1 Issuer for so long as any securities of the 2015-1 Issuer remain outstanding. As of March 31, 2016, the Company was in compliance with its undertaking.

 

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The 2015-1 Issuer pays ongoing administrative expenses to the trustee, independent accountants, legal counsel, rating agencies and independent managers in connection with developing and maintaining reports, and providing required services in connection with the administration of the 2015-1 Issuer.

As of March 31, 2016, there were 56 first lien and second lien senior secured loans with a total fair value of approximately $386,621 securing the 2015-1 Notes. The pool of loans in the securitization must meet certain requirements, including asset mix and concentration, term, agency rating, collateral coverage, minimum coupon, minimum spread and sector diversity requirements in the indenture governing the 2015-1 Notes.

For the three months ended March 31, 2016, the effective annualized weighted average interest rate, which includes amortization of debt issuance costs on the 2015-1 Notes, was 2.79% based on floating LIBOR rates.

For the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, the components of interest expense on the 2015-1 Notes were as follows:

 

     For the three month periods ended  
    

March 31, 2016

    

March 31, 2015

 

Interest expense

   $ 1,850       $ —     

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     51         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest expense and credit facility fees

   $ 1,901       $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest expense

   $ 1,707       $ —     

8. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

A summary of significant contractual payment obligations was as follows as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015:

 

     Revolving Credit Facility and Facility      2015-1 Notes  

Payment Due by Period

   March 31, 2016      December 31, 2015      March 31, 2016      December 31, 2015  

Less than 1 Year

   $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —     

1-3 Years

     97,000         —           —           —     

3-5 Years

     182,313         64,000         —           —     

More than 5 Years

     —           170,313         273,000         273,000   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 279,313       $ 234,313       $ 273,000       $ 273,000   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

In the ordinary course of its business, the Company enters into contracts or agreements that contain indemnification and warranties. Future events could occur that lead to the execution of these provisions against the Company. The Company believes that the likelihood of such an event is remote; however, the maximum potential exposure is unknown. No accrual has been made in the consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 for any such exposure.

As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company had $1,188,640 and $1,174,340, respectively, in total capital commitments from stockholders, of which $540,514 and $559,214, respectively, was unfunded. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, certain current directors had committed $1,541 in capital commitments to the Company.

 

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The Company had the following unfunded commitments to fund delayed draw and revolving senior secured loans as of the indicated dates:

 

    Par Value as of  
    March 31, 2016     December 31, 2015  

Unfunded delayed draw commitments

  $ 24,728      $ 20,695   

Unfunded revolving term loan commitments

    5,906        3,906   
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total unfunded commitments

  $ 30,634      $ 24,601   
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2016, the Company had remaining commitments to fund, from time to time, capital to Credit Fund of up to $399,999.

9. NET ASSETS

The Company has the authority to issue 200,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.01 per share par value.

During the three month period ended March 31, 2016, the Company issued 1,819,066 shares for $33,074 including reinvestment of dividends. The following table summarizes capital activity during the three month period ended March 31, 2016:

 

   

 

Common Stock

    Capital
in Excess

Of Par
Value
    Offering
Costs
    Accumulated
Net Investment
Income (Loss)
    Accumulated
Net Realized
Gain (Loss)

on
Investments
    Accumulated Net 
Unrealized
Appreciation

(Depreciation) on
Investments
    Total
Net
Assets
 
    Shares     Amount              

Balance, beginning of period

    31,524,083      $ 315      $ 613,944      $ (74   $ (12,994   $ (2,411   $ (27,054   $ 571,726   

Common stock issued

    1,815,181        18        32,982        —          —          —          —          33,000   

Reinvestment of dividends

    3,885        —          74        —          —          —          —          74   

Net investment income (loss)

    —          —          —          —          11,960        —          —          11,960   

Net realized gain (loss) on investments-non-controlled/non-affiliated

    —          —          —          —          —          (3,577     —          (3,577

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated

    —          —          —          —          —          —          (11,091     (11,091

Dividends declared

    —          —          —          —          (13,337     —          —          (13,337
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

    33,343,149      $ 333      $ 647,000      $ (74   $ (14,371   $ (5,988   $ (38,145   $ 588,755   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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During the three month period ended March 31, 2015, the Company issued 3,238,687 shares for $63,025. The following table summarizes capital activity during the three month period ended March 31, 2015:

 

   

 

Common Stock

    Capital
In Excess
Of Par
Value
    Offering
Costs
    Accumulated
Net Investment
Income (Loss)
    Accumulated
Net
Realized
Gain

(Loss)
on
Investments
    Accumulated Net
Change in
Unrealized
Appreciation
(Depreciation) on
Investments
    Total
Net
Assets
 
    Shares     Amount              

Balance, beginning of period

    17,932,697      $ 179      $ 351,636      $ (74   $ (4,388   $ (57   $ (9,039   $ 338,257   

Common stock issued

    3,237,636        33        62,972        —          —          —          —          63,005   

Reinvestment of dividends

    1,051        —          20        —          —          —          —          20   

Net investment income (loss)

    —          —          —          —          6,480        —          —          6,480   

Net realized gain (loss) on investments-non-controlled/non-affiliated

    —          —          —          —          —          (264     —          (264

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments—non-controlled/non-affiliated

    —          —          —          —          —          —          3,572        3,572   

Dividends declared

    —          —          —          —          (7,833     —          —          (7,833
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

    21,171,384      $ 212      $ 414,628      $ (74   $ (5,741   $ (321   $ (5,467   $ 403,237   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table summarizes total shares issued and proceeds received related to capital subscriptions for the Company’s common stock and reinvestment of dividends during the three month period ended March 31, 2016:

 

     Shares Issued      Proceeds Received  

January 22,2016**

     3,885       $ 74   

March 11, 2016

     1,815,181         33,000   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     1,819,066       $ 33,074   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

**   Represents shares issued upon the reinvestment of dividends

The following table summarizes total shares issued and proceeds received related to capital subscriptions for the Company’s common stock and reinvestment of dividends during the three month period ended March 31, 2015:

 

     Shares Issued      Proceeds Received  

January 16, 2015

     924,977         18,000   

January 26, 2015**

     1,051         20   

February 26, 2015

     2,312,659         45,005   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     3,238,687       $ 63,025   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

**   Represents shares issued upon the reinvestment of dividends

Subscribed but unissued shares are presented in equity with a deduction of subscriptions receivable until cash is received for a subscription. There were no subscribed but unissued shares as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.

Subscription transactions during the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 were executed at an offering price at a premium to net asset value due to the requirement to use prior quarter net asset value as offering price unless it would result in the Company selling shares of its common stock at a price below the current net asset value and also in order to effect a reallocation of organizational costs to subsequent investors. Such subscription transactions increased net asset value by $0.01 per share and $0.10 per share, respectively, for the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.

 

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The Company computes earnings per common share in accordance with ASC 260, Earnings Per Share. Basic earnings per common share were calculated by dividing net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations attributable to the Company by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period.

Basic and diluted earnings per common share were as follows:

 

     For the three month periods ended  
     March 31, 2016     March 31, 2015  

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

   $ (2,708   $ 9,788   

Weighted-average common shares outstanding

     31,945,959        19,577,942   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic and diluted earnings per common share

   $ (0.08   $ 0.50   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s dividends declared and payable since inception through the quarter ended March 31, 2016:

 

Date

Declared

   Record
Date
   Payment
Date
   Per Share
Amount
    Total
Amount
 

March 13, 2014

   March 31, 2014    April 14, 2014    $ 0.19      $ 2,449   

June 26, 2014

   June 30, 2014    July 14, 2014    $ 0.27      $ 3,481   

September 12, 2014

   September 18, 2014    October 9, 2014    $ 0.44      $ 5,956   

December 19, 2014

   December 29, 2014    January 26, 2015    $ 0.35      $ 6,276   

March 11, 2015

   March 13, 2015    April 17, 2015    $ 0.37      $ 7,833   

June 24, 2015

   June 30, 2015    July 22, 2015    $ 0.37      $ 9,902   

September 24, 2015

   September 24, 2015    October 22, 2015    $ 0.42      $ 11,670   

December 29, 2015

   December 29, 2015    January 22, 2016    $ 0.40      $ 12,610   

December 29, 2015

   December 29, 2015    January 22, 2016    $ 0.18  (1)    $ 5,674   

March 10, 2016

   March 14, 2016    April 22, 2016    $ 0.40      $ 13,337   

 

(1) Represents a special dividend.

 

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10. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS

The following is a schedule of consolidated financial highlights for the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015:

 

     For the three month periods ended  
         March 31, 2016             March 31, 2015      

Per Share Data:

    

Net asset value per share, beginning of period

   $ 18.14      $ 18.86   

Net investment income (loss) (1)

     0.37        0.33   

Net realized gain (loss) and net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments

     (0.46     0.13   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

     (0.09     0.46   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Dividends declared (2)

     (0.40     (0.37

Effect of subscription offering price (3)

     0.01        0.10   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net asset value per share, end of period

   $ 17.66      $ 19.05   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Number of shares outstanding, end of period

     33,343,149        21,171,384   

Total return (4)

     (0.44 )%      2.97

Net assets, end of period

   $ 588,755      $ 403,237   

Ratio to average net assets (5):

    

Expenses net of waiver, before incentive fees

     1.42     1.26

Expenses net of waiver, after incentive fees

     1.94     1.68

Expenses gross of waiver, after incentive fees

     2.18     1.91

Net investment income (loss) (6)

     2.08     1.67

Interest expense and credit facility fees

     0.73     0.57

Ratios/Supplemental Data:

    

Asset coverage, end of period

     206.60     211.04

Portfolio turnover

     2.57     2.39

Total committed capital, end of period

   $ 1,188,640      $ 1,140,630   

Ratio of total contributed capital to total committed capital, end of period

     54.53     36.46

Weighted-average shares outstanding

     31,945,959        19,577,942   

 

(1) Net investment income (loss) per share was calculated as net investment income (loss) for the period divided by the weighted average number of shares outstanding for the period.
(2) Dividends declared per share was calculated as the sum of dividends declared during the period divided by the number of shares outstanding at each respective quarter-end date (refer to Note 9).
(3) Increase is due to offering price of subscriptions during the period (refer to Note 9).
(4) Total return (not annualized) is based on the change in net asset value per share during the period plus the declared dividends, assuming reinvestment of dividends in accordance with the dividend reinvestment plan, divided by the beginning net asset value for the period. Total return for the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 is inclusive of $0.01 and $0.10, respectively, per share increase in net asset value for the periods related to the offering price of subscriptions. Excluding the effects of the higher offering price of subscriptions, total return (not annualized) would have been (0.50%) and 2.44%, respectively (refer to Note 9).
(5) These ratios to average net assets have not been annualized.
(6) The net investment income ratio is net of the waiver of base management fees.

 

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11. LITIGATION

The Company may become party to certain lawsuits in the ordinary course of business. The Company does not believe that the outcome of current matters, if any, will materially impact the Company or its consolidated financial statements. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company was not subject to any material legal proceedings, nor, to the Company’s knowledge, is any material legal proceeding threatened against the Company.

In addition, portfolio investments of the Company could be the subject of litigation or regulatory investigations in the ordinary course of business. The Company does not believe that the outcome of any current contingent liabilities of its portfolio investments, if any, will materially affect the Company or these consolidated financial statements.

12. TAX

The Company has not recorded a liability for any uncertain tax positions pursuant to the provisions of ASC 740, Income Taxes, as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.

In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to examination by federal and certain state, local and foreign tax regulators. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company had filed tax returns and therefore is subject to examination.

The Company’s taxable income for each period is an estimate and will not be finally determined until the Company files its tax return for each year. Therefore, the final taxable income, and the taxable income earned in each period and carried forward for distribution in the following period, may be different than this estimate. The estimated tax character of dividends declared for the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 was as follows:

 

     For the three month periods ended  
     March 31, 2016      March 31, 2015  

Ordinary income

   $ 13,337       $ 7,833   

Tax return of capital

   $ —         $ —     

13. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

Subsequent events have been evaluated through the date the consolidated financial statements were issued. There have been no subsequent events that require recognition or disclosure through the date the consolidated financial statements were issued, except as disclosed below.

On April 22, 2016, the Company issued a capital call and delivered capital drawdown notices totaling $27,000. Proceeds from the capital call were due and the related issuance of 1,510,859 shares occurred on May 6, 2016.

Subsequent to March 31, 2016, the Company borrowed $37,000 under the Facility to fund investment acquisitions. The Company also voluntarily repaid $46,000 under the Facility.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data, unless otherwise indicated)

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

We have included or incorporated by reference in this Form 10-Q, and from time to time our management may make, “forward-looking statements”. These forward-looking statements are not historical facts, but instead relate to future events or the future performance or financial condition of Carlyle GMS Finance, Inc. (“we,” “us,” “our,” “GMS Finance,” or the “Company”). These statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about us, our current or prospective portfolio investments, our industry, our beliefs, and our assumptions. The forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q and the documents incorporated by reference herein involve a number of risks and uncertainties, including statements concerning:

 

    our, or our portfolio companies’, future business, operations, operating results or prospects;

 

    the return or impact of current and future investments;

 

    the impact of a protracted decline in the liquidity of credit markets on our business;

 

    the impact of fluctuations in interest rates on our business;

 

    the impact of changes in laws or regulations (including the interpretation thereof) governing our operations or the operations of our portfolio companies;

 

    the valuation of our investments in portfolio companies, particularly those having no liquid trading market;

 

    our ability to recover unrealized losses;

 

    market conditions and our ability to access alternative debt markets and additional debt and equity capital;

 

    our contractual arrangements and relationships with third parties;

 

    the general economy and its impact on the industries in which we invest;

 

    the financial condition of and ability of our current and prospective portfolio companies to achieve their objectives;

 

    our expected financings and investments;

 

    the adequacy of our cash resources and working capital;

 

    the timing, form and amount of any dividend distributions;

 

    the timing of cash flows, if any, from the operations of our portfolio companies;

 

    the ability of our investment adviser to locate suitable investments for us and to monitor and administer our investments; and

 

    our intent to satisfy the requirements of a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

We use words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “expects,” “intends,” “will,” “should,” “may” and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements include these words. Our actual results and condition could differ materially from those implied or expressed in the forward-looking statements for any reason, including the factors set forth in “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 and Part II, Item 1A of and elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.

 

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We have based the forward-looking statements included in this Form 10-Q on information available to us on the date of this Form 10-Q, and we assume no obligation to update any such forward-looking statements. Although we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, you are advised to consult any additional disclosures that we may make directly to you or through reports that we have filed or in the future may file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), including our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K.

OVERVIEW

Management’s Discussion and Analysis should be read in conjunction with Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q “Financial Statements.” This discussion contains forward-looking statements and involves numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to those described in Part I, Item 1A of our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 and Part II, Item 1A of this Form 10-Q “Risk Factors.” Actual results may differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

Carlyle GMS Finance, Inc. (“we,” “us,” “our,” “GMS Finance,” or the “Company”) is a Maryland corporation formed on February 8, 2012, and structured as an externally managed, non-diversified closed-end investment company. GMS Finance has elected to be regulated as a business development company (“BDC”) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (together with the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, the “Investment Company Act”). GMS Finance has elected to be treated, and intends to continue to comply with the requirements to qualify annually, as a regulated investment company (“RIC”) under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, (the “Code”).

GMS Finance’s investment objective is to generate current income and capital appreciation primarily through debt investments in U.S. middle market companies, which we define as companies with approximately $10 million to $100 million of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”). GMS Finance seeks to achieve its investment objective by investing primarily in first lien senior secured loans (which may include stand-alone first lien loans; “last out” first lien loans, which are loans that have a secondary priority behind “first out” first lien loans; “unitranche” loans, which are loans that combine features of first lien, second lien or subordinated loans, generally in a first lien position; and secured corporate bonds with features similar to the features of these categories of first lien loans) and second lien senior secured loans (which may include senior secured loans, and, to a lesser extent, secured corporate bonds, with a secondary priority behind first lien loans) (collectively, “Middle Market Senior Loans”). The Middle Market Senior Loans are generally made to private U.S. middle market companies that are, in many cases, controlled by private equity firms. Depending on market conditions, GMS Finance expects that between 70% and 80% of the value of its assets will be invested in Middle Market Senior Loans, with the balance invested in higher-yielding investments, which may include middle market junior loans such as corporate mezzanine loans, equity co-investments, broadly syndicated first lien and second lien senior secured loans, high-yield bonds, structured finance obligations and/or other opportunistic investments. We expect that the composition of our portfolio will change over time given our Investment Adviser’s view on, among other things, the economic and credit environment (including with respect to interest rates) in which we are operating.

GMS Finance is externally managed by the Investment Adviser, an investment adviser registered under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended. The Administrator provides the administrative services necessary for GMS Finance to operate. Both the Investment Adviser and the Administrator are wholly-owned subsidiaries of Carlyle Investment Management L.L.C., a subsidiary of The Carlyle Group L.P. “Carlyle” refers to The Carlyle Group L.P., its affiliates and its consolidated subsidiaries, a global alternative asset manager publicly traded on NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “CG”. Refer to the sec.gov website for further information on Carlyle.

On February 29, 2016, the Company and Credit Partners USA LLC (“Credit Partners”) entered into an amended and restated limited liability company agreement to co-manage Middle Market Credit Fund, LLC

 

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(“Credit Fund”). Credit Fund will primarily invest in first lien loans of middle-market companies. Credit Fund is managed by a six-member board of managers, on which the Company and Credit Partners each have equal representation. The Company and Credit Partners each have 50% economic ownership of Credit Fund and have commitments to fund, from time to time, capital of up to $400,000 each.

Investments

Our level of investment activity can and does vary substantially from period to period depending on many factors, including the amount of debt available to middle market companies, the general economic environment and the competitive environment for the type of investments we make.

Revenue

We generate revenue primarily in the form of interest and fee income on debt investments we hold and capital gains, if any, on investments. Our debt investments generally have a stated term of five to eight years and generally bear interest at a floating rate usually determined on the basis of a benchmark such as LIBOR. Interest on these debt securities is generally paid quarterly. In some instances, we receive payments on our debt investments based on scheduled amortization of the outstanding balances. In addition, we receive repayments of some of our debt investments prior to their scheduled maturity date. The frequency or volume of these repayments fluctuates significantly from period to period. Our portfolio activity also reflects the proceeds of sales of securities. We may also generate revenue in the form of commitment, origination, amendment, structuring or due diligence fees, fees for providing managerial assistance and consulting fees.

Expenses

Our primary operating expenses include the payment of: (i) investment advisory fees, including base management fees and incentive fees, to our Investment Adviser pursuant to an investment advisory agreement (the “Investment Advisory Agreement”) between us and our Investment Adviser; (ii) costs and other expenses and our allocable portion of overhead incurred by the Administrator in performing its administrative obligations under an administration agreement (the “Administration Agreement”) between us and our Administrator; and (iii) other operating expenses as detailed below:

 

    our initial organization costs and offering costs incurred prior to the filing of our election to be regulated as a BDC (the amount in excess of $1,500 to be paid by our Investment Adviser);

 

    the costs associated with the Private Offering;

 

    the costs of any other offerings of our common stock and other securities, if any;

 

    calculating individual asset values and our net asset value (including the cost and expenses of any independent valuation firms);

 

    expenses, including travel expenses, incurred by the Investment Adviser, or members of the Investment Adviser team managing our investments, or payable to third parties, performing due diligence on prospective portfolio companies and, if necessary, expenses of enforcing our rights;

 

    the base management fee and any incentive fee payable under our Investment Advisory Agreement;

 

    certain costs and expenses relating to distributions paid on our shares;

 

    administration fees payable under our Administration Agreement and sub-administration agreements, including related expenses;

 

    debt service and other costs of borrowings or other financing arrangements;

 

    the allocated costs incurred by the Investment Adviser in providing managerial assistance to those portfolio companies that request it;

 

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    amounts payable to third parties relating to, or associated with, making or holding investments;

 

    the costs associated with subscriptions to data service, research-related subscriptions and expenses and quotation equipment and services used in making or holding investments;

 

    transfer agent and custodial fees;

 

    costs of hedging;

 

    commissions and other compensation payable to brokers or dealers;

 

    federal and state registration fees;

 

    any U.S. federal, state and local taxes, including any excise taxes;

 

    independent director fees and expenses;

 

    costs of preparing financial statements and maintaining books and records, costs of preparing tax returns, costs of Sarbanes-Oxley Act compliance and attestation and costs of filing reports or other documents with the SEC (or other regulatory bodies), and other reporting and compliance costs, including registration and listing fees, and the compensation of professionals responsible for the preparation or review of the foregoing;

 

    the costs of any reports, proxy statements or other notices to our stockholders (including printing and mailing costs), the costs of any stockholders’ meetings and the compensation of investor relations personnel responsible for the preparation of the foregoing and related matters;

 

    the costs of specialty and custom software for monitoring risk, compliance and overall portfolio, including any development costs incurred prior to the filing of our election to be regulated as a BDC;

 

    our fidelity bond;

 

    directors and officers/errors and omissions liability insurance, and any other insurance premiums;

 

    indemnification payments;

 

    direct fees and expenses associated with independent audits, agency, consulting and legal costs; and

 

    all other expenses incurred by us or the Administrator in connection with administering our business, including our allocable share of certain officers and their staff compensation.

We expect our general and administrative expenses to be relatively stable or to decline as a percentage of total assets during periods of asset growth and to increase during periods of asset declines.

PORTFOLIO AND INVESTMENT ACTIVITY

The fair value of our investments was approximately $1,144,741 comprised of 90 portfolio companies/structured finance obligations/investment funds as of March 31, 2016. The fair value of our investments was approximately $1,052,666 comprised of 85 portfolio companies/structured finance obligations as of December 31, 2015.

 

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The Company’s investment activity for the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 is presented below (information presented herein is at amortized cost unless otherwise indicated):

 

     For the three month periods ended  
     March 31, 2016     March 31, 2015  

Investments:

    

Total investments, beginning of period

   $ 1,079,720      $ 707,701   

New investments purchased

     132,291        103,969   

Net accretion of discount on securities

     611        329   

Net realized gain (loss) on investments

     (3,577     (264

Investments sold or repaid

     (26,159     (17,596
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Investments, end of period

   $ 1,182,886      $ 794,139   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Principal amount of investments funded:

    

First Lien Debt

   $ 100,556      $ 87,650   

Second Lien Debt

     34,000        10,000   

Structured Finance Obligations

     —          11,760   

Investment Funds

     1        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 134,557      $ 109,410   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Principal amount of investments sold or repaid:

    

First Lien Debt

   $ (5,629   $ (12,348

Second Lien Debt

     (11,000     —     

Structured Finance Obligations

     (14,200     (8,600
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ (30,829   $ (20,948
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Number of new funded investments

     11        8   

Average new funded investment amount

   $ 12,032      $ 12,996   

Percentage of new funded debt investments at floating rates

     100.00     100.00

Percentage of new funded debt investments at fixed rates

     0     0

As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, investments consisted of the following:

 

     March 31, 2016      December 31, 2015  
     Amortized
Cost
     Fair Value      Amortized
Cost
     Fair Value  

First Lien Debt

   $ 894,689       $ 883,700       $ 800,857       $ 795,034   

Second Lien Debt

     239,458         227,890         216,708         210,396   

Structured Finance Obligations

     46,523         30,355         59,940         44,812   

Equity Investments

     2,215         2,795         2,215         2,424   

Investment Funds

     1         1         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,182,886       $ 1,144,741       $ 1,079,720       $ 1,052,666   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The weighted average yields(1) for our first and second lien debt, based on the amortized cost and fair value as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were as follows:

 

     March 31, 2016     December 31, 2015  
     Amortized
Cost
    Fair Value     Amortized
Cost
    Fair Value  

First Lien Debt

     7.39     7.49     7.14     7.19

Second Lien Debt

     9.60     10.09     9.59     9.87

 

(1) Weighted average yields do not include the effect of accretion of discounts and amortization of premiums and are based on interest rates as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015. Actual yields earned over the life of each investment could differ materially from the yields presented above.

 

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See the Consolidated Schedules of Investments as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 in our consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q for more information on these investments, including a list of companies and type and amount of investments.

As part of the monitoring process, our Investment Adviser has developed risk policies pursuant to which it regularly assesses the risk profile of each of our debt investments and rates each of them based on the following categories, which we refer to as “Internal Risk Ratings”:

Internal Risk Ratings Definitions

 

Rating

  

Definition

1

   Performing—Low Risk: Borrower is operating more than 10% ahead of the Base Case.

2

   Performing—Stable Risk: Borrower is operating within 10% of the Base Case (above or below). This is the initial rating assigned to all new borrowers.

3

   Performing—Management Notice: Borrower is operating more than 10% below the Base Case. A financial covenant default may have occurred, but there is a low risk of payment default.

4

   Watch List: Borrower is operating more than 20% below the Base Case and there is a high risk of covenant default, or it may have already occurred. Payments are current although subject to greater uncertainty, and there is moderate to high risk of payment default.

5

   Watch List—Possible Loss: Borrower is operating more than 30% below the Base Case. At the current level of operations and financial condition, the borrower does not have the ability to service and ultimately repay or refinance all outstanding debt on current terms. Payment default is very likely or may have occurred. Loss of principal is possible.

6

   Watch List—Probable Loss: Borrower is operating more than 40% below the Base Case, and at the current level of operations and financial condition, the borrower does not have the ability to service and ultimately repay or refinance all outstanding debt on current terms. Payment default is very likely or may have already occurred. Additionally, the prospects for improvement in the borrower’s situation are sufficiently negative that impairment of some or all principal is probable.

Our Investment Adviser’s risk rating model is based on evaluating portfolio company performance in comparison to the Base Case when considering certain credit metrics including, but not limited to, adjusted EBITDA and net senior leverage as well as specific events including, but not limited to, default and impairment.

Our Investment Adviser monitors and, when appropriate, changes the investment ratings assigned to each debt investment in our portfolio. In connection with our quarterly valuation process, our Investment Adviser reviews our investment ratings on a regular basis. The following table summarizes the Internal Risk Ratings as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015:

 

     March 31, 2016     December 31, 2015  
     Fair Value      % of Fair Value     Fair Value      % of Fair Value  
(dollar amounts in millions)                           

Internal Risk Rating 1

   $ 71.6         6.44   $ 71.2         7.08

Internal Risk Rating 2

     912.9         82.12        809.7         80.54   

Internal Risk Rating 3

     90.1         8.11        112.3         11.17   

Internal Risk Rating 4

     37.0         3.33        12.2         1.21   

Internal Risk Rating 5

     —           —          —           —     

Internal Risk Rating 6

     —           —          —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,111.6         100.00   $ 1,005.4         100.00
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

As part of our monitoring process, our Investment Adviser has developed risk policies pursuant to which it regularly assesses the risk profile of each of the structured finance obligation investments.

 

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As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the weighted average Internal Risk Ra