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EX-10.1 - EXHIBIT 10.1 - NCR CORPa101exhibittofebruary22201.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - NCR CORPsection302cfocertification.htm
EX-10.5 - EXHIBIT 10.5 - NCR CORPa105exhibittofebruary22201.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - NCR CORPsection302ceocertification.htm
EX-10.6 - EXHIBIT 10.6 - NCR CORPa106exhibittofebruary22201.htm
EX-10.3 - EXHIBIT 10.3 - NCR CORPa103exhibittofebruary22201.htm
EX-10.2 - EXHIBIT 10.2 - NCR CORPa102exhibittofebruary22201.htm
EX-10.4 - EXHIBIT 10.4 - NCR CORPa104exhibittofebruary22201.htm
EX-32 - EXHIBIT 32 - NCR CORPsection906ceoandcfocertifi.htm


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
________________________
FORM 10-Q
________________________
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016
Commission File Number 001-00395
 ________________________
NCR CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

________________________
 
Maryland
 
31-0387920
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
3097 Satellite Boulevard
Duluth, GA 30096
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (937) 445-5000

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ   No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
þ
 
 
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company
o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  o    No  þ
As of April 15, 2016, there were approximately 123.9 million shares of common stock issued and outstanding.
 





TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
PART I. Financial Information
 
 
 
 
 
Description
Page
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
PART II. Other Information
 
 
 
 
 
Description
Page
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 



2


Part I. Financial Information
 
Item 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NCR Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
 
In millions, except per share amounts
 
Three months ended March 31
 
2016
 
2015
Product revenue
 
$
548

 
$
604

Service revenue
 
896

 
872

Total revenue
 
1,444

 
1,476

Cost of products
 
442

 
483

Cost of services
 
622

 
603

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
224

 
225

Research and development expenses
 
53

 
55

Restructuring-related charges
 
2

 
15

Total operating expenses
 
1,343

 
1,381

Income from operations
 
101

 
95

Interest expense
 
(46
)
 
(44
)
Other (expense), net
 
(10
)
 
(7
)
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
 
45

 
44

Income tax expense
 
13

 
2

Income from continuing operations
 
32

 
42

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
 

 

Net income
 
32

 
42

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
 

 
2

Net income attributable to NCR
 
$
32

 
$
40

Amounts attributable to NCR common stockholders:
 

 

Income from continuing operations
 
$
32

 
$
40

Series A convertible preferred stock dividends
 
(11
)
 

Income from continuing operations attributable to NCR common stockholders
 
21

 
40

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
 

 

Net income attributable to NCR common stockholders
 
$
21

 
$
40

Income per share attributable to NCR common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
Income per common share from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.16

 
$
0.24

Diluted
 
$
0.16

 
$
0.23

Net income per common share
 

 

Basic
 
$
0.16

 
$
0.24

Diluted
 
$
0.16

 
$
0.23

Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
130.4

 
169.0

Diluted
 
132.7

 
171.6

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

3


NCR Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
 

In millions
Three months ended March 31
2016
 
2015
Net income
$
32

 
$
42

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
Currency translation adjustments
 
 
 
Currency translation adjustments
(8
)
 
(28
)
Derivatives
 
 
 
Unrealized (loss) gain on derivatives
(2
)
 
9

   Losses (gains) on derivatives arising during the period
1

 
(1
)
        Less income tax benefit (expense)
1

 
(2
)
Employee benefit plans
 
 
 
   Amortization of prior service benefit
(5
)
 
(6
)
   Amortization of actuarial loss

 
1

        Less income tax benefit
1

 
2

Other comprehensive loss
(12
)
 
(25
)
Total comprehensive income
20

 
17

Less comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests:
 
 
 
   Net income

 
2

   Currency translation adjustments
(4
)
 
(3
)
Amounts attributable to noncontrolling interests
(4
)
 
(1
)
Comprehensive income attributable to NCR
$
24

 
$
18


See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

4



NCR Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
In millions, except per share amounts
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
333

 
$
328

Accounts receivable, net
1,306

 
1,251

Inventories
725

 
643

Other current assets
341

 
327

Total current assets
2,705

 
2,549

Property, plant and equipment, net
302

 
322

Goodwill
2,742

 
2,733

Intangibles, net
769

 
798

Prepaid pension cost
131

 
130

Deferred income taxes
577

 
582

Other assets
526

 
521

Total assets
$
7,752

 
$
7,635

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
Short-term borrowings
$
250

 
$
13

Accounts payable
649

 
657

Payroll and benefits liabilities
174

 
189

Deferred service revenue and customer deposits
509

 
476

Other current liabilities
402

 
446

Total current liabilities
1,984

 
1,781

Long-term debt
3,269

 
3,239

Pension and indemnity plan liabilities
702

 
696

Postretirement and postemployment benefits liabilities
132

 
133

Income tax accruals
169

 
167

Other liabilities
139

 
79

Total liabilities
6,395

 
6,095

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 8)

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interest
10

 
16

Series A convertible preferred stock: par value $0.01 per share, 3.0 shares authorized, 0.8 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively; redemption amount and liquidation preference of $835 and $824 as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively
809

 
798
Stockholders’ equity
 
 
 
NCR stockholders’ equity
 
 
 
Preferred stock: par value $0.01 per share, 100.0 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015

 

Common stock: par value $0.01 per share, 500.0 shares authorized, 124.9 and 133.0 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively
1

 
1

Paid-in capital

 

Retained earnings
687

 
869

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(158
)
 
(150)

Total NCR stockholders’ equity
530

 
720

Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries
8

 
6

Total stockholders’ equity
538

 
726

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
7,752

 
$
7,635

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5


NCR Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
 
In millions
Three months ended March 31
2016
 
2015
Operating activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
32

 
$
42

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
89

 
76

Stock-based compensation expense
13

 
9

Deferred income taxes
5

 
4

Gain on sale of property, plant and equipment and other assets

 
(1
)
Impairment of long-lived and other assets
1

 
14

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Receivables
(52
)
 
(46
)
Inventories
(83
)
 
(21
)
Current payables and accrued expenses
(31
)
 
(83
)
Deferred service revenue and customer deposits
97

 
110

Employee benefit plans
(14
)
 
(21
)
Other assets and liabilities
(34
)
 
(4
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
23

 
79

Investing activities
 
 
 
Expenditures for property, plant and equipment
(9
)
 
(13
)
Additions to capitalized software
(31
)
 
(38
)
Other investing activities, net
(8
)
 
(6
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(48
)
 
(57
)
Financing activities
 
 
 
Short term borrowings, net
(9
)
 
2

Payments on term credit facilities
(56
)
 
(19
)
Payments on revolving credit facilities
(180
)
 
(273
)
Borrowings on revolving credit facilities
511

 
248

Debt issuance costs
(8
)
 

Repurchases of Company common stock
(213
)
 

Proceeds from employee stock plans
3

 
6

Tax withholding payments on behalf of employees
(6
)
 
(9
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
42

 
(45
)
Cash flows from discontinued operations
 
 
 
Net cash used in operating activities
(12
)
 
(4
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 
(22
)
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
5

 
(49
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
328

 
511

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
333

 
$
462

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

6


NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared by NCR Corporation (NCR, the Company, we or us) without audit pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments (consisting of normal, recurring adjustments, unless otherwise disclosed) necessary for a fair statement of the consolidated results of operations, financial position, and cash flows for each period presented. The consolidated results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full year. The 2015 year-end Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP). These financial statements should be read in conjunction with NCR’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.

Effective January 1, 2016, NCR began management of its business on a solution basis, changing from the previous model of management on a line of business basis, which resulted in a corresponding change to NCR's reportable segments. We have reclassified prior period segment disclosures to conform to the current period presentation. See Note 13, “Segment Information and Concentrations” for additional information.

Use of Estimates The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and revenue and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Evaluation of Subsequent Events The Company evaluated subsequent events through the date that our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements were issued. No matters were identified that required adjustment of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements or additional disclosure.

Reclassifications Certain prior-period amounts have been reclassified in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto in order to conform to the current period presentation.

Pending Divestiture As of December 31, 2015, we determined that it was probable that we would dispose of our Interactive Printer Solutions (IPS) business, which triggered an impairment assessment of the related assets which include long-lived assets and goodwill. The assets related to the IPS business were valued using a market approach based on an independent third-party market price. The assessment resulted in charges to reduce the carrying values of goodwill and property, plant and equipment, net. The remaining assets and liabilities of $85 million and $35 million, respectively, remain classified as held for sale as of March 31, 2016 and are included in other current assets and other current liabilities, respectively, in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Related Party Transactions In 2011, concurrent with the sale of a noncontrolling interest in our subsidiary, NCR Brasil - Indústria de Equipamentos para Automação S.A., (NCR Manaus) to Scopus Tecnologia Ltda. (Scopus), we entered into a Master Purchase Agreement (MPA) with Banco Bradesco SA (Bradesco), the parent of Scopus. Through the MPA, Bradesco agreed to purchase up to 30,000 ATMs from us over the 5-year term of the agreement. Pricing of the ATMs will adjust over the term of the MPA using certain formulas which are based on prevailing market pricing. We recognized revenue related to Bradesco totaling $18 million during the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we had $13 million and $11 million, respectively, in receivables outstanding from Bradesco.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Issued

In May 2014, the FASB issued a new revenue recognition standard that will supersede current revenue recognition guidance. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Subsequently, the FASB issued clarification standards regarding principal versus agent and identifying performance obligations and licensing. The standards will be effective for the first interim period within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and can be adopted either

7

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented or as a cumulative effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. The Company is evaluating the impact that adopting this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued a new leasing standard that will supersede current guidance related to accounting for leases. The guidance is intended to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. The standard will be effective for the first interim period within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The standard is required to be adopted using the modified retrospective approach. The Company is evaluating the impact that adopting this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued a new employee share based payment standard that will supersede current guidance related to accounting for stock-based compensation. The guidance requires the recognition of the income tax effects of awards in the income statement when the awards vest or are settled, thus eliminating additional paid in capital pools. The guidance also allows for the employer to repurchase more of an employee’s shares for tax withholding purposes without triggering liability accounting. In addition, the guidance allows for a policy election to account for forfeitures as they occur rather than on an estimated basis. The standard will be effective for the first interim period within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. Adoption approach varies based on the amendment topic. The Company is evaluating the impact that adopting this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.

 
2. GOODWILL AND PURCHASED INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Goodwill

The carrying amounts of goodwill by segment as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 are included in the table below. Foreign currency fluctuations are included within other adjustments.

 
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2016
In millions
Goodwill
 
Accumulated Impairment Losses
 
Total
 
Additions
 
Impairment
 
Other
 
Goodwill
 
Accumulated Impairment Losses
 
Total
Software
$
1,936

 
$
(7
)
 
$
1,929

 
$
9

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,945

 
$
(7
)
 
$
1,938

Services
658

 

 
658

 

 

 

 
658

 

 
658

Hardware
162

 
(16
)
 
146

 

 

 

 
162

 
(16
)
 
146

Total goodwill
$
2,756

 
$
(23
)
 
$
2,733

 
$
9

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,765

 
$
(23
)
 
$
2,742


Purchased Intangible Assets

NCR’s purchased intangible assets, reported in intangibles, net in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, were specifically identified when acquired, and are deemed to have finite lives. The gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization for NCR’s identifiable intangible assets were as set forth in the table below.
 
Amortization
Period
(in Years)
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
In millions
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
Identifiable intangible assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reseller & customer relationships
1 - 20
 
$
659

 
$
(101
)
 
$
659

 
$
(92
)
Intellectual property
2 - 8
 
395

 
(260
)
 
392

 
(244
)
Customer contracts
8
 
89

 
(51
)
 
89

 
(46
)
Tradenames
2 - 10
 
73

 
(35
)
 
73

 
(33
)
Total identifiable intangible assets
 
 
$
1,216

 
$
(447
)
 
$
1,213

 
$
(415
)



8

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

The aggregate amortization expense (actual and estimated) for identifiable intangible assets for the following periods is:
In millions
Three months ended March 31, 2016
 
Remainder of 2016 (estimated)
Amortization expense
$
32

 
$
93


 
 
For the years ended December 31 (estimated)
In millions
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020
 
2021
Amortization expense
 
$
116

 
$
85

 
$
75

 
$
57

 
$
49


3. DEBT OBLIGATIONS

The following table summarizes the Company's short-term borrowings and long-term debt:
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
In millions, except percentages
Amount
 
Weighted-Average Interest Rate
 
Amount
 
Weighted-Average Interest Rate
Short-Term Borrowings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current portion of Senior Secured Credit Facility (1)
$
45

 
2.98%
 
$

 
 
Trade Receivables Securitization Facility (1)
200

 
1.11%
 

 
 
Other (1)
5

 
6.55%
 
13

 
6.34%
 
Total short-term borrowings
$
250

 
 
 
$
13

 
 
Long-Term Debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior Secured Credit Facility:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Term loan facility (1)
$
855

 
2.98%
 
$
956

 
2.95%
 
Revolving credit facility (1)
231

 
2.63%
 
100

 
2.61%
Senior notes:


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5.00% Senior Notes due 2022
600

 
 
 
600

 
 
 
4.625% Senior Notes due 2021
500

 
 
 
500

 
 
 
5.875% Senior Notes due 2021
400

 
 
 
400

 
 
 
6.375% Senior Notes due 2023
700

 
 
 
700

 
 
Other (1)
16

 
7.38%
 
17

 
7.16%
Deferred Financing Fees
(33
)
 
 
 
(34
)
 
 
 
Total long-term debt
$
3,269

 
 
 
$
3,239

 
 
(1) 
Interest rates are weighted average interest rates as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015. The Senior Secured Credit Facility incorporates the impact of the interest rate swap agreement described in Note 11, "Derivatives and Hedging Instruments."

Senior Secured Credit Facility On March 31, 2016, the Company amended and restated its senior secured credit facility with and among certain foreign subsidiaries of NCR (the Foreign Borrowers), the lenders party thereto and JPMorgan Chase Bank, NA (JPMCB) as the administrative agent, and refinanced its term loan facility and revolving credit facility thereunder (the Senior Secured Credit Facility). The Senior Secured Credit Facility now consists of a term loan facility in an aggregate principal amount of $900 million and a revolving credit facility in the amount of $1.1 billion. The revolving credit facility also allows a portion of the availability to be used for outstanding letters of credit, and as of March 31, 2016, there were $28 million in letters of credit outstanding.

Up to $400 million of the revolving credit facility is available to the Foreign Borrowers to provide the Company with greater flexibility to fund ongoing operations, including its foreign operations. Term loans were made to the Company in U.S. Dollars, and loans under the revolving credit facility will be available in U.S. Dollars, Euros and Pound Sterling.

The outstanding principal balance of the term loan facility is required to be repaid in equal quarterly installments in annual amounts. The repayment schedule requires quarterly installments of approximately $11 million beginning June 30, 2016, $17 million beginning June 30, 2018, and $23 million beginning June 30, 2019, with the balance being due at maturity on March 31, 2021.

9

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

Borrowings under the revolving portion of the credit facility are due March 31, 2021. Amounts outstanding under the Senior Secured Credit Facility bear interest at LIBOR (or, in the case of amounts denominated in Euros, EURIBOR), or, at NCR’s option, in the case of amounts denominated in U.S. Dollars, at a base rate equal to the highest of (a) the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, (b) JPMCB’s “prime rate” and (c) the one-month LIBOR rate plus 1.00% (the Base Rate), plus, in each case, a margin ranging from 1.25% to 2.25% for LIBOR-based loans that are either term loans or revolving loans and EURIBOR-based revolving loans and ranging from 0.25% to 1.25% for Base Rate-based loans that are either term loans or revolving loans, in each case, depending on the Company’s consolidated leverage ratio. The terms of the Senior Secured Credit Facility also require certain other fees and payments to be made by the Company, including a commitment fee on the undrawn portion of the revolving credit facility.

The obligations of the Company and Foreign Borrowers under the Senior Secured Credit Facility are guaranteed by certain of the Company's wholly-owned domestic subsidiaries. The Senior Secured Credit Facility and these guarantees are secured by a first priority lien and security interest in certain equity interests owned by the Company and the guarantor subsidiaries in certain of their respective domestic and foreign subsidiaries, and a perfected first priority lien and security interest in substantially all of the Company's U.S. assets and the assets of the guarantor subsidiaries, subject to certain exclusions. These security interests would be released if the Company achieves an “investment grade” rating, and will remain released so long as the Company maintains that rating.
The Senior Secured Credit Facility includes affirmative and negative covenants that restrict or limit the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries to, among other things, incur indebtedness; create liens on assets; engage in certain fundamental corporate changes or changes to the Company's business activities; make investments; sell or otherwise dispose of assets; engage in sale-leaseback or hedging transactions; repurchase stock, pay dividends or make similar distributions; repay other indebtedness; engage in certain affiliate transactions; or enter into agreements that restrict the Company's ability to create liens, pay dividends or make loan repayments. The Senior Secured Credit Facility also includes financial covenants that require the Company to maintain:
a consolidated leverage ratio on the last day of any fiscal quarter, not to exceed (i) in the case of any fiscal quarter ending on or prior to December 31, 2017, (a) the sum of 4.25 and an amount (not to exceed 0.50) to reflect debt used to reduce NCR’s unfunded pension liabilities to (b) 1.00, (ii) in the case of any fiscal quarter ending after December 31, 2017 and on or prior to December 31, 2019, (a) the sum of 4.00 and an amount (not to exceed 0.50) to reflect debt used to reduce NCR’s unfunded pension liabilities to (b) 1.00, and (iii) in the case of any fiscal quarter ending after December 31, 2019, the sum of (a) 3.75 and an amount (not to exceed 0.50) to reflect debt used to reduce NCR’s unfunded pension liabilities to (b) 1.00; and
an interest coverage ratio on the last day of any fiscal quarter greater than or equal to 3.50 to 1.00.

At March 31, 2016, the maximum consolidated leverage ratio under the Senior Secured Credit Facility was 4.35 to 1.00.

The Senior Secured Credit Facility also includes provisions for events of default, which are customary for similar financings. Upon the occurrence of an event of default, the lenders may, among other things, terminate the loan commitments, accelerate all loans and require cash collateral deposits in respect of outstanding letters of credit. If the Company is unable to pay or repay the amounts due, the lenders could, among other things, proceed against the collateral granted to them to secure such indebtedness.

The Company may request, at any time and from time to time, but the lenders are not obligated to fund, the establishment of one or more incremental term loans and/or revolving credit facilities (subject to the agreement of existing lenders or additional financial institutions to provide such term loans and/or revolving credit facilities) with commitments in an aggregate amount not to exceed the greater of (i) $150 million, and (ii) such amount as would not (a) prior to the date that the Company obtains an investment grade rating cause the leverage ratio under the Senior Secured Credit Facility, calculated on a pro forma basis including the incremental facility and assuming that it and the revolver are fully drawn, to exceed 2.50 to 1.00, and (b) on and after the date that the Company obtains an investment grade rating cause the leverage ratio under the Senior Secured Credit Facility, calculated on a pro forma basis including the incremental facility and assuming that it and the revolver are fully drawn, to exceed a ratio that is 0.50 less than the leverage ratio then applicable under the financial covenants of the Senior Secured Credit Facility, the proceeds of which can be used for working capital requirements and other general corporate purposes.

Senior Unsecured Notes On September 17, 2012, the Company issued $600 million aggregate principal amount of 5.00% senior unsecured notes due in 2022 (the 5.00% Notes). The 5.00% Notes were sold at 100% of the principal amount and will mature on July 15, 2022. On December 18, 2012, the Company issued $500 million aggregate principal amount of 4.625% senior unsecured notes due in 2021 (the 4.625% Notes). The 4.625% Notes were sold at 100% of the principal amount and will mature on February 15, 2021. On December 19, 2013, the Company issued $400 million aggregate principal amount of 5.875% senior unsecured notes due in 2021 (the 5.875% Notes) and $700 million aggregate principal amount of 6.375% senior unsecured notes due in 2023 (the

10

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

6.375% Notes). The 5.875% Notes were sold at 100% of the principal amount and will mature on December 15, 2021 and the 6.375% Notes were sold at 100% of the principal amount and will mature on December 15, 2023. The senior unsecured notes are guaranteed, fully and unconditionally, on an unsecured senior basis, by our subsidiary, NCR International, Inc.

The Company has the option to redeem the 5.00% Notes, in whole or in part, at any time on or after July 15, 2017, at a redemption price of 102.5%, 101.667%, 100.833% and 100% during the 12-month periods commencing on July 15, 2017, 2018, 2019 and 2020 and thereafter, respectively, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. Prior to July 15, 2017, the Company may redeem the 5.00% Notes, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus a make-whole premium and accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date.

The Company has the option to redeem the 4.625% Notes, in whole or in part, at any time on or after February 15, 2017, at a redemption price of 102.313%, 101.156% and 100% during the 12-month periods commencing on February 15, 2017, 2018 and 2019 and thereafter, respectively, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. Prior to February 15, 2017, the Company may redeem the 4.625% Notes, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus a make-whole premium and accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. Prior to February 15, 2016, the Company may redeem the 4.625% Notes in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the notes originally issued at a redemption price of 104.625% plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date, with the net cash proceeds from one or more qualified equity offerings under certain further requirements.

The Company has the option to redeem the 5.875% Notes, in whole or in part, at any time on or after December 15, 2017, at a redemption price of 102.938%101.469% and 100% during the 12-month periods commencing on December 15, 2017, 2018 and 2019 and thereafter, respectively, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. Prior to December 15, 2017, the Company may redeem the 5.875% Notes, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus a make-whole premium and accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. Prior to December 15, 2016, the Company may redeem the 5.875% Notes in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the notes originally issued at a redemption price of 105.875% plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date, with the net cash proceeds from one or more qualified equity offerings under certain further requirements.

The Company has the option to redeem the 6.375% Notes, in whole or in part, at any time on or after December 15, 2018, at a redemption price of 103.188%102.125%101.063% and 100% during the 12-month periods commencing on December 15, 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021 and thereafter, respectively, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. Prior to December 15, 2018, the Company may redeem the 6.375% Notes, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus a make-whole premium and accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. Prior to December 15, 2016, the Company may redeem the 6.375% Notes in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the notes originally issued at a redemption price of 106.375% plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date, with the net cash proceeds from one or more qualified equity offerings under certain further requirements.

The terms of the indentures for these notes limit the ability of the Company and certain of its subsidiaries to, among other things, incur additional debt or issue redeemable preferred stock; pay dividends or make certain other restricted payments or investments; incur liens; sell assets; incur restrictions on the ability of the Company's subsidiaries to pay dividends to the Company; enter into affiliate transactions; engage in sale and leaseback transactions; and consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of the Company's or such subsidiaries' assets. These covenants are subject to significant exceptions and qualifications. For example, if these notes are assigned an investment grade rating by Moody's or S&P and no default has occurred or is continuing, certain covenants will be terminated.

Trade Receivables Securitization Facility In November 2014, the Company established a two-year revolving trade receivables securitization facility (the A/R Facility) with PNC Bank, National Association (PNC) as the administrative agent, and various lenders.  The A/R Facility provides for up to $200 million in funding based on the availability of eligible receivables and other customary factors and conditions. 

Under the A/R Facility, NCR sells and/or contributes certain of its U.S. trade receivables to a wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary as they are originated, and advances by the lenders to that subsidiary are secured by those trade receivables.  The assets of this financing subsidiary are restricted as collateral for the payment of its obligations under the A/R Facility, and its assets and credit are not available to satisfy the debts and obligations owed to the creditors of the Company. The Company includes the assets, liabilities and results of operations of this financing subsidiary in its consolidated financial statements. The financing subsidiary owned $435 million and $368 million of outstanding accounts receivable as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, and these amounts are included in accounts receivable, net in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

11

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)


The financing subsidiary will pay annual commitment and other customary fees to the lenders, and advances by a lender under the A/R Facility will accrue interest (i) at a reserve-adjusted LIBOR rate or a base rate equal to the highest of (a) the applicable lender’s prime rate or (b) the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, if the lender is a committed lender, or (ii) based on commercial paper interest rates if the lender is a commercial paper conduit lender.  Advances may be prepaid at any time without premium or penalty.

The A/R Facility contains various customary affirmative and negative covenants and default and termination provisions which provide for the acceleration of the advances under the A/R Facility in circumstances including, but not limited to, failure to pay interest or principal when due, breach of representation, warranty or covenant, certain insolvency events or failure to maintain the security interest in the trade receivables, and defaults under other material indebtedness.

Debt Maturities Maturities of long-term debt outstanding, in principal amounts, at March 31, 2016 are summarized below:
 
 
 
 
For the years ended December 31
 
 
In millions
 
Total
 
April 1 2016 through December 31, 2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020
 
Thereafter
Debt maturities
 
$
3,552

 
$
238

 
$
50

 
$
67

 
$
85

 
$
95

 
$
3,017


Fair Value of Debt The Company utilized Level 2 inputs, as defined in the fair value hierarchy, to measure the fair value of the long-term debt, which, as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 was $3.56 billion and $3.21 billion, respectively. Management's fair value estimates were based on quoted prices for recent trades of NCR’s long-term debt, quoted prices for similar instruments, and inquiries with certain investment communities.

4. RESTRUCTURING PLAN

In July 2014, we announced a restructuring plan to strategically reallocate resources so that we can focus on our higher-growth, higher-margin opportunities in the software-driven consumer transaction technologies industry. The program is centered on ensuring that our people and processes are aligned with our continued transformation and includes: rationalizing our product portfolio to eliminate overlap and redundancy; taking steps to end-of-life older commodity product lines that are costly to maintain and provide low margins; moving lower productivity services positions to our new centers of excellence due to the positive impact of services innovation; and reducing layers of management and organizing around divisions to improve decision-making, accountability and strategic execution.

As a result of the restructuring plan, the Company recorded a total charge of $2 million and $16 million in the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Company expects to achieve annualized run-rate savings of approximately $105 million in 2016. Our estimate of restructuring-related opportunities in connection with this restructuring plan for 2016 is approximately $20 million to $25 million.


12

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

Charges related to the restructuring plan for the the three months ended March 31 were:

 
Three months ended March 31
In millions
2016
 
2015
Severance and other employee-related costs
 
 
 
     ASC 712 charges included in restructuring-related charges
$

 
$
(2
)
     ASC 420 charges included in restructuring-related charges

 
2

Inventory-related charges
 
 
 
     Charges included in cost of products

 
1

Asset-related charges
 
 
 
     External and internal use software impairment charges
     included in restructuring-related charges
1

 

     Impairment of long-lived assets included in restructuring-
     related charges

 
14

Other exit costs
 
 
 
     Other exit costs included in restructuring-related charges
1

 
1

Total restructuring charges
$
2

 
$
16


In the three months ended March 31, 2016, asset related charges included the write-off of internal use capitalized software for projects that have been abandoned. In the three months ended March 31, 2015, asset related charges included the impairment of long-lived assets that were no longer considered strategic and were held for sale. The Company utilized Level 3 inputs, as defined in the fair value hierarchy, to measure the fair value.

The results by segment, as disclosed in Note 13, "Segment Information and Concentrations," exclude the impact of these costs, which is consistent with the manner by which management assesses the performance and evaluates the results of each segment. The following table summarizes the total liabilities relating to the restructuring plan, which are included on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets in other current liabilities.
In millions
2016
 
2015
Employee Severance and Other Exit Costs
 
 
 
Beginning balance as of January 1
$20
 
$60
Cost recognized during the period
1
 
1
Utilization
(8)
 
(16)
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(2)
Ending balance as of March 31
$13
 
$43

5. INCOME TAXES

Income tax provisions for interim (quarterly) periods are based on an estimated annual effective income tax rate calculated separately from the effect of significant, infrequent or unusual items. Income tax expense was $13 million and $2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The increase in income tax expense was driven by a reduction in discrete benefits in the three months ended March 31, 2016 and by an unfavorable mix in earnings.

6. STOCK COMPENSATION PLANS

As of March 31, 2016, the Company’s primary type of stock-based compensation was restricted stock units. Stock-based compensation expense for the following periods were:

13

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

In millions
Three months ended March 31
2016
 
2015
Restricted stock units
$13
 
$9
Tax benefit
(4)
 
(3)
Total stock-based compensation (net of tax)
$9
 
$6

Stock-based compensation expense is recognized in the financial statements based upon fair value.

During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company issued price-contingent restricted stock units with a performance period of 60 months. Vesting of these units is dependent upon the attainment of target stock prices and service conditions. The Company estimated the fair value and derived service period using the Monte Carlo simulation option pricing model. The Company amortizes the fair value of these awards over the explicit service period of 36 to 48 months, which was longer than the derived service period, adjusted for estimated forfeitures. Provided that the explicit service period is rendered, the total fair value of the price-contingent restricted stock units at the date of grant is recognized as compensation expense even if the market condition is not achieved. However, the number of shares that ultimately vest can vary significantly with the performance of the specified market criteria. The weighted-average assumptions used and the resulting estimates of fair value were as follows:

 
Three months ended March 31, 2016
Expected volatility
33.9%
Expected dividend yield
Risk-free rate
1.21%
Weighted average fair value per share
$14.93

Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility derived from NCR stock price movements over the last 60 months. The risk-free interest rate was based upon the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant with a remaining term of 60 months.

As of March 31, 2016, the total unrecognized compensation cost of $155 million related to unvested restricted stock grants is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 1.4 years.

7. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

Components of net periodic benefit cost (income) of the pension plans for the three months ended March 31 were as follows:
In millions
U.S. Pension Benefits
 
International Pension Benefits
 
Total Pension Benefits
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net service cost
$—
 
$—
 
$2
 
$3
 
$2
 
$3
Interest cost
23
 
22
 
7
 
14
 
30
 
36
Expected return on plan assets
(18)
 
(18)
 
(9)
 
(21)
 
(27)
 
(39)
Net periodic benefit cost (income)
$5
 
$4
 
$—
 
$(4)
 
$5
 
$—

The benefit from the postretirement plan for the three months ended March 31 was:
 
Three months ended March 31
In millions
2016
 
2015
Interest cost
$—
 
$—
Amortization of:
 
 
 
   Prior service benefit
(4)
 
(5)
   Actuarial loss
1
 
1
Net postretirement benefit
$(3)
 
$(4)


14

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

The cost of the postemployment plan for the three months ended March 31 was:
 
Three months ended March 31
In millions
2016
 
2015
Net service cost
$4
 
$4
Interest cost
 
1
Amortization of:
 
 
 
   Prior service benefit
(1)
 
(1)
   Actuarial gain
(1)
 
Net benefit cost
$2
 
$4
Restructuring severance cost
 
(2)
Total postemployment cost
$2
 
$2

Employer Contributions

Pension For the three months ended March 31, 2016, NCR contributed approximately $7 million to its international pension plans. In 2016, NCR anticipates contributing an additional $28 million to its international pension plans for a total of $35 million.

Postretirement For the three months ended March 31, 2016, NCR contributed $1 million to its U.S. postretirement plan. NCR anticipates contributing an additional $2 million to its U.S. postretirement plan for a total of $3 million in 2016.

Postemployment For the three months ended March 31, 2016, NCR contributed approximately $10 million to its postemployment plans. NCR anticipates contributing an additional $23 million to its postemployment plans for a total of $33 million in 2016, which includes planned contributions associated with the previously announced restructuring plan. See Note 3, "Restructuring Plan," for additional information.




8. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

In the normal course of business, NCR is subject to various proceedings, lawsuits, claims and other matters, including, for example, those that relate to the environment and health and safety, labor and employment, employee benefits, import/export compliance, intellectual property, data privacy and security, product liability, commercial disputes and regulatory compliance, among others. Additionally, NCR is subject to diverse and complex laws and regulations, including those relating to corporate governance, public disclosure and reporting, environmental safety and the discharge of materials into the environment, product safety, import and export compliance, data privacy and security, antitrust and competition, government contracting, anti-corruption, and labor and human resources, which are rapidly changing and subject to many possible changes in the future. Compliance with these laws and regulations, including changes in accounting standards, taxation requirements, and federal securities laws among others, may create a substantial burden on, and substantially increase costs to NCR or could have an impact on NCR's future operating results. The Company has reflected all liabilities when a loss is considered probable and reasonably estimable in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. We do not believe there is a reasonable possibility that losses exceeding amounts already recognized have been incurred, but there can be no assurances that the amounts required to satisfy alleged liabilities from such matters will not impact future operating results. Other than as stated below, the Company does not currently expect to incur material capital expenditures related to such matters. However, there can be no assurances that the actual amounts required to satisfy alleged liabilities from various lawsuits, claims, legal proceedings and other matters, including, but not limited to the Fox River and Kalamazoo River environmental matters and other matters discussed below, and to comply with applicable laws and regulations, will not exceed the amounts reflected in NCR’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements or will not have a material adverse effect on its consolidated results of operations, capital expenditures, competitive position, financial condition or cash flows.

In 2012, NCR received anonymous allegations from a purported whistleblower regarding certain aspects of the Company's business practices in China, the Middle East and Africa. The principal allegations received in 2012 related to the Company's compliance with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and federal regulations that prohibit U.S. persons from engaging in certain activities in Syria. As previously reported, the Company and its Board of Directors completed investigations with the assistance of experienced outside counsel and resolved a related shareholder derivative action.


15

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

With respect to the FCPA, the Company made a presentation to the staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) providing the facts known to the Company related to the whistleblower's FCPA allegations, and advising the government that many of these allegations were unsubstantiated. With respect to the DOJ, the Company responded to its most recent requests for documents in 2014. On June 22, 2015, the SEC staff notified the Company that it did not intend to recommend an enforcement action against the Company with respect to these matters.

With respect to Syria, in 2012 NCR voluntarily notified the U.S. Treasury Department, Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of potential violations and ceased operations in Syria, which were commercially insignificant. The notification related to confusion stemming from the Company's failure to register in Syria the transfer of the Company's Syrian branch to a foreign subsidiary and to deregister the Company's legacy Syrian branch, which was a branch of NCR Corporation. The Company has applied for and received from OFAC various licenses that have permitted the Company to take measures required to wind down its past operations in Syria. The Company also submitted a detailed report to OFAC regarding this matter, including a description of the Company's comprehensive export control program and related remedial measures. The Company continues to cooperate with the authorities. There can be no assurance that the Company will not be subject to fines or other remedial measures as a result of OFAC's investigation.

In 2013 the Company, through its travel business, entered into a subcontract with a prime contractor with respect to certain information technology components of two airport construction projects in Oman. In 2015 the prime contractor’s contract with an Omani public agency was terminated for cause; the Company and the prime contractor (a joint venture) subsequently provided to each other notices of termination of the subcontract. The prime contractor subsequently filed liquidation proceedings in Oman. The Company had delivered and installed goods and services in the approximate amount of $40 million as of 2015 when the various contracts were terminated, which sum remains due and owing; under the terms of the subcontract, most of the payment obligations by the Omani public agency to the terminated prime contractor, and from the terminated prime contractor to the Company, had not at that time matured. The Company remains engaged in the construction projects, having been urged by the Omani public agency to enter into a new subcontract with a new prime contractor, which the Company did later in 2015. The Company has engaged in various means to obtain recoveries of the amounts owed to it, including work performed under a so-called “comfort letter” with the public agency for a portion of 2015, claims in the liquidation process and negotiations with the public agency; it has also identified various additional avenues to pursue against various parties, including without limitation the parent of one of the joint venture partners in the terminated prime contractor. Based on the status of negotiations and proceedings as of December 31, 2015, the Company created a reserve of $20 million with respect to those portions of the claim that it considered did not meet the Company’s standard for probable recovery.
In June 2014, one of the Company’s Brazilian subsidiaries, NCR Manaus, was notified of a Brazilian federal tax assessment of R168 million, or approximately $46 million as of March 31, 2016, including penalties and interest regarding certain federal indirect taxes for 2010 through 2012. The assessment alleges improper importation of certain components into Brazil's free trade zone that would nullify related indirect tax incentives. We have not recorded an accrual for the assessment, as the Company believes it has a valid position regarding indirect taxes in Brazil and, as such, has filed an appeal. However, it is possible that the Company could be required to pay taxes, penalties and interest related to this matter, which could be material to the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. As of March 31, 2016, the Company estimated the aggregate risk related to this matter to be zero to approximately $57 million.

Environmental Matters NCR's facilities and operations are subject to a wide range of environmental protection laws, and NCR has investigatory and remedial activities underway at a number of facilities that it currently owns or operates, or formerly owned or operated, to comply, or to determine compliance, with such laws. Also, NCR has been identified, either by a government agency or by a private party seeking contribution to site clean-up costs, as a potentially responsible party (PRP) at a number of sites pursuant to various state and federal laws, including the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) and comparable state statutes. Other than the Fox River matter and the Kalamazoo River matter detailed below, we currently do not anticipate material expenses and liabilities from these environmental matters.

Fox River NCR is one of eight entities that were formally notified by governmental and other entities, such as local Native American tribes, that they are PRPs for environmental claims (under CERCLA and other statutes) arising out of the presence of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in sediments in the lower Fox River and in the Bay of Green Bay in Wisconsin. The other Fox River PRPs that received notices are Appleton Papers Inc. (API; now known as Appvion, Inc.), P.H. Glatfelter Company (“Glatfelter”), Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP (GP, successor to Fort James Operating Company), WTM I Co. (formerly Wisconsin Tissue Mills, now owned by Canal Corporation, formerly known as Chesapeake Corporation), CBC Corporation (formerly Riverside Paper Corporation), U.S. Paper Mills Corp. (owned by Sonoco Products Company), and Menasha Corporation. NCR was identified as a PRP because of alleged PCB discharges from two carbonless copy paper manufacturing facilities it previously owned, which

16

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

were located along the Fox River. NCR sold its facilities in 1978 to API. Some parties contend that NCR is also responsible for PCB discharges from paper mills owned by other companies because NCR carbonless copy paper "broke" was allegedly purchased by those other mills as a raw material.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (together, the Governments) developed clean-up plans for the upper and lower parts of the Fox River and for portions of the Bay of Green Bay. On November 13, 2007, the Governments issued a unilateral administrative order (the 2007 Order) under CERCLA to the eight original PRPs, requiring them to perform remedial work under the Governments’ clean-up plan for the lower parts of the river (operable units 2 through 5). In April 2009, NCR and API formed a limited liability company (the LLC), which entered into an agreement with an environmental remediation contractor to perform the work at the Fox River site. In-water dredging and remediation under the clean-up plan commenced shortly thereafter.

NCR and API, along with B.A.T Industries p.l.c. (BAT), share among themselves a portion of the cost of the Fox River clean-up and natural resource damages (NRD) based upon a 1998 agreement (the Cost Sharing Agreement), a 2005 arbitration award (subsequently confirmed as a judgment), and a September 30, 2014 Funding Agreement (the Funding Agreement). The Cost Sharing Agreement and the arbitration resolved disputes that arose out of the Company's 1978 sale of its Fox River facilities to API. The Cost Sharing Agreement and arbitration award resulted in a 45% share for NCR of the first $75 million of such costs (a threshold that was reached in 2008), and a 40% share for amounts in excess of $75 million. The Funding Agreement, arose out of a 2012 to 2014 arbitration dispute between NCR and API, and provides for regular, ongoing funding of NCR incurred Fox River remediation costs via contributions, made to a new limited liability corporation created by the Funding Agreement, by BAT, API and, for 2014, API's indemnitor Windward Prospects. The Funding Agreement creates an obligation on BAT and API to fund 50% of NCR’s Fox River remediation costs from October 1, 2014 forward; the Funding Agreement also provides NCR opportunities to recoup, both indirectly from third parties and directly, the difference between BAT’s and API’s 60% obligation under the Cost Sharing Agreement and arbitration award on the one hand and their 50% payments under the Funding Agreement on the other, as well as the difference between the amount NCR received under the Funding Agreement and the amount owed to it under the Cost Sharing Agreement and arbitration award for the period from April 2012 through the end of September 2014.

Various litigation proceedings concerning the Fox River are pending, and, as the result of appellate decisions in September 2014, NCR’s potential liability for the Fox River matter, for purposes of calculating the Company’s Fox River reserve, is no longer considered to be 100% of the remediation costs in the lower parts of the river. In a contribution action filed in 2008 seeking to determine allocable responsibility of several companies and governmental entities, a federal court in Wisconsin had issued rulings in 2009 and 2011 that effectively placed all remediation liability on NCR for four of the five “operable units” of the site. In another part of the same lawsuit, the Company prevailed in a 2012 trial on claims seeking to hold it liable under an “arranger” theory for the most upriver portion of the site, operable unit 1.

On September 25, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit issued its ruling on appeal. That ruling vacated the lower court’s contribution decisions that were adverse to NCR (i.e., it vacated “the decision to hold NCR responsible for all of the response costs at operable units 2 through 5 in contribution”), set aside an adverse judgment against the Company in the amount of $76 million, and affirmed the Company’s favorable verdict in the “arranger” liability trial with respect to operable unit 1. The case was remanded to the federal district court in Wisconsin for further proceedings, for potential consideration of additional factors noted by the appellate court, in which proceedings NCR will vigorously contest the amount of remediation costs allocable to it, and seek to recover from other parties portions of the costs it has previously paid. The case is scheduled for trial in March 2017.

In the quarter ended March 31, 2015, under a case management order applicable to the remanded case the federal district court allowed the filing of certain additional contractual and other claims, including claims against the Company, as well as certain claims by API against other parties (in light of the September 2014 appellate ruling that had restored those claims), which resulted in claims for potential indemnity by those other parties against the Company (under the Funding Agreement, to the extent the Company is liable for such claims, API must pay its recoveries into the limited liability corporation created by the Funding Agreement, and the Company may then seek to obtain reimbursement under its terms). The Company also updated the amounts it is seeking in its affirmative claims against other parties. Additionally, in March 2015, notwithstanding the prior trial and appellate results that had been favorable to the Company, the court entered a ruling holding NCR liable for contamination in operable unit 1, an area upriver from the Company’s former facilities, on what the court considered to be new guidance created by the appellate court in its September 2014 decision. The Company believes the March 2015 decision incorrectly applied the appellate court ruling. While the Company's effort to obtain special appellate review in the form of a petition for mandamus was denied on May 1, 2015 by the appellate court, in a subsequent decision dated May 15, 2015 the district court indicated, in a ruling that addressed several issues, that NCR had no liability for operable unit 1, noting “NCR discharged no PCBs in OU1, and therefore has no divisible share of the clean-up costs for that area."

17

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)


In 2010 the Governments filed a lawsuit (the Government enforcement action) in Wisconsin federal court against the companies named in the 2007 Order. After a 2012 trial, in May 2013 that court held, among other things, that harm at the site is not divisible, and it entered a declaratory judgment against seven defendants (including NCR) finding them jointly and severally liable to comply with the applicable provisions of the 2007 Order. The court also issued an injunction against four companies (including NCR), ordering them to comply with the applicable provisions of the 2007 Order; only NCR complied with the injunction. Several parties, including NCR, appealed from the judgment. In a companion opinion to the ruling described in the preceding paragraph, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, also on September 25, 2014, vacated the injunction, and also vacated the declaratory judgment that had been entered against the Company. The appellate court also ruled that NCR’s defense based on divisibility of harm at the site, which the district court had rejected, must be reconsidered by the district court. The declaratory judgment in the Government enforcement action with respect to liability under the 2007 Order against another defendant, Glatfelter, which pursued its appeal on grounds different from those pursued by NCR, was affirmed.

The case was remanded to the federal district court in Wisconsin for further proceedings. In a ruling on May 15, 2015, the district court ruled in NCR’s favor and rejected the Governments’ efforts to reinstate the declaratory judgment against NCR. The court issued findings in favor of the Company’s divisibility defense, and held that NCR’s share of liability for operable unit 4 was 28% (the Company had then already paid more than 28% of the remediation costs for that part of the river). Various parties asked the court to reconsider its ruling, and in October 2015 the court granted those motions, with the prospect that the Company could continue to face joint and several liability for remediation of the river, in conjunction with other PRPs, although the Company’s position remains that it has performed more than its fair share of remediation costs at the site; a judgment on that matter had not been entered as of March 31, 2016. The remaining claims in the Government enforcement action are expected to be litigated in 2016 and 2017; trial of the matter is scheduled for the spring of 2017, three days following conclusion of the trial in the contribution case referenced above. With respect to remaining remediation work, one other PRP, GP, had agreed by virtue of an earlier settlement with the Governments that it is “liable to the United States . . . for performance of all response actions that the [2007 Order] requires for” the lower portion of operable unit 4 and operable unit 5.

With respect to 2015 remediation, following negotiations with the Governments and GP the Company agreed in April 2015 to perform a portion of the work planned for 2015, and to fund approximately one-third of the cost of that work, with GP funding an equal amount. This agreement was formalized in a stipulation and proposed consent decree filed with the federal court; each party preserved its rights to recover its 2015 costs from the other in the contribution litigation. The Governments demanded that Glatfelter agree to perform or fund the remaining approximate one-third of the work. NCR and GP undertook the remediation efforts they agreed to perform in 2015. Glatfelter performed portions but not all of the work the Governments sought to require of it.

As of March 31, 2016, no final arrangement for the conduct of 2016 remediation work had been reached. NCR and GP have offered to repeat the arrangement they performed in 2015, in which NCR would conduct approximately two-thirds of the work and GP would reimburse NCR for one-third of the work, and NCR and GP have commenced remediation work for the 2016 season. Glatfelter has indicated it would fund a portion of 2016 work, but the parties remain in dispute as to the work Glatfelter will perform.

With respect to the Company’s prior dispute with API, which was generally superseded by the Funding Agreement, the Company has continued to receive timely payments under the Funding Agreement. 

NCR's eventual remediation liability, followed by long-term monitoring, will depend on a number of factors. In establishing the reserve, NCR attempts to estimate a range of reasonably possible outcomes for each of these factors, although each range is itself uncertain. NCR uses its best estimate within the range, if that is possible. Where there is a range of equally possible outcomes, and there is no amount within that range that is considered to be a better estimate than any other amount, NCR uses the low end of the range. In general, the most significant factors include: (1) the total remaining clean-up costs, including long-term monitoring following completion of the clean-up; (2) total NRD for the site; (3) the share of clean-up costs and NRD that NCR will bear; (4) NCR's transaction and litigation costs to defend itself in this matter; and (5) the share of NCR's payments that API and/or BAT will bear, as discussed above. With respect to NRD, in connection with a certain settlement entered into by other PRPs, in the year ended December 31, 2015 the Government asked the court to allow it to withdraw the NRD claims it had prosecuted on behalf of NRD trustees, including those NRD claims asserted against the Company (the Government had represented it would do so in the course of presenting the settlement to the court for approval).

Calculation of the Company's Fox River reserve is subject to several complexities, and it is possible there could be additional changes to some elements of the reserve over upcoming periods, although the Company is unable to predict or estimate such changes at this time. There can be no assurance that the clean-up and related expenditures and liabilities will not have a material effect on NCR's capital expenditures, earnings, financial condition, cash flows, or competitive position. As of March 31, 2016,

18

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

the net reserve for the Fox River matter was approximately $23 million, compared to $26 million as of December 31, 2015. The change in the net reserve is due to payments for clean-up activities and litigation costs. NCR contributes to the LLC in order to fund remediation activities and generally, by contract, has funded certain amounts of remediation expenses in advance. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, approximately zero remained from this funding. NCR's reserve for the Fox River matter is reduced as the LLC makes payments to the remediation contractor and other vendors with respect to remediation activities.

Under a 1996 agreement, AT&T Corp. (AT&T) and Alcatel-Lucent (now part of Nokia) are responsible severally (not jointly) for indemnifying NCR for certain portions of the amounts paid by NCR for the Fox River matter over a defined threshold and subject to certain offsets. (The agreement governs certain aspects of AT&T's divestiture of NCR and of what was then known as Lucent Technologies.) NCR's estimate of what AT&T and Alcatel-Lucent remain obligated to pay under the indemnity totaled approximately $11 million and $15 million as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, and is deducted in determining the net reserve discussed above.

In connection with the Fox River and other matters, through March 31, 2016, NCR has received a combined total of approximately $173 million in settlements reached with its principal insurance carriers. Portions of most of these settlements are payable to a law firm that litigated the claims on the Company's behalf. Some of the settlements cover not only the Fox River but also other environmental sites. Of the total amount collected to date, $9 million is subject to competing claims by API.

Kalamazoo River In November 2010, USEPA issued a "general notice letter" to NCR with respect to the Allied Paper, Inc./Portage Creek/Kalamazoo River Superfund Site (Kalamazoo River site) in Michigan. Three other companies - International Paper, Mead Corporation, and Consumers Energy - also received general notice letters at or about the same time. USEPA asserts that the site is contaminated by various substances, primarily PCBs, as a result of discharges by various paper mills located along the river. USEPA does not claim that the Company made direct discharges into the Kalamazoo River, and NCR never had facilities at or near the Kalamazoo River site, but indicated that "NCR may be liable under Section 107 of CERCLA ... as an arranger, who by contract or agreement, arranged for the disposal, treatment and/or transportation of hazardous substances at the Site." USEPA stated that it "may issue special notice letters to [NCR] and other PRPs for future RI/FS [remedial investigation / feasibility studies] and RD/RA [remedial design / remedial action] negotiations."

In connection with the Kalamazoo River site, in December 2010 the Company, along with two other defendants, was sued in federal court by three GP affiliate corporations in a contribution and cost recovery action for alleged pollution. The suit, pending in Michigan, asks that the Company pay a "fair portion" of these companies’ costs. Various removal and remedial actions remain to be performed at the Kalamazoo River site, the costs for which have not been determined. The suit alleges that the Company is liable as an "arranger" under CERCLA. The initial phase of the case was tried in a Michigan federal court in February 2013; on September 26, 2013 the court issued a decision that held NCR was liable as an “arranger,” as of at least March 1969. (PCB-containing carbonless copy paper was produced from approximately 1954 to April 1971, and the majority of contamination had occurred prior to 1969). NCR has preserved its right to appeal the September 2013 decision.

The Court did not determine NCR’s share of the overall liability or how NCR’s liability relates to the liability of other liable or potentially liable parties at the site. Relative shares of liability were tried to the court in a subsequent phase of the case; the trial concluded in December 2015, and posttrial briefing concluded in March 2016. The parties are awaiting the court's judgment. Prior to trial, in response to a motion filed by the Company, the court dismissed several portions of GP’s claims as time-barred, with the result that the past costs that were tried amounted to approximately $50 million. The court may or may not also rule on the allocation of future costs. If the Company is found liable for money damages or otherwise with respect to the Kalamazoo River site, it would have claims against BAT and API under the Cost Sharing Agreement, the arbitration award, the judgment and the Funding Agreement discussed above in connection with the Fox River matter (the Funding Agreement may provide partial reimbursement of such damages depending on the extent of certain recoveries, if any, against third parties under its terms). The Company would also have claims against AT&T and Alcatel-Lucent (Nokia) under the arrangement discussed above in connection with the Fox River matter. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the reserve for litigation expenses associated with the Kalamazoo matter was approximately $13 million and $18 million, respectively.

Environmental Remediation Estimates It is difficult to estimate the future financial impact of environmental laws, including potential liabilities. NCR records environmental provisions when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount or range of the liability is reasonably estimable. Provisions for estimated losses from environmental restoration and remediation are, depending on the site, based generally on internal and third-party environmental studies, estimates as to the number and participation level of other PRPs, the extent of contamination, estimated amounts for attorney and other fees, and the nature of required clean-up and restoration actions. Reserves are adjusted as further information develops or circumstances change. Management expects that the amounts reserved from time to time will be paid out over the period of investigation, negotiation, remediation and restoration for the applicable sites. The amounts provided for environmental matters in NCR's Condensed

19

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

Consolidated Financial Statements are the estimated gross undiscounted amounts of such liabilities, without deductions for indemnity insurance, third-party indemnity claims or recoveries from other PRPs, except as qualified in the following sentences. Except for the sharing agreement with API described above with respect to a particular insurance settlement, in those cases where insurance carriers or third-party indemnitors have agreed to pay any amounts and management believes that collectibility of such amounts is probable, the amounts are recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. For the Fox River site, as described above, assets relating to the AT&T and Alcatel-Lucent indemnity and to the API/BAT obligations are recorded as payment is supported by contractual agreements, public filings and/or payment history.

Guarantees and Product Warranties Guarantees associated with NCR’s business activities are reviewed for appropriateness and impact to the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, NCR had no material obligations related to such guarantees, and therefore its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements do not have any associated liability balance.

NCR provides its customers a standard manufacturer’s warranty and records, at the time of the sale, a corresponding estimated liability for potential warranty costs. Estimated future obligations due to warranty claims are based upon historical factors, such as labor rates, average repair time, travel time, number of service calls per machine and cost of replacement parts. When a sale is consummated, the total customer revenue is recognized, provided that all revenue recognition criteria are otherwise satisfied, and the associated warranty liability is recorded using pre-established warranty percentages for the respective product classes.

From time to time, product design or quality corrections are accomplished through modification programs. When identified, associated costs of labor and parts for such programs are estimated and accrued as part of the warranty reserve.

The Company recorded the activity related to the warranty reserve for the three months ended March 31 as follows:
In millions
2016
 
2015
Warranty reserve liability
 
 
 
Beginning balance as of January 1
$
24

 
$
22

Accruals for warranties issued
7

 
9

Settlements (in cash or in kind)
(10)

 
(9)

Ending balance as of March 31
$
21

 
$
22

 
In addition, NCR provides its customers with certain indemnification rights. In general, NCR agrees to indemnify the customer if a third party asserts patent or other infringement on the part of its customers for its use of the Company’s products subject to certain conditions that are generally standard within the Company’s industries. On limited occasions the Company will undertake additional indemnification obligations for business reasons. From time to time, NCR also enters into agreements in connection with its acquisition and divestiture activities that include indemnification obligations by the Company. The fair value of these indemnification obligations is not readily determinable due to the conditional nature of the Company’s potential obligations and the specific facts and circumstances involved with each particular agreement. The Company has not recorded a liability in connection with these indemnifications, and no current indemnification instance is material to the Company’s financial position. Historically, any payments made by the Company under these types of agreements have not had a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

9. SERIES A PREFERRED STOCK

On December 4, 2015, NCR issued 820,000 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock to certain entities affiliated with Blackstone Capital Partners VI L.P. and Blackstone Tactical Opportunities L.L.C. (collectively, Blackstone) for an aggregate purchase price of $820 million, or $1,000 per share, pursuant to an Investment Agreement between the Company and Blackstone, dated November 11, 2015. In connection with the issuance of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, the Company incurred direct and incremental expenses of $26 million, including financial advisory fees, closing costs, legal expenses and other offering-related expenses. These direct and incremental expenses originally reduced the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, and will be accreted through retained earnings as a deemed dividend from the date of issuance through the first possible known redemption date, March 16, 2024. Holders of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock are entitled to a cumulative dividend at the rate of 5.5% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears. During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company paid dividends-in-kind of $12 million, or 12,133 preferred shares, associated with the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company had accrued dividends of $4 million, respectively, associated with the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. There were no cash dividends declared during the three months ended March 31, 2016 or 2015, respectively.


20

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

The Series A Convertible Preferred Stock is convertible at the option of the holders at any time into shares of common stock at a conversion price of $30.00 per share or a conversion rate of 33.333 shares of common stock per share of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the maximum number of common shares that could be required to be issued if converted was 27.8 million and 27.4 million shares, respectively.

10. EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share (EPS) is calculated by dividing net income or loss attributable to NCR less any dividends, accretion or decretion, redemption or induced conversion on our Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the reported period.

In computing diluted EPS, we adjust the numerator used in the basic EPS computation, subject to anti-dilution requirements, to add back the dividends (declared or cumulative undeclared) applicable to the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. Such add-back would also include any adjustments to equity in the period to accrete the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock to its redemption price, or recorded upon a redemption or induced conversion. We adjust the denominator used in the basic EPS computation, subject to anti-dilution requirements, to include the dilution from potential shares resulting from the issuance of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, restricted stock units, and stock options. The Company includes the potential windfall or shortfall tax benefits as well as average unrecognized compensation expense as part of the assumed proceeds from exercises of stock options. The Company uses the tax law ordering approach to determine the potential utilization of windfall benefits.

The holders of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and unvested restricted stock units do not have nonforfeitable rights to common stock dividends or common stock dividend equivalents and therefore do not qualify as participating securities. See Note 6, "Stock Compensation Plans," for share information on NCR’s stock compensation plans.

During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company repurchased 8.6 million shares of its common stock for $209 million, and paid $4 million for 0.1 million shares of its common stock that were retired on April 1, 2016. During the three months ended March 31, 2015, the Company repurchased zero shares of its common stock. Upon repurchase, shares are retired.

The components of basic and diluted earnings per share are as follows:
In millions, except per share amounts
Three months ended March 31
2016
 
2015
Amounts attributable to NCR common stockholders:
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
$
32

 
$
40

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

Net income attributable to NCR
$
32

 
$
40

Dividends on convertible preferred stock
(11
)
 

Net income attributable to NCR common stockholders
21

 
40

Weighted average outstanding shares of common stock:
 
 
 
Basic weighted average number of shares outstanding
130.4

 
169.0

Dilutive effect of employee stock options and restricted stock units
2.3

 
2.6

Diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding
132.7

 
171.6

Basic earnings per share:
 
 
 
From continuing operations
$
0.16

 
$
0.24

From discontinued operations

 

Total basic earnings per share
$
0.16

 
$
0.24

Diluted earnings per share:
 
 
 
From continuing operations
$
0.16

 
$
0.23

From discontinued operations

 

Total diluted earnings per share
$
0.16

 
$
0.23



21

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

For the three months ended March 31, 2016, it was more dilutive to assume the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock was not converted to common stock and therefore weighted average outstanding shares of common stock were not adjusted by the as-if converted Series A Convertible Preferred Stock because the effect would have been anti-dilutive. If the as-if converted Series A Convertible Preferred Stock had been dilutive, approximately 27.7 million additional shares would have been included in the diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding for the quarter ended March 31, 2016.

Additionally, during the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, there were 0.8 million and 0.5 million weighted anti-dilutive restricted stock units outstanding, respectively.

11. DERIVATIVES AND HEDGING INSTRUMENTS

NCR is exposed to risks associated with changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates. NCR utilizes a variety of measures to monitor and manage these risks, including the use of derivative financial instruments. NCR has exposure to approximately 50 functional currencies. Since a substantial portion of our operations and revenue occur outside the U.S., and in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar, our results can be significantly impacted, both positively and negatively, by changes in foreign currency exchange rates.

Foreign Currency Exchange Risk

The accounting guidance for derivatives and hedging requires companies to recognize all derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities at fair value in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company designates foreign exchange contracts as cash flow hedges of forecasted transactions when they are determined to be highly effective at inception.

Our risk management strategy includes hedging, on behalf of certain subsidiaries, a portion of our forecasted, non-functional currency denominated cash flows for a period of up to 15 months. As a result, some of the impact of currency fluctuations on non-functional currency denominated transactions (and hence on subsidiary operating income, as stated in the functional currency), is mitigated in the near term. The amount we hedge and the duration of hedge contracts may vary significantly. In the longer term (greater than 15 months), the subsidiaries are still subject to the effect of translating the functional currency results to U.S. Dollars. To manage our exposures and mitigate the impact of currency fluctuations on the operations of our foreign subsidiaries, we hedge our main transactional exposures through the use of foreign exchange forward and option contracts. This is primarily done through the hedging of foreign currency denominated inter-company inventory purchases by NCR’s marketing units and the foreign currency denominated inputs to our manufacturing units. The related foreign exchange contracts are designated as highly effective cash flow hedges. The gains or losses on these hedges are deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) and reclassified to income when the underlying hedged transaction is recorded in earnings. As of March 31, 2016, the balance in AOCI related to foreign exchange derivative transactions was $1 million, net of tax. The gains or losses from derivative contracts related to inventory purchases are recorded in cost of products when the inventory is sold to an unrelated third party.

We also utilize foreign exchange contracts to hedge our exposure of assets and liabilities denominated in non-functional currencies. We recognize the gains and losses on these types of hedges in earnings as exchange rates change. We do not enter into hedges for speculative purposes.

Interest Rate Risk

The Company is party to an interest rate swap agreement that fixes the interest rate on a portion of the Company's LIBOR indexed floating rate borrowings under its Senior Secured Credit Facility through August 22, 2016. The notional amount of the interest rate swap as of March 31, 2016 was $368 million and amortizes to $341 million over the term. The Company designates the interest rate swap as a cash flow hedge of forecasted quarterly interest payments made on three-month LIBOR indexed borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Facility. The interest rate swap was determined to be highly effective at inception.

Our risk management strategy includes hedging a portion of our forecasted interest payments. These transactions are forecasted and the related interest rate swap agreement is designated as a highly effective cash flow hedge. The gains or losses on this hedge are deferred in AOCI and reclassified to income when the underlying hedged transaction is recorded in earnings. As of March 31, 2016, the balance in AOCI related to the interest rate swap agreement was zero, net of tax.

22

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

The following tables provide information on the location and amounts of derivative fair values in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
 
Fair Values of Derivative Instruments
 
March 31, 2016
In millions
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Notional
Amount
 
Fair
Value
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Notional
Amount
 
Fair
Value
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap
Other current assets
 
$—
 
$—
 
Other current liabilities
 
$368
 
$2
Foreign exchange contracts
Other current assets
 
60
 
2
 
Other current liabilities
 
94
 
3
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
$2
 
 
 
 
 
$5
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
Other current assets
 
$72
 
$—
 
Other current liabilities
 
$269
 
$2
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
Total derivatives
 
 
 
 
$2
 
 
 
 
 
$7
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fair Values of Derivative Instruments
 
December 31, 2015
In millions
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Notional
Amount
 
Fair
Value
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Notional
Amount
 
Fair
Value
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap
Other current assets
 
$—
 
$—
 
Other current liabilities
 
$380
 
$3
Foreign exchange contracts
Other current assets
 
53
 
2
 
Other current liabilities
 
105
 
1
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
$2
 
 
 
 
 
$4
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
Other current assets
 
$191
 
$1
 
Other current liabilities
 
$204
 
$1
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
1
Total derivatives
 
 
 
 
$3
 
 
 
 
 
$5


23

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

The effects of derivative instruments on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 were as follows:
In millions
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Other Comprehensive Income (OCI) on Derivative
(Effective Portion)
 
 
 
Amount of (Gain) Loss Reclassified from AOCI into the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations
(Effective Portion)
 
 
 
Amount of (Gain) Loss Recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations (Ineffective Portion and Amount Excluded from Effectiveness Testing)
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships
For the three months ended March 31, 2016
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2015
 
Location of (Gain) Loss Reclassified from AOCI into the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations (Effective Portion)
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2016
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2015
 
Location of (Gain) Loss Recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations (Ineffective Portion and Amount Excluded from Effectiveness Testing)
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2016
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2015
Interest rate swap
$—
 
$(1)
 
Interest expense
 
$1
 
$1
 
Interest expense
 
$—
 
$—
Foreign exchange contracts
$(2)
 
$10
 
Cost of products
 
$—
 
$(2)
 
Other (expense) income, net
 
$—
 
$—

In millions
 
 
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in the
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations
 
 
 
Three months ended March 31
Derivatives not Designated as Hedging Instruments
Location of Gain (Loss) Recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations
 
2016
 
2015
Foreign exchange contracts
Other (expense) income, net
 
$2
 
$(1)
Concentration of Credit Risk
NCR is potentially subject to concentrations of credit risk on accounts receivable and financial instruments such as hedging instruments and cash and cash equivalents. Credit risk includes the risk of nonperformance by counterparties. The maximum potential loss may exceed the amount recognized on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Exposure to credit risk is managed through credit approvals, credit limits, selecting major international financial institutions (as counterparties to hedging transactions) and monitoring procedures. NCR’s business often involves large transactions with customers, and if one or more of those customers were to default on its obligations under applicable contractual arrangements, the Company could be exposed to potentially significant losses. However, management believes that the reserves for potential losses are adequate. As of March 31, 2016, NCR had no major concentration of credit risk related to financial instruments.



24

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

12. FAIR VALUE OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 are set forth as follows:
  
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at March 31, 2016 Using
In millions
March 31, 2016
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deposits held in money market mutual funds (1)
$
3

 
$
3

 
$

 
$

Foreign exchange contracts (2)
2

 

 
2

 

Total
$
5

 
$
3

 
$
2

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap (3)
$
2

 
$

 
$
2

 
$

Foreign exchange contracts (3)
5

 

 
5

 

Total
$
7

 
$

 
$
7

 
$


 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2015 Using
In millions
December 31, 2015
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deposits held in money market mutual funds (1)
$
3

 
$
3

 
$

 
$

Foreign exchange contracts (2)
3

 

 
3

 

Total
$
6

 
$
3

 
$
3

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap (3)
$
3

 
$

 
$
3

 
$

Foreign exchange contracts (3)
2

 

 
2

 

Total
$
5

 
$

 
$
5

 
$

_____________
(1)    Included in Cash and cash equivalents in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
(2)    Included in Other current assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
(3)    Included in Other current liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Deposits Held in Money Market Mutual Funds A portion of the Company’s excess cash is held in money market mutual funds which generate interest income based on prevailing market rates. Money market mutual fund holdings are measured at fair value using quoted market prices and are classified within Level 1 of the valuation hierarchy.

Interest Rate Swap As a result of our Senior Secured Credit Facility, we are exposed to risk from changes in LIBOR, which may adversely affect our financial condition. To manage our exposure and mitigate the impact of changes in LIBOR on our financial results, we hedge a portion of our forecasted interest payments through the use of an interest rate swap agreement. The interest rate swap is valued using the income approach inclusive of nonperformance and counterparty risk considerations and is classified within Level 2 of the valuation hierarchy.

Foreign Exchange Contracts As a result of our global operating activities, we are exposed to risks from changes in foreign currency exchange rates, which may adversely affect our financial condition. To manage our exposures and mitigate the impact of currency fluctuations on our financial results, we hedge our primary transactional exposures through the use of foreign exchange forward and option contracts. The foreign exchange contracts are valued using the market approach based on observable market transactions of forward rates and are classified within Level 2 of the valuation hierarchy.


25

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Non-recurring Basis

From time to time, certain assets are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3). NCR reviews the carrying values of investments when events and circumstances warrant and considers all available evidence in evaluating when declines in fair value are other-than-temporary declines. Other than the impairment charge described in Note 4, "Restructuring Plan," no impairment charges or material non-recurring fair value adjustments were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.
 
13. SEGMENT INFORMATION AND CONCENTRATIONS

The Company manages and reports the following three segments:

Software - Our software solutions include our automated teller machine (ATM) software application suite, cash management and video banking software, check and image processing software and customer-facing digital banking solutions. We offer an omni-channel retail software platform with a comprehensive suite of software applications, including point-of-sale (POS) software, and a suite of software applications for hospitality POS operations, and kitchen and restaurant management. We also offer other cloud (or software-as-a-service) solutions, hosted services, and online, mobile and transactional services and applications such as bill pay. Additionally, we provide ongoing software support and maintenance services, as well as consulting and implementation services for our software solutions.
Services - Our service solutions include maintenance and repair services for our hardware solutions as well as for third party products, and support services for our hardware solutions. Additionally, we provide managed services as well as other services, including site assessment and preparation, staging, installation and implementation and systems management services.
Hardware - Our hardware solutions include a comprehensive line of ATMs, self-checkout (SCO), and point of sale (POS) products. Additionally, we also offer a complete line of printer consumables.

These segments represent components of the Company for which separate financial information is available that is utilized on a regular basis by the chief operating decision maker in assessing segment performance and in allocating the Company's resources. Management evaluates the performance of the segments based on revenue and segment operating income. Assets are not allocated to segments, and thus are not included in the assessment of segment performance, and consequently, we do not disclose total assets by reportable segment.
The accounting policies used to determine the results of the operating segments are the same as those utilized for the condensed consolidated financial statements as a whole. Intersegment sales and transfers are not material.
To maintain operating focus on business performance, significant, non-recurring items are excluded from the segment operating results utilized by our chief operating decision maker in evaluating segment performance and are separately delineated to reconcile back to total reported income from operations.
 

26

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

The following table presents revenue and operating income by segment:
In millions
Three months ended March 31
2016
 
2015
Revenue by segment
 
 
 
Software
$
419

 
$
414

Services
543

 
523

Hardware
482

 
539

Consolidated revenue
1,444

 
1,476

Operating income by segment
 
 
 
Software
115

 
117

Services
34

 
36

Hardware
(10
)
 
(7
)
Subtotal - segment operating income
139

 
146

Other adjustments(1)
38

 
51

Income from operations
$
101

 
$
95


(1) 
The following table presents the other adjustments for NCR:
In millions
Three months ended March 31
2016
 
2015
Restructuring / transformation costs
$
4

 
$
16

Acquisition-related amortization of intangible assets
32

 
32

Acquisition-related costs
2

 
2

OFAC and FCPA investigations

 
1

Total other adjustments
$
38

 
$
51


The following table presents revenue from products and services for NCR:
In millions
Three months ended March 31
2016
 
2015
Product revenue
$
548

 
$
604

Professional services and installation services revenue
209

 
208

Recurring revenue, including maintenance and cloud revenue
687

 
664

Total revenue
$
1,444

 
$
1,476

 
14. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (AOCI)

Changes in AOCI by Component
In millions
Currency Translation Adjustments
Changes in Employee Benefit Plans
Changes in Fair Value of Effective Cash Flow Hedges
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2015
$
(172
)
$
23

$
(1
)
$
(150
)
Other comprehensive (loss) before reclassifications
(4
)

(1
)
(5
)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI

(4
)
1

(3
)
Net current period other comprehensive (loss)
(4
)
(4
)

(8
)
Balance as of March 31, 2016
$
(176
)
$
19

$
(1
)
$
(158
)


27

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

Reclassifications Out of AOCI
 
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2016
 
Employee Benefit Plans
 
 
 
In millions
Actuarial Losses Recognized
Amortization of Prior Service Benefit
Effective Cash Flow Hedges
 
Total
Affected line in Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of services

(3
)

 
(3
)
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses

(1
)

 
(1
)
 
Research and development expenses

(1
)

 
(1
)
 
Interest expense


1

 
1

 
Total before tax
$

$
(5
)
$
1

 
$
(4
)
 
Tax expense
 
 
 
 
1

 
Total reclassifications, net of tax
 
 
 
 
$
(3
)
    
 
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2015
 
Employee Benefit Plans
 
 
 
In millions
Actuarial Losses Recognized
Amortization of Prior Service Benefit
Effective Cash Flow Hedges
 
Total
Affected line in Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of products
$

$

$
(2
)
 
$
(2
)
 
Cost of services
1

(3
)

 
(2
)
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses

(2
)

 
(2
)
 
Research and development expenses

(1
)

 
(1
)
 
Interest expense


1

 
1

 
Total before tax
$
1

$
(6
)
$
(1
)
 
$
(6
)
 
Tax expense
 
 
 
 
2

 
Total reclassifications, net of tax
 
 
 
 
$
(4
)

15. SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION
The components of accounts receivable are summarized as follows:
In millions
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Accounts receivable
 
 
 
Trade
$1,304
 
$1,259
Other
46
 
39
Accounts receivable, gross
1,350
 
1,298
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts
(44)
 
(47)
Total accounts receivable, net
$1,306
 
$1,251
The components of inventory are summarized as follows:

28

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

In millions
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Inventories
 
 
 
Work in process and raw materials
$176
 
$137
Finished goods
169
 
129
Service parts
380
 
377
Total inventories
$725
 
$643
The components of other current assets are summarized as follows:
In millions
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Other current assets
 
 
 
Held for sale assets
$85
 
$89
Other
256
 
238
Total other current assets
$341
 
$327

16. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING SUPPLEMENTAL GUARANTOR INFORMATION

The Company's 5.00% Notes, 4.625% Notes, 5.875% Notes and 6.375% Notes are guaranteed by the Company's subsidiary, NCR International, Inc. (Guarantor Subsidiary), which is 100% owned by the Company and has guaranteed fully and unconditionally the obligations to pay principal and interest for these senior unsecured notes. The guarantees are subject to release under certain circumstances as described below:

the designation of the Guarantor Subsidiary as an unrestricted subsidiary under the indenture governing the notes;
the release of the Guarantor Subsidiary from its guarantee under the Senior Secured Credit Facility;
the release or discharge of the indebtedness that required the guarantee of the notes by the Guarantor Subsidiary;
the permitted sale or other disposition of the Guarantor Subsidiary to a third party; and
the Company's exercise of its legal defeasance option of its covenant defeasance option under the indenture governing the notes.
 
Refer to Note 3, "Debt Obligations," for additional information.

In connection with the previously completed registered exchange offers for the 5.00% Notes, 4.625% Notes, 5.875% Notes and 6.375% Notes, the Company is required to comply with Rule 3-10 of SEC Regulation S-X (Rule 3-10), and has therefore included the accompanying Condensed Consolidating Financial Statements in accordance with Rule 3-10(f) of SEC Regulation S-X.

The following supplemental information sets forth, on a consolidating basis, the condensed statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss), the condensed balance sheets and the condensed statements of cash flows for the parent issuer of these senior unsecured notes, for the Guarantor Subsidiary and for the Company and all of its consolidated subsidiaries. As of January 1, 2016, certain non-guarantor subsidiaries were acquired by, and merged into, the parent issuer. Accordingly, all prior period condensed consolidating guarantor financial statements were updated to reflect the mergers.



29

NCR Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

Condensed Consolidating Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
For the three months ended March 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
Parent Issuer
 
Guarantor Subsidiary
 
Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
Product revenue
$
231

 
$
16

 
$
365

 
$
(64
)
 
$
548

Service revenue
377

 
8

 
511

 

 
896

Total revenue
608

 
24

 
876

 
(64
)
 
1,444

Cost of products
179

 
7

 
320

 
(64
)
 
442

Cost of services
284

 
3

 
335

 

 
622

Selling, general and administrative expenses
120

 
1

 
103

 

 
224

Research and development expenses
28

 

 
25

 

 
53

Restructuring-related charges
2

 

 

 

 
2

Total operating expenses
613

 
11

 
783

 
(64
)
 
1,343

Income (loss) from operations
(5
)
 
13

 
93

 

 
101

Interest expense
(45
)
 

 
(18
)
 
17

 
(46
)
Other (expense) income, net
11

 
(5
)
 
1

 
(17
)
 
(10
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes
(39
)
 
8

 
76

 

 
45

Income tax expense (benefit)
(21
)
 
5

 
29

 

 
13

Income (loss) from continuing operations before earnings in subsidiaries
(18
)
 
3

 
47

 

 
32

Equity in earnings of consolidated subsidiaries
50

 
48

 

 
(98
)
 

Income (loss) from continuing operations
32

 
51

 
47

 
(98
)
 
32

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)
$
32

 
$
51

 
$
47

 
$
(98
)
 
$
32

Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests