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EX-32 - SECTION 1350 CERTIFICATION - CSX CORPcsx032516ex32.htm
EX-31 - RULE 13A-14(A) CERTIFICATION - CSX CORPcsx032516ex31.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
 
(X)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 25, 2016
OR
( )    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the transition period from __________ to __________
Commission File Number 1-8022
CSX CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Virginia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
62-1051971
 
 
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
500 Water Street, 15th Floor, Jacksonville, FL
 
 
 
 
 
32202
 
(904) 359-3200
 
 
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
 
 
 
 
(Zip Code)
 
(Telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
No Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes (X) No ( )
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes (X) No ( )
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer” and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (check one)
Large Accelerated Filer (X)
 
Accelerated Filer ( )
Non-accelerated Filer ( )
 
Smaller Reporting Company ( )
Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ( ) No (X)
There were 955,867,082 shares of common stock outstanding on March 25, 2016 (the latest practicable date that is closest to the filing date).

1



CSX CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 25, 2016
INDEX

 
 
 
Page
PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended March 25, 2016 and March 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended March 25, 2016 and March 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
At March 25, 2016 (Unaudited) and December 25, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 25, 2016 and March 27, 2015

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
PART II.
OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2


CSX CORPORATION

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS (Unaudited)  
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
 
First Quarters
 
2016
2015
 
 
 
Revenue
$
2,618

$
3,027

Expense
 
 
Labor and Fringe
796

879

Materials, Supplies and Other
550

627

Fuel
150

270

Depreciation
313

295

Equipment and Other Rents
105

113

Total Expense
1,914

2,184

 
 
 
Operating Income
704

843

 
 
 
Interest Expense
(143
)
(134
)
Other Income - Net
7

2

Earnings Before Income Taxes
568

711

 
 
 
Income Tax Expense
(212
)
(269
)
Net Earnings
$
356

$
442

 
 
 
Per Common Share (Note 2)
 
 
Net Earnings Per Share, Basic
$
0.37

$
0.45

Net Earnings Per Share, Assuming Dilution
$
0.37

$
0.45

 
 
 
 
 
 
Average Shares Outstanding (In millions)
962

991

Average Shares Outstanding, Assuming Dilution (In millions)
963

992

 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash Dividends Paid Per Common Share
$
0.18

$
0.16



CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME STATEMENTS (Unaudited)  
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
 
First Quarters
 
2016
2015
Total Comprehensive Earnings (Note 10)
$
363

$
440


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

3

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in millions)
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
March 25,
2016
December 25,
2015
ASSETS
Current Assets:
 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
$
731

$
628

Short-term Investments
375

810

Accounts Receivable - Net (Note 1)
917

982

Materials and Supplies
370

350

Deferred Income Taxes
132

126

Other Current Assets
83

70

  Total Current Assets
2,608

2,966

 
 
 
Properties
41,865

41,574

Accumulated Depreciation
(11,572
)
(11,400
)
  Properties - Net
30,293

30,174

 
 
 
Investment in Conrail
811

803

Affiliates and Other Companies
591

591

Other Long-term Assets
307

337

  Total Assets
$
34,610

$
34,871

 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current Liabilities:
 
 
Accounts Payable
$
815

$
764

Labor and Fringe Benefits Payable
398

490

Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves (Note 4)
130

131

Current Maturities of Long-term Debt (Note 7)
20

20

Income and Other Taxes Payable
170

108

Other Current Liabilities
159

439

  Total Current Liabilities
1,692

1,952

 
 
 
Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves (Note 4)
255

269

Long-term Debt (Note 7)
10,516

10,515

Deferred Income Taxes
9,396

9,305

Other Long-term Liabilities
1,145

1,162

  Total Liabilities
23,004

23,203

 
 
 
Shareholders' Equity:
 
 
Common Stock, $1 Par Value
956

966

Other Capital
112

113

Retained Earnings
11,183

11,238

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss (Note 10)
(658
)
(665
)
Noncontrolling Interest
13

16

Total Shareholders' Equity
11,606

11,668

Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity
$
34,610

$
34,871


Certain prior year data has been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

4

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions)
 
Three Months
 
2016
2015
 
 
 
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
Net Earnings
$
356

$
442

Adjustments to Reconcile Net Earnings to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities:
 
 
Depreciation
313

295

Deferred Income Taxes
80

6

Other Operating Activities
(29
)
26

Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities:
 
 
Accounts Receivable
57

19

Other Current Assets
(30
)
(51
)
Accounts Payable
50

24

Income and Other Taxes Payable
59

130

Other Current Liabilities
(102
)
(201
)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
754

690

 
 
 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
Property Additions
(425
)
(598
)
Purchase of Short-term Investments
(235
)
(105
)
Proceeds from Sales of Short-term Investments
670

140

Other Investing Activities
31

63

Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Investing Activities
41

(500
)
 
 
 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
Dividends Paid
(173
)
(158
)
Shares Repurchased
(249
)
(127
)
Other Financing Activities
(270
)
(13
)
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities
(692
)
(298
)
 
 
 
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents
103

(108
)
 
 
 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Period
628

669

Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Period
$
731

$
561

 
 
 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.









5

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1.
Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies

Background
CSX Corporation (“CSX”), together with its subsidiaries (the “Company”), based in Jacksonville, Florida, is one of the nation's leading transportation companies. The Company provides rail-based transportation services including traditional rail service and the transport of intermodal containers and trailers.

CSX's principal operating subsidiary, CSX Transportation, Inc. (“CSXT”), provides an important link to the transportation supply chain through its approximately 21,000 route mile rail network, which serves major population centers in 23 states east of the Mississippi River, the District of Columbia and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. The Company's intermodal business, also part of CSXT, links customers to railroads via trucks and terminals.

Other entities
In addition to CSXT, the Company’s subsidiaries include CSX Intermodal Terminals, Inc. (“CSX Intermodal Terminals”), Total Distribution Services, Inc. (“TDSI”), Transflo Terminal Services, Inc. (“Transflo”), CSX Technology, Inc. (“CSX Technology”) and other subsidiaries. CSX Intermodal Terminals owns and operates a system of intermodal terminals, predominantly in the eastern United States and also performs drayage services (the pickup and delivery of intermodal shipments) for certain customers and trucking dispatch operations. TDSI serves the automotive industry with distribution centers and storage locations. Transflo connects non-rail served customers to the many benefits of rail by transferring products from rail to trucks. The biggest Transflo markets are chemicals and agriculture, which include shipments of plastics and ethanol. CSX Technology and other subsidiaries provide support services for the Company.
    
CSX’s other holdings include CSX Real Property, Inc., a subsidiary responsible for the Company’s operating and non-operating real estate sales, leasing, acquisition and management and development activities. These activities are classified in either operating income or other income - net depending upon the nature of the activity. Results of these activities fluctuate with the timing of real estate transactions.

Basis of Presentation
In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements contain all normal, recurring adjustments necessary to fairly present the following:
  
Consolidated income statements for the three months ended March 25, 2016 and March 27, 2015;
Consolidated comprehensive income statements for the three months ended March 25, 2016 and March 27, 2015;
Consolidated balance sheets at March 25, 2016 and December 25, 2015; and
Consolidated cash flow statements for the three months ended March 25, 2016 and March 27, 2015.

Pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), certain information and disclosures normally included in the notes to the annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been omitted from these interim financial statements. CSX suggests that these financial statements be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the notes included in CSX's most recent annual report on Form 10-K and any subsequently filed current reports on Form 8-K.


6

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1.    Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies, continued

Fiscal Year
CSX follows a 52/53 week fiscal reporting calendar with the last day of each reporting period ending on a Friday:
The first fiscal quarters of 2016 and 2015 consisted of 13 weeks ending on March 25, 2016 and March 27, 2015, respectively.
Fiscal year 2016 will consist of 53 weeks ending on December 30, 2016.
Fiscal year 2015 consisted of 52 weeks ending on December 25, 2015.
    
Except as otherwise specified, references to “first quarter(s)” or “three months” indicate CSX's fiscal periods ending March 25, 2016 and March 27, 2015, and references to "year-end" indicate the fiscal year ended December 25, 2015.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts on uncollectible amounts related to freight receivables, government reimbursement receivables, claims for damages and other various receivables. The allowance is based upon the creditworthiness of customers, historical experience, the age of the receivable and current market and economic conditions. Uncollectible amounts are charged against the allowance account. Allowance for doubtful accounts of $32 million and $37 million is included in the consolidated balance sheets as of the end of first quarter 2016 and December 25, 2015, respectively.

New Accounting Pronouncements
On February 25, 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU"), Leases, which will require lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets as a right-of-use asset with a corresponding lease liability, and lessors to recognize a net lease investment. Additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures will also be required. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. While the Company is still assessing the impact of this standard, CSX does not believe this standard will have a material impact on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.
    
NOTE 2.    Earnings Per Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic earnings per share and earnings per share, assuming dilution:
 
First Quarters
 
2016
2015
Numerator (Dollars in millions):
 
 
Net Earnings
$
356

$
442

 
 
 
Denominator (Units in millions):
 
 
Average Common Shares Outstanding
962

991

Other Potentially Dilutive Common Shares
1

1

Average Common Shares Outstanding,
Assuming Dilution
963

992

 
 
 
Net Earnings Per Share, Basic
$
0.37

$
0.45

Net Earnings Per Share, Assuming Dilution
$
0.37

$
0.45



7

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 2.    Earnings Per Share, continued

Basic earnings per share is based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding. Earnings per share, assuming dilution, is based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock equivalents outstanding adjusted for the effects of common stock that may be issued as a result of potentially dilutive instruments. CSX's potentially dilutive instruments are made up of equity awards, which include long-term incentive awards, and employee stock options.

The Earnings Per Share Topic in the FASB's Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") requires CSX to include additional shares in the computation of earnings per share, assuming dilution. The additional shares included in diluted earnings per share represent the number of shares that would be issued if all of the above potentially dilutive instruments were converted into CSX common stock.

When calculating diluted earnings per share, the Earnings Per Share Topic in the ASC requires CSX to include the potential shares that would be outstanding if all outstanding stock options were exercised. This number is different from outstanding stock options, which is included in Note 3, Share-Based Compensation, because it is offset by shares CSX could repurchase using the proceeds from these hypothetical exercises to obtain the common stock equivalent. Outstanding stock options were excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation as the effect of their inclusion currently would be anti-dilutive.
      
Share Repurchases
In April 2015, the Company announced a new $2 billion share repurchase program, which is expected to be completed by April 2017. During the first quarters of 2016 and 2015, the Company repurchased approximately $249 million, or ten million shares, and $127 million, or four million shares, respectively. Shares are retired immediately upon repurchase. Management's assessment of market conditions and other factors guides the timing and volume of repurchases. Future share repurchases are expected to be funded by cash on hand, cash generated from operations and debt issuances. In accordance with the Equity Topic in the ASC, the excess of repurchase price over par value is recorded in retained earnings. Generally, retained earnings is only impacted by net earnings and dividends.

NOTE 3.     Share-Based Compensation

Under CSX's share-based compensation plans, awards consist of performance grants, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units and stock options for management and stock grants for directors. Awards granted under the various programs are determined and approved by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors or, in certain circumstances, by the Chief Executive Officer for awards to management employees other than senior executives. The Board of Directors approves awards granted to the Company's non-management directors upon recommendation of the Governance Committee.

8

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 3.     Share-Based Compensation, continued

On February 10, 2016, the Company granted performance units, restricted stock units and stock options as part of the Company's long-term share-based compensation plans.

Long-term Incentive Plan

Approximately 839 thousand performance units were granted to certain employees under a new long-term incentive plan ("2016-2018 LTIP"). The 2016-2018 LTIP was adopted under the CSX Stock and Incentive Award Plan. Payouts of performance units for the cycle ending with fiscal year 2018 will be based on the achievement of goals related to both operating ratio and return on assets in each case excluding non-recurring items as disclosed in the Company's financial statements. The cumulative operating ratio and average return on assets over the plan period will each comprise 50% of the payout and will be measured independently of the other.

Grants were made in performance units, with each unit representing the right to receive one share of CSX common stock, and payouts will be made in CSX common stock. The payout range for participants will be between 0% and 200% of the target awards depending on Company performance against predetermined goals. Payouts for certain executive officers are subject to downward adjustment by up to 30% based upon total shareholder return relative to specified comparable groups.

Restricted Stock Units

The Company granted approximately 419 thousand restricted stock units. The restricted stock units vest three years after the date of grant. Participants receive cash dividend equivalents on the unvested shares during the restriction period. These awards are time-based and are not based upon attainment of performance goals.

Stock Options

The Company granted approximately 2.4 million stock options. The fair value of stock options on the date of grant was $4.68 which was estimated using the Black-Scholes valuation model. Stock options have been granted with ten-year terms and vest three years after the date of grant. The exercise price for stock options granted equals the closing market price of the underlying stock on the date of grant. These awards are time-based and are not based upon attainment of performance goals.

Performance units, restricted stock units and stock options all require participants to be employed through the final day of the respective performance or vesting period as applicable, except in the case of death, disability or retirement. For information related to the Company's other outstanding long-term incentive compensation, see CSX's most recent annual report on Form 10-K.

Total pre-tax expense associated with all share-based compensation and the related income tax benefit are as follows:
 
First Quarters
(Dollars in millions)
2016
2015
 
 
 
Share-Based Compensation Expense
$
8

$
8

Income Tax Benefit
3

3





9

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 4.
Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves
Casualty, environmental and other reserves are considered critical accounting estimates due to the need for significant management judgment. They are provided for in the consolidated balance sheets as shown in the table below:
 
March 25,
2016
 
December 25,
2015
(Dollars in millions)
Current
Long-term
Total
 
Current
Long-term
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Casualty:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Personal Injury
$
57

$
143

$
200

 
$
57

$
147

$
204

Asbestos
8

39

47

 
9

44

53

Occupational
3

8

11

 
3

9

12

     Total Casualty
68

190

258

 
69

200

269

Environmental
43

37

80

 
42

40

82

Other
19

28

47

 
20

29

49

     Total
$
130

$
255

$
385

 
$
131

$
269

$
400


These liabilities are accrued when estimable and probable in accordance with the Contingencies Topic in the ASC. Actual settlements and claims received could differ, and final outcomes of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty. Considering the legal defenses currently available, the liabilities that have been recorded and other factors, it is the opinion of management that none of these items individually, when finally resolved, will have a material effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. Should a number of these items occur in the same period, however, they could have a material effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity in that particular period.

Casualty
Casualty reserves of $258 million and $269 million as of March 25, 2016 and December 25, 2015, respectively, represent accruals for personal injury, asbestos and occupational injury claims. The Company's self-insured retention amount for these claims is $50 million per occurrence. Currently, no individual claim is expected to exceed the self-insured retention amount. In accordance with the Contingencies Topic in the ASC, to the extent the value of an individual claim exceeds the self-insured retention amount, the Company would present the liability on a gross basis with a corresponding receivable for insurance recoveries. These reserves fluctuate based upon the timing of payments as well as changes in estimate. Actual results may vary from estimates due to the number, type and severity of the injury, costs of medical treatments and uncertainties in litigation. Most of the Company's casualty claims relate to CSXT unless otherwise noted below. Defense and processing costs, which historically have been insignificant and are anticipated to be insignificant in the future, are not included in the recorded liabilities.
 
Personal Injury
    Personal injury reserves represent liabilities for employee work-related and third-party injuries. Work-related injuries for CSXT employees are primarily subject to the Federal Employers’ Liability Act (“FELA”). In addition to FELA liabilities, employees of other current or former CSX subsidiaries are covered by various state workers’ compensation laws, the Federal Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Program or the Maritime Jones Act.
        
CSXT retains an independent actuary to assist management in assessing the value of personal injury claims. An analysis is performed by the actuary quarterly and is reviewed by management. The methodology used by the actuary includes a development factor to reflect growth or reduction in the value of these personal injury claims. It is based largely on CSXT's historical claims and settlement experience.

10

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 4.    Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves, continued

Asbestos & Occupational
The Company is party to a number of asbestos claims by employees alleging exposure to asbestos in the workplace. Management reviews asserted asbestos claims quarterly.  Since exposure to asbestos has been substantially eliminated, unasserted or incurred but not reported ("IBNR") asbestos claims are analyzed by a third-party specialist and reviewed by management annually.
    
CSXT’s historical claim filings, settlement amounts, and dismissal rates are analyzed to determine future anticipated claim filing rates and average settlement values for asbestos claims reserves. The potentially exposed population is estimated by using CSXT’s employment records and industry data. From this analysis, the specialist estimates the IBNR claims liabilities.

Occupational claims arise from allegations of exposure to certain materials in the workplace, such as solvents, soaps, chemicals (collectively referred to as “irritants”) and diesel fuels (like exhaust fumes) or allegations of chronic physical injuries resulting from work conditions, such as repetitive stress injuries, carpal tunnel syndrome and hearing loss.

Environmental
Environmental reserves were $80 million and $82 million as of March 25, 2016 and December 25, 2015, respectively. The Company is a party to various proceedings related to environmental issues, including administrative and judicial proceedings involving private parties and regulatory agencies. The Company has been identified as a potentially responsible party at approximately 232 environmentally impaired sites. Many of these are, or may be, subject to remedial action under the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 ("CERCLA"), also known as the Superfund Law, or similar state statutes. Most of these proceedings arose from environmental conditions on properties used for ongoing or discontinued railroad operations. A number of these proceedings, however, are based on allegations that the Company, or its predecessors, sent hazardous substances to facilities owned or operated by others for treatment, recycling or disposal. In addition, some of the Company's land holdings were leased to others for commercial or industrial uses that may have resulted in releases of hazardous substances or other regulated materials onto the property and could give rise to proceedings against the Company.

In any such proceedings, the Company is subject to environmental clean-up and enforcement actions under the Superfund Law, as well as similar state laws that may impose joint and several liability for clean-up and enforcement costs on current and former owners and operators of a site without regard to fault or the legality of the original conduct. These costs could be substantial.

In accordance with the Asset Retirement and Environmental Obligations Topic in the ASC, the Company reviews its role with respect to each site identified at least quarterly, giving consideration to a number of factors such as:
type of clean-up required;
nature of the Company's alleged connection to the location (e.g., generator of waste sent to the site or owner or operator of the site);
extent of the Company's alleged connection (e.g., volume of waste sent to the location and other relevant factors); and
number, connection and financial viability of other named and unnamed potentially responsible parties at the location.




11

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 4.    Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves, continued

Based on the review process, the Company has recorded amounts to cover contingent anticipated future environmental remediation costs with respect to each site to the extent such costs are estimable and probable. The recorded liabilities for estimated future environmental costs are undiscounted. The liability includes future costs for remediation and restoration of sites as well as any significant ongoing monitoring costs, but excludes any anticipated insurance recoveries. Payments related to these liabilities are expected to be made over the next several years. Environmental remediation costs are included in materials, supplies and other on the consolidated income statement.

Currently, the Company does not possess sufficient information to reasonably estimate the amounts of additional liabilities, if any, on some sites until completion of future environmental studies. In addition, conditions that are currently unknown could, at any given location, result in additional exposure, the amount and materiality of which cannot presently be reasonably estimated. Based upon information currently available, however, the Company believes its environmental reserves accurately reflect the estimated cost of remedial actions currently required.

Other
Other reserves of $47 million and $49 million as of March 25, 2016 and December 25, 2015, respectively, include liabilities for various claims, such as property, automobile and general liability. Also included in other reserves are longshoremen disability claims related to a previously owned international shipping business (these claims are in runoff) as well as claims for current port employees.

NOTE 5.    Commitments and Contingencies

Insurance
The Company maintains numerous insurance programs with substantial limits for property damage (which includes business interruption) and third-party liability.  A certain amount of risk is retained by the Company on each of the property and liability programs.  The Company has a $25 million retention per occurrence for the non-catastrophic property program (such as a derailment) and a $50 million retention per occurrence for the liability and catastrophic property programs (such as hurricanes and floods). While the Company believes its insurance coverage is adequate, future claims could exceed existing insurance coverage or insurance may not continue to be available at commercially reasonable rates.

Legal
    The Company is involved in litigation incidental to its business and is a party to a number of legal actions and claims, various governmental proceedings and private civil lawsuits, including, but not limited to, those related to fuel surcharge practices, environmental and hazardous material exposure matters, FELA and labor claims by current or former employees, other personal injury or property claims and disputes and complaints involving certain transportation rates and charges. Some of the legal proceedings include claims for compensatory as well as punitive damages and others are, or are purported to be, class actions. While the final outcome of these matters cannot be reasonably determined, considering, among other things, the legal defenses available and liabilities that have been recorded along with applicable insurance, it is currently the opinion of management that none of these pending items is likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. An unexpected adverse resolution of one or more of these items, however, could have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity in that particular period.

12

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 5.    Commitments and Contingencies, continued
The Company is able to estimate a range of possible loss for certain legal proceedings for which a loss is reasonably possible in excess of reserves established. The Company has estimated this range to be $2 million to $86 million in aggregate at March 25, 2016. This estimated aggregate range is based upon currently available information and is subject to significant judgment and a variety of assumptions. Accordingly, the Company's estimate will change from time to time, and actual losses may vary significantly from the current estimate.

Fuel Surcharge Antitrust Litigation
In May 2007, class action lawsuits were filed against CSXT and three other U.S.-based Class I railroads alleging that the defendants' fuel surcharge practices relating to contract and unregulated traffic resulted from an illegal conspiracy in violation of antitrust laws. In November 2007, the class action lawsuits were consolidated in federal court in the District of Columbia, where they are now pending. The suit seeks treble damages allegedly sustained by purported class members as well as attorneys' fees and other relief. Plaintiffs are expected to allege damages at least equal to the fuel surcharges at issue.

In June 2012, the District Court certified the case as a class action. The decision was not a ruling on the merits of plaintiffs' claims, but rather a decision to allow the plaintiffs to seek to prove the case as a class. The defendant railroads petitioned the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit for permission to appeal the District Court's class certification decision. In August 2013, the D.C. Circuit issued a decision vacating the class certification decision and remanded the case to the District Court to reconsider its class certification decision. The District Court remand proceedings are underway and a class certification hearing is expected to occur later this year. The District Court has delayed proceedings on the merits of the case pending the outcome of the class certification remand proceedings.

CSXT believes that its fuel surcharge practices were arrived at and applied lawfully and that the case is without merit. Accordingly, the Company intends to defend itself vigorously. However, penalties for violating antitrust laws can be severe, and an unexpected adverse decision on the merits could have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity in that particular period.

Environmental
CSXT is indemnifying Pharmacia LLC (formerly known as Monsanto Company) for certain liabilities associated with real estate located in Kearny, New Jersey along the Lower Passaic River (the “Property”). The Property, which was formerly owned by Pharmacia, is now owned by CSXT. CSXT's indemnification and defense duties arise with respect to several matters. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA"), using its CERCLA authority, seeks cleanup and removal costs and other damages associated with the presence of hazardous substances in the 17-mile Lower Passaic River Study Area (the "Study Area”). CSXT, on behalf of Pharmacia, and a significant number of other potentially responsible parties are together conducting a Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study of the Study Area pursuant to an Administrative Settlement Agreement and Order on Consent ("Agreement") with the EPA.

In March 2016, EPA issued its Record of Decision detailing the agency’s mandated remedial process for the lower 8 miles of the Study Area, which was based on a Focused Feasibility Study. EPA has estimated that it will take the potentially responsible parties approximately ten years to complete the work. At a later date, EPA will select a remedy for the remainder of the Study Area and is expected to again seek the participation of private parties to implement the selected remedy using EPA’s CERCLA authority to compel such participation, if necessary.


13

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 5.    Commitments and Contingencies, continued

CSXT is also defending and indemnifying Pharmacia in a cooperative natural resource damages assessment process related to the Property. Based on currently available information, the Company does not believe any indemnification or remediation costs potentially allocable to CSXT with respect to the Property and the Study Area would be material to the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

NOTE 6.    Employee Benefit Plans

The Company sponsors defined benefit pension plans principally for salaried, management personnel.  For employees hired prior to January 1, 2003, the plans provide eligible employees with retirement benefits based predominantly on years of service and compensation rates near retirement.  For employees hired in 2003 or thereafter, benefits are determined based on a cash balance formula, which provides benefits by utilizing interest and pay credits based upon age, service and compensation. 

In addition to these plans, the Company sponsors a post-retirement medical plan and a life insurance plan that provide benefits to full-time, salaried, management employees, hired prior to January 1, 2003, upon their retirement if certain eligibility requirements are met.  Eligible retirees who are age 65 years or older (Medicare-eligible) are covered by a health reimbursement arrangement, which is an employer-funded account that can be used for reimbursement of eligible medical expenses. Eligible retirees younger than 65 years (non-Medicare eligible) are covered by a self-insured program partially funded by participating retirees.  The life insurance plan is non-contributory.

The Company engages independent actuaries to compute the amounts of liabilities and expenses relating to these plans subject to the assumptions that the Company selects.  These amounts are reviewed by management.  The following table describes the components of expense / (income) related to net benefit expense recorded in labor and fringe on the income statement.

 
Pension Benefits
(Dollars in millions)
First Quarters
 
2016
2015
Service Cost
$
12

$
11

Interest Cost
30

29

Expected Return on Plan Assets
(39
)
(40
)
Amortization of Net Loss
12

17

Net Periodic Benefit Cost
15

17

Special Termination Benefits – Workforce Reduction Program(a)

7

Total Expense
$
15

$
24

 
 
 
 
Other Post-retirement Benefits
(Dollars in millions)
First Quarters
 
2016
2015
Service Cost
$

$
1

Interest Cost
3

4

Amortization of Net Loss
1

1

Total Expense
$
4

$
6


(a) Special termination benefits were charges in 2015 that resulted from a management workforce reduction program initiated in 2014.

14

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 6.    Employee Benefit Plans, continued

Qualified pension plan obligations are funded in accordance with regulatory requirements and with an objective of meeting minimum funding requirements necessary to avoid restrictions on flexibility of plan operation and benefit payments.  No required contributions to the Company's qualified pension plans are expected in 2016.

NOTE 7.    Debt and Credit Agreements

Total activity related to long-term debt as of the end of first quarter 2016 is shown in the table below. For fair value information related to the Company's long-term debt, see Note 9, Fair Value Measurements.

(Dollars in millions)
Current Portion
Long-term Portion
Total
Long-term debt as of December 2015 (a)
$
20

$
10,515

$
10,535

2016 activity:
 
 
 
Discount and premium activity

(1
)
(1
)
Debt issue cost activity

2

2

Long-term debt as of March 2016
$
20

$
10,516

$
10,536

(a) Long-term debt as of December 2015 - debt issue costs of $168 million were reclassed from long-term assets to long-term debt on the consolidated balance sheet as a result of ASU, Interest - Imputation of Interest, which became effective for CSX during first quarter 2016.

Credit Facility
CSX has a $1 billion unsecured, revolving credit facility backed by a diverse syndicate of banks. This facility expires in May 2020, and as of the date of this filing, the Company has no outstanding balances under this facility. The facility allows borrowings at floating (LIBOR-based) interest rates, plus a spread, depending upon CSX's senior unsecured debt ratings. LIBOR is the London Interbank Offered Rate which is a daily reference rate based on the interest rates at which banks offer to lend unsecured funds. As of first quarter 2016, CSX was in compliance with all covenant requirements under this facility.

Receivables Securitization Facility
The Company has a receivables securitization facility with a three-year term expiring in June 2017. The purpose of this facility is to provide an alternative to commercial paper and a low cost source of short-term liquidity of up to $250 million, depending on eligible receivables balances. As of the date of this filing, the Company has no outstanding balances under this facility.

NOTE 8.    Income Taxes

There have been no material changes to the balance of unrecognized tax benefits on the consolidated balance sheet during first quarters 2016 and 2015.











15

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 9.    Fair Value Measurements

The Financial Instruments Topic in the ASC requires disclosures about fair value of financial instruments in annual reports as well as in quarterly reports. For CSX, this statement applies to certain investments and long-term debt. Disclosure of the fair value of pension plan assets is only required annually. Also, this rule clarifies the definition of fair value for financial reporting, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and requires additional disclosures about the use of fair value measurements.

Various inputs are considered when determining the value of the Company's investments, pension plan assets and long-term debt. The inputs or methodologies used for valuing securities are not necessarily an indication of the risk associated with investing in these securities. These inputs are summarized in the three broad levels listed below.

Level 1 - observable market inputs that are unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets;
Level 2 - other significant observable inputs (including quoted prices for similar securities, interest rates, credit risk, etc.); and
Level 3 - significant unobservable inputs (including the Company's own assumptions about the assumptions market participants would use in determining the fair value of investments).
 
The valuation methods described below may produce a fair value calculation that may not be indicative of net realizable value or reflective of future fair values. Furthermore, while the Company believes its valuation methods are appropriate and consistent with other market participants, the use of different methodologies or assumptions to determine the fair value of certain financial instruments could result in a different fair value measurement at the reporting date.

Investments
The Company's investment assets, valued with assistance from a third-party trustee, consist of certificates of deposits, commercial paper, corporate bonds, government securities and auction rate securities and are carried at fair value on the consolidated balance sheet per the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic in the ASC. There are several valuation methodologies used for those assets as described below.

Certificates of Deposit and Commercial Paper (Level 2): Valued at amortized cost, which approximates fair value;
Corporate Bonds and Government Securities (Level 2): Valued using broker quotes that utilize observable market inputs; and
Auction Rate Securities (Level 3): Valued using pricing models for which the assumptions utilize management’s estimates of market participant assumptions, because there is currently no active market for trading.
    
The Company's investment assets are carried at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets as summarized in the table below. Additionally, the amortized cost basis of these investments was $455 million and $920 million as of March 25, 2016 and December 25, 2015, respectively.


16

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 9.    Fair Value Measurements, continued

 
March 25,
2016
 
December 25,
2015
(Dollars in Millions)
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Total
 
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Total
Certificates of Deposit and Commercial Paper
$

$
375

$

$
375

 
$

$
810

$

$
810

Corporate Bonds

60


60

 

73


73

Government Securities

16


16

 

32


32

Auction Rate Securities


4

4

 


4

4

Total investments at fair value
$

$
451

$
4

$
455

 
$

$
915

$
4

$
919


These investments have the following maturities:
(Dollars in millions)
March 25,
2016
 
December 25,
2015
Less than 1 year
$
375

 
$
810

1 - 2 years
3

 
9

2 - 5 years
12

 
27

Greater than 5 years
65

 
73

Total
$
455

 
$
919


Long-term Debt
Long-term debt is reported at carrying amount on the consolidated balance sheets and is the Company's only financial instrument with fair values significantly different from their carrying amounts. The majority of the Company's long-term debt is valued with assistance from an independent third party adviser that utilizes closing transactions, market quotes or market values of comparable debt. For those instruments not valued by the independent adviser, the fair value has been estimated by applying market rates of similar instruments to the scheduled contractual debt payments and maturities. These market rates are provided by the same independent adviser. All of the inputs used to determine the fair value of the Company's long-term debt are Level 2 inputs.

The fair value of outstanding debt fluctuates with changes in a number of factors. Such factors include, but are not limited to, interest rates, market conditions, credit ratings, values of similar financial instruments, size of the transaction, cash flow projections and comparable trades. Fair value will exceed carrying value when the current market interest rate is lower than the interest rate at which the debt was originally issued. The fair value of a company's debt is a measure of its current value under present market conditions. It does not impact the financial statements under current accounting rules.

The fair value and carrying value of the Company's long-term debt is as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
March 25,
2016
 
December 25, 2015
Long-term Debt (Including Current Maturities):
 
 
 
Fair Value
$
11,496

 
$
11,340

Carrying Value
10,536

 
10,535




17

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 10.     Other Comprehensive Income / (Loss)

CSX reports comprehensive earnings or loss in accordance with the Comprehensive Income Topic in the ASC in the Consolidated Comprehensive Income Statement. Total comprehensive earnings are defined as all changes in shareholders' equity during a period, other than those resulting from investments by and distributions to shareholders (e.g. issuance of equity securities and dividends). Generally, for CSX, total comprehensive earnings equal net earnings plus or minus adjustments for pension and other post-retirement liabilities. Total comprehensive earnings represent the activity for a period net of tax and were $363 million and $440 million for first quarters 2016 and 2015.

While total comprehensive earnings is the activity in a period and is largely driven by net earnings in that period, accumulated other comprehensive income or loss (“AOCI”) represents the cumulative balance of other comprehensive income, net of tax, as of the balance sheet date. For CSX, AOCI is primarily the cumulative balance related to pension and other post-retirement benefit adjustments and CSX's share of AOCI of equity method investees.

Changes in the AOCI balance by component are shown in the table below. Amounts reclassified in pension and other post-employment benefits to net earnings relate to the amortization of actuarial losses and are included in labor and fringe on the consolidated income statements. See Note 6. Employee Benefit Plans for further information. Other primarily represents CSX's share of AOCI of equity method investees. Amounts reclassified in other to net earnings are included in materials, supplies and other on the consolidated income statements.

 
Pension and Other Post-Employment Benefits
Other
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
 
Balance December 25, 2015, Net of Tax
$
(601
)
$
(64
)
$
(665
)
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
 
Loss Before Reclassifications

(1
)
(1
)
Amounts Reclassified to Net Earnings
13


13

Tax Expense
(5
)

(5
)
Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
8

(1
)
7

Balance March 25, 2016, Net of Tax
$
(593
)
$
(65
)
$
(658
)

NOTE 11.    Summarized Consolidating Financial Data

In 2007, CSXT, a wholly-owned subsidiary of CSX Corporation, sold secured equipment notes maturing in 2023 in a registered public offering. CSX has fully and unconditionally guaranteed the notes. In connection with the notes, the Company is providing the following condensed consolidating financial information in accordance with SEC disclosure requirements. Each entity in the consolidating financial information follows the same accounting policies as described in the consolidated financial statements, except for the use of the equity method of accounting to reflect ownership interests in subsidiaries which are eliminated upon consolidation and the allocation of certain expenses of CSX incurred for the benefit of its subsidiaries. Condensed consolidating financial information for the obligor, CSXT, and parent guarantor, CSX, is shown in the tables below.




18

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 11.    Summarized Consolidating Financial Data, continued

 Consolidating Income Statements
 (Dollars in millions)
First Quarter 2016
 CSX Corporation
 CSX Transportation
 Eliminations and Other
 Consolidated
 Revenue
$

$
2,598

$
20

$
2,618

 Expense
(72
)
2,064

(78
)
1,914

 Operating Income
72

534

98

704

 
 
 
 
 
 Equity in Earnings of Subsidiaries
401


(401
)

 Interest (Expense) / Benefit
(143
)
(10
)
10

(143
)
 Other Income / (Expense) - Net
1

7

(1
)
7

 
 
 
 
 
 Earnings Before Income Taxes
331

531

(294
)
568

 Income Tax Benefit / (Expense)
25

(198
)
(39
)
(212
)
 Net Earnings
$
356

$
333

$
(333
)
$
356

 
 
 
 
 
Total Comprehensive Earnings
$
363

$
332

$
(332
)
$
363

 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter 2015
 CSX Corporation
 CSX Transportation
 Eliminations and Other
 Consolidated
 Revenue
$

$
3,007

$
20

$
3,027

 Expense
(148
)
2,344

(12
)
2,184

 Operating Income
148

663

32

843

 
 
 
 
 
 Equity in Earnings of Subsidiaries
440


(440
)

 Interest (Expense) / Benefit
(133
)
(7
)
6

(134
)
 Other Income / (Expense) - Net
(1
)
6

(3
)
2

 
 
 
 
 
 Earnings Before Income Taxes
454

662

(405
)
711

 Income Tax (Expense) / Benefit
(12
)
(246
)
(11
)
(269
)
 Net Earnings
$
442

$
416

$
(416
)
$
442

 
 
 
 
 
Total Comprehensive Earnings
$
440

$
413

$
(413
)
$
440



19

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 11.    Summarized Consolidating Financial Data, continued
 Consolidating Balance Sheet
 (Dollars in millions)
As of March 2016
 CSX Corporation
 CSX Transportation
 Eliminations and Other
 Consolidated
 
 
 
 
 
ASSETS
 Current Assets
 
 
 
 
 Cash and Cash Equivalents
$
493

$
223

$
15

$
731

 Short-term Investments
375



375

 Accounts Receivable - Net

159

758

917

 Receivable from Affiliates
1,195

2,000

(3,195
)

 Materials and Supplies

370


370

 Deferred Income Taxes
15

118

(1
)
132

 Other Current Assets
4

72

7

83

   Total Current Assets
2,082

2,942

(2,416
)
2,608

 
 
 
 
 
 Properties
1

39,220

2,644

41,865

 Accumulated Depreciation
(1
)
(10,151
)
(1,420
)
(11,572
)
 Properties - Net

29,069

1,224

30,293

 
 
 
 
 
 Investments in Conrail


811

811

 Affiliates and Other Companies
(39
)
614

16

591

 Investments in Consolidated Subsidiaries
22,978


(22,978
)

 Other Long-term Assets
7

399

(99
)
307

   Total Assets
$
25,028

$
33,024

$
(23,442
)
$
34,610

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 Current Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 Accounts Payable
$
168

$
617

$
30

$
815

 Labor and Fringe Benefits Payable
33

336

29

398

 Payable to Affiliates
3,045

467

(3,512
)

 Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves

114

16

130

 Current Maturities of Long-term Debt
1

19


20

 Income and Other Taxes Payable
(174
)
303

41

170

 Other Current Liabilities

156

3

159

   Total Current Liabilities
3,073

2,012

(3,393
)
1,692

 
 
 
 
 
 Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves

206

49

255

 Long-term Debt
9,734

782


10,516

 Deferred Income Taxes
(172
)
9,338

230

9,396

 Other Long-term Liabilities
800

472

(127
)
1,145

   Total Liabilities
$
13,435

$
12,810

$
(3,241
)
$
23,004

 
 
 
 
 
 Shareholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
 Common Stock, $1 Par Value
$
956

$
181

$
(181
)
$
956

 Other Capital
112

5,091

(5,091
)
112

 Retained Earnings
11,183

14,956

(14,956
)
11,183

 Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
(658
)
(31
)
31

(658
)
 Noncontrolling Interest

17

(4
)
13

 Total Shareholders' Equity
$
11,593

$
20,214

$
(20,201
)
$
11,606

 Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity
$
25,028

$
33,024

$
(23,442
)
$
34,610


20

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 11.    Summarized Consolidating Financial Data, continued
Consolidating Balance Sheet
(Dollars in millions)
As of December 2015
 CSX Corporation
 CSX Transportation
Eliminations and Other
 Consolidated
ASSETS
 Current Assets
 
 
 
 
 Cash and Cash Equivalents
$
444

$
175

$
9

$
628

 Short-term Investments
810



810

 Accounts Receivable - Net
1

198

783

982

 Receivable from Affiliates
1,092

2,038

(3,130
)

 Materials and Supplies

350


350

 Deferred Income Taxes
10

117

(1
)
126

 Other Current Assets
(59
)
120

9

70

   Total Current Assets
2,298

2,998

(2,330
)
2,966

 
 
 
 
 
 Properties
1

38,964

2,609

41,574

 Accumulated Depreciation
(1
)
(10,016
)
(1,383
)
(11,400
)
 Properties - Net

28,948

1,226

30,174

 
 
 
 
 
 Investments in Conrail


803

803

 Affiliates and Other Companies
(39
)
658

(28
)
591

 Investment in Consolidated Subsidiaries
22,755


(22,755
)

 Other Long-term Assets
8

399

(70
)
337

   Total Assets
$
25,022

$
33,003

$
(23,154
)
$
34,871

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 Current Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 Accounts Payable
$
108

$
626

$
30

$
764

 Labor and Fringe Benefits Payable
36

407

47

490

 Payable to Affiliates
2,954

437

(3,391
)

 Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves

115

16

131

 Current Maturities of Long-term Debt
1

19


20

 Income and Other Taxes Payable
(87
)
183

12

108

 Other Current Liabilities

437

2

439

   Total Current Liabilities
3,012

2,224

(3,284
)
1,952

 
 
 
 
 
 Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves

219

50

269

 Long-term Debt
9,732

783


10,515

 Deferred Income Taxes
(178
)
9,258

225

9,305

 Other Long-term Liabilities
804

484

(126
)
1,162

   Total Liabilities
$
13,370

$
12,968

$
(3,135
)
$
23,203

 
 
 
 
 
 Shareholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
 Common Stock, $1 Par Value
$
966

$
181

$
(181
)
$
966

 Other Capital
113

5,091

(5,091
)
113

 Retained Earnings
11,238

14,774

(14,774
)
11,238

 Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
(665
)
(31
)
31

(665
)
 Noncontrolling Minority Interest

20

(4
)
16

   Total Shareholders' Equity
$
11,652

$
20,035

$
(20,019
)
$
11,668

   Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity
$
25,022

$
33,003

$
(23,154
)
$
34,871

Certain prior year data has been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.

21

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 11.    Summarized Consolidating Financial Data, continued
Consolidating Cash Flow Statements
(Dollars in millions)
Three months ended March 25, 2016
CSX
Corporation
CSX
Transportation
Eliminations and Other
Consolidated
Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities
$
36

$
834

$
(116
)
$
754

Investing Activities
 

 
 
Property Additions

(391
)
(34
)
(425
)
Purchases of Short-term Investments
(235
)


(235
)
Proceeds from Sales of Short-term Investments
670



670

Other Investing Activities
(1
)
26

6

31

Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Investing Activities
434

(365
)
(28
)
41

Financing Activities
 
 
 
 
Dividends Paid
(173
)
(150
)
150

(173
)
Shares Repurchased
(249
)


(249
)
Other Financing Activities
1

(271
)

(270
)
Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Financing Activities
(421
)
(421
)
150

(692
)
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents
49

48

6

103

Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Period
444

175

9

628

Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Period
$
493

$
223

$
15

$
731




22

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 11.    Summarized Consolidating Financial Data, continued
Consolidating Cash Flow Statements
(Dollars in millions)
Three months ended March 27, 2015
 CSX
Corporation
CSX
Transportation
Eliminations and Other
Consolidated
Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities
$
134

$
871

$
(315
)
$
690

Investing Activities
 
 
 
 
Property Additions

(574
)
(24
)
(598
)
Purchases of Short-term Investments
(105
)


(105
)
Proceeds from Sales of Short-term Investments
105


35

140

Other Investing Activities

(50
)
113

63

Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Investing Activities

(624
)
124

(500
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
 
Dividends Paid
(158
)
(188
)
188

(158
)
Shares Repurchased
(127
)


(127
)
Other Financing Activities
4

(17
)

(13
)
Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Financing Activities
(281
)
(205
)
188

(298
)
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents
(147
)
42

(3
)
(108
)
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Period
510

100

59

669

Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Period
$
363

$
142

$
56

$
561



23


CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

FIRST QUARTER 2016 HIGHLIGHTS

Revenue declined $409 million to $2.6 billion or 14 percent from the prior year's first quarter and included a $95 million year-over-year decline in other revenue related to payments received in 2015 from customers that did not meet volume commitments.

Expenses of $1.9 billion decreased $270 million or 12 percent year over year.

Operating income of $704 million decreased $139 million or 16 percent year over year which also includes the $95 million other revenue decline mentioned above.

Operating ratio of 73.1% increased 90 basis points year over year.

Earnings per share of $0.37 decreased $0.08 or 18 percent year over year.

 
First Quarters
 
2016
2015
Fav /
(Unfav)
% Change
Volume (in thousands)
1,551

1,635

(84
)
(5)%
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
2,618

$
3,027

$
(409
)
(14)%
Expense
1,914

2,184

270

12%
Operating Income
$
704

$
843

$
(139
)
(16)%
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Ratio
73.1
%
72.2
%
(90
)
 bps
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings Per Diluted Share
$
0.37

$
0.45

$
(0.08
)
(18)%

For additional information, refer to Results of Operations discussed on pages 25 through 27.



















24

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Volume and Revenue (Unaudited)
Volume (Thousands of units); Revenue (Dollars in Millions); Revenue Per Unit (Dollars)
First Quarters
 
Volume
 
Revenue
 
Revenue Per Unit
 
2016
 
2015
 
% Change
 
2016
 
2015
 
% Change
 
2016
 
2015
 
% Change
Agricultural
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural Products
99

 
109

 
(9
)%
 
$
263

 
$
291

 
(10
)%
 
$
2,657

 
$
2,670

 
 %
Phosphates and Fertilizers
76

 
78

 
(3
)
 
127

 
136

 
(7
)
 
1,671

 
1,744

 
(4
)
Food and Consumer
22

 
23

 
(4
)
 
60

 
64

 
(6
)
 
2,727

 
2,783

 
(2
)
Industrial
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chemicals
150

 
155

 
(3
)
 
501

 
534

 
(6
)
 
3,340

 
3,445

 
(3
)
Automotive
113

 
101

 
12

 
290

 
267

 
9

 
2,566

 
2,644

 
(3
)
Metals
50

 
61

 
(18
)
 
138

 
154

 
(10
)
 
2,760

 
2,525

 
9

Housing and Construction
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Forest Products
68

 
73

 
(7
)
 
189

 
198

 
(5
)
 
2,779

 
2,712

 
2

Minerals
62

 
60

 
3

 
100

 
103

 
(3
)
 
1,613

 
1,717

 
(6
)
Waste and Equipment
33

 
31

 
6

 
66

 
62

 
6

 
2,000

 
2,000

 

Total Merchandise
673

 
691

 
(3
)
 
1,734

 
1,809

 
(4
)
 
2,577

 
2,618

 
(2
)
Coal
200

 
289

 
(31
)
 
399

 
638

 
(37
)
 
1,995

 
2,208

 
(10
)
Intermodal
678

 
655

 
4

 
405

 
415

 
(2
)
 
597

 
634

 
(6
)
Other


 


 

 
80

 
165

 
(52
)
 

 

 

Total
1,551

 
1,635

 
(5
)%
 
$
2,618

 
$
3,027

 
(14
)%
 
$
1,688

 
$
1,851

 
(9
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

First Quarter 2016
Revenue
Revenue was down $409 million to $2.6 billion from the prior year's first quarter reflecting lower fuel recovery, volume declines and a $95 million year-over-year decline in other revenue related to payments received in 2015 from customers that did not meet volume commitments. These impacts more than offset pricing gains across nearly all markets.

Merchandise
Agricultural Sector
Agricultural Products - Volume fell due to declines in ethanol and feed products, driven by high inventories and low commodity prices, respectively.

Phosphates and Fertilizers - Volume decline was driven by reduced phosphate rock shipments as a result of customer facility repairs, and weak early spring fertilizer demand as farmers have waited to see if commodity pricing will fall further.

Food and Consumer - Lower volume resulted from poor western crop yields in produce and excess truck capacity.


25

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Industrial Sector
Chemicals - Lower volumes resulted from continued declines in crude oil shipments due to low oil prices and unfavorable Brent-Bakken price spreads which more than offset favorability in remaining chemical markets.

Automotive - Volume increased, especially SUV and truck shipments reflecting consumer trends, as a result of continued strong North American light vehicle production and favorable comparisons as last winter’s weather created network challenges in the northeast.

Metals - Despite sequential improvement, volume was down, as lower steel production reflected continued import displacement resulting from a strong U.S. dollar. In addition, the declining energy market negatively impacted shipments of pipe, as a result of reduced rig counts.

Housing and Construction Sector
Forest Products - Volume declined as paper products were negatively impacted by continued industry consolidation cutting capacity, a plant product conversion reducing demand and muted export demand from a strong U.S. dollar.

Minerals -Volume grew, with mild winter weather allowing for an earlier start to the northern aggregates shipping season and the beginning of a long-term fly ash remediation project.

Waste and Equipment - Volume increased as a result of strong municipal and construction waste movements from continued ramp up of a new waste transfer station and higher shipments of power-related machinery moves.
 
Coal
Domestic Utility Coal - Volume declined as continued depressed natural gas prices and mild winter weather kept inventory levels high.

Domestic Coke, Iron Ore and Other - Lower volume resulted from an oversupplied coke market driven by softer domestic steel production.

Export Coal - Volume decreased as a result of a strong U.S. dollar and global oversupply which impacted U.S. competitiveness in the world market for both metallurgical and thermal coal.

Intermodal
Domestic - Domestic volume increased 11 percent, driven by customer growth and continued success with CSX’s highway-to-rail conversion program and new service offerings enhanced by service levels and network investment.

International - International volume declined 7 percent, as competitive losses more than offset strength from remaining customers as well as lower prior year comparable volumes resulting from U.S. West Coast port disruptions.

Other
Other revenue decreased $85 million versus the prior year primarily due to $105 million of payments received in 2015 from customers that did not meet volume commitments, compared to $10 million in the current year.




26

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS



Expenses
Expenses decreased $270 million to $1.9 billion year over year, driven by efficiency gains of $133 million and lower volume-related costs of $64 million as CSX reduced its cost structure in the face of the challenging market environment.  In addition, the reduction in the price of fuel resulted in an expense decline of $78 million for the quarter. Variances versus the prior year's first quarter are described below.

Labor and Fringe expense decreased $83 million due to the following:
Inflation resulted in $23 million of additional cost driven by increased health and welfare costs.
Efficiency savings of $65 million were driven by the Company’s train length initiative which began in the second quarter of prior year, reduced T&E training, structural changes to operating and non-operating support functions, and lower overtime related to service improvements and milder winter weather.
Volume-related costs were $39 million lower.
Other costs decreased $2 million.

Materials, Supplies and Other expense decreased $77 million due to the following:
Inflation resulted in $10 million of additional cost.
Train accidents and casualty costs were $40 million lower as costs per incident for both have declined year over year.
Efficiency savings of $35 million were primarily related to lower operating support costs driven by structural changes, asset reductions, broad cost containment and the impact of a milder winter.
Volume-related costs were $8 million lower.
Other costs decreased $4 million.

Fuel expense decreased $120 million due to the following:
Locomotive fuel price decreased 36% and reduced expense by $74 million. Non-locomotive fuel price reduced expense by $4 million.
Volume-related costs were $22 million lower.
Locomotive fuel reduction technology and process improvement, as well as a milder winter, helped drive $14 million of efficiency. Non-locomotive fuel efficiency also resulted in a $6 million reduction.

Depreciation expense increased $18 million due to a larger asset base.

Equipment and Other Rents expense decreased $8 million due to the following:
Inflation resulted in $6 million additional cost related to rates on automotive and intermodal cars.
Volume-related costs were $5 million higher due to increases in automotive and intermodal activity.
Efficiency savings of $13 million were due to improved car cycle times.
Other costs decreased $6 million.

Interest expense increased $9 million primarily due to higher average debt balances partially offset by lower average interest rates.

Other income - net increased $5 million due to several items including increased yields on investment securities.

Income tax expense decreased $57 million primarily due to lower earnings.







27

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Operating Statistics (Estimated)    


First Quarters
 
2016
2015
Improvement/
(Deterioration)
Safety and Service Measurements
 
 
 
FRA Personal Injury Frequency Index
0.87

0.80

(9
)%
FRA Train Accident Rate
2.53

2.52

 %
 
 
 
 
On-Time Originations
81
%
50
%
62
 %
On-Time Arrivals
64
%
41
%
56
 %
 
 
 
 
Train Velocity
21.1

20.2

4
 %
Dwell
26.0

27.7

6
 %
 
 
 
 
Cars-On-Line
207,357

208,959

1
 %
Certain operating statistics are estimated and can continue to be updated as actuals settle.

Key Performance Measures Definitions
FRA Personal Injury Frequency Index - Number of FRA-reportable injuries per 200,000 man-hours.
FRA Train Accident Rate - Number of FRA-reportable train accidents per million train-miles.
On-Time Originations - Percent of scheduled road trains that depart the origin yard on-time or ahead of schedule.
On-Time Arrivals - Percent of scheduled road trains that arrive at the destination yard on-time to two hours late (30 minutes for intermodal trains).
Train Velocity - Average train speed between terminals in miles per hour (does not include locals, yard jobs, work trains or passenger trains).
Dwell - Average amount of time in hours between car arrival at and departure from the yard. It does not include cars moving through the yard on the same train.
Cars-On-Line - An average count of all cars on the network (does not include locomotives, cabooses, trailers, containers or maintenance equipment).

The Company measures and reports safety and service performance. The Company strives for continuous improvement in these measures through training, innovation and investment. For example, the Company's safety and train accident prevention programs rely on the latest tools, programs and employee participation that strengthen the safety culture in a supportive environment that allows each employee to be successful at CSX. Continued capital investment in the Company's assets, including track, bridges, signals, equipment and detection technology also supports safety performance. CSX safety programs are designed to prevent incidents that can impact employees, customers and the communities we serve.
    
The Company constantly collaborates with the FRA and industry organizations as well as federal, state and local governments on safety innovations and initiatives. For example, CSX and other freight railroads have actively worked with the U.S. Department of Transportation ("DOT") and other key stakeholders to evaluate and implement far-reaching safety enhancements for transportation of certain flammable materials, including essential energy products, on the nation’s freight railroad network.

The number of FRA personal injuries and reportable train accidents both decreased on a year over year basis.  However, CSX’s FRA reportable personal injury frequency index of 0.87 is 9 percent unfavorable year over year due to the significant decline in man-hours, and the FRA train accident rate of 2.53 for the quarter is flat to last year due to the reduction in train miles. The Company remains committed to ongoing improvement, with a focus on avoiding catastrophic events.

    

28

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


CSX’s operating performance represents a significant improvement year-over-year. On-time originations increased to 81 percent and on-time arrivals increased to 64 percent. Average train velocity was 21.1 miles per hour and terminal dwell was 26.0 hours, both an improvement from last year. The Company expects to sustain or improve this level of performance while continuing to drive productivity and resource efficiency.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
The following are material changes in the consolidated balance sheets and sources of liquidity and capital, which provide an update to the discussion included in CSX's most recent annual report on Form 10-K.

Material Changes in Consolidated Balance Sheets and Significant Cash Flows
Consolidated Balance Sheets

Total assets as well as total liabilities and shareholders' equity decreased $261 million from year end primarily driven by a $272 million repayment of seller-financed assets.

Significant Cash Flows
The following table highlights net cash activity for operating, investing and financing activities for three months ended 2016 and 2015.

 
Three Months
 
 
Dollars in millions
2016
2015
 
$ Var
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
754

$
690

 
$
64

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
41

(500
)
 
541

Net cash used in financing activities
(692
)
(298
)
 
(394
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
$
103

$
(108
)
 
$
211


The year-over-year net change in cash flows was $211 million higher than prior year primarily due to the following:

Cash provided by operating activities increased $64 million primarily driven by lower incentive compensation payments and tax payments.

Cash provided by investing activities increased $541 million primarily driven by increased cash from maturities of short-term investments.

Cash used in financing activities increased $394 million primarily related to the repayment of seller-financed assets.
    
    

29

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Planned capital investments for 2016 are expected to be $2.4 billion, including approximately $300 million for Positive Train Control ("PTC"). This $2.4 billion excludes investments related to partially or wholly reimbursable public-private partnerships where reimbursements may not be fully received in the year the reimbursement obligation arises. Approximately half of the 2016 investment will be used to sustain the core infrastructure. The remaining amounts will be allocated to locomotives, freight cars and high return projects supporting long-term profitable growth, productivity initiatives and service improvements. CSX intends to fund capital investments through cash generated from operations.

The Company has incurred significant capital costs in connection with the implementation of PTC and has substantial work ahead. CSX estimates that the total multi-year cost of PTC implementation will be approximately $2.2 billion. This estimate includes costs for installing the new system along tracks, upgrading locomotives, adding communication equipment and developing new technologies. Total PTC spending through March 2016 was $1.6 billion.

Liquidity and Working Capital
As of the end of first quarter 2016, CSX had $1.1 billion of cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. CSX has a $1 billion unsecured revolving credit facility backed by a diverse syndicate of banks. This facility expires in May 2020 and as of the date of this filing, the Company has no outstanding balances under this facility. CSX uses current cash balances for general corporate purposes, which may include reduction or refinancing of outstanding indebtedness, capital expenditures, working capital requirements, contributions to the Company's qualified pension plan, redemptions and repurchases of CSX common stock and dividends to shareholders. See Note 7, Debt and Credit Agreements.

The Company has a receivables securitization facility with a three-year term expiring in June 2017. The purpose of this facility is to provide an alternative to commercial paper and a low cost source of short-term liquidity of up to $250 million, depending on eligible receivables balances. As of the date of this filing, the Company has no outstanding balances under this facility.

Working capital can also be considered a measure of a company's ability to meet its short-term needs. CSX had a working capital surplus of $916 million and $1 billion as of March 2016 and December 2015, respectively. This decrease since year end is primarily due to cash paid for property additions of $425 million, shares repurchased of $249 million and dividends of $173 million. These working capital decreases were partially offset by cash provided from operations of $754 million.

The Company's working capital balance varies due to factors such as the timing of scheduled debt payments and changes in cash and cash equivalent balances as discussed above. The Company continues to maintain adequate liquidity to satisfy current liabilities and maturing obligations when they come due. Furthermore, CSX has sufficient financial capacity, including its revolving credit facility, trade receivable facility and shelf registration statement to manage its day-to-day cash requirements and any anticipated obligations. The Company from time to time accesses the credit markets for additional liquidity.    












30

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires that management make estimates in reporting the amounts of certain assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and certain revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ from those estimates. These estimates and assumptions are discussed with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors on a regular basis. Consistent with the prior year, significant estimates using management judgment are made for the areas below. For further discussion of CSX's critical accounting estimates, see the Company's most recent annual report on Form 10-K.

casualty, environmental and legal reserves;
pension and post-retirement medical plan accounting;
depreciation policies for assets under the group-life method; and
income taxes.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain statements in this report and in other materials filed with the SEC, as well as information included in oral statements or other written statements made by the Company, are forward-looking statements. The Company intends for all such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and the provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act may contain, among others, statements regarding:

projections and estimates of earnings, revenues, margins, volumes, rates, cost-savings, expenses, taxes or other financial items;
expectations as to results of operations and operational initiatives;
expectations as to the effect of claims, lawsuits, environmental costs, commitments, contingent liabilities, labor negotiations or agreements on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity;
management's plans, strategies and objectives for future operations, capital expenditures, dividends, share repurchases, safety and service performance, proposed new services and other matters that are not historical facts, and management's expectations as to future performance and operations and the time by which objectives will be achieved; and
future economic, industry or market conditions or performance and their effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.
Forward-looking statements are typically identified by words or phrases such as "will," "should," “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “project,” “estimate,” “preliminary” and similar expressions. The Company cautions against placing undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect its good faith beliefs with respect to future events and are based on information currently available to it as of the date the forward-looking statement is made. Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the timing when, or by which, such performance or results will be achieved.

31

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties and actual performance or results could differ materially from those anticipated by any forward-looking statements. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement. If the Company does update any forward-looking statement, no inference should be drawn that the Company will make additional updates with respect to that statement or any other forward-looking statements. The following important factors, in addition to those discussed in Part II, Item 1A (Risk Factors) of CSX's most recent annual report on Form 10-K and elsewhere in this report, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by any forward-looking statements:

legislative, regulatory or legal developments involving transportation, including rail or intermodal transportation, the environment, hazardous materials, taxation and initiatives to further regulate the rail industry;
the outcome of litigation, claims and other contingent liabilities, including, but not limited to, those related to fuel surcharge, environmental matters, taxes, shipper and rate claims subject to adjudication, personal injuries and occupational illnesses;
changes in domestic or international economic, political or business conditions, including those affecting the transportation industry (such as the impact of industry competition, conditions, performance and consolidation) and the level of demand for products carried by CSXT;
natural events such as severe weather conditions, including floods, fire, hurricanes and earthquakes, a pandemic crisis affecting the health of the Company's employees, its shippers or the consumers of goods, or other unforeseen disruptions of the Company's operations, systems, property or equipment;
competition from other modes of freight transportation, such as trucking and competition and consolidation within the transportation industry generally;
the cost of compliance with laws and regulations that differ from expectations (including those associated with PTC implementation), as well as costs, penalties and operational and liquidity impacts associated with noncompliance with applicable laws or regulations;
the impact of increased passenger activities in capacity-constrained areas, including potential effects of high speed rail initiatives, or regulatory changes affecting when CSXT can transport freight or service routes;
unanticipated conditions in the financial markets that may affect timely access to capital markets and the cost of capital, as well as management's decisions regarding share repurchases;
changes in fuel prices, surcharges for fuel and the availability of fuel;
the impact of natural gas prices on coal-fired electricity generation;
availability of insurance coverage at commercially reasonable rates or insufficient insurance coverage to cover claims or damages;
the inherent business risks associated with safety and security, including the transportation of hazardous materials or a cybersecurity attack which would threaten the availability and vulnerability of information technology;

32

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


adverse economic or operational effects from actual or threatened war or terrorist activities and any governmental response;
labor and benefit costs and labor difficulties, including stoppages affecting either the Company's operations or customers' ability to deliver goods to the Company for shipment;
the Company's success in implementing its strategic, financial and operational initiatives;
changes in operating conditions and costs or commodity concentrations; and
the inherent uncertainty associated with projecting economic and business conditions.
Other important assumptions and factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are specified elsewhere in this report and in CSX's other SEC reports, which are accessible on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov and the Company's website at www.csx.com. The information on the CSX website is not part of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
There have been no material changes in market risk from the information provided under Part II, Item 7A (Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk) of CSX's most recent annual report on Form 10-K.

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
As of March 25, 2016, under the supervision and with the participation of CSX's Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), management has evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that evaluation, the CEO and CFO concluded that, as of March 25, 2016, the Company's disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level in timely alerting them to material information required to be included in CSX's periodic SEC reports. There were no changes in the Company's internal controls over financial reporting during the first quarter of 2016 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings
For further details, please refer to Note 5. Commitments and Contingencies of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.  Also refer to Part I, Item 3. Legal Proceedings in CSX's most recent annual report on Form 10-K.

Item 1A. Risk Factors
For information regarding factors that could affect the Company's results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, see the risk factors discussed under Part II, Item 7 (Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations) of CSX's most recent annual report on Form 10-K. See also Part I, Item 2 (Forward-Looking Statements) of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.








33

CSX CORPORATION
PART II



Item 2. CSX Purchases of Equity Securities
CSX purchases its own shares for two primary reasons: (1) to further its goals under its share repurchase program and (2) to fund the Company’s contribution required to be paid in CSX common stock under a 401(k) plan that covers certain union employees.

In April 2015, the Company announced a new $2 billion share repurchase program, which is expected to be completed by April 2017. During the first quarters of 2016 and 2015, the Company repurchased approximately $249 million, or ten million shares, and $127 million, or four million shares, respectively. Shares are retired immediately upon repurchase. Management's assessment of market conditions and other factors guides the timing and volume of repurchases. Future share repurchases are expected to be funded by cash on hand, cash generated from operations and debt issuances. In accordance with the Equity Topic in the ASC, the excess of repurchase price over par value is recorded in retained earnings. Generally, retained earnings is only impacted by net earnings and dividends.    
    
Share repurchase activity for the first quarter 2016 was as follows:
 
 CSX Purchases of Equity Securities
for the Quarter
 
First Quarter (a)
Total Number of Shares Purchased
Average Price Paid per Share
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs (b)
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
Beginning Balance
 
 
 
$
1,326,402,817

January
3,012,320

$
24.41

2,889,000

1,255,716,676

February
3,464,700

22.80

3,464,700

1,176,713,562

March
3,955,070

25.24

3,954,400

1,076,922,513

Ending Balance
10,432,090

$
24.19

10,308,100

$
1,076,922,513


(a) First quarter 2016 consisted of the following fiscal periods: January (December 26, 2015 - January 22, 2016), February (January 23, 2016 - February 19, 2016), March (February 20, 2016 - March 25, 2016).
(b) The difference of 123,990 shares between the "Total Number of Shares Purchased" and the "Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs" for the quarter represents shares purchased to fund the Company's contribution to a 401(k) plan that covers certain union employees.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not Applicable
Item 5. Other Information
    None