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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC  20549
 
 
FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended July 31, 2015
 
Commission File No. 001-33866
 
TITAN MACHINERY INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
No. 45-0357838
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
 
644 East Beaton Drive
West Fargo, ND 58078-2648
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
Registrant’s telephone number (701) 356-0130
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  YES  x    NO  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  YES  x    NO  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer  o
 
Accelerated filer  x
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer  o
 
Smaller reporting company  o
(Do not check if smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  YES o    NO  x
 
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock as of August 31, 2015 was: Common Stock, $0.00001 par value, 21,573,553 shares.



TITAN MACHINERY INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
 
Table of Contents

 
 
Page No.
PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of July 31, 2015 and January 31, 2015
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended July 31, 2015 and 2014
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and six months ended July 31, 2015 and 2014
 
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity for the six months ended July 31, 2015 and 2014
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended July 31, 2015 and 2014
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
ITEM 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
ITEM 3.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
ITEM 4.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
PART II.
OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
ITEM 1A.
RISK FACTORS
ITEM 2.
UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
ITEM 3.
DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
ITEM 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
ITEM 5.
OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 6.
EXHIBITS
Signatures
 
Exhibit Index
 

2


PART I. — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.                FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
July 31, 2015
 
January 31, 2015
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
Assets


 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
Cash
$
95,416

 
$
127,528

Receivables (net of allowance of $4,054 and $4,218 as of July 31, 2015 and January 31, 2015, respectively)
70,797

 
76,382

Inventories
877,823

 
879,440

Prepaid expenses and other
5,353

 
10,634

Income taxes receivable
3,834

 
166

Deferred income taxes
18,297

 
19,025

Assets held for sale
11,246

 
15,312

Total current assets
1,082,766

 
1,128,487

Intangibles and Other Assets
 
 
 
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization
5,272

 
5,458

Other
6,490

 
7,122

Total intangibles and other assets
11,762

 
12,580

Property and Equipment, net of accumulated depreciation
186,000

 
208,680

Total Assets
$
1,280,528

 
$
1,349,747

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
18,358

 
$
17,659

Floorplan payable
619,636

 
627,249

Current maturities of long-term debt
6,365

 
7,749

Customer deposits
15,442

 
35,090

Accrued expenses
30,062

 
35,496

Income taxes payable

 
3,529

Liabilities held for sale
2,531

 
2,835

Total current liabilities
692,394

 
729,607

Long-Term Liabilities
 
 
 
Senior convertible notes
134,170

 
132,350

Long-term debt, less current maturities
41,629

 
67,123

Deferred income taxes
39,433

 
38,996

Other long-term liabilities
3,289

 
3,312

Total long-term liabilities
218,521

 
241,781

Commitments and Contingencies


 


Stockholders' Equity
 
 
 
Common stock, par value $.00001 per share, 45,000 shares authorized; 21,574 shares issued and outstanding at July 31, 2015; 21,406 shares issued and outstanding at January 31, 2015

 

Additional paid-in-capital
241,158

 
240,180

Retained earnings
131,120

 
137,418

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(3,492
)
 
(1,099
)
Total Titan Machinery Inc. stockholders' equity
368,786

 
376,499

Noncontrolling interest
827

 
1,860

Total stockholders' equity
369,613

 
378,359

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
$
1,280,528

 
$
1,349,747

 See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

3


TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equipment
$
221,016

 
$
320,087

 
$
465,999

 
$
665,132

Parts
62,081

 
70,526

 
123,601

 
138,905

Service
32,842

 
38,447

 
65,744

 
75,531

Rental and other
18,251

 
21,930

 
32,042

 
36,885

Total Revenue
334,190

 
450,990

 
687,386

 
916,453

Cost of Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equipment
203,152

 
292,879

 
430,185

 
609,161

Parts
43,382

 
49,730

 
86,953

 
97,744

Service
12,327

 
13,529

 
23,687

 
27,932

Rental and other
13,260

 
15,199

 
24,057

 
26,024

Total Cost of Revenue
272,121

 
371,337

 
564,882

 
760,861

Gross Profit
62,069

 
79,653

 
122,504

 
155,592

Operating Expenses
55,385

 
67,795

 
112,495

 
138,947

Impairment and Realignment Costs
(104
)
 
151

 
1,497

 
2,952

Income from Operations
6,788

 
11,707

 
8,512

 
13,693

Other Income (Expense)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income and other income (expense)
837

 
(1,028
)
 
(1,287
)
 
(3,606
)
Floorplan interest expense
(4,744
)
 
(5,308
)
 
(9,343
)
 
(9,901
)
Other interest expense
(3,360
)
 
(3,559
)
 
(7,187
)
 
(7,000
)
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes
(479
)
 
1,812

 
(9,305
)
 
(6,814
)
Provision for (Benefit from) Income Taxes
(649
)
 
2,587

 
(2,585
)
 
854

Net Income (Loss) Including Noncontrolling Interest
$
170

 
$
(775
)
 
$
(6,720
)
 
$
(7,668
)
Less: Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest
164

 
(161
)
 
(422
)
 
(505
)
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Titan Machinery Inc.
$
6

 
$
(614
)
 
$
(6,298
)
 
$
(7,163
)
Net Income (Loss) Allocated to Participating Securities - Note 1

 
11

 
112

 
114

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Titan Machinery Inc. Common Stockholders
$
6

 
$
(603
)
 
$
(6,186
)
 
$
(7,049
)
Earnings (Loss) per Share - Note 1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (Loss) per Share - Basic
$
0.00

 
$
(0.03
)
 
$
(0.29
)
 
$
(0.34
)
Earnings (Loss) per Share - Diluted
$
0.00

 
$
(0.03
)
 
$
(0.29
)
 
$
(0.34
)
Weighted Average Common Shares - Basic
21,105

 
20,986

 
21,075

 
20,969

Weighted Average Common Shares - Diluted
21,217

 
20,986

 
21,075

 
20,969

 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


4


TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Net Income (Loss) Including Noncontrolling Interest
$
170

 
$
(775
)
 
$
(6,720
)
 
$
(7,668
)
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
2,462

 
1,066

 
(3,729
)
 
(154
)
Unrealized gain on net investment hedge derivative instruments, net of tax expense of $84 and $528 for the three months ended July 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $128 and $30 for the six months ended July 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively
126

 
793

 
193

 
46

Unrealized gain (loss) on interest rate swap cash flow hedge derivative instrument, net of tax expense (benefit) of ($42) and ($34) for the three months ended July 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $30 and ($32) for the six months ended July 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively
(63
)
 
(49
)
 
46

 
(46
)
Unrealized gain on foreign currency contract cash flow hedge derivative instruments, net of tax expense of $8 and $29 for the three and six months ended July 31, 2014, respectively

 
12

 

 
44

Reclassification of loss on interest rate swap cash flow hedge derivative instruments included in net income (loss), net of tax benefit of $147 and $319 for the three and six months ended July 31, 2015, respectively
220

 

 
478

 

Reclassification of loss on foreign currency contract cash flow hedge derivative instruments included in net income (loss), net of tax benefit of $0 and $8 for the three months ended July 31, 2015 and July 31, 2014, respectively, and $5 and $14 for the six months ended July 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively

 
11

 
8

 
20

Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
2,745

 
1,833

 
(3,004
)
 
(90
)
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
2,915

 
1,058

 
(9,724
)
 
(7,758
)
Comprehensive Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest
672

 
132

 
(1,033
)
 
(518
)
Comprehensive Income (Loss) Attributable To Titan Machinery Inc.
$
2,243

 
$
926

 
$
(8,691
)
 
$
(7,240
)
 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


5


TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares Outstanding
 
Amount
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Unrealized Gains (Losses) on Net Investment Hedges
 
Unrealized Gains (Losses) on Interest Rate Swap Cash Flow Hedges
 
Unrealized Gains (Losses) on Foreign Currency Contract Cash Flow Hedges
 
Total
 
Total Titan Machinery Inc. Stockholders' Equity
 
Noncontrolling Interest
 
Total Stockholders' Equity
Balance, January 31, 2014
21,261

 
$

 
$
238,857

 
$
169,575

 
$
1,541

 
$
(339
)
 
$
(737
)
 
$
(126
)
 
$
339

 
$
408,771

 
$
2,571

 
$
411,342

Common stock issued on grant of restricted stock (net of forfeitures), exercise of stock options, and tax benefits of equity awards
152

 

 
(50
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(50
)
 

 
(50
)
Stock-based compensation expense

 

 
1,078

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
1,078

 

 
1,078

Other

 

 
(502
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(502
)
 
501

 
(1
)
Comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss

 

 

 
(7,163
)
 

 

 

 

 

 
(7,163
)
 
(505
)
 
(7,668
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 
(141
)
 
46

 
(46
)
 
64

 
(77
)
 
(77
)
 
(13
)
 
(90
)
Total comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(7,240
)
 
(518
)
 
(7,758
)
Balance, July 31, 2014
21,413

 
$

 
$
239,383

 
$
162,412

 
$
1,400

 
$
(293
)
 
$
(783
)
 
$
(62
)
 
$
262

 
$
402,057

 
$
2,554

 
$
404,611

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, January 31, 2015
21,406

 
$

 
$
240,180

 
$
137,418

 
$
(1,632
)
 
$
2,510

 
$
(1,940
)
 
$
(37
)
 
$
(1,099
)
 
$
376,499

 
$
1,860

 
$
378,359

Common stock issued on grant of restricted stock (net of forfeitures), exercise of stock options, and tax benefits of equity awards
168

 

 
(158
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(158
)
 

 
(158
)
Stock-based compensation expense

 

 
1,136

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
1,136

 

 
1,136

Comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss

 

 

 
(6,298
)
 

 

 

 

 

 
(6,298
)
 
(422
)
 
(6,720
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 
(3,118
)
 
193

 
524

 
8

 
(2,393
)
 
(2,393
)
 
(611
)
 
(3,004
)
Total comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(8,691
)
 
(1,033
)
 
(9,724
)
Balance, July 31, 2015
21,574

 
$

 
$
241,158

 
$
131,120

 
$
(4,750
)
 
$
2,703

 
$
(1,416
)
 
$
(29
)
 
$
(3,492
)
 
$
368,786

 
$
827

 
$
369,613


See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

6


TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands) 
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net loss including noncontrolling interest
$
(6,720
)
 
$
(7,668
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss including noncontrolling interest to net cash provided by (used for) operating activities
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
13,824

 
14,746

Impairment
152

 
268

Deferred income taxes
689

 
385

Stock-based compensation expense
1,136

 
1,078

Noncash interest expense
3,018

 
2,326

Unrealized foreign currency (gain) loss on loans to international subsidiaries
816

 
(319
)
Other, net
(245
)
 
(17
)
Changes in assets and liabilities
 
 
 
Receivables, prepaid expenses and other assets
6,296

 
20,350

Inventories
8,910

 
(68,312
)
Manufacturer floorplan payable
186,563

 
(643
)
Accounts payable, customer deposits, accrued expenses and other long-term liabilities
(21,444
)
 
(38,352
)
Income taxes
(7,426
)
 
(3,249
)
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Operating Activities
185,569

 
(79,407
)
Investing Activities
 
 
 
Rental fleet purchases
(250
)
 
(502
)
Property and equipment purchases (excluding rental fleet)
(3,910
)
 
(8,249
)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment
2,201

 
2,444

Proceeds upon settlement of net investment hedge derivative instruments
337

 
1,219

Payments upon settlement of net investment hedge derivative instruments

 
(915
)
Other, net
133

 
24

Net Cash Used for Investing Activities
(1,489
)
 
(5,979
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Net change in non-manufacturer floorplan payable
(190,744
)
 
100,790

Proceeds from long-term debt borrowings
20,058

 
5,832

Principal payments on long-term debt
(44,468
)
 
(5,558
)
Other, net
(573
)
 
(264
)
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Financing Activities
(215,727
)
 
100,800

Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash
(465
)
 
57

Net Change in Cash
(32,112
)
 
15,471

Cash at Beginning of Period
127,528

 
74,242

Cash at End of Period
$
95,416

 
$
89,713

Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information
 
 
 
Cash paid during the period
 
 
 
Income taxes, net of refunds
$
4,093

 
$
3,734

Interest
$
13,401

 
$
13,830

Supplemental Disclosures of Noncash Investing and Financing Activities
 
 
 
Net property and equipment financed with long-term debt, accounts payable and accrued liabilities
$
612

 
$
3,968

Long-term debt extinguished upon sale of property and equipment
$
3,315

 
$

Net transfer of assets to (from) property and equipment from (to) inventories
$
(6,871
)
 
$
7,218


See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

7


TITAN MACHINERY INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
NOTE 1—BUSINESS ACTIVITY AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The unaudited consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The quarterly operating results for Titan Machinery Inc. (the “Company”) are subject to fluctuation due to varying weather patterns, which may impact the timing and amount of equipment purchases, rentals, and after-sales parts and service purchases by the Company’s Agriculture, Construction and International customers. Therefore, operating results for the six-month period ended July 31, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending January 31, 2016. The information contained in the balance sheet as of January 31, 2015 was derived from the audited financial statements for the Company for the year then ended. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2015 as filed with the SEC.
Nature of Business
The Company is engaged in the retail sale, service and rental of agricultural and construction machinery through its stores in the United States and Europe. The Company’s North American stores are located in Arizona, Colorado, Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin and Wyoming, and its European stores are located in Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine. 
Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates, particularly related to realization of inventory, initial valuation and impairment of intangible assets, collectability of receivables, and income taxes.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries. All material accounts, transactions and profits between the consolidated companies have been eliminated in consolidation.
Earnings (Loss) Per Share (“EPS”)
The Company uses the two-class method to calculate basic and diluted EPS. Unvested restricted stock awards are considered participating securities because they entitle holders to non-forfeitable rights to dividends during the vesting term. Under the two-class method, basic EPS were computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to Titan Machinery Inc. after allocation of income (loss) to participating securities by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the year.
Diluted EPS were computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to Titan Machinery Inc. after allocation of income (loss) to participating securities by the weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding after adjusting for potential dilution related to the conversion of all dilutive securities into common stock. All potentially dilutive securities were included in the computation of diluted EPS. There were approximately 112,000 and 225,000 stock options outstanding that were excluded from the computation of diluted EPS for the three months ended July 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively, because they were anti-dilutive. There were approximately 208,000 and 225,000 stock options outstanding that were excluded from the computation of diluted EPS for the six months ended July 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively, because they were anti-dilutive. None of the approximately 3,474,000 shares underlying the Company’s senior convertible notes were included in the computation of diluted EPS because the Company’s average stock price was less than the conversion price of $43.17.

8


The following table sets forth the calculation of the denominator for basic and diluted EPS:
 
Three Months Ended July 31,

Six Months Ended July 31,
 
2015

2014

2015

2014
 
(in thousands, except per share data)

(in thousands, except per share data)
Basic Weighted-Average Common Shares Outstanding
21,105


20,986


21,075


20,969

Plus: Incremental Shares From Assumed Exercise of Stock Options
112







Diluted Weighted-Average Common Shares Outstanding
21,217


20,986


21,075


20,969

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (Loss) per Share - Basic
$
0.00


$
(0.03
)

$
(0.29
)

$
(0.34
)
Earnings (Loss) per Share - Diluted
$
0.00


$
(0.03
)

$
(0.29
)

$
(0.34
)
Recent Accounting Guidance
In May 2014 and August 2015, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on accounting for revenue recognition, codified in ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This guidance supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in ASC 605, Revenue Recognition. This guidance is based on the principle that revenue is recognized to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The guidance also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. The Company will adopt this guidance on February 1, 2018, and will employ one of the two retrospective application methods. The Company has not determined the potential effects adoption of this standard will have on the consolidated financial statements.
In August 2014, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on management's responsibility to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about an entity's ability to continue as a going concern and provide related footnote disclosures, codified in ASC 205-40, Going Concern. The guidance provides a definition of the term substantial doubt, requires an evaluation every reporting period including interim periods, provides principles for considering the mitigating effect of management’s plans, requires certain disclosures when substantial doubt is alleviated as a result of consideration of management’s plans, requires an express statement and other disclosures when substantial doubt is not alleviated, and requires an assessment for a period of one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued). The Company will adopt this guidance for the year-ended January 31, 2017, and it will apply to each interim and annual period thereafter. Its adoption is not expected to have a material effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
In April 2015, the FASB amended authoritative guidance on debt issuance costs, codified in ASC 835-30, Imputation of Interest. The amended guidance changes the balance sheet presentation of debt issuance costs to be a direct deduction from the related debt liability rather than an asset. This guidance is effective for the Company on February 1, 2016, with early adoption permitted. As of July 31, 2015, the Company had debt issuance costs associated with its senior convertible notes and lines of credit that are classified as noncurrent other assets, which upon adoption will be classified as a reduction from the respective liability balances. Its adoption will not have any impact on the Company's consolidated statements of operations.
In July 2015, the FASB amended authoritative guidance on accounting for measurement of inventory, codified in ASC 330, Inventory. The amended guidance requires inventory to be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. This guidance is effective for the Company on February 1, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company has not determined the potential effects adoption of this standard will have on the consolidated financial statements.

9


NOTE 2—INVENTORIES
 
July 31, 2015
 
January 31, 2015
 
(in thousands)
New equipment
$
454,852

 
$
442,984

Used equipment
313,689

 
318,308

Parts and attachments
97,006

 
107,893

Work in process
12,276

 
10,255

 
$
877,823

 
$
879,440

NOTE 3—PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
 
July 31, 2015
 
January 31, 2015
 
(in thousands)
Rental fleet equipment
$
137,310

 
$
148,198

Machinery and equipment
23,762

 
24,071

Vehicles
37,947

 
43,435

Furniture and fixtures
38,487

 
39,421

Land, buildings, and leasehold improvements
57,426

 
57,630

 
294,932

 
312,755

Less accumulated depreciation
(108,932
)
 
(104,075
)
 
$
186,000

 
$
208,680

 
NOTE 4—LINES OF CREDIT / FLOORPLAN PAYABLE
Floorplan Lines of Credit
Floorplan payable balances reflect the amount owed for new equipment inventory purchased from a manufacturer and for used equipment inventory, which is primarily acquired through trade-in on equipment sales. Certain of the manufacturers from which the Company purchases new equipment inventory offer financing on these purchases, either offered directly from the manufacturer or through the manufacturers’ captive finance subsidiaries. CNH Industrial America LLC's captive finance subsidiary, CNH Industrial Capital America LLC ("CNH Industrial Capital"), also provides financing of used equipment inventory. The Company also has floorplan payable balances with non-manufacturer lenders for new and used equipment inventory. Cash flows associated with manufacturer floorplan payable are reported as operating cash flows while cash flows associated with in non-manufacturer floorplan payable are reported as financing cash flows in the Company's consolidated statements of cash flows. The Company has three significant floorplan lines of credit, credit facilities related to its foreign subsidiaries, and other floorplan payable balances with non-manufacturer lenders and manufacturers other than CNH Industrial.
As of July 31, 2015, the Company had discretionary floorplan lines of credit for equipment inventory purchases totaling approximately $1.0 billion, which includes a $275.0 million Floorplan Payable Line with a group of banks led by Wells Fargo Bank, National Association ("Wells Fargo"), a $450.0 million credit facility with CNH Industrial Capital, a $200.0 million credit facility with Agricredit Acceptance LLC and the U.S. dollar equivalent of $116.0 million in credit facilities related to our foreign subsidiaries. Floorplan payables relating to these credit facilities totaled approximately $598.3 million of the total floorplan payable balance of $619.6 million outstanding as of July 31, 2015 and $594.1 million of the total floorplan payable balance of $627.2 million outstanding as of January 31, 2015; the remaining outstanding balances relate to equipment inventory financing from manufacturers and non-manufacturer lenders other than the aforementioned lines of credit. As of July 31, 2015, the interest-bearing U.S. floorplan payables carried various interest rates primarily ranging from 3.31% to 5.03%, and the foreign floorplan payables carried various interest rates primarily ranging from 1.81% to 12.00%.
Working Capital Line of Credit
As of July 31, 2015, the Company had a $87.5 million working capital line of credit under the credit facility with Wells Fargo. The Company had $18.7 million outstanding on its working capital line of credit as of July 31, 2015 and January 31, 2015. Amounts outstanding are recorded as long-term debt, within long-term liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets, as the Company does not have an obligation to repay amounts borrowed within one year.

10


NOTE 5—SENIOR CONVERTIBLE NOTES
The Company’s 3.75% Senior Convertible Notes issued on April 24, 2012 (“Convertible Notes”) consisted of the following:
 
July 31, 2015
 
January 31, 2015
 
(in thousands except conversion
rate and conversion price)
Principal value
$
150,000

 
$
150,000

Unamortized debt discount
(15,830
)
 
(17,650
)
Carrying value of senior convertible notes
$
134,170

 
$
132,350

 
 
 
 
Carrying value of equity component, net of deferred taxes
$
15,546

 
$
15,546

 
 
 
 
Conversion rate (shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of notes)
23.1626

 
 
Conversion price (per share of common stock)
$
43.17

 
 
The Company recognized interest expense associated with its Senior Convertible Notes as follows:
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(in thousands)
(in thousands)
Cash Interest Expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Coupon interest expense
$
1,407

 
$
1,407

 
$
2,813

 
$
2,813

Noncash Interest Expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of debt discount
926

 
864

 
1,820

 
1,699

Amortization of transaction costs
138

 
134

 
274

 
267

 
$
2,471

 
$
2,405

 
$
4,907

 
$
4,779

The Senior Convertible Notes mature on May 1, 2019, unless earlier purchased by the Company, redeemed or converted. As of July 31, 2015, the unamortized debt discount will be amortized over a remaining period of approximately 3.75 years. As of July 31, 2015 and January 31, 2015, the if-converted value of the Senior Convertible Notes did not exceed the principal balance. The effective interest rate of the liability component was equal to 7.0% for each of the statements of operations periods presented.
NOTE 6—DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
The Company holds derivative instruments for the purpose of minimizing exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates to which the Company is exposed in the normal course of its operations.
Net Investment Hedges
To protect the value of the Company’s investments in its foreign operations against adverse changes in foreign currency exchange rates, the Company may, from time to time, hedge a portion of its net investment in one or more of its foreign subsidiaries. Gains and losses on derivative instruments that are designated and effective as a net investment hedge are included in other comprehensive income and only reclassified into earnings in the period during which the hedged net investment is sold or liquidated. Any hedge ineffectiveness is recognized in earnings immediately.
Cash Flow Hedges
On October 9, 2013, the Company entered into a forward-starting interest rate swap instrument which has a notional amount of $100.0 million, an effective date of September 30, 2014 and a maturity date of September 30, 2018. The objective of the instrument is to, beginning on September 30, 2014, protect the Company from changes in benchmark interest rates to which the Company is exposed through certain of its variable interest rate credit facilities. The instrument provides for a fixed interest rate of 1.901% up to the maturity date.
The Company may, from time to time, hedge foreign currency exchange rate risk arising from inventory purchases denominated in Canadian dollars through the use of foreign currency forward contracts. The maximum length of time over

11


which the Company hedges its exposure to the variability in future cash flows associated with the Canadian dollar purchasing is less than 12 months.
The interest rate swap instrument and foreign currency contracts have been designated as cash flow hedging instruments and accordingly changes in the effective portion of the fair value of the instruments are recorded in other comprehensive income and only reclassified into earnings in the period(s) in which the related hedged item affects earnings or the anticipated underlying hedged transactions are no longer probable of occurring. Any hedge ineffectiveness is recognized in earnings immediately.
Derivative Instruments Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to hedge the effects of fluctuations in exchange rates on outstanding intercompany loans. The Company does not formally designate and document such derivative instruments as hedging instruments; however, the instruments are an effective economic hedge of the underlying foreign currency exposure. Both the gain or loss on the derivative instrument and the offsetting gain or loss on the underlying intercompany loan are recognized in earnings immediately, thereby eliminating or reducing the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations on net income.
The following table sets forth the notional value of the Company's outstanding derivative instruments.
 
Notional Amount as of:
 
July 31, 2015
 
January 31, 2015
 
(in thousands)
Net investment hedge:
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts
$
6,443

 
$
14,223

Cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
Interest rate swap
100,000

 
100,000

Foreign currency contracts

 

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts
26,122

 
30,030

The following table sets forth the fair value of the Company’s outstanding derivative instruments.
 
Fair Value as of:
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
July 31, 2015
 
January 31, 2015
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Liability Derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
Net investment hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts
$
35

 
$
19

 
Accrued expenses
Cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap
2,377

 
3,233

 
Accrued expenses
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts
108

 
17

 
Accrued expenses
Total Liability Derivatives
$
2,520

 
$
3,269

 
 

12


The following table sets forth the gains and losses recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) ("OCI") and income (loss) related to the Company’s derivative instruments for the three and six months ended July 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
OCI
 
Income (Loss)
 
OCI
 
Income (Loss)
 
OCI
 
Income (Loss)
 
OCI
 
Income (Loss)
 
Statements of Operations Classification
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Dervatives Designated as Hedging Instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net investment hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts
$
210

 
$

 
$
1,321

 
$

 
$
321

 
$

 
$
76

 
$

 
N/A
Cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap (a)
(105
)
 
(454
)
 
(83
)
 

 
76

 
(884
)
 
(78
)
 

 
Floorplan interest expense / Interest income and other income (expense)
Foreign currency contracts

 

 
20

 
(21
)
 

 
(13
)
 
73

 
(35
)
 
Cost of revenue - equipment
Dervatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts

 
723

 

 
1,449

 

 
805

 

 
146

 
Interest income and other income (expense)
Total Derivatives
$
105

 
$
269

 
$
1,258

 
$
1,428

 
$
397

 
$
(92
)
 
$
71

 
$
111

 
 
 
(a) Included in the Income (Loss) amounts under the Company's interest rate swap for the three and six months ended July 31, 2015, is hedge ineffectiveness loss of $0.1 million. This expense was recorded in interest income and other income (expense) in the consolidated statements of operations. The remaining amounts for the three and six months ended July 31, 2015 are reclassification amounts from accumulated other comprehensive income and are recorded in floorplan interest expense in the consolidated statements of operations. No ineffectiveness was recognized for the three and six months ended July 31, 2014.
No components of the Company's net investment or cash flow hedging instruments were excluded from the assessment of hedge ineffectiveness.
As of July 31, 2015, the Company had $2.4 million in pre-tax net unrealized losses associated with its interest rate swap cash flow hedging instrument recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income. The Company expects that $1.4 million of pre-tax unrealized losses associated with its interest rate swap will be reclassified into income over the next 12 months.
NOTE 7—FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
The liabilities which are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of July 31, 2015 and January 31, 2015 are as follows:
 
July 31, 2015
 
January 31, 2015
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
Financial Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap
$

 
$
2,377

 
$

 
$
2,377

 
$

 
$
3,233

 
$

 
$
3,233

Foreign currency contracts

 
143

 

 
143

 

 
36

 

 
36

Total Financial Liabilities
$

 
$
2,520

 
$

 
$
2,520

 
$

 
$
3,269

 
$

 
$
3,269

The valuation for the Company's foreign currency contracts and interest rate swap derivative instruments were valued using discounted cash flow analyses, an income approach, utilizing readily observable market data as inputs.
The Company also has financial instruments that are not recorded at fair value in its consolidated financial statements. The carrying amount of cash, receivables, payables, short-term debt and other current liabilities approximates fair value

13


because of the short maturity and/or frequent repricing of those instruments, which are Level 2 fair value inputs. Based upon current borrowing rates with similar maturities, which are Level 2 fair value inputs, the carrying value of long-term debt approximates the fair value as of July 31, 2015 and January 31, 2015, respectively. The following table provides details on the Senior Convertible Notes as of July 31, 2015 and January 31, 2015. The difference between the face value and the carrying value of these notes is the result of the allocation between the debt and equity components. Fair value of the Senior Convertible Notes was estimated based on Level 2 fair value inputs.
 
July 31, 2015
 
January 31, 2015
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Face Value
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Face Value
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
Senior convertible notes
$
122,607

 
$
134,170

 
$
150,000

 
$
111,273

 
$
132,350

 
$
150,000

NOTE 8—SEGMENT INFORMATION AND OPERATING RESULTS
The Company has three reportable segments: Agriculture, Construction and International. During the three months ended April 30, 2015, the Company made changes to its internal financial reporting, primarily related to the elimination of transactions within a segment. Previously, the segment results were reported at gross amounts with eliminations reported separately to reconcile to consolidated financial results. During the three months ended April 30, 2015, the Company began reporting these eliminations within the segments to which they relate. The financial information as of January 31, 2015 and for the three and six months ended July 31, 2014 have been reclassified for comparability with the current year presentation.
Revenue between segments is immaterial. The Company retains various unallocated income/(expense) items and assets at the general corporate level, which the Company refers to as “Shared Resources” in the table below. Shared Resources assets primarily consist of cash, deferred tax assets and property and equipment.
Certain financial information for each of the Company’s business segments is set forth below. 
 
Three Months Ended July 31,

Six Months Ended July 31,
 
2015

2014

2015

2014
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture
$
209,449

 
$
305,721

 
$
449,304

 
$
650,102

Construction
81,407

 
101,747

 
162,578

 
193,512

International
43,334

 
43,522

 
75,504

 
72,839

Total
$
334,190

 
$
450,990

 
$
687,386

 
$
916,453

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture
$
(2,440
)
 
$
6,494

 
$
(3,526
)
 
$
9,999

Construction
(937
)
 
(368
)
 
(4,502
)
 
(6,361
)
International
946

 
(5,016
)
 
(3,425
)
 
(10,281
)
Segment income (loss) before income taxes
(2,431
)
 
1,110

 
(11,453
)
 
(6,643
)
Shared Resources
1,952

 
702

 
2,148

 
(171
)
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes
$
(479
)
 
$
1,812

 
$
(9,305
)
 
$
(6,814
)
 
 
July 31, 2015
 
January 31, 2015
 
(in thousands)
Total Assets
 
 
 
Agriculture
$
644,644

 
$
734,894

Construction
360,637

 
393,573

International
144,929

 
152,587

Segment assets
1,150,210

 
1,281,054

Shared Resources
130,318

 
68,693

Total
$
1,280,528

 
$
1,349,747


14


NOTE 9—STORE CLOSINGS AND REALIGNMENT COSTS
To better align the Company's cost structure and re-balance staffing levels with the evolving needs of the business, in March 2015, the Company approved a realignment plan that reduced its headcount by approximately 14%, which included headcount reductions at stores in each of its operating segments and its Shared Resource Center, as well as from the closing of three Agriculture stores and one Construction store. The Company's remaining stores in each of the respective areas assumed the distribution rights for the CNH Industrial brand previously held by the closed stores. The Company estimates the total cost of these activities to be approximately $2.0 million, comprised of an accrual for the net present value of remaining lease obligations, employee severance costs, impairment of certain fixed assets and costs associated with relocation of assets from the closed stores. The Company recognized approximately $0.1 million in realigment costs primarily in its International segment in its fourth quarter ended January 31, 2015, and recognized $1.5 million in the six months ended July 31, 2015.
To better align its Construction business in certain markets, in April 2014, the Company reduced its Construction-related headcount by approximately 12% primarily through the closing of seven underperforming Construction stores, staff reductions at other dealerships and reductions in support staff at its Shared Resource Center. The Company also closed one Agriculture store. The Company's remaining stores in each of the respective areas assumed the majority of the distribution rights for the CNH Industrial brand previously held by the closed stores. The majority of the assets of the closed stores were redeployed to other store locations. Certain inventory items which are not sold by any of our remaining stores were sold at auction. The inventory markdown attributable to such items are included in the exit cost summary below. The Company incurred $3.4 million in exit costs in the six months ended July 31, 2014. No additional amounts are expected to be incurred related to the closing of these stores, exclusive of any changes in lease termination accrual assumptions.

15


The following summarizes the exit costs associated with the aforementioned store closings and realignment activities:
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
Income Statement Classification
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Construction Segment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lease termination costs
$

 
$
(7
)
 
$
261

 
$
1,511

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
Employee severance costs
(18
)
 

 
240

 
451

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
Impairment of fixed assets, net of gains on asset disposition
(80
)
 
(212
)
 
10

 
(60
)
 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
Asset relocation and other closing costs
14

 
197

 
68

 
362

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
 
$
(84
)
 
$
(22
)
 
$
579

 
$
2,264

 
 
Agriculture Segment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lease termination costs
$
(160
)
 
$
34

 
$
91

 
$
148

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
Employee severance costs
29

 

 
333

 
71

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
Impairment of fixed assets, net of gains on asset disposition
96

 

 
96

 
85

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
Asset relocation and other closing costs
8

 
52

 
93

 
84

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
Inventory cost adjustments

 
67

 

 
471

 
Equipment Cost of Sales
 
$
(27
)
 
$
153

 
$
613

 
$
859

 
 
Shared Resource Center
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lease termination costs
$

 
$

 
$
49

 
$

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
Employee severance costs

 
87

 
187

 
300

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
Impairment of fixed assets, net of gains on asset disposition
7

 

 
69

 

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
 
$
7

 
$
87

 
$
305

 
$
300

 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lease termination costs
$
(160
)
 
$
27

 
$
401

 
$
1,659

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
Employee severance costs
11

 
87

 
760

 
822

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
Impairment of fixed assets, net of gains on asset disposition
23

 
(212
)
 
175

 
25

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
Asset relocation and other closing costs
22

 
249

 
161

 
446

 
Impairment and Realignment Costs
Inventory cost adjustments

 
67

 

 
471

 
Equipment Cost of Sales
 
$
(104
)
 
$
218

 
$
1,497

 
$
3,423

 
A reconciliation of the beginning and ending exit cost liability balance, which is included in accrued expenses in the consolidated balance sheets, follows:
 
Amount
 
(in thousands)
Balance, January 31, 2015
$
1,706

Exit costs incurred and charged to expense
 
Lease termination costs
401

Employee severance costs
760

Exit costs paid
 
Lease termination costs
(331
)
Employee severance costs
(740
)
Balance, July 31, 2015
$
1,796


16


NOTE 10—HELD FOR SALE
The assets and liabilities which are held for sale are presented in the following table:
 
July 31, 2015
 
January 31, 2015
 
(in thousands)
Assets Held for Sale
 
 
 
Receivables
$
85

 
$
147

Inventories
 
 
 
New equipment
2,919

 
6,269

Used equipment
2,818

 
3,973

Parts and attachments
457

 
920

Work in process
15

 
65

Total inventories
6,209

 
11,227

Property and equipment
 
 
 
Machinery and equipment
44

 
114

Vehicles
72

 
155

Furniture and fixtures
24

 
57

Land, buildings, and leasehold improvements
4,812

 
3,612

Total property and equipment
4,952

 
3,938

 
$
11,246

 
$
15,312

 
 
 
 
Liabilities Held for Sale
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
47

 
$
151

Floorplan payable
2,470

 
1,771

Customer deposits
14

 
913

 
$
2,531

 
$
2,835


NOTE 11—INCOME TAXES
The Company incurs a provision for income taxes in jurisdictions in which it has taxable income. Generally the Company receives a benefit for income taxes in jurisdictions in which it has taxable losses unless it has recorded a valuation allowance for that jurisdiction. These losses are available to reduce future taxable income in these jurisdictions if earned within the allowable net operating loss carryforward period. The foreign jurisdictions in which the Company operates have net operating loss carryforward periods ranging from five to seven years, with certain jurisdictions having indefinite carryforward periods.
The components of income (loss) before income taxes are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
U.S.
$
(1,396
)
 
$
6,823

 
$
(5,884
)
 
$
3,599

Foreign
917

 
(5,011
)
 
(3,421
)
 
(10,413
)
Total
$
(479
)
 
$
1,812

 
$
(9,305
)
 
$
(6,814
)

17


A reconciliation of the statutory federal income tax rate to the Company's effective income tax rate is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
U.S. statutory rate
(35.0
)%
 
35.0
 %
 
(35.0
)%
 
(35.0
)%
Foreign statutory rates
(56.8
)%
 
61.5
 %
 
8.2
 %
 
27.9
 %
State taxes on income net of federal tax benefit
(4.2
)%
 
4.3
 %
 
(4.2
)%
 
(4.3
)%
Change in valuation allowance
(389.1
)%
 
55.8
 %
 
15.4
 %
 
67.7
 %
Tax effect of Ukrainian hryvnia devaluation(a)
352.2
 %
 
(14.7
)%
 
(9.1
)%
 
(42.4
)%
All other, net
(2.6
)%
 
0.9
 %
 
(3.1
)%
 
(1.4
)%

(135.5
)%
 
142.8
 %
 
(27.8
)%
 
12.5
 %
 
(a) Represents the tax impact of differences in foreign currency losses recognized as the result of Ukrianian hryvnia devaluation between Ukrainian taxable income (loss) and financial reporting income (loss).
NOTE 12—SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Effective September 1, 2015, the Company amended its credit facility with Agricredit Acceptance LLC. The amendment reduced the available lines of credit from $200.0 million to $172.0 million and changed the interest rate on outstanding balances from three-month LIBOR plus an applicable margin of 4.75% to 5.25% to one-month LIBOR plus an applicable margin of 4.86% to 5.36%, amongst other things. As a result of this amendment, and without adjusting the U.S. dollar amount of the Company's credit facilities related to its foreign subsidiaries based on current foreign currency exchange rates, the Company's total discretionary floorplan payable lines of credit for equipment purchases was reduced from approximately $1.04 billion to $1.01 billion as of September 1, 2015.

18


ITEM 2.                        MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our interim unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Item 1 of Part I of this Quarterly Report, and the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2015.
 
Realignment Costs
To better align our cost structure and re-balance staffing levels with the evolving needs of the business, in March 2015, we approved a realignment plan that reduced our headcount by approximately 14%, which included headcount reductions at stores in each of our operating segments and our Shared Resource Center, as well as from the closing of three Agriculture stores and one Construction store. Our remaining stores in each of the respective areas assumed the distribution rights for the CNH Industrial brand previously held by the closed stores. The Company estimates the total cost of these activities to be approximately $2.0 million, comprised of an accrual for the net present value of remaining lease obligations, employee severance costs, impairment of certain fixed assets and costs associated with relocation of assets from the closed stores. We recognized $1.5 million in exit costs during the six months ended July 31, 2015.
To better align our Construction business in certain markets, in April 2014, we reduced our Construction-related headcount by approximately 12% primarily through the closing of seven underperforming Construction stores, staff reductions at other dealerships and reductions in support staff at our Shared Resource Center. We also closed one Agriculture store. Our remaining stores in each of the respective areas assumed the majority of the distribution rights for the CNH Industrial brand previously held by the stores which have closed. We recognized $3.4 million in exit costs during the six months ended July 31, 2014.
See also the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section below for the impact of these costs on non-GAAP Diluted EPS.
Foreign Currency Remeasurement Losses
In February of 2014, the National Bank of Ukraine terminated the currency peg of the Ukrainian hryvnia ("UAH") to the USD; subsequent to the decoupling and as a result of the economic and political conditions present in the country, the UAH experienced significant devaluation from the date the currency peg was terminated through July 2015. We recognized foreign currency remeasurement losses resulting from a devaluation of the UAH totaling $0.1 million and $1.3 million for the three months ended July 31, 2015 and July 31, 2014, respectively, and $2.1 million and $4.4 million for the six months ended July 31, 2015 and July 31, 2014, respectively. These losses are included in interest income and other income (expense) in our consolidated statements of operations. See also the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section below for impact of these costs on non-GAAP Diluted EPS.
Segment Reporting
During the three months ended April 30, 2015, the Company made changes to its internal financial reporting, primarily related to the elimination of transactions within a segment. Previously, the segment results were reported at gross amounts with eliminations reported separately to reconcile to consolidated financial results. During the three months ended April 30, 2015, the Company began reporting these eliminations within the segments to which they relate. The financial information for the three and six months ended July 31, 2014 have been reclassified for comparability with the current year presentation.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
There have been no material changes in our Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates, as disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2015.

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Overview
We own and operate a network of full service agricultural and construction equipment stores in the United States and Europe. Based upon information provided to us by CNH Industrial N.V. or its U.S. subsidiary CNH Industrial America, LLC, we are the largest retail dealer of Case IH Agriculture equipment in the world, the largest retail dealer of Case Construction equipment in North America and a major retail dealer of New Holland Agriculture and New Holland Construction equipment in the U.S. We operate our business through three reportable segments, Agriculture, Construction and International. Within each segment, we have four principal sources of revenue: new and used equipment sales, parts sales, service, and equipment rental and other activities.
Our net income (loss) attributable to Titan Machinery Inc. common stockholders was $0.0 million, or $0.00 per diluted share, for the three months ended July 31, 2015, compared to net loss attributable to Titan Machinery Inc. common stockholders of $0.6 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, for the three months ended July 31, 2014. Our non-GAAP diluted earnings per share was $0.00 for the three months ended July 31, 2015 and non-GAAP diluted earnings per share was $0.04 for the three months ended July 31, 2014. See the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section below for a reconciliation between the GAAP and non-GAAP measures. Significant factors impacting the quarterly comparisons were:
Revenue decreased 25.9% for the second quarter of fiscal 2016, as compared to the second quarter last year, primarily due to a decrease in Agriculture and Construction same-store sales;
Total gross profit margin increased to 18.6% for the second quarter of fiscal 2016, as compared to 17.7% for the second quarter of fiscal 2015, primarily caused by a change in gross profit mix to our higher-margin parts and service businesses;
Operating expenses decreased 18.3% for the second quarter of fiscal 2016, as compared to the second quarter last year, primarily due to our realignment plan implemented in the first quarter of fiscal 2016 which decreased our headcount by 14% and generated additional cost savings from the closing of four stores during the quarter.
Results of Operations
The results shown below include the operating results of the acquisitions made during these periods. The period-to-period comparisons included below are not necessarily indicative of future results. Segment information is provided later in this discussion and analysis of our results of operations.
Same-store sales for any period represent sales by stores that were part of the Company for the entire comparable periods in the current and preceding fiscal years. We do not distinguish relocated or newly-expanded stores in this same-store analysis. Closed stores are excluded from the same-store analysis. Stores that do not meet the criteria for same-store classification are described as excluded stores throughout the Results of Operations section in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

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Comparative financial data for each of our four sources of revenue are expressed below.
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
(dollars in thousands)
Equipment
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

Revenue
$
221,016

 
$
320,087

 
$
465,999

 
$
665,132

Cost of revenue
203,152

 
292,879

 
430,185

 
609,161

Gross profit
$
17,864

 
$
27,208

 
$
35,814

 
$
55,971

Gross profit margin
8.1
%
 
8.5
%
 
7.7
%
 
8.4
%
Parts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
62,081

 
$
70,526

 
$
123,601

 
$
138,905

Cost of revenue
43,382

 
49,730

 
86,953

 
97,744

Gross profit
$
18,699

 
$
20,796

 
$
36,648

 
$
41,161

Gross profit margin
30.1
%
 
29.5
%
 
29.7
%
 
29.6
%
Service
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
32,842

 
$
38,447

 
$
65,744

 
$
75,531

Cost of revenue
12,327

 
13,529

 
23,687

 
27,932

Gross profit
$
20,515

 
$
24,918

 
$
42,057

 
$
47,599

Gross profit margin
62.5
%
 
64.8
%
 
64.0
%
 
63.0
%
Rental and other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
18,251

 
$
21,930

 
$
32,042

 
$
36,885

Cost of revenue
13,260

 
15,199

 
24,057

 
26,024