Attached files

file filename
EX-10.5 - EX-10.5 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex105.htm
EX-10.2 - EX-10.2 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex102.htm
EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex321.htm
EX-10.6 - EX-10.6 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex106.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex312.htm
EX-10.8 - EX-10.8 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex108.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex311.htm
EX-32.2 - EX-32.2 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex322.htm
EX-12.1 - EX-12.1 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex121.htm
EX-10.4 - EX-10.4 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex104.htm
EX-31.4 - EX-31.4 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex314.htm
EX-31.3 - EX-31.3 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex313.htm
EX-12.2 - EX-12.2 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex122.htm
EX-10.1 - EX-10.1 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex101.htm
EX-10.3 - EX-10.3 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex103.htm
EX-10.7 - EX-10.7 - United Continental Holdings, Inc.d941677dex107.htm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

 

 

 

LOGO

 

Commission

File Number

 

Exact Name of Registrant as

Specified in its Charter, Principal

Executive Office Address and

Telephone Number

 

State of

Incorporation

 

I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.

001-06033

 

United Continental Holdings, Inc.

233 South Wacker Drive,

Chicago, Illinois 60606

(872) 825-4000

  Delaware   36-2675207

001-10323

 

United Airlines, Inc.

233 South Wacker Drive,

Chicago, Illinois 60606

(872) 825-4000

  Delaware   74-2099724

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

  United Continental Holdings, Inc.   Yes  x    No  ¨   
  United Airlines, Inc.   Yes  x    No  ¨   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this Chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

 

  United Continental Holdings, Inc.   Yes  x    No  ¨   
  United Airlines, Inc.   Yes  x    No  ¨   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

United Continental

Holdings, Inc.

  Large accelerated filer  x   Accelerated filer  ¨   Non-accelerated filer  ¨   Smaller reporting company  ¨

United Airlines, Inc.

  Large accelerated filer  ¨   Accelerated filer  ¨   Non-accelerated filer  x   Smaller reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

 

 

United Continental Holdings, Inc.

  Yes  ¨    No  x   
 

United Airlines, Inc.

  Yes  ¨    No  x   

The number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock as of July 14, 2015 is shown below:

 

United Continental Holdings, Inc.

   377,762,286 shares of common stock ($0.01 par value)

United Airlines, Inc.

  

1,000 (100% owned by United Continental Holdings, Inc.)

There is no market for United Airlines, Inc. common stock.

OMISSION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION

This combined Form 10-Q is separately filed by United Continental Holdings, Inc. and United Airlines, Inc. United Airlines, Inc. meets the conditions set forth in General Instruction H(1)(a) and (b) of Form 10-Q and is therefore filing this form with the reduced disclosure format allowed under that General Instruction.


United Continental Holdings, Inc.

United Airlines, Inc.

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended June 30, 2015

 

                 Page          
  PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION   

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements

  
 

United Continental Holdings, Inc.:

  
 

Statements of Consolidated Operations

     3   
 

Statements of Consolidated Comprehensive Income (Loss)

     4   
 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

     5   
 

Condensed Statements of Consolidated Cash Flows

     7   
  United Airlines, Inc.:   
 

Statements of Consolidated Operations

     8   
 

Statements of Consolidated Comprehensive Income (Loss)

     9   
 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

     10   
 

Condensed Statements of Consolidated Cash Flows

     12   
  Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(United Continental Holdings, Inc. and United Airlines, Inc.)
     13   

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     27   

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     39   

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

     40   
  PART II. OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

     41   

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     41   

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

     41   

Signatures

     42   

Exhibit Index

     43   


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

(In millions, except per share amounts)

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,      Six Months Ended June 30,  
           2015                  2014                  2015                  2014        

Operating revenue:

           

Passenger—Mainline

    $ 6,961        $ 7,148        $ 12,899        $ 12,996    

Passenger—Regional

     1,715          1,833          3,197          3,369    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total passenger revenue

     8,676          8,981          16,096          16,365    

Cargo

     229          232          471          441    

Other operating revenue

     1,009          1,116          1,955          2,219    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     9,914          10,329          18,522          19,025    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating expense:

           

Salaries and related costs

     2,454          2,187          4,755          4,340    

Aircraft fuel

     2,106          3,101          3,970          6,018    

Regional capacity purchase

     583          591          1,153          1,150    

Landing fees and other rent

     553          567          1,096          1,139    

Depreciation and amortization

     445          417          874          826    

Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs

     431          471          828          929    

Distribution expenses

     348          346          660          664    

Aircraft rent

     194          222          395          446    

Special charges (Note 10)

     55          169          119          221    

Other operating expenses

     1,300          1,352          2,486          2,735    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     8,469          9,423          16,336          18,468    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income

     1,445          906          2,186          557    
           

Nonoperating income (expense):

           

Interest expense

     (167)         (186)         (340)         (373)   

Interest capitalized

     13          13          25          27    

Interest income

                     11            

Miscellaneous, net (Note 10)

     (100)         54          (174)         (35)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     (248)         (115)         (478)         (372)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     1,197          791          1,708          185    

Income tax expense

                               
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 1,193        $ 789        $ 1,701        $ 180    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings per share, basic

   $ 3.14        $ 2.12        $ 4.46        $ 0.48    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings per share, diluted

   $ 3.14        $ 2.01        $ 4.45        $ 0.47    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

3


UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)

(In millions)

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,      Six Months Ended June 30,  
           2015                  2014                  2015                  2014        

Net income

    $ 1,193         $ 789        $ 1,701        $ 180    
           

Other comprehensive income (loss), net change related to:

           

Fuel derivative financial instruments

     147          32          233          25    

Employee benefit plans

     28          (18)         30          (39)   

Investments and other

     (10)         (5)                 (5)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     165                  267          (19)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income, net

    $ 1,358         $ 798        $ 1,968        $ 161    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

4


UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In millions, except shares)

 

     (Unaudited)
June 30, 2015
     December 31, 2014  

ASSETS

     

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 2,796        $ 2,002    

Short-term investments

     2,189          2,382    

Receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts (2015—$22; 2014—$22)

     1,471          1,146    

Fuel hedge collateral deposits

     181          577    

Aircraft fuel, spare parts and supplies, less obsolescence allowance (2015—$187; 2014—$169)

     656          666    

Deferred income taxes

     619          591    

Prepaid expenses and other

     881          774    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     8,793          8,138    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating property and equipment:

     

Owned—

     

Flight equipment

     22,555          21,107    

Other property and equipment

     4,220          4,016    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     26,775          25,123    

Less—Accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (7,726)         (7,079)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     19,049          18,044    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     

Purchase deposits for flight equipment

     951          706    
     

Capital leases—

     

Flight equipment

     1,300          1,272    

Other property and equipment

     332          331    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,632          1,603    

Less—Accumulated amortization

     (931)         (886)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     701          717    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     20,701          19,467    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other assets:

     

Goodwill

     4,523          4,523    

Intangibles, less accumulated amortization (2015—$1,093; 2014—$1,049)

     4,220          4,284    

Restricted cash

     214          276    

Other, net

     916          665    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     9,873          9,748    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 39,367        $ 37,353    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(continued on next page)

 

5


UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In millions, except shares)

 

     (Unaudited)
June 30, 2015
     December 31, 2014  

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

     

Current liabilities:

     

Advance ticket sales

    $ 5,175         $ 3,701    

Frequent flyer deferred revenue

     2,116          2,058    

Accounts payable

     2,322          1,882    

Accrued salaries and benefits

     1,846          1,818    

Current maturities of long-term debt

     1,047          1,313    

Current maturities of capital leases

     111          110    

Fuel derivative instruments

     401          694    

Other

     792          932    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     13,810          12,508    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     

Long-term debt

     9,938          10,121    

Long-term obligations under capital leases

     563          571    
     

Other liabilities and deferred credits:

     

Frequent flyer deferred revenue

     2,873          2,879    

Postretirement benefit liability

     1,927          1,933    

Pension liability

     1,468          2,226    

Advanced purchase of miles

     1,124          1,217    

Deferred income taxes

     1,623          1,591    

Lease fair value adjustment, net

     410          466    

Other

     1,509          1,445    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     10,934          11,757    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

     

Stockholders’ equity:

     

Preferred stock

     —          —    

Common stock at par, $0.01 par value; authorized 1,000,000,000 shares; outstanding 378,838,875 and 374,525,916 shares at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively

               

Additional capital invested

     7,938          7,721    

Accumulated deficit

     (2,182)         (3,883)   

Stock held in treasury, at cost

     (826)         (367)   

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

     (812)         (1,079)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     4,122          2,396    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
    $ 39,367         $ 37,353    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

6


UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

(In millions)

 

     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2015      2014  

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

     

Net cash provided by operating activities

    $ 3,577         $ 2,158    

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:

     

Capital expenditures

     (1,311)         (953)   

Purchases of short-term and other investments

     (1,202)         (2,076)   

Proceeds from sale of short-term and other investments

     1,397          1,602    

Investment in affiliates

     (130)         —    

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

     36          43    

Other, net

     37          52    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (1,173)         (1,332)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

     

Payments of long-term debt

     (1,319)         (912)   

Repurchases of common stock

     (445)         —    

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

     228          395    

Principal payments under capital leases

     (53)         (58)   

Other, net

     (21)         (47)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

     (1,610)         (622)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

     794          204    

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period

     2,002          3,220    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of the period

   $ 2,796        $ 3,424    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Investing and Financing Activities Not Affecting Cash:

     

Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt and capital leases

   $ 776        $ 658    

Exchanges of certain convertible notes for common stock

     201          202    

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

7


UNITED AIRLINES, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

(In millions)

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,      Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2015      2014      2015      2014  

Operating revenue:

           

Passenger—Mainline

    $ 6,961         $ 7,148         $ 12,899         $ 12,996    

Passenger—Regional

     1,715          1,833          3,197          3,369    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total passenger revenue

     8,676          8,981          16,096          16,365    

Cargo

     229          232          471          441    

Other operating revenue

     1,009          1,116          1,955          2,219    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     9,914          10,329          18,522          19,025    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating expense:

           

Salaries and related costs

     2,454          2,187          4,755          4,340    

Aircraft fuel

     2,106          3,101          3,970          6,018    

Regional capacity purchase

     583          591          1,153          1,150    

Landing fees and other rent

     553          567          1,096          1,139    

Depreciation and amortization

     445          417          874          826    

Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs

     431          471          828          929    

Distribution expenses

     348          346          660          664    

Aircraft rent

     194          222          395          446    

Special charges (Note 10)

     55          169          119          221    

Other operating expenses

     1,299          1,352          2,485          2,727    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     8,468          9,423          16,335          18,460    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income

     1,446          906          2,187          565    
           

Nonoperating income (expense):

           

Interest expense

     (167)         (188)         (340)         (377)   

Interest capitalized

     13          13          25          27    

Interest income

                     11            

Miscellaneous, net (Note 10)

     (101)         36          (175)         (30)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     (249)         (135)         (479)         (371)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     1,197          771          1,708          194    

Income tax expense

                               
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 1,193        $ 769        $ 1,702        $ 189    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

8


UNITED AIRLINES, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)

(In millions)

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,      Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2015      2014      2015      2014  

Net income

    $ 1,193         $ 769         $ 1,702         $ 189    
           

Other comprehensive income (loss), net change related to:

           

Fuel derivative financial instruments

     147          32          233          25    

Employee benefit plans

     28          (18)         30          (39)   

Investments and other

     (9)         (6)                 (5)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     166                  268          (19)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income, net

   $ 1,359        $ 777        $ 1,970        $ 170    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

9


UNITED AIRLINES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In millions, except shares)

 

     (Unaudited)         
     June 30, 2015      December 31, 2014  

ASSETS

     

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

    $ 2,790         $ 1,996    

Short-term investments

     2,189          2,382    

Receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts (2015—$22;
2014—$22)

     1,471          1,146    

Fuel hedge collateral deposits

     181          577    

Aircraft fuel, spare parts and supplies, less obsolescence allowance
(2015—$187; 2014—$169)

     656          666    

Deferred income taxes

     619          591    

Prepaid expenses and other

     929          823    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     8,835          8,181    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating property and equipment:

     

Owned—

     

Flight equipment

     22,555          21,107    

Other property and equipment

     4,220          4,016    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     26,775          25,123    

Less—Accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (7,726)         (7,079)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     19,049          18,044    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     

Purchase deposits for flight equipment

     951          706    
     

Capital leases—

     

Flight equipment

     1,300          1,272    

Other property and equipment

     332          331    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,632          1,603    

Less—Accumulated amortization

     (931)         (886)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     701          717    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     20,701          19,467    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other assets:

     

Goodwill

     4,523          4,523    

Intangibles, less accumulated amortization (2015—$1,093; 2014—$1,049)

     4,220          4,284    

Restricted cash

     214          276    

Other, net

     916          1,377    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     9,873          10,460    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
    $ 39,409         $ 38,108    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(continued on next page)

 

10


UNITED AIRLINES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In millions, except shares)

 

     (Unaudited)         
     June 30, 2015      December 31, 2014  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY              

Current liabilities:

     

Advance ticket sales

    $ 5,175        $ 3,701    

Frequent flyer deferred revenue

     2,116          2,058    

Accounts payable

     2,327          1,886    

Accrued salaries and benefits

     1,846          1,818    

Current maturities of long-term debt

     1,047          1,313    

Current maturities of capital leases

     111          110    

Fuel derivative instruments

     401          694    

Other

     791          933    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     13,814          12,513    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     

Long-term debt

     9,938          10,120    

Long-term obligations under capital leases

     563          571    
     

Other liabilities and deferred credits:

     

Frequent flyer deferred revenue

     2,873          2,879    

Postretirement benefit liability

     1,927          1,933    

Pension liability

     1,468          2,226    

Advanced purchase of miles

     1,124          1,217    

Deferred income taxes

     1,623          1,591    

Lease fair value adjustment, net

     410          466    

Other

     1,509          1,957    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     10,934          12,269    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

     

Stockholder’s equity:

     

Common stock at par, $0.01 par value; authorized 1,000 shares; issued and outstanding 1,000 shares at both June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014

     —          —    

Additional capital invested

     6,912          7,347    

Accumulated deficit

     (1,926)         (3,628)   

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

     (811)         (1,079)   

Receivable from related parties

     (15)         (5)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     4,160          2,635    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
    $ 39,409         $ 38,108    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

11


UNITED AIRLINES, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

(In millions)

 

     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2015      2014  

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

     

Net cash provided by operating activities

    $ 3,568         $ 2,149    

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:

     

Capital expenditures

     (1,311)         (953)   

Purchases of short-term investments and other investments

     (1,202)         (2,076)   

Proceeds from sale of short-term and other investments

     1,397          1,602    

Investment in affiliates

     (130)         —    

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

     36          43    

Other, net

     37          52    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (1,173)         (1,332)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

     

Payments of long-term debt

     (1,319)         (912)   

Dividend to UAL

     (445)         —    

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

     228          395    

Principal payments under capital leases

     (53)         (58)   

Other, net

     (12)         (38)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

     (1,601)         (613)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

     794          204    

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period

     1,996          3,214    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of the period

    $ 2,790         $ 3,418    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Investing and Financing Activities Not Affecting Cash:

     

Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt and capital leases

    $ 776        $ 658    

Transfer of UAL subsidiaries to United

     —          186    

Conversion of convertible notes to UAL common stock

     —          156    

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

12


UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND UNITED AIRLINES, INC.

COMBINED NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

United Continental Holdings, Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, “UAL” or the “Company”) is a holding company and its principal, wholly-owned subsidiary is United Airlines, Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, “United”). This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is a combined report of UAL and United including their respective consolidated financial statements. As UAL consolidates United for financial statement purposes, disclosures that relate to activities of United also apply to UAL, unless otherwise noted. United’s operating revenues and operating expenses comprise nearly 100% of UAL’s revenues and operating expenses. In addition, United comprises approximately the entire balance of UAL’s assets, liabilities and operating cash flows. When appropriate, UAL and United are named specifically for their individual contractual obligations and related disclosures and any significant differences between the operations and results of UAL and United are separately disclosed and explained. We sometimes use the words “we,” “our,” “us,” and the “Company” in this report for disclosures that relate to all of UAL and United.

The UAL and United unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements shown here have been prepared as required by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Some information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements that comply with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted as permitted by the SEC. The financial statements include all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments and other adjustments, which are considered necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position and results of operations. The UAL and United financial statements should be read together with the information included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 (the “2014 Annual Report”). The Company’s quarterly financial data is subject to seasonal fluctuations and historically its second and third quarter financial results, which reflect higher travel demand, are better than its first and fourth quarter financial results.

NOTE 1 - SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Recently Issued Accounting Standards. The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) amended the FASB Accounting Standards Codification and created a new Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This amendment prescribes that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The amendment supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605, Revenue Recognition, and most industry-specific guidance throughout the Industry Topics of the Codification, and is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The FASB also approved permitting early adoption of the standard, but not before January 1, 2017. The Company is evaluating the impact on its financial statements and whether to adopt this standard early.

The FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-03, Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. This standard amends existing guidance to require the presentation of debt issuance costs in the balance sheet as a deduction from the carrying amount of the related debt liability instead of a deferred charge. It is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015, but early adoption is permitted. As of June 30, 2015, the Company had approximately $185 million of unamortized debt issuance costs recorded as an asset on its balance sheet classified as Other, net. The Company will reclassify the unamortized debt issuance costs and present debt net of those unamortized costs on its balance sheet upon adoption of this standard.

The FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-07, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosures for Investments in Certain Entities That Calculate Net Asset Value per Share (or Its Equivalent). Under the standard, investments for which fair value is measured at net asset value per share (or its equivalent) using the practical expedient will no longer be categorized in the fair value hierarchy. It is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2015, but early adoption is permitted. As of June 30, 2015, the Company had approximately $200 million of such investments as part of its Short-term investments balance sheet total. In addition, pension plan investments measured at net asset value per share, if any, will no longer be categorized within the fair value hierarchy beginning with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ending December 31, 2015. The Company is evaluating the impact the adoption of this standard will have on its financial statements for both Short-term investments and pension plan investment balance sheet totals.

 

13


NOTE 2 - EARNINGS PER SHARE

The table below represents the computation of UAL’s basic and diluted earnings per share amounts and the number of securities that have been excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share amounts because they were antidilutive (in millions, except per share amounts):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2015      2014      2015      2014  

Basic earnings per share:

           

Earnings available to common stockholders

    $ 1,193        $ 789        $ 1,701        $ 180    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic weighted-average shares outstanding

     380          373          381          371    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings per share, basic

    $ 3.14         $ 2.12         $ 4.46         $ 0.48    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share:

           

Earnings available to common stockholders

    $ 1,193         $ 789         $ 1,701         $ 180    

Effect of convertible notes

     —                  —            
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings available to common stockholders including the effect of dilutive securities

    $ 1,193        $ 796        $ 1,701        $ 186    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted shares outstanding:

           

Basic weighted-average shares outstanding

     380          373          381          371    

Effect of convertible notes

     —          22          —          21    

Effect of restricted stock and employee stock options

     —                          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding

     380          396          382          392    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings per share, diluted

    $ 3.14         $ 2.01         $ 4.45         $ 0.47    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Potentially dilutive shares excluded from diluted per share amounts:

           

Restricted stock and stock options

     —                  —            

Convertible notes

     —          —          —            

In January 2015, the holders of substantially all of the remaining $202 million principal amount of United’s 4.5% Convertible Notes due 2015 (the “4.5% Convertible Notes”) exercised their conversion option resulting in the issuance of 11 million shares of UAL common stock. There is no convertible debt outstanding as of June 30, 2015.

In 2014, UAL’s Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program to acquire up to $1 billion of UAL’s common stock. UAL spent $250 million and $450 million to repurchase approximately 4.4 million and 7.3 million shares of UAL common stock in open market transactions in the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively. As of June 30, 2015, the Company has $230 million remaining to spend under the share repurchase program. On July 21, 2015, UAL’s Board of Directors authorized a new $3 billion share repurchase program, which the Company expects to complete by December 31, 2017. UAL may repurchase shares through the open market, privately negotiated transactions, block trades, or accelerated share repurchase transactions from time to time in accordance with applicable securities laws. UAL will repurchase shares of common stock subject to prevailing market conditions, and may discontinue such repurchases at any time. See Part II, Item 2., “Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds” of this report for additional information.

 

14


NOTE 3 - ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

The tables below present the components of the Company’s accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax (“AOCI”) (in millions):

 

UAL (a)    Pension and
Other
Postretirement
Liabilities
     Derivative
Contracts
     Investments
and Other
     Total  

Balance at March 31, 2015

    $ (585)        $ (413)        $ 21         $ (977)   

Changes in value

     20          29          (10)         39    

Amounts reclassified to earnings

             118          —          126    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net change

     28          147          (10)         165    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2015

    $ (557)        $ (266)        $ 11         $ (812)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2014

    $ (587)        $ (499)        $        $ (1,079)   

Changes in value

     12          (46)                 (29)   

Amounts reclassified to earnings

     18          279          (1)         296    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net change

     30          233                  267    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2015

    $ (557)        $ (266)        $ 11         $ (812)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
UAL (a)    Pension and
Other
Postretirement
Liabilities
     Derivative
Contracts
     Investments
and Other
     Total  

Balance at March 31, 2014

    $ 563         $        $ 13         $ 580    

Changes in value

     —          31                  32    

Amounts reclassified to earnings

     (18)                 (6)         (23)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net change

     (18)         32          (5)           
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2014

    $ 545         $ 36         $        $ 589    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2013

    $ 584         $ 11         $ 13         $ 608    

Changes in value

     (5)         21                  17    

Amounts reclassified to earnings

     (34)                 (6)         (36)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net change

     (39)         25          (5)         (19)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2014

    $ 545         $ 36         $        $ 589    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Details about AOCI Components

   Amount Reclassified
from AOCI to Income
     Affected Line Item in
the  Statements of
Consolidated Operations
     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
      
     2015      2014      2015      2014       
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges               

Fuel contracts-reclassifications of (gains) losses into earnings (b)

    $         118          $             1          $         279          $             4         Aircraft fuel
Amortization of pension and post-retirement items               

Amortization of unrecognized (gains) losses and prior service cost (credit) (b) (c)

    $ 8          $ (18)         $ 18          $ (34)        Salaries and related costs
Investments and other               

Available for sale securities-reclassifications of gains into earnings (b)

    $ —          $ (6)         $ (1)         $ (6)        Miscellaneous, net

 

 

(a) UAL and United amounts are substantially the same except for additional gains (losses) related to investments and other of $1 million at United for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and $(1) million at United for the three months ended June 30, 2014.

(b) Income tax expense for these items was offset by the Company’s valuation allowance.

(c) This AOCI component is included in the computation of net periodic pension and other postretirement costs (see Note 5 of this report for additional information).

 

15


NOTE 4 - INCOME TAXES

Our effective tax rates are lower than the federal statutory rate of 35% primarily because of the impact of changes to existing valuation allowances. We continue to provide a valuation allowance for our deferred tax assets in excess of deferred tax liabilities because we have concluded that it is more likely than not that such deferred tax assets will ultimately not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income (including the reversals of deferred tax liabilities) during the periods in which those deferred tax assets will become deductible. The Company’s management assesses available positive and negative evidence regarding the Company’s ability to realize its deferred tax assets and records a valuation allowance when it is more likely than not that deferred tax assets will not be realized. To form a conclusion, management considers positive evidence in the form of reversing temporary differences, projections of future taxable income and tax planning strategies and negative evidence such as historical losses. Although the Company is not in a three-year cumulative loss position at June 30, 2015, management has determined that the low level of cumulative pre-tax income, combined with the Company’s history of operating losses resulted in a determination that a valuation allowance is still necessary. Management will continue to evaluate future financial performance to determine whether such performance is both sustained and significant enough to provide sufficient evidence to support reversal of the valuation allowance. The valuation allowance balance at June 30, 2015 was $4.1 billion.

NOTE 5 - EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Benefit Plans. The Company’s net periodic benefit cost includes the following components (in millions):

 

     Pension Benefits      Other Postretirement
Benefits
 
     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2015      2014      2015      2014  
Service cost     $ 31         $ 25         $        $   
Interest cost      50          50          21          22    
Expected return on plan assets      (49)         (44)         (1)         —    
Amortization of unrecognized (gain) loss and prior service cost (credit)      22                 (14)         (20)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

    $ 54         $ 33         $ 11         $   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     Pension Benefits      Other Postretirement
Benefits
 
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June  30,
 
     2015      2014      2015      2014  
Service cost     $ 62         $ 49         $ 10         $   
Interest cost      100          101          41          44    
Expected return on plan assets      (98)         (89)         (1)         (1)   
Amortization of unrecognized (gain) loss and prior service cost (credit)      44                  (27)         (39)   
Settlement loss              —          —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

    $ 109         $ 66         $ 23         $ 13    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, the Company contributed $620 million and $800 million, respectively, to its U.S. domestic tax-qualified defined benefit pension plans.

Share-Based Compensation. The Company generally grants incentive compensation awards, including long-term equity based awards, during the first quarter of the calendar year. During the first quarter of 2015, UAL granted share-based compensation awards pursuant to the United Continental Holdings, Inc. 2008 Incentive Compensation Plan. These share-based compensation awards include approximately 0.2 million shares of restricted stock and 0.3 million restricted stock units (“RSUs”) that vest

 

16


pro-rata over three years on the anniversary of the grant date. The time-vested RSUs are cash-settled based on the 20-day average closing price of UAL common stock immediately prior to the vesting date. The Company also granted 0.6 million performance-based RSUs that will vest based on the Company’s return on invested capital and the Company’s relative improvement in pre-tax margin for the three years ending December 31, 2017. If these performance conditions are achieved, cash payments will be made after the end of the performance period based on the 20-day average closing price of UAL common stock immediately prior to the vesting date. The Company accounts for the RSUs as liability awards.

The table below presents information related to share-based compensation (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,      Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2015      2014      2015      2014  

Share-based compensation expense

    $ 16         $ 14         $ 33         $ 46    
     June 30, 2015      December 31, 2014                

Unrecognized share-based compensation

    $ 72         $ 62          

Profit Sharing Plans. Substantially all employees participate in profit sharing, which varies from 5% to 20% of pre-tax earnings, excluding special items, profit sharing expense and share-based compensation, depending on the work group and at varying percentages of the Company’s earnings. Eligible U.S. co-workers in each participating work group receive a profit sharing payout using a formula based on the ratio of each qualified co-worker’s annual eligible earnings to the eligible earnings of all qualified co-workers in all domestic work groups. Eligible non-U.S. co-workers receive profit sharing based on the calculation under the U.S. profit sharing plan for management and administrative employees. Profit sharing expense is recorded as a component of Salaries and related costs in the Company’s statements of consolidated operations.

 

17


NOTE 6 - FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

The table below presents disclosures about the financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis in the Company’s financial statements (in millions):

 

     June 30, 2015      December 31, 2014  
     Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3      Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  
     UAL  

Cash and cash equivalents

    $ 2,796         $ 2,796         $ —         $ —         $ 2,002         $ 2,002         $ —         $ —    

Short-term investments:

                       

Asset-backed securities

     726          —          726          —          901          —          901          —    

Corporate debt

     868          —          868          —          876          —          876          —    

Certificates of deposit placed through an account registry service (“CDARS”)

     279          —          279          —          256          —          256          —    

Auction rate securities

     16          —          —          16          26          —          —          26    

U.S. government and agency notes

     45          —          45          —          68          —          68          —    

Other fixed income securities

     255          —          255          —          255          —          255          —    

Enhanced equipment trust certificates (“EETC”)

     27          —          —          27          28          —          —          28    

Fuel derivatives liability, net

     (361)         —          (361)         —          (717)         —          (717)         —    

Foreign currency derivatives asset, net

             —                  —                  —                  —    

Restricted cash

     283          283          —          —          320          320          —          —    
     United  

Cash and cash equivalents

    $     2,790         $     2,790        $ —         $ —         $     1,996         $     1,996        $ —         $ —    

Short-term investments:

                       

Asset-backed securities

     726          —          726          —          901          —          901          —    

Corporate debt

     868          —          868          —          876          —          876          —    

CDARS

     279          —          279          —          256          —          256          —    

Auction rate securities

     16          —          —          16          26          —          —          26    

U.S. government and agency notes

     45          —          45          —          68          —          68          —    

Other fixed income securities

     255          —          255          —          255          —          255          —    

EETC

     27          —          —          27         28          —          —          28    

Fuel derivatives liability, net

     (361)         —          (361)         —          (717)         —          (717)         —    

Foreign currency derivatives asset, net

             —                  —                  —                  —    

Restricted cash

     283          283          —          —          320          320          —          —    

Convertible debt derivative asset

     —          —          —          —          712          —          —          712    

Convertible debt derivative option liability

     —          —          —          —          (511)         —          —          (511)   

United’s debt-related derivatives presented in the tables above related to (a) supplemental indentures that provided that United’s convertible debt was convertible into shares of UAL common stock upon the terms and conditions specified in the indentures, and (b) the embedded conversion options in United’s convertible debt that were required to be separated and accounted for as though they were free-standing derivatives as a result of the United debt becoming convertible into the common stock of a different reporting entity. The derivatives described above related to the 4.5% Convertible Notes. Gains (losses) on these derivatives were recorded in Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net in United’s statements of consolidated operations. These derivatives along with their gains (losses) were reported in United’s separate financial statements and were eliminated in consolidation for UAL. In January 2015, the holders of substantially all of the remaining $202 million principal amount of the 4.5% Convertible Notes exercised their conversion option resulting in the issuance of 11 million shares of UAL common stock. The derivative assets and liabilities associated with the 4.5% Convertible Notes were settled in connection with the retirement of the related convertible debt, and the final accounting did not materially impact UAL’s or United’s statements of consolidated operations.

 

18


Available-for-sale investment maturities - The short-term investments shown in the table above are classified as available-for-sale. As of June 30, 2015, asset-backed securities have remaining maturities of less than one year to approximately 40 years, corporate debt securities have remaining maturities of less than one year to approximately seven years and CDARS have maturities of less than one year. U.S. government and other securities have maturities of less than one year to approximately three years. The EETC securities mature in 2019.

Derivative instruments and investments presented in the tables above have the same fair value as their carrying value. The table below presents the carrying values and estimated fair values of financial instruments not presented in the tables above (in millions):

 

     Fair Value of Debt by Fair Value Hierarchy Level  
     June 30, 2015      December 31, 2014  
     Carrying
Amount
     Fair Value      Carrying
Amount
     Fair Value  
            Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3             Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  

UAL debt

    $  10,985         $   11,388         $   —         $   8,573         $   2,815         $   11,434         $   12,386         $   —         $   8,568         $   3,818    

United debt

     10,985          11,388          —          8,573          2,815          11,433          12,386          —          8,568          3,818    

Fair value of the financial instruments included in the tables above was determined as follows:

 

Description

    

Fair Value Methodology

Cash and cash equivalents      The carrying amounts approximate fair value because of the short-term maturity of these assets.

Short-term investments and

Restricted cash

     Fair value is based on (a) the trading prices of the investment or similar instruments, (b) an income approach, which uses valuation techniques to convert future amounts into a single present amount based on current market expectations about those future amounts when observable trading prices are not available, (c) internally-developed models of the expected future cash flows related to the securities, or (d) broker quotes obtained by third-party valuation services.

Fuel derivatives

     Derivative contracts are privately negotiated contracts and are not exchange traded. Fair value measurements are estimated with option pricing models that employ observable inputs. Inputs to the valuation models include contractual terms, market prices, yield curves, fuel price curves and measures of volatility, among others.
Foreign currency derivatives      Fair value is determined with a formula utilizing observable inputs. Significant inputs to the valuation models include contractual terms, risk-free interest rates and forward exchange rates.

Debt

     Fair values were based on either market prices or the discounted amount of future cash flows using our current incremental rate of borrowing for similar liabilities.

NOTE 7 - HEDGING ACTIVITIES

Fuel Derivatives

The Company routinely hedges a portion of its expected aircraft fuel requirements to protect against increases in the price of fuel. The Company may restructure hedges in response to market conditions prior to their original settlement dates which may result in changes in hedge coverage levels and the potential recognition of gains or losses on such hedge contracts. As of June 30, 2015, the Company had hedged approximately 22% and 5% of its projected fuel requirements (442 million gallons and 180 million gallons, respectively) for the remainder of 2015 and 2016, respectively, with commonly used financial hedge instruments based on aircraft fuel or crude oil. As of June 30, 2015, the Company had fuel hedges expiring through March 2016.

 

19


Upon proper qualification, the Company accounts for certain fuel derivative instruments as cash flow hedges. All derivatives designated as hedges that meet certain requirements are granted hedge accounting treatment. Instruments that qualify for hedge accounting treatment typically include swaps, call options, collars (which consist of a purchased call option and a sold put option) and four-way collars (a collar with a higher strike sold call option and a lower strike purchased put option). Generally, utilizing hedge accounting, all periodic changes in fair value of the derivatives designated as hedges that are considered to be effective are recorded in AOCI until the underlying fuel is consumed and recorded in fuel expense. The Company is exposed to the risk that its hedges may not be effective in offsetting changes in the cost of fuel and that its hedges may not continue to qualify for hedge accounting. Hedge ineffectiveness results when the change in the fair value of the cash flow hedge exceeds the change in the value of the Company’s expected future cash outlay to purchase fuel. To the extent that the periodic changes in the fair value of the derivatives are not effective, that ineffectiveness is classified as Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net in the statements of consolidated operations.

The Company also uses certain combinations of derivative contracts that are economic hedges but do not qualify for hedge accounting under GAAP. Additionally, the Company may enter into contracts at different times and later combine those contracts into structures designated for hedge accounting. As with derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting, the economic hedges and individual contracts are part of the Company’s program to mitigate the adverse financial impact of potential increases in the price of fuel. The Company records changes in the fair value of these various contracts that are not designated for hedge accounting to Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net in the statements of consolidated operations.

If the Company settles a derivative prior to its contractual settlement date, then the cumulative gain or loss recognized in AOCI at the termination date remains in AOCI until the forecasted transaction occurs. In a situation where it becomes probable that a hedged forecasted transaction will not occur, any gains and/or losses that have been recorded to AOCI would be required to be immediately reclassified into earnings. All cash flows associated with purchasing and settling derivatives are classified as operating cash flows in the condensed statements of consolidated cash flows.

The Company records each derivative instrument as a derivative asset or liability (on a gross basis) in its consolidated balance sheets, and, accordingly, records any related collateral on a gross basis. The table below presents the fair value amounts of fuel derivative assets and liabilities and the location of amounts recognized in the Company’s financial statements.

 

20


The Company’s derivatives were reported in its consolidated balance sheets as follows (in millions):

 

Classification

   Balance Sheet Location    June 30,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges

        

Assets:

        

Fuel contracts due within one year

   Receivables     $ 23         $ —    
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

       $ 23         $ —    
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

        

Fuel contracts due within one year

   Fuel derivative instruments     $ 261         $ 450    

Fuel contracts with maturities greater than one year

   Other liabilities and deferred credits: Other      —          27    
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

       $ 261         $ 477    
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Derivatives not designated for hedge accounting

        

Assets:

        

Fuel contracts due within one year

   Receivables     $        $   

Fuel contracts with maturities greater than one year

   Other assets: Other, net              —    
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

       $ 17         $   
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

        

Fuel contracts due within one year

   Fuel derivative instruments     $ 140         $ 244    

Fuel contracts with maturities greater than one year

   Other liabilities and deferred credits: Other      —            
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

       $ 140         $ 246    
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total derivatives

        

Assets:

        

Fuel contracts due within one year

   Receivables     $ 32         $   

Fuel contracts with maturities greater than one year

   Other assets: Other, net              —    
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

       $ 40         $   
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

        

Fuel contracts due within one year

   Fuel derivative instruments     $ 401         $ 694    

Fuel contracts with maturities greater than one year

   Other liabilities and deferred credits: Other      —          29    
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

       $ 401         $ 723    
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Derivative Credit Risk and Fair Value

The Company is exposed to credit losses in the event of nonperformance by counterparties to its derivative instruments. While the Company records derivative instruments on a gross basis, the Company monitors its net derivative position with each counterparty to monitor credit risk. Based on the fair value of our fuel derivative instruments, our counterparties may require us to post collateral when the price of the underlying commodity decreases, and we may require our counterparties to provide us with collateral when the price of the underlying commodity increases. The Company posted $181 million and $577 million of collateral with fuel derivative counterparties as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. The collateral is recorded as Fuel hedge collateral deposits on the Company’s balance sheet.

We have master trading agreements with all of our fuel hedging counterparties that allow us to net our fuel hedge derivative positions. We have elected not to net the fair value positions recorded on our consolidated balance sheets. The following table shows the potential net fair value positions (including fuel derivatives and related collateral) had we elected to offset. The table reflects offset at the counterparty level (in millions):

 

     June 30,
2015
    December 31,
2014
 

Fuel derivative instruments

   $ (232   $ (209

Other liabilities and deferred credits: Other

            (30
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Hedge derivatives liabilities, net

   $ (232   $ (239
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

21


The following tables present the impact of derivative instruments and their location within the Company’s unaudited statements of consolidated operations (in millions):

Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges

 

     Amount of Gain
Recognized
in AOCI on Derivatives
(Effective Portion)
     Loss
Reclassified from
AOCI into
Fuel Expense
    Amount of Gain
Recognized in
Nonoperating income
(expense): Miscellaneous, net
(Ineffective Portion)
 
     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
             2015                      2014                      2015                     2014                     2015                      2014          

Fuel contracts

    $ 29        $ 31        $ (118    $ (1    $        $ 5   

Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges

 

     Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized
in AOCI on Derivatives
(Effective Portion)
     Loss
Reclassified from
AOCI into
Fuel Expense
    Amount of Gain
Recognized in
Nonoperating income
(expense): Miscellaneous, net
(Ineffective Portion)
 
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
             2015                     2014                      2015                     2014                     2015                      2014          

Fuel contracts

    $ (46    $ 21        $ (279    $ (4    $        $ 4   

Derivatives not designated for hedge accounting

Fuel contracts

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
     
             2015                      2014                      2015                     2014              

Amount of gain (loss) recognized in Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net

    $ 41        $ 39        $ (2    $ (1  

Foreign Currency Derivatives

The Company generates revenues and incurs expenses in numerous foreign currencies. Changes in foreign currency exchange rates impact the Company’s results of operations through changes in the dollar value of foreign currency-denominated operating revenues and expenses. Some of the Company’s more significant foreign currency exposures include the Canadian dollar, Chinese renminbi, European euro, British pound and Japanese yen. At times, the Company uses derivative financial instruments, such as options collars and forward contracts, to hedge its exposure to foreign currency. The Company does not enter into derivative instruments for non-risk management purposes. At June 30, 2015, the Company had foreign currency derivative contracts in place to hedge 38% and 22% of its projected European euro denominated net cash inflows for the remainder of 2015 and 2016, respectively, and 11% of its British pound denominated net cash inflows for the remainder of 2015. Net cash relates primarily to passenger ticket sales inflows partially offset by expenses paid in local currencies. At June 30, 2015, the fair value of the Company’s foreign currency derivatives was an asset of $6 million.

NOTE 8 - COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Commitments. As of June 30, 2015, United had firm commitments and options to purchase aircraft from The Boeing Company (“Boeing”), Embraer S.A. (“Embraer”) and Airbus S.A.S. (“Airbus”) presented in the table below:

 

22


Aircraft Type

   Number of Firm
      Commitments (a)      
 

Airbus A350-1000

     35    

Boeing 737NG/737 MAX 9

     123    

Boeing 777-300ER

     10    

Boeing 787-8/-9/-10

     37    

Embraer E175

     10    
(a) United also has options and purchase rights for additional aircraft.   

The aircraft listed in the table above are scheduled for delivery through 2024. For the remainder of 2015, United expects to take delivery of eight Boeing 737NG aircraft and seven Boeing 787-9 aircraft. The 10 Embraer E175 aircraft are all scheduled for delivery through 2016.

As of June 30, 2015, United had financing commitments from banks to fund two Boeing 737-900ER aircraft and four Embraer E175 aircraft. These aircraft were delivered to United during the second quarter of 2015 and the financings were completed in July 2015. In addition, United has secured backstop financing commitments from certain of its aircraft manufacturers for a limited number of its future aircraft deliveries, subject to certain customary conditions. Financing will be necessary to satisfy the Company’s capital commitments for its firm order aircraft and other related capital expenditures. See Note 9 of this report for additional information on aircraft financing.

The table below summarizes United’s commitments as of June 30, 2015 (including those assigned from UAL), which primarily relate to the acquisition of aircraft and related spare engines, aircraft improvements and include other commitments primarily to acquire information technology services and assets. Any incremental firm aircraft orders, including through the exercise of purchase options and purchase rights, will increase the total future capital commitments of the Company.

 

     (in billions)  

Last six months of 2015

    $                     1.6    

2016

     2.5    

2017

     2.0    

2018

     2.2    

2019

     3.0    

After 2019

     10.6    
  

 

 

 
    $ 21.9    
  

 

 

 

In July 2015, the Company exercised its options for five additional Embraer E175 aircraft and all are scheduled for delivery in 2016. The Company is currently negotiating with certain regional carriers to own and/or sublease and operate all the outstanding firm Embraer E175 aircraft on order.

Aircraft Operating Leases

During the second quarter of 2015, the Company reached an agreement with AerCap Holdings N.V., a major aircraft leasing company, to lease used Airbus A319s. Eleven aircraft will be delivered over the next two years beginning in early 2016. In addition, up to 14 more aircraft may be delivered over the next five years subject to certain conditions.

Guarantees. United is the guarantor of approximately $2.0 billion in aggregate principal amount of tax-exempt special facilities revenue bonds and interest thereon. These bonds, issued by various airport municipalities, are payable solely from rentals paid under long-term agreements with the respective governing bodies. The leasing arrangements associated with $1.5 billion of these obligations are accounted for as operating leases with the associated expense recorded on a straight-line basis resulting in ratable accrual of the lease obligation over the expected lease term. The leasing arrangements associated with $294 million of these obligations are accounted for as capital leases. All of these bonds are due between 2015 and 2038.

 

23


In the Company’s financing transactions that include loans, the Company typically agrees to reimburse lenders for any reduced returns with respect to the loans due to any change in capital requirements and, in the case of loans in which the interest rate is based on the London Interbank Offered Rate, for certain other increased costs that the lenders incur in carrying these loans as a result of any change in law, subject in most cases to obligations of the lenders to take certain limited steps to mitigate the requirement for, or the amount of, such increased costs. At June 30, 2015, the Company had $2.2 billion of floating rate debt and $130 million of fixed rate debt, with remaining terms of up to 12 years, that are subject to these increased cost provisions. In several financing transactions involving loans or leases from non-U.S. entities, with remaining terms of up to 12 years and an aggregate balance of $2.3 billion, the Company bears the risk of any change in tax laws that would subject loan or lease payments thereunder to non-U.S. entities to withholding taxes, subject to customary exclusions.

Labor Negotiations. As of June 30, 2015, United had approximately 84,000 active employees, of whom approximately 80% were represented by various labor organizations. We are in the process of negotiating joint collective bargaining agreements with our technicians and flight attendants. 

NOTE 9 - DEBT

As of June 30, 2015, a substantial portion of our assets is pledged as collateral for our debt. These assets principally consist of aircraft, route authorities and loyalty program intangible assets. As of June 30, 2015, the Company was in compliance with its debt covenants.

4.5% Convertible Notes due 2015. At December 31, 2014, the remaining balance of these notes was $202 million. In January 2015, the holders of substantially all of the remaining $202 million principal amount of the 4.5% Convertible Notes exercised their conversion option resulting in the issuance of 11 million shares of UAL common stock.

6% Notes due 2026. In the first quarter of 2015, UAL used cash to repurchase $18 million par value 6% Notes due 2026 (the “2026 Notes”) in market transactions. On April 1, 2015, UAL used cash to redeem, at par, the remaining $303 million balance of the 2026 Notes.

6% Notes due 2028. In the first quarter of 2015, UAL used cash to repurchase $13 million par value 6% Notes due 2028 (the “2028 Notes”) in market transactions. On May 1, 2015, UAL used cash to redeem, at par, the remaining $298 million balance of the 2028 Notes.

In the second quarter of 2015, the Company recorded a nonoperating special charge of $128 million for the extinguishment of the 2026 Notes and the 2028 Notes. The nonoperating special charge is related to the write off of unamortized non-cash debt discounts. See Note 10 of this report for additional information.

2013 Credit and Guaranty Agreement. As of June 30, 2015, United had its entire capacity of $1.35 billion available under the revolving credit facility of the Company’s Credit and Guaranty Agreement.

 

24


EETCs. In August 2014, United created EETC pass-through trusts, each of which issued pass-through certificates. The proceeds of the issuance of the pass-through certificates are used to purchase equipment notes issued by United and secured by its aircraft. The Company records the debt obligation upon issuance of the equipment notes rather than upon the initial issuance of the pass-through certificates. The pass-through certificates represent fractional undivided interests in the respective pass-through trusts and are not obligations of United. The payment obligations under the equipment notes are those of United. Proceeds received from the sale of pass-through certificates are initially held by a depositary in escrow for the benefit of the certificate holders until United issues equipment notes to the trust, which purchases such notes with a portion of the escrowed funds. These escrowed funds are not guaranteed by United and are not reported as debt on our consolidated balance sheet because the proceeds held by the depositary are not United’s assets. Certain details of the pass-through trusts with proceeds received from issuance of debt in 2015 are as follows (in millions, except stated interest rate):

 

EETC Date

   Class    Principal      Final
expected
distribution
date
   Stated
interest
rate
     Total debt
recorded as of
June 30,

2015
     Proceeds
received from
issuance of
debt in the
six months
ended
June 30,

2015
     Remaining
proceeds from
issuance of debt
to be received
in future
periods
 

August 2014

   A     $ 823        September 2026      3.75%        $ 823         $ 711         $ —    

August 2014

   B      238        September 2022      4.625%         238          206          —    
     

 

 

          

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
       $ 1,061               $ 1,061         $ 917         $ —    
     

 

 

          

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The table below presents contractual principal payments at June 30, 2015 under then-outstanding long-term debt agreements in each of the next five calendar years (in millions):

 

     UAL and
United
 

Last six months of 2015

    $                     585    

2016

     1,192    

2017

     775    

2018

     1,310    

2019

     1,736    

After 2019

     5,358    
  

 

 

 
    $ 10,956    
  

 

 

 

 

25


NOTE 10 - SPECIAL CHARGES

For the three and six months ended June 30, special charges consisted of the following (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
Operating:    2015      2014      2015      2014  

Severance and benefits

    $ 25         $ 38         $ 75         $ 52    

Integration-related costs

     14          17          32          51    

Costs associated with permanently grounding Embraer ERJ 135 aircraft

     —          66          —          66    

(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges

     16          48          12          52    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Special charges

     55          169          119          221    

Nonoperating:

           

Loss on extinguishment of debt and other, net

     128          —          134          21    

Income tax benefit

     —          —          —          (1)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating and nonoperating special charges, net of income taxes

    $ 183         $ 169         $ 253         $ 241    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, the Company recorded $25 million and $75 million, respectively, of severance and benefits primarily related to a voluntary early-out program for its flight attendants. In 2014, more than 2,500 flight attendants elected to voluntarily separate from the Company and will receive a severance payment, with a maximum value of $100,000 per participant, based on years of service, with retirement dates through the end of 2015. The Company will record approximately $25 million of additional expense through the remainder of 2015 associated with this program over the remaining required service periods.

Integration-related costs include compensation costs related primarily to systems integration and training for employees.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, the Company recorded $16 million and $12 million, respectively, for the impairment of assets and other special gains and losses.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, the Company recorded $128 million and $134 million, respectively, of losses as part of Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net due to the write-off of the unamortized non-cash debt discount related to the extinguishment of the 2026 Notes and the 2028 Notes.

During the six months ended June 30, 2014, the Company recorded $52 million of severance and benefits primarily related to reductions of management and front-line employees, including from Hopkins International Airport (“Cleveland”), as part of its cost savings initiatives. The Company reduced its average daily departures from Cleveland by over 60 percent during the second quarter of 2014. The Company is currently evaluating its options regarding its long-term contractual commitments at Cleveland. The capacity reductions at Cleveland may result in further special charges, which could be significant, related to our contractual commitments.

During the three months ended June 30, 2014, the Company recorded $66 million for the permanent grounding of 21 of the Company’s Embraer ERJ 135 regional aircraft under lease through 2018, which included an accrual for remaining lease payments and an amount for maintenance return conditions. The Company decided to permanently ground these 21 Embraer ERJ 135 aircraft as a result of new Embraer E175 regional jet deliveries, the impact of pilot shortages at regional carriers and fuel prices.

During the six months ended June 30, 2014, the Company recorded $33 million for charges related primarily to the impairment of its flight equipment held for disposal associated with its Boeing 737-300 and 737-500 fleets and incurred losses on sales of aircraft and other assets and other special losses totaling $19 million.

During the three months ended March 31, 2014, the Company recorded $21 million of losses due to exchange rate changes in Venezuela applicable to funds held in local currency.

 

26


Accruals

The accrual balance for severance and benefits was $104 million as of June 30, 2015, compared to $82 million as of June 30, 2014. The severance-related accrual as of June 30, 2015 is expected to be mostly paid through 2015. The following is a reconciliation of severance accrual activity for the period:

 

     Severance and
Benefits
 

Balance at December 31, 2014

    $                     109    

Accrual

     75    

Payments

     (80)   
  

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2015

    $ 104    
  

 

 

 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

Overview

United Continental Holdings, Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, “UAL” or the “Company”) is a holding company and its principal, wholly-owned subsidiary is United Airlines, Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, “United”). This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is a combined report of UAL and United including their respective consolidated financial statements. As UAL consolidates United for financial statement purposes, disclosures that relate to activities of United also apply to UAL, unless otherwise noted. United’s operating revenues and operating expenses comprise nearly 100% of UAL’s revenues and operating expenses. In addition, United comprises approximately the entire balance of UAL’s assets, liabilities and operating cash flows. When appropriate, UAL and United are named specifically for their individual contractual obligations and related disclosures and any significant differences between the operations and results of UAL and United are separately disclosed and explained. We sometimes use the words “we,” “our,” “us,” and the “Company” in this report for disclosures that relate to all of UAL and United.

The Company transports people and cargo through its mainline operations, which utilize jet aircraft with at least 118 seats, and regional operations, which utilize smaller aircraft that are operated under contract by United Express carriers. The Company serves virtually every major market around the world, either directly or through participation in Star Alliance®, the world’s largest airline alliance. The Company operates an average of nearly 5,000 flights a day to 362 airports across six continents.

Second Quarter Financial Highlights

 

   

Second quarter 2015 net income was $1.2 billion, or $3.14 diluted earnings per share. Second quarter 2015 Non-GAAP net income was $1.3 billion, or $3.31 diluted earnings per share, which excludes $183 million of operating and nonoperating special charges and $116 million of “Hedge Program Adjustments,” consisting of $26 million of mark-to-market gains recorded in Nonoperating expense from fuel derivative contracts settling in future periods and $90 million of prior period losses recorded in Nonoperating expense on fuel derivative contracts settled in the current period.

 

   

Second quarter 2015 aircraft fuel cost decreased 32.1% year-over-year due to a decrease in fuel prices.

 

   

Unrestricted liquidity at June 30, 2015 was $6.3 billion, including $1.35 billion of undrawn commitments under the revolving credit facility of the Company’s Credit and Guaranty Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”).

 

   

The Company announced a new strategic partnership with Azul Linhas Aereas Brasileiras S.A. (“Azul”), Brazil’s third largest airline, which provides a range of customer benefits including codesharing of flights (subject to government approval), joint loyalty-program participation and expanded connection opportunities on routes between the U.S. and Brazil, a key market for United, in addition to other points in North and South America.

 

   

UAL spent $250 million to repurchase approximately 4.4 million shares of UAL common stock in open market transactions in the second quarter of 2015 under the Company’s previously announced share repurchase program. As of June 30, 2015, the Company has $230 million remaining to spend under the $1 billion share repurchase program. On July 21, 2015, UAL’s Board of Directors authorized a new $3 billion share repurchase program, which the Company expects to complete by December 31, 2017. See Part II, Item 2. “Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds” of this report for additional information.

 

27


Second Quarter Operational Highlights

 

   

Consolidated traffic increased 0.7% and consolidated capacity increased 2.3% during the second quarter of 2015 as compared to the second quarter of 2014. The Company’s load factor for the second quarter of 2015 was 83.9%.

 

   

The Company took delivery of six Boeing 737-900ER aircraft, one Boeing 787-9 aircraft, three used Boeing 737-700 aircraft and nine Embraer E175 aircraft during the second quarter of 2015.

Outlook

The Company expects full-year 2015 consolidated capacity to increase between 1% and 1.5% year-over-year. The Company expects full year 2015 cost per available seat mile (“CASM”) excluding profit sharing, third-party business expense, fuel and special charges to be flat to up 0.5% year-over-year. We are unable to project CASM on a GAAP basis, as defined below, as the nature and amount of special charges are not determinable at this time.

Since the summer of 2014, the price of jet fuel declined and remains volatile. Based on projected fuel consumption in 2015, a one dollar change in the price of a barrel of crude oil would change the Company’s annual fuel expense by approximately $93 million. To protect against increases in the prices of aircraft fuel, the Company routinely hedges a portion of its future fuel requirements.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion provides an analysis of results of operations and reasons for material changes therein for the three months ended June 30, 2015 as compared to the corresponding period in 2014.

Second Quarter 2015 Compared to Second Quarter 2014

The Company recorded net income of $1.2 billion in the second quarter of 2015 as compared to net income of $789 million in the second quarter of 2014. Excluding operating and nonoperating special charges and with Hedge Program Adjustments, the Company had net income of $1.3 billion in the second quarter of 2015 as compared to net income of $919 million in the second quarter of 2014. See “Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures” at the end of this item for additional information related to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) to Non-GAAP financial measures. We consider a key measure of our performance to be operating income, which was $1.4 billion for the second quarter of 2015, as compared to $0.9 billion for the second quarter of 2014, an approximate $0.5 billion improvement year-over-year. Significant components of our operating results for the three months ended June 30 are as follows (in millions, except percentage changes):

 

     2015     2014     Increase
(Decrease)
    % Increase
(Decrease)
 

Operating revenue

    $ 9,914       $ 10,329       $ (415     (4.0

Operating expense

     8,469        9,423        (954     (10.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating income

     1,445        906        539        59.5   

Nonoperating expense

     (248     (115     133        NM   

Income tax expense

     4        2        2        100.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Net income

    $ 1,193       $ 789       $ 404        51.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

NM - Not meaningful

 

28


Certain consolidated statistical information for the Company’s operations for the three months ended June 30 is as follows:

 

     2015      2014      Increase
(Decrease)
    % Increase
(Decrease)
 

Passengers (thousands) (a)

     36,231             35,837             394        1.1   

Revenue passenger miles (“RPMs”) (millions) (b)

     54,289             53,900             389        0.7   

Available seat miles (“ASMs”) (millions) (c)

     64,685             63,214             1,471        2.3   

Passenger load factor (d)

     83.9 %         85.3 %         (1.4) pts.        N/A   

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (“PRASM”) (cents)

     13.41              14.21             (0.80     (5.6

Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents) (e)

     15.98              16.66             (0.68     (4.1

CASM (cents)

     13.09              14.91             (1.82     (12.2

Average price per gallon of fuel, including fuel taxes

    $ 2.10             $ 3.09            $ (0.99     (32.0

Fuel gallons consumed (millions)

     1,004              1,004                      

Average full-time equivalent employees

     82,300              82,000             300        0.4   

 

(a) The number of revenue passengers measured by each flight segment flown.

(b) The number of scheduled miles flown by revenue passengers.

(c) The number of seats available for passengers multiplied by the number of scheduled miles those seats are flown.

(d) Revenue passenger miles divided by available seat miles.

(e) The average passenger revenue received for each revenue passenger mile flown.

Operating Revenue

The table below shows year-over-year comparisons by type of operating revenue for the three months ended June 30 (in millions, except for percentage changes):

 

      2015      2014      Increase
(Decrease)
    % Change  

Passenger—Mainline

    $ 6,961        $ 7,148        $ (187     (2.6

Passenger—Regional

     1,715         1,833         (118     (6.4
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total passenger revenue

     8,676         8,981         (305     (3.4

Cargo

     229         232         (3     (1.3

Other operating revenue

     1,009         1,116         (107     (9.6
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   
    $ 9,914        $ 10,329        $ (415     (4.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

The table below presents selected passenger revenue and operating data, broken out by geographic region, expressed as second quarter year-over-year changes:

 

        Domestic           Pacific           Atlantic           Latin             Total
  Mainline     
      Regional         Consolidated    
Increase (decrease) from 2014 (a):              

Passenger revenue (in millions)

  $ 6          $ (82)         $ (75)         $ (36)         $ (187)        $ (118)         $ (305)      
Passenger revenue     0.2 %        (6.9)%        (4.4)%        (4.9)%        (2.6)%        (6.4)%        (3.4)%   

Average fare per passenger

    (5.0)%        (8.7)%        (1.6)%        (8.6)%        (6.6)%        (1.4)%        (4.4)%   

Yield

    (2.3)%        (9.6)%        (1.7)%        (8.8)%        (4.2)%        (1.1)%        (4.1)%   

PRASM

    (3.4)%        (8.8)%        (6.4)%        (10.9)%        (5.8)%        (1.7)%        (5.6)%   

Average stage length

    (2.6)%        3.1 %        1.2 %        1.8 %        (1.6)%        (0.2)%        0.5 %   

Passengers

    5.4 %        2.0 %        (2.8)%        4.0 %        4.2 %        (5.1)%        1.1 %   

RPMs (traffic)

    2.5 %        3.0 %        (2.7)%        4.2 %        1.6 %        (5.4)%        0.7 %   
ASMs (capacity)     3.7 %        2.2 %        2.1 %        6.7 %        3.4 %        (4.8)%        2.3 %   

Passenger load factor (points)

    (1.0)           0.7            (4.0)           (1.9)           (1.4)           (0.6)           (1.4)      

(a) See Item 6 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 for the definition of these statistics.

 

29


Consolidated passenger revenue in the second quarter of 2015 decreased 3.4% as compared to the year-ago period due to a decrease in consolidated yield of 4.1% year-over-year. Yields were impacted by a competitive domestic fare environment, unfavorable foreign currency results due to the strengthening of the U.S. dollar and international surcharge declines. The decline in yields was partially offset by a 0.7% and 2.3% year-over-year increase in traffic and capacity, respectively.

Other operating revenue in the second quarter of 2015 decreased $107 million, or 9.6%, as compared to the year-ago period due to a reduction in sales of aircraft fuel to a third party, partially offset by year-over-year increases in MileagePlus activity and ancillary revenue.

Operating Expenses

The table below includes data related to the Company’s operating expenses for the three months ended June 30 (in millions, except for percentage changes):

 

      2015      2014      Increase
(Decrease)
     % Change  

Salaries and related costs

    $ 2,454         $ 2,187         $ 267          12.2    

Aircraft fuel

     2,106          3,101          (995)         (32.1)   

Regional capacity purchase

     583          591          (8)         (1.4)   

Landing fees and other rent

     553          567          (14)         (2.5)   

Depreciation and amortization

     445          417          28          6.7    

Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs

     431          471          (40)         (8.5)   

Distribution expenses

     348          346                  0.6    

Aircraft rent

     194          222          (28)         (12.6)   

Special charges

     55          169          (114)         NM    

Other operating expenses

     1,300          1,352          (52)         (3.8)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    
    $ 8,469         $ 9,423         $ (954)         (10.1)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Salaries and related costs increased $267 million, or 12.2%, in the second quarter of 2015 as compared to the year-ago period primarily due to profit sharing expense as a result of improved profitability, higher pay rates driven by new collective bargaining agreements, an increase in medical and dental costs and an increase in pension expense resulting from changes in actuarial assumptions.

Aircraft fuel expense decreased $1.0 billion, or 32%, year-over-year primarily due to a 32% decrease in the average price per gallon of aircraft fuel in the second quarter of 2015 compared to the year-ago period. The table below presents the significant changes in aircraft fuel cost per gallon in the three month period ended June 30, 2015 as compared to the year-ago period:

 

     (In millions)             Average price per gallon  
      2015      2014      %
Change
     2015      2014      %
Change
 
Total aircraft fuel purchase cost excluding fuel hedge impacts     $ 1,988         $ 3,100          (35.9)        $ 1.98         $ 3.09         (35.9)   
Hedge losses reported in fuel expense      (118)            (1)         NM          (0.12)                 NM    
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

    
Fuel expense as reported      2,106          3,101          (32.1)         2.10          3.09         (32.0)   
Cash received (paid) on settled hedges that did not qualify for hedge accounting (a)      (75)                 NM          (0.07)         0.01          NM    
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

    
Fuel expense including all gains (losses) from settled hedges     $ 2,181         $ 3,096          (29.6)        $ 2.17         $ 3.08         (29.5)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total fuel consumption (gallons)

     1,004          1,004                     

 

(a) Includes ineffectiveness gains (losses) on settled hedges and gains (losses) on settled hedges that were not designated for hedge accounting. Ineffectiveness gains (losses) and gains (losses) on hedges that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recorded in Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net.

Depreciation and amortization increased $28 million, or 6.7%, in the second quarter of 2015 as compared to the year-ago period primarily due to additions in owned property and equipment, specifically related to new aircraft, as well as depreciation related to information technology services and assets.

 

30


Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs decreased $40 million, or 8.5%, in the second quarter of 2015 as compared to the year-ago period primarily due to a year-over-year decrease in significant aircraft engine and airframe maintenance visits as a result of the cyclical timing of these visits.

Aircraft rent decreased $28 million, or 12.6%, in the second quarter of 2015 as compared to the year-ago period primarily due to lease expirations, the purchase of aircraft that were subject to leases, and lower lease renewal rates for certain aircraft.

Details of the Company’s special charges include the following for the three months ended June 30 (in millions):

 

     2015      2014  

Severance and benefits

   $ 25       $ 38   

Integration-related costs

     14         17   

Costs associated with permanently grounding Embraer ERJ 135 aircraft

             66   

(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges

     16         48   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Special charges

   $ 55       $ 169   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

See Note 10 to the financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this report for additional information.

Other operating expenses decreased $52 million, or 3.8%, in the second quarter of 2015 as compared to the year-ago period primarily due to a reduction in sales of aircraft fuel to a third party and the discontinuance of a Transportation Security Administration (“TSA”) fee, partially offset by increases in purchased services, advertising expense, personnel-related expenses and food and beverage costs.

Nonoperating Income (Expense). The following table illustrates the year-over-year dollar and percentage changes in the Company’s nonoperating income (expense) for the three months ended June 30 (in millions, except for percentage changes):

 

     2015      2014      Increase
(Decrease)
     %
Change
 

Interest expense

    $ (167)        $ (186)        $ (19)         (10.2)   

Interest capitalized

     13          13          —          —    

Interest income

                             50.0    

Miscellaneous, net

     (100)         54          154          NM    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total

    $ (248)        $ (115)        $ 133          NM    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Miscellaneous, net included gains of $41 million from derivatives not qualifying for hedge accounting as compared to gains of $39 million in the year-ago period. Foreign currency impacts were losses of approximately $12 million versus gains of approximately $3 million in the second quarters of 2015 and 2014, respectively. Second quarter 2015 Miscellaneous, net includes a $128 million special charge related to the write off of unamortized non-cash debt discounts for the early redemption of the 6% Notes due 2026 and the 6% Notes due 2028.

Income Taxes. See Note 4 to the financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this report for additional information related to income taxes.

 

31


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

First Six Months 2015 Compared to First Six Months 2014

The Company recorded net income of $1.7 billion in the first six months of 2015 as compared to net income of $180 million in the first six months of 2014. Excluding operating and nonoperating special charges and with Hedge Program Adjustments, the Company had net income of $1.8 billion in the first six months of 2015 as compared to net income of $430 million in the first six months of 2014. See “Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures” at the end of this item for additional information related to GAAP to Non-GAAP financial measures. We consider a key measure of our performance to be operating income, which was $2.2 billion for the first six months of 2015, as compared to $0.6 billion for the first six months of 2014, an approximate $1.6 billion improvement year-over-year. Significant components of our operating results for the first six months of 2015 are as follows (in millions, except percentage changes):

 

     2015     2014     Increase
(Decrease)
    % Increase
(Decrease)
 

Operating revenue

    $ 18,522       $ 19,025       $ (503     (2.6

Operating expense

     16,336        18,468        (2,132     (11.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     2,186        557        1,629        NM   

Nonoperating expense

     (478     (372     106        28.5   

Income tax expense

     7        5        2        40.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    $ 1,701       $ 180       $ 1,521        NM   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

NM - Not meaningful

Certain consolidated statistical information for the Company’s operations for the six months ended June 30 is as follows:

 

     2015      2014      Increase
(Decrease)
    %  Increase
(Decrease)
 

Passengers (thousands) (a)

     67,753              67,737              16          

RPMs (millions) (b)

     100,733              100,283              450        0.4   

ASMs (millions) (c)

     121,954              120,430              1,524        1.3   

Passenger load factor (d)

     82.6 %         83.3 %         (0.7) pts.        N/A   

PRASM (cents)

     13.20              13.59              (0.39     (2.9

Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents) (e)

     15.98              16.32              (0.34     (2.1

CASM (cents)

     13.40              15.34              (1.94     (12.6

Average price per gallon of fuel, including fuel taxes

    $ 2.09             $ 3.13             $ (1.04     (33.2

Fuel gallons consumed (millions)

     1,900              1,920              (20     (1.0

Average full-time equivalent employees

     82,000              82,600              (600     (0.7

 

(a) The number of revenue passengers measured by each flight segment flown.

(b) The number of scheduled miles flown by revenue passengers.

(c) The number of seats available for passengers multiplied by the number of scheduled miles those seats are flown.

(d) Revenue passenger miles divided by available seat miles.

(e) The average passenger revenue received for each revenue passenger mile flown.

Operating Revenue

The table below shows year-over-year comparisons by type of operating revenue for the six months ended June 30 (in millions, except for percentage changes):

 

      2015      2014      Increase
(Decrease)
    % Change  

Passenger—Mainline

    $ 12,899        $ 12,996        $ (97     (0.7

Passenger—Regional

     3,197         3,369         (172     (5.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total passenger revenue

     16,096         16,365         (269     (1.6

Cargo

     471         441         30        6.8   

Other operating revenue

     1,955         2,219         (264     (11.9
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   
    $ 18,522        $ 19,025        $ (503     (2.6
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

32


The table below presents selected passenger revenue and operating data, broken out by geographic region, expressed as year-over-year changes for the six months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014:

 

         Domestic            Pacific            Atlantic            Latin          Total
  Mainline     
       Regional          Consolidated    
Increase (decrease) from 2014 (a):                     

Passenger revenue (in millions)

   $ 41           $ (109)          $ (57)          $ 28           $ (97)          $ (172)          $ (269)       
Passenger revenue      0.6 %         (4.8)%         (2.0)%         2.0 %         (0.7)%         (5.1)%         (1.6)%   

Average fare per passenger

     (2.2)%         (5.8)%         1.2 %         (3.7)%         (3.2)%         (0.1)%         (1.7)%   

Yield

     0.1 %         (8.8)%         0.8 %         (4.9)%         (2.0)%         (0.2)%         (2.1)%   

PRASM

     (0.7)%         (8.2)%         (1.0)%         (6.4)%         (2.7)%         (0.9)%         (2.9)%   

Average stage length

     (2.4)%         5.6 %         1.7 %         2.6 %         (0.9)%         0.7 %         0.9 %   

Passengers

     2.9 %         1.0 %         (3.2)%         5.9 %         2.6 %         (5.0)%         — %   

RPMs (traffic)

     0.5 %         4.4 %         (2.8)%         7.2 %         1.2 %         (4.9)%         0.4 %   
ASMs (capacity)      1.4 %         3.7 %         (1.1)%         8.9 %         2.1 %         (4.3)%         1.3 %   

Passenger load factor (points)

     (0.8)            0.6             (1.4)            (1.3)            (0.7)            (0.6)            (0.7)      

(a) See Item 6 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 for the definition of these statistics.

Consolidated passenger revenue in the first six months of 2015 decreased 1.6% as compared to the year-ago period due to a decrease in consolidated yield of 2.1% year-over-year. Yields were impacted by a competitive domestic fare environment, unfavorable foreign currency results due to the strengthening of the U.S. dollar and international surcharge declines. The decline in yields was partially offset by a 0.4% and 1.3% year-over-year increase in traffic and capacity, respectively.

Other operating revenue in the first six months of 2015 decreased $264 million, or 11.9%, as compared to the year-ago period due to a reduction in sales of aircraft fuel to a third party, partially offset by year-over-year increases in MileagePlus and ancillary revenue.

Operating Expenses

The table below includes data related to the Company’s operating expenses for the six months ended June 30 (in millions, except for percentage changes):

 

      2015      2014      Increase
(Decrease)
     % Change  

Salaries and related costs

    $ 4,755         $ 4,340         $ 415          9.6    

Aircraft fuel

     3,970          6,018          (2,048)         (34.0)   

Regional capacity purchase

     1,153          1,150                  0.3    

Landing fees and other rent

     1,096          1,139          (43)         (3.8)   

Depreciation and amortization

     874          826          48          5.8    

Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs

     828          929          (101)         (10.9)   

Distribution expenses

     660          664          (4)         (0.6)   

Aircraft rent

     395          446          (51)         (11.4)   

Special charges

     119          221          (102)         NM    

Other operating expenses

     2,486          2,735          (249)         (9.1)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    
    $ 16,336         $ 18,468         $ (2,132)         (11.5)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Salaries and related costs increased $415 million, or 9.6%, in the first six months of 2015 as compared to the year-ago period primarily due to profit sharing accruals as a result of improved profitability, higher pay rates driven by new collective bargaining agreements, an increase in medical and dental costs and an increase in pension expense resulting from changes in actuarial assumptions, partially offset by a 0.7% reduction in the number of employees.

 

33


Aircraft fuel expense decreased $2.0 billion, or 34%, year-over-year primarily due to a 33% decrease in the average price per gallon of aircraft fuel, combined with a 1.0% decrease in fuel consumption in the first six months of 2015 compared to the year-ago period. The table below presents the significant changes in aircraft fuel cost per gallon in the six months ended June 30, 2015 as compared to the year-ago period:

 

     (In millions)             Average price per gallon  
      2015      2014      %
Change
     2015      2014      %
Change
 
Total aircraft fuel purchase cost excluding fuel hedge impacts     $ 3,691         $ 6,014