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EX-31.2 - SECTION 302 CFO CERTIFICATION - SEMTECH CORPsmtc-04262015xex312.htm
EX-32.1 - SECTION 906 CEO CERTIFICATION - SEMTECH CORPsmtc-04262015xex321.htm
EX-32.2 - SECTION 906 CFO CERTIFICATION - SEMTECH CORPsmtc-04262015xex322.htm
EX-31.1 - SECTION 302 CEO CERTIFICATION - SEMTECH CORPsmtc-04262015xex311.htm


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 
____________________________________
FORM 10-Q
____________________________________
(Mark One)
x
Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 26, 2015
or
o
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from             to             
Commission File Number 1-6395
____________________________________ 
SEMTECH CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 ____________________________________
 
 
 
Delaware
 
95-2119684
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

200 Flynn Road, Camarillo, California, 93012-8790
(Address of principal executive offices, Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (805) 498-2111
____________________________________
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
x
  
Accelerated filer
  
o
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
o   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
  
o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act):    Yes  o    No  x
Number of shares of Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding at May 29, 2015: 66,437,135
 




SEMTECH CORPORATION
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTER ENDED APRIL 26, 2015
 

2




Unless the context otherwise requires, the use of the terms "Semtech," “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q refers to Semtech Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries.


Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking and Cautionary Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended, based on our current expectations, estimates and projections about our operations, industry, financial condition, performance, results of operations, and liquidity. Forward-looking statements are statements other than historical information or statements of current condition and relate to matters such as future financial performance, future operational performance, the anticipated impact of specific items on future earnings, and our plans, objectives and expectations. Statements containing words such as “may,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “estimate,” “should,” “will,” “designed to,” “projections,” or “business outlook,” or other similar expressions constitute forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results and events to differ materially from those projected. Potential factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: fluctuation in the Company's future results; downturns in the business cycle; reduced demand for the Company's products due to the global economic conditions; business interruptions; the Company's reliance on a limited number of suppliers and subcontractors for component and materials; potentially insufficient liability insurance if the Company's products are found to be defective; the Company maybe unsuccessful in developing and selling new products; the Company's products failing to meet industry standards; the Company's inability to protect intellectual property rights; the Company suffering losses if its products infringe the intellectual property rights of others; the Company's need to commit resources to product production prior to receipt of purchase commitments; increased business risk from foreign customers; the Company's foreign currency exposures; potential increased tax liabilities and effective tax rate if the Company needs to repatriate funds held by foreign subsidiaries; export restrictions and laws affecting the Company's trade and investments; competition against larger, more established entities; the loss of any one of the Company's significant customers; volatility of customer demand; termination of a contract by a distributor; government regulations and other standards that impose operational and reporting requirements; the Company's failure to comply with applicable environmental regulations; compliance with conflict minerals regulations; changes in tax laws and review by taxing authorities; taxation of the Company in other jurisdictions; the Company's failure to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures; potential government investigations and inquiries; loss of the Company's key personnel; risks associated with companies the Company has acquired in the past and may acquire in the future and the Company's ability to successfully integrate acquired businesses and benefit from expected synergies; the Company's ability to generate cash to service its debt obligations; restrictive covenants in the Company's credit agreement which may restrict its ability to pursue its business strategies; the Company's reliance on certain critical information systems for the operation of its business; costs associated with the Company's indemnification of certain customers, distributors and other parties; the Company's share price could be subject to extreme price fluctuations; the Company's ability to realize expected benefits of the implementation of a new enterprise resource planning ("ERP") system; and disruption of the Company's operations caused by the adjustment to the new ERP system and the transition from the Company's legacy systems and databases. Additionally, forward-looking statements should be considered in conjunction with the cautionary statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including, without limitation, information under the captions “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Risk Factors” and additional factors that accompany the related forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 25, 2015 including, without limitation information under the caption “Risk Factors”, in other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), and in material incorporated herein and therein by reference. In light of the significant risks and uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking information included herein that may cause actual performance and results to differ materially from those predicted, any such forward-looking information should not be regarded as representations or guarantees by the Company of future performance or results, or that its objectives or plans will be achieved, or that any of its operating expectations or financial forecasts will be realized. Reported results should not be considered an indication of future performance. Investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking information contained herein, which reflect management’s analysis only as of the date hereof. Except as required by law, the Company assumes no obligation to publicly release the results of any update or revision to any forward-looking statement that may be made to reflect new information, events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated or future events, or otherwise.

In addition to regarding forward-looking statements with caution, you should consider that the preparation of the consolidated financial statements requires us to draw conclusions and make interpretations, judgments, assumptions and estimates with respect to certain factual, legal, and accounting matters. Our financial statements might have been materially impacted if we had reached different conclusions or made different interpretations, judgments, assumptions or estimates.

3




PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.
Financial Statements

SEMTECH CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
Net sales
$
130,088

 
$
132,859

Cost of sales
51,688

 
54,775

Gross profit
78,400

 
78,084

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative
37,675

 
31,696

Product development and engineering
29,678

 
27,813

Intangible amortization
6,163

 
6,425

Restructuring charge

 
1,001

Total operating costs and expenses
73,516

 
66,935

Operating income
4,884

 
11,149

Interest expense, net
(1,834
)
 
(1,387
)
Non-operating expense, net
(493
)
 
(278
)
Income before taxes
2,557

 
9,484

Provision for taxes
2,699

 
1,617

Net (loss) income
$
(142
)
 
$
7,867

(Loss) earnings per share:
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.00

 
$
0.12

Diluted
$
0.00

 
$
0.12

Weighted average number of shares used in computing earnings per share:
 
 
 
Basic
66,713

 
67,300

Diluted
66,713

 
67,970

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4




SEMTECH CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF
COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
  
Three Months Ended
 
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
Net (loss) income
$
(142
)
 
$
7,867

Other comprehensive loss, before tax:
 
 
 
Available-for-sale investments:
 
 
 
Change in unrealized holding income on available-for-sale investments

 
1

Interest rate hedge:
 
 
 
Change in unrealized loss on interest rate cap
(19
)
 
(110
)
Reclassification to interest expense
115

 
33

Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax
96

 
(76
)
(Provision) benefit for taxes related to items of other comprehensive (loss) income
(42
)
 
28

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
54

 
(48
)
Total comprehensive (loss) income
$
(88
)
 
$
7,819

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5




SEMTECH CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share data)
 
April 26, 2015
 
January 25, 2015
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
211,504

 
$
230,328

Accounts receivable, less allowances of $3,857 at April, 26 2015 and $3,523 at January 25, 2015
85,845

 
69,301

Inventories
75,033

 
73,668

Deferred tax assets
2,451

 
2,478

Prepaid taxes
3,406

 
1,544

Other current assets
20,859

 
19,369

Total current assets
399,098

 
396,688

Non-current assets:
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $125,499 at April 26, 2015 and $120,588 at January 25, 2015
111,575

 
115,471

Deferred tax assets
74

 
106

Goodwill
329,703

 
280,319

Other intangible assets, net
107,355

 
101,600

Other assets
38,875

 
35,247

TOTAL ASSETS
$
986,680

 
$
929,431

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
52,282

 
$
32,448

Accrued liabilities
43,724

 
49,754

Deferred revenue
6,893

 
5,848

Current portion - long-term debt
18,552

 
18,547

Other current liabilities
10,000

 

Deferred tax liabilities
1,444

 
1,444

Total current liabilities
132,895

 
108,041

Non-current liabilities:
 
 
 
Deferred tax liabilities
2,477

 
2,477

Long term debt, less current portion
265,106

 
234,746

Other long-term liabilities
50,501

 
32,809

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 250,000,000 shares authorized, 78,136,144 issued and 66,389,228 outstanding on April 26, 2015 and 78,136,144 issued and 66,812,919 outstanding on January 25, 2015
785

 
785

Treasury stock, at cost, 11,746,916 shares as of April 26, 2015 and 11,323,225 shares as of January 25, 2015
(237,971
)
 
(222,969
)
Additional paid-in capital
371,030

 
371,596

Retained earnings
401,640

 
401,783

Accumulated other comprehensive income
217

 
163

Total stockholders’ equity
535,701

 
551,358

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
$
986,680

 
$
929,431

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6




SEMTECH CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
$
(142
)
 
$
7,867

Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities, net of effects of acquisitions:
 
 
 
Depreciation, amortization and impairments
12,040

 
12,004

Accretion of deferred financing costs and debt discount
313

 
250

Deferred income taxes
(390
)
 
1

Stock-based compensation
5,946

 
6,847

Loss on disposition of property, plant and equipment

 
2

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
(16,359
)
 
4,611

Inventories
(873
)
 
4,962

Prepaid expenses and other assets
(4,684
)
 
(1,235
)
Accounts payable
21,613

 
(1,352
)
Accrued liabilities
(8,095
)
 
(10,557
)
Deferred revenue
1,045

 
(1,573
)
Income taxes payable and prepaid taxes
1,205

 
154

Other liabilities
3,078

 
788

Net cash provided by operating activities
14,697

 
22,769

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from sales and maturities of available-for-sale investments

 
500

Purchase of property, plant and equipment
(4,841
)
 
(6,379
)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(34,932
)
 

Purchases of other investments
(2,230
)
 
(3,043
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(42,003
)
 
(8,922
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Borrowings under line of credit
35,000

 

Payment for employee stock-based compensation payroll taxes
(3,602
)
 
(2,985
)
Proceeds from exercises of stock options
1,785

 
1,785

Repurchase of outstanding common stock
(20,014
)
 
(10,000
)
Payment of long term debt
(4,687
)
 
(4,687
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
8,482

 
(15,887
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(18,824
)
 
(2,040
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
230,328

 
243,194

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
211,504

 
$
241,154

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

7




SEMTECH CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 1: Organization and Basis of Presentation
Nature of Business
The Company is a global supplier of analog and mixed-signal semiconductor products. The end-customers for the Company’s products are primarily original equipment manufacturers (“OEM’s”) that produce and sell electronics.
The Company designs, develops and markets a wide range of products for commercial applications, the majority of which are sold into the enterprise computing, communications, high-end consumer and industrial end-markets.
Enterprise Computing: datacenters, passive optical networks, desktops, notebooks, servers, graphic boards, monitors, printers and other computer peripherals.
Communications: base stations, optical networks, carrier networks, switches and routers, cable modems, wireless LAN and other communication infrastructure equipment.
High-End Consumer: handheld products, smartphones, set-top boxes, digital televisions, tablets, digital video recorders and other consumer equipment.
Industrial: video broadcast studio equipment, automated meter reading, Internet of Things ("IoT"), smart grid, military and aerospace, medical, security systems, automotive, industrial and home automation, video security and surveillance and other industrial equipment.
Fiscal Year
The Company reports results on the basis of 52 and 53 week periods and ends its fiscal year on the last Sunday in January. The other quarters generally end on the last Sunday of April, July and October. All quarters consist of 13 weeks except for one 14-week period in 53-week years. The first quarter of fiscal years 2016 and 2015 each consisted of 13 weeks.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). In the opinion of the Company, these unaudited statements contain all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company for the interim periods presented. All significant intercompany balances have been eliminated. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, and the Company believes that the included disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. The Company evaluated all subsequent events through the date these interim condensed consolidated financial statements were issued.
In January 2015, the Company completed the acquisition of EnVerv, Inc. (“EnVerv”). In March 2015, the Company completed the acquisition of Triune Systems, L.L.C. ("Triune"). These interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the results of operations of EnVerv and Triune commencing as of their acquisition dates.
These interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 25, 2015. The results reported in these interim condensed consolidated financial statements should not be regarded as indicative of results that may be expected for any subsequent period or for the entire year.
Segment Information
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2016, the Company completed a reassessment of its operations in light of its recent strategic business decisions. Based on this reassessment, the Company has identified five operating segments in total. Four of the operating segments aggregate into one reportable segment, the Semiconductor Products Group. The remaining operating segment, the Systems Innovation Group (shown as “All others”), could not be aggregated with the other operating segments and did not meet the criteria for a separate reportable segment as defined by the guidance regarding segment disclosure. The Company’s Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) has been identified as the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) as defined by the segment disclosure guidance (see Note 15 for further discussion) and now receives discrete financial information pertaining to the Systems Innovation Group. As a result, the financial activity associated with the Systems Innovation Group is being reported separately from the Company’s reportable segment. This separate reporting is included in the “All others” category. The Company reported “All others” as part of the Company’s one reportable segment for the three month period ended April 27, 2014. The historical activity of the reportable segment has been recast for consistent presentation for the three month period ended April 27, 2014.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In April 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-08, Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) and Property, Plant, and Equipment (Topic 360): Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity. ASU 2014-08 changes the requirements for reporting discontinued operations in FASB Accounting Standards Codification Subtopic 205-20, such that a disposal of a component of an entity or a group of components of an entity is required to be reported in discontinued operations if the disposal represents a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results. ASU 2014-08 requires an entity to present, for each comparative period, the assets and liabilities of a disposal group that includes a discontinued operation separately in the asset and liability sections, respectively, of the statement of financial position, as well as additional disclosures about discontinued operations. Additionally, ASU 2014-08 requires disclosures about a disposal of an individually significant component of an entity that does not qualify for discontinued operations presentation in the financial statements and expands the disclosures about an entity’s significant continuing involvement with a discontinued operation. The accounting update is effective for annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2014. Accordingly, the Company has adopted the provisions of this new accounting standard at the beginning of fiscal year 2016, and has assessed the impact on its consolidated financial statements to be immaterial.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which requires an entity to recognize revenue from the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The guidance addresses, in particular, contracts with more than one performance obligation, as well as the accounting for some costs to obtain or fulfill a contract with a customer, and provides for additional disclosures with respect to revenues and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. Public entities are required to apply the amendments on either a full- or modified-retrospective basis for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and for interim periods within those annual periods. This update will be effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018. Early adoption is not permitted. The Company is currently assessing the basis of adoption and evaluating the impact of the adoption of the update on its consolidated financial statements.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. The new standard intends to simplify the presentation of debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the associated debt liability. The new guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period and early application is permitted. The Company plans to adopt the provisions of this new accounting standard at the beginning of fiscal year 2017, and is currently assessing the impact on its consolidated financial statements.

8




Note 2: Acquisitions

Triune Systems, L.L.C
On March 4, 2015 the Company acquired Triune Systems, L.L.C., a privately-held supplier of wireless charging and power management platforms targeted at, among other things, high and low power, high efficiency applications. Under the terms of the purchase agreement the Company acquired all of the outstanding equity interest in Triune for a guaranteed minimum purchase price of $45.0 million consisting of $35.0 million in cash paid at closing, with an additional cash consideration of $10.0 million to be paid six months after the transaction closing date and additional contingent consideration subject to achieving certain future financial goals (“Triune Earn-out”). Under the terms of the Triune Earn-out, up to $70.0 million of consideration will be paid over three years if certain revenue targets are achieved in each of the fiscal years 2016 through 2018. An additional payment of up to $16.0 million will be paid after fiscal year 2018 if certain cumulative revenue and operating income targets are achieved. The fair value of the Triune Earn-out is estimated to be $16.7 million, of which $16.2 million is presented under "Other liabilities" in the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of April 26, 2015. The remaining portion of the Triune Earn-out that is dependent on continued employment is accounted for as compensation expense as the requisite services are provided (see Note 13). During the quarter ended April 26, 2015, the Company borrowed $35.0 million under its revolving line of credit in connection with this acquisition (see Note 10 for discussion regarding Credit Facilities).
The acquisition is accounted for under the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with the FASB’s Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 805, Business Combinations. Total acquisition consideration will be allocated to the acquired tangible and intangible assets and assumed liabilities of Triune based on their respective estimated fair values as of the acquisition date. Acquisition-related transaction costs are not included as a component of consideration transferred, but are accounted for as an expense in the period in which the costs are incurred. Any excess of the acquisition consideration over the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed will be allocated to goodwill. The goodwill resulted from expected synergies from the transaction, including complementary products that will enhance the Company’s overall product portfolio, and opportunities within new markets. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the fair value of the acquired tangible and intangible assets and goodwill assumed in the business combination. As of April 26, 2015, based on the Company’s preliminary estimates, $10.0 million of the total acquisition consideration has been allocated to core technologies, $2.0 million to customer relationships and $49.4 million to goodwill. The remaining balance was allocated to identifiable tangible assets and assumed liabilities. The Company expects that all such goodwill will be deductible for tax purposes.
The purchase price allocation for the Triune acquisition is preliminary and will be finalized upon collection of information regarding the fair values of assets and liabilities acquired. The primary areas of the preliminary purchase price allocation that are not yet finalized include fair values of certain tangible assets and liabilities acquired, identifiable intangible assets, certain legal matters, income and non-income based taxes, residual goodwill, the allocation of goodwill to reporting units, and its impact on segment reporting. The Company expects to complete the purchase price allocation for its acquisition of Triune in the third quarter of fiscal 2016.
Net revenues and earnings attributable to Triune since the acquisition date were not material. Pro forma results of operations have not been presented as Triune's annual operating results are not material to the Company’s consolidated financial results.
EnVerv, Inc.
On January 13, 2015, the Company paid $4.9 million to acquire select assets from EnVerv, a privately-held supplier of power line communications (“PLC”) and Smart Grid solutions targeted at advanced metering infrastructure, home energy management systems and IoT applications. The Company has concluded that the acquired assets constituted a business and accordingly accounted for this transaction as a business combination.
The purchase price allocation for the EnVerv acquisition was finalized in the first quarter of fiscal year 2016. Total acquisition consideration has been allocated to the acquired tangible and intangible assets and assumed liabilities based on their respective estimated fair values as of the acquisition date. The excess of the acquisition consideration over the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed has been allocated to goodwill. As of April 26, 2015, $1.4 million of the total acquisition consideration has been allocated to core technologies and the remaining $3.4 million has been allocated to goodwill. The Company expects that all such goodwill will be deductible for tax purposes.
Net revenues and earnings attributable to EnVerv since the acquisition date were not material. Pro forma results of operations have not been presented as EnVerv’s annual operating results are not material to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

9




Note 3: (Loss) Earnings per Share
The computation of basic and diluted (loss) earnings per common share is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
Net (loss) income
$
(142
)
 
$
7,867

 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic
66,713

 
67,300

Dilutive effect of options and restricted stock units

 
670

Weighted average common shares outstanding - diluted
66,713

 
67,970

 
 
 
 
Basic (loss) earnings per common share
$
0.00

 
$
0.12

Diluted (loss) earnings per common share
$
0.00

 
$
0.12

 
 
 
 
Anti-dilutive shares not included in the above calculations
2,525

 
1,662

Basic (loss) earnings per common share is computed by dividing net (loss) income available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the reporting period. Diluted (loss) earnings per common share incorporates the incremental shares issuable, calculated using the treasury stock method, upon the assumed exercise of stock options and the vesting of restricted stock, except for periods of operating loss for which no common share equivalents are included because their effect would be anti-dilutive.
Note 4: Revenue Recognition
The Company recognizes product revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. Recovery of costs associated with product design and engineering services are recognized during the period in which services are performed. The product design and engineering recovery, when recognized, will be reported as a reduction to product development and engineering expense. Historically, these recoveries have not exceeded the cost of the related development efforts.
The Company includes revenue related to granted technology licenses in “Net sales” within the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Historically, revenue from these arrangements has not been significant though it is part of the Company’s recurring ordinary business.
The Company defers revenue recognition on shipment of products to certain customers, principally distributors, under agreements which provide for limited pricing credits or return privileges, until these products are sold through to end-users or the return privileges lapse. For sales subject to certain pricing credits or return privileges, the amount of future pricing credits or inventory returns cannot be reasonably estimated given the relatively long period in which a particular product may be held by the customer. Therefore, the Company has concluded that sales to customers under these arrangements are not fixed and determinable at the date of the sale and revenue recognition has been deferred. The Company estimates the deferred gross margin on these sales by applying an average gross profit margin to the actual gross sales. The average gross profit margin is calculated for each category of material using standard costs which is expected to approximate actual costs at the date of sale. The estimated deferred gross margins on these sales, where there are no outstanding receivables, are included in “Deferred revenue” within the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The Company records a provision for estimated sales returns and rebates in the same period as the related revenues are recorded. The Company bases these estimates on historical sales returns, rebates and other known factors. Actual returns could be different from Company estimates and current provisions for sales returns and allowances, resulting in future charges to earnings. The Company reviews material subject to return for impairment for purposes of computing deferred cost of sales. There were no significant impairments of deferred cost of sales in the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 or fiscal year 2015.

10




Note 5: Stock-Based Compensation
Financial Statement Effects and Presentation. The following table summarizes pre-tax, stock-based compensation expense included in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations captions for the three months ended April 26, 2015 and April 27, 2014, respectively.
 
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
Cost of sales
$
475

 
$
363

Selling, general and administrative
3,214

 
4,065

Product development and engineering
2,257

 
2,419

Stock-based compensation
$
5,946

 
$
6,847

Net change in stock-based compensation capitalized into inventory
$
74

 
$
(9
)
Stock-based Payment Arrangements
The Company has various equity award plans that provide for granting stock-based awards to employees and non-employee directors of the Company. The plans provide for the granting of several available forms of stock-based compensation. As of April 26, 2015, the Company has granted stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units under the plans and has also issued some stock-based compensation outside of the plans, including stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units issued as inducements to join the Company.
Grant Date Fair Values and Underlying Assumptions: Contractual Terms
The Company uses the Black-Scholes pricing model to value stock options. The estimated fair value of restricted stock units, for which vesting is not linked to a market condition, is calculated based on the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant. For restricted stock units that vest according to a market condition, the Company uses a Monte Carlo simulation model to value the award.
Some of the restricted stock units granted in the first three months of fiscal year 2016 and prior years are classified as liabilities rather than equity. For grants classified as equity, stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the fair value of the award, and is recognized as an expense over the grantee’s requisite service period. For grants classified as liabilities, stock-based compensation cost is measured at fair value at the end of each reporting period until the date of settlement, and is recognized as an expense over the grantee’s requisite service period. Expected volatilities are based on historical volatility using daily and monthly stock price observations.
The following table summarizes the assumptions used in the Black-Scholes model to determine the fair value of stock options granted in the three months ended April 26, 2015 and April 27, 2014, respectively:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
Expected lives, in years
4.2 - 4.3
 
3.0 - 4.4
Estimated volatility
29%
 
33% - 34%
Dividend yield
 
Risk-free interest rate
1.24% - 1.27%
 
1.26% - 1.31%
Weighted average fair value on grant date
$7.38
 
$7.22


11




Stock Option Awards. The Company has historically granted stock options to both employees and non-employee directors. The fair value of these grants was measured on the grant date and is being recognized as an expense over the requisite vesting period (typically 3-4 years).
The following table summarizes the activity for stock options for the three months ended April 26, 2015:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in thousands, except for per share amounts)
Number
of
Shares
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
(per share)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 
Aggregate
Unrecognized
Compensation
 
Number of
Shares
Exercisable
 
Weighted
Average
Contractual
Term
(in years)
Balance at January 25, 2015
1,763

 
$
23.70

 
$
7,722

 
$
4,688

 
986
 
 
Options granted
170

 
28.60

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Options exercised
(114
)
 
15.60

 
1,321

 
 
 
 
 
 
Options cancelled/forfeited
(51
)
 
24.31

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at April 26, 2015
1,768

 
$
24.68

 
$
3,024

 
$
4,962

 
1,032
 
 
Exercisable at April 26, 2015
1,032

 
$
22.80

 
$
3,017

 
 
 
 
 
2.4
Performance Units. The Company grants performance-based vesting restricted stock units to select employees. These awards have a performance condition in addition to a service condition. The performance metrics are determined based on a pre-defined cumulative three-year performance of the Company’s revenue and operating income measured against internal goals. The performance award which is granted in any fiscal year will be tied to the Company’s performance of that fiscal year and the succeeding two fiscal years.  The performance award recipients must be employed for the entire three-year period, which is the explicit service and requisite service period, and be an active employee at the time of vesting of the awards (cliff vesting at the end of the third year). Under the terms of these awards, assuming the highest performance level of 200% with no cancellations due to forfeitures, the maximum number of shares that can be earned would be 547,032 shares and an additional 547,032 shares would be settled in cash. The Company would have a liability accrued under “Other liabilities” within the condensed consolidated balance sheet equal to the value of 547,032 shares on the settlement date, which would be settled in cash. Only cash performance-based restricted stock unit awards are classified as liabilities and the value of these awards is re-measured at each reporting date. At April 26, 2015, the performance metrics associated with the outstanding awards issued in fiscal years 2016, 2015 and 2014 are expected to be met at a level which would result in a grant at 100%, 95%, and 75% of target, respectively.
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 the Company granted performance-based vesting restricted stock units to select employees as part of the EnVerv transaction. These awards have a performance condition in addition to a service condition. The performance metrics are determined based on a pre-defined revenue target. In addition to the performance vesting condition, these awards have a requisite four year vesting term (which is also the requisite vesting period) whereby 25% will vest, subject to attainment of the performance condition, on each anniversary of the grant date. Under the terms of these awards, assuming the highest performance level of 100% with no cancellations due to forfeitures, the maximum number of shares that can be earned would be 54,000. At April 26, 2015, the performance metrics associated with the outstanding awards issued in fiscal year 2016 are expected to be met at a level which would result in a grant at 54,000 shares.

The Performance Units are valued as of the measurement date and expense is recognized on a straight line basis for the awards expected to vest based on the probability of attainment of the performance condition for each separately vesting portion of the award.

12




The following table summarizes the activity for performance-based restricted stock units for the three months ended April 26, 2015:
 
 
 
Subject to
Share Settlement
 
Subject to
Cash Settlement
 
Weighted 
Average
Grant Date Fair Value
(per unit)
 
Aggregate Unrecognized
Compensation
 
Weighted Average Period Over
Which Expected to be Recognized
(in years)
(in thousands, except for per unit amounts)
Total
Units
 
Units
 
Units
 
Recorded
Liability
 
 
 
Balance at January 25, 2015
426

 
211

 
215

 
$
1,891

 
$
27.17

 
$
6,164

 
1.6
Performance-based units granted
235

 
145

 
90

 
 
 
28.60

 
 
 
 
Performance-based units vested

 

 

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Performance-based units cancelled/forfeited
(61
)
 
(30
)
 
(31
)
 
 
 
27.83

 
 
 
 
Change in liability
 
 
 
 
 
 
(18
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at April 26, 2015
600

 
326

 
274

 
$
1,873

 
$
27.67

 
$
10,161

 
2.0

Changes in the liability associated with performance-based restricted stock units, which is recorded in “Other current liabilities” and “Other long-term liabilities” within the condensed consolidated balance sheets, is due to changes in proportionate vesting and estimated forfeitures, re-measurement adjustments related to changes in market value and changes in the expected performance results.

Market Performance Restricted Stock Units. On February 26, 2014, the Company granted its CEO restricted stock units with a market performance condition. The award is eligible to vest during the period commencing February 26, 2014 and ending February 26, 2019 (the “Performance Period”) as follows: 30% of the restricted stock units covered by the award will vest if, during any consecutive 120 calendar day period that commences and ends during the Performance Period, the average per-share closing price of the Company’s common stock equals or exceeds $35.00 (“Tranche 1”) and the award will vest in full if, during any consecutive 120 calendar day period that commences and ends during the Performance Period, the average per-share closing price of the Company’s common stock equals or exceeds $40.00 (“Tranche 2”). The award will also vest if a majority change in control of the Company occurs during the Performance Period and, in connection with such event, the Company’s stockholders become entitled to receive per-share consideration having a value equal to or greater than $40.00.
The following tables summarize the assumptions used in the Monte Carlo simulation model to determine the fair value of restricted stock units granted in the first three months of fiscal year 2015 for both Tranche 1 and Tranche 2.
Tranche 1:
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 27, 2014
Expected lives, in years
1.6
Estimated volatility
34%
Dividend yield
Risk-free interest rate
1.50%
Fair value on grant date
$17.26
Tranche 2:
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 27, 2014
Expected lives, in years
2.1
Estimated volatility
34%
Dividend yield
Risk-free interest rate
1.50%
Fair value on grant date
$14.88

13




The following table summarizes the activity for market performance restricted stock units for the three months ended April 26, 2015:
 
 
 
Weighted 
Average
Grant Date Fair Value
(per unit)
 
Aggregate Unrecognized
Compensation
 
Period Over
Which Expected to be Recognized
(in years)
(in thousands, except for per unit amounts)
Total
Units
 
 
 
Balance at January 25, 2015
220

 
$
15.59

 
$

 
1.2
Market performance units granted

 

 
 
 
 
Market performance units vested

 

 
 
 
 
Market performance units cancelled/forfeited

 

 
 
 
 
Balance at April 26, 2015
220

 
$
15.59

 
$
1,286

 
0.7

Restricted Stock Units, Employees. The Company grants restricted stock units to employees which are expected to be settled with stock. The grant date for these awards is equal to the measurement date. These awards are valued as of the measurement date and recognized as an expense over the requisite vesting period (typically 4 years).

The following table summarizes the employees’ restricted stock unit activity for the three months ended April 26, 2015:
(in thousands, except for per unit amounts)
Number of
Units
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
(per unit)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value (1)
 
Aggregate
Unrecognized
Compensation
 
Weighted Average
Period Over
Which Expected
to be Recognized
(in years)
Balance at January 25, 2015
2,138

 
$
26.43

 
 
 
$
44,506

 
2.4
Restricted stock units granted
266

 
28.60

 
 
 
 
 
 
Restricted stock units vested
(275
)
 
27.66

 
$
7,797

 
 
 
 
Restricted stock units forfeited
(132
)
 
25.98

 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at April 26, 2015
1,997

 
$
26.58

 
 
 
$
43,649

 
2.4

(1)
Reflects the value of Semtech Corporation stock on the date that the restricted stock unit vested.
Restricted Stock Units, Non-Employee Directors. The Company grants restricted stock units to non-employee directors. These restricted stock units are accounted for as liabilities because they are cash settled. These awards are vested after one year of service. However, because these awards are not typically settled until a non-employee director’s separation from service, the value of these awards is re-measured at the end of each reporting period until settlement.
The following table summarizes the non-employee directors’ activity for restricted stock units for the three months ended April 26, 2015:
 
(in thousands, except for per unit amounts)
Number of
Units
 
Recorded
Liability
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
(per unit)
 
Aggregate
Unrecognized
Compensation
 
Period Over
Which Expected
to  be Recognized
(in years)
Balance at January 25, 2015
24

 
$
5,214

 
$
26.59

 
$
275

 
0.4
Restricted stock units granted

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Restricted stock units vested

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Restricted stock units forfeited

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Change in liability
 
 
(529
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at April 26, 2015
24

 
$
4,685

 
$
26.59

 
$
101

 
0.2
As of April 26, 2015, the total number of vested but unsettled restricted stock units for non-employee directors is 202,780 units. As of April 26, 2015, $0.5 million of the liability associated with these awards is included in “Accrued liabilities” within the condensed consolidated balance sheet, with the remainder of the liability included in “Other long-term liabilities” within the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

14




Note 6: Investments
Investments that have original maturities of three months or less are accounted for as cash equivalents. This includes money market funds, time deposits and United States (“U.S.”) government obligations. Temporary and long-term investments consist of government, bank and corporate obligations, with original maturity dates in excess of three months. Temporary investments have original maturities in excess of three months, but mature within twelve months of the balance sheet date. Long-term investments have original maturities in excess of twelve months. The Company determines the cost of securities sold based on the specific identification method. Realized gains or losses are reported in “Non-operating expense, net” within the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The Company classifies its investments as “available-for-sale” because it may sell some securities prior to maturity. The Company’s investments are subject to market risk, primarily interest rate and credit risks. The Company’s investments are managed by a limited number of outside professional managers that operate within investment guidelines set by the Company. These guidelines include specified permissible investments, minimum credit quality ratings and maximum average duration restrictions and are intended to limit market risk by restricting the Company’s investments to high quality debt instruments with relatively short-term maturities.
The following table summarizes the Company’s cash and available-for-sale investments:
 
April 26, 2015
 
January 25, 2015
(in thousands)
Market Value
 
Adjusted
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized Gain
 
Market Value
 
Adjusted
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gain
Cash equivalents
$
23,277

 
$
23,277

 
$

 
$
23,271

 
$
23,271

 
$

Total investments
$
23,277

 
$
23,277

 
$

 
$
23,271

 
$
23,271

 
$

Agency securities are specific securities that are issued by U.S. government agencies such as Ginnie Mae, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac or the Federal Home Loan Banks. Due to the expectation of federal backing, these securities usually hold the highest credit rating possible.
The following table summarizes the maturities of the Company’s cash and available-for-sale investments:
 
April 26, 2015
 
January 25, 2015
(in thousands)
Market Value
 
Adjusted Cost
 
Market Value
 
Adjusted Cost
Within 1 year
$
23,277

 
$
23,277

 
$
23,271

 
$
23,271

After 1 year through 5 years

 

 

 

Total investments
$
23,277

 
$
23,277

 
$
23,271

 
$
23,271

Unrealized gains and losses are the result of fluctuations in the market value of the Company’s available-for-sale investments and are included in “Accumulated other comprehensive income” within the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The following table summarizes net unrealized gains arising in the periods presented in addition to the tax associated with these comprehensive income items:
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
Unrealized gain, net of tax
$

 
$
1

Increase to deferred tax liability

 
1

The following table summarizes interest income generated from investments and cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
Interest income
$
5

 
$
8


The Company accounts for its equity investments under the cost method of accounting when it does not have the ability to exercise significant influence over the investees. For investments where the Company has the ability to exercise significant influence, it uses the equity method of accounting.

In the first quarter of fiscal year 2016, the Company acquired an equity stake in Idosens S.A.S. ("Idosens") (see Note 18).

Cost Method Investments
(in thousands)
Equity Investment
Balance at January 25, 2015
$
12,148

Additions
1,600

Balance at April 26, 2015
$
13,748


Equity Method Investments
(in thousands)
Equity Investment
Balance at January 25, 2015
$

Investment in Idosens
30

Balance at April 26, 2015
$
30

Note 7: Fair Value Measurements
Instruments Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
Financial assets and liabilities measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis consisted of the following types of instruments:
 
 
Fair Value as of April 26, 2015
 
Fair Value as of January 25, 2015
(in thousands)
Total
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
 
Total
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
Financial Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
23,277

 
$
23,277

 
$

 
$

 
$
23,271

 
$
23,271

 
$

 
$

Total available-for-sale securities
23,277

 
23,277

 

 

 
23,271

 
23,271

 

 

Interest rate cap
14

 

 
14

 

 
33

 

 
33

 

Total financial assets
$
23,291

 
$
23,277

 
$
14

 
$

 
$
23,304

 
$
23,271

 
$
33

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Triune Earn-Out
$
16,200

 
$

 
$

 
$
16,200

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Total financial liabilities
$
16,200


$


$


$
16,200


$


$


$


$

Available-for-sale securities included in Level 2 are valued utilizing inputs obtained from an independent service (the “Service”), which uses quoted market prices for identical or comparable instruments rather than direct observations of quoted prices in active markets. The Service gathers observable inputs for all of our fixed income securities from a variety of industry data providers, for example, large custodial institutions and other third-party sources. Once the observable inputs are gathered by the Service, all data points are considered and an average price is determined. The Service’s providers utilize a variety of inputs to determine their quoted prices. The Company reviews and evaluates the values provided by the Service and agrees with the valuation methods and assumptions used in determining the fair value of investments. The Company believes this method provides a reasonable estimate for fair value.
The fair value of the interest rate cap at April 26, 2015 and January 25, 2015 is estimated as described in Note 11 and is included in “Other assets” within the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The Triune Earn-out liability is valued utilizing estimates of cumulative revenue and operating income (Level 3 inputs). These estimates represent inputs for which market data are not available and are developed using the best information available about the assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the liability.

15




Financial assets measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis were presented on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets as follows:
 
Fair Value as of April 26, 2015
 
Fair Value as of January 25, 2015
(in thousands)
Total
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
 
Total
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
Financial assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
23,277

 
$
23,277

 
$

 
$

 
$
23,271

 
$
23,271

 
$

 
$

Other assets
14

 

 
14

 

 
33

 

 
33

 

Total financial assets
$
23,291

 
$
23,277

 
$
14

 
$

 
$
23,304

 
$
23,271

 
$
33

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Triune Earn-Out
$
16,200

 
$

 
$

 
$
16,200

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Total financial liabilities
$
16,200

 
$

 
$

 
$
16,200

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

During the three months ended April 26, 2015, the Company had no transfers of financial assets or liabilities between Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3. As of April 26, 2015 and January 25, 2015, the Company had not elected the fair value option for any financial assets and liabilities for which such an election would have been permitted.
Instruments Not Recorded at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
Some of the Company’s financial instruments are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis but are recorded at amounts that approximate fair value due to their liquid or short-term nature. Such financial assets and financial liabilities include cash and cash equivalents, receivables, net, certain other assets, accounts payable, accrued expenses, accrued personnel costs, and other current liabilities.
The Company’s long-term debt is not recorded at fair value on a recurring basis, but is measured at fair value for disclosure purposes. The fair value of the Company’s Term Loans (as defined in Note 10) is $91.2 million and $95.9 million and Revolving Commitments (as defined in Note 10) is $193.0 million and $158.0 million at April 26, 2015 and January 25, 2015, respectively. These are based on Level 2 inputs which are derived from transactions with similar amounts, maturities, credit ratings and payment terms.
Assets and Liabilities Recorded at Fair Value on a Non-Recurring Basis
The Company reduces the carrying amounts of its goodwill, intangible assets, long-lived assets and non-marketable equity securities to fair value when held for sale or determined to be impaired.
For its investment in equity interests, the Company has not identified events or changes in circumstances that may have a significant adverse effect on the fair value of its investments during the first three months of fiscal year 2016.
Note 8: Inventories
Inventories, consisting of material, material overhead, labor, and manufacturing overhead, are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or market and consist of the following:
 
(in thousands)
April 26, 2015
 
January 25, 2015
Raw materials
$
2,510

 
$
1,624

Work in progress
46,906

 
36,759

Finished goods
25,617

 
35,285

Inventories
$
75,033

 
$
73,668


16




Note 9: Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Goodwill – Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill were as follows:
(in thousands)
Signal Integrity
 
Power and High Reliability
 
Wireless, Sensing and Timing
 
Total
Balance as of January 25, 2015
$
261,891

 
$

 
$
18,428

 
$
280,319

Additions

 
49,384

 

 
49,384

Balance at April 26, 2015
$
261,891

 
$
49,384

 
$
18,428

 
$
329,703


During the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 goodwill associated with the Power and High Reliability product group increased due to the Company's acquisition of Triune (see Note 2).
Goodwill is not amortized, but is tested for impairment using a two-step method on an annual basis and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. The recoverability of goodwill is measured at the reporting unit level by comparing the reporting unit’s carrying amount, including goodwill, to the fair market value of the reporting unit.
Goodwill is allocated to three reporting units (Signal Integrity, Power and High Reliability and Wireless, Sensing and Timing) (see Note 15). The difference between the fair value and the carrying amount of these reporting units is one of several factors the Company will consider before reaching its conclusion about whether to perform the first step of the goodwill impairment test.
Goodwill was tested for impairment as of November 30, 2014, the date of the Company’s annual impairment review, at the reporting unit level for Signal Integrity and Wireless, Sensing and Timing. The Company estimated the fair values using an income approach, as well as other generally accepted valuation methodologies. The cash flows for each reporting unit were based on discrete financial forecasts developed by management for planning purposes. Cash flows beyond the discrete forecasts were estimated using a terminal value calculation, which incorporated historical and forecasted financial trends for each identified reporting unit and considered perpetual earnings growth rates for publicly traded peer companies.
Goodwill is measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis. That is, goodwill is not measured at fair value on an ongoing basis, but is subject to fair value adjustments using Level 3 inputs in certain circumstances (e.g., when there is evidence of impairment). At April 26, 2015, the Company concluded that there were no indicators of such impairment.
Purchased Intangibles – The following table sets forth the Company’s finite-lived intangible assets resulting from business acquisitions and technology licenses purchased, which continue to be amortized:
 
 
 
 
April 26, 2015
 
January 25, 2015
(in thousands)
Estimated
Useful Life
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Carrying
Amount
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Carrying
Amount
Core technologies
2-10 years
 
$
144,155

 
$
(58,363
)
 
$
85,792

 
$
134,155

 
$
(53,286
)
 
$
80,869

Customer relationships
7-10 years
 
30,030

 
(12,546
)
 
17,484

 
28,030

 
(11,480
)
 
16,550

Technology licenses (1)
5-10 years
 
263

 
(184
)
 
79

 
263

 
(169
)
 
94

Other intangibles assets
1-5 years
 
6,600

 
(6,600
)
 

 
6,600

 
(6,513
)
 
87

Total finite-lived intangible assets
 
 
$
181,048

 
$
(77,693
)
 
$
103,355

 
$
169,048

 
$
(71,448
)
 
$
97,600

 
(1)
Technology licenses relate to end-license agreements for intellectual property that is used by the Company in research and development activities and also has alternative future uses. Amortization expense related to technology licenses is reported as “Product development and engineering” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
For the three months ended April 26, 2015 and April 27, 2014, amortization expense related to acquired finite-lived intangible assets was $6.2 million and $6.4 million, respectively. Amortization expense related to acquired finite-lived intangible assets is reported as “Intangible amortization” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

17




The estimated annual amount of future amortization expense for all finite-lived intangible assets will be as follows:
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
To be recognized in:
Core Technologies
 
Customer Relationships
 
Technology Licenses
 
Total
Remaining nine months of fiscal year 2016
$
15,481

 
$
3,300

 
$
38

 
$
18,819

Fiscal year 2017
20,641

 
4,400

 
41

 
25,082

Fiscal year 2018
20,641

 
4,400

 

 
25,041

Fiscal year 2019
17,230

 
4,400

 

 
21,630

Fiscal year 2020
9,398

 
950

 

 
10,348

Thereafter
2,401

 
34

 

 
2,435

Total expected amortization expense
$
85,792

 
$
17,484

 
$
79

 
$
103,355


At April 26, 2015 and January 25, 2015, the Company had a total of $4.0 million of indefinite-lived intangible assets consisting of in-process Research and Development (“IPR&D”) from previous acquisitions for which development is continuing.
The Company reviews indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. Recoverability of indefinite-lived intangible assets is measured by comparing the carrying amount of the asset to the future discounted cash flows the asset is expected to generate.
Indefinite-lived intangible assets are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis using Level 3 inputs in certain circumstances (e.g. when there is evidence of impairment). At April 26, 2015 the Company concluded that there were no indicators of impairment.
Note 10: Credit Facilities
On March 20, 2012, Semtech Corporation (“Semtech”) entered into a credit agreement with certain lenders (the “Prior Lenders”) and Jefferies Finance LLC, as administrative and collateral agent (the “Prior Credit Agreement”). Pursuant to the Prior Credit Agreement, the Prior Lenders provided the Company with senior secured first lien credit facilities in an aggregate principal amount of $350.0 million (the “Prior Credit Facilities”), consisting of term A loans in an aggregate principal amount of $100.0 million (the “Term A Loans”) and term B loans in an aggregate principal amount of $250.0 million (the “Term B Loans”). The initial carrying amounts totaled $99.5 million (net of original issue discount of $0.5 million) for the Term A Loans and $247.5 million (net of original issue discount of $2.5 million) for the Term B Loans.
On May 2, 2013 (the “Closing Date”), Semtech, with each of its domestic subsidiaries as guarantors (the “Guarantors”), entered into a new Credit Agreement (the “New Credit Agreement”) with the lenders referred to therein (the “Lenders”) and HSBC Bank USA, National Association, as administrative agent and as swing line lender and letter of credit issuer. In accordance with the New Credit Agreement, the Lenders provided Semtech with senior secured first lien credit facilities in an aggregate principal amount of $400.0 million (the “New Facilities”) for a five year term, consisting of term loans in an aggregate principal amount of $150.0 million (the “Term Loans”) and revolving line of credit commitments in an aggregate principal amount of $250.0 million (the “Revolving Commitments”). The Revolving Commitments can be used as follows: up to $40.0 million for letters of credit, up to $25.0 million for swing line loans (as defined below), and up to $40.0 million for revolving loans and letters of credit in certain currencies other than U.S. Dollars (“Alternative Currencies”). Swing line loans are Base Rate (as defined below) loans made in immediately available funds denominated in dollars by a swing line lender in its sole and absolute discretion. As of April 26, 2015, there were no amounts outstanding under the letters of credit, swing line loans, and Alternative Currencies.
At the Closing Date, $326.6 million of borrowings were outstanding under the New Facilities consisting of $149.3 million of Term Loans and $177.3 million of Revolving Commitments, net of $1.4 million of debt discounts resulting from amounts paid to the Lenders. As a result of debt refinancing and changes in some of the Lenders, $0.8 million of debt discounts were expensed in the second quarter of fiscal year 2014 and $0.6 million was capitalized as of May 2, 2013 and is being amortized using the effective interest method over the five year term of the New Credit Agreement. The expense is included in “Interest expense, net” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The proceeds from the New Facilities were used to repay in full the outstanding obligations of $327.5 million under the Prior Credit Facilities, which were terminated. The portion of the transaction associated with Prior Lenders was accounted for as a debt modification.
Deferred financing costs incurred in the second quarter of fiscal year 2014, in connection with the New Facilities, were approximately $2.2 million, of which $1.0 million was expensed, inclusive of certain legal costs directly related to the refinancing. Of this amount $1.2 million was capitalized and is being amortized using the effective interest method over the

18




five year term of the New Facilities. The expense is included in “Interest expense, net” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended April 26, 2015.
As a result of the debt refinancing, the Company recorded a $7.1 million loss on debt modification of unamortized deferred financing costs and original issue discount associated with the Prior Credit Facilities in the fiscal year ended January 26, 2014. The remaining $1.7 million of unamortized deferred financing costs and original issue discount associated with the Prior Credit Facilities is being amortized over the five year terms of the New Facilities. The expense is included in “Interest expense, net” within the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended April 26, 2015.
The New Credit Agreement provides that, subject to certain conditions, Semtech may request, at any time and from time to time, the establishment of one or more additional term loan facilities and/or increases to the Revolving Commitments in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $100.0 million, the proceeds of which may be used for working capital and general corporate purposes; however the Lenders are not required to provide such increase upon our request.
Interest on loans made under the New Credit Agreement in U.S. Dollars accrues, at Semtech’s option, at a rate per annum equal to (1) the Base Rate plus a margin ranging from 0.25% to 1.25% depending upon Semtech’s consolidated leverage ratio or (2) London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) (determined with respect to deposits in U.S. Dollars) for an interest period to be selected by Semtech plus a margin ranging from 1.25% to 2.25% depending upon Semtech’s consolidated leverage ratio. The “Base Rate” is equal to a fluctuating rate equal to the highest of (a) the prime rate (as published by The Wall Street Journal), (b) ½ of 1% above the federal funds effective rate or (c) one-month LIBOR (determined with respect to deposits in U.S. Dollars) plus 1%. Alternative Currencies, other than Canadian Dollars, accrues at a rate per annum equal to LIBOR (determined with respect to deposits in the applicable Alternative Currency) for an interest period to be selected by Semtech plus a margin ranging from 1.25% to 2.25% depending upon Semtech’s consolidated leverage ratio. Interest on loans in Canadian Dollars accrues at a rate per annum equal to the CDOR Rate (as defined below) for an interest period to be selected by Semtech plus a margin ranging from 1.25% to 2.25% depending upon Semtech’s consolidated leverage ratio. The “CDOR Rate” for any interest period is the rate equal to the sum of: (a) the rate determined by the administrative agent with reference to the arithmetic average of the discount rate quotations of all institutions listed for CAD Dollar-denominated bankers’ acceptances displayed and identified on the “Reuters Screen CDOR Page” and (b) 0.10% per annum. CDOR Commitment fees on the unused portion of the Revolving Commitments accrue at a rate per annum ranging from 0.20% to 0.45% depending upon Semtech’s consolidated leverage ratio. Interest is paid monthly for a Base Rate loan and swing line loan and quarterly for a Euro dollar rate loan. Interest is payable on the revolving line of credit maturity date in the case of Revolving Commitments and the additional term maturity date in the case of additional Term Loans, respectively. As of April 26, 2015, the interest rates payable on both the Term Loans and the Revolving Commitments was 1.93%.
As of April 26, 2015, there was $91.2 million outstanding under the Term Loans. Under the terms of the New Credit Agreement, the Company is required to make $4.7 million in quarterly principal payments on the Term Loans through the second quarter of fiscal year 2018. Beginning in the third quarter of fiscal year 2018, the required quarterly principal payments will increase to $7.5 million. Quarterly principal payments for Term Loans are due beginning on the last day of the Company’s fiscal quarter-end and will continue through April 30, 2018. The principal payments related to the Term Loans are due as follows: $14.1 million remaining in fiscal year 2016; $18.8 million in fiscal year 2017; $24.4 million in fiscal year 2018. The final remaining principal payment is due on the maturity date of May 1, 2018.
There are no scheduled principal payments for the Revolving Commitments which had an outstanding balance of $193.0 million at April 26, 2015 and is due on or before May 1, 2018. The Company may, upon notice to the administrative agent, at any time or from time to time voluntarily prepay the Term Loans or Revolving Commitments in whole or in part without premium or penalty. On June 3, 2013, the Company made an early prepayment of $26.0 million against the Term Loans. On July 14, 2014, the Company made a voluntary payment of $25.0 million against the Revolving Commitments. On March 4, 2015 the Company borrowed $35.0 million under the Revolving Commitments in connection with the acquisition of Triune (see Note 2).
All obligations of Semtech under the New Facilities are unconditionally guaranteed by each of the Guarantors and are secured by a first priority security interest in substantially all of the assets of Semtech and the Guarantors, subject to certain customary exceptions.
Semtech and the Guarantors are subject to customary covenants under the New Facilities, including the maintenance of a minimum interest ratio of 3.50:1.00 as of April 26, 2015 and a maximum total consolidated leverage ratio of 3.00:1.00 as of April 26, 2015. Semtech was in compliance with such financial covenants as of April 26, 2015.
The New Facilities also contain customary provisions pertaining to events of default. If any event of default occurs, the principal, interest, and any other monetary obligations on all the then outstanding amounts can become due and payable immediately.

19




Note 11: Interest Rate Derivative Agreement
In June 2012, in connection with the Prior Credit Agreement (see Note 9), Semtech entered into an interest rate cap agreement (“Cap Agreement”) with a $175.0 million notional amount and an upfront payment of $1.1 million. The Cap Agreement matures on February 22, 2016 and caps interest rates on one-month LIBOR at 1.00%.
The purpose of the Cap Agreement is to hedge the Company’s exposure to fluctuations in LIBOR-indexed interest payments. Although the Prior Credit Agreement was terminated on May 2, 2013, the New Credit Agreement, in an aggregate principal amount of $400.0 million (see Note 10), permits Semtech to elect LIBOR or Base Rate loans. Since Semtech intends to make interest payments based on one-month LIBOR-indexed rates and will not elect interest rates based on alternative indices during the term of the Cap Agreement, the Cap Agreement was re-designated as a hedge of one month LIBOR-indexed interest payments associated with the New Credit Agreement. The effectiveness of the interest rate cap was assessed and the Cap Agreement continues to be an effective cash flow hedge of interest rate risk for the Company. No ineffectiveness was recorded during the three months ended April 26, 2015.
The Cap Agreement is recorded at estimated fair value at the end of each reporting period. The fair value of the Cap Agreement at April 26, 2015 was determined using Level 2 inputs, including observable market-based inputs such as interest rate curves and implied volatilities for similar instruments with similar contractual terms.
The Company has determined that the Cap Agreement is highly effective in offsetting future variable interest payments associated with the hedged portion of the Company’s New Credit Agreement. Gains or losses associated with the value of the Cap Agreement are initially reported in other comprehensive income or loss and amortized as an increase to interest expense through the maturity of the Cap Agreement. The amount of unrealized losses on the Cap Agreement recorded in “Accumulated other comprehensive income” at April 26, 2015 that is expected to be reclassified into interest expense in the next twelve months, if interest rates remain unchanged, is approximately $0.7 million.
Note 12: Income Taxes
The Company’s effective tax rate differs from the statutory federal income tax rate of 35% due primarily to regional mix of income and certain undistributed foreign earnings for which no U.S. taxes are provided because such earnings are intended to be indefinitely reinvested outside of the U.S.
The Company uses a two-step approach to recognize and measure uncertain tax positions (“UTP”). The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement.
A reconciliation of the beginning and ending amount of net unrecognized tax benefits is as follows:
(in thousands)
 
Balance at January 25, 2015
7,774

Additions based on tax positions related to the current year
122

Reductions for tax positions of prior years, net
(253
)
Balance as of April 26, 2015
7,643

The gross unrecognized tax benefit (before federal impact of state items) was $9.8 million and $9.9 million at April 26, 2015 and January 25, 2015, respectively. Included in the balance of unrecognized tax benefits at April 26, 2015 and January 25, 2015, is $7.6 million and $7.8 million of net tax benefit (after federal impact of state items), respectively, that, if recognized, would impact the effective tax rate, subject to the valuation allowance.
The liability for UTP is reflected within the consolidated balance sheets as follows:
 
(in thousands)
April 26, 2015
 
January 25, 2015
Deferred tax assets - non-current
$
7,643

 
$
7,522

Other long-term liabilities

 
252

Total accrued taxes
$
7,643

 
$
7,774


20




The Company’s policy is to include net interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits within the provision for taxes on the consolidated statements of income. The Company had approximately $293,000 of net interest and penalties accrued at April 26, 2015 and January 25, 2015.
Tax years prior to 2012 (the Company’s fiscal year 2013) are generally not subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) except for items involving tax attributes that have been carried forward to tax years whose statute of limitations remains open. The Company is currently under IRS audit for fiscal year 2013 and expects to close those audits within the next twelve months. The Company's positions are expected to be sufficient to address matters that may arise under examination. For state returns, the Company is generally not subject to income tax examinations for years prior to 2010 (the Company’s fiscal year 2011). The Company has a significant tax presence in Switzerland for which Swiss tax filings have been examined through fiscal year 2013. The Company is also subject to routine examinations by various foreign tax jurisdictions in which it operates.

21




Note 13: Commitments and Contingencies
From time to time in the ordinary course of its business, the Company is involved in various claims, litigation, and other legal actions that are normal to the nature of its business, including with respect to intellectual property (“IP”), contract, product liability, employment, and environmental matters.
In accordance with accounting standards regarding loss contingencies, the Company accrues an undiscounted liability for those contingencies where the incurrence of a loss is probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated. The Company also discloses the amount accrued and the amount of a reasonably possible loss in excess of the amount accrued, if such disclosure is necessary for its financial statements not to be misleading. The Company does not record liabilities when the likelihood that the liability has been incurred is probable but the amount cannot be reasonably estimated, or when the liability is believed to be only reasonably possible or remote. The Company evaluates, at least quarterly, developments in its legal matters that could affect the amount of liability that has been previously accrued, and makes adjustments as appropriate. Significant judgment is required to determine both probability and the estimated amount. The Company may be unable to estimate a possible loss or range of possible loss due to various reasons, including, among others: (i) if the damages sought are indeterminate; (ii) if the proceedings are in early stages, (iii) if there is uncertainty as to the outcome of pending appeals, motions or settlements, (iv) if there are significant factual issues to be determined or resolved, and (v) if there are novel or unsettled legal theories presented. In such instances, there is considerable uncertainty regarding the ultimate resolution of such matters, including a possible eventual loss, if any.
Because litigation outcomes are inherently unpredictable, the Company’s evaluation of legal proceedings often involves a series of complex assessments by management about future events and can rely heavily on estimates and assumptions. While the consequences of certain unresolved proceedings are not presently determinable, and an estimate of the probable and reasonably possible loss or range of loss in excess of amounts accrued for such proceedings cannot be reasonably made, an adverse outcome from such proceedings could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s earnings in any given reporting period. However, in the opinion of management, after consulting with legal counsel, and taking into account insurance coverage, any ultimate liability related to current outstanding claims and lawsuits, individually or in the aggregate, is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial statements, as a whole. However, legal matters are inherently unpredictable and subject to significant uncertainties, some of which are beyond the Company’s control. As such, even though the Company intends to vigorously defend itself with respect to its legal matters, there can be no assurance that the final outcome of these matters will not materially and adversely affect the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
Environmental Matters
In 2001, the Company was notified by the California Department of Toxic Substances Control (“State”) that it may have liability associated with the clean-up of the one-third acre Davis Chemical Company site in Los Angeles, California. The Company has been included in the clean-up program because it was one of the companies that used the Davis Chemical Company site for waste recycling and/or disposal between 1949 and 1990. The Company joined with other potentially responsible parties and entered into a Consent Order with the State that required the group to perform a soils investigation at the site and submit a remediation plan. The State has approved the remediation plan, which completes the group’s obligations under the Consent Order. Although the Consent Order does not require the group to remediate the site and the State has indicated it intends to look to other parties for remediation, the State has not yet issued “no further action” letters to the group members. To date, the Company’s share of the group’s expenses has not been material and has been expensed as incurred.
The Company has used an environmental firm, specializing in hydrogeology, to perform monitoring of the groundwater at the Company’s former facility in Newbury Park, California that was leased for approximately forty years.  The Company vacated the building in May 2002.  Certain contaminants have been found in the local groundwater and site soils.  The location of key soil contamination (and some related site groundwater impact associated with the soil contamination) is concentrated in and found to emanate from an area of an underground storage tank that the Company believes to have been installed and primarily used in the early 1960s by a former tenant at the site who preceded the Company’s tenancy.  There are no litigation claims pending with respect to environmental matters at the Newbury Park site. 
The Los Angeles Regional Water Quality Control Board (“RWQCB”) having authority over the site issued joint instructions in November 2008, ordering the Company and the current owner of the site to perform additional assessments and surveys, and to create ongoing groundwater monitoring plans before any final regulatory action for “no further action” may be approved.  In September 2009, the regulatory agency issued supplemental instructions to the Company and the current site owner regarding previously ordered site assessments, surveys and groundwater monitoring.  In October 2013, an order was issued including a scope of proposed additional site work, monitoring, and proposed remediation activities.  The Company filed appeals of the October 2013 order seeking reconsideration by the RWQCB and review by the State Water Resources Control Board (“SWRCB”) of the removal of two other potentially responsible parties, and seeking clarification of certain other factual findings.  In April 2015, the RWQCB denied the Company’s request to name the two other potentially responsible parties to the order, but did correct certain findings of fact identified by the Company in its petition for reconsideration. The SWRCB has not yet ruled on the Company’s petition for review of the RWQCB’s action as the petition was filed with a request it be held in abeyance.
The Company has been engaged with the regulatory agency, including technical discussion between the Company’s environmental firm and RWQCB staff, and has initiated the technical efforts to comply with the order. The Company submitted technical reports prepared by the environmental firm to the RWQCB and has received confirmation regarding the satisfaction of portions of the order.  The Company also submitted a remedial action plan prepared by the environmental firm outlining the cleanup of soil, groundwater, and soil vapor at the site. The parties are continuing to work toward compliance with the October 2013 order and anticipate working cooperatively on any ultimate proposed cleanup and abatement work.
The Company has accrued liabilities where it is probable that a loss will be incurred and the cost or amount of loss can be reasonably estimated.  Based on the Company’s preliminary assessment following a November 2012 draft cleanup and abatement order, which has been reviewed under the October 2013 order pending the current appeal by the Company and other impacted parties, the Company had determined a likely range of probable loss between $2.7 million and $5.7 million. Based on recent determinations by the RWQCB and refinement of the draft remedial action plan, the Company has determined a likely range of probable loss between $4.8 million and $7.0 million.  Given the uncertainties associated with environmental assessment and the remediation activities, the Company is unable to determine a best estimate within the range of loss.  Therefore, the Company has recorded the minimum amount of $4.8 million, and such reserve remains on the Company’s books under “Other long-term liabilities” on the unaudited consolidated condensed balance sheets.  These estimates could change as a result of changes in planned remedial actions, further actions from the regulatory agency, remediation technology, and other factors.
Commercial Disputes
In November 2012, the Company terminated the services of Intrigo Systems, Inc. (“Intrigo”) for default under its agreement with the Company for consulting services pertaining to the implementation of an enterprise resource planning (“ERP”) system. On January 23, 2013, the Company received a letter from Intrigo claiming that the Company breached the agreement and demanding payment of $2.6 million. The Company responded to this letter and denied liability for the claim, based on Intrigo’s failure to perform as required under the agreement. On November 13, 2014, Intrigo filed its complaint (the “Complaint”) against Semtech in Alameda County Superior Court, seeking in excess of $2.7 million in monetary damages and alleging breach of contract, breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing, and fraud. On December 18, 2014, the Company answered the Complaint and filed its own cross-complaint (the “Cross-Complaint”) against Intrigo, seeking in excess of $3.7 million in monetary damages and alleging breach of contract, breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing, fraud, negligent misrepresentation, false advertising, money had and received, and unfair competition. The Cross-Complaint also seeks a declaration that the Company’s contractual agreement with Intrigo was terminated and that the Company has no remaining obligations under any contract. Discovery is proceeding. At this time, the Company is unable to express an opinion on the outcome of this case.
Indemnification
The Company has entered into agreements with its current and former executives and directors indemnifying them against certain liabilities incurred in connection with the performance of their duties. The Company’s Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws contain comparable indemnification obligations with respect to the Company’s current directors and employees.
Product Warranties
The Company’s general warranty policy provides for repair or replacement of defective parts. In some cases, a refund of the purchase price is offered. In certain instances the Company has agreed to other warranty terms, including some indemnification provisions.
The product warranty accrual reflects the Company’s best estimate of probable liability under its product warranties. The Company accrues for known warranty issues if a loss is probable and can be reasonably estimated, and accrues for estimated incurred but unidentified issues based on historical experience. Historically, warranty expense has been immaterial to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Earn-out Liability

Pursuant to the terms of the amended earn-out arrangement (“Cycleo Amended Earn-out”) with the former stockholders of Cycleo SAS (“Cycleo Earn-out Beneficiaries”), which the Company acquired on March 7, 2012, the Company potentially may make payments totaling up to approximately $16.0 million based on the achievement of a combination of certain revenue and operating income milestones over a defined period (“Cycleo Defined Earn-out Period”). The Cycleo Defined Earn-out Period covers the period April 27, 2015 to April 26, 2020. For certain of the Cycleo Earn-out Beneficiaries, payment of the earn-out liability is contingent upon continued employment and is accounted for as post-acquisition compensation expense over the service period. The portion of the earn-out liability that is not dependent on continued employment is not considered as compensation expense. The Company has recorded a liability for the Cycleo Amended Earn-out of $2.7 million and $1.7 million as of April 26, 2015 and January 25, 2015, respectively.
Pursuant to the terms of the Triune Earn-out with the former members of Triune (“Triune Earn-out Beneficiaries”), which the Company acquired on March 4, 2015, the Company potentially may make payments totaling up to approximately $70.0 million based on achievement of certain revenue targets measured at each fiscal year end, starting with fiscal year 2016 and ending in fiscal year 2018. An additional payment of up to $16.0 million may be made based upon a combination of cumulative revenue and operating income targets measured from the acquisition date through the end of the Company’s fiscal year 2018. For certain of the Triune Earn-out Beneficiaries, payment of the earn-out liability is contingent upon continued employment and is accounted for as post-acquisition compensation expense over the service period. The portion of the earn-out liability that is not dependent on continued employment is not considered as compensation expense. The Company has recorded a liability for the Triune Earn-out of $16.2 million, which represents the fair value as of April 26, 2015. This liability relates to the portion of the earn-out that is not dependent on continued employment. The Company will incur an additional $0.5 million of earn-out liability, subject to changes in fair value, through fiscal year 2018 that will be reported as compensation expense as the requisite services are provided.

22




Note 14: Concentration of Risk
Sales to the Company’s customers are generally made on open account, subject to credit limits the Company may impose, and the receivables are subject to the risk of being uncollectible.
The following significant customers accounted for at least 10% of net sales in one or more of the periods indicated:
 
Three Months Ended
(percentage of net sales)
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
Samsung Electronics (and affiliates)
8
%
 
14
%
The following table shows the customer that has an outstanding receivable balance that represents at least 10% of total net receivables for the periods indicated:
 
Balance as of
(percentage of net accounts receivable)
April 26,
2015
 
January 25,
2015
Samsung Electronics (and affiliates)
8
%
 
12
%
Outside Subcontractors and Suppliers
The Company relies on a limited number of outside subcontractors and suppliers for the production of silicon wafers, packaging and certain other tasks. Disruption or termination of supply sources or subcontractors, due to natural disasters such as an earthquake or other causes, could delay shipments and could have a material adverse effect on the Company. Although there are generally alternate sources for these materials and services, qualification of the alternate sources could cause delays sufficient to have a material adverse effect on the Company. Several of the Company’s outside subcontractors and suppliers, including third-party foundries that supply silicon wafers, are located in foreign countries, including China, Taiwan, Europe and Israel. The Company’s largest source of silicon wafers is an outside foundry located in China and a significant amount of the Company’s assembly and test operations are conducted by third-party contractors in China, Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand, Korea and the Philippines. For the first quarter of fiscal years 2016 and 2015, approximately 30% and 54%, respectively, of the Company’s silicon in terms of cost of wafers was supplied by a third-party foundry in China, and these percentages could be higher in future periods.
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2016, authorized distributors accounted for approximately 57% of the Company’s net sales compared to approximately 53% in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015. Generally, the Company does not have long-term contracts with its distributors and most can terminate their agreement with little or no notice. For the first quarter of fiscal year 2016, the Company’s two largest distributors were based in Asia.

23




Note 15: Segment information
Segment Information
See Note 1 regarding recent developments affecting the Company’s operating segments.

The Company has five operating segments in total. The Company’s CEO continues to function as the CODM. The Company’s CODM makes operating decisions and assesses performance based on these operating segments. Four of the operating segments: Protection Products; Power and High Reliability Products; Signal Integrity Products; and Wireless, Sensing and Timing Products, all have similar economic characteristics and have been aggregated into one reportable segment identified in the table below as the “Semiconductor Products Group”. The remaining operating segment, the Systems Innovation Group, cannot be aggregated with the other operating segments and does not meet the thresholds for a separate reportable segment as defined by the guidance regarding segment disclosure. Therefore the Company has classified it as “All others” in the tables below. The Company’s assets are commingled among the various reporting units and the CODM does not use that information in making operating decisions or assessing performance. Therefore, the Company has not included asset information by segment below.

Net sales by segment are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
Semiconductor Products Group
$
128,247

 
$
131,743

All others
1,841

 
1,116

Total
$
130,088

 
$
132,859

Income by segment and reconciliation to consolidated operating income:
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
Semiconductor Products Group
$
25,327

 
$
29,962

All others
(2,251
)
 
(2,705
)
   Operating Income by segment
23,076

 
27,257

Items to reconcile segment operating income to consolidated income before taxes
 
 
 
Intangible amortization and impairments
6,163

 
6,425

Stock-based compensation expense
5,946

 
6,847

Inventory write-down

 
1,052

Restructuring charges

 
1,001

Environmental reserve
2,335

 

Other non-segment related expenses
3,200

 
444

Amortization of fair value adjustments related to acquired PP&E
548

 
339

Interest expense, net
1,834

 
1,387

Non-operating (income) expense, net
493

 
278

Income before taxes
$
2,557

 
$
9,484


24




Information by Product Line
The Company operates exclusively in the semiconductor industry and primarily within the analog and mixed-signal sector.
The table below provides net sales activity by product line on a comparative basis for all periods.
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands, except percentages)
April 26, 2015
 
April 27, 2014
Signal Integrity
54,309

 
41
%
 
51,279

 
39
%
Protection
37,127

 
29
%
 
48,671

 
36
%
Wireless, Sensing and Timing
22,798

 
18
%
 
18,348

 
14
%
Power and High-Reliability
14,013

 
11
%
 
13,445

 
10
%
Systems Innovation
1,841

 
1
%
 
1,116

 
1
%
Total net sales
130,088

 
100
%
 
132,859

 
100
%
Geographic Information
The Company generates virtually all of its sales from its Semiconductor Products Group through sales of analog and mixed-signal devices.
Net sales activity by geographic region is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
Asia-Pacific
74
%
 
74
%
North America
17
%
 
14
%
Europe
9
%
 
12
%
 
100
%
 
100
%
The Company generally attributes sales to a country based on the ship-to address. The table below summarizes sales activity to countries that represented greater than 10% of total net sales for one or more of the periods presented:
 
Three Months Ended
(percentage of total sales)
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
China (including Hong Kong)
43
%
 
34
%
United States
12
%
 
13
%
Japan
8
%
 
10
%
South Korea
8
%
 
11
%

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes is as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
April 26,
2015
 
April 27,
2014
Domestic
$
(13,435
)
 
$
(5,137
)
Foreign
15,992

 
14,621

Total
$
2,557

 
$
9,484



25




Note 16: Stock Repurchase Program
The Company maintains an active stock repurchase program which was approved by the Company’s Board of Directors in March 2008. The stock repurchase program does not have an expiration date and the Board of Directors has authorized expansion of the program over the years. In November 2011 the Board of Directors authorized the Company to repurchase up to $50.0 million of shares of the Company’s common stock from time to time through negotiated or open market transactions. On August 21, 2013, the Company announced an additional $50.0 million expansion of the stock repurchase program, for a total authorized amount of $100.0 million. In November 2014, the Company announced that the Board of Directors authorized an additional $28.4 million of repurchases under the program, which together with the $21.6 million remaining under the program, brought the total unused or remaining authorization to $50.0 million, such authorization being subject to certain limitations, guidelines and conditions as directed by the Board of Directors. As of April 26, 2015, the Company had repurchased an aggregate $98.4 million in shares of common stock under the Program.
In the first three months of fiscal year 2016, the Company repurchased 734,645 shares for $20.0 million. In the first three months of fiscal 2015, the Company repurchased 384,884 for $10.0 million.
In May 2015, the Company announced that the Board of Directors had authorized an additional $70.0 million of repurchases under the stock repurchase program, which brought the total current remaining authorization to $100.0 million.
The Company currently intends to hold the repurchased shares as treasury stock. The Company typically reissues treasury shares to settle stock option exercises and vested restricted stock units.
Note 17: Divestiture

In the first quarter of fiscal year 2016, the Company completed its divestiture of its defense and microwave communications infrastructure business to Jariet Technologies, Inc. (“Jariet”) in exchange for an investment interest in that company. For the first quarter of fiscal years 2016 and 2015 the defense and microwave communications infrastructure business accounted for $4.1 million and $1.9 million in net revenue and non-recurring engineering reimbursements, respectively. This business was part of the Sierra Monolithics, Inc. acquisition completed in December 2009.

Under the terms of the transaction, the Company contributed assets, including inventory and equipment with a net book value of $0.6 million in exchange for an equity interest in the form of preferred stock, representing an approximately 21% voting interest in Jariet. Due to the anticipated continuing cash flows from our investment in Jariet, the Company did not account for the divestiture as a discontinued operation. In addition to the contribution of assets, certain contracts have been novated with future performance responsibilities being transferred to Jariet. Additional contracts are in the process of being novated with the intent of transferring performance responsibilities to Jariet.
Note 18: Related Parties

On February 6, 2015, the Company entered into an agreement with the shareholders of Idosens, a start-up wireless device design company, whereby the Company acquired a 45% equity interest in Idosens for cash and issued an interest free loan for $1.2 million and a remaining loan commitment for $1.2 million. The first loan installment of $1.2 million was disbursed upon the formation of Idosens in the first quarter of fiscal year 2016. The second installment will be disbursed upon the completion by Idosens of certain milestones. The loan matures on the tenth anniversary of the date of the first disbursement. Both the initial loan disbursement and equity interest purchased are classified on the balance sheet as “Other assets”. The Company’s maximum exposure to loss is limited to $1.2 million at April 26, 2015.

On April 10, 2015, the Company entered into an agreement whereby it exchanged the microwave and defense communications business comprised of tangible and intangible assets and received in return a 21% equity interest in Jariet, in the form of preferred stock. The fair value of the equity interest of $0.6 million received approximated the carrying value of the asset group, which comprised the business. The Company also licensed certain intellectual property to Jariet in exchange for royalties on future net sales of licensed products by Jariet. Additionally, the Company sold product with a value of approximately $0.4 million to Jariet subsequent to the disposition of the business.

26




ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Quarterly Report”).
Overview
Semtech Corporation (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, the “Company”, “we”, “our”, or “us”) designs, develops, manufactures and markets high-performance analog and mixed signal semiconductor products. We operate and account for results in one reportable segment and one non-reportable segment. See Note 15 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

Our product lines include:
Signal Integrity Products. We design, develop and market a portfolio of optical communications, broadcast video, surveillance video, active cable transceiver and backplane products used in a wide variety of enterprise computing, industrial, communications and high-end consumer applications. Our comprehensive portfolio of integrated circuits (“ICs”) for optical transceivers, backplane applications and high-speed interfaces ranges from 100Mbps to 100Gbps and supports key industry standards such as Fibre Channel, Infiniband, Ethernet, PON and SONET. Our broadcast video products offer advanced solutions for next generation video formats, ever increasing data rates and evolving I/O and distance requirements. Our security and surveillance products for high-definition closed circuit television (“HDcctv”) enable upgrade of analog closed circuit television installations to full digital HD, leveraging the installed base of COAX cabling, and our fully integrated transmit and receive products enable the highest performance, longest reach HDcctv standards-compliant designs.
We also sell proprietary advanced wired communication, ultra-high speed Serializer/Deserializer (“SerDes”) products for long-haul optical transport communication. These ICs perform transmission functions used in high-speed networks at 40Gbps and 100Gbps. We have ceased development of new products for this market due to our strategic decision in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014 to reduce investment in the long-haul optical market, but we continue to service our existing customer base.
Protection Products. We design, develop and market high performance protection devices, which are often referred to as transient voltage suppressors (“TVS”). TVS devices provide protection for electronic systems where voltage spikes (called transients), such as electrostatic discharge or secondary lightning surge energy, can permanently damage sensitive complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (“CMOS”) ICs. Our portfolio of protection solutions include filter and termination devices that are integrated with the TVS device. Our products provide robust protection while preserving signal integrity in high-speed communications, networking and video interfaces. These products also operate at very low voltage. Our protection products can be found in a broad range of applications including smart phones, LCD TVs, set-top boxes, tablets, computers, notebooks, base stations, routers, automobile, and industrial instruments.
Wireless, Sensing and Timing Products. We design, develop and market a portfolio of specialized radio frequency products used in a wide variety of industrial, medical and networking applications, and specialized sensing products used in industrial and consumer applications. Our wireless products feature industry leading and longest range industrial, scientific and medical radio, enabling a lower total cost of ownership and increased reliability in all environments, making them particularly suitable for machine to machine (“M2M”) and Internet of Things ("IoT") applications. Our unique sensing interface platforms can interface to any sensor and output digital data in any form. Specifically, the proximity sensing capability of our devices enable advanced user interface solutions for mobile and consumer products. Our wireless and sensing products can be found in a broad range of applications in the industrial, medical and consumer markets. The timing and synchronous products used in packet based communication networks provide leading edge timing solutions where IEEE1588 packet synchronization is used.

Power and High-Reliability Products. We design develop and market power product devices that control, alter, regulate and condition the power within electronic systems. The highest volume product types within the power product line are switching voltage regulators, combination switching and linear regulators, smart regulators, charge pumps and wireless charging. Our Power products feature highly integrated functionality for the telecom, industrial and computing markets and low-power, small form factor and high-efficiency products for mobile phones, notebook computers, computer peripherals and other consumer devices. The primary application for these products is power regulation for enterprise computing, communications, high-end consumer and industrial systems.
Our high-reliability discrete semiconductor products are comprised of rectifiers, assemblies (packaged discrete rectifiers) and other products that are typically used to convert alternating currents into direct currents and to protect circuits against very high voltage spikes or high current surges. Our high-reliability products can be found in a broad range of applications including industrial, military, medical, automotive, aerospace and defense systems, including satellite communications.

27




Systems Innovation Group. Our Systems Innovation Group combines the analog/mixed signal design competencies from our previous Sierra Monolithics, Inc. and Gennum Corporation acquisitions and is chartered with developing innovative analog/mixed signal intellectual property ("IP") for emerging systems. These IP cores are targeted at the datacenter, cloud computing and storage networking markets and complement our rapidly growing library of analog/mixed signal IP Cores that have been developed over several years by our Snowbush IP team based in Canada. We also have developed advanced products in Data Converter IP at the latest, cutting edge CMOS process nodes that are targeted at high performance communications systems. We believe this IP will contribute a critical part of the future IP and product roadmap for the Company.
Our sales by product line are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
April 26, 2015
 
April 27, 2014
Signal Integrity
54,309

 
51,279

Protection
37,127

 
48,671

Wireless, Sensing and Timing
22,798

 
18,348

Power and High-Reliability
14,013

 
13,445

Systems Innovation
1,841

 
1,116

Total
$
130,088

 
$
132,859

Most of our sales to customers are made on the basis of individual customer purchase orders. Many customers include cancellation provisions in their purchase orders. Trends within the industry toward shorter lead-times and “just-in-time” deliveries have resulted in our reduced ability to predict future shipments. As a result, we rely on orders received and shipped within the same quarter for a significant portion of our sales. Orders received and shipped in the first quarters of fiscal years 2016 and 2015 represented 52% and 47% of net sales, respectively. Sales made directly to customers during the first quarters of fiscal years 2016 and 2015 were 43% and 47% of net sales, respectively. The remaining sales were made through independent distributors. Our business relies on foreign-based entities. Most of our outside subcontractors and suppliers, including third-party foundries that supply silicon wafers, are located in foreign countries, including China, Taiwan, Europe and Israel. For the first quarter of fiscal years 2016 and 2015, approximately 30% and 54%, respectively, of our silicon, in terms of cost of wafers purchased, was manufactured in China. Foreign sales during the first quarter of fiscal years 2016 and 2015 constituted approximately 88% and 87%, respectively, of our net sales. Approximately 84% and 86% of foreign sales during the first quarters of fiscal years 2016 and 2015, respectively, were to customers located in the Asia-Pacific region. The remaining foreign sales were primarily to customers in Europe, Canada, and Mexico.
We use several metrics as indicators of future potential growth. The indicators that we believe best correlate to potential future revenue growth are design wins and new product releases. There are many factors that may cause a design win or new product release not to result in revenue, including a customer decision not to go to system production, a change in a customer’s perspective regarding a product’s value or a customer’s product failing in the end-market. As a result, although a design win or new product introduction is an important step towards generating future revenue, it does not inevitably result in us being awarded business or receiving a purchase commitment.
Historically, our results have reflected some seasonality, with demand levels generally lower in the computer and high-end consumer product lines during the first and fourth quarters of our fiscal year in comparison to the second and third quarters.
Restructuring
In December 2013, after filing our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended October 27, 2013, we became aware of changes tied to the decision of a customer, disclosed in our filings as a key customer, to transition from our standard product to their internal application specific integrated circuit (“ASIC”) solution. This decision by our key customer to utilize an internal ASIC solution was accelerated by continued delays in the release of capital investment tenders, primarily within China, which also provided other potential customers of ours with additional time to develop their internal solutions. While some of these potential customers had indicated an interest in transitioning to an internal ASIC solution, it was our key customer’s decision to do so that prompted our strategic reassessment and resulting restructuring.
Upon completing the reassessment of our strategic options in January 2014, we decided to reduce the level of investments that we are making in the long-haul optical market. This reduction in investment is expected to significantly impact our ability to generate future revenue from the long-haul optical market. This anticipated reduction in potential future revenue resulted in us recording significant impairments of goodwill and other intangibles. Additionally, certain long-lived assets were determined to be impaired. As a result of our communication to our customers regarding our operational changes, we expect our customers to

28




take action to transition away from some of our current platforms, including certain products in the 40Gbps and 100 Gbps SerDec class which resulted in us reducing the cost basis of inventories in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014. Additionally, we incurred significant costs to terminate certain contract commitments and to provide for certain severance benefits to employees who were terminated prior to January 26, 2014. Additionally, we incurred $1.0 million to terminate certain contract commitments and to provide for certain severance benefits to employees who were terminated as a result of these investment reductions. We completed the restructuring activities in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015.
We do not expect any significant changes to our liquidity as a result of our restructuring activities as most of the charges associated with these actions do not require settlement in cash.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
In addition to the discussion below, you should refer to the disclosures regarding our critical accounting policies in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 25, 2015 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 30, 2015.
Fiscal Periods
We report results on the basis of 52 or 53 week annual periods and end our fiscal year on the last Sunday in January. The interim periods generally end on the last Sunday of April, July and October. All interim periods consist of 13 weeks, with the exception of one 14-week interim period in 53-week fiscal years. The three month periods presented in this discussion for fiscal years 2015 and 2014 consisted of 13 weeks.
Revenue and Cost of Sales
We recognize product revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. Product design and engineering recoveries are recognized during the period in which services are performed. We include revenue related to granted technology licenses as part of “Net sales.” Historically, revenue from these arrangements has not been significant though it is part of our recurring ordinary business.
We record a provision for estimated sales returns in the same period as the related revenues are recorded. We base these estimates on historical sales returns and other known factors. Actual returns could be different from our estimates and current provisions for sales returns and allowances, resulting in future charges to earnings.
We defer revenue recognition on shipment of products to certain customers, principally distributors, under agreements which provide for limited pricing credits or product return privileges, until these products are sold through to end-users or the return privileges lapse. For sales subject to certain pricing credits or return privileges, the amount of future pricing credits or inventory returns cannot be reasonably estimated given the relatively long period in which a particular product may be held by the customer. Therefore, we have concluded that sales to customers under these arrangements are not fixed and determinable at the date of the sale and revenue recognition has been deferred. We estimate the deferred gross margin on these sales by applying an average gross profit margin to the actual gross sales. The average gross profit margin is calculated for each category of material using current standard costs which is expected to approximate actual costs at the date of sale. The estimated deferred gross margin on these sales, where there are no outstanding receivables, is recorded within the condensed consolidated balance sheets under the heading of “Deferred revenue.” There were no significant impairments of deferred cost of sales in fiscal year 2015 or the first three months of fiscal year 2016.
The following table summarizes the deferred revenue balance:
(in thousands)
April 26, 2015
 
January 25, 2015
Deferred revenue
$
6,086

 
$
6,237

Deferred cost of revenue
(1,319
)
 
(1,562
)
Deferred revenue, net
4,767

 
4,675

Deferred product design and engineering recoveries
2,126

 
1,173

Total deferred revenue
$
6,893

 
$
5,848

Gross Profit
Gross profit is equal to our net sales less our cost of sales. Our cost of sales includes materials, depreciation on fixed assets used in the manufacturing process, shipping costs, direct labor and overhead. We determine the cost of inventory by the first-in, first-out method.

29




Operating Costs
Our operating costs and expenses generally consist of selling, general and administrative, product development and engineering costs, costs associated with acquisitions, restructuring charges, and other operating related charges.
Results of Operations
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, our condensed consolidated statements of (loss) income expressed as a percentage of revenues.
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 26, 2015
 
April 27, 2014
Net sales
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
Cost of sales
39.7
 %
 
41.2
 %
Gross profit
60.3
 %
 
58.8
 %
Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative
29.0
 %
 
23.9
 %
Product development and engineering
22.8
 %
 
20.9
 %
Intangible amortization
4.7
 %
 
4.8
 %
Restructuring charge
 %
 
0.8
 %
Total operating costs and expenses
56.5
 %
 
50.4
 %
Operating income
3.8
 %
 
8.4
 %
Interest expense, net
(1.4
)%
 
(1.0
)%
Non-operating expense, net
(0.4
)%
 
(0.2
)%
Income before taxes
2.0
 %
 
7.1
 %
Provision for taxes
2.1
 %
 
1.2
 %
Net (loss) income
(0.1
)%
 
5.9
 %
Percentages may not add precisely due to rounding.
 
 
 

Our regional mix of income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
April 26, 2015
 
April 27, 2014
Domestic
$
(13,435
)
 
$
(5,137
)
Foreign
15,992

 
14,621

Total
$
2,557

 
$
9,484


Domestic loss from continuing operations includes amortization of acquired intangible assets and higher levels of stock-based compensation compared to foreign operations.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In April 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU“) No. 2014-08, Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) and Property, Plant, and Equipment (Topic 360): Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity. ASU 2014-08 changes the requirements for reporting discontinued operations in FASB Accounting Standards Codification Subtopic 205-20, such that a disposal of a component of an entity or a group of components of an entity is required to be reported in discontinued operations if the disposal represents a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results. ASU 2014-08 requires an entity to present, for each comparative period, the assets and liabilities of a disposal group that includes a discontinued operation separately in the asset and liability sections, respectively, of the statement of financial position, as well as additional disclosures about discontinued operations. Additionally, ASU 2014-08 requires disclosures about a disposal of an individually significant component of an entity that does not qualify for discontinued operations presentation in the financial statements and expands the disclosures about an entity’s significant continuing involvement with a discontinued operation. The accounting update is effective for annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2014. Accordingly, the Company

30




has adopted the provisions of this new accounting standard at the beginning of fiscal year 2016, and has assessed the impact on its consolidated financial statements to be immaterial.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which requires an entity to recognize revenue from the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.  The guidance addresses, in particular, contracts with more than one performance obligation, as well as the accounting for some costs to obtain or fulfill a contract with a customer, and provides for additional disclosures with respect to revenues and cash flows arising from contracts with customers.  Public entities are required to apply the amendments on either a full- or modified retrospective basis for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and for interim periods within those periods. This update will be effective for us beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018. Early adoption is not permitted.  We are currently assessing the basis of adoption and evaluating the impact of the adoption of this update on our consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs . This topic converges the guidance within U.S. GAAP and IFRS. The new standard intends to simplify the presentation of debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the associated debt liability. The new standard will more closely align the presentation of debt issuance costs under U.S. GAAP with the presentation under comparable IFRS. The new guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period and early application is permitted. We plan to adopt the provisions of this new accounting standard at the beginning of fiscal year 2017. We are currently assessing the impact on our consolidated financial statements.



31




Comparison of the Three Months Ended April 26, 2015 and April 27, 2014
All periods presented in the following summary of sales by major end-market reflect our current classification methodology:
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands, except percentages)
April 26, 2015
 
April 27, 2014
High-End Consumer (1)
$
35,811

 
28
%
 
$
42,068

 
33
%
Industrial and Other
34,383

 
26
%
 
33,018

 
25
%
Enterprise Computing
34,043

 
26
%
 
25,165

 
19
%
Communications
25,851

 
20
%
 
32,608

 
24
%
Total
$
130,088

 
100
%
 
$
132,859

 
100
%
(1)
Approximately $10.1 million and $14.9 million of our total sales to Samsung Electronics (and affiliates), one of our significant customers, in the first quarter of fiscal years 2016 and 2015, respectively, were for products that target the handheld market (which includes mobile phones). This activity is included in the high-end consumer end-market category.
Net Sales
Net sales for the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 were $130.1 million, a decrease of 2% compared to $132.9 million for the first quarter of fiscal year 2015. Strong demand for passive optical networks helped to drive strong growth in the Enterprise Computing end market. This strength was offset by weakness in our protections business as a result of weaker demand from Korea based customers and continuing reductions in demand for 40Gbps and 100Gbps SerDes products.
Based on recent bookings trends and our backlog entering the quarter, we are currently estimating net sales for the second quarter of fiscal year 2016 to be between $120.0 million and $130.0 million.

Gross Profit
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2016, gross profit increased to $78.4 million from $78.1 million in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015. Gross profit margins increased to 60.3% in the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 from 58.8% in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015 mainly due to inventory impairment charges in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015 and a more favorable mix of product sales in the first quarter of fiscal year 2016.
In the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, we expect our gross profit margin to decline in comparison to the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 as a result of lower sales and a less favorable mix of product sales.
Operating Costs and Expenses
 
Three Months Ended
 
Change
(in thousands, except percentages)
April 26, 2015
 
4/27/2014
 
Selling, general and administrative
$
37,675

 
51
%
 
$
31,696

 
47
%
 
19
 %
Product development and engineering
29,678

 
41
%
 
27,813

 
42
%
 
7
 %
Intangible amortization
6,163

 
8
%
 
6,425

 
10
%
 
(4
)%
Restructuring charge

 
%
 
1,001

 
1
%
 
 
Total operating costs and expenses
$
73,516

 
100
%
 
$
66,935

 
100
%
 
10
 %

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses increased by $6.0 million in the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 compared to the same quarter of fiscal year 2015. This was primarily due to higher support costs related to our new enterprise resource planning ("ERP") software, increased environmental remediation costs of $2.3 million and expenses related to our acquisition of Triune Systems, L.L.C. (“Triune”) of approximately $1.0 million. We expect amortization costs associated with our new ERP software to be approximately $0.6 million in subsequent quarters.
Product Development and Engineering Expenses
Product development and engineering expenses increased by $1.9 million in the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 compared to the first quarter of fiscal year 2015 as a result of the timing of certain development costs and our recent acquisitions of EnVerv, Inc. and Triune.

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The levels of product development and engineering expenses reported in a fiscal period can be significantly impacted, and therefore experience period over period volatility, by the number of new product tape-outs and by the timing of recoveries from non-recurring engineering services which are typically recorded as a reduction to product development and engineering expense.
Intangible Amortization
Intangible amortization was $6.2 million and $6.4 million in the first quarter of fiscal years 2016 and 2015, respectively. The 4.1% decrease in amortization expense reflects the impact of impairment charges recorded in fiscal 2015.
Interest Expense, Net
Interest and amortization of debt discount and expense was $1.8 million and $1.4 million in the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 and 2015, respectively. The $0.4 million increase is primarily related to higher levels of outstanding debt under our credit facilities and the impact of higher costs associated with our interest rate hedge.
Non-operating Income (Expense), Net
Non-operating income (expense), net includes interest income from our investments and the impact of foreign exchange activity related to cash balances and liabilities held in local currencies.
Income Taxes
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2016, we recorded an income tax provision of $2.7 million compared to a $1.6 million in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015. The effective tax rates for the first quarter of fiscal years 2016 and 2015 were a provision of 105.6% and 17.0%, respectively. The effective tax rate in the first quarter of 2016 is higher than the effective tax rate in the first quarter of 2015. The tax provision for the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 was impacted by the timing of earnings by region.
Our effective tax rate in the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 differs from the statutory federal income tax rate of 35% due primarily to a valuation reserve against our deferred tax assets and certain undistributed foreign earnings for which no U.S taxes are provided because such earnings are indefinitely reinvested outside of the U.S. We receive an income tax benefit from tax differentials due to our presence in foreign jurisdictions such as Switzerland and Canada where statutory rates are lower than U.S. federal tax rates. We are currently not aware of any uncertainties or trends relating to foreign tax differentials that could significantly impact our income taxes in future periods.
As a global organization, we are subject to audit by taxing authorities in various jurisdictions. To the extent that an audit, or the closure of a statute of limitations, results in our adjusting our reserves for uncertain tax positions, our effective tax rate could experience extreme volatility since any adjustment would be recorded as a discrete item in the period of adjustment.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our capital requirements depend on a variety of factors, including but not limited to, the rate of increase or decrease in our existing business base; the success, timing and amount of investment required to bring new products to market; revenue growth or decline; and potential acquisitions. We believe that we have the financial resources necessary to meet our liquidity and capital requirements for the next 12 months, including funds needed for working capital.
As of April 26, 2015, our total stockholders’ equity was $535.7 million. At that date we also had approximately $211.5 million in cash and temporary investments, and $283.7 million of borrowings, net of debt discount.

33




Our primary sources and uses of cash for the corresponding periods are presented below:                 
 
Three Months Ended
(in millions)
April 26, 2015
 
April 27, 2014
Sources of Cash
 
 
 
Operating activities
$
14.7

 
$
22.8

Proceeds from exercise of stock options
1.8

 
1.8

Proceeds from sale of investments

 
0.5

Borrowings under line of credit
35.0

 

 
$
51.5

 
$
25.1

Uses of Cash
 
 
 
Capital expenditures on property, plant and equipment, net of sale proceeds
(4.9
)
 
(6.4
)
Purchases of other investments
(2.2
)
 
(3.0
)
Payment for employee stock-based compensation payroll taxes
(3.6
)
 
(3.0
)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(34.9
)
 

Payment of long-term debt
(4.7
)
 
(4.7
)
Repurchase of common stock
(20.0
)
 
(10.0
)
 
$
(70.3
)
 
$
(27.1
)
Effect of exchange rate increase on cash and cash equivalents