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EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - PBF Energy Inc.q115exhibit321-energy.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - PBF Energy Inc.q115exhibit322-energy.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - PBF Energy Inc.q115exhibit311-energy.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - PBF Energy Inc.q115exhibit312-energy.htm
EX-10.1 - EXHIBIT 10.1 - PBF Energy Inc.a101-michaelgaydaconsultin.htm
EX-10.2 - EXHIBIT 10.2 - PBF Energy Inc.a102-toddomalleyemployment.htm


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark one)
 
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended: March 31, 2015
Or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to             
Commission File Number: 001-35764
 
PBF ENERGY INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
DELAWARE
 
45-3763855 
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
One Sylvan Way, Second Floor
Parsippany, New Jersey
 
07054
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(973) 455-7500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes [x] No [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [x] No [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ
 
Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [ ] No [x]
As of May 6, 2015, PBF Energy Inc. had outstanding 86,037,931 shares of Class A common stock and 28 shares of Class B common stock.
 




PBF ENERGY INC.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2015
TABLE OF CONTENTS

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ITEM 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ITEM 2.
 
 
ITEM 3.
 
 
ITEM 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ITEM 1.
 
 
ITEM 1A.
 
 
ITEM 2.
 
 
ITEM 6.

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is filed by PBF Energy Inc. (“PBF Energy”) which is a holding company whose primary asset is an equity interest in PBF Energy Company LLC ("PBF LLC"). PBF Energy is the sole managing member of, and owner of an equity interest representing approximately 94.3% of the outstanding economic interests in, PBF LLC as of March 31, 2015. PBF Energy operates and controls all of the business and affairs and consolidates the financial results of PBF LLC and its subsidiaries. PBF LLC is a holding company for the companies that directly and indirectly own and operate the business. PBF Holding Company LLC (“PBF Holding”) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of PBF LLC and PBF Finance Corporation ("PBF Finance") is a wholly-owned subsidiary of PBF Holding. PBF LLC also holds a 52.1% limited partner interest, a non-economic general partner interest and all of the incentive distribution rights in PBF Logistics LP ("PBFX"), a publicly traded master limited partnership. PBF Energy, through its ownership of PBF LLC, consolidates the financial results of PBFX and its subsidiaries and records a noncontrolling interest in its consolidated financial statements representing the economic interests of PBFX's unit holders other than PBF LLC. Collectively, PBF Energy and its consolidated subsidiaries, including PBF LLC, PBF Holding, and PBFX are referred to hereinafter as the "Company" unless the context otherwise requires.


2



CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains certain “forward-looking statements”, as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, of expected future developments that involve risks and uncertainties. You can identify forward-looking statements because they contain words such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “should,” “seeks,” “approximately,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” or “anticipates” or similar expressions that relate to our strategy, plans or intentions. All statements we make relating to our estimated and projected earnings, margins, costs, expenditures, cash flows, growth rates and financial results or to our expectations regarding future industry trends are forward-looking statements. In addition, we, through our senior management, from time to time make forward-looking public statements concerning our expected future operations and performance and other developments. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that may change at any time, and, therefore, our actual results may differ materially from those that we expected. We derive many of our forward-looking statements from our operating budgets and forecasts, which are based upon many detailed assumptions. While we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, we caution that it is very difficult to predict the impact of known factors, and, of course, it is impossible for us to anticipate all factors that could affect our actual results.
Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations, which we refer to as “cautionary statements,” are disclosed under "Item 1A. Risk Factors", "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and elsewhere in this Form 10-Q and the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 of PBF Energy Inc., which we refer to as our 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K, and in our other filings with the SEC. All forward-looking information in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us, or persons acting on our behalf, are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements. Some of the factors that we believe could affect our results include:
supply, demand, prices and other market conditions for our products, including volatility in commodity prices;
 the effects of competition in our markets;
changes in currency exchange rates, interest rates and capital costs;
 adverse developments in our relationship with both our key employees and unionized employees;
our ability to operate our businesses efficiently, manage capital expenditures and costs (including general and administrative expenses) and generate earnings and cash flow;
our substantial indebtedness;
our supply and inventory intermediation arrangements expose us to counterparty credit and performance risk;
termination of our Inventory Intermediation Agreements with J. Aron could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, as we would be required to finance our refined products inventory covered by the agreements. Additionally, we are obligated to repurchase from J. Aron all volumes of products located at the Paulsboro and Delaware City refineries’ storage tanks upon termination of these agreements;
restrictive covenants in our indebtedness that may adversely affect our operational flexibility;
payments to the current and former holders of PBF LLC Series A Units and PBF LLC Series B Units under our tax receivable agreement for certain tax benefits we may claim;
our assumptions regarding payments arising under the tax receivable agreement and other arrangements relating to our organizational structure are subject to change due to various factors, including, among other factors, the timing of exchanges of PBF LLC Series A Units for shares of our Class A common stock as contemplated by the tax receivable agreement, the price of our Class A common stock at the time of such exchanges, the extent to which such exchanges are taxable, and the amount and timing of our income;

3



our expectations and timing with respect to our acquisition activity and whether any acquisitions are accretive or dilutive to shareholders;
our expectations and timing with respect to our capital improvement and turnaround projects;
the status of an air permit to transfer crude through the Delaware City refinery's dock;
the impact of disruptions to crude or feedstock supply to any of our refineries, including disruptions due
to problems at PBFX or with third party logistics infrastructure or operations, including pipeline, marine and rail transportation;
the possibility that we might reduce or not make further dividend payments;
the inability of our subsidiaries to freely pay dividends or make distributions to us;
the impact of current and future laws, rulings and governmental regulations, including the implementation of rules and regulations regarding transportation of crude oil by rail;
adverse impacts related to any change by the federal government in the restrictions on exporting U.S. crude oil including relaxing limitations on the export of certain types of crude oil or condensates or the lifting of the restrictions entirely;
market risks related to the volatility in the price of Renewable Identification Numbers ("RINS") required to comply with the Renewable Fuel Standards;
adverse impacts from changes in our regulatory environment or actions taken by environmental interest groups;
the costs of being a public company, including Sarbanes-Oxley Act compliance;
risk associated with the operation of PBFX as a separate, publicly-traded entity;
potential tax consequences related to our investment in PBFX; and
receipt of regulatory approvals and compliance with contractual obligations required in connection with PBFX.
We caution you that the foregoing list of important factors may not contain all of the material factors that are important to you. In addition, in light of these risks and uncertainties, the matters referred to in the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may not in fact occur. Accordingly, investors should not place undue reliance on those statements.
Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, and we do not intend to update or revise any forward-looking statements. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the foregoing.

4


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
PBF ENERGY INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited, in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
449,480

 
$
397,873

Accounts receivable
441,185

 
551,269

Inventories
1,129,207

 
1,102,261

Deferred tax asset
226,191

 
222,368

Prepaid expense and other current assets
49,068

 
72,900

Total current assets
2,295,131

 
2,346,671

 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
1,931,811

 
1,936,839

Deferred tax assets
358,192

 
345,179

Marketable securities
234,939

 
234,930

Deferred charges and other assets, net
330,539

 
332,669

Total assets
$
5,150,612

 
$
5,196,288

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
313,155

 
$
335,268

Accrued expenses
999,831

 
1,130,792

Payable to related parties pursuant to tax receivable agreement
65,367

 
75,535

Deferred revenue
6,086

 
1,227

Total current liabilities
1,384,439

 
1,542,822

 
 
 
 
Delaware Economic Development Authority loan
8,000

 
8,000

Long-term debt
1,251,233

 
1,252,349

Payable to related parties pursuant to tax receivable agreement
672,007

 
637,192

Other long-term liabilities
67,217

 
62,609

Total liabilities
3,382,896

 
3,502,972

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)

 

 
 
 
 
Equity:
 
 
 
Class A common stock, $0.001 par value, 1,000,000,000 shares authorized, 85,989,363 shares outstanding at March 31, 2015, 81,981,119 shares outstanding at December 31, 2014
92

 
88

Class B common stock, $0.001 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized, 28 shares outstanding at March 31, 2015, 39 shares outstanding at December 31, 2014

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, no shares outstanding, at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014

 

Treasury stock, at cost
(143,138
)
 
(142,731
)
Additional paid in capital
1,552,621

 
1,508,425

Retained earnings/(Accumulated deficit)
(61,683
)
 
(123,271
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(24,850
)
 
(24,298
)
Total PBF Energy Inc. equity
1,323,042

 
1,218,213

Noncontrolling interest
444,674

 
475,103

Total equity
1,767,716

 
1,693,316

Total liabilities and equity
$
5,150,612

 
$
5,196,288


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5



PBF ENERGY INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited, in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Revenues
$
2,995,136

 
$
4,746,443


 
 
 
Cost and expenses:
 
 
 
Cost of sales, excluding depreciation
2,502,215

 
4,147,684

Operating expenses, excluding depreciation
237,118

 
268,899

General and administrative expenses
36,046

 
36,624

Gain on sale of assets
(359
)
 
(186
)
Depreciation and amortization expense
47,706

 
33,215

 
2,822,726

 
4,486,236

 
 
 
 
Income from operations
172,410

 
260,207

 
 
 
 
Other income (expenses):
 
 
 
Change in fair value of catalyst leases
2,039

 
(2,001
)
Interest expense, net
(22,192
)
 
(25,255
)
Income before income taxes
152,257

 
232,951

Income tax expense
49,138

 
49,679

Net income
103,119

 
183,272

Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
15,798

 
105,828

Net income attributable to PBF Energy Inc.
$
87,321

 
$
77,444

 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding
 
 
 
Basic
84,278,071

 
54,167,861

Diluted
91,669,101

 
54,691,627

Net income available to Class A common stock per share:
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.04

 
$
1.43

Diluted
$
1.00

 
$
1.42

 
 
 
 
Dividends per common share
$
0.30

 
$
0.30

 
 
 
 




See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
6



PBF ENERGY INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(unaudited, in thousands)



 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Net income
$
103,119

 
$
183,272

Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
Unrealized gain on available for sale securities
71

 
29

Net gain on pension and other postretirement benefits
400

 
217

Total other comprehensive income
471

 
246

Comprehensive income
103,590

 
183,518

Less: comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
15,824

 
105,897

Comprehensive income attributable to PBF Energy Inc.
$
87,766

 
$
77,621


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
7



PBF ENERGY INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited, in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
103,119

 
$
183,272

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operations:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
49,892

 
34,848

Stock-based compensation
2,955

 
1,420

Change in fair value of catalyst lease obligations
(2,039
)
 
2,001

Deferred income taxes
23,168

 
32,960

Non-cash change in inventory repurchase obligations
66,509

 
(17,463
)
Pension and other post retirement benefit costs
6,448

 
4,805

Gain on disposition of property, plant and equipment
(359
)
 
(186
)
Change in non-cash lower of cost or market adjustment
(21,208
)
 

 
 
 
 
Changes in current assets and current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
110,084

 
67,006

Inventories
(1,007
)
 
(99,974
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
19,940

 
15,718

Accounts payable
(22,113
)
 
(155,474
)
Accrued expenses
(195,613
)
 
196,698

Deferred revenue
4,859

 
(1,393
)
Payable to related parties pursuant to tax receivable agreement
(10,168
)
 

Other assets and liabilities
(1,962
)
 
(3,667
)
Net cash provided by operations
132,505

 
260,571

 
 
 
 
Cash flow from investing activities:
 
 
 
Expenditures for property, plant and equipment
(102,395
)
 
(60,127
)
Expenditures for deferred turnaround costs
(18,376
)
 
(23,128
)
Expenditures for other assets
(4,958
)
 
(7,157
)
Purchase of marketable securities
(689,693
)
 

Maturities of marketable securities
689,697

 

Proceeds from sale of assets
77,618

 
37,759

Net cash used in investing activities
$
(48,107
)
 
$
(52,653
)


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
8



PBF ENERGY INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)
(unaudited, in thousands)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Distributions to PBF Energy Company LLC members
$
(1,610
)
 
$
(13,260
)
Distributions to PBFX unit holders
(5,309
)
 

Dividend payments
(25,733
)
 
(16,401
)
Proceeds from Rail Facility revolver borrowings
23,425

 

Repayments of Rail Facility revolver borrowings
(22,774
)
 

Proceeds from revolver borrowings

 
265,000

Repayments of revolver borrowings

 
(280,000
)
Purchases of treasury stock
(407
)
 

Deferred financing costs and other
(383
)
 
(3,092
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(32,791
)
 
(47,753
)
 
 
 
 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
51,607

 
160,165

Cash and equivalents, beginning of period
397,873

 
76,970

Cash and equivalents, end of period
$
449,480

 
$
237,135

 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow disclosures
 
 
 
Non-cash activities:
 
 
 
         Accrued construction in progress and unpaid fixed assets
$
26,708

 
$
8,277



See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
9

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

 
1. DESCRIPTION OF THE BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Description of the Business
PBF Energy Inc. ("PBF Energy") was formed as a Delaware corporation in 2011 and completed an initial public offering in December 2012. PBF Energy is the sole managing member of PBF Energy Company LLC ("PBF LLC"), a Delaware limited liability company, with a controlling interest in PBF LLC and its subsidiaries. PBF Energy consolidates the financial results of PBF LLC and its subsidiaries and records a noncontrolling interest in its consolidated financial statements representing the economic interests of PBF LLC's members other than PBF Energy. PBF LLC, together with its consolidated subsidiaries, owns and operates oil refineries and related facilities in North America. PBF Holding Company LLC ("PBF Holding") is a wholly-owned subsidiary of PBF LLC. PBF Finance Corporation ("PBF Finance") is a wholly-owned subsidiary of PBF Holding. Delaware City Refining Company LLC ("Delaware City Refining" or "DCR"), Delaware Pipeline Company LLC, PBF Power Marketing LLC, PBF Energy Limited, Paulsboro Refining Company LLC, Paulsboro Natural Gas Pipeline Company LLC and Toledo Refining Company LLC are PBF LLC’s principal operating subsidiaries and are all wholly-owned subsidiaries of PBF Holding. PBF LLC also holds a 52.1% limited partner interest and all of the incentive distribution rights in PBF Logistics LP ("PBFX"), a publicly traded master limited partnership (refer to Note 2 "PBF Logistics LP" of our Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements). PBF Logistics GP LLC (“PBF GP”) owns the noneconomic general partner interest and serves as the general partner of PBFX and is wholly-owned by PBF LLC. PBF Energy, through its ownership of PBF LLC, consolidates the financial results of PBFX and its subsidiaries and records a noncontrolling interest in its consolidated financial statements representing the economic interests of PBFX's unit holders other than PBF LLC. Collectively, PBF Energy and its consolidated subsidiaries, including PBF LLC, PBF Holding, and PBFX are referred to hereinafter as the "Company" unless the context otherwise requires.
On February 6, 2015, the Company completed a public offering of 3,804,653 shares of Class A common stock in a secondary offering (the "February 2015 secondary offering"). All of the shares in the February 2015 secondary offering were sold by funds affiliated with Blackstone Group L.P., or Blackstone, and First Reserve Management, L.P., or First Reserve. In connection with the February 2015 secondary offering, Blackstone and First Reserve exchanged all of their remaining PBF LLC Series A Units for an equivalent number of shares of Class A common stock of PBF Energy, and as a result, Blackstone and First Reserve no longer hold any PBF LLC Series A Units or shares of PBF Energy Class A Common stock. The holders of PBF LLC Series B Units, which include certain executive officers of PBF Energy and others, received a portion of the proceeds of the sale of the PBF Energy Class A common stock by Blackstone and First Reserve in accordance with the amended and restated limited liability company agreement of PBF LLC. PBF Energy did not receive any proceeds from the February 2015 secondary offering. Subsequent to the February 2015 secondary offering, as of March 31, 2015, the Company owns 85,989,363 PBF LLC Series C Units and the Company's executive officers and directors and certain employees and others beneficially own 5,170,687 PBF LLC Series A Units. The holders of the Company's issued and outstanding shares of Class A common stock have 94.3% of the voting power in the Company and the members of PBF LLC other than PBF Energy through their holdings of Class B common stock have the remaining 5.7% of the voting power in the Company.
Substantially all of the Company’s operations are in the United States. The Company operates in two reportable business segments: Refining and Logistics. The Company’s three oil refineries are all engaged in the refining of crude oil and other feedstocks into petroleum products, and are aggregated into the Refining segment. PBFX is a publicly traded master limited partnership that was formed to operate logistical assets such as crude oil and refined petroleum products terminals, pipelines, and storage facilities. PBFX's operations are aggregated into the Logistics segment. To generate earnings and cash flows from operations, the Company is primarily dependent upon processing crude oil and selling refined petroleum products at margins sufficient to cover fixed and variable costs and other expenses. Crude oil and refined petroleum products are commodities; and factors largely out of the Company’s control can cause prices to vary over time. The potential margin volatility can have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, earnings and cash flow.    


10

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

Basis of Presentation
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial information furnished herein reflects all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) which are, in the opinion of management, considered necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and the results of operations and cash flows of the Company for the periods presented. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. These interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 of PBF Energy. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-03, "Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs" ("ASU 2015-03"), which requires debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability to be presented on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the debt liability rather than as an asset. The standard is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015 and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

2. PBF LOGISTICS LP
On May 14, 2014, PBFX completed its initial public offering (the “PBFX Offering”) of 15,812,500 common units. As of March 31, 2015, PBF LLC holds a 52.1% limited partner interest in PBFX (consisting of 1,284,524 common units and 15,886,553 subordinated units) and all of PBFX's incentive distribution rights, with the remaining 47.9% limited partner interest held by public common unit holders. PBF LLC also owns indirectly a non-economic general partner interest in PBFX through its wholly-owned subsidiary, PBF GP, the general partner of PBFX. During the subordination period (as set forth in the partnership agreement of PBFX) holders of the subordinated units are not entitled to receive any distribution of available cash until the common units have received the minimum quarterly distribution plus any arrearages in the payment of the minimum quarterly distribution from prior quarters. If PBFX does not pay distributions on the subordinated units, the subordinated units will not accrue arrearages for those unpaid distributions. Each subordinated unit will convert into one common unit at the end of the subordination period.
PBFX engages in the receiving, handling and transferring of crude oil and the receipt, storage and delivery of crude oil, refined products and intermediates from sources located throughout the United States and Canada for PBF Energy in support of its three refineries. All of PBFX’s revenue is derived from long-term, fee-based commercial agreements with PBF Holding, which include minimum volume commitments, for receiving, handling and transferring crude oil and storing crude oil and refined products. PBF Energy also has agreements with PBFX that establish fees for certain general and administrative services and operational and maintenance services provided by PBF Holding to PBFX. These transactions are eliminated by PBF Energy in consolidation.
PBFX’s initial assets consisted of a light crude oil rail unloading terminal at the Delaware City refinery that also services the Paulsboro refinery (which is referred to as the “Delaware City Rail Terminal”), and a crude oil truck unloading terminal at the Toledo refinery (which is referred to as the “Toledo Truck Terminal”) that are integral components of the crude oil delivery operations at all three of PBF Energy’s refineries. On September 30, 2014, PBF LLC contributed to PBFX all of the equity interests of Delaware City Terminaling Company II LLC, which assets consist solely of the Delaware City heavy crude unloading rack (the "DCR West Rack"), for total consideration of $150,000. On December 11, 2014, PBF LLC contributed to PBFX all of the issued and outstanding limited liability company interests of Toledo Terminaling Company LLC, whose assets consist of a tank farm and related facilities located at our Toledo refinery, including a propane storage and loading facility (the "Toledo Storage Facility"), for total consideration of $150,000.

11

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

PBFX, a variable interest entity, is consolidated by PBF Energy through its ownership of PBF LLC. PBF LLC through its ownership of PBF GP, has the sole ability to direct the activities of PBFX that most significantly impact its economic performance. PBF LLC is considered to be the primary beneficiary of PBFX for accounting purposes.

3. NONCONTROLLING INTEREST OF PBF ENERGY AND PBFX
Noncontrolling Interest in PBF LLC
PBF Energy is the sole managing member of, and has a controlling interest in, PBF LLC. As the sole managing member of PBF LLC, PBF Energy operates and controls all of the business and affairs of PBF LLC and its subsidiaries. As of December 31, 2014, PBF Energy’s equity interest in PBF LLC represented approximately 89.9% of the outstanding interests. In connection with the February 2015 secondary offering, Blackstone and First Reserve exchanged a total of 3,804,653 Series A Units of PBF LLC for an equivalent number of shares of Class A common stock of PBF Energy. As of March 31, 2015, PBF Energy held approximately 94.3% of the economic interests in PBF LLC.
PBF Energy consolidates the financial results of PBF LLC and its subsidiaries, and records a noncontrolling interest for the economic interest in PBF Energy held by the members of PBF LLC other than PBF Energy. Noncontrolling interest on the consolidated statements of operations includes the portion of net income or loss attributable to the economic interest in PBF Energy held by the members of PBF LLC other than PBF Energy. Noncontrolling interest on the consolidated balance sheets includes the portion of net assets of PBF Energy attributable to the members of PBF LLC other than PBF Energy.
The noncontrolling interest ownership percentage of PBF LLC as of March 31, 2015, the completion date of the February 2015 secondary offering, and December 31, 2014 is calculated as follows:
 
Held by members of PBF LLC other than PBF Energy
 
Held by PBF Energy
 
Total *
December 31, 2014
9,170,696

 
81,981,119

 
91,151,815

 
10.1
%
 
89.9
%
 
100.0
%
February 6, 2015
5,366,043

 
85,768,077

 
91,134,120

 
5.9
%
 
94.1
%
 
100.0
%
March 31, 2015
5,170,687

 
85,989,363

 
91,160,050

 
5.7
%
 
94.3
%
 
100.0
%
——————————
*
Assumes all of the holders of PBF LLC Series A Units exchange their PBF LLC Series A Units for shares of PBF Energy’s Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis.

Noncontrolling Interest in PBFX
PBF LLC holds a 52.1% limited partner interest in PBFX and owns all of PBFX’s incentive distribution rights, with the remaining 47.9% limited partner interest owned by public common unit holders as of March 31, 2015. PBF LLC is also the sole member of PBF GP, the general partner of PBFX.
PBF Energy, through its ownership of PBF LLC, consolidates the financial results of PBFX, and records a noncontrolling interest for the economic interest in PBFX held by the public common unit holders. Noncontrolling interest on the consolidated statements of operations includes the portion of net income or loss attributable to the economic interest in PBFX held by the public common unit holders of PBFX other than PBF Energy (through its ownership in PBF LLC). Noncontrolling interest on the consolidated balance sheets includes the portion of net assets of PBFX attributable to the public common unit holders of PBFX.

12

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

The noncontrolling interest ownership percentage of PBFX as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, is calculated as follows:

Units of PBFX Held by the Public

Units of PBFX Held by PBF LLC (Including Subordinated Units)

Total
December 31, 2014
15,812,500

 
17,171,077

 
32,983,577


47.9
%
 
52.1
%
 
100.0
%
March 31, 2015
15,812,500

 
17,171,077

 
32,983,577

 
47.9
%
 
52.1
%
 
100.0
%
The following table summarizes the changes in equity for the controlling and noncontrolling interests of PBF Energy for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014:
 
 
PBF Energy Inc. Equity
 
Noncontrolling
Interest in PBF LLC

Noncontrolling
Interest in PBFX
 
Total Equity
Balance at January 1, 2015
$
1,218,213

 
$
138,734

 
$
336,369

 
$
1,693,316

Comprehensive income
87,766

 
7,814

 
8,010

 
103,590

Dividends and distributions
(25,733
)
 
(1,610
)
 
(5,309
)
 
(32,652
)
Record deferred tax asset and liabilities and tax receivable agreement associated with secondary offerings
1,297

 

 

 
1,297

Record allocation of noncontrolling interest upon completion of secondary offerings
39,976

 
(39,976
)
 

 

Stock-based compensation
1,930

 
95

 
930

 
2,955

Exercise of PBF LLC options and warrants, net

 
(383
)
 

 
(383
)
Purchase of treasury stock
(407
)
 

 

 
(407
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
$
1,323,042

 
$
104,674

 
$
340,000

 
$
1,767,716


 
PBF Energy Inc. Equity
 
Noncontrolling
Interest in PBF LLC
 
Noncontrolling
Interest in PBFX
 
Total Equity
Balance at January 1, 2014
$
654,130

 
$
1,061,126

 
$

 
$
1,715,256

Comprehensive income
77,621

 
105,897

 

 
183,518

Dividends and distributions
(16,401
)
 
(13,260
)
 

 
(29,661
)
Record deferred tax asset and liabilities and tax receivable agreement associated with secondary offerings
(60,526
)
 

 

 
(60,526
)
Record allocation of noncontrolling interest upon completion of secondary offerings
596,758

 
(596,758
)
 

 

Stock-based compensation
1,198

 
222

 

 
1,420

Exercise of PBF LLC options and warrants, net

 
116

 

 
116

Balance at March 31, 2014
$
1,252,780

 
$
557,343

 
$

 
$
1,810,123



13

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

4. INVENTORIES
Inventories consisted of the following:
March 31, 2015
 
Titled Inventory
 
Inventory Supply and Intermediation Arrangements
 
Total
Crude oil and feedstocks
$
870,989

 
$
86,632

 
$
957,621

Refined products and blendstocks
436,549

 
365,748

 
802,297

Warehouse stock and other
38,191

 

 
38,191

 
$
1,345,729

 
$
452,380

 
$
1,798,109

Lower of cost or market reserve
(544,242
)
 
(124,660
)
 
(668,902
)
 
$
801,487

 
$
327,720

 
$
1,129,207

 
December 31, 2014
 
Titled Inventory
 
Inventory Supply and Intermediation Arrangements
 
Total
Crude oil and feedstocks
$
918,756

 
$
61,122

 
$
979,878

Refined products and blendstocks
520,308

 
255,459

 
775,767

Warehouse stock and other
36,726

 

 
36,726

 
$
1,475,790

 
$
316,581

 
$
1,792,371

Lower of cost or market reserve
(609,774
)
 
(80,336
)
 
(690,110
)
Inventories
$
866,016

 
$
236,245

 
$
1,102,261


Inventory under inventory supply and intermediation arrangements includes certain crude oil stored at the Company’s Delaware City refinery's storage facilities that the Company will purchase as it is consumed in connection with its crude supply agreement; and light finished products sold to counterparties in connection with the intermediation agreements and stored in the Paulsboro and Delaware City refineries' storage facilities.
Due to the lower crude oil and refined product pricing environment at the end of 2014 and the first quarter of 2015, the Company recorded an inventory lower of cost or market reserve of $668,902 and $690,110, as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. The net effect of the $21,208 change in the lower of cost or market reserve between December 31, 2014 and March 31, 2015 increased operating income by $21,208 and net income by $12,682 for the three months ended March 31, 2015. Lower of cost or market adjustments are recorded to cost of sales.


14

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

5. DEFERRED CHARGES AND OTHER ASSETS, NET
Deferred charges and other assets, net consisted of the following:
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
Deferred turnaround costs, net
$
204,370

 
$
204,987

Catalyst
77,693

 
77,322

Deferred financing costs, net
30,368

 
32,280

Linefill
10,230

 
10,230

Restricted cash
1,521

 
1,521

Intangible assets, net
289

 
357

Other
6,068

 
5,972

 
$
330,539

 
$
332,669

 
6. ACCRUED EXPENSES
Accrued expenses consisted of the following:
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
Inventory-related accruals
$
480,197

 
$
588,297

Inventory supply and intermediation arrangements
264,922

 
253,549

Accrued transportation costs
79,743

 
59,959

Excise and sales tax payable
37,972

 
40,444

Customer deposits
25,920

 
24,659

Accrued salaries and benefits
21,070

 
56,117

Accrued utilities
20,190

 
22,337

Accrued construction in progress
19,043

 
31,452

Renewable energy credit obligations
17,745

 
286

Accrued interest
7,797

 
23,014

Other
25,232

 
30,678

 
$
999,831

 
$
1,130,792

 
The Company has the obligation to repurchase certain intermediates and finished products that are held in the Company’s refinery storage tanks at the Delaware City and Paulsboro refineries in accordance with the Inventory Intermediation Agreements with J. Aron & Company, a subsidiary of The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. ("J. Aron"). A liability included in Inventory supply and intermediation arrangements is recorded at market price for the J. Aron owned inventory held in the Company's storage tanks under the Inventory Intermediation Agreements, with any change in the market price being recorded in cost of sales.
The Company is subject to obligations to purchase Renewable Identification Numbers ("RINs") required to comply with the Renewable Fuels Standard. The Company's overall RINs obligation is based on a percentage of domestic shipments of on-road fuels as established by the Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA"). To the degree the Company is unable to blend the required amount of biofuels to satisfy its RINs obligation, RINs must be purchased on the open market to avoid penalties and fines. The Company records its RINs obligation on a net basis in Accrued expenses when its RINs liability is greater than the amount of RINs earned and purchased in a given period and

15

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

in Prepaid expenses and other current assets when the amount of RINs earned and purchased is greater than the RINs liability.

7. MARKETABLE SECURITIES
The U.S Treasury securities purchased by the Company with the proceeds from the PBFX Offering are used as collateral to secure a three-year, $300,000 term loan facility entered into by PBFX (the "PBFX Term Loan"). PBFX anticipates holding the securities for an indefinite amount of time (the securities will be rolled over as they mature). As necessary and at the discretion of PBFX, these securities are expected to be liquidated and the proceeds used to fund future capital expenditures. The marketable securities are classified into the following reporting categories: held-to-maturity, trading or available-for-sale securities. While PBFX does not routinely sell marketable securities prior to their scheduled maturity dates, some of PBFX's investments may be held and restricted for the purpose of funding future capital expenditures and acquisitions, so these investments are classified as available-for-sale marketable securities as they may occasionally be sold prior to their scheduled maturity dates due to the unexpected timing of cash needs. The carrying value of these marketable securities approximates fair value and are measured using Level 1 inputs. The maturities of the marketable securities range from one to three months and are classified on the balance sheet in non-current assets.
As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the Company held $234,939 and $234,930, respectively, in marketable securities. The gross unrecognized holding gains and losses as of March 31, 2015 were not material. The Company did not record any net realized gains or losses from the sale of marketable securities for the three months ended March 31, 2015. The Company did not hold any marketable securities for the three months ended March 31, 2014.

8. INCOME TAXES
PBF Energy files federal and applicable state corporate income tax returns and recognizes income taxes on its pre-tax income, which to date has consisted solely of its share of PBF LLC’s pre-tax income (approximately 89.9% prior to the February 2015 secondary offering and approximately 94.3% subsequent to the February 2015 secondary offering as of March 31, 2015). PBF LLC is organized as a limited liability company and PBFX is a master limited partnership, both of which are treated as "flow-through" entities for federal income tax purposes and therefore are not subject to income taxes. As a result, PBF Energy's condensed consolidated financial statements do not reflect any benefit or provision for income taxes on the pre-tax income or loss attributable to the noncontrolling interests in PBF LLC or PBFX.

The income tax provision in the PBF Energy condensed consolidated financial statements of operations consists of the following:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
Current tax expense
 
$
25,970

 
$
16,719

Deferred tax expense
 
23,168

 
32,960

Total tax expense
 
$
49,138

 
$
49,679


Income tax expense is based on income before taxes attributable to PBF Energy and excludes income before taxes attributable to noncontrolling interests as such interests are not subject to income taxes. The difference between the Company’s income tax expense and the income tax provision computed by applying the United States statutory rate and the difference between the Company’s effective income tax rate and the United States statutory rate are reconciled below:

16

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31, 2015
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31, 2014
Provision at Federal statutory rate
 
$
47,689

 
35.0
 %
 
$
44,493

 
35.0
 %
Increase (decrease) attributable to flow-through of certain tax adjustments:
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

State income taxes (net federal income tax)
 
7,098

 
5.2
 %
 
6,623

 
5.2
 %
Non deductible/nontaxable items
 
526

 
0.4
 %
 
178

 
0.1
 %
Adjustment for manufacturer's benefit
 
(1,206
)
 
(0.9
)%
 

 
 %
Rate differential from foreign jurisdictions
 
(5,629
)
 
(4.1
)%
 

 
 %
Other
 
660

 
0.5
 %
 
(1,615
)
 
(1.3
)%
Total
 
$
49,138

 
36.1
 %
 
$
49,679

 
39.0
 %
The Company's effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, including the impact of income attributable to noncontrolling interests of $15,798 and $105,828, respectively, was 32.3% and 21.3%, respectively.

PBF Energy has determined there are no material uncertain tax positions as of March 31, 2015. PBF Energy does not have any unrecognized tax benefits.

9. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Environmental Matters
The Company’s refineries are subject to extensive and frequently changing federal, state and local laws and regulations, including, but not limited to, those relating to the discharge of materials into the environment or that otherwise relate to the protection of the environment, waste management and the characteristics and the compositions of fuels. Compliance with existing and anticipated laws and regulations can increase the overall cost of operating the refineries, including remediation, operating costs and capital costs to construct, maintain and upgrade equipment and facilities.
In connection with the Paulsboro refinery acquisition, the Company assumed certain environmental remediation obligations. The environmental liability of $11,493 recorded as of March 31, 2015 ($10,476 as of December 31, 2014) represents the present value of expected future costs discounted at a rate of 8.0%. The current portion of the environmental liability is recorded in accrued expenses and the non-current portion is recorded in other long-term liabilities. As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, this liability is self-guaranteed by the Company.
In connection with the acquisition of the Delaware City assets, Valero Energy Corporation ("Valero") remains responsible for certain pre-acquisition environmental obligations up to $20,000 and the predecessor to Valero in ownership of the refinery retains other historical obligations.
In connection with the acquisition of the Delaware City assets and the Paulsboro refinery, the Company and Valero purchased ten year, $75,000 environmental insurance policies to insure against unknown environmental liabilities at each site. In connection with the Toledo refinery acquisition, Sunoco, Inc. (R&M) ("Sunoco") remains responsible for environmental remediation for conditions that existed on the closing date for twenty years from March 1, 2011, subject to certain limitations.
In 2010, New York State adopted a Low-Sulfur Heating Oil mandate that, beginning July 1, 2012, requires all heating oil sold in New York State to contain no more than 15 parts per million ("PPM") sulfur. Since July 1, 2012, some states in the Northeast market began requiring heating oil sold in their state to contain no more than 15 PPM sulfur.  Currently, 6 Northeastern states require heating oil with 15 PPM or less sulfur. By July 1, 2016, two more states are expected to adopt this requirement and by July 1, 2018 most of the remaining Northeastern states (except

17

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

for Pennsylvania and New Hampshire) will require heating oil with 15 PPM or less sulfur. All of the heating oil the Company currently produces meets these specifications. The mandate and other requirements do not currently have a material impact on the Company's financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
The EPA issued the final Tier 3 Gasoline standards on March 3, 2014 under the Clean Air Act. This final rule establishes more stringent vehicle emission standards and further reduces the sulfur content of gasoline starting in January of 2017.  The new standard is set at 10 PPM sulfur in gasoline on an annual average basis starting January 1, 2017, with a credit trading program to provide compliance flexibility. The EPA responded to industry comments on the proposed rule and maintained the per gallon sulfur cap on gasoline at the existing 80 PPM cap. The standards set by the new rule are not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
The EPA was required to release the final annual standards for the Reformulated Fuels Standard ("RFS") for 2014 no later than Nov 29, 2013 and for 2015 no later than Nov 29, 2014. The EPA did not meet these requirements but did release proposed standards for 2014. The EPA did not finalize this proposal in 2014 and in fact has not as of yet released the final standard for 2014 or proposed a new standard for 2015. Recent information indicates the EPA is evaluating re-proposing the 2014 requirements (likely different from the original proposal) and may at the same time propose 2015 requirements and would then work towards publishing final requirements for 2014 and 2015 later on. As a result of the EPA missing its deadlines for establishing these compliance standards, the obligated parties under the rule are in the unusual position of facing a change in possible compliance requirements after the completion of the compliance year (2014). When they are issued, the final standards may have a material impact on the Company's cost of compliance with RFS 2.
On September 12, 2012, the EPA issued final amendments to the New Source Performance Standards ("NSPS") for petroleum refineries, including standards for emissions of nitrogen oxides from process heaters and work practice standards and monitoring requirements for flares.  The Company has evaluated the impact of the regulation and amended standards on its refinery operations and currently does not expect the cost to comply to be material.
In addition, the EPA published a Final Rule to the Clean Water Act ("CWA") Section 316(b) in August 2014 regarding cooling water intake structures which includes requirements for petroleum refineries. The next phase will include requirements for petroleum refineries. The purpose of this rule is to prevent fish from being trapped against cooling water intake screens (impingement) and to prevent fish from being drawn through cooling water systems (entrainment). Facilities will be required to implement Best Technology Available (BTA) as soon as possible, but gives state agencies the discretion to establish implementation time lines. The Company continues to evaluate the impact of this regulation, and at this time does not anticipate it having a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
The Delaware City Rail Terminal and DCR West Rack are collocated with the Delaware City refinery, and are located in Delaware's coastal zone where certain activities are regulated under the Delaware Coastal Zone act. On June 14, 2013, two administrative appeals were filed by the Sierra Club and Delaware Audubon (collectively the "Appellants") regarding an air permit Delaware City Refining obtained to allow loading of crude oil onto barges. The appeals allege that both the loading of crude oil onto barges and the operation of the Delaware City Rail Terminal violate Delaware’s Coastal Zone Act. The first appeal is Number 2013-1 before the State Coastal Zone Industrial Control Board (the “CZ Board”), and the second appeal is before the Environmental Appeals Board (the "EAB") and appeals Secretary’s Order No. 2013-A-0020. The CZ Board held a hearing on the first appeal on July 16, 2013, and ruled in favor of Delaware City Refining and the State of Delaware and dismissed the Appellants’ appeal for lack of standing. The Appellants appealed that decision to the Delaware Superior Court, New Castle County, Case No. N13A-09-001 ALR, and Delaware City Refining and the State of Delaware filed cross-appeals. A hearing on the second appeal before the EAB, case no. 2013-06, was held on January 13, 2014, and the EAB ruled in favor of Delaware City Refining and the State and dismissed the appeal for lack of jurisdiction. The Appellants also filed a Notice of Appeal with the Superior Court appealing the EAB’s decision. On March 31, 2015 the Superior Court affirmed the decisions by both the CZ Board and the EAB stating they both lacked jurisdiction to rule on the Appellants' appeal. The Appellants have appealed to the Delaware Supreme Court and briefing on the case is scheduled to occur in the second and third quarters of 2015. If the Appellants in one or both

18

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

of these matters ultimately prevail, the outcome may have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
The Company is also currently subject to certain other existing environmental claims and proceedings. The Company believes that there is only a remote possibility that future costs related to any of these other known contingent liability exposures would have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

PBF LLC Limited Liability Company Agreement
The holders of limited liability company interests in PBF LLC, including PBF Energy, generally have to include for purposes of calculating their U.S. federal, state and local income taxes their share of any taxable income of PBF LLC, regardless of whether such holders receive cash distributions from PBF LLC. PBF Energy ultimately may not receive cash distributions from PBF LLC equal to its share of such taxable income or even equal to the actual tax due with respect to that income. For example, PBF LLC is required to include in taxable income PBF LLC’s allocable share of PBFX’s taxable income and gains (such share to be determined pursuant to the partnership agreement of PBFX), regardless of the amount of cash distributions received by PBF LLC from PBFX, and such taxable income and gains will flow-through to PBF Energy to the extent of its allocable share of the taxable income of PBF LLC. As a result, at certain times, the amount of cash otherwise ultimately available to PBF Energy on account of its indirect interest in PBFX may not be sufficient for PBF Energy to pay the amount of taxes it will owe on account of its indirect interests in PBFX.
Taxable income of PBF LLC generally is allocated to the holders of PBF LLC units (including PBF Energy) pro rata in accordance with their respective share of the net profits and net losses of PBF LLC. In general, PBF LLC is required to make periodic tax distributions to the members of PBF LLC, including PBF Energy, pro rata in accordance with their respective percentage interests for such period (as determined under the amended and restated limited liability company agreement of PBF LLC), subject to available cash and applicable law and contractual restrictions (including pursuant to our debt instruments) and based on certain assumptions. Generally, these tax distributions are required to be in an amount equal to our estimate of the taxable income of PBF LLC for the year multiplied by an assumed tax rate equal to the highest effective marginal combined U.S. federal, state and local income tax rate prescribed for an individual or corporate resident in New York, New York (taking into account the nondeductibility of certain expenses). If, with respect to any given calendar year, the aggregate periodic tax distributions were less than the actual taxable income of PBF LLC multiplied by the assumed tax rate, PBF LLC is required to make a “true up” tax distribution, no later than March 15 of the following year, equal to such difference, subject to the available cash and borrowings of PBF LLC. PBF LLC obtains funding to pay its tax distributions by causing PBF Holding to distribute cash to PBF LLC and from distributions it receives from PBFX.

Tax Receivable Agreement
PBF Energy entered into a tax receivable agreement with the PBF LLC Series A and PBF LLC Series B Unit holders (the “Tax Receivable Agreement”) that provides for the payment by PBF Energy to such persons of an amount equal to 85% of the amount of the benefits, if any, that PBF Energy is deemed to realize as a result of (i) increases in tax basis, as described below, and (ii) certain other tax benefits related to entering into the Tax Receivable Agreement, including tax benefits attributable to payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement. For purposes of the Tax Receivable Agreement, the benefits deemed realized by PBF Energy will be computed by comparing the actual income tax liability of PBF Energy (calculated with certain assumptions) to the amount of such taxes that PBF Energy would have been required to pay had there been no increase to the tax basis of the assets of PBF LLC as a result of purchases or exchanges of PBF LLC Series A Units for shares of PBF Energy's Class A common stock and had PBF Energy not entered into the Tax Receivable Agreement. The term of the Tax Receivable Agreement will continue until all such tax benefits have been utilized or expired unless: (i) PBF Energy exercises its right to terminate the Tax Receivable Agreement, (ii) PBF Energy breaches any of its material obligations under the Tax Receivable Agreement or (iii) certain changes of control occur, in which case all obligations under the Tax Receivable Agreement will generally be accelerated and due as calculated under certain assumptions.

19

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

The payment obligations under the Tax Receivable Agreement are obligations of PBF Energy and not of PBF LLC, PBF Holding or PBFX. In general, PBF Energy expects to obtain funding for these annual payments from PBF LLC, primarily through tax distributions, which PBF LLC makes on a pro-rata basis to its owners. Such owners include PBF Energy, which holds a 94.3% interest in PBF LLC as of March 31, 2015 (89.9% as of December 31, 2014). PBF LLC obtains funding to pay its tax distributions by causing PBF Holding to distribute cash to PBF LLC and from distributions it receives from PBFX.
As of March 31, 2015, the Company has recognized a liability for the tax receivable agreement of $737,374 ($712,727 as of December 31, 2014) reflecting the estimate of the undiscounted amounts that the Company expects to pay under the agreement.

10. DIVIDENDS AND DISTRIBUTIONS
With respect to dividends and distributions paid during the three months ended March 31, 2015, PBF LLC made a non-tax quarterly distribution of $0.30 per unit to its members, of which $25,733 was distributed pro rata to PBF Energy and the balance was distributed to its other members. PBF Energy used this $25,733 to pay quarterly cash dividends of $0.30 per share of Class A common stock on March 10, 2015.

With respect to distributions paid during the three months ended March 31, 2015, PBFX paid a distribution of $0.33 per unit on outstanding common and subordinated units on March 4, 2015 for a total cash distribution of $10,885 of which $5,576 was distributed to PBF LLC and the balance was distributed to its public unit holders.

11. TREASURY STOCK

On August 19, 2014, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $200,000 of the Company's Class A common stock (the "Repurchase Program"). On October 29, 2014, the Company's Board of Directors approved an additional $100,000 increase to the existing Repurchase Program. As of March 31, 2015, the Company has purchased approximately 5.78 million shares of the Company's Class A common stock through open market transactions under the Repurchase Program, for a total of $143,138.

The following table summarizes the Company's Class A common stock repurchase activity under the Repurchase Program:

Number of shares purchased (1)
 
Cost of purchased shares
Shares purchased as of December 31, 2014
5,765,946

 
$
142,731

Shares purchased during the three months ended March 31, 2015
17,695

 
407

Shares purchased as of March 31, 2015
5,783,641

 
$
143,138

 
 
 
 
(1) - The shares purchased include only those shares that have settled as of the period end date.
These repurchases may be made from time to time through various methods, including open market transactions, block trades, accelerated share repurchases, privately negotiated transactions or otherwise, certain of which may be effected through Rule 10b5-1 and Rule 10b-18 plans. The timing and number of shares repurchased will depend on a variety of factors, including price, capital availability, legal requirements and economic and market conditions. The Company is not obligated to purchase any shares under the Repurchase Program, and repurchases may be suspended or discontinued at any time without prior notice.

The Company has the ability to purchase an additional $156,862 in common stock under the approved Repurchase Program.


20

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

12. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS
The components of net periodic benefit cost related to the Company’s defined benefit plans consisted of the following:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
Pension Benefits
 
2015
 
2014
Components of net periodic benefit cost:
 
 
 
 
Service cost
 
$
5,790

 
$
4,291

Interest cost
 
709

 
570

Expected return on plan assets
 
(829
)
 
(524
)
Amortization of prior service costs
 
13

 
3

Amortization of actuarial loss
 
311

 
222

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
5,994

 
$
4,562


 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
Post Retirement Medical Plan
 
2015
 
2014
Components of net periodic benefit cost:
 
 
 
 
Service cost
 
$
244

 
$
178

Interest cost
 
134

 
93

Amortization of prior service costs
 
76

 
(20
)
Amortization of actuarial loss
 

 
(5
)
Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
454

 
$
246


13. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The tables below present information about the Company's financial assets and liabilities measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis and indicate the fair value hierarchy of the inputs utilized to determine the fair values as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.
We have elected to offset the fair value amounts recognized for multiple derivative contracts executed with the same counterparty; however, fair value amounts by hierarchy level are presented on a gross basis in the tables below. We have posted cash margin with various counterparties to support hedging and trading activities. The cash margin posted is required by counterparties as collateral deposits and cannot be offset against the fair value of open contracts except in the event of default. We have no derivative contracts that are subject to master netting arrangements that are reflected gross on the balance sheet.

21

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

 
As of March 31, 2015
 
Fair Value Hierarchy
 
Total Gross Fair Value
 
Effect of Counter-party Netting
 
Net Carrying Value on Balance Sheet
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
177,275

 
$

 
$

 
$
177,275

 
N/A

 
$
177,275

Marketable securities
234,939

 

 

 
234,939

 
N/A

 
234,939

Non-qualified pension plan assets
5,589

 

 

 
5,589

 
N/A

 
5,589

Commodity contracts
216,312

 
84,010

 
9,678

 
310,000

 
(295,995
)
 
14,005

Derivatives included with intermediation agreement obligations

 
31,148

 

 
31,148

 

 
31,148

Derivatives included with inventory supply arrangement obligations

 
1,430

 

 
1,430

 

 
1,430

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity contracts
227,693

 
87,691

 

 
315,384

 
(295,995
)
 
19,389

Catalyst lease obligations

 
34,521

 

 
34,521

 

 
34,521

 
December 31, 2014
 
Fair Value Hierarchy
 
Total Gross Fair Value
 
Effect of Counter-party Netting
 
Net Carrying Value on Balance Sheet
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
5,575

 
$

 
$

 
$
5,575

 
N/A

 
$
5,575

Marketable securities
234,930

 

 

 
234,930

 
N/A

 
234,930

Non-qualified pension plan assets
5,494

 

 

 
5,494

 
N/A

 
5,494

Commodity contracts
415,023

 
12,093

 
1,715

 
428,831

 
(397,676
)
 
31,155

Derivatives included with inventory intermediation agreement obligations

 
94,834

 

 
94,834

 

 
94,834

Derivatives included with inventory supply arrangement obligations

 
4,251

 

 
4,251

 

 
4,251

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity contracts
390,144

 
7,338

 
194

 
397,676

 
(397,676
)
 

Catalyst lease obligations

 
36,559

 

 
36,559

 

 
36,559



22

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

The valuation methods used to measure financial instruments at fair value are as follows:
Money market funds categorized in Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy are measured at fair value based on quoted market prices and included within cash and cash equivalents.
Marketable securities, consisting primarily of US Treasury securities, categorized in Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy are measured at fair value based on quoted market prices.
Non-qualified pension plan assets categorized in Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy are measured at fair value using a market approach based on published net asset values of mutual funds and included within Deferred charges and other assets, net.
The commodity contracts categorized in Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy are measured at fair value based on quoted prices in an active market. The commodity contracts categorized in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy are measured at fair value using a market approach based upon future commodity prices for similar instruments quoted in active markets.
The commodity contracts categorized in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy consist of commodity price swap contracts that relate to forecasted purchases of crude oil for which quoted forward market prices are not readily available due to market illiquidity. The forward price used to value these swaps was derived using broker quotes, prices from other third party sources and other available market based data.
The derivatives included with inventory supply arrangement obligations, derivatives included with inventory intermediation agreement obligations and the catalyst lease obligations are categorized in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy and are measured at fair value using a market approach based upon commodity prices for similar instruments quoted in active markets.

The table below summarizes the changes in fair value measurements categorized in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
1,521

 
$
(23,365
)
Purchases
 

 

Settlements
 
(1,200
)
 
(1,305
)
Unrealized gain included in earnings
 
9,357

 
20,919

Transfers into Level 3
 

 

Transfers out of Level 3
 

 

Balance at end of period
 
$
9,678

 
$
(3,751
)

There were no transfers between levels during the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

23

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

Fair value of debt
The table below summarizes the fair value and carrying value as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
Carrying
value
 
Fair
 value
 
Carrying
 value
 
Fair
value
Senior Secured Notes (a)
$
668,792

 
$
688,288

 
$
668,520

 
$
675,580

PBFX Term Loan (b)
234,900

 
234,900

 
234,900

 
234,900

Rail Facility (b)
37,920

 
37,920

 
37,270

 
37,270

PBFX Revolving Credit Facility (b)
275,100

 
275,100

 
275,100

 
275,100

Catalyst leases (c)
34,521

 
34,521

 
36,559

 
36,559

 
1,251,233

 
1,270,729

 
1,252,349

 
1,259,409

Less - Current maturities

 

 

 

Long-term debt
$
1,251,233

 
$
1,270,729

 
$
1,252,349

 
$
1,259,409


(a) The estimated fair value, categorized as a Level 2 measurement, was calculated based on the present value of future expected payments utilizing implied current market interest rates based on quoted prices of the Senior Secured Notes.
(b) The estimated fair value approximates carrying value, categorized as a Level 2 measurement, as these borrowings bear interest based upon short-term floating market interest rates.
(c) Catalyst leases are valued using a market approach based upon commodity prices for similar instruments quoted in active markets and are categorized as a Level 2 measurement. The Company has elected the fair value option for accounting for its catalyst lease repurchase obligations as the Company's liability is directly impacted by the change in fair value of the underlying catalyst.

14. DERIVATIVES
The Company uses derivative instruments to mitigate certain exposures to commodity price risk. The Company’s crude supply agreement contains purchase obligations for certain volumes of crude oil and other feedstocks. In addition, the Company entered into Inventory Intermediation Agreements commencing in July 2013 that contain purchase obligations for certain volumes of intermediates and refined products. The purchase obligations related to crude oil, feedstocks, intermediates and refined products under these agreements are derivative instruments that have been designated as fair value hedges in order to hedge the commodity price volatility of certain refinery inventory. The fair value of these purchase obligation derivatives is based on market prices of the underlying crude oil and refined products. The level of activity for these derivatives is based on the level of operating inventories.

As of March 31, 2015, there were 863,872 barrels of crude oil and feedstocks (662,579 barrels at December 31, 2014) outstanding under these derivative instruments designated as fair value hedges and no barrels (no barrels at December 31, 2014) outstanding under these derivative instruments not designated as hedges. As of March 31, 2015, there were 2,963,924 barrels of intermediates and refined products (3,106,325 barrels at December 31, 2014) outstanding under these derivative instruments designated as fair value hedges and no barrels (no barrels at December 31, 2014) outstanding under these derivative instruments not designated as hedges. These volumes represent the notional value of the contract.

The Company also enters into economic hedges primarily consisting of commodity derivative contracts that are not designated as hedges and are used to manage price volatility in certain crude oil and feedstock inventories as well as crude oil, feedstock, and refined product sales or purchases. The objective in entering into economic hedges is consistent with the objectives discussed above for fair value hedges. As of March 31, 2015, there were

24

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

103,955,000 barrels of crude oil and 7,659,000 barrels of refined products (47,339,000 and 1,970,871, respectively, as of December 31, 2014), outstanding under short and long term commodity derivative contracts not designated as hedges representing the notional value of the contracts.

The following tables provide information about the fair values of these derivative instruments as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 and the line items in the consolidated balance sheet in which the fair values are reflected.
Description

Balance Sheet Location
Fair Value
Asset/(Liability)
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
March 31, 2015:
 
 
Derivatives included with inventory supply arrangement obligations
Accrued expenses
$
1,430

Derivatives included with the intermediation agreement obligations
Accrued expenses
$
31,148

December 31, 2014
 
 
Derivatives included with inventory supply arrangement obligations
Accrued expenses
$
4,251

Derivatives included with the intermediation agreement obligations
Accrued expenses
$
94,834

 
 
 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
March 31, 2015:
 
 
Commodity contracts
Accounts receivable
$
14,005

Commodity contracts
Accrued expenses
$
(19,389
)
December 31, 2014
 
 
Commodity contracts
Accounts receivable
$
31,155


25

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

The following tables provide information about the gain or loss recognized in income on these derivative instruments and the line items in the consolidated financial statements in which such gains and losses are reflected.
Description
Location of Gain or (Loss) Recognized in
 Income on Derivatives
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in
Income on Derivatives
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2015:
 
 
Derivatives included with inventory supply arrangement obligations
Cost of sales
$
(2,821
)
Derivatives included with the intermediation agreement obligations
Cost of sales
$
(63,686
)
For the three months ended March 31, 2014:
 
 
Derivatives included with inventory supply arrangement obligations
Cost of sales
$
2,651

Derivatives included with the intermediation agreement obligations
Cost of sales
$
14,812

 
 
 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2015:
 
 
Commodity contracts
Cost of sales
$
(41,128
)
For the three months ended March 31, 2014:
 
 
Commodity contracts
Cost of sales
$
72,397

 
 
 
Hedged items designated in fair value hedges:
 
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2015:
 
 
Crude oil and feedstock inventory
Cost of sales
$
2,821

Intermediate and refined product inventory
Cost of sales
$
63,686

For the three months ended March 31, 2014:
 
 
Crude oil and feedstock inventory
Cost of sales
$
(2,651
)
Intermediate and refined product inventory
Cost of sales
$
(14,812
)

The Company had no ineffectiveness related to the Company's fair value hedges for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014.

15. SEGMENT INFORMATION

The Company's operations are organized into two reportable segments, Refining and Logistics. Operations that are not included in the Refining and Logistics segments are included in Corporate. Intersegment transactions are eliminated in the consolidated financial statements and are included in Eliminations.

Refining
The Company 's Refining Segment includes the operations of its three refineries which are located in Toledo, Ohio, Delaware City, Delaware and Paulsboro, New Jersey. The refineries produce unbranded transportation fuels, heating oil, petrochemical feedstocks, lubricants and other petroleum products in the United States. The Company purchases crude oil, other feedstocks and blending components from various third-party suppliers. The Company sells products throughout the Northeast and Midwest of the United States, as well as in other regions of the United States and Canada, and is able to ship products to other international destinations. The refineries have a combined processing capacity, known as throughput, of approximately 540,000 barrels per day ("bpd"), and a weighted-average Nelson Complexity Index of 11.3.

Logistics
The Company formed PBFX, a publicly traded master limited partnership, to own or lease, operate, develop and acquire crude oil and refined petroleum products terminals, pipelines, storage facilities and similar logistics assets. PBFX's assets consist of (i) a rail terminal which has a double loop track and ancillary pumping and unloading

26

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

equipment located at the Delaware City refinery with an unloading capacity of approximately 130,000 bpd; (ii) a truck terminal that was comprised of six lease automatic custody transfer units accepting crude oil deliveries by truck located at the Toledo refinery designed for total throughput capacity of up to approximately 22,500 bpd; (iii) a heavy crude rail unloading rack located at the Delaware City refinery with an unloading capacity of at least 40,000 bpd; and (iv) a tank farm with aggregate storage capacity of approximately 3.9 million barrels, including a propane storage and loading facility with throughput capacity of 11,000 bpd at the Toledo Refinery. PBFX provides various rail and truck terminaling services and storage services to PBF Holding and/or its subsidiaries through long-term commercial agreements. PBFX currently does not generate third party revenue and as such intersegment related revenues are eliminated in consolidation. Prior to the PBFX Offering, PBFX's assets were operated within the refining operations of the Company's Delaware City and Toledo refineries. The assets did not generate third party or intra-entity revenue and were not considered to be a separate reportable segment.

The Company evaluates the performance of its segments based primarily on income from operations. Income from operations includes those revenues and expenses that are directly attributable to management of the respective segment. The Logistics segment's revenues include inter-segment transactions with the Company's Refining segment at prices the Company believes are substantially equivalent to the prices that could have been negotiated with unaffiliated parties with respect to similar services. Activities of the Company's business that are not included in the two operating segments are included in Corporate. Such activities consist primarily of corporate staff operations and other items that are not specific to the normal operations of the two operating segments. The Company does not allocate certain items of other income and expense, including income taxes, to the individual segments. The Refinery segment's operating subsidiaries and PBFX are primarily pass-through entities with respect to income taxes.

Disclosures regarding our reportable segments with reconciliations to consolidated totals for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and March 31, 2014 are presented below. The Logistics segment's results include financial information of the predecessor of PBFX for periods prior to May 13, 2014, and the financial information of PBFX for the period beginning May 14, 2014, the completion date of the PBFX Offering. In connection with the contribution by PBF LLC of the DCR West Rack and the Toledo Storage Facility, the accompanying segment information has been retrospectively adjusted to include the historical results of the DCR West Rack and Toledo Storage Facility for all periods presented prior to such contributions.

Prior to the PBFX Offering, the Company did not operate the PBFX assets independent of the Refining segment. Total assets of each segment consist of net property, plant and equipment, inventories, cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivables and other assets directly associated with the segment’s operations. Corporate assets consist primarily of deferred tax assets, property, plant and equipment and other assets not directly related to our refinery and logistic operations.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2015

Refining

Logistics

Corporate
 
Eliminations

Consolidated Total
Revenues
$
2,995,136


$
30,565


$

 
$
(30,565
)

$
2,995,136

Depreciation and amortization expense
43,216


1,447


3,043

 


47,706

Income (loss) from operations
189,128

 
18,674

 
(35,392
)
 

 
172,410

Interest expense, net
3,946

 
1,965

 
16,281

 

 
22,192

Capital expenditures
$
124,527

 
$
17

 
$
1,185

 
$

 
$
125,729


27

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2014
 
Refining
 
Logistics
 
Corporate
 
 Eliminations
 
Consolidated Total
Revenues
$
4,746,443

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
4,746,443

Depreciation and amortization expense
29,059

 
676

 
3,480

 

 
33,215

Income (loss) from operations
305,500

 
(5,375
)
 
(39,918
)
 

 
260,207

Interest expense, net
7,468

 

 
17,787

 

 
25,255

 Capital expenditures
$
80,272

 
$
9,384

 
$
756

 
$

 
$
90,412

 
Balance at March 31, 2015
 
Refining
 
Logistics
 
Corporate
 
 Eliminations
 
Consolidated Total
Total assets
$
4,116,594

 
$
402,277

 
$
645,691

 
$
(13,950
)
 
$
5,150,612

 
Balance at December 31, 2014
 
Refining
 
Logistics
 
Corporate
 
 Eliminations
 
Consolidated Total
Total assets
$
4,329,996

 
$
393,951

 
$
483,971

 
$
(11,630
)
 
$
5,196,288



28

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)

16. NET INCOME PER SHARE OF PBF ENERGY
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income per Class A common share attributable to PBF Energy:
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
Basic Earnings Per Share:
2015
 
2014
Numerator for basic net income per Class A common share net income attributable to PBF Energy
$
87,321

 
$
77,444

Denominator for basic net income per Class A common share-weighted average shares
84,278,071

 
54,167,861

Basic net income attributable to PBF Energy per Class A common share
$
1.04

 
$
1.43

 
 
 
 
Diluted Earnings Per Share:
 
 
 
Numerator:
 
 
 
Net income attributable to PBF Energy
$
87,321

 
$
77,444

Plus: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest (1)   
7,788

 

Less: Income tax on net income attributable to noncontrolling interest (1) 
(3,131
)
 

Numerator for diluted net income per Class A common share net income attributable to PBF Energy (1)
$
91,978

 
$
77,444

 
 
 
 
Denominator(1):
 
 
 
Denominator for basic net income per Class A common share-weighted average shares
84,278,071

 
54,167,861

Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
Conversion of PBF LLC Series A Units    
6,866,867

 

Common stock equivalents (2)  
524,163

 
523,766

Denominator for diluted net income per common share-adjusted weighted average shares
91,669,101

 
54,691,627

Diluted net income attributable to PBF Energy per Class A common share
$
1.00

 
$
1.42

 
(1)
The diluted earnings per share calculation for the three months ended March 31, 2015 assumes the conversion of all outstanding PBF LLC Series A Units to Class A common stock of PBF Energy. The net income attributable to PBF Energy, used in the numerator of the diluted earnings per share calculation is adjusted to reflect the net income, as well as the corresponding income tax (based on a 40.2% statutory tax rate) attributable to the converted units. During the three months ended March 31, 2014, the potential conversion of 42,707,005 PBF LLC Series A Units into PBF Energy Class A common stock was excluded from the denominator in computing diluted net income per share because including them would have had an antidilutive effect. As the potential conversion of the PBF LLC Series A Units was not included, the numerator used in the calculation of diluted net income per share was equal to the numerator used in the calculation of basic net income per share and does not include the net income and income tax attributable to the net income associated with the potential conversion of the PBF LLC Series A Units.

(2)
Represents an adjustment to weighted-average diluted shares outstanding to assume the full exchange of common stock equivalents, including options and warrants for PBF LLC Series A Units and options for shares of PBF Energy Class A common stock as calculated under the treasury stock method. Common stock equivalents excludes the effects of options to purchase 2,869,500 and 1,943,125 shares of PBF Energy Class A common stock because they are anti-dilutive for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

29

PBF ENERGY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE, UNIT, PER SHARE, PER UNIT AND BARREL DATA)


17. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Dividend Declared
On April 30, 2015, the Company's Board of Directors declared a dividend of $0.30 per share on outstanding Class A common stock. The dividend is payable on May 27, 2015 to Class A common stockholders of record at the close of business on May 11, 2015.

PBFX Distributions
On April 30, 2015, the Board of Directors of PBF GP declared a distribution of $0.35 per unit on outstanding common and subordinated units of PBFX. The distribution is payable on May 29, 2015 to PBFX unit holders of record at the close of business on May 15, 2015.

PBF Rail Facility Amendment
On April 29, 2015, PBF Rail Logistics LLC ("PBF Rail"), an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of PBF Holding, entered into the First Amendment to Loan Agreement (as amended the “Rail Facility”) among Credit Agricole Corporate + Investment Bank as Administrative Agent, Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas as Collateral Agent, DVB Bank SE as Syndication Agent, ING Bank, a branch of ING-DiBa AG as Documentation Agent and certain other Continuing Lenders, as defined in the agreement. The primary purpose of the Rail Facility is to fund the acquisition by PBF Rail of coiled and insulated crude tank cars and non-coiled and non-insulated general purpose crude tank cars. The amendments to the Rail Facility include the extension of the maturity to April 29, 2017, the reduction of the total commitment from $250,000 to $150,000, and the reduction of the commitment fee on the unused portion of the Rail Facility.
Drop-Down
On May 5, 2015, PBFX announced the pending acquisition of the Delaware City Products Pipeline and Truck Rack from PBF Energy and certain of its consolidated subsidiaries, for consideration payable to PBF LLC from PBFX of $143,000, consisting of $112,500 of cash and $30,500 of PBFX common units, or 1,288,420 common units. The Delaware City Products Pipeline and Truck Rack are located at PBF Energy's Delaware City refinery and supply refined petroleum products into the Northeast market. The pipeline has a capacity in excess of 125,000 bpd and connects the Delaware City refinery to critical distribution facilities in Pennsylvania and New York State. The Truck Rack is a 15-lane loading rack with a capacity of 76,000 bpd. The acquisition of the Delaware City Products Pipeline and Truck Rack will be supported by ten-year term agreements with subsidiaries of PBF Energy containing minimum volume throughput commitments.

30


ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements of PBF Energy Inc. included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 and the unaudited financial statements and related notes included in this report. The following discussion contains “forward-looking statements” that reflect our future plans, estimates, beliefs and expected performance. Our actual results may differ materially from those currently anticipated and expressed in such forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors. We caution that assumptions, expectations, projections, intentions or beliefs about future events may, and often do, vary from actual results and the differences can be material. Please see “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”
 
Unless the context indicates otherwise, the terms “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to PBF Energy and its consolidated subsidiaries, including PBF LLC, PBF Holding and its subsidiaries and PBFX and its subsidiaries. 

Overview
We are one of the largest independent petroleum refiners and suppliers of unbranded transportation fuels, heating oil, petrochemical feedstocks, lubricants and other petroleum products in the United States. We sell our products throughout the Northeast and Midwest of the United States, as well as in other regions of the United States and Canada, and are able to ship products to other international destinations. We were formed in 2008 to pursue acquisitions of crude oil refineries and downstream assets in North America. We currently own and operate three domestic oil refineries and related assets, which we acquired in 2010 and 2011. Our refineries have a combined processing capacity, known as throughput, of approximately 540,000 barrels per day ("bpd"), and a weighted-average Nelson Complexity Index of 11.3.

Our three refineries are located in Toledo, Ohio, Delaware City, Delaware and Paulsboro, New Jersey. Our Mid-Continent refinery at Toledo processes light, sweet crude, has a throughput capacity of 170,000 bpd and a Nelson Complexity Index of 9.2. The majority of Toledo’s WTI-based crude is delivered via pipelines that originate in both Canada and the United States. Since our acquisition of Toledo in 2011, we have added additional truck and rail crude unloading capabilities that provide feedstock sourcing flexibility for the refinery and enables Toledo to run a more cost-advantaged crude slate. Our East Coast refineries at Delaware City and Paulsboro have a combined refining capacity of 370,000 bpd and Nelson Complexity Indices of 11.3 and 13.2, respectively. These high-conversion refineries process primarily medium and heavy, sour crudes and have historically received the bulk of their feedstock via ships and barges on the Delaware River.

Since our acquisition of the Delaware City refinery, we expanded and upgraded the existing on-site railroad infrastructure, including the expansion of the crude rail unloading facilities. Currently, crude delivered by rail to this facility is consumed at our Delaware City refinery. We also transport some of the crude delivered by rail from Delaware City via barge to our Paulsboro refinery or other third party destinations. In 2014 we completed a project to expand the Delaware City heavy crude rail unloading terminal capability at the refinery from 40,000 bpd to 80,000 bpd and added additional unloading spots to the dual-loop track light crude rail unloading facility, which has increased its unloading capability from 105,000 bpd to 130,000 bpd. These projects bring total rail crude unloading capability up to 210,000 bpd, subject to the delivery of coiled and insulated railcars, the development of crude rail loading infrastructure in Canada and the use of unit trains. The Delaware City rail unloading facilities, including the facilities now owned by PBFX, allows our East Coast refineries to source West Texas Intermediate ("WTI") price-based crude oils from Western Canada and the Mid-Continent, which we believe at times may provide cost advantages versus traditional Brent based international crudes.

As of March 31, 2015, we owned 85,989,363 PBF LLC Series C Units and our executive officers and directors and certain employees and others held 5,170,687 PBF LLC Series A Units (we refer to all of the holders of the PBF LLC Series A Units as “the members of PBF LLC other than PBF Energy”). As a result, the holders of our issued and outstanding shares of our Class A common stock have approximately 94.3% of the voting power in us, and the members of PBF LLC other than PBF Energy through their holdings of Class B common stock have approximately 5.7% of the voting power in us.

31



Factors Affecting Comparability Between Periods
Our results have been affected by the following events, which must be understood in order to assess the comparability of our period to period financial performance and financial condition.

Initial Public Offering of PBFX
On May 14, 2014, PBFX completed its initial public offering (the “PBFX Offering”) of 15,812,500 common units, including 2,062,500 common units issued upon exercise of the over-allotment option that was granted to the underwriters, at a price to the public of $23.00 per unit. On September 30, 2014, PBF LLC completed a transaction to contribute to PBFX the Delaware City heavy crude unloading rack ("DCR West Rack") for total consideration of $150.0 million, consisting of $135.0 million of cash and $15.0 million of PBFX common units, or 589,536 common units (the "DCR West Rack Acquisition"). On December 11, 2014, PBF LLC completed a transaction to contribute to PBFX the tank farm and related facilities located at our Toledo refinery, including a propane storage and loading facility (the "Toledo Storage Facility") for total consideration of $150.0 million, consisting of $135.0 million of cash and $15.0 million of PBFX common units, or 620,935 common units (the "Toledo Storage Facility Acquisition").

As of March 31, 2015, PBF LLC holds a 52.1% limited partner interest in PBFX (consisting of 1,284,524 common units and 15,886,553 subordinated units), with the remaining 47.9% limited partner interest held by the public unit holders. PBF LLC also owns all of the incentive distribution rights and indirectly owns a non-economic general partner interest in PBFX through its wholly-owned subsidiary, PBF Logistics GP LLC (“PBF GP”), the general partner of PBFX. During the subordination period (as set forth in the partnership agreement of PBFX) holders of the subordinated units are not entitled to receive any distribution of available cash until the common units have received the minimum quarterly distribution plus any arrearages in the payment of the minimum quarterly distribution from prior quarters. If PBFX does not pay distributions on the subordinated units, the subordinated units will not accrue arrearages for those unpaid distributions. Each subordinated unit will convert into one common unit at the end of the subordination period.

PBFX is a fee-based, growth-oriented, Delaware master limited partnership formed by PBF Energy to own or lease, operate, develop and acquire crude oil and refined petroleum products terminals, pipelines, storage facilities and similar logistics assets. PBFX engages in the receiving, handling and transferring of crude oil and the receipt, storage and delivery of crude oil, refined products and intermediates from sources located throughout the United States and Canada for PBF Energy in support of its three refineries. PBFX’s assets consist of a light crude oil rail unloading terminal at the Delaware City refinery that also services the Paulsboro refinery (which we refer to as the “Delaware City Rail Terminal”), a crude oil truck unloading terminal at the Toledo refinery (which we refer to as the “Toledo Truck Terminal”), the DCR West Rack and the Toledo Storage Facility. All of PBFX’s revenue is derived from long-term, fee-based commercial agreements with subsidiaries of PBF Energy, which include minimum volume commitments, for receiving, handling, transferring and storing crude oil and refined products. These transactions are eliminated by PBF Energy in consolidation.

Secondary Offerings
On February 6, 2015, we completed a public offering of 3,804,653 shares of Class A common stock in a secondary offering (the "February 2015 secondary offering"). All of the shares in the February 2015 secondary offering were sold by funds affiliated with Blackstone Group L.P., or Blackstone, and First Reserve Management, L.P., or First Reserve. In connection with the February 2015 secondary offering, Blackstone and First Reserve exchanged all of their remaining PBF LLC Series A Units for an equivalent number of shares of Class A common stock of PBF Energy, and as a result, Blackstone and First Reserve no longer hold any PBF LLC Series A Units or shares of our Class A Common stock. The holders of PBF LLC Series B Units, which include certain executive officers of PBF Energy and others, received a portion of the proceeds of the sale of the PBF Energy Class A common stock by Blackstone and First Reserve in accordance with the amended and restated limited liability company agreement of PBF LLC. PBF Energy did not receive any proceeds from the February 2015 secondary offering.

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Subsequent to the February 2015 secondary offering, as of March 31, 2015, we own 85,989,363 PBF LLC Series C Units and the Company's executive officers and directors and certain employees and others beneficially own 5,170,687 PBF LLC Series A Units. The holders of the Company's issued and outstanding shares of Class A common stock have 94.3% of the voting power in the Company and the members of PBF LLC other than PBF Energy through their holdings of Class B common stock have the remaining 5.7% of the voting power in us. In addition, in January and March of 2014, the Company also completed two separate secondary offerings for a total of 30,000,000 shares of Class A common stock. All such shares were sold by funds affiliated with Blackstone and First Reserve.
Rail Facility Revolving Credit Facility
Effective March 25, 2014, PBF Rail Logistics Company LLC (“PBF Rail”), an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of PBF Holding, entered into a $250.0 million secured revolving credit agreement (the “Rail Facility”). The primary purpose of the Rail Facility is to fund the acquisition by PBF Rail of coiled and insulated crude tank cars and non-coiled and non-insulated general purpose crude tank cars (the "Eligible Railcars") before December 2015. The amount available to be advanced under the Rail Facility equals 70.0% of the lesser of the aggregate Appraised Value of the Eligible Railcars, or the aggregate Purchase Price of such Eligible Railcars, as these terms are defined in the credit agreement. On the first anniversary of the closing, the advance rate adjusts automatically to 65.0%.
On April 29, 2015, the Rail Facility was amended to, among other things, extend the maturity to April 29, 2017, reduce the total commitment from $250.0 million to $150.0 million, and reduce the commitment fee on the unused portion of the Rail Facility. At any time prior to maturity PBF Rail may repay and re-borrow any advances without premium or penalty.
PBFX Debt and Credit Facilities
On May 14, 2014, in connection with the closing of the PBFX Offering, PBFX entered into a five-year, $275.0 million revolving credit facility (the "PBFX Revolving Credit Facility") and a three-year, $300.0 million term loan (the "PBFX Term Loan"). The PBFX Revolving Credit Facility was increased from $275.0 million to $325.0 million in December 2014. The PBFX Revolving Credit Facility is available to fund working capital, acquisitions, distributions and capital expenditures and for other general partnership purposes and is guaranteed by a guaranty of collection from PBF LLC. PBFX also has the ability to increase the maximum amount of the PBFX Revolving Credit Facility by an aggregate amount of up to $275.0 million, to a total facility size of $600.0 million, subject to receiving increased commitments from lenders or other financial institutions and satisfaction of certain conditions. The PBFX Revolving Credit Facility includes a $25.0 million sublimit for standby letters of credit and a $25.0 million sublimit for swingline loans. The PBFX Term Loan was used to fund distributions to PBF LLC and is guaranteed by a guaranty of collection from PBF LLC and secured at all times by cash, U.S. Treasury or other investment grade securities in an amount equal to or greater than the outstanding principal amount of the PBFX Term Loan.
Crude Oil Acquisition Agreement Termination
Effective July 31, 2014, PBF Holding terminated the Amended and Restated Crude Oil Acquisition Agreement, dated as of March 1, 2012 as amended (the "Toledo Crude Oil Acquisition Agreement") with MSCG.  Under the terms of the Toledo Crude Oil Acquisition Agreement, we previously acquired substantially all of our crude oil for our subsidiary's Toledo refinery from MSCG through delivery at various interstate pipeline locations. No early termination penalties were incurred by us as a result of the termination. We began sourcing our own crude oil needs for Toledo upon termination.


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Results of Operations
The tables below reflect our consolidated financial and operating highlights for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 (amounts in thousands, except per share data). We operate in two reportable business segments: Refining and Logistics. Our three oil refineries are all engaged in the refining of crude oil and other feedstocks into petroleum products, and are aggregated into the Refining segment. PBFX is a publicly traded master limited partnership that operates logistical assets such as crude oil and refined petroleum products terminals, pipelines and storage facilities. PBFX's operations are aggregated into the Logistics segment. Prior to the PBFX Offering, DCR West Rack Acquisition and Toledo Tank Farm Acquisition, PBFX's assets were operated within the refining operations of our Delaware City and Toledo refineries and were not considered to be a separate reportable segment. We did not analyze our results by individual segment as our Logistics segment does not have any third party revenue and substantially all of its operating results eliminate in consolidation. Additionally, third party expenses attributable directly to the Logistics segment are immaterial relative to our consolidated operating results.
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Revenue
$
2,995,136

 
$
4,746,443

Cost of sales, excluding depreciation
2,502,215

 
4,147,684


492,921

 
598,759

Operating expenses, excluding depreciation
237,118

 
268,899

General and administrative expenses
36,046

 
36,624

Gain on sale of assets
(359
)
 
(186
)
Depreciation and amortization expense
47,706

 
33,215

Income from operations
172,410

 
260,207

Change in fair value of catalyst leases
2,039

 
(2,001
)
Interest expense, net
(22,192
)
 
(25,255
)
Income before income taxes
152,257

 
232,951

Income tax expense
49,138

 
49,679

Net income
103,119

 
183,272

Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
15,798

 
105,828

Net income attributable to PBF Energy Inc.
$
87,321

 
77,444

 
 
 
 
Gross margin
$
216,328

 
$
300,125

 
 
 
 
Gross refining margin (1)
$
466,096

 
$
598,759

 
 
 
 
Net income available to Class A common stock per share:
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.04

 
$
1.43

Diluted
$
1.00

 
$
1.42


(1)
See Non-GAAP Financial Measures below.

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Operating Highlights
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Key Operating Information 
 
 
 
Production (bpd in thousands)
465.4

 
428.6

Crude oil and feedstocks throughput (bpd in thousands)
467.8

 
430.9

Total crude oil and feedstocks throughput (millions of barrels)
42.1

 
38.8

Gross refining margin, excluding special items, per barrel of throughput (1)
$
10.57

 
$
15.44

Refinery operating expenses, excluding depreciation, per barrel of throughput
$
5.54

 
$
6.93

 
 
 
 
Crude and feedstocks (% of total throughput) (2):
 
 
 
Heavy crude
15
%
 
13
%
Medium crude
46
%
 
45
%
Light crude
27
%
 
34
%
Other feedstocks and blends
12
%
 
8
%
 
 
 
 
Yield (% of total throughput):
 
 
 
Gasoline and gasoline blendstocks
49
%
 
49
%
Distillates and distillate blendstocks
34
%
 
37
%
Lubes
1
%
 
2
%
Chemicals
3
%
 
3
%
Other
13
%
 
9
%
 
 
 
 



(1)
See Non-GAAP Financial Measures below.
(2)
We define heavy crude oil as crude oil with an American Petroleum Institute (API) gravity less than 24 degrees.     We define medium crude oil as crude oil with an API gravity between 24 and 35 degrees. We define light crude oil as crude oil with an API gravity higher than 35 degrees.

35


The table below summarizes certain market indicators relating to our operating results as reported by Platts. 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
(dollars per barrel, except as noted)
Dated Brent Crude
$
54.29

 
$
108.21

West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil
$
48.49

 
$
98.69

Crack Spreads
 
 
 
Dated Brent (NYH) 2-1-1
$
15.76

 
$
11.41

WTI (Chicago) 4-3-1
$
15.45

 
$
16.79

Crude Oil Differentials
 
 
 
Dated Brent (foreign) less WTI
$
5.80

 
$
9.52

Dated Brent less Maya (heavy, sour)
$
10.14

 
$
18.93

Dated Brent less WTS (sour)
$
6.79

 
$
15.10

Dated Brent less ASCI (sour)
$
5.58

 
$
7.77

WTI less WCS (heavy, sour)
$
11.80

 
$
21.63

WTI less Bakken (light, sweet)
$
5.13

 
$
3.79

WTI less Syncrude (light, sweet)
$
(0.68
)
 
$
0.99

Natural gas (dollars per MMBTU)
$
2.81

 
$
4.72

Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 Compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2014
Overview— Net income for PBF Energy was $103.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to net income of $183.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. Net income attributable to PBF Energy was $87.3 million, or $1.00 per diluted share, for the three months ended March 31, 2015 ($1.00 per share on a fully exchanged, fully diluted basis based on adjusted fully-converted net income, or $0.87 per share on a fully exchanged, fully diluted basis based on adjusted fully-converted net income excluding special items, as described below in Non-GAAP Financial Measures) compared to net income attributable to PBF Energy of $77.4 million, or $1.42 per diluted share, for the three months ended March 31, 2014 ($1.44 per share on a fully exchanged, fully diluted basis based on adjusted fully-converted net income, as described below in Non-GAAP Financial Measures). The net income or loss attributable to PBF Energy represents PBF Energy’s equity interest in PBF LLC’s pre-tax income, less applicable income tax expense. PBF Energy's weighted-average equity interest in PBF LLC was 92.4% and 55.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
Our results for the three months ended March 31, 2015 were positively impacted by a non-cash special item consisting of a non-cash pre-tax inventory lower of cost or market ("LCM") adjustment of approximately $21.2 million on a net basis, which includes the reversal of the LCM charge recorded in the fourth quarter of 2014. The LCM adjustment is a result of the changing crude oil and refined product prices from the year ended 2014 to the end of the first quarter of 2015. During this period market prices have remained below our historical costs. Excluding the impact of the net change in LCM reserve of $21.2 million, our results were negatively impacted by unfavorable movements in certain crude oil differentials and lower crack spreads in the Mid-Continent, partially offset by higher crack spreads on the East Coast.
Revenues— Revenues totaled $3.0 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $4.7 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2014, a decrease of approximately $1.8 billion, or 36.9%. For the three months ended March 31, 2015, the total throughput rates in the East Coast and Mid-Continent refineries averaged approximately 325,700 bpd and 142,100 bpd, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2014, the total throughput rates at our East Coast and Mid-Continent refineries averaged approximately 292,700 bpd and 138,200 bpd, respectively. The increase in throughput rates at our East Coast refineries in 2015 compared to 2014

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is primarily due to unplanned down time at our Paulsboro refinery in January 2014 and a planned turnaround in March 2014. For the three months ended March 31, 2015, the total barrels sold at our East Coast and Mid-Continent refineries averaged approximately 362,700 bpd and 157,900 bpd, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2014, the total barrels sold at our East Coast and Mid-Continent refineries averaged approximately 310,100 bpd and 148,400 bpd, respectively.

Gross Margin— Gross refining margin (as described below in Non-GAAP Financial Measures) totaled $466.1 million, or $11.07 per barrel of throughput ($444.9 million or $10.57 per barrel of throughput excluding the impact of special items), for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $598.8 million, or $15.44 per barrel of throughput during the three months ended March 31, 2014, a decrease of $132.7 million. Gross margin, including refinery operating expenses and depreciation, totaled $216.3 million, or $5.14 per barrel of throughput, for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $300.1 million, or $7.74 per barrel of throughput, for the three months ended March 31, 2014, a decrease of $83.8 million. Excluding the impact of special items, gross margin and gross refining margin decreased due to unfavorable movements in certain crude differentials and lower crack spreads in the Mid-Continent, partially offset by improved crack spreads on the East Coast. In addition, gross margin and gross refining margin were positively impacted by a non-cash LCM adjustment of approximately $21.2 million on a net basis resulting from the change in crude oil and refined product prices from the year ended 2014 to the end of the first quarter of 2015, which remained below our historical costs.

Average industry refining margins in the Mid-Continent were weaker during the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to the same period in 2014. The WTI (Chicago) 4-3-1 industry crack spread was approximately $15.45 per barrel or 8.0% lower in the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to $16.79 per barrel in the same period in 2014. Our margins were further negatively impacted from our refinery specific crude slate in the Mid-Continent which was impacted by a declining WTI/Syncrude differential, which averaged a premium of $0.68 per barrel in the first quarter of 2015 as compared to a discount of $0.99 per barrel in the first quarter of 2014.

The Dated Brent (NYH) 2-1-1 industry crack spread was approximately $15.76 per barrel, or 38.1% higher in the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to $11.41 per barrel in the same period in 2014. While the WTI/Dated Brent differential was $3.72 lower in the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to the same period in 2014 and Dated Brent/Maya differential was $8.79 lower in the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to the same period in 2014, the WTI/Bakken differential was approximately $1.34 per barrel more favorable in the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to the same period in 2014. The decrease in the WTI/Dated Brent crude differential can unfavorably impact our East Coast refineries, and we increased our shipments of rail-delivered WTI-based crudes from the Bakken and Western Canada by over 23,000 bpd or almost 23.1% versus the first quarter of 2014, which had the overall effect of increasing the cost of crude oil processed at our East Coast refineries and decreasing our gross refining margin and gross margin.

Operating Expenses— Operating expenses totaled $237.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $268.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, a decrease of $31.8 million, or 11.8%. For the three months ended March 31, 2015, $233.4 million, or $5.54 per barrel of throughput, of total operating expenses related to expenses incurred by the Refining segment, compared to $268.9 million, or $6.93 per barrel of throughput, of operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2014. The decrease in Refining segment operating expenses is mainly attributable to a decrease of $37.9 million in maintenance, energy and utility expenses related primarily to lower natural gas and electricity prices and reduced fixed overhead costs of $2.7 million, partially offset by chemicals and catalyst related expenses of $2.9 million and an increase of $2.2 million related to outside engineering services. Operating expenses related to the Logistics segment were $3.7 million during the three months ended March 31, 2015. Our operating expenses principally consist of salaries and employee benefits, maintenance, energy and catalyst and chemicals costs at our refineries. The operating expense related to the Logistics segment consists of costs related to the operation and maintenance of PBFX's assets subsequent to the PBFX Offering.


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General and Administrative Expenses— General and administrative expenses totaled $36.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $36.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, a decrease of $0.6 million or 1.6%. The decrease in general and administrative expenses primarily relates to lower employee compensation expense of $3.5 million, partially offset by $2.4 million in higher outside services and other overhead costs and an increase in equity-based compensation expense of $0.6 million. Our general and administrative expenses are comprised of the personnel, facilities and other infrastructure costs necessary to support our refineries.

Gain on Sale of Assets— Gain on sale of assets for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $0.4 million as compared to $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 related to the sale of railcars which were subsequently leased back.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense— Depreciation and amortization expense totaled $47.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $33.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, an increase of $14.5 million. The increase was primarily a result of capital projects related to turnarounds completed in 2014, the completed expansion of the crude rail unloading facility at the Delaware City refinery in 2014 and refinery optimization projects at Toledo.

Change in Fair Value of Catalyst Leases— Change in the fair value of catalyst leases represented a gain of $2.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to a loss of $2.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. These gains and losses relate to the change in value of the precious metals underlying the sale and leaseback of our refineries’ precious metals catalyst, which we are obligated to repurchase at fair market value on the lease termination dates.

Interest Expense, net— Interest expense totaled $22.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $25.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, a decrease of $3.1 million. This decrease is mainly attributable to the termination of our crude and feedstock supply agreement with Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. ("MSCG"), effective July 31, 2014, partially offset by higher interest costs associated with the issuance of the PBFX Revolving Credit Facility and the PBFX Term Loan in connection with the PBFX Offering and the related amortization of deferred financing fees as well as higher letter of credit fees. Interest expense includes interest on long-term debt including the PBFX credit facilities, costs related to the sale and leaseback of our precious metals catalyst, interest expense incurred in connection with our crude and feedstock supply agreement with Statoil, financing costs associated with the Inventory Intermediation Agreements with J. Aron, letter of credit fees associated with the purchase of certain crude oils, and the amortization of deferred financing costs.

Income Tax Expense— PBF LLC is organized as a limited liability company and PBFX is a master limited partnership, both of which are treated as "flow-through" entities for federal income tax purposes and therefore are not subject to income tax. However, the members of PBF LLC are required to include their proportionate share of PBF LLC’s taxable income or loss, which includes PBF LLC’s allocable share of PBFX’s pre-tax income or loss, on their respective tax returns. PBF LLC generally makes distributions to its members, per the terms of the PBF LLC amended and restated limited liability company agreement, related to such taxes on a pro-rata basis. PBF Energy recognizes an income tax expense or benefit in our consolidated financial statements based on PBF Energy's allocable share of PBF LLC’s pre-tax income or loss, which was approximately 92.4% and 55.6%, on a weighted-average basis for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. PBF Energy's condensed consolidated financial statements do not reflect any benefit or provision for income taxes on the pre-tax income or loss attributable to the noncontrolling interests in PBF LLC or PBFX (although, as described above, PBF LLC must make tax distributions to all its members on a pro-rata basis). PBF Energy's effective tax rate, excluding the impact of noncontrolling interest, for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 was 36.1% and 39.0%, respectively, reflecting tax benefit adjustments for discrete items related to changes in income tax provision estimates based on our income tax returns and changes in our effective state tax rates.


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Noncontrolling Interest— As a result of our initial public offering and the related reorganization transactions, PBF Energy became the sole managing member of, and has a controlling interest in, PBF LLC. As the sole managing member of PBF LLC, PBF Energy operates and controls all of the business and affairs of PBF LLC and its subsidiaries. PBF Energy consolidates the financial results of PBF LLC and its subsidiaries, including PBFX. With respect to the consolidation of PBF LLC, the Company records a noncontrolling interest for the economic interest in PBF LLC held by members other than PBF Energy, and with respect to the consolidation of PBFX, the Company records a noncontrolling interest for the economic interests in PBFX held by the public unit holders of PBFX. The total noncontrolling interest on the consolidated statement of operations represents the portion of the Company’s earnings or loss attributable to the economic interests held by members of PBF Energy other than PBF Energy and by the public common unit holders of PBFX. The total noncontrolling interest on the balance sheet represents the portion of the Company’s net assets attributable to the economic interests held by the members of PBF LLC other than PBF Energy and by the public common unit holders of PBFX. PBF Energy's weighted-average equity noncontrolling interest ownership percentage in PBF LLC for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 was approximately 7.6% and 44.4%, respectively. The carrying amount of the noncontrolling interest on our consolidated balance sheet attributable to the noncontrolling interest is not equal to the noncontrolling interest ownership percentage due to the effect of income taxes and related agreements that pertain solely to PBF Energy.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Management uses certain financial measures to evaluate our operating performance that are calculated and presented on the basis of methodologies other than in accordance with U.S. GAAP. These measures should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, and our calculations thereof may not be comparable to similarly entitled measures reported by other companies.
Special Items
The non-GAAP measures presented include Adjusted Fully-Converted net income excluding special items, income from continuing operations excluding special items, EBITDA excluding special items, and gross refining margin excluding special items. The special items for the periods presented relate to a LCM adjustment. LCM is a GAAP guideline related to inventory valuation that requires inventory to be stated at the lower of cost or market. Our inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined using last-in, first-out (LIFO) inventory valuation methodology, in which the most recently incurred costs are charged to cost of sales and inventories are valued at base layer acquisition costs. Market is determined based on an assessment of the current estimated replacement cost and net realizable selling price of the inventory. In periods where the market price of our inventory declines substantially, cost values of inventory may exceed market values. In such instances, we record an adjustment to write down the value of inventory to market value in accordance with GAAP. In subsequent periods, the value of inventory is reassessed and a LCM adjustment is recorded to reflect the net change in the LCM inventory reserve between the prior period and the current period. Although we believe that non-GAAP financial measures excluding the impact of special items provide useful supplemental information to investors regarding the results and performance of our business and allow for more useful period-over-period comparisons, such non-GAAP measures should only be considered as a supplement to, and not as a substitute for, or superior to, the financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP.

Adjusted Fully-Converted Net Income (Loss)
PBF Energy utilizes results presented on an Adjusted Fully-Converted basis that reflects an assumed exchange of all PBF LLC Series A Units for shares of Class A common stock of PBF Energy. We believe that these Adjusted Fully-Converted measures, when presented in conjunction with comparable U.S. GAAP measures, are useful to investors to compare PBF Energy results across different periods and to facilitate an understanding of our operating results. The differences between Adjusted Fully-Converted and U.S. GAAP results are as follows:
1.
Assumed Exchange of all PBF LLC Series A Units for shares of PBF Energy Class A common stock. As a result of the assumed exchange of all PBF LLC Series A Units, the noncontrolling interest related

39


to these units is converted to controlling interest. Management believes that it is useful to provide the per-share effect associated with the assumed exchange of all PBF LLC Series A Units.