The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
Sauer Energy, Inc.
(A Development Stage Enterprise)
Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements
May 31, 2013
Note 1 - Organization and summary of significant accounting policies:
These unaudited interim financial statements as of and for the nine months ended May 31, 2013 reflect all adjustments which, in the opinion of management, are necessary to fairly state the Companys financial position and the results of its operations for the periods presented, in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. All adjustments are of a normal recurring nature.
These unaudited interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Companys financial statements and notes thereto included in the Companys fiscal year end August 31, 2012 report. The Company assumes that the users of the interim financial information herein have read, or have access to, the audited financial statements for the preceding period, and that the adequacy of additional disclosure needed for a fair presentation may be determined in that context. The results of operations for the nine month period ended May 31, 2013 are not necessarily indicative of results for the entire year ending August 31, 2013.
Following is a summary of our organization and significant accounting policies:
Organization and nature of business Sauer Energy, Inc. (formerly: BCO Hydrocarbon Ltd.) (identified in these footnotes as we or the Company) was incorporated in the State of Nevada, United States of America on August 19, 2008. It was a natural resource exploration stage company and anticipated acquiring, exploring, and if warranted and feasible, developing natural resource assets. BCO had the right to acquire a 50% working interest in an oil and gas lease in Alberta, Canada.
Sauer Energy, Inc. (the Old Sauer) was incorporated in California on August 7, 2008. The Company is a development stage company engaged in the design and manufacture of vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) systems.
On July 25, 2010, the Company, the president and sole director Malcolm Albery (MA) and Dieter Sauer, Jr. (DS) completed a closing (the Closing) under an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization, dated as of June 23, 2010 (the Agreement). The Agreement provided: (a) for the purchase by DS of all of the 39,812,500 shares of the Company owned by MA for $55,200; (b) the contribution by DS of all of the shares of Old Sauer, a California corporation (SEI) to the Company; (c) the assignment of certain patent rights related to wind turbine technology held by DS to the Company; and (d) the election of DS to the Companys board of directors. In connection with the Closing, Mr. Sauer was elected President and CEO of the Company and two former shareholders of the Company agreed to (i) indemnify the Company against any claims resulting from breaches of representations and warranties by the Company in the Agreement; (ii) to acquire and cause to be returned for cancellation an aggregate of 67,437,500 shares of the Companys common Stock, including all of the shares owned by former officer and director Daniel Brooks and; (3) assume all of the Companys obligations in connection with certain oil and gas leases in Canada.
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The agreement was executed on July 25, 2010. Sauer Energy, Inc. became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. On August 29, Malcolm Albery resigned as President and was replaced by Dieter Sauer. In the following month, the Company changed its name from BCO Hydrocarbon Ltd. to Sauer Energy, Inc.
Note 1 - Organization and summary of significant accounting policies (continued):
The Companys fiscal year-end is August 31.
Basis of consolidation Not applicable.
Basic of presentation Our accounting and reporting policies conform to U.S. generally accepted accounting principles applicable to development stage enterprises.
Use of estimates - The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Cash and cash equivalents - For purposes of the statement of cash flows, we consider all cash in banks, money market funds, and certificates of deposit with a maturity of less than three months to be cash equivalents.
Fixed assets - Property, plant and equipment is valued at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. If the costs of certain components of an item of property, plant and equipment are significant in relation to the total cost of the item, they are accounted for and depreciated separately Depreciation expense is recognized using the straight-line method for the vehicle and the double declining method for all remaining assets and is amortized over the estimated useful life of the related asset. The following useful lives are assumed:
Vehicle & Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 years
Furniture & Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Years
Fair Value of Financial Instruments - The Financial Accounting Standards Board issued ASC (Accounting Standards Codification) 820-10 (SFAS No. 157), Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures" for financial assets and liabilities. ASC 820-10 provides a framework for measuring fair value and requires expanded disclosures regarding fair value measurements. FASB ASC 820- 10 defines fair value as the price that would be received for an asset or the exit price that would be paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. FASB ASC 820-10 also establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs, where available. The following summarizes the three levels of inputs required by the standard that the Company uses to measure fair value:
- Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
- Level 2: Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the related assets or liabilities.
- Level 3: Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
The carrying amounts of the Companys financial instruments as of May 31, 2013 reflect:
- Cash: Level One measurement based on bank reporting.
- Loan receivable and loans from Officers and related parties: Level 2 based on promissory notes.
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Federal income taxes -The Company utilizes FASB ACS 740, Income Taxes, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences in future years of differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their financial reporting amounts at each period end based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. When, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some part or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.
Interest and penalties on tax deficiencies recognized in accordance with ASC accounting standards are classified as income taxes in accordance with ASC Topic 740-10-50-19.
Research and development costs - The Company expenses costs of research and development cost as incurred. Research and development costs for the nine months ended May 31, 2013 and May 31, 2012 was $56,643 and $391,072 respectively.
Advertising. Advertising and marketing expenses for the nine months ended May 31 2013 and May 31, 2012 was $4,951 and $8,134 respectively.
Basic and Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share - Net loss per share is calculated in accordance with FASB ASC 260, Earnings Per Share, for the period presented. Basic net loss per share is based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net loss per share is based on the assumption that all dilutive convertible shares and stock options were converted or exercised. Dilution is computed by applying the treasury stock method. Under this method, options and warrants are assumed exercised at the beginning of the period (or at the time of issuance, if later), and as if funds obtained thereby were used to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period. The Company has potentially dilutive securities outstanding consisting of warrants to purchase common stock, (see Note 10). However their exercise would be anti-dilutive, since the Company is in a loss position, and they are not counted in the calculation of loss per share.
Development Stage Company - The Company is considered a development stage company, with no operating revenues during the periods presented, as defined by FASB Accounting Standards Codification ASC 915. ACS 915 requires companies to report their operations, shareholders deficit and cash flows since inception through the date that revenues are generated from managements intended operations, among other things. Management has defined inception as August 7, 2008. Since inception, the Company has incurred an operating loss of $4,257,967. The Companys working capital has been generated through advances from the principal of the Company and solicitation of subscriptions. Management has provided financial data since August 7, 2008 in the financial statements, as a means to provide readers of the Companys financial information to be able to make informed investment decisions.
Fair ValueIn May 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2011-04, "Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs." The amendments in this update generally represent clarifications of Topic 820, but also include some instances where a particular principle or requirement for measuring fair value or disclosing information about fair value measurements has changed. This update results in common principles and requirements for measuring fair value and for disclosing information about fair value measurements in accordance with U.S. GAAP and IFRS. The amendments in this update are to be applied prospectively. The amendments are effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. Early application is not permitted. The Company does not expect this guidance to have a significant impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Comprehensive Income In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, "Presentation of Comprehensive Income." This update was amended in December 2011 by ASU No. 2011-12, "Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05." This update defers only those changes in update 2011-05 that relate to the presentation of reclassification adjustments. All other requirements in update 2011-05 are not affected by this update, including the requirement to report comprehensive income either in a single continuous financial statement or in two separate but consecutive financial statements. ASU No. 2011-05 and 2011-12 are effective for fiscal years
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(including interim periods) beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company does not expect this guidance to have a significant impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Offsetting Assets and LiabilitiesIn December 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-11, "Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities." The amendments in this update require enhanced disclosures around financial instruments and derivative instruments that are either (1) offset in accordance with either ASC 210-20-45 or ASC 815-10-45 or (2) subject to an enforceable master netting arrangement or similar agreement, irrespective of whether they are offset in accordance with either ASC 210-20-45 or ASC 815-10-45. An entity should provide the disclosures required by those amendments retrospectively for all comparative periods presented. The amendments are effective during interim and annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2013. The Company does not expect this guidance to have any impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
A variety of proposed or otherwise potential accounting standards are currently under study by standard setting organizations and various regulatory agencies. Due to the tentative and preliminary nature of those proposed standards, the Companys management has not determined whether implementation of such standards would be material to its financial statements.
Note 3 Going Concern
The Company's financial statements are prepared using the generally accepted accounting principles applicable to a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. However, the Company has accumulated a deficit of $4,257,967 as of May 31, 2013.
In view of the matters described above, recoverability of a major portion of the recorded asset amounts shown in the accompanying balance sheets is dependent upon continued operations of the Company, which in turn is dependent upon the Companys ability to raise additional capital, obtain financing and to succeed in its future operations. The financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern. Management plans to raise additional capital through the sale of stock to pursue business development activities.
Note 4 Property and Equipment
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Note 5 Restricted Covenant
In January 2013 the Company entered into an amendment to the Asset Purchase Agreement of May 11, 2012 with the Seller of the assets. The Agreement contained the Companys guarantee to indemnify the Seller against a certain drop in stock price of stock received in payment for the assets. The Protection Period in the agreement lasts until the Company receives cash consideration of five million dollars (the Protection Amount) from the issuance of common stock. Such a contingency could not be quantified by the Company and none was recorded at the fiscal year ended August 31, 2012. The Protection Period was amended with a new beginning time: nine months from August 2, 2012 or the date that an S1 stock registration statement is recorded, (the earlier). It was further agreed that Seller would forbear enforcement of the guarantee prior to the beginning of the Protection Period for the payment of 2,000,000 common shares of the Company. The stock was issued on January 7, 2013. The cost of the issue was recorded as a Restricted Covenant.
Note 6 Related Party Transactions:
A shareholder of the Company advanced $10,000 to the Company in the year ended August 31, 2011. The balance of the Stockholders loan was $10,000 at May 31, 2013. The loan carries no interest, is unsecured, has no maturity date and is payable upon demand.
Note 7 Commitments and Contingencies:
The contingency related to the indemnification of the seller of assets in the agreement of May 11, 2012 against the loss in value of contract stock from a dilutive issuance was postponed by the amended agreement, per Note 5.
In September 2012, the Company leased office and laboratory space in Camarillo, California for three years for monthly rental payments of $7,000 per month.
Lease Commitments for the following three fiscal years from March 1, 2013 through the end of the lease:
For the period through
Fiscal year ended
Note 8 - Federal income tax:
No provision was made for federal income tax, since the Company had a significant net operating loss. Net operating loss carryforwards may be used to reduce taxable income through the year 2033. The availability of the Companys net operating loss carryforwards are subject to limitation if there is a 50% or more positive change in the ownership of the Companys stock, unless the same or similar business is carried on. The net operating loss carryforward for federal and state income tax purposes was approximately $905,026 for the nine months ended May 31, 2013. The Company has net operating losses carried forward of approximately $4,257,967 for tax purposes which will expire in 2028 through 2033 if not utilized.
No provision was made for federal income tax, since the Company had an operating loss and has accumulated net operating loss carryforwards. .
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Note 9 Capital Stock
During the period September 1 to October 17, 2011, the Company entered into a series of private placement agreements with various investors involving issuing units of securities at $0.30 per unit. Each unit consisted of one (1) share of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share and one (1) common stock purchase warrant with an exercise price of $0.60 each, expiring July 31, 2013. The private placement was oversubscribed and the Company accepted additional private placement funds. On October 17, 2011 the Company issued 1,275,337 units of the securities in consideration of funds received of $382,601.
On October 17, 2011, the Company issued a total of 522,900 shares of restricted common stock to certain consultants as compensation for services. The fair value of the stock was $0.51. Based on the fair value of the common stock on the day of issuance, $20,462 was charged to consulting expense for the three months ended November 30, 2011, which was pro-rated for the six month period of the restriction.
On October 17, 2011, the Company issued 200,000 shares of common stock to a consulting firm for services to be provided. The fair value of the common stock on the day it was issued was $0.51 per share. Based on the fair value of the stock on the day of issuance, $8,046 less $200 contributed was charged to consulting, which was pro-rated for the six month period of the restriction.
On October 17, 2011, the Company issued 200,000 shares of common stock to a consulting firm for services to be provided. The fair value of the common stock on the day it was issued was $0.51 per share. Based on the fair value of the stock on the day of issuance, $20,988 was charged to consulting, which was pro-rated for the six month period of the restriction.
On November 10, 2011, the Company issued 3,350 units of securities at $0.30 per unit for $1,002 cash. Each unit consisted of one (1) share of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share and one (1) common stock purchase warrant with an exercise price of $0.60 each, expiring July 31, 2013.
On December 1, 2011, the Company issued 650,000 units of securities to seven investors at $0.30 per unit for $195,000 cash. Each unit consisted of one (1) share of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share and one (1) common stock purchase warrant with an exercise price of $0.60 each, expiring July 31, 2013.
On December 1, 2011, a correction was made to a common stock certificate, reducing shares by 3,330.
On December 1, 2011, the Company issued 24,000 units of securities to an investor at $0.25 per unit for $6,000 cash. Each unit consisted of one (1) share of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share and one (1) common stock purchase warrant with an exercise price of $0.60 each, expiring July 31, 2013.
On January 24, 2012, the Company issued 125,000 shares of common stock at the closing price of $0.60 per share for legal fees of $75,000.
On January 26, 2012, the Company issued 25,000 shares of common stock at the closing price of $0.60 per share for legal fees of $15,000.
On April 30, 2012, the Company issued 363,000 shares of common stock at the closing price of $0.34 per share for services by six providers.
On May 11, 2012 the Company issued 6,000,000 shares of common stock pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement for certain wind turbine assets including intangible assets the price of which was $1,500,000, representing a stock price of $0.25 per share.
On July 31, 2012, the Company issued 808,000 units of securities at $0.25 per unit for $202,000 cash. Each unit consisted of one (1) share of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share and one (1) common stock purchase warrant with an exercise price of $0.50 each, expiring July 31, 2014.
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On July 31, 2012, the Company issued 100,000 shares of common stock at $0.12 per share for legal fees of $12,000.
On July 31, 2012 the Company issued 1,000,000 shares of common stock at $0.12 per share for contract services of $120,000.
On October 10, 2012 the Company issued 950,980 shares of common stock at $0.126 per share to St George Investments LLC for $120,000 pursuant to an investment agreement.
On November 28, 2012 the Company issued 200,000 shares of common stock at $0.25 per share for $50,000
On December 14, 2012 the Company issued 100,000 shares of common stock at $0.21 per share for consulting services of $21,000.
On December 14, 2012 the Company issued 1,479,963 shares of common stock at $0.2196 per share for commitment fees of $325,000.
On December 14, 2012 the Company issued 12,000 shares of common stock at $0.21 per share for consulting services of $2,520.
On January 7, 2013 the Company issued 2,000,000 shares of common stock at $0.215 per share for a restricted covenant.
On March 12, 2013 the Company issued 240,000 shares of common stock at $0.12 per share for consulting services of $28,800.
On April, 2013 the Company issued 250,000 shares of common stock at $0.10 per share for consulting services of $25,000.
As of May 31, 2013, the Company was authorized to issue 650,000,000 shares of par value $0.0001 common stock, of which 92,451,049 shares of common stock were issued and outstanding.
Note 10 Warrants
No warrants were issued or expired during the nine months ended May 31, 2013.
During the previous fiscal year, the Company entered into a series of private placement agreements with various investors. (Refer to Note 9 Capital Stock).
The following table is a summary of information about the warrants outstanding at February 29, 2012:
Shares Underlying Warrants Outstanding
Range of Exercise Price
Shares Underlying \Warrants Outstanding
Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life
$0.50 ~ $0.60
The following table is a summary of activity of outstanding stock warrants:
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Weighted Average Exercise Price
Balance, November 30, 2012
Balance, May 31, 2013
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Item 2 Managements Discussion and Analysis or Plan of Operation
We caution you that reliance on any forward-looking statement involves risks and uncertainties, and that although we believe the assumptions on which our forward-looking statements are based are reasonable, any of those assumptions could prove to be inaccurate, and as a result, the forward-looking statements based on those assumptions could be incorrect. In light of these and other uncertainties, you should not conclude that we will necessarily achieve any plans and objectives or projected financial results referred to in any of the forward-looking statements. We do not undertake to release the results of any revisions of these forward-looking statements to reflect future events or circumstances. Some of the factors that may cause actual results, developments and business decisions to differ materially from those contemplated by such forward-looking statements include the following:
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Nine months ended May 31, 2012 v. Nine months ended May 31, 2013
Now that we are transitioning out of the development stage, research and development expenses have been replaced by commitment fees as the greatest expense over the last nine month period ($-0- for the nine months ended May 31, 2012 and $445,000 for the nine months ended May 31, 2013). Research and development expenses have decreased ($391,072 for the nine months ended May 31, 2012 and $56,643 for the nine months ended May 31, 2013). Other expenses include consulting, ($100,824 for the nine months ended May 31, 2012 and $155,090 for the nine months ended May 31, 2013); professional fees, ($162,467 for the nine months ended May 31, 2012 and $53,445 for the nine months ended May 31, 2013); and other general and administrative expenses, ($200,426 for the nine months ended May 31, 2012 and $194,848 for the nine months ended May 31, 2013). We had a net loss of $(854,789) or $(0.01) per share for the nine months ended May 31, 2012 which increased to $(905,026) or $(0.01) per share for the nine months ended May 31, 2013. As we transition from research and development to early stage manufacturing during calendar 2013, we anticipate that our research and development expenses and consulting expenses will continue to decrease while other expenses by category will continue to fluctuate, and we will begin to approach a time when we can recognize revenue from sales and material and manufacturing costs will be incurred.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Net cash flows used in operating activities for the nine months ended May 31, 2013 was $880,051. Net cash flows used in investing activities for the nine months ended May 31, 2013 was $430,000. These cash flows were offset by net proceeds of $1,313,820 provided from financing activities, principally the sale of stock. We had cash resources of $50,723 at May 31, 2013, and intend to rely on the sale of stock and warrants in private placements to increase liquidity to enable us to execute on our plan to manufacture and market vertical axis wind turbines. As reported on a Current Report on Form 8-K filed on January 4, 2013, we have entered into an Equity Credit Agreement from which we anticipate raising substantial additional cash resources, but there can be no assurance that this will occur. If we are unable to raise cash through the sale of our stock, we may be required to severely restrict our operations.
Critical Accounting Policies
Financial Reporting Release No. 60 of the SEC encourages all companies to include a discussion of critical accounting policies or methods used in the preparation of the financial statements. There are no current revenue-generating activities that give rise to significant assumptions or estimates. Our financial statements filed as part of our May 29, 2012 Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include a summary of the significant accounting policies and methods used in the preparation of our financial statements.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have never entered into any off-balance sheet financing arrangements and have not formed any special purpose entities. We have not guaranteed any debt or commitments of other entities or entered into any options on non-financial assets.
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Item 3. - Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
The information called for by this item is not required as we are a smaller reporting company.
Item 4T. - Controls and Procedures
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Regulations under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the Exchange Act) require public companies to maintain disclosure controls and procedures, which are defined as controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the issuer's management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
We conducted an evaluation, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer who is also our principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of May 31, 2013. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer has concluded that as of May 31, 2013, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective at the reasonable assurance level due to the material weaknesses described below.
In light of the material weaknesses described below, we performed additional analysis and other post-closing procedures to ensure our financial statements were prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Accordingly, we believe that the financial statements included in this report fairly present, in all material respects, our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented.
A material weakness is a control deficiency (within the meaning of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) Auditing Standard No. 2) or combination of control deficiencies that result in more than a remote likelihood that a material misstatement of the annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected. Management has identified the following two material weaknesses that have caused management to conclude that, as of May, 31, 2013, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective at the reasonable assurance level:
1. We do not have written documentation of our internal control policies and procedures. Written documentation of key internal controls over financial reporting is a requirement of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act which is applicable to us for the year ending August 31, 2012 and the quarter ended May 31, 2013. Management evaluated the impact of our failure to have written documentation of our internal controls and procedures on our assessment of our disclosure controls and procedures and has concluded that the control deficiency that resulted represented a material weakness.
2. We do not have sufficient segregation of duties within accounting functions, which is a basic internal control. Due to our size and nature, segregation of all conflicting duties may not always be possible and may not be economically feasible. However, to the extent possible, the initiation of transactions, the custody of assets and the recording of transactions should be performed by separate individuals. Management evaluated the impact of our failure to have segregation of duties on our assessment of our disclosure controls and procedures and has concluded that the control deficiency that resulted represented a material weakness.
To address these material weaknesses, management performed additional analyses and other procedures to ensure that the financial statements included herein fairly present, in all material respects, our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented.
Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) or 15d-15(f) promulgated under the Exchange Act as a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the issuers principal executive and principal financial officers and effected by the issuers board of directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external
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purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and includes those policies and procedures that:
Pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the issuer;
Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the issuer; and
Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the issuers assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Because of the inherent limitations of internal control, there is a risk that material misstatements may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis by internal control over financial reporting. However, these inherent limitations are known features of the financial reporting process. Therefore, it is possible to design into the process safeguards to reduce, though not eliminate, this risk.
As of the end of our most recent fiscal quarter, management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the criteria for effective internal control over financial reporting established in Internal ControlIntegrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission ("COSO") and SEC guidance on conducting such assessments. Based on that evaluation, they concluded that, as of May 31, 2013, such internal control over financial reporting was not effective. This was due to deficiencies that existed in the design or operation of our internal control over financial reporting that adversely affected our internal controls and that may be considered to be material weaknesses.
The matters involving internal control over financial reporting that our management considered to be material weaknesses under the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board were: (1) lack of a functioning audit committee due to a lack of a majority of independent members and a lack of a majority of outside directors on our board of directors, resulting in ineffective oversight in the establishment and monitoring of required internal controls and procedures; and (2) inadequate segregation of duties consistent with control objectives of having segregation of the initiation of transactions, the recording of transactions and the custody of assets. The aforementioned material weaknesses were identified by our Chief Executive Officer in connection with the review of our financial statements as of May 31, 2013.
Management believes that the material weaknesses set forth in items (1) and (2) above did not have an effect on our financial results. However, management believes that the lack of a functioning audit committee and the lack of a majority of outside directors on our board of directors results in ineffective oversight in the establishment and monitoring of required internal controls and procedures, which could result in a material misstatement in our financial statements in future periods.
This quarterly report does not include an attestation report of the Company's registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management's report was not subject to attestation by the Company's registered public accounting firm pursuant to temporary rules of the SEC that permit the Company to provide only the management's report in this quarterly report.
Management's Remediation Initiatives
In an effort to remediate the identified material weaknesses and other deficiencies and enhance our internal controls, we have initiated, or plan to initiate, the following series of measures:
We will increase our personnel resources and technical accounting expertise within the accounting function when funds are available to us. First, we will create a position to segregate duties consistent with control objectives of having separate individuals perform (i) the initiation of transactions, (ii) the recording of transactions and (iii) the custody of assets. Second, we will create a senior position to focus on financial reporting and standardizing and
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documenting our accounting procedures with the goal of increasing the effectiveness of the internal controls in preventing and detecting misstatements of accounting information. Third, we plan to appoint one or more outside directors to our board of directors who shall be appointed to an audit committee resulting in a fully functioning audit committee who will undertake the oversight in the establishment and monitoring of required internal controls and procedures such as reviewing and approving estimates and assumptions made by management when funds are available to us. Although there is substantial uncertainty in any such estimate, we anticipate the costs of implementing these remediation initiatives will be approximately $150,000 to $200,000 a year in increased salaries, legal and accounting expenses.
Management believes that the appointment of one or more outside directors, who shall be appointed to a fully functioning audit committee, will remedy the lack of a functioning audit committee and a lack of a majority of outside directors on our Board.
We anticipate that these initiatives will be at least partially, if not fully, implemented by the end of our fiscal year in 2013.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15 (f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended February 28, 2013 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
PART II OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1 Legal Proceedings
The Company is not currently a party to any legal proceedings.
Item 2 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3 Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5 Other Information
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Item 6 Exhibits
The following documents are filed as part of this Report.
31.1* Certification of Chief Executive and Financial Officer pursuant to Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Rule 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a).
32.1* Certification pursuant to Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Rule 13a-14(b) or 15d-14(b) and 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes- Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS** XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.LAB** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
101.DEF** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
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In accordance with the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant caused this Report on Form 10-Q to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
SAUER ENERGY, INC.
Date: July 15, 2013
By: /s/Dieter R. Sauer, Jr.
Name: Dieter R. Sauer, Jr., CEO
(Principal Executive, Accounting and Financial Officer)
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