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Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

x      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2011

 

OR

 

o         TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from          to          

 

Commission File Number: 001-33138

 

KBW, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 (State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)

 

13-4055775

 (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

787 Seventh Avenue, New York, New York 10019

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

Registrant’s telephone number: (212) 887-7777

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x  No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes x  No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer x

Accelerated filer o

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o

Smaller reporting company o

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  o  No  x

 

The number of shares of the Registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding as of July 29, 2011 was 34,977,329,which number includes 4,007,254 shares representing unvested restricted stock awards and excludes 907,558 shares underlying vested restricted stock units.

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Available Information

1

 

 

PART I-FINANCIAL INFORMATION

2

 

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

2

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition-June 30, 2011 (unaudited) and December 31, 2010

2

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations-Three and Six Months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 (unaudited)

3

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity-Six Months ended June 30, 2011 (unaudited)

4

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows-Six Months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 (unaudited)

5

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

6

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

23

 

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

36

 

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

37

 

 

PART II-OTHER INFORMATION

38

 

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

38

 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

38

 

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

39

 

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

39

 

 

Item 4. Other Information

39

 

 

Item 5. Exhibits

39

 

 

SIGNATURES

40

 

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

41

 

 

EX-31.1: CERTIFICATION

 

 

 

EX-31.2: CERTIFICATION

 

 

 

EX-32.1: CERTIFICATION

 

 

 

EX-32.2: CERTIFICATION

 

 



Table of Contents

 

Available Information

 

We are required to file current, annual and quarterly reports, proxy statements and other information required by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). You may read and copy any document we file with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room located at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, DC 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. In addition, the SEC maintains an internet website at http://www.sec.gov, from which interested persons can electronically access our SEC filings.

 

We will make available, free of charge through our internet site http://www.kbw.com, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, proxy statements, Forms 3, 4 and 5 filed by or on behalf of directors, executive officers and certain large stockholders, and any amendments to those documents filed or furnished pursuant to the Exchange Act. These filings will become available as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC.

 

We also make available, on the Investor Relations page of our website, our (i) Corporate Governance Guidelines, (ii) Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, (iii) Supplement to Code of Business Conduct and Ethics for CEO and Senior Financial Officers and (iv) the charters of the Audit, Compensation, and Corporate Governance and Nominations Committees of our Board of Directors. You will need to have Adobe Acrobat Reader software installed on your computer to view these documents, which are in the PDF format. These documents will also be available in print without charge to any person who requests them by writing or telephoning: KBW, Inc., Office of the General Counsel, 787 Seventh Avenue, New York, New York, 10019, U.S.A., telephone number (212) 887-7777.  These documents, as well as the information on our website, are not a part of this report.

 

1



Table of Contents

 

PART I-FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.  Financial Statements.

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

 

 

2011

 

December 31,

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

2010

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

114,234

 

$

162,272

 

Financial instruments owned, at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

Equities

 

208,068

 

114,612

 

Corporate and other debt

 

51,364

 

93,599

 

Mortgage and other asset-backed securities

 

24,065

 

43,232

 

U.S. Government and agency securities

 

2,383

 

369

 

Other investments

 

59,486

 

51,336

 

Total financial instruments owned, at fair value:

 

345,366

 

303,148

 

Receivables from clearing brokers

 

77,899

 

138,212

 

Accounts receivable

 

14,306

 

26,691

 

Fixed assets, at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization of $33,480 in 2011 and $30,663 in 2010

 

16,748

 

17,383

 

Other assets

 

57,290

 

51,951

 

Total assets

 

$

625,843

 

$

699,657

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Financial instruments sold, not yet purchased, at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

Equities

 

$

118,816

 

$

75,470

 

Corporate debt

 

19,632

 

5,414

 

U.S. Government and agency securities

 

14,144

 

12,957

 

Total financial instruments sold, not yet purchased, at fair value:

 

152,592

 

93,841

 

Accrued compensation and benefits

 

11,151

 

116,589

 

Income taxes payable

 

7,610

 

9,161

 

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

20,437

 

21,949

 

Total liabilities

 

191,790

 

241,540

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock

 

 

 

Common stock

 

310

 

317

 

Paid-in capital

 

162,162

 

183,975

 

Retained earnings

 

282,394

 

285,677

 

Notes receivable from stockholders

 

 

(100

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(10,813

)

(11,752

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

434,053

 

458,117

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

625,843

 

$

699,657

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

2



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

2011

 

2010

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment banking

 

$

15,204

 

$

61,173

 

$

52,852

 

$

131,135

 

Commissions

 

32,190

 

36,098

 

66,619

 

71,502

 

Principal transactions, net

 

11,952

 

3,262

 

29,292

 

22,309

 

Interest and dividend income

 

3,151

 

3,670

 

6,355

 

6,554

 

Investment advisory fees

 

301

 

497

 

585

 

791

 

Other

 

1,234

 

1,106

 

3,512

 

6,825

 

Total revenues

 

64,032

 

105,806

 

159,215

 

239,116

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compensation and benefits

 

38,895

 

65,059

 

95,529

 

146,937

 

Occupancy and equipment

 

5,629

 

5,503

 

11,288

 

11,115

 

Communications and data processing

 

9,088

 

8,159

 

17,783

 

15,815

 

Brokerage and clearance

 

4,580

 

3,780

 

9,496

 

8,866

 

Business development

 

4,637

 

3,801

 

9,261

 

7,261

 

Professional services

 

4,636

 

2,152

 

8,338

 

9,213

 

Interest

 

356

 

267

 

665

 

525

 

Other

 

3,093

 

2,225

 

5,945

 

4,214

 

Total expenses

 

70,914

 

90,946

 

158,305

 

203,946

 

(Loss) / income before income taxes

 

(6,882

)

14,860

 

910

 

35,170

 

Income tax (benefit) / expense

 

(2,634

)

6,704

 

517

 

15,393

 

Net (loss) / income

 

$

(4,248

)

$

8,156

 

$

393

 

19,777

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

(0.14

)

$

0.22

 

$

 

$

0.54

 

Diluted

 

$

(0.14

)

$

0.22

 

$

 

$

0.54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends declared per common share

 

$

0.05

 

$

 

$

0.10

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

32,579,146

 

32,481,478

 

32,849,263

 

32,361,823

 

Diluted

 

32,579,146

 

32,481,478

 

32,849,263

 

32,361,823

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

3



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity and Comprehensive Income

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receivable

 

Other

 

Total

 

 

 

Preferred

 

Common

 

Paid-in

 

Retained

 

from

 

Comprehensive

 

Stockholders’

 

 

 

Stock

 

Stock

 

Capital

 

Earnings

 

Stockholders

 

(Loss) / Income

 

Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2010

 

$

 

$

317

 

$

183,975

 

$

285,677

 

$

(100

)

$

(11,752

)

$

458,117

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

393

 

 

 

393

 

Other comprehensive income, currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

 

939

 

939

 

Total comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,332

 

Dividends on common stock

 

 

 

 

(3,676

)

 

 

(3,676

)

Amortization of stock-based compensation

 

 

 

29,475

 

 

 

 

29,475

 

Cancellation of 667,898 shares of restricted stock in satisfaction of withholding tax requirements

 

 

(7

)

(18,099

)

 

 

 

(18,106

)

Cancellation of 1,644,922 shares of common stock related to the stock repurchase program

 

 

(16

)

(36,781

)

 

 

 

(36,797

)

Issuance of 1,580,913 shares of common stock

 

 

16

 

35,093

 

 

 

 

35,109

 

Restricted stock units converted

 

 

 

(720

)

 

 

 

(720

)

Stock-based awards vested

 

 

 

(34,287

)

 

 

 

(34,287

)

Excess net tax benefit related to stock-based awards

 

 

 

3,506

 

 

 

 

3,506

 

Repayment of notes receivable from stockholders

 

 

 

 

 

100

 

 

100

 

Balance at June 30, 2011

 

$

 

$

310

 

$

162,162

 

$

282,394

 

$

 

$

(10,813

)

$

434,053

 

 

Description of preferred stock and details:

 

 

 

 

 

Number of Shares

 

 

 

Par Value

 

Authorized

 

Issued

 

Outstanding

 

June 30, 2011

 

$

0.01

 

10,000,000

 

 

 

December 31, 2010

 

$

0.01

 

10,000,000

 

 

 

 

Description of common stock and details:

 

 

 

 

 

Number of Shares

 

 

 

Par Value

 

Authorized

 

Issued*

 

Outstanding*

 

June 30, 2011

 

$

0.01

 

140,000,000

 

30,970,075

 

30,970,075

 

December 31, 2010

 

$

0.01

 

140,000,000

 

31,701,982

 

31,701,982

 

 


(*) These share amounts exclude vested restricted stock units.

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

4



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

393

 

$

19,777

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by / (used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of stock-based compensation

 

29,475

 

24,078

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

2,801

 

2,512

 

Deferred income tax expense / (benefit)

 

1,396

 

(391

)

(Increase) decrease in operating assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Financial instruments owned, at fair value

 

(41,905

)

(99,361

)

Receivables from clearing brokers

 

60,351

 

31,534

 

Accounts receivable

 

12,570

 

10,885

 

Other assets

 

(6,650

)

(4,384

)

Increase (decrease) in operating liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Financial instruments sold, not yet purchased, at fair value

 

58,711

 

23,268

 

Accrued compensation and benefits

 

(105,893

)

(41,069

)

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

(1,473

)

12,948

 

Income taxes payable

 

(1,547

)

7,987

 

Net cash provided by / (used in) operating activities

 

8,229

 

(12,216

)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of furniture, equipment and leasehold improvements

 

(2,177

)

(1,998

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(2,177

)

(1,998

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash dividends paid

 

(3,676

)

 

Issuance of shares of common stock

 

102

 

109

 

Cancellation of restricted stock in satisfaction of withholding tax requirements

 

(18,106

)

(11,861

)

Cancellation of shares of common stock related to the stock repurchase program

 

(36,797

)

 

Excess net tax benefit related to stock-based awards

 

3,506

 

1,585

 

Repayment of notes receivable from stockholders

 

100

 

509

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(54,871

)

(9,658

)

Currency adjustment:

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

781

 

(2,053

)

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

(48,038

)

(25,925

)

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period

 

162,272

 

203,180

 

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

 

$

114,234

 

$

177,255

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid during the period for:

 

 

 

 

 

Income taxes

 

$

1,959

 

$

8,427

 

Interest

 

$

712

 

$

434

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

5



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

(1)                          Organization and Basis of Presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of KBW, Inc., and its wholly owned subsidiaries (the “Company”), Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. (“Keefe”), Keefe, Bruyette & Woods Limited (“KBWL”), Keefe, Bruyette & Woods Asia Limited (“KBWAL”), KBW Asset Management, Inc. and KBW Ventures, Inc. Keefe is a regulatory member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) and is principally a broker-dealer in securities and a market-maker in certain financial services stocks and bonds in the United States. KBWL is authorized and regulated by the U.K. Financial Services Authority (“FSA”) and a member of the London Stock Exchange, Euronext, SIX Swiss Exchange and Deutsche Boerse.  KBWAL is a securities firm licensed and regulated by the Securities and Futures Commission in Hong Kong.   Keefe’s, KBWL’s and KBWAL’s customers are predominantly institutional investors including other brokers and dealers, commercial banks, asset managers and other financial institutions. Keefe has a clearing arrangement with Pershing LLC on a fully disclosed basis. KBWL has a clearing arrangement with Pershing Securities Limited on a fully disclosed basis and is responsible for clearance and settlement for both KBWL and KBWAL.

 

(2)                          Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

(a)               Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and include the accounts of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated.

 

The Company consolidates entities for which it has a controlling financial interest as defined in Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810, Consolidation.  The usual condition for a controlling financial interest is ownership of a majority voting interest.  As a result, the Company generally consolidates entities when they have ownership, directly or indirectly, of over 50 percent of the outstanding voting shares of another entity.  Since a controlling financial interest may be achieved through arrangements that do not involve voting interest, the Company also evaluates entities for consolidation under the “variable interest model” in accordance with ASC 810.  The Company consolidates variable interest entities when it has determined to hold the power that most significantly impacts the entity’s economic performance or a right to absorb a majority of the entity’s expected losses, or expected residual returns, or both.  The Company had no variable interest entities that required consolidation at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.

 

In addition, the Company evaluates its investments in limited partnerships under ASC 810.  Under ASC 810, the general partners in limited partnerships are presumed to have control unless the limited partners have either a substantial ability to dissolve the limited partnership or otherwise can remove the general partner without cause or have substantial participating rights.  There were no limited partnership interests that required consolidation at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.

 

(b)               Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the Company’s financial statements and these footnotes including securities valuations, compensation accruals and other matters. Management believes that the estimates used in preparing the Company’s consolidated financial statements are reasonable. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

(c)                Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

 Cash equivalents include investments with an original maturity of three months or less. Due to the short-term nature of these instruments, carrying value approximates their fair value.

 

6



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

(d)               Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company accounts for financial instruments that are being measured and reported on a fair value basis in accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.  ASC 820 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and requires enhanced disclosures about fair value measurements.  ASC 820 defines fair value as “the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an ordinary transaction between current market participants at the measurement date.”

 

Fair value is generally based on quoted market prices. If quoted market prices are not available, fair value is determined based on other relevant factors, including dealer price quotations, price activity for equivalent instruments and valuation pricing methods. Among the factors considered by the Company in determining the fair value of financial instruments for which there are no current quoted market prices are credit spreads, the terms and liquidity of the instrument, the financial condition, operating results and credit ratings of the issuer or underlying company, the quoted market price of publicly traded securities with similar duration and yield, assessing the underlying investments, market-based information, such as comparable company transactions, performance multiples and changes in market outlook as well as other measurements.  Financial instruments owned and financial instruments sold, not yet purchased are stated at fair value, with related changes in unrealized appreciation or depreciation reflected in principal transactions, net in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. Financial assets and financial liabilities carried at contract amounts may include receivables from clearing brokers, securities purchased under resale agreements, short-term borrowings and securities sold under repurchase agreements. See Note 3 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional discussion of ASC 820.

 

ASC 825, Financial Instruments, provides entities the option to measure certain financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in earnings each period.  ASC 825 permits the fair value option election, on an instrument-by-instrument basis, either at initial recognition of an asset or liability or upon an event that gives rise to a new basis of accounting for that instrument.  Such election must be applied to the entire instrument and not only a portion of the instrument.  The Company applied the fair value option for certain eligible instruments, including all private equity securities and limited partnership interests, as these financial instruments had been accounted for at fair value by the Company prior to the fair value option election in accordance with ASC 940, Financial Services — Broker and Dealers. Generally, the fair values of these financial instruments have been determined based on company performance and, in those instances where market values are readily ascertainable, by reference to recent significant events occurring in the marketplace or quoted market prices.  ASC 820 permits, as a practical expedient, the use of the net asset value per share, or its equivalent, of an entity to estimate its fair value. The Company’s partnership interests are recorded at fair value, determined by using net asset values or capital statements provided by the general partner, updated for capital contributions and distributions, and changes in market conditions up to the reporting date.

 

(e)                Receivables From and Payable To Clearing Brokers

 

Receivables from and payable to clearing brokers include the net proceeds from securities sold, including financial instruments sold not yet purchased, commissions related to securities transactions, margin loans and related interest and deposits with clearing brokers. Proceeds related to financial instruments sold, not yet purchased may be restricted until the securities are purchased.  Balances are presented net when the right of set-off exists.

 

(f)                  Fixed Assets

 

Furniture and other equipment, computer equipment and software are carried at cost and depreciated on a straight-line basis using estimated useful lives of the related assets, generally two to five years. Leasehold improvements are amortized on a straight-line basis over the lesser of the economic useful life of the improvement or the term of the respective leases.

 

(g)               Revenue Recognition

 

Investment Banking

 

The Company earns fees for providing strategic advisory services in mergers and acquisitions (“M&A”) and other transactions which are predominantly composed of fees based on a successful completion of a transaction, and from capital markets, which is comprised of underwriting securities’ offerings and arranging private placements, including securitized debt offerings.

 

7



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

Strategic advisory revenues are recorded when earned, the fees are determinable and collection is reasonably assured. Non-refundable upfront fees are generally deferred and recognized as revenue ratably over the expected period in which the related services are rendered.  Upon successful completion of a transaction or termination of an engagement, the recognition of revenue would be accelerated.

 

Capital markets revenue consists of:

 

·        Underwriting revenues, which are recognized on trade date, net of related syndicate expenses, at the time the underwriting is completed. In syndicated underwritten transactions, management estimates the Company’s share of transaction-related expenses incurred by the syndicate, and the Company recognizes revenue net of such expense. On final settlement, the Company adjusts these amounts to reflect the actual transaction-related expenses and resulting underwriting fee.

 

·        Private placement revenues, which are recorded when the services related to the underlying transaction are completed under the terms of the engagement.  This is generally the closing date of the transaction.

 

Since the Company’s investment banking revenues are generally recognized at the time of completion of each transaction or when the services are performed, these revenues typically vary between periods and may be considerably affected by the timing of the closing of significant transactions.

 

Commissions

 

The Company’s sales and trading business generates revenue from equity securities’ trading commissions paid by institutional investor customers.  Commissions are recognized on a trade date basis.

 

Principal transactions

 

Financial instruments owned, at fair value and financial instruments sold, not yet purchased, at fair value are recorded on a trade-date basis with realized and unrealized gains and losses reflected in principal transactions, net in the consolidated statements of operations.

 

Interest and dividend income

 

The Company recognizes contractual interest on financial instruments owned at fair value on an accrual basis as a component of interest and dividend income.  Dividend income is recognized on the ex-dividend date.

 

Investment advisory fees

 

The Company recognizes management fees from managed funds over the period that the related service is provided based upon a percentage of account balances, capital invested, capital commitments or some combination thereof.  The Company also may be entitled to receive incentive fees based on a percentage of a fund’s return or when the return on assets under management exceeds certain performance targets. Some incentive fees are based on investment performance over a 12-month period and are subject to adjustment prior to the end of the measurement period. Accordingly, these incentive fees are recognized in the consolidated statements of operations when the measurement period ends.

 

(h)     Stock-Based Compensation

 

Stock-based compensation is measured at fair value on the date of grant and amortized to compensation expense over the requisite service period, net of estimated forfeitures. Compensation expense for awards with performance conditions is recognized over the requisite service period based on the probable outcome of the performance condition at each reporting date.  At the end of the performance period, the total compensation cost recognized will be the grant-date fair value of all units that actually vest based on the outcome of the performance conditions.  Stock-based awards that do not require future service (i.e. vested awards and certain awards granted to retirement eligible employees) are expensed immediately on the date of grant.  Withholding tax obligations may be satisfied

 

8



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

by the repurchase of shares by the Company.  Such shares are cancelled upon repurchase.

 

(i)      Income Taxes

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax effect of differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases.  Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates.  The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in earnings in the period that includes the enactment date.  In the event it is more likely than not that a deferred tax asset will not be realized, a valuation allowance is recorded.

 

The Company applies ASC 740, Income Taxes, which prescribes a single, comprehensive model for how a company should recognize, measure, present and disclose in its financial statements uncertain tax positions that the company has taken or expects to take on its tax returns.  Income tax expense is based on pre-tax accounting income, including adjustments made for the recognition or derecognition related to uncertain tax positions.

 

(j)                  Earnings Per Common Share (“EPS”)

 

Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income applicable to common shareholders, which represents net income reduced by the allocation of earnings to participating securities, by the weighted average number of common shares.  Losses are not allocated to participating securities.  The weighted average number of common shares outstanding includes restricted stock units for which no future service is required as a condition to the delivery of the underlying common stock.  Diluted EPS includes the determinants of basic EPS and, in addition, gives effect to potentially dilutive common shares related to Company stock compensation plans.

 

ASC 260, Earnings Per Share, addresses whether instruments granted in share-based payment transactions are participating securities prior to vesting and therefore need to be included in the earnings allocation in calculating EPS under the two-class method. Accordingly, the Company treats unvested share-based payment awards that have non-forfeitable rights to dividend or dividend equivalents as a separate class of securities in calculating EPS.

 

The Company has granted performance equity awards (“Performance Awards”) that vest and convert to shares of common stock only if the Company achieves predetermined performance goals.  Since the issuance of the shares is contingent upon the satisfaction of certain conditions, the Performance Awards are included in diluted EPS based on the number of shares (if any) that would be issuable if the end of the reporting period were the end of the contingency period.

 

(k)               Foreign Currency Translation

 

The Company translates the statements of financial condition of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries at the exchange rates in effect as of the end of each reporting period.  The consolidated statements of operations are translated at the average rates of exchange during the period. The resulting translation adjustments of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries are recorded directly to accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the consolidated statements of changes in stockholders’ equity and comprehensive income.  Gains or losses resulting from foreign currency transactions are included in net income.

 

(l)                  Reclassifications

 

Certain amounts from prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.

 

(3)                          Financial Instruments

 

The Company accounts for financial instruments that are being measured and reported on a fair value basis in accordance with ASC 820.  This includes those items currently reported in financial instruments owned, at fair value and financial instruments sold, not yet purchased, at fair value on the consolidated statements of financial condition.

 

As defined in ASC 820, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In determining fair value, the Company uses various methods, primarily market and income approaches. Based on these approaches, the Company utilizes assumptions that market

 

9



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk and/or the risks inherent in the inputs to the valuation technique. These inputs can be readily observable, market corroborated, or generally unobservable firm inputs. The Company utilizes valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. Based on the observability of the inputs used in the valuation techniques, the Company is required to provide the information set forth below according to the fair value hierarchy. The fair value hierarchy ranks the quality and reliability of the information used to determine fair values.   Financial instrument assets and liabilities carried at fair value have been classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:

 

Level 1

 

Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2

 

Observable market based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data.

Level 3

 

Unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data.

 

Level 1 primarily consists of listed financial instruments whose value is based on quoted market prices, such as listed equities, equity options and warrants, and preferred stock.  This category also may include U.S. Government and agency securities for which the Company typically receives independent external valuation information.  There were no transfers in or out of Level 1 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011.

 

Level 2 includes those financial instruments that are valued using multiple valuation techniques, primarily the market and income approaches.   The valuation methodologies utilized are calibrated to observable market inputs.  The Company considers recently executed transactions, market price quotations and various assumptions, including credit spreads, the terms and liquidity of the instrument, the financial condition, operating results and credit ratings of the issuer or underlying company, the quoted market price of publicly traded securities with similar duration and yield, time value, yield curve, as well as other measurements. In order to be classified as Level 2, substantially all of these assumptions would need to be observable in the marketplace or can be derived from observable data or supported by observable levels at which transactions are executed in the marketplace. Financial instruments in this category include certain corporate debt, collateralized debt obligations (“CDOs”) primarily collateralized by company trust preferred and capital securities, certain convertible preferred stock, convertible debt, residential and commercial mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities.  There were no transfers in or out of Level 2 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011.

 

Fair value of corporate debt, certain convertible preferred stock, convertible debt, residential and commercial mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities classified as Level 2 was determined by using quoted market prices, broker or dealer quotes, or alternate pricing sources with reasonable levels of price transparency.  Fair value of CDOs primarily collateralized by banking and insurance company trust preferred and capital securities was determined primarily by considering recently executed transactions of similar securities and certain assumptions, including the financial condition, operating results and credit ratings of the issuer or underlying companies.

 

Level 3 is comprised of financial instruments whose fair value is estimated based on multiple valuation techniques, primarily market and income approaches. The valuation methodologies utilized may include significant inputs that are unobservable from objective sources. The Company considers various market inputs and assumptions, such as recently executed transactions, market price quotations, discount margins, market spreads applied, the terms and liquidity of the instrument, the financial condition, operating results and credit ratings of the issuer or underlying company, the quoted market price of publicly traded securities with similar duration and yield, time value, yield curve, default rates, as well as other measurements.  Included in this category are certain corporate and other debt, including banking and insurance company trust preferred, private equity securities and other investments including limited and general partnership interests.

 

Fair value of banking and insurance company trust preferred and capital securities classified as Level 3 was determined by primarily utilizing a market spread method for each of the individual trust preferred and capital securities utilizing credit spreads for secondary market trades for trust preferred and capital securities for issues which were substantially similar to such positions based on certain assumptions. The key market inputs in this method are the discount margins, market spreads applied, the yield expectations for similar instruments and the financial condition, operating results and credit ratings of the issuer or underlying company.

 

Fair value of private equity securities classified as Level 3 was determined by assessing market-based information, such as performance multiples, comparable company transactions and changes in market outlook. Fair value of limited and general partnership interests classified as Level 3 was determined by using net asset values or capital statements provided by the general partner, updated

 

10



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

for capital contributions and distributions and changes in market conditions up to the reporting date.  Private equity securities and limited and general partnership interests generally trade infrequently.

 

The following table provides information related to financial instruments where a practical expedient was used as the basis to measure the fair value of certain entities that calculate a net asset value per share (or equivalent):

 

 

 

As of June 30, 2011

 

As of December 31, 2010

 

 

 

 

 

Type of Investment

 

Fair Value

 

Unfunded
Commitments

 

Fair Value

 

Unfunded
Commitments

 

Redemption
Frequency

 

Notice
Period

 

Long/short hedge funds (a)

 

$

21,567

 

$

 

$

14,197

 

$

 

Monthly

 

30Days

 

Public/private equity funds (b)

 

37,919

 

14,291

 

37,139

 

15,975

 

n/a

 

n/a

 

 

 

$

59,486

 

$

14,291

 

$

51,336

 

$

15,975

 

 

 

 

 

 


(a)          This category includes investments in hedge funds that invest primarily in domestic long/short positions in equity securities and various derivatives, including options on securities and stock index options with respect to companies in the financial services sector. Management of these funds also has the ability to invest in foreign equities and fixed income securities. The fair values of investments in this category have been estimated using the net asset value per share, or equivalent, of the investments.  Investments in this category can be redeemed monthly; however, the general partner may impose a “gate” for any withdrawal over 20% of the total fund net asset value.

 

(b)         This category includes several funds that invest primarily in domestic public and private companies operating in the financial services sector. Management of these funds also have the ability to invest in foreign public and private equities, debt financial instruments, warrants, hybrid securities and membership interests in the financial services sector. The fair values of investments in this category have been estimated using asset values based on capital statements provided by the general partner, updated, as necessary, for capital contributions and distributions and changes in market conditions up to the reporting date. These investments generally cannot be redeemed, unless approved by the general partners.  Upon liquidation of the underlying investments prior to the life expectancy / maturity of the funds, management of the funds can elect to make distributions to the limited partners. The time horizon for such distributions is at the discretion of the general partners but should not exceed the time horizon of the fund’s life expectancy. It is estimated that these investments would be liquidated approximately ten years following the initial investment date, some with options to extend for up to a two year period, ranging from 2010 — 2020.  Additional expenses, such as legal and administrative associated with the final liquidation can be incurred. Therefore, it is possible that upon final liquidation of the investments, the final funds distributed could be different from the estimated value of the investment.  However, these differences are not expected to be material.

 

In determining the appropriate levels, the Company performed a detailed analysis of the assets and liabilities that are subject to ASC 820. At each reporting period, all assets and liabilities for which the fair value measurement is based on significant unobservable inputs are classified as Level 3.

 

11



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

Assets at Fair Value as of June 30, 2011

 

 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Total

 

Financial instruments owned, at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equities

 

$

186,653

 

$

18

 

$

17,953

 

$

204,624

 

Corporate and other debt:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt

 

587

 

39,443

 

 

40,030

 

CDOs

 

 

5,388

 

 

5,388

 

Other debt obligations(1) 

 

 

 

5,946

 

5,946

 

Total corporate and other debt

 

587

 

44,831

 

5,946

 

51,364

 

Mortgage and other asset-backed securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agency residential mortgage-backed securities

 

 

16,766

 

 

16,766

 

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

 

 

7,023

 

 

7,023

 

Asset-backed securities

 

 

276

 

 

276

 

Total mortgage and other asset-backed securities

 

 

24,065

 

 

24,065

 

U.S. Government and agency securities

 

2,383

 

 

 

2,383

 

Other investments(2) 

 

 

 

59,486

 

59,486

 

Total non-derivative trading assets

 

189,623

 

68,914

 

83,385

 

341,922

 

Equity options/warrants

 

3,444

 

 

 

3,444

 

Total financial instruments owned

 

$

193,067

 

$

68,914

 

$

83,385

 

$

345,366

 

 


(1) Consists of bank and insurance company trust preferred and capital securities.

(2) Consists of limited and general partnership interests.

 

Liabilities at Fair Value as of June 30, 2011

 

 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Total

 

Financial instruments sold, not yet purchased, at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equities

 

$

118,503

 

$

 

$

 

$

118,503

 

Corporate debt

 

 

19,632

 

 

19,632

 

U.S. Government and agency securities

 

14,144

 

 

 

14,144

 

Total non-derivative trading liabilities

 

132,647

 

19,632

 

 

152,279

 

Equity options/warrants

 

313

 

 

 

313

 

Total financial instruments sold, not yet purchased

 

$

132,960

 

$

19,632

 

$

 

$

152,592

 

 

12



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

Assets at Fair Value as of December 31, 2010

 

 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Total

 

Financial instruments owned, at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equities

 

$

95,821

 

$

18

 

$

16,654

 

$

112,493

 

Corporate and other debt:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt

 

2,236

 

74,246

 

 

76,482

 

CDOs

 

 

5,310

 

1

 

5,311

 

Other debt obligations(1) 

 

 

 

11,806

 

11,806

 

Total corporate and other debt

 

2,236

 

79,556

 

11,807

 

93,599

 

Mortgage and other asset-backed securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agency residential mortgage-backed securities

 

 

40,160

 

 

40,160

 

Non-agency residential mortgage-backed securities

 

 

3,072

 

 

3,072

 

Total mortgage and other asset-backed securities

 

 

43,232

 

 

43,232

 

U.S. Government and agency securities

 

369

 

 

 

369

 

Other investments(2) 

 

 

 

51,336

 

51,336

 

Total non-derivative trading assets

 

98,426

 

122,806

 

79,797

 

301,029

 

Equity options/warrants

 

2,119

 

 

 

2,119

 

Total financial instruments owned

 

$

100,545

 

$

122,806

 

$

79,797

 

$

303,148

 

 


(1) Consists of bank and insurance company trust preferred and capital securities.

(2) Consists of limited and general partnership interests.

 

Liabilities at Fair Value as of December 31, 2010

 

 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Total

 

Financial instruments sold, not yet purchased, at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equities  

 

$

74,584

 

$

 

$

 

$

74,584

 

Corporate debt

 

 

5,414

 

 

5,414

 

U.S. Government and agency securities

 

12,957

 

 

 

12,957

 

Total non-derivative trading liabilities

 

87,541

 

5,414

 

 

92,955

 

Equity options/warrants

 

886

 

 

 

886

 

Total financial instruments sold, not yet purchased  

 

$

88,427

 

$

5,414

 

$

 

$

93,841

 

 

The non-derivative trading assets/liabilities categories were reported in financial instruments owned, at fair value and financial instruments sold, not yet purchased, at fair value on the Company’s consolidated statements of financial condition.

 

The derivative financial instruments were reported on a gross basis by level. The Company’s derivative activities included in financial instruments owned and financial instruments sold, not yet purchased consist of writing and purchasing listed equity options and warrants.

 

13



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for the non-derivative trading assets measured at fair value using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010:

 

Level 3 Financial Assets

 

Three Months Ended
June 30, 2011

 

Balance as of
March 31, 2011

 

Total gains
and (losses)
(realized
and
unrealized)

 

Purchases

 

(Sales)

 

Transfers
in/(out) of
Level 3

 

Balance as of
June 30, 2011

 

Changes in
unrealized gains
and (losses)
included in
earnings related
to assets still
held at reporting
date

 

Equities

 

$

16,826

 

$

1,069

 

$

58

 

$

 

$

 

$

17,953

 

$

1,069

 

Corporate and other debt:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CDOs

 

1

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

Other debt obligations

 

10,203

 

1,002

 

 

(5,259

)

 

5,946

 

(172

)

Total corporate and other debt

 

10,204

 

1,002

 

 

(5,260

)

 

5,946

 

(172

)

Other investments

 

58,942

 

1,202

 

395

 

(1,053

)

 

59,486

 

1,200

 

Total Level 3 financial assets

 

$

85,972

 

$

3,273

 

$

453

 

$

(6,313

)

$

 

$

83,385

 

$

2,097

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30, 2010

 

Balance as of
March 31, 2010

 

Total gains
and (losses)
(realized and
unrealized)

 

Purchases/
(sales/other
settlements), net

 

Transfers in/(out)
of Level 3

 

Balance as of
June 30, 2010

 

Changes in unrealized
gains and (losses)
included in earnings
related to assets still
held at reporting date

 

Equities

 

$

23,265

 

$

(525

)

$

(4,315

)

$

 

$

18,425

 

$

159

 

Corporate and other debt:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt

 

9,651

 

(150

)

 

 

9,501

 

(150

)

CDOs

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Other debt obligations

 

11,895

 

491

 

 

 

12,386

 

491

 

Total corporate and other debt

 

21,547

 

341

 

 

 

21,888

 

341

 

Other investments

 

45,092

 

791

 

2,059

 

 

47,942

 

778

 

Total Level 3 financial assets

 

$

89,904

 

$

607

 

$

(2,256

)

$

 

$

88,255

 

$

1,278

 

 

14



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

Six Months Ended
June 30, 2011

 

Balance as of
December 31,
2010

 

Total gains
and (losses)
(realized
and
unrealized)

 

Purchases

 

(Sales)

 

Transfers
in/(out) of
Level 3

 

Balance as of
June 30, 2011

 

Changes in
unrealized gains
and (losses)
included in
earnings related
to assets still
held at reporting
date

 

Equities

 

$

16,654

 

$

1,241

 

$

58

 

$

 

$

 

$

17,953

 

$

1,241

 

Corporate and other debt:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CDOs

 

1

 

29

 

 

(30

)

 

 

 

Other debt obligations

 

11,806

 

1,462

 

 

(7,322

)

 

5,946

 

63

 

Total corporate and other debt

 

11,807

 

1,491

 

 

(7,352

)

 

5,946

 

63

 

Other investments

 

51,336

 

2,103

 

7,804

 

(1,757

)

 

59,486

 

1,762

 

Total Level 3 financial assets

 

$

79,797

 

$

4,835

 

$

7,862

 

$

(9,109

)

$

 

$

83,385

 

$

3,066

 

 

Six Months Ended
June 30, 2010

 

Balance as of
December 31,
2009

 

Total gains
and (losses)
(realized
and
unrealized)

 

Purchases/
(sales/other
settlements),
net

 

Transfers
in/(out) of
Level 3

 

Balance as of
June 30, 2010

 

Changes in
unrealized gains
and (losses)
included in
earnings related
to assets still held
at reporting date

 

Equities

 

$

15,873

 

$

(498

)

$

3,050

 

$

 

$

18,425

 

$

186

 

Corporate and other debt:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt

 

10,000

 

(499

)

 

 

9,501

 

(499

)

CDOs

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Other debt obligations

 

12,347

 

39

 

 

 

12,386

 

39

 

Total corporate and other debt

 

22,348

 

(460

)

 

 

21,888

 

(460

)

Other investments

 

41,917

 

2,619

 

3,406

 

 

47,942

 

2,606

 

Total Level 3 financial assets

 

$

80,138

 

$

1,661

 

$

6,456

 

$

 

$

88,255

 

$

2,332

 

 

Total gains and losses represent the total gains and/or losses (realized and unrealized) recorded for the Level 3 financial assets and were reported in principal transactions, net in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. Additionally, the change in the unrealized gains and losses may be offset by realized gains and losses during the period.

 

The Company adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2010-06 related to disclosure requirements on the activity in Level 3 fair value instruments, which required separate presentation of purchases and sales of Level 3 financial assets beginning in the quarter ended March 31, 2011.  Purchases/(sales/other settlements) represent the net amount of purchases, sales and other settlements of Level 3 financial assets during the period in 2010. The amounts were recorded on the transaction dates at the transaction amounts.

 

Transfers in/(out) of Level 3 represent existing financial assets that were previously categorized at a higher/lower level.  Transfers in or out of Level 3 result from changes in the observability of inputs used in determining fair values for different types of financial assets.  Transfers were reported at their fair value as of the actual date in which such changes in the fair value inputs occurs.

 

15



Table of Contents

 

KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

The amount of unrealized gains and losses included in earnings attributable to the change in unrealized gains and losses relating to Level 3 assets still held at the end of the period were reported in principal transactions, net in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.  The change in unrealized gains and losses may be offset by realized gains and losses during the period.

 

(4)                          Short-Term Borrowings

 

From time to time, the Company obtains secured short-term borrowings primarily through bank loans.  There were no short-term borrowing obligations outstanding during the six month period ended June 30, 2011.

 

(5)                          Commitments and Contingencies

 

(a)               Leases

 

As of June 30, 2011, there were no significant changes in the Company’s lease agreements since December 31, 2010.

 

(b)               Litigation

 

In the ordinary course of business, the Company may be a defendant or codefendant in legal proceedings.  At June 30, 2011, the Company believes, based on currently available information, that the results of such proceedings, in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition. The results of such proceedings could be material to the Company’s operating results for any particular period, depending, in part, upon additional developments affecting such matters and the operating results for such period. Legal reserves have been established in accordance with ASC 450, Contingencies. Once established, reserves are adjusted when there is more information available or when an event occurs requiring a change.

 

Sentinel Management Group Litigation

 

On January 12, 2009, Frederick J. Grede, as Liquidation Trustee and Representative of the Estate of Sentinel Management Group, Inc. (“Sentinel”), filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois against Keefe and against Delores E. Rodriguez; Barry C. Mohr, Jr.; and Jacques De Saint Phalle (all former employees of Keefe) and Cohen & Company Securities, LLC.  Ms. Rodriguez and Mr. Mohr were employed by Cohen & Company subsequent to being employed by Keefe and the complaint relates to activities by them at both Keefe and their subsequent employer.

 

The complaint alleges that Keefe recommended and sold to Sentinel Management Group structured finance products that were unsuitable for purchase.  The complaint alleges the following causes of action against Keefe, aiding and abetting breach of fiduciary duty by an officer and director of Sentinel; commercial bribery; violations of federal and state securities laws; violation of the Illinois Consumer Fraud Act; negligence; unjust enrichment; and avoidance and recovery of fraudulent transfers.  The complaint specifies that Sentinel sustained a loss associated with the sale of securities sold by Keefe of $4,920, and interrogatory responses from the Trustee in discovery now contend that Sentinel lost $5,629; however various causes of action in the complaint seek to recover amounts substantially in excess of that amount up to an amount in excess of $130,000, representing amounts paid for all securities purchased from Keefe regardless of suitability or whether there were losses on these securities.  Keefe believes the claims are without merit and will defend these claims vigorously. On April 1, 2009, Keefe filed a Motion to Dismiss the Complaint.  On July 29, 2009, the court denied most of the relief sought in Keefe’s Motion to Dismiss, though it dismissed the Illinois Consumer Fraud Act claim and granted Keefe’s motion to sever the Trustee’s case against Keefe from the case against Cohen.  On October 29, 2010, Keefe served the Trustee with a Motion for Summary Judgment on Count VIII of the complaint.  On December 20, 2010, the Court granted a joint motion by Keefe and the Trustee to stay the case for ninety days.  On March 15, 2011, the Court granted a joint motion by Keefe and the Trustee to stay the case for an additional ninety days, through June 13, 2011.  On June 15, 2011, the Court granted another joint motion by Keefe and the Trustee to stay the case for an additional ninety days, through September 13, 2011.

 

On August 26, 2009, Keefe filed a Third-Party Complaint against Eric A. Bloom, the former President and CEO of Sentinel, and Charles K. Mosley, the former Senior Vice President and head trader of Sentinel, alleging fraud and seeking contribution for any damages for which Keefe is held liable to the Trustee.  The court stayed and severed this Third-Party Complaint on October, 7, 2009.

 

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KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

On May 21, 2009 the Trustee filed an additional complaint in the same court and against the same parties (the “Second Complaint”).  The Trustee claimed to be acting in the Second Complaint in his capacity as liquidation trustee and as an assignee of claims of Sentinel’s customers.  The Second Complaint makes substantially the same allegations as the complaint described above.  Keefe believes the claims in the Second Complaint are also without merit and will defend these claims vigorously.  On July 28, 2009, in Grede v. Bank of New York Mellon et al filed in the same court, in which the Trustee alleged similar customer claims as an assignee, the court dismissed the Trustee’s claims due to lack of standing.  The Trustee has appealed the court’s dismissal of Grede v. Bank of New York Mellon and, on August 19, 2009, the court stayed the Second Complaint while the Trustee’s appeal in Grede v. Bank of New York Mellon is pending.   On March 18, 2010, the Seventh Circuit reversed the district court, holding that the Trustee had standing to pursue the assigned customer claims against Bank of New York Mellon.  Currently, the Second Complaint remains stayed.

 

(c)                Investment Commitments

 

As of June 30, 2011, the Company had approximately $14,291, including $8,680 to affiliated funds, in outstanding commitments for additional funding to limited partnership investments.

 

(d)               Underwriting Commitment

 

In connection with investment banking activities, the Company may from time to time enter into underwriting commitments.  As of June 30, 2011, the Company had an open underwriting commitment of approximately $136,900, which was subsequently settled in July 2011.

 

(6)                          Financial Instruments with Off-Balance-Sheet Risk

 

In the normal course of its principal trading activities, the Company enters into transactions in financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk. These financial instruments, such as options, warrants, futures and mortgage-backed to-be-announced (“TBA”) securities, contain off-balance-sheet risk inasmuch as ultimate settlement of these transactions may have market and/or credit risk in excess of amounts which are recognized in the consolidated financial statements. Transactions in listed options and warrants are conducted through regulated exchanges, which clear and guarantee performance of counterparties.

 

Also, in connection with its principal trading activities, the Company has sold securities that it does not currently own and will, therefore, be obligated to purchase such securities at a future date. The Company has recorded this obligation in the financial statements at market values of the related securities and will record a trading loss if the market value of the securities increases subsequent to the purchase date.

 

(a)               Broker-Dealer Activities

 

The Company clears securities transactions on behalf of customers through its clearing brokers. In connection with these activities, customers’ unsettled trades may expose the Company to off-balance-sheet credit risk in the event customers are unable to fulfill their contracted obligations. The Company seeks to control the risk associated with its customer activities by monitoring the creditworthiness of its customers.

 

(b)               Derivative Financial Instruments

 

The Company’s derivative activities consist of writing and purchasing listed equity options and/or warrants and, from time to time, futures on interest rate, currency and equity products and mortgage-backed TBA securities for trading for our own account.  Options and warrants are included in financial instruments owned, at fair value and financial instruments sold, not yet purchased, at fair value in the accompanying consolidated statements of financial condition. See also Note 3 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details. As a writer of options, the Company receives a cash premium at the beginning of the contract period and bears the risk of unfavorable changes in the fair value of the financial instruments underlying the options. Options written do not expose the Company to credit risk since they obligate the Company (not its counterparty) to perform.

 

In order to measure derivative activity, notional or contract amounts are frequently utilized. Notional contract amounts, which are not included on the consolidated statements of financial condition, are used as a basis to calculate contractual cash flows to be exchanged and generally are not actually paid or received.

 

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KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

A summary of the Company’s listed options, warrants, futures contracts and TBA securities is as follows:

 

 

 

Current

 

Average

 

End of

 

 

 

Notional

 

Fair

 

Period

 

 

 

Value

 

Value

 

Fair Value

 

June 30, 2011:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchased options/warrants

 

$

67,214

 

$

5,207

 

$

3,444

 

Written options

 

$

9,581

 

$

527

 

$

313

 

Short futures contracts

 

$

9,810

 

$

 

$

 

Long agency mortgage-backed TBA securities

 

$

810

 

$

550

 

$

891

 

Short agency mortgage-backed TBA securities

 

$

15,225

 

$

13,761

 

$

15,960

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2010:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchased options/warrants

 

$

27,055

 

$

5,336

 

$

2,119

 

Written options

 

$

8,015

 

$

1,756

 

$

886

 

Short futures contracts

 

$

5,181

 

$

 

$

 

Short agency mortgage-backed TBA securities

 

$

31,000

 

$

(19

)

$

(185

)

 

The following table summarizes the net gains from trading activities included in principal transactions, net with respect to the consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

Type of Instrument

 

2011

 

2010

 

2011

 

2010

 

Equities

 

$

1,503

 

$

(4,406

)

$

6,903

 

$

645

 

Corporate and other debt

 

6,723

 

2,013

 

12,685

 

10,844

 

Mortgage and other asset-backed securities

 

2,525

 

4,864

 

7,601

 

8,201

 

Other investments

 

1,201

 

791

 

2,103

 

2,619

 

Total

 

$

11,952

 

$

3,262

 

$

29,292

 

$

22,309

 

 

The revenue related to the equities and mortgage and other asset-backed securities categories included realized and unrealized gains and losses on both derivative instruments and non-derivative instruments. Corporate and other debt and other investments included realized and unrealized gains and losses on non-derivative instruments.

 

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KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

(7)                          Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

The Company is engaged in various securities trading and brokerage activities servicing primarily domestic and foreign institutional investors. Nearly all of the Company’s transactions are executed with and on behalf of institutional investors, including other brokers and dealers, commercial banks, mutual funds, and other financial institutions. The Company’s exposure to credit risk associated with the non-performance of these customers in fulfilling their contractual obligations pursuant to securities transactions can be directly impacted by volatile securities markets.

 

A substantial portion of the Company’s marketable securities are common stock and debt of financial institutions. The credit and/or market risk associated with these holdings can be directly impacted by factors that affect this industry such as volatile equity and credit markets and actions of regulatory authorities.

 

(8)                         Stockholders’ Equity

 

Dividends Declared on Common Stock

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2011, the Company’s board of directors declared and the Company paid dividends of $0.10 per share totaling $3,698.

 

Stock Repurchase Program

 

On July 28, 2010, the Company’s board of directors approved a stock repurchase program, authorizing the Company to repurchase in the aggregate up to $70,000 of its outstanding common stock. Purchases by the Company under this program may be made from time to time at prevailing market prices in open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions, block purchase techniques or otherwise, as determined by the Company’s management.  During the six months ended June 30, 2011, the Company repurchased and retired 1,644,922 shares of the Company’s common stock at an average price of $22.37 per share, for an aggregate purchase price of $36,797.

 

This program does not obligate the Company to acquire any particular amount of common stock.  The timing, frequency and amount of repurchase activity will depend on a variety of factors such as levels of cash generation from operations, cash requirements for investments in the Company’s business, current stock price, market conditions and other factors.  The stock repurchase program may be suspended, modified or discontinued at any time and has no set expiration date.

 

Notes Receivable from Stockholders

 

Notes receivable from stockholders represented full recourse notes issued to employees for the purchase of stock acquired pursuant to the Company’s terminated book value stock purchase plan. The loans were fully paid in the first quarter of 2011.

 

(9)                          Stock-Based and Other Incentive Compensation

 

At June 30, 2011, the Company had one effective incentive compensation arrangement under the 2009 Incentive Compensation Plan (the “Plan”).  The Plan permits the Company to issue shares of common stock pursuant to the grant or exercise of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards (“RSAs”), restricted stock units, performance unit awards and performance share awards, as well as grant cash-based awards and other awards to directors, officers, employees and consultants.

 

Restricted Stock Awards

 

As part of the 2010 year-end performance award process, the Company granted 2,147,042 RSAs under the Plan to certain employees in February 2011 (“2010 Bonus Awards”). The aggregate fair value of the RSAs granted in connection with the 2010 Bonus Awards on the grant date was $59,001.  This value was based upon the grant date share price of $27.48.  RSAs are actual shares of common stock issued to the recipient that are restricted.   The stock granted in connection with the 2010 Bonus Awards generally vests over a three year period. Vesting would accelerate on a change in control, death or permanent disability. Unvested RSAs are eligible to receive dividends but are subject to forfeiture upon termination of employment.

 

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KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

For 2010 Bonus Awards that were granted to retirement-eligible employees, the Company recognized the grant date fair value as compensation expense for such awards on the date of grant instead of over the service period specified in the award terms. For employees who will be retirement-eligible prior to vesting of the 2010 Bonus Awards, the Company recognizes compensation expense ratably from the grant date to the retirement eligibility date. The Company recorded accelerated non-cash incremental compensation expense of $10,134 in the first quarter of 2011 related to 2010 Bonus Awards granted to retirement-eligible employees.

 

Long Term Incentive Program

 

In February 2010, the Company approved awards under a Long Term Incentive Plan (“LTIP”) to three members of senior management.  The LTIP awards have established performance cycles (2010, 2010 through 2011 and 2010 through 2012) and amounts payable in cash based on the Company’s achievement of certain levels of cumulative growth in adjusted earnings per share during each performance cycle.

 

Performance Equity Awards

 

In March 2011, the Company granted Performance Awards to three members of senior management.   The Performance Awards provide for the issuance of up to 120,240 shares of Common Stock to the recipients in the aggregate, contingent upon achievement of a target level of “Return on KBW Average Equity” as defined in the Performance Awards.  The share price on the Performance Awards grant date was $24.93.  The three year performance period began on January 1, 2011 and ends on December 31, 2013. The range of possible Performance Awards vesting is between 0% and 200% of the target, so that the minimum number of shares that may be awarded to the recipients in the aggregate is zero and the maximum number is 240,480.  In addition, these Performance Awards contain “clawback” provisions that provide for repayment of all or a portion of shares issued in the event of certain accounting restatements, thereby creating at-risk performance units for these executives.  Unvested Performance Awards are subject to forfeiture upon termination of employment.  Under the Performance Award agreements, in the event of (i) termination by us without “cause,” (ii) termination by the employee for “good reason” or (iii) the employee’s death, “disability,” or “retirement,” (as each such term is defined in the Plan) during any performance cycle or period, such employee will be entitled to payment of a pro-rata portion (based on the portion of such performance cycle or period that he was actively employed by us) of his award with respect to such performance cycle or period, provided that the performance goals with respect to such performance cycle or period are achieved.  In the event of a change in control, as defined in the Plan, the target performance goals applicable to any outstanding Performance Awards shall be deemed to have been attained in full (unless actual performance exceeds the target performance goal, in which case actual performance shall be used) and all of the applicable shares will be deemed vested and subject to payment as provided in the Plan.

 

(10)                   Transactions with Affiliated Funds

 

The Company has formed nonconsolidated investment funds, KBW Financial Services Master Fund, Ltd., KBW Financial Services Fund, L.P., KBW Financial Services Fund, Ltd. and KBW Capital Partners I, L.P., with third-party investors. The Company generally acts as the investment manager for these funds and, as such, is entitled to receive management fees and, in certain cases, incentive fees. These fees amounted to $539 and $716 for the six month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. As of June 30, 2011 and 2010, the fees receivable from these funds were $65 and $164, respectively. Additionally, the Company may invest alongside the third-party investors in certain funds. The aggregate carrying value of the Company’s interests in these funds was $26,035 and $19,075 as of June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The Company elected to apply the fair value option to these investments in affiliated funds.  Net realized and unrealized gains on investments in affiliated funds were $1,643 and $1,445 for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. See Note 5 for the Company’s commitments related to affiliated funds.

 

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KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

(11)                   Earnings Per Share

 

The computations of basic and diluted earnings per share are set forth below:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

2011

 

2010

 

Net (loss) / income

 

$

(4,248

)

$

8,156

 

393

 

19,777

 

Less: Dividends and allocation of undistributed earnings to participating securities(1)

 

(197

)

897

 

(390

)

2,159

 

Net (loss) / income applicable to common shareholders

 

$

(4,445

)

$

7,259

 

3

 

17,618

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding(1)(2):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

32,579,146

 

32,481,478

 

32,849,263

 

32,361,823

 

Effect of dilutive securities - performance equity awards

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted

 

32,579,146

 

32,481,478

 

32,849,263

 

32,361,823

 

Earnings per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

(0.14

)

$

0.22

 

 

0.54

 

Diluted

 

$

(0.14

)

$

0.22

 

 

0.54

 

 


(1) Participating securities in the form of unvested share based payment awards amounted to weighted average shares of 4,149,375 and 4,015,440 for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively and 3,959,891 and 3,965,285 for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.  Dividends declared on participating securities amounted to $197 and $390, net of estimated forfeitures, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively.  No dividends were declared for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010.

 

(2) Basic and diluted common shares outstanding were equal for the periods presented under the two-class method.

 

(12)                   Income Taxes

 

The Company applies the provisions of ASC 740, which prescribes the recognition and measurement criteria related to tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.  For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities.  In addition, the following information required by ASC 740 is provided:

 

·                  The Company’s gross unrecognized tax benefits, excluding interest and penalties, has decreased by approximately $500  since December 31, 2010 as a result of state and local audit settlements.

 

·                  The Company classifies interest and penalties, if any, related to tax uncertainties as income tax expense.   This amount has decreased by approximately $700 since December 31, 2010 as a result of state and local audit settlements.

 

·                  The Company and its subsidiaries file consolidated federal and various state, local and foreign tax returns.  The federal income tax returns have been audited and/or closed through 2005 and are currently under examination for years 2006 to 2008.  Various state, local and foreign returns are subject to audits by tax authorities beginning with the 2007 tax year.  The settlement of any outstanding audits within the next 12 months, if any, is not anticipated to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial position.

 

(13)                   Industry Segment Data

 

The Company follows the provisions of ASC 280, Segment Reporting, in disclosing its business segments. Pursuant to that guidance, an entity is required to determine its business segments based on the way management organizes the segments within the enterprise for making operating decisions and assessing performance. Based upon these criteria, the Company has determined that its entire business should be considered a single segment.

 

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KBW, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share information)

 

(14)                   Net Capital Requirement

 

Keefe is a registered U.S. broker-dealer that is subject to the Uniform Net Capital Rule (SEC Rule 15c3-1 or the Net Capital Rule) administered by the SEC and FINRA, which requires the maintenance of minimum net capital. Keefe has elected to use the basic method to compute net capital as permitted by the Net Capital Rule, which requires Keefe to maintain minimum net capital, as defined, of $2,317 as of June 30, 2011. These rules also require Keefe to notify and sometimes obtain approval from FINRA for significant withdrawals of capital.

 

 

 

June 30, 2011

 

Net Capital

 

$

101,788

 

Net Capital in Excess of Requirement

 

$

99,471

 

 

KBWL is an investment firm authorized and regulated by the FSA in the United Kingdom and is subject to the capital requirements of the FSA. As of June 30, 2011, KBWL was in compliance with its local capital requirements.  At June 30, 2011, KBWL’s capital resources of approximately $34,440 exceeded the capital resources requirement by approximately $22,864.

 

(15)                   Recent Accounting Developments

 

In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income (Topic 220). ASU 2011-05 eliminates the option to present the components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders’ equity. An entity can elect to present items of net income and other comprehensive income in one continuous statement or in two separate, but consecutive, statements.  ASU 2011-05 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company expects to adopt ASU 2011-05 on January 1, 2012. The Company is currently evaluating the presentation alternatives permitted under this new guidance. ASU 2011-05 will not have a monetary impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-04, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs.   ASU 2011-04 clarifies how a principal market is determined, addresses the fair value measurement of instruments with offsetting market or counterparty credit risks and the concept of valuation premise and highest and best use, extends the prohibition on blockage factors to all three levels of the fair value hierarchy and requires additional disclosures. ASU 2011-04 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company expects to adopt ASU 2011-04 on January 1, 2012. The Company is currently evaluating the requirements of this new guidance and the potential impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

(16)                   Subsequent Events

 

Declaration of Quarterly Dividend

 

On July 28, 2011, the Company’s board of directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.05 per share on its outstanding common stock.  The dividend is payable on September 15, 2011 to shareholders of record on September 2, 2011.

 

Stock Repurchase Program

 

From July 1, 2011 through August 4, 2011, the Company repurchased and retired 130,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an average price of $15.15 for an aggregate purchase price of $1,969.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this report.

 

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

We have made statements in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and in other sections of this report that are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as “may,” “might,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential” or “continue,” the negative of these terms and other comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements, which are based on various underlying assumptions and expectations and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other unknown factors, may include projections of our future financial performance based on our growth strategies and anticipated trends in our business. These statements are only predictions based on our current expectations and projections about future events. There are or may be important factors that could cause our actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from the historical or future results, level of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. These factors include, but are not limited to, those discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.

 

Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, level of activity, performance or achievements. Moreover, neither we nor any other person assumes responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of any of these forward-looking statements. You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. We are under no duty to update any of these forward-looking statements after the date of filing of this report to conform such statements to actual results or revised expectations.

 

Overview

 

We are a leading full service investment bank specializing in the financial services industry. Our principal activities are:  (i) investment banking, including mergers and acquisitions (“M&A”) and other strategic advisory services, equity and fixed income securities offerings, and mutual thrift conversions, (ii) equity and fixed income sales and trading, (iii) research that provides fundamental, objective analysis that identifies investment opportunities and helps our investor customers make better investment decisions, and (iv) asset management, including investment management and other advisory services to institutional clients and private high net worth clients and various investment vehicles.

 

Within our full service business model, our focus includes bank and thrift holding companies, banking companies, thrift institutions, insurance companies, broker-dealers, mortgage banks, asset management companies, mortgage and equity real estate investment trusts, and other real estate components, consumer and specialty finance firms, financial processing companies and securities exchanges.  We emphasize serving investment banking clients in the small and mid cap segments of the financial services industry although our clients also include many large-cap companies.  Our sales customers are primarily institutional investors.

 

Most revenues with respect to our services provided are primarily determined as a result of active competition in the marketplace. Our revenues are primarily generated through advisory, underwriting and private placement fees earned through our investment banking activities, commissions earned on equity sales and trading activities, including fixed income, interest and dividends earned on our securities’ inventories and profit and losses from trading activities related to the securities’ inventories.

 

Our largest expense is compensation and benefits.  Our performance is dependent on our ability to attract, develop and retain highly skilled employees who are motivated to provide quality service and guidance to our clients.

 

Many external factors affect our revenues and profitability. Such factors include equity and fixed income trading prices and volumes, the volatility of these markets, the level and shape of the yield curve, political events and regulatory developments, including recent government participation in providing capital to financial institutions, and competition. These factors influence our investment banking operations in that such factors affect the number and timing of equity and fixed income securities issuances and M&A activity within the financial services industry. These same factors also affect our sales and trading business by impacting equity and fixed income trading prices and volumes and valuations in secondary financial markets. Commission rates, market volatility and other factors also affect our sales and trading revenues. These market forces may cause our revenues and earnings to fluctuate significantly from period to period and the results of any one period should not be considered indicative of future results.  See “—Business Environment.”

 

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Table of Contents

 

A significant portion of our expense base is variable, including employee compensation and benefits, brokerage and clearance, communication and data processing and business development expenses. Our remaining costs generally do not directly relate to the service revenues earned.

 

Certain data processing systems that support equity and fixed income trading, research, payroll, human resources and employee benefits are service bureau based and are operated in the vendors’ data centers. We believe that this stabilizes our fixed costs associated with data processing. We also license vendor information databases to support investment banking, sales and trading and research. Vendors may, at the end of contractual terms, terminate our rights or modify or significantly alter product and service offerings or related fees, which may affect our ongoing business activities or related costs.

 

Business Environment

 

Global economic and financial market conditions can materially affect our financial performance.   The Company’s principal sources of revenue are derived from financial services sector capital markets, M&A and advisory and sales and trading of equity and fixed income securities.  The potential impact of the sovereign debt crisis in Europe and the ongoing efforts for a solution to the U.S. government deficit, together with other continuing economic uncertainties in the global markets, including the evolving regulatory environment in the banking and other financial industries, led to reduced capital raising activity and created volatility in equity markets.  These factors negatively impacted our investment banking activity and resulted in lower trading volumes for financial services industry securities in the second quarter of 2011. In the U.S., the KBW Bank Index declined by 7.5% for the first half of 2011 while the KBW Regional Banking Index declined by 3.5%.  In Europe, the KBW European Large-Cap Banking Index declined by 4.9% and the KBW European Mid & Small-Cap Banking Index declined by 16.5% in the first half of 2011.  M&A activity among banks continued to be depressed during the quarter based in part on these factors.

 

It is difficult to predict how long these conditions will continue to negatively impact our overall revenues. We believe that we remain well capitalized and well positioned to assist our clients in raising capital and in providing needed advice in M&A and other transactions for the financial services industry in the U.S., Europe and Asia.

 

Results of Operations

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2011 Compared with Three Months Ended June 30, 2010

 

Overview

 

Total revenues were $64.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2011 compared with $105.8 million for the same period in 2010, a decrease of $41.8 million, or 39.5%.  This decrease was primarily due to a decrease in investment banking revenues of $46.0 million, partially offset by an increase in principal transactions, net revenue of $8.7 million.

 

Total expenses were $70.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2011 compared with $90.9 million for the same period in 2010, a decrease of $20.0 million, or 22.0%.  Compensation and benefits expense decreased $26.2 million, which was partially offset by an increase in non-compensation expenses of $6.1 million.

 

We recorded a net loss of $4.2 million, or $0.14 per diluted share, for the three months ended June 30, 2011 compared with net income of $8.2 million, or $0.22 per diluted share, for the three months ended June 30, 2010.  For the three months ended June 30, 2010 our non-GAAP operating net income was $9.3 million, or $0.26 per diluted share, after adjusting for the 2006 one-time restricted stock awards granted to employees in connection with our IPO, which were fully vested and amortized in 2010.  See “—2010 Three Month Non-GAAP Financial Measures” for a reconciliation of our non-GAAP measures to their corresponding GAAP amounts.

 

The following table provides a comparison of our revenues and expenses for the periods presented (dollars in thousands):

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

Period-to-Period

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

$ Change

 

% Change

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment banking

 

$

15,204

 

$

61,173

 

$

(45,969

)

(75.1

)%

Commissions

 

32,190

 

36,098

 

(3,908

)

(10.8

)

Principal transactions, net

 

11,952

 

3,262

 

8,690

 

266.4

 

Interest and dividend income

 

3,151

 

3,670

 

(519

)

(14.1

)

Investment advisory fees

 

301

 

497

 

(196

)

(39.4

)

Other

 

1,234

 

1,106

 

128

 

11.6

 

Total revenues

 

64,032

 

105,806

 

(41,774

)

(39.5

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compensation and benefits

 

38,895

 

65,059

 

(26,164

)

(40.2

)

Non-compensation expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Occupancy and equipment

 

5,629

 

5,503

 

126

 

2.3

 

Communications and data processing

 

9,088

 

8,159

 

929

 

11.4

 

Brokerage and clearance

 

4,580

 

3,780

 

800

 

21.2

 

Business development

 

4,637

 

3,801

 

836

 

22.0

 

Professional services

 

4,636

 

2,152

 

2,484

 

115.4

 

Interest

 

356

 

267

 

89

 

33.3

 

Other

 

3,093

 

2,225

 

868

 

39.0

 

Non-compensation expenses

 

32,019

 

25,887

 

6,132

 

23.7

 

Total expenses

 

70,914

 

90,946

 

(20,032

)

(22.0

)

(Loss) / income before income taxes

 

(6,882

)

14,860

 

(21,742

)

N/M

 

Income tax (benefit) / expense

 

(2,634

)

6,704

 

(9,338

)

N/M

 

Net (loss) / income

 

$

(4,248

)

$

8,156

 

$

(12,404

)

N/M

%

 

N/M—Not Meaningful

 

2010 Three Month Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

Results for the three months ended June 30, 2011 were reported only on a GAAP basis, as all IPO restricted stock awards fully vested prior to that period.  We reported our compensation and benefits expense, compensation ratio, net income and diluted earnings per share on a non-GAAP basis (“Non-GAAP Financial Measures”) for the three months ended June 30, 2010 in our June 30, 2010 Form 10-Q.  Each of the Non-GAAP Financial Measures exclude compensation expense related to the amortization of IPO restricted stock awards, which were granted in November 2006 and fully vested in November 2010. While we have granted restricted stock awards and other share-based compensation in connection with our regular compensation of employees and new hires, we do not expect to make any such substantial grants to employees as we did when we granted IPO restricted stock awards.

 

Our management utilized such non-GAAP calculations as an additional device to aid in understanding and analyzing our financial results for prior periods. Specifically, our management believes that these Non-GAAP Financial Measures provide useful information by excluding the amortization expense of the IPO awards, which may not be indicative of our core operating results and business outlook. Our management believes that these Non-GAAP Financial Measures allow for a better evaluation of the operating performance of our business and facilitate meaningful comparison of our results in the current period to those in prior periods. Such periods did not and likely will not include substantial grants of restricted stock awards to employees such as the Company-wide IPO restricted stock awards.  Our reference to these Non-GAAP Financial Measures should not be considered as a substitute for results that are presented in a manner consistent with GAAP. These Non-GAAP Financial Measures are provided to enhance investors’ overall understanding of our current financial performance.

 

A limitation of utilizing these Non-GAAP Financial Measures is that the GAAP accounting effects of these events do in fact reflect the underlying financial results of our business and these effects should not be ignored in evaluating and analyzing our financial results. Therefore, management believes that our GAAP measures of compensation and benefits expense, compensation ratio, net income and diluted earnings per share and the same respective Non-GAAP Financial Measures of our financial performance should be considered together.

 

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Table of Contents

 

The following table provides GAAP measures of compensation and benefits expense, compensation ratio, net income and diluted earnings per share for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and details with respect to reconciling the aforementioned line items on a non-GAAP basis for the three months ended June 30, 2010:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30, 2010

 

 

 

(dollars in thousands, except
per share information)

 

Compensation and benefits expense:

 

 

 

Compensation and benefits expense - GAAP basis

 

$

65,059

 

Adjustment to exclude amortization expense of the IPO awards (a)