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EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - BIO RAD LABORATORIES INCFinancial_Report.xls
EX-31 - EXHIBIT 31.2 SECTION 302 CERTIFICATION OF CFO - BIO RAD LABORATORIES INCexh312.htm
EX-31 - EXHIBIT 31.1 SECTION 302 CERTIFICATION OF CEO - BIO RAD LABORATORIES INCexh311.htm
EX-32 - EXHIBIT 32.1 SECTION 906 CERTIFICATION OF CEO - BIO RAD LABORATORIES INCexh321.htm
EX-32 - EXHIBIT 32.2 SECTION 906 CERTIFICAITON OF CFO - BIO RAD LABORATORIES INCexh322.htm





 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

 

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

x

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2011

 

or

 

¨

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

 

 

For the transition period from______________to __________

Commission file number 1-7928

BIO-RAD LABORATORIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware

 

94-1381833

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

1000 Alfred Nobel Drive, Hercules, California

 

94547

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

(510) 724-7000

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

No Change

(Former  name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of  the Securities

Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports),

and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

 

Yes     x

    No     ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every

Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232,405 of this chapter) during

the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

 

 

Yes   x     

    No     ¨

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller

reporting company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in  Rule 12b-2

of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):

 

 

Large accelerated filer

x

 

Accelerated filer

¨

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

¨

(Do not check if smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company

¨

 

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

 

 

Yes    ¨

     No     x

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuers classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Title of Class

 

Shares Outstanding at April 27, 2011

 

Class A Common Stock, Par Value $0.0001 per share

 

22,845,116

 

Class B Common Stock, Par Value $0.0001 per share

 

5,156,673

 





BIO-RAD LABORATORIES, INC.

FORM 10-Q MARCH 31, 2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Part I – Financial Information

2

Item 1. Financial Statements

2

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

2

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

3

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

4

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition

17

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

20

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

20

Part II – Other Information

22

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

22

Item 1A. Risk Factors

23

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

30

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

30

Item 5. Other Information

30

Item 6. Exhibits

31

Signatures

31




1



 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.          Financial Statements

 

BIO-RAD LABORATORIES, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2011

 

2010 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

 

 $ 485,121 

 

$ 454,234 

Cost of goods sold

 

  207,510 

 

197,107 

Gross profit

 

  277,611 

 

257,127 

Selling, general and administrative expense

 

  167,763 

 

153,617 

Research and development expense

 

  42,730 

 

40,263 

Income from operations

 

  67,118 

 

63,247 

Interest expense

 

  16,766 

 

14,444 

Foreign exchange losses (gains), net

 

  3,042 

 

(217)

Other (income) expense, net

 

  (951)

 

(799)

Income before income taxes

 

  48,261 

 

49,819 

Provision for income taxes

 

  (15,323)

 

(14,427)

Net income including noncontrolling interests 

 

  32,938 

 

35,392 

Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

  101 

 

(531)

Net income attributable to Bio-Rad

 

 $ 33,039 

 

$ 34,861 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

Net income per share basic attributable to Bio-Rad

 

 $ 1.18 

 

$ 1.27 

Weighted average common shares - basic

 

  27,904 

 

27,545 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

Net income per share diluted attributable to Bio-Rad

 

 $ 1.16 

 

$ 1.24 

Weighted average common shares - diluted

 

  28,389 

 

28,072 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.




2



BIO-RAD LABORATORIES, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except share data)

(Unaudited)

 

 

March 31,

 

December 31,

 

 

2011

 

2010

ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents  

 

$

627,908 

 

$

906,551 

Restricted cash

 

6,533 

 

6,422 

Short-term investments

 

163,528 

 

118,636 

Accounts receivable, net

 

388,554 

 

387,996 

Inventories:

 

 

 

 

  Raw materials

 

96,156 

 

82,270 

  Work in process

 

116,435 

 

110,527 

  Finished goods

 

217,384 

 

205,303 

  

Total inventories

 

429,975 

 

398,100 

 

 

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses, taxes and other current assets

 

180,812 

 

157,641 

Total current assets

 

1,797,310 

 

1,975,346 

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment, at cost

 

841,902 

 

812,133 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(504,277)

 

(478,516)

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

337,625 

 

333,617 

Goodwill, net

 

369,107 

 

363,981 

Purchased intangibles, net

 

198,658 

 

203,881 

Other assets

 

206,073 

 

185,939 

Total assets

 

$

2,908,773 

 

$

3,062,764 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

111,373

 

$

113,440 

Accrued payroll and employee benefits

 

116,733

 

131,381 

Notes payable and current maturities of long-term debt

 

10,269

 

233,181 

Income and other taxes payable

 

59,658

 

50,935 

Accrued royalties

 

19,038

 

23,944 

Other current liabilities

 

110,520

 

113,746 

Total current liabilities

 

427,591

 

666,627 

Long-term debt, net of current maturities

 

731,214

 

731,100 

Other long-term liabilities

 

136,480

 

124,518 

Total liabilities

 

1,295,285

 

1,522,245 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

Bio-Rad stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

Class A common stock, issued and outstanding - 22,839,376 at 2011

 

 

 

 

    and 22,677,300 at 2010

 

2

 

Class B common stock, issued and outstanding - 5,157,586 at 2011

 

 

 

 

            and 5,175,343 at 2010

 

1

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

167,903

 

156,986 

Retained earnings

 

1,214,726

 

1,181,687 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

229,660

 

198,020 

Total Bio-Rad stockholders’ equity

 

1,612,292

 

1,536,696 

Noncontrolling interests

 

1,196

 

3,823 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

1,613,488

 

1,540,519 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

2,908,773

 

$

3,062,764 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements. 



3



BIO-RAD LABORATORIES, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)  

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

March 31,

 

2011

 

2010

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

Cash received from customers

$

496,749 

 

$

445,669 

Cash paid to suppliers and employees

(436,430)

 

(389,505)

Interest paid

(22,189)

 

(21,086)

Income tax payments

(18,373)

 

(13,279)

Miscellaneous receipts, net

1,264 

 

693 

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation

(1,239)

 

(223)

Net cash provided by operating activities

19,782 

 

22,269 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

(17,809)

 

(16,409)

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment

23 

 

284 

Payments for acquisitions, net of cash received, and long-term investments

(3,571)

 

(66,496)

Payments on purchases of intangible assets

(103)

 

(1,681)

Purchases of marketable securities and investments

(89,746)

 

(49,261)

Sales and maturities of marketable securities and investments

41,532 

 

51,943 

(Payments for) proceeds from foreign currency economic hedges, net

(7,619)

 

4,606 

Net cash used in investing activities

(77,293)

 

(77,014)

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

Net borrowings (payments) on line-of-credit arrangements and notes payable

2,385 

 

(291)

Payments on long-term borrowings

(225,763)

 

(1,595)

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

7,638 

 

2,696 

Debt issuance costs on long-term borrowings

(242)

 

-- 

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation

1,239 

 

223 

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

(214,743)

 

1,033 

 

 

 

 

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash

(6,389)

 

1,908 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

(278,643)

 

(51,804)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

906,551 

 

649,938 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

627,908 

 

$

598,134 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation of net income including noncontrolling interests to net cash

 

 

 

    provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

Net income including noncontrolling interests

$

32,938 

 

$

35,392 

Adjustments to reconcile net income including noncontrolling interests to net

 

 

 

       cash provided by operating activities excluding the effects of acquisitions:

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

28,115 

 

27,548 

Share-based compensation

2,783 

 

2,286 

Foreign currency economic hedges, net

7,619 

 

(4,606)

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation

(1,239)

 

(223)

(Increase) decrease in accounts receivable

10,901 

 

(2,366)

Increase in inventories

(20,685)

 

(7,592)

Increase in other current assets

(8,466)

 

(9,207)

Decrease in accounts payable and other current liabilities

(31,861)

 

(20,334)

Increase (decrease) in income taxes payable

(4,514)

 

6,753 

Other

4,191 

 

(5,382)

Net cash provided by operating activities

$

19,782 

 

$

22,269 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.



4




BIO-RAD LABORATORIES, INC

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)


1.

BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND USE OF ESTIMATES


Basis of Presentation


In this report, “Bio-Rad,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. and its subsidiaries.  The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Bio-Rad have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and reflect all adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary to fairly state the results of the interim periods presented.  All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature.  Results for the interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results for the entire year.  The condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the notes to the consolidated financial statements contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.


We evaluate subsequent events and the evidence they provide about conditions existing at the date of the balance sheet as well as conditions that arose after the balance sheet date but through the date the financial statements are issued.  The effects of conditions that existed at the balance sheet date are recognized in the financial statements.  Events and conditions arising after the balance sheet date but before the financial statements are issued are evaluated to determine if disclosure is required to keep the financial statements from being misleading.  To the extent such events and conditions exist, disclosures are made regarding the nature of events and the estimated financial effects for those events and conditions.


Use of Estimates


The preparation of the financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingencies at the date of the financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Estimates have been prepared on the basis of the best available information.  Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.


Restricted Cash


Restricted cash of 6 million Swiss Francs, or approximately $6.5 million and $6.4 million at March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively, represents a deposit in an escrow account for the purchase of a leased building that is expected to take place in May 2011.


2.

FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS


We determine the fair value of an asset or liability based on the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.  The identification of market participant assumptions provides a basis for determining what inputs are to be used for pricing each asset or liability.  A fair value hierarchy has been established which gives precedence to fair value measurements calculated using observable inputs over those using unobservable inputs.  This hierarchy prioritizes the inputs into three broad levels as follows:


Level 1

Quoted prices in active markets for identical instruments

Level 2

Other significant observable inputs (including quoted prices in active markets

 

 

for similar instruments)




5



 

 

 

Level 3

Significant unobservable inputs (including assumptions in determining

 

 

the fair value of certain investments)


Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2011 are classified in the hierarchy as follows (in millions):


 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Total

Financial Assets Carried at Fair Value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents (a):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

$

--

 

$

135.0

 

$

135.0

Bonds

 

--

 

5.0

 

5.0

Foreign government obligations

 

--

 

5.0

 

5.0

Time deposits

 

44.1

 

5.0

 

49.1

Money market funds

 

32.3

 

--

 

32.3

Total cash equivalents

 

76.4

 

150.0

 

226.4

Available-for-sale investments (b):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

--

 

84.3

 

84.3

Brokered certificates of deposit

 

--

 

10.0

 

10.0

U.S. government sponsored agencies

 

--

 

39.6

 

39.6

Foreign government obligations

 

2.4

 

4.5

 

6.9

Municipal obligations

 

--

 

14.2

 

14.2

Marketable equity securities

 

123.3

 

--

 

123.3

Asset-backed securities

 

--

 

0.7

 

0.7

Total available-for-sale investments

 

125.7

 

153.3

 

279.0

Forward foreign exchange contracts (c)

 

--

 

0.4

 

0.4

Total Financial Assets Carried at Fair Value

 

$

202.1

 

$

303.7

 

$

505.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial Liabilities Carried at Fair Value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forward foreign exchange contracts (d)

 

$

--

 

$

2.3

 

$

2.3



(a)

 

Cash equivalents are included in Cash and cash equivalents in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.


 

 

 

(b)

 

Available-for-sale investments (in millions):


 

 

March 31, 2011

 

 

 

   Short-term investments

 

$

163.5

   Other assets

 

115.5

        Total

 

$

279.0


(c)

 

Forward foreign exchange contracts in an asset position are included in Prepaid expenses, taxes

 

 

and other current assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

 

 

(d)

 

Forward foreign exchange contracts in a liability position are included in Other current

 

 

liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.




6



Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2010 are classified in the hierarchy as follows (in millions):


 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Total

Financial Assets Carried at Fair Value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents (e):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

$

--

 

$

179.6

 

$

179.6

Time deposits

 

16.7

 

25.0

 

41.7

Money market funds

 

266.3

 

--

 

266.3

Total cash equivalents

 

283.0

 

204.6

 

487.6

Available-for-sale investments (f):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

--

 

39.8

 

39.8

U.S. government sponsored agencies

 

--

 

54.7

 

54.7

Foreign government obligations

 

--

 

4.5

 

4.5

Municipal obligations

 

--

 

7.7

 

7.7

Marketable equity securities

 

102.2

 

--

 

102.2

Asset-backed securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collateralized mortgage obligations

 

--

 

0.1

 

0.1

Other mortgage-backed securities

 

--

 

2.5

 

2.5

Other

 

--

 

0.3

 

0.3

Total available-for-sale investments

 

102.2

 

109.6

 

211.8

Forward foreign exchange contracts (g)

 

--

 

0.5

 

0.5

Total Financial Assets Carried at Fair Value

 

$

385.2

 

$

314.7

 

$

699.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial Liabilities Carried at Fair Value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forward foreign exchange contracts (h)

 

$

--

 

$

3.3

 

$

3.3


(e)

 

Cash equivalents are included in Cash and cash equivalents in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

 

 

(f)

 

Available-for-sale investments (in millions):


 

 

December 31, 2010

 

 

 

   Short-term investments

 

$

118.6

   Other assets

 

93.2

        Total

 

$

211.8


(g)

 

Forward foreign exchange contracts in an asset position are included in Prepaid expenses, taxes

 

 

and other current assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

 

 

(h)

 

Forward foreign exchange contracts in a liability position are included in Other current liabilities

 

 

in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.


As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, we did not hold any financial assets that use Level 3 inputs to determine fair value.



7



To estimate the fair value of Level 2 debt securities, excluding commercial paper and U.S. Treasury bills and notes, we examine quarterly the pricing provided by two pricing services and we obtain indicative market prices when there is insufficient correlation between the pricing services.  To estimate the fair value of Level 2 commercial paper and U.S. Treasury bills and notes we examine quarterly the pricing from our primary pricing service to ensure consistency with other similar securities.  As a result of our analysis as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, we utilized our primary pricing service for all Level 2 debt securities for consistency since the results did not require the use of alternative pricing.


In addition, we review for investment securities that may trade in illiquid or inactive markets by identifying instances of a significant decrease in the volume and frequency of trades, relative to historical levels, as well as instances of a significant widening of the bid-ask spread in the brokered markets.  As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, we did not have any investment securities in illiquid or inactive markets.


As of March 31, 2011, our primary pricing service inputs for Level 2 cash equivalents (corporate and foreign government obligations bonds), U.S. government sponsored agencies, municipal obligations, corporate debt securities (bonds) and asset-backed securities consisted of market prices from a variety of industry standard data providers, security master files from large financial institutions and other third-party sources.  These multiple market prices were used by our primary pricing service as inputs into a distribution–curve based algorithm to determine the daily market value.


As of March 31, 2011, our primary pricing service inputs for Level 2 cash equivalents (time deposits and commercial paper), corporate debt securities (commercial paper), time deposits and foreign government obligations (commercial paper) consisted of dynamic and static security characteristics information obtained from several independent security characteristic sources.  The dynamic inputs such as credit rating, factor and variable-rate are updated daily.  The static characteristics include inputs such as day count and first coupon upon initial security creation. These securities were typically priced via mathematical calculations reliant on these inputs.


As of December 31, 2010 the inputs used by our primary pricing service for Level 2 cash equivalents, corporate debt securities, foreign government obligations, U.S. government sponsored agencies and municipal obligations, vary depending on the type of security being valued, but generally include benchmark yields, reported trades, broker/dealer quotes, issuer spreads, two-sided markets, benchmark securities, bids, offers, reference data, corporate actions or Nationally Recognized Municipal Securities Information Repository (NRMSIR) material event notices, plus new issue money market rates.


As of December 31, 2010 the inputs used by our primary pricing service in estimating the fair value of Level 2 collateralized mortgage obligations and other mortgage-backed securities include many of the inputs mentioned above in addition to monthly payment information.  These issues were priced by our primary pricing service against issues with similar vintage and credit quality with adjustments for tranche, average life and extension risk.


Forward foreign exchange contracts: As part of distributing our products, we regularly enter into intercompany transactions.  We enter into forward foreign currency exchange contracts to manage foreign exchange risk of future movements in foreign exchange rates that affect foreign currency denominated intercompany receivables and payables.  We do not use derivative financial instruments for speculative or trading purposes.  We do not seek hedge accounting treatment for these contracts.  As a result, these contracts, generally with maturity dates of 90 days or less and related primarily to currencies of industrial countries, are recorded at their fair value at each balance sheet date.  The fair value of these contracts was derived using the spot rates published in the Wall Street Journal on the last business day of the quarter and the points provided by counterparties.  The resulting gains or losses offset exchange gains or losses on the related receivables and payables, both of which are recorded as Foreign exchange losses (gains), net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. The cash flows related to these contracts are classified as Cash flows from investing activities in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.  



8



 

 

March 31,

 

 

2011

 

 

(in millions)

Contracts maturing in April through

 

 

  June 2011 to sell foreign currency:

 

 

  Notional value

 

$

58.1

  Unrealized loss

 

$

0.3

Contracts maturing in April through

 

 

June 2011 to purchase foreign currency:

 

 

  Notional value

 

$

433.8

  Unrealized loss

 

$

1.6


Available-for-sale investments consist of the following (in millions):


 

March 31, 2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estimated

 

 

Amortized

 

Unrealized

 

Unrealized

 

Fair

 

 

Cost

 

Gains

 

Losses

 

Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Short-term investments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

$

84.3

 

$

--

 

$

-- 

 

$

84.3

Brokered certificates of deposit

 

10.0

 

--

 

-- 

 

10.0

Municipal obligations

 

14.2

 

--

 

-- 

 

14.2

Asset-backed securities

 

0.1

 

--

 

-- 

 

0.1

U.S. government sponsored agencies

 

39.6

 

--

 

-- 

 

39.6

Foreign government obligations

 

5.1

 

--

 

-- 

 

5.1

Marketable equity securities

 

8.7

 

1.6

 

(0.1)

 

10.2

 

 

162.0

 

1.6

 

(0.1)

 

163.5

Long-term investments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marketable equity securities

 

48.1

 

65.3

 

(0.3)

 

113.1

Asset-backed securities

 

0.7

 

--

 

(0.1)

 

0.6

Foreign government obligations

 

1.8

 

--

 

-- 

 

1.8

 

 

50.6

 

65.3

 

(0.4)

 

115.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

212.6

 

$

66.9

 

$

(0.5)

 

$

279.0


 

December 31, 2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estimated

 

 

Amortized

 

Unrealized

 

Unrealized

 

Fair

 

 

Cost

 

Gains

 

Losses

 

Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Short-term investments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

$

39.8

 

$

--

 

$

-- 

 

$

39.8

Municipal obligations

 

7.7

 

--

 

-- 

 

7.7

Asset-backed securities

 

1.9

 

--

 

-- 

 

1.9

U.S. government sponsored agencies

 

54.7

 

--

 

-- 

 

54.7

Foreign government obligations

 

4.5

 

--

 

-- 

 

4.5

Marketable equity securities

 

8.8

 

1.3

 

(0.1)

 

10.0

 

 

117.4

 

1.3

 

(0.1)

 

118.6

Long-term investments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marketable equity securities

 

45.5

 

47.9

 

(0.9)

 

92.5

Asset-backed securities

 

0.7

 

0.1

 

(0.1)

 

0.7

 

 

46.2

 

48.0

 

(1.0)

 

93.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

163.6

 

$

49.3

 

$

(1.1)

 

$

211.8




9



The following is a summary of the fair value and gross unrealized losses for investments with unrealized losses (in millions):

 

 

March 31,

 

December 31,

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value

 

$

17.5

 

$

4.5

Gross unrealized losses for investments

 

 

 

 

   in a loss position 12 months or more

 

$

0.4

 

$

0.6

Gross unrealized losses for investments

 

 

 

 

  in a loss position less than 12 months

 

$

0.1

 

$

0.5


The unrealized losses on these securities are due to a number of factors, including changes in interest rates, changes in economic conditions and changes in market outlook for various industries, among others.  Because Bio-Rad has the ability and intent to hold these investments with unrealized losses until a recovery of fair value, or for a reasonable period of time sufficient for a forecasted recovery of fair value, which may be maturity, we do not consider these investments to be other-than-temporarily impaired at March 31, 2011.


The following is a summary of the amortized cost and estimated fair value of our debt securities at March 31, 2011 by contractual maturity date (in millions):


 

 

Amortized

 

Fair

 

 

Cost

 

Value

 

 

 

 

 

Mature in less than one year

 

$

153.2

 

$

153.2

Mature in one to five years

 

1.8

 

1.8

Mature in more than five years

 

0.7

 

0.7

  Total

 

$

155.7

 

$

155.7


The estimated fair value of financial instruments in the table below has been determined using available market information or other appropriate valuation methodologies.  Estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that could be realized in a current market exchange as considerable judgment is required in interpreting market data used to develop estimates of fair value.  The use of different market assumptions or estimation techniques could have a material effect on the estimated fair value.  Other assets include some financial instruments that have fair values based on market quotations.  Long-term debt has an estimated fair value based on quoted market prices for the same or similar issues.


The estimated fair value of our financial instruments is as follows (in millions):


 

 

March 31, 2011

 

December 31, 2010

 

 

 

 

Estimated 

 

 

 

Estimated 

 

 

Carrying 

 

Fair 

 

Carrying 

 

Fair 

 

 

Amount 

 

Value 

 

Amount 

 

Value 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other assets

 

$

169.1

 

$

235.4

 

$

145.6

 

$

205.6

Current maturities of long-term

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  debt, excluding leases

 

$

--

 

--

 

$

225.0

 

$

228.1

Total long-term debt, excluding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  leases and current maturities

 

$

718.5

 

$

740.4

 

$

718.2

 

$

734.8


We own shares of ordinary voting stock of Sartorius AG, of Goettingen, Germany, a process technology supplier to the biotechnology, pharmaceutical, chemical and food and beverage industries.  We own over 30% of the outstanding



10


voting shares (excluding treasury shares) of Sartorius as of March 31, 2011.  The Sartorius family trust and Sartorius family members hold a controlling interest of the outstanding voting shares. We do not have any representative or designee on Sartorius’ board of directors, nor do we have any other influence over the operating and financial policies of Sartorius.  Therefore, we account for this investment using the cost method.  The carrying value of this investment is included in Other assets in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.


3.

GOODWILL AND OTHER PURCHASED INTANGIBLE ASSETS


Changes to goodwill by segment were as follows (in millions):

 

Life

 

Clinical

 

 

 

Science

 

Diagnostics

 

Total

Balances as of January 1, 2011:

 

 

 

 

 

Goodwill

$

70.7 

 

$

320.5

 

$

391.2 

Accumulated impairment losses

(27.2)

 

--

 

(27.2)

Goodwill, net

43.5 

 

320.5

 

364.0 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currency fluctuations

--

 

5.1

 

5.1 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balances as of March 31, 2011:

 

 

 

 

 

Goodwill

70.7 

 

325.6

 

396.3 

Accumulated impairment losses

(27.2)

 

--

 

(27.2)

Goodwill, net

$

43.5 

 

$

325.6

 

$

369.1 


Other than goodwill, we have no intangible assets with indefinite lives.  Information regarding our identifiable purchased intangible assets with definite lives is as follows (in millions):

 

 

 

March 31, 2011

 

Average

 

 

Net

 

Remaining

Purchase

Accumulated

Carrying

 

Life (years)

Price

Amortization

Amount

Customer relationships/lists

1-13

$

104.6

$

(27.5)

$

77.1

Know how

6

94.2

(36.2)

58.0

Developed product technology

1-11

48.8

(20.9)

27.9

Licenses

1-9

35.5

(13.1)

22.4

Tradenames

1-11

30.2

(17.8)

12.4

Covenants not to compete

1-8

5.9

(5.0)

0.9

Patents

--

1.0

(1.0)

--

Other

--

0.1

(0.1)

--

 

 

$

320.3

$

(121.6)

$

198.7


 

December 31, 2010

 

Average

 

 

Net

 

Remaining

Purchase

Accumulated

Carrying

 

Life (years)

Price

Amortization

Amount

Customer relationships/lists

1-13

$ 102.3

$

(24.8)

$

77.5

Know how

1-6

92.6

(33.0)

59.6

Developed product technology

1-11

47.9

(19.2)

28.7

Licenses

1-10

35.4

(12.2)

23.2

Tradenames

2-12

29.5

(15.9)

13.6

Covenants not to compete

1-8

5.9

(4.6)

1.3

Patents

--

1.0

(1.0)

--

Other

1

0.1

(0.1)

--

 

 

$ 314.7

$

(110.8)

$

203.9




11



Amortization expense related to purchased intangible assets is as follows (in millions):


 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization expense

 

$

8.8

 

$

8.7



4.

PRODUCT WARRANTY LIABILITY


We warrant certain equipment against defects in design, materials and workmanship, generally for a period of one year.  Upon delivery of that equipment, we establish, as part of Cost of goods sold, a provision for the expected costs of such warranty based on historical experience, specific warranty terms and customer feedback.  A review is performed on a quarterly basis to assess the adequacy of our warranty accrual.


Components of the warranty accrual, included in Other current liabilities and Other long-term liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, were as follows (in millions):


 

 

2011

 

 

 

January 1

 

$

18.3 

Provision for warranty

 

5.3 

Actual warranty costs

 

(5.1)

March 31

 

$

18.5 


5.

LONG-TERM DEBT


The principal components of long-term debt are as follows (in millions):


 

 

 

March 31,

 

December 31,

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

 

 

7.5% Senior Subordinated Notes

 

$

-- 

 

$

225.0 

8.0% Senior Subordinated Notes

 

295.8 

 

295.6 

4.875% Senior Notes

 

422.7 

 

422.6 

Capital leases and other debt

 

20.4 

 

21.0 

 

 

738.9 

 

964.2 

Less current maturities

 

(7.7)

 

(233.1)

Long-term debt

 

$

731.2 

 

$

731.1 




12



Senior Notes due 2020


In December 2010, Bio-Rad sold $425.0 million principal amount of Senior Notes due 2020.  The net proceeds from the issuance of the Senior Notes were used, together with cash on hand, to redeem all $200 million of our Senior Subordinated Notes due 2014 in December 2010 and all $225 million of our Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013 (as defined below) in January 2011.


Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013


In August 2003, Bio-Rad sold $225.0 million principal amount of Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013.  In January 2011, we redeemed all of the Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013 for $234.6 million, including a call premium, which is included in Interest expense in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.


Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (Credit Agreement)


In June 2010, Bio-Rad entered into a $200.0 million Credit Agreement. Borrowings under the Credit Agreement are on a revolving basis and can be used for acquisitions, for working capital and for other general corporate purposes.  We had no outstanding borrowings under the Credit Agreement as of March 31, 2011.  The Credit Agreement expires on June 21, 2014.


The Credit Agreement is secured by substantially all of our personal property assets, the assets of our domestic subsidiaries and 65% of the capital stock of certain of our foreign subsidiaries.  It is guaranteed by all of our existing and future material domestic subsidiaries.  The Credit Agreement and the Senior Subordinated Notes due 2016 require Bio-Rad to comply with certain financial ratios and covenants, among other things.  These ratios and covenants include a leverage ratio test and an interest coverage test, as well as restrictions on our ability to declare or pay dividends, incur debt, guarantee debt, enter into transactions with affiliates, merge or consolidate, sell assets, make investments, create liens and prepay subordinated debt.  We were in compliance with all of these ratios and covenants as of March 31, 2011.


6.

NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS


Activity in noncontrolling interests is as follows (in millions):


January 1, 2011

 

$

3.8 

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

(0.1)

Purchase of noncontrolling interests

 

(2.4)

Currency fluctuations

 

(0.1)

March 31, 2011

 

$

1.2 


In February 2011, we acquired an additional 39% of Distribuidora de Analitica para Medicina Ibérica S.A. (DiaMed Spain) from multiple noncontrolling shareholders, increasing our ownership in DiaMed Spain to 90%.  We paid approximately 2.5 million Euros or $3.4 million in cash.  This acquisition was accounted for as an equity transaction which reduced Bio-Rad’s noncontrolling interest and additional paid-in capital by approximately $2.4 million and $1.0 million, respectively.



13



7.

EARNINGS PER SHARE


Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to Bio-Rad by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for that period.  Diluted earnings per share takes into account the effect of dilutive instruments, such as stock options and restricted stock, and uses the average share price for the period in determining the number of potential common shares that are to be added to the weighted average number of shares outstanding.  Potential common shares are excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation if the effect of including such securities would be anti-dilutive.


The weighted average number of common shares outstanding used to calculate basic and diluted earnings per share and the anti-dilutive shares are as follows (in thousands):


 

Three Months Ended

 

March 31,

 

2011

 

2010 

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

27,904

 

27,545

Effect of potentially dilutive stock options and

 

 

 

restricted stock awards

485

 

527

Diluted weighted average common shares

28,389

 

28,072

Anti-dilutive shares

54

 

96


8.

OTHER INCOME AND EXPENSE


Other (income) expense, net includes the following components (in millions):


 

Three Months Ended

 

March 31,

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

 

Interest and investment income

$

(0.7)

 

$

(0.8)

Net realized gains on investments

(0.2)

 

(0.3)

Miscellaneous other (income) expense items

(0.1)

 

0.3 

Other (income) expense, net

$

(1.0)

 

$

(0.8)


9.

INCOME TAXES


Our effective tax rate was 32% and 29% for the first three months of 2011 and 2010, respectively.  The effective tax rates for both periods were lower than the statutory rate due to tax benefits for nontaxable dividend income, research and development tax credits, and differences between U.S. and foreign statutory tax rates.  The effective tax rate for the first three months of 2011 was higher than the rate for the same period in 2010 primarily due to changes in estimates pertaining to foreign tax credits related to distributions from non-U.S. subsidiaries.


As of March 31, 2011, we believe it is reasonably possible that within the next twelve months our unrecognized tax benefits will decrease by up to $5.1 million as a result of audit settlements with various tax authorities.  We are, however, currently unable to make a reasonable estimate as to the period of final settlement, if any, with respective tax authorities and have therefore not yet decreased our unrecognized tax benefits.



14



We record liabilities related to uncertain tax positions.  We do not believe any currently pending uncertain tax positions will have a material adverse effect on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, although an adverse resolution of one or more of these uncertain tax positions in any period may have a material impact on the results of operations for that period.


10.

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME


The components of our total comprehensive income are as follows (in millions):


 

Three Months Ended

 

 March 31,

 

2011 

 

2010

 

 

 

 

Net income including noncontrolling interests

$

32.9

 

$

35.4 

Currency translation adjustments

20.9

 

(20.8)

Net unrealized holding gains on available-for-sale investments

 

 

 

net of tax expense $6.2 million and $2.1 for the three months ended

 

 

 

March 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

10.6

 

3.6 

Reclassification adjustments for gains included in net income including

 

 

 

noncontrolling interests, net of tax expense $0.1 million for both the

 

 

 

three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010.

0.1

 

0.2 

Total comprehensive income

64.5

 

18.4 

Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

0.1

 

(0.4)

Comprehensive income attributable to Bio-Rad

$

64.6

 

$

18. 0 

 

 

 

 



Reclassification adjustments are calculated using the specific identification method.


11.

SEGMENT INFORMATION


Information regarding industry segments for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 is as follows (in millions):


 

 

Life

Clinical

 

Other

 

 

Science

Diagnostics

 

Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment net sales 

2011

$

154.5

$

327.2

$

3.4 

 

2010

$

151.4

$

299.8

$

3.0 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment profit

2011

$

3.1

$

48.0

$

0.2 

 

2010

$

11.4

$

38.3

$

(0.1)




15



Segment results are presented in the same manner as we present our operations internally to make operating decisions and assess performance.  Net corporate operating expense consists of receipts and expenditures that are not the primary responsibility of segment operating management.  Interest expense is charged to segments based on the carrying amount of inventory and receivables employed by that segment.  The following reconciles total segment profit to consolidated income before taxes (in millions):


 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2011 

 

2010 

 

 

 

 

 

Total segment profit

 

$

51.3 

 

$

49.6 

Foreign exchange (losses) gains, net

 

(3.0)

 

0.2 

Net corporate operating, interest and other

 

 

 

 

expense not allocated to segments

 

(1.0)

 

(0.8)

Other income (expense), net

 

1.0 

 

0.8 

Consolidated income before taxes

 

$

48.3 

 

$

49.8 


12.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS


Based on an internal review, we have identified conduct in certain of our overseas operations that may have violated the anti-bribery provisions of the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and is likely to have violated the FCPA’s books and records and internal controls provisions and our own internal policies.  In May 2010, we voluntarily disclosed these matters to the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), which each commenced an investigation.  The Audit Committee of our Board of Directors (Audit Committee) has assumed direct responsibility for reviewing these matters and has hired experienced independent counsel to conduct an investigation and provide legal advice.  We have provided, and intend to continue to provide, additional information to the DOJ and the SEC as the Audit Committee’s investigation progresses.


The Audit Committee’s investigation and the DOJ and SEC investigations are continuing and we are presently unable to predict the duration, scope or results of the Audit Committee’s investigation, of any investigations by the DOJ or the SEC or whether either agency will commence any legal actions.  The DOJ and the SEC have a broad range of civil and criminal sanctions under the FCPA and other laws and regulations including, but not limited to, injunctive relief, disgorgement, fines, penalties, modifications to business practices including the termination or modification of existing business relationships, the imposition of compliance programs and the retention of a monitor to oversee compliance with the FCPA.  We are unable to estimate the outcome of this matter.  However, the imposition of any of these sanctions or remedial measures could have a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition.  We have not to date determined whether any of the activities in question violated the laws of the foreign jurisdictions in which they took place.


On April 13, 2011, a shareholder derivative lawsuit was filed against each of our directors in the Superior Court for Contra Costa County, California.  The case, which also names us as a nominal defendant, is captioned City of Riviera Beach General Employees’ Retirement System v. David Schwartz, et al., Case No. MSC11-00854.  In the complaint, the plaintiff alleges that our directors breached their fiduciary duties by failing to ensure that we had sufficient internal controls and systems for compliance with the FCPA.  Purportedly seeking relief on our behalf, the plaintiff seeks an award of unspecified compensatory and punitive damages, costs and expenses (including attorneys’ fees), and a declaration that our directors have breached their fiduciary duties.


In addition, we are party to various other claims, legal actions and complaints arising in the ordinary course of business.  We do not believe, at this time, that any ultimate liability resulting from any of these other matters will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or liquidity.  However, we cannot give any assurance regarding the ultimate outcome of these other matters and their resolution could be material to our operating results for any particular period, depending on the level of income for the period.



16



Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition


This discussion should be read in conjunction with the information contained in both our Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended December 31, 2010 and this report for the quarter ended March 31, 2011.


Other than statements of historical fact, statements made in this report include forward looking statements, such as statements with respect to our future financial performance, operating results, plans and objectives that involve risk and uncertainties.  Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as, “believe,” “expect,” “may,” “will,” “intend,” “estimate,” “continue,” or similar expressions or the negative of those terms or expressions.  Such statements involve risks and uncertainties, which could cause actual results to vary materially from those expressed in or indicated by the forward-looking statements.  We have based these forward looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events.  However, actual results may differ materially from those currently anticipated depending on a variety of risk factors including among other things: changes in general domestic and worldwide economic conditions; our ability to successfully develop and market new products; our reliance on and access to necessary intellectual property; our ability to successfully integrate any acquired business; our substantial leverage and ability to service our debt; competition in and government regulation of the industries in which we operate; and the monetary policies of various countries.  We caution you not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect an analysis only and speak only as of the date hereof.  We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise except as required by Federal Securities law.


Overview.  We are a multinational manufacturer and worldwide distributor of our own life science research and clinical diagnostics products.  Our business is organized into two primary segments, Life Science and Clinical Diagnostics, with the mission to provide scientists with specialized tools needed for biological research and clinical diagnostics.  We sell more than 8,000 products and services to a diverse client base comprised of scientific research, healthcare, education and government customers worldwide. We manufacture and supply our customers with a range of reagents, apparatus and equipment to separate complex chemical and biological materials and to identify, analyze and purify components.  Because our customers require standardization for their experiments and test results, much of our revenues are recurring.  Approximately 32% of our year-to-date 2011 consolidated net sales are from the United States and approximately 68% are from international locations.  The international sales are largely denominated in local currencies such as Euros, Swiss Franc, Japanese Yen and British Sterling.  As a result, our consolidated net sales expressed in dollars benefit when the U.S. dollar weakens and suffer when the dollar strengthens.  When the U.S. dollar strengthens, we benefit from lower cost of sales from our own international manufacturing sites as well as non-U.S. suppliers and from lower international operating expenses.


On January 6, 2010, we acquired certain diagnostic businesses of Biotest AG (Biotest).  This 45 million Euro (approximately $64.9 million) acquisition broadened our product offering in the area of immunohematology and provided access to the U. S. markets.


The following shows gross profit and expense items as a percentage of net sales:


 

Three Months Ended

 

Year Ended

 

March 31,

 

December 31,

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

100.0

%

100.0

%

 

100.0

%

Cost of goods sold

42.8

 

43.4

 

 

43.4

 

Gross profit

57.2

 

56.6

 

 

56.6

 

Selling, general and administrative expense

34.6

 

33.8

 

 

33.0

 

Research and development expense

8.8

 

8.9

 

 

8.9

 

Net income attributable to Bio-Rad

6.8

 

7.7

 

 

9.6

 




17



Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates


As previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010, we have identified accounting for income taxes, valuation of goodwill and long-lived assets, valuation of inventories, warranty reserves, valuation of investments, allowance for doubtful accounts and litigation accruals as the accounting policies and estimates critical to the operations of Bio-Rad.


An accounting policy is deemed to be critical if it requires an accounting estimate to be made based on assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain at the time the estimate is made, if different estimates reasonably could have been used, or if changes in the estimate that are reasonably likely to occur could materially impact the financial statements.  Management believes that there have been no significant changes during the three months ended March 31, 2011 to the items that we disclosed as our critical accounting policies and estimates in Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010.  For a full discussion of these policies, please refer to our Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2010.


Three Months Ended March 31, 2011 Compared to

Three Months Ended March 31, 2010


Corporate Results -- Sales, Margins and Expenses


Net sales (sales) in the first quarter of 2011 increased to $485.1 million from $454.2 million in the first quarter of 2010, a sales increase of 6.8%.  Excluding the impact of foreign currency, first quarter 2011 sales increased by approximately 4.9% compared to the same period in 2010.  Currency neutral sales growth was reflected in all regions, but primarily for Asia Pacific, Latin America and North America.


The Life Science segment sales for the first quarter of 2011 were $154.5 million, an increase of 2.1%, and a slight decrease on a currency neutral basis, compared to the same period last year.  Product groups showing growth included new product lines such as TGX Gels, Automated Cell Counter and Gel Doc EZ.  Currency neutral sales growth in the Life Science segment was primarily in North America and Latin America, while in Europe and Asia Pacific sales have declined.  In many developed countries constraints in government budgets has limited sales growth opportunities.


The Clinical Diagnostics segment reported sales for the first quarter of 2011 of $327.2 million, an increase of 9.1% compared to the same period last year.  On a currency neutral basis, sales increased 7.3% compared to the first quarter in 2010.  Clinical Diagnostics product lines generating growth were immunohematology, Bio-Plex and clinical microbiology.  Sales growth was primarily in Asia Pacific, Europe and Latin America.


Consolidated gross margins were 57.2% for the first quarter of 2011 compared to 56.6% for the first quarter of 2010 and 56.6% for the year 2010.  Life Science segment gross margins for the first quarter of 2011 decreased from the same period last year by approximately 1.7%.  The decrease was due to both pricing pressures and lower manufacturing volumes not absorbing fixed period costs.  Clinical Diagnostics segment gross margins for the first quarter of 2011 increased by approximately 1.8% from the same period last year.  The increase was primarily due to a reduction in purchase accounting, product mix and favorable manufacturing variances from higher production levels.


Selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A) represented 34.6% of sales for the first quarter of 2011 compared to 33.8% of sales for the first quarter of 2010.  Growth in the rate of SG&A spending was greater than the rate of sales growth.  Increases were primarily driven by professional services, facilities and information technology.  Employee-related costs, our largest cost, rose at a rate much less than sales growth.



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Research and development expense increased to $42.7 million or 8.8% of sales in the first quarter of 2011 compared to $40.3 million or 8.9% of sales in the first quarter of 2010.  Life Science segment research and development expense increased from the prior year quarter with efforts concentrated on genomics, proteomics and process chromatography applications.  Clinical Diagnostics segment research and development expense was relatively flat from the prior year period.


Corporate Results – Other Items


Interest expense for the first quarter of 2011 increased by $2.3 million compared to the first quarter of 2010.  The increase was primarily due to the redemption costs incurred in January 2011 for the Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013.


Foreign currency exchange gains and losses consist of foreign currency transaction gains and losses on intercompany net receivables and payables and the change in fair value of our forward foreign exchange contracts used to manage our foreign currency exchange risk.  Increased foreign currency exchange losses (gains), net for the quarter ended March 31, 2011 was primarily attributable to market volatility, increasing costs to hedge, and the result of the estimating process inherent in the timing of shipments and payments of intercompany payables.


Other (income) expense, net for the first quarter of 2011 increased slightly to $1.0 million compared to $0.8 million for the first quarter of 2010.  In the current investment environment, returns on our cash reserves are extremely limited.


Our effective tax rate was 32% and 29% for the first quarters of 2011 and 2010, respectively.  The effective tax rates for both periods were lower than the statutory rate due to tax benefits for nontaxable dividend income, research and development tax credits, and differences between U.S. and foreign statutory tax rates.  The effective tax rate for the first three months of 2011 was higher than the rate for the same period in 2010 primarily due to changes in estimates pertaining to foreign tax credits related to distributions from non-U.S. subsidiaries.


Our effective tax rate may be impacted in the future, either favorably or unfavorably, by many factors including, but not limited to, changes to statutory tax rates, changes in tax laws or regulations, tax audits and settlements, and generation of tax credits.


Liquidity and Capital Resources


Bio-Rad operates and conducts business globally, primarily through subsidiary companies established in the markets in which we trade.  Goods are manufactured in a small number of locations, and are then shipped to local distribution facilities around the world.  Our product mix is diversified, and certain products compete largely on product efficacy, while others compete on price.  Gross margins are generally sufficient to exceed normal operating costs.  Funding for research and development of new products as well as routine outflows of capital expenditure, interest and tax expense are provided by cash flow from operations.  In addition to the annual positive cash flow from operating activities, additional liquidity is readily available via the sale of short-term investments and access to our $200.0 million Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (Credit Agreement) that we entered into in June 2010.  Borrowings under the Credit Agreement are on a revolving basis and can be used to make acquisitions, for working capital and for other general corporate purposes.  We had no outstanding borrowings under the Credit Agreement as of March 31, 2011.  The Credit Agreement expires on June 21, 2014.


At March 31, 2011, we had available $791.4 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments.  Under domestic and international lines of credit, we had $231.8 million available for borrowing as of March 31, 2011, of which $14.3 million is reserved for standby letters of credit issued by our banks to guarantee our obligations to various companies.  Management believes that this availability together with cash flow from operations, will be adequate to meet our current objectives for operations, research and development, capital additions for manufacturing and distribution, plant and equipment, information technology systems and an acquisition of reasonable proportion to our existing total available capital.



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Cash Flows from Operations


Net cash provided by operations was $19.8 million and $22.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.  The decrease primarily represented higher cash paid to suppliers and employees and higher payments on income taxes, partially offset by an increase in cash received from customers.  We continue to focus on cash flow improvements as a global company-wide goal.


Cash Flows from Investing Activities


Capital expenditures totaled $17.8 million and $16.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.  Capital expenditures represent the addition and replacement of production machinery and research equipment, ongoing manufacturing and facility additions for expansions, regulatory and environmental compliance, and leasehold improvements.  Also included in capital expenditures are investments in business systems and data communication upgrades and enhancements.  We anticipate increasing expenditures in future periods to expand our e-commerce platform internationally and for implementation globally of a single instance ERP platform, which the software was purchased in December 2010.  The estimated global implementation cost could reach approximately $150 million and is estimated to take approximately five years to implement.  In addition, all periods included equipment placed with Clinical Diagnostics segment customers who then contract to purchase our reagents for use.


On January 6, 2010, we acquired certain diagnostic businesses of Biotest AG for 45 million Euros (approximately $64.9 million) in cash, which is included in our Clinical Diagnostics segment.  In February 2011, we acquired an additional 39% of Distribuidora de Analitica para Medicina Ibérica S.A. (DiaMed Spain) from multiple noncontrolling shareholders, increasing our ownership in DiaMed Spain to 90%.  We paid approximately 2.5 million Euros or $3.4 million in cash.  We continue to review possible acquisitions to expand both our Life Science and Clinical Diagnostics segments.  We routinely meet with the principals or brokers of the subject companies.  It is not certain that any of these transactions will advance beyond the preliminary stages to completion at this time.


Cash Flows from Financing Activities


Net cash used in financing activities was $214.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and net cash provided by financing activities was $1.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010.  Cash used in 2011 was attributable to the redemption in January 2011 of our $225.0 million Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013, including a call premium.  During the fourth quarter of 2010 we placed $425.0 million Senior Notes that were used to retire our 2014 bonds and our 2013 bonds in December 2010 and January 2011, respectively.  Cash provided in 2010 was the net of proceeds from common stock, partially offset by small repayments of other long-term debt.  We have outstanding Senior Notes of $425 million and Senior Subordinated Notes of $300 million, which are not due until 2020 and 2016, respectively.


Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk


During the three months ended March 31, 2011, there have been no material changes from the disclosures about market risk provided in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.


Item 4. Controls and Procedures


Disclosure Controls and Procedures


As of the end of the period covered by this report, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures.  Based on that evaluation, our



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Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer concluded that, although our disclosure controls and procedures were generally effective in timely alerting them to material information relating to us and our consolidated subsidiaries required to be disclosed in the reports we file and submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act), they were not effective as disclosed below.


The conclusion that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective relates in part to the results to date of our Audit Committee’s investigation with the assistance of independent special counsel of our compliance with the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA).  Based on that investigation, we determined that our previous lack of a comprehensive FCPA compliance policy and training program and other inadequate entity-level controls, as discussed below, led us to fail to identify FCPA compliance issues that were presented.  


We have continued implementing our remediation plan with respect to our disclosure controls and procedures to provide greater assurance of future compliance with the requirements of the FCPA and to ensure that potential FCPA issues are appropriately identified, reported and evaluated in the future.  These remediation efforts include:

 

 

 

 

Company-wide, comprehensive training of our personnel in the requirements of the FCPA, including training with respect to those areas of our operations that are most likely to raise FCPA compliance concerns;

 

 

 

 

With the assistance of special counsel to the Audit Committee, which has extensive experience in the area of FCPA compliance, our adoption of a comprehensive FCPA compliance policy that is appropriate for us in light of our worldwide operations, particularly in geographical areas that present challenges to regulatory compliance because of less mature legal frameworks;

 

 

 

 

Our hiring of an additional person to assist in FCPA compliance; and

 

 

 

 

Our determination that, in the future, FCPA compliance will be a point of emphasis to be evaluated quarterly by our internal legal group and our internal audit group, and that a report on our FCPA compliance will be provided regularly to the Audit Committee.

 

 

 


Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting


Our management concluded in its last annual assessment that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of December 31, 2010 to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, to the extent and for the reasons set forth below.


In connection with our Audit Committee’s investigation of our compliance with the FCPA discussed above, our management identified three significant deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting that, when considered and taken together, constitute a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting.  A significant deficiency is defined as a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting that is less severe than a material weakness, yet important enough to merit attention by those responsible for oversight of our financial reporting.  A material weakness is defined as a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.



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These three significant deficiencies were the result of:  (i) a number of entity-level control deficiencies, including our lack of a comprehensive FCPA policy and training program; our lack of a formal, effective disclosure committee to facilitate our compliance with Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002; inadequate policies regarding enterprise-wide risk assessment and management related to doing business in high-risk, emerging markets; our failure to perform background checks on certain parties prior to entering into material contracts with such parties; our lack of compliance with our existing Code of Business Ethics and Conduct in certain countries; and ineffective disclosure of significant exceptions to compliance with company policies through our quarterly management sub-certification process; (ii) a number of control deficiencies related to our expenditure processes at certain of our international subsidiaries and (iii) a number of control deficiencies related to our revenue and accounts receivable processes at certain of our international subsidiaries.


During the quarter ended March 31, 2011, we continued to remediate the significant deficiencies identified above and the resulting material weakness.  In addition to our FCPA-related remediation efforts described above under “Disclosure Controls and Procedures,” these efforts included our formation of a disclosure committee to facilitate our compliance with Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and our implementation of new procedures for performing background checks on certain parties prior to entering into material contracts with such parties.  We are also in the process of evaluating the initiation of additional actions to remediate these significant deficiencies and the resulting material weakness, including developing and implementing additional policies, further strengthening our disclosure processes and increasing the resources that we devote to our internal compliance and audit functions.


While our remediation efforts are in process, they have not been completed.  Accordingly, our management has concluded that our internal control over financial reporting is not effective as of March 31, 2011 and that we continue to have a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting.  Our conclusion is not based on quantified misstatements in our historical financial statements or our financial statements as of and for our quarter ended March 31, 2011, but instead on the risk that we may be unable to prevent or detect on a timely basis potential material errors in our future financial statements. We do not presently anticipate that the material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2011 will have any material effect on our previously reported financial results or our financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2011.


We cannot assure you that we will be able to remediate these significant deficiencies and the resulting material weakness or that additional significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting will not be identified in the future.  Any failure to maintain or implement new or improved internal controls, or any difficulties that we may encounter in their maintenance or implementation, could result in additional significant deficiencies or material weaknesses, result in material misstatements in our financial statements and cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations, which in turn could cause the trading price of our common stock to decline.


Other than the changes discussed above, we identified no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during our quarter ended March 31, 2011 that have materially affected, or that are reasonably likely materially to affect, our internal control over financial reporting.


PART II – OTHER INFORMATION


Item 1. Legal Proceedings


See Note 12, “Legal Proceedings” in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of Part 1, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.



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Item 1A. Risk Factors


The ongoing investigation by our Audit Committee and by government agencies of possible violations by us of the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar laws could have a material adverse effect on our business.


Based on an internal review, we have identified conduct in certain of our overseas operations that may have violated the anti-bribery provisions of the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and is likely to have violated the FCPA’s books and records and internal controls provisions and our own internal policies.  In May 2010, we voluntarily disclosed these matters to the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), which each commenced an investigation.  The Audit Committee of our Board of Directors (Audit Committee) has assumed direct responsibility for reviewing these matters and has hired experienced independent counsel to conduct an investigation and provide legal advice.  We have provided, and intend to continue to provide, additional information to the DOJ and the SEC as the Audit Committee’s investigation progresses.


The Audit Committee’s investigation and the DOJ and SEC investigations are continuing and we are presently unable to predict the duration, scope or results of the Audit Committee’s investigation, of the investigations by the DOJ or the SEC or whether either agency will commence any legal actions. The DOJ and the SEC have a broad range of civil and criminal sanctions under the FCPA and other laws and regulations including, but not limited to, injunctive relief, disgorgement, fines, penalties, modifications to business practices including the termination or modification of existing business relationships, the imposition of compliance programs and the retention of a monitor to oversee compliance with the FCPA.  The imposition of any of these sanctions or remedial measures could have a material adverse effect on our business, including our results of operations, cash balance and credit ratings.  We have not to date deterimined whether any of the activities in question violated the laws of the foreign jurisdictions in which they took place.


We have not completed our actions to remediate previously identified significant deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting that, when considered and taken together, constitute a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2011.  Our failure to establish and maintain effective internal control over financial reporting could result in our failure to meet our reporting obligations and cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information, which in turn could cause the trading price of our common stock to decline.


In connection with our Audit Committee’s investigation of our compliance with the FCPA discussed above, our management identified three significant deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting that, when considered and taken together, constitute a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2011.  A significant deficiency is defined as a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting that is less severe than a material weakness, yet important enough to merit attention by those responsible for oversight of our financial reporting.  A material weakness is defined as a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.


The three significant deficiencies that we identified are the result of: (i) a number of entity-level control deficiencies, including our lack of a comprehensive FCPA policy and training program; our lack of a formal, effective disclosure committee to facilitate our compliance with Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002; inadequate policies regarding enterprise-wide risk assessment and management related to doing business in high-risk, emerging markets; our failure to perform background checks on certain parties prior to entering into material contracts with such parties; our lack of compliance with our existing Code of Business Ethics and Conduct in certain countries; and ineffective disclosure of significant exceptions to compliance with company policies through our quarterly management sub-certification process; (ii) a number of control deficiencies related to our expenditure processes at certain of our international subsidiaries and (iii) a number of control deficiencies related to our revenue and accounts receivable



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process at certain of our international subsidiaries.  For more information about these three significant deficiencies and the resulting material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting and the remediation efforts that we have initiated and intend to initiate to attempt to remediate these three significant deficiencies and the resulting material weakness, please see Item 4 (“Controls and Procedures”) in this report.


We cannot assure you that we will be able to remediate these significant deficiencies and the resulting material weakness or that additional significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting will not be identified in the future.  Any failure to maintain or implement new or improved internal controls, or any difficulties that we may encounter in their maintenance or implementation, could result in additional significant deficiencies or material weaknesses, result in material misstatements in our financial statements and cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations, which in turn could cause the trading price of our common stock to decline.  Any such failure could also adversely affect the results of our periodic management evaluations and annual auditor attestation reports regarding the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting required by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.


On April 13, 2011, a shareholder derivative lawsuit was filed against each of our directors in the Superior Court for Contra Costa County, California.  The case, which also names us as a nominal defendant, is captioned City of Riviera Beach General Employees’ Retirement System v. David Schwartz, et al., Case No. MSC11-00854.  In the complaint, the plaintiff alleges that our directors breached their fiduciary duties by failing to ensure that we had sufficient internal controls and systems for compliance with the FCPA.  Purportedly seeking relief on our behalf, the plaintiff seeks an award of unspecified compensatory and punitive damages, costs and expenses (including attorneys’ fees), and a declaration that our directors have breached their fiduciary duties.


Adverse changes in general domestic and worldwide economic conditions and instability and disruption of credit markets could adversely affect our operating results, financial condition or liquidity.


Recent global market and economic conditions have been unprecedented and challenging with tighter credit conditions, slower growth and recession in most major economies. Although signs of recovery may exist, there are continued concerns about the systemic impact of inflation, the availability and cost of credit, a declining real estate market and geopolitical issues that contribute to increased market volatility and uncertain expectations for the global economy. These conditions, combined with declining business activity levels and consumer confidence, increased unemployment and volatile oil prices, contributed to unprecedented levels of volatility in the capital markets in recent years.  Any additional, continued or recurring disruptions in the capital and credit markets may adversely affect our business, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.


As a result of these market conditions, the cost and availability of credit has been and may continue to be adversely affected by illiquid credit markets and wider credit spreads.  Concern about the stability of the markets generally and the strength of counterparties specifically has led many lenders and institutional investors to reduce, and in some cases, cease to provide credit to businesses and consumers.  These factors have led to a decrease in spending by businesses and consumers alike. Our customers and vendors may experience cash flow concerns and, as a result, customers may modify, delay or cancel plans to purchase our products and vendors may increase their prices, reduce their output or change terms of sales. Additionally, if customers’ or vendors’ operating and financial performance deteriorates, or if they are unable to make scheduled payments or obtain credit, customers may not be able to pay, or may delay payment of, amounts owed to us.


Vendors may restrict credit or impose less favorable payment terms.  Any inability of current and/or potential customers to pay us for our products or any demands by vendors for accelerated payment terms may adversely affect our earnings and cash flow.  Additionally, strengthening of the U.S. dollar associated with the global financial crisis may adversely affect the results of our international operations when those results are translated into U.S. dollars.



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Furthermore, the disruption in the credit markets could impede our access to capital, especially if we are unable to maintain our current credit ratings.  Should we have limited access to additional financing sources when needed, we may decide to defer capital expenditures or seek other higher cost sources of liquidity, which may or may not be available to us on acceptable terms.  Continued turbulence in the U.S. and international markets and economies, and prolonged declines in business and consumer spending may adversely affect our liquidity and financial condition, and the liquidity and financial condition of our customers, including our ability to refinance maturing liabilities and access the capital markets to meet liquidity needs.


We cannot assure you that we will be able to integrate acquired companies, products or technologies into our company successfully, or we may not be able to realize the anticipated benefits from the acquisitions.


As part of our overall business strategy, we pursue acquisitions of and investments in complementary companies, products and technologies.  In order to be successful in these activities, we must, among other things:


·

assimilate the operations and personnel of acquired companies;

·

retain acquired business customers;

·

minimize potential disruption to our ongoing business;

·

retain key technical and management personnel;

·

integrate acquired companies into our strategic and financial plans;

·

accurately assess the value of target companies, products and technologies;

·

comply with new regulatory requirements;

·

harmonize standards, controls, procedures and policies;

·

minimize the impact to our relationships with our employees and customers; and

·

assess, document and remediate any deficiencies in disclosure controls and procedures and

 

internal controls over financial reporting


The benefits of any acquisition may prove to be less than anticipated and may not outweigh the costs reported in our financial statements.  Completing any potential future acquisition could cause significant diversion of our management’s time and resources.  If we acquire new companies, products or technologies, we may be required to assume contingent liabilities or record impairment charges for goodwill and other intangible assets over time. We cannot assure you that we will successfully overcome these risks or any other problems we encounter in connection with any acquisitions, and any such acquisitions could adversely affect our business, financial position or operating results.


The industries and market segments in which we operate are highly competitive, and we may not be able to compete effectively with larger companies with greater financial resources than we have.


The life science and clinical diagnostics markets are each highly competitive. Some of our competitors have greater financial resources than we do and are less leveraged than we are, making them better equipped to license technologies and intellectual property from third parties or to fund research and development, manufacturing and marketing efforts. Moreover, competitive and regulatory conditions in many markets in which we operate restrict our ability to fully recover, through price increases, higher costs of acquired goods and services resulting from inflation and other drivers of cost increases.  Our competitors can be expected to continue to improve the design and performance of their  products and to introduce new products with competitive price and performance characteristics. Maintaining these advantages will require us to continue to invest in research and development, sales and marketing and customer service and support.  We cannot assure you that we will have sufficient resources to continue to make such investments or that we will be successful in maintaining such advantages.



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We have significant international operations which subject us to various risks such as general economic and market conditions in the countries in which we operate.


A significant portion of our sales are made outside of the United States. Our foreign subsidiaries generated 68% of our net sales for the quarter ended March 31, 2011.  Our international operations are subject to risks common to foreign operations, such as general economic and market conditions in the countries in which we operate, changes in governmental regulations, political instability, import restrictions, additional scrutiny over certain financial instruments and currency exchange rate risks.  We cannot assure you that shifts in currency exchange rates, especially significant strengthening of the U.S. dollar compared to the Euro, will not have a material adverse effect on our operating results and financial condition.


We are dependent on government funding and the capital spending programs of our customers, and the effect of healthcare reform on government funding and our customers’ ability to purchase our products is uncertain.


Our customers include universities, clinical diagnostics laboratories, government agencies, hospitals and pharmaceutical, biotechnology and chemical companies.  The capital spending programs of these institutions and companies have a significant effect on the demand for our products.  Such policies are based on a wide variety of factors, including the resources available to make such purchases, the availability of funding from grants by governments or government agencies, the spending priorities among various types of equipment and the policies regarding capital expenditures during industry downturns or recessionary periods.  If government funding to our customers were to decrease, or if our customers were to decrease or reallocate their budgets in a manner adverse to us, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected.


Healthcare reform and the growth of managed care organizations have been and continue to be significant factors in the clinical diagnostics market.  The trend towards managed care, together with healthcare reform of the delivery system in the United States and efforts to reform in Europe, has resulted in increased pressure on healthcare providers and other participants in the healthcare industry to reduce costs.  Consolidation among healthcare providers has resulted in fewer, more powerful groups, whose purchasing power gives them cost containment leverage.  These competitive forces place constraints on the levels of overall pricing, and thus could have a material adverse effect on our profit margins for products we sell in clinical diagnostics markets.  To the extent that the healthcare industry seeks to address the need to contain costs by limiting the number of clinical tests being performed, our results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.  If these changes in the healthcare markets in the United States and Europe continue, we could be forced to alter our approach in selling, marketing, distributing and servicing our products.


Our failure to improve our product offerings and develop and introduce new products may negatively impact our business.


Our future success depends on our ability to continue to improve our product offerings and develop and introduce new product lines and extensions that integrate new technological advances.  If we are unable to integrate technological advances into our product offerings or to design, develop, manufacture and market new product lines and extensions successfully and in a timely manner, our operating results will be adversely affected.  We cannot assure you that our product and process development efforts will be successful or that new products we introduce will achieve market acceptance.


If we experience a disruption of our information technology systems, or if we fail to successfully implement, manage and integrate our information technology and reporting systems, it could harm our business.


Our information technology (IT) systems are an integral part of our business, and a serious disruption of our IT systems could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.  We depend on our IT systems to process orders, manage inventory and collect accounts receivable.  Our IT systems also allow us to efficiently purchase products from our suppliers and ship products to our customers on a timely basis, maintain cost-effective operations and provide customer service.  We cannot assure you that our contingency plans will allow us to operate at our current level of efficiency.



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Our ability to implement our business plan in a rapidly evolving market requires effective planning, reporting and analytical processes.  We expect that we will need to continue to improve and further integrate our IT systems, reporting systems and operating procedures by training and educating our employees with respect to these improvements and integrations on an ongoing basis in order to effectively run our business.  If we fail to successfully manage and integrate our IT systems, reporting systems and operating procedures, it could adversely affect our business or operating results.


Risks relating to intellectual property rights may negatively impact our business.


We rely on a combination of copyright, trade secret, patent and trademark laws and third-party nondisclosure agreements to protect our intellectual property rights and products.  However, we cannot assure you that our intellectual property rights will not be challenged, invalidated, circumvented or rendered unenforceable, or that meaningful protection or adequate remedies will be available to us.  For instance, it may be possible for unauthorized third parties to copy our intellectual property, to reverse engineer or obtain and use information that we regard as proprietary, or to develop equivalent technologies independently.  Additionally, third parties may assert patent, copyright and other intellectual property rights to technologies that are important to us. If we are unable to license or otherwise access protected technology used in our products, or if we lose our rights under any existing licenses, we could be prohibited from manufacturing and marketing such products.  We may find it necessary to enforce our patents or other intellectual property rights or to defend ourselves against claimed infringement of the rights of others through litigation, which could result in substantial costs to us and divert our resources.  We also could incur substantial costs to redesign our products, to defend any legal action taken against us or to pay damages to an infringed party.  The foregoing matters could adversely impact our business.


We are subject to substantial government regulation.


Some of our products (primarily diagnostic products), production processes and marketing are subject to federal, state, local and foreign regulation, including the FDA and its foreign counterparts.  We are also subject to government regulation of the use and handling of a number of materials and controlled substances.  Failure to comply with present or future regulations could result in substantial liability to us, suspension or cessation of our operations, restrictions on our ability to expand at our present locations or require us to make significant capital expenditures or incur other significant expenses.


We are currently subject to environmental regulations and enforcement proceedings.


Our operations are subject to federal, state, local and foreign environmental laws and regulations that govern such activities as transportation of goods, emissions to air and discharges to water, as well as handling and disposal practices for solid, hazardous and medical wastes.  In addition to environmental laws that regulate our operations, we are also subject to environmental laws and regulations that create liability and clean-up responsibility for spills, disposals or other releases of hazardous substances into the environment as a result of our operations or otherwise impacting real property that we own or operate.  The environmental laws and regulations also subject us to claims by third parties for damages resulting from any spills, disposals or releases resulting from our operations or at any of our properties.


We may in the future incur capital and operating costs to comply with currently existing laws and regulations, and possible new statutory enactments, and these expenditures may be significant.  We have incurred, and may in the future incur, fines related to environmental matters and liability for costs or damages related to spills or other releases of hazardous substances into the environment at sites where we have operated, or at off-site locations where we have sent hazardous substances for disposal.  We can provide no assurance, however, that such matters or any future obligations to comply with environmental laws and regulations will not have a material impact on our operations or financial condition.



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Loss of key personnel could hurt our business.


Our products and services are highly technical in nature. In general, only highly qualified and trained scientists have the necessary skills to develop and market our products and provide our services. In addition, some of our manufacturing positions are highly technical.  We face intense competition for these professionals from our competitors, customers, marketing partners and other companies throughout our industry.  We generally do not enter into employment agreements requiring these employees to continue in our employment for any period of time.  Any failure on our part to hire, train and retain a sufficient number of qualified personnel could substantially damage our business.  Additionally, if we were to lose a sufficient number of our research and development scientists and were unable to replace them or satisfy our needs for research and development through outsourcing, it could adversely affect our business.


A significant majority of our voting stock is held by the Schwartz family, which could lead to conflicts of interest.


We have two classes of voting stock, Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. With a few exceptions, holders of Class A and Class B Common Stock vote as a single class.  When voting as a single class, each share of Class A Common Stock is entitled to one-tenth of a vote, while each share of Class B Common Stock has one vote.  In the election or removal of directors, the classes vote separately and the holders of Class A Common Stock are entitled to elect 25% of the Board of Directors, with holders of Class B Common Stock electing the remaining directors.


As of February 15, 2011, the Schwartz family collectively held approximately 16% of our Class A Common Stock and 90% of our Class B Common Stock.  As a result, the Schwartz family is able to elect a majority of the directors, effect fundamental changes in our direction and control matters affecting us, including the allocation of business opportunities that may be suitable for our company.  In addition, this concentration of ownership and voting power may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control of our company.


The Schwartz family may exercise its control over us according to interests that are different from other investors’ or debtors’ interests.


Our business could be adversely impacted if we have deficiencies in our disclosure controls and procedures or internal control over financial reporting.


The design and effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting may not prevent all errors, misstatements or misrepresentations.  We cannot assure you that our disclosure controls and procedures over internal control of financial reporting will be effective in accomplishing all control objectives all of the time. Deficiencies, particularly a material weakness in internal control over financial reporting, which may occur in the future could result in misstatements of our results of operations, restatements of our financial statements, a decline in our stock price, or otherwise materially adversely affect our business, reputation, results of operation, financial condition or liquidity.


Natural disasters, terrorist attacks or acts of war may cause damage or disruption to us and our employees, facilities, information systems, security systems, vendors and customers, which could significantly impact our net sales, costs and expenses, and financial condition.

We have significant manufacturing and distribution facilities, particularly in the western United States, France and Switzerland.  In particular, the western United States has experienced a number of earthquakes, wildfires, floods, landslides and other natural disasters in recent years.  The occurrences could damage or destroy our facilities which may result in interruptions to our business and losses that exceed our insurance coverage.  Terrorist attacks, such as those that occurred on September 11, 2001, have contributed to economic instability in the United States, and further acts of terrorism, bioterrorism, violence or war could affect the markets in which we operate, our business operations, our expectations and other forward-looking statements contained or incorporated in this document.  Any of these events could cause a decrease in our revenue, earnings and cash flows.



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We may incur losses in future periods due to write-downs in the value of financial instruments.


We have positions in a variety of financial instruments including asset backed securities and other similar instruments. Financial markets are quite volatile and the markets for these securities can be illiquid.  The value of these securities will continue to be impacted by external market factors including default rates, changes in the value of the underlying property, such as residential or commercial real estate, rating agency actions, the prices at which observable market transactions occur and the financial strength of various entities, such as financial guarantors who provide insurance for the securities.  Should we need to convert these positions to cash, we may not be able to sell these instruments without significant losses due to current debtor financial conditions or other market considerations.


We have substantial debt and have the ability to incur additional debt.  The principal and interest

payment obligations of such debt may restrict our future operations and impair our ability to meet

our obligations under our notes.


As of March 31, 2011 we and our subsidiaries have approximately $741.5 million of outstanding indebtedness.  In addition, we are permitted to incur additional debt provided we comply with the limitation on the incurrence of additional indebtedness and disqualified capital stock covenants contained in the indenture governing our Senior Subordinated Notes due 2016 (8.0% Notes).


The following chart shows certain important credit statistics.


 

At March 31, 2011

 

(in millions)

Total debt

 

 

$

741.5

 

Bio-Rad’s stockholders’ equity

 

 

$

1,612.3

 

Debt to equity ratio

 

 

 

0.5

 


Our incurrence of substantial amounts of debt may have important consequences.  For instance, it could:


·

make it more difficult for us to satisfy our financial obligations, including those relating to our

 

outstanding notes;

·

require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to the payment of

 

interest and principal due under our debt, including our outstanding notes, which will reduce funds

 

available for other business purposes;

·

increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions;

·

limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industries in

 

which we operate;

·

place us at a competitive disadvantage compared with some of our competitors that have less debt; and

·

limit our ability to obtain additional financing required to fund working capital and capital

 

expenditures and for other general corporate purposes.


Our ability to satisfy our obligations and to reduce our total debt depends on our future operating performance and on economic, financial, competitive and other factors, many of which are beyond our control.  Our business may not generate sufficient cash flow, and future financings may not be available to provide sufficient net proceeds, to meet these obligations or to successfully execute our business strategy.



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Our existing credit facility, the indenture governing our 8.0% Notes and the terms of our other debt instruments, including agreements we may enter in the future, contain or will contain covenants imposing significant restrictions on our business.  These restrictions may affect our ability to operate our business and may limit our ability to take advantage of potential business opportunities as they arise.  These covenants place restrictions on our ability to, among other things:


·

incur additional debt;

·

acquire other businesses or assets through merger or purchase;

·

create liens;

·

make investments;

·

enter into transactions with affiliates;

·

sell assets;

·

in the case of some of our subsidiaries, guarantee debt; and

·

declare or pay dividends, redeem stock or make other distributions to stockholders.


Our existing credit facility also requires that we meet certain financial tests and maintain certain financial ratios, including a maximum consolidated leverage ratio test, minimum consolidated interest coverage ratio test and a minimum net worth test.


Our ability to comply with these covenants may be affected by events beyond our control, including prevailing economic, financial and industry conditions.  The breach of any of these restrictions could result in a default.  An event of default under our debt agreements would permit some of our lenders to declare all amounts borrowed from them to be due and payable, together with accrued and unpaid interest.  If we were unable to repay debt to our senior secured lenders, these lenders could proceed against the collateral securing that debt.  The collateral is substantially all of our personal property assets, the assets of our domestic subsidiaries and 65% of the capital stock of certain of our foreign subsidiaries.  In addition, acceleration of our other indebtedness may cause us to be unable to make interest payments on our outstanding notes and repay the principal amount of our outstanding notes or may cause the future subsidiary guarantors, if any, to be unable to make payments under the guarantees.



Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds


None.


Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities


None.


 

Item 5. Other Information

 

None.



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Item 6. Exhibits

(a)  Exhibits

 

The following documents are filed as part of this report:

 

 

 

Exhibit

No.

 

 

 

 

 

31.1

 

Chief Executive Officer Section 302 Certification

 

 

 

31.2

 

Chief Financial Officer Section 302 Certification

 

 

 

32.1

 

Chief Executive Officer Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to

 

 

Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 

32.2

 

Chief Financial Officer Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to

 

 

Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 

101

 

The following materials from this report, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting

 

 

Language): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income, (ii) the Condensed

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets, (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows,

 

 

and (iv) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, tagged as blocks of text.



SIGNATURES



Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereto duly authorized.


 

BIO-RAD LABORATORIES, INC.

(Registrant)

 

 

 

 

Date:

May 6, 2011

 

/s/ Norman Schwartz

 

 

 

Norman Schwartz, President,

 

 

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

Date:

May 6, 2011

 

/s/ Christine A. Tsingos

 

 

 

Christine A. Tsingos, Vice President,

 

 

 

Chief Financial Officer




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