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EX-32.1 - NUTRA PHARMA CORPex32-1.htm
EX-31.1 - NUTRA PHARMA CORPex31-1.htm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

 

ANNUAL REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

 

TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _________ to ________

 

Commission File Number 000-32141

 

NUTRA PHARMA CORP.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

California   91-2021600
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or organization)
 

(IRS Employer

Identification Number)

 

1537 NW 65th Ave, Plantation, FL   33313
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (954) 509-0911

 

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:

 

Title of each class   Name of each exchange on which registered
None   None

 

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act:

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value

(Title of Class)

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

  Large accelerated filer ☐   Accelerated filer ☐
  Non-accelerated filer ☐ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)   Smaller reporting company ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Yes ☐ No ☒

 

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the registrant’s most recently completed second quarter: $5,045,180.

 

As of September 8, 2021, there were 7,267,619,714 shares of common stock and 3,000,000 shares of Series A preferred stock issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 
 

 

INDEX

 

Part I 3
Item 1. Business 3
Item 1A. Risk Factors 25
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 30
Item 2. Properties 30
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 31
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 32
     
Part II 33
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity; Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases
of Equity Securities
33
Item 6. Selected Financial Data 36
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 36
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 42
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 42
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 42
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 43
Item 9B. Other Information 43
     
Part III 44
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 44
Item 11. Executive Compensation 47
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 47
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 49
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services 50
     
Part IV 51
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules 51
     
  Signatures 52

 

Nutra Pharma Corp (“Nutra Pharma”) and its wholly owned subsidiaries, ReceptoPharm, Inc. (“ReceptoPharm”) and Designer Diagnostics Inc. are referred to herein as “we”, “our” or “us” (ReceptoPharm is also individually referred to herein).

 

Forward Looking Statements

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ending December 31, 2020 contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, most significantly, Item 7 (Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation), as well as assumptions that, if they never materialize or prove incorrect, could cause our results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. The words or phrases “would be,” “will allow, “intends to,” “will likely result,” “are expected to,” “will continue,” “is anticipated,” “estimate,” “project,” or similar expressions are intended to identify “forward-looking statements.” All statements other than statements of historical fact, are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements, including any projections of revenue, gross margin, expenses, earnings or losses from operations, synergies or other financial items; any statements of the plans, strategies and objectives of management for future operations; and any statement concerning developments, plans, or performance. Unless otherwise required by applicable law, we do not undertake and we specifically disclaim any obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect occurrences, developments, unanticipated events or circumstances after the date of such statement.

 

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PART I

 

Item 1. Business

 

Introduction

 

Nutra Pharma is a holding company that owns intellectual property and operates in the biotechnology industry. Nutra Pharma was incorporated under the laws of the state of California on February 1, 2000, under the original name of Exotic-Bird.com.

 

Through its wholly-owned subsidiary, ReceptoPharm, Nutra Pharma conducts drug discovery research and development activities. In October 2009, Nutra Pharma launched its first consumer product called Cobroxin®, an over-the-counter pain reliever designed to treat moderate to severe chronic pain. In May 2010, Nutra Pharma launched its second consumer product called Nyloxin®, an over-the-counter pain reliever that is a stronger version of Cobroxin® and is designed to treat severe chronic pain. In December 2014, we launched Pet Pain-Away, an over-the-counter pain reliever designed to treat pain in cats and dogs. In October 2019, we launched Equine Pain-Away, an over-the-counter topical pain reliever designed to treat pain in horses. In March of 2021, we launched Luxury Feet, an over-the-counter pain reliever and anti-inflammatory product that is designed for women who experience pain or discomfort due to high heels and stilettos.

 

We have conducted our operations since October 2003. We are a biopharmaceutical company that engages in the acquisition, licensing and commercialization of pharmaceutical products and technologies as well as homeopathic and ethical drugs for the management of pain, neurological disorders, cancer, autoimmune and infectious diseases. Homeopathic drugs are natural products that contain ingredients listed in the HPUS (Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States). An ethical drug is a licensed drug that has obtained Federal Drug Administration (“FDA”) approval after extensive pre-clinical and clinical testing. We seek strategic licensing partnerships to reduce the risks associated with the drug development process.

 

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Our wholly owned subsidiary and drug discovery arm, ReceptoPharm, has carried out our homeopathic and drug discovery research and clinical development and has fully developed four homeopathic drugs for the relief of pain:

 

  Nyloxin® and Nyloxin® Extra Strength
  Pet Pain-Away: an over-the-counter pain reliever designed to relieve pain in cats and dogs
  Equine Pain-Away: an over-the-counter topical pain reliever designed to relieve pain in horses
  Luxury Feet: an over-the-counter pain reliever designed to relieve foot pain from high heels and stilettos

 

Our business plan will continue its efforts to produce, market and distribute our Nyloxin®, Pet Pain-Away™, Equine Pain-Away™ and Luxury Feet™ branded products both domestically and internationally.

 

From October 2009 until December 31, 2020, our operations centered on the marketing of Cobroxin® (our discontinued product), Nyloxin® and Nyloxin® Extra Strength. In December of 2014, we launched Pet Pain-Away and began actively marketing the product. During fiscal year 2020, we earned revenues of $51,897, $48,242 of it was from sales of Nyloxin® and $3,655 of it was from sales of Pet Pain-Away. We launched Equine Pain-Away in October of 2019 and Luxury Feet officially launched distribution in March of 2021.

 

Additionally, the Company has developed two drug candidates:

 

  RPI-78M, to treat neurological diseases and autoimmune diseases, including; Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN), Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease), Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and Myasthenia Gravis; and
  RPI-MN, to treat viral diseases, including HIV/AIDS and Herpes.

 

The Company has developed proprietary therapeutic protein products primarily for the prevention and treatment of viral and neurological diseases, including Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and pain in humans. These potential products are subject to FDA approval.

 

We continue to identify biotechnology related intellectual property and companies with which we may potentially be able to enter into arrangements, agreements or to potentially acquire.

 

Industry Overview of the Pain Market

 

Pain is the most common symptom for patients seeking medical attention. Acute and chronic pain affects large numbers of Americans, with approximately 100 million U.S. adults burdened by chronic pain alone. The annual national economic cost associated with chronic pain is estimated to be $560-$635 billion. (Institute of Medicine, Relieving Pain in America, 2011).

 

According to the American Academy of Pain Medicine (AAPM), chronic pain affects approximately 1.5 billion people worldwide, on account of the high prevalence of cardiovascular disorders, cancer, and diabetes. Algomedix estimated the global sales for the treatment of chronic pain were $60 billion in 2015; and according to the market research report published by P&S Intelligence, the global chronic pain treatment market is expected to reach $105.9 billion by 2024. The market growth is primarily driven by the rising prevalence of chronic conditions, surging geriatric population, and increasing government support toward chronic pain management.

 

Our Products

 

Nyloxin®/Nyloxin® Extra Strength

 

We offer Nyloxin®/Nyloxin® Extra Strength as our over-the-counter (OTC) pain reliever that has been clinically proven to treat moderate to severe (Stage 2) chronic pain.

 

Nyloxin® and Nyloxin® Extra Strength are available as a two ounce topical gel for treating joint pain and pain associated with arthritis and repetitive stress, and as a one ounce oral spray for treating lower back pain, migraines, neck aches, shoulder pain, cramps, and neuropathic pain. Both the topical gel and oral spray are packaged and sold as a one-month supply.

 

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Nyloxin® and Nyloxin® Extra Strength offer several benefits as a pain reliever. With increasing concern about consumers using opioid and acetaminophen-based pain relievers, the Nyloxin® products provide an alternative that does not rely on opiates or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, otherwise known as NSAIDs, for their pain relieving effects. Nyloxin® also has a well-defined safety profile. Since the early 1930s, the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) of Nyloxin®, Asian cobra venom, has been studied in more than 46 human clinical studies. The data from these studies provide clinical evidence that cobra venom provides an effective treatment for pain with few side effects and has the following benefits:

 

  safe and effective;
  all natural;
  long-acting;
  easy to use;
  non-narcotic;
  non-addictive; and
  analgesic and anti-inflammatory.

 

Potential side effects from the use of Nyloxin® are rare, but may include headache, nausea, vomiting, sore throat, allergic rhinitis and coughing.

 

The primary difference between Nyloxin® and Nyloxin® Extra Strength is the dilution level of the venom. The approximate dilution levels for Nyloxin® and Nyloxin® Extra Strength are as follows:

 

Nyloxin®

 

  Topical Gel: 30 mcg/mL
  Oral Spray: 70 mcg/mL

 

Nyloxin® Extra Strength

 

  Topical Gel: 60 mcg/mL
  Oral Spray: 140 mcg/mL

 

In December 2011, we began marketing Nyloxin® and Nyloxin® Extra Strength at www.nyloxin.com. Both Nyloxin® and Nyloxin®Extra Strength are packaged in a roll-on container, squeeze bottle and as an oral spray. Additionally, Nyloxin® topical gel is available in an 8 ounce pump bottle.

 

We are currently marketing Nyloxin® and Nyloxin® Extra Strength as treatments for moderate to severe chronic pain. Nyloxin® is available as an oral spray for treating back pain, neck pain, headaches, joint pain, migraines, and neuralgia and as a topical gel for treating joint pain, neck pain, arthritis pain, and pain associated with repetitive stress. Nyloxin® Extra Strength is available as an oral spray and gel application for treating the same physical indications, but is aimed at treating the most severe (Stage 3) pain that inhibits one’s ability to function fully.

 

The Nyloxin products are available for sale on the www.Nyloxin.com website, the Nyloxin Amazon storefront at www.Amazon.com/nyloxin and on the Walmart Marketplace. Nyloxin is also sold in physician offices. Clinics and small-chain pharmacies.

 

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Nyloxin® Military Strength

 

In December 2012, we announced the availability of Nyloxin® Military Strength for sale to the United States Military and Veteran’s Administration. Over the past few years, the U.S. Department of Defense has been reporting an increase in the use and abuse of prescription medications, particularly opiates. In 2009, close to 3.8 million prescriptions for pain relievers were written in the military. This staggering number was more than a 400% increase from the number of prescriptions written in the military in 2001. But prescription drugs are not the only issue. The most common and seemingly harmless way to treat pain is with non–steroidal, anti–inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). But there are risks. Overuse can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, heartburn, ulcers and internal bleeding. In severe cases chest pain, heart failure, kidney dysfunction and life–threatening allergic reactions can occur. It is reported that approximately 7,600 people in America die from NSAID use and some 78,000 are hospitalized. Ibuprofen, also an NSAID has been of particular concern in the military. The terms “Ranger Candy” and “Military Candy” refer to the service men and women who are said to use 800mg doses of Ibuprofen to control their pain. But when taking anti–inflammatory Ibuprofen in high doses for chronic pain, there is potential for critical health risks; abuse can lead to serious stomach problems, internal bleeding and even kidney failure. There are significantly greater health risks when abuse of this drug is combined with alcohol intake. Our goal is that with Nyloxin®, we can greatly reduce the instances of opiate abuse and overuse of NSAIDS in high risk groups like the US military. The Nyloxin® Military Strength represents the strongest version of Nyloxin® available and is approximately twice as strong as Nyloxin® Extra Strength. We are working with outside consultants to register Nyloxin® Military Strength and the other Nyloxin® products for sale to the US government and the various arms of the military as well as the Veteran’s Administration. In February of 2018, Nyloxin was added to the Federal Supply Schedule but was subsequently removed the following week without an adequate explanation. We have continued to work with our consultants to understand why our products were improperly removed the Federal Supply Schedule and when we may be able to get re-listed on the Federal Supply Schedule for eventual sales to governmental agencies or to the US Military.

 

International Sales

 

We are pursuing international drug registrations in Canada, Mexico, India, Australia, New Zealand, Central and South America and Europe. Since European rules for homeopathic drugs are different than the rules in the US, we cannot estimate when this process will be completed. On March 25, 2013 we announced the publication of our patent and trademark for Nyloxin® in India. We are actively seeking new distribution partners in India.

 

On May 14, 2015 we announced that we had engaged the Nature’s Clinic to begin the process of regulatory approval of our Company’s Over–the–Counter pain drug, Nyloxin® for marketing and distribution in Canada. The Nature’s Clinic has already begun setting up their Chatham, Ontario warehouse. Due to lack of funding, we have waited to complete the approval process to begin distributing Nyloxin® and expect to re-engage in the process in 2021.

 

On February 1, 2018 we announced a Distribution Agreement with the Australian company, Pharmachal PTY LTD to market and distribute Nyloxin® in Australia and New Zealand. Pharmachal has begun the registration process with the TGA (Therapeutic Goods Administration). At this time, we do not know if our products will qualify for TGA registration and cannot provide a timeline for the eventual distribution in Australia.

 

Additionally, we plan to complete several human clinical studies aimed at comparing the ability of Nyloxin® Extra Strength to replace prescription pain relievers. We have provided protocols to several hospitals and will provide details and timelines when those protocols have been accepted. We cannot provide any timeline for these studies until adequate financing is available.

 

To date, our marketing efforts have been limited due to lack of funding. As sales increase, we plan to begin marketing more aggressively to increase the sales and awareness of our products.

 

Pet Pain–Away™

 

During June of 2013, we announced the launch of our new homeopathic formula for the treatment of chronic pain in companion animals, Pet Pain–Away™. Pet Pain–Away™ is a homeopathic, non–narcotic, non–addictive, over–the–counter pain reliever, primarily aimed at treating moderate to severe chronic pain in companion animals. It is specifically indicated to treat pain from hip dysplasia, arthritis pain, joint pain, and general chronic pain in dogs and cats. The initial product run was completed in December of 2014 and launched through Lumaxa Distributors on December 19, 2014.

 

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In May of 2016, we signed a license agreement to begin the process of creating an infomercial (Direct Response) campaign for Pet Pain–Away™. In November of 2016, we announced the license agreement with DEG Productions for the marketing and distribution of Pet Pain–Away globally. DEG has the ability to earn the exclusive distribution rights for the product by reaching certain sales milestones. DEG has created their own website (www.getpetpainaway.com) and began airing commercials in December of 2016.

 

In February of 2020, we took back the marketing of Pet Pain-Away and are currently selling the product on Amazon.com and through www.petpainaway.com

 

Luxury Feet

 

In June of 2017, we announced the creation of Luxury Feet; an over–the–counter pain reliever and anti–inflammatory product that is designed for women who experience pain or discomfort due to high heels and stilettos. We announced the official marketing launch of Luxury Feet in March of 2021. The product is currently available through www.luxuryfeet.com and on Amazon.

 

Equine Pain-Away (Formerly Equine Nyloxin)

 

In October of 2013, we announced that we were in the process of launching the newest addition to our line of homeopathic treatments for chronic pain, Equine Nyloxin. We had been working with trainers and veterinarians in the equine industry and have already identified distributors for the product. The Equine Nyloxin® represents the Company’s first topical solution for the animal market. Equine Nyloxin was rebranded as Equine Pain-Away™ and officially rolled into the market in October of 2019. Equine Pain-Away is being marketed through several retailers and online at www.EquinePainAway.com and on Amazon.

 

Regulation

 

The active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) in our over the counter products, Asian cobra venom, has an approved United States monograph under the Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States (HPUS), which allowed us to register them with the FDA as homeopathic drugs. A United States monograph is a prescribed formulation for the production of any drug or product that is recognized by law for a specific application and that may be introduced into commerce. The FDA requires this registration process to maintain full compliance of companies marketing and selling medicines classified as homeopathic. In August 2009, we successfully completed submission of final packaging and labeling to the FDA to begin selling our over-the-counter pain reliever, Cobroxin®. In December 2009, we completed our submission of final packaging and labeling to the FDA of Nyloxin® and Nyloxin® Extra Strength. In December 2016 we completed our submission of final packaging and labeling to the FDA of Pet Pain-Away.

 

On March 11, 2019, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) sent us a warning letter regarding the claims and marketing materials of our Nyloxin line of products. On April 10, 2019 we responded to the warning letter; addressing their concerns and outlining the actions that we have taken and will take to comply with their requests for changes. The response goes on to commit to the FDA that the company will make the changes necessary to properly and legally continue to market and distribute our products.

 

Manufacturing

 

ReceptoPharm oversees Nyloxin’s and Pet Pain-Away’s manufacturing activities, both at its Good Manufacturing Practice (“GMP”) certified facility and at a third-party manufacturing and bottling facility. ReceptoPharm is also responsible for acquiring appropriate amounts of Asian cobra venom required to manufacture Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away.

 

Subject to availability of funds, ReceptoPharm also plans to begin additional clinical studies for our pain relievers. These studies will be designed to compare the efficacy of Nyloxin® Extra Strength to other prescription strength pain relievers. A ReceptoPharm study published in Toxicon, which is the journal of the International Society of Toxinology, showed that ReceptoPharm’s leading drug product for the treatment of pain (RPI-78) had pain-reducing effects that lasted four times as long as morphine without the negative side effects associated with opioid-based pain relievers. Another study published in the journal Neuropharmacology showed a new mechanism on the use of Alpha-Cobratoxin as a treatment for pain. Alpha-Cobratoxin is the main component of the cobra venom used in Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away.

 

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The FDA requires those companies manufacturing homeopathic medicines to have their facilities certified as GMP. As of October 2005, ReceptoPharm’s manufacturing and laboratory facility has been fully compliant with its GMP certification. In March 2009, ReceptoPharm received an ISO Class 5 certification for its clean room facility. An ISO Class 5 certification is a type of classification granted for a clean room facility according to the number and size of particles permitted per volume of air. An ISO Class 5 clean room has at most, 3,500 particles per square meter.

 

Manufacturing Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away entails a two-step process, the first of which consists of ReceptoPharm manufacturing the bulk raw materials and completing the dilution levels of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (“API”) as provided for in the Homeopathic Pharmacopeia of the United States, which is a compilation of continuously updated statements of Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia standards and monographs as recognized by that organization. Once this process is completed, the second step entails transport of raw materials to a third-party manufacturer that completes the final mixing, bottling and shipping processes.

 

We began limited manufacturing of Nyloxin® in November 2010. We scaled up manufacturing in the first quarter of 2011. Our production level is contingent upon product demand level and we can scale up as sales demand increases. We began manufacturing Pet Pain-Away in late 2014 and completed the first run of products for distribution on December 19, 2014. We are currently expanding production capacity in our facility to allow spot production of our products and future private label brands.

 

Marketing and Distribution

 

In August 2009, we completed an agreement with XenaCare granting them the exclusive license to market and distribute Cobroxin® within the United States. To maintain this market exclusivity, XenaCare was required to meet certain minimum performance requirements. On April 1, 2011, we notified our Cobroxin® Distributor, XenaCare Holdings that they were in breach of our agreement. As a result of this, the distribution agreement was terminated effective April 10, 2011. XenaCare had a large stock of the product that they had ordered from us and we have allowed them to continue to market their existing inventory of Cobroxin®. In October 2011 we discontinued their website at www.Cobroxin.com. All current traffic to that website is now redirected to www.Nyloxin.com. It is our plan to eventually re-launch Cobroxin® with an eventual return to retail stores.

 

In December of 2013, we announced an agreement with MyNyloxin.com for the exclusive rights to market and distribute Nyloxin® in the Network Marketing channel. In November of 2014, MyNyloxin.com changed their name to Lumaxa. They provide a business opportunity to their Distributors to earn commissions on the sale of our products through their Distributor groups. In January of 2014, we announced the first product shipments to the MyNyloxin Independent Entrepreneurs (MIEs). Lumaxa conducts webinars, conference calls and live meetings to support recruitment of new distributors as well as to provide product and business education.

 

In May of 2016, we signed a license agreement to begin the process of creating an infomercial (Direct Response) campaign for Pet Pain-Away™. In November of 2016, we announced the license agreement with DEG Productions for the marketing and distribution of Pet Pain-Away globally. DEG has the ability to earn the exclusive distribution rights for the product by reaching certain sales milestones. DEG has created their own website (www.getpetpainaway.com) and began airing commercials in December of 2016. In February of 2020, we took back the marketing of Pet Pain-Away and are currently selling the product on Amazon.com and through www.petpainaway.com

 

In late 2019 we created our own storefront on Amazon at www.Amazon.com/nyloxin. In August of 2020, we added Pet Pain-Away to the Amazon site. In March of 2021, we added Luxury Feet and Equine Pain-Away to our Amazon storefront. In November of 2020, our Nyloxin line of products was added to the Walmart Marketplace and sold online at www.Walmart.com.

 

We are continuing our efforts to find strategic partnerships for the promotion, marketing, registration, licensing and sales of our products domestically and internationally.

 

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Dependence on one or a Few Major Customers

 

With respect to Nyloxin®, Nyloxin® Extra Strength and Pet Pain-Away, we have been distributing the products online and to various retailers. We are seeking both domestic and international distributors for these products. It may be that a larger distributor may require exclusivity in the US or any particular foreign market. If so, we would be dependent on that distributor for those Nyloxin® sales.

 

International Drug Registrations

 

We are continuing our efforts to complete the registration process internationally. On March 25, 2013 we announced the publication of our patent and trademark for Nyloxin® in India. We are currently working with potential Distributors in India. In February, 2015 we completed the first test shipments to India through our importer, S.Zhaveri Pharmakem. We are actively seeking new distribution partners in India. In April of 2015 we announced the engagement of the Vancouver Commodity Group to identify potential distribution partners in China. Later that month, we announced the acceptance of Nyloxin® by the China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Healthcare (CPAM). With this approval, we have been working with several groups to find a large distributor for our products in the People’s Republic of China. On May 14, 2015 we announced that we had engaged the Nature’s Clinic to begin the process of regulatory approval of our Company’s Over-the-Counter pain drug, Nyloxin® for marketing and distribution in Canada. The Nature’s Clinic has already begun setting up their Chatham, Ontario warehouse. Due to lack of funding, we have waited to complete the approval process to begin distributing Nyloxin® and expect to re-engage in the process in 2021. On February 1, 2018 we announced a Distribution Agreement with the Australian company, Pharmachal PTY LTD to market and distribute Nyloxin® in Australia and New Zealand. Pharmachal has begun the registration process with the TGA (Therapeutic Goods Administration). We will continue to work with them through the registration process but have no current timetable for distribution in Australia.

 

While many countries adopt similar regulation to the United States for registering homeopathic drugs, the international application process is more complex and may be lengthier. We will continue to seek qualified, well-funded distributors for the international distribution of Cobroxin®, Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away. At this time, we have no way of knowing when we may begin the process of marketing and distributing our products internationally as we navigate the regulatory process and seek qualified distributors.

 

ReceptoPharm’s Homeopathic Drug Pain Relief Studies

 

Pending adequate financing or revenues, we will continue our research and development into this area, with the ultimate goal of improving product claims for Nyloxin® Extra Strength, which is a treatment for stage 3 pain. We have planned the following three studies and will pursue these pending adequate financing:

 

MS Neuropathic Pain Phase IV

 

This is a planned 10-week patient trial period. We have thus far incurred costs of $5,000 with a total estimated budget of $130,000. We plan to reinitiate this trial pending adequate funding.

 

Chronic Back Pain Phase I

 

We will continue our research and development in this area, with the ultimate goal of completing development of our future product, Recet, which is an injectable version of Cobratoxin. This is a planned 4-week patient trial period. We have thus far incurred costs of $25,000 in prior years with a total estimated budget of $250,000. We plan to reinitiate this trial pending adequate funding.

 

Chronic Back Pain Phase IV

 

We will continue our research and development, with this ultimate goal of improving product claims for Nyloxin® Extra Strength, which is a treatment for stage 3 pain. This is a planned 4-week patient trial period. We have an estimated budget of $250,000. We have not yet incurred any costs associated with the Chronic Back Pain Phase IV project. We plan to reinitiate this trial pending adequate funding.

 

All of these studies have been delayed due to our lack of revenues and funding. We will reassess our start and completion dates upon generating a sufficient amount of revenues, if ever.

 

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ReceptoPharm – Research and Development

 

ReceptoPharm was engaged in the research and development of novel anticholinergic therapeutic protein products for the treatment of autoimmune and neurologic disorders, including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN), Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and pain.

 

Drug Applications

 

We have set forth below a summary of ReceptoPharm’s proposed drugs and their potential applications.

 

Drug   Potential Applications
RPI-78M   MS, AMN, Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), Myasthenia Gravis (MG) and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
RPI-MN   HIV, Herpes, general anti-viral applications
RPI-78   Pain, Arthritis
RPI-70   Pain

 

We believe that ReceptoPharm’s pharmaceutical products have a wide range of applications in a number of chronic, inherited and/or life-threatening viral, autoimmune and neuromuscular degenerative diseases, even though none of these products have FDA or other approval for the treatment of such diseases. These disorders target nerve cells, especially one specific type of cell receptor that is sensitive to the neurotransmitter, acetylcholine, which plays an important role in the transmission of nerve impulses at synapses and myoneural (muscle-nerve) junctions.

 

Primary Disease Targets

 

Through ReceptoPharm’s research program, our goal is to obtain required regulatory approvals of ReceptoPharm’s HIV, MS, and AMN products, so that they can be marketed. In September of 2015 we were granted Orphan Designation by the US-FDA for the treatment of Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis. The Orphan designation may greatly reduce the costs of clinical trials and shorten the timeline to potential drug approval. ReceptoPharm secures confidentiality agreements prior to initiating contract research in order to protect any patentable opportunities.

 

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection

 

The analytic firm ResearchAndMarketing.com reported in March 2021 that the HIV therapeutics market was valued at $22.9B in 2019. The launch of long-acting injectable therapies and continued success of single-tablet regimens (STRs) will drive growth in the market, which will expand at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 2%. By 2029, sales of anti-HIV therapeutics will reach $28B. According to UNAIDS, an estimated 38 million people were living with HIV in 2019. There were 1.7 million new infections in 2019 and 690,000 people died of AIDS-related illnesses. Since the beginning of the epidemic, more than 75.7 million people have contracted HIV and nearly 33 million have died of HIV-related causes. Experts say that the drugs currently available may extend life as much as 40 years, but all of these therapies have negative side effects and fail over time as the virus mutates. These facts make new therapies a necessity. The foregoing information was obtained from the World Health Organization website at www.who.int and the UNAIDS website at www.unaids.org.

 

To cause infection, HIV needs to gain entry into cells through the attachment to receptors on the cell membrane. These receptors are called chemokine receptors. There are two principal types, CCR5 and CXCR4. Different HIV strains use one of these types. A single drug that would block all of the chemokine receptors (“tropism-independent”) could be more useful, for several reasons, than a mixture of molecules that would have to be used to do the same.

 

HIV infection therapy currently uses antiviral drug therapies that are associated with the virus’s attachment, fusion with and entry into the host cell. At the present time, there are over 40-licensed antiretroviral drugs employed to combat HIV-1 infection and two licensed by the FDA that act as binding/entry inhibitory drugs.

 

New drugs and adjunct therapies with novel mechanisms of action or unique resistance profiles are needed in the fight against HIV. Constant innovation, in terms of efficacy, side effect profile and dosing are occurring. Current research and development for HIV is focused on adjunctive therapy, which when combined with existing HAART (Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy) regimens reduce side effects, enhance the efficacy of existing treatments and delay the progression of the HIV virus.

 

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Both of ReceptoPharm’s drugs inhibited HIV replication in MAGI cells by 50-60% and peripheral mononuclear cells by 90% in testing conducted by Dr. Juan Lama of the La Jolla Institute for Molecular Medicine in San Diego, California. Separate Phase I studies by Cure Aids Now of Miami, Florida, were conducted by Dr. Jamal with orally and parentally administered RPI-78M in HIV patients confirmed safety, tolerability and provided preliminary evidence of efficacy.

 

RPI-MN demonstrated the ability to inhibit the replication of highly drug-resistant strains of HIV isolates. Drug resistance has become a critical factor in long-term management of HIV infection with some viral strains developing resistance in as little as 3 weeks.

 

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

 

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is thought to be an autoimmune disease that primarily causes central nervous system problems. In MS, the insulating fatty material surrounding the nerve fibers, also known as myelin, which functions to speed signaling from one end of the nerve cell to the other, is attacked by cells of the immune system causing problems in signal transduction. MS is the most common of demyelinating disorders, having a prevalence of approximately 1 per 1,000 persons in most of the United States and Europe. According to the Accelerated Cure Project for Multiple Sclerosis, a national nonprofit organization, 400,000 people in the US are affected by MS and another 2.1 million globally, with 10,000 new cases diagnosed in the US every year. According to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, although MS occurs most commonly in adults, it is also diagnosed in children and adolescents. Estimates suggest that 8,000-10,000 children (up to 18 years old) in the United States have MS, and another 10,000-15,000 have experienced at least one symptom suggestive of MS. Studies suggest that two to five percent of all people with MS have a history of symptom onset before age 18.

 

People with MS may experience diverse signs and symptoms. MS symptoms may include pain, fatigue, cognitive impairment, tremors, loss of coordination and muscle control, loss of touch sensation, slurred speech and vision impairment. The course of the disease is unpredictable and for most MS patients, the disease initially manifests a “relapsing-remitting” pattern. Periods of apparent stability are punctuated by acute exacerbations that are sudden unpredictable episodes that might involve impaired vision, diminished ability to control a limb, loss of bladder control, or a great variety of other possible neurologic deficits. In relapsing-remitting MS, some or all of the lost function returns, however, the patient sustains an unceasing, often insidious, accumulation of neuronal damage. As the burden of neural damage grows, new lesions are more likely to produce irreversible impairment of function. Typically, about eight to fifteen years after onset, MS patients enter the secondary-progressive phase. Eventually, progressive MS sufferers become wheelchair-bound, and may become blind and even incapable of speech. There is currently no FDA approved drug that reverses the course of the progressive form of MS.

 

RPI-78M has shown efficacy in animal models (EAE) for MS and ReceptoPharm is planning new animal studies to gain more insight into the levels of protection that the drugs afford. In one study conducted in August 2007, all members of an untreated animal control group developed signs of disease with different levels of paralysis/muscle weakness. A similar group in the August 2007 study treated with RPI-78M showed no disease in 90% of the animals in both acute and chronic applications of the test. Moreover, there were no toxicities reported though the animals which received doses the equivalent of 280 times a human dose.

 

Furthermore, we believe that the ability to modulate the host immunostimulatory environment could form the basis of an effective strategy for the long-term control of autoimmunity in diseases like MS and Myasthenia gravis (MG) and is being studied as a therapeutic model for other neuromuscular diseases. Also, we believe our data suggest that it is possible that our novel therapeutic proteins could have a general application in autoimmune diseases based on human studies in Rheumatoid Arthritis and anecdotal reports from patients with Multiple Sclerosis.

 

In August of 1984, Biogenix applied for and received an Intrastate Investigational Drug (FSDHRS Protocol RA-1 (002)) from the Department of Health and Rehabilitation (HRS) in Florida that permitted the 4-week study of RPI-MN in 13 patients with Rheumatoid arthritis ranging in age from 49 to 81. Patients were enrolled for a period of 4 weeks; the results showed 30% to 49% improvement in range of joint motion, early morning stiffness and stamina (this data, along with other supporting intellectual property was acquired by ReceptoPharm from Biogenix). We believe that the data obtained from the examination of clinical efficacy in these three diseases can augment information from prior clinical studies and lead to the future investigation of treatments for other chronic conditions.

 

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Adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN), Pediatric MS and other Orphan Indications

 

Adrenoleukodystrophy, or ALD, is a genetically determined neurological disorder that, according to the Adrenoleukodystrophy Foundation, affects 1 in every 17,900 boys worldwide. The presentation of symptoms occurs between the ages of 4 and 10, and affects the brain with demyelination, which is the stripping away of the fatty coating that keeps nerve pulses confined and maintains the integrity of nerve signals. This process inhibits the nerves’ ability to conduct properly, which causes neurological deficits, including visual disturbances, auditory discrimination, impaired coordination, dementia and seizures. Demyelination is an inflammatory response and nerve cells throughout the brain are destroyed.

 

Adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) is the most common form of X-ALD, a maternally inherited type of ALD. AMN affects about 40-45% of X-ALD patients and usually presents itself in adolescence or adult life and may be preceded by hypoadrenalism. It is characterized by spastic paraplegia and a peripheral neuropathy, often being diagnosed as Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Nerve conduction studies in AMN show a predominant axonal neuropathy and show a loss of all axons. Lorenzo’s oil, a mixture of glyceryltrioleate and glyceryltrierucate, has been used for over a decade in an open, unblinded fashion with mixed results.

 

RPI-78M has been utilized in two clinical studies, which were completed at the Charles Dent Metabolic Unit located in London, England. The last trial was classified as a Phase IIb/IIIa study. These studies provided important safety data, showing RPI-78M to be well tolerated by the patients. Further study is warranted to provide data on the potential efficacy of RPI-78M to treat the symptoms of AMN.

 

In September of 2015, we were granted Orphan Designation by the US-FDA for the treatment of Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis. We are currently working with potential sites of care to conduct a Phase I/II in Pediatric MS. The designation of RPI-78M as an Orphan Drug provides Nutra Pharma with a 7-year period of market exclusivity in the U.S. once the drug is approved. Additional benefits over conventional drug applications include: tax credits for clinical research costs, the ability to apply for grant funding, clinical trial design assistance, plus assistance from the FDA in the drug development process and the waiver of Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) filing fees which could be in excess of $2.5 million. The granting of Orphan Drug Designation allows the Company to move forward with their preparation of an Investigative New Drug Application and proposal of clinical trials. The FDA grants Orphan Drug Designation status to products that treat rare diseases, providing incentives to sponsors developing drugs or biologics. According to the FDA, the Orphan Drug program has successfully enabled the development and marketing of more than 400 drugs and biologic products for rare diseases since 1983. Evaluate Ltd., in its 2020 EvaluatePharma Orphan Drug Report, estimated that orphan drug sales will constitute more than 18% of the total share of prescription drug sales by 2024, totaling $217bn.

 

In December of 2015, we announced that we had applied for an Orphan Drug designation from the US-FDA for the Company’s RPI-78M drug candidate for the treatment of Myasthenia Gravis (MG). The application was subsequently rejected with an offer to re-file in the future as more data becomes available.

 

Pain and Arthritis

 

Protein or peptide-based drugs are penetrating the pain market with neurotoxins taking the lead. Botox (Allergan) and Prialt (Elan) have the potential to substitute over the long-term for morphine and other opiates in chronic pain indications. Opiates, though potent painkillers, suffer from drawbacks because they are addictive, short acting, and drug-resistance inducing. We plan to assess the effects of several peptides in animal models of pain in association with Soochow University in China. Several peptides have demonstrated positive effects and the research and development continues.

 

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August 2007 studies at Soochow University proved the potential of ReceptoPharm’s drug candidates, RPI-78 and RPI-70. When compared to Dolantin, an opiate-based drug subordinate to morphine, the effects were very encouraging. While Dolantin provided immediate pain relief it began wearing off just as RPI-70 began to take effect. The effects of RPI-70 do not seem dramatic in contrast to Dolantin, considering the quantity of drug employed in this animal model. The concentration of RPI-70 was approximately 100 times less than the opiate product. Also, RPI-70 showed real potential for combining with other pain killing medications. RPI-78 was calculated to be 150,000 times more potent than aspirin. This product can be injected systemically providing evidence of a more practical application than Prialt, which must be administered intrathecally (into the spinal cord). Opiate drugs induce tolerance and dependence. This problem is not encountered with RPI-70 and RPI-78.

 

In February 2009, ReceptoPharm filed a patent application with the United States Patent and Trademark Office for the use of RPI-78 as a novel method for treating arthritis in humans. Also in February 2009, ReceptoPharm, in collaboration with Soochow University in China published positive data from its recent animal studies on the use of RPI-78 (Cobratoxin) as a method for treating arthritis. In March of 2011, ReceptoPharm was issued a patent for the use of cobratoxin as an analgesic (US patent #7,902,152). In February of 2012, ReceptoPharm, in collaboration with Soochow University published another study that demonstrated a novel mechanism of action for the use of RPI-78 as a treatment for pain.

 

Nerve Agent Countermeasures

 

In February of 2018, we announced that we had filed a new provisional patent to protect our intellectual property surrounding the development of nerve agent counter measures. In much the same way that our therapies protect the nerves of patients with disease, our findings indicate that we may protect against – or at least mitigate the damage caused by - nerve agents that are utilized as chemical weapons; such as sarin gas and VX. We will be working with experts in the field to have our products in testing shortly.

 

Nerve agents are identified as a class of phosphorus-containing organic chemicals (organophosphates) that may disrupt the transfer of messages to organs through the nerves. This disruption is caused by the over-stimulation of certain receptors on the surface of the neurons. These same receptors are the target of Nutra Pharma’s drugs, which may block the action of the nerve agents or minimize the damage that they may cause.

 

The company has very encouraging preclinical data, a demonstrated molecular mechanism of action and a robust scientific rational for the continued commercial development of its nerve agent counter measure. Organophosphate nerve agents such as VX and Sarin remain a troubling threat to American service people and civilians as evidenced by the recent attacks in Syria, Malaysia and London. Supply chain issues with existing counter measures and the safety and effectiveness of these drugs is a great concern. Based on our pre-clinical studies and experience in neurobiology products, we believe that we have a superior product ready for testing in the near term.

 

On September 22, 2020, Dr. Dale VanderPutten, our Chief Scientific Officer was invited by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) to present our nerve agent countermeasure technology in a Tech Watch talk to an audience of military and civilian experts in chem/bio defense. The talk titled “A Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor (nAChR) Directed Organophosphate Countermeasure” was presented in a virtual internet meeting to a select expert audience invited by DTRA. The consensus of the comments and questions on the presentation supported the idea that despite past efforts, there remains an unmet need for nAChR directed defenses and that our demonstration of human safety in the clinic and pre-clinical proof of concept deserves aggressive follow up.

 

According to a BBC report, chemical weapons remain a real threat to the West. In the nine-year period since the beginning of the Syrian conflict there have been over a thousand documented uses of chemical weapons; making this issue a major topic of concern in the US department of Defense and the United Nations.

 

Market Values

 

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

 

The analytic firm ResearchAndMarketing.com reported in March 2021 that the HIV therapeutics market was valued at $22.9B in 2019. The launch of long-acting injectable therapies and continued success of single-tablet regimens (STRs) will drive growth in the market, which will expand at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 2%. By 2029, sales of anti-HIV therapeutics will reach $28B. According to UNAIDS, an estimated 38 million people were living with HIV in 2019. There were 1.7 million new infections in 2019 and 690,000 people died of AIDS-related illnesses. Since the beginning of the epidemic, more than 75.7 million people have contracted HIV and nearly 33 million have died of HIV-related causes. Experts say that the drugs currently available may extend life as much as 40 years, but all of these therapies have negative side effects and fail over time as the virus mutates. These facts make new therapies a necessity. The foregoing information was obtained from the World Health Organization website at www.who.int and the UNAIDS website at www.unaids.org.

 

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

 

MS affects an estimated 2.5 million people globally with approximately 400,000 sufferers in the United States. There are 12 approved drugs for the treatment of this disease. According to an April 2015 article published in the journal Neurology, the average annual cost of these drugs has increased to over $60,000 per person. In 2013, sales by one manufacturer, Teva, were reported to be $4.328 billion for its drug, Copaxone. Biogen has the largest market share in the MS drug category; bringing in $8 billion from the sales of Avonex, Tysabri and Tecfidera. The global multiple sclerosis therapeutics market is expected to reach USD 24.8 billion by 2024 according to a May, 2016 report by Grand View Research, Inc.

 

Adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN)

 

AMN/ALD affects an estimated 30,000 people in the US with some estimates exceeding this number.

 

Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (pediatric-MS)

 

According to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, although MS occurs most commonly in adults, it is also diagnosed in children and adolescents. Estimates suggest that 8,000-10,000 children (up to 18 years old) in the United States have MS, and another 10,000-15,000 have experienced at least one symptom suggestive of MS. Studies suggest that two to five percent of all people with MS have a history of symptom onset before age 18.

 

Myasthenia Gravis (MG)

 

According to the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America, the prevalence of MG in the United States is estimated to be about 64,000 patients. However, MG is probably under diagnosed and the prevalence may be higher.

 

Current Technologies

 

ReceptoPharm, operating in its capacity as a clinical stage biotechnology company, created a process that safely modifies proteins derived from cobra venom. ReceptoPharm also has rights to a drug delivery method that uses an aerosol formulation, which is administered under the tongue. By using this shared aerosol delivery technology, oral delivery is attainable, an important step for a biologic product. The system is 50% efficient and affects drug delivery in approximately 40% of patients in which it was tested. Topical preparations are being examined for future applications in treatment of such conditions as pain and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).

 

Business Strategy

 

Pending adequate financing or revenues, ReceptoPharm seeks to develop proprietary pharmaceutical products for human illnesses that qualify for “Fast-Track” or “Orphan Drug” status under FDA regulations, which can expedite regulatory review. For some conditions, the FDA has created the “two animal rule” which permits ReceptoPharm to collect data from ongoing animal research for human treatment applications.

 

We believe the results from ReceptoPharm’s research will assist in getting its applications processed through the FDA’s “Fast-Track” approval process and enable ReceptoPharm to plan the commercialization of each product independently and/or through joint ventures, partnerships and licensing arrangements. “Fast-Track” denotes life-threatening illnesses, while “Orphan” status refers to serious ailments affecting less than 200,000 individuals nationwide. AMN qualifies under both labels because it is considered an orphan disease and has no known cure. Pediatric MS and Myasthenia Gravis are also considered “Orphan” diseases because of the disease prevalence as well as the lack of effective therapies.

 

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In the areas of HIV and MS, ReceptoPharm plans to conduct clinical studies of its HIV and MS drugs under development. These “Phase II” studies will either prove or disprove the preliminary efficacy of ReceptoPharm’s HIV and MS drugs under development. ReceptoPharm is in the process of attempting to secure agreements with third parties to conduct such clinical studies.

 

We believe that ReceptoPharm’s proposed unique pharmaceutical products can be used alone or licensed for use in combination with other therapeutic products and may be of interest to other established pharmaceutical companies as a means of extending the patent life of their proprietary products.

 

Short-term Goal

 

Although we focused our drug development efforts from 2006 to 2008 on clinical trials for ReceptoPharm’s HIV drug, RPI-MN, our primary focus now is on RPI-78M for the treatment of MS and MG. With the recent Orphan designation for Pediatric MS, we expect to move into Phase I/II clinical studies by the end of 2021.

 

Mid-term Goal

 

Our midterm strategy is to license ReceptoPharm’s AMN, MS and HIV technologies in our attempt to bring these technologies to market within 5 years, should we obtain adequate financing.

 

Long-Term Goal

 

Our long-term goal is the use of drugs developed by ReceptoPharm in the field of neurological diseases, infectious diseases and autoimmune disorders. Due to our limited financial and operational resources, this goal will require us to establish strategic partners or alliances with pharmaceutical companies, academic institutions, biotechnology companies, and clinical diagnostic laboratories, which will: (a) complement ReceptoPharm’s research and development efforts; (b) reduce the risks associated with undertaking the entire process of drug development and marketing; and (c) generate licensing based revenue streams. Additionally, we plan to continue identifying intellectual property and companies in the biotechnology arena as potential acquisition candidates.

 

Compassionate Release Programs

 

Certain countries, such as Canada and the United Kingdom, permit their citizens to have access to investigational medications without being approved for any applications by their respective “FDA type” agencies, and permit physicians to prescribe drugs they believe are of possible benefits to the patients. Through these “Compassionate Release Programs”, ReceptoPharm has supplied RPI-78M, its drug under investigation for MS and AMN, to physicians in the United Kingdom. The FDA does not offer this program.

 

Clinical Trial Applications

 

ReceptoPharm has developed Common Technical Documents (CTD) for both RPI-78M and RPI-MN that are used to support any clinical trial application. The CTD is a complete history of the individual drug, including all of the in-vitro and in-vivo work accomplished to date, as well as pre-clinical development work on the drug. Having these completed documents allows for expedited due diligence from regulatory bodies reviewing ReceptoPharm’s applications for trials and approvals. With these documents, ReceptoPharm has successfully applied for approval to conduct a clinical investigation in the United Kingdom under the regulation of the Medicines Health and Regulatory Agency (MHRA), which is the British equivalent of the US-FDA.

 

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Current Research and Development Projects

 

Neurological Studies

 

Pain Studies

 

In an effort to further support Nyloxin® Extra Strength, ReceptoPharm had planned to complete two human clinical studies aimed at comparing the ability of Nyloxin® Extra Strength to replace prescription pain relievers. ReceptoPharm originally estimated that these studies would begin during the second quarter of 2010; however, these studies have been delayed because of lack of funding. We have no way of knowing at this time, if or when we will have adequate funding to reinitiate these trials.

 

AMN Phase II

 

ReceptoPharm has been conducting research and development in this area since February 2006 with an original expected completion date of September 2010, which includes a 12-month patient trial period that has already been completed. We have thus far expended approximately $400,000, because ReceptoPharm has completed its AMN Phase II project, there is no further budget for this project.

 

AMN Phase III

 

ReceptoPharm had planned to continue research and development, with the ultimate goal of completing development of its future drug, RPI-78M. ReceptoPharm’s originally estimated start and completion dates are July 2010 and December 2011, respectively, which includes a 12-month patient trial period. ReceptoPharm has thus far incurred costs of $5,000. ReceptoPharm has an estimated budget of $500,000. We have no way of knowing at this time, if or when we will have adequate funding to reinitiate these trials.

 

MS Phase II (Pediatric MS Phase I/II)

 

We are working with our Chief Scientific Officer, Dale Vanderputten, PhD; along with consultants to begin our Phase I/Phase II studies in pediatric Multiple Sclerosis. Pending adequate financing or revenues, ReceptoPharm will continue its research and development, with the ultimate goal of commencing these trials with RPI-78M under its Orphan Designation. ReceptoPharm has thus far incurred costs of $40,000. ReceptoPharm has an estimated budget of $2,000,000. Our goal is to initiate these trials in 2021.

 

Currently, ReceptoPharm’s total estimated costs for all of the above projects are approximately $3,000,000.

 

Since receiving Orphan designation for the treatment of Pediatric MS, our plans have changed. We are now working with potential sites of care to initiate a Phase I/II clinical trial in Pediatric MS. Our next step is to have a pre-IND meeting with the FDA to go over the proposed trial protocols. It is our goal to begin these trials in 2021.

 

Dependence on one or a Few Major Customers

 

We have no customers with respect to our research and development projects since we have not received FDA approval for our drug candidates and have not licensed any of our technologies.

 

Marketing

 

We currently do not have a marketing program for our drug candidates because none of ReceptoPharm’s products have received FDA approval. Our lack of financing has hampered our efforts to navigate the regulatory process in a timely fashion; however, if and when we have FDA-approved drug treatments, we plan to develop a marketing strategy to market ReceptoPharm’s products through pharmaceutical companies, other biotechnology companies, and diagnostic laboratories. Our Chief Executive Officer will market the treatments to licensing and development officers of those companies and will otherwise direct our marketing program. Additionally, we will attempt to secure consulting agreements with marketing consultants who will actively market our products to such companies and/or provide our Chief Executive Officer with marketing guidance.

 

Potential Revenue Segments

 

Our potential revenue segments are composed of our attempt to generate revenues from license agreements, joint ventures in foreign countries and drug sales.

 

To date, we have not earned any revenues regarding any FDA drug candidate.

 

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Product Liability

 

We maintain product liability insurance for our commercial products. Even so, product liability claims may result in significant legal costs related to our defense of such actions if damage amounts exceed our product liability insurance coverage. The design, development, and manufacture of drug products or diagnostic tests involves an inherent risk of product liability claims and corresponding damage to our brand name reputation, including claims of product failure or harm caused by the drug product.

 

Sources and Availability of Raw Materials

 

ReceptoPharm uses the raw material, cobra venom, for the drugs that it studies and in the production of all of our over-the-counter products. We currently have two US suppliers of cobra venom that we use according to product demand. In addition, there are other suppliers in China, Thailand and India. ReceptoPharm’s management is responsible for locating cobra venom suppliers on an as-needed basis, which involves obtaining a small test amount from a supplier for scientific validation of that raw material prior to purchase. Apart from cobra venom, we do not currently use raw materials in our business.

 

Compliance with Government Regulations and Need for Government Approval

 

The production and marketing of potential drug products as well as research and development activities generally are subject to regulation by numerous governmental authorities in the United States and other countries. In the United States, vaccines, drugs and certain diagnostic products are subject to FDA review of safety and efficacy. The Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, the Public Health Service Act and other federal statutes and regulations govern or influence the testing, manufacture, safety, labeling, storage, record keeping, approval, advertising and promotion of such products. Noncompliance with applicable requirements can result in criminal prosecution and fines, recall or seizure of products, total or partial suspension of production, or refusal of the government to approve Biological License Applications (“BLAs”), Product License Applications (“PLAs”), New Drug Applications (“NDAs”) or refusal to allow a company to enter into supply contracts. The FDA also has the authority to revoke product licenses and establishment licenses previously granted.

 

In order to obtain FDA approval to market a new biological or pharmaceutical product, proof of product safety, purity, potency and efficacy, and reliable manufacturing capability must be submitted. This requires companies to conduct extensive laboratory, pre-clinical and clinical tests. This testing, as well as preparation and processing of necessary applications, is expensive, time-consuming and often takes several years to complete. There is no assurance that the FDA will act favorably in making such reviews. Our potential partners, or we, may encounter significant difficulties or costs in their efforts to obtain FDA approvals, which could delay or preclude from marketing any products that may be developed. The FDA may also require post-marketing testing and surveillance to monitor the effects of marketed products or place conditions on any approvals that could restrict the commercial applications of such products. Product approvals may be withdrawn if problems occur following initial marketing, such as, compliance with regulatory standards is not maintained. Delays imposed by governmental marketing approval processes may materially reduce the period during which a company will have the exclusive right to exploit patented products or technologies. Refusals or delays in the regulatory process in one country may make it more difficult and time consuming to obtain marketing approvals in other countries.

 

The FDA approval process for a new biological or pharmaceutical drug involves completion of preclinical studies and the submission of the results of these studies to the FDA in an Initial New Drug application, which must be approved before human clinical trials may be conducted. The results of preclinical and clinical studies on biological or pharmaceutical drugs are submitted to the FDA in the form of a BLA, PLA or NDA for product approval to commence commercial sales. In responding to a BLA, PLA or NDA, the FDA may require additional testing or information, or may deny the application. In addition to obtaining FDA approval for each biological or chemical product, an Establishment License Application (“ELA”) must be filed and the FDA must inspect and license the manufacturing facilities for each product. Product sales may commence only when both BLA/ PLA/ NDA and ELA are approved. In certain instances in which a treatment for a rare disease or condition is concerned, the manufacturer may request the FDA to grant the drug product Orphan Drug status for a particular use. “Orphan Drug” status refers to serious ailments affecting less than 250,000 individuals. In this event, the developer of the drug may request grants from the government to defray the costs of certain expenses related to the clinical testing of such drug and be entitled to marketing exclusivity and certain tax credits.

 

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In order to gain broad acceptance in the marketplace of a medical device, our partners or we will need to receive approval from the FDA and other equivalent regulatory bodies outside of the United States. This approval will be based upon clinical testing programs at major medical centers. Data obtained from these institutions will enable us, or our partners, to apply to the FDA for acceptance of its technology as a “device” through a 510(k) application or exemption process. Once the data have been fully gleaned, it is expected that this process would take ninety days.

 

According to the FDA, a “device” is: “an instrument, apparatus, implement, machine, contrivance, implant, in vitro reagent, or other similar or related article, including a component part, or accessory which is recognized in the official National Formulary, or the United States Pharmacopoeia, or any supplement to them, intended for use in the diagnosis of disease or other conditions, or in the cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, in man or other animals, or intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals, and which does not achieve any of its primary intended purposes through chemical action within or on the body of man or other animals and which is not dependent upon being metabolized for the achievement of any of its primary intended purposes.”

 

The FDA classifies devices as either Class I/II-exempt, Class II, or Class III.

 

Class III: Pre-Marketing Approval, or PMA: A Pre-Marketing Approval or PMA is the most stringent type of device marketing application required by FDA. A PMA is an application submitted to FDA to request clearance to market, or to continue marketing of a Class III medical device. A PMA is usually required for products with which FDA has little previous experience and in such cases where the safety and efficacy must be fully demonstrated on the product. The level of documentation is more extensive than for a 510(k) application and the review timeline is usually longer. Under this level of FDA approval, the manufacturing facility will be inspected as well as the clinical sites where the clinical trials are being or have been conducted. All the appropriate documents have to be compiled and available on demand by the FDA. The manufacturing facility is registered with the FDA and the product or device is registered with the FDA.

 

Class II: 510(k). This is one level down from the PMA and it is applied to devices with which the FDA has had previous experience. A 510(k) is a pre-marketing submission made to FDA to demonstrate that the device to be marketed is as safe and effective, that is, substantially equivalent, to a legally marketed device that is not subject to pre-market approval. Applicants must compare their 510(k) device to one or more similar devices currently on the U.S. market and make and support their substantial equivalency claims. The legally marketed device to which equivalence is drawn is known as the “predicate” device. Applicants must submit descriptive data and, when necessary, performance data to establish that their device is SE to a predicate device. Again, the data in a 510(k) is to show comparability, that is, substantial equivalency (SE) of a new device to a predicate device. Under this level of approval, the manufacturing facility is registered with the FDA and the product or device is registered with the FDA. Inspections under this classification are possible. All the appropriate cGMP and clinical data backing the claims made must be on file and available on demand by the FDA.

 

Class I/II Exemption: This is the lowest level of scrutiny. Most Class I devices and a few Class II devices are exempt from the pre-marketing notification requirements subject to the limitations on exemptions. However, these devices are not exempt from other general controls. All medical devices must be manufactured under a quality assurance program, be suitable for the intended use, be adequately packaged and properly labeled, and have establishment registration and device listing forms on file with the FDA. However, as described above, all the appropriate documentation including cGMP and clinical data supporting the claims being made has to be on hand and available on demand by the FDA. The data must be available to support all the product claims.

 

Sales of biological and pharmaceutical products and medical devices outside the United States are subject to foreign regulatory requirements that vary widely from country to country. Whether or not FDA approval has been obtained, approval of a product or a device by a comparable regulatory authority of a foreign country must generally be obtained prior to the commencement of marketing in that country.

 

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Effect of Compliance with Federal, State, and Local Provisions for the Protection of the Environment

 

We have no present or anticipated direct future costs associated with environmental compliance, since we are not and will not be directly involved in manufacturing drug products as result of our research and development; however, we may be affected in the percentage licensing fees we receive, since a company may consider the environmental expense as an offset to a determination of the percentage amount we receive. ReceptoPharm produces a drug that has limited waste issues and related costs, but handles environmentally related matters through the FDA’s Good Manufacturing Practices, the FDA mandated guidelines pertaining to the production of drugs in the United States.

 

Ability to Compete

 

The biotechnology research and development field is extremely competitive and is characterized by rapid change. Our competitors have substantially greater financial, scientific, and human resources, and as a result greater research and product development capabilities. Our competitors have competitive advantages with greater potential to develop revenue streams. Our competitors are located in the United States as well as around the world. We will attempt to compete by establishing strategic partners or alliances with pharmaceutical companies, academic institutions, biotechnology companies, and clinical diagnostic laboratories, which will enter into joint ventures, emphasizing that the drugs RPI-MN and RPI-78M possess the following properties:

 

  They lack measurable toxicity but are still capable of attaching to and affecting the target site on the nerve cells. This means that patients cannot overdose.
  They display no significant adverse side effects following years of investigations in humans and animals.
  The products are stable and resistant to heat, which gives the drug a long shelf life. The drugs’ stability has been determined to be over 4 years at room temperature.

 

RPI-78M can be administered orally; however, ReceptoPharm has not yet developed an orally administered RPI-78M. RPI-78M has been routinely delivered by injection in a manner similar to insulin, but research over the past two years has given rise to administration by mouth. Oral delivery presents patients with additional “quality of life” benefits by eliminating or decreasing the requirements for routine injections. Should we receive adequate funding, ReceptoPharm plans to develop an orally administered RPI-78M by initiating new trials with an oral version of that drug.

 

Main Competitors (Biologics)

 

Competition is intense among companies that develop and market products based on advanced cellular and molecular biology. ReceptoPharm’s competitors, including Amgen, Sanofi-Aventis, Biogen-Idec, Cephalon, Genetech, Genzyme, Novartis, Regeneron and Bayer, which have far superior financial, technological and operational resources. We face significant competition from these and other biotechnology and pharmaceutical firms in the United States, Europe and elsewhere. Certain specialized biotechnology firms have also entered into cooperative arrangements with major companies for development and commercialization of products, creating an additional source of competition.

 

Any products or technologies that successfully address viral or neurological indications could negatively impact the market potential for RPI-78M or RPI-MN. These include products that could receive approval for indications similar to those for which RPI-78M or RPI-MN seeks approval, development of biologic or pharmaceutical treatments that are more effective than existing treatments and the development of other modalities with reduced toxicity and side effects.

 

Interferon-based drugs and their indications represent target markets for ReceptoPharm. Sales of interferon-based drugs annually exceed $8 billion and have attracted the participation of several major drug companies, including Bayer and Roche. Currently, there are eight interferon-based drugs licensed in Canada and the U.S.; five for the treatment of the milder Relapsing-Remitting form of MS, one for Hepatitis C, one for granulomatous disease and one for genital warts. These interferons are also used in the treatment of other conditions where treatment options are limited. The interferons for MS are Betaseron (Bayer), Avonex (Biogen), Plegridy (Biogen), Extavia (Novartis) and Rebif (EMD Serono). Since the launch of these drugs, the number of patients undergoing treatment has stabilized at current levels, indicating that there is a high turnover rate of patients in the administration of these individual drugs due to cost and side effects. Biogen developed Avonex in the early 1990’s and has been shipping the drug since late 1996. In the United Kingdom, the National Institute for Clinical Efficiency (NICE) has called for the withdrawal of Betaseron and another unrelated drug, Copaxone (Teva), from the market based on poor cost/effectiveness.

 

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Gilead Sciences markets Harvoni as a ‘cure’ for Hepatitis C. It combines two drugs: Sovaldi (sofosbuvir) and ledipasvir. Harvoni is taking over the market as Gilead has turned Hepatitis C into a curable illness and has generated over $25B in sales.

 

Main Competitors (Venom-Based Drugs)

 

We view our main competitors as those who also engage in the development of protein-based neurotoxins as therapeutics. Employing venoms as therapeutics is not new. A large number of well-known pharmaceutical companies are developing novel therapies derived from snake venoms and other reptiles. Most of those using snake venoms employ the anticoagulant enzymes usually from viperids (adders and rattlesnakes) though elapids (cobra family) are also being investigated.

 

We have set forth below a summary of venom-based drugs and their potential applications.

 

Company   Drug   Application
Pentapharm   Batroxobin   Anticoagulant from Lancehead viper
Knoll Pharmaceutical   Ancrod   Anticoagulant from rattlesnakes
Bristol-Myers Squibb   Capoten   Antihypertensive from Brazilian Pit Viper
Medicure   Aggrastat   Antiplatelet drug from vipers
Millennium Pharmaceutical   Integrilin   Antiplatelet drug from rattlesnakes
Amylin Pharmaceuticals   Byetta   Treatment for type 2 diabetes and obesity from Gila Monster
Elan Pharmaceuticals   Prialt   Intrathecal drug from cone snails for intractable pain

 

Current cobra venom-based therapies include Keluoqu, a pain-killing drug on the market in China since 1978. Keluoque contains cobrotoxin as its primary ingredient and is used to control severe pain in advanced cancer patients and for post-operative pain.

 

Bio-Therapeutics, Inc.

 

On October 3, 2003, we entered into a non-assignable license agreement between Bio-Therapeutics, Inc. (“ Bio-Therapeutics”) and us, which was then amended to make the license agreement assignable. This agreement was in settlement of a lawsuit that we filed against Bio-Therapeutics alleging that Bio-Therapeutics owed us $850,000 in connection with a merger agreement between Bio-Therapeutics and us that was cancelled.

 

The 2003 license agreement provides that for a non-exclusive license to certain intellectual property of Bio-Therapeutics, which consists of the following two distinct technology platforms:

 

  Alteration of Proteins and Peptides - These include patented methods for altering the 3-Dimensional structure of certain proteins and peptides. The natural peptides bind to receptors in the body with toxic effects. This technology allows us to alter the structure of these peptides, preserving their receptor-binding characteristics, while making them non-toxic and therapeutic. Different receptors have various functions in many disease states. By the peptides binding to these receptors in a controlled fashion, certain disease symptoms may be treated. In connection with MS, binding to the acetylcholine receptor on the nerves allows for more efficient nerve conduction. With HIV, binding to chemokine receptors may prevent the virus from entering and infecting new cells.
     
  Non- Exclusive License for “Buccal Delivery System” (“Buccal”) – An innovative aerosolized drug delivery system that is patent pending. Many therapeutic agents cannot be effectively delivered by aerosol formulation due to their large size and/or irregular shapes. Since these therapeutic agents cannot be ingested orally without being degraded by the digestive system, patients have no alternative but to directly inject these drugs. We have a non-exclusive license to the Buccal patent pending proprietary aerosol formulation, which greatly enhances the permeability of the mucous membranes found on the roof of the mouth and the back of the throat. This allows for the easy and efficient systemic delivery into the bloodstream of a much wider variety of proteins and peptides. This non-exclusive license for “Buccal Delivery System” and patent pending application includes claims that identify the active mucosal enhancer, its combination with therapeutic agents and the mode of delivery through aerosol. This may allow for the effective and pain-free delivery of peptide and protein therapeutics for the treatment of HIV and MS.

 

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Patents, Trademarks, Licenses and Intellectual Property

 

In July of 2021, we announced that we had filed a new provisional patent to protect our intellectual property surrounding our development of nerve agent counter measures. We will continue to prosecute that patent as well as several other patent applications.

 

We have the following patents expiring at various dates indicated below:

 

Bio-Therapeutics Patents

 

We hold the license to certain intellectual property belonging to Bio-Therapeutics that has either been granted a patent or is in the patent application process as follows:

 

U.S. Patent No. 5,989,857, Polypeptide compositions and methods was granted in November 1999 with 10 claims. The patent outlines a method of preparing a bioactive polypeptide in a stable, inactivated form, the method comprising the step of treating the polypeptide with ozonated water in order to oxidize and/or stabilize the cysteine residues, and in turn, prevent the formation of disulfide bridges necessary for bioactivity. This patent expired on May 10, 2016.

 

U.S. Patent No. 6,670,148, Compositions comprising bioactive peptides prepared without formation of native disulfide bonds was granted in December 2003, with 9 claims. The patent further describes a method of preparing a bioactive polypeptide in a stable, inactivated form, the method comprising the step of treating the polypeptide with ozonated water in order to oxidize and/or stabilize the cysteine residues, and in turn, prevent the formation of disulfide bridges necessary for bioactivity. The method can involve the use of ozonated water to both oxidize the disulfide bridges in a bioactive polypeptide, and to then stabilize the resultant cysteine residues. Optionally, and preferably, the method can involve the use of ozonated water to stabilize the cysteine residues, and thereby prevent the formation of disulfide bridges, in a polypeptide produced by recombinant means in a manner that allows the polypeptide to be recovered with the disulfide bridges unformed. This Patent expired on May 10, 2016.

 

U.S. Patent Application Number 11/415377, Buccal Delivery System, with 20 claims. The patent describes a delivery formulation and system for delivering inactivated bioactive peptides to the body. The formulation includes effective amounts of the peptide as well as a mucosal permeation enhancer selected from the group consisting of quaternary ammonium salts. The system can be used by spraying the formulation into the buccal cavity, e.g., to the roof of the mouth. This application is currently listed as abandoned as of December 2009.

 

U.S. Patent Application Number 11/431126, Immunokine composition and method with 31 claims. The patent describes a composition and method for preventing HIV infection of mammalian cells. One aspect of the invention relates to an anti-immunodeficiency virus immunokine capable of binding to a cellular protein in a manner that prevents HIV infection of that cell. The compositions can include either an active bioactive polypeptide, such as native cobratoxin, and/or an inactivated bioactive polypeptide, such as cobratoxin in which one or more of the native disulfide bridges have been prevented from forming. The term “immunokine” is used to refer to an inactivated bioactive polypeptide, whether inactivated by chemical, genetic, and/or synthetic means as described herein, with the proviso that a corresponding active bioactive polypeptides can be included where applicable (e.g., for in vitro use). This application is currently listed as abandoned as of June 2009.

 

ReceptoPharm Patents

 

ReceptoPharm has three issued and several patents pending with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. These patents include:

 

U.S. Patent No. 8,034,777, Modified Anticholinergic Neurotoxins as Modulators of the Autoimmune Reaction was granted in October 2011with 7 claims. The patent describes a method of treatment of a human patient suffering from Multiple Sclerosis comprising the administration of a disease-mitigating amount of a composition consisting of detoxified and modified alpha-cobratoxin in a saline solution. This patent is meant to protect and support our work in the production of drugs for the treatment of auto-immune diseases.

 

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U.S. Patent No. 7,902,152, Use of cobratoxin as an analgesic was granted in March 2011 with 16 claims. The patent describes a composition of matter for an analgesic and its method of use is disclosed. The method of use is for the treatment of chronic pain, especially to the treatment of heretofore intractable pain as associated with advanced cancer. The pain associated with neurological conditions, rheumatoid arthritis, viral infections and lesions is also contemplated. The method includes administering to a host an alpha-neurotoxin that is characterized by its ability to blocking of the action of acetylcholine at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Currently, this would be applied to the Company’s current and future drugs for the treatment of pain.

 

U.S. Patent No. 7,758,894, Modified elapid venoms as stimulators of the immune reaction was granted in July, 2010 with 14 claims. The patent describes a method of protection from infections by administering a detoxified and neurotropically active modified venom containing alpha-cobratoxin. Protection includes bacterial, viral and parasitic infections. This patent is meant to protect and support our work in our production of anti-infective treatments. Currently, this would be applied to RPI-MN and RPI-78.

 

U.S. Patent Application Number 11/217,713, Modified venom and venom components as anti-retroviral agents with 10 claims was filed in September 2005. The present invention describes a method of treatment of human subject suffering from infection with HIV, comprising administering a disease mitigating amount of a detoxified, modified cobra venom composition in an amount effective to ameliorate at least one symptom of said infection. This patent is meant to protect and support our work in the production of anti-viral treatments. Currently, this would be applied to RPI-MN and RPI-78.

 

U.S. Patent Application Number 11/784,607, Treatment of Autoimmune Disorders Using Detoxified Cobratoxin was filed in April 2007. The patent describes a method of treating patients suffering from autoimmune disorders comprising the administration of detoxified cobra venom. This patent is meant to protect and support our work in the production of drugs for the treatment of auto-immune diseases. Currently, this would be applied to RPI-78MN.

 

U.S. Patent Application Number 12/317,115, Alpha-neurotoxin Proteins with Anti-inflammatory Properties and Uses Thereof was filed in December 2008. The patent describes a method of treating an arthritic condition comprising the administration to a subject in need thereof an effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition comprising an isolated alpha-neurotoxin protein or an effective fragment thereof. This patent is meant to protect and support our work in the production of drugs for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.

 

Patents Assigned to Us by Nanologix, Inc.

 

Because we have focused on our drugs, we have not continued any activity in our former Designer Diagnostics division since June 2011. As results become available through the validation process taking place at National Jewish Hospital in Denver and funding becomes available, we may revisit the technology and re-engage our efforts in Designer Diagnostics.

 

On January 24, 2006, we entered into an Agreement with NanoLogix whereby we exchanged our entire holding of NanoLogix common stock for intellectual property pertaining to the manufacture of test kits for the rapid isolation, detection and antibiotic sensitivity testing of certain mycobacteria. The agreement provides that: (a) NanoLogix has reassigned to us 11 key patents protecting the diagnostics test kit technology in exchange for our entire holding of NanoLogix stock represented by 4,556,174 shares of that stock; (b) NanoLogix has licensed to us the remaining 18 patents that protect the diagnostics test kit technology in exchange for a 6% royalty on the gross sales of the products based on the licensed technology or escalating minimum payments starting at $20,000 annually; (c) we issued to NanoLogix 1 million options of our restricted common stock at $.20 per share; and (d) we will allow NanoLogix to continue their use of these patents for development of their hydrogen technology and other technologies unrelated to medical diagnostic test kits.

 

On or about July 2009, we ceased paying the minimum royalties to Nanologix for the licensed patents and have allowed full rights to those patents to revert back to Nanologix.

 

We own 11 issued U.S. patents covering technologies related to growing, detecting, identifying, defining antibiotic sensitivity and designing apparatus for the detection of 32 different paraffin-eating microorganisms that were assigned to us by Nanologix, Inc. These patents will be used by our wholly owned subsidiary, Designer Diagnostics, should it again become operational.

 

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U.S. Patent No. 5,989,902, Method for determining the antimicrobial agent sensitivity of a nonparaffinophilic hydrophobic microorganism and an associated apparatus was granted in November 1999 with 3 claims. The patent describes a method for determining a sensitivity of a nonparaffinophilic hydrophobic microorganism to an antimicrobial agent. The method includes providing at least one receptacle containing an aqueous broth including a carbon source and introducing the nonparaffinophilic hydrophobic microorganism into the receptacle. The method further includes placing into the receptacle (i) a slide coated with a hydrophobic material and (ii) a predetermined quantity of the antimicrobial agent to be tested. By observing the nonparaffinophilic hydrophobic microorganism growth or lack thereof on the slide, it can be determined whether the predetermined quantity of the antimicrobial agent is effective in inhibiting growth of the nonparaffinophilic hydrophobic microorganism on the slide. An associated apparatus is also disclosed. This Patent expired on November 13, 2017.

 

U.S. Patent No. 5,981,210, Method for determining a presence or absence of a nonparaffinophilic hydrophobic microorganism in a body specimen by using a DNA extraction procedure and a novel DNA extraction procedure was granted in November 1999 with 17 claims. The method of the invention involves providing a first receptacle and a second receptacle. The first receptacle contains a sterile aqueous broth and the second receptacle contains an aqueous broth including a carbon source. The method then includes placing into the first receptacle a first support surface having a paraffin wax coating thereon and placing into the second receptacle a second support surface having a hydrophobic material coating thereon. A body specimen, such as sputum, is then introduced into each of the first and second receptacles. The presence of a nonparaffinophilic hydrophobic microorganism in the body specimen is determined by observing (i) a lack of microorganism growth on the paraffin coated material of the first support surface and (ii) a presence of microorganism growth on the hydrophobic material coating of the second support surface. The presence of the nonparaffinophilic hydrophobic microorganism can be further confirmed by performing a DNA extraction. An associated DNA extraction procedure is also provided. This Patent expired on November 13, 2017.

 

U.S. Patent No. 5,935,806, Method and apparatus for speciating and identifying MAI (Mycobacterium Avium Intracellulare) and testing the same for antibiotic sensitivity was granted in August 1999 with 3 claims. The patent describes a method of speciating and identifying MAI in a specimen comprises placing a paraffin coated slide in a receptacle containing a sterile aqueous solution inoculated with the specimen, analyzing the slide after exposure to the specimen to determine the presence or absence of atypical Mycobacteria, and after the analysis step, if atypical Mycobacteria are determined to be present, performing at least one speciation assay to ascertain if the atypical Mycobacteria are MAI. A related apparatus is also disclosed for speciating and identifying MAI in a specimen comprising a paraffin-wax coated slide, a tube having a sterile aqueous solution contained therein, the tube adapted to hold the slide, and at least one speciation assay means for performing an assay to determine the presence or absence of MAI in the specimen after the specimen is introduced into the tube holding the solution and the slide. An apparatus and method for determining the sensitivity of MAI to different antibiotics and dosages thereof is also provided. This Patent expired on October 24, 2009 for failure to timely pay maintenance fees.

 

U.S. Patent No. 5,882,920, Apparatus for determining the presence or absence of a paraffinophilic microorganism was granted in March 1999 with 4 claims. The patent describes a method of determining the presence of a paraffinophilic microorganism in a specimen taken from a patient. The method includes providing a receptacle containing an aqueous solution and adjusting the solution to mimic the in vivo clinical conditions of the patient. The method then further includes inoculating the solution with the specimen and then placing in the receptacle a paraffin coated slide to bait the paraffinophilic microorganism. The slide is then analyzed after exposure to the specimen to determine the presence or absence of the paraffinophilic microorganism. An associated apparatus is also disclosed. This Patent expired on November 9, 2015.

 

U.S. Patent No. 5,854,014, Apparatus for testing paraffinophilic microorganisms for antimicrobial sensitivity was granted in December 1998 with 2 claims. The patent describes an apparatus for determining the antimicrobial agent sensitivity of a paraffinophilic microorganism from a specimen obtained from a patient. The apparatus includes a receptacle containing an aqueous solution, an amount of antimicrobial agent to be tested and the specimen. The apparatus further consists of a paraffin coated slide placed into the receptacle. This Patent expired October 24, 2009 for failure to timely pay maintenance fees.

 

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U.S. Patent No. 5,846,760, Method for determining a presence or absence of a nonparaffinophilic hydrophobic microorganism in a body specimen and an associated kit was granted in December 1998 with 15 claims. The method of the invention involves providing a first receptacle and a second receptacle. The first receptacle contains a sterile aqueous broth and the second receptacle contains an aqueous broth including a carbon source. The method then includes placing into the first receptacle a first support surface having a paraffin wax coating thereon and placing into the second receptacle a second support surface having a hydrophobic material coating thereon. A body specimen, such as sputum, is then introduced into each of the first and second receptacles. The presence of a nonparaffinophilic hydrophobic microorganism in the body specimen is determined by observing (i) a lack of microorganism growth on the paraffin coated material of the first support surface and (ii) a presence of microorganism growth on the hydrophobic material coating of the second support surface. An associated kit is also disclosed. This Patent expired on November 13, 2017.

 

U.S. Patent No. 5,776,722, Method of testing a body specimen taken from a patient for the presence or absence of a microorganism and a further associated method and associated apparatus was granted in July 1998 with 40 claims. The patent describes a method of testing a body specimen taken from a patient for the presence or absence of a microorganism. A transport/isolator assembly is provided which includes a receptacle and a baiting assembly including a baiting section having disposed thereon a coating material. A baiting liquid and the body specimen are then introduced into the receptacle. The method further comprises securing the baiting assembly to the receptacle so that at least a portion of the coated section is introduced into the baiting liquid. The transport/isolator assembly containing the baiting liquid and the body specimen are then transported to a laboratory for subsequent observation of the coated section for growth or lack thereof of the microorganism. A further method of processing the body specimen and an associated isolator/transport assembly kit as well as an associated isolator/transport assembly are also disclosed. This Patent expired on September 25, 2017.

 

U.S. Patent No. 5,569,592, Apparatus for testing MAI (Mycobacterium Avium Intracellulare) for antimicrobial agent sensitivity was granted in October 1996 with 3 claims. The patent describes an apparatus for determining the sensitivity of MAI to different antimicrobial agents and dosages thereof is provided. The apparatus comprises a plurality of test tubes adapted to contain an amount of an antimicrobial agent to be tested and MAI complex organisms to be assayed and a separate paraffin coated slide adapted for placement in each of the test tubes. The growth of the MAI complex organisms on the slide can be used to determine the concentration of the antimicrobial agent necessary to resist MAI complex organism growth on the slide. An associated method is also disclosed. This Patent expired on October 29, 2013.

 

U.S. Patent No. 5,472,877, Apparatus for determining the presence or absence of MAI (Mycobacterium Avium Intracellulare) was granted in December 1995 with 6 claims. The patent describes a method of speciating and identifying MAI in a specimen comprises placing a paraffin coated slide in a receptacle containing a sterile aqueous solution inoculated with the specimen, analyzing the slide after exposure to the specimen to determine the presence or absence of atypical Mycobacteria, and after the analysis step, if atypical Mycobacteria are determined to be present, performing at least one speciation assay to ascertain if the atypical Mycobacteria are MAI. A related apparatus is also disclosed for speciating and identifying MAI in a specimen comprising a paraffin-wax coated slide, a tube having a sterile aqueous solution contained therein, the tube adapted to hold the slide, and at least one speciation assay means for performing an assay to determine the presence or absence of MAI in the specimen after the specimen is introduced into the tube holding the solution and the slide. An apparatus and method for determining the sensitivity of MAI to different antibiotics and dosages thereof is also provided. This Patent expired on December 5, 2012.

 

U.S. Patent No. 5,316,918, Method and apparatus for testing MAI (Mycobacterium Avium Intracellulare) for antimicrobial agent sensitivity was granted in May 1994 with 7 claims. The patent describes an apparatus and method for determining the sensitivity of MAI to different antimicrobial agents and dosages thereof is provided. The apparatus comprises a plurality of test tubes adapted to contain an amount of an antimicrobial agent to be tested and MAI complex organisms to be assayed and a separate paraffin coated slide adapted for placement in each of the test tubes. The growth of the MAI complex organisms on the slide can be used to determine the concentration of the antimicrobial agent necessary to resist MAI complex organism growth on the slide. An associated method is also disclosed. This Patent expired on May 31, 2011.

 

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U.S. Patent No. 5,153,119, Method for speciating and identifying MAI (Mycobacterium Avium Intracellulare) was granted in October 1992 with 15 claims. The patent describes a method of speciating and identifying MAI in a specimen comprises placing a paraffin coated slide in a receptacle containing a sterile aqueous solution inoculated with the specimen, analyzing the slide after exposure to the specimen to determine the presence or absence of atypical Mycobacteria, and after the analysis step, if atypical Mycobacteria are determined to be present, performing at least one speciation assay to ascertain if the atypical Mycobacteria are MAI. A related apparatus is also disclosed for speciating and identifying MAI in a specimen comprising a paraffin-wax coated slide, a tube having a sterile aqueous solution contained therein, the tube adapted to hold the slide, and at least one speciation assay means for performing an assay to determine the presence or absence of MAI in the specimen after the specimen is introduced into the tube holding the solution and the slide. An apparatus and method for determining the sensitivity of MAI to different antibiotics and dosages thereof is also provided. This Patent expired on October 24, 2009.

 

Our business is dependent upon our ability to protect our proprietary technologies and processes. Despite our efforts to protect our proprietary rights, unauthorized parties may attempt to obtain and use proprietary information. We will rely on patent and trade secret law and nondisclosure and other contractual arrangements to protect such proprietary information. We will file patent applications for our proprietary methods and devices for patient treatments. Our efforts to protect our proprietary technologies and processes are subject to significant risks, including that others may independently develop equivalent proprietary information and techniques, gain access to our proprietary information, our proprietary information being improperly disclosed, or that we may ineffectively protect our rights to unpatented trade secrets or other proprietary information.

 

Employees

 

We employ a total of 4 employees, consisting of: (a) our Chief Executive Officer (b) Our Director of Marketing (c) our Chief Scientific Officer, and (d) our Warehouse Manager. We utilize outside consultants, legal and accounting personnel as necessary and as funding permits.

 

Report to Security Holders

 

We are subject to the informational requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Accordingly, we file annual, quarterly and other reports and information with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You may read and obtain a copy of these reports in Washington, D.C. Our filings are also available to the public from commercial document retrieval services and the Internet world wide website maintained by the Securities and Exchange Commission at www.sec.gov.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

You should carefully consider the risks described below regarding our operations, financial condition, financing, our common stock and other matters. If any of the following or other material risks actually occur, our business, financial condition, or results or operations could be materially adversely affected.

 

Our ability to continue as a going concern is in doubt absent obtaining adequate new debt or equity financing and achieving sufficient sales levels.

 

We incurred net losses of $769,184 and $6,591,442 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019. We anticipate that these losses will continue for the foreseeable future. We have a significant working capital deficiency, and have not reached a profitable level of operations, which raises substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. Our continued existence is dependent upon our achieving sufficient sales levels of our Nyloxin® and Pet Pain Away products and obtaining adequate financing. Unless we can begin to generate material revenue, we may not be able to remain in business. We cannot assure you that we will raise enough money or generate sufficient sales to meet our future working capital needs.

 

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We have a limited revenue producing history with significant losses and expect losses to continue for the foreseeable future.

 

We have yet to establish any history of profitable operations. We have incurred annual losses of $769,184 and $6,591,442 during the fiscal years of operations ending December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. As a result, at December 31, 2020, we had an accumulated deficit of $68,633,468. Our revenues have been insufficient to sustain our operations and we expect our revenues will be insufficient to sustain our operations for the foreseeable future. Our potential profitability will require the successful commercialization of our Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away products; or a potential licensing of our therapies under development.

 

We will require additional financing to sustain our operations and without it will be unable to continue operations.

 

At December 31, 2020, we had a working capital deficit of $11,427,256. Our recurring losses from operations and working capital deficiency raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. We have a negative cash flow from operations of approximately $0.88 million and $0.74 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. We have insufficient financial resources to fund our operations.

 

We have a history of failed distributors, which has negatively affected our revenues and may continue to do so if we fail to locate a successful distributor.

 

Due to poor performance, we cancelled our distribution agreement with our Cobroxin® distributor, XenaCare in April 2011. We plan to re-launch Cobroxin®, but we have not yet ordered product or provided planned sales. To date, we have only limited sales of Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away through outside distributors. If we fail to improve our own marketing and distribution or fail to find a competent outside distributor our operations and financial condition will be negatively affected.

 

If we cannot sell a sufficient volume of our products, we will be unable to continue in business.

 

From October 2009 until December 31, 2020, our operations centered on the marketing of Cobroxin® (our discontinued product), Nyloxin® and Nyloxin® Extra Strength. In December of 2014, we launched Pet Pain-Away and began actively marketing the product. During fiscal year 2020, we earned revenues of $51,897, $48,242 of it was from sales of Nyloxin® and $3,655 of it was from sales of Pet Pain-Away. During fiscal year 2019, we earned revenues of $104,393, $44,269 of it was from sales of Nyloxin® and $60,124 of it was from sales of Pet Pain-Away. If we cannot achieve sufficient sales levels of our Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away products or we are unable to secure financing our operations will be negatively affected.

 

We have a limited history of generating revenues on which to evaluate our potential for future success and to determine if we will be able to execute our business plan; accordingly, it is difficult to evaluate our future prospects and the risk of success or failure of our business.

 

Our total sales of Cobroxin® from November 2009 are $1,995,673, with no significant sales since the second quarter of 2010. Our total sales of Nyloxin® from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2020 are $1,705,617. Our total sales of Pet Pain-Away from December 2014 to December 31, 2020 are $142,108. You must consider our business and prospects in light of the risks and difficulties we will encounter as an early-stage revenue producing company. These risks include:

 

  our ability to effectively and efficiently market and distribute our products;
  our ability to obtain market acceptance of our current products and future products that may be developed by us; and
  our ability to sell our products at competitive prices which exceed our per unit costs.

 

We may be unable to address these risks and difficulties, which could materially and adversely affect our revenue, operating results and our ability to continue to operate our business.

 

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Our growth strategy reflected in our business plan may be unachievable or may not result in profitability.

 

We may be unable to implement our growth strategy reflected in our business plan rapidly enough for us to achieve profitability. Our growth strategy is dependent on a number of factors, including market acceptance of our Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away products and the acceptance by the public of using these products as pain relievers. We cannot assure you that our products will be purchased in amounts sufficient to attain profitability.

 

Among other things, our efforts to expand our sales of Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away will be adversely affected if:

 

  we are unable to attract sufficient customers to the products we offer in light of the price and other terms required in order for us to attain the level of profitability that will enable us to continue to pursue our growth strategy;
  adequate penetration of new markets at reasonable cost becomes impossible limiting the future demand for our products below the level assumed by our business plan;
  we are unable to scale up manufacturing to meet product demand, which would negatively affect our revenues and brand name recognition;
  we are unable to meet regulatory requirements in the intellectual marketplace that would otherwise allow us for wider distribution; and
  we are unable to meet FDA regulatory requirements that would potentially expand our product base and potential revenues.

 

If we cannot manage our growth effectively, we may not become profitable.

 

Businesses, which grow rapidly often, have difficulty managing their growth. If we grow rapidly, we will need to expand our management by recruiting and employing experienced executives and key employees capable of providing the necessary support. We cannot assure you that our management will be able to manage our growth effectively or successfully.

 

Among other things, implementation of our growth strategy would be adversely affected if we were not able to attract sufficient customers to the products and services we offer or plan to offer in light of the price and other terms required in order for us to attain the necessary profitability.

 

If we are unable to protect our proprietary technology, our business could be harmed.

 

Our intellectual property, including patents, is our key asset. We currently have 21 patents that we either own or have the rights to from third parties. 16 of these patents have been approved and 5 are pending. Competitors may be able to design around our patents for our Cobroxin®, Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away products and compete effectively with us. The cost to prosecute infringements of our intellectual property or the cost to defend our products against patent infringement or other intellectual property litigation by others could be substantial. We cannot assure you that:

 

  pending and future patent applications will result in issued patents,
  patents licensed by us will not be challenged by competitors,
  our patents, licensed and other proprietary rights from third parties will not result in costly litigation;
  pending and future patent applications will result in issued patents,
  the patents or our other intellectual property will be found to be valid or sufficiently broad to protect these technologies or provide us with a competitive advantage,
  if we are sued for patent infringement, whether we will have sufficient funds to defend our patents, and
  we will be successful in defending against future patent infringement claims asserted against our products.

 

Should any risks pertaining to the foregoing occur, our brand name reputation, results of operation and revenues will be negatively affected.

 

We are subject to substantial FDA regulations pertaining to Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away, which may increase our costs or otherwise adversely affect our operations.

 

Our Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away products are subject to FDA regulations, including manufacturing and labeling, approval of ingredients, advertising and other claims made regarding Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away, and product ingredients disclosure. If we fail to comply with current or future regulations, the FDA could force us to stop selling Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away or require us to incur substantial costs from adopting measures to maintain FDA compliance.

 

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The inability to provide scientific proof for product claims may adversely affect our sales.

 

The marketing of Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away involves claims that they assist in reducing Stage 2 chronic pain, while Nyloxin® Extra Strength and Nyloxin® Military Strength involves claims that they assist in reducing Stage 3 chronic pain. The marketing of Pet Pain-Away involves claims that they assist in relieving pain in dogs and cats. Under FDA and Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) rules, we are required to have adequate data to support any claims we make concerning Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away. We have scientific data for our Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away product claims; however, we cannot be certain that these scientific data will be deemed acceptable to the FDA or FTC. If the FDA or FTC requests supporting information and we are unable to provide support that it finds acceptable, the FDA or FTC could force us to stop making the claims in question or restrict us from selling the products.

 

None of our ethical drug candidates have received FDA approval.

 

Our non-homeopathic or ethical products require a complex and costly FDA regulation process that takes several years for drug approval, if ever. None of the drug applications we have submitted to the FDA have received FDA approval. If we do not receive FDA approval for our drug applications, our operations and financial condition will be negatively affected.

 

If we are unable to secure sufficient cobra venom from available suppliers, our operating results will be negatively affected.

 

We secure cobra venom on an as-needed basis. If we do not have an available supplier to fill customer orders, there will be distribution delays and/or our failure to fulfill purchase orders, either of which will negatively affect our brand name reputation and operating results.

 

Our Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away products may be unable to compete against our competitors in the pain relief market.

 

The pain relief market is highly competitive. We compete with companies that have already achieved product acceptance and brand recognition, including multi-billion dollar private label manufacturers and more established pharmaceutical and health products companies, or low cost generic drug manufacturers. Most such companies have far greater financial and technical resources and production and marketing capabilities than we do. Additionally, if consumers prefer our competitors’ products, or if these products have better safety, efficacy, or pricing characteristics, our results could be negatively impacted. If we fail to develop and actualize strategies to compete against our competitors we may fail to compete effectively, which will negatively affect our operations and operating results.

 

If we incur costs resulting from product liability claims, our operating results will be negatively affected.

 

If we become subject to product liability claims for Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away that exceed our product liability policy limits, we may be subject to substantial litigation costs or judgments against us, which will negatively impact upon our financial and operating results.

 

Loss of any of our key personnel could have a material adverse effect on our operations and financial results.

 

We are dependent upon a limited number of our employees: (a) our Chief Executive Officer who directs our operations; and (b) our Chief Scientific Officer who conducts our research and development activities. Our success depends on the continued services of our senior management and key research and development employees as well as our ability to attract additional members to our management and research and development teams. The unexpected loss of the services of any of our management or other key personnel could have a material adverse effect upon our operations and financial results.

 

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We may be unable to maintain and expand our business if we are not able to retain, hire and integrate key management and operating personnel.

 

Our success depends in large part on the continued services and efforts of key management personnel. Competition for such employees is intense and the process of locating key personnel with the combination of skills and attributes required to execute our business strategies may be lengthy. The loss of key personnel could have a material adverse impact on our ability to execute our business objectives. We do not have any key man life insurance on the lives of any of our executive officers.

 

Risks Related to Our Common Stock

 

Because the market for our common stock is limited, persons who purchase our common stock may not be able to resell their shares at or above the purchase price paid by them.

 

Our common stock trades on the OTC-Market, which is not a liquid market. There is currently only a limited public market for our common stock. We cannot assure you that an active public market for our common stock will develop or be sustained in the future. If an active market for our common stock does not develop or is not sustained, the price may decline.

 

Because we are subject to the “penny stock” rules, brokers cannot generally solicit the purchase of our common stock, which adversely affects its liquidity and market price.

 

The SEC has adopted regulations, which generally define “penny stock” to be an equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to specific exemptions. The market price of our common stock on the OTC has been substantially less than $5.00 per share and therefore we are currently considered a “penny stock” according to SEC rules. This designation requires any broker-dealer selling these securities to disclose certain information concerning the transaction, obtain a written agreement from the purchaser and determine that the purchaser is reasonably suitable to purchase the securities. These rules limit the ability of broker-dealers to solicit purchases of our common stock and therefore reduce the liquidity of the public market for our shares.

 

Because the majority of our outstanding shares are freely tradable, sales of these shares could cause the market price of our common stock to drop significantly, even if our business is performing well.

 

As of December 31, 2020, we had 6,955,197,214 outstanding shares that were subject to the limitations of Rule 144 under the Securities Act of 1933. In general, Rule 144 provides that any non-affiliates, who have held restricted common stock for at least six-months, are entitled to sell their restricted stock freely, provided that we stay current in our SEC filings. After one year, a non-affiliate may sell without any restrictions.

 

An affiliate may sell after one year with the following restrictions: (i) we are current in our filings, (ii) certain manner of sale provisions, (iii) filing of Form 144, and (iv) volume limitations limiting the sale of shares within any three-month period to a number of shares that does not exceed 1% of the total number of outstanding shares. A person who has ceased to be an affiliate at least three months immediately preceding the sale and who has owned such shares of common stock for at least one year is entitled to sell the shares under Rule 144 without regard to any of the limitations described above.

 

An investment in our common stock may be diluted in the future as a result of the issuance of additional securities or the exercise of options or warrants.

 

In order to raise additional capital to fund our strategic plan, we may issue additional shares of common stock or securities convertible, exchangeable or exercisable into common stock from time to time, which could result in substantial dilution to any person who purchases our common stock. Because we have a negative net tangible book value, purchasers will suffer substantial dilution. We cannot assure you that we will be successful in raising funds from the sale of common stock or other equity securities.

 

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Since we intend to retain any earnings for development of our business for the foreseeable future, you will likely not receive any dividends for the foreseeable future.

 

We have not and do not intend to pay any dividends in the foreseeable future, as we intend to retain any earnings for development and expansion of our business operations. As a result, you will not receive any dividends on your investment for an indefinite period of time.

 

Due to factors beyond our control, our stock price may continue to be volatile.

 

The market price of our common stock has been and is expected to be highly volatile. Any of the following factors could affect the market price of our common stock:

 

  our failure to generate revenue,
  our failure to achieve and maintain profitability,
  short selling activities,
  the sale of a large amount of common stock by our shareholders including those who invested prior to commencement of trading,
  actual or anticipated variations in our quarterly results of operations,
  announcements by us or our competitors of significant contracts, new products, acquisitions, commercial relationships, joint ventures or capital commitments,
  the loss of major customers or product or component suppliers,
  the loss of significant business relationships,
  our failure to meet financial analysts’ performance expectations,
  changes in earnings estimates and recommendations by financial analysts, or
  changes in market valuations of similar companies.

 

In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities, securities class action litigation has often been instituted. A securities class action suit against us could result in substantial costs and divert our management’s time and attention, which would otherwise be used to benefit our business.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

None

 

Item 2. Properties

 

In February of 2016, we moved offices to 12538 West Atlantic Blvd, Coral Springs, Florida. We had a 3-year lease that expired on February 1, 2019 with an option to renew for an additional 3 years. Our offices were comprised of a reception area, conference room, 6 offices, a restroom, a kitchen and a file room. We paid monthly rent of approximately $3,200. We operated on a month-to-month lease from March 1, 2019 through June 1, 2020 when we vacated the Coral Springs office to move all of our operations to our Plantation facility.

 

Since May 13, 2004, ReceptoPharm has leased their office space at 1537 NW 65th Avenue, Plantation, Florida for three consecutive two-year terms. ReceptoPharm’s 5,500 square foot facilities include a reception area, conference room and five offices, a warehouse and a laboratory. On May 10, 2010, ReceptoPharm renewed the lease with Shelter Developers of America (“Shelter”) for the last two-year term beginning on June 1, 2010 and ending May 31, 2012. On July 9, 2012, ReceptoPharm entered into a new lease agreement for a five year period beginning on August 1, 2012. In February of 2016, we signed a lease extension agreement in exchange for certain leasehold improvements that extended our lease through July 31, 2022. In January of 2021, we signed an updated lease with extended terms through January 1, 2023. The lease calls for current monthly payments of approximately $6,500, which includes base rent, common area expenses, real estate taxes and insurance. As of June 1, 2020 we have moved all of our operations into the Plantation facility.

 

We incurred rent expense of $107,718 and $134,047 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

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Item 3. Legal Proceedings

  

Paul Reid et al. v. Nutra Pharma Corp. et al.

 

On August 26, 2016, certain of former ReceptoPharm employees and a former ReceptoPharm consultant filed a lawsuit in the 17th Judicial Circuit in and for Broward County, Florida (Case No. CACE16–015834) against Nutra Pharma and ReceptoPharm to recover $315,000 allegedly owing to them under a settlement agreement reached in an involuntary bankruptcy action that was brought by the same individuals in 2012 and for payment of unpaid wages/breach of written debt confirms.

 

On June 24, 2021, the parties entered into a confidential settlement agreement of the lawsuit. Nutra Pharma has fully performed under the settlement and considers the case fully resolved.

 

Get Credit Healthy, Inc. v. Nutra Pharma Corp. and Rik Deitsch, Case No. CACE 18-017055

 

On August 1, 2018, Get Credit Healthy, Inc. filed a lawsuit against the Company and Rik Deitsch (collectively the “Defendants”) in the 17th Judicial Circuit Court in and for Broward County, Florida (Case No. CACE 18-017055) to recover $100,000 allegedly owed under an amended promissory note dated April 12, 2017. Counsel for Get Credit Healthy, Inc. requested an early mediation conference in an attempt to resolve our dispute. We agreed to this request, and mediation took place on February 15, 2019. At December 31, 2018, we owed principal balance of $101,818 and accrued interest of $21,023. The lawsuit was settled on February 15, 2019 for $104,000 and further amended with scheduled payments. The repayments were made in full as of November 2020 (see Note 6).

 

CSA 8411, LLC v. Nutra Pharma Corp., Case No. CACE 18-023150

 

On October 12, 2018, CSA 8411, LLC filed a lawsuit against the Company in the 17th Judicial Circuit Court in and for Broward County, Florida (Case No. CACE 18-023150) to recover $100,000 allegedly owed under an amended promissory note dated April 12, 2017. On November 1, 2018, the Company filed its Answer and Affirmative Defenses to the Complaint. The Company believes that this lawsuit is without merit. Moreover, the Company believes that it has a number of valid defenses to this claim. Among other things, the owner of CSA 8411, LLC violated the terms of a Binding Memorandum of Understanding by failing to invest in the Company and fraudulently inducing the Company to enter into the subject amended promissory note (contrary to the Get Credit Healthy lawsuit discussed above, we are certain that this individual is the majority owner of CSA 8411, LLC). Opposing counsel reached out to schedule mediation, and mediation was set for June 21, 2019 in Plantation, FL however the mediation was unsuccessful. At December 31, 2020, we owed principal balance of $91,156 and accrued interest of $40,917 (See Note 6) if the defenses and our new claims are deemed to be of no merit. Defendant also filed affirmative claims against the Plaintiff, its owner Dan Oran and several related entities. The case has not been set for trial as of this date.

 

Securities and Exchange Commission v. Nutra Pharma Corporation, Erik Deitsch, and Sean Peter McManus

 

On September 28, 2018, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York (Case No. 2:18-cv-05459) against the Company, Mr. Deitsch, and Mr. McManus. The lawsuit alleges that, from July 2013 through June 2018, the Company and the other defendants’ defrauded investors by making materially false and misleading statements about the Company and violated anti-fraud and other securities laws.

 

The violations alleged against the Company by the SEC include: (a) raising over $920,000 in at least two private placement offerings for which the Company failed to file required registration statements with the SEC; (b) issuing a series of materially false or misleading press releases; (c) making false statements in at least one Form 10-Q; and (d) failing to make required public filings with the SEC to disclose the Company’s issuance of millions of shares of stock. The lawsuit makes additional allegations against Mr. McManus and Mr. Deitsch, including that Mr. McManus acted as a broker without SEC registration and defrauded at least one investor by making false statements about the Company, that Mr. Deitsch engaged in manipulative trades of the Company’s stock by offering to pay more for shares he was purchasing than the amount the seller was willing to take, and that Mr. Deitsch failed to make required public filings with the SEC. The lawsuit seeks both injunctive and monetary relief.

 

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On May 29, 2019 (following each of the defendants filing motions to dismiss), the SEC filed a First Amended Complaint which generally alleged the same conduct as its original Complaint, but accounted for certain guidance provided by the United States Supreme Court in a case that had been recently decided. Each of the defendants then moved to dismiss the SEC’s First Amended Complaint. On March 31, 2020, the Court entered an Order granting in part and denying in part the various motions to dismiss. Following that Order, the SEC filed a Second Amended Complaint (the operative pleading) and the defendants have filed their answers which generally deny liability. At this time, discovery is closed and the SEC has indicated an intent to file a summary judgment motion regarding certain non-fraud claims asserted in its Second Amended Complaint. The defendants have opposed the SEC’s request to file such motion(s). The Court conducted a hearing on February 23, 2021 and set an initial briefing schedule for the SEC’s Motion for Partial Summary Judgment wherein the Plaintiffs’ Motion for Partial Summary Judgment was due on April 5, 2021, the Defendants’ Consolidated (i.e., collectively, Nutra Pharma Corporation, Erik “Rik” Deitsch, and Sean McManus) Response Brief to the SEC’s Motion was due May 3, 2021, and the Plaintiffs’ Reply Brief is due on May 19, 2021. On March 23, 2021, the Plaintiff filed a Motion for Extension of Time to file the Motion for Partial Summary Judgment. On April 9, 2021, the Plaintiff filed a Motion for Partial Summary Judgment, Defendants’ filed a Memorandum of Law in Opposition to Plaintiff’s Motion on May 7, 2021, and Plaintiff filed its Reply brief on May 21, 2021. At this time the Court has not ruled on the pending Motion. Nutra Pharma disputes the allegations in this lawsuit and continues to vigorously defend against the SEC’s claims. Mr. Deitsch and Mr. McManus have similarly defended the lawsuit since its filing and each contest liability. The Company does not believe that it engaged in any fraudulent activity or made any material misrepresentations concerning the Company and/or its products.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

None

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity; Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Market Information

 

Our common stock is quoted on the over-the-counter (“OTC-Market”) under the trading symbol “NPHC”. The following table sets forth the high and low bid prices for each quarter within the last two fiscal years.

 

    2020 Fiscal Year  
    High Bid     Low Bid  
First Quarter   $ 0.0012     $ 0.0004  
Second Quarter   $ 0.0009     $ 0.0005  
Third Quarter   $ 0.0016     $ 0.0006  
Fourth Quarter   $ 0.0017     $ 0.0004  

 

    2019 Fiscal Year  
    High Bid     Low Bid  
First Quarter   $ 0.0005     $ 0.0002  
Second Quarter   $ 0.0004     $ 0.0002  
Third Quarter   $ 0.0004     $ 0.0002  
Fourth Quarter   $ 0.0006     $ 0.0002  

 

The above quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, markdown or commission and may not represent actual transactions.

 

Penny Stock Considerations

 

Our shares of common stock are “penny stocks” as that term is generally defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as equity securities with a price of less than $5.00. Our shares are subject to rules that impose sales practice and disclosure requirements on broker-dealers who engage in certain transactions involving a penny stock.

 

Under the penny stock regulations, a broker-dealer selling a penny stock to anyone other than an established customer or “accredited investor” must make a special suitability determination regarding the purchaser and must receive the purchaser’s written consent to the transaction prior to the sale, unless the broker-dealer is otherwise exempt. Generally, an individual with a net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or annual income exceeding $200,000 individually or $300,000 together with his or her spouse is considered an accredited investor.

 

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In addition, under the penny stock regulations the broker-dealer is required to:

 

  Deliver, prior to any transaction involving a penny stock, a disclosure schedule prepared by the Securities and Exchange Commission relating to the penny stock market, unless the broker-dealer or the transaction is otherwise exempt;
  Disclose commission payable to the broker-dealer and its registered representatives and current bid and offer quotations for the securities;
  Send monthly statements disclosing recent price information pertaining to the penny stock held in a customer’s account, the account’s value and information regarding the limited market in penny stocks; and
  Make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction, prior to conducting any penny stock transaction in the customer’s account.

 

Because of these regulations, broker-dealers may encounter difficulties in their attempt to sell shares of our common stock, which may affect the ability of shareholders to sell their shares in the secondary market and have the effect of reducing the level of trading activity in the secondary market. These additional sales practice and disclosure requirements could impede the sale of our securities. In addition, the liquidity for our securities may be adversely affected, with a corresponding decrease in the price of our securities. Our shares are subject to such penny stock rules and our shareholders will, in all likelihood, find it difficult to sell their securities.

 

Holders

 

As of September 8, 2021, based upon records obtained from our transfer agent, there were 339 holders of record of our common stock. Our transfer agent records do not account for other holders of our common stock that are held in street name or by broker dealers as custodian for individual holders of our stock. We have one class of common stock outstanding.

 

Dividends

 

We have not declared any cash dividends on our common stock since our inception and do not anticipate paying such dividends in the foreseeable future. We plan to retain any future earnings for use in our business. Any decisions as to future payment of dividends will depend on our earnings and financial position and such other factors as our Board of Directors deems relevant. There are no restrictions contained in our bylaws or otherwise pertaining to our issuing dividends.

 

Equity Compensation Plans

 

Securities authorized per issuance under Equity Compensation Plans as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

   

Number of

Securities

to be issued

upon exercise

of outstanding

options,

warrants and

rights

 

Weighted-

average

exercise

price of

outstanding

options,

warrants

and rights

 

Number of

Securities

Remaining

available
for future

issuance
under equity

compensation

plans (excluding

securities reflected in column(a))

Plan category     (a)       (b)       (c)  
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders     0       N/A       N/A  
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders     0     $ 4.00       6,375  
Total     0     $ 4.00       6,375  

 

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The figures contained in the above chart are composed of our 2003 and 2007 Employee /Consultant Stock Compensation Plans and two (2) option agreements we have with a corporate entity and our former Chairman of the Board/Executive Chairman, as follows:

 

2003 Plan

 

On December 3, 2003, our Board of Directors approved the Employee/Consultant Stock Compensation Plan (the “2003 Plan”). The purpose of the 2003 Plan is to further our growth by allowing us to compensate employees and consultants who have provided bona fide services to us through the award of our common stock. The maximum number of shares of common stock that may be issued under the 2003 Plan is 62,500. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, we had issued a total of 62,375 shares under the 2003 Plan.

 

2007 Plan

 

On June 6, 2007, our Board of Directors approved the 2007 Employee/Consultant Stock Compensation Plan (the “2007 Plan”). The purpose of the 2007 Plan is to further our growth by allowing us to compensate employees and consultants who have provided bona fide services to us through the award of our common stock. The maximum number of shares of common stock that may be issued under the 2007 Plan is 625,000. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, we had issued a total of 618,750 shares under the 2007 Plan.

 

Our Board of Directors is responsible for the administration of the 2003 and 2007 Plans and has full authority to grant awards under the Plans. Awards may take the form of stock grants, options or warrants to purchase common stock. The Board of Directors has the authority to determine: (a) the employees and consultants that will receive awards under the Plan, (b) the number of shares, options or warrants to be granted to each employee or consultant, (c) the exercise price, term and vesting periods, if any, in connection with an option grant, and (d) the purchase price and vesting period, if any, in connection with the granting of a warrant to purchase shares of our common stock.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

With respect to the securities issuances described below, no solicitations were made and no underwriting discounts were given or paid in connection with these transactions. The Company believes that the issuance of these securities as described below were exempt from registration with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933.

 

Common Stock Issued for Conversion of Convertible Debt

 

During February through June 2021, the Note holder received a total of 240,350,000 shares of our restricted common stock in satisfaction the $120,175 of the Note with a fair value of $2,344,399.

 

During March 2021, in connection with this settlement of the $6,000 of the Note of $11,000 originated in November 2018, we issued 11,000,000 shares of common stocks in satisfaction of $6,000 of the Note with a fair value of $104,500.

 

During April 2021, in connection with this settlement of the remaining balance of $8,500 of the Note of $12,000 originated in December 2018, we issued 2,000,000 shares of common stocks in satisfaction of $4,000 of the Note with a fair value of $15,200.

 

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Common Stock Issued for Conversion of Promissory Note

 

During February 2021, we issued 29,072,500 shares of common stock to satisfy the accrued interest of $23,258 with fair value of $343,056 for the Note with principal balance of $166,926 restated in July 2020.

 

Common Stock Issued for Default Payments

 

During January 2021, we issued a total of 25,000,000 restricted shares to a Note holder due to the default on repayments of the promissory note of $166,926 amended in July 2020. The shares were valued at fair value of $107,500.

 

Common Stock Issued for Consulting Service

 

During June 2021, the Company signed an agreement with a consultant for services for six months. In connection with the agreement, 5,000,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stocks were issued. The shares were valued at $0.0066 per share. The compensation charge of $33,000 will be amortized over the six months. 5,000,000 shares will be issued every 30 days through November 2021. The unissued 25,000,000 shares are vesting over the six-month period.

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

As a Smaller Reporting Company, we are not required to provide information required by Item 6.

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

In preparing the consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP), we have adopted various accounting policies. Our most significant accounting policies are disclosed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Our estimates and assumptions, including those related to the ability to continue as going concern, the recoverability of inventory and long-lived assets, the fair value of stock-based compensation, the fair value of debt, the fair value of derivative liabilities, recognition of loss contingencies and deferred tax valuation allowances are updated as appropriate, which in most cases is at least quarterly. We base our estimates on historical experience, or various assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances and the results form the basis for making judgments about the reported values of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Actual results may materially differ from these estimates.

 

Estimates are considered to be critical if they meet both of the following criteria: (1) the estimate requires assumptions about material matters that are uncertain at the time the accounting estimates are made, and (2) other materially different estimates could have been reasonably made or material changes in the estimates are reasonably likely to occur from period to period. Our critical accounting estimates include the following:

 

Revenue Recognition: The Company accounts for revenue from contracts with customers in accordance with Financial Accounting Standard Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”). Under ASC Topic 606, revenue recognition has a five-step process: a) Determine whether a contract exists; b) Identify the performance obligations; c) Determine the transaction price; d) Allocate the transaction price; and e) Recognize revenue when (or as) performance obligations are satisfied.

 

Our revenues are primarily derived from customer orders for the purchase of our products. We recognize revenues as performance obligations are fulfilled upon shipment of products. We record revenues net of promotions and discounts. For certain product sales to a distributor, we record revenue including a portion of the cash proceeds that is remitted back to the distributor.

 

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Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts: We grant credit without collateral to our customers based on our evaluation of a particular customer’s credit worthiness. Accounts receivable are due 30 days after the issuance of the invoice. In addition, allowances for doubtful accounts are maintained for potential credit losses based on the age of the accounts receivable and the results of periodic credit evaluations of our customers’ financial condition. Accounts receivable are written off after collection efforts have been deemed to be unsuccessful. Accounts written off as uncollectible are deducted from the allowance for doubtful accounts, while subsequent recoveries are netted against the provision for doubtful accounts expense. We generally do not charge interest on accounts receivable. We use third party payment processors and are required to maintain reserve balances, which are included in accounts receivable.

 

Our accounts receivable are stated at estimated net realizable value. Accounts receivable are comprised of balances due from customers net of estimated allowances for uncollectible accounts. In determining collectability, historical trends are evaluated and specific customer issues are reviewed to arrive at appropriate allowances.

 

Inventory Obsolescence: Inventories are valued at the lower of average cost or market value. We periodically perform an evaluation of inventory for excess, impairments and obsolete items. At December 31, 2020, our inventory consisted entirely of raw materials and finished goods that are utilized in the manufacturing of finished goods. These raw materials generally have expiration dates in excess of 10 years. Commencing on October 1, 2019, we classify inventory as short-term or long-term inventory based on timing of when it is expected to be consumed.

 

Long-Lived Assets: The carrying value of long-lived assets is reviewed annually and on a regular basis for the existence of facts and circumstances that may suggest impairment. If indicators of impairment are present, we determine whether the sum of the estimated undiscounted future cash flows attributable to the long-lived asset in question is less than its carrying amount. If less, we measure the amount of the impairment based on the amount that the carrying value of the impaired asset exceeds the discounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposal of the impaired assets.

 

Derivative Financial Instrument: Management evaluates all of its financial instruments to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives. For derivative financial instruments that are accounted for as liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value and is then re-valued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported as charges or credits to income. For option-based simple derivative financial instruments, the Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to value the derivative instruments at inception and subsequent valuation dates. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is re-assessed at the end of each reporting period. Derivative instrument liabilities are classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument could be required within 12 months of the balance sheet date.

 

We do not use derivative instruments to hedge exposures to cash flow, market, or foreign currency risks.

 

Convertible Debt: For convertible debt that does not contain an embedded derivative that requires bifurcation, the conversion feature is evaluated to determine if the rate of conversion is below market value and should be categorized as a beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”). A BCF related to debt is recorded by the Company as a debt discount and with the offset recorded to equity. The related convertible debt is recorded net of the discount for the BCF. The discount is amortized as additional interest expense over the term of the debt with the resulting debt discount being accreted over the term of the note.

 

The Fair Value Measurement Option: We have elected the fair value measurement option for convertible debt with embedded derivatives that require bifurcation, and record the entire hybrid financing instrument at fair value under the guidance of ASC Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging (“ASC Topic 815”). The Company reports interest expense, including accrued interest, related to this convertible debt under the fair value option, within the change in fair value of convertible notes and derivatives in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations.

 

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Derivative Accounting for Convertible Debt and Options and Warrants: The Company evaluated the terms and conditions of the convertible debt under the guidance of ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging. The conversion terms of some of the convertible notes are variable based on certain factors, such as the future price of the Company’s common stock. The number of shares of common stock to be issued is based on the future price of the Company’s common stock. The number of shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the debt is indeterminate. Due to the fact that the number of shares of common stock issuable could exceed the Company’s authorized share limit, the equity environment is tainted, and all additional convertible debt and options and warrants are included in the value of the derivative liabilities. Pursuant to ASC 815-15, Embedded Derivatives, the fair values of the convertible debt, options and warrants and shares to be issued were recorded as derivative liabilities on the issuance date and revalued at each reporting period.

 

Share-Based Compensation: We record share-based compensation in accordance with FASB ASC 718, Stock Compensation. FASB ASC 718 requires that the cost resulting from all share-based transactions are recorded in the financial statements over the respective service periods. It establishes fair value as the measurement objective in accounting for share-based payment arrangements and requires all entities to apply a fair-value-based measurement in accounting for share-based payment transactions with employees. FASB ASC 718 also establishes fair value as the measurement objective for transactions in which an entity acquires goods or services from non-employees in share-based payment transactions.

 

Accomplishments during 2020 & Subsequent Accomplishments

 

On September 22, 2020, Dr. Dale VanderPutten, our Chief Scientific Officer was invited by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) to present our nerve agent countermeasure technology in a Tech Watch talk to an audience of military and civilian experts in chem/bio defense. The talk titled “A Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor (nAChR) Directed Organophosphate Countermeasure” was presented in a virtual internet meeting to a select expert audience invited by DTRA. The consensus of the comments and questions on the presentation supported the idea that despite past efforts, there remains an unmet need for nAChR directed defenses and that our demonstration of human safety in the clinic and pre-clinical proof of concept deserves aggressive follow up.

 

On November 4, 2020, we announced the elimination of toxic institutional debt as the last institutional note was purchased by a long-term individual investor.

 

On November 11, 2020, we announced that Nyloxin has been accepted to be listed on the Walmart Marketplace and is now available there for purchase on www.Walmart.com.

 

On February 12, 2021, we announced that we are focusing on our intellectual property portfolio and have engaged new IP attorneys at Christopher & Weisberg P.A.

 

On February 23, 2021, we provided updates on our work in improving our existing facilities for manufacturing and validation of our drug products. This included the renewal of our lease for our current lab space and bringing all of manufacturing in-house.

 

On March 11, 2021, we announced that we had engaged AccuReg, Inc. as outside Regulatory and Quality Assurance consultants as part of our work in improving our existing facilities for manufacturing and validation of our drug products.

 

On March 16, 2021, we announced our plans for the marketing and distribution of Luxury Feet; an over-the-counter pain reliever and anti-inflammatory product that is designed for women who experience pain or discomfort due to high heels and stilettos.

 

On April 15, 2021, we announced that our newest product, Luxury Feet, was available for purchase on Amazon.com.

 

On May 24, 2021, we announced today plans for expanding the marketing of our over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory products by working with influencers on several social media platforms. These will include celebrities as well as professional and Olympic athletes that have benefitted from our products.

 

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On May 27, 2021, we provided updates on increasing our manufacturing capabilities for the production of our line of over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs. As part of this process, we have completed the design and purchase for a new liquid filling line that includes automatic filling, capping, coding, labeling and heat shrinking for most of our products. The new equipment will allow production of up to 40 bottles per minute, which greatly increases our manufacturing capacity. The equipment is expected to be validated, certified and in production by early September of 2021.

 

On June 2, 2021, we announced that we had signed an agreement with professional snowboarder Jake Vedder as a celebrity endorser of Nyloxin for Chronic Pain relief. Mr. Vedder will provide marketing content, videos and testimonials on the use of our product and as a social media influencer.

 

On June 4, 2021, we announced our plans for increasing sales of our over-the-counter pain relievers through private label agreements that will rebrand Nyloxin. The first private label distributor contract has been executed with sales expected to start within the next 4-6 weeks. Their marketing plan includes direct sales, targeted landing pages and aggressive marketing through social media.

 

On June 8, 2021, we announced that Diverse Health Services of Metro-Detroit has added the Nyloxin line of products to their offerings. Nyloxin is already being sold in-house at their facilities and will be added shortly to their online marketplace. Their marketing plan includes direct sales to patients and other medical facilities, sales through their websites and social media utilizing their online platforms as well as videos featuring Dr. Randall Tent.

 

On July 15, 2021, we announced that we had engaged the Washington DC-based government affairs consulting firm, Vitello Consulting. The firm will work with elected officials as well as governmental agencies to increase the awareness of Nutra Pharma’s products and technologies with the goal of improving sales, garnering grants and potentially speeding drug applications.

 

On July 23, 2021, we announced that we filed a new provisional patent to protect our intellectual property surrounding our development of nerve agent counter measures.

 

Results of Operations

 

Status of Operations

 

In November 2014, we announced the recertification of our laboratory facility as the first step in re-engaging our drug development activities. In September, 2015 we received Orphan designation from the FDA for our lead drug candidate, RPI-78M for the treatment of Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis. This will allow us to shorten the timeline on clinical studies and may allow an eventual Fast Track through the approval process. We are currently working with our consultants to prepare a pre-IND meeting with the FDA in order to gain approval of a protocol for a Phase I/II clinical study in Pediatric MS. Our goal is to begin the study by the end of 2021.

 

We estimate that we will require approximately $600,000 to fund our existing operations and the operations of our subsidiary ReceptoPharm over the next twelve months. These costs include: (i) compensation for four (4) full-time employees; (ii) compensation for various consultants who we deem critical to our business; (iii) general office expenses including rent and utilities; (iv) product liability insurance; and (v) outside legal and accounting services. These costs reflected in (i) – (v) do not include research and development costs or other costs associated with clinical studies.

 

We began generating revenues from the sale of Cobroxin® in the fourth quarter of 2009 and from the sale of Nyloxin® and Nyloxin® Extra Strength in January of 2011. We began sales of Pet Pain-Away in December 2014. While sales have decreased year over year, they have been limited and inconsistent. Our ability to meet our future operating expenses is highly dependent on the amount of such future revenues. If future revenues from the sale of Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away are insufficient to cover our operating expenses we may need to raise additional equity capital, which could result in substantial dilution to existing shareholders. There can be no assurance that we will be able to raise sufficient equity capital to fund our working capital requirements on terms acceptable to us, or at all. We may also seek additional loans from our officers and directors; however, there can be no assurance that we will be successful in securing such additional loans.

 

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Comparison of Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

 

Sales for the year ended December 31, 2020 were $51,897 compared to $104,393 for the comparable period in 2019. All of the sales in 2020 and 2019 were related to product sales. The decrease in sales is primarily attributable to an overall decrease in sales of Pet Pain-Away.

 

Cost of sales for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 was $15,678 and $45,730. Cost of sales includes the direct costs associated with manufacturing, shipping and handling costs. Our gross profit margin for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $36,219 or 69.79% compared to $58,663 or 56.19% for the year ended December 31, 2019. The increase in our profit margin is primarily due to decrease in the manufacturing cost. In addition, we had an impairment of prepaid inventory of $21,303 and $23,948 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, due to slow-moving inventory.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses (“SG&A”) decreased $101,456 or 8.43% from $1,202,819 for the year ended December 31, 2019 to $1,101,363 for the year ended December 31, 2020. The decrease is due to decreases in professional fees, stock based compensation and bad debt expense. In addition, we had a bad debt recovery from the receivables from companies owned by the Company’s CEO for $161,500 during the year ended December 31, 2020. We incurred bad debt expense of $59,000 from the receivables from companies owned by the Company’s CEO for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Other income increased $5,000 or 100%, from $0 for the year ended December 31, 2019 to $5,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020. This increase was due to the EIDL advance forgiven by SBA during June 2020.

 

Interest expense, including related party interest expense, increased $74,149 or 28.30%, from $262,025 for the year ended December 31, 2019 to $336,174 for the year ended December 31, 2020. This increase was primarily due to increase of amortization of loan discount in the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

We carry certain of our debentures and common stock warrants at fair value. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the liability related to these hybrid instruments fluctuated, resulting in a loss of $1,012,556 and $5,184,445, respectively. Interest expense on these debentures is included in the fair value loss in the statements of operations.

 

Gain on settlement of debts, accounts payable, and accrued expenses increased $1,494,672 or 1,613.75%, from $92,621 for the year ended December 31, 2019 to $1,587,293 for the year ended December 31, 2020. This increase in gain was primarily due to the increase in gain on settlement of debts through issuance of stocks.

 

Stock issued for loan modification increased $80,100 or 1,040.26% from $7,700 for the year ended December 31, 2019 to $87,800 for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Our net loss decreased by $5,822,258 or 88.33%, from $6,591,442 for the year ended December 31, 2019 to $769,184 for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

During December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, we had negative cash from operations of approximately $0.87 million and $0.74 million. Our lack of cash, significant losses and working capital and stockholders’ deficits raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, we have experienced net loss of $769,184 and $6,591,442, respectively, and had an accumulated deficit of $68,633,468 for the period from our inception to December 31, 2020. In addition, we had working capital and stockholders’ deficits at December 31, 2020 of $11,427,256 and $11,493,815, respectively.

 

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Our ability to continue as a going concern is contingent upon our ability to secure additional financing, increase ownership equity and attain profitable operations. In addition, our ability to continue as a going concern must be considered in light of the problems, expenses and complications frequently encountered in established markets and the competitive environment in which we operate.

 

As of December 31, 2020, we had $0 in cash and owed approximately $2.99 million in vendor payables and accrued expenses. We currently do not have sufficient cash to sustain our operations for the next 12 months and will require additional financing or an increase in sales in order to execute our operating plan and continue as a going concern. Our plan is to continue to increase sales of our products and attempt to secure adequate funding to bridge the commercialization of our Nyloxin® and Pet Pain-Away products. We cannot predict whether additional financing will be in the form of equity, debt, or another form and we may be unable to obtain the necessary additional capital on a timely basis, on acceptable terms, or at all. In the event that these financing sources do not materialize, or that we are unsuccessful in increasing our revenues and profits, we may be unable to implement our current plans for expansion, repay our obligations as they become due or continue as a going concern, any of which circumstances would have a material adverse effect on our business prospects, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Historically, we have relied upon loans from our Chief Executive Officer Rik J Deitsch, to fund costs associated with our operations. These loans are unsecured, accrue interest at a rate of 4.0% per annum and are due on demand. At December 31, 2020, the balance due to our President and CEO, Rik Deitsch, is $200,837, which is an unsecured demand loan that bears interest at 4%. During the year ended December 31, 2020, we advanced $22,150 to and collected $254,000 from Mr. Deitsch and the Companies owned by him. Additionally, accrued interest on the demand loan was $7,675 and is included in the due to officer account. For the year ended December 31, 2020, we recorded a bad debt expense recovery of $161,500. The Company has fully reserved receivables from companies owned by the Company’s CEO. The reserve was $402,970 as of December 31, 2020, which represents a full valuation allowance for amounts owed by these Companies.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2020, we raised net cash proceeds of $527,983 through the issuance of convertible notes, advances of $50,000 from an unrelated third party, and $214,795 from SBA loans. Current operations are being funded through a combination of product sales, loans from our CEO and convertible notes.

 

Impact of COVID-19 on our Operations

 

The ramifications of the outbreak of the novel strain of COVID-19, reported to have started in December 2019 and spread globally, are filled with uncertainty and changing quickly. Our operations have continued during the COVID-19 pandemic and we have not had significant disruption. Beginning in June 2020, the Company experienced a delay in retail rollout as a downstream implication of the slowing economy. We also closed our Coral Springs office in effort to save money. During May 2020, we received approval from SBA to fund our request for a PPP loan for $64,895. We used the proceeds primarily for payroll costs. We expect forgiveness of this loan under the current terms of requirement by the SBA. During April and June 2020, we obtained the loan in the amount of $150,000 from SBA under its Economic Injury Disaster Loan assistance program. We used the proceeds primarily for rent, payroll, utilities, accounting and legal expenses.

 

The Company is operating in a rapidly changing environment so the extent to which COVID-19 impacts its business, operations and financial results from this point forward will depend on numerous evolving factors that the Company cannot accurately predict. Those factors include the following: the duration and scope of the pandemic; governmental, business and individuals’ actions that have been and continue to be taken in response to the pandemic; and the distribution of testing and a vaccine.

 

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Uncertainties and Trends

 

Our operations and possible revenues are dependent now and in the future upon the following factors:

 

  Whether we successfully develop and commercialize products from our research and development activities.
  If we fail to compete effectively in the intensely competitive biotechnology area, our operations and market position will be negatively impacted.
  If we fail to successfully execute our planned partnering and out-licensing of products or technologies, our future performance will be adversely affected.
  The recent economic downturn and related credit and financial market crisis may adversely affect our ability to obtain financing, conduct our operations and realize opportunities to successfully bring our technologies to market.
  Biotechnology industry related litigation is substantial and may continue to rise, leading to greater costs and unpredictable litigation.
  If we fail to comply with extensive legal/regulatory requirements affecting the healthcare industry, we will face increased costs, and possibly penalties and business losses.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have not entered into any transaction, agreement or other contractual arrangement with an entity unconsolidated with us under whom we have:

 

  An obligation under a guarantee contract.
  A retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to the unconsolidated entity or similar arrangement that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support to such entity for such assets.
  Any obligation, including a contingent obligation, under a contract that would be accounted for as a derivative instrument.
  Any obligation, including a contingent obligation, arising out of a variable interest in an unconsolidated entity that is held by us and material to us where such entity provides financing, liquidity, market risk or credit risk support to, or engages in leasing, hedging or research and development services with us.

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements or commitments that have a current or future effect on its financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources that is material, other than those which may be disclosed in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Not applicable. We have no investments in market risk sensitive instruments or in any other type securities.

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

The information required by this item begins on page F-1 and is attached hereto and incorporated herein by reference. The index to our annual financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 can be found under Item 15.

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

None.

 

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Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

 

Section 1.

  

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures:

 

As of December 31, 2020, we carried out an evaluation under the supervision and the participation of our Chief Executive Officer/Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2020, as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”). Based on that evaluation, our management, including our Chief Executive Officer/Chief Financial Officer, concluded that, because of the material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting discussed in Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting below, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective, at a reasonable assurance level, as of December 31, 2020. In light of this, we performed additional post-closing procedures and analyses in order to prepare the Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report. As a result of these procedures, we believe our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report present fairly, in all material respects, our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. A control system cannot provide absolute assurance, however, that the objectives of the controls system are met, and no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, with the company have been detected.

 

Section 2.

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

During its evaluation of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, our management concluded that its material weaknesses in its internal controls over financial reporting include matters pertaining to: (a) lack of qualified accounting personnel; (b) inadequate segregation of duties, and (c) the need to enhance the supervision, monitoring and reviewing of financial statement preparation processes due to lack of qualified accounting personnel.

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our internal control over financial reporting is the process designed by and under the supervision of our Chief Executive Officer/Chief Financial Officer, or the persons performing similar functions, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial reporting and the preparation of our financial statements for external reporting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Management has evaluated the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting using the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO-2013) in Internal Control over Financial Reporting - Guidance for Smaller Public Companies. Under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer/Chief Financial Officer, our management has assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020 and concluded that it is ineffective because of the material weaknesses. These identified material weaknesses included (i) an insufficient accounting staff; (ii) inadequate segregation of duties; (iii) limited checks and balances in processing cash and other transactions; and (iv) lack of independent directors and an independent audit committee.

 

To remedy these weaknesses, when financially able, we plan to supplement our accounting staff with additional experienced financial professionals, redefining and realigning responsibilities and by defining additional controls, reporting processes and procedures to address the accounting requirements and disclosures, and engage independent directors and a qualified independent audit committee.

 

In addition, until we locate and engage appropriate accounting personnel, we will engage third party consultants to assist in accounting for complex transactions and disclosures.

 

The material weaknesses discussed above will not be considered remediated until the necessary personnel have been engaged and the applicable remedial controls operate for a sufficient period of time and management has concluded, through testing, that these controls are operating effectively.

 

Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s registered public accounting firm pursuant to temporary rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit the Company to provide only management’s report in this annual report.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by paragraph (d) of Rule 13a-15 or 15d-15 under the Exchange Act that occurred during the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2020 that have materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Item 9B. Other Information

 

In conjunction with Item 9A above (Evaluation of Internal Controls over Financial Reporting) and following our management’s assessment and conclusion that our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020 is ineffective, because of the material weaknesses described above, we are seeking a new Chief Financial Officer pending funding.

 

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PART III

 

Item 10. Directors and Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

Paul Reid, PhD resigned as ReceptoPharm’s Chief Executive Officer in November 2011. Our Director, Harold Rumph, filled the role in running ReceptoPharm operations until his passing on August 9, 2020. Our Chief Scientific Officer, Dale Vanderputten, PhD currently acts as the President of ReceptoPharm.

 

Directors and Executive Officers

 

Our Board of Directors elects our executive officers annually. Directors are elected to hold office until the next annual meeting. A majority vote of the directors who are in office is required to fill vacancies of our Board of Directors not caused by removal. Each director, including a Director elected to fill a vacancy, will hold office until the expiration of the term for which the Director was elected and until a successor has been elected. Our directors and executive officers are as follows:

 

Listed below are our executive officers and directors as of December 31, 2020

 

Name   Age   Position with the Company   Director Since
Rik J. Deitsch   53   Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer   2002
Stewart Lonky, M.D.   72   Director (1)   2004
Garry R. Pottruck   62   Director (1)   July 2009
Dale Vanderputten   59   Chief Scientific Officer   August 2016

 

(1) Dr. Lonky and Garry R. Pottruck are members of our Audit Committee and Compensation Committee.

 

Rik J. Deitsch has been our President, Chief Executive Officer and a Director since November 7, 2002 and our Chairman of the Board from December 15, 2003 until June 1, 2005 and from April 1, 2006 to present. Mr. Deitsch served as our Chief Financial Officer from November 2002 until March 2012 and from September 2012 to present. From February 1998 through November 2002, Mr. Deitsch served as the President of NDA Consulting Inc., a biotechnology research group that provided consulting services to the pharmaceutical industry. NDA Consulting specializes in the research of peptides derived from Cone Snail venom and Cobra venom. In October 1999, Mr. Deitsch founded Wellness Industries, a private corporation that provides formulations, research and education in the dietary supplement industry. Research conducted by Rik J Deitsch provided some of the beginning fundamentals for the development of drugs being studied for the treatment of cancer and intractable pain. Mr. Deitsch has prepared several papers and posters on rational drug design using computer simulations. Mr. Deitsch received a B.S. in Chemistry and an M.S. in Biochemistry from Florida Atlantic University in June 1997 and December 1999, respectively. Throughout 1999 and 2000, he conducted research for the Duke University Medical School Comprehensive Cancer Center. Mr. Deitsch has served as an adjunct professor and has taught several courses for Florida Atlantic University’s College of Business and Continuing Education Department. Mr. Deitsch also teaches physician CME courses internationally, lecturing on lifestyle choices in the prevention and treatment of chronic disease states. He is the co-author of two books: Are You Age-Wise, a book that reviews current research in healthy aging as it relates to lifestyle choices and supplementation and Invisible Killers, a book that outlines our exposure to environmental toxins.

 

Dr. Stewart Lonky has been our director since November 5, 2004. Dr. Lonky was a co-founder of the Trylon Corporation, a medical device firm located in Torrance, California, and served as its Chief Medical Officer from 1990-2005. Trylon Corporation developed diagnostic products for the early diagnosis of cervical and oral cancer, and in connection with that Dr. Lonky’s responsibilities included product development, the direction of clinical research and interacting with regulatory agencies, including the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In these roles he was instrumental in successfully bringing a number of products to the medical marketplace. He has continued to be engaged in both clinical and biochemical research, and has published research articles in the peer-reviewed literature in the areas of cervical cancer and cellular pathophysiology. Since 2005, Dr. Lonky has held an advisory position with another medical device company, Histologics, LLC. Dr. Lonky has been a practicing physician in the Los Angeles Area since 1982. He is Board Certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Medicine, and Critical Care Medicine. Prior to entering practice, Dr. Lonky served as a full-time faculty member at the University of California, San Diego in the Department of Medicine, Pulmonary Division, where he was engaged in research in the biochemistry of lung injury. He was a National Institutes of Health (NIH) Postdoctoral Fellow from 1974-77. He has published over twenty articles and abstracts in the peer-reviewed literature during that time, and authored two book chapters.

 

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Harold H. Rumph became our Director on April 10, 2008 when ReceptoPharm became our wholly owned subsidiary and has served on our Board until his death on August 9, 2020. Since November of 2011, Mr. Rumph acted in the capacity as Interim President of ReceptoPharm. From May 2003 to August 9, 2020, Harold H. Rumph has been the President/Director of ReceptoPharm, Inc., a biotechnology company located in Plantation, Florida. From September 1988 to April 2003, Mr. Rumph was the President/Founder of Project Scheduling Services, Inc., a computerized scheduling services company to the construction industry, located in Pompano Beach, Florida. From 1962 to 1988, Mr. Rumph held managerial, marketing, and other positions with IBM, RCA, Xerox, Harris Corporation and was a founder and President of Biogenix, Inc., a biotechnology company located in Boca Raton, Florida. From 1953 to 1962, Mr. Rumph served on active duty with various responsibilities including Tactical Fighter Pilot and at Headquarters United States Air Force Intelligence with the United States Air Force. In 1953, Mr. Rumph received a Bachelor of Science Degree in Military Science from the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis Maryland.

 

Garry Pottruck became our Director and Chairman of our Audit and Compensation Committees in July 2009. Since January 2011, Mr. Pottruck has been employed as a tax principal at the CPA firm of Blum and Blum. From 1997 through 2011, he was partner in the certified public accounting firm, Friedberg and Pottruck, PA, and its successor firm, located in Deerfield Beach, FL. Mr. Pottruck held financial executive positions with several companies, both public and private, from 1984 through 1994. Prior to 1984, Mr. Pottruck worked for public accounting firms after graduating with a B.S. Degree in Accounting from the C.W. Post School of Professional Accountancy at Long Island University in 1979. He is currently licensed as a Certified Public Accountant in Florida.

 

Dale Vanderputten, PhD became our Chief Scientific Officer on July 27, 2016. Dr. Vanderputten has been CEO and CSO of the biotechnology company Omnia Biologics, Inc., headquartered in Rockville, MD since 2003. From 1999 through 2003 he was COO and CSO of cancer gene therapy company DirectGene, Inc., headquartered in Annapolis, MD. Dr VanderPutten has held scientific and technology development positions in government, academia and industry from 1980 through 1999 including at the National Institutes of Health, University of Maryland, and Proteome Sciences, plc. Dr. VanderPutten received a Bachelor of Sciences degree in Biology and Chemistry from the American University in Washington, DC in 1982, a PhD in Genetics from the George Washington University in 1993 and an MBA from the University of Maryland in 1996. He did his doctoral and post-doctoral training in molecular neuro-biology at the National Institutes of Health. Dr. Vanderputten will begin his tenure as CSO by taking over Nutra Pharma’s clinical product development. RPI-78M, the Company’s therapy for Multiple Sclerosis, received Orphan Designation from the FDA for the treatment of Juvenile Multiple Sclerosis in September 2015. Dr. Vanderputten will work with our researchers and regulators to move RPI-78M through the clinical process for an eventual approval or licensing.

 

Section 16(a) Compliance of Officers and Directors

 

As of September 8, 2021, based on our review of Forms 3, 4, 5, and Schedule 13D furnished to us during the last fiscal year, all of our officers and directors filed the required reports.

 

Corporate Governance

 

a. Committees

 

(i) Audit Committee

 

On November 5, 2004, our Board of Directors established an Audit Committee. An audit committee charter was approved by the Board on October 14, 2012. Mr. Pottruck became the Chairman/Member of the Audit Committee as of July 29, 2009. Dr. Lonky also serves on the Audit Committee. During our 2020 Fiscal Year, our Audit Committee met two times in connection with our Fiscal Year audit, at which time the audit committee reviewed the audited financial statements and related notes. In addition, the audit committee met prior to the filing of each of the 2020 quarterly reports to review such reports. The Audit Committee addresses any questions it has to our Board members and officers, and our principal independent accountants.

 

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(ii) Compensation Committee

 

On November 5, 2004, our Board of Directors established a Compensation Committee. We do not have a Compensation Committee Charter. Dr. Lonky serves on our Compensation Committee and Mr. Pottruck became our Compensation Committee’s Chairman as of July 29, 2009. During our 2020 fiscal year, our Compensation Committee met two times. Our Compensation Committee reviews all salaries, expenses, stock plans, and other compensation paid to our officers, directors, consultants, and others. Our Compensation Committee has not adopted any specific processes or procedures for considering executive and director compensation.

 

(iii) Nominating Committee

 

We do not have a Nominating Committee or similar committee performing similar functions nor a written Nominating Committee Charter. Our Board of Directors as a whole decides such matters, including those that would be performed by a standing nominating committee. We have not yet adopted a nominating committee because we have not sufficiently developed revenue-generating operations. We do not currently have any specific or minimum criteria for the election of nominees to our Board of Directors nor do we have any process or procedure for evaluating such nominees.

 

b. Shareholder Communications

 

Our Board of Directors does not have any defined policy or procedure requirements for our stockholders to send communications to our Board of Directors, including submission of recommendations for nominating directors. We have not yet adopted a process for our security holders to communicate with our Board of Directors because we have not sufficiently developed our operations and corporate governance structure. We have a toll-free number at (877) 895-5647 available on our website for our shareholders to contact us as well as a dedicated email address at investor.relations@nutrapharma.com.

 

c. Board of Director Meetings

 

We had five Board of Directors meetings during our 2020 Fiscal Year. Our corporate actions that were subject to Board approval were accomplished by Board resolutions. We request that all of our Directors attend our Board of Director meetings; however, we have no formal policy regarding their attendance.

 

d. Annual Shareholder Meetings

 

We held no annual shareholder meeting during 2020.

 

We request that all of our Directors attend our Annual Shareholder Meetings; however, we have no formal policy regarding their attendance.

 

e. Code of Ethics

 

We have a code of ethics that applies to all of our employees including its principal executive officer, principal financial officer and principal accounting officer. A copy of this code is available without charge on our website at www.nutrapharma.com. We intend to disclose any changes in or waivers from our code of ethics by posting such information on our website or by filing a Form 8-K.

 

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Item 11. Executive Compensation

 

The following table summarizes compensation information for the last two fiscal years for (i) our Chief Executive Officer and (ii) the four most highly compensated executive officers other than the Chief Executive Officer who were serving as our executive officers at the end of the fiscal year (collectively, the “Named Executive Officers”).

 

The following executive compensation disclosure reflects all compensation awarded to, earned by or paid to the executive officers below, for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE

  

Name and principal Position   Year    

Salary

 ($)

   

Bonus

($)

   

Stock
Awards

 ($)

   

Option
Awards

($)

   

Non- Equity
Incentive
Plan
Compensation

($)

   

Nonqualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings

($)

    All Other
Compensation
($)
    Total
($)
 
Rik Deitsch     2020       130,000                                           130,000  
Chief Executive Officer,
Chief Financial Officer,
President and
Chairman of the Board
    2019       130,000                                           130,000  
                                                                         
Dale Vanderputten     2020       144,000                                           144,000  
Chief Scientific Officer     2019       144,000                                           144,000  

  

The following director compensation disclosure reflects all compensation awarded to, earned by or paid to the directors below for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.

 

DIRECTOR COMPENSATION

  

Name  

Fees
Earned

or Paid
in Cash

($)(1)

   

Stock

 Awards

 ($)

   

Option

 Awards

($)

   

Non-Equity

 Incentive
Plan

Compensation

($)

   

Nonqualified

Deferred
Compensation

Earnings

 ($)

   

All Other

Compensation

($)

   

Total

 ($)

 
Stewart Lonky     0       0       0       0       0       0       0  
Garry Pottruck     0       0       0       0       0       0       0  
Harold H. Rumph     0       0       0       0       0       0       0  

 

(1) Represents salary accrued or paid during 2020

  

Director Compensation

 

There are no standard arrangements to which directors are compensated for services provided to us. Should we obtain adequate funding or sufficient revenues to justify standard arrangements for director compensation, we will consider whether to adopt such a compensation plan.

 

Stock Option Grants in Last Fiscal Year

 

We did not grant incentive and non-qualified stock options in 2020 to any executive officer or director.

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

The following tables sets forth, as of September 8, 2021, certain information with respect to the beneficial ownership of our common stock by each stockholder known by us to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of our common stock and by each of our current directors and executive officers. Each person has sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares of common stock, except as otherwise indicated. Information relating to beneficial ownership of common stock by our principal stockholders and management is based upon information furnished by each person using “beneficial ownership” concepts under the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Under these rules, a person is deemed to be a beneficial owner of a security if that person has or shares voting power, which includes the power to vote or direct the voting of the security, or investment power, which includes the power to vote or direct the voting of the security. The person is also deemed to be a beneficial owner of any security of which that person has a right to acquire beneficial ownership within 60 days.

 

 47 

 

 

Under the Securities and Exchange Commission rules, more than one person may be deemed to be a beneficial owner of the same securities, and a person may be deemed to be a beneficial owner of securities as to which he or she may not have any pecuniary beneficial interest. We are unaware of any contract or arrangement that could result in a change in control of our company.

 

The following table assumes based on our stock records, that there are 7,267,619,714 shares of common stocks and 3,000,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock issued and outstanding as of September 8, 2021:

 

Security Ownership of Management and Beneficial Owners

  

Name and Address of Director
or Executive Officer
  Number of
Common Shares
Beneficially
Owned
(1)
    Percent of
Common
Shares
    Number of Series A
Preferred Shares
Beneficially Owned
(2)
    Percent
of
Preferred
Shares
    % of Total
Votes Held
(Common &
Preferred)
(3)
 
                               
Rik J. Deitsch     48,298,859       0.66 %     3,000,000       100.00 %     29.69 %
Chief Executive Officer/President                                        
1537 NW 65thAve                                        
Plantation, FL 33313                                        
                                         
Dr. Stewart Lonky     4,755,450       0.07 %     0       0.00 %     0.05 %
Director                                        
12936 Discovery Creek                                        
Playa Vista, CA 90094                                        
                                         
Harold Rumph     4,966,675       0.07 %     0       0.00 %     0.05 %
Director                                        
1537 NW 65thAve                                        
Plantation, FL 33313                                        
                                         
Garry Pottruck     4,698,475       0.07 %     0       0.00 %     0.05 %
Director                                        
10768 NW 18 Court                                        
Coral Springs, Florida 33071                                        
                                         
Dale Vanderputten, PhD     2,500,000       0.03 %     0       0.00 %     0.02 %
Chief Scientific Officer                                        
7120 Hialeah Ln                                        
Parkland, FL 33067                                        
                                         
All executive officers and directors
as a group (5) persons
    65,219,459       0.90 %     3,000,000       100.00 %     29.85 %

 

(1) Based upon 7,267,619,714 shares of common stock issued and outstanding as of the Record Date.
(2) Based upon 3,000,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock issued and outstanding as of the Record Date.
(3) Based upon 7,267,619,714 shares of common stock and 3,000,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. Each Series A Preferred Stock entitled to 1,000 votes per share or an aggregate of 3,000,000,000 votes.

 

 48 

 

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

Due to(from) our Chief Executive Officer

 

At December 31, 2020, the balance due to our President and CEO, Rik Deitsch, is $200,837, which is an unsecured demand loan that bears interest at 4%. During the year ended December 31, 2020, we advanced $22,150 to and collected $254,000 from Mr. Deitsch and the Companies owned by him. Additionally, accrued interest on the demand loan was $7,675 and is included in the due to officer account. For the year ended December 31, 2020, we recorded a bad debt expense recovery of $161,500. The Company has fully reserved receivables from companies owned by the Company’s CEO. The reserve was $402,970 as of December 31, 2020, which represents a full valuation allowance for amounts owed by these Companies.

 

At December 31, 2019, the balance due to our President and CEO, Rik Deitsch, is $122,812, which is an unsecured demand loan that bears interest at 4%. During the year ended December 31, 2019, we advanced $134,015 to and collected $5,000 from Mr. Deitsch and the Companies owned by him. Additionally, accrued interest on the demand loan was $6,330 and is included in the due to officer account. For the year ended December 31, 2019, we recorded a bad debt expense of $59,000. The Company has fully reserved receivables from companies owned by the Company’s CEO. The reserve was $564,470 as of December 31, 2019, which represents a full valuation allowance for amounts owed by these Companies.

 

Debt owed to a Director

 

During 2010, we borrowed $200,000 from one of our directors. Under the terms of the loan agreement, this loan was expected to be repaid in nine months to a year from the date of the loan along with interest calculated at 10% for the first month plus 12% after 30 days from funding. We are in default regarding this loan. The loan is under personal guarantee by Mr. Deitsch. We repaid principal balance in full as of December 31, 2016. At December 31, 2020 and 2019, we owed this director accrued interest of $179,522 and $159,555. The interest expense for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 was $19,967 and $17,747.

 

Debt owed to a related party

 

In December 2017, we issued a promissory note to a related party in the amount of $12,000 with original issuance discount of $2,000. The note was amended in December 2018 with original issuance discount of $2,400 and was due in twelve months from the execution and funding of the note. At December 31, 2020 and 2019, the principal balance of the loan is $0 and $14,400. During June 2020, the Note of $14,400 was settled with cash payment of $14,400 and 5,000,000 shares of common stocks. The shares were valued at fair value of $3,000

 

Director Independence

 

Our common stock is quoted on the OTC-Markets; that trading medium does not have director independence requirements. Under Item 407(a) of Regulation S-K, we have adopted the definition of independence used by the NYSE American, which may be found in the guide at (s) 121(A) (2) (2007). This definition states that our Board of Directors must affirmatively determine whether any of our directors have a relationship that would interfere with the exercise of independent judgment in carrying out their responsibilities of a director. Based on this definitional standard, our Board of Directors has determined that none of our Directors are independent.

 

 49 

 

 

Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

Audit Fees

 

The fees billed to us or to be billed by our current auditor, Rotenberg Meril Solomon Bertiger & Guttilla, P.C. ("RotenbergMeril"), for the audit of our 2020 and 2019 annual consolidated financial statements and the review of our interim condensed consolidated financial statements was $91,000 and $45,000.

 

Audit-Related Fees

 

Audit-related fees represent review of registration statements or services that are normally provided in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements for those fiscal years, and the aggregate fees billed for assurance and related services that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of our financial statements and are not reported under Audit Fees. No such fees were billed by RotenbergMeril for 2020 or 2019, respectively.

 

Tax Fees

 

No such fees were billed by RotenbergMeril for 2020 or 2019, respectively.

 

All Other Fees

 

No such fees were billed by RotenbergMeril for 2020 or 2019, respectively.

 

As of December 31, 2020, the Company did not have a formal documented pre-approval policy for the fees of the principal accountant. The Company has an audit committee which reviewed all fees to the principal accountant. The percentage of hours expended on the principal accountant’s engagement to audit our financial statements for the most recent fiscal year that were attributed to work performed by persons other than the principal accountant’s full-time, permanent employees was 0%.

 

 50 

 

 

PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

 

(a) The following Financial Statements are filed as part of this report under Item 7.

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm F-2
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 F-3
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 F-4
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit for the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 F-5
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 F-6
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements F-7

 

(b) The following exhibits are filed herewith or are incorporated by reference to exhibits previously filed with the SEC:

 

Exhibit No.   Description
3.1   Certificate of Incorporation dated February 1, 2000 (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2/A, Registration No. 33-44398, filed on April 6, 2001)
3.2   Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation dated July 5, 2000 (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2/A, Registration No. 33-44398, filed on April 6, 2001)
3.3   Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation dated October 31, 2001 (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2/A, Registration No. 33-44398, filed on April 6, 2001)
10.1   Agreement and Plan of Merger dated April 9, 2008 by and among Nutra Pharma Corp., a California corporation (“Nutra Pharma”), NP Acquisition Corporation, a Nevada corporation wholly owned by Nutra Pharma (“Acquisition”), ReceptoPharm, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“Receptopharm”) and the stockholders of Receptopharm (incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed on April 14, 2008).
10.18   Patent Assignment Agreement dated January 24, 2006 between Nanologix, Inc. and Nutra Pharma Corp. (incorporated by reference from Form 10-K for period ending December 31, 2006)
10.19   International License Agreement between NanoLogix, Inc. and Nutra Pharma Corp. (incorporated by reference from Form 10-K for period ending December 31, 2006)
14.1   Code of Ethics (incorporated by reference from Report on Form 10-K/A filed on May 7, 2004).
20.3   License Agreement between Bio-Therapeutics, Inc. and Nutra Pharma Corp (incorporated by reference from Form 10-KSB for the period ending December 31, 2003)
20.4   Amendment to License Agreement between Bio-Therapeutics, Inc. and Nutra Pharma Corp (incorporated by reference from Form 10-KSB for the period ending December 31, 2003)
21.1   Subsidiaries of the Registrant, Nutra Pharma Corp. (incorporated by reference from Form 10-K for the period ending December 31, 2008)
31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
99.1   Form 8-K filed on April 14, 2008 under Item 1.01 regarding acquisition of ReceptoPharm, Inc. as Nutra Pharma Corp.’s wholly owned subsidiary and Exhibit 10.1 (April 10, 2008 Agreement and Plan of Merger) attached thereto (incorporated by reference to this Form 10-K for the period ending December 31, 2008).
101.INS   Inline XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)

 

 51 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

  

  NUTRA PHARMA CORP.
   
  /s/ Rik J. Deitsch
  Rik J. Deitsch, Chairman, President, Chief
  Executive Officer, Principal Financial
  Officer, and Principal Accounting Officer

 

Dated: September 8, 2021

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities indicated.

  

Signature   Title   Date
         
/s/ Rik J. Deitsch   Chairman of the Board, President,   September 8, 2021
    Chief Executive Officer,    
    Principal Financial Officer,    
    Principal Accounting Officer    
         
/s/ Garry R. Pottruck   Director   September 8, 2021
         
/s/ Stewart Lonky   Director   September 8, 2021

  

 52 

 

 

Nutra Pharma Corporation

Consolidated Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm F-2
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 F-3
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 F-4
   
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit for the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 F-5
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 F-6
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements F-7

 

 F-1 

 

  

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of

Nutra Pharma Corp.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Nutra Pharma Corp. and Subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholders’ deficit and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Going Concern

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, the Company has suffered recurring losses from operations and has a working capital deficiency. These matters, among others, raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plan in regards to these matters are also described in Note 1. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Critical Audit Matters

 

The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgements. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

 

Accounting for Convertible Debt and Warrants — Refer to Notes 2 and 6 to the consolidated financial statements

 

Critical Audit Matter Description

 

The Company has issued or amended several notes payable during the year with conversion rates that are adjustable at a discounted rate to public trading prices near the conversion date. The number of shares of common stock to be issued is based on the future price of the Company’s common stock; this and other factors require the embedded conversion feature to be accounted for as a derivative and revalued at the conversion date or each period end if still outstanding. Due to the fact that the number of shares of common stock issuable could exceed the Company’s authorized share limit, the equity environment is tainted, and all additional convertible debt and warrants are included in the value of the derivative liabilities. Calculations and accounting for the notes payable and embedded conversion features require management’s judgments related to initial and subsequent recognition of the debt and related features.

 

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit

 

Our audit procedures related to evaluating the Company’s accounting for notes payable and related accounts included the following, among others:

 

  Confirmation of selected notes payable and related terms.
  Reviewing relevant documentation related to the issuance of convertible debt with attached warrants
  Performing independent recalculations.
  Determining if there were unusual transactions related to notes payable and the appropriate accounting treatment for such transactions.
  Testing of selected transactions related to this matter.

 

/s/ Rotenberg Meril Solomon Bertiger & Guttilla, P.C.

 

ROTENBERG MERIL SOLOMON BERTIGER & GUTTILLA, P.C.

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2018.

 

Saddle Brook, New Jersey

September 8, 2021

 

 F-2 

 

  

NUTRA PHARMA CORP.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

    December 31,     December 31,  
    2020     2019  
             
ASSETS                
Current assets:                
Cash   $ -     $ -  
Accounts receivable     37,080       32,479  
Other receivable     3,000       -  
Inventory, current portion     5,271       8,177  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     10,000       17,150  
Total current assets     55,351       57,806  
                 
Inventory, less current portion     78,880       52,183  
Property and equipment, net     14,742       6,763  
Operating lease right-of-use assets     144,010       207,530  
Security deposit     8,803       15,550  
Total assets   $ 301,786     $ 339,832  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT                
Current liabilities:                
Accounts payable   $ 599,428     $ 583,226  
Accrued expenses     780,432       612,547  
Accrued payroll due to officers     1,429,693       1,249,393  
Accrued interest to related parties     179,522       159,555  
Due to officer     200,837       122,812  
Derivative liabilities     3,567,176       835,868  
Other debt, net of discount, current portion     4,631,921       7,352,954  
SBA notes payable, current portion     10,725       -  
Operating lease obligations, current portion     82,873       73,278  
Total current liabilities     11,482,607       10,989,633  
Convertible note, less current portion     48,477       907,912  
SBA notes payable, less current portion     204,070       -  
Operating lease obligations, less current portion     60,447       143,322  
Total liabilities     11,795,601       12,040,867  
                 
Commitments and Contingencies                
                 
Stockholders’ deficit:                
                 
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 20,000,000 shares authorized: 3,000,000 Series A Preferred shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020 and 2019     3,000       3,000  
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 8,000,000,000 shares authorized: 6,955,197,214 and 5,876,746,111 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020 and 2019     6,955,197       5,876,746  
Additional paid-in capital     50,181,456       50,283,503  
Accumulated deficit     (68,633,468 )     (67,864,284 )
Total stockholders’ deficit     (11,493,815 )     (11,701,035 )
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit   $ 301,786     $ 339,832  

 

See the accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements

 

 F-3 

 

 

NUTRA PHARMA CORP.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

 

    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2020     2019  
             
Net sales   $ 51,897     $ 104,393  
Cost of sales     (15,678 )     (45,730 )
Change in reserve for supplier advances for purchases     (21,303 )     (23,948 )
Gross profit     14,916       34,715  
                 
Operating expenses:                
Selling, general and administrative -  including stock based compensation of $8,500 and $71,500 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively     1,101,363       1,202,819  
Bad debt (recovery) expense - including related party of ($161,500) and $59,000 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively     (161,500 )     61,789  
Total operating expenses     939,863       1,264,608  
Loss from operations     (924,947 )     (1,229,893 )
                 
Other income (expenses)                
Other income     5,000       -  
Interest expense     (316,207 )     (244,278 )
Interest expense to related parties     (19,967 )     (17,747 )
Change in fair value of convertible notes and derivatives     (1,012,556 )     (5,184,445 )
Stock issued for loan modification     (87,800 )     (7,700 )
Gain on settlement of debt and accrued expense, net     1,587,293       92,621  
Total other income (expenses)     155,763       (5,361,549 )
Loss before income taxes     (769,184 )     (6,591,442 )
Provision for income taxes     -       -  
Net loss   $ (769,184 )   $ (6,591,442 )
                 
Net loss per share - basic and diluted   $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )
                 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year - basic and diluted     6,607,482,758       4,710,306,385  

 

See the accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements

 

 F-4 

 

 

NUTRA PHARMA CORP.

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit

For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

 

                Additional           Total  
    Preferred Stock     Common Stock     Paid-in     Accumulated     Stockholders’  
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     Deficit  
Balance -December 31, 2018     3,000,000     $ 3,000       4,046,746,110     $ 4,046,746     $ 51,286,503     $ (61,272,842 )   $ (5,936,593 )
                                                         
Issuance of common stock in exchange for services to consultants     -       -       135,000,000       135,000       (105,000 )     -       30,000  
Common stock issued for debt modification and penalty     -       -       22,000,000       22,000       (14,300 )     -       7,700  
Common stock issued for conversion of debt     -       -       750,000,000       750,000       (475,000 )     -       275,000  
Common stock issued for settlement of accrued expense and debt     -       -       881,000,000       881,000       (394,600 )     -       486,400  
Common stock issued with Debt—Debt discount     -       -       42,000,001       42,000       (29,617 )     -       12,383  
Warrants issued with Debt—Debt discount     -       -       -       -       15,517       -       15,517  
Net loss                                             (6,591,442 )     (6,591,442 )
Balance -December 31, 2019     3,000,000     $ 3,000       5,876,746,111     $ 5,876,746     $ 50,283,503     $ (67,864,284 )   $ (11,701,035 )
                                                         
Common stock issued for debt modification and penalty     -       -       138,500,000       138,500       (50,700 )     -       87,800  
Common stock issued for conversion of debt     -       -       814,951,103       814,951       (13,847 )     -       801,104  
Common stock issued for settlement of debt     -       -       125,000,000       125,000       (37,500 )     -       87,500  
Net loss                                             (769,184 )     (769,184 )
Balance -December 31, 2020     3,000,000     $ 3,000       6,955,197,214     $ 6,955,197     $ 50,181,456     $ (68,633,468 )   $ (11,493,815 )

 

See the accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements

 

 F-5 

 

 

NUTRA PHARMA CORP.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2020     2019  
             
Cash flows from operating activities:                
Net loss   $ (769,184 )   $ (6,591,442 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:                
Change in reserve for supplier advances for purchases     21,303       23,948  
Bad debt expense     -       61,789  
Bad debt recovery - related party     (161,500 )     -  
Accrued interest expense for amount due to officer     7,675       6,330  
Gain (loss) on settlement of debt and accrued expense