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EX-32.2 - EX-32.2 - Oaktree Strategic Income Corpocsi-ex3222020093010xk.htm
EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - Oaktree Strategic Income Corpocsi-ex3212020093010xk.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - Oaktree Strategic Income Corpocsi-ex3122020093010xk.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - Oaktree Strategic Income Corpocsi-ex3112020093010xk.htm
EX-23.1 - EX-23.1 - Oaktree Strategic Income Corpexhibit231consentofind.htm
EX-14.1 - EX-14.1 - Oaktree Strategic Income Corpexhibit141-appendixaxc.htm
EX-10.18 - EX-10.18 - Oaktree Strategic Income Corpex1018-dbwarehousexame.htm
EX-10.17 - EX-10.17 - Oaktree Strategic Income Corpex1017-dbwarehousexame.htm
EX-4.2 - EX-4.2 - Oaktree Strategic Income Corpexhibit42-descriptiono.htm

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
Form 10-K
(Mark One)
 
þANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020
OR
 
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 1-35999
Oaktree Strategic Income Corporation
(EXACT NAME OF REGISTRANT AS SPECIFIED IN ITS CHARTER)
 
DELAWARE
(State or jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
61-1713295
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
333 South Grand Avenue, 28th Floor
Los Angeles, CA
(Address of principal executive office)
 
90071
(Zip Code)
REGISTRANT'S TELEPHONE NUMBER, INCLUDING AREA CODE:
(213) 830-6300


SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OF THE ACT:
Title of Each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of Each Exchange
on Which Registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareOCSI The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(g) OF THE ACT: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨        No  þ
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨        No  þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES   þ     NO   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    YES   ¨   NO   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  o
 
Accelerated filer  o
Non-accelerated filer  þ
Smaller reporting company  o
Emerging growth company  o

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act o






Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)    YES  ¨     NO  þ
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of March 31, 2020 was $122,830,348. For the purposes of calculating the aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates, the registrant has excluded (1) shares held by its current directors and officers and (2) those reported to be held by Fifth Street Holdings L.P. and Leonard M. Tannenbaum and his other affiliates. The registrant had 29,466,768 shares of common stock outstanding as of November 17, 2020.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement relating to the registrant’s 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, within 120 days following the end of the Company’s fiscal year, are incorporated by reference in Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K as indicated herein.




OAKTREE STRATEGIC INCOME CORPORATION
FORM 10-K FOR THE YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2020


TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
PART I
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
PART III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
PART IV
Item 15.






 



PART I
Item 1.     Business
General
Oaktree Strategic Income Corporation, a Delaware corporation, or together with its subsidiaries, where applicable, the Company, which may also be referred to as “we,” “us” or “our”, is a specialty finance company dedicated to providing customized capital solutions for middle-market companies in both the syndicated and private placement markets. We were formed in May 2013, commenced operations on June 29, 2013, and currently operate as a closed-end, externally managed, non-diversified management investment company that has elected to be regulated as a Business Development Company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, or the Investment Company Act. In addition, we have qualified and elected to be treated as a regulated investment company, or RIC, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code, for tax purposes. As a RIC, we generally will not have to pay corporate-level U.S. federal income taxes on any net ordinary income or net realized capital gains that we distribute to our stockholders if we meet certain source-of-income, income distribution and asset diversification requirements.
We are externally managed by Oaktree Fund Advisors, LLC, which we also refer to as “Oaktree” or our “Adviser,” pursuant to an investment advisory agreement, or the Investment Advisory Agreement, between the Company and Oaktree. Oaktree is an affiliate of Oaktree Capital Management, L.P., or OCM, the Company's external investment adviser from October 17, 2017 through May 3, 2020, and a subsidiary of Oaktree Capital Group, LLC, or OCG. In 2019, Brookfield Asset Management, Inc., which we refer to as "Brookfield," acquired a majority economic interest in OCG. OCG operates as an independent business within Brookfield, with its own product offerings and investment, marketing and support teams. Oaktree Fund Administration, LLC, which we refer to as “Oaktree Administrator,” a subsidiary of OCM, provides certain administrative and other services necessary for us to operate.
Our investment objective is to generate a stable source of current income while minimizing the risk of principal loss and, to a lesser extent, capital appreciation by providing innovative first-lien financing solutions to companies across a wide variety of industries. We invest in companies that typically possess resilient business models with strong underlying fundamentals. We intend to deploy capital across credit and economic cycles with a focus on long-term results, which we believe will enable us to build lasting partnerships with financial sponsors and management teams. To a lesser extent, we may also invest in unsecured loans, including subordinated loans, issued by private middle-market companies, senior and subordinated loans issued by public companies and equity investments.
We have invested primarily in senior secured loans, including first lien, unitranche and second lien debt instruments, that pay interest at rates which are determined periodically on the basis of a floating base lending rate, primarily the London-Interbank Offered Rate, or LIBOR, plus a premium. The senior loans in which we invest are typically made to U.S. and, to a limited extent, non-U.S. corporations, partnerships and other business entities in the middle-market which operate in various industries and geographical regions.
Our Adviser is generally focused on middle-market companies, which we define as companies with enterprise values of between $100 million and $750 million. We expect our portfolio to include primarily first lien floating rate senior secured financings although we may also make other investments. We generally invest in securities that are rated below investment grade by rating agencies or that would be rated below investment grade if they were rated. Below investment grade securities, which are often referred to as “high yield” and “junk,” have predominantly speculative characteristics with respect to the issuer’s capacity to pay interest and repay principal.
Our portfolio totaled $502.3 million at fair value as of September 30, 2020 and was composed of 78 portfolio companies, including our investment in subordinated notes and limited liability company, or LLC, equity interests in OCSI Glick JV LLC, or the OCSI Glick JV, a joint venture through which we and GF Equity Funding 2014 LLC, or GF Equity Funding, co-invest primarily in senior secured loans of middle-market companies. At fair value as of September 30, 2020, 89.7% of our portfolio consisted of senior secured debt investments, 9.8% of the portfolio consisted of investments in the subordinated notes of the OCSI Glick JV and 0.5% consisted of equity investments. The weighted average annual yield of our debt investments at fair value as of September 30, 2020, including the return on our subordinated note investment in the OCSI Glick JV, was approximately 6.3%, including 5.3% representing cash payments. The weighted average annual yield of our debt investments is determined before the payment of, and therefore does not take into account, our expenses and the payment by an investor of any stockholder transaction expenses, and does not represent the return on investment for our stockholders. See “—Investments—OCSI Glick JV” below for additional information regarding our investment in OCSI Glick JV.
We are permitted to, and expect to continue to, finance our investments through borrowings. However, as a Business Development Company, subject to certain limited exceptions, we are currently only allowed to borrow amounts in accordance
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with the asset coverage requirements in the Investment Company Act. At a special meeting of stockholders held on July 10, 2018, our stockholders approved the application of the reduced asset coverage requirements in Section 61(a)(2) of the Investment Company Act to us, effective as of July 11, 2018. The reduced asset coverage requirements permit us to double the maximum amount of leverage that we are permitted to incur by reducing the asset coverage requirements applicable to us from 200% to 150%. As a result of the reduced asset coverage requirement, we can incur $2 of debt for each $1 of equity as compared to $1 of debt for each $1 of equity. As of September 30, 2020, we had a debt to equity ratio of 1.00x (i.e., one dollar of equity for each $1.00 of debt outstanding). Under current market conditions, we generally expect to target a debt to equity ratio of 1.00x to 1.40x (i.e., one dollar of equity for each $1.00 to $1.40 of debt outstanding).
On October 28, 2020, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger, or the Merger Agreement, with Oaktree Specialty Lending Corporation, a Delaware corporation, or OCSL, Lion Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of OCSL, or Merger Sub, and, solely for the limited purposes set forth therein, Oaktree. The Merger Agreement provides that, subject to the conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, Merger Sub will merge with and into us, with us continuing as the surviving company and as OCSL’s wholly-owned subsidiary, or the Merger, and, immediately thereafter, we will merge with and into OCSL, with OCSL continuing as the surviving company, or together with the Merger, the Mergers. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Recent Developments—Merger Agreement for further information regarding the Merger Agreement and the Mergers.
Our Adviser
We are externally managed and advised by Oaktree, a registered investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended, or the Advisers Act. Oaktree, subject to the overall supervision of our Board of Directors, manages our day-to-day operations, and provides investment advisory services to us pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement.
Our Adviser, an affiliate of OCM, is a leading global investment management firm headquartered in Los Angeles, California, focused on less efficient markets and alternative investments. A number of the senior executives and investment professionals of our Adviser and its affiliates have been investing together for over 34 years and have generated impressive investment performance through multiple market cycles. Our Adviser and its affiliates emphasize an opportunistic, value-oriented and risk-controlled approach to investments in distressed debt, corporate debt (including high-yield debt and senior loans), control investing, real estate, convertible securities and listed equities.
In 2019, Brookfield acquired a majority economic interest in OCG. OCG operates as an independent business within Brookfield, with its own product offerings and investment, marketing and support teams. Brookfield is a leading global alternative asset manager with a 120-year history and approximately $550 billion of assets under management (inclusive of Oaktree) across a broad portfolio of real estate, infrastructure, renewable power, credit and private equity assets. Commencing in 2022, OCG's founders, senior management and current and former employee-unitholders of OCG will be able to sell their remaining OCG units to Brookfield over time pursuant to an agreed upon liquidity schedule and approach to valuing such units at the time of liquidation. Pursuant to this liquidity schedule, the earliest year in which Brookfield could own 100% of the OCG business is 2029.
The primary firm-wide goal of our Adviser and OCM is to achieve attractive returns while bearing less than commensurate risk. Our Adviser believes that it can achieve this goal by taking advantage of market inefficiencies in which financial markets and their participants fail to accurately value assets or fail to make available to companies the capital that they reasonably require.
Our Adviser and its affiliates believe that their defining characteristic is adherence to the highest professional standards, which has yielded several important benefits. First and foremost, this characteristic has allowed our Adviser and its affiliates to attract and retain an extremely talented group of investment professionals, or the Investment Professionals, as well as accounting, valuation, legal, compliance and other administrative professionals. As of September 30, 2020, our Adviser and its affiliates had more than 1,000 professionals in 19 cities and 14 countries, including 39 portfolio managers with an average experience of 25 years and approximately 1,000 years of combined industry experience. Specifically, the Strategic Credit group that is primarily responsible for implementing our investment strategy, consists of over 20 Investment Professionals led by Armen Panossian, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Investment Officer, who focus on the investment strategy employed by our Adviser and certain of its affiliates. Second, it has permitted the investment team to build strong relationships with brokers, banks and other market participants. These institutional relationships have been instrumental in strengthening access to trading opportunities, to understanding the current market, and to executing the investment team’s investment strategies. OCM aims to attract, motivate and retain talented employees (both Investment Professionals and accounting, valuation, legal, compliance and other administrative professionals) by making them active participants in, and beneficiaries of, the platform’s success. In addition to competitive base salaries, all OCM employees share in the discretionary bonus pool. An employee’s participation in the bonus pool is based on the overall success of the Adviser and its affiliates and the individual employee’s performance and level of responsibility.
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Our Adviser and its affiliates provide discretionary investment management services to other managed accounts and investment funds, which may have overlapping investment objectives and strategies with our own and, accordingly, may invest in asset classes similar to those targeted by us. The activities of such managed accounts and investment funds may raise actual or potential conflicts of interest.
Strategic Credit
Our Adviser's affiliates officially launched the Strategic Credit strategy in early 2013 as a step-out from the Distressed Debt strategy, to capture attractive investment opportunities that appear to offer too little return for distressed debt investors, but may pose too much uncertainty for high-yield bond creditors. The strategy seeks to achieve an attractive total return by investing in public and private revenue-generating, performing debt.
Strategic Credit focuses on U.S. and non-U.S. investment opportunities that arise from pricing inefficiencies that occur in the primary and secondary markets or from the financing needs of healthy companies with limited access to traditional lenders or public markets. Typical investments will be in high yield bonds and senior secured loans for borrowers that are in need of direct loans, rescue financings, or other capital solutions or that have had challenged or unsuccessful primary offerings.
The Investment Professionals employ a fundamental, value-driven opportunistic approach to credit investing, which seeks to benefit from the resources, relationships and proprietary information of the global investment platform of our Adviser and its affiliates.
Our Administrator
We entered into an administration agreement, as amended from time to time, or the Administration Agreement, with Oaktree Administrator, a Delaware limited liability company and a wholly owned subsidiary of OCM. The principal executive offices of Oaktree Administrator are located at 333 South Grand Avenue, 28th Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90071. Pursuant to the Administration Agreement, Oaktree Administrator provides services to us, and we reimburse Oaktree Administrator for costs and expenses incurred by Oaktree Administrator in performing its obligations under the Administration Agreement and providing personnel and facilities thereunder.
Business Strategy
Our investment objective is to generate a stable source of current income while minimizing the risk of principal loss and, to a lesser extent, capital appreciation. We invest in companies across a variety of industries that typically possess resilient business models with strong underlying fundamentals. We deploy capital across credit and economic cycles with a focus on long-term results, which we believe will enable us to build lasting partnerships with financial sponsors and management teams. Our Adviser intends to implement the following business strategy to achieve our investment objective:
Emphasis on Proprietary Deals.    Our Adviser is focused on proprietary opportunities as well as partnering with other lenders as appropriate and, to a lesser extent strategically accessing the broadly syndicated and private placement markets. Dedicated sourcing professionals of our Adviser and its affiliates are in continuous contact with financial sponsors and corporate clients to originate proprietary deals and seek to leverage the networks and relationships of Oaktree’s Investment Professionals with management teams and corporations to originate non-sponsored transactions. Since 2005, our Adviser and its affiliates have invested more than $19 billion in over 350 directly originated loans, and the platform has the capacity to invest in large deals and to solely underwrite transactions.
Focus On Quality Companies And Extensive Diligence. Our Adviser seeks to maintain a conservative approach to investing with discipline around fundamental credit analysis and downside protection. Our Adviser intends to focus on companies with resilient business models, strong underlying fundamentals, significant asset or enterprise value and seasoned management teams, although not all portfolio companies will meet each of these criteria. Our Adviser intends to leverage its deep credit and deal structuring expertise to lend to companies that have unique needs, complex business models or specific business challenges. Our Adviser conducts diligence on underlying collateral value, including cash flows, hard assets or intellectual property, and will typically model exit scenarios as part of the diligence process, including assessing potential “work-out” scenarios.
Disciplined Portfolio Management. Our Adviser monitors our portfolio on an ongoing basis to manage risk and take preemptive action to resolve potential problems where possible. Our Adviser intends to seek to reduce the impact of individual investment risks by diversifying portfolios across industry sectors and, with the exception of investment vehicles with a diversified portfolio, limiting positions to no more than 5% of our portfolio.
Manage Risk Through Loan Structures. Our Adviser seeks to leverage its experience in identifying structural risks in prospective portfolio companies and developing customized solutions in an effort to enhance downside protection
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where possible. Our Adviser has the expertise to structure comprehensive, flexible and customized solutions for companies of all sizes across numerous industry sectors. Our Adviser employs a rigorous due diligence process and seeks to include covenant protections designed to ensure that we, as the lender, can negotiate with a portfolio company before a deal reaches impairment. The platform of our Adviser and its affiliates has the ability to address a wide range of borrower needs, with capability to invest across the capital structure and to fund large loans, and our Adviser pays close attention to market trends. Our Adviser provides certainty to borrowers by providing fully underwritten financing commitments and has expertise in both performing credit as well as restructuring and turnaround situations, which has allowed us to invest and lend during the COVID-19 pandemic and other times of market stress when our competitors may halt or reduce investment activity.
Concentrate on Floating Rate Senior Loans. We intend to concentrate on first lien secured loans that bear interest based on a floating rate. We believe that these loans, which are supported by a pledge of collateral, minimize the risk of principal loss.
Completion of Rotation out of Non-Core Investments.    Since an Oaktree affiliate became our investment adviser, Oaktree and its affiliates have reduced the investments identified as non-core by approximately $250 million at fair value. Oaktree intends to (1) continue to rotate out of a small number of investments where the underlying business fundamentals may expose us to significant risk of loss of principal, (2) focus on increasing the size of private first lien investments originated on Oaktree's platform (which we call "core investments" and (3) supplement the portfolio with broadly syndicated and select privately placed loans.
Our Adviser’s emphasis is on fundamental credit analysis, consistency and downside protection, all of which are key tenets of its investment philosophy and important during times of market dislocation, including during the COVID-19 pandemic. We believe this philosophy strongly aligns with the interests of our stockholders. Our Adviser controls primarily for risk, rather than return. Although this may lead us to underperform in bullish markets, we expect that prudence across the economic cycle and limiting losses will allow us to achieve our investment objectives.
Identification of Investment Opportunities
The Investment Professionals employ a rigorous process to identify and evaluate potential investments. Central to the Investment Professionals’ investment process is the goal of exploiting market dislocations and inefficiencies driven by macro factors, market-level changes and company characteristics.
Macro Factors
Macro factors that drive market dislocations occur throughout the global economy and include sovereign debt crises, political elections, global pandemics, including the current COVID-19 pandemic, and other unexpected geopolitical events. These factors drive highly correlated “risk on” and “risk off” market swings and frequently result in the indiscriminate selling or buying of securities and obligations at prices that the Investment Professionals believe are well below or above their intrinsic values.
Market-Level Changes
We believe that many commercial banks have decreased their lending to middle-market companies in recent years, which has created an opportunity for non-traditional market participants. In addition, we believe that traditional capital providers are focusing on only higher-quality and more liquid opportunities. The lower-rated portion of the market is often less efficiently priced due to limited capital availability, which allows for more attractive risk and return opportunities.
Company Characteristics
Company-specific factors that drive market dislocations include over-leveraged balance sheets, near-term liquidity or maturity issues, secular pressures on businesses, acute shock to company operations (including from government shutdowns), asset-light businesses and new or relatively small issuers. These factors may result in mispriced securities or obligations or require a highly structured direct loan.
The Investment Professionals believe current market conditions give rise to two primary sources of investment opportunities with favorable risk-reward characteristics. The first source is private debt, which capitalizes on the Investment Professionals’ experience in negotiating and structuring complex debt investments. Private debt can include (a) loan portfolios that banks need to sell in response to regulatory capital pressure, (b) capital solutions, which involve customized, negotiated solutions for companies unable to access traditional syndicated loan and high yield markets, (c) rescue financings, which are transactions structured to provide liquidity to companies with overleveraged balance sheets, often on an urgent basis and (d) other direct loan investments to support acquisitions or capital projects that are unable to obtain financing via more traditional
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channels. The second source is marketable securities or other forms of traded debt, which the Investment Professionals intend to purchase on the secondary market at prices they believe are below their intrinsic value.
Once the Investment Professionals have identified a potential investment opportunity, they will evaluate the opportunity against the following investment criteria and guidelines. However, not all of these criteria will be met by each prospective portfolio company in which we invest.

Covenant Protections.    We generally expect to invest in loans that have covenants that may help to minimize our risk of capital loss and meaningful equity investments in the portfolio company. We intend to target investments that have strong credit protections, including default penalties, information rights and affirmative, negative and financial covenants, such as limitations on debt incurrence, lien protection and prohibitions on dividends.

Sustainable Cash Flow.  Our investment philosophy places emphasis on fundamental analysis from an investor’s perspective and has a distinct value orientation. We intend to focus on companies with significant asset or enterprise value in which we can invest at relatively low multiples of normalized operating cash flow. Additionally, we anticipate investing in companies with a demonstrated ability or credible plan to de-lever. Typically, we will not invest in start-up companies, companies having speculative business plans or structures that could impair capital over the long-term although we may target certain earlier stage companies that have yet to reach profitability.

Experienced Management Team.    We generally will look to invest in portfolio companies with an experienced management team and proper incentive arrangements, including equity compensation, to induce management to succeed and to act in concert with our interests as investors.

Strong Relative Position in Its Market.    We intend to target companies with what we believe to be established and leading market positions within their respective markets and well-developed long-term business strategies.

Exit Strategy.   We generally intend to invest in companies that we believe will provide us with the opportunity to exit our investments in three to eight years, including through (1) the repayment of the remaining principal outstanding at maturity, (2) the recapitalization of the company resulting in our debt investments being repaid or (3) the sale of the company resulting in the repayment of all of its outstanding debt.

Geography.    As a Business Development Company, we will invest at least 70% of our investments in U.S. companies. To the extent we invest in non-U.S. companies, we intend to do so in accordance with Investment Company Act limitations and only in jurisdictions with established legal frameworks and a history of respecting creditor rights.

Investment Process
Our investment process consists of the following five distinct stages.
Source
Strategic Credit has dedicated sourcing professionals and also leverages its strong market presences and relationships across the global platform of our Adviser and its affiliates to gain access to opportunities from advisers, sponsors, banks, management teams, capital raising advisers and other sources. Our Adviser is a trusted partner to financial sponsors and management teams based on its long-term commitment and focus on lending across economic cycles. We believe this will give us access to proprietary deal flow and "first looks" at investment opportunities and that we are well-positioned for difficult and complex transactions.
Screen Using Investment Criteria
We expect to be highly selective in making new investments. The initial screening process will typically include a review of the proposed capital structure of the portfolio company, including level of assets or enterprise value coverage, an assessment by our Adviser of the company’s management team and its equity ownership levels as well as the viability of its long-term business model, and a review of forecasted financial statements and liquidity profile. In addition, our Adviser may assess the prospect of industry or macroeconomic catalysts that may create enhanced value in the investment as well as the potential ability to enforce creditor rights, particularly where collateral is located outside of the United States.
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Research
Prior to making any new investment, our Adviser intends to engage in an extensive due diligence process led by investment analysts assigned to each transaction. The analysts will assess a company’s management team, products, services, competitive position in its markets, barriers to entry and operating and financial performance, as well as the growth potential of its markets. In performing this evaluation, the analysts may use financial, descriptive and other due diligence materials provided by the target company, commissioned third party reports and internal sources, including members of the investment team, industry participants and experts with whom our Adviser has relationships. As part of the research process, our Adviser’s analysts typically perform a “what-if” analysis that explores a range of values for each proposed investment and a range of potential credit events.
Evaluate
Our Adviser assesses each potential investment through a rigorous, collaborative decision-making process. Our Adviser applies disciplined investment criteria and evaluates potential risk and reward of each investment with significant focus on downside risk. Our Adviser sizes investments at the portfolio level across a variety of characteristics, including based on the investment criteria described above.
Monitor
Our Adviser prioritizes managing risk. In managing our portfolio, our Adviser monitors each portfolio company to be well-positioned to make hold and exit decisions when credit events occur, our collateral becomes overvalued or opportunities with more attractive risk/reward profiles are identified. Investment analysts are assigned to each investment to monitor industry developments, review company financial statements, attend company presentations and regularly speak with company management. Based on their monitoring, the Investment Professionals seek to determine the optimal time and strategy for exiting and maximizing the return on the investment, typically when prices or yields reach target valuations. In circumstances where a particular investment is underperforming, our Adviser intends to employ a variety of strategies to maximize its recovery based on the specific facts and circumstances of the underperforming investment, including actively working with the management to restructure all or a portion of the business, explore the possibility of a sale or merger of all or a portion of the assets, recapitalize or refinance the balance sheet, negotiate deferrals or other concessions from existing creditors and arrange new liquidity or new equity contributions. We believe that our Adviser’s experience with restructurings and our access to our Adviser’s deep knowledge, expertise and contacts in the distressed debt area will help us preserve the value of our investments.
In addition, in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, our Adviser has been in close contact with many of our portfolio companies to understand their liquidity and solvency positions. We believe that these efforts to closely monitor and identify vulnerable investments will allow us to address potential problems early and provide constructive solutions to our portfolio companies.
Investments
Our investment objective is to generate a stable source of current income while minimizing the risk of principal loss and, to a lesser extent, capital appreciation by providing middle-market companies primarily with senior secured debt financings that pay us interest at a floating rate. We seek to structure our debt investments to provide downside protection through strong credit protections, including default penalties, information rights and affirmative, negative and financial covenants, such as limitations on debt incurrence, lien protection and prohibitions on dividends, although not all of our investments will meet each of these criteria. Our Adviser has expertise in creative, efficient structuring and institutional knowledge of bankruptcy and restructurings enabling our Adviser to focus on risk control. Most of our debt investments are collateralized by a first lien on the assets of the portfolio company. As of September 30, 2020, 89.7% of our portfolio at fair value consisted of debt investments that were secured by first or second priority liens on the assets of the portfolio company.
Debt Investments
We intend to tailor the terms of each investment by negotiating a structure that seeks to protect our rights and manage our risk while creating incentives for the portfolio company to achieve its business plan. Our Adviser is generally focused on middle-market companies. A substantial source of return is monthly or quarterly interest that we collect on our debt investments, including payment-in-kind, or PIK, interest which represents contractual interest accrued and added to the principal that generally becomes due at maturity. Our debt investments generally consist of the following:
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First Lien Loans.    Our first lien loans generally have terms of three to seven years, provide for a variable or fixed interest rate, contain prepayment penalties and are secured by a first priority security interest in all existing and future assets of the borrower. Our first lien loans may take many forms, including revolving lines of credit, term loans and acquisition lines of credit.
Unitranche Loans.    Our unitranche loans generally have terms of five to seven years and provide for a variable or fixed interest rate, contain prepayment penalties and are generally secured by a first priority security interest in all existing and future assets of the borrower. Our unitranche loans may take many forms, including revolving lines of credit, term loans and acquisition lines of credit. Unitranche loans typically provide a borrower with all of its capital except for common equity often with higher interest rates than those associated with traditional first lien loans.
Second Lien Loans.    Our second lien loans generally have terms of five to eight years, provide for a variable or fixed interest rate, contain prepayment penalties and are secured by a second priority security interest in all existing and future assets of the borrower.
Equity Investments
When we make a debt investment, we may also be granted equity, such as warrants to purchase common stock in a portfolio company. To a lesser extent, we may also make preferred and/or common equity investments, which are usually in conjunction with a concurrent debt investment or the result of an investment restructuring. For non-control equity investments, we generally seek to structure our non-control equity investments to provide us with minority rights provisions and event-driven put rights. We also seek to obtain limited registration rights in connection with these investments, which may include “piggyback” registration rights.
OCSI Glick JV
We and GF Equity Funding co-invest through the OCSI Glick JV, an unconsolidated Delaware limited liability company. The OCSI Glick JV was formed in October 2014 and began investing in April 2015 primarily in senior secured loans of middle market companies. We co-invest in these securities with GF Equity Funding through our investment in the OCSI Glick JV. The OCSI Glick JV is managed by a four person Board of Directors, two of whom are selected by us and two of whom are selected by GF Equity Funding. The OCSI Glick JV is capitalized as transactions are completed, and all portfolio decisions and investment decisions in respect of the OCSI Glick JV must be approved by its investment committee consisting of one representative selected by us and one representative selected by GF Equity Funding (with approval of each required). The members provide capital to the OCSI Glick JV in exchange for LLC equity interests, and we and GF Debt Funding 2014 LLC, or GF Debt Funding, an entity advised by affiliates of GF Equity Funding, provide capital to the OCSI Glick JV in exchange for subordinated notes, or the Subordinated Notes. Additionally, the OCSI Glick JV has a senior revolving credit facility with Deutsche Bank AG, New York Branch, or the JV Deutsche Bank Facility, with a reinvestment period end date and maturity date of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2025, respectively, and, as of September 30, 2020, permits up to $90.0 million of borrowings. As of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, the OCSI Glick JV had total capital commitments of $100.0 million, $87.5 million of which was from us and the remaining $12.5 million from GF Equity Funding and GF Debt Funding. At September 30, 2020, we had funded approximately $84.0 million of our commitment. As of September 30, 2020, our investment in the OCSI Glick JV was approximately $49.4 million at fair value. We do not consolidate the OCSI Glick JV in our Consolidated Financial Statements. As of September 30, 2020, OCSI Glick JV was invested in a portfolio of senior secured loans to 40 portfolio companies in industries similar to the companies in our portfolio.
Valuation Procedures
As a Business Development Company, we generally invest in illiquid debt and equity securities issued by private middle-market companies. We are required to carry our portfolio investments at market value or, if there is no readily available market value, at fair value as determined by our Board of Directors. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Critical Accounting Policies – Investment Valuation” for a description of our investment valuation processes and procedures.

Investment Advisory Agreement
The following is a description of the Investment Advisory Agreement. From October 17, 2017 through May 3, 2020, we were externally managed by OCM pursuant to an investment advisory agreement. On May 4, 2020, OCM effected the novation of such investment advisory agreement to Oaktree. Immediately following such novation, we and Oaktree entered into a new investment advisory agreement with the same terms, including fee structure, as the investment advisory agreement with OCM. The term “Investment Advisory Agreement” refers collectively to the agreements with Oaktree and, prior to its novation, with OCM.
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Management Services
Subject to the overall supervision of our Board of Directors, Oaktree manages our day-to-day operations and provides us with investment advisory services. Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, Oaktree:
determines the composition of our portfolio, the nature and timing of the changes to our portfolio and the manner of implementing such changes;
identifies, evaluates and negotiates the structure of the investments we make;
executes, closes, monitors and services the investments we make;
determines what securities and other assets we purchase, retain or sell;
performs due diligence on prospective portfolio companies; and
provides us with such other investment advisory, research and related services as we may, from time to time, reasonably required for the investment of our funds.
The Investment Advisory Agreement provides that Oaktree’s services are not exclusive to us and Oaktree is generally free to furnish similar services to other entities so long as its services to us are not impaired.
Management Fee
Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, we pay Oaktree a fee for its services under the investment advisory agreement consisting of two components: a base management fee and an incentive fee. The cost of both the base management fee payable to Oaktree and any incentive fees earned by Oaktree is ultimately borne by our common stockholders.
Base Management Fee
Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, the base management fee is calculated at an annual rate of 1.00% of total gross assets, including any investment made with borrowings, but excluding cash and cash equivalents.
Incentive Fee
The incentive fee consists of two parts. Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, the first part of the incentive fee, which is referred to as the incentive fee on income or the Part I incentive fee, is calculated and payable quarterly in arrears based upon our “pre-incentive fee net investment income” for the immediately preceding quarter. The payment of the incentive fee on income is subject to payment of a preferred return to investors each quarter (i.e., a “hurdle rate”), expressed as a rate of return on the value of our net assets at the end of the most recently completed quarter, of 1.50%, subject to a “catch up” feature.
For this purpose, “pre-incentive fee net investment income” means interest income, dividend income and any other income (including any other fees such as commitment, origination, structuring, diligence and consulting fees or other fees that we receive from portfolio companies, other than fees for providing managerial assistance) accrued during the fiscal quarter, minus our operating expenses for the quarter (including the base management fee, expenses payable under the Administration Agreement and any interest expense and dividends paid on any issued and outstanding preferred stock, but excluding the incentive fee). Pre-incentive fee net investment income includes, in the case of investments with a deferred interest feature (such as OID debt instruments with PIK interest and zero coupon securities), accrued income that we have not yet received in cash. Pre-incentive fee net investment income does not include any realized capital gains, realized capital losses or unrealized capital appreciation or depreciation.
Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, the calculation of the incentive fee on income for each quarter is as follows:
No incentive fee is payable to Oaktree in any quarter in which our pre-incentive fee net investment income does not exceed the preferred return rate of 1.50% (the “preferred return”) on net assets.
100% of our pre-incentive fee net investment income, if any, that exceeds the preferred return but is less than or equal to 1.8182% in any fiscal quarter is payable to Oaktree. We refer to this portion of the incentive fee on income as the “catch-up” provision, and it is intended to provide Oaktree with an incentive fee of 17.5% on all of our pre-incentive fee net investment income when our pre-incentive fee net investment income reaches 1.8182% on net assets in any fiscal quarter.
For any quarter in which our pre-incentive fee net investment income exceeds 1.8182% on net assets, the incentive fee on income is equal to 17.5% of the amount of our pre-incentive fee net investment income, as the preferred return and catch-up will have been achieved.
There is no accumulation of amounts on the hurdle rate from quarter to quarter and accordingly there is no clawback of amounts previously paid if subsequent quarters are below the quarterly hurdle.

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The following is a graphical representation of the calculation of the incentive fee on income under the Investment Advisory Agreement:

Quarterly Incentive Fee on Income
Pre-incentive fee net investment income
(expressed as a percentage of net assets)
percentageofpreincentivefea.jpg
Percentage of pre-incentive fee net investment income allocated to income-related portion of incentive fee
Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, the second part of the incentive fee is determined and payable in arrears as of the end of each fiscal year (or upon termination of the Investment Advisory Agreement, as of the termination date) commencing with the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019 and equals 17.5% of our realized capital gains, if any, on a cumulative basis from the beginning of the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019 through the end of each subsequent fiscal year, computed net of all realized capital losses and unrealized capital depreciation on a cumulative basis, less the aggregate amount of any previously paid capital gain incentive fees under the Investment Advisory Agreement. Any realized capital gains, realized capital losses, unrealized capital appreciation and unrealized capital depreciation with respect to our portfolio as of the end of the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018 are excluded from the calculations of the second part of the incentive fee.
Examples of Quarterly Incentive Fee Calculation under the Investment Advisory Agreement (A)
Example 1: Incentive Fee on Income for Each Quarter
Alternative 1
Assumptions
Investment income (including interest, dividends, fees, etc.) = 1.75%
Preferred return under the Investment Advisory Agreement1 = 1.50%
Management fee under the Investment Advisory Agreement2 = 0.25%
Other expenses (legal, accounting, custodian, transfer agent, etc.) = 0.20%
Pre-incentive fee net investment income
    (investment income - (management fee + other expenses)) = 1.30%

Pre-incentive fee net investment income does not exceed the preferred return under the Investment Advisory Agreement, therefore there is no incentive fee on income under the Investment Advisory Agreement.
Alternative 2
Assumptions
Investment income (including interest, dividends, fees, etc.) = 2.25%
Preferred return under the Investment Advisory Agreement1 = 1.50%
Management fee under the Investment Advisory Agreement2 = 0.25%
Other expenses (legal, accounting, custodian, transfer agent, etc.) = 0.20%
Pre-incentive fee net investment income
    (investment income - (management fee + other expenses)) = 1.80%
Incentive fee = 17.5% × pre-incentive fee net investment income, subject to “catch-up”3
= 100% × (1.80% - 1.50%)
= 0.30%

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Alternative 3
Assumptions
Investment income (including interest, dividends, fees, etc.) = 3.5%
Preferred return under the Investment Advisory Agreement1 = 1.50%
Management fee under the Investment Advisory Agreement2 = 0.25%
Other expenses (legal, accounting, custodian, transfer agent, etc.) = 0.20%
Pre-incentive fee net investment income
    (investment income - (management fee + other expenses)) = 3.05%
Incentive fee = 17.5% × pre-incentive fee net investment income, subject to “catch-up”3
Incentive fee = 100% × “catch-up” + (17.5% × (pre-incentive fee net investment income - 1.8182%))
Catch-up = 1.8182% - 1.50% = 0.3182%
Incentive fee = (100% × 0.3182%) + (17.5% × (3.05% - 1.8182%))
= 0.3182% + (17.5% × 1.2318%)
= 0.3182% + 0.2158%
= 0.534%
__________ 
(A) Solely for purposes of these illustrative examples, we have assumed that we have not incurred any leverage. However, we have in the past and expect to continue in the future to use leverage to partially finance our investments.

1.Represents 6.0% annualized preferred return.
2.Represents 1.0% annualized management fee.
3.The “catch-up” provision is intended to provide our Adviser with an incentive fee of 17.5% on all of our pre-incentive fee net investment income as if a preferred return did not apply when our net investment income exceeds 1.50% in any calendar quarter and is not applied once our Adviser has received 17.5% of investment income in a quarter. The “catch-up” portion of our pre-incentive fee net investment income is the portion that exceeds the 1.50% preferred return but is less than or equal to approximately 1.8182% (that is, 1.50% divided by (1 - 0.175)) in any fiscal quarter.

Example 2: Incentive Fee on Capital Gains under the Investment Advisory Agreement
Assumptions
Year 1: $10 million investment made in Company A (“Investment A”), $10 million investment made in Company B (“Investment B”), $10 million investment made in Company C (“Investment C”), $10 million investment made in Company D (“Investment D”) and $10 million investment made in Company E (“Investment E”).
Year 2: Investment A sold for $20 million, fair market value (“FMV”) of Investment B determined to be $8 million, FMV of Investment C determined to be $12 million, and FMV of Investments D and E each determined to be $10 million.
Year 3: FMV of Investment B determined to be $8 million, FMV of Investment C determined to be $14 million, FMV of Investment D determined to be $14 million and FMV of Investment E determined to be $16 million.
Year 4: Investment D sold for $12 million, FMV of Investment B determined to be $10 million, FMV of Investment C determined to be $16 million and FMV of Investment E determined to be $14 million.
Year 5: Investment C sold for $20 million, FMV of Investment B determined to be $14 million and FMV of Investment E determined to be $10 million.
Year 6: Investment B sold for $16 million and FMV of Investment E determined to be $8 million.
Year 7: Investment E sold for $8 million and FMV.







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These assumptions are summarized in the following chart:
Investment AInvestment BInvestment CInvestment DInvestment ECumulative Unrealized Capital DepreciationCumulative Realized Capital LossesCumulative Realized Capital Gains
Year 1$10 million (cost basis)$10 million (cost basis)$10 million (cost basis)$10 million (cost basis)$10 million (cost basis)------
Year 2$20 million (sale price)$8 million
FMV
$12 million FMV$10 million FMV$10 million FMV$2 million--$10 million
Year 3--$8 million
FMV
$14 million FMV$14 million FMV$16 million FMV$2 million--$10 million
Year 4--$10 million FMV$16 million FMV$12 million (sale price)$14 million FMV----$12 million
Year 5--$14 million FMV$20 million (sale price)--$10 million FMV----$22 million
Year 6--$16 million (sale price)----$8 million FMV$2 million--$28 million
Year 7--------$8 million (sale price)--$2 million$28 million

The Incentive Fee on Capital Gains under the Investment Advisory Agreement would be:
Year 1:    None

Year 2:    Capital Gains Fee = 17.5% multiplied by ($10 million realized capital gains on sale of Investment A less $2 million cumulative capital depreciation) = $1.4 million

Year 3:    Capital Gains Fee = (17.5% multiplied by ($10 million cumulative realized capital gains less $2 million cumulative capital depreciation)) less $1.4 million cumulative Capital Gains Fee previously paid = $1.4 million less $1.4 million = $0.00 million

Year 4:    Capital Gains Fee = (17.5% multiplied by ($12 million cumulative realized capital gains)) less $1.4 million cumulative Capital Gains Fee previously paid = $2.1 million less $1.4 million = $0.7 million

Year 5:    Capital Gains Fee = (17.5% multiplied by ($22 million cumulative realized capital gains)) less $2.1 million cumulative Capital Gains Fee previously paid = $3.85 million less $2.1 million = $1.75 million

Year 6:    Capital Gains Fee = (17.5% multiplied by ($28 million cumulative realized capital gains less $2 million cumulative capital depreciation)) less $3.85 million cumulative Capital Gains Fee previously paid = $4.55 million less $3.85 million = $0.70 million

Year 7:    Capital Gains Fee = (17.5% multiplied by ($28 million cumulative realized capital gains less $2 million cumulative realized capital losses)) less $4.55 million cumulative Capital Gains Fee previously paid = $4.55 million less $4.55 million = $0.00 million

Collection and Disbursement of Fees Owed to Our Former Adviser
Under the Former Investment Advisory Agreement described below, both the base management fee and incentive fee on income were calculated and paid to our Former Adviser (as defined below) at the end of each quarter. In order to ensure that our Former Adviser received any compensation earned during the quarter ended December 31, 2017, the initial payment of the base management fee and incentive fee on income under the Investment Advisory Agreement covered the entire quarter in which the Investment Advisory Agreement became effective, and was calculated at a blended rate that reflected fee rates under the respective investment advisory agreements for the portion of the quarter in which our Former Adviser and OCM were serving as investment adviser. This structure allowed OCM to pay our Former Adviser the pro rata portion of the fees that were earned by, but not paid to, our Former Adviser for services rendered to us prior to October 17, 2017 of $0.3 million.
Duration and Termination
Unless earlier terminated as described below, the Investment Advisory Agreement will remain in effect until September 30, 2021 and thereafter from year-to-year if approved annually by our Board or by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of our outstanding voting securities, including, in either case, approval by a majority of our directors who are not interested persons. The Investment Advisory Agreement will automatically terminate in the event of its assignment. The Investment Advisory Agreement may be terminated by either party without penalty upon 60 days’ written notice to the other.
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The Investment Advisory Agreement may also be terminated, without penalty, upon the vote of a majority of our outstanding voting securities.
Indemnification
The Investment Advisory Agreement provides that, absent willful misfeasance, bad faith or gross negligence in the performance of their respective duties or by reason of the reckless disregard of their respective duties and obligations, Oaktree and its officers, managers, partners, members (and their members, including the owners of their members), agents, employees, controlling persons and any other person or entity affiliated with it, are entitled to indemnification from us for any damages, liabilities, costs and expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees and amounts reasonably paid in settlement) arising from the rendering of Oaktree’s services under the Investment Advisory Agreement or otherwise as our investment adviser.

Fee Waiver

         For the two-year period commencing on October 17, 2017, OCM waived management and incentive fees payable under the Investment Advisory Agreement that exceeded what would have been paid to the Former Adviser in the aggregate under the Former Investment Advisory Agreement.
Organization of our Adviser
Our Adviser is a Delaware limited liability company that is registered as an investment adviser under the Advisers Act. The principal address of our Adviser is 333 South Grand Avenue, 28th Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90071.
Board Approval of the Investment Advisory Agreement
Our Board of Directors met in person with OCM to consider the Investment Advisory Agreement on May 3, 2019. At the in-person meeting held on May 3, 2019, our Board of Directors, including all of the independent directors, unanimously approved the Investment Advisory Agreement. Such independent directors met separately with independent counsel in connection with their review of the Investment Advisory Agreement and the Brookfield transaction. In reaching its decision to approve the Investment Advisory Agreement, our Board of Directors, including all of the independent directors, reviewed a significant amount of information, which had been furnished by OCM at the request of independent counsel, on behalf of the independent directors. In reaching a decision to approve the Investment Advisory Agreement, our Board of Directors considered, among other things:

the nature, extent and quality of services performed by OCM;
the investment performance of us and funds managed by OCM with a similar investment objective to us;
the costs of services provided and the profits realized by OCM and its affiliates from their relationship with us;
the possible economies of scale that would be realized due to our growth;
whether fee levels reflect such economies of scale for the benefit of investors;
comparisons of services rendered to and fees paid by us with the services provided by and the fees paid to other investment advisers and the services provided to and the fees paid by other OCM clients; and
whether consummation of the Brookfield transaction would have any effect on the above considerations.

No single factor was determinative of the decision of our Board of Directors, including all of the independent directors, to approve the Investment Advisory Agreement and individual directors may have weighed certain factors differently. Throughout the process, the independent directors were advised by independent counsel. Following this process, our Board of Directors, including all of the independent directors, unanimously voted to approve the Investment Advisory Agreement subject to stockholder approval. Our stockholders approved the Investment Advisory Agreement on June 28, 2019.
Our Board of Directors met with Oaktree and OCM to consider to the approval of the novation and assumption of the Investment Advisory Agreement by OCM and Oaktree, respectively, and of the new Investment Advisory Agreement between the Company and Oaktree. On April 30, 2020, our Board of Directors, including all of the independent directors, unanimously approved the novation and assumption of the Investment Advisory Agreement with OCM and entry into the Investment Advisory Agreement with Oaktree. In reaching such decision, our Board of Directors considered, among other items, that the level and quality of services and the personnel providing such services would remain unchanged, that Oaktree and OCM are under common control and that the terms and conditions of the Investment Advisory Agreement (other than the parties) would remain unchanged.
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Payment of Our Expenses
Our primary operating expenses are the payment of (i) a base management fee and any incentive fees and (ii) the allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by Oaktree Administrator in performing its obligations under the Administration Agreement. Our management fee compensates our Adviser for its work in identifying, evaluating, negotiating, executing and servicing our investments. We generally bear all other expenses of our operations and transactions, including (without limitation) fees and expenses relating to:

expenses of offering our debt and equity securities;
the investigation and monitoring of our investments;
the cost of calculating our net asset value;
the cost of effecting sales and repurchases of shares of our common stock and other securities;
management and incentive fees payable pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement;
fees payable to third parties relating to, or associated with, making investments and valuing investments (including third-party valuation firms);
transfer agent, trustee and custodial fees;
interest payments and other costs related to our borrowings;
fees and expenses associated with marketing efforts (including attendance at investment conferences and similar events);
federal and state registration fees;
any exchange listing fees;
federal, state and local taxes;
independent directors’ fees and expenses;
brokerage commissions;
costs of mailing proxy statements, stockholders’ reports and notices;
costs of preparing government filings, including periodic and current reports with the SEC;
fidelity bond, liability insurance and other insurance premiums; and
printing, mailing, independent accountants and outside legal costs and all other direct expenses incurred by either our administrator or us in connection with administering our business, including payments under the Administration Agreement.
Former Investment Advisory Agreement
Prior to October 17, 2017, we were externally managed and advised by Fifth Street Management LLC, which we refer to as our “Former Adviser”. The following is a description of the Former Investment Advisory Agreement, which was terminated on October 17, 2017.
Management Fee
Through October 17, 2017, we paid our Former Adviser a fee for its services under the Former Investment Advisory Agreement consisting of two components: a base management fee and an incentive fee.
Base Management Fee
The base management fee was calculated at an annual rate of 1.0% of our gross assets, including any borrowings for investment purposes but excluding cash and cash equivalents. The base management fee was payable quarterly in arrears and the fee for any partial month or quarter was appropriately prorated.
Incentive Fee
The incentive fee paid to our Former Adviser had two parts. The first part was calculated and payable quarterly in arrears based on our pre-incentive fee net investment income for the immediately preceding fiscal quarter subject to a “hurdle rate” of 1.5% per quarter, and a “catch-up” provision. Our net investment income used to calculate this part of the incentive fee was also included in the amount of our gross assets used to calculate the 1.0% base management fee.
There was no accumulation of amounts on the hurdle rate from quarter to quarter and accordingly there was no clawback of amounts previously paid if subsequent quarters were below the quarterly hurdle and there was no delay of payment if prior quarters were below the quarterly hurdle.
The second part of the incentive fee was determined and payable in arrears as of the end of each fiscal year (or upon termination of the Former Investment Advisory Agreement, as of the termination date) commencing on September 30, 2013 and equaled 20% of our realized capital gains, if any, on a cumulative basis from inception through the end of each fiscal year, computed net of all realized capital losses and unrealized capital depreciation on a cumulative basis, less the aggregate amount of any previously paid capital gain incentive fees.
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Administration Agreement
Effective October 17, 2017, we are party to the Administration Agreement with Oaktree Administrator. Pursuant to the Administration Agreement, Oaktree Administrator provides administrative services to us necessary for our operations, which include providing office facilities, equipment, clerical, bookkeeping and record keeping services at such facilities and such other services as Oaktree Administrator, subject to review by our Board of Directors, shall from time to time deem to be necessary or useful to perform its obligations under the Administration Agreement. Oaktree Administrator may, on behalf of us, conduct relations and negotiate agreements with custodians, trustees, depositories, attorneys, underwriters, brokers and dealers, corporate fiduciaries, insurers, banks and such other persons in any such other capacity deemed to be necessary or desirable. Oaktree Administrator will make reports to our Board of Directors of its performance of obligations under the Administration Agreement and furnish advice and recommendations with respect to such other aspects of our business and affairs, in each case, as it shall determine to be desirable or as reasonably required by our Board of Directors; provided that Oaktree Administrator shall not provide any investment advice or recommendation.
Oaktree Administrator also provides portfolio collection functions for interest income, fees and warrants and is responsible for the financial and other records that we are required to maintain, and prepares, prints and disseminates reports to our stockholders and all other materials filed with the SEC. In addition, Oaktree Administrator assists us in determining and publishing our net asset value, overseeing the preparation and filing of our tax returns, and generally overseeing the payment of our expenses and the performance of administrative and professional services rendered to us by others. Oaktree Administrator may also offer to provide, on our behalf, managerial assistance to our portfolio companies.
For providing these services, facilities and personnel, we reimburse Oaktree Administrator the allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by Oaktree Administrator in performing its obligations under the Administration Agreement, including our allocable portion of the rent of our principal executive offices (which are located in a building owned by a Brookfield affiliate) at market rates and our allocable portion of the costs of compensation and related expenses of our Chief Financial Officer, Chief Compliance Officer, their staffs and other non-investment professionals at Oaktree that perform duties for us. Such reimbursement is at cost, with no profit to, or markup by, Oaktree Administrator.
The Administration Agreement provides that, absent willful misfeasance, bad faith or gross negligence in the performance of their respective duties or by reason of the reckless disregard of their respective duties and obligations, Oaktree Administrator and its officers, managers, partners, agents, employees, controlling persons, members (or their owners) and any other person or entity affiliated with it, are entitled to indemnification from us for any damages, liabilities, costs and expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees and amounts reasonably paid in settlement) arising from the rendering of Oaktree Administrator’s services under the Administration Agreement or otherwise as our administrator. Unless earlier terminated as described below, the Administration Agreement will remain in effect until September 30, 2021 and thereafter from year-to-year if approved annually by our Board of Directors or by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of our outstanding voting securities, including, in either case, approval by a majority of our directors who are not interested persons. The Administration Agreement may be terminated by either party without penalty upon 60 days’ written notice to the other. The Administration Agreement may also be terminated, without penalty, upon the vote of a majority of our outstanding voting securities.
Former Administration Agreement
Prior to its termination by its terms on October 17, 2017, we were party to an administration agreement, or the Former Administration Agreement, with a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Former Adviser, or the Former Administrator. Pursuant to the Former Administration Agreement, our Former Administrator provided services substantially similar to those provided by Oaktree Administrator as described above under “- Administration Agreement.” For providing these services, facilities and personnel, we reimbursed the Former Administrator the allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by it in performing its obligations under the Former Administration Agreement, including rent and our allocable portion of the costs of compensation and related expenses of our Chief Financial Officer and Chief Compliance Officer and their staffs. Such reimbursement was at cost, with no profit to, or markup by, our Former Administrator. Our allocable portion of our Former Administrator’s costs was determined based upon costs attributable to our operations versus costs attributable to the operations of other entities for which our Former Administrator provided administrative services.
Competition
We operate in a highly competitive market for investment opportunities. We compete for investments with various other investors, such as other public and private funds, other Business Development Companies, commercial and investment banks, commercial finance companies and to the extent they provide an alternative form of financing, private equity funds, some of which may be our affiliates. Other Oaktree funds may have investment objectives that overlap with ours, which may create competition for investment opportunities. Many competitors are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial, technical and marketing resources than we do. For example, some competitors may have a lower cost of funds and access to
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funding sources that will not be available to us. In addition, some of our competitors may have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments than we do, which could allow them to consider a wider variety of investments and establish more relationships than us. Furthermore, many of our competitors are not subject to the regulatory restrictions that the Investment Company Act and the Code impose on us. The competitive pressures could impair our business, financial condition and results of operations. As a result of this competition, we may not be able to take advantage of attractive investment opportunities. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors – Risks Relating to Our Business and Structure – We may face increasing competition for investment opportunities, which could reduce returns and result in losses."
Staffing
We do not currently have any employees and do not expect to have any employees. Services necessary for our business are provided through the Administration Agreement and the Investment Advisory Agreement.
Allocation of Investment Opportunities and Potential Conflicts of Interest
Our executive officers and directors, and certain members of our Adviser, serve or may serve as officers, directors or principals of entities that operate in the same or a related line of business as we do or of investment funds managed by our affiliates. For example, Oaktree presently serves as the investment adviser to OCSL, a publicly-traded Business Development Company, and Oaktree Strategic Income II, Inc., or OSI II, a private Business Development Company. All of our executive officers serve in substantially similar capacities for OCSL and OSI II, all of our independent directors serve as independent directors of OCSL, and one of our independent directors serves as an independent director of OSI II. OCSL has historically invested in senior secured loans, including first lien, unitranche and second lien debt instruments that pay interest at rates which are determined periodically on the basis of a floating base lending rate, made to private middle-market companies whose debt is rated below investment grade, similar to those we target for investment. OSI II also makes similar investments. Oaktree and its affiliates also manage and sub-advise private investment funds and accounts, and may manage other such funds and accounts in the future, which have investment mandates that are similar, in whole and in part, with ours. Therefore, there may be certain investment opportunities that satisfy the investment criteria for OCSL, OSI II and us as well as private investment funds and accounts advised or sub-advised by Oaktree or its affiliates. In addition, Oaktree and its affiliates may have obligations to investors in other entities that they advise or sub-advise, the fulfillment of which might not be in the best interests of us or our stockholders.
For example, the personnel of our Adviser may face conflicts of interest in the allocation of investment opportunities to us and such other funds and accounts. Oaktree has investment allocation guidelines that govern the allocation of investment opportunities among the investment funds and accounts managed or sub-advised by Oaktree and its affiliates. To the extent an investment opportunity is appropriate for us or OCSL, OSI II or any other investment fund or account managed or sub-advised by Oaktree or its affiliates, Oaktree will adhere to its investment allocation guidelines in order to determine a fair and equitable allocation.
We may invest alongside funds and accounts managed or sub-advised by our Adviser and its affiliates in certain circumstances where doing so is consistent with applicable law and SEC staff interpretations. For example, we may invest alongside such accounts consistent with guidance promulgated by the staff of the SEC permitting us and such other accounts to purchase interests in a single class of privately placed securities so long as certain conditions are met, including that our Adviser, acting on our behalf and on behalf of other clients, negotiates no term other than price or terms related to price.
In addition, on October 18, 2017, affiliates of our Adviser received exemptive relief from the SEC to allow certain managed funds and accounts, each of whose investment adviser is OCM or an investment adviser controlling, controlled by or under common control with OCM, such as our Adviser, to participate in negotiated co-investment transactions where doing so is consistent with the applicable registered fund’s or Business Development Company’s investment objective and strategies as well as regulatory requirements and other pertinent factors, and pursuant to the conditions of the exemptive relief. Each potential co-investment opportunity that falls under the terms of the exemptive relief and is appropriate for us and any affiliated fund or account, and satisfies the then-current board-established criteria, will be offered to us and such other eligible funds and accounts. If there is a sufficient amount of securities to satisfy all participants, the securities will be allocated among the participants in accordance with their proposed order size and if there is an insufficient amount of securities to satisfy all participants, the securities will be allocated pro rata based on the investment proposed by the applicable investment adviser to such participant, up to the amount proposed to be invested by each, which is reviewed and approved by an independent committee of legal, compliance and accounting professionals at our Adviser. We, with our Adviser and certain other affiliates, have submitted an application to the SEC for exemptive relief that would modify the terms of our existing exemptive relief to allow proprietary accounts to participate in co-investment transactions subject to certain conditions. We may also invest alongside funds managed by our Adviser and its affiliates in certain circumstances where doing so is consistent with applicable law and SEC staff interpretations. For example, we may invest alongside such accounts consistent with guidance promulgated
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by the staff of the SEC permitting us and such other accounts to purchase interests in a single class of privately placed securities so long as certain conditions are met, including that our Adviser, acting on our behalf and on behalf of other clients, negotiates no term other than price.
Although Oaktree will endeavor to allocate investment opportunities in a fair and equitable manner, we and our common stockholders could be adversely affected to the extent investment opportunities are allocated among us and other investment vehicles managed or sponsored by, or affiliated with, our executive officers, directors and members of our Adviser. We might not participate in each individual opportunity, but will, on an overall basis, be entitled to participate equitably with other entities managed by Oaktree and its affiliates. Oaktree is committed to treating all clients fairly and equitably over time such that none receive preferential treatment vis-à-vis the others over time, in a manner consistent with its fiduciary duty to each of them; however, in some instances, especially in instances of limited liquidity, the factors may not result in pro rata allocations or may result in situations where certain funds or accounts receive allocations where others do not.
Pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement, our Adviser’s liability is limited and we are required to indemnify our Adviser against certain liabilities. This may lead our Adviser to act in a riskier manner in performing its duties and obligations under the Investment Advisory Agreement than it would if it were acting for its own account, and creates a potential conflict of interest.
Pursuant to the Administration Agreement, Oaktree Administrator furnishes us with the facilities, including our principal executive office, and administrative services necessary to conduct our day-to-day operations. We pay Oaktree Administrator its allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by Oaktree Administrator in performing its obligations under the Administration Agreement, including, without limitation, a portion of the rent at market rates and compensation of our Chief Financial Officer, Chief Compliance Officer, their respective staffs and other non-investment professionals at Oaktree that perform duties for us.
Election to be Taxed as a Regulated Investment Company
We have elected to be treated, and intend to qualify annually, as a RIC for U.S. federal income tax purposes under Subchapter M of the Code. As a RIC, we generally will not be required to pay corporate-level federal income taxes on any ordinary income or capital gains that we distribute to our stockholders as dividends. To continue to qualify as a RIC, we must, among other things, meet certain source-of-income and asset diversification requirements (as described below). In addition, to qualify for RIC tax treatment we must distribute to our stockholders, for each taxable year, at least 90% of the Company’s “investment company taxable income” for that year, which is generally its ordinary income plus the excess of its realized net short-term capital gains over its realized net long-term capital losses, or the Annual Distribution Requirement.
If we:
qualify as a RIC; and
satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement;

then we will not be subject to federal income tax on the portion of our investment company taxable income and net capital gain (i.e., realized net long-term capital gains in excess of realized net short-term capital losses) we distribute to stockholders. We are subject to U.S. federal income tax at the regular corporate rates on any income or capital gain not distributed (or deemed distributed) to our stockholders.
We will be subject to a 4% nondeductible federal excise tax on certain undistributed income unless we distribute in a timely manner an amount at least equal to the sum of (1) 98% of our ordinary income for each calendar year, (2) 98.2% of our capital gain net income for the one-year period ending October 31 in that calendar year and (3) any income realized, but not distributed, and on which we paid no federal income tax, in preceding years.
In order to maintain our qualification as a RIC for federal income tax purposes, we must, among other things:
at all times during each taxable year, have in effect an election to be treated as a Business Development Company under the Investment Company Act;

derive in each taxable year at least 90% of our gross income from (a) dividends, interest, payments with respect to certain securities (including loans), gains from the sale of stock or other securities or currencies, or other income derived with respect to our business of investing in such stock, securities or currencies and (b) net income derived from an interest in a “qualified publicly traded partnership;” (the “90% Gross Income Test”) and

diversify our holdings so that at the end of each quarter of the taxable year:
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(i) at least 50% of the value of our assets consists of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities, securities of other RICs, and other securities if such other securities of any one issuer do not represent more than 5% of the value of its assets or more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the issuer; and

(ii) no more than 25% of the value of our assets is invested in (a) the securities, other than U.S. government securities or securities of other RICs, of one issuer, (b) the securities of two or more issuers that are controlled, as determined under applicable tax rules, by us and that are engaged in the same or similar or related trades or businesses or (c) the securities of one or more “qualified publicly traded partnerships” ((i) and (ii) collectively, the “Diversification Tests”).
We may be required to recognize taxable income in circumstances in which we do not receive cash. For example, if we hold debt obligations that are treated under applicable tax rules as having OID (such as debt instruments with increasing interest rates or debt instruments issued with warrants), we must include in income each year a portion of the OID that accrues over the life of the obligation, regardless of whether cash representing such income is received by us in the same taxable year. Because any OID accrued will be included in our investment company taxable income for the year of accrual, we may be required to make a distribution to our stockholders in order to satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement, even though we will not have received any corresponding cash amount.
Because we use debt financing, we are subject to certain asset coverage ratio requirements under the Investment Company Act described above and financial covenants under loan and credit agreements that could, under certain circumstances, restrict us from making distributions necessary to satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement. If we are unable to obtain cash from other sources or are otherwise limited in our ability to make distributions, we could fail to qualify for RIC tax treatment and thus become subject to corporate-level income tax.
Certain of our investment practices may be subject to special and complex U.S. federal income tax provisions that may, among other things: (a) disallow, suspend or otherwise limit the allowance of certain losses or deductions; (b) convert lower taxed long-term capital gain into higher taxed short-term capital gain or ordinary income; (c) convert an ordinary loss or a deduction into a capital loss (the deductibility of which is more limited); (d) cause us to recognize income or gain without a corresponding receipt of cash; (e) adversely affect the time as to when a purchase or sale of securities is deemed to occur; (f) adversely alter the characterization of certain complex financial transactions; or (g) produce income that will not be qualifying income for purposes of the 90% gross income test described above. We will monitor our transactions and may make certain tax elections in order to mitigate the potential adverse effect of these provisions.
If, in any particular taxable year, we do not qualify as a RIC, all of our taxable income (including our net capital gains) will be subject to tax at regular corporate rates without any deduction for distributions to stockholders, and distributions will be taxable to the stockholders as ordinary dividends to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits.
Business Development Company Regulations
We have elected to be a Business Development Company under the Investment Company Act. As with other companies regulated by the Investment Company Act, a Business Development Company must adhere to certain substantive regulatory requirements. The Investment Company Act contains prohibitions and restrictions relating to transactions between Business Development Companies and their affiliates (including any investment advisers), principal underwriters and affiliates of those affiliates or underwriters.
The Investment Company Act further requires that a majority of our directors be persons other than “interested persons,” as that term is defined in the Investment Company Act. In addition, we may not change the nature of our business so as to cease to be, or withdraw our election as, a Business Development Company unless authorized by a vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities, as required by the Investment Company Act. A majority of the outstanding voting securities of a company is defined under the Investment Company Act as the lesser of: (a) 67% or more of such company’s voting securities present at a meeting if more than 50% of the outstanding voting securities of such company are present or represented by proxy, or (b) more than 50% of the outstanding voting securities of such company. We do not anticipate any substantial change in the nature of our business.
We are not generally able to issue and sell our common stock at a price below net asset value per share. We may, however, sell our common stock, warrants, options or rights to acquire our common stock, at a price below the current net asset value of the common stock if our Board of Directors determines that such sale is in our best interests and that of our stockholders, and our stockholders approve such sale. In any such case, the price at which our securities are to be issued and sold may not be less than a price which, in the determination of our Board of Directors, closely approximates the market value
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of such securities (less any distributing commission or discount). We may also make rights offerings to our stockholders at prices per share less than the net asset value per share, subject to applicable requirements of the Investment Company Act.
Investment Restrictions
We do not intend to acquire securities issued by any investment company that exceed the limits imposed by the Investment Company Act. Under such limits, except for registered money market funds, we generally cannot acquire more than 3% of the voting stock of any registered investment company, invest more than 5% of the value of our total assets in the securities of one registered investment company or invest more than 10% of the value of our total assets in the securities of registered investment companies in the aggregate. The portion of our portfolio invested in securities issued by investment companies ordinarily will subject stockholders to additional indirect expenses. None of the policies described above is fundamental and each such policy may be changed without stockholder approval, subject to any limitations imposed by the Investment Company Act.
Qualifying Assets
Under the Investment Company Act, a Business Development Company may not acquire any asset other than assets of the type listed in Section 55(a) of the Investment Company Act, which are referred to as qualifying assets, unless, at the time the acquisition is made, qualifying assets represent at least 70% of the company’s total assets. The principal categories of qualifying assets relevant to our business are any of the following:
(1) Securities purchased in transactions not involving any public offering from the issuer of such securities, which issuer (subject to certain limited exceptions) is an eligible portfolio company, or from any person who is, or has been during the preceding 13 months, an affiliated person of an eligible portfolio company, or from any other person, subject to such rules as may be prescribed by the SEC. An eligible portfolio company is defined in the Investment Company Act as any issuer which:
(a) is organized under the laws of, and has its principal place of business in, the United States;
(b) is not an investment company (other than a small business investment company wholly owned by the Business Development Company) or a company that would be an investment company but for certain exclusions under the Investment Company Act; and
(c) satisfies any of the following:
(i) does not have any class of securities that is traded on a national securities exchange;
(ii) has a class of securities listed on a national securities exchange, but has an aggregate market value of outstanding voting and non-voting common equity of less than $250 million;
(iii) is controlled by a Business Development Company or a group of companies including a Business Development Company and the Business Development Company has an affiliated person who is a director of the eligible portfolio company; or
(iv) is a small and solvent company having total assets of not more than $4 million and capital and surplus of not less than $2 million;
(2) Securities of any eligible portfolio company that we control;
(3) Securities purchased in a private transaction from a U.S. issuer that is not an investment company or from an affiliated person of the issuer, or in transactions incident thereto, if the issuer is in bankruptcy and subject to reorganization or if the issuer, immediately prior to the purchase of its securities was unable to meet its obligations as they came due without material assistance other than conventional lending or financing arrangements;
(4) Securities of an eligible portfolio company purchased from any person in a private transaction if there is no ready market for such securities and we already own 60% of the outstanding equity of the eligible portfolio company;
(5) Securities received in exchange for or distributed on or with respect to securities described in (1) through (4) above, or pursuant to the exercise of warrants or rights relating to such securities; or
(6) Cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities or high-quality debt securities maturing in one year or less from the time of investment.

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Managerial Assistance to Portfolio Companies
A Business Development Company must be operated for the purpose of making investments in the types of securities described in (1), (2) or (3) above. However, in order to count portfolio securities as qualifying assets for the purpose of the 70% test, a Business Development Company must either control the issuer of the securities or must offer to make available to the issuer of the securities (other than small and solvent companies described above) significant managerial assistance. However, when a Business Development Company purchases securities in conjunction with one or more other persons acting together, one of the other persons in the group may make available such managerial assistance. Making available managerial assistance includes any arrangement whereby a Business Development Company, through its directors, officers or employees, offers to provide, and, if accepted, does so provide, significant guidance and counsel concerning the management, operations or business objectives and policies of a portfolio company.
Temporary Investments
Pending investment in other types of "qualifying assets," as described above, our investments may consist of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities or high-quality debt securities maturing in one year or less from the time of investment (collectively, “temporary investments”) so that 70% of our assets are qualifying assets. We may also invest in U.S. Treasury bills or in repurchase agreements, provided that such agreements are fully collateralized by cash or securities issued by the U.S. government or its agencies. A repurchase agreement involves the purchase by an investor, such as the Company, of a specified security and the simultaneous agreement by the seller to repurchase it at an agreed-upon future date and at a price which is greater than the purchase price by an amount that reflects an agreed-upon interest rate. There is no percentage restriction on the proportion of our assets that may be invested in such repurchase agreements. However, if more than 25% of our gross assets constitute repurchase agreements from a single counterparty, we would not meet the Diversification Tests. Thus, we do not intend to enter into repurchase agreements with a single counterparty in excess of this limit. Our Adviser will monitor the creditworthiness of the counterparties with which we enter into repurchase agreement transactions.
Senior Securities
At a special meeting of stockholders held on July 10, 2018, our stockholders approved the application of the reduced asset coverage requirements in Section 61(a)(2) of the Investment Company Act to us, effective as of July 11, 2018. The reduced asset coverage requirements permit us to double the maximum amount of leverage that we are permitted to incur by reducing the asset coverage requirements applicable to us from 200% to 150%. As a result of the reduced asset coverage requirement, we can incur $2 of debt for each $1 of equity as compared to $1 of debt for each $1 of equity.
Consistent with applicable legal and regulatory requirements, we are permitted, under specified conditions, to issue multiple classes of indebtedness and one class of stock senior to our common stock if our asset coverage, as calculated as provided in the Investment Company Act, is at least 150% immediately after each such issuance. In addition, while any senior securities remain outstanding, we may make provisions to prohibit any distribution to our stockholders or the repurchase of such securities or shares unless we meet the applicable asset coverage ratios at the time of the distribution or repurchase. We would also be permitted to borrow amounts up to 5% of the value of our total assets for generally up to 60 days for temporary purposes without regard to asset coverage.
Other
We are subject to periodic examination by the SEC for compliance with the Investment Company Act.
We are required to provide and maintain a bond issued by a reputable fidelity insurance company to protect us against larceny and embezzlement. Furthermore, as a Business Development Company, we are prohibited from protecting any director or officer against any liability to us or our stockholders arising from willful misfeasance, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard of the duties involved in the conduct of such person’s office.
We and our Adviser are each required to adopt and implement written policies and procedures reasonably designed to prevent violation of the U.S. federal securities laws, review these policies and procedures annually for their adequacy and the effectiveness of their implementation, and designate a Chief Compliance Officer to be responsible for administering the policies and procedures.
Code of Ethics
We have adopted a joint code of ethics with OCSL pursuant to Rule 17j-1 under the Investment Company Act and we have also approved Oaktree’s code of ethics that was adopted by it under Rule 17j-1 under the Investment Company Act and Rule 204A-1 under the Advisers Act. These codes establish procedures for personal investments and restrict certain personal
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securities transactions. Personnel subject to the code may invest in securities for their personal investment accounts, including securities that may be purchased or held by us, so long as such investments are made in accordance with the code’s requirements. You may read and copy the codes of ethics at the SEC’s Public Reference Room located at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549. You may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. In addition, the codes of ethics are available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov and are available at the Investors: Corporate Governance portion of our website at www.oaktreestrategicincome.com.
Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures
We have delegated our proxy voting responsibility to our Adviser. The proxy voting policies and procedures of our Adviser are set forth below. These guidelines are reviewed periodically by our Adviser and our independent directors, and, accordingly, are subject to change.
An investment adviser registered under the Advisers Act has a fiduciary duty to act solely in the best interests of its clients. As part of this duty, our Adviser recognizes that it must vote portfolio securities in a timely manner free of conflicts of interest and in the best interests of its clients.
These policies and procedures for voting proxies are intended to comply with Section 206 of, and Rule 206(4)-6 under, the Advisers Act.
Our Adviser will vote proxies relating to our portfolio securities, if any, in what it perceives to be the best interest of our stockholders. Our Adviser will review on a case-by-case basis each proposal submitted to a shareholder vote to determine its impact on portfolio securities held by us. Although our Adviser will generally vote against proposals that may have a negative impact on our portfolio securities, it may vote for such a proposal if there are compelling long-term reasons to do so.
Our Adviser’s proxy voting decisions will be made by officers who are responsible for monitoring each of our investments. To ensure that the vote is not the product of a conflict of interest, our Adviser will require that: (1) anyone involved in the decision-making process disclose to the Chief Compliance Officer any potential conflict that he or she is aware of and any contact that he or she has had with any interested party regarding a proxy vote; and (2) employees involved in the decision-making process or vote administration are prohibited from revealing how our Adviser intends to vote on a proposal, in order to reduce any attempted influence from interested parties.
Stockholders may obtain information regarding how we voted proxies by making a written request for proxy voting information to: Oaktree Strategic Income Corporation, Chief Compliance Officer, 333 South Grand Avenue, 28th Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90071.
Reporting Obligations
We file annual reports containing audited financial statements, quarterly reports, and such other periodic reports as we determine to be appropriate or as may be required by law. We are required to comply with all periodic reporting, proxy solicitation and other applicable requirements under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act.
We make available on or through our website certain reports and amendments to those reports that we file with or furnish to the SEC in accordance with the Exchange Act. These include our annual reports on Form 10-K, our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and our current reports on Form 8-K. We make this information available on our website free of charge as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file the information with, or furnish it to, the SEC. The SEC also maintains a website that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information we file with the SEC at www.sec.gov.
We maintain a website at www.oaktreestrategicincome.com. The information on our website is not incorporated by reference in this annual report on Form 10-K.
Sarbanes-Oxley Act Compliance
We are subject to the reporting and disclosure requirements of the Exchange Act, including the filing of quarterly, annual and current reports, proxy statements and other required items. In addition, we are subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which imposes a wide variety of regulatory requirements on public companies and their insiders. For example:
 
pursuant to Rule 13a-14 under the Exchange Act, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer are required to certify the accuracy of the financial statements contained in our periodic reports;
pursuant to Item 307 of Regulation S-K, our periodic reports are required to disclose our conclusions about the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures; and
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pursuant to Rule 13a-15 under the Exchange Act, our management is required to prepare a report regarding its assessment of our internal control over financial reporting. If we become an "accelerated filer" as defined in the rules promulgated under the Exchange Act, our independent registered public accounting firm will be required to audit our internal control over financial reporting.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires us to review our current policies and procedures to determine whether we comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the regulations promulgated thereunder. We will continue to monitor compliance with all regulations that are adopted under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and will take actions necessary to ensure that we are in compliance therewith.

Stock Exchange Corporate Governance Regulations
The Nasdaq Global Select Market has adopted corporate governance regulations that listed companies must comply with. We are in compliance with such corporate governance regulations as applicable to us.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Investing in our securities involves a number of significant risks. In addition to the other information contained in this annual report on Form 10-K, you should consider carefully the following information before making an investment in our securities. The risks set out below are not the only risks we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or not presently deemed material by us might also impair our operations and performance. If any of the following events occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. In such case, our net asset value and the trading price of our securities could decline, and you may lose part or all of your investment. The risk factors described below are the principal risk factors associated with an investment in us as well as those factors generally associated with an investment company with investment objectives, investment policies, capital structure or trading markets similar to ours.
An investment in our securities involves risks. The following is a summary of the principal risks that you should carefully consider before investing in our securities.
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and related government actions, certain of our portfolio companies are distressed, and we have opportunistically acquired the securities and obligations of distressed companies. These and future investments in distressed companies are subject to significant risks, including lack of income, extraordinary expenses, uncertainty with respect to satisfaction of debt, lower-than-expected investment values or income potentials and resale restrictions.
Global economic, political and market conditions, including those caused by the current public health crisis, have (and in the future, could further) adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition and those of our portfolio companies.
Changes in interest rates, changes in the method for determining LIBOR and the potential replacement of LIBOR may affect our cost of capital and net investment income.
A significant portion of our investment portfolio is and will continue to be recorded at fair value as determined in good faith by our Board of Directors and, as a result, there is and will continue to be uncertainty as to the value of our portfolio investments.
Our ability to achieve our investment objective depends on our Adviser’s ability to support our investment process; if our Adviser were to lose key personnel or they were to resign, our ability to achieve our investment objective could be significantly harmed.
Because we borrow money, the potential for loss on amounts invested in us will be magnified and may increase the risk of investing in us.
There are significant potential conflicts of interest that could adversely impact our investment returns.
Regulations governing our operation as a Business Development Company and RIC affect our ability to raise, and the way in which we raise, additional capital or borrow for investment purposes, which may have a negative effect on our growth.
Our investments in portfolio companies may be risky, and we could lose all or parts of our investments.
Shares of closed-end investment companies, including Business Development Companies, may trade at a discount to their net asset value.
The market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly.
There are risks related to the Mergers that could adversely affect us or our stockholders.
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Economic recessions or downturns may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations, and could impair the ability of our portfolio companies to repay debt or pay interest.
Risks Relating to the COVID-19 Pandemic
Global economic, political and market conditions caused by the current public health crisis have (and in the future, could further) adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition and those of our portfolio companies.

A novel strain of coronavirus initially appeared in China in late 2019 and rapidly spread to other countries, including the United States.  In an attempt to slow the spread of the coronavirus, governments around the world, including the United States, placed restrictions on travel, issued “stay at home” orders and ordered the temporary closure of certain businesses, such as factories and retail stores.  Such restrictions and closures impacted supply chains, consumer demand and/or the operations of many businesses. As jurisdictions around the United States and the world continue to experience surges in cases of COVID-19 and governments consider pausing the lifting of or re-imposing restrictions, there is considerable uncertainty surrounding the full economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic and the long-term effects on the U.S. and global financial markets.

Any disruptions in the capital markets, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic or otherwise, may increase the spread between the yields realized on risk-free and higher risk securities and can result in illiquidity in parts of the capital markets, significant write-offs in the financial sector and re-pricing of credit risk in the broadly syndicated market.  These and any other unfavorable economic conditions could increase our funding costs, limit our access to the capital markets or result in a decision by lenders not to extend credit to us. During the spring of 2020, the occurrence of these events negatively impacted the fair value of the investments that we held and, if they were to occur again in the future, could limit our investment originations (including as a result of the investment professionals of our Adviser diverting their time to the restructuring of certain investments), negatively impact our operating results and limit our ability to grow. In addition, our success depends in substantial part on the management, skill and acumen of our Adviser, whose operations may be adversely impacted, including through quarantine measures and travel restrictions imposed on its investment professionals or service providers, or any related health issues of such investment professionals or service providers.

In addition, the restrictions and closures and related market conditions resulted in, and if re-imposed in the future, could further result in certain of our portfolio companies halting or significantly curtailing operations and negative impacts to the supply chains of certain of our portfolio companies. The financial results of middle-market companies, like those in which we invest, experienced deterioration, which could ultimately lead to difficulty in meeting debt service requirements and an increase in defaults, and further deterioration will further depress the outlook for those companies. Further, adverse economic conditions decreased and may in the future decrease the value of collateral securing some of our loans and the value of our equity investments. Such conditions have required and may in the future require us to modify the payment terms of our investments, including changes in PIK interest provisions and/or cash interest rates. The performance of certain of our portfolio companies has been, and in the future may be, negatively impacted by these economic or other conditions, which can result in our receipt of reduced interest income from our portfolio companies and/or realized and unrealized losses related to our investments, and, in turn, may adversely affect distributable income and have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. In addition, as governments ease COVID-19 related restrictions, certain of our portfolio companies may experience increased health and safety expenses, payroll costs and other operating expenses.

As the potential impact of the coronavirus remains difficult to predict, the extent to which the coronavirus could negatively affect our and our portfolio companies’ operating results or the duration or reoccurrence of any potential business or supply-chain disruption is uncertain. Any potential impact to our results of operations will depend to a large extent on future developments regarding the duration and severity of the coronavirus and the actions taken by governments (including stimulus measures or the lack thereof) and their citizens to contain the coronavirus or treat its impact, all of which are beyond our control.
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and related government actions, certain of our portfolio companies are distressed, and we have opportunistically acquired the securities and obligations of distressed companies.  These and future investments in distressed companies are subject to significant risks, including lack of income, extraordinary expenses, uncertainty with respect to satisfaction of debt, lower-than-expected investment values or income potentials and resale restrictions.

We have acquired, and may in the future acquire, the securities and other obligations of distressed or bankrupt companies, including opportunistic acquisitions during the COVID-19 pandemic. At times, distressed debt obligations may not produce income and may require us to bear certain extraordinary expenses (including legal, accounting, valuation and transaction
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expenses) in order to protect and recover our investment. Therefore, when we invest in distressed debt, our ability to achieve current income for our stockholders may be diminished, particularly where the portfolio company has negative EBITDA.

We also are subject to significant uncertainty as to when and in what manner and for what value the distressed debt we acquire will eventually be satisfied whether through a refinancing, restructuring, liquidation, an exchange offer or plan of reorganization involving the distressed debt securities or a payment of some amount in satisfaction of the obligation. In addition, even if an exchange offer is made or plan of reorganization is adopted with respect to distressed debt held by us, there can be no assurance that the securities or other assets received by us in connection with such exchange offer or plan of reorganization will not have a lower value or income potential than may have been anticipated when the investment was made.

Moreover, any securities received by us upon completion of an exchange offer or plan of reorganization may be restricted as to resale. As a result of our participation in negotiations with respect to any exchange offer or plan of reorganization with respect to an issuer of distressed debt, we may be restricted from disposing of such securities.
Risks Relating to Our Business and Structure
Changes in interest rates, changes in the method for determining LIBOR and the potential replacement of LIBOR may affect our cost of capital and net investment income.
General interest rate fluctuations and changes in credit spreads on floating rate loans may have a substantial negative impact on our investments and investment opportunities and, accordingly, may have a material adverse effect on our rate of return on invested capital, our net investment income, our net asset value and the market price of our common stock. The majority of our debt investments have, and are expected to have, variable interest rates that reset periodically based on benchmarks such as LIBOR, the federal funds rate or prime rate. An increase in interest rates may make it more difficult for our portfolio companies to service their obligations under the debt investments that we will hold and increase defaults even where our investment income increases. Rising interest rates could also cause borrowers to shift cash from other productive uses to the payment of interest, which may have a material adverse effect on their business and operations and could, over time, lead to increased defaults. Additionally, as interest rates increase and the corresponding risk of a default by borrowers increases, the liquidity of higher interest rate loans may decrease as fewer investors may be willing to purchase such loans in the secondary market in light of the increased risk of a default by the borrower and the heightened risk of a loss of an investment in such loans. Decreases in credit spreads on debt that pays a floating rate of return would have an impact on the income generation of our floating rate assets. Trading prices for debt that pays a fixed rate of return tend to fall as interest rates rise. Trading prices tend to fluctuate more for fixed rate securities that have longer maturities.
Conversely, if interest rates decline, borrowers may refinance their loans at lower interest rates, which could shorten the average life of the loans and reduce the associated returns on the investment, as well as require our Adviser and the Investment Professionals to incur management time and expense to re-deploy such proceeds, including on terms that may not be as favorable as our existing loans.
In addition, because we borrow to fund our investments, a portion of our net investment income is dependent upon the difference between the interest rate at which we borrow funds and the interest rate at which we invest these funds. Portions of our investment portfolio and our borrowings have floating rate components. As a result, a significant change in market interest rates could have a material adverse effect on our net investment income. In periods of rising interest rates, our cost of funds could increase, which would reduce our net investment income. We may hedge against interest rate fluctuations by using standard hedging instruments such as interest rate swap agreements, futures, options and forward contracts, subject to applicable legal requirements, including all necessary registrations (or exemptions from registration) with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. These activities may limit our ability to participate in the benefits of lower interest rates with respect to the hedged borrowings. Adverse developments resulting from changes in interest rates or hedging transactions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
As a result of concerns about the accuracy of the calculation of LIBOR, a number of British Bankers’ Association, or BBA, member banks entered into settlements with certain regulators and law enforcement agencies with respect to the alleged manipulation of LIBOR. Actions by the BBA, regulators or law enforcement agencies as a result of these or future events, may result in changes to the manner in which LIBOR is determined (to the extent it continues beyond 2021). Potential changes, or uncertainty related to such potential changes may adversely affect the market for LIBOR-based securities, including our portfolio of LIBOR-indexed, floating-rate debt securities and our borrowings.
In July 2017, the head of the United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority announced the desire to phase out the use of LIBOR by the end of 2021. The U.S. Federal Reserve, in conjunction with the Alternative Reference Rates Committee, a steering committee comprised of large U.S. financial institutions, is considering replacing U.S.-dollar LIBOR with the Secured Overnight Financing Rate, or SOFR, a new index calculated by short-term repurchase agreements, backed by Treasury
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securities. Although there have been a few issuances utilizing SOFR or the Sterling Over Night Index Average, an alternative reference rate that is based on transactions, it is unknown whether these alternative reference rates will attain market acceptance as replacements for LIBOR. Any transition away from LIBOR to alternative reference rates is complex and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations, including as a result of any changes in the pricing of our investments, changes to the documentation for certain of our investments and the pace of such changes, disputes and other actions regarding the interpretation of current and prospective loan documentation or modifications to processes and systems. 
It remains unclear whether the cessation of LIBOR will be delayed due to COVID-19 or what form any delay may take, and there are no assurances that there will be a delay. It is also unclear what the duration and severity of COVID-19 will be, and whether this will impact LIBOR transition planning. COVID-19 may also slow regulators’ and others’ efforts to develop and implement alternative reference rates, which could make LIBOR transition planning more difficult, particularly if the cessation of LIBOR is not delayed but an alternative reference rate does not emerge as industry standard. In anticipation of the cessation of LIBOR, we may need to renegotiate our credit facilities and any credit agreements extending beyond 2021 with our prospective portfolio companies that utilize LIBOR as a factor in determining the interest rate or rely on certain fallback provision that cause the interest rate to shift to the base rate plus a margin. Any such renegotiations may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations, including as a result of changes in interest rates payable to us by our portfolio companies or payable by us under our credit facilities.
A general increase in interest rates will likely have the effect of increasing our net investment income, which would make it easier for our Adviser to receive incentive fees.
Any general increase in interest rates would likely have the effect of increasing the interest rate that we receive on many of our debt investments. Accordingly, a general increase in interest rates may make it easier for our Adviser to meet the quarterly hurdle rate for payment of income incentive fees under the Investment Advisory Agreement and may result in a substantial increase in the amount of the income-based incentive fee payable to our Adviser.
A significant portion of our investment portfolio is and will continue to be recorded at fair value as determined in good faith by our Board of Directors and, as a result, there is and will continue to be uncertainty as to the value of our portfolio investments.
Under the Investment Company Act, we are required to carry our portfolio investments at market value or, if there is no readily available market value, at fair value as determined in good faith by our Board of Directors. Typically, there is not a public market for the securities of the privately held companies in which we have invested and will generally continue to invest. As a result, we value these securities quarterly at fair value as determined in good faith by our Board of Directors. The fair value of such securities may change, potentially materially, between the date of the fair value determination by our Board of Directors and the release of the financial results for the corresponding period or the next date at which fair value is determined.
Certain factors that may be considered in determining the fair value of our investments include the nature and realizable value of any collateral, the portfolio company’s earnings and its ability to make payments on its indebtedness, the markets in which the portfolio company does business, comparison to comparable publicly-traded companies, discounted cash flow and other relevant factors. Because such valuations, and particularly valuations of private securities and private companies, are inherently uncertain, may fluctuate over short periods of time and may be based on estimates, our determinations of fair value may differ materially from the values that would have been used if a ready market for these securities existed. In addition, any investments that include OID or PIK interest may have unreliable valuations because their continuing accruals require ongoing judgments about the collectability of their deferred payments and the value of their underlying collateral. Due to these uncertainties, our fair value determinations may cause our net asset value on a given date to materially understate or overstate the value that we may ultimately realize upon the sale of one or more of our investments. As a result, investors purchasing our common stock based on an overstated net asset value would pay a higher price than the realizable value of our investments might warrant.
In addition, the participation of the Investment Professionals in the valuation process, and the indirect pecuniary interest of John B. Frank, an interested member of our Board of Directors, in the Adviser could result in a conflict of interest as the management fee payable to our Adviser is based on our gross assets and the incentive fees earned by the Adviser will be based, in part, on unrealized gains and losses.
Our ability to achieve our investment objective depends on our Adviser’s ability to support our investment process; if our Adviser were to lose key personnel or they were to resign, our ability to achieve our investment objective could be significantly harmed.
We depend on the investment expertise, skill and network of business contacts of the senior personnel of our Adviser. Our Adviser evaluates, negotiates, structures, executes, monitors and services our investments. Key personnel of our Adviser have departed in the past and current key personnel could depart at any time. Our Adviser’s capabilities in structuring the
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investment process, providing competent, attentive and efficient services to us, and facilitating access to financing on acceptable terms depend on the employment of investment professionals in adequate number and of adequate sophistication to match the corresponding flow of transactions. The departure of key personnel or of a significant number of the investment professionals or partners of our Adviser could have a material adverse effect on our ability to achieve our investment objective. Our Adviser may need to hire, train, supervise and manage new investment professionals to participate in our investment selection and monitoring process and may not be able to find investment professionals in a timely manner or at all.
In addition, our Adviser may resign on 60 days’ notice. If we are unable to quickly find a new investment adviser or hire internal management with similar expertise and ability to provide the same or equivalent services on acceptable terms, our operations are likely to experience a disruption and our ability to achieve our investment objective and pay distributions would likely be materially and adversely affected.
Our business model depends to a significant extent upon strong referral relationships, and the inability of the personnel associated with our Adviser to maintain or develop these relationships, or the failure of these relationships to generate investment opportunities, could adversely affect our business.
We expect that personnel associated with our Adviser will maintain and develop their relationships with intermediaries, banks and other sources, and we will rely to a significant extent upon these relationships to provide us with potential investment opportunities. If these individuals fail to maintain their existing relationships or develop new relationships with other sources of investment opportunities, we may not be able to grow or maintain our investment portfolio. In addition, individuals with whom the personnel associated with our Adviser have relationships are not obligated to provide us with investment opportunities, and, therefore, there is no assurance that such relationships will generate investment opportunities for us. The failure of the personnel associated with our Adviser to maintain existing relationships, grow new relationships, or for those relationships to generate investment opportunities could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We may face increasing competition for investment opportunities, which could reduce returns and result in losses.
We compete for investments with other Business Development Companies, public and private funds (including hedge funds, mezzanine funds and CLOs) and private equity funds (to the extent they provide an alternative form of financing), as well as traditional financial services companies such as commercial and investment banks, commercial financing companies and other sources of financing. Many of our competitors are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial, technical and marketing resources than we do. For example, some competitors may have a lower cost of capital and access to funding sources that are not available to us. In addition, some of our competitors may have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments than we have. These characteristics could allow our competitors to consider a wider variety of investments, establish more relationships and offer better pricing and more flexible structuring than we are able to do. We may lose investment opportunities if we do not match our competitors’ pricing, terms and structure. If we are forced to match our competitors’ pricing, terms and structure, we may not be able to achieve acceptable returns on our investments or may bear substantial risk of capital loss. A significant increase in the number and/or the size of our competitors in this target market could force us to accept less attractive investment terms. Furthermore, many of our competitors are not subject to, the regulatory restrictions that the Investment Company Act imposes on us as a Business Development Company.
The incentive fee we pay to our Adviser relating to capital gains may be effectively greater than 17.5%.
The Adviser may be entitled to receive an incentive fee based on our capital gains, calculated on a cumulative basis from the beginning of the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019 through the end of each fiscal year. As a result of the operation of the cumulative method of calculating such capital gains portion of the incentive fee, the cumulative aggregate capital gains fee received by our Adviser could be effectively greater than 17.5%, depending on the timing and extent of subsequent net realized capital losses or net unrealized depreciation. This result would occur to the extent that, following receipt by the Adviser of a capital gain incentive fee, we subsequently realized capital depreciation and capital losses in excess of cumulative realized capital gains. We cannot predict whether, or to what extent, this payment calculation would affect your investment in our securities.
Our ability to enter into transactions with our affiliates is restricted.
We are prohibited under the Investment Company Act from participating in certain transactions with certain of our affiliates without the prior approval of our independent directors and, in some cases, the SEC. Any person that owns, directly or indirectly, 5% or more of our outstanding voting securities is our affiliate for purposes of the Investment Company Act, and we are generally prohibited from buying or selling any securities (other than our securities) from or to such affiliate, absent the prior approval of our independent directors. The Investment Company Act also prohibits certain “joint” transactions with certain of our affiliates, which could include investments in the same portfolio company (whether at the same or different times), without prior approval of our independent directors and, in some cases, the SEC. If a person acquires more than 25% of our voting securities, we will be prohibited from buying or selling any security (other than any security of which we are the
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issuer) from or to such person or certain of that person’s affiliates, or entering into prohibited joint transactions with such person, absent the prior approval of the SEC. Similar restrictions limit our ability to transact business with our officers or directors or their affiliates. As a result of these restrictions, except in situations described below, we may be prohibited from buying or selling any security (other than any security of which we are the issuer) from or to any portfolio company of a private equity fund managed by our Adviser without the prior approval of the SEC, which may limit the scope of investment opportunities that would otherwise be available to us.
We may also invest alongside funds managed by our Adviser and its affiliates in certain circumstances where doing so is consistent with applicable law and SEC staff interpretations. For example, we may invest alongside such accounts consistent with guidance promulgated by the staff of the SEC permitting us and such other accounts to purchase interests in a single class of privately placed securities so long as certain conditions are met, including that our Adviser, acting on our behalf and on behalf of other clients, negotiates no term other than price.
A failure on our part to maintain our qualification as a Business Development Company would significantly reduce our operating flexibility.
If we fail to continuously qualify as a Business Development Company, we might be subject to regulation as a registered closed-end investment company under the Investment Company Act, which would significantly decrease our operating flexibility. In addition, failure to comply with the requirements imposed on Business Development Companies by the Investment Company Act could cause the SEC to bring an enforcement action against us.
Regulations governing our operation as a Business Development Company and RIC affect our ability to raise, and the way in which we raise, additional capital or borrow for investment purposes, which may have a negative effect on our growth.
In order to qualify for the tax benefits available to RICs and to minimize corporate-level U.S. federal income taxes, we intend to distribute to our stockholders at least 90% of our taxable income each taxable year, except that we may retain certain net capital gains for investment, and treat such amounts as deemed distributions to our stockholders. If we elect to treat any amounts as deemed distributions, we would be subject to income taxes at the corporate rate on such deemed distributions on behalf of our stockholders.
As a Business Development Company, we are required to invest at least 70% of our total assets primarily in securities of U.S. private or thinly-traded public companies, cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities and other high-quality debt instruments that mature in one year or less from the date of investment.
As a Business Development Company, we may issue “senior securities,” including borrowing money from banks or other financial institutions only in amounts such that our asset coverage, as defined in the Investment Company Act, equals at least 150% after such incurrence or issuance. These requirements limit the amount that we may borrow, may unfavorably limit our investment opportunities and may reduce our ability in comparison to other companies to profit from favorable spreads between the rates at which we can borrow and the rates at which we can lend. If the value of our assets declines, we may be unable to satisfy the asset coverage test, which could prohibit us from paying distributions and could prevent us from being subject to tax as a RIC. If we cannot satisfy the asset coverage test, we may be required to sell a portion of our investments and, depending on the nature of our debt financing, repay a portion of our indebtedness at a time when such sales may be disadvantageous.
Because we will continue to need capital to grow our investment portfolio, these limitations may prevent us from incurring debt and require us to raise additional equity at a time when it may be disadvantageous to do so. As a result of these requirements we need to periodically access the capital markets to raise cash to fund new investments at a more frequent pace than our privately owned competitors. We generally are not able to issue or sell our common stock at a price below net asset value per share, which may be a disadvantage as compared with other public companies or private investment funds. When our common stock trades at a discount to net asset value, this restriction could adversely affect our ability to raise capital. We may, however, sell our common stock, or warrants, options or rights to acquire our common stock, at a price below the current net asset value of the common stock if our Board of Directors and independent directors determine that such sale is in our best interests and the best interests of our stockholders, and our stockholders as well as those stockholders that are not affiliated with us approve such sale in accordance with the requirements of the Investment Company Act. In any such case, the price at which our securities are to be issued and sold may not be less than a price that, in the determination of our Board of Directors, closely approximates the market value of such securities (less any underwriting commission or discount). We cannot assure you that equity financing will be available to us on favorable terms, or at all.  If additional funds are not available to us, we could be forced to curtail or cease new investment activities. 
We also may make rights offerings to our stockholders at prices less than net asset value, subject to applicable requirements of the Investment Company Act. If we raise additional funds by issuing more shares of our common stock or issuing senior securities convertible into, or exchangeable for, our common stock, the percentage ownership of our stockholders
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may decline at that time and such stockholders may experience dilution. Moreover, we can offer no assurance that we will be able to issue and sell additional equity securities in the future, on terms favorable to us or at all.
In addition, we may in the future seek to securitize our portfolio securities to generate cash for funding new investments. To securitize loans, we would likely create a wholly-owned subsidiary and contribute a pool of loans to the subsidiary. We would then sell interests in the subsidiary on a non-recourse basis to purchasers and we would retain all or a portion of the equity in the subsidiary. An inability to successfully securitize our loan portfolio could limit our ability to grow our business or fully execute our business strategy and may decrease our earnings, if any. The securitization market is subject to changing market conditions and we may not be able to access this market when we would otherwise deem appropriate. Moreover, the successful securitization of our portfolio might expose us to losses as the residual investments in which we do not sell interests will tend to be those that are riskier and more apt to generate losses. The Investment Company Act also may impose restrictions on the structure of any securitization.
Our Board of Directors may change our investment objective, operating policies and strategies without prior notice or stockholder approval, the effects of which may be adverse.
Our Board of Directors has the authority to modify or waive our current investment objective, operating policies and strategies without prior notice and without stockholder approval. We cannot predict the effect any changes to our current investment objective, operating policies and strategies would have on our business, net asset value, operating results and value of our stock. However, the effects might be adverse, which could negatively impact our ability to pay you distributions and cause you to lose part or all of your investment.
Changes in laws or regulations governing our operations may adversely affect our business or cause us to alter our business strategy.
We and our portfolio companies are subject to regulation at the local, state and federal level. New legislation may be enacted or new interpretations, rulings or regulations could be adopted, including those governing the types of investments we are permitted to make or that impose limits on our ability to pledge a significant amount of our assets to secure loans or that restrict the operations of a portfolio company, any of which could harm us and our stockholders and the value of our investments, potentially with retroactive effect. For example, certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act, which influences many aspects of the financial services industry, have been amended or repealed and the Code has been substantially amended and reformed. Any amendment or repeal of legislation, or changes in regulations or regulatory interpretations thereof, could create uncertainty in the near term, which could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Additionally, any changes to the laws and regulations governing our operations relating to permitted investments may cause us to alter our investment strategy in order to avail ourselves of new or different opportunities. Such changes could result in material differences to the strategies and plans set forth herein and may result in our investment focus shifting from the areas of expertise of our Adviser to other types of investments in which our Adviser may have less expertise or little or no experience. Thus, any such changes, if they occur, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and the value of your investment.
We are subject to risks associated with communications and information systems. 
We depend on the communications and information systems of our Adviser and its affiliates as well as certain third-party service providers. As these systems became more important to our business, the risks posed to these communications and information systems have continued to increase.  Any failure or interruption in these systems could cause disruptions in our activities, including because we do not maintain any such systems of our own.  In addition, these systems are subject to potential attacks, including through adverse events that threaten the confidentiality, integrity or availability of our information resources. These attacks, which may include cyber incidents, may involve a third party gaining unauthorized access to our communications or information systems for purposes of misappropriating assets, stealing confidential information related to our operations or portfolio companies, corrupting data or causing operational disruption.  Any such attack could result in disruption to our business, misstated or unreliable financial data, liability for stolen assets or information, increased cybersecurity protection and insurance costs, litigation and damage to our business relationships, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
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We may be unable to invest a significant portion of the net proceeds from an offering of our securities on acceptable terms within an attractive timeframe.
Delays in investing the net proceeds raised in an offering of our securities may cause our performance to be worse than that of fully invested Business Development Companies or other lenders or investors pursuing comparable investment strategies. We cannot assure you that we will be able to identify any investments that meet our investment objective or that any investment that we make will produce a positive return. We may be unable to invest the net proceeds of any offering on acceptable terms within the time period that we anticipate or at all, which could harm our financial condition and operating results.
We anticipate that, depending on market conditions, it may take us a substantial period of time to invest substantially all of the net proceeds of any offering in securities meeting our investment objective. During this period, we may use the net proceeds to pay down outstanding debt or we may invest the net proceeds of an offering primarily in cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities, repurchase agreements and high-quality debt instruments maturing in one year or less from the time of investment, which may produce returns that are significantly lower than the returns which we expect to achieve when our portfolio is fully invested in securities meeting our investment objective. As a result, any distributions that we pay during this period may be substantially lower than the distributions that we may be able to pay when our portfolio is fully invested in securities meeting our investment objective. In addition, until such time as the net proceeds of an offering are invested in securities meeting our investment objective, the market price for our common stock may decline. Thus, the return on your investment may be lower than when, if ever, our portfolio is fully invested in securities meeting our investment objective.
We may allocate the net proceeds from an offering in ways with which you may not agree.
We have significant flexibility in investing the net proceeds of an offering, and may do so in a way with which you may not agree. Additionally, our Adviser will select our investments subsequent to the closing of an offering, and our stockholders will have no input with respect to such investment decisions. Further, other than general limitations that may be included in a future credit facility, the holders of our debt securities will generally not have veto power or a vote in approving any changes to our investment or operational policies. These factors increase the uncertainty, and thus the risk, of investing in our securities. In addition, pending such investments, we will invest the net proceeds from an offering primarily in high quality, short-term debt securities, consistent with our Business Development Company election and our election to be taxed as a RIC, at yields significantly below the returns which we expect to achieve when our portfolio is fully invested in securities meeting our investment objective. If we are not able to identify or gain access to suitable investments, our income may be limited.
Risks Relating to Conflicts of Interest
Our base management fee may induce our Adviser to incur leverage.
Our base management fee is payable based upon our gross assets, which includes borrowings for investment purposes, which may encourage our Adviser to use leverage to make additional investments. Given the subjective nature of the investment decisions made by our Adviser on our behalf and the discretion related to incurring leverage in connection with any such investments, we will be unable to monitor this potential conflict of interest between us and our Adviser.
Our incentive fee may induce our Adviser to make speculative investments.
The incentive fee payable by us to our Adviser may create an incentive for it to make investments on our behalf that are risky or more speculative than would be the case in the absence of such compensation arrangement, which could result in higher investment losses, particularly during cyclical economic downturns. The incentive fee payable to our Adviser includes a component based on a percentage of our net investment income (subject to a hurdle rate), which may encourage our Adviser to use leverage to increase the return on our investments or otherwise manipulate our income so as to recognize income in quarters where the hurdle rate is exceeded and may result in an obligation for us to pay an incentive fee to the Adviser even if we have incurred a loss for an applicable period.
The incentive fee payable by us to our Adviser also may create an incentive for our Adviser to invest on our behalf in instruments that have a deferred interest feature. Under these investments, we would accrue the interest over the life of the investment but would not receive the cash income from the investment until the end of the investment’s term, if at all. Our net investment income used to calculate the income portion of our incentive fee, however, includes accrued interest. Thus, a portion of the incentive fee would be based on income that we have not yet received in cash and may never receive in cash if the portfolio company is unable to satisfy such interest payment obligation to us. While we may make incentive fee payments on income accruals that we may not collect in the future and with respect to which we do not have a formal “clawback” right against our Adviser, the amount of accrued income written off in any period will reduce the income in the period in which such write-off was taken and thereby reduce such period’s incentive fee payment.
In addition, our Adviser may be entitled to receive an incentive fee based upon net capital gains realized on our investments. Unlike the portion of the incentive fee based on income, there is no performance threshold applicable to the
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portion of the incentive fee based on net capital gains. As a result, our Adviser may have a tendency to invest more in investments that are likely to result in capital gains as compared to income producing securities. Such a practice could result in our investing in more speculative securities than would otherwise be the case, which could result in higher investment losses, particularly during economic downturns.
Given the subjective nature of the investment decisions made by our Adviser on our behalf, we will be unable to monitor these potential conflicts of interest between us and our Adviser.
There are significant potential conflicts of interest that could adversely impact our investment returns.
Our executive officers and directors, and certain members of our Adviser, serve or may serve as officers, directors or principals of entities that operate in the same or a related line of business as we do or of investment funds managed by our affiliates. For example, Oaktree presently serves as the investment adviser to OCSL, a publicly-traded Business Development Company, and OSI II, a private Business Development Company. All of our executive officers serve in substantially similar capacities for OCSL and OSI II, all of our independent directors serve as independent directors of OCSL, and one of our independent directors serves as an independent director of OSI II. OCSL has historically invested in debt and equity of small and mid-sized companies, primarily in connection with investments by private equity sponsors, including in middle-market companies similar to those we target for investment. OSI II also makes similar investments. In addition, though not the primary focus of its investment portfolio, OCSL’s investments also include floating rate senior loans. Oaktree and its affiliates also manage and sub-advise private investment funds and accounts, and may manage other such funds and accounts in the future, which have investment mandates that are similar, in whole and in part, with ours. Therefore, there may be certain investment opportunities that satisfy the investment criteria for OCSL, OSI II and us as well as private investment funds and accounts advised or sub-advised by Oaktree or its affiliates. In addition, Oaktree and its affiliates may have obligations to investors in other entities that they advise or sub-advise, the fulfillment of which might not be in the best interests of us or our stockholders. An investment in us is not an investment in any of these other entities.
For example, the personnel of our Adviser may face conflicts of interest in the allocation of investment opportunities to us and such other funds and accounts. Moreover, the Adviser and the Investment Professionals are engaged in other business activities which divert their time and attention. The Investment Professionals will devote as much time to us as such professionals deem appropriate to perform their duties in accordance with the Investment Advisory Agreement. However, such persons may be committed to providing investment advisory and other services for other clients, and engage in other business ventures in which we have no interest. As a result of these separate business activities, the Adviser may have conflicts of interest in allocating management time, services and functions among us, other advisory clients and other business ventures.
Oaktree has investment allocation guidelines that govern the allocation of investment opportunities among the investment funds and accounts managed or sub-advised by Oaktree and its affiliates. To the extent an investment opportunity is appropriate for us or OCSL or any other investment fund or account managed or sub-advised by Oaktree or its affiliates, Oaktree will adhere to its investment allocation guidelines in order to determine a fair and equitable allocation.
In addition, on October 18, 2017, affiliates of our Adviser received exemptive relief from the SEC to allow certain managed funds and accounts, each of whose investment adviser is OCM or an investment adviser controlling, controlled by or under common control with OCM, such as our Adviser, to participate in negotiated co-investment transactions where doing so is consistent with the applicable registered fund’s or Business Development Company’s investment objective and strategies as well as regulatory requirements and other pertinent factors, and pursuant to the conditions of the exemptive relief. Each potential co-investment opportunity that falls under the terms of the exemptive relief and is appropriate for us and any affiliated fund or account, and satisfies the then-current board-established criteria, will be offered to us and such other eligible funds and accounts. If there is a sufficient amount of securities to satisfy all participants, the securities will be allocated among the participants in accordance with their proposed order size and if there is an insufficient amount of securities to satisfy all participants, the securities will be allocated pro rata based on the investment proposed by the applicable investment adviser to such participant, up to the amount proposed to be invested by each, which is reviewed and approved by an independent committee of legal, compliance and accounting professionals at our Adviser. We, with our Adviser and certain other affiliates, have submitted an application to the SEC for exemptive relief that would modify the terms of our existing exemptive relief to allow proprietary accounts to participate in co-investment transactions subject to certain conditions. We may also invest alongside funds managed by our Adviser and its affiliates in certain circumstances where doing so is consistent with applicable law and SEC staff interpretations. For example, we may invest alongside such accounts consistent with guidance promulgated by the staff of the SEC permitting us and such other accounts to purchase interests in a single class of privately placed securities so long as certain conditions are met, including that our Adviser, acting on our behalf and on behalf of other clients, negotiates no term other than price or terms related to price.
Although Oaktree will endeavor to allocate investment opportunities in a fair and equitable manner, we and our common stockholders could be adversely affected to the extent investment opportunities are allocated among us and other investment vehicles managed or sponsored by, or affiliated with, our executive officers, directors and members of our Adviser. We might
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not participate in each individual opportunity, but will, on an overall basis, be entitled to participate equitably with other entities managed by Oaktree and its affiliates. Oaktree seeks to treat all clients fairly and equitably such that none receive preferential treatment vis-à-vis the others over time, in a manner consistent with its fiduciary duty to each of them; however, in some instances, especially in instances of limited liquidity, the factors may not result in pro rata allocations or may result in situations where certain funds or accounts receive allocations where others do not.
Pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement, our Adviser’s liability is limited and we are required to indemnify our Adviser against certain liabilities. This may lead our Adviser to act in a riskier manner in performing its duties and obligations under the Investment Advisory Agreement than it would if it were acting for its own account, and creates a potential conflict of interest.
Pursuant to the Administration Agreement, Oaktree Administrator furnishes us with the facilities, including our principal executive office, and administrative services necessary to conduct our day-to-day operations. We pay Oaktree Administrator its allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by Oaktree Administrator in performing its obligations under the Administration Agreement, including, without limitation, a portion of the rent at market rates and the compensation of our Chief Financial Officer, Chief Compliance Officer, their respective staffs and other non-investment professionals at Oaktree that perform duties for us. This arrangement creates conflicts of interest that our Board of Directors must monitor.
Risks Relating to Our Use of Leverage and Our Credit Facilities
Because we borrow money, the potential for loss on amounts invested in us will be magnified and may increase the risk of investing in us.
Borrowings, also known as leverage, magnify the potential for loss on invested equity capital. We expect to continue to use leverage to partially finance our investments, through borrowings from banks and other lenders, which will increase the risks of investing in our common stock, including the likelihood of default. We borrow under our revolving credit facility with the lenders referred to therein, Citibank, N.A., as administrative agent, and Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., as collateral agent and custodian, or the Citibank Facility, and our wholly-owned subsidiary’s revolving credit facility with us as equityholder and as servicer, the lenders from time to time parties thereto, Deutsche Bank AG, New York Branch, as facility agent, the other agents parties thereto and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as collateral agent and as collateral custodian, or the Deutsche Bank Facility, and may issue other debt securities or enter into other types of borrowing arrangements in the future. If the value of our assets decreases, leveraging would cause net asset value to decline more sharply than it otherwise would have had we not leveraged. Similarly, any decrease in our income would cause net income to decline more sharply than it would have had we not borrowed. To the extent we incur additional leverage, these effects would be further magnified, increasing the risk of investing in us. Such a decline could negatively affect our ability to make common stock distributions or scheduled debt payments. Leverage is generally considered a speculative investment technique and we only intend to use leverage if expected returns will exceed the cost of borrowing.
As of September 30, 2020, we had $119.1 million of outstanding indebtedness under the Citibank Facility, $137.6 million outstanding indebtedness under the Deutsche Bank Facility and $10.9 million of secured borrowings. These debt instruments require periodic payments of interest. The weighted average interest rate charged on our borrowings as of September 30, 2020 was 2.6% (exclusive of deferred financing costs). We will need to generate sufficient cash flow to make these required interest payments. In order for us to cover our annual interest payments on indebtedness, we must achieve annual returns on our September 30, 2020 total assets of at least 1.31%. If we are unable to meet the financial obligations under our credit facilities, the lenders under the credit facilities will have a superior claim to our assets over our stockholders.
Historically, as a Business Development Company, under the Investment Company Act we generally were not permitted to incur indebtedness unless immediately after such borrowing we had an asset coverage for total borrowings of at least 200% (i.e., the amount of debt may not exceed 50% of the value of our assets). However, on March 23, 3018, the Small Business Credit Availability Act, or the SBCAA, was enacted into law. The SBCAA, among other things, amended Section 61(a) of the Investment Company Act to add a new Section 61(a)(2) that reduces the asset coverage requirement applicable to Business Development Companies from 200% to 150% (i.e., the amount of debt may not exceed 66.67% of the value of the Business Development Company’s assets) so long as the Business Development Company meets certain disclosure requirements and obtains certain approvals. At a special meeting of our stockholders held on July 10, 2018, our stockholders approved the application of the reduced asset coverage requirements in Section 61(a)(2) of the Investment Company Act to us, effective as of July 11, 2018. If we incur additional leverage in accordance with the reduced asset coverage requirements, our net asset value will decline more sharply if the value of our assets declines than if we had not incurred such additional leverage and the effects of leverage described above will be magnified.

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Illustration. The following table illustrates the effect of leverage on returns from an investment in our common stock assuming various annual returns, net of expenses. The calculations in the table below are hypothetical and actual returns may be higher or lower than those appearing below.
Assumed Return on Portfolio (Net of Expenses)- 10%- 5%0%5%10%
Corresponding net return to common stockholder-22.65%-12.63%-2.61%7.40%17.42%
For purposes of this table, we have assumed $534.3 million in total assets (less all liabilities and indebtedness not represented by senior securities), $267.6 million in debt outstanding, $266.7 million in net assets as of September 30, 2020, and a weighted average interest rate of 2.6% as of September 30, 2020 (exclusive of deferred financing costs). Actual interest payments may be different.
We are subject to certain risks associated with our credit facilities.
As of September 30, 2020, substantially all of our assets were pledged as collateral under our credit facilities and may be pledged as collateral under future credit facilities. If we default on our obligations under these facilities, the lenders may have the right to foreclose upon and sell, or otherwise transfer, the collateral subject to their security interests or their superior claim. In such event, we may be forced to sell our investments to raise funds to repay our outstanding borrowings in order to avoid foreclosure and these forced sales may be at times and at prices we would not consider advantageous. Moreover, such deleveraging of our company could significantly impair our ability to effectively operate our business in the manner in which we have historically operated. As a result, we could be forced to curtail or cease new investment activities and lower or eliminate the distributions that we have historically paid to our stockholders.
We own 100% of the equity interests in OCSI Senior Funding Ltd. and OCSI Senior Funding II LLC, the borrowers under the Deutsche Bank Facility and the Citibank Facility, respectively. We consolidate the financial statements of OCSI Senior Funding Ltd. and OCSI Senior Funding II LLC in our consolidated financial statements and treat the indebtedness of these entities as our leverage. Our interests in OCSI Senior Funding Ltd. and OCSI Senior Funding II LLC are subordinated in priority of payment to every other obligation of OCSI Senior Funding Ltd. and OCSI Senior Funding II LLC and are subject to certain payment restrictions set forth in the Deutsche Bank Facility and the Citibank Facility, respectively.
We receive cash distributions on our equity interests in these entities only if they have made all required cash interest payments to the lenders and no default exists. We cannot assure you that distributions on the assets held by OCSI Senior Funding Ltd. and OCSI Senior Funding II LLC will be sufficient to make any distributions to us or that such distributions will meet our expectations. We receive cash from OCSI Senior Funding Ltd. and OCSI Senior Funding II LLC only to the extent that we receive distributions on our equity interests in such entities. These entities may make distributions on their equity interests only to the extent permitted by the payment priority provisions of the Citibank Facility and the Deutsche Bank Facility, as applicable, which generally provide that payments on such interests may not be made on any payment date unless all amounts owing to the lenders and other secured parties are paid in full.
In addition, if the lenders exercise their right to sell the assets pledged under our credit facilities or future credit facilities, such sales may be completed at distressed sale prices, thereby diminishing or potentially eliminating the amount of cash available to us after repayment of the amounts outstanding under the credit facilities.
We may enter into reverse repurchase agreements, which are another form of leverage.
We may enter into reverse repurchase agreements as part of our management of our temporary investment portfolio. Our entry into any such reverse repurchase agreements would be subject to the Investment Company Act limitations on leverage. In connection with entry into a reverse repurchase agreement, we would effectively pledge our assets as collateral to secure a short-term loan. Generally, the other party to the agreement would make a loan to us in an amount equal to a percentage of the fair value of the collateral we have pledged. At the maturity of the reverse repurchase agreement, we will be required to repay the loan and then receive back our collateral. While used as collateral, the assets continue to pay principal and interest which are for the benefit of us.
Our use of reverse repurchase agreements, if any, involves many of the same risks involved in our use of leverage. For example, the market value of the securities acquired in the reverse repurchase agreement may decline below the price of the securities that we have sold but we would remain obligated to purchase those securities, meaning that we bear the risk of loss that the proceeds at settlement are less than the fair value of the securities pledged. In addition, the market value of the securities retained by us may decline. If a buyer of securities under a reverse repurchase agreement were to file for bankruptcy or experience insolvency, we would be adversely affected. In addition, due to the interest costs associated with reverse repurchase agreements, our net asset value would decline, and, in some cases, we may be worse off than if we had not used such agreements.

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Risks Related to Distributions
Because we intend to distribute at least 90% of our taxable income each taxable year to our stockholders in connection with our election to be treated as a RIC, we will continue to need additional capital to finance our growth.
In order to qualify for the tax benefits available to RICs and to minimize corporate-level U.S. federal income taxes, we intend to distribute to our stockholders at least 90% of our taxable income each taxable year, except that we may retain certain net capital gains for investment, and treat such amounts as deemed distributions to our stockholders. If we elect to treat any amounts as deemed distributions, we would be subject to income taxes at the corporate rate applicable to net capital gains on such deemed distributions on behalf of our stockholders. As a result of these requirements, we will likely need to raise capital from other sources to grow our business. Because we will continue to need capital to grow our investment portfolio, these limitations together with the asset coverage requirements applicable to us may prevent us from incurring debt and require us to raise additional equity at a time when it may be disadvantageous to do so.
We may not be able to pay you distributions, our distributions may not grow over time and a portion of our distributions may be a return of capital.
We intend to pay distributions to our stockholders out of assets legally available for distribution. We cannot assure you that we will achieve investment results that will allow us to sustain a specified level of cash distributions or periodic increases in cash distributions. In addition, the inability to satisfy the asset coverage test applicable to us as a Business Development Company can limit our ability to pay distributions. All distributions will be paid at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on our earnings, our financial condition, maintenance of our ability to be subject to tax as a RIC, compliance with applicable Business Development Company regulations and such other factors as our Board of Directors may deem relevant from time to time. We cannot assure you that we will continue to pay distributions to our stockholders at current levels, or at all.
When we make distributions, our distributions generally will be treated as dividends for U.S. federal income tax purposes to the extent such distributions are paid out of our current or accumulated earnings and profits. Distributions in excess of current and accumulated earnings and profits will be treated as a non-taxable return of capital to the extent of a stockholder's basis in our stock and, assuming that a stockholder holds our stock as a capital asset, thereafter as a capital gain. A return of capital generally is a return of a stockholder’s investment rather than a return of earnings or gains derived from our investment activities. Moreover, we may pay all or a substantial portion of our distributions from the proceeds of the sale of shares of our common stock or from borrowings in anticipation of future cash flow, which could constitute a return of stockholders’ capital and will lower such stockholders’ tax basis in our shares, which may result in increased tax liability to stockholders when they sell or otherwise dispose of such shares. The tax liability incurred by such stockholders upon the sale or other disposition of shares of our common stock may increase even if such shares are sold at a loss.
We will be subject to corporate-level U.S. federal income tax if we are unable to maintain our qualification as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code or do not satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement.
To maintain our tax status as a RIC and be relieved of U.S. federal taxes on income and gains distributed to our stockholders, we must meet the following annual distribution, income source and asset diversification requirements:
The Annual Distribution Requirement will be satisfied if we distribute dividends to our stockholders each taxable year of an amount generally at least equal to 90% of the sum of our net taxable income plus realized net short-term capital gains in excess of realized net long-term capital losses, if any. Because we use debt financing, we are and may, in the future, be subject to certain financial covenants under our debt arrangements that could, under certain circumstances, restrict us from making distributions necessary to satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement. If we are unable to obtain cash from other sources, we could fail to qualify for RIC tax treatment and thus could become subject to corporate-level income tax.
The 90% Gross Income Test will be satisfied if we earn at least 90% of our gross income for each taxable year from dividends, interest, gains from the sale of stock or securities or similar sources.
The Diversification Tests will be satisfied if, at the end of each quarter of our taxable year, at least 50% of the value of our assets consist of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities, securities of other RICs, and other acceptable securities; and no more than 25% of the value of our assets can be invested in the securities, other than U.S. government securities or securities of other RICs, of one issuer, of two or more issuers that are controlled, as determined under applicable Code rules, by us and that are engaged in the same or similar or related trades or businesses or of certain “qualified publicly traded partnerships.” Failure to meet these requirements may result in our having to dispose of certain investments quickly in order to prevent the loss of RIC status. Because most of our investments will be in private companies, and therefore will be relatively illiquid, any such dispositions could be made at disadvantageous prices and could cause us to incur substantial losses.
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If we fail to be subject to tax as a RIC and are subject to entity-level U.S. federal corporate income tax, the resulting corporate taxes could substantially reduce our net assets, the amount of income available for distribution and the amount of our distributions.
We may have difficulty paying our required distributions if we are required to recognize income for U.S. federal income tax purposes before or without receiving cash representing such income.
For U.S. federal income tax purposes, we generally are required to include in income certain amounts that we have not yet received in cash, such as OID or certain income accruals on contingent payment debt instruments, which may occur if we receive warrants in connection with the origination of a loan or possibly in other circumstances. Such OID is generally required to be included in income before we receive any corresponding cash payments. In addition, our loans typically contain PIK interest provisions. Any PIK interest, computed at the contractual rate specified in each loan agreement, is generally required to be added to the principal balance of the loan and recorded as interest income. We also may be required to include in income certain other amounts that we do not receive, and may never receive, in cash. To avoid the imposition of corporate-level tax on us, this non-cash source of income may need to be distributed to our stockholders in cash or, in the event that we determine to do so, in shares of our common stock, even though we may have not yet collected and may never collect the cash relating to such income.
Since, in certain cases, we may recognize income before or without receiving cash representing such income, we may have difficulty meeting the Annual Distribution Requirement necessary to be relieved of entity-level U.S. federal taxes on income and gains distributed to our stockholders. Accordingly, we may have to sell or otherwise dispose of some of our investments at times and/or at prices we would not consider advantageous, raise additional debt or equity capital or forgo new investment opportunities for this purpose. If we are not able to obtain cash from other sources, we may fail to satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement and thus become subject to corporate-level U.S. federal income tax.
We may in the future choose to pay distributions partly in our own stock, in which case you may be subject to tax in excess of the cash you receive.
We may distribute taxable distributions that are payable in part in our stock. In accordance with certain applicable Treasury regulations and other related administrative pronouncements issued by the Internal Revenue Service, or the IRS, a RIC may be eligible to treat a distribution of its own stock as fulfilling its RIC distribution requirements if each stockholder is permitted to elect to receive his or her entire distribution in either cash or stock of the RIC, subject to the satisfaction of certain guidelines. If too many stockholders elect to receive cash (which generally may not be less than 20% of the value of the overall distribution, or 10% for distributions declared on or after April 1, 2020 and on or before December 31, 2020), each stockholder electing to receive cash must receive a pro rata amount of cash (with the balance of the distribution paid in stock). If these and certain other requirements are met, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the amount of the distribution paid in stock generally will be equal to the amount of cash that could have been received instead of stock. Taxable stockholders receiving such distributions will be required to include the full amount of the distribution as ordinary income (or as long-term capital gain to the extent such distribution is properly reported as a capital gain dividend) to the extent of their share of our current and accumulated earnings and profits for U.S. federal income tax purposes. As a result, a U.S. stockholder may be subject to tax with respect to such distributions in excess of any cash received. If a U.S. stockholder sells the stock it receives as a distribution in order to pay this tax, the sales proceeds may be less than the amount included in income with respect to the distribution, depending on the market price of our stock at the time of the sale. Furthermore, with respect to non-U.S. stockholders, we may be required to withhold U.S. tax with respect to such distribution, including in respect of all or a portion of such distribution that is payable in stock. In addition, if a significant number of our stockholders determine to sell shares of our stock in order to pay taxes owed on a distribution, such sales may put downward pressure on the trading price of our stock.
Risks Relating to Our Investments
Our investments in portfolio companies may be risky, and we could lose all or parts of our investments.
The companies in which we invest are typically highly leveraged, and, in most cases, our investments in such companies are not rated by any rating agency. If such investments were rated, we believe that they would likely receive a rating from a nationally recognized statistical rating organization of below investment grade (i.e., below BBB- or Baa), which is often referred to as "high yield" and “junk.” Exposure to below investment grade securities involves certain risks, and those securities are viewed as having predominately speculative characteristics with respect to the issuer's capacity to pay interest and repay principal. Investing in small and mid-sized companies involves a number of significant risks.
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Certain of our debt investments consist of debt securities for which issuers are not required to make principal payments until the maturity of such debt securities, which could result in a substantial loss to us if such issuers are unable to refinance or repay their debt at maturity. Increases in interest rates may affect the ability of our portfolio companies to repay debt or pay interest, which may in turn affect the value of our portfolio investments, and our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Among other things, our portfolio companies:
may have limited financial resources, may have limited or negative EBITDA and may be unable to meet their obligations under their debt instruments that we hold, which may be accompanied by a deterioration in the value of any collateral and a reduction in the likelihood of us realizing any guarantees from subsidiaries or affiliates of our portfolio companies that we may have obtained in connection with our investments, as well as a corresponding decrease in the value of the equity components of our investments;
may have shorter operating histories, narrower product lines, smaller market shares and/or significant customer concentrations than larger businesses, which tend to render them more vulnerable to competitors’ actions and market conditions, as well as general economic downturns;
may operate in regulated industries and/or provide services to federal, state or local governments, or operate in industries that provide services to regulated industries or federal, state or local governments, any of which could lead to delayed payments for services or subject the company to changing payment and reimbursement rates or other terms;
may not have collateral sufficient to pay any outstanding interest or principal due to us in the event of a default by these companies;
are more likely to depend on the management talents and efforts of a small group of people; therefore, the death, disability, resignation or termination of one or more of these persons could have a material adverse impact on our portfolio company and, in turn, on us;
may have difficulty accessing the capital markets to fund capital needs, which may limit their ability to grow or repay outstanding indebtedness at maturity;
may not have audited financial statements or be subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and other rules that govern public companies;
generally have less predictable operating results, may from time to time be parties to litigation, may be engaged in rapidly changing businesses with products subject to a substantial risk of obsolescence, and may require substantial additional capital to support their operations, finance expansion or maintain their competitive position; and
generally have less publicly available information about their businesses, operations and financial condition.

These factors may make certain of our portfolio companies more susceptible to the adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and resulting government regulations. As a result of the limitations associated with certain of our portfolio companies, we must therefore rely on the ability of our Adviser to obtain adequate information through due diligence to evaluate the creditworthiness and potential returns from investing in these companies. In addition, certain of our officers and directors may serve as directors on the boards of such companies. To the extent that litigation arises out of our investments in these companies, our officers and directors may be named as defendants in such litigation, which could result in an expenditure of funds (through our indemnification of such officers and directors) and the diversion of management time and resources.

Finally, as noted above, little public information generally exists about privately owned companies, and these companies may not have third-party debt ratings or audited financial statements. We must therefore rely on the ability of our Adviser to obtain adequate information through due diligence to evaluate the creditworthiness and potential returns from investing in these companies. Additionally, these companies and their financial information will not generally be subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and other rules that govern public companies.
We may be exposed to higher risks with respect to our investments that include OID or PIK interest.
Our investments may include OID and contractual PIK interest, which typically represents contractual interest added to a loan balance and due at the end of such loan’s term. To the extent OID or PIK interest constitute a portion of our income, we are exposed to typical risks associated with such income being required to be included in taxable and accounting income prior to receipt of cash, including the following:
OID and PIK instruments may have higher yields, which reflect the payment deferral and credit risk associated with these instruments;
OID and PIK accruals may create uncertainty about the source of our distributions to stockholders;
OID and PIK instruments may have unreliable valuations because their continuing accruals require continuing judgments about the collectability of the deferred payments and the value of the collateral; and
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OID and PIK instruments may represent a higher credit risk than coupon loans.
If we acquire the securities and obligations of distressed or bankrupt companies, such investments may be subject to significant risks, including lack of income, extraordinary expenses, uncertainty with respect to satisfaction of debt, lower-than-expected investment values or income potentials and resale restrictions.
We may acquire the securities and other obligations of distressed or bankrupt companies. At times, distressed debt obligations may not produce income and may require us to bear certain extraordinary expenses (including legal, accounting, valuation and transaction expenses) in order to protect and recover our investment. Therefore, to the extent we invest in distressed debt, our ability to achieve current income for our stockholders may be diminished, particularly where the portfolio company has negative EBITDA.
We also will be subject to significant uncertainty as to when and in what manner and for what value the distressed debt we invest in will eventually be satisfied whether through a liquidation, an exchange offer or plan of reorganization involving the distressed debt securities or a payment of some amount in satisfaction of the obligation. In addition, even if an exchange offer is made or plan of reorganization is adopted with respect to distressed debt held by us, there can be no assurance that the securities or other assets received by us in connection with such exchange offer or plan of reorganization will not have a lower value or income potential than may have been anticipated when the investment was made.
Moreover, any securities received by us upon completion of an exchange offer or plan of reorganization may be restricted as to resale. As a result of our participation in negotiations with respect to any exchange offer or plan of reorganization with respect to an issuer of distressed debt, we may be restricted from disposing of such securities.
Our portfolio companies may prepay loans, which may reduce our yields if capital returned cannot be invested in transactions with equal or greater expected yields.
The loans in our investment portfolio may be prepaid at any time, generally with little advance notice. Whether a loan is prepaid will depend both on the continued positive performance of the portfolio company and the existence of favorable financing market conditions that allow such company the ability to replace existing financing with less expensive capital. As market conditions change, we do not know when, and if, prepayment may be possible for each portfolio company. In some cases, the prepayment of a loan may reduce our achievable yield if the capital returned cannot be invested in transactions with equal or greater expected yields, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The lack of liquidity in our investments may adversely affect our business.
We invest, and will continue to invest, in companies whose securities are not publicly traded, and whose securities are subject to legal and other restrictions on resale or are otherwise less liquid than publicly traded securities. In fact, all of our assets may be invested in illiquid securities. The illiquidity of these investments may make it difficult for us to sell these investments when desired. In addition, if we are required to liquidate all or a portion of our portfolio quickly, we may realize significantly less than the value at which we had previously recorded these investments and suffer losses. Our investments may be subject to contractual or legal restrictions on resale or are otherwise illiquid because there is usually no established trading market for such investments. In addition, we may also face restrictions on our ability to liquidate our investments if our Adviser or any of its affiliates have material nonpublic information regarding the portfolio company.
We may not have the funds or ability to make additional investments in our portfolio companies.
After our initial investment in a portfolio company, we may be called upon from time to time to provide additional funds to such company or have the opportunity to increase our investment through a follow-on investment. There is no assurance that we will make, or will have sufficient funds to make, follow-on investments. Any decisions not to make a follow-on investment or any inability on our part to make such an investment may have a negative impact on a portfolio company in need of such an investment, may result in a missed opportunity for us to increase our participation in a successful operation, may reduce the expected yield on the investment or impair the value of our investment in any such portfolio company.
Our portfolio companies may be highly leveraged.
Our investments may include companies with significant leverage. Such investments are inherently more sensitive to declines in revenues and to increases in expenses and interest rates. The leveraged capital structure of such investments will increase the exposure of the portfolio companies to adverse economic factors, such as downturns in the economy or deterioration in the condition of the portfolio company or its industry. Additionally, the securities acquired by us may be the most junior in what will typically be a complex capital structure, and thus subject to the greatest risk of loss.
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Our portfolio companies may incur debt that ranks equally with, or senior to, our investments in such companies.
We invest primarily in first lien loans issued by middle market companies. Our portfolio companies may have, or may be permitted to incur, other debt that ranks equally with, or senior to, the debt in which we invest. By their terms, such debt instruments may entitle the holders to receive payments of interest or principal on or before the dates on which we are entitled to receive payments with respect to the debt instruments in which we invest. Also, in the event of insolvency, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or bankruptcy of a portfolio company, holders of debt instruments ranking senior to our investment in that portfolio company would typically be entitled to receive payment in full before we receive any distribution. After repaying such senior creditors, such portfolio company may not have any remaining assets to use for repaying its obligation to us. In the case of debt ranking equally with debt instruments in which we invest, we would have to share on an equal basis any distributions with other creditors holding such debt in the event of an insolvency, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or bankruptcy of the relevant portfolio company.
The disposition of our investments may result in contingent liabilities.
In connection with the disposition of an investment in private securities, we may be required to make representations about the business and financial affairs of the portfolio company typical of those made in connection with the sale of a business. We may also be required to indemnify the purchasers of such investment to the extent that any such representations turn out to be inaccurate or with respect to certain potential liabilities. These arrangements may result in contingent liabilities that ultimately yield funding obligations that must be satisfied through our return of certain distributions previously made to us.
There may be circumstances where our debt investments could be subordinated to claims of other creditors or we could be subject to lender liability claims.
Even though we have structured some of our investments as senior loans, if one of our portfolio companies were to enter bankruptcy proceedings, a bankruptcy court might re-characterize our debt investment and subordinate all or a portion of our claim to that of other creditors, depending on the facts and circumstances, including the extent to which we actually provided managerial assistance to that portfolio company. We may also be subject to lender liability claims for actions taken by us with respect to a borrower’s business or instances where we exercise control over the borrower. It is possible that we could become subject to a lender’s liability claim, including as a result of actions taken in rendering significant managerial assistance.
Second priority liens on collateral securing loans that we make to our portfolio companies may be subject to control by senior creditors with first priority liens. If there is a default, the value of the collateral may not be sufficient to repay in full both the first priority creditors and us.
Certain loans that we make to portfolio companies are secured on a second priority basis by the same collateral securing senior secured debt of such companies. The first priority liens on the collateral secures the portfolio company’s obligations under any outstanding senior debt and may secure certain other future debt that may be permitted to be incurred by the company under the agreements governing the loans. The holders of obligations secured by the first priority liens on the collateral will generally control the liquidation of and be entitled to receive proceeds from any realization of the collateral to repay their obligations in full before us. In addition, the value of the collateral in the event of liquidation will depend on market and economic conditions, the availability of buyers and other factors. There can be no assurance that the proceeds, if any, from the sale or sales of all of the collateral would be sufficient to satisfy the loan obligations secured by the second priority liens after payment in full of all obligations secured by the first priority liens on the collateral. If such proceeds are not sufficient to repay amounts outstanding under the loan obligations secured by the second priority liens, then we, to the extent not repaid from the proceeds of the sale of the collateral, will only have an unsecured claim against the company’s remaining assets, if any.
The rights we may have with respect to the collateral securing the loans we make to our portfolio companies with senior debt outstanding may also be limited pursuant to the terms of one or more inter-creditor agreements that we enter into with the holders of senior debt. Under such an inter-creditor agreement, at any time that obligations that have the benefit of the first priority liens are outstanding, any of the following actions may be taken with respect to the collateral and will be at the direction of the holders of the obligations secured by the first priority liens: the ability to cause the commencement of enforcement proceedings against the collateral; the ability to control the conduct of such proceedings; the approval of amendments to collateral documents; releases of liens on the collateral; and waivers of past defaults under collateral documents. We may not have the ability to control or direct such actions, even if our rights are adversely affected.
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If we make unsecured debt investments, we may lack adequate protection in the event our portfolio companies become distressed or insolvent and will likely experience a lower recovery than more senior debtholders in the event such portfolio companies default on their indebtedness.
We have made, and may in the future make, unsecured debt investments in portfolio companies. Unsecured debt investments are unsecured and junior to other indebtedness of the portfolio company. As a consequence, the holder of an unsecured debt investment may lack adequate protection in the event the portfolio company becomes distressed or insolvent and will likely experience a lower recovery than more senior debtholders in the event the portfolio company defaults on its indebtedness. In addition, unsecured debt investments of small and mid-sized companies are often highly illiquid and in adverse market conditions may experience steep declines in valuation even if they are fully performing.
We may incur greater risk with respect to investments we acquire through assignments or participations of interests.
Although we originate a substantial portion of our loans, we may acquire loans through assignments or participations of interests in such loans. The purchaser of an assignment typically succeeds to all the rights and obligations of the assigning institution and becomes a lender under the credit agreement with respect to such debt obligation. However, the purchaser’s rights can be more restricted than those of the assigning institution, and we may not be able to unilaterally enforce all rights and remedies under an assigned debt obligation and with regard to any associated collateral. A participation typically results in a contractual relationship only with the institution participating out the interest and not directly with the borrower. Sellers of participations typically include banks, broker-dealers, other financial institutions and lending institutions. In purchasing participations, we generally will have no right to enforce compliance by the borrower with the terms of the loan agreement against the borrower, and we may not directly benefit from the collateral supporting the debt obligation in which we have purchased the participation. As a result, we will be exposed to the credit risk of both the borrower and the institution selling the participation. Further, in purchasing participations in lending syndicates, we will not be able to conduct the same level of due diligence on a borrower or the quality of the loan with respect to which we are buying a participation as we would conduct if we were investing directly in the loan. This difference may result in us being exposed to greater credit or fraud risk with respect to such loans than we expected when initially purchasing the participation.
We generally do not, and do not expect to, control our portfolio companies.
We do not, and do not expect to, control most of our portfolio companies. As a result, we are subject to the risk that a portfolio company may make business decisions with which we disagree and the management of such company, as representatives of the holders of their common equity, may take risks or otherwise act in ways that do not serve our interests as a debt investor, including actions that could decrease the value of our investment. Due to the lack of liquidity for the majority of our investments, we may not be able to dispose of our interests in our portfolio companies as readily as we would like or at an appropriate valuation.
Defaults by our portfolio companies would harm our operating results.
A portfolio company’s failure to satisfy financial or operating covenants imposed by us or other lenders could lead to defaults and, potentially, termination of its loans and foreclosure on its secured assets, which could trigger cross-defaults under other agreements and jeopardize a portfolio company’s ability to meet its obligations under the debt or equity securities that we hold. We may incur expenses to the extent necessary to seek recovery upon default or to negotiate new terms, which may include the waiver of certain financial covenants, with a defaulting portfolio company. In addition, we may write-down the value of a portfolio company investment upon the worsening of the financial condition of the portfolio company or in anticipation of a default, which could also have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our portfolio companies may experience financial distress and our investments in such companies may be restructured.
Our portfolio companies may experience financial distress from time to time. Debt investments in such companies may cease to be income-producing, may require us to bear certain expenses to protect our investment and may subject us to uncertainty as to when, in what manner and for what value such distressed debt will eventually be satisfied, including through liquidation, reorganization or bankruptcy. Any restructuring can fundamentally alter the nature of the related investment, and restructurings may not be subject to the same underwriting standards that our Adviser employs in connection with the origination of an investment. In addition, we may write-down the value of our investment in any such company to reflect the status of financial distress and future prospects of the business. Any restructuring could alter, reduce or delay the payment of interest or principal on any investment, which could delay the timing and reduce the amount of payments made to us. For example, if an exchange offer is made or plan of reorganization is adopted with respect to the debt securities we currently hold, there can be no assurance that the securities or other assets received by us in connection with such exchange offer or plan of reorganization will have a value or income potential similar to what we anticipated when our original investment was made or even at the time of restructuring. Restructurings of investments might also result in extensions of the term thereof, which could delay the timing of payments made to us, or we may receive equity securities, which may require significantly more of our
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management’s time and attention or carry restrictions on their disposition. We cannot assure you that any particular restructuring strategy pursued by our Adviser will maximize the value of or recovery on any investment.
We may not realize gains from our equity investments.
Certain investments that we have made in the past and may make in the future include warrants or other equity securities. In addition, we have made in the past and may make in the future direct equity investments in companies. Our goal is ultimately to realize gains upon our disposition of such equity interests. However, the equity interests we receive may not appreciate in value and, in fact, may decline in value. Accordingly, we may not be able to realize gains from our equity interests, and any gains that we do realize on the disposition of any equity interests may not be sufficient to offset any other losses we experience. We also may be unable to realize any value if a portfolio company does not have a liquidity event, such as a sale of the business, recapitalization or public offering, which would allow us to sell the underlying equity interests. We may seek puts or similar rights to give us the right to sell our equity securities back to the portfolio company issuer. We may be unable to exercise these put rights for the consideration provided in our investment documents if the issuer is in financial distress.
We are subject to certain risks associated with foreign investments.
We have made in the past and may make in the future investments in foreign companies. Investing in foreign companies may expose us to additional risks not typically associated with investing in U.S. companies. These risks include changes in foreign exchange rates, exchange control regulations, political and social instability, expropriation, imposition of foreign taxes, less liquid markets and less available information than is generally the case in the U.S., higher transaction costs, less government supervision of exchanges, brokers and issuers, less developed bankruptcy laws, difficulty in enforcing contractual obligations, lack of uniform accounting and auditing standards and greater price volatility. In addition, our foreign investments generally do not constitute "qualifying assets" under the Investment Company Act.
Our success will depend, in part, on our ability to anticipate and effectively manage these and other risks. We cannot assure you that these and other factors will not have a material adverse effect on our business as a whole.
We may have foreign currency risks related to our investments denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar.
As of September 30, 2020, a portion of our investments are, and may continue to be, denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. Changes in the rates of exchange between the U.S. dollar and other currencies will have an effect, which could be adverse, on our performance, amounts available for withdrawal and the value of securities distributed by us. Among the factors that may affect currency values are trade balances, the level of short-term interest rates, differences in relative values of similar assets in different currencies, long-term opportunities for investment and capital appreciation and political developments. Additionally, a particular foreign country may impose exchange controls, devalue its currency or take other measures relating to its currency which could adversely affect us. Finally, we could incur costs in connection with conversions between various currencies.
We may expose ourselves to risks if we engage in hedging transactions.
Subject to applicable provisions of the Investment Company Act and applicable regulations promulgated by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, we have in the past and may in the future enter into hedging transactions, which may expose us to risks associated with such transactions. Such hedging may utilize instruments such as forward contracts, currency options and interest rate swaps, caps, collars and floors to seek to hedge against fluctuations in the relative values of our portfolio positions and amounts due under any credit facility from changes in currency exchange rates and market interest rates. Use of these hedging instruments may include counterparty credit risk. Hedging against a decline in the values of our portfolio positions does not eliminate the possibility of fluctuations in the values of such positions and amounts due under our credit facilities or prevent losses if the values of such positions decline. However, such hedging can establish other positions designed to gain from those same developments, thereby offsetting the decline in the value of such portfolio positions. Such hedging transactions may also limit the opportunity for gain if the values of the underlying portfolio positions should increase. Moreover, it may not be possible to hedge against an exchange rate or interest rate fluctuation that is so generally anticipated that we are not able to enter into a hedging transaction at an acceptable price.
The success of any hedging transactions will depend on our ability to correctly predict movements in currencies and interest rates. Therefore, while we may enter into such transactions to seek to reduce currency exchange rate and interest rate risks, unanticipated changes in currency exchange rate or interest rates may result in poorer overall investment performance than if we had not engaged in any such hedging transactions. In addition, the degree of correlation between price movements of the instruments used in a hedging strategy and price movements in the portfolio positions being hedged may vary. Moreover, for a variety of reasons, we may not seek to (or be able to) establish a perfect correlation between such hedging instruments and the portfolio holdings or credit facilities being hedged. Any such imperfect correlation may prevent us from achieving the intended hedge and expose us to risk of loss. In addition, it may not be possible to hedge fully or perfectly against currency fluctuations affecting the value of securities denominated in non-U.S. currencies because the value of those securities is likely to fluctuate as a result of factors not related to currency fluctuations.
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We are a non-diversified investment company within the meaning of the Investment Company Act, and therefore have few restrictions with respect to the proportion of our assets that may be invested in securities of a single industry or issuer.
We are classified as a non-diversified investment company within the meaning of the Investment Company Act, which means that we are not limited by the Investment Company Act with respect to the proportion of our assets that we may invest in securities of a single industry or issuer, excluding limitations on investments in other investment companies. We cannot predict the industries or sectors in which our investment strategy may cause us to concentrate and cannot predict the level of our diversification among industries or issuers. To the extent that we assume large positions in a certain type of security or the securities of a small number of industries or issuers, our net asset value may fluctuate to a greater extent than that of a diversified investment company as a result of changes in the financial condition or the market’s assessment of the security, industry or issuer. We may also be more susceptible to any single economic or regulatory occurrence than a diversified investment company. Beyond RIC diversification requirements, we do not have fixed guidelines for diversification, and our investments could be concentrated in relatively few industries or issuers.
Our portfolio may be concentrated in a limited number of portfolio companies and industries, which will subject us to a risk of significant loss if any of these companies defaults on its obligations under any of its debt instruments or if there is a downturn in a particular industry.
Our portfolio may be concentrated in a limited number of portfolio companies and industries. As a result, the aggregate returns we realize may be significantly and adversely affected if a small number of investments perform poorly or if we need to write down the value of any one investment. Additionally, while we are not targeting any specific industries, our investments may be concentrated in relatively few industries, including the Internet and software industry. As a result, a downturn in any particular industry in which we are invested could also significantly impact the aggregate returns we realize.

Risks Relating to Our Common Stock
Shares of closed-end investment companies, including Business Development Companies, may trade at a discount to their net asset value.
Shares of closed-end investment companies, including Business Development Companies, may trade at a discount from net asset value. This characteristic of closed-end investment companies and Business Development Companies is separate and distinct from the risk that our net asset value per share may decline. During the last two years, shares of our common stock have regularly traded below our net asset value. We cannot predict whether our common stock will trade at, above or below net asset value.
Investing in our common stock may involve an above average degree of risk.
The investments we make in accordance with our investment objective may result in a higher amount of risk than alternative investment options and a higher risk of volatility or loss of principal. Our investments in portfolio companies involve higher levels of risk, and therefore, an investment in our shares may not be suitable for someone with lower risk tolerance.
The market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly.
The market price and liquidity of the market for shares of our common stock may be significantly affected by numerous factors, some of which are beyond our control and may not be directly related to our operating performance. These factors include:
significant volatility in the market price and trading volume of securities of Business Development Companies or other companies in our sector, which are not necessarily related to the operating performance of these companies;
inability to obtain any exemptive relief that may be required by us from the SEC;
changes in regulatory policies, accounting pronouncements or tax guidelines, particularly with respect to RICs and Business Development Companies;
loss of our Business Development Company or RIC status;
changes in earnings or variations in operating results or distributions that exceed our net investment income;
increases in expenses associated with defense of litigation and responding to SEC inquiries;
changes in accounting guidelines governing valuation of our investments;
changes in the value of our portfolio of investments and any derivative instruments, including as a result of general economic conditions, interest rate shifts and changes in the performance of our portfolio companies;
any shortfall in investment income or net investment income or any increase in losses from levels expected by investors or securities analysts;
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departure of our Adviser’s key personnel; and
general economic trends and other external factors, including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market may have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock.
Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock, including by large stockholders, or the availability of such common stock for sale, could adversely affect the prevailing market prices for our common stock. If this occurs and continues for a sustained period of time, it could impair our ability to raise additional capital through the sale of securities should we desire to do so.
Certain provisions of our restated certificate of incorporation and our bylaws as well as the Delaware General Corporation Law could deter takeover attempts and have an adverse impact on the price of our common stock.
Our restated certificate of incorporation and our bylaws as well as the Delaware General Corporation Law contain provisions that may have the effect of discouraging a third party from making an acquisition proposal for us. These anti-takeover provisions may inhibit a change in control in circumstances that could give the holders of our common stock the opportunity to realize a premium over the market price for our common stock.
Stockholders may incur dilution if we issue securities to subscribe to, convert to or purchase shares of our common stock.
The Investment Company Act prohibits us from selling shares of our common stock at a price below the current net asset value per share of such stock with certain exceptions. One such exception is prior stockholder approval of issuances of securities to subscribe to, convert to or purchase shares of our common stock even if the subscription, conversion or purchase price per share of our common stock is below the net asset value per share of our common stock at the time of any such subscription, conversion or purchase. Any decision to sell securities to subscribe to, convert to, or purchase shares of our common stock will be subject to the determination by our Board of Directors that such issuance is in our and our stockholders’ best interests. If we issue securities to subscribe to, convert to or purchase shares of common stock, the exercise or conversion of such securities would increase the number of outstanding shares of our common stock. Any such exercise or conversion would be dilutive on the voting power of existing stockholders, and could be dilutive with regard to distributions and our net asset value, and other economic aspects of the common stock.
Because the number of shares of common stock that could be so issued and the timing of any issuance is not currently known, the actual dilutive effect cannot be predicted; however, the table below illustrates the impact on the net asset value per common share of a Business Development Company that would be experienced upon the exercise of a subscription right to acquire shares of common stock of the Business Development Company.
Example of Impact of Exercise of Subscription Right to Acquire Common Stock on Net Asset Value Per Share
The example assumes that the Business Development Company has 1,000,000 shares of common stock outstanding, $15,000,000 in total assets and $5,000,000 in total liabilities at the time of the exercise of the subscription right. As a result, the net asset value and net asset value per common share of the Business Development Company are $10,000,000 and $10.00, respectively.
Further, the example assumes that the subscription right permits the holder thereof to acquire 250,000 common shares under the following three different scenarios: (i) with an exercise price equal to a 10% premium to the Business Development Company’s net asset value per share at the time of exercise, or $11.00 per share, (ii) with an exercise price equal to the Business Development Company’s net asset value per share at the time of exercise, or $10.00 per share, and (iii) with an exercise price equal to a 10% discount to the Business Development Company’s net asset value per share at the time of exercise, or $9.00 per share.
Subscription Rights Exercise PriceNet Asset Value Per Share
Prior To Exercise
Net Asset Value Per Share
After Exercise
10% premium to net asset value per common share$10.00 $10.20 
Net asset value per common share$10.00 $10.00 
10% discount to net asset value per common share$10.00 $9.80 

Although have we chosen to demonstrate the impact on the net asset value per common share of a Business Development Company that would be experienced by existing stockholders of the Business Development Company upon the exercise of a subscription right to acquire shares of common stock of the Business Development Company, the results noted above would be similar in connection with the exercise or conversion of other securities exercisable or convertible into shares of the Business Development Company’s common stock. In addition, the example does not take into account the impact of other securities that
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may be issued in connection with the issuance of exercisable or convertible securities (e.g., the issuance of shares of common stock in conjunction with the issuance of subscription rights to acquire shares of common stock).
Risks Relating to the Mergers
Because the market price of OCSL Common Stock and the net asset value per share of our common stock and OCSL Common Stock (as defined below) will fluctuate, our stockholders cannot be sure of the market value of the consideration they will receive in connection with the Mergers until the closing date of the Mergers.
At the effective time of the Merger, or the Effective Time, each share of our common stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time (other than shares owned by OCSL or any of its consolidated subsidiaries, or the Cancelled Shares) will be converted into the right to receive a number of shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of OCSL, or OCSL Common Stock, equal to the Exchange Ratio (as defined below), plus any cash (without interest) in lieu of fractional shares. The market value of such consideration to be received by our stockholders upon completion of the Mergers, or the Merger Consideration, may vary from the closing price of our common stock and OCSL Common Stock, respectively, on the date the Mergers were announced, on the date of the special meeting of our stockholders to consider the adoption of the Merger Agreement and approval of the Mergers, or the Special Meeting, and on the date the Mergers are completed. Any change in the market price of OCSL Common Stock prior to completion of the Mergers will affect the market value of the Merger Consideration that our stockholders will receive upon completion of the Mergers. Additionally, the Exchange Ratio will fluctuate as our and OCSL’s respective net asset values change prior to the closing date of the Mergers.
Accordingly, at the time of the Special Meeting, our stockholders will not know or be able to calculate the market value of the Merger Consideration they would receive upon completion of the Mergers. Neither we nor OCSL is permitted to terminate the Merger Agreement or resolicit the vote of our respective stockholders solely because of changes in the market price of shares of OCSL Common Stock. There will be no adjustment to the Merger Consideration for changes in the market price of shares of OCSL Common Stock.
Changes in the market price of OCSL Common Stock may result from a variety of factors, including, among other things:
significant volatility in the market price and trading volume of securities of Business Development Companies or other companies in OCSL’s sector, which are not necessarily related to the operating performance of these companies;
inability to obtain any exemptive relief that may be required by OCSL from the SEC;
changes in regulatory policies, accounting pronouncements or tax guidelines, particularly with respect to RICs and Business Development Companies;
loss of OCSL’s Business Development Company or RIC status;
changes in earnings or variations in operating results or distributions that exceed OCSL’s net investment income;
increases in expenses associated with defense of litigation and responding to SEC inquiries;
changes in accounting guidelines governing valuation of OCSL’s investments;
changes in the value of OCSL’s portfolio of investments and any derivative instruments, including as a result of general economic conditions, interest rate shifts and changes in the performance of OCSL’s portfolio companies;
any shortfall in investment income or net investment income or any increase in losses from levels expected by investors or securities analysts;
departure of Oaktree’s key personnel; and
general economic trends and other external factors, including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
These factors are generally beyond the control of OCSL. The range of high and low closing sales prices per share of OCSL Common Stock as reported on Nasdaq for the three months ended September 30, 2020 was a low of $4.29 and a high of $5.23. However, historical trading prices are not necessarily indicative of future performance. You should obtain current market quotations for shares of OCSL Common Stock prior to the Special Meeting.
Sales of shares of OCSL Common Stock after the completion of the Mergers may cause the trading price of OCSL Common Stock to decline.
For illustrative purposes, based on September 30, 2020 net asset values and excluding transaction costs and other tax-related distributions, OCSL would issue approximately 1.394 shares of OCSL Common Stock pursuant to the Merger Agreement for each share of our common stock outstanding, resulting in pro forma ownership of 22.6% for our current stockholders and 77.4% for current OCSL stockholders. Following completion of the Mergers, certain of our former stockholders may be required to or decide to sell the shares of OCSL Common Stock that they receive pursuant to the Merger Agreement. In addition, OCSL’s stockholders may decide not to hold their shares of OCSL Common Stock after completion of the Mergers. In each case, such sales of OCSL Common Stock could have the effect of depressing the trading price for OCSL
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Common Stock and may take place promptly following the completion of the Mergers. If this occurs, it could impair OCSL’s ability to raise additional capital through the sale of equity securities should OCSL desire to do so.
Most of our stockholders will experience a reduction in percentage ownership and voting power in the combined company as a result of the Mergers.
Our stockholders will experience a substantial reduction in their percentage ownership interests and effective voting power in respect of the combined company relative to their percentage ownership interests in us prior to the Mergers unless they hold a comparable or greater percentage ownership in OCSL as they do in us prior to the Mergers. Consequently, our stockholders should generally expect to exercise less influence over the management and policies of the combined company following the Mergers than they currently exercise over our management and policies. In addition, prior to completion of the Mergers, subject to certain restrictions in the Merger Agreement, we and OCSL may issue additional shares of our common stock and OCSL Common Stock, respectively, which would further reduce the percentage ownership of the combined company to be held by our current stockholders.
OCSL may be unable to realize the benefits anticipated by the Mergers, including estimated cost savings, or it may take longer than anticipated to achieve such benefits.
The realization of certain benefits anticipated as a result of the Mergers will depend in part on the integration of our investment portfolio with OCSL’s investment portfolio, the integration of our business with OCSL’s business and the ability to rotate certain of our current investments into higher yielding assets. There can be no assurance that our investment portfolio or business can be operated profitably or integrated successfully into OCSL’s operations in a timely fashion or at all. The dedication of management resources to such integration may detract attention from the day-to-day business of the combined company and there can be no assurance that there will not be substantial costs associated with the transition process or there will not be other material adverse effects as a result of these integration efforts. Such effects, including incurring unexpected costs or delays in connection with such integration and failure of our investment portfolio to perform as expected, could have a material adverse effect on the financial results of the combined company.
OCSL also expects to achieve certain synergies and cost savings from the Mergers when the two companies have fully integrated their portfolios. It is possible that the estimates of these potential synergies and cost savings could ultimately be incorrect. The cost savings estimates also assume OCSL will be able to combine our operations and OCSL’s operations in a manner that permits those cost savings to be fully realized. If the estimates turn out to be incorrect or if OCSL is not able to successfully combine our investment portfolio or business with OCSL’s operations, the anticipated synergies and cost savings may not be fully realized or realized at all or may take longer to realize than expected.
The opinion delivered to the Special Committee and our Board of Directors from the financial advisor to the Special Committee will not reflect changes in circumstances between the signing of the Merger Agreement and completion of the Mergers.
The opinion of the financial advisor to a special committee comprised solely of certain of our independent directors, or the Special Committee, was delivered to the Special Committee and our Board of Directors on, and was dated, October 28, 2020. Changes in our or OCSL’s operations and prospects, general market and economic conditions and other factors that may be beyond the control of us or OCSL may significantly alter our value or the price of shares of OCSL Common Stock by the time the Mergers are completed. The opinion does not speak as of the time the Mergers will be completed or as of any date other than the date of such opinion.
If the Mergers do not close, we will not benefit from the expenses incurred in pursuit of the Mergers.
The Mergers may not be completed. If the Mergers are not completed, we will have incurred substantial expenses for which no ultimate benefit will have been received. We have incurred out-of-pocket expenses in connection with the Mergers for investment banking, legal and accounting fees and financial printing and other related charges, much of which will be incurred even if the Mergers are not completed.
The termination of the Merger Agreement could negatively impact us.
If the Merger Agreement is terminated, there may be various consequences, including:
our business may have been adversely impacted by the failure to pursue other beneficial opportunities due to the focus of management on the Mergers, without realizing any of the anticipated benefits of completing the Mergers;
the market price of our common stock might decline to the extent that the market price prior to termination reflects a market assumption that the Mergers will be completed; and
we may not be able to find a party willing to pay an equivalent or more attractive price than the price OCSL agreed to pay in the Mergers.
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The Merger Agreement limits our ability to pursue alternatives to the Mergers.
The Merger Agreement contains provisions that limit our ability to discuss, facilitate or commit to competing third party proposals to acquire all or a significant part of us. These provisions, which are typical for transactions of this type, include a termination fee of $5.7 million payable by third parties to OCSL under certain circumstances, might discourage a potential competing acquirer that might have an interest in acquiring all or a significant part of us from considering or proposing that acquisition even if it were prepared to pay consideration with a higher per share market price than that proposed in the Mergers or might result in a potential competing acquirer proposing to pay a lower per share price to acquire us than it might otherwise have proposed to pay.
The Mergers are subject to closing conditions, including stockholder approvals, that, if not satisfied or (to the extent legally allowed) waived, will result in the Mergers not being completed, which may result in material adverse consequences to our business and operations.
The Mergers are subject to closing conditions, including certain approvals of our and OCSL’s respective stockholders that, if not satisfied, will prevent the Mergers from being completed. The closing condition that our stockholders adopt the Merger Agreement and approve the Mergers may not be waived under applicable law and must be satisfied for the Mergers to be completed. If our stockholders do not adopt the Merger Agreement and approve the Mergers and the Mergers are not completed, the resulting failure of the Mergers could have a material adverse impact on our business and operations. In addition, the closing condition that OCSL’s stockholders approve the issuance of shares of OCSL Common Stock pursuant to the Merger Agreement may not be waived and must be satisfied for the Mergers to be completed. If OCSL’s stockholders do not approve the issuance of shares of OCSL Common Stock pursuant to the Merger Agreement and the Mergers are not completed, the resulting failure of the Mergers could have a material adverse impact on our business and operations. In addition to the required approvals of our and OCSL’s stockholders, the Mergers are subject to a number of other conditions beyond our control that may prevent, delay or otherwise materially adversely affect completion of the Mergers. We cannot predict whether and when these other conditions will be satisfied.
We may, to the extent legally allowed, waive one or more conditions to the Mergers without resoliciting stockholder approval.
Certain conditions to our obligations to complete the Mergers may be waived, in whole or in part, to the extent legally allowed, either unilaterally or by agreement with OCSL. In the event that any such waiver does not require resolicitation of stockholders, we will have the discretion to complete the Mergers without seeking further stockholder approval. The conditions requiring the approval of our and OCSL’s stockholders, however, cannot be waived.
We will be subject to operational uncertainties and contractual restrictions while the Mergers are pending.
Uncertainty about the effect of the Mergers may have an adverse effect on us and, consequently, on the combined company following completion of the Mergers. These uncertainties may cause those that deal with us to seek to change their existing business relationships with us. In addition, the Merger Agreement restricts us from taking actions that we might otherwise consider to be in our best interests. These restrictions may prevent us from pursuing certain business opportunities that may arise prior to the completion of the Mergers.
The market price of OCSL Common Stock after the Mergers may be affected by factors different from those affecting OCSL Common Stock currently.
Our business and OCSL’s business differ in some respects and, accordingly, the results of operations of the combined company and the market price of OCSL Common Stock after the Mergers may be affected by factors different from those currently affecting the independent results of operations and trading price of each of us and OCSL, such as a larger stockholder base, a different portfolio composition and a different capital structure.
Accordingly, OCSL’s historical trading prices and financial results may not be indicative of such matters for the combined company following the Mergers.
General Risk Factors
Economic recessions or downturns, such as the current recession, may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations, and could impair the ability of our portfolio companies to repay debt or pay interest.
Economic recessions or downturns may result in a prolonged period of market illiquidity which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Unfavorable economic conditions also could increase our funding costs, limit our access to the capital markets or result in a decision by lenders not to extend credit to us. These events could limit our investment originations, limit our ability to grow and negatively impact our operating results. In
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addition, uncertainty with regard to economic recovery from recessions or downturns could also have a negative impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
When recessionary conditions exist, such as current recession, the financial results of middle-market companies, like those in which we invest, typically experience deterioration, which could ultimately lead to difficulty in meeting debt service requirements and an increase in defaults. Additionally, there can be reduced demand for certain of our portfolio companies’ products and services and/or other economic consequences, such as decreased margins or extended payment terms. Further, adverse economic conditions may decrease the value of collateral securing some of our loans and the value of our equity investments. Such conditions may require us to modify the payment terms of our investments, including changes in PIK interest provisions and/or cash interest rates. The performance of certain of our portfolio companies has been, and in the future may be, negatively impacted by these economic or other conditions, which may result in our receipt of reduced interest income from our portfolio companies and/or realized and unrealized losses related to our investments, and, in turn, may adversely affect distributable income and have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
Global economic, political and market conditions, including downgrades of the U.S. credit rating, may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
The current global financial market situation, as well as various social and political tensions in the United States and around the world, may contribute to increased market volatility, may have long-term effects on the United States and worldwide financial markets and may cause economic uncertainties or deterioration in the U.S. and worldwide. The impact of downgrades by rating agencies to the U.S. government’s sovereign credit rating or its perceived creditworthiness as well as potential government shutdowns and uncertainty surrounding transfers of power could adversely affect the U.S. and global financial markets and economic conditions. Since 2010, several European Union, or EU, countries have faced budget issues, some of which may have negative long-term effects for the economies of those countries and other EU countries. There is concern about national-level support for the Euro and the accompanying coordination of fiscal and wage policy among European Economic and Monetary Union member countries. In addition, the fiscal policy of foreign nations, such as Russia and China, may have a severe impact on the worldwide and U.S. financial markets. The decision made in the United Kingdom referendum to leave the EU (the so-called “Brexit”) has led to volatility in global financial markets and may lead to weakening in consumer, corporate and financial confidence in the United Kingdom and Europe. While the United Kingdom commenced its withdrawal from the EU on January 31, 2020, the transition and its surrounding negotiations are ongoing, which creates uncertainty, which may lead to continued volatility. Additionally, trade wars and volatility in the U.S. repo market, the U.S. high yield bond markets, the Chinese stock markets and global markets for commodities may affect other financial markets worldwide. In addition, while recent government stimulus measures worldwide have reduced volatility in the financial markets, volatility may return as such measures are phased out, and the long-term impacts of such stimulus on fiscal policy and inflation remain unknown. We cannot predict the effects of these or similar events in the future on the U.S. and global economies and securities markets or on our investments. We monitor developments in economic, political and market conditions and seek to manage our investments in a manner consistent with achieving our investment objective, but there can be no assurance that we will be successful in doing so.
Future control deficiencies could prevent us from accurately and timely reporting our financial results.
We may identify deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting in the future, including significant deficiencies and material weaknesses. A “significant deficiency” is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting that is less severe than a material weakness, yet important enough to merit attention by those responsible for oversight of a company’s financial reporting. A "material weakness" is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. A deficiency in internal control exists when the design or operation of a control does not allow management or employees, in the normal course of performing their assigned functions, to prevent or detect misstatements on a timely basis.
Our failure to identify deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting in a timely manner or remediate any deficiencies, or the identification of material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in the future could prevent us from accurately and timely reporting our financial results.
We may experience fluctuations in our quarterly results.
We could experience fluctuations in our quarterly results due to a number of factors, including our ability or inability to make investments in companies that meet our investment criteria, the interest rate payable on the debt securities we acquire, changes in accrual status of our portfolio company investments, distributions, the level of our expenses, variations in and the timing of the recognition of realized and unrealized gains or losses, the degree to which we encounter competition in our market and general economic conditions. As a result of these factors, results for any period should not be relied upon as being indicative of performance in future periods.
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We incur significant costs as a result of being a publicly traded company.
As a publicly-traded company, we incur legal, accounting and other expenses, including costs associated with the periodic reporting requirements applicable to a company whose securities are registered under the Exchange Act, as well as additional corporate governance requirements, including requirements under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and other rules implemented by the SEC and the listing standards of the Nasdaq Global Select Market.
We may be the target of litigation or similar proceedings in the future.
We could generally be subject to litigation or similar proceedings in the future, including securities litigation and derivative actions by our stockholders. Any litigation or similar proceedings could result in substantial costs, divert management’s attention and resources from our business or otherwise have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
None.

Item 2. Properties
We do not own any real estate or other physical properties material to our operations. Our administrative and principal executive offices are located at 333 South Grand Avenue, 28th Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90071. We believe that our office facilities are suitable and adequate for our business as it is presently conducted.

Item 3.     Legal Proceedings
Although we may, from time to time, be involved in litigation arising out of our operations in the normal course of business or otherwise, we are currently not a party to any pending material legal proceedings.

Item 4.     Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.

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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

PART II

Item 5.     Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Price Range of Common Stock
Our common stock trades on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “OCSI.” The following table sets forth, for each fiscal quarter during the last two most recently completed fiscal years and for the current fiscal year, the range of high and low sales prices of our common stock as reported on the Nasdaq Global Select Market, the premium (discount) of sales price to our net asset value, or NAV, and the distributions declared by us for each fiscal quarter:
Sale Price
NAV (1)HighLowPremium (Discount) of High Sales Price to NAV (2)Premium (Discount) of Low Sales Price to NAV (2)Cash Distribution per Share (3)
Year ended September 30, 2019
  First quarter$9.43 $8.68 $7.52 (8.0)%(20.3)%$0.155 
  Second quarter$9.74 $8.67 $7.66 (11.0)%(21.4)%$0.155 
  Third quarter$9.71 $8.81 $8.10 (9.3)%(16.6)%$0.155 
  Fourth quarter$9.65 $8.50 $7.54 (11.9)%(21.9)%$0.155 
Year ended September 30, 2020
  First quarter$9.71 $8.40 $8.00 (13.5)%(17.6)%$0.155 
  Second quarter$7.17 $8.50 $4.28 18.5 %(40.3)%$0.155 
  Third quarter$8.47 $6.70 $4.88 (20.9)%(42.4)%$0.125 
  Fourth quarter$9.05 $7.00 $6.10 (22.7)%(32.6)%$0.125 
Year ending September 30, 2021
First quarter (through November 17, 2020)*$7.27 $6.32 **$0.145 (4)
__________ 
* Not determinable at the time of filing.
(1)NAV per share is determined as of the last day in the relevant quarter and therefore may not reflect the NAV per share on the date of the high and low sales prices. The NAVs shown are based on outstanding shares at the end of each period.
(2)Calculated as the respective high or low sales price less NAV, divided by NAV.
(3)Represents the distribution declared in the specified quarter. We have adopted an “opt out” dividend reinvestment plan for our common stockholders. Distributions by us are generally taxable to U.S. stockholders as ordinary income or capital gains.
(4)On November 13, 2020, our Board of Directors declared a distribution of $0.145 per share payable on December 31, 2020 to stockholders of record on December 15, 2020.
The last reported price for our common stock on November 17, 2020 was $7.19 per share, which represented a 20.6% discount to our NAV as of September 30, 2020. As of November 17, 2020, we had six stockholders of record, which did not include stockholders for whom shares are held in nominee or “street” name.
Sales of Unregistered Securities
We did not engage in any sales of unregistered securities during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020.
Stock Performance Graph
The following graph compares the cumulative 5-year total return provided to shareholders on Oaktree Strategic Income Corporation’s common stock relative to the cumulative total returns of the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index, the Russell 2000 Financial Services Index and the Wells Fargo BDC Total Return Index. An investment of $100 (with reinvestment of all dividends) is assumed to have been made in our common stock and in each index on September 30, 2015 and its relative performance is tracked through September 30, 2020. The stock performance graph shows returns during management by the Former Adviser for the period from September 30, 2015 through October 16, 2017 and during management by Oaktree and its affiliates for the period from October 17, 2017 through September 30, 2020.

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ocsi5yearcumulativetotalrea.jpg
September 30, 2015September 30, 2016September 30, 2017September 30, 2018September 30, 2019September 30, 2020
Oaktree Strategic Income Corporation100.00 109.48 123.46 130.83 134.48 114.79 
S&P 500100.00 115.43 136.91 161.43 168.30 193.80 
Russell 2000 Financial Services100.00 115.91 141.96 151.60 149.55 115.08 
Wells Fargo BDC Total Return Index100.00 121.53 133.53 137.98 148.03 114.90 

Stock Repurchase Program
We did not repurchase shares of our common stock during the years ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.
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Fee and Expenses
The following table is intended to assist stockholders in understanding the costs and expenses that an investor in shares of our common stock will bear directly or indirectly. We caution you that some of the percentages indicated in the table below are estimates and may vary. Except where the context suggests otherwise, whenever this Form 10-K contains a reference to fees or expenses paid by “you” or “us”, or that “we” will pay fees or expenses, stockholders will indirectly bear such fees or expenses as investors in us. Such expenses also include those of our consolidated subsidiaries.
Stockholder transaction expenses:
Sales load (as a percentage of offering price)—%(1)
Offering expenses (as a percentage of offering price)—%(2)
Dividend reinvestment plan feesUp to $15(3)
Total stockholder transaction expenses (as a percentage of offering price)—%(4)
Annual expenses (as a percentage of net assets attributable to common stock):
Base management fees1.93%(5)
Incentive fees (17.5%)0.70%(6)
Interest payments on borrowed funds (including other costs of servicing and offering debt securities)3.15%(7)
Other expenses1.39%(8)
Acquired fund fees and expenses1.62%(9)
Total annual expenses8.79%(10)
__________ 
(1)If applicable, the prospectus or prospectus supplement relating to an offering of our common stock will disclose the applicable sales load.
(2)In the event that we conduct an offering of our securities, a corresponding prospectus supplement will disclose the estimated offering expenses.
(3)The expenses of administering our dividend reinvestment plan are included in “Other expenses.” The plan administrator’s fees under the plan are paid by us. If a participant elects by notice to the plan administrator in advance of termination to have the plan administrator sell part or all of the shares held by the plan administrator in the participant’s account and remit the proceeds to the participant, the plan administrator is authorized to deduct a transaction fee of up to $15 plus a $0.10 per share fee from the proceeds.
(4)Total stockholder transaction expenses may include sales load and will be disclosed in a future prospectus supplement, if any.
(5)Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, the base management fee is calculated at an annual rate of 1.00% of the average value of our total gross assets at the end of the two most recently completed quarters, including any investment made with borrowings, but excluding cash and cash equivalents. For purposes of this table, we have assumed $514.9
million of total gross assets (excluding cash and cash equivalents), which was the actual amount of our total gross assets as of September 30, 2020. See “Item 1. Business - Investment Advisory and Management Agreement - Management Fee” for additional information.
(6)The incentive fee consists of two parts. Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, the incentive fee on income is calculated and payable quarterly in arrears based upon our pre-incentive fee net investment income for the immediately preceding quarter. The payment of the incentive fee on income is subject to payment of a preferred return to investors each quarter (i.e., a “hurdle rate”), expressed as a rate of return on the value of our net assets at the end of the most recently completed quarter, of 1.50%, subject to a “catch up” feature. See “Item 1. Business - Investment Advisory and Management Agreement - Management Fee” for additional information.

Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, the second part of the incentive fee (the “capital gains incentive fee”) is determined and payable in arrears as of the end of each fiscal year (or upon termination of the Investment Advisory Agreement, as of the termination date) commencing with the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019 and equals 17.5% of our realized capital gains, if any, on a cumulative basis from the beginning of the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019 through the end of each fiscal year, computed net of all realized capital losses and unrealized capital depreciation on a cumulative basis, less the aggregate amount of any previously paid capital gains incentive fees under the Investment Advisory Agreement. Any realized capital gains or losses and unrealized capital depreciation with respect to our portfolio as of the end of the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018 are excluded from the calculations of the second part of the incentive fee.

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For the two-year period commencing on October 17, 2017, OCM agreed to waive, to the extent necessary, any management or incentive fees payable to OCM that exceed what would have been paid to the Former Adviser in the aggregate under the Former Investment Advisory Agreement. For illustrative purposes, however, the table above assumes that no management or incentive fees payable to OCM were waived by OCM pursuant to this waiver.

The incentive fee referenced in the table above is based on actual amounts of the incentive fee on income incurred during the year ended September 30, 2020 and the capital gains incentive fee payable under the Investment Advisory Agreement as of September 30, 2020.
(7)“Interest payments on borrowed funds (including other costs of servicing and offering debt securities)” is calculated as the weighted average interest rate in effect as of September 30, 2020 multiplied by the actual debt outstanding as of September 30, 2020 of $267.6 million. The weighted average interest rate for our borrowings as of September 30, 2020 was 2.6% (exclusive of deferred financing costs). The amount of leverage that we employ at any particular time will depend on, among other things, our Board of Directors’ assessment of market and other factors at the time of any proposed borrowing.
(8)“Other expenses” are based on estimated amounts for the current fiscal year. These expenses include certain expenses allocated to us under the Investment Advisory Agreement, including travel expenses incurred by the Adviser’s personnel in connection with investigating and monitoring our investments, such as investment due diligence.
(9)Our stockholders indirectly bear the expenses of underlying funds or other investment vehicles that would be an investment company under section 3(a) of the Investment Company Act but for the exceptions to that definition provided for in sections 3(c)(1) and 3(c)(7) of the Investment Company Act ("Acquired Funds") in which we invest. This amount includes the annual expenses of the OCSI Glick JV. There are no fees paid by the OCSI Glick JV to the Adviser. See "Management Discussion and Analysis - OCSI Glick JV LLC" and Note 3 to our Consolidated Financial Statements in this Form 10-K for more information on the OCSI Glick JV. The annual expenses of the OCSI Glick JV include interest payments on the Subordinated Notes held by GF Debt Funding, which represented 4.8% of such expenses, and exclude interest payments on the Subordinated Notes held by us. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Subordinated Notes did not pay interest during the March 31, 2020, June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020 quarters and was on non-accrual status as of September 30, 2020.
(10)“Total annual expenses” is presented as a percentage of net assets attributable to common stockholders because our common stockholders bear all of our fees and expenses and includes all fees and expenses of our consolidated subsidiaries. “Total annual expenses” does not reflect any potential provision (benefit) for income taxes because of the uncertainties associated with determining such amounts in future periods.

Example
The following example demonstrates the projected dollar amount of total cumulative expenses that would be incurred over various periods with respect to a hypothetical investment in our common stock assuming that we hold no cash or liabilities other than debt. In calculating the following expense amounts, we have assumed that our annual operating expenses remain at the levels set forth in the table above. The example does not include any sales load or offering expenses.
An investor would pay the following expenses on a $1,000 investment1 Year3 Years5 Years10 Years
Assuming a 5% annual return (assumes no return from net realized capital gains)$81$244$411$840
Assuming a 5% annual return (assumes return entirely from net realized capital gains)$98$293$489$978
The example and the expenses in the tables above should not be considered a representation of our future expenses, and actual expenses may be greater or less than those shown. While the example assumes, as required by the SEC, a 5% annual return, our performance will vary and may result in a return greater or less than 5%. The incentive fee based on pre-incentive fee net investment income under the Investment Advisory Agreement, which, assuming a 5% annual return, would either not be payable or would have an insignificant impact on the expense amounts shown above, is not included in the example. If we achieve sufficient returns on our investments, including through the realization of capital gains, to trigger a greater incentive fee, our expenses, and returns to our investors, would be higher. For purposes of this example, we have assumed that as of October 1, 2020, the sum of our realized capital losses and unrealized capital depreciation on a cumulative basis since October 1, 2018 equals zero. In addition, while the example assumes reinvestment of all distributions at NAV, participants in our dividend reinvestment plan will receive a number of shares of our common stock, determined by dividing the total dollar amount of the cash distribution payable to a participant by either (i) the greater of (a) the current NAV per share of our common stock and (b) 95% of the market price per share of our common stock at the close of trading on the payment date fixed by our Board of Directors in the event that we use newly issued shares to satisfy the share requirements of the dividend reinvestment plan or (ii) the average purchase price, excluding any brokerage charges or other charges, of all shares of common
49


stock purchased by the administrator of the dividend reinvestment plan in the event that shares are purchased in the open market to satisfy the share requirements of the dividend reinvestment plan, which may be at, above or below NAV.
Financial Highlights
Year ended
September 30, 2020
Year ended
September 30, 2019
Year ended
September 30, 2018 (1)
Year ended
September 30, 2017
Year ended
September 30, 2016
Year ended
September 30, 2015
Year ended
September 30, 2014
Period from June 29, 2013 (commencement of operations) through
September 30, 2013
Net asset value per share at beginning of period$9.65 $10.04 $9.97 $11.06 $12.11 $12.65 $15.11 $— 
Net investment income (2)0.55 0.72 0.67 0.76 0.86 0.96 0.62 — 
Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) (2)(0.24)(0.47)0.97 (0.60)(0.58)(0.43)0.24 0.12 
Net realized gains (losses) (2)(0.35)(0.02)(0.94)(0.45)(0.43)0.01 0.14 0.01 
Distributions of net investment income to stockholders(0.56)(0.62)(0.56)(0.80)(0.90)(1.07)(0.62)— 
Tax return of capital— — (0.07)— — — (0.39)— 
Net issuance of common stock— — — — — (0.01)(2.45)14.98 
Net asset value per share at end of period$9.05 $9.65 $10.04 $9.97 $11.06 $12.11 $12.65 $15.11 
Per share market value at beginning of period$8.25 $8.65 $8.80 $8.56 $8.73 $11.82 $13.54 $15.00 
Per share market value at end of period$6.51 $8.25 $8.65 $8.80 $8.56 $8.73 $11.82 $13.54 
Total return (3)(13.98)%2.83 %5.90 %12.51 %9.44 %(15.76)%(8.20)%(9.73)%
Common shares outstanding at beginning of period29,466,768 29,466,768 29,466,768 29,466,768 29,466,768 29,466,768 6,666,768 100 
Common shares outstanding at end of period29,466,768 29,466,768 29,466,768 29,466,768 29,466,768 29,466,768 29,466,768 6,666,768 
Net assets at beginning of period$284,450,006 $295,745,420 $293,636,434 $325,829,394 $356,807,103 $372,677,678 $100,705,269 $1,500 
Net assets at end of period$266,681,411 $284,450,006 $295,745,420 $293,636,434 $325,829,394 $356,807,103 $372,677,678 $100,705,269 
Average net assets (4)$257,184,310 $286,712,068 $294,285,497 $316,440,902 $332,486,362 $368,839,422 $132,873,801 $80,133,138 
Ratio of net investment income to average net assets6.30 %7.37 %6.72 %7.09 %7.59 %7.67 %4.34 %0.08 %
Ratio of total expenses to average net assets9.20 %10.11 %9.72 %7.71 %8.44 %6.29 %5.20 %2.14 %
Ratio of net expenses to average net assets9.07 %9.94 %9.48 %7.63 %8.44 %6.29 %5.08 %2.14 %
Ratio of portfolio turnover to average investments at fair value41.25 %34.11 %74.88 %46.80 %28.02 %21.48 %78.96 %16.44 %
Weighted average outstanding debt (5)$306,450,172 $290,086,937 $269,760,689 $267,608,526 $303,204,218 $243,240,691 $49,833,018 $— 
Average debt per share (2)$10.40 $9.84 $9.15 $9.08 $10.29 $8.25 $5.36 $— 
Asset coverage ratio at end of period (6)199.66 %196.54 %207.52 %211.67 %211.43 %210.46 %— — 
(1)Beginning on October 17, 2017, the Company is externally managed by Oaktree or its affiliates. Prior to October 17, 2017, the Company was externally managed by the Former Adviser.
(2)Calculated based upon weighted average shares outstanding for the period.
(3)Total return equals the increase or decrease of ending market value over beginning market value, plus distributions, divided by the beginning market value, assuming dividend reinvestment prices obtained under the Company's DRIP. Total return does not include sales load.
(4)Calculated based upon the weighted average net assets for the period.
(5)Calculated based upon the weighted average outstanding debt for the period.
(6)Based on outstanding senior securities of $267.6 million, $294.7 million, $275.1 million, $263.0 million, $292.4 million and $323.0 million as of September 30, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively. As of September 30, 2014 and 2013, the Company did not have any outstanding senior securities.
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Item 6.     Selected Financial Data
The table below sets forth our selected historical financial data for the periods indicated. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of future results. The selected financial data in this section is not intended to replace the financial statements and is qualified in its entirety by the financial statements and related notes included in this filing.
The following selected financial data should be read together with the information contained in Part II, Item 7 of this Form 10-K, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and the audited financial statements and the notes thereto in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K, "Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data." The financial information as of and for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017 and 2016 set forth below was derived from our audited financial statements and related notes, which are included in "Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

As of and for the Years Ended

September 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
September 30,
2018
September 30,
2017
September 30,
2016
Statement of Operations data:
Total investment income$39,534,044 $49,627,470 $47,670,547 $46,571,856 $53,426,234 
Base management fee5,642,982 5,875,236 5,657,786 5,654,699 6,134,304 
Part I incentive fee1,873,858 4,293,999 2,923,076 3,236,320 5,211,729 
Part II incentive fee— — — — — 
Fees waived(322,121)(489,275)(702,261)(6,232)(6,232)
All other expenses16,135,825 18,807,259 20,020,614 15,265,376 16,793,749 
Net investment income16,203,500 21,140,251 19,771,332 22,421,693 25,292,684 
Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) (7,158,267)(13,705,282)28,615,535 (17,803,657)(16,980,524)
Net realized gains (losses)(10,312,436)(460,987)(27,713,818)(13,384,915)(12,769,777)
Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations(1,267,203)6,973,982 20,673,049 (8,766,879)(4,457,617)
Per share data:
Net asset value per common share at period end$9.05 $9.65 $10.04 $9.97 $11.06 
Market price at period end6.51 8.25 8.65 8.80 8.56 
Net investment income0.55 0.72 0.67 0.76 0.86 
Net realized and unrealized gains (losses)(0.59)(0.48)0.03 (1.06)(1.01)
Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations(0.04)0.24 0.70 (0.30)(0.15)
Distributions per common share0.56 0.62 0.63 0.80 0.90 
Balance Sheet data at period end:
Total investments at fair value$502,293,365 $597,104,447 $556,841,828 $560,436,660 $573,604,381 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash29,500,427 14,051,632 16,431,787 43,012,387 28,815,679 
Other assets12,575,852 12,177,635 11,858,255 5,213,604 19,997,081 
Total assets544,369,644 623,333,714 585,131,870 608,662,651 622,417,141 
Total liabilities277,688,233 338,883,708 289,386,450 315,026,217 296,587,747 
Total net assets266,681,411 284,450,006 295,745,420 293,636,434 325,829,394 
Other data:
Weighted average yield on debt investments (1)6.30 %7.42 %7.70 %7.52 %8.58 %
Number of portfolio companies at period end78 84 75 67 63 
 
(1)Weighted average yield is calculated based upon our debt investments at fair value at the end of the period.

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Item 7.     Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion should be read in connection with our Consolidated Financial Statements and the notes thereto included elsewhere in this annual report on Form 10-K.
Some of the statements in this annual report on Form 10-K constitute forward-looking statements because they relate to future events or our future performance or financial condition. The forward-looking statements contained in this annual report on Form 10-K may include statements as to:

our future operating results and distribution projections;
the ability of Oaktree to reposition our portfolio and to implement Oaktree’s future plans with respect to our business;
the ability of Oaktree and its affiliates to attract and retain highly talented professionals;
our business prospects and the prospects of our portfolio companies;
the impact of the investments that we expect to make;
the ability of our portfolio companies to achieve their objectives;
our expected financings and investments and additional leverage we may seek to incur in the future;
the adequacy of our cash resources and working capital;
the timing of cash flows, if any, from the operations of our portfolio companies; and
the cost or potential outcome of any litigation to which we may be a party.
In addition, words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “expect,” “seek,” “plan,” “should,” “estimate,” “project” and “intend” indicate forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements include these words. The forward-looking statements contained in this annual report on Form 10-K involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those implied or expressed in the forward-looking statements for any reason, including the factors set forth in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in this annual report on Form 10-K.
Other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include:
changes or potential disruptions in our operations, the economy, financial markets or political environment;
risks associated with possible disruptions in our operations or the economy generally due to terrorism, natural disasters or the COVID-19 pandemic;
future changes in laws or regulations (including the interpretation of these laws and regulations by regulatory authorities) and conditions in our operating areas, particularly with respect to Business Development Companies or RICs;
general considerations associated with the COVID-19 pandemic;
the ability of the parties to consummate the Mergers on the expected timeline, or at all;
the ability of the parties to consummate the Mergers on the expected timeline, or at all;
the effects of disruption on our business from the proposed Mergers;
the combined company’s plans, expectations, objectives and intentions, as a result of the Mergers;
any potential termination of the Merger Agreement;
the actions of our stockholders or the stockholders of OCSL with respect to the proposals submitted for their approval in connection with the Mergers; and
other considerations that may be disclosed from time to time in our publicly disseminated documents and filings.
We have based the forward-looking statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K on information available to us on the date of this annual report, and we assume no obligation to update any such forward-looking statements. Although we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, you are advised to consult any additional disclosures that we may make directly to you or through reports that we in the future may file with the SEC, including annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K.
Business Overview
We are a specialty finance company that looks to provide customized capital solutions for middle-market companies in both the syndicated and private placement markets. We are a closed-end, externally managed, non-diversified management investment company that has elected to be regulated as a Business Development Company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, or the Investment Company Act. In addition, we have qualified and elected to be treated as a RIC under the Code for tax purposes.
We are externally managed by Oaktree pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement. Oaktree Administrator, an affiliate of Oaktree, provides certain administrative and other services necessary for us to operate pursuant to the Administration Agreement.
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Our investment objective is to generate a stable source of current income while minimizing the risk of principal loss and, to a lesser extent, capital appreciation by providing innovative first-lien financing solutions to companies across a wide variety of industries. We invest in companies across a variety of industries that typically possess resilient business models with strong underlying fundamentals. We intend to deploy capital across credit and economic cycles with a focus on long-term results, which we believe will enable us to build lasting partnerships with financial sponsors and management teams. We invest in unsecured loans, including subordinated loans and bonds, issued by private middle-market companies and, to a lesser extent, senior and subordinated loans and bonds issued by public companies and equity investments.
Oaktree intends to (1) rotate out of a small number of investments where the underlying business fundamentals may expose us to significant risk of loss of principal, (2) focus on increasing the size of private first lien investments originated on Oaktree's platform (which we call "core investments") and (3) supplement the portfolio with broadly syndicated and select privately placed loans. Oaktree is generally focused on middle-market companies, which we define as companies with enterprise values of between $100 million and $750 million. We generally invest in securities that are rated below investment grade by rating agencies or that would be rated below investment grade if they were rated. Below investment grade securities, which are often referred to as “high yield” and “junk,” have predominantly speculative characteristics with respect to the issuer’s capacity to pay interest and repay principal.
Oaktree has performed a comprehensive review of our portfolio and categorized our portfolio into core investments, non-core performing investments and non-accrual investments. Certain additional information on such categorization and our portfolio composition is included in investor presentations that we file with the SEC. Since an Oaktree affiliate became our investment adviser in October 2017, Oaktree and its affiliates have reduced the investments identified as non-core by over $250 million, at fair value. Over time, Oaktree intends to rotate us out of the remaining non-core investments, which were approximately $37 million at fair value as of September 30, 2020.
Business Environment and Developments
We believe that the COVID-19 pandemic may have lasting effects on the U.S. and global financial markets and may cause further economic uncertainties or deterioration in the performance of the middle market in the United States and worldwide. While the initial market disruptions have somewhat eased, the global economy continues to experience economic uncertainty. This uncertainty can impact the overall supply and demand of the market through changing spreads, deal terms and structures, and equity purchase price multiples.
Despite this economic uncertainty, we believe attractive risk-adjusted returns can be achieved by making loans to companies in the middle market. Given the breadth of the investment platform of Oaktree and its affiliates, we believe that we have the resources and experience to source, diligence and structure investments in these companies and are well placed to generate attractive returns for investors.
We have proactively taken a number of actions to evaluate and support our portfolio companies in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, including outreach to a variety of management teams and sponsors. We have been in close contact with many of our portfolio companies to understand their liquidity and solvency positions. We believe that these efforts to closely monitor and identify vulnerable investments will allow us to address potential problems early and provide constructive solutions to our portfolio companies.
As of September 30, 2020, 98.1% of our debt investment portfolio (at fair value) and 98.3% of our debt portfolio (at cost) bore interest at floating rates indexed to LIBOR and/or an alternate base rate (e.g., prime rate), which typically resets semi-annually, quarterly or monthly at the borrower’s option.  As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the related decision of the U.S. Federal Reserve to reduce certain interest rates, LIBOR decreased beginning in March 2020. A prolonged reduction in interest rates will result in a decreases in our total investment income and could result in a decrease in our net investment income to the extent the decreases are not offset by an increase in the spread on our floating rate investments, a decrease in our interest expense or a reduction or waiver of our incentive fee on income. In July 2017, the head of the United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority announced the desire to phase out the use of LIBOR by the end of 2021. In anticipation of the cessation of LIBOR, we may need to renegotiate any credit agreements extending beyond 2021 with our prospective portfolio companies that utilize LIBOR as a factor in determining the interest rate.  The reinvestment period of each of our borrowing facilities in place as of September 30, 2020 ends prior to the end of 2021 (and therefore prior to any phase out of LIBOR); however, we expect that any refinancings or future borrowing facilities that bear interest at floating rates indexed to LIBOR (or certain amendments to current borrowing facilities) would include procedures for the selection of a replacement reference rate following any phase out of LIBOR.  Certain of the loan agreements with our portfolio companies have included fallback language in the event that LIBOR becomes unavailable.  This language generally provides that the administrative agent may identify a replacement reference rate, typically with the consent of (or prior consultation with) the borrower.  In certain cases, the administrative agent will be required to obtain the consent of either a majority of the lenders under the facility, or the consent of each lender, prior to identifying a replacement reference rate.  Alternatively, certain of the loan agreements with our portfolio companies do not include any fallback language providing a mechanism for the parties to negotiate a new reference interest rate and will instead revert to the base rate in the event LIBOR ceases to exist. It remains unclear whether the cessation of LIBOR will be delayed due to COVID-19 or what form any delay may take, and there are no assurances that there will be a delay. It is also unclear what the duration and severity of COVID-19 will be, and whether this will impact
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LIBOR transition planning. COVID-19 may also slow regulators’ and others’ efforts to develop and implement alternative reference rates, which could make LIBOR transition planning more difficult, particularly if the cessation of LIBOR is not delayed but an alternative reference rate does not emerge as industry standard.
Critical Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
Our Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or GAAP, and pursuant to the requirements for reporting on Form 10-K and Regulation S-X. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. We are an investment company following the accounting and reporting guidance in Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, Accounting Standards Codification, or ASC, Topic 946, Financial Services-Investment Companies, or ASC 946.
Investment Valuation
We value our investments in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, or ASC 820, which defines fair value as the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. A liability's fair value is defined as the amount that would be paid to transfer the liability to a new obligor, not the amount that would be paid to settle the liability with the creditor. ASC 820 prioritizes the use of observable market prices over entity-specific inputs. Where observable prices or inputs are not available or reliable, valuation techniques are applied. These valuation techniques involve some level of management estimation and judgment, the degree of which is dependent on the price transparency for the investments or market and the investments' complexity.

Hierarchical levels, defined by ASC 820 and directly related to the amount of subjectivity associated with the inputs to fair valuation of these assets and liabilities, are as follows:

Level 1 - Unadjusted, quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the measurement date.

Level 2 - Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data at the measurement date for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that reflect management's best estimate of what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. Consideration is given to the risk inherent in the valuation technique and the risk inherent in the inputs to the model.
If inputs used to measure fair value fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy, an investment's level is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to the investment. This includes investment securities that are valued using "bid" and "ask" prices obtained from independent third party pricing services or directly from brokers. These investments may be classified as Level 3 because the quoted prices may be indicative in nature for securities that are in an inactive market, may be for similar securities or may require adjustments for investment-specific factors or restrictions.
Financial instruments with readily available quoted prices generally will have a higher degree of market price observability and a lesser degree of judgment inherent in measuring fair value. As such, Oaktree obtains and analyzes readily available market quotations provided by pricing vendors and brokers for all of our investments for which quotations are available. In determining the fair value of a particular investment, pricing vendors and brokers use observable market information, including both binding and non-binding indicative quotations.
We seek to obtain at least two quotations for the subject or similar securities, typically from pricing vendors. If we are unable to obtain two quotes from pricing vendors, or if the prices obtained from pricing vendors are not within our set threshold, we seek to obtain a quote directly from a broker making a market for the asset. Oaktree evaluates the quotations provided by pricing vendors and brokers based on available market information, including trading activity of the subject or similar securities, or by performing a comparable security analysis to ensure that fair values are reasonably estimated. Oaktree also performs back-testing of valuation information obtained from pricing vendors and brokers against actual prices received in transactions. In addition to ongoing monitoring and back-testing, Oaktree performs due diligence procedures over pricing vendors to understand their methodology and controls to support their use in the valuation process. Generally, we do not adjust any of the prices received from these sources.
If the quotations obtained from pricing vendors or brokers are determined to not be reliable or are not readily available, we value such investments using any of three different valuation techniques. The first valuation technique is the transaction precedent technique, which utilizes recent or expected future transactions of the investment to determine fair value, to the extent applicable. The second
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valuation technique is an analysis of the enterprise value, or EV, of the portfolio company. EV means the entire value of the portfolio company to a market participant, including the sum of the values of debt and equity securities used to capitalize the enterprise at a point in time. The EV analysis is typically performed to determine (i) the value of equity investments, (ii) whether there is credit impairment for debt investments and (iii) the value for debt investments that we are deemed to control under the Investment Company Act. To estimate the EV of a portfolio company, Oaktree analyzes various factors, including the portfolio company’s historical and projected financial results, macroeconomic impacts on the company, and competitive dynamics in the company’s industry. Oaktree also utilizes some or all of the following information based on the individual circumstances of the portfolio company: (i) valuations of comparable public companies, (ii) recent sales of private and public comparable companies in similar industries or having similar business or earnings characteristics, (iii) purchase prices as a multiple of their earnings or cash flow, (iv) the portfolio company’s ability to meet its forecasts and its business prospects, (v) a discounted cash flow analysis, (vi) estimated liquidation or collateral value of the portfolio company's assets and (vii) offers from third parties to buy the portfolio company. We may probability weight potential sale outcomes with respect to a portfolio company when uncertainty exists as of the valuation date. The third valuation technique is a market yield technique, which is typically performed for non-credit impaired debt investments. In the market yield technique, a current price is imputed for the investment based upon an assessment of the expected market yield for a similarly structured investment with a similar level of risk, and we consider the current contractual interest rate, the capital structure and other terms of the investment relative to risk of the company and the specific investment. A key determinant of risk, among other things, is the leverage through the investment relative to the EV of the portfolio company. As debt investments held by us are substantially illiquid with no active transaction market, we depend on primary market data, including newly funded transactions and industry specific market movements, as well as secondary market data with respect to high yield debt instruments and syndicated loans, as inputs in determining the appropriate market yield, as applicable.
In accordance with ASC 820-10, certain investments that qualify as investment companies in accordance with ASC 946 may be valued using net asset value as a practical expedient for fair value. Consistent with FASB guidance under ASC 820, these investments are excluded from the hierarchical levels. These investments are generally not redeemable.
We estimate the fair value of privately held warrants using a Black Scholes pricing model, which includes an analysis of various factors and subjective assumptions, including the current stock price (by using an EV analysis as described above), the expected period until exercise, expected volatility of the underlying stock price, expected dividends and the risk-free rate. Changes in the subjective input assumptions can materially affect the fair value estimates.
Our Board of Directors undertakes a multi-step valuation process each quarter in connection with determining the fair value of our investments:
The quarterly valuation process begins with each portfolio company or investment being initially valued by Oaktree’s valuation team in conjunction with Oaktree’s portfolio management team and investment professionals responsible for each portfolio investment;
Preliminary valuations are then reviewed and discussed with management of Oaktree;
Separately, independent valuation firms engaged by our Board of Directors prepare valuations of our investments, on a selected basis, for which market quotations are not readily available or are readily available but deemed not reflective of the fair value of the investment, and submit the reports to us and provide such reports to Oaktree and the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors;
Oaktree compares and contrasts its preliminary valuations to the valuations of the independent valuation firms and prepares a valuation report for the Audit Committee;
The Audit Committee reviews the preliminary valuations with Oaktree, and Oaktree responds and supplements the preliminary valuations to reflect any discussions between Oaktree and the Audit Committee;
The Audit Committee makes a recommendation to our full Board of Directors regarding the fair value of the investments in our portfolio; and
Our Board of Directors discusses valuations and determines the fair value of each investment in our portfolio.
The fair value of our investments as of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019 was determined in good faith by our Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors has and will continue to engage independent valuation firms to provide assistance regarding the determination of the fair value of a portion of our portfolio securities for which market quotations are not readily available or are readily available but deemed not reflective of the fair value of the investment each quarter, and the Board of Directors may reasonably rely on that assistance. As of September 30, 2020, 94.9% of our portfolio at fair value was valued either based on market quotations, the transactions precedent approach or corroborated by independent valuation firms. However, our Board of Directors is responsible for the ultimate valuation of the portfolio investments at fair value as determined in good faith pursuant to our valuation policy and a consistently applied valuation process.
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Due to the inherent uncertainty of determining the fair value of investments that do not have a readily available market value, the fair value of our investments may fluctuate from period to period. Because of the inherent uncertainty of valuation, these estimated values may differ significantly from the values that would have been reported had a ready market for the investments existed, and it is reasonably possible that the difference could be material.
As of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, approximately 92.3% and 95.8%, respectively, of our total assets represented investments at fair value.
Revenue Recognition
Interest Income
Interest income, adjusted for accretion of OID is recorded on an accrual basis to the extent that such amounts are expected to be collected. We stop accruing interest on investments when it is determined that interest is no longer collectible. Investments that are expected to pay regularly scheduled interest in cash are generally placed on non-accrual status when there is reasonable doubt that principal or interest cash payments will be collected. Cash interest payments received on investments may be recognized as income or a return of capital depending upon management’s judgment. A non-accrual investment is restored to accrual status if past due principal and interest are paid in cash, and the portfolio company, in management’s judgment, is likely to continue timely payment of its remaining obligations.
As of September 30, 2020, there was one investment on which we had stopped accruing cash and/or PIK interest or OID income. During the year ended September 30, 2020, we restructured our investment in the Subordinated Notes to provide, among other things, that the Subordinated Notes will not pay interest beginning on the April 15, 2020 scheduled coupon date through the January 15, 2021 scheduled coupon date. Given that the Subordinated Notes will not pay interest for four consecutive quarters, our investment in the Subordinated Notes was on cash non-accrual status and we did not recognize any interest income from the OCSI Glick JV during the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
In connection with our investment in a portfolio company, we sometimes receive nominal cost equity that is valued as part of the negotiation process with the portfolio company. When we receive nominal cost equity, we allocate our cost basis in the investment between debt securities and the nominal cost equity at the time of origination. Any resulting discount from recording the loan, or otherwise purchasing a security at a discount, is accreted into interest income over the life of the loan.
PIK Interest Income
Our investments in debt securities may contain PIK interest provisions. PIK interest, which typically represents contractually deferred interest added to the loan balance that is generally due at the end of the loan term, is generally recorded on the accrual basis to the extent such amounts are expected to be collected. We generally cease accruing PIK interest if there is insufficient value to support the accrual or if we do not expect the portfolio company to be able to pay all principal and interest due. Our decision to cease accruing PIK interest on a loan or debt security involves subjective judgments and determinations based on available information about a particular portfolio company, including whether the portfolio company is current with respect to its payment of principal and interest on its loans and debt securities; financial statements and financial projections for the portfolio company; our assessment of the portfolio company's business development success; information obtained by us in connection with periodic formal update interviews with the portfolio company's management and, if appropriate, the private equity sponsor; and information about the general economic and market conditions in which the portfolio company operates. Our determination to cease accruing PIK interest is generally made well before our full write-down of a loan or debt security. In addition, if it is subsequently determined that we will not be able to collect any previously accrued PIK interest, the fair value of the loans or debt securities would be reduced by the amount of such previously accrued, but uncollectible, PIK interest. The accrual of PIK interest on our debt investments increases the recorded cost bases of these investments in our Consolidated Financial Statements including for purposes of computing the capital gains incentive fee payable by us to Oaktree. To maintain our status as a RIC, certain income from PIK interest may be required to be distributed to our stockholders, even though we have not yet collected the cash and may never do so.
Fee Income
Oaktree or its affiliates may provide financial advisory services to portfolio companies and, in return, we may receive fees for capital structuring services. These fees are generally nonrecurring and are recognized by us upon the investment closing date. We may also receive additional fees in the ordinary course of business, including servicing, amendment and prepayment fees, which are classified as fee income and recognized as they are earned or the services are rendered.
We have also structured exit fees across certain of our portfolio investments to be received upon the future exit of those investments. These fees are typically paid to us upon the earliest to occur of (i) a sale of the borrower or substantially all of the assets of the borrower, (ii) the maturity date of the loan or (iii) the date when full prepayment of the loan occurs. The receipt of such fees is contingent upon the
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occurrence of one of the events listed above for each of the investments. These fees are included in net investment income over the life of the loan.
Dividend Income
We generally recognize dividend income on the ex-dividend date for public securities and the record date for private equity investments. Distributions received from private equity investments are evaluated to determine if the distribution should be recorded as dividend income or a return of capital. Generally, we will not record distributions from private equity investments as dividend income unless there are sufficient earnings at the portfolio company prior to the distribution. Distributions that are classified as a return of capital are recorded as a reduction in the cost basis of the investment.
Portfolio Composition
Our investments principally consist of senior loans in private middle-market companies and investments in OCSI Glick JV. As of September 30, 2020, our senior loans were typically secured by a first or second lien on the assets of the portfolio company and generally had terms of up to ten years (but an expected average life of between three and four years).
During the year ended September 30, 2020, we originated $224.5 million of investment commitments in 43 new and 16 existing portfolio companies and funded $226.0 million of investments.
During the year ended September 30, 2020, we received $292.1 million of proceeds from prepayments, exits, other paydowns and sales and exited 48 portfolio companies.
A summary of the composition of our investment portfolio at cost and fair value as a percentage of total investments is shown in the following tables:
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Cost:
Senior secured loans86.16 %88.33 %
OCSI Glick JV subordinated notes12.07 10.54 
OCSI Glick JV equity interests1.32 1.13 
Equity securities, excluding the OCSI Glick JV0.45 — 
Total100.00 %100.00 %
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Fair value:
Senior secured loans89.69 %90.85 %
OCSI Glick JV subordinated notes9.84 9.10 
Equity securities, excluding the OCSI Glick JV0.47 0.05 
OCSI Glick JV equity interests— — 
Total100.00 %100.00 %
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The industry composition of our portfolio at cost and fair value as a percentage of total investments was as follows:
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Cost:
Multi-Sector Holdings (1)13.36 %11.68 %
Application Software10.43 12.98 
Aerospace & Defense5.68 5.24 
Diversified Support Services4.89 4.38 
Advertising4.48 3.84 
Movies & Entertainment3.09 1.54 
Integrated Telecommunication Services2.87 2.78 
Commercial Printing2.84 2.47 
Data Processing & Outsourced Services2.61 2.66 
Industrial Machinery2.55 1.49 
Health Care Supplies2.50 — 
Personal Products2.49 0.48 
Pharmaceuticals2.47 2.01 
Health Care Services2.43 2.74 
Biotechnology2.28 1.27 
Health Care Technology2.18 1.74 
Oil & Gas Storage & Transportation2.04 0.09 
Specialty Chemicals1.86 0.75 
Systems Software1.84 2.48 
Real Estate Services1.81 1.57 
Publishing1.79 1.64 
Leisure Facilities1.74 1.43 
Internet Services & Infrastructure1.66 4.54 
Trading Companies & Distributors1.64 1.43 
Distributors1.63 — 
Specialized Finance1.55 2.43 
Alternative Carriers1.55 2.70 
Fertilizers & Agricultural Chemicals1.51 — 
Research & Consulting Services1.38 1.58 
Electrical Components & Equipment1.17 1.02 
Auto Parts & Equipment1.06 0.92 
Internet & Direct Marketing Retail1.00 — 
Oil & Gas Refining & Marketing0.99 1.89 
Metal & Glass Containers0.98 1.41 
Insurance Brokers0.95 — 
Hotels, Resorts & Cruise Lines0.86 — 
Environmental & Facilities Services0.72 0.67 
Restaurants0.63 — 
Household Products0.62 0.80 
Independent Power Producers & Energy Traders0.61 — 
Managed Health Care0.55 — 
Electric Utilities0.36 — 
General Merchandise Stores0.30 0.25 
Specialized REITs0.05 1.38 
Oil & Gas Exploration & Production— 2.34 
Interactive Media & Services— 1.89 
Computer & Electronics Retail— 1.72 
Communications Equipment— 1.55 
IT Consulting & Other Services— 1.54 
Health Care Equipment— 1.42 
Human Resource & Employment Services— 1.29 
Household Appliances— 1.09 
Commodity Chemicals— 0.78 
Oil & Gas Equipment & Services— 0.10 
100.00 %100.00 %
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September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Fair value:
Application Software11.13 %13.52 %
Multi-Sector Holdings (1)9.84 9.10 
Aerospace & Defense5.67 5.44 
Diversified Support Services4.96 4.57 
Advertising4.44 3.51 
Movies & Entertainment3.26 1.61 
Commercial Printing2.94 2.58 
Integrated Telecommunication Services2.91 2.87 
Personal Products2.72 0.51 
Data Processing & Outsourced Services2.70 2.81 
Health Care Supplies2.68 — 
Pharmaceuticals2.67 2.02 
Health Care Services2.54 2.88 
Biotechnology2.48 1.35 
Industrial Machinery2.37 1.54 
Health Care Technology2.34 1.85 
Oil & Gas Storage & Transportation2.11 0.09 
Systems Software1.95 2.59 
Specialty Chemicals1.94 0.62 
Publishing1.93 1.75 
Real Estate Services1.88 1.65 
Distributors1.73 — 
Trading Companies & Distributors1.73 1.50 
Internet Services & Infrastructure1.65 4.77 
Specialized Finance1.64 2.42 
Fertilizers & Agricultural Chemicals1.62 — 
Alternative Carriers1.62 2.84 
Research & Consulting Services1.45 1.72 
Leisure Facilities1.45 1.50 
Electrical Components & Equipment1.22 1.01 
Internet & Direct Marketing Retail1.10 — 
Auto Parts & Equipment1.10 0.90 
Insurance Brokers1.05 — 
Metal & Glass Containers1.03 1.40 
Hotels, Resorts & Cruise Lines1.03 — 
Oil & Gas Refining & Marketing1.02 2.00 
Environmental & Facilities Services0.75 0.67 
Restaurants0.71 — 
Household Products0.66 0.80 
Independent Power Producers & Energy Traders0.63 — 
Managed Health Care0.58 — 
Electric Utilities0.39 — 
General Merchandise Stores0.30 0.24 
Specialized REITs0.08 1.45 
Oil & Gas Exploration & Production— 2.34 
Interactive Media & Services— 1.99 
Computer & Electronics Retail— 1.81 
Communications Equipment— 1.57 
Health Care Equipment— 1.51 
Human Resource & Employment Services— 1.34 
IT Consulting & Other Services— 1.34 
Household Appliances— 1.12 
Commodity Chemicals— 0.83 
Oil & Gas Equipment & Services— 0.07 
100.00 %100.00 %
___________________
(1)This industry includes our investment in the OCSI Glick JV.

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OCSI Glick JV
In October 2014, we entered into an LLC agreement with GF Equity Funding to form the OCSI Glick JV. On April 21, 2015, the OCSI Glick JV began investing in senior secured loans of middle-market companies. We co-invest in these securities with GF Equity Funding through the OCSI Glick JV. The OCSI Glick JV is managed by a four person Board of Directors, two of whom are selected by us and two of whom are selected by GF Equity Funding. The OCSI Glick JV is capitalized as transactions are completed, and portfolio decisions and investment decisions in respect of the OCSI Glick JV must be approved by the OCSI Glick JV investment committee, consisting of one representative selected by us and one representative selected by GF Equity Funding (with approval from a representative of each required). The members provide capital to the OCSI Glick JV in exchange for LLC equity interests, and we and GF Debt Funding, an entity advised by affiliates of GF Equity Funding, provide capital to the OCSI Glick JV in exchange for the Subordinated Notes. As of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, we and GF Equity Funding owned 87.5% and 12.5%, respectively, of the outstanding LLC equity interests, and we and GF Debt Funding owned 87.5% and 12.5%, respectively, of the Subordinated Notes. The OCSI Glick JV is not an "eligible portfolio company" as defined in section 2(a)(46) of the Investment Company Act.
The OCSI Glick JV's portfolio consisted of middle-market and other corporate debt securities of 40 and 39 portfolio companies as of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively. The portfolio companies in the OCSI Glick JV are in industries similar to those in which we may invest directly.
The JV Deutsche Bank Facility, which, as of September 30, 2020, had a reinvestment period end date and maturity date of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2025, respectively, and permitted borrowings of up to $90.0 million (subject to borrowing base and other limitations). Borrowings under the JV Deutsche Bank Facility are secured by all of the assets of the OCSI Glick JV and all of the equity interests in the OCSI Glick JV and bore interest at a rate equal to the 3-month LIBOR plus 2.65% per annum with a 0.25% LIBOR floor as of September 30, 2020. Under the JV Deutsche Bank Facility, $80.7 million and $91.9 million of borrowings were outstanding as of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively.
As of September 30, 2020, the JV Deutsche Bank Facility includes a waiver period (which extends through January 3, 2021) during which the facility agent is restricted from revaluing certain collateral obligations where the change in valuation is caused by or results from a business disruption due primarily to the COVID-19 pandemic (subject to OCSI Glick JV’s ability to earlier terminate such period in certain circumstances).    
As of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, the OCSI Glick JV had total assets of $137.9 million and $179.7 million, respectively. Our investment in the OCSI Glick JV consisted of LLC equity interests and Subordinated Notes of $49.4 million and $54.3 million in the aggregate at fair value as of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively. The Subordinated Notes are junior in right of payment to the repayment of temporary contributions made by us to fund investments of the OCSI Glick JV that are repaid when GF Equity Funding and GF Debt Funding make their capital contributions and fund their Subordinated Notes, respectively.
As of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, the OCSI Glick JV had total capital commitments of $100.0 million, $87.5 million of which was from us and the remaining $12.5 million from GF Equity Funding and GF Debt Funding. Approximately $84.0 million in aggregate commitments was funded as of each of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, of which $73.5 million was from us. As of each of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, we had commitments to fund Subordinated Notes to the OCSI Glick JV of $78.8 million, of which $12.4 million was unfunded. As of each of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, we had commitments to fund LLC equity interests in the OCSI Glick JV of $8.7 million, of which $1.6 million was unfunded as of each such date.
Below is a summary of the OCSI Glick JV's portfolio, followed by a listing of the individual loans in the OCSI Glick JV's portfolio as of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019:
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Senior secured loans (1)$143,138,964$177,911,560
Weighted average current interest rate on senior secured loans (2)5.56%6.92%
Number of borrowers in the OCSI Glick JV4039
Largest loan exposure to a single borrower (1)$6,994,829$7,425,000
Total of five largest loan exposures to borrowers (1)$31,371,046$34,662,500
__________
(1) At principal amount.
(2) Computed using the weighted average annual interest rate on accruing senior secured loans at fair value.

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OCSI Glick JV Portfolio as of September 30, 2020
Portfolio Company Investment Type Cash Interest Rate (1)(2)IndustryPrincipalCostFair Value (3)Notes
AI Ladder (Luxembourg) Subco S.a.r.l.First Lien Term Loan, LIBOR+4.50% cash due 7/9/20254.65%Electrical Components & Equipment$2,671,716 $2,616,725 $2,558,168 (4)
Alvogen Pharma US, Inc.First Lien Term Loan, LIBOR+5.25% cash due 12/31/20236.25%Pharmaceuticals6,994,829 6,808,979 6,773,337 
Amplify Finco Pty Ltd.First Lien Term Loan, LIBOR+4.00% cash due 11/26/20264.75%Movies & Entertainment2,985,000 2,955,150 2,567,100 (4)
Anastasia Parent, LLCFirst Lien Term Loan, LIBOR+3.75% cash due 8/11/2025Personal Products1,684,513 1,352,429 743,814 (6)
Ancile Solutions, Inc.First Lien Term Loan, LIBOR+7.00% cash due 6/30/20218.00%Application Software3,201,353 3,194,577 3,178,943 (4)
Aurora Lux Finco S.À.R.L.First Lien Term Loan, LIBOR+6.00% cash due 12/24/20267.00%Airport Services3,731,250 3,648,256 3,470,063 
Brazos Delaware II, LLCFirst Lien Term Loan, LIBOR+4.00% cash due 5/21/20254.16%Oil & Gas Equipment & Services4,887,066 4,870,862 3,733,376 
California Pizza Kitchen, Inc.First Lien Term Loan, LIBOR+8.00% cash due 8/23/2022Restaurants5,004,489 4,813,378 1,526,369 (6)
Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc.First Lien Term Loan, LIBOR+6.25% cash due 4/30/20267.25%Restaurants1,118,198 1,062,723 1,109,811 (4)
CITGO Petroleum Corp.First Lien Term Loan, LIBOR+5.00% cash due 3/28/20246.00%Oil & Gas Refining & Marketing3,591,768 3,555,850 3,421,159 (4)
Connect U.S. Finco LLC