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EX-32.2 - EX-32.2 - MasterCraft Boat Holdings, Inc.mcft-ex322_13.htm
EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - MasterCraft Boat Holdings, Inc.mcft-ex321_7.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - MasterCraft Boat Holdings, Inc.mcft-ex312_12.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - MasterCraft Boat Holdings, Inc.mcft-ex311_11.htm
EX-23.2 - EX-23.2 - MasterCraft Boat Holdings, Inc.mcft-ex232_9.htm
EX-23.1 - EX-23.1 - MasterCraft Boat Holdings, Inc.mcft-ex231_253.htm
EX-21.1 - EX-21.1 - MasterCraft Boat Holdings, Inc.mcft-ex211_10.htm
EX-4.2 - EX-4.2 - MasterCraft Boat Holdings, Inc.mcft-ex42_43.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended: June 30, 2020

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                                    to                                                  

 

 

MASTERCRAFT BOAT HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

001-37502

06-1571747

(State or Other Jurisdiction

(Commission

(I.R.S. Employer

of Incorporation or Organization)

File Number)

Identification No.)

 

100 Cherokee Cove Drive, Vonore, TN 37885

(Address of Principal Executive Office) (Zip Code)

 

(423) 884-2221

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock

 

MCFT

 

NASDAQ

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.     Yes               No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.     Yes               No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes               No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

     Yes               No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).     Yes                No

The aggregate market value of the outstanding common stock, other than shares held by persons who may be deemed affiliates of the registrant, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, which ended December 29, 2019 and based on the closing sale price as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market system, was approximately $286,400,000. As of September 4, 2020, there were 18,872,119 shares of the Registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, issued and outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the proxy statement for the 2020 annual meeting of stockholders, which will be filed no later than 120 days after the close of the registrant’s fiscal year ended June 30, 2020, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.

 

 

 

 


MASTERCRAFT BOAT HOLDINGS, INC.

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

FOR THE YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2020

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS  

 

1

BASIS OF PRESENTATION  

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

PART I  

 

 

 

 

Item 1.  

Business

 

2

 

Item 1A.  

Risk Factors

 

12

 

Item 1B.  

Unresolved Staff Comments

 

27

 

Item 2.  

Properties

 

27

 

Item 3.  

Legal Proceedings

 

27

 

Item 4.  

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

27

 

 

 

 

 

PART II  

 

 

 

 

Item 5.  

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

28

 

Item 6.  

Selected Financial Data

 

29

 

Item 7.  

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

31

 

Item 7A.  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

45

 

Item 8.  

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

45

 

Item 9.  

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

45

 

Item 9A.  

Controls and Procedures

 

45

 

Item 9B.  

Other Information

 

46

 

 

 

 

 

PART III  

 

 

 

 

Item 10.  

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

46

 

Item 11.  

Executive Compensation

 

46

 

Item 12.  

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

46

 

Item 13.  

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

46

 

Item 14.  

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

46

 

 

 

 

 

PART IV  

 

 

 

 

Item 15.  

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

 

47

 

Item 16.  

Form 10-K Summary

 

49

 

 

 

 

ii


CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements contained in this Form 10-K that do not relate to matters of historical fact should be considered forward-looking statements, including but not limited to statements regarding our expected market share, business strategy, dealer network, anticipated financial results, and liquidity, as well as statements regarding the ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic. We use words such as “could,” “may,” “might,” “will,” “expect,” “likely,” “believe,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” and other similar expressions to identify some forward-looking statements, but not all forward-looking statements include these words. All of our forward-looking statements involve estimates and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. Accordingly, any such statements are qualified in their entirety by reference to the information described under the caption “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

The forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-K are based on assumptions that we have made in light of our industry experience and our perceptions of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments, and other factors we believe are appropriate under the circumstances. You should understand that these statements are not guarantees of performance or results. They involve risks, uncertainties (many of which are beyond our control), and assumptions. Although we believe that these forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, you should be aware that many important factors could affect our actual operating and financial performance and cause our performance to differ materially from the performance anticipated in the forward-looking statements. We believe these important factors include, but are not limited to, those described under “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this Form 10-K and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any of these assumptions prove incorrect, our actual operating and financial performance may vary in material respects from the performance projected in these forward-looking statements.  In addition, new important factors that could cause our business not to develop as we expect may emerge from time to time.

Further, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement contained in this Form 10-K to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which it is made or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events or circumstances. The forward-looking statements contained herein should not be relied upon as representing our views as of any date subsequent to the filing date of this Form 10-K.

BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Our fiscal year begins on July 1 and ends on June 30 with the interim quarterly reporting periods consisting of thirteen weeks. Therefore, the quarter end will not always coincide with the date of the end of the calendar month. We refer to our fiscal years based on the calendar-year in which they end. Accordingly, references to fiscal 2020, fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018 represent our financial results for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2020, June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018, respectively. For ease of reference, we identify our fiscal years in this Form 10-K by reference to the period from July 1 to June 30 of the year in which the fiscal year ends. For example, “fiscal 2020” refers to our fiscal year ended June 30, 2020.

MasterCraft Boat Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”), a Delaware corporation, operates primarily through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, MasterCraft Boat Company, LLC, MasterCraft Services, LLC, MasterCraft Parts, Ltd., and MasterCraft International Sales Administration, Inc (collectively “MasterCraft”); Nautic Star, LLC and NS Transport, LLC (collectively “NauticStar”); and Crest Marine, LLC (“Crest”). Unless the context otherwise requires, the Company and its subsidiaries collectively are referred to as the “Company”, “we”, or “us” in this Form 10-K.

 

 

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PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

We are a leading designer, manufacturer, and marketer of recreational powerboats sold under four brands – MasterCraft, NauticStar, Crest, and Aviara.  We operate under three operating and reportable segments: MasterCraft, NauticStar, and Crest. The MasterCraft segment includes both our MasterCraft and Aviara brands.

Our MasterCraft brand is a world-renowned innovator, designer, manufacturer, and marketer of premium performance sport boats, with a leading market position in the U.S., and a strong international presence consisting of dealers in 37 countries around the world. MasterCraft boats are used for water skiing, wakeboarding, wake surfing, as well as general recreational boating. We believe that MasterCraft is the most recognized brand name in the performance sport boat category.

In October 2017 we acquired NauticStar, a leading manufacturer and distributor of high-quality outboard bay boats, deck boats and offshore center console boats. NauticStar’s product portfolio provides diversification and expands our direct addressable market into the outboard category, the largest powerboat industry category in terms of retail units, according to the National Marine Manufacturers Association (“NMMA”).

In October 2018 we acquired Crest, a leading manufacturer of pontoon boats, providing us with additional product diversification and direct addressable market expansion. The pontoon category is also one of the fastest growing segments in the powerboat industry and participates in the outboard category.

In February 2019 we introduced a new brand, Aviara, specifically designed, engineered and manufactured to meet the exacting specifications of consumers seeking the ultimate luxury recreational day boat experience. The brand’s first model, the AV32, began selling during the first quarter of 2020 and the AV36 began selling during the second quarter of 2020. In February 2020, we launched the third Aviara model, the AV40, which we expect to begin selling in the first half of fiscal 2021. With three models ranging from 32 – 40 feet in length, using both outboard and sterndrive propulsion, the Aviara brand continues our track record of product diversification and addressable market expansion, both through acquisitions and utilization of our in-house product development capabilities. Aviara is built in our MasterCraft facility and is part of the MasterCraft reportable segment. Through our four brands, we operate in three of the fastest growing segments of the powerboat industry — performance sport boats, outboard saltwater fishing and pontoon boats — while entering the large, growing luxury day boat segment.

We are committed to delivering an extraordinary boating experience to our consumers. From pioneering innovations that improve enjoyment on the water to offering products that promote rapid development of skills, our mission is to help our consumers generate memories that will last a lifetime. We utilize a comprehensive product development process in order to build the most relevant and exciting products for our consumers, year after year. We believe that our commitment to quality is unsurpassed, and we engage in operational excellence to deploy flexible and effective production systems that ensure we design and build the highest quality boats in the market.

All of our boats, from hull to upholstery, are hand-crafted by our skilled workforce at our corporate headquarters near Knoxville, Tennessee, and our facilities in Amory, Mississippi and Owosso, Michigan. In recent years, we have made significant investments in improving design, engineering, manufacturing, and operational processes as we strive to be the most efficient boat manufacturer in the industry.

We believe our MasterCraft facility is the only boat manufacturing plant to achieve compliance with all three of the International Standard for Organization (“ISO”) 9001 (Quality Management Systems), 14001 (Environmental Management Systems), and 18001 (International Occupational Health and Safety Management System) standards. MasterCraft’s industry-leading operations result in world-class quality, which enables us to offer a five-year factory warranty and results in MasterCraft boats typically maintaining higher aftermarket resale value than our competitors’ boats.

We sell our boats through an extensive network of independent dealers in North America and internationally. Our MasterCraft boats are the exclusive performance sport boats offered by the majority of our dealers. Since the acquisitions of NauticStar and Crest, and the introduction of our Aviara brand, we have expanded our dealer network over the past years. We devote significant time and resources to find, develop, and improve the performance of our dealers. We continuously cultivate and strengthen our dealer relationships with marketing, training, and service programs designed to increase our dealers’ sales and profitability. We believe the strength of our dealer network and our proactive efforts to help our dealers improve their businesses give us a distinct competitive advantage in our industry.

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Our History

MasterCraft was founded in 1968 when we built our first custom hull ski boat in a two-stall horse barn on a farm in Maryville, Tennessee. Dissatisfied with the large wakes and pull of other ski boats, we designed a hull that had the smallest wake in the industry: smooth and low at slalom and jump speeds yet well-defined at trick speeds. Our roots in performance water ski boats were reinforced as we evolved over the next 50 years to produce leading performance-oriented boats in the wakeboarding and wake surfing categories. Today, we continue to produce the industry’s premier competitive water ski, wakeboarding, and wake surfing performance boats that also address our consumers’ needs for versatility, flexibility, fun, and functionality.

NauticStar, which we acquired in October 2017, was founded in 2002 and is located in Amory, Mississippi. With many years of boat manufacturing experience, and a 200,000 square-foot manufacturing facility, NauticStar has a reputation for reliability, quality and consistency, with a loyal network of dealers and consumers including professional and sport fishermen, and recreational and pleasure boating enthusiasts.

Crest, which we acquired in October 2018, was founded in 1957 and is located on approximately 55 acres in Owosso, Michigan. With nearly 150,000 square feet of manufacturing floor space, Crest is one of the top producers of innovative, high-quality pontoon boats ranging from 20 to 29 feet.

Aviara is a de novo brand, developed in-house, and focused on serving the luxury recreational day boat segment of the powerboat industry. Introduced at the Miami Boat Show in February 2019, Aviara currently features three models utilizing both outboard and sterndrive propulsion. The brand’s first model, the AV32 began selling during the first quarter of 2020 and the AV36 began selling during the second quarter of 2020. In February 2020, we launched the third Aviara model, the AV40, which we expect to begin selling in the first half of fiscal 2021. Aviara creates an elevated open water experience by fusing progressive style and effortless comfort in its modern luxury vessels.

Our Market Opportunity

During calendar 2019, retail sales of new powerboats in the U.S. totaled $11.0 billion. Of the powerboat categories tracked by the NMMA, our MasterCraft brand corresponds most directly to the inboard ski/wakeboard category, which we refer to as the performance sport boat category. The category that most directly corresponds to our NauticStar and Crest brand is the outboard category. Aviara directly corresponds to the outboard and sterndrive categories. Given our product diversification driven by acquisitions and internal product development, we believe our addressable market also includes similar and adjacent powerboat categories identified by the NMMA, including inboard cruiser boats and jet boats.

We believe we are well-positioned to benefit from several trends underway in our addressable market, including:

 

performance sport boats are taking a greater share of the overall fiberglass powerboat category;

 

outboard boats are taking a greater share of the overall powerboat category;

 

premium bowriders between 30’ – 40’ in length, both outboard and sterndrive, are taking a greater share of the overall fiberglass powerboat category; and

 

ease-of-use and performance innovations have accelerated product cycles driving consumer demand for new products.

In addition, as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic, consumers have been turning to boating as a safe recreational alternative that allows for social distancing while enjoying the outdoors. However, our marketplace continues to evolve as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic and could change further in the future. Please see Item 1A, “Risk Factors – Risks Relating to Our Business – The COVID-19 Pandemic has had, and may continue to have, certain negative impacts on our business and those of our consumers, dealers and suppliers, and such impacts may have a material adverse effect on our operations and business.”

According to the NMMA, new unit sales of performance sport boats in the U.S. increased at a compound annual growth rate (“CAGR”) of 9.7% from calendar 2015 to 2019 while new unit sales of all outboard boats grew at a CAGR of 4.3% in the U.S. over the same period. Total new unit sales of powerboats in the U.S. (excluding personal watercraft and jet boats) increased at a CAGR of 3.9% from 2015 to 2019.  We believe the performance sport boat and outboard boat categories have grown at a faster rate than the rest of the powerboat industry due to increased innovation in the features, designs, and layouts of performance sport boats and outboard propulsion boats. These innovations have improved the performance, functionality, and versatility of these boats as compared with other recreational boats, particularly boats in the sterndrive category, which have not experienced the same degree of innovation. We believe inboard boats are superior to sterndrive boats for tow sports such as water skiing, wakeboarding, and wake surfing for several reasons, including (i) the larger and more propulsive wakes that only inboard engine configurations can enable, (ii) enhanced rider safety as a result of the location of the inboard propeller underneath the boat instead of protruding from the stern, as is generally the case with boats in the sterndrive category, and (iii) relatively more passenger and storage space due to the location of the inboard engine housing. We believe outboard boats are superior to sterndrive boats for recreational boating uses such as fishing and family boating for several reasons, including (i) relatively more passenger and storage space due to the location of the outboard engine housing, (ii) engine noise is significantly reduced in an outboard engine compared to a sterndrive engine, (iii) outboard engines are easier to access and maintain compared to a sterndrive engine, and (iv) outboard engines perform better and have greater durability in saltwater conditions.

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The expanding popularity of boating has also contributed to the strong volumes. We believe we are well-positioned to benefit from the increased popularity of recreational boating and the resulting larger prospective consumer base.

Our Strengths

Iconic MasterCraft Brand Synonymous with Quality, Innovation, and Performance.  We believe the MasterCraft brand is well-known among boating enthusiasts for high performance, premier quality, and relentless innovation. We believe that the market recognizes MasterCraft as a premier brand in the powerboat industry due to the overall superior value proposition that our boats deliver to our consumers. The MasterCraft brand is built on a carefully crafted set of defining principles, including Legacy, Power, Precision and Progression. We work tirelessly every day to maintain our iconic brand reputation relative to our competition. The rigorous attention to detail with which we design and manufacture our products results in high quality boats that command significant resale premiums to comparable competitor boats.

Leading Market Share Position in Performance Sport Boat, Outboard, and Pontoon Categories.  In recent history, we have consistently held a leading market share position in the U.S. among manufacturers of premium performance sport boats based on unit volume. According to the Statistical Surveys, Inc. (“SSI”), our performance sport boat U.S. market share in December 2019 was 21.6%. Per SSI, our U.S. market share for deck boats and saltwater fishing boats in the 15’ – 35’ segment, sold by our NauticStar brand, was 4.5%. Per SSI, Crest’s pontoon boat market share was 3.6%. As of December 2019, based on SSI data, MasterCraft has the #1 market share, by brand, in the performance sport boat segment; NauticStar has the #6 market share, by brand, in the highly-fragmented deck and saltwater fishing segment; and Crest has the #8 market share, by brand, in the highly-fragmented pontoon segment. We believe our sales will grow as dealers and consumers continue to recognize the superior quality, performance, styling, and value of our recently released boats and that we are just starting to realize the market share benefits of the many recent new product offerings and product enhancement initiatives that our management team has implemented during the past several years.

Industry-Leading Product Design and Innovation.  We believe that our innovation in the design of new boat models and new features has been a key to our success, helping us maintain our market share, command higher price points, and generally broaden the appeal of our products among recreational and fishing boaters. As a result of the features we have introduced, we believe that our boats are used for an increasingly wide range of activities. Our commitment to consistently developing new boat models and introducing new features is reflected in several notable recent achievements, including NMMA Innovation Awards for our MasterCraft ProStar water skiing boat, Gen 2 integrated surf system, X24 performance tow boat, and the DockStar Handling System. Our entire MasterCraft product portfolio has been renewed in the past five years, giving us the newest overall product offering in the performance sport boat category. Since acquiring NauticStar, we have introduced several new models, with future plans to introduce several new models over the coming years. At Crest, we are designing and engineering new models that we believe will drive innovation in the pontoon segment. Our Aviara brand, designed and engineered completely in-house, features several new innovations that we plan to introduce to the marketplace over the coming years.

Highly Efficient Product Development and Manufacturing.  We believe that a key to our success has been our renewed focus on operational improvements and world-class business processes. We believe our new product development capabilities are industry-leading and enable us to consistently create unique high-performance hull shapes and product features in shorter design iterations and at lower development costs than our competitors. These capabilities enable us to precisely design custom hulls and performance features that enhance each boat’s unique performance characteristics and increase our speed to market with exciting new products.  Our acquisition of NauticStar and Crest allows us to leverage this internal product development and manufacturing expertise to capitalize on operational improvement opportunities at our Amory, Mississippi and Owosso, Michigan facilities. Our Aviara brand, which is built in our existing MasterCraft facility, has benefited from the industry-leading quality, safety, and manufacturing process we have in place there.

Strong Dealer Network.  We have worked extensively with our dealers to develop what we believe is one of the strongest dealer networks in the performance sport boat and outboard categories. We target our distribution to the market segments’ highest performing dealers. We have established operating processes focused on optimizing dealers’ financial performance and service, and with a track record of balancing wholesale inventory and retail sales we are better able to monitor dealer inventory, allowing for more transparent sales estimates and strong dealer relationships. Transparent and thorough warranty programs encourage consumers to continue to visit our dealers for servicing, creating additional opportunities for boat trade-ins and purchases of accessories, thereby improving our dealers’ sales rates and financial health. These actions have strengthened our existing dealer network and are driving increased interest from new potential dealers who want to join the MasterCraft, NauticStar and Crest platforms. For our Aviara brand, we have partnered with MarineMax, the largest marine dealership in the U.S., to market our luxury recreational day boats. We believe introducing a new brand with an established dealer base provides the Aviara brand with instant credibility and the greatest opportunity for long-term success in the marketplace.

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Differentiated Sales and Marketing Capabilities.  We believe our marketing efforts support each of our brand promises by focusing on superior value proposition and differentiating the performance and features of our boats. Our marketing efforts are conducted using an array of strategies, which include digital advertising, social media engagement, advertisements in endemic media and the sponsorship of boating and water sport events. To highlight our MasterCraft performance credibility and generate additional brand excitement, we sponsor a number of nationally ranked athletes, and social influencers. We believe our superior sales and marketing capabilities effectively communicate our performance, styling, quality, authenticity, and lifestyle, resulting in increased overall consumer engagement.

Highly Experienced Executive Team.  We have a highly seasoned and effective executive team. With extensive boating industry experience, our management team has proven its ability to develop and integrate new product lines, enhance operations, strengthen our distribution network, and recruit industry talent. Senior management additions over the past few years have driven improvements to our manufacturing, quality, and product development systems and processes, which have collectively accelerated performance improvements. Our Chief Executive Officer, Frederick Brightbill, has nearly 20 years of boating industry experience and has served as a member of our Board of Directors since 2009, including as Chairman since 2015. On December 3rd, 2019, Mr. Brightbill was appointed as the permanent Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Brightbill previously served as President of the Aluminum Boat Group at Brunswick Corporation and in various leadership roles at Mercury Marine, including President of the Outboard Business Unit and Integrated Operations Division. Tim Oxley, our Chief Financial Officer, has spent 30 years in the boating industry, including 14 years with the Company, following 16 years with Brunswick Corporation where he served as Chief Financial Officer of several operating divisions. In addition to Messrs. Brightbill and Oxley, the other members of our senior leadership team, collectively, have over 115 years of experience in the boating industry.

Our Strategy

Continue to Develop New and Innovative Products.  As a leading innovator, designer, manufacturer, and marketer, we strive to design new and inventive products that appeal to a broad consumer base for all of our premium brands. Since fiscal 2013, we have successfully launched a number of new products and features with best-in-class quality leading to increased sales and significant margin expansion. Our process involves each department in collaborative full “team” product launches that enable us to release several new models per year, per brand, while maintaining superior quality and controlling costs. Product development and innovation are the life blood of successful boat manufacturers and we will continue to invest significant resources to ensure a pipeline of new products to meet the needs of our consumers.

Capture Additional Share from Adjacent Boating Categories.  Our NauticStar, Crest, and Aviara brands provide us with direct access to the outboard and sterndrive categories, with outboards representing the largest category of the powerboat industry with $7.7 billion of sales in 2019, per the NMMA, and provides diversification from our existing MasterCraft product portfolio. The additions of NauticStar, Crest, and Aviara, combined with our culture of innovation, enhances our ability to introduce new products with increased versatility, functionality, and performance to a more expansive consumer base that values boats for competitive and recreational fishing, and general recreational boating purposes. Ultimately, the versatile boating experience delivered by our brands allows us to attract consumers from other boating categories, most notably from the sterndrive categories. We intend to further enhance the performance, comfort, and versatility of our products to target additional consumers seeking high performance water sport, fishing and general recreational activity.

Effectively Monitor Dealer Inventory and Further Strengthen Our Dealer Network.  Our goal is to achieve and maintain a leading market share in each of the markets in which we operate. We view our dealers as our partners and product champions. Therefore, we devote significant time and resources to finding high quality dealers and developing and improving their performance over time. We actively monitor field inventory levels, as demonstrated by healthy and consistent inventory retail turns and balanced wholesale and retail unit sales, which leads to better margins and improved financial health for our dealers. Additionally, our predictable new product development cycles across our portfolio ensure that our dealers have high quality, compelling, and relevant products to sell to their customers. We believe the quality and trust in our dealer relationships are more beneficial to our long-term success than the quantity of dealers. We continue to leverage that dealer base while proactively developing strategies that will strengthen our overall network. For example, we intend to strengthen our current footprint by selectively recruiting market-leading dealers. We believe our targeted initiatives to enhance and grow our dealer network will increase unit sales in the future.

Continued Focus on Sales in International Markets.  We currently have an extensive international dealer network with 66 international locations in 37 countries around the world. We believe MasterCraft is the most well-known brand in the performance sport boat category globally, and that NauticStar, Crest, and Aviara have the potential for global growth. Based on our brand recognition, innovative product offerings, and distribution strengths, we believe we are well positioned to leverage our reputation and capture additional international sales. Continuing retaliatory tariffs in the European Union and unfavorable exchange rates in other parts of the world are a current headwind. We believe that we will maintain our international sales by promoting our new products in developed markets where we have a well-established dealer base. Net sales outside of North America represented 4.8% of net sales in fiscal 2020.

Our Products

We design, manufacture, and sell premium recreational performance sport boats, outboard, and sterndrive boats that we believe deliver superior performance for water skiing, wakeboarding, wake surfing, and fishing, as well as general recreational boating. In addition, we

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offer various accessories, including trailers and aftermarket parts. We market our boats under four brands: MasterCraft, NauticStar, Crest, and Aviara.

Our MasterCraft portfolio of ProStar, XStar, X, XT and NXT models are designed for the highest levels of performance, styling, and enjoyment for both recreational and competitive use. The XStar and X models are geared towards the consumer seeking the most premium and highest performance boating experience that we offer, and generally command a price premium over our competitors’ boats at retail prices ranging from approximately $160,000 to $190,000. The MasterCraft XT models were introduced in July 2016 with retail prices ranging from approximately $100,000 to $140,000. Unveiled in January 2014, the MasterCraft NXT models introduced the quality, performance, styling, and innovation of the MasterCraft brand to the entry-level consumer, with retail prices ranging from approximately $ 75,000 to $95,000. We have strategically designed and priced the MasterCraft NXT models to target the fast-growing entry-level consumer group that is distinct from our traditional consumer base, while maintaining our core MasterCraft brand attributes at profit margins comparable to our other offerings.

Our NauticStar portfolio of Bay Boats, Sport Deck Boats and Offshore Boats are designed for a variety of uses, including recreational and competitive sport fishing in freshwater lakes or saltwater, and general recreational enjoyment. NauticStar’s Bay Boats and Offshore Boats are geared towards the consumer seeking unmatched quality and features for fishability and family friendly comfort. The Sport Deck Boat line caters to consumers seeking the drive and ride of a V-hull, large capacity, and the styling and efficiency of a runabout. NauticStar’s retail prices range from approximately $35,000 to $300,000. We believe all of the NauticStar models represent a tremendous value for consumers.

Our Crest portfolio of pontoon boats are designed for the ultimate in comfort and recreational pleasure boating. Crest has continued to grow market share as it expands its distribution footprint. Crest’s pontoon boats are designed to offer consumers the best in luxury, style and performance without compromise across a diverse product portfolio. Crest’s retail prices range from approximately $30,000 to $160,000.

Our Aviara portfolio of luxury recreational day boats was designed in-house with the vision to create pleasure crafts that defy compromise. The Aviara brand drew on MasterCraft’s 50-year legacy of quality and is built in our award-winning MasterCraft facility. Aviara’s boat designs were inspired by our four product design principles – Progressive Style, Elevated Control, Modern Comfort and Quality Details. Aviara’s models consist of the AV32, a 32-foot luxury bowrider, the AV36, a 36-foot luxury bowrider, and the AV40, the brand’s flagship 40-foot luxury bowrider for the ultimate on-the-water experience. All models are available in either outboard or sterndrive propulsion, and Aviara’s retail prices range from approximately $345,000 to $670,000.

Our Dealer Network

We rely on an extensive network of independent dealers to sell our products in North America and internationally. For MasterCraft, NauticStar, Crest, and Aviara, we target our distribution to the market segment’s highest performing dealers. The majority of our MasterCraft dealers are exclusive to our MasterCraft product lines within the performance sport boat category, highlighting the commitment of our key dealers to the MasterCraft brand. We establish performance criteria that our dealers must meet as part of their dealer agreements to ensure the continued quality of our dealer network. As members of our network, dealers may qualify for wholesale rebates, retail rebates and promotions, floor plan reimbursement or cash discounts, and other allowances.

We consistently review our distribution network to identify opportunities to expand our geographic footprint and improve our coverage of the market. We constantly monitor the health and strength of our dealers by analyzing each dealer’s retail sales and inventory and have established processes to identify underperforming dealers in order to assist them in improving their performance or to allow us to switch to a more effective dealer. These processes also allow us to better monitor dealer inventory levels and product turns and contribute to a healthier dealer network that is better able to stock and sell our products. We believe our outstanding dealer network and our proactive approach to dealer management allow us to distribute our products more efficiently than our competitors and will help us capitalize on growth opportunities as our industry volumes continue to increase.

For fiscal 2020 the Company’s top ten dealers accounted for approximately 30% of our net sales and none of our dealers accounted for more than 5% of our total net sales.

North America.  In North America, our MasterCraft brand, had a total of 132 dealers across 141 locations as of June 30, 2020. Our NauticStar brand had a total of 67 dealers across 82 locations in North America as of June 30, 2020. Our Crest brand had a total of 116 dealers across 130 locations in North America as of June 30, 2020. We do not have a significant concentration of sales among our MasterCraft, NauticStar or Crest dealers. Our Aviara brand is sold through a distribution network consisting of one dealer with 59 locations.

Outside of North America.  As of June 30, 2020, through our MasterCraft brand, we had a total of 41 international dealers and 41 locations and through our NauticStar brand we had eight international dealers in 41 locations. We are present in Europe, Australia, Africa, Asia, including Hong Kong and the Middle East. We generated 4.8%, 5.2%, and 7.5% of our net sales outside of North America in fiscal 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively.

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Dealer Relations

We have developed a system of financial incentives for our dealers based on achievement of key benchmarks. In addition, we provide our dealers with comprehensive sales training and a complete set of technology-based tools designed to help dealers maximize performance. Our dealer incentive program has been refined through years of experience with some of the key elements including wholesale rebates, retail rebates and promotions, other allowances, and floor plan reimbursement or cash discounts to encourage balanced production throughout the year.

Beyond our incentive programs, we have developed a proprietary web-based management tool that is used by our dealers on a day-to-day basis to improve their own businesses as well as enhance communication with our factory and sales management teams. Our business-to-business application efficiently executes many critical functions, including warranty registrations, warranty claims, boat ordering and tracking, parts ordering, technical support, and inventory reporting. This system facilitates communication between our sales team and the dealer network and allows our manufacturing department to review consumer demand in real time.

Sales Cycles and Floor Plan Financing

We manage our annual sales plan through distinct buying periods. Our rebates are tiered so that dealers have a financial incentive to take the stocking risk for boats purchased prior to the traditional retail selling season (April - June). These incentives, accompanied by floor plan subsidies for up to nine months from the date of invoice, drive “level loading” of production. During this first part of the model year, many of the dealers’ orders are standard configurations for their showrooms. In the second part of the model year, more boats are customized by retail consumers. Many of these custom orders are placed during boat shows, which typically occur from January through early April across North America.

We offer our dealers the opportunity to purchase boats with cash or through floor plan financing programs with third-party floor plan financing providers. The floor plan financing programs allow dealers to establish lines of credit with third-party lenders to purchase inventory. Upon purchase of a boat, dealers draw on the floor plan facility and the lenders pay the invoice price of the boat directly to us typically within 5 business days. Consistent with industry practice, we offer various manufacturer-sponsored floor plan interest programs under which we agree to reimburse our dealers for certain floor plan interest costs incurred for up to nine months from the date of invoice. In some cases, cash discounts are offered as an alternative to floor plan subsidies. These programs encourage dealers to rapidly replenish inventories during the spring and summer retail season, maintain sufficient inventories during the non-peak season, and balance wholesale purchases throughout the year.

Pursuant to the terms of the floor plan financing, if a dealer defaults on the terms of its credit line, we agree to repurchase new inventory repossessed from dealerships. Our obligation to repurchase such repossessed products for the unpaid balance of our original invoice price for the boat is subject to reduction or limitation based on the age and condition of the boat at the time of repurchase, and in certain cases, by an aggregate cap on repurchase obligations associated with a particular floor plan financing program. We incurred no material impact from repurchase events during fiscal 2020, 2019, or 2018. 

Marketing and Sales

Marketing

We believe that our differentiated marketing capabilities and our multi-channel, content-driven marketing strategies align with our strategic focus on product innovation, performance, and quality to attract aspiring and enthusiast consumers to our brands and products. These sales and marketing efforts allow us to more effectively launch and support our products, help drive actionable sales leads for our dealers, and reinforce our MasterCraft, NauticStar, Crest, and Aviara brand and lifestyle attributes.

Our over 50-year history of manufacturing and design leadership has made MasterCraft one of the most well-known and iconic brands in the boating industry. We believe the MasterCraft brand is widely recognized even among non-enthusiasts. Similarly, Crest’s nearly 60-year history has led to the brand being strongly recognized within the boating industry. Our NauticStar brand is relatively young compared to MasterCraft but has quickly established itself as a strong brand dedicated to innovation, style and quality. We are focused on enhancing the power of our brands through a multifaceted marketing strategy. Our addressable market is targeted through a variety of specialized means, ranging from event sponsorships to far-reaching strategic alliances.

We have created a unified print and digital advertising strategy that is refreshed each year, featuring the unique attributes of each of our products while maintaining focus on the MasterCraft, NauticStar, Crest, and Aviara brands. We maintain a meaningful presence for our product lines in several endemic water sports and boating publications.  Given the prevalence of our products in the markets these publications target, we also benefit from significant unpaid impressions in these industry publications, as our boats frequently appear in feature stories and advertisements for other products. In addition to these traditional marketing channels, in the last several years we have

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created an active and highly successful digital advertising and social media platform, including the use of Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, and Vimeo, among others, to deliver content to our target audience, increase awareness of our brands, foster loyalty, and build a community of MasterCraft, NauticStar, Crest and Aviara enthusiasts. In addition, we benefit from numerous user-generated videos and photos that are uploaded to these websites and social media platforms. An important component of this strategy has been our investment in our own mastercraft.com, nauticstarboats.com, crestpontoonboats.com, and aviaraboats.com websites. The sites are designed to allow significant interaction between us and our consumer base through marketing content delivery, message boards, news and event postings, and product updates and specifications. Our popular “Design-a-Boat” functionality allows consumers to design a customized boat and request a dealer quote. The custom design can be transmitted directly to our closest independent dealer as well as our in-house concierge who follows up directly with our dealer leads for MasterCraft and Aviara.

Our leading position in the performance sport boat category is further supported by our sponsorship of some of the most recognizable and successful athletes and influencers in water sports, as well as a number of highly visible competitions and events around the world. Our activities in this area serve to deepen the penetration of our brands within the professional and enthusiast community, while also supporting the growth of watersports. The events which we sponsor and in which we and our dealers participate feature the most popular figures in wakeboarding and water skiing, drawing large audiences of enthusiasts to a variety of sites around the country. Furthermore, we sponsor top ranked professional wakeboarding athletes, water ski jumpers, and water skiers. In addition to the advertising generated by the athletes’ success in their sports, we also leverage our sponsorship of these athletes by having them attend boat shows and dealer events and appear in creative media events, in which they garner public relations interest, build our MasterCraft brand, and in many cases help sell our products directly to consumers.

Sales

Our sales organization’s primary role is to monitor our network of existing dealers and work with them to increase sales of our products, as well as identifying and recruiting new and replacement dealers that we believe will provide enhanced sales and customer service for our end consumers. We employ proactive processes to monitor the health and performance of our dealers, and to help them improve their businesses and their sales of our products. Our strategy is to improve the individual market shares of each of our dealers in their respective markets, and to add new dealers in new markets or replace dealers in existing markets where we believe we can achieve improved market share and customer service. We utilize regular performance reviews to drive improvement in underperforming dealers and to determine how to transition to new dealers when necessary. In addition, we employ a number of tools to assist our dealers in improving their performance, including product, sales, and service training, marketing materials and content, and direct interaction with prospective consumers such as our factory concierge service. We encourage and expect our sales representatives to serve as advisors to our dealers, and believe this proactive sales approach leads to better dealer relationships and higher sales of our products.

Manufacturing

All of our MasterCraft and Aviara boats are designed, manufactured, and lake-tested in our Vonore, Tennessee facility. All of our NauticStar boats are manufactured in our Amory, Mississippi facility. All of our Crest boats are manufactured in our Owosso, Michigan facility. We believe MasterCraft has the only boat manufacturing facility to achieve compliance with all three of the ISO 9001 (Quality Management Systems), 14001 (Environmental Management Systems), and 18001 (International Occupational Health and Safety Management System) standards.

The rigorous attention to detail in the design and manufacturing of our products results in boats of high quality which affords our customers a great on water experience across all of our brands. Our dedication to quality allows us to offer some of the longest and most inclusive warranty terms in the industry allowing our customers to enjoy our products with confidence.

Our boats are built through a continuous flow manufacturing process that encompasses fabrication, assembly, quality management, and testing. We manufacture certain components and subassemblies for our boats, such as upholstery, and procure other components from third-party vendors and install them on the boat. We have several exclusive supplier partnerships for critical purchased components, such as aluminum billet, towers, and engine packages. For MasterCraft, we also build custom trailers that match the exact size and color of our boats.

Research and Development, Product Development and Engineering

We are strategically and financially committed to innovation, as reflected in our dedicated product development and engineering groups and evidenced by our track record of new product introduction. At MasterCraft and Aviara, our product development and engineering group comprises 24 professionals. At NauticStar, our product development and engineering group comprises five professionals. At Crest, our product development and engineering group comprises five professionals. These individuals bring to our product development efforts significant expertise across core disciplines, including boat design, computer-aided design, naval engineering, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering. They are responsible for execution of all facets of our new product strategy, starting with design and development of new boat models and innovative features, engineering these designs for manufacturing, and integrating

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new boats and innovations into production without disruption, at high quality, on time and on budget. Our product development and engineering functions work closely with our Strategic Portfolio Management Team which includes senior leadership from Sales, Marketing and Finance, all working together to develop our long-term product and innovation strategies.

We take a disciplined approach to the management of our product development strategy. We have structured processes to obtain voices of the consumer, dealer, and management to guide our long-term product lifecycle and portfolio planning. In addition, extensive testing and coordination with our manufacturing group are important elements of our product development process, which we believe enable us to leverage the lessons from past launches and minimize the risk associated with the release of new products. We have developed a strategy to launch several new models a year, which will allow us to renew our product portfolio with innovative offerings at a rate that we believe will be difficult for our competitors to match without significant additional capital investments. In addition to our new product strategy, we manage a separate innovation development process which allows us to design innovative new features for our boats in a disciplined manner and to launch these innovations in a more rapid time frame and with higher quality. These enhanced processes have reduced the time to market for our new product pipeline. Our research and product development expense for fiscal 2020, 2019 and 2018 was $5.2 million, $5.6 million, and $4.9 million, respectively.

Intellectual Property

We rely on a combination of patent, trademark, and copyright protection, trade secret laws, confidentiality procedures, and contractual provisions to protect our rights in our brands, products, and proprietary technology. We also protect our vessel hull designs through vessel hull design registrations. This is an important part of our business and we intend to continue protecting our intellectual property. We currently hold 34 U.S. patents and six foreign patents, including utility and design patents for our transom surf seating, our DockStar handling system, and our Gen 2 surf system technology. Provided that we comply with all statutory maintenance requirements, our patents are expected to expire between 2021 and 2037. We also have 14 pending U.S. patent applications and ten pending foreign patent applications. We also own in excess of 100 trademark registrations in various countries around the world, most notably for the MasterCraft, NauticStar, Crest, and Aviara names and/or logos, as well as numerous model names in MasterCraft’s Star Series, X, XT, and NXT product families, and we have several pending applications for additional registrations. Such trademarks may endure in perpetuity on a country-by-country basis provided that we comply with all statutory maintenance requirements, including continued use of each trademark in each such country. In addition, we own 38 registered U.S. copyrights. Finally, we have registered more than 40 vessel hull designs with the U.S. Copyright Office, the most recent of which will remain in force through 2027.

From time to time, we are involved in intellectual property litigation, either accusing third parties of infringing our intellectual property rights, or defending against third-party claims that we are infringing the intellectual property of others. We are not currently involved in any outstanding intellectual property litigation that we believe, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. However, we cannot predict the outcome of any pending or future litigation, and an unfavorable outcome could have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.

Suppliers

We purchase a wide variety of raw materials from our supplier base, including resins, fiberglass, aluminum and steel, as well as product parts and components such as engines and electronic controls. We maintain long-term contracts with preferred suppliers and informal arrangements with other suppliers.

We are focused on working with our supply chain partners to enable cost improvement, world-class quality, and continuous product innovation. We have engaged our key suppliers in collaborative preferred supplier relationships and have developed processes including annual cost reduction targets, regular reliability projects, and extensive product testing requirements to ensure that our suppliers produce at lowest total cost and to the highest levels of quality expected of our brands. These collaborative efforts begin at the design stage, with our key suppliers integrated into design and development planning well in advance of launch, which allows us to control costs and to leverage the expertise of our suppliers in developing product innovations. We believe these collaborative relationships with our most important suppliers have contributed to our significant improvements in product quality, innovation, and profitability.

The most significant components used in manufacturing our boats, based on cost, are engine packages. For our MasterCraft brand, Ilmor Engineering, Inc. (“Ilmor”) is MasterCraft’s exclusive engine supplier, and for our NauticStar brand, Yamaha Motor Corporation (“Yamaha”) is our largest engine supplier, while Mercury Marine (“Mercury”) is Crest’s largest engine supplier. For our Aviara brand, Mercury also provides outboard engines and Ilmor provides sterndrive engines. We maintain strong and long-standing relationships with Ilmor, Yamaha, and Mercury. During the year ended June 30, 2020, Ilmor was our largest overall supplier. In addition to performance sport boat and sterndrive engines, Ilmor’s affiliates produce engines used in a number of leading racing boats and race cars. Ilmor maintains a full-time customer service and warranty representative at our MasterCraft office, resulting in extremely efficient management of all engine-related matters, mitigating potential warranty risk. We work closely with Ilmor to remain at the forefront of engine design, performance, and manufacturing. Engine packages are the most expensive single component in the MasterCraft, Aviara, NauticStar and Crest boat-building process and we believe our long-term relationship with our engine supplier partners is a key competitive advantage.

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Transportation

We utilize third party logistics and transportation services along with a fleet of leased tractor trailers at NauticStar, to deliver our boats to our dealer network. A select few dealers near our manufacturing facilities have elected to manage transportation and arrange for boats to be picked up directly from our manufacturing facilities. International shipments are transferred to a third-party logistics provider who schedules them for shipment via ocean freight to their destination country.

Information Technology

We continue to make investments in information systems and technology. Our information systems and technology strategy support automation and integration of our business processes and strategic planning initiatives, including not only our internal information management and communications processes but also our marketing and dealer management efforts. Our Information Systems and Technology team is integral to our marketing and sales front office initiatives, helping us to develop stronger engagement between us, our dealers and our end consumers. We will continue to invest in our information systems and our IT infrastructure in order to leverage current and future technologies to support our product development, operations, and marketing strategies.

Insurance and Product Warranties

We purchase insurance to cover standard risks in our industry, including policies that cover general product liability, workers’ compensation, auto liability, and other casualty and property risks. Our insurance rates are based on our safety record as well as trends in the insurance industry. We also maintain workers’ compensation insurance and auto insurance policies that are retrospective in that the cost per year will vary depending on the frequency and severity of claims in the policy year.

We face an inherent risk of exposure to product liability claims in the event that, among other things, the use of our products results in injury. With respect to product liability coverage, we carry customary insurance coverage. Our coverage involves self-insured retentions with primary and excess liability coverage above the retention amount. We have the ability to refer claims to our suppliers and their insurers to pay the costs associated with any claims arising from such suppliers’ products. Our insurance covers claims that are not adequately covered by a supplier’s insurance and provides for excess secondary coverage above the limits provided by our suppliers.

We provide product warranties for all of our boat models. During the warranty period, we reimburse dealers and authorized service facilities for all or a portion of the cost of repair or replacement performed on the products. Some materials, components or parts of the boat that are not covered by our product warranties are separately warranted by their manufacturers or suppliers. These other warranties include warranties covering engines, among other components.

Competition

The powerboat industry, including the performance sport boat, outboard, and sterndrive categories, are highly fragmented, resulting in intense competition for consumers and dealers. Competition affects our ability to succeed in both the market segments we currently serve and new market segments that we may enter in the future. We compete with several large manufacturers that may have greater financial, marketing, and other resources than we do. We also compete with a wide variety of small privately held independent manufacturers. Competition in our industry is based primarily on brand name, price, innovative features, design, and product performance. Please see Item 1A, “Risk Factors” — Risks Related to Our Business — Our industry is characterized by intense competition, which affects our sales and profits.

Seasonality  

Our operating results are subject to annual and seasonal fluctuations resulting from a variety of factors, including:

 

seasonal variations in retail demand for boats, with a significant majority of sales occurring during peak boating season, which we attempt to manage by providing incentive programs and floor plan subsidies to encourage dealer purchases throughout the year, which may include offering off-season retail promotions to our dealers in seasonally slow months, during and ahead of boat shows, to encourage retail demand;

 

product mix, which is driven by boat model mix and higher option order rates; while sales of all our boats generate comparable margins, sales of larger boats and boats with optional content generally produce higher absolute profits;

 

inclement weather, which can affect production at our manufacturing facilities as well as consumer demand;

 

competition from other recreational boat manufacturers; and

 

general economic conditions.

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Environmental, Safety, and Regulatory Matters

Our operations are subject to extensive and frequently changing federal, state, local, and foreign laws and regulations, including those concerning product safety, environmental protection, and occupational health and safety. We believe that our operations and products are in compliance with these regulatory requirements. Historically, the cost of achieving and maintaining compliance with applicable laws and regulations has not been material. However, we cannot provide assurance that future costs and expenses required for us to comply with such laws and regulations, including any new or modified regulatory requirements, or to address newly discovered environmental conditions, will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results, or cash flows.

We have not been notified of and are otherwise currently not aware of any contamination at our current or former facilities for which we could be liable under environmental laws or regulations and we currently are not undertaking any remediation or investigation activities in connection with any contamination. However, future spills or accidents or the discovery of currently unknown conditions or non-compliances may give rise to investigation and remediation obligations or related liabilities and damage claims, which may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results, or cash flows.

The regulatory programs that impact our business include the following:

Hazardous Substance and Waste Regulations

Certain materials used in our manufacturing, including the resins used in production of our boats, are toxic, flammable, corrosive, or reactive and are classified by the federal and state governments as “hazardous materials.” Control of these substances is regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state pollution control agencies under the Federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and related state programs. Storage of these materials must be maintained in appropriately labeled and monitored containers, and disposal of wastes requires completion of detailed waste manifests and recordkeeping requirements. Any failure by us to properly store or dispose of our hazardous materials could result in liability, including fines, penalties, or obligations to investigate and remediate any contamination originating from our operations.

OSHA

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Act imposes standards of conduct for and regulates workplace safety, including limits on the amount of emissions to which an employee may be exposed without the need for respiratory protection or upgraded plant ventilation. Our facilities are regularly inspected by OSHA and by state and local inspection agencies and departments. We believe that our facilities comply in all material aspects with these regulations. We have made a considerable investment in safety awareness programs and provide ongoing safety training for all of our employees. We have implemented a program that requires frequent safety inspections of our facilities by managers and an internal safety committee. The safety committee, which is led by a dedicated health and safety professional, prepares a monthly action plan based on its findings.

Clean Air Act

The Clean Air Act (the “CAA”) and corresponding state rules regulate emissions of air pollutants. Because our manufacturing operations involve molding and coating of fiberglass materials, which involves the emission of certain volatile organic compounds, hazardous air pollutants, and particulate matter, we are required to maintain and comply with a CAA operating permit (or “Title V” permit). Our Title V Permit requires us to monitor our emissions and periodically certify that our emissions are within specified limits. To date, we have not had material difficulty complying with those limits.

In addition to the regulation of our manufacturing operations, the EPA has adopted regulations stipulating that many marine propulsion engines meet an air emission standard that requires fitting a catalytic converter to the engine. The engines used in our products, all of which are manufactured by third parties, are warranted by the manufacturers to be in compliance with the EPA’s emission standards. The additional cost of complying with these regulations has increased our cost to purchase the engines and, accordingly, has increased the cost to manufacture our products.

If we are not able to pass these additional costs along to our consumers, it may have a negative impact on our business and financial condition.

Boat Safety Standards

Powerboats sold in the U.S. must be manufactured to meet the standards of certification required by the U.S. Coast Guard. In addition, boats manufactured for sale in the European Union must be certified to meet the European Union’s imported manufactured products standards. These certifications specify standards for the design and construction of powerboats. We believe that all our boats meet these standards. In addition, safety of recreational boats is subject to federal regulation under the Boat Safety Act of 1971, which requires boat manufacturers to recall products for replacement of parts or components that have demonstrated defects affecting safety. In the past, we

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have instituted recalls for defective component parts produced by us or certain of our third-party suppliers. None of these recalls has had a material adverse effect on the Company.

Employees

We believe we maintain excellent relations with our employees, treating them as business partners and focusing on building their careers. We have approximately 884 employees as of June 30, 2020, 480 of whom work at our MasterCraft/Aviara facility in Tennessee, 218 of whom work at our NauticStar facility in Mississippi, and 186 of whom work at our Crest facility in Michigan. None of our employees are represented by a labor union, and since MasterCraft’s founding in 1968, we have never experienced a labor-related work stoppage.

Other Information

We were incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware under the name MCBC Holdings, Inc. on January 28, 2000. In July 2015, we completed an initial public offering of our common stock. Effective November 7, 2018, the name of the Company was changed from MCBC Holdings, Inc. to MasterCraft Boat Holdings, Inc. We maintain a website with the address www.mastercraft.com. We are not including the information contained in our website as part of, or incorporating it by reference into, this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We make available, free of charge through our website, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to these reports as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file these materials with, or otherwise furnish them to, the SEC.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

RISK FACTORS

Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the following risk factors, as well as other information in this Form 10-K, before deciding whether to invest in shares of our common stock. The occurrence of any of the events described below could harm our business, financial condition, results of operations, and growth prospects. In such an event, the trading price of our common stock may decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.

Risks Relating to Our Business

The COVID-19 Pandemic has had, and may continue to have, certain negative impacts on our business and those of our consumers, dealers and suppliers, and such impacts may have a material adverse effect on our operations and business.

The COVID-19 Pandemic has significantly impacted worldwide economic conditions and could have a material adverse effect on our operations and business and those of our consumers, dealers and suppliers. In response to the COVID-19 Pandemic, governmental authorities, including in many of the jurisdictions in which we operate, have taken measures to limit the spread of the outbreak, including mandatory business closures, travel restrictions, quarantines, declarations of states of emergency, “stay-at-home” or “shelter-in-place” orders and social distancing protocols, in addition to seeking voluntary facility closures and other restrictions. These actions and the potential resurgence or enhancement of these actions could materially adversely affect our ability, and our consumers’, dealers’ and suppliers’ ability, to adequately staff, manage and maintain their respective businesses. Furthermore, our future results of operations, cash-flows and liquidity could be adversely impacted by the COVID-19 Pandemic due to delays in payments of outstanding receivable amounts beyond normal payment terms, supply chain disruptions, uncertain demand and additional goodwill and other intangible asset impairment charges.

To balance wholesale production with the then anticipated impacts to retail demand caused by the economic impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic, we reduced production in February 2020 and, in late March 2020, temporarily suspended manufacturing operations at all of our facilities to protect the health of our employees and comply with governmental mandated shutdowns. As a result of these actions, we temporarily laid off nearly all our hourly workforce. We paid lump sum severance payments to certain of our laid off employees and provided for the temporary continuation of their healthcare benefits, resulting in charges totaling approximately $1.4 million during the fiscal third and fourth quarters (the “COVID-19 Shutdown Costs”). We resumed operations at reduced production levels at our manufacturing facilities by mid-May 2020 and we are continuing to ramp up production. Our facilities resumed operations with new temperature screening, social distancing, personal protective equipment, and cleaning protocols to protect our employees and mitigate risk of further business interruption.

The COVID-19 Pandemic has impacted our supply chain, particularly as a result of mandatory shutdowns in locations where products are manufactured. It is also possible that we could experience future disruptions to our supply chain that are significant as well as significant deterioration in macroeconomic factors that typically affect us, such as consumer spending and demand for our products. In addition, we have experienced and are likely to continue to experience disruptions in manufacturing and logistics due to the COVID-19

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Pandemic, and we may experience disruptions in manufacturing or logistics in the future due to inconsistent and unanticipated order patterns, our inability to develop long-term relationships with key suppliers, other diseases or pandemics or unforeseen natural disasters or public health emergencies. Further, if there are future closures we may face obstacles and delays in re-opening our manufacturing facilities as we may have to hire and train a substantial number of new employees as some of the employees that we have temporarily laid off may seek or have found other employment.

The disruptions caused by the COVID-19 Pandemic, including the temporary manufacturing suspension and supplier and workforce constraints, resulted in a decline in wholesale unit sales volume of nearly 50% during the February 2020 to June 2020 period as compared to the same prior-year period.  

In addition, the COVID-19 Pandemic has caused a significant economic slowdown, which could cause a global recession, which we expect would negatively impact the sale of our boats. If general economic conditions deteriorate further we cannot predict the duration or strength of an economic recovery, either in the United States or in the specific markets where we sell our products. Further, consumers often finance purchases of our boats from dealers and accordingly, consumer credit market conditions also influence demand for our boats from dealers. If credit conditions worsen and adversely affect the ability of consumers to finance potential purchases at acceptable terms and interest rates, it could result in a decrease in the sales of our products.

On March 19, 2020, we drew $35.0 million on our revolving credit agreement as a precautionary measure in order to increase our cash position and preserve financial flexibility in light of uncertainty in the global markets resulting from the COVID-19 Pandemic. Additionally, on May 7, 2020, we entered into Amendment No. 3 (the “Amendment”) to the Fourth Amended & Restated Credit and Guarantee Agreement (the “Credit Facility”) to strengthen our financial flexibility. Among other things, the changes effected by the Amendment provide temporary relief under our financial covenants. See Note 8 in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information regarding these changes. While the performance of the business and our cash management activities provided the flexibility to repay $25.0 million of the Credit Facility as of June 30, 2020, as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic, we may be required to raise additional capital and any such additional debt financing that may be needed, beyond the $25.0 million of borrowing availability on the Credit Facility, may not be available on commercially reasonable terms, if at all.  

The severity of the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on our business will depend on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, the duration, spread, severity and impact of the pandemic, the remedial actions and stimulus measures adopted by local and federal governments, the effects of the pandemic on our consumers and suppliers, and to the extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume, all of which are uncertain and cannot be predicted. The inherent uncertainty surrounding COVID-19, due in part to rapidly changing governmental directives, public health challenges and progress, and market reactions thereto, also makes it more challenging for our management to estimate the potential impact and the future performance of our business. Accordingly, the anticipated negative financial impact to our operating results cannot be reasonably estimated at this time, but could be material and last for an extended period of time.  

General economic conditions, particularly in the U.S., affect our industry, demand for our products and our business, and results of operations.

Demand for premium sport boats, outboard boats, and sterndrive boats can be, and in the past has been, significantly influenced by weak economic conditions, low consumer confidence, high unemployment, and increased market volatility worldwide, especially in the U.S. In times of economic uncertainty and contraction, consumers tend to have less discretionary income and tend to defer or avoid expenditures for discretionary items, such as our products. Sales of our products are highly sensitive to personal discretionary spending levels. Our business is cyclical in nature and its success is impacted by economic conditions, the overall level of consumer confidence and discretionary income levels. Any substantial deterioration in general economic conditions (including as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic) that diminishes consumer confidence or discretionary income may reduce our sales and materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Corporate restructurings, layoffs, declines in the value of investments and residential real estate, higher fuel and energy prices, higher interest rates, and increases in federal and state taxation may also each materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Consumers often finance purchases of our products, and as a result, consumer credit market conditions influence demand for our boats. If credit conditions worsen (including as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic), and adversely affect the ability of consumers to finance potential purchases at acceptable terms and interest rates, it could result in a decrease in the sales of our products.

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Our annual and quarterly financial results are subject to significant fluctuations depending on various factors, many of which are beyond our control.

Our sales and operating results can vary significantly from quarter to quarter and year to year depending on various factors, many of which are beyond our control. These factors include, but are not limited to:

 

seasonal consumer demand for our products;

 

discretionary spending habits;

 

changes in pricing in, or the availability of supply in, the used powerboat market;

 

failure to maintain a premium brand image;

 

disruption in the operation of our manufacturing facilities, including those as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic;

 

variations in the timing and volume of our sales;

 

the timing of our expenditures in anticipation of future sales;

 

sales promotions by us and our competitors;

 

changes in competitive and economic conditions generally;

 

consumer preferences and competition for consumers’ leisure time, including those as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic;

 

impact of unfavorable weather conditions;

 

changes in trade policy or the imposition of additional tariffs;

 

civil insurrection or social unrest (such as the recent protests and social movements across several North American cities);

 

changes in the cost or availability of our labor; and

 

increased fuel prices.

Due to these and other factors, our results of operations may decline quickly and significantly in response to changes in order patterns or rapid decreases in demand for our products. We anticipate that fluctuations in operating results will continue in the future.

Unfavorable weather conditions may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations, especially during the peak boating season.

Adverse weather conditions in any year in any particular geographic region may adversely affect sales in that region, especially during the peak boating season. Sales of our products are generally stronger just before and during spring and summer, which represent the peak boating months in most of our markets, and favorable weather during these months generally has a positive effect on consumer demand. Conversely, unseasonably cool weather, excessive rainfall, reduced rainfall levels, or drought conditions during these periods may close area boating locations or render boating dangerous or inconvenient, thereby generally reducing consumer demand for our products. Our annual results would be materially and adversely affected if our net sales were to fall below expected seasonal levels during these periods. We may also experience more pronounced seasonal fluctuation in net sales in the future as we continue to expand our businesses. Additionally, to the extent that unfavorable weather conditions are exacerbated by global climate change or otherwise, our sales may be affected to a greater degree than we have previously experienced. There can be no assurance that weather conditions will not have a material effect on the sales of any of our products.

Our results after acquisitions may suffer if we do not effectively manage our expanded operations following our recent acquisitions.

The size of our business has increased significantly as a result of our acquisitions. Our future success depends, in part, on our ability to manage this expanded business, which will pose substantial challenges for management, including challenges related to the management and monitoring of additional operations and associated increased costs and complexity. There can be no assurances we will be successful or that we will realize the expected benefits currently anticipated from these or any other acquisitions.

The acquisitions may underperform relative to our expectations.

We may not be able to maintain the levels of revenue, earnings or operating efficiency as a combined business that MasterCraft, NauticStar, and Crest have previously achieved or might achieve separately. The business and financial performance of the acquisitions are subject to certain risks and uncertainties, including the risk of the loss of, or changes to, its relationships with its dealers and suppliers, increased product liability and warranty claims, and negative publicity or other events that could diminish the value of the NauticStar or Crest brand, which in turn could also adversely affect the MasterCraft brand. If we are unable to achieve the same growth,

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revenues and profitability that our acquisitions have achieved in the past, our business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows could be adversely affected.

In relation to such acquisitions, we recognized significantly higher amounts of intangible assets, including goodwill. These intangible assets are subject to impairment testing and an impairment of our intangible assets was triggered as of March 29, 2020, due to the economic outlook at that time, the significant declines in our share price, market volatility and the disruption in our operations, as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic. As a result of the analysis, we recorded impairment charges totaling $56.4 million related to the NauticStar and Crest segments (the “Impairment Charges”). The Impairment Charges were principally a result of a decline, in the fiscal third quarter, in market conditions, including our share price, and the outlook for retail and wholesale sales and operating performance, as of March 29, 2020, relative to our acquisition plans and annual impairment test performed as of June 30, 2019. See Note 6 in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information regarding the Impairment Charges. This impairment charge, along with the impairment charge recognized in fiscal 2019 related to NauticStar, resulted in the elimination of all goodwill associated with the NauticStar and Crest acquisitions. However as of June 30, 2020, there was $47.5 million of intangible assets other than goodwill remaining on our consolidated balance sheet. We could continue to incur a significant impact to our financial statements in the form of impairment charges related to these remaining intangible assets if assumptions and expectations related to our acquisitions are not realized.

We depend on our network of independent dealers and face increasing competition for dealers.

Substantially all of our sales are derived from our network of independent dealers. Our agreements with dealers in our networks typically provide for one-year terms, although some agreements have longer terms. The loss of one or more of these dealers could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. The number of dealers supporting our products and the quality of their marketing and servicing efforts are essential to our ability to generate sales. Competition for dealers among performance sport boat manufacturers continues to increase based on the quality, price, value, and availability of the manufacturers’ products, the manufacturers’ attention to customer service, and the marketing support that the manufacturer provides to the dealers. We face intense competition from other premium performance sport, outboard, and sterndrive boat manufacturers in attracting and retaining dealers (some of whom also sell products from other premium performance sport, outboard, and sterndrive boat manufacturers), affecting our ability to attract or retain relationships with qualified and successful dealers. Although our management believes that the quality of our products in the premium performance sport, outboard boat, sterndrive boat industries should permit us to maintain our relationships with our dealers and our market share position, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain or improve our relationships with our dealers or our market share position. In addition, independent dealers in the powerboat industry have experienced significant consolidation in recent years, which could result in the loss of one or more of our dealers in the future if the surviving entity in any such consolidation purchases similar products from a competitor. A substantial deterioration in the number of dealers or quality of our network of dealers would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Our success depends, in part, on the financial health of our dealers and their continued access to financing.

Because we sell nearly all of our products through dealers, their financial health is critical to our success. Our business, financial condition, and results of operations may be adversely affected if the financial health of the dealers that sell our products suffers. Their financial health may suffer for a variety of reasons, including a downturn in general economic conditions, rising interest rates, higher rents, increased labor costs and taxes, compliance with regulations, and personal financial issues (all of which may be negatively impacted by the COVID-19 Pandemic).

In addition, our dealers require adequate liquidity to finance their operations, including purchases of our products. Dealers are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties that could unfavorably affect their liquidity positions, including, among other things, continued access to adequate financing sources on a timely basis on reasonable terms. These sources of financing are vital to our ability to sell products through our distribution network. Access to floor plan financing generally facilitates our dealers’ ability to purchase boats from us, and their financed purchases reduce our working capital requirements. If floor plan financing were not available to our dealers or if the cost of the financing increases, our sales and our working capital levels would be adversely affected. The availability and terms of financing offered by our dealers’ floor plan financing providers will continue to be influenced by:

 

their ability to access certain capital markets and to fund their operations in a cost-effective manner;

 

changes in interest rates;

 

the performance of their overall credit portfolios;

 

their willingness to accept the risks associated with lending to dealers; and

 

the overall creditworthiness of those dealers.

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We may be required to repurchase inventory of certain dealers.

Many of our dealers have floor plan financing arrangements with third-party finance companies that enable the dealers to purchase our products. In connection with these agreements, we may have an obligation to repurchase our products from a finance company under certain circumstances, and we may not have any control over the timing or amount of any repurchase obligation nor have access to capital on terms acceptable to us to satisfy any repurchase obligation. This obligation is triggered if a dealer defaults on its debt obligations to a finance company, the finance company repossesses the boat and the boat is returned to us. Our obligation to repurchase a repossessed boat for the unpaid balance of our original invoice price for the boat is subject to reduction or limitation based on the age and condition of the boat at the time of repurchase, and in certain cases, by an aggregate cap on repurchase obligations associated with a particular floor plan financing program. In addition, applicable laws regulating dealer relations may also require us to repurchase our products from our dealers under certain circumstances, and we may not have any control over the timing or amount of any repurchase obligation nor have access to capital on terms acceptable to us to satisfy any repurchase obligation. If we were obligated to repurchase a significant number of units under any repurchase agreement or under applicable dealer laws, our business, operating results, financial condition and cash flows could be adversely affected.

If we fail to manage our manufacturing levels while still addressing the seasonal retail pattern for our products, our business and margins may suffer.

The seasonality of retail demand for our products, together with our goal of balancing production throughout the year, requires us to manage our manufacturing and allocate our products to our dealer network to address anticipated retail demand. Our dealers must manage seasonal changes in consumer demand and inventory. If our dealers reduce their inventories in response to weakness in retail demand, we could be required to reduce our production, resulting in lower rates of absorption of fixed costs in our manufacturing and, therefore, lower margins. As a result, we must balance the economies of level production with the seasonal retail sales pattern experienced by our dealers. In addition, as we navigate the unprecedented confluence of demand and disruption precipitated by the COVID-19 Pandemic, our production during this ramp up period will depend, in large part, on our suppliers’ capacity and our ability to grow and maintain a high-performing workforce. Failure to adjust manufacturing levels adequately may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Our sales and profitability depend, in part, on the successful introduction of new products.

Market acceptance of our products depends on our technological innovation and our ability to implement technology in our boats. Our sales and profitability may be adversely affected by difficulties or delays in product development, such as an inability to develop viable or innovative new products. In February 2019 we introduced a new brand, Aviara, with sales beginning in the first quarter of 2020. Our failure to introduce new technologies and product offerings that consumers desire, including our new Aviara models, could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows. Also, our ability to achieve higher margins, in part, relies on the introduction of new features or enhancements to our existing boat models. If we fail to introduce new features or those we introduce fail to gain market acceptance, our margins may suffer.

In addition, some of our direct competitors and indirect competitors may have significantly more resources to develop and patent new technologies. It is possible that our competitors will develop and patent equivalent or superior technologies and other products that compete with ours. They may assert these patents against us and we may be required to license these patents on unfavorable terms or cease using the technology covered by these patents, either of which would harm our competitive position and may materially adversely affect our business.

We also cannot be certain that our products or features have not infringed or will not infringe the proprietary rights of others. Any such infringement could cause third parties, including our competitors, to bring claims against us, resulting in significant costs and potential damages.

We have a fixed cost base that will affect our profitability if our sales decrease.

The fixed cost levels of operating a powerboat manufacturer can put pressure on profit margins when sales and production decline. Our profitability depends, in part, on our ability to spread fixed costs over a sufficiently large number of products sold and shipped, and if we make a decision to reduce our rate of production, gross or net margins could be negatively affected. Consequently, decreased demand or the need to reduce production can lower our ability to absorb fixed costs and materially impact our financial condition or results of operations.

Our industry is characterized by intense competition, which affects our sales and profits.

The premium performance sport boat, outboard, and sterndrive boat categories and the powerboat industry as a whole are highly competitive for consumers and dealers. We also compete against consumer demand for used boats. Competition affects our ability to

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succeed in both the markets we currently serve and new markets that we may enter in the future. Competition is based primarily on brand name, price, product selection, and product performance. We compete with several large manufacturers that may have greater financial, marketing, and other resources than we do and who are represented by dealers in the markets in which we now operate and into which we plan to expand. We also compete with a variety of small, independent manufacturers. We cannot provide assurance that we will not face greater competition from existing large or small manufacturers or that we will be able to compete successfully with new competitors. Our failure to compete effectively with our current and future competitors would adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Our sales may be adversely impacted by increased consumer preference for used boats or the supply of new boats by competitors in excess of demand.

During the economic downturn that commenced in 2008, we observed a shift in consumer demand toward purchasing more used boats, primarily because prices for used boats are typically lower than retail prices for new boats. If this were to occur again (including as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic), it could have the effect of reducing demand among retail purchasers for our new boats. Also, while we have taken steps designed to balance production volumes for our boats with demand, our competitors could choose to reduce the price of their products, which could have the effect of reducing demand for our new boats. Reduced demand for new boats could lead to reduced sales by us, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations, and financial condition.

Our international markets require significant management attention, expose us to difficulties presented by international economic, political, legal, and business factors, and may not be successful or produce desired levels of sales and profitability.

We currently sell our products throughout the world. International markets have been, and will continue to be, a focus for sales growth. We believe many opportunities exist in the international markets, and over time we intend for international sales to comprise a larger percentage of our total revenue. Several factors, including weakened international economic conditions, could adversely affect such growth and there can be no assurance that we will be able to sustain our current international sales levels in the future. The expansion of our existing international operations and entry into additional international markets require significant management attention. Some of the countries in which we market, and in which our distributors or licensee(s) sell our products, are subject to political, economic, or social instability. Our international operations expose us and our representatives, agents, and distributors to risks inherent in operating in foreign jurisdictions. These risks include, but are not limited to:

 

increased costs of customizing products for foreign countries;

 

unfamiliarity with local demographics, consumer preferences, and discretionary spending patterns;

 

difficulties in attracting consumers due to a reduced level of consumer familiarity with our brand;

 

competition with new, unfamiliar competitors;

 

the imposition of additional foreign governmental controls or regulations, including rules relating to environmental, health, and safety matters and regulations, and other laws applicable to publicly-traded companies, such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, or the FCPA;

 

new or enhanced trade restrictions and restrictions on the activities of foreign agents, representatives, and distributors;

 

the imposition of increases in costly and lengthy import and export licensing and other compliance requirements, customs duties and tariffs, license obligations, and other non-tariff barriers to trade;

 

changes to the U.S.’s participation in, withdrawal out of, renegotiation of certain international trade agreements or other major trade related issues including the non-renewal of expiring favorable tariffs granted to developing countries, tariff quotas, and retaliatory tariffs, trade sanctions, new or onerous trade restrictions, embargoes and other stringent government controls;

 

the relative strength of the U.S. dollar compared to local currency, making our products less price-competitive relative to products manufactured outside of the U.S.;

 

laws and business practices favoring local companies;

 

longer payment cycles and difficulties in enforcing agreements and collecting receivables through certain foreign legal systems;

 

difficulties in enforcing or defending intellectual property rights; and

 

insurrection or war that may disrupt or limit our relationships with our foreign consumers.

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Our international operations may not produce desired levels of total sales, or one or more of the foregoing factors may harm our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

International tariffs could materially and adversely affect our business and results of operations.

The current political landscape has introduced significant uncertainty with respect to future trade regulations and existing international trade agreements, as shown by the recent U.S.-initiated renegotiation of the North America Free Trade Agreement, and Brexit in Europe. This uncertainty includes the possibility of imposing additional tariffs or penalties on products manufactured outside the U.S and the potential for increased trade barriers between the UK and the European Union. The institution of global trade tariffs carries the risk of negatively affecting global economic conditions, which could have a negative impact on our business and results of operations.

In addition, U.S. initiated tariffs on certain foreign goods, including raw materials, commodities, and products manufactured outside the United States that are used in our manufacturing processes may cause our manufacturing cost to rise, which would have a negative impact on our business and results of operations.

Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could result in declines in our reported sales and net earnings.

The changing relationships of primarily the U.S. dollar to the Canadian dollar, the Australian dollar, the Euro, the British pound sterling, the Japanese yen, and certain other foreign currencies have from time to time had a negative impact on our results of operations. Fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to these foreign currencies can adversely affect the price of our products in foreign markets and the costs we incur to import certain components for our products. We will often attempt to offset these higher prices with increased discounts, which can lead to reduced net sales per unit.

Our variable rate indebtedness subjects us to interest rate risk, which could cause our debt service obligations to increase significantly.

Borrowings under our revolving credit facility and term loans are at variable rates of interest and expose us to interest rate risk. Reference rates used to determine the applicable interest rates for our debt are currently at relatively low levels. If interest rates increase, the debt service obligations on our indebtedness will increase even if the amount borrowed remains the same, and our net income and cash flows, including cash available for servicing our indebtedness, will correspondingly decrease. Please see Part II, Item 7A, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” for discussion of our market risk related to interest rates.

The Chief Executive of the U.K. Financial Conduct Authority (the “FCA”), which regulates LIBOR, has announced that the FCA will no longer persuade or compel banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR after calendar year 2021. That announcement indicates that the continuation of LIBOR on the current basis cannot and will not be guaranteed after calendar year 2021. Moreover, it is possible that LIBOR will be discontinued or modified prior to the end of calendar year 2021. All of our $108.6 million of debt outstanding under our credit agreement as of June 30, 2020 bears interest at a floating rate that uses either LIBOR or the prime rate as the reference rate to calculate our interest rate. Our credit agreement provides that, if the administrative agent has determined that adequate means do not exist for ascertaining LIBOR or that LIBOR does not adequately and fairly reflect the cost to lenders for making, funding or maintaining their loans, then all of our outstanding loans under the credit agreement will be converted into loans that accrue interest at the prime rate. Further, the lenders under our credit agreement will no longer be obligated to make loans using LIBOR as the reference rate.

Uncertainty as to the nature of potential changes to LIBOR, fallback provisions, alternative reference rates or other reforms could adversely impact our interest expense on our floating rate debt that currently uses LIBOR as the applicable reference rate. Further, the discontinuance or modification of LIBOR and the use of the prime rate may result in an increase in the cost of future indebtedness, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, cash flow and results of operations. We intend to closely monitor the financial markets and the use of fallback provisions and alternative reference rates in anticipation of the discontinuance or modification of LIBOR by the end of calendar year 2021.

We compete with a variety of other activities for consumers’ scarce leisure time.

Our boats are used for recreational and sport purposes, and demand for our boats may be adversely affected by competition from other activities that occupy consumers’ leisure time and by changes in consumer lifestyle, usage pattern, or taste. Similarly, an overall decrease in consumer leisure time may reduce consumers’ willingness to purchase and enjoy our products.

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Our success depends on the continued strength of our brands and the value of our brands, and sales of our products could be diminished if we, the athletes who use our products, or the sports and activities in which our products are used are associated with negative publicity.

We believe that our brands are a significant contributor to the success of our business and that maintaining and enhancing our brands is important to expanding our consumer and dealer base. Failure to continue to protect our brands may adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Negative publicity, including that resulting from severe injuries or death occurring in the sports and activities in which our products are used, could negatively affect our reputation and result in restrictions, recalls, or bans on the use of our products. Further, actions taken by athletes associated with our products that harm the reputations of those athletes could also harm our brand image and adversely affect our financial condition. If the popularity of the sports and activities for which we design, manufacture, and sell products were to decrease as a result of these risks or any negative publicity, sales of our products could decrease, which could have an adverse effect on our net sales, profitability, and operating results. In addition, if we become exposed to additional claims and litigation relating to the use of our products, our reputation may be adversely affected by such claims, whether or not successful, including by generating potential negative publicity about our products, which could adversely impact our business and financial condition.

We may not be able to execute our manufacturing strategy successfully, which could cause the profitability of our products to suffer.

Our manufacturing strategy is designed to improve product quality and increase productivity, while reducing costs and increasing flexibility to respond to ongoing changes in the marketplace. To implement this strategy, we must be successful in our continuous improvement efforts, which depend on the involvement of management, production employees, and suppliers. Any inability to achieve these objectives could adversely impact the profitability of our products and our ability to deliver desirable products to our consumers.

Our ability to meet our manufacturing workforce needs is crucial to our results of operations and future sales and profitability.

We rely on the existence of an available hourly workforce to manufacture our boats. We cannot provide assurance that we will be able to attract and retain qualified employees to meet current or future manufacturing needs at a reasonable cost, or at all. Although none of our employees are currently covered by collective bargaining agreements, we cannot provide assurance that our employees will not elect to be represented by labor unions in the future, which could increase our labor costs. Additionally, competition for qualified employees could require us to pay higher wages to attract a sufficient number of employees. Significant increases in manufacturing workforce costs could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

We rely on third-party suppliers and, in particular, suppliers of the engine packages used in the manufacturing of our boats.

We depend on third-party suppliers to provide components and raw materials essential to the construction of our boats. While we believe that our relationships with our current suppliers are sufficient to provide the materials necessary to meet present production demand, we cannot provide assurance that these relationships will continue or that the quantity or quality of materials available from these suppliers will be sufficient to meet our future needs, irrespective of whether we successfully implement our growth strategy. Our suppliers’ ability to provide the components and raw materials essential to the construction of our boats may also be adversely impacted as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic. As production increases, our need for raw materials and supplies will increase. Our suppliers must be prepared to ramp up operations and, in many cases, hire additional workers and/or expand capacity in order to fulfill the orders placed by us and other consumers. Operational and financial difficulties that our suppliers may face in the future could adversely affect their ability to supply us with the parts and components we need, which could significantly disrupt our operations.

The availability and cost of engines used in the manufacture of our boats are especially critical. For fiscal 2020, we purchased all of the inboard engine packages for our MasterCraft brand boats from Ilmor. We also maintain a strong and long-standing relationship with our primary supplier of NauticStar engine packages, Yamaha, and our primary supplier of Crest engine packages, Mercury. While we believe that our relationships with these suppliers are sufficient to provide the materials necessary to meet present production demand, there can be no assurance that these relationships will continue or that the quantity or quality of the engines provided will be sufficient to meet our future needs, irrespective of whether we successfully implement our growth strategy. If we are required to replace these suppliers, it could cause a decrease in products available for sale or an increase in the cost of goods sold, either of which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. In addition to the risk of interruption of our engine supply, these suppliers could potentially exert significant bargaining power over price, quality, warranty claims, or other terms relating to the engines we use. We are required to purchase a minimum volume of engines from Ilmor annually. In addition, MasterCraft could be required to pay a penalty to Ilmor in order to maintain exclusivity if annual purchases under the agreement fail to meet a certain threshold. While these minimums are significantly below our current volumes, there can be no assurance that we will continue to meet these minimums in the future.

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Termination or interruption of informal supply arrangements could have a material adverse effect on our business or results of operations.

We have informal supply arrangements with some of our suppliers, including the sole supplier of our gas and ballast tanks. In the event of a termination of a supply arrangement, there can be no assurance that alternate supply arrangements will be made on satisfactory terms. If we need to enter into supply arrangements on unsatisfactory terms, or if there are any delays to our supply arrangements, it could adversely affect our business and operating results.

We depend on key personnel and we may not be able to retain them or attract, assimilate, and retain highly qualified employees in the future.

Our future success will depend in significant part on the continued service of our senior management team and our continuing ability to attract, assimilate, and retain highly qualified and skilled managerial, product development, manufacturing, marketing, and other personnel. The loss of the services of any members of our senior management or other key personnel or the inability to hire or retain qualified personnel in the future could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

We may attempt to grow our business through additional acquisitions or strategic alliances and new partnerships, which we may not be successful in completing or integrating.

We may in the future explore acquisitions and strategic alliances that will enable us to acquire complementary skills and capabilities, offer new products, expand our consumer base, enter new product categories or geographic markets, and obtain other competitive advantages. We cannot provide assurance, however, that we will identify acquisition candidates or strategic partners that are suitable to our business, obtain financing on satisfactory terms, complete acquisitions or strategic alliances, or successfully integrate acquired operations into our existing operations. Once integrated, acquired operations may not achieve anticipated levels of sales or profitability, or otherwise perform as expected. Acquisitions also involve special risks, including risks associated with unanticipated challenges, liabilities and contingencies, and diversion of management attention and resources from our existing operations. Similarly, our partnership with leading franchises from other industries to market our products or with third-party technology providers to introduce new technology to the market may not achieve anticipated levels of consumer enthusiasm and acceptance, or achieve anticipated levels of sales or profitability, or otherwise perform as expected.

Our intellectual property rights may be inadequate to protect our business.

We attempt to protect our intellectual property through a combination of patent, trademark, copyright, protected design, and trade secret laws. We hold patents, trademarks, copyrights, and design rights relating to various aspects of our products and believe that proprietary technical know-how is important to our business. Proprietary rights relating to our products are protected from unauthorized use by third parties only to the extent that they are covered by valid and enforceable patents, trademarks, or copyrights, to the extent they are protected designs, or to the extent they are maintained in confidence as trade secrets.

We cannot be certain that we will be issued any patents from any pending or future patent applications owned by or licensed to us, or that the claims allowed under any issued patents will be sufficiently broad to protect our technology. Further, the patents we own could be challenged, invalidated, or circumvented by others. Further, we cannot provide assurance that competitors will not infringe our patents, or that we will have adequate resources to enforce our patents.

We also rely on unpatented proprietary technology. It is possible that others will independently develop the same or similar technology or otherwise obtain access to our unpatented technology. To protect our trade secrets and other proprietary information, we require employees, consultants, advisors, and collaborators to enter into confidentiality agreements. We cannot provide assurance that these agreements will provide meaningful protection for our trade secrets, know-how, or other proprietary information in the event of any unauthorized use, misappropriation, or disclosure of such trade secrets, know-how, or other proprietary information. If we are unable to maintain the proprietary nature of our technologies, we could be materially adversely affected.

Further, we have attempted to protect certain of our vessel hull designs by seeking to register those designs with the U.S. Copyright Office. We cannot provide assurance that our applications will be approved. If approved, protection of the vessel design lasts ten years. However, our protected vessel hull designs could be challenged, invalidated, or circumvented by others. Further, we cannot provide assurance that competitors will not infringe our designs, or that we will have adequate resources to enforce our rights.

We rely on our trademarks, trade names, and brand names to distinguish our products from the products of our competitors and have registered or applied to register many of these trademarks. We cannot provide assurance that our trademark applications will be approved. Third parties may also oppose our trademark applications, or otherwise challenge our use of the trademarks. In the event that our trademarks are successfully challenged, we could be forced to rebrand our products, which could result in loss of brand recognition,

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and could require us to devote resources to advertising and marketing new brands. Further, we cannot provide assurance that competitors will not infringe our trademarks, or that we will have adequate resources to enforce our trademarks.

If third parties claim that we infringe on their intellectual property rights, our financial condition could be adversely affected.

We face the risk of claims that we have infringed third parties’ intellectual property rights. Any claims of patent or other intellectual property infringement, even those without merit, could be expensive and time consuming to defend, cause us to cease making, licensing, or using products that incorporate the challenged intellectual property, require us to redesign, reengineer, or rebrand our products, if feasible, divert management’s attention and resources, or require us to enter into royalty or licensing agreements in order to obtain the right to use a third party’s intellectual property. Any royalty or licensing agreements, if required, may not be available to us on acceptable terms or at all. A successful claim of infringement against us could result in our being required to pay significant damages, enter into costly license or royalty agreements, or stop the sale of certain products, any of which could have a negative impact on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. While we are not currently involved in any outstanding intellectual property litigation that we believe, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or results of operations, we cannot predict the outcome of any pending litigation and an unfavorable outcome could have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

Product liability, warranty, personal injury, property damage, and recall claims may materially affect our financial condition and damage our reputation.

We are engaged in a business that exposes us to claims for product liability and warranty claims in the event our products actually or allegedly fail to perform as expected, or the use of our products results, or is alleged to result, in property damage, personal injury, or death. We have in the past incurred such liabilities and may in the future be exposed to liability for such claims. Although we maintain product and general liability insurance of the types and in the amounts that we believe are customary for the industry, we are not fully insured against all such potential claims. We may experience legal claims in excess of our insurance coverage or claims that are not covered by insurance, either of which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Adverse determination of material product liability and warranty claims made against us could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and harm our reputation. In addition, if any of our products are, or are alleged to be, defective, we may be required to participate in a recall of that product if the defect or alleged defect relates to safety. These and other claims we may face could be costly to us and require substantial management attention.

Significant product repair and/or replacement due to product warranty claims or product recalls could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations.

We provide a limited warranty for our products. We may provide additional warranties related to certain promotional programs, as well as warranties in certain geographical markets as determined by local regulations and market conditions.

Although we employ quality control procedures, sometimes a product is distributed that needs repair or replacement. Our standard warranties require us or our dealers to repair or replace defective products during such warranty periods at no cost to the consumer. Historically, product recalls have been administered through our dealers and distributors. The repair and replacement costs we could incur in connection with a recall could adversely affect our business. In addition, product recalls could harm our reputation and cause us to lose consumers, particularly if recalls cause consumers to question the safety or reliability of our products.

The nature of our business exposes us to workers’ compensation claims and other workplace liabilities.

Certain materials we use require our employees to handle potentially hazardous or toxic substances. While our employees who handle these and other potentially hazardous or toxic materials receive specialized training and wear protective clothing, there is still a risk that they, or others, may be exposed to these substances. Exposure to these substances could result in significant injury to our employees and damage to our property or the property of others, including natural resource damage. Our personnel are also at risk for other workplace- related injuries, including slips and falls. We have in the past been, and may in the future be, subject to fines, penalties, and other liabilities in connection with any such injury or damage. Although we currently maintain what we believe to be suitable and adequate insurance in excess of our self-insured amounts, we may be unable to maintain such insurance on acceptable terms or such insurance may not provide adequate protection against potential liabilities.

We may be subject to information technology system failures, network disruptions, and breaches in data security.

We use many information technology systems and their underlying infrastructure to operate our business. In addition to the disruptions that may occur from interruptions in our information technology systems, cybersecurity threats and sophisticated and targeted cyberattacks pose a risk to our information technology systems. We have established security policies, processes, and defenses designed to help identify and protect against intentional and unintentional misappropriation or corruption of our information technology systems

21


 

and information and disruption of our operations. Despite these efforts, our information technology systems may be damaged, disrupted, or shut down due to attacks by unauthorized access, malicious software, computer viruses, undetected intrusion, hardware failures, or other events, and in these circumstances our disaster recovery plans may be ineffective or inadequate. These breaches or intrusions could lead to business interruption, exposure of proprietary or confidential information, data corruption, damage to our reputation, exposure to legal and regulatory proceedings, and other costs. A security breach might also lead to violations of privacy laws, regulations, trade guidelines or practices related to our customers and associates and could result in potential claims from customers, associates, shareholders, or regulatory agencies. Such events could adversely impact our reputation, business, financial position, results of operations, and cash flows. In addition, we could be adversely affected if any of our significant customers or suppliers experiences any similar events that disrupt their business operations or damage their reputation.

While we maintain monitoring practices and protections of our information technology to reduce these risks and test our systems on an ongoing basis for potential threats, there can be no assurance that these efforts will prevent a cyber-attack or other security breach. We carry cybersecurity insurance to help mitigate the financial exposure and related notification procedures in the event of intentional intrusion; however, there can be no assurance that our insurance will adequately protect against potential losses that could adversely affect our business.

An increase in energy costs may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Higher energy costs result in increases in operating expenses at our manufacturing facility and in the expense of shipping products to our dealers. In addition, increases in energy costs may adversely affect the pricing and availability of petroleum-based raw materials, such as resins and foams that are used in our products. Also, higher fuel prices may have an adverse effect on demand for our boats, as they increase the cost of ownership and operation.

We are subject to U.S. and other anti-corruption laws, trade controls, economic sanctions, and similar laws and regulations, including those in the jurisdictions where we operate. Our failure to comply with these laws and regulations could subject us to civil, criminal, and administrative penalties and harm our reputation.

Doing business on a worldwide basis requires us to comply with the laws and regulations of various foreign jurisdictions. These laws and regulations place restrictions on our operations, trade practices, partners, and investment decisions. In particular, our operations are subject to U.S. and foreign anti-corruption and trade control laws and regulations, such as the FCPA, export controls, and economic sanctions programs, including those administered by the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control, or OFAC. As a result of doing business in foreign countries and with foreign partners, we are exposed to a heightened risk of violating anti-corruption and trade control laws and sanctions regulations.

The FCPA prohibits us from providing anything of value to foreign officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business or securing any improper business advantage. It also requires us to keep books and records that accurately and fairly reflect our transactions.

Economic sanctions programs restrict our business dealings with certain sanctioned countries, persons, and entities. In addition, because we act through dealers and distributors, we face the risk that our dealers, distributors, or consumers might further distribute our products to a sanctioned person or entity, or an ultimate end-user in a sanctioned country, which might subject us to an investigation concerning compliance with OFAC or other sanctions regulations.

Violations of anti-corruption and trade control laws and sanctions regulations are punishable by civil penalties, including fines, denial of export privileges, injunctions, asset seizures, debarment from government contracts, and revocations or restrictions of licenses, as well as criminal fines and imprisonment. We cannot provide assurance that all of our local, strategic, or joint partners will comply with these laws and regulations, in which case we could be held liable for actions taken inside or outside of the U.S., even though our partners may not be subject to these laws. Such a violation could materially and adversely affect our reputation, business, results of operations and financial condition. Our continued international expansion, including in developing countries, and our development of new partnerships and joint venture relationships worldwide increase the risk of FCPA or OFAC violations in the future.

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If we are unable to comply with environmental and other regulatory requirements, our business may be exposed to material liability and/or fines.

Our operations are subject to extensive and frequently changing federal, state, local, and foreign laws and regulations, including those concerning product safety, environmental protection, and occupational health and safety. Some of these laws and regulations require us to obtain permits and limit our ability to discharge hazardous materials into the environment. If we fail to comply with these requirements, we may be subject to civil or criminal enforcement actions that could result in the assessment of fines and penalties, obligations to conduct remedial or corrective actions, or, in extreme circumstances, revocation of our permits or injunctions preventing some or all of our operations. In addition, the components of our boats must meet certain regulatory standards, including stringent air emission standards for boat engines. Failure to meet these standards could result in an inability to sell our boats in key markets, which would adversely affect our business. Moreover, compliance with these regulatory requirements could increase the cost of our products, which in turn, may reduce consumer demand.

While we believe that we are in material compliance with applicable federal, state, local, and foreign regulatory requirements, and hold all licenses and permits required thereunder, we cannot provide assurance that we will, at all times, be able to continue to comply with applicable regulatory requirements. Compliance with increasingly stringent regulatory and permit requirements may, in the future, cause us to incur substantial capital costs and increase our cost of operations, or may limit our operations, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition.

As with most boat construction businesses, our manufacturing processes involve the use, handling, storage, and contracting for recycling or disposal of hazardous substances and wastes. The failure to manage or dispose of such hazardous substances and wastes properly could expose us to material liability or fines, including liability for personal injury or property damage due to exposure to hazardous substances, damages to natural resources, or for the investigation and remediation of environmental conditions. Under environmental laws, we may be liable for remediation of contamination at sites where our hazardous wastes have been disposed or at our current or former facilities, regardless of whether such facilities are owned or leased or whether the environmental conditions were created by us, a prior owner or tenant, or a third-party. While we do not believe that we are presently subject to any such liabilities, we cannot assure you that environmental conditions relating to our prior, existing, or future sites or operations or those of predecessor companies will not have a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition.

Negative public perception of our products or restrictions on the access or the use of our products in certain locations could materially adversely affect our business or results of operations.

Demand for our products depends in part on their acceptance by the public. Public concerns about the environmental impact of our products or their perceived safety could result in diminished public perception of the products we sell. Government, media, or activist pressure to limit emissions could also negatively impact consumers’ perceptions of our products. Any decline in the public acceptance of our products could negatively impact their sales or lead to changes in laws, rules and regulations that prevent access to certain locations or restrict use or manner of use in certain areas or during certain times, which could also negatively impact sales. Any material decline in the public acceptance of our products could impact our ability to retain existing consumers or attract new ones which, in turn, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.

Natural disasters, environmental disasters, the effects of climate change, pandemics, or other disruptions, or civil insurrection or social unrest at our manufacturing facilities or in other regions of the United States could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

We rely on the continuous operation of our manufacturing facilities in Vonore, Tennessee, Armory, Mississippi, and Owosso, Michigan for the production of our products. Any natural disaster or other serious disruption to our facilities due to fire, snow, flood, earthquake, pandemics, civil insurrection or social unrest or any other unforeseen circumstance could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Changes in climate could adversely affect our operations by limiting or increasing the costs associated with equipment or fuel supplies. In addition, adverse weather conditions, such as increased frequency and/or severity of storms, or floods could impair our ability to operate by damaging our facilities and equipment or restricting product delivery to customers. The occurrence of any disruption at our manufacturing facilities, even for a short period of time, may have an adverse effect on our productivity and profitability, during and after the period of the disruption. These disruptions may also cause personal injury and loss of life, severe damage to or destruction of property and equipment, and environmental damage. Although we maintain property, casualty, and business interruption insurance of the types and in the amounts that we believe are customary for the industry, we are not fully insured against all potential natural disasters or other disruptions to our manufacturing facilities.

In addition, we have dealers and third-party suppliers located in regions of the United States that have been and may be exposed to damaging storms, such as hurricanes and tornados, floods and environmental disasters. Although preventative measures may help to

23


 

mitigate damage, the damage and disruption resulting from natural and environmental disasters may be significant. Such disasters can disrupt our consumers, dealers, or suppliers, which can interrupt our operational processes and our sales and profits.

Increases in income tax rates or changes in income tax laws or enforcement could have a material adverse impact on our financial results.

Changes in domestic and international tax legislation could expose us to additional tax liability. Although we monitor changes in tax laws and work to mitigate the impact of proposed changes, such changes may negatively impact our financial results. In addition, increases in individual income tax rates would negatively affect our potential consumers’ discretionary income and could decrease the demand for our products.

Our credit facilities contain covenants which may limit our operating flexibility; failure to comply with covenants may result in our lenders restricting or terminating our ability to borrow under such credit facilities.

In the past, we have relied on our existing credit facilities to provide us with adequate liquidity to operate our business. The availability of borrowing amounts under our credit facilities is dependent on compliance with the debt covenants set forth in our credit agreement. Violation of those covenants, whether as a result of operating losses or otherwise, could result in our lenders restricting or terminating our borrowing ability under our credit facilities. If our lenders reduce or terminate our access to amounts under our credit facilities, we may not have sufficient capital to fund our working capital and other needs, and we may need to secure additional capital or financing to fund our operations or to repay outstanding debt under our credit facilities. We cannot provide assurance that we will be successful in ensuring the availability of amounts under our credit facilities or in raising additional capital, or that any amount, if raised, will be sufficient to meet our cash needs or will be on terms as favorable as those which have been available to us historically. If we are not able to maintain our ability to borrow under our credit facilities, or to raise additional capital when needed, our business and operations will be materially adversely affected.

Risks Relating to Ownership of our Common Stock

Shareholders may be diluted by future issuances of common stock in connection with our incentive plans, acquisitions, or otherwise; future sales of such shares in the public market, or the expectations that such sales may occur, could lower our stock price.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation authorizes us to issue shares of common stock and options, rights, warrants, and appreciation rights relating to common stock for the consideration and on the terms and conditions established by our board of directors in its sole discretion, whether in connection with acquisitions or otherwise.

Any common stock that we issue, including under our 2015 Incentive Award Plan or other equity incentive plans that we may adopt in the future, would dilute the percentage ownership of holders of our common stock. 

Our common stock price may be volatile or may decline regardless of our operating performance.

It is possible that an active trading market for our common stock will not be sustained, which could make it difficult for investors to sell their shares of our common stock at an attractive price or at all.

Volatility in the market price of our common stock may prevent investors from being able to sell their shares at or above the price they paid for them. Many factors, which are outside our control, may cause the market price of our common stock to fluctuate significantly, including those described elsewhere in this “Risk Factors” section and this Form 10-K, as well as the following:

 

our operating and financial performance and prospects;

 

our quarterly or annual earnings or those of other companies in our industry compared to market expectations;

 

conditions that impact demand for our services;

 

future announcements concerning our business or our competitors’ businesses;

 

the public’s reaction to our press releases, other public announcements, and filings with the SEC;

 

coverage by or changes in financial estimates by securities analysts or failure to meet their expectations;

 

market and industry perception of our success, or lack thereof, in pursuing our growth strategy;

 

strategic actions by us or our competitors, such as acquisitions or restructurings;

 

changes in laws or regulations that adversely affect our industry or us;

24


 

 

changes in accounting standards, policies, guidance, interpretations, or principles;

 

changes in senior management or key personnel;

 

issuances, exchanges or sales, or expected issuances, exchanges or sales of our capital stock;

 

changes in our dividend policy;

 

adverse resolution of new or pending litigation against us; and

 

changes in general market, economic, and political conditions in the U.S. and global economies or financial markets, including those resulting from the COVID-19 Pandemic, natural disasters, terrorist attacks, acts of war, civil insurrection and social unrest, and responses to such events.

As a result, volatility in the market price of our common stock may prevent investors from being able to sell their common stock at or above the price they paid for it or at all. These broad market and industry factors may materially reduce the market price of our common stock, regardless of our operating performance. In addition, price volatility may be greater if the public float and trading volume of our common stock is low. As a result, investors may suffer a loss on their investment.

We do not intend to pay dividends on our common stock for the foreseeable future.

While we have paid dividends in the past, we presently have no intention to pay dividends on our common stock at any time in the foreseeable future. Any decision to declare and pay dividends in the future will be made at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on, among other things, our results of operations, financial condition, cash requirements, contractual restrictions, and other factors that our board of directors may deem relevant. Certain of our debt instruments contain covenants that restrict the ability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends to us. In addition, we will be permitted under the terms of our debt instruments to incur additional indebtedness, which may restrict or prevent us from paying dividends on our common stock. Furthermore, our ability to declare and pay dividends may be limited by instruments governing future outstanding indebtedness we may incur.

Delaware law and certain provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation may prevent efforts by our stockholders to change the direction or management of our Company.

We are a Delaware corporation, and the anti-takeover provisions of Delaware law impose various impediments to the ability of a third party to acquire control of us, even if a change of control would be beneficial to our existing stockholders. In addition, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated by-laws currently contain provisions that may make the acquisition of our company more difficult without the approval of our board of directors, including, but not limited to, the following:

 

our board of directors will be classified into three classes until our 2022 annual meeting of stockholders;

 

only our board of directors may call special meetings of our stockholders; and

 

we require advance notice and duration of ownership requirements for stockholder proposals.

These provisions could discourage, delay, or prevent a transaction involving a change in control of our company. These provisions could also discourage proxy contests and make it more difficult for stockholders to elect directors of their choosing and cause us to take other corporate actions they desire. In addition, because our board of directors is responsible for appointing the members of our management team, these provisions could in turn affect any attempt by our stockholders to replace current members of our management team.

For as long as we are an emerging growth company, we will not be required to comply with certain reporting requirements, including those relating to accounting standards and disclosure about our executive compensation, that apply to other public companies.

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the JOBS Act. As such, we are eligible to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies,” including, but not limited to, (i) not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, (ii) reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and (iii) exemptions from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and of stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. We have elected to adopt these reduced disclosure requirements. We cannot predict if investors will find our common stock less attractive as a result of our taking advantage of these exemptions and as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and our stock price may be more volatile.

We will remain an “emerging growth company” until June 30, 2021, which is the last day of our fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the date of completion of our initial public offering.

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The obligations associated with being a public company require significant resources and management attention, which may divert us from our business operations.

As a result of our initial public offering, we are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The Exchange Act requires that we file annual, quarterly, and current reports with respect to our business and financial condition. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we establish and maintain effective internal controls and procedures for financial reporting. As a result, we have and will continue to incur significant legal, accounting, and other expenses that we did not previously incur.

In addition, the need to establish the corporate infrastructure demanded of a public company may divert management’s attention from implementing our business strategy, which could prevent us from improving our business, results of operations, and financial condition. We have made, and will continue to make, changes to our internal controls, including information technology controls, and procedures for financial reporting and accounting systems to meet our reporting obligations as a public company. However, the measures we take may not be sufficient to satisfy our obligations as a public company. If we do not continue to develop and implement the right processes and tools to manage our changing enterprise and maintain our culture, our ability to compete successfully and achieve our business objectives could be impaired, which could negatively impact our business, financial condition, and results of operations. In addition, we cannot predict or estimate the amount of additional costs we may incur to comply with these requirements. We anticipate that these costs will be material to our general and administrative expenses.

Furthermore, as a public company, we have and will continue to incur additional legal, accounting, and other expenses that have not been reflected in our historical financial statements. In addition, rules implemented by the SEC and NASDAQ have imposed various requirements on public companies, including establishment and maintenance of effective disclosure and financial controls and changes in corporate governance practices. Our management and other personnel will need to devote a substantial amount of time to these compliance initiatives. These rules and regulations result in our incurring legal and financial compliance costs and will make some activities more time-consuming and costly. For example, we expect these rules and regulations to make it more difficult and more expensive for us to maintain director and officer liability insurance, and we may be required to accept reduced policy limits and coverage or incur substantially higher costs to maintain the same or similar coverage. As a result, it may be more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified people to serve on our board of directors, on our board committees, or as executive officers.

Our failure to achieve and maintain effective internal control over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act as a public company could have a material adverse effect on our business and share price.

Prior to the completion of our initial public offering, we had not operated as a public company and were not required to independently comply with Section 404(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Section 404(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires annual management assessments of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, starting with the second annual report that we file with the SEC. We were required to meet these standards in the course of preparing our financial statements as of and for the year ended June 30, 2016, and our management is required to report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting for such year and annually thereafter. Additionally, once we are no longer an “emerging growth company,” our independent registered public accounting firm will be required pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act to attest to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting on an annual basis. The rules governing the standards that must be met for our management to assess our internal control over financial reporting are complex and require significant documentation, testing, and possible remediation. 

Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. We are currently in the process of reviewing, documenting, and testing our internal control over financial reporting. We may encounter problems or delays in implementing any changes necessary to make a favorable assessment of our internal control over financial reporting. In addition, we may encounter problems or delays in completing the implementation of any requested improvements and receiving a favorable attestation in connection with the attestation to be provided by our independent registered public accounting firm after we cease to be an emerging growth company. If we cannot favorably assess the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, or if our independent registered public accounting firm is unable to provide an unqualified attestation report on our internal controls after we cease to be an emerging growth company, investors could lose confidence in our financial information and the price of our common stock could decline.

Additionally, the existence of any material weakness or significant deficiency may require management to devote significant time and incur significant expense to remediate any such material weaknesses or significant deficiencies and management may not be able to remediate any such material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in a timely manner. The existence of any material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting could also result in errors in our financial statements that could require us to make out of period adjustments, restate our financial statements, cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations, and cause stockholders to lose confidence in our reported financial information, all of which could materially and adversely affect our business and share price.

26


 

If securities analysts do not publish research or reports about our company, or if they issue unfavorable commentary about us or our industry or downgrade our common stock, the price of our common stock could decline.

The trading market for our common stock depends in part on the research and reports that third-party securities analysts publish about our company and our industry. We may be unable or slow to attract research coverage and if one or more analysts cease coverage of our company, we could lose visibility in the market. In addition, one or more of these analysts could downgrade our common stock or issue other negative commentary about our company or our industry. As a result of one or more of these factors, the trading price of our common stock could decline.

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.

None.

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES.  

As of June 30, 2020, all our MasterCraft and Aviara boats are manufactured and lake-tested at our 250,000-square-foot manufacturing facility located on approximately 60 acres of lakefront land in Vonore, Tennessee. In addition, we own a 35,000 square-foot facility in Vonore where we manufacture trailers, and we lease a 3,000 square-foot warehouse facility in West Yorkshire, England for warehousing of parts. All our NauticStar boats are manufactured in our 200,000-square-foot manufacturing facility located on 17 acres of land in Amory, Mississippi. All our Crest boats are manufactured in a more than 140,000-square-foot manufacturing facility located on approximately 63 acres in Owosso, Michigan.

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

None.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

Not applicable.

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PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

Market Information

Our common stock has been publicly traded on the NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol “MCFT” since July 17, 2015. Prior to that time, there was no public market for our common stock.  On September 10, 2020, the last reported sale price on the NASDAQ Global Market of our common stock was $17.91 per share. As of September 4, 2020, we had approximately 6,700 holders of record of our common stock.

Capital Allocation Policy

We presently intend to retain our earnings, if any, to finance the development and growth of our business and operations and do not anticipate declaring or paying cash dividends on our common stock, or repurchasing stock, in the foreseeable future. Any future determination as to the declaration and payment of dividends, or the repurchase of stock, if any, will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on then-existing conditions, including our operating results, financial condition, contractual restrictions, capital requirements, business prospects, and other factors our board of directors may deem relevant. See Item 1A “Risk Factors” — Risks Relating to Ownership of Our Common Stock.

Stock Performance Graph

This performance graph shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the SEC for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act of 1934, or otherwise subject to the liabilities under that section, and shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing of ours under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act.

The following stock performance graph illustrates the cumulative total shareholder return on our common stock for the period from July 17, 2015 (the first day of trading for our common stock) to June 30, 2020, as compared to the Russell 2000 Index and the Dow Jones US Recreational Products Index.

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The comparison assumes (i) a hypothetical investment of $100 in our common stock and the two above mentioned indices on July 17, 2015 and (ii) the full reinvestment of all dividends. The comparisons in the graph are not intended to be indicative of possible future performance of our common stock.

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

For information regarding securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans, see Note 10—Share-Based Compensation in Item 8 and Item 12: Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The selected historical consolidated financial data and other data of MasterCraft Boat Holdings, Inc. set forth below should be read together with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our consolidated financial statements and related notes, each of which is included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. In particular, certain matters may significantly impact comparability between the years presented, including certain of those matters discussed in the footnotes to the table below.

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We derived the consolidated statement of operations for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2020, 2019 and 2018 and our consolidated balance sheet data as of June 30, 2020 and 2019 from our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. We derived the consolidated statement of operations for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016 and our consolidated balance sheet data as of June 30, 2018, June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016 from audited consolidated financial statements, which are not included in this Form 10-K. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected in the future.

 

 

 

As of and for the Fiscal Years Ended June 30,

 

(Dollars in thousands, except for per share amounts)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Consolidated statements of operations:

 

 

 

NET SALES

 

$

363,073

 

 

$

466,381

 

 

$

332,725

 

 

$

228,634

 

 

$

221,600

 

COST OF SALES

 

 

287,717

 

 

 

353,254

 

 

 

242,361

 

 

 

165,158

 

 

 

160,521

 

GROSS PROFIT

 

 

75,356

 

 

 

113,127

 

 

 

90,364

 

 

 

63,476

 

 

 

61,079

 

OPERATING EXPENSES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and marketing

 

 

15,981

 

 

 

17,670

 

 

 

13,011

 

 

 

9,380

 

 

 

9,685

 

General and administrative

 

 

25,557

 

 

 

27,706

 

 

 

19,773

 

 

 

20,474

 

 

 

29,162

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

3,948

 

 

 

3,492

 

 

 

1,597

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

221

 

Goodwill and other intangible asset impairment (1)

 

 

56,437

 

 

 

31,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

101,923

 

 

 

79,868

 

 

 

34,381

 

 

 

29,961

 

 

 

39,068

 

OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)

 

 

(26,567

)

 

 

33,259

 

 

 

55,983

 

 

 

33,515

 

 

 

22,011

 

OTHER EXPENSE:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

5,045

 

 

 

6,513

 

 

 

3,474

 

 

 

2,222

 

 

 

1,280

 

Change in common stock warrant fair value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,425

 

Other income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,212

)

INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAX EXPENSE

 

 

(31,612

)

 

 

26,746

 

 

 

52,509

 

 

 

31,293

 

 

 

18,518

 

INCOME TAX EXPENSE (BENEFIT)

 

 

(7,565

)

 

 

5,392

 

 

 

12,856

 

 

 

11,723

 

 

 

8,308

 

NET INCOME (LOSS)

 

$

(24,047

)

 

$

21,354

 

 

$

39,653

 

 

$

19,570

 

 

$

10,210

 

WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES USED FOR COMPUTATION OF:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

18,734,482

 

 

 

18,653,892

 

 

 

18,619,793

 

 

 

18,592,885

 

 

 

17,849,319

 

Diluted

 

 

18,734,482

 

 

 

18,768,207

 

 

 

18,714,531

 

 

 

18,620,708

 

 

 

18,257,007

 

Net income (loss) per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

(1.28

)

 

$

1.14

 

 

$

2.13

 

 

$

1.05

 

 

$

0.57

 

Diluted

 

 

(1.28

)

 

 

1.14

 

 

 

2.12

 

 

 

1.05

 

 

 

0.56

 

Cash dividends declared per common share

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

4.30

 

Consolidated balance sheet data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

207,923

 

 

$

248,773

 

 

$

176,924

 

 

$

83,321

 

 

$

82,533

 

Total liabilities

 

 

159,053

 

 

 

176,457

 

 

 

124,402

 

 

 

71,560

 

 

 

90,912

 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

 

8,932

 

 

 

8,725

 

 

 

5,069

 

 

 

3,687

 

 

 

7,885

 

Long-term debt

 

 

99,666

 

 

 

105,016

 

 

 

70,087

 

 

 

30,790

 

 

 

44,342

 

Total debt

 

 

108,598

 

 

 

113,741

 

 

 

75,156

 

 

 

34,477

 

 

 

52,227

 

Total stockholders’ equity (deficit)

 

 

48,870

 

 

 

72,316

 

 

 

52,522

 

 

 

11,761

 

 

 

(8,379

)

Additional financial and other data (unaudited):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit sales volume:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MasterCraft

 

 

2,478

 

 

 

3,435

 

 

 

3,068

 

 

 

2,790

 

 

 

2,742

 

NauticStar(2)

 

 

1,191

 

 

 

1,831

 

 

 

1,687

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crest(2)

 

 

1,623

 

 

 

2,078

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated unit sales volume

 

 

5,292

 

 

 

7,344

 

 

 

4,755

 

 

 

2,790

 

 

 

2,742

 

Net sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MasterCraft

 

$

246,455

 

 

$

311,830

 

 

$

266,319

 

 

$

228,634

 

 

$

221,600

 

NauticStar(2)

 

 

54,930

 

 

 

77,995

 

 

 

66,406

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crest(2)

 

 

61,688

 

 

 

76,556

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated net sales

 

$

363,073

 

 

$

466,381

 

 

$

332,725

 

 

$

228,634

 

 

$

221,600

 

Net sales per unit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MasterCraft

 

$

99

 

 

$

91

 

 

$

87

 

 

$

82

 

 

$

81

 

NauticStar(2)

 

 

46

 

 

 

43

 

 

 

39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crest(2)

 

 

38

 

 

 

37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated net sales per unit

 

 

69

 

 

 

64

 

 

 

70

 

 

 

82

 

 

 

81

 

Gross margin

 

 

20.8

%

 

 

24.3

%

 

 

27.2

%

 

 

27.8

%

 

 

27.6

%

Adjusted EBITDA(3)

 

$

44,298

 

 

$

79,323

 

 

$

64,028

 

 

$

43,476

 

 

$

41,227

 

Adjusted Net Income(3)

 

$

25,077

 

 

$

53,016

 

 

$

40,440

 

 

$

24,335

 

 

$

23,362

 

Adjusted EBITDA margin(3)

 

 

12.2

%

 

 

17.0

%

 

 

19.2

%

 

 

19.0

%

 

 

18.6

%

 

(1)

During fiscal 2020, we recognized goodwill and other intangible asset impairment charges in our NauticStar and Crest segments. During fiscal 2019, we recognized goodwill and other intangible asset impairment charges in our NauticStar segment. See Note 6 in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

(2)

During fiscal 2019 and 2018, the Company acquired Crest and NauticStar, respectively, as described in Note 3 in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

(3)

Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted EBITDA margin are non-GAAP financial measures. For definitions of our non-GAAP measures and a reconciliation of each to net income, see Item 7 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

30


 

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

The following discussion and analysis should be read together with the sections entitled “Risk Factors,” “Selected Financial Data,” and the financial statements and the accompanying notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. In addition, the statements in this discussion and analysis regarding industry outlook, our expectations regarding the performance of our business, anticipated financial results, liquidity and the other non-historical statements are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties described in “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and in “Risk Factors” above. Our actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements.

This section generally discusses 2020 and 2019 items and year-to-year comparisons between 2020 and 2019. Discussions of 2018 items and year-to-year comparisons between 2019 and 2018 are not included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and can be found in Item 7 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2019, which was filed with the SEC on September 13, 2019.

Key Performance Measures

From time to time we use certain key performance measures in evaluating our business and results of operations and we may refer to one or more of these key performance measures in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” These key performance measures include:

 

Unit sales volume — We define unit sales volume as the number of our boats sold to our dealers during a period.

 

Net sales per unit — We define net sales per unit as net sales divided by unit sales volume.

 

Gross margin— We define gross margin as gross profit divided by net sales, expressed as a percentage.

 

Adjusted EBITDA — We define Adjusted EBITDA as earnings before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation, and amortization (“EBITDA”), as further adjusted to eliminate certain non-cash charges and unusual items that we do not consider to be indicative of our core/ongoing operations. For a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income, see “Non-GAAP Measures” below.

 

Adjusted EBITDA margin— We define Adjusted EBITDA margin as Adjusted EBITDA divided by net sales, expressed as a percentage.

 

Adjusted Net Income — We define Adjusted Net Income as net income adjusted to eliminate certain non-cash charges and other items that we do not consider to be indicative of our core/ongoing operations and adjusted for the impact to income tax expense (benefit) related to non-GAAP adjustments. For a reconciliation of Adjusted Net Income, see “Non-GAAP Measures” below.

 

COVID-19 Pandemic

 

The outbreak of a novel coronavirus throughout the world, including the United States, during early calendar year 2020 caused widespread business and economic disruption through mandated and voluntary business closings and restrictions on the movement and activities of people (“COVID-19 Pandemic”). We are subject to risks and uncertainties as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic. The extent of the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on our business is highly uncertain and difficult to predict, as the response to the COVID-19 Pandemic is still evolving in many countries, including the United States and other markets where we operate. Capital markets and economies worldwide have been negatively impacted by the COVID-19 Pandemic, and it has caused economic downturns or recessions in the United States and other markets where we operate. Policymakers around the world continue to respond with fiscal and monetary policy actions to support the economy. The magnitude and overall effectiveness of these actions remains uncertain.

Impact to Operations

To balance wholesale production with the then anticipated impacts to retail demand caused by the economic impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic, we reduced production in February 2020 and, in late March 2020, temporarily suspended manufacturing operations at all of our facilities to protect the health of our employees and comply with governmental mandates. As a result of these actions, we temporarily laid off nearly all our hourly workforce. We paid lump sum severance payments to certain of our laid off employees and provided for the temporary continuation of their healthcare benefits, resulting in charges totaling approximately $1.4 million during the fiscal third and fourth quarters (the “COVID-19 Shutdown Costs”). We also initiated cash management strategies to conserve liquidity during the shutdown period. We resumed operations at reduced production levels at our manufacturing facilities by mid-May 2020 and we are continuing to ramp up production. Our facilities resumed operations with new temperature screening, social distancing, personal

31


 

protective equipment, and cleaning protocols to protect our employees and mitigate risk of further business interruption. We continue to evaluate and monitor the health and safety of our employees and will adhere to federal and local government mandates and guidelines. The disruptions caused by the COVID-19 Pandemic, including the temporary manufacturing suspension and supplier and workforce constraints, resulted in a decline in wholesale unit sales volume of nearly 50% during the February 2020 to June 2020 period as compared to the same prior-year period.

An impairment of our goodwill and other intangible assets was triggered as of March 29, 2020, due to the economic outlook at that time, the significant declines in our share price, market volatility and the disruption in our operations.  As a result of the analysis, we recorded impairment charges totaling $56.4 million related to the NauticStar and Crest segments (the “Impairment Charges”). The Impairment Charges were principally a result of a decline, in the fiscal third quarter, in market conditions, including our share price, and the outlook for retail and wholesale sales and operating performance, as of March 29, 2020, relative to our acquisition plans and annual impairment test performed as of June 30, 2019. See Note 6 in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information regarding the Impairment Charges.

As governmental restrictions were lifted, demand in the U.S. retail marine market accelerated in May and through June 2020 resulting in strong retail demand for our boats which we are seeing continue through the key summer selling season. This increase in demand, coupled with our production shutdowns, pushed retail inventory levels for all our brands to record lows as of June 30, 2020. We ended fiscal 2020 with retail inventory levels for our brands between 40 percent to 50 percent lower than at the end of fiscal 2019.

Impact to Liquidity and Capital Resources

On March 19, 2020, we drew $35.0 million on our revolving credit agreement as a precautionary measure in order to increase our cash position and preserve financial flexibility in light of uncertainty in the global markets resulting from the COVID-19 Pandemic. Additionally, on May 7, 2020, we entered into Amendment No. 3 (the “Amendment”) to the Fourth Amended & Restated Credit and Guarantee Agreement (the “Credit Facility”) to strengthen our financial flexibility. Among other things, the changes effected by the Amendment provide temporary relief under our financial covenants. See Note 8 in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information regarding these changes. The performance of the business and our cash management activities provided the flexibility to repay $25.0 million of the revolving credit facility as of June 30, 2020 and we ended fiscal 2020 with what we believe to be a strong liquidity position. As of June 30, 2020, we were in compliance with our financial covenants under the Amendment to the Credit Facility.

Outlook

We believe strong marine retail demand, coupled with record low retail inventory levels for all our brands have created a growth opportunity for fiscal 2021 and potentially into future years. We are continuing to ramp up production at our facilities and we expect this ramp up phase to continue through fiscal 2021 in order to meet strong wholesale demand as our dealers seek to satisfy current retail order flow and replenish their stock inventory. As we navigate the unprecedented confluence of demand and disruption precipitated by the COVID-19 Pandemic, our production during this ramp up period will depend, in large part, on our suppliers’ capacity and our ability to grow and maintain a high-performing workforce.

Although the consumer responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic have thus far resulted in strong demand for our products, significant uncertainty exists in the economy as a result of the unpredictable outlook for the COVID-19 Pandemic. The ultimate severity of the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on our business will depend on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, the duration, spread, severity, and impact of the pandemic, the remedial action and stimulus measures adopted by local and federal governments, the effects of the pandemic on our consumers, dealers, suppliers and workforce, and to the extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume and be sustained within the general economy, all of which are uncertain and cannot be predicted. Our future results of operations, cash flows, and liquidity could be adversely impacted by delays in payments of outstanding receivable amounts beyond normal payment terms, supply chain or workforce disruptions and uncertain demand, additional manufacturing suspensions, additional other intangible asset impairment charges, and the impact of any initiatives that we may undertake to address financial and operational challenges faced by us and our consumers, dealers, and suppliers. Please see Item 1A, “Risk Factors – Risks Related to Our Business – The COVID-19 Pandemic has had, and may continue to have, certain negative impacts on our business and those of our consumers, dealers and suppliers, and such impacts may have a material adverse effect on our operations and business” and “—General economic conditions, particularly in the U.S., affect our industry, demand for our products and our business, and results of operations.”

 

 

 


32


 

Overview of Results of Operations

Net sales were $363.1 million for fiscal 2020, a decrease of 22.2 percent from fiscal 2019, due to lower wholesale unit volumes as a result of the disruptions caused by the COVID-19 Pandemic, including our temporary manufacturing suspension, our pre- COVID-19 Pandemic effort to allow our dealers to right-size pipeline inventory levels, and pre- COVID-19 Pandemic softness in the overall saltwater fishing category. This decline was partially offset by the inclusion of Crest, which was acquired during the second quarter of 2019, higher average wholesale prices for all our reportable segments, fiscal 2020 Aviara sales included in our MasterCraft segment, and lower dealer incentives.

Gross profit for fiscal 2020 decreased 33.4 percent from fiscal 2019, primarily due to lower wholesale unit sales volume for each reportable segment, higher depreciation expense, and $1.4 million in COVID-19 Shutdown Costs. This decline was partially offset by price increases for each reportable segment, the inclusion of Crest’s first quarter 2020 results, and lower dealer incentives. Gross margin decreased by 3.5 percentage points to 20.8 percent for fiscal 2020 from 24.3 percent for fiscal 2019, primarily due to lower overhead absorption driven by lower wholesale unit sales volume for each reportable segment, and $1.4 million of COVID-19 Shutdown Costs.

Net loss was $24.0 million for fiscal 2020, compared to Net income of $21.4 million for fiscal 2019. Diluted net loss per share was $1.28, compared to Diluted net income per share of $1.14 for fiscal 2019. Net loss for fiscal 2020 included Goodwill and other intangible asset impairment charges of $56.4 million, or $(3.01) per diluted share. Net income for fiscal 2019 included Goodwill and other intangible asset impairment charges of $31.0 million, or $(1.65) per diluted share.

CEO Transition

On October 30, 2019, our Board of Directors appointed Frederick A. Brightbill, Chairman of the Board of Directors, interim Chief Executive Officer. On December 2, 2019, Mr. Brightbill was named permanent Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Brightbill replaced Terry McNew, who resigned on October 30, 2019.

Aviara Brand Launch

We began selling boats under the Aviara brand during the first quarter of fiscal 2020. Aviara boats are designed, engineered, and manufactured to meet the exacting specifications of consumers seeking the ultimate luxury recreational day boat experience. The brand’s first model, the AV32, began selling during the first quarter of fiscal 2020 and the AV36 began selling during the second quarter of fiscal 2020. In February 2020, we launched the third Aviara model, the AV40, which we expect to begin selling in the first half of fiscal 2021. Aviara is built in our MasterCraft facility and is part of the MasterCraft reportable segment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


33


 

Results of Operations

The consolidated statements of operations presented below should be read together with “Selected Consolidated Financial Data,” and our consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

We derived the consolidated statements of operations for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 from our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected in the future.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2020 vs. 2019

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

Change

% Change

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated statements of operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NET SALES

 

$

363,073

 

 

$

466,381

 

 

$

(103,308

)

 

 

(22.2

%)

COST OF SALES

 

 

287,717

 

 

 

353,254

 

 

 

(65,537

)

 

 

(18.6

%)

GROSS PROFIT

 

 

75,356

 

 

 

113,127

 

 

 

(37,771

)

 

 

(33.4

%)

OPERATING EXPENSES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and marketing

 

 

15,981

 

 

 

17,670

 

 

 

(1,689

)

 

 

(9.6

%)

General and administrative

 

 

25,557

 

 

 

27,706

 

 

 

(2,149

)

 

 

(7.8

%)

Amortization of other intangible assets

 

 

3,948

 

 

 

3,492

 

 

 

456

 

 

 

13.1

%

Goodwill and other intangible asset impairment

 

 

56,437

 

 

 

31,000

 

 

 

25,437

 

 

 

82.1

%

Total operating expenses

 

 

101,923

 

 

 

79,868

 

 

 

22,055

 

 

 

27.6

%

OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)

 

 

(26,567

)

 

 

33,259

 

 

 

(59,826

)

 

 

(179.9

%)

OTHER EXPENSE:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

5,045

 

 

 

6,513

 

 

 

(1,468

)

 

 

(22.5

%)

INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAX EXPENSE

 

 

(31,612

)

 

 

26,746

 

 

 

(58,358

)

 

 

(218.2

%)

INCOME TAX EXPENSE (BENEFIT)

 

 

(7,565

)

 

 

5,392

 

 

 

(12,957

)

 

 

(240.3

%)

NET INCOME (LOSS)

 

$

(24,047

)

 

$

21,354

 

 

$

(45,401

)

 

 

(212.6

%)

Additional financial and other data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit sales volume:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MasterCraft

 

 

2,478

 

 

 

3,435

 

 

 

(957

)

 

 

(27.9

%)

NauticStar

 

 

1,191

 

 

 

1,831

 

 

 

(640

)

 

 

(35.0

%)

Crest(a)