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EX-32.2 - CERTIFICATE PURSUANT TO SECTION 18 U.S.C. PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANE - Zoom Telephonics, Inc.zmtp_ex322.htm
EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATE PURSUANT TO SECTION 18 U.S.C. PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANE - Zoom Telephonics, Inc.zmtp_ex321.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14(A)/15D-14(A) CERTIFICATIONS SECTION 302 OF - Zoom Telephonics, Inc.zmtp_ex312.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14(A)/15D-14(A) CERTIFICATIONS SECTION 302 OF - Zoom Telephonics, Inc.zmtp_ex311.htm
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
______________
 
 
FORM 10-Q
 
______________
 
 
(Mark One)
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020
 
or
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from________ to ________
 
Commission File Number 0-53722
 
———————
 
ZOOM TELEPHONICS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
———————
 
Delaware
04-2621506
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
225 Franklin Street, Boston, Massachusetts
02110
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (617) 423-1072
 
 
_________________________________________________________________________
(Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report)
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:                                                                                                None.
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☑ No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☑ No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
 
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
 
Smaller Reporting Company
         Emerging growth company
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☑
 
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock, $.01 par value, as of August 12, 2020, was 23,891,142 shares.
 
 

 
 
 
ZOOM TELEPHONICS, INC.
INDEX
 
 
 Page
 3
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 15
 22
 22
  
 
 23
 23
 23
 23
 23
 23
 24
 25
 
 
 
 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1. 
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
ZOOM TELEPHONICS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
ASSETS
 
June 30,
2020
(Unaudited)
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 $7,552,134 
 $1,216,893 
Restricted cash
  800,000 
  150,000 
Accounts receivable, net
  5,000,813 
  4,070,576 
Inventories, net
  4,621,869 
  7,440,350 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
  225,136 
  269,738 
Total current assets
  18,199,952 
  13,147,557 
 
    
    
Other assets
  628,000 
  349,335 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net
  144,275 
  102,716 
Equipment, net
  307,798 
  303,099 
Total assets
 $19,280,025 
 $13,902,707 
 
    
    
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
    
    
Current liabilities
    
    
Accounts payable
 $7,088,235 
 $5,024,529 
Current maturities of long term debt
  257,531 
  –– 
Current maturities of operating lease liabilities
  96,681 
  102,716 
Accrued other expenses
  3,864,933 
  2,666,471 
Total current liabilities
 $11,307,380 
 $7,793,716 
 
    
    
Long-term debt less current maturities
  325,769 
  –– 
Operating lease liabilities, less current maturities
  47,728 
  –– 
         Total liabilities
 $11,680,877 
 $7,793,716 
 
    
    
Commitments and contingencies (Note 4)
    
    
 
    
    
Stockholders' equity
    
    
Common stock: Authorized: 40,000,000 shares at $0.01 par value
    
    
Issued and outstanding: 23,781,431 shares at June 30, 2020 and 20,929,928 shares at December 31, 2019
  237,814 
  209,299 
Additional paid-in capital
  50,237,836 
  46,496,330 
Accumulated deficit
  (42,876,502)
  (40,596,638)
Total stockholders' equity
  7,599,148 
  6,108,991 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 $19, 280,025 
 $13,902,707 
 
  See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
3
 
 
ZOOM TELEPHONICS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 $10,272,757 
 $8,158,723 
 $22,228,360 
 $16,168,812 
Cost of goods sold
  8,148,888 
  5,390,335 
  17,009,273 
  10,982,107 
Gross profit
  2,123,869 
  2,768,388 
  5,219,087 
  5,186,705 
 
    
    
    
    
Operating expenses:
    
    
    
    
Selling
  2,283,490 
  2,553,600 
  4,637,733 
  5,001,113 
General and administrative
  716,166 
  556,758 
  1,544,105 
  1,124,557 
Research and development
  644,492 
  437,876 
  1,297,244 
  920,279 
 
  3,644,148 
  3,548,234 
  7,479,082 
  7,045,949 
 
    
    
    
    
Operating loss
  (1,520,279)
  (779,846)
  (2,259,995)
  (1,859,244)
 
    
    
    
    
Other income (expense):
    
    
    
    
Interest income
  478 
  3,967 
  792 
  4,001 
Interest expense
  (2,720)
  (16,188)
  (8,432)
  (48,405)
Other, net
  892 
  (156)
  443 
  (1,905)
Total other income (expense)
  (1,350)
  (12,377)
  (7,197)
  (46,309)
 
    
    
    
    
Loss before income taxes
  (1,521,629)
  (792,223)
  (2,267,192)
  (1,905,553)
 
    
    
    
    
Income taxes
  6,356 
  12,890 
  12,672 
  20,678 
 
    
    
    
    
Net loss
 $(1,527,985)
 $(805,113)
 $(2,279,864)
 $(1,926,231)
 
    
    
    
    
Net loss per share:
    
    
    
    
               Basic and diluted
 $(0.07)
 $(0.04)
 $(0.10)
 $(0.11)
 
    
    
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
        Basic and diluted weighted average shares
  22,275,441 
  19,066,889 
  21,776,101 
  17,622,559 
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements. 
 
 
4
 
 
ZOOM TELEPHONICS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
For the six-month period ended June 30, 2020
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Additional
Paid In Capital
 
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2020
  20,929,928 
 $209,299 
 $46,496,330 
 $(40,596,638)
 $6,108,991 
 
    
    
    
    
    
Net loss
  –– 
  –– 
  –– 
  (751,879)
  (751,879)
Stock option exercise
  346,834 
  3,468 
  194,190 
  –– 
  197,658 
Stock based compensation
  –– 
  –– 
  127,053 
  –– 
  127,053 
Balance at March 31, 2020
  21,276,762 
 $212,767 
 $46,817,573 
 $(41,348,517)
 $5,681,823 
Net loss
  –– 
  –– 
  –– 
  (1,527,985)
  (1,527,985)
Private investment offering, net of offering costs of $237,030
  2,237,103 
  22,371 
  3,140,999 
  –– 
  3,163,370 
Stock option exercise
  267,566 
  2,676 
  211,716 
  –– 
  214,392 
Stock based compensation
  –– 
  –– 
  67,548 
  –– 
  67,548 
Balance at June 30, 2020
  23,781,431 
 $237,814 
 $50,237,836 
 $(42,876,502)
 $7,599,148 
 
For the six-month period ended June 30, 2019
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Additional
Paid In Capital
 
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2019
  16,124,681 
 $161,247 
 $41,035,936 
 $(37,320,838)
 $3,876,345 
 
    
    
    
    
    
Net loss
  –– 
  –– 
  –– 
  (1,121,118)
  (1,121,118)
Stock option exercise
  37,500 
  375 
  4,725 
  –– 
  5,100 
Stock based compensation
  –– 
  –– 
  175,012 
  –– 
  175,012 
Balance at March 31, 2019
  16,162,181 
 $161,622 
 $41,215,673 
 $(38,441,956)
 $2,935,339 
Net loss
  –– 
  –– 
  –– 
  (805,113)
  (805,113)
Private investment offering, net of offering costs of $57,391
  4,545,455 
  45,454 
  4,897,155 
  –– 
  4,942,609 
Stock option exercise
  35,000 
  350 
  8,400 
  –– 
  8,750 
Stock based compensation
  –– 
  –– 
  138,756 
  –– 
  138,756 
Balance at June 30, 2019
  20,742,636 
 $207,426 
 $46,259,984 
 $(39,247,069)
 $7,220,341 
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements. 
 
 
5
 
 
ZOOM TELEPHONICS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 $(2,279,864)
 $(1,926,231)
 
    
    
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
    
    
Depreciation and amortization
  96,546 
  185,821 
Amortization of right-of-use assets
  54,640 
  243,843 
Stock based compensation
  194,601 
  313,768 
(Recovery of) provision for accounts receivable allowances
  (112,308)
  3,207 
Provision for inventory reserves
  9,578 
  23,957 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
    
    
Accounts receivable
  (817,929)
  (794,418)
Inventories
  2,808,903 
  1,151,227 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
  44,602 
  (713,641)
Operating lease liabilities
  (54,506)
  (269,177)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
  3,262,168 
  456,695 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
  3, 206,431 
  (1,324,949)
 
    
    
Cash flows from investing activities:
    
    
Certification costs incurred and capitalized
  (308,000)
  (135,000)
Purchases of plant and equipment
  (71,910)
  (90,398)
Net cash used in investing activities
  (379,910)
  (225,398)
 
    
    
Cash flows from financing activities:
    
    
     Net payments to bank credit lines
  –– 
  (1,741,272)
     Proceeds from debt
  583,300 
  –– 
     Net proceeds from private placement offering
  3,163,370 
  4,942,609 
     Proceeds from stock option exercises
  412,050 
  13,850 
                    Net cash provided by financing activities
  4,158,720 
  3,215,187 
 
    
    
Net increase in cash
  6,985,241 
  1,664,840 
 
    
    
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash- Beginning
  1,366,893 
  125,982 
 
    
    
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash- Ending
 $8,352,134 
 $1,790,822 
 
    
    
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
    
    
 
    
    
Cash paid during the period for:
    
    
Interest
 $8,432 
 $48,405 
Income taxes
 $12,672 
 $20,677 
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets to the total of the same such amounts shown above:
    
    
      Cash and cash equivalents
 $7,552,134 
 $1,790,822 
      Restricted cash
  800,000 
  –– 
      Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 $8,352,134 
 $1,790,822 
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements. 
 
 
6
 
 
ZOOM TELEPHONICS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
(1) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements (the “financial statements”) are unaudited. However, the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019 was derived from audited financial statements. In the opinion of management, the accompanying financial statements include all necessary adjustments to present fairly the condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows of Zoom Telephonics, Inc. (the “Company” or “Zoom”). The adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature.
 
The results of operations for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the entire year.
 
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern and contemplates continuity of operations, realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is contingent upon, among other factors, the Company’s ability to generate sufficient cash flow from operations, decrease operating costs, obtain additional equity or debt financing and comply with the financial and other covenants contained in the Company’s Financing Agreement, as amended, with Rosenthal & Rosenthal, Inc. as described in Note 7. These financial statements do not include any adjustments to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.
 
The financial statements of the Company presented herein have been prepared pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission for quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and do not include all of the information and disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2019 included in the Company's 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
 
Subsequent Events
 
The Company has evaluated subsequent events from June 30, 2020 through the date of this filing and has determined that there are no such events requiring recognition or disclosure in the financial statements.
 
Sales Tax
 
The Company has a state sales tax liability stemming from the Company’s ‘Fulfilled By Amazon’ sales agreement which allows Amazon to warehouse the Company’s inventory throughout a number of states. Sales tax is collected in states where the Company is required to collect, and the Company is registered in each of these states. Sales and Use Tax filings are completed and filed and tax remitted back to the states is consistent with the individual state filing requirements. Changes to state sales tax regulations are monitored to stay current with the law. As of June 30, 2020, approximately $50 thousand of the original state sales tax liability remains open. The additional liability of approximately $46 thousand relates to sales tax that has been collected and not yet remitted to the respective states.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
Revenue recognition is evaluated through the following five steps: (i) identification of the contract, or contracts, with a customer; (ii) identification of the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determination of the transaction price; (iv) allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognition of revenue when or as a performance obligation is satisfied.
 
Identification of the contract, or contracts, with a customer — a contract with a customer exists when the Company enters into an enforceable contract with a customer, typically a purchase order initiated by the customer, that defines each party’s rights regarding the goods to be transferred, identifies the payment terms related to these goods, and that the customer has both the ability and intent to pay.
 
Identification of the performance obligations in the contract — performance obligations promised in a contract are identified based on the goods that will be transferred to the customer that are distinct, whereby the customer can benefit from the goods on their own or together with other resources that are readily available from third parties or from us.
 
 
7
 
 
Determination of the transaction price —the transaction price is determined based on the consideration to which the Company will be entitled in exchange for transferring goods to the customer. This would be the agreed upon quantity and price per product type in accordance with the customer purchase order, which is aligned with the Company’s internally approved pricing guidelines.
 
Allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract — if the contract contains a single performance obligation, the entire transaction price is allocated to the single performance obligation. This applies to the Company as there is only one performance obligation, which is to provide the goods.
 
Recognition of revenue when, or as, the Company satisfies a performance obligation — the Company satisfies performance obligations at a point in time when control of the goods transfers to the customer. Determining the point in time when control transfers requires judgment. Indicators considered in determining whether the customer has obtained control of a good include:
 
● The Company has a present right to payment
● The customer has legal title to the goods
● The Company has transferred physical possession of the goods
● The customer has the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods
● The customer has accepted the goods
 
The Company has concluded that transfer of control substantively transfers to the customer upon shipment or delivery, depending on the delivery terms of the sales agreement.
 
Warranties - the Company does not offer customers the option to purchase a warranty separately. Therefore, there is not a separate performance obligation. The Company does account for warranties as a cost accrual and the warranties do not include any additional distinct services other than the assurance that the goods comply with agreed-upon specifications. Warranties are variable and are estimated and recognized as a reduction of revenue as performance obligations are satisfied (e.g., upon shipment of goods). The estimates due to warranties are historically not material.
 
Returned Goods - analyses of actual returned product are compared to that of the product return estimates and historically have resulted in no material difference between the two. The Company has concluded that the current process of estimating the return reserve represents a fair measure with which to adjust revenue. Returned goods are variable and are estimated and recognized as a reduction of revenue as performance obligations are satisfied (e.g., upon shipment of goods). The Company monitors pending authorized returns of goods and, if deemed appropriate, record the right of return asset accordingly.
 
Price protection - price protection provides that if the Company reduces the price on any products sold to the customer for eventual resale to an end-user, the Company will guarantee an account credit for the price difference for all quantities of that product that the customer still holds. Price protection is variable and is estimated and recognized as a reduction of revenue as performance obligations are satisfied (e.g., upon shipment of goods). The estimates due to price protection are historically not material.
 
Volume Rebates and Promotion Programs - volume rebates are variable dependent upon the volume of goods sold-through the Company’s customers to end-users variable and are estimated and recognized as a reduction of revenue as performance obligations are satisfied (e.g., upon shipment of goods). The estimates due to rebates and promotions are historically not material.
 
Accounts receivable, net:
 
 
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
Gross accounts receivable
 $5,164,739 
 $4,346,810 
     Allowance for doubtful accounts
  (163,926)
  (276,234)
 
    
    
                 Total accounts receivable, net
 $5,000,813 
 $4,070,576 
 
 
8
 
 
Accrued other expenses:
 
 
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
Audit, legal, payroll
 $376,699 
 $256,966 
Royalty costs
  1,933,140 
  1,125,000 
Sales and use tax
  95,724 
  148,836 
Sales allowances *
  1,196,026 
  901,196 
Other
  263,344 
  234,473 
             Total accrued other expenses
 $3,864,933 
 $2,666,471 
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* A related inventory contract asset stemming from the sales return reserve of $370 thousand and $376 thousand is included within inventories on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
 
 
Company revenues are primarily from the selling of products that are shipped and billed. Consistent with the revenue recognition accounting standard, revenues are recognized when control is transferred to customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods and services. Sales are earned at a point in time through ship-and-bill performance obligations.
 
Regarding disaggregated revenue disclosures, as previously noted, the Company’s business is controlled as a single operating segment that consists of the manufacture and sale of Internet access and other communications-related products. Most of the Company’s transactions are very similar in nature, contract, terms, timing, and transfer of control of goods.
 
 
Disaggregated revenue by distribution channel for three and six months ended:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retailers
 $8,321,755 
 $7,433,925 
 $19,296,044 
 $14,672,980 
Distributors
  1,587,617 
  443,833 
  2,185,146 
  965,042 
Other
  363,385 
  280,965 
  747,170 
  530,790 
Total
 $10,272,757 
 $8,158,723 
 $22,228,360 
 $16,168,812 
 
Disaggregated revenue by product for three and six months ended:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cable Modems & gateways
 $9,192,784 
 $7,213,549 
 $20,362,794 
 $14,286,826 
Other
  1,079,973 
  945,174 
  1,865,566 
  1,881,986 
Total
 $10,272,757 
 $8,158,723 
 $22,228,360 
 $16,168,812 
 
 
9
 
 
Revenue is recognized when obligations under the terms of a contract with customers are satisfied. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring the products. Based on the nature of the Company’s products and customer contracts, the Company has not recorded any deferred revenue as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. Any agreements with customers that could impact revenue such as rebates or promotions are recognized in the period of agreement.
 
Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation
 
On July 25, 2019, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company which increased the number of authorized common shares from 25,000,000 to 40,000,000.
 
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
 
In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-13, "Financial Instruments Credit Losses —Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments." ASU 2016-13 requires a financial asset (or group of financial assets) measured at amortized cost basis to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected, which includes the Company’s accounts receivable. This ASU is effective for the Company for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact that the adoption of this ASU will have on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12 “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes”, which is intended to improve consistent application and simplify the accounting for income taxes. This ASU removes certain exceptions to the general principals in Topic 740 and clarifies and amends existing guidance. This standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim reporting periods within those annual reporting periods, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact that the adoption of this ASU and does not expect the adoption of this new standard will have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 (2) Liquidity
 
The Company’s cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash balance on June 30, 2020 was $8.4 million of which $800 thousand was restricted. This compares to $1.4 million on December 31, 2019 of which $150 thousand was restricted. As of June 30, 2020, the Company had $0 outstanding on its $4.0 million bank credit line, $583.3 thousand on a note, working capital of $6.9 million, and a current ratio of 1.6.
 
The Company closed on a $3.4 million private placement and issued an aggregate of 2,237,103 shares on May 26, 2020 at a purchase price of $1.52 per share, and in connection with the closing of the offering two designees of an investor in the private placement joined Zoom’s Board of Directors.
 
The Company closed on a $5.0 million private placement and issued an aggregate of 4,545,455 shares on May 3, 2019 at a purchase price of $1.10 per share, and in connection with the closing of the offering two designees of an investor in the private placement joined Zoom’s Board of Directors.
 
The Company’s recent loss of $2.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 has raised management concerns as to the Company’s ability to continue as going concern within one year from the date of filing these financial statements. The Company’s financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern and contemplates continuity of operations, realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is contingent upon, among other factors, the Company’s ability to generate sufficient cash flow from operations, decrease operating costs, obtain additional equity or debt financing and comply with the financial and other covenants contained in the Company’s Financing Agreement, as amended, with Rosenthal & Rosenthal, Inc. as described in Note 7. These financial statements do not include any adjustments to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.
 
The addition of US tariffs and the Coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic has created potential disruptions to the Company’s operations. The 25% US tariffs assessed on products imported from China had a significant impact on cash and net loss for 2019. In the second quarter of 2020, these tariffs were $1.04 million. These tariffs will continue to have an impact on the Company’s financial performance until the Company has fully transitioned all of its production supply out of China. In late 2019, the Company made the decision to move its outsourced manufacturing operations from China to Vietnam, primarily to end the exposure to the trade-war imposed tariffs with China. While the COVID-19 pandemic caused delays in the original transition plan, the Company has worked actively with its primary outsourced development partner to establish manufacturing operations in Haiphong, Vietnam. The transition to Vietnam was completed in June 2020. All manufacturing of existing models will take place in Vietnam. During the balance of the year, only the initial manufacturing runs of new models will take place in China. During this factory transition and while recovering from the COVID-19 related supply chain shock, the Company temporarily shifted from the use of primarily ocean freight during prior quarters to the use of primarily air freight during Q2 2020 to keep up with demand and replenish supply. This resulted in an additional $0.9 million in freight expense incurred during the second quarter. The tariffs and increased freight expense were the primary reason for the Company recording a net loss of $1.53 million for the quarter.
 
 
10
 
 
The Company implemented cost cutting measures to conserve cash during the six months ended June 30, 2020, delaying the planned start dates of all new hiring during 2020, and gave notice that it would not renew the same footprint of its headquarters office lease when it expired in June 2020. The Company has retained just one small office within the co-work space office suite on a short-term, month-to-month basis at a cost of $720 per month. Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company’s work force continues to work remotely, and is continuing operations. We negotiated extended and improved payment terms through the end of June 2020 with our primary outsourced manufacturing partner.
 
Due to requirements of the United States Department of Homeland Security and resulting from the continued 25% tariff on imports from China, the Company was required to commit to three letters of credit totaling $800 thousand. These funds are reported as restricted cash on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets:
 
 
Effective Date
Expiration Date
 
June 30, 2020
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
July 9, 2019
July 8, 2020
 $150,000 
 $150,000 
January 8, 2020
January 7, 2021
  400,000 
  –– 
April 6, 2020
April 6, 2021
  250,000 
  –– 
Total
 
 $800,000 
 $150,000 
 
The Company applied for and received approval for a Small Business Administration (“SBA”) Paycheck Protection Plan Loan with Primary Bank under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”). The loan from the US government in the amount of $583.3 thousand was approved in mid-April and funded in late April 2020.
 
On April 13, 2020, the Company entered into a sixth amendment to the Financing Agreement with Rosenthal & Rosenthal, Inc. This amendment increased the size of the Company’s revolving credit line to $4.0 million effective on the date of this amendment. The Company’s credit line has a maturity date of November 2020, and automatically renews from year to year unless cancelled under the terms of Financing Agreement, as amended.
 
On March 26, 2020, the Company entered into an extension of its networking product license agreement with Motorola through 2025 and also entered into a new license agreement with Motorola to sell consumer grade home security and monitoring products and to provide related services. The Company continues to develop new products and expects to introduce several new models to the market during the remainder of 2020 and 2021.
 
The Company’s ability to maintain adequate levels of liquidity depends in part on its ability to sell inventory on hand, to continue to manufacture and import more inventory to meet existing demand, and to collect related receivables. The Company also continues to work with its distribution partners in North America to deliver inventory to its customers. The current environment is difficult, particularly due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and the outcome of these matters cannot be predicted with any certainty at this time and raises challenges to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. There can be no assurance that the Company’s ongoing efforts will continue to be successful.
 
 (3) Inventories
 
Inventories consist of :
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
Raw Materials
 $994,803 
 $911,054 
Work in process
  90,626 
  10,284 
Finished goods
  3,536,440 
  6,519,012 
Total
 $4,621,869 
 $7,440,350 
 
Finished goods includes consigned inventory of approximately $1.4 million at June 30, 2020 and approximately $1.8 million at December 31, 2019. The Company reviews inventory for obsolete and slow-moving products each quarter and makes provisions based on its estimate of the probability that the material will not be consumed or that it will be sold below cost. The provision for inventory reserves was negligible for both three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
 
(4) Commitments and Contingencies
 
(a) Contingencies
 
The Company is party to various lawsuits and administrative proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company evaluates such lawsuits and proceedings on a case-by-case basis, and its policy is to vigorously contest any such claims which it believes are without merit.
 
 
11
 
 
The Company reviews the status of its legal proceedings and records a provision for a liability when it is considered probable that both a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. This review is updated periodically as additional information becomes available. If either or both of the criteria are not met, the Company reassesses whether there is at least a reasonable possibility that a loss, or additional losses, may be incurred. If there is a reasonable possibility that a loss may be incurred, the Company discloses the estimate of the amount of the loss or range of losses, that the amount is not material, or that an estimate of the loss cannot be made. The Company expenses its legal fees as incurred.
 
On January 23, 2020, William Schulze filed a complaint, and subsequently filed an amended complaint on April 3, 2020 (collectively, the “Schulze Complaint”) as lead plaintiff on behalf of purchasers of Zoom modems in a putative class action lawsuit against Zoom in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. The Schulze Complaint alleged that Zoom modems were sold as new despite containing refurbished parts. On July 28, 2020, the lead plaintiff filed a Stipulation of Dismissal that dismissed the Schulze Complaint with prejudice. The Company does not have any other pending or outstanding material legal proceedings.
 
(b) Commitments
 
In May 2015, Zoom entered into a License Agreement with Motorola Mobility LLC (the “License Agreement”). The License Agreement provides Zoom with an exclusive license to use certain trademarks owned by Motorola Trademark Holdings, LLC. for the manufacture, sale and marketing of consumer cable modem products in the United States and Canada through certain authorized sales channels.
 
In August 2016, Zoom entered into an amendment to the License Agreement with Motorola Mobility LLC (the “2016 Amendment”). The 2016 Amendment expands Zoom’s exclusive license to use the Motorola trademark to a wide range of authorized channels worldwide, and expands the license from cable modems and gateways to also include consumer routers, WiFi range extenders, home powerline network adapters, and access points.
 
In August 2017, Zoom entered into an amendment to the License Agreement with Motorola Mobility LLC (the “2017 Amendment”). The 2017 Amendment expands Zoom’s exclusive license to use the Motorola trademark to a wide range of authorized channels worldwide, and expands the license from cable modems, gateways, consumer routers, WiFi range extenders, home powerline network adapters, and access points to also include MoCa adapters, and cellular sensors. The License Agreement, as amended, has a five-year term beginning January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2020 and increased the minimum royalty payments as outlined below.
 
In March 2020, Zoom entered into an amendment to the License Agreement with Motorola Mobility LLC. The 2020 Amendment expands Zoom’s exclusive license to use the Motorola trademark to a wide range of authorized channels worldwide, including Service Provider Channels. The License Agreement, as amended, has a ten-year term beginning January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2025 and modified the minimum royalty payments as outlined below.
 
In connection with the License Agreement, the Company has committed to reserve a certain percentage of wholesale prices for use in advertising, merchandising and promotion of the related products. Additionally, the Company is required to make quarterly royalty payments equal to a certain percentage of the preceding quarter’s net sales with minimum annual royalty payments as follows:
 
Year ending December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2020 remaining:
 $1,275,000 
2021:
 $4,300,000 
2022:
 $4,300,000 
2023:
 $4,300,000 
2024:
 $4,300,000 
2025:
 $4,300,000  
 
Royalty expense under the License Agreement was $1,275,000 for the second quarter of 2020 and $1,125,000 for the second quarter of 2019, and is included in selling expense on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
 
(5) Lease Obligations
 
In May 2020, the Company signed a two-year lease agreement for 3,218 square feet at 275 Turnpike Executive Park, Canton MA. The agreement includes a one-time option to cancel the second year of lease with three-month advance notice. The location is currently being occupied by the research and development group of the Company. Rent expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 was negligible.
 
In June 2016, the Company signed a three-year sub-lease agreement for 11,480 square feet on the 28th floor of 99 High Street, Boston, MA 02110. The lease for this facility expired on June 30, 2019. The Company signed a twelve-month lease agreement for offices at 225 Franklin Street, Boston, MA and completed the move to this location on June 28, 2019. The lease has an automatic renewal option provision and renews unless cancelled under the terms of the agreement. This lease originally expired on June 30, 2020, although the Company is currently leasing space on a short-term basis while reviewing options for long-term lease for headquarters in Boston. The Company has elected to apply the short-term lease exception under ASC 842 which does not require the recognition of an operating lease liability or right-of-use asset on the condensed consolidated balance sheet in relation to the lease at 225 Franklin Street. Rent expense was $133.6 thousand for the second quarter of 2020 and $98.6 thousand for the second quarter of 2019. Rent expense was $260.8 thousand for the first six months of 2020 and $207.8 thousand for the first six months of 2019.
 
 
12
 
 
The Company performs most of the final assembly, testing, packaging, warehousing and distribution at a production and warehouse facility in Tijuana, Mexico. In November 2014, the Company signed a one-year lease with five one-year renewal options thereafter for an 11,390 square foot facility in Tijuana, Mexico. In September 2015, Zoom extended the term of the lease from December 1, 2015 through November 30, 2018. In September 2015, Zoom also signed a new lease for additional space in the adjacent building, which doubled its capacity. The term of this lease was from March 1, 2016 through November 30, 2018. The Company currently has a signed lease extension to stay in the existing facilities through at least November 30, 2020. Rent expense was $26.6 thousand for both the second quarter of 2020 and the second quarter of 2019. Rent expense was $53.1 thousand for both the first six months of 2020 and the first six months of 2019.
 
The Company also had a lease for approximately 1,550 square feet in Boston, MA that expired on October 31, 2019 and had been renewed for an additional 12 -month period starting November 1, 2019. The Company has since negotiated out of this lease effective June 30, 2020. The Company had another one-year lease signed in December 2019 for approximately 1,500 square feet in Boston. The Company also negotiated out of this lease effective July 31, 2020. The Company has elected to apply the short-term lease exception for both of these leases under ASC 842 which does not require the recognition of an operating lease liability or right-of-use asset on the condensed consolidated balance sheet in relation to this lease. Rent expense for these leases was approximately $35.4 thousand for the second quarter of 2020 and $18.0 thousand for the second quarter of 2019. Rent expense was $70.8 thousand for the first six months of 2020 and $36 thousand for the first six months of 2019.
 
At the inception of a lease the Company determines whether that lease meets the classification criteria of a finance or operating lease. Some of the Company’s lease arrangements contain lease components (e.g., minimum rent payments) and non-lease components (e.g., maintenance, labor charges, etc.). The Company generally accounts for each component separately based on the estimated standalone price of each component.
 
 As of June 30, 2020, the Company's estimated future minimum committed rental payments, excluding executory costs, under the operating leases described above to their expiration or the earliest possible termination date, whichever is sooner, are approximately $79 thousand for 2020, approximately $53 thousand for 2021, and approximately $23 thousand for 2022. There are no future minimum committed rental payments that extend beyond 2022.
 
Operating Leases
 
Operating leases are included in operating lease right-of-use assets, current maturities of operating lease liabilities, and operating lease liabilities, less current maturities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. These assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of remaining lease payments over the lease term using the Company’s secured incremental borrowing rates or implicit rates, when readily determinable. Based on the Company's financial position and ability to obtain financing at the time ASC 842 was adopted, 10% was considered by management to be a reasonable incremental borrowing rate when calculating the present value of remaining lease payments over the lease term. Short-term operating leases, which have an initial term of 12 months or less, are not recorded on the balance sheet.
 
Lease expense for operating leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Lease expense is included in general and administrative expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
 
The following table presents information about the amount and timing of the Company’s operating leases as of June 30, 2020.
Maturity of Lease Liabilities
 
Lease Payments
 
2020 (remaining)
 $78,857 
 
2021
  53,365 
 
2022
  22,794 
 
Total undiscounted operating lease payments
  155,016 
 
Less: Imputed interest
  (10,607)
 
Present value of operating lease liabilities
 $144,409 
 
 
    
Balance Sheet Classification
 
    
Current maturities of operating lease liabilities
 $96,681 
 
Operating lease liabilities, less current maturities
  47,728 
 
Total operating lease liabilities
 $144,409 
 
 
    
Other Information
 
    
Weighted-average remaining lease term for operating leases
  1.4 years 
 
Weighted-average discount rate for operating leases
  10%
 
 
Cash Flows
 
Upon adoption of the new lease standard at the beginning of fiscal year 2019, the Company recorded a lease liability in the amount of $420,899, right-of-use assets of $395,565, and reclassified deferred rent of $25,334 as a reduction of the right-of-use assets. During the three months-ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded an additional lease liability and corresponding right-of-use asset of $96,199 related to the Company’s lease at 275 Turnpike Executive Park. During the six months-ended June 30, 2020, the operating lease liability was reduced by $54,506 and we recorded amortization of our right-of-use assets of $54,640.
 
 
13
 
 
Supplemental cash flow information and non-cash activity related to our operating leases are as follows:
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Operating cash flow information:
 
 
 
Amounts included in measurement of lease liabilities
 $57,404 
 $271,333 
Non-cash activities:
 
    
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations
 $96,199 
 $395,565 
 
(6) Customer and Vendor Concentrations
 
The Company sells its products primarily through high-volume retailers and distributors, Internet service providers, value-added resellers, system integrators, and original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs"). The Company supports its major accounts in their efforts to offer a well-chosen selection of attractive products and to maintain appropriate inventory levels.
 
Relatively few companies account for a substantial portion of the Company’s revenues.  In the second quarter of 2020 three companies accounted for 10% or greater individually, and 88% in the aggregate of the Company’s total net sales. In the first six months of 2020 three companies accounted for 10% or greater individually, and 89% in the aggregate of the Company’s total net sales. At June 30, 2020, four companies with an accounts receivable balance of 10% or greater individually accounted for a combined 89% of the Company’s accounts receivable. In the second quarter of 2019 two companies accounted for 10% or greater individually, and 83% in the aggregate of the Company’s total net sales. In the first six months of 2019, two companies accounted for 10% or greater individually, and 82% in the aggregate of the Company’s total net sales. At June 30, 2019 three companies with an accounts receivable balance of 10% or greater individually accounted for a combined 81% of the Company’s accounts receivable.
 
The Company’s customers generally do not enter into long-term agreements obligating them to purchase products. The Company may not continue to receive significant revenues from any of these or from other large customers. A reduction or delay in orders from any of the Company’s significant customers, or a delay or default in payment by any significant customer could materially harm the Company’s business and prospects. Because of the Company’s significant customer concentration, its net sales and operating income could fluctuate significantly due to changes in political or economic conditions, or the loss, reduction of business, or less favorable terms for any of the Company's significant customers.
 
The Company participates in the PC peripherals industry, which is characterized by aggressive pricing practices, continually changing customer demand patterns and rapid technological developments. The Company's operating results could be adversely affected should the Company be unable to successfully anticipate customer demand accurately; manage its product transitions, inventory levels and manufacturing process efficiently; distribute its products quickly in response to customer demand; differentiate its products from those of its competitors or compete successfully in the markets for its new products.
 
The Company depends on many third-party suppliers for key components contained in its product offerings. For some of these components, the Company may only use a single source supplier, in part due to the lack of alternative sources of supply. During the second quarter of 2020, the Company had one supplier that provided 98% of the Company's purchased inventory. During the second quarter of 2019, the Company had one supplier that provided 93% of the Company's purchased inventory. During the first six months of 2020, the Company had two suppliers that provided 99% of the Company's purchased inventory. During the first six months of 2019, the Company had one supplier that provided 96% of the Company's purchased inventory.
 
(7) Credit Lines
 
On December 18, 2012, the Company entered into a Financing Agreement with Rosenthal & Rosenthal, Inc. (the “Financing Agreement”). The Financing Agreement provided for up to $1.75 million of revolving credit, subject to a borrowing base formula and other terms and conditions as specified in the Financing Agreement. The Financing Agreement continued until November 30, 2014 and automatically renews from year to year thereafter, unless sooner terminated by either party as specified in the Financing Agreement. The Lender has the right to terminate the Financing Agreement at any time by giving the Company 60 days’ prior written notice. Borrowings are secured by all of the Company assets including intellectual property. The Financing Agreement contained several covenants, including a requirement that the Company maintain tangible net worth of not less than $2.5 million and working capital of not less than $2.5 million.
 
On March 25, 2014, the Company entered into an amendment to the Financing Agreement (the “First Amendment”) with an effective date of January 1, 2013. The First Amendment clarified the definition of current assets in the Financing Agreement, reduced the size of the revolving credit line to $1.25 million, and revised the financial covenants so that Zoom is required to maintain tangible net worth of not less than $2.0 million and working capital of not less than $1.75 million.
 
 
14
 
 
On October 29, 2015, the Company entered into a second amendment to the Financing Agreement (the “Second Amendment”). Retroactive to October 1, 2015, the Second Amendment eliminated $2,500 in monthly charges for the Financing Agreement. Effective December 1, 2015, the Second Amendment reduces the effective rate of interest to 2.25% plus an amount equal to the higher of prime rate or 3.25%.
 
On July 19, 2016, the Company entered into a third amendment to the Financing Agreement (the “Third Amendment”). The Third Amendment increased the size of the revolving credit line to $2.5 million effective as of date of the Third Amendment.
 
On September 1, 2016, the Company entered into a fourth amendment to the Financing Agreement (the “Fourth Amendment”). The Fourth Amendment increased the size of the revolving credit line to $3.0 million effective with the date of the Fourth Amendment.
 
On November 2, 2018, the Company entered into a fifth amendment to the Financing Agreement (the “Fifth Amendment”). The Firth Amendment reduced the effective interest rate by 1 percentage point and reduced the annual facility fee by 0.25 percent.
 
On April 13, 2020, the Company entered into a sixth amendment to the Financing Agreement (the “Sixth Amendment”). The Sixth Amendment increased the size of the revolving credit line to $4.0 million effective with the date of this amendment.
 
The Company is required to calculate its covenant compliance on a quarterly basis and as of June 30, 2020, the Company was in compliance with both its working capital and tangible net worth covenants. At June 30, 2020, the Company’s tangible net worth was approximately $6.8 million, while the Company’s working capital was approximately $6.9 million. Loan availability is based on eligible receivables less offsets, if any. Approximately $3.0 million was available on this credit line as of June 30, 2020, consisting of $4 million as 75% of eligible receivables, which is limited to the $4 million loan limit, less an offset of $50 thousand for state tax liabilities and no reduction on outstanding bank debt balance as of June 30, 2020. The sales tax offset will be reduced as the sales tax liability is paid down.
 
(8) Loss Per Share
 
Basic loss per share is calculated by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares. Diluted loss per share reflects additional common shares that would have been outstanding if dilutive potential shares of common stock had been issued. Potential shares of common stock that may be issued by the Company include shares of common stock that may be issued upon exercise of outstanding stock options. Under the treasury stock method, the unexercised options are assumed to be exercised at the beginning of the period or at issuance, if later. The assumed proceeds are then used to purchase shares of common stock at the average market price during the period.
 
Basic and diluted loss per common share for the three-month period ended June 30, 2020 was $0.07, and diluted loss per common share excludes the effects of 314,493 common share equivalents, since such inclusion would be anti-dilutive. Basic and diluted loss per common share for the three-month period ended June 30, 2019 was $0.04, and diluted loss per common share excludes the effects of 471,199 common share equivalents, since such inclusion would be anti-dilutive. Basic and diluted loss per common share for the six-month period ended June 30, 2020 was $0.10, and diluted loss per common share excludes the effects of 314,493 common share equivalents, since such inclusion would be anti-dilutive. Basic and diluted loss per common share for the six-month period ended June 30, 2019 was $0.11, and diluted loss per common share excludes the effects of 471,199 common share equivalents, since such inclusion would be anti-dilutive. The common share equivalents consist of common shares issuable upon exercise of outstanding stock options.
 
(9)         Related Party Transactions 
 
Jeremy Hitchcock, who serves as Executive Chairman of the Company’s Board of Directors, is the co-founder, Chief Executive Officer and a stockholder of Minim Inc. (“Minim”).  On July 25, 2019, the Company entered into a Master Partnership Agreement with Minim, together with a related Statement of Work, License, Collaborative Agreement, Software/Service Availability Agreement and Software/Service Support Level Agreement (collectively, the “Partnership Agreement”).  Under the Partnership Agreement, the Company will integrate Minim software and services into certain hardware products distributed by the Company, and Minim will be entitled to certain fees and a portion of revenue received from the end users of such services and software.  The Company and Minim entered into an additional Statement of Work on December 31, 2019 providing for further integration of Minim services, with a monthly minimum payment of $5,000 payable by the Company to Minim starting in January 2020 for a period of thirty-six months and a requirement for Minim to purchase at least $90,000 of the Company’s hardware by December 2022. As of June 30, 2020, the Company has made total payments of $45,000 to Minim under the Partnership Agreement.
 
ITEM 2. 
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
"Safe Harbor" Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
 
Some of the statements contained in this report are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause our or our industry's actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include but are not limited to statements regarding: Zoom's plans, expectations and intentions, including statements relating to Zoom's prospects and plans relating to sales of and markets for its products; and Zoom's financial condition or results of operations.
 
 
15
 
 
In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as "may," "will," "should," "could," "would," "expects," "plans," "anticipates," "believes," "estimates," "projects," "predicts," "potential" and similar expressions intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Given these uncertainties you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Also, these forward-looking statements represent our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this report. We expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement contained in this report to reflect any change in our expectations or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any of our forward-looking statements are based. Factors that could cause or contribute to differences in our future financial results include those discussed in the risk factors set forth or discussed in Item 1A of Part II of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 15, 2020 and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Readers should also be cautioned that results of any reported period are often not indicative of results for any future period.
 
Overview
 
We derive our net sales primarily from sales of Internet access and other communications-related products including cable modems and modem/routers, Digital Subscriber Line (“DSL”) modems and modem/routers, routers and other local area network products, and dial-up modems through retailers, distributors, and other customers. We sell our products through a direct sales force and through independent sales agents. Most of our employees are located at our headquarters in Boston, Massachusetts. We are experienced in electronics hardware, firmware, and software design and test, regulatory certifications, product documentation, and packaging; and we use that experience in developing each product in-house or in partnership with suppliers who are typically based in Asia. Electronic assembly and testing of our products in accordance with our specifications is typically done in Asia, and we do further testing, warehousing, and shipping in our Tijuana facility.
 
The Company has been headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts since its founding in 1977. Our current headquarters is located at 225 Franklin Street, Boston, MA 02110. The Company signed a twelve-month lease agreement for offices at 225 Franklin Street, Boston, MA and completed the move to this location on June 28, 2019. The lease has an automatic renewal option provision and renews unless cancelled under the terms of the agreement. This lease expired on June 30, 2020, although the Company is leasing space on a short-term basis while reviewing options for a long-term lease for headquarters in Boston.
 
In May 2020, the Company signed a two-year lease agreement for 3,218 square feet at 275 Turnpike Executive Park, Canton MA. The agreement includes a one-time option to cancel the second year of lease with three-month advance notice. The location is currently occupied by the research and development group of the Company.
 
We also lease a test/warehouse/ship facility in Tijuana, Mexico. In November 2014, we entered into a one-year lease with five one-year renewal options thereafter for an 11,390 square foot facility in Tijuana, Mexico. In September 2015, we extended the term of the Tijuana lease from December 1, 2015 through November 30, 2018. In September 2015, we also signed a new lease for additional space in the adjacent building, which doubled the existing capacity of our Tijuana facility. The original term of the lease was from March 1, 2016 through November 30, 2018. The Company currently has signed a lease extension to stay in the existing facilities through at least November 30, 2020.
 
We continually seek to improve our product designs and manufacturing approach in order to improve product performance and reduce our costs. We pursue a strategy of outsourcing rather than internally developing our modem chipsets, which are application-specific integrated circuits that form the technology base for our modems. By outsourcing the chipset technology, we are able to concentrate our research and development resources on modem system design, leverage the extensive research and development capabilities of our chipset suppliers, and reduce our development time and associated costs and risks. As a result of this approach, we are able to quickly develop new products while maintaining a relatively low level of research and development expense as a percentage of net sales. We also outsource aspects of our manufacturing to contract manufacturers as a means of reducing our costs of production, and to provide us with greater flexibility in our production capacity.
 
Our gross margin for a given product generally depends on a number of factors including tariffs and the type of customer to whom we are selling. The gross margin for sales through retailers tends to be higher than for some of our other customers; the sales, support, returns, and overhead costs associated with retailers tend to be higher.
 
As of June 30, 2020, Zoom had 39 full-time and part-time employees. Thirteen employees were engaged in research and development and quality control. Seven employees were involved in operations, which manages production, inventory, purchasing, warehousing, freight, invoicing, shipping, and returns. Thirteen employees were engaged in sales, marketing, and customer technical support. The remaining six employees performed executive, accounting, administrative, and management information systems functions. Our dedicated personnel in Tijuana, Mexico are employees of our Mexican service provider and not included in our headcount. On June 30, 2020, Zoom had five consultants, one in sales, one in marketing, two in manufacturing operations and one in information systems, who are not included in our headcount.
 
 
16
 
 
Recent Developments
 
On May 7, 2020, the Company's Board of Directors approved the Company's Amended and Restated Bylaws (the "Amended and Restated Bylaws"), effective immediately.  The Amended and Restated Bylaws amend and restate in their entirety the Company's bylaws to, among other things: (i) amend the description of certain information a stockholder must provide with respect to a proposal to nominate a person for election or reelection as a Company director or other business to be considered at a stockholders meeting and the procedure for making such proposal; (ii) provide that the forum for the resolution of internal corporate claims shall be the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware; (iii) revise the description and powers of the officer positions for Chief Executive Officer and the President, and (iii) make other technical amendments. The foregoing summary is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by, the full text of the Amended and Restated Bylaws, a copy of which was filed as Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on May 13, 2020 and is incorporated by reference into this Item 2.
 
On May 11, 2020, Joseph L. Wytanis notified the Company of his decision to step down from the positions of President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company. Mr. Wytanis will serve as an advisor to the Company’s Board of Directors. The Company’s Board of Directors has formed a search committee to fill the position.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
Following is a discussion of what we view as our more significant accounting policies and estimates. As described below, management judgments and estimates must be made and used in connection with the preparation of our financial statements. We have identified areas where material differences could result in the amount and timing of our net sales, costs, and expenses for any period if we had made different judgments or used different estimates.
 
Leases. We adopted ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”, which requires lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets as a right-of-use asset with a corresponding lease liability. Lessor accounting under the standard is substantially unchanged. Additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures are also required. The Company adopted the standard effective January 1, 2019 using the alternative transition approach, which required the Company to apply the new lease standard to (i) all new lease contracts entered into after January 1, 2019 and (ii) all existing lease contracts as of January 1, 2018 through a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings. See Footnote 1 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements for additional disclosure.
 
Revenue Recognition. Revenue recognition is evaluated through the following five steps: (i) identification of the contract, or contracts, with a customer; (ii) identification of the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determination of the transaction price; (iv) allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognition of revenue when or as a performance obligation is satisfied.
 
Identification of the contract, or contracts, with a customer — a contract with a customer exists when we enter into an enforceable contract with a customer, typically a purchase order initiated by the customer, that defines each party’s rights regarding the goods to be transferred, identifies the payment terms related to these goods, and that the customer has both the ability and intent to pay.
 
Identification of the performance obligations in the contract — performance obligations promised in a contract are identified based on the goods that will be transferred to the customer that are distinct, whereby the customer can benefit from the goods on their own or together with other resources that are readily available from third parties or from us.
 
Determination of the transaction price — the transaction price is determined based on the consideration to which we will be entitled in exchange for transferring goods to the customer. This would be the agreed upon quantity and price per product type in accordance with the customer purchase order, which is aligned with our internally approved pricing guidelines.
 
Allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract — if the contract contains a single performance obligation, the entire transaction price is allocated to the single performance obligation. This applies to us as there is only one performance obligation, which is to provide the goods.
 
Recognition of revenue when, or as, we satisfy a performance obligation — we satisfy performance obligations at a point in time when control of the goods transfers to the customer. Determining the point in time when control transfers requires judgment. Indicators considered in determining whether the customer has obtained control of a good include:
 
● We have a present right to payment
● The customer has legal title to the goods
● We have transferred physical possession of the goods
● The customer has the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods
● The customer has accepted the goods
 
We have concluded that transfer of control substantively transfers to the customer upon shipment or delivery, depending on the delivery terms of the purchase agreement.
 
We primarily sell hardware products to our customers. The hardware products include cable modems and gateways, local area networking equipment including routers and MoCA adapters, DSL gateways, and dial-up modems.
 
 
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We derive our net sales primarily from the sales of hardware products through four types of customers:
 
 
Internet and local area network product retailers;
 
 
Internet and local area network product distributors;
 
 
Internet service providers; and
 
 
Original equipment manufacturers
 
We recognize hardware net sales for our customers at the point when the customers take legal ownership of the delivered products. Legal ownership passes from us to the customer based on the contractual Free on Board (“FOB”) point specified in signed contracts and purchase orders, which are both used extensively. Many of our customer contracts or purchase orders specify FOB destination, which means that title and risk remain with the seller until it has delivered the goods to the location specified in the contract. We verify the delivery date on all significant FOB destination shipments made during the last 10 business days of each quarter.
 
Our net sales of hardware include reductions resulting from certain events which are characteristic of the sales of hardware to retailers of computer peripherals. These events are product returns, certain sales and marketing incentives, price protection refunds, and consumer mail-in and in-store rebates. Each of these is accounted for as a reduction of net sales based on detailed management estimates, which are reconciled to actual customer or end-consumer credits on a monthly or quarterly basis.
 
Product Returns. Products are returned by retail stores and distributors for inventory balancing, contractual stock rotation privileges, and warranty repair or replacements. We estimate the sales and cost value of expected future product returns of previously sold products. Our estimates for product returns are based on recent historical trends plus estimates for returns prompted by, among other things, announced stock rotations and announced customer store closings. Management reviews historical returns, current economic trends, and changes in customer demand and acceptance of our products when estimating sales return allowances. Product returns are variable and under Topic 606 are estimated and recognized as a reduction of revenue as performance obligations are satisfied (e.g., upon shipment of goods). The Company monitors pending authorized returns of goods and, if deemed appropriate, record the right of return asset accordingly.
 
Price Protection Refunds. We have a policy of offering price protection to certain of our retailer and distributor customers for some or all their inventory. Under the price protection policies, when we reduce our prices for a product, the customer receives a credit for the difference between the original purchase price and our reduced price for their unsold inventory of that product. Our estimates for price protection refunds are based on a detailed understanding and tracking by customer and by sales program. Information from customer inventory-on-hand reports or from direct communications with the customers is used to estimate the refund. Price protection refunds are variable and are estimated and recognized as a reduction of revenue as performance obligations are satisfied (e.g., upon shipment of goods). The estimates due to price protection are historically not material.
 
Sales and Marketing Incentives. Many of our retailer customers require sales and marketing support funding, which is an expense item in selling expense, unless the funding is a function of sales activity and therefore variable. Sales and marketing incentives are estimated and recognized as a reduction of revenue as performance obligations are satisfied (e.g., upon shipment of goods). The estimates due to sales and marketing incentives are historically not material.
 
Rebates and Promotions. Our rebates are based on a detailed understanding and tracking by customer and sales program. Rebates and promotions are variable and are estimated and recognized as a reduction of revenue as performance obligations are satisfied (e.g., upon shipment of goods). The estimates due to rebates and promotions are historically not material.
 
Accounts Receivable Valuation. We establish accounts receivable valuation allowances equal to the above-discussed net sales adjustments for estimates of product returns, price protection refunds, consumer rebates, and general bad debt reserves. These allowances are reduced as actual credits and are issued to the customer's accounts.
 
Inventory Valuation and Cost of Goods Sold. Inventory is valued at the lower of cost, determined by the first-in, first-out method, or its net realizable value. We review inventories for obsolete and slow-moving products each quarter and make provisions based on our estimate of the probability that the material will not be consumed or that it will be sold below cost. Additionally, material product certification costs on new products are capitalized and amortized over the expected period of value of the respective products.
 
 
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Taxes. As part of the process of preparing our financial statements we estimate our income tax expense and deferred income tax position. This process involves the estimation of our actual current tax exposure together with assessing temporary differences resulting from differing treatment of items for tax and accounting purposes. These differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included in our balance sheet. We then assess the likelihood that our deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income. To the extent we believe that recovery is not likely, we establish a valuation allowance. Changes in the valuation allowance are reflected in the statement of operations.
 
Significant management judgment is required in determining our provision for income taxes and any valuation allowances. We have recorded a 100% valuation allowance against our deferred income tax assets. It is management's estimate that, after considering all available objective evidence, historical and prospective, with greater weight given to historical evidence, it is more likely than not that these assets will not be realized. If we establish a record of continuing profitability, at some point we will be required to reduce the valuation allowance and recognize an equal income tax benefit which will increase net income in that period(s).
 
As of December 31, 2019, we had federal net operating loss carry forwards of approximately $56.3 million which are available to offset future taxable income. They are due to expire in varying amounts from 2020 to 2038. As of December 31, 2019, we had state net operating loss carry forwards of approximately $11.4 million which are available to offset future taxable income. They are due to expire in varying amounts from 2031 through 2038. A valuation allowance has been established for the full amount of deferred income tax assets as management has concluded that it is more-likely than-not that the benefits from such assets will not be realized.
 
Results of Operations
 
Comparison of the three months ended June 30, 2020 to the three months ended June 30, 2019
 
Summary. Net sales were $10.27 million for the second quarter ended June 30, 2020 (“Q2 2020”), up 25.9% from $8.16 million for the second quarter of 2019 (“Q2 2019”). We reported a net loss of $1.52 million or $0.07 per share for Q2 2019 compared to a net loss of $805 thousand or $0.04 per share for Q2 2019.
 
The addition of US tariffs and the COVID-19 pandemic has created potential disruptions to the Company’s operations. The 25% US tariffs assessed on products imported from China had a significant impact on cash and net loss for 2019. In the second quarter of 2020, these tariffs were $1.04 million. These tariffs will continue to have an impact on our financial performance until the Company has fully transitioned all of its production supply out of China. In late 2019, the Company made the decision to move its outsourced manufacturing operations from China to Vietnam, primarily to end the exposure to the trade-war imposed tariffs with China. While the COVID-19 pandemic caused delays in the original transition plan, the Company is worked actively with its primary outsourced development partner to establish manufacturing operations in Haiphong, Vietnam. The transition to Vietnam was completed in June 2020. All manufacturing of existing models will take place in Vietnam. During the balance of the year, only the initial manufacturing runs of new models will take place in China. The Company expects that this will save approximately $500,000 per month in tariff cost by Q1 2021, plus release an additional $800,000 in restricted cash over the next year related to performance bonds required to be posted related to the tariffs.
 
During this factory transition and while recovering from the COVID-19 related supply chain shock, the Company temporarily shifted from the use of primarily ocean freight during prior quarters to the use of primarily air freight during Q2 2020 to keep up with demand and replenish supply. This resulted in an additional $0.9 million in freight expense incurred during the second quarter. The tariffs and increased freight expense and were the primary reason for the Company recording a net loss of $1.53 million for the quarter.
 
The Company implemented cost cutting measures to conserve cash during the six months ended June 30, 2020, delaying the planned start dates of all new hiring during 2020, and gave notice that it will not renew the same footprint of its headquarters office lease when it expired in June 2020, The Company has, retained just one small office within thein the current co-work space office suite on a short-term, month-to-month basis at a cost of $720 per month. Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company’s work force continues to work remotely, and is continuing operations. We negotiated extended and improved payment terms through the end of June 2020 with our primary outsourced manufacturing partner.
 
Net Sales. Our total net sales for Q2 2020 increased $2.1 million or 25.9% from Q2 2019. Most of this growth was driven by increases in cable modem and cable modem/routers, DSL products, and local area network products. In Q2 2020, three companies accounted for 10% or greater individually, and 88% in the aggregate, of our total net sales. In Q2 2019 two companies accounted for 10% or greater individually, and 83% in the aggregate, of our total net sales.
 
Gross Profit. Gross profit was $2.1 million or 20.7% of net sales in Q2 2020, a decrease from $2.8 million or 33.9% of net sales in Q2 2019. China tariff expense of approximately $1.0 million in Q2 2020 reduced gross margin by 10.1% of net revenues, compared with China tariff expense of approximately $416 thousand or 5.1% of net revenues in Q2 of 2019.
 
Selling Expense. Selling expense was $2.3 million or 22.2% of net sales in Q2 2020, down from $2.6 million or 31.3% of net sales in Q2 2019. The decrease of $0.3 million was primarily due to decreases in advertising and retailer-focused marketing expenses partially offset by increases in Motorola trademark royalty costs.
 
 
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General and Administrative Expense. General and administrative expense was $716 thousand or 7.0% of net sales in Q2 2020, up from $557 thousand or 6.8% of net sales in Q2 2019. The increase of $159 thousand was primarily due to increased legal expenses.
 
Research and Development Expense. Research and development expense was $644 thousand or 6.3% of net sales in Q2 2020, up from $438 thousand or 5.4% of net sales in Q2 2019. The increase of $207 thousand was primarily due to increased salary and related expenses and new product testing and certification costs.
 
Other Income (Expense), Net. Other expense was $1 thousand in Q2 2020 and $12 thousand in Q2 2019, reflecting reduced interest costs on our working capital line of credit.
 
Net Loss. Net loss was $1.53 million for Q2 2020, compared to net loss of $805 thousand for Q2 2019, primarily due to tariff-related reduction of gross profit and increased freight costs associated with inventory supply disruptions caused by COVID-19.
 
Comparison of the six months ended June 30, 2020 to the six months ended June 30, 2019
 
Summary. Net sales were $22.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, up 37.5% from $16.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. We reported a net loss of $2.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to a net loss of $1.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. Loss per diluted share was $0.10 for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to a loss per diluted share of $0.11 for the six months ended June 30, 2019.
 
Net Sales. Our total net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2020 increased $6.1 million or 37.5% from the six months ended June 30, 2019, primarily due to continued revenue growth of Motorola brand products in response to strong consumer demand for home networking equipment. Geographically, our North American sales continued their dominant share of our overall sales, representing 98% and 97% of our net sales through six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 respectively. In the six months ended June 30, 2020, three companies accounted for 10% or greater individually, and 89% in the aggregate, of our total net sales. In the six months ended June 30, 2019, two companies accounted for 10% or greater individually, and 82% in the aggregate, of our total net sales.
 
Gross Profit. Gross profit was $5.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019. Our gross margin for the first six months of 2020 was 23.5%, down from our gross margin of 32.1% for the six months ended June 30, 2019, primarily due to China tariffs increasing cost of goods by approximately $2.5 million or 11.4% of net revenues and increased use of air freight during Q220.
 
Selling Expense. Selling expense was $4.6 million or 20.9% of net sales in the six months ended June 30, 2020, down from $5.0 million or 30.9% of net sales in the six months ended June 30, 2019. The decrease of $363 thousand was primarily due to decreased advertising expense partially offset by increased Motorola trademark royalty costs.
 
General and Administrative Expense. General and administrative expense was $1.5 million or 6.9% of net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2020, up from $1.1 million or 7.0% of net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The increase of $419 thousand was primarily due to increased legal costs in support of private investment, proxy and annual meeting, and other services and salary costs associated with executive management changes during the first half of the year.
 
Research and Development Expense. Research and development expense was $1.3 million or 5.8% of net sales in the six months ended June 30, 2020, up from $920 thousand or 5.7% of net sales in the six months ended June 30, 2019. The increase of $377 thousand was due primarily to increased salary and fringe benefit costs reflecting new hires made during the second half of 2019, and partly reduced by lower product certification expenses.
 
Other Income (Expense). Other expense for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was $7 thousand versus $46 thousand in the six months ended June 30, 2019. The difference is primarily due to decreased interest expense incurred on our working capital line of credit.
 
Net Loss. Net loss was $2.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, compared to a net loss of $1.9 million for six months ended June 30, 2019.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
The Company’s cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash balance on June 30, 2020 was $8.4 million, of which $800 thousand was restricted and related to tariff payment bonds. This compares to $1.4 million on December 31, 2019, of which $150 thousand was restricted and related to tariff payment bonds. On June 30, 2020, the Company had no borrowings outstanding under its $3.0 million working capital credit line, $583.3 thousand outstanding under a note, working capital of $6.9 million, and a current ratio of 1.6.
 
 
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The Company closed on a $3.4 million private placement and issued an aggregate of 2,237,103 shares on May 26, 2020 at a purchase price of $1.52 per share. In connection with the closing of the offering, two designees of an investor in the private placement joined Zoom’s Board of Directors.
 
The Company closed on a $5.0 million private placement and issued an aggregate of 4,545,455 shares on May 3, 2019 at a purchase price of $1.10 per share. In connection with the closing of the offering, two designees of an investor in the private placement joined Zoom’s Board of Directors.
 
The Company’s financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern and contemplates continuity of operations, realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is contingent upon, among other factors, the Company’s ability to generate sufficient cash flow from operations, decrease operating costs, obtain additional equity or debt financing and comply with the financial and other covenants contained in the Company’s Financing Agreement, as amended, with Rosenthal & Rosenthal, Inc. as described in Note 7. These financial statements do not include any adjustments to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.
 
The assessment of US tariffs and the COVID-19 pandemic have given rise to potential disruptions to the Company’s operations. The 25% US tariffs assessed on products imported from China had a significant impact on cash and net loss for 2019 and the first half of 2020. In the six months ended June 30, 2020, these tariffs were $2.5 million and were the primary reason for the Company recording a net loss of $2.3 million for the same period. These tariffs are expected to be reduced during the second half of 2020 to below $100 thousand a month by year end. The transition to Vietnam is complete and all current models of the Company’s products are now being manufactured in Vietnam as of the end of June 2020.
 
 The Company implemented cost cutting measures to conserve cash during the six months ended June 30, 2020, delaying the planned start dates of all new hiring during 2020, and gave notice that it will not renew the same footprint of its headquarters office lease when it expired in June 2020, retaining just one small office in the current co-work space office suite. Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company’s work force continues to work remotely, and is continuing operations. We negotiated extended and improved payment terms through the end of June 2020 with our primary outsourced manufacturing partner.
 
Due to requirements of the United States Department of Homeland Security and resulting from the continued 25% tariff on imports from China, the Company was required to commit to three letters of credit totaling $800 thousand. These funds are reported as restricted cash on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
 
The Company applied for and received approval for an SBA Paycheck Protection Plan Loan with Primary Bank under the CARES Act. The loan from the US government in the amount of $583.3 thousand was approved in mid-April and funded in late April 2020.
 
On April 13, 2020, the Company entered into a sixth amendment to the Financing Agreement with Rosenthal & Rosenthal, Inc. This amendment increased the size of the Company’s revolving credit line to $4.0 million effective on the date of this amendment. The Company’s credit line has a maturity date of November 2020, and automatically renews from year to year unless cancelled under the terms of Financing Agreement, as amended.
 
The Company entered into an extension of its networking product license agreement with Motorola through 2025 and also entered into a new license agreement with Motorola to sell consumer grade home security and monitoring products and to provide related services. The Company continues to develop new products and expects to introduce several new models to the market during the remainder of 2020 and 2021.
 
The Company’s ability to maintain adequate levels of liquidity depends in part on its ability to sell inventory on hand, to continue to manufacture and import more inventory to meet existing demand, and to collect related receivables. The Company has executed its plan to move the manufacture of its products to outside of China by the end of June 2020. The Company also continues to work with its distribution partners in North America to deliver inventory to its customers. The current environment is difficult, particularly due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and the outcome of these matters cannot be predicted with any certainty at this time. While the Company is currently benefitting from increased demand for its products, there can be no assurance this increased demand will continue or that COVID-19 related disruptions in the supply chain will not occur again, which would raise challenges to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.
 
 
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Commitments
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, except as otherwise disclosed in this Form 10-Q, there were no material changes to our capital commitments and contractual obligations from those disclosed in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We did not have any material off-balance sheet arrangements as of June 30, 2020. With the adoption of ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”, which requires lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets as a right-of-use asset with a corresponding lease liability, effective January 1, 2019, off-balance sheet lease arrangements are now reported on the Company balance sheet. See Footnote 5 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements for additional disclosure.
 
ITEM 3. 
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) and are not required to provide the information under this Item.
 
ITEM 4. 
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports pursuant to the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, as ours are designed to do, and management necessarily was required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.
 
In connection with the preparation of this Quarterly Report on the Form 10-Q, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act as of June 30, 2020. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.
 
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the period covered by this report that have affected, or are reasonably likely to affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
 
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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1. 
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
For a description of our material pending legal proceedings, please refer to Note 4(a), “Contingencies” of the Notes to Condensed Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, which is incorporated herein by reference.
 
ITEM 1A. 
RISK FACTORS
 
We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and, as such, are not required to provide the information under this Item.
 
Nevertheless, we call your attention to the Item 1-A. – Risk Factors section of our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 as supplemented by additional risk factors found in the Item 1A. – Risk Factors section of our Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020.
 
ITEM 2. 
UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
 
 
None.
 
ITEM 3. 
DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
 
 
None.
 
ITEM 4. 
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
 
 
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 5. 
OTHER INFORMATION
 
None.
 
 
23
 
 
ITEM 6. 
EXHIBITS
 
Exhibit No.
 
Exhibit Description
 
 
 
 
Form of Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Zoom Telephonics, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form 10, filed on September 4, 2009).
 
Certificate of Amendment to Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Zoom Telephonics, Inc. (incorporated by the reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant’s Form 8-K filed on November 18, 2015).
 
Certificate of Amendment to Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Zoom Telephonics, Inc. (incorporated by the reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant’s Form 8-K filed on July 30, 2019).
 
Certificate of Designation of Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Registrant’s Form 8-K filed on November 18, 2015).
 
Amended and Restated Bylaws of Zoom Telephonics, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant’s Form 8-K filed on May 13, 2020).
 
Separation Agreement, dated as of May 15, 2020, by and between Zoom Telephonics, Inc. and Joseph L. Wytanis (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Form 8-K filed on May 21, 2020).*
 
Stock Purchase Agreement, dated May 26, 2020, by and between the Zoom Telephonics, Inc. and the Investors named therein (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Form 8-K filed on May 27, 2020).
 
Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of PEO.
Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of PFO.
Section 1350 Certification of PEO.+
Section 1350 Certification of PFO.+
101.INS
101.SCH
101.CAL
101.DEF
101.LAB
101.PRE
 
XBRL Instance Document
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase Document
XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document
104
 
Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).
______________
 
 
*         
Management contract or any compensatory plan, contract or arrangement.
 
+ 
In accordance with Item 601(b)(32)(ii) of Regulation S-K, the certifications furnished in Exhibit 32.1 and Exhibit 32.2 hereto is deemed to accompany this Form 10-Q and will not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act. Such certifications will not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filings under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, except to the extent that the registrant specifically incorporates it by reference.
 
 
24
 
 
SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
ZOOM TELEPHONICS, INC.
(Registrant)
 
 
 
Date: August 13, 2020
By:
/s/ JACQUELYN BARRY HAMILTON
 
 
Jacquelyn Barry Hamilton
Chief Financial Officer
(on behalf of Registrant and as Principal Financial Officer)
 
 
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