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EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION - Xenetic Biosciences, Inc.xenetic_-ex3201.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION - Xenetic Biosciences, Inc.xenetic_-ex3102.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION - Xenetic Biosciences, Inc.xenetic_-ex3101.htm
EX-10.3 - WORK ORDER - Xenetic Biosciences, Inc.xenetic_10q-ex1003.htm
EX-10.2 - MASTER SERVICES AGREEMENT - Xenetic Biosciences, Inc.xenetic_10q-ex1002.htm
EX-10.1 - RESEARCH FUNDING AGREEMENT - Xenetic Biosciences, Inc.xenetic_10q-ex1001.htm

Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

x     QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020  

 

or

¨      TRANSITION REPORTS PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the transition period from                      to                     

   


 

Commission File Number: 001-37937

 

XENETIC BIOSCIENCES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

   

 

Nevada

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

45-2952962

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

40 Speen Street, Suite 102

Framingham, Massachusetts 01701

(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)  

 

781-778-7720

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share XBIO The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Purchase Warrants XBIOW The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days):    Yes  x    No  ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files):    Yes  x    No  ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

 

Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer ¨  
Non-accelerated filer x Smaller reporting company x  
Emerging growth company ¨      

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2):    Yes  ¨    No  x

 

As of August 7, 2020, the number of outstanding shares of the registrant’s common stock was 6,296,227.

 

 

 

   

 

 

XENETIC BIOSCIENCES, INC.

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2020

 

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
     
Item 1 Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements: 3
     
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2020 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2019 3
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 4
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 5
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 7
     
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) 8
     
Item 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 15
     
Item 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 22
     
Item 4 Controls and Procedures 22
     
PART II OTHER INFORMATION  
     
Item 1 Legal Proceedings 24
     
Item 1A Risk Factors 24
     
Item 2 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 24
     
Item 3 Defaults Upon Senior Securities 24
     
Item 4 Mine Safety Disclosures 24
     
Item 5 Other Information 25
     
Item 6 Exhibits 25
   
Signatures 26

 

 

 

 

 

 2 

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1 - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

XENETIC BIOSCIENCES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

 

  

June 30,

2020

  

December 31,

2019

 
   (Unaudited)     
         
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash  $8,066,460   $10,367,920 
Prepaid expenses and other   1,049,339    722,079 
Total current assets   9,115,799    11,089,999 
           
Property and equipment, net       757 
Indefinite-lived intangible assets   9,243,128    9,243,128 
Other assets   704,431    1,213,042 
Total assets  $19,063,358   $21,546,926 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $250,075   $931,128 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   537,253    484,029 
Total current liabilities   787,328    1,415,157 
           
Deferred tax liability   2,918,518    2,918,518 
Total liabilities   3,705,846    4,333,675 
           
Commitments (Note 10)          
Stockholders' equity:          
Preferred stock, 10,000,000 shares authorized          
Series B, $0.001 par value: 1,804,394 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019   1,804    1,804 
Series A, $0.001 par value: 970,000 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019   970    970 
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 12,500,000 shares authorized as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019; 6,323,218 and 6,092,432 shares issued as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively; 6,296,227 and 6,065,441 shares outstanding as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively   6,322    6,092 
Additional paid in capital   188,517,553    188,240,451 
Accumulated deficit   (168,141,691)   (166,008,620)
Accumulated other comprehensive income   253,734    253,734 
Treasury stock   (5,281,180)   (5,281,180)
Total stockholders' equity   15,357,512    17,213,251 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity  $19,063,358   $21,546,926 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 

 3 

 

 

XENETIC BIOSCIENCES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 

 

   THREE MONTHS ENDED
JUNE 30,
   SIX MONTHS ENDED
JUNE 30,
 
   2020   2019   2020   2019 
Revenue:                    
Royalty revenue  $112,927   $   $169,676   $ 
Total revenue   112,927        169,676     
                     
Operating costs and expenses:                    
Research and development  $(307,900)  $(487,519)  $(667,551)  $(951,301)
General and administrative   (787,486)   (890,779)   (1,715,366)   (1,754,152)
Total operating costs and expenses   (1,095,386)   (1,378,298)   (2,382,917)   (2,705,453)
Loss from operations   (982,459)   (1,378,298)   (2,213,241)   (2,705,453)
                     
Other income:                    
Other income   192    735    58    490 
Interest income, net   28,625    163    80,112    313 
Total other income   28,817    898    80,170    803 
                     
Net loss  $(953,642)  $(1,377,400)  $(2,133,071)  $(2,704,650)
                     
Deemed dividend               (3,879,447)
                     
Net loss applicable to common stockholders  $(953,642)  $(1,377,400)  $(2,133,071)  $(6,584,097)
                     
Basic and diluted loss per share  $(0.15)  $(1.56)  $(0.34)  $(7.79)
                     
Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding, basic and diluted   6,288,351    882,107    6,260,841    844,749 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 4 

 

 

XENETIC BIOSCIENCES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

(Unaudited)

 

THREE MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2020

 

   Preferred Stock   Common Stock   Additional       Accumulated Other       Total 
   Number of Shares   Par Value ($0.001)   Number of Shares   Par Value ($0.001)   Paid in Capital   Accumulated Deficit   Comprehensive Income   Treasury Stock   Stockholders' Equity 
Balance as of April 1, 2020   2,774,394   $2,774    6,311,906   $6,311   $188,405,830   $(167,188,049)  $253,734   $(5,281,180)  $16,199,420 
Issuance of common stock to vendor           1,188    1    (1)                
Share-based expense                   111,734                111,734 
Exercise of purchase warrants           10,124    10    (10)                
Net loss                       (953,642)           (953,642)
Balance as of June 30, 2020   2,774,394   $2,774    6,323,218   $6,322   $188,517,553   $(168,141,691)  $253,734   $(5,281,180)  $15,357,512 

  

SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2020

 

   Preferred Stock   Common Stock   Additional       Accumulated Other       Total 
   Number of Shares   Par Value ($0.001)   Number of Shares   Par Value ($0.001)   Paid in Capital   Accumulated Deficit   Comprehensive Income   Treasury Stock   Stockholders' Equity 
Balance as of January 1, 2020   2,774,394   $2,774    6,092,432   $6,092   $188,240,451   $(166,008,620)  $253,734   $(5,281,180)  $17,213,251 
Issuance of common stock to vendor           1,188    1    (1)                
Share-based expense                   277,332                277,332 
Exercise of purchase warrants           229,598    229    (229)                
Net loss                       (2,133,071)           (2,133,071)
Balance as of June 30, 2020   2,774,394   $2,774    6,323,218   $6,322   $188,517,553   $(168,141,691)  $253,734   $(5,281,180)  $15,357,512 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 5 

 

 

XENETIC BIOSCIENCES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

(Unaudited)

 

 

THREE MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019

 

   Preferred Stock   Common Stock   Additional       Accumulated Other       Total 
   Number of Shares   Par Value ($0.001)   Number of Shares   Par Value ($0.001)   Paid in Capital   Accumulated Deficit   Comprehensive Income   Treasury Stock   Stockholders' Equity 
Balance as of April 1, 2019   2,774,394   $2,774    897,523   $898   $171,103,147   $(154,560,845)  $253,734   $(5,281,180)  $11,518,528 
Exercise of pre-funded warrants           42,417    42    467                509 
Issuance of common stock to vendor           7,836    7    (7)                
Issuance of common stock to adjust for reverse split rounding           1,442    1    (1)                
Share-based expense                   234,154                234,154 
Common stock awards to vendors                   15,000                15,000 
Net loss                       (1,377,400)           (1,377,400)
Balance as of June 30, 2019   2,774,394   $2,774    949,218   $948   $171,352,760   $(155,938,245)  $253,734   $(5,281,180)  $10,390,791 

  

 

SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019

 

   Preferred Stock   Common Stock   Additional       Accumulated Other       Total 
   Number of Shares   Par Value ($0.001)   Number of Shares   Par Value ($0.001)   Paid in Capital   Accumulated Deficit   Comprehensive Income   Treasury Stock   Stockholders' Equity 
Balance as of January 1, 2019   2,774,394   $2,774    810,856   $811   $168,170,244   $(153,233,595)  $253,734   $(5,281,180)  $9,912,788 
Issuance of common stock and warrants in March 2019 registered direct offering, net of issuance costs           86,667    87    2,698,963                2,699,050 
Exercise of pre-funded warrants           42,417    42    467                509 
Issuance of common stock to vendor           7,836    7    (7)                
Issuance of common stock to adjust for reverse split rounding           1,442    1    (1)                
Deemed dividend related to Series B Preferred Stock down round provision                   3,879,447                3,879,447 
Accretion of deemed dividend related to Series B Preferred Stock down round provision                   (3,879,447)               (3,879,447)
Share-based expense                   450,667                450,667 
Common stock awards to vendors                   32,427                32,427 
Net loss                       (2,704,650)           (2,704,650)
Balance as of June 30, 2019   2,774,394   $2,774    949,218   $948   $171,352,760   $(155,938,245)  $253,734   $(5,281,180)  $10,390,791 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 6 

 

 

 

XENETIC BIOSCIENCES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

 

   Six Months Ended June 30, 
   2020   2019 
         
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:          
Net loss  $(2,133,071)  $(2,704,650)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Depreciation   757    2,412 
Amortization of right of use asset   13,765    10,179 
Gain on sale of property and equipment       (2,000)
Gain on settlement with vendor   (143,639)    
Share-based expense   277,332    450,667 
Vendor share-based expense       32,427 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Prepaid expenses and other assets   167,586    (775,258)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities   (484,190)   680,767 
Net cash used in operating activities   (2,301,460)   (2,305,456)
           
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:          
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment       2,000 
Net cash provided by investing activities       2,000 
           
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:          
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock and warrants       2,699,559 
Net cash provided by financing activities       2,699,559 
           
Net change in cash   (2,301,460)   396,103 
Cash at beginning of period   10,367,920    638,115 
           
Cash at end of period  $8,066,460   $1,034,218 
           
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:          
Cash paid for interest  $   $8 
           
SUPPLEMENTAL SCHEDULE OF NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:          
Right of use asset acquired in exchange for lease liability  $   $43,330 
Issuance of common stock from cashless exercise of purchase warrants  $229   $ 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 7 

 

 

XENETIC BIOSCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

1. The Company

 

Background

 

Xenetic Biosciences, Inc. (“Xenetic” or the “Company”), incorporated in the state of Nevada and based in Framingham, Massachusetts, is a biopharmaceutical company focused on progressing XCART, a personalized Chimeric Antigen Receptor (“CAR”) T platform technology engineered to target patient- and tumor-specific neoantigens. The Company is initially advancing cell-based therapeutics targeting the unique B-cell receptor on the surface of an individual patient’s malignant tumor cells, for the treatment of B-cell lymphomas. The XCART technology, developed by the Scripps Research Institute in collaboration with the Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, is believed to have the potential to significantly enhance the safety and efficacy of cell therapy for B-cell lymphomas by generating patient- and tumor-specific CAR T cells.

 

Additionally, Xenetic is leveraging its proprietary drug delivery platform, PolyXen®, by partnering with biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. PolyXen is an enabling platform technology which can be applied to protein or peptide therapeutics. It employs the natural polymer polysialic acid to prolong a drug's circulating half-life and potentially improve other pharmacological properties. Xenetic incorporates its patented and proprietary technologies into a number of drug candidates currently under development with biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry collaborators to create what the Company believes will be the next-generation biologic drugs with improved pharmacological properties over existing therapeutics.

 

As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Quarterly Report”), unless otherwise indicated, all references herein to “Xenetic,” the “Company,” “we” or “us” refer to Xenetic Biosciences, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries.

 

The Company, directly or indirectly, through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Hesperix S.A. (“Hesperix”) and Xenetic Biosciences (U.K.) Limited (“Xenetic UK”), and the wholly-owned subsidiaries of Xenetic UK, Lipoxen Technologies Limited (“Lipoxen”), Xenetic Bioscience, Incorporated and SymbioTec, GmbH (“SymbioTec”), own various United States (“U.S.”) federal trademark registrations and applications, and unregistered trademarks and service marks, including but not limited to XCART, OncoHist™, PolyXen, ErepoXen™, and ImuXen™, which are used throughout this Quarterly Report. All other company and product names may be trademarks of the respective companies with which they are associated.

 

Going Concern and Management’s Plan

 

Management evaluates whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. The Company has incurred substantial losses since its inception and expects to continue to incur operating losses in the near-term. These factors raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. The Company believes that it has access to capital resources through possible public or private equity offerings, debt financings, corporate collaborations, related party funding, or other means to continue as a going concern. During 2019, the Company completed two stock offerings that resulted in $16.1 million of net proceeds to the Company. The Company believes that its existing resources will be adequate to fund the Company’s operations through mid-2021. However, the Company anticipates it may need additional capital in the long-term to pursue its business initiatives. The terms, timing and extent of any future financing will depend upon several factors, including the achievement of progress in its clinical development programs, its ability to identify and enter into licensing or other strategic arrangements, and factors related to financial, economic and market conditions, many of which are beyond its control.

  

 

 

 

 8 

 

 

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Preparation of Interim Financial Statements

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated interim financial statements were prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and, in the opinion of management, include all normal and recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the results of the interim periods shown. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such SEC rules and regulations. Management believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. The results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. The condensed consolidated financial statements contained herein should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed with the SEC on March 26, 2020 and amended on April 29, 2020.

 

On June 25, 2019, the Company effected a reduction, on a 1 for 12 basis, in its authorized common stock, par value $0.001, along with a corresponding and proportional decrease in the number of shares issued and outstanding (the “Reverse Stock Split”). On the effective date of the Reverse Stock Split, (i) every 12 shares of common stock were reduced to one share of common stock, with any fractional amounts rounded up to one share; (ii) the number of shares of common stock into which each outstanding warrant, restricted stock unit, or option to purchase common stock were proportionately reduced on the same basis as the common stock; (iii) the exercise price of each outstanding warrant or option to purchase common stock were proportionately increased on a 1 for 12 basis; and (iv) the number of shares of common stock into which each share of preferred stock could be converted were proportionately reduced on the same basis as the common stock. Unless otherwise indicated, all of the share numbers, share prices, and exercise prices have been adjusted, on a retroactive basis, to reflect this Reverse Stock Split.

 

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the presentation for the current period.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of Hesperix, Xenetic UK and Xenetic UK’s wholly owned subsidiaries: Lipoxen, Xenetic Bioscience, Incorporated, and SymbioTec. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Basic and Diluted Net Loss per Share

 

The Company computes basic net loss per share by dividing net loss applicable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding during the period. The Company computes diluted net loss per share after giving consideration to the dilutive effect of stock options that are outstanding during the period, except where such non-participating securities would be anti-dilutive.

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, basic and diluted net loss per share are the same for each respective period due to the Company’s net loss position. Potentially dilutive, non-participating securities have not been included in the calculations of diluted net loss per share, as their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.

  

 

 

 

 9 

 

 

Recent Accounting Standards

 

In November 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2018-18, Clarifying the Interaction between Topic 808 and Topic 606. The guidance clarifies that certain transactions between collaborative arrangement participants should be accounted for as revenue under ASC 606 when the collaborative arrangement participant is a customer for a promised good or service that is distinct within the collaborative arrangement. The guidance also precludes entities from presenting amounts related to transactions with a collaborative arrangement participant that is not a customer as revenue, unless those transactions are directly related to third-party sales. ASU 2018-18 is effective in the first quarter of 2020 and should be applied retrospectively to January 1, 2018, when the Company adopted ASC 606. Early adoption is permitted. The new guidance was adopted on January 1, 2020 and it did not have a material effect on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The guidance eliminates, adds and modifies certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements as part of its disclosure framework project. ASU 2018-13 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those annual periods and early adoption is permitted. The new guidance was adopted on January 1, 2020 and it did not have a material effect on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3. Significant Strategic Collaborations

 

The Company has entered into various research, development, license and supply agreements with Takeda Pharmaceuticals Co. Ltd. (“Takeda”), Serum Institute of India (“Serum Institute”), Pharmsynthez and SynBio LLC (“SynBio”), a wholly owned subsidiary of Pharmsynthez. The Company and its collaborative partners continue to engage in research and development activities with no resultant commercial products through June 30, 2020. In October 2017, the Company granted to Takeda the right to grant a non-exclusive sublicense to certain patents related to the Company’s PolyXen technology that were previously exclusively licensed to Takeda in connection with products related to the treatment of blood and bleeding disorders. Royalty payments of approximately $113,000 and $170,000 were recorded as revenue by the Company during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. The Company’s policy is to recognize royalty payments as revenue when they are reliably measurable, which is upon receipt of reports from Takeda. The Company receives these reports in the quarter subsequent to the actual sublicensee sales. There were no remaining performance obligations and all other revenue recognition criteria were met. There were no amounts recognized under this sublicense agreement during the three and six months ended June 30, 2019. No amounts were recognized as revenue related to the Serum Institute, Pharmsynthez or SynBio agreements during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

On May 15, 2020, the Company and The Scripps Research Institute (“Scripps Research”) entered into a Research Funding and Option Agreement (the “Scripps Agreement”), pursuant to which the Company has agreed to provide Scripps Research an aggregate of up to $3.0 million to fund research relating to advancing the pre-clinical development of XCART™. The research funding is payable by the Company to Scripps Research on a quarterly basis in accordance with a negotiated budget, which provides for an initial payment of approximately $300,000 on the date of the Scripps Agreement and subsequent quarterly payments of approximately $300,000 over a 27-month period. Under the Scripps Agreement, Scripps Research has granted the Company a license within the Field (as defined in the Scripps Agreement) to any Patent Rights or Technology (as defined in the Scripps Agreement) under the terms of that certain license agreement with Scripps Research, dated February 25, 2019, assigned to the Company on March 1, 2019. Additionally, the Company has the option to acquire a worldwide exclusive license to Scripps Research’s rights in the Technology or Patent Rights not already licensed to the Company, as well as a non-exclusive, royalty-free, non-transferrable license to make and use Scripps Research Technology (as defined in the Scripps Agreement) solely for the Company’s internal research purposes during the performance of the research program contemplated by the Scripps Agreement.

 

 

 

 

 10 

 

 

4. Property and Equipment, net

 

Property and equipment, net consists of the following:

 

   June 30,
2020
   December 31,
2019
 
Office and computer equipment  $42,289   $42,289 
Furniture and fixtures   14,738    14,738 
Property and equipment – at cost   57,027    57,027 
Less accumulated depreciation   (57,027)   (56,270)
Property and equipment – net  $   $757 

 

Depreciation expense was approximately $200 and $1,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and approximately $800 and $2,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

  

5. Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets

 

The Company’s indefinite-lived intangible asset, OncoHist, is in-process research and development (“IPR&D”) relating to the Company’s business combination with SymbioTec in 2012. The carrying value of the IPR&D was approximately $9.2 million as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. IPR&D is required to be tested annually until the project is completed or abandoned. The IPR&D is not yet commercialized and, therefore, has not yet begun to be amortized as of June 30, 2020. The Company assesses IPR&D for impairment at least annually as of October 1 or when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may be impaired. No impairment was recorded during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 nor during the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

6. Fair Value Measurements

 

Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or be paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company applies the following fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value into three levels and bases the categorization within the hierarchy upon the lowest level of input that is available and significant to the fair value measurement. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date. Level 2 utilizes quoted market prices in markets that are not active, broker or dealer quotations, or alternative pricing sources with reasonable levels of price transparency. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability in which there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability at the measurement date. The carrying amounts of certain of the Company’s financial instruments approximates fair value due to their short maturities.

  

7. Stockholders’ Equity

 

Warrants

 

In connection with certain of the Company’s collaboration agreements and consulting arrangements, the Company has issued warrants to purchase shares of common stock as payment for services. As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, collaboration warrants to purchase 30,307 and 32,412 shares of common stock were outstanding, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, collaboration warrants to purchase 2,105 shares expired. The outstanding warrants as of June 30, 2020 have an average weighted exercise price of $124.74 and expiration dates ranging from April 27, 2021 through May 2021. No collaboration warrants were granted or exercised in connection with collaboration or consulting services during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

 

 

 

 11 

 

 

In addition, the Company has outstanding warrants to purchase an aggregate of 428,959 and 658,557 shares of common stock in connection with debt and equity financing arrangements as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. These warrants have an average weighted exercise price of $40.88 as of June 30, 2020 and expiration dates ranging from July 2020 through September 2026. There were no debt and equity financing warrants granted during the six months ended June 30, 2020 and warrants to purchase 129,084 shares of common stock were granted during the six months ended June 30, 2019. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, debt and equity financing warrants to purchase approximately 230,000 shares of common stock were exercised on a cashless one-for-one basis. No debt or equity financing warrants were exercised during the three and six months ended June 30, 2019.

 

8. Share-Based Expense

 

Total share-based expense related to stock options, restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and common stock awards were approximately $0.1 million and $0.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and approximately $0.3 million and $0.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

  

Share-based compensation expense is classified in the condensed consolidated statements of operations as follows:

 

   Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30, 
   2020   2019   2020   2019 
Research and development expenses  $12,936   $31,660   $26,294   $43,078 
General and administrative expenses   98,798    217,494    251,038    440,016 
   $111,734   $249,154   $277,332   $483,094 

 

Employee Stock Options

 

There were no employee stock options or RSUs granted or exercised during the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company recognized a total of $0.1 million and $0.2 million of compensation expense related to employee stock options during the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $0.3 million and $0.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

Non-Employee Stock Options

 

The Company did not grant any non-employee stock options during the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company recognized approximately $4,000 and $7,000 of expense during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. The Company did not recognize any expense related to non-employee stock options during the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively.

 

Common Stock Awards

 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company granted 1,188 and 1,873 common stock awards, respectively, based on the value of the professional services provided and the average stock price during the respective periods. As all services were rendered during the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, approximately $15,000 and $32,000 of expense related to common stock awards was recognized, respectively. There were no common stock awards granted during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company issued 1,188 shares related to these awards. As of June 30, 2020, there were 7,406 common stock awards authorized but not issued.

 

 

 

 

 12 

 

 

9. Income Taxes

 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, there was no provision for income taxes as the Company incurred losses during both periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities reflect the net tax effect of temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes. The Company records a valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets as the Company believes it is more likely than not the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The valuation allowance against deferred tax assets was approximately $26.3 million and $25.9 million as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the net deferred tax liability of $2.9 million on the condensed consolidated balance sheets is related to book and tax basis differences for intangible assets with indefinite lives. In accordance with ASC 740-10-30-18, the deferred tax liability related to the intangible assets cannot be used to offset deferred tax assets when determining the amount of the valuation allowance for deferred tax assets which are not more-likely-than-not to be realized. This results in a net deferred tax liability, even though the Company has a full valuation allowance on its other net deferred tax assets. This net deferred tax liability will continue to be reflected on the balance sheet until the related intangible assets are no longer held by the Company.

 

As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company did not record any unrecognized tax positions.

  

10. Commitments

 

Supplemental cash flow information and non-cash activity related to our operating leases are as follows:

 

  

Six Months

Ended

June 30,

 
   2020 
Operating cash flow information:     
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities  $13,765 

 

Supplemental balance sheet information related to our operating leases is as follows:

 

   Balance Sheet Classification  June 30, 2020 
Right-of-use assets  Prepaid expenses and other  $6,277 
Current lease liabilities  Accrued expenses and other current liabilities  $6,277 

 

11. Related Party Transactions

 

The Company has entered into various research, development, license and supply agreements with Serum Institute and Pharmsynthez (as well as SynBio, a wholly owned subsidiary of Pharmsynthez), each a related party whose relationship has not materially changed from that disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed with the SEC on March 26, 2020, as amended on April 29, 2020.

 

On July 19, 2019, the Company acquired the XCART technology platform from Hesperix and Opko Pharmaceuticals LLC (“OPKO”). Dr. Dmitry Genkin, one of our directors and Chairman of Pharmsynthez, was a director and significant shareholder of Hesperix. In addition, the Company agreed to repay an approximate $225,000 loan that Dr. Genkin entered into with Hesperix. Mr. Adam Logal, one of our directors, is Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Chief Accounting Officer and Treasurer of OPKO Health, Inc., the parent company of OPKO.

 

 

 

 

 13 

 

 

During the third quarter of 2019, the Company entered into a Sponsored Research Agreement with Pharmsynthez (the “SRA”) related to experiments identified by the Company to support its efforts for initial tech transfer of the XCART methods to a future academic collaborator. Under the agreement, the Company made a $350,000 payment to Pharmsynthez during the third quarter of 2019, which is refundable on pro rata basis if the project is terminated prematurely as a result of Pharmsynthez failing to perform the work. The Company expensed approximately $0.1 million related to this agreement during the six months ended June 30, 2020. The Company did not record any expense during the three months ended June 30, 2020 as the Company and Pharmsynthez entered into a Master Services Agreement (“MSA”) on June 12, 2020 that terminated and superseded the SRA. As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, approximately $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively, was recorded as an advanced payment and included in Prepaid expenses and other on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

In October 2019, the Company entered into a loan agreement with Pharmsynthez (the “Pharmsynthez Loan”), pursuant to which the Company advanced Pharmsynthez an aggregate principal amount of up to $500,000 to be used for the development of a specific product under the August 2011 Stock Subscription and Collaborative Development of Pharmaceutical Products Agreement between the Company and SynBio. The Pharmsynthez Loan has a term of 15-months and accrues interest at a rate of 10% per annum. The Pharmsynthez Loan is guaranteed by all of the operating subsidiaries of Pharmsynthez, including SynBio and AS Kevelt, and is secured by all of the equity interests of the Company owned by Pharmsynthez and SynBio. The Company recognized approximately $13,000 and $25,000 of interest income related to this loan during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. As of June 30, 2020, the Pharmsynthez Loan was included in Prepaid expenses and other on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of December 31, 2019, the Pharmsynthez Loan was included in Other assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

On June 12, 2020, the Company and Pharmsynthez entered into the MSA to advance the development of the Company’s XCART technology for B-cell malignancies. Under the MSA, Pharmsynthez agreed to provide services pursuant to work orders agreed upon by the parties from time to time, which services include, but are not limited to, acting as the Company’s primary contract research organization to assist in managing collaborations with multiple academic institutions in Russia and Belarus. The Company is required to pay reasonable fees, expenses and pass-through costs incurred by Pharmsynthez in providing the services in accordance with a budget and payment terms set forth in each work order. Additionally, in the event that a work order provides for milestone payments, the Company is required to make such payments to Pharmsynthez, or third party service providers designated by Pharmsynthez, in accordance with the terms set forth in the work order, which milestone payments may be made, at the sole discretion of the Company, in cash or shares of the Company’s common stock. The MSA terminated and superseded the SRA between the Company and Pharmsynthez.

  

The Company and Pharmsynthez executed a work order on June 12, 2020 (the “Work Order”) under the MSA pursuant to which Pharmsynthez agreed to conduct a Stage 1 study of the Company’s XCART technology under the research program as set forth in the Work Order. The activities to be performed under the Work Order are currently expected to take approximately 20 months unless earlier terminated in accordance with the MSA. Under the terms of the Work Order, the Company is required to pay Pharmsynthez $51,000 as an initial payment for trial startup costs, which amount is credited against the amounts paid under the SRA. The Work Order provides for additional pass-through costs to be invoiced by Pharmsynthez upon execution of contracts with third party sites, which will be further credited against the SRA. The total cost under the Work Order is currently estimated to be approximately $1.8 million. Additionally, the Work Order provides for milestone payments of up to an aggregate of $1,050,000, or, in the Company’s sole discretion, up to an aggregate of 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, to be paid or issued, as applicable, by the Company upon achievement of milestones associated with completion of early stages of the research program as set forth in the Work Order. No costs were incurred under the Work Order during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively.

 

12. Subsequent Events

 

The Company performed a review of events subsequent to the balance sheet date through the date the financial statements were issued and determined that there were no such events requiring recognition or disclosure in the financial statements. During March 2020, a global pandemic was declared by the World Health Organization related to the rapidly growing outbreak of a novel strain of coronavirus, or COVID-19. The pandemic has significantly affected economic conditions in the U.S., accelerating during the first half of March and continuing into August, as federal, state and local governments react to the public health crisis with mitigation measures, creating significant uncertainties in the U.S. economy. The Company continues to evaluate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on its business and while there has been no significant impact to the Company’s operations to date, the Company at this time is uncertain of the impact this event may have on the Company’s future operations. The extent to which the coronavirus pandemic affects our business, operations and financial results will depend on numerous evolving factors that we may not be able to accurately predict, and such uncertainty is expected to continue for some time.

 

 

 

 14 

 

 

ITEM 2 – MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. All statements contained in this Quarterly Report other than statements of historical fact, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, our business strategy and plans, future revenues, projected costs, prospects and our objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements concerning the anticipated effects and duration of the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19, global pandemic and the responses thereto, including the pandemic’s impact on general economic and market conditions, as well as on our business, results of operations and financial condition; our plans to develop our proposed drug candidates; our expectations regarding the nature, timing and extent of clinical trials and proposed clinical trials including the timing of generating clinical data from these trials; our expectations regarding the timing for proposed submissions of regulatory filings, including but not limited to any Investigational New Drug (“IND”) filing or any New Drug Application; the nature, timing and extent of collaboration arrangements; the expected results pursuant to collaboration arrangements including the receipts of future payments that may arise pursuant to collaboration arrangements; the outcome of our plans to obtain regulatory approval of our drug candidates; the outcome of our plans for the commercialization of our drug candidates; our plans to address certain markets, engage third party manufacturers, and evaluate additional drug candidates for subsequent commercial development, and the likelihood and extent of competition to our drug candidates; the development of the XCART Chimeric Antigen Receptor (“CAR”) T technology; our plans to apply the XCART technology to advance cell-based therapeutics by targeting the unique B cell receptor on the surface of an individual patient’s malignant tumor cells for the treatment of B-cell lymphomas; our beliefs regarding the expected results of the XCART technology, including its potential to significantly enhance the safety and efficacy of cell therapy for B-cell lymphomas by generating patient- and tumor-specific CAR T cells; and our anticipation that our primary focus will now be on advancing the XCART technology through regulatory approval and commercialization technology.

 

In some cases, these statements may be identified by terminology such as “may”, “will”, “should”, “expect”, “plan”, “anticipate”, “believe”, “estimate”, “predict”, “potential”, or “continue”, or the negative of such terms and other comparable terminology. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements contained herein are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, the levels of activity, performance or achievements. These statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause our or our industry’s results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements.

 

The Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (the “MD&A”) should be read together with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. This Quarterly Report, including the MD&A, contains trend analysis and other forward-looking statements. Any statements in this Quarterly Report that are not statements of historical facts are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements made herein are based on our current expectations, involve a number of risks and uncertainties and should not be considered as guarantees of future performance.

 

Some factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include without limitation:

 

  · the impact of natural disasters or public health emergencies, such as the COVID-19 global pandemic, on our financial condition and results of operations;
  · our need to raise additional working capital in the future for the purpose of further developing our XCART technology and to continue as a going concern;

 

 

 

 

 15 

 

 

  · our ability to finance our business;
  · our ability to successfully execute, manage and integrate key acquisitions and mergers, including integration of the acquisition of the XCART technology;
  · product development and commercialization risks, including our ability to successfully develop the XCART technology;
  · the impact of adverse safety outcomes and clinical trial results for CAR-T cell therapies;
  · our ability to secure and maintain a manufacturer for the XCART technology;
  · our ability to successfully commercialize our current and future drug candidates;
  · our ability to achieve milestone and other payments associated with our current and future co-development collaborations and strategic arrangements;
  · the impact of new technologies on our drug candidates and our competition;
  · changes in laws or regulations of governmental agencies;
  · interruptions or cancellation of existing contracts;
  · impact of competitive products and pricing;
  · product demand and market acceptance and risks;
  · the presence of competitors with greater financial resources;
  · continued availability of supplies or materials used in manufacturing at the current prices;
  · the ability of management to execute plans and motivate personnel in the execution of those plans;
  · our ability to attract and retain key personnel;
  · adverse publicity related to our products or the Company itself;
  · adverse claims relating to our intellectual property;
  · the adoption of new, or changes in, accounting principles;
  · the costs inherent with complying with statutes and regulations applicable to public reporting companies, such as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  · other new lines of business that the Company may enter in the future;
  · general economic and business conditions, as well as inflationary trends; and
  · other factors set forth in the Risk Factors section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K and in subsequent filings with the SEC.

 

These factors are not necessarily all of the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report. Other unknown or unpredictable factors also could have material adverse effects on our future results, including, but not limited to, those discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors.” The forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report are made only as of the date of this Quarterly Report, and we do not undertake any obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances. We intend that all forward-looking statements be subject to the safe-harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

   

BUSINESS OVERVIEW

 

We are a biopharmaceutical company focused on progressing XCART, a personalized CAR T platform technology engineered to target patient- and tumor-specific neoantigens. We are initially advancing cell-based therapeutics targeting the unique B-cell receptor on the surface of an individual patient’s malignant tumor cells, for the treatment of B-cell lymphomas. XCART has the potential to fuel a robust pipeline of the therapeutic assets targeting high-value oncology indications. The XCART technology, developed by the Scripps Research Institute in collaboration with the Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, is believed to have the potential to significantly enhance the safety and efficacy of cell therapy for B-cell lymphomas by generating patient- and tumor-specific CAR T cells.

  

 

 

 

 16 

 

 

Additionally, we are leveraging our proprietary drug delivery platform, PolyXen®, by partnering with biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. PolyXen is an enabling platform technology which can be applied to protein or peptide therapeutics. It employs the natural polymer polysialic acid to prolong a drug's circulating half-life and potentially improve other pharmacological properties.

 

We incorporate our patented and proprietary technologies into a number of drug candidates currently under development with biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry collaborators to create what we believe will be the next-generation biologic drugs with improved pharmacological properties over existing therapeutics. Our drug candidates have resulted from our research activities or that of our collaborators and are in the development stage. As a result, we continue to commit a significant amount of our resources to our research and development activities and anticipate continuing to do so for the near future. To date, none of our drug candidates have received regulatory marketing authorization in the United States (“U.S.”) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) nor in any other territories by any applicable agencies. We are receiving ongoing royalties pursuant to a license of our PolyXen technology to an industry partner.

 

We also have oncology therapeutic investigational drug candidate XBIO-101 (sodium cridanimod) for the treatment of progestin resistant endometrial cancer. We have exclusive rights to develop and commercialize XBIO-101 worldwide, except for specified countries in the Commonwealth of Independent States. XBIO-101 has been granted orphan drug designation by the FDA for the potential treatment of progesterone receptor negative endometrial cancer in conjunction with progesterone therapy. We commenced a Phase 2 trial under an IND in 2017, with first patient dosed in October 2017. We closed patient enrollment in the trial in March 2019 as a result of slower than expected progress on the trial resulting from patient enrollment and retention challenges and have suspended further development of XBIO-101. We currently have no plans to continue development of XBIO-101.

 

Although we hold a broad patent portfolio, the focus of our internal development efforts during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and during 2019 was limited to winding down the XBIO-101 Phase 2 trial and preliminary development efforts associated with the XCART technology.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

The preparation of our financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) requires us to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue, costs and expenses during the reporting period. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates that are based on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. The result of these evaluations forms the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the reported amount of expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. Because future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty, actual results and outcomes could differ materially from our estimates, judgments and assumptions.

 

There has been no material change to our critical accounting estimates since those critical accounting estimates described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed with the SEC on March 26, 2020, as amended on April 29, 2020.

 

Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic

 

During March 2020, a global pandemic was declared by the World Health Organization related to the rapidly growing outbreak of a novel strain of coronavirus, or COVID-19. The pandemic has significantly affected economic conditions in the U.S., accelerating during the first half of March and continuing into August, as federal, state and local governments react to the public health crisis with mitigation measures, creating significant uncertainties in the U.S. economy. We continue to evaluate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, and while our operations were not materially affected during the first six months of 2020 despite social distancing and other measures taken in response to the pandemic, the ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our results of operations and financial condition is dependent on future developments, including the duration of the pandemic and the related extent of its severity, as well as its impact on macroeconomic conditions, which are uncertain and cannot be predicted at this time. If the global response to contain the COVID-19 pandemic escalates further or is unsuccessful, or if governmental decisions to ease pandemic related restrictions are ineffective, premature or counterproductive, we could experience a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.  

  

 

 

 

 17 

 

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Comparison of Quarter Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019

 

The comparison of our historical results of operations for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2020 to the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2019 is as follows:

 

Description  Quarter Ended
June 30, 2020
   Quarter Ended
June 30, 2019
   Increase
(Decrease)
   Percentage
Change
 
Revenues:                    
Royalty revenue  $112,927   $   $112,927    100.0 
Operating costs and expenses:                    
Research and development   (307,900)   (487,519)   (179,619)   (36.8)
General and administrative   (787,486)   (890,779)   (103,293)   (11.6)
Total operating costs and expenses   (1,095,386)   (1,378,298)   (282,912)   (20.5)
Loss from operations   (982,459)   (1,378,298)   (395,839)   (28.7)
Other income:                    
Other income   192    735    (543)   (73.9)
Interest income, net   28,625    163    28,462    17,461.3 
                     
Net loss  $(953,642)  $(1,377,400)  $(423,758)   (30.8)

 

Revenue

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2020, revenue represented royalty revenue related to our right to sublicense agreement with Takeda Pharmaceuticals Co. Ltd. (“Takeda”). Royalty payments earned on sales by the sublicensee during the first quarter of 2020 were recorded as revenue by us during the three months ended June 30, 2020. We anticipate recognizing these royalty payments as revenue when they are reliably measurable, which is upon receipt of reports from Takeda. As the reported sales are not reliably measurable until we receive notification from Takeda, we expect to recognize revenue from these royalty payments in the quarter subsequent to the actual sales by the sublicensee. We did not recognize any revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2019.

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Research & development (“R&D”) expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased by $0.2 million, or 36.8% to $0.3 million from $0.5 million in the comparable quarter in 2019. The table below sets forth the R&D costs incurred by the Company by category of expense for the quarters ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:

 

   Quarter Ended, 
Category of Expense  June 30, 2020   June 30, 2019 
Outside services and contract research organizations  $150,668   $351,253 
Salaries and wages   112,055    75,163 
Share-based expense   12,936    31,660 
Other   32,241    29,443 
Total research and development expense  $307,900   $487,519 

  

 

 

 18 

 

 

The decrease in outside services and contract research organizations expense was primarily due to decreased spending on our XBIO-101 Phase 2 clinical trial during the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in the prior year. Costs related to the trial were generally lower as we closed patient enrollment during the first quarter of 2019 and suspended further development of XBIO-101. The decrease in XBIO-101 costs was partially offset by an increase in costs associated with our XCART pre-clinical development efforts and increased employee related costs during the quarter.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was $0.8 million, decreasing by approximately $0.1 million, or 11.6%, compared to the same period in the prior year, primarily due to a decrease in share-based expense and a gain on settlement of certain vendor amounts related to the close-out of our XBIO-101 trial. These decreases were offset by an increase in investor relations costs due to increased investor outreach activities and slightly higher legal costs during the second quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in the prior year.

 

Other Income

 

Other income was approximately $200 for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to approximately $700 for the same period in 2019. This decrease was primarily related to changes in foreign currency exchange rates during the second quarter of 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019.

 

Interest Income, net

 

Interest income, net increased to approximately $29,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to approximately $200 for the same period in the prior year. This increase is primarily due to an increase in cash in the second quarter of 2020 as compared to the second quarter of 2019, due to the receipt of net proceeds of $13.4 million from our July 2019 public offering.

 

Comparison of Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019

 

The comparison of our historical results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2020 to the six months ended June 30, 2019 is as follows:

 

Description  Six Months
Ended
June 30,
2020
   Six Months
Ended
June 30,
2019
   Increase
(Decrease)
   Percentage
Change
 
Revenues:                    
Royalty revenue  $169,676   $   $169,676    100.0 
Operating costs and expenses:                    
Research and development expenses   (667,551)   (951,301)   (283,750)   (29.8)
General and administrative expenses   (1,715,366)   (1,754,152)   (38,786)   (2.2)
Total operating costs and expenses   (2,382,917)   (2,705,453)   (322,536)   (11.9)
Loss from operations   (2,213,241)   (2,705,453)   (492,212)   (18.2)
Other income:                    
Other income   58    490    (432)   (88.2)
Interest income, net   80,112    313    79,799    25,494.9 
                     
Net loss  $(2,133,071)  $(2,704,650)  $(571,579)   (21.1)

 

 

 

 

 19 

 

 

Revenue

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2020, revenue represented royalty revenue related to our right to sublicense agreement with Takeda. Royalty payments earned on sales by the sublicensee during the fourth quarter of 2019 and first quarter of 2020 were recorded as revenue by us during the six months ended June 30, 2020. We anticipate recognizing these royalty payments as revenue when they are reliably measurable, which is upon receipt of reports from Takeda. As the reported sales are not reliably measurable until we receive notification from Takeda, we expect to recognize revenue from these royalty payments in the quarters subsequent to the actual sales by the sublicensee. We did not recognize any revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2019.

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

R&D expenses decreased approximately $0.3 million, or 29.8% to $0.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, from $1.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The table below sets forth the R&D costs incurred by us, by category of expense, for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:

 

   Six Months Ended, 
Category of Expense  June 30, 2020   June 30, 2019 
Outside services and contract research organizations  $374,289   $705,598 
Salaries and wages   201,897    154,448 
Share-based expense   26,294    43,078 
Other   65,071    48,177 
Total research and development expense  $667,551   $951,301 

 

The decrease in outside services and contract research organizations expense was primarily due to decreased spending on our XBIO-101 phase 2 clinical trial during the six months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to same period in the prior year. Costs related to the trial were generally lower as we closed patient enrollment during the first quarter of 2019 and suspended further development of XBIO-101. The decrease in XBIO-101 costs were partially offset by increased costs associated with our XCART pre-clinical development efforts. Salaries and wages increased during the six months ended June 30, 2020 due to slightly higher employee related costs.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses decreased by approximately $39,000, or 2.2% for the six months ended June 30, 2020, to $1.7 million from $1.8 million in the comparable period in 2019, primarily due to a decrease in share-based expense and a gain on settlement of certain vendor amounts related to the close-out of our XBIO-101 trial. These decreases were offset by an increase in investor relations costs due to increased investor outreach activities, slightly higher legal costs and increased employee costs during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the same period in the prior year.

 

Other Income

 

Other income was approximately $60 for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to approximately $500 for the same period in 2019. This decrease was primarily related to a reduction in foreign currency transactions and related changes in foreign currency exchange rates during the six months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019.

 

 

 

 

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Interest Income

 

Interest income, net increased to approximately $80,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to approximately $300 for the same period in the prior year. This increase is primarily due to an increase in cash in the first half of 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019 due to the receipt of net proceeds of $13.4 million from our July 2019 public offering.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We incurred a net loss of approximately $2.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. We had an accumulated deficit of approximately $168.1 million at June 30, 2020 as compared to an accumulated deficit of approximately $166.0 million at December 31, 2019. Working capital was approximately $8.3 million at June 30, 2020 and $9.7 million at December 31, 2019, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, our working capital decreased by $1.4 million primarily due to our net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2020. We expect to continue incurring losses for the foreseeable future and may need to raise additional capital or pursue other strategic alternatives in the long-term in order to continue the pursuit of our business plan.

 

Our principal source of liquidity consists of cash. At June 30, 2020, we had approximately $8.1 million in cash and $0.8 million in current liabilities. At December 31, 2019, we had approximately $10.4 million in cash and $1.4 million in current liabilities.

  

We have historically relied upon sales of our equity securities to fund our operations. From 2005 until June 30, 2020 we have raised approximately $76.0 million in proceeds from offerings of our common and preferred stock and received approximately $20.0 million from revenue producing activities. More than 90% of the milestone and sublicense revenue received to date has been from a single collaborator, Takeda. We expect the majority of our funding through equity or equity-linked instruments, debt financings, corporate collaborations, related party funding and/or licensing agreements to continue as a trend for the foreseeable future.

 

Management evaluates whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. We have incurred substantial losses since our inception, and we expect to continue to incur operating losses in the near-term. These factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. We believe that we have access to capital resources through possible public or private equity offerings, debt financings, corporate collaborations, related party funding, or other means to continue as a going concern. During 2019, we completed two stock offerings that resulted in $16.1 million of net proceeds to us. We believe that our existing resources will be adequate to fund our operations through mid-2021. However, we anticipate we may need additional capital in the long-term to pursue our business initiatives. The terms, timing and extent of any future financing will depend upon several factors, including the achievement of progress in our clinical development programs, our ability to identify and enter into licensing or other strategic arrangements, and factors related to financial, economic and market conditions, many of which are beyond our control. 

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

Cash flows used in operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 of approximately $2.3 million was primarily due to our net loss for the period, offset by non-cash charges associated with share-based expense, and settlement of certain amounts payable to a vendor related to the close-out of our XBIO-101 trial. Cash flows used in operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2019 totaled approximately $2.3 million, which was primarily due to our net loss for the period, offset by non-cash charges associated with share-based expense.

  

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

There were no cash flows from investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Cash flows provided by investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2019 totaled $2,000, which represented proceeds from the sale of property and equipment.

 

 

 

 

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Cash Flow from Financing Activities

 

There were no cash flows from financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Cash flows provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2019 totaled approximately $2.7 million representing net proceeds from our registered direct offering in March 2019.

 

Contractual Obligations and Commitments

 

As of June 30, 2020, there were no material changes in our contractual obligations and commitments from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on March 26, 2020, as amended on April 29, 2020.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet financing arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on our financial condition, change in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources.

  

Recent Accounting Standards

 

See Note 2 in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on March 26, 2020, as amended on April 29, 2020, for a discussion of recent accounting standards.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates, assumptions and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, costs and expenses. We base our estimates and assumptions on historical experience and other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. We evaluate our estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis. Our actual results may differ from these estimates. There have been no material changes in our critical accounting policies from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed with the SEC on March 26, 2020, as amended on April 29, 2020.

 

ITEM 3 – QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

We are not required to provide the information required by this Item because we are a “smaller reporting company” (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)).

 

ITEM 4 – CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer) and Chief Financial Officer (principal financial officer), evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) or 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report.

 

 

 

 

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Based on this evaluation, our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, concluded that as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report, our disclosure controls and procedures are designed at a reasonable assurance level and are effective to provide reasonable assurance that information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the period covered by this Quarterly Report that would have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We are not currently subject to any material legal proceedings, nor, to our knowledge, is any material legal proceeding threatened against us. From time to time, we may be a party to certain legal proceedings, incidental to the normal course of our business. While the outcome of these legal proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty, we do not expect that these proceedings will have a material effect upon our financial condition or results of operations.

 

ITEM 1A – RISK FACTORS

 

Except as provided below, there have been no material changes to the risk factors previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed with the SEC on March 26, 2020, as amended on April 29, 2020, and as updated by our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

Our financial condition, results of operations, business and cash flow may be negatively affected by a public health crises such as the recent coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak.

 

We may face risks related to health epidemics and pandemics or other outbreaks of communicable diseases. During March 2020, a global pandemic was declared by the World Health Organization related to the rapidly growing outbreak of a novel strain of coronavirus (COVID-19). The global spread of COVID-19 has created, and continues to create, significant volatility, uncertainty and economic disruption, including significant volatility in the capital markets. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic affects our business, operations, financial results and the trading price of our common stock will depend on numerous evolving factors that we may not be able to accurately predict, including: the duration and scope of the pandemic; governmental and business actions that have been and continue to be taken in response to the pandemic (including mitigation efforts such as stay at home and other social distancing orders) and the impact of the pandemic on economic activity and actions taken in response (including stimulus efforts such as the Families First Coronavirus Act and the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act).

 

Although the Company’s operations were not materially affected in the first six months of 2020 despite social distancing and other measures taken in response to the pandemic, the ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our results of operations and financial condition is dependent on future developments, including the duration of the pandemic and the related extent of its severity, as well as its impact on macroeconomic conditions, which are uncertain and cannot be predicted at this time. If the global response to contain the COVID-19 pandemic escalates further or is unsuccessful, or if governmental decisions to ease pandemic related restrictions are ineffective, premature or counterproductive, we could experience a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

ITEM 2 – UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

None.

 

ITEM 3 – DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

ITEM 4 – MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

 

 

 

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ITEM 5 – OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

ITEM 6 – EXHIBITS

 

The following exhibits are incorporated herein by reference or filed as part of this report.

 

EXHIBIT NUMBER DESCRIPTION
10.1*# Research Funding and Option Agreement, dated May 15, 2020, between the Company and the Scripps Research Institute.
10.2*# Master Service Agreement, dated June 12, 2020, between the Company and PJSC Pharmsynthez.
10.3*# Work Order to Master Service Agreement, dated June 12, 2020, between the Company and PJSC Pharmsynthez.
31.1* Certification of Jeffrey F. Eisenberg, Principal Executive Officer, pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
31.2* Certification of James Parslow, Principal Financial Officer, pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.1** Certifications of Jeffrey F. Eisenberg, Principal Executive Officer, and James Parslow, Principal Financial Officer, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS* Inline XBRL Instance Document - The instance document does not appear in the interactive data file because its XBRL tags are embedded within the inline XBRL document.
101.SCH* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104* The cover page of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, formatted in Inline XBRL (included within the Exhibit 101 attachments).
* Filed herewith.
** Exhibit 32.1 is being furnished and shall not be deemed to be "filed" for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to the liability of that section, nor shall such exhibits be deemed to be incorporated by reference in any registration statement or other document filed under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, except as otherwise stated in such filing.
# Portions of this exhibit, marked by brackets and asterisks, have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(b)(10) of Regulation S-K under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, because they are both (i) not material and (ii) would likely cause competitive harm to the registrant if publicly disclosed. The registrant undertakes to promptly provide an unredacted copy of the exhibit on a supplemental basis, if requested by the Commission or its staff.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

      Xenetic Biosciences, Inc.
       
       
August 12, 2020   By:   /S/ JEFFREY F. EISENBERG
      Jeffrey F. Eisenberg
      Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
       
    By:   /S/ JAMES PARSLOW
      James Parslow
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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