Attached files

file filename
EX-32.2 - CERTIFICATION OF MARK KORB, PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER AND PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING - Newgioco Group, Inc.exhibit_32-2.htm
EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION OF MICHELLE CIAVARELLA, PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO SE - Newgioco Group, Inc.exhibit_32-1.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION OF MARK KORB PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER AND PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING - Newgioco Group, Inc.exhibit_31-2.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION OF MICHELLE CIAVARELLA, PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO RU - Newgioco Group, Inc.exhibit_31-1.htm
EX-23.1 - CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM - Newgioco Group, Inc.exhibit_23-2.htm
EX-23.1 - CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM - Newgioco Group, Inc.exhibit_23-1.htm
EX-21.1 - LIST OF SUBSIDIARIES - Newgioco Group, Inc.exhibit_21-1.htm
EX-4.10 - DESCRIPTION OF THE REGISTRANT S SECURITIES - Newgioco Group, Inc.exhibit_4-10.htm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

[X] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2019

 

or

 

[ ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from __________________________ to __________________________

 

Commission file number 000-50045

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   7372   33-0823179
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (Primary Standard Industrial Classification Code Number)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

130 Adelaide Street West, Suite 701

Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5H 2K4

+39-391-306-4134

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock NWGI The Nasdaq Capital Market

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    YES      NO  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.    YES      NO  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES      NO  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files).    YES      NO  

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company
    Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.

 

 
 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [ ] No [X]

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold on June 28, 2019, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter was $15,697,029.

 

As of June 25, 2020, there were 12,332,996 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.

 

Documents incorporated by reference: None

 

COVID-19 EXPLANATORY NOTE

 

On March 4, 2020, the SEC issued an order (Release No. 34-88318) under Section 36 of the Exchange Act, granting exemptions from specified provisions of the Exchange Act and certain rules thereunder. On March 25, 2020, the order was modified and superseded by a new SEC order (Release No. 34-88465) that provides conditional relief to public companies that are unable to timely comply with their filing obligations as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak (the “Order”). Pursuant to the requirements of the Order, the Company filed a Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on March 12, 2020 (the “Form 8-K”) indicating our intention to rely upon the Order with respect to the filing of this Annual Report, which would have otherwise been required to have been filed by March 30, 2020 and which due date was extended under the Order until May 15, 2020

 

The Company has been unable to meet the extended deadline to file its Annual Report on Form 10-K as allowed by the Order. The travel restrictions imposed by the governments in Italy, the USA and other European countries prevented Company Officers and management as well as professional staff of our independent public accounting firm from travelling to our office locations located in Italy to compile and review information necessary to complete our filing within the extended time period allowed by the SEC by the Order, without unreasonable effort or expense due to circumstances related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

As result of the global outbreak of the COVID-19 virus, on March 8, 2020 the Italian government issued a decree which imposed certain restrictions and closures of public gatherings and travel which included betting shops, arcades and bingo halls across Italy until April 3, 2020. Accordingly, the Company has temporarily closed approximately 150 betting shop locations throughout Italy. The closing of physical betting shop locations does not affect the Company’s online and mobile business operations which may prove to mitigate some of the impact. Subsequently, on March 10, 2020 the Italian government imposed further restrictions on travel throughout Italy as well as transborder crossings and have either postponed or cancelled most professional sports events which has had an effect on the Company’s overall sports betting handle and revenues and may negatively impact the Company’s operating results.

 

See Risk Factors contained in this Annual Report on form 10-k for additional risk factors related to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I Description Page
     
ITEM 1. BUSINESS 5
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS 18
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS 35
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES 35
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 35
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES  
     
PART II    
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES 36
ITEM 6. SELECT FINANCIAL DATA 41
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 41
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 51
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTAL DATA 52
  (Financial Statements – pages numbered as F-1 to F-34)  
ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE 53
ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES 53
ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION 53
     
PART III    
ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE 54
ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION 59
ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS 63
ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE 65
ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES 67
ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES 68
ITEM 16. FORM 10-K SUMMARY 68

 

 

3

 

 
 

 

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This report contains forward-looking statements. The Securities and Exchange Commission encourages companies to disclose forward-looking information so that investors can better understand a company's future prospects and make informed investment decisions. This report and other written and oral statements that we make from time to time contain such forward-looking statements that set out anticipated results based on management's plans and assumptions regarding future events or performance. We have tried, wherever possible, to identify such statements by using words such as "anticipate," "estimate," "expect," "project," "intend," "plan," "believe," "will" and similar expressions in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance. In particular, these include statements relating to future actions, future performance or results of current and anticipated gaming turnover, expenses, the outcome of contingencies, such as legal proceedings, and financial results. Factors that could cause our actual results of operations and financial condition to differ materially are discussed in greater detail under Item 1A - "Risk Factors" of this report.

 

We caution that the factors described herein and other factors could cause our actual results of operations and financial condition to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements we make and that investors should not place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements. Further, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events or circumstances, except as required by federal securities laws. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all of such factors. Further, we cannot assess the impact of each such factor on our results of operations or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

 

In this Form 10-K, unless the context indicates otherwise, references to the “Company,” “Newgioco,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Newgioco Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation formed in 1998, and, where appropriate, its subsidiaries, Ulisse GmbH, a company organized under the laws of Austria, Odissea Betriebsinformatik Beratung GmbH, a company organized under the laws of Austria, Multigioco Srl., a company organized under the laws of the Republic of Italy, Rifa Srl, a company organized under the laws of the Republic of Italy, Newgioco Group, Inc. (Canada), a company organized under the Canadian laws, Virtual Generation Limited, a company organized under the laws of Republic of Malta and its holding company, Naos Holding Limited, a company organized under the laws of Republic of Malta, Elys Technology Group Limited, a company organized under the laws of Republic of Malta, and Newgioco Colombia SAS, a company organized under the laws of Colombia.

 

4

 

 
 

 

PART I.

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

Company Overview

 

We are an international, vertically integrated commercial-stage company engaged in two principal aspects of the leisure gaming industry as (1) a business-to-consumer (“B2C”) licensed retail gaming operator (known as an “Operator”) offering our products through two sales distribution channels in (i) retail land-based or on-site physical venues and (ii) online through PC, tablet and mobile distribution, and (2) as a business-to-business (“B2B”) betting technology provider (known as a “Provider”) offering our proprietary betting technology either (1) directly to licensed operators or (2) through value-added re-sellers or systems integrators in the leisure betting industry.

 

As an Operator in the regulated Italian leisure betting market, we operate on a single-tier distribution strategy by collecting wagers on leisure betting products including a variety of lottery, casino gaming and sports bets through two channels: (i) online through websites on internet browsers, mobile applications and physical venues known as “web-shops” (internet cafes; kiosks, coffee-shops, convenience stores, restaurants and bars, etc.) where patrons can play online through PC’s situated at each venue, and (ii) land-based through physical land-based retail venues (off-track betting shops, SSBT (“self-serve betting terminal”) kiosks, coffee-shops, convenience stores, restaurants, taverns and bars, etc.). We currently provide our gaming services through our subsidiaries, Multigioco Srl (“Multigioco”), Rifa Srl (“Rifa”), and Ulisse GmbH (“Ulisse”). These operations are carried out under both land-based and online retail gaming licenses regulated by the Agenzia delle Dogane e dei Monopoli (“ADM”), and our Austrian Bookmaker license, that permit us to distribute leisure betting products such as sports betting, lotto tickets, virtual sports betting, online poker and casino gaming products through both physical, land-based retail locations as well as online through our licensed principal website www.newgioco.it or commercial webskins linked to our principal website and through mobile devices.

 

In Italy, our gaming products and services are offered to customers at the following three venues:

 

  Agency or Negozio Sportivo (translated as Sporting Store): An agency is an arcade location that is a gaming only venue meeting strict regulatory standards and must have at least 70% of its square-footage dedicated specifically to gaming space. Each agency must have a cash cage for the primary purpose of gaming and gaming related transactions serving an indefinite number of anonymous walk-in customers.
  Corner or Punto Sportivo (translated as Sporting Point): A corner is distinguished from an agency insofar as the principal business situated at the location is an activity that is primarily different from gaming (such as a coffee shop or bakery) with a terminal connected to the ADM network. The primary purpose of such facility is not gaming, but rather, there is only a small ‘corner’ for extra cash flow in exchange for a fee and/or commission. Specifically, a maximum of 30% of floor space of a corner location can be dedicated to gaming where gaming transactions are collected and processed by a counter clerk.
  Web-shop (“web cafe” or “websites”) or Punti Virtuali di Recarica (“PVR”) (translated as Virtual Reload Points): A web-shop is a physical location where computers are connected to the internet and directed to our website where customers may also make cash deposits that are credited electronically to their online gaming accounts (i.e., virtual account reloading). Customers can play games and wager through their online account while at the web-shop that is under contract to promote our websites or just re-load their gaming account and play remotely through a PC, tablet or mobile device.

 

We currently service approximately 68,000 online user accounts and an indeterminate number of walk-in customers at a combination of the three types of venues: 1,200 web-cafés (or “web-shops”), 7 corners and 130 agency locations.

 

As a global gaming technology Provider, we own and operate a betting software designed with a unique “distributed model” architecture colloquially named Elys Game Board (the “Platform”). The Platform is a fully integrated “omni-channel” framework that combines centralized technology for updating, servicing and operations with multi-channel functionality to accept all forms of customer payment through the two distribution channels described above. The omni-channel software design is fully integrated with a built in player gaming account management and a built-in sports book. As a Provider, we employ a multi-tier distribution strategy on both a direct to customer channel and on a Software-as-a-Service (“SaaS”) basis.

 

5

 

 
 

The Platform is certified by the ADM and the Malta Gaming Authority (“MGA”) in Malta and is owned by our subsidiary Odissea Betriebsinformatik Beratung GmbH (“Odissea”). The software architecture was developed and built on the latest Microsoft.Net Core framework, supporting both online customer gaming accounts as well as land-based bet processing capability with multi-channel functionality accepting all forms of payment methods (i.e., cash, e-wallet, bank card and wire transfer, etc.) backed by a real-time customer relationship management (“CRM”) and business intelligence (“BI”) program for streamlined cross-platform marketing as well as a synchronized financial accounting processes. Data is communicated directly to on-the-ground sales and marketing agents that manage and maintain both our online and land-based retail distribution. The Platform allows our independent B2B and white-label end users to (i) rapidly and effectively model their gaming businesses and client gaming accounts, (ii) monitor and analyze performance on an ongoing basis, (iii) share dashboards, and (iv) generate management reports all within a fully integrated solution. In addition, our clients can use the built-in artificial intelligence and adaptive business intelligence modules to evaluate actual performance and leverage insights from analytics to make informed, timely decisions to drive future business. The unique ’shop-client’ architecture of the Platform to our knowledge, is the first of its kind in the leisure betting industry. Elys was built around the specific needs of leisure betting operators and proven through our existing Multigioco distribution throughout Italy.

 

On January 30, 2019, we expanded our operations with our acquisition of Virtual Generation Limited (“VG” or “Virtual Generation”), which owns and has developed a virtual gaming software platform (“VGS”), and its holding company, Naos Holdings Limited (“Naos”). VG is a Gaming Laboratories International (“GLI”) certified virtual sports and gaming software developer with a portfolio of products, including greyhound and horse racing; league play football (i.e., soccer); keno; and American Roulette. In addition, VG’s platform allows for customization for country-specific sports generation including applications in Latin American and African markets as well as unique tribal games tailored for the U.S. tribal gaming market. VG’s operations have grown in the highly competitive virtual sports market to approximately 18.5 million bet tickets sold in 2019. VG now operates in 12 countries including: Italy, Peru, Nigeria, Paraguay, Albania, Honduras, Colombia, Mexico, Dominican Republic, Uganda, Nicaragua, and Turkey.

 

Organizational Structure

 

Our operations are carried out through three geographically organized groups: (i) an operational group which is based in Europe and maintains administrative offices headquartered in Rome, Italy with satellite offices for operations administration and risk management trading in Naples and Teramo, Italy and San Gwann, Malta; (ii) a technology group which is based in Innsbruck, Austria and manages software development, training and administration; and (iii) a corporate group which is based in North America and operates out of our principal executive offices in Toronto, Canada and satellite offices in Fort Lauderdale and Boca Raton, Florida through which we carry out corporate activities, handle day-to-day reporting duties, U.S. development planning and through which various independent contractors and vendors are engaged.

 

Our revenue streams primarily consists of transactional income and service revenue. Through our subsidiaries Multigioco acquired on August 15, 2014, Rifa acquired January 1, 2016 and Ulisse acquired July 1, 2016, we generate transactional revenue through collection of bets from sports wagering and gaming from online betting and land-based betting shops located throughout Italy, and through our subsidiary, Odissea acquired July 1, 2016, we generate service revenue generated from providing our Platform services to third party operators on a B2B basis. In addition, our revenue during the year ended December 31, 2019 included revenue generated by VG acquired January 30, 2019, for 11 months of the year ended December 31, 2019, consisting of royalties invoiced for the sale of virtual games through authorized agents. We generated revenue of $35,583,131 for the year ended December 31, 2019 and $34,575,097 for the year ended December 31, 2018, respectively, substantially all of which was generated from revenue from operations or services provided in Italy. For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, net gaming revenues represented 98.9% and 99.2%, respectively of our revenue and Platform and service revenue represented 1.1% and 0.8%, respectively of revenue. We also formed a non-operating subsidiary Newgioco Group, Inc in Canada on January 17, 2017 for potential future operations in Canada, Elys Technology Group, Limited in Malta on April 4, 2019 for future opportunities, and on November 26, 2019 we formed Newgioco Colombia SAS to develop our operations through South and Central America.

 

Our Strategy

 

Our goal is to expand our market presence by entering new foreign markets while at the same time further penetrating the Italian and additional European markets. We expect new markets to be a large source of our future growth, in particular, the United States market is one where we intend to offer the use of our Platform to existing commercial and tribal casinos, retail betting operators and franchise enterprises.

 

6

 

 
 

 

Our Strengths

 

We believe we have established ourselves as one of the leaders in the Italian leisure betting market. Below are our strengths that we believe should enable us to capture a meaningful share of the United States and global leisure betting market:

 

  Highly Differentiated Technology Platform. Built from the ground-up, the Platform is designed to be a highly flexible and robust sportsbook engine able to cope with the demands of today’s betting operators and players. The Platform is designed as an industry specific ‘shop-client’ architecture and can offer any type of sport (or non-sport) event and any type of betting market (i.e., soccer, football, basketball, hockey, baseball, tennis, etc.) in both pre-match and in-game modes across both fixed-odds (player versus bookie) and pool (player versus player) styles and manage the risk for each individual transaction through all channels (i.e., online or land-based). Our proprietary Platform is designed to address the independent operator’s ability to compete against larger and more established franchise operators effectively and inexpensively as it is designed to allow management of bet risk of each transaction at each location from which a bet is placed.
  Market Momentum. We believe that our unique ‘shop-client’ designed Platform is gaining momentum in the Italian leisure betting market with our fully integrated shop-client based Platform architecture with integrated gaming account, artificial intelligence and business intelligence modules. We currently have approximately 68,000 online user accounts and an indeterminate number of walk-in customers through the three distribution methods: 1,200 web-cafés (or “web-shops”), 7 corners, and 130 agency locations.
  Scalable Platform at Minimal Cost. Our Platform is highly scalable. Expansion of the Platform under our existing infrastructure requires little to no additional overhead and should create in-house efficiencies for our corporate operations and for our agents and operator clients. Many of the inherent functions and features of our ADM Platform certification in Italy have received prior approval and adhere to multi-jurisdictional standards which in our view will enable us to receive certification in new markets and expand into new markets in a timely manner.
  Growing Industry. Online gambling is growing in popularity. Gamblers worldwide increasingly prefer Internet and mobile channels for their betting activities due to the ease of access offered and safety provided. Extensive usage of digital processes and growing bettor demand is driving the market for online betting platforms. Recent liberalization and state-by-state legislation in the United States has resulted in new opportunities in the United States sports betting market. We anticipate that the United States market will begin to have a strong and steady uptake in active wagers. We further anticipate the first select states (i.e., Nevada, Delaware, New Jersey, Mississippi, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Montana, New Mexico and others) to provide the regulatory framework and foundation for other states and locations to build upon.
  Highly Experienced Senior Management Team. We are led by a dedicated and highly experienced senior management team with significant industry experience and proven ability to develop novel solutions. Each of the members of our senior management have more than 20 years of relevant industry experience.

 

Development of Foreign Markets

 

  The U.S. Sports Betting Market. Until 2018, the Interstate Wire Act of 1961, combined with the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1992 (“PASPA” or the “Bradley Act”), prohibited sports betting in the U.S. in all but four grandfathered states (Montana, Oregon, Nevada, Delaware). In May 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned PASPA in a 6-3 decision that found the law conflicted with the Tenth Amendment leaving individual states to decide whether to allow its residents to bet on sports. Many states are expected to move quickly to establish sports betting as a means to increase their respective capital resources. While several states have recently passed legislation to allow online gambling, we believe that the U.S. sports betting market will take 5 – 10 years to fully develop. We believe that the United States represents a large addressable market opportunity for us with our Elys betting Platform in addition to developing new opportunities in Canada, South America, Africa as well as several European countries.
  Mergers and Acquisition in the Global Gaming Industry. In an effort to scale and grow the business, we intend to evaluate potential acquisitions that can be easily integrated into our business. Our recent acquisition of VG is expected to allow us to expand our product offerings in additional countries. The global gaming industry is still very much fragmented. There has been a significant number of noteworthy consolidations such as: (1) The Stars Group/SkyBet (July 2018) and CrownBet/William Hill Australia (April 2018); (2) Paddy Power/Betfair (February 2016) and with Stars Group (April 2020); (3) GVC/BWIN Ladbrokes/Coral (March 2018), DraftKings/SBTech (April 2020); and (4) in lottery concentration (IGT/GTECH (April 2015); as well as others such as Pollard/Innova (July 2017); NYX Gaming Group/Scientific Games (January 2018) which we believe provides us with an opportunity to capitalize on the acquisition of smaller operators forced to compete against newly formed larger players.

 

 

 
 

Further Penetration in the Italian Market

 

  Acquisitions of Smaller Operators. Government legislated consolidation of the regulated Italian lottery and gaming market have driven smaller regional operators in Italy to our licensed brand “New Gioco” TM in both the online and land-based sales channels. The Italian regulated gaming market is the largest in the European Union (“EU”) and is extremely fragmented. Recent new regulations in Italy have made it more difficult for smaller regional operators throughout Italy to operate and we believe that our innovative and cost-effective Platform is an attractive alternative for such smaller regional operators throughout Italy that will not be able to maintain the new standards set out by the Italian regulator on their own.
  Organic Growth. The Italian online gaming market continues to drive substantial growth in our core operations. From January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019, we increased the number of webshop locations we operate in Italy from approximately 1,000 to approximately 1,200 and believe that there is ample room for continued growth in the Italian market.

 

Development in U.S. Market

 

We believe that the U.S. sports betting and online gaming market presents a large opportunity to deploy our Platform on a SaaS basis to several potential independent commercial and tribal casino and gaming operators throughout the United States following a 2018 U.S. Supreme Court decision. We have analyzed the technical specifications checklist supplied by Gaming Laboratories International (“GLI”) to verify that coding in our software meets the functional specifications set forth in the GLI-33 standards (The Gaming Laboratories International technical standard for event wagering systems). We believe that our Platform currently meets the majority of the GLI-33 certification standards and we expect to be in a position to send our software to GLI for certification in two phases as follows: (1) the first phase in mid-July 2020, will last about six weeks for verification of retail functionality (such as POS and SSBT); and (2) the second phase will begin by October 2020 for the verification of mobile and website functionality. Upon obtaining GLI-33 certification and obtaining regulatory approvals to operate, we expect to be well-positioned to commence processing sports bets in the U.S. on a SaaS basis through our Platform.

 

As part of our multi-year business growth strategy, we made significant investments for expansion into new markets outside of Italy, including preparation of the platform for the GLI-33 certification, professional services, trade show marketing and brand promotion in the second half of 2018 and first half of 2019 to enter and then build a foundation aimed at accelerating our recently announced U.S. expansion plans. To support these principal objectives, we initiated an ambitious investment strategy that is fundamental to the successful execution of our long-term business plan. These fundamental investments have resulted in short-term, non-recurring expenses related to key elements such as regulatory and policy requirements and establishing a centralized US-based headquarters. In the third quarter of 2018, we also established a plan to relocate our CEO to the U.S., commenced the recruitment and evaluation of key officers, as well as allocating a software development team at Odissea for coding and submission of our Platform for GLI-33 certification to GLI for the U.S. market.

 

In March 2019, we entered into a five-year agreement with Fleetwood Gaming, Inc. for the exclusive rights to distribute our Platform at select non-tribal locations such as sports bars and taverns in the state of Montana. The multi-year agreement is expected to allow Fleetwood to install our Platform throughout Fleetwood's distribution network in Montana.

 

In April 2019, we entered into a five-year agreement with the Chippewa Cree Tribe in Box Elder, Montana to install our Platform at the Northern Winz Casino. In this regard, in September 2019, we transacted the first legal Class 1 real-money bet in the U.S. on Indian Horse Relay Racing and on December 21, 2019 on traditional Indian Stick Game. Class 1 betting represents traditional indigenous sporting events or games that are not classed as mainstream sports bets.

 

In October 2019, we engaged experienced U.S. bookmaker Kevin Slicker to lead the development of our U.S. designed betting platform and products and also entered into multi-year agreements with Handle 19, Inc. and Grand Central, LLC, two retail sports bar operators in Washington, DC to provide sports betting products and services in their establishments upon the completion of their licensing process.

 

The commencement of betting transactions in Montana and Washington, DC are subject to obtaining the required certification, licensing and approvals from the Gambling Control Division of the Montana Department of Justice and the District of Columbia Office of the Lottery and Charitable Games, respectively, which has not been determined as of the date of this annual report.

 

8

 

 
 

 

Products and Services and Distribution Methods

 

Betting Platform

 

We believe that our Platform, engineered and launched by our software development team at Odissea, is a highly efficient, cutting edge betting Platform technology that supports the processing of online client gaming account protocols as well as land-based betting protocols with seamless multi-channel functionality accepting all forms of payment methods (i.e., cash, e-wallet, bank card and wire transfer, etc.) and integrated with a real-time CRM and Business Intelligence program for streamlined cross-platform marketing as well as a synchronized financial accounting process.

 

Payment channels for both deposit and withdrawals online are as set forth below:

 

● Player indirect – meaning that the customer makes a deposit indirectly to their gaming account through a licensed agent (such as a cash deposit to their gaming account at a web-shop counter (e-credit to player account)).

 

● Player direct – meaning that the customer makes a deposit directly to their own gaming account through one or more of the following methods:

 

● Credit Card;

● ATM/Debit card;

● Bank Wire;

● Postal Money Order; and

● e-wallet or e-credit transfer.

 

Payment channels for both play of wagers and settlement of winnings at the land-based or retail agency or corner counter is as follows:

 

● Player direct – meaning that the customer pays for the wager in cash and accepted debit or credit cards.

 

We currently employ a customizable client-focused and cost-effective “hands-on” method, rather than a “general approach” to our Platform design with the goal of empowering our player-facing agents and employees to enhance the players’ experience by allowing personalized dashboard design and customer care for all customer call-ins to our service agents. We believe that this strategy has been highly effective in the Italian retail betting market and has been instrumental in increasing our revenues, net earnings and player retention.

 

Gaming Product Offerings

 

Our online sales channel (websites and web-shops) offers a full suite of gaming products that can be played in both real-money or free-play modes which include:

 

● Sports Betting: Considered the largest and most well-known industry segment offering both pre-match and live in-game betting events on a wide variety of sports.

● Online Casino: includes the following:

● Traditional Online Casino Games: Automated (using random number generated (“RNG”)) casino games such as roulette, blackjack and baccarat and slot machines.

● Live Online Casino Games: Table games broadcast via live video stream with real dealers and croupiers that simulate the atmosphere of a physical casino.

● Poker: Texas Hold’em and Omaha in both cash and tournament formats.

● Bingo and Skilled and Interactive Games: Games that are programmed with a random number generator to ensure constant fairness for all parties. These games include card games such as tresette (3 Sevens), scopa (Sweep) and briscola (Trump).

● Virtual Sports Betting: Various computer generated sport and racing events that are programmed with a RNG.

● Horse Racing: Live track horse racing events.

 

Our land-based locations generally offer only sports betting, virtual sports betting, horse racing and physical slot machines.

 

9

 

 
 

 

Current Markets, Other Services and Facilities

 

In addition to complementing gaming offerings originally provided by our acquired operators with our Newgioco branding, we intend to add new products and services with the assistance of gaming specialists, software providers and market research professionals, such as we have done with our acquisition of VG. We believe that we can generate additional revenues by establishing more marketing centers and web-shops.

 

We currently service approximately 68,000 online user accounts and estimate that our online user base will increase to over 100,000 in two years based on projections of both organic growth and acquisitions of existing operators. In addition, we also service an indeterminate number of walk-in customers at our physical locations throughout Italy. As we increase our customer base in Italy, our betting handle in our Italian operations reached approximately $454 million by the end of 2019. We also expect to begin to penetrate the U.S. market and expect to have approximately 3-5 SaaS operator customers with approximately 20,000 active end-users playing on our Platform in the U.S. in 2020. The increase in customers is expected to result in anticipated revenue growth of between 25-35% in 2020 and expected operating margins in the 10-15% range, as a result of an improvement in operating leverage.

 

Our client’s range in age from ages 18 through 79 and are a mix of 70% male and 30% female. In addition, we separate our revenue source by (a) sports betting, (b) casino and card game betting and (c) poker. Our in-house analysis indicates that sports betting and casino games are more popular than poker and other card games among our customer base. Furthermore, sports betting is our most profitable revenue stream yielding the highest percentage of our gross gaming revenue at 51% of revenues, which is representative of industry metrics when measured by completed sports seasons on a year over year basis. Our second largest source of revenue is currently casino followed by poker. We anticipate a shift in revenue in the future and that our largest source of our future revenue growth will be from SaaS, which is expected to have the highest gross margin followed by sportsbook, casino and poker.

 

Our internal analysis further indicates different gaming patterns among our male and female online users. Male players prefer sports-bets, while approximately 10% of them also explore casino and poker. Conversely, female players prefer casino and bingo while approximately 1% try our other games such as poker, sports-betting or lotteries.

 

Most of our users are currently located throughout Italy with the highest concentrations in larger centers such as Rome and Naples.

 

We expect that users from any operators that we acquire will continue to utilize our services and anticipate that any operators we acquire will have existing revenues from users who frequent their establishments and venues or use their websites. In addition to acquiring customers through the acquisition of operators, we intend to obtain additional licenses and pursue contracts and relationships with other operators that we believe will attract and secure new users as we increase our customer base globally.

 

Our revenue streams are as follows:

 

Gaming revenues

Revenues from sports-betting, casino, cash and skill games, slots, bingo and horse race wagers represent the gross pay-ins (also referred to as turnover) from customers less gaming taxes and payouts to customers. Revenues are recorded when the game is closed which is representative of the point in time at which we have satisfied its performance obligation. In addition, we receive commissions from the sale of scratch tickets and other lottery games. Commissions are recorded when the ticket for scratch off tickets and lottery tickets are sold.

 

Betting platform

Revenues from the Betting Platform include license fees, training, installation, and product support services. Revenue is recognized when transfer of control to the customer has been made and our performance obligation has been fulfilled. License fees are calculated as a percentage of each licensee’s level of activity and are contingent upon the licensee’s usage. The license fees are recognized on an accrual basis as earned.

 

10

 

 
 

 

Mobile Browser Application

 

Based upon customer demand for improved performance, speed, and ease-of-use for sports betting on mobile devices, we engaged a dedicated internal team of engineers to this distribution channel and have already launched and intend to continue to launch several new and innovative features.

 

In June 2019, we launched our second-generation mobile browser based betting platform on our Elys Platform. The new mobile platform is dedicated to improving the user experience with respect to sports betting with a unique modular design that allows quick go-to-market with plug-and-play features, we have the ability to tailor the mobile app to each market, including specific look and feel features, while end users quickly get to the desired bet ticket with just few clicks. The new modular architecture of our second-generation mobile platform includes features inherent in the leading-edge Material Design framework developed by GoogleTM in 2014. Material Design is a visual language that synthesizes the classic principles of good design with the innovation of technology and science allowing the flexibility to quickly create new layouts for a variety of both enterprise brands and chain store locations, private brands and applications to add other features such as loyalty rewards for restaurants and cruise lines, push marketing for customer acquisition and retention and importantly, the ability to offer both online and land-based betting distribution under a variety of gaming regulations.

 

Our Websites

 

The ADM requires that all gaming websites be owned only by the license holder (Multigioco). We own our branded url (uniform resource locator) www.newgioco.it in accordance with the ADM licensing requirements and either directly operate our websites (main page - newgioco.it) and all white-label websites or alternatively contract the websites to third party agents or promoters operating webskin urls under the licensed main page.

 

Our main licensed gaming website, www.newgioco.it, currently processes live and virtual sports bets and mobile betting transactions through our Platform, while online casino and poker are provided under a third-party service provider agreement with Microgame SpA, and lotto products are provided by Lottomatica SpA. Odissea provides and operates all aspects of our online gaming website including servers, routers, software development (for the Newgioco branded website operations), sportsbook trading, telephone betting, licensing, website hosting, payment solutions, security, and gaming related customer support needs.

 

Our main and white-label websites are tailored for the Italian gaming market. We maintain a web-based platform directly under the branded website www.newgioco.it which serves both players directly and web-shops (i.e., internet café’s). There are some variations in website style because we offer different services through distinctive marketing campaigns:

 

  www.newgioco.it is mainly devoted to marketing for shops, including marketing with respect to campaigns, branding, and proposals/marketing for prospective operators to become a “Newgioco shop” and is the landing page for all white-label websites. A landing page refers to a webpage that is generally owned by a promoter (which can also be referred to as a betting shop) which redirects their marketing (social network, friends or other forms of marketing) to this main webpage. Apart from a few advertisements, the landing page links patrons to sign-up or register directly on the newgioco.it main page except that a promotional code is tied to the link, such that the web promoter can funnel its marketing through a subnet. In the case of Italy, the entire subnet (a subnet is a logical grouping of connected network devices; nodes on a subnet tend to be located in close physical proximity to each other such as on a LAN) must be connected to the ADM network (and all games offered through the network) must be certified and approved by SOGEI (an entity authorized to conduct such certification and approval by the Italian Ministry of Finance).

 

Our www.newgioco.it website offers wagering in many categories of sports events. We intend to capture a larger share of the Italian sports betting market by focusing on the Serie A, Serie B, and Serie C soccer matches as well as virtual sports betting, online poker, online casino and slots, skill games, and Italian horse racing through agent-based sales campaigns.

 

Our direct sales campaigns aimed at end users and agent based sales campaigns are offered through white-label pages or webskins that direct gaming transactions through our main website www.newgioco.it. We currently operate eleven such webskins as follows:

 

11

 

 
 

 

● www. originalbet.it ● www.timetobet.it
● www.lovingbet.it ● www.imperialbet.it
● www.clubgames.it ● www.gamesmart.it

● www.quibet.it

● www.782sport.it

● www.fullmatch.it

● www.mixbet.it

● www.betlive5k.it

 

  webskins or white-label pages are dedicated to the end-user, or player, and focus on regional campaigns and gaming offerings directed at local players, such as welcome bonuses, poker rake rebate for poker players, etc. A white-label page is a complete gaming website (similar to the main website of the licenser (in our case Multigioco)) but with the interface and logo of the promoter. The promoter earns fees based on a percentage of the handle (turnover) generated through their website.

 

In relation to the third-party websites, the promoter (“partner”, “shop”, “agent” or “promoter”) is responsible for marketing strategies, administration and costs. The promoter may utilize special promotions, draws and incentives to drive players to their website to increase gaming handle (turnover) or visits. Generally, these regional promoters operate in areas that are remote or distant from our central operations based in Rome. Therefore, some promotions may be tied to local events in the jurisdictions surrounding the “home base” of the promoter rather than originating from our main operations. The relationship with local shops and players from the promoter region remains with the promoter since there may be regional nuances that attract their clientele to our gaming offerings. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the gaming business is owned by the underlying licensor (i.e., Multigioco) and is included in our overall financial results as gaming handle (turnover).

 

The promoter does not have direct access to our client gaming accounts and is therefore not legally responsible or liable for maintaining gaming account balances. Instead, the licensor is legally responsible for compliance and client gaming account control such as anti-money laundering, know-your-client and minimum age restrictions, and is also required to ensure that all payouts due to players are credited to each players’ gaming account and are available to players within seven business days of the completion of the play.

 

In the Italian market, our websites are only published in Italian. We may include additional languages if we determine that such services are commercially viable and if we agree to pay the related development fees. We currently have plans to expand our websites to include additional languages in the future.

 

Although we have a diverse portfolio of product and service offerings through our websites, we intend to focus on creating in-house cost savings and synergies by undertaking strategic acquisitions of competing webskin operators and to operate them under our Newgioco branding. We intend to replicate our successful operational model developed in the regulated Italian market through the U.S. and into other international markets.

 

Intellectual Property

 

We do not own any patents or have any patent applications pending in Italy or any other jurisdiction. As a result of our acquisitions of Multigioco, Rifa and the gaming assets of Newgioco Srl, we obtained the rights to the domestic distribution brand known throughout Italy as New Gioco, and in July 2015, we obtained a trademark on the brand and logo for New Gioco.

 

As a result of the acquisition of Odissea, we obtained the intellectual property and technical know-how behind our Elys betting Platform.

 

We also have proprietary rights to a number of trademarks, service marks and trade names used in this annual report which are important to our business including “Aleabet”, “OriginalBet”, “LovingBet” and “Elys.”

 

Research and Development

 

We are continually updating the Platform and the products that we offer. We incurred expenses in the amount of $410,000 and $415,000 for each of the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively for research and development. We expect that expenses we incur for development and improving our betting software to be continuous recurring research and development expenses.

 

12

 

 
 

Industry Overview

 

Overview of the Italian Leisure Betting Industry

 

Leisure betting describes consumer entertainment products such as purchase of lottery tickets, scratch off tickets, sports betting and online casino, which customers play on a daily or regular basis.

 

Gambling has been culturally rooted since Roman times, and as such, Italian gaming laws are governed by a well-defined set of regulations which are considered to be some of the most advanced and robust regulations in the world. The ADM has created a barrier to entry into the gaming industry in Italy through its implementation of processes and regulations aimed at consolidating and reducing the number of licenses including, but not limited to, increased insurance requirements, increased minimum number of locations, creating favorable conditions for operators such as Newgioco.

 

Overview of the Global Leisure Gaming Market

 

The easing of government regulations on sports betting is expected to be a primary growth driver for the global online gambling market. We believe that the tax revenue in addition to increase in employment opportunities derived from online gambling will motivate governments around the globe to legalize online gambling. In May 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the national ban on sports betting (PASPA) was unconstitutional, paving the way for states to enact laws authorizing sports gambling.

 

In addition to the repeal of PASPA, as of December 2019, four states, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Nevada and New Jersey, as well as the U.S. Virgin Islands, allowed online gaming, while other states have indicated their support for enacting laws authorizing land-based and/or online sports betting (including Mississippi, Oregon, Montana, Indiana, Iowa, New Hampshire, West Virginia, Rhode Island, New Mexico, Colorado, Washington and Illinois).

 

The global online gambling market is gaining popularity in Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA) because online sports betting sites generate substantial revenues for governments. Their significant contribution to national revenues is encouraging several countries to legalize online gambling.

 

The global online gambling market is characterized by the presence of several vendors competing to gain market dominance. Some small vendors are operating only in specific product verticals such as casino and lottery, while other vendors are operating in multiple areas including poker and sports betting. The growth opportunity for these vendors is increasing due to the rise in the number of online gambling providers and improved access to the internet around the world, as well as the increase in the number of players.

 

Certain key vendors in the global online gambling market are:

 

● Bet 365 (Hillside Group); ● bet-at-home.com;
● The Stars Group (formerly Poker Stars); ● GVC Holdings;
● Paddy Power Betfair; (now merged with Stars Group); ● Ladbrokes Coral Group (now merged with GVC Holdings);
● DraftKings; ● GAN Limited
● 888 Holdings; ● IGT/GTECH Lottomatica SpA, and
● William Hill; ● Kindred (Unibet Group).

 

Other notable product vendors in the market also include Betsson, Gamenet/Intralot/Goldbet, Camelot Group, Genting UK, NetEnt, Playtech (acquired Snaitech), and Rank Group. See “Competition” below for additional information on major operators in Italy.

 

The sports betting segment is expected to grow with the increased popularity of global soccer sporting events such as the FIFA World Cup and ongoing global growth of cricket and rugby tournaments. In addition, online betting is popular in many sports events that take place around the globe including basketball, horse and greyhound racing, ice hockey, baseball, golf, tennis and American football. Sports betting is becoming more popular due to the expansion of wagering on these sports through online channels.

 

13

 

 
 

 

Competition

 

Competition in the leisure gaming industry is moderate with operators competing for customers in various geographic markets. These include online operations of “land- based” casino operators, poker rooms, sports/race books, bingo, skills games, lottery, betting exchanges as well as internet or web only based operators. The global reach of the internet together with the abundant supply of games and operators means that users can easily switch gaming platforms and operators, thereby increasing competition. Government and other regulations make it more difficult for operators to expand their footprint in certain markets leading to the consolidation of operators in such markets, while the easing of regulations in some markets has permitted more operators to expand to new marketplaces.

 

We compete with several private and publicly listed companies that provide land-based and/or online gaming, many of which have greater sources of financing, greater name recognition and have been engaged in the industry longer than we have. In addition, current land-based casino competitors, many of which have longer operating histories, greater brand recognition and greater financial and other resources than us, may provide Internet gaming services in the future.

 

We face direct competition in Italy from established online gaming sites including:

 

GTECH (IGT/Lottomatica): focused on providing software and services in the Internet, lottery and sports betting market;
Snaitech: (recently acquired by Playtech) an Italian corporation that deals with the management of betting odds and horse racing contests;
Sisal: (wholly owned by CVC Capital Partners) one of the oldest Italian gaming companies offering Internet betting, lotteries, scratch to win, poker and casino, slots and arcade games;
GVC Holdings/BWIN: one of the largest online gaming companies in the world focused primarily on sports betting, as well as online casino and poker;
Ladbrokes/Gala Coral Group/Eurobet: a UK based betting and gambling company which was acquired by GVC Holdings in March 2018;
Bet365 (Hillside Media): a UK based online gambling company offering sports betting, poker, casino, games, and bingo, as well as video streams of sporting events;
PaddyPower/Betfair (Flutter Entertainment): is a London Stock Exchange listed company and a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. The company is a bookmaking business created by the merger of Paddy Power and Betfair, and operates under various brands including Betfair, Paddy Power, Sportsbet, TVG and FanDuel;
The Stars Group (PokerStars): a Canadian online gaming company formerly known as Amaya Gaming Group produces and offers online gaming products and services including poker, casino and sportsbook through its online gaming division, Stars Interactive under the brands PokerStars, PokerStars Casino, BetStars and Full Tilt Poker and in May 2020, The Stars Group completed its merger with Flutter Entertainment;
888 Holdings: a multinational online gambling company which operates several international gambling websites including 888casino (one of the oldest online casino websites); 888poker and 888bingo; and
William Hill: a UK based bookmaker founded in 1934 is listed on the London Stock Exchange and a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index operates an online sportsbook and offers online casino games, ‘skill games’, online bingo and online poker. The company operates approximately 2,300 betting shops and employs over 16,000 people worldwide.

 

Government Regulations

 

We conduct business in a number of jurisdictions, of which Italy has historically contributed the most significant recurring gaming revenue, while our VG subsidiary operates as a vendor or supplier to the gaming industry in such other jurisdictions. We are subject to various government regulations in the jurisdictions in which we currently operate or intend to operate in as set forth below. Current and future laws and regulations may impede the growth of regulated online and land-based gaming and wagering. Any noncompliance with the various laws and regulations that our operations are subject to may harm our business and results of operations.

 

14

 

 
 

 

Italy

 

In Italy, the operation of land-based and online gaming activities requires a license awarded by the ADM. The ADM is responsible for, among other things:

 

  regulating games and enforcing relevant regulatory provisions;
  issuing licenses, and supervising compliance by licensees;
  monitoring the distribution of gaming services; and
  collecting gaming taxes.

 

There are currently two main categories of licenses (land-based and online) issued or awarded by the ADM in three series:

 

  Series 1 first issued by legal decree in 1992, renewed in 2009 under the Abruzzo decree and are colloquially branded as “Monti” licenses, that expired in 2016 and are expected to be called for renewal tender between 2020 and 2022;
  Finance Act series which were awarded by tender in 2006 and are known as “Bersani” Licenses that expired in 2016 and are expected to be called for renewal tender between 2020 and 2022; and
  New series Gioco a Distanza (Games at a Distance) (“GAD”) issued by application process under the Comunitaria decree in 2010 expire in 2021 and are expected to be renewed through a license tender auction.

 

The Monti and Bersani licenses provide distribution authorization to operate both Negozio Sportivo (agency) and Punto Sportivo (corner) land-based establishments as well as GAD online (web-based) distribution. Land-based Monti licenses and Bersani licenses are subject to and expected to be consolidated under a new decree at renewal auction which is expected to be called for renewal tender between 2020 and 2022, to match up with the limited number of Comunitaria Series GAD licenses expiring in 2021.

 

We currently hold, through our subsidiaries four gaming licenses upon which our business is dependent: (i) a Bersani license, (ii) a Monti license, (iii) a GAD license and (iv) an Austrian bookmaker license. Our Italian Bersani, Monti and GAD licenses are issued by the ADM, while our Austrian bookmaker license is issued by the Austrian Gambling Authority (BMF). Each Italian license is typically valid for a term of nine years while the Austrian license has a lifetime duration and, in both cases, can be terminated if we fail to comply with required regulations in each country. The renewal process for the Bersani license and Monti license, is a call to tender auction process held at the same time for all licensees approximately once every nine years with the highest bidders being awarded not only licenses but rights to operate a certain number of land-based locations. In addition, the maximum number of land-based license rights that any one operator may bid on at auction is 20% of the total market being auctioned.

 

Each of the Bersani and Monti land-based licenses allow us to offer specific gaming products through physical retail locations that require one license right per each physical location. The rights granted under the Bersani and Monti licenses are not fixed to any specific physical location and can be moved at the discretion of the licensee to any physical address so long as the physical address has a police issued municipal license (as prescribed by article 86, paragraph 3, of the Italian Unified Text of Public Security Law (TULPS)) to sell gaming products and so long as the physical locations meet the ADM requirements, most of which are zoning requirements that require that the location is situated at a minimum distance from schools, churches and ATM’s and banks. Multigioco currently holds one land-based Bersani license with seven corner location rights that was issued to it in 2006, expired in 2016 and is up for renewal at such time as the ADM determines to hold an auction, which is expected to take place between 2020 and 2022. Rifa holds one land-based Monti license that was issued to it in 2010 with three agency location rights, expired in 2016 and is up for renewal at such time as the ADM determines to hold an auction, which is expected to take place between 2020 and 2022. Although both Monti and Bersani land-based licenses expired in 2016, until the ADM holds the auction for renewal of the licenses, we have been granted a Letter of Authority which permits us to continue our operations in Italy until the next government organized license renewal is held. For a description of the risks associated with the licenses and their renewal see the Risk Factors. Our failure to successfully acquire the requisite number of location rights we desire at the renewal auction in Italy may adversely impact our business. In such event, we will most likely either acquire rights in the secondary market from someone selling rights they acquired at auction at prices which are typically higher than the auction prices of the ADM or open additional web-shops, which will be less expensive but also have lower profit margins than the land-based operations.

 

15

 

 
 

 

Multigioco was awarded a Comunitaria Series GAD license by the ADM in 2011. The licenses provide Multigioco the right to:

 

  offer gaming products that ADM authorizes for deployment in Italy through online channels which include websites and apps displayed on a PC, tablet or mobile phone;
  enter into licensing, joint venture and acquisition agreements with shops and private enterprises as concessionaires that provide various local services such as convenience stores, bars, cafes, and restaurants in Italy;
  establish web cafe`s as permitted by the regulations enforced by the ADM regional office within Italy; and
  take such steps such as know your client (“KYC”) and anti-money laundering controls (“AML”) that are deemed necessary to develop the business of regulated gaming in Italy.

 

An online account allows a player to fund an account through a variety of electronic payment channels such as credit cards, ATM/debit cards and bank wires. The GAD license allows us the opportunity to open an unlimited number of web-shops and to close any of the web-shops that we open in our sole discretion. We currently operate approximately 1,200 web-shops throughout Italy. Our GAD license expires on June 15, 2021 and can be renewed provided that we have not violated any regulations. Although we believe that we will be able to renew this license through a tender notice process, no assurances can be given that the renewal will be timely, if at all.

 

Ulisse holds one Austrian bookmaker license that it was issued in June 2018 which has no termination date but may be terminated or cancelled by the regulator if Ulisse fails to comply with any regulations. We currently operate 130 CED retail locations in Italy under our Austrian bookmaker license.

 

In addition, our software Platform has been certified for use in Italy in accordance with the ADM requirements by Quinel M. Limited, an international technology auditor that conducted an audit of the Platform in June 2017. The purpose of the certification is to prove the effectiveness and accuracy of communications between the supplier interface and the user/operator interface. Any updates to the software or changes to key functions that we implement, require recertification, for which there can be no assurance that our software will qualify.

 

United States

 

There is no federal United States legislation that explicitly addresses the legality of online gambling. However, there are several acts that impact online gambling.

 

The Federal Wire Act of 1961 makes the placing of sports bets over the telephone illegal. The Federal Wire Act of 1961 does not explicitly refer to online gambling, leaving its applicability to on online gambling open to interpretation.

 

The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 (“UIGEA”) prohibits any person engaged in the business of betting or wagering from knowingly accepting payments related to unlawful bets or wagers transmitted over the Internet. While the UIGEA does not define online gambling as being illegal, the UIGEA instructs the U.S. Treasury Department and Federal Reserve to impose obligations upon financial institutions and other payment processors to establish procedures designed to block online gaming-related financial transactions. It also expressly requires Internet bets and wagers to comply with the law of the jurisdiction where the wagers are initiated and received (i.e., within state borders). As a result of the UIGEA we may not accept bets received by use of wire communications facilities, including telephones and computers, unless such bets originated and terminated in jurisdictions where such betting or wagering is legal.

 

In May 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (the “PASPA”) was unconstitutional as it violated the Tenth Amendment prohibition against forcing states to implement federal laws. Enacted in 1992, PASPA generally prohibited states from authorizing, licensing or sponsoring betting on competitive games in which amateur or professional athletes participate. PASPA did not make sports betting a federal crime; but rather, it allowed the attorney general for the Department of Justice, as well as professional and amateur sports organizations, to bring civil actions to enjoin violations of PASPA. The U.S. Supreme Court decision opens the door for all states to legalize and regulate sports gambling within their borders. States such as Nevada, New Jersey, Delaware, West Virginia, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Arkansas, Montana, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Tennessee, New York, New Mexico, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Oregon, Michigan, Mississippi, Colorado and the District of Columbia have passed laws that were ready to be enacted once the federal ban on sports betting was lifted. In addition, additional states including Maine, California, Connecticut, Louisiana, South Carolina, Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Kentucky, Ohio and Maryland are considering active bills.

 

16

 

 
 

 

United Kingdom and European Union

 

The United Kingdom and certain European Union countries such as Germany, France, Spain and Greece have enacted online gaming laws and regulations. To the extent that we operate in any of these jurisdictions, our operations will need to be in compliance with the laws and regulations of such jurisdiction.

 

Additional Government Regulations

 

We are subject to general business regulations and laws which cover among others, taxation, virtual currencies, identity theft, account management guidelines, privacy, disclosure rules, security and marketing.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2019, we employed one person directly and engaged three persons as independent contractors, while our subsidiaries Multigioco employed 33 full-time, and approximately 12 independent contractors and sales agents, Odissea employed 7 full-time employees, Ulisse employed 10 full-time employees and Virtual Generation employed 1 full time employee. None of our employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement, and we consider our relations with our employees to be very good.

 

Corporate Information

 

Newgioco Group, Inc. is a Delaware corporation incorporated on August 26, 1998.

 

Our principal headquarters are located at 130 Adelaide Street, West, Suite 701, Toronto, Ontario M5H 2K4, and the offices of our wholly-owned subsidiaries are located in Canada, Italy, Malta and Austria. Our subsidiaries include: Multigioco Srl (acquired on August 15, 2014), Rifa Srl (acquired on January 1, 2015), as well as Ulisse GmbH and Odissea Betriebsinformatik Beratung GmbH (both acquired on July 1, 2016), Virtual Generation Limited and Naos Holding Limited (both acquired on January 30, 2019), Newgioco Group, Inc. (Canada) formed on January 17, 2017, Elys Technology Group Limited, a company organized under the laws of Republic of Malta on April 4, 2019, and Newgioco Colombia SAS, a company organized under the laws of Colombia on November 26, 2019. Our telephone number is +39-391-306-4134. Our corporate website address is www.newgiocogroup.com. The information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into this annual report, and you should not consider any information contained on, or that can be accessed through, our website as part of this annual report or in deciding whether to purchase or sell our securities.

 

We have proprietary rights to a number of trademarks, service marks and trade names used in this annual report which are important to our business including “New Gioco”, “Aleabet”, “OriginalBet”, “LovingBet” and “Elys”. Solely for convenience, the trademarks, service marks and trade names in this annual report are referred to without the ® and TM symbols, but such references should not be construed as any indicator that their respective owners will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, their rights thereto. All other trademarks, trade names and service marks appearing in this annual report are the property of their respective owners.

 

Available Investor Information

 

We file electronically with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) of 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. We make available through our website, free of charge, copies of these reports as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file or furnish them to the SEC. Our website is located at www.newgiocogroup.com. You can also request copies of such documents by contacting us at 39-391-306-4134 or sending an email to investor@newgiocogroup.com.

 

17

 

 
 

 

Item 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

In addition to the other information contained in this Form 10-K, the following risk factors should be considered carefully in evaluating the Company. Our business, financial condition, liquidity, or results of operations could be materially adversely affected by any of these risks. Accordingly, when we refer to "our operators" below, it is with reference to operators that we currently own or are in the process of acquiring or may acquire in the future, regardless of the level of ownership or operators that are involved in joint ventures with us. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones facing our company, additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial may also have an adverse effect on us. If any of the matters discussed in the following risk factors were to occur, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or prospects could be materially and adversely affected.

 

Risks Related to Our Business

 

Our Business Has Been Negatively Impacted By the COVID-19 Pandemic.

 

In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, the virus which causes COVID-19, was reported to have surfaced in Wuhan, China. Since then, the COVID-19 coronavirus has spread to multiple countries, including the United States. The impact of the COVID-19 coronavirus outbreak caused the temporary closures of our retail locations throughout Italy, suspension of professional sports competitions throughout the world negatively impacting our ability to offer sports gaming products, and could have a negative impact on our business.

 

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a global pandemic. This contagious disease outbreak, which has continued to spread, and the related adverse public health developments, have adversely affected work forces, economies and financial markets globally. The outbreak caused the temporary closures of our physical locations where we provide our gaming services throughout Italy, of which some locations began to re-open on May 4, 2020, and the suspension of professional sports competitions throughout the world negatively impacting our ability to offer sports gaming products. The recent quarantines, the timing and length of containment and eradication solutions, travel restrictions, absenteeism by infected workers have had an adverse impact our sales and operating results. In addition, the pandemic could result in an economic downturn that could impact the demand for our products. We expect this global pandemic will continue to have an impact on our revenue and our results of operations, the size and duration of which we are currently unable to predict.

 

In response to the spread of COVID-19 as well as public health directives and orders, we have implemented work-from-home policies to support the community efforts to reduce the transmission of COVID-19 and protect employees, complying with guidance from national and local government and health authorities. We implemented a number of measures to ensure employee safety and business continuity. Business travel has been suspended, and online and teleconference technology is used to meet virtually rather than in person. The effects of the governmental orders and our work-from-home policies have negatively impact productivity, disrupt our business and delay our progress in implementing our business plan, the magnitude of which will depend, in part, on the length and severity of the restrictions and other limitations on our ability to conduct our business in the ordinary course.

 

In addition, the outbreak of the COVID-19 coronavirus could disrupt our operations due to absenteeism by infected or ill members of management or other employees, or absenteeism by members of management and other employees who elect not to come to work due to the illness affecting others in our office or other workplace, or due to quarantines. COVID-19 illness could also impact members of our Board of Directors resulting in absenteeism from meetings of the directors or committees of directors, and making it more difficult to convene the quorums of the full Board of Directors or its committees needed to conduct meetings for the management of our affairs.

 

The global outbreak of the COVID-19 coronavirus continues to rapidly evolve. The extent to which the COVID-19 outbreak may continue to impact our business will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence, such as the ultimate geographic spread of the disease, the duration of the outbreak, travel restrictions and social distancing in the United States and other countries, business closures or business disruptions and the effectiveness of actions taken in the United States and other countries to contain and treat the disease. We do not yet know the full extent of potential delays or impacts on our business, operations, or the global economy as a whole. While the spread of COVID-19 may eventually be contained or mitigated, there is no guarantee that a future outbreak of this or any other widespread epidemics will not occur, or that the global economy will recover, either of which could seriously harm our business.

 

18

 

 
 

 

Because we have a limited operating history, we may not be able to successfully manage our business or achieve profitability.

 

We have a limited operating history with respect to our gaming operations upon which you can evaluate our prospects and our potential value. We began our gaming operations in 2014, when we completed the acquisition of Multigioco, a corporation organized under the laws of the Republic of Italy, which is now our wholly owned subsidiary and was granted its ADM Comunitaria GAD (Online Gaming) license on July 4, 2012. As a result of the acquisition of Multigioco, our principal business became a licensed leisure gaming operator offering web-based and land-based sports betting, lottery and gaming products for our customers. The subsidiary that owns our Platform, Odissea, was acquired by us along with our Austrian bookmaker subsidiary, Ulisse in June 2016. In January 2019, we acquired VG, a company that owns and has developed a virtual gaming software platform. Therefore, it is difficult to evaluate our business. If we cannot successfully manage our business, we may not be able to generate future profits and may not be able to support our operations.

 

The likelihood of our success and performance must be considered in light of the expenses, complications and delays frequently encountered in connection with the establishment and expansion of new business and the highly competitive environment in which we operate.

 

We have incurred substantial losses in the past and it may be difficult to achieve profitability.

 

We have a history of losses and are anticipated to incur additional losses in the development of our business. For the year ended December 31, 2019 we had a net loss of $8.0 million and a net loss of $3.6 million and for the year ended December 31, 2018. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018 we had accumulated deficits of $21.9 million, and $14.0 million, respectively. Since we are currently in the early stages of our development and strategy, we intend to continue to invest in sales and marketing, product and solution development and operations, including the hiring of additional personnel, upgrading our technology and infrastructure and expanding into new geographical markets. Even if we are successful in increasing our customer base, we expect to also incur increased losses in the short term. Costs associated with entering new markets, acquiring clients, customers and operators are generally incurred up front, while service and transactional revenues are generally recognized at future dates if at all. Our efforts to grow our business may be more costly than we expect, and we may not be able to increase our revenues enough to offset our higher operating expenses. We may incur significant losses in the future for a number of reasons, including the other risks described in this section, and unforeseen expenses, difficulties, complications and delays and other unknown events. If we are unable to achieve and sustain profitability, the value of our business and common stock may significantly decrease.

 

We have material weaknesses and other deficiencies in our internal control and accounting procedures.

 

Section 404 of Sarbanes-Oxley requires annual management assessments of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. Our management assessed the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2019 and concluded that we had a material weakness in our internal controls due to our limited resources and therefore our disclosure controls and procedures are not effective in providing material information required to be included in our periodic SEC filings on a timely basis and to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our periodic SEC filings is accumulated and communicated to our management to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure about our internal control over financial reporting. More specifically, our internal control over financial reporting was not effective due to material weaknesses related to a segregation of duties due to our limited resources and small number of employees. Due to limited staffing, we are not always able to detect minor errors or omissions in financial reporting. In addition, as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, our management concluded that we had a material weakness in internal control over financial reporting related to a limited segregation of duties due to our limited resources and the small number of employees. If we fail to comply with the rules under Sarbanes-Oxley related to disclosure controls and procedures in the future, or, if we continue to have material weaknesses and other deficiencies in our internal control and accounting procedures and disclosure controls and procedures, our stock price could decline significantly and raising capital could be more difficult. If additional material weaknesses or significant deficiencies are discovered or if we otherwise fail to address the adequacy of our internal control and disclosure controls and procedures our business may be harmed. Moreover, effective internal controls are necessary for us to produce reliable financial reports and are important to helping prevent financial fraud. If we cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent fraud, our business and operating results could be harmed, investors could lose confidence in our reported financial information, and the trading price of our securities could drop significantly.

 

19

 

 
 

 

We expect to continue relying on our discretionary available cash and available bank credit facilities to fund our additional acquisitions or enter into new business opportunities, which bank credit facilities may not be available at reasonable terms, if at all.

 

We have recently initiated an ambitious investment strategy including taking steps to enter the U.S. market which has led to an increase in expenses. Our ability to execute our growth plan is dependent upon our ability to generate profits from operations in the future, bank credit facilities and/or our ability to obtain additional financing and such financing may not be available on reasonable terms, if at all.

 

If we should lose our online or land-based licenses, or if the licenses are not renewed for any reason, including our failure to successfully bid for location rights at the renewal auction, our business would be materially adversely impacted.

 

Our ability to generate revenue from gaming operations in Italy is dependent upon our ability to maintain our online and land-based licenses. We currently hold four gaming licenses upon which our business is dependent: a Bersani license, a Monti license, a GAD license and an Austrian bookmaker license. Each of the four licenses that we hold can be terminated by the regulator at any time if we fail to comply with their regulations. In addition, our GAD license that was issued to Multigioco in 2011 is up for renewal in 2021 and our Bersani land-based license that provides rights to seven corners is currently up for renewal at such time as the ADM should determine (which is expected to occur between 2020 and 2022) as is our Monti land-based license that provides rights to two agencies. Inasmuch as the renewal process for licenses is conducted through a call to tender auction process, even if we have fully complied in all respects with all requirements of the ADM, there is no guarantee that we will be the highest bidder at auction and therefore there is no guarantee that our licenses or location rights will be renewed. In addition, although our software is currently certified for use in Italy, any updates to the software or changes to key functions that we implement, require recertification, for which there can be no assurance that our software will qualify. If we are unable to renew our licenses or obtain recertification, our business would be materially adversely impacted.

 

In order to expand our land-based operations in Italy, we will be required to acquire additional location rights under our licenses or acquire operators that have location rights under their licenses and our inability to acquire such additional rights or operators or restrictions from using any license associated with such acquired operators, will result in an adverse effect on our operating results.

 

Rights to online and land-based licenses are only available in Italy at limited times when licenses are being renewed. In addition, the maximum number of land-based location rights that any one operator may bid on at auction is 20% of the total market being auctioned. Due to such limitations on acquiring new location rights in Italy, our ability to expand the number of land-based locations that we operate will depend in large part upon our ability to acquire operators that hold land-based licenses and location rights. We expect a significant portion of our additional revenue to be derived from gaming revenue earned by operators that we have recently acquired or will acquire in the future. Although the operators which we have acquired and those that we acquire in the future may have active gaming licenses and location rights, we can provide no assurance that the existing license and location rights of any particular operator we have acquired or that we acquire in the future will be renewed or retained or that we will be able to acquire additional operators and increase our client base. If we are restricted from acquiring target operators or their client base, our operating results may will be adversely affected.

 

If we are unable to respond to changes in consumer preferences, attract new customers or sell new or additional products, our future revenue and business will be adversely affected.

 

Our retail leisure betting business, website and web-shops operate in an industry that is subject to:

 

  rapid technological change;
  the proliferation of new and changing online gaming sites;
  frequent new product introductions and updates; and
  changes in customer preferences and demands.

 

If we fail to anticipate and effectively respond to any of the above changes, the demand for our products and services that we currently offer or that we may offer in the future may be reduced. Additionally, increasing incremental sales to our current customer base will require additional sales and marketing efforts, which may not be successful. Any failure to attract new customers or maintain and expand current customer relationships will have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations. Failure to anticipate and respond to changes in consumer preferences and demands could lead to, among other things, customer dissatisfaction and failure to attract and retain consumers of our products which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.

 

20

 

 
 

 

If we fail to acquire, integrate and develop operators and new technologies on favorable economic terms, our future growth and operating results could be adversely affected.

 

We anticipate that the future growth and success of our business will be dependent upon our successful acquisition of operators and development of new technologies, such as our recent acquisition of VG and Naos. We may in the future seek to acquire or invest in businesses, products or technologies that we believe could complement or expand our solutions, enhance our technical capabilities or otherwise offer growth opportunities. The pursuit of potential acquisitions may divert the attention of management and cause us to incur various expenses in identifying, investigating and pursuing suitable acquisitions, whether or not the acquisition purchases are completed. In addition, we have limited experience in acquiring other businesses. If we acquire additional businesses, we may not be able to successfully integrate the acquired personnel, operations and technologies, or effectively manage the combined business following the acquisition. We may not be able to find and identify desirable acquisition targets or be successful in entering into an agreement with any particular target. Acquisitions could also result in dilutive issuances of equity securities or the incurrence of debt, which could adversely affect our operating results. In addition, if an acquired business fails to meet our expectations, our operating results, business and financial condition may suffer. The difficulties and risks associated with the integration of the operations of new operators into our existing business, include:

 

  the possibility that we will fail to implement our business plans for the integrated company, including as a result of new legislation or regulation in the gaming industry that affects the timing or costs associated with our operations or our acquisition plans;
  possible inconsistencies between our standards, controls, procedures, policies and compensation structures and those of operators that we acquire;
  the increased scope and complexity of our operations following the acquisition of multiple operators;
  the potential loss of key employees and the costs associated with our efforts to retain key employees;
  provisions in contracts that we and the acquired operators have with third parties that may limit our flexibility to take certain actions;
  risks and limitations on our ability to consolidate the corporate and administrative infrastructures of new operators with our existing infrastructures; and
  failure to discover liabilities of operators prior to our acquisitions of such operators; and the possibility of unanticipated delays, costs or inefficiencies associated with the integration of operations of new operators with our existing operations.

 

As a result of these difficulties and risks, we may not be able to successfully grow our business.

 

If we are unsuccessful in establishing or maintaining relationships with third parties, our business may be adversely impacted.

 

In order to grow our business, we anticipate that we will continue to depend on relationships with third parties, such as deployment partners, and technology and content providers. Identifying partners, and negotiating and documenting relationships with them, requires significant time and resources. Our competitors may be more effective in providing incentives to third parties to favor their products or services or to prevent or reduce the use of our services. In addition, acquisitions of our partners by our competitors could result in a decrease in the number of our current and potential customers, as our partners may no longer facilitate the adoption of our solutions by potential customers.

 

If we are unsuccessful in establishing or maintaining our relationships with third parties, our ability to compete in the marketplace or to grow our revenues could be impaired and our operating results may suffer.

 

We cannot assure you that any acquisition we complete will result in short-term or long-term benefits to us.

 

Our business strategy includes expanding our products and services and we may seek acquisitions of synergistic companies to do so. Acquisitions involve numerous risks, including substantial cash expenditures; potentially dilutive issuance of equity securities; the potential incurrence of debt and contingent liabilities, some of which may be difficult or impossible to identify at the time of acquisition; difficulties in assimilating the acquired technologies or the operations of the acquired companies; diverting our management’s attention away from other business concerns; risks of entering markets in which we have limited or no direct experience; and the potential loss of our key employees or key employees of the acquired companies.

 

21

 

 
 

 

We may misjudge the value or worth of an acquired product, company or business. In addition, our future success will depend in part on our ability to integrate and manage the associated acquisitions. We cannot assure you that we will be able to make the combination of our business with that of acquired products, businesses or companies work or be successful. Furthermore, the development or expansion of our business or any acquired products, business or companies may require a substantial capital investment by us. We may not have the necessary funds or they might not be available to us on acceptable terms or at all. We may also seek to raise funds by selling shares of our preferred or common stock, which could dilute each current shareholder’s ownership interest in our company. Our operating results and financial condition will be adversely affected if we fail to implement our business strategy or if we invest resources in a strategy that ultimately proves unsuccessful.

 

If we do not have sufficient capital resources to complete acquisitions and manage our operations, our ability to implement our business plan could be adversely affected.

 

We intend to continue to make investments to support our business and may require additional funds to respond to business challenges, including the need to develop new features or enhance our existing solutions, improve our operating infrastructure or acquire complementary businesses and technologies. Accordingly, we will need capital to implement our business plan, and may seek to finance operator acquisitions and development projects through bank, debt or equity financings. Disruptions to financial markets or other challenging economic conditions may adversely impact our ability to complete any such financings or the terms of any such financings may be unacceptable or unfavorable to us. To the extent that we issue equity securities in connection with our proposed acquisition, our current stockholders will experience dilution of their holdings. To the extent we incur debt, we may be subject to restrictive covenants that impact our ability to conduct our business. We can provide no assurance that we will be able to obtain financing necessary to implement our business plan or that any such financing will be on terms acceptable to us.

 

We derive a significant portion of our revenue from gaming sales through our website and websites of our betting Platform clients. A decline in the popularity of our website or those of our Platform clients will negatively impact our business and risk our future growth.

 

We currently derive and expect to continue to derive substantially all of our primary source of revenue and service fees from the sales of gaming products and services sold through our website or websites operated by clients of our betting Platform. As such, the growth and market demand for our products and services are dependent upon, among other things, our ability to attract and retain new users and having existing users increase their activity on these websites. If we are unable to maintain or grow our revenue from sales through our website and our client’s websites, our future growth and revenues may be adversely affected.

 

Because our gaming operations are concentrated within Italy, we are subject to greater risks than a gaming company that is more geographically and internationally diversified.

 

Due to the fact that our gaming operations are concentrated within Italy, we are subject to greater risks than a gaming company that is more geographically and internationally diversified. As such, our business may be significantly affected by risks common to the Italian leisure betting market. For example, the changing government regulations on gaming licenses as well as general economic conditions in Italy and the impact of any events that disrupt our ability to offer our products and services can adversely affect our business. We cannot control the government process that awards gaming licenses to operators. Reductions in the number of licenses and frequency of issuing licenses by any government regulator can impact our ability to operate our business.

 

Our current expansion strategy, which includes expansion through VG in the various countries in which it operates and in the United States through the use of our Platform certifications, may be difficult to implement because the licensing and certification requirements to operate in the United States and other countries are currently indeterminable.

 

Our current expansion strategy includes soliciting existing licensed operators in the United States offering sports betting in states that allow sports betting to use our Platform. We have analyzed the technical specifications checklist supplied by GLI to verify that coding in our software meets the functional specifications set forth in the GLI-33 certification standards, which is the latest level of GLI certification for event wagering systems, and we believe that our Platform currently meets the majority of GLI-33 certification standards; however, since the individual states in the United States that allow sports betting have not yet determined what certifications will be required for our Platform to be used in such states, it is impossible for us to know with certainty whether our Platform will meet the certification requirements to operate in the United States. We also intend to expand our operations through VG in the various countries in which it operates; however, to date we have not had operations in most of those countries and there can be no assurance that our expansion in those countries will be successful.

 

22

 

 
 

 

We depend upon our officers and other key employees. Our inability to retain such officers and key employees or recruit additional qualified personnel may have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Our future operations and successes depend in large part upon the continued service of our officers and other key employees. Changes in our management could have an adverse effect on our business. We are dependent upon the active participation of several key management personnel, including Michele Ciavarella, our Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Alessandro Marcelli, our Vice President of Operations, and Luca Pasquini, our Vice President of Technology, all of whom provide our strategic direction. Any failure to retain our key management could negatively affect our ability to recruit and retain personnel. We do not carry key person life insurance on any of our senior management or other key personnel. In addition, our Chief Executive Officer is a Canadian citizen with a principal residence in Canada, and our Vice President Operations and Vice President Technology are Italian citizens with their principal residences in Italy. If they become unable or ineligible to legally travel to and work in the United States, their ability to perform some of their duties for our company could be materially adversely affected.

 

We must hire highly skilled technical personnel as employees and/or as independent contractors in order to develop our products. As of the date of this annual report, we have 52 employees and 15 independent contractors. The competition for highly skilled technical, managerial and other personnel is intense and we may not be able to retain or recruit such personnel. Our recruiting and retention success is substantially dependent on our ability to offer competitive salaries and benefits to our employees. We must compete with companies that possess greater financial and other resources than we do and that may be more attractive to potential employees and contractors. To be competitive, we may have to increase the compensation, bonuses, stock options and other fringe benefits offered to employees in order to attract and retain such personnel. The costs of retaining or attracting new personnel may have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results. If we fail to attract and retain the technical and managerial personnel we need to be successful, our business, operating results and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.

 

If we are not able to maintain and enhance our brand, our business, operating results and financial condition may be adversely affected.

 

We believe that maintaining and enhancing our reputation for our advanced, cost effective sports betting and gaming technology software is critical to our relationships with our existing customers and operators and to our ability to attract new customers and operators. We also believe that the importance of brand recognition and software creativity will increase as competition in our market increases. We devote significant resources to developing and maintaining our brand and innovative betting technology leadership, with a focus on identifying and interpreting emerging trends in the market, shaping and guiding industry dialogue, and expanding the adoption of online sports betting and gaming software solutions. Our brand promotion activities may not ultimately be successful or yield increased revenue. In addition, independent industry analysts provide reviews of our platform, as well as products and services offered by our competitors, and perception of our betting platform in the marketplace may be significantly influenced by these reviews. If these reviews are negative, or less positive as compared to those of our competitors’ products and services, our brand and business may be adversely affected.

 

The promotion of our brand requires us to make substantial expenditures, and we anticipate that the expenditures will increase as our market becomes more competitive, as we expand into new markets and as more sales are generated. To the extent that these activities yield increased revenue, this revenue may not offset the increased expenses we incur. If we do not successfully maintain and enhance our brand, our business may not grow, we may have reduced pricing power relative to competitors, and we could lose customers and operators or fail to attract potential new customers and operators, all of which would adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

We currently depend on and may continue to be dependent on third parties to provide certain components and products we distribute through our online gaming platform, and any increased costs associated with third party developers or any delay or interruption in production may negatively affect both our ability to provide access to the Platform and our ability to continue our operations.

 

We currently depend on third parties to provide some products through our Platform. The costs associated with relying on third parties may increase our operating and development costs and negatively affect our ability to operate because we cannot control the developer's personnel, schedule or resources. We may experience delays in finalizing Platform updates. In addition, our reliance upon third party developers exposes us to risks, including reduced control over quality assurance and costs of development. If any of the foregoing occurs, we could lose our current and prospective customers. In addition, we may be required to rely on certain technology that we license from third-parties, including software that we integrate and use with software that we may develop internally. We cannot provide any assurances that these third-party technology licenses will be available to us on commercially reasonable terms, if at all. The inability to establish any of these technology licenses, or the loss of such licenses if established, could result in delays in completing any Platform updates or changes until equivalent technology can be identified, licensed and integrated. Any such delays could materially adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

23

 

 
 

 

Specifically, our agreements with Microgame and SNAI to develop and operate some components of our gaming products and process certain land-based retail transactions is important to our operations. If we fail to comply with any of the terms or conditions of any such agreement, Microgame or SNAI may terminate our agreement or if such agreement expires and we are unable to find a suitable replacement, our business, operating results and financial condition would be materially adversely affected.

 

We depend on payments from third-party service providers, including government regulated gaming agencies. If we are unable to collect such payments or these payments decrease or do not increase as our costs increase, our financial condition and operating results may be adversely affected.

 

We depend, in part, on private entities and regulated third-party sources of payment for the gross gaming revenue earned by our operators. The amount our operators receive for their services may be adversely affected by market and cost factors as well as other factors over which we have no control, including future changes to the payment systems, the cost containment and utilization decisions of third-party service providers and the global economy. We have no assurance that future changes to betting odds from data providers for sporting events, table rake from poker providers and tax rates on game offerings, cost containment measures implemented by private third-party service providers, or other factors affecting payments for gaming services or our ability to collect such payments will not adversely affect our, financial condition and operating results.

 

If we have a security incident or breach involving unauthorized access to customer data, our Platform may be perceived as lacking sufficient security, customers may reduce their use of, or stop using our Platform and we may incur significant liabilities

 

Our Platform involves the storage and transmission of our customer’s confidential and proprietary information, which may include the personal data and information on their customers, players, suppliers and agents. As a result, unauthorized access or use of customer data could expose us to regulatory actions, litigation, investigations, remediation costs, damage to our reputation and brand, disclosure obligations, loss of customer and partner confidence in the security of our solutions and resulting fees, costs, expenses, loss of revenues, and other potential liabilities. While we have security measures in place designed to protect the integrity of customer information and prevent data loss, misappropriation, and other security breaches, if these measures are inadequate or are compromised as a result of third-party action, including intentional misconduct by computer hackers, theft, employee error, malfeasance or otherwise, our reputation could be damaged, our business may suffer, and we could incur significant liabilities. Cybersecurity challenges, including threats to our IT infrastructure or those of our customers or third-party providers, are often targeted at companies such as ours, and may take a variety of forms ranging from malware, phishing, ransomware, man-in-the-middle attacks, session hijacking, denial-of-service, password attacks, viruses, worms and other malicious software programs or cybersecurity attacks to “mega breaches” targeted against hosted software and cloud based IT services. A cybersecurity incident or breach could result in disclosure of confidential information and intellectual property, or cause production downtimes and compromised data. Because cybersecurity attacks and techniques change frequently, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or implement adequate preventative measures. Any or all of these issues could negatively affect our ability to attract new customers, cause existing customers to elect to terminate their business with us or switch their business to a competitor, result in reputational damage, cause us to pay remediation costs or issue service credits or refunds to customers for improper bets or false claims of improper bets, or result in lawsuits, regulatory fines or other action or liabilities, which could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

 

Many states in the United States as well as foreign governments have enacted laws requiring companies to provide notice of data security breaches involving certain types of personal data, and significant fines on companies involved in such incidents may be imposed. In addition, some of our regulators and certifying agents contractually require notification of data security breaches. Security compromises experienced by us or by our competitors may lead to public disclosures, which may lead to widespread negative publicity. Any security compromise in our industry, whether actual or perceived, could harm our reputation, erode customer confidence in the effectiveness of our security measures, negatively impact our ability to attract new clients, cause existing clients to switch to a competing betting software provider, or subject us to third-party lawsuits, regulatory fines or other action or liability, which could materially and adversely affect our business and operating results.

 

Privacy concerns and domestic or foreign privacy laws or regulations may result in significant costs and compliance challenges, reduce demand for our solutions, and adversely affect our business.

 

 

24

 

 
 

 

Our clients can use our Platform to collect, use and store certain personal data regarding their agents, employees, players/customers and suppliers. National and local governments, agencies, and authorities in the countries in which we and our clients operate have adopted or may adopt laws and regulations regarding the collection, use, storage, processing and disclosure of personal data obtained from consumers and individuals, which could impact our ability to offer our solutions in certain jurisdictions or our customers’ ability to deploy our solutions globally. Privacy-related laws are particularly stringent in Europe. If we or our third-party sub-processors fail to adequately comply with privacy-related laws, regulations and standards, it may limit the use and adoption of our solutions, reduce overall demand for our solutions, lead to significant fines, penalties or liabilities for noncompliance, or slow the pace at which we close sales transactions, any of which could harm our business. Moreover, if we or our third-party sub-processors fail to adhere to adequate data protection practices around the usage of our clients’ personal data, it may damage our reputation and brand.

 

In 2016 the EU adopted a new regulation governing data privacy called the General Data Protection Regulation, or the GDPR, which became effective on May 25, 2018. The GDPR establishes requirements applicable to the handling of personal data and imposes penalties for non-compliance of up to four percent of worldwide annual handle or 20 million euro, whichever is higher. Customers, particularly in the EU, are seeking assurances from their suppliers, including us, that their processing of personal data of EU nationals is in accordance with the GDPR, and if we are unable to provide adequate assurances to such customers, demand for our solutions and our business could be adversely affected. In addition, we must continue to seek assurances from our third-party subprocessors that they are handling personal data in accordance with GDPR requirements in order to meet our own obligations under the GDPR. Compliance with privacy laws and regulations, particularly the GDPR, that are applicable to our business and the businesses of our clients is costly and time-consuming. Such laws and regulations may adversely affect our clients’ ability and willingness to process, handle, store, use and transmit personal data of their employees, players/customers and suppliers, which in turn could limit the use, effectiveness and adoption of our solutions and reduce overall demand. Even the perception of privacy concerns, whether or not valid, may inhibit the adoption, effectiveness or use of our betting Platform. Future laws, regulations, standards and other obligations, and changes in the interpretation of existing laws, including challenges to onward transfer mechanisms such as Privacy Shield and model contractual clauses, regulations, standards and other obligations could result in increased regulation, increased costs of compliance and penalties for non-compliance, as well as limitations on data collection, use, disclosure and transfer for us and our clients.

 

In addition, the other bases on which we and our clients rely for the transfer of data, such as certain contractual clauses, continue to be subjected to regulatory and judicial scrutiny. If we or our clients are unable to transfer data between and among countries and regions in which we operate, it could decrease demand for our betting software solutions, require us to restrict our business operations, and impair our ability to maintain and grow our client base, expand geographically and increase our revenues.

 

If we are unable to maintain successful relationships with retail agents, partners, our business, operating results, and financial condition could be adversely affected.

 

We have historically relied on retail agents, affiliates and partners, such as referral partners, resellers, and integration partners (collectively “partners”), to attract new clients and sell additional services to our existing clients and players. Our agreements with our partners are generally non-exclusive and some of our partners have entered, and may continue to enter, into strategic relationships with our competitors. Further, many of our partners have multiple strategic relationships, and they may not regard us as to be of significant importance for their businesses. Our partners may terminate their respective relationships with us with limited or no notice and with limited or no penalty, pursue other partnerships or relationships, or attempt to develop or acquire products or services that compete with our Platform. We may also terminate our relationships with partners who choose to work with our competitors or for other reasons. Moreover, we may have difficulty attracting effective partners to sell our Platform to other clients and players, particularly given our smaller size relative to larger franchise and well-established betting operators. If we are not able to maintain and grow our partner relationships, our business could be adversely affected.

 

Our partners also may impair our ability to enter into other desirable strategic relationships. If our partners do not effectively market and sell our betting products and Platform solution, if they choose to place greater emphasis on products of their own or those offered by our competitors, or if they fail to meet the needs of our clients and players, our ability to sell our Platform and our business may be adversely affected. Similarly, the loss of a substantial number of our partners, and our possible inability to replace them, the failure to recruit additional partners, any reduction or delay in their sales of our betting Platform, or any conflicts between partner sales and our direct sales and marketing activities could materially and adversely affect our business and results of operations.

 

If we fail or are unable to protect our intellectual property effectively, we may be unable to prevent third parties from using our technologies, which would impair our competitive advantage, proprietary technology and our brand.

 

25

 

 
 

 

Our success is dependent, in part, upon protecting our proprietary technology which supports our betting Platform and other operations. We rely on a combination of proprietary programming and source codes, copyright, trademarks, service marks, trade secret laws and contractual provisions in an effort to establish and protect our proprietary rights. However, the steps we take to protect our intellectual property may be inadequate. We will not be able to protect our intellectual property if we are unable to enforce our rights or if we do not detect unauthorized use of our intellectual property. Any of our trademarks or other intellectual property rights may be challenged by others or invalidated through administrative process or litigation. We do not have any patent applications pending anywhere we operate and may not be able to obtain patent protection for the technology covered in any future patent applications should we enter such applications. In addition, any patents, if any, that are issued to us in the future may not provide us with competitive advantages or may be successfully challenged by third parties. Legal standards relating to the validity, enforceability and scope of protection of intellectual property rights are uncertain. Despite our precautions, it may be possible for unauthorized third parties to copy our solutions and use information that we regard as proprietary to create products and services that compete with ours. Some license provisions protecting against unauthorized use, copying, transfer and disclosure of our technology may be unenforceable under the laws of jurisdictions outside the United States. In addition, the laws of some countries do not protect proprietary rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States. To the extent we expand our international activities, our exposure to unauthorized copying and use of our solutions and proprietary information may increase.

 

Although we enter into confidentiality agreements with the parties with whom we have strategic relationships and business alliances, we do not currently enter into confidentiality and invention assignment agreements with all of our employees and consultants and as a result, our business may be harmed. No assurance can be given that the agreements we enter into will be effective in controlling access to and distribution of our solutions and proprietary information. Further, these agreements do not prevent our competitors or partners from independently developing technologies that are substantially equivalent or superior to our solutions.

 

In order to protect our intellectual property rights, we may be required to spend significant resources to monitor and protect these rights. Litigation may be necessary in the future to enforce our intellectual property rights and to protect our trade secrets. Litigation brought to protect and enforce our intellectual property rights could be costly, time consuming and distracting to management and could result in the impairment or loss of portions of our intellectual property. Furthermore, our efforts to enforce our intellectual property rights may be met with defenses, counterclaims and countersuits attacking the validity and enforceability of our intellectual property rights. Our inability to protect our proprietary technology against unauthorized copying or use, as well as any costly litigation or diversion of our management’s attention and resources, could delay further sales or the implementation of our solutions, impair the functionality of our solutions, delay introductions of new solutions, result in our substituting inferior or more costly technologies into our solutions, or harm our business and reputation. In addition, we may be required to license additional technology from third parties to develop and market new solutions, and we cannot assure you that we would be able to license that technology on commercially reasonable terms or at all from them. Any inability to license third party technology in the future would have a material adverse effect on our business or operating results and would adversely affect our ability to compete.

 

We have experienced rapid growth and organizational change in recent periods and if we fail to manage our growth effectively, we may be unable to execute our business plan.

 

We increased our number of full-time and part-time employees from 15 as of August 15, 2014 to 52 as of June 15, 2020 as we have expanded our operations, completed additional business acquisitions and experienced growth in number of customers and operators. Our growth has placed, and may continue to place, a significant strain on our managerial, administrative, operational, financial and other resources. We intend to further expand our headcount and operations both domestically and internationally, with no assurance that our business or revenue will continue to grow. Continuing to create a global organization and managing a geographically dispersed workforce will require substantial management effort, the allocation of valuable management resources and significant additional investment in our infrastructure. We will be required to continually improve our operational, financial and management controls and our reporting procedures and we may not be able to do so effectively, which could negatively affect our results of operations and overall business. In addition, we may be unable to manage our expenses effectively in the future, which may negatively impact our gross margins or operating expenses in any particular quarter. Moreover, if we fail to manage our anticipated growth and change in a manner that preserves the key aspects of our corporate culture, the quality of our software solutions may suffer, which could negatively affect our brand and reputation and harm our ability to retain and attract customers.

 

26

 

 
 

 

We may not be able to successfully scale our technology and manage the growth of our business if we are unable to improve our internal systems, processes and controls.

 

We need to continue to improve our internal systems, processes and controls to effectively manage our operations and growth. We may not be able to successfully implement and scale improvements to our systems and processes in a timely or efficient manner or in a manner that does not negatively affect our operating results. In addition, our systems and processes may not prevent or detect all errors, omissions or fraud. We have licensed technology from third parties to help us improve our internal systems, processes and controls. The support services available for such third-party technology may be negatively affected by mergers and consolidation in the software industry, and support services for such technology may not be available to us in the future. We may experience difficulties in managing improvements to our systems, processes and controls or in connection with third-party software, which could impair our ability to provide our solutions or professional services to our customers in a timely manner, causing us to lose customers, limit us to smaller deployments of our solutions or increase our technical support costs.

 

Our estimates of market opportunity and forecasts of market growth included in this annual report may prove to be inaccurate, and even if the market in which we compete achieves the forecasted growth, our business could fail to grow at similar rates, if at all.

 

Market opportunity estimates and growth forecasts, are subject to significant uncertainty and are based on assumptions and estimates that may not prove to be accurate. Not all geographic or regional metrics covered by our market opportunity estimates will necessarily implement regulated or online gaming at all, and in some cases many potential customers and operators may choose to continue using their existing betting platform provider, or choose a solution offered by our competitors. It is impossible to build every product feature that every customer wants, and our competitors may develop and offer features that our solutions do not offer. The variables that go into the calculation of our market opportunity are subject to change over time, and there is no guarantee that any particular number or percentage of customers covered by our market opportunity estimates will purchase our solutions at all or generate any particular level of revenues for us. Even if the market in which we compete meets the size estimates and growth forecasted in this annual report, our business could fail to grow for a variety of reasons outside of our control, including competition in our industry. Furthermore, we have historically focused our selling and marketing efforts in regulated markets in Europe, specifically Italy. In order for us to successfully address the broader market opportunity, we will need to successfully market and sell our betting Platform to larger enterprise customers and also further expand our international presence. If any of these risks materialize, it could adversely affect our results of operations.

 

Our research and development efforts are costly and subject to international risks and may not contribute significantly to revenues for several years, if at all.

 

In order to remain competitive, we must continue to invest in research and development. During the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, we spent approximately $410,000 and $415,000 for research and development. We have made and expect to continue to make significant investments in development and related opportunities, such as our acquisition of VG, and these investments could adversely affect our operating results if not offset by increases in revenues. However, we may not receive significant revenue from these investments for several years, if at all.

 

Further, our competitors may expend a greater amount of funds on their research and development programs. Our failure to maintain adequate research and development resources or to compete effectively with the research and development programs of our competitors could materially and adversely affect our business and results of operations.

 

If we fail to manage our technical operations infrastructure, our customers may experience service outages and delays, which may adversely affect our business.

 

We derive significant revenue from the use of our websites and Platform. In the past, we have experienced significant growth in the number of users, transactions and data that our operations infrastructure supports. We seek to maintain sufficient excess capacity in our operations infrastructure to meet the needs of all of our customers. We also seek to maintain excess capacity to facilitate the rapid provision of new customer deployments and the expansion of existing customer deployments. In addition, we need to properly manage our technological operations infrastructure in order to support version control, changes in hardware and software parameters and the evolution of our Platform. As we transition to larger infrastructure and pursue geographic expansion, we may experience interruptions, delays and outages in service and availability, and we expect our gross gaming margin to decline modestly in the near term reflecting the costs of this transition.

 

27

 

 
 

 

We have experienced, and may in the future experience, website disruptions, outages and other performance problems. These problems may be caused by a variety of factors, including infrastructure changes, vendor issues, human or software errors, viruses, security attacks, fraud, general Internet availability issues, spikes in customer usage and denial of service issues. In some instances, we may not be able to identify the cause or causes of these performance problems within an acceptable period of time. If we do not accurately predict our infrastructure requirements, our existing customers may experience service outages that may subject us to financial penalties, financial liabilities and customer losses. If our operations infrastructure fails to keep pace with increased sales, customers may experience delays as we seek to obtain additional capacity, which could adversely affect our reputation, business and results of operations.

 

We may not have exclusive control over the distribution of cash from any operators that we may acquire in the future and may be unable to cause all or a portion of the cash of such operators to be distributed to us.

 

We anticipate having a complete or a majority ownership in the operators we may acquire in the future. We expect any future agreements we execute with such operators will provide for the distribution of available cash to us. However, it is possible that these agreements may impose limits on the ability of our acquired operators to make distributions of cash to us. If we are unable to cause sufficient cash to be distributed from one or more of the operators we may acquire in the future, our ability to pay our obligations as they become due may be harmed.

 

If we acquire an operator that has made submission and reporting errors prior to our acquisition, we may be liable for such errors that which may have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Historical submissions and reporting errors in gaming accounts made by an operator we may acquire in the future, may require us to provide refunds to customers and may also subject us to civil penalties, which involve monetary damages. If operators we may acquire in the future overpaid their obligation, it is unlikely that we would be able to collect funds that were owed to the operator prior to our acquisition. There can be no assurance that a compliance audit will disclose any future liabilities for underpayments or overpayments that any of our operators may have incurred.

 

If any executive officers or key personnel of operators we may acquire are unable to assist with the transition of operations and customers, our business may be adversely affected.

 

In connection with any potential acquisition of operators, we believe that it is necessary and desirable to retain the services of executive officers and key personnel of such operators to assist with the transition and integration of operations and customers into our existing operations; however, no assurances can be given that such executive officers and key personnel will be willing and able to assist us with such transition and integration. In the event that such executive officers and key personnel are unable to assist us after the consummation of the future acquisition of an operator, we may need to hire additional personnel to assist with the transaction, which new personnel may not be readily available to us or on acceptable terms.

 

Any violation of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act or any other similar anti-corruption laws could have a negative impact on us.

 

Our revenue is derived from operations outside the United States, which exposes us to complex foreign and U.S. regulations inherent in doing cross-border business and in each of the countries in which we transact business. We are subject to compliance with the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) and other similar anti-corruption laws, which generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to foreign government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. While our employees and agents are required to comply with these laws, we cannot be sure that our internal policies and procedures will always protect us from violations of these laws, despite our commitment to legal compliance and corporate ethics. Violations of these laws may result in severe criminal and civil sanctions as well as other penalties, and the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and U.S. Department of Justice have increased their enforcement activities with respect to the FCPA. Violations or allegations of non-compliance with any such laws or regulations may adversely affect our business, performance, prospects, value, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

War, terrorism, other acts of violence or natural or manmade disasters may affect the markets in which the Company operates, the Company’s customers, the Company’s delivery of software and customer service, and could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, or financial condition.

 

28

 

 
 

 

The Company’s business may be adversely affected by instability, disruption or destruction in a geographic region in which it operates, regardless of cause, including war, terrorism, riot, civil insurrection or social unrest, and natural or manmade disasters, including famine, flood, fire, earthquake, storm or pandemic events and spread of disease. Such events may cause customers to suspend their decisions on using the Company’s products and services, make it impossible for our customers to visit our physical locations, cause restrictions, postponements and cancellations of sports events that attract large crowds and public gatherings, and give rise to sudden significant changes in regional and global economic conditions and cycles. These events also pose significant risks to the Company’s personnel and to physical facilities and operations, which could materially adversely affect the Company’s financial results.

 

Risks Related to Our Industry

 

Economic conditions, particularly in Italy and Europe, that have an adverse effect on the gaming industry may have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

 

Our business operations are currently concentrated in a single industry and geographic area (Italy) that is affected by international, national and local economic conditions. A downturn in the overall economy or economy in a specific region such as Italy or a reduction in demand for gaming in such area, may have an adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations. We cannot predict the effect or duration of an economic slowdown in Italy or in the gaming industry, or the impact such slowdown may have on the demand for our leisure gaming products and services. If economic conditions deteriorate our consumers will have less disposable income to spend on wagers and our business may be adversely affected.

 

Intense competition in the leisure gaming industry may adversely affect our revenue and profitability.

 

We operate in a highly competitive environment and we compete for operators, customers and advertisers with numerous well-established leisure gaming operators, as well as numerous smaller and newer gaming website operators. Many of our principal competitors have substantially longer operating histories, greater financial, technical, marketing or other resources, stronger brand and customer recognition, larger intellectual property portfolios and broader global distribution and presence than we have. Our competitors may be able to offer products or functionality similar to ours at a more attractive price than we can by integrating or bundling such products with their other product offerings or may develop new technologies or services that are more attractive to other operators or our customers. Acquisitions and consolidation in our industry may provide our competitors with even more resources or may increase the likelihood of our competitors offering bundled or integrated products with which we cannot effectively compete. New innovative start-ups and existing large companies that are making significant investments in research and development could also launch new products and services that are competitive with ours and that could gain market acceptance quickly. In addition, we face potential competition from participants in adjacent markets that may enter our markets by leveraging related technologies and partnering with or acquiring other companies or providing alternative approaches to provide similar results.

 

With the introduction of new technologies, the evolution of our Platform and new market entrants, we expect competition to intensify in the future. Increased competition generally could result in reduced sales, reduced margins, losses or the failure of our Platform to achieve or maintain more widespread market acceptance, any of which could harm our business.

 

We expect that competition from internet gaming will continue to grow and intensify in the United States.

 

We intend to expand the use of our Platform in the United States; however, that will be dependent upon changes in legislation and we expect that we will face increased competition from other leisure betting operators as the potential for legalized internet gaming continues to grow. Several states in the United States are currently considering legislation that would legalize internet gaming at the state level. As a result of the Justice Department’s (“DOJ”) December 2011 opinion concerning the applicability of the Wire Act to internet gaming, certain states including Nevada, Delaware and New Jersey have enacted legislation to authorize various forms of intrastate internet gaming. In addition, the recently revised DOJ opinion on the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 (“UIGEA”) and competition from internet lotteries and other internet wagering gaming services, which allow their customers to wager on a wide variety of sporting events and play Las Vegas-style casino games from home, could divert customers from our products and thus adversely affect our business. Such internet wagering services are likely to expand in future years and become more accessible to domestic customers as a result of initiatives in some states to consider legislation to legalize intrastate internet wagering. There have also been proposals that would specifically legalize internet gaming under federal law. If we are unable to execute our U.S. strategy, anticipate, react to or penetrate the U.S. market in a timely manner, our competitive position could weaken, which could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

 

 

29

 

 
 

 

If we fail to comply with applicable laws and regulations, we could suffer penalties or be required to make significant changes to our operations. In addition, changes in laws and regulations with respect to the gaming industry, and the application or interpretation of existing laws and regulations applicable to our operations may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our business is highly regulated, and we are subject to many laws and regulations at the federal, provincial and local government levels in the jurisdictions in which we operate. These laws and regulations require that our operators and our operations meet various licensing, certification and other requirements, including those relating to:

 

  ownership of our operators;
  our and our operators’ relationships with sponsors and other referral sources;
  approvals and other regulations affecting the acquisition of operators, capital expenditures or the addition of services;
  qualifications of management and support personnel;
  maintenance and protection of records;
  billing for services by gaming product providers, including appropriate treatment of overpayments and credit balances;
  privacy and security of individually identifiable personal information;
  online gaming and gaming in general;
  commercial advertising;
  subscription rates; and
  foreign investments.

 

Furthermore, the rules and regulations governing the gaming industry are evolving and subject to interpretation in the territories in which we operate and the territories in which we may operate in the future. Promulgation of new laws, changes in current laws, and changes in interpretations by courts and other government agencies of existing laws, may require us to modify or cease our operations. Compliance with changes in such laws and regulations may increase our operating expenses. In addition, our failure to comply with current or future laws and regulations may expose us to significant liabilities. Our inability or failure to comply with laws and regulations that govern the gaming industry in the territories in which we operate may result in the loss of our licenses which would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial conditions and results of operations.

 

Regulators at the federal and provincial level in Italy are monitoring and restricting the issuance and renewal of gaming licenses which could have an adverse effect on our growth.

 

Federal regulators in Italy are enforcing new restrictions to reduce the number of independent operators in the gaming industry, and a moratorium on new licenses for gaming operators in Italy has been implemented. The success of our business depends upon our ability to acquire operators in new regional locations throughout Italy. The restrictions on the licensing of new operators may make it more difficult for us to locate operators that we may be able to acquire. Our inability to acquire operators and expand our operations into new regional locations throughout Italy may have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition.

 

Our records and submissions to regulatory agencies may contain inaccurate or unsupportable submissions which may result in an under or overstatement of our revenues and subject us to various penalties and may adversely affect our operations.

 

A major component of the regulatory environment is the interpretation of winnings and tax calculation procedures established by the ADM. Inaccurate or unsupportable submissions, inaccurate records for gaming coin-in or handle (turnover), client data and erroneous winning claims could result in inaccurate revenues being reported. Such errors are subject to correction or retroactive adjustment in later periods and may be reflected in financial statements for periods subsequent to the period in which the revenue was recorded. We may also be required to refund a portion of the revenue that we have received which, depending on its magnitude, may damage our reputation and relationship with regulatory agencies and may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or cash flows.

 

The ADM in Italy conducts weekly account audits and sweeps for taxes in addition to random onsite inspections for online connection to the ADM network as well as searches for nefarious programming or routers which can alter the reporting requirements of the ADM. It is possible that our acquired operators will receive letters from ADM auditors requesting payment of fines for alleged violations and errors and as such will incur expenses associated with responding to, and appealing such requests, as well as the costs of paying any shortfalls in addition to the possible fines and penalties. Demands for payments can also occur even if an operator is acquired by means of an asset transfer. Our inability to dispute demands or pay requests for underpayments may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

 

30

 

 
 

We may become the subject of Italian federal and provincial investigations in the future and our business may be adversely affected.

 

Both Italian federal and provincial government agencies have heightened and coordinated civil and criminal enforcement efforts as part of numerous ongoing investigations of gaming companies, as well as their executives and managers. These investigations relate to, among other things diversion practices if an agent or store owner were to disconnect (i.e., remove ethernet plug from internet) the betting terminal or PC from the ADM network.

 

In addition, we may employ executives and managers, some of which may have worked at other gaming companies that are or may become the subject of ADM investigations and private litigation. Such executives and managers may be included in governmental investigations or named as defendants in private litigation. A governmental investigation of us, our executives or our managers could divert our management’s attention, result in significant expenses, as well as negative publicity and adversely affect our business.

 

Our current operations are international in scope and we are planning further geographic expansion, creating a variety of potential operational challenges.

 

We currently have an office location in Canada, a sub-office in the United States and business operations and offices in Europe and intend to open additional offices in the United States and possibility other countries. If we expand in the future, our offices, personnel and operations may be further dispersed around the world. In connection with such expansion, we may face a number of challenges, including costs associated with developing software and providing support in additional languages, varying seasonality patterns, potential adverse movement of currency exchange rates, longer payment cycles and difficulties in collecting accounts receivable in some countries, tariffs and trade barriers, a variety of regulatory or contractual limitations on our ability to operate, adverse tax events, reduced protection of intellectual property rights in some countries and a geographically and culturally diverse workforce and customer base. Failure to overcome any of these challenges could negatively affect our business and results of operations.

 

We face exposure to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations that could harm our results of operations.

 

We conduct transactions, including intercompany transactions, in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. As we grow our international operations, we expect the amount of our revenues denominated in foreign currencies to increase. Accordingly, changes in the value of foreign currencies relative to the U.S. dollar could affect our reported revenues and operating results due to transactional and translational re-measurements that are reflected in our results of operations. As a result of such foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, it could be more difficult to detect underlying trends in our business and results of operations. In addition, to the extent that fluctuations in currency exchange rates cause our results of operations to differ from our expectations or the expectations of our investors, the trading price of our common stock could be adversely affected.

 

We do not currently maintain a program to hedge transactional exposures in foreign currencies. However, in the future, we may use derivative instruments, such as foreign currency forward and option contracts, to hedge exposures to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. The use of such hedging activities may not offset any or more than a portion of the adverse financial effects of unfavorable movements in foreign exchange rates over the limited time the hedges are in place. Moreover, the use of hedging instruments may introduce additional risks if we are unable to structure effective hedges with such instruments.

 

Risks Related to Ownership of Our Securities

 

The price of our securities may fluctuate significantly.

 

An investment in our securities is risky and should be made only if an investor can withstand a significant loss and wide fluctuations in the market value of their investment. Some factors that may cause the market price of our securities to fluctuate, in addition to the other risks mentioned in this “Risk Factors” section and elsewhere in this annual report are:

 

31

 

 
 

 

  sale of our common stock by our stockholders, executives, and directors;
  volatility and limitations in trading volumes of our securities;
  our ability to obtain financings to implement our business plans, including the acquisitions of operators;
  the timing and success of introductions of new products by us or our competitors or any other change in the competitive dynamics of our industry, including consolidation among competitors;
  our ability to attract new customers;
  The impact of COVID-19;
  changes in our capital structure or dividend policy, future issuances of securities and sales of large blocks of securities by our stockholders;
  our cash position;
  announcements and events surrounding financing efforts, including debt and equity securities;
  our inability to enter into new markets or develop new products;
  reputational issues;
  our inability to successfully manage our business or achieve profitability;
  announcements of acquisitions, partnerships, collaborations, joint ventures, new products, capital commitments, or other events by us or our competitors;
  changes in general economic, political and market conditions in any of the regions in which we conduct our business;
  changes in industry conditions or perceptions;
  analyst research reports, recommendation and changes in recommendations, price targets, and withdrawals of coverage;
  departures and additions of key personnel;
  disputes and litigation related to intellectual properties, proprietary rights, and contractual obligations;
  changes in applicable laws, rules, regulations, or accounting practices and other dynamics;
  market conditions or trends in the gaming industry; and
  other events or factors, many of which may be out of our control.

 

In addition, if the market for stocks in our industry, or the stock market in general, experiences a loss of investor confidence, the trading price of our securities could decline for reasons unrelated to our business, financial condition and results of operations. Any of these factors may make it more difficult or impossible for investors to sell our securities or obtain a return on their investment. In the past, shareholders have instituted securities class action litigation against some companies following periods of market volatility. If we become involved in such securities litigation, we could, among other things, incur substantial costs and the attention of our management could be diverted from our business.

 

Future sales of shares of our common stock or the perception in the public markets that these sales may occur, may depress our stock price.

 

The market price of our common stock could decline significantly as a result of sales of a large number of shares of our common stock in the market. In addition, if our significant stockholders sell a large number of shares, or if we issue a large number of shares, the market price of our common stock could decline. Any issuance of additional common stock, or common stock equivalents by us would result in dilution to our existing shareholders. Such issuances could be made at a price that reflects a discount to the then-current trading price of our common stock. Moreover, the perception in the public market that stockholders may sell shares of our stock or that we may issue additional shares of common stock could depress the market for our shares. and make it more difficult for us to sell equity securities at any time in the future if at all.

 

32

 

 
 

 

We may issue additional shares of common stock and preferred stock without stockholder approval, which would dilute the current holders of our common stock. In addition, the exercise or conversion of currently outstanding securities would further dilute holders of our common stock.

 

Our Board of Directors has authority, without action or vote of our shareholders, to issue shares of common and preferred stock. We may issue shares of our common stock or preferred stock to complete a business combination or to raise capital. Such stock issuances could be made at a price that reflects a discount from the then-current trading price of our common stock. These issuances would dilute our stockholders’ ownership interest, which among other things would have the effect of reducing their influence on matters on which our stockholders vote. In addition, our stockholders and prospective investors may incur additional dilution if holders of stock options and warrants, whether currently outstanding or subsequently granted, exercise their options or warrants to purchase shares of our common stock or if our convertible debt holders convert their debt.

  

The rights of the holders of our common stock may be impaired by the potential issuance of preferred stock.

 

Our certificate of incorporation gives our Board of Directors the right to create one or more new series of preferred stock. As a result, the Board of Directors may, without stockholder approval, issue preferred stock with voting, dividend, conversion, liquidation or other rights that could adversely affect the voting power and equity interests of the holders of our common stock. Preferred stock, which could be issued with the right to more than one vote per share, would dilute the rights of our common stockholders and could be used to discourage, delay or prevent a change of control of our company, which could materially adversely affect the price of our common stock.

 

If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or reports, or publish unfavorable research or reports about our business, our stock price and trading volume may decline.

 

The trading market for our common stock will rely in part on the research and reports that industry or financial analysts publish about us, our business, our markets and our competitors. We currently do not have any analyst coverage. If securities analysts do not cover our common stock, the lack of research coverage may adversely affect the market price of our common stock. Furthermore, if we should have analyst coverage and one or more of the analysts who do cover us downgrade our stock or if those analysts issue other unfavorable commentary about us or our business, our stock price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts cease coverage of us or fails to regularly publish reports on us, we could lose visibility in the market and interest in our stock could decrease, which in turn could cause our stock price or trading volume to decline and may also impair our ability to expand our business with existing customers and attract new customers.

 

Our failure to meet the continued listing requirements of The Nasdaq Capital Market could result in a de-listing of our common stock.

Our shares of common stock are currently listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market. If we fail to satisfy the continued listing requirements of The Nasdaq Capital Market, such as the corporate governance requirements, minimum bid price requirement or the minimum stockholder’s equity requirement, The Nasdaq Capital Market may take steps to de-list our common stock. Any such steps for de-listing would likely have a negative effect on the price of our common stock and would impair stockholders’ ability to sell or purchase their common stock when they wish to do so. There can be no assurance can be given that we will be able to satisfy our continued listing requirements and maintain the listing of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market.

 

Because certain of our stockholders control a significant number of shares of our common stock, they may have effective control over actions requiring stockholder approval.

 

Gilda Pia Ciavarella, the spouse of our Chief Executive Officer is the beneficial owner of 4,303,240 shares of our common stock and therefore our Chief Executive Officer is deemed to beneficially own approximately 34.9% of our outstanding shares of common stock on a fully diluted basis as of the date of the filing of this annual report. As a result, Ms. Ciavarella, has the ability to effectively control the outcome of matters submitted to our stockholders for approval, including the election of directors and any merger, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of our assets and the ability to control the management and affairs of our company. In addition, other members of our senior management team beneficially own 19.4% of our outstanding shares of common stock on a fully diluted basis as of the date of the filing of this annual report. Accordingly, this concentration of ownership might harm the market price of our common stock by:

 

33

 

 
 

 

  delaying, deferring or preventing a change in corporate control;
  impeding a merger, consolidation, takeover or other business combination involving us; or
  discouraging a potential acquirer from making a tender offer or otherwise attempting to obtain control of us.

 

Delaware law and our corporate charter and bylaws contain anti-takeover provisions that could delay or discourage takeover attempts that stockholders may consider favorable.

 

Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control of our company. For example, our Board has the authority to issue up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock in one or more series and to fix the powers, preferences and rights of each series without stockholder approval. The ability to issue preferred stock could discourage unsolicited acquisition proposals or make it more difficult for a third party to gain control of our company, or otherwise could materially adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

 

Furthermore, because we are incorporated in Delaware, we are governed by the provisions of Section 203 of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware. This provision may prohibit or restrict large stockholders, in particular those owning 15% or more of our outstanding voting stock, from merging or combining with us, which could discourage potential takeover attempts, reduce the price that investors may be willing to pay for shares of our common stock in the future and result in our market price being lower than it would be without these provisions.

 

Our certificate of incorporation has an exclusive forum for adjudication of disputes provision which limits the forum to the Delaware Court of Chancery for certain actions against the Company.

 

Our certificate of incorporation provides that the Delaware Court of Chancery, to the fullest extent permitted by law, is the sole and exclusive forum for certain actions including claims in the right of our company brought by a stockholder that are based upon a violation of a duty by a current or former director or officer or stockholder in such capacity or as to which the Delaware corporate law confers jurisdiction upon the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware.

 

A Delaware corporation is allowed to mandate in its corporate governance documents a chosen forum for the resolution of state law-based shareholder class actions, derivative suits and other intra-corporate disputes. Our management believes limiting state law-based claims to Delaware mitigate against the potential risk of another forum misapplying Delaware law is avoided. In addition, Delaware courts have a well-developed body of case law and we believe limiting the forum for the adjudication of any disputes will prevent costly and duplicative litigation and avoid the risk of inconsistent outcomes. Our Bylaws limit any shareholder’s ability to bring a claim in a forum it believes is favorable to shareholders in disputes with directors, officers or other employees.

 

The exclusive forum provision would not apply to suits brought to enforce any liability or duty created by the Securities Act or the Exchange Act or other federal securities laws for which there is exclusive federal or concurrent federal and state jurisdiction. To the extent that any such claims may be based upon federal law claims, Section 27 of the Exchange Act creates exclusive federal jurisdiction over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. Furthermore, Section 22 of the Securities Act creates concurrent jurisdiction for federal and state courts over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. Although our certificate contains the choice of forum provision described above, it is possible that a court could rule that such a provision is inapplicable for a particular claim or action or that such provision is unenforceable. Investors cannot waive compliance with the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder.

 

This provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with the Company or our directors, officers, employees or stockholders, which may discourage such lawsuits against the Company and our directors, officers, employees or stockholders. Alternatively, if a court were to find this provision in our certificate of incorporation to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could adversely affect our business and financial condition.

 

We do not intend to pay cash dividends on our shares of common stock so any returns will be limited to the value of our shares.

 

We currently anticipate that we will retain any future earnings for the development, operation and expansion of our business and do not anticipate declaring or paying any cash dividends for the foreseeable future.

 

 

34

 

 
 

 

We effected a reverse stock split on December 12, 2019, which may decrease the liquidity of the shares of our common stock.

 

The liquidity of the shares of our common stock may be affected adversely by our recently effected reverse stock split given the reduced number of shares that is now outstanding following the reverse stock split. In addition, the reverse stock split decreased the number of shareholders who own odd lots (less than 100 shares) of our common stock, creating the potential for such shareholders to experience an increase in the cost of selling their shares and greater difficulty effecting such sales.

 

Following the reverse stock split, the resulting market price of our common stock may not attract new investors, including institutional investors, and may not satisfy the investing requirements of those investors. Consequently, the trading liquidity of our common stock may not improve.

 

Although we believe that a higher market price of our common stock may help generate greater or broader investor interest, there can be no assurance that the reverse stock split will result in a share price that will attract new investors, including institutional investors.

 

An active trading market for our common stock may not be maintained, or we may fail to satisfy applicable Nasdaq Capital Market (“Nasdaq”) listing requirements.

Our common stock is currently traded on Nasdaq, but we can provide no assurance that we will be able to maintain an active trading market for our shares on Nasdaq or any other exchange in the future. The fact that a significant portion of our outstanding shares of common stock is closely held by a few individuals, results in it being more difficult for us to maintain an active trading market. If there is no active market for our common stock, it may be difficult for our stockholders to sell shares without depressing the market price for the shares or at all, our stock price could decline, and we may be unable to maintain compliance with applicable Nasdaq listing requirements.

 

 

 

Item 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

 

Item 2. PROPERTIES

 

The Company has two mailing addresses: 130 Adelaide St. West, Suite 701, Toronto, Ontario, M5H 2K4, Canada (its main office), and 671 Westburne Dr., Concord, Ontario, L4K 4Z1, Canada and also handles corporate matters at Suite 280, 1900 Glades Rd, Boca Raton, Florida 33431, USA. These offices are provided to the Company on a rent-free basis.

 

Our subsidiaries Multigioco and Rifa rent office space on a year by year basis located at Via J.F. Kennedy, 6 Grottaferrata, Roma, for approximately $2,200 per month. The office is used primarily for administrative functions. There are no gaming operations carried out at this office.

 

Our subsidiaries Ulisse and Odissea rent office space on a year-by-year basis at Salurnerstrasse 12 – 6020, Innsbruck, Austria and pay approximately $1,300 and approximately $1,480 per month, respectively. The offices are used primarily for administrative functions. There are no gaming operations carried out at this office.

 

Our subsidiary Virtual Generation shares an office space for 1 employee with Ulisse’ customer service provider at Level 2, Farrugia Building, 9, St., Michael Street, San Gwann, Malta. Ulisse pays the rent for this space on behalf of Virtual Generation.

 

 

Item 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

From time to time, we may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings, which arise in the ordinary course of business. Litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and an adverse result in these or other matters may arise from time to time that may harm our business. We are not presently a party to and currently are not aware of any legal proceedings or claims that will have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or operating results.

 

 

Item. 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

35

 

 
 

 

PART II

 

Item 5. Market For Registrant’s Common Equity And Related Stockholder Matters And Issuer Purchases Of Equity Securities

 

Market Information and Stockholder Matters

 

Our common stock is currently traded on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “NWGI”.

 

A small number of our stockholders own a substantial number of shares of our common stock, and if such stockholders were to sell those shares in the public market within a short period of time, the price of our common stock could drop significantly. A large number of shares of outstanding common stock are restricted and are not freely-trading. An established public trading market for our common stock may never develop or, if developed, may not be sustained.

 

Please see the section captioned "Risk Factors" for more information and risks related to our securities.

 

Shareholders

 

As of June 25, 2020, there were an estimated 137 holders of record of our common stock. A certain amount of the shares of common stock are held in street name and may, therefore, be held by additional beneficial owners.

 

Dividends

 

We have never paid a cash dividend on our common stock since inception. The payment of dividends may be made at the discretion of our Board of Directors, and will depend upon, but not limited to, our operations, capital requirements, and overall financial condition.

 

We do not anticipate paying cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. The payment of dividends on our common stock will depend on earnings, financial condition and other business and economic factors affecting it at such time as the Board of Directors may consider relevant. We intend to follow a policy of retaining all of our earnings to finance the development and execution of our strategy and the expansion of our business. If we do not pay dividends, our common stock may be less valuable because a return on your investment will occur only if our stock price appreciates.

 

Transfer Agent

 

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is Signature Stock Transfer, Inc. Its address is 14673 Midway Road, Suite #220, Addison, Texas 75001 and its telephone number is (972) 612-4120.

 

Description of our securities

 

Common Stock

 

As of June 25, 2020, 12,332,996 shares of our common stock were issued and outstanding, which were held by 137 holders of record.

 

Please see the section captioned “Risk Factors” for more information and risks associated with our common stock.

 

On December 12, 2019, we effected a one-for-eight reverse stock split of our common stock and amended our certificate of incorporation to authorize the issuance of up to 80,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share.

 

On July 5, 2018, we amended our certificate of incorporation to authorize the issuance of up to 160,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share.

 

36

 

 
 

 

 

Each share of our common stock entitles the holder to receive notice of and to attend all meetings of our stockholders with the entitlement to one vote. Holders of common stock are entitled, subject to the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attaching to any other class of shares ranking in priority to the common stock, to receive any dividend declared by the Board of Directors. If our company is voluntarily or involuntarily liquidated, dissolved or wound-up, the holders of common stock will be entitled to receive, after distribution in full of preferential amounts, if any, all the remaining assets available for distribution ratably in proportion to the number of shares of common stock held by them. Holders of common stock have no redemption or conversion rights. The rights, preferences and privileges of holders of shares of common stock are subject to, and may be adversely affected by, the rights of the holders of shares of any series of preferred stock that we may designate and issue in the future.

 

Preferred Stock

 

As of December 31, 2019, we have authorized 5,000,000 preferred shares. We currently have no shares of preferred stock issued and have no plans to issue any shares of preferred stock at present.

 

On December 12, 2019, we amended our certificate of incorporation to authorize the issuance of up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share.

 

Reverse Stock Split

 

We effected a one-for-eight reverse stock split on December 12, 2019. Upon the effectiveness of the reverse stock split, every eight shares of outstanding common stock decreased to one share of common stock. Similarly, the number of shares of common stock into which each outstanding warrant and option to purchase common stock was exercisable and each convertible note was convertible into, decreased on a one-for-eight basis, and the exercise price of each outstanding warrant and option to purchase common stock increased proportionately. All share and per share amounts have been retrospectively restated.

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

In September 2018, our stockholders approved our 2018 Equity Incentive Plan, which provides for a maximum of 1,150,000 awards that can be issued as options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, stock units, other equity awards or cash awards. No awards were granted under the 2018 Equity Incentive Plan as of December 31, 2018. During July 2019, we issued an aggregate of 95,313 options to purchase common stock, of which options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock were issued to our Chief Financial Officer, options to purchase 39,375 shares of common stock were issued to our Chief Executive Officer and options to purchase 30,938 shares of common stock were issued to directors. During August 2019, we issued an aggregate of 150,000 options to purchase shares of common stock of which options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock were issued to each of Michele Ciavarella, our Chief Executive Officer, Alessandro Marcelli, our Vice President of Operations, Luca Pasquini, our Vice President of Technology, Gabriele Peroni, our Vice President Business Development, Franco Salvagni, our Vice President of Land-based Operations and Beniamino Gianfelici, our Vice President Regulatory Affairs On November 11,2019 we issued options to purchase 70,625 shares of common stock to various employees at an exercise price of $2.80 per share. As of December 12, 2019, there was an aggregate of 315,938 options to purchase shares of common stock granted under our 2018 Equity Incentive Plan and 834,062 reserved for future grants.

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

Plan Category  Number of securities to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options  Weighted-average exercise price of outstanding options  Number of securities remaining available for future issuance under equity compensation plans (excluding securities reflected in column (a))
    (a)    (b)    (c) 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders               
2018 Equity Incentive Plan   315,938    2.84    834,062 
                
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders   —      —      —   
Total   315,938    2.84    834,062 

 

37

 

 
 

 

Performance Graph and Purchases of Equity Securities

 

We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and are not required to provide the information required under this item.

 

Warrants

 

As of December 31, 2019, there were outstanding warrants to purchase up to 1,089,474 shares of our common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $4.00 per share between February 26, 2018 and May 31, 2020. The warrants provide for adjustment to the exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrant in the case of any stock split, stock dividend, recapitalization, reorganization, scheme, arrangement or otherwise).

 

Debentures

 

At December 31, 2019, we had outstanding an aggregate principal amount of $3,988,965, plus accrued interest thereon of approximately $524,227 of the convertible debentures that were issued between February 26, 2018 and May 31, 2018 after approximately $5,972,343 ($5,240,206 principal plus $732,136 accrued interest) of convertible debentures were redeemed for 1,866,528 of the Company’s common stock between January 1, 2019 and December 31, 2019. Each convertible debenture bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum, are due two years after their date of issuance and with principal and accrued interest convertible into shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $3.20 per share.

 

We issued to the former stockholders of VG a non-interest bearing promissory note providing for the payment of (a) an aggregate of €2,392,000 (approximately $2,737,000) in cash in 23 equal and consecutive monthly installments of €104,000 (approximately $119,000) commencing February 2019; and (b) an aggregate of €1,411,000 (approximately $1,615,000) in shares of our common stock in seventeen (17) equal and consecutive monthly installments of €83,000 (approximately $95,000) as determined by the average of the closing prices of such shares on the last 10 trading days immediately preceding the determination date of each monthly issuance, commencing on March 1, 2019. As of December 31, 2019, we have issued to such former stockholders of Virtual Generation 341,235 shares of common stock, representing payment of €830,000 (approximately $925,500) under the note.

 

In addition, pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement that we entered into with VG, we agreed to pay the former stockholders of VG as an earnout payment in shares of our common stock within one month from the end of the business year 2019 equal to an aggregate amount of €500,000 (approximately $561,500), if the amounts of bets made by the users through the VG platform related to our 2019 fiscal year are at least 5% higher than the amounts of bets made by the users through the VG platform related to our 2018 fiscal year. Based on the 18,449,380 tickets sold in 2019 VG has qualified for the earnout payment.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities.

 

The following information sets forth certain information with respect to all securities that we have sold during the last year. We did not pay any commissions in connection with any of these sales.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, we issued 341,235 shares of common stock to the sellers of Virtual Generation pursuant to the terms of a Securities Purchase Agreement as disclosed in Note 3 to the financial statements.

 

Except as otherwise stated, the offers, sales and issuances of the securities described above were deemed to be exempt from registration under the Securities Act in reliance on Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and Rule 506 promulgated under Regulation D promulgated thereunder as transactions by an issuer not involving a public offering. The recipients of securities in each of these transactions acquired the securities for investment only and not with a view to or for sale in connection with any distribution thereof, and appropriate legends were affixed to the securities issued in these transactions. Each of the recipients of securities in these transactions was an accredited investor within the meaning of Rule 501 of Regulation D under the Securities Act and had adequate access, through employment, business or other relationships, to information about the Registrant.

 

Other than as set forth above, there are no recent sales of unregistered securities by the Company during the period covered by this report, which have not been previously disclosed in Form 10-Q filings or Form 8-K filings.

 

38

 

 
 

 

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Registrant

 

None

 

Anti-Takeover Provisions of Delaware Law, our Certificate of Incorporation and our Bylaws

 

We are governed by the provisions of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law. In general, Section 203 prohibits a public Delaware corporation from engaging in a “business combination” with an “interested stockholder” for a period of three years after the date of the transaction in which the person became an interested stockholder, unless:

 

  the transaction was approved by the Board of Directors prior to the time that the stockholder became an interested stockholder;
  upon consummation of the transaction which resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, the interested stockholder owned at least 85% of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction commenced, excluding shares owned by directors who are also officers of the corporation and shares owned by employee stock plans in which employee participants do not have the right to determine confidentially whether shares held subject to the plan will be tendered in a tender or exchange offer; or
  at or subsequent to the time the stockholder became an interested stockholder, the business combination was approved by the Board of Directors and authorized at an annual or special meeting of the stockholders, and not by written consent, by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the outstanding voting stock which is not owned by the interested stockholder.

 

In general, Section 203 defines a “business combination” to include mergers, asset sales and other transactions resulting in financial benefit to a stockholder and an “interested stockholder” as a person who, together with affiliates and associates, owns, or within three years did own, 15% or more of the corporation's outstanding voting stock. These provisions may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing changes in control of our company.

 

Our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and our Bylaws include a number of provisions that could deter hostile takeovers or delay or prevent changes in control of our Board of Directors or management team, including the following:

 

(1) Potential Effects of Authorized but Unissued Stock

 

We have shares of common stock and preferred stock available for future issuance without stockholder approval. We may utilize these additional shares for a variety of corporate purposes, including securities public offerings and other financings to raise additional capital, to facilitate corporate acquisitions or payment as a dividend on the capital stock.

 

The existence of unissued and unreserved common stock and preferred stock may enable our Board of Directors to issue shares to persons friendly to current management or to issue preferred stock with terms that could render more difficult or discourage a third-party attempt to obtain control of us by means of a merger, tender offer, proxy contest or otherwise, thereby protecting the continuity of our management. In addition, the Board of Directors has the discretion to determine designations, rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions, including voting rights, dividend rights, conversion rights, redemption privileges and liquidation preferences of each series of preferred stock, all to the fullest extent permissible under the Delaware General Corporation Law and subject to any limitations set forth in our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation. The purpose of authorizing the Board of Directors to issue preferred stock and to determine the rights and preferences applicable to such preferred stock is to eliminate delays associated with a stockholder vote on specific issuances. The issuance of preferred stock, while providing desirable flexibility in connection with possible financings, acquisitions and other corporate purposes, could have the effect of making it more difficult for a third party to acquire, or could discourage a third party from acquiring, a majority of our outstanding voting stock.

 

(2) Limitations of Director Liability and Indemnification of Directors, Officers and Employees

 

The Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation limits the liability of directors to the fullest extent permitted by Delaware General Corporation Law. The Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation provides that directors will not be personally liable for monetary damages for breach of their fiduciary duties as directors, except for liability for any:

 

39

 

 
 
  breach of their duty of loyalty to us or our stockholders;
  act or omission not in good faith or that involves intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law;
  unlawful payments of dividends or unlawful stock repurchases or redemptions as provided in Section 174 of the Delaware General Corporation Law; or
  transaction from which the directors derived an improper personal benefit.

 

Our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation also provides that we will indemnify our directors and officers to the extent permitted by law, and may indemnify employees and other agents. Our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation also provides that we may advance expenses incurred by a director or officer in advance of the final disposition of any action or proceeding.

 

We have entered into separate indemnification agreements with certain of our directors and officers. These agreements, among other things, require us to indemnify the directors and officers for any and all expenses (including reasonable attorneys' fees, retainers, court costs, transcript costs, fees of experts, witness fees, travel expenses, duplicating costs, printing and binding costs, telephone charges, postage, delivery service fees) judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by such directors or officers or on his or her behalf in connection with any action or proceeding arising out of their services as one of our directors or officers, or any of our subsidiaries or any other company or enterprise to which the person provides services at our request provided that such person follows the procedures for determining entitlement to indemnification and advancement of expenses set forth in the indemnification agreement. We believe that these provisions and indemnification agreements are necessary to attract and retain qualified persons as directors and officers.

 

The limitation of liability and indemnification provisions in our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation may discourage stockholders from bringing a lawsuit against directors for breach of their fiduciary duties. They may also reduce the likelihood of derivative litigation against directors and officers, even though an action, if successful, might provide a benefit to us and our stockholders. Our results of operations and financial condition may be harmed to the extent we pay the costs of settlement and damage awards against directors and officers pursuant to these indemnification provisions.

 

Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers or persons controlling us, we have been informed that, in the opinion of the SEC, such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is therefore unenforceable.

 

Board of Directors Vacancies

 

Our Bylaws authorize only our Board of Directors to fill vacant directorships, including newly created seats.

 

No Cumulative Voting. The Delaware General Corporation Law provides that stockholders are not entitled to cumulate votes in the election of directors unless a corporation's certificate of incorporation provides otherwise. Our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation does not provide for cumulative voting.

 

Choice of Forum

 

Our certificate of incorporation provides that unless we consent in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, to the fullest extent permitted by law, all Internal Corporate Claims (as defined therein) shall be brought solely and exclusively in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware (or, if such court does not have jurisdiction, the Superior Court of the State of Delaware, or, if such other court does not have jurisdiction, the United States District Court for the District of Delaware).

 

A Delaware corporation is allowed to mandate in its corporate governance documents a chosen forum for the resolution of state law based shareholder class actions, derivative suits and other intra-corporate disputes.

 

The exclusive forum provision would not apply to suits brought to enforce any liability or duty created by the Securities Act or the Exchange Act or other federal securities laws for which there is exclusive federal or concurrent federal and state jurisdiction. To the extent that any such claims may be based upon federal law claims, Section 27 of the Exchange Act creates exclusive federal jurisdiction over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. Furthermore, Section 22 of the Securities Act creates concurrent jurisdiction for federal and state courts over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. Although our certificate contains the choice of forum provision described above, it is possible that a court could rule that such a provision is inapplicable for a particular claim or action or that such provision is unenforceable.

 

 The Company’s management believes limiting state law based claims to Delaware will provide the most appropriate outcomes as the risk of another forum misapplying Delaware law is avoided. Delaware courts have a well-developed body of case law and limiting the forum will preclude costly and duplicative litigation and avoids the risk of inconsistent outcomes. Additionally, Delaware Chancery Courts can typically resolve disputes on an accelerated schedule when compared to other forums. 

While management believes limiting the forum for state law based claims is a benefit, shareholders could be inconvenienced by not being able to bring a state law based action in another forum they find favorable. 

40

 

 
 

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

The Company is a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and is not required to provide the information required under this item.

 

Item 7. Management's Discussion And Analysis Of Financial Condition And Results Of Operations

 

You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and plan of operations together with our financial statements and the related notes appearing elsewhere in this annual report on form 10-K. In addition to historical information, this discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results may differ materially from those discussed below. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those identified below, and those discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” included elsewhere in this annual report on form 10-K. All amounts in this annual report are in U.S. dollars, unless otherwise noted.

 

Overview

 

Except as expressly stated, the financial condition and results of operations discussed throughout the Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations are those of Newgioco Group, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

 

We are a licensed gaming Operator in the regulated Italian leisure betting market holding an “online”, “retail” and “CED retail” Austria Bookmaker license through our Multigioco, Rifa and Ulisse subsidiaries, respectively. As an Operator, we collect gaming wagers and sports bets through two distribution channels: (i) online through websites on internet browsers, mobile applications and physical venues known as “web-shops” (internet cafes; kiosks, coffee-shops, convenience stores, restaurants and bars, etc.) where patrons can play online through PC’s situated at each venue, and (ii) through physical land-based retail venues (off-track betting shops, SSBT (“self-serve betting terminal”) kiosks, coffee-shops, convenience stores, restaurants, taverns and bars, etc.).

 

Additionally, we are a global gaming technology company which owns and operates a betting software designed with a unique “distributed model” architecture colloquially named Elys Game Board (the “Platform”) through our Odissea subsidiary. The Platform is a fully integrated “omni-channel” framework that combines centralized technology for updating, servicing and operations with multi-channel functionality to accept all forms of customer payment through the two distribution channels described above. The omni-channel software design is fully integrated with a built in player gaming account management system, built-in sports book and a virtual sports platform through our VG subsidiary. The Platform also provides seamless application programming interface integration of third-party supplied products such as online casino, poker, lottery and horse racing and has the capability to incorporate e-sports and daily fantasy sports providers.

 

Our corporate group is based in North America, which includes a head office situated in Toronto, Canada with satellite offices in Fort Lauderdale and Boca Raton, Florida through which our CEO and CFO handle corporate responsibilities, day-to-day reporting duties, U.S. development planning and through which various independent contractors and vendors are engaged.

 

We operate two business segments in the leisure gaming industry and our revenue is derived as follows:

 

  1.

Betting establishments

Transaction revenue through our offering of leisure betting products to retail customers directly through our online distribution on websites or a betting shop establishment or through third party agents that operate white-label websites and/or land-based retail venues; and

  2.

Betting platform software and services

SaaS based service revenue through providing our Platform and virtual sports products to betting operators.

         

 

Currently, transaction revenue generated through our subsidiaries Multigioco, Rifa and Ulisse, consist of wagering and gaming transaction income broken down to: (i) spread on sports bet wagers, and (ii) fixed rate commissions on casino, poker, lotto and horse racing wagers from online based betting web-shops and websites as well as land-based retail betting shops located throughout Italy; while our service revenue generated by our Platform is primarily derived from bet and wager processing through our Multigioco, Rifa and Ulisse operations in Italy.

 

41

 

 
 

 

We believe that our Platform is considered one of the newest betting software platforms in the world and our plan is to expand our Platform offering to new jurisdictions around the world on a B2B basis, including expansion through Europe, South America, South Africa and the developing market in the United States. During the year ended December 31, 2019, we also generated service revenue from royalties through authorized agents by providing our virtual sports products through our VG subsidiary in the following 12 countries: Italy, Peru, Nigeria, Paraguay, Albania, Honduras, Colombia, Mexico, Dominican Republic, Uganda, Nicaragua, and Turkey. We intend to leverage our partnerships in these 12 countries to cross-sell our Platform services to expand the global distribution of our betting solutions.

 

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis includes a discussion of our operations for the year ended December 31, 2019, which reflects the operations of VG and Naos for the eleven months of the year ended December 31, 2019. The operations of VG and Naos are not included in the discussion for the year ended December 31, 2018 due to the fact that the acquisition was consummated in January 2019. Accordingly, the results of operations reported for the year ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis are not comparable.

 

Recent Developments

 

Acquisition of VG

 

In January 2019, we expanded our operations in Europe with our acquisition of all of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of VG and Naos. The sellers included Mr. Luca Pasquini, our Vice President of Technology and a member of our Board of Directors, and Mr. Gabriele Peroni, our Vice President of Business Development, each of whom owned 20% each of the issued and outstanding shares of Naos.

 

VG is a Gaming Laboratories International (GLI) certified virtual sports and gaming software developer with a portfolio of products including greyhound and horse racing; league play football (i.e., soccer), keno; and American Roulette.

 

VG’s operations have grown rapidly in the highly competitive virtual sports market to approximately 18 million bet tickets traded in 2019. VG now operates in the following 12 countries: Italy, Peru, Nigeria, Paraguay, Albania, Honduras, Colombia, Mexico, Dominican Republic, Uganda, Nicaragua, and Turkey.

 

Pursuant to the VG purchase agreement we paid the sellers €4,000,000 (approximately $4,580,000 at a Euro – exchange rate of 1.143) as follows:

 

  (i) a cash payment of €108,000 (approximately $124,000);  
  (ii) the issuance of shares of our common stock valued at €89,000 (approximately $102,000); and  
  (iii) the delivery of a non-interest bearing promissory note providing for the payment of (a) an aggregate of €2,392,000 (approximately $2,737,000) in cash in 23 equal and consecutive monthly installments of €104,000 (approximately $119,000) with the first such payment due and payable in February 2019; and (b) an aggregate of €1,411,000 (approximately $1,615,000) in shares of our common stock in seventeen (17) equal and consecutive monthly installments of €83,000 (approximately $95,000) as determined by the average of the closing prices of such shares on the last 10 trading days immediately preceding the determination date of each monthly issuance, which issuances commenced on March 1, 2019.
           

 

In addition, pursuant to the terms of the VG purchase agreement, we agreed to pay the sellers as an earnout payment in shares of our common stock within one month from the end of the 2019 fiscal year such number of shares as shall equal to an aggregate amount of €500,000 (approximately $561,000), if the amounts of bets made by the users through the VGS platform related to our 2019 fiscal year are at least 5% higher than the amounts of bets made by the users through the VGS platform related to our 2018 fiscal year. Based on 18,449,380 tickets sold in 2019 VG has qualified for the earnout payment of 132,736 shares of common stock equal at a price of $4.23 per share.

 

As of December 31, 2019, we made total cash payments to the former shareholders of VG under the VG Share Purchase Agreement equal to €749,600 (approximately $837,000) which includes €728,000 (approximately $812,900) under the promissory note we issued to them, and we have issued 341,235 shares valued at €830,000 (approximately $905,300)) of common stock to the former shareholders of VG pursuant to the promissory note. The remaining amounts under the promissory note due to the vendors in cash was €1,664,000 (approximately $1,868,200) and €581,000 (approximately $648,700) to be paid in a number of shares of our common stock as determined by the average of the closing prices of such shares on the last ten trading days immediately preceding the payment dates.

 

42

 

 
 

 

Expansion and New Markets

 

United States Operations Development

 

In May 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court (“SCOTUS”) ruled that the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (the “PASPA”) was unconstitutional as it violates the Tenth Amendment prohibition against forcing states to implement federal laws. Enacted in 1992, PASPA generally prohibited states from authorizing, licensing or sponsoring betting on competitive games in which amateur or professional athletes participate. PASPA did not make sports betting a federal crime; rather, it allowed the attorney general for the Department of Justice, as well as professional and amateur sports organizations, to bring civil actions to enjoin violations of the act. The SCOTUS decision opens the door for all states to legalize and regulate sports gambling within their borders. States such as Nevada, New Jersey, Delaware, West Virginia, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Arkansas, Montana, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Tennessee, New York, New Mexico, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Oregon, Michigan, Mississippi, Colorado and the District of Columbia have passed laws that were ready to be enacted once the federal ban on sports betting was lifted. In addition, additional states including Maine, California, Connecticut, Louisiana, South Carolina, Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Kentucky, Ohio and Maryland are considering active bills.

 

We believe that the U.S. sports betting and online gaming market presents a large opportunity to deploy our Platform on a Software as a Service (SaaS) basis to several potential independent commercial and tribal casino and gaming operators throughout the United States. We have analyzed the technical specifications checklist supplied by GLI to verify that coding in our software meets the functional specifications set forth in the GLI-33 standards (The Gaming Laboratories International technical standard for event wagering systems). We believe that our Platform currently meets the majority of the GLI-33 certification standards and we expect to be in a position to send our software to GLI for certification in two phases as follows: (1) the first phase in mid-July 2020, will last about six weeks for verification of retail functionality (such as POS and SSBT); and (2) the second phase will begin by October 2020 for the verification of mobile and website functionality. Upon obtaining GLI-33 certification and obtaining regulatory approvals to operate, we expect to be well-positioned to commence processing sports bets in the U.S. on a SaaS basis through our Platform.

 

As part of our multi-year business growth strategy, we made significant investments for expansion into new markets outside of Italy, including preparation of the platform for the GLI-33 certification, professional services, trade show marketing and brand promotion in the second half of 2018 and first half of 2019 to enter and then build a foundation aimed at accelerating our recently announced U.S. expansion plans. To support these principal objectives, we initiated an ambitious investment strategy that is fundamental to the successful execution of our long-term business plan. These fundamental investments have resulted in short-term, non-recurring expenses related to key elements such as regulatory and policy requirements and establishing a centralized US-based headquarters. In the third quarter of 2018, we also established a plan to relocate our CEO to the U.S., commenced the recruitment and evaluation of key officers, as well as allocating a software development team at Odissea for coding and submission of our Platform for GLI-33 certification for the U.S. market.

 

In March 2019, we entered into a five-year agreement with Fleetwood Gaming, Inc. for the exclusive rights to distribute our Platform at select non-tribal locations such as sports bars and taverns in the state of Montana. The multi-year agreement is expected to allow Fleetwood to install our Platform throughout Fleetwood's distribution network in Montana.

 

In April 2019, we entered into a five-year agreement with the Chippewa Cree Tribe in Box Elder, Montana to install our Platform at the Northern Winz Casino. In this regard, in September 2019, we transacted the first legal Class 1 real-money bet in the U.S. on Indian Horse Relay Racing and on December 21, 2019 on traditional Indian Stick Game. Class 1 betting represents traditional indigenous sporting events or games that are not classed as mainstream sports bets.

 

In October 2019, we engaged experienced U.S. bookmaker Kevin Slicker to lead the development of our U.S. designed betting platform and products and also entered into multi-year agreements with Handle 19, Inc. and Grand Central, LLC, two retail sports bar operators in Washington, DC to provide sports betting products and services in their establishments upon the completion of their licensing process.

 

The commencement of betting transactions in Montana and Washington, DC are subject to obtaining the required certification, licensing and approvals from the Gambling Control Division of the Montana Department of Justice and the District of Columbia Office of the Lottery and Charitable Games, respectively, which has not been determined as of the date of this annual report.

 

43

 

 
 

 

Impact of COVID-19

 

As result of the global outbreak of the COVID-19 virus, on March 8, 2020 the Italian government issued a decree which imposed certain restrictions and closures of public gatherings and travel which included betting shops, arcades and bingo halls across Italy until April 3, 2020. Accordingly, the Company has temporarily closed approximately 150 betting shop locations throughout Italy. The closing of physical betting shop locations does not affect the Company’s online and mobile business operations which may prove to mitigate some of the impact. Subsequently, on March 10, 2020 the Italian government imposed further restrictions on travel throughout Italy as well as transborder crossings, that hampered the Company’s efforts to meet its filing deadlines, and have either postponed or cancelled most professional sports events which has had an effect on the Company’s overall sports betting handle and revenues, however we were able to maintain our online casino, poker and other non-sports products. We anticipate that COVID-19 will continue to negatively impact our operating results in future periods, however, the specific impact is not readily determinable at this time.

 

Results of Operations

 

Results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

The comparisons below include a discussion of our operations for the year ended December 31, 2019, which includes the acquisition of VG and Naos on January 31, 2019.

 

Revenues

 

The following table represents disaggregated revenues from our gaming operations for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018. Net Gaming Revenues represents turnover (also referred to as “handle”), the total bets processed for the period, less customer winnings paid out, commissions paid to agents, and taxes due to government authorities. Commission and service revenues represent commissions on lotto ticket sales and revenue invoiced for our Elys software service and royalties invoiced for the sale of virtual products.

 

   Years Ended      
   December 31, 2019  December 31, 2018 

Increase/

(decrease)

  Percentage change
Turnover            
web-based  $328,385,837   $235,891,170   $92,494,667    39.2%
land-based   125,747,337    177,334,592    (51,587,255)   (29.1)%
Total Turnover   454,133,174    413,225,762    40,907,412    9.9%
                     
Winnings/Payouts                    
Winnings web-based   309,214,993    223,064,978    86,150,015    38.6%
Winnings land-based   105,011,619    152,446,130    (47,434,511)   (31.1)%
Total Winnings/payouts   414,226,612    375,511,108    38,715,504    10.3%
                     
Gross Gaming Revenues   39,906,562    37,714,654    2,191,908    5.8%
                     
Less:
ADM Gaming Taxes
   4,697,085    3,417,150    1,279,935    37.5%
Net Gaming Revenues   35,209,477    34,297,504    911,973    2.7%
Betting platform software and services   373,654    277,593    96,061    34.6%
                     
Total Revenues  $35,583,131   $34,575,097    1,008,034    2.9%
                     

 

44

 

 
 

 

The Company generated total revenues of $35,583,131 and $34,575,097 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, an increase of $1,008,034 or 2.9%.

 

The change in total revenues is primarily due to the following:

 

Web-based turnover increased by $92,494,667 or 39.2%. The increase in web-based turnover is primarily due to a significant increase in the number of web-shops opened in 2019 as well as the addition of virtual games products to the online channel. The payout ratio on web based turnover improved to 94.2% from 94.6% in the prior year, resulting in more profitability on the turnover generated of approximately $1.3 million. The payout ratio varies based on the skill and luck of our customers and can fluctuate significantly from period to period and year to year.

 

Land based turnover decreased by $51,587,255 or 29.1%. The decrease in land based turnover is primarily due to conversion of land-based customers to web-based customers and the closure of approximately 20 underperforming land-based locations in Italy. The payout ratio on land based turnover decreased to 83.5% from 86.0%, resulting in more profitability on the turnover generated of $3.1 million. The payout ratio varies based on the skill and luck of our customers and can fluctuate significantly from period to period.

 

Gross gaming revenues increased by $2,191,908 or 5.8%. Although we had an overall increase in total turnover of 9.9%, the volume of web based turnover as a percentage of total turnover increased from 57.1% in 2018 to 72.3% in 2019. Web-based turnover has a higher payout ratio in the current year of 94.2% compared to land-based turnover which has a payout ratio of 83.5% in the current year, this resulted in web based revenue growing by 5.8% over the prior year compared to total revenue growing by 9.9%

 

ADM gaming taxes increased by $1,279,935 or 37.5% over the prior period due to the increased gaming tax rates instituted by the Italian gaming regulator in 2019 along with the increase in overall betting handle which gaming tax is based on.

 

Betting platform software and services revenue, while increasing by 34.6%, remains insignificant to total revenues during the years presented.

 

Selling expenses

 

We incurred selling expenses of $27,584,492 and $24,142,110 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, an increase of $3,442,382 or 14.3%. Selling expenses are commissions that are paid to our sales agents and are directly tied to handle (turnover) as they are based on a percentage of handle (turnover) and are not affected by the winnings that are paid. Therefore, increases in handle, will typically result in increases in selling expenses but may not result in increases in overall revenue if winnings/payouts are very high. During the year ended December 31, 2019, our percentage of selling expenses to gross gaming revenues was approximately 69.1% compared to 64.0% for the year ended December 31, 2018, primarily due to an aggressive strategy in the Italian gaming market to gain market share resulting in revised commission agreements with agents.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses were $10,994,554 and $10,588,162 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, an increase of $406,392 or 3.8%. The increase in general and administrative expenditure is in line with expectations and includes the grant of stock options during the year ended December 31, 2019 resulting in an expense of $201,106 and $0 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Loss from Operations

 

The loss from operations was $2,995,915 and $155,175 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, an increase of $2,840,740. The increase in loss from operations is due to the increase in selling expenses of $3,442,382 offset by an increase in revenue of $1,008,034 as discussed above.

 

Interest Expense, Net of Interest Income

 

Interest expense was $972,443 and $619,709 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, an increase of $352,734 or 56.9%. The increase is attributable to the interest on the convertible debentures which were issued during 2018, a significant amount of these debentures were only in existence for a portion of prior year.

 

45

 

 
 

 

Amortization of debt discount

 

Amortization of debt discount was $4,154,922 and $1,995,128 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, an increase of $2,159,794 or 108.3%. The increase is attributable to the debt discount arising on the issuances of convertible debentures in 2018, a significant amount of these convertible debentures were only in existence for a portion of prior year, in addition convertible debentures amounting to $5,240,206 and interest thereon of $732,136 was converted to equity during the current year, of which approximately $3,725,000 was converted in December 2019, resulting in the acceleration of the debt discount amortization.

 

Virtual Generation bonus earnout

 

The Virtual Generation bonus earnout was $561,351 and $0 for the years ended December31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. In terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement entered into with the Virtual Generation sellers in January 2019, the sellers were entitled to an additional payment of €500,000 on achievement of a growth on gross tickets sold of 5%. This contingent bonus earnout was not included in the original purchase consideration as we considered that the possibility of achieving the 5% growth in gross tickets was remote.

 

Loss on share issuances

 

Loss on share issuances was $44,063 and $0 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, an increase of $44,063 or 100%. The loss on share issuances was primarily related to shares issued to certain convertible debenture holders to induce them to transfer their convertible debentures to another holder.

 

Other income

 

Other income was $149,565 and $0 for years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Other income represent several individually insignificant amounts received during the year.

 

Imputed interest on related party advances

 

Imputed interest on related party advances was $0 and $761 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. This amount is immaterial.

 

Gain on litigation settlement

 

Gain on litigation settlement was $516,120 for the year ended December 31, 2018 and no Gain on litigation settlement for the year ended December 31, 2019, respectively, a decrease of $516,120 or 100%. During the year ended December 31, 2018, we settled a legal dispute with an entity we had invested funds into resulting in the issue of the Zoompass marketable securities to us and the forgiveness of a debt we owed to this entity.

 

Loss on issuance of convertible debt

 

Loss on issuance of convertible debt was $0 and $196,403 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, a decrease of $196,403 or 100%. The loss in the prior year arose on the issuance of convertible debentures between January 1, 2018 and May 31, 2018.

 

Loss on Marketable Securities

 

The loss on marketable securities was $97,500 and $75,000 for the years ended December 13, 2019, and 2018, respectively. The loss on marketable securities is directly related to the stock price of our investment in Zoompass which is marked-to-market each period. The shares in Zoompass were acquired by the Company as settlement of the litigation matter mentioned above.

 

Loss Before Income Taxes

 

Loss before income taxes was $8,676,629 and $2,526,056 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, an increase of $6,150,573 or 243.5%. The increase is primarily attributable to the increase in loss from operations of $2,840,740; the increase in the amortization of debt discount of $2,159,794; the Virtual Generation bonus earnout of $561,351; and the gain on litigation settlement in the prior year of $516,120 as discussed above.

 

46

 

 
 

 

Income Tax Provision

 

The income tax provision was $598,176 and $1,102,701 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, a decrease of $504,525 or 45.8%. The decrease in the income tax provision is attributable to the reduction in earnings at our operating subsidiaries discussed under revenue and selling expenses above and the deferred tax movement of $85,654 on intangible assets.

 

Net Loss

 

Net loss was $9,274,805 and $3,628,757 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, an increase of $5,646,048 or 155.6%, due to the reasons discussed above.

 

Comprehensive Loss

 

Our reporting currency is the U.S. dollar while the functional currency of our subsidies is the Euro, the local currency in Italy and Austria and the functional currency of our Canadian subsidiary is the Canadian dollar. The financial statements of our subsidiaries are translated into United States dollars in accordance with ASC 830, using year-end rates of exchange for assets and liabilities, and average rates of exchange for the period for revenues, costs, and expenses and historical rates for equity. Translation adjustments resulting from the process of translating the local currency financial statements into U.S. dollars are included in determining other comprehensive income.

 

We recorded a foreign currency translation loss of $119,286 and $184,043 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The closing of physical betting shop locations does not affect the Company’s online and mobile business operations which may prove to mitigate some of the impact. Subsequently, on March 10, 2020 the Italian government imposed further restrictions on travel throughout Italy as well as transborder crossings, that hampered the Company’s efforts to meet its filing deadlines, and have either postponed or cancelled most professional sports events which has had an effect on the Company’s overall sports betting handle and revenues and may negatively impact the Company’s operating results. We anticipate that COVID-19 will continue to negatively impact our operating results in future periods, however, the specific impact is not readily determinable at this time.

 

Assets

 

At December 31, 2019, we had total assets of $27,825,182 compared to total assets of $22,653,481 at December 31, 2018. The increase is primarily related to the increase in intangible assets of $3,329,047 and goodwill of $1,400,833 related to the acquisition of the Virtual Generation licenses amounting to $4,004,594, acquired on January 31, 2019 under the terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement entered into as disclosed in Note 3 to the financial statements, offset by amortization of intangibles and foreign currency movements totaling $675,547, the recording of right of use assets relating to operating leases of $792,078 in terms of ASC 842, offset by a reduction in cash balances of $1,107,305.

 

Liabilities

 

At December 31, 2019, we had total liabilities of $19,023,897 compared to $12,714,078 at December 31, 2018. The increase is attributable to the deferred purchase consideration payable to related and non-related parties incurred for the acquisition of Virtual Generation during January 2019 as discussed in Note 3 to the financial statements, the increase in accounts payable balances of $2,831,233, the deferred purchase consideration due to the Virtual Generation sellers of $2,881,641, offset by the net reduction in convertible debt of $1,101,709, which reduction includes the amortization of debt discount of $4,154,922, interest accruals of $719,931, foreign currency adjustments of $184,214 and the conversion of convertible debt, including interest thereon, into equity of $5,972,343.

 

Working Capital

 

We had $5,182,598 in cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2019 compared to $6,289,903 on December 31, 2018.

 

We had a working capital deficit of $9,153,291 at December 31, 2019, compared to a working capital surplus of $134,190 at December 31, 2018. The increase in the working capital deficit is due to the acquisition of Virtual Generation as disclosed in Note 3 to the financial statements resulting in the acquisition of primarily long term assets in the form of licenses funded by short-term deferred compensation and the classification of convertible debentures of $3,361,337 as current liabilities due to their maturities falling within the next twelve months.

 

47

 

 
 

 

We maintain a $1,000,000 secured revolving line of credit from Metropolitan Commercial Bank in New York, which bears a fixed rate of interest of 3% on the outstanding balance with an interest only monthly minimum payment, no maturity or due date and is secured by a $1,000,000 security deposit. The outstanding balance on the Metropolitan Commercial Bank facility at December 31, 2019 was $1,000,000.

 

We intend embarking on an aggressive roll out of our operation in the US markets over the next twenty four months and anticipate that we will need cash of approximately $10 million to $15 million to execute this successfully and to fund our increasing working capital requirements. We believe that our existing cash resources together with the revenue from operations will be sufficient to fund existing operations over the next twelve months from the date hereof. Historically, we have primarily financed our operations through revenue generated from providing online and land-based gaming products, services, and Platform services in Italy and the sales of our securities and we expect to continue to seek to obtain required capital in a similar manner. Recently, we have spent, and expect to continue to spend, a substantial amount of funds in connection with our expansion strategy.

 

Accumulated Deficit

 

As of December 31, 2019, we had accumulated deficit of $23,241,835 compared to accumulated deficit of $13,967,030 at December 31, 2018.

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

Cash flows from operating activities resulted in net cash used in operating activities of $145,520 for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $1,401,302 for the year ended December 31, 2018. The $1,546,822 decrease in cash used in operating activities is primarily related to the increase in loss from operations of $5,731,702 offset by non-cash amortization of deferred costs of $4,097,721.

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

The net cash used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 was $468,348 compared to $4,725,856 for the year ended December 31, 2018 that was attributed directly to the asset purchases of Ulisse and Multigioco on May 31, 2018 pursuant to the Ulisse Put Option and the Multigioco Put Option. During the current year we acquired Virtual Generation for an initial cash outlay, net of cash received of $47,268 and have subsequently paid the sellers an additional $672,871 in cash.

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 was $479,445 compared to cash provided by financing activities of $4,499,088 for the year ended December 31, 2018. We raised funding through the issue of convertible debentures in the prior year of $6,883,906 and repurchased common shares totaling $2,261,307 in the prior year. The common share repurchase was attributed to the asset purchases of Ulisse and Multigioco on May 31, 2018 pursuant to the Ulisse Put Option and the Multigioco Put Option. In the current year we made payment of $672,871 to the Virtual Generation sellers offset by net proceeds of the bank line of credit of $250,000.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

Contractual obligations consist of the following:

 

  A cash obligation to repay Virtual Generation Promissory notes of $1,868,174.
  Repayment of convertible debentures denominated in both US$ and CDN$ issued in the first and second quarters of 2018 that mature on May 31, 2020. At December 31, 2019, we have outstanding a principal amount of $3,464,737 and accrued interest thereon of $524,227.
         

 

Off-Balance-Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenue or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that we expect to be material to investors. We do not have any non-consolidated, special-purpose entities.

 

48

 

 
 

Related Party Transactions

 

Notes Payable, Related Party

 

The Company had three promissory notes entered into in 2015 and 2016 with a related party with an aggregate principal amount outstanding of $318,078. The promissory notes bore interest at 12% per annum and were due on demand.

 

On September 4, 2019, in terms of an agreement entered into with the note holder, the promissory notes amounting to $318,078 together with interest thereon of $139,383, totaling $457,461 were exchanged for 142,956 shares of common stock at the market price of $3.20 per share.

 

Deferred Purchase consideration, Related Party

 

In terms of the acquisition of Virtual Generation on January 31, 2019, disclosed in Note 3 above, the Company issued non-interest bearing promissory notes in the principal amount of €3,803,000 owing to both related parties and non-related parties. The value of the promissory notes payable to related parties was originally €1,521,200, please see details below.

 

Related party payables and receivables

 

The balances of our related party payable and receivable, representing non-interest-bearing (payables) receivables that are due on demand, and are outstanding as of December 31, 2019, and 2018 as follows:

 

   December 31, 2019  December 31, 2018
Related Party payables          
           
Gold Street Capital Corp.  $(2,551)  $(39,237)
           
Related Party Receivables          
           
Luca Pasquini  $4,123   $—   

 

Amounts due to Gold Street Capital Corp., the major stockholder of Newgioco Group, are for reimbursement of expenses. The Company paid management fees of $0 and $72,000 to Gold Street Capital Corp. during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

 

In January 2018, the Company advanced €100,000 (approximately $116,000) to an officer to cover fees related to an application for a gaming license in Malta, under the name Ulisse Services, Ltd. The advance has been repaid and the gaming license in Malta is still under consideration.

 

In February 2018 the Company provided a loan of approximately €39,000 (approximately $45,000) to Engage IT Services Srl, a Company owned by Luca Pasquini, to finance hardware purchased by third-party betting shops. In June 2018, the Company increased the loan by approximately €46,000 (approximately $53,000). The loan bears interest at 4.47% and is due in February 2019. Total repayments in 2019 were approximately €43,000 and approximately €43,000 (approximately $45,000 and $45,000, respectively), including interest, remains outstanding at December 31, 2019. An officer of the Company holds a 34% stake in Engage IT Services Srl.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company paid management fees of approximately €480,000 (approximately $549,000) to Ulisse Services, Ltd. to cover office and set-up expenses.

 

Michele Ciavarella

 

On July 5, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Ciavarella, the Chief Executive Officer and chairman of the board and officer of the Company, ten year options to purchase 39,375 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.96 per share.

 

49

 

 
 

 

On August 29, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Ciavarella ten year options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.80 per share.

 

On September 4, 2019, Mr. Ciavarella converted $500,000 of accrued salaries into 125,000 shares of common stock at a conversion price of $4 per share, at a premium of $0.80 to the market price of $3.20 per share on the conversion date, as stipulated by the independent members of the Board of Directors.

 

Gold Street Capital

 

Gold Street Capital is wholly owned by Gilda Ciavarella, the spouse of Mr. Ciavarella.

 

On September 4, 2019, the Company issued 15,196 shares of common stock at the market price of $3.20 per share to Gold Street Capital in settlement of $48,508 of advances made to the Company for certain reimbursable expenses.

 

Luca Pasquini

 

On January 31, 2019, the Company acquired Virtual Generation for €4,000,000 (Approximately $4,576,352), Mr. Pasquini was a 20% owner of Virtual Generation and was due gross proceeds of €800,000 (Approximately $915,270). The gross proceeds of €800,000 was to be settled by a payment in cash of €500,000 over a twelve month period and by the issuance of common stock valued at €300,000 over an eighteen month period. As of December 31, 2019, the Company has paid Mr. Pasquini cash of €125,600 (approximately $141,014) and issued 68,247 shares valued at €183,800 (Approximately $205,463).

 

In addition, due to the attainment of an earnout clause per the agreement, a further €500,000 (approximately $561,351) was earned as of December 31, 2019, which earnout is to be settled by the issue of shares of common stock of which Mr. Pasquini’s shares is €100,000 (approximately $112,270).

 

On August 29, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Pasquini, ten year options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.80 per share.

 

Gabriele Peroni

 

On January 31, 2019, the Company acquired Virtual Generation Limited for €4,000,000 (approximately $4,576,352), Mr. Peroni was a 20% owner of Virtual Generation and was due gross proceeds of €800,000 (approximately $915,270). The gross proceeds of €800,000 was to be settled by a payment in cash of €500,000 over a twelve month period and by the issuance of common stock valued at €300,000 over an eighteen month period. As of December 31, 2019, the Company has paid Mr. Peroni cash of €167,200 (approximately $187.720) and issued 68,247 shares valued at €183,800 (Approximately $205,463).

 

In addition, due to the attainment of an earnout clause per the agreement, a further €500,000 (approximately $561,351) was earned as of December 31, 2019, which earnout is to be settled by the issue of shares of common stock of which Mr. Peroni’s shares is €100,000 (approximately $112,270).

 

On August 29, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Peroni, ten year options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.80 per share.

 

Franco Salvagni

 

On August 29, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Salvagni, an officer of the Company, ten year options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.80 per share.

 

50

 

 
 

 

Beniamino Gianfelici

 

On August 29, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Gianfelici, an officer of the Company, ten year options to purchase over 25,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.80 per share.

 

Mark Korb

 

On July 1, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Korb, the chief financial officer of the Company, seven year options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.72 per share.

 

Paul Sallwasser

 

On July 5, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Sallwasser, a director of the Company, ten year options to purchase 20,625 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.96 per share.

 

Steven Shallcross

 

On July 5, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Shallcross, a director of the Company, ten year options to purchase 10,313 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.96 per share.

 

Inflation

 

We do not believe that general price inflation will have a material effect on the Company's business in the near future.

 

Foreign Exchange

 

We operate in several foreign countries, including Austria, Italy, Malta and Canada and we incur operating expenses and have foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities associated with these operations. Transactions involving our corporate expenditures are generally denominated in U.S. dollars and Canadian dollars while the functional currency of our subsidiaries is in Euro. Convertible debentures have also been issued in both U.S. dollars and Canadian dollars. Changes and fluctuations in the foreign exchange rate between the Euro and the U.S. dollar and the Canadian dollar and the U.S. dollar will have an effect on our results of operations.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Preparation of our consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of certain assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, as well as related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Significant accounting policies are fundamental to understanding our financial condition and results as they require the use of estimates and assumptions which affect the financial statements and accompanying notes. See Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10- K for further information.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

See Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K for information regarding recently issued accounting standards.

 

Item 7a. Quantitative And Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

The Company is a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and is not required to provide the information required under this item

 

 

51

 

 
 

 

Item 8. Financial Statements And Supplementary Data

 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Page

Financial Statements for the Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018  
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm - BDO F-1
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm - Pitagora F-2
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 F-3
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (income) loss for the Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 F-4
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 F-5
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 F-6
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements F-7

 

 

52

 

 
 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

 

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of

Newgioco Group, Inc.

130 Adelaide Street, West, Suite 701

Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5H 2K4

 

Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Newgioco Group, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2019, the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss), changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2019, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at December 31, 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2019, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audit we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audit included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Zurich, Switzerland, July 2, 2020

 

BDO AG

 

 

 

Christoph Tschumi ppa. Timothy Ryan

 

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2019.

 

F-1

 

 
 

 

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and

Shareholders of Newgioco Group Inc.

Toronto, Ontario

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Newgioco Group Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2018, the related consolidated statements of comprehensive income, Stockholders’ Equity (Deficiency), and cash flows, for the year ended December 31, 2018, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statement”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statement presents fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2018, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on this consolidated financial statement based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits of the financial statements provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Pitagora Revisione S.r.l.

/s/ Roberto Seymandi

Roberto Seymandi

Partner

 

Turin, Italy

May 14, 2020

 

F-2

 

 
 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

  

December 31,

2019

 

December 31,

2018

Current Assets          
Cash and cash equivalents  $5,182,598   $6,289,903 
Accounts receivable   152,879    10,082 
Gaming accounts receivable   1,242,005    1,021,052 
Prepaid expenses   221,547    124,712 
Related party receivable   4,123    49,914 
Other current assets   461,398    55,700 
Total Current Assets   7,264,550    7,551,363 
           
Non - Current Assets          
Restricted cash   1,549,917    1,560,539 
Property, plant and equipment   520,725    476,047 
Right of use assets   792,078    —   
Intangible assets   15,857,027    12,527,980 
Goodwill   1,663,385    262,552 
Marketable securities   177,500    275,000 
Total Non - Current Assets   20,560,632    15,102,118 
Total Assets  $27,825,182   $22,653,481 
           
Current Liabilities          
Line of credit - bank  $1,000,000   $750,000 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   6,800,765    3,969,532 
Gaming accounts payable   1,735,650    1,049,423 
Taxes payable   298,476    1,056,430 
Advances from stockholders   2,551    39,237 
Deferred purchase consideration, net of discount of $120,104   1,682,280    —   
Deferred purchase consideration, Related Party, net of discount of $80,069   1,199,361    —   
Debentures, net of discount   3,361,337    —   
Operating lease liability   200,866    —   
Financial lease liability   12,476    —   
Promissory notes payable – related party   —      431,631 
Bank loan payable – current portion   124,079    120,920 
Total Current Liabilities   16,417,841    7,417,173 
           
Non-Current Liabilities          
Deferred tax liability   1,315,954    —   
Debentures, net of discount   —       4,463,046 
Operating lease liability   548,747    —   
Financial lease liability   25,025    —   
Bank loan payable   96,786    225,131 
Other long-term liabilities   619,544    608,728 
Total Non – Current Liabilities   2,606,056    5,296,905 
Total Liabilities   19,023,897    12,714,078 
           
Stockholders' Equity          
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized, none issued        —   
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 80,000,000 shares authorized; 11,949,042 and 9,442,537 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2019 and 2018*   1,194    944 
Additional paid-in capital   32,218,643    23,962,920 
Accumulated other comprehensive income   (176,717)   (57,431)
Accumulated deficit   (23,241,835)   (13,967,030)
Total Stockholders' Equity   8,801,285    9,939,403 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity  $27,825,182   $22,653,481 

 

* Adjusted for 1 for 8 reverse stock split effective December 12, 2019

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-3

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

   For the years ended December 31,
   2019  2018
       
Revenue  $35,583,131   $34,575,097 
           
Costs and Expenses          
Selling expenses   27,584,492    24,142,110 
General and administrative expenses   10,994,554    10,588,162 
Total Costs and Expenses   38,579,046    34,730,272 
           
Loss from Operations   (2,995,915)   (155,175)
           
           
Other (Expenses) Income          
Interest expense, net   (972,443)   (619,709)
Amortization of debt discount   (4,154,922)   (1,995,128)
Virtual Generation bonus earnout   (561,351)   —   
Loss on share issuances   (44,063)   —   
Other income   149,565    —   
Imputed interest on related party advances   —      (761)
Gain on litigation settlement   —      516,120 
Loss on issuance of convertible debt   —      (196,403)
Loss on marketable securities   (97,500)   (75,000)
Total Other Expenses   (5,680,714)   (2,370,881)
           
Loss Before Income Taxes   (8,676,629)   (2,526,056)
Income tax provision   (598,176)   (1,102,701)
Net Loss  $(9,274,805)  $(3,628,757)
           
Other Comprehensive Loss          
Foreign currency translation adjustment   (119,286)   (184,043)
           
Comprehensive Loss  $(9,394,091)  $(3,812,800)
           
Loss per common share – basic and diluted*  $(0.91)  $(0.38)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding – basic and diluted*   10,226,432    9,485,993 
           

 

 

* Adjusted for 1 for 8 reverse stock split effective December 12, 2019

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-4

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Equity

 

   Common Stock  Additional  Accumulated
Other
      
   Shares*  Amount*  Paid-In Capital*  Comprehensive Income  Accumulated Deficit  Total
                   
                   
Balance at December 31, 2017   9,267,948   $927   $14,548,951   $126,612   $(10,338,273)  $4,338,217 
                               
Imputed interest on stockholder advances   —      —      1,514    —      —      1,514 
Shares issued for warrants   25,136    3    (3)   —      —      —   
Common stock issued with debentures   228,903    22    582,464    —      —      582,486 
ASU 2017-11 adjustments to the beneficial conversion feature of convertible debentures   —      —      2,551,856    —           2,551,856 
Warrants issued with debt   —      —      2,951,429    —      —      2,951,429 
Common stock issued for the purchase of subsidiaries   175,550    18    5,587,657    —      —      5,587,675 
Purchase of treasury stock   (255,000)   (26)   (2,260,948)   —      —      (2,260,974)
Foreign currency translation adjustment   —      —      —      (184,043)   —      (184,043)
Net loss   —      —      —      —      (3,628,757)   (3,628,757)
Balance at December 31, 2018   9,442,537   $944   $23,962,920   $(57,431)  $(13,967,030)  $9,939,403 
Shares issued on conversion of convertible debentures   1,866,467    187    5,972,321    —      —      5,972,508 
Common stock issued to settle deferred purchase consideration   341,235    34    1,027,279    —      —      1,027,313 
Common stock issued to settle liabilities   284,721    28    1,009,953    —      —      1,009,981 
Bonus shares issued to convertible debenture holders   14,082    1    45,064    —      —      45,065 
Stock based compensation expense   —      —      201,106              201,106 
Foreign currency translation adjustment   —      —      —      (119,286)   —      (119,286)
Net loss   —      —      —      —      (9,274,805)   (9,274,805)
                               
Balance at December 31, 2019   11,949,042   $1,194   $32,218,643   $(176,717)  $(23,241,835)  $8,801,285 

 

 

* Adjusted for 1 for 8 reverse stock split effective December 12, 2019.

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-5

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

  

For the years ended

December 31,

  2019  2018
Cash Flows from Operating Activities          
Net loss  $(9,274,805)  $(3,628,757)
           
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities          
Depreciation and amortization   946,185    697,266 
Amortization of debt discount   4,154,922    1,995,128 
Non-cash interest   745,762    —   
Virtual Generation bonus earnout   561,351    —   
Loss on issuance of debt   —      196,403 
Imputed interest on advances from stockholders   —      1,514 
Unrealized loss on marketable securities   97,500    75,000 
Impairment (recovery) of assets   —      (518,354)
Stock based compensation expense   201,106    —   
Bonus shares issued to debenture holders   45,065    —   
Gain on settlement of liabilities   (1,003)   —   
Bad debt (recovery) expense   —      6,354 
Deferred taxation movement   (85,654)     
           
Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities          
Prepaid expenses   (90,353)   (37,021)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   2,973,916    3,062,419 
Accounts receivable   (95,147)   100,053 
Gaming accounts receivable   (240,559)   142,779 
Gaming accounts payable   701,029    (225,433)
Taxes payable   (438,235)   (498,941)
Other current assets   (368,894)   (43,157)
Long term liabilities   22,294    76,048 
Net Cash (Used in) Provided by Operating Activities   (145,520)   1,401,302 
           
Cash Flows from Investing Activities          
Acquisition of property, plant, and equipment, and intangible assets   (252,198)   (4,725,856)
Acquisition of Virtual Generation, net of cash of $47,268   (216,150)   —   
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities   (468,348)   (4,725,856)
           
Cash Flows from Financing Activities          
Proceeds from bank credit line, net   250,000    750,000 
Repayment of bank loan   (118,336)   (137,965)
Repayment of bank credit line   —      (177,060)
Deferred purchase price payments   (672,871)   —   
Proceeds from debentures and convertible notes, net of repayment   —      6,883,906 
Proceeds from finance leases   14,989    —   
Repayment of finance leases   (11,371)   —   
Advance from related party   58,144    —   
Payments to related party   —      (49,914)
Purchase of treasury stock   —      (2,261,307)
Advances from stockholders, net of repayment   —      (508,572)
Net Cash (Used in) Provided by Financing Activities   (479,445)   4,499,088 
           
Effect of change in exchange rate   (24,614)   (381,855)
           
Net (decrease) increase in cash   (1,117,927)   792,679 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash – beginning of the year   7,850,442    7,057,763 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash – end of the year  $6,732,515   $7,850,442 
           
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash within the Balance Sheets to the Statement of Cash Flows          
           
Cash and cash equivalents  $5,182,598   $6,289,903 
Restricted cash included in non-current assets   1,549,917    1,560,539 
   $6,732,515   $7,850,442 
           
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information          
Cash paid during the period for:          
Interest  $227,006   $619,709 
Income tax  $884,295   $339,274 
Supplemental cash flow disclosure for non-cash activities          
Conversion of convertible debt to common stock  $5,972,508   $—   
Deferred purchase consideration on acquisition of Virtual Generation  $3,828,133   $—   
Deferred purchase consideration settled by the issuance of common stock  $1,027,313   $—   
Settlement of liabilities by the issuance of common stock  $1,009,981   $—   
Cashless exercise of warrants  $—     $20 
Common shares issued for the acquisition of intangible assets  $—     $5,588,008 
Common stock issued with debt  $—     $582,486 
Discount due to warrants issued with debt  $—     $2,307,569 
Discount due to beneficial conversion feature  $—     $2,551,856 
Discount due to broker warrants issued with debt  $—     $643,860 
Reclassification of derivative liabilities to equity and cumulative effect of adoption of ASU 2017-11  $—     $222,915 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-6

 

 
 

 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

1.Nature of Business

 

Established in the state of Delaware in 1998, Newgioco Group, Inc. (“Newgioco Group” or the “Company”) is an international, vertically integrated commercial-stage company engaged in various aspects of the leisure gaming industry. The Company is a licensed gaming operator in the regulated Italian leisure betting market offering gaming services, including a variety of lottery, casino gaming and sports betting products through two distribution channels: an online channel and a land-based retail channel. Additionally, the Company is a global gaming technology company (known as a “Provider”), which owns and operates a betting software designed with a unique “distributed model” (“shop-client”) software architecture colloquially named Elys Game Board (the “Platform”). The Platform is a fully integrated “omni-channel” framework that combines centralized technology for updating, servicing and operations with multi-channel functionality to accept all forms of customer payment through the two distribution channels described above. The omni-channel software design is fully integrated with a built-in player gaming account management system and sports book.

 

The Company and its subsidiaries are as follows:

 

Name  Acquisition date  Domicile  Functional Currency
          
Newgioco Group, Inc.  Parent Company  USA  US Dollar
Multigioco Srl (“Multigioco”)  August 15, 2014  Italy  Euro
Rifa Srl (“Rifa”)  January 1, 2015  Italy  Euro
Ulisse GmbH (“Ulisse”)  July 1, 2016  Austria  Euro
Odissea Betriebsinformatik Beratung GmbH (“Odissea”)  July 1, 2016  Austria  Euro
Virtual Generation Limited (“VG”)  January 31, 2019  Malta  Euro
Naos Holdings limited (“Naos”)  January 31, 2019  Malta  Euro
Newgioco Group Inc. (“NG Canada”)  January 17, 2017  Canada  Canadian Dollar
Elys Technology Group Limited (“Elys”)  April 4, 2019  Malta  Euro
Newgioco Colombia SAS  November 22, 2019  Colombia  Colombian Peso

 

The Company operates in two lines of business: (i) provider of certified betting Platform software services to leisure betting establishments in Italy and 11 other countries and; (ii) the operating of web based as well as land based leisure betting establishments situated throughout Italy. The Company’s operations are carried out through the following three geographically organized groups:

 

  a) an operational group is based in Europe and maintains administrative offices headquartered in Rome, Italy with satellite offices for operations administration in Naples and Teramo, Italy and San Gwann, Malta;
  b) a technology group which is based in Innsbruck, Austria and manages software development, training and administration; and
  c) a corporate group which is based in North America and operates out of our principal executive offices in Toronto, Canada and satellite offices in the USA in Fort Lauderdale and Boca Raton, Florida, through which we carry-out corporate activities, handle day-to-day reporting and U.S. development planning, and through which various independent contractors and vendors are engaged.

 

2.Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

a)Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”).

 

All amounts referred to in the notes to the consolidated financial statements are in United States Dollars ($) unless stated otherwise.

 

b)Principles of consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries, all of which are wholly-owned. All significant inter-company transactions are eliminated upon consolidation.

 

Certain items in the prior periods were reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.

 

All amounts referred to in the Notes to the consolidated financial statements are in United States Dollars ($) unless stated otherwise.

 

F-7

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

2.Accounting Policies and Estimates (continued)

  

c)Foreign operations

 

The Company translated the assets and liabilities of its foreign subsidiaries into US Dollars at the exchange rate in effect at year end and the results of operations and cash flows at the average rate throughout the year. The translation adjustments are recorded directly as a separate component of stockholders’ equity, while transaction gains (losses) are included in net income (loss).

 

All revenues were generated in Euro during the years presented.

 

Gains and losses from foreign currency transactions are recognized in current operations.

 

d)Business Combinations

 

The Company allocates the fair value of purchase consideration to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values. The excess of the fair value of purchase consideration over the fair values of these identifiable assets and liabilities is recorded as goodwill.

 

Such valuations require management to make significant estimates and assumptions, especially with respect to intangible assets. Significant estimates in valuing certain intangible assets include, but are not limited to, future expected cash flows from acquired users, acquired technology, and trade names from a market participant perspective, useful lives and discount rates. Management's estimates of fair value are based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable, but which are inherently uncertain and unpredictable and, as a result, actual results may differ from estimates.

 

e)Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates. These estimates and assumptions include valuing equity securities issued in share-based payment arrangements, determining the fair value of assets acquired, allocation of purchase price, impairment of long-lived assets, the collectability of receivables, leasing arrangements, convertible debentures, contingencies and the value of deferred taxes and related valuation allowances. Certain estimates, including evaluating the collectability of receivables and advances, could be affected by external conditions, including those unique to the Company’s industry and general economic conditions. It is possible that these external factors could have an effect on the Company’s estimates that could cause actual results to differ from the Company’s estimates. The Company re-evaluates all of its accounting estimates at least quarterly based on these conditions and records adjustments when necessary.

 

f)Loss Contingencies

 

The Company may be subject to claims, suits, government investigations, and other proceedings involving competition and antitrust, intellectual property, privacy, indirect taxes, labor and employment, commercial disputes, content generated by our users, goods and services offered by advertisers or publishers using the Company’s website platforms, and other matters. Certain of these matters include speculative claims for substantial or indeterminate amounts of damages. The Company records a liability when it believes that it is both probable that a loss has been incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated. If the Company determines that a loss is possible, and a range of the loss can be reasonably estimated, it discloses the range of the possible loss in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

The Company evaluates, on a regular basis, developments in its legal matters that could affect the amount of liability that has been previously accrued, and the matters and related ranges of possible losses disclosed and makes adjustments and changes to our disclosures as appropriate. Significant judgment is required to determine both likelihood of there being and the estimated amount of a loss related to such matters. Until the final resolution of such matters, there may be an exposure to loss in excess of the amount recorded, and such amounts could be material. Should any of the Company’s estimates and assumptions change or prove to have been incorrect, it could have a material impact on its business, consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

To date, none of these types of litigation matters, most of which are typically covered by insurance, has had a material impact on the Company’s operations or financial condition. The Company has insured and continues to insure against most of these types of claims.

  

F-8

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

2.Accounting Policies and Estimates (continued)

 

g)Fair Value Measurements

 

ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement and Disclosures, defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. This topic also establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires classification based on observable and unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. There are three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices that are observable, either directly or indirectly. These include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets and quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.

 

Level 3: Unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore developed using estimates and assumptions developed by us, which reflect those that a market participant would use.

 

The carrying value of the Company's accounts receivables, gaming accounts receivable, lines of credit - bank, accounts payable, gaming accounts payable and bank loans payable approximate fair value because of the short-term maturity of these financial instruments.

 

h)Derivative Financial Instruments

 

ASC 815 generally provides three criteria that, if met, require companies to bifurcate conversion options from their host instruments and account for them as free standing derivative financial instruments. These three criteria include circumstances in which (a) the economic characteristics and risks of the embedded derivative instrument are not clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract, (b) the hybrid instrument that embodies both the embedded derivative instrument and the host contract is not re-measured at fair value under otherwise applicable generally accepted accounting principles with changes in fair value reported in earnings as they occur and (c) a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative instrument would be considered a derivative instrument subject to the requirements of ASC 815. ASC 815 also provides an exception to this rule when the host instrument is deemed to be conventional, as described.

 

The Company determined that the conversion feature of the convertible debt did not qualify as a derivative liability and is not bifurcated from the host instrument but contains a beneficial conversion feature.

 

i)Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments with maturities of three months or less at the time acquired to be cash equivalents. The Company had no cash equivalents as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

The Company primarily places cash balances in the USA with high-credit quality financial institutions located in the United States which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation up to a limit of $250,000 per institution, in Canada which are insured by the Canadian Deposit Insurance Corporation up to a limit of CDN$100,000 per institution, in Italy which is insured by the Italian deposit guarantee fund Fondo Interbancario di Tutela dei Depositi (FITD) up to a limit of €100,000 per institution, and in Germany which is a member of the Deposit Protection Fund of the Association of German Banks (Einlagensicherungsfonds des Bundesverbandes deutscher Banken) up to a limit of €100,000 per institution.

 

j)Gaming Accounts Receivable

 

Gaming accounts receivable represent gaming deposits made by customers to their online gaming accounts either directly by credit card, bank wire, e-wallet or other accepted method through one of our websites or indirectly by cash collected at the cashier of a betting shop but not yet credited to the Company’s bank accounts and subject to normal trade collection terms without discounts. The Company periodically evaluates the collectability of its gaming accounts receivable and considers the need to record or adjust an allowance for doubtful accounts based upon historical collection experience and specific customer information. Actual amounts could vary from the recorded estimates. The Company does not require collateral to support customer receivables. The Company recorded a bad debt expense of $163,942 and $0 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. All balances previously recorded as allowance for doubtful accounts were written off as uncollectible.

 

F-9

 

 
 

 

2.Accounting Policies and Estimates (continued)

 

k)Gaming Accounts Payable

 

Gaming accounts payable represent customer balances, including winnings and deposits, that are held as credits in online gaming accounts and have not as of yet been used or withdrawn by the customers. Customers can request payment of winnings from the Company at any time and the payment to customers can be made through bank wire, credit card, or cash disbursement from one of our locations. Online gaming account credit balances are non-interest bearing.

 

l)Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company evaluates the carrying value of its long-lived assets for impairment by comparing the expected undiscounted future cash flows of the assets to the net book value of the assets when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of a long-lived asset may not be recoverable. If the expected undiscounted future cash flows are less than the net book value of the assets, the excess of the net book value over the estimated fair value will be charged to earnings.

 

Fair value is based upon discounted cash flows of the assets at a rate deemed reasonable for the type of asset and prevailing market conditions, appraisals, and, if appropriate, current estimated net sales proceeds from pending offers.’’

 

m)Property, Plant and Equipment

 

Plant and equipment is stated at acquisition cost less accumulated depreciation and adjustments for impairment losses. Expenditures are capitalized only when they increase the future economic benefits embodied in an item of plant and equipment. All other expenditures are recognized as expenses in the statement of operations as incurred.

 

Depreciation is charged on a straight-line basis over the estimated remaining useful lives of the individual assets. Amortization commences from the time an asset is put into operation. The range of the estimated useful lives is as follows:

 

Description  

Useful Life

(in years)

     
Leasehold improvements   Life of the underlying lease
Computer and office equipment   3 to5
Furniture and fittings   7 to 10
Computer Software   3 to 5
Vehicles   4 to 5

 

n)Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets are stated at acquisition cost less accumulated amortization, if applicable, less any adjustments for impairment losses.

 

Amortization is charged on a straight-line basis over the estimated remaining useful lives of the individual intangibles. Where intangibles are deemed to be impaired the Company recognizes an impairment loss measured as the difference between the estimated fair value of the intangible and its book value.

 

The range of the estimated useful lives is as follows:

 

Description  

Useful Life

(in years)

     
Betting Platform Software   15
Ulisse Bookmaker License   Indefinite
Multigioco and Rifa ADM Licenses   1.5 - 7
Location contracts   5 - 7
Customer relationships   10 - 15
Trademarks/Tradenames   14
Websites   5

 

The Ulisse Bookmaker has no expiration date and is therefore not amortized.

 

F-10

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

o)Goodwill

 

The Company allocates the fair value of purchase consideration to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values. The excess of the fair value of purchase consideration over the fair values of these identifiable assets and liabilities is recorded as goodwill.

 

Such valuations require management to make significant estimates and assumptions, especially with respect to intangible assets. Significant estimates in valuing certain intangible assets include, but are not limited to, future expected cash flows from acquired users, acquired technology, and trade names from a market participant perspective, useful lives and discount rates. Management's estimates of fair value are based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable, but which are inherently uncertain and unpredictable and, as a result, actual results may differ from estimates.

 

The Company annually assesses whether the carrying value of its goodwill exceeds its fair value and, if necessary, records an impairment loss equal to any such excess. Each interim reporting period, the Company assesses whether events or circumstances have occurred which indicate that the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds its fair value. If the carrying amount of the goodwill exceeds its fair value, an asset impairment charge will be recognized in an amount equal to that excess.

 

In terms of ASC 350, the Company skipped the requirement to perform a qualitative assessment and performed a quantitative assessment on its goodwill and other intangible assets as of December 31, 2019, concluding that no impairment was considered necessary.

 

p)Income Taxes

 

The Company uses the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes in accordance with ASC Topic 740, “Income Taxes.” Under this method, income tax expense is recognized for the amount of: (i) taxes payable or refundable for the current year and (ii) deferred tax consequences of temporary differences resulting from matters that have been recognized in an entity's financial statements or tax returns. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the results of operations in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is provided to reduce the deferred tax assets reported if based on the weight of the available positive and negative evidence, it is more likely than not some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.

 

ASC Topic 740-10-30 clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise's financial statements and prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. ASC Topic 740.10.40 provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition. The Company has no material uncertain tax positions for any of the reporting periods presented.

 

In Italy, tax years beginning 2015 forward, are open and subject to examination, while in Austria companies are open and subject to inspection for five years and ten years for inspection of serious infractions. In the United States and Canada, tax years beginning 2015 forward, are subject to examination. The Company is not currently under examination and it has not been notified of a pending examination.

 

q)Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue when control of its products and services is transferred to its customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to receive from its customers in exchange for those products and services. Revenues from sports-betting, casino, cash and skill games, slots, bingo and horse race wagers represent the gross pay-ins (also referred to as turnover) from customers less gaming taxes and payouts to customers. Revenues are recorded when the game is closed which is representative of the point in time at which the Company has satisfied its performance obligation. In addition, the Company receives commissions from the sale of scratch tickets and other lottery games. Commissions are recorded when the ticket for scratch off tickets and lottery tickets are sold.

 

Revenues from the Betting Platform include software licensing fees, training, installation, and product support services. The Company does not sell its proprietary software. Revenue is recognized when transfer of control to the customer has been made and the Company’s performance obligation has been fulfilled. License fees are calculated as a percentage of each licensee’s level of activity and are contingent upon the licensee’s usage. The license fees are recognized on an accrual basis as earned.

 

F-11

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

2.Accounting Policies and Estimates (continued)

 

r)Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company records its compensation expense associated with stock options and other forms of equity compensation based on their fair value at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Stock-based compensation includes amortization related to stock option awards based on the estimated grant date fair value. Stock-based compensation expense related to stock options is recognized ratably over the vesting period of the option. In addition, the Company records expense related to Restricted Stock Units (“RSU’s”) granted based on the fair value of those awards on the grant date. The fair value related to the RSUs is amortized to expense over the vesting term of those awards. Forfeitures of stock options and RSUs are recognized as they occur.

 

Stock-based compensation expense for a stock-based award with a performance condition is recognized when the achievement of such performance condition is determined to be probable. If the outcome of such performance condition is not determined to be probable or is not met, no compensation expense is recognized and any previously recognized compensation expense is reversed.

 

s)Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

Comprehensive income (loss) is defined as the change in equity of a business enterprise during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances from non-owner sources, including foreign currency translation adjustments.

 

t)Earnings Per Share

 

Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 260, “Earnings Per Share” provides for calculation of “basic” and “diluted” earnings per share. Basic earnings per share includes no dilution and is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to common shareholders by the weighted average common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per share reflects the dilutive impact on the number of shares outstanding should they be exercised. Securities that have the potential to dilute shareholder's interests include unexercised stock options and warrants as well as unconverted debentures.

 

On December 12, 2019, the Company effected an 1 for 8 reverse stock split, all references made to share or per share amounts in the accompanying consolidated financial statements and applicable disclosures have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the reverse stock split.

 

u)Related Parties

 

Parties are considered to be related to the Company if the parties directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, control, are controlled by, or are under common control with the Company. Related parties also include principal owners of the Company, its management, members of the immediate families of principal owners of the Company and its management and other parties with which the Company may deal if one party controls or can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the other to an extent that one of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests. The Company discloses all related party transactions. All transactions are recorded at fair value of the goods or services exchanged.

 

v)Adoption of Accounting Standards

 

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FSAB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”), No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (ASC 842)

 

The amendments in this update establishes a comprehensive new lease accounting model. The new standard: (a) clarifies the definition of a lease; (b) requires a dual approach to lease classification similar to current lease classifications; and (c) causes lessees to recognize leases on the balance sheet as a lease liability with a corresponding right-of-use asset for leases with a lease-term of more than twelve months. The new standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, including a number of optional practical expedients that entities may elect to apply. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements, an update which provides another transition method, the prospective transition method, which allows entities to initially apply the new lease standard at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2019 using the prospective transition method.

 

F-12

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

2.Accounting Policies and Estimates (continued)

 

The Company has identified all material leases and reviewed the leases to determine the impact of ASC 842 on its consolidated financial statements. The Company has elected to apply all of the practical expedients to all leases, which include not reassessing (1) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases, (2) lease classification for any expired or existing leases, and (3) initial direct costs for any existing leases. The adoption of the new standard resulted in; (i) the recording of a right-of-use asset of $646,138 and an operating lease liability of $617,352 on the consolidated balance sheet with effect from January 1, 2019 utilizing implicit borrowing rates where available and incremental borrowing rates where rates were not readily available. The right of use asset and operating lease liability are subsequently amortized. No cumulative effect adjustment to opening retained earnings was made as the amounts are immaterial.

 

w)Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): “Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments,” which replaces the incurred loss methodology with an expected credit loss methodology that is referred to as the current expected credit loss (CECL) methodology. ASU 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The amendments in this update are required to be applied using the modified retrospective method with an adjustment to accumulated deficit and are effective for the Company beginning with fiscal year 2020, including interim periods. The measurement of expected credit losses under the CECL methodology is applicable to financial assets measured at amortized cost, including loan receivables and held-to-maturity debt securities. An entity with trade receivables will be required to use historical loss information, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts to determine expected lifetime credit losses. Pooling of assets with similar risk characteristics is also required.

 

The Company adopted ASU 2016-13 on January 1, 2020 on a modified retrospective basis, and is currently evaluating the impact of adoption of the amendments in these updates, which are not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, and related disclosures.

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740), the Amendments in this update reduce the complexity in accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to accounting for income taxes and deferred taxes and simplifying the accounting treatment of franchise taxes, a step up in the tax basis of goodwill as part of business combinations, the allocation of current and deferred tax to a legal entity not subject to tax in its own financial statements, reflecting changes in tax laws or rates in the annual effective rate in interim periods that include the enactment date and minor codification improvements.

 

This ASU is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2020.

 

The effects of this ASU on the Company’s financial statements is not considered to be material.

 

The FASB issued several updates during the period, none of these standards are either applicable to the Company or require adoption at a future date and none are expected to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements upon adoption.

 

x)Reporting by segment

 

The Company has two operating segments from which it derives revenue. These segments are:

 

(i)provider of certified betting Platform software services to leisure betting establishments in Italy and 11 other countries and;
(ii)the operating of web based as well as land based leisure betting establishments situated throughout Italy.

 

y)Comparatives

 

Certain items in the prior year were reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on net loss or comprehensive loss.

F-13

 

 
 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

3.Acquisition of subsidiaries

 

Ulisse GmbH (“Ulisse”) Acquisition

 

On June 30, 2016, the Company entered into a Share Exchange Agreement (“Ulisse SPA”), which closed on July 1, 2016, with the shareholders of Ulisse organized under the laws of Austria. Ulisse operates a network of approximately 170 land-based agency locations. Pursuant to the agreement, the Company issued 416,400 shares of common stock in consideration for 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of Ulisse.

 

Pursuant to the Ulisse SPA, the purchase price was subject to an adjustment equal to two times earnings before income taxes calculated on a pro rata basis from the closing date upon completion of the license tender auction held by the Italian gaming regulator, Agenzia delle Dogane e dei Monopoli (“ADM”). The sellers were also permitted to exercise the option to resell to the Company 50% of the shares of common stock (or 208,200 shares) issued in consideration for the purchase price at a fixed price of $4.00 per share (the “Ulisse Put Option”).

 

On May 31, 2018, the Company and Ulisse mutually agreed to exercise the Ulisse Put Option in lieu of completion of the ADM license tender auction. The Company repurchased and retired the shares issued in June 2016 with a purchase price adjustment to 10 million Euros (approximately $11.7 million). The purchase price adjustment was paid half in cash of €5 million (approximately $5.85 million) and the Company issued 591,950 shares of common stock to the sellers on May 31, 2018 to settle the balance of the purchase price adjustment at a closing price of $9.44 per share on May 31, 2018

 

Multigioco Acquisition

 

On May 31, 2018, the Company and Multigioco mutually agreed to exercise the option to repurchase the shares issued to the shareholders of Multigioco at the closing of the acquisition of Multigioco on August 15, 2014 (“Multigioco Put Option”). The Company repurchased and retired the balance of 255,000 shares issued to the Multigioco sellers in exchange for €510,000 (approximately $595,000).

 

Virtual Generation Limited (“VG”) Acquisition

 

On January 30, 2019, the Company entered into a Share Exchange Agreement (“VG SPA”), with the shareholders of Virtual Generation (“VG”) organized under the laws of Republic of Malta (the “Sellers”) and acquired all of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of VG., together with all the ordinary shares of Naos Holding Limited, a company organized under the laws of Republic of Malta (“Naos”) that owned 3,999 of the 4,000 issued and outstanding ordinary shares of VG. VG owns and has developed a virtual gaming software platform.

 

Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, on the Closing Date, the Company agreed to pay the Sellers the previously agreed to consideration of €4,000,000 ($4,576,352) in consideration for all the ordinary shares of VG and Naos, on the Closing Date as follows:

 

  (i) a cash payment of €108,000;
  (ii) the issuance of shares of the Company’s common stock valued at €89,000; and
  (iii)

the delivery of a non-interest bearing promissory note of €3,803,000, providing for the payment of:

(a) an aggregate of €2,392,000 in cash in 23 equal and consecutive monthly instalments of €104,000 with the first such payment due and payable on the date that was one month after the Closing Date; and

(b) an aggregate of €1,411,000 in shares of the Company’s common stock in 17 equal and consecutive monthly instalments of €83,000 as determined by the average of the closing prices of such shares on the last 10 trading days immediately preceding the determination date of each monthly issuance, which issuances commenced on March 1, 2019.

 

The €3,803,000 promissory note was originally recorded as a liability owing to related parties of €1,521,200 (Note 15) and to third parties of €2,281,800 (Note 12).

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement that the Company entered into with VG, the Company agreed to pay the sellers of VG an earnout payment in shares of our common stock equal to an aggregate amount of €500,000 (approximately $561,500), if the amounts of bets made by users of the VG platform grew by more than 5% for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to the year ended December 31, 2018, based on the 18,449,380 tickets sold in 2019 the VG Sellers have qualified for the earnout payment. The earnout payment was considered remote at the time of entering into the transaction and was not recorded as a component of deferred purchase consideration, accordingly it has been expensed through the statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

F-14

 

 
 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

3.Acquisition of subsidiaries (continued)

 

Virtual Generation Limited (“VG”) Acquisition (continued)

 

In terms of the agreement, the purchase price was allocated to the fair market value of tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed, as follows:

 

    Amount
Purchase consideration, net of discount of $382,778   $ 4,193,375  
         
Fair value of assets acquired        
Cash     47,268  
Current assets     178,181  
Property, Plant and Equipment     41,473  
Betting Platform     4,004,594  
      4,271,516  
Less: liabilities assumed     (78,141 )
Less: Imputed Deferred taxation on identifiable intangible acquired (Betting platform)     (1,401,608 )
         
Total identifiable assets less liabilities assumed     2,791,767  
Goodwill arising on acquisition     1,401,608  
Total purchase consideration   $ 4,193,375  

 

The Betting Platform value was determined by management, based on prior experience, and is being amortized over a period of 15 years, the expected useful life.

 

4.Restricted Cash

 

Restricted cash consists of the following:

 

·cash held in a segregated bank account at Intesa Sanpaolo Bank S.p.A. (“Intesa Sanpaolo Bank”) as collateral against a bank loan with Intesa Sanpaolo Bank for Multigioco as well as Wirecard Bank as a security deposit for Ulisse betting operations.

 

·The Company maintains a $1,000,000 deposit at Metropolitan Commercial bank held as security against a $1,000,000 line of credit. See Note 10.

 

5.Plant and equipment


  

December 31,

2019

 

December 31,

2018

   Cost  Accumulated depreciation  Net book
value
  Net book
value
             
Leasehold improvements  $47,291   $(14,886)  $32,405   $8,038 
Computer and office equipment   835,793    (522,969)   312,824    258,448 
Fixtures and fittings   135,869    (78,271)   57,598    62,795 
Vehicles   98,115    (25,589)   72,526    88,262 
Computer software   125,831    (80,459)   45,372    58,504 
   $1,242,899   $(722,174)  $520,725   $476,047 

 

The aggregate depreciation charge to operations was $283,497 and $228,715 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The depreciation policies followed by the Company are described in Note 2.

 

 

F-15

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

6.Leases

 

Adoption of ASC Topic 842, “Leases”

 

On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted Topic 842 using the modified retrospective method applied to leases that were in place as of January 1, 2019. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2019 are presented under Topic 842, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with the Company’s historic accounting under Topic 840. The Company’s portfolio of leases contains both finance and operating leases that relate to real estate agreements, vehicles and office equipment agreements.

 

Practical Expedients and Elections

 

The Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance, which allowed the Company to carryforward its historical lease classification, the Company’s assessment on whether a contract is or contains a lease, and its initial direct costs for any leases that exist prior to adoption of the new standard. The Company also elected to combine lease and non-lease components on the office equipment leases and elected the short-term lease recognition exemption for all leases that qualify.

 

Discount Rate

 

To determine the present value of minimum future lease payments for leases at January 1, 2019, the Company was required to use the rate implicit in the lease unless the rate is not determinable then a rate of interest that it would have to pay to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term an amount equal to the lease payments in a similar economic environment (the “incremental borrowing rate” or “IBR”).

 

Operating leases

 

Property and vehicle leases

 

The Company determined the rate implicit in the lease or an IBR where that rate was not determinable. The Company used country specific rates based on the country the assets are located in.

 

·Property leases

 

The Company determined that rates ranging from 2.12% to 4.5% were appropriate discount rates to apply to its real-estate operating leases.

 

The Company entered into new real estate operating leases during the current period and determined an appropriate discount rate to apply to its operating leases was 2.12%.

 

·Vehicle leases

 

The Company determined that appropriate discount rates to apply to its vehicle operating leases ranged from 5.1% to 6.7%.

 

Finance leases

 

Computer and office equipment leases

 

The Company has financed several items of computer and office equipment through vendor financing. The discount rates for finance leases ranged from 2.5% to 4.2%.

 

F-16

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

6.Leases (continued)

 

Right of use assets

 

Upon adoption of ASC 842, effective January 1, 2019, the Company recorded a right of use asset for operating leases of $646,138.

 

Right of use assets are included in the consolidated balance sheet are as follows:

 

   December 31, 2019
    
Non-Current assets     
Right-of-use assets - operating leases, net of amortization  $792,078 
Right-of-use assets – finance leases, net of amortization (included in plant and equipment)  $37,091 

 

Lease costs consists of the following:

 

   Year ended December 31, 2019
    
Finance lease cost:  $13,292 
Amortization of right-of-use assets   11,890 
Interest expense on lease liabilities   1,402 
      
Operating lease cost   210,881 
      
Total lease cost  $224,173 

 

Other lease information:

 

   Year ended December 31, 2019
    
    
    
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities     
Operating cash flows from finance leases  $(1,252)
Operating cash flows from operating leases   (210,881)
Financing cash flows from finance leases   (11,371)
      
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new finance leases   14,989 
Right-of-use assets disposed of under operating leases prior to lease maturity   (81,263)
Right-of -use assets obtained in exchange for new operating leases  $442,281 
      
Weighted average remaining lease term – finance leases   3.46 years 
Weighted average remaining lease term – operating leases   3.74 years 
      
Weighted average discount rate – finance leases   3.52%
Weighted average discount rate – operating leases   3.42%
      

Maturity of Leases

 

Finance lease liability

 

The amount of future minimum lease payments under finance leases are as follows:

 

F-17

 

 
 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

6.Leases (continued)

  

   Amount
    
 2020   $13,611 
 2021    10,413 
 2022    8,431 
 2023    6,560 
 2024    802 
 Total undiscounted minimum future lease payments    39,967 
 Imputed interest    (2,466)
 Total finance lease liability   $37,501 
        
 Disclosed as:      
 Current portion   $12,476 
 Non-Current portion    25,025 
     $37,501 

 

Operating lease liability

 

The amount of future minimum lease payments under operating leases are as follows:

 

   Amount
    
2020  $222,497 
2021   214,693 
2022   180,470 
2023   150,570 
2024 and beyond   28,741 
Total undiscounted minimum future lease payments   796,971 
Imputed interest   (47,358)
      
Total operating lease liability  $749,613 
      
Disclosed as:     
Current portion  $200,866 
Non-Current portion   548,747 
   $749,613 

 

7.Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets consist of the following:

 

  

December 31,

2019

 

December 31,

2018

   Cost  Accumulated depreciation  Net book
value
  Net book
value
             
Betting platform software  $5,689,965   $(637,320)  $5,052,645   $1,405,134 
Licenses   10,694,227    (764,732)   9,929,495    10,037,980 
Location contracts   1,000,000    (768,688)   231,312    374,169 
Customer relationships   870,927    (301,227)   569,700    630,161 
Trademarks   116,175    (42,300)   73,875    75,583 
Websites   40,000    (40,000)   —      4,953 
   $18,411,294   $(2,554,267)  $15,857,027   $12,527,980 

 

F-18

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

  

7.Intangible Assets (continued)

 

The Company evaluates intangible assets for impairment on an annual basis during the last month of each year and at an interim date if indications of impairment exist. Intangible asset impairment is determined by comparing the fair value of the asset to its carrying amount with an impairment being recognized only when the fair value is less than carrying value and the impairment is deemed to be permanent in nature.

 

The Company recorded $771,665 and $468,551 in amortization expense for finite-lived assets for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Licenses obtained by the Company in the acquisitions of Multigioco and Rifa include a Gioco a Distanza (“GAD”) online license as well as a Bersani and Monti land-based licenses issued by the Italian gaming regulator to Multigioco and Rifa, respectively, as well as an Austrian Bookmaker License through the acquisition of Ulisse.

 

The Company believes that the carrying amounts of its intangible assets are recoverable. However, if adverse events were to occur or circumstances were to change indicating that the carrying amount of such assets may not be fully recoverable, the assets would be reviewed for impairment and the assets may be impaired.

 

8.Goodwill

 

    December 31, 2019   December 31, 2018
         
Opening balance   $ 262,552     $ 260,318  
Acquisition of Virtual Generation     1,401,608        
Impairment charge            
Foreign exchange movements     (775 )     2,234  
Closing balance   $ 1,663,385     $ 262,552  

 

Goodwill represents the excess purchase price paid over the fair value of assets acquired, including any other identifiable intangible assets.

 

On January 30, 2019, the Company acquired Virtual Generation Limited, as disclosed in Note 3 above. The goodwill on acquisition arose as the Proceeds paid on acquisition exceeded the fair value of the identifiable assets less assumed liabilities and imputed deferred tax liabilities on identifiable intangible assets by $1,401,608.

 

The Company evaluates goodwill for impairment on an annual basis during the last month of each year and at an interim date if indications of impairment exist. Goodwill impairment is determined by comparing the fair value of the asset to its carrying amount with an impairment being recognized only when the fair value is less than carrying value and the impairment is deemed to be permanent in nature.

  

9.Marketable Securities

 

Investments in marketable securities consists of 2,500,000 shares of Zoompass Holdings (“Zoompass”) and is accounted for at fair value, with changes recognized in earnings.

 

 

On December 31, 2019, the shares of Zoompass were last quoted at $0.071 per share on the OTC market, resulting in an unrealized loss recorded to earnings related to these securities of $97,500 and $75,000 for the years ended December 31, 2019, and 2018 respectively.

 

 

10.Line of Credit - Bank

 

The Company maintains a $1,000,000 secured revolving line of credit from Metropolitan Commercial Bank in New York, which bears a fixed rate of interest of 3.00% on the outstanding balance with an interest only monthly minimum payment, no maturity or due date and is secured by a $1,000,000 security deposit, see Note 4.

 

 

F-19

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

11.Convertible Debentures

 

On February 26, 2018, the Company issued debenture units to certain accredited investors (the “February 2018 Private Placement”). Each debenture unit was comprised of (i) a debenture in the principal amount of CDN $1,000 bearing interest at a rate of 10% per annum, with a maturity date of two years from the date of issuance, (ii) warrants to purchase up to 31.25 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to the lesser of $5.00 or 125% of the proposed initial Canadian public offering price per warrant, expiring on February 25, 2020, and (iii) 20 shares of restricted common stock. The investors in the February 2018 Private Placement purchased an aggregate principal amount of CDN $670,000 ($521,900) debentures and received warrants to purchase up to 20,938 shares of the Company’s common stock and 13,875 shares of common stock. As a result of the lower debenture conversion price and the warrant exercise price of the May 31, 2018 Private Placement described below, the whole or any part of the principal amount of the February 2018 Private Placement debentures plus any accrued and unpaid interest may be converted into shares of the Company’s common stock at a price equal to $3.20 per share and the warrants can be exercised at a price equal to $4.00 per share.

 

In April 2018, the Company issued debenture units to certain investors (the “April 2018 Private Placement”). Each debenture unit was comprised of (i) a debenture in the principal amount of CDN $1,000 bearing interest at a rate of 10% per annum, with a maturity date of two years from the date of issuance, (ii) warrants to purchase up to 31.25 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to the lesser of $5.00 or 125% of the proposed initial Canadian public offering price per warrant, expiring in April 2020, and (iii) 20 shares of restricted common stock. The investors in the April 2018 Private Placement purchased an aggregate principal amount of CDN $135,000 ($105,200) debentures and received warrants to purchase up to 4,218.75 shares of the Company’s common stock and 2,700 shares of restricted common stock. As a result of the lower debenture conversion price and the warrant exercise price of the May 31, 2018 Private Placement described below, the whole or any part of the principal amount of the April 2018 Private Placement debentures plus any accrued and unpaid interest may be converted into shares of the Company’s common stock at a price equal to $3.20 per share and the warrants can be exercised at a price equal to $4.00 per share.

 

On April 19, 2018, the Company re-issued debenture units that were first issued to certain investors between January 24, 2017 and January 31, 2018 in order to simplify the various debentures into a single series with the same terms as new convertible debenture units issued on February 26, 2018 (the “April 19, 2018 Debentures”). Each debenture unit was comprised of (i) a debenture in the principal amount of CDN $1,000 bearing interest at a rate of 10% per annum, with a maturity date of two years from the date of issuance, (ii) warrants to purchase up to 31.25 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to the lesser of $5.00 or 125% of the proposed initial Canadian public offering price per warrant, expiring on April 19, 2020, and (iii) 20 shares of restricted common stock. The investors in the April 19, 2018 Private Placement received an aggregate principal amount of CDN $1,436,000 ($1,118,600) debentures, warrants to purchase up to 44,875 shares of the Company’s common stock and 28,720 restricted shares of common stock. As a result of the lower debenture conversion price and the warrant exercise price of the May 31, 2018 Private Placement described below, the whole or any part of the principal amount of the April 19, 2018 Debentures plus any accrued and unpaid interest may be converted into shares of the Company’s common stock at a price equal to $3.20 per share and the warrants can be exercised at a price equal to $4.00 per share.

 

On May 11, 2018, the Company issued debenture units to certain investors (the “May 11, 2018 Private Placement”). Each debenture unit was comprised of (i) a debenture in the principal amount of CDN $1,000 bearing interest at a rate of 10% per annum, with a maturity date of two years from the date of issuance, (ii) warrants to purchase up to 31.25 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to the lesser of $5.00 or 125% of the proposed initial Canadian public offering price per warrant, expiring on May 11, 2020, and (iii) 20 shares of restricted common stock. The investors in the May 11, 2018 Private Placement purchased an aggregate principal amount of CDN $131,000 ($102,000) debentures and received warrants to purchase up to 4,093.75 shares of the Company’s common stock and 2,620 restricted shares of common stock. As a result of the lower debenture conversion price and the warrant exercise price of the May 31, 2018 Private Placement described below, the whole or any part of the principal amount of the May 11, 2018 Private Placement plus any accrued and unpaid interest may be converted into shares of the Company’s common stock at a price equal to $3.20 per share and the warrants can be exercised at a price equal to $4.00 per share.

 

On May 31, 2018, the Company closed a private placement offering of up to 7,500 units and entered into Subscription Agreements (the “Agreements”) with certain accredited investors (the “May 31, 2018 Private Placement”). The units were offered in both U.S. and Canadian dollar denominations. Each unit sold to U.S. investors was sold at a per unit price of $1,000 and was comprised of (i) a 10% convertible debenture in the principal amount of $1,000 (the “U.S. Debentures”) maturing on May 31, 2020, (ii) 26 shares of our common stock and (ii) warrants to purchase up to 135.25 shares of the Company’s common stock (the “U.S. Warrants”). Each unit sold to Canadian investors was sold at a per unit price of CND $1,000 and was comprised of (i) a 10% convertible debenture in the principal amount of CND $1,000 (the “Canadian Debentures” and together with the U.S. Debentures, the “May Debentures”), (ii) 20 shares of our common stock and (ii) warrants to purchase up to 104.06 shares of our common stock (the “Canadian Warrants” and together with the U.S. Warrants, the “May Warrants”).

 

The May 31, 2018 Warrants are exercisable at an exercise price of $4.00 per share and expire on May 31, 2020.

 

The accounting treatment relating to the convertible debentures issued was in accordance with the guidance in ASC 480 and ASC 815.

 

F-20

 

 
 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

11.Convertible Debentures (continued)

  

The proceeds received from the convertible debentures were; (i) net of finders fees issued to certain brokers; (ii) in addition, the Company issued shares of common stock to the convertible debenture holders; as well as (iii) certain two year warrants exercisable for shares of common stock at an exercise price of $4.00 per share; (iv) in conjunction with the finders fees paid, the Company also issued warrants to certain brokers on the same terms and conditions as the warrants issued to the convertible debenture holders; and (v) the convertible debentures are convertible into shares of common stock at a conversion price of $3.20 per share.

 

The accounting treatment of the above is as follows:

 

(i)The convertible debentures were recorded at gross value;
(ii)The cash fee paid to the brokers was $427,314 and the fair value of the warrants issued to the brokers were valued at fair value as described in (iv) below and were recorded as a debt discount against the gross value of the convertible debentures;
(iii)The shares of common stock issued to the convertible debenture holders were valued at $582,486, the market price of the common stock on the date of issue and were recorded as debt discount against the gross value of the convertible debt;
(iv)The warrants issued to the convertible debenture holders and brokers were valued at $2,929,712 using a Black-Scholes valuation model, the value of the warrants was recorded as a discount against the gross value of the convertible debentures and initially recorded as a derivative liability on the basis of standard anti-dilution language being interpreted as a down round feature, the warrants do not provide for any down round features and subsequent to the initial recording the Company adopted ASU 2017-11 in September 2018 and eliminated the derivative liability;
(v)The conversion feature of the convertible debentures was in-the-money at date of issuance, giving rise to a beneficial conversion feature valued at intrinsic value of $2,585,055.
(vi)The company originally recorded the conversion feature as a derivative liability on the basis that the standard anti-dilution clauses in the convertible debt agreements relating to stock splits and stock mergers amounted to a down-round feature, the convertible debentures do not provide for down round features and accordingly, the Company adopted ASU2017-11 in September 2018 and eliminated the derivative liability.

 

The total debt discount above amounted to $6,524,567 which is being amortized over the two year life of the debentures on a straight line basis.

 

As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company has outstanding, US Dollar convertible debentures of $2,083,000 and $3,268,000, respectively and Canadian Dollar denominated Convertible debentures of CDN$1,794,600 and CDN$6,801,165, respectively.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, investors in Canadian Dollar convertible debentures converted the aggregate principal amount of CDN$5,367,400, including interest thereon of CDN$791,861 and investors in US Dollar convertible debentures converted the aggregate principal amount of $1,185,000, including interest thereon of $133,959, into 1,866,528 shares of common stock.

 

The Aggregate convertible debentures outstanding consists of the following: 

    December 31, 2019   December 31, 2018
Principal Outstanding                
Opening balance   $ 8,529,751     $ 1,610,980  
Additions     —         7,080,308  
Conversion to equity     (5,240,736 )     —    
Foreign exchange movements     175,722       (161,537 )
      3,464,737       8,529,751  
Accrued Interest                
Opening balance     520,523       —    
Interest expense     719,931       520,523  
Conversion to equity     (731,731 )     —    
Foreign exchange movements     15,504        
      524,227       520,523  
Debenture Discount                
Opening balance     (4,587,228 )     (462,872 )
Additions     —         (6,119,484 )
Amortization     3,959,601       1,995,128  
      (627,627 )     (4,587,228 )
Convertible Debentures, net   $ 3,361,337     $ 4,463,046  

 

F-21

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

12.Deferred Purchase Consideration

 

In terms of the acquisition of Virtual Generation on January 31, 2019, disclosed in Note 3 above, the Company issued non-interest bearing promissory notes of €3,803,000 owing to both related parties and non-related parties. The value of the promissory notes payable related parties was €1,521,200 and to non-related parties was €2,281,800.

 

The promissory notes payable to non-related parties are to be settled as follows:

 

  (a) an aggregate of €1,435,200 in cash in 23 equal and consecutive monthly instalments of €62,400 with the first such payment due and payable on the date that was one month after the Closing Date; and
  (b) an aggregate of €846,600 in shares of the Company’s common stock in 17 equal and consecutive monthly instalments of €49,800 as determined by the average of the closing prices of such shares on the last 10 trading days immediately preceding the determination date of each monthly issuance, which issuances commenced on March 1, 2019.

 

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement that the Company entered into with VG, the Company agreed to pay the sellers of VG an earnout payment in shares of our common stock equal to an aggregate amount of €500,000 (approximately $561,500), if the amounts of bets made by users of the VG platform grew by more than 5% for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to the year ended December 31, 2018, based on the 18,449,380 tickets sold in 2019 the VG Sellers have qualified for the earnout payment. The earnout payment was considered remote at the time of entering into the transaction and was not recorded as a component of deferred purchase consideration, accordingly it has been expensed through the statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019. The amount due to the non-related party VG sellers amounts to €300,000 (Approximately $336,810).

 

The future payments on the promissory notes were discounted to present value using the Company’s average cost of funding of 10%. The discount is being amortized over the repayment period of the promissory note using the effective interest rate method.

 

The movement on deferred purchase consideration consists of the following:

 

Description  December 31, 2019
Principal Outstanding     
Promissory note due to non-related parties  $2,745,811 
Additional earnout earned   336,810 
Settled by the issuance of common shares   (616,387)
Repayment in cash   (607,555)
Foreign exchange movements   (56,295)
    1,802,384 
Present value discount on future payments     
Present value discount   (242,089)
Amortization   117,192 
Foreign exchange movements   4,793 
    (120,104)
Deferred purchase consideration, net  $1,682,280 

 

 

 

 

F-22

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

13.Bank Loan Payable

 

In September 2016, the Company obtained a loan of €500,000 (approximately $545,000) from Intesa Sanpaolo Bank in Italy, which loan is secured by the Company's assets. The loan has an underlying interest rate of 4.5% above the Euro Inter Bank Offered Rate, subject to quarterly review and is amortized over 57 months ending March 31, 2021. Monthly repayments of €9,760 began in January 2017.

 

The Company made payments of €117,120 (approximately $131,163) for the year ended December 31, 2019 which included principal of €110,518 (approximately $123,769) and interest of €6,602 approximately $7,394) for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

14.Other Long-term Liabilities

 

Other long-term liabilities represent the Italian “Trattamento di Fine Rapporto” which is a severance amount set up by Italian companies to be paid to employees on termination or retirement as well as shop deposits that are held by Ulisse.

 

Balances of other long-term liabilities were as follows:

 

   December 31, 2019  December 31, 2018
Severance liability  $211,734   $168,706 
Customer deposit balance   407,810    440,021 
   $619,544   $608,727 

 

15.Related Parties

 

Notes Payable, Related Party

 

The Company had three promissory notes entered into in 2015 and 2016 with a related party with an aggregate principal amount outstanding of $318,078. The promissory notes bore interest at 12% to 24% per annum and were due on demand.

 

On September 4, 2019, in terms of an agreement entered into with the note holder, the promissory notes amounting to $318,078 together with interest thereon of $139,383, totaling $457,461 were exchanged for 142,956 shares of common stock.

 

The movement on notes payable, Related Party, consists of the following:

 

   December 31, 2019  December 31, 2018
       
Principal Outstanding          
Opening balance  $318,078   $318,078 
Settled by issuance of common shares   (318,078)   —   
    —      318,078 
Accrued Interest          
Opening balance   113,553    75,384 
Interest expense   25,830    38,169 
Conversion to equity   (139,383)   —   
    —      113,553 
Convertible Debentures, net  $—     $431,631 

 

Deferred Purchase consideration, Related Party

 

In terms of the acquisition of Virtual Generation on January 31, 2019, disclosed in Note 3 above, the Company issued non-interest bearing promissory notes in the principal amount of €3,803,000 owing to both related parties and non-related parties. The value of the promissory notes payable to non-related parties was €2,281,800 and to related parties was €1,521,200.

 

F-23

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

15.Related Parties (continued)

 

Deferred Purchase consideration, Related Party (continued)

 

The related party promissory notes are due to Luca Pasquini, a director and officer of the Company and Gabriele Peroni, an officer of the Company.

 

The promissory notes are to be settled as follows:

 

  (a) an aggregate of €956,800 in cash in 23 equal and consecutive monthly instalments of €41,600 with the first such payment due and payable on the date that is one month after the Closing Date; and
  (b) an aggregate of €564,400 in shares of the Company’s common stock in 17 equal and consecutive monthly instalments of €33,200 as determined by the average of the closing prices of such shares on the last 10 trading days immediately preceding the determination date of each monthly issuance, commencing on March 1, 2019.

  

Pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement that the Company entered into with VG, the Company agreed to pay the sellers of VG an earnout payment in shares of our common stock equal to an aggregate amount of €500,000 (approximately $561,500), if the amounts of bets made by users of the VG platform grew by more than 5% for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to the year ended December 31, 2018, based on the 18,449,380 tickets sold in 2019 the VG Sellers have qualified for the earnout payment. The earnout payment was considered remote at the time of entering into the transaction and was not recorded as a component of deferred purchase consideration, accordingly it has been expensed through the statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019. The amount due to the related party VG sellers amounts to €200,000 (Approximately $224,540).

 

The future payments on the promissory notes were discounted to present value using the Company’s average cost of funding of 10%. The discount is being amortized over the repayment period of the promissory note using the effective interest rate method.

 

The movement on deferred purchase consideration consists of the following:

 

Description  December 31, 2019
Principal Outstanding     
Promissory notes due to related parties  $1,830,541 
Additional earnout earned   224,540 
Settled by the issuance of common shares   (410,925)
Repayment in cash   (328,734)
Foreign exchange movements   (35,992)
    1,279,430 
Present value discount on future payments     
Present value discount   (161,393)
Amortization   78,128 
Foreign exchange movements   3,195 
    (80,069)
Deferred purchase consideration, net  $1,199,361 

 

F-24

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

15.Related Parties (continued)

 

Related party (payables) receivables

 

Related party payables and receivables represent non-interest-bearing (payables) receivables that are due on demand.

 

The balances outstanding are as follows:

 

   December 31, 2019  December 31, 2018
Related Party payables          
           
Gold Street Capital Corp.  $(2,551)  $(39,237)
           
Related Party Receivables          
           
Luca Pasquini  $4,123   $—   

 

Amounts due to Gold Street Capital Corp., the major stockholder of Newgioco Group, are for reimbursement of expenses. The Company paid no management fees and $72,000 in management fees to Gold Street Capital Corp. during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

In January 2018, the Company advanced €100,000 (approximately $116,000) to an officer to cover fees related to an application for a gaming license in Malta, under the name Ulisse Services, Ltd. The advance has been repaid and the gaming license in Malta is still under consideration.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company paid management fees of approximately €480,000 (approximately $549,000) to Ulisse Services, Ltd. to cover office and set-up expenses.

 

Michele Ciavarella

 

On July 5, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Ciavarella, the Chief Executive Officer and chairman of the board and officer of the Company, ten year options to purchase 39,375 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.96 per share.

 

On August 29, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Ciavarella ten year options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.80 per share.

 

On September 4, 2019, Mr. Ciavarella converted $500,000 of accrued salaries into 125,000 shares of common stock at a conversion price of $4 per share.

 

Gold Street Capital

 

Gold Street Capital is wholly owned by Gilda Ciavarella, the spouse of Mr. Ciavarella.

 

On September 4, 2019, the Company issued 15,196 shares of common stock to Gold Street Capital in settlement of $48,508 of advances made to the Company for certain reimbursable expenses.

 

 

 

F-25

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

15.Related Parties (continued)

 

Luca Pasquini

 

On January 31, 2019, the Company acquired Virtual Generation for €4,000,000 (approximately $4,576,352), Mr. Pasquini was a 20% owner of Virtual Generation and was due gross proceeds of €800,000 (approximately $915,270). The gross proceeds of €800,000 was to be settled by a payment in cash of €500,000 over a twelve month period and by the issuance of common stock valued at €300,000 over an eighteen month period. As of December 31, 2019, the Company has paid Mr. Pasquini cash of €125,600 (approximately $141,014) and issued 68,247 shares valued at €183,800 (approximately $205,463).

 

In addition, due to the attainment of an earnout clause per the agreement, a further €500,000 (approximately $561,351) was earned as of December 31, 2019, which earnout is to be settled by the issue of shares of common stock of which Mr. Pasquini’s shares is €100,000 (approximately $112,270).

 

On August 29, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Pasquini, ten year options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.80 per share.

 

Gabriele Peroni

 

On January 31, 2019, the Company acquired Virtual Generation Limited for €4,000,000 (approximately $4,576,352), Mr. Peroni was a 20% owner of Virtual Generation and was due gross proceeds of €800,000 (approximately $915,270). The gross proceeds of €800,000 was to be settled by a payment in cash of €500,000 over a twelve month period and by the issuance of common stock valued at €300,000 over an eighteen month period. As of December 31, 2019, the Company has paid Mr. Peroni cash of €167,200 (approximately $187,720) and issued 68,247 shares valued at €183,800 (approximately $205,463).

 

In addition, due to the attainment of an earnout clause per the agreement, a further €500,000 (approximately $561,351) was earned as of December 31, 2019, which earnout is to be settled by the issue of shares of common stock of which Mr. Peroni’s shares is €100,000 (approximately $112,270).

 

On August 29, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Peroni, ten year options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.80 per share.

 

Franco Salvagni

 

On August 29, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Salvagni, an officer of the Company, ten year options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.80 per share.

 

Beniamino Gianfelici

 

On August 29, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Gianfelici, an officer of the Company, ten year options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.80 per share.

 

Mark Korb

 

On July 1, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Korb, the chief financial officer of the Company, seven year options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.72 per share.

 

Paul Sallwasser

 

On July 5, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Sallwasser, a director of the Company, ten year options to purchase 20,625 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.96 per share.

 

Steven Shallcross

 

On July 5, 2019, the Company issued to Mr. Shallcross, a director of the Company, ten year options to purchase 10,313 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.96 per share.

 

F-26

 

 
 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

16.Stockholders’ Equity

 

The Company issued the following shares of common stock to promissory note holders in terms of the agreement entered into for the acquisition of Virtual Generation, as disclosed in Note 3 above.

 

·On January 31, 2019, 32,450 shares of common stock valued at $101,763;
·On March 1, 2019, 32,848 shares of common stock valued at $101,249;
·On April 1, 2019, 29,975 shares of common stock valued at $86,328;
·On May 1, 2019, 33,105 shares of common stock valued at $93,018;
·On June 1, 2019, 37,256 shares of common stock valued at $92,961;
·On July 1, 2019, 35,751 shares of common stock valued at $93,875;
·On August 1, 2019, 35,048 shares of common stock valued at $91,810;
·On September 1, 2019, 33,353 shares of common stock valued at $91,255;
·On October 1, 2019, 26,285 shares of common stock valued at $90,526
·On November 1, 2019, 28,565 shares of common stock valued at $92,608
·On December 8, 2019, 26,610 shares of common stock valued at $91,922

 

For the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company issued a total of 1,866,528 shares of common stock, valued at $5,972,507, upon the conversion of convertible debentures into equity (Note 11).

 

On April 22, 2019, the Company issued 14,083 shares of common stock, valued at $45,066, to certain convertible debenture holders as an incentive for them to transfer their convertible debentures to another investor.

 

 

Between September 4, 2019 and September 17, 2019, the Company issued 284,721 shares of common stock, valued at $728,884 in settlement of promissory notes amounting to $457,461 and other liabilities amounting to $553,525.

 

 

17.Warrants

 

 

In connection with the convertible debenture agreements entered into with accredited investors in the first and second quarters of 2018, for each $1,000 debenture unit the Company issued two-year warrants to purchase up to 135.28 shares of the Company’s common stock and for each CDN $1,000 debenture unit the Company issued two-year warrants to purchase up to 104.06 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $4.00 per share.

 

The warrants were valued at fair value of $2,929,712 in terms of ASC 820 at the date of issuance, using a Black Sholes valuation model.

 

A summary of all of the Company’s warrant activity during the period January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019 is as follows: 

    Year ended December 31, 2018  
Exercise price/shares at issuance   $ 4.00 – 4.60    
Common stock share price   $ 2.08    
Risk free interest rate     0.91 %  
Expected life     1.37 years    
Expected volatility of underlying stock     459 %  
Expected dividend rate     0 %  

   Number of shares  Exercise price per share  Weighted average exercise price
 Outstanding January 1, 2018    76,566   $4.32   $4.32 
 Granted    1,096,224    4.00    4.00 
 Forfeited/cancelled    (27,000)   5.04    5.04 
 Exercised    (40,761)   4.64    4.64 
 Expired    (15,555)   4.64    4.64 
 Outstanding December 31, 2018    1,089,474   $4.00    4.00 
 Granted    —      —      —   
 Forfeited/cancelled    —      —      —   
 Exercised    —      —      —   
 Outstanding December 31, 2019    1,089,474   $4.00   $4.00 

 

The following tables summarize information about warrants outstanding as of December 31, 2019: 

    Warrants outstanding   Warrants exercisable
  Exercise price       Number of shares       Weighted average remaining years       Weighted average exercise price       Number of shares       Weighted average exercise price  
$ 4.00       1,089,474       0.41     $ 4.00       1,089,474     $ 4.00  

 

 

F-27

 

 
 

 NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

18.Stock options

 

In September 2018, our stockholders approved our 2018 Equity Incentive Plan, which provides for a maximum of 1,150,000 awards that can be issued as options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, stock units, other equity awards or cash awards. No awards were granted under the 2018 Equity Incentive Plan as of December 31, 2018. During July 2019, we issued an aggregate of 95,313 options to purchase common stock, of which options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock were issued to our Chief Financial Officer, options to purchase 39,375 shares of common stock were issued to our Chief Executive Officer and options to purchase 30,938 shares of common stock were issued to directors. During August 2019, we issued an aggregate of 150,000 options to purchase shares of common stock of which options to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock were issued to each of Michele Ciavarella, our Chief Executive Officer, Alessandro Marcelli, our Vice President of Operations, Luca Pasquini, our Vice President of Technology, Gabriele Peroni, our Vice President Business Development, Franco Salvagni, our Vice President of Land-based Operations and Beniamino Gianfelici, our Vice President Regulatory Affairs. On November 11,2019 we issued options to purchase 70,625 shares of common stock to various employees at an exercise price of $2.80 per share. As of December 12, 2019, there was an aggregate of 315,938 options to purchase shares of common stock granted under our 2018 Equity Incentive Plan and 834,062 reserved for future grants.

 

There were no option awards during or prior to the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

The options awarded during the year ended December 31, 2019 were valued using a Black-Scholes option pricing model.

 

The following assumptions were used in the Black-Scholes model:

 

  

Year ended

December 31, 2019

Exercise price   2.72 to 2.96 
Risk free interest rate   1.50 to 2.04 
Expected life of options   7 to 10 years 
Expected volatility of underlying stock   237.4 to 270.2 
Expected dividend rate   0%

 

A summary of all of the Company’s option activity during the period January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019 is as follows:

 

   Number of shares  Exercise price per share  Weighted average exercise price
          
 Granted    315,938    $2.72 to $2.96   $2.84 
 Forfeited/cancelled    —      —      —   
 Exercised    —      —      —   
 Outstanding December 31, 2019    315,938    $2.72 to $2.96   $2.84 

 

 

The following tables summarize information about stock options outstanding as of December 31, 2019:

 

Options outstanding     Options exercisable  
  Exercise price       Number of shares       Weighted average remaining years       Weighted Average exercise price       Number of shares       Weighted average exercise price  
                                             
$ 2.72       25,000       6.50               —            
$ 2.80       220,625       9.73               13,971          
$ 2.96       70,313       9.52               35,859          
          315,938       9.30     $ 2.83       49,830     $ 2.92  
                                             

 

The weighted-average grant-date fair values of options granted during the year ended December 31, 2019 was $899,704 ($2.85 per share), of which $201,106 was recorded as compensation cost for the year ended December 31, 2019. As of December 31, 2019, there were unvested options to purchase 237,982 shares of common stock. Total expected unrecognized compensation cost related to such unvested options is $698,598 which is expected to be recognized over a period of 47 months.

 

The intrinsic value of the options at December 31, 2019 was $354,078.

 

F-28

 

 
 

 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

19.Revenues

 

The following table represents disaggregated revenues from our gaming operations for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018. Net Gaming Revenues represents Turnover (also referred to as “Handle”), the total bets processed for the period, less customer winnings paid out, commissions paid to agents, and taxes due to government authorities, while Commission Revenues represents commissions on lotto ticket sales and Service Revenues is revenue invoiced for our Elys software service and royalties invoiced for the sale of virtual products.

 

   For the Year Ended December 31,
   2019  2018
Handle (Turnover)          
Handle web-based  $328,385,837   $235,891,170 
Handle land-based   125,747,337    177,334,592 
Total Handle (Turnover)  $454,133,174   $413,225,762 
           
Winnings/Payouts          
Winnings web-based   309,214,993    223,064,978 
Winnings land-based   105,011,619    152,446,130 
Total Winnings/Payouts   414,226,612    375,511,108 
           
Gross Gaming Revenues  $39,906,562   $37,714,654 
           
Less: ADM Gaming Taxes   4,697,085    3,417,150 
           
Net Gaming Revenues  $35,209,477   $34,297,504 
Betting platform software and services   373,654    277,593 
Revenues  $35,583,131   $34,575,097 

 

20.Net Loss per Common Share

 

Basic loss per share is based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Diluted loss per share is based on basic shares as determined above, plus the incremental shares that would be issued upon the assumed exercise of “in-the-money” warrants using the treasury stock method and the inclusion of all convertible securities, including convertible debentures, assuming these securities were converted at the beginning of the period or at the time of issuance, if later. The computation of diluted net loss per share does not assume the issuance of common shares that have an anti-dilutive effect on net loss per share.

 

For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the following options, warrants and convertible debentures were excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share as the result of the computation was anti-dilutive:

 

Description  Year ended December 31, 2019  Year ended December 31, 2018
       
Options   315,938    —   
Warrants   1,089,474    1,089,474 
Convertible debentures   1,246,551    2,856,764 
    2,651,963    3,946,238 

 

 

 

 

F-29

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

21.Income Taxes

 

The Company is incorporated in the United States of America and is subject to United States federal taxation. No provisions for income taxes have been made as the Company had no U.S. taxable income for the years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

The Company's Italian subsidiaries are governed by the income tax laws of Italy. The corporate tax rate in Italy is 28.82% (IRES at 24% plus IRAP ordinary at 4.82%) on income reported in the statutory financial statements after appropriate tax adjustments.

 

The Company's Austrian subsidiaries are governed by the income tax laws of Austria. The corporate tax rate in Austria is 25% on income reported in the statutory financial statements after appropriate tax adjustments.

 

The Company's Canadian subsidiary is governed by the income tax laws of Canada and the Province of Ontario. The combined Federal and Provincial corporate tax rate in Canada is 26.5% on income reported in the statutory financial statements after appropriate tax adjustments.

 

The Company continues to evaluate the accounting for uncertainty in tax positions at the end of each reporting period. The guidance requires companies to recognize in their financial statements the impact of a tax position if the position is more likely than not of being sustained if the position were to be challenged by a taxing authority. The position ascertained inherently requires judgment and estimates by management.

 

The reconciliation of income tax expense at the U.S. statutory rate of 21% and 35% during 2019 and 2018, respectfully, to the Company’s effective tax rate is as follows:

   

December 31,

2019

 

December 31,

2018

U.S. Statutory rate   $ 1,822,092     $ 530,472  
Items not allowed for tax purposes     (1,142,776 )     (716,534 )
Foreign tax rate differential     (66,163 )     394,401  
Additional foreign taxation     (15,190 )      
Prior year over provision     1,167        
Prior year net operating loss adjustment     (917,820 )      
Movement in valuation allowances     (279,486 )     (1,311,040 )
Income tax expense   $ (598,176 )   $ (1,102,701 )

 

The Company has accumulated a net operating loss carry forward (“NOL”) of approximately $16.7 million as of December 31, 2019 in the U.S. The U.S. NOL carry forward includes adjustments based on prior year assessments of $4.9 million due the assessment of tax losses carried forward. This NOL may be offset against future taxable income through the year 2038. The company also has net operating loss carry forwards in Italy, Austria and Malta of approximately €0.12 million ($0.14 million) and in Canada of approximately CDN$0.4 million ($0.32 million). The use of these losses to reduce future income taxes will depend on the generation of sufficient taxable income prior to the expiration of the NOL. The Company periodically evaluates whether it is more likely than not that it will generate sufficient taxable income to realize the deferred income tax asset. At the present time, management cannot presently determine when the Company will be able to generate sufficient taxable income to realize the deferred tax asset; accordingly, a 100% valuation allowance has been established to offset the asset.

 

Utilization of NOLs are subject to limitation due to any ownership change (as defined under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) which resulted in a change in business direction. Unused limitations may be carried over to future years until the NOLs expire. Utilization of NOLs may also be limited in any one year by alternative minimum tax rules.

 

Under Italian tax law, the operating loss carryforwards available for offset against future profits can be used indefinitely. Operating loss carryforwards are only available for offset against national income tax, up to the limit of 80% of taxable annual income. This restriction does not apply to the operating loss incurred in the first three years of the Company's activity, which are therefore available for 100% offsetting.

 

Under Austrian tax law, the operating loss carryforwards available for offset against future profits can be used indefinitely. Operating loss carryforwards are only available for offset against national income tax, up to the limit of 75% of taxable annual income.

 

Under Canadian tax law, the operating loss carryforwards available for offset against future profits can be used indefinitely.

 

The provisions for income taxes consist of currently payable income tax in Italy, Malta and Austria and deferred tax movements on intangible assets.

F-30

 

 
 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

21.Income Taxes (continued)

 

The provisions for income taxes are summarized as follows: 

 

   December 31, 2019  December 31, 2018
 Current   $(683,830)  $(1,102,701)
 Deferred    85,654    —   
 Total   $(598,176)  $(1,102,701)

 

The tax effects of temporary differences that give rise to the Company’s net deferred tax assets and liabilities are as follows: 

    December 31, 2019   December 31, 2018
Working capital movements   $ 641,089     $  
Net loss carryforward - Foreign   119,251     124,407  
Net loss carryforward - US     3,505,182       3,861,629  
      4,265,522       3,986,036  
Less valuation allowance     (4,265,522 )     (3,986,036 )
Deferred tax assets   $     $  
                 
Intangible assets   $ (1,315,954 )   $  
    $ (1,315,954 )   $  

 

The Net loss carry forward for US entities includes an adjustment of $917,821 based on taxation assessments which differed to the amounts originally provided for.

 

The following tax years remain subject to examination:

 

USA: Three years from the date of tax return filing which is currently the 2017 to 2019 tax years
Italy and Austria: Five years from the date of filing which is currently the 2015 to 2019 tax years
Malta: Eight years from fiscal year end which is currently 2012 to 2019.

 

The Company is not currently under examination and it has not been notified of a pending examination.

 

There are no unrecognized tax benefits.

 

22.Segmental Reporting

 

The Company has two reportable operating segments. These segments are:

 

(i)Betting establishments

Provider of certified betting Platform software services to leisure betting establishments in Italy and 11 other countries and;

(ii)Betting platform software and services

The operating of web based as well as land based leisure betting establishments situated throughout Italy.

 

The operating assets and liabilities of the reportable segments are as follows:

 

    December 31, 2019
   

 

Betting establishments

  Betting platform software and services   All other   Total
                 
Purchase of Non-Current assets   $ 202,042     $ 5,456,358     $     $ 5,658,400  
Assets                                
Current assets     6,620,800       470,127       216,948       7,307,875  
Non-Current assets     12,761,177       6,615,905       1,183,550       20,560,632  
Liabilities                                
Current liabilities     (5,395,212 )     (615,564 )     (10,450,390 )     (16,461,166 )
Non-Current liabilities     (1,266,145 )     (1,339,911 )           (2,696,056 )
Intercompany balances     5,461,766       423,926       (5,885,692 )      
Net asset position   $ 18,182,386     $ 5,554,483     $ (14,935,584 )   $ 8,801,285  

F-31

 

 
 

 

NEWGIOCO GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

22.Segmental Reporting (continued)

 

The segment operating results of the reportable segments are disclosed as follows:

 

   Year ended December 31, 2019
    
   Betting establishments  Betting platform software and services  All other  Adjustments  Total
                
Net Gaming Revenue  $35,209,477   $373,654   $—     $—     $35,583,131 
Intercompany Service revenue   452,776    2,839,211    —      (3,291,987)   —   
    35,662,253    3,212,865    —      (3,291,987)   35,583,131 
Operating expenses                         
Intercompany service expense   2,839,211    452,776    —      (3,291,987)   —   
Selling expenses   25,583,913    2,000,579    —      —      27,584,492 
General and administrative expenses   5,109,135    1,294,617    4,590,802    —      10,994,554 
    33,532,259    3,747,972    4,590,802    (3,291,987)   38,579,046 
                          
(Loss) income from operations   2,129,994    (535,107)   (4,590,802)   —      (2,995,915)
                          
Other (expense) income                         
Interest expense, net   (190,206)   3    (782,240)   —      (972,443)
Amortization of debt discount   —      —      (4,154,922)   —      (4,154,922)
Virtual Generation earnout   —      —      (561,351)   —      (561,351)
Loss on share issuances   —      —      (44,063)   —      (44,063)
Other income   114,818    —      34,747    —      149,565 
Loss on marketable securities   —      —      (97,500)   —      (97,500)
Total other (expenses) income   (75,388)   3    (5,605,329)   —      (5,680,714)
                          
Loss before Income Taxes   2,054,606    (535,104)   (10,196,131)   —      (8,676,629)
Income tax provision   (641,528)   (43,352)   —      —      (598,176)
Net Loss  $1,413,078   $(491,752)  $(10,196,131)  $—     $(9,274,802)

 

The operating assets and liabilities of the reportable segments are as follows:

 

    December 31, 2018
   

 

 

Betting establishments

  Betting platform software and services   All other   Total
                 
Purchase of fixed assets   $ 10,019,807     $ 167,322     $ 6,856     $